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Uttar Pradesh Public Services Commission UP PCS Solved Paper - UP PCS 2011
1. Gautam Buddha had attained Mahaparinibban in the State of (a) Anga (b) Magadha (c) Malla (d) Vatsa Answer- c Explanation-After the Buddha passed away, prominent monks spent the rest of the night discussing the teachings. At dawn, the Venerable Ananda informed the Mallas of Kusinara of the Mahaparinibbana (death) of the Master. For seven days the Mallas and throngs of people paid respect to the body of the Blessed One with lights, incense, garlands of flowers, instrumental music and religious songs. For the cremation ceremonies, a pyre of perfumed wood and flowers was prepared. The body of the Buddha was cremated with honor due the Greatest King. 2. Buddha had delivered maximum sermons at (a) Vaishali (b) Sravasti (b) Kaushambi (d) Rajgriha Answer-b ExplanationIt was at Sarnath Lord Buddha delivered his first sermon to his disciples for whom he left Bodh Gaya. In this sermon he had preached the middle path of attaining the "Nirvana" that avoids the extremes of pleasure and austerity, the four noble truths and the eightfold path. Buddha had delivered maximum sermons at Sravasti. 3. The first Gupta ruler who issued coins was (a) Srigupta (b) Chandragupta I (c) Samudragupta (d) Chandragupta II Answer-b ExplanationChandragupta- I introduced a new era, the Gupta era and the first Gupta king to adapt the title Maharajadhiraja and issued gold coins. 4. The Prince who was responsible for the death of his father was
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(a) Ajatsatru (b) Chandapradyota (c) Prasenjit (d) Udayana Answer-a ExplanationAjtashatru was a king of the Magadha empire in north India. He was the son of King Bimbisara, the Great Monarch of Magadha. He was contemporary to Lord Mahavira and Lord Buddha. He took over the kingdom of Magadha from his father forcefully by imprisoning him who is said to have starved him to death. He fought a terrible war against the Vajjis/Lichhvis and conquered the once considered invincible democratic Vaishali Republic. 5. Who among the following was the earliest Sufi Saint to have settled at Ajmer? (a) Sheikh Moinuddin Chisti (b) Sheikh Qutbuddin Bakhtiyar Qaki (c) Sheikh Nizamuddin Auliya (d) Sheikh Salim Chisti Answer-a ExplanationMu'nuddn Chisht reached Ajmer along with Mohammad of Ghori, and settled down there. In Ajmer, he attracted a substantial following, acquiring a great deal of respect amongst the residents of the city. Mu'nuddn Chisht practiced the Sufi Sulh-e-Kul (peace to all) concept to promote understanding between Muslims and non-Muslims. Mu'nuddn Chisht, Bakhtiyar Kaki, Baba Farid and Nizamuddin Auliya (each successive person being the disciple of the previous one), constitutes the great Sufi saints of Indian history. Shaikh Salim was Sufi saint during Mughal Empire in South Asia. Salim Chishti was one of the famous Sufi saints of the Chishti Order in India. Salim Chishti was the descendant of the famous Khawaja Moinuddin Chishti whose tomb is in Ajmer, Rajasthan. 6. With which Mughal General did Shivaji singh the famous Treaty of Purandhar' in 1665 A.D.? (a) Jaswant Singh (b) Jai Singh (c) Shaishta Khan (d) Diler Khan Answer-b ExplanationThe Treaty of Purandar was signed on June 11, 1665, between the Rajput ruler Jai Singh I, who was commander of the Mughal Empire, and Maratha Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. Shivaji was forced to sign the agreement after Jai Singh besieged Purandar fort. When Shivaji realised that war with the Mughal Empire would only cause damage to the empire and that his men would suffer heavy losses, he chose to make a treaty instead of leaving his men under the Mughals. 7. During the 13th and 14th centuries A.D. the Indian peasants did not cultivate. (a) Wheat (b) Bareley (c) Rice (d) Maize Answer-d
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Explanation-Maize in India is a post-Columbian introduction by the Portuguese in the 16th century or later. 8. The writer of Mahabhasya 'Patanjali' was a contemporary of (a) Chandragupta Maurya (b) Ashoka (c) Pushyamitra Sunga (d) Chandragupta I Answer-c ExplanationThe Sunga Empire played an imperative role in patronizing Indian culture at a time when some of the most important developments in Hindu thought were taking place. Patanjali`s Yoga Sutras and Mahabhasya were composed in this period. Panini composed the first Sanskrit grammarian Ashtadayai during the reign of the Sunga dynasty. Artistry also progressed with the rise of the Mathura school of art. 9. Who among the following was the founder of Agra (a) Balban (b) Bahlol Lodhi (c) Sikandar Lodhi (d)Firoz Tughlaq Answer-c ExplanationSikandar Lodi seized Agra and during his reign, the city flourished as an important cultural centre. However, the claims of Niamatullah, the chronicler of the Lodhi dynasty, that Sikandar founded the city are unacceptable, as it had been mentioned in earlier records. The only claim that could be justified was that Agra came to be known as the Shiraz of India during Sikandar Lodi's time. 10. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched\ (a) Ajmer- Quuwal-al-Islam (b) Jaunpur- Atala Mosque (c) Malwa- Jahaz Mahal (d) Gulbarga- Jama Masjid Answer-a ExplanationJama Masjid Gulbarga, reputed to have been built by a Moorish architect during the late 14th or early 15th century who imitated the great mosque in Cordoba, Spain. The Jaunpur Atala Masjid was built by Sultan Ibrahim (14011440), Sharqi Sultan of Jaunpur on foundations laid during the reign of Tughluq Sultan Firuz Shah III (13511388). Jahaz Mahal is believed to have been constructed during the reign of Mahmud Shah Khalji. It was commissioned by Ghiyas al-Din. The Jahaz Mahal in Mandu, Malwa is located on a narrow strip of land between the two lakes. 11. Consider the following statements and select the correct answer from the code given below: 1) Vikram Samvat began in 58 BC 2) Saka Samvat began in 78 AD. 3) Gupta era began in 319 AD. 4) The era of Muslim rule in India began in 1192 AD. Code:
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(a) 1 and 2 (b) 3 and 4 (c) 1,2 and 3 (d) 1,2,3 and 4 Answer-c (Most correct answer) ExplanationVikram Samvat was introduced in 57 B.C. and hence if 57 is deducted from Vikram Samvat year we get Christian year. e.g. V.S. 2054 57 = A.D. 1997. The Saka Samvat or Era commenced in B.C. 78 during Saka Kshatrap Nahpans time. By adding 78 to Saka year, we get Christian year. e.g. Saka 1752 + 78 = A.D. 1830. In A.D. 320 Chandragupta I succeeded his father Ghatotkacha. It is said that he laid the foundation of great Gupta Empire. In the 8th century, the province of Sindh (in present day Pakistan) was conquered by an Arab army led by Muhammad bin Qasim. Sindh became the easternmost province of the Umayyad Caliphate. In the first half of the 10th century, Mahmud of Ghazni added the Punjab to the Ghaznavid Empire and conducted several raids deeper into modern day India. 12. Which one of the following rulers established embassies in foreign countries on modern lines? (a) Haider Ali (b) Mir Qusim (c) ShahAlam II (d) Tipu Sultan Answer-d ExplanationTipu Sultan external relations aimed at seeking support of the foreign power for a concerted action against the English, whose commercial company had become the most dominating political authority in India. His embassies to distant places like Paris and Constantinople, his numerous letters to France and Turkey, his invitation to Zaman Shah of Afghanistan to rescue the Mughals from English hands, and his correspondence with Napoleon, were all focused on the single point of his confrontation with the English. 13. Who among the following was the one to have escaped being hanged in the 'Kakori Conspiracy Case'? (a) Ashfaquallah Khan (b) Rajendra Lahiri (c) Ram Prasad Bismil (d) Chandra Shekhar Azad Answer-d ExplanationSwaran Singh (uncle of Bhagat Singh), Ram Prasad Bismil, Ashfaqullah Khan, Rajendra Lahiri and Roshan Singh were sentenced to death by the Court of Justice in the 'Kakori Conspiracy Case'. 14. Who among the following attended all the three Round Table Conferences? (a) Jawaharlal Nehru (b) B.R. Ambedkar (c) Vallabh Bhai Patel (d) Rajendra Prasad Answer-b ExplanationDownloaded From:http://upscportal.com

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Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was elected as the chairman of the drafting committee that was constituted by the Constituent Assembly to draft a constitution for the independent India; he was the first Law Minister of India; conferred Bharat Ratna in 1990. Dr. Ambedkar attended all the three Round Table Conferences in London and forcefully argued for the welfare of the "untouchables". 15. Which Sultan of Delhi imposed Jaziya on the Brahmins also? (a) Balban (b) Firoz Tughlaq (c) Allauddin Khilji (d) Mohammad bin Tughlaq Answer-b ExplanationHe refused to exempt the Brahmins from the payment of Jaziya. He persecuted a number of heretical Muslim sects. He banned inhuman punishments. He prohibited Muslim women from going to worship in the grave of Saints. A brahmin was burnt publicly for questioning the Quran. 16. After returning from South Africa, Gandhiji launched his first successful Satyagraha in (a) Champaran (b) Chauri Chaura (c) Bardoli (d) Dandi Answer-a ExplanationFirst civil disobedience Gandhi was requested by Raj kumar Shukla to look into The problem of the indigo planters of Champaran in Bihar. Gandhi had won the first battle of civil disobedience in India. 17. The only session of the Indian National Congress which was addressed by Mahatma Gandhi was held at (a) Amravati (b) Belgaum (c) Karachi (d) Nagpur Answer-b ExplanationBelgaum was chosen as the venue of the 39th session of Indian National Congress in December 1924 under the Presidentship of Mahatma Gandhiji. The city served as a major military installation for the British Raj, primarily due to its proximity to Goa, which was then a Portuguese territory. Once the British left India, the Indian Government continued and still continues to have Armed forces installations in Belgaum. 18. Who among the following leaders of the Revolution of 1857 had the real name of Ram Chandra Pandurang? (a) Kunwar Singh (b) Nana Saheb (c) Tatiya Tope (d) Mangal Pandey Answer-c
