:Introduction -1 Mansuriya Gas Field is located in Diyala governorate at about 45km north-east Ba’quba city.

It is also located at about 100 km northeast Baghdad and north-west of Hamrin Lake. The general conditions of the field area are slightly hilly and partly covered with water. The field occurs in block 45 within the exploration zones of .intermediate oil availability

.Figure (1): Location of Mansuriya gas field :Structure of the Field -2 Mansuriya gas field is located in the south-eastern part of Al-Fawli geological structure which contains number of formations in a form of achain of hills comprising number of fields like Kor Mor, Khashm Al- Ahmar, Mansuriya, Jaria Pica . and gas dome in Naft-Khana .Elongated asymmetrical anticline-a .About 35 km long and (6-8) km wide-b With structural closure of about 70 km on top of Jeribe-c .(formation(Eocene

Jeribe formation is the main reservoir of the gas in Mansuriya-d fieldbut some gas is also contained within other formations . like Al-Theban and Al-Faris alasphal .The two flanks are steep and affected by reverse faults-e .The flanks dips are about 20˚ north-east and 13˚ south-east-f .Average reservoir depth is 2000 m-g


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Prepare d ByWisa m AlShalchi .

Petrole um Expert Amman 2008 2 .

-1 Introducti :on Mansuriya Gas Field is located in Diyala .

It is also located at .governorat e at about 45km north-east Ba’quba city.

about 100 km northeastBaghda d and north-west of Hamrin .

Lake. The general conditions of thefield area are slightly hilly and partly covered .

The fieldoccurs in block 45 within the exploration zones of intermediat .with water.

e oilavailabilit .gas field .y Figure (1): Location of Mansuriya .

-2 Structure of the :Field Mansuriya gas field is located in the south- .

eastern part of Al-Fawli geological structure which contains number of .

formations in a form of achain of hills comprising number of fields like .

Jaria Pica and gas dome in Naft-Khana . Khashm Al.Ahmar.Kor Mor. Mansuriya.

-a . Elongated asymmetric .al anticline -b .

About 35 km long and (6-8) .km wide -c With structural .

closure of about 70 km on top of Jeribe formation(E .(ocene -d .

Jeribe formation is the main reservoir of the gas in Mansuriya fieldbut .

some gas is also contained within other formations like Al-Theban and .

-e The two flanks are steep and .Al-Faris alasphal .

faults -f The flanks dips are about 20˚ .affected by reverse .

north-east and 13˚ .south-east -g Average reservoir .

2000 m .depth is .


3 Figure (2): Geological map of the .

Iraqi north .gas field Seismic -3 Surveys and Drilling :Activities .

Mansuriya gas field was covered by (2D) Seismic surveys during .

theperiod (19751978). The survey was extended to detailed (2D) Seismicsurv .

ey during the period (19811987). During the period (19791990)four .

wells (three of them were appraisal wells) were drilled as :follows -a .

and provedthe .1st Exploration well (Mansuriya1) was drilled in (1979).

presence of Natural Gas in the tertiary carbonate reservoirs within Jeribe .

and Al-Faris alasphal .formations -b The wells (Mansuriya2 and .

Mansuriya3) proved that natural gas ispresent within .Jeribe Al-Furat .

and Al-Serkanki .formations -c Mansuriya4 well was drilled within .

ly water -d The potential .Jeribe formation but it producedon .

gas capacity of the field was estimated to be 3.6 Tcf andthe recoverable .

18 Tcf -e Mansuriya gas field can produce 300 .3.capacity is .

MMscf/day of natural gas if 10wells are drilled (8 producing wells + 2 .

(wells .evaluation .


-f Within this capacity of 4 .

gas production it is expected to produce also20005000 bbl/day of .

condensate s according to the evaluation resultsobtai ned from Mansuriya2 and .

Mansuriya.3 wells Gas -4 Specificat :ions According to the .

analysis made to the samples taken from the threegas producing .

wells the following results were :obtained TestMansuri ya-1mole %Mansuriya .

78 83.-2mole %Mansuriya %-3mole C 1 content 86.4C .9484 .

3 C 3 Content 3.2 Content 7.12 .01 8.256.

8 i-C 4 Content 0.63 0.47 0.87n-C 4 .3.853.

951.54Sulphu r Content .49 0.1 C 5 content nil 0.Content 1.5 0.

0.712 0.879 Table (1): Gas composition s of Mansuriya field taken .4 1.

from the threedrilled .wells The above results show high degree of inconsisten .

cy especially withregardi ng the sulphur contents which means that .

it is necessary to makenew analysis to determine precisely the .

field gas Plans -5 of develop :ment .compositio n of the .

-a The primary conception s to develop .

Mansuriya :Gas Filed Since the evaluation of Mansuriya gas field was not .

complete. and thereservoi r information were inconsisten t especially .

those concerning thegas compositio n which suspected that crude oil might .

the first plan to develop the field put by the Iraqi .exists within thefield.

ReservoirDi rectorate considered the following four :options (1) .

