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Ancient Scientific Knowledge Meets Modern Technology

Samskruta Kranti - Commencement to Spoken Sanskrit.

Organizer - www.e-gurukul.net

Topic - Commencement to Spoken Sanskrit' - Level 1

Date - July 10, 17, 24 & 31 -2011 – Sundays - 6 to 8 am Indian Standard Time.

Check your local time – http://timeanddate.com/worldclock/converter.html


Mode - Live Audio Visual Interactive Online Classroom Sessions.
Trainer - Mrs Rashmi Kashi – USA - http://sanskritpearls.blogspot.com
Samskruta Kranti- Commencement to Spoken Sanskrit 2011

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Table of Contents


Prayers…………………………..…………………... 3
Meanings of the prayers…...……………………… 4
Introduction to Sanskrit………...……...………….. 5
Alphabet…………………..………………………… 6
Verbs………………………...……………………….. 7
Nouns……………………………………...……….... 8
Vibhakti Vishaya (Cases)…….……………….…… 9
1st, 6th and 7th Cases……....………….…….……… 10
Question Words……………………….……….……. 11
Tenses and Participles………..……..…….....……… 12
Shapes and Colors………….………………..……… 15
Parts of the body…………….……………….……… 16
Numbers and Days…………..………...…….……… 17
Ending prayer..…….……………….……….……… 18





Samskruta Kranti- Commencement to Spoken Sanskrit 2011

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¯||¯¯| -|-¬¯¯| ¯|l¯|¯|l¯|·
Commencement to Spoken Sanskrit
Lesson 4
Beginning Prayers:

7|4¯||¹¯|¯°|¯ l¯|¯'| 7|l7|¯|'| ¯|¯|+|¯|¹| ¦
¯|-|¯|¯|¯¯| °¯||¯|¯| -|¯| l¯|¯¯||¯|7||¯¯|¯| ¦¦

shuklaambaradharaM viShNuM shashivarNaM chaturbhujam |
prasannavadanaM dhyaayet sarva vighnopashaantaye ||

-|¯-¯|l¯| ¯|¹|-¯|+¯| ¯|¯¯ ¬¯|¹|«l¯|l'| ¦
l¯|u|¯¹+| ¬¯l¯¯¯||l¹| l-|l7+|¯|¯| ¹| -|¯| ¦¦

saraswati namastubhyaM varade kaamarUpiNi |
vidyaarambhaM kariShyaami siddhirbhavatu me sadaa ||

¹|¹¯|8 ¹|¹l¯|¯'|· ¹|¹¯¯|| ¹|¯%|¯· ¦
¹|¹--||+||¯| ¯|¯¯|8 ¯|-¹| >|| ¹|¯¯| ¯|¹|· ¦¦

gururbrahma gururviShNuH gururdevo maheshwaraH |
gurussaakShaat parabrahma tasmai shrI gurave namaH ||
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Meanings

1. gaNesha shloka:

Robed in white, he pervades the world
Shining in moon-light, four armed Lord
Unto his shining face we pray
For removing all obstacles


2. saraswatI shloka:

Oh goddess saraswati, I pray to thee
You the embodiment of all blessings, bestow boons
Will begin learning vidyaa (knowledge) now
May I attain eminence in everything


3. guru shloka:

Guru is brahmaa viShNu too
Guru is shiva Lord divine
Guru is but the supreme truth
Salutations to my guru
Samskruta Kranti- Commencement to Spoken Sanskrit 2011

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1. Introduction - What is Sanskrit?

-|¹¯|¬¯ ¬¯¯|¹| sl¯| -|-¬¯¯|¹| (samyak kRutam iti saMskRutam) – That which is done very well (refined) is called
Samskrutam. Samskrutam or Sanskrit, also referred to as 'devabhaasha', is a very ancient and complex language.
It's origin is older than the oldest of the languages. It is highly scientific, phonetic and linguistically advanced
language. There is culture, spiritual, moral, medical, mathematical, grammar, astronomy, architecture, art, drama,
poetry, humor and many other genre of literature in the language!! The variety, richness and depth of topics are
unsurpassed yet! The guru-s of the past, transcended knowledge to their pupil exclusively in Sanskrit.

