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Lesson 1 Creation c. 4004 BC

Day 1 Night and day

Day 2 heaven or firmament

Day 3 seas and earth: grass and trees

Day 4 sun, moon, stars

Day 5 sea creatures and birds

Day 6 animals and man

Day 7 God rested

moon, stars Day 5 sea creatures and birds Day 6 animals and man Day 7 God
moon, stars Day 5 sea creatures and birds Day 6 animals and man Day 7 God

Lesson 2 Adam and Eve c. 4004 BC

God created the first two people, parents to Cain and Abel.

Adam lived to be over 900 years old.

When they sinned, they were ashamed. Sin and death entered the world; man was cursed to work; woman was cursed with birth pains.

entered the world; man was cursed to work; woman was cursed with birth pains. The Mystery
entered the world; man was cursed to work; woman was cursed with birth pains. The Mystery

Lesson 3 Jubal and Tubal-Cain (10 Generations After Adam)

Jubal was the father of all who play harp and flute; he was a musician.

Tubal-Cain was the father of bronze work and iron making.

he was a musician. Tubal-Cain was the father of bronze work and iron making. The Mystery
he was a musician. Tubal-Cain was the father of bronze work and iron making. The Mystery

Lesson 4 Noah and the Worldwide Flood c. 2349

BC

8 people were on the ark: Ham, Shem, and Japheth, their wives, and Mr. and Mrs. Noah; they had never seen rain before the flood. The earth grew colder after the flood. Noah helped to save the human race and all the animals. God gave the rainbow as a sign of His promise to never flood the entire earth again.

gave the rainbow as a sign of His promise to never flood the entire earth again.
gave the rainbow as a sign of His promise to never flood the entire earth again.

Lesson 5 The Ice Age c. 2300-1600 BC

The Ice Age ended slowly, lasting about 1000

years. Humanity lived through it.

of the earth were covered with glaciers. We don’t know the exact date. Exposed land bridges allowed humans and animals to travel from continent to continent.

Only portions

allowed humans and animals to travel from continent to continent. Only portions The Mystery of History,
allowed humans and animals to travel from continent to continent. Only portions The Mystery of History,

Lesson 6 Dinosaurs

Dinosaurs were created on the 5 th and 6 th days of Creation.

Most dinosaurs died after the worldwide flood. The word “dinosaur” means terrible lizard; Mary Mantell discovered the first tooth fossil in modern times.

lizard ” ; Mary Mantell discovered the first tooth fossil in modern times. The Mystery of
lizard ” ; Mary Mantell discovered the first tooth fossil in modern times. The Mystery of

Lesson 7 The Sumerians c. 2300 BC

Sumer was located in the Fertile Crescent, which is the land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Sumer was also called Mesopotamia. The people had running water, schools, and a written language using a wedge-shaped alphabet called cuneiform writing; they built flattened pyramids called ziggurats. This was an early civilization that appeared after the Flood.

called ziggurats. This was an early civilization that appeared after the Flood. The Mystery of History,
called ziggurats. This was an early civilization that appeared after the Flood. The Mystery of History,

Lesson 8 The Tower of Babel c. 2242 BC

Located in Mesopotamia, Babelmeans confusion”. The true story is found in Genesis. The people had incredible intelligence and knowledge, and decided they would build a tower to heaven and their gods. God destroyed this tower and scattered the people by instantly causing them to speak in many languages so they had to form people groups based on their languages.

in many languages so they had to form people groups based on their languages. The Mystery
in many languages so they had to form people groups based on their languages. The Mystery

Lesson 9 The Epic of Gilgamesh c. 2000 BC

Epic = a long poem. The Epic of Gilgamesh is a fictional story about creation and a flood. Gilgamesh is the king in the story. Utnapishtim built a great ship covered with pitch. Gilgamesh fell asleep under a tree, and then awoke to find that eternal life had been stolen by a snake. Worldwide, there are over 270 flood stories that exist.

been stolen by a snake. Worldwide, there are over 270 flood stories that exist. The Mystery
been stolen by a snake. Worldwide, there are over 270 flood stories that exist. The Mystery

Quarter 2 ~ Lesson 10 Stonehenge c. 2000 BC

Stonehenge is a structure made of huge rocks,

also called a megalith.

mark the summer and winter solstices or seasons, as well as used for other purposes that we don’t entirely know.

Stonehenge was used to

used for other purposes that we don’t entirely know. Stonehenge was used to The Mystery of
used for other purposes that we don’t entirely know. Stonehenge was used to The Mystery of

Lesson 11 Early Egyptians 3 rd and 4 th Centuries BC

King Khufu decided to he wanted to be buried in a

pyramid-type of structure, so pyramids were built as

tombs.

Wonders of the world.

Kheops’ pyramid is one of the Seven Ancient

During the process of mummification, the brain was thrown away and the heart was preserved because they thought that was what man used to think.

the heart was preserved because they thought that was what man used to think. The Mystery
the heart was preserved because they thought that was what man used to think. The Mystery

Lesson 12 The Minoan Civilization 2000 BC

According to legend, the King kept a minotaur which is a half-bull, half-man creature for a dangerous sport called bull leaping”. He also built the palace of Knossos. The Minoan civilization was located on the island of Crete, which is a stepping stone between Asia and Europe.

on the island of Crete, which is a stepping stone between Asia and Europe. The Mystery
on the island of Crete, which is a stepping stone between Asia and Europe. The Mystery

Lesson 13 Abraham 1922 BC

Abraham’s name means “father of a great nation”. Abraham left Ur in the country of Sumer to go where God told him. He married Hagar, and she gave birth to Ishmael; He was father to Isaac by his wife, Sarah. Abraham’s nephew, Lot, was told to leave Sodom and Gomorrah.

wife, Sarah. Abraham’s nephew, Lot, was told to leave Sodom and Gomorrah. The Mystery of History,
wife, Sarah. Abraham’s nephew, Lot, was told to leave Sodom and Gomorrah. The Mystery of History,

Lesson 14 Jacob and Esau 1836 BC

Jacob worked 7 years for Rachel but was given Leah instead for his bride. He worked 7 more years in order to marry Rachel. Jacob and his two wives had 12 sons; Joseph, one of their sons, was loved most by Rebekah, his mom. Jacob’s was changed to Israel, so the Israelites received their name from Jacob (Israel). Esau (Jacob’s twin brother) was a hairy redhead; he was loved most by Isaac, his father. Esau’s descendants became known as the Edomites.

most by Isaac, his father. Esau’s descendants became known as the Edomites. The Mystery of History,
most by Isaac, his father. Esau’s descendants became known as the Edomites. The Mystery of History,

Lesson 15 Joseph 1728 BC

Joseph was the son of Jacob and Rachel. He was thrown into a well and then sold into slavery by his brothers; Rachel died in childbirth with Benjamin, Joseph’s youngest brother. While in slavery in Egypt, Joseph was accused by Potipher’s wife and was sent to prison. Later, he saved his own family from dying during the drought. His family moved to Egypt at his request.

family from dying during the drought. His family moved to Egypt at his request. The Mystery
family from dying during the drought. His family moved to Egypt at his request. The Mystery

Lesson 16 Hammurabi 1792 BC

Hammurabi was known for writing a code of 300 laws, one which included a minimum wage to pay workers.

writing a code of 300 laws, one which included a minimum wage to pay workers. The
writing a code of 300 laws, one which included a minimum wage to pay workers. The

Lesson 17 The Israelites in Slavery

date unknown

While the Israelites were slaves in Egypt, they made bricks for large building projects. The Israelites increased in number and called themselves Hebrews. They were enslaved for about 400 years in Egypt before the Exodus.

