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Executive Report

Study of the U.S. Market For Windows, Doors and Skylights

Copyright © 2006 - Co-published April 2006 by:

American Architectural Manufacturers Association (AAMA) 1827 Walden Office Square, Suite 104 Schaumburg, Illinois 60173 Tel: (847) 303-5664/Fax: (847) 303-5774 www.aamanet.org

Window & Door Manufacturers Association (WDMA) 1400 East Touhy Avenue, Suite 470 Des Plaines, Illinois 60018 Tel: (847) 299-5200/Fax: (847) 299-1286 www.wdma.com

Researched by: Ducker Research Company, Inc. 1250 Maplelawn Drive, Troy, MI 48084 (248) 644-0086 www.ducker.com

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Section A. Description INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY 1. Methodology 2. Purpose 3. Methodology and Time Line 4. Terminology U.S. CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITY 1. U.S. Summary 2. U.S. Residential Starts 3. Nonresidential Floor Area DOOR MARKET 1. Summary 2. Market Size by Application 3. Segmentation by Material 4. Wood Doors by Application 5. Wood Doors Segmented by Type 6. Residential Wood Flush Doors 7. Architectural (Nonresidential) Flush Doors 8. Wood Stile and Rail Doors 9. Historic and projected Growth Page 1

B.

6

C.

16

D.

WINDOW MARKET 39 1. Summary 2. Residential-Type Market Size by Application 3. Residential-Type Window Segmented by Application and Material 4. Residential-Type Wood Windows in Conventional Applications 5. Residential-Type Vinyl Windows in Conventional Applications 6. Historic and Projected Growth 7. U.S. Nonresidential Glass and Windows Market Size 8. Nonresidential Historic and Projected Growth PATIO DOOR MARKET 1. Summary 2. Market Size by Application 3. Segmentation of Wood Units SKYLIGHT MARKET 1. Summary 2. Market Size by Application U.S. STORM WINDOW AND DOOR MARKET 82

E.

F.

92

G.

100

APPENDICES: A. B. C. D. E.
F.

Eleven U.S. Census Regions
U.S. Entry and Interior Door Market U.S. Conventional Residential Window Market Nonresidential Vision Area Models U.S. Patio Door Market U.S. Glass Usage

6 Table 10 B.S.S.5 Pie Chart 10 B.S. Residential Housing Starts by Region 2005 • South • West • Midwest • Northeast U. Residential Housing Starts by Region 2009 Forecasted • South • West • Midwest • Northeast Expenditures and Growth Over Prior Year • 2000 – 2009F Total U.4 Pie Chart 10 B.S. Residential Construction Segmented by Type of Structure 2006 – 2009F • Manufactured Homes • Multi-Family • Single Family U.7 Bar Chart 11 .1 Bar Graph 6 B. Conventional Housing Starts by Geographic Region 2005 • 11 Regions Forecasted U. Residential Improvement Expenditures • Billions of Dollars Page 2 B B. New Residential Construction Segmented by Type of Structure 2001-2005 • Manufactured Homes • Multi-Family • Single Family U.2 Map 8 B.LIST OF EXHIBITS Section A Number & Type A.S.S.3 Bar Graph 9 B.1 Time Line Description Program Time Line 2005 – 2006 • Program Approval • Draft Review • Committee Review • Report Publication U.

Including Farm 2000 – 2009F • Northeast • Midwest • South • West Forecasted Nonresidential Contract Awards by Floor Area Segmented by Major Building Category 2003 – 2009F • Manufacturing/Warehouse • Office/Hotel/Institutional • Store/Mercantile New U.) B. Housing by Type of Structure Private and Public.S.S.13 Pie Chart Nonresidential Contracts by Region 2005 • South • West • Midwest • Northeast Nonresidential Contracts by Region 2009 Forecasted • South • West • Midwest • Northeast 13 B.S. Manufactured Housing Shipments to Dealers by Geographical Region Private and Public. Nonresidential Contract Awards by Geographical Region 2005 • 11 Regions 11 B. Conventional Housing by Geographical Region Private and Public.B (cont.8 Table New U.12 Map 14 B.9 Table 12 B.14 Pie Chart 13 .S. Including Farm 2000 – 2009F • Total Shelter • Manufactured Housing • Total Conventional • Single Family • Multi-Family New U.10 Table 12 B.11 Bar Chart 13 B. Including Farm 2000 – 2009F • Northeast • Midwest • South • West U.

S. Residential Entry Doors by Material 2005 • Steel • Wood • Fiberglass Residential Interior Doors by Material 2005 • Wood • Other Nonresidential Entry Doors by Material 2005 • Steel • Aluminum • Wood • Other Nonresidential Interior Doors by Material 2005 • Wood • Aluminum • Steel • Other 18 C.S.15 Table Nonresidential Contract Awards (Reported) by Selected Building Types and Regions 2000 – 2009F • Manufacturing/Warehouse • Office/Hotel/Institutional • Store/Mercantile 15 C C.S.2 Table 19 C.B (cont. Market for Doors by Construction Type and Application 2005 • New Construction • Remodeling • Replacement U.4 Pie Chart 21 C.3 Pie 20 C. Doors by Application 2005 • Residential Entry • Residential Interior • Nonresidential Entry • Nonresidential Interior Total U.) B.6 Pie Chart 23 .5 Pie Chart 22 C.1 Table Total Market for U.

