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Starter Manual
March 2011

Remember, you can always find East by staring directly at the sun.
Bart Simpson, character in "The Simpsons"

There are certainly many ways to find your way into the CAE world of HyperWorks. One such possible way is depicted in the Starter-Kit document. Once you have access to HyperWorks—either through a campus license or a student license — some kind of elementary questions may arise: What you need to know about HyperWorks How to get started? Where to learn more about HyperWorks? The HyperWorks Starter-Kit aims at providing answers hereto. Some first theoretical FEM knowledge is expected, however. In an overview, the general FEM process may be summarised as: It appears that the process as such is rather straight forward (we deliberately do not say „easy―).

It helps to study the effects of e.g. 3D element type and size on the modeling results. At that point the HyperMesh GUI & solver syntax is put in the „back ground―. So depending on your knowledge, you may use the full HyperMesh GUI directly from the start or you may go the easy way employing the FEM Guide. It is up to you.

The HyperWorks Starter Kit comprises:
What is HyperWorks— Overwiew HyperWorks Desktop - General Introduction Graphical User Interface (GUI), Help Menu The HyperMesh „Philosophy― Model Browser & Collectors, Selection of entities User Profile Recommended Tutorials & Videos Simplified 3D FEM Process Guide The start-up aid for absolute FEM beginners Working with CAD Geometry Terminology, Working with Geometry Recommended Tutorials & Videos Meshing 2D Quality & Compatibility Recommended Tutorials & Videos Material & Properties Loads & Constraints Loadstep / Substep Export of solver deck, solve Postprocessing Where to learn more about HyperWorks General Remarks

However, there are plenty of pitfalls everywhere. Where do expect modeling problems and uncertainites? In the context of this starter manual the general working procedure and likely pitfalls related to CAD data, meshing, material & properties, and loads & constraints are discussed in some detail. As a start-up aid for the absolute FEM beginners the „Simplified 3D FEM Process Guide― has proven to be very helpful. The process guide may be used along with simple 3D geometry.

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Starter Manual
What is HyperWorks—Overview (I) March 2011

HyperWorks®, The Platform for Innovation™ HyperWorks is an enterprise simulation solution for rapid design exploration and decision-making. As one of the most comprehensive CAE solutions in the industry, HyperWorks provides a tightly integrated suite of best-inclass tools for modeling, analysis, optimization, visualization, reporting, and performance data management. Firmly committed to an open-systems philosophy, HyperWorks continues to lead the industry with the broadest interoperability to commercial CAD and CAE solutions. HyperWorks Modeling & Visualisation HyperWorks Desktop Integrated user environment for modeling and visualization Note: The HyperWorks 11.0 Student Version and the Starter-Kit are based on the HyperWorks Desktop Solution. Nevertheless, the Starter-Kit is also suited for users employing the „stand-alone― HyperMesh and HyperView versions. The products referenced (and employed) in the StarterKit are marked bold & italic! HyperMesh Universal finite element pre- and postprocessor. HyperMesh is a highperformance finite element pre- and post-processor for major finite element solvers, which allows engineers to analyze design conditions in a highly interactive and visual environment. HyperMesh’s user-interface is easy to learn and supports the direct use of CAD geometry and existing finite element models, providing robust interoperability and efficiency. Advanced automation tools within HyperMesh allow users to optimize meshes from a set of quality criteria, change existing meshes through morphing, and generate mid-surfaces from models of varying thickness

MotionView Multi-body dynamics pre- and postprocessor HyperView High performance finite element and mechanical systems postprocessor, engineering plotter, and data analysis tool HyperView is a complete post -processing and visualization environment for finite element analysis (FEA), multibody system simulation, video, and engineering data. Amazingly fast 3-D graphics and unparalleled functionality set a new standard for the speed and integration of CAE results post-processing. HyperView enables you to visualize data interactively as well as capture and standardize your post-processing activities using process automation features. HyperView also saves 3-D animation results in Altair's compact H3D format so you can visualize and share CAE results within a 3-D web environment using HyperView Player.

