KARUNYA UNIVERSITY Department of Value Education VE 302 VALUE EDUCATION COURSE - PG (Credits 1:0:0) Unit -I • • Vision and Mission of Karunya
- Biography of Dr.D.G.S Dhinakaran (KU founder) Revelation – Obedience – Faith Introduction : Value Education, Purpose of Value Education - Importance of values in life.
Unit -II • • Concept of man: Creation of Man - Body, soul and Spirit - Man as tripartite being Concept of God: Understanding God – Trinity – Moral and Natural Attributes of God
Unit -III • • Unit -IV • • Unit- V • • • Indian Church History : St.Thomas tradition - Protestant Reformation – Pentecostal Movement Mission and Kingdom building : Great Commission of Jesus Christ Case Studies: Moses, Paul, Hannah, Ananias and Sapphira - Life and values inculcated by such personalities.. Beatitudes : Kingdom Values – Sermon on the Mount Balanced Christian life : Secular and spiritual – Biblical and Traditional Christ –like living : Anointed life - Delivering the oppressed - Healing the sick Spirit filled Living : Fasting - Knowing God’s will – Spiritual Maturity
Vision and Mission of Karunya - Biography of Dr.D.G.S Dhinakaran (KU founder) Revelation – Obedience – Faithx CHAPTER – 1 1.1 VISION AND MISSION OF KARUNYA Karunya University was founded with the noble vision to raise professionals and leaders of high academic calibre and unblemished character, nurtured with a strong motivation and commitment to serve humanity. The Karunya Institute of Technology was started as a private self-financing engineering college on 4 October 1986. In 2004, the institute was awarded the Deemed to be University status in recognition of its academic excellence by the Ministry of Human Resources Development, Government of India and subsequently renamed as Karunya University under section 3 of the UGC Act, 1956 vide Notification No. 9-3-2000-U3 dated. 23.6.2004 of the Government of India. Karunya University is into its 22nd year of service in Higher education with specific focus on Engineering and Technology. In the short span of its existence it has moved swiftly ahead to carve a niche for itself as an institution promoting all round excellence. In a nutshell, Karunya is a co-educational, fully residential, Technological University imparting holistic education to develop the body, mind and spirit of the students. The Making of a University The origin of the Institution is amazing. In the year 1981, Late Dr. D.G.S. Dhinakaran, God's servant received the divine commission to start a Technical University which could turn out outstanding engineers with leadership qualities at the national and global level. Building up such a great Institution was no easy task. The Dhinakarans had to face innumerable trials and tribulations including the tragic death of
UNIT – 1
their dear daughter during the course of this great endeavor. But nothing could stop them from reaching the goal. The Vision In response to the divine command Dr. D.G.S. Dhinakaran received from the Lord Almighty, the Institute was established with the vision of turning out of its portals engineers excelling both in academics and values. They will be total persons with the right combination of academic excellence, personality development and spiritual values. The Mission
To provide the youth with the best opportunities and environment for higher education and research in engineering, technology , medical and other arts and sciences to help them to attain very high levels of academic excellence and scientific temper, technical and professional competencies and life skills. To train and develop youth as total persons who would be endowed with divine power and compassion to serve humanity, to alleviate their suffering through prayer, counseling and good works.
Inculcate in students values and make them appreciate the need for high ethical in personal, social and public life in order to enable them to reach higher levels, to become leaders, to be voice in order to influence society and nation with a view, to uphold and promote a just social order. 1.2 BIOGRAPHY OF DR. D.G.S. DHINAKARAN
Dr D.G.S.Dhinakaran is the founder of the Jesus Calls Ministry. Born on July 1, 1935, he had a very tough life being torn by the ailments of poverty and agony of unemployment. Unable to bear the agony of these problems, on February 11, 1955, Dr.D.G.S.Dhinakaran decided to put an end to his life. He started towards the nearest railway track in his village to throw himself before the speeding train when he was stopped by his uncle who introduced Jesus Christ. He experienced a sudden wave of divine peace and hope, flood his heart. His mind was transformed and he returned home enlightened. After this incident, things started happening in him supernaturally. There arose an unquenchable thirst in him to spend hours together poring over the life-transforming pages of eternal Truth - The Bible, discovering secrets that could revolutionize human life. He spent hours talking to God and sought Him with all his heart.
The High Calling Seven years of diligently seeking the Lord Jesus Christ! On October 9, 1962, he tarried at the feet of the Lord Jesus in prayer till midnight. He pleaded persistently. "Lord! Hear my prayer now and grant me Your power! Or else, slay me! I don't want to live as a powerless and phoney Christian!" Next day dawned. 10th October 1962! After an exacting day in the bank, he returned home at 9.30 in the night. Supper over, he joined the family prayers. He longed to have a glimpse of blessed vision of Jesus. The very next moment, a divine presence appeared in front of him! He was thrown into an ecstasy of joy. The Lord opened His eyes and poured out His love and compassion in his heart! This love will console their broken hearts and heal their diseased bodies. Birth of a Ministry With a glorious vision and words of assurance, God blessed Dr.Dhinakaran His servant profusely for persistently seeking Him. Thus, the 'JESUS CALLS MINISTRY' came into being as a one-man ministry. Dr.Dhinakaran considered men and women from all over the world, irrespective of their caste, creed, race or language, as his own brothers and sisters. He considered their tears as his own and preached to them the love and compassion of Christ. He invoked the Lord's blessings and pleaded Him to perform miracles that will wipe away the tears of the multitudes. Apart from his job as a top executive in a bank, he devoted himself to God's ministry with utmost zeal. The power of Christ was manifest in his preaching and prayers. "Jesus Calls Ministry" spread far and wide. Today with God's grace, it has grown into a multifaceted far-flung ministry, spreading the Good News to the world in 20 different ways. His wife Stella has stood with him in all his joys and sorrows and also extends her hand in the ministry of wiping tears of millions and building up broken homes. His son Paul has been working with him from the age of 18, when he received the call from the Lord. On November 4, 1986, Dr.D.G.S.Dhinakaran inaugurated the Karunya Institute of Technology, a residential Engineering College with a strength of 2,800 students. The Trial On May 21, 1986, a great tragedy struck this spiritual giant! That was his ultimate test of his faith. He lost his only daughter Angel Dhinakaran in a car accident on his way to the Karunya Institute of Technology, Coimbatore. He was shattered and forsaken. He recovered from the great shock and continued his ministry in wiping the tears of millions who are in need of Christ's love and compassion. Great servants of God, like Pastor.Benny Hinn, Dr.Pat Robertson, Dr.Dave Roberson, Pastor.John Osteen honour Dr.D.G.S.Dhinakaran as the apostle of this age in India. Having established this multi-faceted ministry, Dr.D.G.S.Dhinakaran continuously and fervently probes into various other possible ways of fulfilling the mission of carrying the love and compassion of Christ to the millions.
Through him, people witness the miracles of Jesus Christ. The Home Call Truly, Dr. D.G.S. Dhinakaran was a man after God’s own heart, who healed millions of broken hearted people around the world through his prayers. His prayers were so powerful because the anointing that was in him was awesome. He also had the spirit of compassion in him which moved him to pray with tears for the suffering humanity CHAPTER – 2
1.2 INTRODUCTION TO VALUE EDUCATION
WHAT IS VALUE EDUCATION? Value Education is the education that teaches you ‐How to live life well? How to find happiness? How to make others happy? How to manage all kinds of people and happenings as well How to grow and succeed in the right manner? ACADEMIC EDUCATION VS VALUE EDUCATION Both are equally important. Without formal education, you will not be able to read or write. Without these skills, you cannot get a good job or manage even the simple things of daily living.Value education is equally important. If a highly qualified, well‐employed person does not know how to behave properly, all that he or she does has little meaning and will not serve him or her well.Fruitful education is the kind used for our welfare as well as that of others. This can only happen only when you have both academic and value education. The main objective of the value education is to mold the student to be an agent of positive change and transformation of the society EXAMPLES OF TWO SCIENTISTS. Both are brilliant and very highly qualified. But one invents a life‐saving drug while the other invents a bomb. Both have a great deal of academic education. But the scientist with character, a love for mankind and certain values, creates something that can save hundreds of lives. On the contrary, the other scientist creates something that can destroy entire cities and cause pain and deformities even in future generations. Alfred Nobel invented explosives. Later he felt so bad about it that he created the Nobel Peace Prize, which is given to individuals who make extraordinary efforts to, foster peace. VALUE EDUCATION: PRIORITY AREAS.
worthwhile or trivial. • • • • • •
. you must learnt to use them well and give yourself and others happiness. in the middle of the battle. these very things will destroy him or her. It was not inner strength. What do you think happened to his power then? It deserted him when he needed it most because he had gained that power by throwing away all the good values from his life. It is that which is buried in the subconscious. When defeat neared. One day. Values come into full play whenever decisions are called for. He caused the Second World War.According to T. the fine things in life like a high reputation. power or fame when you grow up. Even today. wealth. tolerance Justice – becoming agents of social change Issues of women – change of attitudes towards women Faith in God – strengthening the Spirit of man Democracy – equality of persons before the Law Openness – seeing people of other groups as persons like ourselves. Adolf Hitler. he killed himself. fame and money can make a person arrogant. Mathias Values are ideals. good and bad. He reached the throne after killing nearly 90 kinsmen. Respect for life –communal harmony. you need to live a life of values Young people need help and guidance in the development of values and value system. IMPORTANCE OF VALUE EDUCATION‐ Even during good times. But his early success was based on much violence. He served his people in wonderful ways. moral or spiritual principles which are important to us and on which we base our living. On the contrary. So even if you have much talent. they are faced with many questions that will lead them to crucial decisions and actions. beliefs. the head of the German Empire was at one time the most powerful man on earth. did he face it bravely? No. MEANING Values are deep‐seated beliefs about what is right and wrong.A. His power is just an external show.. he realized that there were no true victors in war because so many died on both sides. But he misused his power to confiscate land and money that belonged to others and to torture and kill millions. many leaders who gave up good values just to gain power met with failure and death in the long run. and it silently guides everything we say or do. he is honored and remembered. They are confronted by many more crisis than the previous generations. today more than ever before. Unless a person knows how to use money and power in the right manner. Life of Emperor Asoka and Hitler Emperor Asoka was one of the greatest Indian rulers.
blood. internal "bone deep" beliefs or an external "should" value. Preachers. He always existed. We often don't recognize a lifetime of conditioning that has left us with other people's belief systems. And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground. VALUE INCULCATION PROCESS 1. or some other end value. recognition.Man as tripartite being
CONCEPT OF MAN
I.”And Man became a living soul” . It is the part of man above the body but beneath the spirit and acts as a medium between the two (Baxon) II. bones. Lack of commitment leads to the presence of the same character with existing values. Messages etc. Replace any "should" values with your own.Organizing ‐ Prioritizing 5.
The Origin of Man
Genesis 1:1 tells that God existed in the beginning. Examine each core value to ensure that it is your end value and not a means to some other end.Receiving – From sources like Parents.Responding‐ Believing or deciding 3.The Spirit – breathed into man’s nostrils by the Lord God 3. and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life. 2. and man became a living soul. this is the union of the other two. soul and Spirit . pleasure. Genesis 1 :26-27 records the fact chronologically that man was created on the sixth day. power. freedom. Hence we should resolve to inculcate values that lead to a complete life and stay committed to it.Valuing – It becomes Important 4. hence change in the system can be brought only if we have commitment to change.Characterizing – Finally it becomes your character Focusing on your core values: Ask yourself whether these are your true. COMMITMENT Commitment is the integral part of our value system. Bible. helping others. Genesis 2:7 gives the details of how it was done. For example. Man a Tripartite Being
.” The three parts of man are referred to in this verse: 1.The Body of Man – our flesh.Body. It's usually the means to status. security. wealth is seldom a value in itself. which eventually leads to the undesirable consequences. accomplishment. were made of the dust of the ground 2. He is eternal. Unit -II • Concept of man: Creation of Man .
It refers to moral likeness not physical likeness. Spirit gives man “God-consciousness” – the ability to communicate with God III. and may your spirit. Hebrews 4: 12 "for the word of God is living and active. Eph.the physical part of man. The Spirit of Man Spirit gives man “God-consciousness” – the ability to communicate with God. sensation ability is expressed in and through the physical body. God breathed into the nostrils of Adam.e life foes out) the soul separates from the body. potassium. that “The spirit receives impressions of outward and material things through the soul and the body. and they are identically same ones –a wonderful proof of creation of God. When the spirit leaves the body (i. hearing. It is the spirit that acts as a cohesive force." Very often the spirit and the soul are confused because of their close affinity and characteristics. soul and body be kept sound and blameless. fluorine. Man Created in the Image and After Likeness of God Genesis 1:26. carbon. chlorine. The body of man has five senses: sight. After the fall the body became a dying. “Let us make man in Our image to be Our likeness. Soul gives man “Self-consciousness” – the ability to be a person. "May the God of peace himself sanctify you wholly. Psalm. sharper than any two edged sword piercing to the division of soul and spirit. Pierson says. All ecstasy. discerning the thoughts and intentions of the heart. magnesium. phosphorus.Body gives man “world-consciousness” – the ability through the senses to understand 2. The image of God does not denote physical likeness. giving him the spirit. the glue or communicator between the other two dimensions.4:23. spirit is very similar to the soul.Man consists of three component parts: Body. iron.3:10) IV. The Body of Man This is the part of man with which we are most familiar . body and soul cannot coexist. (ref. taste. Dust is analyzed as containing 96 elements and man also contains 96 elements.” 1. death-doomed body (Chafer) V. The two expressions mean more than man having dominion over nature. for God is Spirit and spirit does not have parts and passions as a man does. of joints and marrow. for I am fearfully wonderfully made. Col. Without the life giving spirit.T. To mention some of the 96: calcium. The spirit is the capital city of the human
. There are two passages that clearly teach that man has three parts which is separate and distinct.24. From scripture we learn that it means Knowledge. 3. It is the life principle. A. righteousness and holiness. oxygen. nitrogen. 1 Thess: 5:23 says. It is the spirit that gives the body its life.139:14." Thus soul and spirit are distinct entities as the joint and marrow are or thought and the intentions of the heart are 1. pain.” The Bible tells us that the body of man was formed from the dust of the earth. personality 3. “ I will praise thee. 2. silicon and sodium . Soul and spirit . touch and smell. iodine. Spirit is the life-giving go-between between soul and body. but it belongs to a higher level and is capable of a direct knowledge of God by relation to its higher senses and faculties. hydrogen.
