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>>Tis the season to be striking

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>>Busting the myth
The truth about Breast Cancer in Africa

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>> High hopes for Rhodes hockey

Edition 7, 11 August 2011

Baring all for women’s rights
My Body My Choice student exhibition now open
The participants were photographed in their own choice of clothing, or appearing semi-nude or nude, with he annual My Body My writing on their bodies or posing with Choice exhibition was ofposters displaying statements like “Femficially opened on Monday this inism is the radical notion that womyn week at the Nun’s Chapel as part of are people too” and “Curves, the loveliWomen’s Week. est distance between two points”. Speaking about the exhibition’s Klazinga said, “For the past two photo shoot, Larissa Klazinga, headyears, Rhodes women have put their organiser and Student Services Officer bodies on the line to publicly proclaim said, “The women were supportive of that their bodies are their own and that each other, free to be themselves and they always have the right to choose generally left feelno matter what they ing great!” look like or what they “A woman's body is Exhibition wear.” photographer The exhibition her own and how she Roxanne Henbegan in 2009 after displays it is never an the Student HIV Aids derson said, “The aim is to empower Resistance Campaign invitation.” women. It is also (SHARC) and the an opportunity Student Services to inscribe a positive message on the Office realised that another forum for female body in response to the objectifi- women to speak out – in addition to the cation of women.” 1 in 9 Silent Protest – was needed. She said that the initiative aims to “Cosmopolitan and Fairlady magabreak the stigma that women need to be zines have had similar initiatives in the modestly dressed in order to show that past only for celebrities. It is incredible she respects her body. “A woman's body that we as ordinary women can [also] is her own and how she displays it is take part in this initiative to have our never an invitation.” voices heard,” said Tumi Twala, a First The photo shoot took place on the Year BA student. weekend of 30 July at the Africa Media SRC President Allan Magubane Matrix building. “The response was said, “The exhibition is a great way very positive. Women on campus have for women to express themselves, shown such unbelievable enthusiasm,” appreciate and celebrate their bodies in said Henderson. a way society hasn’t allowed them to.” Women were asked to register for a Klazinga used the example of time-slot, of which all had been booked the Muslim faith’s laws on dressing out by the weekend. The participants modestly. “Even if women are covered used the photo shoot to portray what head-to-foot it does not lessen the it means to be comfortable with chance of abuse occurring. The people themselves. responsible for rape are rapists, not Athina May and Laura Skippers Roxanne Henderson

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Clockwise from back: Lauren Roodt, Nikita Singh, Thirusha Raja, Shameez Joubert, Megan Ross, Lerusha Reddy and Divia Padayachee (centre) bare all in support of Women’s Week women and what we wear or don’t wear is irrelevant,” she said. In addition to the exhibition, a concert and picnic evening was held on Wednesday evening (10 August), alongside other Women’s Week events such as the performances of the Vagina Monologues today and Friday (12 August) from 19:00 - 21:00.

Roxanne Henderson

Tea with Tutu

Party restrictions back for this year’s Inter-Varsity
Carey Frazer Our campus was left trashed. The community was shocked and we received many This year’s Intervarsity – the annual sport- complaints.” ing competition between Walter Sisulu “Therefore this year we do not want any University, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan competing parties with what is happenUniversity, the Univering in East London and sity of Fort Hare (UFH) “There are to be no Alice. We encourage and Rhodes University students to go over there - will be taking place at parties whatsoever by and support their Unithe UFH campuses in Rhodes students with versity,” she said. Alice and East London In an attempt to adthe Inter-Varsity theme dress issues of transport from 12 to 14 August. SRC Oppidan Coun- related to it.” between Grahamstown, cillor Silvanus Welcome, East London and Alice, warned students staying in Grahamstown the SRC is working on organising buses that for the event, “There are to be no parties can be used by Rhodes students. whatsoever by Rhodes students with the The sporting events will be taking place Inter-Varsity theme related to it. If any are in the different regions due to the minimal found, they will be stopped.” facilities available at each UFH campus. The SRC will not be hosting any events Port Alfred will be hosting the surfing in Grahamstown for students. and golf competitions, Rhodes will be hostDean of Students, Dr Vivian De Klerk ing the swimming events and Fort Beaufort added, “There’s been a cycle over the past will host the tennis events. 10 years of progressively deteriorating beTo provide optimum safety and security haviour during this time and culminating in for Rhodes students, Rhodes Safety and an absolutely awful Intervarsity about three Events will be involved in ensuring that years ago when Rhodes hosted the event. students are secure.

Archbishop Emeritus Desmond Tutu and the Chaplain of the College of Transfiguration, Fungayi Nyandoro, enjoy a cup of tea after the morning service in Grahamstown on Sunday

2 The Oppidan Press 11.08.11

News

The Oppidan Press 11.08.11 3

Do you have something to add? Email news@theoppidanpress.com

Do you have something to add? Email news@theoppidanpress.com

News

SA Campus News
Compiled by Senior Reporter Khangelani Dziba

Over the rainbow – but where to from here?
Politics Department hosts annual teach-in
Kyla Hazell

Violence at DUT results in suspension
The recent academic disruptions that took place at the Durban University of Technology saw the Vice Chancellor and Principal Professor Ahmed C. Bawa suspend the academic programme. A media statement issued to explain the decision said, “[The violence] escalated to a point where [Professor Bawa] had no option but to call for an immediate and indefinite cessation of the academic programmes of the university.” The SRC showed its dissatisfaction concerning the financial aid system, which only catered for a handful of its First Year students. The university, which has 7800 of its student body on financial aid, later received confirmation from the National Student Financial Aid Scheme (NSFAS) that it would offer aid for an additional 500 students. “This is an unfortunate recent history at our university, that at the beginning of each semester there are re-occurring disruptions to the academic programme,” Professor Bawa said. An application for an interdict was filed and a High Court ruling was issued by Madam Justice Mokgohloa in the Durban court.

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he ninth annual Politics Teach-in had Grahamstown residents, students and academics trading their lunch-hour for debate in the Barrett Lecture Theatre last week. Themed ‘Over the Rainbow?’ and hosted by the Department of Political and International Studies, the event saw guest speakers from around the country descend upon campus to lead discussions on various issues concerning the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersexual (LGBTI) people in South Africa.

“South Africa is an example of good law and bad lives.”
Questions concerning the morality of homosexuality, our constitutional rights, correctional rape and LGBTI activism were addressed. “I think it’s been a good week. We’ve shocked many students out of complacency,” said Eusebius McKaiser, headline speaker and alumnus of both Rhodes and Oxford Universities. “But the real hard work comes

now. We need more general discussion to figure out where to from here.” McKaiser stressed the importance of recognising the gap between legal rights and social justice. “South Africa is an example of good law and bad lives,” he said. The teach-ins have become a yearly tradition in which members of the Grahamstown community are invited to join Rhodes students and staff for a week of focused conversation around a particular issue. “The idea is that it be open and public so anyone can attend. This is an attempt to bring political issues to the greater community,” said Dr Sally Matthews, Professor in the Politics Department. Though the teach-in this year had a strong turnout

Former Interface presenter, Eusebius McKaiser, was one of the speakers at the 9th annual Politics department teach-in last week

Legal workshop held for Oppidans
Senior Reporter Tsholofelo Tlhoaele

Rhodes Alumni amongst M&G’s top 200 finest
Joshua Oates A total of 19 Rhodes University Alumni featured in the Mail & Guardian 200 Young South Africans Awards this year. The Old Rhodians were nominated by Mail & Guardian researchers. “In the end we chose them for their impact, their creativity and the resonance of their values with the project of building the South Africa that we all want to live in,” said Nic Dawes, Editor-in-Chief of the Mail & Guardian. The recipients of the awards who are Rhodes alumni are (in no particular order):

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Pic sourced among politics students, Matthews expressed disappointment at the lack of attendance by the wider public.

he annual digs “what you need to know” workshop, hosted by the Oppidan Union, Rhodes Legal Aid Clinic, and Legal Activism Society, took place on Tuesday 2 August 2011. The workshop aimed to inform existing and prospective digs students of their responsibilities and rights while living as Oppidans. The Legal Aid Clinic, situated on New Street, spoke of various extreme scenarios that have occurred in digs that required legal support. The group discussed leases, sub-leases, relationships between students, landlords and estate agents, to clarify what specific rights Oppidans have. Mhulelo Ngula of the Legal Aid Clinic warned, “Do not set your hand for a signature unless you know what you are doing.” She added, “All students who sign lease agreements are

entitled to a full refund with interest of their deposit if no damages have been made to the property within a certain time period (which differs for all lease agreements).” Janine Harris, the Oppidan Hall Warden reassured all students that the role of the Oppidan Union committee - consisting of wardens, sub-wardens and a wide range of committee members - is to provide a support system to encourage responsibility and respect for all students in digs. “We are not here to police you,” Harris said, “but to ensure your University experience is as rewarding as possible.” “The Oppidan Union is an information service here to alert you to all the ins and outs of being a member of the Oppidan community,” she said. The Oppidan Union hosts a number of similar workshops each year, dealing with issues from safety and security to budgeting. For more information on signing lease agreements visit the Oppidan Union website at http://bit.ly/r2nURg.

