You are on page 1of 24

16

zjQ YU{
Me Y J
He e e 2^6
GQSG LH
jQ e 80

Yj dG jRh
adG eG
AH Gh

07

11

{ `a

YH GHG AH
eRG j eM
G dG

`dG z

HUGh 122 e
811 1135
N S OM
dj

02

dG

2011 ZCG 13 aGG `g 1432 eQ e 13


(487) OdG
Saturday 13 - August 2011
issue No (487)

NdG JjY / NdG jY


bdG `` j`` hCG QG`` `` ` UEG ``` Y
dG J e cCdG j ,dG
,H HfG G jh ,hdEG
jW Y hCG IdG Je jW Y dPh
Hfd hdEG bG

1^0185947
AGT

AGT

``dG jDh`dG
F``dG ``M

Qh``dG j``M

," jS hh" HAJ hCG ,Qh``dG fJ e GPEG , idH jh ,jdG dG j


ObG LGJ dG WG RhJ Gd ..TGh H jObG dG N C..h``Z h
.QhdH Y HJ dG J UNh dG hO L Y KDd jeCG OhG jeCG
T c h ,``eRCG Y c a ..JGc SJh ,jeCG ObG GY KJ GNDeh
,jah ffH eCG MdG G c dG jeCG jdG S aQ gNCG dh ..FV
dG dG ObG g WQG cCG CG bQGh ,QhO jJ 14^3 jdG Rh M
GjHh fdG LQdG HdG hdG H JCJh ,QhO jJ 1^6 e cCH jeCG jj
fC ;M dh G LGe LCd IN c ,jdG S aQ . QhO Qe 470`dG Y HJ
NdG Me EG Uh dG jeCG SCGdG ObG H JJh Lh Y eRCG
,hdG dG hU :e idG dG SDG Y IG jdG g ZQh .gdGh
hO GQhdG GQe W e IN GRhH d dH e CWGJ dG ) hdG dGh
a fc ,dG KQdG IM T Y dG jeCG J Gg c ZQ ,(Y j WMG
e J H GQh``dG GQe YH f FdG eZ eY 1973 Y e UH
fRGG Y IOjRh QdG dG bJ EG aVEG .a G dJ H gdG
.J dG jeCG hG Sd f G
h ,dG dG j c UCa dG G Gg jeCG eOCG G dP eh
G Y c H j OQe EG e ObG e a T jeCG ObG
QfGh c H HQG Y j bQh EG jeCG ObG h ,jSBGh dG
.G YdG
fe J ``N e ``G YU QSG Y ``bhCG e dG YG c
c ,QedGh dG SCG e YH jd G YGdGh hG aGh ,SCG
U Yh ,L b dG SCG jH hdG bEG EG aVEG ,G HM a
..G hdG eh hdG d SCG d jQe
Gd LJ OG aG e QdG d hQ dG dG LdGh G Gg CG EG
H UN ,Gc gQCGh jeCG fGG Y fG ,"GQG GU" g jU
GQhdG e GQG e jeCG fGG c dG GdGh faCG hM WQJ CG
jQG Ra d a bd Te VdGh ..SCG H e JGFY J dJ gh
T L UNh dG hG e Gje S da ,eOdG SFdG HfG
.g dG OdG LG jY YGb AfE G jeCG dG OSh ,SBG
d eBG gOhM EG LGJ M dG jeCG S Ze Mh ,Fj dhfi gh
. edG e Y H GG Gee e IFdG MhL
hCG Id "RQH fG RQfS" dch e RG FG J jeCG a eYh
Ic YH YGJ dG ,dG dG GSCG L Y c H dP fG ,jQJ
SCdG bh" CG Hh ," dG V EG dcdG f J " jeCG ..dP Y YEG O
jdG JQGh fRGG dG JQG H dP e QM CG dcd S a ," SCGdG
dcdG bJ M ,G Gg Y j d G CG hjh ,be Z je EG dG
.jdG G CGSCG gjJ
ObG j CG HdG e fCG hj ,G Mh ,dG G X h
FG dG LGJ M h .iNCG Ie edG IOSG e jdG QdG jeCG
,VGbG Y IQOb J a (H.H.H) EG eOdG edG N cCGh cCG dG dhd
.jdH AadG Y IQdG Yh cDe H SaEG j dG eCG
,jeCG jObG eRCG Gf Uh dG HUCG GWCG CG Hh dG
dH TGh de ,IG jdG EG dG jT GQGfEG LJ GJ
e h ,dG U Pf J I``YO gh ..jeCG ObG dG JJh ,fjO
H dGh dG jObG Y dH J JH dG jeCG jObG SdG
H J AGOdG jedH e d h .jeCG GdG de cCG e gQYH UN
jJ dH jh jdH a e S dG c dG ``jCG EG " :dH S Y
Vh IQhH dG IYO e fh .."IOhe UCG LQG VhdG e Ff c
,H Keh Ie IjL WMG Y Vhh ,jeCG QhdG dCe Y dhO HbQ
Obd gGdG bGdG eCGh .MGh H a j KQc hM d GQN j CG
IjL Yh jL f f EG LH bj ,Ue L jeCG J dG dG
EG ShdG J je Y UCG jeCG QhdG C .dG Obd QGSG J
.H eG L
JY JQG M Y H dG G hdG hO Y Lh g eh
dP ,JGObG Y FG jeCG J J AGL e dG QKBG Jh QhdH
Ve OdGh OcdG e IjL Me Nj jeCG ObG CG cDG e H fEG
.eOdG dG GdG cCG c
TCG N fCG M ,LGdG EG LGG QhdH dG jdG JQG b dG OJh
bY QSCG JQG e IjL Le Sh LGG QhdG e dG OQS eOdG
EG VdG G SGQO G bGh Y Vj..G aU J c QdG H d
JGQSG jd f f CG Yh ,Qh``dG fJh V X Y H jdG HQ
,HG jeCGh jSBG hdG :e QgORGh dH IYGh GSCG f QhdG e Y GH
dG eCG ,a QhJ dG GObG Oj H QhdG LGJh VfG C .jaCG Lh
HdGh HhQhCG hdG e eOdG G UNh FGdG Jb Y c H S
.QhdG He JY JQ jQch
QhdH JQG e dM Hj jdG jG L Y S Y S OLh EG
S KDS jeCG jdG CH J dG SGQdGh jQdG H GQGSG cCG Y EG
.QhdG S Y
Y Qh ,OQG dGh QhdG LGH dfi KCS d JGP H b fObG EG
LGj Mh .QhdG He %15 `H jdG b aH dh ,QhdH jdG HQ S J IOYEG
EG S NO CG j dG eCG ,eOdG TCG N %15 `H G S Y QhdG
.edG fRGe Y dG IOjR j %15
dP dh ,``HhQhCG hO d jOdG jdG ce GNDe LGj hQdG CG G h
.Ic GQGVCG H CGh ,BG G Y g cCG LGJh jS H QhdG f
dP J d jeCG d ,eOdG TCG dG N ce HhQhCG RhJ CG bG eh
G dGh ddG OjORG e L c e jObG cG H S H jdG G
.fEG LGJh
GKCdG e Y OHGh jH jObG SS OjE JGe fS Gg EG
. SaEG jhg f IH LGG jeCG Obd dG
hatim@alroya.net

0^1048247
H

0^1045438
AGT

FdG M

www.alroya.info

info@alroya.info


1^0214369

jdG FQ dG jG

:`fh``dG ``j`dG

www.moi.gov.om/shuraelection

1^3795822 1^36136342

U 24

jDhQ .. IG

dGh ad jDhdG SDe Y QJ eT jObG ej


0^1057286
H

0^1054366
AGT

0^10267212 0^1023836
H

AGT

dG ```dGh jdG h H dG O`bG aCG J zH`dG {


ie hO fHdG SCG gh .IOh``fi eJ
HSCG cCG N JVfG UGe eCG f 9000
S fGh . ``SQ``e 11 G`` dR e ``HG````VG hG``` dG
e eCG QhO e cCH ``HhQhCG SdG N fH je
. jeCG dG S JQG
10h9

H HhQhCG GSCGh dG GQhCG g dbh .G


RjhQ - jQH
dG CGH GM Va Hh fSCGh djEGh fa CG
.iNCd dhO e UJ J d ,G eCG H edG b ``` HhQhCG ````SCG Q````SCG ````JQG
dG M d TfG Y e G eCG IG
H MGh H hQdGh QhdG QSCG JQG dP EG
HS FN Vd ```eCG jdG ``f```dG ``eCG dG YO j dG SDG SC G Y

Ff Y be GKCJ :e d dG FdG
IG jd FG dG ```N AGL ```dG

fh`````J L AfEGh SCG QSCG ```JQG


dG ... z adG { TdG dhW Y.. jOd

jDhdG - e

jDhdG e

dG FdG Y H Y H GRdGY b
IL dG jObG VhCG EG e d
Y Ua OjEGh ,ddG e cCG Qb aJ f
He SGh eG fEG IOjdGh IjL
LEG dG Y jH Yj CG eCG Y
Y GKCJ jCG bj fCG Ve .G dG
. dG N AGL e dG Ff
03

Ae Y YUh IQ aZ J
Gd fedG JeCG ``K ``` dG
QcdG ``` e J ```M ,``` dG
YGQdG ``jRh G``L```S L ``H OGD` `a
e OY M jd dG IhdGh
YGQdG dH bdG GP YVG
.dG dGh
06

21................................ adG LGj cCG IAGdG Y hdG


z```jdG hD````dGh ````bhCG{
eQ N Y Ua dCG aJ

jDhdG e
hDdGh `` ` bhCG IQGRh ``````N
IH d Y Ua dCG jdG
e dPh ,eQ T N jhGdG
. jhGd FCH LG J LCG
Oe `` H ``j``` dG``` Y `` ` ` ` `VhCGh
AGh ```FCG I``FGO je adG
GQGOEG ac Y UdG ``jR``J ``fCG
UH jdG hDdGh ``bhCG
EG G````e ,`````e ``c ``L``M ````M
Ie IQSG H j dG CG
.VdG Gd N

J NOE N
G jQdH IjL
```dG ````S cGJ
jDhdG e
,dG ) G jQdG cGe CGJ
dG (``U``` ` T ,`` `Y ,Q``` U ,``` ` U
ZGd ```````dG ``H ```a `````dG
eG jQdG Ua e IOSd
I ``````jh ,``g``` Gh ``cG``G ``g
j ```````dG ````j ``` M ,``Y``` ` SCG
AdG Sh , (2011/8/24) AHQCG
`` H`` ` `Gh `` ` ` dG GQ`` ` `` `NG ``` ` H
`` ` `KG `` ` `j `` ` `` `` `dGh ``` ` ` ` ` ` dG
`` ` `KG `` ` j `` j`` ` `dh 2011/9/5
ASCG ``````S ``` M , 2011/9/12
. 2011/9/14 AHQCG j dG
02

L VZ J WdG
dG `````U ICGeG b
jDhdG e
fdG `` ` `Y ``W``` T ``` `
e afi WT IOb
dGh jd edG IQGOEGh
IYG e VZ a e FG
Jh .``` ` ` ` G ``````U (.)
WT ce J bGdG UJ
OLH WGG MCG e kZH dG
ILCG dG ``MCG ICG``eG L
KEG Yh ,dG jH eGdG e
bG EG WdG ``LQ fG ```dG
VJ b Y G CG J M
.Jah EG OCG IOM IGOCH W Id
Y WH G G TH bh
dG GAG`` LEG QdG Y fdG
EG ```U``dG EG O``b ```dG ````dGh
M ,G cH (..CG) G
. Me
17

feQ eGQO `a

dG jDhdG

2011 ZCG 13 aGG `g1432 eQ e 13 dG

A``H ```Gh ````adG `````eCG `````Yj ````dG ```jRh

S ``H ```fi ``H S `` ``d``K Q``fi h


Y AH jH Gh adG je FdG
M dG QhO Ve jdH dG Y bh
,jdG ie Y eGh cG e dG
IOe jS IOjR Y dO dG bQCG EG Jh
c AfEG LCG e dG H J dG dG M
.dEG J dG dG W
O`` ` `G `` j`` a ``` ` T `` b `` ` `` `` `eCG `` ` `N h
G G``` ` H ```M````e ih`` `f OH HG
Y ```e``c ``d``b ``cQ ge ``K``K J
YLG ``c````e ``e `````G ```j `` ``f``L
YRG a Gh adG QhO R``HCGh
.eGh

Jh d dG dGh Gh adG
J IjL IQc gC dPh jRd ITG
j dH jG AdG ee EG
H ```VG``dG h edG ad G````fh ``dG```dG ``e
VSG bh ,dG jh fl G
H WG QGhOCG h dG g Y dBG JVfi
GdG ``N M Y ``dG``dG G```TD`G M h
Rh EG 2010 ``Y `` bQCG Q``` TCG ```M ````V``G
KG ``e ``cC ````dG Jf ```dG dG W
e % 90 f ``e ```dG W ``dCG jYh
ge Oh H UG H eG AfEH
iNCG jh dG OY IOjR OH IQGRdG CG G
h J f G dG jf b d dG e
. HQCG

GH c dGh ,IhdG dG QG eCG


dEG J a Gh ``bG``dG G adG
J e je ``b``G MCG H S H Q``H
EGIQTEH JVfi CG``Hh Gh adG
adG fb QGUEH b dG dG SG
MU I edG jDhdG Y d Gh
h G M G S H SHb dG dG
fH NCG Ad YCG G FQ YQ
jg ``Y ```j `` dG ``Y````LG QEG h ``j````dG
,jG dG h``H j Y dGh fdG
Ge WdG Gd dG e Gje j ``h
edG dG SG J e EG JVfi S
dG ``jRh dG e gQUCG ``jQGRh GQG``b e
AfEG CH Ad YCG G FQ Ff

jGdG Me IhdG QGM IQGOEH dG jRh e


dG IQGRh QhO EG Geh ,fH cQH
gGQhOCGh Gh adG `` gCH YdG
Yb fl e hdG N e ``dPh ,dG
.gCG dG H eh G
HdG dU H S H dU dG K
SHb ``````dG ``c`` ``` dG `` eCG ```` ```G
Ve `` M Ih``` dG ``jG``H ``` e``` SEG ``a`````d
cQ M Y YLG Qch ,SEG dG
IYOh ```SEG dG fe Y jM S
jBG EG ge dG GP UEG EG eSEG jdG
jdG jdG jOMCGh dP Y dGdG dG
Y cCG dG FbdGh dG e H Ve
.edGh dG gCG

jdG S AH
GY ``H fi dG e jYQ ```bCG
adG GH eCG dG jRh FdG ``gGR ``H
I`` `j`` `G `` `j`` `a `` ` `` `e `` ` `Y `` ` ` `dPh `` ``` `` ` ` ` Gh
eCG J M ,AH jH YCG OGdH
eQ T ``N jd dG efdG Q``WEG
Gh adG Ve QNG A``L ``bh ,Q```G
dG IQGRh e dH eCG d Gc
QhO RGHEG H Gh adG J
f H WG dSdGh G h adG
.G OGaCG H edG aK
,Qhfi KK Y cQ IhH eCG efH CGHh
FQ Ff FdG S H S H S b bh

e eG ed Fbh GAGLEGh G OGG GSGh OGS eQU WGTG


CG c ,d e Z UTCG b e
H UN WGTG Vh IQGRdG
aJ e jdG IO``YEGh GSG
e ed IA``` ` dG hP ``e ``U````TCG
gQYCG J dG Y ,G OGG
,`` ` `G G`` ` g ``` ` d``H `` e`` Y 18 `` Y
jQJ ```j QG`` W ```N ``` Vh IQh``` V
AGLEG IQhV ,QGSH Y edG
bGe ``` ` TEG i````` QhO ``` UQ
OGG e eG GSG ,GSG
,dG YG Sb ILC G
e ``F````dG d ``L``G ```Y `` eCG
OGG IQGOEGh bGe F Ea G OGG
j{ Y 24 bQ IOG f dG
G EG ZEG G QOG IOYEG
IOG e c ze d G
OGSG ``J``H e ```F``dG ``e 26 ``bQ
FdG ``````dG ``V```H `````G OG`` `G
Y G jh ,dG e
OGG jJ IO``YE IQGR``dG e jJ
N J cdG Y jh ,G
OGG ```d G ```G ``e ````SG
G dG ``JG``ah dG Q``N
,jdG Y ``EG e cCd ``dPh
OGG ```e i`` `NCG OG````d dH `` eCG
b ``` ` ` ` ` ` J ``` j `` `fE` ` a ``` F``` ` dG
J CG EG H MG hCG jJ
dG iG EG a TEG je
c.J K e OG``e a J
Vj dG ``Y``G ``e cCdG j
,d S QNG AG``LCGh edG d
SG bGdG HG GSG IQhVh
G G``` ` ` SGh ,```````dG ````H
HG YTEG YG e ``fOCG
Y ```S```G dG ``````SGh d
OLh IQhV EG aVEG jdGh dG
eG ``` G i`` `d QG`` ` W ``` N
G i``d QG``` dG ``jQ````H ``` ` dGh
.Ie IQH eG

HdG fi

.dG jQJ OGYEGh


J dG WGTG J c
eG gaGJ j dGh ,FdG
fh OGSH j a G OGG e
dGh eGSGh OGG g jJh
OGG GKCJ e G H dPh ,e
.dGh fEG Y G
UG `` `WG`` `` ` TG `` ` `gCG `` ` eh
jdGh ``` ` dGh OG``` ` SG ``````H
Qd edG IQGOEG aGe e H
FKdG Jh ,fdG Y WH
IQJa e OG````SG d MG
,cG dG IO``` ` Th G``` dG
dG YL eh dG e Sb
Vh ,````J CG O``Lh ``Y ``e ``cC```d
NCGh ,bdG cG Y jj a
jdG a dH IQGR`` dG aGe
dgCG ``W```G ``Y G````H ```j H
J CGh ,IG UGd Heh
OGG GSG eDe jdG bGe

e ``e````d``H G ``e````G O````d


,d dG dG G OG``G
e eG d dG IQG J
Vfih dG QG```UEG ,G OG``G
`` fG`` ` `dGh `` FG`` ` `dG `` L`` ``` ` ` dG
NGdG ```e ,IQGR`` `dG i``d I`````G
OGG e eG G Y dGh
.dH G
j CG fdG JOe QG```dG fh
b ,FQ bCG KK I``FG``dG ``g
H ````j `` dG ``Y``` ` TEG ``` U``dG
Ud ````G QG`` ` f
E G ``` fi ``f````Uh
Meh ``` SGQ``H ``` ` dGh ,`` ` `` `TEG
Mh ``` ` ` ` Jh ,`` Y`` ` `` `TEG ``` U``dG
LGeh ,``Y``` ` TEG ``` U``dG ``` S``` b
G QG`` ` fEG ``` fi ``` YCG ``````Jh
UG jQdG OG``YEGh ,TEG Ud
J NGdG b EG cjh .H
,dH G OGG e eG G
OGG e eG G Jh SGQOh
OGG ````NG``J ``f``` H `` ` NOEGh ,`````G
LGeh ,IQGR``dG fH IYb G
He ,MdG e ````NG``dG
jJ IO`` ` `YEG ``` ` ` Y C` ` ` H `` ` `G
dG hCG MdG e G OG`` G
,dG G`````SG CG ```d ``L``j
dG ``` V``fih ``` d``` G QG`` ` `UEG h
IG `` fG`` ` `dGh `` FG`` ` `dG `` L``
HbdG b j H ,IQGR`` `dG i``d
G Y dG ``` dGh
OGSH AGS G OGG e eG
h ,`` j`` ` `` `dGh G`` ` `` `` `SG hCG `` ` `` `dGh
GQGdGh FGd G J He
NCGh ,G OGG NGJ WGTGh
G Y ``bG``e ````TEG Sb
IQG Jh ,G OGG e eG
QGUEGh ,dG bGe d dG
L ``` ` ` dG ``` V``fih ``` d``` G
,IQGRdG i``d IG fGdGh FGdG

dG S LMG J IjL J NOE dG

dG.. G jQd cGe N dG AH


fl HQGh gDG WdG edG idH dG S aQ
gCJ EG j M ,dG S Lj dG G dG
gS ``bh ,IO``fi a `` GP I``g``e Wh eY i``b
gDe Wh eY iH dG S aQ G jQdG cGe
G jQdG cGe Lfl Y W g UCGh ,ah J
.UG dG b e
G jQdG jd Ic GOL edG idG IQGRh Jh
,dH G jQdG ce AfCG QL dG CG M dG
S LMG J IjL J NOE J IQGRdG CG c
IOdG efH Jh ,e CGJ dG GG ah dG
Y EG ````dG ``e``f``Hh (ICDL) ```S``G IO````d ```dh``dG
j Sh ,dhdG dG e b e G (KAB) YCG
.iNCG bEGh dhO e GOTh eGH GQOEG
cGe ```dG G IA````dG IO````T ie ``aQ c
a c ,( G HdG ) ie EG eG G jQdG
dH SGQO ```cE jG e jd dG ``H
cE d aG aJ H HQd J dPh ,dG
a dG dG ```S LM ```cG``eh ,dG SGQO
geh ,``cG`` I``j``G dGh ````bCG ``e O``Y ``a```VEG
kb (15) Y d dG g YJh ,G jQdG
.G jQdG cG e J (32) h jQJ

jDhdG e
(UT ,Y ,QU ,U ,dG )G jQdG cGe CGJ
Ua ``e IO`````S``d ```ZG```d dG ``H ```a `````dG ``` dG
YSCG I`` jh ,``g``` Gh ``cG``G ``g ``e```G ``jQ```dG
AdG `````Sh ,2011/8/24) A`` ` `HQCG ``j dG ````j ```M
KG ``j dGh ,dG HGh dG GQNG H
ASCG S M ,2011/9/12 KG j jdh 2011/9/5
dG ``j jQdG CGS , 2011/9/14 A``` HQCG ``j dG
. 2011/9/17
WGd G jQdG cG jQJ Ua aJ Sh
,2012 / 2011 jQdG d (``fEGh Q``cP) Y Y MdG
jQdG ,```fh```dG ,fhJG e dG ``e O``Y
,dG ````dG `` ,``` NG``dG Q```j``dG J ,``YGQ``dG
,fdGh dG fe ,dGh jdG ,AHdG ,dG
g CH Y ,IQdG ,GAfEG ,GQdG ,OG Jh dG
d ,Q``c```d fl Jh ``fE`d fl J
QjdG J ,``YGQ``dG ``jQ```dG ,```fh```dG ,fhJG
YRe dG CG c ,e fEGh QcdG a j NGdG
.G G jQdG cGe Y
YdG gCG e MGh j G jQdG CG cdH jG

`` ` `U`` G `` `FG`` `` ` dG `` ` `` `` `Jh `` `j`` `h


jDG TEG AGS TEG e jH
JGSG Jh OGYEGh ,jDG Z hCG
Jh ,TEG e jd dG
,TEG ```U``d ````G QG`` `fEG ```fi
j ``` U``G ``` S``` ` dG `` ` `NCGh
dG `` ` ` ` `ShCG ``` ` fl `` `` ` ` ` TEG
fl Y dGh hdG ,fdG
dhdGh ``````bEGh G ``j`````G

L j G OG``G GSG hCG


bdG e HG ``F``K``dGh GG
a GOTh G OGd G
Ibh G dG ``fh ,`````dG
N aQEG e IOd YTEG dG
MU G e GSG VZ cDj
.dG
O`` M `` `b QGR`` ` ` ` ` dG QG`` ` ` ` `dG `` ` ` ` ch
OG`` ` YEG I`` `FG`` `dG `` `g UNG

fG OY jDhdG
WGTG R``HCG CG { ``jDh``dG{ c
Q`` `` ` UCG `` ` ` dG QG`` ` ` ` `dG ``` ` ` ` ` G
HdG S ``H S ``H fi e
,GNDe NG hDdGh `````dG `` jRh
AfEH hCG ``JO``e `````j `` `dGh
J ,TEG ``e jG I`` FGO{
OGSG d eT SGQO AGLEG Lh

ObG
2011 ZG 13 aGG `g1432 eQ e 13 dG
`````He

dG GQhCd e H fedG TdG G hCG

Vh Y k dM f :e d dG FdG
eSEG aG eG d eT JGSG
(kfe ``K``Kh ``` KGh ``F```K``Kh GQ````e
He 2011 dG e hCG dG Ia N
FNh GQe KK) jQ e (3,560)
.VG dG e IdG GP `a (kfe Sh
JQG EG FHdG FGOh IOjdG g iJo h
.dGh dG FGOh

TdG Y H - e
`` FdG ``Y `H `Y `H GR`dGY b
jCG ``b```j `` fEG `` e `` d `` dG
N AG`` L ``e ``` ` dG ``F``` f ``` Y G`` KC` `J
.IG jd FG dG
e ``` S ``a``` ` ` ` SG `` `N `` `dP A`` `L
e d dG Fd dG GQhC`d
`` bh ,hCG `` ` `eCG A``` ` e ``` ` T``` f ``` ` M
jCG bf :``Y `H `Y `H GR`` `dG```Y
j e AGL e dG Ff Y GKCJ
N Gh jeCG IG jdG
`` cCG ``e G`` gh ,``` j``eCG ``` ` FG ``````J
TG KCdG H eG dhDG H
IG jdG j dG Ob
.jeCG ObGh jeCG

feQ M
fedG TdG G hCG fch
dG GQhC` ` ` d `````e ``` S ``````J ``` dG
`` ` YCG `` `LQ ``Y``b G`` ND` `e ``` ` bCG `` b
e h ,`` `G ``` ` d ``e``` dG `````dG ````
H ``dhD```G ``e O``Y aSG ```d``N
FdG Y Y GRdGY :``gh e
Y je HL Qech ,e d dG
GYh ,dH H aG eG
aG eG Y je Ye FdG
G ``bG``G fZh ,dH jQSG
aG ``b```dG I``j``e TdG A````Yh
dhDe e OY QH dPh ,SDd
e O``Yh ,Q``````SGh ``W```S``dG ``c```T ``e
aVEH YEGh adG LQh jG
,dG GQhC`d e S dhDG EG
.GjEGh Ud e cTh
TdG ``` ` G C` ` `H ``c``d``H `` j`` G
YdG J S fdG fedG
21 `` `MCG `` j ````U ``e `````dGh ````S```dG
S S M ,Q``G ZCG e
dhDG e GO``Y dG GQhC` d e
``H S ``gh ,jQc Y cT
,cdG IQGOEG FQ FdG M H
FQ Ff gRCG M dhh
LQ YH dPh cd dG jG - IQGOEG
.G d edG dG Y YCG

VhdG FGa

.VG dG e JGP IdG jQ


dGh VhdG CG EG QTCGh
(4,267) EG d (%11^5) H kG M
Sh ```F``e h GQ````e ``` HQCG) jQ e
e hCG dG I``a ``N (kfe Sh
KK) jQ e (3,826) He 2011 dG
`a (kfe hYh Sh FKh GQe
YGjEG JQG c .2010 dG e IdG GP
H (G`` ` jEG GO``` ` T k ```````e) ``F``H``dG
HQCG) jQ e (4,332) EG d (%21^7)

,SGh eG fEG IOjdGh IjL


Y ``j````J ``Y````j CG ``eC` f `` dG `` eCG
EG Ge ,G dG ```LEG dG
a M GNDe IQOdG edG LdG CG
ah b eSEG aG YCd G
GcDe ,````G d I``` ch I``j``L ```U``a
G Vh Y dM j e H CH
EG Ve edG Ld GJ eRdG
G HbdG ``WCG QhU j dG CG
Wf CGj M eSEG aG YCd
.G Gg

Ff Y GKCJ
N AGL dG
FG dG
IG jd

hCG dG HQCG
e H G bGG bh
dG fdG ``M Fe VY
hCG dG dH ```U``G
CH ```VhCG M ,Q``G dG e
hCG d FG dG FdG
dG CG EG J 2011 dG e
(57^2) Q`` b ```a```U ``` HQ ```M
TCG dG I``a ``jQ ````e
fQe 2011 fj 30 G
e (47) ddG dG HdH
2010 dG e JGP Id ``jQ
H dG ``HQCG IO``jR j
.(%21^7)
FG`dG GOG`` `jEG `aU JQGh
(105^9) EG d (%20^2) `H
TCG ``` ` ` dG `` N `` `jQ ``` ` e
fQe 2011 fj 30 G
`` ` `jQ `` ` ` ` `` `e (88^1) ` ` ` ` ` ` H
.2010 `` ` dG `` e `` ` JGP I``` ` d
EG k` ` ` ` S`` `` ` SCG IO`` ` ` j`` ` ` dG i`` ` `` ` ` Jo h
`` ` `UCG ``` Y CG`` ` W `` ` dG ``` ` dG
`` ` `U `` ` ` ` `e`` ` g `` `` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` dGh
T `` ` `c .`` FG`` ` `dG GOG`` ` ` ` ` jEG
H k`Y```JQG i`` NCG GOG`` `jEG
e (40^9) EG d (%21)
jQ e (33^8)`` H fQe jQ
dG ``e hCG `````dG I`` a
.2010
d dG fdG VhCGh
dG ``ah``` ` e C` `H `````e
(%23^8) ```````f IO`` ` `jR ``` ` T
dG e hCG dG Ia N
e (61^2) EG d 2011
dG e IdG GH fQe jQ
IO`` `j`` `dG `` `g i`` ` `Jo h .2010
QSG EG dG ahe
H dGh `` `aG`` `G
eCG Xd dG H jJ
J ``e ``` ` dG ``q ````S `` `dG
.FHd aCG ae ``e``N
ke N
q dG C` H ``cCG c
H jQ e (25^7) Q``bh
Id G ``Vh```dG `FN
He 2011 dG e TCG dG
e (20^7) ````H ``````

FGdG f J
dG VhdG Y
aG Y j
dG H bJ
VhdG fi G
% 12 EG J H
G dG jH

`````e ``` H ``` f `` M GD` ` S ``` Y GOQh


,dG VhdG Y IFdG f N
N ``e A`` L ```dG ```d```G ``X `` dPh
H VGh a OLH IQTEG e YEG FSh
,dG VhdGh FGOdG Y IFdG f
j :``Y `H `Y `H GR`dGY ``b
H aG Y FGdG f J j
f ``j`` j ```M ,``````dG `````SD`G
.G J dGh Vh M dG ``Vh```dG Y I``F```dG
adG jJ
Gg IOLG aG Yh ,H SDe c
.MhG dG IOY O dGh dG
`` FdG ``Y `H `Y `H GR`dGY ch
MJ c dCG b `` e `` d `` dG
gG HQCG
S aSG dG TdG G jGH HQCG f IOjR e H LJ Mh
YCG ``LQ Yb dG GQhC` `d e FdG `` ``X ``dPh ,gd ``YR``G
jGH :a b ,G d edG dG G`` `YCG `` N ````dG `````M ``` dG ``` H``` jEG
e d T ``Y ``YC UdG ``g fCG dP e ``HQCG jRJ aGJ ``Yh ,VG
GQhCd e Sh G d edG dG :e d dG ````F``dG ``b ,````dG
dG TdG G g J Y dG dGh HQCd aCG f jRJ j fCH YCG
bdGh dG adG jJ fCT e j dG HjEG FdG Y ehO J
H CG EG Ge jGh SDG H
.S H dG
b K M J Y CGO e
eSEG ae eN
e bfG ``dPh ,QhO H dG Ff
GAG`` `LEGh GQO``` G J Y dG ``U``M d ``` ` ` e ``` H ``L``` H ``` ` ` j ``` ` ah
.jG e bdG jJ EG J dG aG `` e`` G ``` ` d ``a``` e hCG h`` a
C` H `````Y `` H ``` Y `` H GR`` dG`` ` `Y `` ` cCGh
``Y `H `Y `H GR`dGY b eSEG
G`` j C` H bj e H e kT :`` e `` d `` dG `` FdG
12h FG 10 H hG``J H VhdG dG MU I edG LdG
dG C` H Ve ``G ```dG jH ``F``G M ````G `````S ``H ``S``H``b ``````dG
M ,``FGO``dG SG ```Y I```c``J ```UG``j dG AfEH dH UG ``YQh G
FGOhh ``jQ``G ``FGO``dG Xe G`` M FdG d UdG ``M``JEG e eSEG
30 G SCGQ jc f H bh ,adG aG `` e`` Gh ```````d ``aG``f ````d
fOCG ``G He FG 13^3 2011 fj kdM j dG Ea ,dG eSEG
12 ddGh ,dG cG dG e G G d eT JGSG Vh Y
.FG ,eSEG jdG MC kah FHd dG
dG ``e ```aG``e ```Y ````G ```H ``dPh
IL dG VhCG
M jdG j ``fCG EG Ge ``c``G
e ````d ``` ` ` ` dG ``` ` F``dG i`` ` `HCGh
a ```Y ````j ``` S ````dG `` c ``e GPEG BG
,dG jObG ```VhCG Y MJQG eSEG ```a````G ``e``G ````d h`` a
f IL dG ```VhCG X :Fb dG e ae H S CG
Y Ua OjEGh ddG e cCG Qb aJ FOGdG Y KDj d ``dP fCH GcDe dG

ObG
2011 ZG 13 aGG `g1432 eQ e 13 dG
Q `` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` N G

fe 931 EG cG dG id FGOh

% 7 H jQdG ```dG ```UCG ```dLEGIO```jR


````jQ ```e 16346 ```e ```cCG ```dEG
dG GQhCG QSG UQ OGRh
EG d ``F````H 45Q7 H `````LCG
fj jf Y ``jQ e 220Q6
Y jQ e 151Q3 fQe 2011
.2010 fj jf
FGOdG LEG OGR ,G fL h
FH 12Q9 H jQdG dG id
Y jQ e 11152Q5 EG d
e 9880Q8 fQe 2011 fj jf
.2010 fj jf Y jQ
UG ``` ` dG `` ` `FGOh ``` ` L OGRh
e 7381Q7 EG d FH 6Q2 H
fQe 2011 fj jf Y jQ
jf ``` Y `` `jQ ``` ` e 6952Q3
.2010 fj
dG i`` d ``e``` G `` ` FGOh OGRh
EG d ``F````H 32Q1 H ``jQ````dG
FGOh OGR c ,Y ``jQ e 2822
830Q9 EG d 21Q4 H dG dG
.f IdG N Y jQ e
GjdG jdG IdG VhCGh
dG ``HQ ``` U CG EG ````J ``` dhCG
Y jQ e 119 H b jQdG
.2011 fj jf