The grammar is so intricate and complex like none other that, it is considered the most unambiguous language
that is suitable for programming computers even! Only, we need people very well versed in both computers and
Sanskrit….

It has been proven by research that the specialty of Sanskrit lays in its entirety. Just the reading, reciting and
speaking in Sanskrit, has proven to stimulate and active different energy points in the body that it provides an
overall wellbeing of that individual! It is one of the very few languages that use all the nerves of the tongue.
Speaking and reciting in Sanskrit, is like a cleanser for the tongue, I once heard! ‘vaakshuddhi’ (clarity of speech),
comes very easily with this language.
Samskruta Kranti- Commencement to Spoken Sanskrit 2011

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¹+|¯¹||¯|| (akSharamaalaa)
अ a आ aa इ i ई I उ u ऊ U ऋ Ru क RU र

lRu
ए e ऐ ai ओ o औ au
अं aM अः aH

क ka ख kha ग ga घ gha ङ ṅa
च cha छ Cha ज ja झ jha ञ ña
ट Ta ठ Tha ड Da ढ Dha ण Na
त ta थ tha द da ध dha न na
ऩ pa प pha फ ba ब bha भ ma

म ya य ra र la व va
श sha ष Sha स sa
ह Ha
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किमाऩदभ् (kriyaapadam) - Verbs (basic)
There are 3 persons in a verb, namely
 prathama purusha (Third person)
 madhyama purusha (Second person)
 uttama purusha (First person)

Third person (prathama purusha) – verbs end with ‘-ti’
 Used with -|· (saH - he) or -|| (saa - she) or
 +|¯||¯|/+|¯|¯|| (bhavaan/bhavatI - second person, addressed with respect) can also be used.
Second person (madhyama purusha) – verbs end with ‘-si’
 Used with ¯¯|¹| (tvam - you)
First person (uttama purusha) – verbs end with ‘-aami’
 Used with ¹¯¹| (aham - I)

Also, there are 3 numbers, namely
 ekavachana (singular)
 dvivachana (dual)
 bahuvachana (plural)

There is no difference to the verb as per the gender.
Third person
-तत
-ti
Second person
-सस
-si
First person
-¹|l¹|
-aami
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¯||¹|¯|¯¹| (naamapadam) – Nouns (basic)

There are 3 genders in the nouns
 Masculine (pullinga) - eg: words ending in short vowels, visarga
 Feminine (strIlinga) – eg: words ending in long vowels
 Neuter (napumsakalinga) – eg: words ending in ‘am’ (half ‘m’)
(The gender is generally decided by the ending of the noun.)

Even here, there are 3 numbers, namely
 ekavachana (singular)
 dvivachana (dual)
 bahuvachana (plural)
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ववबकि ववषमः – Case study

ववबकिः
vibhaktiH Case In English
पथभा
prathamaa Nominative Subject
सं.पथभा
sam. Prathamaa Vocative Vocative
दिततमा
dvitiyaa Accusative to, Object


ततमा
tRutiyaa Instrumental with, by
चतु थी
chaturthI Dative for
ऩञचभी
pa~nchamI Ablative from, than
षषी
ShaShTI Genitive Of, ‘s
सपततभी
saptamI Locative in, on

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¯|°|¹|| l¯|+|lñ¯ (prathamaa vibhakti) – 1
st
case (basic examples)
Used in nominative clauses, where the noun IS the subject.
Words are used in their original form with the visarga (pu.), deergha (strI.) or ‘am’ (napum.) added to the end.

¯|0| l¯|+|lñ¯ (ShaShThI vibhakti) – 6
th
case (basic examples)
Used in a genitive clause where ‘of the noun’ or ‘noun’s’ kind of sentences are used.