Arts and Culture:

SRC elections to take place later this month
Call for nominations for 2011/2012 candidates
Senior Reporter Khangelani Dziba Those aspiring to hold office in the 2011/2012 Student Representative Council (SRC) have been called upon to submit their nominations to the current SRC from 3 to 12 August 2011. The elections will then be held from 22 to 29 August 2011. According to SRC President Allan Magubane, a number of changes have been introduced to this year’s proceedings. Candidates are now required to attend pre-nomination and post-nomination elections, necessary “to ensure a high quality of candidates who will then be exposed to the relations and nature (of their chosen portfolio). This will ensure that students know what they are getting themselves into,” Magubane said. These elections will be held two weeks earlier than in previous years so as to allow students time to consider who they are voting into office. This is to avoid what Magubane describes as, “an elected council yet a nonfunctioning one”. Students have also been encouraged to take part in campaigning. However Magubane insisted that “Students need to do this (run for office) for the right reasons. It is not enough to do it just for their CVs; the hours put into it need to be driven by passion.”

RMR celebrates its 30th birthday month Media:
Relebone Myambo Rhodes Music Radio (RMR), South Africa’s oldest licensed campus radio station, turned 30 years old on 1 August. According to Babalwa Nyembezi, the station’s Marketing Brands Manager, RMR has declared August its birthday month, and has planned a series of launches for the coming weeks. The launches began with guest appearances on various shows, as well as a lunch time series that ran from the end of July until the beginning of August. SRC President Allan Magubane, Dr Vivian De Klerk and Dr Sirion Roberstson (better known as ‘Father Time’) were some of the guests who have featured on the station, but Nyembezi said the station had organised for celebrities to be hosted on-air during the monthlong celebration. “We are going to get a few celebrities to call in and do live telephonic interviews,” she said. The various launches will coincide with the unveiling of a new website, new on-air jingles for the campus station and new shows. Nyembezi said she thought the Big Birthday Bash that was held on Friday 5 August was “an event that would be a crime to miss! However, RMR in connection with SHARC is hosting the Battle of the Bands competition that is going to take over events in Grahamstown for the month.” The station was a starting point for a number of South Africa’s most wellknown radio personalities, including Nicole Fox, Jeremy Mansfield and Rob Vember.

James Cairns. He is a writer, director and performer. His work has won awards such as the Naledi award for Best Performance in a One Person Show. Jon Savage is currently a DJ for 5fm. He composed the music for ‘Streets of Gold’, the South African musical. Wayne Thornley is a director who plans to release an animated movie titled ‘Zambezia’ next year, which will be the first to be released from South Africa.

Composer Bongani Ndodana-Breen. He was the youngest classical composer to win the Standard Bank Young Artist Award for music, in 1998. Rob Van Vuuren, a well-known comedian, actor, director and writer. He has appeared regularly on South African television, hosting shows such as SA’s Got Talent. He won the Strictly Come Dancing competition in 2008, as well as this year’s Comic’s Choice Breakthrough Act Award.

Helicopter crashlands on UCT field
A helicopter carrying three passengers and a pilot crash-landed at the University of Cape Town (UCT) recently. The helicopter landed on Cross Campus road on middle campus around 9:00 last week Wednesday. A student who witnessed the crash commented on Facebook, saying, “I saw it spinning around and it was touching the trees. Then it just disappeared and went boom (sic)!” UCT campus security rushed to the scene and immediately notified the police and emergency services. The passengers were not injured but the pilot was carried out by ER24 medics with minor injuries.

Science and Technology:
Rebecca Kahn is now an MA student in Digital Asset Management in England. She is interested in developing South Africa digitally and making information readily available to all South Africans. Zama Katamzi graduated with an MSc and is now a researcher at the Hermanus Magnetic Observatory, where she

Milisuthando Bongela is a columnist, fashion writer, and the co-owner of Mememe Fashion Boutique. She won the Sanlam Fashion Journalism Award in 2008. Photo journalist, Sam Reinders, has won a Mondi Award for her work on acid mine drainage, and has taken photographs for National Geographic and World Press Photo. Sarah Wild, now a science and technology correspondent for Business

Day. She won a Siemen’s Profile merit award in 2009. Natasha Joseph is the news editor for the Cape Argus, and was awarded the 1st for Women Insurance Women in the Media “Rising Star” award last year. Siki Mgabadeli currently presents SAfm’s Morning Talk with Siki as well as co-hosting Africa Inc on SABC3. Mgabadeli was awarded Sanlam’s Financial Journalist of the Year award in 2006.

Stellies: Zille encourages SRC election candidates
Western Cape Premier Helen Zille recently addressed SRC nominees on leadership at Stellenbosch University (SU). Zille spoke at the opening of the SRC-caucus elections. She said to the nominees, “Leaders are focused on the future, they do not live in the past. Leaders understand the issues of the day, but also have the ability to look into the future and act on what they see.” With a total of 19 candidates registered for the elections, Zille spoke about the characteristics of a good leader, emphasising the intelligence she deems important. She further stressed that this intelligence required not only “book smarts”, but also emotional and intuitive intelligence with the ability to think laterally. “Leaders must have good judgement and trust their judgement even when others do not agree with them,” said Zille.

Students stuck in recent snowfall Civil Society:
Zethu Mcatsha Refiloe Seseane is the founder of 18Twenty8, a non-profit organization which offers resources to young women between the age of 18 and

studies the ionosphere. Neil Blakey-Milner is a BSc graduate who is now the application operations engineer for Facebook. Sam Wilson is a digital storyteller and scriptwriter. He is responsible for the ‘Kontax’ series, written for the Shuttleworth Foundation’s M4Literacy project.

“When you become part of a leadership of that magnitude it becomes easy for you to lose yourself.”
Magubane emphasised the importance of having well-read candidates, and a spirit of good competition amongst the nominees. Babalwa Nyembezi, a Second Year BJourn student standing for Media Councillor, said, “I’m running because I believe in student governance and more importantly in transparency in student affairs.” “I think that it’s up to the SRC to set the mandate for students and lead the way in terms of what student issues should be and focus not on the trivialities but rather on broader student interests,” she said. Hazel Mokoena, a Fourth Year Law student, said she would not be running this year even after being advised to by her peers. “When you become part of a leadership of that magnitude it becomes easy for you to lose yourself. When you are campaigning you start off having these great ideas of what you want to do for the students, but when you are half way in you start to forget why you were even put in that position.”

28. Refiloe played a lead role in the soap opera Generations, and won the Youth in Philanthropy Award in 2010’s Inyathelo Philanthropy Awards.

Education:
Siphokazi Magadla works as a lecturer at Rhodes University. Her accolades include a graduate student award from the US’s National Association of Black Political Scientists.

Environment:
Do you have something to say? Email us your thoughts and opinions letters@theoppidanpress.com
Heavy snow-fall in the Eastern Cape saw Rhodes University students snowed in for up to 18 hours on the roads leading to Grahamstown at the beginning of the third term. Charmian Africa, a Third Year BA student, was one of many whose journey to Grahamstown was delayed. “At some point the driver told us that the bus was buried under half a meter of snow, and therefore could not move it,” she said. “No-one could come to us either, because roads were closed off and it was too dangerous as [the] conditions were only getting worse,” she said. Due to the extent of the snow-fall’s reach, Penhoek Pass Road, about 50km from Queenstown, was closed.

In 2010, Rhodes awarded staff member Vashna Jagarnath the Kresge Lectureship for her work on subaltern history. Jagarnath is currently a history lecturer at Rhodes University.

Politics:

Melita Steele is a climate and energy campaigner for Greenpeace in South Africa as well as the creator behind

the Solar Fan Park for the 2010 FIFA World Cup.

Mbali Ntuli is the federal chairperson for the DA. The DA Student Organisation in Grahamstown was founded by

Ntuli, and she was selected to be the Investec Young Women in Finance Graduate in 2009.

4 The Oppidan Press 11.08.11

Features
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Bakhulule Maluleka .O. Molefe, author of the blog Boos from the Pews, recently wrote about the South African equivalent of what Peter Theil, founder of PayPal, has termed the ‘higher education bubble’. According to Thiel and Molefe higher education is globally being over-credited as the only guaranteed path to success. Thiel has even started a programme called “Twenty under twenty” where he offers a monetary incentive to twenty people under the age of twenty to drop out of the formal education system and become entrepreneurs. The Oppidan Press interviewed Dr Bruce Brown, the head of the Rhodes Education Department about his thoughts regarding this issue. Concerning the idea of the bubble itself, Dr Brown finds that Thiel’s vision is too narrow. He believes Thiel should make the distinction between formal and informal education, with entrepreneurship being only a subset of informal education. Dr Brown stresses the point that, “A person who becomes an entrepreneur is not necessarily a good graduate. And a good graduate is not necessarily a good entrepreneur.” He agrees that higher education does create an easier path towards employability but it does not guarantee it. Although the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor ranks South Africa’s total early-stage entrepreneurial activity as consistently lower than average among low to middle income countries, it doesn’t mean that people are being duped into believing higher education is the only path to success. However, the records don’t support this. According to The Times Live, in January this year, hundreds of thousands of aspirant school-leaving pupils battled for fewer than 50 000 places at seven of South Africa’s biggest universities. So, if it’s true that people don’t all regard higher education as a sure path to success, why are so many of them behaving like they do?

