This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Before we go on to our project on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) undertaken by National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC), we would first like to introduce the concept of CSR. So that we have a clear understanding of what is CSR and its importance and need. This would facilitate in understanding the CSR of NTPC. All organisations have an impact on the society and the environment through their operations, products or services, and through their interactions with key stakeholder groups including employees, customers/clients, suppliers, investors and the local community. This is demonstrated in the diagram given below.
Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress
Now this is where the need for Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) arises. Why? Because business has an impact on the society. So, what is meant by CSR? Why is it important for an organisation to undertake CSR? All this is explained as follows.
Meaning of Corporate Social Responsibility
There is no single commonly accepted notion of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). CSR means many things but it usually centres on the concept of “sustainable development”. It has been described/defined in many ways:
CSR is described as “how business takes account of its economic, social and environmental impacts in the way it operates – maximizing the benefits and minimizing the downsides”. In other words, it is about taking responsibility for the impact of our business on all those who are affected by it.
According to World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD), CSR is “the continuining commitment by the business to behave ethically and to contribute to economic development while improving the quality of life of the workforce and their families as well as local community and society at large”
Business for Social Responsibility suggests the idea of CSR relates to businessdecision making linked to ethical values, compliance with legal requirements and respect for people, communities and the environment, in a manner that meets or exceeds ethical, legal, commercial and public expectations, that society has of business.
Under these and most other definitions CSR is essentially about what organisations do, how they do it and the impact of their behaviour on the wider society. It focuses on a variety of issues ranging from actions in the workplace and marketplace to questions such as community investment, environment impact, business ethics and human rights. Thus CSR can be summed up as follows: • A voluntary activity in excess of legal compliance
Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress • • • • Acting in an ethical values Creating positive working environment for employees Giving back to the local community and the society at large Minimising the adverse impact of the operations of the company on the environment
Importance of Corporate Social Responsibility
Every business needs to recognise the impact of its operations on the world. The way they do business dictates the footprint they leave behind. If they take the time to “maximise the benefits and minimise the downsides” then they can help to create a better world. Corporate social responsibility in business isn’t just a do-gooders’ charter or latest example of regulatory overdrive. It is about creating sustainable businesses through the best possible relationships with their communities and stakeholders. The expectations of the traditional stakeholders – shareholders, customers, and employees are increasing and so, too, is the list of groups wanting to know how an organisation is run. As a result, more and more companies are working harder not only to make a positive impact on society and the environment through their operations, products or services, but also to demonstrate it to these groups. A comprehensive set of policies, practices and programmes incorporated throughout a business can increase productivity, contribute to competitiveness, improve staff recruitment and retention rates and create a more positive corporate image. Unfortunately, many companies only use the responsible business approach as a risk management tool. This limits the benefits that could be achieved through focusing on opportunity rather than risk. Socially responsible business is not about restricting business growth; it’s about creating new opportunities, the better way of doing business.
Environment Community. ethical and environment 4 . These include: • • Understanding of and attitude of CSR Actions taken in pursuit of a more socially responsible approach especially relating to. The research was designed to focus specifically on a number of key areas.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress The main aim of the research was to examine how far the notion of Corporate Social Responsibility has permeated the NTPC organisation in both attitudinal and behavioural sense. beliefs and assumptions of NTPC with regard to social. at local and national level Structural arrangements for CSR Barriers to involvement in social. ethical and environmental issues and to investigate what actions have been taken by the enterprise in pursuit of a more socially responsible approach. The essence of the research study was to explore the underlying attitudes. • • Human Resources.
power equipment manufacturing. NTPC occupies 411th place.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress NTPC.394 MW. oil & gas exploration.955 MW) and 4 power stations in Joint Ventures(1. It plans to be a 75. NTPC has installed capacity of 29. It has diversified into hydro power. coal mining. was setup in 1975 to accelerate power development in the country. In Forbes list of World’s 2000 Largest Companies for the year 2007. It has 15 coal based power stations (23. power trading & 5 .000 MW company by 2017. 7 gas based power stations (3. It is among the world’s largest and most efficient power generation companies. NTPC has gone beyond the thermal power generation.794 MW). the largest power Company in India.395 MW). The company has power generating facilities in all major regions of the country.
With its experience and expertise in the power sector. In November 2004. NTPC's share on 31 Mar 2008 in the total installed capacity of the country was 19. NTPC thus became a listed company with Government holding 89. NTPC is extending consultancy services to various organisations in the power business.5% of the equity share capital and rest held by Institutional Investors and Public. NTPC has set new benchmarks for the power industry both in the area of power plant construction and operations. NTPC is now in the entire power value chain and is poised to become an Integrated Power Major. NTPC came out with its Initial Public Offering (IPO) consisting of 5.50% of the total power generation of the country during 2007-08.25% as offer for sale by Government of India. The issue was a resounding success. NTPC is among the largest five companies in India in terms of market capitalization. 6 .Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress distribution. It provides consultancy in the area of power plant constructions and power generation to companies in India and abroad.25% as fresh issue and 5.1% and it contributed 28.
Government of the India has identified NTPC as one of the jewels of Public Sector 'Navratnas'. with increasing 7 . Inspired by its glorious past and vibrant present.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Recognising its excellent performance and vast potential.a potential global giant. powering India's growth. NTPC is well on its way to realise its vision of being "A world class integrated power major.
BCOMIT • • • • • • Business ethics Customer Focus Organizational & Professional Pride Mutual Respect & Trust Innovation & Speed Total Quality for Excellence 8 . Mission Develop and provide reliable power related products and services at competitive prices. integrating multiple energy resources with innovative & Eco-friendly technologies and contribution to the society Core Values .Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Vision A world class integrated power major. powering India's growth with increasing global presence.
in its target to remain the largest generating utility of India. there is a need to push for renewable sources of power in the sector. A first step in this direction has already been taken with the investment in Koldam Hydro Power Project. Going forward. coal has a dominant share in the power generation capacities in India. NTPC would endeavour to maintain or improve its share of India's generating capacity. Fuel / Energy Mix For Capacity Addition Currently. NTPC would continue to speedily implement projects and introduce stateof-art technologies. NTPC currently accounts for about 20% of the country's installed capacity and almost 60% of the total installed capacity in the Central sector in the country. financial strength and large experience serve to provide an advantage over competitors. both in terms of availability and prices. NTPC would avail of opportunities to add hydropower to its portfolio subject to competitive tariffs. NTPC would target to build an overall capacity portfolio of over 66. To meet the objective of making available reliable and quality power at competitive prices. Towards this end. With high uncertainties involved in Domestic gas/ LNG. Total Capacity Portfolio India's generation capacity can be expected to grow from the current levels of about 120 GW to about 225-250 GW by 2017. including few integrated coal cum power projects. NTPC would continue to set up large pit-head coal based projects.000 MW by 2017. NTPC would also consider other energy sources such as 9 . Its scale of operation. NTPC would continue to closely monitor developments on nuclear front also and be open to setting up around 2000 MW of Nuclear power generation capacity. As a leader in power generation.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Future Of The Generation Business Developing and operating world-class power stations is NTPC's core competence. This is also reflected in the high share of coal-based capacities in NTPC's current portfolio. possibly through a Joint Venture. To reduce the dependence on fossil fuels.
Establishing A Global Presence To become a truly global company serving global markets. Operations & Maintenance services. NTPC would continue to focus on offering Engineering & Project Management Services. Over last few years. it is essential for NTPC to establish its brand equity in overseas markets. severely affecting optimum utilisation of its power stations and these shortages are likely to continue in future as well. Establishing a successful services brand would be a precursor to taking higher investment decisions in different markets. both in coal and gas.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress biomass. cogeneration. Going forward. NTPC has recently diversified into coal mining business primarily to secure its fuel requirements and support its aggressive capacity addition program. though not very significantly. and Renovation & Modernization services in the international market. the country has been facing acute shortages. the fuel mix in 2017 may be different from the existing portfolio. NTPC would continue to evaluate various 10 . etc for future development thereby reducing the dependence on thermal fuels. fuel cells. this focus was adequate as the industry was highly regulated with limited diversification opportunities. To safeguard its competitive advantage in power generation business. with presence across entire energy value chain. While a decision on the fuel/energy mix for NTPC in the future would be largely governed by their relative tariff-competitiveness. In the past. This is in spite of the fact that India is one of the largest producers of coal in the World. to symbolise this change. NTPC has taken on a new identity and a new name 'NTPC Limited'. NTPC has moved ahead in diversifying its portfolio to emerge as an integrated power major. NTPC is also giving thrust on diversification in the areas of power trading and distribution. In addition. Diversification Along The Value Chain NTPC has achieved the distinction of being the largest thermal generating company in India. In fact. Diversification would also allow NTPC to offer new growth opportunities to its employees while leveraging their skills to capitalise on new opportunities in the sector.
diversified across the power value chain and entered overseas markets. acquisition of gas blocks etc.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress options for strengthening its presence in global markets including setting up power generation capacity. NTPC would have successfully diversified its generation mix. Elements of the revised profile that NTPC would seek to achieve are: • • • • • • • • Amongst top five market capitalisation in the Indian market An Indian MNC with presence in many countries Diversified utility with multiple businesses Setting benchmarks in project construction and plant availability & efficiency Preferred employer Have a strong research and technology base Loyal customer base in both bulk and retail supply A leading corporate citizen with a keen focus on executing its social –responsibility 11 . Circa 2017: NTPC's Corporate Profile By the year 2017. As a result NTPC would have altered its profile significantly.
