Doctrines Bible Study

Teacher Version
A Study Guide to lead young believers through the Doctrines of the Faith, particularly as understood at taught by Maranatha Baptist Church. Maranatha Baptist Church 2011

Part 1: Revelation
• Where does John 16:13 say Truth comes from? The guiding of the Holy Spirit; Truth comes from God. ___________________ According to Psalm 31:5 and Isaiah 65:16, Who is God in relation to Truth? God is the God of Truth; He defines Truth. Apart from God there is no Truth. _______________________ What does Psalm 117:2 tell us about how long God’s Truth lasts? God’s Truth will last forever________________________ ____________________________________________________ How does John 14:6 describe Christ in relation to Truth? Jesus says He is the Truth. ___________________________________

Truth comes from the mind of God. God gave us Truth through revelation. He revealed knowledge which mankind could not possibly have known otherwise through General and Special Revelation.

A. General Revelation
• What does Psalm 19 say about nature? What does nature declare? Nature is a declaration of God’s glory. Nature declares the glory of God. Every part of it draws attention to God. ____________________________________________ What does Isaiah 40:25-26 tell us about God’s work? There is nothing like God; His is in control of everything._________ What witnesses does Paul say God gave us in Acts 14:17? God gave us rain and seasons to witness of Him._________


According to Acts 17:26-28, why did God determine the rise and fall of nations? He determined the rise and fall of nations so that they would seek after Him.______________ Why does Paul say men are without excuse in Romans 1:18-20? God’s nature and attributes are manifested in Creation, clearly evident. Because of this, no one is without excuse. What does Paul say is written on every man’s heart in Romans 2:15? What do we call this part of man? God’s law is written on every man’s heart. We call this the conscience. _________________________________________________

Extracurricular study: Job 25:3; Psalm 97:6; 145:9; Isaiah 26:10; Matthew 5:45; Luke 6:35.

General Revelation
General revelation is that conveying of truth through nature wherein we see the existence of God, His Eternal Power and Glory. General Revelation is addressed to man and is “discoverable” by man in his natural capacities. General revelation is sufficient to render the lost inexcusable for their sin.


B. Special Revelation
• How has God uniquely revealed Himself to man according to Hebrews 1:1-2? God revealed himself through various ways to the Israelite Fathers, and then through His Son._____________________________________________

Special Revelation
Special Revelation was accomplished through many ways over the past period of time, and includes the entire canon of Scripture, the Bible. Special Revelation is a direct communication from God. 1. Inspiration
• How does Paul say Scripture was given, in 2 Timothy 3:16? Scripture was given by inspiration of God.______________________________________

qeopneustoV: God-breathed______________________ • In 2 Peter 1:19-21, who does Peter say moved men of God to write the Scriptures? The Holy Spirit moved men.________________________________

The Old and New Testaments in their original autographs are the complete, inspired, infallible, inerrant Word of God. The Scriptures are inspired verbally (each individual word) and plenarily (all Scripture in total). The Scriptures are Godbreathed as the Holy Spirit moved godly men who accurately recorded the message.

2. Hermeneutics
• In Nehemiah 8:8, how did Ezra and the priests help the people of Israel understand the Scriptures? They read the book of the Law clearly or distinctly, and then gave the sense or understanding of what had been read.___________ How did Jesus interpret the Old Testament law in Luke 10:25-37? He interpreted the OT Law literally. What the Law said, Jesus took it to mean precisely._ __________________________________________ What guideline for interpretation does Peter give us in 2 Peter 1:20? No prophecy or writing in Scripture is open to private interpretation. We must interpret in light of Scripture, not make up what we think sounds good. __________________________

The proper interpretation of Scripture is the natural, literal sense, giving careful attention to the grammatical, historical, and contextual parameters at the time of the writing. Scripture is to be interpreted literally with words and texts being taken in their ordinary, normal, or plain meaning unless there is some reason in the context to dictate otherwise.


3. Finality and Eternity
• According to Psalm 119:89, where is the Word of the Lord settled? What does this mean about who made the canon of Scripture? Who decides what is in the Bible and what isn’t? _The Word of the Lord is settled in heaven. This means that God decided what was going to be in the canon of Scripture, not man. Man validated or confirmed certain books to be authoritative, but God authorized and commissioned the canon of Scripture.___________ What does Jesus say about how long God’s Word will endure in Matthew 24:35? _Jesus says God’s Word will endure forever._____________________ In 1 Peter 1:23, how long does Peter say God’s Word will last? Peter says God’s Word will abide forever.____________________________________ What kind of warning does John give to those who add to or take away from God’s Word in Revelation 22:18-19? God promises judgment, tribulation, and ultimate damnation.___________ __________________________________________

Finality and Eternity
The canon of Scripture is complete in its current state of 66 books. It is unbiblical for anything to be added to or taken away from the Bible we now have. Scripture is also eternal and everlasting. God has preserved His Word through the existing manuscripts and translations to the extent that they are consistent with the original documents.

4. Authority
• In Mark 7:7-8 Jesus condemns the Pharisees for holding what as authoritative? What does He say they should they have held as authoritative? They held the teachings of men as authoritative, rejecting the teachings of God, which should have been authoritative. ______________________________ Paul says that God uniquely gifted who in order to teach the Scriptures in Ephesians 4:11-16? Apostles, Prophets, and Pastor/Teachers.______ __________________________________________ What does Paul tell Timothy is the purpose of God’s giving Scripture in 2 Timothy 3:16-17? _God gave us Scripture for teaching, for reproving, for correcting, and for instructing in righteousness, so that Christians would grow to be mature._________

Scriptures are the final and only source for doctrine, spiritual maturity, and practical living. They provide all knowledge required about life and godliness. Doctrine based on the Word of God unifies the local church and is the supreme standard by which all conduct, creeds, and opinions shall be judged.


Part 2: Theology Proper
A. The Trinity
• According to Deuteronomy 6:4 and Isaiah 45:5-6, how many gods are there? __There is One God______________ According to the following verses, how many Persons does God have? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. • Genesis 1:26 - __More than one________ Genesis 3:22 - __More than one________ Isaiah 6:8 - __More than one___________ Isaiah 48:16 - At least two, maybe three_ Matthew 3:16-17 - _Three_____________ Matthew 28:19-20 - _Three___________ 2 Corinthians 13:14 - _Three___________ Hebrews 2:3-4 - _Three_______________

The Three persons of the Trinity exist as a unity coequal in essence, but distinct in function. God’s attributes are Moral and non-moral. Look up the following verses and identify the attribute of God being described. Then decide if it is moral or non-moral. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Psalm 139:1-4 – (Omniscience; non-moral)__________ Psalm 139: 7-12 – (Omnipresence; non-moral)_______ Job 42:2; Jeremiah 32:17 – (Omnipotence; non-moral)_ Hebrews 1:12; 13:8; James 1:17; Mal. 3:6 – ___________ (Immutability; non-moral)________________________ Psalm 30:4; 47:8; 60:6; 89:35 – (Holiness; moral) _____ Psalm 89:14; Romans 3:26 – (Righteousness and justice; moral)________________________________________ 1 John 4:8, 16 – (Love; moral)_____________________ 1 Peter 1:3 – (Mercy and lovingkindness; moral)______


9. 1 Thessalonians 5:24; I Corinthians 1:9 – (Faithfulness; moral)_____________

B. God, The Father
• What does Genesis 1:1 show about the nature of God? He has always existed. He existed before time.______________ What does John 5:30 tell us about the authority of God the Father? _The Father has authority over the Son.________ _________________________________________________ Who is the Origin of all things according to 1 Corinthians 8:6? __All things are “of” the Father, originating in Him.__ _________________________________________________ Why were all things created according to Revelation 4:11? _For God’s pleasure.________________________________

God, The Father
God is supreme in His Person, eternal in His Being, absolute in His Attributes, and glorious in His Perfection. He is the Father of all mankind in the sense that he is the Creator, but the Spiritual Father of those who personally receive Christ as their Savior. The Father is the administrative head of the Trinity and as such the Son and the Holy Spirit (although equal in essence) have a subordinate role to the Father.


C. God, The Son
• When does John 1:1 say God the Son began to exist? ____ _The Son existed already “in the beginning.”” He did not ever “begin” to exist.________________________________ What was unique about Christ’s birth according to Matthew 1:18-23? __Mary was conceived by the Holy Spirit. Jesus had no earthly father.__________________________ _________________________________________________ Read Hebrews 4:15 and 1 Peter 2:22. Did Jesus ever sin? __ _Jesus was tempted, but He never sinned._______________ According to the following verses, what was the purpose of Christ’s sacrificial death? 2 Corinthians 5:19; Hebrews 2:9, 14; 1 Peter 3:18; 1 John 2:2. __To pay for our sins in order to reconcile us or restore our relationship with the Father.___________________________________________ _________________________________________________ What miracle does Acts 10:40 say God performed after Jesus’ sacrifice? __God raised Jesus from the dead.______ _________________________________________________ How does Acts 1:9-11 record the end of Jesus’ earthly ministry? _He was taken to heaven on a cloud.__________ _________________________________________________ Hebrews 8:6, 9:15, and 12:24 tell us what Christ is currently doing in heaven. What is it? __He is mediating on our behalf before the Father._________________________ _________________________________________________ What role do Ephesians 1:22 and 5:23 say Christ has in the Church? _Christ is the head of the Church.______________ _________________________________________________


Paul teaches in 1 Corinthians 15:51-52 and 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18 what will happen for Christians next in History. What does he describe? __Paul describes the church being “snatched away,” or Raptured._______________________ _________________________________________________ John describes a magnificent scene in Revelation 19:11-16. What does he describe, and when will it happen? _Christ comes back with the Church to judge the World and set up His Kingdom. This happens before the Millennium, at the end of the Rapture._________________________________

God, The Son
Jesus Christ is the second person of the Trinity. He possesses all the same attributes as the Father. The Lord Jesus Christ, the eternal Son of God, was conceived by the Holy Spirit, and born of the Virgin Mary. He is entirely God and entirely man being God manifest in the flesh. He lived a sinless life and in His death made a full and vicarious sacrifice for the sins of the whole world. He arose from the dead on the third day, and subsequently ascended bodily into heaven. The current work of Christ is one of mediation between God and man, and headship of the universal church. He is coming again to rapture the Church age saints and this rapture is imminent, pre-tribulational, and premillennial. He will after the Tribulation Period return to this earth to set up His millennial kingdom.