Do you have something to add? Email features@theoppidanpress.com

Do you have something to add? Email features@theoppidanpress.com

Features
Kirsten Makin

The Oppidan Press 11.08.11 5

Is higher education the new “golden goose”?
Dr Brown’s answer is not on either side of the spectrum. When it comes to this specific part of the higher education issue, he thinks we should consider it holistically:“It starts from the six year olds starting school up to the matrics who are leaving. If you look at the grade ones, there’s a fairly large percentage with the potential to get a degree, but by grade 12 that percentage has shrunk drastically. If we could fix basic education properly we would need more places, because there would be more people to benefit from higher education.” For now, nobody is completely at fault. Not the parents, not the children or even the teachers. Dr Brown explains that education is a joint effort and therefore they need joint blame. If children were taught thoroughly, other skills would come to the forefront and people would have the freedom to genuinely choose whichever career paths they want. But this is not the case now. Many of us were lucky enough to have been taught well and to have had an ethos of hard-work instilled in us – but the

THE DOPENESS
Binwe Adebayo

Nelson Mandela hall delivers smiles and rainbows
Bakhulule Maluleka It’s seldom that we as students recognise each other for the efforts we put into enriching the Grahamstown community. We’re here for years on end – living as temporary citizens with most of the benefits of the town, yet like true citizens we can’t always take without ever giving in return. As part of a cyclical, annual community engagement project, Rhodes’ own Nelson Mandela dining hall (this year spearheaded by the young women of Helen Joseph house) organised something for the community. The hall managed to raise R3920 by selling cakes, collecting donations from Rhodes staff and selling raffle tickets. The SRC also donated R500. Speaking about the fundraising, Sibongiseni Ngcebetsha, Helen Joseph’s community engagement representative said, “It was a challenge because we started the project with nothing... no capital at all.” But in the end, the dining hall managed to buy 112 aprons for the same number of preschool children from Luzuko and St Phillips pre-schools. The children got a chance to adorn their aprons with handprints, their names and a few other special touches unique to each of them. Students from Nelson Mandela Hall played games with the pre-schoolers after a meal of hotdogs and fruit juice.

“A person who becomes an entrepreneur is not necessarily a good graduate. And a good graduate is not necessarily a good entrepreneur.”
majority of South African schoolchildren don’t. According to Dr Brown’s comments, if higher education is indeed becoming a ‘bubble’ as Thiel and Molefe think, then the bubble is a symptom of something greater. It is a sign of an education system in disrepair and which favours only a few. And this bubble will continue to grow or become more prominent in the mind of the public, until the cause itself is dealt with. Unfortunately, higher education is generally still the South African public’s “golden goose”, but the eggs it’s laying are fast losing their sheen.

JOurnalism 2

We breathe journalism
The best job in the world?

Degrees of employment: where to after graduation?
Bakhulule Maluleka For many who are either postgraduates or simply on the edge of finishing their undergrad, now is about the time to start worrying about the true realities of life. Forget living in digs, car insurance and all those other things. Now, you actually have to do the work you were reading all those papers for. This is where your degree gets serious because it is going to influence the way in which you enter the real world. The Oppidan Press did a bit of research for your benefit and found some resources you could use and what you can generally expect. Firstly, Rhodes has a career centre situated on the first floor of the Steven Biko Union – a great one-on-one resource that should be utilised by all students. Secondly, there are many websites that offer job listings and other help. Sites such as jobs.co.za, sarecruiters.ning.com and bestjobs.co.za all have multi-disciplinary job listings. Jobs.co.za also includes articles on finding the right job, changing jobs and related career moves. Other resources on the website include CV and application advice, as well as legal and contractual advice. Newspapers, noticeboards and social networks such as LinkedIn or even Facebook should also not be ignored when it comes to job hunting. As always, the categories for accounting and finance, engineering and technical skills, management, marketing and sales, and computer and telecommunications have the highest numbers of vacancies. According to Forbes (which compiled a list of the top ten best jobs for graduates) some of the jobs that are worth chasing include a network systems and data communications analyst, a sales agent and a market research analyst. If you notice, there has been nothing mentioned of something in any sense related to a Humanities degree. Going through the rest of the Forbes list produced only more market/financial-type jobs. The only jobs geared towards humanities on the list were an educational, vocational and school counsellor and a paralegal or legal assistant. What about everything else?

8-Tracks: Building musical heaven from the ground up
Bakhulule Maluleka For this issue’s instalment of ‘The Dopeness” there was a competition between four things. The first was smart phone applications and how they are revolutionising everyday life by making things “simpler, better, faster”. The second was podcasts. I know they’ve been around for a while but I never paid them much attention until recently. Ranging from radio programmes and hour-long music mixes, in the case of audio podcasts, to lessons on correct exercise methods and religious sermons in the case of video podcasts - podcasts have more than enough reason to be considered dope. Then there was the case of microblogging and its platforms. I don’t know if Twitter is still considered micro-blogging because it has carved a niche for itself and taken on a life of its own – but the true essence of microblogging would be something more akin to Tumblr. Here you can post pictures, audio and video accompanied by text in an easily accessible and aggregated format, just like a normal blog, but faster. I use Tumblr a lot – much to the annoyance of some on Twitter. So-called “Tweeps” tend to consider Tumblr as a hodgepodge of people suffering echoes of teenage angst or else still teenagers in reality. But you still can’t knock it for its easy usability and accessibility. But all of these, dope as they are cannot match up to 8 tracks (visit the website at http://8tracks.com). 8 tracks is what Jay-Z and many rappers (referencing themselves usually) would refer to as ‘next level s***’. I’ve used it for a while and the simplest description of how the website works is this: you set up an 8 tracks account. Here, you are offered the chance to create a mix of songs of your choosing and the minimum number of songs is eight. You can browse the site and listen to all the mixes without having to create your own mix though. Hundreds of thousands of mixes are created daily and people then label the mixes according to whatever genre they fall into. This is where I’ve found genres I’ve never even heard of. Forget trip-hop or acid jazz, has anyone ever heard of ‘sleaze’, ‘j-pop’ or ‘twee’? These are all genres followed by select groups of people who act as ground-level aggregators, choosing their favourite tracks and sharing them with the world. This website is virtually musical heaven. So, if you’re sick of the radio, in all its forms, take a chance on a genre you’ve never heard of. It may just prove to be your salvation.

“...when you go to the Vice Chancellor’s offices and ask for donations, the only person willing to give you the donation is the secretary...”
Jabulile Mavuso, a Third Year student and member of Helen Joseph residence commented, “The most enriching thing about the experience was that in spite of the rain, the event went according to plan and all of the children were smiling throughout.” Her sister, Busisiwe, Helen Joseph’s senior student, had this to add, “We worked really hard as a house committee and dining hall to make sure Sibongiseni’s idea was the way she envisioned it.” Even though everything went well Ngcebetsha had some suggestions regarding the support of community engagement by Rhodes University. “I think it would be great if Rhodes would not just encourage community engagement but also give it more funding. It’s amazing how the University tells the students to get involved with the Centre for Social Development but when you go to the Vice Chancellor’s offices and ask for donations, the only person willing to give you the donation is the secretary.”

Journalism, of course
The best journalism programme?

Stellenbosch, of course!
Die Departement Joernalistiek aan die Universiteit van Stellenbosch is die enigste gespesialiseerde nagraadse opleidingsinstelling vir hierdie beroep in Suid-Afrika. Dit stel die standaard vir professionele joernalistiek-opleiding vir die nuwe eeu, en skep ‘n balans tussen praktiese joernalistieke vaardighede en die blootstelling van studente aan etiese, tegnologiese, bestuurs- en kulturele aspekte van die media. Aansoeke vir die nagraadse, honneursvlak BPhil in Joernalistiek sluit elke jaar op 31 Augustus. Vir meer inligting, gaan na www.sun.ac.za/journalism. Stellenbosch University’s Department of Journalism is the only specialised postgraduate training institution for the profession in South Africa. It sets the standard for professional journalism education and training into the new century, creating balance between practical journalism skills and exposing students to the ethical, technological, managerial and cultural aspects of the media. Applications for the postgraduate, honours level BPhil in Journalism close on August 31 every year. For more information, go to www.sun.ac.za/journalism.

Amy, smack and dreams deferred
away from their end to fame? Are we too poor as a nation to have our own celebrities die in such inexplicable ways? Are we too ‘conformist’ to die this way? After posing these questions to five Rhodes students, I was smacked (sigh) with similar answers: It seems like we are just not cool enough! Of course this is very much open to debate. One would argue that in essence, South African celebrities have been ‘saved from such ills’. Again, this is debatable. Our celebrities may not be prey to deaths such as Winehouse’s but that doesn’t mean that they are immune to drugs. The only difference between the two is perhaps that surveillance is higher in ‘western’ places than in South Africa. We hardly hear of celebrities dying from drug overdoses, not because they don’t exist, but simply because they hardly get on the news for it, or rather, they have a sort of ‘privacy’ that simply does not exist in America and Britain thanks to the dreaded ‘P’ word: PAPARAZZI. Since our celebrities don’t have to worry as much about a cameraman hiding in their bushes, this naturally shields them from public persecution. Also, I’d say South African celebrities are more ‘chilled’. The denial of pleaPic sourced

A student from Nelson Mandela Dining Hall takes a step back into her past as she tries her hand at finger painting with a child from Luzuko pre-school.