HyperGraph Engineering plotter and data analysis tool ScriptView HyperWorks IDE (Integrated Development Environment) for developing and debugging TCL and HyperMath Language (HML) scripts Templex General purpose text and numeric processor

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from linear statics and linear dynamics to complex nonlinear transient dynamics and mechanical systems. HyperMath Solutions HyperMath Mathematical scripting language for numerical computation HyperStudy Integrated optimization.HyperWorks Page 3 Starter Manual What is HyperWorks—Overview (II) March 2011 HyperWorks®. analysis. safety. The Platform for Innovation™ HyperWorks Solvers RADIOSS Finite element solver for linear and non-linear problems RADIOSS is a state-of-the-art finite element solver uniting implicit and explicit integration schemes for the solution of a wide variety of engineering problems. and design optimization HyperForm A unique finite element based sheet metal forming simulation software solution HyperXtrude An finite element solver and user environment that enables engineers to analyze material flow and heat transfer problems in extrusion and rolling applications HyperMold Provides a highly efficient and customized environment for setting up models for injection molding simulation with Moldflow and Moldex3D HyperWeld Provides an efficient interface for setting up models and analyzing friction stir welding with the HyperXtrude Solver Forging Provides a highly efficient and customized environment for setting up models for complex threedimensional forging simulation with DEFOM3D Results Mapper Process Manager-based tool that provides a framework to initialize a structural model with results from a forming simulation Engineering Solutions Engineering Solutions A unified environment tailored specifically for certain engineering applications HyperCrash Specialized modeling environment for automotive crash and safety analysis solidThinking solidThinking Comprehensive NURBSbased 3D modeling and rendering environment for industrial design solidThinking Inspired Innovative morphogenesis form generation technology Back to page 1 . Processes can be created with the help of Process Studio. and robust design engine CAE Result Player HyperView Player Plug-in and stand-alone utility to share and visualize 3-D CAE models and results Manufacturing Solutions Manufacturing Solutions A unified environment for manufacturing process simulation. all-purpose finite element computational fluid dynamics (CFD) solver MotionSolve Multi-body dynamics solver OptiStruct Design and optimization software using finite elements and multi-body dynamics HyperWorks Enterprise Collaboration Tools A solution that organizes. AcuSolve General. DOE. manages. and fluid-structure interaction. crash. in order to bring innovative products to market faster. multidisciplinary solver enables designers to maximize performance related to durability. NVH. and stores CAE and test data throughout the simulation life cycle Process Manager Process automation tool for HyperWorks and third party software. manufacturability. This robust.

Geometry. Properties. the screen may be divided according to your needs.HyperWorks Page 4 Starter Manual General Remarks (I) March 2011 The HyperWorks Desktop Graphical User Interface Under Help-HyperWorks Desktop you will find answers related to „panels/ functions― and working techniques. The help menu may be accessed in different ways. Mesh. for instance. In addition. material definitions etc. a HyperMesh window next to a HyperView window. „sentences―. building a surface: .) and the pulldown menus are organized in such a way that you can build The HyperWorks Help Documentation The HyperWorks Help documentation is part of the HyperWorks installation. allowing you to place. Whenever you wonder about FEM solver related issues such as syntax. just activate „Help― in the Menu Bar. Materials. Bc‘s etc. you need to go to „Other Applications― HyperView.g. and HyperGraph etc. Tip: Just press „h― on your keyboard while your inisde a panel of HyperMesh and you will be directly guided to the corresponing help entry! In the Desktop environment you may switch between different applications (clients) such as HyperMesh. For instance. The HyperMesh „Philosophy“ Help document: HyperMesh > User's Guide > The HyperMesh Environment Tip: Start learning HyperMesh by using the Menu Bar The topics/titles in the Menu Bar (e. For instance.

Red=Close panel. No further action. what was created etc..g. Tip: Always watch the „Status Bar“ (left lower panel) for information! The information provided there is instrumental for your work (at least until you have a sound understanding on Elements & CAD: component collector (comps) Material: material collector (mats) Properties (e. The blue colored frame indicates which field expects your input (you can jump between yellow panels by mouse clicking or by activating the tab-buton) Green=Action.g.HyperWorks Page 5 Starter Manual General Remarks (II) March 2011 So the „sentence― would read: Geometry—Create—Surfaces-. In this case the surface would be build with respect to the specified lines. loads. How to read panels (e. properties.!! Model Browser In HyperMesh there are many browsers. The active collector is the storage place for newly created entities belongign to this brand of collector. etc. In this example the active component collector is named „rigid― which implies that newly created elements will be stored under „rigid― (regardless whether it is meaningful or not). what is missing. are stored in corresponding collectors: Yellow=HyperMesh expects your input here. Note: the collector written in bold letters is currently active. thickness of shell elements): property collector (props) Loads: load collector (loadcol) Collectors are best created within the model browser.Collectors can be made active simply with: „Make current“. create surface—ruled)? All entities of the FEM model such as elements. It is exacty this „spot― which tells you what is happening. geometry. materials. After that a panel will be displayed offering different methods on how to create the surface. The most important one to get started with is the „Model Browser― Help document: HyperMesh > User's Guide > Browsers > Model Browser Back to page 1 . how HyperMesh works)..

