THE

1965
TABLE OF CONTENTS
VOLUME XI 1965
Title Issue Date Page
The Road Ahead 1 Jan. 4 1
Congo Tragedy 2 Jan. 11 9
What Are We Doing In Vietnam? 3 Jan. 18 17
Nationalizing Education 4 Jan. 25 25
Metropolitan Government 5 Feb. 1 33
Communist Student Riots 6 Feb. 8 41
The Great Society 7 Feb. 15 49
Civil Rights Or Civil War? 8 Feb. 22 57
Social Security 9 Mar. 1 65
How Long Can We Last? 10 Mar. 8 73
Agriculture At Bay 11 Mar. 15 81
Earl Warren Court--Part I 12 Mar. 22 89
Earl Warren Court--Part II 13 Mar. 29 97
Earl Warren Court--Part III 14 Apr. 5 105
�ar1 Warren Court--Part IV 15 Apr. 12 113
Through The Looking G1as s 16 ,Apr. 19 121
Deliver Up Our Arms 17 Apr. 26 129
Immigration Problem 18 May 3 137
TABLE OF CONTENTS
VOLUME XI ÷ 1965
Title Issue Date Page
Voting Rights Bill 19 May 10 145
The Dominican Republic 20 May 17 153
Our Labor Laws 21 May 24 161
First Roll Calls, 1965 22 May 31 169
The Fruits Of Liberalism 23 June 7 177
Second Roll Calls, 1965 24 June 14 185
President Johnson's Two Wars 25 June 21 193
America's Promise 26

June 29 201
Toward a Socialist Dictatorship 27 July 5 209
The Right To Work 28 July 12 217
Government Guaranteed Security 29 July 19 225
Big Brother 30 July 26 233
Third Roll Calls, 1965 31 Aug. 2 241
Death Watch Of The Republic 32 Aug. 9
249
Embracing The Enemy We Fight 33 Aug. 16 257
The Horror Now Upon Us
34 Aug. 23 265
Fourth Roll Calls, 1965 35 Aug. 30 273
Power Politics
36 Sept. 6 281
TABLE OF CONTENTS
VOLUME XI 1965
Title Issue
South Africa 37
The Civil Rights Of Perry Smaw 38
Communizing America 39
Power Hungry Bureaucrats 40
Treason Or Madness 41
Communist-Socialist Tactics 42
The Education Cartel 43
Key To Freedom 44
Fifth Roll Calls, 1965 45
Peace, Peace--When There Is No Peace 46
The America We Lost 47
The Blackout And The Power Grid 48
The Hope Of The World
49
The Remnant
50
Voting Records, 1965 51
Insanity In Washington
52
Date Page
Sept. 13 289
Sept. 20 297
Sept. 27 305
Oct. 4 313
Oct. 11 321
Oct. 18 329
Oct. 25 337
Nov. 1 345
Nov. 8 353
Nov. 15 361
Nov. 22 369
Nov. 29 37 7
Dec. 6 385
Dec. 13 393
Dec. 20 401
Dec. 27 409
·
´
ÏMË
1t1 Smoot Re,o,t
Vol. 1 1 , No. 1 (Broadcast 489) January 4, 1 965 Dallas, Texas
DAN SMOOT
THE ROAD AHEAD
Jhe rules by which the U. S. House of Representatives and the U. S. Senate operate give the
public important protection. They slow down the legislative process. While in committee, a pro­
posed bill can be exhaustively investigated, and the investigators are relatively free from intense
pressures to rush the measure through. Holding a bill in committee, for hearings and other studies,
gives the people a chance to learn about it, discuss it, and communicate their opinions to Congress.
Under existing rules, it is possible for one committee chairman or for a small group of legislators
to delay a piece of legislation which a majority of Congress seems to approve; but if there is
enough demand for the bill, it can be pried out of committee and brought before the House or
Senate for debate and vote. The harm which might occasionally be done by a minority of leg­
islators who delay a bill in committee is infnitely less than the damage that will be done if our
national Congress becomes a legislative mill where bills approved by a majority can be rushed
through easily by majority action.
The danger of hasty legislation has always been great. In our age, it is frightening. Totalitar­
ian liberals are in control of all executive agencies; they have a majority in both Houses of Con­
gress; they control most communications media. They have so long been in power, and have so
long ignored constitutional limitations, that they now assume the power to do anything which
the President and a majority of Congress desire.
A strong or popular President can easily control a majority of the Congress, especially a Con­
gress elected in a presidential election year when legislators were swept into ofce on the Presi­
dent's political "coattails." If not checked by procedural rules which enforce delay and give time
for thought, deliberation, and public reaction, a President can become a dictator, commanding
quick, rubber-stamp congressional approval for anything the administration wants.
That danger confronts us in l º:· as never before. When President John F. Kennedy was
i�augurated in lº:l, he thought a majority of Congress would approve his new-frontier pro­
grams. Yet, he knew that conservatives on key committees could efect delays. President Kennedy
THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, a magazine published every week by The Dan Smot Report, Inc., mail­
ing address P. O. Box 9538, Lakewo Station, Dallas, Texas 75214; Telephone TAylor 1-2303 (office
address 6441 Gaston Avenue) . Subscription rates: $1 0.00 a year, $6.00 for 6 months, $18.00 for two years.
For frst class mail $12.50 a year; by airmail ( including APO and FPO) $14.50 a year. Reprints of specifc
issues: 1 copy for 25¢; 6 for $1 .00; 50 for $5.50; 1 00 for $I O.OO-each price for bulk mailing to one person.
Add 2% sales tax on all orders originating in Texas for Texas deliver.
Copyright by Dan Smoot, 1965. Second class mail privilege authorized at Dallas, Texas.
No Reproductions Permitted.
