International

Well Control

Forum @ ISO: 9001/2000

Well

Intervention Units

Pressure Formula

Control Sheet

API (Field)

Abbreviations bbl/ft bbl/min bbl/stroke BHP ft ppg psi psi/ft SIWHP MD TVD 0.052

Used in this Document (US) per foot (US) per stroke Hole Pressure

= = = = = = = = = = = =

Barrels Barrels Bottom Feet

Barrels (US) per minute

Pounds per gallon Pounds per square inch Pounds per square inch per foot Shut in Well Head Pressure Measured Depth depth True vertical

Constant factor

1.

PRESSURE GRADIENT (psi/ft)

Fluid Density (ppg) x 0.052

2.

FLUID DENSITY

(ppg)

Hydrostatic Pressure (psi)
TVD (ft)

x 0.052

3.

HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE (psi)
1,(,_""

Fluid Density (ppg) x 0.052 x TVD (ft) Or Pressure Gradient (psl/ft) x TVD (ft)

4.

FORMATION PRESSURE (psi)

Hydrostatic

Pressure (psi)

+ SIWHP (psi)

5.

TOTAL PRESSURE AT A GIVEN DEPTH IN A SHUT IN WELLBORE (psi/ft) (WHERE BHP FORMATION PRESSURE)

=

Hydrostatic

Pressure of Gas (psi)

+ Hydrostatic Pressure of Oil (psi) + SIWHP (psi)

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International Well Control Forum @ ISO: 9001/2000 6. TIME TO PUMP (minutes) a. Tubing Tubing Capacity (bbl/ft) x MD (ft) Pump Rate (bbl/min) Annulus Capacity (bbl/ft) x MD (ft) Pump Rate (bbl/rnin)

b. Annulus

7.

STROKESTO DISPLACE(Strokes) a. Tubing Tubing Capacity (bbl/ft) x MD (ft) Pump Displacement (bbl/stroke) Annulus Capacity (bbl/ft) x MD (ft) Pump Displacement (bbl/stroke)

b. Annulus

International Well Control Forum Inchbraoch House South Quay Montrose Angus DD10 9UA, Scotland,

Tel: 44-1674-678120 Fax: 44-1674-678125 Email: admin@iwcf.org site URL; http://www.iwcf.org Michael J. Cummins,

Internet

Secretary-General:

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IWCF-QA-WI7A

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SECTION ONE EXERCISE~ J. What is the primary purpose of a packer? a. To support the tubing b. To anchor the tubing )) To isolate the completion annulus. d. To hold the completion fluid in the annulus How does a packer create the annulus/tubing a. ~ c. d. 3. seal?

2.

By sealing off the tubing in the packer bore By isolating the annulus above the packer from the casing below the packer and the tubing By being located in a tieback receptacle By hydraulic control from surface

Name the two basic packer types. (2 answers) a. Bridge Plug Permanent Pump Through Retrievable Check Valve

)C

')Il(
e. 4.

c.

Which of the following is true about a retrievable packer? a. ~ c. d. e. Can be retrieved by milling Can only be retrieved with the completion tubing Can be set and retrieved by wireline Is fixed to the completion tubing Can only be retrieved with a special pulling tool

5.

Which of the following is true about a permanent packer?

%b. c. d. e. 6.

Can be retrieved by milling Can only be retrieved with the completion tubing Can be set and retrieved by wireline Is fixed to the completion tubing Can only be retrieved with a special pulling tool

What is the primary purpose of a sliding sleeve? a. b. ~ To close off the tubing bore To close off the annulus To provide communication between the tubing and annulus

Revised Jan 2005

b.7. Immediately above the packer Immediately below the packer Between the two packers 8. Differential Pressure A check valve in the gas lift valve The venturi effect across the port of the gas lift valve 12... A A A A A gas lift valve gate valve dummy valve chemical injection valve circulation valve Revised Jan 2005 . d. e.. What stops wellbore fluids entering the annulus through a gas lift valve in an SPM? a. ~ d.closed position? a. b.. . Unseat the packer Connect the annulus and tubing at surface Punch a hole in the tubing Pull the DHSV from its nipple Which of the following are true? (2 answers) a. ~ e. b.~ ~ c.j . ~ d. If a SPM is not in use as a circulating device. Where is a sliding sleeve normally positioned? .-u'" --. ~ c. what type of valve is installed in the side pocket as a positive closure from either direction? a. Check Check Check Check Check that that that that that the pressure rating of the SSD is correct the SSD is fully open before starting circulation the tailpipe is plugged before opening the SSD pressures are equalised across the SSD before opening the catcher is in place below the SSD before opening 9. Which of the following statements are true (2 answers) a. How can circulation be established if the SSD is stuck in the . ~ The The The The The SPM SPM SPM SPM SPM plugs the tubing is the receptacle for the DHSV is the receptacle for gas lift valves is the receptacle for downhole plugs can provide a means of communication between annulus and tubing 11. _.. 10.. ~ c.

b. a. f. a. What is the main reason for using tubing nipples? Y b. To To To To To close in the well to allow maintenance on the tree close in the well to shut in production control production rates prevent production in case the surface valves are opened too far close in the well in an emergency Y 14. Revised Jan 2005 . b. In place of the tubing safety valve To prevent flow from the annulus in gas lift wells To close off flow into the annulus in gas lift wells What is the primary reason that determines the setting depth ?f the DHSV? To prevent deliberate sabotage Is set as high as possible to reduce the inventory of wellbore fluids that might escape Is set below the depth where it can be damaged by surface impact or explosion Is set below crater depth from a blowout around the casing Is set as close to the packer as possible To prevent penetration of drilling tools from an adjacent well b. 16. Why is a DHSV used? a.6-d. ] 8. e. . 15. d. To receive flow control devices To reduce well flow For wireline depth control How are lock mandrels locked into nipples? a.] 3. With slips On No-Go shoulders With mandrel locking dogs in matching profiles With expanding rubber elements in the bore With elastomeric packings in the bore By metal to metal seals >:\ d. e. c. f. . From which direction does a DHSV prevent flow? Above Below Above and Below c. c. Why is an annulus safety valve installed? X d. 17.

f. 20. e. d. f. d. Yes No Which are the common types of DHSV? (2 answers) a. What type of closure mechanism DHSVs? (2 answers) X c. e. c. g. b. ~ Coiled Tubing retrievable Wireline retrievable Tubing retrievable Permanent Temporary is fitted to surface controlled wireline retrievable d. Differential pressure Ambient pressure Wireline retrievable Tubing retrievable Ball Flapper Automatic Revised Jan 2005 . c. ~. 21. b. What is the primary purpose of No-Go shoulders in nipples? X b. How do flow control devices seal within the nipple bore? a. With slips On No-Go shoulders With locking dogs in matching profiles With expanding rubber elements in the bore With elastomeric packings in the bore By metal to metal seals ¥ f. e. )( 22. a. . To To To To locate the correct lock mandrel prevent the tools falling out of the bottom of the tubing bear the load from the differential pressure across the plug lock the mandrel into the nipple Do DHSVs prevent flow in both directions? a.19. Which of the following DHSVs are surface controlled? (2 answers) a.(_ Poppet Flapper Plug Ball Sleeve Gate 24. 23.

d. a. W orkover the well Lock open the DHSV Lock open the DHSV and install an insert valve X 29. b. e. c. Simple Can be Can be Can be construction installed after running the completion removed to allow intervention work retrieved and replaced >K' Revised Jan 2005 .£. Wireline retrievable Tubing retrievable Ambient Pressure Differential Pressure What is the correct action to take to re-instate production in a well with a failed tubing retrievable DHSV? a. What type of closure mechanism is fitted to tubing retrievable DHSVs? (2 answers) J{ a. d. i.25. How is a tubing retrievable DHSV run in the open position? (2 answers) . 27. f. 28. b. c. e. f. 30. )K. Poppet Flapper Plug Ball Sleeve Gate Which of the following DHSV s are sub-surface controlled? (2 answers) )i{. 26. b. With pressure on the control line By using the lock open mechanism With a straddle set across the valve By keeping the tubing pressurised What is the main advantage of using wireline retrievable DHSV s? a. d. Differential pressure Ambient pressure Wireline retrievable Tubing retrievable Ball Flapper Automatic Which DHSV has the largest ID for the same tubing size? jIt. g." c. )I( c.

b. )K 34. e. Revised Jan 2005 . b. b.3l. How is a surface controlled wireline retrievable DHSV run in the open position? a. By By By By By allowing ambient temperature to return to normal running the opening tool opening up the well pressuring up above the valve pulling and redressing the valve normally made between the tubing and annulus? (2 35. a. d. How is the hydraulic retrievable DHSV? a. 33. Open the SSD Punch a hole in the tubing Connect the tubing and annulus on surface Install a circulation valve in the SPM How are sub-surface controlled DHSVs operated? (2 answers) By By By By By differential pressure ambient pressure hydraulic pressure a rise in the temperature of the wellbore fluids a fall in the temperature of the wellbore fluids c. 36. Through the hydraulic stab Through the open sliding sleeve Between the two packing stacks How is a sub-surface controlled DHSV re-opened? a. b. ~ e. e. d. What causes a sub-surface controlled DHSV to close? X c. Temperature Pressure Fluid density Coiled Tubing Wireline 32. How is temporary communication answers) .. c. c.a( )C. With With With With locked in hydraulic pressure a lock open sleeve a prong on the wireline running tool an automatic T device communication achieved m a surface controlled wire line '9< d.

It can be closed by applying pressure to the control line. It supports the weight of the top of the completion. It allows communication into the completion annulus through the control line ports(s).37. )< After closing. Any flow wing valve can be used to cut slickline. Where is a production packer normally positioned in the well? a. b. 38. Close to the tubing hanger. Half way between the tubing hanger and the perforations. Which of the following statements about Xmas trees is true? >< c d a Any swab valve can be used to cut slickline. c. It supports the weight of the production casing and completion. any Revised Jan 2005 . 37. The indicator shows how many turns have been made. All valves take 30 turns to open or close. The valve must be closed as tightly as possible. Which of the following statements about Xmas tree valves are true? (2 answers) jt b. d. It isolates the completion from the completion annulus. X 36. Any kill wing valve can be used to cut slickline. Below the bottom perforations. Which of the following statements about tubing hangers are true? (3 answers) X b d e ')!( )< g A plug can usually be set inside the hanger body. It allows communication from inside the completion to the completion annulus through the control line port(s). Above the top perforations. Counting the turns as the valve is opened or closed can show obstructions in front of the valve. d. a manual valve should be backed out by part of a turn. Some master valves can be used to cut slickline.

5 e L FWV KWV Cross Swab Valve s ~ ~ -2_ ssv Tree Cap Adaptor Flange /0 Choke l- Revised Jan 2005 .• 2 7 6 10----1 41 Given the drawing LMV UMV above. match the correct numbers to their descriptions.

