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ASSIGNMENT 1

BMT 101 MATERIAL SCIENCE

NOVEMBER SEMESTER 2009

SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY INFRASTURCTURE BMT 101 MATERIALS SCIENCE ASSIGNMENT 1 NOVEMBER SEMESTER 2009

NAME: TAN YEE PIN MATRIC NO: KI 091393 LECTURERS NAME: MS. AZMA FATINI ABDUL AZIZ

ASSIGNMENT 1

BMT 101 MATERIAL SCIENCE

NOVEMBER SEMESTER 2009

Question 1: Below, atomic radius, crystal structure, electro negativity and the most common valence are tabulated, for several elements; for those that are nonmetals, only atomic radii are indicated. Elements Ni C H O Ag Al Co Pt Atomic Radius 0.1246 0.071 0.046 0.060 0.1445 0.1431 0.1253 0.1387 Crystal Structure FCC Electro negativity 1.8 Valence +2

FCC FCC HCP FCC Table 1

1.9 1.5 1.8 2.2

+2 +3 +2 +2

Which of these elements would you expect to form the following with nickel: a) A substitutional solid solution having complete solubility b) An interstitial solid solution Question 2: Below are shown three different crystallographic planes for a unit cell of some hypothetical metal. The circles represent atoms:

a) To what crystal system does the unit cell belong? b) What would this crystal structure be called?

ASSIGNMENT 1

BMT 101 MATERIAL SCIENCE

NOVEMBER SEMESTER 2009

Question 3: A specimen of magnesium having a rectangular cross section of dimension 3.2mm x 19.1mm is deformed in tension. Using the load-elongation data tabulated as follows, complete parts (i) through (v). Load (N) 0 1380 2780 5630 7430 8140 9870 12850 14100 14340 13830 12500 Fracture Table 2 (i) Plot the data as engineering stress versus engineering strain. (ii) Compute the modulus of elasticity. (iii) Determine the yield strength at a strain offset of 0.002. (iv) Determine the tensile strength of this alloy. (v) Determine the elongation of the specimen when a tensile stress of 100MPa is applied. Length (mm) 63.50 63.53 63.56 63.62 63.70 63.75 64.14 65.41 66.68 67.95 69.22 70.49

Question 4: A cylindrical rod 500mm long, having a diameter of 12.7mm is to be subjected to a tensile load. If the rod is to experience neither plastic deformation nor an elongation of more than 1.3mm when the applied load is 29,000N, which of the four metals or alloys listed below are possible candidate(s)? Material Aluminum Alloy Brass Alloy Copper Steel Alloy Modulus of Elasticity (GPa) 70 100 110 207 Yield Strength (MPa) 255 345 210 450 Tensile Strength (MPa) 420 420 275 550

ASSIGNMENT 1

BMT 101 MATERIAL SCIENCE

NOVEMBER SEMESTER 2009

Question 5: Construct the hypothetical phase diagram for metals A and B between room temperature (20C) and 700C given the following information:
y y y y y y y

The melting temperature of a metal A is 480C The maximum solubility of B in A is 18 wt% B, which occurs at 420C The solubility of B in A at room temperature is 0 wt% B A eutectic occurs at 420C and 46 wt% B 54 wt% A The melting temperature of metal B is 600C The maximum solubility of A in B is 22 wt% A, which occur at 420C The solubility of A in B at room temperature is 3 wt% A

Referring to the same diagram, for a 0 wt% B 10 wt% A alloy at 550C (a) What is/are the phase/phases present? (b) What is the composition of the phase? (c) Sketch the microstructure that would be observed for condition of very slow cooling from the liquid phase. Label all phases present.