Producing light free :gas According to the results of analyzing .

thesample taken from Mansuriya1 well it is clear that the production phase .

within the reservoir up to the surface will be gaseous whichmean s that there will be no .

ng (2) .needing to separators or condensate stransporti .

Producing heavy free :gas The results obtained from analyzing thesamples .

taken from the wells Mansuriya2 and Mansuriya3 showedthat condensate .

s will be present within the production phase which .


5 means that separators and condensate s transportin g will be .

S gas (3) .Als oa sweetening unit will be needed to separate H 2 .needed.

Producing condensate :s only This option is similar to the previousopt .

ion except that the production capacity will be higher and theproduce d gas will .

be reinjected in .the field (4)
Producing crude oil & :natural gas

If the presence of crude oilwithin Mansuriya field is proved then it will

be possible to producebot h crude oil and natural gas which means that two

treatment plantswill be needed one to treat the natural gas and the second to treat

The study considered the following options to benefit .thecrude oil.

from the :products •••• MMscf/d 200 of natural gas can be consumed by Anbar .

thermalpow er station and 150 MMscf/d by Salah-Adin power .station •••• .

((2 •••• .Condensate s can be transported to the Petrochemi cals Project .

Crude oil will be transported to the proper destination according toits levels .

The study also recommen ded the :followings • .of production.

The field evaluation must be completed to determine exactly thecomposi .

production • Drilling two more .tion of the natural gas and the level of .

evaluation wells to determine whether crude oilis present within the .field or not • .

Using (4") pipeline to guarantee a gas production not less than .

lifetime -b .20MMscf/d at the end of the reservoir .

Pre 2003 :plans In March 1996 Iraq signed a Memorandu m of Understand .

ing (MOU)with Turkey to develop the north free gas fields and export the .

This MOU was reconfirme d in other politicalme .producedna tural gas to Turkey.

etings held between the two parties in January and May 1997. Thecost of this project .

was estimated at that time to be around 2.8 B$ whichcover the cost of .

developing the gas fields and building 855 miles longpipelin e between north Iraq .

.and Anatolia region in Turkey of maximum3 50 Bscf/year capacity.

The project also includes installing twocompre ssion stations. The Iraqi .

natural gas fields which were planned tobe developed to feed the .

8) Chamcham al .project were Anfal .(Tcf 2.(Tcf 1.1) Jaria Pica .

9) Khashm .4) and Mansuriya .(Tcf 0. Al-Ahmar (Tcf 1.

3) cost of developing the gas fields as well as building the pipelineinsi .Tcf).The 3.

The restof the .8 B$.de the Iraqi territories were estimated to be around 1.

amount which is about one billion dollars was allocated to cover 6 .

Theproject planned to .the cost of building the pipeline inside the Turkish territories.

beca use the first was .develop firstly Anfal and Mansuriya gas fields.

As .already a producing field and the second hascomplet e (2d) seismic surveys.

the plane suggested the drilling .far as Mansuriya gas field wasconcern ed.

of 17 wells in adition to thealready four drilled wells to produce 340 MMscf/d of .

Many companies like Gaz de France .34%.a maximum drainof 3.

. BHP . Transcanad a Pipelines suggested investing in the Iraqi .

part of the project. while someTurkis h companies like TPAO .

Botas supposed to invest in theTurkish part.. The . Tekfen .

Turkish Governmen t could not start the work in thisproject because of the

sanctions which were imposed on Iraq by theUnited Nations Organizatio n. In

February 2000 the Iraqi Ministry of Oilannounc ed that it has signed a

Production Sharing Agreement (PSA)with Agip and Gaz de France

companies to develop the above gasfields. But again due to the sanctions the .

After the war in 2003 all these .agreement has never takenplace at the ground.

agreement s wereeither canceled or reconsidere d by the new .

t -c Post 2003 :plans (1) .governmen .

In 2003 a team work of the Oil Exploration Company restudiedM ansuriya .

gas field and suggested the following recommen :dations •••• .

Implementi ng 3d seismic survey of the field to have moreinform ation about .

content •••• .the reservoir and a complete picture of itsfluids .

Making Mansuriya gas field the central treatment place for allthe neighboring .

field •••• Transportin g the gas produced from .gas and crude oil .

Mansuriya and theneighbo ring field through one of the following :options o .

Transportin g the raw gas by a new pipeline to Baji fortreatme .

nt and then exporting it or for using it for localconsu mption o .

Transportin g the treated gas to a point of connection with thecountry .

gas pipeline between K2 ..Baji •••• After making sure of the .

level of production the produced crude •••• Oil can be disposed by .

one of the following two .options o Pumping the crude oil by a .

new pipeline to Kirkuk . o Pumping the crude oil to a .

point of connection with the NaftKhana Daura pipeline which transports .

the crude oil toDaura .refinery (2) A study prepared by

Mitsubish/In pex to develop Mansuriya gasfield was approved

by the ministry of oil. This study suggested building a treatment plant and

power station in the field site. Thedevelop ment plan supposed to be of the

following three stages : •••• Preparatory work & subsurface study . •••• .