2.) need the same well control barriers as those with natural flow? yi: b. b. It seals off the perforations It seals off at the swab valve It creates a 100 psi overbalance It seals off at the tubing hanger It seals off in the flow path )I:6. c. J'<t. )( ~ c. e. How does a plug stop flow? a. b. The warning tape around the work site Anything that prevents the flow of wellbore fluids An overbalanced fluid BOP locking stems A mechanical plug .-~ ~- SECTION TWO EXERCISES 1. b. f Positive and negative Pump open and pump closed Mechanical and fluid Overbalanced and underbalanced Primary and secondary Upper and lower 3. What is the defmition of a barrier? a. -d. e. How is a mechanical plug installed? (2 answers) Wellbore pressure closes it The flow closes it By the freeze method By Wireline. Coiled Tubing or Snubbing Control line pressure closes it Revised Jan 2005 . Yes No What does "positive plug" mean? a. 4. d. d. etc. a. )l( c. It prevents flow from above It prevents flow from below It prevents flow from both directions :e( 5. Which of the following describes the types of barrier? a. b. Do artificial lift wells (rod pump.

From which direction should a barrier be tested? a. 1. d. Revised Jan 2005 . 9. e. )}( J. d./ )l( Above Below It doesn't matter Direction of flow 11.e: 10.i.¥' d. b.8. Which of the following mechanical barriers can be installed by intervention methods? (6 answers) -j£ c. b.~ g. Wire line plug Pump through plug Circulating valve Differential valve Pump open plug Expendable plug Float valve Retainer Hi-Vis pill Orifice valve Pressure cycle plug Check valve Which of the following is a "closable barrier"? a.(. c. h. Tubing hanger plug Pump out plug BOP Packer Check valve '. What does "inflow test" mean? a.7. X X . Which of these are true about tubing plugs? (3 answers) ')I( b. ~. . d. . Check Check Check Check Check that that that that that the pressure rating is correct the pressures are equalised before setting contingency exists if solids might settle on the plug top the plug is to be installed as near the tree as possible the plug is holding pressure after setting . b. ). Applying pressure above a plug Applying pressure below a plug Bleeding off pressure above a plug Equalising pressure across a plug .

c. Yes No What should be pressure tested before starting to rig up intervention equipment? A b. b. b. Second and Third )l(.r 12. 13. (TVD 10250 ft. a. How does a mechanical barrier stop well flow? a. d. 18. The MD is 10525 ft. When is a column of fluid considered to be a barrier? a. d. Second line and Third line Primary. When the hydrostatic pressure is less than formation pressure When the hydrostatic pressure is equal to formation pressure When the hydrostatic pressure is greater than formation pressure X 17. If an inflow test cannot be performed. c. There will be a 250 psi overbalance at the formation There will be a 110 psi overbalance at the formation The formation will be balanced There will be a 110 psi underbalance at the formation There will be a 250 psi underbalance at the formation Which depth is used to calculate volumes? a. 15. What are the correct names for the different barrier classifications? a. A well is to be killed with 9. By By By By diverting the flow down the kill line applying a small overbalance closing off the flow path closing the Xmas tree valves r 14. e. First line. Which statement is true? X c. Xmas tree Tubing hanger Packer Annulus 16.) The formation pressure is 4950 psi. ~ TVD MD Revised Jan 2005 . d. Secondary and Tertiary First. should the device be pressure tested from above? X b.5 ppg brine.

. c. 20. b. which statements are true? (2 answers) )( b. ~ What does "underbalance" mean? The hydrostatic head of fluid is less than formation pressure The hydrostatic head of fluid is equal to formation pressure The hydrostatic head of fluid is greater than formation pressure b. How is kill fluid selected? a. Which depth is used to calculate hydrostatic pressure? TVD MD Which are common fluid barriers? (3 answers) ~ b. 25. Can a mixture of mechanical and fluid barriers be used? A:C. ~ b.o 19.( d. 23. By By By By calculating calculating calculating calculating acidity yield point viscosity hydrostatic pressure )K 24. Seawater l)iesel Brine Nitrogen Condensate Drilling mud -e: j. b. The hydrostatic head of fluid is less than formation pressure The hydrostatic head of fluid is equal to formation pressure The hydrostatic head of fluid is greater than formation pressure X 21. What does "overbalance" mean? a. c. Can cause damage to the valve Causes less hydraulic shock Reduces the risk of pressure locking the valve Can cause damage to equipment downstream of the valve Minimises the risk of damage to the valve Revised Jan 2005 )k: e. e. b. c. 22. Yes No When opening a valve that has pressure on one side only.

TVD) 9.26. more in the tubing then the annulus Why is it necessary to select the correct kill fluid? (2 answers) a. . MD (9245 ft. more in the tubing than the annulus 2000 psi.(- The The The The The UMV will seal around wireline LMV is not normally used swab valve shuts off all flow from the well valves can be damaged if closed on wire. ~ b. ~ 30. c. 29.. When shutting in a well at the tree.0 ppg brine 0. )1'( e. e. 850 psi. a.. d. J. TVD) 10180 ft. 2000 psi. What is the pressure differential between the tubing and the annulus at the underside of the tubing hanger? a. Total depth Packer depth Annulus fluid Gas gradient SIWHP 12540 ft.2 psi/ft.flc:' . more in the tubing than the annulus 1385 psi. etc. c. 28.£ b. y~ 27. MD (10950 ft. more in the annulus than the tubing 850 psi. b. c. UMV is normally used Is it considered good practice to always have more than one barrier available? -. more in the annulus than the tubing 1385 psi. To To To To To enable a lower kill pump rate minimise formation overpressure enable a higher kill pump rate ensure formation fluid compatibility reduce annulus losses Revised Jan 2005 . pipe. Yes No Which type of barrier is a fluid barrier? Primary Secondary Tertiary A gas well has the following information. more in the annulus than the tubing 2000 psi. which of the following are true? (3 answers) )xl' c.

Identify the barrier elements (the envelope) in this drawing that contain well pressure. (5 answers) Tubing hanger/spool c Tubing spool outlet valves Production tubing Completion fluid Well fluids Casing below the packer Packer ~----V.31.~ Tubing Hanger I Hanger Spool Tubing Spool Outlet Valves e f Revised Jan 2005 .J:.

4180 . calculate the total annular volume above the packer.7723 2.5837 16. b.2953 . From the following data of a gas well. Place your answer in the box provided.0138 20.0642 .1159 18.5/8 9. Ft.3246 3. y '-' Revised Jan 2005 . .5819 Int50 9. b.3468 . During an intervention operation it becomes necessary to kill the well.0526 . 3000 psi.2728 Lin. ' . 2.3385 .8228 16.4400 15.6658 Bbls. / a.00 53. per Lin.057}' :0552 .30 32.5/8 9. Well data: From the table below. per Bbl. ft. What is the correct rated working pressure for the wellhead equipment? a.0892 3.0486 Lin. Volumetric Forward circulation Wait and Weight Bullheading Concurrent Casing9.32.50 58.00 43.570 psi/ft. answer the questions below.5/8 9.00 40.30 36. ft.0745 .3865 3.5/8 9. .50 47. c.8835 2. ft. per Cu.112" Packer at 9750 ft MD (9120 ft.3607 .0632 .3900 2.9542 3.5/8 9. ft. Tubing 3. 13.3237 .0603 ".40 61.3308 . 5000 psi. Annular volume between 3 Yz" Tubing and casing or open hole ODcasing or open hole Ibs.1812 16.5/8 bbls 34. ft.2258 3. e. TVD) .0536 . Well depth Formation gradient Gas gradient 9150 ft MD (7900 ft. b. per foot OH 29.9779 17. per Lin. 0.O~9.5/8" 47.5/8 9.0 ppf .3008 . What is the formation pressure? What will be maximum surface pressure1 S {j 7- I ~f s.5/8 9.08 psi/ft.3310 18.5763 15.a( 33.10 71.5/8 9. 2000 psi.0618 .8200 2.3100 .80 Cu. .5/8 9.5/8 9.0229 3.6660 19.3546 . TVD) 0. Which is the most appropriate kill method? a.

d. 36. 2860 strokes 3200 strokes 3690 strokes X " J 35.01190 bbllft.34 (continued) It will be required to kill the well. 1.00829 bbllft. e.~ 1. 1845 strokes 830 strokes 2860 strokes How many strokes to displace the entire wellbore? k. d. 0. (closed end) Pump displacement Tubing shoe at 0. Casing capacity Tubing capacity Tubing displ. a. which is the most appropriate kill method? )1( c.0899 bbllstroke / 9000ft. b. What brine density is required? A f. TVD V How many strokes to displace the tubing string? g. In a planned well kill operation. Volumetric Forward circulation Wait and Weight Lubricate and Bleed Concurrent A Revised Jan 2005 . e.0ppg 11. . MD 7800ft. 10. 0. what would be the most appropriate kill method to use? a.5 ppg Given the following additional data.\/ 0. answer the questions below.04049 bbllft.5 ppg 11. c. Concurrent Reverse circulation Wait and Weight Forward circulation Volumetric In an emergency situation where it is not possible to bullhead.

~ d. e. A A A A A well well well well well that has stopped flowing because of sand and scale in the wellbore with a packer setting plug stuck in the tailpipe with an SSD that is stuck closed with the DHSV stuck in the open position with severely collapsed casing just above the perforations X. Can only be done if the perforations are open Can be done before the intervention work starts when there is a Two Way Check Valve in the tubing hanger Can possibly plug the formation Is normally done in preference to opening the SSD Is more difficult to perform than the bleed and lubricate method Revised Jan 2005 . Ji'. b. d.. ~ e. c.~ d. e. e. Which of the following statements about bullheading are true? (2 answers) . 40. Rated working pressure of the surface equipment Completion tubing collapse pressure Blind ram position Formation permeability Type of tool string in use In which of the following would Bullheading be more likely to be used than Lubricate and Bleed? (2 answers) a..37. Surface pressures remain lower Less risk of formation damage It is slow Wireline work is involved Debris can plug the formation The tubing and annulus end up with clean kill fluid All wells can normally be killed with this method Which of the following determine whether it is possible to bullhead? (2 answers) ::c( b. A well Where Where Where A well with a failed DHSV that cannot be pulled speed is important there is not enough information to calculate a reverse circulation kill there is a risk of formation damage with a packer setting plug stuck in the tailpipe 41. Which of the following are the main advantages ofa reverse circulation kill? (4 answers) )( X ."'~ i£ b. In which ofthe following situations is bullheading most likely to be used to kill the well? (3 answers) ~ ~ . c./f~: 38. 39. e.

I . <. Is performed by bleeding off the wellhead pressure to zero and circulating the tubing to kill fluid. c. I Dji--""" J / - ~ . Given the following data: Tubing depth Tubing capacity Annular capacity Pump rate a.. 1... There is oil and gas inside the completion. 44. E '<. 500 I . The kill graph below shows the pressures during a reverse circulation kill. 8750 ft.....00970 bbIlft.42. Is performed by repeatedly bleeding off a small amount of pressure and then pumping a small amount ofkill fluid. ' o c o 200 B / 600 800 """ 1000 -.. I I I Annulus 1000 pressure r-. b.. 2500 .r-. 1 1 I I 2000 Tubing head pressure t A 1500 Surface Pressure (psi) / / J " . -. TVD) 0.. The tubing and casing IDs and ODs do not vary. ~ F" 1200 400 .00387 bbIlft. Which of the following best describes Lubricate and Bleed? a. Calculate the time for a complete circulation. MD (8125 ft. Calculate the time to pump bottoms up. Is performed by pumping a tubing volume of kill fluid and then bleeding off the wellhead pressure to zero. i .. 0...25 bpm. I ! I I i I ! I ! IotS1 . 43. I . I -. Is performed by bleeding off the wellhead pressure to zero and topping up the tubing with kill fluid.. b. The kill fluid being pumped is lighter than the completion fluid in the annulus..

