Rules and tools

cindy [Pick the date]

Rules and tools
Contents 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Present simple Present continuous Using have got Countable and uncountable nouns Nouns – singular and plural Using some and any Using can Using imperatives Prepositions of time – when? Prepositions of place – where ? Numbers 1-100

Subject pronouns and the Verb to be Table
Pronoun I You He She It We They Verb to be Contraction Negative Am Are Is Is Is are are I´m You’re He’s She´s He’s We´re They´re I am not He is not She is not It is not We are not They are not Negative contraction I´m not He isn´t She isn´t It isn´t We aren´t Question Am I ___? Are you ? Is he Is she Is it Are we ? ? ? ?

You are not You aren´t

They aren´t Are they ?

Fill in the tables below with the verb to be and the contractions:

I You He She It We They is

a student. a teacher. a journalist. a mechanic. a book. pilots. policemen.


a student. a teacher. a journalist. a mechanic. a book. pilots. policemen.


Chose the correct form of the verb to be - am/is/are. 1. It ________cold today. 7. That ______right. 2. I ________at home now. 3. They ___________Korean. 4. There _________a pen on the desk. 5. My name ___________Nikita. 6. We _________from Ukraine. 8. I ___________OK, thanks. 9. Clara and Steve ________married. 10. She _________an English teacher.

Arrange the words affirmative sentences with the verb to be. 1. am years old. twenty-five I: _____________________________________________ 2. are from Venezuela. We ________________________________________________ 3 Anton and student. I'm is a name My ______________________________________ 4 my is This book. _______________________________________________________ 5 day today. nice It's a ___________________________________________________ 6 Paul. Her name is brother's ______________________________________________ 7 John an engineer. is ____________________________________________________ 8 husband's My Johansson. is name _________________________________________ 9 twelve in class. There are my students: ____________________________________ 10 letter. at the of top My the new address is: _________________________________

Fill in the tables below with negative form of the verb to be and the contractions: I I you you He He She She It It We We They They a singer. a singer. a receptionist. a receptionist. isn´t a nurse. a nurse. a shop assistant. a shop assistant. my book. my book. not musicians. not musicians. taxi drivers. taxi drivers.

Complete the gaps with the negative forms of the verb to be. Example: She_isn´t_from France. 1. This book__________mine. 2. Jane and Peter__________married. 3. That________right. 4. My brother_________here at the moment. 5. We________in England. 6. It_______Monday today. 7. Jennie's surname_________Peters. 8. I_________a hairdresser. 9. My name_______Alexander. 10. There________many people in this class. Make the positive sentences negatives. Example: I am a student. I am not a student

1. This exercise is difficult.______________________________________________ 2. We're from Spain. __________________________________________________ 3. My grandmother's name's Adelaide. ____________________________________ 4. The kids are in the garden. ___________________________________________ 5. You're English. _____________________________________________________ 6. My car is very expensive. ____________________________________________ 7. This is my student's notebook. ________________________________________ 8. These photographs are very nice. ______________________________________ 9. Alex is twenty-five years old. _________________________________________ 10. I'm fine. __________________________________________________________


Fill in the gaps with the correct pronoun and form of the verb to be to make questions right? here? a nurse? second-hand? wrong? happy? American? Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the verb to be - am, is, are.

____________Jane and Alice sisters?

2. ___________ this car yours? 3. __________I in your way? 4. ___________Maria John's sister? 5. _________you twenty-five years old? 6. ________the Smiths divorced? 7. _________this your new bicycle? Put the words in the correct order to make interrogate questions with the verb to be. 1 you Are hot? _________________________________________________________ 2 your Is this book? _____________________________________________________ 3 Is Unites Mr. the Peters from States? ______________________________________ 4 Are married? they _____________________________________________________ 5 right wrong? or Am I ___________________________________________________ 6 daughter's your Sandra? name Is _________________________________________ 7 Mrs. and Are Jenkins? Mr. you ___________________________________________