11450Q4 EG d FH 12Q6 H OGR


.2011 fj jf Y jQ e
H ed ````G ````FG OGRh
FG OGR H ``F````H 2 H V
62Q4H ``e``` dG `````SD```d ``` ` G
UG d ````G ````FGh ``F````H
UQ fG a ..``F````H 8Q6 H
``jQ````dG ````dG GQ``````SG
H (`````LCGh ````) ```d``G GQhCG
jQ e 1814Q6 EG d FH 3Q2
fQe 2011 ``` f``j ``j``` f `` ` Y
fj jf Y jQ e 1873Q6
.2010
jQdG dG IRM UQ fGh
dG gQj dG G`` jEG GOT ``e
e 1163 EG d ```o `dG ``c``G
fQe 2011 fj jf Y jQ
fj jf Y jQ e 1443
.2010
GS jQdG dG GQSGeCG
e 285Q7 H a eG dG
fQe 2011 fj jf Y jQ
fj jf Y jQ e 143Q7
.2010

fdG - e
Y dG jdG VhCG X
ObG dG ie j ie
keYe dG Ia N OdG dG
Jh ```UCGh ``FGO``dGh FG IOjH
.dG Z YdG dG
Y IQOdG jdG IdG VhCGh
IOjR CG`` W `` fCG ````dG ``c``G ````dG
d FdG dLEG Y Xe
M - ```````d``H ``` e``` dG ``jQ``` ` dG
IQcG d dLEG fGG J
. 2011 fj jf Vd kW
dG `` g ``` UCG ``` LEG OGR ```M
e 16346Q1 EG d FH 7 H
jQ e 15274Q1 `H fQe Y jQ
.2010 fj jf Y
dG `` FGOhh jdG GQhCG OGRh
o dG `` c`` G ``` ` dG i`` d ``jQ``` ` dG
```Y `` jQ ````e 931Q7 EG d
e 814Q7 fQe 2011 fj jf
eCG ..2010 ```f``j ``j```f ```Y ``jQ
e ``s ` ` T `` `dG ``` ` FG ``` ` UQ `` ` `LEG
a ,```UCG LEG e FH 7 f

jQ e 258 `H GjEG GOT Qj cG dG


UeG EG eJ dG jdG SdG
dG i`` `d ``j``` ` dG ``d``` ` ` dG ``` F``a
Y Gh UG Lh Y G
H G S Yh IFdG S QGSG
Y ```Y I``F``` dG ````S C` `H ````Y .`` Y
T ``e TdG ``e Id AG````dG IO`` YEG
e Y SOdG ```Mh ``G ZCG
.FH 2g f dG

c GOdG d I``F```dG S Se
0Q03 e S YCG H a FH 0Q03
GOdG ```J I``e CG EG I````e ``F````H
bSG S M ,ej 28 EG J
.G S T e HdG
Y IQO``` ` dG G`` ` `jEG GO``` ` T ``` ` Jh
dG H QJh dG cG dG
Y d ```d``e IGOCG ```a ````N``G

fdG - e
dG ``c``G ````dG ```` ``` Y
fdG GjEG GOT QGUEG Ff L
b ```LEG H M ,730 ``bQ QG``` UEG
`` jQ ``` ` e 258 ``` ` ` ` ` G GO`` ` `` `` `dG
.Y
CG ````dG ``Y IQO``` ` dG I`````dG `` cPh

ObG

2011 ZCG 13 aGG `g1432 eQ e 13 dG

Q```````NCG

fdG cG `a Vhb b cCG UJ He UGJ z jDhdG{

zhdG Y{ e b dG Vb QGb d j QX H
H e G jH G h ,jQ e 26^1 b H bh
H e ``j``dGh FGdG Y jRd G jN EG QX
.f QX
H efi ``b Mh ,SG ``b ``dP H QX H dh
,SG b h ,a SGh SG aH hdG Y
.FGdG Y G jRH M GNCGh

W eb hdG Y H efi d dG dSH aj


e S e N H G h ,db dG QGdG Gg
jQ e dG J Y MG e BG SCG OY jd
jRJ dG jdG HQCGh fG SCG Hh ,H 100 EG
.VG IdG N
,S e 31 GH VG S e 2 OY Qb jdG a

H NCG d dPh ,G J bH dG G EG H
dG Y - e
fCH aOh ,H UG jd AjEG VQ Y cH UG SCG
EG IQTEG Qh .dG j dHh e S dhGJ eRdG ffdG GAG``LEG JG ``fCG Y QX H YCG
e c dG , H efG f Cf SCG g e CG Y ```H ``e ``````dG `` M ``````dG ```V``b QG`` `b `````d
.hdG
. QX H e ,VQ Y Y SDe V
GQhCd e S be Y f H dG bh
,SCG H QX H C dG jEH M VdG bCGh
dG Vb C`H h``dG Y H e dG M dG
:JBG dG GAG`` `LEG G 2011/08/08 ``jQ```H Q``b
,QX H a FGdG L Y RG G jRJ
H dd G bH Oj CG Y ,IFdG N fh
.QX
ffdG GAG``LEG JG b QX H CG dG ```VhCGh
G dH QU dG QGdG Gg d eRdG
2011/07/24 jQH b dGh (KdG IFGdG) FGHEG
e 26^1 ` ` dG e) Q```X H G`` eCG Y ```G H
. (Y jQ
Vhb b cCG kGNDe a b dG AdG ch
hdG Y H aQ M ,jQJ cG bhQCG gJ
UCG d OG``L fi ```VQ Y ``` YCG ``LQ V i``YO
,hdG Y H e gNCG Vhd AjEG NCd c
.QX ```H ````SCG ``Y IQ``` Y ``` UCG ``g ``e A``L `` ch
e Ff M QU M GS ie Y dG LQJh
jQ e 26^1 e OGH QX H Y dG G
dG cfi jQJ Y Re e VCG gh ,Y
.BG M
G dG iMEG eb M CGH b dG fch
Y dG e SSCG CG d j N H GS Y b
dbh -M GL Lf fc dG -OGL VQ Y Y
.QfG Th Y YG g CG dG
PJH YbE VQ Y N J M dG fch
dh .``d```YCG d Gf Y gQSGh ``Vh``b
LdG V iYO jH dG eb G Gg f H
dG dG JJ OGd dGeCG Y H a de
fch .hdG Y H dG g MCG ch ,jH QJ
H S e 1^925 g M LdG dG UCG
Y H jO OGd QdG H G bh ,QYh QX
UG i``Y``dG 2002 ``Y h``dG Y H ``bCGh .h``dG
fjG hCG VdG b jH VQ Y cT d H
dCG Jh Sh FSh e{ H dGh ,H UG
Gg Y dG b e IQG IFdG fL EG Gg ,z``jQ
QU dHh ,G UCG Y %11^98 EG Uh dGh ,G
aVEH ec VdG b Y dG H Fb M
e H %2^25 H G JbCG dGh IFdG b EG
MCG dG ``e dG ``N ``e ``dPh % 11^98
.QX H H UG SCGh VQ `H UG GQdG
SCGh QdG Y dH h``dG Y H b dHh
UG dG G GW fCG EG G M Y AH
%2^25 EG %11^98 e G N dG IFdG f dC
PJG hdG dG CGH a G UCH j a eCG .
G M d SCGh QdG Y dH GAGLEG
IFa e G UCG dG OSG dHh ,VdG UCG Y
j a adG H Fb FdG GdG X d .%2^5
hdG Y d QU ``dGh ,IFdG H UG dG
H VQ Y cT dG SCG H e M
J QX H CG EG %11^98 `H IFdG b J H QX

ObG

2011 ZG 13 aGG `g1432 eQ e 13 dG


````````````He

UG dGh eYEG cQ ObG YEG M De H e

Gb OjEGh jOd fhJ L AfEG VGSG


dG ..zadG{ eCG K dG d j
``dG ```a ```edG ````dG cG IQhV ```G O```bG ```YEG
```dG RG```HEGh A```dG ```dG ```Y ```WG GQ``G ``J QhO YEd
G ``YEG FSh ```dEG YJ ObG
UCG EG aVEH eYEG OcCGh
H a MdG j M ```YCG MUh
G ObG ``YEG jJ fCT e e
dG ```` ``H ``` UG``` dG ``e R``` j `` h
YO ``` f``L `` e . `` ` ` YEG `` F`` ` `Shh `` U`` G
IQGOEG Y ``LO``dG Y ``H ```MCG
hJ CG ````gCG EG `` `YEG ``F```Sh ``a```dG
LGJ ```dG HdGh ``U``G dG ```g
egG fL EG YCG MUh UCG
j CG LCG e dG iNCG YVH
G OjEG jCG GQhO ObG ``YEG
T `` dPh ````dG ``LG``J ```dG ``H``````d
SDG ```d ```e``YEG ``d```S``dG G`` gCG ``e
.eYEG
GNDe iL fCG EG adG FQ IOS QTCGh
SH a be Y UN M GSG
adG IQGOEG ``e ```U``M `` dPh ``a```dG ````FQ
bGG ``g e ee ``e UGdG Y
c ,SGh jgL J dG fhdEG
jJ ``e H `` WEG Y ``a```dG J
dhJ j dGh ,UG dGh adG AGOCG
h ,gZh fhdG fhGh MG
jRJ feEG adG SQJ NBG fG
IQ aZ Y jT c QJ dG adG
jdG Y adG e EG Y YUh
Y ```d```` ``````J `` `dPh ,h`` `` ` dG
.gQhU Qa adG e f

FSh ``e ``U``G ``` ` dGh ``a```dG `````J


.jdGh G cGdG QWEG YCG

e ObG YEG

G GY H N.O
eYEG ``` ` ` JG``` SG ``` V``H ``` J `` gh
YEG I``FGO je jY Jh ad
dG Y J S ``fCG e ,`````dGh
GgCG e aGj Jh gjJ SGQOh
.adG Jh
Y dG dU H Y bGh
YEG ``M ``D` ``a```dG Y ``a```dG IQGOEG

GLdG L H OGDa .O

.YEG FShh adG H FdG VGdG OG EG G dh .Yha


e VG IQhdG Ia N CdG Gg
ObG YEG M De
SSCG GJe 10 GVh jdG adG IQGOEG
dG QhO ```Z ``Y Q````G A````J ```c
QGhOCG SJ V ``eh adG AGOCG jd
h ,``` ` jDhQ ``` Vh `` Yh ``a```d``H ``` e``YEG bY jJ Y a adG ha MUh
dG CH adG FQ IOS QTCG CdG Gg
.UGh dG YdH adG
adH NGdG dG i``MEG g eYEG LQG cQH j a ``fCG VhCGh
UCG ``e O`` Y I``Y``H ``` J ``` fE` a ``a````d
AbUCG Fb G ```YCG MUh
JcQe `` ` `SQ ``` ` ` J CG hO ``a``` dG
dG MU hCG MU j M ,LQG
CG ad h cQ dG dG ``c
.LQG JcQ fGe J
U CG IQhH eYEG H dWh
jObG SDG S G SDG
aH Y YUh IQ aZ ee h
d ``e G``````j ```M ```d ``jQ``` dGh ``Y``dG
IOe J dG K eh G cCG Qm GhOCG
cCdG h .QdG j jObG eYEG
`` ` `e`` YEG GQ`` ` `b ``j``` J IQh`` ` `V ``` Y
fdG ah jEG dG
`` dPh ,`` jO``` ` ` bG G`` `` ` TD` ` Gh `` e`` ` ` Gh
SDGh `````G ``e h``` ` dG ``j``W ``Y
G hCG ```````dG ``````c ````````G
.YEG IQGRhh jObG
NEG ``` ` gCG ``a``` dG ````FQ IO``` ` S `` `cCGh
j M dG SCGQ Y jQd eYEG
G cCG Jjh dG QdG e
.ObGh
adG J SGQO EG JOS Lh bh
eYEG cQe Yd LJ de fRG
gJ ``` dG ``jQ````dG O``a``dG ``e ``` LQ``G
d Y TQh J Y a adG
.jObG dG HdG M
eYEG `` MCG ````fG ``T`````d ````UG``eh
J fc adH jObG dG IFGO
YJh JAGb j IOc jObG OGG
QWEG G``g h ,fdG eSdGh TCH
Fb h```J jd ``a```dG FQ IO````S ``b
Cd HJ e ``gh) GSG e e
fH ``` ` Jh 1973 `` Y ``` ` ` SC` J I``` ` G
h ,(SBG ``Z h``d YLGh ObG
AGOCG jJ M SGQO CG Y JG
HQh ``jO`````bG ````dG I``FG``d `````dG
bH i``NCG dGh jObG bCH
.zJfeEG Yjh IFGdG QhO Rj hdG
J ``e ``` e``YEG ````H ````fG ``d``c
YLG Qhj Y I QNCG e adG
IYO J CH GdWh adH NGdG dG
Q`` ` NCG Q`` ` hCG ``` ` ` dG ``j`` A`` ` `SDhQ
adG YLG dG jObG
GQGG ``N Qh``j e R``HCG f j M
.cCG H GQG``` dG P``` JGh AGQBG ``` Jh
YLG g CG adG FQ IOS VhCGh
GQGG c f h NGO H e
IFGO J dd be J dG AGQBGh
jCGh adG FQh adH dGh ``YEG
g e ``e f ``e H ```dG ``j``G
H ````f ``` LC` J ``` j ``b ``` c ,``Y``` ` LG
e GQG``b QhH G eGh Q```NCG
ObG CdH G eG G
LGJ ``eCG .e bJ adG J M
a YLG ``g e jdG A```SDhQ
e a dG dh dM he
VCGh .cQe YJ SCG ``Lh EG
IQGOEG AYCG e Y aGh fCG JOS
jdG M -G dG ASDhQ -OG
``c YLG Qh``j ``e ``M ``e``YEG
d GjJh YO dG H dPh

G G``` Y ``H ````N IO``` ` S `` `h


Y e dG Y HdG eCG jGH
AdG CG cCG a eYEG e G AdG
G Qh`` dG ````gC`H ``a```dG ``e ``f``CG ``JC` j
dG `` ` e`` YEG ``d``` S``dGh `` ` `YEG ``F``` S``H
FSh ```` ``Y ``` dG CG`` `dG EG J
gCG jGJ M ,FGh YGh IAhG
dc fc h ObG fG eYEG
H hJ g j C`H jM adG E`a
a ```U``N `` `YEG ``F``` Shh ``U``G ````dG
jObG dG dG H j
bdG GP ``jO``` ` ` bG G`` ` `MCG ``` H``` eh
YEG OjEG Y e dGh dG ObH
dEG Uh e e Tj e ObG
. QgORGh e dG ObG dG
dG SS e Tj AdG EG G bh
FSh ``e aTh ```V``H ``e````dGh ````G
GMCG J ```dG IBG`` G gQYH `` YEG
jCG ``WG``G j hCG CG```j hCG G``d ``b``dGh
YJ adG EG j e g CG e ,c
eCG CG EG ,a YCG MUh UCG
dG jYd SSCG Lh adG CG j
ObG Jge Jh jJh UG
UCG ``Y``H ``` ` gG E` `a ``` d``Hh O``` dG
SSCG QGhOCG ``e ```j ``` YCG ```M```Uh
1973 ``Y SCJ dG ad jgGh
EG ``` J `` Y ```f GP ``jO`````bG `````SD``c
h YdGh jQdG dG J
G ```` ````Y ``a``dG ```Y ````dGh
cTh SDe ``gQhO ``Y a
N ``cQ``````d ````dG ``U``G ````dG
ebEG J N e OdG edG dG
YdG ``a``c jdG jQG SCJh
YdGh IQ``` ` d``c ``jO``` ` ` bG `` ` `Gh
i`` NCG G``WC``H j a `` eCG ,`` YGQ`` dGh
SDe a Y ``Y MdGh dc
IOS ```VCGh .e jYH J i``NCG
jCG g ``NBG fG ``fCG adG FQ
Aj ``e `` ` YCG ``` M``` Uh ``` ` UCG ``e
CG e ZdH adG H J ``dG Qh``dG Y
``dh```G O``` Gh UGeh I```c `` `gQGhOCG
.MCG gj UG dG eN
SDc ``a```dG EG ```d``H ``JO````S ``H``Jh
Y G```c ```f ```fE`a ``U``G `````d ``` YGQ
c jH j a YdG dG
adG E`a CdG G``g h dG `` e
Y `` aGh `` dG AGQR`` `dG ```` QG``` H ``M``J
UG dG EG YdG dG SFQ f
iDhQh dBG EG UdG S dG eCG
C dG GQe L jJ LCG e
HU J ```Y IQ``b `` cCG ``g ````dG
e ee OjEG dHh dG LMGh
dG e hdH LdG ObG dG
hCG `` YG`` dGh ``j``` ` dG Q``` ` Y``H ``e``` G
.UG d

UG dG j
c LGJ dG jdG EG G Jh
UG dG YCG MUh UCG e
UCa ,Y Y MdG jCGh Gh
de dJ VG IdG e G YCG
AL dG gh JfRGe V J aVEG
G LGj dc ,JGhdG IO``jR YCG
YJQGh QSCG J J iNCG j
ZdHh dG Gd Gf NB M e
jG j G G E` a ``dP e
hO QSCG JQGh dG hdG g Y
Y dG OYG f J bh h QG
%95 f EG i``NCG h``dG ``e O```dG AG```dG
IQhG hdG e gch da dHh
LQG jObG hdH Gc Je
FGdG OGG H QSCG JQG EG ODJ dGh
j NBG m jCG UG dG LGj c ,
Se QLCHh Y Ua aJ EG LG
.Y Y MdG e Ic OGYC

J hCG IH
e O`` `Y EG ``` ` ` eCG QG`` ` `G ``` ` fGh
EG dG Q````G ``MCG ``Lh M ,``NG``G
MUh UCG Y gcJ H adG
```H`````UGh `````e ```a`` ``` YCG
IOS ```Vh ``bh ,ad ```LQ``G ``cQ````G
J ``` ``e ``L``j `` fCG ``a``` dG ````FQ
WGh ```a```G ``H dG hCG I``H`````H
c gG g dG Y H dG
Ak GS dG UG dG H
bH hCG ``a````d `````F``dG ``` G ``Y ``dP ``c

UN -jDhdG
dG Y YUh IQ`` aZ VJ
jOd fhJ L AfEG feEG dG
dH Vd j Gb OjEG ch
fedG `````eCG ``K ``dPh ,dG
eQ ````T ````S``` ``a``` dG ``g````J ``` dG
.dG
H OGD`a QcdG e eCG Jh
dG IhdGh YGQdG jRh GLdG L
bdG GP YVG e OY M jd
dPh ,dG dGh ``YGQ``dG dH
adG IQGOEG A````YCG ``e O``Y QH
Gh dhDGh YCG MUh UCGh
.UGh dG YdG e
FQ G GY H N IOS bh
eCG ```````J EG ``a``` dG IQGOEG ````
dG IhdGh YGQdG dG M jd
UC gCG ``e dG G``g j `` A``L
G G`` g ``` e``` dG `` ` `YCG ``` M``` Uh
Obd jObG b e h G
dG UG dG CG EG Ge ,WdG
Se hCG IU SDe Ak GS aWCG aH
jObG IFdG M Q``j IdG Mh
.G Gg QSG H Oj dG
GOY S `````eCG CG ``JO````S ``` VCGh
be e dG dG YVG e
jGh ````SCG U ````Sh QG`` b ``eC`J
.dG GQSG jQeh dG fGe M
bJ ,GGh YGQdG dG h
d WdG JGSG Qh eCG
,eOdG I``` dG `` N ``` fG``` Gh ``` YGQ``dG
AGT Y jQdG ``cG``G J J c
be ``Y a fdG ```YGQ``dG G
eG O``a``dG ``YQG``G cQe Ve
QG dG H Q````J ```dG ``VQ```Gh
OGSG Y bGe IQGRdG QhO EG dGh
VGeCG Q`````fG ``e d ```fG```G Ih`` dG
e ``j``G A````fEG Hh G ``fG```G Y
.dG We YGQdG G
UCG ``e `````G ``a``c ``` ` G `` `YOh
OcCGh ```e``YEGh ```YCG MUh
a `` ``T``` ` dG AG`` ` ` KEGh Q``` ` ``H AG`` ` `Gh
.WdG ObG e

e eYEG Ad
JeCG hCG ``````SG ``b ``a```dG ``f``ch
eYEG AdG{ GY VG dG
G GY H N IOS QH zG
``e O`` Yh ``a``` dG IQGOEG ```` ````FQ
,FGh ``Y`````Gh IAh``` G `` `YEG ``F``` Sh
OYh ObG ``YEG `` Gh
EG ``a```VE``H ``` YCG ```M```Uh ````UCG ``e
.Xeh adG IQGOEG AYCG e OY
adG `````J hCG ``` ` ` eCG ``dh``` Jh
gCGh ``e``YEG dG e UG dGh
e jObG cQG QhH YEG j CG
dGh HG jW Y UG dG
UG jObG GMCd YG eYEG
jJ gGh dG ``U``G dH
Gf jObG Yhd ``e``YEG dG
jd Sc ``YEG j dG gCd
Jh JWd jhdGh JGeh dH
ANCG VJh HjG dH jCG JGQe
J ObG f hCG SS CG Lh EG
.dG SDe H
adG CG ```Y ```cC``dG Q`` `WEG G``g h
IQdG J ``Y j ``U``G dGh
e Q``` H ``U``G ````dG O``` ` ` bG ``bG```d
eYEG dSdG LJ IO``YEG ZdG g
dG dEG Uh dG fG jJ j
bGhh H ```dG CG``dG jJ gGh
```e ```g````Gh ``` YCG ```M```Uh ````UCG
b OjEG f aJ dG AGQBGh G IQH
jdG G Wf h GQJ cCG UN
Ib cCG ObG YEG AH e L EG L
. Gh
dG QhG e OY Y eCG JQG bh
Gh dhDG H bdG jJ V
MUh ``` ` UCGh ``U``G ````dGh ``a```dG
f ``` Uh `` ` YEG ``F``` Sh ``a``ch `` ` `YCG
aVEH ,``e``YEGh dG e J
G j a hdG dBG j EG
e jObGh jdG jd eYEG
dGh adG dG CH j e S
.UG
jdG Y dG EG eCG bJh
JJ Q`` WEG `` YEG ``F```Sh ``LG``J ```dG
dGh ``a```dG Teh fC ```e``YEG
GNCGh ,bdG GP i``NCG jdGh UG

ObG

2011 ZG 13 aGG `g 1432 eQ e 13 dG

QGM

He e e 2,6 Me Yh ..JGQSG M jQ e 80

eQ M
bdG OM

feQ jcP
gP SGQ ``dGR e dG jcdG e
c GPEG UN eQ T J fc dG J
g ,AdG a HGHCG j eQ T
hCG G dG Gg J e
c CG H dG dG EG fG e CGJ
. dG a N OGdG f
JeCGh FHBG Yf WCG c fCG cPCG
a S J fc dG dG
TJ fc dG G J j c AdG
Yf IjL a f dG dG
e jS QJ jdG IOdG g fch ,
NO eGj eY UN AdG a NO
.eQ T NO e AdG
fc ```dG dG G ``e f c
IjG G Y f ch aZ TJ
e d jG TGdG H S dG jdG
j dG OGdG hf CG UN OGdG e
eh IjL e j OGda ,AdG a
H cCH jdG J OG``dG jL
. dG
g jhP hYj Gfc jdG WCG
G f ```ch jS QJ ```dG SdG
. G SGH OGdG e h IjG
IjL fCG EG WH ZQ VG IG
dG ``g f e O``` eh ```b d
G fY IG J gf eY
WCG f c , eBGh YLhCGh JbH
.fAHBG IYe Hf fh Wf hCG
Ta H dG dG EG f eY
gh ``a```dG ``a``H f ```c I``j``L
IG WH VdH f ch
j dLh G``L H fc Ia ,
EG G JCj eY UCG OcCG ,WH
dH fh f c c G hCG edG
. ah c fN CG ZQ
: INCG bQdG
eHG O
e SdG Gj e hCG
h
e a
S
hamood.altouqi@cma.

GMEG Y J z jQ YU{ :G S
WdG ObG Yd eGeh e``T ```J
" IOQG" QSCG L ch cSG dG aJ gS G YdG
YdG jQ cdG SCGQ IOjRh SJ
FXdG fl fdG d jG b e b LJ
dG hO fl d S N UCG fdG G
NdG QOe jH J dG WdG GgCG e OY Y J G CG YdG jQ e Y je G Y H S cCG
QN bGdG aGh WG d ITdG eG OL V dPh ,UN H QX a bEG dG YJ fCG c ,edG
.e UdG
1992 Y e af fCG dhG CGH dGh ,YdG Wd edG SDG Y J dG WG iMEG) G CG EG G QTCGh
cCG cdG e dG SJ dP gSh ,He e e 2,6 RhJ Me UCG SdG e OY Hh (jJ He e e M
.dG NGO dch LQG bGSCG YCG f Y PJ cdG J e CH j dG eCG ,dSCGQ IOjRh Ie e
QhG e OYh eJ dG dGh eG EG aVEH ,JGQSG Mh d jObG gCG EG U QGM G J c
. iNCG

j dch .dG YdH bdG fCT e


J dG G eG G e UGdG
dH dSG j Yeh IOe eN
dGh ,````dG dG ```H : ````eh ```S```G
,GQOdG `````Jh Q``` ` ` ` SG ``jh``d ``e``` dG
dGh ``eG``dGh ,YdG QHG ceh
e gZh :YdGh IQdG IQGRh eJ dG
``e``Gh ```J ```dG SDG
jG e Lf fCG c .dG dG
dG H e edG fdG YdGh
bdG UGeh L e ee YU fE
YdG Y f dch ,fdG YdH
H fLj QZ b hCG OGe jd jdG
dG jH G G Y VY IQ
IO`` jR ``` h ``` e``` J I`` j`` L ``jQ``` ` e ```
.dH YdG bdG

``eCG M h .WGG e 700 Qj e SG ``aG``G GP I`` G ``W```G O`` Lh ``X


GQGOEc fG g Y FdG e dG CG BG
.fLCG jd
b e IHh IOLe Zda ,fdG e Y
fdG jCG d YCG UCG
dGh GQSG
Y cCG QhdG jh ,JSDe NGO FXdG eh `````G GQ``` ` ` ` SG ``` M ````j ``c H d ;JfeEGh JGQb KE f XG
? d G IAGdG
.LCG IQGL jQ e ``G ``SCGQ M ,``G ``bGh
,Y `` jQ ````e ``f````dG Rh``` ` j ```Y`````dG
IG Gh dU Ae AfEG j c - bdG Gg Qj CG eOdG MG f dh
?YdG jQ ae b fjH Oj ``eCG G``gh .``dP e YCG g e EG Jjh
SG G GP H jQG e CG EG
eh .kGc a ``G ``SCGQ j ``dGh dGh
jQ e E` a ,``d```U A j a
ch ,jJ GS S IH b fCG YdG e ``cCG SJ ``c````dG ``e dG CG ``M``G
S dG IdG J G OGGh G OJ e CH jh j ,dSCGQ OGRh Ie
T ``fG``G WG jW Y ``eCq G AG AfEG bGSCG YCG f Y PJ cdG J
.dG NGO dch LQG
eCG ,IQhG hdG fGe jW Y hCG ,dG
.kLQN jQdG aG Y q j c ``dG
G eJ dG dGh eG e Y JQ j dG dU Ae fCG eYh
Gb UCG ,dG M dG GfCG cCG SG
?jd
dG EG YdG ``eCG Me jdG dG
EG jQG UCGh jH aO ,LQG jQ ``` ` ` e ``` e``` J `` ` `dG `` `e`` `G `` e
VfG H dG GSCG Jf J aJ ``g h``` ` e C ````S```SCG ``` Jh ```Y`````dG
.LfEG d dLEG ddG AHdc :SSCG JeH Se VQCG b
cJ a fjH I``G G fL e ``eCG
JGh RdGh dG dGh dGh Gh
dch ,IQhG IdG GSCd TG dG Y G J gH . bh SCG ``dPh ,``dG
``e ``G `````G ```Y dH ````G jQGSG ``e ``cC` ` dGh `` `jQGOEG ``e``G ``a```H
e IO``` ` ` SGh `````G ``````` ``` dG hO M ``dh``h dG IQGOEGh fdc ``g``a``J
hdG ```` EG ``g``j````J IO`` ` YEGh dG jdG EG ``a``` VE``H ,``` J ``` dG ``` d``` ` TEG
j `` JGP ``` H G`` gh ,``````G h`` `dG G`` d`` Hh Y ```f````dG ``f````G ``g `````e ``Y ``jh``dGh
OGc G ``g AGd fdG fd Ie e O``a``dG H J dG d GQ``j``dG jW
NBG fL eh ,fEd edG dG Nh N H ```J ``dG Qh``dG ``f``L EG ```dG hO
jd aG i``MEG fjH I``G G J dG ``` ` jCG ```````dG `` eh ,`` e`` YEG ``F``` S``dG
jQ G``HCGh ``aBG j e gh ,fdG G jQ e CG jG H Y M
jQ e bGdG fGh cd IjL Ie cT ``e fG bJG YdG
jG ``L Y Y fL EG ,YdG ```e```dG ````S `````eh R``` G `````e
e UCG YCGh ,QG hCG NGdG e GfcCG AGS UG d J ``dPh ;YdG jQ
Gj CG dG YdG L Y G dG aJ SDG cQ eG dG
dPh ;fjH IG G d jJ aGf J JOM HGd ah LCdG IOYEGh SSCG
dG eGh dGh GG e IOSd
.bJG
Ic GSCG e Hb e IOSG dch ,eq J J dG YdG R``HCG ``eh ,fG O``Y c .jaCG T hO GSCGh dG jQL c IjL YU aVE f g ``gh G
k e
?
jQSG jQG OY ```LEG O``Y Rhj
adGh IOG
c h ,h``` ` e 100 `````G `````Y ``` ` J ``` dG
e IO`` L`` G ``f``` ` G ``Y``` ` ` SG G`` ` `MCG
dEG Uh dG adGh IOG ie e - G dG JQGL J CG YdG jQ
? fdG G ,YdG R``HC`H j ah ,LQG G```SCGh
dGh bdc Ye FGZ YU a
d S N fdG G UCG
fhG WdGh Jeh jdGh ,Jeh
e N e dPh ,dEG J dG hdG G ``L``j ``` c ,IC` `` `` `G `` ` `` `SCGh `` ` `Gh
SG QGS GdG J d dG EG .``Y````e ```q `W ``e``````eh ``` FGhO ``Y````U
dhG O```G H G``g ``ch .G Je Ve d J YdG H CG``H ``dP fL
``dhD` ` ` G ``d``ch ,``f``` ` G ```Y ```F```dG ``e ad ```````S```dG ``Y`````d``c `````G `` b
c J Y FGdG UMh jGh UGG FHdGh SdG YdG G OG``G
IOH j e h .d bGQh jL g e j ```dG YdG ``e ``g``Zh A````dG OG`` eh
jQ e ``NGO ```bG``dG ``f````G `````G UC dG dG E`a g ``eh ,gcd G
G jd g fG ```ZCG E` a ,YdG ad fe e L H YdG G
IOe MGe Y G H J e dc QhG GSCd SG OGG e dG
aCG J fCG c ,```fEG Y Hh b
.jaEG dGh
RdG GSG fL EG ,fEG jG dG
H QeCG g ch ,d jU bW Qe gh
WdG QOGdG XJ
.fdG G Y dY IOL J JGP
MG ``` f``` ` dG ``Y``` ` ` dG ``` ` ` ` e `` e J Ua OjEG S G OL e ?eOdG
Jh jJ He edG ``j``G J
?WdG QOGd
YdG a ,jG b e fdG YdG
jh a fEG e GFdG OhO j CG fH e jG edG OY j
jJ Y QGSH j CG Y H ,G Gg Y e eY 2000 GM YdG jQ
e ch jG dG NBH fSGh Je

jDhdG e
jQ jObG gCG J a ?YdG
J ,dH i`` NCG YU e C` c
eT J GMEG Y YdG jQ e
a ,WdG ObG YO gJ eGeh
GgCG e kGOY YdG jQ e M
QOe jc dEG Ud eG J dG
,WGd Y Ua ``a``Jh ,``e```dG ``N``dG
EG LQG dG e dOJ jQ H Nh
iNCG JGSG jQG SG fL
,dU Qeh ,dU Ae e QX a
Ae G``g ``jQ````dG ``c``G CG ```VG``dG a
OGeh FH OG````SGh jH G ``d```U
i`` `NCG I`` a ``e ``Y`````J `````G ``f``````d
jQ e e fG fEG IOjR H
.YdG
jQ e IO``L``G Yd ``c ``bh
cSG dG aJ IL ge YdG
Fd Q``` ` SCG A`` Z ``` L ``` ch ``` WG``` ` d
YdG H CG c ,QG e IOQG HG
a dP EG aVEG ,IOQG FdG M
YdG jQ G G UCG
A`` LQCG ``a``c ``e ```f````dG ``Y`````dG ``e ``g```c
dHh ,dG hO e GSCG EG J dG
dG d aGc dG dG Y G
QhO `````f `` NBG ``f``L ``e ,``````dG `````dG ``e
WGd dG Ua ad G YdG
,jG dG GP fG J Y jQJh
FGdG YdG Hh FGhdG YdG a
Ya QGhOCH ej fdG UCG SdGh
YdG Ea g eh ,LfEG JY
dH YdG e gc YdG jQ
FGh ````dG O`````bG Qh`` ``e kGO`` `Y ```
dG dG jdG Y fCG j ,d
eG ``e `` cCG ```L ``H ``N ``e `` fCG ``b```j
GOSG ANdG jh IFdG YJ S ITdG
Ghd YCG aVEG b h fEG IOjR EG
QSCH H ```d``Hh YUh H G
jJ dHh LCGh G G```SC`d j
.eOh fEG IYb

ae b
jQ GG bG gj c ?d ae HjEG b YdG
d G GG bG Y KG j
bCG fc UN H QX ah ,Y H
hdG dG jdG EG G hO H e Y
,jaCG ``` T hO G`` ` SCGh ``````dG ``jQ``` ` Gh
CG FdG eEH UCG dU Ae N a
MG ``j```dG G``g ``e jdG h``dG EG J
j T H Ggh bCG Hh Fa YH hdG
jQ e G Fd GG e Gc
hO EG UdG Ea dP EG aVEH ,YdG
T bGdG hdG UNh HdG G e
,dU Qeh dU Ae e UCG G
e ``G dH Ic IQ`` ebEH j ``
dG ``b``G G``g CG ``` dG h ,``d```U Q```e
J dG GQSd HPG eGdG e UCG
e ```dG ie Y ae dG d
FGdG ``G CG ```c ,``` G ``e ``Y``` ``N
G SCd Ge UCG dGh QX a
SBGh `` HhQhCG ``e MdG G`` aCGh dG
SG dG C``g ,dG ``e i`` NCG ```SG``G
UN dU LCG jQG H QGS

ObG

2011 ZCG 13 aGG `g1432 eQ e 13 dG

``````G ````S

dG `a dG H jG f

e S e ddG fh ..AGd HPL je EG LGJ SCG QSCG :zQa{


M ,SCG N SCH hGdG cT 62 UCG
.jQ e 2^916 hGdG d edG G H

he Qa G cd YSCG jdG f
bJh dG dG H dG GQhCd e S
PJG b SGQOh h Gh dG QNCG
afi fe Y KDS dG jQSG GQGdG
ShCG OJ dG dG dM X k UN ,jG
dG N AGL dG GSCG J e eG
AGOCG JQG EG jdG QTCG c .IG jd FG
H U M SCG hGJ MCG e S
ie Y TDG d YSCG SSCG Y %89^54
Y %5^77 H TDG fGh Gg .f 5426^56
.YSCG SSCG

HdG GSCG QNCG


SG ```a ,```H```dG G`` ` SCG ````SC dH `` eCG
NBG ````j CG ``jO`````dG ``` ` SCG ````d ``` dG ``` TD` G
b dH e ,Oh``fi JQG Y SCG L
bEG d SCG jGH e gJ dG FG e
30 kSch %0^51 H Je ,f 6039 ie Y
YdG dZ JQG H SG J JCJh .f
GSCG JT dG dG JQG e eGJh dG
H ``dPh ,VG AKdG eJ jf e jeCG
H bG Z GQdG dG IN Y YEG
b eCG .eY I e IFdG e Y AHEG
,HdG H fQe VfG T a hG```dG
d SG jf L ddG fG M
jQ GQe 4 Rh fc CG H jQ GQe 3^2 f
cCG dhGG SCG O``Y H a ,HdG G
dCG 73 ``e ``cCG dN ``e f S e 139 ``e
.U
S a ,```JGQ``eEG SCG G```SC dHh
Y dG dG IdG YGJ UeG e G HOHO
eJ jH kJe ``JQGh ,dG dG G```SC``H
ie Y ZCG dG TDd %1^1 e cCH AHQCG
G
Qe f IOSG e SCG YSGh .f 1460,99
N I```H fG ```dG bdG b ``e ``gQO
SCG YJ CG H ``dPh ,HdG dG G
G
UNh dG GSCG Y dG YJQG e AHQCG
G
jeCG GQdG WMG YEG YCG jeCG
G
.e eY I e IFdG QSCG Y AHEG
G
OdG G``g Y aG ``e j dG CG HH
Se d O``Yh ,G e dG dG NN
GQGH kG``KC` ` e ,``` a ````f 16^67 EG `` `ZEG ```Y
hCG jG g Y fG H jG jGG
JQG UG kbJ dG dG Yh QGSG
G
EG jQSG jOdG GQSG aH bdG XX
.G GSCG
G
GQhC` d ```X``HCG ```S bG a ,``NBG U ```Yh
AHQCG eJ GOU dhdG UQdG QKBG dGG
Yb ``a``c ``e ``Y``H %1 ``e ``bG ``Y```JQG ee
dG e dM Sh ,GQdGh dG UN dGdG
AGL dG GSCG J e eG ShCG OJJ
.IG jd FG dG NN
G jd UGG AGdG Y h
jL e d dG TDG IOYEG e dGh GhGh
f 2,602 EG f 2600 dG ``Y``dG ``L``M ``a
H dG SCG ac JQGh %0^96 f JQHH
eCdGh dGh GQdG SCG UN IL JQGQG
je ````SCG e e S eH ,YdGhGh
.VG SQe je EG JOYCG fe jSS
LBG OdG QSCG b a ,dG QSC dHh
J CG H A```HQCG GQhO 106 ``a ``G fH j