Samantha Dick Luiz

“A

It’s not that there are no jobs for Humanities students rather that they have little to no publicity.
As it turns out, it’s not that there are no jobs for Humanities students, rather that they have little to no publicity when it comes to job sites and other resources. They are there though, if you look properly. Jobs including screenwriters, journalists, intelligence specialists, curators, diplomats and even jobs as special government agents are all available for Humanities students. The easiest form of employment, guaranteed to aid you in your dreams to see the world and to bring you that much closer to being a true global citizen, is being a teacher abroad. All you need is a TESL or a TEFL certificate (Teaching English as a Second Language; and as a Foreign Language respectively). With these, you can teach in Asia, Eastern Europe and the Middle East. The key to finding a job is perseverance and creativity.

nyone still making jokes about Amy Winehouse deserves a good smack. Too bad she injected it all.” It’s puns like this that have placed the late star in an undesirable light and labelled her a heroin (yet another pun). Apparently your name defines you, or rather in this context your last name does. Evidently this isn’t a mere urban legend: Winehouse lived up to her name and led a life that was filled with alcohol and drugs. This saga has sparked various debates that bring the controversies of such deaths closer to home. In a South African context, we rarely hear of the famous (or infamous) going out with such a bang. Of course there are a few exceptions such as Brenda Fassie, whom we can’t help but notice shared slight parallels in personality with the late Amy Winehouse. Both were extraordinary socialites who succumbed to the illicit pleasures of heroin. Either way, the fact is South African tabloids and lifestyle magazines rarely portray this image of dreams gone awry. What is it about the South African context that makes the spotlight shy

Amy Winehouse was found dead in her home on 23 July 2011 after a suspected drug overdose. sures such as Hollywood (in Amy’s case, whatever the British version is) and lack of billionaire bank accounts to maintain these addictions compel our celebrities to live humble lives. This humility allows our celebrities to pursue ‘cheaper’ pleasures, which perhaps explains the rising number of celebrity AIDS-related deaths: the South African dream gone viral.

6 The Oppidan Press 11.08.11

Politics
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Rise in unemployment sparks concern for future job opportunities

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nemployment has always been a growing dilema in South Africa. Peter Buwembo, acting executive manager of labour statistics, reported that the unemployment rate has increased to 25.7%. For students at various academic institutions who intend on graduating, this figure is alarming. On 28 July 2011, the Quarterly Labour Force Survey by STATS SA was released and with it came disappointing news. In the last three months, only 7 000 new jobs have been created in South Africa. What is of particular concern, as indicated by the Democratic Alliance (DA), is that in this last quarter the number of officially unemployed persons has grown by 174 000 to make a total of 4 538 000 unemployed South Africans. Buwembo understood the increase in unemployment to be a direct result of previously inactive people in the job market who are now in search of employment. Therefore this number was not a result of job losses. DA MP and shadow minister for Labour Ian Ollis stated on his website that this is evidence that the South African economy “has not been able to absorb new labour market entrants, making this the biggest contributor to the spike in unemployment.” Ollis continued, saying that President Zuma is at fault for failing to “display the leadership necessary to ensure that government does all it can to stimulate economic growth and job creation.” Whilst the issue is of great concern on a political scale, local people, especially Rhodes students, are frustrated and question what the ANC will do to counter the increase. In Grahamstown, students see unemployment in the faces of the young people that roam the streets

to enter the job market. “We are young and resilient, but our parents have not made sacrifices for us to have tertiary education, only so that the result is unemployment after graduation.” Ollis said that there are a variety of policy disputes regarding the issue and in his eyes it is becoming “increasingly clear that the Zuma administration is failing on its promise to make 2011 the year of job creation.” How can we be expected to ‘work together’, when there is no work to do? The DA believes that they have the means and the vision to execute a remedy. The opposition party has what they call, an alternative economic vision. They truly believe that it will assist in creating a “stable and sensible macroeconomic climate that can be coupled with appropriate interventions to increase job creation and skills development.” Ollis continued that such methods include wage subsidies, vouchers for young people that provide opportunity, tax rebates for skills development and also tax holidays for recently established ventures, and more. The question is whether this is in fact a Some of the organisations campaigning against unemployment in Grahamstown viable solution. Many wait in anticipation as to what Zuma without jobs. Students also wonder whether they too might meet the will do and how the ANC will actively respond. same fate. A First Year Bachelor of Social Sciences student, Aimee For students who will shortly be entering the job market, one can Fanton, said that she believes it threatens the livelihood of young only hope that the leadership in South Africa will tackle the issue and people in South Africa, especially graduates who are shortly going provide security in the form of jobs in the future.

Best of Fest: Wreckage
Vimbai Midzi The melange of the Rhodes Drama department, Ubom! East Cape Drama Company and First Physical Theatre company resulted in this magnificent piece. One audience member described it as “brilliantly spectacular” – a phrase that would sum up this play entirely. Full of music, movement and fluidity, the story explores the cultural clashes between Europeans and Africans on the coast of the Eastern Cape in the 18th and 19th centuries Directed by Brink Scholtz and choreographed by Athina Vahla, the play is primarily a drama with a splash of comedy. The physical theatre was perfectly synchronised, the sound of Ubom!’s musical talent captivating. The audience is exposed to Xhosa culture yet also to the settlers’ complex motives and Jane Rosen agendas. Nokukhanya Zulu, a Second Year drama student, said the play was “post modernism at its peak” and that she felt both “clarity and confusion” during the piece, enhancing its beauty. Rhodes’ very own Andrew Buckland starred in the show, and his humility and ability to work so well with a robust ensemble is commendable. The show pushes the boundaries of the different genres of theatre, intertwines them and creates a piece to which a local audience can particularly relate. The characters were engaging, the movements carefully thought out, and the inclusion of so many talented actors and actresses was a bold and effective move. This was definitely a show worth watching and something that should go down as one of Rhodes’ many remarkable contributions to the National Arts Festival. For coverage of other Best of Fest performances, including Taste and New Voices, go to www.theoppidanpress.com.

Arts & Entertainment

The Oppidan Press 11.08.11 7

Award winning South African band Ashtray Electric recently performed in Grahamstown

Students treated as top SA bands launch albums
David Williams hodents made their way to party as two of SA’s top acts, Ashtray Electric and Fuzigish treated students with launches of new albums. First to make their arrival heard was Ashtray Electric at the Union bar, who gave a raving performance to promote the release of their new album Measured In Falls on their nationwide tour. Supporting the Cape Town band was local three piece, The Modern Age. Ashtray Electric was winner of MKTV’S Best Newcomer Award 2009 and voted to have the potential to be SA’s next best musical export. With the bands influences ranging from Foo Fighters to The Editors, Measured In Falls incorporates a fluid mix of the soaring guitar effects of hard rock with analog synth that is sonically transient. The album also features bonus track collaboration, “Release” with band Gazelle that delves further into the bands’ melodic contour and gives the listener a contrast to the albums overall sound. Produced by Darryl Torr, who has worked with acclaimed act Zebra & Giraffe, the album explores the concept of truth and deception. “It was rad to have worked with Torr, he’s fantastic at his work and we needed someone with an external ear. We learned so much in the production process of the album,” said guitarist Rudi Cronje. “Torr would say what’s cool and what’s not, which I think made the album what it is” said bassist Regardt Nel. Measured In Falls makes a progression from their debut album Bonjour that touched on

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Zuma has his own fest in Grahamstown
Catherine Baytopp Grahamstown was buzzing with excitement during the July vacation period. Not only was the National Arts Festival in town, but so was the president of the country. On 13 July 2011 President Jacob Zuma received the Freedom of Makana Municipality Award for his successful hosting of the FIFA World Cup last year. The Makana Municipality also awarded Zuma the key to the city, which allegedly cost R250 000. Raglan Road was also changed to Dr Jacob Zuma Drive. These awards are given to people who have shown exceptional leadership abilities. These same awards were given to former President Nelson Mandela in 1996. Zuma’s lavish arrival was characterised by red carpets, flag-bearing helicopters, soldiers from the defence force and hundreds of supporters and eager school children. The town was brought to a stand still. The ceremony included a military procession and a cheerful dance from the President. Pictures of the visit show an ageing and tired looking Jacob Zuma. However, he still delighted the crowd by waving and showing off some of his moves. This presidential visit boosted Grahamstown’s publicity and the people and the municipality have been kept busy. Zuma says he hopes to visit Grahamstown frequently with his new “freedom”. Perhaps this may help to boost the political influence of Grahamstown. Municipal spokesperson Thandy Matebese said that with all the representatives and MECs that were expected in town for this event, they would take an interest in the community projects in town and support them, thus economically helping Grahamstown. But this visit has caused some unrest among people concerned about the expense for the city. Many feel that the R250 000 should have rather been used to support the townships surrounding Grahamstown or to improve the town’s failing infrastructure. With the homeless walking the streets day and night one has to wonder what benefit the President’s visit has had for the people of Grahamstown. Should such an award be handed out when the money could be spent on supplying running water to a number of homes? The Democratic Alliance also opposed the renaming of Raglan Road because they believe that the honour of a street name should not be given to a person who is still alive. In a town “Where Leaders Learn” this award given to the leader of our country seems fitting. One would hope that it inspires other politicians to lead in such a way that deserves to be rewarded. But the question has to be asked: Did being the president during the soccer World Cup deserve this award? Especially since his predecessor, who had previously won the award, fought for freedom, was imprisoned for 27 years and brought about democracy in South Africa. Ettione Ferreira

themes such as nostalgia. “Every project that we do, we aim to do better and try to build off from what we had before,” said Nel. Measured In Falls is available at all good music stores, Kalahari.net and iTunes. Gauteng Ska favourites, Fuzigish soaked the dance floor with sweat at Slipstream Sports Bar to release their anthology, Setlist. Setting the scene before punk rock reverberated down New Street, Folklore started the night with their acoustics and djembe drums only to turn up the volume for Port Elizabeth punk rock band, Sick Day September. Craziness took hold when the bassist backflipped into the crowd with his guitar. By mixing fast, melodic punk combined with brutally honest lyrics, Sick Day September generate supremacy through tight energetic live shows. “We’ve been on board with Fuzigish and it’s been crazy seeing blood being shed” said guitarist Wade McAdam. Setlist documents Fuzigish’s punk rock contribution from their debut, Skankers Union, to their third current installment, Exploited & Distorted. “It’s 13 years of work and the tracks are remixed and remastered so it just sounds more powerful” said guitarist, Jay Bones. “We’re all getting fatter but we’ve stuck to how it’s started and there’s nothing stagnant,” said bassist Malcolm King (a.k.a. Rock Well). Along with Setlist, the band has also released USB drives containing their discography. Certainly Fuzigish’s performance was well received, leading the manager of Slipstream, Mike Theron, to comment, “It’s great to have such big acts. We are proud to have Battle of The Bands again in August.”