Page 1
ceaaocec t|at aea|e:s||µ o| t|e |aµo:taot
Hoaseka|es Coaa|ttee|eeo|a:gec sot|atoew·
|:oot|e: |||e:a|swoa|c |ave a aaj o:|ty oo |t. ßy
t|e aost ext:ao:c|oa:y ase oí execet|ve µowe:
(t|:eateo|og soae keµ:eseotat|ves w|t| |oss o|
gove:oaeotsµeoc|og|ot|e|: c|st:|cts, µ:oa|s|og
ot|e:s|oc:easecsµeoc|og,wa:o|og|oca| |as|oess·
aeoo||osso|gove:oaeotcoot:acts ||t|e|:keµ·
:eseotat|ve c|c oot vote ¨:|g|t¨ oo t|e ka|es
Coaa|tteeµ:oµosa| , , t|eKeooecyaca|o|st:at|oo
c|c |o:cet|eHoasetoµac|t|eka|esCoaa|ttee
w|t||||e:a|s,ea:|y|oiº:i. (1)
Yet, t|eHoaseaaoagectostoµaac|o|P:es|·
ceotKeooecys aajo: |eg|s|at|veµ:og:aa. P:es|
ceot jo|osoo, |oweve: (|y aµµea| to eaot|oos
:ecaest|ogaµµ:ova| o|oew·|:oot|e:|eg|s|at|oo as
a t:||ate to t|e ¨aa:ty:ec P:es|ceot¨ , , µas|ec
t|:oag| Coog:ess soae |eg|s|at|oo w||c|, µ:|o:
to t|e assass|oat|oo, aµµea:ec to |aveoo c|aoce
o| eoactaeot. Nooet|e|ess, aaoy Keooecy·)o|o·
sooµ:oµosa|swe:esta||ec|yt|eººt|Coog:ess.(2)
1 ||s.ea:,|||e:a|sa:ecete:a|oecto¨:e|o:a¨
t|e Coog:ess, c|aog|og :a|es aoc µ:oceca:es so
t|at t|e |eg|s|at|ve |oc|es w||| ca|c||y aµµ:ove
aoyµ:oµosa|aace|yaP:es|ceotw|oseµo||t|ca|
µa:ty|as a aajo:|ty |oHoase aoc :eoate.
L. :.keµ:eseotat|vek|c|a:cßo|||og ( m|ssoa:|
Deaoc:at, |as |eeo t|e oo|s|est acvocate o| :e-
|o:as,|att|eg:oaocwo:|was|a|caoct|eµ|ao·
o|og cooe |y:|e |ov|s|||egove:oaeot.
l:oa Ccto|e: 29 t|:oag| Novea|e: i , l º:!,
t|e Aae:|cao Assea||y stac|ec t|e µ:o||ea o|
coog:ess|ooa| :e|o:as, cooc|ac|og t|at.
"If the Congress is to perform . . . well,
ways must be found to strengthen the elected lead­
ership in the House and Senate - chiefly the
Speaker and the foor leaders - and through
that leadership to assure that the majority senti­
ment of the Congress is efectively expressed. In­
dividuals or miporities in the legislature must
not be permitted to frustrate the will of the ma­
j ority, whether in a standing committee or in one
or both of the houses. "( 3)
1|eAae:|cao Assea||ywas|oaocec |o 1950
by General Dwight D. Eisenhower, then President
o|Co|aa||aLo|ve:s|ty. It|ssoaet|aesca||ect|e
A:ceoHoaseG:oaµ,|ecaase|t|o|cssea|·aooaa|
aeet|ogs at A:ceo Hoase |o Ha::|aao, New
Yo:|.( 3
)
It |s aoaooac|a| a:a o| t|e Coaoc|| oo
lo:e|goke|at|oost|ecoot:o|ceote: o|ao|ote:·
|oc||ogoetwo:|o|o:gao|zat|oos w||c|coost|tate
t|e|ov|s|||egove:oaeoto|t|eLo|tec:tates.(4)
He:e a:e a |ev o| t|e coog:ess|ooa| :e|o:as
w||c| t|e |ov|s|||e gove:oaeots Aae:|cao As·
sea||y:ecoaaeocs,aocw||c|coog:ess|ooa||||·
e:a|swaot.
- A petition bearing the signatures of the
Speaker of the House and of 1 50 other Repre­
sentatives should be enough to force any bill out
of any House Committee. A discharge petition
now requires 21 8 signatures (a majority of the
House membership) . The new rule, if adopted,
will enable a minority, when supported by the
Speaker, to force legislation to the foor of the
House for a vote before others have had a chance
to study it fully.
- "The Rules Committee of the House must
be at all times an instrument of the leadership
of the House. To this end, the Speaker might be
restored to his position as chairman of the Com­
mittee. Alternatively, he might be given author­
ity in each Congress to appoint its majority mem­
bers, including the chairman. At a minimum, the
Speaker of the House should be empowered to
call up . . . any bill which the Committee on
Rules has failed to act [on] for 2 1 calendar
days." Years ago, the Speaker of the House had
these extraordinary powers, and he became an
autocrat who could defy the will of the whole
Congress. Liberals now want autocratic powers
restored so that the Speaker can rig the House
of Representatives as a rubber-stamp machine
for the Executive.
- The Senate majority leader should be au­
thorized to ofer a motion designating any bill
"major legislation," thus requiring the committee
to which it is assigned to report it to the Senate
foor within 30 days.
- Senate rules which permit unlimited debate
(flibuster) should be changed so that the polit­
ical party which has a majority can easily stop
debate on any bill and force a vote when the
majority pleases.
- At present, when a bill passed by one house
of Congress is diferent from a version of the same
bill passed by the other house, the bill must go
to a conference committee (composed of legis­
lators from both houses) for changes to eliminate
Page 2
all diferences, before the bill can be enacted in
fnal form and sent to the President for signature.
Many controversial bills die because the confer­
ence committee cannot agree to necessary changes.
The American Assembly wants House and Senate
rules changed so that a majority of every con­
ference committee shall consist of legislators on
record as favoring the legislation.
- The American Assembly wants members of
the House elected for four-year (instead of the
present two-year) terms, the elections to be held in
presidential election years. It would take a consti­
tutional amendment to make this change. If it
were made, it would have disastrous conse­
quences. With relatively few exceptions in our
history, a House of Representatives elected in a
presidential election year is an "administration"
House - a majority of whose members ran on
the party ticket with the President, politically
pledged to support his programs. America des­
perately needs an opposition Congress - one
which will oppose the totalitarianism of a Presi­
dent. Our best chance to elect an opposition Con­
gress comes in of-year congressional elections,
not overshadowed and dominated by the presi­
dential contest. ( 3)
A ûg|t |o: coog:ess|ooa| :e|o:a, a|oog | |oes
sµec|ûec|y t|e |ov|s|||egove:oaeot,|s |||e|yto
|eaaoogt|eû:staajo:|eg|s|at|ve|at:|es|olº:·.
I| tota||ta:|ao |||e:a|s w|o t|at |att|e, t|ey aay
c:aa t|:oag| t|e µ:eseot Coog:ess aaoy ot|e:
oa|ooas µ:oµosa|s .
