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VOLUME 7

CONTENTS Chapter 87. Penal Code Act

Chapter 88. Criminal Procedure Code Act Chapter 89. Suicide Act Chapter 90. Witchcraft Act Chapter 91. Anti-Corruption Commission Act Chapter 92. Gaming Machines (Prohibition) Act Chapter 93. Probation of Offenders Act Chapter 94. Extradition Act Chapter 95. Dangerous Drugs Act Chapter 96. Narcotic Drugs Substances Act Chapter 97. Prisons Act Chapter 98. Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Act Chapter 99. Vacant Chapter 100.Vacant Chapter 101.Vacant Chapter 102.Vacant Chapter 103.Vacant Chapter 104.Vacant Chapter 105.Vacant and Psychotropic

CHAPTER 87 THE PENAL CODE ACT


ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

PART I-GENERAL PROVISIONS CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY Section 1. 2. Short title Saving of certain laws

CHAPTER II INTERPRETATION 3. 4. General rule of interpretation Interpretation

CHAPTER III APPLICATION OF THIS CODE 5. 6. Extent of jurisdiction of local courts Liability for offences committed partly within and partly beyond the jurisdiction

CHAPTER IV GENERAL RULES AS TO CRIMINAL RESPONSIBILITY 7. Ignorance of law

8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 12A. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

Bona fide claim of right Intention and motive Mistake of fact Presumption of sanity Insanity Defence of diminished responsibility Intoxication Immature age Judicial officers Defence of duress or co-ercion Defence of person or property Use of force in effecting arrest Repealed by Act No. 3 of 1990 Person not to be punished twice for same offence

CHAPTER V PARTIES TO OFFENCES 21. 22. 23. Principal offenders Offences committed by joint offenders in prosecution of common purpose Counselling another to commit an offence

CHAPTER VI PUNISHMENTS 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. Different kinds of punishment Sentence of death Imprisonment Corporal punishment Fines Forfeiture

30. 31. 32. 33.

Compensation Security for keeping the peace Costs Court to send particulars of conviction of non-citizens to Minister responsible for home affairs Deportation within Zambia Provisions as to sentences of deportation One act constituting several crimes, etc. Date from which sentence takes effect General punishment for misdemeanours Sentences cumulative unless otherwise directed Escaped convicts to serve unexpired sentences when recaptured Absolute and conditional discharge

34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42.

Commission of further offences by offender against whom an order for conditional discharge has been made PART II-CRIMES DIVISION I OFFENCES AGAINST PUBLIC ORDER CHAPTER VII TREASON AND OTHER OFFENCES Section 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. Treason Concealment of treason Treason-felony Promoting tribal war Repealed by Act No. 35 of 1973 Inciting to mutiny Aiding soldiers or police in acts of mutiny

50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70.

Inducing soldiers or police to desert Aiding prisoners of war to escape Definition of overt act Prohibited publications Offences in respect of prohibited publications Delivery of prohibited publication to police station Power to examine packages Offences in respect of seditious practices Legal proceedings Evidence Seditious intention Persons deemed to have published a seditious publication Interpretation Unlawful oaths to commit capital offences Other unlawful oaths to commit offences Compulsion: how far a defence Unlawful drilling Publication of false news with intent to cause fear and alarm to the public Insulting the national anthem Defamation of President Expressing or showing hatred, ridicule or contempt for persons because of race, tribe, place of origin or colour CHAPTER VIII

OFFENCES AFFECTING RELATIONS WITH FOREIGN STATES AND EXTERNAL TRANQUILITY Section 71. 72. 73. Defamation of foreign princes Foreign enlistment Piracy

CHAPTER IX UNLAWFUL ASSEMBLIES, RIOTS AND OTHER OFFENCES AGAINST PUBLIC TRANQUILITY 74. 75. 76. 77. 78. 79. 80. 81. 82. 83. 84. 85. 86. 87. 88. 89. 90. 91. 92. 93. Definitions of unlawful assembly and riot Punishment of unlawful assembly Punishment of riot Making proclamation for rioters to disperse Dispersion of rioters after proclamation made Rioting after proclamation Preventing or obstructing the making of proclamation Rioters demolishing buildings, etc. Rioters injuring buildings, etc. Riotously interfering with railway, vehicle, etc. Going armed in public Possession of offensive weapons or materials Forcible entry Forcible detainer Affray Challenge to fight a duel Threatening violence Proposing violence or breaches of the law to assemblies Wrongfully inducing a boycott Assembling for the purpose of smuggling

DIVISION II CHAPTER X OFFENCES AGAINST THE ADMINISTRATION OF LAWFUL AUTHORITY

Section 94. 95. 96. 97. Repealed by Act No. 14 of 1980 Repealed by Act No. 14 of 1980 Repealed by Act No. 14 of 1980 Officers charged with administration of property of a special character or with special duties False claims by officials Abuse of authority of office False certificates by public officers False assumption of authority Personating public officers Threat of injury to persons employed in public service

98. 99. 100. 101. 102. 103.

103A. Definition of Public Service.

CHAPTER XI OFFENCES RELATING TO THE ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE 104. 105. 106. 107. 108. 109. 110. 111. 112. 113. Perjury and subordination of perjury False statements by interpreters Punishment of perjury and subordination of perjury Evidence on charge of perjury Fabricating evidence False swearing Deceiving witnesses Destroying evidence Conspiracy to defeat justice and interference with witnesses Compounding felonies 104A. Conflicting Statements on Oath.

114. 115. 116. 117.

Compounding penal actions Advertisements for stolen property Contempt of court Prohibition on taking photographs, etc., in court

CHAPTER XII RESCUES, ESCAPES AND OBSTRUCTING OFFICERS OF COURT OF LAW Section 118. 119. 120. 121. 122. Rescue Escape from lawful custody Aiding prisoners to escape Removal, etc., of property under lawful seizure Obstructing court officers

CHAPTER XIII MISCELLANEOUS OFFENCES AGAINST PUBLIC AUTHORITY 123. 124. 125. 126. 127. Frauds and breaches of trust by public officers Repealed by Act No. 7 of 1990 False information to public officer Disobedience of statutory duty Disobedience of lawful orders

DIVISION III OFFENCES INJURIOUS TO THE PUBLIC IN GENERAL CHAPTER XIV OFFENCES RELATING TO RELIGION

128. 129. 130. 131. 131A.

Insult to religion of any class Disturbing religious assemblies Trespassing on burial places Uttering words with the intent to wound religious feelings Definition of child

CHAPTER XV OFFENCES AGAINST MORALITY 132. 133. 134. 135. 136. 137. 137A. 138. 139. 140. 141. 142. 143. 144. 145. 146. 147. Definition of rape Punishment of rape Attempted rape Abduction Abduction of children Indecent assault Sexual harassment Defilement of child Defilement of imbecile or person with mental illness Procurring child or other person for prostitution, etc. Procuring defilement of by threats or fraud or administering drugs Householder, etc., permitting defilement of child premises Selling or trafficking in children, etc. Detention with intent in premises or in brothel Power of search Person living on earnings of prostitution or persistently soliciting Person living on, aiding, etc., prostitution of another for gain

148. 149. 150. 151. 152. 153. 154. 155. 156. 157. 158. 159. 160. 161. 162. 163. 164. 164A.

Power of search Brothels Conspiracy to defile Attempts to procure abortion Abortion by pregnant woman or female child Supplying drugs or instruments to procure abortion Knowledge of age of female immaterial Unnatural offences Attempt to commit unnatural offences Harmful cultural practice Indecent practices between persons of the same sex Incest Order for guardianship Concent to incest Test of relationship Conviction of incest lawful on charge of rape and vice versa Sanction of Director of Public Prosecutions Prohibition of disclosure of information

CHAPTER XVI OFFENCES RELATING TO DOMESTIC OBLIGATIONS 165. 166. 167. 168. 169. 170. Bigamy Marriage ceremony fraudulently gone through without lawful marriage Desertion of children Neglecting to provide food, etc., for children Master not providing for servants or MARRIAGE AND

Fraudulent pretence of marriage

apprentices 171. Child stealing

CHAPTER XVII NUISANCES AND OFFENCES AGAINST HEALTH AND CONVENIENCE 172. 173. 174. 175. 176. 177. 177A. 178. 179. 180. 181. 182. 183. 184. 185. 186. 187. 188. 189. 190. Common niusance Watching and besetting Gaming houses Betting houses Keeper of premises defined Obscene matters or things Child pornography Idle and disorderly persons Use of insulting language Nuisances by drunken persons, etc. Rogues and vagabonds Wearing of uniform without authority prohibited Negligent act likely to spread infection Adulteration of food or drink intended for sale Sale of noxious food or drink Adulteration of drugs Sale of adulterated drugs Fouling water Fouling air Offensive trades

CHAPTER XVIII DEFAMATION 191. Libel

192. 193. 194. 195. 196. 197. 198.

Definition of defamatory matter Definition of publication Definition of unlawful publication Cases in which publication of defamatory matter is absolutely privileged Cases in which publication of defamatory matter is conditionally privileged Explanation as to good faith Presumption as to good faith

DIVISION IV OFFENCES AGAINST THE PERSON CHAPTER XIX MURDER AND MANSLAUGHTER 199. 200. 201. 202. 203. 204. 205. 206. 207. 208. 209. Manslaughter Murder Punishment of murder Punishment of manslaughter Infanticide Malice aforethought Killing on provocation Provocation defined Causing death defined When child deemed to be a person Limitation as to time of death

CHAPTER XX DUTIES RELATING TO THE PRESERVATION OF LIFE AND HEALTH 210. Responsibility of person who has charge of another

211. 212. 213. 214.

Duty of head of family Duty of masters and mistresses Duty of persons doing dangerous acts Duty of persons in charge of dangerous things

CHAPTER XXI OFFENCES CONNECTED WITH MURDER 215. 216. 217. 218. 219. 220. 221. Attempt to murder Attempt to murder by convict Accessory after the fact to murder Written threat to murder Conspiracy to murder Concealing the birth of children Child destruction

CHAPTER XXII OFFENCES ENDANGERING LIFE OR HEALTH 222. 223. 224. 225. 226. 227. 228. 229. 230. Disabling with intent to commit felony or misdemeanour Stupefying with intent to commit felony or misdemeanour Acts intended to cause grievous harm or prevent arrest Preventing escape from wreck Acts endangering railways and persons travelling thereon Trespass on railway Acts endangering the safety of persons travelling in motor vehicles Grievous harm Attempting to injure by explosive

substances 231. 232. 233. 234. 235. 236. Maliciously administering poison with intent to harm Unlawful wounding or poisoning Failure to supply necessaries Responsibility as to surgical operation Criminal responsibility Exception

CHAPTER XXIII CRIMINAL RECKLESSNESS AND NEGLIGENCE 237. 238. 239. 240. 241. 242. 243. 244. 245. 246. Reckless and negligent acts Unlawful acts causing harm Dealing with poisonous substances in negligent manner Endangering safety of persons travelling by railway Exhibition of false light, mark or buoy Conveying person by water for hire in unsafe or overloaded vessel Obstruction of waterways Danger or obstruction in public way or line of navigation Trespass on aerodromes Obstruction of roads or runways

CHAPTER XXIV ASSAULTS Section 247. 248. 248A. Common assault Assaults occasioning actual bodily harm Assaul or battering of child

249. 250.

Assaults on persons protecting wrecks Assaults punishable with five years' imprisonment

CHAPTER XXV OFFENCES AGAINST LIBERTY 251. 252. 253. 254. 255. 256. 257. 258. 259. 260. 261. 262. 263. Definition of kidnapping from Zambia Definition of kidnapping from lawful guardianship Definition of abduction Punishment for kidnapping Kidnapping or abducting in order to murder Kidnapping or abducting with intent to confine person Kidnapping or abducting in order to subject person to grievous harm, slavery, etc. Wrongfully concealing or keeping in confinement kidnapped or abducted person Kidnapping or abducting child under fourteen with intent to steal from its person Punishment for wrongful confinement Buying or disposing of any person as a slave Habitual dealing in slaves Unlawful compulsory labour

DIVISION V OFFENCES RELATING TO PROPERTY CHAPTER XXVI THEFT 264. 265. 266. Things capable of being stolen Definition of theft Special cases

267. 268. 269. 270. 271. 272. 273. 274. 275.

Funds, etc., held under direction Funds, etc., received by agents for sale Money received for another Theft by persons having an interest in the thing stolen Husband and wife General punishment for theft Stolen wills Stealing postal matter, etc. Stock theft

275A. Stealing copper cathodes, copperbars, cobalt, lead, zinc or vanadium 276. 277. 278. 279. 280. 281. 281B 282. Stealing from the person; stealing goods in transit, etc. Stealing by persons in public service Stealing by clerks and servants Stealing by directors or officers of companies Stealing by agents, etc. Stealing by tenants or lodgers Search, seizure and arrest of person in relation to theft of motor vehicle Repealed by Act No. 29 of 1974

281A. Stealing of motor vehicle

CHAPTER XXVII OFFENCES ALLIED TO STEALING 283. 284. 285. 286. 287. Concealing registers Concealing wills Concealing deeds Killing animals with intent to steal Severing with intent to steal

288. 289. 289A 290. 291.

Fraudulent disposition of mortgaged goods Fraudulent dealing with metals or minerals Fraudulent dealing with motor vehicles Fraudulent appropriation of power Conversion not amounting to theft

CHAPTER XXVIII ROBBERY AND EXTORTION 292. 293. 294. 295. 296. 297. 298. 299. Robbery Assault with intent to steal Aggravated robbery Aggravated assault with intent to steal Demanding property by written threats Attempts at extortion by threats Procuring execution of deeds, etc., by threats Demanding property with menaces with intent to steal

CHAPTER XXIX BURGLARY, OFFENCES 300. 301. 302. 303. 304. 305. HOUSEBREAKING AND SIMILAR

Definition of breaking and entering Housebreaking and burglary Entering dwelling-house with intent to commit felony Breaking into building and committing felony Breaking into building with intent to commit felony Persons found armed, etc., with intent to commit felony

306. 307.

Criminal trespass Forfeiture

CHAPTER XXX FALSE PRETENCES 308. 309. Definition of false pretence Obtaining goods by false pretences

309A. Obtaining pecuniary advantage by false pretences 310. Obtaining execution of a security by false pretences Cheating Obtaining credit, etc., by false pretences Conspiracy to defraud Frauds on sale or mortgage of property Pretending to tell fortunes Obtaining registration, etc., by false pretences False declaration for passport

310A. Intent to deceive 311. 312. 313. 314. 315. 316. 317.

CHAPTER XXXI RECEIVING PROPERTY STOLEN OR UNLAWFULLY OBTAINED AND LIKE OFFENCES Section 318. 319. 320. Receiving property stolen or unlawfully obtained Person suspected of having or conveying stolen property Receiving goods stolen outside Zambia

CHAPTER XXXII ILLEGAL POSSESSION EMERALDS 321. 322. OF DIAMONDS AND

Illegal possession of diamonds or emeralds Forfeiture on conviction

CHAPTER XXXIII FRAUDS BY TRUSTEES AND PERSONS IN POSITION OF TRUST, AND FALSE ACCOUNTING 323. 324. Trustees fraudulently disposing of trust property Directors and officers of corporations or companies fraudulently appropriating property or keeping fraudulent accounts or falsifying books or accounts False statements by officials of companies Fraudulent false accounting False accounting by public officer A

325. 326. 327.

DIVISION VI MALICIOUS INJURIES TO PROPERTY CHAPTER XXXIV OFFENCES CAUSING INJURY TO PROPERTY 328. 329. 330. 331. 332. 333. 334. 335. Arson Attempts to commit arson Setting fire to crops and growing plants Attempts to set fire to crops, etc. Casting away vessels Attempts to cast away vessels Injuring animals Other malicious injuries; general and special

punishments 336. 337. 338. 339. 340. 341. Attempts to destroy property by explosives Communicating infectious diseases to animals Removing boundary marks with intent to defraud Wilful damage, etc., to survey and boundary marks Penalties for damage, etc., to railway works Threats to burn or destroy

DIVISION VII FORGERY, COINING, COUNTERFEITING AND SIMILAR OFFENCES CHAPTER XXXV DEFINITIONS 342. 343. 344. 345. Definition of forgery Definition of document Making a false document Intent to defraud

344A. Intent to deceive

CHAPTER XXXVI PUNISHMENTS FOR FORGERY 346. 347. 348. 349. 350. 351. Definition of currency notes General punishment for forgery Forgeries punishable by imprisonment for life Forgery of judicial or official document Forgeries punishable by imprisonment for seven years Making or having in possession paper or

implements for forgery 352. 353. 354. 355. 356. 357. 358. 359. 360. 361. 362. Uttering false documents Uttering cancelled or exhausted documents Procuring execution of documents by false pretences Obliterating crossings on cheques Making documents without authority Demanding property upon forged testamentary instrument Purchasing forged notes Falsifying warrants for money payable under public authority Falsification of register Sending false certificate of marriage to registrar False statements for registers of births, deaths and marriages

CHAPTER XXXVII OFFENCES RELATING TO COIN 363. 364. 365. 366. 367. 368. 369. 370. 371. 372. 373. Definitions of counterfeit coin and current coin Counterfeiting coin Preparations for coining Clipping Melting down of currency Possession of clippings Uttering counterfeit coin Repeated uttering Uttering foreign coin or metal as current coin Exporting counterfeit coin Forfeiture

CHAPTER XXXVIII COUNTERFEIT STAMPS 374. 375. Possession of die used for purpose of making stamps Paper and dies for postage stamps

CHAPTER XXXIX COUNTERFEITING TRADE MARKS 376. 377. Definition of trade mark Counterfeiting trade marks a misdemeanour

CHAPTER XL PERSONATION 378. 379. 380. 381. 382. 383. Personation in general Falsely acknowledging deeds, recognizances, etc. Personation of person named in certificate Lending, etc., certificate for personation Personation of person named in testimonial of character Lending, etc., testimonial for personation

DIVISION VIII REPEALED BY ACT NO. 14 OF 1980.


DIVISION IX
ATTEMPTS

ACCESSORIES AFTER

AND CONSPIRACIES TO COMMIT CRIMES, AND THE FACT

CHAPTER XLII ATTEMPTS 389. 390. 391. 392. 393. Definition of attempt Attempts to commit offences Punishment of attempts to commit certain felonies Attempts to procure commission of criminal acts Neglect to prevent commission of a felony

CHAPTER XLIII CONSPIRACIES 394. 395. 396. Conspiracy to commit felony Conspiracy to commit misdemeanour Other conspiracies

CHAPTER XLIV ACCESSORIES AFTER THE FACT 397. 398. 399. Definition of accessories after the fact Punishment of accessories after the fact to felonies Punishment of accessories after the fact to misdemeanours

FIRST SCHEDULE-Offences for which court may order corporal punishment SECOND SCHEDULE-Particulars in respect of non-citizens convicted of offences
CHAPTER 87

PENAL CODE

Acts No. 42 of 1930

An Act to establish a Code of Criminal Law. [1st November, 1931]

28 of 1931 26 of 1933 10 of 1935 3 of 1936 28 of 1937 15 of 1938 48 of 1938 26 of 1940 25 of 1941 1 of 1945 15 of 1946 43 of 1947 29 of 1948 51 of 1948 28 of 1949 1 of 1952 23 of 1952 28 of 1952 20 of 1953 22 of 1953 70 of 1953 9 of 1954 34 of 1954 2 of 1955 17 of 1955 1 of 1956 8 of 1957 27 of 1957 53 of 1957 60 of 1957 7 of 1958 21 of 1958 39 of 1958 21 of 1959 29 of 1959 33 of 1959 7 of 1960 34 of 1960 36 of 1960 26 of 1961 18 of 1962 18 of 1963 20 of 1964 57 of 1964 6 of 1965 23 of 1965 29 of 1965 48 of 1965 69 of 1965 76 of 1965 20 of 1966

1 of 1967 60 of 1967 9 of 1968 22 of 1969 25 of 1969 36 of 1969 40 of 1969 45 of 1969 39 of 1970 61 of 1970 5 of 1972 32 of 1972 35 of 1973 8 of 1974 9 of 1974 29 of 1974 29 of 1976 14 of 1981 2 of 1987 3 of 1990 7 of 1990 23 of 1993 13 of 1994 12 of 2000 20 of 2000 10 of 2003 15 of 2005 Federal Acts 36 of 1954 23 of 1955 Government Notices 268 of 1964 303 of 1964 493 of 1964 497 of 1964 Statutory Instrument 63 of 1964 152 of 1965

PART I-GENERAL PROVISIONS CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY

1.

This Act may be cited as the Penal Code Act.


Short title

Cap. 87 2. Except as hereinafter expressly provided, nothing in this Code shall Saving of certain laws affect(a) the liability, trial or punishment of a person for an offence against the common law or against any other law in force in Zambia other than this Code; or (b) the liability of a person to be tried or punished for an offence under the provisions of any law in force in Zambia relating to the jurisdiction of the local courts in respect of acts done beyond the ordinary jurisdiction of such courts; or (c) the power of any court to punish a person for contempt of such court; or (d) the liability or trial of a person, or the punishment of a person under any sentence passed or to be passed, in respect of any act done or commenced before the commencement of this Code; or (e) any power of the President to grant any pardon or to remit or commute in whole or in part or to respite the execution of any sentence passed or to be passed; or (f) any written law for the time being in force for the government of the Defence Force or the Zambia Police Force: Provided that if a person does an act which is punishable under this Code and is also punishable under another Act or Statute of any of the kinds mentioned in this section, he shall not be punished for that act both under that Act or Statute and also under this Code. (As amended by No. 10 of 1935 and S.I. No. 63 of 1964 and No 12 of 2000) CHAPTER II INTERPRETATION 3. This Code shall be interpreted in accordance with the principles of legal interpretation obtaining in England. (No. 5 of 1972)
General rule of interpretation

4. Unless the context otherwise requires" community service" means form of punishment as a condition of suspension of a sentence of imprisonment requiring an offender tyo perform unpaid work within the community where the offender resides for the period specified in the order for community service" "dwelling-house" includes any building or structure or part of a building or structure or any tent, or caravan or vessel which is for the time being kept by the owner or occupier for the residence therein of himself, his family or servants or any of them, and it is immaterial that it is from time to time uninhabited; a building or structure adjacent to or occupied with a dwelling-house is deemed to be part of the dwelling-house if there is a communication between such building or structure and the dwelling-house, either immediate or by means of a covered and enclosed passage leading from the one to the other, but not otherwise; "explosive" or "explosive substance" means(a) nitro-glycerine, dynamite, gun-cotton, blasting powders, gunpowder, fulminate of mercury or other metals, and every other substance or mixture, whether similar to those enumerated herein or not, used with a view to producing a practical effect by explosion; and (b) any detonating, igniter or safety fuse, or article of like nature, any detonator, and every adaption or preparation of an explosive as herein defined; "felony" means an offence which is declared by law to be a felony or, if not declared to be a misdemeanour, is punishable, without proof of previous conviction, with death, or with imprisonment with hard labour for three years or more; "grevious harm" means any harm which endangers life or which amounts to a maim or which seriously or permanently injures health or which is likely so to injure health, or which extends to permanent disfigurement, or to any permanent or serious injury to any external or internal organ, member or sense; "harm" means any bodily hurt, disease or disorder whether permanent or temporary; "judicial proceeding" includes any proceeding had or taken in or before any court, tribunal, commission of inquiry, or person in which evidence may be taken on oath,

Interpretation

"knowingly", used in connection with any term denoting uttering or using, implies knowledge of the character of the thing uttered or used; "local authority" means a city council, municipal council, town council, district council; "maim" means the destruction or permanent disabling of any external or internal organ, member or sense; "misdemeanour" means any offence which is not a felony; "money" includes bank notes, currency notes, bank drafts, cheques and other similar orders, warrants or requests for the payment of money; "night" or "night-time" means the interval between seven o'clock in the evening and six o'clock in the morning; "offensive weapon" means any article made or adapted for use for causing or threatening injury to the person, or intended by the person in question for such use, and includes any knife, spear, arrow, stone, axe, axe handle, stick or similar article; "owner" and other like terms, when used with reference to property, include corporations of all kinds and any other association of persons capable of owning property, and also when so used include the President; "person employed in the public service" means any person holding any of the following offices or performing the duty thereof, whether as a deputy or otherwise, namely: (a) any public office; or (b) any office to which a person is appointed or nominated by Act or Statute; or (c) any civil office, the power of appointing to which or removing from which is vested in any person or persons holding an office of any kind included in either of the two last preceding paragraphs of this definition; or (d) any office of arbitrator or umpire in any proceeding or matter submitted to arbitration by order or with the sanction of any court, or in pursuance of any Act;

and the said term further includes(i) a member of a commission of inquiry appointed under or in pursuance of any Act; (ii) (iii) any person employed to execute any process of a court; all persons belonging to the Defence Force;

(iv) all persons in the employment of any department of the Government, or a person in the employ of any corporation, body or board, including an institution of higher learning, in which the Government has a majority or controlling interest or any director of any such corporation, body or board; (v) a person acting as a minister of religion of whatsoever denomination in so far as he performs functions in respect of the notification of intending marriage or in respect of the solemnisation of marriage, or in respect of the making or keeping of any register or certificate of marriage, birth, baptism, death or burial, but not in any other respect; (vi) (vii) a councillor of, or a person in the employ of a local authority; a person in the employ of a local authority;
Cap. 435

"petroleum" has the meaning assigned to it by section two of the Petroleum Act; "possession", "be in possession of" or "have in possession"(a) includes not only having in one's own personal possession, but also knowingly having anything in the actual possession or custody of any other person, or having anything in any place (whether belonging to, or occupied by oneself or not) for the use or benefit of oneself or of any other person; (b) if there are two or more persons and any one or more of them with the knowledge and consent of the rest has or have anything in his or their custody or possession, it shall be deemed and taken to be in the custody and possession of each and all of them; "property" includes any description of real and personal property, money, debts, and legacies, and all deeds and instruments relating to or evidencing the title or right to any property, or giving a right to recover or receive any money or goods, and also includes not only such property as has been originally in the possession or under the control of any person, but also any property into or for which the same has been converted or exchanged, and anything acquired by such conversion or exchange, whether immediately or otherwise;

"public" refers not only to all persons within Zambia, but also to such indeterminate persons as may happen to be affected by the conduct in respect to which such expression is used; "public place" or "public premises" includes any public way and any building, place or conveyance to which for the time being the public are entitled or permitted to have access, either without any condition or upon condition of making any payment, and any building or place which is for the time being used for any public or religious meetings, or assembly or as an open court; "public way" includes any highway, market place, square, street, bridge or other way which is lawfully used by the public; "publicly" when applied to acts done means either(a) that they are so done in any public place as to be seen by any person whether such person be or be not in a public place; or (b) that they are so done in any place, not being a public place, as to be likely to be seen by any person in a public place; "the State" means the Sovereign Republic of Zambia; "Statute" means any British Act and includes any orders, rules, regulations, by-laws, or other subsidiary legislation made or passed under the authority of any Statute; "utter" includes using or dealing with and attempting to use or deal with and attempting to induce any person to use, deal with or act upon the thing in question; "valuable security" includes any document which is the property of any person, and which is evidence of the ownership of any property or of the right to recover or receive any property; "vessel" includes a ship, a boat and every other kind of vessel used in navigation either on the sea or in inland waters, and includes aircraft; "wound" means any incision or puncture which divides or pierces any exterior membrane of the body, and any membrane is exterior for the purpose of this definition which can be touched without dividing or

piercing any other membrane. (As amended by No. 26 of 1940, No. 29 of 1948, No. 53 of 1957, Nos. 7 and 34 of 1960, G.N. No. 268 of 1964, S.I. No. 63 of 1964, Nos. 69 and 76 of 1965, 35 of 1973 No. 20 of 1966, Nos. 25 and 36 of 1969, No. 5 of 1972, No. 29 of 1974, and No. 3 of 1990 CHAPTER III APPLICATION OF THIS CODE 5. The jurisdiction of the courts of Zambia for the purposes of this Code extends to every place within Zambia.
Extent of jurisdiction of local courts

6. (1) Subject to subsection (3), a citizen of Zambia who does any act outside Zambia which, if wholly done within Zambia, would be an offence against this Code, may be tried and punished under this Code in the same manner as if such act had been wholly done within Zambia.

Liability for offences committed outside the jurisdiction, or partly within and partly beyond the jurisdiction

(2) When an act which, if wholly done within Zambia, would be an offence against this Code, is done partly within and partly outside Zambia, any person who within Zambia does any part of such act may be tried and punished under this Code as if such act had been wholly done within Zambia. (3) Nothing in subsection (1) shall render any person liable to be tried and punished under this Code in respect of any act done outside Zambia which, if wholly done within Zambia, would be an offence against this Code if such person has been convicted and punished outside Zambia in respect of the same act, but, save as aforesaid, any such conviction shall, for the purposes of any law including this Code, be deemed to be a conviction for the said offence against this Code. (No. 39 of 1970) CHAPTER IV GENERAL RULES RESPONSIBILITY AS TO CRIMINAL

7. Ignorance of the law does not afford any excuse for any act or omission which would otherwise constitute an offence unless know-ledge of the law by the offender is expressly declared to be an element of the offence. 8. A person is not criminally responsible in respect of an offence relating to property, if the act done or omitted to be done by him with respect to the property was done in the exercise of an honest claim of right and without intention to defraud. 9. (1) Subject to the express provisions of this Code relating to negligent acts and omissions, a person is not criminally responsible for an act or omission which occurs independently of the exercise of his will, or for an event which occurs by accident. (2) Unless the intention to cause a particular result is expressly declared to be an element of the offence constituted, in whole or part, by an act or omission, the result intended to be caused by an act or omission is immaterial. (3) Unless otherwise expressly declared, the motive by which a person is induced to do or omit to do an act, or to form an intention, is immaterial so far as regards criminal responsibility.

Ignorance of law

Bona fide claim of right

Intention and motive

Mistake of fact 10. A person who does or omits to do an act under an honest and reasonable, but mistaken, belief in the existence of any state of things is not criminally responsible for the act or omission to any greater extent than if the real state of things had been such as he believed to exist. The operation of this rule may be excluded by the express or implied provisions of the law relating to the subject.

11. Every person is presumed to be of sound mind, and to have been of Presumption of sanity sound mind at any time which comes in question, until the contrary is proved. 12. A person is not criminally responsible for an act or omission if at Insanity the time of doing the act or making the omission he is, through any disease affecting his mind, incapable of understanding what he is doing, or of knowing that he ought not to do the act or make the omission. But a person may be criminally responsible for an act or omission, although his mind is affected by disease, if such disease does not in fact produce

upon his mind one or other of the effects above mentioned in reference to that act or omission. 12A. (1) Where a person kills or is a party to the killing of another, he Defence of diminished shall not be convicted of murder if he was suffering from such responsibility abnormality of mind (whether arising from a condition of arrested or retarded development of mind or any inherent causes or is induced by disease or injury) which has substantially impaired his mental responsibility for his acts or omissions in doing or being party to the killing. (2) The provisions of subsection (2) of section thirteen shall apply with necessary modifications to the defence of diminished responsibility under this section: Provided that the transient effect of intoxication as described in that subsection shall be deemed not to amount to disease or injury for purposes of this section. (3) On a charge of murder, it shall be for the defence to prove the defence of diminished responsibility and the burden of proof shall be on a balance of probabilities. (4) Where the defence of diminished responsibility is proved in accordance with this section, a person charged with murder shall be liable to be convicted of manslaughter or any other offence which is less than murder. (As amended by Act No. 3 of 1990) 13. (1) Save as provided in this section, intoxication shall not constitute Intoxication a defence to any criminal charge. (2) Intoxication shall be a defence to any criminal charge if, by reason thereof, the person charged at the time of the act or omission complained of did not know that such act or omission was wrong or did not know what he was doing and(a) the state of intoxication was caused without his consent by the malicious or negligent act of another person; or

(b) the person charged was by reason of intoxication insane, temporarily or otherwise, at the time of such act or omission. (3) Where the defence under subsection (2) is established, then in a case falling under paragraph (a) thereof the accused person shall be discharged, and in a case falling under paragraph (b) the provisions of section one hundred and sixty-seven of the Criminal Procedure Code relating to insanity shall apply. (4) Intoxication shall be taken into account for the purpose of determining whether the person charged had formed any intention, specific or otherwise, in the absence of which he would not be guilty of the offence. (5) For the purposes of this section, "intoxication" shall be deemed to include a state produced by narcotics or drugs. (No. 10 of 1935 as amended by No. 3 of 1936) 14. (1) A person under the age of eight years is not criminally responsible for any act or omission. (2) A person under the age of twelve years is not criminally responsible for an act or omission, unless it is proved that at the time of doing the act or making the omission he had capacity to know that he ought not to do the act or make the omission. (3) A male person under the age of twelve years is presumed to be incapable of having carnal knowledge. (As amended by No. 20 of 1953)

Cap. 88

Immature age

15. Except as expressly provided by this Code, a judicial officer is not Judicial officers criminally responsible for anything done or omitted to be done by him in the exercise of his judicial functions, although the act done is in excess of his judicial authority or although he is bound to do the act omitted to be done. 16. (1) Except as provided in this section, a person shall not be guilty of Defence of duress or coercion an offence if he does or omits to do any act under duress or coercion. (2) For the purpose of this section a person shall be regarded as having

done or omitted to do any act under duress if he was induced to do or omit to do the act by any threat of death or grievous harm to himself or another and if at the time when he did or omitted to do the act he believed (whether or not on reasonable grounds)(a) (b) (i) that the harm threatened was death or grievous injury; that the threat would be carried outimmediately; or

(ii) before he could have any real opportunity to seek official protection, if he did not do or omit to do the act in question; and (c) that there was no way of avoiding or preventing the harm threatened. (3) In this section "official protection" means the protection of the police or any authority managing any prison or other custodial institution, or any other authority concerned with the maintenance of law and order. (As amended by Act No. 13 of 1990)
Defence of person 17. Subject to any other provisions of this Code or any other law for the time being in force, a person shall not be criminally responsible for or property the use of force in repelling an unlawful attack upon his person or property, or the person or property of any other person, if the means he uses and the degree of force he employs in doing so are no more than is necessary in the circumstances to repel the unlawful attack.

(As amended by Act 3 of 1990) 18. Where any person is charged with a criminal offence arising out of Use of force in effecting arrest the arrest, or attempted arrest, by him of a person who forcibly resists such arrest or attempts to evade being arrested, the court shall, in considering whether the means used were necessary or the degree of force used was reasonable for the apprehension of such person, have regard to the gravity of the offence which had been, or was being, committed by such person and the circumstances in which such offence had been, or was being, committed by such person.

19.

Repealed by Act No. 3 of 1990.


Person not to be punished twice for same offence

20. A person cannot be punished twice either under the provisions of this Code or under the provisions of any other law for the same act or omission, except in the case where the act or omission is such that by means thereof he causes the death of another person, in which case he may be convicted of the offence of which he is guilty by reason of causing such death, notwithstanding that he has already been convicted of some other offence constituted by the act or omission. CHAPTER V PARTIES TO OFFENCES

21. (1) When an offence is committed, each of the following persons is Principal offenders deemed to have taken part in committing the offence and to be guilty of the offence, and may be charged with actually committing it, that is to say: (a) every person who actually does the act or makes the omission which constitutes the offence; (b) every person who does or omits to do any act for the purpose of enabling or aiding another person to commit the offence; (c) every person who aids or abets another person in committing the offence; (d) any person who counsels or procures any other person to commit the offence. (2) In the case of paragraph (d) of subsection (1), such person may be charged either with committing the offence or with counselling or procuring its commission. A conviction of counselling or procuring the commission of an offence entails the same consequences in all respects as a conviction of committing the offence. Any person who procures another to do or omit to do any act of such a nature that, if he had himself done the act or made the omission, the act or omission would have constituted an offence on his part, is guilty of an offence of the same kind and is liable to the same punishment, as if he had himself done the

act or made the omission; and he may be charged with doing the act or making the omission. 22. When two or more persons form a common intention to prosecute an unlawful purpose in conjunction with one another, and in the prosecution of such purpose an offence is committed of such a nature that its commission was a probable consequence of the prosecution of such purpose, each of them is deemed to have committed the offence.
Offences committed by joint offenders in prosecution of common purpose

Counselling 23. When a person counsels another to commit an offence, and an offence is actually committed after such counsel by the person to whom another to commit an offence it is given, it is immaterial whether the offence actually committed is the same as that counselled or a different one, or whether the offence is committed in the way counselled or in a different way, provided in either case that the facts constituting the offence actually committed are a probable consequence of carrying out the counsel. In either case the person who gave the counsel is deemed to have counselled the other person to commit the offence actually committed by him.

CHAPTER VI PUNISHMENTS 24. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) The following punishments may be inflicted by a court: death; imprisonment or an order for community service; Repealed by Act No. 10 of 2003 fine; forfeiture; payment of compensation;
Different kinds of punishment

(g) finding security to keep the peace and be of good behaviour, or to come up for judgment; (h) (i) deportation; any other punishment provided by this Code or by any other law.

(As amended by No. 26 of 1933 and No.26 of 1940 and No 12 of 2000) 25. (1) When any person is sentenced to death, the sentence shall direct Sentence of death that he shall be hanged by the neck until he is dead.

(2) Sentence of death shall not be pronounced on or recorded against a person convicted of an offence if it appears to the court that, at the time when the offence was committed, he was under the age of eighteen years; but in lieu thereof the court shall sentence him to be detained during the President's pleasure; and when so sentenced he shall be liable to be detained in such place and under such conditions as the President may direct. (3) When a person has been sentenced to be detained during the President's pleasure under subsection (2), the presiding Judge shall forward to the President a copy of the notes of evidence taken at the trial, with a report in writing signed by him containing such recommendation or observations on the case as he may think fit to make. (4) Where a woman convicted of an offence punishable with death is found in accordance with the provisions of section three hundred and six of the Criminal Procedure Code to be pregnant, the sentence to be passed on her shall be a sentence of imprisonment for life instead of a sentence of death. (As amended by No. 26 of 1940 and No. 28 of 1952) 26. (1) All imprisonment shall be with or without hard labour in the discretion of the court, unless the imposition of imprisonment only without hard labour is expressly prescribed by law. (2) A person liable to imprisonment for life or any other period may be sentenced for any shorter term. (3) A person convicted of a felony, other than manslaughter, may be sentenced to pay a fine in addition to imprisonment: Provided that, where such person is a corporation, the corporation may be sentenced to a fine instead of imprisonment. (4) A person convicted of manslaughter or a misdemeanour may be sentenced to pay a fine in addition to or instead of imprisonment.
Cap. 88

Imprisonment

26A. Where an offender has been sentenced to community service, the offender shall perform community work for the period specified in the order for community service shall be performed in an area where the offender resides. (As amended by No. 26 of 1933 and No. 76 of 1965 and No 12 of 2000) 27. (No. 23 of 1952 as amended by No. 21 of 1958, No. 18 of 1963 and G.N. No. 303 of 1964 and Repealed by Act No. 10 of 2003)

Insertion of new section 26A Sentence of community service

28. Where a fine is imposed under any written law, then, in the absence Fines of express provisions relating to such fine in such written law, the following provisions shall apply: (a) Where no sum is expressed to which the fine may extend, the amount of the fine which may be imposed is unlimited, but shall not be excessive. (b) In the case of an offence punishable with a fine or a term of imprisonment, the imposition of a fine or a term of imprisonment shall be a matter for the discretion of the court. (c) In the case of an offence punishable with imprisonment as well as a fine in which the offender is sentenced to a fine with or without imprisonment and in every case of an offence punishable with fine only in which the offender is sentenced to a fine, the court passing sentence may, in its discretion(i) direct by its sentence that, in default of payment of the fine, the offender shall suffer imprisonment for a certain term, which imprisonment shall be in addition to any other imprisonment to which he may have been sentenced or to which he may be liable under a commutation of sentence; and also (ii) is sue a warrant for the levy of the amount on the immovable and movable property of the offender by distress and sale under warrant: Provided that if the sentence directs that, in default of payment of the fine, the offender shall be imprisoned, and if such offender has

undergone the whole of such imprisonment in default, no court shall issue a distress warrant unless for special reasons to be recorded in writing it considers it necessary to do so. (d) The term of imprisonment ordered by a court in respect of the non-payment of any sum of money adjudged to be paid by a conviction or in respect of the default of a sufficient distress to satisfy any such sum shall be such term as, in the opinion of the court, will satisfy the justice of the case, but shall not exceed in any case the maximum fixed by the following scale: Amount Not exceeding 15 penalty unit .. Exceeding 15 penalty units but not exceeding 30 penalty units Exceeding 30 penalty units but not exceeding 150 penalty units months Exceeding 150 penalty units but not exceeding 600 penalty units months Exceeding 600 penalty units but not exceed ing 1500 penalty units . . months Exceeding 1500 penalty units .. .. 9 months (e) The imprisonment which is imposed in default of payment of a fine shall terminate whenever the fine is either paid or levied by process of law. (As amended by No. 26 of 1933 and Act No. 13 of 1994) 29. When any person is convicted of an offence under any of the following Forfeiture sections, namely, sections ninety four, ninety-five, ninety-six, one hundred and thirty, one hundred and fourteen, three hundred and eighty-five and three hundred and eighty-six, the count shall, in addition to or in lieu of any penalty which may be imposed, order the forfeiture of any property which has passed in connection with the commission of the offence, or, if such property cannot be forfeited or cannot be found, of such sum as the court shall assess as the value of the property. Payment of any sum so ordered to be forfeited may be enforced in the same manner and subject to the same provisions as in the case of the payment of a fine. (As amended by No. 26 of 1933 and S.I. No. 63 of 1964 and Act No. 29 of 1974) 30. In accordance with the provisions of section one hundred and seventy-five of the Criminal Procedure Code, any person who is convicted of an offence may be adjudged to make compensation to any person injured by his offence. Any such compensation may be either in addition to or in substitution for any other punishment; Provided that where a person is convicted of an offence under section
Compensation. Cap. 88

Maximum period .. 14 days .. .. 1 month .. .. 3 .. .. .. 4 6

two hundred and eighty-one A the court which convicts the person may, in addition to any other penalty imposed under that section, order the person convicted to make compensation to any person who has suffered loss or damage from the convicted person's offence and the order of compensation may include the actual loss suffered and any loss arising from the commission of the offence. (As amended by No. 26 of 1933, No. 26 of 1940 and No. 20 of 2000) 31. A person convicted of an offence not punishable with death may, Security for instead of or in addition to any punishment to which he is liable, be keeping the peace ordered to enter into his own recognizance, with or without sureties, in such amount as the court thinks fit, conditioned that he shall keep the peace and be of good behaviour for a time to be fixed by the court, and may be orderd to be imprisoned until such recognizance, with sureties, if so directed, is entered into; but so that the imprisonment for not entering into the recognizance shall not extend for a term longer than one year, and shall not, together with the fixed term of imprisonment, if any, extend for a term longer than the longest term for which he might be sentenced to be imprisoned without fine. (No. 26 of 1933 as amended by No. 18 of 1962) 32. A court may order any person convicted of an offence to pay the costs of and incidental to the prosecution or any part thereof. 33. (a) Whenever a court shall sentence to a term of imprisonment any personwho is not a citizen of Zambia; and
Costs

(b) who has been convicted of an offence under this Code, or under any written law other than an offence relating to the driving of a motor vehicle set out in the Roads and Road Traffic Act or in any regulations for the time being in force made thereunder; the public prosecutor shall forth with, forward to the Minister responsible for home affairs the particulars of the conviction and sentence and all other particulars specified in the Second Schedule. (Act No. 32 of 1972 and No. 8 of 1974)

Court to send particulars of conviction of non-citizens to Minister responsible for home affairs Cap. 464

Deportation within 34. (1) Where a person is convicted before the High Court of felony, the High Court may, in addition to or in lieu of any other punishment to Zambia- in cases of felony which he is liable, recommend to the President that he be deported to such part of Zambia as the President may direct.

(2) Where upon any sworn information it appears to the High Court that In default of there is reason to believe that any person is about to commit a breach of security for peace the peace or that his conduct is likely to produce or excite to a breach of the peace, the High Court may order him to give security in one or more sureties for peace and good behaviour and in default may order him to be imprisoned until he gives the security ordered, or recommend to the President that he be deported as aforesaid. (3) Where it is shown on oath to the satisfaction of the High Court that In cases of dangerous conduct any person is conducting himself so as to be dangerous to peace and good order in any part of Zambia, or is endeavouring to excite enmity between any section of the people of Zambia and the President or the Government, or between any section of the people of Zambia and any other section of the same, or is intriguing against constituted power and authority in Zambia, or has been convicted in any court of competent jurisdiction within or without Zambia of any offence which would be likely to excite enmity between any section of the people of Zambia and any other section of the same or by any section of the people against such person, the High Court may recommend to the President that an order be made for his deportation to such part of Zambia as may be specified in such order. (4) The powers conferred by this section on the High Court shall also be Powers of subordinate courts exercisable by subordinate courts: Provided however that any exercise of such powers by subordinate courts shall be liable to revision by and must be reported at once to the High Court. (5) Where a court recommends under this section that a person be deported, the President may make an order in accordance with such recommendation: Provided however that if such recommendation is made by a subordinate court, the President shall not make an order for deportation without the approval of the High Court. (6) Any person for whose deportation a recommendation or an order has Detention pending
deportation Approval of High Court

been made may be detained in the nearest convenient prison pending confirmation or otherwise of the recommendation or the carrying out of the order, as the case may be. (As amended by No. 26 of 1933, No. 34 of 1954, G.N. No. 303 of 1964 and S.I. No. 63 of 1964) 35. (1) If a person ordered to be deported to any part of Zambia under Provisions as to sentences of the preceding section is sentenced to any term of imprisonment, such deportation sentence of imprisonment shall be served before the order of deportation is carried into effect. (2) An order for deportation may be expressed to be in force for a time to be limited therein or for an unlimited time and may require the deported person to report himself personally at such place, to such person and at such intervals of time, not being less than thirty days, as may be specified in such order. (3) If a person leaves or attempts to leave the district or place in Zambia to which he has been deported while the order of deportation is still in force without the written consent of the President, which consent may be given subject to any terms as to security for good behaviour or otherwise as to the President may seem good, or wilfully neglects or refuses to report himself as ordered, such person is liable to imprisonment for six months and to be again deported on a fresh warrant under the original order or under a new order. (4) For the purposes of this section, a person shall be deemed to have served a sentence of imprisonment immediately upon his release after earning remission for good behaviour or on licence issued under any written law relating to prisons. (As amended by No. 1 of 1952, No. 34 of 1954, No. 21 of 1959, No. 18 of 1962 and G.N. No. 303 of 1964) 36. With respect to cases where one act constitutes several crimes or where several acts are done in execution of one criminal purpose, the following provisions shall have effect, that is to say: (a) Where a person does several acts against or in respect of one person or thing, each of which acts is a crime but the whole of which
One act constituting several crimes, etc.

Against one person or thing

acts are done in the execution of the same design and in the opinion of the court before which the person is tried form one continuous transaction, the person shall be punished for each act so charged as a separate crime and the court shall upon conviction award a separate punishment for each act. If the court orders imprisonment the order may be for concurrent or consecutive terms of imprisonment: Provided always that(i) if the terms of imprisonment ordered are consecutive, the total of the terms so ordered shall not exceed the maximum term of imprisonment allowed by law in respect of that conviction for which the law allows the longest term; and, if the court orders the payment of fines, the fines may or may not be cumulative; (ii) where the court orders cumulative fines, the total of the fines so ordered shall not exceed the maximum fines allowed by law in respect of that conviction for which the law allows the largest fine. (b) If a person by one act assaults, harms or kills several persons or Against several persons or things in any manner causes injury to several persons or things, he shall on conviction be punished in respect of each person so assaulted, harmed or killed or each person or thing injured; in such case the court shall order a separate punishment in respect of each person assaulted, harmed or killed or in respect of each person or thing injured. If the court orders imprisonment, the order may be for concurrent or consecutive terms of imprisonment: Provided always that(i) if the terms of imprisonment ordered are consecutive, the total of the terms of imprisonment so ordered shall not exceed the maximum term allowed by law in respect of that conviction for which the law allows the longest term; and, if the court orders the payment of fines, the fines may or may not be cumulative; (ii) where the court orders cumulative fines, the total of such fines shall not exceed the maximum allowed by law in respect of that conviction for which the law allows the largest fine. (As amended by No. 23 of 1952 and No. 10 of 2003)

Date from which 37. Except as otherwise in this Coe or in any other written law provided, a sentence of imprisonment takes effect from and includes the sentence takes effect whole of the day on which it was pronounced unless the court shall, at the time of passing sentence, expressly order that it shall take effect from some day prior to that on which it was pronounced;

Provided that such prior day shall not be earlier than the day on which the arrested person was taken into custody for the offence for which sentence is pronounced. (As amended by Act No. 3 of 1990) 38. When in this Code no punishment is specially provided for any misdemeanour, it shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or with a fine or with both.
General punishment for misdemeanours

39. (1) Where any person is convicted of an offence by a court and at Sentences cumulative unless the date of such conviction he has not been sentenced under a prior otherwise directed conviction or his sentence under a prior conviction has not expired, then any sentence imposed by the said court, other than a sentence of death, shall be executed after the expiration of the sentence imposed under the prior conviction, unless the said court otherwise directs. (2) A court may direct that a sentence imposed by it on any person shall be executed concurrently with a sentence or with any part of a sentence imposed on such person under a prior conviction: Provided that it shall not be lawful for a court to direct that a sentence of imprisonment in default of payment of a fine shall be executed concurrently with a sentence imposed in respect of a prior conviction under sub-paragraph (i) of paragraph (c) of section twenty-eight or with any part of such sentence. (No. 18 of 1962 as amended by G.N. No. 268 of 1964 and Act No. 10 of 2003) 40. (1) When sentence is passed under this Code on an escaped convict, such sentence, if of death or fine, shall, subject to the provisions of this code, take effect immediately, and if of imprisonment, shall take effect according to the following rules, that is to say:
Escaped convicts to serve unexpired sentences when recaptured

(a) if the new sentence is severer than the sentence which such convict was undergoing when he escaped, the new sentence shall take effect immediately and he shall serve any period of imprisonment in respect of his former sentence which remained unexpired at the time of his escape after he has completed serving his new sentence; (b) when the new sentence is not severer than the sentence the convict was undergoing when he escaped, the new sentence shall take effect after he has suffered imprisonment for a further period equal to that part of his former sentence which remained unexpired at the time of his escape. (2) For the purposes of this section, a sentence of imprisonment for whatever period with hard labour shall be deemed severer than a sentence of imprisonment for whatever period without hard labour and, where the conditions as to labour are the same, a longer sentence shall be deemed severer than a shorter sentence. (Amended by Act No. 26 of 1940 and Act No. 10 of 2003) 41. (1) Where a court by or before which a person is convicted of an offence, not being an offence the sentence for which is fixed by law, is of opinion, having regard to the circumstances including the nature of the offence and the character of the offender, that it is inexpedient to inflict punishment and that a probation order under the Probation of Offenders Act is not appropriate, the court may make an order discharging him absolutely or subject to the condition that he commits no offence during such period, not exceeding twelve months from the date of the order, as may be specified therein. (2) An order discharging a person subject to such a condition as aforesaid is in this section and in section forty-two referred to as "an order for conditional discharge", and the period specified in any such order as "the period of conditional discharge". (3) Before making an order for conditional discharge, the court shall explain to the offender in ordinary language that if he commits another offence during the period of conditional discharge he will be liable to be sentenced for the original offence. (4) A court may, on making an order for conditional discharge, if it
Cap. 88 Absolute and conditional discharge Cap. 93

thinks it expedient for the purpose of the reformation of the offender, allow any person who consents to do so to execute a bond for the good behaviour of the offender; and the provisions of section sixty of the Criminal Procedure Code shall apply in relation to the forfeiture of any such bond. (5) Subject as hereinafter provided, a conviction for an offence for which an order is made under this section discharging the offender absolutely or conditionally shall not be deemed to be a conviction for any purpose other than the purposes of the proceedings in which the order is made and of any further proceedings which may be taken against the offender under section forty-two. (6) The foregoing provisions of this section shall not affect(a) any right of any such offender as aforesaid to appeal against his conviction, or to rely thereon in bar of any subsequent proceedings for the same offence; (b) the revesting or restoration of any property in consequence of the conviction of any such offender. (7) Where, under the provisions of section forty-two, a person conditionally discharged under this section is sentenced for the offence in respect of which the order for conditional discharge was made, that order shall cease to have effect. (No. 18 of 1962) 42. (1) If it appears to any Judge or magistrate that an offender against whom an order for conditional discharge has been made has been convicted of an offence during the period of conditional discharge, he may issue a summons requiring the offender to appear at the place and time specified therein or may issue a warrant for his arrest:
Commission of further offences by offender against whom an order for conditional discharge has been made

Provided that a magistrate shall not issue such a summons or warrant except on information on oath. (2) A summons or warrant issued under subsection (1) shall direct the

offender to appear or to be brought before the court by which the order for conditional discharge was made. (3) Where an offender is convicted by a magistrate of an offence committed during the period of conditional discharge, the magistrate may commit the offender to custody or release him on bail, with or without sureties, until he can be brought or appear before the court by which the order of conditional discharge was made. (4) Where a magistrate commits an offender to custody, or releases him on bail, under the provisions of subsection (3), he shall transmit to the court by which the order for conditional discharge was made(a) such particulars of the matter as he thinks fit; and

(b) a signed certificate of the conviction for the offence committed during the period of conditional discharge; and for the purposes of the proceedings in the court to which it is transmitted, such certificate, if purporting to be so signed, shall be admitted as evidence of the conviction. (5) Where it is proved to the satisfaction of the court by which an order for conditional discharge was made that the offender has been convicted of an offence committed during the period of conditional discharge, such court may deal with him in respect of the original offence in any manner in which it could deal with him if he had just then been convicted before the court of such original offence. (6) Where an offender is convicted before the High Court of an offence committed during the period of conditional discharge, the High Court may deal with him in respect of the original offence in any manner in which the court which made the order for conditional discharge could deal with him if he had just then been convicted before that court of such original offence. (No. 18 of 1962) PART II-CRIMES DIVISION I

OFFENCES AGAINST PUBLIC ORDER CHAPTER VII TREASON AND OTHER OFFENCES 43. (1) A person is guilty of treason and shall be liable to suffer death who(a) prepares or endeavours to overthrow by unlawful means the Government as by law established; or (b) prepares or endeavours to procure by force any alteration of the law or the policies of the Government; or (c) prepares or endeavours to procure by force the setting up of an independent state in any part of Zambia or the secession of any part of Zambia from the Republic; or (d) prepares or endeavours to carry out by force any enterprise which usurps the executive power of the State in any matter of both a public and a general nature; or (e) incites or assists any person to invade Zambia with armed force or unlawfully to submit any part of Zambia to attack by land, water or air, to assist in the preparation of any such invasion or attack; or (f) in time of war and with intent to give assistance to the enemy, does any act which is likely to give such assistance. (2) In paragraphs (b), (c) and (d) of subsection (1), "by force" means either(a) by force used in such a manner as, whether by reason of the number of persons involved or the means used or both, to imperil or be likely to imperil the safety of the State or to cause or be likely to cause death or grievous harm or serious damage to property; or (b) by a show of force calculated to arouse reasonable apprehension that force will be used in such a manner as is described in paragraph (a).
Treason

(3) A person who is not a citizen of Zambia shall not be punishable under this section for anything done outside Zambia, but a citizen of Zambia may be tried and punished for an offence under this section as if it had been committed within the jurisdiction of the court. (No. 6 of 1965) 44. (a) Any person whobecomes an accessory after the fact to treason; or
Concealment of treason

(b) knowing that any person intends to commit treason, does not give information thereof with all reasonable despatch to the President, the Vice-President, a Minister, a Deputy Minister, an Administrative Officer or a police officer, or use other reasonable endeavours to prevent the commission of the offence; is guilty of the felony termed misprision of treason and is liable to imprisonment for life. (As amended by No. 6 of 1965) 45. A person is guilty of treason-felony and shall be liable to imprisonment for twenty years who(a) prepares or endeavours to procure by unlawful means any alterations of the law or the policies of the Government; or (b) prepares or endeavours to carry out by unlawful means any enterprise which usurps the executive power of the State in any matter of both a public and a general nature. (No. 6 of 1965)
Promoting tribal 46. Any person who, without lawful authority, carries on, or makes war preparation for carrying on, or aids in or advises the carrying on of, or preparation for, any war or warlike undertaking with, for, by, or against any chief, or with, for, by, or against any tribal group, is guilty of a felony, and is liable to imprisonment for life. Treason-felony

47.

Repealed by Act No. 35 of 1973.

48. Any person who advisedly attempts to effect any of the following purposes, that is to say: (a) to seduce any person serving in the Defence Force or any member of the Zambia Police Force from his duty and allegiance to the President; or (b) to incite any such persons to commit an act of mutiny or any traitorous or mutinous act; or (c) to incite any such persons to make or endeavour to make a mutinous assembly; is guilty of a felony, and is liable to imprisonment for life. (As amended by S.I. No. 63 of 1964) 49. (a) Any person whoaids, abets, or is accessory to, any act of mutiny by; or

Inciting to mutiny

Aiding soldiers or police in acts of mutiny

(b) incites to sedition or to disobedience to any lawful order given by a superior officer; any non-commissioned officer or private of the Defence Force or any member of the Zambia Police Force, is guilty of a misdemeanour. 50. Any person who, by any means whatever, directly or indirectlyInducing soldiers or police to desert

(a) procures or persuades or attempts to procure or persuade to desert; or (b) aids, abets, or is accessory to the desertion of; or (c) having reason to believe he is a deserter, harbours or aids in concealing; any non-commissioned officer or private of the Defence Force or any member of the Zambia Police Force, is guilty of a misdemeanour and is liable to imprisonment for six months. 51. Any person who-

(a) knowingly and advisedly aids an alien enemy of the Republic, being a prisoner of war in Zambia, whether such prisoner is confined in a prison or elsewhere, or is suffered to be at large on his parole, to escape from his prison or place of confinement, or if he is at large on his parole,

Aiding prisoners of war to escape

to escape from Zambia, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for life; (b) negligently and unlawfully permits the escape of any such person as is mentioned in paragraph (a), is guilty of a misdemeanour. 52. In the case of any of the offences defined in this Chapter, when the Definition of overt manifestation by an overt act of an intention to effect any purpose is an act element of the offence, every act of conspiring with any person to effect that purpose, and every act done in furtherance of the purpose by any of the persons conspiring, is deemed to be an overt act manifesting the intention. 53. (1) If the President is of the opinion that there is in any publication Prohibited publications or series of publications published within or without Zambia by any person or association of persons matter which is contrary to the public interest, he may, in his absolute discretion, by order published in the Gazette and in such local newspapers as he may consider necessary, declare that that particular publication or series of publications, or all publications or any class of publication specified in the order published by that person or association of persons, shall be a prohibited publication or prohibited publications, as the case may be. (2) If an order made under the provisions of subsection (1) specifies by name a publication which is a periodical publication, such order shall, unless a contrary intention be expressed therein, have effect(a) with respect to all subsequent issues of such publication; and

(b) not only with respect to any publication under that name, but also with respect to any publication published under any other name if the publishing thereof is in any respect a continuation of, or in substitution for, the publishing of the publication named in the order. (3) If an order made under the provisions of subsection (1) declares that all publications published by a specified person or association of persons shall be prohibited publications, such order shall, unless a contrary intention be expressed therein, have effect not only with respect to all publications published by that person or association of persons before the date of the order but also with respect to all publications so published on or after such date.

(4) An order made under the provisions of subsection (1) shall, unless a contrary intention is expressed therein, apply to any translation into any language whatsoever of the publication specified in the order. (5) Where an order has been made under subsection (1) declaring any series of publications or all or any class of publications published by any person or association of persons to be prohibited publications or specifying by name a publication which is a periodical publication, any person who wishes to import into Zambia any particular publication affected by such order may apply to the competent authority for a permit in that behalf and, unless the competent authority is satisfied that the publication contains matter which is contrary to the public interest, he shall grant such a permit and the order shall thereupon cease to have effect with respect to that publication. (6) Any person whose application to the competent authority under subsection (5) has been refused may appeal in writing against such refusal to the President whose decision thereon shall be final. (7) For the purpose of this section and of any prosecution in respect of a prohibited publication, any publication which purports to be printed or published outside Zambia by any person or association of persons shall, unless and until the contrary is proved, be deemed to be published outside Zambia by such person or persons. (No. 9 of 1954 as amended by Nos. 34 and 36 of 1960, No. 18 of 1962 and G.N. No. 303 of 1964) 54. (1) Any person who imports, publishes, sells, offers for sale, distributes, or reproduces any prohibited publication or any extract therefrom, is guilty of an offence and is liable for a first offence to imprisonment for two years or to a fine not exceeding three thousand penalty units or to both, and for a subsequent offence to imprisonment for three years; and such publication or extract therefrom shall be forfeited to the President on behalf of the Government. (2) Any person who, without lawful excuse, has in his possession any prohibited publication or any extract therefrom, is guilty of an offence and is laible for a first offence to imprisonment for one year or to a fine not exceeding one thousand and five hundred penalty units or to both, and for subsequent offence to imprisonment for two years; and such
Offences in respect of prohibited publications

publication or extract therefrom shall be forfeited to the President on behalf of the Government. (No. 48 of 1938 as amended by No. 9 of 1954, S.I. No. 63 of 1964 and Act No. 13 of 1994) 55. (1) Any person to whom any prohibited publication or any extract therefrom is sent without his knowledge or privity or in response to a request made before the publication was declared to be a prohibited publication, or who has in his possession any prohibited publication or extract therefrom at the date when the publication is declared to be a prohibited publication, shall forthwith if or as soon as the nature of the contents thereof have become known to him, or in the case of a publication or extract therefrom which is in the possession of such person before an order declaring it to be a prohibited publication has been made, forthwith upon the making of such an order, deliver such publication or extract therefrom at the nearest police station of which an officer of or above the rank of Sub Inspector is in charge or to the nearest Administrative Officer, and in default thereof he is guilty of an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding one thousand and five hundred penalty units or to imprisonment for a period not exceeding one year, or to both, and such publication or extract therefrom shall be forfeited. (2) This section shall not apply to a public officer who receives or is in possession of a prohibited publication or extract therefrom in the course of his duties as such officer. (3) A person who complies with the provisions of subsection (1) or is convicted of an offence under that subsection shall not be liable to prosecution for an offence under section fifty-four. (No. 9 of 1954 as amended by S.I. No. 63 of 1964, No. 24 of 1977 and Act No. 13 of 1994) 56. (1) Any of the following officers, that is to say: (a) any officer of the General Post Office not below the rank of postmaster; (b) any officer of the Department of Customs and Excise not below the rank of collector;
Power to examine packages Delivery of prohibited publication to police station

(c) (d)

any police officer not below the rank of Sub Inspector; any other officer authorised in that behalf by the President;

may detain, open and examine any package or article which he suspects to contain any prohibited publication or extract therefrom, and during such examination may detain any person importing, distributing, or posting such package or article or in whose possession such package or article is found. (2) If any such publication or extract therefrom is found in such package or article, the whole package or article may be impounded and retained by the officer, and the person importing, distributing, or posting it, or in whose possession it is found, may forthwith be arrested and proceeded against for the commission of an offence under section fifty-four or fifty-five, as the case may be. (No. 48 of 1938 as amended by No. 9 of 1954, G.N. No. 303 of 1964 and Act No. 24 of 1977) 57. (1) Any person who(a) does or attempts to do, or makes any preparation to do, or conspires with any person to do, any act with a seditious intention; (b) utters any seditious words;
Offences in respect of seditious practices

(c) prints, publishes, sells, offers for sale, distributes or reproduces any seditious publication; (d) imports any seditious publication, unless he has no reason to believe that it is seditious; is guilty of an offence and is liable for a first offence to imprisonment for seven years or to a fine not exceeding six thousand penalty units or to both; and any seditious publication shall be forfeited. (2) Any person who, without lawful excuse, has in his possession any seditious publication is guilty of an offence and is liable for a first offence to imprisonment for two years or to a fine not exceeding three thousand penalty units or to both, and for a subsequent offence to imprisonment for five years; and such publication shall be forfeited.

(No. 48 of 1938 as amended by No. 29 of 1959, No.6 of 1965 and Act No. 13 of 1994) 58. A person shall not be prosecuted for an offence under section fifty-seven without the written consent of the Director of Public Prosecutions. (No. 48 of 1938 as amended by No. 6 of 1965) 59. No person shall be convicted of an offence under section fifty-seven on the uncorroborated testimony of one witness. (No. 48 of 1938) 60. (1) A seditious intention is an intention(a) to advocate the desirability of overthrowing by unlawful means the Government as by law established; or (b) to bring into hatred or contempt or to excite disaffection against the Government as by law established; or (c) to excite the people of Zambia to attempt to procure the alteration, otherwise than by lawful means, of any other matter in Zambia as by law established; or (d) to bring into hatred or contempt or to excite disaffection against the administration of justice in Zambia; or (e) or to raise discontent or disaffection among the people of Zambia;
Seditious intention Evidence Legal proceedings

(f) to promote feelings of ill will or hostility between different communities or different parts of a community; or (g) to promote feelings of ill will or hostility between different classes of the population of Zambia; or (h) to advocate the desirability of any part of Zambia becoming an independent state or otherwise seceding from the Republic; or (i) to incite violence or any offence prejudicial to public order or in

disturbance of the public peace; or (j) to incite resistance, either active or passive, or disobedience to any law or the administration thereof: Provided that an intention, not being an intention manifested in such a manner as to effect or be likely to effect any of the purposes mentioned in the aforegoing provisions of this subsection, shall not be taken to be seditious if it is an intention(i) to show that the Government have been misled or mistaken in any of their measures; or (ii) to point out errors or defects in the Government or Constitution as by law established or in legislation or in the administration of justice, with a view to the reformation of such errors or defects; or (iii) to persuade the people of Zambia to attempt to procure by lawful means the alteration of any matter in Zambia as by law established; or (iv) to point out, with a view to their removal, any matters which are producing or have a tendency to produce feelings of ill will or hostility between different classes of the population of Zambia. (2) In determining whether the intention with which any act was done, any words were spoken, or any document was published, was or was not seditious, every person shall be deemed to intend the consequences which would naturally follow from his conduct at the time and under the circumstances in which he so conducted himself. (3) For the purposes of paragraph (f) of subsection (1), "community" includes any body or group of persons having a common tribal or racial origin. (No. 48 of 1938 as amended by No. 2 of 1955, No. 53 of 1957, No. 34 of 1960, No. 20 of 1964, No. 6 of 1965 and No. 36 of 1969) 61. (1) In any prosecution for publishing a seditious publication where it is proved that the publication has been published, the following persons shall be deemed to have published such publication: (a) in the case of a publication of a society, the office-bearers of the society; (b) any person referred to in the publication as being the editor,
Persons deemed to have published a seditious publication

assistant editor or author of such publication; (c) (d) any person who is proved to be the editor of such publication; any person who is proved to have published such publication.

(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (1), where any person mentioned in paragraph (a), (b) or (c) of the said subsection is prosecuted for publishing a seditious publication, it shall be a sufficient defence if he proves to the satisfaction of the court that the seditious publication was published without his consent and that the publication of the seditious publication did not arise from want of due care or caution on his part. (3) A publication shall be treated as being the publication of a society if(a) it professes by name or otherwise to be a publication of or under the sponsorship of the society; (b) it is published or disseminated by or under the direction or guidance of the society or by any person as an office-bearer of the society. (4) In any prosecution for publishing a seditious publication, publication by or under the sponsorship of any branch, party or organ of a society shall be deemed to be a publication by the main society and by any headquarters branch of such society. (5) For the purposes of this section, "office-bearer" and "society" shall have the meaning assigned to them in the Societies Act. (No. 18 of 1962) 62. For the purposes of sections fifty-three to sixty-one both inclusive- Interpretation "competent authority" means the person appointed as such by the President; "import" includesCap. 119

(a)

to bring into Zambia; and

(b) to bring within the inland waters of Zambia, whether or not the publication is brought ashore, and whether or not there is an intention to bring the same ashore; "periodical publication" includes every publication issued periodically or in parts or numbers at intervals, whether regular or irregular; "prohibited publication" means any publication in respect of which an order has been made under the provisions of section fifty-three; "public interest" means the interest of defence, public safety, public order, public morality or public health; "publication" includes all written or printed matter and everything, whether of a nature similar to written or printed matter or not, containing any visible representation, or by its form, shape, or in any manner capable of suggesting words or ideas, or gramophone record, or other similar means of reproducing speech, and every copy and reproduction of any publication; "seditious publication" means a publication containing any word, sign or visible presentation expressive of a seditious intention; and "seditious words" means words having a seditious intention. (No. 48 of 1938 as amended by No. 9 of 1954, No. 18 of 1962, G.N. No. 303 of 1964 and No. 6 of 1965) 63. Any person whoUnlawful oaths to commit capital offences

(a) administers, or is present at and consents to the administering of, any oath, or engagement in the nature of an oath, purporting to bind the person who takes it to commit any offence punishable with death; or (b) so; takes any such oath or engagement, not being compelled to do

is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for life. 64. Any person whoOther unlawful oaths to commit offences

(a) administers, or is present at and consents to the administering of, any oath, or engagement in the nature of an oath, purporting to bind the

person who takes it to act in any of the ways following, that is to say: (i) (ii) (iii) to engage in any mutinous or seditious enterprise; to commit any offence not punishable with death; to disturb the public peace;

(iv) to be of any association, society or confederacy, formed for the purpose of doing any such act as aforesaid; (v) to obey the orders or commands of any committee or body of men not lawfully constituted, or of any leader or commander or other person not having authority by law for that purpose; (vi) not to inform or give evidence against any associate, confederate or other person; (vii) not to reveal or discovery any unlawful association, society or confederacy, or any illegal act done or to be done, or any illegal oath or engagement that may have been administered or tendered to or taken by himself or any other person, or the import of any such oath or engagement; or (b) so; takes any such oath or engagement, not being compelled to do

is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years. 65. A person who takes any such oath or engagement as is mentioned Compulsion: how in the two last preceding sections cannot set up as a defence that he was far a defence compelled to do so, unless within fourteen days after taking it, or, if he is prevented by actual force or sickness, within fourteen days after the termination of such prevention, he declares by information on oath before a magistrate, or, if he is on actual service in the Defence Force or in the Zambia Police Force, either by such information or by information to his commanding officer, the whole of what he knows concerning the matter, including the person or persons by whom and in whose presence, and the place where, and the time when, the oath or engagement was administered or taken. 66. (1) Any person whoUnlawful drilling

(a) without the permission of the President, trains or drills any other person to the use of arms or the practice of military exercises, movements, or evolutions; or (b) is present at any meeting or assembly of persons, held without the permission of the President, for the purpose of training or drilling any other persons to the use of arms or the practice of military exercises, movements, or evolutions; is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years. (2) Any person who, at any meeting or assembly held without the permission of the President, is trained or drilled to the use of arms or the practice of military exercises, movements, or evolutions, or who is present at any such meeting or assembly for the purpose of being so trained or drilled, is guilty of a misdemeanour. (As amended by G.N. No. 303 of 1964 and S.I. No. 63 of 1964) 67. (1) Any person who publishes, whether orally or in writing or otherwise, any statement, rumour or report which is likely to cause fear and alarm to the public or to disturb the public peace, knowing or having reason to believe that such statement, rumour or report is false, is guilty of a misdemeanour and is liable to imprisonment for three years. (2) It shall be no defence to a charge under subsection (1) that he did not know or did not have reason to believe that the statement, rumour or report was false, unless he proves that, prior to publication, he took reasonable measures to verify the accuracy of such statement, rumour or report. (No. 48 of 1938 as amended by No. 7 of 1958) 68. Any person who does any act or utters any words or publishes any Insulting the national anthem writing, with intent to insult or bring into contempt or ridicule the official national anthem of Zambia, is guilty of an offence and is liable on conviction to imprisonment for a period not exceeding two years. (No. 6 of 1965) 69. Any person who, with intent to bring the President into hatred, ridicule or contempt, publishes any defamatory or insulting matter, whether by writing, print, word of mouth or in any other manner, is
Defamation of President Publication of false news with intent to cause fear and alarm to the public

guilty of an offence and is liable on conviction to imprisonment for a period not exceeding three years. (No. 6 of 1965) 70. (1) Any person who utters any words or publishes any writing expressing or showing hatred, ridicule or contempt for any person or group of persons wholly or mainly because of his or their race, tribe, place of origin or colour is guilty of an offence and is liable on conviction to imprisonment for a period not exceeding two years. (2) A person shall not be prosecuted for an offence under this section without the written consent of the Director of Public Prosecutions. (No. 6 of 1965) CHAPTER VIII OFFENCES AFFECTING RELATIONS WITH FOREIGN STATES AND EXTERNAL TRANQUILITY 71. Any person who, without such justification or excuse as would be Defamation of foreign princes sufficient in the case of the defamation of a private person, publishes anything intended to be read, or any sign or visible representation, tending to degrade, revile or expose to hatred or contempt any foreign prince, potentate, ambassador or other foreign dignitary with intent to disturb peace and friendship between Zambia and the country to which such prince, potentate, ambassador or dignitary belongs, is guilty of a misdemeanour. (As amended by S.I. No. 63 of 1964) 72. Any person commits a misdemeanour who does any of the following acts without the authority of the President, that is to say: (a) who prepares or fits out any naval or military expedition to proceed against the dominions of any friendly state, or is engaged in such preparation or fitting-out, or assists therein, or is employed in any capacity in such expedition; or (b) who, being a Zambian subject, accepts or agrees to accept any commission or engagement in the military or naval service of any foreign state at war with any friendly state, or, whether a Zambian subject or not, induces any other person to accept or agree to accept any commission or engagement in the military or naval service of any
Foreign enlistment Expressing or showing hatred, ridicule or contempt for persons because of race, tribe, place of origin or colour

foreign state as aforesaid; or (c) who, being a Zambian subject, quits or goes on board any vessel with a view of quitting Zambia, with intent to accept any commission or engagement in the military or naval service of any foreign state at war with a friendly state, or, whehter a Zambian subject or not, induces any other person to quit or to go on board any vessel with a view of quitting Zambia with the like intent; or (d) who, being the master or owner of any vessel, knowingly either takes on board, or engages to take on board, or has on board such vessel any illegally enlisted person; or (e) who, with intent or knowledge, or having reasonable cause to believe that the same will be employed in the military or naval service of any foreign state at war with any friendly state builds, agrees to build, causes to be built, equips, despatches, or causes or allows to be despatched, any vessel, or issues or delivers any commission for any vessel: Provided that a person building, causing to be built or equipping a vessel in any of the cases aforesaid, in pursuance of a contract made before the commencement of such war as aforesaid, is not liable to any of the penalties specified in this section in respect of such building or equipping if(i) upon a proclamation of neutrality being issued by the President, he forthwith gives notice to the President or the Minister responsible for foreign affairs that he is so building, causing to be built, or equipping such vessel, and furnishes such particulars of the contract and of any matters relating to, or done, or to be done under the contract as may be required by the President or the Minister responsible for foreign affairs; and (ii) he gives such security, and takes and permits to be taken such other measures, if any, as the President or the Minister responsible for foreign affairs may prescribe for ensuring that such vessel shall not be despatched, delivered, or removed without the licence of the President until the termination of such war as aforesaid. (As amended by S.I. No. 63 of 1964) 73. Any person who is guilty of piracy or any crime connected with or Piracy relating or akin to piracy is liable to be tried and punished according to the law of England for the time being in force.

CHAPTER IX UNLAWFUL ASSEMBLIES, RIOTS AND OTHER OFFENCES AGAINST PUBLIC TRANQUILITY 74. (1) When three or more persons assemble with intent to commit an Definition of unlawful assembly offence, or being assembled with intent to carry out some common purpose, conduct themselves in such a manner as to cause persons in the neighbourhood reasonably to fear that the persons so assembled will commit a breach of the peace, or will by such assembly needlessly and without any reasonable occasion provoke other persons to commit a breach of the peace, they are an unlawful assembly. It is immaterial that the original assembling was lawful if, being assembled, they conduct themselves with a common purpose in such a manner as aforesaid. (2) When an unlawful assembly has begun to execute a common purpose by a breach of the peace and to the terror of the public, the assembly is called a riot, and the persons assembled are said to be riotously assembled. (As amended by No. 20 of 1964) 75. Any person who takes part in an unlawful assembly is guilty of a misdemeanour and is liable to imprisonment for five years. (As amended by No. 26 of 1961) 76. Any person who takes part in a riot is guilty of a misdemeanour and Punishment of riot is liable to imprisonment for seven years. (As amended by No. 26 of 1961) 77. Any magistrate, or any police officer of or above the rank of Inspector, or any commissioned officer in the Defence Force, in whose view twelve or more persons are riotously assembled, or who apprehends that a riot is about to be committed by twelve or more persons assembled within his view, may make or cause to be made a proclamation in the President's name, in such form as he thinks fit, commanding the rioters or persons so assembled to disperse peaceably. (As amended by No. 1 of 1956 and S.I. No. 63 of 1964) 78. If upon the expiration of a reasonable time after such proclamation Dispersion of
rioters after Making proclamation for rioters to disperse Punishment of unlawful assembly Definition of riot

is made, or after the making of such proclamation has been prevented by proclamation made force, twelve or more persons continue riotously assembled together, any person authorised to make proclamation, or any police officer, or any other person acting in aid of such person or police officer, may do all things necessary for dispersing the persons so continuing assembled, or for apprehending them or any of them, and, if any person makes resistance, may use all such force as is reasonably necessary for overcoming such resistance, and shall not be liable in any criminal or civil proceeding for having, by the use of such force, caused harm or death to any person. 79. If proclamation is made, commanding the persons engaged in a riot, or assembled with the purpose of committing a riot, to disperse, every person who, at or after the expiration of a reasonable time from the making of such proclamation, takes or continues to take part in the riot or assembly, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for ten years. (As amended by No. 26 of 1961) 80. Any person who forcibly prevents or obstructs the making of such proclamation as is in section seventy-seven mentioned, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for ten years; and if the making of the proclamation is so prevented, every person who, knowing that it has been so prevented, takes or continues to take part in the riot or assembly, is liable to imprisonment for ten years. (As amended by No. 26 of 1961) 81. Any persons who, being riotously assembled together, unlawfully Rioters demolishing pull down or destroy, or begin to pull down or destroy any building, buildings, etc. railway, machinery or structures are guilty of a felony and each of them is liable to imprisonment for life. 82. Any persons who, being riotously assembled together, unlawfully Rioters injuring buildings, etc. damage any of the things in the last preceding section mentioned, are guilty of a felony and each of them is liable to imprisonment for seven years. 83. All persons are guilty of a misdemeanour who, being riotously assembled, unlawfully and with force prevent, hinder or obstruct the loading or unloading of any railway, motor or other vehicle or vessel, or
Riotously interferring with railway, vehicle, etc. Rioting after proclamation

Preventing or obstructing the making of proclamation

the starting or transit of any railway, motor or other vehicle, or the sailing or navigating of any vessel, or unlawfully and with force board any railway, motor or other vehicle or any vessel with intent so to do. 84. Any person who goes armed in public, without lawful occasion, in Going armed in public such a manner as to cause terror to any person is guilty of a misdemeanour and his arms may be forfeited. 85. (1) Any person who, without lawful authority or excuse, the proof whereof shall lie upon him, has in his possession or in or upon any premises occupied by him any offensive weapon or any offensive material is guilty of an offence and is liable on conviction to imprisonment for a period not exceeding seven years. (2) A police officer may arrest without warrant any person whom he has reasonable cause to believe to be committing an offence under this section. (3) A person shall not be prosecuted for an offence under this section without the written consent of the Director of Public Prosecutions. (4) In this section"offensive material" means any substance, material or article made or adapted for use for causing or threatening injury to the person or property, or intended by the person in question for such use, and includes(a) (b) (c) any explosive as defined in the Explosives Act; any ammunition as defined in the Firearms Act; any inflammable liquid or substance, and any acid or gas.
Cap. 115 Cap. 110 Possession of offensive weapons or materials

(No. 36 of 1969) 86. (1) Any person who, in order to take possession thereof, enters on any land or tenements in a violent manner, whether such violence consists in actual force applied to any other person or in threats or in breaking open any house or in collecting an unusual number of people,
Forcible entry

is guilty of the misdemeanour termed "forcible entry". (2) It is immaterial whether he is entitled to enter on the land or not, provided that a person who enters upon lands or tenements of his own, but which are in the custody of his servant or bailiff, does not commit the offence of forcible entry. 87. Any person who, being in actual possession of land without colour Forcible detainer of right, holds possession of it, in a manner likely to cause a breach of the peace or reasonable apprehension of a breach of the peace, against a person entitled by law to the possession of the land, is guilty of the misdemeanour termed "forcible detainer". 88. Any person who takes part in a fight in a public place is guilty of a Affray misdemeanour and is liable to imprisonment for six months or to a fine not exceeding seven hundred and fifty penalty units. (As amended by Act No. 13 of 1994) 89. Any person who challenges another to fight a duel, or attempts to provoke another to fight a duel, or attempts to provoke any person to challenge another to fight a duel, is guilty of a misdemeanour. 90. Any person whoChallenge to fight a duel

(a) threatens another with any injury to his person or property with intent to cause alarm to that person, or to cause that person to do any act which he is not legally bound to do, or to omit to do any act which that person is legally entitled to do, as a means of avoiding the execution of such threat; or (b) discharges loaded firearms or commits any breach of the peace with intent to alarm any person; is guilty of a misdemeanour and is liable to imprisonment for five years. (No. 28 of 1937 as amended by No. 26 of 1961) *91. (1) Any person who, without lawful excuse, to any assembly makes any statement indicating or implying that it would be incumbent or desirable*On the expiry of Act No. 70 of 1953, the text of this section set out in

Threatening violence

Proposing violence or breaches of the law to assemblies

Act No. 22 of 1953 will be substituted. (a) to do any acts calculated to bring death or physical injury to any person or to any class or community of persons; or (b) to do any acts calculated to lead to destruction or damage to any property; or (c) to commit an offence against any law in force in Zambia or in any part thereof; is guilty of an offence and is liable to imprisonment for seven years: Provided that a statement which expresses mere disapproval of a law shall, to that extent only, be held not to be a statement which indicates or implies that it would be incumbent or desirable to commit an offence against such law. (2) A person shall not be prosecuted for an offence under paragraph (c) of subsection (1) without the written consent of the Director of Public Prosecutions. *On the expiry of Act No. 70 of 1953, the text of this section set out in Act No. 22 of 1953 will be substituted. (3) For the purposes of this section, an assembly means a gathering of three or more persons. (No. 70 of 1953 as amended by No. 26 of 1961 and S.I. No. 63 of 1964)
Wrongfully 92. (1) Whenever the President is satisfied that any boycott is being conducted or is threatened or likely to be conducted in Zambia with the inducing a boycott intention or effect of-

(a) bringing into hatred or contempt, exciting disaffection against or undermining the lawful authority of the Government, or a local authority, or of persuading any such body to alter any law or rule, to appoint or dissolve any commission or committee or to take any action which it is not by law required to take; (b) endangering law and order in the Republic;

(c)

bringing the economic life of the Republic into jeopardy; or

(d) raising discontent or disaffection among the inhabitants of Zambia or engendering feelings of ill will or hostility between different classes or different races of the population of Zambia; he may, by statutory notice, designate such boycott for the purposes of this section and may, by the same or in a subsequent such notice, specify in relation to a designated boycott any action which he is satisfied is likely to further that boycott, including (but without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power) any action falling within any of the following classes of action, that is to say: (i) abstaining from buying goods from or selling goods to any person or class of persons; or (ii) abstaining from buying or selling any goods or class of goods; or (iii) abstaining from entering or approaching or dealing at any premises at which any person or class of person carries on trade or business; or (iv) abstaining from dealing with any person or class of person in the course of his trade or business or abstaining from using or providing any service or class of service; or (v) abstaining from working for or employing any person or class of person; or (vi) abstaining from letting, hiring or allowing the use of any land or building to any person or class of person; or (vii) abstaining from doing any other act which may lawfully be done. (2) Any person who, with intent to further any designated boycott(a) (b) by word of mouth; or by making a publication as defined in subsection (6);

advises, induces or persuades or attempts to advise, induce or persuade any person or class of person to take any action which has been specified in relation to such boycott under the provisions of subsection (1), is guilty of an offence and is liable to imprisonment for a period not exceeding six months. (3) For the purposes of this section, in determining whether any words

were spoken or any publication was made with intent to further a designated boycott, every person shall, unless the contrary be proved, be deemed to intend the consequences which would naturally follow from his conduct at the time and the circumstances in which he so conducts himself.
Cap. 269 (4) Nothing in this section shall be construed so as to make unlawful any action lawfully taken by a party to a trade dispute as defined in the Industrial and Labour Relations Act, in contemplation or in furtherance of such dispute.

(5) Where any person is charged before any court with an offence under this section, no further proceedings in respect thereof shall be taken against him without the consent of the Director of Public Prosecutions, except such as the court may think necessary by remanding (whether in custody or on bail) or otherwise to secure the due appearance of the person charged, so however, that if such person is remanded in custody, he shall, after the expiration of a period of fourteen days from the date on which he was so remanded, be entitled to be discharged from custody on entering a recognizance without sureties, unless within such period the Director of Public Prosecutions has consented to such further proceedings as aforesaid. (6) For the purposes of this section, "publication" has the meaning given to it by section sixty-two, and a person is said to make a publication if he prints, publishes, sells, distributes or reproduces such publication. (7) For the purposes of this section, "boycott" means the withholding by a combination of persons of all relations or any particular relations from any person or class of persons. (No. 29 of 1959 as amended by G.N. No. 268 of 1964, S.I. No. 63 of 1964 and No. 69 of 1965) 93. Any persons who assemble together, to the number of two or more, Assembling for for the purpose of unshipping, carrying, or concealing any goods subject the purpose of to customs duty and liable to forfeiture under any written law relating to smuggling customs, are guilty of a misdemeanour and each of them is liable to imprisonment for six months or to a fine not exceeding three thousand penalty units.

(As amended by Act No. 13 of 1994) DIVISION II OFFENCES AGAINST THE ADMINISTRATION OF LAWFUL AUTHORITY CHAPTER X OFFENCES AGAINST THE ADMINISTRATION OF LAWFUL AUTHORITY 94. 95. 96. Repealed by Act 14 of 1980 Repealed by Act 14 of 1980 Repealed by Act 14 of 1980
Officers charged with administration of property of a special character of with special duties

97. Any person who, being employed in the public service, and being charged by virtue of his employment with any judicial or administrative duties respecting property of a special character, or respecting the carrying on of any manufacture, trade or business of a special character, and having acquired or holding, directly or indirectly, a private interest in any such property, manufacture, trade or business, discharges any such duties with respect to the property, manufacture, trade or business in which he has such interest or with respect to the conduct of any person in relation thereto, is guilty of a misdemeanour and is liable to imprisonment for one year.

98. Any person who, being employed in the public service in such a False claims by capacity as to require him or to enable him to furnish returns or officials statements touching any sum payable or claimed to be payable to himself or to any other person, or touching any other matter required to be certified for the purpose of any payment of money or delivery of goods to be made to any person, makes a return or statement touching any such matter which is, to his knowledge, false in any material particular, is guilty of a misdemeanour. 99. (1) Any person who, being employed in the public service, does or Abuse of

directs to be done, in abuse of the authority of his office, any arbitrary act prejudicial to the rights or interests of the Government or any other person, is guilty of a misdemeanour. If the act is done or directed to be done for purposes of gain, he is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for three years. (2) A prosecution for any offence under this or either of the two last preceding sections shall not be instituted except by or with the sanction of the Director of Public Prosecutions. (As amended by S.I. No. 63 of 1964 and Act No 29 of 1976)

authority of office

100. Any person who, being authorised or required by law to give any False certificates by public officers certificate touching any matter by virtue whereof the rights of any person may be prejudicially affected, gives a certificate which is, to his knowledge, false in any material particular, is guilty of a misdemeanour. 101. (a) Any person whonot being a judicial officer, assumes to act as a judicial officer; or
False assumption of authority

(b) without authority, assumes to act as a person having authority by law to administer an oath or take a solemn declaration or affirmation or affidavit or to do any other act of a public nature which can only be done by persons authorised by law to do so; or (c) represents himself to be a person authorised by law to sign a document testifying to the contents of any register or record kept by lawful authority, or testifying to any fact or event, and signs such document as being so authorised, when he is not, and knows that he is not, in fact, so authorised; is guilty of a misdemeanour. 102. Any person whoPersonating public officers

(a) personates any person employed in the public service on an occasion when the latter is required to do any act or attend in any place by virtue of his employment; or (b) falsely represents himself to be a person employed in the public service, and assumes to do any act or to attend in any place for the purpose of doing any act by virtue of such employment; is guilty of a misdemeanour and is liable to imprisonment for three years.