" To induct talent and groom them into a dedicated cadre of power professionals "Executive Trainee" Scheme was introduced in the year 1977 for recruitment in the disciplines of Mechanical.500 employees to fulfill its business plans. Besides a comprehensive one year training comprising theoretical inputs as well as on-thejob training. as well as specific need-based interventions based on scientific Training Needs Analysis. a systematic Training plan has been formulated for ensuring minimum seven man days training per employee per year and includes level-wise planned intervention designed to groom people for assuming positions of higher responsibility. As part of post employment training and development opportunities. While the project training centres 12 . Human Resources Function has formulated an integrated HR strategy which rests on four building blocks of HR viz. NTPC has set up 15 project training centres. Electrical. Commitment building. Chemistry. Competence building. Culture building and Systems building pramod. 2 simulator training centres and an apex institute namely 'Power Management Institute' (PMI). Civil. Control & Instrumentation and now encompasses Computer Science. the new recruits are also attached with senior executives under a systematic and formal 'Mentoring System' of the company to integrate them into the Culture of the company. HR and Finance disciplines also. All HR initiatives are undertaken within this broad framework to actualize the HR Vision of "enabling the employees to be a family of committed world class professionals making NTPC a learning organization.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress NTPC believes in achieving organizational excellence through Human Resources and follows "People First" approach to leverage the potential of its 23.
Besides opportunities for long term education are also provided through tie ups with reputed Institutions like IIT. medical and recreational opportunities for employees and their family members. A culture of celebrating achievements and a strong focus on 13 . In order to institutionalize a strong Culture based on Values a number of initiatives are taken to actualize the Vision and Core Values (BCOMIT) across the company. MDI. Quality Circles have been set up in various units/offices in NTPC. PMI places emphasis on management development. In order to realize the HR Vision of making NTPC by a a learning providing number of Organization new capabilities opportunities to continually learn initiatives have been taken. Gurgaon (Executive MBA programme). Pilani (B. BITS. NTPC offers best quality-of-life through beautiful townships with all amenities such as educational.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress (Employee Development Centres) have specialized in imparting technical skills and knowledge. Delhi.Tech) etc.Tech in Power Generation Technology). In order to tap the latent talent among non executives and make use of their potential for creativity and innovation. Besides a management journal called "Horizon" is published quarterly to enable employees to share their ideas and experiences across the organization. (M. NTPC Open Competition for Executive Talent (NOCET) is organized every year in which teams of executives compete annually through oral and written presentation on a topical theme. NTPC has developed strong employee welfare. Similarly "Professional Circles" have been formed department-wise where Executives of the department meet every fortnight to share their knowledge and experiences and discuss topical issues. Demonstrating its high concern for people. The motivation to perform and excel is further enhanced through a comprehensive NTPC Rewards and Recognition system. health & well-being and social security systems leading to high level of commitment.
These Centers give a good insight to the employees about their strengths and weaknesses. the gaps in their competencies which they can bridge through suitable support from company. 14 .Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress performance are a way of life in NTPC. Due to innovative people management practices there is a high level of pride and commitment amongst employees as reflected in the various external surveys including Great Places to Work for in India in which NTPC was rated third Great Place to work for in the country in 2005. NTPC has institutionalized "Development Centers" in the company to systematically diagnose the current and potential competency requirements of the employees with the objective of enhancing their development in a planned manner.
Amongst the guiding principles adopted in the document are company's proactive approach to environment.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Harmony between man and environment is the essence of healthy life and growth. The organization has pursued the Environmental 15 . It has been taking various measures discussed below for mitigation of environment pollution due to power generation. NTPC brought out a comprehensive document entitled "NTPC Environment Policy and Environment Management System". Environment Management. the Ministry of Environment and Forests had prepared a draft Environment Policy (NEP) and the Ministry of Power along with NTPC actively participated in the deliberations of the draft NEP. optimum utilisation of equipment. Occupational Health and Safety Systems NTPC has actively gone for adoption of best international practices on environment. maximising ash utilisation and providing green belt all around the plant for maintaining ecological balance. thereby minimising waste. maintenance of ecological balance and a pristine environment has been of utmost importance to NTPC. National Environment Policy: At the national level. NTPC Environment Policy: As early as in November 1995. The NEP 2006 has since been approved by the Union Cabinet in May 2006. NTPC has evolved a well defined environment management policy and sound environment practices for minimising environmental impact arising out of setting up of power plants and preserving the natural ecology. The policy also envisages efficient utilisation of resources. occupational health and safety areas. Therefore. Environment Policy & Environment Management System Driven by its commitment for sustainable growth of power. adoption of latest technologies and continual environment improvement.
Pollution Control Systems While deciding the appropriate technology for its projects. Low-NOX Burners: In gas based NTPC power stations. NTPC integrates many environmental provisions into the plant design. by adopting best combustion practices. Coal Settling Pits / Oil Settling Pits: 16 . all NTPC power stations have been certified for ISO 14001 & OHSAS 18001 by reputed national and international Certifying Agencies. Neutralisation Pits: Neutralisation pits have been provided in the Water Treatment Plant (WTP) for pH correction of the effluents before discharge into Effluent Treatment Plant (ETP) for further treatment and use. Flue Gas Stacks: Tall Flue Gas Stacks have been provided for wide dispersion of the gaseous emissions (SOX. In order to ensure that NTPC comply with all the stipulated environment norms. The ash collected in the ESPs is disposed to Ash Ponds in slurry form. NOx emissions are controlled by provision of Low-NOx Burners (dry or wet type) and in coal fired stations. various state-of-the-art pollution control systems / devices as discussed below have been installed to control air and water pollution. As a result of pursuing these practices. NOX etc) into the atmosphere. Electrostatic Precipitators: The ash left behind after combustion of coal is arrested in high efficiency Electrostatic Precipitators (ESPs) and particulate emission is controlled well within the stipulated norms.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Management System (EMS) ISO 14001 and the Occupational Health and Safety Assessment System OHSAS 18001 at its different establishments.
coal dust and oil are removed from the effluents emanating from the Coal Handling Plant (CHP). Ash Dykes & Ash Disposal Systems: Ash ponds have been provided at all coal based stations except Dadri where Dry Ash Disposal System has been provided. Ash Water Recycling System (AWRS) has been provided. Ash in slurry form is discharged into the lagoons where ash particles get settled from the slurry and clear effluent water is discharged from the ash pond. This has been envisaged for the first time in Asia which has resulted in progressive development of green belt besides far less requirement of land and less water requirement as compared to the wet ash disposal system. as a proactive measure. Ash Water Recycling System: Further.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress In these Pits. At its Dadri Power Station. Cooling Towers: Cooling Towers have been provided for cooling the hot Condenser cooling water in closed cycle Condenser Cooling Water (CCW) Systems. in a number of NTPC stations. NTPC has set up a unique system for dry ash collection and disposal facility with Ash Mound formation. coal yard and Fuel Oil Handling areas before discharge into ETP. The discharged effluents conform to standards specified by CPCB and the same is regularly monitored. This helps in reduction in thermal pollution and conservation of fresh water. DE & DS Systems: Dust Extraction (DE) and Dust Suppression (DS) systems have been installed in all coal fired power stations in NTPC to contain and extract the fugitive dust released in the Coal Handling Plant (CHP). In the AWRS. Ash Ponds have been divided into lagoons and provided with garlanding arrangements for change over of the ash slurry feed points for even filling of the pond and for effective settlement of the ash particles. the effluent from ash pond is circulated back to 17 .
Singrauli. Kahalgaon and Talcher Kaniha. The ash water recycling system has already been installed and is in operation at Ramagundam. etc. Dadri. concrete. Singrauli. Korba. service water drains etc. the effluents are sent to the ETP for further treatment. The composite liquid effluent treatment plant has been designed to treat all liquid effluents which originate within the power station e. Korba. Dry Ash Extraction System (DAES): Dry ash has much higher utilization potential in ash based products (such as bricks. Talcher Kaniha. Korba and Vindhyachal. Talcher Thermal. Farakka. Condensate Polishing Unit (CPU) effluent. Talcher Thermal. After primary treatment at the source of their generation. Liquid Waste Treatment Plants & Management System: The objective of industrial liquid effluent treatment plant (ETP) is to discharge lesser and cleaner effluent from the power plants to meet environmental regulations.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress the station for further ash sluicing to the ash pond. Coal Handling Plant (CHP) effluent. Jhanor Gandhar. Simhadri.). Sewage Treatment Plants & Facilities: 18 . floor washings. Vindhyachal. Faridabad. The scheme has helped stations to save huge quantity of fresh water required as make-up water for disposal of ash. Vindhyachal. Kahalgaon. Kayamkulam. Water Treatment Plant (WTP). Simhadri. Farakka. Simhadri. This helps in savings of fresh water requirements for transportation of ash from the plant. Portland pozzolana cement. The scheme involves collection of various effluents and their appropriate treatment centrally and re-circulation of the treated effluent for various plant uses. DAES has been installed at Unchahar. These plants have helped to control quality and quantity of the effluents discharged from the stations. Talcher Kaniha and BTPS. Ramagundam. NTPC has implemented such systems in a number of its power stations such as Ramagundam. aerated autoclaved concrete blocks.g. Kahalgaon. Rihand. Rihand.
look after various environmental issues of the individual station. The Environment Management Group. At several stations. Environment Management During Operation Phase NTPC's environment friendly approach to power has already begun to show results in conservation of natural resources such as water and fuel (coal. the company has constituted different groups at project. The effluent quality is monitored regularly and treated effluent conforming to the prescribed limit is discharged from the station. Gas Collection Chambers etc have been provided to improve the effluent quality. NTPC has chalked out a set of well defined activities that are envisaged right from the project conceptualisation stage so that during the entire life cycle of the power plant. Ash Utilisation Group and Centre for Power Efficiency & Environment Protection (CENPEEP) function from the Corporate Centre and initiate measures to mitigate the impact of power project implementation on the environment and preserve ecology in the vicinity of the projects.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Sewage Treatment Plants (STPs) sewage treatment facilities have been provided at all NTPC stations to take care of Sewage Effluent from Plant and township areas. NTPC is fully compliant with various environment regulations and a pristine environment and ecological balance is maintained in and around its power station and townships. In a number of NTPC projects modern type STPs with Clarifloculators. 19 . treated effluents of STPs are being used for horticulture purpose. oil & gas) as well as control of environmental pollution. Environmental Institutional Set-up Realizing the importance of protection of the environment with speedy development of the power sector. regional and Corporate Centre level to carry out specific environment related functions. Following is brief description of some of the measures taken during the operation phase of the stations. As already mentioned earlier. Environment Management and Ash Utilisation Groups established at each station. Mechanical Agitators. sludge drying beds.
