What does C2 do | Pipe (Fluid Conveyance) | Yield (Engineering)

What does CAESAR II do?

9/15/2010

What questions does CAESAR II answer? A brief CAESAR II “design” sequence design sequence. Should conclude within the hour. 9/15/2010 Intergraph CADWorx & Analysis Solutions 2 . Please use the Webinar dialog box to post your questions.Session overview Taking the task from piping design to piping engineering.

Piping designer responsibilities Designer locates equipment and then routes pipe between these positions using an established “pipe” specification – – – – – – – – The piping system is a unique pressure containment.g. flow rate Pipe specification (e. wall thickness) is based on design pressure & temperature Material based on service requirements q Hydraulic issues Spans between supports (deadweight sag) System stability y y Access / clearance Givens: Designer has established rules for basic layout 9/15/2010 Intergraph CADWorx & Analysis Solutions 3 . Pipe size is based on pressure drop.

and stress in the piping. 100 feet @ 170F 9/15/2010 Intergraph CADWorx & Analysis Solutions 4 .So what’s left for the piping engineer? Many systems require analysis to evaluate strain – Sources of thermal growth Pipe Equipment connections (vessels and equipment) – Other sources of strain Support settlement Support movement in marine piping Strain S i – – Load L d Stress S Evaluate pipe load as stress due to this strain Evaluate load on equipment directly Except for simple layouts. and not only for strain. the system response due to this strain is difficult to estimate Analysis yields a better estimate of pipe deflection. loads on pipe supports and equipment connections.

by Charles Becht IV.Designer “handoff” to engineering Many shops develop a “critical line list” to determine which piping layouts require additional engineering evaluation So.i Di D i temperature criteria: i b A l i by Rule Design by Analysis: • All DN 50 (NPS 2) and larger lines with a design differential temperature over 260°C (500°F) Design by Rule: • All DN 100 (NPS 4) and larger lines with a design differential temperature exceeding Minimum pressure thickness = (PD)/(2(SEW+PY)) 205°C (400°F) • All DN 200 (NPS 8) and larger lines with a design differential temperature exceeding 150°C (300°F) Design by Analysis: • All DN 300 (NPS 12) and larger lines with a design differential temperature exceeding Maximum stress due to pressure = Sh = (2/3)(yield stress) 90°C (200°F) Stress due to pressure = PD/2t • All DN 500 (NPS 20) and larger lines at any temperature • All DN 75 (NPS 3) Is PD/2t < Sh ? ( ) and larger lines connected to rotating equipment g g q p • All DN 100 (NPS 4) and larger lines connected to air fin heat exchangers Yes: OK • All DN 150 (NPS 6) and larger lines connected to tankage No: Redesign required • Double-wall piping with a design temperature differential between the inner and the outer pipe greater than 20°C (40°F) 9/15/2010 Intergraph CADWorx & Analysis Solutions 5 . according to the following line size/flexibility Design b R l vs.3. a move is made from “Design by Rule to “Design by Analysis” Design Rule” Design Analysis A where CAESAR II enters the picture This is sample “Critical Line List” from PROCESS PIPING: The Complete Guide to ASME B31. 2002 ======================================== • In the case of general piping systems. ASME PRESS. New York.

Four typical interests in “pipe stress analysis” Selecting and sizing supports Checking pipe deflection under load Verifying loads on connected equipment Evaluating pipe stress And not only for those strain-based loads… – – – – – – Deadweight Pressure Wind & wave Earthquake Hydraulic transients H d li t i t Vibration 9/15/2010 Intergraph CADWorx & Analysis Solutions 6 .

Creating a CAESAR II Model Start with a stress isometric or similar concept (the analog) Mark up the drawing for analysis Create the piping input model (a digital representation of that analog) 110 90 80 100 120 50 20 10 9/15/2010 Intergraph CADWorx & Analysis Solutions 7 .

Analog to digital Analog Digital representation 9/15/2010 Intergraph CADWorx & Analysis Solutions 8 .

2.CAESAR II Results 1. restraint load Pipe sag. horizontal deflection Equipment check Stress check – A few examples will illustrate… 9/15/2010 Intergraph CADWorx & Analysis Solutions 9 . 3. Hanger selection. 3 4.

Size Support Size this spring… What is the load on this steel? …to minimize this pump load 9/15/2010 Intergraph CADWorx & Analysis Solutions 10 .1.

Check Deflection How much d H h does thi elbow this lb move when the system heats up? 9/15/2010 Intergraph CADWorx & Analysis Solutions 11 .2.

Evaluate Equipment Load Is this compressor overloaded? Compressor Thermal Growth Anchor 9/15/2010 Intergraph CADWorx & Analysis Solutions 12 .3.

4. 9/15/2010 Intergraph CADWorx & Analysis Solutions 13 . Evaluate Pipe Stress This stub in connection is overstressed and will fail by fatigue over time.

Analyze and review TURBO 9/15/2010 Intergraph CADWorx & Analysis Solutions 14 .

Document Results 9/15/2010 Intergraph CADWorx & Analysis Solutions 15 .

Conclusion 9/15/2010 Intergraph CADWorx & Analysis Solutions 16 .

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