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HAZRAT UMAR (R) 634-643 A.D. (13-23 A.H.)
This is security that Hazrat Umar (R), the servant of Allah, the commander of the faithful, granted to the people of Aelia: "This security is for their lives and possessions, their churches and their crosses. It is for all, whether healthy or sick. Their churches and their appurtenances, their crosses, and their lands will not be reduced in any way. There will be no harshness or oppression upon them in the matters of religion, nor shall they be harmed in any way"
Editorial Balkanizing India Synopsis of the Month
War on Terror and Collapse of the Justice System 27
Shahzad Masood Roomi
Shehla Zafar Muhammed Sanaullah
Return to the Golden Age From Indus to
Rawalpindi Ph: 051-5598046-7 Cell: 0321-5001370 Web: www.brasstacks.pk
The Ultimate Solution ... !
Dear Readers )\ssalam-o-)\laiklUl1 In the 21 st century, the global peace and security is reliant on the strategic stability of South East Asia, particularly in the subcontinent. This region has been turned into a nuclear flash point, endangering more than one billion lives due to India's hegemonic, oppressive and expansionist policies. India has annexed many of the princely states since 1947. Kashmir is the most vivid example of the Indian coercive strategy in the region. Apart from that, Indian secret service has been involved in assassinations and regime change operations in the neighboring countries. Since the last decade, India, in collaboration with the US, has been waging a covert war on Pakistan. With an ever-increasing Indian hankering to become a global player, the strategic equation in the subcontinent has tilted dangerously. Pakistan is the last obstacle that India needs to overcome in order to become the regional power and now the Indian policy analysts are proposing the dismemberment of Pakistan. These are alarming developments on the ever turbulent Eastern front! Time is ripe for Pakistan to consider the ultimate solution to the Indian problem with the help of regional players, i.e., Balkanizing India to its original historical shape, when she was comprised of many small independent states. There will be no peace until India remains in its current shape and size. This issue of Brasstacks also includes an analysis of the epic failure of Pakistan's judicial system in providing support to the armed forces on the critically sensitive legal axis in their fight against the enemy's irregular war combatants in Pakistani urban centers. Resultantly, the Pakistani state continues to face the threats of the enemy's irregular war combatants who are enjoying a veiled protection from within Pakistan in the form of current anti-terrorism laws. This is more of a governmental failure than a judicial one, as the judiciary can act only within the confines of the constitution. Due to this startling malfunction of the legislative bodies, not a single terrorist has been convicted since the last 11 years through the judicial procedure. This issue suggests some radical policy level measures in this regard. On the economic axis, the power and energy crisis has reached critical levels, foreboding an ominous threat to the entire economy and national cohesion due to uncontrolled inflation. If foreign intervention, government failure at policy formation, and terrorism were not enough, the economic meltdown due to energy and power crisis would certainly bring the country to a deadly halt. This issue of Brass tacks unveils how the current government has artificially created a power and energy crisis in order to systematically destroy the national economy, despite the country possessing vast energy and power resources. )\11 these national security challenges are a mere upshot of the ultimate crisis of leadership and statesmanship in the country.All the subsequent problems can be overcome swiftly, provided that this great nation of ours gets visionary and courageous leadership. May Allah bless us with a worthy one who can lead this country to its destiny. Ameen,
The final solution for permanent peace in South Asia
by: Zaid Hamid India must be Balkanized! This is the only natural logical solution for sustainable peace inAsia. Global peace and stability has been fatally endangered due to the fiery geostrategic milieu in South East Asia. India's hegemonic and expansionist policies have proved to be the gravest threat to a region wherein three nuclear powers possess mutually exclusive and long term strategic interests. Apart from the current critical geostrategic and geopolitical circumstances, India's internal social landscape demands that it must be divided into multiple smaller states for good. The suggestion of this division is not based on any kind of anti-India rhetoric, but history bears witness that India, in her current size and constitution, is an unnatural combination where millions of people are deprived of their basic human rights, while being forced to live in this federation. 160 or more insurgent movements, the greatest number in the world, forcefully endorse this statement. There are solid grounds which provide a rationale and justification for Balkanizing the Indian federation into its natural structure as it had been throughout her 7,500 years of known history. India was never a single state, rather it was a division of multiple empires and states governed and ruled by different administrations and dynasties.
India is the only state in the entire world which has hostile relations with all her neighbors, including two nuclear powers: Pakistan and China. This hostility is driven by the fanatically violent ideology of Hindutva, which has caused the whole region to become a nuclear landmine which can explode any minute. Had India not been in her current size, the entire region would have been saved from the current explosive situation. India is ruled by a minority class of elite Brahmins for whom the rest of the Indian population comprises of mere untouchables. The fascist Hindutva ideology which is now controlling India's internal and external security policies is inherently violent and anarchic which makes honorable co-existence for Indian minorities - Muslims, Sikhs, Dalits, Shudars, Christians, Tamils and other castes - impossible. The Indian subcontinent is complexly dense with respect to religions, cultures, languages, values and traditions owned by various nations residing within India. Quite often these beliefs contradict with each other and create severe frictions in society. Given the inherent contradictions of the Indian society and politics, every nation must have its own country carved out ofIndia
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in order to protect its rights and beliefs. This is the only way to ensure stability and progress among these nations. These crucial facts also prove that the division of India, in 1947, into two independent states, based on the Two-Nation theory, was absolutely sublime and just as it set hundreds of millions of Muslims free and saved millions of more lives, including Hindus, which would have been wasted had Pakistan not been created.
India-An Artificial Federation:
India was never one country but a patchwork of alliances, deceitful conspiracies, shifting loyalties, loose associations, and constant rebellions against the center. Even the mighty Mughal armies could not control the entire territory: If they quelled a rebellion in the West, trouble would start brewing in the East; if they crushed an aggressive potentate in the North, the South would be in revolt. Today history is being repeated. India inebriated by a meager success on economic and diplomatic level is blind to the real self-portrait of caste-infested penury leading towards Balkanization. India as a single country is a misnomer and history proves this assertion. The British "Indian" Empire included parts of the subcontinent, Iraq, Burma etc. The French "Indian" Empire included parts of the Subcontinent plus Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam. The Dutch "Indian" Empire included Indonesia and parts ofthe subcontinent.
Many think ofIndia as a monolith state. In actual fact, there were more than 570 independent states before Lord Clive entered Calcutta. Even during the Company Raj (Plassy to War of Independence) the East India Company controlled a small portion of the territory (1176-1857). When the Crown formally took over South Asia after the Company had almost lost the War of Independence (Great Indian Mutiny), it controlled only about 40% of the region. The rest of the area was ruled by princes, potentates, rajas, kings, badshahs-who possessed varying degrees of sovereignty and independence. Some of the larger states were very independent; for example, Hyderabad was a country by itself, and Bhopal and Kashmir were also not ruled by Delhi. The British conquered various kingdoms in the Indian subcontinent one by one. Then, for ease in administering (ruling) the conquered territories, the British set up an administrative unit called India. A country or administrative unit called India (or by any other name), comprising of the current territories of India, never existed in all known history before the British conquest and consolidation. India, as a country, by any name, never existed before the British colonial rule, despite the oft-repeated false propaganda of the long history about the unity of India. Now once again most of the Indian states, which were once ruled over by different rulers, want to be independent; this has resulted in over 100 insurgencies going on in India. The nations in East Punjab, Kashmir, the Seven Sister states of the
Northeast, the Naxalites and Nagaland do not want to be part of India. Chennai and Tamil N adu are more concerned with the Tamilian brothers of Sri Lanka and of Bangalore. The Seven Sister states of the Northeast consider themselves as colonies under the military rule of Delhi, and guerilla war is going on in all of them. Kashmir has been in turmoil for 25 years, crying for freedom or better autonomy, and in many central states the Maoist-Naxalite, guerilla wars have been going on for decades.
India in Modern History:
Currently, India's grand strategy revolves around the idea of Akhand Bharat (United India). This ideology is the harbinger of the Indian hegemonic expansionist designs towards her neighbors, particularly Pakistan, as according to it, India has every right to invade and reunite the lands which were separated from it in 1947. This insane desire has not only brought millions of Indians to a social and economic demise but, more ominously, has endangered global peace as well. The entire region has turned into a nuclear landmine, which can explode any moment, due to the Indian belligerence that started right after independence in 1947, under the aspirations of Akhand Bharat ideology. In 1948, Nehru forced all the states to join the "Indian Union". Any state that tried to exist independently was to be declared as an enemy state, and India would be at war with it. He used a fake article of accession to send forces to Kashmir and tried to occupy it. This article of accession was never presented to Pakistan or the UN-and is now purportedly lost-as if it ever existed. Nehru allowed Patel to instigate "Police Action" against Hyderabad and overtook it. The same story was repeated about 560 times. Junagarh and Manvadar had opted to join Pakistan but were forcibly incorporated into India. prison camp in today's "free" world. It's a cage confining millions of Kashmiris as hostages by more than 700,000 Indian troops who possess the license to kill with complete impunity. Kashmiris are subjected to the most brutal kinds ofhuman crime and atrocities by the Indian forces. There has been a continuous duel between the oppressors and the determination of the freedom fighters for more than a 100 years now. The only things that changed in Kashmir during this time are the faces of the oppressors, the atrocities of the Indian forces, and the Kashmiris' fervor for freedom, which is increasing with every passing hour. India has been shaken by the Kashmiris' recent, unimaginably strong will against the Indian state terrorism. Murders, abductions, custodial killings, shooting of protestors, raping of women, and robbing and torching dwellings are routine acts committed by the Indian army and the paramilitary forces, under specific laws made for the Kashmiris, in order to oppress them. Ironically, there has been an amoral
Kashmir is the most explosive of insurgencies in the present times. For the last 63 years, the Indian military has used every tactic and means, ranging from bullets to curfews to sealing off the territory, in order to restrain and silence the voice of the Kashmiris from reaching the world. Kashmir is the oldest unsolved dispute and the largest
global mum over this critical issue by the otherwise very active and efficient human rights activists. This indeed is a conspicuous crime against humanity. After waiting too long for the international community to pay heed to the pleas for justice, now the subjugated Kashmiris' are determined to make the international community hear their voice through the recent revolts in the Indian Held Kashmir (IHK). The Kashmiri struggle turned into a new intifada recently when the youth, children and even women took to the streets, armed with stones - the weapons of the oppressed civilians against the tyrants - braving death. On the other hand, the Indian military is using every kind of tactic in its arsenal to bulldoze the Kashmiris' freedom struggle, but have failed miserably so far.
Hindu politicians in India have been using Chankya's doctrine as their political guide. After independence, Chankya's book "Arthshasthar" has become the Indian foreign policy manual, according to which it would be essential for India to suppress her opponents in the region by using their neighbors, and never to confront the opponent state unless it has been rendered too weak to fight against India. The current Indian foreign policy is a vivid example of this ideology: India is working on the dismemberment of Pakistan through Afghanistan; in the past it had tried to establish relations with Iran for the same purpose. To develop Chankya's ideology further, special political science institutions are being developed in India. Chankya Institute of Public Leadership (CIPL) has been established recently and is described as the first of its kind in India. It is a training school for the future leaders, inspired by the ancient Indian wisdom through Chankya's 'Arthshasthar' as the supreme text on Raj Neeti. The political thinking of the future Indian leaders, trained in these institutes, must not be difficult to anticipate.
Understanding the Indian Political Philosophy:
To cope with the ideological vortex of this Indian expansionism, it would be prudent to have a look at the underlying political ideology which is driving the Indian political and external policies. Indian politics and policies are being driven by two thought processes:
2- Fascist Ideology of Hindu tva:
Unknown to the world, a terrorism-breeding fascist ideology is taking decisive control over the largest "democracy" of the world, posing an existential threat to the region, as well as to the world at large. Under the facade of secularism, driven by extreme sentiments of hatred, and a desire for revenge for being humiliated and ruled over for a thousand years by the Islamic and Western civilizations, the Hindu Brahmin zealots in India are inflaming the masses' religious passions to a mad frenzy, spreading the cancerous ideology into the
1- Machiavellian Politics ofChankya:
The present global political system of the democratic world is based on the political science developed by Machiavelli. This system is cruel and treacherous, and this has been proved by the recent history of global politics. There is neither any ethical boundary, nor any shred of fair play in this political system. However, the question arises whether Machiavelli was the first one to devise this kind of a political system? The answer is 'No'. Chankya's works predate Machiavelli by about 1,800 years. His work was rediscovered, in the beginning of the 21 st century after it had been lost near the end of the Gupta Dynasty. Since then, the
Indian establishment as well as the armed forces. This frenzy harbours a fierce desire to take control of India's military and nuclear weapons in order to wage a decisive and total war for "Akhand Bharat" or greater India! The boundaries of this mythical land for the Brahmin elite stretch from Malaysia to Kabul, but Pakistan remains the first and the most formidable hurdle in this proposed Hindu Zionist expansion. Pakistan fights not just for its own identity, ideology and geography, but also for the entire civilized world, against this lurking but hitherto unknown threat!
Outcome of Brahmin's Hindutva Ideology:
The vice of social inequality in India has gripped the backward classes and communities which are treated as untouchables in a reprehensible form, denying them any social or economic justice. There is no opportunity for these classes to develop their individual personalities and to participate in the pleasures and happiness oflife. Indians claim that the problems of poverty and unequal distribution of wealth is confined to the bigger cities and towns in India, but the problem accentuated by the vice of social inequality prevails in the entire country. For instance, the Harijans constitute a large class of landless labourers who are treated as untouchables by the rest of the community. They have no houses to live in, hardly any clothing to cover themselves with, hardly any nourishment available to them, and sometimes even decent drinking water is beyond their reach. Moreover, the poor have no access to legal assistance. Vulnerable to injustice, poverty fosters frustration, ill-feeling and a brooding sense of injustice. Democracy realizes that this problem, which concerns a large number of citizens, cannot be successfully met unless the law is used wisely to restore balance to the economic structure and to remove the causes of economic inequality. But the use of the law for bringing equality can only be achieved through Balkanization of India into small countries. For most of the Indians, their Indian identity is important to them only while they travel abroad, talk about Bollywood, or watch a cricket match. Factually, there reside multiple frictions and fault lines within the Indian society, which is profoundly dominated by a savage caste system that creates a sense of being less
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human among the lower classes. Indian democracy is such a shameless sham that it has strengthened the caste system in order to help the Brahmin political elite to become more powerful during the last sixtytwo years. Not only are the deprived sections losing their Indian identity, but now their regional identities of being Marathis, Biharis, Bengalis etc. are being further segregated into Rajputs, Reddys, Patels, Kshatriyas, Jats, Kurmis, Vaniyars and Dalits. Every caste is fighting for its own survival at the cost of others. This phenomenon has prevailed historically in
India - housing the world's largest slums
India, and 62 years of a fake and sham democracy has worsened it further, hence the artificial Indian federation is slowly but surely moving towards its logical dismemberment as it is the only natural course. Consequently, a majority ofIndians is fed up with the 'shining India' slogans and wants to break away from this man-made system. Their sense of deprivation has grown so strong that there are almost 140 separatists' movements going on in some 200 districts all over India. India comprises of 28 states, mostly formed in 1956 in an effort to reorganize the administrative units along ethnic and linguistic lines, after the British colonial rule. Some districts of a particular community were included in the states belonging to other communities. This attempt by Delhi to control the local sentiments led to two tiers of separatist movement:
Armed militant struggle to get out of the Indian clutches Political activism inside India for the creation of new provinces / states.
