It was obvious that something was weighing on her mind.
For most of the interview he sat in silence, weighing me up. It¶s easy to while away a few hours in a museum. They¶re trying to whip up support for their candidate. I always said he would wind up in prison. It¶s about time he wised up to the fact that times have changed. It¶s not a job I¶d wish on anybody. He looked about, trying to work out where he was. He lost this match, but don¶t write him off as a future champion. Don¶t work yourself up over such a trivial matter.
weigh sb 'down to make sb feel worried or anxious SYN burden:The responsibilities of the job are weighing her down. Ç He is weighed down with guilt. weigh sb/sth 'down to make sb/sth heavier so that they are not able to move easily:I was weighed down with baggage. weigh 'in (at sth) to have your weight measured, especially before a contest, race, etc.:Both boxers weighed in at several pounds below the limit.²related noun weigh-in weigh 'in (with sth) (informal) to join in a discussion, an argument, an activity, etc. by saying sth important, persuading sb, or doing sth to help:We all weighed in with our suggestions. Ç Finally the government weighed in with financial aid. 'weigh on sb/sth to make sb anxious or worried:The responsibilities weigh heavily on him. Ç Something was weighing on her mind. weigh sth 'out to measure an amount of sth by weight:She weighed out a kilo of flour. weigh sb 'up to form an opinion of sb by watching or talking to them
while sth a'way to spend time in a pleasant lazy way:We whiled away the time reading and playing cards.
whip 'through sth (informal) to do or finish sth very quickly:We whipped through customs in ten minutes. whip sb/sth 'up 1 to deliberately try and make people excited or feel strongly about sth SYN rouse:The advertisements were designed to whip up public opinion. Ç He was a speaker who could really whip up a crowd. 2 to quickly make a meal or sth to eat:She whipped up a delicious lunch for us in 15 minutes.
wind 'down 1 (of a person) to rest or relax after a period of activity or excitement SYN unwind 2 (of a piece of machinery) to go slowly and then stop wind sth 'down 1 to bring a business, an activity, etc. to an end gradually over a period of time:The government is winding down its nuclear programme. 2 to make sth such as the window of a car move downwards by turning a handle, pressing a button, etc.:Can I wind my window down? wind 'up (informal) (of a person) to find yourself in a particular place or situation:I always said he would wind up in prison. Ç [+ -ing] We eventually wound up staying in a
little hotel a few miles from town. Ç [+adj] If you take risks like that you¶ll wind up dead. wind 'up | wind sth 'up to bring sth such as a speech or meeting to an end:The speaker was just winding up when the door was flung open. Ç If we all agree, let¶s wind up the discussion. wind sb 'up (BrE, informal) to deliberately say or do sth in order to annoy sb:Calm down! Can¶t you see he¶s only winding you up? Ç That can¶t be true! You¶re winding me up.²related noun wind-up wind sth 'up 1 to stop running a company, business, etc. and close it completely 2 to make sth such as the window of a car move upwards by turning a handle, pressing a button, etc.
be none the 'wiser | not be any the 'wiser 1 to not understand sth, even after it has been explained to you:I¶ve read the instructions, but I¶m still none the wiser. 2 to not know or find out about sth bad that sb has done:If you put the money back, no one will be any the wiser. be wise after the e'vent (often disapproving) to understand sth, or realize what you should have done, only after sth has happened be / get 'wise to sb/sth (informal) to become aware that sb is being dishonest:He thought he could fool me but I got wise to him. put sb 'wise (to sth) (informal) to inform sb about sth
wish sth a'way to try to get rid of sth by wishing it did not exist 'wish sb/sth on sb (informal) (used in negative sentences) to want sb to have sth unpleasant:I wouldn¶t wish something like that on my worst enemy. work (at / on sth)
to do sth that involves physical or mental effort, especially as part of a job:[v] I can¶t work if I¶m cold. Ç I¶ve been working at my assignment all day. Ç He is working on a new novel. Ç She¶s outside, working on the car. Ç [vn] Doctors often work very long hours.
work (for sb/sth) | work (as sth) to have a job:Both my parents work. Ç She works for an engineering company. Ç I¶ve always worked in education. Ç Do you enjoy working with children? Ç My son is working as a teacher.
work (for sth) to make efforts to achieve sth:[v] She dedicated her life to
working for peace. Ç [v to inf] The committee is working to get the prisoners freed.
work (on sb/sth) to have the result or effect that you want:The pills the doctor gave me aren¶t working. Ç My plan worked, and I got them to agree. Ç His charm doesn¶t work on me (= does not affect or impress me).
work sth (into sth) to make a material into a particular shape or form by pressing, stretching, hitting it, etc.:to work clay Ç to work gold Ç to work the mixture into a paste
work (in / with sth) (of an artist, etc.) to use a particular material to produce a picture or other item:an artist working in oils Ç a craftsman working with wool
work a'round / 'round to sth/sb
to gradually turn a conversation towards a particular topic, subject, etc.:It was some time before he worked around to what he really wanted to say. 'work at sth to make great efforts to achieve sth or do sth well:He¶s working at losing weight. Ç Learning to play the piano isn¶t easy. You have to work at it. work sth 'in | work sth into sth 1 to try to include sth:Can¶t you work a few more jokes into your speech? 2 to add one substance to another and mix them together:Gradually work in the butter. work sth'off 1 to get rid of sth, especially a strong feeling, by using physical effort:She worked off her anger by going for a walk. 2 to earn money in order to be able to pay a debt:They had a large bank loan to work off. 'work on sb to try to persuade sb to agree to sth or to do sth:He hasn¶t said he¶ll do it yet, but I¶m working on him. 'work on sth to try hard to improve or achieve sth:You need to work on your pronunciation a bit more. Ç µHave you sorted out a babysitter yet?¶ µNo, but I¶m working on it.¶ work 'out 1 to train the body by physical exercise:I work out regularly to keep fit.²related noun workout 2 to develop in a successful way:My first job didn¶t work out. Ç Things have worked out quite well for us. work 'out (at sth) if sth works out at sth, you calculate that it will be a particular amount:[+adj] It¶ll work out cheaper to travel by bus. work sb 'out to understand sb¶s character:I¶ve never been able to work her out. work sth 'out 1 to calculate sth:to work out the answer 2 to find the answer to sth SYN solve:to work out a problem Ç [+ wh-] Can you work out what these squiggles mean? Ç I couldn¶t work out where the music was coming from. 3 to plan or think of sth:I¶ve worked out a new way of doing it. 4 [usually passive] to remove all the coal, minerals, etc. from a mine over a period of time:a worked-out silver mine work sb 'over (slang) to attack sb and hit them, for example to make them give you information 'work to sth to follow a plan, schedule, etc.:to work to a budget Ç We¶re working to a very tight deadline (= we have little time in which to do the work).
'work towards sth to try to reach or achieve a goal work sth 'up to develop or improve sth with some effort:I can¶t work up any enthusiasm for his idea. Ç She went for a long walk to work up an appetite. work sb / yourself 'up (into sth) to make sb/yourself reach a state of great excitement, anger, etc.:Don¶t work yourself up into a state about it. It isn¶t worth it. Ç What are you so worked up about? work sth 'up into sth to bring sth to a more complete or more acceptable state:I¶m working my notes up into a dissertation. work 'up to sth to develop or move gradually towards sth, usually sth more exciting or extreme:The music worked up to a rousing finale. Ç I began by jogging in the park and worked up to running five miles a day.
write a'way = write off / away write 'back (to sb) to write sb a letter replying to their letter SYN reply:I¶m afraid I never wrote back. Ç She wrote back saying that she couldn¶t come. write sth 'down 1 to write sth on paper, especially in order to remember or record it:Write down the address before you forget it. 2 (business) to reduce the value of assets when stating it in a company¶s accounts²related noun write-down write 'in (to sb/sth) (for sth) to write a letter to an organization or a company, for example to ask about sth or to express an opinion:I¶ll write in for more information. write sb/sth 'in (NAmE, politics) to add an extra name to your voting paper in an election in order to be able to vote for them²related noun write-in write sth 'into sth to include a rule or condition in a contract or an agreement when it is made write 'off / a'way (to sb/sth) (for sth) to write to an organization or a company, usually in order to ask them to send you sth SYN send off:I¶ve written off for the catalogue.
especially a vehicle. often using notes that you made earlier:to write up your notes / the minutes of a meeting²related noun write-up
He hasn¶t yet woken
up to the seriousness of the situation. including all the details.write sth 'off 1 (business) to cancel a debt.:to write off a debt / an investment 2 (BrE) to damage sth. for forged banknotes. towards the idea. especially a piece of work or an account of sth²see also write (5) write sb 'out (of sth) to remove a character from a regular series on television or radio write sth 'up to record sth in writing in a full and complete form. Sally was
up before you drive off. to recognize that sth is a failure. so badly that it cannot be repaired²related noun write-off²see also total write sb/sth 'off (as sth) to decide that sb/sth is a failure or not worth paying any attention to SYN dismiss write sth 'out to write sth on paper. etc.
Buffy chanted incantations to ward I must say I¶m beginning to warm Let the engine warm His doctor has warned him Finally. has no value. off drinking alcohol.
The staff were asked to watch out
. off evil spirits.
over her ex-boyfriend and felt like socializing again.
Ç The class needs waking up.
The new policy was desinged to weed
out corrupt party officials. etc.
warm 'down to do gentle exercises to help your body relax after doing a particular sport or activity²related noun warm-down 'warm to / towards sb to begin to like sb:I warmed to her immediately.:to ward off criticism Ç She put up her hands to ward him off.
wake 'up to become more lively and interested:Wake up and listen!²see also wake (1) wake sb 'up to make sb feel more lively:A cold shower will soon wake you up.
off. 'warm to / towards sth to become more interested in or enthusiastic about sth:The speaker was now warming to her theme. attack. illness.²see also wake (1) wake 'up to sth to become aware of sth.Catherine's tan was beginning to wear Her patience had at last worn out.
ward sb/sth 'off to protect or defend yourself against danger. to realize sth:He hasn¶t yet woken up to the seriousness of the situation.
watch 'out (informal) used to warn sb about sth dangerous:Watch out! There¶s a car coming! watch 'out for sb/sth 1 to make an effort to be aware of what is happening. especially in a threatening way:The farmer warned us off his land when we tried to camp there.warm 'up 1 to prepare for physical exercise or a performance by doing gentle exercises or practice²related noun warm-up 2 (of a machine.
'watch for sb/sth to look and wait for sb/sth to appear or for sth to happen:The cat was on the wall. an engine. 2 to advise sb not to do sth or to stop doing sth:[+ -ing] We were warned off buying the house. 2 to be careful of sth:Watch out for the stairs²they¶re steep. to guard and protect sb/sth
.) to run for a short time in order to reach the temperature at which it will operate well warm 'up | warm sb/sth 'up to become more lively or enthusiastic. watch 'over sb/sth (formal) to take care of sb/sth. so that you will notice if anything bad or unusual happens:The cashiers were asked to watch out for forged banknotes. warm sth 'up to heat previously cooked food again for eating
warn sb 'off (sth) 1 to tell sb to leave or stay away from a place or person. watching for birds. to make sb/sth more lively or enthusiastic:The party soon warmed up. etc.
especially in a way that seems slow:As the evening wore on. wear 'down | wear sth 'down to become. wear 'on (of time) to pass. wear yourself / sb 'out to make yourself/sb feel very tired:The kids have totally worn me out.wear a'way | wear sth a'way to become. or make sth become. Ç You¶ll wear yourself out if you carry on working so hard. especially by continuously attacking or putting pressure on them or it over a period of time:Her persistence paid off and she eventually wore me down. or make sth become. wear sb/sth 'down to make sb/sth weaker or less determined. wear 'off to gradually disappear or stop:The effects of the drug will soon wear off. wear 'out | wear sth 'out to become. or make sth become. gradually smaller or smoother by continuously using or rubbing it:Notice how the tread on this tyre has worn down. she became more and more nervous. gradually thinner or smoother by continuously using or rubbing it:The inscription on the coin had worn away. Ç The steps had been worn away by the feet of thousands of pilgrims.
weed sth/sb 'out to remove or get rid of people or things from a group because they are not wanted or are less good than the rest
. thin or no longer able to be used. usually because it has been used too much:He wore out two pairs of shoes last year.
a crowd of 50 000 turned
out to hear him. especially BrE) to add together several numbers or amounts in order to calculate the total SYN add up
up how much you¶ve spent. down the reference in a dictionary of quotations. down flat. up.30. he tried to turn the children I made them a reasonable offer but they turned it Astonishingly.
The article hardly touches She was just toying I finally tracked
After the divorce. and it turned In times of crisis it¶s good to have a friend to turn
We arranged to meet at the cinema at 7. to.
I gave good money for that camera. but Grant never turned
tot sth 'up (informal. out to be worthless. as if she wasn¶t really hungry. with her food. on the central issue in the whole debate. against their mother.
especially money touch sth 'off to make sth begin. Ç She hardly ate a thing. 2 to play with sth and move it around carelessly or without thinking:He kept toying nervously with his pen. usually in a way that is not expected or welcome SYN grope touch sth 'up to improve sth by changing or adding to it slightly:She was busy touching up her make-up in the mirror. but not very seriously and not for a long time SYN flirt with:I did briefly toy with the idea of living in France. informal) to touch sb sexually.
. touch sb 'up (BrE.) to land²related noun touchdown 2 (in rugby) to score a try by putting the ball on the ground behind the other team¶s goal line²related noun touchdown 'touch sb for sth (informal) to persuade sb to give or lend you sth. without going into detail:In his speech he was only able to touch on a few aspects of the problem. spacecraft. etc. especially a difficult or violent situation 'touch on / upon sth to mention or deal with a subject in only a few words. (figurative)
track sb/sth'down to find sb/sth after searching in several different places SYN trace: The police have so far failed to track down the attacker. just toyed with a piece of cheese on her plate.touch 'down 1 (of a plane.
toy with sth 1 to consider an idea or a plan.
etc. turn a'round / 'round | turn sth a'round / 'round if a business.:I tried to get my life back on track after my divorce.back on 'track going in the right direction again after a mistake. economy. especially to go home on the right / wrong 'track thinking or behaving in the right / wrong way stop / halt sb in their 'tracks | stop / halt / freeze in your 'tracks to suddenly make sb stop by frightening or surprising them. it starts being
. to suddenly stop because sth has frightened or surprised you:The question stopped Alice in her tracks. make 'tracks (informal) to leave a place. Ç I turned my chair round to face the fire. be on 'track to be doing the right thing in order to achieve a particular result:Curtis is on track for the gold medal. turn a'round / 'round | turn sb/sth a'round / 'round to change position or direction so as to face the other way. turns around or sb turns it around. failure. etc. to make sb/sth do this:Turn around and let me look at your back. Ç I lost all track of time (= forgot what time it was).
turn (sth) (around) if a game turns or sb turns it. it changes the way it is developing so that a different person or team starts to win
turn a'gainst sb | turn sb a'gainst sb to stop or make sb stop being friendly towards sb:She turned against her old friend. Ç After the divorce he tried to turn the children against their mother. keep / lose track of sb/sth to have / not have information about what is happening or where sb/sth is:Bank statements help you keep track of where your money is going.