Note: All entities MUST (and will be) be placed in a corresponding collector. it is imperative that the activated (opened) panel requests this kind of information. Hence. If you miss to create the respective collector before the entity is created. Example: The panel Geometry-Create-Lines-from nodes does not say anything about surfaces. in the Geometry-Create-Lines-from surf edges panel you are „asked― to provide the information from which surface edges lines should be derived. At the same time the model browser controls which FEM entities are being displayed. Selection of entities (entities = elements. Of course. HyperMesh allocates the corresponding collector type automatically. other selection options do exist. In contrast. This collector is named „auto―. color etc.) Help document: HyperMesh > User's Guide > The HyperMesh Environment > The HyperMesh User Interface > Input Controls In order to select. The lD is being used by the FEM solver. the color is used for displaying elements. It is just right mouse click in the model browser. you can (actuallly have to) select surfaces. Read more: Help document: HyperMesh > User's Guide > The HyperMesh Environment > The HyperMesh User Interface > Input Controls Back to page 1 .) to another – at any time.HyperWorks Page 6 Starter Manual General Remarks (III) March 2011 The model browser is a kind of „list of contents― providing information about the loaded FEM model.g. geometry etc. Don‘t worry— you can change it‘s name. In this depicted example the mesh of the model is stored in a component named „mesh―.The respective surfaces can be selected directly via left mouse botton (deselection = right mouse button). the component owns a number (ID) and a color. Hence. Elements of the corresponding component may be displayed or non-displayed by activating – deactivating the icon Geometry of the corresponding component may be displayed or non-displayed by activating–deactivating the icon. component coll. at any time. for instance surfaces. You can also move entities from the same type of collector (e. there is no way to select surfaces in this panel.

Whenever FEM solver specific information needs to be applied to the model. For instance.HM-1000 Opening and Saving Files .HyperWorks Page 7 Starter Manual General Remarks (IV) March 2011 Panels: General Layout Panels often have sub-panels Accessed by radio buttons on the left side of the panel Panels generally work from left to right Example: Project / to plane sub-pan Mouse Buttons Left mouse button +CTRL & drag for rotate +CTRL & click on entity to change center of rotation +CTRL & click in graphics area.HM-1030 Controlling the Display . Note: In the HyperWorks Student Version Radioss (bulk). OptiStruct and the „Simplified FEM Process Guide― are available. you can export your model in the format of Abaqus. LS-Dyna. it is again imperative to „inform― HyperMesh about the FEM solver to be used. Marc etc. off entities to reset center to middle of screen Middle mouse button +CTRL & drag for zoom +CTRL & click for fit Right mouse button +CTRL & drag for pan HyperMesh allows you to build FE models for other popular solvers as well.HM-1010 Working with Panels . you need to register at the HyperWorks Client Center using your university E-Mail address) Interactive Tutorials (no HyperWorks installaltion required) HM-1010 Opening and Saving Models HM-1020 Working with Panels HM-1030 Organizing a Model Back to page 1 . Recommended Videos: (to view the free videos. Recommended Tutorials: Help Document: HyperMesh Tutorials > Basics > Getting Started with HyperMesh . only .HM-1020 Organizing a Model . Ansys. This is managed through the User Profile.HM-1040 User Profile Most likely your work will not end with meshing.

