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Connecting to the Future
Q and A
• General Test
M FRO Y! D LOA DA WN EB TO DO E W TH
for the GRE
Version 2.0 (U.S. $45*)
• Two actual computer-adaptive tests that allow you to practice under testing conditions • Hundreds of authentic practice questions with explanations
• IBM-compatible PC • 486 or better processor • 8 megabytes of RAM • Microsoft Windows, version 3.1, 95, 98, or NT 4.0 • VGA monitor; mouse • CD-ROM drive
• Get advice about how to write effective essays for both the Issue and Argument tasks • Practice writing essays under simulated GRE testing conditions
Order online at www.ets.org/store.html or call 1-800-537-3160
or 1-609-771-7243 (outside the U.S. and Canada). Ask for Dept. P22.
Refund policy: No refunds on books or downloadable software. Refunds will be made for unopened packaged software received with original packing slip within 30 days of order date. * Price does not include shipping, handling, and applicable taxes, and may be subject to change.
Looking for answers to your questions about taking the GRE General Test and the new Writing Assessment on computer?
The GRE Program offers a series of different tests: the General Test, Subject Tests in 14 disciplines, and, beginning October 1999, the new Writing Assessment. Both the General Test and the new, separate Writing Assessment are available in computer-based (CBT) format. The Subject Tests are available in the paper-based format only. This publication contains information about the computer-based General Test and Writing Assessment. Refer to the GRE Information and Registration Bulletin or the GRE Web site at www.gre.org for information about the Subject Tests and additional information about the GRE Program.
Copyright © 1999 by Educational Testing Service. EDUCATIONAL TESTING SERVICE, ETS, the ETS logo, GRE, GRADUATE RECORD EXAMINATIONS, and POWERPREP are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service. The modernized ETS logo and GradAdvantage are trademarks of Educational Testing Service. Sylvan Technology Centers is a registered trademark of Sylvan Learning Systems, Inc. The terms and conditions in this publication are subject to change. VISA is a registered trademark of VISA International Service Association. MasterCard is a registered trademark of MasterCard International Inc. American Express is a registered service mark of the American Express Company.
What are some benefits of computer-based testing?
For both the General Test and the Writing Assessment, computer-based testing offers • individual scheduling on a first-come, first served basis • comfortable testing environment • official score reports mailed 10-15 days after testing For the General Test only, computer-based testing also offers • questions tailored to each test taker’s ability level • immediate viewing of unofficial scores on screen • opportunity to choose four score recipients after viewing unofficial scores
When and where will the computer-based General Test and Writing Assessment be offered?
Testing is scheduled year-round at approximately 300 domestic and approximately 190 permanent international computer-based testing centers. See “Test Registration” on page 10.
Are there accommodations for test takers with disabilities?
ETS is committed to serving test takers with disabilities by providing services and reasonable accommodations deemed appropriate given the purpose of the test. Test centers can provide the following: wheelchair access, extended testing time, additional breaks, selectable background and foreground colors, test readers, recorders of answers, and sign language interpreters (for spoken directions only). The following can be made available to those who are familiar with their use: Kensington Trackball mouse, HeadMaster Plus Mouse, Intellikeys keyboard, and ZOOMTEXT. Registration for test takers with disabilities must be done through the mail. See the GRE Web site or Bulletin for registration procedures.
How is security handled?
Examinees must present proper photobearing identification at the test center, where a digital photo of each examinee is also taken. Examinees sign in and sign out when entering or leaving the testing room, and their photo IDs and signatures are checked every time.
The testing area is monitored by proctors and by video systems. Individual, separated testing stations provide privacy and security. During transmission, data are encrypted to prevent unauthorized access. Once a test question has been exposed to a certain number of test takers at particular score levels, it is removed from the active question file.
How is the computer-based General Test structured?
The General Test consists of three scored sections: • Verbal - 30 questions, 30 minutes • Quantitative - 28 questions, 45 minutes • Analytical - 35 questions, 60 minutes In addition, you will most likely encounter an unidentified pretest section, which can appear in any location in your test. This section will be another verbal, quantitative, or analytical section. You may also be presented with an identified research section, which will always appear as the last section of your test session. The pretest and research sections are not scored. Pretesting allows measurement specialists to evaluate the appropriateness of each question before it is included in scored sections. Research sections are used for various purposes, such as trying out new question types.
How does the computer-based General Test work?
The computer-based General Test is a computer-adaptive test, in which questions are selected while you take the test. The first question is of middle difficulty. The computer algorithm selects the second and subsequent questions on the basis of several factors, including • the statistical characteristics (including difficulty level) of the preceding questions, and whether those questions were answered correctly or incorrectly • the required variety of question types • coverage of specific content Your score will be based on the number of questions you answer as well as on the difficulty levels of the questions you answer correctly and incorrectly.