RIGHT-lO-WORK.
T|eWagoe: Act o| i º··
aat|o:|zec t|e c|osec s|oµw||c| aeaos, | o
esseoce, t|at t|e |ece:a| gove:oaeo: aat|o:|zes
aoooµol|st|cao|oos to |o:ceeaµ|oyeeso|aoo:-
gao|zec coaµaoy to j o|o a ao|oo aoc µay caes,
w|et|e:eaµ|oye:s aoc eaµ|oyees |||e |to: oot
T|e Ta|t·Ha:t|ey Act o| iº!: (w||c| aaeocec
t|e Wagoe: Act, oat|awec t|e c|osec s|oµ, aa-
t|o:|zec t|e ao|oo s|oµ T|at was oo |aµ:ove-
aeot Cosed shop aeaosacoaµaoyaastoot||:e
aoeaµ|oyeeaot||after |ej o|ost|eao|oo. Union
shop aeaosacoaµaoyaay||:eaooo·ao|ooµe:-
soo,|at|eaastj o|ot|eao|oo (o:|eû:ec, a|te:
|egoesto wo:|.
G:ow|og:eseotaeoto|sac|coaµa|so:yao|oo·
|sa,oot|eµa:to|v|ct|a|zecwo:|e:saoco|t|e
pabiic,s:icai+:eccec+ucsie:s:+:e:.g|:-:o·ve:|
lawslawsw||c|µ:ov|cet|atoe|t|e:ao|oosoo:
aaoageaeotcao|o:cewo:|e:stoj o|o,o:ootj o|o,
a ao|oo Tweoty :tates oow|avesac| |aws(5)
:tate :|g|t·to·wo:| |aws co oot cooû|ct w|t|
|ece:a| |aw, |ecaase :ect|oo i!ß o| t|e Ta|t·
Ha:t|eyActc|cootµ:e·eaµt|o:t|e|ece:a|gov·
e:oaeot exc|as|ve aat|o:|ty to |eg|s|ate |o t||s
ûe|c Lo|ooac|a|s,aoct|e|:sµo|esaeo|oCoo·
g:ess, |ave|oogca||ec:ect|oo i!ß a ¨|ooµ·|o|e¨
aoc |ave ceaaocec |ts :eµea| Ha|e:: Haa·
µ|:ey sAae:|caos|o:Deaoc:at|cAct|ooaoct|e
Deaoc:at Pa:ty |tse|| a:e oµµosec to i !ß. (7)
keµea| o| t||s :|g|t·to·wo:| sect|oo o| t|e Ta|t
Ha:t|ey Act was a µ|ao| |o t|e l º:c Deaoc:at
Pa:ty µ|at|o:a, |at P:es|ceot Keooecy aace oo
eûo:tto :eµea|
keµea|wasaµ|ao|| ot|e l º:!Deaoc:atµ|at-
|o:a,aocao|oooac|a|soowseeacooûceott|at
:ect|oo i!ß w||||e :eµea|ec aoc a|| :tate :|g|t·
to·wo:| |aws a|o||s|ec w|t||o t|e oext two
yea:s
(6)
T||st|g|teo|ogo|||gao|oo|sa sst:aog|e·
|o|c aµoo t|e oat|oos ecoooay aay occa:,(8) | |
l ||e:a|s sacceec |o :eo:gao|z|og t|e Coog:ess
aoc | | t|e µa|||c :eaa|os s||eot aoc |oc|ue:eot.
OUR MONETARY SYSTEM. Da:|ogt|el º:!
µ:es|ceot|a| caaµa|go, P:es|ceot )o|osoo µ:oa-
|seca ¨|:aga| |acget¨ tota||og |esst|ao icc |||-
||ooco||a:s|o:t|el º:·ûsca|yea: Heµ:oa|sec
|a:t|e: tax :ecact|oos, toget|e: w|t| |oc:easec
sµeoc|og |ocoooect|oow|t|||s aot|·µove:tyµ:o-
g:aas. lt| sest|aatect|att|eoet:esa|tw||||ea
|ece:a| ceûc|t o| at |east º ª |||||oo co||a:s |o:
asca| l º:· ' 1||s w||| |a:t|e: |oüate oa: |a1|y
|oûatec ca::eocy aoc cec:ease cooûceoce |o t|e
sta||||ty o| t|e co||a: W|eo cooûceoce |o t|e
Aae:|cao co||a: |s cest:oyec, oa:co||a:sw||||e
wo:t||ess.
Aae:|cao|o:e|goa|cµ:og:aas-c:a|o|ogaoo-
ey oat o| t|e Aae:|cao ecoooay, to |a||c | o
|o:e|go |aocs coaae:c|a| aoc |ocast:|a| eote:·
µ:|ses w||c| coaµete w|t| oa: owo|ave g|veo
t|eLo|tec:tates ao ao|avo:a||e |a|aoce o| µay-
aeotseve:yyea: |o:seve:a| yea:s Ioacc|t|ooto
g|v|ogawayaooeyaocgoocs a|:oac, Aae:|caos
aoc t|e|: gove:oaeot sµeoc ao:e |o: |o:elgo
geecs+ucse:vices:|+oio:eigoe:sspeocio:oa:s
T||saeaost|at|o:e|gogove:oaeots accaaalate,
Page 3
t|ao|s to oa: |a:gess, a sa:µ|as o| Aae:|cao co|·
|a:sao:e co||a:st|aot|eysµeoc|o:Aae:|cao
goocsaocse:v|ces.T|eycaoµ:eseott|e|:Aae:|·
caoco||a:stot|eL: T:easa:yaocceaaocµay·
aeot |ogo|ca µ:|v||ege ceo|ec Aae:|cao c|t|-
zeos. As|o:e|goe:st|as¨cas||o¨ t|e|:Aae:|cao
co||a:s, oa:aooeta:ygo|c:ese:ves|:|o|s. It|as
|eeo s|:|o||og, at a caoge:oas :ate, eve: s|oce
oa: |o:e|go·a|c µ:og:aas µat oa: oat|oo |o t|e
µos|t|oo o| µoa:|og oat to |o:e|goe:s ao:e t|ao
|t ta|es |o. ( 1
0
)
Atµ:eseot, oa: go|c :ese:ve tota|s l · . · |||||oo
co||a:sa :eco:c |ow. C| t|at aaoaot, l ª :|||·
| |ooco||a:s|s, |y|aw,|oao¨aoc|o:µ||e, ¨w|e:e
|taast|e |eµtto saµµo:toa:coaest|cca::eocy.