In addition to the above. domestic effluent and Condenser Cooling Water (CCW) effluent are monitored at the stipulated frequency at the source itself and at the points of discharge. The PMS has already been implemented at Corporate Centre. This software facilitates direct transfer of environment reports and other environment related information from stations to the Regional Headquarters and Corporate Centre. On-Line Data Base Management: In order to have better control on pollution and to achieve effective environment management in and around NTPC stations. it is imperative to have an on-line. main plant effluent. a computerized programme. These activities have greatly helped to minimise the impact on environment and preserve the ecology in and around its power projects. These measures have been enumerated as follows.PMS. This system has helped in achieving continuous improvement in NTPC’s environment performance through improved monitoring and reporting system by using the trend analysis and advanced data management techniques.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Performance enhancement and up-gradation measures are undertaken by the organisation during the post operational stage of the stations. which could provide reliable storage. In consideration of the above. Generating Stations. ambient air. surface water and ground water quality in and around NTPC plants are regularly monitored to assess any adverse impacts as a result of operation of the power plant. the Regional Headquarters and most of the Stations. Monitoring of Environmental Parameters: A broad based Environment Monitoring Programme has been formulated and implemented in NTPC. namely "Paryavaran Monitoring System" . Regional Headquarters and Corporate Centre. reliable and efficient environment information system on the plant operational and environmental performance parameters at all three levels i. 20 . All pollutants discharged from the power plant such as stack emission. prompt and accurate flow of information on environmental performance of Stations was developed and installed in NTPC.e. ash pond effluent.
High efficiency Electro-Static Precipitators (ESPs) of the order of 99. the emission of Suspended Particulate Matter (SPM) has been brought down appreciably at the above stations and is maintained within the present statutory limit of 150 mg/Nm3. a number of retrofit and upgradation measures have been undertaken at different stations. Remedial measures have already been taken up and implemented to improve the efficiency of the existing ESPs at various NTPC stations. As a result of the above retrofits. the ESPs of a number of stations were built prior to the promulgation of the Environment (Protection) Act. Additional ESPs were retrofitted in the older power stations. However.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Environment Reviews: To maintain constant vigil on environmental compliance. Farakka. NTPC keeps an open mind for Renovation and Modernisation (R & M) and Retrofitting and Upgradation of pollution monitoring and control facilities in its existing stations. ESP performance enhancement programme by adopting advanced micro-processor based Electrostatic Precipitator Management System (EPMS) was installed at its power stations at Singrauli. As a feedback and follow-up of these Environmental Reviews. Vindhyachal and Unchahar. Ramagundam. It is important to mention that such modifications/retrofit programs not only helped in betterment of environment but also in resource conservation. Such periodic Environmental Reviews and extensive monitoring of the facilities carried out at all stations have helped in compliance with the environmental norms and timely renewal of the Air and Water Consents. Environmental Reviews are carried out at all operating stations and remedial measures have been taken wherever necessary. Upgradation & Retrofitting of Pollution Control Systems: In order to keep pace with the changing norms and ensure compliance with statutory requirements in the field of pollution control. namely at Badarpur and Talcher Thermal. Korba. In new projects. Rihand.5% and above have been provided at NTPC stations for control of stack particulate emissions. 1986 and notification of emission control standards under this Act. the ESPs have been 21 .
These wastes fall either under hazardous wastes category or non-hazardous wastes category as per classification given in Government of India's notification on Hazardous Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules 1989 (as amended in 2000 & 2003). fire resistant fluids etc. Reduction in water requirement for main plant and ash disposal areas through recycle and reuse of water. within existing land. other lead bearing wastes (such as garkets etc. empty cylinders (refillable). metal scrap. glass wool. used photo-chemicals. rubber products. e-waste. lead acid batteries. plant hospital and the townships of projects. BioMedical wastes get generated in power plant areas. C&I wastes. the organization is continually looking for innovative and cost effective solutions to conserve natural resources and reduce wastes. Resources Conservation With better awareness and appreciation towards ecology and environment.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress designed for a maximum permissible outlet dust emission of 50 mg/Nm3 to meet the likely stringent emission norms in the near future. fused lamps & tubes. building material wastes. Natural gas and Fuel oil) and Reduction in fuel requirement through more efficient combustion and adoption of stateof-the-art technologies such as super critical boilers Waste Management Various types of wastes such as Municipal or domestic wastes. electrical scrap. paper. The wastes generated are a number of solid and hazardous wastes like used oils & waste oils.). silica gel. used resin. hazardous wastes. Municipal Waste Management: 22 . Efficient use of Fuel (Coal. Some of the measures include: • • • • • Reduction in land requirements for main plant and ash disposal areas in newer units. asbestos packing. oil & clarifier sludge. grease. Handling and management of these wastes in NTPC stations have been discussed below. Capacity addition in old plants. canteen (bio-degradable) wastes.
plaster of paris waste. used torch batteries. In NTPC sataione. asbestos packings. The seggregated bio-medical wastes are either disposed through the SPCB approved agency or they are treated in autoclaves before disposal into bio- 23 . the Hazardous Wastes (Recyclable) are sold / auctioned to registered recyclers / refiners. used petro-chemicals. Scientific study on management and handling of hazardous wastes was carried out at a few NTPC stations to adopt the best practices so that there is a complete compliance with statutory requirements. these wastes are segregated and are placed in buckets of different colours as per the notification for Bio-Medical Waste (Management & Handling) Rules.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Domestic or municipal waste is generated in households at townships. Bio-Medical Waste Management: Hospital (or Bio-medical) wastes get generated from hospitals and they include urine bags. The other hazardous wastes such as the activated carbon resins. storage and disposal of hazardous wastes. water & cotton) filters. fall under the category of Hazardous Wastes (Non-Recyalable). As per the notification. ribbon. mixed wastes (waste oil. toners / cartridges. human anatomical wastes. This waste is segregated into bio-degradable and non-biodegradable wastes at source itself in different coloured containers and thereafter the two types are disposed separately. These wastes are small in quantity and are stored in properly identified locations. The segregated non bio-degradable waste is disposed off separately in other identified low lying areas and is spread out uniformly. earth contaminated with synthetic oil (FQF) glass used & sodium silicate. hazardous wastes (non-recyalable) are to be sent to State Pollution Control Board (SPCB) approved common treatment storage and disposal facility (TSDF). lamps & tubes etc. blood & chemical mixed cotton. blood & urines tubes etc. used drums (hazardous) chromium (Cr-III electrolytes. empty plastic bottles of water & glucose. Hazardous Waste Management: NTPC being a proactive organization. the handling and disposal of hazardous wastes are done as per the Hazardous Wastes (Management & Handling) Rules 1989 (as amended in 2003) guidelines issued by Government of India for the treatment. Bio-degradable waste is spread uniformly in identified low lying areas and thereafter it is covered with soil for use later as manure after composting.
It is planned to reclaim all the abandoned ash disposal areas by plantation. Extensive plantations have also been undertaken on dry ash mound at NTPCDadri. Reclamation of Abandoned Ash ponds: The reclamation of abandoned ash pond sites is a challenging task. Rihand. Green Belts. as a responsible corporate citizen. NTPC is undertaking afforestation programmes covering vast areas of land in and around its projects. The afforestation has not only contributed to the aesthetics but also has been serving as a 'sink' for the pollutants released from the station and thereby protecting the quality of ecology and environment in and around the projects. The treated bio-medical waste is spread uniformly and covered with 10 cm thick soil in bio-medical waste disposal pits.8 lakh energy plants including Pongamia and Jatropha have already 24 . NTPC has reclaimed temporary ash disposal areas at some of its projects namely Ramagundam. Afforestation & Energy Plantations: In a concerted bid to counter the growing ecological threat.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress medical waste disposal pits. Land Use / Bio-diversity As a policy. Thrust has also been given to bio-diesel plantation and around 4. Appropriate afforestation programmes for plant. township and green belt areas of the project have been implemented at all projects. Singrauli and Unchahar through plantation and converted these sites into lush green environments. NTPC till date has planted more than 18 million trees at its projects throughout the country. NTPC lays special emphasis on land use and Bio-diversity by way of development of green belts. In order to enhance green cover in the areas around our projects. reclamation of abandoned Ash Ponds and EIA and ecological monitoring in the project areas and its surroundings. Talcher Thermal. energy plantations.
These studies consists of impact assessment in the area of the land use.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress been planted. to take preventive and mitigatory measures. Ecological Monitoring & Scientific Studies NTPC has been a leader in the industrial sector of India in undertaking scientific studies related to thermal power generation. specific scientific studies are also conducted to scientifically assess the likely impact of the pollutants on the sensitive flora and fauna in the surroundings. Based on the recommendations of Environmental Impact Assessment Study and Environmental Management Plan (EMP) and the conditions stipulated in the clearances from Ministry of Environment and Forests and State Pollution Control Boards. hydrology. meteorology. water use. NTPC has pioneered several scientific studies in collaboration with national/ international institutions to develop an environmental databank e. The EIA involves stage-by-stage evaluation of various parameters which affect the environment. terrestrial and aquatic ecology and noise. water quality. as also. air quality. A pilot project for extraction of seeds from these bio-diesel plants has also been set up. Environment Impact Assessment Studies: Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Studies are inevitably undertaken to evaluate potential negative impacts as well as to formulate Environmental Management Plans to overcome the identified impacts. These studies are conducted before starting the construction as well as after operation of the plant and gives comprehensive status of the environment as existed before construction as well as in the post operational stages of the project. 25 .g. Based on EIA study. soil. socioeconomic aspects. wherever required. wherever required. Detailed Geohydrological Studies to understand the impact of ash pond leachate on ground water and Ecological Impacts Monitoring through Remote Sensing Data have been carried out at its operating stations as discussed below.