Ubom! and First Physical Theatre Company collaborated on the show Wreckage for this year’s Festival.

The magic is over
President Zuma received the Freedom of Makana Municipality award, which is the city’s highest honour Josh White Harry Potter is over… finally. That’s what many people have surely been saying since they walked out of theatres after watching Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Part 2, the eighth and final instalment in what is now the highest grossing film franchise of all time. Woes at saying farewell to the boy wizard have perhaps influenced peoples’ views on the film, but sentimentality is to be expected, and while this is not the most expertly executed of fantasy films, it is still a moving finale. The film franchise has evolved and devolved, starting with an ingenuous kick-off instalment (Philosopher’s Stone) and its soddenly scripted sequel (Chamber of Secrets). A quick change of directors heralded in a more psychologically complex and visually arresting interpretation of Potter’s world. Mike Newell’s Goblet of Fire was probably the best of the films, while each of the next three films drifted from author J.K. Rowling’s increasingly lengthy novels. If it weren’t for the fact that we are now at the end of this journey, then Deathly Hallows, Part 2 might not have fared any better. For true fans of the series, the Harry Potter epic ended in 2007 with the release of seventh book, The Deathly Hallows. The film is a substantial cinematic achievement, if a bit hampered at times by plot confusions and inopportune comic relief. Part war epic, part coming of age tale, part weepie, it will engage all viewers emotionally. The only real weak point is a corny epilogue set 19 years after the climax of the series, in which an adult Harry Potter and friends, still played by their original actors, feebly try to wrap up the story behind sloppy make-up. Still, the muchderided decision to split the final book into two films has proved wise indeed, for finally we have a Harry Potter movie that fully addresses the complex relationships that gives the series its immersive appeal. A sense of loss has been felt by all who were part of the Potter generation and now feel that there is nothing to look forward to. We are wrong, however. It is not over. Pottermania has spawned more than a few fads that will keep the series going (Quidditch competitions and an American theme park come to mind) which should keep you from feeling ridiculous for dipping into The Deathly Hallows for the umpteenth time. Despite Rowling’s insistence that the books are finished, her latest online project, Pottermore, is indication that she still holds great affection for her literary creation. And for fans, therein lies hope that the Potter universe will live on.

End of the World
Leigh Hermon The recent closure of the News of the World (NoW) sent shock-waves through Britain and the international media. However, I don’t think many people will be willing to show up to the paper’s funeral. Its illicit activities, as revealed by The Guardian in the UK, have stirred up a number of questions around media ethics. It is sad to see one example of poorly executed reporting taint the reputation of so many other journalists. Professor Harry Dugmore of the Rhodes School of Journalism insists that ethics are vital to journalists. “For journalists anywhere in the world the ethical basis for how one does one’s job is important,” she said. The public put a great deal of trust in the media and Dugmore insists that if you have questionable morals, you’ll lose the trust of your audience. Furthermore, people are questioning the powerful influence one media corporation can hold over public opinion. News Corporation, owned by Rupert Murdoch, maintains a great deal of influence and control over media globally. The conglomerate also has holdings in newspapers, magazines, radio, movie studios and satellite and cable television groups around the world. Across the pond, Murdoch’s influence over media is also ever present due to his ownership of Fox Broadcasting Company. The company’s news station, Fox News, was undoubtedly responsible for swaying public opinion towards

US intervention in the Middle East which subsequently led to the Iraq war. Media conglomerates like News Corp present a danger to democracy. Their authority and control is questionable in a world that preaches freedom of the media. From the NoW fiasco, however, rises a powerhouse within British media, The Guardian. This paper and its reporters were the ones who continued to investigate the NoW when the police stopped. Their persistence has revealed what Dugmore refers to as “the worst of journalism and the best of journalism”. The Guardian’s exposure of NoW for what it really was at least helped to bring some form of justice and closure to the families who had been affected by the paper’s reporting techniques. However, how does a paper reach the point of no return? When does a paper stop reporting on newsworthy stories and trade-in for the latest tabloid scoop? Dugmore argues that tabloid journalism exhibited by NoW is a result of economic pressure. “Good quality journalism, like The Guardian, is struggling. The tabloid approach is the only way to make money.” According to Dugmore, the only way we’re going to ensure the quality of journalism is to find more funding for media. Of course, such support needs to be obtained with caution. Financial backing in the form of News Corp is dangerous as it leads to a high concentration of media control in the hands of the few. Instead, funding should come from the state and public (although state funding has its drawbacks too, think of the SABC). The BBC is an example of a successful broadcaster run on capital from television license fees. The media play an integral role in being the public watchdog as well as the promoters of democracy. “If you’re serious about democracy you have to fund the media,” Dugmore insists.

8 The Oppidan Press 11.08.11

Business

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Walmart: for better or worse?
Neo Khanyile

Environment
Poaching kingpin caught
Kate Janse van Rensburg A key figure in the illegal trade of rhino horns, Chumlong Lemtongthai (43), has been charged with 23 counts of improperly using a hunting permit. Lemtongthai was nabbed thanks to a yearlong investigation carried out by SARS (South African Revenue Services) officials, the Hawks and forensic investigator Paul O’ Sullivan. The Thai national had an order for 50 rhino horns when arrested. Lemtongthai had five known Thai men working as hunters beneath him. Legal trophy hunting permits had been obtained by the hunters under false pretences. The ‘trophy’ horns were then bought back from the hunters by Lemtongthai for R65 000 per kilogram. It is suspected that most of the ‘trophy hunting’ took place on a farm in the North West Province of South Africa. Rhino horns weigh in at a minimum of 3kgs and a maximum of 9kgs. A fine of three times the amount of the value of the goods is the punishment regarding the stolen goods. At the minimum 3kg weight of a rhino horn, Lemtongthai could have a minimum fine of R13 455 000 imposed upon him. Kwandwe Game Reserve General Manager, Graeme Mann, highlighted that mere financial penalties in the form of fines actually make the crime a worthwhile risk. “The profit made from poaching more often than not exceeds the fine imposed by the courts in historical cases,” said Mann. The level-five arrest of Lemtongthai will mean that various links within the illegal trade of rhino horn have been affected. This will mean a possible decline in rhino poaching within South Africa due to its key figure finally being caught. “This victory will be a hollow one if the sentence handed down is not extremely severe,” said Mann. “By severe, I mean a sentence which not only confiscates all property and assets associated with poaching incidents, but also real jail time.” There are less than 28 000 rhinos living in our world today. Over 330 rhinos were poached on South African soil alone last year. At the end of May this year, 173 rhinos had already been killed. It is assumed that by the end of 2011 an average of 400 rhinos would have been killed by poachers. The arrest of Lemtongthai is therefore a huge breakthrough in South Africa’s mission to save the rhino. Many healing properties are believed to be possessed by the horn, and it is used in some traditional Chinese medicines. There is controversy and myth surrounding its use as an aphrodisiac. However, it is also used to treat rheumatism, gout and fever, among other problems. Jeremiah Blatz

The Oppidan Press 11.08.11 9

‘Tis the season to be striking
Lee Crisp June and July marked the beginning of a large scale, significant nationwide event – and in case you were wondering, it wasn’t the mid-year examinations. Mass wage negotiations across many sectors of the economy are often accompanied by employee strike action, and have resulted in these months becoming known as “strike season”. Professor Gavin Keeton of the Economics and Economic History at Rhodes notes that the June/ July period was historically when government contracts were renewed and the terms thereof renegotiated. Thus, it is likely that “strike season” as we have come to know it exists around the same time for that very reason. The season opened on 4 July 2011 with the National Union of Metalworkers (NUMSA), which represents workers in the metal and engineering sectors, rolling out mass strike action. NUMSA demanded a wage increase of 11%-13%, while employers were offering between 4%-7%. Thereafter on 7 July 2011, the Chemical, Energy, Paper, Printing, Wood and Allied Workers Union (Ceppwawu) and the General Industries Workers Union (Giwusa) embarked on mass strike action. These two unions represent over 70, 000 workers in the chemical, paper and most notably fuel sectors. Thousands of workers in various sectors of the mining industry represented by unions such as the National Union of Mineworkers (NUM), the United Association of South Africa (UASA) and Solidarity, have downed tools and taken up strike action. Although such strikes are generally used in an attempt to place pressure on employers, their impact is often more far-reaching than is originally intended. All the above mentioned sectors are important

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he introduction of the Walmart brand to the South African public was made public a couple of months ago in news across the country. The American retailer planned to buy 51% of the South African retailer, Massmart. This deal, which has been estimated at R16.5 billion, was given the go-ahead on 31 May 2011. The deal is part of the US company’s plan to use South Africa as a stepping-stone to gain access to the rest of the continent. The “bigger and better” outlook of the American retailers promises cheaper goods for the South African consumer. But what will these cheaper prices cost the country’s economy? Earlier this year, Walmart was taken to the SA Competition Tribunal by the country’s trade unions. The South African Commercial, Catering and Allied Workers Union (Saccawu) as well as Cosatu have raised fears of severe job losses that could occur as a result of the Walmart-Massmart merger. Saccawu unionists says Walmart’s entry into the country is “akin to a second scramble for Africa and her resources”. Cosatu warns the merger will have an adverse impact on jobs and conditions “in both the retail sector and in manufacturing and other sectors that feed into the supply chain to Massmart, such as agriculture, agro-processing, chemicals, clothing and textiles”. Deputy secretary general of Saccawu, Mduduzi Mbongwe says of the merger, “We support responsible foreign direct investment, [but] we must

accept that not every investment is responsible.” Unions are worried that Walmart will bypass local suppliers and buy cheap goods from abroad. The tribunal did nothing to prevent these fears.