Ç In one year she turned from a problem child into a model student. a proposal. turn sth 'in 1 to give back sth that you no longer need:You must turn in your pass when you leave the building. turn 'off | turn 'off sth [no passive] to leave a road in order to travel on another:Is this where we turn off? Ç The jet began to turn off the main runway. Ç The prince was turned into a frog by the witch. 3 to achieve a score. Ç I haven¶t even turned in Monday¶s work yet.ò note at return turn sb/sth 'down to reject or refuse to consider an offer. Ç Our car was turned back at the border. Ç They had nowhere to stay so I couldn¶t turn them away. turn sth 'down to reduce the noise. turn 'in on yourself to become too concerned with your own problems and stop communicating with others turn (from sth) 'into sth to become sth:Our dream holiday turned into a nightmare. profit. 2 (especially NAmE) to give sth to sb in authority:They turned in a petition with 80 000 signatures. performance. Ç He asked her to marry him but she turned him down. turn 'off (informal) to stop listening to or thinking about sb/sth:I couldn¶t understand the
.:The champion turned in a superb performance to retain her title. or the person who makes it:Why did she turn down your invitation? Ç He has been turned down for ten jobs so far. etc. turn 'in 1 to face or curve towards the centre:Her feet turn in. 2 (old-fashioned) to go to bed turn sb 'in (informal) to take sb to the police or sb in authority because they have committed a crime:She threatened to turn him in to the police.successful after it has been unsuccessful for a time²related noun turnaround turn sb a'way (from sth) to refuse to allow sb to enter a place:Hundreds of people were turned away from the stadium (= because it was full). turn sb/sth (from sth) 'into sth to make sb/sth become sth:Ten years of prison had turned him into an old man. to make sb/sth do this:The weather became so bad that they had to turn back. heat. produced by a piece of equipment by moving its controls:Please turn the volume down. Ç (figurative) We said we would do it²there can be no turning back. etc. etc. Ç He decided to turn himself in. turn 'back | turn sb/sth 'back to return the way you have come. Ç [+adj] He turned the lights down low.
Ç She gets turned on by men in uniform. 3 to point away from the centre:Her toes turn out. 4 to be discovered to be. gas. etc. Ç (figurative) He really knows how to turn on the charm (= suddenly become pleasant and attractive). Ç [+adj] If the day turns out wet. button.²related noun turn-on turn sb 'on (to sth) (informal) to make sb become interested in sth or to use sth for the first time:He turned her on to jazz. 'turn on sb to attack sb suddenly and unexpectedly:The dogs suddenly turned on each other. Ç Why are you all turning on me (= criticizing or blaming me)? 'turn on sth [no passive] 1 (BrE) to depend on sth:Much turns on the outcome of the current peace talks. we may have to change our plans. by moving a switch. Ç [+ to inf] The job turned out to be harder than we thought. gas. etc. to prove to be:[+ that] It turned out that she was a friend of my sister. especially sexually:Jazz has never really turned me on. to develop or end in a particular way:Despite our worries everything turned out well. Ç You never know how your children will turn out. or in questions with how) to happen in a particular way.²related noun turnout 2 (used with an adverb or adjective.:to turn off the light Ç Please turn the television off before you go to bed. 2 to stop sb feeling sexually attracted. water. turn sb/sth 'out to produce sb/sth:The factory turns out 900 cars a week. etc. turn sb 'on (informal) to make sb excited or interested. to make sb have a feeling of disgust²related noun turn-off turn sth 'off to stop the flow of electricity. turn 'out 1 to be present at an event:A vast crowd turned out to watch the procession. turn sth 'on to start the flow of electricity.lecture so I just turned off. by moving a switch.:to turn on the heating Ç I¶ll turn the television on. turn sb 'out (of / from sth) to force sb to leave a place turn sth 'out
. etc. turn sb 'off 1 to make sb feel bored or not interested:People had been turned off by both candidates in the election. water. button. 2 [no passive] to have sth as it main topic:The discussion turned on the need to raise standards. Ç The house they had offered us turned out to be a tiny apartment.
then turn it over and brown the other side. 3 (of a shop / store) to sell goods and replace them:A supermarket will turn over its stock very rapidly. 2 (BrE) to clean sth thoroughly by removing the contents and organizing them again:to turn out the attic 3 to empty sth.5 million a year. 2 to think about sth carefully:She kept turning over the events of the day in her mind. 5 to make an engine start running turn sb 'over to sb to deliver sb to the control or care of sb else. turn 'over 1 to change position so that the other side is facing towards the outside or the top:If you turn over you might find it easier to get to sleep. Ç The car skidded and turned over.²related noun turn-up turn sth 'up 1 to increase the sound. 2 (of an engine) to start or to continue to run 3 to change to another channel when you are watching television turn 'over sth to do business worth a particular amount of money in a particular period of time:The company turns over £3. after being lost:Don¶t worry about the letter²I¶m sure it¶ll turn up. 2 (of a person) to arrive:We arranged to meet at 7. especially sb in authority:Customs officials turned the man over to the police. Ç (figurative) The smell made my stomach turn over (= made me feel sick). turn sth 'over to sth to change the use or function of sth:The factory was turned over to the manufacture of aircraft parts. especially by chance.1 to switch a light or a source of heat off:Remember to turn out the lights when you go to bed. etc. etc. turn 'up 1 to be found. heat. advice. a job or a piece of luck) will turn up. turn sth 'over to sb to give the control of sth to sb:He turned the business over to his daughter.30. of a piece of equipment:Could you turn the TV
. especially your pockets 4 to make sth point away from the centre:She turned her toes out.²related noun turnover turn sth 'over 1 to make sth change position so that the other side is facing towards the outside or the top:Brown the meat on one side. especially by chance:He¶s still hoping something (= for example. 3 (of an opportunity) to happen.²related noun turnover 4 (informal) to steal from a place:Burglars had turned the house over.:She has nobody she can turn to. 'turn to sb/sth to go to sb/sth for help. but she never turned up.
He talked his father It usually helps to talk
into lending him the car. between love and duty. over your problems with someone you trust.it may come in handy.
off the police about the robbery.
The river was teeming
Don¶t throw that cardboard box Children do tie you This evidence ties He tipped
down. don¶t they? in with what we already know. round to our way of thinking. with salmon heading upstream to the mating grounds.
We finally managed to talk them Tear yourself She was torn
away from the television for one minute and listen to me. 2 (BrE) to make a piece of clothing shorter by folding and sewing it up at the bottom OPP let down²related noun turn-up 3 to find sth:Our efforts to trace him turned up nothing.up? Ç [+adj] The music was turned up loud.
. away .
solve a problem. etc. talk sth 'over (with sb) to discuss sth thoroughly.talk a'round / 'round sth to talk about sth in a general way without dealing with the most important parts of it 'talk at sb to speak to sb without listening to what they say in reply talk 'back (to sb) to answer sb rudely. talk sb 'round (to sth) (BrE) to persuade sb to accept sth or agree to sth:We finally managed to talk them round to our way of thinking. especially in order to reach an agreement or make a decision:You¶ll find it helpful to talk things over with a friend. especially sb in authority²related noun back talk talk sb/sth 'down to help a pilot of a plane to land by giving instructions from the ground talk sth 'down to make sth seem less important or successful than it really is:You shouldn¶t talk down your own achievements. talk sb 'through sth to explain to sb how sth works so that they can do it or understand it:Can you talk me through the various investment options? talk sth 'through to discuss sth thoroughly until you are sure you understand it talk sb/sth 'up to describe sb/sth in a way that makes them sound better than they really are
. Ç [+ -ing] She tried to talk him out of leaving. talk 'down to sb to speak to sb as if they were less important or intelligent than you talk sb 'into / 'out of sth to persuade sb to do / not to do sth:I didn¶t want to move abroad but Bill talked me into it. talk sth 'out to discuss sth thoroughly in order to make a decision.
tear sth 'up to destroy a document. if you can tear yourself away from the TV. etc. etc. 2 to make people in a country. making it look untidy and causing damage:They tore the room apart. especially by pulling it to pieces:The dogs tore the fox apart. SYN rip sth apart 'tear at sth to pull or cut sth violently so that it tears:He tore at the meat with his bare hands. tear sth'down to pull or knock down a building. Ç [vn-adj] He tore himself free. SYN demolish tear 'into sb/sth 1 to attack sb/sth physically or with words 2 to start doing sth with a lot of energy:They tore into their food as if they were starving. to take sth away from somewhere:Dinner¶s ready.tear yourself / sb (from sb/sth) to pull yourself/sb away by force from sb/sth that is holding you or them: [vn] She tore herself from his grasp. looking for money.
tear sb a'part to make sb feel very unhappy or worried SYN rip sb apart: It tears me apart to think I might have hurt her feelings. wall. 3 to search a place. tear yourself a'way (from sth) | tear sth a'way (from sth) to leave somewhere even though you would prefer to stay there. tear sth a'part 1 to destroy sth violently. Ç She was unable to tear her eyes away from him (= could not stop looking at him). Ç (figurative) He accused the leader of tearing up the party¶s manifesto (= of ignoring it). by tearing it into pieces SYN rip sth up:She tore up all the letters he had sent her. an organization or other place fight or argue with each other:Racial strife is tearing our country apart.
:to throw off a cold / your worries / your pursuers 2 to take off a piece of clothing quickly and carelessly:She entered the room and threw off her wet coat. annoying you. throw sth 'in 1 to include sth with what you are selling or offering. and I¶ll throw in the stool as well. etc. 'throw yourself at sth/sb 1 to rush violently at sth/sb 2 (informal. etc. throw sth 'on to put on a piece of clothing quickly and carelessly:She just threw on the first skirt
. without increasing the price:You can have the piano for $200.'teem with sth (usually be 'teeming with sth) to be full of people. to waste sth:to throw away an opportunity²see also throwaway throw sth 'back at sb to remind sb of sth they have said or done in the past. 2 to fail to make use of sth. moving around:The streets were teeming with tourists. Ç a river teeming with fish
throw sth a'side to reject sth such as an attitude. a way of life. animals. 2 to add a remark to a conversation:Jack threw in the odd encouraging comment. etc. throw yourself / sth 'into sth to begin to do sth with energy and enthusiasm throw sth/sb 'off 1 to manage to get rid of sth/sb that is making you suffer. disapproving) (usually of a woman) to be too enthusiastic in trying to attract a sexual partner throw sth a'way 1 (also throw sth 'out) to get rid of sth that you no longer want:I don¶t need that²you can throw it away. Ç That old chair should be thrown away. especially to upset or annoy them throw sb 'back on sth [usually passive] to force sb to rely on sth because nothing else is available:There was no TV so we were thrown back on our own resources (= had to entertain ourselves).
take part in a competition. throw sb 'over (old-fashioned) to stop being friends with sb or having a romantic relationship with them throw sb to'gether [often passive] to bring people into contact with each other. throw 'up to vomit SYN be sick:The smell made me want to throw up.:a small fire that threw out a lot of heat 5 to confuse sth or make it wrong:Our calculations of the cost of our trip were thrown out by changes in the exchange rate. etc. etc. throw sth 'up 1 to vomit food SYN sick up:The baby¶s thrown up her dinner. 3 to build sth suddenly or in a hurry:They¶re throwing up new housing estates all over the place. heat. 2 to make people notice sth:Her research has thrown up some interesting facts. 4 to leave your job:to throw up your career
tie sb 'down (to sth / to doing sth) to restrict sb¶s freedom. throw sth 'open (to sb) 1 to allow people to enter or visit a place where they could not go before 2 to allow people to discuss sth. often unexpectedly:Fate had thrown them together.she found. for example by making them accept particular conditions or by keeping them busy:Kids tie you down. throw sth to'gether to make or produce sth in a hurry:I threw together a quick meal. throw sth 'out 1 to say sth in a way that suggests you have not given it a lot of thought:to throw out a suggestion 2 to decide not to accept a proposal. an idea. light. 3= throw sth away 4 to produce smoke. throw sb 'out (of « ) to force sb to leave a place:You¶ll be thrown out if you don¶t pay the rent. etc. don¶t they? Ç I don¶t want to tie myself
.:The debate will be thrown open to the audience.
2 [usually passive] to connect or link sth to sth else:Her behaviour is tied up with her feelings of guilt. to happen. etc.:to tie off a rope Ç to tie off an artery tie 'up | tie sth 'up 1 to attach a boat to a fixed object with a rope:We tied up alongside the quay. especially sth illegal:Three men were arrested after police were tipped off about the raid. to make sth do this:The mug tipped over. chain. spilling hot coffee everywhere. to be closed or fastened with a knot:to tie up a garbage bag tie sb 'up 1 to tie sb¶s arms and legs tightly so that they cannot move or escape:The gang tied up a security guard. Ç We tied the boat up.²related noun tie-up 3 [often passive] to invest money so that it is not easily available for use:Most of the capital is tied up in property. or arrange for sth to happen. 4 to deal with all the remaining details of sth:We are hoping to tie up the deal by tomorrow.
tip sb 'off (about sth) (informal) to warn sb about sth that is going to happen. tie sth 'up 1 to attach an animal to sth with a rope. etc. Ç We¶ll have to tip the sofa up to get it through the door.down to coming back on a particular date. 2 [usually passive] to keep sb busy so that they have no time for other things:I¶m tied up in a meeting until 3. to close sth with string. Ç [+ that] They were tipped off that he might be living in Wales.:He left his dog tied up to a tree.²related noun tip-off tip 'up / 'over | tip sth 'up / 'over to fall or turn over. 2 to close sth with a knot. tie 'in (with sth) to match or agree with sth:This evidence ties in closely with what we already know. at the same time as sth else:The concert will tie in with the festival of dance taking place the same weekend. Ç I went into the office for an hour to tie up any loose ends (= finish remaining small jobs).
. tie 'in (with sth) | tie sth 'in (with sth) to link sth or be linked to sth.²related noun tie-in tie sth 'off to put a knot in the end of sth. thread.
especially in a careless way:The poems were tacked on at the end of the book. on it some time.we may take you up
tack sth 'on | tack sth 'onto sth (informal) to add sth to sth that already exists. along with you?
back five miles from the scene of the accident.
back what I said about you being selfish. aback by his rudeness.The last paragraph seems to have been tacked If you¶re going to the cinema.
tag a'long (behind / with sb) to go somewhere with sb.
Thanks for the invitation . on a more serious tone.
to tennis as if she¶d been playing it all her life. especially when you have not been asked or invited tag sth 'on | tag sth 'onto sth
. out on me!
His voice took
I know you¶ve had a bad day but there¶s no need to take it His greatest wish was for his daughter to take She took
over the business. do you mind if I tag Traffic is tailing I was somewhat taken I take
on as an afterthought.
Ç [vn to inf] What did you take his comments to mean?
. tail 'back (of traffic) to form a tailback
take sth (from sb) to capture a place or person.to add sth to the end of sth that already exists. Ç [vn-n] The rebels took him prisoner. Ç µBut why « ?¶ Her voice tailed away.
take sth (as sth) (not used in the progressive tenses) to understand or consider sth in a particular way:[vn] She took what he said as a compliment.
tail a'way / 'off (especially BrE) to become smaller or weaker:The number of tourists tails off in October. to get control of sth:[vn] The rebels succeeded in taking the town. Ç He was taken prisoner by the rebels. the project was a success. Ç (informal) 80 take away 5 is 75. Ç The state has taken control of the company. especially in a careless way:An apology was tagged onto the end of the letter. Ç How am I supposed to take that remark? Ç Taken overall.
take A (away) from B | take A away (not used in the progressive tenses) to reduce one number by the value of another SYN subtract:Take 5 from 12 and you¶re left with 7.
informal) to follow sb quickly:I was afraid that if I started running the man would take after me.take sb/sth for sb/sth / to be sb/sth (not used in the progressive tenses) to consider sb/sth to be sb/sth. Ç Of course I didn¶t do it! What do you take me for (= what sort of person do you think I am)? Ç [vn to inf] I took the man with him to be his father. but he couldn¶t have done it without my help. please. take a'gainst sb/sth [no passive] (old-fashioned. for example at home:Two burgers to take away. especially your mother or father:Your daughter doesn¶t take after you at all. takeout take a'way from sth [no passive] to make the effort or value of sth seem less SYN detract from:I don¶t want to take away from his achievements. etc.