Wh- Questions

Use the underline part of the answer to ask questions with who, what, when, why and how.
1.- _________Where is Adela__________________________? 2.- _______________________________________________? 89. 3.- _______________________________________________? 4.- _______________________________________________? 5.- ________________________________________________? 6.- ________________________________________________? 7.- _______________________ ________________________? 8.-____________________________ ____________________? 9.- ________________________________________________? 10.- _______________________________________________? A= Adela is at home. A= My telephone number is 555-56A= I am fine, thank you. A= Tom is in the kitchen. A= The bikes are in the yard. A= I am 26 years old. A= Carmen is my teacher. A= Her name is Elvira. A= The car is in the parking lot. A= My last name is Gaxiola.


Write a negative and question form of each sentence:
1. I am a student. (example) Negative : I am not a student Question: Am I a student? 2. They are from Mexico. Negative ______________________________ Question ______________________________ 3. She is from China. Negative ______________________________ Question ______________________________ 4. We are students. Negative ______________________________ Question ______________________________ 5. He is a teacher. Negative ______________________________ Question ______________________________ 6. You are a student. Negative ______________________________ Question ______________________________ 7. Maria is from Argentina. Negative ______________________________ Question ______________________________ 8. The students are from Cuba. Negative ______________________________ Question ______________________________ 9. Bill is from California. Negative ______________________________ Question ______________________________ 10. Sarah and Fred are from Ohio. Negative ______________________________ Question ______________________________

Fill in the gaps using the verb to be:
1. 2.

What ________your name? - My name _______John Roberts. Who ________ you? - I ______John Roberts. Who ________John Roberts? - I ________ John Roberts


Who ______she? - She _____my wife. Who ________they? - They ________Mr and Mrs Roberts.





________you John Roberts? - Yes I ________John Roberts.


1 The present simple
What time do you get up? I get up at 7 o’clock. What does she do on Sunday? She goes swimming. I hate pop music.

I love cold weather.

They don’t like smoking.

 love, like

hate  don’t like

• You use present simple to talk about things you do every day. • You use present simple to talk about things you like and don’t like.

Form I You We They She Do He It Does Positive live in Liverpool. eat Questions ? and meat. fish come from Iran. I you smoke? liveswe in Liverpool. eatsthey fish and meat. like cats? comes from Iran. he study computing? she it I You We They She Yes He It Negative live Answers eat come in Liverpool. fish and meat. I from Iran. you we don’t. in Liverpool. they meat. fish and she from Iran. he doesn’t it

When you speak, use short forms. do not  don’ t does not

don’t I (do not) you we doesn’t do. live they (does not) eatNo, she come he does. it

 doesn’t
You add an s to the verb for he, she and it. I love chocolate. Do you ? He loves chocolate. Does he?

Present Tense Exercise #1
Directions: Fill in the blank with the correct form of the verb OR the correct “helping” verb. A. AFFIRMATIVE (use the verb “to walk”) 1. I ____________ to school every day. 2. You ____________ to school every day. 3. He/She/It ____________ to school every day. 4. They ____________ to school every day. 5. We ____________ to school every day. B. NEGATIVE (use the verb “to walk”) 6. I ____________ walk to school every day. 7. You don’t ____________ to school every day. 8. He/She/It ____________ walk to school every day. 9. They ____________walk to school every day. 10. We don’t ____________ to school every day. C. YES/NO QUESTIONS (use the verb “to walk”) 11. Do I ____________ to school every day? 12. ____________ you walk to school every day? 13. Does he/she/it ____________ to school every day? 14. ____________ they walk to school every day? 15. Do we ____________ to school every day?

D. SHORT ANSWERS) 16. Yes, I ____________. 17. No, I _______________. 18. Yes, you ____________. 19. No, you ____________. 20. Yes, he/she/it ____________. 21. No, he/she/it ____________. 22. Yes, we ____________. 23. No, we ____________. 24. Yes, they ____________. 25. No, they ____________. E. WH—QUESTIONS 26. When do you ___________ to school every day? 27. Why do ___________ walk to school every day? 28. Where ___________ she go to school every day? 29. How does ___________ get to school every day? 30. What ___________ they do in school every day?