Hebrews. They were enslaved for about 400 years in Egypt before the Exodus. The Mystery of
Hebrews. They were enslaved for about 400 years in Egypt before the Exodus. The Mystery of

Lesson 18 China and the Shang Dynasty c. 1600- 1046 BC

A dynasty is a term for a family that rules a country; Xia was the first, Shang the second in China (about 600 years). During the Shang Dynasty, they developed an alphabet with more than 50,000 figures. China is cut off from other countries by the natural barriers of mountains, desert and oceans.

from other countries by the natural barriers of mountains, desert and oceans. The Mystery of History,
from other countries by the natural barriers of mountains, desert and oceans. The Mystery of History,

Quarter 3 ~ Lesson 19 Moses and the Exodus 1491 BC

“Moses” means “to draw out”. Idolatry (false worship) was the type of religion in Egypt. The Passover lamb rituals began during the Exodus; the story is found in the book of Exodus.

lamb rituals began during the Exodus; the story is found in the book of Exodus. The
lamb rituals began during the Exodus; the story is found in the book of Exodus. The

Lesson 20 The Ark of the covenant and the Tabernacle 1491 BC

The Tabernacle was a worship tent used while in the wilderness. The High Priest was only allowed in the Holy of Holies on the Day of Atonement. The Tabernacle contained symbols that represent Christ. It had 3 main divisions, and it was a dwelling place for God; used for 40 years.

had 3 main divisions, and it was a dwelling place for God; used for 40 years.
had 3 main divisions, and it was a dwelling place for God; used for 40 years.

Lesson 21 Joshua, Jericho, and Rahab 1451 BC

During Joshua’s battle at the city of Jericho, the men marched around the city for 6 days and shouted on the 7 th day, and the walls of Jericho fell down!

Rahab protected the Hebrew spies from the men of Jericho, so she and her family were rescued.

the Hebrew spies from the men of Jericho, so she and her family were rescued. The
the Hebrew spies from the men of Jericho, so she and her family were rescued. The

Lesson 22 Amenhotep IV and Nefertiti 1353 BC

Egyptians worshipped only one sun god; Amenhotep gave himself a new name, Akhenatonwhich meant pious servant of Aten”. They lived during the Early New Kingdom in Egypt.

pious servant of Aten ”. They lived during the Early New Kingdom in Egypt. The Mystery
pious servant of Aten ”. They lived during the Early New Kingdom in Egypt. The Mystery

Lesson 23 King Tut

1333 BC

King Tut’s coffin had 4 layers. The third was made of 2,500 pounds of gold. His tomb was discovered in 1922 by Howard Carter; Tut had married the daughter of Nefertiti as a boy.

in 1922 by Howard Carter; Tut had married the daughter of Nefertiti as a boy. The
in 1922 by Howard Carter; Tut had married the daughter of Nefertiti as a boy. The

Lesson 24 Ramses II (the Great) 1304-1237 BC

Ramses II was the Pharaoh of the Later New Kingdom. He was known as a great builder. He built the temple at Abu Simbel and the Great Hall at Karnack. Eventually, a lack of iron for building weapons led to the decline of Egypt.

Eventually, a lack of iron for building weapons led to the decline of Egypt. The Mystery
Eventually, a lack of iron for building weapons led to the decline of Egypt. The Mystery

Lesson 25 Legend of the Trojan Horse c. 1200-1184 BC

A legend written by Homer about a war over Helen that lasted over 10 years. In this legend, a giant wooden horse was built by the Greeks and delivered as a gift to the Trojans. The Trojans looked at this as a victory and celebrated. That night, after the celebration, the soldiers who were hiding inside the giant horse snuck out and opened the gates for more soldiers and killed the Trojans. A man named Schliemann found evidence of the ancient city of Troy.

the Trojans. A man named Schliemann found evidence of the ancient city of Troy. The Mystery
the Trojans. A man named Schliemann found evidence of the ancient city of Troy. The Mystery

Lesson 26 Ruth and Naomi c. 1200 BC

Ruth was married to Naomi’s son. When he died, Ruth devoted herself to Naomi and moved to Naomi’s hometown with her. Because Ruth’s husband had died, the nearest male relative had the duty to act as a kinsmen-redeemer and marry the widow. Boaz was a rich man who was Ruth’s kinsmen redeemer.

and marry the widow. Boaz was a rich man who was Ruth’s kinsmen redeemer . The
and marry the widow. Boaz was a rich man who was Ruth’s kinsmen redeemer . The

Lesson 27 Gideon 1199 BC

Gideon was a judge over Israel. God called him to form an army of 300 men to fight the Midianites. His men were to take horns, torches, and clay pots and surround the Midianites in the middle of the night. All at once, they were to blow the horns, break the pots, and raise the torches. The Midianites were so afraid that some of them killed themselves while others fled.

were so afraid that some of them killed themselves while others fled. The Mystery of History,
were so afraid that some of them killed themselves while others fled. The Mystery of History,

Quarter 4 ~ Lesson 28 Samson 1117 BC

Samson was a Hebrew judge betrayed to the Philistines by Delilah, his wife, who deceived him and cut his hair. He was a Nazarite, which meant he had 3 vows: never drink alcohol, never touch something dead, and never cut his hair. He had great strength. He was called by God to fight the Philistines. He was put in prison but ended up killing many Philistines when he pushed the pillars down.

prison but ended up killing many Philistines when he pushed the pillars down. The Mystery of
prison but ended up killing many Philistines when he pushed the pillars down. The Mystery of

Lesson 29 Zhou (Chou) Dynasty c. 1046-256 BC

This dynasty was formed after the Shang dynasty was overthrown by King Wen’s son, King Wu. The Zhou Dynasty was divided into the Eastern and Western dynasties. They believed in a Mandate of Heaven that would make them victorious but could be taken away if they acted badly. This dynasty lasted about 800 years.

could be taken away if they acted badly. This dynasty lasted about 800 years. The Mystery
could be taken away if they acted badly. This dynasty lasted about 800 years. The Mystery

Lesson 30 Samuel 1095 BC

Samuel’s mother, Hannah, dedicated him as a child, to God. Samuel went to live at the temple with Eli as a boy. He heard from God as a child and grew up to be a prophet/judge who anointed Saul the first king of Israel. Samuel was the last judge over Israel.

anointed Saul the first king of Israel. Samuel was the last judge over Israel. The Mystery
anointed Saul the first king of Israel. Samuel was the last judge over Israel. The Mystery

Lesson 31 King Saul

1095 BC

Saul was the first king of Israel. He started out in an honorable way but then turned his heart against God. King Saul first met David when David came to sing for him. He later began to hate David. Saul was anointed by Samuel, the last judge over Israel.

began to hate David. Saul was anointed by Samuel, the last judge over Israel. The Mystery
began to hate David. Saul was anointed by Samuel, the last judge over Israel. The Mystery

