LAB 4 Archimedes Principle
i) Group Members: Thanh Minh Le, Emily Ha ii) Aim: To examine Archimedes Principle in a body that is partially or totally immersed in fluid, that the buoyancy force on an object is equal to the weight of the fluid displaced by the object. That is, its apparent l oss in weight (buoyant force, B) is equal to the weight of the fluid displaced by the body. Part A iii) Method (a) : 1. Using a top-pan balance, determine the mass of the Aluminium (M Al) and wood block (Mw). 2. Using a ruler, determine the volumes of the aluminium and wood blocks. 3. Calculate densities of aluminium and wood from their respective masses and volumes using the formula m= v. Method (b): 4. Using the spring-balance , measure the apparent weight of the aluminium in air WAl and measure when the aluminium is immersed in water. 5. Calculate the apparent loss in weight of the aluminium given by WAl W. 6. Calculate the volume of water displaced as equivalent to the volume of aluminium as it is completely immersed in water (Archimedes Principle) using density of water 1.00 x 10 3 kg/m3. 7. Place the wood in a large container of water. Mark its height above the surface on the water to be h and height of the block being H . 8. In accordance to Archimedes Principle, calculate the density of the wood floating in water. Part B 9. Fill a 100cc beaker approximately two-thirds full of water and record its mass on a top-pan balance. Calculate its weight W 1. 10. Suspend the aluminium in water until it is completely immersed. Record it as W 2. 11. Determine the weight change (W2 W1) and compare this with (WAl W). vi) Part C Problem Solution i) Mass of oil displaced
Density of oil
In Part B of the experiment. The purpose of Method B is based on Archimedes Principle to measure the irregular volume of a shape based on measuring the volume of the displaced liquid once the object is submerged in water. W1 will be less than W 2 due to the buoyancy provided by the water. To find density. It states that When an object is immersed in a fluid.vii) Conclusion Method A in comparison to method B reveals more reliable measurements due to decrease systematic and instrument error. we need mass and volume. we obtain W 1 and W2 . the inaccuracy of h and H will impact on the experiment s overall accuracy and reliability of results. Hence. floating the wood on water and measuring the height about the water is not exact either as there may be human error in determining the horizontal level of the water that marks the block. use of the springbalance will cause instrument error due to inaccuracy of the instrument. According to Archimedes Principle FB = wA wF. Method A proves to be more accurate but only when the object s volume is easy to measure with a ruler. Method B can be used to measure objects that do not have symmetric or irregular shapes.
. Archimedes Principle holds true for this experimentation. Also. Using Archimedes Principle to calculate the volume of water displaced and the density of water (1. density of water and the fraction of wood submerged. E. Method B consumes more time to conduct as well as involving procedures that induce instrument errors. it is possible to determine the density of the object without determining it s volume by also applying the formula F= g V.00 x 10 3 kg/m3) we can obtain the volume of aluminium. Apparent loss in weight due to the upthrust of the water is W 2 W1. we conclude they are of equal value.g. That is the loss in weight of W 2 W1 is equal to the weight of the volume displaced by the aluminium given by W Al W. On comparison of WAl W and W2 W1. WAl W gives us the apparent loss in weight of aluminium. there is an upwardbuoyant force equal to the weight of the volume of fluiddisplaced by the object. As this method requires the equation between density of wood.