Directions: Fill in the blanks with the correct verb. 1. We always __________ (walk) home from school. 2. She never __________ (drink) diet sodas. 3. Do you __________ (like) to watch T.V.? 4. I __________ (play) tennis every Saturday. 5. He doesn’t __________ (dance) very well. 6. My neighbor __________ (work) at the hospital. 7. When do you __________ (eat) dinner? 8. The students always _________ (study) for their tests. 9. Does he __________ (live) in California? 10. The store usually __________ (close) at 10 p.m. 11. She __________ (know) the story by heart. 12. He _________ (call) his mother every Sunday. 13. Do you __________ (talk) to your brother every day? 14. When does she __________ (leave) for work? 15. My friend __________ (speak) five languages. 16. I __________ (cook) dinner every night. 17. He __________ (take) vitamins every day. 18. Do they __________ (travel) together? 19. They __________ (go) to the park often. 20. What does this word _______ (mean)?

Simple present
Example: ____ she ____ books? (to read) Answer: Does she read books? 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) They hockey at school. (to play) She e-mails. (not/to write) you English? (to speak) My parents fish. (not/to like) Anne any hobbies? (to have) Andy's brother in an office. (to work) Leroy very fast. (can/not/to read) Jim and Joe the flowers every week? (to water) Yvonne's mother a motorbike. (not/to ride)

Write 3 sentences in the affirmative simple present 1. ________________________________________________________________________________ 2. ________________________________________________________________________________ 3. ________________________________________________________________________________ Write 3 sentences in the negative simple present 1. ________________________________________________________________________________ 2. ________________________________________________________________________________ 3. ________________________________________________________________________________ Write 3 sentences in the interrogative simple present 1. ________________________________________________________________________________ 2. ________________________________________________________________________________ 3. ________________________________________________________________________________

2 The present continuous
Are you waiting for Ali? . What’s Maggie doing? Use
• You use the present continuous to talk about things you are doing now.

No, I’m not. I’m waiting for Kamal.

She’s watching TV.

Form Positive I You We They He She It ‘m (am) ‘re (are) ‘s ( is) studying English. eating my dinner. waiting for Ali. going home. watching TV.

I You We They He She It

Negative ‘m not (am not) studying. eating dinner. waiting for Ali. aren’t going home. (are not) watching TV. isn’t (is )

Questions ? Am Are I you we they he she it waiting for Ali? going home? watching TV?

Positive Answers I am. you we they she he it are. is.



Negative Answers I ‘m not. (am not) you we aren’t No they (are not) she he it isn’t. (is not)

• When you speak you use short forms.

I am  I’m I am not  I’m not

You are  You’re

He is  He’s He is not  He isn’t

You are not  You aren’t


What´s the difference between the simple present and the present continuous?

Present Continuous - Practice Forming Present Continuous
Exercise: Put the verb in brackets in the correct form to make different form of the Present Continuous Tense.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

John (read) a book now. What (you do) tonight? Jack and Peter (work) late today. Silvia (not listen) to music. Maria (sit) next to Paul. How many other students (you study) with? The phone (not ring).

Present Continuous Tense - More Practice
1 looking glasses. my I'm for 2 What of book you reading? kind are 3 crying? Why is Pamela 4 University. National is studying Kharkov at Paul economics 5 laughing? everyone is Why 6 you Are waiting for me? 7 you When leaving? are 8 John is the at Arabia moment. Saudi in working 9 company for you? as the same Jennifer Is working 10 next having Saturday you I'm want come? to party a do –