D. God, The Holy Spirit
• Jesus teaches in John 14:16-17 that there was a difference between the ministry of the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament and the New Testament? What is that difference? What does it mean? _Jesus said the Holy Spirit had been “with” them, but now He would be “in” them. The Holy Spirit was now going to indwell believers._________________________________________ _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ Jesus also teaches in John 16:7-11 that the Holy Spirit has a specific role in the world. What is this role? _To convict of sin, righteousness, and judgment._____________________ _________________________________________________ What does Acts 5:3-4 teach us about who the Holy Spirit is? _The Holy Spirit is God.___________________________ What does Paul say is the difference between the saved and unsaved in 1 Corinthians 2:9-14? _God reveals His Truth in Scripture through the Holy Spirit to those who are saved, but those who are not saved cannot understand the Scriptures.________________________________________ _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ What does Paul say the Holy Spirit has given everyone who is saved in 1 Corinthians 12:8-13, 28-31? _The Holy Spirit has given all saved people certain gifts.__________ _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________


God, The Holy Spirit
The Holy Spirit is a Divine Person possessing all divine attributes of personality and deity. He is equal with the Father and the Son and is of the same essence. His relation to the unbelieving world is that He convicts lost men of sin, the reality of Christ’s righteousness, and certainty of judgment. His work among Church Age believers is that He indwells, baptizes, seals, fills, gifts, guides, and teaches them the ways of righteousness. There is a distinction between the ministry of the Holy Spirit in the OT and His ministry in the NT. The work of the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament was selective, sovereign, and temporary. There is a new and unique work of the Holy Spirit in relation to the Body of Christ; that is, the baptism of the Holy Spirit endows believers with the service gifts upon conversion. The Bible does not support the authenticity of the sign gifts of prophecy, speaking in tongues, interpretations of tongues, miracles, and healing for today. The Bible repudiates experience-oriented theology and the ecumenically-oriented practice of the Charismatic movement.
The Holy Spirit has a special role in the lives of Christians. There are a number of distinct roles He plays in the lives of believers.

1. Indwelling
• What does Paul say the Holy Spirit does for Believers in Romans 8:9? _The Holy Spirit indwells believers___________________________________ __________________________________________


How does 1 Corinthians 6:19 help you understand this teaching? _The Christian is the temple of the Holy Spirit, and as such, the Holy Spirit lives inside the Christian._______________________________

The unique and distinctive ministry of the Holy Spirit during the Church Age is the perpetual indwelling of each believer. The believer thus becomes the temple of the Holy Spirit.

2. Baptizing
• Who precisely does Paul say has been baptized by the Holy Spirit in 1 Corinthians 12:13? Does he give us any clues as to when this baptism happened? Every Christian has been baptized by the Holy Spirit. Since baptism is true for every Christian, the point of salvation is indicated as the precise time. How many baptisms does Paul teach there are in Ephesians 4:5? _One_____________________

The act simultaneous with regeneration in which the Holy Spirit baptizes the believer into the Church, the body of Christ. There is one baptism for each believer at the moment of salvation.

3. Sealing
• Paul tells us in Ephesians 1:13 and 4:30 that we are sealed. With whom or what are we sealed? What does this mean? We were sealed with the Holy Spirit. This means we are secure in God__________ Paul again tells us about our sealing in 2 Corinthians 1:22. Who does Paul say seals us? With whom or what does he say we are sealed? __ __Paul here says we are sealed by God with the Holy Spirit._________________________________ __________________________________________

The act of the Holy Spirit in which He seals each believer in the condition of Salvation until the day of redemption is the sealing ministry of the Holy Spirit. 4. Filling
• Paul gives us a command in Ephesians 5:18. What is that command? What does it imply that this is commanded, and not stated simply as fact? We are told to be filled with the Spirit. Since it is commanded, we understand that filling is not automatic, but the result of something on our part. Paul uses similar words in Colossians 3:16 to describe how we are filled with the Holy Spirit. What does he say? How is this command related to the previous verse we looked at? _Paul tells us to let the Words of Christ dwell in us richly. The


context is identical to the context of Ephesians 5, so we know that this is Paul telling us how to be filled with the Spirit._________________________

This is the day to day, moment to moment control of the believer by the Holy Spirit whenever the believer is yielded into His hands. While there is one baptism of the Holy Spirit, there are many fillings of the Holy Spirit.


Part 3: Angelology
• What does Psalm 148:5 tell us about the origin of angels? They were created when God created the heavens, sun, and moon.

Angels were created by God for the blessing of God’s work and glory. Included in that creative work was Satan (Lucifer), the holy angels (those now confirmed in holiness), and the fallen angels (demons).

A. Holy Angels
• What does Psalm 103:20-21 tell us about what angels do? Angels obey God’s commands, listening to what God says._____________________________________________ _________________________________________________ What does the author of Hebrews tell us angels do in Hebrews 1:14? _Angels minister to those who are saved.___________________________________________

Holy Angels
Holy angels are spirit beings who serve God and assist believers and are now confirmed in their holiness. They stand before God and worship Him. They deliver messages on His behalf and they minister to believers in a number of ways, including physical protection.


B. Demons
• What resources does Paul say we have been given to fight demonic activity in Ephesians 6:11-12? _Paul tells us we have been given the armor of God. Have the student explain the armor of God, its elements, and those elements’ purposes.________________________________ What does 1 John 4:4 teach us about the power and strength of demonic forces? __It is not stronger than God’s strength. The force in us of God is stronger than the forces of evil against us._____________________________________ How many angels does John say fell with Satan in Revelation 12:4? __A third of the angels________________ What does Jesus teach is the end for demons in Matthew 25:41? What was this teach us about the reason Hell was made? _The end of Satan is hell, which was made for Satan and his angels. This tells us God did not make hell for mankind. Mankind will only end up there because he rejects God._____________________________________________

Demons are spirits who are working agents under the direction of Satan, and they are many. They were expelled from Heaven along with Lucifer at the rebellion. They are evil and destructive and are able to possess and control unsaved individuals. Their goal is to undermine God’s divine purposes, and even though they cannot indwell a believer, they strive to disrupt the believer’s spiritual walk.


C. Satan
• Isaiah 14:12-15 and Ezekiel 28:11-19 give us a glimpse into the fall of Satan. Can you describe what happened, and why he rebelled against God? Satan was puffed up with pride against God, thinking he was as great as God is. God punished Satan’s pride by casting him out of heaven ____ .________________________________________________ How does Paul describe the working of Satan in the world right now in 2 Corinthians 4:4? _Satan is blinding the hearts of the lost, preventing them from understanding the Gospel.___________________________________________ What does Ephesians 2:2 say about how we once behaved in relation to Satan? _Once we walked in obedience to Satan and his will. His will is disobedience, and we walked in disobedience when we were in rebellion against God. _____ What does God promise is the end for Satan in Revelation 20:10? _Eternal punishment in the lake of fire.___________

Satan is a spirit being who was expelled from heaven because of his pride and rebellion against God. He is the unholy god of this age and the ruler of the powers of darkness and is destined to the judgment of an eternal justice in the Lake of Fire.


Part 4: Doctrine of Creation
• Read Genesis chapters 1 and 2. Can you describe what God did on the individual days of creation? Day 1: _light and darkness, day, night__________________ Day 2: _ sky and sea _________________________________ Day 3: __ dry land, grass, plants, trees _________________ Day 4: _Sun, moon, stars, planets______________________ Day 5: _birds, fish, ocean life__________________________ Day 6: __land creatures, man_________________________ Day 7: __God rested__________________________________ • To whom does John attribute the work of Creation in John 1:3? _John attributes creation to the work of Christ._____________ ____________________________________________________ What does Paul say about the purpose of Creation in Colossians 1:16? Everything was created for Christ.__________ ____________________________________________________ How does Hebrews 1:2 say God the Father created the world? __He created the world through the Son___________________ ____________________________________________________


The Genesis account of creation is neither allegory nor myth but a literal, historical account of the direct, immediate creative acts of God. The origin of God’s creation was ex nihilo (out of nothing). Creation consisted of six twenty-four hour days in which everything was created. The seventh day was also a twenty-four hour day on which God rested from his labor. God’s creation was perfect, without sin or evil. Sin and evil entered the human race through the fall of Adam and Eve as accounted in Genesis 3. The earth is several thousand years old as opposed to billions. Theistic evolution, progressive creationism, and naturalistic evolution are perversions to the Biblical account of Creation.


Part 5: Anthropology
A. Creation of Man
• What does Genesis 1:26-27 say about the creation of man? ___Man is made in God’s image and likeness, and given unique authority over all other creation.________________ What does Paul say about the order of creation of man in 1 Timothy 2:13-14? __Adam was created first, and then Eve. Because of the order of creation, God has given man a unique role of authority and headship over the woman.____

Creation of man
Mankind was created by God, who created him in His own image. Man’s creation was direct, special, and immediate. Man was created in an innocent state of unconfirmed holiness.

B. First Created Man
• Who have we learned was the first created man? __Adam _________________________________________________ How does David describe the depth of his sinfulness in Psalm 51:5? _David claims that even before he was born, he was a sinner.______________________________________ _________________________________________________ How does Paul describe the sinfulness of man in Romans 3:23? _Paul says that we have all sinned._______________ _________________________________________________ How does Paul say man got to be this sinful in Romans 5:12-19? _We became sinners because of Adam’s sin.____


First Created Man
Adam is the father of all mankind in that he was the first created man. By voluntary transgression he fell from his state of innocence, in consequence of which all men are now sinners by nature and by choice, utterly devoid of the holiness required by God’s law, positively inclined to evil, and therefore under just condemnation to eternal punishment and everlasting existence separated from God without defense or excuse.

C. Ultimate Destiny of Man
• What did God promise was the result of rebelling against Him in the Garden in Genesis 3:17? _The ground was cursed, and it would only be through difficult labor that crops would grow.__________________________________ What does Isaiah compare our rebellion to in Isaiah 53:6? _Sheep going astray and choosing their own way.________ Jesus tells of two possible resurrections in the Last Day. What are they according to John 5:29? _The resurrection of life and the resurrection of damnation._________________ What does Paul promise will not happen to those who are in Christ in Romans 8:1? _They will not be condemned when they stand in judgment before Christ.__________________ _________________________________________________ What are the two possible ends for man described by Paul in 2 Thessalonians 1:7-8? _Rest in Christ or vengeance from Christ for disobedience to the Gospel.__________________


What is the end John describes for those who have not trusted in Christ according to Revelation 20:15? _Anyone who has not trusted in Christ will be cast into the Lake of Fire._____________________________________________ _________________________________________________

Ultimate Destiny
The ultimate destiny of man is two-fold. There will be a resurrection unto life and a resurrection unto judgment. The resurrection of life (this is a multi-faceted resurrection) is prepared for those who have accepted by grace through faith (Old Testament saints looking toward the cross; New Testament saints looking back at the cross), Jesus Christ’s payment on Calvary for their sins, and in return they now possess eternal and everlasting life. The second resurrection is the resurrection of damnation. This resurrection is reserved for those who have rejected Jesus Christ and in return they will be condemned to eternal and everlasting punishment and separation from God.