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ExplanationTatya Tope alias Ram Chandra Pandurang was born around 1813 in an orthodox Deshasth Brahmin family in Poona. His father, Pandurang Rao Tope, was an important noble at the court of the Peshwa Baji Rao II. He shifted his family with the ill-fated Peshwa to Bithur where his son became the most intimate friend of the Peshwas adopted son, Nana Dhundu Pant. The other associates of Tatya Tope were Rao Sahib and Rani Lakshmi Bai. 19. Who among the following led the agitation against the Partition of Bengal (1905)? (a) Surendranath Banerjee (b) C.R. Das (c) Ashutosh Mukherjee (d) Rabindra Nath Tagore Answer-a ExplanationModerate-led Anti-Partition Movement (1903-05)-Under Surendranath Banerjee, K.K.Mitra. Prithwish Chandra Kay. Movement under Extremists (1905-08) Led by Tilak. Bipin Chandra Pal. Lajpat Rai, and Aurobindo Ghosh. 20. Who among the following leaders escaped from the prison and organized underground activities during the 'Quit India Movement'? (a) J.B. Kriplani (b) Ram Manohar Lohia (c) Achyut Patwardhan (d) Jai Prakash Narayan Answer-d ExplanationJai Prakash Narayan was arrested in 1942 for participating in the Quit India movement. In November 1942, Jayaprakash along with five others escaped the prison and organized underground activities during the 'Quit India Movement'. 21. Arrange the following in the chronological order and select the correct answer from the code given below. 1. The August Offer 2. The Cabinet Mission Plan 3. The Cripps Mission Plan 4. The Wavell Plan Code: (a) 1,2,4, 3 (b) 4,3,2,1 (c) 1,3,4,2 (d) 3,4,1,2 Answer-c ExplanationAugust Offer -August 1940 Cripps Mission -1942 Wavell Plan-1945 Cabinet Mission-1946 22. The statement "I am a socialist and a republican and am no believer in Kings and Princes" is
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associated with (a) Narendra Dev (b) Achyut Patwardhan (c) Jai Prakash Narayan (d) Jawahar Lal Nehru Answer-d ExplanationI must frankly confess that I am a socialist and a republican, and am no believer in kings and princes, or in the order which produces the modern kings of industry, who have greater power over the lives and fortunes of men than even the kings of old, and whose methods are as predatory as those of the old feudal aristocracy.- Jawahar Lal Nehru 23. Who among the following had led the Swadeshi Movement in Delhi? (a) Balgangadhar Tilak (b) Ajit Singh (c) Lala Lajpat Rai (d) Syed Haider Raza Answer-d Explanationmore powerful the Swadeshi and Boycott movement was launched. Mass meetings were held all over Bengal where Swadeshi or the use of Indian goods and the boycott of British goods were proclaimed and pledged. In many places public burning of foreign cloth were organized and shops selling foreign cloth were picketed. Soon the movement spread to other parts of the country- in Poona and Bombay under Lala Lajpat Rai and Ajit Singh, in Delhi, under Syed Haider Raza and in Madras under Chidambaram Pillai. 24. Who among the following had moved the Non co-operation resolution in the Nagpur session of the Indian National Congress in 1920? (a) C.R. Das (b) Annie Besant (c) B.C. Pal (d) Madan Mohan Malviya Answer-a ExplanationBy December, when the congress met for its annual session at Nagpur, it was C. R. Das who moved the main resolution on non-cooperation. 25. Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched? (a) Durga Das: The Life of Mahatma (b) Louis Fischer: India From Curzon to Nehru and After (c) Frank Moraes : Jawahar Lal Nehru- A Biography. (d) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad : India Divided Answer-c ExplanationIndia From Curzon to Nehru and After- Durga Das Jawahar Lal Nehru- A Biography- Frank Moraes The Life of Mahatma- Louis Fischer 26. Which one of the following pairs is NOT correctly matched? (a) James Watt: Steam Engine
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(b) A.G. Bell : Telephone (c) J.L. Baird : Television (d) J. Perkins : Penicillin Answer-d ExplanationEdward Joseph Perkins is a former American diplomat. He served as U.S. Ambassador to Liberia, South Africa, and the United Nations 1992-1993. He was later Director of the US State Department's Diplomatic Corps. In 1928, Sir Alexander Fleming observed that colonies of the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus could be destroyed by the mold Penicillium notatum, proving that there was an antibacterial agent there in principle. 27. Who among the following had started 'Mitra Mela' Association? (a) Shyamji Krishna Verma (b) Vinayak Damodar Savarkar (c) Lala Hardayal (d) Sohan Singh Bhakna Answer-b ExplanationVeer Savarkar established an organization by the name of 'Mitra Mela' which influenced the members to fight for "absolute political independence" of India. The Mitra Mela members served the victims of plague in Nasik. He later called the "Mitra Mela" as "Abhinav Bharat" and declared "India must be independent". 28. Helium is preferred to hydrogen in air balloons because it (a) is cheaper (b) is less dense (c) has greater lifting power (d) does not form an explosive mixture with air. Answer-d ExplanationA gas balloon is any balloon that stays aloft due to being filled with a gas less dense than air or lighter than air (such as helium or hydrogen). It does not form an explosive mixture with air. Although helium is twice as heavy as (diatomic) hydrogen and costlier, they are both so much lighter than air that this difference is inconsequential. Hydrogen has about 8% more buoyancy than helium 29. Which one of the following is NOT formed in our body? (a) Vitamin A (b) Protein (c) Enzyme (d) Hormone Answer-a Explanation- Vitamin A is NOT formed in our body but comes from dietary sources. Protein, enzyme and hormone are synthesized in our body. 30. Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched? (a) Silver iodide - Horm Silver (b) Silver chloride- Artificial rain (c) Zinc phosphide- Rat poison (d) Zinc sulphide- Philosopher's wool Answer-c
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Explanation-Rat poison is made with zinc phosphide. The zinc phosphide reacts with the rodent's stomach acid to form a gas called phosphine. Artificial rain is produced by spraying clouds with substances like Silver Iodide (costly) or cheaper ones like solid carbon dioxide (dry ice) or even finely powdered Sodium Chloride. This process is called seeding. 31. Which one of the following gases is essential for photosynthesis process? (a) CO (b) CO2 (c) N2 (d) O2 Answer-b Explanation-In photosynthesis, solar energy is converted to chemical energy. The chemical energy is stored in the form of glucose (sugar). Carbon dioxide, water, and sunlight are used to produce glucose, oxygen, and water. 32. Match List -I with List-II and select the correct answer from the code given below:List-I List-II A. Morphinhe 1. Antiseptic B. Sodium 2. Alloy C. Boric Acid 3. Analgesic D. German Silver 4. Kerosene oil Code: ABCD (a) 4 3 1 2 (b) 2 4 3 1 (c) 3 1 4 2 (d) 3 4 1 2 Answer-d ExplanationMorphine- Analgesic Sodium- Kerosene oil Boric Acid- Antiseptic German Silver- German silver has a color resembling silver, but is an alloy of primarily copper, nickel and zinc. 33. Which one of the following human organs is most susceptible to harmful radiations? (a) Eyes (b) Heart (c) Brain (d) Lungs Answer- d Explanation-Not all living cells are equally sensitive to radiation. Those cells which are actively reproducing are more sensitive than those which are not. Lymphocytes (white blood cells) and cells which produce blood are constantly regenerating, and are, therefore, the most sensitive. Reproductive and gastrointestinal cells are not regenerating as quickly and are less sensitive. The nerve and muscle cells are the slowest to regenerate and are the least sensitive cells.When radiation interacts with water, it may break the bonds that hold the water molecule together, producing fragments such as hydrogen (H) and hydroxyls (OH). These fragments may recombine or may interact with other fragments or ions to form compounds, such as water, which would not harm the cell. However, they could combine to form toxic substances, such as hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), which can contribute to the destruction of the cell.Cataracts (a clouding of the lens of the eye) appear to have a threshold of about 200 rad. Neutrons are especially effective in producing cataracts, because the eye has a high water content, which is particularly effective in stopping neutrons.
