19.05.

2011

Swisscontact ECO Track Record
an overview to our environmental projects
Matthias Nabholz - Bolivia

20 years SC Environmental Projects

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19.05.2011

Volume of SC Environmental Projects
6'000'000

5'000'000

4'000'000 Environmental Education 3'000'000 Waste Management Renewable Energy EE Building / Industry 2'000'000 EE Transportation

1'000'000

0 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

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Clean Air: Energy Efficiency in Transportation
Clean Air projects aim to contribute to the improvement of air quality, to reduce the negative effects on public health and the environment Swisscontact’s Clean Air projects focus on five intervention areas: • Baseline elaboration
Emissions – air quality – impact on health & environment

• Awareness building & environmental education
Creation of awareness and demand for clean air

• Capacity building through institutional strengthening
Local capacities guarantee sustainability of the process

• legal framework improvement
Crucial for setting incentives and investments by the private sector

• Clean Air Management Plan implemented
Assistance in elaboration, public consultation and implementation
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Clean Air Central America
Location: Duration: Funder: Budget: Staff: Objective:
Capital cities of Central America 11 years (1993-2003) SDC 12 millions Swiss Francs 772 person months

Promotion of policies and activities for the reduction of vehicular emissions Public awareness: 17 Clean Air Weeks Training inspection & maintenance: 500 training courses Air Quality monitoring: 6 operating networks Vehicle inspections: 100’000 tested during Clean Air Weeks Emission control on imported vehicles: established in 4 countries

main Activities:

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Clean Air Indonesia
Location: Duration: Funder: Budget: Staff: Objective:
Jakarta 10 years (1997-2006) SDC 8 millions Swiss Francs 852 person months

Improve institutional capacity for reducing air pollution caused by motorized traffic Eco-Driving: in alliance with private bus companies Conversion from gasoline to natural gas: technical assistance in legal aspects, training & implementation Local Act on Air Quality Management: key for air quality improvement in the megacity of Jakarta

main Activities :

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Peru: Fuel taxes according to toxicity
Situation before project start:

The fuel taxation system recompenses the use of the most pollution fuel, therefore hindering the shift to cleaner engine technologies
Project interventions:

Campaign against high sulphur content in diesel designed Key allies for campaign identified and convinced High media coverage obtained
Results:

New fuel taxation system that recompenses the use of clean fuels (and therefore modern engine technology) elaborated and in gradual implementation Trend towards cars with modern technology statistically proved

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Bolivia: Air quality monitoring
Situation before project start:

No awareness about negative impacts of air pollution on public health and environment
Project interventions:

Pilot monitoring network established Technical staff trained Joint funding body: municipalities & universities Gradually decreasing co-funding of equipment
Results:

Air quality monitoring network in four biggest cities established Municipalities cover running costs and invest in equipment Quality control regularly conducted by a national university High quality data on urban air quality obtained
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Ozone depleting Substances (ODS)
• Awareness building through campaigns among the ODS using sectors • Financial and technical support of the laboratories working with refrigerants, transfer of new technologies, equipment and instruction manuals • Technical training of instructors and technicians in refrigeration systems and new equipment

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Latin America: Brick & Energy Efficiency

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South Africa: Brick & Energy Efficiency
Energy consumption [MJ/kg brick]

> 4.0 1.5 - 2.8 1.5 - 2.8 1.5 - 2.8 0.7- 0-9

Clamp kiln

Hoffman kiln

BTK

Tunnel kiln

VSBK

The VSBK is the most energy efficient coal based firing technology
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Colombia: Sustainable construction practices

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Central America: Solar Water Heater

• Technical training & advisory services • Marketing assistance of enterprises dedicated to this business • Promotion of legislation concerning energy saving as well as tax and duty remission for solar plants and related raw materials
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Ecuador: Hazardous industrial waste (HIW)

• Capacity building by quality improvement of environmental laboratories • Institutional strengthening Establishment & promotion of environmental reviews – integration of HIW management in industry – implementation of public HIW information system • Legal framework promotion supporting the implementation of Quito’s Environmental Master Plan
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Healthcare Waste Management - Separation
To assure the sustainability of the separation of healthcare waste in origin, various steps have been undertaken:
• Yearly evaluations headed by Ministry of Health • Waste management will be part of accreditation of hospitals • Introduction of waste management into university careers

Success stories in pilot hospitals:
• Amount of infectious waste reduced by 50% (Cochabamba) • 25% of general waste sold to recycling companies • Amount of infectious waste reduced by 30% (La Paz)
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Healthcare Waste Management - Collection
Assistance to improve separated collection of healthcare waste through the following measures:
• Optimisation of routes of the collection service based on the information provided by the baseline studies • Adapt vehicles for the collection of infectious healthcare waste, according to national standards • Tricycles for areas of difficult access by vehicle, strategic distribution of transfer stations • Training the staff of the private operators and the public supervisors of the collection service

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Healthcare Waste Management - Disposal
For reasons of sustainability, the project priorizes the following measures:
• Improvement of monitoring of final disposal Competence of the local authorities, since urban waste management has been privatised • Creation or improvement of existing section

for healthcare waste within municipal landfill
Three big cities (El Alto, La Paz, Cochabamba) are in the process of translation of the landfill • Lobbying and assistance for an environmental

X

friendly deposition of the healthcare waste in the new landfills
A landfill built with up-to-date technology is more sustainable than the decentralized incineration (no hospital incinerator is working properly)
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PET Recycling
Adjusting experiences made in Central America to the Bolivian context, the action line will emphasise in:
• Strengthen legal framework Law on Solid Waste – Local rules on Recycling • Create and foster neutral PET-Foundations Regional non-profit-organization shall be in charge – based on contributions of PET-generating enterprises – of awareness building and setting up an improved system of PET-collection • Foster alliances: companies –

local authorities – civil society

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Improve initiatives by sponsoring activities – cooperation to private sector related to “social responsible business”

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Bolivia: Potential of domestic waste

Environmental potential in Bolivia: 80% less solid waste in landfills = less transport & treatment costs, less pollution, less greenhouse gases

Economic potential of waste recovery in Bolivia: Value of solid waste: 60 millions USD per year Job opportunities for 20.000 people

Energetic potential (biogas production from organic waste) in Bolivia: 20 million gas containers per year (2 for each inhabitant)

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Solid Waste Management Bolivia (I) 1 2

Awareness building

Collection systems

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Institutional strengthening

Green jobs & treatment centers

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Solid Waste Management Bolivia (II)
Collection system: before…

…and after

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Bolivia: Results 2009-2010

Involved “Eco-Communities” Reached households through awareness building Number of involved waste pickers Number of involved SMEs Collected material (recyclable and organic waste)
The project could reduce about 3250 tons of CO2-equivalents in 2010

85 75’000
375‘000 individuals

135 46 10’000 tons USD 250’000 200

Contribution of involved cities Created Jobs
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