103. Whoever holds out any threat of injury to any person employed in Threat of injury to the public service, or to any person in whom he believes that person to persons employed in public service be interested, for the purpose of inducing that person to do any act, or to forbear or delay to do any act connected with the exercise of the public functions of such person, is guilty of a misdemeanour. (No. 26 of 1940) 103A. In this chapter, "public service" means service of the Government or a local authority, or of a statutory board or body including an institution of higher learning, corporation or company in which the Government has majority interest or control. (As amended by Act No. 29 of 1976). CHAPTER XI OFFENCES RELATING TO THE ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE 104. (1) Any person who, in any judicial proceeding, or for the purpose Perjury of instituting any judicial proceeding, knowingly gives false testimony touching any matter which is material to any question then pending in that proceeding or intended to be raised in that proceeding, is guilty of the misdemeanour termed "perjury". (2) It is immaterial whether the testimony is given on oath or under any other sanction authorised by law. (3) The forms and ceremonies used in administering the oath or in otherwise binding the person giving the testimony to speak the truth are immaterial, if he assent to the forms and ceremonies actually used. (4) It is immaterial whether the false testimony is given orally or in writing. (5) It is immaterial whether the court or tribunal is properly constituted, or is held in the proper place, or not, if it actually acts as a court or tribunal in the proceeding in which the testimony is given.
Definition

(6) It is immaterial whether the person who gives the testimony is a competent witness or not, or whether the testimony is admissible in the proceeding or not. (7) Any person who aids, abets, counsels, procures, or suborns another Subornation of perjury person to commit perjury is guilty of the misdemeanour termed "subornation of perjury".
Conflicting 104A. (1) Where a witness in any judicial proceeding, other than a statements on oath person accused of an offence in a criminal proceeding, makes a statement on oath or affirmation on some fact relevant in the proceeding contradicting a material detail in a previous statement made on oath or affirmation by the same witness before any court or tribunal and, the court or tribunal is satisfied that either of the statements whether false or not was made with intent to deceive, shall be guilty of an offence and liable to imprisonment for two years.

(2) At the trial of any person for an offence under this section, the record of a court or tribunal containing any statement made on oath or affirmation by the person charged shall be prima facie evidence of such statement. (3) A person shall be liable to be convicted of an offence under this section notwithstanding that any statement made by him before a court or tribunal was made in reply to a question which he was bound by law to answer, any such statement shall be admissible in any proceeding under this section. (As amended by Act 3 of 1990) 105. Any person who, having been lawfully sworn as an interpreter in False statements by interpreters a judicial proceeding, wilfully makes a statement material in that proceeding which he knows to be false, or does not believe to be true, is guilty of the misdemeanour termed "perjury". (No. 26 of 1940) 106. Any person who commits perjury or suborns perjury is liable to imprisonment for seven years.
Punishment of perjury and subordination of perjury

107. A person cannot be convicted of committing perjury or of subordination of perjury solely upon the evidence of one witness as to the falsity of any statement alleged to be false. 108. Any person who, with intent to mislead any tribunal in any judicial proceeding(a) fabricates evidence by any means other than perjury or subordination of perjury; or (b) knowingly makes use of such fabricated evidence; is guilty of a misdemeanour and is liable to imprisonment for seven years.

Evidence on charge of perjury

Fabricating evidence

False swearing 109. Any person who swears falsely or makes a false affirmation or declaration before any person authorised to administer an oath or take a declaration upon a matter of public concern under such circumstances that the false swearing or declaration if committed in a judicial proceeding would have amounted to perjury, is guilty of a misdemeanour.

Deceiving 110. Any person who practises any fraud or deceit, or knowingly makes or exhibits any false statement, representation, token, or writing, witnesses to any person called or to be called as a witness in any judicial proceeding, with intent to affect the testimony of such person as a witness, is guilty of a misdemeanour.

111. Any person who, knowing that any book, document, or thing of any kind whatsoever, is or may be required in evidence in a judicial proceeding, wilfully removes or destroys it or renders it illegible or undecipherable or incapable of identification, with intent thereby to prevent it from being used in evidence, is guilty of a misdemeanour. (As amended by No. 26 of 1940) 112. (1) Any person commits a felony who-

Destroying evidence

Conspiracy to defeat justice and interference with witnesses

(a) conspires with any other person to accuse any person falsely of any crime or to do anything to obstruct, prevent, pervert, or defeat the course of justice; or

(b) in order to obstruct the due course of justice, dissuades, hinders or prevents any person lawfully bound to appear and give evidence as a witness from so appearing and giving evidence, or endeavours to do so; or (c) obstructs or in any way interferes with or knowingly prevents the execution of any legal process, civil or criminal. (2) Any person guilty of a felony under sub-section (1) is liable to imprisonment for seven years. (As amended by Act No. 29 of 1976) 113. Any person who asks, receives, or obtains, or agrees or attempts to receive or obtain, any property or benefit of any kind for himself or any other person upon any agreement or understanding that he will compound or conceal a felony, or will abstain from, discontinue, or delay a prosecution for a felony, or will withhold any evidence thereof, is guilty of a misdemeanour.
Compounding felonies

114. Any person who, having brought, or under pretence of bringing, Compounding an action against another person upon a Penal Act or Statute in order to penal actions obtain from him a penalty for any offence committed or alleged to have been committed by him, compounds the action without the order or consent of the court in which the action is brought or is to be brought, is guilty of a mis-demeanour. 115. Any person whoAdvertisements for stolen property

(a) publicly offers a reward for the return of any property which has been stolen or lost, and in the offer makes use of any words purporting that no questions will be asked, or that the person producing such property will not be seized or molested; or (b) publicly offers to return to any person who may have bought or advanced money by way of loan upon any stolen or lost property the money so paid or advanced or any other sum of money or reward for the return of such property; or (c) prints or publishes any such offer; is guilty of a misdemeanour.

116. (1) Any person who(a) within the premises in which any judicial proceeding is being had or taken, or within the precincts of the same, shows disrespect, in speech or manner, to or with reference to such proceeding, or any person before whom such proceeding is being had or taken; or (b) having been called upon to give evidence in a judicial proceeding, fails to attend or, having attended, refuses to be sworn or to make an affirmation, or having been sworn or affirmed, refuses without lawful excuse to answer a question or to produce a document, or remains in the room in which such proceeding is being had or taken, after the witnesses have been ordered to leave such room; or (c) causes an obstruction or disturbance in the course of a judicial proceeding; or (d) while a judicial proceeding is pending, makes use of any speech or writing, misrepresenting such proceeding, or capable of prejudicing any person in favour of or against any parties to such proceeding, or calculated to lower the authority of any person before whom such proceeding is being had or taken; or (e) publishes a report of the evidence taken in any judicial proceeding which has been directed to be held in private; or (f) attempts wrongfully to interfere with or influence a witness in a judicial proceeding either before or after he has given evidence, in connection with such evidence; or (g) dismisses a servant because he has given evidence on behalf of a certain party to a judicial proceeding; or (h) retakes possession of land from any person who has recently obtained possession by a writ of court; or (i) commits any other act of intentional disrespect to any judicial proceeding, or to any person before whom such proceeding is being had or taken; is guilty of a misdemeanour and is liable to imprisonment for six months or to a fine not exceeding seven hundred and fifty penalty units.

Contempt of court

(2) When any offence against paragraph (a), (b), (c), (d) or (i) of subsection (1) is committed in view of the court, the court may cause the offender to be detained in custody, and at any time before the rising of the court on the same day may take cognizance of the offence and sentence the offender to a fine not exceeding six hundred penalty units or, in default of payment, to imprisonment without hard labour for one month. (3) The provisions of this section shall be deemed to be in addition to and not in derogation from the power of a court to punish for contempt of court. (As amended by No. 26 of 1940 and Act No. 13 of 1994) 117. (1) No person shallProhibition on taking photographs, etc., in court

(a) take or attempt to take in any court any photograph, or, with a view to publication, make or attempt to make in any court any portrait or sketch, of any person, being a Judge of the court or a juror or a witness in or a party to any proceedings before the court, whether civil or criminal; or (b) publish any photograph, portrait or sketch taken or made in contravention of the provisions of this subsection or any reproduction thereof; and if any person acts in contravention of this subsection, he shall be liable to a fine not exceeding one thousand five hundred penalty units in respect of each offence; Provided that this section shall not apply to photographs being taken on any occasion with the consent of the Chief Justice, or where the occasion is the opening of any session of the High Court, with the consent of the Judge holding that session. (2) For the purposes of this section(a) "court" means the High Court, any subordinate court, juvenile court, court of a coroner or a local court as defined in the Local Courts
Cap. 29

Act; (b) "Judge" includes registrar, magistrate, coroner and officer of such local court; (c) a photograph, portrait or sketch shall be deemed to be a photograph, portrait or sketch taken or made in court if it is taken or made in the court-room or in the building or in the precincts of the building in which the court is held, or if it is a photograph, portrait or sketch taken or made of the person while he is entering or leaving the court-room or any such building or precincts as aforesaid. (As amended by No. 53 of 1957, Act No. 3 of 1990 and No. 13 of 1994)

CHAPTER XII RESCUES, ESCAPES AND OBSTRUCTING OFFICERS OF COURT OF LAW 118. (1) Any person who by force rescues or attempts to rescue from lawful custody any other person(a) is, if such last-named person is under sentence of death or imprisonment for life or charged with an offence punishable with death or imprisonment for life, guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for life; and (b) is, if such other person is imprisoned on a charge or under sentence for any offence other than those specified above, guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years; and (c) is, in any other case, guilty of a misdemeanour.
Rescue

(2) If the person rescued is in the custody of a private person, the offender must have notice of the fact that the person rescued is in custody. 119. Any person who, being in lawful custody, escapes from such custody, is guilty of a misdemeanour.
Escape from lawful custody

120.

Any person who-

(a) aids a prisoner in escaping or attempting to escape from lawful custody; or (b) conveys anything or causes anything to be conveyed into a prison with intent to facilitate the escape of a prisoner; is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years.

Aiding prisoners to escape

121. Any person who, when any property has been attached or taken Removal etc., of under the process of authority of any court, knowingly, and with intent property under lawful seizure to hinder or defeat the attachment or process, receives, removes, retains, conceals, or disposes of such property, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for three years. 122. Any person who wilfully obstructs or resists any person lawfully Obstructing court charged with the execution of an order or warrant of any court, is guilty officers of a misdemeanour and is liable to imprisonment for one year.

CHAPTER XIII MISCELLANEOUS AUTHORITY OFFENCES AGAINST PUBLIC

123. Any person employed in the public service who, in the discharge Frauds and of the duties of his office, commits any fraud or breach of trust affecting breaches of trust by public officers the public, whether such fraud or breach of trust would have been criminal or not if committed against a private person, is guilty of a misdemeanour. 124. Repealed by Act No. 7 of 1990 125. Whoever gives to any person employed in the public service any False information information which he knows or believes to be false, intending thereby to to public officer cause or knowing it to be likely that he will thereby cause such person(a) to do or omit anything which such person ought not to do or omit if the true state of facts respecting which such information is given were known to him; or

(b) to use the lawful power of such person to the injury or annoyance of any person; is guilty of a misdemeanour and is liable to imprisonment for six months or to a fine of one thousand and five hundred penalty units or to both. (As amended by No. 26 of 1933 and Act No. 13 of 1994) 126. Everyone who wilfully disobeys any Statute or Act by doing any Disobedience of act which it forbids, or by omitting to do any act which it requires to be statutory duty done, and which concerns the public or any part of the public, is guilty of a misdemeanour and is liable, unless it appears from the Statute or Act that it was the intention of Parliament to provide some other penalty for such disobedience, to imprisonment for two years. 127. Everyone who disobeys any order, warrant or command duly made, issued or given by any court, officer or person acting in any public capacity and duly authorised in that behalf, is guilty of a misdemeanour and is liable, unless any other penalty or mode of proceeding is expressly prescribed in respect of such disobedience, to imprisonment for two years. DIVISION III OFFENCES INJURIOUS TO THE PUBLIC IN GENERAL CHAPTER XIV OFFENCES RELATING TO RELIGION
Insult to religion of 128. Any person who destroys, damages or defiles any place of worship or any object which is held sacred by any class of persons with any class the intention of thereby insulting the religion of any class of persons or with the knowledge that any class of persons is likely to consider such destruction, damage or defilement as an insult to their religion, is guilty of a misdemeanour. Disobedience of lawful orders

129. Any person who voluntarily causes disturbance to any assembly lawfully engaged in the performance of religious worship or religious ceremony, is guilty of a misdemeanour.

Disturbing religious assemblies

130. Every person who, with the intention of wounding the feelings of Trespassing on burial places any person or of insulting the religion of any person, or with the knowledge that the feelings of any person are likely to be wounded, or that the religion of any person is likely to be insulted thereby, commits any trespass in any place of worship or in any place of sepulture or in any place set apart for the performance of funeral rites or as a depository for the remains of the dead, or offers any indignity to any human corpse, or causes disturbance to any persons assembled for the purpose of funeral ceremonies, is guilty of a misdemeanour. 131. Any person who, with the deliberate intention of wounding the religious feelings of any person, utters any word, or makes any sound in the hearing of that person, or makes any gesture in the sight of that person, or places any object in the sight of that person, is guilty of a misdemeanour and is liable to imprisonment for one year.
Uttering words with the intent to wound religious feelings

131A. In this Part "child" means a person below the age of sixteen years. Definition of child (As amended by Act No. 15 of 2005) CHAPTER XV OFFENCES AGAINST MORALITY 132. Any person who has unlawful carnal knowledge of a woman or Definition of rape girl, without her consent, or with her consent, if the consent is obtained by force or by means of threats or intimidation of any kind, or by fear of bodily harm, or by means of false representations as to the nature of the act, or, in the case of a married woman, by personating her husband, is guilty of the felony termed "rape". 133. Any person who commits the offence of rape is liable to imprisonment for life. (As amended by No. 26 of 1933 and No. 20 of 1964) 134. Any person who attempts to commit rape is guilty of a felony and Attempted rape is liable to imprisonment for life. (As amended by No. 26 of 1933) 135. Any person who with intent to marry or carnally know a woman Abduction of any age, or to cause her to be married or carnally known by any other
Punishment of rape

person, takes her away, or detains her, against her will, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years. 136. Any person who unlawfully takes an unmarried girl under the age Abduction of of sixteen years out of the custody or protection of her father or mother children or other person having the lawful care or charge of her, and against the will of such father or mother or other person, is guilty of a misdemeanour. 137. (1) Any person who unlawfully and indecently assaults any woman or girl is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for fourteen years. (2) It shall be no defence to a charge for an indecent assault on a girl under the age of twelve years to prove that she consented to the act of indecency: Provided that it shall be a sufficient defence to any charge under this subsection if it shall be made to appear to the court before whom the charge shall be brought that the person so charged had reasonable cause to believe, and did in fact believe, that the girl was of or above the age of twelve years.
Indecently (3) Any person who is found in any building or dwelling-house or in any verandah or passage attached thereto or in any yard, garden or other insulting or annoying females land adjacent to or within the curtilage of such building or dwelling-house not being a public placeIndecent assault

(a) for the purpose of and from motives of indecent curiosity gazing at or observing any woman or girl who may be therein while in a state of undress or semi-undress; or (b) with intent to annoy or indecently to insult any woman or girl who may be therein; is guilty of a misdemeanour and is liable to imprisonment for one year. (As amended by No. 26 of 1933) 138. (1) Any person who unlawfully and carnally knows any child
Defilement of Child

commits a felony and is liable, upon conviction, to a term of imprisonment of not less than fifteen years and may be liable to

imprisonment for life. (2) Any person who attempts to have unlawful carnal knowledge of any child commits a felony and is liable, upon conviction, to imprisonment for a term of not less than fourteen years and not exceeding twenty years. (3) Any person who prescribes the defilement of a child as cure for an ailment commits a felony and is liable, upon conviction, to imprisonment for a term of not less than fifteen years and may be liable to imprisonment for life.

(4) A child above the age of twelve years who commits an offence under subsection (1) or (2) is liable, to such community service or counseling as the court may determine, in the best interests of both children.

(As amended by Act No. 15 of 2005)


imbecile or person with mental illness, has or attempts to have unlawful carnal knowledge of that chills or other person in circumstances not amounting to rape, but which prove that the offender knew at the time of the commission of the offence that the child or other person was an idiot or imbecile commits a felony and is a liable, upon conviction, to imprisonment for a term of not less than fourteen years and may be liable to imprisonment for life.

139. Any person who, knowing a child or other person to be an

Defilement of imbeciles or person with mental illness

(As amended by No. 26 of 1933, repealed and replaced by Act No. 15 of 2005) 140. Any person who(a) procures or attempts to procure any child or other person to have unlawful carnal knowledge either in Zambia or elsewhere, with an person or other persons for pornography, bestiality or any other purpose; (b) procures or attempts to procure any child or other person to become, either in Zambia or elsewhere, a common prostitute; (c) procures or attempts to procure any child or person to leave Zambia, with the intent that the child or person may become an inmate of or frequent a brothel elsewhere; or (d) procures or attempts to procure any child or person to leave that childs or other persons usual place of abode in Zambia with intent that the child or other person may, for the purposes of prostitution, become an inmate of or frequent a brothel either in Zambia or elsewhere;
Procuring child or other person for prostitution, etc.

commits a felony and is liable, upon conviction, to imprisonment for a term of not less than twenty years and may be liable to imprisonment for life: Provided that no person shall be convicted of an offence under this section upon the evidence of one witness only, unless such witness be corroborated in some material particular by evidence implicating the accused.

(As amended by No. 26 of 1933, No. 9 of 1954 and repealed and replaced by Act No. 15 of 2005) 141. Any person who(a) by threat or intimidation procures or attempts to procure any child or other person to have any unlawful carnal knowledge, either in Zambia or elsewhere; (b) by false pretence or false representation procures any child or other person to have any unlawful carnal knowledge, either in Zambia or elsewhere; or (c) applies, administers to, or causes to be taken by any child or other person any drug, matter or thing, with intent to stupefy or overpower so as thereby to enable any third person to have unlawful carnal knowledge with such child or other person; commits a felony and is liable, upon conviction, to imprisonment for a term of not less than twenty years and may be liable to imprisonment for life: Provided that no person shall be convicted of an offence under this section upon the evidence of one witness only, unless such witness be corroborated in some material particular by evidence implicating the accused.
Procuring defilement by threat or fraud administering drugs

(As amended by No. 9 of 1954, repealed and replaced by Act No. 15 of 2005) 142. Any person who, being the owner or occupier of premises or

having or acting or assisting in the management of control thereof, induces or knowingly permits any child to resort to or be upon such premises for the purpose of being unlawfully and carnally known by any other person, whether such carnal knowledge is intended to be with any particular person or generally, commits a felony and is liable, upon conviction, to imprisonment for a term of not less than twenty years and may be liable to imprisonment for life.

Householder, etc., permitting defilement of child on premises

(As repealed and replaced by Act No. 15 of 2005)

143.

Any person who sells or traffics in a child or other person for any purpose or in any form commits an offence is liable, upon conviction, to imprisonment for a term of not less than twenty years:

Selling or trafficking in children, etc.

Provided that where it is proved during the trial of the accused person that the sale or trafficking in a child or other person was for the purpose of causing that child or person to be unlawfully and carnally known by any other person, whether such carnal knowledge was intended to be with any particular person or generally, the person is liable, upon conviction, to imprisonment for life.

(As repealed and replaced by Act No. 15 of 2005) 144. (1) Any person who detains any child or other person against
that child or other persons will(a) in or upon any premises with intent that the child or other person may be unlawfully and carnally known by any third person, whether particularly or generally or for rituals or any other purpose; or (b) in any brothel; commits a felony and is liable, upon conviction, to imprisonment for a term of not less than twenty years and may be liable to imprisonment for life. (2) When a child or person is in or upon any premises for the purposes of having any lawful carnal knowledge or in any brothel, another person shall be deemed to detain such a child or person in or upon such premises or in such brothel, if, with intent to compel or induce the child or person to remain in or upon such premises or in such brothel, such other person withholds from the child or person any wearing apparel or other property belonging to the child or person, or where wearing apparel has been lent or otherwise supplied to such child or person or by directions of such person, such other person threatens such person with legal proceedings for taking away the wearing apparel so lent or supplied.
Detention with intent in premises or brothel

(3) No legal proceedings, whether civil or criminal, shall be taken against any child or person for taking away or being found in possession of any such wearing apparel as was necessary to enable the child or person to leave such premises or brothel.

(As repealed and replaced by Act No. 15 of 2005) 145. (1) If it appears to any magistrate, on information made before
the magistrate, on oath, by any parent, relative or guardian of any child or other person who, in the opinion of the magistrate, is acting bona fide in the interests of any child or person, that there is reasonable cause to suspect that such child or other person is
Power of search

unlawfully detained for immoral purposes by any person in any place within the jurisdiction of such magistrate, such magistrate may issue a warrant authorizing the person named therein to search for, and when found to take to and detain in a place of safety such child or person until the child or person can be brought before a magistrate. (2) The magistrate before whom the child or person is brought in accordance with subsection (1) may cause the child or person to be delivered up to the childs parents or guardians, or be otherwise dealt with as circumstances may permit and require. (3) A magistrate issuing a warrant under this section may, by the same or any other warrant, cause any person accused of so unlawfully detaining such child or person to be apprehended and brought before a magistrate and proceedings to be taken for punishing such person according to law. (4) A child or person shall be deemed to be unlawfully detained for the purpose of being unlawfully and carnally known by any other person, whether any particular third person or generally; and (a) in the case of the child whether the child consented to the detention or not; or (b) if the person is of, or above the age of, sixteen years and is so detained against the persons will or against the will of the persons father or mother or of any person having the lawful care or charge of that person. (5) Any person authorised by warrant under this section to search for any child so detained as aforesaid may enter if need be by force, any house, building or other place mentioned in the warrant, and may remove such child or person from there.

(As amended by S.I. No. 63 of 1964, repealed and replaced by Act No. 15 of 2005) 146. (1) A person who(a) knowingly lives wholly or in part on the earnings of prostitution; or (b) in any public place, persistently solicits or importunes for immoral purposes; commits a felony and is liable, upon conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding fifteen years; Provided that a child who commits an offence under subsection is
Person living on earnings of prostitution or persistently soliciting

liable to such community service or counseling as the court may determine in the best interests of the child.

(2) Where a person is proved to live with or to be habitually in the company of a prostitute or is proved to have exercised control, direction or influence over the movements of a prostitute in such manner as to show that the person is aiding, abetting or compelling the prostitution with any other person, or generally, that person shall, unless the person shall satisfy the court to the contrary, be deemed to be knowingly living on the earnings of prostitution.

(As repealed and replaced by Act No. 15 of 2005) 147.


(1) Every person who knowingly lives wholly or in part on the earnings of the prostitution of another or who is proved to have, for the purpose of gain, exercised control, direction or influence over the movements of a prostitute in such manner as to show that such person is aiding, abetting or compelling that persons prostitution with any other person, or generally, commits a felony and is liable, upon conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding fifteen years.
Person living on aiding, etc., prostitution of another for gain

(2) Where a person compels a child to become a prostitute that person commits an offence and is liable, upon conviction, to imprisonment for life.

(As repealed and replaced by Act No. 15 of 2005) 148. If it is made to appear to a magistrate, by information on oath, that Power of search there is reason to suspect that any house or any part of a house is used by a woman or girl for purposes of prostitution, and that any person residing in or frequenting the house is knowingly living wholly or in part on the earnings of the prostitute, or is exercising control, direction or influence over the movements of the prostitute, the magistrate may issue a warrant authorising any police officer to enter and search the house and to arrest such person. 149. Any person who keeps a house, room, set of rooms, or place of any kind whatsoever for purposes of prostitution commits a felony and is liable, upon conviction, to imprisonment for a term of not less than fifteen years and not exceeding twenty five years. (As repealed and replaced by Act No. 15 of 2005) 150.
Any person who conspires with another person to induce any person or child, by means of any false pretence or other fraudulent means, to permit any other person to have unlawful carnal knowledge of such person or child, commits a felony and is liable, Brothels

Conspiracy to defile

upon conviction, to imprisonment for a term of not less than fifteen years and may be liable to imprisonment for life. (As amended by No. 26 of 1933 and repealed and replaced by Act No. 15 of 2005)

woman or female child, whether she is or is not with child, unlawfully administers to her or causes her to take any poison or other noxious thing, or uses any force of any kind, or uses any other means whatsoever, commits a felony and is liable, upon conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding seven years. (As repealed and replaced by Act No. 15 of 2005) 152. (1) Every woman being pregnant who, with intent to procure her own miscarriage, unlawfully administers to herself any poison or other noxious thing, or uses force of any kind, or uses any other means whatever, or permits any such thing or means to be administered or used, commits a felony and is liable, upon conviction, to imprisonment for a term of fourteen years. (2) Any female child being pregnant who, with intent to procure her own miscarriage, unlawfully administers to herself any poison or other noxious thing or uses any force of any kind commits an offence and is liable to such community service or counseling as the court may determine, in the best interests of the child:

151. Any person who, with intent to procure the miscarriage of a

Attempts to procure abortion

Abortion by pregnant woman or female child

Provided that where a female child is raped or defiled and becomes pregnant, the pregnancy may be terminated in accordance with the Termination of Pregnancy Act. (As repealed and replaced by Act No. 15 of 2005)

Cap. 304

Any person who unlawfully supplies to or procures for any person any thing whatsoever, knowing that it is intended to be unlawfully used to procure the miscarriage of a woman or female child, whether she is or is not with child, commits a felony and is liable, upon conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding fourteen years. (As repealed and replaced by Act No. 15 of 2005)

153.

Supplying drugs or instruments to procure abortion

154. Except as otherwise expressly stated, it is immaterial in the case Knowledge of age of any of the offences committed with respect to a woman or girl under a of female immaterial specified age, that the accused person did not know that the woman or

girl was under that age, or believed that she was not under that age. 155. (a) or (b) Any person whohas carnal knowledge of any person against the order of nature; has carnal knowledge of an animal; or
Unnatural offences

(c) permits a male person to have carnal knowledge of him or her against the order of nature;
commits a felony and liable, upon conviction, to imprisonment for a term not less than fifteen years and may be liable to imprisonment for life: Provided that where a person(i) has carnal knowledge of a child against the order of nature; (ii) causes a child to have carnal knowledge of an animal; or (iii) permits a male person to have carnal knowledge of a male or female child against the order of nature; that person commits an offence and is liable, upon conviction, to imprisonment for not less than twenty-five years and may be liable to imprisonment for life. (As amended by No. 26 of 1933 and repealed and replaced by Act No. 15 of 2005)

156. Any person who attempts to commit any of the offences


specified in section one hundred and fifty-five commits a felony and is liable, upon conviction of not less than seven years but not exceeding fourteen years.

Attempt to commit unnatural offences

(As amended by No. 26 of 1933 and repealed and replaced by Act No. 15 of 2005)

157. (1) Any person who conducts or causes to be conducted a harmful cultural practice on a child commits a felony and is liable, upon conviction, to imprisonment for a term not less than fifteen years and may be liable to imprisonment for life. (2) In this section harmful cultural practice includes sexual cleansing, female genital mutilation or in initiation ceremony that results in injury, the transmission of an infectious or life threatening disease or loss of life to a child but does not include circumcision on a male child.

Harmful cultural practice

(As amended by No. 26 of 1933 and repealed and replaced by Act No. 15 of 2005) 158. (1) Any male who, whether in public or private, commits any act of gross indecency with a male child or person, or procures a male child or person to commit any act of gross indecency with him, or attempts to procure the commission of any such act by any male person with himself or with another male child or person, whether in public or private, commits a felony and is liable, upon conviction, to imprisonment for a term of not less than seven years and not exceeding fourteen years. (2) Any female who, whether in public or private, commits any act of gross indecency with a female child or person, or procures a female child or person to commit any act of gross indecency with her, or attempts to procure the commission of any such act by any female person with himself or with another female child or person, whether in public or private, commits a felony and is liable, upon conviction, to imprisonment for a term of not less than seven years and not exceeding fourteen years. (3) A child who, whether in public or private, commits any act of gross indecency with another child of the same sex or attempts to procure the commission of any such act by any person with the childs self or with another child or person of the same sex, whether in public or private, commits an offence and is liable, to such community service or counseling as the court may determine in the best interests of the child. (As amended by No. 26 of 1933 and repealed and replaced by Act No. 15 of 2005)

Indecent practices between persons of the same sex

159. (1) Any male person who has carnal knowledge of a female person who is to that persons knowledge his grandmother, mother, sister, daughter, grand-daughter, aunt or niece commits a felony and is liable, upon conviction, for a term of not less than twenty years and may be liable to imprisonment for life. (2) Any female person who has carnal knowledge of a male person who is to that persons knowledge her grand-father, father, brother, son, grand-son, uncle or nephew commits a felony and is liable, upon conviction, for a term of not less than twenty years and may be liable to imprisonment for life. (3) For the purposes of this section, it is immaterial that carnal knowledge was had with consent of the other person. (4) Any person who attempts to commit incest commits a felony and is liable to imprisonment for a term of not less than ten years and not exceeding twenty-five years. (As amended by No. 26 of 1933 and repealed and replaced by Act No. 15 of 2005)

Incest

160. On the conviction before any court of any person of an offence under section one hundred and fifty-nine, or of an attempt to commit the same, against any child it shall be in the power of the court to divest the offender of all authority over such child, and, if the offender is the guardian of such child, to remove the offender from such guardianship, and in any case to appoint any person or persons to be the guardian or guardians of such child during the childs minority or any less period: Provided that the High Court may at any time vary or rescind the order by the appointment of any other person as such guardian or in any other respect. (As amended by No. 26 of 1933 and repealed and replaced by Act No. 15 of 2005)

161. (1) Any female person of or above the age of sixteen years who with consent permits her grandfather, father, brother, uncle, nephew, son or grandson to have carnal knowledge of her knowing him to be her grandfather, father, brother, uncle, nephew, son or grandson, as the case may be, commits a felony and is liable, upon conviction, to imprisonment for a term of not less than twenty years and may be liable to imprisonment for life: Provided that a female child commits an offence under this subsection is liable to such community service or counseling as the court may determine in the best interests of the child.
Order for guardianship

(2) Any male person of or above the age of sixteen years who with consent permits his grandmother, mother, sister, auntie, niece, daughter or grand-daughter to have carnal knowledge of him knowing her to be her grandmother, mother, sister, aunt, niece, daughter or grand-daughter, as the case may be, commits a felony and is liable, upon conviction, to imprisonment for a term of not less than twenty years and may be liable to imprisonment for life:

Provided that a male child commits an offence under this subsection is liable to such community service or counseling as the court may determine in the best interests of the child. (As amended by No. 26 of 1933 and repealed and replaced by Act No. 15 of 2005)

Consent to incest

Test of relationship 162. In sections one hundred and fifty-nine and one hundred and sixty-one, "brother" and "sister", respectively, include half-brother and half-sister, and the provisions of the said sections shall apply whether the relationship between the person charged with an offence and the person with whom the offence is alleged to have been committed is or is not traced through lawful wedlock.

Conviction of 163. (1) If, on the trial of any information for or charge of rape, the court is satisfied that the defendant is guilty of an offence under section incest lawful on charge of rape one hundred and fifty-nine, but is not satisfied that the defendant is guilty of rape, the court may acquit the defendant of rape and find him guilty of an offence under section one hundred and fifty-nine, and he shall be liable to be punished accordingly.

(2) If, on the trial of any information for or charge of an offence under section one hundred and fifty-nine, the court is satisfied that the defendant is guilty of an offence under section one hundred and thirty-eight or one hundred and thirty-nine, but is not satisfied that the defendant is guilty of an offence under section one hundred and fifty-nine, the court may acquit the defendant of an offence under section one hundred and fifty-nine and find him guilty of an offence under section one hundred and thirty-eight or one hundred and thirty-nine, and he shall be liable to be punished accordingly.
or on behalf of a child or person publish or disclose to any person otherwise than in the course of duty, the contents of any documents, communication or information which relates to and which has come to that persons knowledge in the course of duty performed in relation to offences under this Part, including the handling, medical treatment or counseling of victims.

Conviction of unlawful carnal knowledge on charge of incest

164. (1) A person shall not without the consent, in writing, given by

Prohibition of disclosure of information

(2) A person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable, upon conviction, to a fine of not less than fifty thousand penalty units or to imprisonment for six months, or to both.

(As repealed and replaced by Act No. 15 of 2005)

CHAPTER XVI OFFENCES RELATING TO DOMESTIC OBLIGATIONS MARRIAGE AND

165. Any person who wilfully and by fraud causes any woman who is Fraudulent not lawfully married to him to believe that she is lawfully married to him pretence of marriage and to cohabit or have sexual intercourse with him in that belief, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for ten years. 166. Any person who, having a husband or wife living, goes through a Bigamy ceremony of marriage which is void by reason of its taking place during the life of such husband or wife, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for five years: Provided that this section shall not extend to any person whose marriage with such husband or wife has been declared void by a court of competent jurisdiction, nor to any person who contracts a marriage during the life of a former husband or wife, if such husband or wife, at the time of the subsequent marriage, shall have been continually absent from such person for the space of seven years, and shall not have been heard of by such person as being alive within that time. 167. Any person who dishonestly or with a fraudulent intention goes through the ceremony of marriage, knowing that he is not thereby lawfully married, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for five years.
Marriage ceremony fraudulently gone through without lawful marriage

168. Any person who being the parent, guardian or other person

having the lawful care or charge of a child being able to maintain such child, willfully and without lawful or reasonable cause deserts the child and leaves it without means of support commits an offence and is liable, upon conviction, for a first offence to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three years, or for a subsequent offence to imprisonment for a term not exceeding seven years. (As repealed and replaced by Act No. 15 of 2005)

Desertion of children

169.

Any person who being theNeglecting to provide food, etc., for children

(a) parent;

(b) guardian; or (c) person in charge;

of a child that is unable to provide for itself, refuses or willfully neglects to provide, being able to do so, sufficient food, clothes, bedding or other necessities for such child, and thereby injures the health of such child, commits an offence and is liable, on conviction, to a fine not exceeding one hundred thousand penalty units or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three years or to both. (As repealed and replaced by Act No. 15 of 2005)

170. Any person who, being legally liable either as master or mistress, to provide for any apprentice or servant necessary food, clothing, or lodging, wilfully and without lawful excuse refuses or neglects to provide the same, or unlawfully and maliciously does or causes to be done any bodily harm to such apprentice or servant so that the life of such apprentice or servant is endangered or that his health has been or is likely to be permanently injured, is guilty of a misdemeanour.

Master not providing for servants or apprentices

171. (1) Any person who, with intent to deprive any parent, guardian or Child stealing other person who has the lawful care or charge of a child under the age of sixteen years, of the possession of such child(a) forcibly or fraudulently takes or entices away, or detains the child; or (b) receives or harbours the child, knowing it to have been so taken or enticed away or detained; is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for fourteen years. (2) It is a defence to a charge of any of the offences defined in this section to prove that the accused person claimed in good faith a right to the possession of the child, or, in the case of an illegitimate child, is its mother or claimed to be its father. (As amended by No. 20 of 1953 and Act No. 14 of 1981) CHAPTER XVII NUISANCES AND OFFENCES AGAINST HEALTH AND CONVENIENCE

172. (1) Any person who does an act not authorised by law or omits to Common nuisance discharge a legal duty and thereby causes any common injury, or danger or annoyance, or obstructs or causes inconvenience to the public in the exercise of common rights, commits the misdemeanour termed a "common nuisance" and is liable to imprisonment for one year. (2) It is immaterial that the act or omission complained of is convenient to a larger number of the public than it inconveniences, but the fact that it facilitates the lawful exercise of their rights by a part of the public may show that it is not a nuisance to any of the public. 173. (1) Every person who, with a view to compelling any other person Watching and besetting to abstain from doing or to do any act which such other person has a legal right to do or abstain from doing, wrongfully and without legal authority(a) uses violence to or intimidates such other person or members of his household, or injures his property; or (b) or persistently follows such other person about from place to place;

(c) hides any tools, clothes, or other property owned or used by such other person, or deprives him of or hinders him in the use thereof; or (d) follows such other person in a disorderly manner; is guilty of an offence. (2) Every person who, wrongfully and without legal authority, watches or besets(a) any premises or the approaches to such premises with a view to preventing any other person from doing any act which such other person has a legal right to do thereat; or (b) the house or other place where any other person resides or works or carries on business, or happens to be, or the approaches to such house or place with a view to preventing such other person from doing or compelling him to do any act which such other person has a legal right to do or abstain from doing;

is guilty of an offence. (3) Every person who is guilty of an offence under the provisions of this section is liable to a fine not exceeding three thousand penalty units or to imprisonment for a period not exceeding six months, or to both. (No. 60 of 1957 and Act No. 13 of 1994) 174. (1) Any person being the owner or occupier, or having the use of, Gaming houses any house, room or place, who shall open, keep or use the same for the purpose of unlawful gaming being carried on therein, and any person who, being the owner or occupier of any house, room or place, shall knowingly and wilfully permit the same to be opened, kept or used by any other person for the purpose aforesaid, and any person having the care or management of or in any manner assisting in conducting the business of any house, room or place opened, kept or used for the purpose aforesaid, is said to keep a common gaming house. (2) In this section, "unlawful gaming" means any game the chances of which are not alike favourable to all the players, including the banker or other person or persons by whom the game is managed or against whom the other players stake, play or bet. (3) Any person who keeps a common gaming house is guilty of a misdemeanour. (4) Any person, other than the persons mentioned in subsection (1), who is found in a common gaming house shall be deemed, unless the contrary is proved, to be there for the purpose of unlawful gaming, and is guilty of a misdemeanour and is liable to a fine of one hundred and fifty penalty units for the first offence, and for each subsequent offence to a fine of six hundred penalty units or imprisonment for three months, or to both. (As amended by Act No. 13 of 1994) 175. (1) Any house, room or place which is used for any of the purposes following, that is to say: (a) for the purpose of bets being made therein between persons resorting to the place andBetting houses

(i) the owner, occupier, or keeper of the place, or any person using the place; or (ii) any person procured or employed by or acting for or on behalf of any such owner, occupier or keeper, or person using the place; or (iii) any person having the care or management, or in any manner conducting the business, of the place; or (b) for the purpose of any money or other property being paid or received therein by or on behalf of any such owner, occupier, or keeper, or person using the place, as, or for the consideration(i) for an assurance, undertaking, promise, or agreement, express or implied, to pay or give thereafter any money or other property on any event or contingency of or relating to any horse race, or other race, fight, game, sport, or exercise; or (ii) for securing the paying or giving by some other person of any money or other property on any such event or contingency; is called a common betting house. (2) Any person who, being the owner or occupier of any house, room or place, knowingly and wilfully permits it to be opened, kept, or used as a common betting house by another person, or who has the use or management, or assists in conducting the business, of a common betting house, is guilty of a misdemeanour and is liable to imprisonment for one year: Provided that(i) nothing herein contained shall make illegal the use of a totalisator by a race club, gymkhana club or sports club recognised by the Government, with the approval in each case of the Commissioner of Police. In this proviso, "totalisator" means and includes the instrument, machine or contrivance, commonly known as the totalisator and any other instrument, machine or contrivance of a like nature, or any scheme for enabling any number of persons to make bets with one another on the like principles; (ii) nothing in this section shall be deemed to prohibit any lottery lawfully promoted and conducted under the provisions of the Lotteries Act. (As amended by No. 15 of 1946 and Nos. 8 and 27 of 1957)
Cap. 163

176. Any person who appears, acts, or behaves as master or mistress, Keeper of premises defined or as the person having the care or management of any such house, room, set of rooms, or place as is mentioned in sections one hundred and seventy-four and one hundred and seventy-five is to be taken to be the keeper thereof, whether he is or is not the real keeper. 177. (1) Any person who(a) makes, produces or has in his possession any one or more obscene writings, drawings, prints, paintings, printed matter, pictures, posters, emblems, photographs, cinematograph films or any other object tending to corrupt morals; or (b) imports, conveys or exports, or causes to be imported conveyed or exported, any such matters or things, or in any manner whatsoever puts any of them in circulation; or (c) carries on or takes part in any business, whether public or private, concerned with any such matters or things, or deals in any such matters or things in any manner whatsoever, or distributes any of them, or exhibits any of them publicly, or makes a business of lending any of them; or (d) advertises or makes known by any means whatsoever with a view to assisting the circulation of, or traffic in, any such matters or things, that a person is engaged in any of the acts referred to in this section, or advertises or makes known how, or from whom, any such matters or things can be procured either directly or indirectly; or (e) publicly exhibits any indecent show or performance or any show or performance tending to corrupt morals; is guilty of a misdemeanour and is liable to imprisonment for five years or to a fine of not less than fifteen thousand penalty units nor more than seventy-five thousand penalty units. (2) If, in respect of any of the offences specified in paragraph (a), (b), (c) or (d) of subsection (1), any constituent element thereof is committed in Zambia, such commission shall be sufficient to render the person accused of such offence triable therefor in Zambia.
Obscene matters or things

(3) A court, on convicting any person of an offence against this section, may order to be confiscated or destroyed any matter or thing made, possessed or used for the purpose of such offence. (4) Any court may, on the application of a public prosecutor, order the destruction of any obscene matter or thing to which this section relates, whether any person may or may not have been convicted under the provisions of this section in respect of such obscene matter or thing. (5) No prosecution for an offence under this section shall be instituted without the written consent of the Director of Public Prosecutions. (No. 61 of 1970 and Act No. 13 of 1994)
177A. (1) Any person who engages a child or other person(a) in a pornographic performance; (b) in the production of a pornographic film or other material; or (c) in a pornographic activity of any nature; commits an offence and is liable, upon conviction, to a term of imprisonment of not less than fifteen years and may be liable to imprisonment for life. (2) Any person who(a) sells to a child pornographic material; (b) compels a child to watch a pornographic film or view pornography on the internet or elsewhere or in any form intended to corrupt a childs morals; commits an offence and is liable, upon conviction, to a term of imprisonment of not less than fifteen years. (3) A child who commits an offence under subsection (2) is liable, to such community service or counseling as the court may determine in the best interests of the child. (As amended by Act No. 15 of 2005)
Child pornography

178.

The following persons:

Idle and disorderly persons

(a) every common prostitute behaving in a disorderly or indecent manner in any public place;

(b) every person wandering or placing himself in any public place to beg or gather alms, or causing or procuring or encouraging any child or children so to do; (c) every person playing at any game of chance, not being an authorised lottery, for money or money's worth in any public place; (d) every person wandering abroad and endeavouring by the exposure of wounds or deformity to obtain or gather alms; (e) every person who, without lawful excuse, publicly does any indecent act; (f) every person who publicly conducts himself in a manner likely to cause a breach of the peace; and (g) every person who in any public place solicits for immoral purposes; are deemed idle and disorderly persons, and are liable to imprisonment for one month or to a fine not exceeding sixty penalty units or to both. (As amended by No. 15 of 1938, No. 26 of 1940, No. 29 of 1948 and Act No. 13 of 1994) 179. Every person who uses insulting language or otherwise conducts Use of insulting himself in a manner likely to give such provocation to any person as to language cause such person to break the public peace or to commit any offence against the person, is liable to imprisonment for three months or to a fine not exceeding four hundred and fifty penalty units or to both. (No. 15 of 1938 and Act No. 13 of 1994) 180. (1) Every person found drunk and incapable in any highway or other public place, or on any premises licensed under the Liquor Licensing Act, may be arrested without warrant and is liable to a penalty not exceeding one hundred and fifty penalty units, and on a second conviction within a period of twelve months is liable to a penalty not exceeding three hundred penalty units, and on a third or subsequent conviction within the said period of twelve months is liable to a penalty not exceeding six hundred penalty units.
Nuisances by drunken persons, etc. Cap. 167

(2) Every person who, in any highway or other public place or on any Cap. 167 premises licensed under the Liquor Licensing Act, is guilty while drunk of riotous or disorderly behaviour or who is drunk while in charge on any highway or railway or other public place of any horse, cattle, steam engine, locomotive, wagon, van, carriage or any other vehicle, other

than a motor vehicle, or who is drunk when in possession of any loaded firearms, may be arrested without warrant and is liable to a penalty not exceeding seven hundred and fifty penalty units, or to imprisonment with or without hard labour for a period not exceeding three months. (No. 21 of 1958 and Act No. 13 of 1994) 181. The following persons:
Rogues and vagabonds

(a) every person convicted of an offence under section one hundred and seventy-eight after having been previously convicted as an idle and disorderly person: (b) every person going about as a gatherer or collector of alms, or endeavouring to procure charitable contributions of any nature or kind, under any false or fraudulent pretence; (c) every suspected person or reputed thief who has no visible means of subsistence and cannot give a good account of himself; and (d) every person found wandering in or upon or near any premises or in any road or highway or any place adjacent thereto or in any public place at such time and under such circumstances as to lead to the conclusion that such person is there for an illegal or disorderly purpose; shall be deemed to be a rogue and vagabond, and are guilty of a misdemeanour and are liable for the first offence to imprisonment for three months, and for every subsequent offence to imprisonment for one year. 182. (1) In this section, unless the context otherwise requires"official uniform" means any uniform prescribed for or used by the Defence Force, the Zambia Police Force or any other force or service in Zambia, or such department of the Government as the President may, by statutory instrument, prescribe; "uniform" includes any distinctive part of such uniform.

Offences relating to official uniform

(2) Any person who unlawfully wears any official uniform, or any dress Wearing of official uniform with intent bearing any of the distinctive marks of any such official uniformto commit offence

(a) with intent to commit a felony is guilty of an offence and is liable upon conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding seven years;

or (b) with intent to commit any offence other than a felony is guilty of an offence and is liable upon conviction to a fine not exceeding seven thousand five hundred penalty units or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three years, or to both.
Unauthorised (3) Any person who, without authority, wears an official uniform, or wearing of official any dress having the appearance or distinctive marks of such official uniform uniform, is guilty of an offence and is liable upon conviction to a fine not exceeding seven hundred and fifty penalty units or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two months, or to both.

Provided that nothing in this section shall prevent any person from wearing any official uniform or dress in the course of a stage play performed in any place in which stage plays may lawfully and publicly be performed, or in the course of a music-hall or circus performance, or in the course of any bona fide military representation. (4) Any person who, not being in the service of the Republic or having previously received the written permission of the President or other appropriate authority so to do, imports, manufacturers or sells or has in his possession for sale any official uniform is guilty of an offence and is liable upon conviction to a fine not exceeding seven thousand five hundred penalty units or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three years, or to both.
Unauthorised importation, manufacture or sale of official uniform, etc.

Unauthorised (5) Any person who wears or uses without authority any badge or insignia of office, decoration, medal or ribbon supplied to or authorised wearing of badges, etc. for use by any member of the Defence Force, the Zambia Police Force or any other force or service in Zambia, or of such department of the Government as is prescribed under subsection (1), is guilty of an offence and is liable upon conviction to a fine not exceeding seven hundred and fifty penalty units, or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two months, or to both.

(6) Any person who unlawfully wears any official uniform, or any dress Bringing contempt having the appearance of or bearing any of the distinctive marks of any on official uniform such official uniform, in such manner or in such circumstances as to be likely to bring contempt on that uniform or dress is guilty of an offence and is liable upon conviction to a fine not exceeding seven hundred and

fifty penalty units or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two months, or to both such fine and imprisonment. (7) Any uniform, dress, button, badge or other thing which is the subject Forfeiture of official uniform, of an offence under this section is liable to forfeiture, unless the etc. President otherwise directs. (As amended by Federal Act No. 23 of 1955, G.N. No. 303 of 1964, S.I. No. 63 of 1964, Act No. 2 of 1987 and No. 13 of 1994)

183. Any person who unlawfully or negligently does any act which is, Negligent act and which he knows or has reason to believe to be, likely to spread the likely to spread infection infection of any disease dangerous to life, is guilty of a misdemeanour. 184. Any person who adulterates any article of food or drink, so as to Adulteration of make such article noxious as food or drink, intending to sell such article food or drink intended for sale as food or drink, or knowing it to be likely that the same will be sold as food or drink, is guilty of a misdemeanour.
Sale of noxious 185. Any person who sells, or offers or exposes for sale, as food or drink, any article which has been rendered or has become noxious, or is food or drink in a state unfit for food or drink, knowing or having reason to believe that the same is noxious as food or drink, is guilty of a misdemeanour.

186. Any person who adulterates any drug or medical preparation in Adulteration of such a manner as to lessen the efficacy or change the operation of such drugs drug or medical preparation, or to make it noxious, intending that it shall be sold or used for, or knowing it to be likely that it will be sold or used for, any medicinal purpose, as if it had not undergone such adulteration, is guilty of a misdemeanour.
Sale of adulterated 187. Any person who, knowing any drug or medical preparation to drugs have been adulterated in such a manner as to lessen its efficacy, to change its operation, or to render it noxious, sells the same, or offers or exposes it for sale, or issues it from any dispensary for medicinal purposes as unadulterated, or causes it to be used for medicinal purposes by any person not knowing of the adulteration, is guilty of a misdemeanour.

188.

Any person who voluntarily corrupts or fouls the water of any

Fouling water

public spring or reservoir, so as to render it less fit for the purpose for which it is ordinarily used, is guilty of a misdemeanour. 189. Any person who voluntarily vitiates the atmosphere in any place Fouling air so as to make it noxious to the health of persons in general dwelling or carrying on business in the neighbourhood or passing along a public way, is guilty of a misdemeanour.
Offensive trades 190. Any person who, for the purposes of trade or otherwise, makes loud noises or offensive or unwholesome smells in such places and circumstances as to annoy any considerable number of persons in the exercise of their common rights, commits and is liable to be punished as for a common nuisance.

CHAPTER XVIII DEFAMATION


Libel 191. Any person who, by print, writing, painting, effigy, or by any means otherwise than solely by gestures, spoken words, or other sounds, unlawfully publishes any defamatory matter concerning another person, with intent to defame that other person, is guilty of the misdemeanour termed "libel".

192. Defamatory matter is matter likely to injure the reputation of any Definition of defamatory matter person by exposing him to hatred, contempt or ridicule, or likely to damage any person in his profession or trade by an injury to his reputation. It is immaterial whether at the time of the publication of the defamatory matter the person concerning whom such matter is published is living or dead: Provided that no prosecution for the publication of defamatory matter concerning a dead person shall be instituted without the consent of the Director of Public Prosecutions. (As amended by S.I. No. 63 of 1964) 193. (1) A person publishes a libel if he causes the print, writing, painting, effigy or other means by which the defamatory matter is conveyed, to be dealt with, either by exhibition, reading, recitation, description, delivery, or otherwise, so that the defamatory meaning
Definition of publication

thereof becomes known or is likely to become known to either the person defamed or any other person. (2) It is not necessary for libel that a defamatory meaning should be directly or completely expressed; and it suffices if such meaning and its application to the person alleged to be defamed can be collected either from the alleged libel itself or from any extrinsic circumstances, or partly by the one and partly by the other means. 194. Any publication of defamatory matter concerning a person is unlawful within the meaning of this Chapter, unless(a) the matter is true and it was for the public benefit that it should be published; or (b) it is privileged on one of the grounds hereafter mentioned in this Chapter. 195. (1) The publication of defamatory matter is absolutely privileged, and no person shall, under any circumstances, be liable to punishment under this Code in respect thereof, in any of the following cases, namely: (a) if the matter is published by the President, or by the Cabinet or the National Assembly in any official document or proceeding; or (b) if the matter is published in the Cabinet or the National Assembly by a Minister or by any member of the National Assembly; or (c) if the matter is published concerning a person subject to military or naval discipline for the time being, and relates to his conduct as a person subject to such discipline, and is published by some person having authority over him in respect of such conduct, and to some person having authority over him in respect of such conduct; or (d) if the matter is published in the course of any judicial proceedings by a person taking part therein as a Judge or magistrate or commissioner or counsel or solicitor or assessor or witness or party thereto; or (e) if the matter published is in fact a fair report of anything said, done, or published in the Cabinet or the National Assembly; or
Cases in which publication of defamatory matter is absolutely privileged Definition of unlawful publication

(f)

if the person publishing the matter is legally bound to publish it.

(2) Where a publication is absolutely privileged, it is immaterial for the purposes of this Chapter whether the matter be true or false, and whether it be or be not known or believed to be false, and whether it be or be not published in good faith: Provided that nothing in this section shall exempt a person from any liability to punishment under any other Chapter of this Code or under any other Act or Statute in force within Zambia. (As amended by No. 26 of 1940 and G.N. No. 303 of 1964) 196. A publication of defamatory matter is privileged, on condition that it was published in good faith, if the relation between the parties by and to whom the publication is made is such that the person publishing the matter is under some legal, moral or social duty to publish it to the person to whom the publication is made or has a legitimate personal interest in so publishing it, provided that the publication does not exceed either in extent or matter what is reasonably sufficient for the occasion, and in any of the following cases, namely: (a) if the matter published is in fact a fair report of anything said, done, or shown in a civil or criminal inquiry or proceedings before any court: Provided that if the court prohibits the publication of anything said or shown before it, on the ground that it is seditious, immoral, or blasphemous, the publication thereof shall not be privileged; or (b) if the matter published is a copy or reproduction, or in fact a fair abstract, of any matter which has been previously published, and the previous publication of which was or would have been privileged under the last preceding section; or (c) if the matter is an expression of opinion, in good faith as to the conduct of a person in a judicial, official, or other public capacity, or as to his personal character so far as it appears in such conduct; or (d) if the matter is an expression of opinion in good faith as to the conduct of a person in relation to any public question or matter, or as to his personal character so far as it appears in such conduct; or (e) if the matter is an expression of opinion in good faith as to the conduct of any person as disclosed by evidence given in a public legal
Cases in which publication of defamatory matter is conditionally privileged

proceeding, whether civil or criminal, or as to the conduct of any person as a party, witness, or otherwise in any such proceeding, or as to the character of any person so far as it appears in any such conduct as in this paragraph mentioned; or (f) if the matter is an expression of opinion in good faith as to the merits of any book, writing, painting, speech, or other work, performance, or act published, or publicly done or made, or submitted by a person to the judgment of the public, or as to the character of the person so far as it appears therein; or (g) if the matter is a censure passed by a person in good faith on the conduct of another person in any matter in respect of which he has authority, by contract or otherwise, over the other person, or on the character of the other person, so far as it appears in such conduct; or (h) if the matter is a complaint or accusation made by a person in good faith against another person in respect of his conduct in any matter, or in respect of his character so far as it appears in such conduct, to any person having authority, by contract or otherwise, over that other person in respect of such conduct or matter, or having authority by law to inquire into or receive complaints respecting such conduct or matter; or (i) if the matter is published in good faith for the protection of the rights or interests of the person who publishes it, or of the person to whom it is published, or of some person in whom the person to whom it is published is interested. 197. A publication of defamatory matter shall not be deemed to have been made in good faith by a person, within the meaning of the last preceding section, if it is made to appear either(a) that the matter was untrue, and that he did not believe it to be true; or (b) that the matter was untrue, and that he published it without having taken reasonable care to ascertain whether it was true or false; or (c) that, in publishing the matter, he acted with intent to injure the person defamed in a substantially greater degree or substantially otherwise than was reasonably necessary for the interest of the public or for the protection of the private right or interest in respect of which he claims to be privileged. 198. If it is proved, on behalf of the accused person, that the defamatory matter was published under such circumstances that the
Presumption as to good faith Explanation as to good faith

publication would have been justified if made in good faith, the publication shall be presumed to have been made in good faith until the contrary is made to appear, either from the libel itself, or from the evidence given on behalf of the accused person, or from evidence given on the part of the prosecution. DIVISION IV OFFENCES AGAINST THE PERSON CHAPTER XIX MURDER AND MANSLAUGHTER 199. Any person who by an unlawful act or omission causes the death Manslaughter of another person is guilty of the felony termed "man-slaughter". An unlawful omission is an omission amounting to culpable negligence to discharge a duty tending to the preservation of life or health, whether such omission is or is not accompanied by an intention to cause death or bodily harm. 200. Any person who of malice aforethought causes the death of another person by an unlawful act or omission is guilty of murder. 201. (1) Any person convicted of murder shall be sentenced(a) to death; or
Murder

Punishment for murder

(b) where there are extenuating circumstances, to any sentence other than death: Provided that paragraph (b) of this subsection shall not apply to murder commited in the course of aggravated robbery with a firearm under section two hundred and ninety-four. (2) For the purpose of this section(a) an extenuating circumstance is any fact associated with the offence which would diminish morally the degree of the convicted person's guilt;

(b) in deciding whether or not there are extenuating circumstances, the court shall consider the standard of behaviour of an ordinary person of a class of the community to which the convicted person belongs. (As amended by Act No. 3 of 1990). 202. Any person who commits the felony of manslaughter is liable to imprisonment for life.
Punishment of manslaughter

203. Where a woman by any wilful act or omission causes the death of Infanticide her child, being a child under the age of twelve months, but at the time of the act or omission the balance of her mind was disturbed by reason of her not having fully recovered from the effect of giving birth to the child or by reason of the effect of lactation consequent upon the birth of the child, then, notwithstanding that the circumstances were such that but for this section the offence would have amounted to murder, she shall be guilty of felony, to wit of infanticide, and may for such offence be dealt with and punished as if she had been guilty of the offence of manslaughter of the child. (No. 26 of 1940) 204. Malice aforethought shall be deemed to be established by evidence proving any one or more of the following circumstances: (a) an intention to cause the death of or to do grievous harm to any person, whether such person is the person actually killed or not; (b) knowledge that the act or omission causing death will probably cause the death of or grievous harm to some person, whether such person is the person actually killed or not, although such knowledge is accompanied by indifference whether death or grievous bodily harm is caused or not, or by a wish that it may not be caused; (c) an intent to commit a felony; (d) an intention by the act or omission to facilitate the flight or escape from custody of any person who has committed or attempted to commit a felony. 205. (1) When a person who unlawfully kills another under circumstances which, but for the provisions of this section, would constitute murder, does the act which causes death in the heat of passion, caused by sudden provocation as hereinafter defined, and before there is time for his passion to cool, he is guilty of manslaughter
Killing on provocation Malice aforethought

only. (2) The provisions of this section shall not apply unless the court is satisfied that the act which causes death bears a reasonable relationship to the provocation. (As amended by No. 28 of 1952)
Provocation 206. (1) The term "provocation" means and includes, except as defined hereinafter stated, any wrongful act or insult of such a nature as to be likely, when done or offered to an ordinary person, or in the presence of an ordinary person to another person who is under his immediate care, or to whom he stands in a conjugal, parental, filial, or fraternal relation, or in the relation of master or servant, to deprive him of the power of self-control and to induce him to assult the person by whom the act or insult is done or offered. For the purposes of this section, "an ordinary person" shall mean an ordinary person of the community to which the accused belongs.

(2) When such an act or insult is done or offered by one person to another, or in the presence of another to a person who is under the immediate care of that other, or to whom the latter stands in any such relation as aforesaid, the former is said to give the latter provocation for an assault. (3) A lawful act is not provocation to any person for an assault. (4) An act which a person does in consequence of incitement given by another person in order to induce him to do the act and thereby to furnish an excuse for committing an assault is not provocation to that other person for an assault. (5) An arrest which is unlawful is not necessarily provocation for an assault, but it may be evidence of provocation to a person who knows of the illegality. (As amended by No. 26 of 1933 and No. 26 of 1940)
Causing death 207. A person is deemed to have caused the death of another person although his act is not the immediate or sole cause of death in any of the defined following cases:

(a) If he inflicts bodily injury on another person in consequence of which that other person undergoes surgical or medical treatment which causes death. In this case it is immaterial whether the treatment was proper or mistaken, if it was employed in good faith and with common knowledge and skill; but the person inflicting the injury is not deemed to have caused the death if the treatment which was its immediate cause was not employed in good faith or was so employed without common knowledge or skill; (b) If he inflicts bodily injury on another which would not have caused death if the injured person had submitted to proper surgical or medical treatment or had observed proper precautions as to his mode of living; (c) If by actual or threatened violence he causes that other person to perform an act which causes the death of that person, such act being a means of avoiding such violence which in the circumstances would appear natural to the person whose death is so caused; (d) If by any act or omission he hastens the death of a person suffering under any disease or injury which apart from such act or omission would have caused death; (e) If his act or omission would not have caused death unless it had been accompanied by an act or omission of the person killed or of other persons. 208. A child becomes a person capable of being killed when it has completely proceeded in a living state from the body of its mother, whether it has breathed or not, and whether it has an independent circulation or not, and whether the navel-string is severed or not. 209. (1) A person is not deemed to have killed another if the death of that person does not take place within a year and a day of the cause of death. (2) Such period is reckoned inclusive of the day on which the last unlawful act contributing to the cause of death was done. (3) When the cause of death is an omission to observe or perform a duty, the period is reckoned inclusive of the day on which the omission ceased.
When child deemed to be a person

Limitation as to time of death

(4) When the cause of death is in part an unlawful act, and in part an omission to observe or perform a duty, the period is reckoned inclusive of the day on which the last unlawful act was done or the day on which the omission ceased, whichever is the later.

CHAPTER XX

DUTIES RELATING TO THE PRESERVATION OF LIFE AND HEALTH


Responsibility of 210. It is the duty of every person having charge of another who is person who has unable by reason of age, sickness, unsoundness of mind, detention or charge of another any other cause to withdraw himself from such charge, and who is unable to provide himself with the necessaries of life, whether the charge is undertaken under a contract, or is imposed by law, or arises by reason of any act, whether lawful or unlawful, of the person who has such charge, to provide for that other person the necessaries of life; and he shall be deemed to have caused any consequences which adversely affect the life or health of the other person by reason of any omission to perform that duty.

211. It is the duty of every person who, as head of a family, has charge Duty of head of family of a child under the age of fourteen years, being a member of his household, to provide the necessaries of life for such child; and he shall be deemed to have caused any consequences which adversely affect the life or health of the child by reason of any omission to perform that duty, whether the child is helpless or not.
Duty of masters 212. It is the duty of every person who as master or mistress has and mistresses contracted to provide necessary food, clothing, or lodging for any servant or apprentice under the age of sixteen years to provide the same; and he or she shall be deemed to have caused any consequences which adversely affect the life or health of the servant or apprentice by reason of any omission to perform that duty.

213. It is the duty of every person who, except in a case of necessity, Duty of persons doing dangerous undertakes to administer surgical or medical treatment to any other acts person, or to do any other lawful act which is or may be dangerous to human life or health, to have reasonable skill and to use reasonable care in doing such act; and he shall be deemed to have caused any

consequences which adversely affect the life or health of any person by reason of any omission to observe or perform that duty. 214. It is the duty of every person who has in his charge or under his Duty of persons in charge of control anything, whether living or inanimate, and whether moving or dangerous things stationery, of such a nature that, in the absence of care or precaution in its use or management, the life, safety, or health of any person may be endangered, to use reasonable care and take reasonable precautions to avoid such danger; and he shall be deemed to have caused any consequences which adversely affect the life or health of any person by reason of any omission to perform that duty.

CHAPTER XXI OFFENCES CONNECTED WITH MURDER 215. (a) Any person whoattempts unlawfully to cause the death of another; or
Attempt to murder

(b) with intent unlawfully to cause the death of another does any act, or omits to do any act which it is his duty to do, such act or omission being of such a nature as to be likely to endanger human life; is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for life. 216. Any person who, being under sentence of imprisonment for three Attempt to murder years or more, attempts to commit murder, is liable to imprisonment for by convict life. (As amended by No. 26 of 1933) 217. Any person who becomes an accessory after the fact to murder is Accessory after the fact to murder guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years.
Written threat to 218. Any person who, knowing the contents thereof, directly or murder indirectly causes any person to receive any writing threatening to kill any person, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years.

219.

Any person who conspires with any other person to kill any

Conspiracy to murder

person, whether such person is in Zambia or elsewhere, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for fourteen years. 220. Any person who, when a woman is delivered of a child, endeavours, by any secret disposition of the dead body of the child, to conceal the birth, whether the child died before, at, or after its birth, is guilty of a misdemeanour.
Concealing the birth of children

221. (1) Subject as hereinafter in this subsection provided, any person Child destruction who, with intent to destroy the life of a child capable of being born alive, by any wilful act causes a child to die before it has an existence independent of its mother, is guilty of felony, to wit, of child destruction, and is liable on conviction thereof to imprisonment for life: Provided that no person shall be found guilty of an offence under this section unless it is proved that the act which caused the death of the child was not done in good faith for the purpose only of preserving the life of the mother. (2) For the purposes of this section, evidence that a woman had at any material time been pregnant for a period of twenty-eight weeks or more shall be prima facie proof that she was at that time pregnant of a child capable of being born alive. (No. 28 of 1931) CHAPTER XXII OFFENCES ENDANGERING LIFE OR HEALTH 222. Any person who, by any means calculated to choke, suffocate or strangle, and with intent to commit or to facilitate the commission of a felony or misdemeanour, or to facilitate the flight of an offender after the commission or attempted commission of a felony or misdemeanour, renders or attempts to render any person incapable of resistance, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for life. (As amended by No. 26 of 1933)
Stupefying with 223. Any person who, with intent to commit or to facilitate the commission of a felony or misdemeanour, or to facilitate the flight of an intent to commit felony or Disabling with intent to commit felony or misdemeanour

offender after the commission or attempted commission of a felony or misdemeanour, administers or attempts to administer any stupefying or overpowering drug or thing to any person, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for life. 224. Any person who, with intent to maim, disfigure or disable any person, or to do some grievous harm to any person, or to resist or prevent the lawful arrest or detention of any person(a) unlawfully wounds or does any grievous harm to any person by any means whatever; or (b) unlawfully attempts in any manner to strike any person with any kind of projectile or with a spear, sword, knife, or other dangerous or offensive weapon; or (c) unlawfully causes any explosive substance to explode; or (d) sends or delivers any explosive substance or other dangerous or noxious thing to any person; or (e) causes any such substance or thing to be taken or received by any person; or (f) puts any corrosive fluid or any destructive or explosive substance in any place; or (g) unlawfully casts or throws any such fluid or substance at or upon any person, or otherwise applies any such fluid or substance to the person of any person; is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for life. 225. Any person who unlawfully-

misdemeanour

Acts intended to cause grievous harm or prevent arrest

(a) prevents or obstructs any person who is on board of, or is escaping from a vessel which is in distress or wrecked, in his endeavours to save his life; or (b) obstructs any person in his endeavours to save the life of any person so situated; is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for life. 226. (1) Any person who, with intent either to injure or endanger the safety of any person travelling by any railway, whether a particular person or not, or to affect or endanger the free and safe use of any railway or who, with intent to derail or cause to be derailed any railway engine, tender, wagon or carriage-

Preventing escape from wreck

Acts endangering railways and persons travelling thereon

(a)

places anything on such railway; or

(b) interferes with such railway or with anything whatsoever upon or near such railway; or (c) shoots or throws anything at, into or upon, or causes anything to come into contact with, any person or thing on such railway; or (d) shows any light or signal or in any way deals with any existing light or signal upon or near such railway; or (e) wilfully fails to do any act which it is his duty to do;

is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for life.


Cap. 53 (2) Subject to the provisions of the Juveniles Act, where a person has been convicted of an offence under subsection (1) and his intent was to derail or cause to be derailed any railway engine, tender, wagon or carriage, he shall be sentenced to not less than five years' imprisonment.

(No. 34 of 1960)

227. (1) Any person who, save with the express authority of the Zambia Trespass on Railways or with some other lawful authority or lawful excuse, enters or railway remains or is found upon any portion of the railway reserve is guilty of a misdemeanour and is liable to a fine not exceeding three thousand penalty units or to imprisonment for a period not exceeding two years, or to both.

(2) Any person guilty of an offence under the provisions of subsection (1) who was, at the time such offence was committed, in possession without lawful excuse of any article or implement capable of being used to destroy, damage or dismantle any railway line or part thereof or any railway engine or rolling stock using such railway line, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for a period not exceeding fourteen years.

(3) Without prejudice to any other defence which may be open to him, a person shall be deemed to have lawful authority for the purposes of this section if he proves-

(a)

that he was on a public way or an authorised path; or

(b) that he was on a portion of the railway reserve upon which members of the public are admitted for the purposes of the Zambia Railways. (4) A Divisional Commander of Police may, in his discretion and after consultation with the Zambia Railways, authorise such paths across the railway reserve as he deems necessary for the passage of persons across such reserve, and any path so authorised(a) shall be entered in a register kept or caused to be kept by the Divisional Commander of Police concerned; and (b) shall be signposted by the Zambia Railways in such manner as the Minister responsible for power, transport and works may from time to time, by statutory notice, prescribe. (5) In any proceedings under the provisions of this section(a) the onus of proving that any person had express or other authority or had lawful excuse shall lie upon such person; and (b) every railway line, other than the Zambesi Sawmills Railway Line, over which goods and passengers are carried for fee or reward shall be presumed to be owned by the Zambia Railways unless the contrary is proved; and (c) any document purporting to be an extract or copy of any entry in a register kept under the provisions of subsection (4) and to be certified under the hand of a police officer of or above the rank of Sub-Inspector shall be received in evidence as to the matters stated therein. (6) For the purposes of this section"authorised path" means a path entered in any register kept under the provisions of subsection (4); "railway reserve" means the strip of land along any railway line owned by the Zambia Railways extending-

(a) where the said line consists of a single track, for a distance of one hundred feet outwards from each rail; and (b) where the said line consists of two or more tracks, for a distance of one hundred feet outwards from the outermost rail on each side of such tracks; and including all the land between the outermost rails. (No. 34 of 1960 as amended by G.N. No. 493 of 1964 and No. 24 of 1977) 228. Any person who, with intent either to injure or to endanger the safety of any person travelling in any motor vehicle as defined in the Roads and Road Traffic Act, shoots or throws anything at, into or upon or causes anything to come into contact with any such person or any such vehicle, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for life. (No. 26 of 1961) 229. Any person who unlawfully does grievous harm to another is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years.
Grievous harm Acts endangering the safety of persons travelling in motor vehicles. Cap. 464

Attempting to 230. Any person who unlawfully, and with intent to do any harm to another, puts any explosive substance in any place whatever, is guilty of injure by explosive substances a felony and is liable to imprisonment for fourteen years.

231. Any person who unlawfully, and with intent to injure or annoy another, causes any poison or noxious thing to be administered to, or taken by, any person, and thereby endangers his life, or does him some grievous harm, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for fourteen years. 232. Any person who-

Maliciously administering poison with intent to harm

Unlawful wounding or poisoning

(a)

unlawfully wounds another; or

(b) unlawfully, and with intent to injure or annoy any person, causes any poison or other noxious thing to be administered to, or taken by, any

person; is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for three years. 233. Any person who, being charged with the duty of providing for another the necessaries of life, without lawful excuse fails to do so, whereby the life of that other person is or is likely to be endangered, or his health is or is likely to be permanently injured, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for three years. 234. A person is not criminally responsible for performing in good faith and with reasonable care and skill a surgical operation upon any person for his benefit, or upon an unborn child for the preservation of the mother's life, if the performance of the operation is reasonable, having regard to the patient's state at the time, and to all the circumstances of the case. 235. Any person authorised by law or by the consent of the person injured by him to use force is criminally responsible for any excess, according to the nature and quality of the act which constitutes the excess. 236. Notwithstanding anything contained in section two hundred and thirty-five, consent by a person to the causing of his own death or his own maim does not affect the criminal responsibility of any person by whom such death or maim is caused. CHAPTER XXIII CRIMINAL RECKLESSNESS AND NEGLIGENCE 237. Any person who in a manner so rash or negligent as to en-danger Reckless and negligent acts human life or to be likely to cause harm to any other person(a) drives any vehicle or rides on any public way; or
Failure to supply necessaries

Responsibility as to surgical operation

Criminal responsibility

Exception

(b) navigates, or takes part in the navigation or working of any vessel; or (c) does any act with fire or any combustible matter, or omits to take

precautions against any probable danger from any fire or any combustible matter in his possession; or (d) omits to take precautions against any probable danger from any animal in his possession; or (e) gives medical or surgical treatment to any person whom he has undertaken to treat; or (f) dispenses, supplies, sells, administers, or gives away any medicine or poisonous or dangerous matter; or (g) does any act with respect to, or omits to take proper precautions against any probable danger from any machinery of which he is solely or partly in charge; is guilty of a misdemeanour. (As amended by No. 45 of 1969) 238. Any person who unlawfully does any act, or omits to do any act Unlawful acts which it is his duty to do, not being an act or omission specified in the causing harm preceding section, by which act or omission harm is caused to any person, is guilty of a misdemeanour and is liable to imprisonment for six months. 239. Whoever does, with any poisonous substance, any act in a manner so rash or negligent as to endanger human life, or to be likely to cause hurt or injury to any other person, or knowingly or negligently omits to take such care with any poisonous substance in his possession as is sufficient to guard against probable danger to human life from such poisonous substance, is guilty of a misdemeanour and is liable to imprisonment for six months or to a fine not exceeding three thousand penalty units. (No. 26 of 1940 and Act No. 13 of 1994) 240. Any person who, by any unlawful act or omission not specified in section two hundred and twenty-six, causes the safety of any person travelling by any railway to be endangered, is guilty of a misdemeanour.
Endangering safety of persons travelling by railway Dealing with poisonous substances in negligent manner

241. Any person who exhibits any false light, mark or buoy, intending Exhibition of false

or knowing it to be likely that such exhibition will mislead any navigator, is liable to imprisonment for seven years. 242. Any person who knowingly or negligently conveys, or causes to be conveyed for hire, any person by water in any vessel, when that vessel is in such a state or so loaded as to be unsafe, is guilty of a misdemeanour.

light, mark or buoy

Conveying person by water for hire in unsafe or overloaded vessel

243. (1) Any person who, without lawful cause or reasonable excuse, Obstruction of waterways does any act with intent to obstruct or impede the navigation by any vessel of any waters capable of being used for navigation is guilty of an offence and is liable on conviction to imprisonment for a period not exceeding three years. (2) For the purposes of this section, "vessel" includes any canoe, boat, ship or raft. (No. 18 of 1962) 244. Any person who, by doing any act, or by omitting to take reasonable care with any property in his possession or under his charge, causes danger, obstruction or injury to any person in any public way or public line of navigation, is liable to a fine. 245. (1) Any person who enters upon an aerodrome is guilty of a misdemeanour unless such person proves(a) that he did not know that the land on which he entered was an aerodrome; or (b) that he had reasonable cause for being on such aerodrome.
Danger or obstruction in public way or line of navigation

Trespass on aerodromes

(2) Any person who, being in charge of an animal, causes or permits such animal to trespass on an aerodrome is guilty of a misdemeanour. (3) A misdemeanour under this section is punishable with imprisonment for a period not exceeding one month or with a fine not exceeding seven hundred and fifty penalty units, or both.

(4) For the purposes of this section, "aerodrome" includes an airport, landing ground, or other place normally used by aircraft for landing and taking off. (No. 28 of 1949 and Act No. 13 of 1994) 246. (1) Any person who, without lawful cause or reasonable excuse, does any act with intent to obstruct, whether partially or otherwise, any road or runway is guilty of an offence and is liable on conviction to imprisonment for a period not exceeding three years. (2) For the purposes of this section"road" shall have the meaning assigned to it by section two of the Roads and Road Traffic Act; "runway" includes any landing ground or other place ordinarily used by aircraft for landing or taking off. (No. 18 of 1962) CHAPTER XXIV ASSAULTS 247. Any person who unlawfully assaults another is guilty of a misdemeanour and, if the assault is not committed in circumstances for which a greater punishment is provided in this Code, is liable to imprisonment for one year.
Common assault Obstruction of roads or runways

Cap. 464

Assaults 248. Any person who commits an assault occasioning actual bodily harm is guilty of a misdemeanour and is liable to imprisonment for five occasioning actual bodily harm years. 248A. Any person who commits an assault or battery on a child occasioning actual bodily harm commits an offence and is liable, upon conviction, to a term of imprisonment of not less than five years and not exceeding ten years. (As amended by Act No. 15 of 2005)
Assault or battering of child

249. Any person who assaults and strikes or wounds any magistrate, officer, or other person lawfully authorised in or on account of the execution of his duty in or concerning the preservation of any vessel in distress, or of any vessel or goods or effects wrecked, stranded, or cast

Assaults on persons protecting wrecks

on shore, or lying under water, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years. 250. Any person whoAssaults punishable with five years' imprisonment

(a) assaults any person with intent to commit a felony or to resist or prevent the lawful apprehensive or detainer of himself or of any other person for any offence; or (b) assaults, resists, or wilfully obstructs any police officer in the due execution of his duty, or any person acting in aid of such officer; or (c) assaults any person in pursuance of any unlawful combination or conspiracy to raise the rate of wages, or respecting any trade, business, or manufacture or respecting any person concerned or employed therein; or (d) assaults, resists, or obstructs any person engaged in lawful execution of process, or in making a lawful distress, with intent to rescue any property lawfully taken under such process or distress; or (e) assaults any person on account of any act done by him in the execution of any duty imposed on him by law; is guilty of a misdemeanour and is liable to imprisonment for five years.

CHAPTER XXV OFFENCES AGAINST LIBERTY 251. Any person who conveys any person beyond the limits of Zambia Definition of without the consent of that person, or of some person legally authorised kidnapping from Zambia to consent on behalf of that person, is said to kidnap that person from Zambia. 252. Any person who takes or entices any minor under fourteen years of age if a male, or under sixteen years of age if a female, or any person of unsound mind, out of the keeping of the lawful guardian of such minor or person of unsound mind, without the consent of such guardian, is said to kidnap such minor or person from lawful guardianship. 253. Any person who by force compels, or by any deceitful means induces, any person to go from any place, is said to abduct that person.
Definition of kidnapping from lawful guardianship

Definition of abduction

254. Any person who kidnaps any person from Zambia or from lawful Punishment for kidnapping guardianship, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years. 255. Any person who kidnaps or abducts any person in order that such Kidnapping or person may be murdered, or may be so disposed of as to be put in danger abducting in order to murder of being murdered, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for ten years. 256. Any person who kidnaps or abducts any person with intent to cause that person to be secretly and wrongfully confined, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years.
Kidnapping or abducting with intent to confine person

257. Any person who kidnaps or abducts any person in order that such person may be subjected, or may be so disposed of as to be put in danger of being subjected, to grievous harm, or slavery, or to the unnatural lust of any person, or knowing it to be likely that such person will be so subjected or disposed of, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for ten years. 258. Any person who, knowing that any person has been kidnapped or has been abducted, wrongfully conceals or confines such person, is guilty of a felony and shall be punished in the same manner as if he had kidnapped or abducted such person with the same intention or knowledge, or for the same purpose, as that with or for which he conceals or detains such person in confinement. 259. Any person who kidnaps or abducts any child under the age of fourteen years with the intention of taking dishonestly any movable property from the person of such child, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years.

Kidnapping or abducting in order to subject person to grievous harm, slavery, etc.

Wrongfully concealing or keeping in confinement kidnapped or abducted person

Kidnapping or abducting child under fourteen with intent to steal from its person

Punishment for 260. Whoever wrongfully confines any person is guilty of a misdemeanour and is liable to imprisonment for one year or to a fine not wrongful confinement exceeding six thousand penalty units.

(No. 26 of 1940 and Act No. 13 of 1994) 261. Any person who imports, exports, removes, buys, sells or
Buying or

disposes of any person as a slave, or accepts, receives or detains against disposing of any person as a slave his will any person as a slave, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years. 262. Any person who habitually imports, exports, removes, buys, sells, Habitual dealing in slaves traffics or deals in slaves is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for ten years. 263. Any person who unlawfully compels any person to labour against Unlawful compulsory labour the will of that person is guilty of a misdemeanour.

DIVISION V OFFENCES RELATING TO PROPERTY CHAPTER XXVI THEFT 264. (1) Every inanimate thing whatever which is the property of any person, and which is movable, is capable of being stolen. (2) Every inanimate thing which is the property of any person, and which is capable of being made movable, is capable of being stolen as soon as it becomes movable, although it is made movable in order to steal it. (3) Every tame animal, whether tame by nature or wild by nature and tamed, which is the property of any person, is capable of being stolen. (4) Animals wild by nature, of a kind which is not ordinarily found in a condition of natural liberty in Zambia, which are the property of any person, and which are usually kept in a state of confinement, are capable of being stolen, whether they are actually in confinement or have escaped from confinement. (5) Animals wild by nature, of a kind which is ordinarily found in a
Things capable of being stolen

condition of natural liberty in Zambia, which are the property of any person, are capable of being stolen while they are in confinement and while they are being actually pursued after escaping from confinement, but not at any other time. (6) An animal wild by nature is deemed to be in a state of confinement so long as it is in a den, cage, sty, tank, or other small enclosure, or is otherwise so placed that it cannot escape, and that its owner can take possession of it at pleasure. (7) Wild animals in the enjoyment of their natural liberty are not capable of being stolen, but their dead bodies are capable of being stolen. (8) Everything produced by or forming part of the body of an animal capable of being stolen is capable of being stolen. 265. (1) A person who fraudulently and without claim of right takes anything capable of being stolen, or fraudulently converts to the use of any person other than the general or special owner thereof anything capable of being stolen, is said to steal that thing. (2) A person who takes or converts anything capable of being stolen is deemed to do so fraudulently if he does so with any of the following intents, that is to say: (a) an intent permanently to deprive the general or special owner of the thing of it; (b) an intent to use the thing as a pledge or security;
Definition of theft

(c) an intent to part with it on a condition as to its return which the person taking or converting it may be unable to perform; (d) an intent to deal with it in such a manner that it cannot be returned in the condition in which it was at the time of the taking or conversion; (e) in the case of money, an intent to use it at the will of the person

who takes or converts it, although he may intend afterwards to repay the amount to the owner. (3) When a thing stolen is converted, it is immaterial whether it is taken for the purpose of conversion, or whether it is at the time of the conversion in the possession of the person who converts it. It is also immaterial that the person who converts the thing in question is the holder of a power of attorney for the disposition of it, or is otherwise authorised to dispose of it. (4) When a thing converted has been lost by the owner and found by the person who converts it, the conversion is not deemed to be fraudulent if at the time of the conversion the person taking or converting the thing does not know who is the owner, and believes on reasonable grounds that the owner cannot be discovered. (5) A person shall not be deemed to take a thing unless he moves the thing or causes it to move. (6) For the purposes of this section, "special owner" includes any person who has any charge or lien upon the thing in question, or any right arising from or dependent upon holding possession of the thing in question. 266. (1) When a factor or agent pledges or gives a lien on any goods or Special cases document of title to goods entrusted to him for the purpose of sale or otherwise for any sum of money not greater than the amount due to him from his principal at the time of pledging or giving the lien, together with the amount of any bill of exchange or promissory note accepted or made by him for or on account of his principal, such dealing with the goods or document of title is not deemed to be theft. (2) When a servant, contrary to his mater's orders, takes from his possession any food in order that it may be given to an animal belonging to or in the possession of his master, such taking is not deemed to be theft. 267. When a person receives, either alone or jointly with another person, any money or valuable security or a power of attorney for the
Funds, etc., held under direction

sale, mortgage, pledge, or other disposition of any property, whether capable of being stolen or not with a direction in either case that such money or any part thereof, or any other money received in exchange for it, or any part thereof, or the proceeds or any part of the proceeds of such security, or of such mortgage, pledge, or other disposition, shall be applied to any purpose or paid to any person specified in the direction, such money and proceeds are deemed to be the property of the person from whom the money, security, or power of attorney was received until the direction has been complied with. (As amended by No. 9 of 1968)
Funds, etc., 268. When a person receives, either alone or jointly with another person, any property from another on terms authorising or requiring him received by agents for sale to sell it or otherwise dispose of it, and requiring him to pay or account for the proceeds of the property, or any part of such proceeds, or to deliver anything received in exchange for the property, to the person from whom it is received, or some other person, then the proceeds of the property, and anything so received in exchange for it, are deemed to be the property of the person from whom the property was so received, until they have been disposed of in accordance with the terms on which the property was received, unless it is a part of those terms that the proceeds, if any, shall form an item in a debtor and creditor account between him and the person to whom he is to pay them or account for them, and that the relation of debtor and creditor only shall exist between them in respect thereof.

Money received 269. When a person receives, either alone or jointly with another person, any money on behalf of another, the money is deemed to be the for another property of the person on whose behalf it is received, unless the money is received on the terms that it shall form an item in a debtor and creditor account, and that the relation of debtor and creditor only shall exist between, the parties in respect of it.

Theft by persons 270. When any person takes or converts anything capable of being stolen, under such circumstances as would otherwise amount to theft, it having an interest in the thing stolen is immaterial that he himself has a special property or interest therein, or that he himself is the owner of the thing taken or converted subject to some special property or interest of some other person therein, or that he is lessee of the thing, or that he himself is one of two or more joint owners of the thing, or that he is a director or officer of a corporation or company or society who are the owners of it.

Husband and wife 271. A person who, while a man and his wife are living together, procures either of them to deal with anything which is, to his knowledge, the property of the other in a manner which would be theft if they were not married, is deemed to have stolen the thing, and may be charged with theft.

272. Any person who steals anything capable of being stolen is guilty General of the felony termed "theft", and, unless owing to the circumstances of punishment for theft the theft or the nature of the thing stolen some other punishment is provided, is liable to imprisonment for five years. (As amended by Act No. 29 of 1974) 273. If the thing stolen is a testamentary instrument, whether the testator is living or dead, the offender is liable to imprisonment for ten years. (As amended by No. 28 of 1931)
Stealing postal 274. If the thing stolen is postal matter or any chattel, money, or valuable security contained in any postal matter, the offender is liable to matter, etc. imprisonment for ten years. Stolen wills

275. (1) If the thing stolen is any of the following, that is to say: a horse, Stock theft mare, gelding, ass, mule, camel, ostrich, ram, ewe, wether, goat or pig, or the young of any such animal, the offender is liable(a) in the case of a first offence, to imprisonment not exceeding fifteen years; (b) in the case of a second and subsequent offence to imprisonment for a period of not less than seven years and not exceeding fifteen years. (2) If the thing stolen is a bull, cow or ox, or the young of any such animal, the offender is liable to imprisonment for a period(a) in the case of a first offence, of not less than five years and not exceeding fifteen years; (b) in the case of a second or subsequent offence, of not less than

seven years and not exceeding fifteen years. 275A. (1) Nothwithstanding subsection (2) of section twenty-six, if the thing stolen is copper cathodes, copper bars, cobalt, lead, zinc or vanadium the offender is liable to imprisonment for a period not exceeding fifteen years. (2) Where a person is convicted of an offence under this Act the court which convicts him shall, in addition to any other penalty imposed under subsection (1), order the forfeiture of all the property which is the subject of that offence or which has been used for the commission of that offence: Provided that no conveyance which has been used for the commission of the offence shall be forfeited if the offence was committed by a person other than the owner or person in charge of the conveyance and it is proved to the court that the use of the conveyance for the commission of the offence was without the consent and knowledge of the owner or person in charge of the conveyance and was not due to any neglect, default or lack of reasonable care by the owner or the person in charge of the conveyance. (3) Where it is proved to the satisfaction of the court that an offence has been committed under this Section, the court shall make an order for the forfeiture of all property which is the subject matter of that offence or which has been used for the commission of that offence, notwithstanding that no person may have been convicted of the offence: Provided that the proviso to subsection (2) shall apply in relation to an order for forfeiture under this subsection. (As amended by Act No. 23 of 1993) 276. If a theft is committed under any of the circumstances following, Stealing from the person; stealing that is to say: (a) if the thing is stolen from the person of another;
goods in transit, etc. Stealing copper cathodes, copper bars, cobalt, lead, zinc or vanadium

(b) if the thing is stolen in a dwelling-house and its value exceeds one hundred and fifty fee units or the offender, at or immediately before or after the time of stealing uses or threatens to use violence to any person in the dwelling-house;

(c) if the thing is stolen from any kind of vessel or vehicle or place of deposit used for the conveyance or custody of goods in transit from one place to another; (d) if the thing stolen is attached to or forms part of a railway; (e) if the thing is stolen from a vessel which is in distress or wrecked or stranded; (f) if the thing is stolen from a public office in which it is deposited or kept; (g) if the offender, in order to commit the offence, opens any locked room, box, or other receptacle, by means of a key or other instrument; the offender is liable to imprisonment for seven years. (As amended by Act No. 13 of 1994) 277. If the offender is a person employed in the public service and the Stealing by persons in public service thing stollen is the property of the Government, a local authority or a corporation, body or board, including an institution of higher learning in which the Government has a majority or con-trolling interest, or came into his possession by virtue of his employment, he is liable to imprisonment for fifteen years. (As amended by Act No. 29 of 1974)
Stealing by clerks 278. If the offender is a clerk or servant and the thing stolen is the property of his employer, or came into the possession of the offender on and servants account of his employer, he is liable to imprisonment for seven years.