Active Autonomist Movements in India:
use of the Assamese language. This had to be withdrawn later, under pressure from the Benga1ispeaking people in Cachar. It was discovered in the 1980s, that electoral lists had been manipulated, to tum locals into minorities in the world's largest democracy. This manipulation once again exposed India's true face, consequently stirring an armed rebellion inAssam. Separatist groups, like the United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA) and the National Democratic Front of Bodo1and (NDFB), emerged during the same time
Now the chickens have come home to roost. The situation is so tense in some ofthe insurgent areas, that today the central government of India controls only 40% of the total territory of the land mass of the country. This is similar to the British Raj. The Naxa1s control 40% of the land, and Assam and Kashmiris control the rest. Indian forces deployed in these states are fighting a lost war as people have openly refused to accept the Brahmin oppression. These insurgencies and separatist movements are the outcome of decades of Hindutva oppression of other classes in India, yet this ideology preaches to grab more and more land mass by invading the neighboring countries. The demand for new states has opened the floodgates of secession.
Since the mid-20th century, people from present-day Bangladesh (then part of Pakistan), have been migrating to Assam. In 1961, the Government of Assam passed a legislation, making compulsory the
period. Despite assurances of regional autonomy and self-governance, these groups continue their revolt with full support of the local tribes as they all are deprived even of the basic necessities of life. ULFA and other such groups seek to establish a sovereign Assam via an armed struggle. The situation in Assam has turned very serious in the recent years due to the communal clashes that continue in two central districts of the state: Udalguri and Darrang. These clashes are the manifestation of Hindutva ideology seeping into the Indian society at every level. The Government ofIndia had banned the organization in 1990 and classified it as a terrorist group, while the US State Department lists it under "Other groups of concern". Military operations against it by the Indian Army which began in 1990, continue till date. In the past two decades, some 10,000 people have died in the clashes between the rebels and the government. To make matters worse, Bodos, Dimasas and Karbi tribes of Assam have renewed their demand for separate states carved out of Assam following the Centre's decision to create a separate Telengana state.
and Arunachal Pradesh, and is inhabited predominantly by the Bodo-speaking ethnic group. Currently the hypothetical map of Bodoland includes the Bodoland Territorial Areas District (BTAD) administered by the non-autonomous Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC). The map of Bodoland overlaps with the districts of Kokrajhar, Baksa, Chirang and Udalguri in the state of Assam.
The rebel movement in Gorkhaland is yet another example of multiple levels of divisions within India. There are so many nations within the Indian federations, fighting for the survival of their
The social scars created by the criminal negligence of the Brahmin elite of Delhi are so severe and deep that India is suffering divisions within divisions. Insurgencies have further divisions within them, segregating the Indian society even more. Bodoland is a classic example and presents a complete case study in this regard. Bodoland is an area located at the north bank of the Brahmaputra River in the state of Assam in the northeastern region ofIndia, by the foothills of Bhutan
language, culture, economic interests and political identities. This phenomenon would continue unless these nations get their rightful stature in the comity of nations. This particular movement is an example of political separatist and nationalist movements. The Centre's move to initiate the process of carving Telengana state out of Andhra Pradesh, triggered another separatist movement by the members of the Gorkha lanmukti Morcha (G1M) in the Darjeeling hills and Dooars, demanding Gorkhaland state. The centrifugal forces continue to grow and ask for more and more.
"We do not want to stay with West Bengal. We want to be liberated from the colonial rule of the West Bengal government," GJM General Secretary Roshan Giri told reporters.
established as well. Along with Minipur, N agaland is a no-go area for the Indian military units, particularly comprising oftroops from other areas as well.
A high-intensity armed insurgency has been going on in this Indian state since 1955, when the Indian army invaded it in order to subdue the nationalist tendencies of Naga in Assam. Later on, the Indian government tried to pacify the tribes through the facade of political and diplomatic negotiations. N agas began their political struggle through Naga National Council (NNC) but in 1967, when the Indian government denied their demands, armed rebellion began and training camps were established in the Jotsoma jungles. This insurgent movement was organized during the later years for the establishment of the proposed state of Nagalim by the rebel organization National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN). A government-in-exile by the name of 'Government of the People's Republic of Nagaland' has been A separatist insurgency began in 1964 with the demand of a sovereign state, separate from the Union of India. Lack of development, plundering of local resources, and a general discontent are the major contributing factors for this uprising. The international Human Rights Watch argues that humanrights violations by the Indian Security Forces have only fuelled the insurgency. It adds that the Indian Army has at times acted with impunity as the antiterrorism laws in the state make the prosecution of the human rights violators difficult.
There are currently 34 groups, including non-violent ones, that demand independence from India. In 1999, some of these groups coalesced into an alliance organization called the "Manipur People's Liberation Front." Of these, the most prominent is the United National Liberation Front (UNLF) with an estimated 2500 active militants. As of today, Manipur is the worst case scenario in the north-east as far as militancy is concerned. Apart from the fact that there are more militant groups in the state than anywhere else - at least seven prominent groups operate in Manipur - the rivalries between these outfits often leads to greater violence.
Khalistan is a proposed state. The Khalistan movement is a movement in the Indian Punjab for the creation of "The Land of the Pure" as an independent Sikh state in all Punjabi-speaking areas, which include
language on the vast majority of the Tamil-speaking masses. There is anger among Tamil nationalists that a 3,000-year-old language has not this been made the official language ofIndia, instead such status had been given to Hindi. They recall the words of the DMK founder, Anna, who spearheaded the anti-Hindi agitations in the 1960's and argued that if Hindi were made the national language because it was spoken by the majority, then by the same reasoning, the common crow and not the peacock should have been made the national bird. The Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) dropped its demand for a separate Dravida nation almost half a century ago, in 1963. Had the fore-mentioned 1962 law not been passed, and had the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) continued to use its vast resources and skills in its campaign for freedom of Tamil N adu from India, today most Tamils would be clamoring for an independent Tamil Nadu, free from the Indian rule. However, growing protests in Tamil Nadu against the Indian military assistance to Colombo in its war against the LTTE have resurrected separatist rhetoric in the mainstream politics. Water distribution problems with other states also played a maj or role in the rise ofthe Tamil rebellion.
Indian Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and some other Punjabi-speaking parts of states like Gujrat and Rajasthan. Although Sikhs have played a critical role in Indian defense during the last 63 years, but now even they have realized that they would always be treated as a colonized community by the Hindu Brahmin. Dil Khalsa is one of the most ferocious separatist movements and is still active internationally despite receiving a severe below in 1984 when the Golden Temple was attacked by the Indian forces. Rebel organizations include Khalistan Commando Force, Babbar Khalsa International, Khalistan Zindabad Force, International Sikh Youth Federation and Khalistan Liberation Force. After Hyderabad was broken up and its pieces parsed out to "Andhra Pradesh" and other areas, the state ceased to exist. The city which was a center of Muslim culture and Urdu learning and was the cultural Mecca for the Muslims, ceased to exist. Now various ethnicities in Andhra Pradesh are
The Tamil movement, being run by Tamil National Retrieval Troops and Tamil Nadu Liberation Army, has been driven by Delhi's decision to impose Hindi
fighting among themselves--the Telangana plan was to create a separate state. Other groups pushing for separate statehood in India are ratcheting up pressure on the government after New Delhi gave its nod for a separate Telangana state to be carved out of the southern state of Andhra Pradesh.
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The Red Corridor:
The Red Corridor is a term used to describe an impoverished region in the east of India that experiences considerable Naxalite communist terrorist activity. These are areas that also suffer from the greatest illiteracy, poverty and overpopulation in modem India, and span parts of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Jh arkh and, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal states. The Red Corridor is almost contiguous from India's border with Nepal to the northern fringes of Tamil Nadu. The Naxalites have a force of approximately 15,000 cadres spread across 160 districts in the states of Orissa, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Maharashtra, Karnataka and West Bengal. They operate primarily in the lawless, denselyforested areas of India's interior, with some estimates saying that the Naxalites control approximately 10.03 million hectares (about 25 million acres) of forests nationwide. They also have an active campaign to
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recruit students and other youth to help spread their left-wing extremism into India's towns and cities. However, thus far, the N axalites have not demonstrated the ability to operate in urban areas. The areas encompassed by the Red Corridor tend to have stratified societies, with caste and feudal divisions. Much of the area has high indigenous tribal populations (or adivasis), including Santhal and Gond. Bihar and Jharkhand have both caste and tribal divisions and there is violence/ friction present between these social groups. Andhra Pradesh's Telangana region similarly, has deep caste divides with a strict social hierarchical arrangement. Both Chattisgarh and Orissa have significant impoverished tribal populations.
Hindutva and the Region!
India is a disintegrating state; there are factions within the state fighting for their freedom but they do not have any diplomatic support, and this is where Pakistan's role becomes decisive. Indian coercive diplomacy played a key role in breaking Pakistan in 1971, and now it is payback time for Pakistan. Indian nuclear status must be the most worrying aspect for the whole world at this point, owing to the ever increasing multi-level segregation in the Indian federation and more importantly the existence of Hindutva- following military top brass. To conceal her inner weaknesses, India remains in a state of war with all of her neighbors. The 62 year, history of the Indian federation has witnessed the Indian overt or covert assaults on all its neighbors, particularly Pakistan, Bangladesh and China.
of the world and its quest for stability and economic development cannot bear much fruit. This power allows New Delhi to playa manipulative role in the Nepal politics in a way that serves its own interests. India, using the historically-proven successful ideology of Chankya, exploited the internal grievances of the Nepalese people against their government, just like she is doing in Pakistan. Counter- insurgency and peace treaties both failed in Nepal as the insurgency was motivated by India, using Nepal's socio-economic crisis as an excuse. This allows India to play a big part in the Nepalese politics in order to benefit herself. For example, India played a major role in 1951, in the removal of Nepal's 104-year-old Rana Dynasty, the continuation for 30 years of a monarchical rule, and the restoration of multiparty democracy in 1990, due to a direct result of its decision to ignore the wishes of New Delhi in what was, superficially, a trade and transit dispute. India also discouraged the Nepali aspirations to have equally friendly relations with China and Pakistan. Tension between Nepal and India began in 1990 when India forwarded a draft treaty proposal containing extremely humiliating demands from Nepal. The treaty
Sri Lanka: Strategically located in the Indian Ocean, this island country is extremely critical for India from a geostrategic point of view. Indians have been contesting for the control of this country through covert support for the Tamil Tigers since the last 3 decades. These Indian-backed insurgents wreaked havoc in entire Sri Lanka, killing thousands of Sri Lankan nationals in their attacks. Though the insurgency was suppressed in 2009 with the help of China and Pakistan, but Sri Lanka had to face the Indian diplomatic offensive, in the form of humanrights violation propaganda, launched through the UN and other humanitarian organizations, in order to undermine the Sri Lankan efforts to subdue the Indian- backed insurgents. Nepal: Just like the case of the Tamil insurgency in Sri Lanka, India played a key role in creating and supporting the Maoist insurgency in Nepal. Nepal is a landlocked country, surrounded by India on three sides. The remaining northern part is separated from China by the Himalayas. This geo-political situation has forced Nepal to be completely dependent on India for trade, commerce and sea- access. Without India's cooperation, Nepal's engagement with the rest
Forbade Nepal from entering into any military alliance with any other state or organization without prior consultation and agreement with India. Obliged Nepal to consult India in advance when importing arms, training armed personnel, and raising additional military units. Gave India and its nationals first preference in Nepal's development and industrial projects whenever Nepal sought foreign assistance for such purposes. Ensured India's preferential involvement in exploiting water resources originating from shared rivers.
All the learned scholars and political historians agree that until Nepal finds a way to cut the strings from India once and for all, she will always playa dramatic part in how the country is run.
economic disaster of our time. Apart from water aggression, Indian military forces continuously violate the international border with Bangladesh. On the diplomatic front, India has accused Bangladesh and Pakistan of supporting insurgencies within India, which actually are the outcome of social atrocities of certain classes and communities in the Indian federation. China: Being one of the most powerful global players in the economic and political spheres, China certainly remains the biggest challenge for India. India has had historically turbulent relations with Beijing owing to the tension over the border dispute of Tibet and Hamachal Pradesh. Both countries have fought a war over this region in 1962. India had to face a humiliating defeat at the hands of the Chinese. In the recent times, new axes of Sino-India rivalry have emerged in the military, economic and political vortexes. China is a historically powerful civilization in this region and now she is expanding her economic and political clout all over the world. On the other hand, driven by insecurities and sheer sense of humiliation, the modem day India, which came into existence only in 1947, is trying to replace China. For this purpose, India is seeking global support and sympathy from the West and the US, who are using the Chinese excuse to arm and help India.
Bangladesh: India played a central role in the creation of Bangladesh in 1971 by exploiting the mistrust of the citizens of East Pakistan and soon afterwards the Bangladeshi people got a taste of the Chankya doctrine, when India, under the facade of many security and economic aid packages, tried to convert this country into one of her colonies. The secession of East Pakistan was actually a move derived from the Indian desire of Akhand Bharat and the creation of Bangladesh was the first step in this regard. In the second phase, India signed many agreements with the Mujeeb-ur-Rehman regime to practically colonize this country. This noxious game met with a bloody end when some Bangladeshi army officers hunted down the Indian pawn: Sheikh Mujeeb. Since then India has been desperately trying to secure Bangladesh but now the Bangalis have seen through the Indian game and are consequently resisting her plans. The Indian response is a quiet and sinister war against Bangladesh. Water aggression has remained the most powerful and successful strategy of the bloodless Indian wars in recent times. Apart from Pakistan, Bangladesh is also facing the same threat. India's plan for the construction of the Tipaimukh Dam, built on the River Barak is part of this most dangerous scheme being devised against Bangladesh in order to further harm all political, economic, financial and social spheres of that small country. Before this project, India had already built the Farakka Dam on the Indian side of the Ganges River, to stop the flow of water to Bangladesh. According to a study by Bridge and Hussain, Farakka Dam was the root cause of arsenic poisoning through groundwater in Bangladesh in 2004, and over 80 rivers in Bangladesh have dried up during the last three decades due to the construction of the Farakka barrage by India. Some environmentalists have termed this barrage as the greatest man-made
The Three Dynamics of the Indo-Chinese Relations:
Border issues regarding the Tibet region and Hamachal Pradesh: China has claim over these two areas while India declares them as its integral part. Geopolitical threat perceived by India due to the robust economic and military modernization of China. India has indulged in an armed race with China which is also affecting Pakistan's external security threat perception.