3:21 teach us that at death the body goes to the dust and the spirit back t God. From Adam and Eve. He is our "uncreated" Creator. The soul seems to be the part of man midway between the body and the spirit. yet it is not a mixture of the two. We tend to place God into the context of our humanity. God is Spirit. soul is associated with the personality of man. power. Throughout the ages humankind has struggled to become gods. wisdom. and we will always be His "created" beings. based on what we know about ourselves. Laws of nature (material and spiritual) are derived in the soul. Thus the soul is generated. The work of the soul is to co-ordinate the activities of the two diverse parts. The soul joins the two worlds. (Rom. “ God designed that the human spirit indwelt and ruled by the Holy Spirit. Yet. as the lowest in subjection to the spirit. mind. The Soul of Man Soul gives man “Self-consciousness”. the highest.personality. and maintain in everything its proper preeminence ruling soul and body. and the spirit of man is the part that resembles God most. Soul is the field of ideas where experiences are analyzed. emotions etc. When we were originally created. inherits the generic experiences and then goes on to grow as the person grows. personal life. God's creation will never know the depths of the mind of their Creator. space. it stands for the individual. VI. we were formed to replicate God in every way. though at times seems to take on characteristics of one or the other. and then attempt to label and categorize Him. and time. All we can know. should keep man in constant touch with Himself. The soul is to keep the body. A. Relationships are perceived by the soul." to New Age enthusiasts who believe that one day humans will reach their final evolution in reincarnation to become gods. Soul therefore is the real person as we think of a person’s personality. even then. who ate the fruit "to become like God.”
Concept of God: Understanding God – Trinity – Moral and Natural Attributes of God
UNDERSTANDING GOD Definition of God: God is the creator and sustainer of the universe who has provided humankind with a revelation of Himself through the natural world and through His son Jesus Christ and through His Word (Scripture). It is the soul that sin and is held responsible for man’s behavior. there was no basis for comparison between Him and us. John. God is not like us. mortals have been striving for the security found in being unlimited in terms of knowledge.8:16) Ecclesiastes 12:7.T. stored and interpreted on the basis of previous experiences. The observed facts of physical world are simply matter and its motion. his intellect. Without it events becomes meaningless.4:24. is what He has chosen to reveal to us
.Pierson says that. physical and the spiritual.
because there is one God from whom these degrees. vapor and ice are forms of water. God the Son.No Illustration Is Completely Accurate With respect to the Trinity Doctrine. nor are your ways My ways.How Can We Comprehend It? The most difficult thing about the Trinity Doctrine is that there is no way to adequately explain it. Isaiah 9:6. The water illustration is somewhat better.TRINITY Trinity Doctrine ...God is Beyond Comprehension! The core of the Trinity Doctrine is the reality of a triune Godhead . All we really need to know about the Trinity Doctrine: "Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations. The Bible also teaches that there is only one God (Deuteronomy 6:4. The Father. but in degree. so are My ways higher than your ways.three Persons. Prax. It shouldn't bother us that we can't understand "tri-unity. Trinity Doctrine . but still fails to adequately describe the Trinity. So. 28:19. Son (Jesus Christ) and Holy Spirit. They are of one substance and power. this doesn't mean that they're both not true. each of them is God. let alone explain. The Bible teaches that the Father is God (Exodus 3:14). not the egg in themselves. and God the Holy Spirit -. there is one God. therefore we should not expect to be able to fully understand Him. Son and Holy Spirit are not forms of God. forms and kinds devolve in the name of Father. How these two statements of doctrine can both be true is incomprehensible to the human mind. They are three. James 2:19). and My thoughts than your thoughts'" (Isaiah 55:8-9). The Father. The three persons of the Godhead are coequal and co-eternal (Genesis 1:26. Trinity Doctrine . This is a difficult concept to grasp. Liquid.God lives in fellowship and relationship with Himself. white and yoke are parts of the egg. not in dignity. and that the Holy Spirit is God (Acts 5:3-4). The egg fails in that the shell. baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit…" (Matthew 28:19) NATURE (ATTRIBUTES) OF GOD I. none of the popular illustrations are completely accurate descriptions. the Father and the Son. NATURAL / PRIMARY ATTRIBUTES OF GOD :
. Matthew 3:16-17. Tertullian (160-215 AD) explained.Foundation of the Christian Faith ." We can't comprehend infinity. not in substance but in form. eternity or electricity either. and this number is made by the pattern of salvation. but reality is real whether we can comprehend it or not. The Trinity is a concept that is impossible for any human being to fully understand. each of them is God. An infinite God cannot be fully described by a finite illustration. Son and Holy Spirit.God is beyond our comprehension. and 1 John 5:7)." (Adv. eternally existing in three persons: Father. 'For as the heavens are higher than the earth. try to focus on the fact of God's greatness and infinitely higher nature than our own.' says the LORD. However. while these illustrations may give us a picture of the Trinity. the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are His judgments and His ways past finding out! For who has known the mind of the Lord? Or who has become His counselor?" (Romans 11:33-34) Jehovah God is God the Father. the picture is not entirely accurate or complete. and three with the Holy Spirit. that Jesus is God (John 8:58). God is infinitely higher than we are. not in power but in kind. Son and Holy Spirit are not parts of God. "'For My thoughts are not your thoughts. PL 2. Hebrews 3:7-11. 23. Instead of focusing on the Trinity.156-7). "Oh. one God.What is the Trinity Doctrine? In a nutshell. Trinity Doctrine . But let's put a God-sized doctrine into perspective -. Luke 1:35. "We define that there are two.
and He therefore cannot do anything contrary to His nature as God.time and space are part of that creation. by definition. The attributes of God by which He fills the universe in all its parts and is present everywhere at once.. He has the power to forgive those who do. self-conscious and selfdetermining.GOD IS ETERNAL – Eternity refers to God’s relation to time. present. or that results in a logical contradiction. He is not different from one time to another. But God sees time in its entirely. He has the power to make sure that it will happen. He would not be perfect. God has full knowledge of all aspects of His creation. He supplies. Time is like a parade that human beings see only a segment at a time. present and future are known equally to Him (2Pet. Also. when man is sinning God is there. what we know of God can be known with certainty.God is Holiness – God’s primary characteristic is holiness. Not a part. Therefore. God cannot lie.His knowledge is absolute: The attribute of God by which God perfectly and eternally knows all things which can be known. This.1. He does not change. For example. And what He demands. He has total power and control over His creation:. We need to be sure that our attitudes are congruent with our actions because God knows when we are doing things for the wrong reasons or motives. doesn't need to be told what to do. He. MORAL / SECONDARY ATTRIBUTES / CHARACTERISTICS OF GOD : 1. 6. and future. otherwise. to sin. 2. or to do something absurd or self-contradictory. The attribute of God that describes his ability to do whatever He wills. Thus. we need to devote ourselves to study everything that has been written about Him so that we can get to know Him like He wants us to and begin to live our lives in a way that pleases Him.GOD IS OMNISCIENT (All-Knowing). God exists independent of His creation -. Just as He cannot sin. love is something that cannot be forced. God knows how best to attain His desired ends. past. Being holy God demands holiness in His own children.6:1-3). There is no place where man can go to hide from God. The word ‘holy’ comes from a root word that means. If a child is doing something a parent has told him not to do. On the other hand He tells us what to do and how to live in a manner pleasing to Him. Just because no man is around to see us do wrong doesn't mean nobody saw it happen .GOD IS OMNIPRESENT. Past.
. God is there. since he cannot be seen. This means that if God says something will happen. God is not controlled by His power. GOD IS OMNIPOTENT –(All-Powerful): Omnipotent refers to all-powerful. unlike ourselves. Just because He can't be seen by the human eye doesn't mean He is not there and therefore should be ignored.11:12).God did God knows our intentions in the things we do. He knows the number of hairs on each head. His creation demonstrates His existence. He knows the heart and thoughts of every man. He has voluntarily limited Himself by the free will of His rational creatures. demonstrates that man cannot hide from God because God knows all things. but God Himself remains unchanged (Heb. Holiness is God’s gift that we receive by faith through His Son Jesus Christ. but the whole of God is present in every place 3. “To separate” . 4. like omnipresence.God is a non-material personal being. II. 5. Does this mean that God can do anything? No. otherwise He would not be a free being. such as to ignore sin. but has complete control over it.GOD IS CHANGELESS – Progress and change may characterize some of His works.3:8).(Isa.(Everywhere): Omnipresence refers to God's ability to be fully present everywhere at all times. God's will is limited by His nature.Holiness refers to God’s moral excellence. GOD IS SPIRIT . God cannot do something that violates His nature. To a certain extent. God is someone we can get to know. nor can God force one of His creatures to love Him since.
comforter. the deeper our understanding of Him. From him the whole body.Life is the vital principle. human lives. unchangeable purity. and Christ His divine wisdom is revealed. who God is. that is. provider. rude. Instead. redemption. "righteousness. Christ. we will in all things grow up into him who is the Head. 14:6).Healing the sick
CHRIST – LIKE LIVING God's desire for all who know Him is for us to become more like Christ.God is unique. We do this by first growing in our knowledge of Christ. and protection. (John 4:24. for the best purpose.
Unit -III • Christ –like living : Anointed life .11:33). making him a living soul God has absolute life in Him and is the source of all life. which God imparted to man. proud. trusting. Among other reasons. be on your guard so that you may not be carried away by the error of lawless men
. they are wrong. Since God is life anything other than God is death. selfseeking. God Himself will not violate any of His laws. 5.Because who God is defines the guidelines of morality and universal law. they are "right. 6. The Apostle Paul reiterates this truth in Ephesians 4:14-16: "Then we will no longer be infants. or breath of life.God is Life .God is Love . (1John 4:8. When God's creation "agrees" with who He is and follows His ways. in the best way. When His people pray to Him. boastful. (Ps. determines what is right." However. Because morality is defined by who God is. Justice . When he says about what will happen will actually take place. 136:5. and blown here and there by every wind of teaching and by the cunning and craftiness of men in their deceitful scheming.The very nature of God is God is love. dear friends. The secondary attributes of God also include that God is compassionate. we are to know and understand Christ so that we will be secure in the faith.God is Truth – the concept of truth is derived from the character of God and is the exact opposite of the concept of lying. He is able to hear them and He does answer them. hoping and persevering." hence the word.92:5. God is unchangeable. It is impossible for God to lie. joined and held together by every supporting ligament." This fact is repeated once more in 2 Peter 3:17-18: "Therefore. easily angered. speaking the truth in love.Delivering the oppressed . friend in times of need. Neither the "person" of God nor morality can be separated from the other. father. 3. He can give life to those who seek Him. the person of God is also defined by His morality. because He is uncreated). Righteousness & Justice . guide. since you already know this. because it would mean He would have to change who He is. history. Therefore. kindness. what is wrong. It stands to reason that we cannot grow to be like someone we don’t know. as each part does its work.God is Wisdom – God’s wisdom is revealed in His doing the best thing. grows and builds itself up in love. at the best time. Rom.2.16) 4. The deeper our knowledge of Christ. when God's creation chooses to disagree with who He is. Love includes patience. God can think and act to protect His people. and the more like Him we become. Love is not envious. They are the same substance. (God cannot contradict Himself in this manner. tossed back and forth by the waves. and again by default. In creation.
The knowledge we gain from God’s Word must impact our hearts and convict us of the need to obey what we have learned.
Spirit filled Living : Fasting . It is important to realize that becoming more like Christ starts by receiving Him as Savior from our sins.Knowing God’s will – Spiritual Maturity
SPIRIT FILLED LIVING : At conversion the believer receives the justified life. Romans. And the Holy Spirit indwells in him. But grow in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.and fall from your secure position. For whoever wants to save his life will lose it. Just as John the Baptist knew that “[Jesus] must increase. pleasing and perfect will.6:19 . Luke. bedroom or store room. Luke sums it up best when he describes what Jesus told His disciples: "If anyone would come after me." These passages show us that growing in the knowledge of Christ will preserve us from faith-destroying error. I urge you. Then we grow in our knowledge of God by reading the Bible daily. To him be glory both now and forever! Amen. The cross was an instrument of death. but whoever loses his life for me will save it" (Luke 9:23-24). Then you will be able to test and approve what God's will is—his good. to offer your bodies as living sacrifices. but I must decrease” (John 3:30).11:13 we are taught here to pray for the filling of the spirit. wherein is excess. knowledge alone will not produce a Christlike character. Of course. At conversion the believer is complete in Christ but generally does not enter into the fullness of his spiritual inheritance until much later. 20 ). but be filled with the Holy Spirit. Romans 12:1-2 tells us emphatically that the process of filling our minds with the knowledge of God not only brings us closer to Christlikeness. This is followed by a consecrated life when we acknowledge the Lord’s ownership of our lives (ICor. Ephesians. so the Christian grows to reflect more of Christ and less of his own nature. But we cannot live in a vacuum. but be transformed by the renewing of your mind. Jesus is the living Word (John 1:1). As we yield the control of our lives He fills us more and more with Himself. The Spirit may reside but not preside. studying it. This process causes us to grow and occurs over an entire lifetime in Christ. This is followed by the emptied life when we cast aside evil and selfishness. in view of God's mercy. he must deny himself and take up his cross daily and follow me. By the fact of conversion every believer possesses the Holy Spirit. conforming to the Word of God is conforming to Christ. Therefore. At the altar of consecration we yield ourlives and our wills to the Lord (Matt. and being obedient to what it says.26:39). and the Bible is God's written Word. Illustration of the occupancy of a house – The Holy Spirit may be kept as a guest in the par lour but never given control of the kitchen. while we become less and less as we yield control of our lives to Him. brothers. Our lives must be filled with the Holy Spirit.” This is a very strong New Testament command. be simply a resident and not the president.
. but obedience to that knowledge aligns us with the perfect will of God: "Therefore.5:18. “And be not drunk with wine. and Jesus encourages us to take up our cross in order to put to death our old sin nature upon it. God wants us to forget about this world and all its temporary pleasures and be obedient to His Word. Only when we have entered Heaven for eternity with God does this process reach its culmination. holy and pleasing to God—this is your spiritual act of worship. He is made righteous.8:16." The natural consequence of knowing and obeying God is that He becomes greater and greater. Do not conform any longer to the pattern of this world.