S.11 Pie Chart 26 C.S.8 Table 24 C. Market for Wood Doors by Application 2005 • Residential Entry • Residential Interior • Nonresidential Entry • Nonresidential Interior U. Market for Wood Doors Flush Versus Stile and Rail Construction 2005 • Residential Entry • Residential Interior • Nonresidential Entry • Nonresidential Interior Wood Residential Interior Doors by Type 2005 • Flush • Stile and Rail Wood Nonresidential Interior Doors by Type 2005 • Flush • Stile and Rail 2005 Wood Flush Door Market by Core Construction • Hollow Core • Solid Core • Fire Door Residential Core Materials by Type Solid and Fire Rated Wood Flush Doors 2005 • Particle Board • MDF • Mineral Core • Other 24 C.S.9 Table 25 C.) C.13 Pie Chart 28 . Market for Wood Doors by Construction Type and Application 2005 • New Construction • Remodeling • Replacement U.C (cont.7 Table U.12 Table 27 C.10 Pie Chart 26 C.

14 Pie Chart Residential Wood Flush Doors by Material 2005 • Molded Hardboard • Flush Veneer • Flush Hardboard Residential Wood Flush Veneer Doors by Ply Construction 2005 • 7 Ply • 9 Ply • Other Interior Flush Veneer Doors by Wood Species Used 2005 • Red Oak • Birch • Maple • Lauan/Related • Cherry • White Oak • Mahogany • Walnut • Ash • Other Hardwoods • Softwoods • Other Architectural Wood Passage Flush Door Shipments by Core Construction 2005 • Hollow Core • Solid Core • Fire Door Solid Core and Fire Rated Wood Architectural Flush Passage Doors by Core Types 2005 • Particleboard • Mineral • SCL • Stave Fire Rated Wood Architectural Flush Passage Doors by Rating 2005 • 90 Minutes • 60 Minutes • 45 Minutes • 20 Minutes 29 C.17 Table 31 C.) C.C (cont.18 Pie Chart 31 C.16 Pie Chart 30 C.15 Pie Chart 29 C.19 Pie Chart 32 .

) C.22 Pie Chart 34 C.20 Pie Chart Architectural Wood Flush Doors by Face Material 2005 • Wood Veneer • Laminates • MDO/Others Architectural Flush Veneers by Wood Species Used 2005 • Red Oak • Birch • Maple • Lauan/Related • Cherry • White Oak • Mahogany • Walnut • Ash • Other Hardwoods Architectural Wood Veneer Flush Doors by Ply Construction 2005 • 5 Ply • 7 Ply Architectural Wood Flush Doors by Door Height 2005 • 7’0” • 6’8” • 9’0” • 8’0” • 7’10” • 7’2” • Other Wood Stile and Rail Doors by Application 2005 • Residential Entry • Residential Interior • Nonresidential Entry • Nonresidential Interior 32 C.C (cont.23 Table 34 C.21 Pie Chart 33 C.24 Table 35 .

1 Table Total Market for Residential-Type Window Units by Application 2003 and 2005 • Residential New Construction • Residential Remodel • Residential Replacement • Manufactured Housing • Nonresidential New Construction • Nonresidential Remodel • Nonresidential Replacement 41 . Doors by Material and Application 2000-2009F • Steel • Wood • Fiberglass 36 C.25 Table Stile and Rail Wood Species Used 2005 • Ponderosa Pine • Radiata/Imported • White Pine • Other Pines • Fir/Hemlock • Other Softwoods • Oak • Cherry • Mahogany • Lauan • Walnut • Maple • Poplar • Other Hardwoods Sales of U.C (cont.S.) C.26 Table 38 D D.

3 Bar Graph 44 D. Conventional Residential Window Demand Historic and Forecasted Window Usage by Framing Material 2001 – 2009 F • Wood and Wood Clad • Aluminum • Vinyl • Other U.2 Table Total U.S.D (cont. Conventional Residential Window Usage by Framing Material Segmented by Construction Type 2003 and 2005 • New. Nonresidential and Manufactured Housing Window Units • Wood and Clad Wood • Vinyl • Aluminum • Other Total U. Market for Residential-Type Window Units by Application and Framing Material 2003 and 2005 • Residential. Remodel.5 Table 46 .) D.4 Table 45 D.S. and Replacement • Wood and Clad Wood • Vinyl • Aluminum • Other Conventional Residential Window Usage Segmented by Framing Material 2003 and 2005 • Wood • Aluminum Clad Wood • Vinyl Clad Wood • Aluminum with Thermal Break • Aluminum without Thermal Break • Vinyl • Other 43 D.S.

Two Lite.6 Table Conventional Residential Window Usage Segmented by Configuration 2003 and 2005 • Wood.9 Pie Chart 51 D. Non-Sealed.) D.D (cont. Vinyl and Aluminum/Other • Double Hung • Single Hung • Casement • Gliding/Slider • Awning • Fixed • Specialty Conventional Residential Window Volumes Segmented by Customization 2003 and 2005 • Standard Stock Windows • Customized Windows Conventional Residential Window Glass Usage Segmented by Framing Material 2003 and 2005 • Single Lite.11 Pie Chart 53 . Two Lite. Sealed IG.10 Pie Chart 52 D.7 Pie Chart 49 D. and Triple Lite.8 Table 50 D. Sealed IG W/Storm. Two Lite. Sealed IG • Wood • Vinyl • Aluminum • Other Conventional Residential Windows – Insulating Glass Segmented by Type of Spacer 2003 and 2005 • Rigid Warm Edge • Non-Rigid Warm Edge • Aluminum Spacer Conventional Residential Windows With Sealed IG Segmented by Seal Configuration 2003 and 2005 • Single Sealed • Double Sealed Conventional Residential Windows – Secondary Sealant Segmented by Seal Type 2003 and 2005 • Polyurethane • Silicone • Polysulfide • Hot Melt 47 D.

