This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
PUBLISHING IN VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING JOURNALS European Conference on Educational Research 10-12 September 2008-09-15 Göteborg, Sweden Submitting work to the European Journal of Vocational Training Éric Fries Guggenheim Editor in Chief EJVT
I. Short history of the European Journal of Vocational Training 1. Cedefop creation, 1975 Cedefop was created in 1975 mainly at the instigation of the social partners and especially of the Workers’ Unions. Maria Weber of DGB plaid a prominent role in this creation. The social partners whished to develop Vocational Education and Training in Europe, diffusing the best practices and fighting for the parity of esteem with general training. Though article 128 of the EEC treaty signed in March 1957 stated than the Council of Ministers of the Community would lay down, on a proposal of the Commission and after consulting the Economic and Social Committee (ESC) ‘general principles for implementing a common vocational training policy capable of contributing to the harmonious development both of the national economies and of the Common Market’, many governments refused to relinquish their sovereignty in what regarded a very delicate field, that they implicitly considered, as it is the case for Education matters, as pertaining to their national domain. The creation of Cedefop in 1975 was an attempt to find a way to launch a common action in favour of the development of vocational training. 2. Cedefop Bulletin, 1977. In the funding regulation of Cedefop (article 3.1) the funding of a “Community Vocational training bulletin is explicitly foreseen. This Bulletin was created in 1977, under the name of ‘VOCATIONAL TRAINING – INFORMATION BULLETIN of the European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training’. This Bulletin contained information on Cedefop life, on its work programme for example, as well as minutes of meetings and report on seminars made at Cedefop, and some articles of reflection on Vocational Education and Training. The European Journal of Vocational Training is in a way the heir of the ‘Cedefop Bulletin’ a 24-pages A4 booklet published in six languages, Danish, Dutch, English, French, German and Italian. And the editorial in the very first issue, No 1 of 1977, specifies that in publishing this Bulletin, the Centre ‘is continuing the work done by the Directorate-General for Social Affairs of the Commission of the European Communities in establishing and developing the Bulletin’. Thus at the outset it was conceived as an instrument of the Centre’s Information Service, and was designed to contain information and articles supporting the Centre’s work programme (seminars, conferences and study projects).
3. Vocational Training Bulletin, 1982. Nonetheless, from the outset the Bulletin published themed dossiers alongside information on the Centre and the conferences it organises. These dossiers comprised two or three articles written and signed by vocational training experts in Europe. In 1981 the Bulletin acquired an editor and an editorial team composed of Cedefop experts. From 1982 onwards, the journal retained the title Vocational training, but was no longer presented as a Bulletin from Cedefop but as a ‘regular publication of the European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training’. The editor, Duccio Guerra, became ‘Editor-in-chief ’, and in his editorial in issue No 8 of May 1982, although the Community nature of the journal was reaffirmed, Duccio Guerra’s definition of its target readership was much broader than what one would expect from a Community bulletin: ‘The publication is addressed to decision-makers, those who develop and supply technical and scientific decision-making aids and finally those required to implement these decisions.’ This description already explicitly includes researchers, the social partners and the players on the ground expressly targeted today. So the birth of the European journal of vocational training can be more precisely dated as May 1982, with the publication of issue No 8, even though, as Duccio Guerra says, it had been a gradual process spread over seven years. Published in the 6 previous languages until 1986 he was then published in 9 languages, adding a Greek, a Portuguese and a Spanish version to the 6 previous ones. 4. European Journal - Vocational Training, 1994 By the end of 1993, we had come a long way from the 1977 Bulletin, Vocational training. Indeed, everything was in place to make it genuinely possible to describe the publication no longer as a Bulletin, but rather as a scholarly journal. In 1994 Cedefop decided to concentrate on quality, which led to a rigorous method of selecting articles for publication and the establishment of an Editorial Committee that was largely independent of the agency financing the journal, namely Cedefop. The first Editorial Committee of the European journal - vocational training was chaired by Jean-François Germe and comprised seven academics and academic researchers, three representatives of associations and the social partners, five Cedefop experts, and one representative ofCedefop’s Management Board, with a trade-union background. There have been three Chairmen of the Editorial Committee since January 1994, first Jean-François Germe, Professor at the Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers (CNAM), France, then Jordi Planas, Professor at the Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain, and thirdly the current Chairman, Martin Mulder, Professor at the University of Wageningen (WUR), the Netherlands. There have also been three Editors-in-chief, namely Fernanda Reis, Steve Bainbridge and Éric Fries Guggenheim. The Journal was published in the 9 languages of the Vocational Training Bulletin until 1996. In 1997 for budgetary reasons, and because of the very small amount of their readers, the Danish, Dutch, Italian, Greek and Portuguese versions were abandoned. Nevertheless, in 1998 the Portuguese Government decided to support a Portuguese edition, which made that the EJVT was in fact published in five languages until the end of 2008, English, French, German, Portuguese and Spanish. An other very particular characteristic of the EJVT was the fact that, until the end of 2008, it accepted articles written in 28 languages, the 23 official languages of the European Union, including Irish, the two additional languages of the European Economic Area (Icelandic and Norwegian), and the languages of the three candidate countries (Croatian, Macedonian and Turkish). 