morphing. title of the project (later used as the model file name). allowing for either tetra– or hexahedral meshing. Note: The 3D Simplified FEM Process Guide works for simple solid geometries only. the FEM novice should explore the effects of. midsurface generation. with an given analytical solution are quite helpful in this regard. The project parameters are defined. specify the loads and constraints. 1. Due to the rather steep learning curve FEM beginners evolve into experts rather fast asking for more sophisticated technologies e. Instead of switching over to a new expert system with a new GUI and philosophy. Create the material (linear elastic).HyperWorks Page 8 Starter Manual The 3D Simplified FEM Process Guide March 2011 The 3D Simplified FEM Process Guide Ideally. It then will be automatically assigned to the volume elements. units etc. Note: Component-. Finally.e. load collectors as well as the loadstep are automatically created At „Solve Analysis― you may also view the FEM input deck (ASCII Syntax) as well as the solver log file. property-. The solver log file cotains information about model size. Simple models. 1st or 2nd order). You may download the process guide and a short explanation from within the Academic Blog. for instance element type and mesh size on the modeling result first. Take some time and view both files. etc. material-. The process guides you through all the instances of model creation—analysis—and postprocessing.g. date. 3. lines. i. Start volume meshing (tetra– or hexahedral mesh. The process guide is available as a User Profile (HyperWorks 11. hexahedral meshing.0 Student Version) or as an external routine which needs to be manually loaded into Hyper- Mesh (no installation required). estimated memory and CPU and lists (comments) any warnings and errors. In this first phase the usage of the FEM system should be as easy as possible. 4. surfaces and solids. it is far more efficient to stick to the known FEM system with expanded functionalities. The 3D Simplified FEM Process Guide is the „bridge― linking the two different requirements! 2. Back to page 1 . The model as such is either loaded (HyperMesh file or CAD data) or manualy created through nodes.

HyperWorks Page 9 Starter Manual Geometry (I) March 2011 Geometry Typically your CAE projects starts with the import of given CAD data e. Some problems related to geometry: Surfaces are not stiched together (i. Panels to be used for: Toggle surfaces (combining. Many times the troubles start now as the imported geometry is not reasonably meshable (btw. SolidWorks etc. HyperMesh is a commercial expert system with superior tools to overcome meshing troubles).g. Attention: red edges inside the geometry tell you that the surfaces are not stiched together (=gap). edges are colored respectively. the FE mesh will NOT be linked (not compatible). elements are placed across it. IGES..g.2 surfaces are stiched togehter. In other words. CATIA. Surfaces are „melted― togehter. (of course. Blue edges — Suppressed green edge. Right: improved CAD with regular mesh) The geometry is a thin-walled volume structure simplification needed: mid-surface model Surfaces intersect (t-connection) but don‘t „feel― each other Geometry is much too detailed (e. Middle: mesh with irregual shaped elements. „jumps― (see figure below. tiny fillets which are not needed for the analysis) … and many more . How to visualise the edge „colors―? Display is controlled in the „Tool Bar― by activating for instance „By 2D Topo― (surfaces turn into grey. All these issues typically result in a poor quality mesh! Back to page 1 . Red edges . STEP. UG. its nodes will line up with the green edge. Yellow edges — minimum of 3 edges are stich togehter. you may create your CAD model in HyperMesh as well). the FE mesh will be linked (compatible).e.. edges are colored respetively) or „Mixed― (surfaces are displayed in their original color (reminder: surfce color is controlled in the model browser). the FE mesh will be compatible. Left: CAD with „jumps.e. the mesher does not feel this edge. this one of the many reasons why HyperMesh is used in so many places i. stitching ) Trimming surfaces (splitting) Suppressing combined edges Tool Bar-Geometry-Quick Edit opens up a very comprehensive panel which allows you (among many other options) to execute the above listed tasks.indicates free surface edges. there is a gap between surfaces) Very small surfaces are squeezed between regular surfaces Surface edges do not line up properly forming What you need to know / remember: Geeen edges .

If you are targeting at hexahedral meshes (brick elements) then better use „Mapple―.HM-2060 Geometry and Mesh Editing Using the Quick Edit Panel .HyperWorks Page 10 Starter Manual Geometry (II) March 2011 How to create geometry (e. surfaces)? Just follow the standard recommendation made earlier — make use of the Menu Bar and try to build a sentence: Geometry-CreateSurfaces– … and then choose the way the surface should be created (… quite self-exemplanatory) In fact. the above listed rules also apply. Recommended Tutorials: Help Document: HyperMesh > HyperMesh Tutorials > Geometry Importing and Repairing CAD .HM-2000 Refining Topology to Achieve a Quality Mesh HM-2030 Creating and Editing Line Data . Check the model browser. the same rule (procedure) applies to other items/entities as well Note & reminder: The newly created geometry will be placed /stored in the currently active component collector.g. Back to page 1 . The before mentioned panels describe just a very minor fraction of HyperMesh‘s geometry cleanup funtionalities. you need to register at the HyperWorks Client Center using your university E-Mail address) Product Video (no HyperWorks installation required) Edit Geometry Demo Interactive Tutorial (no HyperWorks installation required) HM-2000 Importing and Repairing CAD Models To display information about the solid geometry topology („connectivity―) activate „By 3D Topo―. youwill automatically explore and learn more about other techniques. This mode displays important hexameshing information such as.HM-2040 Creating and Editing Solid Geometry . can the part be automatically hexa-meshed etc. If you are working on a solid geometry. Once you feel more comfortable with the process.HM-2070 Recommended Videos: (to view the free videos.

