Executive Summary

The concept of µSuper Shops¶ has not been too old in the context of Bangladesh. Even in the late 1990¶s we hardly have any super shops in our country like we have today. At that time µKaacha Bazaars¶ were the only source where people could buy their necessary household items. Nowadays, we have so many µsuper shops¶ in our country especially in the Dhaka city which have made life easier, faster and less time consuming. Four of the main super shops that exist now in the city are µNandon¶, µMeena Bazar¶, Agora and µShopno¶. These shops have their own blends of offerings to attract segments of consumers. Our research project¶s main objective was to find out the underlying reasons which make working moms or housewives prefer one super shop over another. Since women do most of the household shopping of a family, our target sample was housewives, working moms and other women. We emphasized on four main factors that might be responsible for the preference of a super shop over another. Those were, price, proximity from residence, convenience for shopping, value added services and varieties. Apart from these main factors we inquired about some other factors such as Behavior of employees, Parking facility, Membership facility and Returns and compensations. We did not carry out our research for any particular above mentioned shop. But any of these shops can use the result of this research to have a better understanding of consumer behavior and also as to what problems they might have, so that they can work on them and increase the number of their buyers and also increase their satisfaction and loyalty. Our sample size was 100 as determined by our course instructor. We chose our sample units conveniently on the basis of non-probability sampling. We tried to have access to as much of the actual target sample as possible. In some cases questionnaires were provided to people so that they could complete them at their home. We used a blend of different types of questions in our research like Simple Attitude Scale, Category Scale, Likert Scale, Paired comparisons and open ended questions. As a summarized recommendation, we would state that people have a negative perception on Shopno because of its low price and not so clean environment. Agora has a problem regarding its high price which a lot of people complained about. So Shopno has to decide on its value proposition. Although it adopts a low cost strategy, it should focus on what customers want and then customize its offering accordingly.

Background
The concept of super shops in Bangladesh has been a revolutionary one since its inception in the late 1990s. Earlier, when there were no such shops available, Kaacha Bazars were the only means of household shopping for people. Shopping there meant a lot of hassle, bargaining and not to mention the untidy and unhealthy environment. After the super shops were introduced, things became so much easy for the consumers. They could get varieties of things, all under the same roof, at a price that is not too much more than the usual Kacha Bazar price. People¶s attitude toward shopping changed drastically and more and people became interested in these shops. Superstores are set to boom in the country as the current market players are planning to open several hundred more outlets in the next few years to cope with the rising demand from the consumers.With a strong 15-20 per cent annual sales growth, about 30 companies with more than 200 outlets have already made foray into the industry since Rahimafrooz, one of the largest business groups in Bangladesh, introduced Agora, a chain superstore, in the capital a decade ago. The annual turnover of the superstores now stands at around Tk 15.0 billion (1500 crore), according to Bangladesh Supermarket Owners Association (BSOA). According to the super store employees, hassle-free shopping environment, hygienic commodities, fresh vegetables, meat and fish at the supermarkets are earning appreciation of the customers. The supermarket biggies have attempted the massive expansion drive to attract the shoppers, who still depend on unplanned wet markets to buy their daily essentials. The first super shop to be established in Dhaka city was µAgora¶ in the year 2000. Agora is a super shop that offers a wide variety of food and household merchandise. It is larger in size and has a wider selection than a traditional grocery store. Agora comprises meat, produce, dairy and baked goods departments along with shelf space reserved for canned and packaged goods as well as for various nonfood items such as household cleaners, pharmacy products, and pet supplies. Agora is reported to provide quality service to the consumers but the price level is complained to be high. The outlets of Agora are found in the posh areas of the city which suggests its differentiation strategy. Nandan Megashop and Meena Bazar are other two super shops of the city that focus on differentiation strategy. They try to provide quality products to the consumers and as a result the price charged is a bit high. Shopno, a relatively new player in the market, focuses on a different strategy. It claims that it offers µEveryday Low Price¶ policy to consumers and believes that in this way they will be able to attract significant market share within a short span of time. The locations of Shopno¶s outlets