Geo-hydrological Studies: NTPC has conducted several geohydrological studies of the ash disposal areas at its projects (Singrauli. Regional Environmental Assessment studies have been conducted for Integrated Development of Singrauli. Vindhyachal. The studies have been conducted through National Remote Sensing Agency (NRSA). Vindhyachal. Indian Institutes of Technology. Some of these important gains which have been noticed are increase in dense forest area. Korba. Rihand. Such studies are of first of their kind in India and probably very few such studies have been undertaken in other countries. Hyderabad at its power stations at Ramagundam. increase in agriculture area. Rehabilitation and resettlement options include land for land (subject to availability). Korba. Rihand and Singrauli. In general. increase in average rainfall. Korba and Ramagundam areas. Socio-economic Studies: Detailed socio-economic studies are undertaken to establish the socio-economic status of project affected persons and rehabilitation and resettlement plans are drawn in consultation with the state government. 26 . Farakka and Talcher) through reputed institutions like Indian Institutes of Technology. decrease in waste land etc. In addition. These studies have revealed significant environmental gains in the vicinity areas of the project as a result of pursuing sound environment management practices. Ecological Monitoring Programme: NTPC has undertaken a comprehensive Ecological Monitoring Programme through Satellite Imagery Studies covering an area of about 25 Kms radius around some of its major plants. limited jobs with NTPC and contractors and self employment schemes. Mumbai.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Apart from project specific EIA studies. as such. Farakka. Such studies conducted from time to time around a power project have established comprehensive environment status at various post operational stages of the project. NTPC also undertakes community development activities in the surrounding villages. have revealed that there is no significant adverse impact on the ecology due to the project activities in any of these stations. Roorkee. the studies.
Dry Fly Ash / Pond Ash / Bottom Ash and infrastructure facilities. The utilisation of ash and ash based products is progressively increasing as a result of the concrete efforts of these groups. Higher efficiency Combined Cycle Gas Power Plants are already under operation at all gasbased power projects in NTPC. supply of electricity etc from Government Authorities. NTPC uses only ash based bricks and Fly Ash portland pozzolana cement (FAPPC) in most of its construction activities. Demonstration projects are taken up in areas of Agriculture. higher capacity Units of size of 660 MW and advanced Steam Generators employing super critical steam parameters have already been implemented as a green field project. All these studies conclude that the leaching of heavy metals from ash occurs only under pH 4 or below. Necessary help and assistance is also offered to facilitate procurement of land. Use of Waste Products & Services -Ash Utilization Ash is the main solid waste which is put into use for various products and services. Mine filling etc. NTPC offers several facilities and incentives. These include free issue of all types of ash viz. Calcutta. Advanced / Eco-friendly Technologies NTPC has gained expertise in operation and management of 200 MW and 500 MW Units installed at different Stations all over the country and is looking ahead for higher capacity Unit sizes with super critical steam parameters for higher efficiencies and for associated environmental gains. Building materials. Necessary techno-managerial assistance is given wherever considered necessary. In practice. wherever feasible.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Centre for Studies on Man and Environment. At Sipat. Advanced clean coal technologies such as Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) have higher efficiencies of the order of 45% as 27 . In order to motivate entrepreneurs to come forward with ash utilisation schemes. Besides. NTPC has adopted user friendly policy guidelines on ash utilisation. the pH of the ash water is either neutral or alkaline (7 or above) and hence the leaching of heavy metals is highly unlikely.
NTPC has initiated a techno-economic study under USDOE / USAID for setting up a commercial scale demonstration power plant by using IGCC technology. there is also growing awareness among all concerned to keep the pollution under control and preserve the health and quality of the natural environment in the vicinity of the power stations. 28 . With the massive expansion of power generation. NTPC is conscious of its role in the national endeavour of mitigating energy poverty.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress compared to about 38% for conventional plants. These plants can use low grade coals and have higher efficiency as compared to conventional plants. heralding economic prosperity and thereby contributing towards India’s emergence as a major global economy. NTPC is committed to provide affordable and sustainable power in increasingly larger quantity.
Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress The afforestation activities of the industrial region not only serve as foreground and background landscape features but also contribute to the overall improvement in the environment. has been of utmost importance at NTPC. Environment planning and preservation is an integral part of its project activities. The crucial need for conservation and restoration of the degraded ecosystem and preservation of genetic resources of the country led to the enactment of the "Wild Life Protection Act" (1974) and "Forest Act" (1980) in addition to legal Acts of Air. flowering pattern and canopy (spreading nature) are evaluated in their distribution over these sites of afforestation. At times. NTPC undertakes afforestation programmes covering vast tracts of land in and around its projects in a concerted bid to counter growing ecological threat. 29 . These considerations not only contribute to the aesthetics but also go a long way in serving as "Sinks" for the pollutant emissions of the power plant. Maintenance of ecological balance and pristine environment therefore. The appropriate afforestation programme for plant. The species are selected on the basis of their adaptability and grouped with local representatives. The growth characteristics. Water and Environment. NTPC'S Approach It has been possible to achieve a satisfactory combination of environmental quality and techno-economics through determined efforts at NTPC for its projects. green-belt and other sites are designed according to the geographical features. they combat pollution from other industries in the surrounding area. township. Continuous vigilance is maintained to minimise pollution apart from other management programmes taking root simultaneously with construction activities.
Such areas would facilitate any power project of either the State or Centre to draw necessary "Compensatory Afforestation Area" against the existing balance in the Forest Bank. This will ensure that projects need not wait for clearance for want of identification of areas and State Government's concurrence for compensatory afforestation. The nursery ensures good quality planting stock so vital in the success of planting programmes. In order to reduce the transport cost and damage to the planting stock. NTPC has developed independent Horticulture Department at its projects headed by experienced horticulture officers / supervisors. planting right at the beginning of construction phase.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Saving the existing trees. the growth pattern and canopy are evaluated in their actual locations of the hexagonal pattern which help uniform canopy spreading. The arrangement of species in the green belt / buffer zone conforms to hexagonal pattern to facilitate maximum density of species. The site specific afforestation details conform to the natural climatic conditions and adaptability of species. Ash Mound Reclamation 30 . preservation of trees and advice from State Forest Departments and Agriculture Universities are a few general guidelines followed by NTPC in the afforestation programmes at their projects. Forest Bank An innovative proposal to create "Forest Banks" in each state was wherein the Forest Department of all States / Union Territories should identify land to initiate plantations under various programmes of the state. nurseries have been developed at the projects to meet the planting requirement. The species are grouped into a heterogeneous combination to impart a natural and healthy assemblage. In addition. The tree planting. Plant species of medicinal value are cultivated separately in isolated patch and information made available to residents for use appropriately. garden and park development in and around the township adds to the general aesthetics.
mentioned above. The dry ash disposal system results in an "ash mound" which. is estimated to reach a height of about 55 m. Parkinsonia aculeata. checking water erosion.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress The inherent limitations of wet disposal system pertained firstly.3. Cassia siamea. Pongamia glabra. Leucaena leucocephala. The water table is high and most of the area is low lying. the huge quantity of water for the slurry and finally. the reclamation of "ash mound" is still a challenging task unlike ash ponds. The dry disposal system in comparison saves on land and water. under the prevailing climatic conditions. In addition. secondly. with grass species. Although experimental trials and commercial reclamation activities over the abandoned ash pond areas have been successfully completed in a few projects at NTPC. stabilising the surface areas of ash. ultimately. for the first time in India. The climate is typical with summer temperature reaching about 46°C. Prosopis juliflora. the pipeline is replaced with the conveyor system (rail / truck).5 and 10. Around 80-85% of the project area is alkaline with a pH range between 8. in the long term. Advantages Of Reclamation Reclamation of ash ponds have innumerable advantages such as prevention of fugitive dust from ash ponds. Dry ash disposal system has been in operation. 31 . the pipe-line to transport the slurry to ash pond located at varying distances between 7-10 kms. to the land requirement which was estimated at one acre of land per MW of power for the life of plant. Unlike the wet disposal system. has been made to reclaim the completed portions of the "ash mound" initially. An attempt however. Callistemon lanceolatus have been successfully cultivated. at the National Capital Power Station (NCPS) located 10 km off Dadri Grand Trunk road and about 50 km from Delhi. preventing the potential ground water contamination and adding vegetation cover so vital. a few tree species like Eucalyptus globulus.
Reduction of forced outages to improve availability and reliability. The Centre functions as a Resource Centre for acquisition. 32 . NTPC has been promoting and deploying efficient power generation technologies and practices from design stage to operation stage and building local institutional capacities for continuously striving for eco-friendly technologies. Win-Win Approach for Global Climate Change NTPC has adopted a win-win strategy at CenPEEP by achieving synergy between environmental concerns and utility needs and initiating Comprehensive Performance Optimization Program thereby successfully balancing the dual objectives of reducing carbon di-oxide emissions that contribute to climate change and facilitating higher efficiency of power generation.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Towards reduction of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emission from Indian thermal power plants. which serves as a platform for sustained high efficiency generation is an integral part of optimization program . demonstration and dissemination of state-ofthe-art technologies and practices for performance improvement of coal fired power plants for the entire power sector of India. NTPC established Centre for Power Efficiency & Environmental Protection (CenPEEP) in collaboration with USAID with a mandate to reduce GHG emissions per unit of electricity generated by improving the overall performance of coal-fired power plants.
CenPEEP is also assisting various state electricity utilities in India by demonstration and dissemination of improved technologies and 33 .Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Centre for Power Efficiency and Environmental Protection NTPC’s effort for betterment of Indian Power Sector.
Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress practices. To increase outreach to SEBs, two Regional Centres of CenPEEP have been established at Northern Region (Lucknow) and Eastern Region (Patna).This approach has brought significant benefits to the power plants and helped in reduction of emissions.
For greater acceptability and assimilation of eco-friendly technologies and practices, methodology of ‘Technology Acquisition, demonstration and Dissemination’ has been adopted. with focus has been on low cost high benefit options, & involving people from local power stations during demonstration and widespread dissemination.