Sino-Pak relations are the real worrying factor for New Delhi. The strategic co-operation between Islamabad and Beijing in military and economic sectors has sent Indian policymakers into a complete panic mode. This co-operation is not only a manifestation
With the Indian water aggression, an entire new dimension has been added to an already very explosive Kashmir problem. Just like Bangladesh, Pakistan is faced with Indian policy of aggression. In 1971, India supported insurgencies and political chaos in East Pakistan to make a physical incursion across the international borders to attack and then dismember the Eastern wing of the country. Indian-backed Mukti Bahni carried out one of history's worst genocides of Pakistani citizens, especially those belonging to West Pakistan. Later, India violated all international laws, invaded East Pakistan, and allowed traitors like Sheikh Mujeeb to secede from Pakistan and create
Sino-Pak soldiers exhibiting longstanding friendship between the two the countries of China's rise in the military and economic domains, but has also helped Pakistan to be in a position of strategic comfort regarding defense and external security. All the bravado of Indo-China relations is just a cosmetic practice by Delhi to convince Beijing to limit its cooperation, particularly in the military domain, with Islamabad. But the Chinese are well aware of the Indian game plan and countered the Indian bluff successfully when it was suggested on a semi-official Chinese website that India must be Balkanized in order to gain regional stability. Pakistan: India is the traditional enemy of Pakistan and both the countries always remain in a state of war on the diplomatic level. Indian hegemonic policies, and the mad frenzy driven by the violent Hindutva ideology to create Akhand Bharat, have turned this region into a volatile nuclear flash point. The unjust division of the subcontinent's North Western region of Jammu and Kashmir and the illegal Indian occupation sowed the seeds of detestation not only across the subcontinent, but also within India, on a communal and religious basis. On four different occasions, since 1947, the world has witnessed the physical incarnation of this prolonged duel. The major cause of the wars in 1948 and 1965 was Kashmir. This decadesold dispute between the two arch rivals is a nuclear mine which can explode any moment. Bangladesh.
In 1986, both the countries came close to a war once again when nuclear-armed India carried out the largest military exercises along the borders with Pakistan, whose defense at that time was completely relying on conventional weapon systems. In 1999, both the countries bitterly fought over the hills of Kargil, almost leading to a high-intensity nuclear war. This war played a key role in highlighting the Kashmir issue and the possibility of a nuclear exchange in the subcontinent due to it. In 2002, another major standoff involving over a million armed
troops was witnessed by the world, almost to the brink of a regional nuclear holocaust. But Pakistan's nuclear arsenal was the only factor which averted an inevitable war. In 2008, after the Mumbai attacks ,both the countries again came dangerously close to another war. Apart from these, countless clashes over the Line of Control in Kashmir and across the working boundary have taken place. Any of these can lead to a full-scale war between the two nuclear-armed countries. Though there is a military ceasefire right now, but this constant state of confrontation is pulsating on all other axes - political, economic and diplomatic - and has always been ruthless, sinister and noxious. For Pakistan it is a matter of survival, for India it is part of her long-term hegemonic designs in the region as Pakistan is one of the principal hurdles in the Indian expansionist designs for the whole Eurasian region and Indian ocean. The fact of the matter is that both countries cannot co-exist, despite all the public relations facade put up by the politicians, diplomats and media, unless all the outstanding issues get resolved in a just manner. All those who do not accept this harsh truth are devoid of historical and military reality.
this menace. After 9111, the Indian and the US strategic interests converged completely vis-a-vis Pakistan. For the Indians and the Americans alike, Pakistan remains an irritation in the US game plan for the region in the 21 st century. Being an ideological state, Pakistan remains the ultimate threat to the American plan and Indian expansionist designs. On the geostrategic axis, PakChina relations, particularly their nuclear and military ties, are another factor where the Americans are completely on board with the Indians. This unanimity of strategic interests helped India to occupy centerstage in the US foreign policy for the region. India has the potential to serve the US interests against Pakistan and China both. But the Indians are playing their own game which revolves around the dream of becoming a global player by undermining Pakistan's nuclear capability and replacing China on the economic and political planes. To achieve the first phase of undermining Pakistan's nuclear potential, Indians, in open collaboration with the US, launched 4GW against Pakistan in 2004-05. Main vortexes of these wars are as under:
New Axes ofthe Indian War Against Pakistan:
After 1998, the Indians had realized that they could not find any solution to break Pakistan, which remains the biggest hurdle in their envisaged regional design on the strategic and political axis. 9/11 provided the Indians with an opportunity to disgrace Pakistan with the help of the US by painting Pakistan as the 'epicenter of evil and terrorism' that must be denuclearized in order to save its strategic assets and the world from terrorists. Right now, Indians are working on multiple axes against Pakistan in a complex 4GW. For this war, Afghanistan has been serving as a staging area for the Indian intelligence agencies to launch a covert rare area war with the help of irregular combatants recruited from Afghanistan and the tribal areas of Pakistan to act as Non-State Violent Actors (NSVAs). With the active support and collusion of CIA/Moss ad , Indian RAW turned Pakistan into a slaughter house by using the Afghan soil; they trained murderers of the TTP and created the prevailing strategic confusion in Islamabad about how to build a response to combat
Insurgencies in the North and North Western provinces. These are supported by Indian RAW from Afghanistan. TTP in FATA and BLA in Baluchistan are creating mayhem and chaos by unleashing terrorism and anarchy. Both insurgencies are completely heterogeneous in tactics and pose diverse challenges for the security forces. This frenzied situation presented foreign secret services like CIA, MI6 and RAW, and
Media Ops and propaganda warfare have been launched using disinformation, twisted analysis and planted intelligence reports about Pakistan and its possible extinction in the near future. The purpose of this propaganda war is to create a sense of hopelessness in the Pakistani masses, especially in the youth, in order to create a divide between the citizens and the armed forces and to dilute the ideology of Pakistan. After 9111, the Indians were desperate to convince the Americans that the real threat is from Pakistan and not Afghanistan, and even offered bases to the US on the Indian soil in order to attack Pakistan. That cunning Indian policy of using the Americans to fight their war remains alive and active to this day. The Indian RAW perpetrated attacks on the US consulates using TTP in Peshawar, to put the blame on Pakistan-based "Islamic terrorists".
private mercenaries like Blackwater (Xe Worldwide), with an opportunity to establish their independent footprints in Pakistan in order to carry out kidnappings, assassinations and sabotage operations, as well as eavesdropping and spying. The entire drone operations and subsequent assassinations are being conducted by the CIA and their mercenary contractors with impunity.
Economic intimidation of Pakistan and to destroy Pakistan's food supply chain through water aggression is relatively new, but is the most ruthless move in this hushed war by India. Violating the Indus Water Treaty, India built multiple dams on Pakistani rivers in the Kashmir region. Due to these illegal dams, India can block Pakistani waters or release excessive waters into Pakistani rivers in order to cause destruction through artificiallycreated floods.
Now this war has reached its advanced stage and Pakistan is being attacked like never before. The tactics of suicide bombings and ambushes on security forces have multiplied and the war has entered into Pakistan's urban centers. Pakistan's national security profile is presenting a rather disturbing picture as there is no clear and decisive response here at any axis. To make matters worse, the Indians are perfecting their Cold-Start strategy envisaged against Pakistan to invade and punish her. The Indian army recently carried out the largest military exercise just next to the Pakistani border in the Rajasthan sector. The US is helping India with the latest weapon systems in order to further increase the parity of the Indian forces in conventional warfare. On the other hand, Indianbacked irregular war combatants are attacking Pakistani military installations. The recent attack on PNS Mehran and the subsequent destruction of two P-3C Orion surveillance planes only benefited the Indian Cold-Start. This must suffice to ascertain that the Indians are after Pakistan's conventional warfare capabilities too, along with pursuing their long-term agenda of denuc1earizing Pakistan. The fact is that Pakistan and the region can never be at peace unless the Indian menace is not silenced for good. Pakistan can only answer the Indian covert
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aggression within her borders by adopting a similar response. That is the ultimate solution for Pakistan and for regional stability as well.
The Ultimate Solution:
The ultimate solution is to return India to its natural historical form, consisting of many smaller principalities, regions and territories, ruled by local rulers and lords, or to bring it under Muslim or foreign rule. This solution is natural considering the countless communities residing inside the Indian federation and their conflicts. This solution will benefit the minorities in India, and will ensure their safety along with their economic and political rights, which remain cramped under the current Brahmin Raj. To implement this final solution, the world community will have to be mobilized by Pakistan. Pakistan has some support in this regard from some countries that are facing the Indian aggression one way or the other. Pakistan must take the initiative to achieve the goal as a legitimate act of self- defense and to respond to the Indian act of breaking up Pakistan. Pakistan has all the right to break India - in selfdefense and in revenge, to achieve the natural balance
of power in the region for a just and lasting peace, else the world should wait for a nuclear holocaust which would be initiated by the Zionist Hindu ideology. India is actively supporting insurgencies in Pakistan which give Pakistan all the legitimacy in reciprocating this phenomenon on the Indian soil where more humans are desperate to break away from the treacherous Brahmin Raj. The Indian occupation of Kashmir and water aggression must be used as the second biggest driving factor behind putting this idea into motion. Finally, freedom struggles in other parts ofIndia give Pakistan a reason to dismember India. In 1971, India used the same excuse, but now Pakistan has a genuine cause in hand as Balkanizing India would not only ensure the regional stability, but would also set millions of poor free, enabling them to choose their destiny according to their own will. There exists a considerable potential to form a regional block against the Indian expansionist and intimidating foreign policies towards her neighbors. Isha Khan, a Bangladeshi researcher proposed the following as a solution to the Indian problem: "Best option for Dhaka is to cope with this new style war of New Delhi through its own tactics of modern warfare. In this respect, demonstrations inside Bangladesh, contacts of their opposition leaders with the affected communities of Manipur,
particularly abroad, organising protests in the US and Europe in cooperation with the environmentalists are essential for the survival of the country. All these efforts are likely to succeed with the help of the media which has become an important tool of warfare, and can also be employed for defensive purposes. " The Chinese have already hinted that they can consider this option. The International Institute for Strategic Studies published a report in 2009, containing a roadmap for breaking up India: "To split India, China can bring into its fold countries like Pakistan, Nepal and Bhutan, support ULFA in attaining its goal in Assam's independence, back aspirations of Indian nationalities like Tamil and Nagas, encourage Bangladesh to give a push to the independence of West Bengal and lastly recover the 90,000 sq km territory in southern Tibet. " According to IISS, the idea of the Balkanization of India is as old as the Indian state itself. After independence, in 1947, in the political circles of Europe, many observers were predicting that India, after the tragic start with partition, will not hold together. After all, India had never been a single political unit. The British Empire put it together and marked the boundaries from east, north and west. India does not have a common language. Immediately after independence there was internal fighting to redraw the boundaries of the different Indian states. The criterion of division according to the different languages was accepted. But many states are still quarrelling for the boundaries and for the utilization of river water. According to the report, Balkanizing India is the only ultimate solution for the subcontinent: "In view of the above, China in its own interest and the progress of the whole of Asia, should join forces with different nationalities like Assamese, Tamil and Kashmiris, and support the latter in establishing independent nation-states of their own, out of India. Only after India has been broken up into 20-30 pieces will there be any real reform or social change in the country." International media is also realizing this probable outcome of Hindutva-driven India. Christian Science Monitor stated the following in this regard: "In 2000, three new states were made: Chhattisgarh, which was part of Madhya Pradesh; Uttarakhand, from Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand,
out of Bihar. Telangana will be India's 29th state. More locally, there are fears that if the up and coming city of Hyderabad is included in Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, which has invested heavily in its main city, will lose significant amount of revenue. " These studies by the Bangali and Chinese intelligentsia, Indian history, and the internal chaotic situation in majority of the Indian states demonstrate that Balkanizing India is not just a theoretical idea but it must be perceived as a serious and practical political solution by Islamabad. Pakistan must forge an alliance with China, Srilanka and Bangladesh on a diplomatic, political and strategic level to achieve this solution. The separatists' movements in India need a voice on international forums and Pakistan can become their voice. This is exactly what the Indian diplomacy did to Pakistan in 1971 when they launched a global propaganda campaign against Pakistan and blamed us for committing "atrocities" in East Pakistan. This initiative would certainly help the Kashmir cause as well, where Pakistan's diplomatic activism has met with go-slows during the recent years. This is the only way forward for a permanent peace in the region and in the world which has been endangered by the violent Hindutva ideology and the expansionist designs of the Brahmin elite reigning in the Delhi. Pakistan will have to make a strong case on the diplomatic level by exposing what the world must know about the artificially-formed Indian federation by highlighting the internal demise of human rights, political and military suppression of the minorities, and the Indian confrontational attitude with all her neighboring countries, particularly with Pakistan and China, which can lead to a complete nuclear holocaust in the subcontinent. Fortunately, for Pakistan, this strategic thinking prevails in the region and needs to be nurtured. Pakistani foreign office has a massive task at hand and it must undertake it not only to secure our own borders, but also to ensure the lives of billions in the region that has been caught in the strategic rambling of a chaotic power and where the situation is getting explosive with every passing day. It is time to relegate India into the dustbin of history. It is do-able and must be done.
Synopsis of the Month
By: Zaid Hamid Eastern Front:
Pakistan's Navy was most severely incapacitated when the Indian backed TTP waged an audacious attack on the Naval base. But the threat that has now become reality is the massive global diplomatic maneuvering against Pakistan's nuclear program, that forms the backdrop ofthis attack. Pakistan is well and truly in a state of war but the political leadership remains treacherous almost causing a total collapse of national security. The ruling elite is still in fatal denial, considering it a local law and order issue and launching police FIR's for every act of war committed by enemy combatants in this ruthless conflict being waged on the streets of Pakistan. This is 21 st century warfare -decentralized, urban, asymmetric high intensity conflict through urban guerillas against a regular army and the state in order to soften it up for a regular invasion by hostile armies leading to occupation or dismemberment ofthe target state. The war doctrine of the Pakistani military, media and society still remains embedded in the 1965 mindset when wars were fought by regular armies on international borders. In 1971, Indians deployed urban guerillas in East Pakistan to cripple and bog down the regular Pakistan Army and then crossed the international borders to wage a two pronged war against the Pakistani forces- urban guerillas and regular Indian armies combined to create that lethal force which broke Pakistan. Now, another dangerous and sinister dimension has been added to the 1971 phenomenon: the USINATO factor. Urban guerillas and illegal enemy combatants are softening up the Pakistani armed forces and civil society in a high intensity urban war within Pakistan while Indian battle groups are waiting on the borders to roll in under their Cold-Start doctrine. The third axis i.e. the US and NATO are also waiting in the wings to make another Iraq or Libya of Pakistan. Pakistan today is entirely surrounded but the war doctrine remains obsolete and incapable of responding to these 21 st century threats which have already brought a new generation war
upon the nation. In this end phase, Pakistan is faced with the worst nightmare of national security where a simultaneous invasion by the US and India is highly plausible. This is a precarious situation for Pakistan's defense and security managers. Pakistan's epic political and diplomatic failure has been proven by the events that occurred after the American raid inAb bottabad on 2nd May, 2011. The massive unchecked diplomatic and psychological onslaught is the gravest failure by Islamabad, where a weak and incompetent government is reigning without any 'governance' whatsoever! The Pakistani foreign office is running without a Foreign Minister at a time when it is being targeted by an impetuous scheme that aims to isolate Pakistan in the comity of nations after having it declared a failed and a terrorist state. This is the gravest threat for Pakistan at the moment in the post-Abbottabad scenano. US law- and opinion-makers have already declared Pakistan as the epicenter of terrorism and are advising the American Congress to cut all kinds of aid to Pakistan. If the Americans are not pulling the economic plug totally, it is certainly not due to this corrupt regime in Islamabad, but to the fear of public and military backlash and suspension of their supply route to Afghanistan that is keeping them at bay! The policy of allowing CIA operators to work inside Pakistan has exposed the real damage done by this government to national sovereignty. The current policy of cooperation in the so-called WoT is self-
contradictory and self-defeating. During the last 10 years, the national leadership has failed enormou~ly i~ comprehending the rather simple fact that Pakistani and American interests in the region cannot have any unanimity in the post cold war era. In the American foreign policy vision, it is India which holds the key strategic position in the 21 st century while Pakistan's role is deemed to be reduced to a subservient state, thus protecting US/Indian interests in the region. This US designed arrangement envisions Pakistan surrendering the Kashmir cause as well. Meanwhile the US continues to build more pressure against Pakistan, raising the friction and increasing the possibility of a direct military clash between the two countries ifthe US repeats Abbottabad style raids, or public sentiments in Pakistan force the parliament to block US supplies through the country. It may seem almost unbelievable but Pakistan and the US can actually go to war. It only needs a spark!