T||s|eavesl . º|||||ooco||a:so|oa:go|c:ese:ve
|o t|e so·ca||ec ¨|:ee µ||e,¨ to aeet a|| |o:e|go
c|a|asw||c| tota| ao:e t|ao 27 |||||oo co|
|a:s(11) I| t|e:e s|oa|c |e ao|ote:oat|ooa| ¨:ao¨
oooa:go|c:ese:ve|||o:e|goe:s|o|c|ogAae
,
| ·
caoco||a:s,o:s|o:t·te:aAae:|caoseca:|t|escoo·
ve:t|||e|oto co||a:s, we:eto ceaaocµayaeot|o
go|coa: oat|oo woa|c |e |ao|:aµt, aoa||e to
:eceea|tsowoca::eocy|e|c|y|o:e|goe:sC|aos
woa|c :esa|t.
Is t|e:e caoge: t|at soae |o:e|go oat|ooaay
sta:t a ¨:ao oo t|e Aae:|cao go|c :ese:ve :
C|a:|es ce Gaa||e, P:es|ceot o| l:aoce, coos|s-
teot|yaotagoo|st|ctowa:c t|e µ:eseot µo||c|es o|
t|e Lo|tec :tates gove:oaeot, coot:o|s eooag|
¨sa:µ|as¨ Aaer|cao co||a:stow|µeoatt|e ¨|:ee
µ||e¨o|go|c|ooa::ese:ve.(12) maoyot|e:oat|oos
|ost||e to t|e Lo|tec :tates coa|c|| t|ey coa·
||oec t|e|: ¨sa:µ|as¨ co||a:st|:ow t|e Lo|tec
:tates |oto |ao|:aµtcy |y ceaaoc|og ao:e go|c
t|ao t|e L : 1:easa:y |as |o :ese:ve to aeet
|o:e|go c|a|as.
1 |e:e | s ao o|v|oas so|at|oo to t||s c:|t|ca|
µ:o||ea. 1|e Lo|tec :tates gove:oaeot s|oa|c
stoµ a|| |o:e|go·a|c µ:og:aas, stoµ wo:|cw|ce
sµeoc|og|o:ce|eoseo|ot|e:oat|oos, aoce||a|·
oatea||aocoost|tat|ooa| coaest|c speoc|og. T||s
woa|cµe:a|ts|a:µtax:ecact|oow|t|oatc:eat|og
a |ece:al ceñc|t. 1|e gove:oaeo: s.oalc :eµeal
a|||a|o:| awsw||c|g|veaoooµo||st|cao|oost|e
µowe: to |oûate µ:ocact|oo costs kecacec taxes
aoc:ecacecµ:ocact|oocostswoa|ceoa||eAae:|·
cao|ocast:|estocoaµetew|t||o:e|go|ocast:|es,
aoc woa|cstoµt|eû|g|to|go|c, j o|s, aoc |ac·
to:|esto|o:e|go|aocs.1||s,toget|e:w|t|eoc|og
t|e |o:e|go g|veaway, woa|c c:eate a |avo:a||e
|a|aoceo|µayaeotsaoceoa||easto accaaa|ate
a go|c :ese:ve acecaate |o: oa: aooeta:y oeecs
Iosteaco|t||so|v|oas:eaecy,oa:gove:oaeot
|as soag|t |eg|s|at|oo w||c| woa|c µ:ov|ce a
|:|e| stoµ·gaµ aga|ost t|e c|saste: o| ao |ote:oa·
t|ooa| :ao oo oa:go|c saµµ|y, |at w||c| woa|c.
|ot|eeoc,aa|eaatte:s |oao|te|ywo:se
1|e Keooecy aca|o|st:at|oo t:|ec aosaccess·
|a||ytoget a |aw to e||a|oate t|e ¨aoc|o: µ||e¨
|ooa:go|c:ese:veaa|ea||o|oa:go|c:ese:ve
ava||a||etoaeet |o:e|go c|a|as, |eav|ogoooeto
|ac|oa:coaest|cca::eocy.Ve:y| ||e|y,P:es|ceot
jo|osoo w||| ceaaoc sac| a |aw.( 1
3) He aayget
|t, | | Coog:ess |s :eo:gao|zec as tota||ta:|ao |||·
e:a|sµ|ao.
I| Coog:ess coes aat|o:|ze e||a|oat|oo o| oa:
coaest|c go|c :ese:ve, oa: ca::eocy w||| |e :e·
cacec to ûat aooey, t|e |ast aooeta:y stage
:eac|ec|ya||ot|e: aajo:c|v|||zat|oos |o ||sto:y
|e|o:e ecoooa|c co||aµse aoc |ovas|oo |y |a:·
|a:|aos( 14)
FASCIST CONTROLS.
CoNovea|e::·, l º:!,
t|e L. : lece:a| Coaaao|cat|oos Coaa|ss|oo
o:ce:ec te|eµ|ooe coaµao|es to :ecace |oog c|s·
taoce te|eµ|ooe :ates si cc a||||oo |y Aµ:|| l ,
l º:· . A sµo|esaao |o: Aae:|caoTe|eµ|ooeaoc
Te|eg:aµ| sa| c.
"The Commission has now insisted on rate
reductions larger than we think j ustifed at this
time. This insistence, in our belief, is out of step
with the government's efort to encourage eco­
nomic growth.
"We have agreed to the reductions, how­
ever . . . . "(15)
T|e|o||ow|ogµa:ag:aµ||s|:oat|eDecea|e:
22, l º:!, |ssae o|National Review Bulletin:
"In the last month or two President Johnson
has 'persuaded' the steel industry to forgo a price
rise . . . and, by a variety of hints, requests, and
Page 4
threats, has moved the banking men to cancel
their announced hike in lending rates . . . .
Though the wishes of the Imperial Czar of all
the Russias never received more . . . slavish obedi·
ence, all it takes nowadays is a couple of phone
calls."
Gove:oaeota| coot:o| o| aajo: |ocast:|es, |y
t|:eatsaocµ:oaises,aoc|yaca|oist:ativeact|oos
o| :ega|ato:y ageoc|es, |s ao acaµtatioo o| t|e
|asc|sttec|o|cae|o:ac||ev|ogoat|ooa| socia|isa.