g. check the model browser and the status of the corresponding collector (is the elem icon activated?) The 2D meshing panel is then opened Back to page 1 . Note: In case you don‘t see any mesh. Not really. In this example the geometry is still shaded. Start meshing. surfaces ares stitched together — no unwanted red edges inside the geometry) is completed meshing is next. Start with a coarse mesh and understand the modeling results. Use the simplest element type suited for the problem. default (is a combination of many quad-shaped elements and some tria elements). Some rules of thumb first: The mesh should look ra the r s m oo th a nd regular (keep in mind that the analysis is based on your mesh & mesh quality. Leads to rather smooth meshes. Putting the geometry in wireframe and shading the elements improves the mesh visibility. It is a matter of your visual settings. Elems to current comp = specifies the „storage― place of the elements (please see General remearks II & III). Elems to surf comp vs.HyperWorks Page 11 Starter Manual Meshing (I) March 2011 Meshing Once geometry cleanup (e. overprinting the mesh in some spots. explore the meaning of the other settings latter! What may happen is that the mesh looks a bit wired … Some surfaces apparently have cause troubles. then use a finer mesh if needed Try to limit mesh related uncertainites to a minimum if possible—make it simple it will get more complicated automatically 2D Meshing Menu Bar—Mesh—Create—2D Automesh Note: Remember the sentence structure What you need to know: Element size = the element size in the model may deviate from the specified size considerably (it depends on the size of the surface) Mesh type = mixed.

failed elements etc. the following section exceeds the intentions of this Starter Kit as we‘re going into some details: How to isolate the failed elements from the rest? Just follow this process: Perform element check (e. Read more: Help document: HyperMesh > Meshing > Checking & Editing Mesh to find elements stored in the User Mark.5 Taper 0.HyperWorks Page 12 Starter Manual Meshing (II) March 2011 How to check element quality? Activate the corresponding icon will open up the check elements panel Advanced: Most likely. select „retrieve“ This action will display the failed elements only.5 / ? What you need to know: The element check is performed with respect to the elements displayed. not a MUST) Warpage 20 Aspect 5 Skew … Min angle Quads 40 Max angle Quads 140 Min angle Tria 30 Max angle Tria 15 Length … Jacobian 0. In order to better understand where are the failed elements / and why they failed add adjacent elements to the display by clicking on the icon Back to page 1 .g. Some typical values (depended on the simulation. In the Status Bar you will find a summary about the number of checked elements. length) Activate „save failed― (= failed elements are stored in the User Mark) Turn all elements off from the display (best by using the Model BrowActivate the Find icon ser) Insert your values and then Green=action. Elements in the User Marsk can be accessed by clicking the yellow „elems― panel (which opens the extend selection window). and NOT with respect to the entire database of the model (which may contain more elements).

bad quality elements can be found at surface edges due to „misaligned― surface edges. or replace point or simply split (trim) surface-node What you need to remember: After meshing is completed your results may look „strange―: You may see only some elements. Hereto. Most of the time. To resolve this issue.HyperWorks Page 13 Starter Manual Meshing (III) March 2011 Whenever you encounter bad quality elements it is important (actually helpful) to understand its causes. Meshing this area leads to (unwanted) tapered elements. in big models these problematic spots may be hard to see.e. for instance by surpressing a green (shared) edge (toggle) or by replacing the geometry points to the same location. Geom-wireframe Elems-shaded Mesh compatibility How to check for elements not properly merged (linked) together? To search for nodes being not equivalenced (merged) use Mesh-CheckNodesEquivalence If free element edges are found (i.e. Back to page 1 . you may try the functionality: Geometry-Quick Edit-toggle edge. just activate the icon: Unmask Adjacent This will eventually create „Islands of troubles― which help you to locate and understand its causes. their nodes not being merged with other nodes). add (attach) the 2D elements adjacent to the 1D Plot elements i. 1D Plot elements are automatically created and stored in the component collector named ^edges. Just turn off all other component collectors (through the Model Browser) and you will see the „problematic― areas (connectivities). these are the elements which are not properly merged. or by splitting (trimming) the surfaces produces a highly improved mesh. Still. Make sure that the geometry visualisation is set to wireframe and the element display is set to be shaded. Improving the surface connectivity. others seem to disappear etc. Therefore.