ऩु .
pu.
- सम
- sya
सी.
strI.
- माः
-
yaaH
नऩु ं .
napuM.
- सम
- sya


-|¯¯|¹|| l¯|+|lñ¯ (saptamI vibhakti) – 7
th
case (basic examples)
Used in a locative clause where ‘in the noun’ or ‘on the noun’ kind of sentences are used.

ऩु .
pu.
- ए
- e
सी.
strI.
- माभ्
- yaam
नऩु ं .
napuM.
- ए
- e


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Question words:

ककभ्
kim What



kutra Where
कः
kaH Who
ककभथथ भ्
kimartham Why


तः
kutaH Why
कदा
kadaa When
कथभ्
katham How
कतत
kati how many
कससभन्
kasmin Which
वा
vaa or, is it

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Present participle indeclinable:
(¯|¹| (tum) is added to the root word to form infinitive. They denote ‘purpose’.)

Ex:
ऩठतत
paThati

-
ऩदठतुभ्
paThitum to read
सरखतत
likhati

-
रेखखतुभ्
lekhitum to write
वदतत
vadati

-
विु भ्
vaktum to say

Past passive participles indeclinables:
(4¯¯|| (ktvaa) is added to the root word of one verb, to indicate one job done and starting another.)

Ex:
ऩठतत
paThati

-
ऩदठतवा
paThitvaa having read
सरखतत
likhati

-
सरखखतव
likhitva having written
वदतत
vadati

-
उकतवा
uktvaa having said

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Past active participles:
Adding the िवत् (ktavat) pratyaya makes these words and they have the same meaning as the verbal past tense.
They agree with the noun’s gender, case and number.

Ex:

Masculine

Feminine
ऩठतत
paThati reads
ऩदठतवान्
paThitavaan read
ऩदठतवती
paThitavatI
सरखतत
likhati writes
सरखखतवान्
likhitavaan wrote
सरखखतवती
likhitavatI
वदतत
vadati tells
उिवान्
uktavaan said
उिवती
uktavatI

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Present continuous tense:
Adding ‘¹l-¯|’ to these past tense verbs, makes it ‘Present continuous’!

Ex:
¹¯ l¯|l¹|¯|¯|¯|| ¹l-¹|¦ (ahaM likhitavatI asmi|)
I am writing.

-|· ¬¯|¯| ¬¯¯|¯||¯| ¹l-¯|¦ (saH kaaryaM kRutavaan asti|)
He is doing the work.

Past tense:
Adding a -¹| (sma) to the end of the sentence with a verb in present tense makes it past tense.

Ex:
¯|¹|· ¬¯|¯|¯| -|¯¯|¯l¯| -¹|¦ (raamaH kaanane sa~ncharati sma|)
raama used to roam in the forest.

-|· ¯||¯¯| -|¯|¯| +¯|¯l¯| -¹|¦ (saH baalye sarvadaa krIdati sma|)
He always used to play in his childhood.

¹¯¹| 7||¯||-|¹|¯| 7||¯|¹| ¯l¯|0|l¹| -¹|¦ (aham shaalaasamaye sheeghram uttiShThaami sma| )
I used to wake up early in school time.