Methodology and Reach
Boiler Performance Optimization Predictive maintenance System and technologies for diagnostics Best practices for Air-preheater, etc. Condenser Water Pressure Cleaner Condenser Helium leak detector Thermodynamic modeling: A tool for Performance analysis Reliability Centered Maintenance
Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Steam Turbine performance assessment & optimization Real time measurements & ‘Balancing of air-fuel ratio Cooling tower, Condenser performance optimization Boiler Grid Mass- flow separation On-line CW flow measurement Introducing new overhaul practices Thermal audit: Accurate assessment of degradations Risk evaluation & prioritization
Impacts on heat rate by using washed coal and techno-feasibility of it for pit head Station, techno-feasibility of ash haul back to mines, establishing facilities of ash resistivity measurements for India power plants are additional interventions towards local environmental protection.
Inaugurated by US Energy Secretary in 1994, CenPEEP has grown into a pioneer National Resources Centre for introduction of several cost-effective technologies for Performance Optimization of Power Plants and environmental protection in Indian Thermal Power Sector. CenPEEP receives technical support for capacity building from US Agency for International development (USAID) through U.S. Department of Energy’s (USDOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), Structural Integrity Associates (SI), General Physics, utilities such as Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), Reliant Energy, Mirant Corporation and US utility organizations such as EPRI, US Energy Association (USEA), etc. With its unique management structure, it is ensured that initiatives are relevant to meet sectoral needs. CenPEEP has a unique management structure consisting of Advisory Board and Executive Committee.
CenPEEP has demonstrated performance assessment techniques at several NTPC and SEB stations. The tests have demonstrated heat rate improvement potential even in the best run
Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress power stations. Many demonstrated techniques and practices have been adopted by the stations. CenPEEP's efforts have helped in CO2 emissions reductions in NTPC and State Electricity Boards. Some of the state utilities have acknowledged CenPEEP’s support in reducing their emissions by over 4.5 million tones in a year. It has developed ‘Heat Rate Improvement Guidelines’ jointly with TVA, and circulated to all the coal fired power stations in India and regularly publishes ‘Performance Optimiser’, a brief on optimization experiences. (click here for details / Perforamance optimizer page can be linked here). Centre also organizes workshops / training programs to train power sector professionals. ( click here for furthocoming events)
Participant in Asia Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate
Ministry of Power (Government of India) and Central Electricity Authority (CEA) have recognized NTPC/CenPEEP as an important agency involved in GHG reduction efforts and the success achieved in this area. For Asia Pacific Partnership (APP) on Clean Development and Climate, where India is one of the participants along with Australia, China, Korea, Japan, USA, and Canada, Government of India, has entrusted NTPC/CenPEEP to work on efficiency evaluation for improvement in selected power stations of state utilities.
Recognitions Climate Technology Initiative Award of CTI, Paris
CenPEEP has been conferred ‘World Climate Technology Award 2002’ under the Climate Technology Initiative of International Energy Agency, Paris. The award recognizes the outstanding achievements of individuals and organisations in helping to commercialize and diffuse climate-friendly technologies. The award is decided by peer evaluation by an international panel. It was conferred during the Eighth Session of the Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC-COP 8) held in New Delhi in October 2002.
Climate Protection Award of USEPA
strives to derive maximum usage from the vast quantities of ash produced at its coal- 37 . companies. U.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress CenPEEP has also received U. and organizations that have made significant contributions to protecting the environment. The Ash Utilization Division. This recognition reflects the outstanding achievement of CenPEEP. Ash utilization is one of the key concerns at NTPC. EPA honors the extraordinary accomplishments of individuals.Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) Climate Protection Award for 2003.S.S. set up in 1991.
As the emphasis on gainful utilization of ash grew. and Building Products. Roads & Embankments.808 38 . concrete products.14 0. bricks/blocks/tiles etc. Area wise break-up of utilization for the year 2007-08 is as under: Area of Utilization Land Development Cement & Concrete Roads/Embankments Ash Dyke Raising Bricks Mine Filling Others Quantity (in Million Tons) 6. The various channels of ash utilization currently include use by a number of Cement. It further monitors the progress in these areas and works at developing new fields of ash utilization. The fly ash generated at NTPC stations is ideal for use in cement.694 2. Augmentation of these systems to 100% capacity is presently in progress.3 million tonnes in 1991-1992. To facilitate availability of dry ash to end-users all new units of NTPC are provided with the facility of dry ash collection system. Asbestos-Cement products & Concrete manufacturing Industries.946 0. Partial dry ash collection systems have also been set up at the existing stations where these facilities did not exist earlier.277 3. plans and programme for ash utilization. lightweight aggregates.935 8. The quality of ash produced conforms to the requirements of IS 3812. Ash Dyke Raising. From 0.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress based stations. This is attributed to its very low loss on ignition value. concrete.686 million tonnes. cellular concrete.886 0. The division proactively formulates policy. the usage over the years also increased. Land Development. the level of utilization during 2007-08 stood at over 23.
Necessary techno-managerial assistance is given wherever considered necessary. 4.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Total 23. These include free issue of all types of ash viz. supply of electricity etc. Demonstration projects are taken up in area of Agriculture.686 NTPC has adopted user friendly policy guidelines on ash utilisation. Necessary help and assistance is also offered to facilitate procurement of land. Ash Collection & Storage System Facilities & Incentives to users Direct Department Activities Administrative & Financial aspects. Dry Fly Ash / Pond Ash / Bottom Ash & infrastructure facilities. FAPPC (as per IS 1489 Part-1) and Fly Ash Bricks (as per IS 12894) have been included in our standard specifications. 2. Besides NTPC uses only ash based bricks & portland pozzolana cement (FAPPC) in most of its construction activities. from Govt. wherever feasible. These include actions identified for: 1. 3. In order to motivate entrepreneurs to come forward with ash utilisation schemes. Prominent among the methods devised so far are: Dry Flyash Extraction Systems Use in cement & concrete Use in Ash based products including setting up of Ash Technology Park 39 . Mine filling etc. Building materials. Authorities. NTPC offers several facilities and incentives. Major Initiatives Taken By NTPC Towards Ash Utilization NTPC continually strives to evolve innovative and diverse means of ash utilization to further broaden the scope.
Ash Utilization Division has brought out a booklet titled 'NTPC Guide for Users of Coal Ash' for distribution amongst prospective entrepreneurs and users of ash. agencies who may be approached for setting up the projects etc. technology suppliers. It covers salient information about NTPC's power stations. statistics about ash production and its quality. list of equipment manufacturers.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Land Development/Wasteland Development. Roads & Embankments. NTPC (together with the Government of India) has been partaking in Fly Ash Mission activities NTPC Guide For Users Of Coal Ash NTPC. Embankments and Road pavement construction 40 . facilities offered for setting up of ash based industry. Raising ash dykes' Mine filling / Stowing Agriculture In addition. Other Promotional literature printed for distribution includes Brochures titled: Ash a Resource Eco-Friendly Bricks for new Millennium Flyash based Portland Pozzolana Cement Coal ash Environment friendly material for fills. brief write-up about various technologies available for utilization of ash.
Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Besides. A documentary film. has also been produced covering use of ash in construction activities of NOIDA-Gr. literature related to Cement Concrete & Fill Material has also been compiled and is available in a booklet form. Delhi Metro Rail Corporation. Ash Utilization Division at the address mentioned below. Persons interested to collect the above-mentioned printed material/film may contact Head. NTPC has been a committed and socially responsible corporate citizen since its inception and formulated specific guidelines for the welfare of Project Affected persons (PAPs) and community development in the neighborhood villages around its power stations as early as 41 . titled 'Coal ash as a Fill Material'.NOIDA Expressway. Sarita Vihar Flyover (in Delhi) etc.
s culture. further articulated in the corporate objectives on sustainable power development. ash utilization. NTPC's mission in the area of CSR is to "Be a socially responsible corporate entity with thrust on environment protection.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress 1980s. It is one of the first in the corporate sector to formulate comprehensive resettlement and rehabilitation policy for addressing the issue of PAPs. is as follows:: "To contribute to 42 . NTPC's approach towards CSR. community development. The concept of Corporate Social Responsibility is deeply ingrained in NTPC. and energy conservation".
Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress • • sustainable power development by discharging corporate social responsibilities. July 04. The Social Commitment 43 . establishing NTPC foundation as a trust and initiating scheme for economic self reliance of physically challenged persons (PCP)." NTPC's fresh impetus on Community Development is reflected through formulation of CSRCD Policy. peripheral development and energy conservation practices. lead the sector in the areas of resettlement and rehabilitation and environment protection including effective ash-utilization.
and pursuing people-centred development. Based on its experiences and good practices adopted at various projects since the implementation of the 1993 policy. NTPC is a socially committed organisation and a socially responsible corporate citizen. The organisation was the first Public Sector Undertaking (PSU). 44 . In this regard Resettlement and Rehabilitation (R&R) program becomes an area of sharp focus. International funding agencies. as also taking into consideration the GO's recently notified NPRR-2003. a program that addresses people affected directly or indirectly in the wake of the projects undertaken by NTPC. The Pioneer Sensitive the to the social framed issues since its inception. and in that way the pioneer. This is achieved by providing opportunities in the fields of sustainable income. The Comprehensive Policy Framework The R&R policy aims at improving the overall economic status of Project Affected Persons (PAPs). organisation guidelines for the facilities to be given to the land oustees in 1980 Building on the earlier guidelines. a comprehensive R&R policy was formulated in and for May approved implementation 1993. in having such a policy in 1993. recognise and acknowledge the experiences gained by NTPC in this significant task. The policy has been arrived at after intense consultation with the stakeholders.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress NTPC believes in growth with a human face. It attaches great importance to discharging its overall social responsibilities to the community and the society at large where its projects and stations are located. NTPC R&R policy has been revised in June 2005. as also the Government of India.