The fact that there is even something called "strike season" is an indication that something is seriously wrong with South Africa’s labour environment.
to the proper functioning of our economy and these strikes often have a crippling effect. It has been noted that South Africa has the fifth worst industrial conflict ranking in the world and that its global competitiveness will drop sharply due to these series of industrial actions. Analysts have stated that the fact that there is even something called “strike season” is an indication that something is seriously wrong with South Africa’s labour environment. Additionally, economists have strongly criticised the tendency of unions to demand wage increases which are higher than the inflation rate at any given time, as these essentially create higher levels of consumer spending, which in turn causes further hikes in the inflation rate. Professor Keeton states that unions should also be wary of the capability of employers to increase wages, which is directly linked to the climate of their industry at the time. Using the diamond sector as an example, he goes on further to say that as its market position is currently relatively weak, the demands of NUM are not likely to be met. Finally, he also notes that the year-on-year strikes could be mitigated if unions, employees and employers were able to negotiate longer term contracts. Despite its economic repercussions, and the impossibility of some of the demands, it appears that “strike season” is here to stay.

Walmart’s entry into the country is “akin to a second scramble for Africa and her resources”.
Saccawu has applied for a further legal appeal on the decision made by the Competition Tribunal. The appeal does not stop the two companies from continuing to implement the merger, although it could delay any action with the R100 million fund to support small local suppliers and the two-year ban on lay-offs. Walmart is also to abide by the county’s labour laws and must continue to recognise Saccawu as its main bargaining partner for at least three years. The issue of the merger has raised many contentious issues such as local producers’ security versus foreign direct investment versus cheaper priced goods. Of course the sad reality is, whatever the views of the average consumer, the full impact of Walmart’s entry into this country can only be known five or so years down the road. Right now the only indisputable beneficiaries of the Walmart-Massmart merger are the senior executives with share options who immediately benefit to the tune of a few hundred million Rands.

BlueBuck to link region’s green youth
Senior Reporter Abigail McDougall

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Safety vs profit in SA mining
Zinathi Gquma Safety improvement has always been seen as a factor that is detrimental to the profit making efforts of companies in the mining industry. Ironically, it has recently become apparent that it could just be the most significant factor in a company’s financial success. Statistics show that safety-related performance in the South African mining industry has improved over the last few years. In 2009 there were 168 deaths, and in 2010 there was a 24% improvement with 128 deaths reported. That may seem like a big achievement, but when compared to other countries, the level of disregard for people’s lives in the South African mining industry is appalling. In 2009, the U.S recorded 34 deaths and in 2010 only 48 mine deaths were recorded. The South African Government has made a few failed attempts at tightening regulation of the safety procedures applied in the mining industry. After six mine workers died in July 2010 in the process of a joint project by Anglo Platinum and Aquarius Platinum at the Marikana mine, the government issued orders to use board-and-pillar methods in all mining operations in the North West Province in an effort to prevent rock bursts and rockfalls. Due to the predicted pinch that the methods would have had on the profitability of the industry and on the general economy, the mining companies were allowed to carry on with their existing methods – the same methods that ignore human safety as a priority. The government has not been able to successfully take a firm stance on these safety procedures, instead resorting to suspending and shutting down mines that experience fatal accidents since 2007. On 11 July 2011 Harmony Gold’s largest mine, Tshepong mine in the Free State, was forced to shut down due to the death of a miner. Harmony Gold will definitely feel a significant dent in its profits, as the mine closure has resulted in a loss of between 20kg and 25kg of gold per day. This is most unfortunate for the company, since gold is at an all time high of approximately $1585. Tshepong mine contributed R1.5 billion to Harmony revenues for the nine months to end March. In light of these facts, there is no doubt that Harmony Gold will adversely feel the financial effects of this tragedy. Safety may in fact be profitable.

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he Bluebuck Network is a new organisation aimed at linking youth across Southern Africa who are involved in environmental initiatives. It was set up by students from Rhodes, Stellenbosch and UCT who saw the need for students from different universities to connect and share their experiences and projects. The idea was to facilitate cooperation and collaboration, as well as a sharing of resources. The United Nations Conference of the Parties on Climate Change (COP 17) and the youth equivalent (COY) are both to be held in Durban in November. Bluebuck also intended to help young environmentalists figure out how to represent themselves at the conference. The first night of Bluebuck saw about 45 environmentalists gather at St Peter’s building. The group’s diversity was striking; students and non-students from universities and organisations in South Africa, Swaziland and Zambia were able to meet and talk to one another. Rhodes University Vice Chancellor Saleem Badat’s opening speech and the welcome dinner quickly had everyone buzzing as they realised their common ground and capacity to work together.

Over the weekend the group was inspired and challenged by a powerful collection of speakers. Dr Badat’s speech was a reminder that in Southern Africa, environmental and social injustice are completely inseparable. He encouraged the crowd to never become accustomed to poverty and inequality and to constantly be aware of the bigger picture. Dr Tony Ribbink of the South East African Climate Consortium (SEACC) invited them to consider their potential as actors causing “ripples of change”, and the importance of leadership in responding to the global environmental crisis. Professor Heila Lotz-Sisitka, the Murray and Roberts Chair of Environmental Education, provided a workshop on ‘Learning at the community-environment interface’. She explained that the current crisis is both a dismal situation and a potential moment of human creativity. People need to find new ways of doing things, which is going to require new ways of learning and thinking. Lawrence Sisitka spoke on the problems with our current global development paradigm, and the need for a re-imagining of genuine alternatives. Student delegates from Rhodes, NMMU, UCT, Stellenbosch and the University of Swaziland presented their

initiatives to the group. Trashback, Generation Earth, the Green Times, and Project 90x2030 represented organisations run by young people outside of universities. By the end of the weekend there was a huge sense of shared energy, knowledge and inspiration among the Bluebuck delegates. They elected a new committee and decided on a vision and

The current environmental crisis is both a dismal situation and a potential moment of human creativity. People need to find new ways of doing things, which is going to require new ways of learning and thinking.
direction for the future of the network. Bluebuck has sparked connections that have already given new momentum to young environmentalists in Southern Africa, and hopes to continue to do so in the future.

The beginner’s guide to US debt: the super broke super power
Sisa Matabiswana The US has a debt of $14.3 Trillion. Yes, trillion. Debt which has been amassed by excessive spending. Recent talks have been centred on the possibility of the government not being able to pay its debt. This includes not being able to pay pensions, as well as businesses that do work for the government. With lots of promises of cutting spending and raising their debt ceiling, they appear to have managed to save themselves. The only problem is that having an almost-default may mean they get downgraded in their credit ratings, something that has never happened to them before. With many other big playing countries such as Russia and China holding a lot of US debt, their ever increasing problem has potential to shake the world up once again. But how did it get so bad? Governments have been hard at work trying to resuscitate their own economies. This has been done through them spending a lot of money, and essentially, encouraging people to spend, in turn putting money back into the economy. In the US, it is reported that currently their spending outweighs their revenues by $118 billion a month. Yes, a month. The problem is that, like in any house, there comes a point when “ballin” has to stop and bills have to be paid, and this is where America has just reached its ceiling. It is inevitable that at some point the $14.3 trillion debt will catch up with them, but till then, it’s a tight budget in the US of A.

Domestic and international flights, car rental, van rental, accommodation reservations, bus/coach bookings, visa applications, travel insurance.