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Shapes and Colors


Colors

Shapes
यिः
raktaH

- Red
चतुबु थ जः
chaturbhujaH

- square
नीरः
nIlaH

- Blue
वतु थ रः
vartulaH

- circle
हरयतः
haritaH

- Green
ततकोणः
trikoNaH

- triangle
ऩीतः
pItaH

- Yellow
आमतः
aayataH

- rectangle
नायङगः
naara~ngaH

- Orange

वऩङगरः
pi~ngalaH

- Brown
ऩाटरः
paaTalaH

- Pink
धू भरः
dhUmalaH

- Purple
धू सयः
dhUsaraH

- Grey


षणः
kRuShNaH

- Black
शे तः
shwetaH

- White
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Parts of the body:
eye
नेतभ्
netram
nose
नाससका
naasikaa
mouth
भु खभ्
mukham
ear
कणथ ः
karNaH
head
सशयः
shiraH
hair
के शः
keshaH
cheek
कऩोरः
kapolaH
chin
चचफु कभ्
chibukam
neck
कणठः
kaNThaH
stomach
उदयभ्
udaram
hand
हसतः
hastaH
finger
अङगुरीत(हसताङगुरी)
a~ngulI (hastaa~ngulI)
leg
ऩादः
paadaH
toe
अङगुरीत(ऩादाङगुरी)
a~ngulI (paadaa~ngulI)
knee
जानु
jaanu
face
आननभ्
aananam
shoulder
सकनधः
skandhaH
tongue
l¯|5|
jihvaa
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Numbers and Days:














Numbers

1
एकभ्
ekam
2
िे
dve
3
तीखण
trINi
4
चतवारय
chatvaari
5
ऩञच
pa~ncha
6
षट
ShaT
7
सपतत
sapta
8
अष
aShTa
9
नव
nava
10
दश
dasha
Days of the week

बानु वासयः
bhaanuvaasaraH Sunday
सोभवासयः
somavaasaraH Monday
भङगरवासयः
ma~ngalavaasaraH Tuesday
फु धवासयः
budhavaasaraH Wednesday
गुरवासयः
guruvaasaraH Thursday
शु िवासयः
shukravaasaraH Friday
शतनवासयः
shanivaasaraH Saturday
अद
adya Today
हः
hyaH Yesterday
ऩयहः
parahyaH Day before yesterday
पऩयहः
praparahyaH Day before, day before yesterday
शः
shwaH Tomorrow
ऩयशः
parashwaH Day after tomorrow
पऩयशः
praparashwaH Day after, day after tomorrow
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Ending Prayer:

ॐतऩू णथ भदःतऩू णथ सभदं तऩू णाथ त् तऩू णथ भु दचमते
ऩू णथ समतऩू णथ भादामतऩू णथ भेवावसशषमते
ॐतशासनततशासनततशासनतः
हरयःतॐ
शीतगुरभमोतनभः
हरयःतॐ

aum pUrNamadaH pUrNamidaM pUrNaat pUrNamudachyate
pUrNasya pUrNamaadaaya pUrNamevaavashiShyate
oum shaanti shaanti shaantiH
hariH aum
shrI gurubhyo namaH
hariH aum

Meaning
Completeness is that; completeness is this;
From that completeness, this completeness came to being;
From that completeness, when this completeness is removed,
What remains is completeness.
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Commencement to Spoken Sanskrit
By
Mrs. Rashmi Kashi

Was brought to you with the assistance of the technology provided by
E-gurukul.net team.

Aano Bhadrah Kratavo Yantu Vishwataha - Rigveda 1-89-i

Meaning -"Let Noble Thoughts come to us from all sides’'




....……… Numbers and Days………….……… 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 15 16 17 18 www.net | Ancient Scientific Knowledge Meets Modern Technology 2|Page ...Samskruta Kranti.……… Ending prayer.Commencement to Spoken Sanskrit 2011 Table of Contents Prayers………………………….....…………. 6th and 7th Cases…….…….………..………..………………………… Verbs……………………….. Vibhakti Vishaya (Cases)……..……….……………….……… Shapes and Colors………….…….…………………..e-gurukul...…….……... Meanings of the prayers….……..……...………………...…… 1st... Tenses and Participles……….....………………. Nouns…………………………………….……………………….……………………… Introduction to Sanskrit……….………….…….………. Alphabet…………………....……… Parts of the body…………….……… Question Words……………………….……………….