14 Pie Chart 56 D.17 Table 59 . Aluminum. Vinyl. All Other Regions • Non Hurricane • Hurricane Impact Glazing • Hurricane Non-Impact Glazing Conventional Residential Windows Segmented by Glass Type 2003 and 2005 • Wood.) D. Vinyl.13 Table 54 D. Aluminum/Other • NFRC Rating • Energy Star Rating • No Rating Conventional Residential Wood Window Units Segmented by Configuration 2003 and 2005 • Clad Wood and Non-Clad • Double Hung • Single Hung • Casement • Gliding/Slides • Awning • Fixed • Specialty Conventional Residential Wood Window Units – Window Sash and Frame Segmented by Wood Species Used 2005 • Ponderosa Pine • Southern Yellow Pine • Radiata Pine • White Pine • Fir/Hemlock • Other Softwoods • Oak • Other Hardwoods 54 D.12 Pie Chart Conventional Residential Windows – Hurricane Resistant Florida. and Other • Clear • Tinted • Reflective • Low-E Conventional Residential Windows – Low-E Segmented by Coating Type 2003 and 2005 • Sputtered • Pyrolytic Conventional Residential Windows – Energy Ratings Segmented by Rating Type 2003 and 2005 • Wood.15 Pie Chart 57 D.16 Table 58 D.D (cont.

21 Table 62 D.D (cont.22 Pie Chart 63 D.18 Pie Chart Conventional Residential Wood Window Units – Non-Clad Segmented by Exterior Finish 2005 • Primed/Prefinished • Natural • No Finish Conventional Residential Wood Window Units Segmented by Type of Insulating Spacer 2003 and 2005 • Rigid Warm Edge Spacer • Non-Rigid Warm Edge • Aluminum Spacer Conventional Residential Wood Window Units Segmented by Low-E Usage and Technology 2003 and 2005 • Sputtered • Pyrolytic Conventional Residential Vinyl Window Units Segmented by Configuration 2003 and 2005 • Double Hung • Single Hung • Casement • Gliding/Slider • Awning • Fixed • Specialty Conventional Residential Vinyl Window Units Segmented by Type of Insulating Spacer • Rigid Warm Edge Spacer • Non-Rigid Warm Edge • Aluminum Spacer Residential Vinyl Window Units Segmented by Fabrication Method 2003 and 2005 • Fully Welded Frame • Mechanically Fastened Frame • Hybrid of Mechanically Fastened Frame and Fully Welded Frame Conventional Residential Vinyl Window Units Segmented by Solid Extrusion Color 2003 and 2005 • White • Tan • Other 60 D.24 Pie Chart 64 .20 Pie Chart 61 D.) D.19 Pie Chart 61 D.23 Pie Chart 63 D.

Site Fabricated Windows.26 Table 68 D. Site Fabricated Windows. Storefront. Other Mercantile • Manufacturing/Warehouses • Educational • Hospital/Health Care (incl.) D. and Shop Fabricated Windows • Office and Bank • Stores.25 Table Conventional Residential Windows Usge 2003-2009 Forecast • New Construction.27 Table 69 D. Government) • Public/Government • Religious • Amusement/Recreational • Hotel/Motel/Dormitory • Miscellaneous Total Nonresidential Vision Area Segmented by Type of Construction 2003 and 2005 • New Building. Remodel/Replacement and Total Construction • Wood • Aluminum • Vinyl • Fiberglass • Composite Other New Nonresidential Construction and Major Additions Segmented by Type of Wall Construction 2003 and 2005 • Curtainwall. Storefront. and Shop Fabricated Windows • Aluminum with Thermal Break • Aluminum without Thermal Break • Wood • Vinyl. Other Nonresidential Aluminum Framing Segmented by Finish Material 2003 and 2005 • Anodized Finish • Standard Paint • High End paint 65 D. and Remodel • Curtainwall • Storefront • Site Fabricated Windows • Shop Fabricated Windows Framing Materials Used in Nonresidential Construction 2003 and 2005 • Curtainwall. Major Additions.D (cont.29 Pie Chart 71 .28 Table 70 D.