279. If the offender is a director or officer of a corporation or company and the thing stolen is the property of the corporation or company, he is liable to imprisonment for seven years

Stealing by directors or officers of companies

280.

If the thing stolen is any of the things following, that is to say:

(a) property which has been received by the offender with a power of attorney for the deposition thereof; (b) property which has been entrusted to the offender either alone or jointly with any other person for him to retain in safe custody or to apply, pay, or deliver for any purpose or to any person the same or any part thereof or any proceeds thereof; (c property which has been received by the offender either alone or jointly with any other person for or on account of any other person;

Stealing by agents etc.

(d) the whole or part of the proceeds of any valuable security which has been received by the offender with a direction that the proceeds thereof should be applied to any purpose or paid to any person specified in the direction; (e) the whole or part of the proceeds arising from any disposition of any property which has been received by the offender by virtue of a power of attorney for such disposition, such power of attorney having been received by the offender with a direction that such proceeds should be applied to any purpose or paid to any person specified in the direction; the offender is liable to imprisonment for seven years.
Stealing by tenants 281. If the thing stolen is a fixture or chattel let to the offender to be used by him with a house or lodging and its value exceeds one hundred or lodgers and fifty fee units, he is liable to imprisonment for seven years.

(As amended by Act No. 13 of 1994) 281A. (1) If the thing stolen is a motor vehicle, the offender is liable to Stealing of motor vehicle imprisonment for a period(a) in the case of a first offence, of not less than five years and not exceeding fifteen years; (b) in the case of a second or subsequent offence, of not less than seven years and not exceeding fifteen years. (2) In this section, "motor vehicle" means a motor vehicle or trailer(a) which is registered or registrable under the provisions of section Cap. 464 sixty-six of the Roads and Road Traffic Act; or (b) which is exempted from the need for registration under any of the provisions of the Roads and Road Traffic Act or any regulation made thereunder. (3) Where a person is convicted of an offence under subsection (1) the court which convicts the person shall, in addition to any other penalty imposed under that sunsection, order the forfeiture of all the property
Cap. 464

which has been used for or derived from the commission of that offence: Provided that no property which has been used for the commission of the offence shall be forfeited if the offence was committed by a person other than the owner or person in charge of the property and it is proved to the court that the use of the property for the commission of the offence was without the consent and knowledge of the owner or person in charge of the property. (4) Where a person is charged with an offence under subsection (1) the trial court may, notwithstanding that the person was not originally charged with that offence, convict the person of a lesser offence and the person shall, upon such conviction, be liable to a fine of not less than fifty-eight thousand penalty units or to imprisonment for a term of not less than five years, or to both. 281B. (1) A policy officer may, without a warrant, stop, search and arrest any person found driving, or in possession, charge or control of a Search, seizure and arrest of person in motor vehicle, where the officer believes, on reasonable grounds, that relation to theft of the vehicle is stolen. (2) Where an arrest is made under subsection (1) the police officer may seize the vehicle and any documents relating to the vehicle. (3) A police officer who arrests any person or seizes a motor vehicle under this section shall as soon as practicable take the person, the vehicle and any documents relating to the nearest police station. (4) A person arrested and any motor vehicle seized under this section shall, within forty-eight hours of arrest and seizure, be brought before a court. (5) Any motor vehicle(a) returned, by the court, to the police at the conclusion of the case; or (b) found abandoned on any road or inn any public place or premises; and of which the owner is not known or cannot be found, may be removed to a police station, and if not previously claimed by its owner, shall be dealt with in accordance with the provisions of subsection (6). (6) The Officer-In-Charge of the police station to which a motor vehicle is removed in terms of subsection (5) shall cause to be published, once in the Gazzette, and once in a newspaper of general circulation in Zambia, a notice containing(a) particulars of the vehicle concerned; or (b) where no particulars are available, fair description of the vehicle; and (c) a warning that if the vehicle remians unclaimed within six minths from the date of publication of the notice, it shall be forfeited to the
motor vehicle

State and dealt with as the Minister may, by notice in the Gazzette, direct, which may include sale by public auction. (As amended by Act No. 9 of 1974 and No. 20 of 2000) 282. Repealed by Act No. 29 of 1974 CHAPTER XXVII OFFENCES ALLIED TO STEALING 283. Any person who, with intent to defraud, conceals or takes from its Concealing place of deposit any register which is authorised or required by law to be registers kept for authenticating or recording the title to any property, or for recording births, baptisms, marriages, deaths or burials, or a copy of any part of any such register which is required by law to be sent to any public office, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for ten years. 284. Any person who, with intent to defraud, conceals any testamentary instrument, whether the testator is living or dead, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for ten years. 285. Any person who, with intent to defraud, conceals the whole or part of any document which is evidence of title to any land or estate in land, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for three years. 286. Any person who kills any animal capable of being stolen with intent to steal the skin or carcass, or any part of the skin or carcass, is guilty of an offence and is liable to the same punishment as if he had stolen the animal.
Concealing wills

Concealing deeds

Killing animals with intent to steal

287. Any person who makes anything movable with intent to steal it is Severing with intent to steal guilty of an offence and is liable to the same punishment as if he had stolen the thing after it had become movable.
Fraudulent 288. (1) Any person who, being the mortgagor of mortgaged goods, removes or disposes of the goods without the consent of the mortgagee, disposition of mortgaged goods and with intent to defraud, is guilty of a misdemeanour.

(2) In this section, "mortgaged goods" includes any goods and chattels of any kind, and any animals, and any progeny of any animals, and any crops or produce of the soil, whether growing or severed, which are subject for the time being, by virtue of the provisions of any Act or of any written instrument, to a valid charge or lien by way of security for any debt or obligation. 289. Notwithstanding subsection (2) of section twenty-six, any person Fraudulently dealing with metals who takes, conceals, or otherwise disposes of any ore or any metal or or minerals mineral with intent to defraud any person, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for a period not exceeding fifteen years. 289B. (1) Any person who(a) takes, conceals, sells, or otherwise disposes of a motor vehicle or any part of it with intent to defraud any person; or (b) knowing or believing that a motor vehicle is stolen, dishonestly receives such motor vehicle or undertakes or assists in its retention, removal disposal or realisation by or for the benefit of another person or arranges to do so; commits an offence and is liable, upon conviction, to a fine of not less than twenty-eight thousand penalty units but not exceeding fifty-six thousand penalty units or imprisonment for a term of five years or to both. (2) Where a person is convicted of an offence under this section the court which convicts the person shall, in addition to any penalty imposed under subsection (1), order the forfeiture of all property which is used for or derived from the commission of the offence. (3) Any sentence imposed under subsection (1) shall be consecutive to, and not concurrent with, any sentence imposed on the convicted person and no part of such sentence shall be suspended. (As amended by Act No. 23 of 1993 and No. 20 of 2000) 290. Any person who fraudulently abstracts or diverts to his own use Fraudulent appropriation of or to the use of any other person any mechanical, illuminating, or power electrical power derived from any machine, apparatus, or substance, the property of another person, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for five years.
Fraidulently dealing with motor vehicles

291. Any person who unlawfully and without colour of right, but not Conversion not so as to be guilty of theft, takes or converts to his use or to the use of any amounting to theft other person any draught or riding animal or any vehicle or cycle however propelled, or any vessel, is guilty of a misdemeanour and is liable to imprisonment for six months or to a fine not exceeding one thousand five hundred penalty units, or to both. (As amended by Act No. 13 of 1994) CHAPTER XXVIII ROBBERY AND EXTORTION 292. Any person who steals anything, and, at or immediately before or Robbery immediately after the time of stealing it, uses or threatens to use actual violence to any person or property to obtain or retain the thing stolen or to prevent or overcome resistance to its being stolen or retained, is guilty of the felony of robbery and is liable on conviction to imprisonment for fourteen years. (No. 18 of 1963) 293. Any person who assaults any person with intent to steal anything Assault with intent to steal is guilty of a felony and is liable on conviction to imprisonment for seven years. (No. 18 of 1963) 294. (1) Any person who, being armed with any offensive weapon or Aggravated instrument, or being together with one person or more, steals anything, robbery and, at or immediately before or immediately after the time of stealing it, uses or threatens to use actual violence to any person or property to obtain or retain the thing stolen or to prevent or overcome resistance to its being stolen or retained, is guilty of the felony of aggravated robbery and is liable on conviction to im-prisonment for life, and, notwithstanding subsection (2) of section twenty-six, shall be sentenced to imprisonment for a period of not less than fifteen years. (2) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (1), the penalty for the felony of aggravated robbery under subsection (1) shall be death(a) where the offensive weapon or instrument is a firearm, unless

the court is satisfied by the evidence in the case that the accused person was not armed with a firearm and(i) that he was not aware that any of the other persons involved in committing the offence was so armed; or (ii) that he dissociated himself from the offence immediately on becoming so aware; or (b) where the offensive weapon or instrument is not a firearm and grievous harm is done to any person in the course of the offence, unless the court is satisfied by the evidence in the case that the accused person neither contemplated nor could reasonably have contemplated that grievous harm might be inflicted in the course of the offence. (3) In this section "firearm" has the meaning assigned to it in section two of the Firearms Act. (No. 18 of 1963 as amended by No. 40 of 1969 and Act No. 29 of 1974)
Aggravated assault 295. Any person who, being armed with any offensive weapon or with intent to steal instrument, or being together with one person or more, assaults any person with intent to steal anything, is guilty of a felony and is liable on conviction to imprisonment for a period (notwithstanding subsection (2) of section twenty-six) of not less than ten years and not exceeding twenty years. Cap. 110

(No. 18 of 1963 as amended by No. 40 of 1969) 296. Any person who, with intent to extort or gain anything from any Demanding property by written person, and knowing the contents of the writing, causes any person to threats receive any writing demanding anything from any person without reasonable or probable cause, and containing threats of any injury or detriment of any kind to be caused to any person, either by the offender or any other person, if the demand is not complied with, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for fourteen years. 297. (1) Any person who, with intent to extort or gain anything from any person(a) accuses or threatens to accuse any person of committing any felony or misdemeanour, or of offering or making any solicitation or
Attempts at extortion by threats

threat to any person as an inducement to commit or permit the commission of any felony or misdemeanour; or (b) threatens that any person shall be accused by any other person of any felony or misdemeanour, or of any such act; or (c) knowing the contents of the writing, causes any person to receive any writing containing any such accusation or threat as aforesaid; is guilty of a felony, and if the accusation or threat of accusation is of(i) an offence for which the punishment of death or imprisonment for life may be inflicted; or (ii) any of the offences defined in Chapter XV, or an attempt to commit any of such offences; or (iii) an assault with intent to have carnal knowledge of any person against the order of nature, or an unlawful and indecent assault upon a male person; or (iv) a solicitation or threat offered or made to any person as an inducement to commit or permit the commission of any of the offences aforesaid; the offender is liable to imprisonment for fourteen years. In any other case the offender is liable to imprisonment for three years. (2) It is immaterial whether the person accused or threatened to be accused has or has not committed the offence or act of which he is accused or threatened to be accused.
Procuring 298. Any person who, with intent to defraud, and by means of any unlawful violence to, or restraint of, the person of another, or by means execution of deeds, etc., by threats of any threat of violence or restraint to be used to the person of another, or by means of accusing or threatening to accuse any person of committing any felony or misdemeanour, or by offering or making any solicitation or threat to any person as an inducement to commit or permit the commission of any offence, compels or induces any person-

(a) to execute, make, accept, endorse, alter, or destroy the whole or any part of any valuable security; or (b) to write any name or impress or affix any seal upon or to any paper or parchment, in order that it may be afterwards made or

converted into or used or dealt with as a valuable security; is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for fourteen years. 299. Any person who, with intent to steal any valuable thing, demands it from any person with menaces or force, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for five years. CHAPTER XXIX BURGLARY, OFFENCES HOUSEBREAKING AND SIMILAR
Demanding property with menaces with intent to steal

300. (1) A person who breaks any part, whether external or internal, of Definition of a building, or opens by unlocking, pulling, pushing, lifting, or any other breaking and entering means whatever, any door, window, shutter, cellar flap, or other thing, intended to close or cover an opening in a building, or an opening giving passage from one part of a building to another, is deemed to break the building. (2) A person is deemed to enter a building as soon as any part of his body or any part of any instrument used by him is within the building. (3) A person who obtains entrance into a building by means of any threat or artifice used for that purpose, or by collusion with any person in the building, or who enters any chimney or other aperture of the building permanently left open for any necessary purpose, but not intended to be ordinarily used as a means of entrance, is deemed to have broken and entered the building. 301. Any person whoHouse-breaking and burglary

(a) breaks and enters any dwelling house with intent to commit a felony therein; or (b) having entered any dwelling house with intent to commit a felony therein, or having committed a felony in any such dwelling house, breaks out thereof; is guilty of the felony termed "housebreaking" and is liable to imprisonment for seven years. If the offence is committed in the night, it is termed "burglary" and the offender is liable to imprisonment for ten years.

(As amended by Act No. 3 of 1990) 302. (1) Any person who enters or is in any dwelling house with intent to commit a felony in it is guilty of a felony and liable upon conviction to imprisonment for a period not exceeding five years or if the offence is committed at night to imprisonment for a period not exceeding seven years. (2) Any person who enters or is in any building other than a dwelling house, with intent to commit a felony in it is guilty of a felony and liable upon conviction to imprisonment for a period not exceeding five years or if the offence is committed at night to imprisonment for a period not exceeding seven years. (As amended by Act No. 3 of 1990) 303. Any person whoBreaking into building and committing felony Entering dwelling house or other building with intent to commit felony

(a) breaks and enters into any building other than a dwelling house and commits a felony in it; or (b) having committed a felony in any building other than a dwelling house, breaks out of it, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years; is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years. (As amended by Act No. 3 of 1990) 304. Any person who breaks and enters a schoolhouse, shop, warehouse, store, office, or counting-house, or a building which is adjacent to a dwelling-house and occupied with it but is not part of it, or any building used as a place of worship with intent to commit a felony therein, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for five years. 305. Any person who is found under any of the circumstances following, that is to say: (a) being armed with any dangerous or offensive weapon or instrument, and being so armed with intent to break or enter a dwelling-house, and to commit a felony therein; (b) being armed as aforesaid by night, and being so armed with intent to break or enter any building whatever, and to commit a felony therein; (c) having in his possession by night without lawful excuse, the

Breaking into building with intent to commit felony

Persons found armed, etc., with intent to commit felony

proof of which lies on him, any instrument of housebreaking, explosive or petroleum; (d) having in his possession by day any such instrument, explosive or petroleum with intent to commit a felony; (e) having his face masked or blackened or being otherwise disguised with intent to commit a felony; (f) being in any building whatever by night with intent to commit a felony therein; (g) being in any building whatever by day with intent to commit a felony therein, and having taken precautions to conceal his presence; is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for three years. If the offender has been previously convicted of a felony relating to property, he is liable to imprisonment for seven years. (As amended by No. 7 of 1960) 306. Any person whoCriminal trespass

(a) unlawfully enters into or upon any property in the possession of another with intent to commit an offence or to intimidate, insult or annoy any person in possession of such property; (b) having lawfully entered into or upon such property unlawfully remains there with intent thereby to intimidate, insult or annoy any such person or with intent to commit any offence; is guilty of the misdemeanour termed "criminal trespass" and is liable to imprisonment for three months. If the property upon which the offence is committed is any building, tent or vessel used as a human dwelling or any building used as a place of worship or as a place for the custody of property, the offender is liable to imprisonment for one year. (No. 26 of 1940) 307. When any person is convicted of an offence under this Chapter, Forfeiture the court shall order that any dangerous or offensive weapon or instrument of housebreaking carried or used in connection with any such offence shall be forfeited. (As amended by S.I. No. 63 of 1964 and No. 5 of 1972) CHAPTER XXX FALSE PRETENCES

Definition of false 308. Any representation made by words, writing or conduct, of a matter of fact or of law, either past or present, including a representation pretence as to the present intentions of the person making the representation or of any other person, which representation is false in fact, and which the person making it knows to be false or does not believe to be true, is a false pretence.

(As amended by No. 5 of 1972) 309. Any person who, by any false pretence and with intent to defraud, Obtaining goods by false pretences obtains from any other person anything capable of being stolen, or induces any other person to deliver to any person anything capable of being stolen, is guilty of a misdemeanour and is liable to imprisonment for three years. 309A. (1) Any person who, by any false pretence, dishonestly obtains for himself or another any pecuniary advantage, is guilty of a misdemeanour and is liable to imprisonment for five years.
Obtaining pecuniary advantage by false pretences

(2) The cases in which a pecuniary advantage within the meaning of this section is to be regarded as obtained for a person are cases where(a) any debt or charge for which he makes himself liable or is or may become liable (including one not legally enforceable) is reduced or in whole or in part evaded or deferred; or (b) he is allowed to borrow by way of overdraft, or to take out any policy of insurance or annuity contract, or obtains an improvement of the terms on which he is allowed to do so; or (c) he is given the opportunity to earn remuneration or greater remuneration in an office or employment, or to win money by betting. (No. 5 of 1972) 310. Any person who, by any false pretence and with intent to defraud, induces any person to execute, make, accept, endorse, alter, or destroy the whole or any part of any valuable security, or to write any name or impress or affix any seal upon or to any paper or parchment in order that it may be afterwards made or converted into or used or dealt with as a valuable security, is guilty of a misdemeanour and is liable to
Obtaining execution of a security by false pretences

imprisonment for three years. 310A. An intent to deceive exists where one person induces another person(a) to believe that a thing is true which is false, and which the person practising the deceipt knows or believes to be false; or (b) to believe a thing to be false which is true, and which the person practising the deceipt knows or believes to be true; and in consequence of having been so induced does or omits to do an act whether or not any injury or loss is thereby suffered by any person. (As amended by Act No. 5 of 1972) 311. Any person who, by means of any fraudulent trick or device, obtains from any other person anything capable of being stolen or induces any other person to deliver to any person anything capable of being stolen or to pay or deliver to any person any money or goods or any greater sum of money or greater quantity of goods than he would have paid or delivered but for such trick or device, is guilty of a misdemeanour and is liable to imprisonment for three years. 312. Any person whoCheating Intent to deceive

(a) in incurring any debt or liability, obtains credit by any false pretence or by means of any other fraud; or (b) with intent to defraud his creditors or any of them, makes or causes to be made any gift, delivery, or transfer of or any charge on his property; or (c) with intent to defraud his creditors or any of them, conceals, sells or removes any part of his property after or within three months before the date of any unsatisfied judgment or order for payment of money obtained against him; is guilty of a misdemeanour and is liable to imprisonment for one year.

Obtaining credit, etc., by false pretences

Conspiracy to 313. Any person who conspires with another by deceit or any fraudulent means to affect the market price of anything publicly sold, or defraud to defraud the public, or any person, whether a particular person or not, or to extort any property from any person, is guilty of a misdemeanour and is liable to imprisonment for three years.

314. Any person who, being a seller or mortgagor of any property, or being the solicitor or agent of any such seller or mortgagor, with intent

Frauds on sale or mortgage of

to induce the purchaser or mortgagee to accept the title offered or produced to him, and with intent to defraud(a) conceals from the purchaser or mortgagee any instrument material to the title, or any incumbrance; or (b) or falsifies any pedigree on which the title depends or may depend;

property

(c) makes any false statement as to the title offered or conceals any fact material thereto; is guilty of a misdemeanour. 315. Any person who for gain or reward undertakes to tell fortunes, or Pretending to tell fortunes pretends from his skill or knowledge in any occult science to discover where or in what manner anything supposed to have been stolen or lost may be found, is guilty of a misdemeanour.
Obtaining 316. Any person who wilfully procures or attempts to procure for himself or any other person any registration, licence or certificate under registration, etc., by false pretences any Act by any false pretence, is guilty of a misdemeanour and is liable to imprisonment for one year.

317. Any person who makes a statement which is to his know-ledge untrue for the purpose of procuring a passport, whether for himself or for any other person, is guilty of a misdemeanour. CHAPTER XXXI RECEIVING PROPERTY STOLEN OR UNLAWFULLY OBTAINED AND LIKE OFFENCES 318. (1) Any person who receives or retains any chattel, money, valuable security or other property whatsoever, knowing or having reason to believe the same to have been feloniously stolen, taken, extorted, obtained or disposed of, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years.

False declaration for passport

Receiving stolen property, etc.

Receiving property (2) Any person who received or retains any chattel, money, valuable unlawfully security or other property whatsoever, knowing or having reason to obtained believe the same to have been unlawfully taken, obtained, converted or disposed of in a manner which constitutes a misdemeanour, is guilty of a

misdemeanour and is liable to the same punishment as the offender by whom the property was unlawfully obtained, converted or disposed of. (As amended by No. 26 of 1940) 319. Any person who shall be brought before a court charged withPerson suspected of having or conveying stolen property

(a) having in his possession anything which may be reasonably suspected of having been stolen or unlawfully obtained; or (b) conveying in any manner anything which may be reasonably suspected of having been stolen or unlawfully obtained; and who shall not give an account to the satisfaction of such court of how he came by the same, is guilty of a misdemeanour. (No. 22 of 1969)

Receiving goods 320. Every person who, without lawful excuse, knowing or having stolen outside reason to believe the same to have been stolen or obtained in any way Zambia whatsoever under such circumstances that if the act had been committed in Zambia the person committing it would have been guilty of felony or misdemeanour, receives or has in his possession any property so stolen or obtained outside Zambia, is guilty of an offence of the like degree (whether felony or misdemeanour) and is liable to imprisonment for seven years.

(No. 26 of 1940) CHAPTER XXXII ILLEGAL POSSESSION EMERALDS OF DIAMONDS AND

321. (1) Any person who, without the written permission of the Chief Mining Engineer, has in his possession or disposes of any diamond or emerald shall be guilty of a misdemeanour. (2) For the purposes of this section"Chief Mining Engineer" means the person appointed as such in pursuance of section six of the Mines and Minerals Act, 1969; "diamond" means any rough or uncut diamond and includes any diamond which has been partially cut, shaped or polished out of the rough;

Illegal possession of diamonds or emeralds

Cap. 213

"emerald" means any rough or uncut emerald and includes any emerald which has been partially cut, shaped or polished out of the rough. (3) Any police officer of or above the rank of Sub Inspector may arrest without warrant any person reasonably suspected by him of having committed or of attempting to commit an offence under this section. 322. (1) When a person has been found guilty by a court of an offence Forfeiture on conviction under section three hundred and twenty one in addition to any other punishment imposed on the accused person, the diamonds or emeralds in respect of which the offence has been committed shall be forfeited to the state upon such finding by the court. (2) Any diamonds or emeralds which have been forfeited under subsection (1) shall be released to the Minister of Finance or such other person as may be authorised by him in writing. (As amended by Act No. 5 of 1972) CHAPTER XXXIII FRAUDS BY TRUSTEES AND PERSONS IN POSITION OF TRUST, AND FALSE ACCOUNTING A

323. (1) Any person who, being a trustee of any property, destroys the property with intent to defraud, or, with intent to defraud, converts the property to any use not authorised by the trust, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years. (2) For the purposes of this section, "trustee" includes the following persons and no others, that is to say: (a) trustees upon express trusts created by a deed, will, or instrument in writing, whether for a public or private or charitable purpose; (b) trustees appointed by or under the authority of an Act or Statute for any such purpose; (c) persons upon whom the duties of any such trust as aforesaid

Trustees fraudulently disposing of trust property

devolve; (d) 324. executors and administrators. Any person whoDirectors and officers of corporations or companies fraudulently appropriating property or keeping fraudulent accounts or falsifying books or accounts

(a) being a director or officer of a corporation or company, receives or possesses himself as such of any of the property of the corporation or company otherwise than in payment of a just debt or demand, and, with intent to defraud, omits either to make a full and true entry thereof in the books and accounts of the corporation or company, or to cause or direct such an entry to be made therein; or (b) being a director, officer, or member of a corporation or company, does any of the following acts with intent to defraud, that is to say: (i) destroys, alters, mutilates or falsifies any book, document, valuable security or account, which belongs to the corporation or company, or any entry in any such book, document, or account, or is privy to any such act; or (ii) makes, or is privy to making, any false entry in any such book, document, or account; or (iii) omits, or is privy to omitting, any material particular from any such book, document or account; is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years.

325. Any person who, being a promoter, director, officer or auditor of False statements by officials of a corporation or company, either existing or intended to be formed, companies makes, circulates or publishes, or concurs in making, circulating, or publishing, any written statement or account which, in any material particular, is to his knowledge false, with intent thereby to effect any of the purposes following, that is to say: (a) to deceive or to defraud any member, shareholder, or creditor of the corporation or company, whether a particular person or not; (b) to induce any person, whether a particular person or not, to become a member of, or to entrust or advance any property to, the corporation or company, or to enter into any security for the benefit thereof; is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years.

326. Any person who, being a clerk or servant, or being employed or Fraudulent false acting in the capacity of a clerk or servant, does any of the acts following accounting with intent to defraud, that is to say: (a) destroys, alters, mutilates or falsifies any book, document, valuable security or account, which belongs to or is in the possession of his employer, or has been received by him on account of his employer, or any entry in any such book, document or account, or is privy to any such act; or (b) makes, or is privy to making, any false entry in any such book, document, or account; or (c) omits, or is privy to omitting, any material particular from any such book, document or account; is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years. 327. Any person who, being an officer charged with the receipt, custody or management of any part of the public revenue or property, knowingly furnishes any false statement or return of any money or property received by him or entrusted to his care, or of any balance of money or property in his possession or under his control, is guilty of a misdemeanour. DIVISION VI MALICIOUS INJURIES TO PROPERTY CHAPTER XXXIV OFFENCES CAUSING INJURY TO PROPERTY 328. (a) Any person who wilfully and unlawfully sets fire toany building or structure whatever, whether completed or not; or
Arson Cap. 464 False accounting by public officer

(b) any vessel or any motor vehicle as defined in the Roads and Road Traffic Act, whether completed or not; or (c) any stack of cultivated vegetable produce, or of mineral or vegetable fuel; or (d) a mine, or the workings, fittings, or appliances of a mine; is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for life. (As amended by No. 26 of 1961)

329.

Any person who-

(a) attempts unlawfully to set fire to any such thing as is mentioned in the last preceding section; or (b) wilfully and unlawfully sets fire to anything which is so situated that any such thing as is mentioned in the last preceding section is likely to catch fire from it; is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for fourteen years. 330. (a) Any person who wilfully and unlawfully sets fire toa crop of cultivated produce, whether standing, picked or cut; or

Attempts to commit arson

Setting fire to crops and growing plants

(b) a crop of hay or grass under cultivation, whether the natural or indigenous product of the soil or not, and whether standing or cut; or (c) any standing trees, saplings, or shrubs, whether indigenous or not, under cultivation; is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for fourteen years. (As amended by No. 26 of 1940) 331. Any person whoAttempts to set fire to crops, etc.

(a) attempts unlawfully to set fire to any such thing as is mentioned in the last preceding section; or (b) wilfully and unlawfully sets fire to anything which is so situated that any such thing as is mentioned in the last preceding section is likely to catch fire from it; is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years. 332. Any person who-

(a) wilfully and unlawfully casts away or destroys any vessel, whether completed or not; or (b) wilfully and unlawfully does any act which tends to the immediate loss or destruction of a vessel in distress; or (c) with intent to bring a vessel into danger, interferes with any light, beacon, buoy, mark, or signal used for purposes of navigation, or exhibits any false light or signal; is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for life.

Casting away vessels

(As amended by No. 26 of 1933) 333. Any person who attempts unlawfully to cast away or destroy a vessel, whether completed or not, or attempts unlawfully to do any act tending to the immediate loss or destruction of a vessel in distress, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for fourteen years. (As amended by No. 26 of 1933) 334. (1) Any person who wilfully and unlawfully kills, maims or wounds any animal capable of being stolen is guilty of an offence. (2) If the animal in question is a horse, mare, gelding, ass, mule, camel, bull, cow, ox, goat, pig, ram, ewe, wether, or ostrich, or the young of any such animal, the offender is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years. In any other case the offender is guilty of a misdemeanour. 335. (1) Any person who wilfully and unlawfully destroys or damages Punishment for any property is guilty of an offence, which, unless otherwise stated, is a malicious injuries in general misdemeanour and he is liable, if no other punishment is provided, to imprisonment for two years. (2) If the property in question is a dwelling-house or a vessel, and the injury is caused by the explosion of any explosive substance, and ifIn special casesdestroying or damaging an inhabited house or a vessels with explosives Injuring animals Attempts to cast away vessels

(a)

any person is in the dwelling-house or vessel; or

(b) the destruction or damage actually endangers the life of any person; the offender is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for life. (3) If the property in questionRiver bank or wall, or navigation works, or bridges

(a)

is a bank or wall of a river, canal, aqueduct, reservoir, or inland

water, or work which appertains to a dock, reservoir, or inland water, and the injury causes actual danger of inundation or damage to any land or building; or (b) is a railway or is a bridge, viaduct, or aqueduct which is constructed over a highway, railway, or canal, or over which a railway, highway, or canal passes, and the property is destroyed; or (c) being a railway or being any such bridge, viaduct, or aqueduct, is damaged, and the damage is done with intent to render the railway, bridge, viaduct, or aqueduct, or the highway, or canal passing over or under the same or any part thereof, dangerous or impassable, and the same or any part thereof is thereby rendered dangerous or impassable; the offender is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for life. (4) If the property in question is a testamentary instrument, whether the Wills and registers testator is living or dead, or a register which is authorised or required by law to be kept for authenticating or recording the title to any property or for recording births, baptisms, marriages, deaths, or burials, or a copy of any part of any such register which is required by law to be sent to any public officer, the offender is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for fourteen years. (5) If the property in question is a vessel in distress or wrecked, or stranded, or anything which belongs to such vessel, the offender is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years.
Wrecks

Railways (6) If the property in question is any part of a railway, or any work connected with a railway, the offender is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for fourteen years.

(7) If the property in question-

Other things of special value

(a)

being a vessel, whether completed or not, is destroyed; or

(b) being a vessel, whether completed or not, is damaged, and the damage is done with intent to destroy it or render it useless; or (c) is a light, beacon, buoy, mark, or signal, used for the purposes of

navigation, or for the guidance of persons engaged in navigation; or (d) is a bank or wall of a river, canal, aqueduct, reservoir, or inland water, or a work which appertains to a dock, canal, aqueduct, reservoir, or inland water, or which is used for the purposes of lading or unlading goods; or (e) being a railway, or being a bridge, viaduct, or aqueduct which is constructed over a highway, railway, or canal, or over which a highway, railway, or canal passes, is damaged, and the damage is done with intent to render the railway, bridge, viaduct, or aqueduct, or the highway, railway, or canal passing over or under the same, or any part thereof, dangerous or impassable; or (f) being anything in process of manufacture, or an agricultural or manufacturing machine, or a manufacturing implement, or a machine or appliance used or intended to be used for performing any process connected with the preparation of any agricultural or pastoral produce, is destroyed; or (g) being any such thing, machine, implement, or appliance, as last aforesaid, is damaged, and the damage is done with intent to destroy the thing in question or to render it useless; or (h) is a shaft or a passage of a mine, and the injury is done with intent to damage the mine or to obstruct its working; or (i) is a machine, appliance, apparatus, building, erection, bridge, or road, appertaining to or used with a mine, whether the thing in question is completed or not; or (j) being a rope, chain, or tackle, of whatever material, which is used in a mine, or upon any way or work appertaining to or used with a mine, is destroyed; or (k) being any such rope, chain, or tackle, as last aforesaid, is damaged, and the damage is done with intent to destroy the thing in question or to render it useless; or (l) is a well, or bore for water, or the dam, bank, wall, or floodgate of a millpond or pool; the offender is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven

years. (8) If the property in question is a document which is deposited or kept Deeds and records in a public office, or which is evidence of title to any land or estate in land, the offender is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years. (As amended by No. 26 of 1933) 336. Any person who, unlawfully and with intent to destroy or damage Attempts to destroy property by any property, puts any explosive substance in any place whatever, is explosives guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for fourteen years. 337. Any person who wilfully and unlawfully causes, or is concerned Communi-cating infectious diseases in causing, or attempts to cause, any infectious disease to be to animals communicated to or among any animal or animals capable of being stolen, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years. 338. Any person who wilfully and unlawfully, and with intent to defraud, removes or defaces any object or mark which has been lawfully erected or made as an indication of the boundary of any land, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for three years. 339. Any person whoRemoving boundary marks with intent to defraud

(a) wilfully removes, defaces or injuries any survey mark or boundary mark which shall have been made or erected by or under the direction of any Government department or in the course of or for the purposes of a Government survey; or (b) being under an obligation to maintain in repair any boundary mark made or erected as aforesaid, neglects or refuses to repair the same; or (c) wilfully removes, defaces or injures any mark erected by an intending applicant for any lease, licence or right under an Act relating to mines or minerals; is guilty of a misdemeanour and is liable to imprisonment for three months or to a fine of six hundred penalty units, and may further be ordered by the court to pay the cost of repairing or replacing the survey mark or boundary mark and of making any survey rendered necessary by the offender's act or neglect. (As amended by No. 13 of 1994)

Wilful damage, etc., to survey and boundary marks

340.

Any person who-

(a) wilfully damages, injuries, or obstructs any work, way, road, building, turnstile, gate, toll bar, fence, weighing machine, engine, tender, carriage, wagon, truck, material or plant, acquired for or belonging to any railway works; or (b) pulls up, removes, defaces, or destroys, or in any way interferes with, any poles, stakes, flags, pegs, lines, marks, or anything driven or placed in or upon the ground, trees, stones, or buildings, or any other material, belonging to any railway works; or (c) commits any nuisance or trespass in or upon any land, buildings, or premises, acquired for or belonging to any railway works; or (d) wilfully molests, hinders, or obstructs the officer in charge of any railway or his assistants or workmen in the execution of any work done or to be done in reference to the construction or maintenance of any such railway; is guilty of a misdemeanour and is liable to imprisonment for three months or to a fine of six hundred penalty units. (As amended by No. 13 of 1994)

Penalties for damage, etc., to railway works

341. Any person who, knowing the contents thereof, sends, delivers, Threats to burn or utters or directly or indirectly causes to be received any letter or writing destroy threatening to burn or destroy any house, barn, or other building, or any rick or stack of grain, hay, or straw, or other agricultural produce, whether in or under any building or not, or any vessel, or to kill, maim, or wound any cattle, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for ten years. DIVISION VII FORGERY, COINING, COUNTERFEITING AND SIMILAR OFFENCES CHAPTER XXXV DEFINITIONS 342. Forgery is the making of a false document with intent to defraud Definition of forgery or to deceive. (As amended by No. 26 of 1940)

343. In this Division, "document" does not include a trade mark or any Definition of document other sign used in connection with articles of commerce though they may be written or printed. 344. (a) Any person makes a false document whomakes a document purporting to be what in fact it is not;
Making a false document

(b) alters a document without authority in such a manner that if the alteration had been authorised it would have altered the effect of the document; (c) introduces into a document without authority whilst it is being drawn up matter which if it had been authorised would have altered the effect of the document; (d) signs a document-

(i) in the name of any person without his authority whether such name is or is not the same as that of the person signing; (ii) in the name of any fictitious person alleged to exist, whether the fictitious person is or is not alleged to be of the same name as the person signing; (iii) in the name represented as being the name of a different person from that of the person signing it and intended to be mistaken for the name of that person; (iv) in the name of a person personated by the person signing the document, provided that the effect of the instrument depends upon the identity between the person signing the document and the person whom he professes to be. 344A. An intent to deceive exists where one person induces another person(a) to believe that a thing is true which is false, and which the person practising the deceit knows or believes to be false; or (b) to believe a thing to be false which is true, and which the person practising the deceit knows or believes to be true; and in consequence of having been so induced does or omits to do an act whether or not any injury or loss is thereby suffered by any person.
Intent to deceive

(No. 5 of 1972) 345. An intent to defraud is presumed to exist if it appears that, at the Intent to defraud time when the false document was made, there was in existence a specific person ascertained or unascertained capable of being defrauded thereby, and this presumption is not rebutted by proof that the offender took or intended to take measures to prevent such person from being defrauded in fact, nor by the fact that he had or thought he had a right to the thing to be obtained by the false document. CHAPTER XXXVI PUNISHMENTS FOR FORGERY 346. In this Chapter, "currency notes" includes any notes (by whatever Definition of currency notes name called) which are legal tender in the country in which they are issued. (No. 48 of 1938)
General 347. Any person who forges any document is guilty of an offence which, unless otherwise stated, is a felony and he is liable, unless owing punishment for forgery to the circumstances of the forgery or the nature of the thing forged some other punishment is provided, to imprisonment for three years.

348. Any person who forges any will, document of title to land, judicial record, power of attorney, bank note, currency note, bill of exchange, promissory note or other negotiable instrument, policy of insurance, cheque or other authority for the payment of money by a person carrying on business as a banker, is liable to imprisonment for life and the court may in addition order that any such document as aforesaid shall be forfeited. (As amended by S.I. No.63 of 1964)

Forgeries punishable by imprisonment for life

349. Any person who forges any judicial or official document is liable Forgery of judicial or official to imprisonment for seven years.
document

350.

Any person who-

(a) forges any stamp, whether impressed or adhesive, used for the purpose of revenue or accounting by any Government department; or

Forgeries punishable by imprisonment for seven years

(b) without lawful excuse, the proof whereof shall lie upon him, makes or has knowingly in his possession any die or instrument capable of making the impression of any such stamp; or (c) fraudulently cuts, tears in any way, or removes from any material any stamp used for purposes of revenue or accounting by the Government, with intent that another use shall be made of such stamp or any part thereof; or (d) fraudulently mutilates any such stamp as last aforesaid, with intent that another use shall be made of such stamp; or (e) fraudulently fixes or places upon any material or upon any such stamp as last aforesaid any stamp or part of a stamp which, whether fraudulently or not, has been cut, torn, or in any way removed from any other material or out of or from any other stamp; or (f) fraudulently erases or otherwise either really or apparently removes from any stamped material any name, sum, date, or other matter or thing whatsoever written thereon with the intent that another use shall be made of the stamp upon such material; or (g) knowingly and without lawful excuse, the proof whereof shall lie upon him, has in his possession any stamp or part of a stamp which has been fraudulently cut, torn, or otherwise removed from any material, or any stamp which has been fradulently mutilated, or any stamped material out of which any name, sum, date, or other matter or thing has been fradulently erased or otherwise really or apparently removed; is liable to imprisonment for seven years. 351. Any person who, without lawful authority or excuse, the proof whereof lies upon him(a) makes, uses, or knowingly has in his custody or possession any paper intended to resemble and pass as special paper such as is provided and used for making any currency note or bank note; (b) makes, uses, or knowingly has in his custody or possession, any frame, mould or instrument for making such paper, or for producing in or on such paper any words, figures, letters, marks, lines or devices peculiar to and used in or on any such paper; (c) engraves or in any wise makes upon any plate, wood, stone, or other material, any words, figures, letters, marks, lines or devices, the print whereof resembles in whole or in part any words, figures, letters, marks, lines or devices peculiar to and used in or on any bank note, or in or on any document entitling or evidencing the title of any person to any share or interest in any public stock, annuity, fund, or debt of the
Making or having in possession paper or implements for forgery

Republic or of any foreign state, or in any stock, annuity, fund or debt of any body corporate, company or society, whether within or without the Republic; (d) uses or knowingly has in his custody or possession any plate, wood, stone, or other material, upon which any such words, figures, letters, marks, lines, or devices have been engraved or in any wise made as aforesaid; or (e) uses or knowingly has in his custody or possession, any paper upon which any such words, figures, letters, marks, lines or devices have been printed or in any wise made as aforesaid; is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years. (No. 48 of 1938 as amended by S.I. No. 63 of 1964) 352. Any person who knowingly and fraudulently utters a false document is guilty of an offence of the same kind, and is liable to the same punishment, as if he had forged the thing in question.
Uttering false documents

Uttering cancelled 353. Any person who knowingly utters as and for a subsisting and or exhausted effectual document, any document which has by any lawful authority documents been ordered to be revoked, cancelled, or suspended, or the operation of which has ceased by effluxion of time, or by death, or by the happening of any other event, is guilty of an offence of the same kind, and is liable to the same punishment, as if he had forged the document.

354. Any person who, by means of any false and fraudulent representations as to the nature, contents or operation of a document, procures another to sign or execute the document, is guilty of an offence of the same kind, and is liable to the same punishment, as if he had forged the document. 355. (a) Any person who, with intent to defraudobliterates, adds to, or alters the crossing on a cheque; or

Procuring execution of documents by false pretences

Obliterating crossings on cheques

(b) knowingly utters a crossed cheque, the crossing on which has been obliterated, added to, or altered; is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years. 356. (a) Any person who, with intent to defraud or to deceivewithout lawful authority or excuse, makes, signs, or executes,
Making documents without authority

for or in the name or on account of another person, whether by procuration or otherwise, any document or writing; or (b) knowingly utters any document or writing so made, signed, or executed by another person; is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years. (As amended by No. 26 of 1940) 357. Any person who procures the delivery or payment to himself or any other person of any property or money by virtue of any probate or letters of administration granted upon a forged testamentary instrument, knowing the testamentary instrument to have been forged, or upon or by virtue of any probate or letters of administration obtained by false evidence, knowing the grant to have been so obtained, is guilty of an offence of the same kind, and is liable to the same punishment, as if he had forged the document or thing by virtue whereof he procures the delivery or payment.
Demanding property upon forged testamentary instrument

358. Any person who, without lawful authority or excuse, the proof of Purchasing forged which lies on him, purchases or receives from any person, or has in his notes possession a forged bank note or currency note, whether filled up or in blank, knowing it to be forged, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years. 359. Any person who, being employed in the public service, knowingly and with intent to defraud makes out or delivers to any person a warrant for the payment of any money payable by public authority, for a greater or less amount than that to which the person on whose behalf the warrant is made out is entitled, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years.
Falsifying warrants for money payable under public authority

Falsification of 360. Any person who, having the actual custody of any register or record kept by lawful authority, knowingly permits any entry which in register any material particular is to his knowledge false, to be made in the register or record, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years.

361. Any person who signs or transmits to a person authorised by law to register marriages, a certificate of marriage, or any document purporting to be a certificate of marriage, which in any material particular is to his knowledge false, is guilty of a felony and is liable to

Sending false certificate of marriage to registrar

imprisonment for seven years. 362. Any person who, knowingly and with intent to procure the same to be inserted in a register of births, deaths, or marriages, mato any false statement touching any matter required by law to be registered in any such register, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for three years. CHAPTER XXXVII OFFENCES RELATING TO COIN 363. In this ChapterDefinitions of counterfeit coin and current coin False statements for registers of births, deaths and marriages

"counterfeit coin" means coin not genuine but resembling or apparently intended to resemble or pass for genuine current coin; and includes genuine current coin prepared or altered so as to pass for current coin of a higher denomination; "current", applied to any coin, includes any coin coined in Zambia or lawfully current in Zambia or any coin lawfully current in any foreign country. (No. 48 of 1938 as amended by S.I. No. 63 of 1964) 364. Any person who makes or begins to make any counterfeit coin is Counterfeiting coin guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for life. (As amended by No. 48 of 1938) 365. Any person whoPreparations for coining

(a) gilds or silvers any piece of metal of a fit size or figure to be coined, with intent that it shall be coined into counterfeit coin; or (b) makes any piece of metal into a fit size or figure to facilitate the coining from it of any counterfeit coin, with intent that such counterfeit coin shall be made from it; or (c) himwithout lawful authority or excuse, the proof of which lies on

(i) buys, sells, receives, pays, or disposes of any counterfeit coin at a lower rate than it imports or is apparently intended to import, or offers to do any such thing; or (ii) brings or receives into Zambia any counterfeit coin, knowing it to be counterfeit; or (iii) makes or mends, or begins or prepares to make or mend, or has in his possession, or disposes of any stamp or mould which is adapted to make the resemblance of both or either of the sides of any coin, or any part of either side thereof, knowing the same to be a stamp or mould or to be so adapted; or (iv) makes or mends, or begins or prepares to make or mend, or has in his possession, or disposes of any tool, instrument or machine which is adapted and intended to be used for marking coin round the edges with marks or figures apparently resembling those on the edges of any coin, knowing the same to be so adapted and intended; or (v) makes or mends, or begins or prepares to make or mend, or has in his possession, or disposes of any press for coinage, or any tool, instrument, or machine which is adapted for cutting round blanks out of gold, silver, or other metal, knowing such press, tool, instrument, or machine to have been used or to be intended to be used for making any counterfeit coin; is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for life. (As amended by No. 48 of 1938) 366. Any person who deals with any current coin in such a manner as Clipping to diminish its weight, with intent that when so dealt with it may pass as current coin is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years. (As amended by No. 48 of 1938) 367. Any person who melts down, breaks up, defaces by stamping thereon any name, word or mark, or uses otherwise than as currency, any silver coin current for the time being in Zambia, is guilty of a misdemeanour and is liable to imprisonment for six months or to a fine not exceeding three thousand penalty units, or to both. (As amended by Act No. 26 of 1940 and No. 13 of 1994)
Melting down of currency

368. Any person who unlawfully has in his possession, or disposes of Possession of any filings, or clippings of gold or silver, or any gold or silver in bullion, clippings dust, solution, or any other state, obtained by dealing with current gold or silver coin in such a manner as to diminish its weight, knowing the same to have been so obtained, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years. 369. Any person who utters any counterfeit coin, knowing it to be counterfeit, is guilty of a misdemeanour. (As amended by No. 48 of 1938) 370. Any person whoRepeated uttering Uttering counterfeit coin

(a) utters any counterfeit coin, knowing it to be counterfeit, and at the time of such uttering has in his possession any other counterfeit coin; or (b) utters any counterfeit coin, knowing it to be counterfeit, and either on the same day or on any of the ten days next ensuing, utters any other counterfeit coin, knowing it to be counterfeit; or (c) has in his possession three or more pieces of counterfeit coin, knowing them to be counterfeit, and with intent to utter any of them; is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for three years. (As amended by No. 48 of 1938) 371. Any person who, with intent to defraud, utters as and for current coin(a) any coin which is not such current coin; or (b) any medal or piece of metal, whether a coin or not, which is of less value than the current coin as and for which it is uttered; is guilty of a misdemeanour and is liable to imprisonment for one year. (As amended by No. 48 of 1938) 372. Any person who, without lawful authority or excuse, the proof of Exporting which lies on him, exports or puts on board of a vessel or vehicle of any counterfeit coin kind for the purpose of being exported from Zambia, any counterfeit coin whatever, knowing it to be counterfeit, is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for fourteen years.
Uttering foreign coin or metal as current coin

(As amended by No. 48 of 1938) 373. When any person is convicted of an offence under this Chapter, or Forfeiture Chapter XXXVI, the court shall order the forfeiture of any forged bank note or currency note or of any counterfeit coin, or any stamp, mould, tool, instrument, machine, press, or any coin, bullion or metal used or employed in the commission of any such offence. (As amended by No. 48 of 1938 and S.I. No. 63 of 1964) CHAPTER XXXVIII COUNTERFEIT STAMPS 374. Any person who, without lawful authority or excuse, the proof of Possession of die used for purpose of which lies on himmaking stamps

(a) makes or mends, or begins or prepares to make or mend, or uses, or knowingly has in his possession, or disposes of any die, plate, or instrument capable of making an impression resembling that made by any die, plate or instrument used for the purpose of making any stamp, whether impressed or adhesive, which is used for the purposes of the public revenue or of the postal administration in Zambia, or in any foreign country, or capable of producing in or on paper any words, figures, letters, marks or lines resembling any words, figures, letters, marks, or lines used in or on any paper specially provided by the proper authority for any such purpose; or (b) knowingly has in his possession or disposes of any paper or other material which has on it the impression of any such die, plate, or instrument, or any paper which has on it or in it any such words, figures, letters, marks or lines as aforesaid; or (c) fraudulently, and with intent that use may be made of any such stamp as aforesaid, or of any part of it, removes the stamp from any material in any way whatever; or (d) fraudulently, and with intent that use may be made of any part of such stamp, mutilates the stamp; or (e) fraudulently fixes or places upon any material or upon any such stamp, any stamp or part of a stamp which has been in any way removed from any other material, or out of or from any other stamp; or (f) fraudulently, and with intent that use may be made of any such stamp which has been already impressed upon or attached to any material, erases or otherwise removes, either really or apparently, from

such material anything whatever written on it; or (g) knowingly has in his possession or disposes of anything ob-tained or prepared by any such unlawful act as aforesaid; or (h) fraudulently or with intent to cause loss to the public revenue, uses for any purpose a stamp issued by Government for the purposes of revenue which he knows to have been previously used; is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years, and any die, plate, instrument, paper or other thing as aforesaid which is found in his possession shall be forfeited. (As amended by No. 26 of 1940, G.N. No. 303 of 1964 and S.I. No. 63 of 1964) 375. (1) Any person who, without lawful authority or excuse, the proof Paper and dies for postage stamps of which lies on him(a) makes, or begins or prepares to make, or uses for any postal purpose, or has in his possession, or disposes of any imitation or representation on paper or any other material, of any stamp used for denoting any rate of postage of the Republic, or of any foreign country; or (b) makes or mends, or begins or prepares to make or mend, or uses, or has in his possession or disposes of any die, plate, instrument, or material for making any such imitation or representation; is guilty of a misdemeanour, and is liable to imprisonment for one year, or to a fine of one thousand and five hundred penalty units, and any stamps and any other such things as aforesaid, which are found in his possession, shall be forfeited. (2) For the purposes of this section, a stamp purporting to denote a rate of postage of any country is to be taken to be a stamp used for postal purposes in that country until the contrary is shown. (As amended by S.I. No. 63 of 1964 and Act No. 13 of 1994) CHAPTER XXXIX COUNTERFEITING TRADE MARKS 376. A trade mark isDefinition of trade mark

(a) a mark lawfully used by any person to denote any chattel to be an article or thing of the manufacture, workmanship, production, or merchandise of such person or to be an article or thing of any peculiar or particular description made or sold by such person; (b) any mark or sign which in pursuance of any written law in force for the time being relating to registered designs is to be put or placed upon or attached to any chattel or article during the existence or continuance of any copyright or other sole right acquired under the provision of such law. 377. (1) Any person who does any of the following things with intent to Counterfeiting trade marks a defraud or to enable another to defraud any person, that is to say: (a) forges or counterfeits any trade mark;

misdemeanour

(b) applies any trade mark or any forged or counterfeited trade mark to any chattel or article not being the merchandise of any person whose trade mark is so forged or counterfeited; (c) applies any trade mark or any forged or counterfeited trade mark to any chattel or article not being the particular or peculiar description of merchandise denoted or intended to be denoted by such trade mark or by such forged or counterfeited trade mark; (d) applies any trade mark or any forged or counterfeited trade mark to any thing intended for any purpose of trade or manufacture, or in, on, or with which any chattel or article is intended to be sold, or is sold or offered or exposed for sale; (e) encloses or places any chattel or article in, upon, under, or with anything to which any trade mark has been falsely applied, or to which any forged or counterfeit trade mark has been applied; (f) applies or attaches any chattel or article to any case, cover, reel, ticket, label, or other thing to which any trade mark has been falsely applied, or to which any false or counterfeit trade mark has been applied; (g) encloses, places, or attaches any chattel or article in, upon, under, with, or to any thing having thereon any trade mark of any other person;

is guilty of a misdemeanour. (2) Every person committing any such misdemeanour as mentioned in subsection (1) shall forfeit(a) all chattels and articles to which any such trade mark or counterfeit trade mark is applied or caused or procured to be applied; (b) every instrument for applying any such trade mark or counterfeit trade mark in his possession or power; (c) the chattels and articles and the things mentioned in paragraphs (d), (e) and (g) of subsection (1), and all similar things made to be used in like manner in his possession or power. (As amended by S.I. No. 63 of 1964) CHAPTER XL PERSONATION
Personation in 378. (1) Any person who, with intent to defraud any person, falsely represents himself to be some other person, living or dead, is guilty of a general misdemeanour.

(2) If the representation is that the offender is a person entitled by will or operation of law to any specific property and he commits the offence to obtain such property or possession thereof, he is liable to imprisonment for seven years. 379. Any person who, without lawful authority or excuse, the proof of which lies on him, makes in the name of any other person, before any court or person lawfully authorised to take such an acknowledgment, an acknowledgment of liability of any kind, or an acknowledgment of a deed or other instrument, is guilty of a misdemeanour.
Falsely acknowledging deeds, recognizances, etc.

380. Any person who utters any document which has been issued by Personation of person named in lawful authority to another person, and whereby that other person is certificate certified to be a person possessed of any qualification recognised by law for any purpose, or to be the holder of any office, or to be entitled to exercise any profession, trade or business, or to be entitled to any right

or privilege, or to enjoy any rank or status, and falsely represents himself to be the person named in the document, is guilty of an offence of the same kind and is liable to the same punishment as if he had forged the document. 381. Any person who, being a person to whom any document has been Lending, etc., certificate for issued by lawful authority whereby he is certified to be a person personation possessed of any qualification recognised by law for any purpose, or to be the holder of any office, or to be entitled to exercise any profession, trade or business, or to be entitled to any right or privilege, or to enjoy any rank or status, sells, gives, or lends the document to another person with intent that that other may represent himself to be the person named therein, is guilty of a misdemeanour. 382. Any person who, for the purpose of obtaining any employment, utters any document of the nature of a testimonial of character given to another person, is guilty of a misdemeanour and is liable to imprisonment for one year.
Personation of person named in testimonial of character

383. Any person who, being a person to whom any such document as Lending, etc., is mentioned in the last preceding section has been given, gives, sells, or testimonial for personation lends such document to another person with the intent that that other person may utter such document for the purpose of obtaining any employment, is guilty of a misdemeanour. DIVISION VIII CHAPTER XLI

384. Repealed by Act 14 of 1980. 385. Repealed by Act 14 of 1980. 386. Repealed by Act 14 of 1980. 387. Repealed by Act 14 of 1980.

388. Repealed by Act 14 of 1980. DIVISION IX ATTEMPTS AND CONSPIRACIES TO COMMIT CRIMES, AND ACCESSORIES AFTER THE FACT CHAPTER XLII ATTEMPTS 389. (1) When a person, intending to commit an offence, begins to put Definition of attempt his intention into execution by means adapted to its fulfilment, and manifests his intention by some overt act, but does not fulfil his intention to such an extent as to commit the offence, he is deemed to attempt to commit the offence. (2) It is immaterial, except so far as regards punishment, whether the offender does all that is necessary on his part for completing the commission of the offence, or whether the complete fulfilment of his intention is prevented by circumstances independent of his will, or whether he desists of his own motion from the further prosecution of his intention. (3) It is immaterial that by reason of circumstances not known to the offender it is impossible in fact to commit the offence. 390. Any person who attempts to commit a felony or misdemeanour is Attempts to guilty of an offence which, unless otherwise stated, is a misdemeanour. commit offences 391. Any person who attempts to commit a felony of such a kind that a Punishment of attempts to commit person convicted of it is liable to the punishment of death or certain felonies imprisonment for a term of fourteen years or upwards, with or without other punishment, is guilty of a felony and is liable, if no other punishment is provided, to imprisonment for seven years. 392. (1) Any person who attempts to procure another to do an act or make an omission of such a nature that if he himself were to do the act or make the omission he would be guilty of an offence, is himself to be deemed guilty of attempting to commit such offence and to be
Attempts to procure commission of criminal acts

punishable accordingly. (2) Any person who, while in Zambia, attempts to procure another to do an act or make an omission at a place not in Zambia of such a nature(a) that if he were himself to do the act or make the omission in Zambia he would be guilty of an offence; and (b) that if he were himself to do the act or make the omission at the place where the act or omission is proposed to be done or made he would himself be guilty of an offence under the laws in force at that place; is guilty of an offence of the same kind and is liable to the same punishment as if he were himself to attempt to do the same act or make the same omission in Zambia. (No. 28 of 1931) 393. Every person who, knowing that a person designs to commit or is Neglect to prevent commission of a committing a felony, fails to use all reasonable means to prevent the felony commission or completion thereof, is guilty of a misdemeanour. CHAPTER XLIII CONSPIRACIES 394. Any person who conspires with another to commit any felony, or Conspiracy to to do any act in any part of the world which if done in Zambia would be commit felony a felony, and which is an offence under the laws in force in the place where it is proposed to be done, is guilty of a felony and is liable, if no other punishment is provided, to imprisonment for seven years, or, if the greatest punishment to which a person convicted of the felony in question is liable is less than imprisonment for seven years, then to such lesser punishment.
Conspiracy to 395. Any person who conspires with another to commit a misdemeanour, or to do any act in any part of the world which if done in commit misdemeanour Zambia would be a misdemeanour, and which is an offence under the laws in force in the place where it is proposed to be done, is guilty of a misdemeanour.

396. Any person who conspires with another to effect any of the purposes following, that is to say: (a) to prevent or defeat the execution or enforcement of any Act, Statute, or Order; or (b) to cause any injury to the person or reputation of any person, or to depreciate the value of any property of any person; or (c) to prevent or obstruct the free and lawful disposition of any property by the owner thereof for its fair value; or (d) to injure any person in his trade or profession; or (e) to prevent or obstruct, by means of any act or acts which if done by an individual person would constitute an offence on his part, the free and lawful exercise by any person of his trade, profession, or occupation; or (f) (g) to effect any unlawful purpose; or to effect any lawful purpose by any unlawful means;

Other conspiracies

is guilty of a misdemeanour: Provided that an agreement or combination by two or more persons to do or procure to be done any act in contemplation or furtherance of a trade dispute, as defined in the Industrial and Labour Relations Act, shall not be punishable under the provisions of this section if such act committed by one person would not be punishable as a crime. (As amended by No. 1 of 1952 and No. 7 of 1958) CHAPTER XLIV ACCESSORIES AFTER THE FACT
Definition of 397. (1) Any person who receives or assists another who is, to his accessories after knowledge, guilty of an offence, in order to enable him to escape the fact punishment, is said to become an accessory after the fact to the offence. Cap. 269

(2) A wife does not become an accessory after the fact to an offence of which her husband is guilty by receiving or assisting him in order to enable him to escape punishment; or by receiving or assisting, in her husband's presence and by his authority, another person who is guilty of an offence in the commission of which her husband has taken part, in order to enable that other person to escape punishment; nor does a

husband become accessory after the fact to an offence of which his wife is guilty by receiving or assisting her in order to enable her to escape punishment. 398. Any person who becomes an accessory after the fact to a felony is Punishment of accessories after guilty of a felony, and is liable, if no other punishment is provided, to the fact to felonies imprisonment for three years. 399. Any person who becomes an accessory after the fact to a misdemeanour is guilty of a misdemeanour.
Punishment of accessories after the fact to misdemeanours

SCHEDULE (No. 23 of 1952 as amended by No. 6 of 1965 and Repealed by No. 10 of 2003)

SECOND SCHEDULE (Section 33) PARTICULARS OF NON CITIZEN CONVICTED OF OFFENCES 1. Full name of the accused 2. Postal address 3. Residential address 4. Sex 5. Date and place of birth 6. Father's full name 7. Date of first entry into Zambia 8. Duration of stay in Zambia 9. Occupation in Zambia 10. Offence for which accused was charged and convicted 11. Term of Imprisonment 12. Date on which accused commenced serving imprisonment 13. Previous Conviction (if any) 14. Offence for which previously convicted 15. Sentence for the previous conviction 16. Race or declared national status 17. Name of the country of which he is a citizen 18. Passport Number (if any) 19. Date and place of issue 20. Dated at .......................... this ............................... day of .............................. 19.......

SUBSIDIARY LEGISLATION

SECTION 227-SIGNPOSTING OF AUTHORISED PATHS ACROSS THE RAILWAY RESERVE Notice by the Minister It is hereby prescribed that any path authorised by a Divisional Commander of Police under the powers conferred upon him by subsection (4) of section two hundred and twenty-seven of the Penal Code for the passage of persons across the railway reserve shall be signposted by the Zambia Railways in the following manner: (a) a signpost shall be erected where an authorised path enters the railway reserve on each side of the railway track or tracks and it shall bear a circular sign of approximately thirty inches in diameter facing outwards from such reserve; (b) the design of such circular sign and the figure thereon shall be as set forth in the Schedule; (c) the background colour of such circular sign shall be yellow and it shall have a band approximately three inches wide and coloured red around its circumference; (d) there shall be placed centrally within the red band a figure coloured black representing a man walking. The figure shall be approximately fifteen inches in height. SCHEDULE

Goverment Notice 261 of 1960

SIGN INDICATING AUTHORISED PEDESTRIAN CROSSING

Diameter of sign-approximately 30 inches. Width of outer band-approximately 3 inches. Height of figure representing a man walking-approximately 15 inches. Background colour-yellow. Colour of outer band-red. Colour of figure representing a man walking-black.

INDEX TO PENAL CODE

INDEX TO PENAL CODE Section ABDUCTION definition of .. .. .. of girls under sixteen . . .. with intent to know carnally with intent to murder . . .. ABORTION by woman with child . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 253 136 135 255 152, 221

drugs and instruments for infanticide . . .. .. ABUSE of authority .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 153 203 .. 99

ACCESSORIES after the fact, defined . . .. after the fact to felonies .. after the fact to misdemeanours after the fact to murder .. ACCOUNTS false by public officer . . .. fraudulent false. . .. .. fraudulent by certain officers

397 .. 398 .. 399 .. 217 327 .. 326 .. 324 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 237 .. 231 186 187 184 ..
Section

ACCUSED discharge, absolute and conditional

41 213 221 .. 228 226 224 224, 250 237 238 52 225

ACT dangerous doing of . . .. .. .. .. .. done to prevent child born alive . . .. .. .. endangering persons travelling in motor vehicles endangering railways and persons travelling thereon intended to cause grievous harm . . .. .. .. intended to prevent arrests .. .. .. .. negligent . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. negligent causing harm .. .. .. .. .. overt, definition of .. .. .. .. .. .. preventing escape from wreck .. .. .. reckless . . . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ACTIONS penal, compounding of ADMINISTERING poison . . . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

114

ADULTERATION of drugs . . . . .. of drugs for sale . . of food . . . . .. ADVERTISEMENTS for stolen property AERODROMES trespass on

115

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

245

AFFRAY . .

..

.. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

88 .. .. 14 154

AGE immature . . knowledge of

AGENT funds received by theft by . . . . ..

.. 268 280 49 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 68 .. .. .. .. .. .. 170 290 84 224 250 (a) 18

AIDING acts of mutiny . . . . .. .. and abetting woman prostitute prisoner of war to escape .. prisoner to escape .. .. AIR fouling of . . .. .. ..

147 51 120 189 337 334 286

ANIMALS communicating infectious diseases to injury to . . .. .. .. .. killing with intent to steal .. ANTHEM insult to national . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

APPRENTICE failing to provide for . . APPROPRIATION of power, fraudulent ARMED in public . . .. .. ..

ARRESTS acts intended to prevent arrest resisting of .. .. .. use of force in effecting .. ARSON . . .. .. attempt to commit .. .. .. ..

328 .. 329 .. 137 .. .. .. .. 247 157 137 248 250 (a)

ASSAULT common . . .. .. .. indecent . .. . .. .. .. indecent, of boys .. .. indecent, of females . . .. occasioning actual bodily harm to commit felony .. ..

on person in execution of duty


ASSAULT-continued

..

..

..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..
Section

250 (e)

on person in execution of process .. .. on person in pursuance of unlawful combination on person protecting wreck . . .. .. .. on police officers .. .. .. .. .. resisting arrest. . . . .. .. .. .. .. with intent to steal .. .. .. .. .. aggravated, with intent to steal .. .. .. ASSEMBLY proposing violence or breaches of the law to religious, disturbing of . . .. .. .. to smuggle .. .. .. .. .. ATTEMPTS at extortion .. .. .. .. defined . . . . .. .. .. .. to cast away vessel .. .. .. to commit arson . . .. .. .. to commit certain felonies . . .. to commit offences . . .. .. to commit unnatural offences .. to destroy property with explosives to murder . . .. .. .. .. to murder by convict . . .. .. to procure abortion .. .. .. to procure commission of criminal acts to rape . . . . .. .. .. .. to set fire to crops .. .. .. to set fire to plants .. .. .. AUTHORITY abuse of . . . . .. .. .. .. false assumption of . . .. .. making documents without . . .. public, falsifying warrants for money to prosecute .. .. .. .. to prosecute .. .. .. .. to prosecute .. .. .. .. to prosecute .. .. .. .. to prosecute . . . . .. .. .. wearing of uniforms without .. BANKS of rivers, damaging of . . BETTING .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 250 (d) .. .. 250 (c) .. 249 .. 250 (b) 250 (a) .. 293 .. 295 .. 91 129 .. 93 .. 389 .. 329 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 134 .. .. 297 333 391 390 156 .. 215 216 151 392 331 331

336

99 .. 101 .. 356 .. 359 .. 164 .. 58 .. 99 .. 98 97, 192 .. 182 335 (3)

houses . . . . BIGAMY ..

.. ..

.. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

174 .. ..
Section

166 220

BIRTH concealment of birth . .

BOOKS fraudulent by certain officers

..

..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 300

324 338 339 92 157

BOUNDARY marks, removal of with intent to defraud . . marks, wilful damage to .. .. .. BOYCOTT wrongfully inducing .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

BOYS under fourteen, indecent assault upon BREAKING defined . . . . BRIDGES damage to . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

335(3) 149 .. 144 148 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 305 (b) 304 81 82 .. 305 (f) .. 305 (g) 301 130 341 27

BROTHELS . . . . .. detention in .. power of search . .

BUILDING armed by night with intent to enter . . break into with intent to commit felony damaged by rioters .. .. .. destroying by rioters . . .. .. person in, at night to commit felony person in, by day to commit felony BURGLARY punishment for . . BURIAL places, trespass on BURN threats to . . CANING .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

CAST away vessels .. .. away vessels, attempt . .

.. 332 333

CEREMONY fraudulent of marriage . .

..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

167 100 .. 361 .. 381 .. 380 89


Section

CERTIFICATE false by public officer . . .. false to register . . .. .. personation for . . .. .. personation of another named in CHALLENGE to duel . . . . .. .. ..

CHARACTER testimonial of, personation of person named CHEATING . . . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 311 ..

382

CHEQUE obliterating crossing on

355 221

CHILD act done to prevent child born alive destruction .. .. .. .. kidnapping with intent to steal stealing . . . . .. .. .. .. when deemed a person . . .. .. CHILDREN desertion of neglecting of .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 221 .. 259 171 208 .. .. 98 278 .. 366 368 366 .. .. .. .. .. 369 .. 168 169

CLAIMS false by officials . . CLERKS theft by . . . . ..

CLIPPINGS coins .. .. possession of . . . .

COIN clipping . . . . .. .. clippings, possession of counterfeiting . . .. counterfeit, definition of counterfeit, exporting of counterfeit, forfeiture of counterfeit, uttering of . . current, definition of . .

368 364 363 372 373 363

foreign, uttering of .. melting down of currency metal, uttering of .. COINING preparation for . . COMMON nuisance . . .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Section

371 367 371 365 172 246 243 325 324 324 279 279

COMMUNICATIONS roads or runways, obstruction of waterways, obstruction of

COMPANY false statement by officers of .. .. .. fraudulent appropriation by officers of . . .. fraudulent books and accounts by officers of . .
COMPANY-continued

theft by director of theft by officers of COMPENSATION . . . . COMPOUNDING felonies . . . . penal actions defence of . . CONCEAL deeds .. registers . .. . wills . . .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 30

113 .. 114 65 .. 285 283 284 220 .. 258 39 104A 39 99 .. .. ..

CONCEALMENT of birth . . . . .. of kidnapped person CONCURRENT sentences . . ..

CONFLICTING STATEMENT ON OATH . . . . CONSECUTIVE sentences . . .. .. .. ..

CONSENT to prosecute, abuse of office . . .. to prosecute, false claims by officials to prosecute, incest .. .. .. to prosecute, seditious practices . .

98 164 58

CONSIDERATION defined . . . .

..

..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

384 396 .. .. .. 150 .. .. ..

CONSPIRACY general . . . . .. .. to commit felonies .. to commit misdemeanours to defeat justice . . .. to defile . . . . .. .. to defraud . . .. .. to murder . . .. .. seditious . . .. ..

394 395 112 313 219 57 (1) (a)

CONTEMPT of Court . . . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. persons, because of race, tribe, place of origin or colour CONVERSION not amounting to theft . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

116 .. .. 291 .. ..
Section

70

.. .. ..

CONVICTION for incest lawful on charge of rape not on uncorroborated testimony . .


CONVICTION-continued

163 140 33 282 275A 27

of non-citizens, particulars of .. .. .. .. .. previous, theft after . . .. .. .. .. .. .. copper cathodes, copper bars, cobalt lead, zinc or vanadium stealing of .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. CORPORAL punishment COSTS . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. 32

COUNTERFEIT coin, definition of .. .. .. stamps, possession of die to make trade marks .. .. .. .. uttering of, coin . . .. .. .. COURT contempt of .. .. .. .. prohibition on taking photographs . . CREDIT obtaining by false pretences . . CRIME disabling with intent to commit one act constituting several . . .. .. ..

.. 363 .. 374 .. 377 369 .. .. 312 .. .. 222 36 116 117

CRIMINAL responsibility . . .. responsibility, exception trespass . . . . .. .. CROPS attempt to set fire to setting fire to . . .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 235 .. 236 306 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 331 330 355 39 363 119 260

CROSSING on cheque obliterated . . CUMULATIVE sentences . . .. ..

CURRENT definition in respect of coin . .

CUSTODY escape from lawful .. .. .. punishment for wrongful confinement DAMAGE banks of river . . .. .. boundary marks . . .. .. bridges . . . . .. .. .. house or vessel with explosives navigation works .. .. railway works . . .. .. survey marks . . .. .. DANGEROUS act, doing of .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 335 (3) 339 335 (3) .. 335 (2) .. 335 (3) .. 340 .. 339
Section

..

..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

213

DEATH cause of, defined .. limitation as to time of . . sentence of .. .. DECEIVING witnesses . . .. .. ..

.. 207 209 .. 25 .. .. .. .. .. 110 317 285 379 335 (8)

DECLARATION false, for passport

DEEDS concealing of . . .. false acknowledgment of punishment for damaging DEFAMATION

foreign princes . . President . . ..

.. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. . .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 139 .. .. .. .. 389 .. 207 .. .. .. .. 308

71 69 192 193 144 65 17 150 141 138 .. .. 139 253 397 384 300 384 363 363 343

DEFAMATORY matter defined . . .. publication, definition of

DEFENCE brothel withholding clothing compulsion .. .. .. of person or property . . .. DEFILE conspiracy to .. .. ..

DEFILEMENT by threats . . .. .. .. .. .. girls under sixteen .. .. .. .. girls under twelve householder permitting girls under sixteen householder permitting of idiot . . . . .. .. .. .. .. of imbeciles .. .. .. .. .. DEFINITION abduction . . .. .. accessories after the fact agent .. .. .. attempt . . . . .. .. breaking . . .. .. causing death . . . . .. consideration . . .. current, in respect of coin counterfeit coin . . .. document . . .. .. false pretence . . . . ..
Definition-CONTINUED

142 143

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

SECTION

forgery . . . . .. .. .. intent to deceive . . .. .. intent to defraud . . .. .. keeper of premises .. .. kidnapping from guardianship kidnapping from Zambia .. libel .. .. .. .. making a false document .. overt act . . .. .. .. principal . . .. .. .. provocation .. .. .. rape . . . . .. .. ..

342 344A 345 .. 176 .. 252 .. 251 .. 191 .. 344 .. 52 .. 384 .. 206 132

riot . . .. .. seditious intention theft .. .. trade mark . . .. unlawful assembly

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

74 .. 62 .. 265 376 .. 74 .. .. .. 313 345 34

DEFRAUD conspiracy to . . .. definition of intent to . . DEPORTATION within Zambia . . DESERTION inducing . . of children . . DESTRUCTION of child . . . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 50 168 221 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Section

DETENTION in brothel . . .. with intent to defile

144 144 322 321 375 374 99 58 .. 192 98 164 177 222 41 42

DIAMONDS AND EMERALDS forfeiture on conviction illegal possession of . .

DIES for making counterfeit postage stamps for making counterfeit stamps ..

DIRECTOR OF PUBLIC PROSECUTIONS abuse of office . . .. .. .. .. consent to prosecute . . .. .. .. corrupt practices and secret commissions defamatory matter .. .. .. .. false claims by officials .. .. incest .. .. .. .. .. .. obscene matters or things . . .. .. DISABLING with intent to commit crime .. ..

388

DISCHARGE absolute and conditional .. .. .. conditional, commission of further offences DISEASE infectious, communicating to animals negligent spreading of . . .. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. 337 183

DISGUISED face . .

..

..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

305 (e) .. 127 126 178 .. .. .. 343 353 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 146 72 ..


Section

DISOBEDIENCE of lawful order . . of statutory duty . . DISORDERLY and idle persons . . DISPERSE rioters .. ..

78 129 353

DISTURBING religious assembly

DOCUMENT cancelled, uttering of . . .. .. .. defined . . . . .. .. .. .. .. exhausted, uttering of . . .. .. .. false making of, defined .. .. .. false uttering .. .. .. .. .. forgery of judicial or official . . .. .. making of, without authority . . .. .. procuring execution of by false pretences DRILLING unlawful . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

344 352 349 356 .. 66 186 153 187 89 124 126

354

DRUGS adulteration of . . .. instruments for abortion sale of adulterated .. DUEL challenge to .. ..

DUTY neglect of by public officer . . statutory disobedience of .. EARNINGS of prostitutes living on . . ENLISTMENT foreign . . . . .. .. .. ..

ENTERING dwelling-house with intent to commit felony . . ESCAPE

302

act preventing, from wreck . . .. aiding prisoner of war to .. .. aiding prisoner to .. .. .. convicts to serve unexpired sentences from lawful custody . . .. .. EVIDENCE corruption . . destroying of . . fabricating of . . perjury . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 387 111 108 107 .. 298 310 354 ..

225 51 120 40 119

EXCEPTION of criminal responsibility

236

EXECUTION of deeds by threats . . .. .. .. .. of security by false pretences . . .. .. procuring, of document by false pretences . . EXHIBITION of false light, mark or buoy . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

241

EXPLOSIVE attempt to destroy property with .. placing of, with intent . . .. .. punishment for destroying house . . . . EXTORTION attempts at by threats . . FABRICATING of evidence FACE disguised . . . . FAITH good .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 336 230 335 (2) .. .. 297 108

305 (e) .. 327 326 379 361 317 344 352 125 308 312 310 197

FALSE accounting by public officer . . accounting fraudulent . . .. acknowledge deeds, recognizances certificate to registrar . . . . .. declaration for passport . . .. documents, making of . . .. documents, uttering of . . information to public servants . . pretence, defined . . .. .. pretence, obtaining credit by . . pretence, obtaining execution . .

pretence, obtaining goods by . . .. .. pretence, obtaining pecuniary advantage by pretence, obtaining registration . . .. ..
FALSE-continued

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

308 .. 309A 316


Section

pretence, procuring execution of documents .. .. statement by interpreter . . .. .. .. .. .. statement by officer of company .. .. .. .. statements for registers, of births, marriages and deaths . . swearing .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. warrants for money payable under public authority .. FALSIFICATION of register . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 354 105 .. 325 362 109 .. 359 360 .. .. 211 .. 96

FAMILY duty of head of . .

FAVOUR public officer receiving property to show FELONY accessories after the fact . . .. .. .. assault by any person committing. . . . .. attempt to commit . . .. .. .. .. breaking into building and committing .. breaking into building with intent to committ compounding of . . .. .. .. .. conspiracy to commit . . . . .. .. .. enter dwelling-house with intent to commit . . neglect to prevent . . .. .. .. .. treason . . .. .. .. .. .. .. FEMALE incest by .. .. .. .. indecent assault . . .. .. indecently insulting or annoying FINES . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

398 250 (a) 391 .. 303 .. 304 113 394 302 393 45 161 137 .. 137 (3) 28 330 184 185 .. 18

FIRE to crops . . . . FOOD adulteration of sale of noxious

FORCE use of in effecting arrest

FORCIBLE detainer entry . .

.. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

87 86 72 29 373 307
Section

FOREIGN enlistment . .

FORFEITURE . . .. .. .. .. .. counterfeit coin . . .. .. .. .. instruments after conviction housebreaking . . FORGED notes, purchasing of . . . . testamentary instruments . .

.. ..

.. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

358 357 342 .. 349 348 .. 350 347 .. 315

FORGERY defined .. .. .. .. .. .. judicial official document .. .. .. punishment by imprisonment for life . . .. punishment by imprisonment for seven years punishment for .. .. .. .. .. FORTUNES pretending to tell for reward FOULING air .. water . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 189 188 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 123 314 324 290 289 .. 288 .. 323 326 165 268 267 174

FRAUDS by public officers . . on sale or mortgages

FRAUDULENT accounts by certain officers .. .. appropriation of power .. .. dealing with minerals in mines .. disposing of mortgaged property .. disposing of trust property by trustees false accounting . . .. .. .. pretence of marriage .. .. .. FUNDS held by agents for sale . . .. held under direction (trustees) . . GAMING houses . . . . GIRLS .. .. .. .. .. ..

under sixteen, abduction of . . . . .. .. under sixteen, defilement of . . .. .. under sixteen, procuring of by householder . . under twelve, procuring of by householder . . GOOD faith . . . . .. .. faith, presumptive of .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

136 138 143 142

197 .. 198 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Section

GOODS in transit, theft of .. .. .. mortgaged, fraudulent disposition obtained by false pretences . . .. GUARDIANSHIP kidnapped from . . order for . . .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

276 288 309 252 160

HARM grievous .. .. .. .. grievous acts, intended to cause kidnapping with intent to do . . negligent acts causing . . ..

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

229 .. 224 257 238 .. .. 211 70

HATRED persons, because of race, tribe, place of origin or colour HEAD of family . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

HOUSE betting .. .. .. .. .. .. breaking, defined . . .. .. .. .. breaking, punishment for . . .. .. .. damaging with explosives . . . . .. .. dwelling, armed with intent to enter . . .. dwelling, entering with intent to commit felony dwelling, theft of goods in . . . . .. .. gaming .. .. .. .. .. .. HUSBAND and wife, property of . . IDIOTS defilement of .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

175 300 301 336 305 (a) .. 302 276 174 .. .. 178 .. 139 271 139

IDLE and disorderly persons . . IMBECILES defilement of .. ..

IMMORALITY power of search regarding IMPRISONMENT . . . . prior to deportation .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. 26 ..

145 35

INCEST by females . . . . .. .. .. .. .. by males .. .. .. .. .. .. conviction of, lawful on charge of rape INDECENT assault on boys under fourteen . . assault on females . . .. .. practices between males . . .. INFANTICIDE . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

161 .. 159 .. .. 163 .. 157 .. 137 158 .. .. .. 203 .. ..


Section

INFECTIOUS diseases to animals

337 125

INFORMATION false to public officer . .

INJURY punishment for malicious .. .. to animals . . .. .. .. .. threat of, to person in public service . . INSANITY . . . . .. .. .. .. INSTRUMENT and drugs for abortion . . .. .. forged, demanding property upon .. for housebreaking, possession of . . . . INSULT to national anthem . . to religion . . .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. 68 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 335 334 103 12 153 357 305 (c)

128 .. 295 293 .. 256 223 .. 222 304 302 310A 345

INTENT aggravated assault with intent to steal .. assault with intent to steal .. .. .. kidnapping with intent wrongfully to confine stupefying with .. .. .. .. .. to commit crime, disabling with .. .. to commit felony, entering building . . .. to commit felony, entering dwelling . . .. to deceive .. .. .. .. .. to defraud, defined .. .. .. ..

to do harm . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. to enter any building with intent to commit felony therein to enter any dwelling armed with intent to commit felony to injure by placing explosives . . .. .. .. .. to muder, by kidnapping with . . .. .. .. .. to steal animals, killing with intent . . .. .. .. to steal, demanding property with intent . . .. .. to steal, kidnapping child with intent . . .. .. .. to steal, severing with intent . . .. .. .. .. INTERFERE with witnesses . . INTERPRETATION .. INTERPRETER false statement by INTOXICATION .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

257 .. 305 (b) .. 305 (a) 230 255 286 299 259 287 112 4 .. .. .. 5 .. 252
SECTION

105 13 349

JUDICIAL or official document, forgery of JURISDICTION of local courts .. .. .. .. .. ..

KEEPER of premises, defined

176

KIDNAPPING from lawful guardianship . .


Kidnapping-CONTINUED

from Zambia . . .. .. .. of child with intent to steal .. person, wrongful concealing of . . punishment for .. .. .. with intent to do harm . . .. with intent to murder .. .. with intent wrongfully to confine LABOUR forced LAW ignorance of . . saving of certain .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

251 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 7 .. .. ..

259 258 254 257 255 .. 256 .. 263

2 381 383

LENDING certificate for personation . . testimonials for personation

LIBEL . .

..

..

..

..

.. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 339 .. .. .. .. .. ..

191 .. .. .. 281 159 158 .. 204 316 241 209

LICENCE obtained by false pretences LIGHTS exhibition of false LIMITATION as to time of death LODGERS theft by .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

MALES incest by .. .. .. indecent practices between MALICE aforethought MANSLAUGHTER .. .. ..

199,202,203 338 338 377 376 167 165 212 ..


Section

MARKS boundary, damage to .. .. removal of, with intent to defraud survey, damage to . . .. .. trade, counterfeit .. .. trade, defined .. .. ..

MARRIAGE fraudulent, going through ceremony . . fraudulent pretence of . . .. .. MASTERS .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

MATERIALS offensive, possession of MELT down currency . .

85

..

..

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

367 .. .. .. 289 324 10

MINERALS in mines, fraudulent dealing in MISAPPROPRIATION by officers of company MISTAKE of fact MISTRESS .. .. .. .. ..

duty of

..

..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 219 .. 201 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

212 359 269 .. 200 217 215 216 255 218 49 48 68 .. .. .. 233 169 393 244 243 335 (3) .. 228

MONEY false warrants for . . held for another . .

MOTORS acts endangering persons travelling in motor vehicles MURDER .. .. .. accessory after the fact . . attempt to . . .. .. attempt to by convict .. conspiracy to . . .. .. kidnapping with intent to . . punishment . . .. .. written threat to . . .. MUTINY aiding in acts of inciting to . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

NATIONAL ANTHEM insult to . . ..

NAVIGATION obstruction of . . .. .. .. waterways, obstruction of . . .. works, punishment for damage to . . NECESSARIES failure to supply . . NEGLECT of children . . .. to prevent felony . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

NEGLIGENT acts . . .. .. .. .. .. .. acts causing harm . . .. .. .. .. manner, dealing with poisonous substance in spreading of disease .. .. .. .. NOTES forged, purchasing of . . NUISANCE by drunken person common . . .. .. ..

.. 237 238 .. .. 239 .. 183


Section

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

358 .. 180 172

OATHS unlawful, to commit capital offences . . unlawful, to commit offences . . .. OBLITERATE crossing on cheque .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. 122 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 22

63 64 .. .. 355 177

OBSCENE publication, traffic in . .

OBSTRUCT court officers . . .. .. .. making of proclamation to rioters police officers .. .. .. public way or line of navigation roads or runways . . .. .. waterways . . .. .. ..

80 250 (b) .. 244 246 243 312 309A 154 390 23

OBTAIN credit by false pretences . . .. .. pecuniary advantage by false pretences

OFFENCE against woman, knowledge of age . . .. .. .. attempt to commit . . .. .. .. .. .. .. counselling to commit . . .. .. .. .. .. joint .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. liability for, committed outside, or partly within and partly outside, jurisdiction . . .. .. .. .. .. procuring of . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. unnatural .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. unnatural, attempt to commit . . .. .. .. .. OFFENDER conditional discharge, commission of further offences by discharge of, absolute and conditional .. .. .. principal .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. OFFENSIVE trades . . .. .. .. .. .. weapons or materials, possession of . . OFFICE public, theft from .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 6 392 .. 155 .. 156 .. .. .. 42 .. 21

41

190 .. 85 .. .. 276 (f) 56

OFFICER authorised to examine packages for prohibited publications . . .. false statements by . . .. .. .. .. .. .. 325
OFFICER-continued Section

judicial. . .. .. .. .. .. .. obstructing, of court .. .. .. .. of companies and corporations, appropriation by personation of .. .. .. .. .. police, assault on . . .. .. .. .. public, extortion by .. .. .. .. public, false accounting by .. .. .. public, false certificate by .. .. .. public, false information to .. .. .. public, frauds by . . .. .. .. .. public, special duty relating to property .. OFFICIAL false claims by .. .. .. judicial document, forgery of . . OPERATION surgical, responsibility of ORDER for guardianship . . .. lawful, disobedience of . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

15 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 107 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

122 324 102 250 (b) 95 327 .. 100 125 123 .. 97 98 349 .. 160 127 .. .. 104 105 106 104 99 388 98 164 .. 58 .. .. 142 143 375 316 234

PAPER for counterfeit postage stamps PASSPORT false, declaration for . . PERJURY .. by interpreter evidence of . . punishment for subornation of .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

PERMISSION to prosecute, abuse of office . . .. .. .. to prosecute, corrupt practices and secret commissions to prosecute, false claims by officials . . .. .. to prosecute, incest .. .. .. .. .. to prosecute, seditious practices .. .. .. PERMITTING defilement of girls under twelve defilement of girls under sixteen .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

PERSON armed by day to commit felony. . .. .. armed by night with intent to enter building armed with intent to enter dwelling . . ..

305 (d) .. 305 (b) 305 (a)

assault on, in execution of duty . . .. .. assault on, in execution of process . . .. assault on, when in pursuance of combination buying or disposing of, as slave .. ..
PERSON-continued

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

250 (e) 250 (d) .. 250 (c) .. 261


Section

by night, with housebreaking instrument . . deemed to have published seditious publication defence of . . .. .. .. .. .. doing dangerous act .. .. .. .. drunken .. .. .. .. .. .. endangering in motor vehicles . . .. .. endangering on railways . . .. .. .. with face disguised . . .. .. .. .. idle and disorderly . . .. .. .. .. insulting language by .. .. .. .. in building at night to commit felony . . .. in building by day and concealing presence . . in charge of dangerous thing . . .. .. in public service, threat of injury to . . .. kidnapped, wrongfully concealing . . .. responsibilities of having charge of another . . on railway, endangering safety . . .. .. stealing thing in which person has interest . . suspected of conveying stolen property .. theft from . . .. .. .. .. .. when a child deemed to be .. .. .. PERSONATION certificate of another for . . .. lending testimonial for . . .. of another .. .. .. of person named in certificate . . of person named in testimonial . . of public officer . . .. .. PHOTOGRAPHS prohibition on taking in court PIRACY . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 305 (c) .. 61 .. 17 .. 213 .. 180 .. 228 .. 226 305 (e) 178 .. 179 .. 305 (f) .. 305 (g) .. 214 .. 103 .. 258 .. 210 .. 240 .. 270 .. .. 319 .. 276 (a) .. 208 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 381 383 378 380 382 102 .. 73 .. 276 (g) 117

PLACE theft from locked PLANTS attempt to set fire to setting fire to . . .. POISON

.. 331 330

administering of . . .. .. dealing with in negligent manner POISONING unlawful . . POLICE assault on . . obstruction of .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

231 .. 239 231,232 250 (b) 250 (b)


Section

POSSESSION of coin clippings . . .. .. .. .. of die to make counterfeit stamps .. .. of offensive weapons or materials . . .. person suspected of conveying stolen property receiving goods stolen outside Zambia .. receiving property fraudulently obtained . . receiving stolen property .. .. .. POSTAL matter, theft of . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

368 374 85 319 .. 320 .. 318 (2) 318 (1) 274 .. 385 .. .. .. 165 .. .. 384 120 119 315 393 365 69 198 290

POWER fraudulent appropriation of . . PRACTICE corrupt .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

PREPARATIONS for coining PRESIDENT defamation of PRESUMPTION of good faith

PRETENCE fraudulent of marriage . . PRETEND to tell fortune for reward PREVENT felony, neglect to PRINCIPAL defined .. .. .. ..