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34. The minimum height of a plane mirror to see the full size image of a person is equal to (a) the height of the person (b) half the height of the person. (c) one-fourth the height of the person (d) double the height of the person Answer-b ExplanationIn order to see full length of a person, requires a plane mirror, which is half of its own height. This relation is true for any distance of object from plane mirror. 35. Which of the following is NOT the normal function of the human kidney? (a) Regulation of water level in the blood. (b) Regulation of sugar level in the blood. (c) Filter out urea. (d) Secretion of several hormones. Answer-b ExplanationFunctions 1. Excretion of wastes 2. Acid-base homeostasis 3. Osmolality regulation 4. Blood pressure regulation 5. Hormone secretion 36. Retina of the eye is comparable to which of the following parts of a traditional camera? (a) Film (b) Lens (c) Shutter (d) Cover Answer-b ExplanationThere is a lens on the front of the camera, which is responsible for focusing the incoming light on the image-capturing surface. This is much like the way the lens of an eye focuses light onto the retina. In traditional cameras, the surface is film. In digital cameras, the incoming light is focused onto a chip called a digital sensor. 37. Anosmia is (a) loss of the sense of taste. (b) loss of the sense of smell. (c) loss of the sense of touch. (d) loss of the sense of heat. Answer-b ExplanationAnosmia is a lack of functioning olfaction, or in other words, an inability to perceive odours. Anosmia may be either temporary or permanent. A related term, hyposmia, refers to a decreased ability to smell, while hyperosmia refers to an increased ability to smell. Some people may be anosmic for one particular odor. This is known as "specific anosmia". 38. Assertion (A): If somebody stops taking green vegetables he will suffer from night blindness. Reason (R) : He will suffer from Vitamin A deficiency. Select the correct answer from the code given below: Code:
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(a) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is NOT the correct explanation of (A). (b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is NOT the correct explanation of (A) (c)(A) is true, but (R) is false. (d) (A) is false, but (R) is true. Answer-a ExplanationVitamin A prevents eye problems, promotes a healthy immune system, is essential for the growth and development of cells, and keeps skin healthy. Good sources of vitamin A are milk, eggs, liver, fortified cereals, darkly colored orange or green vegetables (such as carrots, sweet potatoes, pumpkin, and kale), and orange fruits such as cantaloupe, apricots, peaches, papayas, and mangos. 39. Insectivorous fish used for mosquito control is (a) Hilsa (b) Labeo (c) Gambusia (d) Mystus Answer-c ExplanationThe two well-known larvivorous fish used extensively by the Centre are exotic. The guppy, a native of south America, was introduced in India in 1908 and Gambusia affinis, a native of Texas and widely distributed in the world, was imported from Italy in 1928. Guppy (Poecilia reticulata) and Gambusia affinis have been used in vector control programmes for 5 to 6 decades and could be found widely occurring in nature almost all over the country. 40. With which of the physiological process Thrombin is associated? (a) Excretion (b) Blood clotting (c) Reproduction (d) Growth Answer-b ExplanationThrombin is a "trypsin-like" serine protease protein. Prothrombin (coagulation factor II) is proteolytically cleaved to form thrombin in the first step of the coagulation cascade, which ultimately results in the stemming of blood loss. Thrombin in turn acts as a serine protease that converts soluble fibrinogen into insoluble strands of fibrin, as well as catalyzing many other coagulation-related reactions. 41. AIDS is caused by (a) Bacteria (b) Fungus (c) Helminth (d) Virus Answer-d ExplanationAcquired immune deficiency syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a disease of the human immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This condition progressively reduces the effectiveness of the immune system and leaves individuals susceptible to opportunistic infections and tumors. 42. BMD testing is done to diagnose (a) Dengue (b) Malaria (c) Osteoporosis (d) AIDS Answer-c
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ExplanationBone density (or bone mineral density) is a medical term referring to the amount of matter per cubic centimeter of bones. Bone density (or BMD) is used in clinical medicine as an indirect indicator of osteoporosis and fracture risk. 43. The principle of 'Black hole' was enunciated by (a) C.V. Raman (b) H.J. Bhabha (c) S. Chandrashekhar (d) H. Khurana Answer-c ExplanationChandrasekhar's most notable work was the astrophysical Chandrasekhar limit. The limit describes the maximum mass of a white dwarf star, ~1.44 solar masses, or equivalently, the minimum mass, above which a star will ultimately collapse into a neutron star or black hole (following a supernova) 44. Which one of the following is used as a moderator in the nuclear reactor? (a) Thorium (b) Graphite (c) Radium (d) Ordinary water Answer-d ExplanationThe reaction can be controlled by using neutron poisons, which absorb excess neutrons, and neutron moderators, which reduce the velocity of fast neutrons, thereby turning them into thermal neutrons, which are more likely to be absorbed by other nuclei. Increasing or decreasing the rate of fission has a corresponding effect on the energy output of the reactor.Commonly used moderators include regular (light) water (75% of the world's reactors), solid graphite (20% of reactors) and heavy water (5% of reactors). Beryllium has also been used in some experimental types, and hydrocarbons have been suggested as another possibility. 45. Refrigeration helps in food preservation by (a) killing the germs (b) Reducing the rate of biochemical reactions. (c) destroying enzyme action. (d) sealing the food with a layer of ice. Answer-b ExplanationRefrigeration preserves food by slowing down the growth and reproduction of microorganisms and the action of enzymes which cause food to rot. 46. Electric bulb filament is made of (a) Copper (b) Aluminium (c) Lead (d) Tungsten Answer-d ExplanationIncandescent light bulbs consist of a glass enclosure (the envelope, or bulb) with a filament of tungsten wire inside the bulb, through which an electric current is passed. The bulb is filled
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with an inert gas such as argon to reduce evaporation and prevent oxidation of the filament. 47. Which mirror is used as a rear view mirror in the vehicles? (a) Plane (b) Convex (c) Concave (d) Inverted Answer-b ExplanationA rear-view mirror is a mirror in automobiles and other vehicles, designed to allow the driver to see rearward through the vehicle's backlight (rear windscreen). Because of the distance from the driver's eye to the passenger side mirror, a useful field of view can only be achieved with a convex or aspheric mirror. However, the convexity also minifies the objects shown. Since minified objects seem farther away than they actually are, a driver might make a maneuver such as a lane change assuming an adjacent vehicle is a safe distance behind, when in fact it is quite a bit closer. 48. Which one of the following is a part of Infotech Terminology? (a) Protocol (b) Login (c) Archie (d) All the above Answer-d ExplanationArchie is a tool for indexing FTP archives, allowing people to find specific files. It is considered to be the first Internet search engine. In information technology, a Protocol is the special set of rules that end points in a telecommunication connection use when they communicate. Protocols exist at several levels in a telecommunication connection. For example, there are protocols for the data interchange at the hardware device level and protocols for data interchange at the application program level. In computer security, a login or logon is the process by which individual access to a computer system is controlled by identification of the user using credentials provided by the user. 49. Inventor and founder of www is (a) Timoernrus (b) N. Russel (c) Lee N. Fiyong (d) Bill Gates Answer-a ExplanationSir Timothy John "Tim" Berners-Lee, also known as "TimBL", is a British physicist, computer scientist and MIT professor, credited for his invention of the World Wide Web (not the Internet), making the first proposal for it in March 1989. On 25 December 1990, with the help of Robert Cailliau and a young student at CERN, he implemented the first successful communication between a Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) client and server via the Internet. 50. Amniocentosis is a method used to determine the (a) foetal sex (b) kind of Amino acids (c) sequence of Amino acids in protein (d) type of hormones Answer-a ExplanationDownloaded From:http://upscportal.com

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Amniocentesis (also referred to as amniotic fluid test or AFT), is a medical procedure used in prenatal diagnosis of chromosomal abnormalities and fetal infections in which a small amount of amniotic fluid, which contains fetal tissues, is extracted from the amnion or amniotic sac surrounding a developing fetus, and the fetal DNA is examined for genetic abnormalities. Besides these specific conditions for use of amniocentesis it is being used, or rather grossly misused, for doing antenatal sex determination (ASD). 51. Indane gas is a mixture of (a) butane and hydrogen (b) butane and oxygen (c) butane and propane (d) methane and oxygen Answer- c Explanation- Indane Gas A mixture of propane and butane is commonly known as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG or LP gas). It may also contain small amounts of propylene and/or butylene. An odorant such as ethanethiol or thiophene is added so that people can easily smell the gas in case of a leak. 52. Which one of the following States has granted Sanskrit language the status of the second official language of the State? (a) Bihar (b) Chhattisgarh (c) Uttar Pradesh (d) Uttarakhand Answer-d ExplanationThe Uttarakhand Government has declared Sanskrit as the second official language of the State. The hill State becomes the first to take such a step.The Vidhan Sabha had passed the relevant legislation recently.Chief Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank said the step had been taken to promote the ancient language so that the children could understand it and translate or co-relate traditional and Vedic wisdom with current day science, economics and polity. 53. Which one of the following has the right to address the Parliament? (a) Attorney General of India (b) Chief Election Commissioner of India (c) Chief Justice of India (d) National Security Advisor Answer-a ExplanationThe Attorney General for India is the Indian government's chief legal advisor, and its primary lawyer in the Supreme Court of India. The Attorney General for India is appointed by the President of India under Article 76(1) of the Constitution of India and holds office during the pleasure of the President. He must be a person qualified to be appointed as a Judge of the Supreme Court. The Attorney General has the right of audience in all Courts in India as well as the right to participate in the proceedings of the Parliament, though not to vote. 54. Which one of the following statements about the Parliament of India is NOT correct? (a) The Constitution provides for a Parliamentary form of Government. (b) The foremost function of the Parliament is to provide a Cabinet. (c) The membership of the Cabinet is restricted to the Lower House.