10 The Oppidan Press 11.08.11

Sci-tech
Clint Veale

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Pic sourced

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Drugs from the sea
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e live on a truly blue planet, with 70% of the Earth’s surface covered by seawater. The marine environment amazingly accounts for 95% of the world’s biosphere. Sea life in all its forms thrives from deep mid-ocean trenches to sandy beaches and the rocky shores lining our coasts. Many of our largest coastal cities are only a short boat trip from underwater reefs where delicate sea-slugs patrol colourful carpets of sedentary marine invertebrates, including sponges, sea-fans, corals and sea-squirts, all searching for a space to feed, reproduce and spread. In this environment, the ability to protect oneself is crucial for survival. Many of these marine invertebrates have the ability to produce toxic organic compounds known as marine natural products, which they use as a chemical defence in the absence of hard shells to deter predators and mediate turf wars on the reef. Over the last 40 years scientists across the globe have been surveying our oceans biodiversity in an attempt to identify natural products looking for new drugs to combat many of the disease that beset humans. Two marine natural products, Ziconotide from the cone snail Conus magnus and Trabectidin from the Caribbean sea-squirt Ecteinascidia turbinata are presently in clinical use for the treatment of chronic pain and cancers of the soft tissue respectively, while at least 15 other marine natural products are currently at various stages of development in the drug discovery pipeline. Even the HIV drug AZT can trace its roots back to an antiviral natural product originally obtained from a Caribbean marine sponge. Marine natural products are usually produced in vanishingly small amounts by marine invertebrates and it is therefore environmentally and practically not feasible to harvest the quantities of potential drug compounds needed, directly from wild populations. To overcome this problem, scientists attempt to make these marine mol-

Sports
Taryn Murray

The Oppidan Press 11.08.11 11

Rhodes impress at national tournament
Morgan Collins

H
Cone snails are just one of the marine species used in the treatment of cancer. ecules in the laboratory from simple starting material. Sadly, nature is a much better chemist than we are, and many of these attempts to synthesise marine natural products can take many years. Rhodes University has a proud history of marine natural product research. Over the last 20 years, researchers have been learning about the wonders of marine chemistry, identifying and attempting to synthesise marine natural products in an effort to find chemical compounds that might help against the many different forms of cancer, malaria and microbial infections.

The changing face of Game review: Duke breast cancer
Buhle Moyo and Lara Contu The face of breast cancer is changing. The disease is often perceived as a disease of the developed world, but this has been shown to be false. It is estimated that over 50% of the deaths arising from breast cancer happen to women who live in developing countries. By 2020, it is estimated that 70% of all new cancer cases will occur within the developing world. In South Africa, breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women, and one in 29 women are at risk of developing the disease. Studies have found that women of African descent are more susceptible to a more aggressive, triple-negative subtype of breast cancer. This form has been shown to spread to other parts of the body and is less responsive to standard treatment. Male breast cancer shows a higher incidence in some parts of Africa compared to countries such as the USA and Japan, with Zambia and Egypt reporting 15 and 12 times more cases, respectively. Beating breast cancer requires a better understanding of the disease. Targeted therapies involve treatments which block the growth of cancer cells by targeting specific proteins key to the development and maintenance of cancer. These treatments began to be developed in the late 1990s. Tamoxifen was the first targeted therapeutic used as a treatment for breast cancer, and a more recent targeted therapeutic is the Pic sourced antibody Herceptin, which is effective in the treatment of Her2 positive breast cancer.

Nukem Forever

Rhodes University Game Soc

aving been lucky to draw good pools, the Rhodes men and women hockey first teams set out for chilly Pietermaritzburg during the recent vacation to compete in the University Sport South Africa’s (USSA) National Institutional Hockey Champs. Spanning from 3 to 9 July, USSA saw Rhodes hockey teams taking on some of the top university teams from around South Africa and managed to pull off some impressive results. Both teams worked hard to prepare for this tournament, adding running drills to normal practice sessions, practicing right through exams and having a full week practice leading up to the tournament. USSA marks the biggest hockey tournament of the year, with teams aiming to move up from the B section to the A section. The men’s team finished top of their pool- only losing to the Vaal University of Technology - and had to fight exhaustion going into the semi-finals on the Friday. Matthew Watson

After 70 minutes of play they pulled off a 2-1 win over the Central University of Technology. Unfortunately, they had to settle for second place as a gruelling week of intense hockey (seven full matches in five days) got the better of them. They were ultimately defeated 1-0 by the University of the Free State. Despite not achieving their goal, coach Johannes Kloes felt that all the players “played their best throughout the tournament.” The women got dealt an unfortunate hand in their semi-finals. After full time and extra time, the score against Pukke B remained 1-1. Penalty shoot outs were marked with frustration as miscommunication about new rules resulted in goals being awarded and retractedallowing Pukke B to take a contested victory and the Rhodes women finished 4th overall. The female player of the tournament was Megan Findlay, a First Year. 4th place was considered a great starting block for this young team, according to hockey chairperson, Taryn Murray. Murray believes that with the talent in this side, you can expect to see them moving up to A section “sooner than

Mark Raines scoring a penalty flick against Tshwane University of Technology. you may think.” This view is shared by coach Neale Howarth who feels that the young team can “only continue to develop in the years to come.” For more information and full scores, check out the Rhodes Hockey teams website at www.Rhodeshockeyclub.co.za

By 2020, it is estimated that 70% of all new cancer cases will occur within the developing world.
The Cancer Research Group at the Biomedical Biotechnology Research Unit at Rhodes University studies molecular chaperones and their expression and function in normal cells verses cancer cells. Chaperones are proteins that function to maintain normal conditions within cells. They help with the folding and distribution of regulatory proteins involved in the growth and survival of cells. One such protein, Hsp90 is produced in much greater amounts in cancer cells than in normal cells. In fact, Hsp90 over expression is one of the mechanisms that enable cancer cells to survive. Hsp90 has therefore been acknowledged among researchers as an attractive target for potential anticancer therapies. Through the ongoing multidisciplinary efforts of Rhodes researchers, our understanding of Hsp90 as a target for anti-cancer therapy and our ability to exploit it are continuing to evolve. These findings will aid other researchers in the development of effective targeted therapeutics for the treatment of cancers.

Jonathan Funcke This game is infamous in the industry for going through a proverbial ‘development hell’. After 14 years, the ironically titled Duke Nukem Forever was released as the sequel to Duke Nukem 3D. This game has an ESBR Adult rating for good reasons! Forever continues from the plot of 3D, be it 12 years after the climatic event. The aliens have not had enough of Duke’s mighty boot and are set to steal Earth’s women once again. For those unfamiliar with Duke, he is the caricature of a male chauvinist. The game relies heavily on this for its source of humour: for example there is no Health Bar but rather an Ego Bar, getting shot lowers Duke’s ego for a few moments. Your maximum ego can be increased by interacting with the game world such as drinking beer, gambling or drawing phallic symbols on whiteboards. The greatest Ego reward comes from winning mini-games. Most of my time in the game was spent on those enjoyable red herrings. Without them the story doesn’t last more than a few hours. From a technical perspective the game is very bland: out-dated graphics, textures and nothing innovating in combat. The game takes nearly an hour before you get a gun and you are forced

to wait through scripted events until the blatantly linear path becomes cleared. The boss fights are average, but there are definitely some interesting moments, such as traversing a flooded & electrified restaurant kitchen after being shrunk to the size of a rat. The multiplayer does stray a little from the norm with a handful of interesting modes. But none more controversial than the ‘Capture the Babe’, a clever Duke-twist on the classic ‘Capture the flag mode’: each team must capture the enemy’s stripper and return her to their base. In transit she may Pic sourced

resist by waving her hands in front of the Heads-up Display. The player may then discipline her by giving her a slap. Thankfully it turned out to be more of a reassuring pat on the rump than a misconstrued beating. What we have here is a crude, linear, out-dated and poorly executed game that is trying desperately to keep up with today’s standard for gaming. Despite this, I strangely enough found myself laughing many a time. That is what gaming is truly about: being entertained. Enjoying this game is a matter of taste, or lack thereof.

20-20 action for Rhodes cricketers
Stefan Ploos van Amstel It’s that time of year again, and cricketers at Rhodes are eagerly awaiting the season opener. This year’s edition of the Rhodes Internal Premier League (RIPL) will begin in early September, with the tournament’s co-coordinators still in discussions about the exact dates of the first fixtures. The competition will comprise of eight teams overall. Four of these teams will be representing halls on the Rhodes campus, and four teams will consist of students who reside in private accommodation in Grahamstown. The Hill, Smuts, Founders and Winchester make up the hall teams that will be competing in the tournament, while the Platypus’s, Studs, Turtles and Oppie make up the remainder of the teams in the competition. The format of the tournament is a simple one: two groups of four, where the teams will play one another in a round robin stage. The two teams who finish top of their pools will advance to a straight knock-out stage - the semi-finals. The winners of those two respective games will proceed through to the final, where the winner of the overall competition will be decided. The losing semi-finalists will also play each other in a 3rd-4th place playoff. If you are not a member of the cricket club, or you are in private accommodation, do not worry: trials and practise dates will be advertised soon. The RIPL is a great initiative, and looks to be a tournament to be enjoyed by both players and spectators. Played at night, under the bright lights of the Rhodes fields, the tournament has the potential to produce a great atmosphere, and players and organisers alike will be hoping for similar support to the internal rugby league. So get down to support your friends in action, as this year’s RIPL looks set to take off.