PRISONERS aiding to escape . . .. escape from lawful custody

of war, aiding to escape . . PRIVILEGE absolute .. conditional . . .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

51 195 196 77 80 140 141 298 392


Section

PROCLAMATION calling on rioters to disperse obstruct calling of . . .. PROCURATION


..

..

PROCURING defilement by threat .. .. execution of deeds by threats . . of offence . . .. .. ..

PROPERTY attempts to destroy with explosives . . .. defence of . . .. .. .. .. .. demand by written threats .. .. .. demand upon by forged instruments . . .. demand with menaces . . .. .. .. fraudulently appropriated by officers .. mortgaged, frauds on sale of . . .. .. persons suspected of having or conveying stolen receiving, fraudulently obtained .. .. receiving stolen . . .. .. .. .. receiving, stolen outside Zambia .. .. stolen, advertisement of . . .. .. .. stolen, receiving . . .. .. .. .. trust, fraudulent disposal of .. .. .. PROSTITUTES living on earnings of .. women aiding and abetting PROVOCATION defined. . .. killing on .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

336 17 296 357 299 324 314 319 .. 318 (2) 318 (1) .. 320 115 318 (1) 323 146 147

206 .. 205 .. .. .. 244 277 103

PUBLIC obstructing of .. .. .. .. service, stealing by person in . . .. service, threat of injury to person in . . PUBLICATION defamatory matter . . .. prohibited . . .. .. delivery to police station . . .. .. .. .. .. ..

193 .. 53 .. 55

offences in relation to seditious .. .. unlawful .. .. public service ..

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

54 61 194 103a

PUNISHMENT accessories after fact to felony . . .. accessories after fact to misdemeanour attempts to commit certain felonies . . burglary .. .. .. .. .. corporal .. .. .. .. .. criminal trespass . . .. .. .. damage to banks of rivers .. .. damage to bridges . . .. .. .. damage to deeds . . .. .. .. damage to house or vessel with explosives damage to navigation works . . .. damage to railways. . .. .. .. damage to railway works . . .. ..
PUNISHMENT-continued

.. 398 .. .. 399 .. 391 .. 301 .. 27 .. 306 .. 335 (3) 335 (3) .. 335 (8) .. 335 (2) .. 335 (3) 335 (6) .. 340
Section

damage to records . . .. .. .. .. .. .. damage to registers. . .. .. .. .. .. .. damage to special things .. .. .. .. .. damage to wills . . .. . .. .. .. .. damage to wrecks . . .. .. .. .. .. .. dealing with poisonous substances . . .. .. .. different kinds of . . .. .. .. .. .. .. discharge of offender without, absolute and conditional . . false statement by interpreters . . .. .. .. .. forgery . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. general, for misdemeanours . . .. .. .. .. housebreaking .. .. .. .. .. .. .. kidnapping . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. malicious injuries . . .. .. .. .. .. .. manslaughter. . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. melting down currency . . .. .. .. .. .. murder . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. not to be twice for same offence .. .. .. .. perjury . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. rape . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. receiving goods stolen outside Zambia .. .. .. riot .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. subornation of perjury . . .. .. .. .. .. theft . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. threat to injure person in public service .. .. .. traffic in obscene matters or things . . .. .. ..

335 (8) 335 (4) .. 335 (7) .. 335 (4) 335 (5) .. 239 .. 24 .. 41 .. 105 347 .. 38 .. 301 254 .. 335 (1) 202 .. 367 201 .. .. 20 106 133 .. .. 320 .. 76 .. 106 272 .. .. 103 .. 177 (1)

unlawful assembly . . wrongful confinement

.. ..

.. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

75 ..

260

RAILWAY acts endangering persons travelling on endangering safety of persons on .. interfering with by rioters .. .. punishment for damage to .. .. theft of goods attached to . . .. .. trespass on . . .. .. .. .. works, punishment for damage to .. RAPE attempted . . .. .. conviction of incest lawful on definition of . . .. .. punishment for .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 226 .. 240 .. .. 83 .. 335 (6) 276 (d) 227 .. 340 .. 134 .. 163 132 .. 133 .. .. .. .. 320 318 (2) 318 (1) 237
Section

RECEIVE goods stolen outside Zambia . . property fraudulently obtained . . stolen property .. .. .. RECKLESS acts . . .. .. .. ..

RECOGNIZANCES false acknowledgment of RECORDS punishment for damage to REGISTERS concealing of .. .. false statements for. . .. falsification of .. .. punishment for damage to

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. ..

379 335 (4)

.. 283 362 .. 360 .. 335 (4) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 128 129 131 316 162

REGISTRATION obtaining by false pretence . . RELATIONSHIP test of .. RELIGION insult to .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

RELIGIOUS assembly, disturbing of . . feelings, words wounding

RESCUE

..

..

..

..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

118

.. .. .. .. RESIST . . person in execution of any duty police officer . . .. .. .. RESPONSIBILITY in surgical operations .. criminal .. .. .. criminal, exception . . .. of persons having charge . . .. .. .. ..

.. 250 (a) .. .. 250 (d) 250 (b) .. 234 .. 235 236 210 .. .. .. .. .. 78 .. .. .. .. 74 76 81 82 77 ..
Section

RIDICULE persons, because of race, tribe, place of origin or colour RIGHT bona fide claim of RIOT definition .. punishment for .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 8

70

RIOTERS destroying buildings .. dispersal of . . .. .. injuring buildings . . .. to disperse, proclamation . . RIOTING after proclamation ..

79

RIOTOUSLY interfering with railways and vehicles ROBBERY .. aggravated. . ROGUE and vagabond .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 292 294 181 314 185 11 ..

83

SALE fraudulent, of mortgaged property of noxious foods . . .. .. SANITY presumption of . . .. .. ..

SEARCH power of, re brothels . .

148

SECRET Consent of Director of Public Prosecutions to prosecute .. evidence of corruption . . .. offences by agents . . .. .. SECURITY execution of by false pretence . . for keeping the peace .. .. SEDITION conspiracy . . .. .. definitions . . .. .. intention, defined . . .. publication . . .. .. writings, interpretation of .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 388 .. 387 385 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 310 310 57 62 60 61 .. 39 .. 37 40 170 278 .. 287

62

SENTENCE concurrent . . .. .. .. .. cumulative, unless otherwise directed date from which takes effect . . .. escaped convicts to serve unexpired . . SERVANT failure to provide for theft by .. .. SEVERING with intent to steal .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

39

SLAVE buy or dispose of person as dealing . . .. .. .. SMUGGLE assembling to .. ..

.. 261 262 .. 93
Section

STAMPS counterfeit, possess die to make postage, possess die to make . . use of previously used . . .. STATEMENTS false by interpreter . . .. false by officers of companies false for registers . . .. publication of false . . .. STATUTORY .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. 374 375 374 (h)

105 .. 325 .. 362 67

duty, disobedience of . .

..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 171 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

126

STEAL a child . . .. .. .. .. from the person . . .. .. stealing of motor vehicle . . .. kidnapping child with intent to . . things capable of being stolen . . STOCK theft of .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

276 (a) 281A 259 265 275 104 106

SUBORNATION of perjury . . .. .. of perjury, punishment for SURVEY marks, damage to . . marks, removal of . . TENANTS theft by .. .. .. .. .. ..

239 .. 238 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 271 .. .. .. .. .. .. 265 .. 281 162 383 382 .. 282 293 295 280 278 279 270 277
Section

TEST of relationship . .

TESTIMONIAL of character, lend for personation .. of character, personation of persons . . TESTIMONY uncorroborated, not to convict on . . THEFT after previous conviction . . .. .. assault with intent to commit . . .. aggravated assault with intent to commit by agents .. .. .. .. .. by clerks .. .. .. .. .. by directors or officers of companies by husband . . .. .. .. .. by person having interest in stolen thing by person in public service .. ..
THEFT-continued

59

by servant . . .. .. .. by tenants or lodgers .. by wife .. .. .. .. by conversion not amounting to definition of . . .. .. .. definition of in special cases . .

.. .. .. .. ..

278 281 271 .. 291 266

demand property with intent to commit from locked place . . .. .. .. from the person . . .. .. .. killing of animals with intent to commit of goods attached to railway . . .. of goods from dwelling-house . . .. of goods from public office .. .. of goods from vessel .. .. .. of goods in transit . . .. .. .. of postal matter .. .. .. .. of stock .. .. .. .. .. of wills .. .. .. .. .. punishment for .. .. .. .. severing with intent to commit . . .. THINGS capable of being stolen THREATENINGS violence . . .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Section

.. 299 276 (g) 276 (a) .. 286 276 (d) 276 (b) 276 (f) 276 (e) 276 (c) 274 275 273 272 287 .. 90 .. 297 296 298 .. .. 341 .. 218 .. 377 376 190 276 (c) 43 44 45 306 245 130 1 264

THREATS attempts at extortion by .. .. demanding by . . .. .. .. execution of deeds by . . .. .. of injury to person in public service to burn .. .. .. .. .. written, to murder .. .. .. TITLE short .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

103

TRADE marks, counterfeit . . marks, defined .. offensive .. .. TRANSIT theft of goods in . . TREASON .. concealment of treason-felony TRESPASS criminal .. on aerodromes
TRESPASS-continued

.. .. .. .. .. ..

on burial places

..

on railway

..

.. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 66 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

227 .. 267 .. .. 323 182 (1) 47

TRIALS limitations to

TRUST funds held under . .

TRUSTEES fraudulently disposing of trust property . . UNIFORM wearing of without permission UNLAWFUL assembly, definition of . . .. assembly, punishment for .. combination, assault in pursuance of drilling . . .. .. .. .. poisoning . . .. .. .. publication . . .. .. .. wounding . . .. .. .. UNNATURAL offences .. .. .. offences, attempt to commit UNSAFE vessel .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

74 75 250 (c) 232 (b) 194 232 (a) 155 156 .. 353 369 353 352 371 371 370 181 .. .. 228 83 242

UTTERING cancelled documents .. counterfeit coin . . .. exhausted documents .. false documents . . .. foreign coin as current coin metal as current coin .. repeated .. .. .. VAGABOND and rogue . . .. ..

VEHICLES acts endangering persons travelling in motor interfering with by rioters .. .. .. VESSEL cast away . . .. .. damaging with explosives overloaded . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 332 .. 335 (2) 240

theft from wrecked . . unsafe . . .. ..

.. ..

.. ..

.. ..

.. ..

.. ..

.. ..

276 (e) 240


Section

VIOLENCE proposing to assemblies . . threatening . . .. .. WAR promoting tribal . . ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 90 .. .. .. .. .. ..

91

46 .. 173 188 .. 271 85 359

WARRANTS false, for money payable under authority . . WATCHING AND BESETTING WATER fouling of . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

WEAPONS offensive, possession of WIFE theft by .. .. ..

WILLS concealing of .. .. punishment for damage to stolen . . .. .. .. WITNESSES deceiving .. .. interference with . . .. ..

.. 284 .. 335 (4) 273 .. .. .. .. .. .. 110 112 147 154 152 .. 131

WOMEN aiding and abetting prostitutes . . offence against, knowledge of age with child, abortion by . . .. WORDS wounding religious feeling . . WOUNDING WRECK acts preventing escape from punishment for damage to WRONGFUL confinement . . .. inducing of boycott ZAMBIA deportation from .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. ..

225 335 (5)

260 .. 92 .. 33

deportation within . . .. .. kidnapping from . . .. .. receiving goods stolen outside . .

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

34 251 320

CHAPTER 88
THE CRIMINAL PROCEDURE CODE ACT ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS PART I PRELIMINARY Section 1. 2. 3. Short title Interpretation Trial of offences under Penal Code and other written laws

PART II POWERS OF COURTS 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. Offences under Penal Code Offences under other written laws Sentences which High Court may pass Powers of subordinate courts Reconciliation Sentences requiring confirmation Power of High Court to order preliminary inquiry Cases to be tried only by High Court Combination of sentences or orders Release on bail pending confirmation or other order Corporal punishment-detention pending punishment Sentences in case of conviction for several offences at one trial Power of courts to suspend sentence

17.

Medical examination of accused persons

PART III GENERAL PROVISIONS Arrest, Escape and Retaking Arrest Generally 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. Arrest, how made Search of place entered by person sought to be arrested Power to break out of any house for purposes of liberation No unnecessary restraint Search of arrested persons Power of police officer to detain and search vehicles and persons in certain circumstances Mode of searching women Power to seize offensive weapons

Arrest without Warrant 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. Arrest by police officer without warrant Arrest of vagabonds, habitual robbers, etc. Procedure when police officer deputes subordinate to arrest without warrant Refusal to give name and residence Disposal of persons arrested by police officer Arrest by private persons Disposal of persons arrested by private person Detention of persons arrested without warrant Police to report apprehensions Offence committed in magistrate's presence Arrest by magistrate

Escape and Retaking 37. 38. 39. Recapture of person escaping Provisions of sections 19 and 20 to apply to arrests under section 37 Duty to assist magistrate, etc.

Prevention of Offences Security for Keeping the Peace and for Good Behaviour 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. Section 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. Copy of order under section 45 to accompany summons or warrant Power to dispense with personal attendance Inquiry as to truth of information Order to give security Discharge of person informed against Power of magistrate of subordinate court of the first or second class Security for good behaviour from persons disseminating seditious matters Powers of other magistrates Security for good behaviour from suspected persons Security for good behaviour from habitual offenders Order to be made Procedure in respect of person present in court Summons or warrant in case of person not so present

Proceedings in all Cases Subsequent to Order to Furnish Security 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. Commencement of period for which security is required Contents of bond Power to reject sureties Procedure on failure of person to give security Power to release persons imprisoned for failure to give security Power of High Court to cancel bond Discharge of sureties Forfeiture

Preventive Action of the Police 61. 62. Police to prevent cognizable offences Information of design to commit such offences

63. 64.

Arrest to prevent such offences Prevention of injury to public property

PART IV PROVISIONS RELATING INVESTIGATIONS Place of Inquiry or Trial 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. 74. 75. 76. 77. 78. 79. General authority of courts of Zambia Accused person to be sent to district where offence committed Removal of accused person under warrant Mode of trial before High Court Ordinary place of inquiry and trial Trial at place where act done or where consequence of offence ensues Trial where offence is connected with another offence Trial where place of offence is uncertain Offence near boundary of district or on or near railway Offence committed on a journey High Court to decide in cases of doubt Court to be open Transfer of Cases Transfer of case where offence committed outside jurisdiction Transfer of cases between magistrates Procedure when, after commencement of inquiry or trial, magistrate finds case should be transferred to another magistrate Power of High Court to change venue Criminal Proceedings Power of Director of Public Prosecutions to enter nolle prosequi Delegation of powers by Director of Public Prosecutions Criminal informations by Director of Public Prosecutions Signature of Director of Public Prosecutions to be evidence Arrest of persons for offences requiring the consent of the TO ALL CRIMINAL

80. 81. 82. 83. 84. 85.

Director of Public Prosecutions for commencement of prosecution Appointment of Public Prosecutors and Conduct of Prosecutions 86. 87. 88. 89. Power to appoint public prosecutors Powers of public prosecutors Withdrawal from prosecution in trials before subordinate courts Permission to conduct prosecution

Institution of Proceedings Making of Complaint 90. 91. Institution of proceedings Issue of summons or warrant

Processes to Compel the Appearance of Accused Persons Summons 92. 93. 94. 95. 96. 97. 98. 99. Form and contents of summons Service of summons Service when person summoned cannot be found Procedure when service cannot be effected as before provided Service on company Service outside local limits of jurisdiction Proof of service when serving officer not present Power to dispense with personal attendance of accused

Warrant of Arrest Section 100. 101. 102. 103. 104. 105. 106. Warrant after issue of summons Summons disobeyed Form, contents and duration of warrant of arrest Court may direct security to be taken Warrants, to whom directed Order for assistance directed to land-holder Execution of warrant directed to police officer

107. 108. 109. 110. 111. 112. 113.

Notification of substance of warrant Person arrested to be brought before court without delay Where warrant of arrest may be executed Forwarding of warrants for execution outside jurisdiction Procedure in case of warrant directed to police officer for execution outside jurisdiction Procedure on arrest of person outside jurisdiction Irregularities in warrant

Miscellaneous Provisions Regarding Processes 114. 115. 116. 117. Power to take bond for appearance Arrest for breach of bond for appearance Power of court to order prisoner to be brought before it Provisions of this Part generally applicable to summonses and warrants

Search Warrants 118. 119. 120. 121. 122. Power to issue search warrant Execution of search warrant Persons in charge of closed place to allow ingress thereto and egress therefrom Detention of property seized Provisions applicable to search warrants Provisions as to Bail 123. 124. 125. 126. 127. 128. 129. 130. 131. Bail Additional conditions of bail bond Release from custody Amount of bail, and deposits Power to order sufficient bail when that first taken is insufficient Discharge of sureties Death of surety Persons bound by recognizance absconding may be committed Forfeiture of recognizance

132. 133.

Appeal from and revision of orders Power to direct levy of amount due on recognizance Charges and Informations

134. 135. 136. 137.

Offence to be specified in charge or information with necessary particulars Joinder of counts in a charge or information Joinder of two or more accused in one charge or information Mode in which offences are to be charged

Previous Conviction or Acquittal 138. 139. 140. 141. 142. Persons convicted or acquitted not to be tried again for same offence Person may be tried again for separate offence Consequences supervening or not known at time of former trial Where original court was not competent to try subsequent charge Previous conviction, how proved

Compelling Attendance of Witnesses 143. 144. 145. 146. 147. 148. Summons for witness Warrant for witness who disobeys summons Warrant for witness in first instance Mode of dealing with witness arrested under warrant Power of court to order prisoner to be brought up for examination Penalty for non-attendance of witness

Examination of Witnesses 149. 150. 151. Procedure where person charged is called for defence Refractory witnesses Cases where wife or husband may be called without consent of accused

Commissions for the Examination of Witnesses Section 152. Issue of commission for examination of witness

153. 154. 155. 156. 157. 158. 158A. 159.

Parties may examine witness Power of magistrate to apply for issue of commission Return of commission Adjournment of inquiry or trial Competency of accused and husband or wife as witnesses Procedure where person charged is called for defence Completion of proceedings Right of reply

Procedure in Case of the Insanity or Other Incapacity of an Accused Person 160. 161. 162. 163. 164. 165. 166. 167. Question whether accused capable of making his defence Procedure where accused unfit to make his defence Procedure following order of detention during President's pleasure Detention during President's pleasure Discharge of persons detained during President's pleasure Resumption of trial Preliminary inquiries Defence of insanity at the time of the offence

167A. Application to persons detained in terms of orders made under former provisions Judgment 168. 169. 169A. 170. Mode of delivering judgment Contents of judgment Completion of proceedings Copy of judgment, etc., to be given to accused on application

171. Entry of judgment where public officer convicted of offence Costs, Compensation and Damages 172. 173. 174. 175. Costs against accused or prosecution Order to pay costs appealable Compensation in case of frivolous or vexatious charge Power of court to order accused to pay compensation

176. 177. 178.

Costs and compensation to be specified in order; how recoverable Power of court to award expenses or compensation out of fine Wrongful conversion and detention of property

Restitution of Property 179. 180. 181. 182. 183. Property found on accused person Stolen property When offence proved is included in offence charged Person charged with any offence may be convicted of attempt Person charged with treason may be convicted of treason-felony and person charged with treason or treason-felony may be convicted of sedition Alternative verdicts in various offences involving the homicide of children Person charged with manslaughter in connection with the driving of a motor vehicle may be convicted of reckless or dangerous driving Alternative verdicts in charges of rape and kindred offences Person charged with burglary, etc., may be convicted of kindred offence Alternative verdicts in charges of stealing and kindred offences Construction of sections 181 to 188 Person charged with misdemeanour not to be acquitted if felony proved

184. 185.

186. 187. 188. 189. 190.

PART V MODE OF TAKING AND RECORDING EVIDENCE IN INQUIRIES AND TRIALS 191. 191A. 192. 193. 194. 195. Evidence to be taken in presence of accused Reports by medical officers in public service Evidence of analyst Evidence of photographic process Evidence of plans, theft of postal matters and goods in transit on railways Interpretation of evidence to accused or his advocate

196.

Remarks respecting demeanour of witness

PART VI PROCEDURE IN TRIALS BEFORE SUBORDINATE COURTS Provisions Relating to the Hearing and Determination of Cases Section 197. 198. 199. 200. 201. 202. 203. 204. 205. 206. 207. 208. 209. 210. 211. 212. 213. 214. 215. 216. 217. 218. Trials in subordinate courts Trials with assessors Non-appearance of complainant at hearing Appearance of both parties Withdrawal of complaint Adjournment Non-appearance of parties after adjournment Accused to be called upon to plead Procedure on plea of "not guilty" Acquittal The defence Defence Procedure where defence calls no witnesses other than accused Evidence in reply Prosecutor's reply Where the accused person does not give evidence or make unsworn statement Variance between charge and evidence and amendment of charge The decision Drawing up of conviction or order Order of acquittal bar to further proceedings Committal to High Court for sentence Procedure on committal for sentence

Limitations and Exceptions Relating to Trials before

Subordinate Courts 219. 220. 221. Limitation of time for summary trials in certain cases Procedure in case of offence unsuitable for summary trial Payment by accused persons of fines which may be imposed for minor offences without appearing in court

PART VII PROVISIONS RELATING TO THE COMMITTAL OF ACCUSED PERSONS FOR TRIAL BEFORE THE HIGH COURT Preliminary Inquiry by Subordinate Courts Section 222. 223. 224. 225. 226. 227. 228. 229. 230. 231. 232. 233. 234. 235. 236. Power to commit for trial Court to hold preliminary inquiry Depositions How certain documents proved Variance between evidence and charge Remand Provisions as to taking statement or evidence of accused person Evidence and address in defence Discharge of accused person Committal for trial Summary adjudication Complaint and witnesses to be bound over Refusal to be bound over Accused person entitled to copy of depositions Binding over of witnesses conditionally

Preservation of Testimony in Certain Cases 237. 238. 239. Taking the depositions of persons dangerously ill Notices to be given Transmission of statement

240.

Use of statement in evidence

Proceedings after Committal for Trial 241. 242. 243. 244. 245. 246. 247. 248. 249. 250. Transmission of records to High Court and Director of Public Prosecutions Power of Director of Public Prosecutions to direct further investigation Powers of Director of Public Prosecutions as to additional witnesses Return of depositions with a view to summary trial Filing of information Time in which information to be filed Notice of trial Copy of information and notice of trial to be served Return of service Postponement of trial

Rules as to Informations by the Director of Public Prosecutions 251. 252. Informations by Director of Public Prosecutions Form of information

PART VIII SUMMARY COMMITTAL PROCEDURE FOR TRIAL OF ACCUSED PERSON BEFORE THE HIGH COURT 253. 254. 255. 256. 257. 258. 259. Interpretation Certifying of case as a summary procedure case No preliminary inquiry in summary procedure case Record to be forwarded Filing of an information Statements, etc., to be supplied to the accused Affidavit of medical witness may be read as evidence

PART IX PROCEDURE IN TRIALS BEFORE THE HIGH COURT

Practice and Mode of Trial 260. 261. Practice of High Court in its criminal jurisdiction Trials before High Court

List of Assessors 262. 263. 264. 265. 266. Preparation of list of assessors Liability to serve Exemptions Publication of list Revision of list

Attendance of Assessors 267. 268. 269. 270. 271. Summoning assessors Form of summons Excuses List of assessors attending Penalty for non-attendance of assessor

Arraignment 272. 273. 274. 275. 276. 277. 278. 279. 280. 281. Pleading to information Orders for amendment of information, separate trial, and postponement of trial Quashing of information Procedure in case of previous convictions Plea of "not guilty" Plea of autrefois acquit and autrefois convict Refusal to plead Plea of "guilty" Proceedings after plea of "not guilty" Power to postpone or adjourn proceedings

Selection of Assessors 282. 283. 284. Selection of assessors Absence of an assessor Assessors to attend at adjourned sittings

Case for the Prosecution 285. 286. 287. 288. 289. 290. 291. Opening of case for prosecution Additional witnesses for prosecution Cross-examination of witnesses for prosecution Depositions may be read as evidence in certain cases Deposition of medical witness may be read as evidence Statement or evidence of accused Close of case for prosecution

Case for the Defence 292. 293. 294. 295. 296. The defence Additional witnesses for defence Evidence in reply Prosecutor's reply Where accused person does not give evidence

Close of Hearing Section 297. Delivery of opinions by assessors

Passing Sentence 298. 299. 300. 301. 302. Motion in arrest of judgment Sentence Power to reserve decision on question raised at trial Objections cured by judgment Evidence for arriving at proper sentence

PART X SENTENCES AND THEIR EXECUTION Sentence of Death 303. 304. 305. Sentence of death Authority for detention Record and report to be sent to President

306. Procedure where woman convicted of capital offence alleges she is pregnant Other Sentences 306A 306B 306C 306D 306E 307. 308. 309. 310. 311. 312. 313. 314. 315. 316. Court to make community service order Contents of Community service order Offender to report to an authorised officer Failure of offender to comply with community service order Commission of further offence Warrant in case of sentence of imprisonment Warrant for levy of fine, etc. Objections to attachment Suspension of execution of sentence of imprisonment in default of fine Commitment for want of distress Commitment in lieu of distress Payment in full after commitment Part payment after commitment Who may issue warrant Limitation of imprisonment

Previously Convicted Offenders 317. 318. 319. Person twice convicted may be subjected to police supervision Requirements from persons subject to police supervision Failure to comply with requirements under section 318

Defects in Order or Warrant Section 320. Errors and omissions in orders and warrants

PART XI APPEALS 321. Appeals

321A. 322. 323. 324. 325. 326. 327. 328. 329. 330. 331. 332. 333. 334. 335. 336. Revision 337. 338. 339. 340.

Appeals by Director of Public Prosecutions Limitation Procedure preliminary to appeal Procedure for application to appeal out of time Procedure on appeal Notice of time and place of hearing Powers of appellate court Pronouncement of decision of the High Court sitting as an appellate court Order of appellate court to be certified Postponement of corporal punishment Suspension of orders on conviction Admission to bail or suspension of sentence pending appeal Further evidence Appeals to be heard by one Judge unless the Chief Justice otherwise directs Abatement of appeals Bail in cases of appeals to Supreme Court

Power of High Court to call for records Powers of High Court on revision Discretion of High Court as to hearing parties Order to be certified to lower court

Case stated 341. 342. 343. 344. 345. 346. 347. Case stated by subordinate court Recognizance to be taken and fees paid Subordinate court may refuse case when it thinks application frivolous Procedure on refusal of subordinate court to state case Constitution of court hearing case stated High Court to determine questions on case Case may be sent back for amendment or rehearing

348. 349. 350. 351. 351A.

Powers of subordinate court after decision of High Court Appellant may not proceed both by case stated and by appeal Contents of case stated High Court may enlarge time Interpretation

PART XII SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS Irregular Proceedings 352. 353. 354. Proceedings in wrong place Finding or sentence when not reversible Distress not illegal nor distrainer a trespasser for defect or want of form in proceedings

Miscellaneous 355. 356. 357. 358. 359. Disposal of exhibits Corporations Prescribed fees Prescribed forms Rules

Non-application of British Act 360. Non-application

FIRST SCHEDULE-Offences under the Penal Code SECOND SCHEDULE-Forms of stating offences in informations THIRD SCHEDULE-Prescribed fees FOURTH SCHEDULE-Prescribed forms FIFTH SCHEDULE-Offences for which courts may not suspend sentence

CHAPTER 88 CRIMINAL PROCEDURE CODE


23 of 1933 1 of 1936 23 of 1937 14 of 1938 52 of 1938 23 of 1939 28 of 1940 17 of 1942 4 of 1944 4 of 1945 17 of 1945 29 of 1945 11 of 1946 24 of 1950 30 of 1952 20 of 1953 47 of 1955 26 of 1956 50 of 1957 16 of 1959 2 of 1960 23 of 1960 5 of 1962 11 of 1963 18 of 1963 27 of 1964 57 of 1964 6 of 1965 28 of 1965 76 of 1965 18 of 1966 1 of 1960 46 of 1967 9 of 1968 54 of 1968 20 of 1969 36 of 1969 38 of 1969 24 of 1970 59 of 1970 23 of 1971 6 of 1972 33 of 1972 Government Notices 303 of 1964 493 of 1964 497 of 1964

An Act to make provision for the procedure to be followed in criminal cases [1st April, 1934]

Statutory Instruments 63 of 1964 152 of 1965 Act No. 9 of 1968 23 of 1971 33 of 1972 6 of 1972 12 of 1973 34 of 1973 32 of 1974 30 of 1976 28 of 1979 35 of 1993 13 of 1994 5 of 1997 13 of 2000 9 of 2003 9 of 2005

PART I PRELIMINARY 1. This Act may be cited as the Criminal Procedure Code Act
Short title Cap. 88

2. In this Code, unless the context otherwise requires"Christian marriage" means a marriage which is recognised, by the law of the place where it is contracted, as the voluntary union for life of one man and one woman to the exclusion of all others; "cognizable offence" means an offence for which a police officer may, in accordance with the First Schedule or under any written law for the time being in force, arrest without warrant; "complaint" means an allegation that some person known or unknown has committed or is guilty of an offence; "Court" means the High Court or any subordinate court as defined in this Code;

Interpretation

"district" means the district assigned to a subordinate court as the district within which it is to exercise jurisdiction; "husband" and "wife" mean a husband and wife of a Christian marriage; "non-cognizable offence" means an offence for which a police officer may not arrest without warrant; "officer in charge of a police station" includes, when the officer in charge of the police station is absent from the station-house or unable, from illness or other cause, to perform his duties, the police officer present at the station-house who is next in rank to such officer, or any other police officer so present; "police station" means a post or place appointed by the Inspector-General of Police to be a police station and includes any local area policed from such station; "preliminary inquiry" means an inquiry into a criminal charge held by a subordinate court with a view to the committal of the accused person for trial before the High Court; "public prosecutor" means any person appointed under the provisions of Cap. 30 section eighty-six and includes the Attorney-General, the Solicitor-General, the Director of Public Prosecutions, a State Advocate and any practitioner as defined in the Legal Practitioners Act appearing on behalf of the People in any criminal proceedings; "Registrar" means the Registrar of the High Court and includes a Deputy Registrar and an Assistant Registrar; "Session" has the meaning assigned to it by section two of the High Court Act; "subordinate court" means a subordinate court as constituted under the Subordinate Courts Act; "summary trial" means a trial held by a subordinate court under Part VI. (As amended by No. 28 of 1940, No. 23 of 1960, No. 5 of 1962, No. 27 of 1964 and S.I. No. 63 of 1964 and No. 13 of 2000 )
Cap. 27

Cap. 28

3. (1) All offences under the Penal Code shall be inquired into, tried and otherwise dealt with accordance to the provisions hereinafter contained.

Trial of offences under Penal Code

(2) All offences under any other written law shall be inquired into, tried Trial of offences under other written and otherwise dealt with according to the same provisions, subject, laws however, to any enactment for the time being in force regulating the manner or place of inquiring into, trying or otherwise dealing with such offences. PART II POWERS OF COURTS 4. Subject to the other provisions of this Code, any offence under the Penal Code may be tried by the High Court.
Offences under Penal Code

Offences under 5. (1) Any offence under any written law, other than the Penal Code, may, when any court is mentioned in that behalf in such law, be tried by other written laws such court or by the High Court.

(2) When no court is so mentioned, such offence may, subject to the other provisions of this Code, be tried by the High Court or by any subordinate court. 6. The High Court may pass any sentence or make any order authorised by law.
Sentences which High Court may pass

7. Subject to the other provisions of this Code, a subordinate court of Powers of the first, second or third class may try any offence under the Penal Code subordinate courts or any other written law, and may pass any sentence or make any other order authorised by the Penal Code or any other written law: Provided that(i) a subordinate court presided over by a senior resident magistrate shall not impose any sentence of imprisonment exceeding a term of nine

years; (ii) a subordinate court presided over by a resident magistrate shall not impose any sentence of imprisonment exceeding a term of seven years; (iii) a subordinate court presided over by a magistrate of the first class shall not impose any sentence of imprisonment exceeding a term of five years; (iv) a subordinate court other than a court presided over by a senior resident magistrate, a resident magistrate or a magistrate of the first class, shall not impose any sentence of imprisonment exceeding a term of three years. (As amended by No. 23 of 1939, No. 26 of 1956, No. 28 of 1965 and No. 6 of 1972) 8. In criminal cases, a subordinate court may promote reconciliation, Reconciliation and encourage and facilitate the settlement in an amicable way, of proceedings for assault, or for any other offence of a personal or private nature, not amounting to felony and not aggravated in degree, in terms of payment of compensation or other terms approved by such court and may, thereupon, order the proceedings to be stayed. (No. 5 of 1962) 9. (1) No sentence imposed by a subordinate court presided over by a Sentences magistrate of the first class (other than a Senior Resident Magistrate or a requiring confirmation Resident Magistrate) exceeding two years' imprisonment with or without hard labour shall be carried into effect in respect of the excess, until the record of the case or a certified copy thereof has been transmitted to and the sentence has been confirmed by the High Court. (2) Whenever a subordinate court of the first class (other than a court presided over by a Senior Resident Magistrate or a Resident Magistrate) imposes a fine exceeding three thousand penalty units, or imprisonment in default thereof, it shall be lawful for such court to levy the whole amount of such fine or to commit the convicted person to prison, in default of payment or distress, for the whole term of such imprisonment, without confirmation by the High Court; but such court shall immediately transmit the record of the case or a certified copy thereof to the High Court, which may, thereupon, exercise all the powers

conferred upon it by subsection (3) of section thirteen: Provided always that such court may, in its discretion, in lieu of levying such fine in excess of three thousand penalty units or of committing the convicted person to prison, take security by deposit or by bond with two sureties, to be approved by the court, in such sum as it may think fit, pending any order of the High Court, for the performance of such order. (3) No sentence imposed by a subordinate court of the second class, exceeding one year's imprisonment with or without hard labour, shall be carried into effect in respect of the excess, until the record of the case or a certified copy thereof has been transmitted to and the sentence has been confirmed by the High Court. (4) Whenever a subordinate court of the second class imposes a fine exceeding one thousand and five hundred penalty units, or imprisonment in default thereof, it shall be lawful for such court to levy the whole amount of such fine or to commit the convicted person to prison, in default of payment or distress, for the whole term of such imprisonment, without confirmation by the High Court; but such court shall immediately transmit the record of the case or a certified copy thereof to the High Court, which may, thereupon, exercise all the powers conferred upon it by subsection (3) of section thirteen: Provided always that such court may, in its discretion, in lieu of levying such fine in excess of one thousand and five hundred penalty units or of committing the convicted person to prison, take security by deposit or by bond with two sureties, to be approved by the court, in such sum as it may think fit, pending any order of the High Court, for the performance of such order. (5) No sentence imposed by a subordinate court of the third class, exceeding six months' imprisonment with or without hard labour, shall be carried into effect in respect of the excess, and no fine exceeding seven hundred and fifty penalty units shall be levied in respect of the excess, until the record of the case or a certified copy thereof has been transmitted to and the sentence confirmed by the High Court. And no caning in excess of twelve strokes shall be administered until the record of the case or a certified copy thereof has been transmitted to and the order has been confirmed by the High Court.

(6) Whenever a subordinate court passes sentence of death, such court shall immediately transmit the record of the case or a certified copy thereof to the High Court, which may, thereupon, exercise all the powers conferred upon it by subsection (3) of section thirteen. (7) Any sentence passed by a subordinate court which requires confirmation by the High Court shall be deemed to have been so confirmed if on a first appeal to the Supreme Court or the High Court, as the case may be, the sentence is maintained by the appellate court. (As amended by No. 23 of 1939, No. 30 of 1952, No. 26 of 1956, G.N. No. 493 of 1964, No. 28 of 1965, No. 23 of 1971, No. 6 of 1972 and Act No. 13 of 1994) 10. The High Court may, by special order, direct that in the case of any Power of High particular charge brought against any person in a subordinate court, such Court to order preliminary inquiry court shall not try such charge but shall hold a preliminary inquiry under the provisions of Part VII. (No. 26 of 1956) 11. (1) The Chief Justice may, by statutory notice, order that any class Cases to be tried of offence specified in such notice shall be tried by the High Court or be only by High Court tried or committed to the High Court for trial by a subordinate court presided over by a senior resident magistrate only (2) No case of treason or murder or of any offence of a class specified in a notice issued under the provisions of subsection (1) shall be tried by a subordinate court unless special authority has been given by the High Court for such trial. (No. 26 of 1956 as amended by No. 16 of 1959 and No. 28 of 1965) 12. Any court may pass any lawful sentence or make any lawful order Combination of combining any of the sentences or orders which it is authorised by law to sentences or orders pass or make. 13. (1) Whenever a subordinate court shall pass a sentence which requires confirmation, the court imposing such sentence may, in its discretion, release the person sentenced on bail, pending confirmation or such order as the confirming court may make.
Release on bail pending confirmation or other order

(2) If the person sentenced is so released on bail as aforesaid, the term of imprisonment shall run from the date upon which such person begins to serve his sentence after confirmation or other order of the confirming court: Provided, however, that the person sentenced may, pending confirmation or other order, elect to serve his sentence from the date upon which he is sentenced by the subordinate court, in which case the term of imprisonment shall run from such date. (3) The confirming court may exercise the same powers in confirmation as are conferred upon it in revision by Part XI. 14. Repealed By Act No. 9 of 2003
Sentences in case of conviction for several offences at one trial

15. (1) When a person is convicted at one trial of two or more distinct offences, the court may sentence him, for such offences, to the several punishments prescribed therefor which such court is competent to impose; such punishments, when consisting of imprisonment, to commence the one after the expiration of the other, in such order as the court may direct, unless the court directs that such punishments shall run concurrently. (2) For the purposes of confirmation, the aggregate of consecutive sentences imposed under this section, in case of convictions for several offences at one trial, shall be deemed to be a single sentence.

Power of courts to 16. (1) Whenever a person is convicted before any court for any offence other than an offence specified in the Fifth Schedule, the court suspend sentence may, in its discretion, pass sentence but order the operation of the whole or any part of the sentence to be suspended for a period not exceeding three years on such conditions, relating to compensation to be made by the offender for damage or pecuniary loss, or to good conduct, or to any other matter whatsoever, as the court may specify in the order.

(2) Where the operation of a sentence has been suspended under subsection (1) and the offender has, during the period of the suspension, observed all the conditions specified in the order, the sentence shall not

be enforced. (3) If the conditions of any order made under subsection (1) are not fulfilled, the offender may, upon the order of a magistrate or Judge, be arrested without warrant and brought before the court which suspended the operation of his sentence, and the court may direct that the sentence, or part thereof, shall be executed forthwith or, in the case of a sentence of imprisonment, after the expiration of any other sentence of imprisonment which such offender is liable to serve: Provided that the court that suspended the operation of the sentence may, in its discretion, if it be proved to its satisfaction by the offender that he has been unable through circumstances beyond his control to perform any condition of such suspension, grant an order further suspending the operation of the sentence subject to such conditions as might have been imposed at the time of the passing of the sentence. (4) In the alternative, where a court is satisfied that any person convicted before it of an offence has, by reason of such conviction, failed to fulfil the conditions of an order made under subsection (1), the court may direct that the sentence suspended by reason of the said order be either executed forthwith or, in the case of a sentence of imprisonment, after the expiration of any other sentence of imprisonment which such person is liable to serve. (5) For the purposes of any appeal therefrom, a direction by a court made under subsection (3) or (4) shall be deemed to be a conviction. (No. 16 of 1959 as amended by No. 27 of 1964, No. 76 of 1965 and No. 46 of 1967)
Medical 17. (1) A court may, at any stage in a trial or inquiry, order that an accused person be medically examined for the purpose of ascertaining examination of accused persons any matter which is or may be, in the opinion of the court, material to the proceedings before the court.

(2) Where an accused person is examined on the order of a court made under subsection (1), a document purporting to be the certificate of the medical officer who carried out the examination shall be receivable in evidence to prove the matters stated therein:

Provided that the court may summon such medical officer to give evidence orally. (No. 11 of 1963) PART III GENERAL PROVISIONS Arrest, Escape and Retaking Arrest Generally 18. (1) In making an arrest, the police officer or other person making the same shall actually touch or confine the body of the person to be arrested, unless there be a submission to the custody by word or action. (2) If such person forcibly resists the endeavour to arrest him, or attempts to evade the arrest, such police officer or other person may use all means reasonably necessary to effect the arrest. (As amended by No. 28 of 1940) 19. (1) If any person acting under a warrant of arrest, or any police officer having authority to arrest, has reason to believe that the person to be arrested has entered into or is within any place, the person residing in or being in charge of such place shall, on demand of such person acting as aforesaid or such police officer, allow him free ingress thereto and afford all reasonable facilities for a search therein. (2) If ingress to such place cannot be obtained under subsection (1), it shall be lawful, in any case, for a person acting under a warrant, and, in any case in which a warrant may issue, but cannot be obtained without affording the person to be arrested an opportunity to escape, for a police officer to enter such place and search therein, and, in order to effect an entrance into such place, to break open any outer or inner door or window of any house or place, whether that of the person to be arrested or of any other person, or otherwise effect entry into such house or place, if, after notification of his authority and purpose, and demand of admittance duly made, he cannot otherwise obtain admittance. 20. Any police officer or other person authorised to make an arrest
Power to break out of any house for Search of place entered by person sought to be arrested Arrest, how made

may break out of any house or place in order to liberate himself or any purposes of other person who, having lawfully entered for the purpose of making an liberation arrest, is detained therein. 21. The person arrested shall not be subjected to more restraint than is No unnecessary restraint necessary to prevent his escape. 22. Whenever a person is arrestedSearch of arrested persons

(a) by a police officer under a warrant which does not provide for the taking of bail or under a warrant which provides for the taking of bail and the person arrested cannot furnish bail; or (b) without warrant, or by a private person under a warrant, and the person arrested cannot legally be admitted to bail or is unable to furnish bail; the police officer making the arrest or, when the arrest is made by a private person, the police officer to whom he makes over the person arrested may search such person and place in safe custody all articles, other than necessary wearing apparel, found upon him. 23. Any police officer may stop, search and detain any vessel, aircraft or vehicle in or upon which there shall be reason to suspect that anything stolen or unlawfully obtained may be found and also any person who may be reasonably suspected of having in his possession or conveying in any manner anything stolen or unlawfully obtained, and may seize any such thing. (No. 28 of 1940) 24. Whenever it is necessary to cause a woman to be searched, the search shall be made by another woman with strict regard to decency.

Power of police officer to detain and search vehicles and persons in certain circumstances

Mode of searching women

25. The police officer or other person making any arrest may take from Power to seize offensive weapons the person arrested any offensive weapons which he has about his person and shall deliver all weapons so taken to the court or officer before which or whom the officer or person making the arrest is required by law to produce the person arrested. Arrest without Warrant

26. Any police officer may, without an order from a magistrate and without a warrant, arrest(a) any person whom he suspects, upon reasonable grounds, of having committed a cognizable offence; (b) any person who commits a breach of the peace in his presence; (c) any person who obstructs a police officer while in the execution of his duty, or who has escaped or attempts to escape from lawful custody; (d) any person in whose possession anything is found which may reasonably be suspected to be stolen property, or who may reasonably be suspected of having committed an offence with reference to such thing; (e) any person whom he suspects, upon reasonable grounds, of being a deserter from the Defence Force; (f) any person whom he finds in any highway, yard or other place during the night, and whom he suspects, upon reasonable grounds of having committed or being about to commit a felony; (g) any person whom he suspects, upon reasonable grounds, of having been concerned in any act committed at any place out of Zambia which, if committed in Zambia, would have been punishable as an offence, and for which he is, under the Extradition Act, or otherwise, liable to be apprehended and detained in Zambia; (h) any person having in his possession, without lawful excuse, the burden of proving which excuse shall lie on such person, any implement of housebreaking; (i) any released convict committing a breach of any provision prescribed by section three hundred and eighteen or of any rule made thereunder; (j) any person for whom he has reasonable cause to believe a warrant of arrest has been issued. (As amended by No. 23 of 1937 and S.I. No. 63 of 1964)

Arrest by police officer without warrant Cap. 94

27. Any officer in charge of a police station may, in like manner, arrest Arrest of vagabonds, or cause to be arrested(a) any person found taking precautions to conceal his presence within the limits of such station, under circumstances which afford reason to believe that he is taking such precautions with a view to committing a cognizable offence; (b) any person, within the limits of such station, who has no

habitual robbers, etc.

ostensible means of subsistence, or who cannot give a satisfactory account of himself; (c) any person who is, by repute, an habitual robber, housebreaker or thief, or an habitual receiver of stolen property, knowing it to be stolen, or who, by repute, habitually commits extortion, or, in order to commit extortion, habitually puts or attempts to put persons in fear of injury. 28. When any officer in charge of a police station requires any officer subordinate to him to arrest without a warrant (otherwise than in such officer's presence) any person who may lawfully be arrested without a warrant, he shall deliver to the officer required to make the arrest an order in writing, specifying the person to be arrested and the offence or other cause for which the arrest is to be made.
Procedure when police officer deputes subordinate to arrest without warrant

29. (1) When any person who, in the presence of a police officer, has Refusal to give committed or has been accused of committing a non-cognizable offence name and residence refuses, on the demand of such officer, to give his name and residence, or gives a name or residence which such officer has reason to believe to be false, he may be arrested by such officer, in order that his name or residence may be ascertained. (2) When the true name and residence of such person have been ascertained, he shall be released on his executing a bond, with or without sureties, to appear before a magistrate, if so required: Provided that, if such person is not resident in Zambia, the bond shall be secured by a surety or sureties resident in Zambia. (3) Should the true name and residence of such person not be ascertained within twenty-four hours from the time of arrest, or should he fail to execute the bond, or, if so required, to furnish sufficient sureties, he shall forthwith be taken before the nearest magistrate having jurisdiction. (4) Any police officer may arrest without a warrant any person who in his presence has committed a non-cognizable offence, if reasonable grounds exist for believing that, except by the arrest of the person offending, he could not be found or made answerable to justice.

(As amended by No. 4 of 1945) 30. A police officer making an arrest without a warrant shall, without Disposal of persons arrested by unnecessary delay and subject to the provisions herein contained as to police officer bail, take or send the person arrested before a magistrate having jurisdiction in the case or before an officer in charge of a police station. 31. (1) Any private person may arrest any person who, in his presence, Arrest by private persons commits a cognizable offence, or whom he reasonably suspects of having committed a felony. (2) Persons found committing any offence involving injury to property may be arrested without a warrant by the owner of the property or his servants or persons authorised by him. 32. (1) Any private person arresting any other person without a warrant Disposal of shall, without unnecessary delay, make over the person so arrested to a persons arrested by private person police officer, or, in the absence of a police officer, shall take such person to the nearest police station. (2) If there is reason to believe that such person comes under the provisions of section twenty-six, a police officer shall re-arrest him. (3) If there is reason to believe that he has committed a non-cognizable offence, and he refuses, on the demand of a police officer, to give his name and residence, or gives a name or residence which such officer has reason to believe to be false, he shall be dealt with under the provisions of section twenty-nine. If there is no sufficient reason to believe that he has committed any offence, he shall be at once released. 33. (1) When any person has been taken into custody without a warrant Detention of for an offence other than an offence punishable with death, the officer in persons arrested without warrant charge of the police station to which such person shall be brought may, in any case, and shall, if it does not appear practicable to bring such person before an appropriate competent court within twenty-four hours after he was so taken into custody, inquire into the case, and, unless the offence appears to the officer to be of a serious nature, release the person, on his executing a bond, with or without sureties, for a reasonable amount, to appear before a competent court at a time and

place to be named in the bond: but, where any person is retained in custody, he shall be brought before a competent court as soon as practicable. Notwithstanding anything contained in this section, an officer in charge of a police station may release a person arrested on suspicion on a charge of committing any offence, when, after due police inquiry, insufficient evidence is, in his opinion, disclosed on which to proceed with the charge. (2) In this section, "competent court" means any court having jurisdiction to try or hold a preliminary inquiry into the offence for which the person has been taken into custody. (As amended by No. 28 of 1940 and No. 2 of 1960) 34. Officers in charge of police stations shall report to the nearest magistrate the cases of all persons arrested without warrant within the limits of their respective stations, whether such persons have been admitted to bail or not.
Police to report apprehensions

Offence committed 35. When any offence is committed in the presence of a magistrate within the local limits of his jurisdiction, he may himself arrest or order in magistrate's presence any person to arrest the offender, and may, thereupon, subject to the provisions herein contained as to bail, commit the offender to custody.

36. Any magistrate may, at any time, arrest or direct the arrest, in his presence, within the local limits of his jurisdiction, of any person for whose arrest he is competent, at the time and in the circumstances, to issue a warrant. Escape and Retaking

Arrest by magistrate

37. If a person in lawful custody escapes or is rescued, the person from Recapture of person escaping whose custody he escapes or is rescued may immediately pursue and arrest him in any place in Zambia. 38. The provisions of sections nineteen and twenty shall apply to arrests under the last preceding section, although the person making any such arrest is not acting under a warrant, and is not a police officer having authority to arrest.
Provisions of sections 19 and 20 to apply to arrests under section 37

39. Every person is bound to assist a magistrate or police officer reasonably demanding his aid(a) in the taking or preventing the escape of any other person whom such magistrate or police officer is authorised to arrest; (b) in the prevention or suppression of a breach of the peace, or in the prevention of any injury attempted to be committed to any railway, canal, telegraph or public property. Prevention of Offences Security for Keeping the Peace and for Good Behaviour 40. (1) Whenever a magistrate empowered to hold a subordinate court of the first or second class is informed on oath that any person is likely to commit a breach of the peace or disturb the public tranquility, or to do any wrongful act that may probably occassion a breach of the peace or disturb the public tranquillity, the magistrate may, in manner hereinafter provided, require such person to show cause why he should not be ordered to execute a bond, with or without sureties, for keeping the peace for such period, not exceeding one year, as the magistrate thinks fit. (2) Proceedings shall not be taken under this section, unless either the person informed against, or the place where the breach of the peace or disturbance is apprehended, is within the local limits of such magistrate's jurisdiction. 41. Whenever a magistrate empowered to hold a subordinate court of the first class is informed on oath that a person is within the limits of his jurisdiction and that such person, within or without such limits, either orally or in writing, or in any other manner, is disseminating, or attempting to disseminate, or in any wise abetting the dissemination of(a) any seditious matter, that is to say, any matter the publication of which is punishable under section fifty-seven of the Penal Code; or (b) any matter concerning a Judge which amounts to libel under the Penal Code: such magistrate may (in manner provided in this Code) require such person to show cause why he should not be ordered to execute a bond, with or without sureties, for his good behaviour for such period, not exceeding one year, as the magistrate thinks fit to fix.

Duty to assist magistrate, etc.

Power of magistrate of subordinate court of the first or second class

Security for good behaviour from persons disseminating seditious matters Cap. 87

(No. 28 of 1940) 42. (1) When any magistrate not empowered to proceed under section Powers of other forty has reason to believe that any person is likely to commit a breach magistrates of the peace or disturb the public tranquillity, or to do any wrongful act that may probably occasion a breach of the peace or disturb the public tranquillity, and that such breach of the peace or disturbance cannot be prevented otherwise than by detaining such person in custody, such magistrate may, after recording his reasons, issue a warrant for his arrest (if he is not already in custody or before the court), and may send him before a magistrate empowered to deal with the case, with a copy of his reasons. (2) A magistrate before whom a person is sent under this section may, in his discretion, detain such person in custody until the completion of the inquiry hereinafter prescribed. 43. Whenever a magistrate empowered to hold a subordinate court of the first or second class is informed on oath that any person is taking precautions to conceal his presence within the local limits of such magistrate's jurisdiction, and that there is reason to believe that such person is taking such precautions with a view to committing any offence, such magistrate may, in manner hereinafter provided, require such person to show cause why he should not be ordered to execute a bond, with sureties, for his good behaviour for such period, not exceeding one year, as the magistrate thinks fit. 44. Whenever a magistrate empowered to hold a subordinate court of the first or second class is informed on oath that any person within the local limits of his jurisdiction(a) is, by habit, a robber, housebreaker or thief; or (b) is, by habit, a receiver of stolen property, knowing the same to have been stolen; or (c) habitually protects or harbours thieves, or aids in the concealment or disposal of stolen property; or (d) habitually commits or attempts to commit, or aids or abets in the commission of, any offence punishable under Chapter XXX, XXXIV or XXXVII of the Penal Code; or (e) habitually commits or attempts to commit, or aids or abets in the commission of, offences involving a breach of the peace; or
Security for good behaviour from suspected persons

Security for good behaviour from habitual offenders Cap. 87

(f) is so desperate and dangerous as to render his being at large without security hazardous to the community; such magistrate may, in manner hereinafter provided, require such person to show cause why he should not be ordered to execute a bond, with sureties, for his good behaviour for such period, not exceeding three years, as the magistrate thinks fit.
Order to be made 45. When a magistrate acting under section forty, forty-three or forty-four deems it necessary to require any person to show cause under any such section, he shall make an order in writing setting forth-

(a) (b) (c) (d)

the substance of the information received; the amount of the bond to be executed; the term for which it is to be in force; and the number, character and class of sureties, if any, required.

46. If the person in respect of whom an order under the last preceding Procedure in section is made is present in court, it shall be read over to him, or, if he respect of person present in court so desires, the substance thereof shall be explained to him. 47. If the person referred to in the last preceding section is not present in court, the magistrate shall issue a summons requiring him to appear, or, when such person is in custody, a warrant directing the officer in whose custody he is to bring him before the court. Provided that, whenever it appears to such magistrate, upon the report of a police officer or upon other information (the substance of which report or information shall be recorded by the magistrate), that there is reason to fear the commission of a breach of the peace, and that such breach of the peace cannot be prevented otherwise than by the immediate arrest of such person, the magistrate may, at any time, issue a warrant for his arrest. 48. Every summons or warrant issued under the last preceding section shall be accompanied by a copy of the order made under section forty-five, and such copy shall be delivered by the officer serving or executing such summons or warrant to the person served with or arrested under the same.
Copy of order under section 45 to accompany summons or warrant Summons or warrant in case of person not so present

49. The magistrate may, if he sees sufficient cause, dispense with the Power to dispense with personal personal attendance of any person called upon to show cause why he attendance should not be ordered to execute a bond for keeping the peace, and may permit him to appear by an advocate.
Inquiry as to truth 50. (1) When an order under section forty-five has been read or of information explained under section forty-six to a person present in court, or when any person appears or is brought before a magistrate in compliance with or in execution of a summons or warrant issued under section forty-seven, the magistrate shall proceed to inquire into the truth of the information upon which the action has been taken, and to take such further evidence as may appear necessary.

(2) Such inquiry shall be made, as nearly as may be practicable, in the manner hereinafter prescribed for conducting trials and recording evidence in trials before subordinate courts. (3) For the purposes of this section, the fact that a person comes within the provisions of section forty-four may be proved by evidence of general repute or otherwise. (4) Where two or more persons have been associated together in the matter under inquiry, they may be dealt with in the same or separate inquiries, as the magistrate thinks just. 51. (1) If, upon such inquiry, it is proved that it is necessary for keeping Order to give security the peace or maintaining good behaviour, as the case may be, that the person in respect of whom the inquiry is made should execute a bond, with or without sureties, the magistrate shall make an order accordingly: Provided that(i) no person shall be ordered to give security of a nature different from, or of an amount larger than, or for a period longer than, that specified in the order made under section forty-five; (ii) the amount of every bond shall be fixed with due regard to the circumstances of the case and shall not be excessive;

(iii) when the person in respect of whom the inquiry is made is a minor, the bond shall be executed only by his sureties. (2) Any person ordered to give security for good behaviour under this section may appeal to the High Court, and the provisions of Part XI (relating to appeals) shall apply to every such appeal.
Discharge of 52. If, on an inquiry under section fifty, it is not proved that it is necessary for keeping the peace or maintaining good behaviour, as the person informed against case may be, that the person in respect of whom the inquiry is made should execute a bond, the magistrate shall make an entry on the record to that effect, and, if such person is in custody only for the purposes of the inquiry, shall release him, or, if such person is not in custody, shall discharge him.

Proceedings in all Cases Subsequent to Order to Furnish Security 53. (1) If any person in respect of whom an order requiring security is made under section forty-five or fifty-one is, at the time such order is made, sentenced to or undergoing a sentence of imprisonment, the period for which such security is required shall commence on the expiration of such sentence. (2) In other cases, such period shall commence on the date of such order, unless the magistrate, for sufficient reason, fixes a later date. 54. The bond to be executed by any such person shall bind him to keep Contents of bond the peace or to be of good behaviour, as the case may be, and, in the latter case, the commission or attempt to commit, or the aiding, abetting, counselling or procuring the commission of any offence punishable with imprisonment, wherever it may be committed, shall be a breach of the bond. 55. A magistrate may refuse to accept any surety offered under any of Power to reject the preceding sections, on the ground that, for reasons to be recorded by sureties the magistrate, such surety is an unfit person. 56. (1) If any person ordered to give security as aforesaid does not give Procedure on such security on or before the date on which the period for which such failure of person to
give security Commencement of period for which security is required

security is to be given commences, he shall, except in the case mentioned in subsection (2), be committed to prison, or, if he is already in prison, be detained in prison until such period expires, or until, within such period, he gives the security to the court or magistrate which or who made the order requiring it. (2) When such person has been ordered by a magistrate to give security for a period exceeding one year, such magistrate shall, if such person does not give such security as aforesaid, issue a warrant directing him to be detained in prison pending the orders of the High Court, and the proceedings shall be laid, as soon as conveniently may be, before such Court. (3) The High Court, after examining such proceedings and requiring from the magistrate any further information or evidence which it thinks necessary, may make such order in the case as it thinks fit. (4) The period, if any, for which any person is imprisoned for failure to give security shall not exceed three years. (5) If the security is tendered to the officer in charge of the prison, he shall forthwith refer the matter to the court or magistrate which or who made the order, and shall await the orders of such court or magistrate. (6) Imprisonment for failure to give security for keeping the peace shall be without hard labour. (7) Imprisonment for failure to give security for good behaviour may be with or without hard labour, as the court or magistrate, in each case, directs. 57. Whenever a magistrate empowered to hold a subordinate court of the first or second class is of opinion that any person imprisoned for failing to give security may be released without hazard to the community, such magistrate shall make an immediate report of the case for the orders of the High Court, and such Court may, if it thinks fit, order such person to be discharged. 58. The High Court may, at any time, for sufficient reasons to be
Power to release persons imprisoned for failure to give security

Power of High

recorded in writing, cancel any bond for keeping the peace or for good Court to cancel behaviour executed under any of the preceding sections by order of any bond court or magistrate. 59. (1) Any surety for the peaceable conduct or good behaviour of another person may, at any time, apply to a magistrate empowered to hold a subordinate court of the first or second class to cancel any bond executed under any of the preceding sections within the local limits of his jurisdiction. (2) On such application being made, the magistrate shall issue his summons or warrant, as he thinks fit, requiring the person for whom such surety is bound to appear or to be brought before him. (3) When such person appears or is brought before the magistrate, such magistrate shall cancel the bond and shall order such person to give, for the unexpired portion of the term of such bond, fresh security of the same description as the original security. Every such order shall, for the purposes of sections fifty-four, fifty-five, fifty-six and fifty-seven, be deemed to be an order made under section fifty-one. 60. (1) If the conditions of any bond be not complied with, the court may endorse such bond and declare the same to be forfeited. (2) On any forfeiture, the court may issue its warrant of distress for the amount mentioned in such bond, or for the imprisonment of the principal and his surety or sureties for a term not exceeding six months, unless the amount be sooner paid or levied. (3) A warrant of distress under this section may be executed within the local limits of the jurisdiction of the court which issued it, and it shall authorise the distress and sale of any property belonging to such person and his surety or sureties without such limits, when endorsed by a magistrate holding a subordinate court of the first or second class within the local limits of whose jurisdiction such property is found. Preventive Action of the Police 61. Every police officer may interpose for the purpose of preventing, and shall, to the best of his ability, prevent the commission of any cognizable offence.
Police to prevent cognizable offences Forfeiture Discharge of sureties

62. Every police officer receiving information of a design to commit Information of design to commit any cognizable offence shall communicate such information to the such offences police officer to whom he is subordinate, and to any other officer whose duty it is to prevent or take cognizance of the commission of any such offence. 63. A police officer knowing of a design to commit any cognizable offence may arrest, without orders from a magistrate and without a warrant, the person so designing, if it appears to such officer that the commission of the offence cannot otherwise be prevented.
Arrest to prevent such offences

64. A police officer may, of his own authority, interpose to prevent any Prevention of injury to public injury attempted to be committed, in his presence, to any public property property, movable or immovable, or the removal of or injury to any public landmark, or buoy, or other mark used for navigation.

PART IV PROVISIONS RELATING INVESTIGATIONS Place of Inquiry or Trial


General authority 65. Every court has authority to cause to be brought before it any of courts of Zambia person who is within the local limits of its jurisdiction, and is charged with an offence committed within Zambia, or which, according to law, may be dealt with as if it has been committed within Zambia, and to deal with the accused person according to its jurisdiction.

TO

ALL

CRIMINAL

66. Where a person accused of having committed an offence within Zambia has escaped or removed from the district within which the offence was committed, and is found within another district, the court within whose jurisdiction he is found shall cause him to be brought before it, and shall, unless authorised to proceed in the case, send him in custody to the court within whose jurisdiction the offence is alleged to have been committed, or require him to give security for his surrender to that court there to answer the charge and to be dealt with according to law.

Accused person to be sent ot district where offence committed

67. Where any person is to be sent in custody in pursuance of the last preceding section, a warrant shall be issued by the court within whose jurisdiction he is found, and that warrant shall be sufficient authority to any person to whom it is directed to receive and detain the person therein named, and to carry him and deliver him up to the court within whose district the offence was committed or may be tried.

Removal of accused person under warrant

68. (1) The High Court may inquire of and try any offence subject to its Mode of trial before High Court jurisdiction, at any place where it has power to hold sittings. (2) Criminal cases in the High Court shall, subject to the provisions of subsection (3), be tried upon information signed in accordance with the provisions of this Code. (3) The Chief Justice may, by statutory order, direct that any offences or Cap. 87 class of offences, other than offences against sections one hundred and ninety-nine, two hundred, two hundred and fifteen, two hundred and sixteen and two hundred and nineteen of the Penal Code, may be tried by the High Court without a preliminary inquiry as if it were a court of summary jurisdiction. (4) When an order has been made under subsection (3), the trial shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions of Part VI and the provisions of Part IX shall not apply to any such trial. (No. 11 of 1946) 69. Subject to the provisions of section sixty-eight and to the powers of Ordinary place of inquiry and trial transfer conferred by sections seventy-eight and eighty, every offence shall be inquired into or tried, as the case may be, by a court within the local limits of whose jurisdiction it was committed or within the local limits of whose jurisdiction the accused was apprehended, or is in custody on a charge for the offence, or has appeared in answer to a summons lawfully issued charging him with the offence. (No. 28 of 1940)
Trial at place 70. When a person is accused of the commission of any offence, by reason of anything which has been done, or omitted to be done, or of any where act done or where consequence consequence which has ensued, such offence may be inquired into or

of offence ensues tried by a court within the local limits of whose jurisdiction any such thing has been done, or omitted to be done, or any such consequence has ensued.

71. When an act or ommission is an offence by reason of its relation to any other act or omission which is also an offence, or which would be an offence if the doer were capable of committing an offence, a charge of the first-mentioned offence may be inquired into or tried by a court within the local limits of whose jurisdiction either act was done. 72. When-

Trial where offence is connected with another offence

(a) it is uncertain in which of several districts an offence was comitted; or (b) an offence is committed partly in one district and partly in another; or (c) an offence is a continuing one, and continues to be committed in more districts than one; or (d) an offence consists of several acts or omissions done in different districts; such offence may be inquired into or tried by a court having jurisdiction in any of such districts. 73. (1) When an offence is committed on or near the boundary or boundaries of two or more districts, or within a distance of ten miles from any such boundary or boundaries, it may be inquired into or tried by a court having jurisdiction in any of the said districts, in the same manner as if it had been wholly committed therein.

Trial where place of offence is uncertain

Offence near boundary of district

Offence on or near (2) When an offence is committed on any person or in respect of any property on any railroad, or within a distance of ten miles from any line railway of railway on either side thereof, such offence may be inquired into or tried by a court having jurisdiction in any district in or through any part whereof, or within such distance from the boundaries whereof, such line of railway passes, in the same manner as if such offence had been wholly committed within such district.

Offence committed 74. An offence committed whilst the offender is in the course of performing a journey or voyage may be inquired into or tried by a court on a journey through or into the local limits of whose jurisdiction the offender, or the

person against whom, or the thing in respect of which, the offence was committed passed in the course of that journey or voyage. 75. Whenever any doubt arises as to the court by which any offence should be inquired into or tried, the High Court may decide by which court the offence shall be inquired into or tried.
High Court to decide in cases of doubt

76. The place in which any court is held, for the purpose of inquiring Court to be open into or trying any offence shall, unless the contrary is expressly provided by any Act for the time being in force, be deemed an open court to which the public generally may have access, so far as the same can conveniently contain them: Provided that the presiding Judge or magistrate may, if he considers it necessary or expedient(a) in interlocutory proceedings; or (b) in circumstances where publicity would be prejudicial to the interest of(i) justice, defence, public safety, public order or public morality; or

(ii) the welfare of persons under the age of eighteen years or the protection of the private lives of persons concerned in the proceedings; order, at any stage of the inquiry into or trial of any particular case, that persons generally or any particular person other than the parties thereto or their legal representatives shall not have access to or be or remain in the room or building used by the court. (As amended by No. 20 of 1953 and No. 54 of 1968) Transfer of Cases 77. (1) If, upon the hearing of any complaint, it appears that the cause of complaint arose out of the limits of the jurisdiction of the court before which such complaint has been brought, the court may, on being satisfied that it has no jurisdiction, direct the case to be transferred to the court having jurisdiction where the cause of complaint arose. (2) If the accused person is in custody, and the court directing such
Transfer of case where offence committed outside jurisdiction

transfer thinks it expedient that such custody should be continued, or, if he is not in custody, that he should be placed in such custody, the court shall direct the offender to be taken by a police officer before the court having jurisdiction where the cause of complaint arose, and shall give a warrant for that purpose to such officer, and shall deliver to him the complaint and recognizances, if any, taken by the court directing such transfer, to be delivered to the court before whom the accused person is to be taken; and such complaint and recognizances, if any, shall be treated, for all purposes as if they had been taken by such last-mentioned court. (3) If the accused person is not continued or placed in custody as aforesaid, the court shall inform him that it has directed the transfer of the case as aforesaid, and, thereupon, the provisions of subsection (2) respecting the transmission and validity of the documents in the case shall apply. 78. Any magistrate holding a subordinate court of the first classTransfer of cases between magistrates

(a) may transfer any case of which he has taken cognizance for inquiry or trial to any subordinate court empowered to inquire into or try such case within the local limits of such first class subordinate court's jurisdiction; and (b) may direct or empower any subordinate court of the second or third class within the local limits of his jurisdiction which has taken cognizance of any case, whether evidence has been taken in such case or not, to transfer it for inquiry or trial to himself or to any other specified court within the local limits of his jurisdiction, which is competent to try the accused or commit him for trial, and such court may dispose of the case accordingly. (As amended by No. 16 of 1959) 79. (1) If, in the course of any inquiry or trial before a magistrate, the evidence appears to warrant a presumption that the case is one which should be tried or committed for trial by some other magistrate, he shall stay proceedings and submit the case, with a brief report thereon, to a magistrate holding a subordinate court of the first class and empowered to direct the transfer of the case under the last preceding section.

Procedure when, after commencement of inquiry or trial, magistrate finds case should be transferred to another magistrate

(2) The provisions of this section and of section seventy-eight shall be without prejudice to the powers conferred upon a Judge of the High

Cap. 27

Court under section twenty-three of the High Court Act. (As amended by No. 16 of 1959) 80. (1) Whenever it is made to appear to the High CourtPower of High Court to change venue

(a) that a fair and impartial inquiry or trial cannot be had in any court subordinate thereto; or (b) or that some question of law of unusual difficulty is likely to arise;

(c) that a view of the place in or near which any offence has been committed may be required for the satisfactory inquiry into or trial of the same; or (d) that an order under this section will tend to the general convenience of the parties or witnesses; or (e) that such an order is expedient for the ends of justice or is required by any provision of this Code; it may order(i) that any offence be inquired into or tried by any court not empowered under the preceding sections of this Part but, in other respects, competent to inquire into or try such offence; (ii) that any particular criminal case or class of cases be transferred from a court subordinate to its authority to any other such court of equal or superior jurisdiction; (iii) that an accused person be committed for trial before itself.

(2) The High Court may act either on the report of the lower court, or on the application of a party interested, or on its own initiative. (3) Every application for the exercise of the power conferred by this section shall be made by motion, which shall, except when the applicant is the Director of Public Prosecutions, be supported by affidavit.

(4) Every accused person making any such application shall give to the Director of Public Prosecutions notice in writing of the application, together with a copy of the grounds on which it is made; and no order shall be made on the merits of the application, unless at least twenty-four hours have elapsed between the giving of such notice and the hearing of the application. (5) When an accused person makes any such application, the High Court may direct him to execute a bond, with or without sureties, conditioned that he will, if convicted, pay the costs of the prosecutor. (As amended by S.I. No. 152 of 1965) Criminal Proceedings 81. (1) In any criminal case and at any stage thereof before verdict or judgment, as the case may be, the Director of Public Prosecutions may enter a nolle prosequi, either by stating in court, or by informing the court in writing, that the People intend that the proceedings shall not continue, and, thereupon, the accused shall stand discharged in respect of the charge for which the nolle prosequi is entered, and, if he has been committed to prison, shall be released, or, if he is on bail, his recognizances shall be treated as being discharged; but such discharge of an accused person shall not operate as a bar to any subsequent proceedings against him on account of the same facts. (2) If the accused shall not be before the court when such nolle prosequi is entered, the Registrar or clerk of such court shall forthwith cause notice in writing of the entry of such nolle prosequi to be given to the keeper of the prison in which such accused may be detained, and also, if the accused person has been committed for trial, to the subordinate court by which he was so committed, and such subordinate court shall forthwith cause a similar notice in writing to be given to any witnesses bound over to prosecute and give evidence and to their sureties (if any), and also to the accused and his sureties, in case he shall have been admitted to bail. (As amended by No. 28 of 1940, No. 5 of 1962, S.I. No. 63 of 1964 and S.I. No. 152 of 1965) 82. The Director of Public Prosecutions may order in writing that all or Delegation of
Power of Director of Public Prosecutions to enter nolle prosequi

any of the powers vested in him by the last preceding section, by section powers by Director of Public eighty-eight and by Parts VII and VIII, may be exercised also by the Prosecutions Solicitor-General, the Parliamentary Draftsmen and State Advocates and the exercise of these powers by the Solicitor-General, the Parliamentary Draftsmen and State Advocates shall then operate as if they had been exercised by the Director of Public Prosecutions: Provided that the Director of Public Prosecutions may in writing revoke any order made by him under this section. (No. 47 of 1955 as amended by No. 50 of 1957, No. 23 of 1960, No. 27 of 1964 and S.I. No. 63 of 1964) 83. (1) Notwithstanding anything in this Code contained, the Director of Public Prosecutions may exhibit on behalf of the People in the High Court against persons subject to the jurisdiction of the High Court, informations for all purposes for which Her Britannic Majesty's Attorney-General for England may exhibit informations on behalf of the Crown in the High Court of Justice in England. (2) Such proceedings may be taken upon every such information as may lawfully be taken in the case of similar informations filed by Her Britannic Majesty's Attorney-General for England, so far as the circumstances of the case and the practice and procedure of the High Court will admit. (3) The Chief Justice may, by statutory instrument, make rules for carrying into effect the provisions of this section. (As amended by No. 2 of 1960 and S.I. No. 63 of 1964) 84. Where, by any written law, the sanction, fiat or written consent of the Director of Public Prosecutions is necessary for the commencement or continuance of the prosecution of any offence, a document purporting to give such sanction, fiat or consent placed before the court by the prosecutor and purporting to be signed by the person for the time being exercising the powers and performing the duties of the Director of Public Prosecutions shall be prima facie evidence that such sanction, fiat or consent has been given. (No. 50 of 1957 as amended by S.I. No. 63 of 1964)
Signature of Director of Public Prosecutions to be evidence Criminal informations by Director of Public Prosecutions

85. (1) Where any written law provides that no prosecution shall be instituted against any person for an offence without the sanction, fiat or written consent of the Director of Public Prosecutions, such person may be arrested or a warrant for such arrest may be issued and executed and such person may be remanded in custody or on bail, notwithstanding that such sanction, fiat or written consent has not been first obtained, but no further proceedings shall be taken until such sanction, fiat or written consent has been obtained and produced to the court. (2) The provisions of subsection (1) shall be subject to the other provisions of this Code relating to arrest, remand and the granting of bail. (No. 5 of 1962 as amended by S.I. No. 152 of 1965) Appointment of Public Prosecutors and Conduct of Prosecutions 86. (1) The Director of Public Prosecutions may appoint generally, or in any case, or for any specified class of cases, in any district, one or more officers to be called public prosecutors. (2) The Director of Public Prosecutions may appoint any person employed in the public service to be a public prosecutor for the purposes of any proceedings instituted on behalf of the People. (3) Every public prosecutor shall be subject to the express directions of the Director of Public Prosecutions. (As amended by No. 28 of 1940, No. 16 of 1959, No. 23 of 1960, S.I. No. 63 of 1964 and S.I. No. 152 of 1965)

Arrest of persons for offences requiring the consent of the Director of Public Prosecutions for commencement of prosecution

Power to appoint public prosecutors

Powers of public 87. A public prosecutor may appear and plead without any written authority before any court in which any case of which he has charge is prosecutors under inquiry, trial or appeal; and, if any private person instructs an advocate to prosecute in any such case, the public prosecutor may conduct the prosecution, and the advocate so instructed shall act therein under his directions.

88. In any trial before a subordinate court, any public prosecutor may, Withdrawal from prosecution in with the consent of the court or on the instructions of the Director of

Public Prosecutions, at any time before judgment is pronounced, withdraw from the prosecution of any person; and upon such withdrawal(a) if it is made before the accused person is called upon to make his defence, he shall be discharged, but such discharge of an accused person shall not operate as a bar to subsequent proceedings against him on account of the same facts; (b) if it is made after the accused person is called upon to make his defence, he shall be acquitted. (As amended by S.I. No. 63 of 1964)

trials before subordinate courts

89. (1) Any magistrate inquiring into or trying any case may permit the Permission to prosecution to be conducted by any person, but no person, other than a conduct prosecution public prosecutor or other officer generally or specially authorised by the Director of Public Prosecutions in this behalf, shall be entitled to do so without permission. (2) Any such person or officer shall have the like power of withdrawing from the prosecution as is provided by the last preceding section, and the provisions of that section shall apply to any withdrawal by such person or officer. (3) Any person conducting the prosecution may do so personally or by an advocate. (As amended by G.N. No. 303 of 1964 and S.I. No. 63 of 1964) Institution of Proceedings Making of Complaint 90. (1) Proceedings may be instituted either by the making of a complaint or by the bringing before a magistrate of a person who has been arrested without warrant. (2) Any person who believes from a reasonable and probable cause that an offence has been committed by any person may make a complaint thereof to a magistrate having jurisdiction. (3) A complaint may be made orally or in writing, but if made orally shall be reduced to writing and in either case shall be signed by the
Institution of proceedings

complainant. (4) The magistrate, upon receiving any such complaint, shall(a) himself draw up and sign; or

(b) direct that a public prosecutor or legal practitioner representing the complainant shall draw up and sign; or (c) permit the complainant to draw up and sign;

a formal charge containing a statement of the offence with which the accused is charged, and until such charge has been drawn up and signed no summons or warrant shall issue and no further step shall be taken in the proceedings. (5) When an accused person who has been arrested without a warrant is brought before a magistrate, a formal charge containing a statement of the offence with which the accused is charged shall be signed and presented to the magistrate by the police officer preferring the charge. (6) When the magistrate is of opinion that any complaint or formal charge made or presented under this section does not disclose any offence, the magistrate shall make an order refusing to admit such complaint or formal charge and shall record his reasons for such order. (7) Any person aggrieved by an order made by a magistrate under subsection (6) may appeal to the High Court within fourteen days of the date of such order and the High Court may, if satisfied that the formal charge or complaint, in respect of which the order was made, disclose an offence, direct the magistrate to admit the formal charge or complaint, or may dismiss the appeal. (No. 28 of 1940 as amended by No. 5 of 1962)
Issue of summons 91. (1) Where a charge has been drawn up and signed in accordance with subsection (4) of the last preceding section, the magistrate may, in or warrant his discretion, issue either a summons or a warrant to compel the attendance of the accused person before a court having jurisdiction to inquire into or try the offence alleged to have been committed:

Provided that a warrant shall not be issued in the first instance unless the complaint has been made upon oath before the magistrate, either by the complainant or by a witness or witnesses. (2) Any summons or warrant may be issued on a Sunday. (No. 28 of 1940 as amended No. 5 of 1962) Processes to Compel the Appearance of Accused Persons Summons
Form and contents 92. (1) Every summons issued by a court under this Code shall be in writing, in duplicate, and signed by the presiding officer of such court or of summons by such other officer as the Chief Justice may, from time to time, by rule, direct.

(2) Every summons shall be directed to the person summoned, and shall require him to appear, at a time and place to be therein appointed, before a court having jurisdiction to inquire into and deal with the complaint or charge. It shall state shortly the offence with which the person against whom it is issued is charged. (As amended by No. 2 of 1960) 93. (1) Every summons shall be served by a police officer, or by an officer of the court issuing it, or other public servant, and shall, if practicable, be served personally on the person summoned, by delivering or tendering to him one of the duplicates of the summons. (2) Every person on whom a summons is so served shall, if so required by the serving officer, sign a receipt therefor on the back of the other duplicate. 94. Where the person summoned cannot, by the exercise of due diligence, be found, the summons may be served by leaving one of the duplicates for him with some adult male member of his family, or with his servant residing with him; and the person with whom the summons is so left shall, if so required by the serving officer, sign a receipt therefor on the back of the other duplicate.
Service when person summoned cannot be found Services of summons

95. If service, in the manner provided by the two last preceding sections, cannot, by the exercise of due diligence, be effected, the serving officer shall affix one of the duplicates of the summons to some conspicuous part of the house or homestead in which the person summoned ordinarily resides, and, thereupon, the summons shall be deemed to have been duly served.

Procedure when service cannot be effected as before provided

96. Service of a summons on an incorporated company or other body Service on corporate may be effected by serving it on the secretary, local manager company or other principal officer of the corporation, at the registered office of such company or body corporate, or by registered letter addressed to the chief officer of the corporation in Zambia. In the latter case, service shall be deemed to have been effected when the letter would arrive in ordinary course of post. 97. When a court desires that a summons issued by it shall be served at Service outside local limits of any place outside the local limits of its jurisdiction, it shall send such jurisdiction summons in duplicate to a magistrate within the local limits of whose jurisdiction the person summoned resides or is, to be there served. 98. (1) Where the officer who has served a summons is not present at Proof of service when serving the hearing of the case, and in any case where a summons issued by a officer not present court has been served outside the local limits of its jurisdiction, an affidavit, purporting to be made before a magistrate, that such summons has been served, and a duplicate of the summons, purporting to be endorsed, in the manner hereinbefore provided, by the person to whom it was delivered or tendered or with whom it was left, shall be admissible in evidence, and the statements made therein shall be deemed to be correct, unless and until the contrary is proved. (2) The affidavit mentioned in this section may be attached to the duplicate of the summons and returned to the court. 99. (1) Whenever a summons is issued in respect of any offence other than a felony, a magistrate may, if he sees reason to do so, and shall, when the offence with which the accused is charged is punishable only by fine or only by fine and/or imprisonment not exceeding three months, dispense with the personal attendance of the accused, if he pleads guilty in writing or appears by an advocate.
Power to dispense with personal attendance of accused

(2) The magistrate inquiring into or trying any case may, in his discretion, at any subsequent stage of the proceedings, direct the personal attendance of the accused, and, if necessary, enforce such attendance in manner hereinafter provided. (3) If a magistrate imposes a fine on an accused person whose personal attendance has been dispensed with under this section, and such fine is not paid within the time prescribed for such payment, the magistrate may forthwith issue a summons calling upon such accused person to show cause why he should not be committed to prison, for such term as the magistrate may then prescribe. If such accused person does not attend upon the return of such summons, the magistrate may forthwith issue a warrant, and commit such person to prison for such term as the magistrate may then fix. (4) If, in any case in which, under this section, the attendance of an accused person is dispensed with, previous convictions are alleged against such person and are not admitted in writing or through such person's advocate, the magistrate may adjourn the proceedings and direct the personal attendance of the accused, and, if necessary, enforce such attendance in manner hereinafter provided. (5) Whenever the attendance of an accused person has been so dispensed with, and his attendance is subsequently required, the cost of any adjournment for such purpose shall be borne, in any event, by the accused. Warrant of Arrest
Warrant after issue 100. Nothwithstanding the issue of a summons, a warrant may be issued at any time before or after the time appointed in the summons for of summons the appearance of the accused. But no such warrant shall be issued unless a complaint or charge has been made upon oath.

101. If the accused does not appear at the time and place appointed in Summons disobeyed and by the summons, and his personal attendance has not been dispensed with under section ninety-nine, the court may issue a warrant to apprehend him and cause him to be brought before such court. But no such warrant shall be issued unless a complaint or charge has been made upon oath.

102. (1) Every warrant of arrest shall be under the hand of the Judge or Form, contents and duration of warrant magistrate issuing the same.
of arrest

(2) Every warrant shall state shortly the offence with which the person against whom it is issued is charged, and shall name or otherwise describe such person, and it shall order the person or persons to whom it is directed to apprehend the person against whom it is issued, and bring him before the court issuing the warrant or before some other court having jurisdiction in the case, to answer to the charge therein mentioned and to be further dealth with according to law. (3) Every such warrant shall remain in force until it is executed, or until it is cancelled by the court which issued it.
Court may direct 103. (1) Any court issuing a warrant for the arrest of any person, in security to be taken respect of any offence other than murder or treason, may, in its discretion, direct by endorsement on the warrant that, if such person executes a bond with sufficient sureties for his attendance before the court at a specified time and thereafter until otherwise directed by the court, the officer to whom the warrant is directed shall take such security and shall release such person from custody.

(2) The endorsement shall state(a) the number of sureties;

(b) the amount in which they and the person for whose arrest the warrant is issued are to be respectively bound; and (c) the time at which he is to attend before the court.

(3) Whenever security is taken under this section, the officer to whom the warrant is directed shall forward the bond to the court. 104. (1) A warrant of arrest may be directed to one or more police officers, or to one police officer and to all other police officers of the area within which the court has jurisdiction, or generally to all police
Warrants to whom directed

officers of such area. But any court issuing such a warrant may, if its immediate execution is necessary, and no police officer is immediately available, direct it to any other person or persons, and such person or persons shall execute the same. (2) When a warrant is directed to more officers or persons than one, it may be executed by all or by any one or more of them. 105. (1) A magistrate empowered to hold a subordinate court of the first or second class may order any land-holder, farmer or manager of land, within the local limits of his jurisdiction, to assist in the arrest of any escaped convict, or person who has been accused of a cognizable offence and has eluded pursuit. (2) Such land-holder, farmer or manager shall, thereupon, comply with such order, if the person for whose arrest it was issued is in or enters on his land or farm or the land under his charge. (3) When such person is arrested, he shall be made over with the order to the nearest police officer, who shall cause him to be taken before a magistrate having jurisdiction, unless security is taken under section one hundred and three. (4) No land-holder, farmer or manager of land to whom such order is directed shall be liable at the suit of the person so arrested for anything done by him under the provisions of this section. (5) If any land-holder, farmer or manager of land to whom such order is directed fails to comply therewith, he shall be liable, on conviction, to a fine not exceeding seven hundred and fifty penalty units or, in default of payment, to imprisonment with or without hard labour for a period not exceeding six months. (As amended by Act No. 13 of 1994) 106. A warrant directed to any police officer may also be executed by Execution of any other police officer whose name is endorsed upon the warrant by the warrant directed to police officer officer to whom it is directed or endorsed.
Order for assistance directed to land-holder

107. The police officer or other person executing a warrant of arrest shall notify the substance thereof to the person to be arrested, and, if so required, shall show him the warrant. 108. The police officer or other person executing a warrant of arrest shall (subject to the provisions of section one hundred and three as to security), without unnecessary delay, bring the person arrested before the court before which he is required by law to produce such person. 109. A warrant of arrest may be executed at any place in Zambia.

Notification of substance of warrant

Person arrested to be brought before court without delay

Where warrant of arrest may be executed

110. (1) When a warrant of arrest is to be executed outside the local limits of the jurisdiction of the court issuing the same, such court may, instead of directing such warrant to a police officer, forward the same, by post or otherwise, to any magistrate within the local limits of whose jurisdiction it is to be executed. (2) The magistrate to whom such warrant is so forwarded shall endorse his name thereon, and, if practicable, cause it to be executed in the manner hereinbefore provided within the local limits of his jurisdiction. 111. (1) When a warrant of arrest directed to a police officer is to be executed outside the local limits of the jurisdiction of the court issuing the same, he shall take it for endorsement to a magistrate within the local limits of whose jurisdiction it is to be executed.

Forwarding of warrants for execution outside jurisdiction

Procedure in case of warrant directed to police officer for execution outside jurisdiction

(2) Such magistrate shall endorse his name thereon, and such endorsement shall be sufficient authority to the police officer to whom the warrant is directed to execute the same within such limits, and the local police officer shall, if so required, assist such officer in executing such warrant. (3) Whenever there is reason to believe that the delay occasioned by obtaining the endorsement of the magistrate within the local limits of whose jurisdiction the warrant is to be executed will prevent such execution, the police officer to whom it is directed may execute the same without such endorsement, in any place outside the local limits of

the jurisdiction of the court which issued it. 112. (1) When a warrant of arrest is executed outside the local limits of Procedure on arrest the jurisdiction of the court by which it was issued, the person arrested of person outside jurisdiction shall, unless the court which issued the warrant is within twenty miles of the place of arrest, or is nearer than the magistrate within the local limits of whose jurisdiction the arrest was made, or unless security is taken under section one hundred and three, be taken before the magistrate within the local limits of whose jurisdiction the arrest was made. (2) Such magistrate shall, if the person arrested appears to be the person intended by the court which issued the warrant, direct his removal in custody to such court: Provided that, if such person has been arrested for an offence other than murder or treason, and he is ready and willing to give bail to the satisfaction of such magistrate, or if a direction has been endorsed under section one hundred and three on the warrant, and such person is ready and willing to give the security required by such direction, the magistrate may take such bail or shall take such security, as the case may be, and shall forward the bond to the court which issued the warrant. (3) Nothing in this section shall be deemed to prevent a police officer from taking security under section one hundred and three. 113. Any irregularity or defect in the substance or form of a warrant, Irregularities in and any variance between it and the written complaint or information, or warrant between either and the evidence produced on the part of the prosecution at any inquiry or trial, shall not affect the validity of any proceedings at or subsequent to the hearing of the case, but, if any such variance appears to the court to be such that the accused has been thereby deceived or misled, such court may, at the request of the accused, adjourn the hearing of the case to some future date, and, in the meantime, remand the accused or admit him to bail. Miscellaneous Provisions Regarding Processes 114. Where any person for whose appearance or arrest the magistrate presiding in any court is empowered to issue a summons or warrant is
Power to take bond for appearance

present in such court, such magistrate may require such person to execute a bond, with or without sureties, for his appearance in such court.
Arrest for breach of 115. When any person who is bound by any bond taken under this bond for Code to appear before a court does not so appear, the magistrate appearance presiding in such court may issue a warrant directing that such person be arrested and produced before him.