5. European Journal of Vocational Training, 2006 After almost 30 years of developments in the course of which the publication has evolved from the Cedefop Bulletin – Vocational training into the European journal of vocational training in its present form, our publication has become a scholarly journal to be reckoned with in the vocational training landscape. It has outgrown its youthful excesses, and it was becoming more apparent every day that presentation in A4 format with covers of varying 2
degrees of colourfulness and authors’ photos at the head of their articles, was inconsistent with the scholarly nature of its content This is what led the journal’s Editorial Committee to opt for B5 format, which is much easier to handle, and to use only one colour on the cover in addition to black and white. So the journal has acquired a new image, but it has not changed course or become any less rigorous. It has simply brought its appearance into line with its practice – serious and sober. So even though the change effected with this issue, No 37, January-April 2006, is much more obvious than that effected in issue No 8 in May 1982, it is actually much less radical. Your journal remains unchanged as regards its content, which naturally we are constantly working to improve. The Editorial Committee currently comprises 14 members – 10 lecturers/academic researchers, one expert from the European Training Foundation (ETF), 2 experts from Cedefop, and one representative of Cedefop’s Governing Board, who represents the Government’s Group. The representatives in these three last categories all have a solid academic training, and were recommended by the Editorial Committee for this reason. The rule is that all new members of the Editorial Committee are appointed by Cedefop’s Director on a recommendation from the Committee. In July 1999, an Editorial Secretariat was created on the initiative of Steve Bainbridge, the then Editor-in-chief of the journal. This Secretariat composed of four Academic researchers, assists the Editorial Committee in its work and has become particularly important since, at the instigation of its current Chairman Martin Mulder, the Editorial Committee adopted the double-blind peer review as its working method. This means that members of the Editorial Committee and, in particular, the reviewers, do not know the identity of the authors of the articles submitted to them, and the authors do not know the identity of their reviewers. The Editorial Secretariat is responsible for anonymising proposed articles received and for acting as intermediary between authors and the Editorial Committee and its reviewers. At the instigation of the Editorial Committee’s current Chairman, Martin Mulder, the journal has also decided to establish an Editorial Advisory Board comprising well-known personalities and researchers in the field of vocational training who will serve as ambassadors, as it were, for the European journal, in the vocational training world. II. What do we publish in the EJVT The EJVT publishes Original articles, non published in any other refereed Journal. We accept nevertheless article already published in the grey literature on draft presentation, as long as they are reformatted for the EJVT. The authors keep they wrights on their article and may republish them if they want elsewhere after publication in the EJVT as long as are mentioned the first publication in the EJVT and the publisher’s name, Cedefop. The field of publishing occupied by the journal is, of course, that of initial and continuing vocational training (ICVT). However, this field has been interpreted very broadly ever since the journal began. Thus in addition to articles directly addressing vocational training issues, naturally it publishes articles on lifelong training, on the relationship between training and employment and labour-market access, and on the relationship between work and training. However, it also publishes articles on educational sciences, the philosophy of education, history, the sociology of education, economics, law and political sciences when they are addressing an issue directly associated with ICVT or an issue of general interest with direct consequences for ICVT. The Journal publishes four kinds of articles: research, policy analysis, case studies, and personal accounts. Articles should focus on European issues or address issues that can be transferred to, or are of interest for, other countries. Articles submitted to the journal must be 3
precise, yet accessible to a wide and diverse readership. They must be clear in order to be understood by readers from different backgrounds and cultures, not necessarily familiar with the vocational education and training systems of different countries. Readers should be able to understand clearly the context and consider the arguments put forward in the light of their own traditions and experience.