Research Objective y y y y To find out what income level has to do with the selection of a shop. This sample size was determined by our course instructor Mr. Nurul Hasan Khan. We selected mostly adult females as our respondents as they mostly shop for the household. The problems of a particular shop can well be found out by the results of this research as to why the shop is not being chosen. Hypothesis 5: Agora is the top choice of consumers considering all the factors. . Membership facility and Returns and compensations. Proximity. Research Hypothesis Actually we had a number of hypotheses which we tried to assess through the survey results. Hypothesis 6: The low cost strategy of Shopno doesn¶t work well for them. Problem Definition Basically we wanted to find out the underlying factors that cause women (the largest group of household shoppers) to choose one super shop over another. To find out the shop that attracts the maximum number of consumers. Hypothesis 2: Price is not the decisive factor for choosing a super shop. Hypothesis 3: Convenience of shopping is an important factor for the selection. Hypothesis 4: Behavior of employees is seen as an important factor for the selection. Hypothesis 7: Consumers are not loyal to their now preferred shop and will switch if there is a better offering. we went through the exploratory research by doing survey on a group of 100 people.symbolize this strategy. They are located in the µnot so posh¶ areas of the city so that they can cover for the low prices offered. Hypothesis 1: There is significant association between the income level and the shop being chosen. To find out supplementary factors that aids in the decision making including Behavior of employees. Parking facility. To find out the most important factors for choosing a shop including Price. Convenience and Varieties. We also studied through the secondary data we collected from the website and booklets provided by the super shops. Exploratory Research For initial study.

After processing the data. since the super shops are situated all over Dhaka city.y To find out the loyalty level of consumers. So we selected respondents from different parts of Dhaka city. After the data had been collected. a diverse sample was necessary for more reliable results. edit for the purpose of the study. Research Methodology We chose our respondents on the basis of non-probability sampling. The sample size was 100 and it was determined by our course instructor. tabulate. At last we gave some recommendations. Also. adult females were our target sample. Primary research is the main mode of collecting raw data. the design of the research is basically based on exploratory research. We couldn¶t manage to fill all the questionnaires there. For survey approximately 105 questionnaires conducted. we input them in SPSS software and carried out some analyses based on pre-determined hypotheses. Since our research was based on the buying behavior of household goods. A questionnaire has around 17 12 . We went to different super shops for our respondents. Operational Definition We tried to make our sample as diversified as possible. we applied few statistical tools. Duration No. Collecting raw data from various sources was required to process. bar chart and so on were used. As our report states. the respondents were chosen from over 17 different areas of the city. wherever required we came up with meaningful results. Process Description in days 01 Pre research study and design process 02 Survey Questionnaire prepared and tested in the field 04 level. Mostly the convenience method was used. So we gave some questionnaires to our friends so that they could be filled in by their moms. Research Design As explained earlier. Some of them were helpful while others were not. some graphical presentations such as pie chart. Besides.

proximity from residence. . Design of Recording Forms We designed our questionnaire which have eighteen multiple choice questions. In the closed ended ones we used a blend of different types of questions in our research like Simple Attitude Scale. Membership facility and Returns and compensations. straightforward. 03 Data processing Crosschecking and data processing of survey 02 conducted with key information. frequency and risk specific questions. As for the underlying factors for choosing a particular shop we used options of price.simple.questions. At first we included simple question just to have idea about the respondents. While designing our questionnaire we focused on criteria like. as in 1 for a. This helped us to minimize the error while gathering data.c. convenience and varieties. Likert Scale. parking facility. Category Scale.d were assigned with numerical values. Paired comparisons etc. concise and easily understandable. 3 for c and so on. The choices of answers a. As supporting options we had Behavior of employees. We tried to make the respondents as convenient as possible. Among those we had some time. 2 for b. We used both open ended and closed ended questions. 04 Data analysis and report writing and Submission of report Data processed and analyzed 05 Measurement Scales We used 17 questions in the questionnaire to have a pretty good idea about consumer¶s thoughts regarding choosing a super shop.b.

