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Far away, high in the mountains of Northern Australia, well-hidden from human eyes by the deep emeraldgreen density of the rainforest, lies a cave. Size wise its entrance is not so impressive and at first glance might appear as some big animal’s hole. Inside, however, if someone discovered the cave and managed to get inside, he would find the most stunning and intricate forest of stalactites and stalagmites richly coloured by the deposits of different chemicals and lightened with the rainbow reflections coming from the little waterfall that falls down the cave through the opening above. It is a magical cave indeed – for deep inside it is hidden an ancient chest carved of limestone. Inside that chest lies a sword. It waits for your eighteenth birthday. It will bring you fulfilment of all your fondest dreams. It will help you to fight with evil, with sicknesses, with poverty, with cowardliness, with laziness, with indifference or with anything that stands in the way from you experiencing total happiness in your life. But your cave needs to be protected for a few years until the day of your eighteenth birthday. This is your task. You have to create a sphinx-like creature that will protect the cave and your personal sword. The sphinx has to reflect the features of your own character. The more closely that you can portray in the sphinx the likeness of your personality, the better you will equip it with magical ability. The perfect sphinx has to be able to protect your sword until the day of your eighteenth birthday by various magical means. The perfect sphinx must be reliable enough to recognise your location on the day of your eighteenth birthday and deliver you safely to the cave for the sword’s presentation and then take you back to the initial location, no matter wherever in the world you will be. It will all depend on how well you can match the sphinx with the features of your own personality. It is not about how you look, it is about how you would react yourself if you needed to protect the entrance of the cave. Will you put on a scary mask and bizarre cloth to scare the soul out of anyone who would come close to the cave? Would you pump your muscles and put on boxer’s gloves to fight the intruder? Would you grow fangs and long claws for a combat? Will you turn yourself and the entrance of the cave invisible? Will you try to outsmart an unwanted visitor? Would you use charm to confuse an unwelcome guest? What kind of an animal/s seems to you to possess the ability to succeed in your tactics? What kind of animal/s would you rely on?
It is formed out of a human and an animal. or has some different features from some other animals. (10 marks) week 3 – 4 complete at home Step 5 Draw the final concept for your guardian sphinx in colour. Answer the given questions in your Theory Notebook. What animals do you think are suited to these kind of characteristics? The sphinx is a hybridcreature. your home work will be: to research three chosen animals and see in what ways they can match your guardian sphinx. Are you strong? Are you big? Are you small? Are you skinny? Are you clever? Are you kind? Are you funny? Are you good at picking up other people’s moods or perhaps even thoughts? Do you usually have interesting dreams? Do you usually flare up easily? Do you like to scream? Do you like to hiss? Do you like to scare others? What is there that is very special about you? Ask yourself similar questions and create a brainstorming diagram examining your identity. (20 marks) week 3 – 4 homework Step 3 In your Visual Diary. Support your research with at least five visual images from the Internet. You have to produce detailed and rendered sketching of some parts of the animals’ bodies. Complete task 1 and task 2 on page 6. So. (5 marks) week 5 – 6 Step 7 Complete the final sculpture of the sphinx in plasticine in colour and full details. (10 marks) week 2 – 3 Step 4 In your Visual Diary.Step 1 In your Theory Notebook. analyse the features of your personality. do ten thumbnails to demonstrate your thinking process in the development of the sphinx. (10 marks) week 8 – homework page 2 . do three observational drawing from the researched material that you’ve collected. (20 marks) week 6 – 7 – 8 Step 8 Observe closely the photo-images on the pg 7. or two or three animals. (10 marks) week 2 – homework Step 2 Read the information presented on the following pages of this hand-out. (15 marks) week 5 Step 6 Do some experimental 3-D exercises with plasticine.
of the Great Sphinx is believed to be the head of the pharaoh Khafra or possibly that of his son. The face Depict – to represent by a picture. The largest and most famous is the Great Sphinx of Giza. • body of lion with head of falcon or hawk. meaning shape or form. usually depicted as a lion with a human head. The sphinxes of Egypt are mythical creatures. Other famous Egyptian sphinxes include one bearing the head of the pharaoh Hatshepsut. meaning animal. the Pharaoh Djedefra. It is defined as: • the representation of deities as animals or the attributing of animal characteristics to them. seen as guardians in the Egyptian statuary. page 3 . It has its origins in Old Kingdom Egypt. facing due east. with her likeness carved in granite which is now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York and the alabaster sphinx of Memphis. • the use of animal figures in art and design in literature. NEW WORDS: Zoomorphic – from the Greek ζωον (zōon). • body of lion with head of ram. • the viewing of human behavior in terms of the behavior of animals. and the ram-headed sphinxes representing the god Amon. and μορφη (morphē). to paint. which would date its construction from the fourth dynasty (2723 – 2563 BC). and later became a cultural import in Greek and other cultures’ mythology.GUARDIAN – SPHINX A Sphinx is a zoomorphic mythological figure. currently l o c a t e d within the open-air museum at that site. to portray. sited on the Giza Plateau on the west bank of the Nile River. Sphinxes are depicted in one of these three forms as: • body of lion with head of person.