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(d) The Cabinet has to enjoy the confidence of the majority in the popular Chamber. Answer-c ExplanationThe Cabinet of India is the collective decision-making body of the Government of India, composed of the Prime Minister and 35 Cabinet Ministers, the most senior of the government ministers. The Cabinet is the ultimate decision-making body of the executive within the Westminster system of government in traditional constitutional theory. The membership of the Cabinet is not restricted to the Lower House. 55. Voting right by the youths as the age of 18 years was exercised for the first time in the General Election of (a) 1987 (b) 1988 (c) 1989 (c) 1990 Answer-c ExplanationConstitution (61st Amendment) Act, 1989: It lowers the voting age from 21 to 18 to give wider representation and involve the present day literate youth, in the mainstream of political life of the nation. Voting right by the youths as the age of 18 years was exercised for the first time in the General Election of 1989. General elections were held in India in 1989 to elect the members of the 9th Lok Sabha. The result was a loss for the Indian National Congress and Rajiv Gandhi, because all the opposition parties formed together a minority government under V. P. Singh and the National Front. The National Front was able to secure the first minority government, since 1947 Independence, with the help of the Left Parties and Bharatiya Janata Party. The Communists and the BJP declined to serve in the government, preferring to support it from outside. 56. Under which one of the following Articles of the Indian Constitution, the Legislative Assembly is allowed to resolve for the creation of the Legislative Council? (a)168 (b) 169 (c) 170 (d) 171 Answer-b ExplanationArticle 169 Abolition or creation of Legislative Councils in StatesNotwithstanding anything in article 168, Parliament may by law provide for the abolition of the Legislative Council of a State having such a Council or for the creation of such a Council in as State having no such Council, if the Legislative Assembly of the State passes a resolution to that effect by a majority of the total membership of the Assembly and by a majority of not less than two-thirds of the members of the Assembly present and voting. 57. Missile 'Astra' is a (a) land to land missile (b) land to air missile (c) air to air missile (d) waster to land missile Answer-c ExplanationAstra is an active radar homing beyond-visual-range air-to-air missile (BVRAAM) developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), India. This is the first airto-air missile developed by India- an advanced missile that enables fighter pilots to lock-on and shoot down enemy aircraft from a distance of more than 80 km away.
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58. Match List- I with List-II and select the correct answer from the code given below: List -I List-II A. Pandit Durgalal 1. Instrumental Music B. Lalgudi 2. Dance Jayaraman C. Bala Murali 3. Painting Krishna D. Amrita Shergil 4. Vocal Music Code: ABCD (a) 2 1 4 3 (b) 1 2 4 3 (c) 3 1 2 4 (d) 2 4 3 1 Answer-a ExplanationDurga Lal was a renowned Kathak dancer from Jaipur in Indian state of Rajasthan. Lalgudi Jayarama Iyer is a well-known Carnatic violinist, vocalist and composer. Mangalampalli Balamuralikrishna is a Carnatic vocalist, multi-instrumentalist and a playback singer. He is also acclaimed as a poet, composer and respected by all Indian classical musicians for his knowledge of Carnatic Music. Amrita Sher-Gil, was an eminent Indian painter, sometimes known as India's Frida Kahlo[2], and today considered an important woman painter of 20th century India, whose legacy stands at par with that of the Masters of Bengal Renaissance;[3][4] she is also the 'most expensive' woman painter of India. [5] 59. South Indian festival of 'Onam' is associated with which of the following? (a) Ram's victory over Rawan (b) Durga's killing of Mahishasur (c) Shiva Shakti (d) Mahabali Answer-d ExplanationOnam is the largest festival in the Indian state of Kerala. It marks the homecoming of the legendary King Maveli/ Mahabali. Mahabali was the grandson of Prahlad (son of Hiranyakashyap who was slain by Vishnu in his Narasimha Avataram). Prahlad, despite being an Asura, had great faith in Vishnu. Mahabali learned the act of love and devotion to Lord Vishnu as a child, from Prahlad. 60. Which among the following is the largest software company in India? (a) Infosys (b) TCS (c) WIPRO (d) HCL Tech Answer-b ExplanationTop 5 Software Companies in India Rank Company 1 Tata Consultancy Services Ltd. 2 Infosys Technologies Ltd.
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3 Wipro Technologies Ltd. 4 Satyam Computer Services Ltd. 5 HCL Technologies Ltd. 61. Which one of the following is different from the others from the point of view of ownership? (a) LIC Policy (b) Bank Fixed Deposit (c) Kisan Vikas Patra (d) Debenture of a Company Answer- a 62. In the Union Budget-2011- 12, the effective rate of interest for farmers on timely repayment of the bank loan is (a) 7 percent (b) 6 percent (c) 4 percent (d) 3 percent Answer-c ExplanationIn the Union Budget-2011- 12, the effective rate of interest for farmers on timely repayment of the bank loan is 4%. "In the last Budget, Budget provided an additional two per cent interest subvention to those farmers who repay their crop loans on time. In order to provide further incentive to these farmers, Union Budget-2011- 12 enhance the additional subvention to three per cent in 2011-12. The effective rate of interest for such farmers would be four per cent. 63. 'Athapoo' is associated with which of the following festivals? (a) Dol Yatra (b) Onam (c) Pongal (d) Vishwakarma Puja Answer-b ExplanationPookalam, also known as 'Atha-Poo' is an intricate and colorful arrangement of flowers laid on the floor. Tradition of decorating Pookalam is extremely popular in Kerala and is followed as a ritual in every household during ten-day-long Onam celebrations. 64. Golden rice has the highest quantity of (a) Vitamin A (b) Vitamin B (c) Vitamin C (d) Vitamin K Answer-a ExplanationGolden rice is a variety of Oryza sativa rice produced through genetic engineering to biosynthesize beta-carotene, a precursor of pro-vitamin A in the edible parts of rice. 65. Which one of the following is useful in the treatment of scurvy disease? (a) Mango (b) Papaya (c) Aonla (d) Ber Answer-c ExplanationScurvy is a disease resulting from a deficiency of vitamin C, which is required for the synthesis of collagen in humans. Most animals manufacture their own vitamin C. Primates,
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such as humans, gorillas, and monkeys, have somehow lost this ability. It is well known that citrus fruits, such as oranges, lemons, grapefruits, tangerines, limes, mandarins and others contain vitamin C. Indian gooseberry, or aamla', is richest sores of vitamin C. 66. Which of the following crops are grown mainly in the irrigated areas during Zaid? (a) Arhar and Gram (b) Moong and Urad (c) Rice and Millets (d) Maize and Groundnut Answer-b ExplanationMoong and Urad are Kharif crop but it also can be grown in the irrigated areas during Zaid. 67. The largest producer of Sugar in India is (a) Bihar (b) Karnataka (c) Maharashtra (d) Uttar Pradesh Answer-c ExplanationIndia's western Maharashtra state, the biggest sugar producer in the country, has revised downward its 2010/11 sugar output forecast to 9 million tonnes from the previous 9.1 million tonnes. 68. Which of the following authority sanctions foreign exchange for the import of goods? (a) Any Nationalised Bank (b) Exchange Bank (c) Reserve Bank of India (d) Ministry of Finance Answer-c ExplanationManager of exchange control. The central bank manages to reach the goals of the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999. Objective: to facilitate external trade and payment and promote orderly development and maintenance of foreign exchange market in India. 69. A letter of credit has to be produced by (a) an exporter (b) an importer (c) custom authorities (d) shipping company Answer-b ExplanationA Letter of Credit is a written undertaking by the Importers bank, known as the Issuing Bank, on behalf of its customer, the Importer (Applicant), promising to effect payment in favour of the Exporter (Beneficiary) up to a stated sum of money, within a prescribed time limit and against stipulated documents.A key principle underlying Letters of Credit is that banks deal only in documents and not in goods. 70. Which organisation promotes the foreign trade?