e-gurukul.Samskruta Kranti.Commencement to Spoken Sanskrit 2011 uÉÉcrÉ xÉÇxM×üiÉ mÉëÌiÉmĘ́ÉÈ Commencement to Spoken Sanskrit Lesson 4 Beginning Prayers: zÉÑYsÉÉqoÉUkÉUÇ ÌuÉwhÉÑÇ zÉÍzÉuÉhÉïÇ cÉiÉÑpÉÑïeÉqÉç | mÉëxɳÉuÉSlÉÇ krÉÉrÉåiÉç xÉuÉï ÌuÉblÉÉåmÉzÉÉliÉrÉå || shuklaambaradharaM viShNuM shashivarNaM chaturbhujam | prasannavadanaM dhyaayet sarva vighnopashaantaye || xÉUxuÉÌiÉ lÉqÉxiÉÑprÉÇ uÉUSå MüÉqÉÃÌmÉÍhÉ | ÌuɱÉUqpÉÇ MüËUwrÉÉÍqÉ ÍxÉήpÉïuÉiÉÑ qÉå xÉSÉ || saraswati namastubhyaM varade kaamarUpiNi | vidyaarambhaM kariShyaami siddhirbhavatu me sadaa || aÉÑÂoÉëï¼ aÉÑÂÌuÉïwhÉÑÈ aÉÑÂSåïuÉÉå qÉWåûµÉUÈ | aÉÑÂxxÉɤÉÉiÉç mÉUoÉë¼ iÉxqÉæ ´ÉÏ aÉÑUuÉå lÉqÉÈ || gururbrahma gururviShNuH gururdevo maheshwaraH | gurussaakShaat parabrahma tasmai shrI gurave namaH || www.net | Ancient Scientific Knowledge Meets Modern Technology 3|Page .

Samskruta Kranti.Commencement to Spoken Sanskrit 2011 Meanings 1. guru shloka: Guru is brahmaa viShNu too Guru is shiva Lord divine Guru is but the supreme truth Salutations to my guru www.net | Ancient Scientific Knowledge Meets Modern Technology 4|Page . saraswatI shloka: Oh goddess saraswati. gaNesha shloka: Robed in white.e-gurukul. four armed Lord Unto his shining face we pray For removing all obstacles 2. he pervades the world Shining in moon-light. I pray to thee You the embodiment of all blessings. bestow boons Will begin learning vidyaa (knowledge) now May I attain eminence in everything 3.

spiritual. www. humor and many other genre of literature in the language!! The variety. it is considered the most unambiguous language that is suitable for programming computers even! Only. Just the reading. art. drama. Introduction .Samskruta Kranti. It has been proven by research that the specialty of Sanskrit lays in its entirety.What is Sanskrit? xÉqrÉMçü M×üiÉqÉç CÌiÉ xÉÇxM×üiÉqÉç (samyak kRutam iti saMskRutam) – That which is done very well (refined) is called Samskrutam. richness and depth of topics are unsurpassed yet! The guru-s of the past. moral. I once heard! ‘vaakshuddhi’ (clarity of speech).net | Ancient Scientific Knowledge Meets Modern Technology 5|Page . The grammar is so intricate and complex like none other that. is a very ancient and complex language. Samskrutam or Sanskrit.e-gurukul. also referred to as 'devabhaasha'. There is culture. grammar. astronomy. It is highly scientific. reciting and speaking in Sanskrit. mathematical. It's origin is older than the oldest of the languages. phonetic and linguistically advanced language. is like a cleanser for the tongue. architecture. comes very easily with this language. poetry. has proven to stimulate and active different energy points in the body that it provides an overall wellbeing of that individual! It is one of the very few languages that use all the nerves of the tongue.Commencement to Spoken Sanskrit 2011 1. medical. we need people very well versed in both computers and Sanskrit…. transcended knowledge to their pupil exclusively in Sanskrit. Speaking and reciting in Sanskrit.