Part 6 – Hamartiology
• What does Genesis 3:6, 14-19 record? _It records man’s first sin, and the consequences for it.__________________________ ____________________________________________________ What does Proverbs 20:9 imply? _It implies that that no one can say that they are without sin._________________________ ____________________________________________________ What does Solomon say is true of men in Ecclesiastes 7:20? __ There is no one on earth who doesn’t sin. We are all sinners. ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ • Isaiah 14:12-14 records the very first sin. Who committed it? What was the sin? Who was that sin against? _Lucifer, God’s greatest created angel, was the first to sin. His sin was pride. His heart was lifted up against God.__________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ Ezekiel 18:20 teaches a very important principle about the consequence of sin. What is that principle? _We are all responsible before God for our own sin.___________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ How does Paul describe the extent of sin in Romans 3:23? _ Paul teaches that all have sinned. There are no exceptions.___ ____________________________________________________ In Romans 7:18-19 Paul deals on a very personal level with sin in his own life. What does Paul say about his heart? _He says that in his heart he wants do what is right, but he still finds his flesh pulling him to sin._________________________________


How does Paul describe the consequence for sin in Ephesians 2:1, 5? What does he say God did to us in relation to that consequence? _Paul says that we were dead in our sins, but we were made alive through being united in Christ.______________ ____________________________________________________ How does John define sin in 1 John 3:4? _John says sin is transgression of God’s law.______________________________

Sin entered God’s creation when Lucifer in his pride revolted against God. Sin entered the human world through Adam and Eve’s disobedience to God’s divine command in the Garden of Eden. Sin is anything that is lawless or anything that departs from God’s standard of holiness. All men are sinners and have been sinners since they were born, and in result deserve the judgment of God. The effects of sin are present both spiritually and physically. Spiritually, sin renders every person incapable of living a holy life or living a life that is separated to God. Physically, sin has brought a curse which produces discomfort, decay, and death.


Part 7: Soteriology
• What illustration from natural life does Jesus compare salvation to in John 3:3-6? _He compares it to birth._________ ____________________________________________________ What have those who believe in Jesus been justified from in Acts 13:39? _They have been justified from everything they could not be justified from by good works…that is, everything! ____________________________________________________ When you hear the gospel preached, what must be in your heart for the Gospel to be profitable, according to Hebrews 4:2? _There must be faith in your heart for the Gospel to be effective, or profitable._________________________________ Why does Paul say salvation is not of works in Ephesians 2:810? _So that no one can boast.__________________________ Paul says we have been saved not by works, but by what, in Titus 3:5? _God’s mercy________________________________ In 1 Timothy 2:5-6, what does Paul call Jesus? What does this mean? _Jesus is called the Mediator. This is someone who goes on behalf of someone else to God. We can’t stand before God on our own because of our sin, so Jesus is our Mediator, giving us good standing with God.________________________________ What does Peter say redeemed us in 1 Peter 1:18-23? _The precious blood of Christ._________________________________ What does Paul say about repentance in Romans 2:4? _It is the goodness of God that brings repentance. Repentance is a work of God, not man. ______________________________________ What is the difference between godly sorrow and worldly sorrow according to 2 Corinthians 7:9-10? _Godly sorrow brings repentance from sin, while worldly sorrow just brings death.___


How safe are the people who have trusted in Jesus, according to Jesus in John 10:28-29? _Christians are eternally safe. Christ protects them from perishing eternally, and He protects them from anyone snatching them away from Him. _______________ If terrible things happen to us, does that mean we have lost our salvation according to Romans 8:35-39? _Absolutely not.__ At what point will God give up working on us, according to Philippians 1:6? _God will never give up on us. He will keep working on us until we see Christ and are changed to His image. How do you keep from falling according to Jude 24-25? _It is God that keeps us from falling, not us._____________________

Salvation of sinners is Divinely initiated, wholly of grace, and accomplished only through the mediatory work of Jesus Christ, the Son of God. It is wholly apart from works of man, is given to us through the grace of God, and is accepted by faith in the Lord Jesus Christ. Genuine salvation is never without genuine repentance. We are regenerated by the power of the Holy Spirit through faith in God and thus become the recipients of a new nature. Justification is that judicial act of God accompanied by the pardon of sin and the imputation of divine righteousness, not because of any works of righteousness on our part, but solely through faith in the Redeemer’s blood. The believer who has exercised personal faith in the Lord Jesus Christ is completely justified and in possession of a salvation which is eternally secure. Any person claiming to be saved who willfully persists and delights in that which he knows to be sin has no Scriptural right to think of himself as genuinely saved.

A. Adoption
• How many sons does John 1:18 indicate God has? _God has One Son______________________________ How does Paul describe we get into God’s family in Romans 8:15-16? _This passage tells us we are adopted into God’s family._______________________________ _____________________________________________ How does Paul describe God’s family dynamic in Galatians 4:4-6? _God sent Jesus at just the right time in history, born of a virgin, so that those who trust in Him can be adopted into God’s family.______________

Adoption is the act of God, Who has only one begotten Son, by which He accepts each believer into His family as a son or daughter.

B. Salvation
• What happens before adoption according to John 1:12? _People receive Christ, placing their faith in Him, and then they receive the power or authority to become children of God, to be adopted into His family. ________ How does a person not perish, but instead have everlasting life according to John 3:16? _By believing in Christ.________________________________________ Who does Paul say is sovereignly in control of salvation in Ephesians 1:4-5? _God is the one who is sovereignly in control of salvation__________________


Does Paul teach that God only wants a few people to be saved in 1 Timothy 2:4? _No, God wants everyone to be saved.____________________________________ With what does Peter say we have been redeemed in 1 Peter 1:18-19? _We were redeemed with the precious blood of Christ._________________________________ Whose sins does 1 John 2:2 say Jesus was the propitiation for? What does propitiation mean? _Jesus was the propitiation for the sins of the whole world. Propitiation means appeasement of God, Whom we have offended, from wrath._______________________

Salvation is the act of God by which He rescues a sinner from the penalty of sin, and gives him an eternal inheritance in heaven. The act is based on the sacrifice of Jesus Christ on the cross of Calvary. The benefit of salvation is eternal life. We believe that Jesus Christ died for the salvation of all men and that it is God’s will that not any should perish. Furthermore, we believe that there are people in hell for whom Christ died.


C. Regeneration
• What does Jesus say must happen for someone to see the Kingdom of God in John 3:3? _A person must be born again.____________________________________ _____________________________________________ What does Jesus say the person who believes in Him has passed from in John 5:24? _He has passed from death into life, and from condemnation to everlasting life. __________________________________________ _____________________________________________ What does Paul say God has done for those who were dead in their sins in Ephesians 2:1? _He made those who were dead alive.____________________________ What does Peter teach the Word of God does in 1 Peter 1:23? _The Word of God rebirths, brings new life.__________________________________________ _____________________________________________

Regeneration is the act whereby God imparts life to the one who believes. It is the second birth.

D. Redemption
• What does 1 Corinthians 6:20 say about the reason why we are to glorify God? _Because we were bought by Christ, we ought to glorify God._________________ _____________________________________________ What did Christ do for us by being made a curse for us according to Galatians 3:13? _He redeemed us from the curse of the Law._______________________________


What reason does Paul give for Christ giving Himself for us in Titus 2:14? _That he might redeem us from sin and purify us to Himself._________________________ _____________________________________________ According to 1 Peter 1:18-19, could we have been redeemed with silver or gold? What did redeem us? _We could not have been redeemed with silver or gold because they are corruptible. They don’t last. We could only be redeemed by the blood of Christ._____________ What did the Lamb do which made Him worthy according to Revelation 5:9? _He was slain, and by the slaying He redeemed a people for himself from every nation.________________________________________

Redemption means to purchase, by means of a ransom price, out of the slave market of sin and set free. Three words are used in Scripture to characterize redemption. Agorazw means to buy back on the slave market of sin. Ekagorazw means to remove from the marketplace of sin. Lutrow expresses being set free by the payment of a ransom.


E. Faith
• What does Jesus teach makes the difference between someone who has everlasting life and someone who has the wrath of God on them in John 3:36? _Believing on the Son makes the difference between everlasting life and everlasting wrath.________________________ What does Paul say comes by hearing the Word of God in Romans 10:17? _Faith comes by hearing the Word of God.__________________________________ _____________________________________________ Paul says in Ephesians 2:8-9 that we have been saved by grace through what? Can you explain what this means? _We have been saved through faith. This means that faith is the channel, so-to-speak, or the means by which salvation is acquired. You cannot be saved without placing faith in Christ._______________ What does Hebrews 11:1, 6 teach us about what faith is? _Faith is placing trust in something which you cannot see nor is substantively verifiable. However,

Faith is a belief in which you trust entirely. Faith involves trusting in that which is unseen but factually known. Faith in God must be exercised by all who believe in Christ.
without this faith, it is impossible to please God._____


F. Repentance
• What kind of attitude does David display in Psalms 51:1-4? How does he feel about his sin? _He displays a humble, repentant attitude. He despises his sin._____ _____________________________________________ What terms does Solomon use to describe repentance in Proverbs 28:13? _Solomon describes it as confessing and forsaking sin._______________________________ _____________________________________________ What leads a person to repentance according to Romans 2:4? _The grace of God leads a person to repentance. ___________________________________ _____________________________________________ Paul describes two kinds of sorrow in 2 Corinthians 7:9-10. Which one is real repentance? _It was the godly sorrow which showed real repentance.______________ _____________________________________________ Who does Paul teach grants repentance in 2 Timothy 2:25? _God grants repentance.____________________ _____________________________________________

Repentance is the change of mind in the sinner by which he willfully turns from sin to God. Repentance involves the acknowledgement of sin, the sorrow for sin, and a turning away from sin.


G. Mercy
• Titus 3:5 says we have been saved not by our own works, but by what? _We have been saved by God’s mercy.________________________________________

The exercise of mercy is that activity of God in which He does not award to the repentant sinner what he or she rightly deserves, which is judgment, eternal separation from God.

H. Grace
• Through whose grace did people believe in Acts 18:27? It was through the grace of God that the people believed. ______________________________________ By what does Paul teach in Romans 3:24 we have been justified? _We have been justified freely by God’s grace. _____________________________________________ Romans 4:4 and 11:6 teach something very important about grace. What is it? _Grace is not earned by works; it is a gift with no charge associated.________________ _____________________________________________ How does Ephesians 2:8-9 teach we have been saved? _We have been saved by grace through faith________ _____________________________________________


To whom does Paul teach the grace of God has appeared, in Titus 2:11? What does this mean? _The grace of God has appeared to all men. This means that God has revealed Himself through General and Special Revelation to all men, in order to draw them to Himself.

Divine grace is the unmerited favor whereby the repentant sinner is freely given eternal life which he or she does not deserve. Scripture is very clear that salvation is a free gift, and that it cannot be earned.

I. Propitiation
• Romans 3:25 says that God set forth Christ as a propitiation. What does this mean? _This means God put Christ forward as the means to appease the wrath of God, Whom we have offended with our sin.________ John teaches that Christ was the propitiation for whose sins in 1 John 2:1-2? _He was the propitiation for not only the sins of the saved, but for the sins of the whole world.___________________________________ John also gives us the highest example of love in 1 John 4:10. What is it? Was the propitiation that Christ provided easy, then? _It is Christ’s sacrifice for our redemption. Christ’s provision was not easy at all._____

Propitiation means satisfaction. Christ’s death appeased or satisfied the just demands of the Holy God for all men, and not just the elect.