HM-3300 Recommended Videos (to view the free videos.HyperWorks Page 14 Starter Manual Meshing (IV) March 2011 Recommended Tutorials: Help Document: HyperMesh Tutorials > Meshing > 2-D Elements > AutoMeshing . no HyperWorks installation required) Mesh Creation and Editing Demonstration Editing Mesh Demonstration Toplogy Revision Using Quick Edit and Automatic Remeshing Interactive Tutorials (no HyperWorks installation required) HM-2030 Refining Topology to Achieve a Quality Mesh HM-3100 AutoMeshing Back to page 1 .HM-3100 Checking and Editing Mesh . you need to register at the HyperWorks Client Center using your university E-Mail address) Product Videos (10-15 minute.

temperature-independent. materials. Reminder: In the HyperWorks Student Version Radioss (bulk).HyperWorks Page 15 Starter Manual Material March 2011 Material If not already previously specified it is now imperative to define the User Profile (FEM Program to be used for the analysis). One simple way is a right mouse button click in the Model Browser (CreateMaterial). steel (note: there is no material database behind steel. Isoptropic.g. Just click on the corresponding „label― which then will open up a field allowing you to enter the corresponding value.g. 2. elements. Assign a name to it e. you‘ll need to specify the data in the next step yourself). Poisson’s Ratio (nu). Specify a Card Image (Card images are defined within a solver interface template and allow for creation. loads etc. 1. This opens up a window asking you for the material type e. Typically you need to now values for Young’s Modulus (E). OptiStruct and the „Simplified FEM Process Guide― are available. editing. 3. Mass Density (Rho). Here we use the User Profile OptiStruct. only . 4. isotropic materials. and deletion of a solver card within a HyperMesh model (in simpler and less acurate words — the Card Image defines the FEM solver syntax) MAT 1 defines the material properties for linear. Defining Material Data: There are multiple ways to create FE entitites such a surfaces. General Information about MAT1: Help Document: Reference Guide > Bulk Data Format > Input Data > Bulk Data Section: MAT1 Recommended Reading: Help Document: Reference Guide > Bulk Data Format > Input Data > Material Property Check: Material Property Checks for MAT1 Back to page 1 .

Before creating the Property Collector. Assign a name to the property e. For instance. select the register Material. activate Assign material. the calulated stresses will be displayed in MPa directly. if you use Force in N. We need to set the Type to 2D 2.HyperWorks Page 16 Starter Manual Material & Property (I) March 2011 Note: Pay attention to the unit system—be consistent throughout your model e. Young‘s Modulus in N/mm2. Specify a Card Image (~FEM solver syntax): PSHELL General Information about PSHELL Help Document: Reference Guide > Bulk Data Format > Input Data > Bulk Data Section: PSHELL 4. Most popular units are: Property As with the material definition. Mass in tons. and select the previously created material (if you wish to view the material (its vlaues) just click on Edit). Back to page 1 . 1. don‘t mix mm and m or kilogram and tons in the model … In fact.g. prop_2D 3. Density tons/mm3 etc. chosing the corect units will make your life easier. make use of the Model Browser – Right Mouse Button Click: In the following we assume that the model consists of 2D elements.g.

4 different T values you need to create 4 different property collectors. In the Model Browser Right Mouse Button Click on the property collector of interest.. then select „Assign―. This opens up a panel which allows you to select the Note: Elements without assigned property or material will be shown in grey color. Note: If you need e. respective elements . the Property Collector comprises information about both. the (element) thickness and the material to be used.HyperWorks Page 17 Starter Manual Property (II) March 2011 4. Back to page 1 . respectivly. The property collector must be assigned to the elements.. Tip: Never use grey color for property and material collector as it will hinder the visual check. Thus. As we are dealing with 2D elements all you need to do is to specifiy their assigned thickness T.g. We are almost through! 5. Make sure that the check box: „Card edit property upon creation― is activated. Only then you‘ll see „inside― the property collector : To visually check the property (and hence material) assigned to the elements change the visual attributes of the elements: You will note that the elements will be displayed in the color of the material– and property collector.