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(a) ECGC (b) MMTC (c) STC (d) All of the above Answer-d ExplanationOrganization promotes the foreign trade: A. Public Sector Undertakings State Trading Corporation (STC) MMTC Limited PEC Limited Export Credit Guarantee Corporation of India Limited India Trade Promotion Organisation B. Export Promotion Councils C. Other Organisations Federation of Indian Export Organisations Indian Council of Arbitration Indian Diamond Institute Footwear Design & Development Institute (FDDI) National Centre for Trade Information Price Stabilization Fund Trust GS1-India 71. The main source of fund for the National Highway Authority of India is (a) Cess (b) Foreign assistance (c) Market borrowings (d) Budgetary support of Union Government Answer-a Explanation- Source of fund for the National Highway Authority of India Cess (main source) World Bank/Asian Development Bank Loan Assistance Market Borrowings Private Sector. 72. Private Sector Mutual Funds in India were permitted in (a) 1964 (b) 1993 (c) 1994 (d) 2001 Answer-b ExplanationWith the entry of private sector funds in 1993, a new era started in the Indian mutual fund industry, giving the Indian investors a wider choice of fund families. Also, 1993 was the year in which the first Mutual Fund Regulations came into being, under which all mutual funds, except UTI were to be registered and governed. The erstwhile Kothari Pioneer (now merged with Franklin Templeton) was the first private sector mutual fund registered in July 1993. 73. The State known as 'Garden of Spices' is (a) Karnataka (b) Kerala (c) Maharashtra (d) Tamil Nadu Answer-b ExplanationDownloaded From:http://upscportal.com

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The humid equatorial tropic climate and steep mountain slopes are ideal for spice cultivation. Kerala is one of the popular tea and spice producing states of India. Kerala spice plantation is famous across the globe since time immemorial. During ancient time Chinese and Arab traders came here for spice trading. 74. MODVAT is related to (a) Excise duty (b) Value Added Tax (VAT) (c) Wealth Tax (d) Income Tax Answer-b ExplanationModvat stands for "Modified Value Added Tax". It is a scheme for allowing relief to final manufacturers on the excise duty borne by their suppliers in respect of goods manufactured by them. The scheme was first introduced with effect from 1 March 1986. Under this scheme, a manufacturer can take credit of excise duty paid on raw materials and components used by him in his manufacture. Accordingly, every intermediate manufacturer can take credit for the excise element on raw materials and components used by him in his manufacture. Since it amounts to excise duty only on additions in value by each manufacturer at each stage, it is called value-added-tax (VAT) 75. More than one-third of the crude steel production of the world comes from (a) China (b) Japan (c) Russia (d) U.S.A. Answer-a ExplanationChina's share of world crude steel production has also increased exponentially and produces more than one third of all crude steel produced in the world. 76. The Sun City is located in (a) Italy (b) Japan (c) Mexico (d) South Africa Answer-d ExplanationSun City is a luxury casino and resort, situated in the North West Province of South Africa. Sun City was developed by the hotel magnate Sol Kerzner as part of his Sun International group of properties. 77. The correct descending order of the leading producers of milk is (a) China, India, Russia, U.S.A. (b) India, U.S.A., China, Russia (c) U.S.A. India, China, Russia (d) India, China, U.S.A., Russia Answer-b ExplanationWorld's Top Milk Producers: India United States
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China Russian Federation 78. Match list- I and List- II and select the correct answer from the code given below the lists : List- I List- II (Iron-Steel Centre) (Country) A. Hamilton 1. China B. Birmingham 2. Canada C. Essen 3. U.K. D. Anshan 4. Germany Code : ABCD (a) 4 3 1 2 (b) 2 1 4 3 (c) 2 3 4 1 (d) 3 4 2 1 Answer-c ExplanationHamilton is a port city in the Canadian province of Ontario. Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands county of England. Essen is a city in the central part of the Ruhr area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Anshan, Liaoning, a major city in Liaoning Province in Northeastern China. 79. Import procedure begins with (a) Indent (b) Mate's receipt (c) Marine insurance (d) Shipping bill Answer- Still searching-80. Match List- I and List- II and select the correct answer from the code given below: List- I (Lake) List-II (City) A. Erie 1. Duluth B. Michigan 2. Detroit C. Ontario 3. Gary D. Superior 4. Hamilton Code : ABCD (a) 2 1 4 3 (b) 1 3 2 4 (c) 4 2 3 1 (d) 2 3 4 1 Answer-d ExplanationErie Lake- Detroit, Buffalo, Ohio Michigan-Gary, Milwaukee, Chicago Ontario-Hamilton, Toronto Superior-Duluth 81. In India the State with the largest area under very dense forest is
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(a) Arunachal Pradesh (b) Madhya Pradesh (c) Maharashtra (d) Orissa Answer-a ExplanationState having its maximum geographical area under dense forest cover-Arunachal Pradesh State having lowest geographical area under forest cover-Haryana State having Largest geographical area under forest cover-MP 82. In India two largest producers of coal (2008-09) are (a) Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh (b) Chattisgarh and Orissa (c) Chattisgarh and Jharkhand (d) Jharkhand and Madhya Pradesh Answer-b ExplanationThe provisional total production of coal in 2008-09 was around 492.9 million tonnes which was higher by 7.8% as compared to the previous year. Chhattisgarh is the largest coal producing state with a share of about 20.7%, followed closely by Orissa and Jharkhand having contribution of 20.0% and 19.5%, respectively, in the national output. Next in order of share in the total production were, Madhya Pradesh (14.5%), Andhra Pradesh (9.0%), Maharashtra (7.9%), West Bengal (4.6%) and Uttar Pradesh (2.4%). 83. Which of the following towns lie in the National Capital Region? 1. Ambala 2. Khurja 3. Karnal 4. Rohtak Select the correct answer from the code given below : Code : (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 3 and 4 only (c) 1, 2 and 3 only (d) 2,3 and 4 only Answer-d ExplanationThe criterion for selecting counter magnet towns are that they should not be within approximately. 250 Km. from Delhi, should have their own established roots and potential of growth and should not be centres of either religious, strategic or environmental importance. These are: New ones Ambala, Dehradun, Kanpur, Moradabad 84. Coolgardie lies in the Australian province of (a) New South Wales (b) Northern lerritory (c) Queensland (d) Western Australia Answer-d ExplanationCoolgardie is a small town in the Australian state of Western Australia, east of the state capital, Perth. The town was founded in 1892, when gold was discovered in the area.
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85. Which one of the following pairs is NOT correctly matched ? (a) Koyali - Gujarat (b) Nagapattinam - Andhra Pradesh (c) Numaligarh - Assam (d) Manali - Tamil Nadu Answer-d Explanation- One of the important hill stations of the state of Himachal Pradesh is Manali. It is located at a height of 6,398 ft., near the northern end of the Kullu Valley. 86. Arrange the following States of India in descending order of their forest-area and select the correct answer from the code given below: 1. Andhra Pradesh 2. Arunachal Pradesh 3. Chhattisgarh 4. Orissa Code : (a) 1, 3, 4, 2 (b) 1, 2, 3, 4 (c) 4, 3, 1, 2 (d) 2, 1, 4, 3 Answer-d (Most correct answer) Explanation-Forest Cover (Area in km) Madhya Pradesh- 76,429 Arunachal Pradesh- 68,019 Chhattisgarh- 55,998 Orissa- 48,366 Andhra Pradesh- 44,419 87. Which one of the following does NOT lie in Maharashtra ? (a) Balaghat Range (b) Harischandra Range (c) Mandav Hills (d) Satmala Hills Answer-c ExplanationMountains & Hills of Gujarat: Mountains & Hills Major mountain-ranges of India - Aravalli , Sahyadri (Western Ghats), Vindhya and Satpura are having their presence in Gujarat. Saputara - the only hill station situated in the heart of Dangs district altitude of 1000 m Gir hills, Barda , Dhola range, Mandav Hills, Danta Hills etc. are some hill areas of Gujarat. Girnar is the tallest hill of Gujarat. Highest peak - Guru Dattatreya (1145 m). 88. Which one of the following is NOT the port town of Gujarat? (a) Jamnagar (b) Okha (c)Porbandar (d) Veraval Answer-a ExplanationKandla Port is one of the largest ports serving Western India. Other important ports in Gujarat are the Port of Navlakhi, Port of Magdalla, Port of Pipavav, Port of Porbandar,
