Definitions

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Euthanasia: the intentional killing by act or omission of a dependent human being for his or her alleged benefit. (The key word here is "intentional". If death is not intended, it is not an act of euthanasia) Aka Mercy Killing Voluntary euthanasia: When the person who is killed has requested to be killed. Non-voluntary: When the person who is killed made no request and gave no consent. Involuntary euthanasia: When the person who is killed made an expressed wish to the contrary. Assisted suicide: Someone provides an individual with the information, guidance, and means to take his or her own life with the intention that they will be used for this purpose. When it is a doctor who helps another person to kill themselves it is called "physician assisted suicide." Euthanasia By Action: Intentionally causing a person's death by performing an action such as by giving a lethal injection. Euthanasia By Omission: Intentionally causing death by not providing necessary and ordinary (usual and customary) care or food and water. Managed Death: AMD: An Advance Medical Directive (AMD) is a legal document that you sign in advance to inform the doctor treating you (in the event you become terminally ill and unconscious) that you do not want any extraordinary life-sustaining treatment 1 to be used to prolong your life.
Against y Chris Carlson, a Seattle resident and public relations executive also suffers from Parkinson's. And he was diagnosed with terminal cancer in 2005. Carlson says, "But what if I'd been able to give up hope, take my own life too early?" y The "right to die" will translate to premature suicide. One of his biggest concerns is that the law does not require people seeking euthanasia to undergo a formal psychiatric evaluation by a mental health professional none of the 49 physician-assisted suicide patients in Oregon last year (2007) had one, according to the Oregon Department of Health Services. Meanwhile, Carlson notes, an estimated 90% of suicides in the U.S. are associated with mental illness. y Some critics say that women and minorities are quicker than others to feel like a financial or emotional burden to their families, and may be more easily persuaded to end their lives. Others worry that the law could coerce people

For y Former Washington governor Booth Gardner leading a ballot initiative that, if approved, would allow doctors to prescribe lethal doses of narcotics to terminally ill patients who want to end their own lives. y "It is my right as a human being to decide for myself," he adds. y More than 80% of American adults agree with Gardner, another two-thirds support laws similar to Oregon's, which give people the "right to die" through physician-assisted suicide, according to the survey of 1,070 Americans released May 15 by ELDR Magazine, a publication aimed at senior citizens. More than 80% of respondents also said that, if terminally ill and in pain, they would want to be made unconscious even if it hastened death.

with disabilities into suicide. "Financial pressures motivate too many important health care decisions," says opponent Duane French, a quadriplegic. "Sick and disabled people will feel pressured to choose assisted suicide." y The 52- year-old Chantal Sebire suffers from a rare disease that has left her disfigured by facial tumors, which will also damage her brain over time and eventually kill her. y Sebire and her backers retort that preventing her from getting medical assistance to end her life swiftly and painlessly ensures months or years of additional torment from pain. Her de ath will come, after a long coma that will reduce her to being nothing but an inanimate burden on her family. y Campaign speech President Nicolas Sarkozy made last year ahead of his election, "when I hear debates on euthanasia, I tell myself that while I respect the principles, the convictions, at the bottom of my heart I still say there are limits to the suffering that can be imposed on a human." y That passive form of euthanasia, Sebire objected, was "neither dignified, humane, or respectful of me or my child ren." y Housing Minister Christine Boutin was even more pointed in rejecting Sebire's request, warning if France "gives the right to kill, we're heading towards a barbarian society."

y President George W Bush urged those who backed the Schindlers to "continue to work to build a culture of life where all Americans are welcomed and valued and protected, especially those who live at the mercy of others. The essence of civilisation is that the strong have a duty to protect the weak. In cases where there are serious doubts and questions, the presumption should be in the favour of life."

y While the AMD extends a person's autonomy on how he would like to die, euthanasia is seen as an act of killing. y "But if it is euthanasia, I remove the machine and the patient is still alive, then I would say... what else do I have to do to make sure the patient dies. So the intent is very clear. When doctors remove these machines, death is foreseeable, but it is not intended, so we make that ethical decision and intent is central to euthanasia."

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