Coaaao|stscooûscateiocast:|esaoc:aot|eaas
gove:oaeot·owoecesta||is|aeotslasc|sts|e|tt|e
owoe:s||µo|iocast:|esioµ:ivate|aocs,|at:ega-
|atec t|ei:oµe:atioos to sa|tt|e c|ctato:.
T|oag| |:aag|t w|t| caoge: to t|e |ata:e o|
|:eecoa, t|e lCC s |asc|st-sty|e |ote:veot|oo io
t|eµ:ivate|asioesso|te|eµ|ooecoaµaoiesis|a:
|ess s|go|ûcaot t|ao t||s |ece:a| ageocys |||ega|,
|atsa|t|e,coot:o|sove:t|e|:oaccast|og|ocast:y.
Day|ycay,t|eso·ca||ecla|:oessDoct:|oeo|t|e
lCCis|e|ogasecto s||eoce|:oaccast|ogw|ic|
iss|a:µ|yc:|tica|o|t|eaca|oist:atiooioµowe:.
myowote|ev|s|oo|:oaccast,|o:exaaµ|e, |soow
||ac|·|a||eceveo|oDa||as (w|e:et|e|:oaccast
wasoo|o:yea:sw|t|oatcaasiogaoyt:oa||e |o:
|:oaccast stat|ooo: sµooso:s, . T|e :easoo? Da|-
|asTVstat|ooowoe:s say t|at t|e lCClai:oess
Doct:ioe woa|c sa|j ect t|ea to |a:assaeot, | |
t|eyµ:eseotecay|:oaccast T||ss|taat|ooex|sts
|oa|| µa:tso|t|eoat|oo, aocissteaci|yg:ow|og
wo:se.
(16)
I| tota|ita:|ao |||e:a|scao:eaove a|| coose:va·
tives|:oat|eaec|ao|aasscoaaao|catioo,aoc
i|t|eycao:eo:gaoizet|eLoitec:tates Coog:ess
iotoa :a||e:·staaµ aac|ioe |o:t|e )o|osoo ac-
a|oist:atioo,t|e:ew||||eooo|stac|esiot|eµat|
o|t|esocia||st:evo|atioo.
PANAMA CANAL.
P:|o:to lºcª, t|eIst|aas
o|Paoaaawasaµ:ovioceo|Co|oa|ia.T|e:evo·
|at|oo w||c| seµa:atec Paoaaa |:oa Co|oa|ia
was |a|:icatec |y a New Yo:| |awye: aoc ûve
aa|itioas aeo io Paoaaa, t|:ee o| w|oa we:e
Loitec :tates c|t|zeos. T|ese µ:ivate Aae:icaos,
|ac|ec |y t|e Lo.tec :tatesgove:oaeot, c:eatec
the nation of Panama io l ºcª. ·
·
'
Att|attiae, Paoaaa ( a|aoco|c|:ooicµo|iti·
ca||osta|||i:y,owoec|ya|ewwea|t|y |aa|l|es,
was t|e µest|o|e o| t|e wo:|c. £ve:y v|:a|eot
t:oµ|ca| c|sease cooce|va||e |ac to |e cooqae:ec
|e|o:ewecoa|c w:eoc|wo:t||ess |aoc |:oa t|e
vo:ac|oasj avso|asteaa|ogj aog|eaoccoove:tit
iotoaa|g|tywate:wayto|| |ts||¡sove:t|e|ec·
:oc|o|t|ecootioeota|civ|ce.mi||iooso|Aae:|·
caoco||a:saocaaoy||veso|cec|catecAae:|caos
weot |oto t|at caa| a|:ac|eo|sao|tat|ooaoc eo-
g|oee:|og.(17)
Noot|e:oat|ooo:coa|ioat|ooo|oatiooscoa|c
|ave|a||tt|ePaoaaaCaoa| w|t|oatt|eLoitec
:tates , aocoooegaveasaoy|e|µ T|ekeµa|||c
o|Paoaaawasootaµa:toe:iot|ePaoaaaCaoa|
eote:µ:|se. s|e was ae:e|y t|e µ:ioc|µa| |eoe-
ûc|a:y.
(17)
Paoaaaw|t| oo iovestaeot, aoc w|t| oo :e-
sµoos|||||ty |o: oµe:at|og, aa|otaio|og aoc ce-
|eoc|og t|e Caoa|gets aost o|t|e µ:oût |:oa
|ts oµe:at|oo T|e µay:o|| o| t|e Paoaaa Caoa|
Coaµaoy|sa|oat52 a||||ooco||a:sayea: most
o|t|at|ssµeotioPaoaaa,tot|e|eoeûto|Paoa-
aao|aos.
(
17) Io accitioo to a|| e|se, t|e Lo|tec
:tates ( sioce l º!:, |asg|veoPaoaaaao:et|ao
121 ai||iooco||a:s|oc|:ect|o:eigoaic.
(
1
0)
l:oat|ecayt|ekeµa|||co|Paoaaawas|o:o,
|e: ecoooay |as :evo|vec a:oaoc |eoeûts µ:o-
v|cec|yt|eLoitec:tates.He:µo|it|ca|ioceµeoc-
eoce aoc a||ita:y seca:ity aoc t|e |ea|t| o||e:
µeoµ|e ceµeoc ooas.
(17)
Ca:t:eataeoto|Paoaaa|asalways |eeoaag-
oaoiaoas Ca: oo|y c|sse:v|ce to t|at oat|oo |as
:esa|tec|:oaoa:gove:oaeot seûo:ts,siocel ºª:,
to coaµ|y wit| oat:ageoas ceaaocs o| Paoa-
aao|ao µo||t|ciaost|as eocoa:agiog t|ea to
|eeµt|ei:oatioo |ota:ao||, aa||og |tµ:oûta||e
|o: t|ea to µ|ay µo||tics w|t| t|e ¨yao|ee·
|aµe:|a||sa¨ µ:oµagaoca o| coaaaoisa.
Io oa: l ºcª t:eaty w|t| t|e oew keµa||ic o|
Paoaaa, we c|c oot lease t|e Paoaaa Caoa|
zooe.

·
··
We bought t|e Zooe a teo-ai|e-wice st:|µ
ac:osst|eIst|aas, |:oat|eAt|aotictot|ePaciûc
-for 10 a¦||iooco||a:sp|asagaa:aoteecaooaitv.