(jeCG ``c``G dG) O``G WMG

dCG jNBG eY dG b IFdG QSCG AHEEH


G Qe j gS H Qh``dG Y dH
H
G Z dG aO bh Gg .d OG hdGdG
UCG AGd i``NCG I``e IOd jG dd
OSGh cCG IWfl Y J dG QhdH eGG
dG ``e ``L``e H gFN H dG ````SG
CG
d fH ``G fH je OY S bh .O``G
G
je e VfH ed QhO 106^50 EG jCjCG
G ````S ``` JQGh .QhO 107^11 ```Y ```H```S ````J``e
jeCG G fCGh .ed QhO 82^57 EG jeCG
G
G
UQH edG L jCG J Od G
%4^53 hCG QhO 3^59 Je (f) jQdG Qjff
hGJ G H ed QhO 82^89 jdG Y dd
f
.ed QhO 83^14 EG QhO 79^53 e f
S SG ```a ,`````dGh ``g``dG Q````SC dHh
Y WEG Y d ie YCG b j gh gdGdG
f
L S dG (fhCG) bhCd GQhO 1778 f
G
J H SCG J H Se Rj bh AHQCG
(jeCG ``c``G dG) O``G WMG

gdG S JQGh .dG b IFdG QSCG AHEEH


EG QhO 9^5 hCG fc d jeCG LBG OdGdG
dG SdG iG e He bhCd QhO 1752^55
JQGh .bhCd GQhO 1782 GM Y AKdG SS
.bhCd QhO 37^84 EG %0^56 f dGdG
cdG ic SC YdG fL hGO TDe Nh
.f 10,719^94 EG %4^62 hCG f 519^83 jeCG
G
bf ``` ShCG 500 RQ``H ``fG OQfS TDe g HH
TDe Nh .f 1,120^76 EG %4^42 hCG f 51^777
LddG cT SCG Y J dG G GSff

UN - jDhdG

dG TDG ZEG
f 5426 Y

j e S
N f 332
SCG

FdG KCJ Z
dG dG
AGOCG Y jS
dG

GTDe Y QHBG LfEG QNGh FjahdG ddG jQ e 223,3 H %2^3 H kG YG S


aVEG QhH S dGh dG OLH J HjEG IdG GP Y Y ``jQ e 218,4 `H fQe Y
.d IjL WMG
.2010 VG dG e
d
dG
fdG
cdG
YC
G ,NBG U Yh
G QNCG gCG
e 4^62 EG MHQCG LGJ Y ,(ehCG) QSGh
dG b N a ,G QNCG gC dHh
e hCG dG jH (d H 18) ```Y ``jQ
SSC
G IFdG QSCG jeCG QhdH Y HJ d Y jQ e 5^73 H HQCH kSb 2011 Y
H f
jHCG e fdG Id SSCG f 50 EG j
.%19 H LGJ Hh 2010 Y e IdG
c
cG dG) O``G WMG J e j U RdGh dG IQGRh dG bh ,kjCGh
jN
jNBG ed e IFdG QSCG AHEH (```j``eCG dhH `` jBG ``c```T ``e ```dh``H ```b```JG ```Y A``` HQCG
d FGOdG IFa S L dG G ALh .bCG Y e RdGh dG Y d jdG jQcEG
K
K AG``LEG H ,%1^0 e VfG %0^75 Y I``MGh T dP JCjh ,QX afi bGdG 36 bQ ReG
d
dG ``VG``bEG ``YOh dG fCG H ``j``HG WMG jJ IQGRdG dJ dG G OG e
b
bJGh ,IMGh d VhdG IFa N h .UG Y bJG Jh Gg .fEG e aQh dhdG
H %5^0 e ,e d %4^5 EG (jdG) AGdG IOYEG e IOYEG j SG efH H cdG GdG
cj
h .cG b hdG bG XCG e QHBG Mh IjL dGdR Me AGLEGh dGdR Me
.IFdG S cG G ,SG MGe N dG Ff Y AH aSG
dG cd dG fCGh YCG b CG M
hG j e H
.jeCG QhO e 18 Qj e J Me Y H
aSG
a e ```S ddG ``e I```c f EG
SCG Gg FMEG c a kGjh ,e kSCG ``Y R```dGh dG IQGRh YCG a ,dG GP h
N hG```dG b ```LEG ``e %53^27 f ``e CG ``Y i IL f M cG e Y f J cT
H S ``g cT KK hG``J cJ ``b ````SCG J M eH e 93 H Qj f ``fh``fl
L
LEG ``e %27^82 f ``e Y PSG M ,e WMc d Hb c ``gh ,```dhCG ```SGQ``dG
,S
e 6 a SCG OHh e S hG``J b cT CG M ,G G jJ SGQO AfG H
Y PSG dG ed dG cT S kjCGh aSG GH jYh S H eb Y f J
,YSCG hG```dG b LEG e %16^57 f e gcCG e dGh IjG G cG Y SCG dGh
,Y
%8^88 f e Y PSG dG fY cT Sh c iNCG M EG aVEH Y T L eCG M
cdG O``Y EG fHh .hG```dG b LEG e .T hdGh Y Mh T QdGh T Sh S
c
I``NCG S a ,SCG ``N ISGh HGdG ,aSGh G cdG CG IQGR``dG ``cP ``bh G``g
e I
e cT 4 Y e J He cT 51 Y Ff SCG aSG GH ```HQCGh KG H eb

GM `````G ````SC`d ``` LEG hG``` dG ```M ```H


e 32^983 dhGG SCG O``Yh ``jQ e 14^581
.kGY 6,691 N e f ,S
VfG Q``` ` ` ` SGh ``` ` dG ``` TD` e ``` M `` bh G`` g
,f 5848^72 ie Y d %6^88 H YSCG
Y d %6^66 ``````H ``Y`````dG ``` TD` e `````fG h
eCdGh eG TDe ZCG a ,f 5986^77 ie
ie Y d %4^14 H YSCG VfG bCG Y
dhGG cd ZEG QSCG fQh .f 2360^69
JbZEG e cT 62 gOY ddGh SCG jf L
51h ,SCG QSCG k`Y```JQG cT 4 ```XCG ,HdG
.SCG QSCG kVfG GhXCG cT
e 14^581 VG SCd hGdG b H bh
hGdG b ``Y %89^54 f ```JQ``H ```Y `` jQ
a ```b````dG d dHh ,j `` dG ````SC`d
Qj e Hh hGJ j NCG Y %3^18 H fG
QSG U fG M ,Y ``jQ jH 9^749
,%8^17 Hh Y ``jQ e 1^190 dG ``Z
jQ ````e 4^395 ```f````dG ``Z AG``` T b H ```c
jQ ````e 10^186 ``e ``fQ```e %30^15 ``````Hh ```Y
H b H a ,%69^9 H Hh fd Y
%38^31 Hh Y ``jQ e 5^585 fdG ``Z
%61^7 H Hh Y ``jQ e 8^995 e fQe
.fd

dG e jG j dG TDG
hGJ N dG e jG Qg dG TDG UGh
d f 332 GM dG TDG N M ,SCG
edG ``N ie ``fOCG ``gh f 5426 ie Y
dG ``F````dG ``e ``dhG``` G ``Y````j h G``g .````V``G
Y ```YCG ``b ``c ```dGh ,``LQ``G cd jS dG
S G``j M ,VG dj T jf ``e dZ
bEG LGJh ddG f WV Rj e
LGJ ``e ZdH dG ``cG``G A```Hh ````SCG AG```T Y
GJ ``M ,AGd ``HP``L J je EG Q````SCG
G dG Y dH J jeCG ``j``dG ``eRCG
e dG HjG QNCG Z X , IQhG GSCGh
AGd jG bEG e aJh GSCG CG fCT
SCd fG jdG jG e IOSGh SCG
FGdG dG Y e k H ,a cGG Ad jOdG
gJ ```dG h``` dG H ````dG ``Y ```J ``f``c ```dG
e ``MO``a FH e ```dG ``````dG ```UQ```dG
.SCG eJ

G QNCG gCG

jdG eRCG
J jeCG
dG Y dH
G

cT IQGOEG YCG a ,G QNCG U Yh


aGG AHQCG j Y dG YLG N dG dG
ge Y HQCG jRH UhCG b fCG ,2011 ZCG 10
h ,``a``G cdG SCGQ e %20 f cdG
``````G ``````d `` HQC` `c ,``` ` S ``` d `````H (20) O``` j
.2011/6/30
Jd ``` f``` ` dG ``c``` ` dG ``` ` YCG ``` a ,k` `` `` `jCGh
cGh HdG Jd FdG G ,(fY)
55 EG (bCG M ASH) MHQCG LGJ Y ,Y
dG jH (d H 73 H) Y ``jQ e
jQ e 61 H ``HQCG e fQe 2011 ``Y e hCG
H LGJ Hh ,VG dG e IdG d Y
,iNCG Mf eh .2010 Y e IdG H Sb %10
H M , %9^4 H IO``jR dG f S a
Y Y jQ e 150 `H fQe Y jQ e 164
a GOGjEd dHh .2010 VG dG e IdG GP

ObG

2011 ZG 13 aGG `g 1432 eQ e 13 dG

hO S

hQ``````dGh QhdG
eCG %1 Jj
jdG fdG

dG hfl IOjRh jeCG dG JQG e GQhO j zfH {


RjhQ -IQaS

RjhQ -d

SdG `` `N `` f`` H `` j`` e ``` ` S ``` ` ` fG


JQG e G eCG QhO e cCH HhQhCG
dH G hGh jeCG dG S
.idG YdG hdG
S H jL bH 0653 YdG h
S 73 e ed QhO 107^29 fH
gh .QhO 107^01 ie EG g CG H
cCG jeCG G d LBG OdG QSCG
CH hGh QhdG OH IKCe QhO e
.YdG GdG e dG
jeCG ``G dG OY S fGh
84^65 ie ```M S d ````G
bH 0439 ``Y````dG ````Hh ed QhO
e QhO 84^70 dG S S jL
S EG ```eCG `` HhCG e ``d``b .QhO 1^02
103^29 EG ``` JQG `````G ```f ``e``N ````S
QhO 101^20 ``e G ``j ed QhO
Yf 12 ``HhCG S Jh .HdG G
FGG iQU je ``g ``G dG ``e
IdGh dG GjEGh G SGLh
QdGh jdG jdG Nh bGdG G
dG Gh dG G Hh dG
Heh O`````dG ````G ``H``` dGh ``` ` dG
e `` `` ` jQhCGh ``` jh``` ` dG `` ` eh `` ` JGQ`` ` eEG
.QhOGcG

H hQ`` ` dGh Qh`` `dG Q``` ` SCG ``` ` JQG


eCG jdG fdG ``eCG H ``MGh
eJ HS FN Vd G
FO CG eG bj M ,IOh
dG ``f``L ``e ```a```VEG GAG`` `LEG ``Y
IdG fdG JQG bd jjdG
g d ``fEG ```e````G ``bh .I`` `NCG
jdG ```W``dG ````dG CG ```Y `` FO
fd FH dG NO (cG dG)
QhdG j gT Gc HhQhCG H d
.fa 0^7570 He
Y hG``J ``MCG Qh`` dG S ```Hh
dc hQ``` dG ````S ``` JQGh ``f``a 0^7721
1^0982 EG fdG ``eCG H MGh H
.fa

H JJ HhQhCG SCG
G Y dG M
RjhQ -jQH
b HhQhCG SCG QSCG JQG
Y e G eCG IG edG
G ```Y ````dG ```M ```d ,````T````fG
djEGh fa dG SDG SC
.G dG YO j Hh
JQG jL bH 08:00 YdG h
cdG i``c ````SC ```S``ahQ``j ```TD`e
H f 935^41 EG H 0^2 ``` HhQhCG
.HdG G H 2^7 YJQG
YG " :d GQSG je bh
j d ,`` LCG ``j``W G`` KCG ``d``d CG
FdG CG ````d``H h```j ...``b``dG H
GOT S EG G``d`` ``b G Y
."GjEG
G`` ` `SCGh ``` d``G GQhCG ````g ``d``bh
djEGh ``` ` f``a EG `` ` H `` ` ` ` `HhQhCG
dG CG``H GM Va Hh fSCGh
e UJ J ```d ````G ``j ``H
IQKEG a G CG Z .iNCd dhO
IQG dG SCG QSCG JQG Le
gh H 0^6 GL SS S a
S gh H 0^5 jQH H.G.H S
.H GMGh jG..H.H

G dG SCG G Y dG HhQhCG hO
ch -UGY

fOQCG UQdG LGJ


SCG f 56
ch -Y
bEGh ``` ``` dG G`` ` ` ` MCG `` ` ` dCG
a ```dG ``` fOQCG ```UQ```dG Y H
f 56Q7 VG SCG hG``J ``N
Y e gJ je EG LGJh
.f 2014 S eY 2004
QSC ``` dG ```S````dG ``b``dG ``LG``Jh
EG ```eCG ``j hG`` J ``ZEG Y ````SCG
f 2076Q3 ``e ``fQ``` e ````f 2019Q6
2Q73 f ``V````f``H ``H````dG ````SC`d
QSCG ``LG``J ``` bG``e i`` `jh .``` ``H
QSCG ```Uh H ```H```jEG b ````SCG
dG `` eCG ``HP``L ``j`````e EG ``` ` SCG
.dG EG jGh dG S
bdG fG YdG dG Yh
H 2Q56 H `` G `````d ```S````dG
eG d SdG ``b``dG fGh
SdG bdG fGh H 2Q15 H
.H 2Q24 H YdG d
H a hG``` dG ``` j ah
UQH hG`` ` dG ``` ``e``` dG ``` G
N ```J``eh ``fQ``` G I``a ``N ``` Y
e ``fQ``` e QhO ``` ` e 12 G`` `M `` ` jCG
Hh HdG SCd QhO e 12Q9
.H 7Q1 H VfG

.ce CG fCG IQGh RcQS f


d fCG EG G eCG fCG dG d G dG CGh
GQhCG H GfCG c d G Y dG M f Sd Ie
d c Y bG bGf" dG SH Ke dbh .VG dG
GQhCG H f Lh ."gGdG bdG dG aGfG CG if
Vf bJ Hh SCG ``VG``bG d VG dG
Vj G Y dG f h .bCG H FGT IOYEG K gS
.S VfG Y gGj dP ZQ d UCG dG G

d O``M ```dG ``Y````SCG I``a AfG H i``NCG I```d O`` ``b


fS :SCG edG M dG fSCG dG V eh ."G
.S fHh ,dHH fHh ,fG Hh ,jOSh ,jCG H Hh ,jfCG
MCG H HhQhCG dG VhCG "J" e b hGh
e aJ" UN ,HhQhCG hdG Y d G jOdG jdG
jdG GS b J EG HhQhCG dG H QGVG MG
eRCd Oj G U Yh ."hdG J Y JRH dG
fdG FdG ,G AKdG ,j CG QG e ,``` HhQhCG dG

dG SC G Y dG f kbDe HhQhCG hO HQCG M


dG dG JG dG SCG gh ,dG SDG e gZh
UN ,`` HhQhCG VG ``jCG ``N ``G G```SCG JT dG IO``G
.fdG G dG SCG
Hh djEGh fa e c YSCG I`` G G``g Sh
e dG CG hdG g G GSCG Y aG G dbh .fSCGh
QG e jdG dG Vb dG FdG ae" g dP AGQh
."HhQhCG
dG M Qb fEG db fdG SCG d G dG fch
.ej 15 I G dG SCG G Y
eCdG cTh dG SCG jh Qa KCH fdG QGdG jh
jLG ``j``ch G``L SSh ,```jQ``H ``H G ``H ```H ``dP ``
.Jfh
FT JQKCG e L fdG dG cdG SCG VJh
G VdGh ,fdG eG Gd FG dG N Y
dG ch cCG M dG f FT gh ,fdG d
.fdG OdG jd JbJ FG
dG GSCG HQG j eY j "G Y dG"h
.e cT SCG QSCG g Y JgGe e JCe jS MHQCG
GS hCG SCG dG ``e ```dG GH eG Vj ``e IO``Yh
jh ,``gQ````SCG J eY fhj ``K ,H ``e```jh ,de
G Gh .G Y dG e i``NCG G``fCG gh .MHQCG dH
G YCG bh .GfCG g L j G Y dH edG Y
WdG dGh HhQhCG OG dG GSCG J Y hDG
.a GSCG Y aG HQCG HhQhCG hdG
G EG" :fSCG dG dG f bGe ``Y hD```G ``bh

SCG N bdG dSCGQ e L Qe 25^4 J jG UQdG


Y e ```G 9Q13````H g SGh IdG cdG
ShCG "100 cG.L.G" TDe a a ,f 578 ie
.f 864 ie Y EG d G 8Q87 f bf
G SCG ``N hG```dG b ```LEG CG jdG ``cPh
f hGdG c H M L Qe 2Q5 f d LGJ
LEH fQe dPh Y dCG 132 Y Ie bQh e 452
e 384 H hG``J ch L Qe 2Q9 gQb hG``J b
.SCG SCG N Y BG 107 Y Ie bQh
SGQhCG) S ````eh ``jO````dG ````SCG L ``LG``d ```dh
3Q7 ie e LGJ M ,G 13 H (HdG J
eg ```d``G ``Y````G) S ```g ```c ,````L 3Q22 EG L
L 19Q33 ie e LGd G 8Q5 H H (HdG
.L 17Q69 EG e

ch -IgdG
e ````L Q````e 25Q4 ````H IQ````N ``j````G ```UQ```dG S
jd FG dG H KCdG H bdG dSCGQ
dG ObG TfG CH eG h EG aVEG ,IG
G G S g cPh .dhdGh dG G SCG AGOCH
H g IG cd bdG G SCGQ CG YSCG gjJ
GTDe CGh ,G SCG jf L Qe 355 d G 7
EG jdG bh .YL Wg S jfdGh FdG dG
4592 d G 8Q29 H fG "30 cG.L.G" TDe
SDGh fLCG jG e e H H GKCe f
VfG S ``` dG ``jO``` ` dGh i``` dG ``c````dG ````SCG ```Y
SCG j ``dG "70 cG.L.G" TDe CG ```VCGh .YL

FN J dG hfl
GQhO 1763 EG gdG
RjhQ -IQaS
G ```eCG ``jQ```dG ````dG I````G ``F````N ``g``dG b
jGa e YSCG Se aCG d jW d
CH hG H eBG GPG EG jG afG e 2009
3^5 QdG gdG LGJh .dG dGh hQdG e jO eRCG
CG H ```dhCG dGh SCG G```SCG J e G ``j H
fGh .e jeCG ddG ``f``YEG W fH A``L
Hh .dG L e HS bh G GMGh dG G
QhO 1763^25 ``g``dG S ```H jL ```b```H 0615 ``Y````dG
Sh .HdG ZEG Y H 0^2 e (fhCG) bhCd
gdG gh .bhCd QhO 1747^54 Y G ie fOCG
S dG QhO 1813^79 SdG Ge Y H KG e cCG
YSCG ```JQG J EG j GR``e d HdG G
.2009 jGa e d SCG aCG Gg d H 6^1 H

10

ObG

2011 ZG 13 aGG `g1432 eQ e 13 dG

````````````dhO

eRCG Y d feEG iJ TGh

WGT G Uh HhQhCG jdG e :ae eHhCG


.jT gH
`` ` ` j`` eCG `` ` `` `SCG G`` ` ` ` `SCG `` ` `` `Uh
TdG ZQ G eCG hCG HhQhCGh
.dG IdG
H CG ``e ````H h```````G `````jh
V FN fY hQdG e dG
gh HhQhCG eG jdG eRCG Y f
RQPGH d H QfG gPCG EG j e
.2008 S jeCG QSG
H CG `` ` VG`` dG e :Q`` ` c `` ` bh
jdG ```g ``f````T `` dG G``` ` VG
cG jObG jdG EG Lj IG
.HhQhCG e eOdG
KJ jeCG fGG jRh CG VCGh
FGf `` e ``` ` ` e ``` ` JG ``` Y ``` j``L
.jdG j a HhQhCG

fCG HCG dG ``cCG ,e S h


```HhQhCG SDG CG j GR e
hQdG e ``j``dG ``eRCG Y dG
Ge ,dG dG GSCG Y KCG dG
gH ``` V``dG `` bG`` J ``` ` ` TGh CG EG
.jT
eHhCG GQH jeCG FdG h
fah fCG AYR e VG dG jCG
JQGOEG ah djEGh fjHh fSCGh
c ``` dG ``` ` ` G `` e ``` Kh ``` ` JG ``` Y
jdG G``` SCG ```Y S ``KC` J c
.gObG TfGh IG
dG ```S``H ``` ` G Q`` c ``L ``` HCGh
``e``HhCG e jaG dG HCG
.dG N N dG j CG
f e e IQjR EG jW fObG J b dG J ..OdG
Y IQ``` dG ```j``d `` ` HhQhCG `````SD`G CG d ...``` ` d``H O`` M ``g `` `` cCG `````H G dG JJ j fEG Fb eh
bGe ```UG``f `` dG ```V``dG ``g `````e QhO jJ Q``b N dH ```j``LCG a d .dH IjL jH Od
.QNG fEH j a dG hCG ``` dG G``g dG ``e ``j``

jeCG QdG dG IOjR


fj QhO Qe 53^1 EG
Qe 170^9 EG d QhO
OG`` ` G ``` ` g ``` ` ` H ,QhO
Qe 1^9 b IOQG
.QhO Qe 223^9 EG d
dG ``j``` ` J OGR `` ` bh
J H ```c`````SG
GQ`` ` `` `` `dG `` j`` ` `` `J ``` ` ` f
Y `` ` `W`` ` `` `MG `` ` `gOG`` ` `eh
.VG dG
f ``` ` ` a `` ` `` `J h
b GOQGh GQOdG
.eG
QdG ``` ` dG `` e`` ` Jh
26^7 EG dG e jeCG
25 `` c CG ```H ,QhO Q````e
H ,je T QhO Qe
O`` G `` e ``````dG ``` ` JQG
QhO Q````e ```` `` ` `HhQhCG
.QhO Qe 9^8 EG d
IG `` j`` dG `````Sh
fc fg ``e ``jQ`` Fa
.eh IQaSh dGSGh
QdG ````dG ``` CG`` Hh
.GT 32 N YCG

ch -TGh
`` ` `` `dG I`` ` ` ` `a `` ` ` ` ` ` ` JG
H ``e ``` j``eCG Q````dG
53^1 EG d dG GH
PEG ,fj T QhO Qe
CG SQ GA````MEG ```XCG
e SCG CGH GQOdG g
.GOQG
IQ`` ` `` `dG IQGRh `` ` d`` ` bh
jQdG IdG EG jeCG
Qe 50^8 e ``Y JQG
JQG gh je T QhO
.G bJ cCG
GQOdG dG Ljh
FdG jJ VfG EG
.YdG
GA`` ` `` `MEG `` `g `` `JC` ` Jh
CH ``` ` dG ``e``` J `` ` `Sh
jeh ObG dG
`` j`` dG ``` d``` dG `` j`` dG
.IG
GQOdG ```gh
Qe 4^1 dG Gg

RjhQ -(e) fg
KCH eHhCG GQ``H jeCG FdG bCG
Uh{ fEG Fb ,HhQhCG jO c OH
.zWGT EG
``` e``` dG EG ``K``` ` e `` e`` HhCG `` `bh
ObG CG e jQd e
e Q`` G ce ``e QJ ```j``eCG
HGVGh HhQhC dG YG H
efdGh eG GddGh ShCG dG
.HdG
e G``j``e T G``g ``c{ :``F``b ``` VCGh
S VGh gQKCGh .fOb jdG
.zWgh GOU IOM J ..SCG
IjL ``M```e ````H ``e``HhCG ````Jh
ObG dG Yd SCG H YSCG
SdG Y j fEG bh FXdG Nh

FGO cCG K HdG hdG


H dG H IG jd
QhO Qe 470
ch -jDhdG
jd FGO cCc fdG JG JCJ HdG hdG CG eYEG jQJ c
AGL h``dG g fJ b dG jdG KCdG M EG j e ,dG H IG
.d G fjG
FQ aG cdG Y dG FdG Sj fY Y jQdG fh
OTh ,jeCG QhO Qe 470 f HdG h``dG CG HdG QG O``G
:bh .WG jRJ IQhV cCG d ,GeCG g d JYO Y Y Sj
CG j dG d ,kY d Ggh ,SGQO hH jeCG Obd ae c HdG
.eCd ec SGQO g j
hCG HhQhCG AGS jdG e ce e J eSEG dG CG Sj VhCGh
,2008 hCG eRCG e dG g hN S GQe ,jO J fC jeCG
OY a e %20 f CG gCG e SCG Id HhQhCG KDS jdG CG EG kGe
.dG g KCS jdG OGS J e GPEGh ,jdG Y Nj dG e c
dG FMEG EG kGe ,IdG BH gG eSEG QG dWh
QTCG jd dhdG SDG e ce SGQO d eSEG dG eb
,ShCG dG e dG ie Y dG H dd e YCG CG EG
Qe 50 f G jObG j e ``gh ,%25 EG J dGh ,jaCG Th
.jS QhO
cG fc dG HdG J CG H IG jd FGO cCG dG Jh
SdG eG cdG dP dG hG h .b a hCG
.fjO d jeCG eG JQUCG dG e QhO Qe 585 b GS
308 jO c eH QhO Qe 338 H IG jd FGO dK fjH Jh
.ZCG QhO Qe

2011-2010 fRGe Fa QhO 19^5 jdG


jdG ``HCGO FdG 12G GdG ``Nh
c fc GRY J fRGe Vh Y
IQG QSCG H dPh FGH J Y
bh .fdG gOhM FGO J dGh ,d
Y ``e FGdG ``g ``e jdG L
.QhO Qe 200
jdG ```H ``g````f ``` dG `` ` bQCG `````ch
VG fjh ``j``eh ``j``HG TCG ``Y ``c``G
f 147^3 EG JQG G QSCG Te CG
QSCG Te ```JQG ``M I```dG ``g ``N
.f 176 EG d AGdG
Qh`` `dG ``` U ``` ` S ``` e CG `` ` ` VhCGh
e dG HdG N QjdG He jeCG
Ie UGd a 275^3 H ``G ```dG
dPh ,S ``HQh T SSCG Y ``LG``dG
jeCG Qh``dG U S e H CG H
G dG e hCG HdG Qh``dG He
.a 278^9 f

RjhQ -dOf
LNe fGH dG dG ``jRh b
jdG cdG EG G eCG d
G ``` f``jO ``e hCG ``` a``dG O``` S
.GjEG dG AGH
e M e GjEGh dG EG bh
VG jO jf CGH dG YaG
aO dBG dG WMG H dCG eY
jW Ia e H e c bEG
.jeCG V
AGT ``Y ``j````dG ``` ` G `` jO ``f``ch
b ````dG ``e ```e``j ```e``H `` dCG 400 ```f
IjL dBG d ,QhO GQe N H
AdG e e INCG IdG Vh
.OGdG