Note: Constraints are also called Single Point Constraints (SPC) Applying Foces: 2. dof6) by activating the respective check box. OptiStruct > FEA Setup and Modeling: How can I apply multiple constraints or loads in a subcase? selcted node(s) by 1 (unit as in material definition) in x—direction. also dof4. z-axis. Assign a Name and a Color (to be used for display purposes). Then enter the panel BC‘s-Create-Forces Back to page 1 .z-direction (dof1. For simple models typically no CardImage is needed Learn more: Help Document: Frequently Asked Questions > RADIOSS (Bulk Data Format). We need to create a load collector first. the constraints as such need to be applied In the fourth step of the General FEM Process loads and constraints are applied to the model.HyperWorks Page 18 Starter Manual Loads & Constraints (I) March 2011 Loads & Constraints Once the load collector (here named „constraints―) has been created. assign a name and color.y-. Leaving the check box blank simply implies: constraint is not activated. dof2. Applying Constraints: The selected node(s) will be constraint with respect to translational displacements in x-. dof5. y-. As in step 1 we need to create a load collector. dof3) and/or their rotational degrees of freedom (rotation about x-. no CardImage needed. Right Mouse Button Click in the Model Browser. The setting depicted below moves the 1.

. The direction of the force may be defined along the direction defined through N1 and N2 (N3 not defined). The corresponding panel „asks― you for a name of the load step and which constraints (SPC) and forces (LOAD) are acting simultaneously. Finally. we need to create a load step (also called substep or subcase) How can I specify an enforced displacement in a subcase (or loadstep) in an OptiStruct input deck? What kinds of checking does the check run perform? What is the difference between the CHECK and the ANALYSIS card in the input deck? Help Document: HyperMesh Entities & Solver Interfaces Recommended Video (to view the free videos.HyperWorks Page 19 Starter Manual Loads & Constraints (II) March 2011 The unit system of the forces applied to the nodes corresponds to what was used in the material card (e. Through the Model Browser the constraints and load symbols can be turned on/off. Before hitting the solve button check the model again for any likely errors. OptiStruct > FEA Setup and Modeling: How can I apply multiple constraints or loads in a subcase? Note: Constraints and forces MUST be stored in different load collectors. you need to register at the HyperWorks Client Center using your university E-Mail address) Product Video (no HyperWorks installation required ) HyperMesh 10. Now the model set-up is completed. By the way – where would you expect errors or at least modeling uncertainites? Recommended Tutorial Help Document: HyperWorks Solvers > RADIOSS > Basic Small Displacement Finite Element Analysis: Linear Static Analysis of a Plate with a Hole . The analysis type is also specified in here. Young‘s Modulus N/mm2). along the normal of a plane (N1.g.RD-1000 Recommended Reading Help Document: Frequently Asked Questions > RADIOSS (Bulk Data Format). This will cause an error during the analysis. The same accounts for constraints. The forces stored within a load collector can be different with respect to their orientation and/or magnitude. N3) or through (just activate the toggleleft of N1) Attention: Don‘t mix up the constraints and load collectors. N2.0 Self Paced Update Back to page 1 The magnitude you may specify in here refers to the symbol size used for displaying the forces (the same option is available in the constraints panel).

Errors simply will terminate the run. Export the model (ASCII format). Errors may be issued if element quality is out of the (default) range of bad but still acceptable values. you only need to specify the model name / file name.for instance PSOLID which belongs to 3D elements (instead of PSHELL).out file (ASCII format).HyperWorks Page 20 Starter Manual Solve March 2011 Run Analysis & Postprocessing In the Standard HyperWorks version you may use Applications-RADIOSS instead. geometry). The latter may indicate that in the Property Collector a CardImage not suited for 2D elements was used . Some errors are directly displayed in the GUI However. Note: Please use the file extension *. 2. The *. As an example: *** ERROR # 1237 *** CQUAD4 element number 2 references a missing property ID 2 or uses property of incorrect type for this element type. the best way to understand and resolve errors is to check the *. Back to page 1 In the Student Version the analysis can be started through Analysis-Radioss . Most likely your first run will be accompanied by warnings and/or errors. As the User Profile was previously set to OptiStruct. step 5) OR the property assigned to the element is incorrect. 1.fem Make sure that „run options:― is set to „analysis― and „export options:― to „all―.out file is saved in the directory of the model run. This tells us that the CQUAD4 element (standard element type) is missing a property: this may indicate that we missed to assign the property to the element (see page 15. Save the final version of the model as an *.all entities are saved incl. Warnings indicate that for instance. the element quality is poor.hm file (binary format.