Lesson 32 David

1055 BC

As a young man, David killed a bear with his hands to protect his flock of sheep. Later, he killed Goliath when no one else would fight him. David became a great king. He is described by God as a man after God’s own heart; David wrote many of the Psalms.

by God as a man after God’s own heart; David wrote many of the Psalms. The
by God as a man after God’s own heart; David wrote many of the Psalms. The

Lesson 33 Solomon 1015 BC

Solomon was King David’s son. Solomon asked God for wisdom. He wrote the books of Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon, and most of Proverbs. His greatest downfall was his love for women.

of Solomon, and most of Proverbs. His greatest downfall was his love for women. The Mystery
of Solomon, and most of Proverbs. His greatest downfall was his love for women. The Mystery

Lesson 34 The Phoenicians c. 1000 BC

The Phoenicians were known for their alphabet, from which our alphabet came. They invented and perfected the process of making glass, and they also made large amounts of red/purple dye from a certain type of rotten snails.

also made large amounts of red/purple dye from a certain type of rotten snails. The Mystery
also made large amounts of red/purple dye from a certain type of rotten snails. The Mystery

Lesson 35 The Kingdom of Israel Divides

975 BC

After Solomon’s reign, his son Rehoboam was cruel to the people while he reigned. Ten of the tribes rebelled and selected their own king, Jeroboam. The Northern Kingdom was led by Jeroboam and kept the name Israel; the capital was Samaria. The Southern Kingdom was led by Rehoboam and was called Judah; the capital was Jerusalem.

Kingdom was led by Rehoboam and was called Judah; the capital was Jerusalem. The Mystery of
Kingdom was led by Rehoboam and was called Judah; the capital was Jerusalem. The Mystery of

Lesson 36 Elijah

896 BC

Elijah was a prophet to the Northern Kingdom during the reign of King Ahab. For three years, it didn’t rain until Elijah prayed to God for rain. Elijah also called down fire from heaven to light a sacrifice on Mount Carmel. Elijah was nearly killed by Jezebel after that. However, Elijah didn’t die as all humans die; God took him to heaven in a chariot of fire.

didn’t die as all humans die; God took him to heaven in a chariot of fire.
didn’t die as all humans die; God took him to heaven in a chariot of fire.

Lesson 37 Elisha 895 BC

Elisha received Elijah’s anointing from God to be the next prophet. He performed many miracles (like Jesus): Pools of water; healing of Naaman’s leprosy; raised to life the Shunamite woman’s son. He was buried too close to another man and that man came back to life.

son. He was buried too close to another man and that man came back to life.
son. He was buried too close to another man and that man came back to life.

Lesson 38 Joel and Obadiah Unknown; 587 BC

Exact Date

Joel was a prophet to Judah, the Southern Kingdom. He wrote parts of the Bible during a locust plague.

Obadiah spoke to the Edomites, who were descendents of Esau. Edomites were wiped out because they didn’t worship the one true God.

Esau. Edomites were wiped out because they didn’t worship the one tr ue God. The Mystery
Esau. Edomites were wiped out because they didn’t worship the one tr ue God. The Mystery

39 Homer c. 800 BC

Homer was a blind bard from Greece. A bard is a person who writes epics and retells them as a form of historical entertainment and passing on the knowledge of a culture.

a form of historical entertainment and passing on the knowledge of a culture. The Mystery of
a form of historical entertainment and passing on the knowledge of a culture. The Mystery of

Lesson 40 India and Hinduism

Date Unknown

Their epics are called Vedas. The law of Karma is a belief in rebirth after death into other people and animals (called reincarnation). The caste system was used in India: 4 classes of people were created because of the prejudice between the light-skinned Aryans and dark-skinned Dravidians. Their primary religion is Hinduism.

Aryans and dark-skinned Dravidians. Their primary religion is Hinduism. The Mystery of History, Volume 1 Page
Aryans and dark-skinned Dravidians. Their primary religion is Hinduism. The Mystery of History, Volume 1 Page

Lesson 41 Olympic Games 776 BC

The Olympic Games was an athletic competition started in Greece to honor the Greek god, Zeus. While it began as foot races run in the nude, it later included a pentathlon event featuring 5 events.

races run in the nude, it later included a pentathlon event featuring 5 events. The Mystery
races run in the nude, it later included a pentathlon event featuring 5 events. The Mystery

Lesson 42 Jonah and Amos c. 760 BC; 808 BC

Jonah was called by God to tell Nineveh to repent from their wickedness, but instead, Jonah tried to hide in Tarshish from God. Jonah ended up in the belly of a great fish, and he was the first prophet to Nineveh after the fish spit him out.

Amos, the prophet, was a fig farmer who lived in Judah but was told by God to go to Israel to speak for Him. Unlike Jonah, he obeyed; he was kicked out of the city by the priest.

for Him. Unlike Jonah, he obeyed; he was kicked out of the city by the priest.
for Him. Unlike Jonah, he obeyed; he was kicked out of the city by the priest.

Lesson 43 The City of Rome 748 BC

Rome was a city founded by the Etruscans and Latins on the plain of the Tiber River. The language they spoke was called Latin. Wishing on a wish bone was a tradition that started here!

Rome would later become one of the world’s largest empires.

started here! Rome would later become one of the world’s largest empires. The Mystery of History,
started here! Rome would later become one of the world’s largest empires. The Mystery of History,

Lesson 44 Isaiah and Micah (Judah’s Prophets)

740 BC; 735 BC

Isaiah was a well-educated prophet of Judah. He wrote a book of the Bible that resembles a small Bible in itself because of its length and format.

Micah was a prophet known for the prophecy of where Jesus would be born; by trade, he was a farmer.

known for the prophecy of where Jesus would be born; by trade, he was a farmer.
known for the prophecy of where Jesus would be born; by trade, he was a farmer.

Lesson 45 Israel falls to Assyria 721 BC

27,290 Israelites were deported from Israel to Assyria and were replaced by foreigners called Samaritans. The Israelites were deported because of their refusal to honor, obey, and follow God.

were deported because of their refusal to honor, obey, and follow God. The Mystery of History,
were deported because of their refusal to honor, obey, and follow God. The Mystery of History,

Lesson 46 Hosea (Israel’s Prophet) c. 721 BC

Hosea was a prophet of Israel. Hosea spoke for God, telling the people not to sin and that God loved them. God told him to marry a harlot named Gomer who was unfaithful to him but Hosea still loved her, as a picture of God’s faithfulness to Israel despite their sin as a nation.

as a picture of God’s faithfulness to Israel despite their sin as a nation. The Mystery
as a picture of God’s faithfulness to Israel despite their sin as a nation. The Mystery

Lesson 47 Hezekiah and Sennacherib 701 BC

Hezekiah was one of the good kings of Judah. He turned to God and asked for help when Sennacherib, king of Assyria, tried to conquer Judah.

and asked for help when Sennacherib, king of Assyria, tried to conquer Judah. The Mystery of
and asked for help when Sennacherib, king of Assyria, tried to conquer Judah. The Mystery of

Lesson 48 Ancient Native Americans c. 700 BC

4 major groups of native Americans:

1) Paleo Indians: roamed NA as far back as 5000 BC. Followed herds of animals for food and skins.