Carbonate mud deposited in the lagoon petrified into the layers from which the ancient builders. like many of Egypt’s monuments. was first given by the Greeks to a fabulous creature which had the head of a woman. both ancient and modern. which itself had four colossal sphinx statues each more than 26 feet long. its meaning.The Great Sphinx of Giza In a depression to the south of Khafre’s pyramid at Giza near Cairo sits a huge creature with the head of a human and a lion’s body. page 4 . There are. however. a New Kingdom temple and some other small structures. the body of a lion and the wings of a bird. usually with the head of a king wearing his headdress and the body of a lion. known as the Great Sphinx. it is a complex which consists not only of the great statue itself. and the secrets that it might hold. is a national symbol of Egypt. there are numerous sphinxes. scholars. but also of its old temple. carved out the Great Sphinx. sphinxes with ram heads that are associated with the god Amun. In Egypt. It is also closely related to Khafre’s Valley Temple. It has stirred the imagination of poets. The material of the Sphinx is the limestone bedrock. The Great Sphinx is believed to be the most immense stone sculpture in the world ever made by man. it must be noted that the Sphinx is not an isolated monument and that it must be examined in the context of its surroundings. which originated fifty million years ago from sediments deposited at the bottom of sea waters that engulfed northeast Africa during the Middle Eocene period. some fifty million years later. The word “sphinx”. This monumental statue. which means ‘strangler’. adventurers and tourists for centuries and has also inspired a wealth of speculation about its age. There was a shoal and coral reef that grew over the southern slope of the embankment. However. the first truly colossal royal sculpture in Egypt. Specifically.
2 3 The revived Mannerist sphinx of the 16th century is sometimes thought of as the French sphinx. Each culture claims its own folk tales of various beasts and beast-like creatures.1 Sphinxes Around the World From the earliest time. Her body is naturalistically rendered as a lying or sitting lion. Her coiffed head is erect and she has the pretty bust of a young woman. which updated the vocabulary of the Roman grottesche. 4 page 5 5 . Often she wears ear drops and pearls. Sphinxes were included in the decoration of the loggia of the Vatican Palace by the workshop of Raphael (1515-20). mythological creatures have captured the interest of humanity.
1. Why do you think that a man/animal combination was used as a guardian? 3 marks 10. What material is it made of? 1 mark 7. Support them with visual images from the Internet. What does the Great Sphinx of Giza seem to guard? 2 marks 9. What is the name of the largest and the most famous sphinx? 1 mark 4.THEORY TASK PART 1 (20 marks) Copy the following questions into your theory notebook and answer them. 4 marks page 6 . In your own words. describe the mystery lying behind the Great Sphinx of Giza?. What does the word ‘sphinx’ mean and where did it come from? 2 marks 2. at least). At what time was it approximately made? 1 mark 6. Explain how it was made. hand drawn diagram and sketches. Where is it situated? 1 mark 5. In what three ways can sphinxes be represented? 3 marks 3. Refer to the video watched in class (one paragraph. 2 marks 8.
(4 Marks) 4. What do you think was the initial idea for creating this composition? Explain your point of view. Describe the context of this sculptural composition. 1. Do you think it successfully fits into its surrounding environment? (3 Marks) page 7 . It is made of metal. (4 Marks) 6. These sculptures are made from metal. (2 Marks) 3. This sculptural composition is situated at the front of Giorgio restaurant in Malvern. Describe the subject matter of this sculptural composition. Give an evaluation of this composition.CONTEMPORARY SCULPTURE Observe closely the photoimages displayed on this page. What feelings and ideas do these sculptures convey? (3 Marks) 5. (4 Marks) 2. How do you think they were made? Research ‘metal sculpture techniques’ in encyclopedias and on the Internet to help answer this question.
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