J. Imputation
• What does Paul teach is imputed to us who believe in Christ in Romans 4:22-24? _Righteousness is imputed; specifically, the righteousness of Christ._____________ How does Paul define imputation in 2 Corinthians 5:21? _Imputation was God making Christ become our sin, bearing our punishment, so that we could bear the righteousness of Christ, obtaining His righteous standing before The Father._______________________ Romans 4:3, Galatians 3:6, and James 2:23 all look back on one Old Testament event to give the standard for imputation. What was that event, and what does it mean? _The event was God imputing His righteousness to Abraham on account of Abraham’s faith in God. Abraham did not trust in his works to earn him a right standing before God, but instead trusted in God’s promises for his righteousness.____________________

To impute is to place something on someone else’s account. God imputes Christ’s righteousness on the account of those who believe in Him. The righteousness is unmerited by human effort; however, it is a credit given by God to those who believe on His Son.

K. Forgiveness
• Why does Psalm 130:4 say that God forgives? _So that God would be feared.____________________________ According to Acts 13:38, how can we have forgiveness of sins? _Only through Jesus Christ.________________


What does God say in Acts 26:18 is the result of turning from darkness to light, and from Satan to God? _Forgiveness of sins and an inheritance among the other Believers who are being sanctified by their faith in God.___________________________________ _____________________________________________ Why does Paul put redemption hand-in-hand with forgiveness in Ephesians 1:7? _Because both our redemption and our forgiveness were accomplished by the blood of Christ on the cross.____________________ _____________________________________________ What is required for forgiveness of sins in 1 John 1:9? _Confession of sins is required for forgiveness.______ _____________________________________________

Forgiveness means the saved person has been pardoned or had an obligation canceled. God has graciously canceled the debt of sin and the punishment deserved for sin through the gift of eternal life in Christ.

L. Sanctification
• What does Jesus say sanctifies believers in John 17:17? _God’s Truth, and consequently God’s Word is what sanctifies believers._____________________________ _____________________________________________ How does Paul describe the sanctification process in Romans 6:12? _He describes it as not allowing sin to rule our decisions._______________________________


What makes us different from all of the sinful practices which once described us, according to 1 Corinthians 6:11? _We were justified and sanctified by God; this work of God is what sets us apart and makes us different from what we once were.______________ What does Paul say Christ uses to sanctify the Church in Ephesians 5:26? _God uses His Word, the Scriptures, to sanctify the Church.___________________________ What single event does the author of Hebrews point to as that which sanctified believers in Hebrews 10:10? _The event of the offering of the body of Christ._______ When does 1 John 3:2 say our sanctification will be complete? _When we see Christ, at the time of the Rapture, our sanctification will be complete and be transformed into the image of Christ._______________

Sanctification means to set apart for a holy purpose. The Scriptures address sanctification in a three dimensional perspective. Positional sanctification occurs at the moment of salvation when the believer is set apart in Christ and positioned with Christ in the heavenlies. The second aspect of sanctification is progressive sanctification where by the believer is brought closer to the image of Christ. This occurs through his obedience to the Word of God and allowing the Holy Spirit to fill the believer’s life daily and make him or her more like Christ in character and behavior. The third aspect of sanctification is permanent sanctification. This is the final transformation of the believer into the image of Jesus Christ upon receiving the glorified body.

M. Eternal Security
• Who is able to snatch a Believer out of Jesus’ hand according to John 10:28? _No one is able.___________ _____________________________________________ What does Paul teach in Romans 8:38-39 is able to separate Believers from God’s love? _Nothing is able to separate us from the love of God.__________________ _____________________________________________ Who sealed us according to Ephesians 4:30? How long does this sealing last? _The Holy Spirit has sealed us. This sealing lasts “until the day of redemption,” the Rapture. __________________________ _____________________________________________ According to 1 John 5:13, is it possible to know if you have eternal life? _Yes. John wrote with the intent of giving believers assurance of their eternal salvation.__ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ Who is responsible for your standing before God according to Jude 24? _God is responsible. He is the One who keeps us from falling.____________________

Eternal Security
Eternal security means that those who accept Jesus Christ as their personal Savior will continue in their state of being born-again for time and eternity. They are now sons or daughters of God and will so remain being forever secured by the keeping power of God.


N. Glorification
• What does Paul say is the end of this suffering life in Romans 8:17? _Our glorification with Christ._________ _____________________________________________ How does Paul describe our glorification in 1 Corinthians 15:52? _Those who have died first will be raised first, then we will join them in the air, being changed, glorified.______________________________ What will Christ do to our bodies on Rapture Day according to Philippians 3:21? _He will change our vile, or corruptible, body to be like His glorious, or glorified, body. ________________________________________ How does Paul describe our future in 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18? _Just as surely as Christ died and rose again, Christ will come back for us as well. Christ will descend with a shout and we will be caught up in the air to join Him. _________________________________________ When does John say we will finally be like Christ in 1 John 3:2? _When He appears, and we see Him, we will be like Him____________________________________

Glorification, in regards to the believer, is a future event with a two-fold implication. The believer will be spiritually perfected into the image of Christ upon his entry into heaven and subsequently, at the resurrection, he will receive a glorified body in which to dwell throughout eternity future. The two aspects of glorification are simultaneous at the Rapture. .

Part 8: Eternal Destiny
A. Unbelievers
• What does Jesus promise for those who, in this life, did not put action to their faith in Matthew 25:41? _The everlasting fire punishment made for Satan and his angels is what Jesus promised._______________________________ _________________________________________________ Who does Jesus say will end up at the Resurrection of judgment in John 5:28-29? _Those who have done evil will be at that Resurrection.______________________________ _________________________________________________ Who does Peter say are kept under punishment until the Day of Judgment in 2 Peter 2:9? _The unjust are kept under punishment.______________________________________ _________________________________________________ What does God use to judge all men according to Revelation 20:11-14? _The Book of Life and the books recording the man’s deeds are what Jesus uses to judge man with.____________________________________________

The Last Resurrection will include all unregenerate dead from all history. They will be raised at the end of the millennial kingdom to stand trial before God at the Great White Throne Judgment where they will be sentenced to eternity in the Lake of Fire.


B. Church Age Believers
• What does Paul say about our inheritance in Romans 8:17? _Paul says we are joint-heirs with Christ. His inheritance is ours. ____________________________________________ _________________________________________________ What does Paul promise about the future of all believers in Romans 14:10? _He promises that we will all stand before the judgment seat of Christ.__________________________ What does Paul promise about the Judgment Day for believers in 1 Corinthians 3:13-15? _He says that all our works will be revealed by fire; if they burn, there will be no reward earned, for the deeds were done in the flesh rather than in the Spirit.__________________________________ What does Paul say will happen to all believers in 2 Corinthians 5:10? _We will all stand before the judgment seat of Christ to receive the things done in the body. ______ What does the Creed in 2 Timothy 2:12-13 promise believers? _It promises that if we suffer with Him, we will reign with Him; He promises that reward. But if we deny Him, He will deny us.________________________________ What does Paul give believers for hope in 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18? _We will see both them and Christ again, and that will be a glorious return._____________________________ How does John describe believers in Revelation 1:6? _We have been made kings and priests unto God._____________ How does Revelation 21:3-7 describe eternity for believers? _God says He will dwell with us, wipe away all our tears, and there will be no more pain._______________


Church Age Believers
There will be a bodily resurrection of all Church Age believers at the rapture of the Church. This group will be caught up to Heaven and will be judged at the Bema (judgment) Seat of Christ. The Bema seat does not determine the gain or loss of eternal life, but rather the gain or loss of spiritual rewards. They will reign with Christ during the Millennial Kingdom. Believers will spend eternity future in the presence of God.

C. Old Testament Believers
• What does Job say about his future resurrection in Job 19:25-26? _Job says he knows his Redeemer lives and that he will see the Lord is his body.________________________ Does David expect to see God one day according to Psalm 17:15? _David knows that he will see the Lord, and will be changed with the Lord’s likeness – glorification.__________ Who does the Psalmist trust to redeem his soul in Psalm 49:15? _He says God will redeem his soul from the grave._ Did Isaiah think the grave was the end of existence in Isaiah 26:19? _Isaiah knew that the dead would see God alive in their body; He knew the grave was not the end.____ Where does the author of Hebrew say Old Testament saints are right now in Hebrews 12:23? _He says they have been made perfect, indicating they are with God._________

Old Testament Believers
Dead Old Testament saints and Tribulation saints will be resurrected at the Second Coming and be given glorified bodies in which they will enter into the Millennial Kingdom and they will reign with Christ in the Millennial Kingdom while maintaining their national identity through eternity future.


D. Infants and Special Needs Persons
• What does David say about the future of his baby child who has just died in 2 Samuel 12:23? _He said he knows he will not see his child, but his child will return to David._____ What does Isaiah 7:16 indicate about the guilt or innocence of children? _It indicates that there is a point in time when children don’t understand right and wrong, and when they do. _____________________________________ How does Jeremiah describe the children who have been offered as sacrifices in Jeremiah 19:4? _The children are described as innocent._______________________________ To whom do the children belong according to Ezekiel 16:21? How does God treat those who are His? _God says the children are His? He treats those who are His with love and care, entirely differently than how children delivered to false gods are treated.____________________________ According to Revelation 5:9 and 7:9, God has ransomed people from where? Are there peoples who have never heard the Gospel? What does this mean about this verse? _God ransomed people from every kindred, tongue, people, and nation. There are those who never heard the gospel from some tribes who are now extinct. Therefore if some of the redeemed are from these tribes, it would indicate that those redeemed are children from these nations._________

Infants and Special Needs Persons
Infants who die before birth or infants and/or special needs persons who die before they come to the age of accountability (the age when a person can distinguish right from wrong and choose one over the other) will be eternally in heaven.

Part 9: Heaven and Hell
A. Heaven
• What does Deuteronomy 26:15 say about who lives in heaven? _This passage teaches that it is God who lives in heaven. __________________________________________ As Solomon prays in 1 Kings 8:30, 39 where does he say God’s dwelling place is? _He says God’s dwelling place is in heaven. _________________________________________ Where does Psalm 103:19 say God has established His throne? _God established His throne in the heavens._____ What does Isaiah 66:1 teach about heaven? _Heaven is the throne of God._____________________________________ How will things change in the New Heaven and the New Earth, according to Revelation 21:1-7? _He said there would be no more sea. There would be no more sadness nor tears. Everything would be made new.__________________

Heaven is God’s eternal abiding place. There will be no sin present in Heaven because God is holy and cannot tolerate sin in His presence. The New Heaven is the eternal home for the children of God where the effects of sin such as sorrow, pain, and death will not be present. The New Heaven is where Christ will reign forever as King of Kings and Lord of Lords.