. BrE) to start not liking sb/sth for no clear reason take sb/sth a'part (informal) 1 to defeat sb easily in a game or competition 2 to criticize sb/sth severely take sth a'part to separate a machine or piece of equipment into the different parts that it is made of SYN dismantle take sth a'way 1 to make a feeling. disappear:I was given some pills to take away the pain.²related noun takeaway. take sb (for sth) | take sth to be the teacher or leader in a class or a religious service:The head teacher usually takes us for French.
take sb a'back [usually passive] to shock or surprise sb very much take 'after sb [no passive] 1 (not used in the progressive tenses) to look or behave like an older member of your family. 2 (BrE) (NAmE take sth 'out) to buy cooked food at a restaurant and carry it away to eat. 2 (NAmE. pain. especially when you are wrong:[vn] Even the experts took the painting for a genuine Van Gogh.
a product. especially in a hurry:When he saw me coming he took off in the opposite direction. you return sth that you have bought there. wife or partner. so we took him in.) to become successful or popular very quickly or suddenly:The new magazine has really taken off. etc. take 'off 1 (of an aircraft. for example because it is the wrong size or does not work 2 to admit that sth you said was wrong or that you should not have said it:OK. 3 (of an idea. to come home after they have left because of a problem take sb 'back (to « ) to make sb remember sth:The smell of the sea took him back to his childhood.²related noun take-off OPP land 2 (informal) to leave a place.take sb 'back to allow sb. especially by separating it into pieces:to take down a tent 2 to pull down a piece of clothing worn below the waist without completely removing it:to take down your trousers / pants 3 to write sth down:Reporters took down every word of his speech. 4 [no passive] to go to see or visit sth such as a film / movie:I generally take in a show when I¶m in New York.²related noun intake 2 to make a piece of clothing narrower or tighter OPP let out 3 [no passive] to include or cover sth:The tour takes in six European capitals.) to leave the ground and begin to fly:The plane took off an hour late. such as your husband. for example by breathing or swallowing:Fish take in oxygen through their gills. 6 to understand or remember sth that you hear or read:Halfway through the chapter I realized I hadn¶t taken anything in. take sb 'in 1 to allow sb to stay in your home:to take in lodgers Ç He was homeless.ò note at cheat take sth 'in 1 to absorb sth into the body. I take it all back! take sth 'down 1 to remove a structure. take sb 'off
. etc. 5 to take notice of sth with your eyes:He took in every detail of her appearance. take sth 'back 1 if you take sth back to a shop / store. 2 [often passive] to make sb believe sth that is not true SYN deceive:Don¶t be taken in by his charm²he¶s ruthless. or a shop / store takes sth back.
2 (of a bus. Ç After three days she was taken off the ventilator. with sb you have invited take sb/sth 'out (informal) to kill sb or destroy sth:They took out two enemy bombers. piece of equipment. in order to reduce the total:The manager took $10 off the bill.:The chameleon can take on the colours of its background. take sth 'on [no passive] to begin to have a particular quality. Ç We¶re not taking on any new clients at present. Ç The explosion nearly took his arm off. theatre. take sth 'off 1 to remove sth. part of sb¶s body.1 to copy sb¶s voice. take sth 'out 1 to remove sth from inside sb¶s body. etc. OPP put on 2 to have a period of time as a break from work:I¶ve decided to take a few days off next week. entertainment. 3 [often passive] to stop a public service. etc. 2 [often passive] to stop sth from being sold:The slimming pills were taken off the market. to fight against sb:to take somebody on at tennis Ç The rebels took on the entire Roman army. Ç The ship took on more fuel at Freetown. take sth 'off sth 1 to remove an amount of money or a number of marks. actions or manner in an amusing way SYN impersonate 2 (in sports. appearance. etc. 4 to remove some of sb¶s hair. especially a piece of clothing from your/sb¶s body:to take off your coat Ç He took off my wet boots and made me sit by the fire.) to make sb stop playing. plane or ship) to allow sb/sth to enter:The bus stopped to take on more passengers. take yourself / sb 'off (to « ) (informal) to leave a place. Ç That experience took ten years off my life (= made me feel ten years older). take sb 'on 1 to employ sb:to take on new staff Ç She was taken on as a trainee. etc. to make sb leave a place take sb 'off sth [often passive] to remove sb from sth such as a job. performances of a show. acting. 2 [no passive] to play against sb in a game or contest. especially a part of it:How many teeth did the dentist take out?
.:The hairdresser asked me how much she should take off.:The show was taken off because of poor audience figures. take sth/sb 'on 1 to decide to do sth. club. etc. position. take sb 'out to go to a restaurant. to agree to be responsible for sth/sb:I can¶t take on any extra work. Ç His voice took on a more serious tone. etc. and leave the field or the stage:He was taken off after twenty minutes.:The officer leading the investigation has been taken off the case. etc. etc. points. television programme.
. so you had a bad day. etc. 3 to develop an ability for sth:She took to tennis as if she¶d been playing all her life. especially as a payment:The fine will be taken out of your wages. a company. for example by talking about each part in turn:The director took us through the play scene by scene. 'take to sth [no passive] 1 to go away to a place. Ç She tended to take her frustrations out on her family. especially to escape from danger:The rebels took to the hills. Don¶t take it out on me. Ç It has been suggested that mammals took over from dinosaurs 65 million years ago. although it is not their fault:OK. take sth 'over to gain control of a business. take sth 'out (of sth) to obtain money by removing it from your bank account take sth 'out of sth to remove an amount of money from a larger amount.2 to obtain an official document or service:to take out an insurance policy / a mortgage / a loan Ç to take out an ad in a newspaper 3 (NAmE) = take sth away (2) take sth 'out (against sb) to start legal action against sb by means of an official document:The police have taken out a summons against the driver of the car.:The army is threatening to take over if civil unrest continues. take 'over (from sb) | take sth 'over (from sb) 1 to begin to have control of or responsibility for sth. etc. etc. a country. especially by buying shares:CBS Records was taken over by Sony. 2 to begin to do sth as a habit:[+ -ing] I¶ve taken to waking up very early. take sb 'out of himself / herself to make sb forget their worries and become less concerned with their own thoughts and situation take 'over (from sth) to become bigger or more important than sth else. take 'up to continue. take it / sth 'out on sb to behave in an unpleasant way towards sb because you feel angry. to replace sth:Try not to let negative thoughts take over. 'take to sb/sth [no passive] to start liking sb/sth:I took to my new boss immediately.²related noun takeover take sb 'through sth to help sb learn or become familiar with sth.. disappointed. especially in place of sb else 2 to gain control of a political party. Ç He hasn¶t taken to his new school. especially starting after sb/sth else has finished:The band¶s new
or that has not been mentioned for some time:She took up the story where Tim had left off. take 'up with sb (informal) to begin to be friendly with sb. 7 to accept sth that is offered or available:to take up a challenge Ç She took up his offer of a drink.
.album takes up where their last one left off. take sth 'up with sb to speak or write to sb about sth that they may be able to deal with or help you with:They decided to take the matter up with their MP. especially for pleasure:They¶ve taken up golf. we may need you. 5 to continue sth that sb else has not finished. Ç She has taken up (= started to learn to play) the oboe. take 'up sth to fill or use an amount of space or time:The table takes up too much room. 3 to start or begin sth such as a job:He takes up his duties next week. from sb:Thanks for the invitation²we¶ll take you up on it some time. etc. Ç I think he¶s quite taken with the idea. especially sb with a bad reputation take sb 'up on sth 1 to question sb about sth. 2 (informal) to accept an offer. OPP let down 2 to learn or start to do sth.
around. 6 to move into a particular position:I took up my position by the door. Ç I won¶t take up any more of your time. take sth 'up 1 to make sth such as a piece of clothing shorter:This skirt needs taking up. 4 to join in singing or saying sth:to take up the chorus Ç Their protests were later taken up by other groups. a bet. be taken 'up with sth/sb to be giving all your time and energy to sth/sb be 'taken with sb/sth to find sb/sth attractive or interesting:We were all very taken with his girlfriend.
If the police had not stepped Stick
in when they did there would have been a serious incident. because you do not agree with them:I must take you up on that point. Ç I¶d like to take up the point you raised earlier.
step 'up to come forward:She stepped up to receive her prize.
to it. off. etc. step 'out (especially NAmE) to go out:I¶m just going to step out for a few minutes. but I couldn¶t swear
Her husband stuck
They wrote the notice in big red letters to make it stick Don¶t wander from the subject ± stick to the point.
After a busy day at work I just want to relax and switch
step a'side / 'down to leave an important job or position and let sb else take your place step 'back (from sth) to think about a situation calmly. we should finish the job today. step sth 'up to increase the amount. of sth:He has stepped up his training to prepare for the race. step 'forward to offer to help sb or give information step 'in to help sb in a disagreement or difficult situation:A local businessman stepped in with a large donation for the school. by her in good times and bad. out. as if you are not involved in it yourself:We are learning to step back from ourselves and identify our strengths and weaknesses.
He can behave badly at times but he¶d never stoop Most of my friends use word processors but I still swear I think I¶ve met him before. Ç The team coach was forced to step in to stop the two athletes from coming to blows. by my old typewriter. speed.If we stick
does. to push sth further out than sth else or through a hole:His ears stick out. etc. stick it / sth 'out (informal) to continue doing sth to the end. 'stick by sb [no passive] to be loyal to a person and support them. we¶ll need you to help us later. you¶ve got to stick at it. stick sth 'down (informal) to write sth somewhere:I think I¶ll stick my name down on the list. [v] stick (in sth) to become fixed in one position and impossible to move SYN jam:The key has stuck in the lock. SYN stand out stick 'out (of sth) | stick sth 'out (of sth) to be further out than sth else or come through a hole. Ç Don¶t stick your arm out of the car window. waiting for sth to happen or for sb to arrive:Stick around. stick 'out for sth (informal) to refuse to give up until you get what you need or want:They are sticking out for a higher pay rise.sb can stick sth (informal) [vn] used to say in a rude and angry way that you are not interested in what sb has. even when it is difficult or boring:She didn¶t like the course but she stuck it out to get the certificate. Ç She stuck her tongue out at me. 'stick to sth 1 to continue doing sth despite difficulties:She finds it impossible to stick to a diet. stick a'round (informal) to stay in a place. especially in a difficult situation 'stick by sth [no passive] to do what you promised or planned to do:They stuck by their decision.:I got sick of my boss¶s moaning and told him he could stick the job. 'stick at sth to continue to work in a serious and determined way to achieve sth:If you want to play an instrument well. offers. Ç This drawer keeps sticking.
. stick 'out to be noticeable or easily seen:They wrote the notice in big red letters so that it would stick out.
2 to continue doing or using sth and not want to change it:He promised to help us and he stuck to his word (= he did as he had promised). Ç I could have sworn (= I am sure) I heard the phone ring. stick 'up for sb / yourself / sth [no passive] to support or defend sb/yourself/sth:Stick up for what you believe. Ç Why did you let him swear at you like that? swear (to sb) | swear (on sth) to promise that you are telling the truth:[v (that)] She swore (that) she¶d never seen him before.
swear (on sth) to make a public or official promise. usually because you are angry:She fell over and swore loudly. 'stick with sb/sth [no passive] (informal) 1 to stay close to sb so that they can help you 2 to continue with sth or continue doing sth:They decided to stick with their original plan. Ç µShall we meet on Friday this week?¶ µNo.¶ Ç She stuck to her story. you
. especially in court:[v] Witnesses were required to swear on the Bible. Ç [v that] Are you willing to stand up in court and swear that you don¶t recognize him? Ç [v to inf] Remember. stick to'gether (informal) (of people) to stay together and support each other stick 'up to point upwards or be above a surface:The branch was sticking up out of the water.
swear (at sb/sth) to use rude or offensive language. Ç She taught her children to stick up for themselves at school. let¶s stick to Saturday. Ç [v] I swear to God I had nothing to do with it. Ç Don¶t worry²I¶ll stick up for you.
stoop to sth to drop your moral standards to do sth bad or unpleasant:You surely don¶t think I¶d stoop to that! Ç [+ -ing] I didn¶t think he¶d stoop to cheating.
Ç Press these two keys to switch between documents on screen. to be loyal to an organization.
1 switch (sth) (over) (from sth) (to sth) | switch (between A and B) to change or make sth change from one thing to another:[v] We¶re in the process of switching over to a new system of invoicing. but I couldn¶t swear to it (= I¶m not completely sure). etc. Ç Do you think she¶ll notice if I switch my glass with hers? 3 switch (sth) (with sb) | switch (sth) (over / around / round) to do sb else¶s job for a short time or work during different hours so that they can do your job or work during your usual hours SYN swap: [v] I can¶t work next weekend²will you switch with me? Ç [vn] Have you been able to switch your shift with anyone?
'swear by sb/sth 1 to name sb/sth to show that you are making a serious promise:I swear by almighty God that I will tell the truth. swear sb 'in | swear sb 'into sth [often passive] to make sb promise to do a job correctly.²related noun swearing-in 'swear to sth (informal) to say that sth is definitely true:I think I put the keys back in the drawer. a country. Ç [vn] When did you switch jobs? 2 [vn] switch sth (with sth) | switch sth (over / around / round) to exchange one thing for another SYN swap:The dates of the last two exams have been switched. Ç I see you¶ve switched the furniture around (= changed its position).have sworn to tell the truth.
swear sb to secrecy / silence to make sb promise not to tell sth to anyone:Everyone was sworn to secrecy about what had happened.:He was sworn in as president. 2 (not used in the progressive tenses) to be certain that sth is good or useful:She swears by meditation as a way of relieving stress. Ç [vn] Barons had to swear an oath of allegiance to the king. Ç The new prime minister was sworn into office.
certain memories stand His argument simply doesn¶t stand up
. Ç The only time he really switches off (= stops thinking about work. Many people are looking to the new council to stamp How can you stand He won¶t stand out corruption. etc. in between
I¶m happy for you to proceed. etc. with the area manager first.) is when we¶re on vacation. switch 'off / 'on | switch sth 'off / 'on to turn a light. out from the rest. machine.
by and let him treat his dog like that? for any nonsense from the staff.
My assistant will stand
In a long career. to close scrutiny. in for me while I¶m away.switch 'off (informal) to stop thinking about sth or paying attention to sth:When I hear the word µfootball¶ I switch off (= because I am not interested in it). off / on by pressing a button or switch:Please switch the lights off as you leave. but you¶d better square it
Dr Jackson¶s very busy this morning but she could probably squeeze you appointments. Ç How do you switch this thing on? switch 'over | switch sth 'over (BrE) to change stations on a radio or television
I hate to spring this
on you at such short notice.
Ç I¶m sorry to spring it on you. to force sb/sth/yourself into or through a small space:[vn] We managed to squeeze six people into the car. to start from sth:The idea for the novel sprang from a trip to India. Ç (figurative) We managed to squeeze a lot into a week (=
. sth | squeeze through. 'spring from sth (formal) to be caused by sth. through.
spring sth (on sb) to do sth. in. etc. [also vn-adj] squeeze (sb/sth) into. informal) to pay for sth for sb else:I¶ll spring for the drinks tonight.Her passion for India stems
from the time she spent there as a child. but I¶ve been offered another job. etc. ask sth or say sth that sb is not expecting:She sprang a surprise by winning the tournament. past. 'spring from « (informal) to appear suddenly and unexpectedly from a particular place:Where on earth did you spring from? spring 'up to appear or develop quickly and/or suddenly
squeeze sth (out of / from sth) | squeeze sth (out) to get liquid out of sth by pressing or twisting it hard:[vn] to squeeze the juice from a lemon Ç He took off his wet clothes and squeezed the water out. Ç freshly squeezed orange juice Ç (figurative) She felt as if every drop of emotion had been squeezed from her.
