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. Understanding them is a key to comprehension. Cause and Effect Signal Words Accordingly Hence Therefore Since Because If…then Thus Furthermore Consequently In order to When…then Given So…that It follows…
Support Signal Words Additionally Besides Moreover Also Furthermore Too And Indeed As well Likewise
Look for function words or phrases, ie conjunctions and sentence adverbs that explicitly indicate a contrast between one idea and another, setting up a reversal of a thought. In such cases, an antonym for another word in the sentence may provide the correct answer. Explicit Contrast Signal Words (Question / Answer) Albeit Even though Instead of On the contrary While Although However Nevertheless On the other hand Yet But In contrast Nonetheless Rather than Because Despite In spite of Notwithstanding Still
Look for content words whose meanings inherently indicate a contrast. These words can turn a situation on its head. They indicate that something unexpected, possibly even unwanted has occurred. Implicit Contrast Signal Words Anomaly Paradoxically Prior history Illogical Surprise In efforts to Incongruity Unexpectedly Irony/Ironic Result
) not long after now before after afterwards later formerly meanwhile previously to begin with first / secondly next / then finally in addition ultimately shortly eventually at last initially in quick succession ever since Today It started when www...COMPREHENSION PASSAGE SIGNAL WORDS Comparson/Contrast but however on the other hand yet either..or.. while unless even if in comparison although still despite on the contrary likewise notwithstanding nevertheless regardless Similarity In contrast Instead of Where as Even though Like…as More importantly Although Think of The second thing But / Or Liken Resemble Oppose Despite that Otherwise Similes Metaphors Analogies Time/Sequence on (Tuesday...thegptutor.com .
one addition signal. and marketers must be sensitive in communicating with them.com . travel.thegptutor. the H. Selection 1: Two contrast signals. understanding is likely to fall as rate rises. Also. was that older people did not like to see their age reflected in the product's name. The best. Selection 2: One emphasis signal. is that you tend to concentrate more as you read faster. nursing homes. Demand will continue to rise for health care and services. Speed-reading courses may increase the number of words your eyes take in and "read" per minute. But. for this. Several years ago. way to increase reading speed and comprehension is to develop reading comprehension skills. 1. beef. www. retirement housing. two addition signals. two contrast signals. however.. With difficult material. and chicken dishes in eight-ounce containers. Also. the elderly have unique needs that marketers must try to satisfy. speed will come as you learn how to vary your reading rate according to the nature of the material and your purpose in reading. In addition. the marketing focus of Gerber Products Company does not inhibit older consumers from purchasing and consuming (for dietary reasons) an estimated 6 percent of its baby food. Speed will come as you learn how to identify main ideas and go quickly over lesser points and supporting details. one cause-and-effect signal. and many leisure-time activities. people in this age group do not like to be stereotyped. But.COMPREHENSION PASSAGE SIGNAL WORDS Signal Words Write the major signal words used in the following selections. J. comprehension may improve while you take such a course. The elderly age segment is a growing market that presents many opportunities for marketers... this claim is simply not true. The products were dropped six months later. 2. books. On the other hand. Clearly. one cause-and-effect signal. The number and kinds of signal words that you should look for are shown at the start of each selection. The cause. the reason.. Heinz Company test-marketed a line of "Senior Foods"--lamb. Speed-reading courses often claim that an increase in speed will mean an automatic increase in comprehension. a study conducted by Dannon Yogurt found that 25 percent of the company's sales were made to people over age fifty-five..
To examine the economic viability of a tree B. and crates. the hole. holes are 6. has been put to use in furniture. light brown. To emphasize the use of the maple lumber in furniture and other products 2.5 million gallons. 1. The sugar maple is a hard maple tree. Lines 14-15 www. To list a number of the major producers of maple syrup C. making of maple syrup. the sap is ready to be strained and marketed. like sap seeps through the holes and runs through a plastic spout that is put into 8. For which of the following words does the author provide a definition? A. Lines 10-11 D. is usually not pure and 13. The maple syrup found in the supermarkets. What is the main purpose of the passage? A. content of the sap is about 65-66%. Lines 6-8 B. the sugar maple tree 16. Afterward. Boiling enhances the flavor as well as adding color to the sap. To make pure maple syrup. has other additives. The water7. 4. 10. A tank (line 9) C. 4 feet. Late January through April B. Additives (line 13) D. interior woodwork. Quebec's annual syrup 5. According to the passage. Once the sugar 11. The color of pure maple may range from golden honey to 14. 12. Early November to late December 4.com . production surpasses 2. Then the sap goes through the boiling process. which is used in the 3. to a tank kept in the sugar house. The sugar maple (line 1) B. The sugar maple is commercially valued for its sap. August to early October D. Line 9 C. the collected sap is transferred into tubes that are hooked up 9. Vermont and New York. Two northeastern states. May to late July C. Where in the passage does the author first mentions the consistency of the sap? A. In Canada.COMPREHENSION PASSAGE SIGNAL WORDS Sample Passage 1. Between 35 to 50 gallons of sap are needed to produce 1 gallon of 15. rank as major producers of maple syrup. which of the following periods is ideal for sapping? A. It can grow as tall as 100 feet and as wide as 2.thegptutor. however. Furniture (line 16) 3. To provide information on how maple syrup is made D. flooring. made in the trunk of the tree at the end of the winter or in early spring. maple syrup. Also popular for strength and finish of its wood.