Egypt is refreshed. fathers. mothers.7:38. Let the filling be constant and continues. completely directed by another power. 5:18 is not an optional command.” 3.” Psalm 66:18. To do the work of the Lord in the energy of the flesh can only lead to disappointment and failure.” The picture in Eph. IV. The filling must be individually received. III. The Apostle Peter was filled with the Spirit in Acts. Egypt always has the Nile but Egypt waits each year for its overflow. warm our affections purge our consciences or energize our wills until we surrender to Him and keep surrendered.D.The crowning act of faith is for the believer to abdicate his life to the Spirit. but it is necessary to be Spirit-filled. Gordon in The Ministry of the Spirit says.2:4. “ If any man thirst…” also Isaiah 44:3
. and again in Acts 4:8. Each day needs its own new fullness. Everyone Needs the Filling of the Spirit Every believer in Jesus Christ needs the filling of the Holy Spirit. The infilling is received when the believer consciously recognizes the Holy Spirit as a being in full control of his life. and you shall receive the Holy Spirit. Men are saved and filled individually. John. the Holy Spirit cannot live with sin.39. completely governing every detail of life. are an effective means in the Lord’s hands to convict and convince sinners. The filling is for Apostles.Forgiveness of Sins: Acts 2:38. God has sent forth the Spirit of His Son into your hearts. When the Nile overflows. Let us know the overflowing Spirit. We cannot be effective witnesses if we are not Spirit-filled. Spirit-filled believers. This is not necessary for salvation. Having the Nile is one thing.5:18 is a contrast between a man under the influence. Ephe. 2. “Be God-intoxicated men !. Without it we cannot attain to the Lord’s will for us regarding character and service.Son ship: Galatians 4:6.Desire: John 7:37-39. The original Greek language is in the imperative progressive – keep on being filled. Saintly S. The filling of the Spirit is an individual blessing. either wine (earthly) or the Spirit. The Spirit cannot illuminate our minds. Conditions of Filling by the Holy Spirit 1. We each need it for our own benefit in order to be the best possible Christian. (heavenly). You must personally do business with God. I. The world expects every Christian to be almost perfect. young people and laborers. but having the overflowing Nile is quite another. preachers. To live up to the world’s imaginary standard every believer desperately need the Spirit’s filling. The World Expects Believers to be Spirit-filled Our Christian walk is twofold: 1) God-ward and 2) Outward to fellowmen. “Repent and be baptized …for the remission of sins. II. living the crucified life in relation to the world. Filling is a Command to be Obeyed
Is this wonderful experience a luxury for a few people like Apostles and Stephen ? It ought to be the experience of every believer. and again in Acts 4:31.”Because you are sons.
Jesus fasted for 40 days and 40 nights before His temptation by Satan (Matthew 4:2). Blessings must pour out.What the Bible Says The Old Testament law specifically required prayer and fasting for only one occasion. Conversion / Repentance first. Results of Being Spirit-filled 1. V. You can pray without fasting. provision. Prayer and fasting often go hand in hand. 6.Waiting: Luke 24:49. The filling is the secret of abiding. It must be repeated daily. Anna "worshipped night and day. Prayer and Fasting . 2. This custom became known as "the day of fasting" (Jeremiah 36:6) or "the Fast" (Acts 27:9). the Spirit given to those who believe. fasting and praying" at the Temple (Luke 2:37). and fast without prayer. Also Acts 4:31.Power to live victorious Christian life. Moses fasted during the 40 days and 40 nights he was on Mount Sinai receiving the law from God (Exodus 34:28). 8. Rather.” Be unhurried. Darius. We are not reservoirs but channels.Glory will certainly accrue to the Lord.Faith: John 7:39. but this is not always the case. Prayer and fasting also occurs in the New Testament. Having a dedicated time of prayer and fasting is not a way of manipulating God into doing what you desire.Power to witness is one mighty manifestation of a Spirit-filled saint. will and personality. The church of Antioch fasted
. Nehemiah had a time of prayer and fasting upon learning that Jerusalem was still in ruins (Nehemiah 1:4). It is when these two activities are combined and dedicated to God's glory that they reach their full effectiveness.Prayer: Luke 11:13. In response to Jonah's preaching. David fasted when he learned that Saul and Jonathan had been killed (2 Samuel 1:12). Luke 11:9. Prayer and fasting was often done in times of distress or trouble. “wait for the promise of the Father.A Definition Fasting is defined as voluntarily going without food in order to focus on prayer and fellowship with God.Ask and receive. the Spirit’s basic ministry The infilling of the Spirit is the indispensable qualification for all holy living. The Holy Spirit given to those who ask Him.14.Abstaining from food for the purpose of focusing on God. it is simply forcing yourself to focus and rely on God for the strength.Appropriate the Truth: John 1:12.
Fasting . then filling and overflowing. We must overflow. 3. Galatians 3:13. and wisdom you need. affections. conscience. obeying and God-honoring trust in the Word. Acts 1:4.Obedience: Acts 5:32 He gives the Holy Spirit to those who obey Him.10. King Jehoshaphat called for a fast in all Israel when they were about to be attacked by the Moabites and Ammonites (2 Chronicles 20:3). which was the Day of Atonement. 5.
Fasting . the men of Nineveh fasted and put on sackcloth (Jonah 3:5). John the Baptist taught his disciples to fast (Mark 2:18).4. Acts 20:22-24. The Holy Spirit quickens the intellect. fasted all night after he was forced to put Daniel in the den of lions (Daniel 6:18). the king of Persia. Take the gift of the filling and live and act as if the transaction were real and genuine. This is beautifully pictured in Bible pictures of the working of the Holy Spirit. Remember the filling is not a once-for-all experience. 7. John 16:14.
. While Jesus. ‘But now if you have a purse. Prayer and Fasting ." Biblical Fasting . Fasting is not a method of punishing our bodies and it is not be used as a "dieting method" either. sell your cloak and buy one’” (Luke 22:35-36). Jesus was teaching that after His departure. 1 John 5:14-15 tells us.we know that we have what we asked of him. the purpose of Christian fasting should be to take our eyes off the things of this world and focus our thoughts on God. who is unseen. He instructed them to take few provisions. His followers enjoyed a close fellowship and friendship with Him. James 1:5 tells us. do not look somber as the hypocrites do. God only promises to answer our prayers when we ask according to His will. but only to your Father. At the same time. Jesus bestowed power and authority on them to the extent that they had limited power to preach. he hears us. while He was on earth. Fasting was to be a vital part of this new preparation. How can you know if you are praying and fasting according to God's will? Are you praying and fasting for things that honor and glorify God? Does the Bible clearly reveal that it is God's will for you? If we are asking for something that is not honoring to God or not God's will for our lives. he should ask God. bag or sandals. will reward you. who was God manifested in human form. was futile (Isaiah 58:5-9).Is fasting necessary for today’s Christian church? Biblical fasting is a spiritual discipline which was encouraged by Jesus. without the proper heart attitude. and cast out devils. when Jesus sent them out to minister to the populace.Required or Recommended? The Word of God does not specifically command believers to spend time in prayer and fasting. heal the sick.’ they answered." In the prophet Isaiah's time. When questioned as to why the Pharisees and the disciples of John the Baptist fasted while Jesus disciples did not. who has blessed us in the heavenly realms with every spiritual blessing in Christ” (Ephesians 1:3). How can we know God's will? God promises to give us wisdom when we ask. Matthew 6:16-18 declares. By taking our eyes off the things of this world through prayer and biblical fasting. But when you fast.What Does it Accomplish? Spending time in prayer and fasting is not automatically effective in accomplishing the desires of those who fast. take it. yet God did not answer in the way they wanted (Isaiah 58:3-4). the people grumbled that they had fasted. He said to them. put oil on your head and wash your face. and also a bag. was still on earth. “Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. Himself. Instead. Isaiah responded by proclaiming that the external show of fasting and prayer. And if we know that he hears us . "When you fast. then they will fast” (Matthew 9:15)." Prayer and Fasting . Similarly. and it will be given to him. “Then Jesus asked them. who gives generously to all without finding fault. Jesus was indicating that fasting would become a necessity when. Fasting or no fasting. and if you don't have a sword. though. Paul and Barnabas spent time in prayer and fasting for the appointment of elders in the churches (Acts 14:23). who sees what is done in secret. did you lack anything?’ ‘Nothing. so that it will not be obvious to men that you are fasting. the focus of prayer and fasting is on abstaining from food. We are not to spend time in prayer and fasting in order to lose weight. for they disfigure their faces to show men they are fasting. whether we fast or not. Fasting should always be limited to a set time because not eating for extended periods can be damaging to the body.(Acts 13:2) and sent Paul and Barnabas off on their first missionary journey (Acts 13:3). The new covenant is based on the truth that we have received everything in Christ. and your Father. they have received their reward in full. we can focus better on Christ. prayer and fasting is definitely something we should be doing. I tell you the truth. but rather to gain a deeper fellowship with God. the entire dynamic would change and the disciples would need a different type of preparation and provision. "This is the confidence we have in approaching God: that if we ask anything according to his will. Far too often. God will not give what we ask for. "How can the guests of the bridegroom mourn while he is with them? The time will come when the bridegroom will be taken from them. the bridegroom (Jesus) was taken away. "If any of you lacks wisdom. Jesus answered.whatever we ask . ‘When I sent you without purse.
While this verse applies to our eternal destiny. the Holy Spirit said. fasting exemplifies our attitude of spiritual hunger -. . three days. yet inwardly we are being renewed day by day” (2 Corinthians 4:16). One of the most pressing reasons for Christian fasting may be revival -. “While they were worshiping the Lord and fasting.’ So after they had fasted and prayed. Wicked kings. destined for destruction. As individuals we are strengthened and renewed. . will reward you” (Matthew 6:17-18). Their decisions were made through fasting and prayer. Fasting should have an object in mind.Is there a proper method to fasting? Biblical fasting. so that it will not be obvious to men that you are fasting. Moses waited upon God forty days and received the divine revelation of God’s commandments. Christians should also employ the humbling discipline of fasting. God gave them instructions and directions. Fasting must also be done in an attitude of humility.the promise is that we will be satisfied. it is directed towards God. and more. The entire nation of Nineveh. When we fast. put oil on your head and wash your face.Though outwardly we are wasting away. for they will be filled” (Matthew 5:6).
KNOWING GOD’S WILL
. “But when you fast.and God spared them (Jonah 3:10). ‘Set apart for me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them. as we humble and deprive our bodies through fasting. The prophet Isaiah received from the Lord the acceptable motives for our fasts: “Is not this the kind of fasting I have chosen: to loose the chains of injustice and untie the cords of the yoke. fasted upon hearing the pronouncement of judgment from the prophet Jonah -. to set the oppressed free and break every yoke? Is it not to share your food with the hungry and to provide the poor wanderer with shelter -. Fasts may last for varying lengths of time -. therefore our hearts and minds must be totally focused and directed towards God so that He may be the full source of our strength during our period of fasting. including animals. “Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness. and your Father. As we decrease. we should have a clear idea of the need and purpose. received mercy from humbling themselves and fasting (1 Kings 21:29).” (Psalm 85:6). Jesus received divine preparation for His earthly ministry while fasting and enduring temptation. who sees what is done in secret. We should prayerfully seek the Lord about the length of our fast.What are the benefits of Christian fasting? Biblical fasting brings us into a closer union with God. our Lord Jesus Christ. We should fast in order to further the building up of God’s kingdom by seeking to minister to others. Biblical Fasting . The body requires food for sustenance. In addition to all these spiritual practices. In addition to our attitudes towards God and our stance before man. but only to your Father. our spiritual man is made stronger and our senses more acute. seven days. unlike fasting for medical or health reasons. and the study of God’s Word. While we await the return of the bridegroom. . It is not necessary for others to know we are fasting. . He has promised in return to draw near to us. who is unseen. This is a spiritual certainty. we cooperate with the Spirit in the working out of our salvation with much prayer. to clothe him. Biblical Fasting .one day. the Spirit increases. our motives must also be correct. must be done with an attitude of seriousness and sincerity.“Will you not revive us again. This principle served the apostles well during the early church days. meditation. While our bodies are being deprived for the purpose of drawing near to God.Nevertheless. they placed their hands on them and sent them off” (Acts 13:2-3). “. we willingly deprive the body of nourishment and the pleasurable taste of food. the principle applies to our daily sojourn. and not to turn away from your own flesh and blood?” (Isaiah 58:6-7).when you see the naked.
God has ordained certain specific tasks.32:8 2. Romans. needs. I.Spiritual Mindedness. Isaiah 58:11 4. God’s plan is definite and specific. acceptable and perfect for that particular believer.Commit your way to the Lord.37:3.2 – Your mind in tune with the Lord. His Book. Jesus actually finished the work that the Father gave him to do on earth John 17:4. 1. Jesus Christ came to earth to fulfill God’s will. Rom. to hear His still.37:4 – Be eager. 7.Psalm. III.
.Delight yourself also in the Lord. 6.10:7.10:23. Isaiah 30:21 The Lord guides by His Spirit/ Word 5. 3. Psalm 37:23. 2. 32:8 Guidance is only for the believer.God’s plan is continuous. We must bw willing to obey His will.Psalm. God has a Plan for Every Life
There is a divine blueprint for each one of God’s people. The problem that faces every Christian is how to ascertain the will of God. Rom.Trust in the Lord . 1. willing to know His will and obey 4. Rom.Surrender to the will of God. Conditions of Guidance 1.Rest in the Lord and wait patiently for Him. 4:3.2. Methods of Guidance How does God reveal His will to the seeking individual ? The truth is that God is sovereign and does not work according to a set pattern. Caution: Don’t close your eyes and point at a random verse.37:5 – Have complete. 12:1).12:1.37:7. 2:10) .The will of God is always good.God’s plan for you is very personal. This plan is suited to our personalities. It is your responsibility to learn from the Lord the plan for our lives.12:2 Note: It is a sad fact that it is possible to miss the plan of God in our selfish and stubborn ways to do our own planning. so similarly. We are incapable of planning our own lives.. potentials and environment (Eph.12:2. for He deals with each person differently. explicit faith in Him.God’s plan is very detailed. Psalm. Hebrews. Psalm 143:8 God wants us to be much in prayer for daily details. Only God knows the future and He is the One capable of choosing our vocation or path. As Jesus was assigned a specific task to perform on earth. His Spirit. small voice. 5. The life of Jesus Christ on earth is a perfect illustration of absolute conformity to the will of God. talents. Psalm. 6. God wants us to enquire about His plan. works for each individual Christian (Heb.The Christian is one who has renounced his own will and submits to the will of God for his life in all that he does (Goodman). God does not act haphazardly.Seperation from the world and all known sin – I Thes.Psalm.God often guides through verses of scripture that speak loudly to you. Jeremiah. II.12. each Christian is assigned a special task. 3. It is just for you.