'spring for sth (NAmE.
Ç I sat squeezed up against the wall. a design.
[vn] [often passive] stamp A on B | stamp B (with A) to print letters.
stamp sb as sth to show that sb has a particular quality: Her success has stamped her as one of the country s top riders. [vn] squeeze sb (for sth) (informal) to get sth by putting pressure on sb. etc. onto sth using a special tool:I¶ll stamp the company name on your cheque.:He¶s squeezing me for £500. threatening them. etc. threatening them. although you are very busy:If you come this afternoon the doctor will try to squeeze you in.
squeeze sb/sth 'in to give time to sb/sth.we did a lot of different things). Ç Wait here to have your passport stamped.:to squeeze a confession from a suspect squeeze 'up (against sb/sth) | squeeze sb 'up (against sb/sth) to move close to sb/sth so that you are pressed against them / it:There¶ll be enough room if we all squeeze up a little. words. Ç The maker¶s name was stamped in gold on the box.
. squeeze sb/sth 'out (of sth) to prevent sb/sth from continuing to do sth or be in business:Supermarkets are squeezing out small shops. Ç [v] to squeeze into a tight dress / a parking space Ç to squeeze through a gap in the hedge Ç If you move forward a little. squeeze sth 'out of / 'from sb to get sth by putting pressure on sb. I can squeeze past. etc. Ç The box was stamped with the maker¶s name.
especially by using force or authority:All attempts at modernization were stamped on by senior officials.: Interest rates stand at 3. unpleasant or dangerous. 2 to stop sth from happening or stop sb from doing sth. height. amount.stamp sth (out) (of / from sth) to cut and shape an object from a piece of metal or plastic using a special machine or tool
'stamp on sth 1 to put your foot down with force on sth:The child stamped on the spider.
. stamp sth 'out 1 to get rid of sth that is bad. 'stamp sth on sth to make sth have an important effect or influence on sth:She stamped her own interpretation on the role. especially by using force or a lot of effort SYN eliminate:to stamp out racism 2 to put out a fire by bringing your foot down heavily on it
stand at sth to be at a particular level. Ç The world record then stood at 6.
stand (on sth) to have a particular attitude or opinion about sth or towards sb: Where do you stand on private education?
stand (for / as sth ) to be a candidate in an election:He stood for parliament (= tried to get elected as an MP).59 metres. Ç She stood unsuccessfully as a candidate in the local elections. etc.
3 not stand for sth to not let sb do sth or sth happen:I¶m not standing for it any
. stand 'down 1 stand (as sth) to leave a job or position:He stood down to make way for someone younger. 2 to be located away from sth:The house stands back from the road. µStand by your man¶ 'stand by sth to still believe or agree with sth you said.¶ stand for?¶ 2 to support sth:I hated the organization and all it stood for (= the ideas that it supported).²related noun standby 'stand by sb to help sb or be friends with them.C. stand be'tween sb/sth and sth to prevent sb from getting or achieving sth:Only one game stood between him and victory.stand a'side 1 to move to one side:She stood aside to let us pass. stand 'by 1 to be present while sth bad is happening but not do anything to stop it:How can you stand by and see him accused of something he didn¶t do?²related noun bystander 2 to be ready for action:The troops are standing by.¶ µWhat does the µT. 2 to not get involved in sth:Don¶t stand aside and let others do all the work. even in difficult situations:her famous song. decided or agreed earlier:She still stands by every word she said. 3 to think about a situation as if you are not involved in it:It¶s time to stand back and look at your career so far. Smith. 3 to stop doing a job so sb else can do it stand 'back (from sth) 1 to move back from a place:The police ordered the crowd to stand back. 2 (of a witness) to leave the witness box / stand in court after giving evidence 'stand for sth [no passive] 1 (not used in the progressive tenses) to be an abbreviation or symbol of sth:µThe book¶s by T.C.
stand 'over sb be near sb and watch them:I don¶t like you standing over me while I¶m cooking. stand 'up to sth (of materials. to not accept bad treatment from sb without complaining:It was brave of her to stand up to those bullies. Ç I¶m afraid this document will never stand up in a court of law. stand 'up (to sth) to remain valid even when tested.²related noun stand-in stand 'out (as sth) to be much better or more important than sb/sth:Four points stand out as being more important than the rest. Ç You¶ll look taller if you stand up straight. etc. Ç You must stand up for your rights.:His argument simply doesn¶t stand up to close scrutiny. Ç She¶s the sort of person who stands out in a crowd.
stem from sth (not used in the progressive tenses) to be the result of sth
. stand 'in (for sb) to take sb¶s place SYN deputize:My assistant will stand in for me while I¶m away. stand sb 'up (informal) to deliberately not meet sb you have arranged to meet.²see also outstanding stand 'out (from / against sth) to be easily seen. Ç She had learnt to stand up for herself. etc. examined closely. especially sb you are having a romantic relationship with:I¶ve been stood up! stand 'up for sb/sth to support or defend sb/sth:Always stand up for your friends. stand 'up to sb to resist sb. products. stand 'up to be on your feet:There were no seats left so I had to stand up.) to remain in good condition despite rough treatment SYN withstand:The carpet is designed to stand up to a lot of wear and tear.longer. to be noticeable:The lettering stood out well against the dark background.
He used to play in a rock band before it split
side with sb (against sb/sth) to support one person or group in an argument against sb else:The kids always sided with their mother against me.
It would be a mistake to single
Don¶t say now if you¶ll take the job .She always sides
with her son against her husband. on it first.sleep The government slipped
up badly in not releasing the documents sooner. out any particular person.do I have to spell them She splashed out on a new pair of shoes.
. out again?
My instructions were simple enough .
The cheapest articles in the sale were quickly snapped Sort out the smaller plants and throw them away. up.
She has already sounded
out her colleagues about her proposals for the department. up.
slip a'way to stop existing. especially sb you are not married to:I know he¶s going out with her. to disappear or die:Their support gradually slipped away. Ç Everyone knows she sleeps with the boss. Ç As I ran up the stairs. disapproving) to have sex with a lot of different people sleep 'in to sleep until after the time you usually get up in the morning sleep sth'off to get better after sth.single sb/sth 'out (for sth / as sb/sth) to choose sb/sth from a group for special attention:She was singled out for criticism.
slip (over) to slide a short distance by accident so that you fall or nearly fall:She slipped over on the ice and broke her leg. but I don¶t think they¶re sleeping together. especially drinking too much alcohol. by sleeping:Let¶s leave him to sleep it off. my foot slipped and I fell. so that you have time to think about it:Could I sleep on it and let you know tomorrow? sleep 'over to stay the night at sb else¶s home:It¶s very late now²why don¶t you sleep over? Ç Can I sleep over at my friend¶s house?²related noun sleepover 'sleep together | 'sleep with sb (informal) to have sex with sb.
sleep a'round (informal. Ç He was singled out as the outstanding performer of the games. 'sleep on sth (informal) to delay making a decision about sth until the next day. slip 'out
Ç [v] Suddenly. usually angry. the rope snapped. to be broken in this way:[vn] The wind had snapped the tree in two. snap sth 'up to buy or obtain sth quickly because it is cheap or you want it very much:All the best bargains were snapped up within hours. Ç [v] I was tempted to snap back angrily at him. Ç [vn] He snapped a reply.
snap (at sb) to speak or say sth in an impatient.²related noun slip-up
snap (sth) (off) to break sth suddenly with a sharp noise. It just slipped out.
snap sth 'out to say sth in a sharp unpleasant way:The sergeant snapped out an order.
snap (at sb/sth) to try to bite sb/sth SYN nip: The dogs snarled and snapped at our heels. voice:[v speech] µDon¶t just stand there. Ç The branch she was standing on must have snapped off. you say it without really intending to:I¶m sorry I said that.
. slip 'up (informal) to make a careless mistake:We can¶t afford to slip up. Ç (figurative) She¶s been snapped up by Hollywood to star in two major movies.¶ she snapped. Ç He snapped a twig off a bush.when sth slips out.
especially by punishing or attacking them:Wait till I get my hands on him²I¶ll soon sort him out! 'sort through sth (for sth) to look through a number of things. to tidy sth:The cupboards need sorting out.
sound 'off (about sth) (informal. Ç You load up the car and I¶ll sort the kids out. Ç They decided to sound out her interest in the project. sort sb 'out (informal) to deal with sb who is causing trouble.
. I¶ll sort it all out for you.sort itself 'out (of a problem) to stop being a problem without anyone having to take action:It will all sort itself out in the end. etc. can you sort out the tickets for tomorrow? sort sth 'out (from sth) to separate sth from a larger group:Could you sort out the toys that can be thrown away?²related noun sort-out sort sth/sb / yourself 'out (especially BrE) to deal with sb¶s/your own problems successfully:If you can wait a moment. often in an indirect way:I wanted to sound him out about a job. either in order to find sth or to put them in order:I sorted through my paperwork. sort sth 'out 1 (informal) to organize the contents of sth. 2 to organize sth successfully:If you¶re going to the bus station. Ç She sorted through her suitcase for something to wear. disapproving) to express your opinions loudly or in an aggressive way sound sb 'out (about / on sth) | sound sth 'out to try to find out from sb what they think about sth.
Ç He splashed his face with cold water. fall on them / it:He splashed cold water on his face.
'splash sth across / over sth to put a photograph. Ç My clothes were splashed with mud. 2to say or write the letters of a word in the right order:Could you spell that name out again?
splash sth (on / onto / over sb/sth) | splash sb/sth (with sth) to make sb/sth wet by making water. Ç Stop splashing me!
splash sth with sth [usually passive] to decorate sth with areas of bright colour. Ç [v] The results split neatly into two groups. etc. mud. Ç [+ wh-] Let me spell out why we need more money. not in a regular pattern:The walls were splashed with patches of blue and purple.
split (sth) (into sth) to divide. or to make sth divide.
. Ç He splashed out hundreds of pounds on designer clothes. in a place where it will be easily noticed splash 'down (of a spacecraft) to land in the sea or ocean²related noun splashdown splash 'out (on sth) | splash sth 'out (on / for sth) (BrE. into two or more parts:[vn] She split the class into groups of four. news story. etc. informal) to spend a lot of money on sth:We¶re going to splash out and buy a new car.spell sth 'out 1 to explain sth in a simple. clear way:You know what I mean²I¶m sure I don¶t need to spell it out.
split sth (between sb/sth) | split sth (with sb) to divide sth into two or more parts and share it between different people. Ç [v-adj] The cushion split open and sent feathers everywhere. Ç She intends to split from the band at the end of the tour. Ç The storm split a branch off from the main trunk. or to make sth tear. Ç His time is split between the London and Paris offices.:She split the money she won with her brother. etc. that sb else has done:Don¶t worry²he won¶t split on us. dishonest etc. split sb 'up to make two people stop having a relationship with each other:My friend is doing her best
. Ç [vn] How did you split your lip?
split (from / with sb) to leave sb and stop having a relationship with them:The singer split with his wife last June. 'split on sb (to sb) (BrE.
split a'way / 'off (from sth) | split sth a'way / 'off (from sth) to separate from.
split (sth) (open) to tear. Ç She¶s split up with her boyfriend. along a straight line:[v] Her dress had split along the seam. activities. a larger object or group:A rebel faction has split away from the main group. or to separate sth from. Ç [vn] Don¶t tell me you¶ve split another pair of pants! [also vn-adj]
split sth (open) to cut sb¶s skin and make it bleed:[vn-adj] She split her head open on the cupboard door. informal) to tell sb in authority about sth wrong. split 'up (with sb) to stop having a relationship with sb:My parents split up last year.
to become divided up in this way:We were split up into groups to discuss the question. Ç Let¶s split up now and meet again at lunchtime. split sb 'up | split 'up to divide a group of people into smaller parts.
The government is trying to shrug
. out the money for their party.
It took the class a while to settle
down at the start of the lesson. in yet.
The children expect me to shell Just shove He likes to show
off and leave me alone! off how well he speaks French.
They had hoped to win the match easily but in the end had to settle We only moved house last week and we haven¶t settled Have they settled We¶ve got to shake If you don¶t shape on a name for the baby yet? up all these people with old-fashioned ideas. up you¶ll fail your exams. for a draw. off blame for the economic crisis. split sth 'up to divide sth into smaller parts:The day was split up into 6 one-hour sessions.to split us up.
settle (back) to make yourself or sb else comfortable in a new position:[v] Ellie settled back in her seat. Ç I don¶t think the snow will settle (= remain on the ground without melting). settle (on / over sth) to fall from above and come to rest on sth.
settle sth | settle (up) (with sb) to pay the money that you owe:[vn] Please settle your bill before leaving the hotel. either sitting or lying:I settled down with a book. Ç His gaze settled on her face. living in one place:When are you going to get married and settle down?
. to stay for some time on sth:Dust had settled on everything. 2 to start to have a quieter way of life. Ç I¶ll pay now²we can settle up later. Ç I settled her on the sofa and put a blanket over her. Ç Two birds settled on the fence. Ç [vn] He settled himself comfortably in his usual chair. Ç [v] Let me settle with you for the meal. Ç The insurance company is refusing to settle her claim.
settle a 'score / an ac'count (with sb) | settle an old 'score to hurt or punish sb who has harmed or cheated you in the past:µWho would do such a thing?¶ µMaybe someone with an old score to settle.¶
settle 'down 1 to get into a comfortable position.
especially so that bits of dirt. an organization. in order to improve the way in which it works:a management shake-up
shake 'down (informal) to become familiar with a new situation and begin to work well in it shake sb/sth 'down (NAmE. Ç He found it hard to settle to his work. and start to feel comfortable there:How are the kids settling into their new school? 'settle on sth to choose or make a decision about sth after thinking about it:Have you settled on a name for the baby yet? 'settle sth on sb (law) to formally arrange to give money or property to sb. so I had to settle for second best. especially in a will
shake-up (in / of sth) a situation in which a lot of changes are made to a company. etc. shake sth 'up
. etc. shake sth 'out to open or spread sth by shaking. come off it:to shake out a duster shake sb 'up to surprise sb and make them think about sth in a different way. become more active. settle 'in | settle 'into sth to move into a new home.settle 'down | settle sb 'down to become or make sb become calm.:It always takes the class a while to settle down at the start of the lesson. less excited. etc. 'settle for sth to accept sth that is not exactly what you want but is the best that is available:In the end they had to settle for a draw. etc. settle (down) to sth to begin to give your attention to sth:They finally settled down to a discussion of the main issues. Ç Let¶s shake on it. Ç I couldn¶t afford the house I really wanted. informal) 1 to search a person or place in a very thorough way²related noun shakedown 2 to threaten sb in order to get money from them shake sb 'off to get away from sb who is chasing or following you 'shake on sth to shake hands in order to show that sth has been agreed:They shook on the deal. dust. etc. job.
work harder. they will have to leave their job.
. work harder. etc.
shell 'out (for sth) | shell sth 'out (for sth) (informal) to pay a lot of money for sth SYN fork out:The band shelled out $100 000 for a mobile recording studio. etc.ò note at spend
shove 'off (BrE. informal) used to tell sb rudely to go away shove 'up (BrE.
shape 'up 1 to develop in a particular way.:If he doesn¶t shape up. a profession. he¶ll soon be out of a job. informal) to move in order to make a space for sb to sit down beside you:Shove up! Jan wants to sit down. in order to make it more efficient²related noun shake-up
'shape up or ship 'out (NAmE. 2 (informal) to improve your behaviour. etc.to make important changes in an organization. position. informal) used to tell sb that if they do not improve. especially in a good way:Our plans are shaping up nicely (= showing signs that they will be successful).:He finally faced up to his drug problem when his band told him to shape up or ship out. etc.
