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Agriculture is currently being confirmed the most important aspect in the life of a nation. Food security is given topmost priority during discussions globally especially at this crucial time when the whole world is experiencing food crisis A sure solution to the problem of food security at all level is the establishment of a sustainable agricultural system. The use of fertilizer has been identified as a means of increasing crop yield the world over. Use of organic based fertilizer has been accepted through research results as the most efficient and beneficial means of increasing crop yields especially in sandy, shallow tropical soils where Kwara State falls into characterized by low activity clay, low organic matter, degraded texture and structure. The benefits of organic based fertilizer in this regard cannot be over – emphasized. Some of the advantages of this fertilizer over the chemical (mineral) include:
Low cost of finished products since raw materials are cheap and locally sourced.
The problem is knowledge and management. micro and macronutrients are supplied apart from NPK. 6. Effects of fertilizer stay longer in soul such that one full application can sustain two to three times cultivation when the farm is under good field management. 4. Mountainous heaps of refuse found on our streets should be turned into money. 3. intestinal wastes and blood meal will be used in co-compost with municipal waste to boost the nutrient level of the fertilizer. USE OF CATTLE DUNG OR ANIMAL MANURES As Kwara state has abattoirs. 5. 2 . Kelvin Technologies Nigeria has innovated an indigenous plant and process for converting organic wastes to organic fertilizers for sustainable crop production plus additional products. Soil micro-organism are active and they help nutrient release. Wastes generated in homes which eventually end up in the municipal dumpsites constituting health hazards can be given alternative use as sources of wealth. Enhances the ability of soil biota vis a vis constant nutrient availability in soil. INTEGRATED MUNICIPAL WASTE MANAGEMENT This project also serves as an integrated municipal waste management initiative because the major raw materials needed for fertilizer production is essentially municipal waste. The soil moisture retention is enhanced while structure is improved.2. Availability is guaranteed all year round.
) (2.g. vehicles bodies etc found on our streets are milled into tiny bits. REVENUE: Government would generate a lot of revenue from sales of products derived from the project. compacted and sold to founding industries (C) Used papers will be sorted and converted to useable paper and packaging material e. (1. AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT: Farmers can now get fertilizer at anytime and at cheaper rates and this will boost agric production at their threshold. (A) Plastics of refuse will be sorted into grades. recycled and sold to plastic companies. the plastic. OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT This proposal is to meet the following needs: 1. cartons etc. 2.g wrapping papers.) (4. (B)Metal scraps e. 3 .) (3.) Organic component Plastic/inorganic component Metal scraps Waste paper Apart from fertilizer production. metal and paper components can be processed into useful raw materials as additional products.ADDITIONAL PRODUCTS PROCESSED BY SAME PLANT Refuse in this part of the world consists of three major components namely.
3. 5.environmental sanitation through waste management. Note: The ferrous metal parts would be magnetically picked out and the nonferrous metal sorted manually. The organic component in the refuse would be passed through composting treatment stages and at the end of the plant. 4. EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY: Development of entrepreneurs in waste recycling and job creation. PROCESS EQUIPMENT The equipment that constitutes the plants is listed as follows: 1. Sorting and recycling of scrap metals in waste into other useable forms. The paper and light card boards would be milled compressed and sold to paper mill or used to produce ceiling boards and light packing materials. Metal separators 4 . 6. compost is processed. HEALTH BENEFIT. PROCESS OF CONVERSION The refuse is collected from various points in the state and brought to the plant site where the plant will sort the refuse by mechanical and manual means into grades and sent in for treatment. fortified and bagged fertilizers. Conversion or re-use of nylon and plastics to generate funds and supply raw material for plastic industries. Plastics sorted out of the refuse are washed and pelletized to be sold to plastic companies as recycled material at good price.
25. 2.000/ per ton 75. 7. 3. 10.000 metric tons of compacted metal scraps for the steel mills and foundry work sold @ N35. @ N1500 per bag (N30.000/ ton. 000/ per ton. 16 hour per day the plant is expected to deliver the following 1. which Are available with the state waste management board. 3. Sold at N110. 4. 9.000 metric tons of recycled plastic pellets of raw materials for plastic industries.000 metric tons of recycled paper boards/ ceiling materials sold at N35. Paper separator Milling machines Conveyors Treatment barrels Pelletizers Dryers Storage silos and containers Laboratory Collection vehicle. 5. 3120 metric tons pelletized organic/organo mineral fertilizer per annum.2. NOTE: Blue prints of the above mentioned equipment are included in the proposal PRODUCTION CAPACITY OF DERIVED PRODUCTS At full capacity and based on continuous shifting methods. 50. 8. 5 .000/ per ton) . 4. 6.