e-gurukul.Samskruta Kranti.Commencement to Spoken Sanskrit 2011 A¤ÉUqÉÉsÉÉ (akSharamaalaa) अ a आ aa इ i ई I उ u ऊ U ऋ Ru क RU रृ lRu ए e ऐ ai ओ o औ au अं aM अः aH क ka ख kha ग ga घ gha ङ ṅa ट Ta ठ Tha ड Da ढ Dha ण Na त ta थ tha द da ध dha न na ऩ pa प pha फ ba ब bha भ ma म ya य ra र la व va श sha ष Sha स sa ह Ha च cha छ Cha ज ja झ jha ञ ña www.net | Ancient Scientific Knowledge Meets Modern Technology 6|Page .

second person.I) Also.Samskruta Kranti. addressed with respect) can also be used.net | Ancient Scientific Knowledge Meets Modern Technology 7|Page . namely  ekavachana (singular)  dvivachana (dual)  bahuvachana (plural) There is no difference to the verb as per the gender. there are 3 numbers.she) or  pÉuÉÉlÉç/pÉuÉiÉÏ (bhavaan/bhavatI .Commencement to Spoken Sanskrit 2011 क्रिमाऩदभ ् (kriyaapadam) . namely  prathama purusha (Third person)  madhyama purusha (Second person)  uttama purusha (First person) Third person (prathama purusha) – verbs end with ‘-ti’ Third person Second person First person -तत -सस -AÉÍqÉ -ti -si -aami  Used with xÉÈ (saH .he) or xÉÉ (saa . www. Second person (madhyama purusha) – verbs end with ‘-si’  Used with iuÉqÉç (tvam .you) First person (uttama purusha) – verbs end with ‘-aami’  Used with AWûqÉç (aham .e-gurukul.Verbs (basic) There are 3 persons in a verb.

net | Ancient Scientific Knowledge Meets Modern Technology 8|Page .eg: words ending in short vowels. namely  ekavachana (singular)  dvivachana (dual)  bahuvachana (plural) www.) Even here. there are 3 numbers.e-gurukul. visarga  Feminine (strIlinga) – eg: words ending in long vowels  Neuter (napumsakalinga) – eg: words ending in ‘am’ (half ‘m’) (The gender is generally decided by the ending of the noun.Commencement to Spoken Sanskrit 2011 lÉÉqÉmÉSqÉç (naamapadam) – Nouns (basic) There are 3 genders in the nouns  Masculine (pullinga) .Samskruta Kranti.

‘s in.Samskruta Kranti.Commencement to Spoken Sanskrit 2011 ववबक्ति ववषमः – Case study ववबक्तिः प्रथभा सं. on ऩञ्चभी सप्त भी त www. Object with. by for from. Prathamaa dvitiyaa tRutiyaa chaturthI pa~nchamI ShaShTI saptamI Case Nominative Vocative Accusative Instrumental Dative Ablative Genitive Locative In English Subject Vocative to.net | Ancient Scientific Knowledge Meets Modern Technology 9|Page .प्रथभा द्विततमा तततमा ृ चतुथी षष्ठी vibhaktiH prathamaa sam.e-gurukul. than Of.

where the noun IS the subject.Commencement to Spoken Sanskrit 2011 mÉëjÉqÉÉ ÌuÉpÉÌ£ü (prathamaa vibhakti) – 1st case (basic examples) Used in nominative clauses.) added to the end.माः . deergha (strI. नऩं. नऩं.).net | Ancient Scientific Knowledge Meets Modern Technology 10 | P a g e . .sya xÉmiÉqÉÏ ÌuÉpÉÌ£ü (saptamI vibhakti) – 7th case (basic examples) Used in a locative clause where ‘in the noun’ or ‘on the noun’ kind of sentences are used. ु स्त्री.स्म . ऩ. ु napuM.sya yaaH . .e-gurukul. strI. ऩ.Samskruta Kranti. ु pu. ु pu.) or ‘am’ (napum. strI.yaam -e स्त्री.ए www. Words are used in their original form with the visarga (pu. napuM.माभ ् -e . wÉ¸Ï ÌuÉpÉÌ£ü (ShaShThI vibhakti) – 6th case (basic examples) Used in a genitive clause where ‘of the noun’ or ‘noun’s’ kind of sentences are used. -ए .स्म .

