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SULIT

3472/2
Additional
Mathematics
Paper 2
September
2008

SEKTOR PENGURUSAN AKADEMIK


JABATAN PELAJARAN PAHANG

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM

TAHUN 2008

ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS

Paper 2

MARKING SCHEME

This marking scheme consists of 12 printed pages


QUESTION WORKING / SOLUTION MARKS TOTAL
3x + 2y +1 =8 P1
1
x2 + 9 x - y = 8
7 − 3x 7 − 2y P1
y= or x=
2 3
7 − 3x 7 − 2y
Substitute y = or x =
2 3
into non linear equation
7 − 3x K1
x2 + 9 x − ( ) = 8 or
2
7 − 2y 2 7 − 2y
( ) + 9( )− y =8
3 3
(2x+23)(x-1)=0 or (4y-83)(y-2) =0 or solve quadratic K1
equation using formula or completing the squares

x = -11.5, x =1 N1

y = 20.75, y =2 N1 6
uuur
2 (a) PR = 2 i − 2 j N1
uuur uuu % r uuu
% r uuur uuur uuur
(b) QS = QR + RS or QS = QR + QP P1
uuur N1
QS = 4 i + 4 j
(c)
uuuur %uuur %
P ' R = k RS K1
uuuur
P ' R = −3 i + 4 j + 5 i + 2 j
uuuur % % % % uuuur uuur
P ' R = 2 i + 6 j = 2( i + 3 j ) => P ' R = 2 RS =>collinear N1
% % % %
P ' R : RS = 2 :1 N1 6
sin A cos A
+ ,
3(a) 2sin A cos A 1 + (2 cos 2 A − 1) P1
use of sin2A = 2 sinA cos A or cos 2A = 2 cos 2 A-1
1 1 1
+ = K1
2 cos A 2 cos A cos A
= secA N1
(b) 2 ( sec2x -1) = sec x +1, use of 1 + tan2 x = sec2 x P1
( 2 sec x – 3) ( sec x +1 ) =0 K1
3
sec x = or sec x = -1 K1
2
2
cos x = or cos x = -1 K1
3
X = 48.19o ,180o ,311.81o or
= 48o11' ,180o ,311o 49' N1 8

2 SULIT
Question Working / Solution Marks Total
4(a)(i) 22(18) + 27(22) + 32(29) + 37( p) + 42(25) K1
= 32.75
18 + 22 + 29 + p + 25
p = 26 N1
60 − 40
(ii) median = 29.5 + ( )(34.5 − 29.5) K1
29
N1
= 32.95
4(b) Height of the bars proportional to the frequency or
Label the lower and upper boundaries/mid K1
points/class interval correctly.
Correct way of finding the value of mode. K1
7
Modal mass = 33 N1
5(a) dy K1
= 3x 2 + 4 x
dx
dy
(1,-1) , = 7
dx
1
Gradient of normal = − K1
7
Equation of normal:
1 K1
y-(-1) = − ( x-1)
7
7y+x + 6=0
5(b) dy K1
= −24 x −4
dx
δ y −24
≈ (1.98 − 2) K1
δ x 24
N1
≈ 0.03
6
6(a) A =8000
8000, 8000(0.9), 8000(0.9)2,…
r =0.9 P1
8000
sα = K1
1 − 0.9
= 80,000 N1

3 SULIT
Question Working / Solution Marks Total
6(b) 8000(0.9) > 1000
n−1 P1
⎛1⎞ K1
(n-1) log10 (0.9) > log10 ⎜ ⎟ , taking log both sides
⎝8⎠
n < 20.74 K1
n = 20 N1 7
7(a)
x 15 20 25 30 35 40
lg y -0.82 -0.42 -0.022 0.37 0.77 1.17 N1
Plot log10 y against x
6 points plotted correctly K1

Line of best fit, ( passes through as many points as N1


possible and balance in terms of numbers point
appear above and below the line, if any .) N1

