Name of drill, purpose of drill (what should we be able to see on film as a result of this drill or what specific technique

does this drill emphasize, etc.), type of drill (individual time, or group drill). Zig-Zag drill Purpose • • To develop ability to read and react to QB's shoulders. To develop ability to rotate hips and change direction quickly.

Description Four defenders will align 5 yards from the coach and side by side 5 yards apart. On command backs will back pedal and drive off at 45° angle concentrating on QB's shoulders and changing directions, push off opposite foot and elongate stride in changing directions. Coaching Points Defenders will react to coaches' shoulders and eyes. Ball may be thrown to a particular back. Backpedal Purpose To develop proper back pedal technique, (feet, hips, shoulders and head) Description On Signal DB will back pedal on a yard line across the field concentrating on the total body position. Coaching Points • • • • • Narrow base Feet close to turf Hips should be cocked in slightly Shoulders low Head up

Backpedal and weave Purpose To develop the ability to keep lateral position on receiver Description On signal DB will backpedal then push off opposite foot from the desired direction, turning hips toward desired direction. Coaching Points Do not cross feet or turn shoulders as you weave 5 yard backpedal drill Purpose To develop good body positioning during the backpedal and improve reaction time. Description This drill is a full speed backward drill in a 5 yard area. Defenders will place toes on the line in a good stance and body position (chin over toes). On command »GO« , defenders will backpedal 5 yards, plant foot and sprint forward to the line, then backpedal and plant foot again and sprint past the line. Coaching Points Stress chin over the toes, vigorous arm movement, leverage foot and head up as they sprint forward. Cone drill Purpose To develop body position during backpedal and proper drive technique to a receiver Description

Defender will backpedal, plant at 1st cone and drive laterally at a 45° angle forward to the next cone and backpedal to cone and drive laterally 45° angle forward to cone and backpedal to last cone. Coaching Points Stress driving laterally (to receiver), before looking at QB and center of mass forward. Backpedal, Break at 90 Drill Purpose Defensive Back Drill to improve the technique of breaking out of backpedaling into a 90 degree forward sprint. Description 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Defensive Backs line up in one line at the sideline (outside the field) at any given yardline. The coach stands with the defensive backs off the field. The first Defensive Back lines up on the sideline facing off the field Upon command he starts backpedaling along the yardline After about 12 yards the coach gives a command (audible or visual) and the Defensive Back plants his foot on the next step and sprints forward in a 90 degree angle for a few steps. 6. While the previous Defensive Back is still backpedaling the next Defensive Back lines up already in his stance ready to start backpedaling. Repeat according to practice plan - alternate side to sprint to. See that all Defensive Backs get as many repetitions as possible. Coaching Points 1. See Coaching points of the backpedal drill 2. Turn plant foot 45 degrees 3. Throw shoulder Backpedal, Break at 45 Drill Purpose Defensive Back Drill to improve the technique of breaking out of backpedaling into a 45 degree forward sprint. Description 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Defensive Backs line up in one line at the sideline (outside the field) at any given yardline. The coach stands with the defensive backs off the field. The first Defensive Back lines up on the sideline facing off the field Upon command he starts backpedaling along the yardline After about 12 yards the coach gives a command (audible or visual) and the Defensive Back plants his foot on the next step and sprints forward in a 45 degree angle for a few steps. 6. While the previous Defensive Back is still backpedaling the next Defensive Back lines up already in his stance ready to start backpedaling. Repeat according to practice plan - alternate side to sprint to. See that all Defensive Backs get as many repetitions as possible. Coaching Points

1. See Coaching points of the backpedal drill
2. Turn plant foot 45 degrees 3. Throw shoulder Backpedal, Man turn to Corner Drill Purpose Defensive Backs Drill to teach and work on the techniques of turning out of backpedaling into running forward and changing direction correctly when man covering a receiver who is going downfield (i.e. running a corner route). Description

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Defensive Backs line up in one line at the sideline (outside the field) at any given yardline. The coach stands with the defensive backs off the field (about 5 yards off the sideline. The first Defensive Back lines up on the sideline facing off the field (the remaining backs stay behind the Coach). Upon command he starts backpedaling along the yardline After about 4 yards the coach gives a command (audible or visual) and the Defensive Back turns as if the receiver was breaking to a post route. 6. After 6 more yards the Defensive Back turns again to stay with the receiver who is now breaking to a corner route. Coaching Points