That is dying to self. Obey the light that God has already given you and then He will give you further light. Each item is planned by the Father. your advice disregarded. right or wrong.Circumstances. how do we truly present ourselves to God as a living sacrifice? In a nutshell." The Apostle Paul helps us understand this truth in his letter to the believers in Rome: I beseech you therefore.16:9.A Biblical Truth As Christians.Dying to Self So. Don’t say in a rainy season. And do not be conformed to this world. When your good is evil spoken of. God may close one door and open another. Gideon prayed that if certain things happened this way or that.8:16 – that certain course of action is good. neglected. Wait patiently on Him and he will reveal them day by day. when your wishes are crossed.Inner conviction that is given by the Spirit of God. or purposely set at naught. So. we're called to give ourselves to God as a "living sacrifice. acceptable to God. This concept is wonderfully presented in this anonymous poem… When you are forgotten. SPIRITUAL MATURITY Living Sacrifice .By putting out a fleece.when you really want to go to town very badly ! Hence. God’s will is never contrary to the Bible. Acts. by the mercies of God. but be transformed by the renewing of your mind. which is your reasonable service. your opinion ridiculed.Saturate yourself with the Word of God that the Lord can bring various portions to your mind. Often guidance is a combination of several factors. “If it rains tomorrow I will go to town” . we must die to our prior selves. but take it all in patient.10 5. You only need light for one step at a time. but your heart is happy being counted worthy to suffer for Christ. then the Lord’s will would be accordingly. that you present your bodies a living sacrifice.6:37-39. Judges. loving silence. Know the Word ! 2. Caution: Be careful and do not arrange the conditioning circumstances in such a way that our own will would almost inevitably win. holy. Nothing happens to the child of God by accident.
. that you may prove what is that good and acceptable and perfect will of God. That is dying to self. Rom. brethren. Remember that God wants to give you both the master plan and minute details of your life. 4. (Romans 12:1-2) Living Sacrifice . and you don't sting or hurt with the oversight.God sometimes guides by a vision. and you refuse to let anger rise in your heart or even defend yourself. Caution: Is it the voice of my own desires or is it what God wants me to do ? 3.
so that you may overflow with hope by the power of the Holy Spirit" (Romans 15:13). peace. joy. longsuffering. goodness. any annoyance. In order to mature as believers. extravagance. when you can stand face to face with waste. the author and perfecter of our faith."The joy of the Lord is your strength" (Nehemiah 8:10). we should study and understand the attributes of the ninefold fruit: Love . Whoever lives in love lives in God. and endure it as Jesus did. since we have been justified through faith. with longsuffering. according to his glorious power."And so we know and rely on the love God has for us. It is not rude. any climate. any raiment. inwardly as well as outwardly."Therefore. folly. always perseveres. God is love. these are the fruits that all Christians should be producing in their new lives with Jesus Christ. Love never fails" (1 Corinthians 13:4-8). scorning its shame. love is kind. it does not boast.
. Longsuffering (patience) -. these attributes are: love.We are "strengthened with all might. it keeps no record of wrongs. "May the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace as you trust in him. That is dying to self. it is not self-seeking. while your own needs are far greater and you are in desperate circumstances. nor question God. It always protects. finding no rebellion or resentment rising up within your heart. meekness and temperance.When you lovingly and patiently bear any disorder. the fruit of the Spirit is one ninefold "fruit" that characterizes all who truly walk in the Holy Spirit. any solitude. Peace . forbearing one another in love" (Ephesians 4:2). When you can receive correction and reproof from one of less stature than yourself and can humbly submit. always trusts. It does not envy. any interruption by the will of God. any society. when you can truly love to be unknown. Rather. That is dying to self.Visible Growth in Jesus Christ "Fruit of the Spirit" is a biblical term that sums up the nine visible attributes of a true Christian life. and can honestly rejoice with him in spirit and feel no envy. When you never care to refer to yourself in conversation or record your own good works or itch after commendation. Joy . Fruit of the Spirit . unto all patience and longsuffering with joyfulness" (Colossians 1:11). When you are content with any food. Using the King James Version of Galatians 5:22-23. That is dying to self. "Let us fix our eyes on Jesus. Love does not delight in evil but rejoices with the truth. "Love is patient. it is not proud. "With all lowliness and meekness. That is dying to self. gentleness. Fruit of the Spirit . we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ" (Romans 5:1). That is dying to self. and offering. always hopes. any irregularity. it is not easily angered.The Nine Biblical Attributes The fruit of the Spirit is a physical manifestation of a Christian's transformed life. our greatest goal is to do all things in love. spiritual insensibility. We learn from scripture that these are not individual "fruits" from which we pick and choose. faith. Collectively. who for the joy set before him endured the cross. and sat down at the right hand of the throne of God" (Hebrews 12:2). Through Jesus Christ. When you can see your brother prosper and have his needs met. and God in him" (1 John 4:16).
A Devotional for All Christians The fruit of the Spirit is a wonderful study for Christians at any level of spiritual maturity. I will exalt thee. and to brotherly kindness love" (2 Peter 1:5-7). Temperance (self-control) . We hope this website provides a thought-provoking devotional and a springboard for growth
• Beatitudes : Kingdom Values – Sermon on the Mount
What are the Beatitudes?
This section begins with the setting for the sermon on the mount. "For the fruit of the Spirit is in all goodness and righteousness and truth" (Ephesians 5:9). so that Christ may dwell in your hearts through faith" (Ephesians 3:16-17). likewise at the beginning of asermon. thou art my God.Gentleness (kindness) -. to perseverance godliness. lest thou also be tempted" (Galatians 6:1)."Wherefore also we pray always for you. Goodness . and running parallel to Matthew 5-7. Matthew (5:3-10). giving all diligence. Meekness . The word "beatitude" is derived from the Latin "beatus. ye which are spiritual. "I pray that out of his glorious riches he may strengthen you with power through his Spirit in your inner being. and the work of faith with power" (2 Thessalonians 1:11). understanding. to godliness brotherly kindness. Fruit of the Spirit . restore such an one in the spirit of meekness. if a man be overtaken in a fault. I will praise thy name. "With all lowliness and meekness."Brethren. with longsuffering." which means blessed or happy. patience and kindness."
The Eight Beatitudes
The solemn blessings (beatitudines. add to your faith virtue.We should live "in purity. in truthful speech and in the power of God. to virtue knowledge."But also for this very reason. the very first of Our Lord's sermons in the Gospel of St. Luke (6:22). This designation is appropriate because each teaching begins with the word "blessed. Faith (faithfulness) . that our God would count you worthy of this calling. with weapons of righteousness in the right hand and in the left" (2 Corinthians 6:6-7)."O Lord. forbearing one another in love" (Ephesians 4:2). to knowledge self-control. if not another
. and fulfill all the good pleasure of his goodness. followed by the beatitudes. in the Holy Spirit and in sincere love. to self-control perseverance. Four of them occur again in a slightly different form in the Gospel of St. thy counsels of old are faithfulness and truth" (Isaiah 25:1). considering thyself. benedictiones) which mark the opening of the Sermon on the Mount. for thou hast done wonderful things.
and unless. which is the most striking feature of Biblical poetry. The anawim. Matthew runs as follows: • • • • • • • • Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. the "poor in spirit".
Inasmuch as poverty is a state of humble subjection.the paramountidea of the Beatitudes -. while meek is rather a synonym from the same root. shall "inherit the land" and possess their inheritance in peace. even though at present they be actually rich and happy. come near to the "meek". understand "the earth".the parallelism of thought and expression. bending oneself down. the spiritual realm of the Messiah. by a far-
. Some scholars would attach to the former word also the sense of humility. in sharp contrast with Jewish prejudices. gentle. but may comprehend the whole of the painful condition of the poor: their low estate. The text of St. where it refers to the Promised Land of Israel. the promise of the heavenly kingdom is not bestowed on the actual external condition of such poverty. Besides the Lord's blessing.version of the same. ought not to be confined to economical need and distress. The very peculiar form in which Our Lord proposed His blessings make them. humble. which. (Verse 10)
The word poor seems to represent an Aramaic 'ányâ (Hebrew 'anî). (Verse 3) Blessed are the meek: for they shall possess the land. however. (Verse 6) Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy. The fuller account and the more prominent place given the Beatitudes in St. But they overlook the original meaning of Psalm 36:11. being unmistakably clear. while on the other hand. miserable. But the opposition of "rich" (Luke 6:24) points especially to the common and obvious meaning. in which the spiritual character of the Messianic kingdom -. bent down. their social dependence. (Verse 7) Blessed are the clean of heart: for they shall see God. 'ánwan (Hebrew 'ánaw). perhaps. (Verse 9) Blessed are they that suffer persecution for justice' sake. The blessed ones are the poor "in spirit". (Verse 8) Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called the children of God. it is of course but a symbol of the Kingdom of Heaven.is consistently put forward. the only example of His sayings that may be styled poetical -. Not a few interpreters. for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. poor. who by their free will are ready to bear for God's sake this painful and humble condition. Matthew are quite in accordance with the scope and the tendency of the First Gospel. the really poor man may fall short of this poverty "in spirit". however. meek. they who humbly and meekly bend themselves down before God and man. This is a phrase taken from Psalm 36:11. the subject of the second blessing. And here they are illustrated by the opposition of the four curses (2426). but here in the words of Christ. their defenceless exposure toinjustice from the rich and the mighty. others think of "beggars before God" humbly acknowledging their need of Divine help. (Verse 4) Blessed are they who mourn: for they shall be comforted. afflicted. (Verse 5) Blessed are they that hunger and thirst after justice: for they shall have their fill.
At least the proper place of such a blessing does not seem to be between mercy (verse 7) and peacemaking (verse 9). Consoler. nor even. Job 33:3. "cleanness of heart" (verse 8) cannot exclusively be found in interior chastity. in this life and in the final judgment.
From this interior desire a further step should be taken to acting to the works of "mercy". Psalms 23:4 (24:4) and 72:1 (73:1). promised to this continuous looking for God's glory. 16-18. it will be hard to explain the possession of the earth in a satisfactory way. 1 Timothy 1:5. First of all.
. and most of all the tremendous might of evil throughout the world. should consist of thesupernatural "seeing" of God Himself. which are the veryblessings of verse 3.fetched expedient. abjection. purity required by the Scribes and Pharisees. and subjection. But frequently in the Old and New Testaments (Genesis 20:5. Even the later Jews knew the Messiah by the name of Menahhem. 14) This "single eye" or "pure heart" is most of all required in the works of mercy (verse 7) and zeal (verse 9) in behalf of one's neighbor. in a genral purity of conscience. and thus opposed to the unavowed by-ends of the Pharisees (Matthew 6:1-6. however. the reward of which will be the very fulfilment of the desire. 23:5-7.2 Timothy 2:22) the "pure heart" is the simple and sincere good intention. abjection. demand a more active behaviour. the "single eye" of Matthew 6:22.
According to biblical terminology. as opposed to the Levitical. the last aim and end of the heavenly kingdom in its completion. as many scholars propose. Through these the merciful will obtain the Divine mercy of the Messianic kingdom. the continuous growth in holiness. To such mourners the Lord Jesus carries the comfort of the heavenly kingdom. of this simple word of the Divine Teacher. nor after the apparently more far-reaching virtue of hunger and thirst after justice. poverty. "hunger and thirst" after justice: a strong and continuous desire of progress in religious and moral perfection. and the Eighth Beatitude (verse 10) leads us back again to the teaching. "the consolation of Israel" (Luke 2:25) foretold by the prophets. Motives of mourning are not to be drawn from the miseries of a life of poverty. not to say the creative power. These threeblessings. and subjection are a commendation of what nowadays are called the passive virtues:abstinence and endurace. or legal. The wonderful fertility of the Church in works and institutions of corporal and spiritual mercy of every kind shows theprophetical sense. And it stands to reason that the blessing.
The "mourning" in the Third Beatitude is in Luke (6:25) opposed to laughter and similar frivolous worldly joy. and especially by the Book of Consolation of Isaias (11-16). corporal and spiritual. they take the earth also to be a symbol of theMessianic kingdom. but rather from those miseries from which the pious man is suffering in himself and in others. 7:15.
The pious.. or gains political prominence. and to restore it when it has been disturbed. From almost every aspect. The man who amasses wealth. As Christ said. the same possession of the Messianic salvation. I. Regarding wealth –“a man’s life does NOT consist of the abundance of the things he possesses. “What is a man profited. For its depth and breadth of thought. the passage may be put on a level with the Decalogue in the Old. in partial images of the one endless beatitude.these are considered “successful” in life. DEFINING SUCCESS: Most men find a high correlation between earthly achievement and “success”. "for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.The "peacemakers" (verse 9) are those who not only live in peace with others but moreover do their best to preserve peace and friendship among mankind and between God and man. and it surpassed both in its poetical beauty of structure.. and the Lord's Prayer in the New Testament. Gregory of Nyssa styles it. here and hereafter. the “kingdom of God” is also unique in its sense of values. by an inclusion.. "an imitating of God's love of man" as St.” Lk 12:15
. the last blessing goes back to the first and the second. God expresses value in things which are overlooked or treated lightly by common men. not uncommon in biblical poetry.
When after all this the pious disciples of Christ are repaid with ingratitude and even "persecution" (verse 10) it will be but a new blessing. though such would indicate the reaching of some earthly goal. whose sentiments and desires whose works and sufferings are held up before us. Defining “kingdom values” takes us into many unlikely areas. if he shall gain the whole world. And viewed in the intermediate verses seem to express. or–more benevolently– discovers a miracle cure for a dread disease. and its practical bearing on Christian life. "children of your Father who is in heaven" (Matthew 5:45). one could have any or all of these things and still be a failure. and lose his own soul? Or. shall be blessed and happy by their share in the Messianic kingdom. The eight conditions required constitute the fundamental law of the kingdom. that they shall be called the sons of God. what shall a man give in exchange for his soul?”–Matt 16:26 a.
As with other areas. the very pith and marrow of Christian perfection. It is on account of this godly work." So. But.