thankfulness and so on psychological reward. the data those they were providing. Our effort in simplification of the questioner was not only in terms of wording but also in terms of format. In other words we did not provide any tangible incentives to the respondents. communication pattern and example oriented. were in some what private and were mater of confidentiality. buying patterns and so on. such as. In such cases we tired to focus that what is their benefit of participating such survey. Besides for the respondent to feel comfort with the questioner. Actually. In terms of communication pattern we tried to avoid double barrel questions. That means we tried to offer a holistic approach to make the respondents speak and give us the correct data. we tried to make the questioner very comprehensive by adopting the following criteria ± SIMPLIFICATION: We made the questionnaire as simple as possible just to make the respondents give answer easily. Age. but we provided them intangible incentives. Some of such privacy issue includes the amount of their expenditure on grocery item. leading questions. tag questions. As we know that intrinsic motivation is always better as in intrinsic motivation people feel like enthusiasm to do the work by their own need and in extrinsic motivation people are willing to respond on our need not for their benefit. On the other hand we also assured their confidentiality. it is either intrinsic or extrinsic benefits.RESPONSE INCENTIVES: In general we did not provide any significant incentives. was situational. we strictly avoided such questions. The incentives we provided were mostly intangible to be precise. As we know that all of these types of questions lead the respondent to be misleaded or leaded according to the expectation of the questioner. motivation. Sometimes we had to dominate the respondent and sometimes we had to lose the ground and let the respondent to . DEMONSTRATION OF POSITIVE ATTITUDE: Actually the attitude that we were suppose to demonstrate. appreciation.

when they were done we thanked them and told them that the importance of their time that are taking form them to fill out the questioner. occupation and so on. In a sense we took respondents conveniently and relationally.dominate the session. In most of the cases we assured them by words that their privacy would be maintained with proper emphasize and in appropriate manner even in further. As we know that the upper middle class people have tendency to count themselves in upper lower class and similarly the upper-upper class has tendency to count themselves with the upper-middle class. Sample Size: We had a sample size of hundred people with different age. who are relevant to the topic and who . In this case our motive was to let them fill the questioner in a relax mood and have a good impression about their work after the questioner has been filled out. MAINTENANCE OF PRIVACY: In terms of privacy it was quite problematic in some cases. We did not have any refusal. Although there are different stoical methods of doing sampling but to keep the research with the scope of academic purpose we had to use this method. race marital status. They felt good about themselves about involving such survey by giving their motivation. We were expected to have one hundred samples. Actually our target was to take one the respondent. Apart from such private questions they respond well in the other part of the questions. otherwise the respondent would go out of the tangent. In some cases they asked us the result of the survey because if it is positive then they might go for such business. But in all situations we tried to have some kind of control. Most cases we think they did not give accurate information about expenditure. Sampling Method Actually our sampling method depended on the expectation of the direction of the faculty. In most cases we asked the respondents gently and politely to fill the questionnaire.

whether she is doing it in a hurry or not. So. before asking anyone to fill out the questioner we had and kind of good observation about the subject or the respondent. but because of various limitations we could not consider a huge sample. We have edited and cleaned data because of the following reasons: . We edited and sorted data / questioners from different dimensions. Still we know and believe that this sort of research requires a huge sample size. Without a relevant and proper sample the whole research may head to a totally different direction. We asked them to respond like they think or feel. Sometimes they did not understand some of the questions in such cases we explained them the questions. As usual. legibility and consistency to make the data ready for coding and transfer to storage. Similarly we did these kinds of editing for different reasons.is suppose to respond on the topic or the questioner. As we know that sampling is a crucial part of any research. we edited data after we finished our survey. It really helped us to have a efficient survey and savings of time. In terms of the marital status and age most of them are married women and young women. On the other hand we kept in mind that not only due to the proper sampling but also due to the proper response of the response the whole research may lead to a wrong conclusion. Instead of sorting the questioner we had sorted the respondent as a result none of they filled out questioner we found irrelevant. Editing and Cleaning Survey Data We edited and cleared data on the basis of completeness. we tried to give proper emphasize on selecting the sample. We edited and cleaned respondent¶s answers. tired to figure out the attitude of the person. Secondly. First we checked the consistency of the responses in different questions.

