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Dhalo One of the most popular dances of Goa is the Dhalo. It is one of the choicest dances of the women dwelling in rural Goa. In this dance form, young girls and women form a semi circle by joining their hands behind each others waists. They then sway in coordinated movements to beats of rural musical instruments and music. It is a dance full of fun and frolic. Dekhni The Dekhni is basically the traditional dance of those Christians who converted to Christianity from Hinduism during the Portugal rule. These people were the ones to compose this traditional dance form of Goa. The dance also involves singing by people. It usually begins with a beautiful lady starting the dance and is joined later by other dancers gradually. The music of this dance is a lovely combination of rhythm and melody of both western and Indian genre. Fugdi The Fugdi is a traditional dance of Goa that is quite popular among the womenfolk of Goa. This dance is devoted to the Hindu Elephant God, Lord Ganesha. This dance can be performed on any occasion and does not require any particular festival to be performed. One of the most common dances that is performed in Goa, this dance requires continues swirling until one gets exhausted and sits down. Shigmo The Shigmo is a traditional dance of Goa and is performed during the advent of spring season. For farmers, this dance is symbolic of regeneration of their natural resources. This dance is also performed when soldiers return from the battlefield victorious in their mission. This dance is performed mostly during the month of March when temples are decorated lavishly to celebrate the spring festival. Kunbi One of the earliest folk dances of Goa is the Kunbi dance. This dance was mainly performed by the earliest settlers of Goa known as the Kunbis. The dance has more of a social element in it rather than a religious feeling. The dance is performed by the women dancers who perform this dance very elegantly at quite a fast pace. Their traditional attire adds the color to this dance form. Samayi Dance / Lamp Dance The Lamp Dance is called so because of the brass lamps that is used to perform this dance. The dancers have to dance very slowly balancing heavy brass lamps on their heads. The music is usually instrumental and folk instruments like Ghumat, Samael, Cymbal and Harmonium are used. This dance requires immense amount of self control and discipline in order to balance the lamps and dance.
Godhi Modni: A spectacular dance form performed in northern Goa during Shigmo is the horse dance Godhi Modni in which warriors with swords move forward and backward and mimic the movements of war horses with the martial sound of drums. They wear a decorated wooden effigy of a horse around the waist, a flowery headgear and in the anklets they carry ghungurs. It is believed that the dance commemorates the victory over the Portuguese by the Maratha rulers of the Sattari taluka in Goa known as the Ranes. Rombat: On the second and third day of Shigmo another dance form called Rombat takes place in which men dancing to drums carry banners and umbrellas in a procession and wear traditional dresses. Also young boys signify the arrival of spring by waving green twigs. Romat or Mell: Romat (called so in north Goa) or Mell (called so in central Goa) is the thanks-giving ceremonial dance cum procession march that is the most well known performance during Shigmo. Here the Villagers march or dance to the nerve-racking beat of the drums, with huge banners, festooned sticks, ceremonial umbrellas and batons. It is colorful, noisy and crowded and ends at the headman's house or at the presiding deity's temple. Some of the other dance forms performed during Shigmo are Talgadi, Goff, Tonyamell, and Morulem that are performed to soft Music of a light drum and a harmonium and known for
In this form the actor accompanied by two other actors dance with two swords in his hands and is supported by a group with musical shouts anddances. On the concluding day of the dance the women wear fancy dresses and caricature men folk of the village. The most common version of Fugdi dance out of the 27 variations is the one performed in a circular pattern. Dhalo: Dhalo is another weeklong popular dance cum song performed at a pre-selected venue called 'Mand' in someone's courtyard. Mando songs that are made up with the blend of Goan folk music and church music were first written in 1840. Mando: Mando is a group song set to Latin .their rhythm. The dancer usually carries a small clay oil lamp and performs to the folk drum called 'Ghumat'. it picks up speed towards the climax. The songs devoted to Lord Krishna are accompanied by folk instruments. Foogdi: Goa's most popular song cum dance is Foogdi performed by women and that is performed on important social and religious occasions. move in unison. Talgadi: In Talgadi. She persuades him to take her there so that she can honor her commitment to sing in a wedding at the place of a man called 'Damu' and also offers her ornaments in return as she is in a hurry. Tanyamell: Another dance called Tanyamell (Tone means a painted stick. They move in mock resemblance to the peacock and invoke the deities by singing traditional songs. They are usually sung at wedding celebrations in honor of the bridal couple.type dress and the theme of the songs sung are mostly frustration and deception in love.American tune and popular with Goan Catholics that usually has boys and girls standing in two semicircular lines and singing in chorus. intricate foot work and body movements. a blend of Indian melody set to Western music is a very popular solo song cum .cum. Beginning at a slow pace of footwork with invocation to Hindu gods. No musical instruments are used. Then the whole braid is unraveled by reverse dance moves skillfully done by the dancers. The girls wear a 'tollopo' that is a Burmese Sarong . is performed with full Hindu martial even though the Kshatriyas of Chandor converted to Christianity long ago. The dance performed by men who carry 'Mussal' .dance performed by women. over the Cholas. Harihar. It is an indoor dance that derives its name from the 'Foo Foo' sound made by the dancers by blowing air into a pot they hold as they spring rhythmically.dance is performed on the second day of Goan Carnival. Mussal: At the historical village of Chandor in the Kshatriya (warrior) caste villager's courtyard this Mussal (pounding mace) march .a war weapon in medieval times. The dance-cum-song is performed to celebrate the victory in the early 14th century of the Hindu King of Vijaynagar. . They form two parallel rows sing religious and social songs and putting their arms around each other's waist. Dekhni: Dekhni. Normally 24 women take part in this dance that is performed on moonlit winter nights when the paddy crop is near harvesting in the Hindu month of 'Pausha'. Goff: Goff performed in the Phalgun month during the Shigmo Festival is a popular dance in South Goa in which colorful cloth plaits hang from a point in the ceiling and dancers holding a plait each dance in such a way that a beautiful braid is formed. Virabhadra: Virabhadra a gift from the Kannada rulers of ancient Goa is a dance cum drama form performed at the end of Shigmostav created from the matted hair of the son of Lord Shankar. It is about a request and the resulting dialogue between a girl and the boatman as the girl wants to go across the river. Shamel and Ghumat wearing colorful costumes and flowers. It is also common to Gujarat along with Goff. dancers move around the village and perform in house courtyards. Morulem: Another Shigmostav dance known as Morulem has the dancers wearing peacock feathers on the head and a flowery garland around the neck. They dance to the beats of instruments like Zanj. Mell means a dancing group) that use costumes with a distinct touch of Kathiawar (a region of Gujarat) came to Goa with the early tribal settlers.
Their dances are not religious and are uniquely social which belong to the pre Portuguese era. . The ancient folk traditions are retained even though they are converted to Christianity.Kunbi dance: The Kunbi tribals who are the earliest settlers of Goa that have their home in the Cancona sub division perform this fast elegant Kunbi dance. They usually wear simple traditional colorful dresses.
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