Art Appreciation 5/23/11 *CHAPTER ONE: LIVING WITH ART Form = Structure ³Aesthetics´ ± feelings based on sensory projection y y y y y Brancusi

spent his life searching for forms that were simple, pure, and timeless. The impulse to make art. No society that we know of has lived without some form of art. The impulse to make and respond to art appears to be as deeply ingrained as the ability to learn language. Radiocarbon testingindicates that the earliest images made by humans date back to the Paleolithic Period. The impulse to create art comes from basic human interests in creating order and structure, exploring aesthetic possibilities, and constructing images and forms that carry meaning. Methods used by prehistoric painters: - Animal fats and pigments were mixed together. - Reed brushes were used. - Powdered pigments were blown through hollow reeds. Post and lintel construction. What do artists do? - Create places for some human purpose. - Create extraordinary versions of ordinary objects. - Record and commemorate. - Give tangible form to the unknown. - Give tangible form to feelings and ideas. - Refresh our vision of the world around us. ³Create places for some human purpose´ ³Give tangible form to the unknown´ (Shiva Nataraja) ³Give tangible form to feelings and ideas´ (The Starry Night) Vincentvan Gogh ± Dutch artist, commits suicide (led poisoning) / Theo van Gogh ³The time will come when people see that [my paintings] are worth more than the price of paint.´ ± Vincent van Gogh - Major influence on later artists. - Limited number of his paintings. - Plays a large role in Western art history. - Viewer feels a connections with the artist. Eight traits of the creative person: Content = Meaning

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architecture.y y .Can we apply our concept of art to art of different cultures? Is our definition universal? .Playfulness .Productivity . Outsider Art EXTRA CREDIT: (Back in 2004) What was dubbed the most influential art of the 20th century?) Title and date? Who was the artist? Where is it located? (what museum.) Andy Warhol ± originator of Popular Art.Analytical skill .What is art? (What art is is what art does.´ Folk Art.Organizational skill [order out of chaos] Vanitas « ³the fleeting nature of earthly life and happiness.Originality .Flexibility . or ³Pop Art.) What is its estimated value? What was the name of the award it received in 2004? Why was it considered the most influential work of art? (reasoning behind it) What came in second place? DUE BY 5PM WEDNESDAY! Art and Appearances .Representational . Intuitive Art.Abstract .Can we apply our concept of art to art of the past?Is our definition timeless? . *CHAPTER 2: WHAT IS ART? y y y Art as craft in the Middle Ages. Renaissance « painting. Naïve Art.Is there one correct standard for judging art? . Aesthetics is the field of philosophy that asks the questions: .Fluency . sculpture. etc.Nonrepresentational y y y y .Sensitivity .´ The most important part of an artwork is what it means to the viewer.

Style « consistent visual characteristics. Pyramid of Khafre (center). Giza. Theme: Stories and Histories Rauschenberg makes paintings.y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y (Hansen) Trompe l¶oiel ± art being so realistic that it will fool your eye into believing it is. The Modulor Based on the Golden Selection RHYTHM ± repeated visual elements Paul Klee. the largest pyramid Barbara Kruger. ³The most important key to looking at art is to become aware of the process of looking itself. composition. color. Egypt. he has done extensive set and costume design. etc. Le Corbusier.Symbolic hand gestures . Representational art. shape. Different Iconography (Bodhisattvas/Angels) .Sacred theme .Society. Study of Human Proportions according to Vitruvius Vitruvius associated perfect male form with the circle and square. Pyramid of Khufu ± The Great Pyramid (right) « tombs built for the Egyptian afterlife. Cubism ± to look at a subject from multiple points of view all at the same time. .Similar composition . Theme: Politics and the Social Order (The Great Pyramids) The Great Pyramids. and combination pieces.Audience. Context: . 1981 Photography as 20th century social message.Life of the artist. . Perception ± the process of looking.Made in the same century Iconoclasm ± the destruction of images based on religious beliefs. Pyramid of Menkaure (left). Form: size. Untitled (your Gaze Hits the Side of My Face). as well as graphic design for magazines and books. Landsscape with Yellow Birds Girl Before a Mirror Form (Design Structure) . .Cultural traditions.´ Late to class 5/27/2011 Leonardo da Vinci. material. Pyramid of Khufu. prints.

y y y . Naturalism ± still representationalism 12. Eight traits of the creative person 9. Theo van Gogh 8. Abstract ± ³Cubism´ 13. only painted for 10 years 7. Equestrian statue 19. Earth Works 22. timeless 2.Fired clay is called terra cotta. Triangle composition Absent yesterday 6/2/2011 y y Four Basic Methods of Sculpture (Be able to put sculpture with method) Modeling . Representationalism ± Trump loi ³Fool the eye´ 11. The Sacred Realm (where is it located) 17. Van Gogh had a major influence on art. Recognize Barbara Kruger work (photography) 21. Picasso¶s Murnica ± What is it about? Why is it painted? Where was it put? 20.Elements of Design . Casting y . reeds and sticks 4. Art is as necessary as language 3. Non-representationalism 14. animal fat. .Most popular material is clay.Principles of Design Content (Meaning) . Iconoclasm ± construction of icons 15.Vanitas 1. Brankuzi ± the essence of the work. Politics and social order (Great Pyramids ± Kufu¶s is the largest) 18. Give tangible form to the unknown ± Hindu carving ShibinuHaraja (recognize) 5. To give tangible form to ideas and feelings ± associate Vincent van Gogh (paining) 6. something pure. The anitas idea: fleeting quality of earthly life 10. Rhino cave drawing ± Paleolithic. Themes of Art (8) 16.

or Lost-Wax Casting Project Carving .The process of the project is the subject matter . Christo and Jeanne-Claude. High relief. 1979-2005. 2005 The artworks of Christo and Jeanne-Claude: .y y y y y y y y . Sunken relief. New York.C.Putting material together to create a form. The Gates. Richard Serra.Bring together a temporary community of people focused on a particular idea *FINAL EXAM REVIEW* y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y Picasso . February 12027. casting. Washington D.buon&seqo Jasper John¶s in costiq Print making (four methods) Understand what the edition (number in the middle) and cancellation (so artists can¶t make any more prints & to protect work) are Four Basic Methods of Sculpture (Modeling.Also known as Subtractive Process Assembling .Bresh in ink Costic (use of wax) ± Egypt. Installed Federal Plaza.Temporary and transitory .Ancient Greeks: Contrapposto Site-Specific Installation. Greece.Self-financing .Early Egyptian: humanistic. Sculpture-in-the-Round The Human Figure in Sculpture . New York City by the General Services Administration. symbolic . Low relief. assembling) Contrapposto element . Rome Fresco (oldest form of painting) .Juju sketch Preparatory drawing Leonardo ± ³Renaissance man´ Dry materials: Silver poin (metal poin) Metal poin ± graphite pencil Difference from chalk & crayon: the binder and pigment George Ciroq ± pointalism Rembrant¶s favorite material: Pen & ink Matique . Tilted Arc. carving. Installation in Central Pakr.a work created for a specific place and has a meaning affected by its specific context. 1981.Cire Perdue.

y y Size-specific works Sculpture-in-the-Round .

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