1. See Coaching points of the backpedal drill
2. Open to post, man turn to corner 3. Snap your eyes around 4. You must commit your hips

Backpedal, Zone turn to Corner Drill Purpose Defensive Backs Drill to teach and work on the techniques of turning out of backpedaling into running forward and changing direction correctly when zone covering a receiver who is going downfield (i.e. running a corner route). Description 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Defensive Backs line up in one line at the sideline (outside the field) at any given yardline. The coach stands with the defensive backs off the field (about 5 yards off the sideline. The first Defensive Back lines up on the sideline facing off the field (the remaining backs stay behind the Coach). Upon command he starts backpedaling along the yardline After about 4 yards the coach gives a command (audible or visual) and the Defensive Back turns as if the receiver was breaking to a post route. 6. After 6 more yards the Defensive Back turns again to stay with the receiver who is now breaking to a corner route. Coaching Points

1. See Coaching points of the backpedal drill
2. Open to post, man turn to corner 3. Snap your eyes around 4. You must commit your hips

Perfect Break Drill Purpose Defensive Backs Drill to teach and work on the perfect break and perfect interception angle when covering a wide receiver running an out route. Description

1. 2. 3. 4.

Defensive Backs line up in one line at the sideline (outside the field) at any given yardline. The coach stands with the defensive backs off the field. The first Defensive Back lines up about 4 yards into the field facing off the field One Defensive Back playing the Wide Receiver lines up at the sideline, about 1 yard off the yardline opposite to the coach. 5. Upon command the "receiver" runs his route (a 8-12 yard out) 6. On the cut of the receiver, the coach throws the ball to him, and the Defensive Back breaks and takes the perfect interception angle to intercept the pass. Coaching Points 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. On receiver cut, shorten stride Quicken feet Maintain inside leverage Plant opposite foot of receiver cut Drive step quickly (short step) Turn "plant" foot 45 degrees Don't round off your break Plant step shorter or same as back pedal Accelerate to the ball To change direction, throw your elbow, shoulder and hips in the desired direction In changing direction, "rollover" the leg nearest to direction you want to go Keep shoulder level the same or lower through out break

Backpedal Turn and Go Drill Purpose Defensive Backs Drill to teach and improve the footwork when turning out of backpedaling. Description and Coaching Points

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Back pedal Turn in direction coach gives Keep shoulders over knees Don't "open" up Exaggerate forward lean Run in a straight line Cross over with far leg Stay off your heels Break on ball, intercept

"W" Drill Purpose Defensive Backs Drill to work on breaking out of backpedaling into forward sprint and back while keeping eyes focused on the ball. Also an Interception and Fumble Drill. Description and Coaching Points 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Backpedal to first cone Plant, break to second cone Settle, backpedal to third cone Plant, break to forth cone Run through 4th cone Look for fumble Coach will throw or roll ball

Buddy Break Drill Purpose Defensive Backs Drill to work on backpedal footwork and turning to run with receiver while always focusing on the quarterback. And work on interception and pass-break-up technique. Description and Coaching Points 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Tandem DBs begin backpedal Move on coach's direction Don't use hands on buddy Break on ball Intercept at highest point "Strip" if you can't intercept

Come to Balance Pre - Tackling Drills Purpose Teach and improve feet work, body positioning and weight distribution before executing a full tackle.. Terminology: Come to Balance - is referred to as the position in which the knees are slightly bent, feet shoulder width apart and body weight equally distributed in which a player can move in any direction in the shortest amount of time. Shimmy - is referred to as the forward short choppy steps that a player takes after he has come to balance. Description Drill # 1: Come to Balance This drill is executed by having three defenders 5 yards apart facing the direction of the coach who is 15 yards from the defenders. On the coach’s command the defenders will sprint for 5 yards and come to balance while chopping their feet in place. On the coach’s next command the defenders will sprint past the coach. Drill # 2: Come to Balance with Shimmy Steps This drill is executed by having three defenders 5 yards apart facing the direction of the coach who is 15 yards from the defenders. On the coach’s command the defenders will sprint for 5 yards and come to balance. Once the players have come to balance they will start shimmying their feet closing the distance between them and the coach. On the coach’s next command the defenders will sprint past the coach (players should maintain a good tackling position while shimmying). Drill #3: Come Balance, Shimmy Steps with 45/90 degree breaks This drill is executed by having three defenders 5 yards apart facing the direction of the coach who is 15 yards from the defenders. On the coach’s command the defenders will sprint for 5 yards and come to balance. Once the players have come to balance they will start shimmying their feet closing the distance between them and the coach. On the coach’s next command the defenders will sprint at either a 45 or 90 degree angle for 5 yards. This drill will end with players coming to balance once more. (this drill simulates a change of direction by the ball carrier. It is essential that the defender takes good directional steps in order to stay on the proper pursuit path). Drill #4: Putting it all together This drill is executed in the same manner as Drill #3 with the exception of having the defensive backs backpedal for 4 - 5 yards before executing the remainder of steps in Drill #3. Coaching Points • • • • • • Stay on the exact path (no drifting). Head up and eyes on the numbers Back always at a 45 degree angle Feet shoulder width apart Keep feet moving at all times Take good directional steps