What can be inferred about the production of maple syrup? A.COMPREHENSION PASSAGE SIGNAL WORDS 5. It reduces the shelf life of the syrup. All of the following is true about boiling EXCEPT A. The relationship between the wood and the maple tree is similar to the relationship between (A) a vase and a bouquet of flowers (B) a painter and a canvas (C) a novel and a writer (D) an inlet and a sea 11. It is rather simple. The following paragraph will probably discuss (A) Ways to eradicate diseases attacking maple trees (B) Other uses of the sugar maple tree (C) Marketing plans for import distribution (D) The diversity of the ecosystem www. D. To provide a visual description C. the phrase "to be strained" could best be replaced by (A) To be tried (B) To be purified (C) To be filtered (D) To be solidified 8.thegptutor. It enhances the color. what is the author's purpose in mentioning "golden honey to light brown"? A. (D) A step-by-step explanation of how maple syrup is made is given. To make the reading more technical D. The word "its" in line 15 refers to (A) Sap (B) Maple syrup (C) Color (D) The sugar maple tree B. (C) A cause and effect analysis of the maple syrup production is presented. C. It is labor intensive. In lines 13-14. D. C. (B) A comparison and contrast between pure and commercial maple syrup is made. Its processing demands complicated equipment. In line 11. 6. B. It improves the flavor. The higher the volume. To illustrate the diff in quality 9. B. but time-consuming. Which of the following would best describe the organization of the passage? (A) A persuasive argument in favor of the maple syrup industry is advanced. the less predictable the quality is. To persuade the reader to buy the product 10.com . It increases the sugar content. 12. 7.
The choices (A). This analogy question tests your understanding of the relationship between the ideas. This is a language expression question as well. 8. This type of question always gives you the line number. The correct response is (A). 5. therefore. This specific detail question directs you to the exact line and asks for the first occurrence of the word. (A) is the best answer. so it is easy to locate. (D) is the correct choice. therefore.COMPREHENSION PASSAGE SIGNAL WORDS 1. the correct choice is (B). This question tests your understanding of how the author organizes the information in the passage. The producers have to depend on the natural flow of the sap. This question tests your inference ability. and C that are used in the paragraph. 2. The choice (B) shows the relationship between the performer and the tool. thus. the correct choice is (D). therefore. (A). Therefore. The answer to the question is not directly stated in the passage. The author does not attempt to convince the reader. therefore. These types of questions need attention. (A) is the best answer. the sugar maple tree. This is a general inference question. (C). www. The question is based on the closest synonym for the phrase "to be strained. Most of the passage explains the technique used for making maple syrup. The choice (A) is inaccurate." Even though all the choices are grammatically sound. we notice that "its" is a possessive pronoun which refers to the noun phrase.thegptutor. (C) is the most logical choice. (C) is incorrect because it indicates the relationship between a creator (writer) and the work created (novel). This specific detail question tests your understanding of a definition. Since the sugar maple tree's popularity for strength and finish of its wood is mentioned at the end of the passage. and (D) can not be inferred from the passage. 10. the choice (A) is not true. but it takes time. Reading the sentence. This inference question asks the author's purpose. These types of questions are relatively easy to locate. sapping takes place at the end of the winter and in early spring. (C). Only the sugar maple (line 1) is defined. This specific detail question is negative. The production technique is quite straightforward. the noun to which the pronoun refers. The best answer is (C). 4. Most of the passage explains a step-by-step process of how maple syrup is made. 11. 12. (A) 3. 6. the choices (B) and (C) are incorrect. In order to answer it correctly. The correct answer is based on the antecedent. consequently. (D) is the correct choice. The passage is non-technical.com . eliminate all the choices A. This is an inference question. The choice (C ) is incorrect because the difference in quality is not a concern of the passage. The choices (B). it makes sense to know something about its other uses. The choice (A) shows the relationship between cut flowers and a vase. The choices (B) and (D) are both specific details but not the main idea of the passage. The passage neither expresses the causes of the maple syrup production nor lists the similarities between pure and commercial maple syrup. This is a specific detail question. B. This is a language expression question. Based on the information in the passage. The analogy here is the relationship between a part and a whole. the choice (B) is inaccurate. even though mentioned in the passage. are not defined. The relationship between an inlet (a part) and a sea (a whole) is similar to the relationship between the wood (a part) and the maple tree (a whole). Based on the conclusion we can draw from the passage. Pay attention that numbers are always in ascending order. and (D). 9. (D) is the correct choice. 7. The choice (D) is incorrect considering the author is not persuading the reader to buy any specific product.