What skills are measured in the Writing Assessment?
The GRE Writing Assessment gives you the opportunity to display your critical thinking and analytical writing skills. It assesses your ability to articulate and support complex ideas, analyze an argument, and sustain
a focused and coherent discussion. It is not a test of specific content knowledge, and there is no single best way to respond. For these reasons, and because you will be developing your own well-reasoned responses rather than selecting answers from a multiple-choice list, the new assessment provides very different information about your abilities than that provided by the GRE General Test.
What is the Writing Assessment like?
The assessment consists of two analytical writing tasks: a 45-minute “Present Your Perspective on an Issue” task and a 30-minute “Analyze an Argument” task. The “Issue” task states an opinion on an issue of general interest and asks you to address the issue from any perspective(s) you wish, providing relevant reasons and examples to explain and support your views. The “Argument” task presents a different challenge: it requires you to critique an argument by discussing how well reasoned you find it. You will need to consider the logical soundness of the argument rather than agree or disagree with the position it presents. The two tasks are complementary in that one requires you to construct your own argument about an issue, whereas the other requires you to critique someone else’s argument by assessing its claims and evaluating the evidence it provides.
Do I need to be computer literate to take the General Test or Writing Assessment?
General Test — You can take the General Test even if you have little or no previous computer experience, or have never used a computer mouse. The instructions you will get in the hands-on tutorials before the test will give you all the experience you will need to take the test on computer using a mouse. You will be able to spend as much time as you need on the tutorials before you start the actual timed test. To learn more about the tutorials, visit the GRE Web site at www.gre.org/cbttest.html. Writing Assessment — Some knowledge of a computer keyboard and some typing skills would be helpful. The word-processing program does not include spell check or grammar check functions. Examinees are given scratch paper to use for organizing thoughts.
How can I prepare for the computer-based General Test?
• POWERPREP® Software Version 2.0 - Test preparation for the GRE General Test and Writing Assessment - contains two actual computer-adaptive General Tests that allow you to practice under testing conditions. The package includes tutorials, test-taking strategies, hundreds of authentic practice questions with explanations, and immediate GRE-equivalent score results. • NEW GRE Diagnostic Service - Take a series of online diagnostic questions at http:/grediagnostic.ets.org and receive immediate feedback on the skills measured by the General Test. Although the following publications contain tests in paper-based format, they are valuable practice materials for the computer-based General Test because question types are the same for both formats. • Practicing to Take the GRE General Test - 9th Edition contains 7 actual paper-based GRE General Tests and a Math Review. Features 1 test with explanations of answers. • Practicing to Take the GRE General Test - Big Book contains 27 actual paper-based GRE General Tests - more than 5,000 questions total. Contains the tests included in the 9th edition. • Visit www.gre.org to try interactive sample questions. Download the free GRE Practice General Test and/or Sample Questions with Explanations or contact the GRE Program to receive copies of these publications. (See back cover.)
How can I prepare for the Writing Assessment?
• POWERPREP® Software Version 2.0 - Test preparation for the GRE General Test and Writing Assessment - gives advice about how to write effective essays for the Issue and Argument tasks. It will also let you practice writing essays under simulated GRE testing conditions, using the same GRE word processor and testing tools that appear in the test. • You can find information on scoring criteria, advice on how to write effective essays, and a complete list of topics for both tasks on the Web site at www.gre.org/writing.html or by contacting the GRE Program.
Where can I purchase these study materials?
For fast processing with VISA®, MasterCard®, or American Express®: • Order online at www.ets.org/store.html • Download POWERPREP at www.ets.org/store.html • Call 1-800-537-3160 or 1-609-771-7243 (if ordering outside the U.S. and Canada) • Fax your order and credit card payment to 1-609-771-7385 Or • Download the publications order form from the GRE Web site Practice materials are also available from many international educational advising centers. Check with your U.S. Embassy or Consulate for an office near you.
SCORING AND SCORE REPORTING
How is the computer-based General Test scored?
Your score will be based on the difficulty level of the questions you answer correctly and incorrectly, as well as on the number of questions you answer. You will receive a test score on every section regardless of the number of questions you answer, even if time expires before you answer all the questions. If you answer no questions in a section, that section will be reported as a No Score (NS).
Can I achieve a high score on the General Test even if I answer some questions wrong?
Yes. The test is designed to give you challenging questions. You should expect to answer some questions incorrectly.
Can I cancel my General Test score?