It is not just that Pakistan is under attack physically on
ground- it is also being encircled legally and diplomatically through court cases, lawsuits and allegations to nail down Pakistan's security and intelligence apparatus. This is a total war against Pakistan but the amazing fact is that India remains at peace while waging this war, while Pakistan literally bums on all axes. US courts have registered cases against Pakistan's lSI and its DG, and the legal noose is being tightened while the US administration also accuses Islamabad of complicity in the Osama Bin Laden case. While the Pakistani security agencies desperately try to battle the urban enemy combatants, more attacks
Pakistan will have to do all in its power to influence the war in Afghanistan so that the Indians are denied a firm foothold in that country to create a second western hostile flank for Pakistan. Pakistan will have to enter Afghanistan to attack and destroy the terrorist sanctuaries there if the US and NATO cannot do it. If Pakistan does not take the war to the Indian backed insurgents inside Afghanistan, the war will continue flowing into Pakistani cities and towns. There are no two ways about it. Pakistan Army is now under severe attacks not just on the battlefronts but also in the international and local media. All CIA and RAW backed assets in local and international media as well as opponents in national politics have launched a vicious anti-army campaign directed at destroying the only institution that is holding this country together. The campaign is so intense that it actually caught even the military leadership by surprise. PML(N) are simply behaving senselessly, venting their rage against the army and playing right into the game plan being orchestrated by the CIA and RAW. Pakistan is now surrounded on three hostile axes on ground:
are reported every day almost exhausting the law enforcement agencies. Afghanistan remains the centre of gravity of all war and anarchy spreading into Pakistan today. All terrorism, insurgencies, war and bombings are flowing in from Afghanistan, backed by the Indian RAW and CIA. The entire terrorism campaign inside Pakistan is orchestrated from Afghanistan and the Pakistani tribal areas. For years, these terrorists have been protected by the CIA but sometimes when they turn rogue or are caught in the company of those wanted by the CIA, they get taken out as well. A very serious aspect is that while Pakistan remains well and truly in a state of war on the western borders, the Indians have started to flex their muscles on the eastern boundary too. India have just concluded military exercises near Pakistan's border and clashes along the Kashmir Line of Control have also become frequent, where Indians continue to test Pakistani defenses and response time. We can foresee the ongoing rapid military encirclement of Pakistan at a time when Pakistani armed forces are thoroughly bogged down in an urban war inside the national boundaries. Since 1971, the Indians have never achieved this level of military advantage and are now counting on the US and Western forces in Afghanistan and the Gulf to exert more pressure on Pakistan to further succumb to levels where its forces would not be able to resist the internal insurgency as well as an external high intensity attack by Indian battle groups under the Cold -Start doctrine.
USINATO, which are waging Pakistan under AfPak to cripple within. The entire Afghan war into Pakistan. Even the top US acknowledging this secretly.
a war inside the state from is being sent diplomats are
Indian battle groups, who are ready under their Cold-Start Doctrine to enter Pakistan the moment the situation within deteriorates enough to incapacitate Pakistani armed forces. Indian strategy is to bog down the Pakistan army within its own borders in multiple high intensity wars to make it impossible for it to respond to external threats. Insurgents and Terrorist gangs, who are waging a ruthless urban war from Karachi to Khyber, crippling the national economy, governance, law and order, and social fabric. The TTP, BLA and MQM are the prime CIAIRA W assets for this mission.
Apart from these physical theatres on ground, the war is also being waged on three additional axes against
intervened in Libya hiding behind the pretext that the Libyan army was committing crimes against civilians. MQM wants to draw the Pakistan Army into the city of Karachi for an urban war. That is the reason why we see so much disinformation and propaganda being spread against the Rangers, exploiting the mistake of one soldier who killed a boy. The MQM and PPP regime want to further cut the powers and control of Rangers which would create even greater mayhem ~nd anarchy in Karachi, thus forcing the army to step m. That would be the time for the MQM, which is fully armed even with anti-aircraft guns, to launch an urban war in the streets of Karachi. In that case NATO's supply lines would be disrupted as the entire present logistical operations are carried out through Karachi port. The US and NATO would need an alternate port further away from mainland Pakistan that would provide the shortest route to Afghanistan. Gwadar is the ideal port for these operations. The US and NATO want to take control of Gwadar in case Karachi gets out of hand or NATO supplies are disrupted. Pakistan's insurance policy
the state and the armed forces.
Economic collapse is being orchestrated and the Army's and lSI's funds are being blocked by the PPP regime. Media and launched. information war has been
A judicial collapse has been synthesized to prevent any legal remedy to the imposed war and insurgencies. Unknowingly, the Chief Justice is contributing to this onslaught against the forces in judicial over-activism, further demoralizing the armed forces. However, in the last 11 years not a single terrorist has been punished through the judicial system- and the government and the Supreme Court do not seem serious at all in addressing the real issue that is most urgent.
After China, Iran was the only other country which came to Pakistan's rescue, setting off an alarm over the US game plan to create internal chaos in Pakistan to disarm Pakistan's nuclear assets. The Iranian ~resident's alarm sent shock waves globally, and even III Islamabad where his words were respected and taken very seriously by Pakistani Armed Forces. The Pakistani armed forces and Iranians also feel that the US may be trying to create a Ben Ghazi type scenario in Pakistan- where the US and NATO
would be to give China the control of Gwadar. In that case, any attack on Gwadar would be an attack on China. This is where the PPP regime comes in very handy for the CIA. The Zardari regime refuses to give Gwadar to China despite strong pressure from the armed forces. Though the Pakistan Army appreciated the Iranian concern against US threats, the PPP regime was embarrassed and tried to play down the Iranian statement. The PPP regime is hand in glove with the CIA and is duty bound to protect US interests. The Pakistani foreign office under the control of the PPP regime tried to salvage its relations with the US. There were many speculations both in Islamabad and
needs allies in the region. China, Iran, Saudi Arabia and Turkey are the natural choices.
Despite all the frictions between Pakistan and the United States, the latter still remains hopelessly dependent upon Pakistan for survival in Afghanistan. The Afghan Taliban are gaining ground each day and now even Tajik and Uzbek groups are beginning to wage war against the US and NATO, causing heavy losses to the foreign forces. The NATO supplies and the ability of Pakistani lSI to act as mediator between the Afghan Taliban and Haqqani are the most useful strategic leverages which Pakistan has on the US. The US has no choice but to acknowledge the strengths and ability of the lSI to act as a game changer in the Afghan scenario. The US is desperate now. If the lSI decides to play tough, the US would face a disaster in Afghanistan. The Karzai regime also knows now that their future is tied with Pakistan. The US remains a foreign force, hated by the local population. Karzai has no future when the Americans leave or when Pakistan begins to re-exert itself inside Afghanistan. Pakistan is making sure that Karzai is well aware ofthis reality. in Washington for the source of the Iranian President's information. It is amusing that the media and the regime doubted BrassTacks and the author for influencing the Iranian President. Our latest visit to Iran and meeting with the top Iranian policy analysts and leadership stirred many imaginations. On the international plain, India suffered a major setback in their disinformation drive against Pakistan when a US court cleared a Canadian born man of his role in the Mumbai attacks. India was counting upon this case to nail down Pakistan and the lSI but is now red faced as their case fell flat. This was a major embarrassment for Indian secret services and the government in Delhi. The Pakistan Army and security establishment will have to fight a multipronged war in the coming days to defend not just the country, but also their own honor and prestige. The only solution is a regime change in Islamabad; else we should expect urban wars and anarchy. Pakistan is already in a state of undeclared war- invaded by internal and external enemies working on a comprehensive 4th generation war. These are unprecedented threats where Pakistan urgently
has now become a national security requirement.
It is the ultimate US desire to initiate a collision between Pakistan and the Afghan Taliban. Pakistan has been resisting this intense pressure by the US for a long time, but now US patience is running thin and they are actually threatening that if Pakistan does not initiate hostilities against the Afghan Taliban, the US would invade the tribal areas and do the job themselves. That would mean a total and complete war with Pakistani forces! It is a fearsome scenario for the entire region- and a dream come true for the Indians. It is very audacious of the US that Pakistan does not know of any such plans to start a fresh offensive in North Waziristan but US generals are speaking for the Pakarmy.
The ultimate US nightmare is the formation of a unified regional security and economic block between Pakistan, China, Iran, Turkey and Saudi Arabia. This is one more reason why the US cannot push Pakistan beyond a certain limit for fear of losing Pakistan totally. A realization of the fact that Pakistan's failure is not at strategic or tactical level- rather, it is a policy failure, is the first and primary requirement of handling the current situation. Pakistan is in need of a robust policy shift from US dependence in conventional warfare to a new regional security setup including Iran, China, Saudi Arabia and Turkey and if possible Russia as well. The prevailing security crisis demands a collective security arrangement on the regional basis. To achieve these grand strategic goals, Pakistan will have to bring about decisive changes in its foreign policy and diplomatic posturing. Diplomacy is still Pakistan's largest and most powerful option which can avert a potential war threat provided that the Pakistani government and foreign office play their cards carefully. To make a robust start, Pakistan must embrace its role as the key strategic player in the region by immediately signing a collective defense pact with China. The Chinese have already proposed a collective security arrangement for Asia. The post-Abbottabad national security scenario calls for rethinking and revisiting Pak-US relations. In the recent briefing to the parliament, it has been made clear that the military leadership is willing to accept any foreign policy adopted by the civilian government. But it must also be understood that this present regime in Islamabad is part ofthe problem and not part of the solution. Regime change in Islamabad
The US is losing the war in Afghanistan. Sooner or later, they will have to initiate talks with the Afghan resistance but right now the battle situation is in the favor of the resistance and not the occupation forces. For any talks or dialogue to succeed in the favor of occupation forces, ground realities must be changed in their favor. It is for this reason that the US wants Pakistan to wage a war for them in the tribal areas against the Haqqani group. In the end, the US will even talk to Haqqani but for now they want war to create a favorable situation. Also, Pakistan's role as negotiator of peace between the combatants becomes critical here. This is where Pakistan can actually dictate terms to the US. NATO supplies remain the major vulnerability of the US. Pakistan must use its geography, clout and military prowess to bring the US to its terms. Despite all the threats and intimidations, the fact remains that the US is not in a position to wage a war against Pakistan. Pakistani leadership must exploit this US weakness to eliminate Indian and CIA support for insurgent groups inside Pakistan.
It is a marriage which is breaking up. For the last 11 years, the US has been waging a secret war against Pakistan under the facade of 'War on Terror'. Obama's AfPak-doctrine actually meant that the Afghan war would now be shifted into Pakistan. For the last decade, the Joint Special Operations Command and CIA have been creating terror and insurgence assets like the TTP, BLA and MQM for this day when they decide to launch AfPak inside Pakistan. The US drone strikes are an integral part ofthis war which is meant to ignite hatred and anger in the Pakistani tribal areas
against the Army and Pakistani society. US drones are attacking those tribal communities which have peace deals with the Pakistan Army, or which are part of the Afghan resistance. TTP assets are not targeted by the drones. The lSI and Army have now seen through this game and are resisting US pressure at every step despite serious betrayals by the PPP regime against the national interest. That is why the US wants a removal of the lSI head, General Pasha, and is orchestrating a
vicious media campaign against the army and security forces. It is all connected to the resistance being offered by the army to the American and Indian game plans. The Pakistan Army is making it very clear that they are not happy with the way the US is exploiting the WoT to undermine Pakistan's national interests. US frustration is breathtaking. To avoid a very angry Pakistan Army, the US is working on the PPP regime to bypass the military establishment. Hamid Karzai is another stooge being deployed at this stage to exploit his clout within the Zardari camp. Karzai is only a stooge of the US with no inherent power in his own hand. He has close relations with Zardari and is working to find ways to bypass the military establishment to achieve US objectives. The reality is that Karzai is involved in waging a massive high intensity war inside Pakistan, allowing the USINATO and Afghan army to attack Pakistani positions to clear the way for TTP terrorists to operate in the tribal areas. Wherever the Pakistan Army begins to gain ground in the tribal areas, Afghan and NATO troops give safe passage and access to the TTP to withdraw into Afghanistan and re-group and reorganize. All these attacks originate from Afghan soil. Pakistani Armed Forces will continue fighting a reactive war inside Pakistani borders as long as we
have this PPP regime in Islamabad and US presence in Afghanistan. It is a self-inflicted wound on the Pakistani state which Musharraf gifted to the nation and now the PPP insists upon carrying it forward. The internal threats exist because the external threats support them from Afghanistan and India. There is no way the Pakistani armed forces can win this war without addressing the external factors orchestrating the internal threats.
These politics are so confused, shameless and disoriented that they have lost all sense of direction and purpose at a time when the nation is at war and economic and social anarchy is at its peak, threatening the very existence of the state. Opposition parties are looking for issues and excuses to stay in the picture but lack the strength, conviction and the numbers to create something positive. Promoting corruption, deceptions and diversions but not addressing or handling the real issues is the hallmark of this government, judiciary and opposition, literally sending the country to the dogs! The media and PML(N) remain busy bashing the army and creating false alarms over national issues. The Ministry ofInformation is spending billions of rupees in secret funding to orchestrate anti -army campaigns through compromised journalists. Corruption is alive and kicking as ifthere is no tomorrow, with officers of the highest level keeping embezzled assets abroad without declaring them to the tax department or the state. The much dreaded budget finally arrives, containing harshest measures sucking the blood of the citizens to fill the coffers of a corrupt regime working under the diktats ofthe IMP. Economic indicators are all blazing red with the vital food and health sectors taking worst hits. It is all figure-fudging when they try to show their progress. The budgets comprise of nothing but draconian blood sucking at state level. The entire focus is on taxing the middle class and the poorest through indirect taxes, while the rich and the powerful ruling class remain immune. Political parties are oblivious of the mounting storms and remain on the warpath with each other, creating more anarchy and governance failures in the country. If corruption is not enough to stall the state machinery, the war between the two largest parties is now bringing the house down even more rapidly.
The economic and political systems are both going down. The Supreme Court has disappointed many of its supporters as it has not yet taken any solid step to send this most corrupt regime packing. In fact, the recent actions of the SC against Rangers and on the murder of a journalist are actually damaging to the army at a time when the country is in a desperate state of war. If the anarchy gets any worse, the army will not have any choice but to step in to restore the balance. In our assessment, it is already too late for the army. The cost of restoring the system is rising every day as long as this regime is in power. This is a failed regime which is critically damaging the state as well. Every day, the cost of survival is rising as even the Supreme Court seems to have been compromised. Now it is the army or nothing! The odds are getting heavier and stronger against the armed forces. The patriots in the media and the youth are desperately trying to regroup and counter-attack to offer support to the armed forces. The battle is on big time!