~ f. ". f a. What is the annulus pressure after pumping 200 bbls. d.? (. f d. ~ 48. What is the total volume of the well? )1-u bbls.. man) Well Services Supervisor Production Supervisor intervention crew supervisor intervention equipment operator b. What is the tubing pressure at the start of the kill? I & r. b. /' . Which of the following actions can help prevent or remove hydrates? (3 answers) . Which of the following statements are true? (2 answers) a. C are necessary for hydrate formation Hydrates only form if there is free water present Hydrates are less likely to form if injecting Glycol For the same pressure. b pst What is the tubing pressure after pumping 200 bbls.. e. c.S D pSI. ~ 1< I Bleeding gas quickly from surface equipment Using a water/glycol mix for pressure testing Pressure testing to no more than shut in pressure Raising the temperature of the affected equipment Injecting methanol into the affected equipment 47.44 (continued) a. "'\ c. Who shuts in the well and makes the job safe if there is a problem during an intervention operation? a. Temperatures below 0 deg.." h. The The The The The Operator rep. l' g. Losses always occur in the lowest formation zone Losses always occur in the highest formation zone Losses can occur in any formation zone Losses can occur in one zone whilst another is producing Pumping a heavy fluid will cure losses 46. i' e. '" }h e... (Co. Answer the following questions True of False. At what point does the kill fluid fill the annulus and the completion fluid completely fill the tubing? A 45.t.? 0 psi. c.{ a. c. hydrates disperse at the same temperature as they formed Hydrates are common downstream of chokes Hydrates will form at low pressures rather than high pressures Hydrates can cause damage if they become loose Revised Jan 2005 . B C D F D b.

and the Wen Services Supervisor have a meeting during the incident with the mud engineer to seek advise on the best well kill method ~ c. bleed off pressure above it. encourage feedback. d.. Get all those involved in the work to attend the meeting before the work starts and explain to them exactly what will happen during the job. Which of the following actions can help remove hydrates after they have formedj (3 answers) a. and the Well Services Supervisor have a meeting during the incident to learn from the office management response team how they wish the problem solved The intervention crew. open the connection above the BOP and clear the hydrates Inject Methanol Try to warm up the 'equipment with a steam cleaner. the operator rep. c. and the Well Services Supervisor have a meeting during the incident to decide how best to bring the well back under controL The intervention crew. Explain that there can be no deviations from this plan. Get all those involved in the work to attend the meeting before the work starts and read them the office management team plan. The intervention crew. Which of the following best describes a good toolbox meeting? a. the operator rep. Get all those involved in the work to attend the meeting before the work starts and go through the plan. ~. J:P? ')( £ 50. 51. Use the Xmas tree as the primary barrier at all times Hold pre-job meetings with all persons involved in the work Always call the Well Services Supervisor before shutting in Ensure the Well Services Supervisor stays at the well site at all times Ensure crews understand what to do in the event of a problem Use tested. the operator rep. Pull out of the hole and fill the surface equipment with diesel Check for external ice to find the location of the hydrates Close the lowest BOP. adjust the plan if required and ensure everyone understands properly.b( c. inspected and properly maintained equipment only During a well control incident. and the Well Services Supervisor have had a pre-job meeting to decide roles and responsibilities for shutting in and controlling the well if an incident occurs The intervention crew. etc. Revised Jan 2005 . Work the pipe or wire up and down whilst bleeding surface pressure.49. the operator rep.t( c. d. ~. . 52. which one of the following is correct? a. a. Which of the following are required for the smooth and safe running of an operation? (3 answers) .

The well has been shut in. d. ~ d. 55. more in the annulus than the tubing Before removing the Xmas tree from a producing well. A well control problem has occurred. more in the annulus than the tubing There is 253 psi. man) and wait for the shift to finish. a test is not required Revised Jan 2005 . 1000 psi. Calculate the differential pressure that exists across the sleeve before it is opened. d.53. g. a deep-set positive plug has to be set in the nipple below the packer. e. X 54. Hold a meeting with all those involved in the work and form a plan. what is the correct first action to test it? a. Pressure up on the annulus Pressure up on the tubing Bleed down tubing pressure If the wellhead pressure is static. more in the tubing than the annulus There is 300 psi. c. f.8 ppg. A second plug will be set in the tubing hanger before removing the tree. Invite comment from the office management team b. TVD 11000 ft. Contact the local emergency services and get them on standby. more in the tubing than the annulus There is 253 psi. more in the tubing than the annulus There is 23 psi.0ppg. MD 8550 ft. Read the plan from the office management response team and call them to seek directions. MD 8750 ft. MD 8600 ft. A producing oil well has been shut in and the SSD is to be opened before killing the well. TVD / v 10950 ft. (Co. The tubing and annulus are in balance There is 23 psi. End of Tubing Packer depth SSD depth Completion fluid density Oil density SIWHP a. ~ 11350 ft. Delegate the problem to the operator rep. Monitor the well while evacuating the crew. After setting the first plug. What is the next course of action? a. 6. c. more in the annulus than the tubing There is 300 psi. TVD 9.

A production well is to be shut in after pulling out of the hole with the intervention tool string. e. across it. 57. c. The sleeve has just been closed with the tubing full of diesel and the annulus full of brine. d.. d. b. 't- i Revised Jan 2005 . c. Which of these statements are true about opening this valve? (2 answers) The mechanical force required to tum the handle can damage or break the stem The high differential pressure assists the gate movement when opening Pressure on only one side of the valve reduces the chance of it being pressure locked The equalising poppet in the gate equalises the pressure as the gate starts to move The sudden pressure surge on opening can damage piping and equipment downstream b.. The tubing is open to the perforations. A newly completed well has a sliding sleeve (SSD) just above the packer. A closed gate valve has a differential of2500 psi. How should the SSD be tested to ensure it is closed? a. f. )l(. Flow the well Pressure up the annulus Bleed down the annulus Bleed down the tubing )( c. 56. Close Close Close Close Close Close the the the the the the LMV LMV while counting turns Swab valve Swab valve while counting turns DHSV DHSV while measuring returns 58. Which is the first correct action? a.

Which of these factors limit the maximumo. Completion size Maximum pump speed SIWHP Maximum safe working pressure of the surface equipment Completion burst limits DHSV operating pressure Possible formation fracture l L.r A. The annular pressure loss (annular friction loss) will not be affected by an increase in pump rate The annular pressure loss (annular friction loss) will increase with an increase in pump rate The bottom hole circulating pressure (BHCP) will not be affected by an increase in pump rate The bottom hole circulating pressure (BHCP) will increase with an increase in pump rate Doubling the pump rate will double the pressure Doubling the pump rate will more than double the pressure Increasing the pump rate should not cause losses " It ~'\ t ". b.. <]9 _-- ¥ 60. d. e. via a choke. Which of the following statements are true about the pump rate to be used? (4 answers) a. Revised Jan 2005 . c. through the tree kill wing.1)" allowable surface pressure? (3 answers) t7 I a. / Initial SIWHP slowly falls Initial SIWHP slowly rises Initial SIWHP remains steady Annulus pressure slowly falls Annulus pressure slowly rises Annulus pressure remains steady -""'B_ / c. Fluid will be pumped down the pipe and returns taken.\ ~"~. c.g( Which of the following indicates that a gas cap may be forming in a live well that has just been shut in at the tree? a. i 1'. Increasing the pump rate may cause losses I I \ .<!".g. f.59. )if. A live well is to be killed by bullheading. )i::_ -.3/8" pipe has been run into a live producing well. 61. A string of2. f.

There are several hundred feet of open perforations and some zones are at a much lower pressure than the others are. A live production well has a lot of sand and scale in the casing below the perforations. The flow rate from a naturally flowing production well has been slowly and steadily reducing. The thief zone( s) may stop proper circulation back to surface Reverse circulation is best when there is a thief zone A high pump rate will be required to overcome any losses into the thief zone(s) It may be necessary to use a fluid containing LCM (lost circulation material). such as sized salt particles. e. b. What is the first correct action to take? a. A workstring is to be run through the completion to clean out the well to TD. Revised Jan 2005 . It is thought that there may be a blockage forming in the well bore. Which of the following statements is true? (2 answers) ~ b.62. e. to stop the losses into the thiefzone(s) The circulation system will have to permit pumping down the workstringlcompletion annulus and the completion/casing annulus at the same time to have enough flow rate to overcome any losses into the thief zone(s) 63. It has been checked that the tree valves and the DHSV are all fully open. Pressure up on the well to try to clear any blockage Bleed down the well to try to move the blockage Run a gauge cutter on wire line to look for the blockage Pressure up on the annulus to try and loosen the blockage Bleed down the annulus to try and loosen the blockage A d. c.

g. f.64. c. d. h. the possible barrier elements have each been identified with a letter. e. Answer the questions on the page following the schematic by placing a letter in each of the boxes provided. b. r. In the production well in the schematic below.a----- Tubing Hanger / Hanger Spool Tubing Spool Outlet Valves a. 1. Xmas Tree Tubing HangerlHanger Spool Tubing Spool Outlet Valves Production Tubing DHSV Overbalanced Completion Fluid Well Fluids Production Casing Packer Revised Jan 2005 .

65.0087 bbl/ft. What initially prevents the wellbore fluids from reaching the production casing? 69.0242 bbl/ft. Revised Jan 2005 . over formation pressure at all times during the kill. the annulus pressure falls with it. There is a leak in the tubing below the DHSV. the well schematic and the reverse circulation kill graph to answer the questions after the graph. There is a leak at the flange between the tubing hanger spool and the Xmas tree. There is a leak at the packer. Pressure has been observed in the completion annulus. There will be an overbalance of 200 psi. A leak at which two barrier elements could cause this? 66. 0. What can be closed to minimise this leak? 67. Tubing capacity Annular capacity Kill fluid 0. Friction pressure losses and any fluid losses to the formation are ignored. If the DHSV is closed and the wellhead pressure bled off.49 psi/ft. Which three barrier elements prevent any wellbore fluids escaping from the well? 68. Use the following data. 0.

C I. What is the annular volume to the sliding sleeve? Reverse Circulation 2500 Kill Graph Int62 ~ j:I. Completion Brine 0.D I.-. = - Top Perforation at 10000 Ft. At what point has all the gas just been circulated out? b L! Bob f 7'" b..... = 0.To Choke· :::.. EC-CHP <. 2000 1500 1000 500 ~ '" '" !:! := <. Form....L-.-- Ii-- . fluid E Annulus full kill fluid F Full circulation THP CHP Pumped pSI [psi bbl 2320 200 0 900 170 35 200 130 85 200 65 200 0 0 0 113 237 322 a. Grad. ~IWHP = 2120 Psi. Gas/Oil Contact 4000 Ft.. .1 -.. ---+-lHP 005 ..E F . What is the pressure at the sliding sleeve throughout the kill? c..-FromPnmp +-4..-.47 PsiIFt..... Tubing full compl.12 PsiIFt.47 PsiIFt.-Lt--Gas 0. 69 (Continued) Point Meaning A Start Pumping B C D Gas out Oil out.