2) Archaic Indians: more settled, dried their meat and harvested grain.

2) Archaic Indians : more settled, dried their meat and harvested grain. The Mystery of History,
2) Archaic Indians : more settled, dried their meat and harvested grain. The Mystery of History,

(Lesson 48 - Ancient Native Americans, Card 2)

3) Adena Indians: farmed, made pottery, built burial mounds.

4) Hopewell Indians: built many mounds, earning themselves the name Mound Builders, farmed corn and tobacco; Great Serpent Mound is located in Ohio.

Builders ” , farmed corn and tobacco; Great Serpent Mound is located in Ohio. The Mystery
Builders ” , farmed corn and tobacco; Great Serpent Mound is located in Ohio. The Mystery

Lesson 49 The Rise of Athens and Sparta c. 700- 500 BC

Athens and Sparta were two city-states in Greece that were constantly at odds. Athenians loved drama, music, and all forms of art. They believed in education and had great schools of thinking. A huge rocky hill called the Acropolis (which means High City) overlooks Athens. The Parthenon is built here.

(which means High City) overlooks Athens. The Parthenon is built here. The Mystery of History, Volume
(which means High City) overlooks Athens. The Parthenon is built here. The Mystery of History, Volume

(Lesson 49 The Rise of Athens and Sparta, Card

2)

The city of Sparta was strong because their members believed in training men for battle. The Spartans lived very strict lives, feared their neighbors, and taught their children to be tough.

strict lives, feared their neighbors, and taught their children to be tough. The Mystery of History,
strict lives, feared their neighbors, and taught their children to be tough. The Mystery of History,

Lesson 50 Manasseh 677 BC

Mannasseh was the king of Judah, son of Hezekiah. He depended on the counsel of older men to rule the country since he was only 12 when he began to reign. He was one of the worst kings. When he was captured by the king of the Assyrians, he turned to God and God forgave him. He spent the rest of his days trying to repair the damage he had done to Judah.

He spent the rest of his days trying to repair the damage he had done to
He spent the rest of his days trying to repair the damage he had done to

Lesson 51 The Powers of Mesopotamia 668-626 BC

The Assyrians and Babylonians ruled this area. The Assyrians spoke Aramaic and were great warriors. The Babylonians were excellent mathematicians.

Aramaic and were great warriors. The Babylonians were excellent mathematicians. The Mystery of History, Volume 1
Aramaic and were great warriors. The Babylonians were excellent mathematicians. The Mystery of History, Volume 1

Lesson 52 King Josiah 630 BC

Josiah was a godly king of Judah, destroying false idols and alters to Baal. He restored Solomon’s temple and discovered the Book of the Law, which he had it read aloud to the people. He died at the age of 39.

of the Law, which he had it read aloud to the people. He died at the
of the Law, which he had it read aloud to the people. He died at the

Lesson 53 Nahum and Zephaniah 630 BC; 629 BC

Nahum, the 2 nd prophet to Nineveh, wrote a book of the Bible to warn the people of Nineveh of their wickedness. He lived during the reign of Josiah; his name means “comfort.

Zephaniah was prophet during the reign of Josiah, but his message was to Jerusalem who appeared to be loyal to God but inwardly they were lost; was the great-great- grandson of Hezekiah and cousin to Josiah.

they were lost; was the great-great- grandson of Hezekiah and cousin to Josiah. The Mystery of
they were lost; was the great-great- grandson of Hezekiah and cousin to Josiah. The Mystery of

Lesson 54 Jeremiah (Judah’s Prophet) 629 BC

Jeremiah lived during the reign of the last 5 kings of Judah, before the nation collapsed. He was forbidden twice from preaching. He wrote the book of Lamentations. He was known as the weeping prophet. He used a filthy waistcloth to display the sin of Judah. He endured many trials including being put in prison, exile, and being locked in stocks.

many trials including being put in prison, exile, and being locked in stocks. The Mystery of
many trials including being put in prison, exile, and being locked in stocks. The Mystery of

Lesson 55 Nineveh destroyed 626 BC

Niniveh was located near the Tigris River. Nineveh was founded after the flood by Nimrod, Noah’s great grandson. Ninevah ad a 100 ft. wall with high towers so wide that 3 chariots could ride on top of it. A huge flood that had been prophesied caused part of the wall to erode and collapse.

flood that had been prophesied caused part of the wall to erode and collapse. The Mystery
flood that had been prophesied caused part of the wall to erode and collapse. The Mystery

Lesson 56 Habakkuk and Huldah 609 BC; 7 th Century BC

God enabled Habakkuk to write about the sin of the people in the book of Habakkuk, found in the Bible. God told him He had a plan to use the Chaldeans (Babylonians) to get Israel’s attention; Habakkuk lived in Judah. Huldah was a prophetess (woman prophet) who verified that the Book of the Law that Josiah found was real.

prophet) who verified that the Book of the Law that Josiah found was real. The Mystery
prophet) who verified that the Book of the Law that Josiah found was real. The Mystery

Lesson 57 The Babylonian Captivity 605, 599, 588 BC

Nebuchadnezzar II, king of Babylon, captured Judah’s king, Jehoikim. He also took Daniel and some other youths as slaves. It took 3 sieges before Judah completely fell. The last king of Judah before the complete takeover by Babylon was Zedekiah. Zedekiah watched his sons be killed and then he was blinded.

was Zedekiah. Zedekiah watched his sons be killed and then he was blinded. The Mystery of
was Zedekiah. Zedekiah watched his sons be killed and then he was blinded. The Mystery of

Lesson 58 Nebuchadnezzar II and the Hanging Gardens 605 BC; 570 BC

Nebuchadnezzar II was a great builder. He built the Ishtar Gate which was made of blue, glazed brick with pictures of lions and dragons on it. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon was a huge ziggurat with plants and trees covering it. It is one of the 7 Wonders of the Ancient World.

Nebuchadnezzar II was driven mad by God and had to live like an animal for 7 years because of his pride. His hair became like eagle feathers and his nails like bird claws.

his pride. His hair became like eagle feathers and his nails like bird claws. The Mystery
his pride. His hair became like eagle feathers and his nails like bird claws. The Mystery

Lesson 59 Daniel 604 BC

Daniel was carried away as a youth (14-15) to Babylon during the first siege. They were forced to eat the king’s food, but Daniel and his friends asked to eat fruits and vegetables and became stronger. He was thrown into the lion’s den for not praying to the king. Danial saw many visions from God, including seeing the 4 great empires; his Babylonian name was Belteshazzar.

including seeing the 4 great empires; his Babylonian name was Belteshazzar. The Mystery of History, Volume
including seeing the 4 great empires; his Babylonian name was Belteshazzar. The Mystery of History, Volume

Lesson 60 Aesop’s Fables c. 600 BC

Aesop was a slave in Greece who was a master story teller. He used fables about animals to teach moral lessons. He was eventually murdered by the people of Delphi.

to teach moral lessons. He was eventually murdered by the people of Delphi. The Mystery of
to teach moral lessons. He was eventually murdered by the people of Delphi. The Mystery of

Lesson 61 Ezekiel 595 BC

Ezekiel was carried into captivity in Babylon as a young man. He lived along the Chebar River. Five years later, he became a prophet whom God gave a vision and told him to eat a scroll. He prophesied over a valley of dry bones and they came to life. Saw a “wheel within a wheel.

valley of dry bones and they came to life. Saw a “wheel within a wheel .
valley of dry bones and they came to life. Saw a “wheel within a wheel .