so we always tried to give freedom of controlled flow of information into the research. so that it may neither get biased nor ambiguous. So. In open ended question sometimes the answers were fulfilled but those did not make any sense. As we know the non-response is a technical term means for an unanswered on an otherwise complete questionnaire. As we had one filter question which was the first question of the questionnaire it was very important for us to verify data. The biggest disaster appears. we tried to keep in mind that consistency does not mean the respond what we deserve rather it is what exactly the respondent mean. Although it is not a very efficient method but it helped us to have a overall fitness of data. each of the answers was verified so that the answers are rationally consistent for the other related questions and the expected outcome of the research may not get hampered and at the same time it may be get biased. Pre-testing Edit: . Beside the proper definition of the variables never gives any meaning to the research out come. Usually the open ended questions were kept blank.Consistency: We attuned the inconsistent or contradictory response so that the answers would not create problem during data coding. Finally. In such cases we completed the questioners by thorough analysis of the remaining answers of the questioners. which are kept blank. we coded this non-response by ³missing value´ or blank as the response. Completeness: ³Non-response´ was a crucial problem. The interdependency and interrelatedness is a big time issue in terms of regression like analysis. In such cases it was quite tough to give meaning to the answers. Methods used: One of the methods which we used for editing was pre-testing editing. when people do not respond according to their opinion. We have also checked for the adherence to the data collection framework. In some cases the answers gave both sided biased answers. Besides.

00 8.0% 60.0% 2.5% 5.00 13. we edited the questionnaire after the pre-test was complete.00 9.8% 1.00 16.5% 8.3% 7.00 11.3% 26.00 4.00 10.8% 21.0% 6.3% 2) What is your monthly family income? Labeled Values 1.0% 1.5% 5.00 17.0% 3) How many members does your family have? Labeled Values 1.5% 1.3% 20.00 2.3% 4) Where do you usually go for buying your household goods? .00 4.8% 2.00 15. So.00 14.0% 3.00 3.00 7.0% 5.00 2.3% 7.00 2.00 Over 5 2 3-5 12 51 17 15.Pre testing helped us to figure out and edit few major mistakes with some very minor mistakes.8% 11. Pattern of the Questions 1) Where do you reside? Labeled Values 1.0% 63.00 12.00 lalmatia mohammadpur dhanmondi basundhara motijheel shagunbagicha old town uttara bonoshree banani baily road ghulshan eskatan shantinagar pantapath mirpur cantonment 4 5 21 6 4 1 5 6 4 4 2 7 1 4 3 2 1 5.00 3.00 6.00 5.00 3.00 10000-25000 25001-40000 40001-60000 Over 60000 7 9 16 48 8.3% 6.3% 5.

5% 7) Which factors do you consider while choosing a family shop/super shop? Labeled Values 1.5% 3.0% 23 28.00 2.3% 10) What other factors.8% 11.0% 65.00 2.0% 16.00 Sufficient About right Very few Don¶t know 20 23 24 13 25.0% 52 7 9 6 3 2 65. apart from those of Q7.00 Behavior of employees 36 45.3% 7.Labeled Values 1.00 5.3% 8) Do you think Dhaka city has sufficient number of family shops? Labeled Values 1.0% . do you think affect your decision to choose a particular super shop? Labeled Values 1.00 3.00 4.00 Varieties 9 11.00 Convenience of shopping 4.00 Value added services 5.00 2.0% 28.00 Several but not Agora 0 .00 Agora Meena Bazaar Nandan Shopno Other Agora and a few other 7.8% 30.0% 8.00 Price Proximity from residence 3.00 3.00 3.00 4.00 6.00 2.0% 16.0% 6) Which of the following super shops have you been to? Labeled Values 1.8% 28 13 35.0% 20.8% 2.00 Kacha bazaar Super shops Both 12 16 52 15.3% 4 5.

8% 15.2.00 Shopno Meena Bazar Agora Nandan Don¶t know 25 18 13 14 10 31.00 3.00 Parking facility Membership facility 10 19 12.00 4.5% .00 4.3% 17.0% 11.00 3.00 2.00 5.5% Quality Labeled Values 1.0% 12.3% Proximity Labeled Values 1.8% 55.00 2.00 Returns and compensations 15 18.0% Convenience Labeled Values 1.3% 21.5% 16.8% 11) Tick the one that you think as the best to serve the provided criterion: Price Labeled Values 1.3% 22.00 5.00 Shopno Meena Bazar Agora Nandan Don¶t know 7 21 31 12 9 8.0% 26.5% 23.5% 12.0% 20.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 5.00 3.3% 38.00 3.0% 13.00 2.00 4.3% 25.00 Shopno Meena Bazar Agora Nandan Don¶t know 12 21 17 20 10 15.00 2.8% 4.0% 10.00 Shopno Meena Bazar Agora Nandan Don¶t know 0 11 44 16 8 .8% 26.