Tackling progression drill Purpose

To teach proper tackling technique. Description 1. Fit On command the designated defenders walk up to their partner and into a fit position. They should stay in that position until the coach checked and possibly corrected the position. 2. Fit and lift On command the designated defenders walk up to their partner and into a good fit position. On the next command they follow through, rolling their hips and lifting their partner and taking him back a few steps. 3. Form tackle Partners should be about 5 yards apart. On command the designated offender jogs toward the defender. The defender meets him in proper tackling position and performs a form tackle. Have offenders jog in a 45° angle also. For each progression step: start off one after the other, and as the players get better, let them execute simultaneously. Do right and left shoulder. Coaching Points 1. Fit Feet shoulder width apart, knees bent, back straight, head up, arms around butt, shoulder at belt-buckle. 2. Fit and lift Additional: hips should roll, the lift should be caused by the rolling hips and the extension of the legs. The offenders should assist the lift by hopping up on the second command. Stress the importance of leverage. 3. Form tackle Same as above, make sure the form tackle will be done in one fluid motion. Offenders should not change direction or speed, nor fight the tackle. Increase speed as players get better but not intensity of contact. Open field tackling drill Purpose Improve the chances of defenders to make a tackle in the open field. Description Step #1 Have two DB's stand 2-3 yards away from and facing each other. One of them is the ball carrier and the other one is the defender. Have the ball carrier try to juke the defender. Constantly stress to the defender to move with him and stay broken down (knees bent and ready for him to try to run him over). Step #2 Next blow the whistle and have the ball carrier and run at the defender full speed or walk to him half speed. Then have the defender react to what ever the ball carrier does like if he goes full speed lay a lick on him or if he goes half speed go half speed and thud him or hit lightly. Step #3 Next have them switch such as ball carrier is now the defender and the defender is now the ball carrier. Go through this with all of your DB's and if you have an odd number of them have one who has already been pose as the ball carrier since this is a defensive position. Coaching Points

Defender must always keep his balance and his hips square. Man Maker Drill Purpose Defensive Backs Drill to work on fighting off / avoiding low and high blocks and making an open field tackle (inside out). Description and Coaching Points 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 1st blocker scramble blocks Defensive Back 2nd blocker arc and "cut" Defensive Back Ball carriers try to get outside or turn up Defensive Backs stay in good hit position Use hands, shed scramble block Scramble block is full speed Defensive Backs keep outside arm and leg free Defensive Backs shed cut block of #2 blocker Defensive Backs keep your eyes on blockers Make inside out tackle on ball carrier

Strip Drill and Fumble Recovery Purpose The purpose of this Defensive Back Drill is to emphasize the turnover and properly recover the fumble or pick it up and run. Description 1. Line up a ball carrier holding the football in his outside arm, the Defensive Back (Safety or Cornerback) line up about 3-4 yards behind the ball carrier. 2. Upon command the ball carrier starts running about 80% speed. 3. The Defensive Back also starts but with 100% speed closing in on the ball carrier. 4. When the tackler get close enough he strips the football from the ball carrier using either the tomahawk chop coming over the top or punching the ball out from below. 5. When the ball is out the Defensive Back charges to recover the ball or pick it up and run it back. Variations/Progression steps: • • Ball carrier runs faster As soon as the ball is out it's fair game, so the ball carrier also tries to recover the football