6Ib/ft 0.69 (Continued) If the THP were kept at 100 psi. instead of 200 psi. from point C to point E.15 0. This pressure remains constant until point E. which of the following is true? X b.47 0.40 0. d. (point C).0152 bbls/ft Size: Weight: Capacity : 9-5/8 inch 471blft 0. The fluid level in the tubing has fallen The choke size remains unchanged while the oil is exiting the well The tubing stays filled with the old completion brine and there is no change in the hydrostatic pressure in the tubing.49 psi/ft psi/ft psilft psilft Transition from gas to oil inside tubing at 3000 ft Sliding sleeve at 9540 ft (in open position) Permanent packer at 9600 ft Top perforations at 9800 ft Formation Pressure: 4600 psi Closed-in Tubing Head Pressure (THP) : 1430 psi Closed-in Casing Head Pressure (CHP): 0 psi (fluid level at surface) Revised Jan 2005 . 70. the well is still overbalanced the well is now in balance the well is now underbalanced After pumping 85 bbls.. g. c. The gas is exiting the well and has stopped expanding further Well Data : Tubing: Casing: 4-1/2 inch Size: Weight: Capacity : 12. the THP stabilises at 200 psi.0489 bbls/ft Brine in annulus: Oil in tubing/casing : Gas in tubing: Kill fluid: 0.0732 bbls/ft Capacity between tubing and casing: Gradients: 0. What is the reason for this? e.

~ .61b/ft 01S- L ~"'\s/r. 47lb/ft 9540 ft Sleeve ~!!iif Permanent Packer @ 9600 ft op Perforations @ 9800 ft Formation Pressure 4600 psi Figure DIA1 Figure DIAl shows the configuration of the well and Figure WEI shows a reverse circulation kill graph that has been generated for a constant IDIOD tubing containing gas and oil with a completion brine in the annulus. 'r I ~\ f--Casing.\.e ~r---+--(~.r----To Pump (CHP = 0 psi) 0. Gas/Oil Level @ 3000 ft 4t.\_ 0. " inch.. During the entire kill we maintain an overbalance of 150 psi above the formation pressure at top perforations..J.9-5/8 '"" Vf 1. Revised Jan 2005 . M---+---~SCV 4-1/2 inch. t===::=I---t--'Tubing. 12.. :.~.\ l' i.

~ {C 2 points Answer: 4~-t.~ r':"'jt t :::.Reverse Well Control Kill Graph ~ 2000 Eo -~<~~~-~-<"~-~--"~"~----~--. 1c.' r $.t1 b '1"'1.I i :t.-'. After having pumped 145 bbls of kill fluid. the tubing head pressure now stabilises at 144 psi (point C ..'t.Figure WEI).~~--+_-+--+--4--~~~~ ~ j_~!tr==i=~·t"==t~==~~~=t==j=~t=~-612 367 467 o 46 145 Volume Pumped [bbls] Volume Pumped [bbls] Tubing Head Pressure [psi] Casing Head Pressure fpsil Point on Graph 0 1580 150 A 46 602 126 145 144 85 C 367 144 0 D 467 144 0 E 612 0 0 B F 1a.. The gas is coming out of the well is not expanding anymore. o'q i\.::::::::C:::::::=::I===.T-'-~~i~! ~ 1500 e 1000 ': <. b. This pressure remains unchanged until we have pumped 467 bbls (point E .. What is the Pressure at the sliding sleeve during the reverse well kill? ~ )tp)H. 0. What is the total volume of the annulus between wellhead and sliding sleeve? Answer: Li u: ~\..} Y 2 points "1>&( c f=l::- Revised Jan 2005 .Figure WE 1). + t>=tr:pS.\..-::. The oil is coming out of the well and the choke opening remains unchanged. The tubing is filled with original completion brine and the hydrostatic head remains unchanged."--.--4--+----+--J--I---+-+---+---:--f------{ U 500 0 +--4--~--~~~~~. X d.y. ~'Y~Li L?1" 1b. \1> -~-CHP -+-THP -+---+--p. What is the reason for this stabilisation of pressure at 144 psi? 2 points a.Figure WE1 .--. ----'..V" 0. The fluid level in the tubing has dropped to below surface.'4 .

Revised Jan 2005 . Point A. G 2 points CP~inLD Point D.1d. Point E. the well will be in underbalance. Point F. ~cd' I'Q -s- '2 points True. Point B. ~ 1e. Ifthe tubing head pressure between point C and point D (Figure WE1) is kept at 100 psi instead of 150 psi. At what point (Figure WE1) does the new kill fluid fill part of the annulus and has all the gas and oil just been displaced out of the tubing string.

MD. psi. TVD. 9. 3. NOTE: *delete one of these choices.5 ppg brine. MD. MD. overbalance/~e*. TVD. 2. TVD. 10100ft. NOTE: *delete one of these choices. Calculate the resulting overbalance or underbalance at the formation. 9ppg.}. overbalance/~e*. There is a full column of the fluid. Answer = ">q. 5. The well is to be killed with the brine stated.5 ppg brine. Calculate the resulting overbalance or underbalance at the formation. The well is to be killed with the brine stated. Well details 12950ft. 11000ft.Well Intervention Well Control ]. PF=5815 psi. Answer = !5 \ psi. Well details 10500ft. 11000ft. Calculate the hydrostatic pressure of the following fluid. Answer = 91'[ (" ~ pSI. There is a full column of the fluid. TVD. 9~80ft.t\ psi. 10 ppg. PF=4955 psi. Well details 13200ft. There is a full column of the fluid. . 4. Well details 13200ft. 10. MD. :fit. TVD. Calculate the hydrostatic pressure of the following fluid. MD. 11 ppg. Answer = S q "1'. Calculate the hydrostatic pressure of the following fluid. lO100ft. Well details 10500ft. Answer = >) l0 pSI.

.0 ppg brine.510 psi/ft.075 psi/ft. The well is to be killed with the brine stated. 6 psi. calculate 1) The BHP (= Formation Pressure) 2) The maximum surface shut-in pressure (SIWHP) Well details 13200ft. 7. MD. Formation gradient 0. 9580ft. 9. MD. Calculate the resulting overbalance or underbalance at the formation. TVD. From the following data for a shut-in gas well. Formation gradient 0.'1 psi. Answer BHP = 5(.485 psi/ft. ' Answer BHP =J1l--"lL..Well Intervention Well Control 6. Formation gradient 0. TVD. MD. P~5025 psi. Well details 12950ft. From the following data for a shut-in gas well. 11000ft. SIWHP = Lio?.495 psi/ft. calculate 1) The BHP (= Formation Pressure) 2) The maximum surface shut-in pressure (SIWHP) Well details 12950ft./0 psi.070 psi/ft. 9580ft.: Gas gradient 0. 10."$.o¥efbalam::-e/underbalance*. NOTE: *delete one of these choices. From the following data for a shut-in gas well. 10100ft. Gas gradient 0. TVD. Answer = -4 3. SIWHP = 4+-30 psi.080 psi/ft. MD. [psi. TVD. Gas gradient 0. calculate 1) The BHP (= Formation Pressure) 2) The maximum surface shut-in pressure (SIWHP) Well details 10500ft. Answer 8.

Wellbore = b"J tb strokes. TVD Csg. Well details 10500f1. Calculate the brine weight required to kill the well with 0 psi overbalance/underbalance. capacity 0. Pump output 0. Wellbore = 5""i\ 5 strokes. Calculate Well details a) How many strokes to displace the tubing string. TVD. 0. capacity 0. MD. 10100ft.01065 bbl/ft.00829 bbllft.0813 bbl/stroke Tubing = IO~O. Tubing end at 13200fLMD. Tbg. capacity 0. closed end displ. BHP cPF) 4580 psi Answer = Ij. b) How many strokes to displace the whole wellbore. BHP cPF) 5490 psi Answer = . Calculate the brine weight required to kill the well with 0 psi overbalance/underbalance. I'3 ppg. TVD. Pump output 0. 14. 11000ft.01216 bbl/ft.0899 bbl/stroke Tubing Answer = IlrO) strokes. 11. Answer 6 strokes. TVD Csg.00803 bbl/ft. 11000f1. capacity 0. Tbg.)' ppg. closed end displ.Well Intervention Well Control 10. . Well details 12950f1.05013 bbl/ft. 10100f1. b) How many strokes to displace the whole wellbore. MD. Well details 13200ft.9" ppg.MD. Tbg. 9580f1. Tubing end at 10500f1. MD. BHP cPF) 4885 psi.04815 bbllft. Calculate the brine weight required to kill the well with 0 psi overbalance/underbalance. 13. 0. 12. Answer = :J. Calculate Well details a) How many strokes to displace the tubing string. TVD. Tbg.

. Pump rate 1. Full eire. Btms. Pump rate 1.MD. TVD' Tbg. capacity 0. 16. V rnms. capacity 0..Well Intervention Well Control 15. ' or.lb mins. TVD Tbg. capacity 0. 10100ft.' .00455 bbl/ft. Full eire.00797 bbl/ft. capacity 0. Wellbore = ) ~~1j strokes. b) How many strokes to displace the whole wellbore. a) The time to pump bottoms up b) The time for a complete circulation Tubing end at 13200ft.MD..MD. capacity 0.. t mins.25 bpm. TVD Csg. Tbg. Calculate Well details a) The time to pump bottoms up b) The time for a complete circulation Tubing end at 10500ft.75 bpm.0877 bbl/stroke Tubing = 111- Answer r strokes. Btms. TVD Tbg.0] 190 bbl/ft.MD.00910 bbl/ft. = 15 \. " z. 9580ft. btl rnms. capacity 0. Pump rate 1. Btms. Pump output 0. capacity 0. 1l000ft.00387 bbl/ft. Up '. closed end displ.5 bpm. Up Answer 18. Up -j Answer 17. = 10').00425 bbl/ft. 0. Calculate Well details = 63. Ann. Tbg. \_1.1-0 mms. t Answer = 10 <-t. = :ro. 9580ft. Tubing end at ] 2950ft. () Ann. <on Ann. Calculate Well details = 1.7-!J nuns. Full eire.04049 bbllft.00970 bbl/ft.01010 bbl/ft. a) The time to pump bottoms up b) The time for a complete circulation Tubing end at 12950ft. capacity 0. Calculate Well details a) How many strokes to displace the tubing string.