Simple Present or Present ContinuousExercise #1 Instructions: Fill in the blanks with the correct verb tense. 1. Every Saturday, John (drive) ____________________ his son to soccer practice. 2. Usually, I (work) _____________________ as a professor at the National University in Tokyo, but this summer I (study) _____________________ English in the United States. That’s why I am here in the U.S. 3. Shhhh! Be quiet! The baby (sleep)______________________. 4. Don't forget to take your umbrella. It (rain) _____________________. 5. It (always, snow) ___________________ a lot during the winter. 6. I'm sorry, but I can't hear what you (say) ___________________ . Everybody (talk) ___________________ so loudly. 7. Maria (currently, write) ___________________ a book about her experiences in the U.S. 8. A: Do you want to go for a walk around the lake? I (need) _____________ some exercise. B: No, I can't. I (watch) _____________________ my little sister. 9. The business cards (normally, be) _____________________ printed by a company in San Francisco. Their prices (be) _________________ inexpensive and the quality of their work is good. 10. The children (eat) ____________________ too much candy. They are going to be sick! 11. She (always, call) ____________________ her mother when she gets home. 12. Ron and Kay (look) ___________________ out the window at the beautiful bird in the tree. 13. They (feed) ___________________ the birds every day. 14. I (always, play) ___________________ on Thursdays.

15. Now, I can’t understand what he (say) ______________. He (speak) __________ too fast!


Using have got
She’s got three brothers.

I’ve got a sore throat. I haven’t got time.

I’ve haven’t got a car.

The house has got a small garden.

Form Negative Positive I You We They She He It Have ‘ve got (have got) ‘s got (has got) 2 children. a headache. a new car. I You We They She He It haven’t got (have not got) hasn’t got (has not got) 2 children. a headache. a new car.

Answers Questions ? I you we they he she it any children? a headache? a new car? Yes, I you we they she he it have No, has I you we they she he it haven’t (have not) hasn’t (has not)



When you speak you use short forms.

I have got  I’ve got We have not got  We haven’t got

She has got  She’s got He has not got  He hasn’t got

Fill in the table




Fill in the blanks with the verb to have.

What does Sally look like? Sally ______________ brown hair and green eyes. What do your family look like? They all _____________ curly hair and brown eyes. Sam ____________ a pet dog. CNCI has ______________ classrooms. • • • • • • • • • •

In my bag I ________ a book, pencils and a snack.

What do you look like? _________________________________ ________________________________ _________________________________ ________________________________ _________________________________

Peter a beautiful new house in the countryside. (she) any children? I a fantastic apartment in New York when I lived there. Tom a shower at the moment. Can you call back later? I'm afraid we enough space in the garage. My son breakfast before he goes to school. I think she a new job soon. (you) dinner early or late? (you) time to see me tomorrow afternoon? They usually a lot of free time during the summer.

4 Countable and uncountable nouns
We need potatoes, oil, apples, flour, tea, coffee and sugar.

There is too much furniture in here. Let’s move the table into the next room.

• You use nouns to name things.

• English nouns divide into two groups.

Countable nouns You can count these. There are singular and plural forms one cat , two cats one student, ten students You use single and plural verbs. The lesson starts at 9.30. The lessons start at 9.30. You can use a or an in front of them. an envelope, a letter You can use not many and a few in front of them. You cannot use not much and a little in front of them. There are a few people waiting for the bus. There aren’t many people here today.

Uncountable nouns You can’t count these. There is only one form. rice, milk, water, oil, sugar, furniture, weather, information You always use a singular verb. There is no furniture in there.  There are no furniture in there. X You cannot use a or an in front of them. You can use not much and a little in front of them. You cannot use not many and a few in front of them. There is a little sugar left. There is not much flour left.

How much?

How many?

• You use these when you ask about an amount or quantity.

How many…? with countable nouns. How many carrots do you want?

How many children are there?

How much…? with uncountable nouns. How much sugar do you want? How much furniture is there?


How much/How many
Contables= How many How many cars do you have? How much money do you have? We also us How much to ask for a price. How much is this car? How much are the potatoes? Fill in the gaps below There are four litres of milk. uncontables = How much. How many cars are there? There are nine cars How much money is there? There is one dollar. How much milk is there? There are three bottle.

birds are there? There are two birds.

pencils are there? There are thirteen pencils.

eggs are there? There are eight eggs.

money is there? There are three thousand dollars.

books are there? There are three books.

chocolate is there? There is a bar of chocolate.

dolphins are there? There are two dolphins.

milk is there?

sausages are there? There are five sausage

A few

A little

You use these words when you describe small quantities.

a few with countable nouns Have you got any of those T-shirts in large sizes ? Yes, we’ve got a few left . a little with uncountable nouns. We’ve only got a little petrol left. We need to go to the petrol station.