B. Hell
• Jesus teaches that Hell was made for what purpose in Matthew 25:41? _It was prepared for the Devil and his angels. __________________________________________ _________________________________________________ Paul teaches in 2 Thessalonians 1:7-9 the end of those who reject the Gospel of Jesus Christ. What happens to them? _Jesus Christ is going to take vengeance on them for their rebellion against Him and the Gospel.__________________ _________________________________________________ How does John describe the end of the Devil in Revelation 20:10? _He is cast into the Lake of Fire.________________ _________________________________________________ What happens at the end of time to everyone who had died and was in hell according to Revelation 20:14-15? _Everyone will be cast into the Lake of Fire.______________

Hell is a temporary but literal place of fire and torment where the dead lost persons abide. The Lake of Fore, in contrast, is the permanent and final place of judgment for all those whose name is not found in the Book of Life. It was created for Satan and his angels. This judgment is administered at the Great White Throne. The torment of this judgment is eternal in which both the body and the soul of the unregenerate burn without being consumed and without annihilation.


Part 10: Ecclesiology
A. The New Testament Church
• Acts 2 describes the beginning of the Church. What main event was taking place when the Church began? _The Jews were gathered together to celebrate Pentecost. _________________________________________________ In Acts 11:15, Peter describes the coming of the Holy Spirit on Gentile believers. He says it happened to them just like it happened to the disciples “at the beginning.” What does this phrase indicate about the beginning of the Church? _This phrase indicates that the church began at Pentecost. _________________________________________________

The New Testament Church
The Scriptures teach that the Church of Jesus Christ is distinct from Israel. It was inaugurated at Pentecost and will be completed at the Rapture. The church must be considered in two aspects: the Body of Christ (all saints from Pentecost to the Rapture) and the Local Church. 1. The Body of Christ
• Christ mentions the economy of the Church for the very first time in Matthew 16:18. Is this Church a strong institution, or not? _The Church is such a strong institution that no one who is a part of it will ever be condemned in judgment by God. __________________


Paul teaches that there are how many bodies of Christ in 1 Corinthians 12:12? _There are many members.___ _____________________________________________ According to Ephesians 1:22, who is the Head of the Church? _Christ is the head of the Church.__________ _____________________________________________ What does Paul say in Ephesians 3:10 is one purpose of the Church? Is this purpose quickly or easily accomplished? _To make known the manifold wisdom of God to the angelic realm. This is something which will be unfolded and accomplished throughout the entirety of the Church age.______________________________ Why is Christ the Head of the Church according to Colossians 1:18? _So that in all things Christ would have the preeminence.___________________________

Body of Christ
This group is made up of all individuals who have been born again from the day of Pentecost to the moment of the Rapture of the Church and have been placed by the Holy Spirit (though means of the baptism of the Holy Spirit) into the universal church. Christ is the head of the body; therefore Christ is the only supreme authority of the Church. 2. The Local Church
• What task did Christ give each local church in Matthew 28:18-20? _He told them to teach God’s truth, baptizing converts in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, and teach them to observe the things Christ commanded.___________________________________


What is the first Ordinance that Christ gave the Local Church to practice regularly in Luke 22:19-20? _Christ gave the Church The Lord’s Supper to remember His sacrifice. ______________________________________ In Acts 1:8, what unique empowering did Christ promise for the completion of the Church’s Task? _Christ promised power from the Holy Spirit__________ What was the second Ordinance that Christ gave the Local Church, as exemplified by the Apostles in Acts 2:41-47? Who precisely participated in this Ordinance? _The second Ordinance is Baptism, and those who believe the message of the Gospel participate in that Ordinance.____________________________________ What does Paul teach about in I Corinthians 11:17-34? What are the consequences for celebrating this institution in an “unworthy manner”? _Paul teaches that the person who participates in The Lord’s Supper is guilty of the body and blood of the Lord._____________ What does Paul teach Timothy is the responsibility of leaders in the church in 2 Timothy 2:2? _It is the responsibility of elders to teach younger men, who will then teach other younger men.____________________ Why did God give His People the Scriptures according to 2 Timothy 3:16? _For doctrine, reproof, correction, and instruction in righteousness.___________________


The Local Church
The local New Testament church is an organized body of believers, baptized by immersion upon a credible testimony of their personal faith in the Lord Jesus Christ. The Church is congregational in government, and is set aside for God’s work, worship, and edification, observance of the ordinances (baptism and Lord’s Supper) and the fulfillment of the Great Commission by propagating the Gospel throughout the world. The unifying purpose of the Local Church is to glorify God.

B. Biblical Authority
• What example do the Bereans give for how to listen to teaching about God in Acts 17:11? What did the Bereans recognize as the final authority? _The Bereans went to Scripture for their answers. They saw Scripture as their final authority for whatever questions they had. _____________ Paul teaches the Ephesians about some of the Spiritual Gifts in Ephesians 4:11-16. One point is made throughout the passage about different gifts, however: unity. What, according to the Apostle Paul, brings unity? _It is Doctrine, Paul teaches, which brings unity.______________________ What is the only tool we are given which is given by inspiration of God, and therefore is authoritative to teach and correct us according to 2 Timothy 3:16-17? _Scripture is the only tool.____________________________________

Biblical Authority
The Word of God is the Final Authority for Doctrine.

C. Autonomy of the Local Church
• Who within the church chose seven men to help serve according to Acts 6:1? What does this indicate about authority within the Local Church? _It was the group of disciples, the church, which chose out qualified men.______ Who confirmed the commission of Barnabas and Saul for the ministry according to Acts 13:1? Were they from the same church or another church? _The church confirmed them for the ministry God had called them to. This was the same church they were called out from._________________

Autonomy of the Local Church
Each local assembly is self-governing with the government to be exercised by the congregation. Churches of like faith and practice may choose to jointly participate in fellowship or outreach ministries for the sake of the cause of Christ. However, nowhere in Scripture does one find a denomination, convention, or church hierarchy. And no one church or association of churches has a governing role over any local assembly in the New Testament.

D. Priesthood of the Believer
• According to Hebrews 10:19-22, who has to stand between each believer and Christ to mediate? This means who is responsible to Jesus for your life? _No one stands between the believer and Christ. This means that everyone is responsible before Christ for our own lives and the decisions we make._________________________________ Who offers spirituals sacrifices on your behalf to God through Jesus Christ according to 1 Peter 2:5? _No one offers sacrifices on our behalf. We offer them to God for ourselves. ________________________________________


How does Peter describe this relationship just a few verses later in 1 Peter 2:9-10? He says we are a royal what? _Peter says we are a royal priesthood.________________________

Priesthood of the Believer
Each believer has the right to function as a priest and enter the presence of God on his or her own behalf.

E. Two Church Offices
• In Philippians 1:1, Paul mentions two offices in the local church. What are those offices? _The offices of Pastor and Deacon.__________________________________________ In 1 Timothy 3, Paul tells Timothy what people are qualified to serve as Pastor or Deacon. Can just anyone fulfill these responsibilities? What are some of the qualifications Paul gives for Pastor? For Deacon? _Not just anyone can fulfill these responsibilities Paul says these things are a gift. Qualifications include first and foremost blamelessness, then faithfulness, vigilance, sobriety, of good behavior, hospitable, able to teach, etc.___________ How does Peter describe the difference between an Elder, Pastor (translated “Shepherd”), and Bishop in 1 Peter 5:13? How many offices are there, then, in the local church? _All of these titles refer to the same office. There are only two offices, then: Deacon, and Pastor/Elder/Bishop._____

Two Church Offices
Pastor (Bishop or Elder) and Deacon are the two biblical church offices. Bishop, Elder, and Shepherd are Biblical terms all referring to the same office of Pastor. The qualifications are in 1 Timothy 3:1-7 and Titus 1:5-9. The Deacons are the servant/helpers to the Pastors and the congregation. Their lf h 8


F. Individual Soul Liberty
• In Ezekiel 18:4 God says he will hold whom accountable for sins? Is a son responsible for his father’s sins? _Every man is accountable for his own sins. Fathers are not responsible for their sons.____________________________ Paul spends a good portion of Romans 14 discussing responsibility before God. In verses 1-12, who does he say individuals are responsible to judge? Who are we responsible for? In verse 13, Paul concludes with what final thought for what we should judge? _We need to judge ourselves, not one another. What we are to judge, instead, is not to cause one another to stumble.___________________ Paul again addresses this same issue in 1 Corinthians 8. Who does Paul say we should be concerned about? Paul teaches that if we think we have liberty in a certain area, how should we use that liberty to look at other believers? _Paul says our concern should be that we not cause our brothers and sisters to stumble. If we have liberty we should be willing to give that liberty up for the sake of not causing a brother to stumble._________________________________ Finally, in 1 Corinthians 10:23-33, who does Paul teach we are to be looking out for? What happens if we do something which causes someone else to stumble? Is it just enough that our conscience is okay with doing something? _Paul teaches we are to look out for one another’s best. It is not our conscience which is of final concern, but the conscience of the brother who is offended by our actions._____________________________________

Individual Soul Liberty
Soul liberty refers to the right of the individual Christian to regulate his or her life with regard to things which are morally indifferent.


G. Saved, Regenerate Church Membership
• What is supposed to happen when someone sins and is unrepentant according to Jesus in Matthew 18:15-18? Are they allowed to stay in the Church? _If someone continues to be unrepentant after being confronted, they are to be put out of the church and treated as unbelievers.____________ Who does Acts 2:41-42 say were baptized and added to the church? _Those who gladly received the Word were baptized and added to the church._____________________

Saved Church Membership
Local churches are made up of persons who are born again and able to give a credible testimony of personal faith in Jesus Christ and have been baptized by immersion. The local church bears the responsibility to approve individuals who are candidates for believer’s baptism. Dismissals two and three are to be taken by the church congregation.

H. Two Church Ordinances
• What ordinance does Christ command to be administered as disciples are made, according to Matthew 28:19-20? _Christ commands that baptism be practiced after someone becomes a disciple._________________________________ What does John 3:23 indicate about how baptism is to be administered? _John baptized in a place where there was much water, indicating that a person needed to be immersed in water._________________________________ Acts 8:26-39 also indicates how baptism is to be administered? What do we see from this passage? _Going


down into the water and coming back up out from it both indicated immersion as well.__________________________ • What does baptism picture, according to Romans 6:1-4? _It pictures our union with Christ in His death, and then raised up as in His resurrection._______________________ After the first believers were baptized into the first church in Acts 2:41-47, what did they also continue in? _They continued in the Apostle’s teaching, fellowship, observation of the Lord’s Supper, and prayer.______________________ Paul gives further detail on the ordinance of the Lord’s Supper in 1 Corinthians 11:23-34. What should we always do before we celebrate the Lord’s Supper? _We should examine our hearts to make sure we have no unconfessed sin between us and God._____________________________

Two Church Ordinances
The two ordinances of the local church are Baptism and the Lord’s Supper. Baptism is the first step in obedience to our Lord, and should be done by immersion to represent the death, burial, and resurrection of Christ. It is a testimony of the new believer’s identification with the Lord Jesus Christ. The Lord’s Supper should be observed by baptized believers who are in right standing with God and the brethren and in the corporate worship time of believers. Neither of those two ordinances bears any salvific merit.