Sealed • Two-Lite Sealed IG.32 Table 73 D.37 Table 76 D.38 Pie Chart 77 . Vision Glass Area • Office/Bank • All Other Total U. Ratio High-Rise.Secondary Sealant Usage 2003 and 2005 • Polysulfide • Silicone • Polyurethane Non Residential Glazing – Hurricane Resistant Florida.34 Pie Chart 74 D.D (cont.S.31 Table 73 D. High-Rise Wall Area.30 Table Calculations – New High-Rise Construction 2001 and 2003 • Wall Area. All Other Regions • Non Hurricane • Hurricane Impact Glazing • Hurricane Non Impact Glazing 72 D.33 Pie Chart 74 D. Nonresidential Glass Usage Segmented by Glazing Configuration • Single Lite • Two-Lite.35 Picture 75 D. with Stormlite • Triple Glazed. Sealed • Square Feet to Lineal Feet Insulating Glass Sealants Segmented by Sealant Configuration 2001 and 2003 • Double Sealed • Single Sealed Double Sealed Insulating Glass .) D. Sealed IG. Not Sealed • Two-Lite. other Glass Usage – Nonresidential Windows • Clear • Tint • Reflective • Low-E Usage of Low-E Segmented by Coating Technology 2003 and 2005 • Sputter and Suspended Film • Pyrolytic Usage of Reflective Glass Segmented by Coating Technology 2003 and 2005 • Sputter • Pyrolytic Conversion: Total Insulated Vision Glass Area • Insulating Glass.36 Table 75 D.

1 Table Total U.S.S. Shop-Fabricated Windows Segmented by Window Configuration 2003 and 2005 • Hung • Slider • Projected • Fixed • Sliding Door • Specialty/Other U.) D.S Market for Architectural Rated Shop-Fabricated Windows by Rating Segmented by Window Rating Type • AW • C • H/C U.D (cont.39 Picture U.43 Table 81 E E.S.41 Table 79 D.S Shop-Fabricated Patio and Terrace Doors Segmented by Door Type • Hinged • Sliding U. Market for Residential Patio Doors Segmented by Framing Material 2005 • Wood • Aluminum • Vinyl • Steel • Fiberglass • Others 83 .40 Pie Chart 78 D.42 Pie Chart 80 D. Market for Commercial Windows Segmented by Window Type 2005 • Site Fabricated • Shop Fabricated U. Window Usage in Nonresidential Buildings – 2003-2009F • New Construction • Remodeling & Replacement 78 D.S.

Two Panel.) E. Market for Residential Patio Doors Segmented by Application and Framing Material 2003 and 2005 • Hinged and Sliding • Wood • Aluminum • Vinyl • Steel • Fiberglass • Others Total U. Pie Charts 85 86 E. Sliding and Hinged Patio Doors Segmented by Number of Panels 2003 and 2005 • One Panel.3 & E. and Three or More Panels • Wood • Aluminum • Vinyl • Steel • Fiberglass • Others 87 E.S.4. Market for Residential Patio Doors Segmented by Construction Type and Framing Material 2003 and 2005 • New Construction.6 Table .2 Table Total U. Remodel.E (cont.S.5 Table Total U.S. and Replacement • Wood • Aluminum • Vinyl • Steel • Fiberglass • Other Patio Doors by Framing Material 2003 and 2005 • Wood • Aluminum • Vinyl • Steel • Fiberglass • Other 84 E.

) E.11 Table 91 . Reflective and Low-E • Wood • Vinyl • Aluminum • Steel • Fiberglass • Others Wood Patio Doors Segmented by Cladding and Type of Door 2003 and 2005 • Hinged and Sliding • Clad • Non-Clad Non-Clad Wood Patio Doors Segmented by Finish Type 2005 • Primed/Painted • No Finish • Natural Finish Wood Patio Door Lumber Type Segmented by Wood Species 2005 • Ponderosa Pine • Southern Yellow Pine • Radiata Pine • White Pine • Fir/Hemlock • Other Softwoods • Oak • Other Hardwoods Residential Patio Door Market 2000 – 2009F • New Construction • Remodel • Replacement 88 E. Tinted. Market for Residential Patio Doors Segmented by Low-E Usage and Technology 2003 and 2005 • Clear.E (cont.9 Pie Chart 90 E.10 Table 91 E.7 Table Total U.8 Table 89 E.S.

2 Table 94 F.3 Pie Chart 94 F. 5 Pie Chart 96 F.6 Pie Chart 96 F.F F.7 Pie 97 F.1 Table Residential-Type Skylights (Including Light Commercial) 2000 – 2005 • NewConstruction • Remodel • Replacement Skylights by Type and Application 2005 • Plastic Glazed Skylight and Glass Glazed Skylight • Residential • Light Commercial Total Market for Skylights by Type 2003 and 2005 • Glass Glazed Skylights • Plastic Glazed Skylights Plastic Glazed Skylights by Type 2005 • Acrylic • Polycarbonate • Fiberglass Plastic Glazed Skylights by Type 2005 • Translucent/Diffusing • Tinted/Colored • Clear Glass Glazed Skylights by Type 2005 • Low E • Clear • Tinted • Reflective Residential-Type Skylights by Framing Material 2005 • Vinyl and Aluminum Vinyl • Aluminum • Wood and Clad wood • Frameless Residential-Type Skylights by Type and Application 2005 • Plastic Glazed Skylights and Glass Glazed Skylights • Fixed • Venting • Venting – Motorized/Operable 93 F.4 Pie Chart 95 F.8 Table 98 .