Ç He shrugged aside suggestions that he resign. Ç Veins showed through her pale skin. Ç [+ wh-] He likes to show off how well he speaks French. etc. shrug sb/sth 'off / a'way to push sb/sth back or away with your shoulders:Kevin shrugged off his jacket Ç She shrugged him away angrily.show sb a'round / 'round (sth) to be a guide for sb when they visit a place for the first time to show them what is interesting:We were shown around the school by one of the students. 2 to make sb feel embarrassed by doing sth better than them
shrug sth 'off / a'side to treat sth as if it is not important SYN dismiss:Shrugging off her injury. to make sth become visible:a broken bone showed up on the X-ray Ç The harsh light showed up the lines on her face. possessions. she played on. Ç Has anyone shown you round yet? show 'off (informal.
. by showing their best features:a dress that shows off her figure show 'through | show 'through sth to be able to be seen behind or under sth else:The writing on the other side of the page shows through. informal) to make sb feel embarrassed by behaving badly:He showed me up by snoring during the concert. disapproving) to try to impress others by talking about your abilities. show 'up | show sth 'up to become visible. show sb 'up 1 (BrE. Ç (figurative) When he spoke.²related noun show-off show sb/sth 'off 1 to show people sb/sth that you are proud of:She wanted to show off her new husband at the party.:He¶s just showing off because that girl he likes is here. show 'up (informal) to arrive where you have arranged to meet sb or do sth:It was getting late when she finally showed up. 2 (of clothing) to make sb look attractive. his bitterness showed through.
Her clear and elegant prose sets her She sets
aside a bit of money every month. off. on my mistake. back several weeks. up her face.
The critics seized They set
about dealing with the problem in a purposeful way. apart from most other journalists.
The bad weather has set the builders If you open this door. off the alarm.
The bitter drink made her screw We all went to the airport to see her We saw
through him from the start.I¶ve been saddled
with the job of organizing the conference. it will set
saddle 'up | saddle sth 'up to put a saddle on a horse
Ç The company was saddled with debts of £12 million. debt.²see also screwed-up screw sth 'up 1 to fasten sth with screws:to screw up a crate 2 (BrE) to fasten sth by turning it:I screwed up the jar and put it back on the shelf. etc.:He took a sip of the medicine and screwed up his face. Ç How much did they screw you for (= how much did you have to pay)?
screw a'round (taboo. etc.:I¶ve been saddled with organizing the conference.²related noun screw-up screw your 'eyes / 'face up to contract the muscles of your eyes or face because the light is too strong. you are in pain. task. screw sb (for sth) (slang) to cheat sb. screw 'up (slang. into a tight ball:I screwed up the letter and threw it into the fire. especially by making them pay too much money for sth:We¶ve been screwed. 3 (slang) to do sth badly or spoil sth:Don¶t screw it up this time.
. slang) to have sex with a lot of different people screw sth 'from / 'out of sb to force sb to give you sth:They screwed the money out of her by threats.
screw sth up (into sth) | screw sth (up) into sth to squeeze sth. especially a piece of paper.'saddle sb / yourself with sth [often passive] to give sb/yourself an unpleasant responsibility. Ç Screw the foil into a little ball. especially NAmE) to do sth badly or spoil sth SYN mess up:You really screwed up there!²related noun screw-up screw sb 'up (slang) to upset or confuse sb so much that they are not able to deal with problems in their life:Her father¶s death really screwed her up.
see sb 'off 1 to go to a station. see 'over sth (BrE) to visit and look at a place carefully:We need to see over the house before we can
. see sb 'out (not used in the progressive tenses) (BrE) to last longer than the rest of sb¶s life:I¶ve had this coat for years. 3 (BrE) to defeat sb in a game.:The home team saw off the challengers by 68 points to 47. to imagine sb/sth as sth:[vn -ing] I can¶t see her changing her mind. Ç He says he won¶t help. see sth 'out (not used in the progressive tenses) (BrE) to reach the end or last until the end of sth:They had enough fuel to see the winter out. to say goodbye to sb who is starting a journey 2 (BrE) to force sb to leave a place. Ç He saw out his career in Italy. Ç What is it you want to see me about?
see sb/sth (as sth) (not used in the progressive tenses) to consider sth as a future possibility. 'see sth in sb/sth to find sb/sth attractive or interesting:I don¶t know what she sees in him. Ç [vn] His colleagues see him as a future director.
'see about sth to deal with sth:I must see about (= prepare) lunch. we¶ll soon see about that (= I will demand that he does help). does he? Well. etc.see sb (about sth) to have a meeting with sb:You ought to see a doctor about that cough. an airport. Ç [+ -ing] I¶ll have to see about getting that roof repaired. and I¶m sure it will see me out. for example by chasing them:The dogs saw them off in no time. etc. fight.
project. Ç I can see through your little game (= I am aware of the trick you are trying to play on me). to be quick to make use of a chance. see sb 'through | see sb 'through sth (not used in the progressive tenses) to give help or support to sb for a particular period of time:Her courage and good humour saw her through. etc. Ç She seized hold of my hand. an opportunity. etc. 'see to sth to deal with sth:Will you see to the arrangements for the next meeting? Ç Don¶t worry²I¶ll see to it. see 'through sb/sth (not used in the progressive tenses) to realize the truth about sb/sth:We saw through him from the start. Ç The army has seized control of the country. Ç He seized her by the arm. seize sth (from sb) to take control of a place or situation.
seize a chance. Ç I only have $20 to see me through the week. 6(of an emotion) to affect sb suddenly and deeply:
. until it is finished:She¶s determined to see the job through. an opportunity. 'see to it that « to make sure that «:Can you see to it that the fax goes this afternoon?
seize sth (from sb) to take sb/sth in your hand suddenly and using force SYN grab:She tried to seize the gun from him. see sth 'through (not usually used in the progressive tenses) to not give up doing a task. Ç He seized power in a military coup.make you an offer. Ç We¶ll have to get that door seen to (= repaired). etc. the initiative. often suddenly and violently:They seized the airport in a surprise attack. SYN grab:The party seized the initiative with both hands (= quickly and with enthusiasm).
[usually passive] set A in B | set B with A to put a precious stone into a piece of jewellery:She had the sapphire set in a gold ring.
.:[vn] Who will be setting (= writing the questions for) the French exam? Ç What books have been set (= are to be studied) for the English course? Ç [vnn. a task.
set sth (to sth) to write music to go with words:Schubert set many poems to music.'seize on / upon sth to suddenly show a lot of interest in sth. etc. especially because you can use it to your advantage SYN pounce on / upon:The rumours were eagerly seized upon by the local press. you are unable to move it easily and it is often painful
set a / the table to arrange knives. Ç Her bracelet was set with emeralds. on a table for a meal:Could you set the table for dinner? Ç The table was set for six guests. vn] She¶s set herself a difficult task. forks. seize 'up 1 (of the parts of a machine) to stop moving or working correctly 2 if a part of your body seizes up.
set sth (for sb) | set sb (to do sth) to give sb a piece of work. Ç [vn to inf] I¶ve set myself to finish the job by the end of the month. etc. Ç She¶s set a difficult task for herself.
old-fashioned. Ç [+ -ing] We need to set about finding a solution. 3 to not consider sth. set sth (off) against sth 1 to judge sth by comparing good or positive qualities with bad or negative ones:Set against the benefits of the new technology. set sth 'down 1 to write sth down on paper in order to record it
. etc. 2 (finance) to record sth as a business cost as a way of reducing the amount of tax you must pay:to set capital costs off against tax set sb/sth a'part (from sb/sth) to make sb/sth different from or better than others:Her elegant style sets her apart from other journalists. 4 (law) to state that a decision made by a court is not legally valid:The verdict was set aside by the Appeal Court. informal) to attack sb 'set about sth [no passive] to start doing sth:She set about the business of cleaning the house.²related noun setback set sb 'back sth [no passive] (informal) to cost sb a particular amount of money:The repairs could set you back over £200. there is also a strong possibility that jobs will be lost.:She accused her husband of setting the children against her.ò note at cost set sth 'back (from sth) [usually passive] to place sth. because other things are more important SYN disregard:Let¶s set aside my personal feelings for now. especially a building. set sb a'gainst sb to make sb oppose a friend. or its driver) to stop and allow sb to get off:Passengers may be set down and picked up only at the official stops. at a distance from sth:The house is set well back from the road. set sth a'side 1 to move sth to one side until you need it 2 to save or keep money or time for a particular purpose:She tries to set aside some money every month. set sth a'part (for sth) [usually passive] to keep sth for a special use or purpose:Two rooms were set apart for use as libraries.'set about sb (BrE. set sth/sb 'back to delay the progress of sth/sb by a particular time:The bad weather set back the building programme by several weeks. relative. set sb 'down (BrE) (of a bus or train.
especially by making them appear guilty of sth:He denied the
. infection. Ç She set out the reasons for her resignation in a long letter. principle. set 'out 1 to leave a place and begin a journey:They set out on the last stage of their journey. informal) to begin doing sth in a busy or determined way set sb 'up 1 to provide sb with the money that they need in order to do sth:A bank loan helped to set him up in business.) to begin and seem likely to continue:The rain seemed to have set in for the day. set 'in (of rain. 2 to present ideas. 4 to make sth more noticeable or attractive by being placed near it:That blouse sets off the blue of her eyes. more lively. etc. etc. explode:A gang of boys were setting off fireworks in the street. set sb 'off (doing sth) to make sb start doing sth such as laughing.:The standards were set down by the governing body. set sth 'off 1 to make a bomb. 3 to start a process or series of events:Panic on the stock market set off a wave of selling. 2 (informal) to make sb healthier. and was immediately set on by a large dog. 2 to make an alarm start ringing:Opening this door will set off the alarm. set sth 'out 1 to arrange or display things:Her work is always very well set out. etc. 3 (informal) to trick sb. 'set sb/sth on sb to make a person or an animal attack sb suddenly:The farmer threatened to set his dogs on us. with a particular aim or goal:She set out to break the world record.:The break from work really set me up for the new year.2 to give sth as a rule. crying or talking 'set on / upon sb [usually passive] to attack sb suddenly:I opened the gate. facts. task. etc. in an organized way. stronger. Ç They succeeded in what they set out to do. bad weather. 2 to begin a job. in speech or writing:He set out his objections to the plan. set 'to (old-fashioned. etc. set 'forth (literary) to start a journey set sth 'forth (formal) to present sth or make it known SYN expound:The President set forth his views in a television broadcast. etc. set sth 'in / 'into sth [usually passive] to fasten sth into a flat surface so that it does not stick out from it:a plaque set into the wall set 'off to begin a journey:We set off for London just after ten.
Ç After leaving college. 3 to arrange for sth to happen:I¶ve set up a meeting for Friday.
British manufacturing industry has been running I ran
into an old schoolfriend at the supermarket this morning.ò note at build 2 to make a piece of equipment or a machine ready for use:She set up her stereo in her bedroom. down for years. 5 to start a process or a series of events:The slump on Wall Street set up a chain reaction in stock markets around the world.
I thought I would run some ideas
past them to see if I was on the right track. 4 to create sth or start it:to set up a business Ç A fund will be set up for the dead men¶s families. saying the police had set him up. up a big gas bill if you leave the heater on all the time.
The meeting will finish promptly ± I don¶t want it to run My visa has run out.²related noun set-up set sth 'up 1 to build sth or put sth somewhere:The police set up roadblocks on routes out of the city.²related noun set-up set (yourself) 'up (as sb) to start running a business:She took out a bank loan and set up on her own.
Two children were run Could we run The book runs You¶ll run
through your proposals once again? to nearly 800 pages. over by a drunk driver and killed. on.charges. he set himself up as a freelance photographer.
Ç (figurative) Her life had always run smoothly before.
(sometimes go running) to run as a sport:She used to run when she was at college.
run (in sth) to take part in a race: [v] He will be running in the 100 metres tonight.The government is running up
against considerable opposition to its privatization plans. Ç [vn] Could you run the engine for a moment?
[v] run (for sth) to continue for a particular period of time without stopping:Her last musical ran for six months on Broadway. Ç I often go running before work.
run (on sth) to operate or function. Ç [vn] to run the marathon Ç Holmes ran a fine race to take the gold medal. Ç The lease on my house only has a year left to run. to make sth do this:[v] Stan had the chainsaw running. Ç This debate will run and run!
run (for sth) to operate or be valid for a particular period of time:The permit runs for three months. Ç Our van runs on (= uses) diesel.
. Ç There are only five horses running in the first race.
Ç I¶ll run you a bath. vnn] I¶ll run a bath for you. Ç The bathroom floor was running with water.run sth (for sb) | run (sb) sth to make liquid flow:[vn] She ran hot water into the bucket. Ç to run the hot tap (= to turn it so that water flows from it) Ç [vn.
[v] run at sth to be at or near a particular level: Inflation was running at 26.
run a test / check (on sth) to do a test / check on sth:The doctors decided to run some more tests on the blood samples. especially in the US:Clinton ran a second time in 1996.
run (for sb/sth) | run (in sth) to be a candidate in an election for a political position. Ç to run for president Ç to run in the election
'run across sb/sth to meet sb or find sth by chance
run with sth (usually used in the progressive tenses) to be covered with a liquid:His face was running with sweat.
she felt a sudden urge to run away. run a'way with sth 1 to win sth clearly or easily 2 to believe sth that is not true:I don¶t want you to run away with the impression that all I do is have meetings all day. to go away run a'round with sb (NAmE also 'run with sb) (usually disapproving) to spend a lot of time with sb:She¶s always running around with older men.²related noun runaway run a'way from sth to try to avoid sth because you are shy. run back 'over sth to discuss or consider sth again SYN review:I¶ll run back over the procedure once again. run sth 'by / 'past sb (informal) to show sb sth or tell sb about an idea in order to see their reaction to it run 'down 1 to lose power or stop working:The battery has run down. informal) used in orders to tell sb. in order to have a relationship with another person:She ran away with her boss. Ç Looking at all the accusing faces. run a'way / 'off with sb | run a'way / 'off (together) to leave home.