•••• Integrated gas/oil utilization study for .Preparing full field developme nt plan .

power generation andothers.T he treatment plant suggested by this plan .

Inlet Separation • .should consist of thefollowin g units : • .

• Acid Gas (H2S0 Removal unit . • .Condensate Stabilizatio n .

• Sulfur Recovery Unit . • .Gas Dew Point Control . Tail Gas Cleanup .

.• Thermal Oxidizer Figure (3): Treatment plant suggested by Mitsubishi/I .

(3 In October 2004 a Memorandu m of Understand ing (MOU) ( .npex plan.

wassigned between the Ministry of Oil and Bechtel Company to developMa .

nsuriya gas filed and build 200 MW electricity generating station.The cost of the .

project (around 300 M$) was supposed to be fundedby the USAID. .

The company planned to develop the field by doing .

new (3d) seismic survey. working 8 .

over three of the existing gas wellsand drilling two more wells. one .

exploration well and one producingw ell to produce 50 MMscf/d of natural gas. .

The company Preparedto start the work actually by building a camp in the .

but in March 2005 .region andmobilizi ng some of its equipments to the site.

theAmerica n governmen t decided to cancel the main budget allocated .

tothis project due to the progressive increasing in the security costs.The .

decision has exempted an amount of 39 M$ to be spend only inthe upstream .

works.e. conducting the (3d) seismic survey. i. workingove r three of the existing .

Theexecuti on of these works was transferred to the Iraqi .wells and drilling two more wells.

Oil companies. like North Oil Company (NOC). Oil Exploration Company .

This new .(OEC)and Iraq Drilling Company (IDC) instead of the foreign companies.

plan was aiming to prepare Mansuriya gas field to be readyto feed any electricity .

The Ministry of .generating station which might be built in thefuture.

IDC and OEC) to do the works.Oil charged some of its companies (NOC. but laterally .

the whole project wascancele d after it was found that the allocated fund was .

too little tocover the proposed works . d The new plans : (1) .

In July 2005 the Ministry of Oil signed an agreement with theDutch .

TheMinistry .Oil Company Shell to conduct a Gas Master Plan for Iraq.

of Oil formed a technical team to help Shell in preparing .

Phase (1) of the plan was completed by mid 2006.theplan. and a seminarwas .

done in August 2006 to present the results of the plan. The plangave a .

detailed picture of the future of natural gas investment s in Iraq.The .

plan has studied and estimated the country's needs to dry naturalgas .

.and to liquefied natural gas (LPG) for the first quarter of thepresent century.

The needs according to the plan will go mainly tooperate the present and future .

ind ustrial factories and for home uses.electricity generating stations. The plan .

accordingly , has put adetailed imaging of how the Iraqi natural gas (associated

& nonassociated) can be invested to cover the domestic needs and to

exportgas to other countries. This imaging focused specially on thedevelop

ment of the free gas fields. It also included the building of treatmen t plants and

pipelines for transportin g the natural gas (and itsproducts) inside and .

(2) According to the Gas Master Plan put by Shell .outside the country .

the Ministry of Oil is concentrati ng now on the developme nt of the Iraqi free . .

naturalgas field to cover the local needs and to export part of the .

.producedga s to Europe Shell Company has expressed its willingness .

to theIraqi governmen t to invest in the developme nt of the Iraqi natural gas 9 .

fields. especially the north gas fields (which Mansuriya field is one of them) .

During the past few yearsthe company .and the western gas fields (Akkas).

opened serious talks with the Iraqi governmen t todevelop these gas fields. but .

As far as the north gas fields are .no decision was taken regarding thisissue.

the companyint ends to develop the fields firstly and then to set up a .concerned.

.pipeline thatwould connect theme to Europe via Turkey Shell .

wants to run thepropose d new pipeline parallel to the existing oil pipeline .

from Iraq'sgover norate Kirkuk to Ceyhan on Turkey's Mediterran ean .

coast.Rece ntly the Ministry of Oil has put the developme nt of Mansuriyag .

as field through the Technical Services Contracts (TSC) which willbe signed .

between the Ministry of OIL and the internation al oilcompani es . .

Wisam AlShalchi Wisam AlShalchi Petroleum Expert. Email: wisamalsha * \ * – .

com Reference s 10 -1 Developme nt plan of Mansuriya .lchi@yahoo .

2Overview of the Oil Downstrea .Gas FieldReservoir Directorate / Ministry of Oil – Iraq.

Lammoza / Ministry of Oil – Iraq.2The Real Image of .m Industry in Iraq / Nabiel N.

the Gas Industry in Iraq/Ministr y of Oil – Iraq3Minutes of meeting held .

between MoO & Bechtel Co.4Seminar of Iraq's Gas Master Plan - .

Development of Mansuriya Gas Field ((Iraq Download this Document for FreePrintMobileCollectionsReport Document ?Report this document Please tell us reason(s) for reporting this document Top of Form .Directorate of Studies & Planning& Follow-up / August 2006 .

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