This is a quite dangerous conception—be careful. magnitude of your loading. there may be typos in the Young‘s modulus. element thickness. Tip: Animate your results—even though it was a static analysis. stresses are changing significantly ac- After reading in the results file (*. Is the local „response― of the model „correct―? Note: FEM programs do not check whether the input data are meaningful. Another mesh effect becomes apparent: the stress pattern in „B― is not symmetrical.HyperWorks Page 21 Starter Manual Solve & Postprocessing March 2011 Note: Read the error message in the out file (you don‘t need to understand every single word). wrong constraints. coarse mesh―. now. For instance. take the hint about „missing property―. This is imposed by the „distorted― Quad-Elements and the Tria-Elements … and specify „Result type: Displacement― Are the displayed magnitudes reasonable? Magnitudes in the order of e. mesh „mistakes― etc. In the HyperWorks 11. This for sure will help you resolving the error.g. As depicted in the figure „B.res or *. In „A― this transition is smoother. and check the global and local (where the constraints are placed) model behavior Another helpful check related to likely mesh effects is carried out by plotting element stresses (not averaged). For instance. Regardless whether it is correct or not. Check the constraints in some detail. go back to your model and check everything associated with „property―. As long as the FEM can solve the equations — you will get a result.h3d) have a look at the global displacements. Postprocessing The FEM run went through – you may think that everything must be ok.0 Desktop Version split the screen and activate the client HyperView (Postprocessing). „Severe― stress jumps across elements (not across material boundaries) typically indicate that the mesh needs to be refined. Back to page 1 . Activate the icon ross two elements (from red to green). despite the symmetrical model (and loading). 10e5 indicate that the model is pursuing a kind of rigid body motion —> constraints are erroneous.

element thickness. For instance.HV-1010 are high. Regardless whether it is correct or not.HyperWorks Page 22 Starter Manual Postprocessing March 2011 Another option to better see any likely mesh effects is given by creating a Difference Plot i. wrong constraints. Recommended Reading Help Document: HyperView > Graphical User Interface > HyperView Toolbars: Results Toolbar Help Document: HyperView > Animation Types (HyperView) Help Document: HyperView > Results > Deformed Panel Help Document > User‘s Guide > Animating Results > Contour Panel Back to page 1 . there may be typos in the Young‘s modulus. plotting the difference between the maximum and minimum corner results at a node. mesh „mistakes“ etc. In the coarse mesh (B) the nodal differences Recommended Tutorials Help Document: HyperWorks Desktop > HyperView > Animation: Loading Model Files . In the figure the maximum nodal difference values are depicted. magnitude of your loading. As long as the FEM can solve the equations — you will get a result.e.HV1000 Help Document: HyperWorks Desktop > HyperView > Animation:Using the Animation Controls . General Remark: FEM programs do not check whether the input data are meaningful. indicating an unsuitable mesh.

boundaries) the component is embedded in? What do you know about the component you are modeling / analysing? Is there any information available about its current performance? Are there similar models and solutions available? What about the timetable? What about available hardware and software? Is the software suited to solve the physics involved? Where is the model data (material.altairunversity. is the result independent of element size and type)? In the summary report: Is the model description sufficient and self explanatory (i. displacements) meaningful? How robust is the result (for instance. type of elements. loads etc. and Manufacturing you may should look at: Standard HyperWorks tutorials available within the HyperWorks Help installation Standard seminar notes (see the Academic Blog for a comprehensive overview) Webinars (product specific & industry related) Attend highly discounted seminars at Altair and at your campus User Meetings Academic Newsletter Academic Blog (www. number) If you assumed a linear static case: are the deflections and rotations small? Did you discuss the model & results with your colleagues? Back to page 1 .e. displacements)? What do you know about the environment― (i. sometimes you learn so much during a short coffee break which otherwise would cost you half a day of trial an error … Throughout the CAE project always ask yourself: Preprocessing: What is the principle objective of the study (stresses. Multibody Dynamics.com) Foren (listed in the Academic Blog) General Remarks Never dare asking questions.) coming from? When? What are the uncertainties? Did you use consistent units in the model? Postprocessing: Does the model behave in a way you would expect (engineering knowledge)? Are the calculated magnitudes (stresses. size. Analysis (implicit & explicit).e. constraints.HyperWorks Page 23 Starter Manual End & Beginning March 2011 Where to learn more about HyperWorks To improve your practical skills regarding Modeling. Optimization.

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