1 Table U.9 Table Forecast of Residential-Type Skylights 2005 – 2009F • New • Remodel • Replace 99 G G.) F.S.2 Table 101 Appendix A Appendix B Map Table Table Appendix C Table .S. Conventional Residential Window Market Segmented by Application and Estimated Geographic Segmentation 2005 • New Construction • Remodeling and Replacement 100 G.F (cont. Entry and Interior Door Market Segmented by Application and Estimated Geographic Segmentation 2005 • Residential • Nonresidential U.S.S. Storm Window and Door Shipments 2005 – 2009F • Windows • Doors Eleven U. Historic Storm Window and Door Shipments 2000 – 2004 • Windows • Doors Forecasted U. Census Regions Four to Eleven Region Conversion and Abbreviation Definitions U.S.

other Mercantile • Manufacturing/Warehouse • Educational • Hospital/Health Care (incl. Government) • Public/Government • Religious • Amusement/Recreational • Hotel/Motel/Dormitory • Miscellaneous APDX-D. Nonresidential Total Wall Area – New and Additions 2003 • Floor Area and Wall-to-Floor Ratio • Office and Bank • Stores.5 Table .1 Graphic APDX-D. other Mercantile • Manufacturing/Warehouse • Educational • Hospital/Health Care (incl. Government) • Public/Government • Religious • Amusement/Recreational • Hotel/Motel/Dormitory • Miscellaneous U.Appendix D APDX-D.2 Graphic APDX-D.4 Table APDX-D. Government) • Public/Government • Religious • Amusement/Recreational • Hotel/Motel/Dormitory • Miscellaneous U. New Nonresidential Vision and Opaque Wall Area – New and Additions Segmented by Building Category • Total Wall Area and Vision Glass • Office and Bank • Stores.S.3 Table Conversion: Total Vision Glass Area Model: Total Vision Glass Area United States Nonresidential Contract Awards 2002 Contract Awards • Office and Bank • Stores.S. other Mercantile • Manufacturing/Warehouse • Educational • Hospital/Health Care (incl.

S.Appendix E Table U. Patio Door Market Segmented by Application and Estimated Geographic Segmentation 2003 • New Construction • Remodeling and Replacement U. may not be reproduced in any form without the written permission of the publisher.S. . This report or any part thereof. Glass Usage Segmented by Glass Type and Estimated Geographic Segmentation 2003 • • • • • Clear Tinted Reflective Low E Combination Appendix F Table Copyright © 2006 AAMA and WDMA All rights reserved.

This following report is the result of a combined market study and a database analysis funded by AAMA and WDMA in a cooperative effort. These include the annual studies of the North American Flat Glass Market and bi-annual study of the Northern American Fabricated Glass Market. However. This association is now called the Insulating Glass Manufacturers Association (IGMA) Additionally. our database goes back to 1972 when we first developed a demand model for flat glass usage in the United States. multiple industry sources. Ducker receives confidential disclosures from AAMA and WDMA members and non-members. 1. residential and nonresidential window and door markets for WDMA (Window & Door Manufacturers Association) in combination with AAMA (American Architectural Manufacturers Association) since October 1994.S. Ducker further produces many syndicated and custom market research studies for the fenestration market annually. INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY Ducker Research Company (DRC) has been conducting the study of the U. for 2005. Methodology The role of Ducker Research is to combine primary and secondary market research efforts with its own body of knowledge to profile and track residential and nonresidential fenestration market volume. Ducker Research has been conducting residential and nonresidential market studies continuously since 1982 for AAMA. The database is designed to be utilized for studies into the foreseeable future. such as the U. As a major input to the research. This study details market volumes and trends in the U. The intent in combining these studies is to develop a full database and a comprehensive report on the window and door market. forecasted through 2009. are necessary and consistently used to triangulate market statistics.A. studies were conducted for the Sealed Insulating Glass Manufacturers Association (SIGMA) since 1978. Prior to that.S.S. raw material and component suppliers. Public databases are also utilized. such as demand models. 1 . and internal databases. Bureau of Census and other statistics sources.

and this coupled with additional insight gained from related Ducker work over the past 2 years has provided better insight into the following areas: • Residential windows: The wood window market in particular was found to have been overstated for several years. Ducker interviewed several hundred home builders. with both vinyl and aluminum conversely understated. Methodology and Time Line Study findings are based upon disclosures from window and door manufacturers. This was done partly to simplify and to better align with the definitions used by most manufacturers. Please note that there have been several important revisions to data from 2003 due to new and improved data received at both national and local levels. and partly because trends in the market were leading to the blurring of lines between wholesale retailers and other categories . 2 3. Patio doors: Similar to residential windows. as Exhibit A. but also somewhat to specialty retailers. A detailed timeline is provided.1.In addition. contractors. Wholesale Retailers. • • • The following report represents our research and analytical efforts beginning in the Fall of 2005. Current numbers reflect the adjustment and all historical numbers have been restated accordingly. Purpose The purpose of this study is to provide a comprehensive single report detailing the window and door market for WDMA and AAMA. Skylights: The total market was found to be overstated previously and has been revised down. The overall participation from manufacturers in general was significantly higher for the latest study. below. . Distribution: While the numbers were not restated as such. Study findings are segmented by geographic region as illustrated in Appendix A to this report. installers and distributors. which helped develop indicative product usage factors and channel flow as a cross reference to manufacturers’ sales figures. we eliminated a distributor category. The research program for the WDMA and AAMA spans from September 2005 through April 2006. 2. the wood patio door market was found to have been overstated. and reallocated this volume primarily to lumberyards. secondary data and our experience in providing this information for several years.