. 2 to gradually stop functioning or become smaller in size or number:British manufacturing industry has been running down for years. especially a child. etc. Ç She and her boss ran away together. 'run at sb [no passive] to run towards sb to attack or as if to attack them:He ran at me with a knife. to escape from sb / a place:He ran away from home at the age of thirteen. etc. it gets out of your control:Her imagination tends to run away with her. run a'way with you if a feeling runs away with you.:You can¶t just run away from the situation.²related noun rundown run sb/sth 'down 1 (of a vehicle or its driver) to hit sb/sth and knock them / it to the ground 2 to criticize sb/sth in an unkind way:He¶s always running her down in front of other people. your husband.run 'after sb (informal) to try to have a romantic or sexual relationship with sb SYN pursue:He¶s always running after younger women. run a'way (from sb / « ) to leave sb / a place suddenly. 2 to make sth gradually stop functioning or become smaller in size or number:The company is running down its sales force. run 'after sb/sth to run to try to catch sb/sth SYN pursue run a'long (old-fashioned. lack confidence.²related noun rundown run sth 'down 1 to make sth lose power or stop working:If you leave your headlights on you¶ll soon run down the battery. wife.
to continue longer than is necessary or expected:The meeting will finish promptly²I don¶t want it to run on. especially when they need your help run sb 'out [often passive] (in cricket) to make a player stop batting by hitting the wicket with the ball before the player has completed his or her run
. 'run sth into sb/sth to make a vehicle crash into sb/sth:He ran his car into a tree. a discussion. 'run into sb/sth to crash into sb/sth:The bus went out of control and ran into a line of people. Ç to run into danger / trouble / difficulties 3 to reach a particular level or amount:Her income runs into six figures (= is more than £100 000.). etc. run 'on to continue without stopping.3 to find sb/sth after a search run sb 'in (old-fashioned. informal) to arrest sb and take them to a police station run sth 'in (BrE) (in the past) to prepare the engine of a new car for normal use by driving slowly and carefully: (figurative) Whatever system you choose. it must be run in properly. etc.:Be careful not to run into debt. Ç Could I have a cigarette? I seem to have run out. 3 to make a liquid flow out of a container run 'off with sb | run 'off (together) = run away with sb run 'off with sth to steal sth and take it away:The treasurer had run off with the club¶s funds. run 'into sb to meet sb by chance:Guess who I ran into today! 'run into sth 1 to enter an area of bad weather while travelling:We ran into thick fog on the way home. 2 if an agreement or a document runs out. you think or talk a lot about that subject run 'out 1 if a supply of sth runs out. run on a subject. $100 000. etc. 2 to experience difficulties. it is used up or finished:Time is running out for the trapped miners. run 'out on sb (informal) to leave sb that you live with. it becomes no longer valid SYN expire run 'out (of sth) to use up or finish a supply of sth:We ran out of fuel. 'run on sth [no passive] if your thoughts. run 'off (BrE) (of a liquid) to flow out of a container run sth' off 1 to copy sth on a machine:Could you run off twenty copies of the agenda? 2 to cause a race to be run:The heats of the 200 metres will be run off tomorrow.
repeat or read sth quickly:He ran through the names on the list. especially a flag run 'up against sth to experience a difficulty:The government is running up against considerable opposition to its tax reforms. 'run with sb = run away with sb 'run with sth to accept or start to use a particular idea or method:OK.
Some people seem to revel
in annoying others. 'run to sth 1 to be of a particular size or amount:The book runs to nearly 800 pages. let¶s run with Jan¶s suggestion. especially by sewing:to run up a blouse 3 to raise sth. 2 [no passive] to be present in every part of sth:A deep melancholy runs through her poetry. etc. run sb 'through (literary) to kill sb by sticking a knife. sword. run 'over sth to read through or practise sth quickly:She ran over her notes before giving the lecture. run sth 'up 1 to allow a bill. etc. Ç Could we run through your proposals once again? 4 to perform. 3 to discuss. please?²related noun run-through 5 to use up or spend money carelessly:She ran through the entire amount within two years. debt. 2 (especially BrE) if you or your money will not run to sth.
. you do not have enough money for sth:Our funds won¶t run to a trip abroad this year.run 'over if a container or its contents run over. act or practise sth:Can we run through Scene 3 again. run sth 'past sb = run sth by / past sb:Run that past me again. Ç Thoughts of revenge kept running through his mind. to reach a large total SYN accumulate:How had he managed to run up so many debts?ò note at collect 2 to make a piece of clothing quickly. the contents come over the edge of the container SYN overflow run sb/sth 'over (of a vehicle or its driver) to knock a person or an animal down and drive over their body or a part of it:Two children were run over and killed. through them run 'through sth 1 [no passive] to pass quickly through sth:An angry murmur ran through the crowd.
off by local taxi-drivers. it in!
I know it was a silly thing to do.
I¶ve managed to root
out a copy of the original document.
'revel in sth to enjoy sth very much:She was clearly revelling in all the attention.
re'volve around / round sb/sth
. Ç [+ -ing] Some people seem to revel in annoying others.He thinks that everything revolves My whole future is riding
around him. above her physical disability. but there¶s no need to rub Let¶s hope some of his good luck rubs He refused to rule off on me!
out the possibility of a tax increase.
re'volve around / round sth to move around sth in a circle:The earth revolves around the sun.
on this interview.
Tourists complain of being ripped
She had the courage and determination to rise We¶re rooting for the college baseball team.
'rip at sth to attack sth violently. Ç She thinks that the world revolves around her. Ç The discussion revolved around the question of changing the club¶s name. out of position:Short skirts tend to ride up when you sit down. ride sth 'out to manage to survive a difficult situation or time without having to make great changes ride 'up (of clothing) to move gradually upwards. usually by tearing or cutting it rip 'into sb (for / with sth) to criticize sb and tell them that you are very angry with them rip 'into / 'through sb/sth to go very quickly and violently into or through sb/sth:A bullet ripped into his
.to have sb/sth as the main interest or subject:His whole life revolves around surfing.
[v] go riding (BrE) (NAmE go 'horseback riding) to spend time riding a horse for pleasure:How often do you go riding?
'ride on sth (usually used in the progressive tenses) to depend on sth:My whole future is riding on this interview.
etc.²related noun rip-off rip sth 'off (informal) to steal sth:Thieves broke in and ripped off five computers. rip sb 'off [usually passive] (informal) to cheat sb.:the rise of fascism in Europe Ç the rise and fall of the British Empire Ç her meteoric rise to power
rise (up) (against sb/sth) (formal) to begin to fight against your ruler or government or against a foreign army SYN rebel:The peasants rose in revolt. by selling them sth of poor quality.
rise (from sth) to come to life again:to rise from the dead Ç (figurative) Can a new party rise from the ashes of the old one?
[v + adv. rip sth 'up to tear sth into small pieces:He ripped up the letter and threw it in the fire.] root (about / around) for sth | root (through sth) (for sth) to search for sth by moving things or turning things over SYN rummage:pigs rooting
rise (of sb/sth) the act of becoming more important. by making them pay too much. successful. etc.:Tourists complain of being ripped off by local cab drivers. powerful. / prep. Ç He called on the people to rise up against the invaders.shoulder.
shock. etc. horse. Ç Who¶s been rooting around in my desk?
'root for sb [no passive] (usually used in the progressive tenses) (informal) to support or encourage sb in a sports competition or when they are in a difficult situation:We¶re rooting for the Bulls. informal) (of two people) to live or work together in a friendly enough way rub sb / oneself / sth 'down to rub the skin of a person. Ç Good luck²I¶m rooting for you! root sth/sb' out 1 to find the person or thing that is causing a problem and remove or get rid of them 2 to find sb/sth after searching for a long time root sb to 'sth to make sb unable to move because of fear. you don¶t have to rub it in. etc. root sth 'up to dig or pull up a plant with its roots
rub a'long (with sb / together) (BrE.:Embarrassment rooted her to the spot.¶ she said. rooting through the suitcase. rub 'off (on / onto sb)
. hard with sth to make it clean and dry rub sth 'down to make sth smooth by rubbing it with a special material rub it 'in | rub sth 'in [no passive] to keep reminding sb of sth they feel embarrassed about and want to forget:I know I was stupid.for food Ç µIt must be here somewhere.
Ç (BrE) If you write on the blackboard. Ç She once ruled over a vast empire. rub sth'off (sth) | rub 'off to remove sth or to be removed by rubbing:She rubbed off the dead skin. etc. behaviour. will not be able to take part in a sporting event. a group of people. rub it off at the end of the lesson. etc.
rule (over sb/sth) to control and have authority over a country. Ç The gold colouring had begun to rub off. to prevent a player from taking part:He has been ruled out of the match with a knee injury. using a rubber / eraser:to rub out a mistake
rule 'off | rule sth'off to separate sth from the next section of writing by drawing a line underneath it rule sb/sth'out 1 rule (as sth) to state that sth is not possible or that sb/sth is not suitable SYN exclude:Police have not ruled out the possibility that the man was murdered. Ç The proposed solution was ruled out as too expensive. Ç [v] Charles I ruled for eleven years. rub sb 'out (NAmE.:Her sense of fun has rubbed off on her children. Ç (figurative) After the revolution. BrE) to remove the marks made by a pencil.
rule sb 'out of sth [usually passive] (in sport) to state that a player. to prevent sth from happening:His age effectively ruled him out as a possible candidate.
. 2 to prevent sb from doing sth.(of personal qualities.) to become part of a person¶s character as a result of that person spending time with sb who has those qualities. etc. Ç (figurative) Eighty million years ago. slang) to murder sb rub sth 'out (BrE) (also erase NAmE. etc. opinions. runner.:[vn] At that time John ruled England. anarchy ruled.. dinosaurs ruled the earth. etc.
He promised he would not resort It rests
to anything as extreme as plastic surgery. but he wouldn¶t change his mind. Ç The judge ruled against / in favour of the plaintiff.
with management to justify their actions. Ç [vn-adj] The deal may be ruled illegal. with.rule (on sth) to give an official decision about sth SYN pronounce: [v] The court will rule on the legality of the action.
Stress and tiredness often result
. Ç [v that] The court ruled that the women were unfairly dismissed. on having good weather.
You can¶t always reckon
They had many difficulties to reckon They refer
to their front porch rather grandly as µthe conservatory¶. to. in a lack of concentration. [also vn to inf. vn that]
You have read too much I reasoned
into what she said.
Our product needs an image that people can relate Please remember me to Jenny when you see her. I¶m sure she didn¶t mean it!
with him for hours about the danger.
Ç She read us a story. Ç [vn] Don¶t believe everything you read in the papers. vnn] Go on²read it to us. Ç [vn] to read a book / a magazine / the newspaper Ç Have you read any Steinbeck (= novels by him)? Ç He read the poem aloud.
read (about / of sth) (not used in the progressive tenses) to discover or find out about sb/sth by reading:[v] I read about the accident in the local paper.
. Ç [v that] I read that he had resigned. read sb¶s mind / thoughts to guess what sb else is thinking
read sb¶s lips to look at the movements of sb¶s lips to learn what they are saying
read sth (as sth) to understand sth in a particular way SYN interpret:How do you read the present situation? Ç Silence must not always be read as consent. Ç He liked reading to his grandchildren.read (sth) (to sb / yourself) to go through written or printed words. etc. Ç [vn. in silence or speaking them to other people:[v] I¶m going to go to bed and read.
read sth (into sth) (of a computer or the person using it) to take information from a disk:My computer can¶t read the disk you sent. etc. Ç to read a file into a computer
read sth 'back to read a message. especially to other people
read sth 'over / 'through
to read sth carefully from beginning to end to look for mistakes or check details read sth 'up | read 'up on sb/sth to read a lot about a subject:I¶ll need to read up on the case before the meeting. rather old-fashioned) to study a subject.read A for B | read B as A to replace one word. Ç [v] She¶s reading for a law degree. etc. with another when correcting a text:For µmadam¶ in line 3 read µmadman¶.
. especially at a university:[vn] I read English at Oxford. to others in order to check that it is correct read sth 'into sth to think that sth means more than it really does:Don¶t read too much into what she says.
read (for) sth (BrE. Now read on « read sth 'out to read sth using your voice. read 'on to continue reading:That¶s the story so far.
a number.It stands to 'reason (informal) it must be clear to any sensible person who thinks about it:It stands to reason that they¶ll leave if you don¶t pay them enough. [also vn-adj]
reckon sth (at sth) to calculate an amount. Ç [vn-n] It was generally reckoned a success. etc.
reason sth 'out to try and find the answer to a problem by using your power to think in a logical way SYN figure out 'reason with sb to talk to sb in order to persuade them to be more sensible:I tried to reason with him.
be reckoned (not used in the progressive tenses) to be generally considered to be sth:[vn to inf] Children are reckoned to be more sophisticated nowadays.:[vn] The age of the
. but he wouldn¶t listen.
2 (usually used in negative sentences) to consider sth as a possible problem that you should be prepared for SYN take sth into account: [+ -ing] I didn¶t reckon with getting caught up in so much traffic. Ç [v (that)] They reckon (that) their profits are down by at least 20.ò note at mention re'fer to sb/sth
. Ç [+ -ing] We¶d reckoned on having good weather. problem.:They were already a political force to be reckoned with. Ç You know who I¶m referring to. Ç I promised not to refer to the matter again.earth is reckoned at about 4 600 million years. 'reckon with sb/sth 1 [usually passive] to consider or treat sb/sth as a serious opponent. Ç She always referred to Ben as µthat nice man¶. Ç [vn to inf] The journey was reckoned to take about two hours. reckon sth 'up (especially BrE) to calculate the total amount or number of sth:He reckoned up the cost of everything in his mind. 'reckon without sb/sth (especially BrE) to not consider sb/sth as a possible problem that you should be prepared for SYN not take sth into account:They had reckoned without the determination of the opposition. Ç Her mother never referred to him again.
re'fer to sb/sth (as sth) to mention or speak about sb/sth:The victims were not referred to by name.
'reckon on sth to expect sth to happen or to rely on sth happening:They hadn¶t reckoned on a rebellion. etc.
Ç The case was referred to the Court of Appeal. relate sth (to sb) (formal) to give a spoken or written report of sth.1 to describe or be connected to sb/sth:The star refers to items which are intended for the advanced learner. Ç This paragraph refers to the events of last year.
. to tell a story:[vn] She relates her childhood experiences in the first chapters. Ç [v wh-] She related how he had run away from home as a boy. to refer to sth/sb:We shall discuss the problem as it relates to our specific case. Ç The term µArts¶ usually refers to humanities and social sciences. Ç He related the facts of the case to journalists. Ç The second paragraph relates to the situation in Scotland. 2 to be able to understand and have sympathy with sb/sth SYN empathize with:Many adults can¶t relate to children. advice or a decision:My doctor referred me to a specialist. [also v that]
be re'membered for sth | be re'membered as sth to be famous or known for a particular thing that you have done in the past:He is best remembered as the man who brought jazz to England. 2 to look at sth or ask a person for information SYN consult:You may refer to your notes if you want. Ç Our product needs an image that people can relate to. Ç (formal) May I refer you to my letter of 14 May?
re'late to sth/sb 1 to be connected with sth/sb. Ç to refer to a dictionary re'fer sb/sth to sb/sth to send sb/sth to sb/sth for help.
re'sort to sth to make use of sth. especially sth bad or unpleasant. especially sth bad. Ç In the last resort (= in the end) everyone must decide for themselves. because nothing else is possible SYN recourse:There are hopes that the conflict can be resolved without resort to violence. as a means of achieving sth. often because there is no other possible solution SYN have recourse to:They felt obliged to resort to violence. Ç [+ -ing] We may have to resort to using untrained staff.
resort to sth the act of using sth.
the first / last / final ~ the first or last course of action that you should or can take in a particular situation:Strike action should be regarded as a last resort. when all attempts to negotiate have failed.re'member me to sb (especially BrE) used to ask sb to give your good wishes to sb else:Remember me to your parents.
Ç She made a complete recovery without recourse to surgery. Ç The final decision rests with the doctors.
Put the book
back on the shelf. it is their responsibility to do it:It rests with management to justify their actions. when necessary.
'rest on / upon sb/sth 1 to depend or rely on sb/sth:All our hopes now rest on you. 'rest with sb (to do sth) (formal) if it rests with sb to do sth. Ç The government. has recourse to the armed forces.re·course / noun[U] (formal) the fact of having to.
rest as'sured (that « ) (formal) used to emphasize that what you say is true or will definitely happen:You may rest assured that we will do all we can to find him.
. 2 to look at sb/sth:Her eyes rested on the piece of paper in my hand. 'rest on sth to be based on sth:The whole argument rests on a false assumption. or being able to. use sth that can provide help in a difficult situation: Your only recourse is legal action.
forward my plan to the rest of the group. to sth:Our company puts the emphasis on quality. please? up for the night.
put sth on sth to give or attach a particular level of importance.He¶s always putting his wife I put it all I put
down in public. Ç It s time you put a stop to this childish behaviour. off marriage.