Upon completing the computer-based General Test, you can choose to immediately view your unofficial scores on screen or cancel them before viewing them. If you choose to cancel your scores, they cannot be reinstated and no refund will be made. Institutions will not receive any information about the scores you canceled.
When will my General Test scores be reported?
Score reports will be mailed to you and any designated institutions approximately 10-15 days after the test date. Test centers cannot provide copies of your scores to you.
How is the Writing Assessment scored?
Each essay will be evaluated by 2 readers on a 6-point holistic scale according to criteria published in the GRE scoring guides (see the Bulletin or Web site at www.gre.org/writing.html). Readers are college and university faculty experienced in teaching writing or writing-intensive courses. All GRE readers have undergone careful training, passed stringent GRE qualifying tests, and demonstrated that they are able to maintain a high degree of scoring accuracy. All identifying information about the test takers will be concealed from the readers, and readers will not know what other scores an essay may have received. The scoring procedure requires identical or adjacent scores from 2 readers; any other score combination will be adjudicated by a third reader. A Writing Assessment score representing the average of your scores for the 2 essays will be reported on the 6-point scoring scale
Can I cancel my Writing Assessment score?
Yes. You can choose to cancel your score at the end of the test session. Your essays will not be scored and no refund will be made. Once canceled, your score cannot be reinstated. Institutions will not receive any information about the score you canceled.
When will my Writing Assessment scores be reported?
Because of the scoring process, you will not receive your score at the test center. Score reports will be sent to you and to your designated institutions within 10 to 15 days after you take the test. Copies of your essays will not be released to you or score recipients.
Apply to graduate schools online at www.gradadvantage.org
Can I take both the computer-based General Test and Writing Assessment on the same day?
Yes. You can choose to take both tests on the same day. Because the Writing Assessment is NOT a component of the General Test, you must specify that you want to take both tests at the time you make your appointment.
How often can I take the computer-based General Test or Writing Assessment?
GRE policy states that you may take the computer-based General Test and/ or the Writing Assessment once per calendar month.
How can I schedule an appointment to test?
For testing in the United States, Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, U.S. Virgin Islands, and Canada, and if paying by VISA, MasterCard, or American Express, call 1-800-GRE-CALL (1-800-473-2255) or the test center directly to schedule an appointment. Refer to the GRE Information and Registration Bulletin or the Web site at www.ets.org/cbt/index.html for a current list of test centers. If paying by check, money order, or fee waiver, complete the Authorization Voucher Request Form located in the center of the Bulletin and mail it to: GRE/CBT Educational Testing Service PO Box 6020 Princeton, NJ 08541-6020 Schedule your appointment early to improve your chances of getting your preferred test date and to avoid the crowded testing period of November through January.
For international testing, and if paying by VISA, MasterCard, or American Express, phone the appropriate Regional Registration Center (RRC) listed below or fax the International Test Scheduling Form found in the center of the Bulletin. The form can also be printed from the GRE Web site. If paying by check or money order, complete the form and mail it to the appropriate RRC with payment. Schedule your appointment early to improve your chances of getting your preferred test date and to avoid the crowded testing period of November to January.
Regional Registration Centers
ASIA - Region 6
(For candidates testing in Bangladesh, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Mongolia, Nepal, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam) Sylvan Learning Systems®, B.V. Branch Office PO Box 12964 50794 Kuala Lumpur Malaysia Telephone: +60-3-467-8610 Fax: +60-3-467-8606
CHINA - Region 13
(For candidates testing in the People’s Republic of China) NEEA/Sylvan PrometricSM PO Box 8717 Beijing 100080 China Telephone: +86-10-6251-0901 Fax: +86-10-6251-0911
EUROPE - Region 12
(For candidates testing in Albania, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, England, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Scotland, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan) Sylvan Learning Systems B.V. CITO PO Box 1109 6801 BC Arnhem Netherlands Telephone: +31-26-352-1577 Fax: +31-26-352-1278
AUSTRALIA/PACIFIC - Region 1