Terminology Certain terms are used throughout the report which require definition. the term Exhibits will be used to display all graphics and tables. 2006 mid-April. conjoined with hinges. 2005 late-March. Bifold Door: An interior application utilizing two or more individual door leafs. Doors: Units are defined as actual door slabs and panels. which operate on a sliding track. Included in interior door volume.Exhibit A. Included in interior door volume. However. Closet Doors: An interior door used for passage from room or hallway to closet. 3 . Bifold door volume counted on a per leaf basis. Excluded from door units are closet doors. The following is a list of definitions and assumptions used in the development of this report. 2006 early-April. bifold doors and service and industrial doors. A bifold door is primarily a form of a closet door. 2006 For purposes of presenting data in this report.1 Program Time Line 2005 – 2006 Program Approval • Kick-off meeting • Initiate fieldwork Draft Review Committee Review Report Publication • Present draft results • Fieldwork complete • Review draft reports with WDMA/AAMA advisory committees September. in our analysis. rather than openings where one or more slabs would be used. 4. assumptions are made regarding units and construction activity. Also. bifold doors do not include folding doors or overlapping sliding doors.

vinyl. fiberglass. framing members include both a operational portion and fixed portion of the window. entry doors include vestibule doors. In the nonresidential market. to avoid double counting units due to multiple operable. In the residential market. MDO. or composite members comprising the window. Excluded from this are garage hinged and service doors. not sealed and distinct from storm windows. multi-family and mobile homes. Figures in this report identify units with single panels and multiple panels alike as one singular unit.or three-lite. wood. For example. Hotels. and dormitories are included in nonresidential figures. Insulating Glass: Two. Patio Doors: Units are defined as openings at the manufacturer level. are included in our residential figures. Residential: Residential construction is defined as dwelling units: single-family attached. while patio doors are excluded and reported separately. Flush Door Construction: A method of door construction whereby a thin face material is attached to a light internal frame (often made of wood). Framing: Metal. Stile and Rail Door Construction: A traditional method of construction for wood doors whereby the structural components are 4 . sealed. Passageway Doors: An interior door used for passage from room or hallway to room. Distinct from twolites. motels. Face material may include high density fiberboard. that are not meant for residence. In operable windows. or inoperable panels. single-family detached. Nonresidential: Nonresidential construction is defined as all commercial buildings. from small to large. or other products. steel. Apartment buildings. Further segmentation by number of panels in detailed in the Patio Door section of this report. wood veneer.Entry Doors: A door opening that allows passage from the exterior of a building or home to the interior. a double French door and a triple panel sliding door are all considered one unit. hinged rear entrance doors connecting an attached garage to a home are included. Interior Door: Includes both Passageway and Closet doors. although considered commercial construction.

This product is captured in curtainwall data. Figures in this report more closely reflect units at the manufacturer level.exposed. However. Skylights: Standardized unit specified by product. a bay window to some may be three openings while to others it may be one). Windows: Units are defined as openings at the manufacturer level. Stiles and rails are held together using glue and dowel pins.. rather than openings at the job site. Not Vision Glass Area: Unless otherwise noted.g. Structural components include wood stiles (vertical beams) and rails (horizontal beams). while panels often “float” within channels grooved into the stile and rail components. Does not include sunrooms. the definition of a unit differs among manufacturers (e. included in window volumes. Study Regions: Eleven geographic regions are used throughout the report. This does not account for multiple windows that are nailed together at the distributor level for one opening. *** 5 . Appendix A to this report illustrates the definition of these regions. which are a separate category. Not included in window volumes. Figures for spandrel glass materials also are surface measured. Sloped Glazing: Nonstandard specification. but not segmented out. also called custom skylights or monumental glazing. Sunrooms: Separate classification from sloped glazing. which encompass wood panels. glass area figures are surface measure of vision glass area.

Inc.Executive Report U.S.ducker. Suite 104 Schaumburg. Illinois 60173 Tel: (847) 303-5664/Fax: (847) 303-5774 Window & Door Manufacturers Association (WDMA) 1400 East Touhy Avenue.aamanet. Troy.wdma. Illinois 60018 Tel: (847) 299-5200/Fax: (847) 299-1286 www.org www. 1250 Maplelawn Drive.Co-published April 2006 by: American Architectural Manufacturers Association (AAMA) 1827 Walden Office Square. Industry Statistical Review and Forecast Copyright © 2006 .com .com Researched by: Ducker Research Company. Suite 470 Des Plaines. MI 48084 (248) 644-0086 www.

All reports are available from AAMA.S. WDMA. or its contents should be directed to Ducker Research Company. as well as individual Statistical Review and Forecast market overview reports for each of the 11 major U.S. From 1978 to 1981. residential and nonresidential window and door markets for the Window and Door Manufacturers Association (WDMA) in combination with AAMA since October of 1994.S.Introduction Market estimates in the U. The U. Ducker has been conducting the update study of the U.S. Doors and Skylights. and The Distribution of Residential and Non-Residential Windows and Doors in the 2005 U. Industry Statistical Review and Forecast is published annually. or Ducker. Ducker has been conducting residential and nonresidential market studies continuously since 1982 for the American Architectural Manufacturers Association (AAMA). Map of Geographic Division 13-14 15 16-17 18 10 11 12 5-6 7 7 8 9-10 11 1 1 2 3 4 4 . Market for Windows. Additional and much more detailed information on window. All forecasts are based on projections of construction activity as of February and appropriate usage factors developed by Ducker Research Company. Industry Statistical Review and Forecast are driven not only by statistics published by the Census Bureau and other organizations. door and skylight markets is contained in the updated (2005) Study of the U. as well as component suppliers.S. but also from primary interviews with leading manufacturers of windows. which is solely responsible for the data. studies were conducted for the Sealed Insulating Glass Manufacturers Association (SIGMA(currently referred to as IGMA). Any questions on the Review. doors and skylights.S. Market. regional markets. Contents Residential Construction Activity Privately owned housing New housing by type of structure Residential construction activity Improvement expenditures Manufactured housing shipments Existing home sales Residential Product Statistics Prime windows Storm windows/doors Skylights Patio doors Entry and passage door usage Door Forecast Nonresidential Product Statistics Entry and passage door usage Door Forecast Insulating glass statistics Nonresidential Construction Activity Contract awards Regional construction Window usage U.S.