I. Separation of Church and State
• When Christ described the responsibility to the Government and the responsibility to God in Matthew 22:21, does He describe them as united or as distinct? _Christ describes two different responsibilities which are not inter-mingled._____________________________________ When responsibilities to God are opposed to responsibilities to Government, which responsibility is greater, according to Acts 4:19? Which should we follow? _Peter and John’s response make it clear that responsibilities to God are primary when responsibilities conflict with man’s commands._______________________ According to Acts 5:29, whom in the end are we responsible to follow? _We are to follow God.___________

Separation of Church and State
The state or government should not appoint one church to be the official church of the state nor interfere in the work of the New Testament local church. Nor should the church establish a state. In essence, the church does not govern the state and the state does not govern the church.


Part 11: Separation
A. Personal Separation
• What does 1 Corinthians 6:19-20 teach about what Christians should allow to influence them? _Everything we allow to influence us ought to be what glorifies God, since we have the Holy Spirit living inside us._________________ How should we understand Paul’s language of being “unequally yoked” in 2 Corinthians 6:14-15? How are we relating to lawlessness and darkness? _Paul is speaking about believers and unbelievers entering into union with one another, be it by marriage or any other means.___________ What does Paul teach in 1 Thessalonians 4:1-8 ought to be our attitude toward impurity and immorality? What is God’s will for us? What does this word mean? _We are to be fleeing from impurity and immorality; God’s will for us is our sanctification. This word means to be set apart. God wants us to be set apart from the ungodly world around us.______________________________________________ What is God’s command for us in 1 Peter 1:13-16? What does this word mean? _God’s command for us is that we be holy as He is holy. This word means distinct, set apart, and without blame.____________________________________

Personal Separation
The believer should be separated from all worldly practices that would dishonor our Lord Jesus Christ.


B. Ecclesiastical Separation
• How does Paul command us to respond to people who cause divisions or teach false doctrines according to Romans 16:17? _Paul commands that we mark them, or figure out who they are, and then avoid them, have nothing to do with them.___________________________________ According to 1 Corinthians 1:10, how are believers to be avoiding divisions and separations? What is the foundation of unity? _Divisions are avoided by unity, having the same judgment. This necessitates unity being centered on Scripture. It is the main commonality given to all believers.____________________________________ What are the characteristics of the divisive person described by Paul in 1 Timothy 6:3-5 that we are to be watching out for? _The divisive person teaches things contrary to what Christ taught, and does not consent to words, or teachings, consistent with the Gospel. He is also proud, arguing about words which are irrelevant. They are corrupt, destitute of the Truth, and think that the Gospel is a means of getting rich._______________________________ What happens if we do not separate ourselves from the world, but instead act friendly with things from the world according to James 4:4? _We become enemies of God.___

Ecclesiastical Separation
The local church should separate from any persons and ecumenical movements which seek to compromise clear biblical statements in favor of unity over truth. However, our church may cooperate and associate with any ministry, movement, mission, organization, or individual whose doctrine, policy, and practice are not contrary to our own.

Part 12: Marriage and Family Relations
• How does God describe the first, perfect marriage relationship in Genesis 1:26-28? _God created man and woman, together, in the image of God._____________________________________ What defines marriage in Genesis 2:24? _The permanent union of one man and one woman._____________________________

Marriage and Family Relations
Marriage is the union of one man and one woman as described by the Scriptures. We hold that a man or woman is defined as the gender in which they entered this world. Men and women are spiritually equal in position before God, but God ordained distinct and separate spiritual functions for men and women in the home and the church.

A. The Family
• What were the roles of the first man and woman according to Genesis 2:21-24? Four roles are given in total. 1) A man is to leave his father and mother.______________ 2) He is to cleave to his wife.__________________________ 3) They are to be one flesh.___________________________ 4) In their marriage they are to be unashamed.___________ • According to Malachi 2:14, what bond unites a husband and wife? _The bond, the covenant witnessed by God is what unites a man and wife.__________________________ Before whom does Jesus say this bond or covenant is made in Matthew 19:3-12? _It is God that joined them together; the bond is made before God._________________


How does Paul describe the husband-wife relationship in Ephesians 5:22-33? How is the husband supposed to treat his wife? And the wife her husband? What greater relationship does all this represent or illustrate? _The Husband is to lead the wife, and the wife submit to the husband. This relationship is a depiction, or image, of Christ’s relationship with the Church.___________________ What is the authority structure in the family according to Paul in 1 Corinthians 11:3? _God has authority over all; Christ is authority over man, and man over woman. ______ How does Peter describe the husband-wife relationship in 1 Peter 3:1-7? _Peter focuses also on the wife submission, but for the husband, rather than simply saying “love your wife,” he says to dwell with them according to knowledge, and to give honor._________________________________

The Family
The family is the foundational institution of human society. God intends marriage to be for life. Husband and wife are subject to God and each other. The husband is the leader of the home and is commanded to love his wife as Christ loved the Church. The wife is to submit herself to the headship of her husband as the Church submits to the headship of Christ.

B. The Children
• What does God command that children be taught from a young age, according to Deuteronomy 6:4-9? _God commanded that children be taught to love the Lord with all their being.________________________________________ How does the Psalmist describe children in Psalm 127:3-5? _He describes children as a heritage from the Lord.________


What instruction does Solomon give parents for how to instruct children in Proverbs 19:18? _Solomon instructs parents to discipline the children before it is too late. ______ What is the principle Solomon gives for teaching children properly while they are young in Proverbs 22:6? _The principle is that if children are trained young in the ways of the Lord, they will not depart from the ways of the Lord as they get older._____________________________________ What does Solomon say is true about children naturally in Proverbs 22:15? What solves this? _Children are naturally foolish, but if they are disciplined it will drive the foolishness from them.________________________________________ What are the consequences for not disciplining your children according to Proverbs 23:13-14? _The child will die, and he will be condemned to hell.__________________ What instruction does Paul give children in Ephesians 6:12? Paul instructs children to obey and honor their parents. _________________________________________________ What must be true of the fatherly leadership of pastors and deacons according to 1 Timothy 3:4-5, 12? _They must have their household in order, their children obedient to be qualified for service in the Church._____________________

The Children
Children are a heritage from the Lord. Parents are to teach their children spiritual and moral values and to lead them through consistent lifestyle, example, and appropriate discipline, including Scriptural correction.


C. Divorce and Remarriage
• What does God say He thinks about divorce in Malachi 2:14-17? _God hates divorce._________________________ What does Jesus say about divorce in Matthew 19:3-12? Is it ever acceptable to Him? _Jesus says God never intended divorce. It is permitted, He said, in cases of fornication. But divorce was only ever permitted because of the hardness of the Israelite’s hearts.________________________________ What does Romans 7:1-3 say about remarriage? When is remarriage acceptable? _Paul teaches that remarriage after the death of a spouse is perfectly acceptable, since the living spouse is no longer under the law of the marriage.___ How does Paul say salvation affects divorce and remarriage in 1 Corinthians 7:10-16? Under what circumstances does God allow divorce in this passage? _Paul says that the saved person is setting an example or testimony for the unsaved, and therefore should stay in the marriage if at all possible. However, if the unbelieving spouse wants to leave, Paul says to let that one leave._____ According to 1 Timothy 3:2, 12 are the qualifications for pastors and deacons any different in terms of marriage? Are there any exceptions for the spiritual leadership of a church? _Paul gives the same command for each leadership position. They are both to be husbands of one wife, or onewoman men. There are no exceptions given._____________


Divorce and Remarriage
God intends marriage to last until one of the spouses dies; remarriage at this point is Biblically acceptable. Divorce and remarriage are unbiblical except on the grounds of fornication or the willful departure of an unsaved spouse. Divorced persons or divorced and remarried persons are to begin afresh their lives from the point of salvation and/or renewed fellowship with God and move on by living for the Lord the remainder of their days. They are welcome in the local church and may hold positions of service and be greatly used of God. Divorced individuals may not be considered for the offices of pastor or deacon.

D. Human Sexuality
• Who created the genders unique according to Genesis 1:27, 31? How was this creation? Was there a problem with it? _God created the genders. When he made them that way, they were perfect. There was nothing wrong with them. They are a reflection of God’s nature._____________ How is the union of a husband and wife described in Genesis 2:24? _It is described as the two becoming one flesh.____________________________________________ How does Genesis 19:5, 13 speak of homosexuality? How did God respond to the open homosexuality in this passage? _God said he would destroy Sodom because of the cry of them against God, because of the homosexuality which characterized their lives.________________________ Read Leviticus 18. How does God look at sexuality apart from a one-man-one-woman (monogamous) relationship? Is there anything outside of a monogamous relationship that God approves of? What is the foundation for the specific commands for human sexuality? On whose character are they based? _God sees any other type of


sexual intercourse as an affront against Him. The foundations of God’s commands are God’s holiness. They are based on the character of God._____________________ • Leviticus 20:13 is very clear about homosexuality. What does it say? What does it mean? Are any exceptions given? _This passage says it is an abomination for a man to sleep with a man as he sleeps with a woman. This means exactly what it says. There are no exceptions. ___________ Who does Psalm 139:14-15 say made us? Were we made in a random, haphazard way? _David knows he was made by God; he was made fearfully and wonderfully; God carefully orchestrated all of his creation._______________________ What reason does Paul give for aberrant sexual behavior in Romans 1:26-29? _He credits it to the rejection of what people naturally know about God. They did not like to think about God, so God turned them over to a reprobate mind.__ What is Paul’s response to sexual perversion within the church of Corinth in 1 Corinthians 5:1? _He rebukes them for things which are looked down upon even by pagans.____ What does Paul say the future is for those who practice this sexual deviance in 1 Corinthians 6:9? _Paul says they will not inherit the kingdom of God.____________________ How does Paul describe the normal sexual relationship in 1 Corinthians 7:1-5? _Paul says that the husband and wife do not have power over their own bodies, but instead ought to give themselves to each other.________________________ Who is the final authority in the marriage relationship according to Ephesians 5:22-23? _The husband is the head of the home, and Christ is the head of the husband._______


What is God’s purpose for our sexuality according to 1 Thessalonians 4:3-4? _His purpose is that we abstain from fornication, using our bodies in a sanctified way.__________ What is God’s standard for acceptable sexuality in Hebrews 13:4? _Marriage, and sex within that context, is acceptable before God; but any other kind of sexual relationship is unacceptable before God.________________

E. Abortion
• When does David say he became a unique, sinful person according to Psalm 51:5? _In his mother’s womb, before birth.____________________________________________ As David describes his conception and growth in Psalm 139:14-16, when does he see his person-ness beginning? _He sees his beginning while he was still being formed, in his mother’s womb.___________________________________ When does Isaiah say you were made in Isaiah 44:24? How early, then, can “you” be said to be “you”? _He says he was formed in the womb. We have been who we are since conception._______________________________________ How early did God have a unique plan for Isaiah according to Isaiah 49:1, 5? _God had a plan for Isaiah from the time he was in the womb.________________________________ When did God know Jeremiah the prophet and have a plan for his life according to Jeremiah 1:5? _Before God formed Jeremiah, God had a plan for Jeremiah._________________ In his anguish and despair, Jeremiah describes what would have happened if God had taken his life while he was still in the womb in Jeremiah 20:15-18. What kinds of words does Jeremiah use? What impact do they have on the issue of abortion? Jeremiah uses words like “cursed”,


“slew”, “labor”, and “sorrow.” Death in the womb is indeed death, and killing. To take a life in the womb is to kill it, according to Jeremiah. Therefore the unborn life is indeed sacred.___________________________________________ • What does Luke 1:44 indicate about John the Baptist while he was in his mother’s womb? _John heard and understood the voice of Mary and the presence of the Messiah. This indicates that he had emotion, characteristic of being a human.__________________________________________

We believe human life begins at conception and that the unborn child is a living human being. Abortion constitutes the unjustifiable, inexcusable taking of unborn human life. We reject teachings that abortion of pregnancies due to rape, incest, birth defects, gender selection, birth or population control, or the mental well-being of the mother are acceptable.


