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3472/2

Additional

Mathematics

Paper 2

September

2008

JABATAN PELAJARAN PAHANG

TAHUN 2008

ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS

Paper 2

MARKING SCHEME

QUESTION WORKING / SOLUTION MARKS TOTAL

3x + 2y +1 =8 P1

1

x2 + 9 x - y = 8

7 − 3x 7 − 2y P1

y= or x=

2 3

7 − 3x 7 − 2y

Substitute y = or x =

2 3

into non linear equation

7 − 3x K1

x2 + 9 x − ( ) = 8 or

2

7 − 2y 2 7 − 2y

( ) + 9( )− y =8

3 3

(2x+23)(x-1)=0 or (4y-83)(y-2) =0 or solve quadratic K1

equation using formula or completing the squares

x = -11.5, x =1 N1

y = 20.75, y =2 N1 6

uuur

2 (a) PR = 2 i − 2 j N1

uuur uuu % r uuu

% r uuur uuur uuur

(b) QS = QR + RS or QS = QR + QP P1

uuur N1

QS = 4 i + 4 j

(c)

uuuur %uuur %

P ' R = k RS K1

uuuur

P ' R = −3 i + 4 j + 5 i + 2 j

uuuur % % % % uuuur uuur

P ' R = 2 i + 6 j = 2( i + 3 j ) => P ' R = 2 RS =>collinear N1

% % % %

P ' R : RS = 2 :1 N1 6

sin A cos A

+ ,

3(a) 2sin A cos A 1 + (2 cos 2 A − 1) P1

use of sin2A = 2 sinA cos A or cos 2A = 2 cos 2 A-1

1 1 1

+ = K1

2 cos A 2 cos A cos A

= secA N1

(b) 2 ( sec2x -1) = sec x +1, use of 1 + tan2 x = sec2 x P1

( 2 sec x – 3) ( sec x +1 ) =0 K1

3

sec x = or sec x = -1 K1

2

2

cos x = or cos x = -1 K1

3

X = 48.19o ,180o ,311.81o or

= 48o11' ,180o ,311o 49' N1 8

2 SULIT

Question Working / Solution Marks Total

4(a)(i) 22(18) + 27(22) + 32(29) + 37( p) + 42(25) K1

= 32.75

18 + 22 + 29 + p + 25

p = 26 N1

60 − 40

(ii) median = 29.5 + ( )(34.5 − 29.5) K1

29

N1

= 32.95

4(b) Height of the bars proportional to the frequency or

Label the lower and upper boundaries/mid K1

points/class interval correctly.

Correct way of finding the value of mode. K1

7

Modal mass = 33 N1

5(a) dy K1

= 3x 2 + 4 x

dx

dy

(1,-1) , = 7

dx

1

Gradient of normal = − K1

7

Equation of normal:

1 K1

y-(-1) = − ( x-1)

7

7y+x + 6=0

5(b) dy K1

= −24 x −4

dx

δ y −24

≈ (1.98 − 2) K1

δ x 24

N1

≈ 0.03

6

6(a) A =8000

8000, 8000(0.9), 8000(0.9)2,…

r =0.9 P1

8000

sα = K1

1 − 0.9

= 80,000 N1

3 SULIT

Question Working / Solution Marks Total

6(b) 8000(0.9) > 1000

n−1 P1

⎛1⎞ K1

(n-1) log10 (0.9) > log10 ⎜ ⎟ , taking log both sides

⎝8⎠

n < 20.74 K1

n = 20 N1 7

7(a)

x 15 20 25 30 35 40

lg y -0.82 -0.42 -0.022 0.37 0.77 1.17 N1

Plot log10 y against x

6 points plotted correctly K1

possible and balance in terms of numbers point

appear above and below the line, if any .) N1

i. y-intercept, c = -A log10 10 P1

-2.05 = -A log10 10

A = 2.05 N1

ii m = log10 b = 0.08 K1

b =1.2 N1

iii. 37.5 N1 10

8(a) 1 + (−3) 2 + 10

Mid point of AC ( , )

2 2

(-1 , 6 ) N1

10 − 2

Gradient of AC =

1 − (−3)

=2

1

Gradient of perpendicular line to AC = −

2

Use of m1m2 = −1 K1

Equation of perpendicular bisector AC

1 K1

(y-6) = − ( x + 1)