7(b) log10 y = − A log10 10 + x log10 b P1


i. y-intercept, c = -A log10 10 P1
-2.05 = -A log10 10
A = 2.05 N1
ii m = log10 b = 0.08 K1
b =1.2 N1
iii. 37.5 N1 10
8(a) 1 + (−3) 2 + 10
Mid point of AC ( , )
2 2
(-1 , 6 ) N1
10 − 2
Gradient of AC =
1 − (−3)
=2
1
Gradient of perpendicular line to AC = −
2
Use of m1m2 = −1 K1
Equation of perpendicular bisector AC
1 K1
(y-6) = − ( x + 1)
2
2y + x =11 or equivalent N1
(b) y =0, x =11 => B(11, 0) K1
1 −3 11 1 −3 K1
Area of rhombus ABCD = 2×
2 2 0 10 2
= 120 N1

4 SULIT
Question Working / Solution Marks Total
8(c) Use of distance formula for PA or PC
K1
PA = ( x − 1) 2 + ( y − 10) 2 or
PC = ( x + 3) 2 + ( y − 2) 2
Use 2PC = PA, K1
2 ( x + 3) 2 + ( y − 2) 2 = ( x − 1) 2 + ( y − 10) 2
3x 2 + 3 y 2 + 26 x + 4 y − 49 = 0 N1 10
9(a) y =3x , y =4-x2
(x+4)(x-1)=0 solve simultaneous equation
x =1, x = 4
4-x2 =0, x= ±2 or find the limits of K1
integration
1 3
Use area of triangle = (1)(3) = or
2 2
1 2

∫ (3x)dx or ∫ (4 − x )dx
2
Integrate
0 1
1 2 K1
⎡ 3x ⎤2
⎡ x ⎤ 3

⎢ 2 ⎥ or ⎢ 4 x − 3 ⎥
⎣ ⎦0 ⎣ ⎦1
⎡ 8⎤ ⎡ 1⎤ K1
Substitution, ⎢8 − ⎥ − ⎢ 4 − ⎥
⎣ 3⎦ ⎣ 3⎦
2
= 1 unit2
3
3 2 K1
Add up 2 area, + 1
2 3
1 N1
3 unit 2
6
(b) 1
Volume of cone = π (3) 2 (1) = 3π or
3
1 K1
⎡ 9 x3 ⎤
π⎢ ⎥
⎣ 3 ⎦0

2
π ∫ (4 − x 2 ) 2 dx
1
2 K1
⎡ 8 x3 x5 ⎤
= π ⎢16 x − + ⎥
⎣ 3 5 ⎦1
⎡ 8(2)3 25 ⎤ ⎡ 8(1)3 13 ⎤ K1
= π {⎢16(2) − + ⎥ − ⎢16(1) − + ⎥}
⎣ 3 5⎦ ⎣ 3 5⎦

5 SULIT
Question Working / Solution Marks Total
8
=3 π
15
8 N1
Volume generated = 3 π + 3 π
15
8 N1 10
=6 π
15
10(a) p = 0.3 or q =0.7 P1
i. P(X=5)= 30C5 (0.3)5 (0.7) 25 Use of P(X=r)= K1
n
Cr ( p ) r ( q ) n − r
=0.04644 N1
ii. P(X<2) = P(X=0) + P(X=1)
30
C0 (0.3)0 (0.7)30 + 30C1 (0.3)1 (0.7) 29 K1
=0.0009660 or 9.660 × 10−4 N1
(b)i P ( z < c ) =0.202
C =-2.05 N1
25 − µ X −µ K1
−2.05 = , use of z =
3 σ
µ = 31.15mm N1
ii 30 − 31.15 32 − 31.15
P( <z< )
3 3
=1-0.3509-0.3885 K1
=0.2607 N1 10
11(a) Arc length AB = 8(0.92) K1
=7.36
0.92 rad = 52.71 o / 52 o 42’
AD K1
sin (52.71 o ) =
8
=6.364
OD K1
cos (52.71 o )=
8
=4.848
DB = 8- 4.848 = 3.152
Perimeter =3.152 + 6.364+7.36 ( add all the sides) K1
=16.88 N1