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Okha, Veraval, Dahej and the privately owned Mundra Port. 89. Who among the following has been awarded the prestigious Abel Prize for the year 2011 ? (a) Isadore M. Singer (b) John Griggs Thompson (c) John Willard Milnor (d) Peter D. Lax Answer-c ExplanationThe Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters has chosen one of the living legends of mathematics, John Willard Milnor of the Institute for Mathematical Sciences in the University of Stony Brook, U.S.A, for the award of its prestigious Abel Prize for the year 2011. 90. Assertion (A) : Kerala stands first in terms of human development human development index. Reason (R) : Its unemployment rate is the highest in the country. Select the correct answer from the code given below : Code : (a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A) (b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is NOT the correct explanation of (A). (c) (A) is true, but (R) is false. (d) (A) is false, but (R) is true. Answer-b ExplanationKerala stands first in Human Development Index among the states in India, while Chandigarh stands first in Human Development Index among the Union territories in India. Unemployment rates, especially among educated youth, started increasing during the 1980s. Faced with a stagnant economy, international migration, especially to West Asia, was a welcome respite for the people. Kerala got transformed from being an agrarian economy to a money-order economy, with very high levels of consumption and very poor goods production. Today Kerala has the highest rates of unemployment in the country and has touched nearly 29% in 2004-05 compared with the national average of around 8%. 91. Who among the following film actors was given Mother Teresa Award in March 2011? (a) Prem Chopra (b) Rajesh Khanna (c) Shammi Kapoor (d) Shatrughan Sinha Answer-a ExplanationHe played the evil anti-hero in Bollywood for decades but Prem Chopra is a gentleman off screen and the veteran will be honoured with the Mother Teresa Award for his humanitarian work and five-decade-long career. 92. Which one of the following Indian States has recently signed a $ 220 million agreement with the World Bank? (a) Bihar (b) Kerala (c) Maharashtra (d) Tamil Nadu
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Answer-a ExplanationThe World Bank Wednesday signed a $220 million reconstruction aid agreement with the Bihar government to rebuild the flood-affected areas of the state with new bridges, roads and houses. 93. According to the World Bank's Global Development Finance Report 2010 the correct descending order of the world's five most indebted countries is (a) Russia, Brazil, China, Turkey, India. (b) Russia, China, Turkey, Barzil, India. (c) Russia, China, Brazil, India, Turkey. (d) Russia, Brazil, India, China, Turkey. Answer-b Explanation- World's five most indebted countries Russian Federation- 402,453 (US$ millions) China ------------------378,245 Turkey -----------------277,277 Brazil -------------------255,614 India --------------------230,611 94. In February 2011 India International Youth Film Festival was held in (a) Hyderabad (b) Kolkata (c) Mumbai (d) New Delhi Answer-d ExplanationThe Second IIYFF was held on 1st and 2nd Feb. 2011 at Jawahar Lal Nehru University Campus, New Delhi. It was a great success and the response was overwhelming. The Two Day festival was inaugurated by Honble Vice-Chancellor Prof .S . K . Sopory of JNU along with the Senior Actor Sushma Seth and number of celebrities and dignitaries at SSS-1 Auditorium, JNU Campus. 95. At the 83rd Oscar Award the best film award was won by (a) Black Swan (b) The Fighter (c) The King's Speech (d) The Social Network Answer-c Explanation83rd Oscar Award: Actor in a Leading Role-Colin Firth in The King's Speech Actress in a Leading Role-Melissa Leo in The Fighter Directing-The King's Speech Tom Hooper Best Picture-The King's Speech Iain Canning, Emile Sherman and Gareth Unwin, Producers 96. The foundation stone of the third Indian Research Centre in Antarctica was laid by the name of (a) Sarswati (b) Bharti
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(c) Anweshan (d) Yamnotri Answer-b ExplanationIndia is all set to build the third such centre in Antarctica at a cost of Rs 230 crore to take up cutting-edge research in various fields. The new station, tentatively named Bharti, is scheduled to be operational by 2012, making India a member of an elite group of nine nations that have multiple stations in the region. Dakshin Gangotri, set up in 1984, was buried in ice and had to be abandoned in 1990, a year after India set up Maitri, the second station. The National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research (NCAOR), Goa, will set up the new station on Larsmann Hill, 3,000 km from Schirmacher Oasis, where Maitri stands. 97. The author of the book "The Emperor of All Maladies : A Biography of Cancer", for which 2011 Pulitzer Prize has been awarded, is (a) Farid zakariya (b) Geeta Anand (c) Jhumpa Lahri (d) Siddhartha Mukherjee Answer-d ExplanationIndian-American physician Siddhartha Mukherjee has become the fourth person of Indian origin to bag the prestigious Pulitzer Prize 2011 in the general non-fiction category for his acclaimed book on cancer, The Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography of Cancer. 98. The 18th Rajiv Gandhi National Sadbhawana Award has been given to (a) Shabana Azmi (b) Mulana Wahiduddin Khan (c) Javed Akhtar (d) None of the above Answer-b ExplanationEminent Islamic scholar and champion of peace and harmony Maualana Wahiduddin Khan has been bestowed with 18th Rajiv Gandhi National Sadbhavana Award for his outstanding contribution towards the promotion of communal harmony, peace and goodwill at a function held at Jawahar Bhawan in New Delhi. 99. India in February 2011 signed Free Trade Agreement with (a) Australia (b) Indonesia (c) Japan (d) South Korea Answer-c Explanation16 February 2011, Japan and India have signed a free-trade agreement. They are trying to make it easier to sell goods between the two countries. Japan is trying to build greater trade links since it was recently overtaken by China as the world's second biggest economy. 100. India has recently signed Comprehensive Economic Co-operation Agreement with (a) Indonesia
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(b) Malaysia (c) Saudi Arabia (d) Vietnam Answer-b Explanation- Anand Sharma, Union Minister of Commerce & Industry and Mustapa Mohamed, Minister for International Trade & Industry, Malaysia, signed the India-Malaysia Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement (CECA) in the presence of Malaysian Prime Minister, Mohd Najib Razak at Putrajaya in Kuala Lumpur on February 18, 2011. The Agreement will come into effect on July 1, 2011 and the first review will be held within a year of coming into force. 101. Which one of the following districts of Uttar Pradesh has the highest literacy rate as per the provisional figures of 2011 Census? (a) Gautambuddh Nagar (b) Ghaziabad (c) Kanpur Nagar (d) Lucknow Answer-b ExplanationDistrict-------------Average Literacy rate Ghaziabad-----------------85 Gautam Buddha Nagar-82 Kanpur Nagar-------------81.3 Lucknow------------------79.33 102. Thumri Singer Girija Devi belongs to (a) Banaras Gharana (b) Agara Gharna (c) Kirana Gharana (d) Lucknow Gharana Answer-a ExplanationGirija Devi is an Indian classical singer of the Banaras gharana. She performs classical and light classical music and has helped elevate the profile of thumri. 103. Match List- I with List - II and select the correct answer from the code given below List I (District) List II (Headquarters) A. Jalaun 1. Akbarpur B. Kanpur Dehat 2. Navgarh C. Sant Ravidas Nagar 3. Padrauna D. Kushinagar 4. Orai Code : ABCD (a) 4 1 2 3 (b) 4 3 2 1 (c) 2 1 3 4 (d) 1 2 4 3 Answer-a ExplanationDownloaded From:http://upscportal.com

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Jalaun District, named after town of Jalaun, which was the former headquarters of a Maratha governor, but the administrative headquarters of the district is at Orai. The administrative headquarters of Ramabai Nagar district formerly known as Kanpur Dehat district are at Mati, Akbarpur. Sant Ravidas Nagar is a district of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. The city of Gyanpur is the district headquarters. Kushinagar District is a district of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. Padarauna is the district headquarters. The district is named for Kushinagar, a Buddhist pilgrimage site where Gautama Buddha attained parinirvana in the 6th or 5th centuries BCE. 104. The first Women General Secretary of SAARC, elected in January 2011, comes from (a) Bangladesh (b) Sri Lanka (c) Maldives (d) Bhutan Answer-c ExplanationSAARC gets its first woman Secretary-General in its silver jubilee year the former Maldivian Attorney-General, Fathimath Dhiyana Saeed, is all set to succeed Indian diplomat Sheel Kant Sharma, who will complete his tenure of three years by the end of this month. 105. Famous Charkula dance is associated with (a) Avadh (b) Bundelkhand (c) Brij Bhumi (d) Rohilkhand Answer-c ExplanationThe spectacular dance from Braj region of Uttar Pradesh - the land of Lord Krishna and his consort - Radha. Veiled women balancing large multi-tiered circular wooden pyramids on their heads, alight with 108 oil lamps, dance to the strains of 'rasiya' - songs of Lord Krishna. Charkula is especially performed on the third day after Holi - the day which Radha was born. According to legend, Radha's grandmother ran out of the house with the charkula on her head to announce the birth of Radha, Since then, Charkula has formed a popular dance form of Brajbhoomi, performed during various festivities. 106. Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel Agricultural University is located at (a) Faizabad (b) Meerut (c) Kanpur (d) Jhansi Answer-b ExplanationSardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut established on 2nd October 2000 has the honour of being First Agriculture University of the 21st century. It is a professional University providing education, research and extension activities in integrated manner. 107.Match List- I with List- II and select the correct answer from the code given below: List- I List- II (City) (Aerodrome)