000 Metal Scrap. 000. 500.000. 000.REVENUE GENERATED FROM SALES OF PRODUCTS Estimated production capacity and revenue from sales are calculated as follows: 1.000 mt @ N35. 000 = N875.000. 25. YEARS OF OPERATION % Return on Sale Current Ratio 1 2 100% 100% 2:1 2:1 3 100% 100% 2:1 4 100% 100% 2:1 100% % Return on Investment 100% M ARKET VALUE/ECONOMIC VALUE OF PRODUCTS 6 . 000 = N2.000 per ton = N93. 000. 75. 000 = N5.000 = N8. 3. 50.000 Yearly generated revenue PROFITABILITY AND FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE The following financial ratios show the expected financial performance of the project. Fertilizer – 3120mt @ N30. 2. 715.000 Recycled Paper. 4. 265.000 mt @ N110.000 mt @ N35.000 Recycled plastic.
7 . rods and plates. Metal scraps are on high demand both in the local and international market. 4. Our ability to recycle or reclaim rubber is a plus on the part of Kwara state considering the high demand of the product. The constant use of paper in all area of human daily living makes it a quick selling product even as recycled semi-processed raw materials for the light packing and building industries. Most local steel mills depend on scrap sourced locally for the production of metal sheets. 5. 2. Plastic products are on high demand for domestic and industrial use. Rubber is another product with great volume in municipal waste. This places recycled pelletized plastic raw material derived from refuse at an advantage of becoming best alternatives for plastic companies all over the country because the products would be cheaper than the expensive virgin plastic resins they often use. the mountainous heaps of refuse found on our streets should be turned into money because of the high market potential available for its products.As mentioned in the introduction to this proposal. Foundries depend on metal scraps to be able to service locally casted machine parts for industries. The continuous availability of this product will boost agricultural production in our country. 1. 3. Organic refuse fertilizer would become a very cheap sure alternative for our local farmers compared to the expensive chemically produced ones.
MAN POWER REQUIREMENT After commissioning. N. 8 . Additional five (5) hectares of land should be provided as demonstration plot to demonstrate efficacy of products. composed as follow: QUALIFICATIONS SUB-TOTAL Plant engineer Micro Biologist Polymer Technologist Skilled plant workers Unskilled workers Management Skilled office workers Clerical workers Unskilled office workers GRAND TOTAL HND/BSC HND/BSC HND/BSC OND WASC BSC/MSC OND WASC/OND WASC 5 3 3 5 11 5 5 5 15 57 NO MONTHLY SAL. the project will require an initial workforce of fiftyseven people. SPACE REQUIREMENT The plant can be situated above 25 acres of land to provide enough space for dumping ground and the plant which would be constructed on site in a properly aerated factory building preferably near a stream/river.B: Recruitment of staff will be a joint responsibility of the Government and our company.
000 N280.000 PHASE II: Construction and Fixing of Equipment and Accessories 9 .120. Accommodation Labour 4 Coordinators 4 Researchers 10 Labourers Report writing Sub-total N50.MAIN PROJECT PHASES The project will be in 3 phases PHASE 1: Preliminary evaluation of waste generation. 000 N250. 000/day for 2 weeks N20. Personnel. 2 weeks (Monday-Friday) Survey and evaluation The report will be ready in one month. Transportation. 000/x10 x 14days N2. volume and determination of capacity of waste processing plants.000 N1. 800.4 50. composition. 000 N4. 000/x 4x 14days N2.
750.000.000 @ N4.000 N5.000 Pelletizing equipment (3) @ N1.000 N4.000 N15.500 N3.975.000 N15.000.397.750.000 Bore hole with overhead tanks and piping systems within in industry (2) @ .480.680.000 N197.397.000 @N3.000 N20.550.680.500 Drier (1) Mixer (1) Curing chamber construction materials.500 Open shed for ware house Bagging and bagging equipment Spare parts for 1 year Cost of Inorganic amendment(3 months running) Office Quality control Laboratory N10.200.000 N10.000 each Constructing storage silo and containers = Transportation/Accommodation and feeding = Sub-total = Generator – 500KVA to be provided by the state 10 N20.5T/hr (For organic materials) Capacity is 10T/day Processed Organic fertilizer.(A) Organic Fertilizer*/Organomineral Fertilizer* Unit N4.000 N20. 26 chambers Shredder 1.500 Replicate on site for 24hr run N23.000 N20.792.000 N23.000.100.000 N15.000 N15.000. 200.597.000.625.000. it implies 30T/day for raw N4.