11(b) AC K1
tan (52.71 o )=
8
=10.50
1 K1
Area of OAC = (8)(10.50)
2
= 42.01

6 SULIT
Question Working / Solution Marks Total
11(b) 1 1 K1
Area of sector OAB = (8) 2 (0.92) use of A= r 2θ
2 2
=29.44
Area of the shaded region Q,
=42.01-29.44 K1
= 12.57 N1 10
12 (a) v = 4 P1
(b) v max , a = 0
a = 2t − 5 = 0 K1
5
t= s
2
2
⎛5⎞ ⎛5⎞
v max = ⎜ ⎟ − 5⎜ ⎟ + 4 K1
⎝2⎠ ⎝2⎠
1
v max = −2 ms −1 N1
4
(c) used v<0
t 2 − 5t + 4 < 0
(t − 1)(t − 4) < 0 K1

1< t < 4 N1
( )
(d) s = ∫ t 2 − 5t + 4 dt
1 4
⎡ t 3 5t 2 ⎤ ⎡ t 3 5t 2 ⎤
=⎢ − + 4t ⎥ + ⎢ − + 4t ⎥
⎣3 2 ⎦0 ⎣ 3 2 ⎦1 K1K1
Substitute the values of t K1
2 N1 10
= 23 m
3
13 P
(a) use 1 × 100
P0
x = 1.62, y = 152, z = 3.60 K1N1N1N1

used I =
∑ Iw
∑w
K1

120(4 ) + 152(5) + 150(2) + 125(3)


I= K1(used I)
14
= 136.79 N1

7 SULIT
Question Working / Solution Marks Total
(c) I P = 144, I R = 180 P1
194.4(4) + 152(5) + 108(2) + 125(3)
I= K1
14
= 147.93 N1 10
14 (a) I x + y ≤ 500 N1
II y ≤ 3 x N1
III y ≥ 200 N1
Cannot have sign ‘=’
(b) One of graph of straight line is correct K1
All the graph of straight line are correct K1
The shaded region of R is correct N1
(c) (i) 200 N1
(ii) maximum point (300,200) – based on the N1
Graph
25 ( 300 ) + 20 ( 200 )
K1
- substitute any number based on the value in shaded
region
11500 N1 10
15 (a) used cosine rule
QS 2 = (10.5) + (12.5) − 2(10.5)(12.5) cos 80 0 K1
2 2

QS = 14.86 cm N1
(b) used sine rule
sin R sin 35 K1
=
14.86 9.5
sin R = 0.89719
∠QRS = 116.210 N1
Q Q' S

N1

(i) Can see anywhere in the diagram


(ii) Find ∠PQS , used sine rule , hence find ∠QPQ '
K1
sin ∠PQS sin 80 o
=
12.5 14.86
∠PQS = 55.93o ,
∠QPQ ' = 68.14 o

8 SULIT
Question Working / Solution Marks Total
Find area of ∆PQS or area of ∆PQQ ' K1 N1

area ∆PQS =
1
(10.5)(12.5)sin 80 o
2
= 64.63cm2

area ∆PQQ'=
1
(10.5)(10.5)sin 68.14 o
2
= 51.16 cm2
Find the area of ∆Q ' PS
= 64.63 − 51.16 K1
= 13.47 N1 10
Or any other methods

9 SULIT
Graph For Question 4(b)
Number of luggage

30

28

26

24

22

20

18

16

10 SULIT

19.5 24.5 29.5 34.5 39.5 44.5 Mass(kg)


Modal mass= 33
No.7(a)

log 10 x

1.5

x
1.0
x

0.5
x

x
0 x
5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40

x
-0.5

-1.0
K1

-1.5
N1

-2.0
N1

-2.5

11 SULIT
Graph for Question14(b)

500

400

300

(300, 200)
200

100

0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500

12 SULIT