fdG ObG
dG HdG GU j
RjhQ -jQH
HdG ````f```dG O`````bG `` ``b``J
eG Y dG OGR e dG
bE ````j```V GA`` `` ` YEG A`` ` `dEGh `` ` `fEG
S ``` fC` H ``H``` ` ` G ``` d``G G`` ` ` SCG
.jdG aG jG
CG fdG GA````MEG e ``bh
e IdG U H LEG G dG
H 0^9 e fQH fj EG jHG
ie aCG ch dG e hCG HdG
.GS N f a
LGJ g dP AGQh SSCG dG ch
H 0^7 H g ``dG SCG SG
UN H e TDe gh hCG HdG Y
SG ```Y ``` S``` SCG `````j O`````bG
.fCG Y Y G
gAGQBG RjhQ SG jObG ch
HdG `````H 0^3 ``` G`` G```b``J ``b
.dG
`` HhQhCG ``c``G ````dG `` CG ```Hh
fSCGh djG GS Yd VG SCG
FTh FT Sh fa ``M dG Q``K
J I`` `bh ```c```H ````U ``Y IO``` ` e
jj CG ````dG ``b``J C``T ``eh .````FG
.GAS VdG
GhH Gfa fdG dG jRh gh
J fEG bh dG fdG gCG e
.dG Gg jb jGH H Le
eG ``j``dG N N CG ``` VCGh
`````H 0^2 i`````e ```Y `` EG ``````J
H 2^5h 2012 H 2^25 h 2011
.2014h 2013 eY SG

GjEG RdG aJ bJ
QfG f cJ EG
HfCG N
RjhQ -IfCG
cdG bdG IQGRh e hDe b
RdG ```a``J EG G ```eCG R``jh``d
QfG H bJ cd G``jG
G UG CGH bh cJ HfG N
.YSCG MUG j CG bG eh
CGH R`` ` `jh`` ` `d hD` ` `` ` `` ` `G `` ` ` `bh
cdG ``` H``fG ``N ```Y ``M``` UG
IO`` `YGh ``M``` UG ````````S .G`` ` `jG
.YSCG e dG
e aVG GRZ J cJ CG HJh
dG dG d ShQh HQPG
VfG dch db dG QfG Y
.LG bG bh fG Afd cdG
Rd OQ`` ` e `` ` cCG `` `K `` g G`` ` ` jGh
IY SJh ShQ H cd dG
Jh .``j````S ````e ``e GQ``` ` e
dJ ``` ``````J R`` ` dG ``` c``J
.AHdG

ch -jdG

2^2G M Y LfEG OGR c ,fRGG bJ


e jd JOM dG ej eH e
.(HhCG) d IQG hdG
ej f eH 2^6 dM jdG Jh
.dG hdG jRh H
dG GjJ H 2011-2010 fRGe h
dG dG dh ,QhO GQe 64^3 edG
.QG bdG e %92 CG QhO Qe 59^5 H

hCG aO OGS J dG
GjEG dG jO e

LEG CG ```j```dG ``c``G ````G c


2011-2010 dG d edG fRGG Fa
,(QhO GQ````e 19^5) Q```jO GQ````e 5^3 H
YCG AL dG dG QSCG H dPh
.be c
dG `` ` `fEG LEG EG ``` ` G `` bh
dG) 2011-2010 ```d``G dG ``N dG
Qe 16^221 f H (SQe/QGPBG 31 fG
GOGjEG H H (QhO GQe 59^5) QjO
79) Q```jO GQ````e 21^5 ```JGP Id dG
dhdG ```d Sb ``bQ ``gh ,(QhO Q````e
.G
GjJ H ```J ``g GOG`` jEG bh
GOGjEG LEG j CG bJ fc dG fRGG
SdG QdG G``g Ojh ,QhO GQe 35^7
H YCG QSCG A``L ``dG ,dG G

Jd cT 3 e QhO Qe 2^85 H Uj bGdG dG


cT `` Y ``j``e ``` ` G ``` S``b ``` d
IQGRd HdG bGdG jdGh JG
CGh ```e ````dG QG``b EG ``b ``` ` JG
Gg ````G ``a``J CG ```j ```dG ``c````dG
j fEG hjeh dhDe bh .dG
dG QGb gLhCG dG TdG dM CG
jdG fLCG jG h jJ b
Tg H G``` dG EG A``` G j
jQ ``````J ``` Zh `` ` `eCG ``` V``dG
Y ```ShG Y ``bh .VGh ffbh
j CG J dG :````JG g
dG ```Y V CG hCG ``N``J CG ```g
jJ EG ODj Q GdG jQSG
jG i``d ````dG ``e ``f J hCG
bh .GdG d j ``j``dGh
MCG EG ``c````dG ``a````S Gg :Q`````e
eG Q``LCG aH Gej CG ``eEG ..``j``eCG
dG `` Jh ``c````dG ``g J CG hCG
GY QJ ...````dG ``e ```Jh Jh
.JG hH

.zec dG dG aO Lh Y
625 ``a``J CG j S ````SBG{ :``` VCGh
803 aJ CG j jR cTh QhO e
.QhO e 768 Qc cTh QhO je
G FGdGh eGdG EG aVEG Gg
.zG UCG Y JGh
g `` eh IQGR`` ` `dG ``e ``dhD` ` ` e ``` d
VQe jGhQ Geb YEGh JG
.dG jdG CH
jJ EG dG Y Qe S bh
EG UJ O`` d ```e ``Z ````dG
:Fb `` ` `VCGh .`` j`` G AGQR`` ` `dG ````
EG UJ GhQUCG (dG AYCG) g
Y d Ggh ...G SH eG
e G`` eCG SH ```J CG ``e```G
gh .JG g Y g Gg cdG
Hh bCG T Y J G``eCG
Y dG g :Fb eh .HQCG
IdG jJ (SS) c g ..dJ
.Y

e -J fGd FL cG- Qc
.T Z edH QhO Qe 2^85
b dG Hd SfG d
VQe G`````J ``Y````eh ``dhD```e
dH ``` oe ````dG jdG ``g CH
eG e bJG ``e``HCG cdG CG EG
.GS N ie Y G ad HdG
dG `` ` NQ ``` ` ` J ``` ` G ``` ` ` jh
GNCe FGah GdG dG cd
.eGZh bCG
QGb Y U ``fCG H dG ``bh
JeGdG aJ C` H ```dG cdG j
EG QhO Qe 2^85 b J dG dG
e ``e``j 30 ````Z ``jO``G ```fG```G
.jdG jQJ
`` `` dG ``` ` Y Q`` `` ` G `` ` `MCG `` ` bh
HS bh cdG{ :bGdG
dG e H eG e JG
eG e G dG UCG e dG
j ``dG d d G``gh 2007 dG

RjhQ -OGH
SQ H ``bG```dG ````dG ``` UhCG
QhO Qe 2^85 H ``eG``Zh NJ
G JdG d cT K e
j bJG j dH ``gh ,T Z
.GS N ie Y G aJ CH d
Y e jG b QGdG jjo bh
Y j ``e C```H ```````dG ``` Vh
YdG ``cCG ``MCG ``gh ````JG ```b
e G````S ``e aj H G`` ``` SCG
.G
GdG ````JG b Y jh
JG gh ```` JG IQGRh ``e ``c
Je ``` ` ` ` e R`` ` `L `` ` `gh- `` ` ` ` YEGh
CH j ``e G```c d -````d``H
H j a I`` NCG dG ``d ``e
.dG
CH UJ Y bGdG dG Uh
S SBG cTh jdG jR cT aJ
cTh (``J```c) b ````JG cT ``a

11

GQY

2011 ZCG 13 aGG `g1432 eQ e 13 dG

zAdG OG fGdG{
VY dU J
dU

GQjEG Y dH j AdG OGe QSCG JQG

G dG eRCG j eM YH S GHCG AH :WGe


GOQM fi -jDhdG

jDhdG - dU
OG`` fGdG ``c``` T G`` `ND` ` e `` e`` b
Danube Building) A`` `` ` ` ` dG
````````G ``c````dG -(Materials
AdG OGeh FfEG YCG b
VY dU hCG aH -LG Gh
.dU je AdG OG d
`` ` S G`` ` ` ` `Y `` ` `` `` `dG `` `` ` e O`` ` ` `bh
YUh IQ`` ``a``Z ``a ````FQ ,``SGh``dG
dG e ````aG ```SG``e ,``d````H ```Y
YCd YCG ``` ` H ```````G
KdGh OG dG e gh (B2B)
c .Y d ddGh G cd
SDe ,LS GhRQ e c SGG M
AdG OG`` fGdG IQGOEG FQh
OYh cd G dG ,LS fCGh
k a ,cdG je ,LS
Qc e Y
fGdG A``c```T ``Y `````Gh ``dhD```G
QWEG ````aG G``g ``JC` jh .AdG OG``
S ``g``LG``J jd cdG ``
VdG ``` U ``e ``j``G ``` ` aGh ``` Y
fL EG ,``dh``dG ``YO`````G ``aG``eh
UdG kdM JOLG VdG dU
EG kjCG cdG Jh .e fdG
kYO ,fdG WGG e jG XJ
e ``j``G ``a``J ``e```G IQO``` ````e
.G d dG Ua
Y dH f :SGhdG bh
VdG ``d```U MaG S ``fG``dG
GQJ kdM f fEG .dU IjG
jdG ```e ````a `` ,``` ` dG ``X````e
cDjh .``` ` ` S``dG ``Vh``` dGh O``` ` dG ``e
AdG OG`` fGdG cT O``Lh d
cCdH ``fCG O`````bG dG G``g b
AdG ``` ` S``` SCG ``` ` aCG G``` ` ` SG `````S
g SG IYd IO``G ddG
.jQG
b I``j``G ``V```dG ``d```U `````Jh
h ``d```U ```j``e ```b ````JG```SEG
AL ```ch .``H``e ``b ``dCG 12 Me Y
:fGdG cT dhDG d Y
d cdG UM aG G``g j
jQ `` ` G `` a`` ` `dG ``` ` ` FQ QhO
dG YCGh S M ,Y AdG
``````F``dG ``NG``G ``j````d `````N ``Y
bdG Q``` eh ,``b``dG A````e ````e ,``dh``dG
Jh .I`` `G ``d```U `````eh ,h`` ` dG
```c H Sd fGdG IQO``` e
Y IjL VY dU 15 aG G
aM ``bh ,G``g eOdG dG i``e
11 I dhdG jdG fe Y cdG
Y dG e jG aVEG Jh ,k`e``Y
J kGf ,kjM G VY dU
.fdG dH SGdG aeh
SDe ,``L``` S GhRQ ``b ,```f``L ``e
,AdG OG fGdG IQGOEG FQh
j Se bh aG Gg JCj
QX dhdG dGh AdG b a
30 ``e ``cC` H b Q```J i``c ``jQ````e
N ``gA````fEG ```e ```j``eCG QhO Q````e
eJ K Y fh .eOdG dG TCG
G IjG VdG dU aG CG
kFQ kGQhO S YCd YCG H
jQG g jhJ N e QdG Gg
.iG dGh IOG ddG AdG OG
U V dU jG Ya JCjh
```M````aG ``` G ````Y `````G ``V```dG
JGSEG ``` c`` ``e A``` c `````G
dch ````dG ``` dG ``f``LG``J ``j````d
eG FY I``Y``b ``L````MG d
e jG XJ EG f c .g YH
eGdG eG IQO e kYO ,WGG
d dG ``U``a ``e ``j``G ``a``J EG
.fdG

ObdG f

GY gW

QhG G

H Q````J ``` F``` ` MEGh AG``` ` dGh ````dG


EG Q``` TCGh .Q``` ` dG Q``` ` SCG d ``Y````SCG
,G`` ` `WCG `` c ``````e ``` ` j `` dP CG
IG ``g J ```G ``g ``e fh
KCJh gCG e d gJ GSEGh
G S Ga ,QdG b Y HjEG
IYb AH e QdG d
edGh jG Y J fH
,aTh VH Wf SQ e QdG
G``` TD` e A``` H ``e S ``` fCG ```c
G dG QNh NGO e jQdG
QdG ````d ``eR``dG ``e``` ` G ``c ```Y
bGSCG aT OjG e GPEG OQCGh
c ``e ``jQ````dG jG S
dG dG g gh ,iNCG hOh G hO
.jM gfcP dGh gOH f
EG Qh`` ` `` `G ``` U``f `` H ``` ` ` ` G `` `bh
UN ````dG `` G `````dG e ``M
AH `````j ``d``` Uh Q``` Uh `````e
Jh ,Q``` jE` d hCG d S G`` `HCG
SEG IQGRh Y ````Jh ,``dh```d ```e
Se QSCH gaJ jh ,jdG hCG
.QjEG hCG dG dM
M j G Gg CG QhG ijh
Ve ,Ff MOG G dG eRCG
S LH 30 AH eG eb d fG
c HW 40 ``e ``H ``c jh e
QjEd hCG d VJh T 4 ``H``W
Y j MGdG da ,Se QSCH
J CG ``e aCG G``gh ,S I``Mh 160
.VQCG b WGG eG

``g```S ``LC````Gh ``d``G ``H ``W```S``d``H


.c H QSCG JQG
b ```Y j ``fCG EG G```Y Q``` TCGh
M GQ`` ` `jEG Q``` ` SCG `` J `` Y Q``` ` dG
J ``` dBG O``` jEG G``cD` e ,``V``` dGh ````dG
Gg QSGh AGdGh dG edG
J ``````G ``` G ```d```e ,``` ` dG
eG ``` ` L A``` ` M ``c``` ` e ```
Y c UQh ,QdG CdH UG

adG e RS jN Lh UN
QhO ``s ``o ``S ```c ``` WG``G ``H ``Y````LG
.YLG UG SDG
JQG SfG CG GY gW VhCGh
dGh ,dG GQjEG QSCG Y AdG OGe
2008 Y dG QSCG JQG M ,L H
H QSCG J h dG ``eRCG H
bh .``c``j H Q``` H EG ``` dG ``dP
fLCG `````G ````H ``N``J EG G``` Y

YdG MCG

,JSCG QGSG d e AH G
eG CG ``` VCGh .QG`````SG d ``eD`jh
WGG ``e dG i``d M j ```e
QGSG CG EG Ge , GhOGQCG d
IO`` `jRh ``` ` ` SGh `` j`` G Q``` ` SCG `` ` `JQG
S eGY Qd iOCG edG dG ``LCG
dTH ````J``G ```a```VEG ``FG``Y S
b CG ``Y````dG i`` jh .`````dGh A````dG
Yb fH AdG OG``e YH eG

dhDG ``` G ``` b ``` WG``e `` bG


dN e j S G``HCG AH dH
QSCH ``g``LC`J hCG dG G``M``dG ```H
QSCG ``````J ```````S `` ,````S```e
.c H dG GQjEG
OGe QSCG Yd NdG IQhH GdWh
fQe G G``` SCG SSCG AdG
a H CG jcDe ,VG dG QSCH
FG G AH HU S G
AH j CG ``e b ``Y Gh`` Yh ,```d
.dG WGd M O G
J CG eCf fEG{ :ObdG f bh
YJQG T dG AdG OGe YH eG
QYCGh dG cM Y ``Ks CG Xe
OS JQG Gg CG EG Ge ,c H
CG ``` VCGh .z```c H ``WG``G Y ``KCG
Y dH J AdG OG``e QSCG JQG
j b e dG GMdG GQjEG QSCG
dW QWEG Gg h .dG GQjEG QSCG
SdG ``` G ``N``J IQh````H O``b``dG
QGS A``` ` dG OG`` ``e```M ``YO QG`` `bE
.dG QdG QSCG
SCG `` ` gCG CG EG O`` `b`` `dG Q`` `` ` TCGh
g ``j``G Q``` ` SCG `` ` JQG AGQh ``` J ``` dG
FGdG IO``jRh ``G dG QSCG ```JQG
IH `` ``j``G CG ````V``e ,``` LQ``G
c h ,G EG ``d```Uh M ``MG``e
e G``` f `` cCG ``` ` S ``` J``j ``` M``e
e `` g`` Zh `` eC` `` `dGh Q`` `` ` Gh ``` ` dG
Y `````e ``d``` e ``a``` VEG ``` jh `` e`` G
YEG CG O``b``dG ``H``Jh .```S```SCG dG
``j``G ``j``c ``` fEG A`` H ```````dG
A e C` ` ` fCG ``` dG ``a ``c````H
IjL Me NO b dH J QU
jG ``j`` J ``j``G YU
S dG AG Y jM c EG G
jGG dG d Qfih jRd cc
ShCG dG jG N e Y
.dGh jaCG Th
J AdG OGe EG YdG MCG bh
f NCJ dGh RG d G edG
dG A```KCG dG G ``e Ic
de FY d j dG eCG WGG e
MW ```` `` Hh ````H ``` j G``L``Mh

``He ``e ``dCG 158 `W ``bJ z`Y f``Jc{


Q``G ``dG ``jf I``NdG ``G `MG e
jDhdG -e

hH a
SG `` ` `H Q`` ` `jE` `d `` f`` e ``` ` ` JG``` SG
JCjh .IL TEG e Y Gh jLCG
QjEG G``a ```J JGSG ``g V ``e
cDf ,OdG Gg h .QjEG OY fhGh f
dY ```aG``MG IQGOEG ````gCG Y fJc
aQh jLCG SG gQhOh GQd IOG
. TEG je

fdGh hCG dG Je GQ``` jEG ```dG


GTDG Jh .%33 EG %12^5 H e G f
YCG b ad je Z jLCG dZ CH
IO``L ```YCGh aCG Je EG fd Q```jE`d
.JGP G
S ,G``` TD` G ``g A```V :h`` H ``` VCGh
H IQO`` ` ` ` `G I`` `N`` `` ` dG GQ`` `` ` ` ` dG `` ` `d`` e `` ` `Y

,dG WT GRH Hh ,dG e GhdG


``J h ,G``Z e GR``H GH OSh
f jQG g L J CG bG eh .TH
jf H INdG JG e He e ``dCG 158
.QG dG
e GQ```jEG b LGJ QGSG jdG bJh
hGjh .dG IjG GMdG g W bJ

ic i``MEG ,(Cluttons) fJc c


jQdG GQ``````SG ```b G ``c````dG
ShCG dG e d b LGJ dGh
G ``g``jQ```J `` MCG Ff ``Y ,1976 ```dG e
e hCG dG N Y S JG H
.2011 dG
G MG aM a ,jdG Hh
kf Ie W ```e Y e UdG
j ,``dP ``e ``Z``dG Yh .VG TCG ``N
RhJ dG IdG JH dG G``g dZ
``fh``G ``e``Y ````jh .``H``e ``e 500 ````M````e
dG JG Y dG IO``jR kGRQ``H kGQhO dG
jLCG LMG e Ad J IOYEG
.IdG YCG cT e
fJc ``c``` T ``j``e ,h`` ` H `````a `` `bh
V kdM e JG e QJ :dG
e Oh``fi O``Y O``Lh ``e ,```d```dGh fdG dG
VdG Gg J bf ,dP eh .hCG dG Je
jQG e c OY SG b e c f Y
.jdG G N G
MW S dG G jQG H e JCjh
e ``e ``c Q`` `G ``` dG `` N ``` ` dG k` ` j``b

````e G````SCG ```a ````jG Q`````SCG QG`````SG


GH ```c```T 305 ``d i`````e `` `fOCGh
QSCG dG j H ,Q````fCGh
Th .``c````dG ``b``H ``c``dG ``j``G
Ge ```Y GQG`````SG ``JGQ``eEG ``j``G
H M dj 1 jQH Gh ,HdG
cT J h 305 ``d S ``` YCG
d ie fOCG J H ,GH
H ,``jQ 300 H M QfCG cT
JGQeEG jG S dG j
.ShCG dG cT
Y dG jG QSCG SG c
fY jQ 305 e HdG gGe
AdG OGe h Yh GH cT
H ,G```dG Y ``HG``dG SCd ``dPh
````dG ``j``G S G Vj
.ShCG dGh QfCG cT

dG Y -jDhdG
jM I``FGO ``J``LCG e ``MCG ```VhCG
QSC YdGh IQdG IQGR``H G
jQH ,e afi G```SC`H ``j``G
jG QSCG QGSG Q``G ZCG 8
S Y ShCG dG cT dG
`````G `````dG ````f ``gh ,`` `jQ 305
````S `````SG ```c ,Q`` G ``````ZCG 1
AdG OG``e h``` Yh GH cT
jQ 305 ``gh HS G dG Y
.fY
cdG `` j`` G Q`` ` ` SCG ``` ` ` SG ``` c
jQH Gh HdG Jje Y
ie ``` YCG ```H PEG Q`` G ``````ZCG 1
Q`` ` `` `fCG ``c``` T ``` f``` Y `` ` jQ 307

jQJ

2011 ZG 13 aGG `g 1432 eQ e 13 dG

12

z2-1{ jH d jGfh e jQJ ..ah jOeh RQH fBG OQfS

FG dG ch b dG ObG
jdG aJh dG OQGGh- GOLGh GOGjEGh HdG Y j FG d G dG
.L C fFG IdG J gOYG G GSCGh QG Y dG IMdG UH KdG cdG jeCG YG Y ,1975 dG
SdG Y dGh jG e IYGe QT aJ dG ch
HfG fMCGh FGdGh VhdG Y dG SD c KCJ
dG dN -jDhdG
GPEG :e ja SeJ b jY e cCG b
dhO CG eJ CG J IG jdG fc
Ea ,VQCH jJh HdH b N e
(FG dG SDe iMEG) zjOe{
J N e dhO CG eJ CG J
.JGS J
bhQCG JT dG OG G QKCG d
S aQ M Gk NDe jeCG SdG
FG dG Nh ,jdGh jdG
ie M DhJ jeCG IG jd
dG gCGh ,g dG SDe Ib
. dG
CGf ,FG dG SD VdG bh
IjT WHh ,gCGh dG jH
ie jd Se :fCH ObG AGN aj
JeGdH AadG Y VG G IQb
W iNCG hCG VG LGe
AadG (dG Qe) VG OGS Y
Vd ( FGa h VdG b ) JeGdH
(dG eM)

cDj Y jJ jOe dch YCG G``bG G``g


,ac Z G``J jdG ``G ```UEG eGH CG
jjdG GdG QSCG fG jdG Gd fh
fhdG S NCGh ,f 100 SCGh f 30 GfBG
.VfH jdG
OQh `` ``` j ``b ``bG``dG G``` d ````U``J ``` ` aCG EG
J ``e `` jCG i``MCG ````J Q``j```f U
."dG jj jOe LQ" :dH
(GeCG `` ShDhQ) eSdG cM jM JH d
kYJG ``cCGh d dH SM IQHh ec
Z IQ``b GP I``g``X ```fEG ,``e``Gh d dH
LfEG ObG fG e ZdG Yh . IO``
eh ~ GQfG H h``Mh dG G```SCG Y
QG j Y dG jGH fjd M e
jdG ``` ` G ``` L `` `dG ``SQ``` S Q`` `L `` `G
UCG a , a ej N b e %12j
eR QdG YdG UCGh G bGJ hdG
J jcG QG L Y hQOb gh ,IQOG
PEG jdG c Ga FW d pbGe EG
.NRh jdG GQdG H QJ eCG fEG
dM ``eCG UCG eSdG ````fG ``j``M Hh
ne g j M ,ge dS GP fe
k a j
Y dG Y QOb f GNG feEH
,SCG hCG dG Y HQe fc AGS HQG
.dG hCG
dG bGe
W cDJ 2008 dG dG ``eRCG hM CG c
g J dG dG bGe ie dTEG
a ? edG dG Y SfG ieh cdG
`` c`` dG `````H `````j ````a ``Mh``` e Dh``` ` ` dG
Jh ``VG``bEG IQG``L Oq` dG dhdG SDGh
UQdG ```Y a `` ```d``G G``` SCG J ```Y
.dG
AL ``g jG j ```SQ`` CG ```VG``dG ``eh
YdG e QJ gh G dG f e gL
Yh .a SS S jH jObG
SDG J H J dG dG gCG e ZdG
dG ``fG``L ``e fL ``gCG J ```dGh ,``c``dGh
.jhdGh
Y cdG g q ge Y DhdG j CG dh
:bdG Lh
eY S SQh d YqJ e g g
eY dh edH UN d fCG M ,eM
?edH
?dG dG dG e AL g g
CG TdG dG ee e A``L hCG IGOCG g g
?dG
g IQ`` ` YEG ```j ``fC` H ```g O``` ` YG ```d ```j `` gh
e cCG fG ` dG g hCG ` cdGh SDG
FGH g ``gh ?MdGh jObG b
HLEG ..SDG g b e aEd MW
.fdG G

ObG hdG Vd TDe H J dG


cdG J ch Lj dc ,jdG baBGh
cdG ``c``dG ``g J PEG f WdG ``Y
cdG ``bGh Y kGKCJ j jG ac Y
SDe ``c````dG ``g ``gCG ``eh .``` G
dG dgh .RQ``H fG OQfS FG dG
Jh J H J dGh cdG J e
hCG ``` e``G c ``Y````dG ``e ````dG IQ``` d
.dG.... QG
cdG `````S ..I`` j`` G ``````dG ```J ``g ```a
J jCG eh ? cdGh QSG d dG
J Q````YG ``` eE``H ``gh ?JS `````SD `G ```J
?WdG ``Y ``c````dG `` qJ Ik GOCG `````SD`G
.?UN CG ``e``Y `````SD`e ``g ``g W ``g ``eh
SDG ```J ```S````S ``H ``b```dG W ``g ``eh
g SS W g gh ?edG SdGh
?SdG
dG gCG a ,HdG DhdG Y HLEd
:jhGR e cdG J EG
Y SDGh ``c``dG J f KCJ :hCG
.edG SdG
GhOCc SDG g Y cdG jhGR e :fdG
.bGeh J
Y kG``KC` J J ``N ``e `````SD`G ```d EG
HfG KDJ CG d c ,FGdGh VhdG
QhdG b fG eYh G```c a ,eG
G`` fBG ````dG AGQR`` `dG ````FQ h`` M1995`` Y ````dG
GeCG ShDhQ hd dG Jean Chretion
,fEG kJ J IjL fRGe N e
YCG ````dG ``fRG``G ```J be ```J CG ```bh
c
m Z ``fRG``G dG Q``b CG jOe SDe
Gd J N MG SQJ SDG CGh
JG EG ``j````dG ```VQ```G ````FQ ``aO `` ,``j````dG
Y kGOYG Ta de SS fH AGQR``dG FQ
.dcdG jJ
,QG G``g fY dG h``dG J e jdGh
,G g LGe jjdG eG dhM dh
,JG NdG Y FGdG J Y Yh
GeCG ShDhQh fG e dG hN e ZdG Y
dG JQGh dhdG GOGjEG H J Qd
FQ ``bG ``bh ,```Y````LG ``````dG Jh
G AKCG SH GQL HdG jdG AGQR``dG
Y WdG Y j ``e IO``jR G``fBG HfG
e ILh Ia Hh .HdG c c VGh dG

HCH ```J ``` dGh (Investors Service


UN SDe Jh dG dGh jObG
Jh .fFGh dG IdG M e eMh
IQdG J S e %40 Qj e Y jOe SDe
.dG fFG
e j 99 ``bQ Q````dG h Q``j```f je a
gh "Moodys Investor Service"jOe
jh ,G GSCG kGKCJ bdG SDG cCG e
HGH ``` YCG ```Yh ,``` 300 ``j```e ``JGh``Hh ```j``d
IG Y g VdG " :J a g dcdG
IhK IOjR cQa ,G IQdG f EG dH
c dG gdG Le cQe ba CG
." Ie dCG e cCH
,de fc e FGd Rj dcdG J h
VhGh HG M ,edG Je EG NdG
g ``` Jh .`````dG ``Y``` ` LG ``` U `` NGO ```J
dG Fd kah Jh CG H dcdG
.ASG hO dG hO L
Ge jdh a SDe a ddG SDG eCG
.d NBGh Qjf gMCG FQ
SS QhO
WV jCG EG gCG J cdG g CG j
CT h ,jG e a YGJ fEG ,eM
.SdH d
cdG d G FdG a g dh
?SS HW CG Y
eG Y dG N e J cda
eG GS AGT Y bdG SS KCdGh
J J AG`` L h`` dG ```J G``` SCG Q``````SG hCG
WdG ``Y ``c``dG ``g QhO ``Y ```g``f .``c``dG
cdGh h``dG h J b kG``L ``KD`G
.ObGh G dG Y
k ``e ``c``dG ``g ``eh
IFGdG Brand cT
ASCG ``j````d ````JG```SG ``````dG ``
eY gQYG Y h``dG J eh ,``jQ````dG
kY G SDG g cdG ``gh jQ
kYha h ,jQdG ed GQSG
Shh ,dG AfCG je 20 e ``cCG
dG J G jQdG d Wf
SS ``KC` J ```d ``c````dG `` gh .``` dG Q``` ` dG
QJ dG dGh ```SGQ``dG f ObGh
.hdG J Vd TDe H Jh Y
d hCG LdG SSCG Y hdG J a
gh .``jQ`` ``e``Y ``gQ````YG ```Y k` ` ` jCG Jh

cdG g e KG hCG cT e FG J
SD TCG dG cdG ``g d dG
.dG M fFG d I
hG ``c VG dG e dG bh
cd G aH ej e g (GdG he)
G ``jQ``` ` dG ``` Y ```d````M ``H``` e ```````dG
dG dG ce QfG CG EG dH
GjJ CG dPh ,cdG g FGY VfG EG OCG
Y jRJh GG e f DhGT j GMGh
,e d UN jJ AGH dG e H ZGdG
Y P H dG ``ch d dP iOCGh
fCG GdG Qe e gLCG Y H
.HS Y G c c jG e dh
SDe K
K ``e I``MG``c RQ``H ``fG OQ``f````S SDe ``JC`J
eN cT gh FG dG SDe
cd ``a ``gh ,IG ``j``dG geh de
Y dG dGh dG J dG g he
S JGTD GL aheh .GdGh SCG
200 S&P/ASXh jeCG 500 H h SEG UQdG
S&P/MIBh jdG S&P/TSXh dGSCG
.S&P CNX Nifty jdGh djEG
g QGUEG e 1860 S EG cdG jQJ Ojh
GdGh jjG dG jQJ" Y Hc QH Q"
``dh`` dG G``g ``ch ."IG ``j``dG
cd dGh ``G VdG ``Y ec ee
g C```fCG ``bh .I````G ``j``dG ``j``G dG
H.V. and ``c``` T `` `g `` ` `dh ``` HG `` e Q`` ` "
S j QG```UEG fh ,.H.W. Poor Co
.dG Gd
Standard ``` ` H `` K`` d ``` ` SCG 1906 h
SdG AMEG e Statistics Bureau
f Q``N cT ``Y dG eG aJ H
Qc "7 x "5 bH a SGh ,jG S
QH j ,dG dG f e H FMEG
cT e c fG bh .JGdG Ic j
fBG OQ``f````S ``c```T ``f```e JS OQ``f````Sh Q``H
PSG 1966 S h .1941 S dP ``ch RQ``H
J BG ``gh Y ```g h````e ``c```T ``Y```
.dG eG b
fFG dG J dG fdG SDG
(Moody's Corporation) jOe SDe g
,1909 ``Y O``e ``L SCG ,Hb cT ``gh
Moody's) jd ``jO``e ``e``N ``` h

hCG cdG hCG eG e J GP :GDdGh


? FG J Y d jdG G
dG jdG Y G d j M dPh
dPh ,LQG hCG G GSCG N e jJ
( OGaCG hCG Be ) dG G e c OY
hCG VdG dW d FG dG ae
QN j VG Yj dc .dG IQe
ie G jh eY e dG AGT
ICG QeCG J dah JOLh ICG IQGOEG
.
b e dG Y H J dG dBG Y eCG
fL EG a ,GL Ie Y a ,dG Ach
Yh dG eM j dG IWG LQO j
J GdH AadG Y dG IQe ICG IQ``b
g Mf e jh ICd G VdG H
Wh H J dG jObG dGh d jdG
.aG
FG dH dG Y G dG jh
- GO``L``G- GOG`` `jEGh HdG :``g ``eG``Y 4 Y
VhdG h ``G ``SCGQ ) jdG aJh dG OQG``G
G SCGQ SG- (gZh dG
:dG dG Y FG dG R``eQ JCJh
bCGh IO``L G`````dG ``` YCG IO`` G ie ``` YCG
b IW Y IOL ie - AAA IW
adG Y dY IQe - AA+ / AA /AA (GL
ad ac IQ```e - -A+ / A / A b W
- -BBB+ / BBB /BBB(IOG ``` S``` e)
bCG) dP e cCJ Y OLh e jdH AadG MG
W - -BB+ / BB /BB IO``G Se ``e
B+ / B / dY IW jdG hCG dG OGS ``Y
GL dY IW OGdG d Y MG - -B
IWG LQO YCG -CCC+ / CCC /CCC
.D IWG b - CC GdG Yh
Re Z J d dG cT Cf d
HHh ,JGQSH dG ``LCG ``e jd
eN He cdG d G``eCG hG j
.H eb dG dG
cdG jeCG YG Y ,1975 dG
ah ``jO``eh RQ`` H `` fBG OQ``f``` ` S i``` dG ``K``` dG
G G`` ` `SCGh Q``` ` G ``` Y ``` dG I``` M``dG `````U``H
.L C fFG IdG J gOYG
Y "jOe"h "RQH fBG OQfS" e c Jh
dG M jdG GQGUEG e % 80 e cCG J
eGh jdG hCG ``e```G hCG cd AG```S
fQe ,f S ``bCG "a" J a G
Y J ```dG ``c````dGh ``j``NCG cdH
``j``dG GQG``` UEG ```S ``e % 95h 90 ``H hG``j ``e
.dG
JQUCG QG``b EG ```dG ``c````dG IS O```Jh
g Q````Y``H 1975 ````j``eCG ```d``G GQhCG g
e Gc EG M ,b e Ie cc cdG
GS EG J eCdG cTh dG SDG
jQG b e jW SCG Ea ,Y J GP
Y Gj CG g fFG JQGL KE Gd

13

dG

2011 ZCG 13 aGG `g1432 eQ e 13 dG