T|eaooa|tywasootarental |ee.itwasagaa:aotee
Pae 5
oi :eveoae to |eeµ t|e Paoaaao|ao gove:oaeot
al|ve.Weacqa|:ec|allowoe:s||µaocsove:e|goty,
|y g:aot |o µe:µeta|ty, aa||og t|e Caoal zooe
Lo|tec :tates te::|to:y io:eve:.
(
1
7
)
·a::eoce:|og oa: owoe:s||µ o| t|e Paoaaa
Caoal, oa: sove:e|got· |ot|e Caoal zooe, o:aoy
µo:t|oooioa:coot:olove:t|eZooeaoct|eCaoal
woalc |e a |et:ayal o|oa: oat|oo, eca|valeot to
g|v|og away aoyot|e:µa:t oi oa:oat|ooal te::|·
to:yYet,P:es|ceot)o|osoo|asaoooaocecµlaos
tosa::eoce:oa:|ote:ests|oPaoaaa.
CoDecea|e: lº, l º:+, t|e P:es|ceot sa|c t|e
Lo|tec :tates |s :eacy to oegot|ate a oew t:eaty,
w||c|w||lg|vePaoaaasove:e|gotyove:t|eCaoal
zooe. T|e P:es|ceot sa|c we w|ll t:y to o|ta|o
µe:a|ss|oo to |a|lc aoot|e: caoal soaew|e:e
(e|t|e:t|:oag| Paoaaao:t|:oag| aoot|e:Ceo·
t:alAae:|caooat|oo, .T|eoewt:eatyw|t|Paoa·
aa w|ll :eaa|o |o eûect aot|l t|e oew caoal |s
ûo|s|ec Att|at t|ae, aµµa:eotly, wew|lla|ao·
coot|e Caoal zooe altoget|e: aoc g|ve Paoaaa
t|eCaoal aoc all o|oa:ot|e: µ:oµe:ty t|e:e.
(18)
£veot|oag|l||e:alsaay:|gt|eoewCoog:e·s
tosa|tt|e|:µa:µoses,|t|sµ:o|a|let|att|eAae:·
|cao µeoµle cao µ:o||||t t|e sa::eoce: oi oa:
oat|ooal |ooo:, sove:e|goty, aoc µ:oµe:ty |o t|e
Paoaaa Caoal||t|eyw|llleteve:yaea|e:o|
Coog:ess |oow t|at |ew|ll|e|elc accoaota|le
at t|e oext elect|oo
FEDERAL AI D TO EDUCATION.
W|eo lec·
e:al tax aooe· |ecoaes t|e µ:|oc|µal soa:ce o|
|ocoae |o:sc|oolsaoc colleges o|Aae:|ca, oa:
ecacat|ooal |ost|tat|oos w|ll |ecoae |ococt:|oa·
t|ooceote:s, coot:ollec|y µol|t|c|aos aoc|a:eaa
c:atsw|oc|sµeoset|etaxaooey. Awa:eo|t||s,
t|eµeoµle|o:aloogt|aest:oogly:es|stec|ece:al
a|ctoecacat|oo A s|go|ûcaot wea|eo|og o|t||s
:es|staoceaoc a |:ea|t|:oag| |o: acvocates o|
|ece:alcoot:olo|ecacat|oocaae|o lº·ºw|eo
t|eL|seo|owe:aca|o|st:at|oos|ece:al·a|c·to·eca-
cat|ooµ:oµosalswe:ecallect|eNational Defense
Lcacat|ooAct. T|e:ov|ets|aclaaoc|ec:µato||
t|eyea: |e|o:e Aae:|cao µ:oµooeots o| |ece:al
aid to education made almost as much propaganda
ase o| :µato|| ast|e:ov|ets c|c. T|elaaoc||og
wasc|tecasev|ceocet|atAae:|caoecacat.oowas
lagg|og,aoct|atlac|o||aocswast|ecaase,oa:
¨sa:v|val¨ceµeocecoo|aµ:ov|ogecacat|oow|t|
vast oatlays o| |ece:al tax aooey'(19)
Iceot||y|og |ece:al a|c to ecacat|oo w|t| oa·
t|ooal ce|eose was saccess|al T|e Nat|ooal De·
|eoseLcacat|ooActo|l º¯ºt|eû:st:eallycoa·
µ:e|eos|ve |ece:al·a|c·to·ecacat|oo ||ll eve: eo·
actecweott|:oag|Coog:ess:at|e:eas|ly. :|oce
t|eo, oew a|c to ecacat|oo µ:og:aas |ave |eeo
accec, |asec oo t|eNational Defense Lcacat|oo
Acto|lº·º.
£xµeoc|ta:eso|t|e|ece:alCaceo|Lcacat|oo
we:e s:ºl, º¯c,ccc. cc io: t|e ûscal yea: eoc|og
)aoeªc, i º´+T|eººt|Coog:essao:et|ao coa-
|lec t|at aaoaot ( |oc:eas|og |t to sl ,+ºº, l+º,-
+· · .cc, |o:t|e ca::eot ûscal ·ea:.
(2D)
T|e ººt|
Coog:essc|coot,|oweve:, eoacttwoaajo:Keo·
oecy·)o|osooaca|o|st:at|ooµ:oµosals . ( l , c|:ect
a|c to µa|l|c sc|ools , aoc ( : , iece:al loaos o:
sc|ola:s||µstoaoce:g:acaatecollegestaceots.
(2¸20)
P:es|ceot )o|osoo |s exµectec to :eqaest acc|
t|ooal|ece:ala|c·to·ecacat|ooleg|slat|oo. I|Coo·
g:ess cao |e :eo:gao|zec to oµe:ate as a µl|a|le
tooloit|eP:es|ceotaoc||µa|l|c:es|staoce coes
oot|a:ceo, ecacat|ooal|ost|tat|oosoit|eLo|tec
:tatesaay|esa|j ectectototalcoot:ol|yWas|·
|ogtoo |a:ea.c:ats |e|o:e t|e oext elect|oo.