III. The publication process The Editorial team, i.e. Editor in Chief, Editorial, Committee and Editorial Secretariat, publishes a generic call for contributions in the Journal, and specific call for thematic reviews both in the EJVT and through the different Cedefop networks, EROCALL, ReferNet, TTnet, as well in their personal relations. The Editorial Advisory Board is also invited to circulate these thematic call for contributions. They are also published on the Web page of the European Journal in the Training Village Web site, as well as the recommendations to authors, or format requested by the Editorial Committee The submission process is very sensible. The author send his/her article proposal to the editor in Chief by e-mail. And then begin the difficulties. It is not easy to get an article published in the journal. The Editorial Committee requires strict compliance with its format and sets very high standards for the scholarly nature of papers published in the journal. It is very rare for an article to be published as it is, without a request for revisions. Admittedly the rejection rate is quite low for an international journal, ranging at first reading between only 30 % and 40 % of articles submitted. However, the Editorial Committee asks authors to make many complex revisions with regard to both the substance and the form of the article, and many author do not go to the end of the revision process, which makes that we publish a less than the half of the proposals received. Once the Editor in Chief has received an article proposal he checks whether the article corresponds to the editorial policy of the EJVT, to the format and the standard quality requested by the Editorial Committee. If the article proposal fits with the Journal requests, the Editor in Chief chooses two referees who will report on the article proposal during the nearest possible meeting of the Editorial Committee of the European Journal. The Editor in Chief chooses as well a member of the Editorial Secretariat who will be the intermediate between the author and the Editorial Committee to make sure that the process is anonymous. The scale of the Editorial Committee is as follows: [A] article accepted as it stands, [B] article accepted under the condition that some revision be realised, [C] article rejected as it stands but the author should be encouraged to rewrite a new paper along the requirements of the Referees and the Editorial Committee, [D] article rejected In cases [A] and [B] the article is accepted and will not be presented to the Editorial Committee any more. However in case [B] the Editorial Committee asks for some revisions. It is the Editorial Secretariat member in charge of the article who will follow the paper and will judge if the revisions introduced by the author are satisfying or if the author should realise some more modifications. In case [C] the article is not accepted, in any case not as it stands. But the theme of the article is judged of interest for the readers of the Journal and the author is encouraged to rewrite his/her article following the instructions of the Editorial Committee. It is the member of our Editorial secretariat in charge with the article who will transmit to the author the revisions requests of the Editorial Committee. The new paper will then be 4
presented again to the Editorial Committee which will evaluate it again. There is at least one iteration, but very often two and some times more, depending of the professionalism of the author and the seriousness of the ways he/she revises and rewrites his/her article. In fact the editorial committee and the editorial secretariat really “works” together with the authors who are very ably assisted by the journal’s Editorial Secretariat, which endeavours to ensure that authors receive requests that are as clear and detailed as possible, so that they can provide the best possible response to the Editorial Committee’s comments and requests. Thus the Editorial Secretariat monitors the articles as they evolve. The revision process is quite an ordeal, however, as an article may be sent back to the author as many as two or three times, which is why some authors become discouraged along the way and in the end only 40 % to 45 % of the articles submitted to the journal end up being published. The Editorial Committee is sovereign and its decisions are without appeal. The Editor in Chief and the Editorial Secretariat intervene in the debates but do not participate in the votes. Once the articles are accepted by the Editorial Committee and checked in their final version by the editorial secretariat, the Editor in Chief prepares the issues, and transmit them to the publication and diffusion service of Cedefop, as Cedefop is the EJVT publisher. Between the moment when an article is received by e-mail and the moment when it is in an issue and in the hands of the final reader, there is an average of 1 year 10 months, which is quite long but in a way a warranty of quality. IV. Our aims and the kind of difficulties encountered in striving to reach them Our aim is to contribute to the development of Initial and Continuing Vocational Education and Training through the publication of quality articles selected independently of the institutional position of Cedefop. By quality articles we mean articles of an academic format even for Policy analyses articles, case studies or personal accounts. We definetly want the EJVT to be free of any kind of Eurospeak. To elucidate the choices made by stakeholders, particularly the vocational training policy choices, the Journal considers that it is necessary and possible to bring together the reflections of stakeholders and of researchers. The Journal has a broad target group consisting of decision-makers, social partners, trainers, researchers, and private- and public-sector stakeholders and contributes to the debate and discussion on vocational training in Europe. The European Journal of Vocational Training has the ambition to give the