Her parents¶ experience had put her I'm going to put She put
off going on holiday until after my exams. Ç He put a limit on the amount we could spend. through to the manager.
on a funny voice to make the children laugh.
put sth on / onto / to sth to make sb/sth feel sth or be affected by sth: Her new job has put a great strain on her.
Could you put me We can put you He puts
up with everything in the same uncomplaining way. trust. Ç They put pressure on her to resign.
down to her hard work and initiative. etc. value.
'put sb/sth at sth to calculate sb/sth to be a particular age. 3 (informal) to eat or drink large quantities of sth:He must have put away a bottle of whisky last night. feelings. weight. Ç I put aside half an hour every day to write my diary. put it back! 2 to move sth to a later time or date SYN postpone:The meeting has been put back to next week. put sth a'way 1 to put sth in the place where it is kept because you have finished using it:I¶m just going to put the car away (= in the garage). 'put sth above sth = put sth before sth put yourself / sth a'cross / 'over (to sb) to communicate your ideas. amount. usually a feeling or difference of opinion SYN disregard:They decided to put aside their differences. etc. 4 to move the hands of a clock so that they show the correct earlier
. information. 3 to cause sth to be delayed:Poor trading figures put back our plans for expansion. put sb a'way [often passive] (informal) to send sb to prison. that may be false:[+ that] Someone¶s been putting it about that you plan to resign. put sth 'back 1 to return sth to its usual place or to the place where it was before it was moved:If you use something.:The damage to the building is put at over $1 million. etc. successfully to sb:She¶s not very good at putting her views across. informal) to tell a lot of people news. etc.put sth a'bout (BrE. to a mental hospital. put sth a'side 1 to ignore or forget sth. 2 to save sth or keep it available to use:We put some money aside every month for our retirement. 2 to save money to spend later:She has a few thousand dollars put away for her retirement. etc.
5 [often passive] to kill an animal. usually by giving it a drug. etc. put sb 'down for sth to put sb¶s name on a list. 6 (BrE) to put a baby to bed:Can you be quiet²I¶ve just put the baby down. Ç They¶ve put their son down for the local school. 'put sth before / above sth to treat sth as more important than sth else put sth be'hind you to try to forget about an unpleasant experience and think about the future put sth 'by (especially BrE) (also put sth a'side) to save money for a particular purpose:I¶m putting by part of my wages every week to buy a bike. Put it down in your diary. shelf.²see also unputdownable 2 to write sth.time:Remember to put your clocks back tonight (= because the time has officially changed). etc. for sth:Put me down for three tickets for Saturday. especially in front of other people²related noun put-down put sth 'down 1 to stop holding sth and place it on a table. 4 to stop sth by force SYN crush:to put down a rebellion Ç The military government is determined to put down all opposition. 7 to present sth formally for discussion by a parliament or committee SYN table:to put down a motion / an amendment put sb 'down as sth to consider or judge sb to be a particular type of person:I¶d put them both down as retired teachers. put 'down (of an aircraft or its pilot) to land:He put down in a field.:Put that knife down before you hurt somebody! Ç It¶s a great book. 'put sth down to sth SYN attribute to consider that sth is caused by sth:What do you put her success down to? put sth 'forth (formal) = put sth out put yourself / sb 'forward to suggest yourself/sb as a candidate for a job or position:Can I put you / your name forward for club secretary?
. Ç (BrE) She put the phone down on me (= ended the call before I had finished speaking). 3 to pay part of the cost of sth:We put a 5 deposit down on the house. I couldn¶t put it down. put sb 'down (informal) to make sb look or feel stupid. because it is old or sick:We had to have our cat put down. to make a note of sth:The meeting¶s on the 22nd.
2 = put sth in (5). put 'in (at « ) | 'put into « (of a boat or its sailors) to enter a port:They put in at Lagos for repairs. (6) put sb 'off 1 to cancel a meeting or an arrangement that you have made with sb:It¶s too late to put them off now. 2 to make sb dislike sb/sth or not trust them / it:She¶s very clever but her manner does tend to put people off. put sb 'off sth/sb
.:The company has put in a claim for damages. OPP put out (to « / from « ) put 'in for sth (especially BrE) to officially ask for sth:Are you going to put in for that job? put yourself / sb / sth 'in for sth to enter yourself/sb/sth for a competition put sth 'into sth 1 to add a quality to sth:He put as much feeling into his voice as he could. 5 (also 'put sth into sth) to spend a lot of time or make a lot of effort doing sth:She often puts in twelve hours' work a day.²related noun input 6 (also 'put sth into sth) to use or give money:[+ -ing] He¶s put all his savings into buying that house. etc. Ç Don¶t be put off by how it looks²it tastes delicious.²see also off-putting 3 (also put sb 'off sth) to disturb sb who is trying to give all their attention to sth that they are doing:Don¶t put me off when I¶m trying to concentrate. Ç [+ -ing] He¶s putting a lot of work into improving his French. 4 (BrE) (of a vehicle or its driver) to stop in order to allow sb to leave:I asked the bus driver to put me off at the station. etc. request. 3 to suggest sth for discussion:to put forward a suggestion put sb 'in to elect a political party to govern a country:Who will the voters put in this time? put sth 'in 1 to fix equipment or furniture into position so that it can be used SYN install:We¶re having a new shower put in. 2 to include sth in a letter. 2 to move the hands of a clock to the correct later time:Remember to put your clocks forward tonight (= because the time has officially changed). 4 to officially make a claim. 3 to interrupt another speaker in order to say sth:Could I put in a word? Ç [+ speech] µBut what about us?¶ he put in. story.put sth 'forward 1 to move sth to an earlier time or date:We¶ve put the wedding forward by one week. Ç The sudden noise put her off her game.
face. extra work. a show. Ç She put on the brakes suddenly. put sb 'onto sb/sth 1 to tell the police. 6 to provide sth specially:The city is putting on extra buses during the summer. begin to play:Do you mind if I put some music on? Ç He put some jazz on the stereo. 2 be put out to be upset or offended:He looked really put out. 5 to become heavier.to make sb lose interest in or enthusiasm for sth/sb:He was put off science by bad teaching. etc. SYN inconvenience:I hope our arriving late didn¶t put them out.:She¶s just putting on her make-up. 7 to produce or present a play. etc. way of speaking. put sth'out 1 to take sth out of your house and leave it. Ç [+ -ing] He keeps putting off going to the dentist. 3 to switch on a piece of equipment:I¶ll put the kettle on for tea. 4 to make a CD. quality. etc. Ç [+ -ing] The accident put her off driving for life. 2 to bet money on sth:I¶ve never put money on a horse. Ç I don¶t think she was hurt. delay:We¶ve had to put off our wedding until September. slang) to agree to have sex with sb put yourself 'out (for sb) (informal) to make a special effort to do sth for sb:Please don¶t put yourself out on my account. She was just putting it on. Ç He must have put on several kilos. for example for sb to collect: (BrE) to
. especially by the amount mentioned SYN gain:She looks like she¶s put on weight. put sb 'out 1 to cause sb trouble. put sth 'on sth 1 to add an amount of money or a tax to the cost of sth:The government has put ten pence on the price of twenty cigarettes. etc. about where a criminal is or about a crime:What first put the police onto the scam? 2 to tell sb about sb/sth that they may like or find useful:Who put you onto this restaurant²it¶s great! put 'out (for sb) (NAmE. put sth 'off to change sth to a later time or date SYN postpone. put sb 'on to give sb the telephone so that they can talk to the person at the other end:Hi. Dad²can you put Nicky on? put sth 'on 1 to dress yourself in sth:Hurry up! Put your coat on! OPP take off 2 to apply sth to your skin. 8 to pretend to have a particular feeling. etc. etc. Ç I put £5 on him to win. tape.:The local drama club is putting on µMacbeth¶.:He put on an American accent. 3 to make sb unconscious:These pills should put him out for a few hours.
put the rubbish out Ç (NAmE) to put the garbage / trash out 2 to place sth where it will be noticed and used:Have you put out clean towels for the guests? 3 to stop sth from burning or shining:to put out a candle / cigarette / light Ç Firefighters soon put the fire out. 4 to produce sth, especially for sale:The factory puts out 500 new cars a week.²related noun output 5 to publish or broadcast sth:Police have put out a description of the man they wish to question. 6 to give a job or task to a worker who is not your employee or to a company that is not part of your own group or organization:A lot of the work is put out to freelancers. 7 to make a figure, result, etc. wrong:The rise in interest rates put our estimates out by several thousands. 8 to push a bone out of its normal position SYN dislocate:She fell off her horse and put her shoulder out. 9 (also formal put sth 'forth) to develop or produce new leaves, shoots, etc. put 'out (to « / from « ) (of a boat or its sailors) to leave a port:to put out to sea Ç We put out from Liverpool. OPP put in (at « ) put yourself / sth 'over (to sb) = put yourself / sth across (to sb) put sth 'through to continue with and complete a plan, programme, etc.:We managed to put the deal through. put sb 'through sth 1 to make sb experience sth very difficult or unpleasant:You have put your family through a lot recently. 2 to arrange or pay for sb to attend a school, college, etc.:He put all his children through college. put sb/sth 'through (to sb / « ) to connect sb by telephone:Could you put me through to the manager, please? 'put sb to sth to cause sb trouble, difficulty, etc.:I hope we¶re not putting you to too much trouble. 'put sth to sb 1 to offer a suggestion to sb so that they can accept or reject it:Your proposal will be put to the board of directors. 2 to ask sb a question:The audience is now invited to put questions to the speaker. put sth to'gether to make or prepare sth by fitting or collecting parts together:to put together a model plane / an essay / a meal Ç I think we can put together a very strong case for the defence.ò note at build
'put sth towards sth to give money to pay part of the cost of sth:Here¶s $100 to put towards your ski trip. put 'up sth 1 to show a particular level of skill, determination, etc. in a fight or contest:They surrendered without putting up much of a fight. Ç The team put up a great performance (= played very well). 2 to suggest an idea, etc. for other people to discuss:to put up an argument / a case / a proposal put sb 'up 1 to let sb stay at your home:We can put you up for the night. 2 to suggest or present sb as a candidate for a job or position:The Green Party hopes to put up more candidates in the next election. put sth 'up 1 to raise sth or put it in a higher position:to put up a flag Ç She¶s put her hair up. 2 to build sth or place sth somewhere:to put up a building / fence / memorial / tentò note at build 3 to fix sth in a place where it will be seen SYN display:to put up a notice 4 to raise or increase sth:They¶ve put up the rent by £20 a month. 5 to provide or lend money:A local businessman has put up the £500 000 needed to save the club. put 'up (at « ) (especially BrE) to stay somewhere for the night:We put up at a motel. put 'up for sth | put yourself 'up for sth to offer yourself as a candidate for a job or position:She is putting up for election to the committee. put sb 'up to sth (informal) to encourage or persuade sb to do sth wrong or stupid:Some of the older boys must have put him up to it. put 'up with sb/sth to accept sb/sth that is annoying, unpleasant, etc. without complaining SYN tolerate:I don¶t know how she puts up with him. Ç I¶m not going to put up with their smoking any longer.
They polished She often pops
off the meal in a matter of minutes. in for coffee.
The fans poured
out after the game, cheering wildly. on.¶
µShall we stay here for the night?¶ µNo, let¶s press Hold the bottle and pull the cork
out with the other hand. through.
She¶s very ill but the doctor thinks she will pull I¶m tired of being pushed The opposition is trying to push
around by officious civil servants. for electoral reform. in in front of me.
I was standing in the queue and this man pushed They decided to put aside their differences.
polish sb 'off (informal, especially NAmE) to kill sb polish sth 'off (informal) to finish sth, especially food, quickly:He polished off the remains of the apple pie.
pour 'out when feelings or sb¶s words pour out they are expressed. 2 to turn on a piece of electrical equipment
pour (sth) (out) to serve a drink by letting it flow from a container into a cup or glass:[vn] Will you pour the coffee? Ç I was in the kitchen. usually after they have been kept hidden for some time:The whole story then came pouring out. Ç [vn. Ç [v] Shall I pour?
pull (sth) to the right / the left / one side to move or make a vehicle move sideways:[v] The wheel is pulling to the left.(informal) to die pop sth 'on (BrE. Ç [vn] She pulled the car to the right to avoid the dog. informal) 1 to put on a piece of clothing:I¶ll just pop on a sweater and meet you outside. vnn] I¶ve poured a cup of tea for you. Ç I¶ve poured you a cup of tea. especially after keeping them or it secret or hidden:She poured out her troubles to me over a cup of coffee. pouring out drinks.
pour sth 'into sth to provide a large amount of money for sth:The government has poured millions into the education system. pour sth 'out to express your feelings or give an account of sth.
Ç The bank is pressing us for repayment of the loan. let¶s press on. Ç µShall we stay here for the night?¶ µNo. Ç [vn to inf] They are pressing us to make a quick decision. Ç The bank is pressing us for repayment of the loan. he will admit that he knew about the affair. Ç [vn to inf] They are pressing us to make a quick decision.¶ 'press for sth to keep asking for sth SYN demand.
press a'head / 'on (with sth) to continue doing sth in a determined way. urge: [vn] If pressed. push for:They continued to press for a
. urge: [vn] If pressed. to hurry forward:The company is pressing ahead with its plans for a new warehouse.press sb (for sth) | press sb (into sth / into doing sth) to make strong efforts to persuade or force sb to do sth SYN push. he will admit that he knew about the affair.
[vn] press sth into / onto sth to put sth in a place by pushing it firmly:He pressed a coin into her hand and moved on.
press sb (for sth) | press sb (into sth / into doing sth) to make strong efforts to persuade or force sb to do sth SYN push.
pull sb/sth (in) to attract the interest or support of sb/sth:They pulled in huge crowds on their latest tour. to 4 p. push 'forward to continue moving or travelling somewhere. push sth 'back to make the time or date of a meeting. etc.
push sb (into sth / into doing sth) | push sb (to do sth) to persuade or encourage sb to do sth that they may not want to do:[vn] My teacher pushed me into entering the competition.m.m.change in the law. especially when it is a long distance or difficult push yourself / sb 'forward to make other people think about and notice you or sb else:She had to push herself forward to get a promotion. Ç I¶m going to have to push you for an answer. 'push for sth | 'push sb for sth to repeatedly ask for sth or try to make sth happen because you think it is very important:The pressure group is pushing for a ban on GM foods. especially food or drink. push 'in (BrE) (NAmE cut 'in) to go in front of other people who are waiting push 'off
. although they may not want it:She kept pressing cake on us. 'press sth on sb to try to make sb accept sth. push sth 'aside to avoid thinking about sth:He pushed aside the feelings of fear. Ç [vn to inf] No one pushed you to take the job. did they?
push sb a'bout / a'round to give orders to sb in a rude or unpleasant way push a'head / 'forward (with sth) to continue with a plan in a determined way:The government is pushing ahead with its electoral reforms. later than originally planned:The start of the game was pushed back from 2 p.
. in. push 'on to continue with a journey or an activity:We rested for a while then pushed on to the next camp. and then the rest of the team pitched The government is trying to play The children have been playing The ship ploughed I finally plucked
down its involvement in the affair. etc.1 (BrE. to replace sth push sth 'out to produce sth in large quantities:factories pushing out cheap cotton shirts push sb/sth 'over to make sb/sth fall to the ground by pushing them:Sam pushed me over in the playground. up all day. and it paid Esra had a bright red scarf to perk up her grey suit.
The company took a gamble by cutting the price of their products. what are you doing? Push off! 2 to move away from land in a boat. up enough courage to tell her. but why did they have to pick Taxis cruised about. on me! off.