FI REARMS CONTROL. T|e assass|oat|oo o|
P:es|ceot)o|ol Keooecyµ:ec|µ|tateca :as|o|
ceaaocs |o:ao:est:|ogeot |ece:al û:ea:as coo·
t:ol T|ese ceaaocs |goo:ec t|e µ:o|oaocly·|a·
µo:taotµ:|oc|µleo|l||e:t·|ovolvec|ot|ata:t|cle
o|t|e ß|llo|k|g|ts ( :ecooc Aaeocaeot to t|e
Coost|tat|oo, w||c| o:ce:s t|e |ece:al gove:o·
aeot oot to |o|:|oge t|e :|g|t o| t|e µeoµle to
|eeµ aoc |ea: a:as T|ey |goo:ec t|e |act t|at
ex|st|og |ece:al leg|slat|oo |o t||s ûelc|as |a|lec
.oaccoaµl|s||tsstatecµa:µoseT|ey|goo:ect|e
|actt|atst:|ogeotgao·coot:ollaws, w||le|a:ass·
|og aoca|:|cg|ogt|e :|g|ts o| law·a||c|og c|t|-
zeos,oeve:µ:eveotc:|a|oals|:oagett|ogceacly
weaµoos.
Some of the i ´+ ¡.o¡osals |o:|ece:ali:ea:as
coot:ol we:e so oat:ageoas t|at t|ey :eûectec
Page 6
e|t|e: s|oc||og staµ|c|ty o: s|o|ste: µa:µose.
(21)
Nooe was eoactec, |at, t||s yea:, t|e:e |s g:ave
caoge: t|at P:es|ceot )o|osoo aay saccessia||y
saµµo:t:est:|ct|ve û:ea:as·coot:o| |eg|s|at|oo
FARM PROGRAMS. T|e µo||t|ca| a:gaaeot
w||c| |as |ocacec Coog:ess to ¨aat|o:|ze,¨ aoc
t|eµa|||ctoµayio:, a|| iece:a|ag:|ca|ta:a|µ:o-
g:aas (s|ocet|eywe:eû:st |o|t|atec |ycoaaa-
o|sts |o t|e Heo:y Wa||ace Deµa:taeot oiAg:|-
ca|ta:eca:|ogt|eû:staca|o|st:at|oooil:ao|||o
D. kooseve|t,( 22) wast|eoecess|tyoisav|ogsaa||
iaa||y·s|zeia:as|oAae:|ca.ßatt|eiece:a|µ:o-
g:aas a:ee||a|oat|ogsaa||, |oceµeoceot Aae:|-
caoia:as
Io l ºªº. w|eo t|e µoµa|at|oo oi t|e Lo|tec
:tateswasl :ºa||||oo,t|e:ewe:e7 a||||ooia:as
|a:o|s||ogeaµ|oyaeot|o: l ª a||||ooAae:|caos.
Io l º:!, w|t| t|e µoµa|at|oo a|oat lºc a||||oo,
t|e:e a:e ª¹· a||||oo ia:as, |a:o|s||og eaµ|oy-
aeot |o: ¯ a||||oo Aae:|caos
(
2
8
)
lece:a| sa|s|c|es eo:|c| t|e oµe:ato:s oi ||g
ia:a|ogsyoc|cates,wea|t|yµ:oaote:s.|aocsµeca·
| ato:s, aoc c|s|ooest oµe:ato:s |||e ß||||e :o|
£stes.
(
2
3
)
ßy µay|og ||g oµe:ato:s to µ:ocace sa:µ|ases
w||c| t|e Coaaoc|ty C:ec|t Co:µo:at|oo |ays
aoc |o|cs|osto:age, t|e iece:a| gove:oaeot ce-
st:oys t|e |:ee aa:|et |o: ag:|ca|ta:a| coaaoc|-
t|es. T||s, µ|as ty:aoo|ca|coot:o|s|aµosec|yt|e
Deµa:taeot o| Ag:|ca|ta:e aa|es |t |aµoss|||e
io:saa|||a:ae:stooµe:ateµ:oûta||yasi:eeaeo.
:o,aaoy saa|| ia:ae:sa:eaov|ogtoc|t|es, ta:o-
|og t|e|: ia:as ove: to ||g syoc|cates aoc µ:o·
aote:s, w|oµ:osµe:,ootoot|e|aoc, |atootax
aooey.( 23)
ßatas|go|ûcaotoaa|e:w|||oot|eavet|e|aoc
T|ey |ave t|e st|û·oec|ec coa:age oi µ|ooee:s
w|o cooqae:ec t|e g:eat West. T|ey w|l| oot
µ|ac|c|y sa::eoce: t|e|: |e:|tage o| |:eecoa
Aga|ostt|eseaeo,t|eoa|ecµowe:oigove:o-
aeot|as|eeoasec|a:s||y. T||swasµa:t|ca|a:|y
t:ae oi w|eat |a:ae:s |etveeo lº·! aoc lº:·
when compulsory federal acreage contr!ls were
|o eñect.
Iomay, lº:ª,Aae:|caow|eatia:ae:svotec|o
a :eie:eocaa toa|o||s| coaµa|so:y ac:eage coo-
t:o|, cesµ|te Keooecy·aca|o|st:at|oo t|:eats t|at
v|eatµ:|cesaµµo:tsvoa|c|e|ove:ec c|sast:oas·
|, | |t|e |a:ae:s :eµac|atec coot:o|s :|oce t|eo,
t|eKeooecy·)o|osooaca|o·st:at|oo|ascoot|oaec
t|e o|c co::aµt, cost|y,ag:|ca|ta:a| µ:og:aas, |at
|asµ:oµosecoot||ogoew. P:es|ce.t)o|osoo|as
g|veo oo |oc|cat|oo oi w|at |e aay µ:oµose |o
lº:·.
T|e:e| sst:oogseot|aeott|:oag|oatt|ecoao-
t:y to get t|e gove:oaeot oat oi t|e |a:a|og
|as|oess.(24) T||s |sa gooc yea: io:t|eµa|||cto
eocoa:age coose:vat|ve |eg|s|ato:s to :eµea| t|e
Ag:|ca|ta:a|Acj astaeotActo|i ºªº aoca|o||s|
a|| |ece:a| |a:a µ:og:aas.
IMMI GRATION. T|e ºº·| Coog:ess coos|c·
e:ec, |atoeve:votecoo,va:|oasµ:oµosa|sto:e-
vaaµoa: |aa|g:at|oo |aws. T|e l º:!Deaoc:at
Pa:tyP|atio:aµ:oa|secto|||e:a||zet|e|aws.(25)
P:oµosec c|aoges woa|c aca|t |o:ces oi oew
|aa|g:aotsi:oaa||ove:t|ewo:|c-to|oteos|iy
oa::ac|a|µ:o||ea,toswe||t|ewe|ia:e:o||s,aoc
to coaµ||cate µ:o||eas oi aoeaµ|oyaeot aoc
ove:µoµa|at|oo, w||c| oa: oata:a| µoµa|at|oo
g:owt| |as a|:eacy aace se:|oas.