5% 2.5% 4 5.3% 16.3% 12) Currently which super shop is of your number one preference? Labeled Values 1.00 Okay Convenient Very much convenient 24 34 6 30.0% 14) How would you rate your preferred shop in terms of convenience of shopping? Labeled Values 1.00 4.00 Best buy 8 10.0% 7.00 Very inconvenient 2.00 5.00 3.00 5.3% 16.5% 10 12.00 2.5% 22.00 2.00 Moderately priced 4.Varieties Labeled Values 1.00 3.00 No services added 1 1.00 Agora Meena Bazaar Nandan Shopno Other 38 18 16 6 2 47.00 A little inconvenient 3.0% 42.00 Shopno Meena Baza Agora Nandan Don¶t know 5 16 33 13 13 6.3% .00 4.0% 13 16.5% 13) How would you rate your preferred shop in terms of price? Labeled Values 1.5% 6 7.00 Very high priced 2.3% 14 17.5% 15) How would you rate your preferred shop in terms of value added services? Labeled Values 1.00 Very reasonable 5.00 4.3% 41 51.5% 7.5% 20.3% 20.0% 41.00 5.00 Little overpriced 3.

0% 31.00 3.00 A few services added 3.00 Satisfactory number of services added 5.3% 17) Are you so much loyal to your now preferred shop that better offers by others will not make you change your choice? Labeled Values 1.5% 25 31.whatsoever 2.0% 22 27.00 Moderate number of services added 4.8% 40.0% 20 25.00 2.00 Excellent services added 12 15.00 Yes No Don¶t know 23 32 25 28. what generally is the reason (s)? Ans) Q) What recommendations would you like to give for the overall improvement of your super shop? Ans) .3% Open ended questions Q) If you have to shop somewhere other than your preferred shop.

a joint frequency distribution of observation on two or more sets of variables. the proportion of occurrence is defined.Tables are used to arrange data orderly. Frequency ± Is one of the most common means of summarizing a set of data. Different types of tabulation method can be used to input data and work in SPSS which are described below. After that we coded the alternatives of the questionnaire along with the variables with SPSS.When data is tabulated by computer. or classes to facilitate comparisons. At first we collected primary data from the questionnaires we used for survey. percentage count and cross tabulation. cumulative percentage and frequency distributions are useful. This database became the source of further analysis. With the help of the data sheets we analyze data using various methods like frequency. It can be expressed as a percentage. When a frequency distribution portrays only a single characteristic as a percentage of the total. or a decimal value. . y Percentages. We entered all our responses by using SPSS to make a database. a fraction. categories. This process begins with recording the number of time particular value of a variable occurs. The techniques which we have used are described below: Table. percentages.DATA SUMMARIZATION We have used some analysis techniques in order to fulfill the objectives of the report. y Cross-Tabulation ± We organized our data in cross tabulation process where we have organized data by groups. y DATA ANALYSIS METHODS We used quantitative way to analyze data.

This was time consuming and needed much skill. Then we proceeded for the data conversion and interpretation part. The argument for the . So it is our duty to keep their answers and identity remains confidential. graphs and wrote the analysis.Our respondents waived their right to answer a researcher¶s questions. we put the formula. made tables. Then the data were entered from the questionnaires. We told everything about the research purpose to the respondents. and then the software automatically gave us the result. Then we proceeded forward for the final job.DEVELOPING THE DATA ANALYSIS: Coding: Each question was being coded to a computer readable form for using in the SPSS. Manually we entered data. Closely related to the notion of voluntary participation is the requirement of informed consent. Data entry: After entering all the responses from each question. charts by this process. Data Analysis: By using SPSS. Because we believe that the respondents have the right to be informed of all the aspects of research. We could get a number of tables. the data entering part was done. Data conversion: All the SPSS result sheets had to be converted into managerially understandable form. ETHICAL CONSIDERATION In every step of the research we tried our best to ensure privacy of each and every respondent. Protecting confidential information is the obligation on the part of the researcher not to reveal the identity of an individual in a research design . We converted them to word documents. which was analysis.