Part 13: Discipline of a Member Church Discipline
It is vital to the testimony of this local church and the glory of our Lord that church purity be preserved and its peace protected. In the event of differences between members, they will be settled personally in accordance with Matthew 18. “And have you forgotten the exhortation that addresses you as sons? ‘My son, do not regard lightly the discipline of the Lord, nor be weary when reproved by Him. For the Lord disciplines the one He loves, and chastises every son whom He receives’” – Hebrews 12:5-6

A. Definitions
• The Church 1. How does Paul describe a church in Ephesians 4:7-16, 5:25-27? What are some of the key elements? _Gifts have been given to the church, including the gifts of Pastors for leadership. The church has the goal of unity through doctrine. God has the goal of growing us to unity. Christ was given as Head of the Church.________

The Church
The church is a holy community created by God and intended to reflect His character and glory in the midst of a fallen world. God loves the church and His ultimate purpose for his church is to make it a gift to His Son; thus He calls it the Bride of Christ. For this reason the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are constantly at work to purify the church and bring her to maturity.


Life in the Church 1. How does Paul describe the resolution of sin issues within the church in Galatians 6:1? _He instructs spiritual ones in the church to confront the sinning brother with humility, understanding that they could sin as well._______________________________________ 2. How does the author of Hebrews describe daily interaction between church members in Hebrews 3:13? _Paul instructs us to exhort one another daily._

Life in the Church
Bible provides standards from God for the faith and life of all who are a part of the church. Elders/Pastors are commissioned by God to instruct, govern, and preserve local churches within these bounds of doctrine and

Church Discipline Church discipline is the corrective process which God has given to the church when a member persists in sin. 1. Such persistent sins may be: • Personal – Sins which wrong or injure particular individuals; e.g. slander, anger, bitterness, theft (Matthew 18:15-20; 2 Corinthians 12:20-13:2) • General – sins which are not directed at a particular individual; e.g. heresy, divisiveness, immorality, drunkenness (Romans 16:17-18; 1 Corinthians 5; Galatians 1:8-9; 1 Timothy 1:19-20; 2 Timothy 2:16-18)


Private – sins known only to a few (Proverbs 25:9; Matthew 18:15) Public – sins which are conspicuous and widely known (1 Corinthians 5:13; 2 Corinthians 12:2013:2; Titus 3:10-11)

2. According to 1 Timothy 5:19-21, are pastors exempt from or above the rules of God and church discipline? _No; in fact, they are to be rebuked before everyone, so that everyone will learn to fear the Lord._____________ 3. What does Proverbs 3:11-12 reveal about the purpose of Church Discipline? _The purpose is God’s display of His love for His children.__________________________

Church Discipline
Church discipline is neither intended to humiliate someone nor to seek revenge. It is an expression of God’s Fatherly love. Those involved in bringing this correction are to be motivated by sincere love and their words and actions are to combine both grace and truth.
B. Purpose – The purpose of this gift from God is threefold: 1. What does Paul say in Ephesians 3:20-21 is the purpose for everything that happens in the church, including church discipline? _It is all for the Glory of God._______________ 2. What does Paul say in 1 Corinthians 1:10 is the goal of the church in everything? _The goal is unity in the Church; that everyone be of the same mind.___________________


What is Christ’s goal for the church in Ephesians 5:25-27? _Christ’s goal is to purify the Church, to present us to himself without fault._______________________________ 3. In the outline of church discipline in Matthew 18:15-17, what key element prevents discipline from escalating in scope? _Repentance on the part of the sinning brother.__ What were the Corinthians instructed to do in 2 Corinthians 2:5-11 once the offending brother had repented? _They were to forgive him and accept him back into their fellowship lest he be overwhelmed with grief.__

God’s Purpose
God’s threefold purpose in church discipline is 1 – The glory of God; 2 – The unity and purity of the church; and 3 – The restoration of the straying church member.
C. Practice 1. What does Paul teach in 1 Timothy 4:7, 16 should be the first concern of every individual? _The concern of every individual ought to be first for themselves; individual purity and discipline first._________________________________

God calls every believer to be conformed into the image of His Son. This involves hearing and obeying God’s Word and results in each believer disciplining himself so as to conform to his Savior. We recognize that most “church discipline” situations start and end here, with the believer diligently applying God’s Word to his life


2. What principle does Proverbs 19:11 give for dealing with small issues? _We ought to overlook the minor sins; it shows his discretion and glory._____________________________ In Romans 15:1, who does Paul say we need to be looking out for? _We need to look out for the weak, not pleasing ourselves._________________________________________ What effect does Peter say loving each other will have toward offenses in 1 Peter 4:8? _Love covers a multitude of sins, according to Peter._____________________________

Minor Offenses
Though in Christ every believer has been declared righteous, the Christian life is a process of gradual change, of becoming in character what God has declared us in standing. This means that every Christian will exhibit flaws and imperfections and every relationship will include some measure of tension and disharmony. Minor offenses are those which do not endanger the safety or well-being of a believer, a relationship, or a church. In light of the Gospel, these are best overlooked, in the manner in which God forbears and overlooks many such traits in us.


3. What process for addressing sin in a fellow believer does Christ give in Matthew 18:15-17? _Jesus said to first go to the sinner. If he does not repent, take two or three with you on another trip. If he is still unrepentant, take him before the church. _______________________

The Process
Where self-discipline fails and where a believer sins in a manner that should not be overlooked, God provides direction for what to do. Ordinarily the process moves through stages, as described by Jesus Himself. With the glory of God and purity of the Church as the foundation, the goal at each stage, if possible, is to secure the repentance and restoration of the sinning brother or sister. The process ceases whenever the straying member evidences biblical repentance and is restored to the Lord and others.
3.1. How does Christ describe the first step in Matthew 18:15? _If a brother sins against us, the offended one is to go to the offender and tell them the problem, just the two of them.___________________________________ What does Christ add to this thought in Luke 17:3-4? _If he repents, forgive him, even if he sins against you seven times in the day.___________________________ How does Paul’s command in Galatians 6:1 affect this first step? _This first step ought to be done in humility, knowing we are prone to sin as well.________________

Private Inquiry
When a Christian sees another church member that appears to be engaged in sin that is repeated or serious, normally he should approach that person privately and in a spirit of meekness to inquire and, if necessary, to confront. If repentance is required and takes place, the process ends. If there is disagreement over the need for repentance or if there is refusal to repent, he should involve on or two others.


3.2. What principle does God give in Deuteronomy 19:15 for accusing someone of guilt? _Guilt is only established on the testimony of two or three witnesses._ How does Paul recognize this command in 1 Timothy 5:19? _Paul commands that accusations are only to be received on the testimony of two or three witnesses, specifically in the context of accusations against Pastors._______________________________________

Establishing the matter with witnesses
The concerned Christian should now involve one or two other church members, perhaps including a care-group leader or pastor, and return to the brother or sister caught in sin. If this group confirms that the brother or sister is in fact sinning, is unrepentant and is unwilling to change, then the pastors or the church should be informed so that they can confirm the facts and appeal for change.
3.3. What does Paul say about the final step of church discipline in 1 Timothy 5:20? _It is to be done in the presence of all, that they may fear the Lord.__________

Telling the Church
If the straying brother or sister remains unwilling to change, failing to heed various appeals from members and/or pastors, the pastors normally will inform the church of the member and the sin. Church members will be urged to pursue the erring member and appeal for repentance.


3.4. How does Paul deal with the last step of church discipline in 1 Corinthians 5:5? _Paul commands that as the rebellious one is turned out of the church, he is being delivered to Satan, who will bring calamity upon him, that he may come to repentance.______________ Paul also describes this final stage in 2 Thessalonians 3:14-15. Why does he say we are to not keep company with him? How are we supposed to think about him? _We are to not keep company with him so that he will be put to shame. However, we are not to treat him like an enemy, but continue to admonish him as a brother._ Paul, in 1 Timothy 1:20, practiced this final step of church discipline on two men for what reason? _So that they would learn not to blaspheme._____________

Excluding from Church Membership
Then the elders/pastors will inform the church again, this time acting to remove that person form church membership and instruct the church to treat the excluded member as an unbeliever. This means the church will no longer treat the person as a Christian, in that sense having no “fellowship” with him or her, and instead will seek to preach the gospel to him or her, calling him to repentance and faith in Christ.
3.5. Appeal. If at any point a church member believes he is being treated unjustly or inappropriately in the disciplinary process, he is welcome to appeal to the pastors and deacons.


4. Public sins • Does Paul describe all three steps in neat order in Romans 16:17? What is the problem he is addressing? _Paul urges believers to watch out for those who are causing division with false teaching, and avoid them immediately. This is more than just offending someone else; this is offending God and the Word of God. Therefore a much more strict approach is necessary.___ How many steps does Paul describe in 1 Corinthians 5:13? _Just one; putting out the wicked person._______ How drawn-out is the process described in Titus 3:1011? Is there a reason for this? _Paul mentions the three steps here as well, but it is again quite compressed, and not drawn out. Again, the reason is because of false teaching being involved. This cannot be tolerated, as it can cause believers to begin to doubt the Truth_______

Public Sins
After the sin has been addressed with the individual, the elders/pastors may decide to abbreviate or eliminate the above process if the sin is especially conspicuous or serious lead others into sin, or if the member proves to be divisive, disruptive, or is seen as a threat to lead others into sin.


5. Disciplinary actions

As the disciplinary process progresses through the above stages, the actions that may be taken include, but are not limited to, private and public admonition, withdrawal of fellowship, and removal from membership.

6. Restoration • How does Christ describe the emotion when the rebellious sinner repents and is restored in Luke 15:7? _The joy is greater than that which would be for 99 followers who need no repentance._________________ How does Paul describe the restoration process is 2 Corinthians 2:5-11? How important is immediate forgiveness and restoration? _Paul describes the forgiveness and restoration as ought to be immediate and genuine; other action would give Satan an opportunity to work._____________________________

The restoration of the straying believer stands as a hoped for part of the practice of church discipline. Throughout the disciplinary process the elders/pastors will seek to define a biblically informed pathway of repentance for the sinning member. If a member is removed from membership, the elders/pastors will urge the church members to continue to seek opportunities to call the person to repentance and faith in Christ. When the church has been made aware of an individual’s sin, they will also publically be made aware of the individual’s repentance in a way that is appropriate to the situation the good of the church, ensuring that as many people as possible may rejoice.