MD 9750 ft.2 ppg. SSD depth Completion fluid density Oil density SIWHP 10000 ft.v\'v'v\\\'~) 7- psi. Q. Calculate the differential pressure that exists across the SSD before it is opened and the direction that it is acting. MD 9550 ft.. more in the than the V~\"l') 20. Calculate the differential pressure that exists across the SSD before it is opened and the direction that it is acting.\.I)'\.. more in the C\vvn\.1 '7 than the 21. There is +')~ psi.925 psi..4 ppg. ~")k&. MD 9600 ft.g 6. }OI.r\-~·i 6.JR 800 psi. TYD 9.0 ppg. S\ ')41.~'-· 6. '\ t-(Jl.8ppg..L 730 psi.) . SSD depth Completion fluid density Oil density SIWHP Thereis1-l~ 9950 ft.(.' :-.5 ppg. TYD 9. A. <\V\v""'\\}'J psi. 701-8 . SSD depth Completion fluid density Oil density SIWHP There is II') 10350 ft.ft \~H) . TYD 9. more in the than the . Calculate the differential pressure that exists across the SSD before it is opened and the direction that it is acting. 'tv~!.6 ppg.Well Intervention Well Control 19.

calculate the hydrostatic pressure of the following column of gas./1(l10QftrT\LD. 9580f1. There is a full column of the fluid.V psi.::::OIl = 0. Answer = btJl}i" psi. There is only oil & gas in the tubing and there is a full column of brine in the annulus. ~ '" Ii!. NOTE: *delete one of these choices. There is a full column of the fluid.. 10. Using the table on PlIO of the manual.. (. c Brine = 0. MD. SIWHP 1850 psi. = 51'11- L psi.7. Calculate the hydrostatic pressure of the following fluid. There is a full column of the fluid. ( [I"'" I). calculate the hydrostatic pressure of the following column of gas. Vt)O / (j L.~ C\.g::sap Sq.Well Intervention Well Control 1. c::. 11ppg. Well details 12950f1.318 psi/ft. SIWHP 3200 psi. to ~~t)-! PSl.D@ 10500f. calculate the hydrostatic pressure of the following column of gas." Well details 4500f1. . Well details lOSOOft. 10100f1.6. TVD. Using the table on PlIO of the manual.465 psi/ft. CF z: I. SITHP 850 psi. MD.t. SIWHP 2625 psi. gas cap SG 0.5 ppg. Answer = "i ':l g I._tAnswer = 7.8.' psi. Answer = ?J &~ pSI. Calculate the hydrostatic pressure of the following fluid. 5.-··'"-""-~". 'I.7. ~OOO~1_:.D.f·=J_ICI~ Well details 6500ft. x W w'''' pSI. Answer = increaseMeerease* SITHP by FA"l. !. Well details 13200f1. gas cap SG 0.. . 6. 4. Calculate the hydrostatic pressure of the following fluid. MD. Well details SS. TVD. Calculate what should be done to the SITHP in order to equalise across the SSD before opening it. MD. Using the table on PI1 0 of the manual. I L~) Well details 5000f1. 3. 11000f1. Answer 2. gas cap SG 0. TVD. 10 ppg. \ '!I'1t:.

Well Control Calculate what should be done to the SITHP in order to equalise across the SSD before opening it.( til 2' psi. TVD.. SITHP 2850 psi.Ci )G 8 1. Brine = 0. gas cap SG 0. PF=5015 psi. There is only oil & gas in the tubing and there is a full column of brine in the annulus.. The well is to be killed with the brine stated. MD. MD.375 psi/ft.386 psi/ft.~ 2.:) NOTE: *delete one of these choices.520 psi/ft. t. TVD. Well details 10500ft. i (" '1 ["c"T ""l- '7 \.--~ I 2. ( J(.. L~ S I . SITHP] 250 psi. MD. I (. Answer = 1--S a. Calculate the resulting overbalance or underbalance at the formation. t. NOTE: *delete one of these choices. 4500ft.8. MD. _ 'L \ 9.£. Well details SSD @ 12950ft. NOTE: *delete one of these choices.. to j_ Gil?' V' . .I I~ I-. Brine = 0. 3500ft. NOTE: *delete one of these choices. 10. et i. '-r ~} 1 • LfS'P.Well Intervention 8. z- ~ tJ C. Oil = 0./ i') crvV' :: S b s: 7·(' The well is to be killed with the brine stated. ':t • (. There is only oil & gas in the tubing and there is a full column of brine in the annulus.S of' 10.. PF=4985 psi. Answer =~/decrease* SITHP by z.0 ppg brine. I?. TVD.t H .480 psi/ft. 11000ft. gas cap SG 0.q L. TVD. 9580ft.6. Well details SSD @ 13200ft. )' I 1 . l. 0¥@f9001rleeYunderbalance*.overbalance/eederbatzrrce". Calculate the resulting overbalance or underbalance at the formation. ~l' psi. 9. '7_'::'" \)'" psi. 11000ft. psi. 10100ft. Answer = i-oS psi.0 ppg brine... Answer = increase/decrease" SITHP by (LSD psi.Z . 11. to ql){f )~:! 'f ::: l ._G1 f(? t\ ~~'~ i.. Oil = 0.~L. Calculate what should be done to the SITHP in order to equalise across the SSD before opening it. Well details 13200ft.

070 psi/ft. From the following data for a shut-in gas well. 9580ft.·1 psi. TVD.Well Intervention Well Control 12.(1~ psi'.495. MD. 10100ft. SIWHP = ~ffr..080 psi/ft.075 psi/ft. TVD. . NOTE: "delete one of these choices. Pp=4910 psi. f'l' .Lj Cf §"e:.><::. ":=]-:"0 ff :. MD. TVD.I~ " 17. 9."1)" 15. Calculate the brine weight required to kill the well with 0 psi overbalance/underbalance. . Formation gradient 0.510 psi/ft. Gas gradient 0. Answer = . MD. BHP (PF) 5151 psi. Well details 10500ft. psi/ft.~ . Gas gradient 0. Answer = \1l. 11000ft. =. BHP = SI.. Gas gradient 0.ppg. 16.5 ppg brine. Formation gradient 0. Answer 14. Well details 13200ft. calculate 1) The BHP (= Formation Pressure) 2) The maximum surface shut-in pressure (SIWHP) Well details 12950ft.. Answer BHP = 1<'1$4.q '~l)S psi. MD. MD... 3 psi. calculate 1) The BHP (= Formation Pressure) 2) The maximum surface shut-in pressure (SIWHP) Well details 13200ft. 9580ft. TVD. Answer SIWHP = Lfh"t-C psi. TVD. Calculate the resulting overbalance or underbalance at the formation.465 psi/ft. ~e/underbalance*. TVD. ~& D 1.1 psi. calculate 1) The BHP (= Formation Pressure) 2) The maximum surface shut-in pressure (SIWHP) Well details 10500ft. BHP (PF) 5445 psi Answer = . }{. Formation gradient 0. 13.)")") SIWHP !H. 11000ft. 10100ft. Well details 12950ft. ~r. Calculate the brine weight required to kill the well with 0 psi overbalance/underbalance. MD. The well is to be killed with the brine stated. From the following data for a shut-in gas well. ~~~ ~ i~ if~ From the following data for a shut-in gas well.

Tubing end at 10500ft.5 = () \ a) How many strokes to displace the tubing string. Tbg.04815 bbl/ft.q mins. capacity 0.00803 bbllft. BHP (PF) 4455 psi Answer g._L. b) Tubing = 1'2. Tbg. TVD Csg.MD. Answer Btms.0') strokes. TVD Csg. Pump output 0. = 11.MD. 4€ mins. capacity 0.0877 bbl/stroke Tubing g"f strokes.MD. Pump output 0. b)How many strokes to displace the whole wellbore. Calculate the brine weight required to kill the well with 0 psi overbalance/underbalance.00970 bbllft. Wellbore = tOC). Tubing end at 12950ft.05129 bbl/ft. strokes. '10 a) strokes. MD. capacity 0. 9580ft. closed end displ.j3 strokes. capacity 0. 10100ft.MD.01216 bbl/ft. TVD Csg. Pump output 0.00387 bbl/ft.Well Intervention Well Control 18. 11000ft.0899 bbl/stroke Tubing t 19. Well details Tubing end at 13200ft. b) How many strokes to displace the whole wellbore. Tbg.07- -. capacity 0. . b) How many strokes to displace the whole wellbore. Full eire. capacity 0.Calculate Well details a) How many strokes to displace the tubing string. Answer 21 = 11. closed end displ. TVD Tbg. TVD. Well details 12950ft. Tbg. Tbg. capacity 0. 10100ft.00829 bbllft. 0. Pump rate l. Wellbore = 4-00 1.00797 bbl/ft.0813 bbllstroke Answer 22. closed end displ.04049 bbllft. Tbg. Wellbore = t-Z. 0. Ann.) strokes. Calculate Well details Answer 20 = Wt-( . .01065 bbl/ft.25 bpm. capacity 0. Calculate Well details The time to pump bottoms up The time for a complete circulation Tubing end at 10500ft. 0. Up = IS!.01190 bbl/ft.Calculate a) How many strokes to displace the tubing string. 9580ft.

9580ft. capacity 0.MD. . The time to pump bottoms up The time for a complete circulation Tubing end at 12950ft. Up Calculate Well details = B0 a) nuns. capacity 0. Full eire. TVD Tbg.01010 bbl/ft.Well Intervention Well Control 23. Pump rate 1." mms. a) NOTE: Assume forward circulation.C.00910 bbl/ft. Answer 24. Ann. capacity 0. capacity 0. b) Btms. mms. Ann.00403 bbl/ft. Pump rate 1.00425 bbl/ft.MD. Full eire. = \\ 8 mms. 11000ft. = /0<. b) Calculate Well details The time to pump bottoms up The time for a complete circulation Tubing end at 13200ft. Up = 1. Answer Btms. TVD Tbg.75 bpm.50 bpm.

4. b. Given the rig up on the right. 2.. Primary Secondary Revised Jan 2005 . Identify the barriers.. b.. d. Place a number in the box. The wire has now broken and been blown out of the hole.e. TheDHSV The BOP The stuffing box blow~ut plug The grease head check valve -. ~ Primary Secondary Tertiary 3. The toolstring is at TD. identify the barriers. which is the first barrier to operate? a. Primary Secondary Tertiary OJ Q I -Stuffing Box CD 5-DHSY-.r--SECTION THREE EXERCISES 1. If the slickline breaks and the wire is blown out of the hole. A shear/seal BOP (cutter valve or safety head) is which kind of barrier? a.

d. It does not matter which way up they are It suits the balance of the BOP That is how it holds pressure from below The lower ram contains the grease pressure not the well pressure X 8. why are the lower rams upside down? a. Good access to the BOP Least number of possible leak paths Easiest when working with large OD tool strings Least problems if full bore tools stuck across tree Maximises lubricator length Before rigging up the Slickline equipment. On a dual braided line BOP. )( d. leave it alone X 7.£. . c. d. Bleed off pressure above the BOP Kill the well Inflow test the BOP Note well pressure below the BOP Increase BOP closing pressure Screw in the manual locking stems on the BOP When would you need to install additional BOP(s)? If the primary BOP is leaking To gain greater lubricator length For fishing operations When working in highly deviated wells --t. d.5. Which is the correct course of action? a. Revised Jan 2005 . a. Everything is alright. b. 9. it is seen that the stuffing box gland nut (packing nut) is screwed all the way in. a. What does the equalising assembly on the BOP do? It allows It allows It allows It allows the internal pressure above and below the ram to be measured grease or chemicals to be injected into the BOP the pressure above the ram to be made the same as that below connection of the hydraulic hose for opening the BOP Which of the following must be done before breaking out the lubricator above the closed BOP? (3 answers) )ib. b. b.d. ~e'~~. Y( 6. it should be tight Back it out 3 turns to make it work Re-pack the stuffing box with new packing If it tests OK. e. 10. b. What are the advantages of having the BOP as close to the tree as possible? (3 answers) )l( 7'--c.

c. ~ e. Pressure test the rig up to a minimum of CITHP Ensure the lubricator is absolutely vertical Check that the seals and 0 rings on the equipment are in good order Check the equipment pressure rating is sufficient for the job Check that the hydraulic pump is connected Pressure test the lubricator 12. working pressure It has a 7. working pressure Ji< Revised Jan 2005 . shear/seal. a. What are the main reasons for using a BOP? (2 answers) a. It holds pressure from above only It holds pressure from below only It holds pressure from above or below Which of the following best describes a 7. d. flange? a.11. b. a. braided normal. a. b. c.1/16" 10000 psi. It is designed to have an RX gasket It has a 10000 psi. )x. Which of the following should be done before exposing any part of the surface pressure equipment rig up to well pressure? (3 answers)· )( b. test pressure and 5000 psi. 15. b. shear/seal Braided normal. working pressure It has a 7. braided inverted. .1116" OD and 10000 psi. To To To To provide better protection than the stuffmg box clean the wire when pulling out operate safely and contain the well pressure be able to repair any connection above the BOP . f. braided normal { 14. which is the usual correct ram configuration? (listed from the top down) Braided inverted. For braided line work.x 13.(( c. In which of the following situations would a BOP normally be used? To To To To catch the tools if the wire breaks repair the packing in the stuffmg box change the wireline tool clean the wire on pulling out Which of the following is true about a single BOP? y. shear/seal Shear/seal. braided inverted Braided normal. 16.1116" ID and 10000 psi. braided inverted.