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A. Lucknow 1. Babatpur B. Varanasi 2. Kherai C. Kanpur 3. Amausi D. Agra 4. Chakeri Code : ABCD (a) 4 3 1 2 (b) 2 1 4 3 (c) 3 2 1 4 (d) 3 1 4 2 Answer-d ExplanationCity---------------Aerodrome Lucknow---------- Amausi Varanasi----------Babatpur Kanpur------------Chakeri Agra-------------- Kherai 108. The official bird of Uttar Pradesh is (a) Peacock (b) Saras (c) Parrot (d) Cuckoo Answer-b ExplanationAlthough designated as the offical bird of Uttar Pradesh, the Sarus crane finds itself under threat. Despite a protective High Court order, the economic plans of the government threaten to disrupt the birds' habitat. 109. The most popular religious magazine 'Kalyan' is published from (a) Mathura (b) Rishikesh (c) Gorakhpur (d) Varanasi Answer-c ExplanationThe Gita Press is one of the world's largest publishers of Hindu religious texts. It is located in Gorakhpur city of India's Uttar Pradesh state. It was founded in 1923 by Jaya Dayal Goyandka for promoting the principles of Sanatana Dharma. Hanuman Prasad Poddar was the founding and the lifetime editor of its noted magazine, Kalyan. 110. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched ? (a) Virendvan Mandir - Mathura (b) J.K. Temple - Lucknow (c) Vishwanath Mandir - Varanasi (d) Devipatan Mandir - Tulsipur Answer-b ExplanationVirendvan Mandir-------- Mathura J.K. Temple---------------Kanpur
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Vishwanath Mandir - ----Varanasi Devipatan Mandir--------Tulsipur 111. Which one of the following statements regarding Uttar Pradesh, according to the provisional figures of 2011 Census is not correct? (a) It accounts for 16.5 percent of the country's population. (b) It has the largest number of children in the country. (c) Its decadal growth rate is 18.4% (d) Its sex ratio is 908. Answer-c ExplanationDecadal growth rate----20.09 Sex ratio-------------------908 Proportion of child population (0-6 yrs)-14.90 Proportion of total population---16.5 112. In which of the following crops Uttar Pradesh is not the largest producer in India? (a) Potato (b) Rice (c) Sugarcane (d) Wheat Answer-b ExplanationCrop-Three largest producing States ( order) Rice-West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh Wheat- Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana Sugarcane- Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu Potato- Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Bihar 113. In ICC Cricket World Cup 2011 the "man of the tournament" was (a) Kumar Sangakkara (b) Sachin Tendulkar (c) Tilakratne Dilshan (d) Yuraj Singh Answer-d ExplanationMan of the Tournament-Yuvraj Singh Man of the Match in the World Cup Final- Mahendra Singh Dhoni 114. The Winner of All England Badminton Championship, 2011, Men's Singles Title, was (a) Chen Jin (b) Lee Chong Wei (c) Lee yong Dae (d) Lin Dan Answer-b Explanation- All England Badminton Championship, 2011-Singles Lee Chong Wei (Malay.) -Male Wang Shixian (China)- Female 115. The winter of Australian Open 2011, Men's Singles, was
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(a) Andy Murray (b) David Ferrer (c) Novak Djkovic (d) Roger Fderer Answer-c ExplanationNovak Djkovic has won two Grand Slam singles titles, the 2008 and 2011 Australian Open championships, becoming the first player representing Serbia to win a Grand Slam singles title and the youngest player in the open era to have reached the semi-finals of all four Grand Slam events, separately and consecutively 116. The Captain of the India Hockey Team for Azlan Shah Cup Hockey Tournament, 2011, was (a) Arjun Halappa (b) Rajesh Kumar (c) Rajpal Singh (d) Shivendi Singh Answer-a Explanation-Azlan Shah Cup hockey tournament, 2011 held at Ipoh, Malaysia from May 5 to 15. The team played under the captaincy of Arjun Halappa. 117. Farrukhabad is known for (a) carpet weaving (b) Glassware (c) Perfume manufacture (d) Hand printing Answer-d ExplanationHandprinting work (here called as Zardozi work) is also a large industry, which employs thousands of workers. Earlier printing of Farrukhabad was supplied to all over India and also some abroad countries. But due to the city is separated from the highways and also from the good conveyance so now-a-days printing business came down to a few printing industry. Farrukhabad is a biggest city of producing Potato in the state and also supplies all over India. As Potato is the biggest agricultural product of the district. 118. In the 34th National Games, 2011 which State 'won the team title in Badminton in Men's Section ? (a) Andhra Pradesh (b) Kerala (c) Maharashtra (d) Tamil Nadu Answer-b ExplanationKerala, dominated the proceedings in the Badminton team event, at the recently concluded 34th National Games Badminton events held at the Thakur Vishwanath Shahdeo Indoor Stadium at Ranchi, Jharkhand. Kerala won both the men's and the women's badminton team events overcoming the challenge of badminton powers Andhra Pradesh & Maharashtra. Badminton Men's Finals: Kerala beat Andhra Pradesh 3-2 Badminton Women's Finals:
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Kerala beat Andhra Pradesh 2-1 119. 'Stanley Cup' is associated with (a) Badminton (b) Basketball (c) Golf (d) Ice Hockey Answer-d Explanation- The Stanley Cup is an ice hockey club trophy, awarded annually to the National Hockey League (NHL) playoffs champion after the conclusion of the Stanley Cup Finals. 120. The "Laureus World Sportsman of the Year" award for 2010 was given to (a) Lionel Massi (b) Rafael Nadal (c) Ronaldo (d) Sachin Tendulkar Answer-b (Most correct answer) ExplanationLaureus World Sportsman of the Year, 2010-Usain Bolt, Athletics - Jamaica Laureus World Sportswoman of the Year, 2010 -Serena Williams, Tennis - United States Laureus World Team of the Year, 2010- Brawn GP Formula One - United Kingdom Laureus World Sportsman of the Year, 2011-Rafael Nadal, Tennis Spain 121. 'Smash' is associated with which of the following sports? (a) Boxing (b) Wrestling (c) Football (d) Volleyball Answer-d Explanation-The smash is the main attacking shot used in volleyball and is probably one of the hardest moves to master. 122. Bula Chaudhary is well-known in which of the following sport disciplines? (a) Swimming (b) Hockey (c) Football (d) Archery Answer-a ExplanationBula Choudhury is a former national women's swimming champion of India. She is the first woman to cross seven seas. She twice swam the English Channel first in 1989 and again in 1999. She was awarded the Arjuna Award in 1990. She is now is planning to establish a swimming academy in Kolkatta. She is a Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M)) legislator from Nandanpur in West Midnapore district in West Bengal. She was also awarded Padma Shri award. 123. Tejaswini Sawant is the first Indian woman to be crowned World Champion in (a) Athletics (b) Boxing (c) Shooting (d) Wrestling
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Answer-c ExplanationTejaswini Sawant is an Indian shooter from the Maharashtrian city of Kolhapur. Sawant won a bronze medal in 50 metre rifle three positions at the 2009 ISSF World Cup in Munich. On 8 August 2010 she became the World Champion in the 50m Rifle Prone event in Munich, Germany. She was the first Indian woman shooter to win a gold medal at the World Championships with a world-record equalling score in the 50 m Rifle Prone event. 124. The correct descending order of the four winners of the highest number of gold medals in the 34th National Games 2011 is (a) Services, Manipur, Haryana, Maharashtra (b) Services, Haryana, Manipur, Maharashtra (c) Services, Manipur, Maharashtra, Haryana (d) Services, Haryana, Maharashtra, Manipur Answer-a ExplanationRank Nation Gold 1 Services -------------70 2 Manipur -------------48 3 Haryana--------------42 4 Maharashtra --------41 5 Jharkhand------------33 125. Sonu bought a watch with 30 percent discount on the labeled price. He sold it with 20 percent profit on the labelled price. Approximately, what was his percentage of profit on the price he bought? (a) 50 (b) 65 (c) 70 (d) 85 Answer-c ExplanationSuppose labeled price = L Sonu bought a watch = L X 70/100 = L X 7/10 He sold = L X 120 /100 = L 12/10 Profit = L 12/10 - L X 7/10 = L X 5/10 Percentage of profit on the price he bought = L X 5/10 X 100 divided by L X 7/10 = 500/7 = 71.42 126. Which one of the following will come next in the series given below? LXF MTJ NPN OLR _____ (a) PHV (b) PPV (c) PTV (d) PJW Answer-a ExplanationLMNOP X T P L J or H F J N R V (Difference between first two word-3 then 2 then again 3 thereafter will be again