While the focus of the world and the security agencies remains on FATA and fighting the TTP insurgencies, Baluchistan continues to slip out of the control of the federal government. A compromised and corrupt regime in Quetta is paving the way to a national disaster. This month the helpless governor finally decided to inform the federal government of his complete failure. The situation is indeed serious in Baluchistan where the Afghanistan based and Indian backed BLA continue to raise havoc. In Karachi, the SC decision to remove the DG Rangers has seriously demoralized the Rangers and now the targeted assassinations have risen again. Police in Karachi is corrupt and compromised, and is no match for the armed gangs of the city. The Rangers were the only stabilizing force and now even they are unwilling to do their duties. Karachi is going to be the next urban battleground where the MQM, ANP and other foreign gangs are working overtime to draw the army into the streets for an urban war. By attacking the Rangers in haste over doctored media reports, unfortunately, the SC has helped the enemies to achieve this objective.
Desperate times call for desperate measures!
By: Shahzad Masood Roomi
The prevailing chaos and crisis the Pakistani society is entangled in is not merely a law and order problem, but the result of a covert war, wherein the irregular enemy war combatants are ruthlessly attacking the Pakistani state and nation. Ironically, the national lawmaking institutions, political leadership, as well as the military establishment, have remained oblivious to this fact for the last decade. All that this government is trying to do is to overcome this daunting challenge via various administrative measures, relying on common practices of peace-time law and order situations like police FIRs and criminal investigations, and looking towards the collapsed judicial system for a permanent solution. Consequently, the national internal security
profile continues to get bleaker with every passing day. Except for military response and efforts, national security has been compromised in one way or the other at diplomatic and political level, as there is no realization of the war which is being waged against Pakistan. Diplomacy had failed a long time ago after a policy level disaster in 2001 when Pakistan joined the WoT without negotiating anything for its own national interests. The national media has been handed over to paid and sold-out analysts and anchors. Political parties shamelessly indulge in mud-slinging and point-scoring, and the economy is in complete chaos.
In this scenario, the judiciary had remained the only hope to keep intact the people's faith, by providing justice and prompt punishment to the culprits. But unfortunately, the judicial collapse that has emerged in Pakistan now is the worst one thus far, and due to it the faith of the masses in the judiciary has been shattered, and the national security is in complete panic on the internal axis. This failure has led the whole nation to the brink of complete social anarchy. A glimpse of this horrendous situation can be seen in many of our urban centers, particularly in Karachi. Subsequently, this leaves the military as the only institution to bear the entire burden of fighting a covert irregular urban war in Pakistani cities where the NonState Violent Actors (NSVAs) have been used by hostile forces like the CIA and RAW. The Law EnforcementAgencies and the military are fighting an extremely complex, nerve-wracking and endless war against the foreign-funded NSVAs within the Pakistani borders. The judicial crisis is so severe that the military top brass has openly expressed their unease with the current state of judiciary vis-a-vis convicting the terrorists. In this way the military top brass has marked the Achilles' heel in the entire chain of administrative and governance measures to combat this menace.
emerging challenge of the foreign terrorists trying to invade the US soil. Border security and health insurance services were the next in the list of services put under DRS. These provisions played a major role in the prevention of any high-scale terrorist attack in the US after 9111. The establishment of the DRS was followed by the comprehensive legislation of anti-terrorism laws to further enhance the efficacy of the DRS. USA Patriot Act was passed after 9111. This law, on its inception in 2001, faced a lot of criticism by the RR organizations and the critics, as it put every American citizen under observation by the various US authorities and departments. The title of the Act is constituted by a three-letter acronym (USA) preceding a seven-letter acronym (PATRIOT), which in combination stand for 'Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism'-Act of 2001. As its name suggests, it enabled the American LEAs to have appropriate tools like searching telephone, e-mail communications, medical, financial, and other records along with the provision of broader detention and deportation authority to the US immigration department working under the DRS. Apart from that, this act labels the American Citizens as 'Enemy Combatants' only on suspicions of being involved in terrorism. Despite all the political antagonism over every other issue, the US politicians showed complete unanimity over this critical one. While drafting this act, legislation in the following areas was done by the US congress and was supported by both the Republicans and the Democrats in the US congress and the senate. • • • • • • • Enhancing domestic security against terrorism Surveillance procedures Anti-money-laundering Border security Terrorism criminal law Victims of terrorism and their families Improved intelligence to prevent terrorism
Post 9/11 Changes Legislation:
9/11 changed the world, and internal security and antiterrorism laws all over the world were no exception to this change. The most visible change was observed at the global lawmakers' reaction against the emerging threats of terrorism and how they devised new ways and mechanisms to deter these threats. LEAs all around the globe got special permission to cope with the emerging internal security challenges. USA: The introduction of new anti-terrorism laws and measures began in the US after 9111 with the creation of the Department of Homeland Security (DRS). This new department was established by the Bush administration right after 9111 to prevent any emergence of local and foreign terrorism within the US. To achieve this, the department was provided full legal support from the US congress. Many services and departments were consolidated in the form of newly-formed agencies under the DRS. Immigration and custom services were put under DRS, and their functions and services were restructured as per the
Apart from the USA PATRIOT Act, there were other laws passed as well which shows the level of concern
among the US legislative bodies to strengthen the legal side of their efforts against terrorism. All the criticism and cynicism was ignored while devising this policy. The John Warner Defense Authorization Act officially allows the US President to implement martial law. This is perhaps the only law in the democratic world allowing the elected president to override all the state and local authorities and station troops anywhere in America to "suppress public disorder". UK: Just like the US, some of the toughest antiterrorism laws were introduced in the UK after 9/11. The changes made in the anti-terrorism laws gave special permission to the UK authorities to conduct their operations aggressively. New Control Orders regime was introduced, assigning unprecedented legal powers to the British police and other LEAs including a provision to impose curfew for 16 hours at any place on need basis, without wasting time in seeking approval from the British government. The purpose of these laws is to enable the British LEAs to monitor and investigate the suspects with a more comprehensive legal cover provided by the British government. Hence the UK authorities were able to detain 1471 suspects from 9/11 to 31112/2008. Though only 196 were finally convicted by the courts, but even that became possible only due to the new anti-terrorism legislation by the Labour Party. The British police was allowed to detain any suspect (without charging him) for 28 days. Furthermore, in 2007, the Academic Technology Approval Scheme (ATAS) directive was introduced as well to set strict criteria for foreign students who wanted to study in the UK. Along with obtaining the specific clearance before the visa application, the British government labeled some areas of sciences as "sensitive subjects" for the students hailing from countries not included in the European Union (EU). The British government had to face severe criticism from various comers including the HR circles from within the UK. The London based Guardian Newspaper published the following in 2009 in this regard: "Labour has passed an unprecedented amount of legislation since coming into power, roughly estimated as creating one new criminal offence for every day in office, with numerous pieces of antiterrorism legislation. "
Lord MacDonald who oversaw the government's review of counter-terrorism powers commented, , UK over-reacted after 9/11 attacks'. Lord MacDonald told theBBC: "I think we saw some powers, some laws, enacted which did go too far. " But a firm political commitment to provide the effective sheathing on the legal axis helped the UK intelligence and Law Enforcement Agencies to make that country more secure. According to the UK security chief, special powers to LEAs are the essential tool in cases where there is intelligence that someone is involved in extremism but has not yet committed a crime, such as someone associating with the known plotters. Countless terrorism suspects have been released by the Pakistani courts as the Pakistani LEAs have no such power or authority thus enabling the terrorists to seek easy acquittals from the courts. European Union: In the EU, work on anti-terrorism laws was already in progress before the 9111 attacks, but there existed a considerable amount of criticism over these proposed anti-terrorism laws. Two security packages, built on a considerable amount of legislation, were already under consideration. But the adaptation of these laws was still a concern which changed dramatically after 9111. This incident certainly sped up the process of adopting the highly debatable laws. This phenomenon was observed in the entire EU region, where the member nations reached a consensus which was not there previously. Had it not
been for 9111, it would have taken years of negotiations among the EU member states before implementing these laws. The regulations on asylum and immigration across the EU remained the major focus ofthe new laws. Evelien Brouwer asserts: 'It appears that the events of 11th September were, in the first months following this date, particularly used as a trigger to consolidate policies, measures or legislation, which had been waitingfor a long time for enough support, but found only acceptance in the joint resolution to combat terrorism after 9/11.'
Although the Indian reaction after 9111 was a biased one, but it was firm and decisive in nature. Prevention of Terrorist Activities (POTA) Act was the official constitutional and legal reaction to the threats like 9111. It was introduced in March 2002. Irrespective of its draconian nature, this law helped Indian LEAs to expand the legal precincts of their operations due to the provision of more powers and political will of the Indian lawmakers. Former deputy Prime Minister L.K. Advani, in 2002, described it as 'a post-91l1 imperative'. POTA was one of the harshest anti-terrorism laws passed after 9111 due to its abhorrent provisions like putting the responsibility on the accused to prove their own innocence. The confessions made to the police (often obtained under torture) were to be accepted as credible evidence in order to punish the accused one. Though this law was repealed once the BJP was ousted in the 2004 elections, but still it demonstrated the political will to constitute the required laws in order to deter any perceived threats by providing necessary or required powers to the Indian LEAs and military. personnel networks inside Pakistan, particularly in FATA and Baluchistan. Now both these areas have been turned into battle zones where the LEAs and intelligence agencies failed to check these terror networks preemptively due to the absence of any clear anti-terrorism policy and adequate legal tools to avert the plans of these terrorist groups. But that was just the beginning! Consequently, when the hostile intelligence agencies (CIA/RAW) established cloak-and-dagger terror networks in Afghanistan and FATA, which were completely asymmetric and irregular in nature and operation, the shortcomings of the Pakistani laws for the purpose of internal security were exposed completely. Pakistan is under attack, but ironically, the Pakistani government, the institutions and the lawmakers are still debating over how to improve the law and order situation! While the country is being attacked by foreign-funded murderers and anarchists, even the realization of the need to discuss these challenges and build responses is not there among the political elite of the country, which is too busy in plundering, looting and power-grabbing games. There is simply no political will or capacity to undertake this challenging task! The brief history of anti-terrorism laws in Pakistan vividly explains the sheer lack of commitment and earnestness by the Pakistani politicians. The last antiterrorism act was promulgated in 1997. Though the term "terrorism" was defined for the first time in this law, but this definition is certainly not going to help in coping with the threats of the ongoing multifaceted
State of the Pakistani Legislation:
Unlike the world community, not a single legislation attempt was made after 9111 to prevent and obstruct terrorist activities on Pakistani soil. This negligence provided opportunities to the global terrorist organizations to establish their financial and
intended to create unrest or fear, or to create a threat to the security of law and order. But before the military could bring about a positive change to the situation, the Supreme Court once again declared the ordinance as unconstitutional, as the politicians ofthe opposition (current government) filed cases against the validity of this ordinance. The ordinance was declared as unconstitutional once again as it had no legal authority and effect according to the SC. Later on, the Armed Forces (Acting in Aid of Civil Power) Ordinance was repealed in April 1999. However, "civil commotion" is still included as a crime under the Anti-Terrorism Act of 1997. In August 1999, the original 1997 Act was amended to authorize the establishment of ATCs all over the country. But these decisions failed because of the following factors: covert war. Apart from that, special Anti-Terrorism Courts (ATCs) were established along with the AntiTerrorism Appellate (ATA) tribunal. But it was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court of Pakistan right after it was enacted for the first time in 1997. Instead of addressing the SC's objections through amending the conflicting articles, the government of that time issued the Anti-Terrorism (Amendment) Ordinance. Apart from being a subject of reissuance by the President after every four months, this ordinance actually made the original antiterrorism act of 1997 quite ineffective in terms of investigating and convicting the suspects and terrorists, as the special Appellate Tribunals were disbanded and the appeals against the decisions of the ATCs were henceforth to be filed in the respective High Courts. Also, restrictions were placed on the earlier act's provisions regarding the trial in absentia to accord with regular legal procedures. After these changes, the law and order situation worsened once again, particularly in Sindh. The Government introduced Pakistan Armed Forces (Acting in Aid of Civil Power) Ordinance, 1998, through which broad judicial powers were given to the army units deployed in Karachi. Additionally, a new crime with the name of "civil commotion" was also introduced to punish anyone involved in creating internal disturbances in violation of law or intending to violate the law, commencement or continuation of illegal strikes, goslows, lock-outs, vehicle snatching/lifting, damage to or destruction of State or private property, random firing to create panic, charging extortion, acts of criminal trespass, distributing, publishing or pasting of a handbill or making graffiti or wall-chalking
The authority of the military to curb the culprits was repealed by the Supreme Court. On the other hand, the politicians did not address the primary legal weakness in the conviction of terrorists, that is the 'law of evidence'. It is still based on accounts of eyewitnesses instead of investigating the cases on a scientific basis. Due to the prevailing sense of insecurity, eyewitnesses often do not come forth to identify the terrorists, which makes their acquittals from the courts easy. LEAs had no authority to preemptively monitor, search and investigate the suspects without obtaining legal warrants. Appeals against the decisions by the ATCs were to be made in the civilian courts, which defeated the entire rationale of establishing ATCs.
After 9111, the anti-terrorism act of 1997 was sought to be improved through the ordinances, but that provision is no more with the President after the 18th Amendment, passed last year, which disallows the president from rectifying the ordinance again. On the other hand, the country continues to suffer widespread terrorism and invites frequent comments from the western media regarding its failure in ensuring peace and maintaining law and order. The epic judicial and legislative failure has brought about the prevailing situation:
Anti-terrorism laws are outdated. They were made before 9111and the initiation ofthe 4GW against Pakistan, hence they do not provide any assistance to the armed forces in their fight against the enemy's irregular war combatants. These laws are rather counter-productive as a large number of the combatants have been released by the courts due to the presence of loopholes in these laws. The current anti-terrorism law addresses the prevailing security crisis as a law and order situation rather than encompassing the terrorism and insurgencies as acts of war. Civilian courts have been unable to convict and punish terrorists through the legal process. This failure puts the security forces under more pressure in their fight against terrorism and insurgencies. The enemy's war combatants, released by the civil courts, rejoin their cadre to launch fresh attacks against the security forces, making their counterinsurgency Ops way more difficult and at times futile. More than 1000 trained irregular war combatants, captured by the security forces during the daring operations in Swat and Bajaur, were released by the civil courts due to inherent legal flaws in the 'law of evidence' . Not a single terrorist has been convicted and sentenced to death for the last decade, and the possibility of doing so would remain next to
none unless the current laws go through a complete overhaul according to the needs of irregular urban warfare.
The Pakistani parliament has failed to come up with a unanimous definition of the term 'terrorism'. There is no political consensus on dealing with this challenge. The subsequent policy failure stems from this inability of the national law making institutions. In the absence of a comprehensive judicial policy to combat terrorism and the foreignfunded war combatants, security forces at times have to take harsh decisions, which later on become an excuse for the hostile forces and the compromised media elements to malign them. Media trial of the security forces after the recent incidents in Quetta and Karachi is the clearest manifestation ofthis assertion.