. Body Coupling Quick union seals Top connection [2J IT] [!J IT] Needle Valve Collar Bottom connection GJ o Rings [}] IT] [IJ Revised Jan 2005 "( . 4 ~~ :------5 . match the correct numbers to their descriptions....17. ~----1 4----7 Given the drawing above.

Gland Nut Bleed/valve screw Quick union collar Grease nipple Bottom sub W W 0 UJ GJ W [J. 4----_ 3 1 Given the drawing above. Plunger Upper bushing/gland Packing Body Lower bushing/gland Sheave bracket IT_] rn . CD Revised Jan 2005 . match the correct numbers to their descriptions.18.J r-.

match the correct numbers to their descriptions. Xmas tree Grease control head Dual BOP Grease pump T piece UMV 0 D Riser Pack off pump LMV Lubricator Single BOP Flow wing valve [IJ CD 0 0 ~ 0 W [TI W W Revised Jan 2005 .19. 1 11 5-- _ IWE~f------ 7 6 Given the drawing above.

match the correct numbers to their descriptions. Given the drawing above.20. Grease inlet Grease outlet Grease head body Quick union collar Hydraulic packing nut Q D rn CD Q Hydraulic oil inlet Drain hose Bottom sub Flow tube CD [2J W CD Revised Jan 2005 .

Given the drawing above. match the correct numbers to their descriptions Top Connection Bottom sub Piston Top sub Quick union collar Stern Q ~ Equalising valve Ram inner seal Ram Injection point Outer seal Wire guide [i] W [2] [iU CD GJ CD [~] ~ UJ Revised Jan 2005 .21.

Type Dimension Trademark Serial number Size and pressure rating A leak is seen between the top two lubricator sections during a slickline job. What is the effect of fitting a 4. Which of the following statements best describes the procedure for testing the BOP after rigging up? a. fill stack. c. A braided line BOP was not tested before it was rigged up.22. e.~ /11.. install lubricator and stuffmg box. fill stack. close BOP and apply pressure from below BOP Install BOP on tree. . Install BOP on tree. e. The rated working pressure becomes 5000 psi. 'd. To clean the wire when pulling out of the hole To allow the cutter bar to be dropped To allow the toolstring to be changed To spool broken wire that has been fished back on to the drum After breaking the wire near the surface and it has fallen down hole Revised Jan 2005 . place test rod through BOP. close BOP and apply pressure from below BOP Install BOP on tree. What is the meaning of the term '6BX' when used to describe a flange? >( b c d e 24. fill stack. 25. rated working pressure BOP stack? a b The rated working pressure remains 10000 psi. close BOP and apply pressure from below BOP (I I 26. X 23.1116" x 5000 psi. close BOP and apply pressure through grease injection port Install BOP on tree. spool off braided line from winch with cable head attached. ~V DHSV )1(_ c. In which of the following situations might the slickline BOP have to be closed? a. place braided line through BOP. Which secondary barrier must be closed to allow the repair of this leak? a. b. xlover to a 10000 psi. Stuffmg box blowout plug BOP Swab Valve. The rated working pressure becomes 7500 psi. fill stack. )( d. d.

~ Below the BOPs Above the BOPs At the bottom of the grease head At the top of the grease head 29. What is the function of the Ball Check Valve (Safety Check Union)? a. b.. of wire have been lost downhole and will be fished using the braided line. The slickline BOP must be redressed with a braided line ram assembly before starting fishing A set of braided line BOPs must be added to the rig up before starting fishing The lubricator must be' changed out for one of a higher pressure rating before starting fishing It will probably be necessary to pick up extra lubricator section(s) before starting fishing The well must be killed before starting fishing In a braided line surface pressure equipment rig up. 3/16" braided line and open hole Which of the following statements are true about rigging up slickline? (2 answers) X ~ d. BOP stems not screwed all the way in may cause a leak from the BOP A damaged quick union '0' ring or seal surface may cause a leak A damaged lubricator needle valve or gauge connection may cause a leak A quick union made up only hand tight may cause a leak Revised Jan 2005 . The slickline tool string and 1000 Ft. where is the Ball Check Valve (Safety Check Union) positioned? a. c. e. a. b..108" slickline and 3/16" braided line are completely different BOP ram inner seals will usually close and seal on 0. a. 28.108" slickline and 3/16" braided line are usually the same part BOP ram inner seals for 0. Which of the following statements is correct? a.092" slickline. c. BOP ram inner seals for 0. 31. A dual-drum winch is being used that has both slickline and a braided fishing line. To clean the grease off the cable To act as a barrier between the grease and the wellbore fluids To keep the chemicals in the chemical injection sub To stop the well blowing out through the grease head if the cable breaks on surface ')l:.__ 30.27. Which of the following statements is correct? (2 answers) x c.

.32. SSR Silver Series Manual Single BOP Given the drawing above. When pressure testing the wireline rig up. The pressure must be applied as fast as possible to get the stuffmg box to seal properly The pressure must be applied slowly to avoid hitting the underside of the stuffmg box with the rope socket The pressure must be applied through the port in the side of the stuffmg box A set of 5000 psi WP equipment must always be tested to 5000 psi. which of the following statements is true? a. I Female Quick Union Ram (Wire) Guide Ram Inner Seal Ram Handle Equaliser Valve ~ I- 10 4 \ 10 I I 6? \\ . L I t I I I I 'I Revised Jan 2005 . d. match the correct numbers to their descriptions.-r I I I. Body Piston Rod Ram Outer Seal Male Quick Union End Cap Stem S \ l. c. 33.

match the correct numbers to their descriptions.34 SSR Silver Series Hydraulic Single BOP Given the drawing above. Ram Guide End Cap Hydraulic Cylinder Hyd. Connection (close) Handle Equaliser Valve Packing Unit Ram Outer Seal ~ ~ ~ [JjJ QJ rn [i£J IT] W ctJ U 0 W [LJ Revised Jan 2005 . Connection (open) Body Stem Female Quick Union Piston [!IJ W Ram Ram Inner Seal Male Quick Union Hyd.

braided line can be run with this rig up An additional single BOP dressed for braided line must be rigged up The BOP must be replaced with a dual braided line BOP An additional single BOP. Nothing. what changes must be made to the BOP's to run braided line? a. must be rigged up The slickline stuffmg box must be replaced with a grease head. No. b. e. dressed as a shear/blind. Revised Jan 2005 .35. Is it safe to use braided line with this rig up? Yes. Lubricator Sections ---I- 36. The drawing on the right represents a wire line rig up. A shear seal must be included in the rig up X d. f. Given the drawing above of a slickline rig up.

Given the drawing above.37. Spring Piston Bottom Sub Packing Nut Cylinder Body Sheave Bracket Hydraulic Connection G W Collar Packing Sheave Blow Out Plug Upper Gland Lower Gland [LJ [LJ QJ 8 GJ ~ Revised Jan 2005 . match the correct numbers to their descriptions.

39.38. )( d. b. After the packings have made a seal around the wire. The wellhead pressure pushing up on the pack off makes the seal around the cable The applied hydraulic pressure pushing up on the pack off makes the seal around the cable The grease being pumped into the flow tubes through the upper grease connection makes the seal around the cable The grease being pumped into the flow tubes through the lower grease connection makes the seal around the cable c. Which of the following statements is true about a slickline stuffmg box? a. Revised Jan 2005 . Which of the following statements is true about a braided line grease injection head? a. the applied hydraulic pressure can be bled down and the wellhead pressure will continue to maintain the seal The wellhead pressure acting on the lower bushing/gland makes the seal around the wire The packing nut or piston pushing down on the upper bushing/gland makes the seal around the wire The applied hydraulic pressure pushing up on the lower bushing/gland makes the seal around the wire b.

A shear/seal BOP (safety head) is which kind of barrier? a.SECTION FOUR EXERCISES 1. d. e. b. b. )i:_ 2. . What is the first thing to be done after connecting the hydraulic hoses to the BOPs? a. it is possible to pump down the annulus 6. it is easier to pump kill fluid It has less steps for emergency use After cutting the pipe.< d. Creates lower downhole pressures Lifts solids better when the annulus is large Cannot be done with regular BPVs Is done only when the pipe is stuck Is only done when running a mud motor and bit/mill What determines the maximum rated working pressure of a stripper? a. Primary Secondary Tertiary (2 answers) Which of the following statements are true about reverse circulation? X . side door. 3. radial) Pressure testing 4. When When When When working on high pressure wells it is not possible to use a stripper it is needed to seal around large OD BHAs it is needed to strip the coil into the well X d. Install the injector head Put all operating handles in 'neutral' to charge up the hoses Function test the BOPs Charge up the BOP accumulators X d. )( c. What are the main advantages of the Combi BOP over the Quad BOP? (2 answers) a. Why is an Annular BOP included in a rig up? a. Manufacturer's data for test pressure Manufacturer's data for working pressure Type of stripper (conventional. b. )1( e. a. 5. )K c. It is more flexible in use It is shorter After cutting the pipe.

Why is a shear/seal BOP (safety head) installed? a. b.. What are the main reasons for using a BOP? (2 answers) To To To To provide better protection than the stripper clean the pipe when pulling out operate safely and contain the well pressure be able to repair any connection above the BOP /--c: )Y.~ 7. -------2 Given the drawing above.. 9.. Energiser Lower bushing Upper bushing/split cap IT] [IJ Lock pins Packing insert Non extrusion ring GJ ~ ?' [jJ G 8.. a.. CT24 . match the correct numbers to their descriptions.. b. .. It is used instead of a Combi or Quad When it is required to seal around the pipe To provide extra shear capability When it is required to cut pipe without sealing the well X d..

match the correct drawing numbers to the descriptions. Given the three drawings above. Conventional stripper Side door stripper Radial stripper Q D [CJ .10.

12.. Hydraulic pressure upwards. does it assist the assembly to pack the stripper? )x:: b... Yes No .. d. i-oIIII----- Packing arrangement . is applied to the upper bushing and compresses the packing is applied to the lower bushing and compresses the packing alone packs the stripper is applied to the wellhead pressure port and compresses the Y c. Stripper retract port . Hydraulic pressure downwards.:----- Wellhead port pressure Given the drawing above.... If the wellhead pressure increases.11. Wellhead pressure Hydraulic pressure packing upwards. The stripper is packed.. answer the following What happens when the stripper is energised (packed)? a.

13.

Given the drawing above, answer the following What happens when the stripper is energised (packed)? Hydraulic pressure downwards. Hydraulic pressure upwards. Wellhead pressure Hydraulic pressure packing upwards. is applied to the upper bushing and compresses the packing is applied to the lower bushing and compresses the packing alone packs the stripper is applied to the wellhead pressure port and compresses the

b. c.
d.

