REPORT ON THE ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF PILE AND PILE CAP FOR

HANGAR & ANNEXE BUILDING - ANDAMAN

Owner:
AIRPORTS AUTHORITY OF INDIA
Client:
ECLAT DESIGNS & INFRASTRUCTURE PVT LTD.

Consulting Engineers:
vc Ocean Engineering & Consultancy Private Limited
Submission: 10.05.2011
Final Report

........................................................... LOAD COMBINATIONS.........................5 4................................................7 8................................................6 8........4 2.. LOADINGS ................3 2.......................................................................6 7.......................................... Design of Pile cap:.......................4 3.................................................................................................................................................................................10 2 ................... PEB Portion:....................................................................... Steel portion.......................................................................................................................................... Concrete portion....2......................................5 6................2..... Wind Load.......................................................................................4 3....7 8..... ANALYSIS.......................................... Design of Pile:.................1..............................................4 4............ RESULTS................................................4 3.....................................TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.......................................5 5............................................ Design of pedestal:................................................................................1.................. MATERIAL ............................ DESIGN OF MEMBERS..4 2........................ Concrete portion:.............................................................. INTRODUCTION......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................1............2....................................... GEOMETRY.............9 8..................................................................1....................................3............................................................

1. INTRODUCTION It has been proposed for the Construction of Hangar and annex building at Andaman. Chennai. This report deals with the analysis and design of pile and pile cap of the hanger and annexe building at Andaman. 3 . ECLAT has awarded the “Detailed Analysis and Design work of the hanger annex Building” to “OECPL’’.

3. For Main Members - Fy.2.182 m. GEOMETRY Steel portion The length of the building is 30 m (c/c) and breadth of the building is 45 m (inner dimension). The spacing of columns is 7. This is a steel Hanger building with reinforced concrete pedestals.1.2. 2. 3.50 m c/c. Concrete portion The length of the building is 30 m (c/c) and breadth of the building is 6 m (c/c dimension). The spacing of columns is 7.2. The height up to the eaves level is 7.1. 2. The pedestal rests on pile cap.50 m c/c.340 For Secondary Members - Fy-250 Concrete portion: Grade of Concrete - M30 Grade of steel - Fe-415 4 . MATERIAL PEB Portion: Grade of Steel. 3. The entire system rests on pile foundations.

10 Pz (kN/m2) 1.75 kN/m2 Unit weight of steel = 78.6 x Vz2.24 Wind pressure coefficients corresponding to a roof slope of 3 degrees is considered.10 Design wind pressure (Pz) factor 1.53 = 0. Live load on roofing = 0.05 kN/m2 Unit weight of concrete = 25 kN/m3 Unit weight of brick = 20 kN/m3 Wind Load Wind load corresponding to basis wind speed of 44 m/s is considered as per IS : 875 Part III Wind load calculation: Basic wind speed = 44 m/s Risk coefficient (k1) = 1 Topography factor (k3) = 1 Terrain height and structure size factor (k2) (Category 3.10 Design wind speed (Vz) = Vb x k1 x k2 x k3 height 0 . height 0 . LOADINGS The following loads are taken into account as per IS: 875 part I and part II.4. Load Combinations 1. Dead load + Live load 5 .5 kN/m3 Unit weight of roofing = 0. 4.1.03 Vz 45. class c) height 0 . 5.

The steel columns are assumed to be hinged at the top of the pedestals. axial force and bending moment acting on piles are obtained and the members are designed for the appropriate forces. live load as per IS: 875 Part I and II and wind load as per IS: 875 Part III. 6 . Seismic analysis is done as per IS: 19832002. The reactions from the steel columns and pedestal are transferred to the pile cap as corresponding loadings. RESULTS From the analysis the bending moment acting on pile caps. Dead load ± Wind load 4. The loads considered in the analysis are dead load. In the analysis. Dead load ± Seismic load ANALYSIS A detailed analysis of the building is done using finite element package program SAP 2000. Dead load + Live load ± wind load 3. 7. Dead load + Live load ± seismic load 5. 2.6. the beams and columns are modelled as frame elements.

Grade of concrete = M 30 Grade of steel = Fe 415 Size of the pile = 600 mm Equivalent fixity length of pile = 8 x diameter of the pile = 4. Total Moment = My + May 7 .5(DL-EQX) governs the design.30 kNm. Ma (XX direction) = (PuD/2000) (lex/D) 2 = 12. 8.3 = 275.6 m (lex/D) = 9600 / 600 = 16 >12 Assuming leff Therefore the pile is treated as long column.8 m = 2 l.1.8. Muy = 27 kNm. lex = 9. From the analysis: Pu = 160 kN Mux = 263 kNm. DESIGN OF MEMBERS Design of Pile: Design of a typical Pile P1 is illustrated below: Combination 1.3 kNm. Total Moment = Mx + Max = 263+12.

32) Mu = 278.8% of cross sectional area of the pile = (0.8 / 100) x π x 6002 / 4 = 2262 mm2 Resultant moment Referring to Chart 57 SP – 16 (pt / fck ) Area provided 10-Y25 (4910 mm2) 8 .0296 = 4.0296 = 160 x 0. Therefore design for. Mux = 275. L0/500 + D/30 = Ma1 0. < 27 kNm.3 = 39. Minimum reinforcement = 0.74 kNm.015 (Mu / fck D3) = 0. Muy = 39.5 / 600 = 0.3 kNm.15 = 0. Pu = 160 kN.32 + 39.3 kNm.0 kNm (Pu / fck D2) = 0.(YY direction) = 27+12.043 (d’ / D) = 87.3 kNm = √ (Mux2 + Muy2) = √ (275.04 Asc required = 4320 mm2.

1) Provide 10-Y20(3130 mm2) pt Provided 9 .85 x b x d / fy = 0.35 % Therefore o.8. SP-16 Since.k. Ast min (IS 456:2000.7 pt = 0. Clause 26. 2 Mu/bd = 0. Design of Pile cap: A typical design of Pile cap PC2 is illustrated below.5. Design for positive moment: Size of the Pile = 600 mm Grade of concrete = M 30 Grade of steel = Fe-415 Assuming clear cover as 75 mm and also assuming 20 mm diameter bars are used b D d Mu = 600 + 150 + 150 = 900 mm = 1000 mm = 1000-75-10 = 915mm. Referring Table-4. = 0.2. = 580 kNm.1. = 0.2 Ast = 1830 mm2.85 x 900 x 915 / 415 = 1682 mm2.

τc = 0.25 m Mx = 42. Maximum axial force = 256 kN (C) Maximum lateral force = 170 kN Length of column = 0.5 kNm C = 256 kN Therefore the pedestal is designed for factored moments.01 (Chart-44– SP-16) 10 . Pu = 384 kN Mux = 64 kNm = 450 × 750 mm Grade of concrete = M 30 Grade of steel = Fe-415 = 0.3.Design for shear force: Maximum shear force in the beam = 248 kN (factored) Vu = 248 kN.04 Size of pedestal Pu / fck b D Mu / fck b D2 = 0.396 V/bd = 0.27 < 0.396 Hence no shear reinforcement is required. A typical design of Pedestal P1 is shown below: Combination DL . 8. Design of pedestal: From the analysis the maximum forces that are transferred to the pedestal are calculated and the pedestals are designed for the appropriate forces.W0 governs the design.

3% 11 .p / fck = 0.8% Ast required = 2700 mm2 Ast provided = 6-Y25+4-Y20+4-Y16 (5002 mm2) =0.01 × 30 Minimum p = 0.01 p = 0.

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