Sulabh Sauchalaya etc. agricultural and non agricultural labourers. This helps meet the objective of ensuring that the Project Affected Persons (PAPs) improve or at least regain their previous standard of living. communication and other such areas. • Infrastructure to be provided includes primary school. education. Village Development Advisory Committee (VDAC) etc. tribals. Efforts are made to adopt a holistic approach to community development. WBM roads. drinking water well/ hand pumps. panchayat ghar. Each program is based on the specific local requirement and guided by the extensive Socio Economic Surveys (SES). • Suitable Resettlement Grant etc. The R&R policy options and entitlements include : Resettlement • Developed alternate free house plot in resettlement colony with necessary infrastructure facilities or provisions for self resettlement.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress health. thereby bringing into its fold homestead oustees. occupiers cultivating forest land etc. sanitation. The PAPs are systematically categorised on an individual basis. The Resettlement and Rehabilitation program is meticulously worked out for each PAP. agricultural land owners. • Free transport arrangement for belongings and reusable material or suitable transport grant. Community development activities are carried out in a transparent and participative manner. Thrust is also given on participation and consultation of stakeholders and setting up of institutional mechanisms like Public Information Centre (PIC). drainage. dispensary. Rehabilitation • 'Land for land' on a 'willing buyer willing seller' basis 45 .
There is sharp focus on all round socio economic development of the community. The rehabilitation process is attuned to the local conditions and the needs of the people. RAPs are prepared for new expansion and green field projects The plans are finalised in a consultative manner with the PAPs and the State administration and soon they translate into viable projects. providing them infrastructure facilities and also ways and means of rehabilitation. With an eye on long-term development. Other innovative measures like incentivising purchase of land by the landless etc. economic surveys and these help Independent conduct Surveys professional assess the information on each PAP and chalk out the Rehabilitation Action Plan (RAP). which is why the efforts do not stop at the individual or family level redressal but take a holistic approach. vocational training has been built into the rehabilitation process. The plans primarily aim at resettling PAPs in resettlement colonies. Improving the roads. vocational training. Subsistance Allowance etc. The plans are implemented within a definite time frame and a specified budget. The PAPs are encouraged to be partners in the implementation of the project. reputed institutes surveys. Facilitation for Land for Land on a 'willing buyer willing seller basis' is the main focus for rehabilitation.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress • • • • • Other rehabilitation options based on need and requirement Capacity Addition Programmes Suitable Rehabilitation Grants. education. infrastructure 46 . health care. Additional Economic Opportunities as per need and requirement The rehabilitation plans rest on the sound foundation of Socio (SES).
3. 9. 7. Retrofit SES for such 12 projects viz. In those projects/stations also. Ramagundam. Vindhyachal-I.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress development and sports are major activities. 4. 10. Korba. Rihand-I. All the 12 ReAPs have been completed and are closed as on date 47 . Kawas. 13. Farakka. Gandhar. Singrauli. 12. However. the PAPs' Resettlement & Rehabilitation was taken care of and the inputs/facilities etc. 8. Anta-I. These ReAPs were time bound with a specified budget. 2. 11. were provided for. Kayamkulam Talcher Kaniha Vindhyachal Ash Dyke Korba Ash Dyke Rihand Ash Dyke Faridabad Simhadri Unchahar-II Sipat Anta-II Auraiya-II Kol Dam Barh Remedial Action Plan Some Projects/Stations of NTPC were already fully or substantially developed by the time the 1993R&R Policy was adopted/implemented in 1993. 5. Auraiya-I and NCPS Dadri have been carried out and Remedial Actions Plans (ReAPs) prepared. to cope with its total commitment to the well being of PAPs. 1. the Company did a re-assessment of the activities in the older projects/stations and carried out a 'retrofit' R&R operation to bridge the gaps wherever they had occurred. Kahalgaon. 6. Raps Under Implementation RAPs have been finalised for thirteen projects and are in various stages of implementation viz. Apart from that various welfare and cultural activities are also taken up.
social scientists wherever and whenever such help was felt necessary. Professional NGOs/CBOs capable of assisting self employment have been engaged at times to achieve the desired results depending upon the need and requirement. consultation and transparency with the stakeholders in its activities. service groups etc to augment organisational efforts for the socio economic development of the areas. The regional R&R groups are responsible for monitoring the progress of implementation of R&R plans and follow up of the respective R&R activities. In addition to this. the programmes are carried out closely with the NGOs/CBOs. Monitoring And Evaluation Institutional Framework R&R Group Recognising the importance of sound institutional framework to achieve the desired results NTPC has set up dedicated R&R groups. At the project level the group is responsible for coordinating and implementing the R&R plans and activities. The Grievance Redressal Mechanism for each project encourages PAPs to approach them if dissatisfied with the arrangements. its revision from time to time and facilitates the projects and the regions in planning.budgeting and approval of RAPs etc. facilitators. The R&R groups operate at projects. consultants. it oversees consistent application of policies. Encouragement has been given for the formation of informal groups at project level involving employees. scheduling . The right skill mix has also been provided by associating people with social expertise and philanthropic thoughts. For effective participation. Regional Headquarters and the Corporate Centre. Public Information Centres (PICs) and Village Development Advisory Committees (VDACs) have been set up by the organisation. 48 . At Corporate level. their families. depending upon the need.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Implementation.
Block Development Officer.survey reports. Village Development Advisory Committee (VDAC) VDACs facilitates finalisation and implementation of RAPs in a participative manner. Panchayat representative. The PAPs are able to glean information on various facets of the project and also submit any query or grievance. innovative practices are used from time to time depending on the project. constitute it and meet regularly since the formulation of RAP till completion and closure of RAPs at respective projects. The representatives of PAPs. PICs at Corporate Centre and the projects house an array of documents. land records. 49 . action plans. Our personnel in-charge of R&R activities in the organisation endeavour to not just meet the formal organisational commitments made to the PAPs but go beyond them through the application of innovative practices from time to time Public Information Centre (PIC) To disseminate information on the project.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress In an endeavour to not just meet its promise but transcend. Gram Pradhan. policy etc. other representatives of State Government NTPC and NGOs/CBOs.
In such isolated and remote rural areas. 50 . Some of the villages are located in remote & inaccessible areas where it would be either impossible or extremely expensive to extend the power transmission network. As per census 2001. Objectives • • • • Implementation of distributed generation projects using locally available renewable resources such as biomass. especially the rural sector where 80% of our population lives. Training & capacity building of local community to enable them to independently manage. NTPC has formulated a Business Model for implementation of these projects with respect to viability and long term availability. operate & maintain the plant. training and capacity building of the VEC for enabling them to operate & manage the plant independently. To ensure viability and long term sustainability of DG projects. All decisions w. about 44% of the rural house-hold do not have access to electricity. bio-diesel etc. micro hydel. The VEC is responsible for collecting electricity consumption charges from the consumers. implementation & sustainability of the projects are taken by VEC with full confidence of the villagers by convening a Gram Sabha as per the guidelines for Panchayati Raj system of Governance. Integrated growth & development of rural areas by enhancing employment education. income generation & livelihood opportunities. These projects are located within the village and managed. NTPC has initiated the concept of rural electrification through Distributed Generation (DG) projects for assisting the Government of India (GoI) in achieving the goal of “Electricity for all”. Such an economic development cannot be achieved without availability of energy and subsequently efficient energy management which is crucial for rural development.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress India is aiming at spectacular economic development in near future and this specifically needs to include all sectors to contribute. operated & maintained by the local villagers through a cooperative “Village Energy Committee” (VEC). This will facilitate integrated development of the villages and subsequently economic growth of our country.r. NTPC provides necessary technical support. payment to operator charges penalties if any and bears the O&M expenses. solar photovoltaic.t.
Wind resource assessment at NTPC Simhadri. 3. Proposed 250 MW wind farm in Tamil Nadu. 4. 6.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress • To ensure implementation of various technologies as demo/pilot project. Renewable energy technologies provide not only electricity but offer an environmentally clean and low noise source of power. Renewable Energy Renewable energy (RE) is being perceived as an alternative source of energy for “Energy Security” and subsequently “Energy Independence” by 2020.000 MW thru renewable resources. NTPC plans to broad base generation mix by evaluating conventional and non-conventional sources of energy to ensure long run competitiveness and mitigate fuel risks. 5. 51 . 2. NTPC has also formulated its' business plan of capacity addition of about 1. Renewable Energy Sources Wind energy farms Small Hydro Project Solar PV Power Project Solar Thermal Biomass Power Project Geothermal Power Project Capacity 650 MW 300 MW 5 MWe 10 MW 15 MW 30 MW Foray Into Renewable Energy • • • 100 MW wind farm. No 1. Portfolio of Renewable Power S.
1 MW bio-fuel based project in Chhattisgarh for cluster of villages. 5 MW solar plants at Andaman & Nicobar. 4 MW hydro based plant at NTPC – Rihand. Identification of potential site(s) for geothermal based power plant. 52 . Identification of site in Madhya Pradesh & Chhattisgarh for biomass based project on combustion technology. 10 MW addition of solar field at NTPC.Anta.5 MW biomass based power plant on gasificationtechnology in Madhya Pradesh.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress • • • • • • • • 8 MW hydro based plant at NTPC – Singrauli. 1.
NTPC is also a member of Corporate Roundtable on Development of Strategies for Environment (CoRE) initiated by TERI and confirmed its support for the principles outlined in the CoRE Sustainability Charter drawn from International Chamber of Commerce’s Business Charter for Sustainable Development.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress NTPC’s integrated approach towards Corporate Social Responsibility For achieving its vision . and energy conservation”. a UN initiative launched by its Secretary General Mr Kofi Annan and is committed to adhere to its ten principles in the areas of Human Rights. • To lead the sector in the areas of resettlement and rehabilitation and environment protection including effective ash-utilization. NTPC’s approach towards CSR has also been articulated in the corporate objectives on sustainable power development as stated below: • To contribute to sustainable power development by discharging corporate social responsibilities. peripheral development and energy conservation practices. Labour. ash utilization. powering India’s growth”.“To be one of the world’s largest and best power utilities. community development.“Be a socially responsible corporate entity with thrust on environment protection. Environment and Anti-corruption. NTPC mission statement on CSR states . 53 .” NTPC is a member of Global Compact.