Lesson 62 Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego Mid-6 th Century BC

These young men were friends of Daniel who were also taken captive. They refused to bow to Nebuchadnezzar II and were thrown into a furnace but didn’t die because God protected them. These are their new names of Babylonian gods; their real names were Hananiah, Mishael, Azariah.

new names of Babylonian gods; their real names were Hananiah, Mishael, Azariah. The Mystery of History,
new names of Babylonian gods; their real names were Hananiah, Mishael, Azariah. The Mystery of History,

Lesson 63 Buddha c. 563 BC

Buddha was born in 563 to a wealthy family in India. As an adult, he sat under a tree for 7 days until he felt he was enlightened with the truth.” He changed his name to Buddha” which means “enlightened one.” He developed an 8-fold path that supposedly led to Nirvana…a state of mind that is supposed to bring peace.

supposedly led to Nir vana…a state of mind that is supposed to bring peace. The Mystery
supposedly led to Nir vana…a state of mind that is supposed to bring peace. The Mystery

Lesson 64 Pythagoras and the Temple of Diana 547 BC; 550 BC

Pythagoras developed the Pythagorean theory: a2 + b2= c2. He believed the earth was round, that numbers could explain everything, and that reincarnation existed. He was from Greece.

The Temple of Diana is another of the 7 Wonders of the Ancient World. It was a marble temple built as a monument to the goddess, Diana, also known as Artemis.

marble temple built as a monument to the goddess, Diana, also known as Artemis. The Mystery
marble temple built as a monument to the goddess, Diana, also known as Artemis. The Mystery

Lesson 65 Confucius 547 BC

Confucius was born in Lu, China, and was called Kung-Fu-tzu. He compiled a book called The Five Classics that included his ideas for making China a better place.

The Five Classics that included his ideas for making China a better place. The Mystery of
The Five Classics that included his ideas for making China a better place. The Mystery of

Lesson 66 Belshazzar and Cyrus the Great 539 BC; 538 BC

Belshazzar was put in charge by his father because his father liked archaeology better than being king. Belshazzar drank from the gold and silver goblets stolen from Solomon’s temple. At a feast he held, a hand appeared and wrote on the wall. Daniel interpreted the writing that told of Belshazzar’s death due to his disrespect toward God.

writing that told of Belshazzar’s death due to his disrespect toward God. The Mystery of History,
writing that told of Belshazzar’s death due to his disrespect toward God. The Mystery of History,

(Lesson 66 Belshazzar and Cyrus the Great, cont.)

Cyrus the Great invaded Babylon that night and killed Belshazzar; Cyrus was used by God to set the Jews free from the Babylonian Captivity.

Cyrus was used by God to set the Jews free from the Babylonian Captivity. The Mystery
Cyrus was used by God to set the Jews free from the Babylonian Captivity. The Mystery

Lesson 67 Darius I 522 BC

Darius ruled over the Medo-Persian Empire; his official title was “Shahanshah” which means “king of kings.” He organized the empire into 20 satrapies; introduced silver and gold coins; built better roads, and designed the 1 st postal service. Had words and pictures inscribed on a giant carving called the Behistun Rock. He was the father- in-law to Esther. Rediscovered and used the decree from Cyrus the Great to help the Jews fight off enemies and rebuild the temple.

from Cyrus the Great to help the Jews fight off enemies and rebuild the temple. The
from Cyrus the Great to help the Jews fight off enemies and rebuild the temple. The

Lesson 68 Zerubbabel 520 BC

Zerubbabel was a true servant of God. He was grandson of Jehoiachin, one of the last 3 kings of Judah. Zerubbabel was a governor of Judah who rebuilt the temple.

3 kings of Judah. Zerubbabel was a governor of Judah who rebuilt the temple. The Mystery
3 kings of Judah. Zerubbabel was a governor of Judah who rebuilt the temple. The Mystery

Lesson 69 Haggai and Zechariah 520 BC

Haggai was a prophet who helped Zerubbabel rebuild the temple; Haggai wrote the book of Haggai in the Bible to show that God could still work miracles and that God wanted to bless the people again.

Zechariah was a priest and prophet whose name means Jehovah remembers.His book of the Bible tells of 7 visions that reveal how much God loves His people. Zechariah prophesied the Lord’s coming to earth through Jesus Christ.

Zechariah prophesied the Lord’s coming to earth through Jesus Christ . The Mystery of History, Volume
Zechariah prophesied the Lord’s coming to earth through Jesus Christ . The Mystery of History, Volume

Lesson 70 The Roman Republic 510 BC

The Roman Republic developed so that one man wouldn’t have so much power. Two rulers called consulswere chosen. They had to agree on big decisions. They appointed men to a senate who gave advice to the consuls. There was a class system: patricians were the upper class, and plebeians were the lower class.

system: patricians were the upper class, and plebeians were the lower class. The Mystery of History,
system: patricians were the upper class, and plebeians were the lower class. The Mystery of History,

Lesson 71 The Battle of Marathon 490 BC

Darius I of Persia conquered Ionia on the coast of Turkey even though the nearby Greeks tried to help. He then marched over to the plain of Marathon, 25 miles from Athens, Greece, to try to fight them, too. The Greeks charged and ran the Persians back to their ships, defeating Darius I. In order to keep the Persians from trying to attack Athens, the leader of the Greek army sent their fastest runner, Pheidippides, to Athens to announce the victory. He gave the news and fell down dead. The term marathoncame to mean a long race of 26 miles.

down dead. The term “ marathon ” came to mean a long race of 26 miles.
down dead. The term “ marathon ” came to mean a long race of 26 miles.

Lesson 72 Herodotus c 484 BC

Herodotus was called the father of historybecause he studied and wrote about the events of the past and things going on around him. He was born in Ionia, Greece. Ionia is now known as Asia Minor or Turkey.

him. He was born in Ionia, Greece. Ionia is now known as Asia Minor or Turkey.
him. He was born in Ionia, Greece. Ionia is now known as Asia Minor or Turkey.

