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"TRANSFORMING THE PATRIARCHAL ORDER TO HUMAN RIGHTS´ This is the central and crucial issues of gender equality and gender justice which are integral to all other major global concerns re economic and social justice. My Proposing to develop is a worldwide Campaign of information to Transcend Patriarchy, breaking through the vicious cycle of humiliation. I do not need present an extensive description and explanation of gender issues on which there is a major body of literature. My only purpose is to
encourage the articulation of and reflection on all relevant interpretations and to catalyze action to overcome the underlying problems of patriarchy. Varying positions on actions to respond to conditions of human inequality. My Objetive is that all human beings know and have the capacity to claim their human rights, holds that this mind set, and its constituent behaviors and social institutions comprises contemporary forms patriarchy that deny true and complete human dignity to all men, women and children. I believe that through a process of human rights learning and action, societies can transcend patriarchy and bring forth an alternative mind set, behaviors and social institutions derived from the values and principles of human rights and guided and governed by the international standards that the world community has adopted toward their universal realization.
2. PATRIARCHALISM, A MAJOR OBSTACLE TO UNIVERSAL HUMAN DIGNITY.
Patriarchy in its literal sense means the rule of the fathers. Having it roots in tribal society, it was institutionalized in post tribal societies into more complex religious, social and legal systems and formal governmental structures such as the senate of ancient Rome and most subsequent governments. The word senator derives from a Latin word meaning old man. Throughout recorded history in most human societies some form of patriarchy has prevailed, reinforced by cultural values derived from systems of male dominance. It has been so commonly and continually practiced as to appear natural rather than a humanly constructed social order that is both changing and changeable. In its
present forms patriarchy has become more an ideology and belief system than the explicit social and political systems of earlier times. Even in countries where legal equality of women and men has been established, the deep psychological and cultural roots of patriarchy survive as a belief system in the minds of many women and men. We propose to call this belief system patriarchalism. Patriarchalism asserts the superiority of all males to all females and arranges this fundamental inequality in a hierarchal order in which middle aged men now hold primary power over all others, controlling economies, militaries, educational and religious institutions. Men in general are more powerful and advantaged than women. Western men have more power in the global order than men from other world regions. Women of higher economic class have power over both men and women of lower income and poverty status. At the very bottom of this hierarchy are the vulnerable and oppressed of the world, most the aged, all children, and women; with most vulnerable being aged, poor women. As a result of Western colonialism which in itself was as manifestation of patriarchalism, it is also implicated in the evolution of racism, holding that Caucasian Western peoples are superior to those whose origins lie in other world regions. In that even the most powerful suffer limits of choice and respect in these orders, all are denied human dignity. Indeed, patriarchal values and thinking intensifies and obscures solutions to most of the major problems that now threaten the health of the planet, ecological devastation, warfare and weaponry, racial, ethnic and religious conflict, poverty, disease and ever increasing political repression, even in the so called "democratic" states. All these threats are made the more complex and difficult to address because of the limits imposed on human capacities and creativity by the gendered power divisions that comprise patriarchalism. There is a vast literature in
feminist and gender studies that clearly links elements of patriarchalism or sexism to all of these threats. We need not rehearse them here. However, it is important to acknowledge that patriarchalism is the antithesis of the ideology of human rights and human rights is the core of an alternative belief system that can transcend the limits patriarchalism imposes on the realization of human possibilities and the enjoyment of human dignity. Further we assert that human rights standards can and should be brought to bear on all the global problems that threaten human survival and the quality of life of the majority of Earth¶s peoples.
3. HUMAN RIGHTS, AN ALTERNATIVE VISION FOR HUMAN SOCIETY Most of the positive changes that have occurred in human society been inspired by the fundamental concepts and values that inform human rights, the inherent dignity of all human beings of both sexes, all races, ages, capacities, ethnicities, religions and nationalities. However, throughout history the vast majority of human beings have not enjoyed human rights. While all human rights denials and violations are not consequences of patriarchy, many indeed are. Indeed, patriarchy has been the template of the authoritarian, elitist forms of social organization and governance that have tolerated, sanctioned or committed such systematic and perpetual human rights violations as sexism, racism, exploitation and oppression, and other such egregious insults to human dignity. Concepts of human rights have emerged in the human mind and spirit, as an alternative to human suffering and degradation. Human rights has become a code phrase for a value system, human relationships and social
organization grounded in the concepts of universal human dignity, human capacity to live together in justice and social responsibility to strive toward societies in which justice and order are equally valued and mutually reinforcing. In sum, human rights comprise a holistic vision of a transformed society in which men, women, youth and children live together in the relationships of respect that honor universal human dignity. "Human rights" is the concept which informs a mind set that perceives social order not as an end in itself or the tool by which established powers maintain their dominance. It is rather the condition which permits the pursuit of social, economic and political justice by means other than coercion, intimidation, the force of arms or the imposition of dysfunctional or harmful cultural traditions. The spirit which informs the principles of and movements for human rights is one that aspires to convivial human societies in which men and women of various cultures, political and religious beliefs and different social systems can live together in mutual respect and cooperate in the struggle to overcome all the obstacles to human dignity which perpetuate the human suffering which characterizes the present world order and the societies which comprise it. I believe that human rights are a set of principles to guide and mediate human affairs in ways which honor the human worth of all persons. The international human rights standards have been formulated and adopted by the world community as tools for social transformation toward a world guided by just law rather than the raw force which prevails in today global society.