14.

The stripper is packed. If the wellhead pressure increases, does it assist the assembly to retract the stripper?

X

a.

Yes No

15.

3

-----4

'------5
10

'------6

Given the drawing above, match the correct numbers to their descriptions. Pressure sensor port Pipe ram equalising valve Blind ram equalising valve Manual closing handJe Hydraulic actuator

8

Kill port Pipe ram Blind ram Slip ram Shear ram

0
~ ~

~

L2._j

D
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[=:i]

W
0

IT]

16.

What precautions must be taken when stripping through an annular BOP? (2 answers) a. b. Have a spare annular insert available Lubricate the pipe Monitor the annular operating pressure and the weight indicator When stripping the BHA, have the fishing diagram available Have the stripper set in the retract position

t
/"{.

e.

17.

From top to bottom, which is the correct order for the BHA? a. ~ c. d. Connector, bit. Connector, bit. Connector, bit. Connector, bit. check valve 1, release joint, check valve 2, circulating sub, motor, check valve 1, check valve 2, reJease joint, circulating sub, motor, release joint, check valve 1, check valve 2, circulating sub, motor, release joint, circulating sub, check valve 1, check valve 2, motor,

18.
6

5

2------------~~[JO
o
0 0

o

0

f-------r-~ ........ ~o._"

4

Given the drawing above, match the correct numbers to their descriptions. Pressure sensor port Hydraulic actuator Equalising valve

[TI IT]

Kill port Pipe/slip ram Shear/blind ram

~.

W

[2J

D

19.

Why are there check valves at the bottom of the coil? a. b. c. To So So To ensure that the BHA will not be exposed to pressure that the coil does not have to be pressure tested before running in that the coil does not collapse from the differential pressure maintain pressure control if the coil fails at surface

X
20.

What is the main advantage of flapper type check valves over ball and seat types?

><
d. 2l.
a.

a. b.

They They Balls They

close faster require less maintenance can be pumped through them are rated to higher pressure

What pressure is a new 10000 psi. BOP tested to before entering service? 10000 15000 17500 20000 psi. psi psi. psi.

~

c.
d.

Which rig up allows two barriers to be closed whilst repairing the leak? B 23. It holds pressure from above only It holds pressure from below only It holds pressure from above or below .)l( b. With both rig ups. The coil is in the hole when the choke line starts to leak. Which rig up is more suitable for high pressure work? A . A Stripper Choke line with HCR and Hydraulic Connector Stripper Hydraulic Connector Quad BOP Kill line to pump Annular BOP Annular BOP Shear/Seal Wellhead Wellhead CT32 a. The coil is in the hole when it breaks between the gooseneck and the reel. Which rig up allows securing the well and killing it by circulating down the coil and taking returns through the choke? A 24.22. Which of the following is true about a single BOP? y c. a. is it possible to change the packing in the stripper with the coil in the hole whilst maintaining two barriers? No 25.

a. The rated working pressure becomes 5000 psi.1/16" x 5000 psi. c. d. x/over to a 10000 psi. c.1/16" ID and 10000 psi. rated working pressure BOP stack? a. 27. is designed to have an RX gasket has a 10000 psi. . e. b. working pressure What is the effect of fitting a 4. flange? Which of the following best describes a 7. working pressure has a 7. Oxygen Air Nitrogen Carbon dioxide (C02) x: d. The rated working pressure becomes 7500 psi. X 29. working pressure has a 7. a.1116" OD and 10000 psi. The rated working pressure remains 10000 psi.1/16" It It It It X 28. Which gas is used to pre-charge accumulator bottles? a. b. Type Dimension Trademark Serial number Size and pressure rating b. Cuts the pipe without sealing off the hole Cuts the pipe whilst sealing off the hole Seals off the around the pipe 10000 psi. test pressure and 5000 psi.26. b. /' X What is the meaning of the term '6BX' when used to describe a flange? . Which of the following is true about the Blind/Shear rams? JJ< c. 30.

9 2 3 4--'~J. match the correct numbers to their descriptions.31.. Body Bonnet Packoff port Wear ring Vent Packer Sleeve Retract port Piston m G ~ ~ ~ ~ W CD CD ~ OJ . 5----~~~~~~ 6 Given the drawing above.

32. Given the drawing above. Closing chamber port Opening chamber port Opening chamber cover Packing unit Indicator port Body sleeve W G D Q Body Head Seals Wear plate Piston Ring groove [i] OJ o [l] [TI ~ D G . match the correct numbers to their descriptions.

Q 33. A c Given the four drawings above. match each of the check valves with their correct descriptions. Flapper Ball & Seat Dome Removable cartridge .

37. e. d. d. stripper and BOP On a land job. it is the frame that supports the injector head It is the equipment that is used to insert a long BRA through the injector head It is the equipment that is used to run a long BRA into the well 36. The reel valve will have to remain closed while pulling out of the hole to maintain proper coil internal well control There will be no mechanical barriers at the bottom of the coil while pulling out of the hole The coil can be pulled out of the hole in the normal way after successfully testing the check valves Reverse circulation will have to be continued while pulling out of the hole to maintain proper well control c. Which secondary barrier must be closed to allow the leak to be repaired? a. Conventional Side Door Radial Where is the shear/seal BOP (safety bead) normally located? a. With coil in the hole. Blind ram Pipe ram Swab valve UMV DRS V X c. c. The well remains live. c. 35. )(' On a semi-submersible. b. e. Which stripper has the packer replaced through the top? X b. it supports the weight of the injector head.34. Which of the following statements is the best description of a CT Deployment System? a. A ball has been dropped to open a circulating sub above the check valves and reverse circulation has been carried out. Above the stripper Between the stripper and the quad/combi On top of the riser Just above the tree It does not matter ")K' . c. it is noticed that the connection between the quad and the stripper is leaking. b. Which of the following statements is true? a. 38.

. A damaged ring gasket groove may cause a leak A quick union made up only hand tight may cause it to leak BOP stems not screwed all the way in may cause the BOP to Jeak A damaged '0' ring or seal surface may cause a leak Which of the following statements about shear/blind rams is true? X b. When rigged up on a live well as in the picture on the right. can the pipe rams be redressed with coil in the hole? X a.39. b. Blind ram Shear (cutter) ram Slip ram Pipe (tubing) ram Shear/Seal (safety head) ¥ . It is designed to cut the coil but may not cut BHA components It is designed to cut the coil and any BHA component Cutting action is assisted by the well bore pressure It is operated at 5000 psi. When rigging up coiled tubing on the well. c. c.:as e. which of the following statements are true? (2 answers) )<. d. )}(' 41. Yes No Stripper Tree Connection 40. hydraulic pressure Which of the following rams would normally be closed so that a worn stripper element can be changed out with pipe in the hole? (2 answers) a. 42. b.

Outside Inside Either side. Reel Quad Kill wing Kill Wing Flow Wing LMV 45. Through which connection should the tests be done? a. The blind rams and the safety head must be tested from the correct direction. d. a. on which side of the HCR should a manual valve be located? . which of the following statements is correct? a. it does not matter There is no need for a manual valve 44. X b.43.6. Lines from the pump are connected to the kill wing. the quad and the reel. When pressure testing the pipe rams on a quad BOP. c. CT has been rigged up on a live well as in the drawing on the right. When a choke line is attached to the stack with a remotely operated (HCR) valve. . d. They are normally connection They are normally They are normally on the test stump They are normally connection tested from below by pumping through the kill wing tested from below by pumping through the coil tested from below with the straight bar across them while (off the well) tested from below by pumping through the quad side fr." c.

D eTaS 46. Given the drawings above. Slip ram Shear/Blind ram BJind ram Pipe ram Pipe/Slip ram Shear ram . match the correct ram assemblies to their descriptions.

a pinhole in the coiled tubing is noticed as the pipe is coming out of the injector head.47. Close the slip and pipe rams and review the situation c. The well is live throughout the job and returns are being taken through an adjustable choke. What is the most likely correct first course of action to take in this situation? Continue pulling out but at an increased speed b. ~ At the At the Where Where inlet to the reel inlet to the separator the fluid exits the coil!completion annulus the fluid exits the completion/casing annulus + 48. ACT cleanout is being undertaken. B The drawing above is of a typical well servicing choke. While pulling out of the hole. < . Which is the inlet connection? 49. Where is the correct location for this choke? a. b. Bleed the internal coil pressure to zero a. and find out what the Operator policy is Run back in to place the leak below the stripper and review the situation e. Find the Well Services Supervisor/Company Rep.

50. )l~ Stripper guides Blind rams Slip rams Tubing rams Shear/seal rams Annular BOP Equalising valve . b. Which of the following may be indications that the CT string has parted? (two answers) a. X Which of the following items of pressure control equipment must be changed if the CT size is changed? (three answers) X 7:" e. 51. g. Inside chain tension changes SIWHP changes Pump pressure changes Weight indicator shows a sudden loss Stripper pressure changes 'ft::: e. f. b.

e.SECTION FIVE EXERCISES ]. ( 3. True PaIse Revised Jan 2005 . With the pipe in the hole. ~ d. a. Which of the following statements are true about reverse circulation? Creates lower downhole pressures Lifts solids better when the annulus is large Cannot be done with regular BPV s Is done only when the pipe is stuck Is only done when running a mud motor and bit/mill fi 7d.. Why is a bleed off line always used? a. the upper stripping BOP starts to leaf. Why is a fluid pump required? (5 answers) a. To To To To direct the wellbore fluids to the flare stack/pit if the BOPs fail. 6. bleed off trapped pressure between the stripping rams when running pipe allow pressure from the pump to equalise across the lower stripping BOP. Primary Secondary Tertiary (2 answers) r2. d.g. X a. Close the shear/seal BOP Kill the well Close the lower striping BOP and a safety BOP Close the blind/shear BOP 5. control the well when killing by circulating 4. The stripper rubber has to be energised with the hand pump. b. A shear/seal BOP (safety head) is which type of barrier? a. X JlC c._ h. ~ c. What is the first action to take to allow repair of the leak? a. b. ~ To To To To To To To To equalise pressure across the stripping BOPs kill the well if required apply pressure to close the stripping rams conduct through tubing pumping operations fill up the string running in pressure test the equipment circulate out hydrocarbons before rigging down pressure up the stripper rubber X -:.