Exercise 1
Decide whether you have to use a little or a few.
1. apples 5. boys 6. money 7. dogs 8. time 9. sugar 10. cups

2. rice 3. bicycles 4. trees 11.

There will be rain this week.

12. friends are coming over tonight.
13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

I need sleep. Could you buy bottles of water for me? My parents give me pocket money every week. All we need is luck. I would like to eat biscuits now. There is still bread left. My friend knows English poems. There are birthdays to celebrate this month.

5 Nouns – singular and plural
You make most countable nouns plural by adding –s. face faces hand  hands packet  packets table  tables bus  buses glass  glasses box  boxes city  cities baby babies child  children foot  feet knife  knives man  man person  people sheep  sheep tooth  teeth wife  wives woman women

With nouns ending in -s, -x and -ch you make the plural by adding –es.

With nouns ending in –y, use the ending –ies.

Some countable nouns have irregular plurals.

Uncountable nouns Can you get a jar of Brinjal pickle ?

Can I borrow a bit of butter please ?

• You make uncountable nouns into countable quantities by describing the container, weight or volume and using a … of

… Describe the container bottle milk cup coffee tin beans glass of water jar pickle packet rice carton juice tube toothpaste Describe the amount litre oil pound flour kilo rice slice of cheese loaf bread ______ piece information bit news



Put in the correct form of the plural. Example: school - ______ Answer: school - schools 1) life 2) family 3) boy 4) house 5) city 6) man 7) child 8) sandwich 9) nurse 10) shelf 1) half 2) kilo 3) woman 4) mouth 5) foot 6) sheep 7) penny 8) bus 9) day 10) fish -

1) tomato - 2) tooth - 3) aircraft - 4) logo - 5) mouse - 6) crisis - 7) passer-by - 8) radius - 9) grown-up - 10) crossroads -

6 Using some and any
• You use some and any when you don’t know how much or how many.

• You use some and any with countable and uncountable nouns.

+ _ ?

Use some in a positive sentence.

I’ve got some plasters. We’ve got some cheese. There are some students outside. I haven’t got any plasters. We haven’t got any cheese. Have you got any plasters? Have you got any cheese ? Are there any students outside?

Use any in a negative sentence.

Use any in a question.

1) Ann has candies. 2) Bill doesn't have money. 3) Sue will give us information. 4) There is milk in the fridge. 5) There isn't beer. 6) There aren't boys in my family. 7) Bill won't give me help. 8) Ann shouldn't smoke cigarettes. 9) Sue must do homework tonight. 10) My brother can't speak Chinese. 11) My sister can speak Spanish. 12) I can't speak Chinese or Spanish. 13) I must study second languages. 14) Bill isn't smarter than Jane. 15) Ann should eat fresh fruit.

Some is used in questions for invitations:
Example: Do you want some water? Do you want some cookies? Would you like some sugar?

1.- There are 2.- There aren´t 3.- I don’t have

potatoes in the fridge. yogurt on the table. money.

4.- Susan needs sugar to prepare the cake. 5.- Do you want cake? 6.- Peter and Karla don´t have to their hamburgers. cheese

7.- We don´t have money to buy a present to our mother. 8.- There are oranges and bananas in ? the fridge. Do you want

9.- Do you need lettuce to the sandwich? Thanks, but I don´t like. 10. Is there milk? No there isn`t

7 Using can
Can you hear me ? Can I have a pint of milk, please?

I can speak a little Urdu but I can’t write it. Can I leave early today, please?

You can’t sit there.

• • • •

You use can to ask for something. You use can to talk about things you are able to do. You use can to ask and give permission. You use can’t to describe something impossible.