2

2y + x =11 or equivalent N1

(b) y =0, x =11 => B(11, 0) K1

1 −3 11 1 −3 K1

Area of rhombus ABCD = 2×

2 2 0 10 2

= 120 N1

4 SULIT

Question Working / Solution Marks Total

8(c) Use of distance formula for PA or PC

K1

PA = ( x − 1) 2 + ( y − 10) 2 or

PC = ( x + 3) 2 + ( y − 2) 2

Use 2PC = PA, K1

2 ( x + 3) 2 + ( y − 2) 2 = ( x − 1) 2 + ( y − 10) 2

3x 2 + 3 y 2 + 26 x + 4 y − 49 = 0 N1 10

9(a) y =3x , y =4-x2

(x+4)(x-1)=0 solve simultaneous equation

x =1, x = 4

4-x2 =0, x= ±2 or find the limits of K1

integration

1 3

Use area of triangle = (1)(3) = or

2 2

1 2

∫ (3x)dx or ∫ (4 − x )dx

2

Integrate

0 1

1 2 K1

⎡ 3x ⎤2

⎡ x ⎤ 3

⎢ 2 ⎥ or ⎢ 4 x − 3 ⎥

⎣ ⎦0 ⎣ ⎦1

⎡ 8⎤ ⎡ 1⎤ K1

Substitution, ⎢8 − ⎥ − ⎢ 4 − ⎥

⎣ 3⎦ ⎣ 3⎦

2

= 1 unit2

3

3 2 K1

Add up 2 area, + 1

2 3

1 N1

3 unit 2

6

(b) 1

Volume of cone = π (3) 2 (1) = 3π or

3

1 K1

⎡ 9 x3 ⎤

π⎢ ⎥

⎣ 3 ⎦0

3π

2

π ∫ (4 − x 2 ) 2 dx

1

2 K1

⎡ 8 x3 x5 ⎤

= π ⎢16 x − + ⎥

⎣ 3 5 ⎦1

⎡ 8(2)3 25 ⎤ ⎡ 8(1)3 13 ⎤ K1

= π {⎢16(2) − + ⎥ − ⎢16(1) − + ⎥}

⎣ 3 5⎦ ⎣ 3 5⎦

5 SULIT

Question Working / Solution Marks Total

8

=3 π

15

8 N1

Volume generated = 3 π + 3 π

15

8 N1 10

=6 π

15

10(a) p = 0.3 or q =0.7 P1

i. P(X=5)= 30C5 (0.3)5 (0.7) 25 Use of P(X=r)= K1

n

Cr ( p ) r ( q ) n − r

=0.04644 N1

ii. P(X<2) = P(X=0) + P(X=1)

30

C0 (0.3)0 (0.7)30 + 30C1 (0.3)1 (0.7) 29 K1

=0.0009660 or 9.660 × 10−4 N1

(b)i P ( z < c ) =0.202

C =-2.05 N1

25 − µ X −µ K1

−2.05 = , use of z =

3 σ

µ = 31.15mm N1

ii 30 − 31.15 32 − 31.15

P( <z< )

3 3

=1-0.3509-0.3885 K1

=0.2607 N1 10

11(a) Arc length AB = 8(0.92) K1

=7.36

0.92 rad = 52.71 o / 52 o 42’

AD K1

sin (52.71 o ) =

8

=6.364

OD K1

cos (52.71 o )=

8

=4.848

DB = 8- 4.848 = 3.152

Perimeter =3.152 + 6.364+7.36 ( add all the sides) K1

=16.88 N1

11(b) AC K1

tan (52.71 o )=

8

=10.50

1 K1

Area of OAC = (8)(10.50)

2

= 42.01

6 SULIT

Question Working / Solution Marks Total

11(b) 1 1 K1

Area of sector OAB = (8) 2 (0.92) use of A= r 2θ

2 2

=29.44

Area of the shaded region Q,

=42.01-29.44 K1

= 12.57 N1 10

12 (a) v = 4 P1

(b) v max , a = 0

a = 2t − 5 = 0 K1

5

t= s

2

2

⎛5⎞ ⎛5⎞

v max = ⎜ ⎟ − 5⎜ ⎟ + 4 K1

⎝2⎠ ⎝2⎠

1

v max = −2 ms −1 N1

4

(c) used v<0

t 2 − 5t + 4 < 0

(t − 1)(t − 4) < 0 K1

1< t < 4 N1

( )

(d) s = ∫ t 2 − 5t + 4 dt

1 4

⎡ t 3 5t 2 ⎤ ⎡ t 3 5t 2 ⎤

=⎢ − + 4t ⎥ + ⎢ − + 4t ⎥

⎣3 2 ⎦0 ⎣ 3 2 ⎦1 K1K1

Substitute the values of t K1

2 N1 10

= 23 m

3

13 P

(a) use 1 × 100

P0

x = 1.62, y = 152, z = 3.60 K1N1N1N1

used I =

∑ Iw

∑w

K1

I= K1(used I)

14

= 136.79 N1

7 SULIT

Question Working / Solution Marks Total

(c) I P = 144, I R = 180 P1

194.4(4) + 152(5) + 108(2) + 125(3)

I= K1

14

= 147.93 N1 10

14 (a) I x + y ≤ 500 N1

II y ≤ 3 x N1

III y ≥ 200 N1

Cannot have sign ‘=’

(b) One of graph of straight line is correct K1

All the graph of straight line are correct K1

The shaded region of R is correct N1

(c) (i) 200 N1

(ii) maximum point (300,200) – based on the N1

Graph

25 ( 300 ) + 20 ( 200 )

K1

- substitute any number based on the value in shaded

region

11500 N1 10

15 (a) used cosine rule

QS 2 = (10.5) + (12.5) − 2(10.5)(12.5) cos 80 0 K1

2 2

QS = 14.86 cm N1

(b) used sine rule

sin R sin 35 K1

=

14.86 9.5

sin R = 0.89719

∠QRS = 116.210 N1

Q Q' S

N1

(ii) Find ∠PQS , used sine rule , hence find ∠QPQ '

K1

sin ∠PQS sin 80 o

=

12.5 14.86

∠PQS = 55.93o ,

∠QPQ ' = 68.14 o

8 SULIT

Question Working / Solution Marks Total

Find area of ∆PQS or area of ∆PQQ ' K1 N1

area ∆PQS =

1

(10.5)(12.5)sin 80 o

2

= 64.63cm2

area ∆PQQ'=

1

(10.5)(10.5)sin 68.14 o

2

= 51.16 cm2

Find the area of ∆Q ' PS

= 64.63 − 51.16 K1

= 13.47 N1 10

Or any other methods

9 SULIT

Graph For Question 4(b)

Number of luggage

30

28

26

24

22

20

18

16

10 SULIT

Modal mass= 33

No.7(a)

log 10 x

1.5

x

1.0

x

0.5

x

x

0 x

5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40

x

-0.5

-1.0

K1

-1.5

N1

-2.0

N1

-2.5

11 SULIT

Graph for Question14(b)

500

400

300

(300, 200)

200

100

12 SULIT

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