Advanced Internet

Cognitive Radio Principles

Hyewon Lee M.S. Candidate Company LOGOWireless Networking Lab. Multimedia & Seoul National University

Topics in Future Internet – Cognitive Radio

Contents

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Cognitive Radio Reference survey paper Cognitive Networks

Concluding Remark

Topics in Future Internet – Cognitive Radio Cognitive Radio Motivation: Spectrum Scarcity Spectrum utility .

learning.Topics in Future Internet – Cognitive Radio Cognitive Radio Cognition (Noun): Cognition is the mental process involved in knowing.” JSAC 2005 .Collins Cobuild Dictionary Cognitive Radio Cognitive Radio is an intelligent wireless communication system that is aware of its surrounding environment and uses the methodology of understanding-by-building to learn from the environment and adapt its internal states to statistical variations in the incoming RF stimuli by making corresponding changes in certain operating parameters in real-time. Haykin. . . “Cognitive Radio. and understanding things.S.

user behavior and network state. .Topics in Future Internet – Cognitive Radio Cognitive Radio Cognitive Radio Cognitive radio is a paradigm for wireless communication in which either a network or a wireless node changes its transmission or reception parameters to communicate efficiently avoiding interference with licensed or unlicensed users. such as radio frequency spectrum.Wikipedia. This alteration of parameters is based on the active monitoring of several factors in the external and internal radio environment. “Cognitive Radio” .

Topics in Future Internet – Cognitive Radio Spectrum access policy Fixed Spectrum Spectrum Trading Open Spectrum .

Topics in Future Internet – Cognitive Radio Terminology Capability of cognitive radio Full cognitive radio Every possible parameter observable is taken into account Spectrum sensing cognitive radio Only radio frequency band is taken into account Licenses of spectrum band Licensed band cognitive radio Primary network (user) Secondary network (user) Unlicensed band cognitive radio .

“Cognitive Radio.: S. Haykin.Topics in Future Internet – Cognitive Radio Cognitive Radio Basic cognitive cycle •Estimation of interference temperature of the radio environment •Detection of spectrum holes •Estimation of channel-state information •Prediction of channel capacity for use by the transmitter •Ref.” JSAC 2005 .

Akyildiz.Topics in Future Internet – Cognitive Radio Cognitive Radio Main functions Spectrum sensing Detecting unused spectrum Spectrum management Capturing the best available spectrum Spectrum mobility Maintaining seamless communication during the spectrum transition Spectrum sharing Providing fair spectrum scheduling method •Ref.” ComNet 2006 . “NeXt generation/dynamic spectrum access/cognitive radio wireless networks: A survey..: Ian F. et al.

Topics in Future Internet – Cognitive Radio Cognitive Radio – Main functions Spectrum sensing Detecting unused spectrum Non-cooperative detection Energy detection Matched filter detection Cyclostationary feature detection Cooperative detection Cooperation with Primary network Secondary users .

Topics in Future Internet – Cognitive Radio Interference Temperature Transmission power control Transmitter-centric Receiver-centric Interference temperature Real-time interaction between transmitter and receiver in adaptive manner .

Topics in Future Internet – Cognitive Radio Interference Temperature Limitations of interference temperature model Level of interference temperature limit Transmission power of secondary users Number of secondary users Coordination with primary network Interference level of primary users Location information of primary users FCC has not shown any progress since 2005 .

Topics in Future Internet – Cognitive Radio Cognitive Radio – Main functions Spectrum management Capturing the best available spectrum Spectrum analysis Interference/Path loss Link errors/delay Channel holding time Spectrum decision Decision model Multi-band decision .

Topics in Future Internet – Cognitive Radio Cognitive Radio – Main functions Spectrum mobility Maintaining seamless communication during the spectrum transition Spectrum handoff .

Non-cooperative Spectrum access technique Overlay vs. Distributed Spectrum allocation behavior Cooperative vs.Topics in Future Internet – Cognitive Radio Cognitive Radio – Main functions Spectrum sharing Spectrum sensing spectrum allocation spectrum access transmitter-receiver handshaking Spectrum sharing architecture Centralized vs. Underlay Rendezvous problem Common control channel spectrum mobility .

” DySPAN 2005 . Thomas.Topics in Future Internet – Cognitive Radio SDR Software Defined Radio (SDR) A technology that enables “reconfigurable system” for wireless networks. multiband’ wireless device. . “Cognitive Networks.Ryan W. SDR and Cognitive Radio Cognitive radio is the ‘intelligence’ that sits above the SDR and lets a SDR determine which mode of operation and parameters to use. SDR builds up ‘multimode.

MobiCom 2007) A network with a cognitive process that… Perceive current network conditions Plan. decide. point-to-point . and act on such conditions Learn and adapt for future decisions Takes into account end-to-end goals Comparison between Cognitive Networks and Cognitive Radios End-to-end vs.Topics in Future Internet – Cognitive Radio Cognitive Networks Cognitive Networks (DySpan 2005.

Topics in Future Internet – Cognitive Radio Cognitive Networks Cognitive Network Framework End-to-end End-to-end End-to-end Goal Goal Goal Cognitive Specification Language Requirements Layer Cognitive Cognitive Element Cognitive Element Element Software Adaptable Network API Network Status Sensors Configurable Configurable Elements Elements Cognitive Process Software Adaptable Network .

partial control Complexity . learn. and plan Actuate configurable elements Degree of Control Full control vs.Topics in Future Internet – Cognitive Radio Cognitive Networks Cognitive Specification Language Translates end-to-end goal into local goals of cognitive elements Cognitive Elements Run algorithms that reason.

AI Portion of spectrum sensing in cognitive radio .Topics in Future Internet – Cognitive Radio Concluding Remark Challenges Spectrum policy Spectrum sensing Spectrum sharing Questions Cognitive radio vs.

Haykin.Topics in Future Internet – Cognitive Radio References Ian F.” DySPAN 2005 Ryan W. et al. Thomas. et al..” JSAC 2005 Online link: http://en.” ComNet 2006 S.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cognitive_radio Ryan W. “NeXt generation/dynamic spectrum access/cognitive radio wireless networks: A survey. “Cognitive Radio.” MobiCom 2007 . Akyildiz. “Cognitive Networks. “Tutorial: Cognitive Networks.. Thomas.

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