WHEN A CLIENT CHANGES ARCHITECTS Suggested Wording for Indemnification

OBJECTIVE You may wish to attempt to reduce your exposure to liability by seeking indemnification from the client when your services are terminated or when you are being engaged to continue a project previously commenced by another architect.

6e
FEBRUARY 2001

PROCEDURE Review the appendices in this Practice Bulletin and, if applicable to your situation, reduce your exposure to liability by writing the appropriate letter to and obtaining indemnification from your client. Remember that you cannot contract out of third party liability and that whatever indemnity you obtain is only as good as the client's ability to fulfill the obligation.

BACKGROUND If your services have been terminated, you may believe it unreasonable to expect that you may be held liable for someone else misinterpreting your documents, making changes to the project, or in some cases, proceeding with work that may contain errors but is not dealt with in a manner that would have allowed for timely correction. If you are continuing with work that was commenced by another architect, depending on the stage of development and circumstances you may believe it unreasonable to expect you to be held liable for all of the preceding work.

Len Brown, Practice Review Board

Definitions Architect also taken to mean Licensed Interior Designer

Practice Bulletins are issued by the Council of The Alberta Association of Architects as a practice resource or as general interpretations of the requirements in the Architects Act, the Regulations under the Act, and the By-laws. Bulletins should be read in conjunction with the Act, Regulations and By-laws and in no way supercede these documents. Bulletins are not intended to be and are not legal advice to the Members of the Association. Members should consult their own legal, income tax or financial advisors as to the application of the Architects Act and Regulations in specific circumstances.

3. Have client sign your letter back as a condition of termination . 2. 2. 4. Do not forget to notify the Building Department that you are no longer the architect responsible for general review during construction.Page 1 of 4 APPENDIX A Termination Letter (from architect to client) 1. . include: I will not be liable for: 1. The failure of the contractor to complete any work that was being done to remedy or correct any discrepancy. Any actions taken by consultants subsequent to my termination that result in any alteration or change in the work. error or omission that may exist in my work to the date of my termination which I am now unable to remedy or cause to be corrected. Any failure of the contractor or sub-contractors to carry out the work in accordance with the contract documents or any misinterpretation of the requirements of the contract documents. obtain "Release and Indemnity" . 3.recognize that any indemnification is only as good as the client's financial ability to carry it through. error or omission at the time of my termination.better still. When confirming termination of your services. Any discrepancy.

the receipt and sufficiency whereof is hereby irrevocably acknowledged. which may arise. That (name of architect) shall not be responsible for any damages. AND WHEREAS the parties have agreed to terminate the services of (name of architect). (name of client) for good and valuable consideration. specifically Drawings entitled. 4. (to be signed by client) 2. entered into a written contract dated (name of architect) in connection with (the "project"). (name of architect) in connection with any and all actions. . . including any changes or deviations resulting from any misinterpretation of the Architectural Drawings. and that (name of architect) has provided the Architectural Drawings only in connection with the project and that (name of architect) has no obligation to provide any further services to (name of client). and agrees to defend. This Release and Indemnity ensures to the benefit of (name of architect). his/her agents and employees. Dated: . including changes or deviations resulting) from misinterpretation of the Architectural Drawings. claims and demands of every nature or kind whatsoever including any claims by third parties. or revisions (from the design prepared by (name of architect). (name of architect) has prepared certain drawings in (drawing numbers) and last revised AND WHEREAS the project has not yet been constructed (or state status). deviations. as well as their respective successors and assigns. dated (date) (the "Architectural Drawings").Page 2 of 4 APPENDIX B RELEASE AND INDEMNITY (when Architect's services being terminated) WHEREAS to retain the architectural services of a project located at AND WHEREAS connection with the project. deficiencies or claims whatsoever arising from any changes made to (architect's name)'s design made either before or during construction of the project. (Name of client) hereby undertakes and convenants to indemnify and hold harmless. (client). (name of architect)'s services in connection with the project terminated as of (date). causes of action. By agreement of the parties. 3. or be made against (name of architect) in connection with any changes. hereby acknowledges and confirms the following: 1. and shall be binding on (name of client) and their respective successors and assigns.

fees expenses or otherwise as a result of any action. indemnity or and other relief. omission default or negligent act or any other act whatsoever done or permitted by (Former Architect) then (client) agrees to make no claim against (Architect) with respect thereto for contribution. default or negligent act. IN WITNESS WHEREOF the parties have hereunto set their hands and seals this of . suit or proceeding is taken against (Client) arising out of any error. default or negligent act or any act whatsoever done or permitted by (Former Architect) in the performance of architectural services or the exercise or intended exercise of any duty. or any other act whatsoever done or permitted by (Former Architect) in the performance of architectural services or the exercise or intended exercise of any duty. SEALED AND DELIVERED In the Presence of: ) ) ) day Witness (Client) Witness (Client) Page 4 of 4 We gratefully acknowledge the Ontario Association of Architects for permission to use and modify this Practice Bulletin . (Client) hereby agrees to pay all sums which (Architect) becomes liable to pay whether as damages. omission. administrators. his/her heirs. SIGNED. suit or proceeding that is brought. successors and assigns against any and all liability arising out of or in respect of any error. 20--. interest. out of or is in respect of any alleged errors. costs. suit or proceeding against (Architect) arises in whole or in part.Page 3 of 4 APPENDIX C AGREEMENT TO SAVE HARMLESS AND INDEMNIFY (when architect is taking over project from another architect) (Client) hereby agrees to save harmless and indemnify (Architect). act or deed by (Former Architect) for or on behalf of (Client). If any action. commenced or prosecuted against (Architect) provided such action. omission. act or deed by (Former Architect) for or on behalf of (Client). executors.

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