116. (1) Where any person for whose appearance or arrest a court is empowered to issue a summons or warrant is confined in any prison within Zambia, the court may issue an order to the officer in charge of such prison requiring him to bring such prisoner in proper custody, at a time to be named in the order, before such court. (2) The officer so in charge, on receipt of such order, shall act in accordance therewith, and shall provide for the safe custody of the prisoner during his absence from the prison for the purpose aforesaid. (3) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Code or in any written law, it is declared for the avoidance of doubt that upon a person being convicted or sentenced by a subordinate court and before the entering of an appeal by such person against the conviction or sentence or both, the subordinate court which convicted or sentenced such person or the High Court has and shall have no power to release that person on bail with or without securities. (As amended by Act No. 6 of 1972) 117. The provisions contained in this Part relating to a summons and warrant, and their issue, service and execution, shall so far as may be apply to every summons and every warrant of arrest issued under this Code. Search Warrants

Power of court to order prisoner to be brought before it

Provisions of this Part generally applicable to summonses and warrants

Power to issue 118. Where it is proved on oath to a magistrate that, in fact or search warrant according to reasonable suspicion, anything upon, by or in respect of which an offence has been committed or anything which is necessary to the conduct of an investigation into any offence is in any building, vessel, carriage, box, receptacle or place, the magistrate may, by warrant

(called a search warrant), authorise a police officer or other person therein named to search the building, vessel, carriage, box, receptable or place (which shall be named or described in the warrant) for any such thing, and, if anything searched for be found, to seize it and carry it before the court of the magistrate issuing the warrant or some other court, to be dealt with according to law. (As amended by No. 28 of 1940) 119. Every search warrant may be issued and executed on a Sunday, Execution of search warrant and shall be executed between the hours of sunrise and sunset, but a magistrate may, by the warrant, in his discretion, authorise the police officer or other person to whom it is addressed to execute it at any hour. 120. (1) Whenever any building or other place liable to search is closed, any person residing in or being in charge of such building or place shall, on demand of the police officer or other person executing the search warrant, and on production of the warrant, allow him free ingress thereto and egress therefrom, and afford all reasonable facilities for a search therein. (2) If ingress to or egress from such building or other place cannot be so obtained, the police officer or other person executing the search warrant may proceed in the manner prescribed by section nineteen or twenty. (3) Where any person in or about such building or place is reasonably suspected of concealing about his person any article for which search should be made, such person may be searched. If such person is a woman, the provisions of section twenty-four shall be observed. 121. (1) When any article is seized and brought before a court, it may be detained until the conclusion of the case or the investigation, reasonable care being taken for its preservation. (2) If any appeal is made, or if any person is committed for trial, the court may order the article to be further detained for the purpose of the appeal or the trial. (3) If no appeal is made, or if no person is committed for trail, the court shall direct such thing to be restored to the person from whom it was
Detention of property seized Persons in charge of closed place to allow ingress thereto and egress therefrom

taken, unless the court sees fit or is authorised or required by law to dispose of it otherwise. 122. The provisions of section one hundred and two (1) and (3), one hundred and four, one hundred and six, one hundred and nine, one hundred and ten and one hundred and eleven shall, so far as may be, apply to all search warrants issued under section one hundred and eighteen. Provisions as to Bail 123. (1) When any person is arrested or detained, or appears before or Bail is brought before a subordinate court, the High Court or Supreme Court he may, at any time while he is in custody, or at any stage of the proceedings before such court, be admitted to bail upon providing a surety or sureties sufficient, in the opinion of the police officer concerned or court, to secure his appearance, or be released upon his own recognizance if such officer or court thinks fit: Provided that any person charged with(i) murder, treason or any other offence carrying a possible or mandatory capital penalty; (ii) (iii) (iv) misprision of treason or treason-felony; or aggravated robbery; theft of motor vehicle, if such person has previously been convicted of theft of motor vehicle.
Provisions applicable to search warrants

shall not be granted bail by either a subordinate court, the High Court or Supreme Court or be released by any Police Officer. (As amended by Act No. 35 of 1993, Act No. 9 of 2005) (2) Subject to the provisions of section one hundred and twenty-six, before any person is admitted to bail or released on his own recognizance, a bond (hereinafter referred to as a bail bond), for such sum as the court or officer, as the case may be, thinks sufficient, shall be executed by such person and by the surety or sureties, or by such person alone, as the case may be, conditioned that such person shall attend at the time and place mentioned in such bond and at every time and place to which during the course of the proceedings the hearing may from

time to time be adjourned. (3) The High Court may, at any time, on the application of an accused person, order him, whether or not he has been committed for trial, to be admitted to bail or released on his own recognizance, and the bail bond in any such case may, if the order so directs, be executed before any magistrate. (4) Notwithstanding anything in this section contained, no person charged with an offence under the State Security Act shall be admitted to bail, either pending trial or pending appeal, if the Director of Public Prosecutions certifies that it is likely that the safety or interests of the Republic would thereby be prejudiced. (5) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Code or in any written law, it is declared for the avoidance of doubt that upon a person being convicted or sentenced by a subordinate court and before the entering of an appeal by such person against the conviction or sentence or both, the subordinate court which convicted or sentenced such person or the High Court has and shall have no power to release that person on bail with or without securities. (No. 50 of 1957 as amended by No. 36 of 1969, No. 59 of 1970, No. 6 of 1972 and Act No. 35 of 1993) 124. In addition to the condition mentioned in subsection (2) of section Additional one hundred and twenty-three, the court or officer before whom a bail conditions of bail bond bond is executed may impose such further conditions upon such bond as may seem reasonable and necessary in any particular case. (No. 50 of 1957) 125. (1) As soon as a bail bond has been executed, the person for whose Release from custody appearance it has been executed shall be released, and, when he is in prison, the court admitting him to bail shall issue an order of release to the officer in charge of the prison, and such officer, on receipt of the order, shall release him. (2) Nothing in this section or in section one hundred and twenty-three shall be deemed to require the release of any person liable to be detained for some matter other than that in respect of which a bail bond was executed.
Cap. 111

(As amended by No. 50 of 1957) 126. (1) The amount of bail shall, in every case, be fixed with due regard to the circumstances of the case, but shall not be excessive. (2) The court or police officer admitting a person to bail or releasing him on his own recognizance may, in lieu of a bail bond, accept a deposit of money, or a deposit of property, from any person who would otherwise have had to execute a bail bond under the provisions of section one hundred and twenty-three, and may attach to such deposit such conditions as might have been attached to a bail bond, and on any breach of any such condition such deposit shall be forfeited. (3) The High Court may, in any case, direct that the bail or deposit required by a subordinate court or by a police officer be reduced, or may vary or add to any conditions imposed under the provisions of section one hundred and twenty-four. (No. 50 of 1957 as amended by No. 27 of 1964) 127. If, through mistake, fraud or otherwise, insufficient sureties have been accepted, or if they afterwards become insufficient, the court may issue a warrant of arrest directing that the person released on bail be brought before it, and may order him to find sufficient sureties, and, on his failing so to do, may commit him to prison.
Power to order sufficient bail when that first taken is insufficient Amount of bail, and deposits

128. (1) All or any of the sureties for the appearance and attendance of Discharge of sureties a person released on bail may, at any time, apply to a magistrate to discharge the bail bond either wholly or so far as it relates to the applicant or applicants. (2) On such application being made, the magistrate shall issue his warrant of arrest directing that the person so released be brought before him. (3) On the appearance of such person pursuant to the warrant, or on his voluntary surrender, the magistrate shall direct the bail bond to be discharged either wholly or so far as it relates to the applicant or applicants, and shall call upon such person to find other sufficient sureties, and, if he fails to do so, may commit him to prison.

(As amended by No. 50 of 1957) 129. Where a surety to a bail bond dies before the bond is forfeited, his Death of surety estate shall be discharged from all liability in respect of the bond, but the party who gave the bond may be required to find a new surety. (As amended by No. 50 of 1957) 130. If it is made to appear to any court, by information on oath, that any person bound by recognizance is about to leave Zambia, the court may cause him to be arrested, and may commit him to prison until the trial, unless the court shall see fit to admit him to bail upon further recognizance. 131. (1) Whenever any person shall not appear at the time and place mentioned in any recognizance entered into by him, the court may, by order, endorse such recognizance and declare the same to be forfeited. (2) On the forfeiture of any recognizance, the court may issue its warrant of distress for the amount mentioned in such recognizance, or for the imprisonment of such person and his surety or sureties, for any term not exceeding six months, unless the amount mentioned in such recognizance be sooner paid or levied. (3) A warrant of distress under this section may be executed within the local limits of the jurisdiction of the court which issued it, and it shall authorise the distress and sale of any property belonging to such person and his surety or sureties, without such limits, when endorsed by a magistrate holding a subordinate court of the first or second class within the local limits of whose jurisdiction such property is found.
Appeal from and 132. All orders passed under the last preceding section by any magistrate shall be appealable to and may be revised by the High Court. revision of orders Persons bound by recognizance absconding may be committed

Forfeiture of recognizance

133. The High Court may direct any magistrate to levy the amount due Power to direct levy of amount due on a recognizance to appear and attend at the High Court.
on recognizance

Charges and Informations

134. Every charge or information shall contain, and shall be sufficient if it contains, a statement of the specific offence or offences with which the accused person is charged, together with such particulars as may be necessary for giving reasonable information as to the nature of the offence charged. (No. 28 of 1940) 135. (1) Any offences, whether felonies or misdemeanours, may be charged together in the same cahrge of or information if the offences charged are founded on the same facts or form, or are a part of, a series of offences of the same or a similar character. (2) Where more than one offence is charged in a charge or information, a description of each offence so charged shall be set out in a separate paragraph of the charge or information called a count. (3) Where, before trial, or at any stage of a trial, the court is of opinion that a person accused may be embarrassed in his defence by reason of being charged with more than one offence in the same charge or information, or that for any other reason it is desirable to direct that any person should be tried separately for any one or more offences charged in a charge or information, the court may order a separate trial of any count or counts of such charge or information. (No. 28 of 1940) 136. The following persons may be joined in one charge or information and may be tried together, namely: (a) persons accused of the same offence committed in the course of the same transaction; (b) persons accused of an offence and persons accused of abetment, or of an attempt to commit such offence; (c) persons accused of different offences committed in the course of the same transaction; (d) persons accused of any offence under Chapters XXVI to XXX of the Penal Code and persons accused of receiving or retaining property, possession of which is alleged to have been transferred by any such offence committed by the first-named persons, or of abetment of or attempting to commit either of such last-named offences;

Offence to be specified in charge or information with necessary particulars

Joinder of counts in a charge or information

Joinder of two or more accused in one charge or information Cap. 87 Cap. 87

(e) persons accused of any offence relating to counterfeit coin under Chapter XXXVII of the Penal Code, and persons accused of any other offence under the said Chapter relating to the same coin, or of abetment of or attempting to commit any such offence. (No. 28 of 1940) 137. The following provisions shall apply to all charges and informations and, notwithstanding any rule of law or practice, a charge or an information shall, subject to the provisions of this Code, not be open to objection in respect of its form or contents if it is framed in accordance with the provisions of this Code: (a) (i) A count of a charge or an information shall commence with a statement of the offence charged, called the statement of offence; (ii) the statment of offence shall describe the offence shortly in ordinary language avoiding as far as possible the use of technical terms, and without necessarily stating all the essential elements of the offence and, if the offence charged is one created by enactment, shall contain a reference to the section of the enactment creating the offence; (iii) after the statment of the offence, particulars of such offence shall be set out in ordinary language, in which the use of technical terms shall not be necessary: Provided that, where any rule of law or any Act limits the particulars of an offence which are required to be given in a charge or an information, nothing in this paragraph shall require any more particulars to be given than those so required; (iv) the forms set out in the Second Schedule or forms conforming thereto as nearly as may be shall be used in cases to which they are applicable; and in other cases forms to the like effect or conforming thereto as nearly as may be shall be used, the statement of offence and the particulars of offence being varied according to the circumstances in each case; (v) where a charge or an information contains more than one count, the counts shall be numbered consecutively. (b) (i) Where an enactment constituting an offence states the offence to be the doing or the omission to do any one of any different acts in the alternative, or the doing or the omission to do any act in any
Mode in which offences are to be charged

one of any different capacities, or with any one of different intentions, or states any part of the offence in the alternative, the acts, omissions, capacities or intentions, or other matters stated in the alternative in the enactment, may be stated in the alternative in the cournt charging the offence; (ii) it shall not be necessary, in any count charging an offence constituted by an enactment, to negative any exception or exemption from, or qualification to, the operation of the enactment creating the offence. (c) (i) The description of property in a charge or an information shall be in ordinary language, and such as to indicate with reasonable clearness the property referred to, and, if the property is so described, it shall not be necessary (except when required for the purpose of describing an offence depending on any special ownership of property or special value of property) to name the person to whom the property belongs or the value of the property; (ii) where property is vested in more than one person, and the owners of the property are referred to in a charge or an information, it shall be sufficient to describe the property as owned by one of those persons by name with the others, and if the persons owning the property are a body of persons with a collective name, such as a joint stock company or "Inhabitants", "Trustees", "Commmissioners" or "Club" or other such name, it shall be sufficient to use the collective name without naming any individual; (iii) property belonging to, or provided for, the use of any public establishment, service or department may be described as the property of the Republic; (iv) coin and bank notes may be described as money; and any allegation as to money, so far as regards the description of the property, shall be sustained by proof of any amount of coin or any bank or currency note (although the particular species of coin of which such amount was composed, or the particular nature of the bank or currency note, shall not be proved); and in cases of stealing and defrauding by false pretences, by proof that the accused person dishonestly appropriated or obtained any coin or any bank or currency note, or any portion of the value thereof, although such coin or bank or currency note may have been delivered to him in order that some part of the value thereof should be returned to the party delivering the same or to any other person and such part shall have been returned accordingly. (d) The description or designation in a charge or an information of

the accused person, or of any other person to whom reference is made therein, shall be such as is reasonably sufficient to identify him, without necessarily stating his correct name, or his abode, style, degree or occupation, and if, owing to the name of the person not being known or for any other reason, it is impracticable to give such a description or designation, such description or designation shall be given as is reasonably practicable in the circumstances, or such person may be described as "a person unknown" (e) Where it is necessary to refer to any document or instrument in a charge or an information, it shall be sufficient to describe it by any name or designation by which it is usually known, or by the purport thereof, without setting out any copy thereof. (f) Subject to any other provisions of this section, it shall be sufficient to describe any place, time, thing, matter, act or omission whatsoever to which it is necessary to refer in any charge or information in ordinary language in such a manner as to indicate with reasonable clearness the place, time, thing, matter, act or omission referred to. (g) It shall not be necessary in stating any intent to defraud, deceive or injure to state an intent to defraud, deceive or injure any particular person, where the enactment creating the offence does not make an intent to defraud, deceive or injure a particular person an essential ingredient of the offence. (h) Where a previous conviction of an offence is charged in a charge or an information, it shall be charged at the end of the charge or information by means of a statement that the accused person has been previously convicted of that offence at a certain time and place without stating the particulars of the offence. (i) Figures and abbreviations may be used for expressing anything which is commonly expressed thereby. (No. 28 of 1940 as amended by No. 11 of 1963 and S.I. No. 63 of 1964) Previous Conviction or Acquittal 138. A person who has been once tried by a court of competent jurisdiction for an offence, and convicted or acquitted of such offence, shall, while such conviction or acquittal remains in force, not be liable to be tried again on the same facts for the same offence.
Persons convicted or acquitted not to be tried again for same offence

139. A person convicted or acquitted of any offence may be afterwards Person may be tried again for tried for any other offence with which he might have been charged on

the former trial under subsection (1) of section one hundred and thirty-five. (No. 28 of 1940) 140. A person convicted or acquitted of any act causing consequences which, together with such act, constitute a different offence from that for which such person was convicted or acquitted, may be afterwards tried for such different offence, if the consequences had not happened, or were not known to the court to have happened, at the time when he was acquitted or convicted. 141. A person convicted or acquitted of any offence constituted by any acts may, notwithstanding such conviction or acquittal, be subsequently charged with and tried for any other offence constituted by the same acts which he may have committed, if the court by which he was first tried was not competent to try the offence with which he is subsequently charged. 142. (1) In any inquiry, trial or other proceeding under this Code, a previous conviction may be proved, in addition to any other mode provided by any law for the time being in force(a) by an extract certified, under the hand of the officer having the custody of the records of the court in which such conviction was had, to be a copy of the sentence or order; or (b) by a certificate signed by the officer in charge of the prison in which the punishment or any part thereof was suffered, or by production of the warrant of commitment under which the punishment was suffered; together with, in each of such cases, evidence as to the identity of the accused person with the person so convicted. (2) A certificate in the form prescribed given under the hand of an officer authorised by the *President in that behalf, who shall have compared the fingerprints of an accused person with the fingerprints of a person previously convicted, shall be sufficient evidence of all facts therein set forth provided it is produced by the person who took the fingerprints of the accused. *Officer in Charge, Fingerprint Department, authorised by Gazette

separate offence

Consequences supervening or not known at time of former trial

Where original court was not competent to try subsequent charge

Previous conviction, how proved

Notice No. 5 of 1964. (3) A previous conviction in any place outside Zambia may be proved by the production of a certificate purporting to be given under the hand of a police officer in the country where the conviction was had, containing a copy of the sentence or order, and the fingerprints, or photographs of the fingerprints of the person so convicted, together with evidence that the fingerprints of the person so convicted are those of the accused person; such a certificate shall be sufficient evidence of all facts therein set forth without proof that the officer purporting to sign it did in fact sign it and was empowered so to do. (4) Where a person is convicted by a subordinate court, other than a juvenile court, and it is proved to the satisfaction of the court on oath or in the manner prescribed that, not less than seven days previously, a notice was served on the accused in the prescribed form and manner specifying any alleged previous conviction of the accused of an offence proposed to be brought to the notice of the court in the event of his conviction of the offence charged, and the accused is not present in person before the court, the court may take account of any such previous conviction so specified as if the accused had appeared and admitted it. (5) In this section, "prescribed" means prescribed by rules made by the Chief Justice. (As amended by No. 4 of 1944, No. 2 of 1960, No. 5 of 1962 and G.N. No.303 of 1964) Compelling Attendance of Witnesses 143. If it is made to appear that material evidence can be given by, or is Summons for witness in the possession of, any person, it shall be lawful for a court having cognizance of any criminal cause or matter to issue a summons to such person requiring his attendance before such court, or requiring him to bring and produce to such court, for the purpose of evidence, all documents and writings in his possession or power, which may be specified or otherwise sufficiently described in the summons. (As amended by No. 28 of 1940) 144. If, without sufficient excuse, a witness does not appear in obedience to the summons, the court, on proof of the proper service of
Warrant for witness who

the summons a reasonable time before, may issue a warrant to bring him disobeys summons before the court at such time and place as shall be therein specified. 145. If the court is satisfied that any person will not attend as a witness Warrant for unless compelled to do so, it may at once issue a warrant for the arrest witness in first instance and production of such person before the court at a time and place to be therein specified. 146. When any witness is arrested under a warrant, the court may, on his furnishing security by recognizance, to the satisfaction of the court, for his appearance at the hearing of the case, order him to be released from custody, or shall, on his failing to furnish such security, order him to be detained for production at such hearing. 147. (1) Any court, desirous of examining as a witness, in any case pending before it, any person confined in any prison within Zambia, may issue an order to the officer in charge of such prison requiring him to bring such prisoner in proper custody, at a time to be named in the order, before the court for examination. (2) The officer so in charge, on receipt of such order, shall act in accordance therewith, and shall provide for the safe custody of the prisoner during his absence from the prison for the purpose aforesaid. 148. (1) Any person summoned to attend as a witness who, without lawful excuse, fails to attend as required by the summons, or who, having attended, departs without having obtained the permission of the court, or fails to attend after adjournment of the court, after being ordered to attend, shall be liable, by order of the court, to a fine not exceeding six hundred penalty units. (2) Such fine shall be levied by attachment and sale of any movable property belonging to such witness within the local limits of the jurisdiction of such court. (3) In default of recovery of the fine by attachment and sale, the witness may, by order of the court, be imprisoned for a term of fifteen days, unless such fine is paid before the end of the said term.
Penalty for non-attendance of witness Mode of dealing with witness arrested under warrant

Power of court to order prisoner to be brought up for examination

(4) For good cause shown, the High Court may remit or reduce any fine imposed under this section by a subordinate court. (As amended by Act No. 13 of 1994) Examination of Witnesses 149. Where the person charged is called by the defence as a witness to Procedure where the facts of the case or to make a statement without being sworn he shall person charged is called for defence be heard immediately after the close of the evidence for the prosecution. (As amended by Act No. 6 of 1972) 150. (1) Whenever any person, appearing either in obedience to a summons or by virtue of a warrant, or being present in court and being verbally required by the court to give evidence(a) (b) refuses to be sworn; or having been sworn, refuses to answer any question put to him; or
Refractory witnesses

(c) refuses or neglects to produce any document or thing which he is required to produce; or (d) refuses to sign his deposition;

without, in any such case, offering any sufficient excuse for such refusal or neglect, the court may adjourn the case for any period not exceeding eight days and may, in the meantime, commit such person to prison, unless he sooner consents to do what is required of him. (2) If such person, upon being brought before the court at or before such adjourned hearing, again refuses to do what is required of him, the court may, if it sees fit, again adjourn the case and commit him for the like period, and so again, from time to time, until such person consents to do what is so required of him. (3) Nothing herein contained shall affect the liability of any such person to any other punishment or proceeding for refusing or neglecting to do what is so required of him, or shall prevent the court from disposing of

the case in the meantime, according to any other sufficient evidence taken before it. 151. (1) In any inquiry or trial, the wife or husband of the person charged shall be a competent witness for the prosecution or defence without the consent of such person(a) in any case where the wife or husband of a person charged may, under any law in force for the time being, be called as a witness without the consent of such person; (b) in any case where such person is charged with an offence under Chapter XV of the Penal Code or with bigamy; (c) in any case where such person is charged in respect of an act or omission affecting the person or property of the wife or husband of such person or the children of either of them. (2) For the purposes of this section(a) "wife" and "husband" include the parties to a customary marriage: (b) "customary marriage" includes a union which is regarded as marriage by the community in which the parties live. (As amended by No. 20 of 1969) Commissions for the Examination of Witnesses 152. (1) Whenever, in the course of any inquiry, trial or other proceeding under this Code, the High Court is satisfied that the examination of a witness is necessary for the ends of justice, and that the attendance of such witness cannot be procured without an amount of delay, expense or inconvenience which, in the circumstances of the case, would be unreasonable, the court may issue a commission to any magistrate, within the local limits of whose jurisdiction such witness resides, to take the evidence of such witness.
Issue of commission for examination of witness Cap. 87 Cases where wife or husband may be called without consent of accused

(2) The magistrate to whom the commission is issued shall proceed to the place where the witness is, or shall summon the witness before him, and shall take down his evidence in the same manner and may, for this purpose, execise the same powers as in the case of a trial. 153. (1) The parties to any proceeding under this Code in which a commission is issued may respectively forward any interrogatories in writing which the court directing the commission may think relevant to the issue, and the magistrate to whom the commission is directed shall examine the witness upon such interrogatories. (2) Any such party may appear before such magistrate by advocate, or, if not in custody, in person, and may examine, cross-examine and re-examine (as the case may be) the said witness. 154. Whenever, in the course of any inquiry, trial or other proceeding under this Code before any magistrate, it appears that a commission ought to be issued for the examination of a witness whose evidence is necessary for the ends of justice, and that the attendance of such witness cannot be procured without an amount of delay, expense or inconvenience which, in the circumstances of the case, would be unreasonable, such magistrate shall apply to the High Court, stating the reasons for the application; and the High Court may either issue a commission, in the manner hereinbefore provided, or reject the application.
Power of magistrate to apply for issue of commission Parties may examine witness

Return of 155. After any commission issued under section one hundred and fifty-two or one hundred and fifty-four has been duly executed, it shall be commission returned, together with the deposition of the witness examined thereunder, to the court in which the case is depending, and the commission, the return thereto, and the deposition shall be open, at all reasonable times, to inspection by the parties, and may, subject to all just exceptions, be read in evidence in the case by either party, and shall form part of the record.

156. In every case in which a commission is issued under section one Adjournment of hundred and fifty-two or one hundred and fifty-four, the inquiry, trial or inquiry or trial other proceeding may be adjourned for a specified time reasonably sufficient for the execution and return of the commission.

Evidence for Defence 157. Every person charged with an offence, and the wife or husband, as the case may be, of the person so charged, shall be a competent witness for the defence at every stage of the proceedings, whether the person so charged is charged solely or jointly with any other person: Provided that(i) a person so charged shall not be called as a witness in pursuance Own application of this section, except upon his own application; (ii) the failure of any person charged with an offence or of the wife or husband, as the case may be, of the person so charged, to give evidence shall not be made the subject of any comment by the prosecution; (iii) the wife or husband of the person charged shall not, save as hereinbefore mentioned, be called as a witness except upon the application of the person so charged;
No comment if not called as witness Competency of accused and husband or wife as witnesses

Spouses

Communications (iv) nothing in this section shall make a husband compellable to during marriage disclose any communication made to him by his wife during the marriage, or a wife compellable to disclose any communication made to her by her husband during the marriage;

(v) a person charged and being a witness in pursuance of this section may be asked any question in cross-examination, notwithstanding that it would tend to criminate him as to the offence charged; (vi) a person charged and called as a witness, in pursuance of this section, shall not be asked, and, if asked, shall not be required to answer, any question tending to show that he has committed or been convicted of, or been charged with any offence other than that wherewith he is then charged, or is of bad character, unless-

Cross-examination

No question to show commission of offence not charged

(a) the proof that he has committed or been convicted of such other Exceptions offence is admissible evidence to show that he is guilty of the offence wherewith he is then charged; or

(b) he has, personally or by his advocate, asked questions of the witnesses for the prosecution with a view to establishing his own good character, or has given evidence of his own good character, or the nature or conduct of the defence is such as to involve imputations on the character of the complainant or the witnesses for the prosecution; or (c) he has given evidence against any other person charged with the same offence; (vii) every person called as a witness in pursuance of this section shall, unless otherwise ordered by the court, give his evidence from the witness box or other place from which the other witnesses have given their evidence; (viii)nothing in this section shall affect the provisions of section two hundred and twenty-eight or any right of the person charged to make a statement without being sworn.
Evidence from box

Statement by person charged

158. Where the person charged is called by the defence as a witness to person charged is the facts of the case or to make a statement without being sworn, he shall called for defence be heard immediately after the close of the evidence for the prosecution. (No. 6 of 1972) 158A. (1) Where the presiding Judge or Magistrate is, on account of illness, death, relinquishment or cesser of jurisdiction or any other similar cause, unable to deliver a judgment already prepared by him, then the Chief Justice may direct(a) that another Judge of the High Court shall deliver in open court the judgment prepared by the presiding Judge; and (b) that another Magistrate of co-ordinate jurisdiction shall deliver in open court the judgment prepared by the presiding Magistrate, in the manner prescribed in subsection (1) of section one hundred and fifty-seven of this Code: Provided that in either case the judgment shall be dated and signed by the Judge or Magistrate at the time of delivering it. (2) After delivering the judgment under subsection (1), the Judge or the Magistrate, as the case may be, shall complete the proceedings of the
Completion of proceedings

Procedure where

case as if he had himself heard and determined the case. (3) In any case where a Judge has been appointed whether before or after the commencement of the Criminal Procedure Code (Amendment) Act, 1972, to be or to act as a Justice of Appeal or where a Magistrate has been appointed to be a Magistrate of a higher class or to be or to act as a Judge, he shall complete any proceedings already commenced before him, and for this purpose he shall be deemed to retain the position and powers which he held immediately before his being so appointed. (4) Where a Magistrate is transferred to another District he shall complete any proceedings already commenced before him. (As amended by No. 6 of 1972)
Right of reply 159. In cases where the right of reply depends upon the question whether evidence has been called for the defence the fact that the person charged has been called as a witness shall not of itself confer on the prosecution the right of reply:

Provided that the Director of Public Prosecutions or Solicitor-General, when appearing personally as advocate for the prosecution, shall, in all cases, have the right of reply. (As amended by S.I. No. 63 of 1964) Procedure in Case of the Insanity or Other Incapacity of an Accused Person 160. Where on the trial of a person charged with an offence punishable Question whether accused capable of by death or imprisonment the question arises, at the instance of the making his defence defence or otherwise, whether the accused is, by reason of unsoundness of mind or of any other disability, incapable of making a proper defence, the court shall inquire into and determine such question as soon as it arises. (No. 76 of 1965 as amended by No. 18 of 1966) 161. Where a court, in accordance with the provisions of section one hundred and sixty, finds an accused incapable of making a proper defence, it shall enter a plea of "not guilty" if it has not already done so
Procedure where accused unfit to make his defence

and, to the extent that it has not already done so, shall hear the evidence for the prosecution and (if any) for the defence. (2) At the close of such evidence as is mentioned in subsection (1), the court, if it finds that the evidence as it stands(a) would not justify a conviction or a special finding under section one hundred and sixty-seven, shall acquit and discharge the accused; or (b) would, in the absence of further evidence to the contrary, justify a conviction, or a special finding under section one hundred and sixty-seven, shall order the accused to be detained during the President's pleasure. (3) An acquittal and discharge under subsection (2) shall be without prejudice to any implementation of the provisions of the Mental Disorders Act, and the High Court may, if it considers in any case that an inquiry under the provisions of section nine of that Act is desirable, direct that the person acquitted and discharged be detained and taken before a magistrate for the purpose of such inquiry. (No. 76 of 1965) 162. (1) Where an order for the detention of an accused during the President's pleasure is made by a subordinate courtProcedure following order of detention during President's pleasure Cap. 305

(a) the court shall transmit the record or a certified copy thereof to the High Court for confirmation of such order; (b) the High Court may, and at the request of the prosecution or defence made within fourteen days of the order of the subordinate court shall, admit additional evidence or hear the prosecution and defence in relation to the disability of the accused; and (c) the High Court in dealing with the confirmation of such an order may exercise all or any of the powers which are conferred upon it under Part XI for the purposes of revision. (2) Where an order for the detention of an accused during the

President's pleasure is made or confirmed by the High Court, the Judge concerned shall submit a written report to the President containing any recommendations or observations on the case which he may think fit to make, together with a certified copy of the record. (No. 76 of 1965)
Detention during 163. (1) Where under this Code any person is ordered to be detained during the President's pleasure, the order shall be sufficient authority for President's pleasure his detention, until otherwise dealt with under this Code, in any mental institution, prison or other place where facilities exist for the detention of persons, and for his conveyance to that place.

(2) A person ordered under this Code to be detained during the President's pleasure shall be liable to be detained in such place and under such conditions as the President may by order direct, and while so detained shall be in lawful custody. (3) The officer in charge of the place in which any person is detained during the President's pleasure under this Code shall, at intervals not exceeding six months, submit a report to the President containing the prescribed information in relation to every person so detained in his custody. (No. 76 of 1965) 164. (1) The President may at any time by order discharge from detention any person detained during the President's pleasure and such discharge may be absolute or subject to conditions, and if absolute the order under which he has been detained shall cease to be of effect accordingly. (2) The President may at any time by order revoke an order of conditional discharge made under subsection (1) and thereupon the person concerned shall be detained during the President's pleasure as though he had never been discharged from detention. (No. 76 of 1965)
Resumption of trial 165. (1) If on the advice of a medical officer the President, having Cap 1 regard to the requirements of the Constitution, considers that the question of the capacity to make a proper defence of any person detained Discharge of persons detained during President's pleasure

following an order under section one hundred and sixty-one should be re-examined, he shall by order direct that such person be taken before a court and the court shall inquire into and determine that question. (2) Where a court, after inquiry under subsection (1), finds the accused capable of making a proper defence, any order under which the accused has been detained during the President's pleasure shall thereupon cease to have effect and the accused shall be called upon to plead to the charge or information and the trial shall commence de novo. (3) Where a court, after inquiry under subsection (1), finds the accused to be still incapable of making a proper defence, the order under which the accused has been detained during the President's pleasure shall continue to be of force and effect. (4) For the purposes of an inquiry under subsection (1), a report concerning the capacity of the accused to conduct his defence by the medical officer in charge of the asylum or other place in which the accused has been detained may be read as evidence but without prejudice to the right of the court to summon and examine such medical officer. (No. 76 of 1965) 166. The question whetherPreliminary inquiries

(a) while before the subordinate court an accused person is by reason of unsoundness of mind or of any other disability incapable of making a proper defence; or (b) at the time of the act or omission in respect of which an accused person is charged, such person was by reason of unsoundness of mind incapable of understanding what he was doing, or of knowing that he ought not to do the act or make the omission; shall not be determined in any preliminary inquiry held under Part VII and, for the purposes of any decision whether an accused should be committed for trial, the accused shall be deemed to have been at all material times free from any such disability. (No. 76 of 1965) 167. (1) Where an act or omission is charged against any person as an offence, and it is given in evidence on the trial of such person for that

Defence of insanity at the time of the offence

offence that he was insane so as not to be responsible for his actions at the time when the act was done or omission made, then, if it appears to the court before which such person is tried that he did the act or made the omission charged but was insane as aforesaid at the time when he did or made the same, the court shall make a special finding to the effect that the accused was not guilty by reason of insanity. (2) For the purposes of appeal, whether to the High Court or to the Court of Appeal, a special finding made under subsection (1) shall be deemed to be a conviction. (3) Where a special finding is made under subsection (1), the court so finding shall order the person to whom such finding relates to be detained during the President's pleasure. (No. 76 of 1965) 167A. The provisions of sections one hundred and sixty-three, one hundred and sixty-four, one hundred and sixty-five, one hundred and sixty-six and one hundred and sixty-seven shall apply mutatis mutandis to any person detained during the President's pleasure in terms of an order made under section one hundred and fifty-one of Chapter 7 of the 1965 Edition of the Laws before the *commencement of Act No. 76 of 1965. * *7th January, 1966. (No. 24 of 1970) Judgment
Mode of delivering 168. (1) The judgment in every trial in a subordinate court shall be judgment pronounced, or the substance of such judgment shall be explained, in open court, either immediately after the termination of the trial or, without undue delay, at some subsequent time, of which notice shall be given to the parties and their advocates, if any: Application to persons detained in terms of orders made under former provisions

Provided that the whole judgment shall be read out by the presiding magistrate, if he is requested so to do, either by the prosecution or the defence.

(2) The accused person shall, if in custody, be brought up, or, if not in custody, be required by the court to attend, to hear judgment delivered, except where his personal attendance during the trial has been dispensed with, and the sentence is one of fine only, or he is acquitted. (3) No judgment delivered by any court shall be deemed to be invalid by reason only of the absence of any party or his advocate on the day or from the place notified for the delivery thereof, or of any omission to serve, or defect in serving, on the parties or their advocates, or any of them, the notice of such day and place. (4) Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit, in any way, the provisions of section three hundred and fifty-three.
Contents of 169. (1) The judgment in every trial in any court shall, except as otherwise expressly provided by this Code, be prepared by the presiding judgment officer of the court and shall contain the point or points for determination, the decision thereon and the reasons for the decision, and shall be dated and signed by the presiding officer in open court at the time of pronouncing it.

(2) In the case of a conviction, the judgment shall specify the offence of which and the section of the Penal Code or other written law under which the accused person is convicted, and the punishment to which he is sentenced. *7th January, 1966. (3) In the case of an acquittal, the judgment shall state the offence of which the accused person is acquitted and shall direct that he be set at liberty. (No. 28 of 1940 as amended by No. 17 of 1945, No. 5 of 1962 and No. 11 of 1963) 169A. (1) Where the presiding Judge or Magistrate is, on account of illness, death, relinquishment or cesser of jurisdiction or any other similar cause, unable to deliver a judgment already prepared by him, then the Chief Justice may directCompletion of proceedings

(a) that another Judge of the High Court shall deliver in open court the judgment prepared by the presiding Judge; and (b) that another magistrate of co-ordinate jurisdiction shall deliver in open court the judgment prepared by the presiding magistrate, in the manner prescribed in subsection (1) of section one hundred and sixty-eight; Provided that in either case the judgment shall be dated and signed by the Judge or magistrate at the time of delivering it. (2) After delivering the judgment under subsection (1), the Judge or magistrate, as the case may be, shall complete the proceedings of the case as if he had himself heard and determined the case. (3) In any case where a Judge has been appointed, whether before or after the commencement of Act No. 6 of 1972, to be or to act as a Justice of Appeal or where a magistrate has been appointed to be a magistrate of a higher class or to be or to act as a Judge, he shall complete any proceedings already commenced before him, and for this purpose he shall be deemed to retain the position and powers which he held immediately before his being so appointed. (4) Where a magistrate is transferred to another District, he shall complete any proceedings already commenced before him. 170. On the application of the accused person, a copy of the judgment, or, when he so desires, a translation in his own language, if practicable, shall be given to him without delay. Such copy or translation shall be given free of cost. 171. (1) The court before which any person employed in the public service is convicted of a prescribed offence shall enter judgment, and civil jurisdiction is hereby conferred upon it for that purpose, for the amount of the value of the property in respect of which the offence was committed(a in favour of the Attorney-General where such property is the property of the or of any corporation, body or board, including any
Copy of judgment, etc., to be given to accused on application

Entry of judgment where public officer convicted of offence

institutions of higher learning, in which the Government has a majority or controlling interest (2) No appeal shall lie against a statutory judgment but if, on an appeal against conviction, the appeal is allowed or a conviction for an offence which is not a prescribed offence is substituted, the statutory judgment shall be deemed to have been set aside, but without prejudice to any other right of recovery by way of civil proceedings. (3) The entering of an appeal against conviction shall not operate as a stay of execution under a statutory judgment, unless the court otherwise orders. (4) Execution may be levied under a statutory judgment against all or any persons employed in the Public Service jointly charged with and convicted of a prescribed offence, but the total amount levied shall not exceed the amount for which the statutory judgment was entered. (5) Where a person employed in the public service is convicted of an offence and such person asks the court to take another offence, which is a prescribed offence, into account for the purposes of sentence and the court does so, such person shall, for the purposes of this section, be deemed to have been convicted of such prescribed offence and the court shall enter judgment accordingly as provided in subsection (1).; (6) In this section, unless the context otherwise requires"prescribed offence" means an offence under Chapter XXVI, XXVII, XXX, XXXI or XXXIII of the Penal Code where the property in respect of which the offence is committed is the property of the Government or any corporation, body or board including an institution of learning, in which the Government has a majority or controlling interest or a local authority or is property which comes into the possession of the person employed in the public service by virtue of his employment; "person employed in the public service" means a person who, at the time of commission of the prescribed offence, was a person employed in the public service as defined in section four of the Penal Code; "statutory judgment" means a judgment entered in pursuance of the provisions of subsection (1). (As amended by Act N.o. 54 of 1968, 12 of 1973, 34 of 1973 and 32 of 1974)
Cap. 87 Cap. 87

Costs, Compensation and Damages


Costs against 172. (1) It shall be lawful for a Judge or a magistrate to order any person convicted before him of an offence to pay such reasonable costs, accused or prosecution as to such Judge or magistrate may seem fit, in addition to any other penalty imposed and such costs shall be paid, where the prosecution was in the charge of a public prosecutor, into the general revenues of the Republic, and in any other case to the person by or on behalf of whom the prosecution was instituted.

(2) It shall be lawful for a Judge or a magistrate who acquits or discharges a person accused of an offence to order that such reasonable costs, as to such Judge or magistrate may seem fit, be paid to such person and such costs shall be paid, where the prosectuion was in the charge of a public prosecutor, from the general revenues of the Republic, and in any other case by the person by or on behalf of whom the prosecution was instituted: Provided that no such order shall be made if the Judge or magistrate shall consider that there were reasonable grounds for making the complaint. (3) The costs awarded under this section may be awarded in addition to any compensation awarded under section one hundred and seventy-four. (As amended by No. 5 of 1962 and S.I. No. 63 of 1964)
Order to pay costs 173. An appeal shall lie from any order of a subordinate court awarding costs, under the last preceding section, to the High Court. The appealable appellate court shall have power to give such costs of the appeal as it shall deem reasonable.

174. If, on the dismissal of any case, any court shall be of opinion that Compensation in case of frivolous or the charge was frivolous or vexatious, such court may order the vexatious charge complainant to pay to the accused person a reasonable sum, as compensation for the trouble and expense to which such person may have been put by reason of such charge, in addition to his costs.

Power of court to 175. (1) When an accused person is convicted by any court of any offence not punishable with death and it appears from the evidence that order accused to pay compensation some other person, whether or not he is the prosecutor or a witness in the case, has suffered material loss or personal injury in consequence of the offence committed and that substantial compensation is, in the opinion of the court, recoverable by that person by civil suit, such court may, in its discretion and in addition to any other lawful punishment, order the convicted person to pay to that other person such compensation, in kind or in money, as the court deems fair and reasonable:

Provided that in no case shall the amount or value of the compensation awarded exceed fifty kwacha. (2) When any person is convicted of any offence under Chapters XXVI to XXXI, both inclusive, of the Penal Code, the power conferred by subsection (1) shall be deemed to include a power to award compensation to any bona fide purchaser of any property in relation to which the offence was committed for the loss of such property if the same is restored to the possession of the person entitled thereto. (3) Any order for compensation under this section shall be subject to appeal and no payment of compensation shall be made before the period allowed for presenting the appeal has elapsed or, if an appeal be presented, before the decision of the appeal. (No. 28 of 1940) 176. The sums allowed for costs or compensation shall, in all cases, be specified in the conviction or order, and the same shall be recoverable in like manner as any penalty may be recovered under this Code; and, in default of payment of such costs or compensation or of distress as hereinafter provided, the person in default shall be liable to imprisonment with or without hard labour for a term not exceeding three months, unless such costs or compensation shall be sooner paid. 177. (1) Whenever any court imposes a fine, or confirms on appeal, revision or otherwise a sentence of fine, or a sentence of which a fine forms part, the court may, when passing judgment, order the whole or any part of the fine recovered to be applied(a) in defraying expenses properly incurred in the prosecution;
Costs and compensation to be specified in order; how recoverable

Power of court to award expenses or compensation out of fine

(b) in the payment to any person of compensation for any loss or injury caused by the offence, when substantial compensation is, in the opinion of the court, recoverable by civil suit. (2) At the time of awarding any compensation in any subsequent civil suit relating to the same matter, the court hearing the civil suit shall take into account any compensation paid or recovered under section one hundred and seventy-five or this section. (As amended by No. 28 of 1940) 178. Where, in a charge of stealing, dishonest receiving or fraudulent conversion, the court shall be of opinion that the evidence is insufficient to support the charge, but that it establishes wrongful conversion or detention of property, such court may order that such property be restored, and may also award damages. Any damages awarded shall be recoverable as a penalty. Restitution of Property 179. Where, upon the apprehension of a person charged with an offence, any property is taken from him, the court before which he is charged may order(a) that the property or a part thereof be restored to the person who appears to the court to be entitled thereto, and, if he be the person charged, that it be restored either to him or to such other person as he may direct; or (b) that the property or a part thereof be applied to the payment of any fine or any costs or compensation directed to be paid by the person charged. 180. (1) If any person guilty of any offence as is mentioned in Chapters Stolen property. Cap. 146 XXVI to XXXI, both inclusive, of the Penal Code, in stealing, taking, extorting, obtaining, converting or disposing of, or in knowingly receiving, any property, is prosecuted to conviction by or on behalf of the owner of such property, the property shall be restored to the owner or his representative.
Property found on accused person Wrongful conversion and detention of property Compensation recovered to be taken into account in subsequent civil suit

(2) In every case in this section referred to, the court before whom such offender is convicted shall have the power to award, from time to time, writs of restitution for the said property or to order the restitution thereof in a summary manner: Provided that nothing in this section shall apply to(i) any valuable security which has been bona fide paid or discharged by any person liable to pay or discharge the same; or (ii) any negotiable instrument which shall have been bona fide received by transfer or delivery by any person for a just and valuable consideration without notice, or without reasonable cause to suspect that it has been stolen or dishonestly obtained. (3) On the restitution of any stolen property, if it appears to the court by the evidence that the offender has sold the stolen property to any person, that such person has had no knowledge that the same was stolen, and that any moneys have been taken from the offender on his apprehension, the court may, on the application of such purchaser, order that out of such moneys a sum not exceeding the amount of the proceeds of such sale be delivered to the said purchaser. (4) The operation of any order under this section shall (unless the court before which the conviction takes place directs to the contrary in any case in which the title to the property is not in dispute) be suspended(a) in any case until the time for appeal has elapsed; and

(b) in any case where an appeal is lodged, until the final determination of such appeal; and in cases where the operation of any such order is suspended until the determination of the appeal, the order shall not take effect as to the property in question if the conviction is quashed on appeal. (5) In this section, unless the context otherwise requires, "property" means not only such property as has been originally in the possession or under the control of any person but also any property into or for which the same has been converted or exchanged, and anything which has been

acquired by such conversion or exchange, whether immediately or otherwise. (No. 50 of 1957) Miscellaneous Provisions 181. (1) When a person is charged with an offence consisting of several When offence particulars, a combination of some only of which constitutes a complete proved is included in offence charged minor offence, and such combination is proved but the remaining particulars are not proved, he may be convicted of the minor offence although he was not charged with it. (2) When a person is charged with an offence and facts are proved which reduce it to a minor offence, he may be convicted of the minor offence although he was not charged with it. (No. 28 of 1940) 182. When a person is charged with an offence, he may be convicted of having attempted to commit that offence, although he was not charged with the attempt. (No. 28 of 1940) 183. (1) Where a person is charged with treason and the facts proved in evidence authorise a conviction for treason-felony and not for treason, he may be convicted of treason-felony although he was not charged with that offence.
Person charged with treason may be convicted of treason-felony and person charged with treason or treason-felony may be convicted of sedition Person charged with any offence may be convicted of attempt

(2) Where a person is charged with treason or treason-felony and the facts proved in evidence authorise a conviction for sedition and not for treason or treason-felony, as the case may be, he may be convicted of sedition although he was not charged with that offence. (No. 6 of 1965) 184. (1) When a woman is charged with the murder of her child, being Alternative
verdicts in various

a child under the age of twelve months, and the court is of opinion that she, by any wilful act or omission, caused its death but at the time of the act or omission she had not fully recovered from the effect of giving birth to such child and that by reason thereof or by reason of the effect of lactation consequent upon the birth of the child the balance of her mind was then disturbed, she may, notwithstanding that the circumstances were such that but for the provisions of section two hundred and three of the Penal Code she might be convicted of murder, be convicted of the offence of infanticide although she was not charged with it.

offences involving the homicide of children Cap. 87

(2) When a person is charged with the murder or manslaughter of any Cap. 87 child or with infanticide, or with an offence under section one hundred Cap. 87 and fifty-one or one hundred and fifty-two of the Penal Code (relating to the procuring of abortion), and the court is of opinion that he is not guilty of murder, manslaughter or infanticide or of an offence under section one hundred and fifty-one or one hundred and fifty-two of the Penal Code but that he is guilty of the offence of child destruction, he may be convicted of that offence although he was not charged with it. (3) When a person is charged with the offence of child destruction and the court is of opinion that he is not guilty of that offence but that he is guilty of an offence under either section one hundred and fifty-one or one hundred and fifty-two of the Penal Code, he may be convicted of that offence although he was not charged with it. (4) When a person is charged with the murder or infanticide of any child or with child destruction and the court is of opinion that he is not guilty of any of the said offences but that he is guilty of the offence of concealment of birth, he may be convicted of the offence of concealment of birth although he was not charged with it. (No. 28 of 1940) 185. When a person is charged with manslaughter in connection with the driving of a motor vehicle by him and the court is of the opinion that he is not guilty of that offence, but that he is guilty of an offence under subsection (1) of section one hundred and ninety-six of the Roads and Road Traffic Act (relating to reckless or dangerous driving), or under any written law in substitution therefor, he may be convicted of that offence although he was not charged with it. (No. 28 of 1940)
Person charged with manslaughter in connection with the driving of a motor vehicle may be convicted of reckless or dangerous driving. Cap. 464 Cap. 87

186. (1) When a person is charged with rape and the court is of opinion that he is not guilty of that offence but that he is guilty of an offence under one of sections one hundred and thirty-seven, one hundred and thirty-eight, one hundred and forty-one and one hundred and fifty-nine of the Penal Code, he may be convicted of that offence although he was not charged with it.

Alternative verdicts in charges of rape and kindred offences. Cap. 146

Cap. 87 (2) When a person is charged with an offence under section one hundred and fifty-nine of the Penal Code and the court is of opinion that Cap. 87 he is not guilty of that offence but that he is guilty of an offence under one of the sections one hundred and thirty-eight and one hundred and thirty-nine of the Penal Code, he may be convicted of that offence although he was not charged with it.

(3) When a person is charged with the defilement of a girl under the age Cap. 87 of sixteen years and the court is of opinion that he is not guilty of that offence but that he is guilty of an offence under subsection (1) or (3) of section one hundred and thirty-seven of the Penal Code, he may be convicted of that offence although he was not charged with it. (No. 28 of 1940) 187. When a person is charged with an offence under one of sections three hundred and one to three hundred and five of the Penal Code and the court is of opinion that he is not guilty of that offence but that he is guilty of any other offence under another of the said sections, he may be convicted of that other offence although he was not charged with it: Provided that, in such case, the punishment imposed shall not exceed the maximum punishment which may be imposed for the offence with which the accused was charged. (No. 28 of 1940) 188. (1) When a person is charged with stealing anything andAlternative verdicts in charges of stealing and kindred offences. Person charged with burglary, etc., may be convicted of kindred offence. Cap. 146

Cap. 87 (a) the facts proved amount to an offence under subsection (1) of section three hundred and eighteen of the Penal Code, he may be convicted of the offence under that section although he was not charged

with it; (b) it is proved that he obtained the thing in any such manner as would amount, under the provisions of the Penal Code, to obtaining it by false pretences with intent to defraud, he may be convicted of the offence of obtaining it by false pretences although he was not charged with it; (c) the facts proved amount to an offence under section three hundred and nineteen of the Penal Code, he may be convicted of the offence under that section although he was not charged with it. (2) When a person is charged with obtaining anything capable of being stolen by false pretences with intent to defraud, and it is proved that he stole the thing, he may be convicted of the offence of stealing although he was not charged with it. (No. 28 of 1940 as amended by No. 47 of 1955)
Construction of 189. The provisions of sections one hundred and eighty-one to one hundred and eighty-eight shall be construed as in addition to, and not in sections 181 to 188 derogation of, the provisions of any other Act and the other provisions of this Code, and the provisions of sections one hundred and eighty-two to one hundred and eighty-eight shall be construed as being without prejudice to the generality of the provisions of section one hundred and eighty-one. Cap. 87

(No. 28 of 1940) 190. If, on any trial for misdemeanour, the facts proved in evidence amount to a felony, the accused shall not be therefore entitled to be acquitted of such misdemeanour; and no person tried for such misdemeanour shall be liable afterwards to be prosecuted for felony on the same facts, unless the court before which such trial may be had shall think fit, in its discretion, to discharge such person in respect of the misdemeanour and to direct such person to be prosecuted for felony, whereupon such person may be dealt with as if not previously put on trial for misdemeanour.
Person charged with misdemeanour not to be acquitted if felony proved

PART V MODE OF TAKING AND RECORDING EVIDENCE IN

INQUIRIES AND TRIALS 191. Except as otherwise expressly provided, all evidence taken in any Evidence to be taken in presence inquiry or trial under this Code shall be taken in the presence of the of accused accused, or, when his personal attendance has been dispensed with, in the presence of his advocate (if any). (No. 33 of 1972) 191A. (1) The contents of any document purporting to be a report under Reports by medical officers in public the hand of a medical officer employed in the public service upon any service matter relevant to the issue in any criminal proceedings shall be admitted in evidence in such proceedings to prove the matters stated therein: Provided that(i) the court in which any such report is adduced in evidence may, in its discretion, cause the medical officer to be summoned to give oral evidence in such proceedings or may cause written interrogatories approved by the court to be submitted to him for reply, and such interrogatories and any reply thereto purporting to be a reply from such person shall likewise be admissible in evidence in such proceedings; (ii) at the request of the accused, made not less than seven days before the trial, such witness shall be summoned to give oral evidence. (2) The court may presume that the signature on any such report is genuine and that the person signing it held the office and qualifications which he professed to hold as appearing in the report at the time when he signed it. (3) Nothing in this section contained shall be deemed to affect any provision of any written law under which any certificate or other document is made admissible in evidence, and the provisions of this section shall be deemed to be additional to, and not in substitution of, any such provision. (4) For the purposes of this section, the expression "medical officer" shall mean a medical practitioner registered as such under the Medical
Cap. 297

and Allied Professions Act. (No. 33 of 1972) 192. (1) Whenever any fact ascertained by any examination or process Evidence of requiring chemical or bacteriological skill is or may become relevant to analyst the issue in any criminal proceedings, a document purporting to be an affidavit relating to any such examination or process shall, if purporting to have been made by any person qualified to carry out such examination or process, who has ascertained any such fact by means of any such examination or process, be admissible in evidence in such proceedings to prove the matters stated therein: Provided that(i) the court in which any such document is adduced in evidence may, in its discretion, cause such person to be summoned to give oral evidence in such proceedings or may cause written interrogatories to be submitted to him for reply, and such interrogatories and any reply thereto purporting to be a reply from such person shall likewise be admissible in evidence in such proceedings; (ii) at the request of the accused, made not less than seven days before the trial, such witness shall be summoned to give oral evidence. (2) Nothing in this section contained shall be deemed to affect any provision of any written law under which any certificate or other document is made admissible in evidence, and the provisions of this section shall be deemed to be additional to, and not in substitution of, any such provision. (No. 1 of 1936 as amended by No. 11 of 1963) 193. Where any photograph is or may become relevant to the issue in Evidence of photographic any criminal proceedings, a document purporting to be an affidavit process made by the person who processed such photograph shall be admissible in evidence in any such proceedings as proof of such processing: Provided that the court in which any such document is produced may, if it thinks fit, summon such person to give evidence orally. (No. 50 of 1957)

194. (1) In any criminal proceedings, a certificate purporting to be signed by a police officer or any other person authorised under rules made in that behalf by the Chief Justice, by statutory instrument, and certifying that a plan or drawing exhibited thereto is a plan or drawing made by him of the place or object specified in the certificate and that the plan or drawing is correctly drawn to a scale so specified and clearly indicates, where applicable, the direction of North in relation to the places or objects depicted thereon, shall be evidence of the relative positions of the things shown on the plan or drawing.

Evidence of plans, theft of postal matters and goods in transit on railways

(2) In any proceedings for an offence consisting of the stealing of goods Cap. 470 in the possession of the Zambia Railways, or receiving or retaining goods so stolen knowing them to have been stolen, or for the theft of postal matter under the Penal Code, or for an offence under the Postal Services Act, a statutory declaration made by any person(a) that he despatched or received or failed to receive any goods or postal packet or that any goods or postal packet when despatched or received by him were in a particular state or condition; or (b) that a vessel, vehicle or aircraft was at any time employed by or under the Postmaster-General for the transmission of postal packets under contract; shall be admissible as evidence of the facts stated in the declaration. (3) Nothing in this section shall be deemed to make a certificate or statutory declaration admissible as evidence in proceedings for an offence except in a case where and to the extent to which oral evidence to the like effect would have been admissible in those proceedings. (4) Nothing in this section shall be deemed to make a certificate or any plan or drawings exhibited thereto or a statutory declaration admissible as evidence in proceedings for any offence(a) unless a copy thereof has, not less than seven days before the hearing or trial, been served on the person charged with the offence; or (b) if that person, not later than three days before the hearing or trial or within such further time as the court may in special circumstances

allow, serves notice in writing on the prosecutor requiring the attendance at the trial of the person who signed the certificate or the person by whom the declaration was made, as the case may be; or (c) if the court before whom the said proceedings are brought requires the attendance at the trial of the person who signed the certificate or the person by whom the declaration was made, as the case may be. (No. 16 of 1959) 195. (1) Whenever any evidence is given in a language not understood by the accused, and he is present in person, it shall be interpreted to him in open court in a language understood by him.
Interpretation of evidence to accused or his advocate

(2) If he appears by advocate, and the evidence is given in a language other than the English language, and not understood by the advocate, it shall be interpreted to such advocate in the English language. (3) When documents are put in for the purpose of formal proof, it shall be in the discretion of the court to cause to be interpreted as much thereof as appears necessary. 196. A magistrate shall record the sex and approximate age of each witness, and may also record such remarks (if any) as he thinks material respecting the demeanour of any witness whilst under examination. PART VI PROCEDURE IN TRIALS BEFORE SUBORDINATE COURTS Provisions Relating to the Hearing and Determination of Cases 197. (1) All trials in subordinate courts shall be held before a magistrate Trials in sitting alone, or before a magistrate sitting with the aid of assessors (if subordinate courts the presiding magistrate so decides), the number of whom shall be two or more, as the court thinks fit:
Remarks respecting demeanour of witness

Provided always that every trial on a charge of treason or murder in a subordinate court shall be held with the aid of assessors, if assessors are procurable therefor. (2) Where an accused person has been committed for trial before the High Court, and the case has been transferred by the High Court for trial before a subordinate court, such of the provisions of Parts VII and IX as are applicable shall, with all necessary modifications and alterations, apply to such trial before such subordinate court: Provided that(i) no provisions relating to the inclusion of a count charging a previous conviction in an information shall be deemed applicable to such trial before such subordinate court; (ii) the recognizances of witnesses bound to appear and give evidence at such trial before the High Court shall be deemed, for all purposes, to have been executed as if the obligations to attend the High Court had included attendance at any court to which the case might be transferred. 198. If a trial is held in a subordinate court with the aid of assessors, all Trials with assessors the provisions in this Code contained as to a trial with assessors in the High Court shall apply, so far as the same are applicable, to a trial held with assessors in a subordinate court. 199. If, in any case which a subordinate court has jurisdiction to hear Non-appearance of and determine, the accused person appears in obedience to the summons complainant at hearing served upon him at the time and place appointed in the sumons for the hearing of the case or is brought before court under arrest, then, if the complainant, having had notice of the time and place appointed for the hearing of the charge, does not appear, the court shall dismiss the charge, unless, for some reason, it shall think it proper to adjourn the hearing of the case until some other date, upon such terms as it shall think fit, in which event it may, pending such adjourned hearing, either admit the accused to bail or remand him to prison, or take such security for his appearance as the court shall think fit. (As amended by No. 28 of 1940)

Appearance of 200. If, at the time appointed for the hearing of the case, both the complainant and the accused person appear before the court which is to both parties hear and determine the charge, or if the complainant appears and the personal attendance of the accused person has been dispensed with under section ninety-nine, the court shall proceed to hear the case.

201. If a complainant, at any time before a final order is passed in any Withdrawal of case under this Part, satisfies the court that there are sufficient grounds complaint for permitting him to withdraw his complaint, the court may permit him to withdraw the same, and shall, thereupon, acquit the accused. 202. Before or during the hearing of any case, it shall be lawful for the Adjournment court, in its discretion, to adjourn the hearing to a certain time and place, to be then appointed and stated in the presence and hearing of the party or parties or their respective advocates then present, and, in the meantime, the court may suffer the accused person to go at large, or may commit him to prison, or may release him, upon his entering into a recognizance, with or without sureties, at the discretion of the court, conditioned for his appearance at the time and place to which such hearing or further hearing shall be adjourned: Provided that no such adjournment shall be for more than thirty clear days, or, if the accused person has been committed to prison, for more than fifteen clear days, the day following that on which the adjournment is made being counted as the first day. (As amended by No. 5 of 1962) 203. (1) If, at the time or place to which the hearing or further hearing Non-appearance of shall be adjourned, the accused person shall not appear before the court parties after adjournment which shall have made the order of adjournment, it shall be lawful for such court, unless the accused person is charged with felony, to proceed with the hearing or further hearing, as if the accused were present, and, if the complainant shall not appear, the court may dismiss the charge, with or without costs, as the court shall think fit. (2) If the court convicts the accused person in his absence, it may set aside such conviction, upon being satisfied that the cause of his absence was reasonable, and that he had a reasonable defence on the merits.

(3) Any sentence passed under subsection (1) shall be deemed to commence from the date of apprehension subsequent to judgment, and the person effecting such apprehension shall endorse the date thereof on the back of the warrant of commitment. (4) If the accused person who has not appeared as aforesaid is charged with felony, or if the court, in its discretion, refrains from convicting the accused in his absence, the court shall issue a warrant for the apprehension of the accused person and cause him to be brought before the court. 204. (1) The substance of the charge or complaint shall be stated to the Accused to be accused person by the court, and he shall be asked whether he admits or called upon to plead denies the truth of the charge: Provided that where the charge or complaint contains a count charging the accused person with having been previously convicted of any offence, the procedure prescribed by section two hundred and seventy-five shall, mutatis mutandis, be applied. (2) If the accused person admits the truth of the charge, his admission shall be recorded, as nearly as possible, in the words used by him, and the court shall convict him and pass sentence upon or make an order against him, unless there shall appear to it sufficient cause to the contrary. (3) If the accused person does not admit the truth of the charge, the court shall proceed to hear the case as hereinafter provided. (4) If the accused person refuses to plead, the court shall order a plea of "not guilty" to be entered for him. (As amended by No. 50 of 1957) 205. (1) If the accused person does not admit the truth of the charge, the Procedure on plea court shall proceed to hear the complainant and his witnesses and other of "not guilty" evidence, if any.

(2) The accused person or his advocate may put questions to each witness produced against him. (3) If the accused person does not employ an advocate, the court shall, at the close of the examination of each witness for the prosecution, ask the accused person whether he wishes to put any questions to that witness, and shall record his answer. 206. If, at the close of the evidence in support of the charge, it appears Acquittal to the court that a case is not made out against the accused person sufficiently to require him to make a defence, the court shall dismiss the case, and shall forthwith acquit him. (As amended by No. 2 of 1960)
The defence 207. (1) At the close of the evidence in support of the charge, if it appears to the court that a case is made out against the accused person sufficiently to require him to make a defence, the court shall again explain the substance of the charge to the accused and shall inform him that he has the right to give evidence on his own behalf and that, if he does so, he will be liable to cross-examination, or to make a statement not on oath from the dock, and shall ask him whether he has any witnesses to examine or other evidence to adduce in his defence, and the court shall then hear the accused and his witnesses and other evidence, if any.

(2) If the accused person states that he has witnesses to call, but that they are not present in court, and the court is satisfied that the absence of such witnesses is not due to any fault or neglect of the accused person, and that there is likelihood that they could, if present, give material evidence on behalf of the accused person, the court may adjourn the trial and issue process, or take other steps, to compel the attendance of such witnesses. (As amended by No. 28 of 1940 and No. 5 of 1962)
Defence 208. Unless the only witness to the facts of the case called by the defence is the accused, the accused person or his advocate may then open his case, stating the facts or law on which he intends to rely, and making such comments as he thinks necessary on the evidence for the prosecution. If an accused person wishes to give evidence or to make an unsworn statement on his own behalf, he shall do so first, and thereafter

he or his advocate may examine his witnesses, and, after their cross-examination and re-examination, if any, may sum up his case. (No. 16 of 1959 as amended by No. 6 of 1972) 209. (1) If the only witness to the facts of the case called by the defence is the accused, or if the accused elects to make an unsworn statement without calling any witnesses, the accused shall forthwith give his evidence or make his unsworn statement, as the case may be. (2) At the conclusion of such evidence or unsworn statement, the prosecutor shall then have the right to sum up the case against the accused. (3) The court shall then call on the accused person personally or by his advocate to address the court on his behalf. (No. 16 of 1959) 210. If the accused person adduces evidence in his defence introducing Evidence reply new matter which the advocate for the prosecution could not by the exercise of reasonable diligence have foreseen, the court may allow the advocate for the prosecution to adduce evidence in reply to contradict the said matter. (No. 16 of 1959) 211. If the accused person, or any one of several accused persons, adduces any evidence through any witness other than himself, the prosecutor shall be entitled to reply. (No. 16 of 1959) 212. If the accused person says that he does not mean to give or adduce evidence or make an unsworn statement, and the court considers that there is evidence that he committed the offence, the advocate for the prosecution may then sum up the case against the accused person, and the court shall then call upon the accused person personally or by his advocate to addres the court on his own behalf. (No. 16 of 1959)
Where the accused person does not give evidence or make unsworn statement Prosecutor's reply Procedure where defence calls no witnesses other than accused

213. (1) Where, at any stage of a trial before the accused is required to make his defence, it appears to the court that the charge is defective either in substance or in form, the court may, save as in section two hundred and six otherwise provided, make such order for the alteration of the charge, either by way of amendment of the charge or by the substitution or addition of a new charge, as the court thinks necessary to meet the circumstances of the case: Provided that, where a charge is altered under this subsection(i) the court shall thereupon call upon the accused person to plead to the altered charge; (ii) the accused may demand that the witnesses, or any of them, be recalled and give their evidence afresh or be further cross-examined by the accused or his advocate and, in such last-mentioned event, the prosecution shall have the right to re-examine any such witness on matters arising out of such further cross-examination. (2) Variance between the charge and the evidence adduced in support of it with respect to the time at which the alleged offence was committed is not material and the charge need not be amended for such variance if it is proved that the proceedings were in fact instituted within the time (if any) limited by law for the institution thereof. (3) Where an alteration of a charge is made under subsection (1) or there is a variance between the charge and the evidence as described in subsection (2), the court shall, if it is of the opinion that the accused has been thereby misled or deceived, adjourn the trial for such period as may be reasonably necessary. (No. 28 of 1940 as amended by No. 76 of 1965)

Variance between charge and evidence and amendment of charge

The decision 214. The court, having heard both the complainant and the accused person and their witnesses and evidence, shall either convict the accused and pass sentence upon or make an order against him, according to law, or shall acquit him.

(As amended by No. 28 of 1940) 215. The conviction or order may, if required, be afterwards drawn up, Drawing up of

and shall be signed by the court making the conviction or order, or by the clerk or other officer of the court.

conviction or order

216. The production of a copy of an order of acquittal, certified by the Order of acquittal clerk or other officer of the court, shall, unless the acquittal has been set bar to further proceedings aside by a competent court, without other proof, be a bar to any subsequent information or complaint for the same matter against the same accused person. (As amended by No. 2 of 1960)
Committal to High 217. (1) Where, on the trial by a subordinate court of an offence, a Court for sentence person who is of not less than the apparent age of seventeen years is convicted of the offence, and the court is of opinion that his character and antecedents are such that greater punishment should be inflicted for the offence than that court has power to inflict, or if it appears to the court that the offence is one in respect whereof a mandatory minimum punishment is provided by law which is greater than that court has power to inflict, it may, after recording its reasons in writing on the record of the case, commit such person to the High Court for sentence, instead of dealing with him in any other manner in which it has power to deal with him.

(2) For the purposes of this section, the aggregate of consecutive sentences which might be imposed by the subordinate court upon any person in respect of convictions for other offences joined in the charge of the offence referred to in subsection (1) shall be deemed to be the sentence which could be imposed for such last-mentioned offence. (No. 26 of 1956 as amended by No. 2 of 1960, 12 of 1973 and 28 of 1979)
Procedure on 218. (1) In any case where a subordinate court commits a person for sentence under the provisions of section two hundred and seventeen, the committal for sentence subordinate court shall forthwith send a copy of the record of the case to the High Court.

(2) Any person committed to the High Court for sentence shall be brought before the High Court at the first convenient opportunity. (3) When any person is brought before the High Court in accordance with the provisions of subsection (2), the High Court shall proceed as if

he had been convicted on trial by the High Court. (As amended by no 26 of 1956, 16 of 1959, 2 of 1960, 5 of 1962 and Act 12 of 1973) Limitations and Exceptions Relating to Trials before Subordinate Courts
Limitation of time 219. Except where a longer time is specially allowed by law, no for summary trials offence, the maximum punishment for which does not exceed in certain cases imprisonment for six months and/or a fine of one thousand and five hundred penalty units, shall be triable by a subordinate court, unless the charge or complaint relating to it is laid within twelve months from the time when the matter of such charge or complaint arose.

(As amended by Act No. 13 of 1994) 220. (1) If, before or during the course of a trial before a subordinate court, it appears to the magistrate that the case is one which ought to be tried by the High Court or if, before the commencement of the trial, an application in that behalf is made by a public prosecutor acting on the instructions of the Director of Public Prosecutions that it shall be so tried, the magistrate shall not proceed with the trial but in lieu thereof he shall hold a preliminary inquiry in accordance with the provisions hereinafter contained, and in such case the provisions of section two hundred and thirty-two shall not apply. (2) Where, in the course of a trial, the magistrate has stopped the proceedings under the provisions of subsection (1), it shall, in the case of any witness whose statement has already been taken, be sufficient compliance with the provisions of section two hundred and twenty-four if the statement is read over to the witness and is signed by him and by the magistrate: Provided that the accused person shall, if he so wishes, be entitled to a further opportunity for cross-examining such witness. (No. 2 of 1960 as amended by S.I. No. 63 of 1964) 221. (1) When any person is summoned to appear before a subordinate court or is arrested or informed by a police officer that proceedings will be instituted against him, thenPayment by accused persons of fines which may be imposed for minor Procedure in case of offence unsuitable for summary trial

offences without appearing in court

(a) if the offence in respect of which the summons is issued, the arrest made or the proceedings are to be instituted is punishable by(i) a fine not exceeding one thousand and five hundred penalty units or imprisonment in default of payment of such fine; or (ii) a fine not exceeding one thousand and five hundred penalty units or imprisonment not exceeding six months; or (iii) a fine not exceeding one thousand and five hundred penalty units or imprisonment not exceeding six months, or both; or is an offence specified by the Chief Justice, by statutory notice, as been an offence to which the provisions of this section shall apply; and (b) if such person has been served with a concise statement, in such form as may be prescribed by the Chief Justice, of the facts constituting and relating to the offence in respect of which the summons is issued, the arrest made or the proceedings are to be instituted; such person may, before appearing in court to answer the charge against him, sign and deliver to the prescribed officer a document, in such form as may be prescribed by the Chief Justice (in this section called an "Admission of Guilt Form") admitting that he is guilty of the offence charged; and (c) if such person forthwith-

(i) deposits with the prescribed officer the maximum amount of the fine which may be imposed by the court or such lesser sum as may be fixed by such officer; or (ii) furnishes to the prescribed officer such security, by way of deposit of property, as may be approved by such officer for the payment within one month of any fine which may be imposed by the court; such person shall not be required to appear in court to answer the charge made against him unless the court, for reasons to be recorded in writing, shall otherwise order. The appearance in court of such person may be enforced by summons, or if necessary, by warrant. (2) A copy of the aforesaid concise statement of facts and the Admission of Guilt Form signed and delivered as aforesaid shall forthwith be transmitted by the prescribed officer to the court before which such person would otherwise have been required to appear and may be entered by the court in the court records.

(3) A person who has signed and delivered an Admission of Guilt Form may, at any time before the fixed day, transmit to the clerk of the court(a) an intimation in writing purporting to be given by him or on his behalf that he wishes to withdraw the Admission of Guilt Form aforesaid; or (b) in writing, any submission which he wishes to be brought to the attention of the court with a view to mitigation of sentence. (4) On receipt of an intimation of withdrawal transmitted under the provisions of subsection (3), the clerk of the court shall forthwith inform the prosecutor thereof. (5) On the fixed day the court may adjourn the hearing in accordance with the provisions of this Code or may proceed to hear and dispose of the case in open court in accordance with such one of the following procedures as is appropriate: (a) If the accused person has not withdrawn the Admission of Guilt Form aforesaid, the court shall cause the charge as stated therein and the statement of facts aforesaid and any written submission in mitigation received in accordance with the provisions of subsection (3) to be read out in court and shall then proceed to judgment in accordance with law as if such person had appeared and pleaded guilty: Provided that the accused person, or his advocate, if no submission in mitigation as aforesaid has been received by the clerk of court, shall be entitled to address the court in mitigation before sentence is passed on him. (b) If the accused person has withdrawn the admission of guilt and appears in court, the court shall immediately, or after any such adjournment as the court may think fit, try the offence alleged to have been committed, in accordance with the provisions of this Code as if this section had not been passed. (c) If the accused person has withdrawn his admission of guilt and does not appear in court, the court shall thereupon issue a summons

commanding the attendance of the accused person before the court, which shall, on the date stated on the summons, inquire into and try the offence alleged to have been committed, in accordance with the provisions of this Code as if this section had not been passed. (6) On the trial of an accused person who has withdrawn his admission of guilt, the court shall not permit any evidence to be led or any cross-examination of such accused person in any way relating to his Admission of Guilt Form. (7) (a) If payment of the fine imposed has not been made in accordance with the terms of the security given under paragraph (c) (ii) of subsection (1), the property so deposited may be sold and the fine paid out of the proceeds of such sale. (b) If the sum of money deposited under paragraph (c) (i) of subsection (1) or the proceeds of a sale of property effected under paragraph (a) of this subsection be not sufficient to pay the fine imposed the balance of the fine remaining due shall be recovered from the convicted person in the manner provided by section three hundred and eight. (c) Any balance remaining of the sum of money deposited under paragraph (c) (i) of subsection (1) or of the proceeds of a sale of property effected under paragraph (a) of this subsection after the deduction of the amount of any fine imposed shall be paid over to the accused person, and, in any case where no fine is imposed, the whole of such sum shall be paid over or the property deposited shall be returned to the accused person. (d) Where an accused person in respect of whom a summons has been issued in accordance with paragraph (c) of subsection (5) is not found and is not served with the summons as aforesaid within twenty-eight days from the date of issue of the summons, the court shall, upon the application of the person having custody of the money or security deposited, order the sum of money deposited under paragraph (c) (i) of subsection (1) or the property deposited by way of security under paragraph (c) (ii) of subsection (1) to be forfeited and, in the case of property deposited as aforesaid, to be sold. (8) For the purposes of this section, the "prescribed officer" shall be any police officer of or above the rank of Sub-Inspector and "fixed day"

means the day stated in the Admission of Guilt Form for the appearance of the accused before the court. (9) (a) Subject to the provisions of paragraph (b), no punishment other than a fine shall be imposed on any person convicted under this section. (b) Where an accused person is, under the provisions of this section, Cap. 464 convicted of an offence under the Roads and Road Traffic Act, the court may, in addition to any fine imposed, exercise the powers of suspension, cancellation, disqualifying and endorsement conferred upon courts by the said Act. (c) Any fee paid into court, under paragraph (b), as a fine, in respect Cap. 464 of a road traffic offence under the Roads and Road Traffic Act, shall be paid into the general revenues of the Republic. (10) The provisions of this section shall not apply(a) where the accused person is a juvenile within the meaning of the Cap. 53 Juveniles Act; or (b) in respect of such offences or classes of offence as the Chief Justice may specify by statutory notice. (No. 16 of 1959 as amended by No. 2 of 1960, No. 27 of 1964, No. 6 of 1972, Act No. 13 of 1994 and Act No. 5 of 1997) PART VII PROVISIONS RELATING TO THE COMMITTAL OF ACCUSED PERSONS FOR TRIAL BEFORE THE HIGH COURT Preliminary Inquiry by Subordinate Courts 222. Any magistrate empowered to hold a subordinate court of the first, second or third class may commit any person for trial to the High Court. 223. (1) Whenever any charge has been brought against any person of
Power to commit for trial

Court to hold preliminary inquiry

an offence not triable by a subordinate court, or as to which the High Court has given an order or direction under section ten or eleven, or as to which the subordinate court is of opinion that it is not suitable to be disposed of upon summary trial, a preliminary inquiry shall be held, according to the provisions hereinafter contained, by a subordinate court, locally and otherwise competent. (2) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Code or any other written law, any person who could have been joined in one charge under section one hundred and twenty-seven B with a person who has been committed to the High Court for trial, but was not so joined, may be joined in an information by the Director of Public Prosecutions(a) if such person could not be found before the completion of the preliminary inquiry held under this Part; or (b) it is discovered after the completion of the preliminary inquiry that such person could have been joined in the charge brought against the person so committed. (3) A copy of the information referred to in subsection (3) signed by the Director of Public Prosecutions shall be sufficient authority for any subordinate court before which such other person or persons appear or have appeared to discontinue any proceedings in respect of such person and to either admit them to bail or send them to prison for safe-keeping until the trial before the High Court. (4) Where any person has been joined in an information under subsection (3) the prosecution shall, not less than twenty-one clear days before the date fixed for trial of the case, furnish to him or to his legal practitioner(a) if his co-accused was committed under section two hundred and nine, a copy of the depositions taken in respect of his co-accused together with a copy of the statements of any additional evidence which it is intended to adduce at the trial whether from witnesses who appeared at the preliminary inquiry or from further witnesses; (b) if his co-accused was committed under section two hundred and thirty-one C, a list of the persons whom it is intended to call as witnesses for the prosecution at the trial and a statement of the evidence of each

witness which it is intended to adduce at the trial; (c) in either of the cases mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b), and if so requested, a translation of the depositions or statements in a language which such person appears to understand: Provided that the Court may, upon such conditions as it may determine, permit the prosecution to call a witness, whose name does not appear as a deponent or witness, to give evidence. (As amended by Act No. 6 of 1972) 224. (1) When the accused person charged with an offence referred to Depositions in the last preceding section comes before a subordinate court, on summons or warrant or otherwise, the court shall cause the charge to be read over to the accused person, and shall, in his presence, take down in writing, or cause to be so taken down, the statements on oath of those who know the facts and circumstances of the case. Statements of witnesses so taken down in writing are termed depositions. (2) The accused person may put questions to each witness produced against him, and the answer of the witness thereto shall form part of such witness's depositions. (3) If the accused person does not employ an advocate, the court shall, at the close of the examination of each witness for the prosecution, as the accused person whether he wishes to put any questions to that witness. (4) The deposition of each witness shall be read over to such witness, and shall be signed by him and by the magistrate holding the inquiry. 225. At any preliminary inquiry under this Part, any document, purporting to be a report under the hand of a medical officer or a Government analyst upon any examination or analysis carried out by him, shall, if it bears his signature, be admitted in evidence, unless the court shall have reason to doubt the genuineness of such signature. 226. No objection to a charge, summons or warrant for defect in substance or in form, or for variance between it and the evidence of the
How certain documents proved

Variance between evidence and charge

prosecution, shall be allowed; but, if any variance appears to the court to be such that the accused person has been thereby deceived or misled, the court may, on the application of the accused person, adjourn the inquiry, and allow any witness to be recalled, and such questions to be put to him as, by reason of the terms of the charge, may have been omitted.
Remand 227. (1) If, from the absence of witnesses or any other reasonable cause, to be recorded in the proceedings, the court considers it necessary or advisable to adjourn the inquiry, the court may, from time to time, by warrant, remand the accused for a reasonable time, not exceeding fifteen days at any one time, to some prison or other place of security. Or, if the remand is for not more than three days, the court may, by word of mouth, order the officer or person in whose custody the accused person is, or any other fit officer or person, to continue to keep the accused in his custody, and to bring him up at the time appointed for the commencement or continuance of the inquiry.

(2) During a remand the court may, at any time, order the accused to be brought before it. (3) The court may, on a remand, admit the accused to bail. 228. (1) If, after examination of the witnesses called on behalf of the prosecution, the court considers that, on the evidence as it stands, there are sufficient grounds for committing the accused for trial, the magistrate shall frame a charge under his hand declaring with what offence or offences the accused is charged and shall read the charge to the accused person and explain the nature thereof to him in simple language and address to him the following words or words to the like effect: "This is not your trial. You will be tried later on in another court and before another Judge, where all the witnesses you have heard here will be produced and you will be allowed to question them. You will then be able to make any statement you may wish or to give evidence on oath and to call any witnesses on your own behalf. Unless you wish to reserve your defence, which you are at liberty to do, you may now either make a statement not on oath or give evidence on oath, and may call witnesses on your behalf. If you give evidence on oath you will be liable to cross-examination. Anything you may say whether on oath or not will be taken down and may be used in evidence at your trial."
Provisions as to taking statement or evidence of accused person

(2) Before the accused person makes any statement in answer to the charge, or gives evidence, as the case may be, the magistrate shall state to him and give him clearly to understand that he has nothing to hope from any promise of favour and nothing to fear from any threat which may have been held out to him to induce him to make any admission or confession of his guilt, but that whatsoever he then says may be given in evidence on his trial notwithstanding the promise or threat. (3) Everything which the accused person says, either by way of statement or evidence, shall be recorded in full and shall be shown or read over to him, and he shall be at liberty to explain or add to anything contained in the record thereof. (4) When the whole is made conformable to what he declares is the truth, the record thereof shall be attested by the magistrate, who shall certify that such statement or evidence was taken in his presence and hearing and contains accurately the whole statement made, or evidence given, as the case may be, by the accused person. The accused person shall sign or attest by his mark such record. If he refuses, the court shall add a note of his refusal, and the record may be used as if he had signed or attested it. (No. 28 of 1940)
Evidence and 229. (1) Immediately after complying with the requirements of the address in defence preceding section relating to the statement or evidence of the accused person, and whether the accused person has or has not made a statement or given evidence, the court shall ask him whether he desires to call witnesses on his own behalf.

(2) The court shall take the evidence of any witnesses called by the accused person in like manner as in the case of the witnesses for the prosecution, and every such witness, not being merely a witness to the character of the accused person, shall, if the court be of opinion that his evidence is in any way material to the case, be bound by recognizance to appear and give evidence at the trial of such accused person. (3) If the accused person states that he has witnesses to call, but that they are not present in court, and the court is satisfied that the absence of such witnesses is not due to any fault or neglect of the accused person, and that there is a likelihood that they could, if present, give material

evidence on behalf of the accused person, the court may adjourn the inquiry and issue process, or take other steps, to compel the attendance of such witnesses and, on their attendance, shall take their depositions and bind them by recognizance in the same manner as witnesses under subsection (2). (4) (a) In any preliminary inquiry under this Part the accused person or his advocate shall be at liberty to address the court(i) after the examination of the witnesses called on behalf of the prosecution; (ii) if no witnesses for the defence are to be called, immediately after the statement or evidence of the accused person; (iii) if the accused person elects-

A. to give evidence or to make a statement and witnesses for the defence are to be called; or B. not to give evidence or to make a statement, but to call witnesses; immediately after the evidence of such witnesses. (b) If the accused person or his advocate addresses the court in accordance with the provisions of sub-paragraph (i) or (iii) of paragraph (a), the prosecution shall have the right of reply. (5) Where the accused person reserves his defence, or at the conclusion of any statement in answer to the charge, or evidence in defence, as the case may be, the court shall ask him whether he intends to call witnesses at the trial, other than those, if any, whose evidence has been taken under the provisions of this section, and, if so, whether he desires to give their names and addresses so that they may be summoned. The court shall thereupon record the names and addresses of any such witnesses whom he may mention. (No. 28 of 1940) 230. If, at the close of the case for the prosecution or after hearing any Discharge of accused person evidence in defence, the court considers that the evidence against the accused person is not sufficient to put him on his trial, the court shall forthwith order him to be discharged as to the particular charge under

inquiry; but such discharge shall not be a bar to any subsequent charge in respect of the same facts: Provided always that nothing contained in this section shall prevent the court from either forthwith, or after such adjournment of the inquiry as may seem expedient in the interests of justice, proceeding to investigate any other charge upon which the accused person may have been summoned or otherwise brought before it, or which, in the course of the charge so dismissed as aforesaid, it may appear that the accused person has committed. (No. 28 of 1940) 231. (1) If the court considers the evidence sufficient to put the accused Committal for trial person on his trial, the court shall commit him for trial to the High Court and, except in the case of a corporation, shall, until the trial, either admit him to bail or send him to prison for safe-keeping. The warrant of such first-named court shall be sufficient authority to the officer in charge of any prison appointed for the custody of prisoners committed for trial, although out of the jurisdiction of such court. (2) The order of committal shall state that such person is committed for trial to a Sessions of the High Court to be held in the Province in which such subordinate court is situate. (As amended by No. 76 of 1965 and No. 38 of 1969)
Summary 232. If, at the close of or during the inquiry, it shall appear to the subordinate court that the offence is of such a nature that it may suitably adjudication be dealt with under the powers possessed by the court, the court may, subject to the provisions of Part VI, hear and finally determine the matter, and either convict the accused person or dismiss the charge:

Provided that, in every such case, the accused shall be entitled to have recalled for cross-examination all witnesses for the prosecution whom he has not already cross-examined.
Complainant and 233. (1) A subordinate court conducting a preliminary inquiry shall bind by recognizance, with or without surety or sureties, as it may deem witnesses to be bound over requisite, the complainant and every witness, to appear in the event of the accused person being committed for trial before the High Court, at such trial to give evidence, and also to appear, if required, at any further

examination concerning the charge which may be held by direction of the Director of Public Prosecutions. (2) A recognizance under this section shall not be estreated unless the High Court is satisfied that the person bound has been informed of the date of the Sessions in which the accused person comes before the High Court for trial. (No. 5 of 1962 as amended by S.I. No. 63 of 1964 and No. 38 of 1969) 234. If a person refuses to enter into the recognizance referred to in the Refusal to be bound over last preceding section, the court may commit him to prison or into the custody of any officer of the court there to remain until after the trial, unless, in the meantime, he enters into a recognizance. But, if afterwards, from want of sufficient evidence or other cause, the accused is discharged, the court shall order that the person imprisoned for so refusing be also discharged. 235. A person who has been committed for trial before the High Court Accused person entitled to copy of shall be entitled, at any time before the trial, to have a copy of the depositions depositions, on payment of a reasonable sum, not exceeding five ngwee for every hundred words, or, if the court thinks fit, without payment. The court shall, at the time of committing him for trial, inform the accused person of the effect of this provision. 236. (1) Where any person, charged before a subordinate court with an Binding over of witnesses offence triable upon information before the High Court, is committed conditionally for trial, and it appears to such subordinate court, after taking into account anything which may be said with reference thereto by the accused or the prosecutor, that the attendance at the trial of any witness who has been examined before it is unnecessary, by reason of anything contained in any statement by the accused person, or of the evidence of the witness being merely of a formal nature, the subordinate court shall, if the witness has not already been bound over, bind him over to attend the trial conditionally upon notice given to him and not otherwise, or shall, if the witness has already been bound over, direct that he shall be treated as having been bound over to attend only conditionally as aforesaid, and shall transmit to the High Court a statement in writing of the names, addresses and occupations of the witnesses who are, or who are to be treated as having been, bound over to attend the trial conditionally.

(2) Where a witness has been, or is to be treated as having been, bound over conditionally to attend the trial, the Director of Public Prosecutions or the person committed for trial may give notice, at any time before the opening of the Sessions of the High Court, to the committing subordinate court, and, at any time thereafter, to the Registrar, that he desires the witness to attend at the trial, and any such court or Registrar to whom any such notice is given shall forthwith notify the witness that he is required so to attend in pursuance of his recognizance. The subordinate court shall, on committing the accused person for trial, inform him of his right to require the attendance at the trial of any such witness as aforesaid, and of the steps which he must take for the purpose of enforcing such attendance. (3) Any documents or articles produced in evidence before the subordinate court by any witness whose attendance at the trial is stated to be unnecessary, in accordance with the provisions of this section, and marked as exhibits shall, unless, in any particular case, the subordinate court otherwise orders, be retained by the subordinate court and forwarded with the depositions to the Registrar. (As amended by No. 28 of 1940 and S.I. No. 63 of 1964) Preservation of Testimony in Certain Cases 237. Whenever it appears to any magistrate that any person dangerously ill or hurt and not likely to recover is able and willing to give material evidence relating to any offence triable by the High Court, and it shall not be practicable to take the deposition, in accordance with the provisions of this Code, of the person so ill or hurt, such magistrate may take in and shall subscribe the same, and certify that it contains accurately the whole of the statement made by such person, and shall add a statement of his reason for taking the same, and of the date and place when and where the same was taken, and shall preserve such statement and file it for record.
Taking the depositions of persons dangerously ill

238. If the statement relates or is expected to relate to an offence for Notice to be given which any person is under a charge or committal for trial, reasonable notice of the intention to take the same shall be given to the prosecutor and the accused person, and, if the accused person is in custody, he may, and shall, if he so requests, be brought by the person in whose charge he is, under an order in writing of the magistrate, to the place where the statement is to be taken.

