Pan Patta (Betel Leaf) Botanical Name :- Piper betle Indian Name :- Pan

A very attractive spice, fast growing, perennial, evergreen to 1 metre, with creeping stem branches, dark green, glossy, heart-shaped leaves to 15cm long. White catkin flowers turn a green/brown when mature. Propagation is easy by root division or cuttings, preferably taken in spring or summer. Betel leaf requires a rich soil and prefers a semi-shade position. It makes a good under storey plant. Regular feeding and watering will keep it growing very lush. Although betel leaf is considered a tropical to subtropical plant, it will adapt to cold conditions if given a warm spot in winter, and could be grown in a large pot, and shifted to a cosy position in the cold months of the year. In about 3–6 months time, vines grow to a height 150-180 cm. At this stage branching is noticed in the vines. Leaves are removed along with the petiole with the right thumb. Once harvesting is commenced, it is continued almost every day or week. The interval of harvesting varies from 15 days to about a month till the next lowering of vines. After each harvest, manuring has to be done.

An analysis of the

betel leaf shows it to consist of moisture 85.4 per cent, protein 3.1 per cent, fat 0.8 per cent, minerals 2.3 per

cent, fiber 2.3 per cent and carbohydrates 6.1 per cent per 100 grams. Its minerals and vitamin contents are calcium, carotene, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin and vitamin C. Its calorific value is 44. The plant has many traditional medicinal uses. Malaysians use the leaves for headaches, arthritis and joint pain. In Thailand and China the roots are crushed and blended with salt to relieve toothache. In Indonesia leaves are chewed with betel nut, and the masticated juice swallowed for relief from coughs and asthma It is vata and kapha suppressant. It is an effective anti wormal agent because of its pungent taste. It is an excellent anti infectious agent again because of its pungent taste. It helps in normalizing the digestive tract hence is very effective in maintaining the digestive system because of its light properties. It provides strength to the heart and tones up the cardiovascular system. It also helps in expelling out the mucus form the respiratory tract because of its hot potency. It is also a good aphrodisiac agent. According to ayurveda it contains :

• • •

Gunna (properties) – tikshan (sharp), ruksh (dry) and laghu light Rasa (taste) - katu (pungent) and tickta (bitter) Virya (potency) – ushan (hot)

Healing Power and Curative Properties:

Betel leaf has been used from ancient times as an aromatic stimulant and antiflatulent. It is useful in arresting secretion or bleeding and is an aphrodisiac. Its leaf is used in several common household remedies. Aphrodisiac: Pan-supari, especially the pan, is prescribed by Ayurvedic physicians as an aphrodisiac. Betel leaf is considered aphrodisiac i.e. an agent which stimulates sexual desire. It is a common practice to offer masalapan to newly married couple before retiring to bed. It adds to love making and pleasures.

quick lime. mixed with dilute milk and Weakness of Nerves: and debility. Betel leaf juice is credited with diuretic properties.Scanty or Obstructed Urination : sweetened slightly. will serve as a good tonic. of this decoction twice a day cures indigestion . Stomach Disorder: • Betel betel leaves are beneficial in the treatment of nervous pains. A Taken betel morsel (pan supari) prepared with catechu. after meals cures digestive problems and eliminates flatulence (caution: do not add tobacco in this). Taking 2 tsp. Its juice. helps in easing urination. with a teaspoon of honey. cardamom etc. betel nuts. The juice of a few teaspoon of this can be taken twice a day. nervous exhaustion leaves. Boil 3 betel leaves with little black pepper in 250 GMS water and strain it. • • Fomenting the stomach (incase of children) with heated leaf of betel cures stomach ailments.

that is inflammation of the testes. This leaf has to be replaced. Lumbago: A hot poultice of the loins with beneficial results in lumbago. Respiratory Disorders : Betel leaves are useful in pulmonary affection in childhood and old age. a suppository made of the stalk of introduced in the rectum. betel leaf dipped in castor oil can be Sore Throat : Local application of the honey and taken to relieve irritating cough. and is then coated with a layer of castor oil. soaked in mustard oil and warmed. Then a up with a single application within 2 days. The crushed fruit or berry should be mixed with Inflammation: Applied locally. arthritis and orchitis. Constipation : In the case of constipation in children. may be applied to the chest to relieve cough and difficulty in breathing. This instantly relieves constipation.Headaches : The betel leaf has analgesic and cooling properties. the boil will rupture draining all the purulent matter. betel leaf should be wrapped over and bandaged. The leaves. The juice of a few leaves should be extracted and applied on the wound. It can be applied with beneficial results over the painful area to relieve intense headache. The application can be made at night and removed in the morning. After a few applications. every few hours. betel leaves are beneficial in the treatment of inflammation such as Wounds : Betel leaves can be used to heal wounds. A leaf is gently warmed till it gets softened. The wound will heal Boils : The herb is also an effective remedy for boils. leaves is effective in treating sore throat. The oiled leaf is spread over the inflamed part. leaves or their juice mixed with some bland oil such as refined coconut oil can be applied to the Problem of Breast Milk Secretion : The application of applied on the breasts leaves smeared with oil is said to promote secretion of milk when .

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