” Mt 6:19 More important than gaining earthly wealth is insuring the value of earthly things by using them to “build an account” in heaven. “And when Jesus saw that he was very sorrowful. whether present or absent. For it is easier for a camel to go through a needle’s eye.In
. then the greatest of earthly achievements cannot approach the simple process of conversion... and that it is designed to bring about the eternal preservation of His “people”. is “success” as viewed by “kingdom people”? It is well expressed by Paul.. I should not be the servant of Christ. For we brought nothing into this world. and where thieves break through and steal...for we know that if our earthly house of this tabernacle be dissolved. For our light affliction. than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God. cannot be compared to a lowly saint of God who leads another to the truth. when all men shall speak well of you. WE MAY BE ACCEPTED OF HIM. he said.. and it is certain we can carry nothing out.”God is kindly disposed toward those lacking in earthly goods: “Hath not God chosen the poor of this world rich in faith.” 1 Tim 6:6-10 –“Lay not up for yourselves treasures on earth. and the reconciling back to God of one of His own! 2 Cor 4:16-5:1–“For which cause we faint not. that. which is but for a moment.–“Godliness with contentment is great gain. yet the inward man is renewed day by day.. and that which is to come. eternal in the heavens..”–Lk 6:26 C. But they that will be rich fall into temptation and a snare.. 43 –“For do I yet persuade men. How hardly shall they that have riches enter into the kingdom of God..” The word “labor” is from a complex Greek term which literally means “ambition”.. a house not made with hands. 25 B. who benefited mankind greatly in the discovery of a polio vaccine. 1 Tim 4:8–“For bodily exercise profiteth little.. Regarding popularity–(being “elected” almost demands a spirit of compromise. having promise of the life that now is.. and heirs of the kingdom which he hath promised to them that love him?” Jas 2:5. And having food and raiment let us be therewith content. For they loved the praise of men more than the praise of God. the greatest of benefits to one’s physical self does not compare to what can benefit the soul..” What then.) –“Nevertheless among the chief rulers also many believed on him. or God? Or do I seek to please men? For if I yet pleased men. but because of the Pharisees they did not confess him. But lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven.for the love of money is the root of all evil. and saves an eternal soul! If we maintain our view that the “kingdom of God” was the centerpiece of God’s purpose. but godliness is profitable unto all things. we have a building of God.” Jno 12:42.. worketh for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory. lest they should be put out of the synagogue. On the other hand... Regarding earthly good – Helping the body is secondary in comparison to spiritual good. an effort to please at least MOST of the people.” Lk 18:24. He is greatly concerned for the wellbeing of those who are “rich”.” The fact is. in 2 Cor 5:9–“Wherefore we labour. where moth and rust doth corrupt.. but though our outward man perish... Even a man like Jonas Salk.” Gal 1:10 –“Woe unto you.
” (V. that I may win Christ. “For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit. 25 2. the righteousness which is of God by faith: that I may know him. 5-8) In fact. whose God is their belly. it involves a unique view of how to achieve it): “If any man will come after me.). it is important to keep in mind that such can never be allowed to divert us from the more significant “ambition” to please God and go to heaven.Our GOAL in life is to please God. at which point
. human knowledge. and with all thy mind. Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart.” There is no doubt that this is a “life or death” decision (and. and these are contrary the one to the other. EVERY earthly yearning must give way to the overriding devotion one has to God. if by any means I might attain unto the resurrection of the dead.” In Romans 8. while it is not necessarily evil to seek some earthly goal. neither indeed can be. power. but that which is through the faith of Christ. and the power of his resurrection.” Luke adds “with all thy strength” (10:27) In Mark’s account (chap 12). Matt 22:36-39–“Master... being made conformable unto his death. and be found in him. those I counted loss for Christ.” Matt 16:24.. the issue is clearly drawn: “For they that are after the flesh do mind the things of the flesh. Because the carnal mind is enmity against God. For to be carnally minded is death. Yea doubtless. For whosoever will save his life shall lose it: and whosoever will lose his life for my sake shall find it. and whose glory is in their shame. “.. but to be spiritually minded is life and peace. and do count them but dung.. and follow me. etc. resources and effort may make inroads into these things which must be primarily devoted to the greater goal. pleasure. and the Spirit against the flesh. and the fellowship of his sufferings. for it is not subject to the law of God. and hinder us from the main thing. It is devotion to “things” which results in idolatry–“covetousness. DEFINING DEVOTION: There is no question that the intensity of one’s involvement in a thing is determined by the extent of his devotion to that thing.. and with all thy soul.. benevolence.. He said. which is the great commandment in the law? Jesus said unto him.other words the “ambition” of the disciple of Christ is to be “accepted of him”. Such people are described in Phil 3:19 as those “whose end is destruction. not having mine own righteousness. which is of the law. Paul himself is a great example of making the right choice as to such things: After listing the various reasons he might have had for the satisfaction of earthly ambitions. So then they that are in the flesh cannot please God. the scribe who asked the question rightly perceived the truth of Christ’s answer.. and I count all things but loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord: for whom I have suffered the loss of all things.” Gal 5:17 There is NOTHING of an earthly nature which merits an intense desire upon our part which threatens to unseat the One who rightly should reign in our heart. who mind earthly things. Others may aim lower. while omitting the most basic of aims–that of preserving the most precious thing any of us have.but what things were gain to me. to be acceptable to Him. but they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit. the two “minds” are at war with each other. and take up his cross. And. which is idolatry” Col 3:5. The demands of time. and achieve their goal (wealth. let him deny himself. in Phil 3.
they that mourn.. not on things on the earth. soul.... where Christ sitteth on the right hand of God... whereas “peace” and gentleness are produced through the latter.. It is in our nature to take revenge..” There is no discernible limit as to the intensity with which one seeks the things above.they shall obtain mercy” (This is among the more clearly “non-human” attributes needed for true happiness.. To do so is to truly partake of the divine nature.. The conditions of “blessedness” or real happiness as set forth in the Beatitudes is NOT moderate! “Blessed are. and aptly describe the desired stance toward righteousness....... in their daily conduct. and therefore without disputing or resisting.. Those who are merciful are more likely to receive it from others. James says that strife and contention arise from the former.the merciful. The entire mindset of the kingdom citizen is directed toward the achievement of a subjection of self... and between others and God. seek those things which are above...they that hunger and thirst after righteousness. “Hunger” and “thirst” are among the STRONGEST of human desires... they have violated God’s laws.. is to work toward that desired state between us and God..) “Blessed are. to pity the weak.the poor in spirit.theirs is the kingdom of heaven” (One whose mindset makes him willing to accept abuse and even death to be righteous and to uphold righteousness is a “kingdom” character!)
. Loving God with ALL the heart.. James 3.it is closely related to ‘humility’ and ‘gentleness’”) “Blessed are . but one consistent with the nature and demands of the kingdom of God. and an enthroning of God in the seat of authority in one’s life........theirs is the kingdom of heaven..” (Vine says the term “meek” describes an “inwrought grace of the soul..... to take advantage of another’s weakness.. The greatest form of “peace” is that which is obtained with God–the greatest work........” (Those who recognize that..) “Blessed are.which are persecuted for righteousness’ sake.. It is more God-like to feel sympathy for another’s weakness.Christ told him he “was not far from the kingdom of God.) “Blessed are they.. It stipulates those whose interest in “righteousness” far exceeds the trivial. Set your affections on things above.” Col 3:1-3--“If ye then be risen with Christ. therefore. and are driven to feel and express great sorrow in that reality–thus. and entirely dependent upon God) “Blessed are...they shall inherit the earth.the meek.they shall be called the children of God” (In contrasting earthly and heavenly “wisdom”...they shall be comforted.they shall be filled” (These yearnings are self-explanatory. as well... and an agonizing over the failures in life which diminish them) “Blessed are .... mind. the “mourning” demonstrates a concern for true kingdom principles. and strength is a radical idea.” (Those who rightly see themselves as destitute of spiritual resources.it is that temper of spirit in which we accept His dealings with us as good. Only by exhibiting such can we expect God to respond in like manner.the peacemakers. etc.
“. the love of the Father is not in him.. is not of the Father. we strive to retain control of our lives. the sin that followed. the greater our chance to be pleasing to God.they desire a better country. and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth. and from that time forward citizens were encouraged to long for something better. neither the things that are in the world. As Paul said. “Love not the world.10) He does expect us to act independently of worldly influences.. A “kingdom” understanding is that we do not belong here on this earth permanently! In both Old and New Testament periods. John tells us.” 1 Cor 5:9. In commending the saints of old. James reminds us. a) The “world’s” response to those in the kingdom: “If ye were of the world. with its consequences.. not having received the promises.” 2 Cor 10:3-5 Again. and embraced them. and were persuaded of them. or with idolaters.” Jn
. or with the covetous. We must always see a clear distinction between the “world” and the “kingdom”. the lust of the flesh. the world would love his own.” (Jn 18:37) Even while we are restricted to living in this world. doomed the earth to eventual destruction... but is of the world. but mighty through God to the pulling down of strongholds. and the pride of life. “My kingdom is NOT of this world. but having seen them afar off. an heavenly. even before and including Abraham..who gave himself for our sins. DEFINING THE “HOMELAND”: Just as the “kingdom” is not typical in its territory. If any man love the world. and the lust of the eye. for then must ye needs go out of the world. therefore the world hateth you..”Gal 1:4 On a practical level..for God hath prepared for them a city” Heb 11:1315 Though God created a “good” earth (Gen 1:31).friendship with the world is enmity with God. we do not war after the flesh (for the weapons of our warfare are not carnal.) casting down imaginations and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God. It is no longer a suitable “homeland” for the people that God wants to Himself. the Hebrew writer says of them: “these all died in faith. that he might deliver us from this present evil world.. or extortioners. and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ. “though we walk in the flesh.whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God.. that is. Even in the Old Testament..3. the moral standards God set demanded a separation from worldly enticements–and in the New Testament.” 1 Jn 2:15-17. it is also unique in its view of what “home” is. As Christ said.. the less we involve ourselves with this “world”. For all that is in the world.” Jas 4:4 While it is not the intent of God that we be taken out of the world now (“I wrote unto you in an epistle not to company with fornicators: yet not altogether with the fornicators of this world. but I have chosen you out of the world. those who “got it” anticipated something better. but because ye are not of the world. Paul speaks of Christ “. and the lust thereof: but he that doeth the will of God abideth for ever... and submitting to the limitations of the flesh... th lines are clearly drawn. And the world passeth away.
“devotion”. is reserved for the feeling we have for “heaven”. 2 When God introduced His kingdom. and he becometh unfruitful. of a citizen. he proclaimed a different approach to life than that practiced by earthlings.” Jas 1:27 The world and its distractions present great difficulty in the way of the Christian’s journey to the world above: “.. and touch not the unclean thing: and I will receive you.. we are but “sojourners” and “pilgrims” here on earth. and walk in them. as God hath said. In the process. The reality is that as time passes and we draw nearer to heaven. by whom the world is crucified to me... to visit the fatherless and the widows in their affliction. Peter admonishes us to “pass the time of your sojourning here with fear” 1 Pet 1:17 Despite being in one sense “citizens” of the U. and the deceitfulness of riches. the heavenly realm. than the earthly.he also that received seed among the thorns is he that heareth the word.S. As American citizens. The true feelings of “home” in its most meaningful sense. “just passing through”.” Mt 13:22 This separation is best served by a settled understanding that we relate more closely to. save in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ. and must not let the “world” rub off on us.” 2 Cor 6:14-17 “God forbid that I should glory.. The word conveys the idea of the condition. Paul tells us that our “citizenship is in heaven” Phil 3:20. With reference to this. KINGDOM VALUES – No. choke the word.S. in a much deeper and more significant way we are HEAVENLY citizens. I will dwell in them.. and “home”. and responsibilities of citizenship. We are truly. and I unto the world.” Gal 6:14 James tells us: “pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this. such a condition must give way to the more significant relationship with heavenly things. Even though on one level we ARE citizens of the U. He calls for MORE than what passes for “normal” among men. and to keep himself unspotted from the world. saith the Lord. God has redefined such things as “success”. and not that of this life. and I will be their God... and calls for the best that is in each of us. and be ye separate. and they shall be my people.. 4. God “raises the bar”. and the care of this world. DEFINING PRIORITIES:
. For those who would be His “people”. or life. and should be influenced more by. In every aspect of human life. we should be familiar with the privileges. and established a set of values which are better suited to the world to come–while still guiding one through the difficult paths of life on this earth. Wherefore come out from among them.15:19 b) The Christian’s response to the “world”: “Be ye not unequally yoked with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? And what communion hath light with darkness? And what concord hath Christ with Belial? Or what part hath he that believeth with an infidel? And what agreement hath the temple of god with idols? For ye are the temple of the living God. we will gradually become less attached to earthly things–and more capable of making decisions giving more weight to our connections with heaven. rights.
but a sword.” –helping one’s own family Vs.. what does that mean? –It must come before SELF – Matt 16:24–“Then said Jesus unto his disciples. both of which may be–in some circumstances–acceptable. –Bible study. As the “kingdom parables” taught us..the question is. Martha. One’s own feelings.. “Seek ye first the kingdom of heaven. The successful mindset subjects every human act and intention to the question: “How will it affect my effort to reach heaven?” Most all agree that we must “put the kingdom FIRST”. its value is such that it is reasonable to surrender everything to gain it.he that loveth father or mother more than me is not worthy of me... Household chores. and follow me. thou art careful and troubled about many things: but one thing is needful: and Many hath chosen that good part... worship Vs. Acts 4:19... Lord. which was also in Christ Jesus.. he hath denied the faith. let us do good unto all men. and take up his cross.” 5. DEFINING LOYALTY: There is room for only one TRUE love in the heart of the Christian. and undergirds the whole process of getting ready for heaven. Look not every man on his own things. especially unto them which are of the household of faith.in lowliness of mind let each esteem other better than themselves. 5:29 –It must come before earthly honors– Paul rejected all such! Phil 3:8-11 We must realize that sometimes such choices must be made between two things. let him deny himself..” –BEFORE providing food. needs “. clothing. Lk 10:40-42 – “. Helping all others 1 Tim 5:8 – “But if any provide not for his own. Even before the goal is realized.God’s plan for man is simple–“seek ye FIRST the kingdom of God.. and is worse than an infidel. one must allow it to supercede all else. and he that loveth son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me. If any man come after me. and came to him. and said. etc. and the daughter in law against her mother in law. Helping “all men” Gal 6:10 – “as we have therefore opportunity..”–Phil 2:3-5 –helping brethren Vs. and the daughter against her mother. Martha. and specially for those of his own house..” – Matt 10:34-37 –It must come before HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS – “For do I now persuade men. but every man also on the things of others. dost thou not care that my sister hath left me to serve alone? Bid her therefore that she help me. indeed.. or God? Or do I seek to please men? For if I yet pleased men. which shall not be taken away from her. one must begin by giving it TOP priority. Let this mind be in you. and all these things shall be added unto you..but Martha was cumbered about much serving..” Matt 6:33 It is amazing that something so unlike the expected human response stands at the top of the list of “kingdom principles”. God (and Christ)
. And Jesus answered and said unto her. or shelter for oneself! –It must come before FAMILY – “Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came not to send peace.” In order to attain THAT goal. beginning at the very moment of making it a goal..” Gal 1:10.. I should not be the servant of Christ..” –the good of others Vs.. For I am come to set a man at variance against his father..
