TCP Variants and their evaluation in LAN TCP Reno: TCP -Ren o is ba si cal l y bu il t on five fl ow con trol al g orith

ms th at adapt th e th rou gh pu t of TCP by modifyin g it s s en din g win dow. First th e s en din g win dow is s et t o 1 an d th e s ou rce st ar t s in th e s o cal l ed Slow -St art al gorith m [1] in wh ich th e win dow i s in cr ea s ed by on e ea ch tim e an ackn owl edgm en t i s recei ved u n til a th resh ol d win dow i s r ea ch ed.

O n The Effect of The Background Traffic on TCP·s Throughput
TCP is important protocol. TCP performance is affect ed by background traffic fluctuations. The measurement of background traffic is a complex task . These fluctuations affect the throughput of the TCP. This is a comprehensive TCP performance evaluation study to understand the adaptive mechanism of TCP in various fluctuating background traffic. Network performance depends on various factors or parameters. Through simulations we c an analyze the impact of various parameters responsible for reduced throughput of the TCP. And based on this analysis, we can investigate the robustness of the TCP to fluctuations in actual network traffic. In TCP various congestion algorithms are implemented. These algorithms make TCP to behave in an adaptive nature. It utilizes the free available bandwidth on its path determin ed by the network parameters and background traffic. In short, the ¶ adaptivity¶ of TCP describes how the protocol is able to adapt to the different network conditions and how it is able to utilize the changing free capacity

Results reveal that TCP throughput reduction is a function of frequency component of the background traffic. Throughput is reduced within a critical interval of the time-scales. But what is the origin? (Read Again), We can show that by increasing the buffer size or decreasing the RTO value of the TCP source.

End-to-End Available Bandwidth: Measurement Methodology, Dynamics, and Relation With TCP Throughput
Hi The available bandwidth (avail -bw) in a network path is of major importance in congestion control, streaming applications, quality-of-service verification, server selection, and overlay networks. The basic idea is that the one -way delays of a periodic packet stream show an increasing trend when the stream¶s rate is higher than the avail -bw. We implemented SLoPS in a tool called pathload. The accuracy of the tool has been evaluated with both simulations and experiments over real -world Internet paths. Researchers have been trying to create end-to-end measurement algorithms for avail-bw over the last 15 years. packet pair, cprobe

A network path is a sequence of store-and-forward links that transfer packets from a sender to a receiver . Thus, the end-to-end avail-bw is defined as the maximum rate that the path can provide to a flow, without reducing the rate of the rest of the traffic in .
An important point is that these previous works did not correlate the variability of avail-bw with the operating conditions in the underlying pa ths.

Given that our experiments are limited to a few paths, we do not attempt to make quantitative statements about the avail -bw variability in the Internet . Instead, our objective is to show the relative effect of certain operational factors on the varia bility of the avail -bw.

The objective of this section is to evaluate the accuracy of pathload TOOLS with both NS simulations and experiments over real Internet paths.

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