The current government established National Counter-terrorism Authority (NACTA) in 2009, with funding from the EU, to devise a comprehensive antiterrorism plan. At this point in time, the presence of this organization even after two years is nominal. Its role has been defined merely as an advisory body. Any sort of political consensus regarding the realization of this ongoing war has not been achieved yet and there is no consensus in sight, in the near future, over this grave threat to the nation. The mainstream political parties like PML(N), for their own political goals, are hell-bent on blaming the armed forces and the intelligence agencies. When the country is bleeding, and the security forces' personnel are giving the ultimate sacrifices daily, this behavior is completely treacherous! But again, there is no law to put this utter nonsense to an end. More unfortunately, there is no realization, even on the judicial level, about the impact of this mud-slinging on the armed forces. Resultantly, these politicians are playing the role of enemy collaborators in demoralizing the armed forces. This judicial failure has put the security forces and their counterinsurgency ops in a very difficult position on the legal axis. If they eliminate the terrorists and insurgents in these operations then the media, the HR organizations, and even the courts, start raising questions about the legality and authority of such operations and if they
bring the terrorists to the courts, the terrorists get easy acquittals and rejoin their cadres to resume their attacks against the state and the armed forces.
an end now. It must be done NOW. 4. Police and other LEAs in troubled areas (NWFP and restive parts of Baluchistan) must be directly under the military command to enhance the operational efficacy, robustness and cohesion. Pakistani police is not well armed or trained to provide adequate assistance to the security forces against the enemy's irregular war combatants in the urban centers. Media laws regarding terrorism and war must be revised as well. A sinister and systematic campaign against the country's armed forces has been launched by some media outlets. Though PEMRA has taken notice of some channels involved in this dirty game, but the damage has been done. New laws must be introduced to avert this Psy-Ops of the enemy. Media must not be allowed to discuss the proceedings and the developments of antiterrorism and counter-insurgency operations, and their related cases, without prior approval.
The Anti-Terrorism Act of 1997 is vague and cannot guarantee adequate legal support to the armed forces. Not only has this Act been unable to provide enough authority to the LEAs and intelligence agencies in the current chaotic security situation, it also has no effective protection for the witnesses and judges in terror-related cases. Finally, it has no provision or penalty for the political entities having links with terrorists and foreign-funded mercenaries. These are the serious shortcomings and loopholes in the Pakistani anti-terrorist laws, which must be plugged in by formulating strict but consensually constituted laws at the federal level and their implementation must be adequately ensured. A few recommendations are given below:
The Government must declare state of war/ emergency in the country. Invoking of wartime laws, and establishment of military courts to convict and punish the enemy's war combatants, must be part of this declaration. Civilian courts have failed in coping, even with the everyday law and order criminals, and convicting the war criminals and traitors is out of question given the present state of these courts. Anti-terrorism laws must be revised, and the culprits involved in creating mayhem in the country must be categorized as 'enemy's irregular war combatants', regardless of their nationality and adherence. These enemies must be tried in the military courts under the military acts of 1952, 1953 and 1961. This is a must-do task, and is the only short-term solution to the current problematic security scenano. Parliament and legal experts must redefine the term 'terrorism' at the national level. This is a fundamental requirement in the current situation in order to formulate any national security policy. This epic failure of the Pakistani legislative institutions must be put to
There is a dire need of radical measures to be adopted both at policy and practice levels on the legal axis of the overall national security policy. Right now, visible lacunas prevail in Pakistan's anti-terrorist laws due to the completely confused and compromised legislative. The nation and the armed forces would continue to suffer and bleed in the presence of the current anti-terrorism laws. Tactical victories against the enemy's irregular war combatants would remain futile if these gains are not nurtured at the administrative and political levels and this is exactly where Pakistan needs to act decisively and swiftly. Peace-time laws cannot deliver during wars; the sooner the nation and leadership understand this fact the better it would be. Till the formulation of a comprehensive judicial policy as per the national security requirements, military act must be invoked immediately in order to punish the enemy combatants and put the fear of Allah in their hearts. This task should have been done a long time ago; any further delay would be suicidal for Pakistan.
GOLDEN AGE !
By: Khawaja Asad Saeed
Return to the
With massive fiscsl ~mbaJillanOO:li onaJlfliJatmoney
basedbalance sheets around the worltL&:lrope at the brink of default, confidence in the US dollar at an all time low, prices around the world skyrocketing, what could be the new form of money, or let's say currency, which could stabilize the financial systems once again and flush out all toxic debt and assets from around the world?! The developments may surprise a few, the events may shock many, but the solution has no argument against it, whatsoever!
Bottom.ilDe: Cenfidenee in.US dollars is.at .ml. all time
low. The largesicre&itor nation in the world, China, is about to dump a large chunk of US dollars and move into real assets like gold, silver, and national welfareimproving assets like investing in education, health, overseas investments, and strategic resources. This is a message to the world that the US dollar is not a viable investment and the domino effect is just around the comer. That was in May 2011. Reports coming out early June from the US Treasury show that China has "divested" 97% of her US Treasury holdings, decreasing its
China Proposes To Cut Two Thirds of Its $3 Trillion In usn Holdings:
Latest data shows that the Chinese foreign exchange reserves increased by $197.4 billion (US) in the first three months of 2011 to $3.04 trillion. A member of the monetary policy committee of the central bank, Xia Bin, recently said that $1 trillion would be enough and that the rest should be invested more "strategically". He mentioned that they should use the rest to acquire resource and technology needed for the "real" economy. On the private sector front, chairman of the China Everbright Group, Tang Shuangning, also took his take on this issue recently. Not surprisingly, he mentioned that China should diversify its foreign exchange reserves, thus reducing her holdings in US dollars. According to him, the current reserve amount is too high, and that the foreign exchange reserves should be restricted within the range of $800 to $1.3 trillion.
ownership of the short-term US Government securities from a peak of$21 0.4 billion in May 2009 to $5.69 billion in March 2011, the most recent month reported by the US Treasury. Short-term Treasury bills are securities that mature in one year or less that are sold by the US Treasury Department to fund the country's debt. So the fate is sealed now. The only buyer left for the US Treasuries is the Federal Reserve Bank which prints money out ofthin air and then buys the US Treasuries, and then the US Government taxes the public to pay them back. The never-ending debt spiral is set to implode in the next few years. The situation has become so dire that the credit-rating agencies like Moody's, Fitch Ratings and Standard & Poor, which are usually in bed with the US banks, creating a massive moral hazard, have been forced to warn the US that her credit ratings will be slashed if the US chooses to default on her loans, even temporarily. Hence, the Republicans and Democrats in Washington are fighting over cuts in fiscal spending or raising the debt ceiling. The case is clear. The debt is so large that the US cannot pay it back in today's money. So the only path they will follow is print even more money and devalue the dollar so as to pay back in dollars which are worth less and less. This is how it looks like for the United States:
international organization estimates China's economy will surpass, in real terms, that of America. This is just 5 years from now! So in five years, the Chinese economy will be the largest in the world. But a closer look at their analysis unveils a flaw in their methodology. Gross Domestic Product CGDP)of the two countries is being compared but by using current exchange rates and that is a very misleading comparison in real terms. As Pakistanis know better, exchange rates change quickly, and Chinese exchange rates are far from being "fully priced". They are actually phony. The Chinese have artificially undervalued their currency, the Renminbi or Yuan, through huge intervention in the markets. Under the current analysis, the Chinese economy will increase from $11.2 trillion this year to $19 trillion in 2016 while the US economy will increase from $15.2 trillion to $18.8 trillion. This means the Chinese share of the world output would rise to $18+ trillion and that of the US would go down to 17.7%, the lowest in modern times. What is mindboggling in this case is that just about 10 years ago, The US economy was three times the size of China's! When the Chinese finally decide to let their currency float a bit more freely, it will send the Renminbi higher and the cost of Chinese goods to the Americans skyhigh! The result would be hyper inflation in the US Furthermore, if the Chinese let their currency float and it doubles in value because of their ever-increasing exports, the Chinese economy would double overnight! To present a doomsday scenario for the Americans, gold, silver and oil are sky-rocketing, signaling the declining value of the US dollar. Less purchasing power and loss of the international reserve currency set up will send the US back many decades in purchasing power terms. The case in point is what will replace the US dollar as the international reserve currency? Naturally, the world should revert to the gold standard with silver in the mix. However, recent events have shed light on yet another sinister plan by the western bankers, but they are failing miserably now.
IMF bombshell: Age of America nears end:
Finally, the IMF has accepted the fact that the "Age of America" will end. How long will it take? 2050? 2040? 2030? 2020?! NO! Mark it down in your calendar-its 2016! This is the year when this
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Bretton Woods II - The Last Ditch Effort to Enslave Mankind!
When Amscel Rotchschild said, "Give me the power of the money and it will not matter anymore who is
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commanding", he expressed the true nature of international or global finance. The new front man for Bretton Woods II is none other than the famous international investor, George Soros. This is the same person who, in The Alchemy of Finance wrote, "To put it bluntly, I fancied myself as some kind of god or an economic reformer like Keynes ... As I made my way in the world, reality came close enough to my fantasy to allow me to admit my secret, at least to myself." The Bretton Woods II conference was sponsored by INET, The Institute for New Economic Thinking. Some of the attendees and speakers at the INET conference included:
Paul Volcker, former Chairman of the Federal Reserve and Chairman of the current President of the United States of America's Economic Advisory Board. Gordon Brown, former UK Prime Minister. Joseph E. Stiglitz, former Senior Vice President and Chief Economist for the World Bank. INET Executive Director Rob Johnson, former Managing Director at (George) Soros Fund Management. Economist Jeffrey Sachs, Director of The Earth Institute, Columbia University Professor, who was written about by Aaron Klein in WND: "Sachs is a special advisor to the UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, is founder and co-president of the Soros-funded Millennium Promise Alliance. He has a been a World Bank consultant who formerly directed Harvard's Institute for International Development, which he turned into a major conduit advocating for World Bank and International Monetary Fund's use for structural adjustment program in the Third World and beyond."
• • •
use of the skies", "fees for the use of the electromagnetic spectrum", "fees on foreign exchange transactions", and a "tax on the carbon content of fuels." All the so-called elite have joined in for a last ditch effort to further enslave mankind. For this to become a reality, a one-world currency will be required, implemented through what they are calling now a "Super IMF"! No Wonder IMF is working day and night to collateralize resources everywhere, from the United States to Europe to Africa to Asia, when loans are offered. This would be a dream come true for the international bankers. However, it should be noted that although, these rich elite do make money of fractional reserve banking, they always hold onto and increase their holdings of gold and silver, which is real
On Felbr1uary' 10, 2011,
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wealth. So in either case, the Special Drawing Right Unit that the "Super IMF" plans to issue and use as reserve currency for international settlements, will need gold and silver in the mix, which brings us to the point of who has seen through this game and started buying gold and silver at an aggressive rate?! The answer should not surprise you.
mine more gold and buy as much as she can. (Hello Reko Diq in Pakistan!) The Chinese are the largest producer and consumer of gold. Do we still need "western" expertise?! Once the fall in paper currencies goes parabolic, China could start floating her currency (which is pegged to the US dollar) and that may playa big role in international trade. So to avoid speculative attacks, which Pakistanis are well aware of, the Chinese will HAVE to back her currency by a good chunk of gold and silver and that is exactly what they are planning. Is someone else also?
World Gold Council Bombshell:
The World Gold Council just announced that China has surpassed every nation in the world in purchases of gold. Now China is not only the largest producer but also the largest consumer of gold. What else?! The Chinese banned the export of silver in late 2009 and encouraged their population to start saving in gold and silver by opening bullion shops and silver and gold accounts. Where she used to export 100 million ounces on average, the imports are now worth 200 million ounces every year! Add local mining and buying through the SCO camp which is not reported. The Chinese saw the coming inflation and saved their public's purchasing power which also helps in inflationary times which are already here. The public has not panicked and stayed calm as inflation arrived, unlike the Middle Eastern countries. The purchasing power was left intact for the Chinese public. It is an open secret now that China wants to own more gold than any other country in the world. She is desperate to
The Curious Case of Zimbabwe:
We are all familiar with how Zimbabwe recently went through hyperinflation in the past few years. The country was devastated as it printed and printed to pay off .. you guessed it! DEBT! (Federal Reserve and United States of America anyone?!). A lot of people still think that the country still trades in their Zimbabwe dollars! They actually use gold and US dollars now! But the Central Bank of Zimbabwe just announced that they believe the US dollar is no longer stable. So they are now considering selling their diamonds for gold, so they have a fully gold-backed currency. This is what the Central Bank there has proposed in their most recent paper.
China Silver Panda A country totally devastated with hyperinflation will now probably have the soundest currency in the world if the plan is approved and implemented. Imagine the capital inflows into the country. Look for Chinese to sky rocket her trade with Zimbabwe ifthis happens. The European countries are totally devastated. As we write this article, riots have broken out in Greece , Spain is no far away, Portugal has sold her soul to the IMF at the tune of$35 billion, and Italy is panicking as well as the bond payments arrive. British pound is on its death bed. The Euro is doomed. As we showed in the previous article, the west just cannot payoff her debt anymore. So, to instill discipline in the system again, there is surely going to be a gold standard implemented in this decade, which means gold and silver will be revalued against paper currencies. If that happens against the dollar, gold will have to go up to $15,000/oz. and silver to $500. Currently, they are at $1530/oz and $36/oz respectively. That is appreciation in value of a 1000% in gold, which has already appreciated by 500% in the last decade, and a 1400% appreciation in silver, which has already appreciated by 1000% in the previous decade. That is multiple thousands in the making! that only 30% ofthe silver supply ofthe world comes from purely silver mines, and 70% is a by-product of gold and copper mining. Pakistan has the 4thlargest copper belt in the world and as mentioned, probably one of the largest gold mines. What are we waiting for?! The Central Bank needs to start accumulating gold and silver at an aggressive pace. We do not have much time. We need to diversify our foreign reserves into real wealth. Our banks need to start accumulating gold and silver to account for the loans they have issued. It should start right now! As silver and gold prices sky rocket, so will our foreign reserves, and our banks will become the most profitable, with no need to charge interest to make money. We will easily break the shackles of fractional reserve banking and the interest-based banking system. All Pakistani bankers have this in their heart. They are sick and tired of this interest-based setup. They can see how people are suffering because of it and they just cannot take it anymore. In a few years, we will be a debt- free nation! It is as simple as that! We are at the tipping point of a financial disaster. The financial markets are crumbling while gold and silver stay rock solid! There is no argument left, none whatsoever, against gold and silver anywhere! The time is NOW! NOW OR NEVER!
What of Pakistan?