Adequate descriptions of the methods have been provided in the report. These data are actual data we know that distortion of actual data is a blatant breach of the researchers responsibilities.researcher¶s obligation to protect its right is based on the academic tradition for informing and enlightening the public. We also know that ethical standards also require that researchers not put participants in a situation where they might be at risk of harm as a result of their participation. Harm can be defined as both physical and psychological. We have analyzed those data honestly and reported these actual data collection method correctly. We have tried to represent our research as correctly as possible. . We tried to maintain high standards to ensure that our data are accurate. There is no intentional or deliberate misrepresentation of research methods or results.

Survey Research Result Statistics What is your monthly family income N Valid Missing 80 0 This shows the income distribution of the sample. This might be true or even can be an example of social desirability bias. Apparently majority of the sample belong to the µover 60000¶ category. .

5 20.5 20.0 This part is aimed to find out the fragment that carries out the most of shopping.0 100.5 77. It states that the woman of the family is most likely to carry out the act as suggested by the value 47.0 100.0 2.0 Percent 47.0 2.5 80.0 Valid Percent 47.5%.5 30.5 30.0 100. .Statistics Who generally does the most of shopping for your family? N Valid Missing 80 0 Who generally does the most of shopping for your family? Cumulative Frequency Valid You Your husband Children Paid worker Total 38 24 2 16 80 Percent 47.

5 20.0 7.5 22.5 70.5% of vote for Agora justifies our assumption.5 22.Statistics Currently which super shop is of your number one preference? N Valid Missing 80 0 Currently which super shop is of your number one preference? Cumulative Frequency Valid Agora Meena Bazaar Nandan Shopno Other Total 38 18 16 6 2 80 Percent 47. .5 2.5 20.0 90. The 47. we mentioned that Agora is the top choice of consumers considering all the five factors we took into account.0 Percent 47.0 97.0 In our hypothesis.5 100.0 7.0 Valid Percent 47.5 100.5 2.5 100.

in the lower .Crosstab to show relationship between monthly income and shop preferred Case Processing Summary Cases Valid N What is your monthly family income * Currently which super shop is of your number one preference? 80 Percent 100.0% N 80 Total Percent 100.0% N 0 Missing Percent . which is known as the comparatively superior of the 4 considered in the research. We can see that the high income families are more likely to choose Agora.0% What is your monthly family income * Currently which super shop is of your number one preference? Crosstabulation Count Currently which super shop is of your number one preference? Agora What is your monthly family income 1000025000 2500140000 4000160000 Over 60000 Total 38 18 16 6 2 80 26 11 10 0 1 48 6 4 4 2 0 16 5 1 1 1 1 9 1 Meena Bazaar 2 Nandan 1 Shopno 3 Other 0 Total 7 This is for our first hypothesis of finding relationship between income level and shop being chosen. Also.

Error of the Estimate 1. Dependent Variable: Currently which super shop is of your number one preference? . . Enter Model Summary Adjusted R Model 1 R .126 F 7.936 1. So it indicates a positive relationship between income and the shop being chosen. All requested variables entered.936 87.864 95. What is your monthly family income ANOVAb Model 1 Regression Residual Total Sum of Squares 7. Predictors: (Constant).800 df 1 78 79 Mean Square 7. Regression: Monthly family income and preferred shop Variables Entered/Removedb Variables Model 1 Entered What is your monthly family incomea a. b. Dependent Variable: Currently which super shop is of your number one preference? Variables Removed Method .083 Square . which is considered as the value shop.income range. more people choose Shopno.071 Std.045 Sig.010a a. Predictors: (Constant). What is your monthly family income b.288a R Square .06135 a.