Energy Efficiency. Similarly the social concerns include Resettlement & Rehabilitation. Social Security for Old Age. National Calamity. Community Development. NTPC thus follows the global practice of addressing the CSR issue in an integrated multistakeholder approach covering the environment and social aspects. This is administered primarily as part of resettlement and rehabilitation effort. Gender Equality. SPV-A. which had been impacted due to establishment of the project. Ash Utilization Department (AUD). 54 . Safety. Afforestation. The environmental concerns include Environment Impact Assessment. Health. NTPC. Ash Utilisation. These are administered through specific policy framework and dedicated institutional set up like R&R cell. Decentralised Distributed Generation and supply of power. Environment Management Plans. Safety Department and respective sections of HR Department.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress NTPC has also adopted the Social Code framed by India Partnership Forum promoted by Confederation of Indian Industries (CII) and UNDP. Energy Conservation and adoption of international standards like ISO-14000. as responsible corporate citizen has been addressing the issue of community development in the neighbourhood area of its stations. These are administered through specific policy frameworks and dedicated institutional set up like Environment Engineering Group (EEG). Rain water harvesting. Education. NTPC has now expanded it horizon and social vision to make its impact felt at national level by addressing the following niche domains of socio-economic issues at national level through establishing NTPC Foundation. and special focus on the marginalized section of society during recruitment etc. Non-conventional Energy Sources Group etc. Adoption of International Standards like OHSAS-18000. Environmental Management Group (EMG). NTPC’s approach towards Community Development Most of NTPC stations are located in remote rural areas which are socio-economically backward and deficient in the basic civic amenities. CENPEEP.
through establishing a development centre for physically challenged persons as national resource and development centre • • • • To organise conservation of the national monuments and cultural heritage sites on selective basis To provide relief and assistance during national calamities etc To facilitate unemployed people in and around the new projects/ old stations in selfemployment through co-operatives / self-help groups Any other program/ activity as deemed appropriate by the Foundation. NTPC also recognizes the need for conserving national monuments and cultural heritage sites and providing relief in case of national calamities. the opportunities will depend on the entrepreneur skills and attitude of the individuals. This is more applicable to the section of disabled persons. formulating the project proposal and establishing the feasibility of DDGS on the specific request of an entrepreneur. Further. The decentralized distributed generation and supply (DDGS) of power could be a plausible solution though it involves initial risk while formulating the project proposal. particularly in the remote and far-flung places where the power is either not available or is in acute shortage. Hence development of entrepreneurship among disabled persons is key issue for promoting economic self-reliance.reliance of physically challenged persons. Thus. the job opportunities are getting restricted. additional resources and support will be needed to fructify the entrepreneurship of this marginalized section of society.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress • • To promote DDGS through covering the initial risks like cost of feasibility studies for the entrepreneur/ local communities To facilitate economic self. NTPC has the wherewithal of providing requisite technical support. Yet additional resources will be required to provide risk cover during the formulation of project proposal and establishing feasibility NTPC recognizes that in the changing environment of liberalisation and globalization. NTPC also recognizes that generation of power is key to development. in future. 55 .
approach may focus on collaboration and partnership rather than just funding the programme. where the same has been closed under R&R policy. This will include any other program based on the need and requirement as deemed appropriate by the new project/ operating stations. Where other agencies / organizations are involved.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress The programme of facilitating the unemployed people in and around the new projects / old operating stations. in self-employment through co-operatives / self-help groups may be considered under the national programme. Similar programme may also be included in unit level community development programme. The programme may include provisions for the enabling mechanism such as backward linkage like tying up the input resources and forward linkage like marketing etc. Community development at unit level / operating stations NTPC also recognizes that it has social responsibility to continue the community and peripheral development works in the neighbourhood area of its operating stations. It should be ensured that the efforts of government were not duplicated and sustainability was maintained. The approach would be towards filling the gaps in the existing governmental programmes and the local needs. 56 . The approach of NTPC towards CSR-CD both at national and unit level may be oriented towards commitment and full involvement on planning and implementation. providing relief during national calamities and any other program as deemed appropriate by the Foundation. covering initial risk at the feasibility study stage for the decentralized distributed generation of power. supporting conservation of national monuments and cultural heritage sites. NTPC proposes to fill this gap through its community development policy at national level by addressing the issue of promoting economic self reliance among the physically challenged persons.
NTPC will establish a foundation under Indian Trust Act 1882 for addressing the niche domains of social development at national level through strategic interventions. The NTPC 57 .Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress The annual plan of action would be formulated after appropriate consultation with the local government officials of the State.
• • To promote DDGS through covering the initial risks like cost of feasibility studies for the entrepreneur/ local communities To facilitate economic self. through establishing a development centre for physically challenged persons as national resource and development centre • • • • To organise conservation of the national monuments and cultural heritage sites on selective basis To provide relief and assistance during national calamities etc To facilitate unemployed people in and around the new projects/ old stations in selfemployment through co-operatives / self-help groups Any other program/ activity related to social upliftment as deemed appropriate by he Foundation. 58 . The foundation will consider the risk mitigation by bearing the cost of such feasibility studies where the project is found unviable. The foundation will also extend the NTPC’s technical expertise in the field and provide the interface with NTPC – REC joint venture for collaboration and establishing DDGS as per the need and requirement. The foundation will promote the plantation and forestry programmes for producing biomass required for DDGS programme. receive funds from national and international agencies etc.reliance of physically challenged persons. The following niche domains of socio-economic development will be covered by the NTPC foundation. The Foundation will be the nodal agency for implementing the national level programmes as per the CSR-CD policy of NTPC. create partnership with various stakeholders. Aims and objectives of NTPC Foundation To facilitate the entrepreneurs/ communities in formulating the project proposals and establishing the feasibility for promoting the decentralized distributed generation and supply of power (DDGS) for meeting the power and development requirement of remote and far flung places.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Foundation will provide greater focus on identified issues of concern.
Providing requisite support from initial phase of identification of livelihood opportunity till achieving the level of self sustenance. Conducting advocacy and awareness programs for identification of appropriate economic and employment opportunities Identifying and administering the need based vocational/ managerial training programs with clear linkage to livelihood opportunity. 6. 3. in case the project is found un-viable. the foundation will establish an a development centre for physically challenged persons as national resource and development centre for enhancing the economic opportunities through strategic interventions such as 1. Extending cover for initial risks like conducting the feasibility studies. The programme may include provisions for the enabling mechanism such as backward linkage like tying up the input resources and forward linkage like marketing etc. Facilitating micro-financing and/or venture/seed capital for project of economic self reliance and mentoring. in self-employment through co-operatives / self-help groups. 59 . For this. To provide appropriate assistance and send volunteers and resources for relief and restoration in the times of national calamities. market research etc.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress To facilitate the disabled persons in improving the economic and employment opportunities. 5. 2. 4. To facilitate the unemployed people in and around the new projects / old operating stations. Giving preference to small and medium projects covering a group of persons To organise conservation of national monuments and cultural heritage sites on selective basis. To take up or support any other social upliftment programme (in addition to the programmes stated above) at national level as deemed appropriate..
who will report to the Board of the Trustees. The centre will be headed by a project director. To organize workshops/ conferences/ symposia on the above areas and the related areas. The Development Centre will address the following four categories of disability. Development Centre for physically challenged persons: The Development Centre for physically challenged persons will be a separate entity under the Foundation. regulatory bodies and responding to issues initiated by them. • • Visually challenged persons Deaf and dumb persons Chairman of Board of Trustee Trustee Trustee Trustee Secretary to the Trust Or Director General 60 . awareness campaigns and community outreach programmes in the above areas. Institutional set up NTPC Foundation: The NTPC Foundation will be governed by The Board of Trustees. details of which are given below: CMD Dir (HR) Dir (Fin) Independent Director Professional with required experience and/ or with right aptitude and full commitment on an honorary basis Staffing for day to day operations: The professionals may be engaged on fixed term contract basis as program officers based on the need and requirement or volunteers from present and past NTPC employees may be deputed. To interact with policy makers.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress To develop and undertake advocacy. To interact collaborate and promote partnership with other related national and international agencies/ organization and seek funds/ grants for specific programmes/ projects.
documentation centre. which will submit quarterly report to NTPC management for its information. The effectiveness of CD programme will be evaluated through external agencies for providing required feed back and inputs to formulate and improve the programmes in future. placement services. Monitoring and Evaluation: The monitoring of CD programme will be done by Foundation. Reporting: The NTPC Foundation will prepare its annual report. Implementation Mechanism Planning & Co-ordination: The NTPC Foundation will be responsible for the overall planning and coordination of CD programmes at national level. The corporate CSR Group will review the work of Foundation and put up an exception report for appraising the management on quarterly basis. The details will be presented to NTPC Management on regular basis. The Corporate CSR Group will coordinate with the NTPC Foundation for all related activities. market research etc. vocational training. 61 . The foundation will submit a quarterly progress report to the CSR group for apprising the management. The Development Centre will also consider establishing sub-centres at regional / local level.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress • • Physically challenged persons Mentally challenged persons with mild intensity The Development Centre will be located in its own building where. it will develop and maintain basic infrastructure facilities for providing supports like counselling.
The website will include the policy and the details of CD programmes undertaken etc.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress The summary of the report will also be posted on the NTPC website under a dedicated section on CSR. This part of policy addresses the issue of 'Community Development' in the neighbourhood area of operating stations where the same have been completed and closed as per the R&R 62 .
Education. or for enabling people to start IGS. Programmes covered under unit level CSR-CD Since. the community development programmes have to be identified and formulated based on the specific needs and requirement of the particular site. disabled persons and aged persons. Aims and Objectives To undertake community development in the neighbourhood area of operating stations with particular focus on women. The operating stations include the take over stations. ITI training. children. Supply of Study material like bags. The suggestive list of the programmes which could be considered by the operating stations while formulating the annual plans is given below. Education: To organise Skill Development / Vocational Training and other training programmes to improve the skills and employability of the people. Scholarships for the selected local children for studying in schools in NTPC township equivalent to fees charged by schools. computer training etc. To explore and work in various domains of community development such as Health. To create appropriate partnership with the concerned stakeholders for the effective delivery of community development programmes through consultation and participation. books. Preference may be given to girl child. 63 . NTPC’s operating stations are located all over India under varying socio-economic condition. The policy will also be applicable to NTPC managed stations for which the funds will be provided under the station expenses. peripheral development etc. stationary etc. Drinking Water.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress policy of NTPC. It will include sponsoring people for vocational training.
