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Job skills.

Whether you are just starting your technical career or looking to make a career change, it helps to know what career skills are hot in the job market. The following list of technical skills are currently in high demand. The list includes information, a brief history of each technology, and links to training resources. 1. Unix Operating System The Unix Operating System is the foundation of the internet. Read about Unix, the history of Unix, and find resources for Unix training. Unix is a critical skill for a career in Information Technology. 2. Linux Operating System The Linux Operating System is a Unix-like operating system that is being used by many large companies. It is quickly growing in popularity and is a popular operating system to develop for. Linux is a great career skill if you want a career as a System Administrator. 3. Java Programming Language Find information and training resources for the popular Java programming language. Java is an object oriented programming language developed by Sun Microsystems. Java is a popular career skill if you want a to be a Web Developer. 4. C++ Programming Language C++ is another high level, object oriented programming language. C++ is often used in commercial application software development. It has been (and continues to be!) a hot programming career skill in the market. A career as a Software Engineer would be the most likely with C++ expertise. 5. Perl Programming Language Perl is a dynamic scripting language that is used quite often in networking, system administration and web site development. Knowledge of this multi-use language is a must-have for many career paths. 6. MySQL Database Management MySQL is a database management tool that is widely used. Knowledge of MySQL is necessary for many careers, including Database Administrators, Web Developers, and Software Engineers. 7. Microsoft C# Programming Language The C# programming language from Microsoft Corporation is rapidly gaining popularity as more companies utilize the .NET framework. This is one of the hottest career skills in the market right now for Developers. 8. XML - Extensible Markup Language XML or Extensible Markup language, is a popular language that makes information on the internet viewable across many different platforms. It is relatively easy to learn. While many Developers know XML, fewer of them are experts in XML. It is a specialty focus that is gaining popularity for a career in Web Development. 9. HTML Skills HTML continues to be a necessary skill to have for Web Design careers. Expert knowledge of HTML is a must-have for this career path. 10. Project Management Management of technical projects is a necessary career skill for advancement, no matter which technical career path you choose. Formal Project Management training is a great start to more senior level technical roles.

1 internet The origins of the Internet date back nearly 40 years, with the U.S. military's funding of a research network dubbed Arpanet in 1969. Since then, the Internet has undergone more than just a name change. The number of computers connected to the Internet has grown exponentially, while the number of users has risen from a handful of computer scientists to 1.5 billion consumers. The network's reach has expanded beyond the United States to every corner of the globe. But its popularity has a dark side, as it has evolved from a friendly research network to a hotbed of criminal activity including fraud and identity theft.
starts in the 1950s and 1960s with the development of computers. This began with point-topoint communication between mainframe computers andterminals, expanded to point-topoint connections between computers and then early research into packet switching. Packet switched networks such as ARPANET, Mark I at NPL in the UK, CYCLADES, Merit Network, Tymnet, and Telenet, were developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s using a variety of protocols. The ARPANET in particular led to the development of protocols for internetworking, where multiple separate networks could be joined together into a network of networks. In 1982 the Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP) was standardized and the concept of a worldwide network of fully interconnected TCP/IP networks called the Internet was introduced. Access to the ARPANET was expanded in 1981 when the National Science Foundation (NSF) developed the Computer Science Network (CSNET) and again in 1986 when NSFNET provided access to supercomputer sites in the United States from research and education organizations. The ARPANET was decommissioned in 1990. Commercial internet service providers(ISPs) began to emerge in the late 1980s and 1990s and the Internet was commercialized in 1995 when NSFNET was decommissioned, removing the last restrictions on the use of the Internet to carry commercial traffic. Since the mid-1990s the Internet has had a drastic impact on culture and commerce, including the rise of near instant communication by electronic mail, instant messaging, Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) "phone calls", two-way interactive video calls, and the World Wide Web with its discussion forums, blogs, social networking, and online shopping sites. The research and education community continues to use advanced networks such as NSF's very high speed Backbone Network Service (vBNS) and Internet2. Increasing amounts of data are transmitted at higher and higher speeds over fiber optic networks operating at 1-Gbit/s, 10-Gbit/s, or more. The Internet continues to

grow, driven by ever greater amounts of online information and knowledge, commerce, entertainment and social networking. It is estimated that in 1993 the Internet carried only 1% of the information flowing through two-way telecommunication, by 2000 this figure had grown to 51%, and by 2007 more than 97% of all telecommunicated information was carried over the Internet

Computer network y collection of computers and devices interconnected by communications channels that facilitate communications and allows sharing of resources and information among interconnected devices collection of two or more computers linked together for the purposes of sharing information resources, among other things sometimes considered a sub-discipline of electrical engineering, telecommunications, computer science, information technology and/or computer engineering since it relies heavily upon the theoretical and practical application of these scientific and engineering disciplines.

y y

Telephone Network y y telecommunications network used for telephone calls between two or more parties. A fixed line network where the telephones must be directly wired into a single telephone exchange. This is known as the public switched telephone network or PSTN. y y A wireless network where the telephones are mobile and can move around anywhere within the coverage area. A private network where a closed group of telephones are connected primarily to each other and use a gateway to reach the outside world. This is usually used inside companies and call centres and is called a private branch exchange (PBX).