``````````````

j fdG
jSd c
Qe QGZ Y
RjhQ fJ
FdG ```c``fi ``H``` dG ``` dG ``H``J ````a
VG ``` ` SCG Q``` e M ``H````dG ````G
OY Kd OH Ob dG YdG jDhd ge
fJ ``L``aCG fi ``Y``b dG AGQh
.hG HdG dG jRh Y Ahg
AfCG ``e J fJ H Y G`` aEG A``L
dG IRQH T gh HdG IS QGa
EG OdH Gh cG dG fdG
.cfi J CG hO jQH
FdH MWEG Y TCG S Qhe Hh
IQGdG fc dGh ,Y H jHdG jR HdG
dG z``H``` dG ``` H``dG{ ``L``` ` MG ``` a ``` dG
QfH fdG G``j ``H```dG ```dG ``g
L ```HGh Q```e e ``M h .```dG ``e``bEG
eJG GLGd je fi ``eCG AYh
G e HGdG d ```LhRh Y H j
.jOdH
`````d``H ```H```Z ``` MCG Y Q``` Uh
23 H Sd G fdG ZCG
G O`````dGh ,```S`````dG ````dG ``e ``e``Y
ILCG IQS FS ``gh eS ``bh .HGh
dG e .ZQa d HZ Y H cfi
ReQ cfi ``bCG Y Y d BG ``JO``YEG
Y Q```e cfi ```VCGh z.G OdG
d .``` j `` fC ```H Q``` e ```M .``` H
SQ J ```g dh z.```Y ``H e fL
J b d HdG ``jR``dG Y G``aE`d
,Y H LhR e He HdG fch .SQ
.FdG fH V fch
dj fdG e Gc CG aU dh
QGUEG ``e ``jCG b fJ ``e ``a HdG CG
QOe Jh .dG e GeCG YOG
dG cGJ H QGdG LCJ ``fCG Fb
fCG SGh f Y j fdG d
.Hd eG jJ
Y `` H A``` ` M CG ``` S``` Sh ``` ` fi `` ` jh
jh ,dG ``bG``e ``dG``j HdG
jMh ```F``b```UCG P``` fE ````dG```dG AGQh ``e
dG M dG SG jJh ,e
fc ``j```j 14 O``` dG ``e ````F``dG ``a ```e
.M V HSCG SG LMG H dG
T `````U `` gh ``HGQ``` ` dG `````S ``` jh
WG e IQdG QfG YS heh Tfh
hCG fc jO UdG fJ EG G
fdG IQ```dG G```YO ``e ``H BG G````dG CG
jM hjj jdG HdG dG L Hh
.HdG jObGh SdG e
cQCG E`a cG g CG Fb OSGh
b A``` SQEG e ``WG`````dG d ````S```SCG
Ie dM GJ dGh dGdGh SG
.dGh dG e
Y fJ fi a cM dG dG h
H QbCG e 23h SFdG eCG je WjdG
G QT G HGdGh Y
SCG dG Ggd Gce c dG bQH
.HdG FdG
H QG Q``bCG Y dG A```dEG h
Ggh GeCG eh ,QGdH j Gfc
.Y H a a dG dG
cG ``Y ```V``d``H `````f```dG j h
HfG EG ``` ` fGh `````G ``Y G`` ` aEGh
Y Kjh ,hCG jJ HcCG 23
.Y H f a zbS{ IQdG CG
W ``gh (``e``Y 39) Q``` dG ````f ``` j
M fdG WdG G QO Y j c
ahG ed GS TM Y
Y ``c````e ```Y G``` TD` e ``g .G````f``H
IOG JQK bj e Lj ...AdG
z.OGaCc cH fGS
A`````dG ``` Vh ```Y ````f f `` ` `VCGh
g SM eCG gh ,e Ab jf .fOH
z.e Ad MG
je IY L ``e fJ fe ``ch
Q`` ` ` S`` dG ``` ` ` dG `` ` M A`` ` `` `YCG ``` ` ` f
.dN e j Y H c dG WGdG
DhYCG jh .IQ```dG b e ``G M h
.Gj d JGAfG CH BG dG
eGh I`````dG ````j ``dG``` dG ````b
.YdG H Ahg fdG

SCG QHh e `d FK U

GdG Gd dUh b jQS SCG S QOJ dG VQG


Gd ``j``jD`G O```G d ```j``dG S A``` MCG
M ,jG e HdG AGLCG Y hj GdGRe
.dG G LJ
bdG AG EG HG Ofi Se G bh
.VQG IS BG UCGh Q jG e
e Y jCG GdSG VQG Je CG VCGh
jQL GJ e cTG CG ZQ jdG e G EG
.jG Z GdG OL V
H Y dG a QGO dG dG A```MCG Jh
.dG CaGh AG e dG EG Gec 15 f
VQG IS e cCdG RjhQ SG j h
Y `` YEG ```Y ```VQ```G G`` b `` HCGOh .```j``dG ```Y
GdG G``b CG ``dP H d G```H Y IdG
.d J
I``c``` ` G ``` VQ``` G G`` b ``` MR `````d `` Z h
dG MS e dH jhGdG IH f T G
NJ f EG Ud dhfi G j SG
fGh .SCG ee f HGW UdG
.ihL hO dG Gg Je GdG V jhGdG
J UCG T H e EG VQG UHh
ae Y J IH gh jhGdG Y Gec 25 GM
e ````HG``W ``e ``` dG EG G``e````c 50 ``Y ```J
c dGh fJ EG ODG jdG jdG Y GdG
.d IG jT H

ch RjhQ - RH
dG CG d P```fE WdG G ````YCG
SCH fi jQS S jEG RH
e dG Gd d HGW EG e fc
U dG ```dG JGb UGh H ,G``` dG
e HGW UdG f d e ``jhG``dG
.GdG e dG YdG
a Uh dG CG jeCG GS jOGQ cPh
.VGYG H RH Ae EG eCG
Y hD` ` ` G ``` a `` ` YCG `` `dG `` b`` dG G`` g `` JC` j
(JdG) WCG T M jdG dG
J GdG e Fc CG QTH QT dG d
ej QG```dG CG Ge ``L g T Y IQO``b
.ac G Y
EG G dG ```VQ```G ``d``b ,`` NCG ``f``L ```Y
jdG je e AL Y G GdSG Je
U dG ```dG JGb h`` H ,dG
e HGW UdG f d e ``jhG``dG
VGQCG ``e I```c AG`` `LCG ```Y ```VQ```G `````Sh
jG G ``ZQ dH G```dG jh .G```dG
.GdG e dG YdG
EG `````Jh I````H f ```Y e d dG j e e WCG T M GFW J dG GdSG Je EG G dG VQG db
G ``j ````dG M ```dG ```S```Gh I``G IOG ``jO`````bG ``H````dG `` ZQh ````TCG N ``e H ,dG jdG je e AL Y G j
.HSCG IY SG GOL J MWEd J dG VQG Gb e I M ZQh e jhGdG U dG dG JGb h
Y GhS JG EG VQG SH e bh
.eY 41 e G H e dG YdG e HGW UdG f d

NGdG eCG ibh G e 406h fe b 1727 S

``jQS ``a I``jL ``L``MG ```L ..z EG ```cf ``d{


G dG dG O``G ``bh
bCG Y T 13 EG ,``jQ````dG IQ````d
,M je hNBG HQCG UCGh Gb
.OdG Sh
CG O````d h`` ` `dEG ``b``G `` cP ```c
M e i``NCG We GS jV
T Qh`` ` dG `` `jOh ``` bP``dG ``` ` j``e h
EG jQdG dG Jh .jQS bT
cQG G YG J M
QdG UG bh .LCG IeGDe
G`` MCG CG ,``` d ``` eh ``` ` fEG ```
SQe e ```e ``jQ```S gJ ```dG
fe b 1727 S Y SCG VG
e NGdG eCG ibh G e 406h
SCG MH dG LMG ``fG
.VG SQe e dG Y
jQdG g e dG j fCG Z
dG C G``` f , ``````e Q````e ``e
YEG FSh e jQdG
NO e dhdG fEG M YLh
.OdG

jDhdG - ch- UGY


G`` ` ` ` ` ` e `` ` `jQ`` ` `` ` ` S QG`` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `T `` ` ` ` `Y
T `` ` `` `a ,`` ` `` ` ` eCG `` ` `` `` `V `` ` `L`` ` `` `MG
e O`` ` `Y `` ` `Y `` ` ` ` `eGO `` ` `` `g `` ` `` `G
cf d .FdG HGVG We
AdG Q```NG ``dG G````dG ``g EG
TCG CG ```Y ```cC```d eCG ```JG````
gG G``g``` G ``e ````V``G `````G
adG H fc SCG QH FdG d
.jMh jQS eGc Y
WGdG EG YGdG hgG c
T jGH ```e ```L````MG ```JG````e
M ZQ ,Q``G ZCG e eQ
Gbh G j ```dG MdG dG
CG OT ``Y `` YEG FSh fh .`` eCG
eCG G``b j Y M d T
cdG Oh`` ` G `` b ,`` ` `dOEG ``jQ``` ` dG
M Gd fe 24 G``M c .```eCG
G Q````dG G T g
Af H ,jQdG G e jdG

z``e ``M ``a{ ``d`MG ```a Q```J H``Mh ``cM 30


dMG J kaGQ ,dMG cQd G
S H ..MCG V eh fe d{ :bh ,fH
QJ fCG EG kGe ,za Gah kGQSh kGQaEG ..eCG
bah H I``Y fdG a Q````J a G```a J
.YL QH dG j CG Y ,edG Sj dG
SH ahG ,jHCG 6 cM e G G YCGh
dMG ``e HfG zWGdG G ``j``HCG 6{
G Qb fL e .fG idG H e cQGh
M L{ dMG cQe J d WdG
eCG UdG aE G eQ T H e EG ze
QdG EG ``eCG IO``YEGh VdG Y Id dhDG
. jG Sf EG eCGh
G TG SCGj dG G Y H ``cPh
gh G CG YOGdG fi QcdG SFdG HfG
QGdG G``g ```JG ```fCG ``cD`J dMG ``g J QJ
G dMG J Y eG aQ H
gdG jG UCG G cCJh ,jdG
eG `` cCG ``e ``gh..``bh CG G``` G `````YGh
.eGMG

ch -jDhdG- IgdG
Y ze M dMG HMh cM 30 cQT
L dM dG dG Qb eH G eCG
jdG e ,``J```Y ````LG ze ``M {
gY Q```G dMG ```LC`J ```aQ I``g```d``H edG
fCG adG dG e O``Y YCG a ,jdG G
19 L fe SdGh WdG idG e QS
.G dMG cQ aVEH ,ZCG
eCG ,fi Y b dG G AL ch
SdG idG e kGOY EG ,G jdG dG
G ``` d``` ` MG ``Y``e ``` ` J `` Y Q`` b ``` H``` ` ` dGh
.jdG
H e kHMh cM 30 H QGO bG CG VCGh
zedG jdGzh SCdG zG jdG M{
,jHCG 6 T cM e ,ge MCG fG L e
.GG gG OGSGh SGQd Y Qbh zjHCG 6 T cMzh zhSe T OGzh
cG QGUEG cCGh ,QaEG LCJ SdG idG YEG GMCGh SdG ``c``G ``e cQG CG ```VhCGh
SJ d ZCG 19 G d dMG LCJ
,GYO Lh cG EG bh ,dMG cQG Y hO fG ```dG i``` dG ``e ``jO```dG ``a`````dG G`` `fGOCG e fG dG SdGh WdG idG e aG
Gd YCG Gh SdG cGh idG L EG
.dG EG LdG Ua AYE YSCG fG LCH dG H dG

``a ``dhO ``YEG ``a ``Y ```ZQ ``j G G``H ``dhO 122 ``YCG ``aQ
PSCG `````Y ```M Q``` c``dG ``b ,```f``L ``eh
CGH dhdG YCG EG H hdG fdG
YEG eY 1988 ``Y jO e JJ
QOdG 177 ``bQ QGd ah a ``dhO ``Y
43`dG JQhO IG Cd edG G Y
fGh H hO 104 GfBG aYG M ,
EG dG jdG e ``e dG
jdG e ``dP ``KCG Y ebh ,a
aG h`` dG ``e O``Y ```d G````S 70 H
.SH
SeHdGh SdG GG CG Y cCGh
dh `` ` YE G `` dP ```e ``b```j `````````dG
dhH G`` ` YG `` `YEG ``` H I`` `MGh `````d
CG EG .. I``` ` G C` `d ```e`````fGh ``````a
LCJ GW jeCGh ``HhQhCG OGh FGSEG
.GfBG dhdG YEG

.hdG
e g dG dhdG YEG CH fh
bj ``gh dG d ``f``bh YT
eh HdG hdG eL e jCdGh YdG
CGh `` ` `HhQhCG O`` ` Gh ``e``` SEG h``` ` dG
YEG G CG EG Q```TCG ``fCG ``Z .. IG
hO b e fdG G``YG d dhdG
.FGSEG MG dh dG
e j dhdG YEG CH IddG OaCGh
e WdG fdG gceh a dhO
YG GgG GHEc hdG G AYCG
dG fi hCG FG G EG LdG hCG
e a ``c``e ``e j ``fCG c .. ```dh``dG
MG `` `` dhO EG ``` MG `` ````T
dG ``j``g``L dd ffb I```e ``gh ..
.SGh QdG f dG

.IG CG
dG j dG YdG Gg EG :VCGh
EG GO`````SG ``f```dG Hf EG dG
YGbh O``` e EGh ``` dh``dG ```Y````dG GQG`` `b
d ``f```dG dG ```U``Nh ,h`` dG ``f```dG
bQ dG QG``bh G dG dhdG
ac ``d``ch .. 1947 ``` dG QO``` ` dG 2 181/
h edG G ``Y IQO````dG GQG``` dG
d ````G ``j```J ```H `````dG GP `` `eCG
.dG
dhd ``` ` ` SG `` `YEG EG kG`` cD` `e ``H``Jh
dG d he M g.. dG
dGh .. ``j````dG e ``JGO```bh
jdG ``e PEG EG ``L```H d dG
LCG e Vj ``fC ;h``dG G hCG IG
fdG YGbh O G e jJ M

cdG - G GQ
YEG hdG G jL cDJ IN
dG LdG ffb jCGh ,a dhO
YEG LCG e G S IG CG f
aYG dhO 122 YCG BG aJ..SG
``jP```G MdG ``eCG dG ``dh``d``H
MGdG FdG jdh dG SFdG
fi QcdG b ,QWEG Gg ah .aY Sj
eH h`` dG ``f``` dG P``` ` SCG I``d````dG ```a
dG hO ``e ````dG O```dG G``g EG :``S```dG
dG jdG G``j``L GjCJ j
e IG C` d LdG WdG dh
hO b e fb G``YG Y G ``LCG
e ``YO ``d``ch ,``e```dG G ```dG
EG a jY H ````dG jdG

CGdG

2011 ZCG 13 aGG `g1432 eQ e 13 dG

14

..jQhV
dG S .O

dG Uf

ffEGLYQY..edGQGc
g Y SG e CG EG ..FGW H G YGdG Y gf Gh dH edG SG JQG
HJ M ..T LGj CG G e dG ISCe CGSCG J dGh d Vj dG ffEG KQdG
BG hf EG aVEH Veh Yh YL BCG e J eY 60 e CGSCG g L Le
HQg Teh Jh JHh dGeCG gAGQh fl HKCGh c IQhG OdG EG OhG Y
.JM eO dG Gh dG e
jJ edG dG K EG M ,ffEG L Y QY Uh j edH j e CG T
OGOJ FHdG VGeCGh jdG AH WCG HUEG CGh UN LY ffEG GY LM
.. TCG KK W dCG 29 e cCG IadG OY Uh M ej W 60 GM Iah j Ic
Y MRdG Ud Jhfi AKCG JM hj jdG dG Qch Ad dH G dc
.MOa KQc hH Qj OhG
dG SBG H dGh bBG eJ jGhQh H ej dJ G YEG FSh EG SCd
eeCG gc Ia iJ gh ?IG QH fG CG e a Mhf MQ AKCG G dG LGj
jdG YQb gOhCG GcJ LdG LJ AKCG CGh CG e ch ,T eCG e d h
.G G f e AHCG H Ghj CG eCG Y G LGj
ee Ld jdG jQdG dG Gg CGb d dh ,Qbh Ab g edG H e EG dG j b
gh hdG G gE be f g j e CG QOCh KQdG g hM M EG J
e iNCGh W e fPCG iMEG a jY e cCG e cCH jaCG dG H G dG fj
YGQdG UG GNh TG f J jdG Gh QeCG IQf ce LGj c Y
SDGh dG dG Z X e YL aG dG hG ISCG e YV h ..
QGc e ffj e LGeh fH bdG e H VGQCG e WGG d OCG dGh eG
.W
j fH Qjh eCG j GPh .. edG j hdG G jCG Af fEG
.? eRCG e FGSEG d VJ e Y a Ub dG CG CG dedG d Vj e a
HG dd GeCG L H dhdG G hCG eG hCG hdG H WCG dG GQdG EG
cg gf fh edG j e f GP EGh ,ffEG YdG e dN AaL GQT EG g e
dH dSCGdG hdG a aJ dG bdG dGh G g bh Th Afh WC Y
.IG g dG j dHh dG e Gd dedG Cch ZdG dGh
Y YJCG j eSEG jda ,je j jCG dG Z g ``eCG HGZ ``cCG
Y S j dG GRe dP ZQh ,aG KZEGh HG IY Yjh YLG adG
.T dhd HdG YdG i bJ dG dG GQOG H ASH dG edG
J dG AaG jdG WEG e H cG ADg Id HdG hdG c J CG f
Zh ce M dhfih G YG H GdG bh Y cdG J dGh L e J h
.G dG H dG ffEG KQdG Y dG
L d ij dG ffEG KQdG g e Th edG jh GhCG Ga b j dG d
Mf YSh GAS OGOS VdG CG CG dG jdG Gg bd jS Y IQOe a .. jdG
.? edG J VQCG X Y H J fc dhO Y
***
be Z fYa cfi
ITe AGdG Y M ,b e J Gja KM G FdG Y HdG dG HJ
G dG G dG dH d NGO jRhh h Qe M HdG G FdG cfi
e MGh c j M jQG IQdG H cG g J CG MCG Qj j a .. IQGh bdG
.fdG f j c fGOEG J M H a f Y adG ec M NCjh Y eh d
TT ``M GdG jdG jG IM e HSh bQa h `` f cG ``g EG
QdG e Y jQdG gj d d ITe AGdG Y HdG fYd j e H jdG
JG b gj CG jCG e j MCG j j a ,e Fd hCG cG fCG UN
.M Gg Cch
dG HdG dG H S HdG G Fd KM dG eGQdG cG CG jCGQ
Lh GW GS gQhU Y GL jdG FSDhQ c YdGh ICGG dM Gge a
.PEGh dG N j
dG b Nj eY KK GW YR c CG H HdG G FdG CG MCG j j
a hJ dG IG S g g dh ,e e 80 e jh jh j c dG gh
.QG T jW Y MU SCGQ Y G jh MdG Y dG j CG
MGe VSG GPEa .. T Yj CG b Ie dCG j LCG CG HY c AGS Fb c d
T eYCG ThT f ehdG Fda..V dG IOdGh ASDhdG cfi CG jQdG
H dG dj efi cJ hCG f Y ad Ua j h a MGh j h jJ cfi hO
GU SCG bGdG FdG cfi f d dHh .. dG GQJjO c fC ;Y Hf G
Yf e gh Od jeCG hZ KEG WCG Ga jFdG H cG NG ZQ eGYEG M M
.T IQK dh M e
hj jNBG IOdG S OdG H jh H GN j Fb CG cfi CG T
OdG H dM j e fWhCG VQCG Y AedG bGQEH GSh HT Y GhaG GPEG Ie dCG
.HdG
c jCa .. UN H dG j dG VdGh eY H G AdG Y G c MGH
HdGh G dG OQ S GPa IAGdG Y dM hCG S hCG Qe GYE Uh GPEG AGS G
.? dGh
***
jL hM
Yh jW Gd LDJ dG jdG dG FdG G fdG WGG e jdG dW *
g JCJ CG fP a Y c e S Jh dj T e CGJ dG FdG IRLEG AfG QfG
aG J M jdG dG YS VdG UCa .. e J M Y IRLEG
. AHEG hO M Y WGe c jh jS
.f MGH ..? WGG eCG J a
bCG hDH UN ShCG d jeCG e gh jL e GSG jeCG j *
QGG fYj G jO CG Se jdG bM Y Gh bCG g YO H jdG
jeCG GP Af fh ..Gh eG IGhGh ffEG G Z eeh
e QGUEG CG T ..? d b JbCGh zjQ SCGQ Y{ JbCG CG CG gY G bCG HhQhCGh
.jOh Wh Y QZ c aj jUhh SZh QhZ GQGdG g
FGSE AS H G``YG CG cDj GNDe QU FGSEG d jJ e J *
.!! dG
jJ fc GPEG AjHCG AeO Sh dG VGQCG ZH jdG dhdG J GP..Af fh
..? IL dG FGSEG S CG dG j gh ..!? S Y G
.!! T e a J GPEG M
***
G e
.zJ d b e jdG Y c c dG Y c GeBG jdG jCG j{ : J b

!!..GhdGh KEG Y GfhJ


J Ea ddG hCG fdG hCG hCG JZH j
ZdG feEG d MG J ZdG
Ggh ,VdG QGSG H dG dhC fdG hCG hCG
,dhdG eG T Y cG be Vhe c
J dP H j H a Gg Y eCG j h
hCG dG H e Jo iT jCG d d
e cCG aTh YVe g a ,gQeCG AdhCG
.!!?d MG GAGLEGh dG Gg
CG `` ` ` ` `g `` ` ` ` `` ` ` ` ` g `` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `d`` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `` ` ` ` ` `TEG
dG Qe Y dG GNEG dhj jdG ADg
dG OGaCG (dG AH hCG dG H Ak GS)
OdG Y AdH dj Fb jCG b Gfc jdG
hOj a ,Y dhDG Sfih HGh
GQjdG H Gejh JdG G J Ghd BG
fc GPEG !!?````dG ``M dd ``W ``Y MH
AdG LCG e Gc jdG fodG dG cM
k Se k T M b G Wh OdG Y
J eG GMdG L b fEa bGdG VQCG Y
e jG d jd dG dBGh fCG dG
de e eJ adGh jOGh YVG
d jh dG dG gj Mh ,WGG
T H fEa jNBG M Y T de
dH gh ,VaG HdG VhCG IO``YEG dhj
,idGh dG dh Gh```dGh ``KEG k fY j
.k HS q H c G d dfl Ggh
ILCG YVeh dOY `` jQGOEG fCG AH
H A``q ` ` dGh OG hdG j ``dh```d ```e```G
dP j dh ,WGGh dhd jQGOEG ILCG
dG fCH WGG Yd e OL H e H
dGdG LCG e k dM eG SDG gQJ
fCG H WGG GdG e H h ,YVGh
C ;WGd eh dOY d e fc W
f dG YLG GdG Sj H GdG Y
odG G bCG Y J hCG gd k L
f G IOdG X ANdGh H j dG
G M- G dG ``d``G MU IM
.c eQh G dG j AdG EGh ,-YQh

fdGh jdG L YhG bM e jNBG


.IG T
odG G e j dG OdG e dG Gg
H ,UN f oY IgX d JLQO e LQH dG
e e ``` ` j O`` ` `j h ``` ``Y I`` g`` X `` g
cDj h ,Jhe LQH dh IUG G
OdG a dhOh Wh SDe OLh dP
dG bQG eh ,LCGh HdG h``dG e OY
,YLG IgX fCG g IgdG g Y J
OGaCG H gMd eG SDG d a fG
a !!k jCG dG gQKBG eh e j jdG G
SDG QJ LQO Y J LQH a WQe
hCj e Gk c fC ;IG dGh ILCGh
AGjEG Y j Y d SDG dhDG EG
.Gj hCG dH GY ;jNBG
``JC` j ``gG``dG ``b``dG ````V``G G``g IQ``KEG EG
IQGR``d HdG ``M``G dG ce Ff YEG Q``WEG
dGh G jRH j ````a dG dG
e d LQGh ``` ` NG``dG ``````SGQ``dG
e ZdG a ,edG IOdG jNh jN
dG eQdG GAG`` LEGh bdG h```dEG dG
IQG jYdG eGdGh YGh cG gJG
dGh G jRd dG YVG dG M
k jS IQG IgdG jf dR e fEa ,SGQdG
JdG G IgX ``gh CG ;I```dG ``g e
j jdG UTCG e jd dG GQjdGh
e SJ fC ;``M``G dG ce Ff d
.JLJh HQbCG hCG FHCG ZQ
e e CG e dEG j ADg j
dEG j h aTh YVe cG Ff CH k e
hdEG da !!MGf e Mf CG e dG
JZQ GhOj CG d j cG id H G
NGO) k jCG dhdh H a d dH d
CGh (dEG ..,LCG dhO ,HY dhO ,LQN ,dG
jG AV h ,``j``dhCG M ZdG J GJj
d SGQdG eh dG dG Qj Y G
NJ hOh OM H G dG e dW
jdG d dHh ,iNCG L jCG e hCG cG e

fi HQ YLG f ah G H hdG
UMh ,```SEG Y ``b dG SCG ``gCG e q oj
G SZ Y -Sh Y G U- dG
G U H ``dPh ,dG ``jG``H e G
a bh dG YLG aBG bdG e G
dG Hh SEG b G Z jdG G
Wh G UGhCG J ``aBG J eh ,jdG
dGh IMdH SMEGh G``dG Mh ffCG Yf
e aBG gh ,gZh YLG G LGe Y
dEG OJ e H jhdG EG H ODJ CG fCT
cCj Hdc dG G YLG VhCG e
Mh dG VGeCG Jh dG a dG
Z G e jdG CdG g c ,QfG
.dG G
YLG SSCG Gg EG SEG YO Mh
-Sh Y G U- dG Y hQ c VhCGh ,G
b fEa ,(k H H j dc eDd eDG) CG
e ah a Aoj M e eCG H WMCG
n nY Gfo hn n Jn hn ) Lh Y G b M ,edG eSEG
n s Go Js Gnh Gnp hr o dr Gnh ``Kr pEG n nY Gfo hn n Jn nh in r s dGnh u p dr G
G
p
n s sEGp
q ,(p n p dr G o jp Tn G
hdG CG Jh fS a
dh dG dU a e Y j CG j SdG H
j M G Y CGh ,gQV a j e Y
QV EG Y W j CG j dG d Gk MCG
M UCG g Gg ,QdG e IQU CH jNBH
Uf e oj c ```SEG dEG ``YO ``dG hdG
.dG dGh G e gh ,G jO
hd HdG G Gg ``Y G`` `` ` fG EG
d ae SQ EG LJh SdG H
IQKEG SCG gCG e oj k fBG VhCG dG eSEG
H gh ,k eY G G h G H dG
dH q e dG GMCd FdG SCG MCG jQ
eG e WGG de W AL a ,Gk NDe
RG k je ``c ``dG OdG Y AdG
HQj ``dG OdG QU R``HCG ``eh ,dhd QGOEG
,GhdGh KEG Y hdG g WdG AHCG e AadG
dGh dG ``b``` dG OD` `J M `` dPh
eM EG jG e G OGaCG d cG

dG GVQ

hdGh bEG Gh jQdG IQdG


EG HdG Hh ,FGSEGh fGjEG bGe QS
,(GW a e) L e jdG dG qEG dG
,FGHh GOb IQH Y NGdH jgG IQb Yh
t co ;efH Y JG Y QH VQG IQb Yh
Y hCG IQdG ONE k Ua dG oj CG dP
ADg H gjh .fp jW I e ojd q bCG
SG GPEG jObG j CG dG qCG EG
jJ Y HdG j GPEGh ,JYe GjEG
r ,dG MdG e eq CG .dG
QdG dG Va
,FQ Z ZQ dGh ,dG dG Vh e aCG
- j Gj ,JGQGOEG Jh ,Y G fGh
Gge GNEG - dG OdG Y TCG S H
.eN Ggd ae jC
m J
gGX Y g bGG AD`g Y fcP e qEG
oj CG jdG dG qCG iQCG h .````MGh
f o oY oj CG dH fCG H .jQH IQdG
fL e Qe hCG m jW e s Ho a .bh QhTh SCG
GNEG SCG dG Y Vd dhdGh dG
j b Ggh .QdG e jdG bah eCG JGb
fL e dGh ,jdG ObG QG
eCG GPEGh .OQCGh cJ fL e OhG bEGh ,eCG
,jdG H QdG dG Y eCG AYCG J
IOjR H YCG fCGh .iNCG GQe
GMCG J a
m
dG e N
hO
hFdG
Qj
C
G
eE
G H , ogdG
m
QOj ``bh .dfG M fHh GQJ YGh
jdG e G H) eCG dG G dG
hCG dG VQG e ao dG EG (dG NdG hCG
.e dfG MGh dG Nd e UGdG
o
jdG Y H G Y G j qCG GQCG dG qEG
,dG IO``YEGh t d Yj l eCG ,G``Gh VdG e
fL e H ;SCd jQdG dG fL e dh
QS b ZhCG c dG GQhG oa .GJCGh dG
Y jdG dG q dh .jOdGh e e a
t j lM g PEG ,GYeh Ge QdG dG
:HTh dWCGh VGMh T Y dG Gg
oo bPh Y e q EG G eh
p LG
s jH Y g eh
radwan@hotmail.com

G e N hM eYh .Y SCG FdG


jQdG IQdG eCG dG fEG M Lh
QdG edG G e l Y d J ,hH
h ,j eCG ib NJ eh ,dGh fgEH
qCG YGh .``f CG e LYfG eG FQ XCG
jdG Y H G Y G YO eY Y s M dG
q a ,CGSCG j hCG H d jQdG dG
Y T cP e d ,M c G dL qCH Je
.!eM fL e QdG dG O S
bEG H j a BG ``b``G ``g G``g
jQdG IQdG M e qE` a l VGh g ch .h``dGh
M KCdG jT j EGh ,b Z G Jd
Nh ,GO cCG HhQhCGh jeCG QU a .BG
GJCG Lhh
s ,jG dP U Y dG
FdG ``aO e c ``dP qCG H .G``NCG GQG`` fEG SCd
jdGh YGh dGh dG ``bh EG dG hCG
,dG OedG Qq d dh QS e fCG c ,QdG NGdH
qEa ;dP e dG Y H .M MUE
G jW
m
Ik jL k N qCH j ,eQ T jGH e j e
bGG jh .dG b g IFdG idGh G V
FS f bdG Gh dG G Gg qEG
iL e H
m M
m EG j ,M e GAk H OdG AfCG
,N FdG ``jCG jFdG ```dG V G`` jEG
QdG ``S``Gh SdG fL ``e ```jh i``L ``eh
da .2009 Y HfG KCG Y MUEG V
GdGh ``Gh .ge q `c q V eY cS j
o Jo cGh ,dUhCG J
YGh ,Jo eo oM
eY j dP t co ,dGh dGh e QdG ``WEGh
t J dP q H d G dGh .FGYh eTh
hjh WGG Yqhj jdG HgQEG s G bh
SCG e cCG eh Gdh !edGh UG G Y
d ddG h - jQdG WGG e j
m s c j
q
f ,b G Y j e - gdG AKCG
Y j ,AdGh WCG e (jG g G``gh)
.JH GLg H ,dH QdG Gfc e fCG
r Lh
n ,FdG jdG jhdG ,dP AGQh e OGh
.e T hCG e QdG EG WGG hN
IjG SS `` ``fCG QdG dG jh
J I```T``G G``g```G O``Y a .e M
jQ GHh Qh``dG jOh H GgdG eCG .H
bh .GOYh M q bCG QU a ,f eOh eO

e j jdG Y H G Y G ``c eY
hCG G f Jh dG S jEG QdG dG
e GjEG LQG jRh c ,GGh VdG q
iQdG LQG hDdG FQh ,GW
dhdG ``YO QGSG Y j ,IgdG e G``jEG
e jh ,l n e ``fC jQS d fGjEG
SCG FdG e Qm GM Nd VQG ar O dG
dG Lh e G VCG bh !``eRCG a
- ``YEGh ,jdGh jdGh jOdG AGS S
AGQRd jb
m m LG Y - NCG hdG H H
,jQS `` eRCG dG ``LCG ``e G LQN
dG j gPo JG dG GAG`` LEG g ``eh
l ``e g c J ``M ``bh .QdG
bG h`
fjH e `m `c e ``e``HhCG FdG ``h ,jeCG
e OqJo dG GAGLEG J d djEGh fah
.T b QGSG e r ,dG Y dG
fL EG SoCG Gg M a q``gCG QdG ``ch
LQG jRh IQjR ,jdG Y H G Y G H
N e dGh ,SCG e jdG JKOfih jQd cdG
d cJ S ,hj a SM AH e
e QdG dG V dG jE hdG G e
gh - jaCG Lh jRGdGh dG eCG .ef fL
b ``eCG QdG dG e bh dG h``dG
AbUCG{ EG Gah SQCG a - SFdG dG QhU
Y ``N``dGh dG bH d zjQdG
.!WGdG dG
l MCG QdG dG e r o jn ``fCG j s c Gg qEG
.dh G```dG ``e x ` c YJCGh ,G```W ASH
G H ;Gc QH j CG j dGh
Y OdG m LEG OLh dh ,GdG Y IKG
.GdH bhCG g QdG dH dG
Y YGdG G M be :be a d eq CG
FQ j M ,fdG eG beh ,GW e
V Y ``JQ``b ``Y q ` X cGd Je
.eG cQG G``WCG aJh g JaJ
e Qm ho J hO SCG FdG Qhj SH GL jRda
FdG JCG e gh - dG LQG jRhh .Je
CG ``eCG d he e j - H f
x T Hh .G fL e SFdG dG V uoj
K !jdG Y eG be EG UdG eCG m r Lh
jCGh ,AYSH eO EG dG LQG jRh gP

15

iDhQ

2011 ZCG 13 aGG `g1432 eQ e 13 dG

jDhQ

WdG fObG FcQ e

eT jObG ej
dGh ad jDhdG SDe gQJ

eh ,dG ObG FcQ e IcQ ,dG dGh YGQdG YdG


OGeG Y fdG SCG B NO Qe fc Y GY Gg ,NdG jJ QOe
Qj c ,WdG Obd Yd IdG gCG Y KG j h .G WdG
M IdG Mh Se hCG IU SDe Ak GS aWCG aH dG UG dG
.YdG jg QSG H Oj dG jObG IFdG
Gd fdG fedG eCG Y YUh IQ aZ J JCj G Gg eh
YVG e OY M jd dG Ih``dGh YGQdG jRh e aSGh VG
G YVG d Ua Ada. dG dGh YGQdG dH bdG GP
..H VdG jW VJ dG dG dJh YdH
d e L j dG dhW Y YVe L g ,dG IhdG b a
EG M ,jOd fhJ L b J dP eh ,d M jDhQ EG dH bY
gOGYCG CG UN ,dG U e dG dG g VhCH AJQG S dP
G jJ j CG dP CT e CG c .IG dG WGT W Y RJh Ic
,de QSCHh d SCG Iah Y S LfEG Y dH jh
. WdG fObG Y dG IhdG FY J EG aVEG
jOdG IY Ie hHh j Gb EG dc LM dG dGh
H Je YU AfEG EG dG Gg QSG ZGdG Jh ,e jJ
. H AJQG J
IAVEH IjL YVe g CG T a , GGh YGQdG dH j ah
IdG N fGGh YGQdG d WdG JGSG ``dP eh dM cdGh
SEd fdG YGQdG G AGT Y jQdG cGG J EG aVEG , eOdG
gaQ jJh WdG ObG YO dG SEG j WdG G J
. WGG

IQGOEG FQ
jdG ``FQ

`` FdG M H ``JM
jdG

24479885 :Jg
info@alroya.info

ObG
230 , 208 :fi

businessdesk@alroya.info

G
244 , 242 :fi

localdesk@alroya.info

VjdG
239 :fi

sportdesk@alroya.info

fYG
24479888 :Jg
ads@alroya.info

cGTGh jRdG
24479886 :Jg
24479889 :ca
``jRdGh `YdG

Jc f Lh Y Gh IjG CGQ Y IQhdH J IQG AGQBG

fjG bJ K aj QhdG
dG a
Ge Y Gce QhdG MG G e VG dG OdG
,gdH QhdG dOY dG ROhh jH bJG L 1944 Y
d 1971 Y dOG g AdEH M CGW dG jdGh
YG jdG GQhG d QhdG gdG aJ e
H Y WMG c QhdH MG e QhdG e
HdG e e dG jGG g ,dG ObG cCH J
OG J e RJh ,dG G SCGQ jQWeG TY Y
g S .cGTG hdG ee Y GfGh adG
Y S dG jObGh dG eRG QfG e jGG
c H HhQhG hdG GObG KCJ G bG a ,2008
e j hdG g e GOY Gh UN ,ceG jdG eRCH
N e L dP RH bh ,be jObGh de eRG
RQH fBG OQfS dch QGb H G GSG OS dG dG dM
fl SG QSG g M ,FG dG J
dch b bh ,GVG e dM gAGQh fl ,dG AfG
2011 Y dG Y dG dG d JbJ dhdG bdG
QSCG JQG f e 1^2 EG ej eH dCG S bGH
.ObG dG DWJh dG
fG bY W ec HSG G cdG G eh
H Gh ,eRG bJ Y hG LQdH dhDe SCGdG
eMh ,jObG dG GFd OdG Z jRdGh G SCGQ
GQMGh dG d GeG Vh ,dG e dG je
,dG jObGh dG eRH J dG dSCGdG
ceG dG h eRG J dG G ICaeh
HQGh dG NO dG dG dG .fjG AYG
ceG ObG dZ dM dGh -dG GdGh jQdGeG %22 GH G YdG QfGh e Z ObG G
,JLMG J QG Y ceG G OYG G iOG dG
,be fRGG Yh ,ej dG e ceG QdG da
fGhdG JSS jd dG Y dG dG G aVG
g ,gZh dh GdGh a WG bh ,dG T Y
ceG d jObGh dG eRG QfG G OG SdG
ceG AGa OT SdG g .dG ObG H gMh
e Sh aU H ddG M Shh ce e
H ING dG H YLGh dG eG H e
GQMG de Vh dGh ,WGdGh QG HG
.eRCG LGe hCG G dSCGdG
katutf@hotmail.com

!dG Y Ga hCG ,dG aCG Ghga


N GY

FG dG Jh ceCG jdG eRCG b MWn


Y Y MG c QhdG Ve jeG IG jd
e dhdG dhDG e jdG QM a ,GO dG H
WMc H j dG cG jeG QhdG j G MG
Y hdG dG hU FQ Y a ,LG d
jRh dch ,Y MG c QhdG e M eDhJ
jG G d SBG dG QUG jJ cPh ,dG de
QhdG f Gh IOhe UG dG Md c QhdG
J dG Oe WMG d G d j G H
dG dG G hG eh .FQ GQhO jSG dG a
jdH dG h ,MG g dG dG QJ
dhO cG K H Y Qhd gDJ dG GQhG e
QhdG e WMG cCH h ,jObG MdG e
ObG H Jh ,QhO fjJ KK GH Qj dG
,LQG JQ dG e M h ,%9 f
YeG M WG e je G QhdG jJ Y IQObh
H cG SG J d ,ceG jdG GS AGT Y
G ceG QhdG VJ M ceG IG jdG
bG M HJ L e a ,fe Y KDJ IjL Gg
j CH dG Gjd QhH Jh ,dG jObG hG
HhQhG dG dG LGJ H UN ,d WMG Y
M QhdG e JWMG e Y J d ,hQdG
idG YdG hdG b e jT ehe c ,QfG
dM G G ,dG ObG e ee bGe MG
hQdG eM ,hQdG Y hO jObG J dG dG
dG dG eRa ,Qhd YdG jQdG H j G e
dG b J IQG dSCGdG hdG jObG H
,dG IjT b a dG M IjL U Y
LH e QhdG LJ eOdG GdG f S dP e
gG OGOjh .dG dG M IjL H dGSGh
dG gG G H ,QhdG Y jH Y OjG IQhH dG
.ceG ObH
Y IFdG aQ G dG J ODj G bG e
aJh ,fjG eN AY IOjR dHh ,ceG GdG
eG ,LG dG eG QhdG U S Vf e
eRC e ,WGG Y G dJ JQG G ODj dG
IQhO NdGh ,ObG OcQ eG dG J ,IjL de
dG ObG jJh dG jObG eRG e IjL
N ceG ObG H dG jGa ,QNG aC

,VQCG Y SS Va c ,Fbhh FM VJ CG IdG


hH EG VQCG Y JCG a J jeCG .GHCG G j Gg d
zHhdG{ jQdG gQhd ah ,hdG gQEG SQh SdG dGh
jObG JOGQEG IQOeh JGhK M e gjd ,jNBG V
H dG Kh ,G SCGQ M e a dUh U j ,SdGh
.dG G SCGQ FGhHh
dH G d ,PdGh dH ShG FdG GhdG Y hPj e
Y f h ,MG GSG Y d J dG IgdG FdGh MdH
dZ M e dh ,d e j a SdGh jdG JMhW
,Jh fGH Y j e QG dG Gg O CG ,jCG SdG
YLG dG dG eG WGdG GdG H dG j g eh
N e ,G V fVh fRGJ GMEG IQhVh ,ObG dG
NCG e Ggh ,YLG dGdG e Yf j ObG QdG HQ
a dd aVHh ,fe dG dCGh ,INCG GdG fjH a
,e afSG hdc ,G J M WGO fG dg
,eh OdG e d HGV dg G c ,G jOdG dG hO
dG WGh ,NGO dSCGdG J hO dG dHh SGh dAGh
,edc ,iNCG GdG VEGh N e h ,LQN d
.jCG dG Qh hG AGeCG Y eBjh ,G H j dG
rehab_bluesky@yahoo.com

YEGh dGh ad Y SDe

g ,fG GQe 3 Y jj h ,jdG f CG hdG dG jJ j


jdG OJ KQc CGSCG fCH Uj dG dG Gg ,dG N L
Y X ,GOe H fG G c G jdG cDjh ,jG dG
,SSG JM J MS dZ Hh ,e b a H RGdG
.cCG dG Y h
VdG dP QGc CG ,2009 Y dG dG eRCG Y c e g jG
GdG QGO Y NO H ,e Lh e T Y J ,G
j J dG jdG eRCG gNBG ,de eRCG bhCGh ,dSCGdG
SS Jh ,fGSG EG eH eCG Uh M ,dSCGdG e je
dSCGdG hda Ggh ,GjT T ASG J ,YLGh jObG J
M ,jW Vj e c jj ,YCG QRhc j dG dG T bh
!QfG hCG jhdG
OGG T dhDG Y YdG GdG YCG ,d LG NBG
M H f dh ,Y CGW dG dG QSCG JQGh ,Y FGdG
,dSCGdG Mh Y d hfi g EG dhDe jJ CG ,bGdG
ie Y ZCG ,fdG YdG hd AGdG gGTh ,FZCG Jh
%10 Y IOY jJ jT gh ,iNCG hdG H JG dGh ,dG
.dG Y J MdG ZCG M ,iNCG G
,JGRGh Md Sc ,dSCGdG jdG EG JJ jeCG Ib fc GPEGh
C ,zG g IdG{ g bNCG Z e G j J fG a

.CG Sd gjOSCG H Sb
15 cCG b LG j h ,FdG HjH Le fG Gg
jJ M Y Kj dGSCG dG NQDe CGH M eY
adG jJ h ,fjc jh AHCG e G dG U be
e K Y gT oc bh .jG g d adG FdG
l aCG gh ,VdG b aCG cGJ Of iQC LG Gg GQhO
!gG bEG GH S fCG XCG oc e l Yf
YU jJ Y IQb d FdG fLG CG T Z e
,jhJh YGHEGh j e a ,a oJ dG GdG dG
Ff gCGh ,aGh YU jd dG U d eh
j d QG id FS aK N g -jCGQ Wb
d .fGH dG fLe J e Gg .dG aCd ja
?Yo g fJ CG g ,dG J dG fLG g
?jd G dG U J G g
FGhdG aCG YU edG dG e dG ddG
Ghgj fCG g ,N Y e fj ,Yo jd IdG
Qc YCG eh ,adG dG dG Lf e GL dG EG
dhQ hCG acQJ hCG LH e dG M bG LG
Oj faj dG MdG FdG PdG EG .gZh g O
H dG FS P CGSCG gh ,Ohdg S j
Le c IH GhLGj CG ADg j .jG hG S
,Seh dHh fGUh bdGh c e dG M c FS
HO G Leh XHCG ShCG dG L h
Lf Ige j VdG .VdG Gg e GAL j CG
jQ FS P e Jge GhOYG Y fl FS
dG U e LH Lh Aq d Lj c ,bN fc e cCG
e fGbCG e SG Y a ,HQ Y dGh dG M
.Aq H fh Tfh QJ L G aCG U e IGdG
gdG G dG U j EG a ,EG VCG eCG
Y Y Ea ,dG M adG FdG fLG J e Cm
bGH ,edG e OY GW gFGH IFdG aCG Ghgj CG bCG
S G dG fU Ea dP a ,bCG SCG a
e HdG dG eb eh FdG GHEG gh dEG Uh Y he
gj e .UGGh OG fEG GHEG f N AY
fLG FGG UM e dG M YG Qc aCG
,HdG dG WQN GhZ jdG Fp GdG LG eh ,FdG
.d N da ,FS e fCG Yj CG Y Ea
A92801700@yahoo.com

,dG M IOe aQ FS fLe J dG QGe Y


J GDS g rd .YGHEG MdG e aCG RHCG a aJ
g ,IH hO KOG fLG g :eeCG fLG g
dGR e dG GdG dG YU Y KCJ GP J CG d
?fOc HdG dG jHCG J
Se
fC
G
:T

J
FdG
fLG jgG IdG
n
e e VQCG H fl e aQ FS aCG Vd
dG U Ad Ua g dch ,IOfi eR Ia h MGh
.gQH Fdh dG H dG M
j jG g h ,dGSCG HjH je dG oSQO
FGhdG aCd S Le gh ,hdG FdG HjH Le
.IdGh jdG dG aCd dch ,IdGh jdG
g :dG GDdG HLE jdG d J LG Gg SCJ SCG
H CG G aCG YU Y dG fL FY ep g
?GdG e
fc SCJ Mh ,1992 Y FdG HjH Le SCJ
e cCG dK fCG ZQ ,jJ FS fEG H HjH je
J d ,d Y g c .dG OY M e dGSCG
e jb .be Ib Jh FGhQ eaCG EG YU g
jG g SCJ bh ,Sc dL je LJ ,HjH je
jeCG fEd V jeCG FS lgjOSCG 1991 Y
,fEd ICe Sc dL je gjOSCG UCG M .G
LH GdGRe IQhG HjH je FdG YG c
JGhOCG U j e gh ,gjOSCG J e Ghj CG :d
EG LH Gfc dch ,dG JNh a jJh FdG
aCG e IFa a ,HjH je S id Yf FS aK N
g .HdG dG AGQh jh adG dG j QH hCG ,QL H
j ,HjH je dG cG TfEG c :GDdG c
e H WNGh H Ad Ua MJEGh dG U T q
HjH je QL j BG GP h ,dG M dG Ye
HjH Le SCJ c ?bGdG d e QL EG
d SSCGh dG GG iMEG 1992 Y hdG FdG
YOh GHEG Z- aVEG HSCG g CG dG Y Z .GgCG J
J Qj dGSCG fjRf jh cM L b -adG dG
aCGh LG CG e ,FdG HjH L jS fGe
fjc jd MdG jhdG S jdG Ye S dG
dP S c ,(Sc dL h c h HjH e FdG f)
dL gjOSCG eaCG Yd jeCG jG e Gje
f G dG GPh adG dG feEG GP Sc

Y dBGh d KQdG RGdG Y Y GH dEG dG KM


MdG HSG IhQP ,dG dG Y G SCGdG ObG dG
Lh Y edGh jaEG YG :bG dGh MdG AGdG e d
M ,G AMCG e fG dG ,fjH dG GMCGh ,UG
EG Jh ,d AMCG e jdG d ,Ga d je AMCG cCG JJ
.eHh feh Hd e iNCG e
eM SS Y ,AMCG J T e VZ MG ,fjH j e
Yh ,dSCGdG JS X ,AjbCG AZCG d ehO RfG
,dGh dGh dG bMh FGH dH jObG G eRCG
d ,SdG dG LGJ SCGh ,YLG J e ba
j CG H c IQhdHh .a AGdGh AjKCG e W EG G
Te g eh ,jCG fdGh fSEG JT e gh ,jdG YLG VdG
J ,g eG MGe dSCGdG M ,iNCG HhQhCG hO hd
.Gh ObG eRCG j ,JSS H Qb Y
,Ie KQc g ,jaCG dG dh ded YL G KQc G fh
e je IM ,UG OQGG bh G Oj M ,LhCG dG fc EGh
dG Y g a ,dG j dG g SCGdG dG GO eh .dG
e Y j ffG IfG YSh ,dG G Yh dG
ASDdG e dG e jG ej e T H ,YL jG GY
.SSG IG ee d aJ jdG

Gh dG
dSCGdGh

Tg HCG MQ

IgdG dG

2011 ZG 13 aGG `g1432 eQ e 13 dG

16

AGdG IYe H dG GeC RGHG

G MGh dG d NCG Lh ..dG


fdG Y WT e hdH QJ

jdG OM /bdG -e
Ic GO fdG Y WT J
dPh ,fd ah d dGh dG LG
.YLG dG IQGRh e hdH
QG eQ T N IgdG g Jh
dG `` M ,i`` NCG jdG SGh
,jQdG Gh LG Y UN je
jNBG SG H jdG EG Cj Hh
Jh ,IYGh bdG j fCH ejEGh
dG ```Y````LG ``gG```dG ``e I``g```dG ``g
H eSEG G Y NdGh IQdG
.UN H dG Gh Y
dG IQGRhh fdG Y WT eb bh
IgdG d d ja H YLG
UH jdG jh ,Q```G eQ T ``N
fSG h .Y dG AdEGh dG
jW ``Y de O``Lh ``Y ``Z``HEGh jdH
(24707405)h (24794949) :ddG JGdG bQCG
.(99833055)h (99873334)h
dG VG dG N fCH IQTEG Qh
f H b H ,k e (295) e Y
.MGh
d ADg SQ SCG Y bdG Hh
SfCG ``` fCG ```J ```d ``Y````LG ````dG AG`` `LEGh
hCG ``jO`````bG ``L`` d I``g```dG ``g G`````eG
e ````dG CG ````JG ``H ``Y``j ```c ```f````fEG
dG ``` d ,``` ` ` dG ``` Y hQO`` ` `bh hQ``` ` ` e
k S kjW UCG
e dG GeCG RGH d
LGh AGdG IYe dhj jdG SdG
.FGM Abh Y dGh

Y ``` e i`` `NCG Q`` `KBG EG ``a``` VE``H ``` ` Nh


e e EG bdGh GcdG Uh
C ``dP ,`` eGQCGh ```jCGh cGh AGdG
dc ,M Lh hO G M NCj G
b dG iG Y IgdG g QGSG CG
GPEG k```eCGh kUh kYLG kG```N j
CGh ```U``N Y Ad h````fh ```d f
SQ ```dG ```W``G ```SQ```G H ```g
.dG AZ

G LGh
`` ` cCG A`` ` `dG ``` ` ` G ``J``Y ``` Y ``` j
IgdG g C dPh ,dG IgX HQ
H Jh e SdG hJh hH J
a ,``G dG AD`g AYEG Y SdG
G ``e h````dG G OG`` aCG L Y
IgdG `` g ```Y A``` ` ` dGh ````d ``````G
,UCG dG Y NdG dG
.J M jCG Y HEG N e dPh
Jj CG G Y j iNCG L eh
g `` b`` dG ``e ``F``` HCG ``j``` h``` ` jh
NCHh G g LJ j CGh ,G
IQGRh e UNG L EG e fdG
YLG dG hCG YLG dG
,GYH ``b``Y GP L CG hCG ``j``d``H
.dG WGG Yh eGc dPh

Sd kS f Mh b W J CG d G ``Y```b ``a``c O```L aJ ```j


gUh e j H dG AD`g b e G J b dG IgdG g QfG e
.Y dG N e SCG Y jh dG Gg H IN e
jdG `````dGh ````dG ``M ```F```HCG Q`` J CG
dG Ff
.GdG GMGh
QfG Y JG QKBG e jdG gh
haGh de
,MGh BG Gh OdG Y dG IgX
SQ H G ddG J e G NCG Gh WGG L Y j
EG ``Y``J ``` dG I``g``` dG ``` d OG`` ` aCG ````H GLGe fd dG HQ NCHh QGh
J ``e `` dP `````j ``e ``f``L EG `````dG g a R``J dG MdG IdG G
WCG SG
GeCG Y j G CG M ,G EG ``N``d``H AD` ` d `````dG ```j h ,I``g```dG Y dWCG SH ```SCG H J
Y dG a dHh A```Yh e h``H GVJ UTCG ``e jdG CGh UN ```G FdG GfCG H H e j M dG
bGY ```J ```dG ``Y````G aj CG kGHCG J dd MGh fh bS OG Yh ,O``b``dG J dG e

VG dG KOM 811 1135 HUEGh 122 e


hNBG 16 UCGh UTCG 3 J NBG OM h
bh hu n e OJ OM H JHUEG 7 H
dG b e MTh cQ f aM H
.SdG H Ag jH
dG G``j ``jQh``G OG``G SBe ``ZQh
bh ,jW d IOG ffdG YdG Rhj
N G jQhG OGG e jdG bh
g OCG ``bh ,dG G``g H I``NCG ``fhBG
hNBG j H ,ah IY IOjR OGG
.G dG e
FS Y kGL IN jQhG OGG Ff EG
jdG ee e gZh aGeh cG
.dY YH J cGh OG bh GPEG UN
QOb ``Z ``j``` ` d k` eR`` e ``````H ``` ` UCG `` bh
CdG C` H d cCj g ``eh ,``c``G Y
QhV ke I``FG``dG ``Y````dG ``e ``````dGh
CH kFGO cdh ,DG OGG J e d
a fhj fOcCG Gah JeCGh fAHCG g
.hSCe OH Lf

jNBG 1135 UCGh M kT 122 d


,VG dj T N bh S OM 811
OM 210h ```c``e ``H O````J O``M 381 e
OM 98h QgJ OM 122h HK H GUG
.gO
O``Y ``cCG J WdG e ``dGR ``eh
H aG OY H M dG OGM ah
21 J H ,kT 34 a bh dG OGG
16h bdG Gh e a e c
8h SdG Gh NGdG G e c
Th IgdG e HQCGh QX a
e a S a ,dG a
HG O``Y ```Uh M ``H``` UEG O``Y ``cCG
.kT 240 EG a

Agh jY KOM
T ``N ```bh ```dG ````SD`G OG`` G ``eh
jOS ISCG J ce QgJ OM VG dj
f ``bh .AH jd HdG jY e
.jNBG S HUEGh UTCG N Iah Y

dG jJ dG e HY V

dG S H TGQ /dG c

eQ G e dG
eQ T I``a ``N cG FS e c Vj
f ,dG dG Gg dGh AYEGh gQEd QG
```d```G ``` gh ,``MG``dG ``e `
m ` c b `` NCG `` Yh `````dG
G OG`` G ```ZC`a Q``` aEG b UN ``Y````dG
,QaEH dG LCG e QaEG Ye b J dG T
GVGh dGh ,dG bh SdG f j NBG dGh
dG ``N O```YG ``dG dGh ,Q````dG S ``Yh G``G
cdG Y JQb KCJ ;dGh IdG e G hJ
.OGG bh J dHh
jdG cCG e IMGh eQ N feCG bdG EG
MGdG e b NCj EG Y LJh FS c LGJ dG
EG e ```f bj CGh `` gQEG ``d``M ``gh ej CGh
e N gh bgQEGh FdG a jW a j c
dh Y e EG Vj b N be bdG
.gGj dG SdG Y d Hjh hj CG Y
e kb FdG ``NC`j CG ``` ````gCG ``e ``fE`a Yh
Jd FdG ``` ` SCG ``e ``g `` dG dG `` Yh ``MG``dG
gQEG dM bdG h ANCG QX K eh YCG
ANC Q```U j CGh SG YdH G``` dGh dGh
fCGh c dG UGJ CG b cJ CG Yh .jNBG
g f CJ CG Yh G e dG NG b fCG ge
.? aRG... j e g
r.s35@hotmail.com