Christ and the inspired writers routinely warned of the GREAT demands that are made upon our lives.. soul. to experience tribulation”.Only those who refuse to do so will be rejected by him. and by the word of their testimony. and they loved not their lives unto the death.. or in underestimating the extent of it. because it is important to save their life.... and believe. which leadeth unto life. and few there be that find it. and of power. “Nevertheless among the chief rulers also many believed on him. forasmuch as ye know that your labor is not in vain in the Lord. by the mercies of God. DEFINING ACCEPTABLE CONDUCT: Far from minimizing the effort needed to please God. or restricted”. or engage in some wrong action. 33 As you would expect. to be troubled. But whosoever shall deny me before men. children. and that is so–but it means more. family and others are NOT to be loved....” 1 Cor 15:58. holy.. It comes from a word which means “to suffer affliction.. Often. “endure affliction” and “suffer hardship”.. B. True discipleship empowers us to act boldly. and strength (this is not to say that spouse. mind. him will I confess before my Father which is in heaven. In Matt 7:13.” 2 Tim 1:7 6. the picture is one of outstanding effort: “Be ye stedfast. “be faithful. and of a sound mind.” Jn 12:42. which is your reasonable service.. as a good soldier of Jesus Christ..because strait is the gate. even if “faithful” means giving up your own life to serve Him” Rev 12:11 – “and they overcame him by the blood of the Lamb. that he may please him who hath chosen him to be a soldier. there is danger in not perceiving the danger. “faithful unto death” – Rev 2:10 Or. lest they should be put out of the synagogue: for they loved the praise of men more than the praise of God.. but of love. 43 Jesus has no interest in “secret” disciples–those who realize who He is. “I beseech you therefore. always abounding in the work of the Lord. NO man that warreth entangleth himself with the affairs of this life.” We are often told that “strait” means “confined.are to be loved with ALL the heart. The reality is that remaining TRUE to Him is what He expects and demands. full of pitfalls and dangers. under extreme persecution. Any who are willing to own up to their relationship with him can count on His willingness to own them before God.. but because of the Pharisees they did not confess him. acceptable unto God. and narrow is the way. The picture is of a DIFFICULT path. but are not courageous enough to tell others of their faith. brethren. that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice.” Mt 10:32. Jesus himself is loyal to his disciples. 4 Vine’s gives as synonyms: “suffer trouble”. As Paul told Timothy: “For God has not given us the spirit of fear. 14–“Enter ye in at the strait gate: . him will I also deny before my Father which is in heaven.” Some have rationalized that.”
. Paul told Timothy: “Thou therefore endure hardness.” 2 Tim 2:3. A. they may falsely disavow God. unmovable. Even when viewed in a positive light. only that loving them gives way to the greater love one must have toward God). “confessing Him before men” “Whosoever therefore shall confess me before men. and makes us willing to endure whatever proclaiming our faith brings upon us.
. the scriptures make it clear that the Christian is to avoid “the works of darkness” (Eph 5:11). o man. The point to emphasize is that God does NOT impose the restrictions.” Micah 6:6-8 In Gal 5:19-23.. and prevailed upon us with every persuasion short of coercion or supernatural pressure. 20 It is. “buffet”.. this is emphasized: “He hath showed thee. but it will be worth it. Even in the Old Testament stipulations concerning the kingdom citizen. we CAN enjoy deliverance!
. that both thou and thy seed shall live. and reaching forth unto those things which are before. and real commitment guarantee us our heritage. or the casual disciple. every demand upon our time and resources. God does not “sugar coat” it! It is no easy thing to please God. contribute to the finished product He aims for in our lives. hopeth ALL things. 12 While it is not the purpose of this course to detail the specifics of positive and negative conduct. There is no room for the fainthearted. As Moses told Israel long ago: “I call heaven and earth to record this day against you. He has called us to be His people. then commends the fruit of the Spirit. Surely.” (1 Cor 13:7).. believeth ALL things. trust and confidence in God. what is good: and what doth Jehovah require of thee.. endureth ALL things. 14 By God’s grace we are taught to “deny ungodliness and worldly lusts”. blessing and cursing: therefore choose life.. such as “love”.”theflesh lusteth against the spirit.. and to “live soberly. “labor”. I press toward the mark of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus.. despite our imperfect implementation of these guidelines. to love and serve Him.. and godly in this present world. we have set before us “life and death”. and to walk humbly with thy God. etc.We must remember.” Deut 30:19. if duly met.” Titus 2:11. and to love kindness. “fervent”. Truly. that this is all intended for our good. or because he enjoys seeing us chafe under restraint–evidently what He asks of us. If we are called upon to rise above others (Matt 5:43-48).” Phil 3:13. that I have set before you life and death. will be for our good (Jas 1:1-13). both to avoid and to embrace. He has adequately presented us with alternate choices. and the spirit against the flesh. these serve to alert us that more than ordinary effort is needed to properly live before our King and Savior. forgetting those things which are behind. “strive”. it is only to supply us with the direction so that we can literally “rise above others” in days to come. and always has been. we are told it. it was an overriding compulsion: “this one thing I do.. constitute the ONLY way it is possible for us to “get there”! Contrary to the human approach...”beareth ALL things. a matter of “faith”. to shape us and equip us for life in heaven with Him and all the redeemed. Every restriction. Even our failures. Paul first condemns the works of the flesh. But honest effort. when faced and overcome.” Gal 5:17 In Paul’s mind. In describing attitudes. We are reminded of the “strong desires” which we have to overcome. and.Rom 12:2 Multitudes of terms come to mind which emphasize the degree of effort required: “Give diligence”. just because He CAN. and to partake of His benefits. and acquire the traits of holiness and godliness.. will. and make these demands. righteously. “endeavor”. but to do justice. as we consider the life of the disciple.
and glorify your Father who is in heaven. not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass from the Law until all is accomplished. he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.
. and teaches others to do the same. for it is better for you to lose one of the parts of your body. than for your whole body to be thrown into hell." But I say to you that everyone who looks at a woman with lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart. Divorce It was said." But I say to you that everyone who divorces his wife." But I say to you that everyone who is angry with his brother shall be guilty before the court. Truly I say to you. Make friends quickly with your opponent at law while you are with him on the way. You are the light of the world. and there remember that your brother has something against you. and the judge to the officer. shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven. Reconcile your differences Therefore if you are presenting your offering at the altar. If your right hand makes you stumble. If your right eye makes you stumble. you will not come out of there until you have paid up the last cent. Whoever then annuls one of the least of these commandments. Let your light shine before men in such a way that they may see your good works. "You shall not commit adultery. "You shall not commit murder" and "Whoever commits murder shall be liable to the court. Murder You have heard that the ancients were told. you will not enter the kingdom of heaven. but on the lampstand. except for the reason of unchastity. but whoever keeps and teaches them. first be reconciled to your brother. and then come and present your offering. so that your opponent may not hand you over to the judge. Adultery You have heard that it was said. A city set on a hill cannot be hidden. For truly I say to you. and you be thrown into prison. nor does anyone light a lamp and put it under a basket. tear it out and throw it from you. I did not come to abolish but to fulfill. how can it be made salty again? It is no longer good for anything. "Whoever sends his wife away. and whoever says. "You good-for-nothing. for it is better for you to lose one of the parts of your body. "You fool. For I say to you that unless your righteousness surpasses that of the scribes and Pharisees. leave your offering there before the altar and go. and it gives light to all who are in the house. and whoever says to his brother. but if the salt has become tasteless.SERMON ON THE MOUNT
Light of the world You are the salt of the earth." shall be guilty before the supreme court. let him give her a certificate of divorce. New law and old law Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets." shall be guilty enough to go into the fiery hell. cut it off and throw it from you. than for your whole body to go into hell. except to be thrown out and trampled under foot by men. until heaven and earth pass away.
and your Father who sees what is done in secret will reward you. But you. But let your statement be. you have heard that the ancients were told. or by the earth. do not resist an evil person. "An eye for an eye. for it is the footstool of His feet. "You shall not make false vows. and do not turn away from him who wants to borrow from you. go into your inner room. and a tooth for a tooth. as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets. for you cannot make one hair white or black." But I say to you. If anyone wants to sue you and take your shirt. either by heaven. so that you may be sons of your Father who is in heaven. but shall fulfill your vows to the Lord. Giving Beware of practicing your righteousness before men to be noticed by them. and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous. love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you. make no oath at all. when you pray. The Lords Prayer This section of the Sermon on the Mount contains the Lord's prayer. what reward do you have? Do not even the tax collectors do the same? If you greet only your brothers. they have their reward in full. Love your neighbor You have heard that it was said. "Yes. so that your giving will be in secret. what more are you doing than others? Do not even the Gentiles do the same? Therefore you are to be perfect. no. turn the other to him also." But I say to you. Making false vows Again. for He causes His sun to rise on the evil and the good. Go the extra mile You have heard that it was said. for they love to stand and pray in the synagogues and on the street corners so that they may be seen by men. Whoever forces you to go one mile. So do not be like them. let him have your coat also. yes" or "No. For if you love those who love you. otherwise you have no reward with your Father who is in heaven. as your heavenly Father is perfect. for it is the throne of God. and instructions on giving and fasting. go with him two." But I say to you. And when you are praying. for your Father knows what you need before you ask Him. or by Jerusalem. but whoever slaps you on your right cheek. and your Father who sees what is done in secret will reward you. Nor shall you make an oath by your head. "You shall love your neighbor and hate your enemy. Pray in secret When you pray. so that they may be honored by men. do not let your left hand know what your right hand is doing. for they suppose that they will be heard for their many words. Truly I say to you. Truly I say to you." Anything beyond these is of evil. close your door and pray to your Father who is in secret. you are not to be like the hypocrites.
.makes her commit adultery. So when you give to the poor. do not sound a trumpet before you. for it is the city of the great king. they have their reward in full. do not use meaningless repetition as the Gentiles do. and whoever marries a divorced woman commits adultery. Give to him who asks of you. But when you give to the poor.
But if you do not forgive others. do not put on a gloomy face as the hypocrites do. Your will be done.The Lord's Prayer Pray. but deliver us from evil. Truly I say to you. Give us this day our daily bread. nor for your body. Fasting Whenever you fast. do not be worried about your life. On earth as it is in heaven. how great is the darkness! No one can serve two masters. And forgive us our debts. Are you not worth much more than they? And who of you by being worried can add a single hour to his life? Don't worry about clothing And why are you worried about clothing? Observe how the lilies of the field grow. Hallowed be Your name. that they do not sow. there your heart will be also. as to what you will eat or what you will drink. The eye is the lamp of the body. they have their reward in full. in this way: Our Father who art in heaven. and where thieves break in and steal. anoint your head and wash your face so that your fasting will not be noticed by men. as to what you will put on. Money Do not store up for yourselves treasures on earth. nor reap nor gather into barns. for either he will hate the one and love the other. But store up for yourselves treasures in heaven. Is not life more than food. so then if your eye is clear. for where your treasure is. your whole body will be full of light. where neither moth nor rust destroys. or he will be devoted to one and despise the other. but by your Father who is in secret. If then the light that is in you is darkness. But you. And do not lead us into temptation. and yet your heavenly Father feeds them. they do not toil
. and where thieves do not break in or steal. For if you forgive others for their transgressions. For Yours is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever. your heavenly Father will also forgive you. as we also have forgiven our debtors. your whole body will be full of darkness. when you fast. Your kingdom come. for they neglect their appearance so that they will be noticed by men when they are fasting. then. where moth and rust destroy. But if your eye is bad. then your Father will not forgive your transgressions. Don't worry about food For this reason I say to you. You cannot serve God and wealth. and your Father who sees what is done in secret will reward you. Amen. and the body more than clothing? Look at the birds of the air.
nor can a bad tree produce good fruit. and there are many who enter through it. will he? If you then. therefore. and there are few who find it. the golden rule. the log is in your own eye? You hypocrite. seek. how much more will your Father who is in heaven give what is good to those who ask Him! The Golden Rule In everything. and to him who knocks it will be opened.nor do they spin. treat people the same way you want them to treat you. for the gate is wide and the way is broad that leads to destruction. Each day has enough trouble of its own. So do not worry about tomorrow. "Let me take the speck out of your eye. and turn and tear you to pieces. and he who seeks finds. or they will trample them under their feet. who come to you in sheep's clothing. Or what man is there among you who. You will know them by their fruits. it will be measured to you. being evil. and by your standard of measure. Judging others Do not judge so that you will not be judged. will give him a stone? Or if he asks for a fish. for your heavenly Father knows that you need all these things. but inwardly are ravenous wolves. he will not give him a snake. For the gate is small and the way is narrow that leads to life. and the parable of the wise and foolish builders are presented in this final section of the Sermon on the Mount. Wolves in sheep's clothing Beware of the false prophets. For in the way you judge. you will be judged. seek. Every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire. For everyone who asks receives. for tomorrow will care for itself. knock. So then. Do not give what is holy to dogs. But seek first His kingdom and His righteousness. Why do you look at the speck that is in your brother's eye. but do not notice the log that is in your own eye? Or how can you say to your brother. Ask. are they? So every good tree bears good fruit. know how to give good gifts to your children. when his son asks for a loaf. Wide and narrow gates Enter through the narrow gate. and all these things will be added to you. Grapes are not gathered from thorn bushes nor figs from thistles. and it will be given to you. and you will find. A good tree cannot produce bad fruit. first take the log out of your own eye. and knock Ask. but the bad tree bears bad fruit. Warnings Several warnings. But if God so clothes the grass of the field." and behold. and it will be opened to you. yet I say to you that not even Solomon in all his glory clothed himself like one of these. saying. and then you will see clearly to take the speck out of your brother's eye. for this is the Law and the Prophets. which is alive today and tomorrow is thrown into the furnace. will He not much more clothe you? You of little faith! Don't worry about tomorrow Do not worry then. "What will we eat?" or "What will we drink?" or "What will we wear for clothing?" For the Gentiles eagerly seek all these things. and do not throw your pearls before swine. you will
"I never knew you. I thought of how round the rim of my wheel would be if these seven factors were the spokes. The rain fell. the crowds were amazed at His teaching. Lord. did we not prophesy in Your name. and it fell . (5) Social. Many will say to Me on that day. Response from the crowds When Jesus had finished these words. and in Your name perform many miracles?" And then I will declare to them. And the rain fell. even things out.know them by their fruits. and the floods came. for it had been founded on the rock. you who practice lawlessness.and great was its fall. (6) Physical and (7) Spiritual. There are clearly times in my life when my wheel would have given me a pretty bumpy ride. I tend to let the social facet of my life get short changed. for He was teaching them as one having authority. and the floods came.
That discussion led me to another question: “What is the difference between a balanced Christian life and a balanced non-Christian life?”So I put myself under the microscope to examine what makes each one of these seven categories uniquely Christian? I guess
. (2) Family. Lately. may be compared to a wise man who built his house on the rock. He proposed that we keep seven factors in balance: (1) Financial.