is it क्रकभथथभ ् कतः ु कदा कथभ ् कतत वा कस्स्भन ् www.net | Ancient Scientific Knowledge Meets Modern Technology 11 | P a g e .Samskruta Kranti.Commencement to Spoken Sanskrit 2011 Question words: क्रकभ ् कत्र ु कः kim kutra kaH kimartham kutaH kadaa katham kati kasmin vaa What Where Who Why Why When How how many Which or.e-gurukul.

Commencement to Spoken Sanskrit 2011 Present participle indeclinable: (iÉÑqÉç (tum) is added to the root word to form infinitive.सरखखत्व likhitva .e-gurukul.रेखखतुभ ् ु .) Ex: ऩठतत paThati .ऩद्वठतुभ ् .) Ex: ऩठतत सरखतत वदतत paThati likhati vadati .उक्तत्वा uktvaa www.ऩद्वठत्वा paThitvaa having read having written having said सरखतत likhati वदतत vadati .विभ ् paThitum lekhitum vaktum to read to write to say Past passive participles indeclinables: (YiuÉÉ (ktvaa) is added to the root word of one verb. They denote ‘purpose’. to indicate one job done and starting another.Samskruta Kranti.net | Ancient Scientific Knowledge Meets Modern Technology 12 | P a g e .

Ex: ऩठतत वदतत paThati likhati vadati reads writes tells Masculine ऩद्वठतवान ् paThitavaan सरखखतवान ् likhitavaan उिवान ् uktavaan read wrote said Feminine ऩद्वठतवती paThitavatI सरखखतवती likhitavatI उिवती uktavatI सरखतत www.Commencement to Spoken Sanskrit 2011 Past active participles: Adding the िवत ् (ktavat) pratyaya makes these words and they have the same meaning as the verbal past tense.Samskruta Kranti. They agree with the noun’s gender. case and number.e-gurukul.net | Ancient Scientific Knowledge Meets Modern Technology 13 | P a g e .

AWûqÉç zÉÉsÉÉxÉqÉrÉå zÉÏbÉëqÉç ĘɸÉÍqÉ xqÉ| (aham shaalaasamaye sheeghram uttiShThaami sma| ) I used to wake up early in school time. makes it ‘Present continuous’! Ex: AWÇû ÍsÉÎZÉiÉuÉiÉÏ AÎxqÉ| (ahaM likhitavatI asmi|) I am writing. Ex: UÉqÉÈ MüÉlÉlÉå xÉgcÉUÌiÉ xqÉ| (raamaH kaanane sa~ncharati sma|) raama used to roam in the forest. xÉÈ oÉÉsrÉå xÉuÉïSÉ ¢üÏSÌiÉ xqÉ| (saH baalye sarvadaa krIdati sma|) He always used to play in his childhood.Commencement to Spoken Sanskrit 2011 Present continuous tense: Adding ‘AÎxiÉ’ to these past tense verbs.net | Ancient Scientific Knowledge Meets Modern Technology 14 | P a g e . www. xÉÈ MüÉrÉïÇ M×üiÉuÉÉlÉç AÎxiÉ| (saH kaaryaM kRutavaan asti|) He is doing the work.e-gurukul. Past tense: Adding a xqÉ (sma) to the end of the sentence with a verb in present tense makes it past tense.Samskruta Kranti.

Purple .Black .Green .Red .Grey .Pink .Samskruta Kranti.Blue .rectangle त्रत्रकोणः trikoNaH आमतः aayataH नायङ्गः naara~ngaH .Orange वऩङ्गरः pi~ngalaH ऩाटरः धभरः ू धसयः ू कृष्णः श्वेतः paaTalaH dhUmalaH dhUsaraH kRuShNaH shwetaH .Brown .square .net | Ancient Scientific Knowledge Meets Modern Technology 15 | P a g e .Yellow Shapes चतुबजः chaturbhujaH ुथ वतरः ुथ vartulaH .e-gurukul.White www.Commencement to Spoken Sanskrit 2011 Shapes and Colors Colors यिः नीरः हरयतः ऩीतः raktaH nIlaH haritaH pItaH .circle .triangle .