4)TOWARD TRANSFORMATION, MAPPING THE PRESENCE AND PATTERNS OF PATRIARCHY AND PLANNING STRATEGIES FOR CHANGE.
Given the global problems and the obstacles to their resolution attributable to patriarchalism, the need now is to look into the specifics of how patriarchalism affects our daily lives, how it manifests itself, and how it influences the social, economic and political issues faced by our respective communities and our common global society. A worldwide inquiry at the community level into the specific ways in which patriarchalism affects individuals and communities in their daily lives, personal relationships, economic activities, education, creativity, political issues and structures and spiritual quests is an imperative. The understanding these specifics of patrirachalism is necessary, so that families, communities and nations can work together to overcome them. Differences and similarities in these conditions as they exist in all parts of the world must be investigated so as to have a better understanding of the global state of patriarchalism. These many local initiatives to examine and change the inequalities and injustices that prevent men and women for working together for their mutual benefit and for a more just social order will provide us with a global map of patriarchalism as the men and women of the world now experience it, in all its many, culturally varied manifestations. I hope to facilitate the development of an inspired thinking and planning for culturally appropriate means to change the myriad and various forms the gender injustices, so that men and women everywhere can help each other to learn new ways of thinking, relating, developing their economies and making the political decisions that control their lives. The sum of these changes can lead us into a transformative process that
can make possible the vision of a global order of human rights cultures in which human dignity is universally respected and realized by all members of the human family.
I hope that with this contribution You can obtain an orientation about the human rights search information about the transform of patriarchy.
QUESTIONS TO DISCERN AND DESCRIBE PATRIARCHALISM IN OUR LIVES: 1. How do you experience gender relations in their family and personal lives? How are family decisions made? How is work and leisure assigned and enjoyed? How are jobs and social activities chosen and arranged? What are the gender differences in these matters? Are the differences equally fair to women and men?
2. Do the traditions of your culture offer equal if different satisfactions to men and women? Are girl and boy babies welcomed with equal family pride, joy and community status for the parents? Are women who bear female children honored equally as those who bear male children? Do birth rituals and celebrations reflect equal value of both sexes?
3. Is schooling and any other form of education available to you offered equally to boys and girls? Are there separate facilities for each? Are equal resources expended on both? When curricula are developed
separately for boys and girls are both given education for full citizenship and equal educational opportunity?
4. Are men and women equally involved in the decisions about their own marriages? Do husband and wives have equal economic and political rights? In general is there gender justice and equality apparent in social and cultural life? Are entertainment, advertising, celebrations equally respectful of women and men? Do women and men have equal access to waged work? Can both choose the kinds of jobs they prefer? If the same jobs are open to both men and women, do they receive the same pay?
5. What is the ratio of men to women in public offices, town or tribal councils in your community, and in the governmental bodies in your province and nation? Are the interests and concerns of families given adequate consideration in policy and decision-making in all these bodies? Are the interests and concerns of men and women given equal consideration? Do some or all decisions favor one sex over the other? If so which decision and which is the favored sex? How do you determine what is favorable to one or both sexes, funds expended, gender consequences of the policies, relative satisfaction with public policy between women and men?
6. Do your country¶s international delegations and representations have equal numbers of women and men? If there is equality does it apply to all subjects and issues addressed in international meetings and by international organizations?
7. What you find to be the advantages and disadvantages of being a man or a woman in your culture and society? What would they most want to change in their own respective status and that of the other? What person and/or what institutions would have to affect the changes? What can each individual do to plan, encourage and work for the change?
8. For each of these areas of life that have gender aspects, select indicators from your responses that reflect elements of patriarchalism and list them as indicators, assessing how severe each is. Which are most in need of change? Which seem most changeable and why? Which ones might you be able to change or begin a change process? Which ones will require institutional or legal change?
9. Review UDHR and CEDAW to determine which of your indicators are actually violations of human rights?
10. Plan a strategy to overcome the problems and implement the human rights of your group that are being violated by patriarchalism.