Coaching Points Emphasize that making the tackle still has first priority, so if the ball doesn't come out, the tackle still has to be made Recovering the fumble (securing it on the ground) should be practiced first before working on picking up the football and run. The drill is over when either the player controlling the ball is down, or the ball is returned to the starting point (or the ball carrier scores - bad! real bad!) Down Hill Drill Purpose

Defensive Backs Drill to work on catching the football while running full speed forward towards the ball. Description 1. Defensive Backs line up in one line at the sideline 2. On command, the first Defensive Back runs full speed forward towards the coach, who is standing at the hash mark at the same yardline 3. After a few steps of the Defensive Back, the coach throws the ball directly at the Defensive Back so he can catch it at about chest to face level. 4. The Defensive Back catches the ball and runs through past the coach to "score" Coaching Points 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Move forward at full speed Catch the ball with your hands Be under control Look the football in "Score" run past the coach Put the ball away

High Point Drill Purpose Defensive Backs Interception Drill to work on catching the ball at the highest possible point. Description Just like the downhill interception drill, except that the coach throws the ball in such a way that the Defensive Back has to jump to catch the ball at the highest point. Coaching Points 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Move forward at full speed Time your jump Be under control Catch the football at the highest point Score! Run past the coach

Bomb drill Purpose • • To develop defenders ability to maintain proper position on the receiver and body control. To develop defenders ability to play the bomb and make interceptions.

Description Defender should align in the numbers 5 yards from LOS. Coach is in position in the middle of the field. On command, defender will backpedal 5 yards, weave outside 10 yards and turn and sprint deep going for the ball at it's highest point, calling out "Bingo" and sprinting back to the LOS. Coaching Points All interceptions are made at the highest point and must be returned to the LOS. Defender must weave and turn inside facing QB and the ball and drive deep. Deflection Drill Purpose Defensive Backs Drill to work on good technique to deflect the ball while still securing to make a safe tackle in case the football cannot be deflected Description 1. Put a heavy stand-up dummy about 3 yards to the side of the Defensive Backs and about 1 yard into the field. 2. The first Defensive back lines up about 4 yards into the field. 3. Upon command he backpedals about 6-8 yards

4. Then the coach throws "a strike" to the stand-up dummy. 5. The defensive back plants his foot and breaks forward to deflect the pass and tackle the dummy. Coaching Points 1. Deflect pass with near arm 2. Club with the outside arm 3. Insure the tackle if no deflection LANDMARK DROPS Landmark dropping is the simplest but least effective way to play zone coverage. Teams that defend an areas or spots on the field with little regard for other factors, will find themselves giving up substantial yardage to their opponents with even the simplest of passing offense. The only strong point for the use of this defense is, the 3 deep zone that keeps the other team from beating you deep. PATTERN READING Pattern reading is used mostly on the college and professional level. Only the top programs on the high school level use pattern reading. That is why some coaches stay away from pattern reading. They feel that pattern reading is for college football programs and up, therefore, too complex for the high school level. Pattern reading is not as complex as some coaches might think and it assures that the defense will always win the numbers games. Here is a simple system you can use to add pattern reading to your defense. 1. Spend some time looking at the game film of your next opponent. 2. Make a list of their pass plays, and place the pass plays into two sets, short passes and long passes. 3. Now make the the groups even smaller by dividing them into sub-groups that include passes by formation, downs, tendencies, and distance. This will give you an idea what to look for in every situation. Now that you know all this you can play the percentages game. For example, when it is third and long, you know your opponent is not going to throw a short pass and gain a first down. You know he is going to throw a long pass. You know what patterns he runs and out of what formations. You know what his tendencies are in this type of situation. The odds are now in your favor to make the big play. Here is where the pattern reading comes in. Pattern reading is nothing more than a combination of landmark dropping and reading the receivers routes. In fact, your defensive backs must know their Landmark drops before they can move up to the pattern reading level. A pattern reading is a simple read of the second receiver from the sidelines. For example, many teams, on the high school level, usually have their tight end run a short pattern while the slot-back will run a deeper route. By reading the tight end's pattern, you will have a good idea of what the slot-back is going to do. The same goes for the two receiver set. One receiver will usually run a short pattern while the other will go deep. If you know what combination patterns the two receivers run, by doing your homework, your defensive backs will be waiting for the ball when it is thrown.

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