7. If a member leaves the church to avoid or cut short the disciplinary process.

People who attend our church, but have been excluded from another church on biblical grounds, will not be allowed to become members or participate in the fellowship of the church until they have repented of their sins, made a reasonable effort to be reconciled, and satisfied any biblically legitimate requirements of their former church.
8. Receiving excluded members.

At times a member may withdraw from the church to avoid or cut short discipline and its consequences. The elders/pastors and members of our church recognize our obligation and opportunity to attempt to restore the wandering member to the Lord and to His church. While the church cannot force a withdrawing member to remain in this congregation, the church has the right and responsibility to attempt to restore, to bring the disciplinary process to an orderly conclusion, and to make final determination as to the person’s membership status at the time withdrawal is sought or acknowledged. If the elders/pastors learn that a member who left the church under church discipline is not attending another church, the elders/pastors may inform that church of the situation, seeking to encourage the brother or sister to repent and be restored to the Lord and to any people he or she have offended. The elders/pastors may also warn the other church to be on guard against harm that the accused might do to their members.


Part 14: Eschatology
A. Hermeneutics
It is important to avoid the tendency to adopt a changing or complimentary hermeneutic when scripture addresses prophetic issues. The proper interpretation of Scripture is arrived at by taking the text in its natural or literal sense with careful attention given to grammatical, historical and contextual parameters. Scripture is to be interpreted literally with words and texts being taken in their ordinary, normal, or plain meaning unless there is some reason in the context to dictate otherwise

B. The Three Sine Qua Non’s of Literal Interpretation
Sine qua non is a Latin term meaning “that without not,” or those things which are necessary. The Three sine qua non’s of literal interpretation are 1) Keep Israel and the Church distinct, 2) Words and texts in Scripture must be taken in their ordinary, normal, plain meaning in contrast to spiritualizing or allegorizing them and 3) the overall purpose of God in the world is God-centered in contrast to mancentered. The purpose is to bring glory to God and the salvation of mankind is one method of accomplishing the purpose.


C. Biblical Dispensationalism and Progressive Revelation
Literal interpretation demonstrates that God has progressively revealed doctrines from the simple to the complete (i.e. redemption of mankind from the simple statement of Genesis 3:15 to the complete revelation of the Gospels). Furthermore, literal interpretation demonstrates that God has dealt with mankind in different ways in different eras of human history. The separation of biblical data and human history into component parts as indicated by literal interpretation is called Dispensationalism. A dispensation is a period of time during which man is tested in respect to obedience to some specific revelation of the will of God; man fails the test, and the judgment of God is incurred because of the failure. At this point God gives further revelation to man and subsequently a new test. In the initial dispensation, Adam and Eve are created and placed in the Garden of Eden with instructions not to eat of the fruit off the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil. They listened to the temptation of the serpent, ate of the fruit, fell into the condition of sin, and were removed from the Garden.
. A. The Seven Dispensations: Dispensation of Innocence Dispensation of Conscience Dispensation of Human Government Dispensation of Promise Dispensation of the Law Genesis 1:3-3:6 Genesis 3:7-8:14 Genesis 8:15-11:9 Genesis 11:10Exodus 18:27 Exodus 19:1-Acts 1:26


Acts 2:1-Revelation 19:21 Dispensation of the Kingdom Revelation 20:1-15 (John 1:17; 1 Cor. 9:17; 10:32; 2 Cor. 3:9-18; Gal. 3:13-25; Eph. 1:10; 3:2-10; Col. 1:24, 25; Heb. 7:19; Rev. 20:2-6)

Dispensation of Grace

D. The Rapture of the Church
• What does Christ promise He will do for those who have put their trust in Him in John 14:1-3? _Christ will come back and receive us to Himself, that where He is, we will be also._ How does Paul describe the end of the Church Age in 1 Corinthians 15:51-58? _Paul says we will not all die, but we will all be changed in a moment; he says our bodies will become incorruptible. And we will be raised to see Christ.___ What does Paul say will happen at the Rapture in 1 Thessalonians 4:11-18? _Just as surely as Christ died and rose again, so too those who die in Him will be raised again, with incorruptible bodies as He had. The Lord will descend from heaven with a shout, the dead in Christ will rise first, then we who are alive and remain will meet Him in the air._ What does Paul say Christians are supposed to be looking for in Titus 2:13? _Believers are to be looking for the blessed hope, the glorious appearing of Christ.__________________

The Rapture of the Church
The “Blessed hope” is the imminent, personal, pre-tribulational return of our Lord Jesus Christ referred to doctrinally as the Rapture of the Church. Christ will return bodily in the clouds of the air to catch away the believers in Christ (members of His Body, the Church).

E. The Tribulational Period
• In Jeremiah 30:7, what name does Jeremiah give the Tribulation? _Jeremiah calls it the Time of Jacob’s Trouble__ According to Daniel 9:27, how long does the Tribulational Period last? _Daniel says it lasts one week, which is to be interpreted as a week of years; seven days in a week, seven years in a week of years._____________________________ What kind of command does Christ give to those who are alive in the Tribulation in Matthew 24:15-21? _He tells them to flee Jerusalem at any cost.____________________ According to Paul in 2 Thessalonians 2:7-12, who is going to be working during the Tribulation period? _Satan will be working during the Tribulation.________________________

Extracurricular Study: Read Revelation 6:1-18:24. Can you describe the different types of judgments God will pour out, and who they will affect?

The Tribulation Period
After the Rapture of the Church a seven-year Tribulation period will unfold on the earth during which God will punish rebellious, unbelieving mankind, and re-gather Israel physically and spiritually to prepare the nation to welcome her Messiah.

F. The Judgment Seat of Christ (Bema Seat)
• What does Paul teach in 1 Corinthians 3:11-15 awaits believers at the Judgment Seat? Are believers being judged for sin? _Treasures, or rewards, are what await believers. These are not given or withheld because of sin. Sin was judged on the cross._____________________________


How does Paul continue to describe this judgment in 2 Corinthians 5:10? _He says we will all receive the things done in the body, whether it be good or bad._____________ How can we have boldness on the Judgment Day according to 1 John 4:17? _We can have boldness when we are living in love as Christ loved._______________________

Judgment Seat of Christ
The Church-Age saints appear before the Bema Seat of Christ in heaven for assessment of their works done during their lifetime from the point of salvation and prior to their entry into heaven.

G. The Second Coming of Christ
• How does Zechariah the prophet describe the scene at Christ’s Second Coming in Zechariah 14:2-4? What will happen to the Mount of Olives? _The nations will be gathered to do battle against Jerusalem, and there will be a great slaughter. Then Jesus will go forth into battle, and He will stand on the Mount of Olives, and the Mount will split down the middle.__________________________________ Christ spends the entire chapter of Matthew 25 discussing the Second Coming. What will happen at this time, especially in verses 31-46? _Christ will judge the Nations at the Sheep and Goat Judgment. Those faithful to the Messiah will enter the Millennium, and those against Him will go to judgment.________________________________ How does Paul describe this scene in 2 Thessalonians 1:710? _He describes the Lord coming with his angels, taking vengeance in flaming fire against those who do not obey the Gospel; these will go into everlasting judgment.__________


John also describes this event in Revelation 19. How does it fit with these previous pictures? _John describes this same image, with the fire specified as His eyes. His clothes are dipped in blood, symbolizing the judgment. He judges with the sword which goes out of His mouth, the Word of the Lord. _________________________________________

Second Coming of Christ
At the end of the seven year Tribulation Period the Lord Jesus will bodily return to earth in power and glory to establish the Millennial Kingdom. At this time, the first resurrection will be completed. Also the judgment of the nations will occur.

H. Millennial Reign of Christ
• David describes the Millennial Reign of Christ in Psalm 2. What will it look like? _Christ will rule the world with a rod of iron; He will not tolerate rebellion. But those who put their trust in Him will be blessed.______________________ What glorious Covenant that God made with Israel does Jeremiah describe as finally being fulfilled during the Millennial Kingdom in Jeremiah 31:31-34? How will this change the Israelites? _God makes the New Covenant with Israel. This is a Covenant which will cause Israel to follow Christ, changing their hearts from the inside. The Holy Spirit will indwell the Jews, giving them the capacity for obedience. ______________________________________ Describe God’s promises to Israel from the prophet Ezekiel in Ezekiel 11:17-20. _God would gather Israel together from all over the world, and give them the nation they have never had. He would give them a new heart which would obey the Lord.________________________________


God continued to reveal Millennial promises to Ezekiel in Ezekiel 34:23-24, 36:26-28, and 37:24-28? What other promises does God make with the nation of Israel that He will fulfill during this Millennial Reign? __David will rule over them, and the Lord would be their God. God will give them a new heart, and put the Holy Spirit inside them. They will dwell in the land God gave their fathers. God will make a covenant of peace with them, which will be an everlasting covenant. God would put his tabernacle with them, signifying His living among them. Then the heathen of the world will know Who the Lord is.______________________ How will Tribulation saints be specially blessed during the Kingdom according to Revelation 20:4-5? _They lie and reign with Christ for the Millennium.___________________

Extracurricular Study: Read Matthew 5-7 and relate it to Christ’s Millennial Reign. What will society be like? Who will be blessed and cursed in the Kingdom? How is the Kingdom different from how things are now?

Millennial Reign of Christ
The Millennial Kingdom of Christ is a literal 1000 year period which is in fulfillment of the Davidic Covenant. Christ (who presently sits at the right hand of the Father in Heaven) will sit on the Throne of David and rule Israel from Jerusalem. During the reign peace and righteousness will cover the earth, Satan will be bound, and Israel shall be established in her own land. At the end of the Millennium Satan will rebel against Christ, but shall be defeated and forever banished to the Lake of Fire.


I. The Great White Throne Judgment and Eternity Future
• How does Daniel 12:2-3 describe the Resurrection of the Unjust? _He says they are sent away to shame and everlasting contempt._______________________________ How does John describe the Great White Throne Judgment in Revelation 20:11—15? Does anyone escape this judgment? What is the end of everyone who stands at this judgment? _The judgment consists of every person who has ever lived and rejected God. Every person is resurrected, judged, and condemned to the Lake of Fire forever. There are no exceptions, and nobody gets away._______________ John then goes on to describe the Restoration of All Things in Revelation 21. Can you briefly describe what will happen? _God will make all things new, and the New Jerusalem will come down, providing habitation for God’s People in Eternity.__________________________________ John then describes Eternity in Revelation 22. What stands out to you most about Eternity Future? What will be the greatest or best thing in Eternity Future? ________ _________________________________________________

GWT and Eternity Future
Following the Millennium, the wicked dead shall be judged at the Great White Throne and shall be condemned to everlasting conscious punishment in the Lake of Fire. The righteous in Christ shall be in eternal conscious blessedness in the presence of the Lord in the New Heaven and the New Earth.

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