Two players started fighting. push sb 'out to make sb leave a place or an organization push sb/sth 'out to make sth less important than it was.
through the waves. hoping to pick up late fares.
I know they need someone to go to the meeting.²see also pushover push sth 'through to get a new law or plan officially accepted:The government is pushing the changes through before the election. informal) used to tell sb rudely to go away:Hey. or from the side of a swimming pool.
²related noun pay-off pay sth 'off to finish paying money owed for sth:We paid off our mortgage after fifteen years. pay sb 'off 1 to pay sb what they have earned and tell them to leave their job:The crew were paid off as soon as the ship docked. Ç I¶d like to pay some money into my account.
.²related noun payback pay sth 'in | pay sth 'into sth to put money into a bank account:I paid in a cheque this morning.
pay sb 'back (sth) | pay sth 'back (to sb) to return money that you borrowed from sb SYN repay:I¶ll pay you back next week. Ç Did he ever pay you back that $100 he owes you? pay sb 'back (for sth) to punish sb for making you or sb else suffer:I¶ll pay him back for making me look like a fool in front of everyone. pay 'off (informal) (of a plan or an action.She was quick to point
out all the mistakes I¶d made. especially one that involves risk) to be successful and bring good results:The gamble paid off. Ç You can pay back the loan over a period of three years.²related noun payout ò note at spend 2 to pass a length of rope through your hands pay 'up to pay all the money that you owe to sb. especially when you do not want to or when the payment is late:I had a hard time getting him to pay up. pay sth 'out 1 to pay a large sum of money for sth:I had to pay out £500 to get my car repaired. 2 (informal) to give sb money to prevent them from doing sth or talking about sth illegal or dishonest that you have done:All the witnesses had been paid off.
etc. etc. 2 to discover or recognize sth after careful study:Read the play again and pick out the major themes. pick sb 'off (informal) to aim carefully at a person. or to make sth increase in value. a plant. more attractive. an animal or an aircraft. etc. taking small amounts or bites because you are not hungry 2 to pull or touch sth several times:He tried to undo the knot by picking at it with his fingers.ò note at identify pick sth 'out 1 to play a tune on a musical instrument slowly without using written music:He picked out the tune on the piano with one finger. criticizing or punishing them:She was picked on by the other girls because of her size. SYN liven up:ideas for perking up bland food
'pick at sth 1 to eat food slowly. 'pick on sb/sth 1 to treat sb unfairly. by blaming. Ç He picked out the ripest peach for me. perk sth 'up (informal) to make sth more interesting.perk 'up | perk sb 'up (informal) to become or to make sb become more cheerful or lively. 2 to choose sb/sth:He picked on two of her statements which he said were untrue.:Share prices had perked up slightly by close of trading. 2 to recognize sb/sth from among other people or things:See if you can pick me out in this photo. pick sth 'off to remove sth from sth such as a tree. and then shoot them:Snipers were picking off innocent civilians. especially one of a group. especially after they have been ill / sick or sad SYN brighten:He soon perked up when his friends arrived.
.:Pick off all the dead leaves. pick sb/sth 'out 1 to choose sb/sth carefully from a group of people or things SYN select:She was picked out from dozens of applicants for the job. perk 'up | perk sth 'up (informal) to increase.
²related noun pickup 2 (informal) to start again.²related noun pick-me-up pick sb/sth 'up 1 to take hold of sb/sth and lift them / it up:She went over to the crying child and picked her up.²related noun pickup 4 to buy sth. to continue:Let¶s pick up where we left off yesterday. sound or picture:We were able to pick up the BBC World Service.
. Ç She picked up Spanish when she was living in Mexico. pick sb 'up 1 to go somewhere in your car and collect sb who is waiting for you SYN collect:I¶ll pick you up at five. 2 to receive an electronic signal. especially to choose the ones you want:Pick over the lentils and remove any little stones. wash and pick up after the kids. especially one that is difficult to reach:A lifeboat picked up survivors.. 3 to rescue sb from the sea or from a dangerous place. pick 'up | pick sth 'up to answer a phone:The phone rang and rang and nobody picked up. pick sth 'up 1 to get information or a skill by chance rather than by making a deliberate effort:to pick up bad habits Ç Here¶s a tip I picked up from my mother.²related noun pickup 5 (informal) (of the police) to arrest sb:He was picked up by police and taken to the station for questioning. especially NAmE) to put things away and make things neat. etc. 4 (informal. 3 to collect sth from a place:I picked up my coat from the cleaners. especially cheaply or by chance:We managed to pick up a few bargains at the auction.3 to make sth easy to see or hear:a sign painted cream. often disapproving) to start talking to sb you do not know because you want to have a sexual relationship with them:He goes to clubs to pick up girls. Ç The wind is picking up now. Ç Sales have picked up 14 this year. 6 to make sb feel better:Try this²it will pick you up. 3 (informal. 2 to identify or recognize sth:Scientists can now pick up early signs of the disease. especially for sb else:All I seem to do is cook. 2 to allow sb to get into your vehicle and take them somewhere:The bus picks up passengers outside the airport. Ç I picked over the facts of the case. to improve:Trade usually picks up in the spring. pick 'up 1 to get better. with the lettering picked out in black pick sth 'over | pick 'through sth to examine a group of things carefully. stronger.
5 to get or obtain sth:I seem to have picked up a terrible cold from somewhere. Ç Local companies pitched in with building materials and labour. informal) to arrive somewhere. by doing some of the work or by giving money. Ç (figurative) She didn¶t waste time feeling sorry for herself²she just picked herself up and carried on. Ç I picked up £30 in tips today. pitch 'up (BrE.:Everyone pitched in with the work. pick sb 'up on sth to mention sth that sb has said or done that you think is wrong:I knew he would pick me up on that slip sooner or later. pitch sth 'in to give a particular amount of money in order to help with sth:We all pitched in $10 to buy her a gift. pick yourself 'up to stand up again after you have fallen:He just picked himself up and went on running. pitch 'into sb (informal) to attack or criticize sb:She started pitching into me as soon as I arrived. 2 to return to a point that has already been mentioned or discussed:If I could just pick up on a question you raised earlier. pitch 'into sth (informal) to start an activity with enthusiasm:[+ -ing] I rolled up my sleeves and pitched into cleaning the kitchen. to see sth that you are looking for:I picked up the faint sound of a car in the distance. SYN turn up
. 7 to return to an earlier subject or situation in order to continue it SYN take up:He picks up this theme again in later chapters of the book.
pitch 'in (with sb/sth) (informal) to join in and help with an activity. etc. 6 to find and follow a route:to pick up the scent of an animal Ç We can pick up the motorway in a few miles. 8 to notice sth that is not very obvious. 9 (especially NAmE) to put things away neatly:Will you pick up all your toys? 10 (NAmE) to put things away and make a room neat:to pick up a room pick 'up on sth 1 to notice sth and perhaps react to it:She failed to pick up on the humour in his remark. especially late or without planning:You can¶t just pitch up and expect to get in without a ticket. advice.
Ç [vn] Let¶s play a different game.
[no passive] play (at doing) sth to pretend to be or do sth for fun:[vn] Let¶s play pirates.play (with sb/sth) to do things for pleasure. Ç [v] In the distance a band was playing. Ç I haven¶t got anybody to play with! Ç There¶s a time to work and a time to play. etc. vnn] Play that new piece to us.
to be performed:A production of µCarmen¶ was playing to packed
. to enjoy yourself. Ç You¶ll have to play inside today. as children do. rather than work:[v] A group of kids were playing with a ball in the street. Ç He played a tune on his harmonica. Ç [v] They were playing at being cowboys. Ç Play us that new piece.
play (to sb) houses. Ç [vn.
play a trick / tricks (on sb)
to trick sb for fun
play (sth) (on sth) | play sth (to sb) | play sb sth to perform on a musical instrument. to perform music:[vn] to play the piano / violin / flute.
etc. 'play at sth / at doing sth (often disapproving) to do sth without being serious about it or putting much effort into it play a'way (from home) (BrE) 1 (of a sports team) to play a match at the opponent¶s ground or stadium 2 (of a person who is married or who has a regular sexual partner) to have a secret sexual relationship with sb else play sth 'back (to sb) to play music.
play a'bout / a'round (with sb/sth) 1 to behave or treat sth in a careless way:Don¶t play around with my tools! 2 (informal) to have a sexual relationship with sb. that has been recorded on a tape. to start playing again:The home team claimed a penalty but the referee told them to play on.:Play that last section back to me again. etc. video. especially in order to get an advantage for yourself:She played her two rivals off against each other and got the job herself. play yourself / itself 'out
. SYN exploit:Advertisements often play on people¶s fears. etc. film. play sth 'out when an event is played out.²related noun play-off play 'on (sport) to continue to play.[vn] play a part / role (in sth) to have an effect on sth:The media played an important part in the last election. play a'long (with sb/sth) to pretend to agree with sb/sth:I decided to play along with her idea. usually with sb who is not your usual partner:Her husband is always playing around. 'play on / upon sth to take advantage of sb¶s feelings. it happens SYN enact:Their love affair was played out against the backdrop of war.²related noun playback play sth 'down to try to make sth seem less important than it is SYN downplay OPP play up play A 'off against B (BrE) (NAmE play A off B) to put two people or groups in competition with each other.
especially BrE) to cause sb problems or pain:The kids have been playing up all day. plough (your way) 'through sth 1 to force a way through sth:She ploughed her way through the waiting crowds. etc. Ç Stop playing with your food! 2 to use things in different ways to produce an interesting or humorous effect. out of control:The plane ploughed through the trees. grass. 'plough into sb/sth (especially of a vehicle or its driver) to crash violently into sth especially because you are driving too fast or not paying enough attention:A truck ploughed into the back of the bus.to become weak and no longer useful or important play 'up | play sb 'up (informal. plough sth 'up
. plough sth 'into sth to invest a large amount of money in a company or project:The government has ploughed more than $20 billion into building new schools. Ç My shoulder is playing me up today. 3 to make slow progress through sth difficult or boring especially a book. plough 'on (with sth) to continue doing sth that is difficult or boring:No one was listening to her. a report. Ç She realized that Patrick was merely playing with her. but she ploughed on regardless. 'play with sth 1 to keep touching or moving sth:She was playing with her hair. etc. Ç The composer plays with the exotic sounds of Japanese instruments. or to see what effect they have:In this poem Fitch plays with words which sound alike. 2 (of a vehicle or an aircraft) to go violently through sth. with a plough and mix them into the soil to improve its quality 2 to put money made as profit back into a business in order to improve it:The money was all ploughed back into the company. play sth 'up to try to make sth seem more important than it is SYN overplay OPP play down 'play with sb/sth to treat sb who is emotionally attached to you in a way that is not serious and which can hurt their feelings:She tends to play with men¶s emotions.
plough sth 'back (in / into sth) | plough sth back 'in 1 to turn over growing crops.:I had to plough through dozens of legal documents.
for example.1 to turn over a field or other area of land with a plough to change it from grass.
[vn] pluck sb (from sth) to remove sb from a place or situation.
[vn] pluck sth (from sth) to take hold of sth and remove it by pulling it:He plucked the wallet from the man¶s grasp. especially a guitar.
. to land for growing crops 2 to break up the surface of the ground by walking or driving across it again and again:The paths get all ploughed up by motorbikes. Ç Survivors of the wreck were plucked to safety by a helicopter. by pulling the strings with your fingers:[vn] to pluck the strings of a violin Ç [v] He took the guitar and plucked at the strings. Ç She was plucked from obscurity to instant stardom. especially one that is unpleasant or dangerous:Police plucked a drowning girl from the river yesterday. Ç expertly plucked eyebrows
pluck (NAmE also pick) to play a musical instrument.
[vn] pluck sth (out) to pull out hairs with your fingers or with tweezers:She plucked out a grey hair.
Ç [+ that] I should point out that not one of these paintings is original.¶ she pointed out. flower.
point sb/sth 'out (to sb) to stretch your finger out towards sb/sth in order to show sb which person or thing you are referring to:I¶ll point him out to you next time he comes in.
'pluck at sth to hold sth with the fingers and pull it gently. point 'out (to sb) | point sth 'out (to sb) to mention sth in order to give sb information about it or make them notice it:She tried in vain to point out to him the unfairness of his actions.[vn] pluck sth (from sth) (old-fashioned or literary) to pick a fruit. 'point to sth
. Ç (figurative) The wind plucked at my jacket. etc. from where it is growing:I plucked an orange from the tree. especially more than once SYN tug:The child kept plucking at his mother¶s sleeve. Ç [+ speech] µIt¶s not very far. Ç He pointed out the dangers of driving alone.
point a / the 'finger (at sb) to accuse sb of doing sth:The article points an accusing finger at the authorities.
Ç For years he sat for Henley (= was the MP for that constituency). in a relaxed position:He sat back in his chair and
. Ç They both sat as MPs in the House of Commons. Ç [+ -ing] He just sits around watching videos. Ç She sat on a number of committees.
sit (for sb) = babysit:Who¶s sitting for you?²see also house-sit
sit a'bout / a'round (often disapproving) to spend time doing nothing very useful:I¶m far too busy to sit around here.
sit in / on / for sth | sit as sth to have an official position as sth or as a member of sth:He was sitting as a temporary judge. point sth 'up (formal) to emphasize sth so that it becomes more noticeable SYN highlight:The conference merely pointed up divisions in the party. usually a chair. sit 'back 1 to sit on sth. Ç Most of the students sit at least 5 GCSEs.
sit (for) sth (BrE.1 to mention sth that you think is important and/or the reason why a particular situation exists:The board of directors pointed to falling productivity to justify their decision. 2 to suggest that sth is true or likely:All the signs point to a successful year ahead. rather formal) to do an exam:[vn] Candidates will sit the examinations in June. Ç [v] He was about to sit for his entrance exam.
etc. in order to listen to or learn from it rather than to take an active part 'sit on sth (informal) to have received a letter. from sb and then not replied or taken any action concerning it:They have been sitting on my application for a month now. 2 to relax. SYN stand in for sit 'in on sth to attend a meeting. sit 'in for sb to do sb¶s job or perform their duties while they are away. class.started to read. Ç He sat down on the bed. Ç Come in and sit yourselves down. sit 'down and do sth to give sth time and attention in order to try to solve a problem or achieve sth:This is something that we should sit down and discuss as a team. Ç They sat down to consider the problem. etc. sit 'down | sit yourself 'down to move from a standing position to a sitting position:Please sit down. game or other activity 'sit through sth to stay until the end of a performance. sit sth 'out 1 to stay in a place and wait for sth unpleasant or boring to finish:We sat out the storm in a cafe. etc. meeting. especially by not getting too involved in or anxious about sth:She¶s not the kind of person who can sit back and let others do all the work. report. sit 'by to take no action to stop sth bad or wrong from happening:We cannot just sit by and watch this tragedy happen. 'sit for sb/sth [no passive] to be a model for an artist or a photographer:to sit for your portrait Ç She sat for Augustus John. etc. sick. 2 to not take part in a dance.
. speech. that you think is boring or too long:We had to sit through nearly two hours of speeches.
rather than lying down or leaning back:Sit up straight²don¶t slouch. etc. sit 'up (and do sth) (informal) to start to pay careful attention to what is happening. talking. and be feeling anxious about it
.sit 'up 1 to be or move yourself into a sitting position. being said.:The proposal had made his clients sit up and take notice. sit sb 'up to move sb into a sitting position after they have been lying down
sweat sth 'off to lose weight by doing a lot of hard exercise to make yourself sweat
sweat it 'out (informal) to be waiting for sth difficult or unpleasant to end. 2 to not go to bed until later than usual:We sat up half the night.