Lesson 73 Xerxes I 480 BC

Xerxes I was the son of Darius I. He hated the Greeks like his father; he wanted to have a surprise attack, so he lined up his boats side by side across the Hellespont and had a bridge placed on top of them so his army could cross over. This was called a floating bridge

on top of them so his army could cross over. This was called a floating bridge
on top of them so his army could cross over. This was called a floating bridge

Lesson 74 Esther

date unknown

Esther was a young Jewish orphan girl who lived with her cousin, Mordecai. She was chosen by Xerxes to be the new queen. She discovered a plot by Xerxes’ top aid, Haman, to kill the Jews, so she went before the king to plead for her people. The king granted her request and she was able to warn the Jews they were going to be killed, so they were prepared to fight and were spared. Jews today celebrate Purim to remember Esther.

to fight and were spared. Jews today celebrate Purim to remember Esther. The Mystery of History,
to fight and were spared. Jews today celebrate Purim to remember Esther. The Mystery of History,

Lesson 75 The Golden Age of Athens 478-399 BC

The Golden Age of Athens was also called the Golden Age of Greece. This was 50 great years in the history of Greece. Dionysia was an annual Greek theater event that was held. Great contributions from mathematicians, philosophers, scholars, doctors, and architects were made. The Parthenon was one of the greatest buildings built on top of the Acropolis in Athens.

was one of the greatest buildings built on top of the Acropolis in Athens. The Mystery
was one of the greatest buildings built on top of the Acropolis in Athens. The Mystery

Lesson 76 Socrates c 469-399 BC

Socrates was one of the greatest Greek philosophers who lived during the Golden Age. He was arrested for his teaching and was sentenced to death. His students tried to sneak him out of prison but failed. He was forced to commit suicide by drinking hemlock poison.

prison but failed. He was forced to commit suicide by drinking hemlock poison. The Mystery of
prison but failed. He was forced to commit suicide by drinking hemlock poison. The Mystery of

Lesson 77 Hippocrates and the Statue of Zeus ?- 377 BC; c. 456 BC

Hippocrates was named the father of medicine.” He began to approach medicine more scientifically than religiously. He held beliefs about the way doctors should care for patients that were written down and became known as the Hippocratic Oath. One belief was that woman would not get abortions.

as the Hippocratic Oath. One belief was that woman would not get abortions. The Mystery of
as the Hippocratic Oath. One belief was that woman would not get abortions. The Mystery of

(Lesson 77, Card 2: Hippocrates and the Statue of Zeus)

The statue of Zeus was also one of the other 7 Wonders of the Ancient World. Built by Phidias in Olympia, it was 40 feet high. Zeus was the “king” of the Greek gods. The statue stood for about 800 years but was burned in 476 AD.

the Greek gods. The statue stood for about 800 years but was burned in 476 AD.
the Greek gods. The statue stood for about 800 years but was burned in 476 AD.

Lesson 78 Ezra and Artaxerxes 467 BC

Jewish priest and scribe given permission to return to Judah by King Artaxerxes of Persia who was the son of Xerxes I. Artaxerxes’ nickname was Longimanus or “long-handedbecause he had a deformed hand. Ezra and his caravan of 10,000 Jews and treasures crossed the desert from Babylonia to Judah without bodyguards. They prayed for safety, and God answered them.

to Judah without bodyguards. They prayed for safety, and God answered them. The Mystery of History,
to Judah without bodyguards. They prayed for safety, and God answered them. The Mystery of History,

Lesson 79 Nehemiah 454 BC

Nehemiah, aJew, lived in Persia and was a cupbearer to King Artaxerxes. When he heard that Jerusalem was having trouble with their neighbors, he asked the king if he could go and help rebuild the walls. The king sent him off with supplies, and the walls were rebuilt in 52 days.

The king sent him off with supplies, and the walls were rebuilt in 52 days. The
The king sent him off with supplies, and the walls were rebuilt in 52 days. The

Lesson 80 Pericles 443-429 BC

Well-loved Greek statesman; Pericles was a military commander knows as a strategoi. He was treated and loved as a king even though he didn’t have that authority. He died from the plague while in Athens.

he didn’t have tha t authority. He died from the plague while in Athens. The Mystery
he didn’t have tha t authority. He died from the plague while in Athens. The Mystery

Lesson 81 Peloponnesian War 431-404 BC

A war between the Athens and Spartans; in anticipation of war, the Athenians built brick walls called the Long Wallsfrom Athens to the sea to keep the Spartans out. 15 years after the war started, one of Athensleaders fled to Sparta as a traitor. By 405 BC, the Spartans had wiped out the Athenian navy with a surprise attack.

By 405 BC, the Spartans had wiped out the Athenian navy with a surprise attack. The
By 405 BC, the Spartans had wiped out the Athenian navy with a surprise attack. The

Lesson 82 Malachi

Mid-5 th Century BC

Malachi was the last prophet of the Old Testament, and he also wrote the last book of the Old Testament. In this book, God rebuked the Israelites for the way they gave their offerings; he scolded the priests for not being true to God and leading others astray. He told the people of his hatred for divorce. He also told them he was sending a messenger in the future.

hatred for divorce. He also told them he was sending a messenger in the future. The
hatred for divorce. He also told them he was sending a messenger in the future. The

Lesson 83 Plato and Aristotle c 427-347 BC; 384- 322 BC

Both were from Greece. Plato is a nickname meaning broad shouldered’; his real name was Aristocles. He was a student of Socrates. He started the first university ever established and called it the Academy.

Aristotle was Plato’s student, and he stayed at the Academy for 20 years. He was Alexander the Great’s teacher. He started a school called the Lyceum. The students here would walk around and think aloud.

school called the Lyceum. The students here would walk around and think aloud. The Mystery of
school called the Lyceum. The students here would walk around and think aloud. The Mystery of

Lesson 84 Philip II of Macedonia and the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus 359-336 BC; 353 BC

Philip’s brother was king of Macedonia. Philip became a prisoner in Thebes as a child when his country was attacked. He was returned home some time later; when he grew up, he became king and ruled for 25 years. He invented the idea to line his soldiers up in a marching rectangle 8 - 10 rows deep: a phalanx. If one man was wounded, the next one behind him would step up and take his place.

one man was wounded, the next one behind him would step up and take his place.
one man was wounded, the next one behind him would step up and take his place.

(Lesson 84 Philip II of Macedonia and the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus , cont.)

The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus was another of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It was built under the orders of Queen Artemisia as a tomb for King Mausolus, who was the king of Caria in Asia Minor.

Artemisia as a tomb for King Mausolus, who was the king of Caria in Asia Minor.
Artemisia as a tomb for King Mausolus, who was the king of Caria in Asia Minor.

Lesson 85 Alexander the Great

336 BC

Alexander was tutored by Aristotle. He tamed his own wild horse and named it Bucephalus. He became king when he was 20, conquering the “world” which included Greece, Egypt, Asia Minor, Mesopotomia, Persia, and part of India. Alexander the Great died from malaria.

Mesopotomia, Persia, and part of India. Alexander the Great died from malaria. The Mystery of History,
Mesopotomia, Persia, and part of India. Alexander the Great died from malaria. The Mystery of History,

Lesson 86 The Split of Alexander’s Empire 323 BC

Alexander’s empire was during the 400 years of silence between Malachi and the New Testament. After his death, the empire was divided into 4 more manageable portions. This fulfilled Daniel’s prophecy in Daniel 8:20-22. The split also helped the future spread of the Gospel.

in Daniel 8:20-22. The split also helped the future spread of the Gospel. The Mystery of
in Daniel 8:20-22. The split also helped the future spread of the Gospel. The Mystery of

Lesson 87 Archimedes and the Lighthouse of Alexandria c. 287-212 BC; c. 285 BC

Archimedes was a Greek scientist He once said if you gave him a place to stand, he could move the world. He came up with many great ideas: using mirrors on ships to burn other ships; moving water with a giant screw; “pi”, which is used to determine the dimensions of a circle; and the principle of displacement (while soaking in the tub).

of a circle; and the principle of displacement (while soaking in the tub). The Mystery of
of a circle; and the principle of displacement (while soaking in the tub). The Mystery of

(Lesson 87 ~ Archimedes and the Lighthouse of Alexandra, cont.)