(As amended by No. 24 of 1950) 239. If the statement relates to an offence for which any person is then Transmission of statement or subsequently committed for trial, it shall be transmitted to the Registrar, and a copy thereof shall be transmitted to the Director of Public Prosecutions (As amended by S.I. No. 63 of 1964) 240. Such statement, so taken, may afterwards be used in evidence on Use of statement in the trial of any person accused of an offence to which the same relates, if evidence the person who made the statement be dead, or if the court is satisfied that, for any sufficient cause, his attendance cannot be procured, and if reasonable notice of the intention to take such statement was given to the person (whether prosecutor or accused person) against whom it is proposed to be read in evidence, and he had or might have had, if he had chosen to be present, full opportunity of cross-examining the person making the same. (As amended by No.24 of 1950) Proceedings after Committal for Trial 241. In the event of a committal for trial, the written charge, the depositions, the statement of the accused person, the recognizances of the complainant and of the witnesses, the recognizances of bail (if any) and all documents or things which have been tendered or put in evidence shall be transmitted without delay by the committing court to the Registrar, and an authenticated copy of the depositions and statement aforesaid shall be also transmitted to the Director of Public Prosecutions. (As amended by S.I. No. 63 of 1964) 242. If, after receipt of the authenticated copy of the depostions and statement provided for by the last preceding section, and before the trial before the High Court, the Director of Public Prosecutions shall be of opinion that further investigation is required before such trial, it shall be lawful for the Director of Public Prosecutions to direct that the original depositions be remitted to the court which committed the accused person for trial, and such court may, thereupon, reopen the case and deal with it, in all respects, as if such person had not been committed for trial as aforesaid; and, if the case be one which may suitably be dealt with
Power of Director of Public Prosecutions to direct further investigation Transmission of records to High Court and Director of Public Prosecutions

under the powers possessed by such court, it may, if thought expedient by the court, or if the Director of Public Prosecutions so directs, be so tried and determined accordingly. (As amended by S.I. No. 63 of 1964) 243. If, after receipt of the authenticated copy of the depositions and statement as aforesaid and before the trial before the High Court, the Director of Public Prosecutions shall be of opinion that there is, in any case committed for trial, any material or necessary witness for the prosecution or the defence who has not been bound over to give evidence on the trial of the case, the Director of Public Prosecutions may require the subordinate court which committed the accused person for trial to take the depositions of such witness and compel his attendance either by summons or by warrant as herein before provided. (No. 28 of 1940 as amended by S.I. No. 63 of 1964.) 244. (1) If, before the trial before the High Court, the Director of Public Prosecutions is of opinion, upon the record of the committal proceedings received by him, that the case is one which may suitably be tried by a subordinate court, he may cause the depositions to be returned to the court which committed the accused, and thereupon the case shall be tried and determined in the same manner as if such person had not been committed for trial. (2) Where depositions are returned under the provisions of subsection (1), the Director of Public Prosecutions may direct that the person concerned shall be tried on the charge in respect of which he was committed, if such charge is within the competence of the subordinate court concerned, or upon such other charge within such competence as the Director of Public Prosecutions may specify. (No. 28 of 1940 as amended by No. 23 of 1960 and S.I. No. 63 of 1964) 245. (1) If, after the receipt of the authenticated copy of the depositions Filing of as aforesaid, the Director of Public Prosecutions shall be of the opinion information that the case is one which should be tried upon information before the High Court, an information shall be drawn up in accordance with the provisions of this Code, and, when signed by the Director of Public Prosecutions, shall be filed in the registry of the High Court.
Return of depositions with a view to summary trial Powers of Director of Public Prosecutions as to additional witnesses

(2) In such information the Director of Public Prosecutions may charge the accused person with any offences which, in his opinion, are disclosed by the depositions either in addition to, or in substitution for, the offences upon which the accused person has been committed for trial. (3) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Code or any other written law, any person who could have been joined in one charge under section one hundred and thirty-six with a person who has been committed to the High Court for trial, but was not so joined, may be joined in an information by the Director of Public Prosecutions(a) if such person could not be found before the completion of the preliminary inquiry held under this Part; or (b) if it is discovered after the completion of the preliminary inquiry that such person could have been joined in the charge brought against the person so committed. (4) A copy of the information referred to in subsection (3) signed by the Director of Public Prosecutions shall be sufficient authority for any subordinate court before which such other person or persons appear or have appeared to discontinue any proceedings in respect of such persons and either to admit them to bail or send them to prison for safe-keeping until the trial before the High Court. (5) Where any person has been joined in an information under subsection (3) the prosecution shall, not less than twenty-one clear days before the date fixed for trial of the case, furnish to him or to his legal practitioner(a) if his co-accused was committed under section two hundred and thirty-one, a copy of the depositions taken in respect of his co-accused together with a copy of the statements of any additional evidence which it is intended to adduce at the trial, whether from witnesses who appeared at the preliminary inquiry or from further witnesses; (b) if his co-accused was committed under section two hundred and fifty-five, a list of the persons whom it is intended to call as witnesses for the prosecution at the trial and a statement of the evidence of each witness which it is intended to adduce at the trial;

(c) in either of the cases mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b), and if so requested, a translation of the depositions or statements in a language which such person appears to understand: Provided that the High Court may, upon such conditions as it may determine, permit the prosecution to call a witness, whose name does not appear as a deponent or witness, to give evidence. (As amended by No. 28 of 1940, S.I. No. 63 of 1964 and No. 6 of 1972) 246. (1) The period within which the Director of Public Prosecutions Time in which may file an information under the provisions of this Code shall be one information to be filed month from the date of receipt by him of the authenticated copy of the depositions and other documents referred to in section two hundred and forty-one. (2) The Director of Public Prosecutions shall inform the High Court and the person committed of the date of receipt aforesaid. (3) If the Director of Public Prosecutions has not within the period of one month aforesaid exercised his powers under section two hundred and forty-two or two hundred and forty-four or filed an information, the High Court may of its own motion, and shall upon the application of the person committed, discharge such person unless the High Court sees fit to extend the time for filing an information. (4) Where the High Court has extended the period for filing an information and the Director of Public Prosecutions does not file an information within the period so extended, the High Court may of its own motion, and shall upon the application of the person committed, discharge such person. (No. 38 of 1969) 247. The Registrar or the Clerk of Sessions appointed under subsection Notice of trial. (3) of section nineteen of the High Court Act shall endorse on or annex Cap. 27 to every information filed as aforesaid, and to every copy thereof delivered to the officer of the court or police officer for service thereof, a notice of trial, which notice shall specify the particular Sessions of the High Court at which the accused person is to be tried on the said information, and shall be in the following form, or as near thereto as

may be: "A.B. Take notice that you will be tried on the information whereof this is a true copy at the Sessions of the High Court to be held at ............ on the ........... day of ............... 19 ....." (As amended by No. 5 of 1962) 248. The Registrar shall deliver or cause to be delivered to the officer of the court or police officer serving the information a copy thereof with the notice of trial endorsed on the same or annexed thereto, and, if there are more accused persons committed for trial than one, then as many copies as there are such accused persons; and the officer of the court or police officer aforesaid shall, as soon as may be after having received the copy or copies of the information and notice or notices of trial, and three days at least before the day specified therein for trial, by himself or his deputy or other officer, deliver to the accused person or persons committed for trial the said copy or copies of the information and notice or notices, and explain to him or them the nature and exigency thereof; and, when any accused person shall have been admitted to bail and cannot readily be found, he shall leave a copy of the said information and notice of trial with someone of his household for him at his dwelling-house, or with someone of his bail for him, and, if none such can be found, shall affix the said copy and notice to the outer or principal door of the dwellinghouse or dwelling-houses of the accused person or of any of his bail: Provided always that nothing herein contained shall prevent any person committed for trial, and in custody at the opening of or during any Sessions of the High Court, from being tried thereat, if he shall express his assent to be so tried and no special objection be made thereto on the part of the Director of Public Prosecutions. (As amended by S.I. No. 63 of 1964)
Return of service 249. The officer serving the copy or copies of the information and notice or notices of trial shall forthwith make to the Registrar a return of the mode of service thereof. Copy of information and notice of trial to be served

250. (1) It shall be lawful for the High Court, upon the application of Postponement of trial the prosecutor or the accused person if it considers that there is sufficient cause for the delay, to postpone the trial of any accused person

to the next Sessions of the court held in the district, or at some other convenient place, or to a subsequent Sessions, and to respite the recognizances of the complainant and witnesses, in which case the respited recognizances shall have the same force and effect as fresh recognizances to prosecute and give evidence at such subsequent Sessions would have had. (2) The High Court may give such directions for the amendment of the information and the service of any notices which the court may deem necessary in consequence of any order made under subsection (1). (As amended by No. 28 of 1940) Rules as to Informations by the Director of Public Prosecutions 251. All informations drawn up in pursuance of section two hundred and forty-five shall be in the name of and (subject to the provisions of section eighty-two) signed by the Director of Public Prosecutions. (As amended by S.I. No. 63 of 1964) 252. Every information shall bear date of the day when the same is signed, and, with such modifications as shall be necessary to adapt it to the circumstances of each case, may commence in the following form: In the High Court for Zambia The day of 19
Form of information Informations by Director of Public Prosecutions

At the Sessions holden at on the day of , 19 , the Court is informed by the Director of Public Prosecutions on behalf of the People that A.B. is charged with the following offence (or offences). (As amended by S.I. No. 63 of 1964)

PART VIII
(No. 27 of 1964)

SUMMARY COMMITTAL PROCEDURE FOR TRIAL OF ACCUSED PERSON BEFORE THE HIGH COURT

253. In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires"summary procedure case" means any case certified under the provisions of this Part as a proper case for trial before the High Court after summary committal procedure. 254. Notwithstanding anything contained in Part VII, in any case where a person is charged with an offence not triable by a subordinate court, the Director of Public Prosecutions may issue a certificate in writing that the case is a proper one for trial by the High Court as a summary procedure case and such case shall, upon production to a subordinate court of such certificate, be dealt with by the subordinate court in accordance with the provisions of this Part. (As amended by S.I. No. 63 of 1964) 255. No such preliminary inquiry as is referred to in Part VII shall be held in respect of any case in which the Director of Public Prosecutions has issued and the prosecutor has produced to a subordinate court a certificate issued under the provisions of section two hundred and fifty-four, but the subordinate court before whom the accused person is brought shall, upon production of such certificate, and whether or not a preliminary inquiry has already been commenced, forthwith commit the accused person for trial before the High Court upon such charge or charges as may be designated in the certificate. (As amended by S.I. No. 63 of 1964)

Interpretation

Certifying of case as a summary procedure case

No preliminary inquiry in summary procedure case

256. Upon the committal of the accused person for trial in a summary Record to be forwarded procedure case, the record of the proceedings, including, in any case where a preliminary inquiry has been commenced, any depositions taken and any exhibits produced, shall be transmitted without delay by the committing court to the Registrar, and an authenticated copy of the record shall also be transmitted to the Director of Public Prosecutions. (As amended by S.I. No. 63 of 1964) 257. (1) The Director of Public Prosecutions may, after receipt of the Filing of an information authenticated copy of the record in a summary procedure case as aforesaid, draw up and sign an information in accordance with the provisions of this Code, which shall be filed in the Registry of the High Court.

(2) In such information the Director of Public Prosecutions may alter or redraft the charge or charges against the accused person or frame an additional charge or charges against him. (3) The provisions of sections two hundred and forty-seven to two hundred and fifty-two inclusive, shall apply mutatis mutandis to an information filed under the provisions of this section as they do to an information filed under the provisions of section two hundred and forty-five. (As amended by S.I. No. 63 of 1964)
Statements, etc., to 258. In every summary procedure case in which an information has been filed under the provisions of section two hundred and fifty-seven, be supplied to the accused the prosecution shall, not less than fourteen clear days before the date fixed for the trial of the case, furnish to the accused person or his legal practitioner, if any, and to the Registrar a list of the persons whom it is intended to call as witnesses for the prosecution at the trial and a statement of the evidence of each witness which it is intended to adduce at the trial:

Provided that the Court may, upon such conditions as it may determine, permit the prosecution to call a witness whose name does not appear on the said list, to give evidence. (As amended by Act 30 of 1976) 259. (1) The affidavit of a medical officer or other medical witness, attested before a magistrate, may be read as evidence although the deponent is not called as a witness.
Affidavit of medical witness may be read as evidence

(2) The Court may, if it thinks fit, summon and examine such deponent as to the subject-matter of his affidavit. PART IX PROCEDURE IN TRIALS BEFORE THE HIGH COURT Practice and Mode of Trial

260. The practice of the High Court, in its criminal jurisdiction, shall be assimilated, as nearly as circumstances will admit, to the practice of Her Britannic Majesty's High Court of Justice in its criminal jurisdiction and of Courts of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery in England. (As amended by S.I. No. 63 of 1964)

Practice of High Court in its criminal jurisdiction

Trials before High 261. All trials before the High Court shall be held before a Judge sitting alone, or before a Judge with the aid of assessors (if the presiding Court Judge so decides), the number of whom shall be two or more as the court thinks fit.

List of Assessors 262. Magistrates shall, before the 1st March in each year, and subject to such rules as the Chief Justice may, from time to time, prescribe, prepare lists of suitable persons in their districts liable to serve as assessors. (As amended by No. 2 of 1960 and S.I. No. 63 of 1964) 263. Subject to the exemptions in the next succeeding section contained, all male persons between the ages of twenty-one and sixty shall be liable to serve as assessors: Provided that the Chief Justice may, from time to time, make rules regulating the area within which a person may be summoned to serve. (As amended by No. 2 of 1960) 264. The following persons are exempt from liability to serve as assessors, save with their own consent, namely: (a) (b) all Government officers; Members of the National Assembly;
Exemptions Liability to serve Preparation of list of assessors

(c) persons actively discharging the duties of priests or ministers of their respective religions: (d) physicians, surgeons, dentists and apothecaries in actual practice;

(e) (f) (g) (h)

legal practitioners in actual practice; officers and others in the Defence Force on full pay; persons disabled by mental or bodily infirmity; persons exempted by the High Court.

(As amended by G.N. No. 303 of 1964 and S.I. No. 63 of 1964) 265. (1) When the lists aforesaid have been prepared, extracts therefrom containing the names of the persons liable to serve as assessors, residing in each district, shall be posted for public inspection at the Court House of such district. (2) To every such extract shall be subjoined a notice stating that objections to the list will be heard and determined by a magistrate of the district, at a time and place to be mentioned in such notice. 266. (1) Every magistrate shall, at the time and place mentioned in the Revision of list notice relating to his district, revise the list and hear the objections (if any) of persons interested in the amendment thereof, and shall strike out the name of any person not suitable, in his judgment, to serve as an assessor, or who may establish his right to any exemption from service given by section two hundred and sixty-four, and insert the name of any person omitted from the list whom he deems qualified for such service. (2) A copy of the revised list shall be signed by the magistrate and sent to the Registrar. (3) Any order of the magistrate as aforesaid, in preparing and revising the list, shall be final. (4) Any exemption not claimed under this section shall be deemed to be waived, until the list is next revised. (5) The list, so prepared and revised, shall be again revised once in every year.
Publication of list

(6) If any person suitable to serve as an assessor shall be found in any district after the list has been settled, his name may be added to the list by a magistrate of that district, and he shall be liable to serve. Attendance of Assessors
Summoning 267. (1) The Registrar shall ordinarily, seven days at least before the day which from time to time may be fixed for holding a Sessions of the assessors High Court, send a letter to a magistrate of the district in which such Sessions are to be held, requesting him to summon as many persons as seem to the Judge who is to preside at the Sessions to be needed at the said Sessions.

(2) The magistrate shall, thereupon, summon such number of assessors, excluding those who have served within six months, unless the number cannot be made up without them. 268. Every summons to an assessor shall be in writing, and shall require his attendance at a time and place to be therein specified.
Form of summons

269. The High Court may, for reasonable cause, excuse any assessor Excuses from attendance at any particular Sessions, and may, if it shall think fit, at the conclusion of any trial, direct that the assessors who have served at such trial shall not be summoned to serve again for a period of twelve months. 270. (1) At each Sessions, the Registrar shall cause to be made a list of List of assessors the names of those who have attended as assessors at such Sessions, and attending such list shall be kept with the list of the assessors as revised under section two hundred and sixty-six. (2) A reference shall be made, in the margin of the said revised list, to each of the names which are mentioned in the list prepared under this section. (As amended by No. 5 of 1962) 271. (1) Any person summoned to attend as an assessor who, without lawful excuse, fails to attend as required by the summons, or who,
Penalty for non-attendance of assessor

having attended, departs without having obtained the permission of the High Court, or fails to attend after adjournment of the court, after being ordered to attend, shall be liable, by order of the High Court, to a fine not exceeding fifty kwacha. (2) Such punishment may be inflicted summarily, on an order to that effect, by the High Court, and any fine imposed shall be recoverable by distress and sale of the real and personal property of the person fined, by warrant of distress to be signed by the Registrar; and such warrant shall be issued by the Registrar, without further order of the High Court, if the fine is not paid within six days of its having come to the knowledge of the person fined, by notice or otherwise, that the fine has been imposed: Provided that it shall be lawful for the High Court, if it shall see fit, to remit any fine, or any portion of such fine, so imposed. (3) The Registrar shall send notice of the imposition of such fine to any person so fined in his absence, requiring him to pay the fine or to show cause before the High Court, within four days, for not paying the same. (4) In default of recovery of the fine by distress and sale, the person fined may, by order of the High Court, be imprisoned for a term of twenty-one days, if the fine be not sooner paid. Arraignment
Pleading to 272. The accused person to be tried before the High Court, upon an information, shall be placed at the bar unfettered, unless the court shall information see cause otherwise to order, and the information shall be read over to him by the Registrar or other officer of the court, and explained, if need be, by that officer, or interpreted by the interpreter of the court, and such accused person shall be required to plead instantly thereto, unless, where the accused person is entitled to service of a copy of the information, he shall object to the want of such service, and the court shall find that he has not been duly served therewith.

273. (1) Every objection to any information, for any formal defect on the face thereof, shall be taken immediately after the information has been read over to the accused person, and not later.

Orders for amendment of information, separate trial, and postponement of

trial

(2) Where, before a trial upon information or at any stage of such trial, it appears to the court that the information is defective, the court shall make such order for the amendment of the information as the court thinks necessary to meet the circumstances of the case, unless, having regard to the merits of the case, the required amendments cannot be made without injustice. All such amendments shall be made upon such terms as to the court shall seem just. (3) Where an information is so amended, a note of the order for amendment shall be endorsed on the information, and the information shall be treated, for the purposes of all proceedings in connection therewith, as having been filed in the amended form. (4) Where, before a trial upon information or at any stage of such trial, the court is of opinion that the accused may be prejudiced or embarrassed in his defence, by reason of being charged with more than one offence in the same information, or that, for any other reason, it is desirable to direct that the accused should be tried separately for any one or more offences charged in an information, the court may order a separate trial of any count or counts of such information. (5) Where, before a trial upon information or at any stage of such trial, the court is of opinion that the postponement of the trial of the accused is expedient, as a consequence of the exercise of any power of the court under this Code, the court shall make such order as to the postponement of the trial as appears necessary. (6) Where an order of the court is made under this section for a separate trial or for postponement of a trial(a) the court may order that the assessors are to be discharged from giving opinions on the count or counts, the trial of which is postponed, or on the information, as the case may be; and (b) the procedure on the separate trial of a count shall be the same, in all respects, as if the count had been found in a separate information, and the procedure on the postponed trial shall be the same, in all respects (if the assessors, if any, have been discharged), as if the trial had not commerced; and

(c) the court may make such order as to admitting the accused to bail, and as to the enlargement of recognizances and otherwise, as the court thinks fit (7) Any power of the court under this section shall be in addition to, and not in derogation of, any other power of the court for the same or similar purposes. 274. If an information does not state, and cannot, by any amendment Quashing of authorised by the last preceding section, be made to state, any offence of information which the accused has had notice, it shall be quashed, either on a motion made before the accused pleads, or on a motion made in arrest of judgment. A written statement of every such motion shall be delivered to the Registrar or other officer of the court by or on behalf of the accused, and shall be entered upon the record. 275. Where an information contains a count charging an accused person with having been previously convicted of any offence, the procedure shall be as follows: (a) The part of the information stating the previous conviction shall not be read out in court, nor shall the accused be asked whether he has been previously convicted as alleged in the information, unless and until he has either pleaded guilty to or been convicted of the subsequent offence; (b) If he pleads guilty to or is convicted of the subsequent offence, he shall then be asked whether he has been previously convicted as alleged in the information; (c) If he answers that he has been so previously convicted, the Judge may proceed to pass sentence on him accordingly; but, if he denies that he has been so previously convicted, or refuses to or does not answer such question, the court shall then hear evidence concerning such previous conviction: Provided, however, that if, upon the trial of any person for any such subsequent offence, such person shall give evidence of his own good character, it shall be lawful for the advocate for the prosecution, in answer thereto, to give evidence of the conviction of such person for the previous offence or offences before he is convicted of such subsequent offence, and the court shall inquire concerning such previous conviction or convictions at the same time that it inquires concerning such
Procedure in case of previous convictions

subsequent offence.
Plea of "not guilty" 276. Every accused person, upon being arraigned upon any information, by pleading generally thereto the plea of "not guilty", shall, without further form, be deemed to have put himself upon his trial.

277. (1) Any accused person against whom an information is filed may Plea of autrefois acquit and plead(a) that he has been previously convicted or acquitted, as the case may be, of the same offence; or (b) that he has been granted a pardon for his offence.

autrefois convict

(2) If either of such pleas are pleaded in any case and denied to be true in fact, the court shall try whether such plea is true in fact or not. (3) If the court holds that the facts alleged by the accused do not prove the plea, or if it finds that it is false in fact, the accused shall be required to plead to the information. (As amended by G.N. No. 303 of 1964)
Refusal to plead 278. If an accused person, being arraigned upon any information, stands mute of malice, the court, if it thinks fit, shall order the Registrar or other officer of the court to enter a plea of "not guilty" on behalf of such accused person, and the plea so entered shall have the same force and effect as if such accused person had actually pleaded the same.

(No. 11 of 1963) 279. If the accused pleads "guilty", the plea shall be recorded and he may be convicted thereon.
Plea of "guilty"

Proceedings after 280. If the accused pleads "not guilty", or if a plea of "not guilty" is plea of "not guilty" entered in accordance with the provisions of section two hundred and seventy-eight, the court shall proceed to choose assessors, as hereinafter directed (if the trial is to be held with assessors), and to try the case:

Provided that the same assessors may aid in the trial of as many accused persons successively, as the court thinks fit.
Power to postpone 281. (1) If, from the absence of witnesses or any other reasonable cause, to be recorded in the proceedings, the court considers it necessary or adjourn proceedings or advisable to postpone the commencement of or to adjourn any trial, the court may, from time to time, postpone or adjourn the same, on such terms as it thinks fit, for such time as it considers reasonable, and may, by warrant, remand the accused to some prison or other place of security.

(2) During a remand the court may, at any time, order the accused to be brought before it. (3) The court may, on a remand, admit the accused to bail. Selection of Assessors 282. When a trial is to be held with the aid of assessors, the court shall Selection of select two or more from the list of those summoned to serve as assessors assessors at the Sessions, as it deems fit. 283. (1) If, in the course of a trial with the aid of assessors, at any time Absence of an before the finding, any assessor is, from any sufficient cause, prevented assessor from attending throughout the trial, or absents himself, and it is not practicable immediately to enforce his attendance, the trial shall proceed with the aid of the other assessor or assessors. (2) If two or more of the assessors are prevented from attending, or absent themselves, the proceedings shall be stayed and a new trial shall be held with the aid of fresh assessors. 284. If the trial is adjourned, the assessors shall be required to attend at Assessors to attend the adjourned sitting, and at any subsequent sitting, until the conclusion at adjourned sittings of the trial. Case for the Prosecution

285. When the assessors have been chosen (if the trial is before a Judge Opening of case for with the aid of assessors), the advocate for the prosecution shall open the prosecution case against the accused person, and shall call witnesses and adduce evidence in support of the charge. 286. No witness who has not given evidence at the preliminary inquiry Additional shall be called by the prosecution at any trial, unless the accused person witnesses for prosecution has received reasonable notice in writing of the intention to call such witness. The notice must state the witness's name and address and the substance of the evidence which he intends to give. The court shall determine what notice is reasonable, regard being had to the time when and the circumstances under which the prosecution became acquainted with the nature of the witness's evidence and determined to call him as a witness. No such notice need be given if the prosecution first became aware of the evidence which the witness could give on the day on which he is called. 287. The witnesses called for the prosecution shall be subject to cross-examination by the accused person or his advocate, and to re-examination by the advocate for the prosecution. 288. (1) Where any person has been committed for trial for any offence, the deposition of any person taken before the commiting subordinate court may, if the conditions set out in subsection (2) are satisfied, without further proof, be read as evidence on the trial of that person, whether for that offence or for any other offence arising out of the same transaction or set of circumstances as that offence. (2) The conditions referred to in subsection (1) are the following: (a) (i) The deposition must be the deposition either on a witness whose attendance at the trial is stated to be unnecessary in accordance with the provisions of section two hundred and thirty-six, of of a witness who is proved at the trial by oath of a credible witness to be absent from Zambia, or dead or insane, or so ill as not to be able to travel, or to be kept out of the way by means of the procurement of the accused or on his behalf; or
Cross-examination of witnesses for prosecution

Depositions may be read as evidence in certain cases

(ii)

the deposition must be the deposition of a witness who cannot be

found or is incapable of giving evidence, or of a witness whose presence cannot be obtained without an amount of delay or expense which, in the circumstances of the case, the court considers unreasonable: Provided that, before any such deposition as is referred to in this sub-paragraph is read, the court shall satisfy itself that the reading of such deposition will not unduly prejudice the accused. (b) It must be proved at the trial, either by a certificate purporting to be signed by the magistrate of the subordinate court before whom the deposition purports to have been taken, or by the clerk to such court, or by the oath of a credible witness, that the deposition was taken in the presence of the accused, and that the accused or his advocate had full opportunity of cross-examining the witness. (c) The deposition must purport to be signed by the magistrate of the subordinate court before whom it purports to have been taken: Provided that the provisions of this subsection shall not have effect in any case in which it is proved(i) that the deposition, or, where the proof required by paragraph (b) is given by means of a certificate, that the certificate was not in fact signed by the magistrate by whom it purports to have been signed; or (ii) where the deposition is that of a witness whose attendance at the trial is stated to be unnecessary as aforesaid, that the witness has been duly notified that he is required to attend the trial. (As amended by No. 28 of 1940) 289. (1) The deposition of a medical officer or other medical witness, taken and attested by a magistrate in the presence of the accused person, may be read as evidence, although the deponent is not called as a witness. (2) The court may, if it thinks fit, summon and examine such deponent as to the subject-matter of his deposition. (No. 28 of 1940) 290. Any statement or evidence of the accused person duly certified by Statement or
evidence of Deposition of medical witness may be read as evidence

the committing magistrate in the manner provided by subsection (4) of section two hundred and twenty-eight may, whether signed by the accused person or not, be given in evidence without further proof thereof, unless it is proved that the magistrate purporting to certify the same did not in fact certify it. (No. 28 of 1940)

accused

Close of case for 291. (1) When the evidence of the witnesses for the prosecution has prosecution been concluded, and the statement or evidence (if any) of the accused person before the committing court has been given in evidence, the court, if it considers that there is no evidence that the accused or any one of several accused committed the offence shall, after hearing, if necessary, any arguments which the advocate for the prosecution or the defence may desire to submit, record a finding.

(2) When the evidence of the witnesses for the prosecution has been concluded, and the statement or evidence (if any) of the accused person before the committing court has been given in evidence, the court, if it considers that there is evidence that the accused person or any one or more of several accused persons committed the offence, shall inform each such accused person, who is not represented by an advocate, of his right to address the court, either personally or by his advocate (if any), to give evidence on his own behalf, or to make an unsworn statement, and to call witnesses in his defence, and in all cases shall require him or his advocate (if any) to state whether it is intended to call any witnesses as to fact other than the accused person himself. Upon being informed thereof, the court shall record the same. If such accused person says that he does not mean to give evidence or make an unsworn statement, or to adduce evidence, then the advocate for the prosecution may sum up the case against such accused person. If such accused person says that he means to give evidence or make an unsworn statement, or to adduce evidence, the court shall call upon such accused person to enter upon his defence. (No. 28 of 1940 as amended by No. 50 of 1957) Case for the Defence 292. Unless the only witness to the facts of the case called by the defence is the accused, the accused person or his advocate may then open his case, stating the facts or law on which he intends to rely, and making such comments as he thinks necessary on the evidence for the
The defence

prosecution. The accused person may then give evidence on his own behalf, and he or his advocate may examine his witnesses, and, after their cross-examination and re-examination (if any), may sum up his case. 293. The accused person shall be allowed to examine any witness not Additional previously bound over to give evidence at the trial, if such witness is in witnesses for defence attendance, but he shall not be entitled, as of right, to have any witness summoned, other than the witnesses whom he named to the subordinate court committing him for trial, as witnesses whom he desired to be summoned. 294. If the accused person adduces evidence in his defence introducing Evidence in reply new matter which the advocate for the prosecution could not by the exercise of reasonable diligence have foreseen, the court may allow the advocate for the prosecution to adduce evidence in reply to contradict the said matter. (No. 28 of 1940) 295. If the accused person, or any one of several accused persons, adduces any evidence through any witness other than himself, the prosecutor shall be entitled to reply. (As amended by No. 16 of 1959) 296. If the accused person says that he does not mean to give or adduce Where accused person does not evidence, and the court considers that there is evidence that he give evidence committed the offence, the advocate for the prosecution may then sum up the case against the accused person, and the court shall then call on the accused person personally or by his advocate to address the court on his own behalf. (As amended by No. 50 of 1957) Close of Hearing 297. (1) When the case on both sides is closed, the Judge may sum up Delivery of the evidence for the prosecution and the defence, and shall (if the trial is opinions by assessors being held with the aid of assessors) then require each of the assessors to state orally his opinion whether the accused is guilty or not, and shall record such opinion.
Prosecutor's reply

(2) The Judge shall then give judgment, but, in so doing, shall not be bound to conform to the opinions of the assessors. (3) If the accused person is convicted, the Judge shall pass sentence on him according to law. (4) Nothing in this section shall be read as prohibiting the assessors, or any of them, from retiring to consider their opinions if they so wish or, during any such retirement or at any time during the trial, from consultation with one another. (As amended by No. 28 of 1940) Passing Sentence 298. (1) The accused person may, at any time before sentence, whether Motion in arrest of judgment on his plea of guilty or otherwise, move in arrest of judgment, on the ground that the information does not, after any amendment which the court is willing and has power to make, state any offence which the court has power to try. (2) The court may, in its discretion, either hear and determine the matter during the same sitting, or adjourn the hearing thereof to a future time to be fixed for that purpose. (3) If the court decides in favour of the accused, he shall be discharged from that information. 299. If no motion in arrest of judgment is made, or if the court decides Sentence against the accused person upon such motion, the court may sentence the accused person at any time during the Sessions. 300. The court before which any person is tried for an offence may reserve the giving of its final decision on questions raised at the trial, and its decision, whenever given, shall be considered as given at the time of trial.
Power to reserve decision on question raised at trial

Objections cured 301. No judgment shall be stayed or reversed on the ground of any by judgment objection which, if stated after the information was read over to the accused person, or during the progress of the trial, might have been amended by the court, nor for any informality in swearing the witnesses or any of them.

302. The court may, before passing sentence, receive such evidence as Evidence for arriving at proper it thinks fit, in order to inform itself as to the sentence proper to be sentence passed. PART X SENTENCES AND THEIR EXECUTION Sentence of Death 303. When any person is sentenced to death, the sentence shall direct that he shall be hanged by the neck till he is dead. 304. A certificate, under the hand of the Registrar or the clerk of the court, as the case may be, that sentence of death has been passed, and naming the person condemned, shall be sufficient authority for the detention of such person.
Sentence of death

Authority for detention

Record and report 305. (1) As soon as conveniently may be after sentence of death has to be sent to been pronounced by the High Court, if no appeal from the sentence is President preferred, or if such appeal is preferred and dismissed, then as soon as conveniently may be thereafter, the presiding Judge shall forward to the President a copy of the notes of evidence taken on the trial, with a report in writing signed by him containing any recommendation or observations on the case he may think fit to make.

(2) In any case where a sentence of death passed by a subordinate court shall be confirmed by the High Court, such subordinate court shall, on receipt of the confirmation of such sentence, inform the convicted person that he may appeal to the Court of Appeal as if he had been convicted on a trial before the High Court, and, if he wishes to appeal, inform him that his appeal must be preferred within fourteen days from the date on which he is given such information; and where no appeal

from such confirmation is preferred or, if preferred, is dismissed by the Court of Appeal, then as soon as conveniently may be after the expiration of the period of fourteen days as aforesaid or after the receipt of the order of the Court of Appeal dismissing the appeal, as the case may be, the Judge confirming the sentence shall transmit the record of the case or a certified copy thereof to the President with a report in writing signed by him containing any recommendation or observations on the case he may think fit to make.
Cap. 1 (3) After receiving the advice of the Advisory Committee on the Prerogative of Mercy on the case, in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution, the President shall communicate to the said Judge, or his successor in office, the terms of any decision to which he may come thereon, and such Judge shall cause the tenor and substance thereof to be entered in the records of the court.

(4) The President shall issue a death warrant, or an order for the sentence of death to be commuted, or a pardon, under his hand and the seal of the Republic, to give effect to the said decision. If the sentence of death is to be carried out, the warrant shall state the place where and the time when execution is to be had, and shall give directions as to the place of burial of the body of the person executed. If the sentence is commuted for any other punishment, the order shall specify that punishment. If the person sentenced is pardoned, the pardon shall state whether it is free, or to what conditions (if any) it is subject: Provided that the warrant may direct that the execution shall take place at such time and at such place, and that the body of the person executed shall be buried or cremated at such place, as shall be appointed by some officer specified in the warrant. (5) The warrant or order or pardon of the President shall be sufficient authority in law to all persons to whom the same is directed to execute the sentence of death or other punishment awarded, and to carry out the directions therein given in accordance with the terms thereof. (As amended by No. 14 of 1938, G.N. No. 303 of 1964 and S.I. No. 63 of 1964) 306. (1) Where a woman convicted of an offence punishable with death alleges that she is pregnant, or where the court before which a woman is so convicted thinks fit so to order, the question whether or not the
Procedure where woman convicted of capital offence alleges she is

woman is pregnant shall, before sentence is passed on her, be determined by the court. (2) The question whether such woman is pregnant or not shall be determined by the court on such evidence as may be laid before it either on the part of the woman or on the part of the prosecution, and the court shall find that the woman is not pregnant unless it is proved affirmatively to its satisfaction that she is pregnant. (3) Where, on proceedings under this section, a subordinate court finds that the woman in question is not pregnant, the woman may appeal to the High Court, and the High Court, if satisfied that for any reason the finding should be set aside, shall quash the sentence passed on her and, in lieu thereof, pass on her a sentence of imprisonment for life. (As amended by No. 28 of 1940) Other Sentences 306A. (1) A court may make an order for the community service where in the case of an adult, the offence is misdemeanour and is punishable with imprisonment. (2) Before making an order for community service, the court shall consider the report submitted by a superior police officer or other person or institution as the court may consider appropriate as regards the character, antecedents, home surroundings, health or mental condition of the offender, or to the nature of the offence, or to any extenuating circumstances in which the offence was committed. (3) Before making an order for community service, the court shall explain to the offender in the language the offender understands, the effect of the order and shall obtain the consent of the offender to perform community service and explain that where the offender fails to comply with the order the offender shall be liable to the term of imprisonment the court has imposed in respect of that offence. 306B. 1. An order for community service shall specify(a) the number of hours to be worked; (b) the days on which the work is to be performed; (c) the period of community service; (d) the place where the offender is to perform

pregnant

Court to make community service order

Insertions of new sections 306A, 306B, 306C, 306D and 306E

commuinty service; (e) that the offender shall, during the period of the community service, be under the supervision of an authorised officer; and (f) any other special terms and conditions of the order. (2) For the purposes of section three hundred and six A, this section and of section three hundred and six C"authorised police officer" has the meaning assigned to it in the Prison act; and "superior police officer" has the meaning assigned to it in the Zambia Police Act.

Contents of community service order

Cap. 97

306C. Upon making an order for community service, the Cap. 107 court shall order is made to report forthwith to an authorised officer in the area community service will be performed.
Offender to report to an authorised officer Failure of offender to comply with community service order

306D. (1) If at any one time during the community service period it appears to the court that the offender has failed to comply wiht the requirements of the community service order, the court may issue summons requiring the offender to appear at the place and time specified therein or may issue a warrent of arrest. (2) A summons or warrant shall direct the offender to appear or to be brought before the court by which the community service order was made. (3) If it is proved to the satisfaction of the court that the offender has failed to comply with any of the requirements of the community service order, the court may(a) vary the order to suit the circumstances of the case; (b) impose on the offender a fine not exceeding three hundred penalty units; or (c) cancel the order and send the offender is liable, subject nevertheless to a reduction of the number of days, if any, for which community service has already been performed.

306E. Where an offender has been ordered to undergo Commission community service on conviction by an original court but has of further offence been sentenced to imprisonment by a subsequent court for another offence committed during the period of community service, the following shall apply: (a) the subsequent court may add to the sentence imposed a further term of imprisonment which might have been passed by the original court and cancel the order of community service; (b) in making the sentence the subsequent court may take into account the period of community service served in reduction of the additional imprisonment; (c) where the original court was the High Court and the subsequent court is the subordinate court, the subordinate court shall send the copy of the proceedings to the High Court and on receipt, the High Court shall proceed under paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section; (d) where the original court was a subordinate court, and the subsequent court is the High Court dealing with the matter at first instance or an appeal or otherwise, the High Court shall proceed under paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section; (e) where both the original court and the subsequent court are subordinate courts, the subsequent court shall proceed under paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section; (f) where a subseqeunt court has convicted the offender of an offence, that court may pass the sentence other than imprisonment and order the offender to continue undergoing community service. (As amended by No. 13 of 2000)

307. A warrant under the hand of the Judge or magistrate by Warrant in case of whom any person shall be sentenced to imprisonment, ordering sentence of that the sentence shall be carried out in any prison within Zambia, imprisonment shall be issued by the sentencing Judge or magistrate, and shall be full authority to the officer in charge of such prison and to all other persons for carrying into effect the sentence described in such warrant, not being a sentence of death. (As amended by No. 28 of 1940 and No. 16 of 1959) 308. (1) When a court orders money to be paid by an accused person or Warrant for levy of fine, etc. by a prosecutor or complainant for fine, penalty, compensation, costs, expenses, or otherwise, the money may be levied on the movable and immovable property of the person ordered to pay the same, by distress and sale under warrant. If he shows sufficient movable property to satisfy the order, his immovable property shall not be sold. (2) Such person may pay or tender to the officer having the execution of the warrant the sum therein mentioned, together with the amount of the expenses of the distress up to the time of payment or tender, and, thereupon, the officer shall cease to execute the same. (3) A warrant under this section may be executed within the local limits of the jurisdiction of the court issuing the same, and it shall authorise the distress and sale of any property belonging to such person without such limits, when endorsed by a magistrate holding a subordinate court of the first or second class within the local limits of whose jurisdiction such property was found. 309. (1) Any person claiming to be entitled to have a legal or equitable Objections to attachment interest in the whole or part of any property attached in execution of a warrant issued under section three hundred and eight may, at any time prior to the receipt by the court of the proceeds of sale of such property, give notice in writing to the court of his objection to the attachment of such property. Such notice shall set out shortly the nature of the claim which such person (hereinafter in this section called "the objector") makes to the whole or part of the property attached, and shall certify the value of the property claimed by him. Such value shall be deposed to on affidavit which shall be filed with the notice. (2) Upon receipt of a valid notice given under subsection (1), the court

shall, by an order in writing addressed to the officer having the execution of the warrant, direct a stay of the execution proceedings. (3) Upon the issue of an order under subsection (2), the court shall, by notice in writing, direct the objector to appear before such court and establish his claim upon a date to be specified in the notice. (4) A notice shall be served upon the person whose property was, by the warrant issued under section three hundred and eight, directed to be attached and, unless the property is to be applied to the payment of a fine, upon the person entitled to the proceeds of the sale of such property. Such notice shall specify the time and place fixed for the appearance of the objector and shall direct the person upon whom the notice is served to appear before the court at the same time and place if he wishes to be heard upon the hearing of the objection. (5) Upon the date fixed for the hearing of the objection, the court shall investigate the claim and, for such purpose, may hear any evidence which the objector may give or adduce and any evidence given or adduced by any person served with a notice in accordance with subsection (4). (6) If, upon investigation of the claim, the court is satisfied that the property attached was not, when attached, in the possession of the person ordered to pay the money or of some person in trust for him, or in the occupancy of a tenant or other person paying rent to him, or that, being in the possession of the person ordered to pay the money at such time, it was so in his possession not on his own account or as his own property but on account of or in trust for some other person, or partly on his own account and partly on account of some other person, the court shall make an order releasing the property, wholly or to such extent as it thinks fit, from attachment. (7) If, upon the date fixed for his appearance, the objector fails to appear, or if, upon investigation of the claim in accordance with subsection (5), the court is of opinion that the objector has failed to establish his claim, the court shall order the attachment and execution to proceed and shall make such order as to costs as it deems proper. (8) Nothing in this section shall be deemed to deprive a person who has

failed to comply with the requirements of subsection (1) of the right to take any other proceedings which, apart from the provisions of this section, may lawfully be taken by a person claiming an interest in property attached under a warrant. (No. 28 of 1940) 310. (1) When a convicted person has been sentenced to a fine only and to imprisonment in default of payment of that fine, and whether or not a warrant of distress has been issued under section three hundred and eight, the court may, if it is satisfied that such fine cannot be immediately paid, allow the convicted person time to pay such fine. (2) When a court allows a convicted person time to pay a fine under this section, it shall make a note to that effect on the record of the case. (3) Where a convicted person is allowed time to pay a fine under this section, no warrant of commitment to prison in respect of the non-payment of such fine shall be issued until after the expiration of the time allowed for such payment. (No. 5 of 1962) 311. If the officer having the execution of a warrant of distress reports Commitment for want of distress that he could find no property, or not sufficient property, whereon to levy the money mentioned in the warrant with expenses, the court may, by the same or a subsequent warrant, commit the person ordered to pay to prison, for a time specified in the warrant, unless the money and all expenses of the distress, commitment and conveyance to prison, to be specified in the warrant, are sooner paid.
Commitment in 312. When it appears to the court that distress and sale of property lieu of distress would be ruinous to the person ordered to pay the money or to his family, or (by his confession or otherwise) that he has no property whereon the distress may be levied, or other sufficient reason appears to the court, the court may, if it thinks fit, instead of or after issuing a warrant of distress, commit him to prison for a time specified in the warrant, unless the money and all expenses of the commitment and conveyance to prison, to be specified in the warrant, are sooner paid. Suspension of execution of sentence of imprisonment in default of fine

313. Any person committed for non-payment may pay the sum mentioned in the warrant, with the amount of expenses therein

Payment in full after commitment

authorised (if any), to the person in whose custody he is, and that person shall, thereupon, discharge him, if he is in custody for no other matter. 314. (1) If any person committed to prison for non-payment shall pay Part payment after any sum in part satisfaction of the sum adjudged to be paid, the term of commitment his imprisonment shall be reduced by a number of days bearing, as nearly as possible, the same proportion to the total number of days for which such person is committed, as the sum so paid bears to the sum for which he is liable. (2) If any person committed to prison for default of sufficient distress shall pay any sum in part satisfaction thereof, or if any part of the fine is levied by process of law, whether before or subsequent to his commitment to prison, the term of his imprisonment shall be reduced as in subsection (1) provided. (3) The officer in charge of a prison in which a person is confined who is desirous of taking advantage of the provisions of the preceding subsections shall, on application being made to him by such prisoner, at once take him before a court, and such court shall certify the amount by which the term of imprisonment originally awarded is reduced by such payment in part satisfaction, and shall make such order as is required in the circumstances. 315. Every warrant for the execution of any sentence may be issued either by the Judge or magistrate who passed the sentence, or by his successor in office.
Who may issue warrant

316. No commitment for non-payment shall be for a longer period than Limitation of imprisonment nine months, unless the written law under which the conviction has taken place enjoins or allows a longer period. Previously Convicted Offenders 317. (1) When any person, having been convicted of any offence punishable with imprisonment for a term of three years or more, is again convicted of any offence punishable with imprisonment for a term of three years or more, the court may, if it thinks fit, at the time of passing sentence of imprisonment on such person, also order that he shall be subject to police supervision, as hereinafter provided, for a term not
Person twice convicted may be subjected to police supervision

exceeding five years from the date of his release from prison. (2) If such conviction is set aside on appeal or otherwise, such order shall become void. (3) An order under this section may be made by the High Court when exercising its powers of revision. (4) Every such order shall be stated in the warrant of commitment. (As amended by No. 5 of 1962) 318. (1) Every person subject to police supervision shall, on discharge Requirements from from prison, be furnished by the prescribed officer with an identity book persons subject to police supervision in the prescribed form, and, while at large in Zambia, shall(a) report himself personally at such intervals of time, at such place and to such person, as shall be endorsed on his book; and (b) notify his residential address, any intention to change his residential address and any change thereof, in such manner and to such person as may be prescribed by rules under this section. (2) The President may, by statutory instrument, make rules for carrying out the provisions of this section. (As amended by No. 5 of 1962 and G.N. No. 303 of 1964)
Failure to comply 319. If any person subject to police supervision who is at large in Zambia refuses or neglects to comply with any requirement prescribed with requirements under section 318 by the last preceding section or by any rule made thereunder, such person shall, unless he proves to the satisfaction of the court before which he is tried that he did his best to act in conformity with the law, be guilty of an offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months.

Defects in Order or Warrant 320. The court may, at any time, amend any defect in substance or in form in any order or warrant, and no omission or error as to time or
Errors and omissions in orders

place, and no defect in form in any order or warrant given under this Code, shall be held to render void or unlawful any act done or intended to be done by virtue of such order or warrant, provided that it is therein mentioned, or may be inferred therefrom, that it is founded on a conviction or judgment, and there is a valid conviction or judgment to sustain the same. PART XI APPEALS

and warrants

321. (1) Any person convicted by a subordinate court may appeal to the Appeals. Cap. 27 High Court(a) against his conviction on any ground of appeal which involves a question of law alone; or (b) against his conviction on any ground of appeal which involves a question of fact alone, or a question of mixed law and fact; or (c) against the sentence passed on his conviction, unless the sentence is one fixed by law; and shall be so informed by the magistrate at the time when sentence is passed. (2) For the purposes of this Part "sentence" includes any order made on conviction not being(a) a probation order or an order for conditional discharge;

(b) an order under any enactment which enables the court to order the destruction of an animal; or (c) an order made in pursuance of any enactment under which the court has no discretion as to the making of the order or its terms.
Appeals by 321A. (1) If the Director of Public Prosecutions is dissatisfied with a judgment of a subordinate court as being erroneous in point of law, or as Director of Public Prosecutions being in excess of jurisdiction, he may appeal against any such judgment to the High Court within fourteen days of the decision of the subordinate

court. (2) On an appeal under this section the High Court may(a) reverse, affirm or amend any such judgment;

(b) find the person in relation to whom such judgment was given guilty of the offence of which he was charged in the subordinate court or of any other offence of which he could have been convicted by the subordinate court and may convict and sentence him for such or such other offence; (G.N. No. 493 of 1964 as amended by No. 23 of 1971 and 30 of 1976) 322. No appeal shall be heard unless enteredLimitation

(a) in the case of an appeal against sentence, within fourteen days of the date of such sentence; (b) in the case of an appeal against conviction, within fourteen days of the date of sentence imposed in respect of such conviction: (c) remit the matter to the subordinate court for rehearing and determination, with such directions as it may deem necessary; or (d) make such other order including an order as to costs, as it may deem fit. (3) The provisions of sections three hundred and twenty-three, three hundred and twenty-four, three hundred and twenty-five, three hundred and twenty-eight, three hundred and twenty-nine, three hundred and thirty-three and three hundred and thirty-four shall apply mutatis mutandis to appeals under this section as they apply to appeals under the provisions of section three hundred and twenty-one. (4) The provisions of section three hundred and forty-eight shall apply mutatis mutandis in relation to the decision of the High Court in any appeal under this section, as they apply in relation to a decision given on a case stated under section three hundred and forty-one. (5) In this section, "judgment" includes conviction, acquittal, sentence, order and decision.

Provided that the appellate court may at its discretion hear an appeal in respect of which an application has been made in accordance with the provisions of section three hundred and twenty-four. (No. 5 of 1962 as amended by No. 76 of 1965 and Act 12 of 1973) 323. (1) An appeal shall be enteredProcedure preliminary to appeal

(a) by filing with the court below a notice of appeal in the form prescribed; or (b) if the appellant is in prison, by handing such notice to the officer in charge of the prison in which he is lodged. (2) The officer in charge of any prison shall, on receipt of a notice of appeal, endorse upon such notice the date it was handed to him and shall transmit the notice to the court below. (3) The court below shall transmit to the appellate court a notice of appeal filed with or transmitted to it under this section together with the record of the case and the judgment or order therein. (No. 76 of 1965)
Procedure for 324. (1) Where the period has expired within which, under section three hundred and twenty-two, an appeal shall be entered, an appellant application to appeal out of time may nevertheless make application in the prescribed form for his appeal to be heard and shall in support of any such application enter an appeal, and the form of application shall be attached to the notice of appeal when that notice is filed with or transmitted to the court below and the appellate court.

(2) In any case where an appellate court refuses an application made under subsection (1), the appeal entered in support of the application shall be deemed never to have been entered. (No. 76 of 1965)

325. Every appellant shall be entitled, if he so desires, to be present at Procedure on appeal the hearing of his appeal, and to be heard, either personally or by his advocate. If he does not desire to be present or to be heard, either personally or by his advocate, then the appellate court shall decide the appeal summarily, without hearing argument, unless it sees fit to direct otherwise, on the documents forwarded to it as in section three hundred and twenty-three provided. 326. If the appellate court does not determine the appeal summarily, it Notice of time and shall cause notice to be given to the appellant or his advocate, and to the place of hearing public or private prosecutor at the place where the appeal is to be heard, of the time and place at which such appeal will be heard, and shall furnish such prosecutor with a copy of the documents prescribed by section three hundred and twenty-three. 327. (1) The appellate court, after persuing the documents forwarded to Powers of it, if the appeal is being heard summarily, or after hearing the appellant appellate court or his advocate, if he appears, and the prosecutor, if he appears, may, if it considers that there is no sufficient ground for interfering, dismiss the appeal, or may(a) on an appeal from a conviction-

(i) reverse the finding and sentence, and acquit or discharge the accused, or order him to be retried by a subordinate court of competent jurisdiction or by the High Court; or (ii) alter the finding, maintaining the sentence, or, with or without altering the finding, reduce or increase the sentence; or (iii) with or without such reduction or increase, and with or without altering the finding, alter the nature of the sentence; (b) on an appeal against sentence, quash the sentence passed at the trial, and pass such other sentence warranted in law (whether more or less severe) in substitution therefor as it thinks ought to have been passed, and, in any other case, dismiss the appeal; (c) on an appeal from any other order, alter or reverse such order;

and, in any case, may make any amendment or any consequential or incidental order that may appear just and proper.

(2) Where the High Court has directed that an appellant shall be retried by the High Court under the provisions of paragraph (a) of subsection (1), the trial shall be conducted without a preliminary inquiry in accordance with the provisions of subsection (4) of section sixty-eight. (As amended by No. 2 of 1960 and G.N. No. 493 of 1964) 328. (1) The High Court sitting as an appellate court may, at the close of an appeal, pronounce its decision on the appeal and give its reasons for the decision.
Pronouncement of decision of the High Court sitting as an appellate court

(2) Where the High Court pronounces its decision at the close of an appeal under subsection (1), the judgment of the court shall be pronounced in such manner as the court may direct: Provided that, where an appeal is heard by more than one Judge, any such Judge may give directions as to the manner in which the judgment shall be pronounced, and the judgment may be so pronounced whether or not the other Judge or Judges who heard the appeal are present. (No. 11 of 1963 as amended by No. 23 of 1971) 329. The appellate court shall certify its judgment or order to the court Order of appellate below, which shall, thereupon, make such orders as are conformable to court to be certified the judgment or order of the appellate court, and, if necessary, the records shall be amended in accordance therewith. 330. I(As amended by No. 14 of 1938, No. 11 of 1963 and Repealed by Act No. 9 of 2003) 331. The operation of any order for the restitution of any property to Suspension of any person made on a conviction, and the operation, in the case of any orders on conviction conviction, of any rule of law as to the revesting of the property in stolen goods on conviction, as also the operation of any order of compensation to an injured party, shall be suspended(a) in any case, until the expiration of fourteen days after the date of the conviction; and (b) in cases where an appeal has been entered, until the determination of the appeal.

(As amended by No. 28 of 1940) 332. (1) After the entering of an appeal by a person entitled to appeal, the appellate court, or the subordinate court which convicted or sentenced such person, may, for reasons to be recorded by it in writing, order that he be released on bail with or without sureties, or if such person is not released on bail shall, at the request of such person, order that the execution of the sentence or order appealed against shall be suspended pending the hearing of his appeal. (2) If the appeal is ultimately dismissed and the original sentence confirmed, or some other sentence of imprisonment substituted therefor, the time during which the appellant has been released on bail, or during which the sentence has been suspended, shall, unless the court shall otherwise order, be excluded in computing the term of imprisonment to which he is finally sentenced. (No 28 of 1940 as amended by No. 1959)
Further evidence 333. (1) In dealing with an appeal from a court below, the appellate court, if it thinks additional evidence is necessary, shall record its reasons, and may either take such evidence itself or direct it to be taken by the court below. Admission to bail or suspension of sentence pending appeal

(2) When the additional evidence is taken by the court below, such court shall certify such evidence to the appellate court, which shall, thereupon, proceed to dispose of the appeal. (3) Unless the appellate court otherwise directs, the accused or his advocate shall be present when the additional evidence is taken. (4) Evidence taken in pursuance of this section shall be taken as if it were evidence taken at a trial before a subordinate court. 334. (1) Appeals from subordinate courts to the High Court shall be heard by one Judge except where the Chief Justice shall direct that the appeal be heard by more than one Judge.
Appeals to be heard by one Judge unless the Chief Justice otherwise directs

(2) Where an appeal is heard by more than one Judge and such Judges are divided equally in opinion, the appeal shall be dismissed. (No. 11 of 1963) 335. Every appeal from a subordinate court (except an appeal from a sentence of fine) shall finally abate on the death of the appellant.
Abatement of appeals

336. (1) The High Court may, if it deems fit, on the application of an Bail in cases of appellant from a judgment of that Court and pending the determination appeals to Supreme Courtl of his appeal or application for leave to appeal to the Supreme Court in a criminal matte(a) admit the appellant to bail, or if it does not so admit him, direct him to be treated as an unconvicted prisoner pending the determination of his appeal or of his application for leave to appeal, as the case may be; and (b) postpone the payment of any fine imposed upon him.

(2) The time during which an appellant, pending the determination of his appeal, is admitted to bail, and, subject to any directions which the Supreme Court may give to the contrary in any appeal, the time during which the appellant, if in custody, is treated as an unconvicted prisoner under this section, shall not count as part of any term of imprisonment under his sentence. Any imprisonment under the sentence of the appellant, whether it is the sentence passed by the court of trial or by the High Court in its appellate jurisdiction or the sentence passed by the Supreme Court, shall, subject to any directions which the Supreme Court may give to the contrary, be deemed to be resumed or to begin to run, as the case requires(a) if the appellant is in custody, as from the day on which the appeal is determined; (b) if the appellant is not in custody, as from the day on which he is received into gaol under the sentence. (No. 47 of 1955 as amended by G.N. No. 303 of 1964, No. 23 of 1971 and 30 of 1976)

Revision
Power of High 337. The High Court may call for and examine the record of any Court to call for criminal proceedings before any subordinate court, for the purpose of records satisfying itself as to the correctness, legality or propriety of any finding, sentence or order recorded or passed; and as to the regularity of any proceedings of any such subordinate court.

338. (1) In the case of any proceedings in a subordinate court, the record of which has been called for, or which otherwise comes to its knowledge, the High Court may(a) in the case of a conviction-

Powers of High Court on revision

(i) confirm, vary or reverse the decision of the subordinate court, or order that the person convicted be retried by a subordinate court of competent jurisdiction or by the High Court, or make such other order in the matter as to it may seem just, and may by such order exercise any power which the subordinate court might have exercised; (ii) if it thinks a different sentence should have been passed, quash the sentence passed by the subordinate court and pass such other sentence warranted in law, whether more or less severe, in substitution therefor as it thinks ought to have been passed; (iii) if it thinks additional evidence is necessary, either take such additional evidence itself or direct that it be taken by the subordinate court; (iv) direct the subordinate court to impose such sentence or make such order as may be specified; (b) in the case of any other order, other than an order of acquittal, alter or reverse such order. (2) No order under this section shall be made to the prejudice of an accused person unless he has had an opportunity of making representations in writing on his own behalf. (3) The High Court shall not exercise any powers under this section in respect of any convicted person who has appealed, unless such appeal is withdrawn, or who has made application for a case to be stated, unless the subordinate court concerned refuses to state a case under the

provisions of section three hundred and forty-three. (4) Nothing in this section shall be to the prejudice of the exercise of any right of appeal given under this Code or under any other law. (5) The provisions of subsections (2), (3) and (4) of section three hundred and thirty-three shall apply, mutatis mutandis, in respect of any additional evidence. (6) When the High Court gives a direction under subparagraph (iv) of paragraph (a) of subsection (1), the record of the proceedings shall be returned to the subordinate court and that court shall comply with the said direction. (As amended by No. 16 of 1959 and No. 11 of 1963)
Discretion of High 339. No party has any right to be heard, either personally or by advocate, before the High Court when exercising its powers of revision: Court as to hearing parties

Provided that the High Court may, if it thinks fit, when exercising such powers, hear any party either personally or by advocate. (As amended by G.N. No. 493 of 1964) 340. When a case is revised by the High Court, the Court shall certify Order to be certified to lower its decision or order to the court by which the sentence or order, so court revised, was recorded or passed, and the court to which the decision or order is so certified shall, thereupon, make such orders as are conformable to the decision so certified, and, if necessary, the record shall be amended in accordance therewith. (As amended by G.N. No. 493 of 1964) Case Stated 341. After the hearing and determination by any subordinate court of Case stated by subordinate court any summons, charge, information or complaint, either party to the proceedings before the said subordinate court may, if dissatisfied with the said determination, as being erroneous in point of law, or as being in excess of jurisdiction, apply in writing, within fourteen days after the

said determination, to the said subordinate court to state and sign a case setting forth the facts and the grounds of such determination, for the opinion thereon of the High Court, and such party (hereinafter called "the appellant") shall(a) within fourteen days after receiving the case transmit the same to the High Court; and (b) within thirty days after receiving the case serve a copy of the case so stated and signed on the other party to the proceedings in which the determination was given (hereinafter called "the respondent"). (No. 28 of 1940) 342. The appellant, at the time of making such application, and before Recognizance to be taken and fees paid the case shall be stated and delivered to him by the subordinate court, shall, in every instance, enter into a recognizance before such subordinate court, with or without surety or sureties, and in such sum not exceeding one hundred kwacha as to the subordinate court shall seem meet, conditioned to prosecute without delay such appeal, and to submit to the judgment of the High Court, and to pay such costs as may be awarded by the same; and, before he shall be entitled to have the case delivered to him, he shall pay to the clerk of such subordinate court his fees for and in respect of the case and recognizance, which fees shall be in accordance with the Third Schedule. The appellant, if then in custody, shall be liberated upon the recognizance being further conditioned for his appearance before the same subordinate court, or, if that is impracticable, before some other subordinate court exercising the same jurisdiction, within fourteen days after the judgment of the High Court shall have been given, to abide such judgment, unless the determination appealed against be reversed: Provided that nothing in this section shall apply to an application for a case stated by or under the direction of the Director of Public Prosecutions. (As amended by S.I. No. 152 of 1965) 343. If the subordinate court be of opinion that the application is merely frivolous, but not otherwise, it may refuse to state a case, and shall, on the request of the appellant, and on payment of the fee set out in the Third Schedule, sign and deliver to him a certificate of such refusal:
Subordinate court may refuse case when it thinks application frivolous

Provided that the subordinate court shall not refuse to state a case when

the application for that purpose is made to it by or under the direction of the Director of Public Prosecutions, who may require a case to be stated with reference to proceedings to which he was not a party. (As amended by S.I. No. 63 of 1964) 344. Where a subordinate court refuses to state a case, the High Court may, on the application of the person who applied for the case to be stated, make an order of mandamus requiring the subordinate court to state a case.
Procedure on refusal of subordinate court to state case

345. A case stated for the opinion of the High Court shall be heard by Constitution of court hearing case one Judge of the Court except when, in any particular case, the Chief stated Justice shall direct that it shall be heard by two Judges. Such direction may be given before the hearing or at any time before judgment is delivered. If, on the hearing, the Court is equally divided in opinion, the decision of the subordinate court shall be affirmed. (No. 2 of 1960)
High Court to 346. The High Court shall (subject to the provisions of the next succeeding section) hear and determine the question or questions of law determine questions on case arising on the case stated, and shall, thereupon, reverse, affirm or amend the determination in respect of which the case has been stated, or remit the matter to the subordinate court with the opinion of the High Court thereon, or may make such other order in relation to the matter, and may make such order as to costs, as to the Court may seem fit, and all such orders shall be final and conclusive on all parties:

Provided that(i) no magistrate who shall state and deliver a case in pursuance of this Part, or bona fide refuse to state one, shall be liable to any costs in respect or by reason of such appeal against his determination or refusal; (ii) no costs shall be awarded against the People, except where the People are the appellant. (As amended by S.I. No. 63 of 1964) 347. The High Court shall have power, if it thinks fitCase may be sent back for amendment or rehearing

(a) to cause the case to be sent back for amendment or restatement, and, thereupon, the same shall be amended or restated accordingly, and judgment shall be delivered after it has been so amended or restated;

(b) to remit the case to the subordinate court for rehearing and determination, with such directions as it may deem necessary. 348. After the decision of the High Court has been given on a case stated, the subordinate court in relation to whose determination the case has been stated, or any other subordinate court exercising the same jurisdiction, shall have the same authority to enforce any conviction or order which may have been affirmed, amended or made by the High Court as the subordinate court which originally decided the case would have had to enforce its determination, if the same had not been appealed against; and no action or proceeding whatsoever shall be commenced or had against the magistrate holding such subordinate court for enforcing such conviction or order, by reason of any defect in the same respectively. 349. No person who has appealed under section three hundred and twenty-one shall be entitled to have a case stated, and no person who has applied to have a case stated shall be entitled to appeal under section three hundred and twenty-one. 350. (a) (b) A case stated by a subordinate court shall set outthe charge, summons, information or complaint; the facts found by the subordinate court to be proved;
Powers of subordinate court after decision of High Court

Appellant may not proceed both by case stated and by appeal

Contents of case stated

(c) any submission of law made by or on behalf of the complainant during the trial or inquiry; (d) any submission of law made by or on behalf of the accused during the trial or inquiry; (e) the finding and, in case of conviction, the sentence of the subordinate court; (f) any question or questions of law which the subordinate court or any of the parties may desire to be submitted for the opinion of the High Court; (g) any question of law which the Director of Public Prosecutions may require to be submitted for the opinion of the High Court. (As amended by S.I. No. 63 of 1964)
High Court may 351. The High Court may, if it deems fit, enlarge any period of time prescribed by section three hundred and forty-one or three hundred and enlarge time forty-two.

(As amended by No. 5 of 1962) 351A. In this Part, "appellate court" means the High Court. (No. 23 of 1971) PART XII SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS Irregular Proceedings
Proceedings in 352. No finding, sentence or order of any court shall be set aside wrong place merely on the ground that the inquiry, trial or other proceeding in the course of which it was arrived at or passed took place in a wrong district, unless it appears that such error has in fact occasioned a substantial miscarriage of justice. Interpretation

(As amended by No. 16 of 1959) 353. Subject to the provisions hereinbefore contained, no finding, sentence or order passed by a court of competent jurisdiction shall be reversed or altered on appeal or revision on any ground whatsoever unless any matter raised in such ground has, in the opinion of the appellate court, in fact occasioned a substantial miscarriage of justice: Provided that, in determining whether any such matter has occasioned a substantial miscarriage of justice, the court shall have regard to the question whether the objection could and should have been raised at an earlier stage in the proceeding. (No. 16 of 1959) 354. No distress made under this Code shall be deemed unlawful, nor shall any person making the same be deemed a trespasser, on account of any defect or want of form in the summons, conviction, warrant of distress or other proceedings relating thereto. Miscellaneous
Distress not illegal nor distrainer a trespasser for defect or want of form in proceedings Finding or sentence when not reversible

355. (1) Where any thing which has been tendered or put in evidence in Disposal of any criminal proceedings before any court has not been claimed by any exhibits person who appears to the court to be entitled thereto within a period of twelve months after the final disposal of such proceedings or of any appeal entered in respect thereof, such thing may be sold, destroyed or otherwise disposed of in such manner as the court may by order direct, and the proceeds of any such sale shall be paid into the general revenues of the Republic. (2) If any thing which has been tendered or put in evidence in any criminal proceedings before any court is subject to speedy and natural decay the court may, at any stage of the proceedings or at any time after the final disposal of such proceedings, order that it be sold or otherwise disposed of but shall hold the proceeds of any such sale and, if unclaimed at the expiration of a period of twelve months after the final disposal of such proceedings or of any appeal entered in respect thereof, shall pay such proceeds into the general revenues of the Republic. (3) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (1), the court may, if it is satisfied that it would be just and equitable so to do, order that any thing tendered or put in evidence in criminal proceedings before it should be returned at any stage of the proceedings or at any time after the final disposal of such proceedings to the person who appears to be entitled thereto, subject to such conditions as the court may see fit to impose. (4) Any order of a court made under the provisions of subsection (1) or (2) shall be final and shall operate as a bar to any claim by or on behalf of any person claiming ownership of or any interest in such thing by virtue of any title arising prior to the date of such order. (No. 11 of 1963) 356. (1) Where a corporation is charged with an offence before a court, Corporations the provisions of this section shall have effect. (2) A representative may, on behalf of the corporation, make a statement before the court in answer to the charge. (3) Where a representative appears, any requirement of this Code that

anything shall be done in the presence of the accused, or shall be read or said to the accused, shall be construed as a requirement that that thing shall be done in the presence of the representative or read or said to the representative. (4) Where a representative does not appear, any requirement referred to in subsection (3) shall not apply. (5) A subordinate court may, after holding an inquiry in accordance with the provisions of Part VII, make an order certifying that it considers the evidence against an accused corporation sufficient to put that corporation on its trial and the corporation shall thereupon be deemed to have been committed for trial to the High Court. (6) Where, at the trial of a corporation, a representative does not appear at the time appointed in and by the summons or information or such representative having appeared fails to enter any plea, the court shall order a plea of "not guilty" to be entered and the trial shall proceed as though the corporation had duly entered a plea of "not guilty". (7) Subject to the provisions of subsections (2) to (6), both inclusive, the provisions of this Code relating to the inquiry into and to the trial by any court of offences shall apply to a corporation as they apply to an individual over the age of twenty-one years. (8) In this section, "representative" means a person duly appointed in accordance with subsection (9) by the corporation to represent it for the purpose of doing any act or thing which the representative of a corporation is by this section authorised to do, but a person so appointed shall not, by virtue only of being so appointed, be qualified to act on behalf of the corporation before any court for any other purpose. (9) A representative for the purposes of this section need not be appointed under the seal of the corporation, and a statement in writing purporting to be signed by a managing director of the corporation, or by any person (by whatever name called) having, or being one of the persons having, the management of the affairs of the corporation, to the effect that the person named in the statement has been appointed as the representative of the corporation for the purposes of this section, shall be admissible without further proof as prima facie evidence that that person

has been so appointed. (No. 76 of 1965) 357. In addition to or in substitution for the fees set forth in the Third Prescribed fees Schedule, the Chief Justice may prescribe the fees to be paid for any proceedings in the High Court and in subordinate courts. Such fees shall be paid by the party prosecuting, and may be charged as part of the costs, if so ordered. The payment of fees may, on account of the poverty of any person or for other good reason, be dispensed with by the court of trial. (As amended by No. 2 of 1960) 358. (1) The Chief Justice may by rule prescribe forms for the purposes Prescribed forms of this Code, and such forms, with such variations as the circumstances of each case may require, may be used and, if used, shall be sufficient for the respective purposes therein mentioned. (2) The forms in the Fourth Schedule shall be deemed to have been prescribed by the Chief Justice under the provisions of this section. (No. 2 of 1960) 359. (1) The Chief Justice may, by statutory instrument, make rules for Rules the better administration of this Code. (2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing, such rules may(a) prescribe anything which by this Code may or is to be prescribed; (b) prescribe the allowances and expenses of witnesses and assessors; (c) make provisions for the procedure to be followed in relation to appeals under this Code; (d) amend the Second Schedule by varying or annulling forms contained therein or by adding new forms thereto.

(No. 11 of 1963) Non-application of British Act 360. The Criminal Evidence Act, 1898, of the United Kingdom, shall not apply to the Republic.
Non-application

FIRST SCHEDULE (Section 2)

OFFENCES UNDER THE PENAL CODE


Explanatory Note.-The entries in the second and fourth columns of this Schedule, headed respectively "Offence" and "Punishment under the Penal Code", are not intended as definitions of the offences and punishments described in the several corresponding sections of the Penal Code or even as abstracts of those sections, but merely as references to the subject of the section, the number of which is given in the first column. Chapter V-Parties to Offences 1 2 4 Punishment under the Whether the police may Penal Code. arrest without warrant (N.B.-Vide also or not sections 26 and 38, Penal Code.) Same punishment as warrant, if arrest for the abetted, counselled or procured. 3

Section

Offence

21.

Aiding, abetting, May arrest without counselling or procuringfor the offence aided the commission of an offence aided, abetted, offence. counselled or procured may be made without warrant, but not otherwise.

DIVISION I-OFFENCES AGAINST PUBLIC ORDER


Chapter VII-Treason and other offences 43. 44. 45. 46. Treason. May arrest without warrant May arrest without warrant Ditto. Death Imprisonment for life. Imprisonment for twenty years. Imprisonment for life.

Misprision of treason. Ditto. Treason-felony. Promoting tribal war.

48. 49.

Inciting to mutiny.

Ditto.

Ditto. Shall not arrest without years. Imprisonment for six months. Imprisonment for life.

Aiding in acts of mutiny Imprisonment for two warrant. Inducing desertion. Ditto.

50. 51 (a) 51 (b) 54.(1)

Aiding prisoner of war May arrest without to escape. warrant.

Permitting prisoner of Shall not arrest without Imprisonment for two war to escape. warrant. years. Offences in respect of May arrest without prohibited publication. warrant. Imprisonment for two years or fine of three thousand penalty units or both for first offence. Imprisonment for three years for subsequent offence. Ditto. Imprisonment for one year or fine of one thousand five hundred penalty units or both for first offence. Imprisonment for two years for subsequent offence. Imprisonment for one year or fine of one thousand five hundred penalty units or both. Imprisonment for seven years or fine of six thousand penalty units or both for first offence.

54.(2)

Possession of prohibited publication

55.

Failure to deliver pos- May arrest without session of prohibited warrant. publication. Offences in respect of Ditto. seditious practices.

57.(1)

57.(2)

Possession seditious publication.

Ditto.

Imprisonment for two years or fine of three thousand penalty units or both for first offence. Imprisonment for five years for subsequent offence.

58D.

Insulting National Anthem Imprisonment for two warrant Defamation of President Expressing or showing Ditto hatred, ridicule or contempt for persons because of race, tribe, place of origin or colour Administering or taking oath to commit capital offence. Administering or taking other unlawful oaths.

May arrest without years Ditto Imprisonment for three years. Imprisonment for two years.

58E. 58.F.

63.

Ditto. Imprisonment for life.

64. seven 66.(1) 66.(2) 67 68. 69. 70.

Ditto. Imprisonment for years.

Unlawful drilling.

Ditto.

Ditto. Ditto. Imprisonment for two years. Imprisonment for three years. Ditto. Imprisonment for two years. Ditto. Imprisonment for three years. Imprisonment for two years.

Being unlawfully drilled. False information with Ditto. certain intents. Insulting national anthem. Defamation of President.

Expressing or showing Ditto. hatred, ridicule or contempt for persons because of race, tribe, place of origin or colour. (As amended by Act 9 of 1968)

Chapter VIII-Offences affecting Relations with Foreign States and External Tranquillity 71. 72. 72A.(1) seven 72A.(2) Defamation of foreign Shall not arrest without Imprisonment for two princes. warrant. years. Foreign enlistment. Ditto. Ditto. Ditto Imprisonment for years. Ditto Imprisonment for five Possession of firearms and other offensive weapons Consorting with persons in

possession of firearms and other offensive weapons 72A.(3) Delivery of firearms to Ditto persons for purposes prejudicial to public order Possession of offensive weapons in public Piracy. May arrest without warrant.

years. Imprisonment for five years. Ditto Imprisonment for one year. Punishment prescribed by law of England.

72A.(4) 73.

Chapter IX-Unlawful Assemblies, Riots and other Offences against Public Tranquility 1 2 4 Punishment under the Whether the police may Penal Code. arrest without warrant (N.B.-Vide also or not sections 26 and 38, Penal Code.) May arrest without warrant. Ditto. Imprisonment for five years. Imprisonment for seven years. Ditto. Imprisonment for ten years. Ditto. Ditto. Imprisonment for life. Ditto. Imprisonment for years. 83. 84. 85.(1) 86. 87. 88. Riotously interfering with railway, etc. Going armed in public. Ditto. Possession of offensive Ditto. weapons or materials. Forcible entry. Forcible detainer. Committing affray. Ditto. Ditto. Ditto. Ditto. Imprisonment for two years. Ditto. Imprisonment for seven years. Imprisonment for two years. Ditto. Imprisonment for six 3

Section

Offence

75. 76. 79. 80. 81. 82. seven

Unlawful assembly. Riot.

Rioting after proclamation. Obstructing proclamation. Rioters destroying buildings. Ditto.

Rioters injuring buildings.

months or fine of seven hundred and fifty penalty units. 89. Challenging to fight a duel. Imprisonment for two out warrant. Threatening violence. May arrest without warrant. Proposing violence. Wrongfully inducing boycott. Ditto. Ditto. Shall not arrest withyears. Imprisonment for five years. Imprisonment for seven years. Imprisonment for six months. Ditto. Imprisonment for six months or fine of three thousand penalty units.

90. 91. 92. 93.

Assembling for purpose of smuggling.

DIVISION II-OFFENCES AGAINST THE ADMINISTRATION OF LAWFUL AUTHORITY


Chapter X-Corruption and Abuse of Office 98. 99. False claims by officials. Abuse of office. Ditto (if for purposes of gain). 100. 101. 102. False certificates by public officers. False assumption of authority. Ditto. Ditto. Ditto. Imprisonment for two years. Ditto. Ditto. Imprisonment for three years. Ditto. Imprisonment for two years. Ditto. May arrest without three years. Shall not arrest without warrant. years.

Personating public officers. Imprisonment for warrant. Threat of injury to persons Imprisonment for two employed in public service.

103.

Chapter XI-Offences Relating to the Administration of Justice 105. for 106. seven 108. 109. 110. 111. 112. False statements by interpreters. Shall not arrest without warrant. Same punishment as perjury. Ditto. Imprisonment for years. Ditto. Imprisonment for two years. Ditto. Ditto. Ditto. Ditto. Ditto. Ditto.

Perjury or subornation of perjury. Fabricating evidence. Ditto. False swearing. Deceiving witnesses. Destroying evidence.

Conspiracy to defeat Ditto. justice, and interference with witnesses.

113. 114. 115. 116.(1)

Compounding felonies. Ditto. Compounding penal actions. Ditto.

Ditto. Ditto. Ditto. Imprisonment for six months or fine of seven hundred and fifty penalty units. Fine of six hundred penalty units-in default of payment imprisonment for one month. Fine of one thousand five hundred penalty units each offence.

Advertising for stolen Ditto. property. Contempt of court. Ditto.

116.(2)

Contempt of court (if committed in view of court).

May arrest without warrant.

117. for

Prohibition on taking Ditto. photographs, etc., in court.

Chapter XII-Rescues, Escapes and Obstructing Officers of Court of Law 118.(1) Rescue(a) If person rescued May arrest without is under sentence warrant. of death or imprisonment for life or charged with offence punishable with death or imprisonment for life; (b) If person rescued is seven imprisoned on a charge or under sentence for any other offence; (c) In any other case. Ditto. 119. 120. seven 121. 122. Escape. Ditto. years. Imprisonment for life.

Ditto. Imprisonment for

Imprisonment for two years. Ditto. Ditto. Imprisonment for years.

Aiding prisoners to escape.

Removal, etc., of property under lawful seizure. Obstructing court officers.

Ditto. Imprisonment for three years. Ditto. Imprisonment for one

year.

Chapter XIII-Miscellaneous Offences against Public Authority 1 2 4 Punishment under the Whether the police may Penal Code. arrest without warrant (N.B.-Vide also or not sections 26 and 38, Penal Code.) 3

Section

Offence

123. 125.

Frauds and breaches of Shall not arrest without Imprisonment for two trust by public officers. warrant. years. False information to public officer. Ditto. Imprisonment for six months or fine of one thousand five hundred penalty units or both. Ditto. Imprisonment for two years. Ditto.

126. 127.

Disobedience of statutory duty. Disobedience of lawful Ditto. orders.

DIVISION III-OFFENCES INJURIOUS TO THE PUBLIC IN GENERAL


Chapter XIV-Offences Relating to Religion 128. Insult to religion of any Imprisonment for two class. warrant. Disturbing religious assemblies. Ditto. May arrest without years. Ditto. Imprisonment for two years. Shall not arrest without warrant. year.

129. 130. 131.

Trespassing on burial May arrest without places. warrant. Uttering words with intent Imprisonment for one to wound religious feelings.

Chapter XV-Offences Against Morality 133. 134. 135. 136. 137.(1) 137.(3) 138.(1) 138.(2) 139. 140. 141. Rape. Attempted rape. Abduction. May arrest without warrant. Ditto. Ditto. Imprisonment for life. Ditto. Imprisonment for seven years. Imprisonment for two years. Ditto. Imprisonment for fourteen years. Imprisonment for one year. Ditto. Imprisonment for life. Ditto. Imprisonment for fourteen years. Ditto. Ditto. Imprisonment for two years. Ditto. Ditto.

Abduction of girl under Ditto. sixteen. Indecent assault on females. Indecently insulting or Ditto. annoying females. Defilement of girl under sixteen. Attempted defilement of girl under sixteen. Defilement of an idiot or imbecile. Procuration. Ditto.

Procuring defilement by threats or fraud or

administering drugs. 142. Householder permitting Ditto. defilement of girl under twelve on his premises. Householder permitting Ditto. defilement of girl under sixteen on his premises. Detention with unlawful intent or in brothel. Imprisonment for five years. Imprisonment for two years. Ditto. Ditto.

143.

144.

Chapter XV-Offences Against Morality-Continued 1 2 4 Punishment under the Whether the police may Penal Code. arrest without warrant (N.B.-Vide also or not sections 26 and 38, Penal Code.) Ditto. 3

Section

Offence

146.

Male person living on Ditto. earnings of prostitution or persistently soliciting. Woman aiding, etc., for gain prostitution of another woman. Keeping a brothel. Conspiracy to defile. Attempt to procure abortion. Ditto. Ditto. Ditto.

147.

Ditto. Ditto.

149. 150. 151. 152. 153.

Ditto. Imprisonment for three years. Imprisonment for fourteen years. Imprisonment for seven warrant. years. Imprisonment for three years. Imprisonment for fourteen years. Imprisonment for seven years. Ditto. Ditto.

Woman attempting to May arrest without procure her own abortion. Supplying drugs or Ditto. instruments to procure abortion. Unnatural offences. Attempt to commit unnatural offence. Ditto. Ditto.

155. 156. 157.

Indecent assault on boys

under fourteen years. 158. 159.(1) Indecent practices between males. Incest by males. If female person is under the age of twelve years. 159.(3) 161. Ditto. Ditto. Ditto. Imprisonment for five years. Ditto. Imprisonment for life.

Attempt to commit incest Incest by females. Ditto.

Ditto. Imprisonment for two years. Imprisonment for five years.

Chapter XVI-Offences Relating to Marriage and Domestic Obligations 165. 166. 167. Fraudulent pretence of marriage. Bigamy. May arrest without warrant. Ditto. Imprisonment for ten years. Imprisonment for five years. Ditto. Ditto.

Dishonestly or fraudulently going through ceremony of marriage.

168. 169. 170. 171.

Desertion of children. Shall not arrest without Imprisonment for two warrant. years. Neglecting to provide Ditto. food, etc., for children. Master not providing for servants or apprentices. Child stealing. May arrest without warrant. Ditto. Ditto. Ditto. Imprisonment for seven years.

Chapter XVII-Nuisances and Offences Against Health and Convenience 1 2 4 Punishment under the Whether the police may Penal Code. arrest without warrant (N.B.-Vide also or not sections 26 and 38, Penal Code.) Shall not arrest without Imprisonment for one 3

Section

Offence

172.

Committing common

nuisance. warrant. 173. Watching and besetting. three thousand warrant.

year. May arrest without

Fine of

174.(3)

174.(4) and

Keeping common gaming Imprisonment for two house. warrant. Being found in common gaming house

penalty units or imprisonment for six months or both. Shall not arrest without years. Ditto. Fine of one hundred fifty penalty units for first offence, and for each subsequent offence a fine of six hundred penalty units or imprisonment for three months or both. Ditto. Imprisonment for one year. Imprisonment for two years or fine of three thousand penalty units. Ditto. Imprisonment for one month or fine of sixty penalty units or both. Fine of four hundred and fifty penalty units or imprisonment for three months or both. Ditto. Imprisonment for three months for first offence, and for each subsequent offence imprisonment for one year. Ditto. Imprisonment for one month or fine of three hundred penalty units. Imprisonment for three months or fine of six hundred penalty units. Imprisonment for six months or fine of three

175.

177.

Keeping or permitting the keeping of a common betting house. Trafficking in obscene May arrest without publications. warrant. Being an idle or disorderly person Use of insulting language. Ditto.

178.

179.

181.

Being a rogue or vagabond.

182.(1)

Wearing uniform without authority. Bringing contempt on Ditto. uniform. Importing or selling Ditto. uniform without authority.

182.(2)

182.(3)

182.(5)

Unauthorised wearing of medals, etc.

183.

184. 185.

186. 187.

Doing any act likely to Ditto. spread infection of dangerous disease. Adulteration of food or Shall not arrest without Ditto. drink intended for sale. warrant. Selling, or offering or Ditto. Ditto. exposing for sale, noxious food or drink. Adulteration of drugs Shall not arrest without Imprisonment for two intended for sale. warrant. years. Selling adulterated drugs. Ditto. Ditto.

thousand penalty units. Ditto. Imprisonment for three months or fine of three hundred penalty units. Imprisonment for two years.

Chapter XVII-Nuisances and Offences Against Health and Convenience-Continued 1 2 4 Punishment under the Whether the police may Penal Code. arrest without warrant (N.B.-Vide also or not sections 26 and 38, Penal Code.) May arrest without Ditto. 3

Section

Offence

188. 189.

Fouling water of public spring or reservoir. warrant. Making the atmosphere Ditto. noxious to health. warrant. Carrying on offensive Ditto. trade.

Shall not arrest without

190.

Imprisonment for one year.

Chapter XVIII-Defamation 191. Libel. Shall not arrest without warrant. Imprisonment for two years.

DIVISION IV-OFFENCES AGAINST THE PERSON


Chapter XIX-Murder and Manslaughter 201. Murder. May arrest without warrant. 202. 203. Manslaughter. Infanticide. Ditto. Ditto. Death. Imprisonment for life. Ditto.

Chapter XXI-Offences Connected with Murder 215. 216. 217. 218. 219. 220. 221. Attempted murder. May arrest without warrant. Imprisonment for life. Ditto. Ditto. Imprisonment for seven years. Ditto. Ditto. Imprisonment for fourteen years. Ditto. Imprisonment for two years. Imprisonment for life.

Attempted murder by Ditto. convict. Being accessory after the fact to murder. Sending written threat to murder. Conspiracy to murder. Ditto. Concealing the birth of a child. Child destruction. Ditto.

Chapter XXII-Offences Endangering Life or Health 222. Disabling in order to May arrest without commit felony or warrant. misdemeanour. 223. Stupefying in order to Ditto. commit felony or misdemeanour. Acts intended to cause Ditto. grievous harm or prevent arrest. Preventing escape from Imprisonment for life. wreck. warrant. Intentionally endangering

Imprisonment for life.

Ditto.

224.

Ditto.

225.

May arrest without

226.

Ditto. Ditto.

safety of persons travelling by railway. 227.(1) Trespass on railway. Ditto. Fine of three thousand penalty units or imprisonment for two years or both. Ditto. Imprisonment for fourteen years.

227.(2)

Trespass on railway while in possession of articles or implements.

228.

Acts endangering the Ditto. safety of persons travelling in motor vehicles. Doing grievous harm. Ditto. Attempting to injure by explosive substances. Administering poison Ditto. with intent to harm. Wounding and similar Ditto. acts. Failing to provide necessaries of life. Ditto.

Imprisonment for life.

229. 230. 231. 232. 233.

Imprisonment for seven years. Ditto. Imprisonment for fourteen years. Ditto. Imprisonment for three years. Ditto.

Chapter XXIII-Criminal Recklessness and Negligence 237. Rash and negligent acts. Imprisonment for two warrant. Other negligent acts causing harm. Ditto. May arrest without years. Imprisonment for six months. Shall not arrest without months or fine of three thousand penalty units. Imprisonment for two years. Ditto. Imprisonment for years.

238. 239.

Dealing with poisonous Imprisonment for six substances in negligent warrant. manner. Endangering safety of May arrest without persons travelling by warrant. railway. Exhibiting false light, mark or buoy.

240.

241. seven

242.

Conveying person by water for hire in unsafe or overloaded vessel. Obstruction of waterways.

Ditto. Imprisonment for two years. Ditto. Imprisonment for three years.

243. 244.

Causing danger or Shall not arrest without Fine. obstruction in public way warrant. or line of navigation. Trespass on aerodrome. May arrest without warrant. Fine of seven hundred and fifty penalty units or imprisonment for one month or both. Imprisonment for three years.

245.

246.

Obstruction of roads or Ditto. runways.

Chapter XXIV -Assaults 247. 248. Common assault. Shall not arrest without warrant. Imprisonment for one year. May arrest without years. Imprisonment for seven years. Imprisonment for five years.

Assault occasioning actual Imprisonment for five bodily harm. warrant. Assaulting person protecting wreck. Various assaults. Ditto. Ditto.

249. 250.

Chapter XXV-Offences Against Liberty 1 2 4 Punishment under the Whether the police may Penal Code. arrest without warrant (N.B.-Vide also or not sections 26 and 38, Penal Code.) May arrest without warrant Imprisonment for seven years. Ditto. Imprisonment for ten years. Ditto. Imprisonment for 3

Section

Offence

254. 255. 256. seven

Kidnapping.

Kidnapping or abducting in order to murder. Kidnapping or abducting

with intent to confine a person. 257. Kidnapping or abducting in order to subject person to grievous harm, slavery, etc. Wrongfully concealing or keeping in confinement a abduction. kidnapped or abducted person. 259. seven Kidnapping or abducting child under fourteen with intent to steal from its person. 260. Wrongful confinement. Ditto.

years. Ditto. Imprisonment for ten years.

258. for

Ditto. Same punishment as kidnapping or

Ditto. Imprisonment for years.

Imprisonment for one year or fine of six thousand penalty units. Ditto. Imprisonment for years.

261. seven 262. 263.

Buying or disposing of any person as a slave. Habitually dealing in slaves. Ditto.

Imprisonment for ten years. Imprisonment for two years.

Unlawful compulsory Ditto. labour.