Form Positive sing. dance. speak Arabic. use a computer. ride a bike. cook rice. play the piano.

I You He She It We They


I You He She It We They Yes,

Negative sing. dance. speak Arabic. can’t use a computer. (cannot ) ride a bike. play the piano.


I you he she it we they

Question sing? dance? speak Arabic? use a computer? ride a bike? cook rice? play the piano?


Answers I can. you he she it we can’t. they

When you speak you use short forms.

can  can’t

Add can or can't to the following sentences. Example: You can speak English. 1. Monkeys talk. 2. Pigs fly. 3. I play the piano., but Cory can't. 4. You go on vacation. It's too expensive. 5. I borrow some money? 6. I don't know the answer. you tell me? 7. Tony come tonight, he's too busy. 8. Jim makes great food. He cook really well. 9. Excuse me, we see the movie. 10. It's too noisy. We study well.

Using the table on the next page write conversation asking permission to do something.


Unscramble the following sentences. Example: speak can you English. - You can speak English.

1. you can play the violin? 2. draw they can't well. 3. play I basketball can. 4. we can come house to your? 5. she sleep can't 6. you cook can? 7. watch can television I? ,

I can and or .

Write about yourself.

8 Using imperatives
Come in. Don’t wait outside. Put the medicine in a cup and then add hot water.

Take the first road on the right and walk to the next crossroads .



Use • • The imperative is used for signs and notices. It is used for orders and instructions. • • It is used for directions. It is used for invitations.

Form • The verb goes at the beginning of the sentence. There is no noun or pronoun in front of it.

Sequencing words
• We can show the order of instructions and directions by

+ -

Turn left at the traffic lights. Go straight on. Don’t leave a mess. Don’t worry about it.

using these sequencing words. first next . then

Here are some instructions for how to make tea First boil some water. Then put the water in a cup with a tea bag.} Next take the tea bag out. Then add milk. Write the instructions we use in the classroom.


Fill in the gaps with how much and how many.

bread is there? There is a kilo of bread.

students are there? There are four students.

cheese is there? There is half kilo of cheese.

Fill in the table below with some and any

ESOL Entry 1

Rules and tools

9 Prepositions of time – When?
Use Different prepositions are used with different time periods. season, year, month e.g. December Spring, Summer 1994 the morning the evening


My birthday is in December. I came to England in the Spring. My son was born in 1994. Meet me in the morning.


a day or part of a day e.g. Thursday Wednesday morning Saturday the twentieth of May New Year’s Day

See you on Thursday . The next lesson is on Wednesday morning. Her birthday is on the twentieth of May. He was born on New year’s Day.


a particular time, mealtime, festival e.g. three o’clock lunchtime the week-end night

I arrive at three o’clock. Go there at lunchtime. See you at the weekend. I work at night.

These are other prepositions used to describe times. The doctor can’t see you until 2 o’clock. (He is busy before then.) I won’t get to the station before two. (But I will be there at two.) Can you meet me at about half past eight. (A little before or after half past eight is fine.) I’ll be in college after twelve. (Not before.) Please be at the bus stop by two thirty. (You can come a little earlier than two thirty but not later.) They are open from nine in the morning. (They open at nine and stay open for the rest of the day.)


ESOL Entry 1

1. The headquarters of the United Nations is New York. 2. In most countries people drive the right. 3. I usually buy a newspaper my way to work. 4. Last year we had a lovely skiing holiday the Swiss Alps. 5. San Francisco is the west coast of the United States. 6. She spends most of the day sitting the window. 7. The report about the accident was the front page of the newspaper. 8. In the theatre we had seats the front row. 9. Write the name and address the front page of the envelope. 10. It's dangerous to play football the streets. 11. I'll meet you the corner of the street at 10. 12. We got stuck in a traffic jam the way to the airport. 13. Look at the horses that field. 14. the end of the street is a path to our house. 15. Do you want sugar your coffee?