The Pharos or lighthouse is in Alexandria, Egypt. It is 400 feet tall and is another of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

It is 400 feet tall and is another of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
It is 400 feet tall and is another of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

Lesson 88 Emperor Asoka of India 273-232 BC

Asoka was a Mauryan ruler who improved the water supplies and created the first rest stop for travelers. He planted banyan trees along major roads to provide shelter for the people. He changed the major religion of India to Buddhism.

shelter for the people. He changed the major religion of India to Buddhism. The Mystery of
shelter for the people. He changed the major religion of India to Buddhism. The Mystery of

Lesson 89 The Septuagint and the Colossus of Rhodes 277 BC; 292 BC

The Septuagint is the oldest Greek translation of the Old Testament that still exists today. 70-72 men translated the first five books of the OT in just 70-72 days. Septuagint means 70in Latin. It is abbreviated in Roman numerals as LXX.

means “ 70 ” in Latin. It is abbreviated in Roman numerals as LXX. The Mystery
means “ 70 ” in Latin. It is abbreviated in Roman numerals as LXX. The Mystery

Lesson 90 The Qin (Ch’in) Dynasty 221-206 BC

Qin was a Chinese ruler who had enough power to unite the feuding states into one government. He named himself Shi Huang Ti which means First Emperor of China. He built canals, created one type of money, made one standard system of weights and measures, and standardized the size of chariots. He also burned most history books so history would begin with him. He built the Great

burned most history books so history would begin with him. He built the Great The Mystery
burned most history books so history would begin with him. He built the Great The Mystery

(Lesson 90 ~ The Qin [Chin] Dynasty, cont.)

Wall of China, which is 1,500 miles in length and is 25 feett high. It has 35-40 foot towers every 200 - 300 yards; it is 25 feet thick at the base; and it is 15 feet wide across the top where chariots can ride. He was buried with thousands of terra cotta soldiers.

where chariots can ride. He was buried with thousands of terra cotta soldiers. The Mystery of
where chariots can ride. He was buried with thousands of terra cotta soldiers. The Mystery of

Lesson 91 Hannibal, Elephants, and the Punic

Wars

218 BC

Carthage, an ancient city and state in northern Africa, was a threat to Rome. Fighting between the two was known as the Punic Wars. Punicwas a word the Romans used for Phoenicians. Hannibal rose to power in Carthage and challenged the Roman rule. He marched across the Alps with 37 war elephants to attack Rome from the northwest. The Romans eventually wiped out Carthage. Hannibal wouldn’t surrender and ended his own life by drinking poison he stored in a secret ring.

and ended his own life by drinking poison he stored in a secret ring. The Mystery
and ended his own life by drinking poison he stored in a secret ring. The Mystery

Lesson 92 The Han Dynasty 206 BC - 220 AD

The Han Dynasty lasted more than 400 years. Fine china or porcelain was made from fine white clay; paper was invented; the first seismograph to measure earthquakes was invented; and the writings of Confucius were rediscovered. Silk Roadwas the name given to a group of roads from China to Syria that merchants traveled to bring silk to other parts of the world.

to Syria that merchants traveled to bring silk to other parts of the world. The Mystery
to Syria that merchants traveled to bring silk to other parts of the world. The Mystery

Lesson 93 The Maccabean Revolt 165 BC

Israel was being oppressed by a man named Antiochus IV, who had no respect for the beliefs of the Jews and wanted them to adopt the Greek way of life. This was called Hellenization. He took over the Jewish temple and sacrificed a pig on the altar. God raised up a man by the name of Judas Maccabee, who led a revolt against Antiochus. This became known as the Maccabean Revolt.

who led a revolt against Antiochus. This became known as the Maccabean Revolt. The Mystery of
who led a revolt against Antiochus. This became known as the Maccabean Revolt. The Mystery of

Lesson 94 Spartacus Date Unknown 71 BC

Spartacus was a Roman slave and gladiator who led a great but unsuccessful revolt against the Romans for the way slaves were treated. The word gladiatorscomes from the Latin word gladiuswhich means sword. Gladiators were taught to fight in the public arena until death.

sword ” . Gladiators were taught to fight in the public arena until death. The Mystery
sword ” . Gladiators were taught to fight in the public arena until death. The Mystery

Lesson 95 The First Triumvirate 60 BC

Triumviratemeans ruled by 3 persons or parties.Rome was ruled by Marcus Licinius Crassus, Pompey the Great, and Julius Caesar. Crassus stopped Spartacus from their rebellion, and was a consul and censor. Pompey was also

a

consul and was admired for fighting pirates. Caesar was

in

charge of public works and games and was a military

general known for being very cruel. He fought his way

through Germany and into Great Britain. He swayed Pompey and Crassus to join him in ruling Rome.

into Great Britain. He swayed Pompey and Crassus to join him in ruling Rome. The Mystery
into Great Britain. He swayed Pompey and Crassus to join him in ruling Rome. The Mystery

Lesson 96 Julius Caesar 49 BC

Julius Caesar was feared by the Roman Senate and was told not to return to Rome. He crossed the Rubicon River, which showed the Romans that he came to take over Rome. Pompey fled to Egypt and Crassus had died, so that left Caesar in charge. He updated the calendar and inserted a month named after him. He gave himself the title “dictator for life” and enjoyed the term “Imperator” from which the word emperor comes. He met Cleopatra, fell in love with her, and spent much time in Egypt while still trying to rule Rome. They dreamed of ruling the entire world. He was assassinated by the Roman Senate.

dreamed of ruling the entire world. He was assassinated by the Roman Senate. The Mystery of
dreamed of ruling the entire world. He was assassinated by the Roman Senate. The Mystery of

Lesson 97 The Second Triumvirate 43 BC

After Julius Caesar was killed on March 15, 44 BC, the “ides of March”, the second Triumvirate started with Gaius Octavian, Marcus Lepidus, and Mark Antony. Octavian was only 18; he had two of Caesars assassins killed and then tried to restore order to Rome. He didn’t get along with Antony; this caused Lepidus to retire, leaving the two to fight it out. The Republic was divided; Octavian ruled the western part, and Antony ruled the eastern part which included Egypt.

the western part, and Antony ruled the eastern part which included Egypt. The Mystery of History,
the western part, and Antony ruled the eastern part which included Egypt. The Mystery of History,

Lesson 98 Cleopatra 37 BC

Cleopatra lived in Alexandria, Egypt and spoke several languages. She wanted to be queen, so she married her brother. When he died, she married her other brother, who also died. She wanted the protection of Rome, so she smuggled her way in to meet Julius Caesar by being rolled up in a carpet. They met and fell in love, and he helped her secure the throne. She

a carpet. They met and fell in love, and he helped her secure the throne. She
a carpet. They met and fell in love, and he helped her secure the throne. She

(Lesson 98 ~ Cleopatra, cont.)

was the last ruler of Ptolemy. When Caesar was killed and the Roman Republic was divided, she met Mark Antony. He, too, fell in love with her; she had captured the love of 2 great Roman leaders. She nearly ruled the known world and was eventually poisoned by a snake.