DIVISION V-OFFENCES RELATING TO PROPERTY


Chapter XXVI-Theft 272. 273. 274. 275. 276. seven Theft. Stealing wills. May arrest without warrant. Ditto. Imprisonment for three years. Imprisonment for ten years. Ditto. Ditto Imprisonment for seven to fifteen years. Ditto. Imprisonment for years. Ditto. Ditto. Ditto. Ditto. Ditto. Ditto. Ditto. Ditto.

Stealing postal matter, etc. Stealing cattle, etc. Ditto.

Stealing from the person, in a dwelling-house, in transit, etc.

277. 278. 279. 280. 281. 282.

Stealing by person in the public service. Stealing by clerks and Ditto. servants. Stealing by directors or officers of companies. Stealing by agents, etc. Ditto. Stealing by tenants or Ditto. lodgers. Stealing after previous Ditto. conviction.

Chapter XXVII-Offences Allied to Stealing 283. 284. 285. 286. Concealing registers. Concealing wills. Concealing deeds. Killing animals with intent to steal. stolen. May arrest without warrant. Ditto. Ditto. Ditto. Imprisonment for ten years. Ditto. Imprisonment for three years. Same punishment as if the animal had been

287. 288. 289. 290.

Severing with intent to steal.

Ditto.

Same punishment as if the thing had been stolen. Ditto. Imprisonment for two years. Ditto. Imprisonment for five years. Ditto. Ditto.

Fraudulent disposition of mortgaged goods. Fraudulently dealing with ore or minerals in mines. Fraudulent appropriation of mechanical or electrical power. Conversion not amounting to theft.

291.

Ditto. Imprisonment for six months or fine of one thousand five hundred penalty units or both.

Chapter XXVII-Robbery and Extortion 292. 293. seven 294. Robbery. May arrest without warrant. Imprisonment for fourteen years. Ditto. Imprisonment for years. Aggravated robbery. Ditto. Imprisonment for life; with a minimum of fifteen years. Ditto. Imprisonment for ten twenty years. Ditto. Imprisonment for fourteen years.

Assault with intent to steal.

295. to 296. 297.

Aggravated assault with intent to steal. Demanding property by written threats. Threatening with intent to extortin certain specified cases; in any other case. Ditto.

Ditto. Ditto. Imprisonment for three years. Imprisonment for fourteen years. Ditto. Imprisonment for five years.

298. 299.

Procuring execution of Ditto. deeds, etc., by threats. Demanding property with menaces with intent to steal.

Chapter XXIX-Burglary, Housebreaking and Similar Offences

301. 301.

Housebreaking. Burglary.

May arrest without warrant. Ditto.

Imprisonment for seven years. Imprisonment for ten years.

302.

Entering dwelling-house with intent to commit felony. If offence is committed in

Ditto. Imprisonment for five years. Ditto. Imprisonment for years. Ditto. Ditto. Imprisonment for five years. Ditto. Imprisonment for three

seven the night. 303. 304. Breaking into building and committing felony. Breaking into building Ditto. with intent to commit felony. Being found armed, etc., with intent to commit years. felony. If offender has been Ditto. previously convicted of a felony relating to property. 306. Criminal trespass. months. Ditto.

305.

Imprisonment for seven years. Imprisonment for three Imprisonment for one year.

If property upon which Ditto. offence committed is building used as human dwelling or as place of worship or place for custody of property. 309. 310. 311. 312. 313. Obtaining property by May arrest without false pretence. warrant. Obtaining execution of a security by false pretence. Cheating. Ditto. Obtaining credit, etc., by false pretences. Conspiracy to defraud. Ditto.

Imprisonment for three years. Ditto. Ditto. Ditto. Ditto. Imprisonment for one year. Imprisonment for three years.

314. 315. 316. 317.

Frauds on sale or mortgage of property. Pretending to tell fortunes. Obtaining registration, Ditto. etc., by false pretence. False declaration for passport. Ditto.

Ditto. Imprisonment for two years. Ditto. Ditto. Imprisonment for one year. Imprisonment for two years.

Chapter XXXI-Receiving Property Stolen or Unlawfully Obtained and Like Offences 318. (1) 318. (2) Receiving or retaining May arrest without stolen property. warrant. Receiving property Ditto. unlawfully obtained, converted or disposed of. Imprisonment for seven years. Same punishment as for offender by whom the property was obtained, converted or disposed of. 319. Failing to account for Ditto. possession of property suspected to be stolen or unlawfully obtained. Imprisonment for two years.

unlawfully

320.

Receiving goods stolen Ditto. outside Zambia

Imprisonment for seven years.

Chapter XXXIII-Frauds by Trustees and Persons in a Position of Trust, and False Accounting 323. Fraudulently disposing of Imprisonment for seven trust property. warrant. Directors and officers of corporations fraudulently appropriating property, or keeping fraudulent accounts, or falsifying books or accounts. False statements by May arrest without officials of corporations. Fraudulent false accounting by clerk or servant. May arrest without years. Ditto. Ditto.

324.

325. 326.

Imprisonment for seven warrant. years. Ditto. Ditto.

327.

False accounting by public officer.

Ditto.

Imprisonment for two years.

DIVISION VI-MALICIOUS INJURIES TO PROPERTY


Chapter XXXIV-Offences Causing Injury to Property 328. 329. 330. 331. seven 332. 333. 334. seven years. In any other case. 335. (1) 335. (2) Ditto. Imprisonment for two years. Ditto. Ditto. Ditto. Imprisonment for life. Arson. Attempt to commit arson. May arrest without warrant. Ditto. Imprisonment for life. Imprisonment for fourteen years. Ditto. Ditto. Imprisonment for years Imprisonment for life. Imprisonment for fourteen years. Ditto. Imprisonment for

Setting fire to crops or Ditto. growing plants. Attempting to set fire to crops or growing plants. Casting away a vessel. Ditto. Attempt to cast away a Ditto. vessel. Injuring animalsIn certain specified cases;

Destroying or damaging property in general. Destroying or damaging an inhabited house or a vessel with explosives. Destroying or damaging river bank or wall, or navigation works or bridges. Destroying or damaging wills or registers. Destroying or damaging wrecks.

335. (3)

Ditto. Ditto.

335. (4) 335. (5) seven 335. (6)

Ditto. Imprisonment for fourteen years. Ditto. Imprisonment for years. Ditto. Imprisonment for

Destroying or damaging

railways.

fourteen years.

Section

Offence

4 Punishment under the Whether the police may Penal Code. arrest without warrant (N.B.-Vide also or not sections 26 and 38, Penal Code.) Ditto. Imprisonment for years. Ditto. Ditto. Imprisonment for warrant. fourteen years. Ditto. Imprisonment for years. Ditto. Imprisonment for three years. Imprisonment for three months or fine or six hundred penalty units. Ditto. Ditto. Imprisonment for ten years.

335.(7) seven 335.(8) 336.

Destroying or damaging property ofspecial value. Destroying or damaging deeds or records. Attempt to destroy or May arrest without damage property by use of explosives. Communicating infectious disease to animals.

337. seven 338. 339.

Removing boundary marks with intent to defraud. Removing or injuring Ditto. survey or boundary marks. Injuring or obstructing Ditto. railway works, etc., Threatening to burn any building, etc., or to kill or wound any cattle.

340. 341.

DIVISION VII-FORGERY, COINING, COUNTERFEITING AND SIMILAR OFFENCES


Chapter XXXVI-Forgery 347. Forgery (where no special Imprisonment for three punishment is provided). Forgery of a will, Ditto. document of title, security, cheque, etc. Forgery of judicial or official document. Ditto. May arrest without warrant. years.

348.

Imprisonment for life.

349. 350. 351. 352. for 353. 354.

Imprisonment for seven years. Ditto. Ditto. Ditto. Ditto. Ditto. Same punishment as forgery of document.

Forgery, etc., of stamps. Making of instrumeents, etc., for forgery. Uttering false document.

Uttering cancelled or exhausted document. Procuring execution of document by false pretences.

Ditto. Ditto.

Ditto. Ditto.

355. seven 356. 357. instrument.

Obliterating or altering the crossing on a cheque. Making or executing Ditto. document without authority. Demanding property Ditto. upon forged testamentary instrument.

Ditto. Imprisonment for years. Ditto. Same punishment as for forgery of

358.

Purchasing or receiving Imprisonment for seven forged bank note. warrant. Falsifying warrant for Ditto.

May arrest without years. Ditto.

359.

money payable under public authority.

Section

Offence

4 Punishment under the Whether the police may Penal Code. arrest without warrant (N.B.-Vide also or not sections 26 and 38, Penal Code.) Ditto. Ditto. Ditto. Ditto. Ditto. Imprisonment for three years.

360. 361. 362.

Permitting falsification of register or record. Sending false certificate of marriage to registrar. Making false statement for insertion in register of births, deaths or marriages.

Chapter XXXVII-Offences Relating to Coin 364. 365. 366. 367. Counterfeiting coin. May arrest without warrant. Imprisonment for life. Ditto. Ditto. Imprisonment for seven years. Ditto. Imprisonment for six months or fine of three thousand penalty units or both. Imprisonment for seven years. Ditto. Imprisonment for two years. Imprisonment for three years. Ditto. Imprisonment for one year. Ditto. Imprisonment for fourteen years.

Making preparations for coining. Clipping current coin. Ditto. Melting down of currency.

368. 369. 370. 371. 372.

Being in possession of Ditto. clippings. Uttering counterfeit coin. Repeated uttering of counterfeit coin. Uttering foreign coin or metal as current coin. Exporting counterfeit coin. Ditto.

Chapter XXXVIII-Counterfeit Stamps 374. Being in possession etc., of, Imprisonment for seven die or paper used for warrant. purpose of making revenue stamps. Being in possession, etc., of die or paper used for postage stamps. May arrest without years.

375.

Ditto. Imprisonment for one year or fine of one thousand five hundred penalty units.

Chapter XXXIX-Counterfeiting Trade Marks 377. Counterfeiting, etc., trade Imprisonment for two mark. warrant. Shall not arrest without years.

Chapter XL-Personation 378. Personation in general. May arrest without warrant. If representation that the seven offender is a person entitled by will or operation of law to any specific property and he commits the offence to obtain such property. 379. Falsely acknowledging Ditto. deeds, recognizances, etc. years. Imprisonment for two years. Ditto. Imprisonment for

Imprisonment for two years.

380. for 381. 382.

Personation of a person named in a certificate. Lending, etc., certificate for purposes of personation. Personation of person Ditto. named in a testimonial of character. Lending, etc., testimonial of character for purposes of

Ditto. Same punishment as forgery of certificate. Ditto. Imprisonment for two years. Imprisonment for one year. Ditto. Imprisonment for two years.

383.

personation.

DIVISION IX-ATTEMPTS AND CONSPIRACIES TO COMMIT CRIMES, AND ACCESSORIES AFTER THE FACT
Chapter XLII-Attempts 390. Attempt to commit a According as to whether Imprisonment for two felony or misdemeanour. or not the offence is one years, unless otherwise for which the police may stated. arrest without a warrant. Attempt to commit a May arrest without felony punishable with warrant. death or imprisonment for fourteen years or upwards. Imprisonment for seven years.

391.

392.

Attempts to procure May arrest without Same punishment as for commission of criminal warrant if arrest for offence an attempt to commit the acts in Zambia or attempted to be procured act attempted to be elsewhere. may be made without procured. warrant, but not otherwise. Neglecting to prevent Shall not arrest without Imprisonment for two commission or completion warrant. years. of a felony.

393.

Chapter XLIII-Conspiracies 394. Conspiracy to commit a Imprisonment for seven felony. warrant. May arrest without years.

395.

Conspiracy to commit a According as to whether Imprisonment for two misdemeanour. or not the misdemeanour years. is one for which the police may arrest without warrant. Conspiracy to effect Shall not arrest without Ditto. certain specified purposes. warrant.

396.

Chapter XLIV-Accessories after the Fact

398. 399.

Being an accessory May arrest without after the fact to a felony. Being an accessory after Imprisonment for two the fact to a misdemeanour.

Imprisonment for three warrant. years. Shall not arrest without warrant. years.

(As amended by No. 28 of 1940, No. 5 of 1962, Nos. 11 and 18 of 1963, No. 1 of 1967, No. 9 of 1968 and No. 40 of 1969)

SECOND SCHEDULE (Section 137) (As amended by G.N. No. 55 of 1939 and Act No. 11 of 1963)

FORMS OF STATING OFFENCES IN INFORMATIONS


1-MURDER Murder, contrary to section 200 of the Penal Code. Particulars of Offence A.B., on the day of of the Province of Zambia, murdered J.S. , in the District

2-ACCESSORY AFTER THE FACT TO MURDER Accessory after the fact to murder, contrary to section 217 of the Penal Code. Particulars of Offence A.B., well knowing that one, H.C., did on the day of , in the District of the Province of Zambia, murder C.C., did on the day of , in the District of the Province of Zambia, and on other days thereafter, receive, comfort, harbour, assist and maintain the said H.C. 3-MANSLAUGHTER Manslaughter, contrary to section 199 of the Penal Code. Particulars of Offence A.B., on the day of , in the of the Province of Zambia, unlawfully killed J.S. 4-RAPE Rape, contrary to section 132 of the Penal Code.

District

Particulars of Offence A.B., on the day of , in the of the Province of Zambia, had carnal knowledge of E.F., without her consent. 5-WOUNDING First Count Wounding with intent, contrary to section 224 of the Penal Code. Particulars of Offence A.B., on the day of , in the District of the Province of Zambia, wounded C.D., with intent to maim, disfigure or disable, or to do some grievous harm, or to resist the lawful arrest of him the said A.B. (as the case may be). Second Count Wounding, contrary to section 232 of the Penal Code. Particulars of Offence A.B., on the of the 6-THEFT First Count Theft, contrary to section 272 of the Penal Code. Particulars of Offence A.B., on the day of , in the the Province of Zambia, stole a bag, the property of C.D. Second Count Receiving stolen goods, contrary to section 318 of the Penal Code. Particulars of Offence A.B., on the day of , in the District of the Province of Zambia, did receive a bag, the property of C.D., knowing the same to have been stolen. District of day of , in the Province of Zambia, unlawfully wounded C.D. District District

7-THEFT BY CLERK Theft by clerk or servant, contrary to section 272 and section 278 of the Penal Code. Particulars of Offence A.B., on the day of , in the District of the Province of Zambia, being clerk or servant to M.N., stole from the said M.N. ten yards of cloth. 8-ROBBERY Robbery with violence, contrary to section 292 of the Penal Code. Particulars of Offence A.B., on the day of , in the District of the Province of Zambia, robbed C.D. of a watch, and at or immediately before or immediately after the time of such robbery did use personal violence to the said C.D. 9-BURGLARY Burglary, contrary to section 301 of the Penal Code. Particulars of Offence A.B., in the night of the day of , in the District of the Province of Zambia, did break and enter the dwelling-house of C.D., with intent to commit a felony therein. 10-BURGLARY AND THEFT Burglary and theft, contrary to section 301 and section 272 of the Penal Code. Particulars of Offence A.B., in the night of the day of , in the District of the Province of Zambia, did break and enter the dwelling-house of C.D. with intent to steal therein, and did steal therein one watch, the property of S.T., the said watch being of the value of twenty kwacha.

11-THREATS Demanding property by written threats, contrary to section 296 of the Penal Code. Particulars of Offence A.B., on the day of , in the District of the Province of Zambia, with intent to extort money from C.D., caused the said C.D. to receive a letter containing threats of injury or detriment to be caused to E.F. 12-ATTEMPTS TO EXTORT Attempt to extort by threats, contrary to section 297 of the Penal Code. Particulars of Offence A.B., on the day of , in the District of the Province of Zambia, with intent to extort money from C.D., accused or threatened to accuse the said C.D. of an unnatural offence. 13-FALSE PRETENCES Obtaining goods by false pretences, contrary to section 309 of the Penal Code. Particulars of Offence A.B., on the day of , in the District of the Province of Zambia, with intent to defraud, obtained from S.P. five yards of cloth by falsely pretending that the said A.B. was a servant to J.S., and that he, the said A.B., had then been sent by the said J.S. to S.P., for the said cloth, and that he, the said A.B., was then authorised by the said J.S. to receive the said cloth on behalf of the said J.S. 14-CONSPIRACY TO DEFRAUD Conspiracy to defraud, contrary to section 313 of the Penal Code. Particulars of Offence A.B., and C.D., on the day of , and on divers days between that day and the day of , in the District of the Province of Zambia, conspired together with intent to defraud by means of an advertisement inserted by them, the said A.B. and C.D., in the H.S. newspaper, falsely representing that A.B. and C.D. were then carrying on a genuine business as jewellers at , in the Province of , and that they were then able to supply certain articles of jewellery to whomsoever would remit to them the sum of four kwacha.

15-ARSON Arson, contrary to section 328 of the Penal Code. Particulars of Offence A.B., on the the day of ,in the District of Province of Zambia, wilfully and unlawfully set fire to a house.

16-ARSON AND ACCESSORY BEFORE THE FACT A.B., arson, contrary to section 328 of the Penal Code. C.D., accessory before the fact to same offence. Particulars of Offence A.B., on the day of , in the District of the Province of Zambia, wilfully and unlawfully set fire to a house. C.D., on the same day, in the District of the Province of Zambia, did counsel or procure the said A.B. to commit the said offence. 17-DAMAGE Damaging trees, contrary to section 335 of the Penal Code. Particulars of Offence A.B., on the day of the a cocoa tree there growing. 18-FORGERY First Count Forgery, contrary to section 348 of the Penal Code. Particulars of Offence A.B., on the the be the will of C.D. Second Count Uttering a false document, contrary to section 352 of the Penal Code. Particulars of Offence day of , in the District of Province of Zambia, forged a certain will purporting to , in the District of Province of Zambia, wilfully and unlawfully damaged

A.B., on the day of , in the District of the Province of Zambia, knowingly and fraudulently uttered a certain forged will purporting to be the will of C.D. 19-COUNTERFEIT COIN Uttering counterfeit coin, contrary to section 369 of the Penal Code. Particulars of Offence A.B., on the day of , at market in the District of the Province of Zambia, uttered a counterfeit ngwee, knowing the same to be counterfeit. 20-PERJURY Perjury, contrary to section 104 of the Penal Code. Particulars of Offence A.B., on the day of ,in the District of the Province of Zambia, being a witness upon the trial of an action in the High Court for Zambia at Lusaka, in which one was plaintiff, and one was defendant, knowingly gave false testimony that he saw one M.W. in the street called on the day of 21-DEFAMATORY LIBEL Publishing defamatory matter, contrary to section 191 of the Penal Code. Particulars of Offence A.B., on the day of , in the District of the Province of Zambia, published defamatory matter affecting E.F., in the form of a letter (book, pamphlet, picture, or as the case may be). (Innuendo should be stated where necessary.) 22-FALSE ACCOUNTING First Count Fraudulent false accounting, contrary to section 326 of the Penal Code. Particulars of Offence A.B., on the day of , in the District of the Province of Zambia, being clerk or servant to C.D., with intent to defraud, made or was privy to making a false entry in a cash book belonging to

the said C.D., his employer, purporting to show that on the said day two hundred kwacha had been paid to L.M. Second Count Same as first count. Particulars of Offence A.B., on the day of ,in the District of the Province of Zambia, being clerk or servant to C.D., with intent to defraud, omitted or was privy to omitting from a cash book belonging to the said C.D., his employer, a material particular, that is to say, the receipt of the said day of one hundred kwacha from H.S. 23-THEFT BY AGENT First Count Theft by agent, contrary to section 272 and section 280 of the Penal Code. Particulars of Offence A.B., on the day of , in the District of the Province of Zambia, stole two hundred kwacha which had been entrusted to him by H.S., for him, the said A.B., to retain in safe custody. Second Count Theft by agent, contrary to section 272 and section 280 of the Penal Code. Particulars of Offence A.B., on the day of , in the District of the Province of Zambia, stole two hundred kwacha which had been received by him, for an on account of L.M. 24-PREVIOUS CONVICTION of Prior to the commission of the said offence, the said A.B. had been previously convicted on the day of at the held at

THIRD SCHEDULE

(Sections 342, 343 and 357)

PRESCRIBED FEES
A-FEES GENERALLY On every summons or warrant . . .. .. .. .. .. On certifying a copy of a document as an office copy . . .. 8 On copies of proceedings, for every 100 words or part of 100 words. . 2 Units .. .. 4 .. ..

.. ..

B-FEES TO BE TAKEN BY MAGISTRATE UNDER SECTION 342 On drawing case and copywhen the case does not excedd 5 folios of 100 words each . . when the case exceeds 5 folios, then for every additional folio 2 On recognizance . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. On every enlargement or renewal thereof . . .. .. .. On certificate of refusal of case. . .. .. .. .. .. (As amended by Act No. 13 of 1994) .. .. 8 .. .. Units .. 15 .. ..

.. 3

FOURTH SCHEDULE (Section 358)

PRESCRIBED FORMS
1. Charge. 2. Summons to accused. 3. Proof of previous convictions. 4. Warrant to arrest accused. 5. Warrant to bring a prisoner before the court. 6. Information to ground search warrant. 7. Search warrant for stolen goods. 8. Summons to a witness. 8a. Summons to a Witness. 9. Warrant where witness has not obeyed summons. 10. Warrant for witness in first instance. 11. Warrant for prisoner to give evidence. 12. Deposition of witnesses on investigation before commitment. 13. Statement of accused on investigation before commitment. 14. Warrant of commitment on remand. 15. Warrant of commitment on remand. 16. Commitment of witness for refusing to enter into recognizance. 17. Recognizance to surrender for trial. 18. Recognizance to surrender after remand or adjournment. 19. Recognizance of witness under arrest, to give evidence. 20. Recognizance of witness to give evidence. 21. Recognizance of witness to give evidence. 22. Recognizance to keep the peace or be of good behaviour. 23. Recognizance of person sentenced, pending confirmation of sentence. 24. Recognizance of appellant to prosecute appeal and submit to judgment. 25. Notice to witness bound over that he is to be treated as having been bound over conditionally. 26. Notice directing witness to appear at a Sessions of the High Court other than that specified in his recognizance. 27. Notice requiring attendance of witness bound over or treated as bound over conditionally. 28. Certificate and order to be endorsed on recognizance on non-performance. 29. Conviction for a penalty to be levied by distress, and, in default of sufficient distress, imprisonment. 30. Warrant of distress. 31. Warrant of commitment (on default of distress or of payment). 32. Warrant of commitment to undergo sentence of imprisonment (where no alternative punishment).

33. 34. 35. 36. 37.

Notice of appeal against conviction and/or sentence. Case stated. Summons to assessor. Notification of acquittal. Certificate of previous convictions.

1-CHARGE
In the Subordinate Court of A.B., of , being first duly sworn, charges that (state the offence with time and place where committed). (Complainant) Taken and sworn at this before me: (Magistrate) day of , 19 ,

2-SUMMONS TO ACCUSED
In the Subordinate Court of To A.B., of . .

Whereas your attendance is necessary to answer to a complaint of (state shortly the offence complained of with time and place). You are hereby commanded in the name of the President to appear (in person), before this Court at on the day of , 19 , and on every adjournment of the Court until the case be disposed of. Issued at (Magistrate) the day of , 19 .

(As amended by S.I. No. 152 of 1965)

3-PROOF OF PREVIOUS CONVICTIONS


PART I NOTICE OF INTENTION TO CITE PREVIOUS CONVICTIONS (Section 142 (3)) In the Subordinate Court (Class ............................) of the holden at ......................... THE PEOPLE v. ................................................ You are hereby given notice that if, but only if, you are convicted of (any of) the offence(s) of in respect of which you are required to appear, or are entitled, having signed an Admission of Guilt, under the provisions of section 221 of the Criminal Procedure Code, to appear before the above-mentioned Subordinate Court on the 19 ..... the undermentioned convictions which are recorded against you will be brought to the notice of the Court; and if you are not present in person before the Court, the Court may take account of any such previous conviction as if you had appeared and admitted it. Item No. Date of conviction Court Offence Sentence

(Signed) for Officer in Charge If you do not intend to appear in person at the hearing and you dispute any of the above convictions, or any of the details in connection with them, you should immediately notify the officer in charge of the Police* at so that further inquiries can be made. Nothing in this notice limits in any way your right to appear in person on the date fixed for the hearing and to dispute any conviction alleged against you. NOTE.-This form and the provisions of sections 142 (3) and 221, Criminal Procedure Code, have no application to charges against juveniles. *Insert "Station" or "Traffic Section" or otherwise as appropriate

PART II NOTICE THAT RECORD OF PREVIOUS CONVICTIONS IS DISPUTED (To be completed by the person served with the notice in Part I above, then detached and handed to the police officer who served Part I or to the addressee.) To Officer in Charge, (Insert designation of police formation.) 1. I, ., acknowledge receipt of a notice of intention to cite previous convictions in the event of my being convicted of the charge(s) to be made against me in the Subordinate Court (Class ) at . on the ................ day of .................... 19 ...... 2. I dispute the accuracy of the statement of previous convictions contained in the said notice in respect of the following particulars: (i) I deny the following convictions: Item No. Date of conviction Court Offence Sentence

(Here insert particulars of convictions recorded in the notice in Part I which are not admitted.) (ii) I say that the particulars of the conviction shown in item(s) No(s)............are incorrect and should be as stated below: Item Date of No. conviction Court Offence Sentence (Here insert against the appropriate date the particulars of the court, offence and sentence which are admitted .) Witness .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... (G.N. No. 1 of 1961)

(Signature or thumbprint)

4-WARRANT TO ARREST ACCUSED


In the Subordinate Court of . To X.Y., Police Officer, and other Officers. Whereas of is accused of the offence of (state the offence with time and place.). You are hereby commanded in the name of the President forthwith to apprehend the said and produce him before the Court at . Issued at (Magistrate) If the said shall give bail himself in the sum of with one surety in the sum of (or two sureties each in the sum of to attend before the Court at on the day of and to continue so to attend until otherwise directed by the Court, he shall be released. Issued at (Magistrate) (As amended by S.I. No. 152 of 1965 and S.I. No. 177 of 1968) the day of ,19 . the day of , 19 .

5-WARRANT TO BRING A PRISONER BEFORE THE COURT


In the Subordinate Court of . To the Officer in charge of the Prison at Whereas A.B., a prisoner under your custody, is accused of the offence of (state offence). on You are hereby commanded to produce the said A.B. before the Court at the day of , 19 . the day of , 19 .

Issued at (Magistrate)

6-INFORMATION TO GROUND SEARCH WARRANT


In the Subordinate Court of A.B., of . , being first duly sworn, complains that on the day of the following goods (here describe the goods) were stolen and unlawfully carried away from and out of at and that he has reasonable cause to suspect, and does suspect that these goods, or some of them, are concealed in the dwelling-house or premises (or as the case may be) of C.D., situate at , for he, the said A.B., deposes and says that (state shortly the grounds on which the warrant is applied for). (Signature of the person applying for warrant) Taken and sworn at this of before me: (Magistrate) ,19 , day

7-SEARCH WARRANT FOR STOLEN GOODS


In the Subordinate Court of . To X.Y., Police Officer, and other Officers. A.B., of has this day made information on oath that (copy No. 6 from "the following" down to "for he"). You are hereby authorised and commanded in the name of the President with proper assistance, to enter the of C.D. aforesaid (in the daytime), and there diligently search for the said goods, and if the same or any thereof are found on search, to bring the goods so found, and also the said C.D., before this Court to be dealt with according to law. Issued at (Magistrate) the day of , 19 .

(As amended by S.I. No. 152 of 1965)

8-SUMMONS TO A WITNESS
In the Subordinate Court of A.B. v. C.D. To You are hereby commanded in the name of the President to attend in person before this Court at on the day of and so from day to day till the above cause be tried, to testify all that you know in the said cause. You are summoned at the instance of Issued at the (Clerk of the Court) (G.N. No. 470 of 1964 as amended by S.I. No. 152 of 1965) APPENDIX (Paragraph 2 (b)) day of 19 . .

8A-SUMMONS TO A WITNESS
In the High Court for Zambia ...................................................................................................holden at THE PEOPLE versus To of ......................................

You are hereby commanded in the name of the President to attend in person before this Court at on the .................................. day of 19.......... and so from day to day till the above cause be tried, to testify all that you know in the said cause. You are summoned at the instance of the STATE. Issued at the ..................day of .................. , 19............. (Clerk of Sessions) (As Amended by S.I. No. 224 of 1979)

9-WARRANT WHERE WITNESS HAS NOT OBEYED SUMMONS


In the Subordinate Court of A.B. v. C.D. To X.Y., Police Officer, and other Officers. E.F. was commanded to appear before this Court at on the day of ,19 , and subsequent days, to testify what he knew in the above cause; but he has not appeared according to the said summons and has not excused his failure. Therefore you are hereby commanded in the name of the President to apprehend and to bring and have the said E.F. before this Court at on the day of , 19 . Issued (Magistrate) at the day of , 19 . .

(As amended by S.I. No. 152 of 1965)

10-WARRANT FOR WITNESS IN FIRST INSTANCE


In the Subordinate Court of A.B. v. C.D. To X.Y., Police Officer, and other Officers. It appears to the Court that E.F. is likely to give material evidence concerning the above cause, and will not probably attend unless compelled to do so. Therefore you are hereby commanded in the name of the President to apprehend and to bring and have the said E.F. before this Court at on the day of , 19 . Issued at (Magistrate) (As Amended by S.I. No. 152 of 1965) the day of , 19 . .

11-WARRANT FOR PRISONER TO GIVE EVIDENCE


In the Subordinate Court of A.B. v. C.D. To the Officer in charge of the Prison at You are hereby commanded to have E.F., a prisoner under your custody, before the Court at on the day of next, to give evidence in the above-named cause, and immediately after he has there and then given his evidence to return. Issued at (Magistrate) the day of ,19 . .

12-DEPOSITION OF WITNESSES ON INVESTIGATION BEFORE COMMITMENT


In the Subordinate Court of . A.B., of , stands charged before the Court for that he (state offence as in summons or warrant) and (in the presence and hearing of the said A.B.) C.D., E.F., etc., depose on oath as follows: First. The said C.D., being sworn, says as follows: (state the deposition of the witness in the precise words he uses, or as nearly as possible. when his deposition is complete it shall be read to the witness and he shall sign it. The Magistrate shall also sign it). Secondly. The said E.F., being sworn, etc. (record successively, in like manner as the first, the deposition of all the witnesses for the prosecution and for the defence, distinguishing the latter by placing the words " called for defendant", or to the like effect, after their names. Where the witness deposes in any language but English, the language shall be stated, with the name and description of the interpreter, who also shall sign the deposition). The above depositions of C.D., E.F., etc., were taken before me at the day of , 19 .(a) (Magistrate) (Interpreter) (a) If the depositions have been taken on more days than one, the date of each is to be stated.

13-STATEMENT OF ACCUSED ON INVESTIGATION BEFORE COMMITMENT


In the Subordinate Court of . A.B., of , stands accused before the Court for that he (state offence as in the summons or warrant), and C.D., E.F., etc., the witnesses for the prosecution, having been severally examined in his presence and hearing, these questions are now put to the said A.B. by the Court, and the answer noted after each question are returned thereto by the said A.B., namely: (a) Do you wish to say anything in answer to the charge? You are not obliged to say anything unless you desire to do so, but whatever you say will be taken down in writing and may be given in evidence upon your trial. (b) Do you wish to call any witnesses before this Court? (c) Do you wish to call any witnesses at your trial? If so, do you wish to give their names, so that they may be summoned? (Each question, with its answer, is to be noted before putting the subsequent question. Where the statement of the accused is made through an interpreter, it is to be so stated, with the name and description of the interpreter, who shall also sign.) And I certify that the foregoing was taken at on the day of , 19 , in my presence and hearing, and contains accurately the whole of the statement of the said A.B. Taken at (Accused) (Magistrate) (Interpreter) the day of , 19 .

14-WARRANT OF COMMITMENT ON REMAND (Sections 202 and 227)


In the Subordinate Court (Class holden at Case No. /19 . ) of the

To each and all Police Officers of Zambia and to the Superintendent/Officer in Charge of the Government Prison at WHEREAS (hereinafter called the accused) appeared this day before this Court charged with* AND the hearing being adjourned, and the accused remanded in custody: YOU, the said Police Officers, are hereby commanded to convey the accused to the said prison and there deliver the accused to the Superintendent/Officer in Charge thereof, together with this warrant; and you, the Superintendent/Officer in Charge of the said prison to receive him/her into your custody and, unless he/she shall have been bailed in the meantime, to keep him/her until the day of 19 , and on that day to convey him/her at the hour of o'clock in the noon before this Court to be further dealt with according to law, unless you, the said Superintendent/Officer in Charge, shall be otherwise ordered in the meantime. Dated at the day of , 19 . (Magistrate) *State the offence. No adjournment shall be for more than fifteen clear days. NOTE.-For endorsement for bail, see back. ENDORSEMENT (To be completed only where bail is allowed) The Court hereby certifies that the accused may be bailed by recognizance, himself/herself in the sum of , with surety/ies in the sum of (each), to appear before this Court on the day of , 19 , at the hour of o'clock in the noon (and at every time and place to which during the course of the proceedings against the accused the hearing may be from time to time adjourned), and that the accused has (not) entered into his/her recognizance. (G.N. No. 366 of 1962)

15-WARRANT OF COMMITMENT IN CUSTODY FOR TRIAL (Section 231)


In the Subordinate Court (Class holden at Case No. /19 ) of the .

To each and all Police Officers of Zambia and to the Superintendent/Officer in Charge of the Government Prison at and to any Prison Officer into whose hands this warrant shall come. WHEREAS (hereinafter called the accused) appeared this day before this Court charged with* AND WHEREAS the said Court, after due inquiry, committed the accused for trial at the next sessions of the High Court for the Province and remanded him in custody, NOW THEREFORE YOU, the said Police Officers, are hereby commanded to convey the accused to the said prison and there deliver the accused to the Superintendent/Officer in Charge thereof, together with this warrant; and you the Superintendent/Officer in Charge of the said prison are hereby commanded to receive the accused into your custody and to keep the accused until delivered in due course of law. Dated at 19 . (Magistrate) (G.N. No. 366 of 1962) *State the offence. the day of

16-COMMITMENT OF WITNESS FOR REFUSING TO ENTER INTO RECOGNIZANCE


In the Subordinate Court of . To X.Y., Police Officer, and other Officers. A.B., of , has been charged before this Court with the offence of (state the offence). And E.F., of, having been now examined before this Court concerning the said charge, and being required, refuses to enter into a recognizance to give evidence concerning the said charge. Therefore you are hereby commanded in the name of the President to lodge the said E.F. in the prison at , there to be imprisoned by the officer in charge of the said prison until after the trial of the said A.B. for the said offence, unless the said E.F. in the meantime consents to enter into such recognizance as aforesaid. Dated (Magistrate) at the day of , 19 .

17-RECOGNIZANCE TO SURRENDER FOR TRIAL (Section 231)


In the Subordinate Court of . Whereas (state cause of complaint with time and place). The undersigned principal party to this recognizance hereby binds himself to perform the following obligation: To attend the Sessions at on the day of , 19 , and there to surrender himself, and plead to any information filed against him for the said offence, and so from day to day, and take his trial for the same and not depart the Court without leave, and also to attend at any investigation or proceeding concerning the said charge, before the trial, when and where he may be required. And the said principal party, together with the undersigned sureties, hereby severally acknowledge themselves bound to forfeit the sums following, viz.: The said principal party the sum of kwacha, and the said sureties the sum of kwacha each, in case the said principal party fails to perform the above obligation or any part thereof. (Signed) (Signed) (Signed)
Taken before me at the (Magistrate) day of

Principal Party.

} Sureties.
, 19 .

(G.N. No. 128 of 1961 as amended by S.I. No. 152 of 1965)

18-RECOGNIZANCE TO SURRENDER AFTER REMAND OR ADJOURNMENT (Section 123 or 227)


In the Subordinate Court of . Whereas (hereinafter called "the principal party") stands charged with (state cause of complaint with time and place) contra section

of

The undersigned principal party to this recognizance hereby binds himself to perform the following obligations: To appear before the Court at . on and on any other prior or subsequent day when required by the Court to answer the said charge and to be dealth with according to law. And the said principal party, together with the undersigned sureties, hereby severally acknowledge themselves bound to forfeit the sums following viz.: The said principal party the sum of kwacha and the said sureties the sum of kwacha each, in case the said principal party fails to perform the above obligation or any part thereof. (Signed) (Signed) (Signed)
Taken before me at (Magistrate) (G.N. No. 128 of 1961 as amended by S.I. No. 152 of 1965)

Principal Party.

} Sureties.
the day of , 19 .

19-RECOGNIZANCE OF WITNESS UNDER ARREST, TO GIVE EVIDENCE (Section 146)


In the Subordinate Court of . Whereas stands charged before this Court for that he (state cause of complaint with time and place). The undersigned principal party to this recognizance hereby binds himself to perform the following obligation: To attend the Court at on the day of , 19 , and on any other prior or subsequent day when required by the Court, and there to give evidence touching and concerning the said charge. And the said principal party, together with the undersigned sureties, hereby severally acknowledge themselves bound to forfeit the sums following, viz.: The said principal party the sum of kwacha and the said sureties the sum of kwacha each. in case the said principal party fails to perform the above obligation or any part thereof. (Signed) (Signed) (Signed)
Taken before me at (Magistrate) (G.N. No. 128 of 1961 as amended by S.I. No. 152 of 1965)

Principal Party.

Sureties.
the day of , 19 .

20-RECOGNIZANCE OF WITNESS TO GIVE EVIDENCE (Section 233)


(This form is to be used where the next Sessions of the High Court for the Province or District in which the subordinate court is situate are due to be held more than fourteen days from the date of the committal.) In the Subordinate Court of .

Whereas stands charged before this Court for that he (state cause of complaint with time and place). The undersigned principal party to this recognizance hereby binds himself to perform the following obligation (see note below): To attend the Sessions of the High Court to be held at on the day of , 19 , or such other Sessions of which the principal party may be notified in writing, and there to give evidence touching and concerning the said charge, and also to attend and give evidence at any further examination, investigation or proceeding concerning the said charge, before the trial, when and where he may be required by notice in writing. And the said principal party, together with the undersigned sureties, hereby severally acknowledge themselves bound to forfeit the sums following, viz.: The said principal party the sum of kwacha and the said sureties the sum of kwacha each, in case the said principal party fails to perform the above obligation or any part thereof. (Signed) (Signed) (Signed)
Taken before me at (Magistrate)

Principal Party.

}
the

Sureties.
day of , 19 .

NOTE.-In the case of a conditional recognizance made under section 236, Criminal Procedure Code here insert:"conditionally upon receipt of a notice in that behalf". (G.N. No. 128 of 1961 as amended by S.I. No. 152 of 1965)

21-RECOGNIZANCE OF WITNESS TO GIVE EVIDENCE (Section 233)


(This form is to be used where the next Sessions of the High Court for the Province or District in which the subordinate court is situate are due to be held within fourteen days or less from the date of committal.) In the Subordinate Court of Whereas for that he and place). . stands charged before this Court (state cause of complaint with time

The undersigned principal party to this recognizance hereby binds himself to perform the following obligation (see note below): To attend the Sessions of the High Court of which the principal party shall be notified in writing, and there to give evidence touching and concerning the said charge, and also to attend and give evidence at any further examination, investigation or proceeding concerning the said charge, before the trial, when and where he may be required by notice in writing. And the said principal party, together with the undersigned sureties, hereby severally acknowledge themselves bound to forfeit the sums following, viz.: The said principal party the sum of kwacha and the said sureties the sum of kwacha each, in case the said principal party fails to perform the above obligation or any part thereof. (Signed) (Signed) (Signed)
Taken before me at (Magistrate)

Principal Party.

}Sureties.
the day of , 19 .

NOTE.-In the case of a conditional recognizance made under section 236, Criminal Procedure Code, here insert: "conditionally upon receipt of a notice in that behalf". (G.N. No. 128 of 1961 as amended by S.I. No. 152 of 1965)

22-RECOGNIZANCE TO KEEP THE PEACE OR BE OF GOOD BEHAVIOUR (Section 51, Criminal Procedure Code, or Section 31, Penal Code)
In the Subordinate Court of Whereas . (state cause of complaint with time and place).

The undersigned principal party to this recognizance hereby binds himself to perform the following obligation: To keep the peace (or be of good behaviour) towards all persons within Zambia, and particularly towards of for the space of months. And the said principal party, together with the undersigned sureties, hereby severally acknowledge themselves bound to forfeit the sums following, viz.: The said principal party the sum of kwacha and the said sureties the sum of kwacha each, in case the said principal party fails to perform the above obligation or any part thereof. (Signed) (Signed) (Signed)
Taken before me at (Magistrate)

Principal Party.

}Sureties.
the day of , 19 .

(G.N. No. 128 of 1961 as amended by S.I. No. 152 of 1965)

23-RECOGNIZANCE OF PERSON SENTENCED, PENDING CONFIRMATION OF SENTENCE (Section13 (1))


In the Subordinate Court of . Whereas the undersigned principal party was convicted by this Court on the day of , 19 , for the offence of (state offence with particulars of law contravened and date and place of offence) and was sentenced or ordered to (state sentence or order). And whereas the said sentence requires to be confirmed by the High Court. The principal party to this recognizance hereby binds himself to perform the following obligation: Unless the said sentence or or order shall not be confirmed and no other sentence ororder substituted by the High Court, to appear before this Court at within ten days after the principal party shall be notified of the decision of the High Court with regard to the said conviction or order. And the said principal party, together with the undersigned sureties, hereby severally acknowledge themselves bound to forfeit the sums following, viz.: The said principal party the sum of kwacha and the said sureties the sum of kwacha each, in case the said principal party fails to perform the above obligation or any part thereof. (Signed) (Signed) (Signed)
Taken before me at (Magistrate)

Principal Party.

} Sureties.
the day of , 19 .

(G.N. No. 128 of 1961 as amended by G.N. No. 493 of 1964 and S.I. No. 152 of 1965)

24-RECOGNIZANCE OF APPELLANT TO PROSECUTE APPEAL AND SUBMIT TO JUDGMENT (Section 332)


In the Subordinate Court of . Whereas the undersigned principal party was convicted by this Court on the day of , 19 , for the offence of (state offence with particulars of law contravened and date and place of offence) and was sentenced or ordered to (state sentence or order). And whereas the principal party desires to appeal to the High Court against the said conviction and/or sentence. The principal party to this recognizance hereby binds himself to perform the following obligation: To prosecute without delay his appeal to the High Court against the said conviction and/or sentence, to submit to the judgment of the High Court and pay such costs as may be awarded by such Court and, unless the determination appealed against is reversed, to appear before this Court at within ten days after the said judgment is given. And the said principal party, together with the undersigned sureties, hereby severally acknowledge themselves bound to forfeit the sums following, viz.: The said principal party the sum of kwacha and the said sureties the sum of kwacha each, in case the said principal party fails to perform the above obligation or any part thereof. (Signed) (Signed) (Signed)
Taken before me at the (Magistrate) day of

Principal Party.

} Sureties.
, 19 .

(G.N. No. 128 of 1961 as amended by G.N. No. 493 of 1964 and S.I. No. 152 of 1965)

25-NOTICE TO WITNESS BOUND OVER THAT HE IS TO BE TREATED AS HAVING BEEN BOUND OVER CONDITIONALLY (SECTION 236 (1))
In the Subordinate Court of To (insert name of witness). Whereas you, , of , were on the day of , 19 , bound by a recognizance in the sum of to attend the Sessions of the High Court to be held at on the day of , 19 , or such other Sessions of which you may be notified in writing and there to give evidence on the trial of : And whereas the subordinate court has (since committed the said for trial at the next Sessions of the High Court for the Province of to be held at , and has) directed that you are to be treated as having been bound over to attend the trial conditionally upon notice being given to you: THIS IS TO GIVE YOU NOTICE that you are NOT required to attend the said Sessions of the High Court for the purpose aforesaid unless you subsequently receive notice directing you to appear thereat. Dated (Magistrate) the day of , 19 . .

(G.N. No. 128 of 1961)

26-NOTICE DIRECTING WITNESS TO APPEAR AT A SESSIONS OF THE HIGH COURT OTHER THAN THAT SPECIFIED IN HIS RECOGNIZANCE Section 233 (2))
In the Subordinate Court of To (insert name of witness). Whereas you, of , were on the day of , 19 , bound by a recognizance in the sum of to attend the Sessions of the High Court to be held at on the day of , 19 , or such other Sessions of which you may be notified in writing and there to give evidence on the trial of : THIS IS TO GIVE YOU NOTICE that you are no longer required to attend the Sessions of the High Court as aforesaid, but you are hereby DIRECTED AND REQUIRED to attend at the next Sessions of the High Court, to be held at on the day of 19 . And unless you so attend and give evidence, the said recognizance entered into by you will be forthwith enforced against you. Dated the (Magistrate) (G.N. No. 128 of 1961) day of , 19 . .

27-NOTICE REQUIRING ATTENDANCE OF WITNESS BOUND OVER OR TREATED AS BOUND OVER CONDITIONALLY (Section 236 (2))
In the High Court for Zambia or in the Subordinate Court of To (insert name of witness). Whereas you , of , were on the day of 19 , bound over by a recognizance in the sum of to attend *upon notice being given to you at the Sessions of the High Court specified in such notice and there to give evidence on the trial of : (Or (Where witness has been treated as bound over conditionally and served with a notice in Form 25, insert instead after asterisk*) at the next Sessions of the High Court to be held at on the day of , 19 , or such other Sessions of the High Court of which you may be notified, to give evidence on the trial of ; and whereas notice was subsequently given to you that you would not be required to attend the said Sessions for the said purpose unless you received notice:) THIS IS TO GIVE YOU NOTICE that you ARE required to attend at the next Sessions of the High Court to be held at on the day of , 19 , and there to give evidence accordingly, and that unless you do so the said recognizance will be forthwith enforced against you. Dated this day of , 19 . (Registrar/Senior/Resident Magistrate/ Magistrate Class) (G.N. No. 128 of 1961) .

28-CERTIFICATE AND ORDER TO BE ENDORSED ON RECOGNIZANCE ON NON-PERFORMANCE


I certify that the within obligation. Dated at (Magistrate) I order that the sum of of each of the said Dated at (Magistrate) (G.N. No. 128 of 1961) the has not performed the foregoing day of , 19 .

be levied off the goods of the said and the sum of and the day of , 19 .

off the goods

29-CONVICTION FOR A PENALTY TO BE LEVIED BY DISTRESS, AND, IN DEFAULT OF SUFFICIENT DISTRESS, IMPRISONMENT
In the Subordinate Court of The day of . 19 .

C.D., of , is this day convicted before this Court for that (state offence and time and place when and where committed). And this Court adjudges the said C.D., for his said offence, to pay a fine of (state the penalty, compensation, if any, to the party aggrieved, and costs according to the order made). And if the said sums be not paid forthwith (or on or before next), then this Court orders that the same be levied by distress and sale of the property of the said C.D. And, in default of such distress, this Court adjudges the said C.D. to be imprisoned (with hard labour) for the space of unless the said sums and all costs of the said distress be sooner paid. (Magistrate)

30-WARRANT OF DISTRESS
In the Subordinate Court of To and other Officers of this Court. Whereas C.D., of , was on the day of ordered by this Court forthwith (or on or before the ) to pay (state the penalty, compensation or costs according to the order made), which he has not paid. This is to command you to levy the said sum of by distress of the property of the said C.D. And, if within days next after the distress, the said sum of K together with the costs of distress shall not be paid, that you do sell the property of the said C.D. and that you do pay the money so levied to . This warrant is to be returned in Issued at (Magistrate) the day of days. , 19 . .

Officer's Return, if no Sufficient Distress, to be endorsed on Warrant I, , Officer of the Court, do hereby certify to the Court that by virtue of the above written warrant, I have made diligent search for the property of the within named C.D. and that I can find no sufficient property of the said C.D. whereon the said sums can be levied. (Officer)

31-WARRANT OF COMMITMENT (ON DEFAULT OF DISTRESS OR OF PAYMENT)


In the Subordinate Court of To . and other Officers of this Court.

Whereas C.D., of , was on the day of convicted before this Court of the offence of (state offence) and was ordered to pay forthwith (or on or before the ) (state penalty, compensation or costs according to the order), and the said order has not been satisfied. This is to command you to lodge the said C.D. in the prison of together with this warrant, in which prison the said C.D. shall be imprisoned (with hard labour) for the space of unless the said sums (with K for costs of distress) be sooner paid. Dated at (Magistrate) the day of , 19

32-WARRANT OF COMMITMENT TO UNDERGO SENTENCE OF IMPRISONMENT (WHERE NO ALTERNATIVE PUNISHMENT) (SECTION 307)
In the Subordinate Court (Class To Whereas of was convicted before this Court of the offence of (state offence with place and date), and was sentenced to (state the punishment fully and distinctly. If it is intended to backdate the sentence by virtue of section 37 of the Penal Code care should be taken ascertain whether the prisoner is already serving a sentence or not). You are required to lodge the said in the prison of together with this warrant, in which prison the aforesaid sentence shall be carried into execution according to law and for this the present warrant shall be a sufficient authority to all whom it may concern. Dated at (Magistrate) the day of , 19 . ).

(G.N. No. 168 of 1961)

33-NOTICE OF APPEAL AGAINST CONVICTION AND/OR SENTENCE (Sections 321-323)


In the High Court for Zambia. H ......... A ......... /19 ....... Name of appellant Convicted on the day of ........................ 19........ in the (1) Subordinate Court of the class for the .................... District, holden at (Case No. ............ of 19.......) (2) of the offence(s) of (1) Details of Subordinate Court and Case No. (2)

and on the ......................... day of Court for sentence/sentenced* to To the Clerk of the above Court:

19...... , committed to the High

I, the above-named appellant, hereby give notice that I desire to appeal to the High Court against my conviction and/or* sentence on the grounds set forth overleaf. The following legal practitioner is acting for me of (address). I desire/do not desire* to be present when the court considers the appeal. Dated this ...................... day of , 19 ....

Statement of Offence(s) *Delete as appropriate

............................................................ (Witness) (3)) ............................................................ (Address of witness) address not in custody) ............................................................ The above notice was handed to me .. filed .................... this .................. day of ....................... .................... 19 .......... ............................................................ Officer in Charge of the Court ................................................ Prison The above notice was (Prison or full if (Appellant

day of .................... 19.....

Clerk

(3) This notice MUST be signed by the appellant. If he cannot write he must affix his mark in the presence of a witness. The name and address of such attesting witness must be given

NOTES-(1) This notice must be submitted in triplicate and within fourteen days of(a) the date of sentence, if the Subordinate Court has sentenced the appellant; (b) the date of conviction, if the Subordinate Court has committed the appellant to the High Court for sentence. (2) If the fourteen-day period has expired and if it is desired to appeal out of time, the

appellant should also complete the attached Application to Appeal out of Time. (3) The Clerk of the Court will forward to the appropriate Assistant Registrar of the High Court the three copies of this notice together with the original record and copies thereof. GROUNDS OF APPEAL (4) (4)The Appellant MUST here set out the grounds or reasons he alleges why his conviction should be quashed or his sentence reduced. The Appellant can also, if he wishes, set out, in addition to his above reasons, his case and argument fully

APPLICATION TO APPEAL OUT OF TIME (Section 324) I, the above-named appellant, apply to the High Court for my appeal to be heard although entered out of time. The reasons for the delay in entering the appeal and the grounds on which I submit that the court should hear the appeal are as follows:

(Applicant)

DECISION BY JUDGE (Judge) (Date). ................................................................. 19.......... (S.I. No. 312 of 1967)

34-CASE STATED
In the Subordinate Court of A.B. v. C.D. 1. On the day of before , Magistrate presiding over the Subordinate Court of , C.D. was charged with the following offence: (here set out charge in full). , .

2. At the hearing the following facts were proved: (here set out in order all relevant facts proved). 3. The following submissions of law were made during the trial: (here set out the submissions made by the complainant and by the accused). 4. The Court, being of opinion that (state the grounds of the decision) did adjudicate and determine as follows: 5. The questions on which the opinion of the High Court is desired are: (here set out the questions desired to be submitted by the Court or any of the parties or the Director of Public Prosecutions). (Magistrate)

35-SUMMONS TO ASSESSOR
In the Subordinate Court of To of , . .

You are hereby required to attend on the day of , 19 , at the hour of o'clock in the noon at the Subordinate Court at to serve as an assessor, and to continue in attendance until duly discharged by the said Court from further attendance. Dated at the day of , 19 . (Magistrate)

36-NOTIFICATION OF ACQUITTAL
*In the High Court for Zambia. at ............................ *In the Subordinate Court (Class ...........) of the holden at ................................ To: The Officer in Charge prison. WHEREAS on the............... day of , 19....... 1 stood charged before this Court for that he on the ................................... day of , at ........................................................... did 2 .

I hereby notify you that he has been found not guilty of the said charge and has been acquitted. Dated at this......................... day of ........................... 19....... (Deputy Assistant Registrar or Clerk of the Court) * Delete where inapplicable. 1 Here insert name of accused. 2 Here insert brief details of charge including section and Act alleged to have been contravened. (G.N. No. 212 of 1962)

37-CERTIFICATE OF PREVIOUS CONVICTIONS (Section 142 (2))


Criminal Investigation Department, P.O. Box RW.104, Lusaka. ................. , 19.... F.P.R. No. ...................................................... To .................................................................. ........................................................................ I (name and rank) being an officer authorised by the President in that behalf certify that(a) I have compared the fingerprints shown on the attached Form ZP.83 with those of C.R.O. No. CB/CP in the Criminal Record Office and find that they are identical; and (b) that the previous convictions of the said convict recorded in that office are as set forth overleaf. I have, for better identification, signed and dated the said Form ZP.83. NOTES-(1) One copy to be handed in to Court. (2) Duplicate to be attached to Warrant of Commitment for information of prison. (3) Triplicate to be returned to the Criminal Record Office, together with fingerprints, or Form ZP.84, certified with conviction and sentence on present charge IMMEDIATELY after completion of case. (4) If charge is withdrawn, or the accused is acquitted or discharged, one copy of this form will be endorsed appropriately and returned to the Criminal Record Office.

Name Place and C.C.R.B. No. Date of Sentence

C.R.O. No. Sentence Offence

Name co

FIFTH SCHEDULE (Section 16)

OFFENCES FOR WHICH COURTS MAY NOT SUSPEND SENTENCE


Any offence punishable by death. Any offence against section 226 of the Penal Code. Arson. Robbery. Any offence in respect of which any written law imposes a minimum punishment. Any conspiracy, incitement or attempt to commit any of the above-mentioned offences. (No. 16 of 1959 as amended by No. 2 of 1960)

SUBSIDIARY LEGISLATION

SECTION 11-THE OFFENCES TO BE TRIED BY THE HIGH COURT ORDER, 1973 Order by the Chief Justice 1. This Order may be cited as the Offences to be Tried by the High Court Order. 2. The classes of offences specified in the Schedule hereto shall be tried by the High Court: Title

Offences to be tried by the High Court Cap. 99

Provided(i) that where the accused is a juvenile, and the case is required to be disposed of in accordance with the provisions of section sixty-five of the Juvenile Act, this Order shall not apply; and (ii) that this Order shall not apply in respect of offences committed prior to the 23rd day of March, 1973.

SCHEDULE
(Paragraph 2) Section of the State Security Act Contravened .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3 .. .. .. .. 8 .. 9 4 .. .. .. 5 6 .. 7 Cap. 88

Offence Espionage .. .. Communication of certain information. . Protection of classified information . .

Unauthorised use of uniforms, passes, etc. . . Harbouring . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Interfering with persons on guard at protected places Attempted espionage

(As amended by S.I. No. 186 of 1973)

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE CODE SECTION 11-CLASS OF OFFENCE FOR TRIAL BY HIGH COURT Order by the Chief Justice
Government Notices 5 of 1962 172 of 1962 135 of 1963 Statutory Instrument 277 of 1965

It is hereby ordered that the classes of offences specified in the Schedule shall be tried by the High Court: Provided that where the accused is a juvenile and the case is required to Cap. 53 be disposed of in accordance with the provisions of subsection (1) of section sixty-four of the Juveniles Act, this Order shall not apply.

SCHEDULE
Section of Penal Code Offence contravened Concealment of treason. . . . .. .. .. .. .. 44 Treason-felony . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 45 Piracy . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 73 Attempt by any person to procure abortion of a woman . . .... .. 151 Attempt by woman with child to procure her own abortion .... .. 152 Bigamy . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 166 Manslaughter . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . . 199 Infanticide. . . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 203 Attempted murder . . .. .. .. .. .. .. . . 215 Attempted murder by a convict . . .. .. .. .. .... 216 Accessory after the fact to murder. . .. .. .. .. . . 217 Conspiracy to murder . . .. .. .. .. .. .. . . 219 Child destruction. . . . .. .. .. .. .. .. 221 Disabling in order to commit felony or misdemeanour .. .... 222 Stupefying in order to commit felony or misdemeanour . . .... .. 223 Any prescribed act intended to maim, disfigure, disable or do grievous harm to any person, or done in resistance to, or prevention of the lawful arrest or detention of any person. . . . .. .. .. . . 224 Preventing escape from wreck .. .. .. .. .. .... 225 Intentionally endangering safety of persons travelling by railway . . . . .. 226 Attempting to injure by explosive substances . . .. .. .... 230 Maliciously administering poison with intent to harm. . . . .... 231 Aggravated robbery . . .. .. .. .. .. .. . . 294 Aggravated assault with intent to steal . . .. .. .. .... 295 Demanding property by written threats . . .. .. .. .... 296 Attempted extortion by threats or accusations . . .. .. .... 297 Procuring execution, etc., of deeds, or valuable securities by threats, violence, restraint or accusation. . .. .. .. .. . . 298 False statements by company officials . . .. .. .. .. 325 Casting away vessels, etc. . . .. .. .. .. .. . . 332 Attempts to cast away vessels. . . . .. .. .. .. 333 Malicious injuries .. .. 335 (2), 335 (3) (a), 335 (3) (b), 335 (3) (c), 335 (6), 335 (7) (e), 335 (7) (h) Attempt to destroy property by explosives .. .. .. .... 336 Sending, etc., written threats to burn or destroy any building, agricultural produce or vessel, or to kill, maim or wound any cattle .... .. 364 Making counterfeit coins . . .. .. .. .. .. .... 364 Preparations for coining .. .. .. .. .. .. .... 365

Attempts to commit any of the foregoing offences, if not already specified 390, 391 Conspiracy to commit any of the foregoing offences, if not already specified Conspiracy to commit any of the foregoing misdemeanours, if not already specified. . . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 395 Section of Roads and Road Traffic Act contravened Causing death by reckless or dangerous driving of motor vehicles . . 199

.. 394

SECTIONS 194 AND 358-THE CRIMINAL PROCEDURE (EVIDENCE OF PLANS BY CERTIFICATE) RULES Rules by the Chief Justice 1. These Rules may be cited as the Criminal Procedure (Evidence of Plans by Certificate) Rules.

Government Notice 262 of 1960

Title

2. Any one of the following persons is hereby authorised to give a Persons certificate for the purposes of section one hundred and ninety-four of the authorised to sign certificates Criminal Procedure Code, that is to sayCap. 188 (a) any person licensed as a land surveyor under the provisions of Cap. 438 the Land Survey Act; and (b) any person registered as an architect or quantity surveyor under the provisions of the Architects and Quantity Surveyors Act. 3. A certificate given for the purposes of subsection (1) of section one hundred and ninety-four of the Criminal Procedure Code shall be endorsed on the plan or drawing, as the case may be, and shall be in the following form: "I hereby certify that the plan (or drawing) exhibited hereon was made by me of (here specify the place or object) ........; that it was correctly drawn to the scale of (here specify the scale) ........; and (where applicable) that the direction of North in relation to the places or objects depicted hereon is clearly indicated. ........................(Signature) ... ......................(Qualification) ........................(No. of Gazette notice notifying signatory's licensing or registration, as the case may be)" SECTION 221-FORMS PRESCRIBED FOR ADMISSION OF GUILT PROCEDURE
Government Notices 252 of 1959 497 of 1964

Form of certificate

REPUBLIC OF ZAMBIA The Criminal Procedure Code

FORM 1 (Section 221 (1) (b))


NOTICE TO DEFENDANT AND STATEMENT OF FACTS In the Subordinate Court (Class To: Name ............................................... Address ............................................ ................................................... ................................................... Occupation ...................................... Tribe Village Chief District ) of

1. You are charged with the offence(s) of at (place) ............................................ on (date) at (time) particulars whereof are set forth in the Statement of Facts written on the back of this form. 2. Proceedings in respect of this charge (these charges) will be instituted before the magistrate at the above-mentioned court on (date)....... (hereinafter called the Fixed Day). 3. If you admit the offence(s) referred to above and do not wish to appear before the court you may be relieved of the obligation of personal attendance under the following conditions: (a) that you sign an Admission of Guilt form and deliver it to the Police at .................. Police Station; and (b) that you deposit with the Police either(i) the sum of K .................... or (ii) property of such value as may be required by the Police to secure the payment within one month of such fine as may be imposed by the court in respect of such charge(s). Notwithstanding that you have complied with these conditions, the magistrate may, in his discretion and for reasons stated, order your attendance before the court. You would be informed of such an order and there would be no need for you to attend unless notified provided you have complied with the above conditions.

Charge

Fixed Day Conditions for admission of guilt

4. If you deposit the sum of money referred to in paragraph 3 it will be used to defray Disposal whatever fine may be imposed by the court. If the amount deposited is insufficient to meet of money the fine you will be called upon to pay the balance and if you fail to pay this on demand, deposited sufficient of your property may be seized and sold to pay the balance. If the fine imposed is less than the sum deposited the surplus will be returned to you if you will call at the Police Station not less than one day after the Fixed Day. 5. If you deposit property as stated in paragraph 3 (b) (ii) above it will be held for up to one month after the Fixed Day. If before the expiry of that month you pay the fine imposed by the court your property will be returned to you upon your applying at the Police Station. If you fail to pay the fine before the expiry of the month the property you deposit will be sold and the proceeds of sale will be used to defray the fine. If the proceeds of sale are insufficient to meet the fine you will be called on to pay the balance and if you fail to pay such balance on demand more of your property may be seized and sold as required to meet the balance. If the proceeds of the sale of the property you deposit are more than sufficient to meet the fine the surplus will be returned to you if you will call at the ........... Police Station not less than two months after the Fixed Day. Disposal of property deposited

6. If you sign an Admission of Guilt and make a deposit in accordance with paragraph Remaining rights 3 above you will nevertheless have the following rights: where (a) You may by written notice addressed to the above-mentioned court withdraw the Admission Admission of Guilt. Such notice of withdrawal must be delivered to the Clerk of the Court before the Fixed Day. In that case you must attend at the above court on the Fixed of Guilt signed Day to answer the charge. The court may then proceed with the trial of the charge immediately or may adjourn the case for trial on another day. If you fail to attend at the court on the Fixed Day a summons may be issued against you and if such summons is not served on you within twenty-eight days thereafter the sum of money or the property you deposit, which will remain in the hands of the Police in the meantime, may be forfeited by court order. If you withdraw the Admission of Guilt and the charge is tried by the court the prosecution will not be permitted to prove that Admission against you or to cross-examine you about it. (b) You may before the Fixed Day deliver to the Clerk of the above-mentioned court a written submission to the court setting out any facts which you may wish the court to take into account with a view to reducing the sentence. If you deliver a written submission in this way you will not be permitted by yourself or by your advocate to address the court further on the Fixed Day. (c) You may attend the court by yourself or by your advocate on the Fixed Day and provided you have delivered no written submission under sub-paragraph (b) above you or your advocate may address the court in mitigation before sentence is passed. NOTE 1-If you intend to consult a solicitor about the case you would be well advised to

do so before the signing the Admission of Guilt or if you have done so, then before withdrawing the Admission or delivering a written submission in mitigation of sentence. NOTE 2-If you are charged with an offence under the Roads and Road Traffic Act, you should note that the court may in addition to any fine imposed, whether after an Admission of Guilt or other disposal of the case, exercise the powers of suspension, cancellation, disqualifying and endorsement conferred upon courts by the Act. NOTE 3-Deliver any letter or notice to The Clerk of the Court, ....................................Subordinate Court, (Street) ......................................................... (Town) ............................................................ I, , have fully understood the contents of the above notice (which has been interpreted to me). Signed . (or thumbprint) INTERPRETER'S CERTIFICATE (Where applicable) I, , certify that I have this day interpreted the above notice to in the language and, to the best of my knowledge and belief, he has understood its meaning and signed (impressed his thumbprint) in my presence. Signed ....................................................................... (DATE STAMP) Witness........................................................................ (to be signed by a prescribed officer) Rank........................................................................ STATEMENT OF FACTS (Section 221 (1) (b) Criminal Procedure Code) If you sign an Admission of Guilt in respect of the charge(s) specified at the head of the notice printed overleaf and the court proceeds to hear and dispose of the case in your absence under section 221 of the Criminal Procedure Code, the following Statement of Facts will be read out in open court before the court proceeds to judgment. If you do not withdraw the Admission of Guilt the court will not hear any other statements on behalf of the prosecution with respect to any facts relating to the charge unless an issue has been raised in any statement in mitigation which you may have delivered and which requires further investigation. In this event the case will be adjourned to enable you to appear and call evidence as to the facts in dispute.

STATEMENT OF FACTS Signed ...................................................... (Rank) ...................................................... On behalf of the Prosecutor

REPUBLIC OF ZAMBIA THE CRIMINAL PROCEDURE CODE

FORM 2 (Section 221)


ADMISSION OF GUILT FORM THE PEOPLE versus ............................................ WITH REFERENCE to the charge of in answer to which I have been required to appear before the Subordinate Court (Class ) on the 19 ..... I hereby admit that I am guilty of the offence charged and request that sentence may be passed in my absence. I deposit herewith-

(a) the sum of kwacha and ..................... ngwee being the maximum amount of the fine which may be imposed by the court (or, as the case may be, the amount fixed by the prescribed officer); (b) as security for the payxment within one month, of any fine which may be imposed on me by the court. I have received a Notice and Statement of Facts relating to the charge referred to above (which has been interpreted and explained to me). Signature (or Thumbprint) INTERPRETER'S CERTIFICATE (Where applicable) I certify that I have interpreted the foregoing to the accused person whose signature appears above, and to the best of my knowledge he has understood its meaning.

Strike out (a) or (b) whichever is inapplicable

(Signed) .................................................... DEPOSIT RECEIPT RECEIVED:

(a) the sum of

kwaccha and ............................. ngwee; or (Signed) .......................................................... (Prescribed officer)


Witness ...............................................................................................

(b) .............................. the above-mentioned security. (DATE STAMP)

NOTES-(a) In no circumstances whatsoever is a member of the Zambia Police Force other than a prescribed officer to accept any sum of money the subject of this receipt. (b) A receipt for the sum deposited, or any portion thereof, which is subsequently refunded should be obtained wherever practicable on the reverse of the triplicate copy of this form.

SECTION 221-APPLICATION Notices by the Chief Justice

Statutory Instruments 10 of 1967 343 of 1968

The offences set out in the First Schedule are hereby specified as offences to which the provisions of section two hundred and twenty-one of the Criminal Procedure Code shall apply, and the offences set out in the Second Schedule are hereby specified as offences to which the provisions of section two hundred and twenty-one of the Criminal Procedure Code shall not apply.

SCHEDULE
(Paragraph 2)

OFFENCES TO WHICH THE PROVISIONS OF SECTION 221 OF THE CRIMINAL PROCEDURE CODE SHALL APPLY
Offences(a) created by sections 23, 25(10), 77, 83, 98, 160, 161(2), 177(b), 192, 193, 195 (1), 214 and 215 of the Roads and Road Traffic Act; (b) against the provisions of the Roads and Road Traffic Act in respect of which no penalty is provided other than by section 241 of the said Act; (c) against the provisions of the Roads and Road Traffic (Public Service Vehicles, Licensing and Use) Regulations in respect of which no penalty is provided other than by regulation 26 of the said Regulations; (d) against the provisions of the Roads and Road Traffic (Registration and Licensing) Regulations in respect of which no penalty is provided other than by regulation 28 of the said Regulations;

(e) created by the Roads and Road Traffic (International Circulation) Regulations; (f) against the provisions of the Roads and Road Traffic (Construction Equipment and Use) Regulations in respect of which no penalty is provided other than by regulation 59 of the said Regulations; (g) against the provisions of the Rules of the Road Regulations in respect of which no penalty is provided other than by regulation 19 of the said Regulations; (h against the provisions of the Roads and Road Traffic (Bus and Taxicab Drivers Uniform) Regulation, 1982, in respect of which no penalty is provided other than by regulation 5 of the said Regulations; (i) created by sections 7 (1) and 14 (1) (a), (b) and (c) of the Broadcasting Act; (j) created by section 82 (1) (a) (iii) of the Posts and Telecommunications Corporation Act. (As amended by S.I. No. 50 of 1986)
SECTION 318-THE CRIMINAL PROCEDURE CODE (POLICE SUPERVISION) RULES
Government Notices 397 of 1963 493 of 1964 497 of 1964

Rules by the President 1. These Rules may be cited as the Criminal Procedure Code (Police Supervision) Rules. 2. Every person subject to police supervision under section three hundred and eighteen of the Criminal Procedure Code, hereinafter referred to as a police supervisee, shall before the date on which he is entitled to be released from prison inform a prison officer of his residential address after his release.
Title

Residential address to be notified

Identity book 3. On his release from prison every such police supervisee shall be issued by a prison officer with an identity book in the form of the Schedule, in which shall be completed the several particulars respecting

such police supervisee, and further, there shall be endorsed therein(a) a certificate that the provisions concerning his supervision have been explained to the police supervisee in a language which he understands, which certificate shall be signed by a prison officer and interpreter, if used, or, in the absence of such interpreter, witnessed by a person who was present when such provisions were explained to the police supervisee and such explanation shall be acknowledged as understood by the police supervisee by impressing thereon his right thumbprint; (b) the name of the place at which and the officer in charge of the police station, or the Administrative Officer, to whom he shall report. 4. Every police supervisee shall, on receiving such identity book as provided for in rule 3, report himself(a) immediately on his release to a police officer at the police station or to an Administrative Officer at the administrative office at the place of release; (b) and then to a police officer at the police station or to an Administrative Officer at the administrative office specified in such identity book within seven days of his arrival at his residential address and shall declare to such officer his residential address. 5. Every police supervisee shall report himself to a police officer at the Time for reporting police station or to an Administrative Officer at the administrative office specified in his identity book at such intervals of time as may be directed by such officer. 6. Whenever any police supervisee intends to change his residential Change of address to any other residential address, he shall notify a police officer at residential the police station or an Administrative Officer at the administrative address office specified in his identity book not less than forty-eight hours before he so changes his residential address of the fact of such intention and of the address at which thereafter he intends to reside. Such officer shall amend the endorsement in the identity book of such police supervisee to accord with the change of residential address and shall, if necessary, specify therein the police station or administrative office to which he shall report. Every such police supervisee shall, within forty-eight hours of his change of residential address, report himself to a police officer at the police station or to an Administrative Officer at the administrative office specified in his identity book and shall notify to such officer his residential address and thereafter shall continue to report himself at such intervals of time as may be directed by such officer.
Police supervisee to report

7. Every notification of report required to be made by any police supervisee shall be made by him in person: Provided that if from illness (the proof of which shall lie upon him) any police supervisee is prevented from making in person any notification or report required by these Rules, he may do so in any one of the following ways: (i) in person, to any Administrative Officer or to any police officer residing in the township or Government station nearest to the place of his residence; or (ii) in person, to the village headman or a member of the local authority exercising jurisdiction in the area in which he resides; or (iii) by oral communication sent by a messenger, and production of the identity book to a police officer at the police station or to an Administrative Officer at the administrative office specified in his identity book. (As amended by No. 493 of 1964) 8. In any case where a notification or report has been made under the provisions of paragraph (i) or (ii) of the proviso contained in rule 7, it shall be incumbent on the person receiving such report to inform a police officer of the police station or an Administrative Officer of the administrative office at which such police supervisee should have reported, as soon as may be convenient, of the fact and date of such report. 9. (1) On the occasion of every notification or report required to be made under these Rules, the identity book issued to the police supervisee making such notification or report shall be produced. (2) If any police supervisee loses his identity book, he shall forthwith report the loss to a police officer at the nearest police station or Administrative Officer in the district in which he resides and shall apply for a new identity book, which shall be issued to him with the necessary particulars entered therein. 10. At the end of the term of police supervision ordered by the court, the police supervisee shall surrender his identity book to the officer to

Manner of reporting

Officer mentioned in identity book to be informed of any report

Identity book to be produced

Surrender of identity books

whom he last reported, who shall forward the identity book to the officer in charge of the Criminal Investigation Department, Zambia Police. 11. A copy of these Rules shall be printed in each identity book issued Copy of Rules to a police supervisee. to be included in identity books

SCHEDULE
(Rule 3)

POLICE SUPERVISION-CRIMINAL PROCEDURE CODE


(Sections 317 to 319) Name Aliases Tribe or Nationality.................... Chief or Local Authority ........... Criminal Records Office Reference Order of police supervision made by Court at on ....................................................... for a period of years from date of his release from prison (see page 2) Village or Town District

(Page 1) PHOTOGRAPHS

............................ Government Prison No. .......

(Page 2) (Rule 3 (a)) To be completed by prison officer at prison of release Date of release ........................... from Government Prison Order of police supervision will accordingly expire on I certify that I have explained the requirements of the Criminal Procedure Code (Police Supervision) Rules to Police supervisee (name) in the language which he understands and acknowledges beneath. I have informed him that if he does not comply with them, he may be guilty of an offence and I have instructed him to report to a police/administrative officer (delete as applicable) at (place) directly upon his release and thereafter as instructed. Address and destination Right thumbprint PRISON DATE STAMP Signature of interpreter/witness Signature and rank of prison officer issuing identity book ........................................

(Pages 3 and 4) Police supervisee is hereby required to report himself in accordance with the Rules annexed hereto, to a police officer at the police station or an Administrative Officer at the administrative office shown, at such intervals of time specified.

Intervals of time

To

Signature and rank of police officer, or Administrative Officer

................................. ................................. ................................. .................................

................................. ................................. ................................. .................................

........................................ ........................................ ........................................ ........................................

(Pages 5 and 6) CHANGE OF RESIDENTIAL ADDRESSES (Rule 6)

Date .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... ....................................................

To .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... ....................................................

(Pages 7, 8, 9 and 10) REPORTS Police supervisee has reported at:

Place

Date

Signature and rank of police officer, or Administrative Officer

................................. ................................. ................................. .................................

................................. ................................. ................................. .................................

...................................... ...................................... ...................................... ......................................

(Pages 11, 12 and 13) SUPERVISION RULES

Government SECTION 359-THE CRIMINAL PROCEDURE (WITNESSES' AND ASSESSORS' ALLOWANCES AND Notices 6 of 1963 EXPENSES) RULES 497 of 1964 Rules by the Chief Justice Statutory Instruments 63 of 1964 424 of 1968

1. These Rules may be cited as the Criminal Procedure (Witnesses' and Title Assessors' Allowances and Expenses) Rules. 2. For the purposes of these Rules"Registrar" means the Registrar of the High Court, a Deputy Registrar or District Registrar; "witness" includes an interpreter who attends and interprets at any criminal proceedings. 3. These Rules shall apply to all criminal proceedings in the High Court and subordinate courts.
Application Interpretation

4. The following persons shall be entitled to allowances and expenses: Persons entitled (a) witnesses and assessors who have duly attended at or for the criminal proceedings at the instance of the People, unless the Judge or magistrate presiding at such proceedings shall, for sufficient reason, disallow the allowances or expenses of any such witness or assessor; (b) witnesses who have duly attended at or for the criminal proceedings at the instance of any party, other than the People, when a certificate for the payment of allowances and expenses is granted(i) by the Judge or magistrate presiding at such proceedings; or

(ii) if such Judge or magistrate is not available for any sufficient reason, by the Registrar, in respect of proceedings before the High Court, and in respect of proceedings in a subordinate court by the magistrate presiding over such court at the time of the application for any such certificate.

(As amended by S.I. No. 63 of 1964) 5. (1) The allowances for witnesses and assessors shall be as follows: Amounts

Class of Person Professional persons, owners, directors or managers of businesses and expert witnesses K250 Clerks and artisans and per- sons of similar status: K.150 Provided that the sum payable under class (b) shall not, unless otherwise ordered by the presiding Judge or magis- trate, exceed the sum of K75 per day if the witness has lost no wages or earnings or other income by reason of attending the proceedings, or where the period during which he has been away from home or in respect of which he has lost wages, earnings or other income by reason of his attendance does not exceed four hours

Minimum sum payble per day

Maxim sum paya per d K500 K.350

(2) The above-mentioned allowances will be paid during the time for which a witness or assessor is necessarily detained and for the time reasonably occupied in travelling. (3) No additional allowance will be paid merely because the witness or assessor attends in respect of more than one case on the same day. (4) If, in the opinion of the Registrar or magistrate to whom a claim has been submitted in terms of rule 7(a) a strict adherence to the above scales in any particular case would result in hardship, he may at his discretion increase the amounts payable; or (b) a reduction in any of the allowances provided for by this rule is justified in any particular case, he may at his discretion reduce or disallow the amounts payable. (As amended by S.I. No. 177 of 1990)

6. (1) In addition to any sum to which a witness or assessor may be entitled under rule 5, all witnesses and assessors provided for in rule 4 shall also be entitled to be reimbursed in respect of any expenses actually and reasonably incurred in travelling to and from the court, or for necessary accommodation and subsistence. (2) If, in the opinion of the Registrar or magistrate to whom a claim has been submitted for the reimbursement of expenses, the sums expended and claimed exceed what is reasonable, he may in his discretion reduce or disallow the amounts payable. (3) A witness or assessor who is entitled to claim travelling expenses under rule 6 (1) shall be paid(a) (b) thirty ngwee per kilometre where he uses his own motor car; ten ngwee per kilometre where he uses his own motor cycle.

Travelling expenses

(As amended by S.I. No. 51 of 1981) 7. For the purpose of determining the amount payable to witnesses and Submission of assessors under these Rules, claims for payment of allowances and claims expenses shall be submitted to and dealt with by(a) the Registrar, in respect of proceedings before the High Court: Provided that any person wishing to submit a claim for the minimum sum payable to him under the provisions of rule 5, may submit his claim, together with his claim, if any, for expenses payable under rule 6, to a Deputy Assistant Registrar who shall have full power to deal with such claims, including the powers vested in the Registrar by rule 6(2); (b) the magistrate who presided over the proceedings, in respect of proceedings in a subordinate court, or if he is not available for any sufficient reason then the magistrate who, at the time of the submission of the claim is presiding over the court in which the proceedings took place: Provided that any person wishing to submit a claim for the minimum sum payable to him under the provisions of rule 5, may submit his claim to the clerk of the court, who shall have full power to deal with such claim. (As amended by No. 424 of 1968)

8. No allowances or travelling expenses shall be paid to public officers Public officers under these Rules: Provided that any public officer who has attended any criminal proceedings for the purpose of interpreting any African language not ordinarily spoken in Zambia or any other foreign language, shall be entitled to the same allowances as any other interpreter under these Rules.

INDEX TO CRIMINAL PROCEDURE CODE


INDEX TO CRIMINAL PROCEDURE CODE Section ABATEMENT of appeal . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 335 283 .. .. .. .. .. 203 (2) 235 80 (2) 80 (5) 227,

ABSENCE of assessor at High Court. .

ACCUSED conviction for non-appearance after adjournment.. .. entitled to copy of depositions of P.I. .. .. may apply for change of venue of trial . . .. .. change venue of trial-High Court may want bond .. may be admitted to bail during P.I. .. .. .. 231 may be bailed during adjournment at High Court proceedings may have copy of judgment .. .. .. .. may question witnesses .. .. .. .. .. may not be asked questions re previous convictions . . questions re prevvious convictions .. .. .. medical examination of . . .. .. .. .. payment of fines in lieu of appearance in court . . .. property found on. . .. .. .. .. .. statement of .. .. .. .. .. .. statement of at P.I.. . .. .. .. .. .. statements, etc., to be supplied to. . .. .. .. to be in bar unfettered . . .. .. .. .. to be informed of intention to take deposition . . .. to be present when evidence taken. . .. .. .. to hear judgment unless personal attendance disposed of. . to pay costs of prosecution. . .. .. .. .. to plead to charge. . .. .. .. .. ..

.. 281 .. 170 205, 224 .. 157 (vi) .. 157 (vi) 17 .. 221 179 290 228 258 272 .. 238 191 .. 168 172 (1) 204

to receive notice of additional witnesses .. to sign his statement at P.I. .. .. .. joinder of charges and counts . . .. .. joinder of two or more . . .. .. .. power of court to order payment of compensation by when compensation ordered and subsequent civil suit may be convicted of minor offence .. .. may be convicted of attempt .. .. .. when new evidence adduced by . . .. .. when woman alleges she is pregnant . . .. power to dispense with personal attendance of . . ACQUITTAL bar to further proceedings. . .. bar to proceedings on same charge of accused .. .. .. ADDITIONAL witnesses . . .. .. witnesses for defence .. witness for prosecution . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 206 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 136 .. .. .. .. 294 .. .. 216 ..

286 228 135 175 177 (2) 181 182 306 99

138

243 293 286 29 (1) 281 202 .. 203 156 250 .. .. 232 99 .. 49 89 (3) Section

ADDRESS and name, refuse to give to police officer. . ADJOURNED proceedings of High Court. . .. ..

ADJOURNMENT not more than 15 days . . .. .. .. .. to secure attendance of accused on plea of guilt in writing 99 non-appearance of parties after .. .. .. of trial . . .. .. .. .. .. .. of trial after P.I. . . .. .. .. .. .. of trial at High Court .. .. .. .. of trial because of refractory witness . . .. .. ADJUDICATE at P.I. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

273 (5) 150

ADVOCATE may appear for accused . . .. .. .. may appear for suspected person to be bound over may prosecute . . .. .. .. ..

AFFIDAVIT of medical witness may be read as evidence

..

..

..

..

..

259

to accompany application for change of venue . . AGE of witness to be recorded. . .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 196 .. .. .. .. .. .. 132 273 192

80 (3)

AIRCRAFT powers of police to detain and search

23 184 185 187 188 186

ALTERNATIVE verdicts involving homicide of children .. verdicts in charge of manslaughter .. .. verdicts in charge of burglary .. .. .. verdicts in charges of stealing and kindred offences verdict in charges of rape and kindred offences . . AMENDMENT to order of recognizance . . to information . . .. ANALYST evidence . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

APPEAL abatement of .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . . 335 against order for security for good behaviour . . .. .. .. .. 51 (2) against order for costs . . .. .. .. .. .. . . 173 from subordinate courts . . .. .. .. .. .. . . 321, 334 if no appeal where person under 18 years sentenced to corporal punishment only .. 330 by person in prison. . .. .. .. .. .. .. . . 323 further evidence in. . .. .. .. .. .. .. . . 333 limitation of .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . . 322 not entitled if case stated . . .. .. .. .. .. . . 349 notice of time and place . . .. .. .. .. .. . . 326 number of Judges to hear .. .. .. .. .. .. . . 334 procedure on .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . . 325 procedure preliminary to . . .. .. .. .. .. . . 323 procedure for application to out of time . . .. .. .. .. .. 324 suspension of orders by lowers courts . . .. .. .. .. .. 329 suspension of sentence . . .. .. .. .. .. . . 330 APPEARANCE power to dispense with on plea of guilt in writing. . securing when plea of guilt in writing . . .. non of parties after adjournment .. .. .. when person bound by bond does not make .. of both parties . . .. .. .. .. payment of fines in lieu of. . .. .. .. APPELLATE court, orders to be certified .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 203 .. 200 221 .. 99 99 (5) 115

329

court, powers of . . .. .. court, pronouncement of decision. .

.. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 18 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

327 328 .. .. .. .. 324 80 (2) 80 (5) .. 80 (4)

APPLICATION for change of venue of trial .. .. .. for change of venue of trial by accused .. .. for change of venue of trial supported by affidavit 80 (3) for change of venue of trial 24 hours' notice .. to apeal out of time, procedure for. . .. .. ARREST after issue of summons . . .. .. contents of warrant.. .. .. .. contents of warrant to be explained to accused duration of warrant. . .. .. .. for breach of bond for appearance. . .. how made. . .. .. .. .. magistrate may require land-holder to assist in of accused for non-appearance in court of judgment .. .. .. of witness on warrant, mode of dealing with on warrant outside of local jurisidiction person to be brought before court. . .. warrant executed by police .. .. warrant of, endorsed for security. . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

100 102 (2) .. 107 102 (3) 115 .. .. 298 .. .. 108 .. 103 .. 105 101 146 112 106 Section ..

ARREST-continued when consent of Director of Public Prosecutions required 85 without warrant by police officer. . .. .. .. 63 without warrant by police officer in charge station .. 27 without warrant by police officer delegating power .. 28 without warrant by private person. . .. .. .. without warrant by private person, disposal of . . .. without warrant, detention of person arrested . . .. 8-Schedule:without warrant, police officer to report . . 34 without warrant by police after arrest by private person. . assistance to police and magistrate .. .. .. ASSESSORS absence of at High Court . . .. exemption from . . .. .. High Court may exempt for a year. . liability to serve . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

26, 29 (1) (4), .. .. 31 .. .. .. .. .. 283 264 269 263 .. ..

32 (1) 33 .. 32 (2) 39

list of attending High Court list of publication. . .. list of revised each year . . list to be sent to High Court may be excused . . .. non-attendance at High Court opinions by .. .. preparation of list of revision of list . . .. selection of to attend trial. . summoning of . . .. summons to, form of to attend at adjourned sitting ATTACHMENT objection . . .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. 297 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 192 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 54 ..

.. 270 265 266 (5) .. 266 (2) 267 .. 271 .. 262 266 (1) 282 267 268 .. 284 309 .. .. .. 277 277 99 99 (5) 182

ATTENDANCE disposal of personal, on plea of guilt in writing . . securing personal, on plea of guilt in writing . . ATTEMPT may be convicted of, although not charged AUTREFOIS acquit .. convict . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

BACTERIOLOGIST evidence of.. ..

BAIL additional after first bail . . .. amount of, and deposits . . .. bond, additional conditions .. in cases of appeals to Court of Appeal may be granted during a P.I. .. 227,231 pending confirmation of sentence. . of detained persons by police officers sufficient, order for additional

127 126 .. .. ..

124 336

13 (1) .. 123 .. 127 233 234 115 124 60 (1)

BINDING over of complainant and witnesses at P.I.. . refusal to . . .. .. .. .. BOND arrest for breach of. . .. bail, additional conditions. . contents of .. .. forfeiture of .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

High Court may cance . . .. .. .. power to take for appearance . . .. .. required by High Court when venue of trial changed BREACH of peace, prevention of . . BURGLARY conviction for kindred offence .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

58 .. .. 40, 42 .. .. Section

114 80 (5)

187 254

CASE certifying of, as a summary procedure case CASE-continued contents of.. .. .. .. .. not entitled also to appeal. . .. .. stated .. .. .. .. .. stated, constitution of court hearing .. stated, enlarging of time by the High Court stated, High Court to determine question. . stated, may be sent back for amendment stated, subordinate court may refuse .. CERTIFICATE of M.O. evidence at P.I. . . .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

350 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

349 341 .. .. .. 347 .. 225 .. 275 213 .. .. 134 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 188 183 213 ..

345 351 344 343

CHANGE of venue may be granted by High Court CHARACTER evidence as to . . .. .. ..

80

..

CHARGE and evidence, variance . . .. .. .. .. .. plea of guilt in writing-power to dispense with personal attendance 99 formal, to be drawn up and presented by police . . .. .. offence to be specified in. . .. .. .. .. .. each count to be a separate paragraph and described . . .. mode in which offences are charged .. .. .. .. after acquitted for separate offence .. .. .. .. in cases of manslaughter involving homicide of children. . .. in cases of manslaughter involving motor vehicles .. .. 185 in cases of rape and kindred offences . . .. .. .. in cases of burglary .. .. .. .. .. .. in cases of stealing and kindred offences. . .. .. .. in cases of treason. . .. .. .. .. .. .. amendment of . . .. .. .. .. .. .. frivolous or vexatious, compensation to accused .. ..