Commencement to Spoken Sanskrit 2011 Parts of the body: eye nose mouth ear head hair cheek chin neck नेत्रभ ् नाससका भखभ ् ु कणथः सशयः कशः े netram naasikaa mukham karNaH shiraH keshaH kapolaH chibukam kaNThaH udaram hastaH कऩोरः कण्ठः चचफकभ ् ु stomach उदयभ ् हस्तः hand finger leg toe knee face अङ्गुरीत(हस्ताङ्गुरी) a~ngulI (hastaa~ngulI) ऩादः paadaH अङ्गुरीत(ऩादाङ्गरी) ु जानु आननभ ् a~ngulI (paadaa~ngulI) jaanu aananam skandhaH jihvaa shoulder स्कन्धः ÎeÉÀûÉ tongue www.Samskruta Kranti.e-gurukul.net | Ancient Scientific Knowledge Meets Modern Technology 16 | P a g e .

net | Ancient Scientific Knowledge Meets Modern Technology 17 | P a g e .Commencement to Spoken Sanskrit 2011 Numbers and Days: Numbers 1 एकभ ् 2 िे ekam dve बानवासयः ु सोभवासयः Days of the week bhaanuvaasaraH somavaasaraH Sunday Monday 3 त्रीखण trINi 4 चत्वारय chatvaari 5 ऩञ्च pa~ncha 6 षट् त 7 सप्त 8 अष्ट 9 नव ShaT sapta aShTa nava dasha भङ्गरवासयः ma~ngalavaasaraH Tuesday फधवासयः ु budhavaasaraH Wednesday गरुवासयः ु guruvaasaraH Thursday शिवासयः ु शतनवासयः अद्य ह्यः ऩयह्यः adya hyaH parahyaH shukravaasaraH shanivaasaraH Today Yesterday Day before yesterday Day before. day after tomorrow www. day before yesterday Tomorrow Day after tomorrow Friday Saturday 10 दश प्रऩयह्यः praparahyaH श्वः shwaH ऩयश्वः parashwaH प्रऩयश्वः praparashwaH Day after.e-gurukul.Samskruta Kranti.

when this completeness is removed. this completeness came to being. completeness is this. www. What remains is completeness.Samskruta Kranti.Commencement to Spoken Sanskrit 2011 Ending Prayer: ॐतऩणभदःतऩणसभदं तऩणाथत ्तऩणभदच्मते ू थ ू थ ू ू थ ु ऩणस्मतऩणभादामतऩणभेवावसशष्मते ू थ ू थ ू थ ॐतशास्न्ततशास्न्ततशास्न्तः हरयःतॐ हरयःतॐ श्रीतगुरुभ्मोतनभः aum pUrNamadaH pUrNamidaM pUrNaat pUrNamudachyate pUrNasya pUrNamaadaaya pUrNamevaavashiShyate oum shaanti shaanti shaantiH hariH aum shrI gurubhyo namaH hariH aum Meaning Completeness is that.e-gurukul. From that completeness. From that completeness.net | Ancient Scientific Knowledge Meets Modern Technology 18 | P a g e .

Rigveda 1-89-i Meaning -"Let Noble Thoughts come to us from all sides’' www.Commencement to Spoken Sanskrit 2011 Commencement to Spoken Sanskrit By Mrs.net | Ancient Scientific Knowledge Meets Modern Technology 19 | P a g e .net team. Aano Bhadrah Kratavo Yantu Vishwataha .Samskruta Kranti. Rashmi Kashi Was brought to you with the assistance of the technology provided by E-gurukul.e-gurukul.

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