The important question is where is Pakistan in this mix?! We have arguably the largest gold mines in the world and vast amounts of silver can be extracted from them. It is important to bring to our readers' attention
The Rain of Fire
The September air was still warm in 1989 when I returned from Pakistan to rejoin Abdullah after my insane night adventures on Gardez death tracks. The Mujahideen were already in high gear for the upcoming attack on the city. Our base camp in the outskirts of Gardez was located in the surrounding mountains, consisting of about 30 odd tents spread over the hills, with almost 200 fighting men armed with small arms and RPGs. It was a deceptively peaceful and stunningly beautiful area to be the venue for such horrendous bloodshed. One thing which I immediately noticed was that every tent had a picture of General Zia-ul-Haq, who had died the previous month in an air crash, pasted inside or outside of it. The sight was very emotive and moving and reflected the deep love the Afghan Mujahideen had for the Pakistani General. I was told that the day his plane had crashed, fierce battles erupted all over Afghanistan, as the Mujahideen, in their rage and sorrow, attacked the Soviets and the communists who were celebrating the death of General Zia. I had never seen his pictures on Afghan battle fields before, but after his death, every tent had one. On this base also, the solemn gaze of General Zia welcomed us as we unpacked our sleeping bags. In those days, the relations between Afghan Mujahideen and Pakistanis
destroyed all of Pakistan's assets in Afghanistan in the ensuing civil war that erupted after the Soviet withdrawal. In the absence of the protective guardianship of Pakistan, the Mujahideen could not stay united, and Najeebullah's communist regime held on to Kabul for another three years, while the former battled with each other as well as with the communists to grab the prized city. It is a heart-breaking tale of treachery and betrayal.
But for now, I had joined the resistance that was trying to extract maximum damage from the retreating Soviet forces around Gardez. Located around 10 kilometers from the city suburbs, with huge hills and plains between them and the city, the men at our base, with their light weapons, apparently posed no threat to the strong Soviet garrison stationed in the city. I was surprised and a bit perplexed as to why we were based so far from the city if we had to attack the Soviet garrison. The war that I had seen in Afghanistan so far, was a brutal close quarter one, where the Soviets and their Afghan communist allies were always kept within the range of small arms fire and were attacked by the resistance infantry which would always stalk the enemy's tail. But this time, in Gardez, the tactics seemed to be radically different. There was no way our Mujahideen fighting group could march 10 kilometers in the open to attack a fortified Soviet base and then expect to retreat alive from it. In the past, the longest range rockets I had seen with the Mujahideen units were 107mm multi-barreled launchers which had a maximum range of 10km, but here even those were not visible. Even if we had those 10km rockets , the Mujahideen infantry should have been closest to the enemy within a couple of kilometers, for a quick dash, attack and withdrawal tactic. From the mountain ridgeline, even with a binocular, I could only see the outline of the sprawling Gardez city in the flat plains. "What the hell ... ?" I was clearly frustrated. There was a hush in the camp and no one was discussing the battle plans but the preparations were brisk and excitement was visible. Something phenomenal was in the making. Truckloads of wooden crates were arriving, being offloaded in the dead of the night and stocked in caves dug into the hill sides. The trucks would then make a swift return journey back to Pakistan. I had earlier travelled in one
were so cordial that just being a Pakistani on the battlefront meant instant respect from the hosts. This respect and love was the most strategic asset which Pakistan had earned during that Jihad. Even in 1992, when I went to Kabul at a time when the city was under virtual civil war, being a Pakistani meant instant safe passage within the territories and through the roadblocks controlled by Mujahideen groups. This makes it all the more painful that multiple historical blunders over the years have now reduced that love and respect to ashes, and Afghans of all colors and shades have become suspicious and hostile towards Pakistan, especially in the post 9/11 era. This selfinflicted wound could have been avoided if we had had wiser leadership in the post Soviet withdrawal era. While I was on this Gardez battlefront in the fall of 1988, and the Soviets were planning their exit, General Zia had already been assassinated and the CIA plans were already in place to bring in Benazir Bhutto. This regime change in Islamabad was also meant to destroy the possibility of an Islamic and friendly government in Afghanistan. The Geneva accord signed by the Junejo regime was the first betrayal which had accepted Kabul's communist regime as the legitimate heir to the Soviets. The entire responsibility of terminating the Afghan Jihad in Pakistan's favor and installing an Afghan Mujahideen government was now on the shoulders of the PPP regime which took power after General Zia, but history is a witness that they failed to do so, a failure that amounted to treason. It is that betrayal which
of those trucks to Jaji to get our camera voice recording mic and the radiator fan for our jeep. I could not see what was in those crates but I did get the wind of a new weapon being acquired which will be used for the first time against the Soviets. Now, Abdullah and I were really excited as we would get the chance to film this new weapon which we had never seen in battle field before. Abdullah was even happier, as now finally he had his camera mic on, while my focus was more on understanding the battle tactics and war plans. I was also doing the recording and filming with him for the Jihad but deep within me I knew that when the moment arrived I would put my camera down and would pick up my rifle. Abdullah, on the other hand, was keener to document the history as it unfolded even within the hail of fire. In retrospect, I understand Abdullah's vision and passion to record and document those historic moments for future generations, especially when we Muslims just don't seem to learn from history at all, always repeating the avoidable blunders which our earlier generations had committed. I did learn a lot from these passionate volunteers who had come from all over the world to participate in this most romantic struggle of the zo" century. In later years, when I travelled alone into the deepest comers of Afghanistan, my camera remained the integral part of my kit, thus making it possible for me to document and narrate the untold and unseen history to our present and future generations almost after quarter of a century. Today, when Afghanistan is once again under another foreign occupation and a similar Jihad is going on to liberate the land, our old Afghan Jihad memoirs of those epic battles, struggles and war have become even more relevant for our present generation and policy makers. MAJ was just a private initiative of 2 daring men - one Chechen and the other an Irish. I joined them later. The Irishman was with me on this battle front of Gardez. Despite his hard headedness and somewhat crude ways of pushing things around that often got me into serious trouble, he was singlemindedly determined to record history. Muslim Ummah owes so much to these unsung, unknown heroes who, against all odds, taking death defying risks, without any worldly reward or recognition, unabashedly plunged into abysmal dangers in order to document and record an epic struggle which otherwise would have been totally lost to history. Today, I have
thousands of original photographs, slides, hours of footage and audio recordings which have been done by MAJ and are now being digitized for future generations, 25 years after they were recorded by these heroes. Quite a bit has been lost in these last turbulent 25 years but much has been saved as well and is now enough to recreate history for present and future times. After 1992, when Kabul was liberated and a civil war began between the Mujahideen for control of the Kabul throne, these dejected and heartbroken Arabs and foreigners started to leave Pakistan and Afghanistan in thousands. Abu Ayesh, in whose house I felt at home and took his family as my own, also went back to the country of his origin. I am still in contact with him after 19 years, and even today we both dearly miss each other, though we have never met each other after Afghanistan. His devoted wife passed away a few years back due to cancer and he began the task of raising his many sons and daughters alone, one of whom he had named Zaid to express his deep love for me. Now, when he has almost crossed sixty and has become a proud grandfather and has settled his children, he has married again and is passing his life in solitude and silence. But he has not lost his contagious sense of humor, though I can feel a deep pain within his soul, even when he pretends to be jovial. He always lovingly invites me to his home every time we get to talk. InshaAllah, some day, we shall meet again. Abdullah's story is even more heartbreaking. His faithful French wife, Laila Zahida, another revert Muslimah, developed cancer in 1992 also, perhaps
due to years of malnutrition and harsh life in Jihad. Thus Abdullah was also forced to take her to France for treatment, where she passed away peacefully. Alone, dejected and heartbroken, Abdullah returned to Pakistan briefly only to clear his debts and then left silently forever. He had lost everything. When he and his wife reverted to Islam in the late 70's, they had broken off all contact with their amoral westernized past and had moved to Pakistan. Later, when Afghan Jihad started, he moved to Peshawar in order to participate in the Jihad, literally living the life of a pauper for the sake of his new found faith. This is where he met Abu Ayesh andjoined MAl Creating an Islamic state in Afghanistan and documenting the ongoing history and struggle for the sake of future generations was the passion of his life. He had left the luxuries of a western life to choose the rugged mountains of Afghanistan for this sacred cause. Once Jihad fell apart, he and his wife were the best of companions for each other as he had no children. Now when she also left him, he was shattered and just simply disappeared into the pages of history, leaving no contacts behind. All my efforts to trace him have failed. I have never heard from him in the last 19 years even though my heart aches to see him. I often get tearful when I think about those brothers with whom I have shared some of the most nostalgic memories of my life. So long my dear brothers. Stay blessed always and forever.
been shot down or destroyed on ground. More than 1400 tanks and armoured personnel carriers were destroyed and nearly 500 heavy artillery guns had been wasted. This was a staggering loss even for a super power, enough to break its economic and military will to fight. A super power was humiliated by farmers, shepherds and shopkeepers. Today, after nearly 25 years, the US and NATO are receiving the same treatment from these very men. Now, when the Soviet focus was on withdrawal and survival ofthe remaining military assets, their fighting strategy had also changed radically as well. At that time they were not in the occupation mode but in a massive retreat mindset. Their morale was at its lowest and they knew that they had suffered their first major defeat in the last 300 years, and were now forced to leave a land that they had occupied. They were not pro-actively attacking the Muj ahideen bases, but were focused only on defending their retreating forces and
Soviet forces were gathering from all over the country into the maj or towns and cities to prepare for their final withdrawal from Afghanistan after the Geneva accord. With only a few a months left for their withdrawal cutoff date in February 1989, their fighting units were systematically but slowly abandoning the outposts in the countryside and were regrouping in large Brigade or Division sized garrisons, waiting for their tum to withdraw. The blunder of invading Afghanistan was now breaking up their empire and the immediate task at hand for their military leadership was to recover the remains of the stranded and defeated army. Already the Mujahideen and western estimates showed that by this time the Soviets had lost over 15,000 men killed in action along with nearly 2000 officers, with the warwounded and crippled touching nearly 100,000 men. Over 12000 tankers and carrier transport vehicles had been lost. Over 500 helicopters and fighter jets had
Fortifying force multiplier! Sakkar-20 rockets
It took us about a week after our arrival at the base before we could set our eyes on the surprise weapon. It
protecting their large vulnerable garrisons and convoys. Huge concentrations of Soviet armour, artillery and infantry were mouth-watering targets for the Mujahideen. All over Afghanistan, fierce attacks were being launched on the retreating Soviet forces. Since almost all the withdrawal had to be done by roads and through narrow mountainous passes towards Central Asia, Soviet convoys were particularly vulnerable targets. But here in Gardez, the huge concentration of the Soviet forces was the primary target of the Mujahideen. The city garrison was fortified with a solid defensive wall of close outposts, tanks and artillery, and was protected by air support and Gunship helicopters to prevent any infantry attack from the Mujahideen on the garrison. The only option left for the Mujahideen was to use long range artillery or rockets as the existing 10 km 107mm rockets were not enough either in range or in penetration power to damage the fortified Soviet garrison. A new weapon was needed. This was the surprise that awaited both of us and the Soviets.
It was during this period that the Mujahideen were
supplied with two weapons which played a strategic role in the last days of the war: The Stingers and the Sakkar-20 rockets. The Stinger had seen action since 1986 and had played a critical role in defeating the Soviet air power but now Sakkar-20 rockets were also introduced to fortify the Stinger impact. Here, on this front, for the first time, the Mujahideen planned to use both these weapons in tandem with devastating effects.
was a beautiful yet formidable sight for us in those days. Six tubes of huge multi-barreled Sakkar rocket launcher system were standing majestically behind the hills, safely away from the range and line offire of the Soviet artillery and tank guns. About a kilometer away and behind many hillocks from our own base, the firing position was carefully chosen. The range of these rockets was around 20km. Now I understood why we were based so far from the garrison. We were to rain hell fire on them from this distance while the Soviets remained camped and cramped in their garrison. To protect against the Soviet helicopters and fighter jets, Stingers were placed on all the mountain tops and hills around the base and the launcher position, which would prevent the Soviet air power to target and attack the launcher position even if they were able to detect their location from high altitude. The rockets kicked a huge plume of dust when fired and also left a trail of white smoke behind them which would be easily visible from the sky using high altitude spotter planes and helicopters, so the location of the launchers could not be kept a secret for long. The only other defense option was to keep the Soviet air power away or at a height from where its bombs and rockets would become inaccurate and ineffective. That was the strategy for the battle zone. Long range rockets for bombardment and then stingers for air defense. These simple weapons were to give nightmares to the Soviets in the coming days. Once I came to know the full plan, the excitement level began to rise.
Gardez was a Soviet garrison with high stakes and even higher value assets. Any sustained rocket attack on the garrison would provoke a fierce reaction from the Soviet air force. We could see that the Soviet air force was now visibly reluctant to come down within the range of stingers but still they would react violently if their losses increased in the city. Subsequently, there was going to be a fierce clash between the Stingers and the Soviet air power while we pounded them with long range artillery rockets. With our launchers at such a distance from the city and using the mountains as cover, the Soviet artillery fire was almost useless against us. They had to use airpower for these dangerous missions. If we could capture on video a Soviet plane being shot down, that would be the icing on the cake. But before that, we had to be prepared to receive lots of incoming rockets and bombs from the Soviet fighter jets and Gunships. "This is going to be nasty," I thought.. ... and I was right.
Abdullah and I were now ready with our cameras. Stingers were placed all over the mountain tops around the launcher and a team of Mujahideen Observer Posts (OPs) had moved ahead many kilometers closest to the city on the nearest mountain ridge in order to direct the rocket fire and to do the damage assessment on the Soviets. Hundreds of rockets were transported to the launch site and dumped there. A cable was connected to the launcher that extended about 50 meters towards a safe trench where the launch switches were controlled by the commander. With all men, ammunition, stingers, communication equipment and observers in place, by 11 am, in the bright sunshine, a collective prayer session was held, and then the Mujahideen let the first salvos off from the Sakkar. I must acknowledge that I had never seen anything like it. With a thundering cracking sound, six rockets left the launcher one after the other flying into the sky, leaving a plume of dust behind and a trail of smoke in the sky, roaring towards the garrison. Within minutes, the tubes were reloaded but the commander waited for the feedback from the observer post which was closest to the city. The rockets had missed their target it seemed and a quick adjustment of range was done and then the next salvo was released. This time, few seconds later, the excited voices on the walkie talkie suggested a direct hit. Now, orders were given for a massive non-
stop barrage on the Soviet garrison. Everyone knew that Soviet reaction would be swift and fierce and the Mujahideen were in a hurry to launch as many rockets as possible before the Soviet air power found their location. In batches of six rockets per salvo, wave after wave of missiles were rained on the Soviet army. Abdullah and I kept filming the spectacular sight. I felt pity for the defeated army which was now receiving a fearsome rain of fire. In our excitement, we even got reckless. In trying to film the back blast of the salvo, we went right behind the launcher and tried to film while the missiles were leaving the tubes. It was a stupid and dangerous thing to do. The powerful back blast of the missiles blew huge amount of debris and small stones towards us which hit us like bullets almost wounding us critically. Mercifully, we were hurt but not wounded, and our equipment also survived the stone showers. It was clear that the Soviets were taken completely by surprise with this new weapon. Even though Sakkar20 are Soviet origin weapons and the Red army used them in multi-barreled formations, but they never expected the Mujahideen to use them at this stage in the war. The rockets we were using were of Egyptian
and Chinese origin. Both countries make copies of these Soviet rockets. The sheer range which these rockets covered, and the scale of destruction which these rockets caused, must have shocked the Soviets. It took them a while to know what was hitting them. The initial air patrol was sent closer to the city assuming that the Mujahideen were using short range 107mm rockets. But later they realized that these were different rockets and much later their planes spotted our location as well when a salvo was launched. Now, it was payback time for them and this time we were at the receiving end. Multiple sorties of fighter jets flew high over our heads, marking our position, but not daring to come down for strafing or bombing run. They knew stingers would be waiting for them, hence decided to drop their bombs from the heights at great speed. Massive bombing was done on hills and plains around us. We could hear the sound of the fighter jets and then a whistling sound ofthe incoming bomb and then a huge explosion nearby. The Mujahideen abandoned the rocketing temporarily and dispersed into the hills to avoid getting caught at the same place. Now they were raining hellfire on us. We were truly fortunate that despite some very close shaves, there were no casualties within our ranks. The jets were too high for stingers to launch but the fact that the fear of SAMs was keeping the fighter jets high and inaccurate was in itself a blessing for us. The high altitude bombings continued for about half an hour and then the planes left, assuming that we would not launch more attacks. Boy, were they mistaken! The moment the fighter jets left, the Mujahideen gathered from all around the hills, collected more rockets, and began launching wave after wave of salvos on the city once again. Within minutes, jets came back and the cat and mouse game started all over again. By now, we had fired about a hundred rockets in salvos of six each. The strategy was to keep the enemy under stress for a long time hence the attack was called offby midday by the commander. Next day, we would launch again and then again on the next day and the next. The plan was that the Soviets must not be allowed to sleep and rest and must be kept under stress all the time. The desire to inflict psychological damage to the enemy was as strong as the will to inflict physical loss. The Soviet army was hopelessly stuck in a hell hole and the Mujahideen were in no mood for mercy.