Co-published April 2006 by: American Architectural Manufacturers Association (AAMA) 1827 Walden Office Square. Illinois 60173 Tel: (847) 303-5664/Fax: (847) 303-5774 Window & Door Manufacturers Association (WDMA) 1400 East Touhy Avenue.org www. MI 48084 (248) 644-0086 www. Troy. 1250 Maplelawn Drive. Inc.com Researched by: Ducker Research Company.ducker. Suite 470 Des Plaines.Executive Report The Distribution of Residential and Nonresidential Windows and Doors in the 2005 U.com . Illinois 60018 Tel: (847) 299-5200/Fax: (847) 299-1286 www.wdma. Market Copyright © 2006 .S. Suite 104 Schaumburg.aamanet.

....... Appendix A .. Distributor Profiles PRODUCT FLOW ANALYSIS .................... Market Size B... Study Methodology CHANNEL MEMBER DEFINITIONS AND PROFILES.......................85 Executive Summary April...TABLE OF CONTENTS Section I................ Windows D............ VI. Patio Doors E....................23 A...3 A. Entry Doors F.................... Distribution Discussion C..... Characteristics of Channel Members B.. II................................. Study Objectives C. V..... Interior Doors ISSUES AND TRENDS.......71 A........... Nonresidential Window Distribution Analysis D................ Characteristic Definitions C....................... 2006 ............ Nonresidential Door Channel Member Definitions E................. Nonresidential Windows and Glazing Supply Channel Chain Definitions C................ Nonresidential Door Distribution Analysis III.... IV.......................... Channel Member Trends B..................6 A..... Regional Trends NONRESIDENTIAL WINDOWS AND DOORS..1 INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY.............. Description Page EXECUTIVE SUMMARY........... Introduction B.63 A.......................... Nonresidential Windows and Glazing B......................

......22 IV..............INDEX OF EXHIBITS Exhibit II............................................................. 30 2005 Lumberyard – Actual Window Purchases and Sales..... 32 2005 Specialty Retailer – Actual Window Purchases and Sales .......................................12 IV.....2 IV......3 IV.......................24 Title Page Number Interviews Conducted .....................18 IV.9 IV................................ 14 Lumberyard Profile........20 IV................................. 33 2005 Summary of Window Volumes – Segmented by End User .............7 III................................ 45 Executive Summary April........Respondent Type ...4 IV............... 8 Millwork Wholesaler Profile .....................................1 III. 42 2005 Specialty Retailer – Actual Patio Door Purchases and Sales............11 IV.............. 36 2005 Patio Doors – Major Distribution Channels.....10 IV..........8 IV...................... 28 2005 Millwork Wholesaler – Actual Window Purchases and Sales ..............2 III..........................17 IV... 20 Summary of Distribution Definitions . 40 2005 Lumberyard – Actual Patio Door Purchases and Sales........................................ 37 2005 Patio Doors – Total Volume by Channel of Distribution.13 IV............14 IV............ 2006 .......... 43 2005 Summary of Patio Door Volumes – Segmented by End User .......................... 44 2005 Summary of Patio Door Volumes – Segmented by Construction Type44 2005 Entry Doors – Manufacturer Direct ............................................. 35 2005 Patio Doors – Manufacturer Direct ..............................7 IV............ 39 2005 Big Box – Actual Patio Door Purchases and Sales ..............16 IV....... 23 2005 Windows – Manufacturer Direct ..5 IV...........................23 IV...... 31 2005 Shortline Distributor – Actual Window Purchases and Sales .......................................... 41 2005 Shortline Distributor – Actual Patio Door Purchases and Sales ....1 IV.....................3 III............. 38 2005 Millwork Wholesaler – Actual Patio Door Purchases and Sales.21 IV....6 IV..........Residential ............................1 III.4 III........................................................................ 16 Shortline Distributor Profile.................. 5 Definitions – Categorizing Process ................ 34 2005 Summary of Window Volumes – Segmented by Construction Type .............6 III..... 27 2005 Windows ................................. 22 2005 Market Size ........... 26 2005 Windows – Secondary Distribution Channels................ 18 Specialty Retailer Profile ....................Total Volume by Channel Distribution .........................................................15 IV....... 29 2005 Big Box – Actual Window Purchases and Sales ....................................................................................... 11 Big Box Profile.....................