Joe Slovo’s Harvey de Wit serves a shot at Rhodes Badminton practice

Rhodes badminton on the rise
Fiona Christensen Badminton at Rhodes has had a positive first semester this year, and there are hopes for the second semester to better the last through increased league games and more participation and support from students. Run by Björn Krietsch, Matthew Watson and Bianca Wernecke, the trio have taken badminton to new heights, making Rhodes University one of the only universities in the Eastern Cape to have an active badminton team. They aim to become one of the stronger sports clubs at Rhodes, and are looking to increase the numbers that play this fast and fun sport. The number of female participants has already increased and there is hope for more to join. They currently have a men’s team participating in The infamous Duke Nukem returns in Duke Nukem Forever. the regional badminton league who play against some of the top badminton players in the Eastern Cape. They have been fairing well and have won a good number of their games in both doubles and singles. Rhodes badminton hopes that next year they will be able to enter a women’s team into the league. The benefit of playing in the regional league is that it’s a great way to improve in the face of tough competition. Earlier in the year the club hosted the Inter-Res badminton and it was a great success. “We were very impressed at the turn out and enthusiasm brought forward from all the residences. The tournament was great fun and everyone enjoyed themselves as they battled it out on the courts,” said Watson. Participants went all out for the event, some even dressing up in interesting outfits to compete for a R120 gift voucher for Debonairs. Ruth First played Oriel in the finals of the women’s section, and after a tough match, Ruth First clinched a victory. In the men’s section, Joe Slovo played Winchester and managed to remain ahead in the tight game and win the match. “I was introduced into badminton this year for the first time and it was very foreign to me at first, but now I thoroughly enjoy playing the sport; releasing stress on the court and getting good exercise in a fun and enjoyable manner. It would be great for us if more people took part in the sport so more competition could take place between us,” says Sheila David, a keen beginner in badminton here at Rhodes. For those interested in joining the sport, Badminton practices are Tuesdays and Thursdays from 19:00 till 21:00 at Alec Mullins.

New instalment to the Sibo book series
Jonathan Smith Popular South African children’s book series, The Sibo series, was recently in the spotlight with the launch of its ninth installment, Sibo Sizes Things Up. The book was written by South African author, Ginny Stone - a familiar face at SciFest Africa’s ‘Phat Physics’ workshop. Commissioned by South African Agency for Science and Technology Advancement (SAASTA) and published by Pretoria’s ‘Lets Look’ Publishers, the book is also ecofriendly, using environmentally friendly paper and ink derived from soy beans for printing. Sibo’s mission in the book is to save the earth. The series covers an assortment of topics – from planting one’s own veggies, saving water and electricity, to HIV/AIDS, recycling, biodiversity and the most recent installment boasts nanotechnology. The stories are written in a nifty rhyme, with facts blended into the story line. The underlying message is that there is plenty that children can do to help make a difference to the world. Stone’s inspiration for the Sibo Series was that she felt reality is quite harsh, and children need to feel that they can help rather than being scared. “There is a huge need for children to sit up, take notice and get involved. They always think that anything with big words like global warming, sustainability, HIV/AIDS, etc are adult problems, and there’s nothing they can do about them,” explains Stone. The books outline environmental issues in a fun, non-threatening way and gently offers alternative ways of

“There is a huge need for children to sit up, take notice and get involved. They always think that anything with big words like global warming, sustainability, HIV/AIDS, etc are adult problems.”
doing things. It's all about helping to create a new generation with a different mindset.

Sports
Chelsea Nelson Pics sourced

IF YOU READ NOTHING ELSE...
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Page 7

Storm riders in Jeffreys Bay

De Villiers vs White
Denzil de Klerk With the Rugby World Cup soon approaching, serious questions are being asked as to whether or not the Springboks have what it takes to defend their much cherished possession of the William Webb Ellis Cup. If they succeed, South Africa will become the first country to be the champions at two consecutive World Cups, and will become the only country to have had its name engraved on the trophy three times. Much comparison has been made between the World Cup winning team of 2007 and the current Springbok squad. In a strategy that proved to be very successful, then coach Jake White chose to run what many called a C-team in the 2007 Tri-Nations, much to the dismay of many die-hard fans. This strategy proved to be successful, as White was able to put the strongest squad together for the World Cup. It seems as though coach Pieter de Villiers is following a similar tactic in this year’s Tri-Nations, particularly for the touring leg of the competition. Inevitably, South Africa’s first two performances against Australia and New Zealand overseas were quite dismal. While memories of the 2007 Rugby World Cup are still fresh in the minds of the South African public, a

degree of leniency has been granted to the Springboks, particularly from the media. Many, however, feel that Jake White’s strategy is irrelevant for this year’s World Cup. Among these critics is Jake White himself. In a recent press conference in Canberra, Australia, White emphasised the fact that he feels the Springboks squandered an opportunity to gain momentum before going into the World Cup. “I just think that if it's done based on the fact that it worked in 2007, I'm critical of the fact that it seems to be a sort of copy act,” White said. “I think you look at things on the merits of where the team is now.” With this year’s Tri-Nations taking place on the fringe of the World Cup, one can agree with the fact that the Springboks need to go into the tournament on a winning streak. Questions, then, too are being asked about why a large chunk of the Springbok squad was recently released to play in the local Currie Cup, as this seems to contradict the Tri-Nations strategy. With many different opinions and points of views coming out of the professional rugby world, the safest bet would be to quietly wait and see how the Springboks fare in New Zealand later this year, and ultimately, if any country is able to overcome the rather formidable looking All Blacks on their home turf.

T

he annual Billabong Pro Jeffreys Bay was held from 15-25 July. With 34 of the world’s top surfers performing, and previous title holders hoping to reclaim their title, the event was bound to be exciting - and that it was. After numerous lay days due to unfavorable conditions and 10x world champ Kelly Slater not showing up for the contest due to better waves in Fiji, Jordy Smith (pictured above) wowed the spectators with his aerial maneuvers and surfing that previous generations would probably have considered unimaginable. As the contest commentator, Stanley Badger said, “Supertubes is an easy wave to surf, but a difficult wave to master”. Supers, like very few other waves in the world, is like an open canvas and allows surfers to demonstrate raw skill on an untainted, natural wave. Jeffreys Bay is the fourth stop on the ASP men’s world tour and the winner is able to claim 10,000 valuable points, never mind $425, 000 in prize-money. South Africa’s Jordy Smith was the deserving champion- for the second year in a row as he defeated Mick Fanning (AUS) in messy conditions on the final day of the waiting period with a 15.60 and Fanning a 14.83. Patriotic South Africans (and non South Africans) watched the final in the wind and rain finding any possible form of shelter and there was still a noticeable buzz in the air. Smith is now ranked number two in the world with Australia’s Joel Parkinson in the lead.

Internal league soccer gathers pace RU Health Suite gets a makeover
Senior Reporter Zintle Ngubeni The Rhodes Internal Soccer League is gradually moving towards the business end, with teams having played over half their fixtures. Optimism is high among teams still within a chance of reaching the semi-finals. Only the top two teams from each of the two pools will fight it out for a place in the league final. Pool A has seen Zim Soc, CoryMatthews, Abu Dhabi and Black Stars among the contenders for the semi-final spot. On the other end of the log, Joe Slovo and Cullen Bowles have found the going tough during the season and have struggled to notch up regular wins. Pool B sees Team Oppie, Skova FC, MSA and Phoenix Knights still in with a shot at glory. Goal difference has been a major factor in the separation of teams. After the seventh round of games had been played, Team Oppie, Skova FC and MSA were level on points. MSA next face Micah 6:8 on Wednesday 16 August. Team captain Aashish Harry expects a challenging encounter. “We know they’ve got a couple of good players, mainly in their midfield,” he said. Harry added that the Micah defence was usually solid, which should make for a challenging offensive strategy. Harry pointed out his side’s character as a stand-out feature of this season. “After losing 4-0 to Team Oppie, we came back and beat Panush 4-1 in a cup game,” he added. The turnout of supporters at the MSA games has not gone unnoticed. “The fans have come out in numbers and it wouldn’t be the same without them.” MSA midfielder Jason Keen is wary of the threat posed by their forthcoming opponents. “It gets tougher as we move along,” he said of their next match. There were also positives to be picked from the season so far. “For the past couple of games, we’ve been defensively spectacular.” Internal League Soccer would not be the same without the support of spectators. A regular presence on the sidelines is Second Year BCom student Ryan Harrison. “I started coming to the games halfway through last year,” he explained. Harrison describes this season’s football quality as having been “jacked up a notch”, much to his enjoyment. In the week’s other fixtures, Phoenix Knights clash with Panush. Cory-Matthews are up against F11. Cullen Bowles take on Black Stars, Milner FC locks horns with KDFC and its Goldfields versus AK47. All games take place at Prospect fields. Fiona Christensen The current Rhodes Gym renovations, albeit an inconvenience, are a giant leap towards making exercising at Rhodes a more enjoyable experience. These renovations are an attempt to accommodate the increased numbers of gym goers, and to counter previous woes (such as poor air ventilation). The gym areas are going to be shifted around. The plan is to move the spinning room upstairs and shift the free weights into the previous spinning room. The downstairs gym room will be substantially bigger, and allow more space for future equipment. Another development will take place at the entrance: The gym plans to move the entrance to the centre passage and convert the current entrance into much needed storerooms. This will make the entrance larger and more accessible. In order to increase the ventilation in the gym, roofs are being reconstructed to increase height space in the passages and bring in more air from outside. Another addition is an ablution block to the aerobics hall which will allow members to have easy access to bathroom facilities without having to go through the gym. The gym has also brought in new equipment in the form of rowing machines, and will be bringing in more treadmills in the near future. This will be helpful in keeping up with the increase in numbers, “especially now with the start of semester,” says Farai Morobane, an employee of the gym, “with new exchange students, change of season and start of a new semester, more people join up and come to gym and so the increase in space and equipment will be very helpful.” Felix Munyai, the gym manager, says that the renovations will hopefully be completed towards the end of August. The health suite will be sending out regular notices regarding the renovations and other related issues.

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