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Sarah- Nada- Muneera- QamarAlaa- Wejdan
First!! To find if it is left or right use the Nada Tashkandi Rule :P Put the tooth in front of you [if max the root upward & if mand the root downward] Identify the mesial & see it is toward which hand [if toward your left hand it¶s left if toward the right it¶s right] .
The distal=more rounded .Maxillary Central Incisors: The distal outline of the crown is more convex than the mesial outline The mesial=right angle.
Lateral: The geometric outline of the crown is much like that of the central incisors. rounder. Maxillary . It may be either shallow or deep and more concave. Mesial= Longer. is more pronounced than on the central incisor. Distal= Shorter. Cingulum: Although smaller in area. straighter.
& cingulum is not prominent.Mandibular Central: The crown is nearly bilaterally symmetrical Lateral: The distoincisal angle is more rounded than the mesioincisal angle. . This helps to distinguish rights from lefts.
Distal slope is longer than the mesial slope. Notice the mesial ridge. and the prominent cingulum that sometimes appears as a pointed cusp . & the tip is closer to the mesial. Distally: Is usually concave between the cervical line and the distal contact area.Maxillary Canines Mesially: Is usually convex from the cervical line to the mesial contact area.
The lingual surface of the crown resembles those of the lower incisors in being smooth. then. Distally it is slightly concave in the cervical third. . it becomes convex incisally. However: A faint lingual ridge is running from the cusp tip to the cingulum The cingulum is poorly developed The mesial marginal ridge is longer & straighter than the distal marginal ridge.Mandibular Canines The mesial slope of the cusp is shorter than the distal slope. more so than on maxillary canine The cusp is less pointed than that of upper canine.
The mesial ridge is slightly higher than the distal ridge & it is shorter occlusaly. . Max.Maxillary Premolars The maxillary first and second premolars are more alike than the mandibular premolars. The maxillary first premolar has a longer crown and a shorter root ( TWO ROOTS) than the second premolar. It¶s the only tooth that has mesial slope larger than distal. premolar. first has a mesial depression & its buccal cusp is longer than it¶s lingual.
Max. Second Buccal & lingual cusps are about the same Has one root Distal slope longer than mesial unlike 1st. Occlusaly its more rounded .
Occlusaly we have .Mandibular 1st Premolar Mesial cusp ridge is shorter than the distal cusp ridge. Ridges show a notch.
Mandibular Two types: 3 cusped [2 lingual 1 buccal] 2 cusped [1 buccal 1 lingual] (second pic) nd 2 premolar .
Sahn El- . Prof.Mesial Aspect The tip of the mesio-lingual cusp or of the lingual cusp mesiois usually about. A. on a line with the lingual outline of the root. root. but not as far towards the lingual as on lower mandibular first premolar. El. premolar.
1 lingual] its rhomboidal in shape. Lingual cusps higher than the buccal cusps. Obvious oblique line [ between mesiolingual & distobuccal cusps] Mesial ridge higher than distal ridge Largest cusp is the mesiolingual that has cusp of carabelli under it.Molars Generally Max 1st : 3 roots [2 buccal.[ by identifying this cusp you can tell which is the mesial side!] .
Mandibulars have two roots mesial & distal 1st mand has a distal cusp. Second max looks like first but all features are smaller + no carabelli 3rd max looks like first but everything is smaller or like the second. . Usually heart shaped. 2nd has no distal cusp.