(For candidates testing in Australia, Fiji, French Polynesia, Federated States of Micronesia, and New Zealand) Sylvan Learning Systems, Pty Ltd. PO Box 5343 Chatswood N.S.W. 2067 Australia Telephone: +61-2-9903-9797 Fax: +61-2-9415-3105
INDIA - Region 14
(For candidates testing in India) Sylvan Testing Services Pvt. Ltd. 1st Floor, Arcon Plaza 21, LSC Pushpa Vihar Madangir New Delhi 110-062 India Telephone: +91-11-699-0637 Fax: +91-11-699-7103
KOREA - Region 4
(For candidates testing in Korea) Korean-American Educational Commission (KAEC)/Sylvan Prometric Kohap Building, Suite 403 89-4 Kyongun-Dong Chongno-Gu Seoul 110-310 Republic of Korea Telephone: +82-2-722-5957 Fax: +82-2-735-4539
INDONESIA - Region 2
(For candidates testing in Indonesia) International Education Foundation/ Sylvan Prometric Menara Imperium, 28th Floor, Suite B Jalan H.R. Rasuna Said Metropolitan Kuningan, Superblok Kav. No. 1 12980 Jakarta Selatan Indonesia Telephone: +62-21-8317304 Fax: +62-21-8317306
LATIN AMERICA/CARIBBEAN Region 5
(For candidates testing in Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay, and Venezuela) Sylvan Learning Systems International Division 3110 Timanus Lane, Suite 200 Woodlawn Maryland 21244 U.S.A. Telephone: 1-410-843-8160 Fax: 1-410-843-8569
JAPAN - Region 3
(For candidates testing in Japan) Sylvan Prometric KK S & S Building 4F 6-36, Shin-Ogawa-cho Shinjuku-ku Tokyo 162-0184 Japan Telephone: +81-3-3269-9601 Fax: +81-3-3260-2587
MIDDLE EAST/NORTH AFRICA Region 7
(For candidates testing in Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, West Bank, and Yemen) AMIDEAST/Sylvan Prometric PO Box 96 Magles El Shaab Cairo Egypt Telephone: +20-2-337-8973 Fax: +20-2-354-0896
TAIWAN - Region 10
(For candidates testing in Taiwan) The Language Training and Testing Center/Sylvan Prometric PO Box 23-41 Taipei Taiwan R.O.C. Telephone: +886-2-2369-1154 Fax: +886-2-2363-8840
THAILAND - Region 11
(For candidates testing in Thailand) Institute of International Education/ Sylvan Prometric GPO Box 2050 Bangkok 10501 Thailand Telephone: +66-2-639-2703 Fax: +66-2-639-2706
PAKISTAN - Region 8
(For candidates testing in Pakistan) World Learning Inc./Sylvan Prometric PO Box 13042 Karachi 75350 Pakistan Telephone: +92-21-455-7166 Fax: +92-21-455-7002
SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA Region 9
(For candidates testing in Botswana, Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe) Sylvan Learning Systems (PTY) Ltd. PO Box 218 Auckland Park 2006 South Africa Telephone: +27-11-713-0600 Fax: +27-11-482-4062
Preparing for the General Test ?
GRE DIAGNOSTIC SERVICE
Use the Web-based GRE Diagnostic Service to answer a series of diagnostic questions in each skill measured by the GRE General Test, and receive immediate feedback on your performance on those skills. You will receive Descriptions of the skills tested in each section of the GRE General Test Sample questions in each skill, with strategies for answering these types of questions Immediate feedback on your performance on each question, including the question type, whether you answered it correctly, how difficult it was, how long you took to respond, and the particular skill being measured Rationales explaining the correct answers to each question
Fee payable by credit card ($20).
The GRE Directory of Graduate Programs
A comprehensive source of information for prospective graduate students . . . includes data from more than 800 participating institutions in the U.S. and Canada*
17t Edi h tion
Order online at www.ets.org/store.html
Volume A Volume B
Or call 1-800-537-3160 or 1-609-771-7243
Ask for Dept. P68.
You may also order on the registration form when registering for a Subject Test.
Volume C Volume D
The Directory of Graduate Programs is also available at many retail and campus bookstores across the country. Price per volume: U.S. $20**
* Excludes programs leading to such advanced professional degrees as J.D., M.Div., M.D., D.D.S., and D.V.M. ** Price does not include shipping, handling, and applicable taxes, and may be subject to change. Books are not refundable.
Welcome to gre.org
• Download publications, including the GRE Information and Registration Bulletin, POWERPREP, the Practice General Test, Code Lists, CBT Tutorials, Sample Questions with Explanations, and other important material. • Get quick answers to your questions about registration, test centers, score reporting procedures, and much more. • Practice for the General Test by using the interactive sample questions. • Order practice materials and/or the Directory of Graduate Programs. • Take a series of diagnostic questions and receive immediate feedback on the skills measured by the GRE General Test with the Diagnostic Service at http://email@example.com. • Apply to graduate schools online with GradAdvantageTM at www.gradadvantage.org. • Register online for a paper-based test or the free Search Service. GRE Educational Testing Service PO Box 6000, Princeton, NJ 08541-6000 Phone: 1-609-771-7670 Fax: 1-609-771-7906 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
54729-15607 • S89M40 • Printed in U.S.A.
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