Rules and tools

ESOL Entry 1

Rules and tools

10 Prepositions of place – Where?
at Meet me at the café. at the station. at the bank. See you at home. at college. at work. on The book’s on my desk. The computer room is on the second floor. in The library is in D block. I live in a large town. It’s in the north of England. The hole-punch is in the drawer. next to The bank is next to the supermarket. There are ladies’ toilets next to the customer services desk. between The library is between the post office and the supermarket.

opposite The photocopier is opposite the door to the office. The bank is opposite the post office. under/below The wastepaper basket is under the table. The cleaning materials are below that shelf. over/above She lives in a flat above the chemist. The plane flew over the south coast.


ESOL Entry 1

Rules and tools


ESOL Entry 1 1.

Rules and tools

the picture, I can see a woman.
2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

The woman is sitting a table. She is sitting a chair. There is another chair the woman. Her feet are the table The woman is holding a cup her hands.

7.the table are a laptop, a paper, a calculator, an appointment calendar, two pens and a muffin.
8. 9.

The woman is looking her laptop. The woman's bag is the table.


ESOL Entry 1

Rules and tools

11 Numbers 1–100
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 one two three four five six seven eight nine ten eleven twelve thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteen twenty twenty -one twenty -two twenty-three first second third fourth fifth sixth seventh eighth ninth tenth eleventh twelfth thirteenth fourteenth fifteenth sixteenth seventeenth eighteenth nineteenth twentieth twenty -first twenty -second twenty-third 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 thirty forty fifty sixty seventy eighty ninety one hundred

thirtieth fortieth fiftieth sixtieth seventieth eightieth ninetieth one hundredth

Use numbers like first, second, third… for days of the month. His birthday is on July the fourteenth. Use first, second, third … like this: This is his fifth visit to the dentist this month. This is my first lesson.

The 24-hour clock The twenty-four hour clock is used on timetables. 12 midnight 1 am 2 am 3 am 4 am 5 am 6 am 7 am 8 am 9 am 10 am 11 am 2.30 am = 02.30 8.10 am = 08.10 00.00 01.00 02.00 03.00 04.00 05.00 06.00 07.00 08.00 09.00 10.00 11.00 12 noon 1 pm 2 pm 3 pm 4 pm 5 pm 6 pm 7 pm 8 pm 9 pm 10 pm 11 pm 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00

3.45 pm = 15.45 9.15 pm = 21.15


ESOL Entry 1

Existences: There is/ There are

Rules and tools

AFFIRMATIVE: There is + singular /uncountable noun There are + plural noun Fill in the blanks with There is / There are: 1. _______________________ a book on the table. 2. _______________________ some children in the street. 3. ________________________ some coffee in the cup. 4. _______________________ a cinema in Lake street. 5. _______________________ three pencils in the pencil case. 6. _______________________ a girl next to Tom. 7. _______________________ some students in the library. 8. _______________________ some milk in the fridge. 9. _______________________ a sofa in the living room. NEGATIVE: There isn’t + singular /uncountable noun There aren’t + plural noun Fill in the sentences with There isn’t / There aren’t 1. ______________________________ a cat in the garden. 2. ______________________________ any students in the classroom. 3. ______________________________ a cinema in my village. 4. ______________________________ any oranges in the bowl. 5. ______________________________ two bottles in the cupboard. 6. ______________________________ a sofa in the kitchen. 7. ______________________________ a boy in the hall. 8. ______________________________ any carrots in the fridge. 9. ______________________________ pubs in my village. INTERROGATIVE: Is there + singular /uncountable noun? Are there + plural noun? Fill in the sentences with Is there/ Are there? 1. _____________________________ any shops in your town? 2. _____________________________ any juice in the glass? 3. _____________________________ any children in the swimming pool? 4. _____________________________ a dog in the kennel? 5. _____________________________ any dictionaries in the library? 6. _____________________________ a TV in the living room? 7. _____________________________ any shoes on the floor? 8. _____________________________ a car in front of your house? 9. _____________________________ any restaurants in your suburb?


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