.. 90 (5) 135 (2) 137 139 184 .. 186 187

174

in P.I. to be read to accused .. joinder of in information or charge 136 not proven.. .. .. .. read to the accused. . .. .. to be read to accused at P.I. .. variance in evidence at P.I. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 206 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. ..

224 135,

204 .. .. .. 12 .. 152 154 155 311 312 218 231 217

228 226 184

CHILDREN alternative verdicts in offences involving homicide of . . COMBINATION of orders or sentences .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

COMMENCEMENT of period for which security is required COMMISSION issue of . . .. .. .. power of magistrate to apply for . . return of . . .. .. .. COMMITMENT for want of distress. . in lieu of distress . . .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

53

COMMITTAL for sentence, procedure . . for trail . . .. .. to High Court for sentence. .

COMMUNICATION between spouses not in evidence. . COMPANY service of summons on . . ..

157 (iv) 96 176 177 179 .. .. .. 176 .. 199 233

COMPENSATION and costs . . .. .. .. .. and expenses out of fine . . .. .. property may be applied to pay . . .. power of court to order accused to pay recovered to be taken into account in civil suit to accused on frivolous or vexatious charge to be specified in order . . .. ..

175 177 (2) 174 Section 157

COMPETENCE of husband or wife as to evidence for the defence COMPLAINANT non-appearance . . .. to be bound over at P.I. . . COMPLAINT .. .. .. .. .. ..

may be made by any person .. .. .. on oath before warrant of arrest issued . . .. on oath before warrant of arrest for non-appearance to be in writing . . .. .. .. .. withdrawal of . . .. .. .. .. CONFIRMATION of sentences .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 90 (2) .. 100 .. 101 90 (3) 201 9 140 .. .. .. 189 101 ..

CONSEQUENCES not known at time of trial. . CONSTRUCTION of sections 181-188 ..

CONTEMPT of court, non-appearance of accused .. .. of court, punishment for non-attendance of witness 148 CONTENTS of case stated of judgment .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

350 169 .. ..

CONVERSION of property insufficient evidence to support charge 178

CONVICTION for another offence proved. . .. .. .. .. for attempt to commit crime .. .. .. .. of accused on plea of guilt. . .. .. .. .. of accused on non-appearance .. .. .. previous, procedure on at High Court . . .. .. to be drawn up . . .. .. .. .. .. power to order compensation . . .. .. .. in offences involving homicide of children .. .. under Roads and Road Traffic Act for manslaughter charge 185 in charges of rape and kindred offences .. .. in charges of burglary . . .. .. .. .. in charges of stealing and kindred offences .. .. in charges of treason .. .. .. .. when woman alleges she is pregnant . . .. .. previous, to be admitted in writing on plea by letter . . 99 CORPORAL punishment, detention pending postponement of on appeal .. CORPORATION .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

181 .. 204 203 .. 215 .. .. .. .. 187 .. 183 .. ..

182

275 175 184 .. 186 188 306 ..

.. ..

.. ..

14 ..

330

procedure where charged with offence . . COSTS against the accused. . .. against prosecution. . .. and compensation recoverable and compensation out of fine order to pay appealable . . property may be applied to pay to be specified in order . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

356

.. .. ..

172 (1) 172 (2) 176 .. 177 173 179 176 65 .. .. 214 .. 149 147 .. .. 4 .. ..

COURT authority to bring person before it. . .. .. committal to High Court for sentence . . .. contempt of, punishment for .. .. .. decision . . .. .. .. .. .. hearing case stated, constitution of .. .. may recall witnesses .. .. .. prisoner to be brought before it . . .. .. shall ask accused if he wishes to examine witness 205, 224 to try offences under any written law . . .. to try offences under Penal Code. . .. .. trying offence to be open to public .. .. High Court may cancel bond . . .. ..

217 148 (1) 345

.. 5 76 58

COURT-continued may change venue of trial. . .. .. .. .. High Court may remit fine for contempt .. .. may require bond from accused when venue changed . . may order recognizance . . .. .. .. .. mode of trial before High Court . . .. .. .. practice of High Court . . .. .. .. .. where to be held . . .. .. .. .. .. evidence and address in defence . . .. .. .. power of courts to suspend sentence .. .. .. power of High Court to order P.I.. . .. .. .. power re criminal information .. .. .. trials before High Court . . .. .. .. .. High Court to decide venue of trial if venue is in doubt . . subordinate, may promote reconciliation. . .. .. subordinate, powers of . . .. .. .. .. CRIME attempt to commit, conviction for. . CROSS examination of prosecution witness CUSTODY .. .. .. .. .. ..

Section 80 .. 148 (4) .. 80 (5) 133 68 260 69 229 .. 16 10 .. 83 (3) 261 .. 75 .. 8 7 182 .. 287

release from after bail DAMAGES court may award . .

.. ..

.. ..

.. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

125 178 .. 129 .. 300 .. .. 320 208 292 .. 293 296 229 .. .. .. .. .. 292 207 .. 196 .. 235 240 .. .. 126 13 (2)

DATE sentence to commence when confirmed ..

DEATH of surety . . .. .. .. .. .. .. sentence and pregnant woman convicted capital offence. .

306

DECISION of court may be reserved . . .. .. .. .. .. of High Court re case stated, powers of subordinate courts after. . pronouncement of by appellate court . . .. .. .. DEFECT in warrant. . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

348 328

DEFENCE case of . . .. .. .. .. .. in High Court . . .. .. .. .. in subordinate court .. .. .. additional witnesses for . . .. .. .. reply by . . .. .. .. .. .. of accused at P.I. . . .. .. .. .. of insanity at time of offence .. .. question whether accused capable of making . . procedure when accused unfit to make .. prosecution right to reply when evidence adduced 295 where no witnesses called by, other than accused witnesses, cross-examination of . . .. .. witnesses for .. .. .. .. .. DELEGATION of powers by Director of Public Prosecutions DEMEANOUR of witness to be recorded. . DEPOSIT instead of bail bond .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

207

167 160 161 .. 209

82

DEPOSITIONS copy of, accused at P.I. entitled to. . .. .. .. of ill witness in evidence . . .. .. .. .. of medical witness may be read as evidence .. .. 289 of P.I. to Director of Public Prosecutions and High Court 241

224, ..

of witnesses dangerously ill .. .. read as evidence . . .. .. .. return of by Director of Public Prosecutions to be signed by witness at P.I. . .. transmission of . . .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. 288 .. .. 239

237 244 224

DETENTION during President's pleasure. . .. .. .. of persons sentenced to death .. .. of property, evidence insufficient to support charge 178 DISCHARGE of persons detained during President's pleasure . . of sureties. . .. .. .. .. .. DISOBEY summons, warrant for DISTRAINER not a trespasser . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

Section 162, 163, 164 .. 304 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 128 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

164

144 354 312 .. 354 308 195 (3) .. 39

DISTRESS commitment in lieu of . . insufficient, commitment for not illegal. . .. .. warrant, sale of property . . DOCUMENTS interpreted to accused ..

311

DUTY of persons to assist magistrates or police officer. . ENDORSEMENT by magistrate on warrant of arrest. . of security on warrant of arrest .. ERROR in venue . . in warrant .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

110 (1), 111 103 352 320 .. .. 37 21

ESCAPE recapture of person escaping .. to prevent, no unnecessary restraint

EVIDENCE and charge, at variance at P.I. .. .. .. as to own good character . . .. .. .. .. by accused after that of prosecution .. .. .. communication between spouses. . .. .. .. evidence in reply when accused introduces new matter . .

.. 226 275 .. 158 157 (iv) .. 294

further before passing sentence . . .. .. .. .. further on appeal . . .. .. .. .. .. .. in reply . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. of defence in P.I. . . .. .. .. .. .. .. of depositions read. . .. .. .. .. .. .. of medical witness. . .. .. .. .. .. .. of M.O.-his report at P.I. . . .. .. .. .. .. of photographic process . . .. .. .. .. .. of plans, theft of postal matters and goods in transit on railways. . of wife or husband, competent witness .. .. .. of witness for defence at P.I. after accused .. .. .. of witnesses, issue of commission to take. . .. .. .. re time, variance between charge and evidence . . .. .. report of M.O. of asylum. . .. .. .. .. .. signature of Director of Public Prosecutions to be .. 84 to be given from the box . . .. .. .. .. .. to be interpreted to the accused and advocate . . .. .. to be taken in presence of accused. . .. .. .. .. use of deposition of ill witness .. .. .. .. where accused does not give .. .. .. .. .. EXAMINATION cross .. .. of witness .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

302 333 210 229 288 259, 289 225 193 .. 194 .. 151 .. 229 152 .. 213 165 .. .. 157 (vi) .. 195 191 .. 240 .. 212 205, 224 149 119 .. 109 ..

EXECUTION of search warrant . . .. .. .. of search warrant, closed premises .. of warrant of arrest. . .. .. .. of warrant of arrest outside local jurisdiction 111 EXEMPTION from being assessor .. ..

120 110 (1),

..

..

..

..

264 Section .. 241

EXHIBITS at P.I. to Director of Public Prosecutions and High Court disposal of .. .. .. .. .. .. EXPENSES and compensation out of fine .. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. 355 ..

..

177 ..

GUILT plea of and payment of fines for minor offences in lieu of appear- ance in court .. 221 GUILTY plea at High Court. . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 279

plea of in writing-power to dispense with personal attendance . . HABITUAL offenders, security for good behaviour offenders, summons to bring to court . . HOMICIDE of children, alternative verdicts . . ILLNESS of witness, deposition of . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 307 ..

.. .. .. 184 237 .. .. .. .. ..

99 44 47

IMPRISONMENT for failure to give security for good behaviour for failure to give security, term of .. for failure to give security to keep peace. . of refractory witness .. .. .. for non-payment, limitation of .. warrant for .. .. .. .. INDICTMENT framing of .. 137 .. .. ..

56 (7) 56 (4) 56 (6) 150 316

134, 135, 136,

INFORMATION amendment to . . .. .. .. .. .. copy of return of service . . .. .. .. .. copy to be served. . .. .. .. .. .. criminal, by Director of Public Prosecutions . . .. defective . . .. .. .. .. .. .. filed by Registrar of High Court . . .. .. .. form of . . .. .. .. .. .. .. in name of Director of Public Prosecutions .. .. joinder of charge on .. .. .. .. plea to . . .. .. .. .. .. .. quashing of .. .. .. .. .. .. framing of .. .. .. .. .. .. 137 after acquittal person may be tried for separate offence . . time in which to be filed . . .. .. .. .. INQUIRY re insanity of accused . . .. .. .. re truth of information re suspected person .. to be held (ordinarily) where offence committed place where to be held . . .. .. .. INSANITY defence of .. .. .. of accused, inquiry re . . .. of accused, authority for detention. . .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 274 .. .. ..

273 249 248 .. 83 273 (2) 245, 257 252 .. 251 .. 135 272 134, 135, 136, .. 246 139

. .. .160, 161 (3), 165 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . . 69 .. .. 167 . .. .160, 161 (3), 165 .. .. . . 163

50 69

INSTALMENTS of payment of fine, etc. . . INSTITUTION of proceedings . . ..

.. ..

.. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

310 (3) 90 .. .. .. 2,253 195 ..

INTERPRETATION .. .. .. .. of documents and evidence to accused and advocate INTERROGATORIES may be forwarded to commission to take evidence 153

INVESTIGATION further, Director of Public Prosecutions has power to direct 243 power to issue search warrant .. .. .. IRREGULARITIES in warrant of arrest. . .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. 113

.. 118

ISSUE of commission to take evidence . . of summons or warrant . . .. of summons or warrant on Sunday of warrant .. .. .. of warrant only after complaint on oath JOINDER of charges of accused .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 135 136 .. .. .. 169 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Section 152 91 (1) .. 91 (2) 315 .. 91 (1)

.. .. ..

JUDGE not bound by opinion of assessors. .

297 (2) 298 170 301 ..

JUDGMENT arrest of . . .. .. .. .. .. copy to accused . . .. .. .. .. contents of .. .. .. .. .. cures objections . . .. .. .. .. entry of, where public officer convicted of offence 171 in presence of accused . . .. .. .. mode of delivering. . .. .. .. .. not invalid because one party absent .. .. to be read out if so requested .. .. KINDRED offences, alternative verdicts 187, 188 .. .. ..

..

168 (2) 168 (1) .. 168 (3) .. 168 (1) .. 186,

LETTER plea of guilt by admission of previous convictions 99 (1) LIMITATION of imprisonment for non-payment. . .. of time in which information to be filed of time to trials . . .. .. .. to appeals. . .. .. .. .. MAGISTRATE duty to assist .. may arrest person. . may authorise arrest may transfer cases. . to issue warrant . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

..

..

..

..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 322 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

316 .. 219

246

39 35 35 78, 79 36 .. 17 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 185

MANSLAUGHTER person may be convicted of negligent driving . . MEDICAL examination of accused persons . . .. officer, report of shall be evidence at P.I.. . officer, report of, of asylum .. .. officers in public service, reports by .. witness, affidavit may be read as evidence witness, deposition may be read as evidence MINOR accused may be convicted of minor offence .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

225 165 191A 259 289 181 190 11 29 (1),

MISDEMEANOUR charge of, not to be acquitted if a felony proved MURDER trial before subordinate court .. .. ..

NAME and address, refusal to give to police officer 32 (3)

NOLLE prosequi . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. prosequi, discharge under, not a bar to subsequent proceedings. . NON appearance of accused after adjournment. . appearance of complainant. . .. .. appearance of parties after adjournment NOT guilty plea at High Court . . guilty plea, proceedings after .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

81 (1) (2) .. 81 (1) 203 (1) 199 .. 203 276 ..

280

NOTES of trial when death sentence imposed to President 305 NOTICE of appeal to prosecutor and appellant of trial . . .. .. .. of trial, return of service . . .. of trial to be served. . .. .. OBJECTIONS cured by judgment. . to attachment .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

..

..

..

..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Section .. 326 247 249 248 301 309 181 .. .. .. 140 .. 186 139 .. 134 135 136 .. .. ..

OFFENCE conviction for another . . .. .. .. .. cognizable, information to commit .. .. .. cognizable, arrest of person designing to commit .. cognizable, police officer to prevent .. .. .. different, trial for . . .. .. .. .. .. entry of judgment where public officer convicted of . . 171 kindred, on charge of rape. . .. .. .. .. separate, trial of . . .. .. .. .. .. unsuitable to be tried before subordinate court . . .. how charged .. .. .. .. .. .. joinder of .. .. .. .. .. .. joinder of accused. . .. .. .. .. .. proved included in offence charged .. .. .. person charged with, may be convicted for attempt .. 182 minor, plea of guilt and payment of fine in lieu of appearance 221 OMISSIONS in warrants .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

62 63 61 ..

220

181 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

320 .. 297 .. .. .. .. .. .. 285

OPENING of prosecution at High Court OPINION of assessors .. .. .. of assessors, Judge not bound by. .

297 340 329 .. ..

ORDERS by revising court . . .. .. .. .. by appellate court to be certified . . .. .. of dismissal bar to further proceedings .. of magistrate for security to accompany summons 48

216 ..

of magistrate re suspected person or habitual offender . . of police supervision shall be on warrant. . .. .. appeal from and amendment of . . .. .. .. substance of to be made by magistrate re suspected person 45 to assist in arrest, to land-holder . . .. .. .. to give security for good behaviour .. .. .. to give security for good behaviour, appeal .. .. PAYMENT in full after commitment . . .. .. .. .. of fine, etc., by instalment. . .. .. .. .. part, after commitment . . .. .. .. .. of fines for minor offences in lieu of appearance in court PERMISSION to conduct prosecution . . .. .. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 132 .. 105 .. ..

44 317 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

51 (1) 51 (2)

313 310 (3) 314 .. 221 89 (1) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 108 66 67 138 130 23 .. 181 ..

PERSON arrested to be brought before court .. .. .. accused to be sent to district where offence committed . . arrested in a district to be sent with warrant .. .. acquitted not be retried for same offence. . .. .. bound by recognizance absconding .. .. .. powers of police to search vehicles, etc. .. .. charged with offence may be convicted of attempt .. 182 may be convicted of minor offence .. .. .. charged manslaughter may be convicted negligent driving 185 PERSONAL attendance, magistrate may direct. . .. attendance of the accused dispensed with. . .. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

99 (2) 99 204 .. 279 ..

PLEA of accused to charge .. .. .. .. .. .. of guilt in writing-power to dispense with personal attendance . . of guilty at High Court . . .. .. .. .. .. of guilt, court shall convict .. .. .. .. ..

99 204 (2)

PLEA-continued Section of not guilty at High Court. . .. .. .. .. .. . . 276 of not guilty .. .. .. .. .. .. . . 205 of not guilty, proceedings after .. .. .. .. .. .. 280 refusal of, by accused . . .. .. .. .. .. . . 204 refusal to at High Court . . .. .. .. .. .. . . 278 to information . . .. .. .. .. .. .. . . 272 of guilt and payment of fines for minor offences in lieu of appearance in court .. .. 221

POLICE officer authorised to take bail .. .. .. .. .. .. 123 officer shall prevent cognizable offence .. .. .. .. .. 61 officer to prevent injury to property .. .. .. .. .. .. 64 supervision .. .. .. .. .. .. . . 317 supervision, fail to comply with requirement . . .. .. .. .. 319 supervision, requirements of .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 318 supervision, warrant for . . .. .. .. .. .. . . 315 power to detain and search vehicles and persons .. .. .. .. 23 to sign and present formal charge. . .. .. .. .. . . 90 (5) plea of guilt and payment of fine by accused persons in lieu of appearance in court .. 221 POWERS delegation of by Director of Public Prosecutions .. .. of appellate court . . .. .. .. .. .. .. of Chief Justice to make rules .. .. .. .. .. of court to order prisoner before it. . .. .. .. .. of court to order prisoner to be brought .. .. .. of President on death sentence .. .. .. .. of High Court re criminal information .. .. .. of High Court on revision. . .. .. .. .. .. of High Court to order preliminary inquiry .. .. .. of High Court to issue commission .. .. .. .. of magistrate to prevent breach of peace .. .. .. of magistrate to require bonds from suspects . . .. .. of public prosecutors .. .. .. .. .. of subordinate courts .. .. .. .. .. to appoint public prosecutor by Director of Public Prosecutions. . of police to detain and search vehicles and persons .. .. to order accused to pay compensation . . .. .. .. to dispense with personal attendance . . .. .. .. to examine persons in court .. .. .. .. .. to issue search warrant . . .. .. .. .. .. to recall witness . . .. .. .. .. .. .. to take bond for appearance .. .. .. .. .. PRACTICE of High Court .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 327 .. 116 .. 305 .. 338 .. .. .. .. 87 7 .. .. .. .. .. 118 149 .. 260 .. .. 255 10 .. 306 224 82 359 147 83 (3) 10 154 40, 42 43

86 23 175 99 149

114

PREGNANCY will prevent sentence of death

PRELIMINARY inquiry, charge to be read to accused . . .. .. .. inquiry, none in summary procedure case. . .. .. .. inquiry, power to order . . .. .. .. .. .. inquiry, questions re insanity of accused not to be determined at..

166

inquiry to be held. .

..

..

..

..

.. ..

.. ..

.. ..

223 .. 305 (3)

PRESIDENT power of on death sentence .. .. .. (4) (5) PREVIOUS convictions, accused not to be asked questions . . convictions, accused not to be asked, exceptions convictions against person not in attendance . . convictions, how proved . . .. .. .. convictions, procedure on at High Court .. .. convictions to be admitted in writing on plea by letter PRISONER appeal by . . .. .. before court, order to bring to be brought before court. . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 142 .. .. 323 .. 147 325 324 ..

157 (vi) 157 (vi) 99 (4) 275 99

116

PROCEDURE on appeal . . .. .. .. on appeal, preliminary . . .. for application to appeal out of time

324

PROCEDURE-continued on arrest outside local jurisdiction. . .. .. on committal for sentence. . .. .. .. on order of detention during President's pleasure on previous convictions at High Court .. on warrant of arrest outside local jurisdiction . . statements of accused . . .. .. .. evidence and address for defence. . .. .. discharge of accused .. .. .. when accused unfit to make his defence .. when corporation charged with offence .. when pregnant woman convicted capital offence PROCEEDINGS completion of . . institution of .. in wrong place . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Section 112 218 .. 162 .. 275 .. 111 228 229 230 .. 161 .. 356 .. 306 169A 90 352 .. .. .. 179 179 64 .. 19 (2) 20 19 (1)

PROPERTY break into, for purposes of searching . . .. .. break out of, to liberate arresting officer .. .. enter, for purpose of search .. .. .. .. found on accused person . . .. .. .. .. may be applied to pay fine, etc. . . .. .. .. police officer to prevent injury to. . .. .. .. powers of police to detain and search vehicles and persons 23

..

restitution of .. .. .. .. restitution of, when charge not proved seized, to be brought before court. . .. to be sold to pay order of court under warrant

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

179, 180 .. 178 121 .. 308 291 .. 84 89 (3) 285 89 (1) 211 294 .. 172 (2) 326 .. 86 87 88 211, 295 .. 238 142 .. 265 .. 274 205, 224 186 93 (2), 94 188 132 131 .. 133 148 (1)

PROSECUTION close of . . .. .. .. .. .. .. evidence of consent of Director of Public Prosecutions . . in person or by advocate . . .. .. .. .. opening at High Court . . .. .. .. .. permission to conduct . . .. .. .. .. reply by . . .. .. .. .. .. .. when fresh evidence adduced by accused. . .. .. PROSECUTOR may be required to pay costs .. .. .. notice of appeal to. . .. .. .. .. .. public, appointment by Director of Public Prosecutions. . public, powers of . . .. .. .. .. .. public, withdrawal from . . .. .. .. .. reply by . . .. .. .. .. .. .. to be informed of intention to take deposition . . .. PROVING previous convictions .. .. .. previous convictions on plea of guilt in writing . . PUBLICATION list of assessors .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

99

PUNISHMENT of witness for non-attendance QUASHING of information .. .. .. .. .. ..

QUESTIONS to witness by accused RAPE alternative verdict. . RECEIPT for summons RECEIVING conviction for .. ..

RECOGNIZANCE amendment of order forfeiture of .. from parties in cases stated High Court may order . .

342

persons bound by, absconding RECOGNIZANCE replaceable by deposit warrant of distress for .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 296 .. .. .. .. .. ..

130 Section 126 131 8 215 337 150 .. 234 278 125 228 .. 228 228 197 (2) 343

RECONCILIATION subordinate court may promote . . RECORDING of conviction .. .. .. .. ..

RECORDS High Court may call for . . REFRACTORY witness . . .. ..

REFUSAL by subordinate court for case stated to be bound over . . .. .. to plead at High Court . . .. RELEASE from custody after bail . . REMAND at P.I. .. .. .. at P.I. admit accused to bail at P.I. for three days at P.I. for fifteen days . . .. .. .. .. ..

228

REMITTED cases for trial in subordinate court. . REPLY by defence by prosecutor .. .. .. .. .. ..

295 191A 225 165 .. .. 318 319

REPORT by M.O. in public service. . .. by M.O. shall be evidence at P.I.. . of M.O. of asylum. . .. ..

REQUIREMENTS of accused under police supervision .. .. .. of accused under police supervision, failure to comply . . RESTITUTION of property .. .. .. of property when charge not proved RESTRAINT to prevent escape . . REVISING .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

. .179,180 .. .. .. .. .. 21

178

court, no right of party to be heard. . court, orders by . . .. .. REVISION by High Court . . .. powers of High Court on . . RIGHT of reply . . .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

339 340 132,337 338 160 292-296 .. ..

ROADS and Road Traffic Act, conviction in cases of manslaughter 185 SEARCH of persons arrested. . .. .. .. .. of women arrested. . .. .. .. .. on closed premises. . .. .. .. .. warrant, execution of .. .. .. warrant, execution on Sunday .. .. warrant, issue of . . .. .. .. .. warrant, provisions applicable .. .. powers of police to detain persons and vehicles . . SECURITIES power to reject . . .. .. endorsement on warrant of arrest. . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

22 24 120 119 .. 118 .. .. 55 103 ..

119 122 23

SECURITY failure to give, court may order release of person imprisoned . . 57 SECURITY for good behaviour from habitual offenders .. .. .. for good behaviour from persons disseminating seditious matters 41 for good behaviour from suspected person .. .. .. for good behaviour, when commence . . .. .. .. procedure on failure to give .. .. .. .. .. SEDITIOUS matters, security for good behaviour .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. Section 44 .. 43 53 56(1) 41 15(2) 217 13 302

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 15(1) 303 304 ..

SENTENCE aggregate of consecutive, re confirmation of . . .. committal to High Court for .. .. .. .. date of commencement when sentence to be confirmed . . evidence may be adduced as to proper . . .. .. for several offences at one trial . . .. .. .. of death . . .. .. .. .. .. .. of death. detention. . .. .. .. .. .. of death, notes of trial to the President . . .. ..

305

of death, notes of trial to the President . . .. payment by instalments . . .. .. .. power of courts to suspend. . .. .. .. procedure on committal for .. .. .. requiring confirmation . . .. .. .. suspension of .. .. .. .. .. suspension of, pending appeal .. .. to include day that it was pronounced . . .. when not reversible .. .. .. when woman convicted capital offence is pregnant 306 which High Court may pass .. .. .. SERVICE of summons .. .. .. of summons, on company. . .. .. of summons outside local jurisdiction . . of summons, proof of .. .. .. of summons when person cannot be found SEX of witness to be recorded. . offences, alternative verdicts SPEECHES order of . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 290 .. .. .. ..

.. 310(3) 16 .. 9 310 332 .. .. .. ..

305

218

307 353 .. 6

93(1) 96 .. 97 98 .. 94,95 196 ..

186

159,292

STATEMENT of accused. . .. .. of accused at P.I. . . .. of accused to be signed by him to be supplied to accused. .

228 228 258 188 .. ..

STEALING and kindred offences, alternative verdicts. .

STOLEN property, powers of police to detain and search vehicles and persons . . 23 SUMMARY adjudication .. .. procedure case, certifying of case as procedure case, no P.I. . . .. SUMMONING of assessors .. SUMMONS contents of disobeyed for witness .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 267 92 101 143

232 .. 255

254

issue of . . .. .. .. .. .. .. issue of, on Sunday .. .. .. .. non-appearance of representative of corporation in answer to proof of service . . .. .. .. .. .. receipt for .. .. .. .. .. .. service of .. .. .. .. .. .. service of, outside local jurisdiction .. .. .. service on company .. .. .. .. to assessor, form of .. .. .. .. to bring suspected person or habitual offender before court 47 SUMMONS-continued warrant for witness who disobeys. . .. .. when service cannot be effected on person named in SUPERVISION by police . . .. .. .. .. by police, failure to comply with requirements by police, requirements of. . .. .. by police, warrant for .. .. SURETIES death of . . discharge of .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

91 .. .. 98 93 (2) 93 (1) .. .. .. ..

91 (2) 356 (6)

97 96 268 .. Section

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

144 .. 317 .. 318 317

94, 95

319

129 59, 128 .. 49 47 310 331 .. 188 351 .. 219 324 213 1 78 .. 43

SUSPECTED persons, magistrate may require bond from person may appear by advocate . . .. summons to bring to court. . .. .. SUSPENSION of execution of sentence . . of orders on appeal. . .. of sentence, power of courts .. .. .. .. .. ..

16

THEFT and kindred offences, alternative verdicts. . TIME enlarging of by High Court re case stated. . in which information to be filed . . .. limitations to trial. . .. .. .. procedure for application to appeal out of. . variance of, between charge and evidence. . TITLE short .. .. .. .. ..

246

TRANSFER of cases . . .. .. .. .. of documents to court having jurisdiction. .

77 (3)

of prisoner on warrant to court having jurisdiction 77 (2) of trial from a magistrate to another magistrate . .

.. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. .. 239 ..

.. 79

TRANSMISSION depositions of ill witness . . .. .. .. .. of P.I. to Director of Public Prosecutions and High Court 241 TREASON trial before subordinate court .. .. ..

..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. 261 222 .. 208 .. 300 167 140 76 .. ..

11 250 156 ..

TRIAL adjournment of, at High Court on application . . .. adjournment of, for return of commission. . .. .. adjournment of, when High Court thinks expedient .. 273 (5) before High Court. . .. .. .. .. .. before High Court, committal for. . .. .. .. before High Court, offence unsuitable for subordinate court 220 before subordinate court, defence. . .. .. .. by High Court only .. .. .. .. decision of court may be reserved. . .. .. .. defence of insanity at .. .. .. .. different offence . . .. .. .. .. .. in camera . . .. .. .. .. .. .. in subordinate court .. .. .. .. in subordinate court with assessors .. .. .. 198 in subordinate court on remission. . .. .. .. limitations to trial (time) . . .. .. .. .. mode of, before High Court .. .. .. .. notice of . . .. .. .. .. .. .. notice of, return of service. . .. .. .. .. notice to be served. . .. .. .. .. .. of murder before High Court . . .. .. .. of offences under other written laws .. .. .. of offences under Penal Code .. .. .. of offences if venue is in doubt to be decided by High Court 75 of treason before High Court .. .. .. where original court not competent to hear charge .. 141 resumption of, after inquiry re insanity .. .. selection of assessors to attend .. .. .. TRIAL-continued separate, of offences in information .. .. ..

..

11

197 (1) 197 (1),

197 (2) 219 .. 68 247 249 248 .. 11 .. 3 (2) .. 3 (1) .. .. .. .. .. 282 11 .. 165

Section .. 273 (4)

to be held (ordinarily) where offence committed .. to be held at place where consequences ensue . . .. to be postponed if accused proved of unsound mind . . unnecessary witnesses . . .. .. .. .. unnecessary witness may be conditionally bound over . . where offence is committed near boundary of district . . where offence is committed in respect of property on railway 73 (2) where offence is committed on journey .. .. where offence is committed within ten miles of boundary 73 where offence is committed within ten miles of rail .. 73 (2) where place of offence is uncertain .. .. .. where several offences are committed . . .. .. on separate offence. . .. .. .. .. .. VARIANCE between charge and evidence at P.I. between charge and evidence re time VEHICLES manslaughter, alternative verdict. . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 236 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 139 .. .. 185 352 .. 80

69 70 278 236 73 .. 74 .. .. 72 71

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

226 213

VENUE error in . . .. .. .. .. .. of trial, application for change must be supported change of, may be granted by High Court. . .. VERDICT alternative, in offences . . .. .. .. .. ..

80 (3)

183-188 .. 320 .. .. .. .. .. .. 91 91 (2) 67 .. 100 102 .. 23

VESSELS powers of police to detain and search

WARRANT defects, errors and omissions in . . .. .. for levy of fine, etc. .. .. .. for order of police supervision .. .. for witness in first instance .. .. .. for witness, mode of dealing with after arrest . . for witness who disobeys summons .. .. in sentence for imprisonment .. .. issue of, after complaint on oath . . .. .. issue on Sunday . . .. .. .. .. necessary for removal of prisoner. . .. .. of arrest, accused to be notified of substance . . of arrest, after issue of summons. . .. .. of arrest, contents of .. .. .. of arrest directed to police officer outside jurisdiction

308 317 (4) 145 146 144 307

107

111

of arrest, duration of .. .. .. .. of arrest executed in Zambia .. .. .. of arrest executed outside local jurisdiction .. .. of arrest executed by police officer .. .. .. of arrest, execution outside local jurisdiction . . .. 111 (1) of arrest outside local jurisdiction, magistrate to endorse 111 (2) of arrest, irregularities in . . .. .. .. .. of arrest may be endorsed for security . . .. .. of arrest shown to the accused .. .. .. of attachment, objections to .. .. .. .. of death, President to issue. . .. .. .. .. of distress, execution of . . .. .. .. .. of distress for fine for contempt of court. . .. .. of distress for forfeiture of bond . . .. .. .. of distress for forfeiture to be endorsed by magistrate . . of distress for recognizance .. .. .. .. of search, execution of . . .. .. .. .. of search, execution on Sunday . . .. .. .. of search, issue of. . .. .. .. .. .. of search, provisions applicable . . .. .. .. who may issue for sentence .. .. .. .. WEAPONS person arresting authorised to take. . WIFE competent witness. . WITHDRAWAL from prosecution . . of complaint .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. 113 .. 107 .. 305 308 .. 60 (2) .. .. 119 119 118 119 .. 25 151

102 (3) 109 112 106 110 (1), 110 (2),

103 309

148 (2) 60 (3) 131

315

.. ..

.. ..

.. ..

.. ..

.. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 207

Section 88, 89 (2) 201 .. .. 293 .. .. 196 236 .. .. .. .. 286 286 243 259

WITNESSES additional, at prosecution at High Court .. .. .. additional, at prosecution, accused to be notified .. .. additional, for defence . . .. .. .. .. .. additional, Director of Public Prosecutions has power to direct . . affidavit of medical, may be read as evidence . . .. .. age and sex to be recorded. . .. .. .. .. .. binding over conditionally. . .. .. .. .. .. competent, wife or husband .. .. .. .. .. competence of, for defence .. .. .. .. .. demeanour of, to be recorded .. .. .. .. evidence of, issue of commission to take. . .. .. .. for defence .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

151 157 196 152

for defence, competence of accused .. for defence at P.I. after the accused .. for defence, cross-examination of. . .. for prosecution, cross-examination of . . ill, accused and prosecutor to be informed of ill, deposition of . . .. .. .. mode of dealing with arrest, under warrant parties may examine .. .. parties may forward interrogatories .. recall by court . . .. .. .. refractory . . .. .. .. .. summons for .. .. .. .. to be bound over at P.I. . . .. .. to give evidence in reply . . .. .. unnecessary at trial .. .. .. warrant for .. .. .. .. when accused is only .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 145 ..

.. .. 292 .. .. 237 .. 153 .. 149 150 143 233 210 236 209

157 229 287 238 146 153

CHAPTER 89 THE SUICIDE ACT


ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

Section 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Short title Interpretation Suicide not to be an offence Warrant to issue for person attempting suicide Apprehension without warrant of person attempting suicide Inquiry into state of mind of person apprehended Suicide pacts Criminal liability for complicity in another's suicide Power to prescribe

CHAPTER 89

SUICIDE An Act to amend the law relating to suicide, and for purposes connected therewith and consequential thereon. [27th January, 1967] 1. This Act may be cited as the Suicide Act.

1 of 1967

Short title

2. In this Act"officer" means an Administrative Officer, a police officer or any person or class of persons prescribed.

Interpretation

3. The rule of law whereby it is an offence against the common law for Suicide not to be an offence a person to kill himself is hereby abrogated. 4. (1) Where a magistrate empowered to preside over a subordinate court of the first class or the second class is satisfied upon information on oath that a person has attempted to kill himself and is apparently mentally disordered or defective, he shall issue a warrant directing an officer to apprehend the person and bring him before the magistrate issuing the warrant. (2) Any person may swear an information for the purposes of this section. 5. (1) An officer, if he has reason to believe that a person has attempted to kill himself and is apparently mentally disordered or defective, may, without warrant, apprehend and convey the person to a hospital, prison or other suitable place for detention. (2) The officer apprehending a person and the person in charge of the hospital, prison or other place where a person is detained under subsection (1) shall forthwith notify a magistrate empowered to preside
Apprehension without warrant of person attempting suicide Warrant to be issued for person attempting suicide

over a subordinate court of the first class or the second class of the admission of the person. 6. The magistrate before whom a person apprehended under section four is brought, or who is notified as in section five is provided, shall forthwith institute an inquiry into the state of mind of the person apprehended or admitted into the hospital, prison or other place under and in accordance with the provisions of the Mental Disorders Act and that Act shall apply in the case of such a person as it applies in the case of a patient under that Act.
Inquiry into state of mind of person apprehended Cap. 305

Suicide pacts 7. (1) It shall be manslaughter, and shall not be murder, for a person acting in pursuance of a suicide pact between him and another to kill the other or be a party to the other being killed by a third person.

(2) Where it is shown that a person charged with the murder of another killed the other, or was a party to his being killed, the onus shall be on the defence to prove that the person charged was acting in pursuance of a suicide pact between him and the other. (3) For the purposes of this section, "suicide pact" means a common agreement between two or more persons having for its object the death of all of them, whether or not each is to take his own life, but nothing done by a person who enters into a suicide pact shall be treated as done by him in pursuance of the pact, unless it is done while he has the settled intention of dying in pursuance of the pact. 8. (1) Any person whoCriminal liability for complicity in another's suicide

(a)

procures another to kill himself; or

(b) counsels another to kill himself and thereby induces him to do so; or (c) aids another in killing himself;

shall be guilty of a felony and be liable to imprisonment for life.

(2) When a person is charged with murder or manslaughter and the court is of the opinion that he is not guilty of murder or manslaughter, but that he is guilty of an offence under subsection (1), he may be convicted of that offence although he is not charged with it. (3) A person shall not be prosecuted for an offence under this section, except with the written consent of the Director of Public Prosecutions.
Power to prescribe 9. The Attorney-General may, by statutory instrument, prescribe the persons or class of persons who shall be officers for the purposes of this Act.

CHAPTER 90 THE WITCHCRAFT ACT


ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

Section 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. Short title Interpretation Penalty for naming or imputing witchcraft Penalty on professional witch doctors Penalty for professing knowledge of witchcraft Acts constituting witchcraft Employment or solicitation of persons in matters of witchcraft Presence at tests Carrying out advice in matters of witchcraft Deceiving or imposing by means of witchcraft Possessing charms, etc. Penalty on chief or headman encouraging witchcraft Obtaining goods, etc., by false pretences
5 of 1914 47 of 1948 31 of 1952

CHAPTER 90 WITCHCRAFT

47 of 1963 Government Notice 493 of 1964 24 of 1977 26 of 1993 Act No. 13 of 1994

An Act to provide for penalties for the practice of witchcraft; and to provide for matters incidental to or connected therewith. [9th May, 1914] 1. This Act may be cited as the Witchcraft Act.
Short title

2. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires"act complained of" includes any death, injury, damage, disease or calamity, whether of an accidental or of a tortious character; "boiling water test" means the dipping into boiling water of the limbs or any portion of the body of a person; "property" includes animals; "witchcraft" includes the throwing of bones, the use of charms and any other means, process or device adopted in the practice of witchcraft or sorcery. 3. (a) (b) (c) Whoevernames or indicates or accuses or threatens to accuse any person as being a wizard or witch; or imputes to any person the use of non-natural means in causing any death, injury, damage or calamity; or asserts that any person has, by committing adultery, caused in some non-natural way death, injury, damage or calamity;

Interpretation

Penalty for naming or imputing witchcraft

shall be liable upon conviction to a fine not exceeding seven hundred and fifty penalty units or to imprisonment with or without hard labour for any term not exceeding one year, or to both:

Provided that this section shall not apply to any person who makes a report to a police officer of or above the rank of Sub Inspector or, where there is no such police officer, to a District Secretary or an Assistant District Secretary. (As amended by No. 47 of 1948, No. 31 of 1952, No. 47 of 1963 G.N. No. 493 of 1964), No. 24 of 1977, No. 26 of 1993 and Act No. 13 of 1994) 4. Whoever shall be proved to be by habit or profession a witch doctor Penalty on or witch finder shall be liable upon conviction to a fine of not more than professional witch doctors one thousand five hundred penalty units or to imprisonment with or without hard labour for any term not exceeding two years, or to both. (As amended by No. 47 of 1948, No. 31 of 1952, No. 26 of 1993 and Act No. 13 of 1994) 5. Any person whoPenalty for professing knowledge of witchcraft

(a) represents himself as able by supernatural means to cause fear, annoyance, or injury to another in mind, person or property; or (b) pretends to exercise any kind of supernatural power, witchcraft, sorcery or enchantment calculated to cause such fear, annoyance or injury; shall be liable to a fine of not more than one thousand five hundred penalty units or to imprisonment with or without hard labour for any term not exceeding two years. (No. 47 of 1948 as amended by Act No. 26 of 1993 and Act No. 13 of 1994) 6. Whoever shall-

(a) by the exercise of any witchcraft or any non-natural means whatsoever, pretend or attempt to discover where and in what manner any property supposed or alleged to have been stolen or lost may be found or to name or indicate any person as a thief or as the perpetrator of any crime or any other act complained of; or (b) in the pretence of discovering or in the attempt to discover whether or not any person has committed any crime or any other act complained of, administer or cause to be administered to any person with or without his consent any emetic or purgative or apply or cause to be applied to any person with or without his consent the boiling water

Acts constituting witchcraft

test or any other test whatsoever; or (c) instigate, direct, control or preside at the doing of any act specified in the foregoing part of this section; shall be liable upon conviction to the punishments provided by section four. 7. (a) Whoever employs or solicits any personto name or indicate any person as being a wizard or witch;
Employment or solicitation of persons in matters of witchcraft

(b) to name or indicate by means of witchcraft or by the use of any non-natural means or by the administration of any emetic or purgative or by the application of any test whatsoever any person as the perpetrator of any alleged crime or other act complained of; (c) to advise him or any person how by means of witchcraft or by the use of any non-natural means or by means of any emetic or purgative or test whatsoever the perpetrator of any alleged crime or other act complained of may be discovered; (d) to advise him on any matter or for any purpose whatsoever by means of witchcraft or non-natural means; shall be liable upon conviction to the punishments provided in section three.

8. Any person who is present at the administration to any person of any Carrying out advice in matters of test, the administration of which is punishable under the provisions of witchcraft this Act, shall be liable upon conviction to a fine not exceeding two hundred penalty units or to imprisonment with or without hard labour for any term not exceeding one year, or to both. Provided that no person called as a witness to prove the administration of any test as aforesaid shall be deemed to be an accomplice or to need corroboration as such by reason only that he was present at the administration of any test as aforesaid. (As amended by No. 31 of 1952, No. 26 of 1993 and Act No. 13 of 1994)
Deceiving or 9. Whoever, on the advice of any person pretending to have the imposing by means knowledge of witchcraft or of any non-natural processes or in the of witchcraft exercise of any witchcraft or of any non-natural means, shall use or cause to be put into operation such means or processes as he may have been advised or may believe to be calculated to injure any person or any

property shall be liable upon conviction to the punishments provided by section four 10. Every person professing to be able to control by non-natural means the course of nature or using any subtle craft, means or device by means of witchcraft, charms or otherwise to deceive or impose upon any other person shall be liable upon conviction to a fine not exceeding two hundred penalty units or to imprisonment with or without hard labour for any term not exceeding one year, or to both. (As amended by No. 31 of 1952, No. 26 of 1993 and Act No. 13 of 1994) 11. (1) Any person who collects, makes, sells or uses or assists or takes Possessing charms, part in collecting, selling, marking or using any charm or poison or thing etc. which he intends for use either by himself or by some other person for the purpose of any act punishable by this Act shall be liable upon conviction to a fine not exceeding two hundred penalty units or to imprisonment with or without hard labour for any term not exceeding one year, or to both. (2) Any person who has in his possession any charm or poison or thing which he intends for use either by himself or by some other person for the purpose of any act punishable by this Act shall be liable upon conviction to a fine of not more than one hundred penalty units or to imprisonment with or without hard labour for any term not exceeding six months, or to both. (3) A person found in possession of anything commonly used for the purpose of an act punishable by this Act shall be deemed to have intended such thing for use for the purpose of an act punishable by this Act unless and until the contrary be proved. (As amended by No. 31 of 1952, No. 26 of 1993 and Act No. 13 of 1994) 12. Any chief or headman who directly or indirectly permits, promotes, encourages or facilitates the commission of any act punishable by this Act or who knowing of such act or intended act does not forthwith report the same to a police officer of or above the rank of Sub Inspector or, where there is no such police officer, to a District Secretary or an Assistant District Secretary, shall be liable upon
Penalty on chief or headman encouraging witchcraft

conviction to a fine or to imprisonment with or without hard labour for any term not exceeding three years. (As amended by G.N. No. 493 of 1964, No. 24 of 1977, No. 26 of 1993 and Act No. 13 of 1994)
Obtaining goods, 13. (1) Any person who shall receive or obtain any consideration whatsoever or the promise thereof for or in respect of the doing by such etc., by false pretences person of any act punishable by this Act shall, if he has actually received such consideration, be deemed guilty of the offence of obtaining by false pretences and, if he has not actually received such consideration but only the promise thereof, be deemed guilty of the offence of attempting to obtain by false pretences and shall be liable upon conviction to punishment accordingly.

(2) Any agreement for the giving of any consideration for or in respect of the doing of any act punishable by this Act shall be null and void.

CHAPTER 91 THE ANTI-CORRUPTION COMMISSION ACT


ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

PART I PRELIMINARY Section 1. 2. 3. Short title Application Interpretation

PART II THE ANTI-CORRUPTION COMMISSION 4. 5. 6. The Anti-Corruption Commission Extent or Commission's autonomy Seal of Commission

7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13.

Composition of Commission Tenure of office and vacancy Functions of Commission Reports and recommendation by Commission Proceedings of Commission Committees Disclosure of interest

14. Prohibition of disclosure of information to unauthorised persons 15. Immunity of Commissioners

PART III THE DIRECTORATE OF THE COMMISSION 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. Director-General Tenure of office of Director-General Appointment of Deputy Director-General Investigating officers, Secretary and other staff of Commission Powers of Director-General Special powers of investigation Powers of Commission's officers to arrest Identity card Restriction on disposal of property, etc.

25. Prohibition of disclosure of information to unauthorised persons by staff 26. Immunity of Director-General, Deputy Director-General and other staff of Commission 27. Obstructing officers of Commission and false reports to Commission 28. Impersonation and procurement of Commission's officers

PART IV OFFENCES, PENALTIES GRATIFICATION AND RECOVERY OF

29. 30. 31. 32. 33. etc. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. valuer

Corrupt practices by or with public officers Corrupt use of official powers and procuring corrupt use of official powers Corrupt transactions by or with private bodies Corrupt transactions by or with agents Corruption of members of public bodies in regard to meetings, Gratification for giving assistance, etc. in regard to contracts Gratification for procuring withdrawal of tenders Gratification in regard to bidding at auction sales Possession of unexplained property Certain matters not to constitute defence Attempts, conspiracies, etc. Public officer's powers of report, etc. General penalty Penalty additional to other punishment Recovery of gratification by distress, etc. Principal may recover gratification corruptly received by agent Certificate of Government Valuation Officer or other specialist

PART V POWERS OF THE PROSECUTIONS 46. 47. 48. DIRECTOR OF PUBLIC

Consent of the Director of Public Prosecutions Power of Director of Public Prosecutions to obtain information Bail where suspect or accused person about to leave Zambia

PART VI EVIDENCE, PRESUMPTIONS AND OTHER MATTERS 49. 50. 51. Presumptions of corrupt intention Corroborative evidence of pecuniary resources or property Affidavit evidence

52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58.

Evidence of custom inadmissible Absence of power, authority or opportunity, no defence Tender of pardon Corrupt practice coming to notice of Commission False, frivolous or groundless complaints or allegations Alternative convictions and amending particulars Defences

59. Liability of public officers, citizens of Zambia, etc for offences committed outside Zambia PART VII MISCELLANEOUS 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. Savings and transitional provisions Transfer of staff Rules Regulations Repeal of Act No. 14 of 1980.

FIRST SCHEDULE 1. 2. 3. 4. Funds of Commission Financial Year Accounts Annual report

SECOND SCHEDULE OATH OF SECRETARY OR STAFF OF COMMISSION


CHAPTER 91

ANTI-CORRUPTION COMMISSION An Act to provide for the establishment of the Anti-Corruption Commission as an autonomous body, its powers and functions; provide

Act No. 46 of 1996 Statutory Instrument

for the composition of the Commission; the powers and functions of the 33 of 1997 Director-General; repeal and replacement of the Corrupt Practices Act, 1980, and to provide for matters connected with or incidental to the foregoing. [12th December, 1996

PART I PRELIMINARY 1. This Act may be cited as the Anti-Corruption Commission Act.
Short title

2. All offences under this Act shall be enquired into, tried, and otherwise dealt with in accordance with the Criminal Procedure Code and Part I of the Penal Code. 3. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires-

Application Cap. 88 Cap. 87

Interpretation

"agent" means a trustee, an executor, an administrator, or any person not employed by a public or private body who acts for or on behalf, or in the name, of a public body or a private body or any other person; "appointed date" means such date as the President may appoint under section one; "appropriate authority" means any person or institution to whom a recommendation has been made; "casual gift" means any conventional hospitality on a modest scale or unsolicited gift of modest value offered to a person in recognition or appreciation of that person's services, or as a gesture of goodwill towards that person and includes any inexpensive seasonal gift offered to staff or associates by public and private bodies or private individuals on festive or other special occasions, which is not in any way connected with the performance of a person's official duty so as to constitute an offence under Part IV; "Chairperson" means the person appointed as Chairperson under section

seven; "Commission" means the Anti-Corruption Commission established under section four; "Commissioner" means a person appointed as Commissioner under section, seven; "corrupt" means the soliciting, accepting, obtaining, giving, promising or offering of a gratification by way of a bribe or other personal temptation or inducement, or the misuse or abuse of a public office for private advantage or benefit, and "corruptly" shall be construed accordingly; "Deputy Director-General" means a person appointed as Deputy Director-General under section eighteen; "Director-General" means the person appointed under section sixteen; "former Commission" means the Anti-Corruption Commission established under the repealed Act; "Government" includes any ministry, department, service or undertaking of the Government; "gratification" means any corrupt payment, whether in cash or in kind, any rebate, bonus, deduction or material gain, benefit, amenity, facility, concession or favour of any description and any loan, fee, reward, advantage or gift, or any other thing obtained as a result of the corrupt misuse or abuse of public funds or property, other than a casual gift; "Investigation officer" means the person appointed under section nineteen; "local authority" shall have the meaning assigned to it in the Local Government Act. "parastatal" means any company, association, statutory corporation, body or board or any institution of learning, in which the State has a financial interest;
Cap. 281 Act No. 14 of 1980

"principal" includes an employer, beneficiary under a trust, and a trust estate as though it were a person, and any person beneficiary interested in the estate of a deceased person as though the estate were a person, and, in relation to a public officer, a public body; "private body" means any person or organisation not being a public body, a voluntary organisation, charitable institution, company, partnership or a club; "public body" means the Government, any ministry or department of the Government, a local authority, parastatal board, council, authority, commission or other body appointed by the Government, or established by or under any written law; "public officer" means any person who is a member of, or holds office in, or is employed in the service of, a public body, whether such membership, office or employment is permanent or temporary, whole or part-time, paid or unpaid, and "public office" shall be construed accordingly; "repealed Act" means the Corrupt Practices Act, 1980;
Act No. 14 of 1980

"Secretary" means the person appointed Secretary under section nineteen; "staff" means the staff of the Commission appointed under section nineteen; "senior police officer" means any police officer of or above the rank of Assistant Superintendent; and "Vice-Chairperson" means the person appointed as Vice-Chairperson under section seven.

PART II THE ANTI-CORRUPTION COMMISSION 4. (1) There is hereby established the Anti-Corruption Commission which shall be a body corporate with perpetual succession and a common seal, capable of suing and being sued in its corporate name,
The Anti-Corruption Commission

and with power, subject to the provisions of this Act, to do all such things as a body corporate may, by law do or perform. (2) The First Schedule shall apply to the Commission. 5. The Commission shall not, in the performance of its duties, be subject to the direction or control of any person or authority.

Act No.14 of 1980

Extent of Commission's autonomy

6. (1) The seal of the Commission shall be such device as may be determined by the Commission and shall be kept by the Secretary. (2) The affixing of the seal shall be authenticated by the Chairperson or the Vice-Chairperson or any other person authorised in that behalf by a resolution of the Commission. (3) Any document purporting to be under the seal of the Commission or issued on behalf of the Commission shall be received in evidence and shall be deemed to be so executed or issued, as the case may be, without further proof, unless the contrary is proved. 7. (1) The Commission shall consist of the following Commissioners:

Seal of Commission

Composition of Commission

(a) (b)

the Chairperson and four other persons.

(2) The Commissioners referred to in paragraph (a) and (c) shall be appointed by the President, subject to ratification by the National Assembly. (3) The Chairperson shall be a person who has held or is qualified to hold high judicial office. 8. (1) A Commissioner referred to in subsection (1) of section seven shall be appointed for a term not exceeding three years, subject to renewal:
Tenure of office and vacancy

(2) A Commissioner may resign upon giving one month's notice in writing to the President. (3) The Office of a Commissioner shall become vacant(a) if the Commissioner is absent without reasonable excuse from three consecutive meetings of the Commission of which the Commissioner has had notice; (b) if the Commissioner becomes bankrupt;

(c) if the Commissioner becomes insane or is declared to be of unsound mind; and (d) upon the Commissioner's death.
Functions of Commission

9. (1) The functions of the Commission shall be to-

(a) prevent and take necessary and effective measures for the prevention of corruption in public and private bodies, including, in particular, measures for(i) examining the practices and procedures of public and private bodies in order to facilitate the discovery of corrupt practices and secure the revision of methods of work or procedures which in the opinion of the Commission, may be prone or conducive to corrupt practices; (ii) advising public bodies and private bodies on ways and means of preventing corrupt practices, and on changes in methods of work or procedures of such public bodies and private bodies compatible with the effective performance of their duties, which the Commission considers necessary to reduce the likelihood of the occurrence of corrupt practices: (iii) disseminating information on the evil and dangerous effects of corrupt practices on society; and (iv) enlisting and fostering public support: against corrupt practices.

(b) receive and investigate complaints of alleged or suspected corrupt practices, and, subject to the directions of the Director of Public Prosecutions, prosecute(i) offences under this Act; and

(ii) such other offence under any other written law as may have come to the notice of the Commission during the investigation of an offence under this Act: Provided that nothing in this paragraph shall be considered as precluding any public prosecutor from prosecuting, subject to the directions of the Director of Public Prosecutions, any offence under this Act which has come to the notice of the police during investigation of an offence under any written law; (c) investigate any conduct of any public officer which, in the opinion of the Commission may be connected with or conducive to corrupt practices; and (d) do all such things as are incidental or conducive to the attainment of the functions. (2) The Commission may refuse to conduct, or may decide to discontinue an investigation where it is satisfied that the complaint or allegation is malicious, trivial, frivolous, vexatious or the particulars accompanying it are insufficient to allow a proper investigation to be conducted and shall indicate accordingly in the report. (3) The Commission shall, in any case in which it decides not to conduct an investigation, or decides to discontinue an investigation inform the complainant in writing accordingly, and give reasons therefor. (4) The Commission may in any inquiry make such orders and give such directions as it may consider necessary for the purpose of conducting any investigation. 10. (1) The Commission may depending on the findings made, make such recommendation as it considers necessary to the appropriate
Reports and recommendation

authority. (2) The appropriate authority shall, within thirty days from the date of such recommendation make a report to the Commission, on any action taken by such authority.

by Commission

11. (1) Subject to the other provisions of this Act, the Commission may Proceedings of Commission regulate its own procedure. (2) The Commission shall meet for the transaction of business at least once every three months at such places and times as the Chairperson may determine. (3) The Chairperson may at any time call a meeting of the Commission and shall call a special meeting to be held within fourteen days of receipt of a written request addressed to the Chairperson by at least two other Commissioners. (4) If the urgency of any particular matter does not permit the giving of such notice as is required under subsection (3), a special meeting may be called by the Chairperson, upon giving a shorter notice. (5) The Chairperson with two other Commissioners shall constitute a quorum at any meeting of the Commission. (6) There shall preside at any meeting of the Commission(a) (b) the Chairperson; in the absence of the Chairperson, the Vice-Chairperson; or

(c) in the absence of both the Chairperson and the Vice-Chairperson, such other Commissioner as the Commissioners present may elect for the purposes of that meeting. (7) A decision of the Commissioner on any question shall be by a majority of the Commissioners present and voting at the meeting and in

the event of an equality of votes, the person presiding at the meeting shall have a casting vote, in addition to such person's deliberative vote. (8) The Commission may invite any person, whose presence is in its opinion desirable, to attend and to participate in the deliberations of the meeting of the Commission, but such person shall have no vote. (9) The validity of any proceedings, acts or decisions of the Commission shall not be affected by any vacancy in the membership of the Commission or by any defect in the appointment of any Commissioner or by reason that any person not entitled to do so, took part in the proceedings. 12. (1) The Commission may, for the purpose of performing its functions under this Act, establish such committees as it considers necessary and delegate to any of those committees such of its functions as it considers fit. (2) Subject to subsection (1), the Commission may appoint as members of a committee, persons who are, or are not, Commissioners, except that at least one member of a committee shall be a Commissioner. (3) A person serving as a member of a committee shall hold office for such period as the Commission may determine. (4) Subject to any specific or general direction of the Commission, a committee may regulate its own procedure. 13. (1) If any person is present at a meeting of the Commission or any Disclosure of interest committee at which any matter is the subject of consideration, and in which matter that person or that person's spouse is directly or indirectly interested in a private capacity, that person shall as soon as practicable after the commencement of the meeting, declare such interest and shall not, unless the Commission or the committee otherwise directs, take part in any consideration or discussion of, or vote on, any question touching such matter. (2) A disclosure of interest made under subsection (1) shall be recorded in the minutes of the meeting at which it is made.
Committees

(3) Any person who contravenes the provisions of subsection (1) shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable, upon conviction, to a fine not exceeding five thousand penalty units. 14 (1) A person shall not, without the consent in writing given by, or on behalf of, the Commission, publish or disclose to any person otherwise than in the course of such person's duties, the contents of any documents, communication, or information which relates to, and which has come to such person's knowledge in the course of such person's duties under this Act. (2) Any person who contravenes the provisions of subsection (1) shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable, upon conviction, to a fine not exceeding ten thousand penalty units or to imprisonment, for a term not exceeding three years, or to both. (3) If any person having information which to such person's knowledge has been published or disclosed in contravention of subsection (1), unlawfully publishes or communicates any such information to any other person, such person shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable upon conviction, to a fine not exceeding ten thousand penalty units or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three years, or to both. 15. (1) No proceedings, civil, or criminal, shall lie against any Commissioner of the Commission, for anything done in the exercise of such person's functions under this Act. (2) Subject to the provisions of this Act, a Commissioner shall not be called to give evidence before any court or tribunal in respect of anything coming to such person's knowledge in the exercise of such person's functions under this Act. (3) For the avoidance of any doubts, nothing in this section shall protect any Commissioner, for anything done outside the functions of the person's office.
Immunity of Commissioners Prohibition of disclosure of information to unauthorised persons

PART III THE DIRECTORATE OF THE COMMISSION 16. (1) There shall be a Director-General who shall be appointed by the Director-General President subject to ratification by the National Assembly. (2) The Director-General shall be(a) responsible for the management and administration of the Commission; (b) a full-time officer; and

(c) responsible for the implementation of any matters referred to such Director-General by the Commission. (3) The Director-General shall attend meetings of the Commission and may address such meetings, but shall have no vote. (4) A person shall not be qualified to be appointed Director-General unless the person is qualified to be appointed judge of the High Court. (5) The Director-General shall not, while he holds the office of Director-General, discharge the duties of any other office of emolument in the Republic. (6) The Director-General may, subject to any specific or general direction of the Commission, make standing orders providing for(a) the control, direction and administration of the Commission;

(b) the discipline, training, classification and promotion of officers of the Commission; (c) the duties of officers of the Commission; or

(d) such other matters as he may consider necessary or expedient for preventing the abuse of power or neglect of duty by officers or other staff. 17. (1) Subject to subsection (2), a person appointed Director-General shall vacate that office on attaining the age of sixty-five years; Provided that the Commission may permit a person who has attained that age to continue in office for such period as may be necessary to enable him do anything in relation to proceedings that were commenced before he attained that age. (2) A person appointed Director-General may be removed from office for inability to perform the function of his office, whether arising from infirmity of body or mind or from any other cause, or for misbehaviour, and shall not be removed except by or in accordance with a resolution passed by the National Assembly pursuant to subsection (2) calling for an investigation into the question of the removal of the Director-General. (3) If the National Assembly, by resolution supported by the votes of not less than two-thirds of all the members of the National Assembly, resolves that the question of removing the Director-General ought to be investigated, the Speaker of the National Assembly shall send a copy of such resolution to the Chief Justice who shall appoint a tribunal consisting of a chairman and two other persons to inquire into the matter. (4) The Chairperson and one other member of the tribunal shall be persons who hold or have held high judicial office. (5) The tribunal shall inquire into the matter and send a report on the facts of that matter to the President and a copy to the National Assembly. (6) Where a tribunal appointed under subsection (2) advises the President that the Director-General ought to be removed from office for inability as aforesaid or for misbehaviour, the President shall remove the
Tenure of office of Director-General

Director-General from office. (7) If the question of removing the Director-General from office has been referred to a tribunal under subsection (2), the President may suspend him from performing the functions of his office, and any such suspension may at any time be revoked by the President and shall in any case cease to have effect if the tribunal advises the President that the Director-General ought to be removed from office. 18. (1) The Commission may appoint a Deputy Director-General on such terms and conditions as it thinks fit:
Appointment of Deputy Director-General

Provided that no person shall qualify for appointment as a Deputy Director-General unless he is qualified to be appointed a Judge of the High Court. (2) If the office of the Director General is vacant or the Director-General is absent from duty or unable for any other reason to perform the functions of his office, the Deputy Director-General shall, save where the Commission otherwise directs, act as Director-General. (3) If both the Director-General and the Deputy Director-General are absent from duty or unable for any other reason to perform the functions of their office, the Commission shall appoint another person to act as Director-General. 19. (1) The Commission may appoint investigating officers, the Secretary and such other officers of the Commission on such terms and conditions as the Commission may consider necessary to assist the Director-General in the performance of his functions under this Act. (2) The Director-General may, if he is satisfied that it is in the best interest of the Commission, terminate the appointment of any officer of the Commission and shall assign the reasons therefor, subject to any directions by the Commission. (3) The Commission may engage the services of such advisors and experts as it thinks necessary.
Investigating officers, Secretary and other staff of Commission

(4) The Secretary, advisors, experts and other members of staff shall on appointment, take an oath or affirmation as set out in the Second Schedule. 20. (1) For the performance of the Commission's functions under this Act, the Director-General may(a) authorise in writing any officer of the Commission to conduct an inquiry or investigation into alleged or suspected offences under this Act; (b) require any person in charge of any department, office or establishment of the Government, or the head, chairperson, manager or chief executive officer of any public body, to produce or furnish within such time as may be specified by the Director-General, any document or a certified true copy of any document which is in his possession or under his control and which the Director-General considers necessary for the conduct of investigation into alleged or suspected offences under this Act: Provided that the document is not classified or does not fall under the State Security Act. (2) In the performance of his duties under this Act, the Director-General, the Deputy Director-General or an officer, may apply to a judge or a magistrate for a warrant and the judge or the magistrate shall immediately make a decision. (3) A warrant issued under subsection (2) shall confer on the Director-General, the Deputy Director-General or an officer powers of(a) access to all books, records, returns, reports and other documents relating to the work of any Government department, public body or private body; (b) access at any time to the premises of any Government department, public body or private body, or to any vessel, boat, aircraft or other vehicle whatsoever, and may search such premises or such vessel, boat, aircraft, or other vehicle if he has reason to suspect that any
Cap. 111 Powers of Director-General

property corruptly acquired has been placed, deposited or concealed therein. (4) In the exercise of his power to access and search under paragraph (b) of subsection (2), the Director-General, the Deputy Director-General or other officer of the Commission, may use such reasonable force as is necessary and justifiable in the circumstances, and may be accompanied or assisted by such other persons as he considers necessary to assist him to enter into or upon any premises, or upon any vessel, boat, aircraft or other vehicle, as the case may be. (5) Any person who accompanies or assists the Director-General, the Deputy Director-General or other officer of the Commission to enter into or upon any premises, or upon any vessel, boat, aircraft or other vehicle, as the case may be, shall, during the period of such accompaniment or assistance, enjoy the same immunity as is conferred under section twenty-six upon the Director-General, the Deputy Director-General or other officer of the Commission.
Special powers of 21. (1) The Director-General or any officer of the Commission shall investigation after obtaining a court order have powers to investigate any bank account, share account, purchase account, expense account or any other account, or any safe deposit box in any bank.

(2) An order made under section (1) shall be sufficient for the disclosure or production by any person of all or any information, accounts, documents or articles as may be required by the officer of the Commission so authorised. 22. (1) The Director-General, the Deputy Director-General or any officer of the Commission authorised in that behalf by the Director-General may arrest a person without warrant if he reasonably suspects that such person has committed or is about to commit an offence under this Act. (2) Where a person has been arrested without warrant under subsection (1) such person may, at any time before appearing, in court, while he is in custody be admitted to bail upon providing surety or sureties sufficient in the opinion of the Director-General, Deputy Director-General or an officer authorised in that behalf by the
Powers of Commission's officers to arrest

Director-General to secure his appearance before court or such person may be released upon his own recognisance on such conditions as the officer thinks fit. (3) A bail bond issued under this section shall be dealt with in accordance with the provisions of the Criminal Procedure Code. 23. The Director-General may issue to an officer of the Commission an identity card which shall be prima facie evidence of the officer's appointment as such.
Cap. 88

Identity card

24. (1) The Director-General may, by written notice to a person who is Restriction on disposal of the subject of an investigation in respect of an offence alleged or property, etc. suspected to have been committed under this Act, or against whom a prosecution for such offence has been instituted, direct that such person shall not dispose of or otherwise deal with any property specified in such notice without the consent of the Director-General. (2) A notice issued under subsection (1) may be served by delivering it personally to the person to whom it is addressed or may, where the Director-General is satisfied that such person cannot be found, or is not in the Republic, be served on or brought to the knowledge of, such person in such other manner as the Director-General may direct. (3) A notice issued under subsection (1) shall have effect from the time of service and shall continue in force for a period of twelve months or until cancelled by the Director-General, whichever is earlier. (4) Any person who, having been served with, or having knowledge of a notice issued under subsection (1), disposes of or otherwise deals with any property specified in the notice other than in accordance with the consent of the Director-General shall be guilty of an offence, and liable, upon conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding ten years or to a fine not exceeding ten thousand penalty units or to both. (5) Any person aggrieved by a directive contained in a notice issued under subsection (1) may, at any time, apply to the High Court for an order to reverse or vary such directive.

(6) An application under subsection (5) shall give to the Director-General such notice of the day appointed for the hearing of the application as a Judge of the High Court may order. (7) On the hearing of an application under subsection (5), the High Court may(a) confirm the directive;

(b) reverse the directive and consent to the disposal of or other dealing with any property specified in the notice, subject to such terms and conditions as it thinks fit; or (c) vary the directive as it thinks fit.
Prohibition of disclosure or publication of information to unauthorised persons by staff

25. Section fourteen shall apply with necessary modifications to the staff of the Commission.

26. Section fifteen shall apply with necessary modifications to the Director-General, Deputy Director-General and other staff of the Commission.

Immunity of Director-General, Deputy Director-General and other staff

27.

Any person who-

Obstructing officers of Commission and false reports to Commission

(a) gives or causes to be made false testimony or a false report in any material particular to any matter under investigation; (b) makes or causes to be made to the Commission a false report of the Commission of any offence under this Act; (c) misleads the Director-General, the Deputy Director-General or

other officers of the Commission by giving any false information, statement or accusation; (d) insults, interrupts, assaults or otherwise obstructs, resists, hinders or delays the Director-General, any Commissioner or any member of staff in the performance of such person's functions under this Act or in effecting entry into any premises, boat, aircraft or vehicle; or (e) disobeys any order made under this Act;

shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable, upon conviction, to a fine not exceeding ten thousand penalty units, or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding ten years or to both. 28. Any person who pretends thatImpersonation and procurement of Commission's officer

(a) he is an officer of the Commission or has any of the powers of such officer under this Act, or under any authorisation or warrant issued under this Act; or (b) he is able to procure an officer of the Commission to do or refrain from doing anything in connection with the duties of such officer; shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable, upon conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding seven years, or to a fine not exceeding seven thousand penalty units or to both.

PART IV OFFENCES, PENALTIES GRATIFICATION AND RECOVERY OF

29. (1) Any public officer who, by himself, or by or in conjunction with Corrupt practices by or with public any other person, corruptly solicits, accepts or obtains, or agrees to officers accept or attempts to receive or obtain, from any person for himself or for any other person, any gratification as an inducement or reward for

doing or forbearing to do, or for having done or forborne to do, anything in relation to any matter or transaction, actual or proposed, with which any public body is or may be concerned, shall be guilty of an offence. (2) Any person who by himself, or by or in conjunction with any other person, corruptly gives, promises or offers any gratification to any public officer, whether for the benefit of that public officer or of any other public officer, as an inducement or reward for doing or forbearing to do, anything in relation to any matter or transaction, actual or proposed, with which any public body is or may be concerned, shall be guilty of an offence. 30. (1) Any public officer who, being concerned with any matter or transaction falling within, or connected with, his jurisdiction, powers, duties or functions, corruptly solicits, accepts or obtains, or agrees to accept or attempts to receive or obtain for himself or for any other person any gratification in relation to such matter or transaction, shall be guilty of an offence. (2) Any person who, being concerned with any matter or transaction falling within the scope of authority, or connected with the jurisdiction, powers, duties or functions of any public officer, by himself, or by or in conjunction with any other person, corruptly gives, promises or offers any gratification, whether directly or indirectly, to such public officer either for himself or for any other person, shall be guilty of an offence. 31. (1) Any person who, by himself, or by or in conjunction with any Corrupt other person, corruptly solicits, accepts or obtains, or agrees to accept or transactions by or with private bodies attempts to receive or obtain, from any person for himself or for any other person, any gratification as an inducement or reward for doing or forbearing to do, or for and having done or forborne to do, any thing in relation to any matter or transaction actual or proposed, with which any private body is or may be concerned, shall be guilty of an offence. (2) Any person who, by himself, or by or in conjunction with any other person, corruptly gives, promises or offers any gratification to any person, whether for the benefit of that person or of any other person, as an inducement or reward for doing or forbearing to do, or for having done or forborne to do, anything in relation to any matter or transaction, actual or proposed, with which any private body is or may be concerned. shall be guilty of an offence.
Corrupt use of official powers and procuring corrupt use of official powers

32. (1) Any agent who corruptly solicits, accepts or obtains, or agrees Corrupt to accept or attempts to receive or obtain, from any person for himself or transactions by or with agents for any other person, any gratification as an inducement or reward for doing or forbearing to do, or for having done or forborne to do, anything in relation to his principal's affairs or business, or for showing or having shown favour or disfavour to any person in relation to his principal's affairs or business, shall be guilty of an offence. (2) Any person who corruptly gives, promises or offers any gratification to any agent as an inducement or reward for doing or forbearing to do, or for having done or forborne to do, anything in relation to his principal's affairs or business, or for showing or having shown favour or disfavour to any person in relation to his principal's affairs or business, shall be guilty of an offence. (3) Any person who gives to an agent, or any agent who, with intent to deceive his principal, uses any receipt, account or other document in respect of which the principal is interested or which relates to his principal's affairs or business and which contains any statement which is false or erroneous or defective in any material particular, and which to his knowledge or belief is intended to mislead the principal, shall be guilty of an offence. (4) For the purposes of subsections (1) and (2), the permission of a principal to the soliciting, accepting or obtaining of any gratification by his agent shall constitute a valid defence. 33. (1) Any person who being a member of any public body by himself, or by or in conjunction with any other person, corruptly solicits, accepts or obtains, or agrees to accept or attempts to receive or obtain, from any person for himself or for any other person, any gratification as an inducement or reward for(a) his voting or abstaining from voting at any meeting of such public body in favour of or against any measure, matter, resolution or question submitted to such public body; or (b) his performing or abstaining from performing, or for his aid in procuring, expediting, delaying, hindering or preventing the
Corruption of members of public bodies in regard to meetings, etc.

performance of, any official act by such public body; or (c) his aid in procuring or preventing the passing of any vote or the granting of any contract or advantage in favour of any person; shall be guilty of an offence. (2) Any person who, by himself or by or in conjunction with any other person, corruptly gives, promises or offers any gratification to a member of any public body in any such circumstances as are referred to in subsection (1), shall be guilty of an offence. 34. (1) Any public officer who directly or indirectly by himself, or by or in conjunction with any other person, corruptly solicits, accepts or obtains, or agrees to accept or attempts to receive or obtain, from any person for himself or for any other person, any gratification as an inducement or reward for or otherwise on account of his giving assistance or using influence in, or having given assistance or used influence in(a) the promotion, execution or procurement ofGratification for giving assistance, etc., in regard to contracts

(i) any contract with a public body or private body for the performance of any work, the provisions of any service, the doing of anything or the supplying of any article, material or substance; or (ii) any sub-contract to perform any work, provide any service, do anything or supply any article, material or substance required to be performed, provided, done or supplied under any contract with a public body or private body; or (b) the payment of the price, consideration or other moneys stipulated or otherwise provided for in any such contract or sub-contract as aforesaid; shall be guilty of an offence. (2) Any person who corruptly gives, promises or offers any gratification to any public officer as an inducement or reward for or otherwise on account of such public officer giving assistance or using influence in, or

having given assistance or used influence in(i) the promotion, execution or procurement of; or

(ii) the payment of the price, consideration or other moneys stipulated or otherwise provided for in; any such contract or sub-contract as is referred to in subsection (1), shall be guilty of an offence. 35. (1) Any person who directly or indirectly by himself, or by or in conjunction with any other person, corruptly solicits, accepts or obtains, or agrees to accept or attempts to receive or obtain from any person for himself or for any other person, any gratification as an inducement or reward for or otherwise on account of the withdrawal of a tender, or the refraining from the making of a tender, for any contract with a public body or private body for the performance of any work, the provision of any service, the doing of anything or the supplying of any article, material or substance, shall be guilty of an offence. (2) Any person who corruptly gives, promises or offers any gratification to any other person as an inducement or reward for or otherwise on account of the withdrawal of a tender, or the refraining from making of a tender, for such a contract as is referred to in subsection (1), shall be guilty of an offence.
Gratification in 36. (1) Any person who directly or indirectly by himself, or by or in conjunction with any other person, corruptly solicits, accepts or obtains, regard to bidding at auction sales or agrees to accept or attempts to receive or obtain, from any person for himself or for any other person, any gratification as an inducement or reward for or otherwise on account of his refraining or having refrained from bidding at any sale by auction conducted by or on behalf of any public body or private body, shall be guilty of an offence. Gratification for procuring withdrawal of tenders

(2) Any person who corruptly gives, promises or offers any gratification to any other person as an inducement or reward for or otherwise on account of that other person's refraining or having refrained from bidding at any auction as is referred to in subsection (1), shall be guilty of an offence.

Possession of 37. (1) The Director-General, the Deputy Director-General or any officer of the Commission authorised in writing by the Director-General unexplained property may investigate any public officer where there are reasonable grounds to believe that such public officer-

(a) has abused or misused his office position or authority to obtain property, wealth, advantage or profit directly or indirectly for himself or any other person; (b) maintains a standard of living above that which is commensurate with his present or past official emoluments; (c) is in control or possession of pecuniary resources or property disproportionate to his present or past official emoluments; or (d) is in receipt of the benefit of any services which he may reasonably be suspected of having received corruptly or in circumstances which amount to an offence under this Act. (2) Any public officer who, after due investigation carried out under subsection (1), is found to(a) have misused or abused his office, position, or authority to obtain advantage, wealth, property or profit directly or indirectly; (b) maintain a standard of living above which is commensurate with his present or past official emoluments; (c) be in control or possession of pecuniary resources or property disproportionate to his present or past official emoluments; or (d) be in receipt of the benefit of any services which he may reasonably be suspected of having received corruptly or in circumstances which amount to an offence under this Act; shall, unless he gives a reasonable explanation, be charged with having, or having had under his control or in his possession of pecuniary resources or property reasonably suspected of having been corruptly acquired, or having misused or abused his office, as the case may be, and shall, unless he gives a satisfactory explanation to the court as to

how he was able to maintain such a standard of living or how such pecuniary resources or property came under his control or into his possession or, as the case may be, how he came to enjoy the benefit of such services, be guilty of an offence. (3) Where a court is satisfied in proceedings for an offence under subsection (2) that, having regard to the closeness of his relationship to the accused and to other relevant circumstances, there is reason to believe that any person was holding pecuniary resources or property in trust for or otherwise on behalf of the accused, or acquired such pecuniary resources or property as a gift, or loan without adequate consideration, from the accused, such pecuniary resources or property shall, in the absence of a satisfactory explanation by or on behalf of the accused be deemed to have been under the control or in the possession of the accused. (4) In this section, "official emoluments" include a pension, gratuity or other terminal benefits. 38. (1) If, in any proceedings for an offence under any section of this Certain matters not Part, it is proved that the accused accepted any gratification believing or to constitute defence suspecting or having reasonable grounds to believe or suspect that the gratification was given as an inducement or reward for or otherwise on account of his doing or forbearing to do, or having done or forborne to do, any act referred to in that section, it shall be no defence that(a) he did not actually have the power, right or opportunity so to do or forbear; (b) he accepted the gratification without intending so to do or forbear; or (c) he did not in fact so do or forbear.

(2) If, in any proceedings for an offence under any section of this Part it is proved that the accused offered any gratification to any other person as an inducement or reward for or otherwise on account of that other person's doing or forbearing to do, or having done or forborne to do, any act referred to in that section, believing or suspecting or having reasonable grounds to believe or suspect that such other person had the power, right or opportunity so to do or forbear, it shall be no defence that

such other person had no such power, right or opportunity.


Attempts, 39. Any person who attempts to commit, or who aids, abets or counsels, or conspires with, any person to commit an offence under this conspiracies, etc., Part, shall be guilty of committing that offence and shall be punished accordingly.

Public officer's 40. (1) A public officer to whom any gratification is corruptly given, promised or offered shall make a full report of the circumstances of the powers of report, etc. case to a police officer or an officer of the Commission within twenty-four hours of the occurrence of the event, and if he fails to do so without reasonable cause, he shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable, upon conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year or to a fine not exceeding one thousand penalty units or to both.

(2) Any police officer or officer of the Commission may arrest without warrant any person in respect of whom a report is made under subsection (1). (3) Any police officer or officer of the Commission may search any person arrested for an offence under this Part and take possession of all articles found upon him which the police officer or officer of the Commission believes upon reasonable grounds to constitute evidence of the commission of an offence by him under this Part: Provided that a female person shall not be searched except by a female police officer, or female officer of the Commission, or by any female authorised in that behalf by a police officer or officer of the Commission. 41. Any person who is guilty of an offence under this Part shall be liable(a) upon conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding twelve years; (b) upon a second or subsequent conviction, to imprisonment for a term of not less than five years but not exceeding twelve years; and
General penalty

(c) in addition to any other penalty imposed under this Act, to forfeit to the State of any pecuniary resource, property, advantage, profit or gratification received in the commission of an offence under this Act. 42. Where any person is convicted of any offence under this Part, the Penalty additional court shall, in addition to the sentence that it may impose under section to other punishment forty-one, order the convicted person to pay to the rightful owner the amount or value, as determined by the court, of any gratification actually received by him, and such order shall be deemed to form part of the sentence: Provided that where, after reasonable inquiry, the rightful owner cannot be ascertained or traced, or where the rightful owner is himself implicated in the giving of the gratification, the court shall order that the amount or value thereof shall be paid into the general revenues of the Republic. 43. Any fine imposed under the provisions or this Part and the amount or value of any gratification ordered to be paid under section forty-two may be recovered in accordance with the provisions of sections three hundred and eight and three hundred and nine of the Criminal Procedure Code by distress and sale of the movable and immovable property of the person sentenced. 44. (1) Where any gratification has been given by any person to or for or on account of an agent in contravention of any provision of this Act, the principal may recover, as a civil debt, the amount or value of such gratification from the agent, and the acquittal of the agent or such person in respect of an offence under this Part shall not operate as a bar to any proceedings for such recovery. (2) Nothing in subsection (1) shall be deemed to prejudice or affect any right which any principal may have under any written law or rule to recover from his agent any money or property. 45. In any proceedings under this Act, a certificate by a Government Valuation Officer or other specialist valuer with respect to the value of any gratification or of any movable or immovable property shall be sufficient proof of such value, unless the contrary is proved.
Certificate of Government Valuation Officer or other specialist valuer Recovery of gratification by distress, etc. Cap. 88

Principal may recover gratification corruptly received by agent

PART V POWERS OF THE PROSECUTIONS DIRECTOR OF PUBLIC

46. (1) No prosecution for an offence under Part IV shall be instituted except by or with the written consent of the Director of Public Prosecutions. (2) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (1), a person may be charged with an offence under Part IV and may be arrested therefor or a warrant for his arrest may be issued and executed, and any such person may be remanded by the Court in custody or on bail notwithstanding that the written consent of the Director of Public Prosecutions to the institution of a prosecution for the offence with which he is charged has not been obtained, but no such person shall be remanded in custody or on bail for a period longer than fourteen days on such charge unless in the meantime the written consent of the Director of Public Prosecutions aforesaid has been obtained. (3) When a person is brought before a court before the written consent of the Director of Public Prosecutions to the institution of a prosecution against him is obtained, the charge shall be explained to the person accused but he shall not be called upon to plead. 47. If, in the course of any investigation into or proceeding relating to any offence under Part IV, the Director of Public Prosecutions has reasonable grounds to believe that it would assist or expedite such investigation or proceeding, he may, by notice require the Commissioner of Taxes to furnish all information in his possession relating to the affairs of any suspected person and to produce or furnish any document or a certified true copy of any document relating to such suspected person which is in the possession or under the control of the Commissioner of Taxes. 48. (1) If any person, against whom investigations or proceedings for an offence under Part IV are pending, is preparing or about to leave Zambia, whether temporarily or permanently, the Director of Public Prosecutions or any officer authorised by him in that behalf, may apply

Consent of Director of Public Prosecutions

Power of Director of Public Prosecutions to obtain information

Bail where suspect or accused person about to leave Zambia

to any court for an order requiring such person to furnish bail in any sum, or, if he has already been admitted to bail, in such greater sum and on such additional conditions, as the case may be, with or without sureties, and in any such application the court may make such order as it deems fit. (2) Every order made under this section whether originally or on review shall be reviewed within thirty days by the court which made the order. (3) A right of appeal against an order made under this section shall lie to a higher court.

PART VI EVIDENCE, PRESUMPTIONS AND OTHER MATTERS 49. (1) Where, in any proceeding under this Act, it is proved that any Presumptions of corrupt intention gratification has been received by any person with the knowledge and acquiescence or consent of the accused person, and the court is satisfied, having regard to his relationship to the accused person or to any other circumstances that such person has received the gratification for or on behalf of the accused person, or otherwise on account of or in connection with the office or duties of the accused person, the gratification in the absence of a satisfactory explanation, shall be presumed to have been received by the accused person. (2) Where, in any proceedings for an offence under Part IV, it is proved that any person solicited, accepted or obtained or agreed to accept or attempted to receive or obtain any payment in any of the circumstances set out in the relevant section under which he is charged, then such payment shall in the absence of a satisfactory explanation be presumed to have been solicited, accepted or obtained or agreed to be accepted, received or obtained corruptly. (3) For the purposes of subsection (2) "payment" means any corrupt payment, whether in cash or in kind. 50. (1) In any proceedings in respect of an offence under Part IV, the
Corroborative evidence of

pecuniary fact that an accused person is in possession, for which he cannot resources or satisfactorily account of pecuniary resources or property property disproportionate to his known sources of income or that he had at or about the time of the alleged offence, obtained an accretion to his pecuniary resources or property for which he cannot satisfactorily account, may be proved and may be taken into consideration by the court as corroborating the testimony of any witness in such proceedings that the accused person accepted or obtained or agreed to accept or attempted to obtain the gratification and as showing that such gratification was accepted or obtained or agreed to be accepted or attempted to be obtained corruptly as an inducement or reward.

(2) For the purposes of subsection (1), an accused person shall be deemed to be in possession of pecuniary resources or property, or to have obtained an accretion thereto, notwithstanding that such pecuniary resources or property is held, or such accretion thereto is obtained, by any other person as to whom there is reason to believe, having regard to his relationship to the accused person or to any other circumstances, that he is holding such pecuniary resources or property or has obtained such accretion thereto in trust for, or for or on behalf of, the accused person, or as a gift from him unless the contrary is proved. 51. For the purpose of any proceedings in respect of an offence under Affidavit evidence Part IV, the court may at any stage of the proceedings direct that any specified fact may be proved at the trial by affidavit with or without the attendance of the deponent for cross examination. 52. (1) In any proceedings for an offence under Part IV, it shall be no defence that any gratification solicited, accepted or obtained or agreed to be accepted, given, offered or promised, is customary in any profession, business, trade, vocation or calling. (2) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (1), no entertainment or casual gift offered or accepted under such conditions as may be prescribed in regulations made under this Act shall constitute an offence under Part IV. 53. Where any public officer has corruptly solicited, accepted, obtained, or agreed to accept or attempted to receive or obtain any gratification, it shall not be a defence in any trial in respect of an offence under Part IV thatAbsence of power, authority or opportunity, no defence Evidence of custom inadmissible

(a) the appointment, nomination or election of such person or any other person as a public officer was invalid or void; or (b) such public officer or any other public servant did not have the power, authority or opportunity of doing or of forbearing from doing the act, favour or disfavour to which the gratification related; or (c) he did not actually do any act, favour or disfavour to induce the gratification, or never had the intention of doing so.
Tender of pardon 54. (1) The Director of Public Prosecutions may, at any time, with a view to obtaining at a trial the evidence of any person directly or indirectly concerned with or privy to an offence under Part IV, tender, or by writing under his hand, authorise any court named by him to tender, a pardon to such person on condition that he makes a full and true disclosure of all facts or circumstances within his knowledge relating to the offence and to every other person involved in the commission thereof, whether as principal or in any other capacity, together with the delivery up of any document or thing constituting evidence or corroboration of the Commission of the offence by the person to be charged or the accused person, as the case may be.

(2) The court shall record in the manner prescribed by the Criminal Procedure Code the evidence on oath of every person accepting a pardon under subsection (1) and shall transmit the record of such evidence to the Attorney-General. (3) Every person accepting a tender of pardon under this section shall be examined as a witness at the trial. (4) Where a person who has accepted a tender of pardon under this section has, either by wilfully concealing anything material to the case, or by giving false evidence, not complied with the condition on which the tender of pardon was made, he may be prosecuted for the offence in respect of which the pardon was tendered or for any other offence of which he appears to have been guilty in connection with the same matter. (5) A person to whom a tender of pardon has been made under

Cap. 88

subsection (1), who in the opinion of the court, has made a true and full disclosure of all things as to which he is lawfully examined, shall be entitled to receive a certificate of indemnity under the hand of the Director of Public Prosecutions stating that he has made a true and full disclosure of all things as to which he was examined, and such certificate shall be a bar to all legal proceedings against him in respect of all such things as aforesaid. 55. Where any commission established by or under the Constitution, or appointed under the Inquiries Act, in the course, or upon conclusion, of any proceedings before it, is of the opinion that the conduct of any person appears to constitute an offence under this Act and ought to be inquired into for the purposes of this Act, the commission concerned shall, subject to any prohibition, restriction or restraint imposed upon it by or under the Constitution or any other written law, communicate its opinion to the Director of Public Prosecutions, together with the particulars of the person concerned and such other facts of the case as the Commission may deem necessary. 56. (1) Where, at the conclusion of the trial of a person charged with an offence under Part IV, the court is of the opinion that any person has wilfully, and with intent to harm or injure the accused person in any manner made a false, frivolous or groundless complaint or allegation against him, the court shall certify that opinion in writing and shall transmit it together with a certified copy of the record of the proceedings to the Director of Public Prosecutions. (2) Any person who, in the opinion of the court certified under subsection (1) has made a false, frivolous or groundless complaint or allegation to the effect that any person has committed or attempted to commit, or aided, abetted or counselled the commission of, or conspired with any other person to commit, any offence under Part IV, shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable, upon conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding ten years or to a fine not exceeding ten thousand penalty units, or to both. 57. (1) If, on the trial of any offence under Part IV, it is not proved that the accused is guilty of the offence charged but it is proved that the accused is guilty of some other offence under Part IV, the accused may, notwithstanding the absence of the written consent of the Director of Public Prosecutions in respect of such other offence, be convicted of such other offence, and be liable to be dealt with accordingly.
Alternative conviction and amending particulars Corrupt practice coming to notice of Commission Cap. 1 Cap. 41

False, frivolous or groundless complaints or allegations

(2) If, on the trial of any person for any offence under Part IV, there is any material variance between the particulars of the offence charged and the evidence adduced in support thereof, such variance shall