HG fG
fedG adG
WdG GOb
Y WT GO```b VG ````SCG fG
adG HG da WGh aG fdG
WdG e a Qjh ,dG Gd QG eQ d
a Jh .IOb d HdG bCGh GQGOEGh cGG
.aG fGL jVG Y SCG

jM 77 ONEG
SCG
aG ie Y ``G ``a``dG ``cG``e eJ
EG 7/30 ``e I```dG ``N jM O``M 77 ``e WGh
OG kZH 24 e PfEG a eJ c ,2011/8/5
.kT 17 PfEG dN ,
IdG f N ``G ad edG IQGOEG ebh
QNCG ``e ``j``b``dG ```YC`H ```U``N ``e``N 1430 ````H
SGQOh fGG GQjdG eG J Th .jG
Heh ``` ` NG``dGh GO``` ` ` dG QG`` `` ` UEGh ``` ` ` G
BGh ``aG``G j ``eR``dG ```F``b``dG ``WG``` TG
.UGh edG Gh fGh cdGh SDGh

HQCG G V ````dGh ````d``Hh


jJh JQH S AKCG ajEH UTCG b dH jdH S b WQd SBG FG dGh jdG IQGOEG LQ
e ``` fCG ```J ```c ,`````d``H G``a``YG ```dGD```Hh G bSh IQdG e LGNEGh HCG dH kZH J ``b hQ WT ``c``e ``ch .````HCG e HQCG Y dG e hQ WT c
. jb HGdG UCG
.dG Jgh JRH c dG M ,d VJ Y G g aGh e NBGh N L ``e ``MGhh WGe H

199716 j````` 25 e cCG j


jQh````e ```dfl WGd bH dCG
````dj ````N SCG N Gh
IQGOEG ``e``b ```V``G ```d``j ````T ``N
`` `e`` `G `` `e `` j`` ` `dG Qh`` ` `` `d `` e`` ` `dG
52904 j M ,Gh WGd
.IjL ce 11267 Jh ce
```c``G bS ```NQ ie ```Yh
NQ 6286 GSGh ,NQ 4817 j
199716 ``````J ``` c .I`` j`` L ``b``` ` S
.jQhe d

IdG N fG GMCd edG IQGOEG eb


jh QGUEH 2011 ZCG 3 Mh dj 30 e
bH (17463)h WGd T bH (8142)
e kG``j``L kGO``d``e (2133) J ```c ,````e
.Iah dM (157) Jh ,Gh fdG
HG GAG`` `LEGh eG CG ``c``d``H ``j``L
fG GMCd edG IQGOEG eN Y d
Y ```f``G G`` `MCG ``b``e IQ`` jR ``N ``e ``M```e
(ffEG) ed dG dG
.www.civilstatus.gov.om

IQOeh GQfl LJ Y dG
jhdG e Ic c
jd ``e``` dG IQGOE`` ` `H GQ`` ` G ```a```e IQGOEG `` LQ ```
e GQ LJ Y dG AdEG e FG dGh
e ``cCG EG b J jhg JRHh e jH jG
.Y jQ dCG KK
a GQ``` G jd HY O``Lh ``Y ee OQhh
EG jhdG Q e c jJ YSG AcH ``jhh e
.GQG jhJ jL SCG GSH dG jW Y dG
jdG SG HdG OGaCG Y dGh d ja J a
AYCG ``MCG JG M ,GQ```G SGh J ``bhh e ae
f e ``NBG T e G cH (..) Yjh dG
MCG ``NGO ``jh```dG ``e c J Y (.CG.) ``Y``j L
G e LhN AKCGh ,e jH jG e LG
QJ ,jhg dc 102 Y JRH Yh Y dG dCG
.Y jQ dCG KK e cCH b

He

17

2011 ZG 13 aGG `g1432 eQ e 13 dG

VZ J WdG
dH b L

jDhdG -e
```f``````dG ``` Y ``W``` T ````
IQGOEGh `````e ```a`` ``W```T IO``` b
e ```F``G dGh jd ``e```dG
U (.) I`` Y`` G ````e ``V``` Z ``a
.G
ce J bGdG UJ Jh
OLH WGG MCG e kZH dG WT
e ILCG dG MCG ICGeG L
fG dG KEG Yh ,dG jH eGdG
G CG J M bG EG WdG LQ
OCG IOM IGOCH W Id VJ b Y
.Jah EG
Y WH G G TH ``bh
dG GAG`` ` ` ` LEG Q`` ` `dG ``` Y ``` f``` ` ` ` dG
G EG UdG EG O``b dG dGh
``` M ,``` ` ` ` G ``` ` ` c``H (..CG)
dG Y f jCG IY ie Y Me
bh ,FS jH Q``H``G e Y
S ```dG A`` YOG EG dG MCG
.a dG GAGLEG
H fdG Y WT Jh Gg
hCG dRe ``LC`J ``Y Gh ```WG``G
fd d ``f``LCG UTC fe
Z ``e``bEG dG e hCG ``e``bEG
SdG `````d ````j `` `` `dPh ,``` f``f``b
c ,FGG JQG RG g SG
TG J M jCG Y HEG Y CG
.jd

WdG ae L
G dG J
ej

dG dGh jQdG G H AJQG H

hdG ```dBG ```j z```dG U```NG{


AWC````d j```dG ```dG ````e ```G
GYCG N jQdG gH j eh jQdG
,2010 jO e eG gNBG c ,eG
``H ```MCG Q```c``dG ``` ``a``dG dG M
,dG jRh ,H AeCG FQ dG
AWCG jQJ GTG WCG VGSG dN
jdG dG eb c ,adG H gdG Sh
jQdG eGdG e OY J Ic HS Ia
j M ,dhO gOY OGSGh c H
e ae jW Y dP hdG OYG EG G
Y jQdGh OYG Y aGG W J
.jdG dG I ah Jch
L GH MGGh AWCd G dG Jh
Gc ````dG dG ```Y G``` TEG H ```J
dG ```Y ````dG G ``` ` jDhQ ``````Jh
d CG ``` c .``` dG `` ```````G ```````dG
G dG SDG ``e jdH ``W```JQG
SGh ``b```H `````Jh .``` dG ``e A``` fCG
,dG dG S e dEG Uh ah
dhO 80 e Y 42000 e ``cCG dEG j M
GH ``gQO``c jh .```dG A```fCG e
dGh ,dG jG H ``e ``
CG Y ,``jQGOEGh dG eGdG jJ fCT e
fCG ``MG``Gh AWCd jdG G dG
.1929 Y

jDhdG -e

H jQdG d Y M c dG
aVEH AGG IQSGh GQjdG OJh ,e
Vh gJ dG i``NCG jjdG eGdG EG
.e jQJ e
AGN e GO``Y HS I``a G SGh
cGGh eGdG d dPh ,f jdG dG

dH fdG A``` WCG ``jQ``J G H


beh ,ShCG H hd Ua OjEGh G
M d ,e e G d ce AfEG
jdG dGh G ``H hd Uh
G ``` Jh ,``` dG ````dG ``jQ``` dGh ``````dG
L fdG AWCG jQd SG eGdGh

dGh cCH IgG YY Uj G Z

Ye IYGe Y Uj haGh
dG dG GOY GMGh FdG
fdG S -jDhdG
T CG dG G ``f``LCG ``e O``Y ```LCG
jcDe ,dG UG fMhdH j eQ
eG dch ,dG dGh SJ AjRCH eGdG
eGMG e Hf gh ,FdG eCG dGh cCG Y
.dG d
jSCG ``b```dG f HYEG ``Y h`` aGh ``Yh
dGh fdG H j ```dG edGh dG hQh
eQ dh bh c h dG QGe Y fhj
dG hdG hQ SH e O``Y Tfh .a
OL aJ N e dPh ,OGG e d dG
.G

jDhdG -e
WdG a gCG G YCG
dG H eQ T N J fCG
LGJ ``` M ,A``` ` ` ` d `` ` ` Gh Qh`` ` ` dG
GLeH ```dG d G I``M``dG
W WdG a gCG G eCG
FdG G eCG jdG eQ T
9 YdG e AHQCG j EG dG j e
,GX dGh IMGdG YdG M MU
eh S 40 Y e AdG a j M
.fdG Zh fd a
gCH ``j``` ` d``H ``` ` ` G ``` J ``` c
WS Y YdG Jh QhdG dG
Jh Y H WdG VGeCGh dG
e ``j``b``dGh ``` ` dGh ``j`````d GO`` ` `TQG
`````G G`` gCG J ```M ,``W````dG
H ``W``` ` dG ``V``e `` M `` Y`` dG O`` ` `jEG
JGdG ``` ` ` dG AG`` ` `LEG IQh`` ` `Vh ,``S``` dG
d G dG gCGh ,QGh
cQH jG Jh ,aCG Ff Y
YG ``a``Jh ,QG`` `b ````Uh ``` dG
WdG Ve Yd YGh IYG
dG dSCGh eG aJh ,JFYh
e dG dch ,WdG V jG
G dG dG jd AG``G
.JQGOGh WdH G G
T J G CG cdH jL
YdG IO``j``d ``Y ``c ``e ```a``fh ``H```cCG
WS jV cdh dG WH dG
Yd G e jG Hh gSCGh dG
.WdG e LdG gCJh IYeh

dG ``H G```Y QcdG IOS H


UNd ````dG H dG FdG
AWCd jdG G dG ``e ``ah ``e dG
e adG H G hdG dBG MGGh
.bJ j dG gdG Gce N
j dPh H dhDG e OY AdG M
UGG GAdG V ,G VG AHQCG
adG Vh .H gJ Gce d adG H
dG FQ ``L``g jd Q```c``dG ``e ``c ````dG
hQfG Q``` c``dGh G````H ``MG``Gh A``` WC` d `````G
.jdG dH dG jG SeOH
,YLG ``e jdG Y HS I``a h
Mf e ,hdG ``WCG ``M be Y TG
fdG AWCG Heh d gJ Gce Y
jJ ``d``c ,`````dG ``eG``dG H
J ``dG d ah H jQdG eGdG
H G hdG Rj ,jdG G dG
Vh jdG G``G ``e IO`````SGh ,G
.AWCd ee jQJ J dG jQdG gG
j N Vh be LCG e IQjdG g JCJh
adG e Y Y hCG Y dN e
AJQG fCT ``e ```dGh ,```Gh fCG b

W T

JCGh MG fCG h ,H eYCG a fdG fjdG ``` NG C` H `` eDhCG `` fCGh ``j``b IOGQEG ```d j
dhdG ``g adGh ``f```dG ```JCG CG a ``` SEG
.zJdGh hdG EG ODj adGh
JNEG e fdG j ``fCG LfS ``cCGh .G
GMH IA OhM
Y VdG CG UGh ,gFd FGOCG jh
. GMGh QhS ceCG dGh cCG Y fLCG e jdG h
LCG dP ``Mh ,fd eG eQ T edG
fLCG e dSQ
dG ceCG M GH ej fCG fLCG e jdG
``` U``N ``S``` dG ``H `` G IO`` ` jR GRGQ `````Jh
dbh .hdGh IOG c e j dG Fd eGMG
j CG ITe ,``jQh``G OG`` G ``e d ```dG eGMG edG ceCG L ZCG CG MCG{ :LH
iQCG jM ``cPh .OG`` G ``e dN eQ c ,IAdG AG``JQ``H ``bCG M ,dG dGh Fd
H ``` MCG `````dG ``M````S ``c IAG`` b `````G ``e `` fCG h Fd ``eG``MG FU ``eCG dG h```JCG fCG
FdG f d dG G ,G M ej jdG jNCG CG ``XCGh ,G``HCG dP Yj
iQCGh ,I````H Gbj CG j ``j``dGh ``jQ````G ehdG c Ea ,dG Gg Ghj CG Y FdG
G e S OG aH L b GPEG ``fCG ee CG `` EG ``dh ,```f``eh``dG ```f J CG Y
Gg CG ``a```VCGh .OG`` G ``e ``N eQ j CG
.zd fCG ee e JCJ d SdG
gQh S ```SCG c CG EG OD` j CG fCT e jH GRh CG j fdG CG GRGQ Uhh
j CG AT ,jhP e dG H MG haGdG j f bdG h ,fLCG b e CG
W Iah Y hDe c GPEG ,ISCG OGaCG MCG hCG dGh ``cCG Y jCGh IJdG HG AG``JQG Y
fh .HCG EG e fdG QT a ,gMCG
.QdG YS N edG ceCG NdG
H O``fh IOdG AKCG YdG H G GRGQ FdG ``eCG ``cCG ```MCG ``fCG{ :LfS ```VCGh
.G Y S G dG e IR``` ee ``LCG ```fC ,dG ZH G``gh

e Y J fjH) LH BG dG jDJh
Gh G HW d eQ CG cCG M ,(S 26
ibCG gGJ M jSCG bdG Mf e UN Y
j ``L``H ```Mh .`` ` HhQhCG ``` SCG ``b``Y ``e ```M
jaCc i``NCG hO I``Y ed Fb ``N ``e
QTCGh . Y G``J e C` H ``Lhh jdGh
fLCG ``e```jh e T fdG CG EG LH
e Y S ee CG J M ,``M``J H
.f CG
Ig J fEG (fjH) GRGQ jOL dbh
aVCGh ,dG dG Gd hj ``gh fdG
dG e c AL h dG AfCG L fCG GRGQ
Gfj CG YdGh IdG h SdG dG Mj
d dH jd U AT fCG UGh ,Y g
.dG N
3 e ```Y j a) LS ```j``fCG ``cPh
eQ C dG H Vj CG j ``fCG (GS
.SEG YEG j ``fCG c ,dGh ``G c a
e dh e Z fCH U{ :LS ``bh
fCG ``` c .`````U ``````G ``H ``` j `` `dG ``` ` dG C` ` H
da ``` ` ` dG ``` ` U ``` ` ` ` G ``H`` `` e ``` ` ` e

e dG e cH) QY Y S ``cCGh
dH J eQ fMhQ CG (S 20 Qj e
INCG O```e j ``fEG M ,G````dG e dG
OLhh ```Jh fS G IH QSGh edGh
dH j ```Y ````eQ CG EG Q``` TCGh .```H```H
FGQ Y fedG H EG{ :Y bh .UG
h ,adG ``c YCG ``fCGh dG ``LG``J a
.zY Z fCH hCG g H Ze Z CH GHCG TCG
M ,dG G``g dL ``c L eQ CG ```VCGh
G ``c ```````d ``` ` ` jh `` `MGh O``` c ``` dG `````j
.jNBG WEH G jh gGh
e eQ UN fdG CG M fCG HJh
MhQ CG c ,c Y CG AGOCG MCG Y j h
.QGdG ```Mh ``` Gh ````dG I``g``X fedG
QGdG fY OG`` aCG ``jDh``H JOS ``Y Y ``Yh
FGQ he fCG G Gg UGh ,IQG FdG QaE
c EG MGdG a j M ,jNBd ``G jh
g e{ :Y ``bh . CG Y j ``dG FdG
dG a eSEG h``dG Jge h``dG
INCGh G Y Jh eSEG JGOYh b J
fCH I``NCG N G SQ b eh ,dGh
,idH EG OSCGh HCG H h Yh HY H a
UN dG IgXh GL e dG g Lh
.dG dG

ddGYGaQJeCGIMhh..ddGfedGHGdaUGJdGdGhDT
hCG dG e gCG dG dG
jdG OQG````d ``e```dG ``j``j``G ``j``ah
Gfj dHh ,fdG dG e gCG
HdG dG e NCG gCG QfG
SCG ``e O`` Y `` dP ````J .I`` ` `NCGh
M ``FG``G ``jR``Jh Qd LG
f A``` ` VE `` `dPh ```````dG `` H`` LEG
QG ``jh``Jh Hd dG ``e
.G eH
dGh HGdG dG N e jh
HGdG YG ``a dG Ae S
`` eCG ````e ``j``a ``e ``c ````J ``` dGh
jah ``````dG G``` dG ``j``ah ``` dG
OQGG Jh d edG ``j``j``G
ed edG jjG jah jdG
.fdG BG jah jdG

edG ``j``j``Gh ,dG X ``e```dG


dG g G``MCG AL M ,(jd
iOCG G dG H SMh jb
Hh ,H a dG Q```J EG ``dP
QH FdG LN dG g AfG
dG dG hDT eCG IMh ja
UCG e f (24) Y dH ``dPh
fdG ja e c ihJh ,f (26)
Hbd edG jjG jah fdG
Y dH ``dPh ,```dG cG Y
jjG ja ALh ,e d f (22)
(20) H kdK dG X edG
jd ``e```dG ``j``j``G A`` Lh ,````f
gCj ``d``Hh f (16) H kG`` NCG
dG dG hDT eCG IMh ja
eN ``j``a ``e ``` F``` ` dG ``d``G EG

jDhdG -e
HG da ddG d UGJ
`g1432 d ddG fedG adG
jjH ```d````dG I`` FGO J ``` dG
dG hD```H jdG OQG````d ``e```dG
``jQ``` dG ``c``e ``Y```H ``````dG
QH ,jH dG dG hDT
e ``` X``Gh ``dhD` ` ` G Q``` c ``e O`` Y
hDH jdGh fG GMdG
.dG dG
ae VG AKdG Ae bCGh
ddG ``Y``` ` G ``` d ``` d``` dG ``d``G
hDT eCG IMh) e c a V dGh
,fdG fdGh ,dG dG
`` j`` j`` Gh ,`` H`` b`` ` `d `` e`` ` `dG `` j`` j`` Gh

feQ

2011 ZG 13 aGG `g1432 eQ e 13 dG

18

YLG aG IOjRh IhdG jRJ IOYEG J IcdG


AGdG dd jRJ IO``YEG e IcdG K e EG
G C dP ,YLG aG IOjR EG ODj EG
Ggh ,dG id e YCG dG id Od jG
he g ObG Y hG ObG CGG
ij ``b { :adG `` eEG ```j ,AdG Y k```jCG
dGh { ```dEG dH kY Q```j``dG ``b``G ````dG
.Z EG dH Y G ij b G
gQO S :dG jG OQh YT UCG Gdh
d ``LQ :``b ? ```ch G ```SQ ``j :G``d``b ,`` dCG ``F``e
,c e d LQh ,H a gMCG NCa ,gQO
da ,H a dCG de (W) VY e NCa
.de H J b MGh gQH J
,e jRJ CGe dG Gg IcdG QJh
AZCG H dhO j c) :fBGdG jBG Y J
NG dG AG``gC ``eCG J a .z7G{ (e
Y J ```dG jdG dG a ,I````d ``jR```dG
ddG Y J jdG g AGdG CG ,IdG
g ``e ``` ` dG ````````j A``` ` ZCG CGh ,``` d``G
hdG Xj dG g h ,T FSH ddG
H ``N``dGh Gh`` `dG h`` dG ``Hh ,``S``` dG ``H
jh , YLG RGdG jh idG Ge j
,d fEG EG c) :J b dG Y idG
Ib CG e dG Ojh z7-6dG{ (SG BGQ CG
.M EG UdG Y YJ SS hCG de

Y j e Ggh a e SdGh ,G e
,ce d VN Ach fCch ,e fEG
(a ````````e `````L `` G``` ` fCGh) :``` J `` b
.zjG{
edG :edG G SCGQ Y Vhe J IcdGh
dG Y j :hCGh ,IdH edGh ,dH
G G SCGQ :dGh ,G G SCGQ edG
cCJ Hh ,aGO Y kGc gDY j H
,AdG N e jJ Hh ,GeCG UCG
N gh ,j a AT e fCG eh) :J b
Y G ````U- G ``` SQ `` bh z39C` ` ` S{ (``bRG``dG
.ze e bU f e z: -Sh
,ITe ``H ``eCG ``HQ g dG jg gXh
dG WSH fH MdGh Ad dh
dG ``````dG ``fG``` dGh ````dG ```Y ``F``` dG `````dG
j `` `EG ,`` JO`` jR hCG ,`` ` G `````f `` Y CG ````J
EG OD` J ,I```T```e ``Zh ITe cGJ Q`` KBG H
NdG IO``jR EG K ``eh ,dGh SG IO``jR
ah QKBG g YJh ,QSGh QNOGh IhdGh
H J dG dM CG VGaa ,O Ye
AGQh J dG g J b YG ``g ,YG
b ,``G ```YCG FSh I``c``dG Y G```dG Ye
c G S dGeCG j jdG e) :J
Gh ,M Fe S c h ,HS S fG M
.z261IdG{ (Aj Yj

.dG hCG bEG Gg AGa


:eGY KH IO IcdG jRdG IOYEG Jh
edGh (I``c``dG G`` `eCG) I``c``dG A`` Yh :hCG ``e```dG
.dG :ddG edGh ,IcdG e :dG
G ````V A``` ` ZCG `` `eCG ``e I``c``dG ``ND` Jh
jdG M EG OD`j CG Vj YdG
Lj d kGM g Ea iNBG IQHh ,AGdG Y
kGMh ,I``c``dG ``NCG ``e ``` d kG`` Mh ,I``c``dG ``aO
.IcdG NCH j d
SEG G CG IcdG QhO J Y Yj h