To organize regular immunization programme for children and medical checkup in schools. disabled persons and old age persons. 64 . Each station will compulsorily identify a specific day/ week for organising annual rural sports meet.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Implementation of Quality Circle and 5S in schools. with particular focus on women. To facilitate the creation / upgradation of community health / educational facilities in partnership with the concerned government agencies and the local community. identification of health concern. as per the need and requirement of local administration based on the need assessment survey to be carried out by the NTPC. in the villages by providing the equipments and other facilities. To organise regular health camps like family planning. Priority may be given to those schools / primary health centre which are operating but do not have facilities like building. community centre. water drains. awareness campaigns. Peripheral Development: To augment basic infrastructure facilities like area electrification. medical checkup for eye and heart etc. The programmes for providing community infrastructure will be on the basis of bearing one time capital cost for creating such infrastructure and on the basis of written assurance that the operational and maintenance cost of such infrastructure will be borne by the concerned stakeholder like the Government Department / Agency or the Panchayat/ local authority or the community based organizations/ non governmental organizations etc. Health: To conduct health surveys. publicity printed material / films etc. panchayats. villages. roads etc. panchayat ghar. children. equipments etc. Others: To promote rural sports and organise annual sports meet etc.
The region will also form an advisory committee for considering the unit level CSR – CD programmes and may include the representatives of concerned State Government. The Head of HR will be over all responsible at Stations. To organize Veterinary camp for the cattle stock. Volunteering by NTPC Employees & their family members: The volunteering by NTPC employees will be promoted through the NGOs created by NTPC employees at stations.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Sponsoring deserving local sportsman for training and development at national sports institutes. Institutional set up Corporate Centre: The Corporate CSR Group will be responsible for policy matters. Operating Stations: The CSR-CD policy will be implemented through dedicated CSR Cell under the HR Department. The programme may include provisions for the enabling mechanism such as backward linkage like tying up the input resources and forward linkage like marketing etc. In addition. any other programme will be considered under this policy as deemed appropriate by the Head of the Station. The Corporate CSR Group will also be responsible for designing the training programmes for CSR-CD staff. To promote community plantation and forestry programmes. organising annual CSR-CD meet and facilitating the processing of allocation of funds to stations. To facilitate the unemployed people in and around the new projects / old operating stations. and compilation of information and annual reports. Regional headquarters: A nodal officer from HR Department will coordinate and monitor the CD activities at stations under region and will compile the quarterly and annual CD report for submission to Corporate CSR Department. in self-employment through co-operatives / self-help groups. 65 .
local community and NTPC will be formed for consultation while formulating annual plans. The Village Development Advisory Committee (VDAC) comprising of representatives from the district administration. NGOs. which will change from time to time and location to location. Preference will be given to those activities. NTPC employees will also be encouraged to mentor the needy local population. The views of VDAC will be considered subject to provisions of NTPC policy and availability of budget. Implementation Mechanism Planning & Co-ordination: The specific programmes will be identified based on the need of communities. The annual plan will be prepared based on the findings of need assessment surveys. time frame of implementation and budget. Panchayat / Nagar Nigam. local authorities. be formulated based on Need Assessment Surveys (NAS) for identifying the specific areas of concern. therefore.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress which will be partner in planning and implementation of the identified CD programmes. a detailed programme report will be prepared detailing the need for a CD programme. The head of HR at operating stations will be responsible for over all planning and coordination. The HR Department at Stations will prepare annual plan for each year. The CD Programme will. Consultation and participation of stakeholders: The targeted communities and the local authorities will be closely involved in the process of planning and implementation of the CD programmes to the extent possible and subject to meeting the NTPC's rules and procedures. for which the State Government/ Local Administration/ Panchayat provides matching budget/ grant. Monitoring and Evaluation: 66 . The findings of the need assessment survey and the draft of the annual plan will be discussed in the VDAC. volunteer with the NTPC Foundation and participate in the relief work in cases of national calamities. Based on the survey.
Reporting: Each station will prepare an annual report of community development activities delineating the activities identified. At corporate level. benefits accrued to neighbouring communities and the number of people benefited. The summary of the report will be published in print and also posted on the NTPC website under a separate dedicated section on CSR.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress The Head of HR at operating stations will review the CD programme on monthly basis. 67 . The regional HQ will compile and prepare an annual report of the CD activities carried out in the operating stations of that region. The website will include the policy. the outcome of the meeting of regional Head of HR will be deliberated for suggesting suitable policy interventions. At regional level. The Dir (HR) will review the progress on half yearly basis. The Corporate CSR Department will compile and prepare an annual report for the Corporation. The regional ED will review the progress of Stations in that region on six monthly basis in RMC. the implementation of CD programme will be regularly reviewed in the regional head of HR meeting for identification of need for specific interventions. The effectiveness of CD programme will be evaluated through external agencies for providing required feed back and inputs to formulate and improve the programmes in future. The details will be presented to the NTPC management regularly. The Head of stations will review progress on quarterly basis in the SMC. the details of CD programmes undertaken and other details.
Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress An amount of up to Rs. 17 crores will be earmarked every year for implementation of CSRCD programs as per this policy. 68 .
In Cr. Since business organisations are of different sizes there is no one-size-fits-all method for implementing a CSR approach: each firm has unique characteristics and circumstances that 69 .7 17 S. The broad allocation will likely be as follows: %age of funds 50-60 30-40 10 100 Net Value (Rs. stations. 1 2 3 Allocation Operating Station NTPC Foundation Unallocated (for foundation.80 1. will be decided on year to year basis.10-6.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress The allocation of funds may vary depending on the need and requirement of NTPC operating stations. National calamities etc.20 5. NTPC foundation and provision for the national calamity in the respective year and therefore.No.) Total Allocation of funds for the operating stations will be based on the proposals submitted by these stations and the overall allocation of funds.) 8.50-10.
and in turn for those who are affected by the firm’s activities. resettlement and rehabilitation activities. This would help the organisation to integrate economic. Implementation Framework When? (Conceptual phase) Plan What? (Task delineation) 1. do.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress affects how it views its social responsibilities and also its awareness of CSR issues and how much work it has already done towards implementing a CSR approach. processes and 70 . etc. social and environmental decision-making through out the firm. This framework follows the familiar “plan. Besides undertaking various measures to protect and improve the ecology around it operating stations and at national level. check and improve” in the areas of quality and environment management. NTPC also undertakes various other CSR activities such as community development. Likewise NTPC also has its unique characteristics and circumstances that affect its CSR approach and implementation. we would like to suggest the following implementation framework (see next page). Though NTPC is a highly socially responsible organisation performing various CSR activities in a systematic manner. This will help the enterprise to reap optimal benefits for itself and its shareholders. Being a thermal power generation company NTPC’s main concern is to minimising the adverse impacts of its operations on the environment.Conduct a CSR assessment • • • How? (Checkpoints on the journey) Assemble a CSR leadership team Develop a working definition of CSR Review corporate documents.
Develop a CSR strategy • Do 3. Verify and report on progress Improve 6. And therefore NTPC has been showing a positive commitment towards corporate social responsibility and demonstrating a socially responsible behaviour by 71 . Develop CSR commitments • • • • • • • • 4. approach and focus areas Do a scan of CSR commitments Hold discussions with major stakeholders Create a working group to develop the commitments Prepare a preliminary draft Consult with affected stakeholders Develop an integrated CSR decision-making structure Prepare and implement a CSR business plan Set measurable targets and identify performance measures Engage employees and others to whom CSR commitments apply Design and conduct CSR training Establish mechanisms for addressing problematic behaviour Create internal and external communications plans Measure and verify performance Engage stakeholders Report on performance Evaluate performance Identify opportunities for improvement Engage stakeholders 2.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress activities • • • • • Identify and engage key stakeholders Build support with senior management and employees Research what others are doing prepare a matrix of proposed CSR actions Develop ideas for proceeding and the business case for them Decide on direction. Implement CSR commitments • • • • • • • Check 5. Evaluate and improve • • • Cross-check: One cycle completed Return to plan and start the next cycle The research has revealed that social responsibility is regarded as an important issue within the NTPC organisation.
karmayog.com www.co.ntpc. Thus.in www. we conclude that NTPC consider CSR to be an important and imperative activity ethically. commitment towards improving the quality of life of the local community as well as the society at large. An activity that enables the organisation to “give something back to the community”. socially and commercially. • • • • www. etc. through activities like community development.internal as well as external to the organisation. legally.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress being engaged in a variety of socially responsible actions and doing this irrespective of any benefits that such action might bring to the organisation. resettlement and rehabilitation.in www. While the external activities include protecting and improving the ecology. Our analysis and findings about NTPC reveal that the organisation has been engaged in a variety of socially responsible activities . The internal activities include NTPC’s commitment towards improving the quality of life of its workforce and their families.google.csmworld.com 72 .co.
What is CSR? Why is CSR important? 73 .Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress • www.com 1. 2.businessworld.
supports which institutions and bodies in which states? What is the Distributed Generation prospective of NTPC? 74 .Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress 3. the issue of Project Affected Persons (PAPs)? What is the rehabilitation and resettlement project of N. 10. As we all know that corporate social responsibility for on organization is not only for its customers and the masses but also for its employees then in that area what are the necessary measures taken by N. What are the other measures taken by NTPC for its employees? What is NTPC’s Project Affected Persons (PAPs )project? Can you elaborate on your CSR project i. 9. 7.C.C. 6.? 4. 8.P. 5.C all about? What is the remedial action plan for the various projects? N.P.T.e.P.T.T.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.