1l. c.7. Primary Shear seal(safety head Pipe rams(safties Stripping rams Stripping rubber 9. a leak develops in the string. Secondary Tertiary X X X X A bleed off line is always connected to the stripping rams? J( b. secondary barriers or tertiary barriers? Place an 'X' in one box for each item. The seating nipple for the pump down plug is placed below the BPVs. a. It is connected above the top stripping ram and below the bottom stripping ram It is connected below the top stripping ram and above the bottom stripping ram It is connected above the top stripping ram and above the bottom stripping ram It is connected below the top stripping ram and below the bottom stripping ram y. ~ 12. r b. With the pipe in the hole. d. Bullhead kill fluid into the weJl through the tree Install the stabbing valve and close it Bullhead kill fluid into the well through the string Pump and seat the pump down plug 8. True False Which of the following is true regarding the equalising loop? a. 10. True False Revi sed Jan 2005 . What is the first action to take? a. Which of the following are primary barriers.:. )( c. b. True False The stripper bowl is attached to the bottom of the access window.

e. ~ e. in the 'light pipe' phase. Travelling slips and stationary heavies Travelling snubbers and stationary heavies Travelling snubbers and stationary snubbers X 16. Which of the following can be repaired safely with pipe in the hole? a. b. Which of the following best describes the reason for installing a shear/seal BOP (safety head)? a. Just below the stripper bowl Just below the stripping rams Just above the top safety ram Just above the tree/wellhead It does not matter Revised Jan 2005 . Which of the following most affect the depth of the baJance point? (3 answers) x jk(.13. b. f. / '''1(1 Wellhead pressure Fluid contents of pipe Speed of tripping pipe Pipe weight/foot Snub force used Size of stripper rubber r. ~ It is a back up for the shear/blind ram It is a back up in case the tree valves will not cut the pipe It ensures that any downhole component can be cut (2 answers) 14. b. A worn blind ram that does not seal when closed A worn safety ram that does not seal when closed A worn stripping ram that does not seal when closed A worn stripper rubber that is leaking X )i 15. c. c. which slips are used? a. ]7 Where is the shear/seal BOP usually located? a. When running in. b.

the pipe should be pulled out of the hole. d. When is the largest snubbing force acting on the pipe? )< b. True False 22. b. What is the primary purpose of an annular BOP? X c. When the first joint is going in When crossing the balance point When on bottom 19.18. Once the pump down plug has been seated in the nipple. a. ~ b. As a secondary blind ram To be able to seal around any size of downhole component As a back up to the stripping rams Instead of a stripper bowl 21. To provide better protection than the stripper To clean the pipe when pulling out To operate safely and contain the well pressure To be able to repair any connection above the BOP X 9Z Revised Jan 2005 . What are the main reasons for using a BOP? (2 answers) a. Yes No 20. d. Is it possible to operate the BOPs if the power pack fails? )< b.

Revised Jan 2005 . e. The choke is usually a fixed size orifice The choke is usually an adjustable one The choke is only used when a tool joint is being stripped through the annular 24. b. the surface equipment is to be pressure tested. e. '" d. Which of the following statements about a bleed off line with a built in choke is true? a. The choke is usually hydraulically controlled from the basket The choke and bleed off line is also used as the well kill line. Which of the following describe how the BPV s will be tested on the bottom of the pipe? (2 answers) a. The pipe must be held to stop it falling and hitting the swab valve The pipe must be held to stop it moving up or down Pumping into the stack from the kill line tests the BPVs A closed Trw valve must be made up onto the top of the pipe Pumping down the tubing tests the BPVs X ~ d.23. After rigging up and function testing.

- 10 Given the drawing above. match the correct numbers to their descriptions.25. 5 . Is it normal practice to have to change out the safety ram inner seals during a job? a. Yes No X Revised Jan 2005 . W Bleed off Stripper bowl Spacer spool GJ CD W Tree connection ~ 26. Safety ram Equalising loop Stripping rams Hanger flange OJ UJ i-.

900" pipe it is for the tapered string X. b. 28. of 1. which of the following is true? a. d.27.3/8".900" pipe to install the 1.900" rams in the bottom strippers only to install a second safety ram for the 1. With the stack as shown in the drawing above. EOUALIZER lOOP A string of 2. An obstruction was encountered in the tailpipe of the completion. It will be necessary It will be necessary It will be necessary The stack is fine as to install a second pair of stripping rams for the 1.900" below the 2. Is it normal practice to have to change out the stripping ram inner seals during a job? >< b. It will be necessary to pull out and prepare a tapered string with 1000 ft.3/8" pipe has been run to wash out sand in a well. Yes No Revised Jan 2005 .

It is intended to run in with a string of 2. ~ c. Can stripping ram inner seals be changed out with pipe in the hole if the safety rams are closed? :a< b. Revised Jan 2005 . When on bottom. Yes No 30. Cuts the pipe without sealing off the hole Cuts the pipe whilst sealing off the hole Seals off the around the pipe iX. 31. 33. ]5000 psi 17500 psi. 20000 psi. BOP tested to before entering service? a.3/8" pipe to wash out sand in a well. will it be possible to pump the fluids down the work string and take returns out of the flow wing? . c.29. 32. a. Which of the following is true about a single BOP? X c. It holds pressure from above only It holds pressure from below only It holds pressure from above or below Which of the following is true about the Blind/Shear rams? a. d.t_ b. The snubbing unit is rigged up on top of the Xmas tree and the SIWHP is 3500 psi. 10000 psi. Yes No What pressure is a new 10000 psi.

Oxygen Air Nitrogen Carbon dioxide (C02) Revised Jan 2005 . 35. It is designed to have an RX gasket It has a 10000 psi. c. 36. ~ The rated working pressure remains 10000 psi. ~: d.1/16" 10000 psi.1116" ID and 10000 psi. t. Type Dimension Trademark Serial number Size and pressure rating Which gas is used to pre-charge accumulator bottles? a. The rated working pressure becomes 5000 psi.est pressure and 5000 psi.1116" OD and 10000 psi. b. working pressure -><. c. flange? a. b. working pressure It has a 7. b. e. What is the effect of fitting a 4. Which of the following best describes a 7. The rated working pressure becomes 7500 psi. working pressure It has a 7.1116" x 5000 psi.34. x/over to a 10000 psi. 37. rated working pressure BOP stack? a.. d. What is the meaning of the term '61?X' when used to describe a flange? X b.

38.

Given the drawing above, match the correct numbers to their descriptions. Lower ram assembly Upper ram body Upper ram assembly

L W

CJ

Blade packer Top seal Side packer

[LJ
~

m

Revised Jan 2005

39.Given the drawing above, match the correct numbers to their descriptions. Closing port Opening port Pusher plate Packer insert Body Piston Top cover Ring groove

40.

Can the safety ram inner seals be changed out with pipe in the hole? a. Yes No

y<
4l.

It is intended to run in hole with a string of 2.3/8" pipe to wash out sand in a well. The snubbing unit is rigged up on top of the tree and the initial SIWHP is 3500 psi. Which of the following containment devices will be the primary barrier whilst running in? a. Stripper rubber Stripping rams Annular Safety ram Shear/blind ram

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c. d. e.

Revised Jan 2005

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Given the drawing above, match the correct numbers to their descriptions. Opening chamber port Closing chamber port Opening chamber cover Piston indicator port Latched head mechanism Packing unit [[_] [[] Body Seal Head Piston Ring groove Wear plate

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Given the drawing above.43. match the correct numbers to their descriptions. Opening chamber Packing unit Piston Screwed head Body Closing chamber port W ~\ CD OJ [0 [SJ Revised Jan 2005 .

seat it and then continue with the work Install the full opening safety valve and then continue with the work Install the full opening safety valve. Half way through washing out. of pipe in the done before continuing to pull a. 46. above the BHA hole). b. X 47. Continue pulling out as there is no problem with a small leak at this depth Continue pulling out using the stripping rams instead of the stripper rubber Drop the pump down plug and seat it in its nipple Kill the well Set a wireline run bridge plug in the joint above the leak What precautions must be taken when stripping through an annular BOP? (2 answers) a. Annular BOP Safety BOP Swab valve UMV DHSV workstring and the stabbing valve has been installed the leak has been found to be 1500 ft.. Revised Jan 2005 . seat it and then prepare to pull out of the hole )( e. b. c. you discover that the BPV s are no longer holding pressure. Sand and scale is being washed from a well with a snubbing unit rigged up on top of the tree. a leak is noticed at one of the spacer spool connections between the stripping BOPs. b. While running in hole. d. e. c. 45. everything is OK Drop the pump down plug. What is the most appropriate action? a. ~ e. (there is 7500 ft. Have a spare annular packing element available Lubricate the pipe Monitor the annular operating pressure and the weight indicator When stripping the BHA. Which secondary barrier must be closed to allow the leak to be repaired? a.44. seat the plug and then prepare to pull out of the hole Drop the pump down plug. have the fishing diagram available Keep both stripping rams closed -y. Which of the following actions will have to be pipe? (2 answers) }< c. Continue. The well is still live. A leak has been noticed in the and closed. close it. After investigating.

c. It is designed to cut the workstring but may not cut BHA components It is designed to cut the workstring and any BHA component .48. Stop and Continue. hydraulic pressure Revised Jan 2005 .or safety rams. Which of the following statements is correct? a. redress using redress using the leaking top stripping ram the bottom stripping ram both stripping rams the annular BOP < d. which of the following statements are true? (2 answers) X. b. a.: ~ f. Stop and Continue. Cutting action is assisted by the well bore pressure It is operated at 5000 psi. h. ~ 51. b.3/8" pipe. g. 49. c. Stripper rubber Annular BOP Top stripping ram Bottom stripping ram Safety ram Blind/shear ram Variable bore ram Shear/Seal (Safety head) How is a single element stripper rubber energised? a. d. By hydraulic pressure from the controls in the basket With the hand pump By tightening the nut at the top of it It is energised by well pressure )I( 50. d. The top stripping ram has started to leak due to suspected wear. ~ J¥. After running a string of 2. They They They They They are are are are are tested tested tested tested tested after the BHA has been picked up after one or two joints of pipe have been picked up before any pipe is picked up by pressuring up above them by pressuring up below them The stripping rams are being used to snub pipe into the hole with a SIWHP of 4800 psi. c. When pressure testing the stripping. the next run will be made with a string of 2.7/8" pipe. Which of the following well control devices will have to be redressed because of this change in pipe size? (4 answers) X b. 52. Which of the following statements about shear/blind rams is true? X b.

it is noticed that it has started to leak.~~ f. Under-reamer Under-reamer Under-reamer Under-reamer 58. It speeds up the closing time It slows down the closing time It maintains the pressure just after a tool joint has been stripped through the annular It stops over-pressurising the line as a tool joint is stripped through the annular X 54.. c. BPV. BPV. Motor. Motor. BPV. Circulating BPV.. d. Circulating sub. Orifice Plate Internal Sleeve External Sleeve Bean Tapered Needle and Seat Plug and Cage Revised Jan 2005 . d.. b. Motor. . BPV. Circulating sub. b. d. BPV. Close a stripping BOP or the annular BOP Apply more pressure to the stripper Close the shear/seal Kill the well 56. it does not matter There is no need for manual valves 57.53. b. Outside Inside Either side. c. BPV. Motor. sub. Why is a one gallon accumulator or tank usually attached to the closing line of an annular BOP? a. There are remotely operated valves on the bleed-off and equalise lines. Circulating sub. While using the stripper rubber as the primary barrier. a. b. What is the correct first action to take? ::::l(. c. Is it normal practice to have to change out a worn annular packing element during a job? Yes No )( 55. BPV. From top to bottom. On which side of these valves should the manual valves be located? a. ~ c. what is the correct order for the BHA? a.. What is the most common type of adjustable choke used in well servicing? a.

WShearRam ~ ~ PipeRam ShearlBlind Ram Q [IJ Blind Ram Stripping Ram Revised Jan 2005 . D eT39 Five types of BOP ram assemblies are illustrated in the drawings above.59. Match the correct assemblies to the descriptions below by entering the assembly letters in the boxes.

Through which stack connection should the tests be done? a. e.60. c. The BOPs and valves must be tested from the correct direction. Ji< Revised Jan 2005 . Bleed off. Equaliser loop. Any of the connections. Top safety ram. -BLEED OFF EQUALIZER LOOP ~-I--TREECONNECTION A snubbing unit is rigged up with the surface pressure control equipment as shown in the drawing above. Blind/shear ram. b.

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