Balanced Christian life : Secular and spiritual – Biblical and Traditional
BALANCED CHRISTIAN LIFE
“What is the Christian Life?” and “What is a balanced life?” and “What factors should we keep in balance?” My thinking was challenged by Alex to try to answer these questions backwards. and in Your name cast out demons. will be like a foolish man who built his house on the sand. Lord." will enter the kingdom of heaven. but he who does the will of My Father who is in heaven will enter. (3) Mental. I’ve been trying to pump up the physical. Everyone who hears these words of Mine and does not act on them. Be obedient Not everyone who says to Me. "Lord. and the winds blew and slammed against that house. and the winds blew and slammed against that house. (4) Work." Wise and foolish builders Therefore everyone who hears these words of Mine and acts on them. and yet it did not fall. Alex challenged us to think of three goals in each category that would. if achieved. You know how it goes. "Lord. Depart from Me. and not as their scribes.
I’m glad I went through the Crown Ministries courseon personal financial management at my church several years ago. • (2) Family: The Christian sees children as having thebasic characteristics of the Kingdom of Heaven and as a unique gift or heritage from God. They have a wealth of resources and articles to develop this Christian view of money and wealth. Psalm 78 speaks of our duty to our children is to preserve the continuance of God’s glory for generations by training them to put their confidence in God. On
.I’m talking about my world view of my inner world.
(1) Financial: The Christian view of money is that all money is God’s money (I Chronicles 29:1018 &Deuteronomy 8:17-18) and God gives us the responsibility to manage this money as a steward. The family unit is so important to God that a man’s management of it qualifies or disqualifies him to exercise leadership in the church. How tragic is the way we take abortions in stride giving very little consideration to God’s view of children. So here are my thoughts. I’d be interested in yours. our minds have thecapacity to understand the things of God. • (3) Mental: On the high end. How different this view is from those who see children as a burden.
” I like that. is to be an incarnation of God’s character of love and reconciliation. (5) Social: I think the Christian view of people is that some are followers of Christ and others are not. I am made alive spiritually by His grace. He doesn’t need any more help with that. As individual followers of Christ live out His character. (7) Spiritual: This is probably the most important piece of all. That’s my incentive to live my life consistently with His example. because unlike a “piece” or a “slice of the pie” it the ingredient that makes all the facets of this model unique. I do as a result of what He does in and through me.) Although our bodies are decaying. can I think of a lot of ways I can neglect or abuse my body (too much sugar. I have a resulting relationship with God that the Bible refers to as “abiding. It is God who makes the work of our hands effective because it is God who works in and through us for His good pleasure. those who are “in Christ” will at the resurrection from the dead be given a new imperishable body. getting to know Him more intimately. So the spiritual life is not striving to be like Jesus. etc. and as a result. and their countries. • (6) Physical: My Christian view of my body follows the metaphor of a “temple of the Holy Spirit”. My job is to love and encourage people. I should take good care of it and not abuse it in any way. not to judge them. not enough exercise. not trying to be good. • (4) Work: God intended us to work and for our work to be productive. coming to be like Him for his glory and my blessing. Wherever we are on this continuum. but rather abiding in a relationship with God. It results from entrusting myself to God’s care by responding to His provision of forgiveness on the cross. In our church service a few weeks ago.That’s something to look forward to.” And so what I do. Pastor Patrick Lafferty defined “good works” as “human expressions of God’s character and purpose that display the worth of God to those who do them and to those who receive them. Jesus is no longer the incarnation of God walking the earth loving people. Wow. away from the natural way of thinking and toward a supernatural way of thinking. The spiritual dimension of life is not something I strive to develop and improve. This is how entire societies can be blessed — or not. To be counted as a follower of Christ our goodness must surpass the levels that our own efforts can manage. like the sap of a vine producing fruit. I am born-again by His power. Therefore. to end up
. their families become uniquely Christian. then their communities. as I see it.
So I challenge myself to live my life in light of these “spokes of the wheel” in a way that is consistently Christian and over the course of my life. our minds are in continual need of
renewal. not trying to win God’s favor. God does the judging. He does need help with that. So my role. our mind can be so depraved that itdisqualifies us from the faith. with all its twists and contortions. Jesus is the historical watershed that separates everyone into two camps.the low end.
and out of it flow the issues of life. or purify. plans. or unworthy. he is called carnal. Something is radically wrong with both. too. has proved man's personal and complete inability to reduce to order either the world without or the world within. now corrupt him. has ideas that he knows are foul. forms opinions that usually need correcting. continued through thousands of years. The moral influences. The word carnal comes from the Latin word for flesh. In the third realm of his inner life which man can distinguish. He is further conscious that his own inner and private world is a triple realm. as the blood flows from the physical heart to all parts of man's body. true. reasonings. now a bane. we read very often about the difference between the carnal / secular and the spiritual Christian . That is what Paul writes to the Corinthians.” Every object is named according to its most prominent characteristics. that his
. This triple and interacting world is termed the HEART. The physical world and its forces now help him. affection or aversion. each of the three elements of which interact upon one another. He knows. now they purify him. The confusion and corruption of both are more awful today than ever. If a man is a babe in Christ and has a little of the Holy Spirit and a great deal of the flesh. He thinks wrongly. he says four times to them that they are carnal. for the flesh Man is conscious of two worlds. We are also taught that a true believer may allow himself to be ruled by the flesh. or dismiss. or cruel. now hurt him. likes or dislikes. because it is the center of man's whole life. These he can never wholly exclude. of the beings he touches are now a blessing. And he influences others similarly. pure. I’d be interested in your thoughts on these issues. he observes the WILL at work. a public and a private.with a balanced benefit of each. But my concern is not so much balance as much as surrender to Him.
SECULAR AND SPIRITUAL
In God’s word. ideas. we are taught that the flesh and the Spirit of God are the two opposing powers by which we are dominated or ruled. Though these thoughts upon various subjects arouse FEELINGS. correct. Man is further and painfully conscious that both the world around and the world within are in disorder. a believer can allow the flesh to have so much power over him that he becomes or remains “canal. he makes decisions for or against a proposed action or course. Each man knows that his THOUGHTS are never absolutely right. of love or hatred. also. In the first four verses of the third chapter. In the eighth chapter of Romans and in the fifth chapter of Galatians. the uniform experience of all mankind. yieldedness and abiding. In the one realm work THOUGHTS. not spiritual. an objective and a subjective. He is conscious also that these two worlds act and react upon each other. Moreover. Just so . an outer and an inner. he is influenced by that world around and he in turn influences it.
along with these traders.
Unit. 52. mahogany.
. in A. black wood. which were greatly appreciated. To right-minded persons all this is a cause of grief and deep solicitude: but what can be done? In his soberer moments man responds sadly to the cry of an old writer. rosewood. deceitful.buying ivory.V • Indian Church History : St. In those days. Arabs and Turks used to work as business men and merchants between India. The merchants used to come to Kerala for trade . too easily swayed by his desires or dislikes. that is.D. He is also aware that his WILL is inconstant.Thomas tradition . unreliable. Thomas. Thus. 7:24).Protestant Reformation – Pentecostal Movement
THE INDIAN CHURCH HISTORY:
The Christian Church in India was founded by St. the Middle East. distracted. the Apostle of Christ. etc. St.FEELINGS are more or less selfish. Europeans had no direct land or sea link with India. cardamom. sandalwood. treasured. ginger. prejudiced. and are all too likely to hurry him into actions he knows to be unwise or wrong. etc. "Wretched man that I am! Who shall deliver me?" (Rom. dragged in opposite directions. condiments such as pepper. and Europe. and timber such as teak. on a merchant ship from the Middle East. and sought after like gold by the Europeans and the Middle Easterners. Thomas came to Kerala in 52 A.D. and too often divided..
In those days. & Malabar princely provinces.(means wedding dress) to the bride by the bridegroom at the time of marriage. Brahmins . The king was impressed by his words and more by the prospects of expanding business by establishing new trade links. Thus the ancient Malankara Church in Kerala was also called the 'Malabar Church'. Thus the first Church in India was established on the Kerala Coast and became known as the 'Malankara Church'. were very hospitable and accommodating towards Apostle Thomas and the visitors. He is buried at St. Thomas along with the local Brahmins constituted the first Church. Thomas the Merchant
.).D. The communications of the king were carried out by the Brahmins. For the first three centuries this church had no other contact with Churches outside. The king gave prominence to the Christians in his palace and in his kingdom. The legend has it that the King was so enamored with the new religion that he ordered sixty four well-to-do Brahmin families to join the new religion. in 345 A. St. a sea port in Kerala. Except for the ordination of Bishops. & Malabar (Calicut or Kozhikode)] was known as 'Malankara' in the old days (Mala = Mountain. St. and was later murdered by the natives at Mylapore near the city of Madras (now Chennai). The two dozen Christian families who had come with St. Middle easterners comprising of Christians. Thomas Mount. From the second century onwards.D. India. "Kerala" means "the land of coconut palms") includes most of the former Travancore. to the king. and Muslims kept migrating to the Kerala coast even into the early 20th centuary. Kara = Coast). they started referring to the region as the 'Malabar Coast' instead of 'Malankara'. many Christians left Persia because of the religious persecution of Christians during the reign of Emperor Sapor II of Persia (310-379 A. tying "Mangalyasutra" or "Minnu" (means a necklace with a special cross) and the giving of a Sari . one Thomas. the ancient church adopted some customs. namely facing to the East (rising sun) when praying. and the ocean [consisting of Travancore. Jews. This system continued for a long period of time. etc.. as well as the natives in Kerala. Thomas converted many to Christianity. Christianity. Upon his arrival."Pudavakoda" or "Manthrakodi" . and eventually went to Madras State (now Tamil Nadu) to preach. came to Cranganore (ancient Muziris) in Travancore (now part of Kerala) with a group of 400 Persian Christian immigrants as their leader.Palestine). From the Sun worshipping Brahmins. the Churches in Kerala got their Bishops ordained by the Patriarch of Antioch. Cochin was a powerful and prominent princely state at that time. Then Kodungallore was the main sea port in Kerala. Cochin. the Church was independent. The King of Cochin. near Madras. Thomas was received as a dignitary by the King of Cochin. a prominent and wealthy Merchant of Cana (Syria . As it was started with the Middle Eastern visitors and immigrants. a relationship to the Antioch Church was developed from the early centuries. Cochin. The strip of land Kerala . In the fourth century. After the British came.The present Kerala State (named Kerala in 1956. Thomas explained his religion. the sea.the highest among the Hindu castes were the only people who had any type of education. St. Kerala is bordered on its north and east by the mountains and on its west and south by the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean.lying between these mountains.
In their view. the Merchant of Cana. This simply means that they claim a unique authority over all other churches and denominations because they claim the line of Roman Catholic Popes back throughout the centuries. as "Syrians' Knaye Thommen". or Protestant. in the exercise of his office as pastor and teacher of all Christians. although their claim is very similar to the Roman Catholic view. all the way to the Apostle Peter.and his group were wholeheartedly welcomed by the kings and their subjects in Kerala. Eastern Orthodox. according to the Roman Catholic view. this apostolic succession is only “found in the Catholic Church” and no “separate Churches have any valid claim to it. and were granted several special privileges. the Roman Catholics are not the only ones who try to claim unique authority through apostolic succession or by tracing the roots of their church back to the original apostles. From thence in the fourth century.” It is because of this apostolic succession that the Roman Catholic Church claims a unique authority to interpret Scripture and to establish doctrine. The split between Eastern Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism did not occur until the “Great Schism” in A. Therefore. This is one of the major differences between Roman Catholics and Protestants and was one of the foundational reasons for the Protestant Reformation. The Eastern Orthodox Church also claims apostolic succession. they still look to that connection to the early church in at least some small degree to establish the authority of their doctrines and practices. Of course. whether it is Roman Catholic.D. the 'Malankara Church' became known as the �Syrian Church� or the �Malankara Syrian Church� and its members became known as the "Syrian Christians". According to the Catholic Encyclopedia. is that they all are attempts to derive or support the authority of what they believe and teach from the wrong source. as well the claim of having a supreme leader in the Pope who is infallible (without error) when speaking “ex cathedra”—that is.
PROTESTANT REFORMATION "What was the Protestant Reformation?" In understanding the history of Protestant Church and the Reformation. that of some real or perceived connection with the apostles. instead of deriving it from the Word of
. There are also some Protestant denominations or groups that will try to establish a “Trail of Blood” that can be traced back through the centuries to the first century church and the apostles themselves. One subsect of the present day Syrians in Syria are still called 'Knanaye Christians' and can trace their origins to this group of immigrants from Persia. The Persian Christians who immigrated with Thomas of Cana joined the Malankara Christians in their Churches for worship. it is important to first understand that one of the claims that the Roman Catholic Church makes is that of apostolic succession. the teaching or traditions of the Roman Catholic Church as they come from the Pope are equally as infallible and authoritative as the Scriptures themselves. While these Protestants do not hold to apostolic succession in order to establish the authority of a “Pope” as an infallible leader. The problem with any of these attempts to trace a line of succession back to the apostles. 1054. this gives the Roman Catholic Church a unique authority that supersedes all other denominations or churches. The people in Kerala started referring to Thomas.
like many other words over time. With his conversion. During this time. Over time. This is important in understanding church history. Christians had been persecuted by the Roman government. it is important that to understand a couple of key points. as well as the Roman Catholic Church’s claim of being the one true Church with unique authority. but also visibly. It is important for Christians to realize that direct apostolic succession is not necessary in order for a church or denomination to have authority. not just spiritually. and that there would be both “tares and wheat” that would exist together until the day of judgment when He separates the saved from the lost. Therefore.God. First. This marriage of church and state led to the formation of the Roman Catholic Church. If one disagreed with some doctrine of the Roman Catholic Church.D. opposing the Roman Catholic Church was the same as opposing the Roman government and carried with it severe penalties. it comes only and directly from the written Word of God. the concept of a “universal” or “catholic” church began to evolve into the concept that all churches formed together one church.” This is important because in the early Christian writings of the first and second centuries. Jesus Himself warned that these false teachers would be like “wolves in sheep’s clothing” (Matthew 7:15). the Bible. It is out of this misunderstanding of the nature of the universal church that the Roman Catholic Church evolved. This misunderstanding of the nature of the visible church (which always has contained both “wheat and tares”) and the invisible church (the body of Christ which is only made up of born again believers) would lead to the concept of a visible Holy Catholic Church. outside of which there is no salvation. an individual church’s or denomination’s authority today does not come through some tie to the first century church and the apostles. when the term catholic is used. Christianity became an allowed religion of the Roman Empire (and later became the official religion). and the reason that the Protestant Reformation took place. or came to be used in a new sense. In regards to the history of Christianity and the claims of apostolic succession. extending throughout the world. false teachers were a significant problem. God has given and preserved the supreme authority for all matters of faith and practice in His Holy Word. A church or denomination’s teachings are authoritative and binding on Christians only if they represent the true meaning and clear teaching of Scripture. 7:9). throughout all ages. Prior to the Constantine’s conversion to Christianity in A. the word catholic began to take on new meaning. tongue and nation (Revelation 5:9. we must realize that even in the days of the apostles and the first century church. Instead. it is referring to the “universal church” or “body of Christ” that is made up of “born again” believers from every tribe. it was a serious charge that often resulted in excommunication and sometimes even death. We know this because warnings against heresies and false teachers are found in all the later New Testament writings. The second thing to realize to correctly understand church history is that the word catholic simply means “universal. Despite this. Yet throughout this time of history. and over time caused the Roman Catholic Church to refine its doctrine and develop its structure in a way that best served the purpose of the Roman government. This is important in order to understand the connection between Protestantism and the Roman Catholic Church. and thus the “visible” Church became joined with the power of the Roman government. the true “born again” believer from those that have not truly received Him (Matthew 13:24-30). there have also been true “born again” believers who held fast to the biblical doctrine of salvation by grace alone through faith alone in Christ alone. because from almost the very beginning false teachers and false teachings have been invading the church and leading people astray. there were true “born again” Christians who would rise up
. 315. even in the darkest period of the dark ages. However.