........... 57 2005 Big Box – Actual Interior Door Purchases and Sales .....................37 IV...........................................31 IV......................................... 54 2005 Interior Doors – Secondary Distribution Channels .......................INDEX OF EXHIBITS (continued) Exhibit IV...........................39 IV.........41 IV..32 IV.........................................2 VI...........2 V.............. 81 Nonresidential Door Product Flow .. 2006 ........................... 55 2005 Interior Doors – Total Volume by Channel of Distribution.......33 IV................... 62 V........1 V....................... 51 2005 Specialty Retailer – Actual Entry Door Purchases and Sales..36 IV...........43 Title Page Number 2005 Entry Doors – Secondary Distribution Channels .............. 46 2005 Entry Doors – Total Volume by Channel of Distribution ....................4 Nonresidential Construction Specification Process and Cycle......29 IV.......................................40 IV............... 66 Forecasted View of Window and Door Product Distribution Channel Characteristics ....28 IV.38 IV........................... 56 2005 Millwork Wholesaler – Actual Interior Door Purchases and Sales .......27 IV........1 VI..........3 VI......3 Historic View of Window and Door Product Distribution Channel Characteristics ........................... 84 Executive Summary April..................... 52 2005 Summary of Entry Door Volumes – Segmented by End User .....26 IV......... 53 2005 Summary of Entry Door Volumes – Segmented by Construction Type53 2005 Interior Doors – Manufacturer Direct ... 59 2005 Shortline Distributor – Actual Interior Door Purchases and Sales .......... 61 2005 Summary of Interior Door Volumes – Segmented by End User ....................... 58 2005 Lumberyard – Actual Interior Door Purchases and Sales............. 62 2005 Summary of Interior Door Volumes – Segmented by Construction Type .. 48 2005 Big Box – Actual Entry Door Purchases and Sales ...........................42 IV........ 67 Historic and Expected Changes in Window and Door Product Distribution Flow – 2003-2009. 50 2005 Shortline Distributor – Actual Entry Door Purchases and Sales .......... 60 2005 Specialty Retailer – Actual Interior Door Purchases and Sales.............30 IV............25 IV................................34 IV.........................................35 IV.............................. 78 Shop Fabricated Commercial Window Supply Chain ..................................... 71 Architectural Glazing Products Supply Chain ....... 49 2005 Lumberyard – Actual Entry Door Purchases and Sales .......................... 68 VI................................. 47 2005 Millwork Wholesaler – Actual Entry Door Purchases and Sales...........

..........INDEX OF EXHIBITS (continued) Exhibit Title Page Number Appendix A – Exhibit I – 2003 Window Distribution Restated – Manufacturer Direct....... 2006 ......................................................... 85 Executive Summary April............................................. 85 Appendix A – Exhibit II – 2003 Patio Door Distribution and Volume Restated – Manufacturer Direct .............

com Researched by: Ducker Research Company. MI 48084 (248) 644-0086 www. Market Copyright © 2006 . Illinois 60173 Tel: (847) 303-5664/Fax: (847) 303-5774 Window & Door Manufacturers Association (WDMA) 1400 East Touhy Avenue.ducker.com .aamanet. Suite 470 Des Plaines.Executive Report Summary of Findings Regarding Installation Practices and Procedures 2005 U. Illinois 60018 Tel: (847) 299-5200/Fax: (847) 299-1286 www.wdma.S. Suite 104 Schaumburg. Troy.Co-published April 2006 by: American Architectural Manufacturers Association (AAMA) 1827 Walden Office Square.org www. Inc. 1250 Maplelawn Drive.

. .............................9 ....................5 Window Installations With/Without Fins – Regional Segmentation ......5 A...TABLE OF CONTENTS Section I.................................................................. ........6 Door Installations Involving Sill Pans – Regional Segmentation……………... Description Page INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY......................8 Flexible Flashing Use Segmented by Region..7 III........ II..................2 A.....................6 III......................................1 II......... .3 Flashing Materials: Manufacturer Involvement with Customers ..........Overall ..................8 III.. Installation Materials INSTALLER INPUT........5 II................................... Window Installations B.............4 Window Installations With/Without Fins ............4 II..…..... Installation Crews C......................3 Manufacturer Contracts With Exclusive Installers ................. ...........2 Printed Instructions Follow AAMA Installation Masters or ASTM 2112 Guidelines .... .......................1 III......3 II.........7 Window and Door Installations Involving Sill Pans – Regional Segmentation…7 Flexible Flashing Segmented by Type .............5 Window and Door Installations Involving Sill Pans – Overall ……………………6 Window Installations Involving Sill Pans – Regional Segmentation ........... ...4 Sealant Materials: Manufacturer Involvement with Customers.........3 III......................................................1 II....................9 Title Page Number Number of Respondents by Region ....2 III..2 Manufacturers With Own Installation Crews.............. . ..................... INDEX OF EXHIBITS Exhibit I......... Window Flashings C...........................................................4 III....1 Manufacturer Inclusion of Printed Installation Instructions .......8 Flexible Flashing Type Segmented by Region ...............1 MANUFACTURER INPUT ..........6 III....5 III...........2 II........... Window Sealants III. Installation Support Materials B...................................................

.....III.................14 Reported Sealant Utilization for Window Installation ...................... ......13 Reported Sealant Utilization for Window Installation.............. ...12 Reported Utilization of Sealant in Window Installations ... 11 III......11 Instruction Guide Utilized for Window and Door Flashing .......11 III.......9 III.........By Region ..........10 III........... 12 .....10 Incidence of Building Inspectors Checking Flashing Installations ..................... .............