Our base was at a distance from the launch site but due to heavy scouting of the Soviet planes, it was now spotted and under attack also. So while we rained fire and hell on the Soviets, they paid back in the same coin with equal ferocity day in and day out. Every rocket attack would be retaliated with more bombs and rockets from their jets and Gunships, though they were largely inaccurate due to high altitude bombings, but still they were often dangerously close. Living in a battle zone where bombs and rockets would fall like rain drops without warning is always a freaky concept. We missed them narrowly on multiple occasions but took the possibility of a direct hit in our stride. There was no time for these delicate thoughts on those killing fields. Stingers, however, were on duty round the clock on the surrounding hills and mountains, and we really counted on their presence to survive in the valleys below. Despite few days of fierce battles, no Soviet plane had come down at low altitude to allow a stinger launch. But as our rocket barrages continued to extract severe damage on the garrison, we knew that sooner or later, Soviet pilots would risk coming lower for accurate bombings and rocketing on the launcher
and on our base. The Stinger operators were itching for such a moment. Equally desperate for a kill, one Stinger detachment decided to go closer to the city and ambush their low flying Helicopters. Another Stinger was always with the observation post ridge which was also menacingly close to the city. We had recorded enough footage of the rocket barrages and now wanted to go ahead and see how they were landing on the garrison. For that, we had to travel a few kilometers on foot through the most rugged mountain tracks towards the city to the secret hiding place of the Mujahideen artillery observer from where he would guide the rocket batteries towards the target. These observers were the eyes of the Mujahideen and in their absence all rockets would be lost and miss their targets. The Soviets too were hunting for them but the cleverly hidden observation post was well dug into the cliff and so far had remained elusive. Starting after dawn, we made it to the observation post in a few hours. Though the view of the city was majestic and clear, the distance was still too large for our small camera lens to capture any worthwhile action. Disappointed a bit, we decided to enjoy the action as it unfolded. A rock formation atop the cliff we were on, appeared like a Masjid minaret, piercing high into the sky and turning almost pencil sharp at the top. While we and the Observer remained on the cliffs edge, our stinger operator climbed to that pointed tip ofthe rock minaret which had just enough space for one man to be dangerously perched on the top. It was an amazing position for a SAM operator. The great height gave him a clear 360 degree view of the sky. If he were spotted, it would be almost impossible for the Soviet jets to take such an accurate shot at the peak travelling at a high speed and at such high altitude. His very presence at that spot would instill fear in the hearts of the pilots. I had assumed that the Soviets did not know of this secret hideout for the observer. I was mistaken Immediately when our rockets started to rain on the garrison, Jets also arrived to bomb our position on the forward cliff. They had already spotted us and as luck would have it, on that particular day, they had decided to take out the position we were on. Now, all hell broke loose on all sides. Rockets fell on the city; bombs upon
us - both at the launch site and on the observation post. The Stinger position was also spotted and now high speed jets were circling the area trying to take an accurate shot at the clifftop where the Stinger operator desperately tried to lock his weapon on to the high circling jets. They were just out of the range of the shoulder- fired weapon so he waited patiently for them to come closer. He was truly a brave man; just one soul holding up against an entire Soviet air force squadron. Rockets and bombs were falling on the cliff and hilltops around him but not on the pointed rock minaret he was standing upon. He held his ground courageously. I was amazed at his nerves. In a couple of hours, the action was over for the day and we started our return journey under the protection of the same Muj ahid with his Stinger on his shoulder. This became a daily routine. When we stopped our barrages, the Soviets would also take rest or would send only spotters to collect intelligence on our positions. A single plane would patrol for targets of opportunity even at night but rarely would they dare to come lower now. That was a relief. That evening when we were all at the base discussing the exploits of the day and preparing for dinner, all of a sudden the Mujahideen radio sets suddenly crackled with excited screams and prayers. Something had happened and high traffic of wireless communication had excitement in it but still I could not make out the reason for the hullaballoo. Then an announcement was made. The stinger operator guarding our base had shot down a Soviet jet that was trying to sneak lower to bomb us. It was the first confirmed kill though the wreckage had apparently fallen a few kilometers away. There were instant jubilations and much celebratory fire in the air. When our gunner arrived back from the mountain top, I too took out my AK-47 and gave a 3 shot salute to him and then held him in a firm embrace. I still remember his bright glowing face breathing heavily with excitement. This was the ultimate trophy for which he had been trained for months by the lSI on special SAM simulators, turning these farmers and shepherds into lethal, anti -aircraft killing machines. Later, we heard that another helicopter had also been shot down in the outskirts of the city by the kill team which had gone ahead to ambush them. That helicopter also carried some senior members of the Kabul regime and their loss was also reported on Kabul radio.
We had been in the Gardez battlefield for almost 2 weeks now and had enough footage of the action to make a good movie out if it. We could go back but Abdullah just wanted to try one more time to see if we could take a live Stinger launch against a Soviet jet. Noone had that footage and if we could capture such a moment, it would be a crowning glory for our expedition. This was always tricky, as planes appeared without warning and stingers were always placed high and far into the mountains away from the ground troops or the camera teams. But still, our best chance was to be closest to the Launcher position and then bait the enemy aircraft into bombing runs in order to allow a stinger operator to have a go at it. We decided to go with the Mujahideen for their daily launching of rockets and requested a Stinger operator to stay close tous. The day started normally, rather sluggishly. Now we had gotten used to the routine. Rocket barrages, jets, incoming bombs, more rockets, more bombs .... the Mujahideen missiles were flying at a ferocious pace and everything seemed under control, but then disaster struck! Five missiles were launched from the tubes but the sixth one misfired. It did not ignite fully and got stuck
in the launcher, only leaving the tube partially with massive fire burning on its tail. For a moment, everyone was stunned and horrified, not believing our eyes at what was happening. Then reality dawned. The missile had failed to launch and now could blow up anytime killing everyone nearby. We all ducked for cover and waited for the expected explosion but mercifully the missile did not explode. But still it did cause a disaster. The ferocious heat of the missile tail fire had melted the entire tube and parts of the launcher, making it useless for any further launches. For all practical purposes, our main weapon had been destroyed. The campaign to attack Soviets in their garrison had come to an abrupt halt. This was a major setback for the Mujahideen and the mood was visibly gloomy in the camp. The launcher had to be dismantled and sent back to Pakistan for a replacement which could take at least 3 weeks after lengthy procedures of inquiry, availability and transportations. These were new weapons and not many were available in the inventory. While the Mujahideen prepared to ship the damaged weapon to Pakistan, Abdullah and I also decided to pack our bags and head for Peshawar. Our job was done and now it was time to go home. But now, the very thought that we would have to drive on the same
death tracks at night in our own jeep without the headlights started to haunt me. I was much more comfortable with the Mujahideen supply trucks but with my previous experience with Abdullah's driving and the horrible accident we had had last time, I was nervous. I knew this was going to be another long scary night ahead of us but nothing could have prepared me for what actually happened. The Gardez death tracks waited in ambush and had one last almost fatal surprise for us.
It was late afternoon when we planned to start our journey back. When we packed our bags and placed them in the jeep, it was then we realized that the jeep would not start. Its battery had died. Now there was no way we could start that dieseljeep except to push start it. But the gorge where we had parked and camouflaged it from the jets was rocky and deep, so now even 10 men could not push it out of its hole. Even if we had somehow managed to push it out, how would we start it? "This is not good," my heart began to sink uncomfortably. It took us at least an hour with the help of dozens of men to push the jeep out and then to push start it on the mountain slopes, an almost back
breaking task. But now at least we were good to go but knew that we could not switch the engine off during the entire journey. Now the next bad news was announced by Abdullah. We were low on diesel also and only had enough to make it out ofthe danger zone. The margin for error was absolutely zero for us at this point. We could not switch off the engine in order to save the diesel as we had no battery nor could we afford to lose our way. We needed a solid knowledgeable guide to take us out of the war zone without any detours. As luck would have it, the only available person who could act as a guide was a novice Mujahid who had been on these tracks just a few times, and was himselfnot sure ofthe directions, more so in the dead of the night. The recipe for a total disaster was ready and in my heart I knew that we were driving towards our deaths. I was not far off in my assumptions. It was after dusk when we finally left the base and headed straight for the village from where we had to travel in pitch darkness without our headlights till we crossed the danger zone. If all went well, we could have crossed the enemy territory within two hours. But all had not gone well since the start and nothing
had gone right till now. It was a dark night, shrouded in clouds, without even a glimmer of light to guide our way on those death tracks. With no headlights, Abdullah was driving once again and we instantly realized that it was a hopeless task. Neither him nor the guide could see a thing in front of the jeep. With sharp curves, ditches and bends, any mistake would be fatal. Every ten yards, we had to stop, walk ahead of the jeep, find the track and then sit back to follow the discovered path. Finally, holding my loaded AK-47 in my hands, I decided to walk ahead of the jeep, feeling the track with my feet, with Abdullah desperately trying to see my silhouette from the windscreen while trying to follow me at almost zero speed. I was almost blind as well and on one occasion slipped and hit the ground hard. Abdullah could not see me going down. While I was on the ground in the middle of the track, the jeep just simply kept coming upon me. In a flash, I rolled over just in time, trying to save myself from the vehicle. Its wheels just brushed my shoulders and back .... another close shave. Almost an hour into the drive, the guide got uncomfortable. The landscape was new and he suspected that we had taken a wrong tum and were now on the track leading towards the enemy post. We stopped, got down and could not dare switch the engine off while it burnt our precious diesel. "I will go and check," he announced and silently disappeared into the night in the direction of the track we were on. Now the two of us waited in the darkness next to our jeep with guns in hand. Panic and nervousness began to hit us both. We knew we were in serious trouble now. If we ran out of diesel, we would have to abandon our jeep right there just to save our lives. Minutes ticked passed like hours. There were genuine threats of enemy ambushes and landmines. We were lost in the middle of nowhere, in the dead of the night, in the killing fields which knew no mercy. The demons of the previous journey on this track returned to haunt us. Almost after 45 minutes, our guide returned. Even in the darkness, we could see panic on his face. We had indeed taken a wrong tum and were just a few hundred meters away from the enemy post, driving straight into their line of fire. We had to tum back but now the hopelessness of the situation dawned on us. The track on the mountains was too narrow for us to make a U tum and there was no way we could reverse the jeep on
those blind slopes in that darkness. The engine was running and our diesel was getting lower by the minute. There was only one way for us now. To drive straight into the enemy post and then make a sharp U tum in the open ground in front of it, hoping that they would not be able to see us in such a dark night. But there was one more problem in the plan. Even if the men on the post were sleeping and did not notice our presence so close to their main gate, the ground where we planned to make a U tum it was infested with landmines. Even if we survived the fire of the guards, we would have to enter the minefield to make a tum! It was insane! By now, I was an experienced veteran of the Afghan war. I had seen death before too. I knew what fear was. I thought I had seen it all, been there done that. That night I realized how wrong I was about myself. Fear is a small word to use for the feeling which we felt when we decided to go ahead with the only deadly option we had. The sheer fright was insurmountable! We could not delay it anymore. Mercifully, some cloud cover had vanished and now a bright moon was shining in the sky to give us some desperately-needed light. This little act of divine intervention at such a critical time proved to be a decisive help. Abdullah took a deep breath and we all sat in the jeep and the vehicle jerked forward. It seemed that we did catch the guards by surprise. There was no fire from them despite the roaring sound of the running engine. Perhaps they never expected any vehicle to come this close and were either sleeping or perplexed. Whatever it was, it gave us the required seconds to make the dash for the ground to make a U tum and now we had even less than seconds to make our dash out. Abdullah entered the minefield! I am still clueless as to why no mines exploded under us. Sitting tight onto our seats and expecting an explosion anytime, we waited with sweaty foreheads for our deaths while the jeep made a rash tum into and then out of the ground and then back on to the track on our way out. "We have made it!" I exclaimed loudly as Abdullah tried to increase the distance between us and the post. But we were wrong! We had not gone far when pandemonium broke loose. The enemy had woken up to our presence and we were drawing heavy fire now. In sheer panic, Abdullah tried to drive fast and we crashed once again, though this time, the jeep did not tum turtle. We all dashed out of
the jeep and took cover in the gorges, crevices and fissures on the slopes. The lights of the tracer bullets flew over our heads and cracks of rattling machine gun fire echoed across the valleys. An occasional loud explosion signaled a mortar shell landing close by. But by now, we were invisible to the enemy and almost safe, though we still could not raise our heads. Then suddenly, there was silence again. Eerie silence! They were trying to hear our sounds, voices, engine noise, which was still running but the enemy could not pin point the exact location in the mountains as sounds echoed across the valleys. Later, they kept firing intermittently but that was more of a nervous fire to keep us away rather than a determined one to get us. On our part also, we had to take the risk and get moving again as now our diesel was dangerously low. It took us another couple of hours to finally come out of the death zone and into a village controlled by the Mujahideen. Exhausted, relieved but seriously shaken, I felt hungry for the first time. But there was no food; we had to wait till dawn. Abdullah's condition was no different either. We sat in silence as night ticked passed, pondering over the bygone events, too tired to even go to sleep. In the morning we found food and diesel to resume our
journey back to Pakistan. It took us another few hours to make it to Jaji. I wanted to get back to Peshawar immediately and the very next day we started our long drive back to Peshawar from Paktia province of Afghanistan. Our Gardez adventure was now finally over. During the six years of my association with the Afghan resistance, I have been tested and shaken on many occasions; have taken death defying risks and have seen fear and death at close range. But never ever have I felt the fright, panic and fear of death as I felt on those tracks ofGardez. The two night journeys which I made with Abdullah on those tracks still haunt me when memories of Afghan Jihad flash through my soul. We were young men, determined to fight for a noble cause and were indeed more than willing to sacrifice ourselves for the glory of our faith and ideology but still we were humans, weak and vulnerable. Nothing has taught me the virtue of humility more than those nights spent on the death tracks ofGardez.
(To be continued)
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