” In Christ Alone: This affirms the Biblical doctrine that salvation is found in
. Germany. and it was for these five essential Biblical doctrines that the Protestant Reformers would take their stand against the Roman Catholic Church. These four questions or doctrines are How is a person saved? Where does religious authority lie? What is the church? And what is the essence of Christian living? In answering these questions. and truly became almost a universal church throughout the Roman Empire." 2—“Sola Gratia. Reformed.and oppose the secularization of the Roman Catholic Church and the perversion of the faith that followed. John Huss in Czechoslovakia.” Salvation by Faith Alone: This affirms the Biblical doctrine that justification is by grace alone through faith alone because of Christ alone. Anabaptist. men such as John Wycliffe in England. but is the sole efficient cause of salvation.” Salvation by Grace Alone: This affirms the Biblical doctrine that salvation is by God’s grace alone and that we are rescued from His wrath by His grace alone. and John of Wessel in Germany had all given their lives for their opposition to some of the unbiblical teachings of the Roman Catholic Church. Amen. From this Reformation four major divisions or traditions of Protestantism would emerge: Lutheran. Through this church-and-state combination. Underlying the Protestant Reformation lay four basic doctrines in which the reformers believed the Roman Catholic Church to be in error. Scripture and Scripture alone is the standard by which all teachings and doctrines of the church must be measured. As Martin Luther so eloquently stated when asked to recant on his teachings.” or Scripture Alone: This affirms the Biblical doctrine that the Bible alone is the sole authority for all matters of faith and practice. God help me. yet they were relatively small and isolated. Protestant Reformers such as Martin Luther.I do not accept the authority of the popes and councils. for they have contradicted each other . 3—“Sola Fide. 4—“Solus Christus. even to the point of death. These five points of doctrine were at the heart of the Protestant Reformation. "Unless I am convinced by Scripture and plain reason . John Calvin. The opposition to the Roman Catholic Church and its false teaching came to a head in the sixteenth century. Luther’s intention was to bring reform to the Roman Catholic Church. and in doing so was challenging the authority of the Pope. resisting the demands placed on them to recant. the Protestant Reformation began. Prior to the Protestant Reformation in the sixteenth century. I cannot and I will not recant anything for to go against conscience is neither right nor safe.my conscience is captive to the Word of God. It is by faith in Christ that His righteousness is imputed to us as the only possible satisfaction of God’s perfect justice. During this time God raised up godly men in different countries in order to once again restore churches throughout the world to their biblical roots and to biblical doctrines and practices. and John Knox established what would be known as the “Five Solas” of the Reformation (sola being the Latin word for “alone”). God’s grace in Christ is not merely necessary. Ulrich Zwingli. These five essential doctrines of the Protestant Reformation are as follows: 1-“Sola Scriptura. This grace is the supernatural work of the Holy Spirit that brings us to Christ by releasing us from our bondage to sin and raising us from spiritual death to spiritual life. when a Roman Catholic monk named Martin Luther posted his 95 propositions (or theses) against the teachings of the Roman Catholic Church on the Castle Church door at Wittenberg. With the refusal of the Roman Catholic Church to heed Luther’s call to reformation and return to biblical doctrines and practices. the Roman Catholic Church effectively silenced those who opposed any of its doctrines or practices. There were always pockets of resistance to some of the unbiblical practices and teachings of the Roman Catholic Church. and Anglican.
It affirms that as Christians we must glorify Him always. and it is probably the fastest growing religion in the world. Chapter 2. Now. and why the Protestant Reformation was necessary to return churches throughout the world to correct doctrine and biblical teaching. and Orthodox. and it is now deeply entrenched in most of the mainline Protestant denominations. Protestantism. in Catholicism. For the Glory of God Alone: This affirms the Biblical doctrine that salvation is of God and has been accomplished by God for His glory alone. there were 200 million Charismatics in 1993 in the main Protestant denominations and Catholicism. the number of Pentecostals and Charismatics probably exceed the number of Protestants and Orthodox combined. Many embrace the term Evangelical. As a result. In many ways. 5—“Soli Deo Gloria. It has been called Christendom "fourth force". Pentecostal statistics show 200 million members designated as nominational Pentecostals. worship styles and teachings that were found in the early church. Pentecostalism is theologically and historically close to the Charismatic Movement The Pentecostal Movement is by far the largest and most important religious movement to originate in the United States. Pentecostalism is an umbrella term that includes a wide range of different theological and organizational perspectives. most Pentecostals identify as Protestants. and if faith in Christ and His work is not solicited. The gospel has not been preached if Christ’s substitutionary work is not declared. this event commemorates the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the followers of Jesus Christ. For Christians.Christ alone and that His sinless life and substitutionary atonement alone are sufficient for our justification and reconciliation to God the Father. under the authority of God. some Pentecostals also use the term Apostolic and/or Full Gospel to describe their movement. and must live our entire lives before the face of God. much of Protestant Christianity needs to be challenged to return to these fundamental doctrines of the faith. in the Third Millennium. as described in the Book of Acts. The Pentecostal Movement Pentecostalism is a renewalist religious movement within Christianity. and in some Orthodox. and Pentecostals tend to see their movement as reflecting the same kind of spiritual power. They are just as important today in evaluating a church and its teachings as they were then. The Charismatic Renewal Movement has some of its roots in historic Pentecostalism. much like the reformers challenged the Roman Catholic Church to do in the sixteenth century. They are at the heart of where the Roman Catholic Church went wrong in its doctrine. For this reason. that places special emphasis on a direct personal experience of God through the baptism of the Holy Spirit. there is no single central organization or church that directs the movement. These five important and fundamental doctrines are the reason for the Protestant Reformation. for example. Most Pentecostals consider themselves to be part of broader Christian groups. alongside Catholicism. The term Pentecostal is derived from Pentecost. a Greek term describing the Jewish Feast of Weeks. and for His glory alone. while others prefer Restorationist. A total of over 400 million.
. In addition.
In Brazil. there were 2 Pentecostal congregations in 1920. over 50%. the Azusa Street "Apostolic Faith Mission" conducted three services a day. by the African-American preacher William Joseph Seymour. Seymour and Parham could be called the "cofounders" of modern world Pentecostalism.165 local congregations in the USA. the two Churches of God in Christ and the United Pentecostal Church are predominantly black denominations. with 3 million.In the USA. with a handful of students conducted by Charles Fox Parham. Besides the tongues-attested baptism. It was not until 1906. a former African Methodist Episcopal church building at 312 Azusa Street in downtown Los Angeles. The expressive worship and praise included shouting and dancing. and service to the brother at Azusa Street. and now there are over 25. At that time of color segregation in the United States. He learned about the tongues-attested baptism from Parham. in the year 2000.
. From Azusa Street Pentecostalism spread rapidly around the world and begun its advance toward becoming a major force in Christendom. over 80 million (20 million in America). California. the first day of the twentieth century. the phenomenon of Blacks and Whites worshiping together under a Black pastor seemed incredible to many observers. as it called by Frank Bartleman. with 7 million members. in the Third Millennium.000. History: The first "Pentecostals" in the modern sense appeared on the scene in 1901 in the city of Topeka. where thousands of seekers received the tongues baptism. seven days a week. 10% of the Hispanic Protestants were Pentecostals. The Assemblies of God. What happened at Azusa Street has fascinated church historians: For over three years. where the people from all ethnic minorities were represented at Azusa Street. a holiness teacher and former Methodist Pastor. however. Indeed. 1901. The first student who spoke in tongues was Agnes Ozman. Kansas. In 1950. In the Catholic Charismatic Renewal there are now. and opened the historic meeting in April 1906 in a Black Holiness Church. "the American Jerusalem". that had been common among Appalachian Whites and Southern Blacks. that pentecostalism achieved worldwide attention through the "Azusa Street Revival" in Los Angeles. and praise to the Lord. A total of 41. on January 1. there was joy. both in America and around the world. is the largest predominantly white denomination. with emphasis in the Pentecost's Baptism with the Spirit and glossolalia (speaking in tongues) of Acts 2. and begun a whirlwind revival tour of the America middle west to promote his exiting new experience. with official organizations in 120 countries. Parham founded a church movement which he called the "Apostolic Faith". In New York City we have today 500 Catholic Charismatic Hispanic Prayer Groups. This admixture of tongues and other charisms with Black music and worship styles crated a new and indigenous form of Pentecostalism that was to prove extremely attractive to disinherited and deprived people. in Los Angeles. the color line was washed away in the Blood of Christ. they grew up to 200 in 1930.
2. but a pioneer of modern Pentecostalism. with its basic theology mysticism and joy.The Methodism of Wesley. it's a special calling from Jesus Christ to all His followers to take specific action while on this earth. under Dennis Bennett.12 and 14 The "two main features" of the Pentecostals are "praising the Lord" and "service"
Mission and Kingdom building : Great Commission of Jesus Christ
Mission and Kingdom Building: The Great Commission .The "Classical Pentecostal Movement" started by started in 1901 by Parham and Seymour has now over 11. The Great Commission is found in the Gospel of Matthew: And Jesus came and spoke to them.The Evangelicals started in 1981 at Fuller Theological Seminary with John Wimber. even to the end of the age. California. Second. In ten years it spread to all major Protestant families of the world. in 1967 among students and faculty of DuQuesne University. (Matthew 28:18-20) The Great Commission ." Amen.The Catholic Charismatic Renewal movement started in Pittsburgh. 33 millions in the world were moving in signs and wonders.Its Significance for Christians The Great Commission is the end of a Gospel and the beginning of faith in action for all
. with emphasis in the explosive power of the Holy Spirit. led the first attempt at "charismatic renewal" in his Regents Square Presbyterian Church in 1831. I am with you always.A Personal Instruction The Great Commission is one of the most significant passages in the Holy Bible. 4. A popular Presbyterian pastor in London. By 1990. The British Keswick "Higher Life" in 1875 also prepared the way of Pentecostalism. Rector of St Marks Episcopal (Anglican) Church. baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.1:4 and speaking in tongues… and the daily practice of the gifts and ministries of the Holy Spirit of 1Cor. with the baptism with the Holy Spirit of Act. Pennsylvania. "All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. specially as experienced by the disciples of Christ in the Great Pentecost of Acts 2. saying.000 pentecostal denominations throughout the world. He was not very successful. teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you. but without the tonguesattested baptism. and lo. Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations. The four waves of Pentecostalism: 1. The basis of Pentecostalism is Jesus Christ. First. with glossolalia as the standing sign of the baptism in the Spirit. and the Holiness Movement may be considered the front runners of modern Pentecostalism. though they disdain labels such as "Pentecostal" and "charismatic".The "Neo-Pentecostal" movement started in 1960 in Van Nuys. 3. it's the last recorded personal instruction given by Jesus to His disciples. Edward Irving. and by 19993 it has touched the lives of over 100 million Catholics in over 238 nations. reaching a total of 55 million people by 1990.
If you're a believer in Jesus Christ. Finally. In the 21st century. validating His power in the lives of Christians and their commitment to Him. every faithful Christian is compelled through obedience to share the Gospel. accepted and shared the Good News of Jesus Christ." Jesus calls all His followers to act and share the Good News of salvation throughout the world. spreading the word of Jesus Christ. Jesus provides specific direction with affirmation to His followers. "Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations. or a poverty stricken area just down the road where people can't afford Bibles. I am with you always. that Jesus Christ will support us. with the knowledge that Christ will be by your side. This fact has proven trustworthy throughout the centuries as millions of believers have heard. complete faith does not exist. and lo. The places and people who need to hear the Gospel are everywhere! Another important aspect of verse 19 is that Christ is specifically teaching the doctrine of the Trinity to His followers. and therefore His deity. The three Persons of the Godhead are each equally and fully God and here presented in the logical order of Father. verse 20 declares that we can be confident.A Personal Calling In the Great Commission.yet only One God from the beginning (see Romans 1:20). the Internet has become a mission field where people can reach out and share Christ's love. "to make disciples of all the nations"?
. It could be a neighbor who has not heard the Good News. Jesus calls every Christian to step out in faith and spread the Good News. Christ has ascended back to heaven. Jesus is very clear about His authority in the world -. "teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you. In verse 19. This verse acts as a clear claim to Christ's omnipotence. Yes. Many Christians have made incredible sacrifices. Wherever we go. Jesus gives His believers specific directions to follow after they have affirmed their faith.Christians. "All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. where has He called you to go? Who has God put on your heart to share the gift of salvation? What small or large steps can you take. even to the end of the age. in verse 20. while rejecting certain of His teachings. traveling to remote regions of the world beyond the civilized cities into jungles and deserts. Son and Holy Spirit ." Christians are instructed to teach others about Jesus Christ and the entirety of His truth. People hear this calling and travel each year on missionary trips throughout the earth. This command from Jesus is significant because it's a personal instruction for Christians to have a profound faith in Jesus Christ as indicated in verse 18. baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. This is faith in action! People who obey this command change their spiritual lives forever! It could be spreading the Good News to a neighbor or moving to another country to reach the people there. but He is present by the power of the Holy Spirit in every believer! The Great Commission . It could be sharing with less fortunate kids down the street or spreading the Word in a town two hours away. As we teach Christ's truths." This is an incredibly powerful statement which demands faith in Jesus Christ. Mission fields can also be very close to home. in faith. We can't profess Christ as Savior and Lord. If Christians do not believe this statement.it is complete and total from the beginning of time itself (John 1:1-3).
Ananias and Sapphira ..Life and values inculcated by such personalities. Paul.•
Case Studies: Moses.