floor to every one among the people contributing to VET development, without consideration for they personal status, function and language, forming a bridge between these different cultures of science, policy and practice in the field of vocational training. The current shape of the Journal reflect these aims and political choices. The main characteristics of the EJVT being its unique language regime, its multidisciplinarity and the very large conception of its editorial field, and its institutional openness. But all these quality brings also a lot of attached difficulties. – The unique language regime implies very high translation costs and it contributes to the slowing down of the production process. – The scientific independence of the EJVT from Cedefop, makes that it has never been really considered as the first priority in the publication plan and has always suffered important delays, even if these delays are currently decreasing in a sensible measure. 5
– It disciplinary and institutional openness, makes that no specific scientific field can really claim that it is congruent to the Journal. We have thus some difficulties to be recognised by the disciplinary institutions: for example when applying for the scientific recognition of the French CNRS, to which section should the EJVT apply: Economics, Sociology, Educational Sciences, Management or more specifically “Human resources” management. Now such a recognition is of huge importance for the researchers publishing in our Journal for this has heavy consequences for their career. Nevertheless despite all these difficulties the Journal enjoys a good reputation in the international academic world as indicated by the Australian VET Research Association (AVETRA) which in the frame of the Australian Research Quality Framework (RQF) journal ranking exercise, rank the EJVT in the 8 th position among 22 international VET periodical publications. V. Prospects for the future The European Journal of Vocational Training is as indicated above scientificaly independant of its publisher and financing institution, the European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training. But it is completely depending of it as regards its funding. Now as a consequence of the necessity for the European institutions to find a budget for the financing of two project voted by the European parliament without specific financing line (the European GSP Galileo project and the project of a European Institute of Technology), the conciliation committee of 23 November 2007 decided to reduce the budget of 10 European Regulation Agencies, out of which Cedefop, by Euro 50 millions on 5 years, i.e. approximately 1 million a year for each agency. As the EJVT does not appear as a Cedefop priority anymore in its Middle Term Priorities for 2009-2011 it was decided to pass the budget cut on the EJVT. On the bases of an evaluation of the EJVT by an external consultant, as well as of the first hypothesis of the Director of Cedefop and of Cedefop Bureau concerning the possible sources of saving, a working group proposed some general orientations to Cedefop Governing Board concerning the European Journal of Vocational Training up from January 2009. – From 2009 onwards, the Journal will be published only in English with the possibility for authors to submit articles in English, French and German. – The production, distribution and marketing of the Journal will be externalised to a private publisher specialised in scientific journals. – The scientific and rigorous character of the journal will be strengthened while keeping three categories of articles: research, information, reflection. Articles should have a European or international character. – A double blind review will be kept to maintain the standards of a scientific journal. – An open pool of peer reviewers should be built, including Editorial Committee and former Editorial Secretariat members, Cedefop colleagues and external researchers including members of Cedefop’s and the Commission’s networks. – The production and review process should be shortened and simplified, with a target duration of one year from submission to publication of an article. – Cedefop will consider increasing the number of issues to 4 per year, after the transition phase. 6
– It is envisaged to publish one thematic issue per year, to be managed by guest editors. – Editorship will be carried out by an internal editorial team of 3 colleagues. The team should cover different academic disciplines and be able to screen articles received in English, French or German. – A full-time editorial assistant should be allocated to the Journal. – The Editorial Committee should become an ‘Editorial and Scientific Committee’, which ensures the scientific steering of the Journal. – The Editorial Secretariat is abandoned and its tasks are internalised. – The Editorial Advisory Board should be kept in its current format. Of course these proposals must still be approved by the Enlarged Bureau of Cedefop 7-8 October 2008 and after that by the governing board of Cedefop by written procedure. But it clearly appears that the European Journal of Vocational Training will, keep and even strengthen his Scientific character. It is by the way planned to undertake the application procedure to the Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI) of the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) - Thomson in October 2008 after the Enlarged Bureau meeting. We can thus but encourage you to send your article proposals to the Secretariat of the EJVT by e-mail at the address: firstname.lastname@example.org in your mother tongue until the end of the year 2008 and in English, French or German up from the first of January 2009. VI. For more information on the EJVT: http://www.trainingvillage.gr/etv/projects_networks/EJVT/ on Cedefop: http://www.cedefop.europa.eu/ on Cedefop projects and activities: http://www.trainingvillage.gr/etv/default.asp
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.