She nearly ruled the known world and was eventually poisoned by a snake. The Mystery of
She nearly ruled the known world and was eventually poisoned by a snake. The Mystery of

Lesson 99 Herod the Great 37 BC

Herod was a very cruel governor over Galilee and eventually took over all of Palestine (name given to Judah after the Babylonian Captivity). He murdered almost all of his family for the sake of keeping his throne over Palestine; he acquired the title “King of the Jews” even though he was hated by the Jews. He tried to gain favor with the Jews by remodeling the temple. He was the one who commanded all the boys 2 and under killed after the wise men came looking for Jesus. He died of a strange disease.

after the wise men came looking for Jesus. He died of a strange disease. The Mystery
after the wise men came looking for Jesus. He died of a strange disease. The Mystery

Lesson 100 Battle of Actium 31 BC

The Roman Republic was split by Octavian and Mark Antony. Mark Antony married Cleopatra and appeared more loyal to Egypt; Octavian and Antony didn’t trust each other. Octavian declared war with a sea battle. Cleopatra got scared and fled, and Antony followed her. Octavian hunted them down. When Antony thought Cleopatra was dead, he killed himself. Then, Cleopatra allowed a poisonous snake to bite her, and she died.

himself. Then, Cleopatra allowed a poisonous snake to bite her, and she died. The Mystery of
himself. Then, Cleopatra allowed a poisonous snake to bite her, and she died. The Mystery of

Lesson 101 Augustus Caesar and the Roman

Republic

27BC

Ocatavian was declared emperor by the Senate and was given the name Augustuswhich means “exalted one”. In respect to his great uncle, he kept the name Caesar, becoming Augustus Caesar. He liked to be called the “princeps” or “first citizen” of the land. He ruled over the Empire for more than 40 years and lived

of the land. He ruled over the Empire for more than 40 years and lived The
of the land. He ruled over the Empire for more than 40 years and lived The

(Lesson 101 ~ August Caesar, cont.)

in peace and prosperity. During this time, the Empire became the Republic, and he was the first Emperor of Rome. He is the one who called for a count or census for everyone in the land to be registered, causing Joseph and Mary to travel to Bethlehem.

in the land to be registered, causing Joseph and Mary to travel to Bethlehem. The Mystery
in the land to be registered, causing Joseph and Mary to travel to Bethlehem. The Mystery

Lesson 102 John the Baptist c. 5 BC c. A.D. 32

Johns parents were Zacharias and Elizabeth, who was Mary’s cousin. He fulfilled the prophecy of “the voice of one crying in the wilderness: Prepare the way of the Lord, make His paths straight.He preached the message of repentance in the wilderness and proclaimed the coming of Jesus. He baptized all who believed. He was thrown in prison by Herod and was later beheaded.

all who believed. He was thrown in prison by Herod and was later beheaded. The Mystery
all who believed. He was thrown in prison by Herod and was later beheaded. The Mystery

Lesson 103 Jesus Christ, His Birth c. 4 BC

The angel Gabriel appeared to Mary and told her she would give birth to God’s son. This fulfilled 350 prophecies. There are 13 places in the Old Testament that say Jesus would be born of the lineage of David. Earthly son of Mary and Joseph who had traveled to Bethlehem, the city of David, to be counted in the census that Augustus Caesar had ordered. The city motels and homes were full, so Jesus was born in a barn or stable.

The city motels and homes were full, so Jesus was born in a barn or stable.
The city motels and homes were full, so Jesus was born in a barn or stable.

Lesson 104 Jesus, His Teachings and Miracles c 30-33 AD

Jesus, Gods Son, taught about the Kingdom of Heaven, repentance , loving ones enemies, how to pray, fasting, and how to have faith. His teachings were very practical and in the form of parables or stories. Jesus allowed people to worship Him, and He claimed to be God. Religious leaders wanted to stone Him for blasphemy, which is claiming to be God.

leaders wanted to stone Him for blasphemy, which is claiming to be God. The Mystery of
leaders wanted to stone Him for blasphemy, which is claiming to be God. The Mystery of

Lesson 105 Tiberius Caesar, Pilate, and Herod c. AD 14-37; AD 26-36; c. 4 BC-AD 39

Tiberius was the 2 nd Roman emperor, not liked by the Romans. He ruled from about 14-37AD. He appointed Pontius Pilate to rule over the Israelites. Herod Antipas governed over Galilee and had John beheaded. Jesus was from Galilee, so during His trial, Pilate sent Jesus to Herod for another opinion on His guilt or innocence. Pilate

sent Jesus to Herod for another opinion on His guilt or innocence. Pilate The Mystery of
sent Jesus to Herod for another opinion on His guilt or innocence. Pilate The Mystery of

(Lesson 105 ~ Tiberius, Caesar, Pilate, Herod, cont.)

and Herod thought Jesus was innocent and didn’t want to sentence Him to death but were too fearful not to. Pilate washed his hands saying he was innocent of the blood of Jesus.

not to. Pilate washed his hands saying he was innocent of the blood of Jesus. The
not to. Pilate washed his hands saying he was innocent of the blood of Jesus. The

Lesson 106 The Twelve Disciples of Christ c. AD

30-33

Disciple=one who follows the teachings of another person. Many followed Jesus, but only 12 were chosen to spend intimate time with Him. The three closest to Jesus were brothers: Peter, James, and John. Others: Andrew, Matthew, Philip, Bartholomew, Thomas, James, Thaddaeus, Simon, and Judas Iscariot.

Philip, Bartholomew, Thomas, James, Thaddaeus, Simon, and Judas Iscariot. The Mystery of History, Volume 1 Page
Philip, Bartholomew, Thomas, James, Thaddaeus, Simon, and Judas Iscariot. The Mystery of History, Volume 1 Page

Lesson 107 Jesus, His Death and Resurrection c. AD 33

At the Passover feast, Jesus instituted communion, the breaking of bread to symbolize His body that was broken for us, and drinking wine to symbolize His blood that was poured out for us. Because Jesus was God and claimed to be God, the religious leaders wanted to stone Him for blasphemy. He was put on trial and

religious leaders wanted to stone Him for blasphemy. He was put on trial and The Mystery
religious leaders wanted to stone Him for blasphemy. He was put on trial and The Mystery

(Lesson 107 ~ Jesus, His Death and Resurrection, cont.)

sentenced to death on a wooden cross. He was buried, and He came back to life and rose again in 3 days. At His ascension, or going back to heaven, the angels said He would return the same way He left - in the clouds.

heaven, the angels said He would return the same way He left - in the clouds.
heaven, the angels said He would return the same way He left - in the clouds.

Lesson 108 Jesus, the Mystery of History Yesterday, Today and Forever!

Facts that make the story convincing:

1. Jesus first appeared to women, who weren’t

respected in that culture, so their story wouldn’t have been believed

respected in that culture, so their story wouldn’t have been believed The Mystery of History, Volume
respected in that culture, so their story wouldn’t have been believed The Mystery of History, Volume

2. Jesus appeared to over 500 people after His

resurrection; 500 was considered a great crowd back then.

3. If Jesus had not risen, where was His body?

4. Jesus fulfilled hundreds of prophecies in his

lifetime.

© 2011 by Valerie Denton (edited by Julieanne Miller)

in his lifetime. © 2011 by Valerie Denton (edited by Julieanne Miller) The Mystery of History,
in his lifetime. © 2011 by Valerie Denton (edited by Julieanne Miller) The Mystery of History,