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Velocity potential, rotational and irrotational flow; Navier-Stokes equation, Poiseuille flow, creep flow and Couette flow. Boundary layer theory: integral momentum analysis. Turbulent boundary layer: turbulence and mixing. Universal velocity profile. Stability analysis of laminar flow, Orr-Sommerfield solution, transition to turbulence, detailed modeling of turbulent flow. Flow through porous media, packed beds, and fluidized beds. Flow past stationary bodies. Silt flow. Laminar and turbulent flow of non-Newtonian fluid. Rheological characteristics, consistency measurement, viscometric flow, pipe and annular flow, pipeline design equations. Open channels for non-Newtonian fluids. Books 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Batchelor, G.K., An Introduction to Fluid Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Bird, R.B., W.E. Stewart, and E.N. Lightfoot, Transport Phenomena, Wiley, New York. Currie, I.G., Fundamental Mechanics of Fluids, McGraw-Hill, New York. Goldstein, R.J., editor, Fluid Mechanics Measurements, Hemisphere Publishing Panton, R.L., Incompressible Flow, Wiley, New York. \ Schey, H.M., Div, Grad, Curl, and All That, Norton, New York. Thompson, P.A., Compressible-Fluid Dynamics, Mechanical Engineering Department, Rensselear Polytechnic Institute, Schenectedy, New York. F.M. White, Viscous Fluid Flow, second edition, McGraw-Hill, New York Skelland, A.H.P., Non-Newtonian flow and heat transfer, John Wiley, New York.

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Advanced Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics Review of basic concepts of thermodynamics: energy and entropy balances, equilibrium criteria, chemical potential, fugacity, activity, Raoult's Law. Thermodynamic Properties of Fluids: Thermodynamic properties from volumetric and thermal data; equations of state; fugacity of components in a mixture; phase equilibria from an equation of state intermolecular forces and potential functions: ion-ion, dipole, induction, and dispersion forces repulsion, specific chemical forces; hydrophobic interaction and entropy effects; theory of corresponding states. Fugacities in gas mixtures: virial equations of state, fugacities in liquid mixtures: ideal solutions; excess, functions; GibbsDuhem equation, Free Energy models (Margulus, RK, Wohl Wilson, NRTL, and UNIQUAC equations; partial, miscibility (liquid-liquid equilibrium); Multicomponent mixtures. Fugacities in liquid mixtures: van Laar theory, Scatchard-Hildebrand theory, equations of state,lattice model.

Non-Ideal Thermodynamics: gas mixtures. Non-linear phase equilibrium, Molecular thermodynamics, Molecular theory of fluids. Recommended Books 1. J.M. Smith, Van Ness H.C, Abbott, M.M. Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, Tata McgrawHill New Delhi. Rao, Y. V. C., Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, University Press, Hyderabad. Winnick, J. Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, John Wiley New York. Sandler, S.I. Chemical and Engineering Thermodynamics, John Wiley, New York Wilson, E.D. and Ries, H.C., Principles of Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, McGraw Hill, New York.

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Research Methodology Nature and objectives of research. Methods of Research: historical, descriptive and experimental Alternative approaches to the study of the research problem and problem formulation. Formulation of hypotheses, Feasibility, preparation and presentation of research proposal. Introduction to statistical analysis: Probability and probability distributions; binomial, Poisson, exponential and normal distributions and their applications. Sampling: Primary and secondary data, their collection and validation, methods of sampling: Simple random sampling, stratified random sampling and systematic sampling. Regression and correlation analysis. Tests of significance based on normal, t and chi-square distributions. Analysis of variance. Basic Principles of design of experiments, completely randomized and randomized block designs Edition, tabulation & testing of hypotheses, Interpolation of results, presentation, styles for figures, tables, text, quoting of reference and bibliography. Use of software for statistical analysis like SPSS, Mini Tab or MAT Lab, Report writing, preparation of thesis, use of software like MS Office. The course will include extensive use of software, report writing and seminars in the tutorial class. Books 1. 2. 3. 4. C.R. Kothari, Research Methodology, Wishwa Prakashan P.G. Tripathi, Research Methodology, Sultan Chand & Sons, N. Delhi Fisher, Design of Experiments, Hafner Sadhu Singh, Research Methodology in Social Sciences, Himalya Publishers

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Stoufferetal, Measurement & Prediction, Wiley, N. York Stoufferetal, Measurement & Prediction, Wiley, N. York J.W. Barnes, Statistical Analysis for Engineers & Scientists, McGraw Hill, New York Donald Cooper. Business Research Methods, Tata McGraw Hill, N. Delhi

Computation Methods in Chemical Engineering Solutions of linear algebraic equations, Existence and uniqueness of solutions, Gauss elimination, LU decomposition, Cholesky factorization and iterative methods; Eigenvalues-eigenvectors, symmetric and non-symmetric matrices, similarity transformations, Jordan forms, applications to linear ODE's; Computing eigenvalues, power, inverse power, Householder, QL and QR algorithms; non-linear equations, Picard iteration, Newton Raphson, contraction mapping theorem; SturmLouville problems, separation of variables in rectangular and cylindrical coordinates. Numerical solutions of initial value problems, time-integration methods, Runge-Kutte, predictor-corrector methods, stability. Finite differences for PDE's. Books 1. Davis H. T. and K. Thompson, Linear Algebra and Linear Operators in Engineering: with Applications in Mathematica, Academic Press. Chapra, S.C. and Canale, R.P., Numerical Methods for Engineers, McGraw Hill. Finalyson, B.A., Nonlinear Analysis in Chemical Engineering, McGraw Hill.

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