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2) so answer will be PHV 127. If COMPUTER is coded as RFUVQNPC, the code for MEDICINE will be (a) MFEDJJOE (b) MFEJDJOE (c) EOJDEJFM (d) EOJDJEFM Answer-d ExplanationC R (Last word of COMPUTER) O F(One word ahead of E of COMPUTER) M U (One word ahead of T of COMPUTER) P V (One word ahead of U of COMPUTER) U Q (One word ahead of P of COMPUTER) T N (One word ahead of M of COMPUTER) E P (One word ahead of O of COMPUTER) R C (Initial word of COMPUTER) Applying above coding Answer will be EOJDJEFM 128. Introducing a girl Mohan said, "Her mother is the only daughter of my mother-in-law" How is Mohan related to that girl? (a) Brother (b) Father (c) Husband (d) Uncle Answer-b Explanation- Girls mother is the only daughter of Mohans mother-in-law. So Girls mother will be wife of Mohan. 129. The following series has a wrong number1 12 65 264 795 1590 1593 The wrong number is (a) 65 (b) 264 (c) 795 (d) 1590 Answer-d Explanation1 12 12 x 5 +5 65 65 x 4 + 4 264 264 x 3 + 3 795 795 x 2 + 2 1592 130. Govind is 3 years older than his wife Shyam and four times as old as his son Raghu. If Raghu becomes 15 years old after 3 years, what is the present age of Shyam? (a) 60 years (b) 51 years
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(c) 48 years (d) 45 years Answer-d ExplanationG = S + 3 ------------------------1 G = 4 X R------------------------2 R + 3 = 15-----------------------3 R = 12 G = 4 X 12 = 48 S = 48 3 = 45 Years 131. Ten years ago Ram's age was half of Moti's age. If the ratio of their present age is 3:4, what is the total of their present ages? (a) 25 (b) 28 (c) 32 (d) 35 Answer-d ExplanationR 10 = M/2--------------------------- (1) R/ M = ------------------------------- (2) After solving above equation R = 20 M = 15 R + M = 35 years 132. Manas started a business investing Rs. 42,000. After 7 months, Kamal joined him with a capital of Rs. 50,000. At the end of the year, the total profit was Rs. 30,160. What is Kamal's share in the profit ? (a) Rs. 10, 000 (b) Rs. 20,160 (c) Rs. 10,160 (d) Rs. 8,000 Answer-a ExplanationManass share in business = 42,000 x 12 Kamals share in business = 50,000 x 5 Kamal : Manas = 250 / 504 Kamals share =250 / 754 x 30,160 = 10,000 133. The surface area of a cube is 384 m2. Its volume will be (a) 512 m3 (b) 516 m3 (c) 1032 m3 (d) 216 m3 Answer-a Explanation6 x A2 = 384 A=8 Volume = 83 = 512
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134. There are four prime numbers. The product of first three is 385 and the product of the last three is 1001. First and the last numbers are respectively: (a) 5, 11 (b) 5, 13 (c) 7, 11 (d) 7, 13 Answer-b ExplanationConsider prime number 5, 7, 9, 11, 13 The product of first three = 5 x 7 x 11= 384 The product of the last three = 7 X 11 X13 = 1001 Four prime number will be 5, 7, 11 and 13 135. If the number 1 X 5 X 0 1 is divisible by 11, then is equal to (a) 2 (b) 6 (c) 8 (d) 3 Answer-c Explanation- Divisibility by 11 A number is divisible by 11 if the difference of sum of the digits in the odd places and sum of the digits at even places is zero or divisible by 11. Sum of the digits in the odd places = 6 Let X = 8 Sum of the digits at even places = 8 + 8 + 1 =17 The difference of sum of the digits in the odd places and sum of the digits at even places is 11 and divisible by 11. Correct answer will be 8. 136. Avinash spent 2/5 of his income for a month on rent and 3/4th of the remainder on other expenses. The balance of Rs. 180 he put in his savings account. How much was his income for the month ? (a) Rs. 1,200 (b) Rs. 1,400 (c) Rs. 1,600 (d) Rs. 1,800 Answer-a ExplanationM Monthly income 2/5 M Rent Remaining income = M 2/5 M = 3/5 M 3/5 M x = 9/20 M Other expenses 180 = balance Applying above in following equation 2/5 M + 9/20 M + 180 = M 8/20 M + 9/20 + 180 = M 17 M + 3600 = 20 M 3 M = 3600 M = 1200

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137. The author of 'Green Development' is (a) M.J. Bradshaw (b) M. Nicolson (c) R.H. Whittakar (d) W.M. Adams Answer-a (?) 138. The missing number in the following series: 0, 4, 18, 48, ?, 180 is (a) 58 (b) 68 (c) 84 (d) 100 Answer-d Explanation4 22 = 4 18 32 X 2 = 9 X 2 = 18 48 42 X 3 = 16 X 3 = 48 ? 52 X 4 = 25 X 4 = 100 180 62 X 5 = 36 X 5 =180 139. The World Tiger Summit 2010 was held at (a) Bangkok (b) Nairobi (c) New Delhi (d) Petersburg Answer-d ExplanationThe Tiger summit 2010 at St. Petersburg, Russia, the first ever global tiger summit to save the tigers from extinction, from 21 November 2010 till 24 November 2010. The thirteen tigerrange countries namely India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia and host Russia participated in the tiger summit. Besides these nations many international organisation on Tiger also participated. The nations and the organisations together endorsed a plan known as Global Tiger Recovery Programme to increase the number of wild tigers by double by the year 2022. 140. The author of 'Nuclear Reactor Time Bomb' is (a) C.C. Park (b) E.P. Odum (c) S. Polasky (d) Takashi Hirose Answer-d ExplanationLong-term activist and author Takashi Hirose is author of "Nuclear Reactor Time Bomb." Hirose had predicted an imminent megaquake and nuclear accident at the Hamaoka plant. 141. The World Water Conservation Day is observed on (a) 28 February (b) 22 March (c) 5 June
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(d) 11 July Answer-b ExplanationWorld Water Day has been observed on March 22 since 1993 when the United Nations General Assembly declared March 22 as World Day for Water. 142. The Periyar Game Sanctuary is renowned by (a) Lions (b) Spotted deers (c) Tigers (d) Wild Elephants Answer-d (Most correct answer) Explanation- The national park was incepted in 1934 with a name Nellikkampatty Game Sanctuary. Later it was renamed as Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary in 1950. The sanctuary was declared a Tiger Reserve in 1978. Later in 1991, Periyar was brought under Project Elephant. This sanctuary offers the unique opportunity to watch and photograph wild elephants at close quarter. 143. Which one of the following cities has the largest slum population? (a) Bangalore (b) Chennai (c) Delhi (d) Surat Answer-d Explanation-Proportion of slum population Greater Mumbai -54.06 Delhi M. Corp. - 18.74 Kolkata -32.48 Bangalore -10.02 Chennai-18.88 Ahmedabad-13.46 Hyderabad-17.23 Kanpur-14.42 Pune-19.39 Surat-20.89 All India-24.13 144. Which one of the following is the most urbanized country of West Asia? (a) Israel (b) Kuwait (c) Qatar (d) Saudi Arabia Answer-b ExplanationCountry-------------------------Urban population Kuwait 96.2 Qatar 92 Israel 91.6 Saudi Arabia 87.6
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145. Which of the following countries suffer from the acid rains? 1. Canada 2. France 3. Norway 4. Germany Select the correct answer from the code given below : Code : (a) 1 and 2 (b) 1 and 3 (c) 2 and 3 (d) 3 and 4 Answer-b ExplanationPlaces with significant impact by acid rain around the globe include most of eastern Europe from Poland northward into Scandinavia,the eastern third of the United States, and southeastern Canada. Other affected areas include the southeastern coast of China and Taiwan. 146. According to the provisional figures of Census 2011 arrange the following districts of Uttar Pradesh in descending order of their population size and select the correct answer from the code give below : 1. Allahabad 2. Azamgarh 3. Ghaziabad 4. Lucknow Code : (a) 1, 3, 2, 4 (b) 1, 4, 3, 2 (c) 2, 3, 1, 4 (d) 4, 1, 2, 3 Answer-a ExplanationAllahabad- 5,959,798 Ghaziabad- 4,661,452 Azamgarh- 4,616,509 Lucknow- 4,588,455 147. According to the provisional figures of 2011 Census the lowest sex ration in India is found in (a) Chandigarh (b) Daman and Diu (c) Dadra and Nagar Haveli (d) Haryana Answer-b Explanation(a) Chandigarh-818 (b) Daman and Diu-618 (c) Dadra and Nagar Haveli-775 (d) Haryana-877 148. Which one of the following States of India has recorded the maximum increase in literacy rate during 2001-2011? (a) Bihar (b) Gujarat
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(c) Rajasthan (d) Uttar Pradesh Answer-a Explanation- Maximum increase in literacy rate during 2001-2011 Bihar-16.82 Uttar Pradesh-13.45 Gujarat-10.17 Rajasthan-6.65 149. As per the provisional figures of 2011 Census the second most populous State of India is (a) Andhra Pradesh (b) Bihar (c) Maharashtra (d) West Bengal Answer-c Explanation-Population Census 2011 State------------------ Population Uttar Pradesh-------- 199581477 Maharashtra--------- 112372972 Bihar------------------ -103804637 West Bengal ----------91347736 150. Which of the following statements are correct according to the provisional figures of Census of India 2011 ? Use the code given below to select the correct answer : 1. The lowest population is found in Lakshadweep 2. Chandigarh has the highest population density. 3. Arunchal Pradesh has the lowest population density. 4. Dadra and nagar Haveli has the highest decadal gorwth of population. Code : (a) 1 and 2 (b) 1, 2 and 3 (c) 2, 3 and 4 (d) 1, 3 and 4 Answer-d ExplanationThe lowest population- Lakshadweep (64429) Population density-Highest Delhi 11297 Chandigarh 9252 Pondicherry 2598 Daman and Diu 2169 Lakshadweep 2013 Bihar 1102 West Bengal 1029 Population density-Lowest Jammu and Kashmir-----------------56 Mizoram-------------------------------52 Andaman and Nicobar Islands------46 Arunachal Pradesh-------------------17 Highest decadal growth of population
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Dadra and Nagar Haveli -------55.50 Daman and Diu -----------------53.54

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