400. Separator/conveyors (3) @N3.000.000.All equipment to run on generator (Explore solar and inverter to support municipal electricity) Organomineral fertilizers. Metal shredder (1) @N5.000 N3. 000 Sub-total (3) SCRAP METALS CONVERSION UNIT Scrap metals are also N5.800.241.000 PAPERS CONVERSION UNIT Shredder (3) @N1.000. 000 N6.is fortified with Nitrogen and Phosphorus Organic fertilizer – Pure organic fertilizers.500.000.000 N10.200.000 Washing bay (1) @N7. 000 N2.000 N1.000.000 Compactors (2) @N3.675.725.500.000.000 sorted and converted to metal bars.558.225.000 N7. 000 Hydraulic press (3) @N2.200.400.000.000 11 . 000 Boiler (1) @N1.675.000 Sub-total (2) N10.000.666 Pelletizer (2) @N5. ADDDITIONAL FUNCTIONS OF THE PLANT (1) PLASTICS AND NYLON Nylon and plastics in municipal waste are sorted and transformed to fresh useable form.000 N37.333 Crushers(3) @N3. raw materials for other metal works.000 N6.500.000 Separator conveyers (3) @N1.000 Used papers conversion N3.000 N9.
SUMMARY OF PROJECT COST Sub-Totals 1. Cost o training the personnel for the operation. capacity building and mobilization of the community within the municipality Sub –Total Mobilty Project Vehicle. PHASE 3: TEST RUNNING AND TRAINING Training Training Personnel to man the plant is very important to sustain the project profitability. (a) (b) N3.000 SOURCE OF RAW MATERIALS Municipal Wastes: (a) Market waste. (For organomineral fertilizer only). Evaluation = N4.Sub-total N15. waste generated from homes and abattoir (b) Inorganic amendment-Urea and Super phosphate. 675.450.000 12 .000 A double Cabin Hilux (1) A Toyota Hiace Bus (14-18 seater). To be supplied by the State Government.000.
000 N6.000 Sub-Total Consultancy 20% Miscellaneous Grand Total 10% = = MATERIAL NOT COSTED 500KVA generator Toyota Bus (18 Seater) Double Cabin Hilux Government Refuse collection trucks TERMS OF PAYMENT 1.000 N3. Organic Fertilizer Plastic and Nylon Papers Metals Training = = = = = = = N197.000 N344.500. To be supplied by the State Government To be supplied by the State Government To be supplied by the State To be supplied by the State Government 80% before starting 15% at phase 3 5% at commissioning of project.000.000 N37.000 N26.500.000.400.675. 13 .000 N53. 3. 3. 5.2. 2.500.000 N15.975.000. 4. 6.000 N265.
(e) Availability of water and electricity must be provided by the State on- site. 14 . (c) Official cooperation with Waste Management Authority and Ministry of Environment particularly. (f) Periodic on-site visit and inspection and constant meeting among stake holders. for the release of data on waste generated. a different budget for materials and operations will be made. regular and sufficient conveyance of wastes to the project site are inevitable.Conditions (1) (2) The whole project will be completed within 6 months from the day the project is mobilized The consultants will run the plants with the trained personnel for a period of 3-6months. (3) Staff for the plants will be employed with counsel from the state Government will give enabling environment (4) (a) Accessibility to the waste sites. (b) Ensuring that enough and proper waste materials are available at the plant site to meet the targeted production capacity of the plant. property and equipment guaranteed by the state. At that point. (d) Security of life.
BENEFITS OF THE PROJECT 1. Capacity building and job creation for youth. A clean City and aesthetic environment Waste turned into wealth Indigenous fertilizer available at affordable price at the grass root for all farmers Conservation of foreign exchange Organic food can be produced for good health and premium price for local and international markets. 8. 2. 3. 7. 4. 6. ceiling boards and scrap metal for fabrication. 15 . 5. International Trade established with the exportation of organic foods. Papers turned to particleboards. Commercialization of Nylon and Plastic. We look forward to having a discussion with you at your convenience.