.b Z hCG b
b ,AZCG EG J h AGdG EG IcdG Jh
d bdG { -Sh Y G U- G SQ
a M :iNCG jGhQ h .zS (Ib) Ie d h
.e d h d
,AGdG jc d Sh g IcdG Ea Gg Yh
dCG EG{ :-Sh Y G U- G ```SQ ``b
a (dc) dM LQ :KK MC EG
,FL HUCG LQh , K j M dCG d
e keb j M dCG d q a ,de MLG
j M ,ba HUCG LQh ,Y e kGOGS hCG ,Y
kfa ``H```UCG d :``e``b ``e ``L``G hP ``e ``K``K
,Y e keGb j M ,dCG d a ,ba
.zY e kGOGS hCG
NDJ CG ```j I``c``dG CG EG A`````dG ``G G``` dh
IOYEG ``gQhO E` a EGh ,j `` Jh ,H
```G ````j ``e Q```H ```G ``e ``H ````j ``jR``` dG
kGQhO Icd Ea Gdh ,AYEG Qeh ,NCG YhCG
,YLG dG hCG ,jRdG IO``YEG kSe
.AGdG EG AZCG e
dG bEG f I``c``dG jJ j CG ```UCGh
M g dh ,JcH hCG ```gCG C ,e L
H hCG bEG EG IcdG f ,Od hCG dhd a Rj
bEG gCG c hCG ,hCG bEG gCG SG GPEG ,``NBG
dd J jRdG IOYEG Ea FYh ,LM cCG NBG

jRJ IOYEG G IcR AGOCH JG MCG J


Y a ,G OG``aCG ac Y O``Y H Ih``dG
.Y JG YLG aG
e ``g ``M````UG O``` ` ` bG ``````H ``jR``` dGh
de Baeh FGY e G fEG eGY j
IFa hCG jQ hCG LCG e ,f fEG Y Y Tf
.HQ hCG
e hCG jRdG Y CGj e a jRdG IOYEG eCG
jdG Jh dG ddG Y Tf ,jJ
b g jRdG IOYEGh ,fdG jRdG hCG ,YLG
hdG e dG j H ,AGdG dd J
.AZCG Hh H NdGh GhdG
dG ````dG Q`` KBG ``jR```dG IO`` YEG ```Y ``J``Jh
dG Mh ,QSG GeCGh SG GeCG Y
.OdG bh ,edG QNOGh ,edG
b ,AGdG e NDJ h ,AZCG e IcdG NDJh
G CG YCG :P -Sh Y G U- G SQ
,FZCG e NDJ ,dGeCG bU Y VaG
EG :kjCG bh ,(QdG U) FGa Y OJh
dG aj h (MCG e) Z X Y bdG
GhOCGh ,dG VhYh ,UCG FGM jJ H EG
Gc) :QdG IcR J b ,GSEG hO dPh G
(GaJ h ,OM j M G``JBGh ,K GPEG K e
EG OD` j QdG SG G```SE``a ,z141``` fG{
Y ``dP ``cCG AGS ,kFL hCG kc ,I``c``dG e dG

SCG Y IcR %2^5 GNEG Lj G Qheh dG H


kHQ ``c`````d l ` H``J Anl `` `L `````dG CG ```c
.|n o nr Jo
l HK l ````e ``J``F```a `````dG `` eCG ,IQ``` ` Nh
GdGh SCG H hdG
hCG cdG ``HQ IO``j``H IFdG ``g KCJ
GPEG q EG MU EG dG Oj h ,JQN CG M e GdG Y SCG J
Ol lbh a dG eCG ,cdG J eCG ,cdG e SCGQ e kGAL jo dG
.cdG Y Vb e Al L a dG
.OGd

dG a WdG dG
IQdG ``g G```fCG ``d dG
CG Jh ,dGh dGh QdGh
dh dG NG EGh NdG e
.d eG gKCG J L

gG j a dGeCG cJ
l cs jo PEG
.Je e
gOeh -GdG jHh
kVb e U fEa -S
IQqn o G -d MQdG G EG
f eM a J -d
HQ AGS ,IOq jS Im OjR
.IOq Ie EG N CG g

cJ c
ee ```g G`````dG ``e```J
H `` ` d `` ` ` ` ` G `` ` jr `` ` dG
dG ``d``` G ``` UCG ```` `` `fEG
qp hn ``d ``j``c GdG
e ``j````dG G`` `eCG I``c``c ca ,`q `p ` en
e g IQcG hdHh dGeCG L
VdG Y WhG IO``j``dG CG Me
dh ,````e dG ```j `` ``HQ ``g
rEGp hn } :J dd k eG de ``SCGQ EG d
n hn n ``o `p ``r `Jn n r ` o ` dp Gn ` er nCG `o ` ShoDhQo r `o `n`an r `o `r `Jo

Lh ``G Y ``Mh ,dG H E`a


GPEG ``eCG .(2,5%) ``gh e dG ``HQ G``NEG
EGh Ak G``` Th k```H ``SQ`` ``c````dG ``f``c
dG cc ,JGOLe a Jo Q
a .dEG...S GMh LDJ cT hCG
hdH a HdG ``EGh ,SCG o
cdG dJ EG ``fCG Me e .eG

SCH edG eCG ,YGfCH QdGh


e ``a``J GPEG R````a Ak G`` ` `Th k```H
:ddG hdG HdG dG
eh G``eCG ``ShDhQ QGe ae
.HQCG e Y M
jdG G`` `eCG ``H dG (2
.IQdG VhYh
jdG G`` eCG H ```j CG (3
k Y AGH Ak GS
k e H kGj

:jdG jH
pgdH gdG
o

p dH dGh
o dGh
o p dH o dGh
HdGh
p ` ` ` d``H o ` ` ` dGh
p ````d``H
o
k e ```H kG`` j `````H o ` ` Gh p```H``d``H

.HQCG a OGSG hCG OGR a

fCH -``` ` S ``gO``` eh -``` ` SCG ``` J


M ``` ```g````e ``c```T ``gQ````J ````Kh
eh ,cdG e SCGQ Ye M e
FN I``Y SCdh ,```M ``e j
,bM ``K``h ``````b h``` ` J :``` ` gCG
SCG b QH ge c dhDe ch
MGdG dG Hb Yh ,hGd Hbh
.Fd
cdG ``e `` SCGQ ``` j CG ``dP ``` eh
b ```Jh ,```Y ``jQ ``dCG F kGQ```e
OY ``` j ``````a ,`` ` jQ I``` ` Y `````dG
.S BG IY SCG

SCG M

M EG cdG ``e ``SCGQ J EG


a d FL eCG (SCG J) jhe
kWf SQ gG cdG fc GPEG
j CG Y ,YdG ed d jCG
K J hCG Jh J fEG H kjQ Y LQN Z Jeeh cdG Ve
Jh ,MHQCG e o SCG Ea J GM LJ H YdG HGdG
,JcR ``` a `` `` `dG ``b``dG ``````b dGh Hdc e e eJ h

JcR M

dG Y J I``cdG
R```dG G```HCG ```Jh
,YLGh ``jO``G ``J`````e ``M ```Y
a ````dG ``` ````b Q`` j G`` gh
J b dG dGh G b e
IcdG e M Y dG e GPEG f
Yh `` dG`` eCG ``` Y ``eC` j ``` ` dG ``d``c ,
H e JCj b dG G e f
GNEG CH dG f g e AGdG
AZCG ``e G`` eCG ``g ````fGh I``c``dG
YLG adG Y j AGdG EG
H YLG SdG dj dc dG
.YLG dG
aj CG ``` Jh ``f`````S G ````f
Sh G Uh Vjh j L
.Sh Uh dBG Yh fS Y

GPEG ``EG V dG Ga AZCd


e b ```a i``d SJ G`` eCG iCGQ
GeCG hj SdG e ch SdG
a ,G JjQhV Y d
,AZCG `` ``` ` G ```H```b ``JC` j
ADa dGeCG IcR AZCG iOCG GPEG dh
a IcdG e f JCj AGdG
,G ```J``L``M AG``` T ```Y `` G G`` g
jjCG `` e EG A``` ` dG `` Y ``g``` ` jh
H ,SdG G``eCG bd ge hCG d
Y ````jh AG``` ` dG ``S```f `` dP ``KD` j
AGdGh AZCG H Gh dCG QfG
H o j I``c``dG G``eCG J `` da
JYe `````jh ````Y ````j ````dG

FGdG `` e `` j`` ` dG ``` ` ` G ``` ` j


iMEG ``g ```dG I``c``dG ``cQ J AG``L
``FG``` dG `` g `````Jh ,`` ` `SEG `` `cQCG
eCG CH dG C Ic YLG GK
ISCdh O````d ``N ```a G `` `eGhCG ``e
.dh
IcR jOCH GeCG UCG j eYh
dG e M Y G``g j dGeCG
G ``` X GPEG ``` dG ``````G `` g
a ,YGh OGaCG IM S KDJ
H i``d ```b``NCG e Y j
bdc cS aGfGh G a
H ,``` U``Gh ``e```dG ``````G ``j```Jh
G dH SMEG Y j b fMCG

jdG HG
edG jdG HdG g jdG hD` `dGh bhCG IQGRh J : QdG jY
jFd b FGL jJ Sh ..IcdG M QhJ dGh ,QdG eQ T GW
jf H e HLEG `` J j CG Y ,`` dG `` dG jf Y H`` dG a
:ddc GdG Y dG dG
3232 . U
hQ 112 jdG edG
ShCG N hO a d:-Sh Y G U- G SQ b :Y ddG GDdG
?eGZ dH SdG QGe a bU

:
:
:

19

feQ

2011 ZG 13 aGG `g1432 eQ e 13 dG

eQ HG
Ab a Z QJ fc EGh ,dG
. YCG Gh . ej
MG S Y ````HQCG H U ``Y
Yh Gk fh ,eQ e j hCG
j dH k e UCG fCH ae
e c hCG ``jCG KK EG dP e
? M a ,G J WCG
CG a aCG fCG h ,ej CG Y c
fH Yh ,kL dG ``dP U j
a j Ea ,bQ Y gh , IQc dP
S WEa j E`a ,He jT
JCG `` G EG HdG ``dP ``e Yh ,ke
. YCG Gh .

,LGh eQ U
!!SdG H dh
(4)

,HH ``dG dG j CG EG ZG
?dG j dG CG a
gh kGeY dG NCa dG H MG e
M C , ej IO``YEG edh , eU H FU
e dch ,dG EG dG H e j QdG
Gh . kL UCa dG e kGY ZG NCG
. YCG
T HG e ZG OGQCG ICGeG
CGJ gh dG GPCG S d ,eQ
ZG J h ,gL Y AG H
? ej GPa ,H
AdG ej CG dG gCG H NQ
W b ```L``ah ````SCGQ Z `` cQOCG ``f``c EG

ih`````a
-eQ ````d -```f a db ``e
W H EG j a ,AdG IU Y
,HL HK Lh fG eYh ,dG
? Y GPa
: j , HG e dG EG QOj CG Y
IdG ODj K , zkGe UCG kL UCG e{
IQdG e ZGa Y dGh AdG VhG
Ab ``fCG ``LG``dGh , ` dG W H ``dh `
dh ,```Y ``Z ```Y k```L ````UCG ``fC , Y
Y Z e cCG CG e , cCG e TCH HG
. YCG Gh . dG j
Wh dG GPCG H MG fCG T LQ
qNCGh eQ Qf MG ``NBGh ,dG

SdH BGdG fedG HG fG

SG

SG M
VG Fd K d ,AedG jCG
H ,``gOhCG eCG hj jdG A``HBG Y
d Ghj CG gOhCG e j jdG
cS Y ``dP ``KCGh ,G````dGh ````dG
.FHBG eh jdG QeCG e JaJh
bh SCG ``j``G UGf dR h
Qf Q`` ` aEG e ``S``` dG ````H
.QY Z e eQ
AD` ` g ````H `` `bh ````S ``` j ``` a
MCG GhCGQ GQ``` ` U G``f``c ``e```Y ``` fCG `` dP
ICGeG hCG ``LQ ``c AG```S I``` SCG Q````dG
id j bh ,eQ Qf j gh
je j C`c ;``dP QY G Gg
M b j hCG ,Q```aEG d j Ve
QaEG UGa a ```aCG ``bh ,S ``e
H ICG`` G J hCG ,````dG j eY
hCG ````dG ``dP ```dh ,``S````dG hCG ````G
j h``` ` j `` `gBGQ ``e ``` Y `````dG
YT GQY jd CG j h ,dP S
CG UCG j ``fCG hCG Q```aEG d j
dG ``` dPh ,Q``` aE` d e ```g
BGQh YT Qd QaEH b dG dG
dP ```aE QOj dG dG dP
b d fCG e X ;eCH dG
eaEG hM d fCG hCG ,dG e Qj
j Q hCG ,eCG Gg e Yj b
,QeCG ``g e H j dG CG
Je Yh ,dG dP gEG H hCG
b dG Q``KBGh OHCd ``cGQOEG d eCH
.dP Y JJ
Qd aCG ``dG dG dP j ``bh
eY gT b dG dP CG Mj
dG dP CG dG a ,j c
e `` `cCG ``g `` BGQ ``e `````J h``` j
Y Oj bh ,jHCG MCG c EG UNh
;dG H M e jh `` eCG G``g
e ``gO ``e d :``Y````dG ```j c ``fC
.GOJ
QY ``j``d `` dG ````dG ``dP ```Y ```a
QaEH j CG QaEG d j YT
c GPEG UNh ,dG dP eCG
d uo` a d eCG SG dG dd
QaEH j EGh ,cQGe Qbh S
,WCG ``e ``MCG a Y j e
fc gY I``YG``e Q````dG ```Mh ``H
W `` eCG Q```aE`d ````VG ``dh .```F```U
H eaEH ``b``dG ``dP j ``fE`a
dP `` c EGh ,````Y`````j ```j```H `` `eCG
a ``eCG Yj CG j dG
Y Ia H dh M dP eaEG e H
IQU J Q PEG ,dd JGQb gDJ e
-dG QaEG CG BGQ dG G dP
,M Y j a Y SGQ
.M cS Y S KDJ dHh
CG `` `gh ``` f ``` Lh ``` g ``` J `` `bh
jdG ``` WCG `` eCG Q``Y ``j``d ``e j
M Q`` ` `eCG `` g ``` e ``` a ````````j
,dG MCG H Y jH j
eCG ,FU WCG ADg j GPEG Gg
gOd eeCG j a FU Gfc EG
c dh M jNBG Ye IYGe Y
eeCG ```aCG EGh ,Q``` aEG Q``Y jd
,dG ```Y a `` NB hCG `````d
id YJG Yh ,jG ehe Yh
a EG YO ``e GPEG JGd hCG dG
.
SSCG d jG SQ e *

dG M H dh SdG

H HG g j hCG e SG fC dP
.dG BGdG MQ h JeR
MCG G :G dU H Pe j
g cQTh AG``LCG I``Y ``Lh ``Y G c ``e
dch ,dGh AGSEG IQS ie Y HG
ie ```Y ```H ``cQ```T I``j``Y ```H````e ``` g
d ``c Gh ``gCGh ``HCG J Gh SQe
G MCG CG WGh BG d Uh c QhO
.dG ie Y HG cQGh ec
e CG :dG ge H Y H j
Jje Y ddG J HG g
Y GTCG N e Lh Y G c M
Y ``ah``` G I``J``` SCG ```b ``e ```H````G ``g
CGh dN e Gc fh jdG ie
.eG cGG iMCG Y G

.G c IhJ Y ie GP e OLh
d gQM jdG O H ACG Jh
d f ``fCG dG dG G``g HG
GNCG e L dG IdG I``G ``ZQh ``gCG
fc I``F```dG CG EG dG h````dG ``g ```d
cQTh VGh c VaCG e Lh Y
c M UGhCG Sh Y AL M HH
.Lh Y G
e SG :jdG OM H ShOa J
jh dG BGdG IhJ HG g N
`````G ```J ``` dG i`` `NCG Q`` `eCG ``e ``j``` dGh
H a Y ``YEG EG H Gh ,JY
jGdG IOOe c HG g dG
M ,dG Qh``dG gCd ``c dh H dG
Y ``fG h H G```fG Y H G``e``b

gGe Jh dG Sf dG Q``J fCG


fCG g HG g e gCG dh JGQbh
jj `` ``e```SEG jH ``d```dG aK SJ
.H
e dG J ```S HG ``g :``H```jh
BG``` dG ``e AG`` LCGh Q```S M a A````TCG
H dGh jO a cCG ddG YS
fFbh IG ``g SGf g ``dG Sh G
G Gg Y j MWh HQ PEH G EG
.dG e cCG OGYCG cQ Ma
EG :He gdG M H GhdG Jh
dG b e Gc bEG J dG Gg HG
dG dG SG Y j M ,ddGh
g Y FdG d ``ah M d e ``g ``
dc H dd eRdG dG c HG

IQOf jQe ..ddG e

HG SdG OH adG dG J
HdG ````d ``` dG G``` dG ``` ```f````e``dG
dWh dW 460 e ``cCG cQ GdG Y
EG HG Jh ,je N Y YRe
jdG AHC dH Oj eQ jCG SG
eQ T e OdG SCG M J dGh
.QG
:HG Y G QdG dU j
AHC dG dG jCG S HG J
M `````H ````a ```a````dG `` LCG ``e ``j``dG
g Qj M ,jG G c
``e dWh dW 460 ``e ``cCG HG
dH hCG jce Y ``YR``e ``j``dG i``b
G `````e ``` dGh ``fE` d ````S``dG O`` f
dO HG ``g e ebEG EG ```VCGh Qcd
d fd dG BGdH gG Y
g e h G adGh G Y
Mh GdG bh SGh LCd c HG
EG Ge .dG BG```dG FGdGh dG
dG aQ dG QhdG HG d CG
g ``bh JEH dG BGdG e AG``LCG g
QcdG e VG G``YCG Gc bEG HG
.fEGh
G ````G ```U``f ``H ``````S `````jh
gCG J :G d HG Y
RJh ddG T J fCG HG
hdGh Gh A``NEG hQ Q``Jh jdG HGH
e aJh ``N e dG H
HdG dG g c ,HG g
H QGG SJh adGh QcPCG Od Ua
dP EG ```VCG ,``j``dG i``b ``e ```dG

jRQ H fi H GY dG edG
dG VGG ..ejdG
fY YG

``Le
-G M - G S H SHb dG dG MU I UG dG Y ddG e AfEG
fL jW SGH G MS EG NdG jh ,bdG G H edG dG b QGhO QGH G jh
.dG dG SG d G Ofh dG dG dG SG c EG ODG jdG e e
.1992 SQe e 27 aGG `g1412 eQ e 23 G j aGh ,1992 aGG `g1412 Y DhH cG bh
m ` ` ` e (53500) G`` ` ` ` ` ` ` M `` ` ` ` ` ` `d`` ` ` ` ` ` `LEG `` `` ` ` ` M`` `` ` ` ` e `` ` ` ` `` ` `J `` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` VQCG `` ` ` ` `` ` `b `` ` `` ` ` Y `` ` ` ` `` ` `` ` `G `` ` `` ` ` H
-:`` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `dG `` ` `` ` ` ` ` ` dG `` ` `` ` ` Y `` ` ` ` ` ` ` dPh , m`` ` ` ` ` ` `` ` ` `e (1500) G`` ` ` ` ` ` ` M `` ` ` ` `` ` `` ` `` ` `S`` ` H `` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` j `` ` ` ` m ` ` ` ` `H`` ` ` ` e
`` k` ` ` ` ` ` H`` ` ` e kG`` ` ` ` ` ` `e (557) `` `` ` ` ` M`` `` ` ` ` e `` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` Jh `` ` ` ` `` ` `` ` `G `` ` ` ` ` ` `NGO `` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` F`` ` dG I`` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` dG `` ` ` Y`` ` ` b .`` ` ` ` H `` ` ` ` `` ` `` ` `G `` ` ` ` ` ` `bhQC`` ` ` ` ` ` `H `` ` ` ` d`` ` ` ` ch ,`` ` ` `Y`` ` ` `` ` ` ` dG `` ` ` ` ` ` ` NGO `` `` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` e (800) `` ` ` ` `` ` `` ` `` ` `S`` ` H `` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` j
.`` ` ` ` ` e (700) `` ` ` e `` ` ` ` ` cCG `` `Y`` `` ` ` ` ` ` jh k` ` `` ` `H`` ` e kG`` ` ` ` ` e (630) `` ` ` M`` ` ` ` ` e `` ` ` ` ` ` Jh `` `` ` ` ` ` ` G `` ` ` ` ` U eG G Gd eSEG HdG P SdG dG Gd e c DhfEG bh AdG e H e (600)Od j ,He m e (300) GM Me Jh bdG HG jhGdG Gg AdG e jh ,dG
.e
EG ``a```VEG ,``F``LQCG ```fBG```dG `` jBGh ```e```SEG Q``N``dG J M ,IQO`` f jQe G j
G ``e U ``bh ```dG BG``` dG IAG``b eh ,```G ``Y k a ,```LQ``Gh ````NG``dG IA``` VEG G````
edG dG VH -G M - G S H SHb dG dL J M ,jH f Y ``N``G
-:ddG UdG Y d Q````G dG jh H ```U``G Q``N``dGh dG ``e ``j```dG Y
.`` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `VQCG `` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` S `` ` ` ` ` ` `e kG`` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` e (44^2) G`` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` M `` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` Y`` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` JQG `` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `` ` ` ` `jh `` ` ` ` ` f`` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `G .b `` ` `Y kG`` ` ` e (19^5) `` ` ` Y`` ` ` JQGh kG`` ` ` e (11^5) G`` ` ` M `` g`` ` `b `` ` S`` ` e `` ` ` `jh `` ` ` ` F`` dG `` ` `` `dG G fL Y IYCG j dG J Jh FdG dG fH b (23) gOYh YdG dG .MG HG VQCH GQdG e NBG OY EG aVEG ,IQS .kHe kGe (480) GM Me Jh

T e eG G d ejdG jRQ H H GY jR HCG edG dG dh


bh ,NCG G S Y bGdG J ``JOh fch ,`` g1301 S e QG eQ
AGHEG h .dG BGdG H ej M bdH AGHEG EG Yh HCG e fG dh ..``cREG
dG hj OGLCGh DhHBG ch ,Wh gJGh cREG EG fG K Y jY Ha HCG
.cREG EG S L e fG K d Wh NCG G b
NGO gf ,AG EG Of h dG de e NCGh fCG f c) f Y dG j
..dG NGO Y f bh gWCG cJ dG GG e T hCG QM fLh ch dG
H HdG IH EG gJ CG eEG jeCG MCG d : Fb jTG MCG eCG j GPh
.(FdG a EG gJ CG eEGh ,dG jdG Qf edG dG e dG d bdG
Y NCa dG jdG Qf ``eEG Y eY j Y J M bdG EG jR HCG LJ
dW M c Qb d UCGh eJ cCG e QUh ,Yhah dG UCGh HdG dG UCG
.d JJ
dPh jQd g bCG M ,``g1328 Y dPh ,``cREG Wh EG jR HCG LQ dP H
.(bdG S H dG) gcCG Y L jj Y a QGG
AH Y dGh UCG K cREG jh Y AdG UhG TGQ H S eEd jR HCG J
AH jh Y bCG G eEG EG eeEG QU Mh ,TGQ H S eEG Iah M Xh
.eY KK GM Hh AdGh jdG Xh Jh
Nh ,gh dG UEH Yh LG ``YQ :AH ``jR ``HCG edG ```YCG ``eh
G H e dWCGh G AGa IH bh ,Ld GH KK q Yh ,QHBG Y j eY
dG b QRh ,e H CfCGh eH eCGh aCG YQh ,dG G AKCG AdG bh
dG GfCG eh ,G d UN f FN QRh ,b d e NCj fCG Y G d
Je H G H Lh bh ,UUQh S e G dBG AGH bh ,f BG S iNCG
.be c e a

dG V JQG Veh dG
FdG d Qh``` ` dGh ````S``J````d ```S```SCG
dG jh - JG ``dG V d eh
,WEG Y SJdH FGdG QO````G ```ZCG
IdGh ``` ` dG ``` T G`` ` `SEG `` Y ```j ```c
adH dY ``Hh````G ```a ````eQ Ae
Ic ``` ` c ``` ah ``` dG QGQOEG EG OD` ` j `` `dG
Jh ``` ` dG `````d Qh``` ` dG `````d```dG ``e
d kG``L ``g dG dG EG .``dG V
dG V ``` JQG j ``H ``d``c ,`` dG V
.W ``e ```d`` ````S```G `````dG IQ``` ` G `` NCG
eYEG eGdG b
dG YEGh dG IFGO

H dhJ jd gh dG Je hCG
e YL CG H j h QdG Hh QaEG
Y cCdG jh . bGeh ``dG V Sb
b W hH JG dG je FdG
YCGh dG ``Y ````dGh ``g``dG b ```G
Gh G WCG h .NdGh gG
QaEG I``F``e ```Y ``jO``` ` d``H `````dG `` ` `WCGh
G ````WCG ``` Y ```j ```c .Q``` ` Sh
GaEGh dG Xh Y ``KD`J ```dGh ,``g``d``H
jCG ``cD` fh ,d OD` `j ``b `` dGh ````dG
cGdGh GhG``` ` G H ````gG IQh``` V Y
QG a ,fedG JLh ``e SSCG GA``L

YJ gQhH dGh dG fCdGh JQG


M ,i``NCG jG G```TD`Gh ``dG V K
e ``d```dG ``` dG ```H ``V````fG `````dG CG``` j
c ,YSCG H dG Vh EG Ojh dG
V j dG aGj dG R``dG UfEG CG
dG CG EG aVEH Gg ,Xe IQH dG
J gZh dGh jhGdG IU e dG
. JG dG V N
hJ Y UG dG V JQG j H
IQe ``e `` H G`` d ````f``H ``H ``` U``G `` ` jhOCG
J c M dG AH b G dG
Ie NDJ dG jhOCG e eY Hh AGhdG

W f
cCG ```e``G ``VG``eCG ``e ``dG V ``` JQG
e OGO`` `J J `````fh ,```````dG kGQ``` ` ` fG
EG `` dG ````V ``` JQG `````jh .``` ` dG ``` ` dG
HSCGh hCG `` dG ````V ``` JQG hCG :``Y``f
SdG jh jGdG Jh dG EG LJ
dG V ```JQG ```dGh .``Y ``` HQCG Y ``a
,dG VGeCG hCG ,feg eCG HSCG Jh fdG
JQG oj bh. dG V Me j hCG
.dGh ,dGh ,dH IN GQk GVCG dG V
dG h``M Ua ``e ``dG V ```JQG jj
j dG EG .dG Ve QX hCG ,ZedG
Y ````j ````d``a `````dG ```V``e ```Y Q``` V CG

20

jQJ GSG

2011 ZG 13 aGG `g1432 eQ e 13 dG

(11-6) jQdG dG GSCG MQ

TdG fOQCG G SCJ Y M gT ..jQdG S


,Y ILGG GSCG Ic e dh
bEG UCG ,G We gQfGh
QMEG EG SdG Gh dG Y V
.S Y jb ceCG e Jee
AHCG ``` ``` dG ``b``` dG `` g ``` ` j
bdG{ `H ,H j dG hdGh dG
e IQ`````SG EG Q````dG C```j PEG ,z`````G
Hf ``eCG G``g{ ,H H e ej
GYCG e L ```dG I````dG G ``e
.zjW
QdG `` `j`` `cCG CG EG `` ` g `` ` ` jh
Qc ``e ``g ``jQ````dG ```S ``j``LG```G
,dG G`` g GQ``` J Gh``` ` T ``j``dG ````dG
.FHBG Y G GKQGJ e g bdGh

dG Ge
G Q``` ` SCG ``` ` dG ``H `````J ``e
QSCG ``e ``fQ``` ``H ``` J ``` dG ``F``````d
.gQSCG JQGh iNCG GSCG IOLG
c GhO`` ` ` N `` ` ``M``` U `` `g ``` j
H e dGj e SdG{ :WG
Gg j e c hj fC jQdG
.zdG
I``LG``` G ``` G ``M````e U ``eh
``dG dG ``c``dG CG ``jQ````dG ```S
a aj H QeCG Y Me jJ
JQH HdG j eCG Ggh ,j e c
. IY Gd dG e ed
jQS `` e ``` Y``` ` H ``` ` dG OQ``` ` ` jh
Y G``` c `````NG Q``` ` SCG ```d ,``` ` dGh
dG QSCG JQG PEG ,HdG Y fc
Y `` KCG `` ,kG``` c ``W```G ``e``````eh
.Y SdG bEG
EG C` ` ,``` ` dG ``` G ``e ``j```dG
M e dG ccdG jJh jdG
Y a ``e ,edGh GQ```j``dG
.H TG dG bGdG
`` ` ` `jQ`` ` ` `` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` dG `` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `S `` ` ` ` ` ` ` `j`` ` ` ` ` ` ` `cP
S Q`` ```jh``j ```dG ``j``c``dG ``gCG ``e
JdH k`W`` ``c dG CG ,jQdG
Y J fc ```dGh ,G AG````G
c A`` G CG ```M ,``` Y S ````L ``W
Y fch ,fG hOh IQGH a j
SCGQ e h ,hY OGh e J A``G
fc c ,SH G S dG dG
.`` jQ`` G `````S ``` H A`` `G ``` Y ``` g
dG IQG GQ``j``dG kjCG QdG cjh
hCG G``` Y ````SD`G ``` G ```H ``` j ``c
GY H ``W G dch ,G H
hQh`` j AD` ` gh ,`` W ``H ````G ``` Gh
ch SdG GMCG hjh jQdG S
fch .``` ` S``` G ``e ```c Q``` ` dG ``e
jY IQH a J WdG MG
.jQdGh dG bdG a iOD`jh
kb HG I```YCG CG QdG cj c
G O``e``dG IO`` e G`````S``H A````J ``f``c
W G QT GW AJ fch ,RdH
j CG EG GZQ b H e dGh
.G G MS

.jQJh ```j``G IQ`````H ```J``J fd


NdG Q`` ` ` ` `` ` `SCG CG `` ` `jR `` ` `` ` ` VCGh
Q`` ` `` `SC`` H `` fQ`` ` ` e `` ` ` ` dG `` ` ` S`` dG
`` F`` H`` dG `` `a`` `J `` `` ` j`` `G G`` ` ` ` ` ` ` SCG
. ``` ` dG `` ` `Sh `` e ``` ` ` d``H QG``` ` ` S``d
gQGSG jQdG S Q cDj Hh
,gOGLCGh FHBG Y gKQh dG e
OMCG ``` aQ ``e ``````N ``````H i`` `HCG
.FHR VfG GPEG S ,G g SG
H ``` ` e `` ` `j `` ` `dG ``c``` ` G `` `eh
dG dG EG ehb Y UTCG
,dG ``f``` H ``` c``G ``b``d `` jQh`` G
VJ ``` f``` eEG `` F`` H`` dG ``` Y ``` ` ` Hh
dG aj e dZ fEa ,dd
.hdG Y
QdG ee
jQdG ```S ````dG j ``e `` cCGh
g UCG a QdG eJ M ``g
H jW G`` YCG i``e Y ``jOh ``b``Y
CG ``` b `````W `` a`` ` jh ,`` F`` H`` dG `` `Hh
.fMCG j
c ``e``` d``H ``Sh``` dG ``` h
j dG ch ,jQdG S e NCj
G j M ,SdG e kGjT keMORG
.XcG Id a

RG G`` fCG ``ch jdG bCGh G`` KCG


H j eh ,OGdG eeh dGh
WG
EG ```NO ```dG I``j``G ``F`````dG ``eh
dG G``` ` ` ` ` ` e ;``jQ``` ` dG ``` S
GhOCGh ,```YG``fC`H FdG GQG``````cEGh
Jh ,``` d``L``dG ``f``d``` ` ` d `` b`` G
. G gQSCH
LGJ ```Y ``U```j O`` ` `YCG ```S``e h
a ``eCG ,Jeeh ``` WCG ```dCG
GQGcEG ``LG``J Y Ua dG
.HGh dG FdG

dG Ife
Y A`` ` `` `dG `` ` `` `dG O`` ` `j `` ` `` ` `dh
OD` `j ```a ``j`````dG ``j``````dG ``` dG
GSCG ```g `` eCG ````dG ``VG```f ``dP
.idG
e d dG QdG SdG jh
e jdG AfEG H Y bEG LGJ
,UdG Th Shh Z idG GSCG
.jG G``` SC` d Q``` ` dG Q``` c ``` ` fGh
OGhQ `` ` MCG `` ` ` G `` `jR `` ` cCG ``` ` M``f `` e
SdG CG `` b `` HQ ``` e ``jQ``` ` dG ``` S
,S ``bG```SCGh ```Y Ud ```dG

`` ` dhCG `` ` MCG ``` ` M `` ` Y ``` `` ` j


MQ HRhCG e M L EG :QdG
QGRh ,VG dG e KdG e M
QNGh ,edG dP G IOc SdG
dG ````dG ````SD`jh ,``` Y j CG
.jdG H J
a ``` J ``b```S ``` ` SCG `` L CG `` ` `VCGh
dG G``fCGh dG QMCGh LG
IdG `` ` `H `` ` `` `` `G ``` ` ` ` ` ` ` j `` ` `dG
.YGfCH SdGh
l
jM
T
q CG EG be dG Hh
Ra IQY EG dG f gHh ;dG
G ``H```e ``W ``` G Q``` T ````G
.G
IQY kb G Ra IQY fc M
dG ``aG``` dG ```a ``j````J ``b ``N ``Y
h G``f``c ``j``dG Q``` ` dG ``F````H ```
OH EG HdG IjG e ,Y j
fc Y je CG M ,dHh dG
.jdG Gg Y G gCG e

dG YH
Y , 26 e dG Jh
eh GhO`` ` `Gh ``W``` G RG`` ` dh ````dG
RG`` `dh ``` ` NG``dG ``` ` ` dCG ``` N ``````V
dCGh jGdG Y c ,bG
dG Q``` MCGh QdGh GQG``````cEGh
JcdG GQGcEGh ,HH UG
`` ` `dG`` Gh `` ` `` `dGh `` `SG`` `YC`` `H `` ` `U`` G
dG ``e ``Y````e G`` ` fCG ``d``ch ,O`` `G
jGRGh dG jOU Jh bdG
TCGh jGh Gh SdGh
,QdGh dGh ``L```G ``e
e bdG SG BG EG ``a```VE``H
OdGh dGh dGh dGh HHdG
RJ ```dG dG ``gh z``cQ``G{ ``d``ch
c WG ch ,G TCG Y
Gh ,``` e``` MC` H `` ` HEG ``` e ``W``` G
HdG jdG RG`` dh HHdGh

fOQCG UdG dG Sh MR
S H ,G G Hj ,Y
cG ``` ` dG G`` g ``` jh ,jQdG
Ud `` ` dG Q`` ` ` dGh O``` ` ` bG
MS He V ``bR h ,Y ```fOQCG
ceCG ``cCG ``e j ,G G
gh ,`` ` `fOQCG `````G ``S```d``H ``X````cG
Y e e jh ,OQCG S bCG
.a QdG G d kGf ,,jdG
dG Q`` `` ` T `` ` `` `dG `` `` ` Sh `` `e `` `
````e ```e ````f``L ```Y ``LG```j `` dG
cdGh gGh G e ch,jG
GQGRdHh aGdG h dG TQhh
fLCG dG Y aj dG bdG
.jQJh Th dG aK J dGh
,ehdG QG g IOLG G eh
TdG MdGh ehdG jQdG eh
...gZh WdG Y eh
N ``e I```c gCG dG cGh
ed `` H`` ` `G `` ` `` `JG`` ` `SG ``` ` b``e
MG ````e ``f``c ``` M ,``` ` ` ` G
HG G MS HS J WdG
dG IQjH j SDG G ch d
.MG H
SCJ jGH SCJ jQJ Jjh
dG Ojh ,1921 Y OQCG bT IQeEG
GJ h fc dGh d dG d
UdG SCJ ``jQ``J Y gGdG ``MCG
EG ``jQ````dG ```S b O``` Jh .`` ` `fOQCG
QdG jdG c SCG eY 1934 Y
Y `` G ``f```e `````SG `` dG ``` ` dG
.1942
Q EG f f SG dG cG
e iQH je e OQCG EG ``JCG jdG
kH OQCG EG GhLg jdG h ,HRhCG
GhDfCGh ,.```e```SEG h`` dG `` eCG ``Y
e `` ``Y IQ``` Y ``f``c ``` dG ``` ` dG
QdG be IG dGh jdG
kdM

UCG G JjcPh VG EG
dG GSCG MQ zjDhdG{ J
e Gk AH UJ e a e H ,jQdG
G dG GGh AdG J
EG Uh ,dG QG AdG M
MQ .VY jWh VhG FdG
dG id QdG j T
f INdG dG dG g
HdG GSCG HJ M ..bdG
jG GQG ,UJ dG
,dgd cG q dG Gq Gh
e YH VJ dG ccdGh
h Ggh He e LG
QYh bCGh jhj KGJ e
.jJ jH GQGcEGh WCG dCGh
OQG GSCG hj G g h
jQJ Y e a e H ,jQdG
g h GSCG g jQJ hj GJh
.OQG GSG EG f G

dG GY H MCG
ahmedalkindi@hotmail.com

QKfd jW GSCG ..GGh GQGh dG


EG iOCG ,dG Y G G
IaGdG dd ce EG ce
Ud jGhQ TCG dG S cP
g ``f``ch ,G`` jEG ``j``dG S :OQCG
OQCG HdG dG e SQJ dG
e dG ``dPh ,``j``f```dG Md
.jdG dG
G ``` ` ` G ``f``` H ``` ` dG ``` j
q Y je dG S q jh .dG
dG ,``` ` c``cO ```e````Jh IO``` ` G ``b``b``H
.G e Y J
bG ``L ```Y ``JQ```H j ```c
FGdG UCG L Y FGM kGf
`` ` ` SCGh `` ` ` dGh `` cG`` ` `dGh Q``` ` ``c
EG dG KCG Ndh ,L e jdG
.iNCG L e e M
SGh ``` ` ` d``H ``` ` ` dG ``` S q ` ` j
j ``` M ,`` ` ` eQ ``` ` T ``j``j``` ` dG
e IQ``` ` H ````F````H ``V```H ``` F``` dG
cGdGh Q``` ` G ``` J``j ```M ,````f``d
-bQdG Q````G ``T``jh ;e jH
dGh ``` ` dGh I`` H`` ` `dGh ``` fh``` ` d``c
AH ;```Gh ``L``Gh O```T``dGh NCG
.Ik Qfh kf Y d
,dG ej kb dG Q c
dG ScCG Sd K Ge g dGh
UCG ````e ``f``c ```c ,``` ` dGh R`` `dGh
RdH ```J ,`````e IQ````H BG ```J ```dG
dGh jdGh Ih``Gh dG :e
.dG
H J fc kb UCG CG c
.H kjCG BG Jh ,G ZCG
Sh :gh iNCG GSCG dG Sh h
,QG Sh ,QhdG OGh Sh ,G
,G Sh ,G Sh ,dG Sh
,fCG Sh ,IOdG Sh ,ZdG Sh
Sh GG Sh jG AdG Sh
. edG

H G``e``b ```M ,``q ` Y ```j``e ``b QG``` T


,G jG bG EG G``ZQ
EG ``jO``J``G OG`` `YCG ``````J EG iOCG ``
.dG
,GQdG cd bGe OLh Y *
.dG OJe OGYCG J EG iOCG
J ``f``c ``` dG `` F`` ` dG I``` g *

IQY BG dG e ``cC G dG UCGh


.cGdGh Qd Hh GSCG Y
Z Q````dG Q`` ``e ````dG ```j
WG EG dG Ghg a ,dG OdG
ch .q Y Th Z TdG jQdG
:dG Gg EG OCG dG SCG e
Y CG``W dG fGdG jdG *

dG ``j```J a ```j e ``YO`````e


kHS ``` ` dG CG ```c .``` d``` ` dGh RQCGh
:e jdG OG``G H ke ``c
.GGh GQdGh ddG
EG ``N``J CG`` `H ``e``dG Qh`` e ``e ``` dh
a ,dG IO``e Z IjY UCG dG
;dG Gg Lh j CG dG j

dG VQCG de EG k f SG GH q S
ccdG AH a ;dG FY EG j
.gLCJh VQCG g Y
H ``q ``S ````dG CG ```j ``e ````eh
J ``f``c ```dG ````S```SCG IO`` G C dG
````dG CG ```M ;`````dG ``g k` ``b ```a
Y IQY c jdG dG e dG

fOQCG UdG jQdG GSCG e


CGj ````S``e ```S ``gh GQ`` G ```S ```Y
je T ``N L ``j ``c YSCG
HGQ jS J ,HcCG T jh
M j KGJ S g .Y L S
.q Y ``` fOQCG UdG ```Sh ```Y L
.dG a ``N I```H dG O``J``j
dG FdG jYQ dG Gg j
dHh G H Y eCG d
dG Gg f GC H .idG Y feCG e
.2005 Y Se
QdG Y egG ````dG G``g ``c``j
dGh `` H`` ` `dGh ``` ` G ``` ` ` ` dG `` ` `dGh
JYGHEG fa I``Y Vj PEG dG
h `` J`` ` `` `eh `` M`` d `` e `` ` `g
TCG ``J```Vh```e ``e ``` ch .````S```fh
jCG ``` a `` L`` jh .GQG`` ` `` `` `` `cEGh `` jh`` j
c .Th FZ M ebE Me
.bT eh L WCG e j
IFGdGh G FdG dG Gg j
.OQCd
j `` I``` SCG 40 ``e``b
CG ````H ``` Y ``f``eC ````VG``YG ````dG
b OGhQ H CGh ,LYREG d j dG
.GRhdG H Y GebCG
dG S
dG Sh j ``b T S ``g
.1957 S EG AH Ojh ,Y j
Y IQ`` ` `Y `` S`` ` `SCG ``` ` ` dG ``` S `` `ch
k jY
,IQdGh jdG OGG J
c .`````bCG j ``` G ``e b ````bh
cT :``` ` dG G```d `````SD`G `` gCG ``e CG
jdG Qf ``h ;jQdG aY QM
;dG ``jQ````dG ``c````dGh ;````G
h ;IRhQO jHh Y h
.dG
J S J dG AGQBG Jh
dG CG j e a ,SG GH dG

feQ eGQO

2011 ZG 13 aGG `g 1432 eQ e 13 dG

YGPG efH

..````YGPEG
AYh NCG IG
jDhdG -e
GdG WQG AL
Q`` ` `G ``` ` eQ ``` ` ` d
c ``` Y ``````S `` ` YGPEG
,HdG ``eG``dG I``FGO e
BG`` `` ` dG `` `e`` `f`` `H I`` ` ` ` `FGOh
`` eG`` H I`` ` ` ` ` FGOh ,`` ` `` ` ` dG
SO ```Lh d dG
fedG `` `eG`` `dG `` e
`` ` YGPEG `` ` KCG `` Y ``Y``` ` G
Lh `` e`` ` `a ``` ` ` ` ` dG
,YLGh ,jO feQ
A`` Lh ,``Y``` ` e ``` a``` Kh
,GhPCG ``` ` L `` ` `V`` d
gdG G a
IG ``` ` ` ` ` e `` e`` b
dCJ ``e ,AYh `` `NCG
,`` KQ`` G ``` ` j G`` ` ` NEGh
N ga e ``gh
JM ``` ` VG``e h`` ` `` `j
G`` G `` H Qh`` `J ``` e``j
J `` ` fG`` ` L `` ` `b`` ` `Jh
VGQCG AGTh H ,H
EG .````VG``G ``e ``g``Zh
gCG ```Y j ``fCG ``f``L
LddG ``e IO`````SG
``f``fG ``` e ``` j``G
jCG ``YGPEG Jh ,JM
QN ```e```dG G
dG jh ,dG
O`` ` `Gh `` ` `Gh ``` ` dG `` Y
G`` MCG ``N ``e `````G
S ```````T `` Y ``` ` J
Id HZ ``c ``dG
j ``Mh ,```j``W ````eR
i`` j `` H`` ` `` `` `dG `` ` `J `` `e
cJh ``` J `` b ``J``` SCG
,OGh ````dG ``e ````dG
G`` MCG `` N ``e h``` ` a
JYO ``j```e```dG ````dG
,jL `` e `` ` `` `dEG IO`` ` `` `d
G`` NEGh ```dC`J ``e ````dGh
.G Y H O

zjh j{ e HCG j zQ````dG Y {


eG jQe - jDhdG

jh j

a jJ

jh .(`` `HQCG) H G ```eCG ``jh ``j e Y ``W


YLG jdG e dG j Jc e ``jh j e
WGG e MJ G b b .jec jH bjh G
G e jb T e j dY Ige f Mh
.fdG dG ee h