8 40.000 .321 Std.012 -. . Dependent Variable: Currently which super shop is of your number one preference? B 3.654 Sig.0 Cumulative Percent 28.217 -2.417 .8 68.0 Valid Percent 28.8 40.321Monthly family income Frequencies Statistics Are you so much loyal to your now preferred shop that better offers by others will not make you change your choice? N Valid Missing 80 0 Are you so much loyal to your now preferred shop that better offers by others will not make you change your choice? Frequency Valid Yes No 23 32 Percent 28.288 Coefficients Beta t 7.Coefficientsa Standardized Unstandardized Coefficients Model 1 (Constant) What is your monthly family income a. Error .8 .010 Here we can write the regression equation as: Preferred shop= 3.012-0.121 -.

0 31.0 This is to see whether customers are loyal to their preferred shop.0 Cumulative Percent 45. This suggests that many super shops suffer from this problem and need to improve on this matter. convenience. apart from those of Q7. The frequency table shows that majority of the customers are not loyal to their now preferred shop and will shift if there is a better offering. apart from those of Q7. Frequencies Statistics What other factors. do you think affect your decision to choose a particular super shop? Frequency Valid Behavior of employees Parking facility Membership facility Returns and compensations Total 36 10 19 15 80 Percent 45. So the stores need to look for alternatives such as long term relationship building in order to reduce the customer defection rate. and value added services.5 23.0 100. proximity.3 100.3 100.8 100. behavior of the employees is the most important factor for choosing a shop.5 23.0 57.0 This part shows that after the main decisive factors of price.3 100.8 18.0 12.Don¶t know Total 25 80 31. do you think affect your decision to choose a particular super shop? N Valid Missing 80 0 What other factors.0 12.8 100.0 Valid Percent 45.8 18.5 81. .

5750 1.005 t df Sig.10121 Std.168 Sig. Deviation 1. Error Mean 95% Confidence Interval of the Difference Lower Pair 1 Price Currently which super shop is of your number one preferenc e? .894 79 .19515 Upper 1.15789 .9500 N 80 80 Std.T-Test Paired Samples Statistics Mean Pair 1 Price Currently which super shop is of your number one preference? 2. . Deviation Std.93158 .05485 2.62500 1.21596 .135 Paired Samples Test Paired Differences Mean Std. Error Mean .41220 1. (2-tail .12312 Paired Samples Correlations N Pair 1 Price & Currently which super shop is of your number one preference? 80 Correlation -.

3 22.0 87.3 53. .5 16.5 16. So it can be assumed that there is a negative correlation between the price and the preferred shop.3 17.5 100.0 Valid Percent 31.8 70.5 12. More specifically it has an impression among the consumers that it is a price deal offerer.0 Percent 31.0 This shows that Shopno is the best choice among customers when it comes about low price.5 100.5 100.3 22.168. Frequencies Consumers¶ perception on pricing: Statistics Price N Valid Missing 80 0 Price Cumulative Frequency Valid Shopno Meena Bazar Agora Nandan Don¶t know Total 25 18 13 14 10 80 Percent 31.Here we see that the correlation is -0.3 17. It also proves our hypothesis.5 12.

Recommendations y y y y y Make more promotions targeted to females.Findings y y y y y y y Most of the people interviewed had a family income of over 60000 BDT per month. Agora needs to lessen its price a little bit. Shops should be too much focused on low pricing that quality and environment is degraded. Customers are not very loyal to the now preferred shop. Price is an important factor while choosing a shop but not the decisive factor. They make their decision on the basis of a number of factors. Conclusion Agora is the current market leader because of its quality products and convenient shopping environment. They should not focus too much on quality either as it may be the cause of customer resentment. This might be an example of social desirability bias. Look for long-term relationships with them. Shopno is on the other end of the competition with a different pricing strategy. Behavior of the employees is a very vital factor for choosing a shop. A lot of people complain about its unclean environment. . But people do not choose just based on price or quality. Low price is not the ultimate solution. Customers are not very much loyal to the shop that they are buying from now. Shopno is seen as the low priced provider but it is unable to attract sufficient number of customers. Females do the most of the family shopping. They will switch if better offering is found. Shopno needs to improve its quality. Agora is the number one super shop to majority of the high income consumers. Behavior of employees needs to be strictly monitored as it is an important factor while choosing a shop.

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