V .(``j``G) G```Y a ``j``J ``e G M J


YLG jb W dN j ,(M 30) e e M
de dCJ ``e G ,NS ec ``d``b Jo IUe
p
ja ``d```Hh G``` dG ``` G`` NEG , HdG `` eCGh G
Aahh , FdG H ,b e M R``Z ,``YR dU ,N
Oh GQ``eEG e ``eCGh jdG e e A``ahh TdG
Z H dG e c G j c .jQS e G
VjdG dGh jdG e UdG eCG fdGh ,jOdG e
cQe EG aVEH . G d T c G Y
YhQG Y e eGQdG hCG Id J IjL fY Lh
.G eGQ UdG

b efH

G) b Y a jG he zb{ efH eCG Ae Y W


dh G`` NEGh ````dG ``d```U Q```c``dG ```Jh ```dC`J ``e ``e``f``d``a (``` dG
Y S jH hCG efdH Ae 11:45 YdG j UhG
GY 3:45 YdGh MU 9:55 YdGh Ga 5:55 YdG efdG Ojh
nq L b IAVEG EG efdG j ,QG eQ T GW
Y M
j c ,VdG dG Y HJh G eSEG jO
.G Gg Ie J dG QaCG eNh G jg Y d

UTCG e Y G j QdG Y efH SG


.jdG bYG SCG M jd eSEG jdG GYG jdG
G ch jh j e HCG dG dG efdG jh
.G Sh QG ig JdG
WCG e jdG RGHEH j QdG Y efH CG cP jG
QS Sh .dG Y dG ``e QdH UG G
.(dG) QdG e W dG

QdG Y

21

TdG T / jJ

QG`````M

adG LGj cCG IAGdG Y WGG hY : zQdG Y{ FdG M


..BG d :FdG b bQdG dG UC b
JdG eeh bQdG dG j Gj G
hdEG aK J EG f dHh ,c d gOY
FdG C ``cCG bQdG dG bGG jCG ,hCG
f bGH J ANCG J fMCG fhdEG bGGh
QOG YJ CG EG aVEH QG e dG Yh ,YdG
,adGh dG dH Jj adG ``e ```e``YEG
ada ,dG MhG eYEG OG``G b jh
Ggh ,ee eYEG QOGh f a fdG
bGe e dG g bh .adG jJ OL LGj NBG
ah eJ CGH dG jJh H dc YLG UGdG
.cCG QfGh bGe c G GO
G adG OGR c fCG Y M PSG cCG c
,aCGh ShCG H jd H dfh ,adG jb c
c Y j Xh d h e adG ```G jf a
.jj H dG dSQh j dG G j CG U
,cQG dG QK e fj IK ..``jDh``dG IjL :``H``Jh
SG d ,adG ``Y SGh IQG``L ``Y fG
Gg e J dG WdG SDG S Qf e hH
jObG jDhdG IjL cG J ..d G OQh WdG
Jh ,Q```aCG Od U c gj jh ,Ge
YVGh d JdGh ,edG dG N SQh GdG
.IG jgG

e ZCG CG c I``j``G ae b ``gh S (25


FGG ``Y d aNG ```YCG dH ``dG FdG dG
jOG gOLh J CG YSG ICG``G CGh UN i``NCG
.c H dG JAch G
jQdG GQhdG e jdG H b d :VCG
d UdG MJE ;G ebCGh IjG FGhO
jdG J IjG CG c .MdG e dG d
e dG RG``HEG Gc GQhO J dG G dG e
d dG (dG ``WG``G) U UN dG ``bCG
T a a G``g d ,dG We ``e ```c
,fdG eGQdH UN U J QG eQ
(7) EG ``gO``Y ```Uh ```dG fdG ``` YCG RG`` HEG ```j ```dGh
.YCG
LGJ ```dG jdG ``e jdG O``Lh EG FdG Q``` TCGh
IAGb Y WGG hY e dG adG e
EG H YEG j jdG dhCG M dG
hdG Gg ..HSCH U CGj e IjG JCJ
MEG d Ie IOe d dH edG L Hj
.gL Hjh Qj e Ghj GPEG dG EG j
```j``G I``N ```b ``g ``` dG ````dG :``` VCG
dGh eG Y FdG e j e gh ,ObG
.G adG e cGd GH j
FdG G````dGh ```fh```dG ``bG``G ``f``c GPEG ``e ``Mh

eG jQe - jDhdG
PSH Fd QdG Y eGH dhJ IjY jb
Ie JHLEG Aa ,jDhdG IjL j FQ FdG M
a Y d adG H c EGh ,SGh aK Y
S Y GjJ efdG VY bh c dG ie Y H
. IjG dG
efdG je Uh c j ,Fe CGH QGM FdG
M Y eM ```dG FdG ````G ``Y```dG Se
. dGh HdGh adG
Y dG N H GY QcdG efdG QT
e ``c ``e``f``dG ``bh ,``S``H``b dG eH GOBG c
.YdG Seh dLOdG IjY
adG J dG jdG e jdG FdG hJ bh
fL EG adG ``LG``J ``b dG jdG ``gCGh ,fdG
jG J c d dH IAhG adG gCG
IjL jDhda ,a dG ```dBGh ,UN H I``j``G ``M
,iNCG dG Y NG AL N Y YG jObG
jQJh OG jG dG e Y J a h
dG LG a .jObG adG J Y
N e U j IMe jg V J IjG J
.IjG NGO edG dG
)GM jDhdG IjH dG ja QYCG Se j :bh

HY e

e```dG dG hQG Y Iaf .. zQHdG{ e


e dG Gd jQdG eGQdG VJ dG G V e
e hCG A````d SG G ```j ```M ,``` dG ``F``L Q``H``dG
UGh M ,edG dG hQ``G e Me gh ,QHdG e
kb hj dG dG G J hhb Ghe G dDe
CG e eR Ia AG Gg ha SdG Y kGH YLG
N Y j Ic Qh j Y gh a G M Ia gh
N e IjYh N g,Y HCG ,M HCG QHdG Gj T
XJ dG Xh dGh ,SEG eJ d LGNEG jDhdG
. Lf jH eGQdG dG j CG gS G
,G ``e``` S `` e `` c ``d``` H `` e Q`` H`` dG CG ``c``d``H `` j`` G
, `` `S`` `j O`` `` ` e ,R`` ` ` `a `` ` ` S ,`` ` jO`` ` f ,`` ` `` `a `` ` `` `SCG ,`` `L`` `J `` d`` N
,M `` `g`` `f ,`` ` ` ` ` H `` ` ` CG ,Gh `` ` f`` ` eCG ,`` ` `` `` `dG`` ` `Y `` `` ` L
.dG Gh`` ` ` Zh `` `c ``` Y , `` `T`` `WCG ``` ` ` d ,`` ` `` ` fG`` ` fCG

N e

jdG bGh e jec eGQO .. zdG{

gNCJ dG jRfdG H a LJ Gh ,dG dG


ec H dPh ,G cj dG bdG QN EG
G Ia j
,OGT e ,dG QW :dH e dG CG cdH jG
.gZh GY j ,TQW jRQ ,dG M

G ``eGQ``d``H jedG G TCG dG


M `` bh ,``````dG `````dG `` N ```S ``H EG I``` b ````V```Jh
KGJ ec Y IQY G .QG e Ic H
bjh ,jdH VG dG e dG Me EG j
d bdG dP jObGh SdGh YLG GMCG
N ``HCG T ``N ``e ``dPh ,```e``ch Y H
.MGh BG jdG dGh dG jh bM j dG
Yh QdH j e gh Wh jdG M a
e dh ,edG dH G OWh HG ah eG
dEG j ``e d IYG j j ``e dGh G
d JCj dG CG LQd .. U GP H ce
fMCGh ,IQhG hdG H e jj Y cG Mh dG
,e Q``WCG ``Y ``LQ``G G H dH N ``H j
UCG e Y j SSCG gh ,d G j d

Ye

2011 ZCG 13 aGG `g1432 eQ e 13 dG

M `` ` G ``` S``G ``` ` e `` d `` ` SQ ``` c


je fQS Of Hd j
Scf O``f Y SQBG jh ,Hd
,`````dG ``` dG ``jQ``` e `` gCG ```J``f``j
S O`` f ```Y k````V J ```j ``M
ajh ,```d UdG Oh``M Q``N S
Sh O``f Ib jfj fe dG
j M ,YGb QN dG ehH
H S fGS Of eCG S fe
.KG kGZ

GdG bj d dG
QGdG dM J G```EG CG ZdH
gG ``` ` gG ````j ``d G`` g CG EG
Ea ,EG QhdH
Ye ``LQ``e LGdG e ``cCG e
a j ```dG dG ``gh ,```dG I``c
Q`` Nh ,`` ` `` `SCG ``j``` f ``` Y ``` ` EG
Ea G``` EG ````j `` dG ````dG ``H````M
d Y kGc S GdG
J h``` j ``` M ,ddG
`` ` MGRE k` `` `M `` ` ` ahCG ``` ` ` S ``` ` ` ` f``eh
j a ,``T```dG ``Y ```j``f``j fe
aG `` e k` ` ` jCG ``H``` ` dh `` ` `` `SQBG
IQN MG LGj hCG d jdG
S `` ` `` `SCG `` F`` b ,`` ` S`` dG ```
,f S fdGh ,SjHa

TG S - jDhdG
Y dG jQdG e dG
EG Qh`` dG ``d```H ``` fG ```LC`J
dG Le H ,ddG RG
KOM H ,G```EG dG GgGh
WdG e UUQ OJ OSCG T e
GQhG RhJ QeCG CG EG ,jEG
,IdG hD` ` T ``` Y ``` F``` dG ``H QG`` ` Gh
jQe ebEG ZCG e 13 `dG dG QJh
IQKEG e Se d ,EG QhdG
Mj e kFGO dG jdGh SGh
M ,``` HhQhCG IQ``` dG i`` bCG ddG
`` j`` fCG I`` `N `` ` `` `G Qh`` ` ` dG ``` ` j
fe dG eM ej ,```HhQhCG
,S fe IH FdG QLh ,jfj
SQBGh J IdG fdG ``j``fCGh
MCG dG EG aVEH ,JJh
Y QdG aJ i``NCG ``j``fCGh Hd
UdG Y j ``dG dG ,TY
j ``j````EG ``G ``e O``Yh ,```d
W `` fCG EG ,``` d````dG ````Y ``` jEG
QGM ``J``` jG O`` ` fh ,``` ` J``J IGQ`` ` `e
HGQ YCG M ,d UdG QhS
JJ IGQe LCJ Y EG QhdG
YCG H dG IQ```G JjEG Vh
S jQG hL Ea dHh ,dG

bJ jQH
Q````````SH
EG I``j``G `````H ``e``L ``` S ``` jQ``H `````j
e SG aG M dG G jGdG jJ
fdG MG dG jQ e Y RdG N
S ```jQ``H ``ch ,``` dG I```d fdG Qh`` dG ``e
YdG ``e c O```H aU R``Y ``dG ``e``L
SG Q````S``H ```a``N ``````LQCG ``` ` SCGQ ``` Yh
eCG VQCG Y be Z IQH zYGdG{ Se
jQdG OdG e J dh ,OQ hO H jQd
SG SG dG jQ aV ``WEG Y S
,d SH jO jG aGdG Y MS RH
jG VjdG ``j``G O``L ,I````G ``jG```dG ``ZQh
GfCG Q````H K hOQ``f``` d ``` jRG``dG O``` dG
ce EG OdG IOb Y NCG IQHh jQGec
eh ,jJ ``bCG Y `` HhQhCG ```HCG QhO EG ``gD`e
jQdG OdG e jGH QSH j CG bG
keg kaO jdG j CG eCG Y dG IGQe
SG ``H X ``dG iG ```j CGh eG ``N
jQdG OdG CG cj ,jEG edH e VG
,dG zJcG{ kbfEG ``j``fCG ``cCG ``MCG j
e eL SG gRHCG c Ic U H
CG EG ,QSH LQCGh jEG ehQ Of e
e hCG dG JG iH j OdG
.QhdG

5:30 fe jjH * Qda :G Qh``dG

.. AjbCG GU j ddG
!! ``dG ```UY BG ```ZH

,GdG ```Y `````S ``````f``eh ``f````T``H


EG ``U``N H e Q``` fCG `````Sh
jREG ```M ``c `` dG `````S ``````f``e
H R``` dG ````dhCG ,```V``G ```S``G ``e``g
k H jq J H keY 35 e hCG
H
EG ```b```H ````H ``` ``` dGh ,``SC` ` dG
S hdG jdG d HCG QhO
jG aG Y JQd a QNG hCG
jG G QO IGQ```e N eH
d `` dG ``` j``f``j ``````f``e Q`` L `` `eCG
Gg H k` jh``c k` ` SQO fe ``LQ
QeCG dh ,hQ jGh zG WdG{
Y Rj d fa ddG H J d
,dG d j ```dG jdH TY
e ``` ````L``a `````dG Q`` G a
OdG df dG dG Y aG gDj
Gg RdG U M ,VG SG
k ` F``b O````dG
J C` H dhDe ```g{ z:
d ,TJ CGh ,jfj f kHQe
eBGh QhdH fRa H jhH QeCG NBG
MdG `` eCG ,```S``G G``g ````aCG ```f CG
RdG g OdG Gg a feEH ``dG
Ic ``e ``Z``d``Hh ,z``` ` Mh ``` j ``e G`` g
G dG M CG EG jdG
e Q````f``H ``` ` MG ``c ``dh``W ```j
Gg jEG ddG HM e S
. SG

SeGQ IOY

6:00 fS * Hd :G QhdG

hdG ``aG``G CG U ``jQ```J ``cP


``cQ``` ` G ``fC` ` ` ` ` ` S `` S`` eGQ ``` L``` S
,HUEG e aJ H jQe jQ jQJ
eCG JG IGQH bdEG G e Hh
VJh ,SEG HdG SCc fTH
jQe jQ dL N HUEd SeGQ
HUEG QJh jeCG IG jdG
Nh ,dG EG G O```dG S ``N
N ````SEG G Fb ``e ``S``eGQ
f `` eCG ```d aH ``jO``dG g
k e ,jEG
e jOa jQJ VN
VhCGh ,``f````T``H IGQ``` OG`````SG `` LCG
AT ``Y ``ZQ ``fCG fSEG z``SBG{ U
GTDG c CG EG FH 100 H SeGQ
,fTH `` `eCG IGQ`` ` `G ```cQ````e ``cD` J
OdG G UdG e SeGQ jh
Ic gCG fCG c ,jQe jQ G
hCG QG jh z``NhQ ``jQ``a{ ``aO
aO fY bh ,SH jO a Qd
YdG Z e kGc SCG G
.djEG eCG jOdG IGQG

!! AGZEd j jEG

9:00 eS jQH * jQ : fdG QhdG

8:30 ``SQG * Scf

22

````dG ````dG Q````N ```fEG :``a


FK CG a ``` SQG ``` ` SQC ````f```dG Q`` G `` cCG
f S fdGh SjHa S SEG SdG
QhdG e hCG MG dG Scf eCG j d
Y MQ cCJ aQ a d dG Id EG
J dG jQdG Sh a QGb JCjh ,jdG
dfG M G`````j ````fh ``S```j``H``a CG ``Y
feh SEG fTH EG dG jdG e
dG DG N a bh ,GdG Y S
b aCG eCG ,MCG MQ bJCG { Y dG
CG Y cdG ``Y g ddG fG e ``j
CG g LJ dG g ,fi fG
QbCS ,H cOhRCa QNCG g fc GPEG ,QNCG
:a HJh ,zjd dH aCG g e
g j ``e ,e d dG ``Y````e{
H TCG ,f dG FdGh O```dG
Q`` eCG `` NBG h ``a``fi ````fEG ,`````b``e ``e
YdG OSG ``Yh ,zdG G Y
,je f{ :a b ,Scf IGQe Y
d kHe d S ,``NBG ``eCG CG g Lj
,zdP e cCG dCH JCG CG ``jQCG ,jQd kGgL d
SjHa MQ S dG KCdG M GDS Y a OQh
k Fb ,dG ``M jdG Y fh
H fG{ :
?dG jdH Gd fCG j G``g a ,hdfhQfjc
j CG g j e ,G VQCG Y ke kee kja jf
.zH 100 jd e c j dG YdG

REG hH jQH :hOQfd

FdG aV QadG

fdG eL S jQH Od VjdG jG hOQfd jRGdG YCG


,dG Id ``HhQhCG HCG QhO He EG gCd j UdG Of CG
hOQfd bh ,zYdG IdG{ g j c zY j{ CG Y d
d dP EG f ,HCG QhO EG gCJ d ke S{ :U De
Qe VCGh ,zOdG OhO``e aQ j dc ,d SCG Vh j
eL S jQH Rj :kHS djEG e S BGh e fEG
,K S e HhQhCG Ic UGY jfCG LJ ,keY 41 d iS
k a
Y J QeCG CG j Ggh ,jQH MdG OdG fCG ,dP Y
6 g fa e h ,f e 13 Y je g ,Gj e
d ,eL S jQH GdCG kej Gj h jQH Ghdh Y 7 hCG
ad kja H{ :hOQfd HJh ,z``jCG KK d Q``eCG g
d Sh GMQ jdG YdG dSG ,HhQhCG QhdG h fa
QSH aN LQCG H aU eL S jQH RYh ,zjdG
aGGh jS Q``J```d```S ``` jEG ``SQ``Gh cS ```fi `` Gh
heZ ch jJe Hh e Lh JH e HdG
.ThO f SQGh

kV j eY YH fRGJ IOSH kde fe jH S


Id ``CG Qh``dG e fdG MG aG dG Qda Y
f
fCG dCG OH SdG bdG MU QadG jdG dh ,dG
Y S M hCG MG Le IQN Qh``dG kd 22 e
eCG OQ hO H e ``dCG 70 H Z ``dG z```jQG fdG{ e
jG
jGdG AL ,VG SG dG e LdG HOfe ShQH
QM c dG fg hCG FQ db e bd fe jd dG
Gg kGe G jH S ddG{ CG e QhdG fG Y
aO
aOdh .```dCG h``H VG SG ``e ``N CG H ``dPh ,z```S``G
e dfG ``aGQ ``dG jf jfe h``dG jd jG SQG a
g e AL dG CG JQG kSGh k L hQj e 22 He dT
LG H jW Ic OHE WN bJ N M HOfe
L
eG SCGH HJh dEG NCG a LQec O QjEG dG
e
H kjCG aU jg j QG IOH fe jH RYh ,G

e 13^5 He EG S fe e JGH hL hdG


.aGQ jRGdG Y k a ,hQj

`` L`` ` `G CG ``` ` ` ` U `` `jQ`` `` ` J `` ` ` `cP


dfG Y ``aGh jG jeU hedG
Tce G EG jEG e fG e
ShdG R```f ``j ``b``e ````ch ,``` Sh``dG
k ``f
Y G ``` YCG AGQ``e ``MCG ``Y
hT Y aGh hedG LG CG G
LGO ``jQ````L ``j``a EG ``d````fG ```Y
dG `````dG `` `EG ``` H ````Y ``b``` ` Sh
YdG c JGP bG ch ,JhdG
e e ``f aS ``G CG I``NCG
dG jEG Y dG LCG e hQj e 40
h ,SG hQj e 15 QhH VS
cj c G e SQ J CG Qj
Id ```j CG ``L``G ````dG I``e ``j````dG
LGO e Of g G Ofh ,GYCG KK
FGT ShdG RbdG jQL iMEG
hM c ,c S G b e
Y G ```Sh``dG O```dG ``dhD```G
.hRJL hQL e Y eN

23

Ye

2011 ZCG 13 aGG `g1432 eQ e 13 dG

2001 jcH FdG d .. G QdG eCG MCG

HY SdG

TG S - jDhdG
,Td ````G ``SC``d ``` HQCG Qh`` d ``Z```H ```H
G ``` f ````T````d ``` W``dG ``` ` ` G ``b``j
FdG IGQ``` G ```H H ,``` HQCG QhO O`````dG
adG MU b IGQe e FdH S dG
`````dG ``` MCG ,GQ`` ` eEG ````dG ````Mh
hCG dG fCG H G ddG GL S
M ,2001 ``Y hCG ``SC``d``H jJ ```H ```d
M 2003 Y dhCG fc dH jOdG
H NCG fch ,G d e MCG OL
dG ``Y R````j CG ```b ,2008 ``Y NCG
Je dH J dG JGQeEG HCG dd
JCJ ,ddG d ibCG TG jh ,GdG Y
QhO J IGQe fc MCd dH IGQG gCG
Td G SCc Ff Hh ,FdG d SM
LGJ ```J ```dG fdG Id G```c GR`` EG j
j ```M ,Q``` dGh `````bEG i`````G ```Y ```c
20 G SCc e dG QhdG H e hCG G
k eM ddG NO ``fCG ZdH ,dG bCG dG

SBG CG SCc H e hCG G j c ,d


Y M dG Md e ZdH ,b 2011
,jQdG ddG jQdG cQe 2007h 2004
jJ Td G ``SC`c Ff j ```d``Hh
REG Jh ddG g bJ dG gd Gc
fdG IdG J dG HfG UY j
HfG HM Q``Nh ,Q``G ZCG e 25 `dG
H G ddG dGMCG aCG MCG hj
dG ``eCG S OJh jdG Y KH Ra
. JGQeEG HCG

aj ``dG ```dG O``f IQGOEG e


Y dG Id JGQeEG aG QhO
9 ``bQ dG dG Sj O`````dG
OG ```Y``dG ````d U ``D` e
GO`` L ``` Y `````S ``` dG `` `bh ,``j``` ` d
IOSG Y MdG jd GNDe GfG
Y ``D`G ``N dG ``Yh ,O`` G
e ```dG ``j``a EG fH JOS
IOdGh GREG jdG IYe
e dG bJh ,jdG e EG GO
Y I jOdG e Le dG
,OdG dG e IQYEG S Y MGh
FQ f G fi H GY dG bh
j CG j ``fCG dG O``f IQGOEG
d I``L``G ``a``` VEG O``G ```Y``dG
,G dG j dG jG SG
aG j dG{ GY dG VCGh
QdGh ``j``G SG ```dCG ``c Y
jh ,z``g``` L ``M````d `````J ``` dG
jL ``MGh LCG ``Y ``e bdG d
CG EG QTCG eYEG jQdG H d
Y OL IOSH e JGQeEG OdG
.jda NQN hdG dG HdG

G e jSCG

LNCG gQEG :hdG


dG eCG ,kjCG NCG J Y b
TdG dH dG NCG QY CG j
d ``gCG jQe Y d dG S
. L e cCG JJ dG fdG

G ``Y``` J ``M ,``f``j``Jh ```dG```SGh


d O````hC ```gD`G ``j````SBG dG ``` hCG
gh ,HG jQch bh jOdG e 2012
eG hCG G SCc Vj dG G GP

``````JEG `````H ````dG


e Q`` ` ` e h`` ` ` ` dG `` d`` N `` `` ` dCG
Y FdH dG Id d jOdG
dG ``SC` c ``e ``` j``a h`` `N `` ` `gQEG
Iee ``jRG``dG ``` fCGh ,``jRG``dG ``j ```Y
d f KH eg CG H jOdG
jJ h``` dG `` bh ,```f````dG QhO
,GL U fc IGQG{ AdG H U
d Sh hCG dG L H d
J CG fCT ``e ``c ```dG ``U```dG H
VCGh ,YdG gQgCG d IGQG S
jRGdG e ``V``a ```dG ````dG {
YdG `` ` gQEG ``````e ``e`` ``J`````S
d ``fQ``` ` VG ``` fC ````d``H ``gQ``` ` Th
dh fGH EG f M e d
,HWdGh G Y Z fl AG``LCG
fH e aCG Gfc jRGdG Y HJh
OhCG d OLEG YdG Y Zh H
Qhd gCdG Y jRGdG G gCG CG
Ua CG YCGh b ja a fdG
hHh ,ddG ``` H R``` dG I``` c
ddG ``` ````d ```j ``jO`````dG
eCG e IQ````N ```H edc ``e```G
.g He aH LQCG

a ```j```dG ````dG ````fG U Q`` KCG


gG ,O`````dG O`` G O`` f EG ````dG
d kG``` f ``````G ``a`````dG ``` SGh
G iG Y ``Y``dG ```dG
R`` HCG `` `MCG ``` ` dG ````j ``` M ,`` ` `` `SBGh
NGh ,jdG IdG jYdG YdG
ddG dG 20 N Y aCc
GG fG M ,``j```dG H ``L``J ```dG
OdG O`` G O``f EG ````dG jdG
,jdG Xc HdG ja aGe H
h ,QhO e He ``MGh Y I ``dPh
jdG feEG Y YdG fEG Y j
U EG dG fG JCjh ,eY e
jJ I``NCG h``fi V O``G O``f
FdG ``HQ Qh``dG V kGOGSG aU
hDS e Hj M ,SBG HCG QhO
S ``e 27h 14 ``e``j ``H```G Q``` dG
EG O`` `G O`` f IQGOEG ````U``J ```c ,````G
fG LCG e ,JG Of e Ff JG
ee bJG L ,gdG TGQ aGG
CG Y O``G H J ``JQGOEG H
AfG H YdG Y AGT ZQ GPEG ,mO``f
.JQYEG Ia

M ,G```dG Y ```dG d j ``dG ```NEG


,kjOYG kGeCG fdGh jOdG G GAd J
J e ddG Qh``dG hCG G j M
jOdG J Y 2014 jRGdG dG SCc

Y Je Ye Y fdG gG S
jdG UdG ``H```SCG ```O``cCG e ````VQCG
hjh ,dG bH 1:30 ` `dG YdG ,``Mh``dG
b ```f````eQ `````eCG ``j````d ```S```e ```b```dG
CG M ,Td G SCc Ff EG MCG J
Y c dG IdG H hj OdG G
eCG be Z g J CG H ,HdG dG
NCG dh ,OQ hO H b e G
k e jdG QRCG ``eCG g OSG
KK
jdG MH Y dG dG ,Mh g He
YG QhO fc Q``eCG ``g ``c ,aG ``e
hCG ja CG Id M Se QYG dG
GgCG 3 S MCG CG J bQCG dh ,e
,JGQe g CG cT J h jdG ee
,``JGQ``eEG G dG ``eCG kS k Oe ``Nh
Sh ag OdG G T SG ``M
kje k` ` aO J ```F````MEGh ,G`` `gCG 3 ``e```g
G I`` b ``e ``Z``d``H ,MCG ```Y``d kG``` c
QGh YdG e IdG CG EG OdG G
HGH e fdG IdG j REG e J dG

!! ``dG ``j jM OW
jQe dG Id hCG WdG G IGQe LN
L ```dG dG G``H ,jdG G `` eCG ``jO``dG
bJ ``e ``Z``d``H ,````dG 20 ````G ``SC` c G
EG ,IGQ``` G e ``Y AHdG Q````dG ````fG H IGQ``` G
SdG ``Y ``j``W ``Y k`a``g S ``` MCG CG ```j ``e CG
AGG bdG ``f ``dG ``Y``dG GP ``gh ,``j``M ```MCG
g jdG G d ,FbH dG J H
e ZdH ,d H IGQ```G d OdG
Y I``cG``dG j ``j``M ```MCG O``W ,da ````cG ``Y
dH MCG GAd hCG dG fi aGG OW
dG IGQ```G G``d``H jdG ``eCGh ,dG 20 N
jQdG Q``Nh ,d H HjEG OdH fG
Y O``W E`a ,AHdG QdG fGh IGQ```G QGO ``dG
dG e dG j ``jOh IGQ```e jM MCG IH
Y oj j a ,WdG G Y aGMG M
M dN e j CN JQG Y jM MCG IH
,jOh fc RhJ IGQe AGG bdG IGQG
IGQe H IGQe G``MCG ``g e SG d GP``eh
V ,O```dG S e 2 ` dG e JG jOdG
e ,2014 jRGdG jf gDG jSBG IQdG J
dG RGh ,QG e bh d j CG j QeCG g
H YdG gG ie a ,YdG e QGOEGh
.eY e WdG G

g HG MJ dG

zGhQd{`H j GG

e k hDe 16 e j ``fCG dG Id h``dG O``G c


fi dG b dV ,dG Id jQdG GOG
CG SQ e bG dG Id SBG OG FQ g H
HfG b ihTQ H eJ IG ie VjQ f
a{ :zdG{ be Y H A``Lh ,I``NCG dG SFQ
k hDe 16 ```V ```dG h`` dG O`` G `` NCG ```
eh NCG fd VGh cfH j e kjQc
LHJh OGjJ OG UG LG b dH
G e{ :fH hdG OG VCGh ,z2011 je 11h 10
EG AdG G e ``fCGh jQL G``J dG EG Me
d HdG ``NCG fch ,zG i``NCG GAG``LEG
a ``WQ```d I```G i``e ```g ``H ```V``G dG ``` bhCG
d kTe ``c dG SFdG HfG ``N G```UCG AGT
YG g H d,JH jRL jdG G FdG Lh
,ze G ajEG QGb H dG NCJ{ EG VG SCG
f Gf h ,``NCG L Y YSCG e{ :HJh
YGb ``ah ``fC ``g ``eCG G``g ,G QG``b d h``dG O``G
.zG QGdG f jd dG Y kGQOb d ,UG dG

VhCG H ```Hh``g ``jQ````dG ``````G ``HQ``e ```UG``j


Oc fdG Q``G h``g a ,jQS J dG SdG
QJ e dJ H HdG dG WdG G Qe GhQd
hQ JdG CG fi YEG FSh cP ,hCG jQS e
Id hCG QdG d Qc e j d GG
d GG EG jJ U dbh,FYh T d{ dG
Y MSh G S 20 M c dG bJ O
,iNCG TCG d bdG j ``Y A```fC G``M d jQS
OG ````F``d `` cP{ ``d``b G``` G ``Y ``j````J U ````fh
CG ``` NCG h ```F``Yh T `````dG CG ``` dG I```d Q````dG
Jh,IQOd dJdG IQdG b e c d VJ
IY T LMG H eCG GVEG e dM jQS
dG GG VCGh ,G VjdG aG SG e e
jOdG jQJ Ge JOb hCG G VN
fCG{ d H OdH fG ```hCG ja e Ad J
dGh dH QGSG jh QdG G gCH Fe
Ua c GPEGh jQS a Y e VGQ fCG ,OL H
z.IOd gL fCa g dH e

e Uh Me
````````SG QG`````````e ``Y

i'1b9
fJx~{(/1'EE#b*
b,D* 7HngE
(
i'1b~3
f-b~3

hc~zD'
v-'
+'
!b+jD'
!b(1'
z'

JeCG ``K ``` dG ``` Y ``Y````Uh IQ`` ``a``Z ````J


H OGDa QcdG e J M ,dG Gd fedG
``dPh ,dG Ih``dGh ``YGQ``dG ``jRh GLS L
.Ae dGh SdG YdG adG

Ie

G jQdG cGe edG idG IQGRh CGJ


fdG `````dG ``e ```ZG```d ```````dG `` H ```a ``` dG
jh G jQdG ``cG``e ``e H ``jQ```dGh ```SGQ``dG
dG S M ,Yh Uh UTh QUh dG
.QG dG e 24 M

www.alroya.info

www.alroya.info

2011 ZG 13 aGG `g 1432 eQ e 13 dG

info@alroya.info

IAVG
GG Oe

!!(SGLCG Jo ) CG b

.(UG
(1)
L `````JCG ```L ,``` ` eQ ``L ````SCG ```L) ``` dG ````dG ```G ```j
(7)
.(dG
(IQU) b ``e ,``` SCG ``e c i``d (```H``a) EG ``dq ` ```SQ``G
.(SQGG JL CG L) dEG j rCG j BG
W dG H dGh HdG IQGRh de ZQh ,jf EG ,jGdG
(2)
.!!OJ IM dh ,UN (qG)
,Lh WGG bW J ,NGeh ,de Se K q J rCG d
(8)
!!?e H GPe :f Cd ..Uh..deh
Vj dG..gGe d ,jCG g VhdG e qZ jJ dG M
(3)
.dG NdGh IQS AGd hNBG Vj H ,JM GQhV Hq d
.dG..d dG BG e CGj dG
(9)
(4)
V hO dG Nj c hCG CG ,BG SQGGh ,eR SQGe H dG
..fjO Y IQG j
.eY Y KG H dG Y Yh BG fNj H ,f
q QdG dGh
(10)
.MCG a d QdG qCG ZQ
.bdG Qh (CGj) b dh..jo Gg..edG Lh (S) dG
(11)
(5)
.egG SQG H gj jHJ IYb ,(SQGG dG)
dG hP dG gc Y d gL dj G ``LQh dhdG
(12)
,YLG
..jL Y AH fGjEG SQG SL j M
..FdG d GfG jSG e dG CG G
,hCG SQdG GYj CG QeCG AdhCG Y
.(? pG e NCG pdG Y M)
.(BG dG ce) e Hb cCG Gfj CG Y CG..gh
(6)
EG ,`````dG Q`` WEG ``e ```L```jo ,````j``dG ````S```G `` H ``Y``dG ``e ````b
d
Q``g) iS d..jQe ``HQCG KK qCG S M ,``g``G Y
Abuferas20@hotmail.com

dGh ad jDhdG SDe Y QJ


118 :jdG edG - 343 .U :SGG
Y S - e
24479889
:ca
24479888 :Jg
hdG jdG

Related Interests