(
2
6)
Ii P:es|ceot )o|osoo t:|es to |eeµ ||s µa:ty's
µ|ecge,t|ecoaot:yw||||ecooi:ootecw|t||a:a-
ia| |aa|g:at|oo µ:oµosa|s |o l º:· .
MEDICARE.
Lve: s|ocet|e:oc|a|:eca:|t·Act
was µassec |o l ºª:, |||e:a|s |ave t:|ec to acc
aec|ca|·ca:eµ:ov|s|oosto|t.T||sµ:oµosa| ( oow
ca||ec medicare) woa|c soc|a||ze t|e aec|ca|
µ:oiess|oo.
(
2
1) P:es|ceot )o|osoo |a||ec to µas|
aaec|ca:e||||t|:oag|Coog:ess |astyea:"' Coe
o|stac|e was L :. keµ:eseotat|ve W|||a: D.
m|||s ( A:|aosas Deaoc:at, , C|a|:aao o| t|e
Hoase Ways aoc meaos Coaa|ttee.
P:es|ceot)o|osoo |as aace aec|ca:ea aaj o:
o|j ect|ve|o:lº:·aoc,aµµa:eot|y,|ascooew|at
was oeecec to |:ea| keµ:eseotat|ve H|||s' :e·
s|staoce. m|||soow says |e w||| saµµo:t a aec|-
care program administered through the social
seca:|tysystea, |i|t|sûoaocec|yaoew,sepa:ate
Page 7
µay:oll tax, aoc oot ûoaocec |y soc|al seca:|ty
µay:oll taxes
( 28)
Coose:vat|vess|oalcaa|e|teaµ|at|callyclea:
t|at eve:yaea|e: oi Coog:ess w|ll ee |elc ac·
coaota|le |o t|e oext elect|oo io: t|e way |e
votes oo aec|ca:e t||s yea:
WORLD COURT. T|e)o|osoo aca|o|st:at|oo
w|ll t:y to :eµeal t|e Coooally kese:vat|oo |o
lº:· T||sw:alcg|vet|eWo:lcCoa:tj a:|sc|c
t|ooove: Aae:|cao |ote:oalaûa|:s Coose:vat|ves
s|oalc see to |t t|at eve:y Lo|tec ·tates ·eoato:
:ece|ves a|ll|oos oi lette:s ceaaoc|og t|at t|e
Coooally kese:vat|oo |e :eta|oec( 29)
HOUSE COMMITTEE ON UN·AMERICAN
ACTIVITI ES.
lo: aaoy yea:s, coaaao|sts aoc
l||e:als|aveceaaocect|ea|ol|t|oooit|eHoase
Coaa|tteeooLo·Aae:|caoAct|v|t|es C||eiµ:o·
µooeot oi HCLA a|ol|t|oo |o t|e Hoase |as
eeeoL · keµ:eseotat|ve )aaeskoosevelt ( Cal-
|io:o|a D.aoc:at, , w|o |as aoooaocec ||s cao·
c|cacy io: aayo: oi Los Aogeles.
T||s yea:, L · keµ:eseotat|ve )o|o V L|oc·
say ( New Yo:| keµa|l|cao, aoc aea|e: oi t|e
Coaoc|l oo lo:e|go kelat|oos, says |e w|ll |o·
t:ocace a ||ll to aeol|s| t|e HCLA |y µlac|og
|taoce:t|eHoase)ac|c|a:yCoaa|ttee,( 3
0
) w|ose
C|a|:aao, New Yo:| Deaoc:at £aaoael Celle:,
|as |eeo assoc|atec w|t| aaoy coaaao|st·i:oot
o:gao|zat|oos( 31)
What To Do
F :oa t|e oµeo|og |attle ove: coog:ess|ooal
:eo:gao|zat|oo |o l º:· to elect|oo cay |o i º::,
Aae:|cao coost|tat|ooal coose:vat|ves s|oalc co
t|e|: ataost to a:oase aoc |oio:a t|e geoe:al
µa|l|c aoc to let Coog:ess |oow t|at coost|ta·
t|ooal coose:vat|sa |s t|e st:oogest s|ogle µol|t·
|calio:ce|o t|eLo|tec·tates tocay.
FOOTNOTES
(1 ) Editorial by Arthur Krock, The New York Times, February 2,
1 961 ; Time magazine, February 3, 1961, p. 1 6; February 10,
1961, p. 14; February 17, 1961, p. 1 1
(2) "What Congress Did, " What Congress Didn't Do," Congres­
sional Quarterly Weekly Report, October 9, 1964, pp. 2371-86
(3) The Congress and Americas Future: RepoH of the Twellty-Slxtb
American Assembly, Columbia University, November, 1964,
17 pp.
(4) For details on the American Assembly and its connections with
the Council on Foreign Relations, see pp. 144-6 of The Invisible
Government by Dan Smoot; price: $1 .00 pocketsize, $2. 00 paper­
bound, $4.00 clothback.
( 5 ) The twenty States having right-to-work laws are Alabama,
Arkansas, Arizona, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas,
Mississippi, Nebraska, Nevada, North Carolina, North Dakota,
South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia,
and Wyoming.
(6) "Administration Faces Hurdle Over Right-To-Work Q
u
estion,"
by Ri chard Wilson, The Dallas Morning News, December 1 5,
1964, Sec. 4, p. 14
(7 ) For details on various stands taken by Americans for Democratic
Action, see this Report, "ADA, Morality, Security," October
26, 1964*.
(8 ) Information on labor union activities can be found i n three
Rep01'1S: "COPE, " April 6, 1964, "Union Terrorism," April 1 3,
1964, "Union Officials: Above And Beyond The Law," April
20, 1964*.
(9) "When The First Bills Come In For The 'Great Society' . - . "
U. S. News & World Report, December 7, 1964, p. 1 1 5
( 1 0 ) For further information o n foreign aid, see this Report,
"Foreign Aid Is Killing America," October 2 1 , 1963*.
(ll) Monetary Notes, The Economists' National Committee on
Monetary Policy, 79 Madison Ave., New York City 1 001 6,
December 1, 1964, p. 4; Citizens F01·eiflz Aid Commillee News­
letter, Volume IV, No. 30, August 19, 1963; "Short Term
Liabil ities To Foreigners Reported In The United States," Federal
Reserve Bulletin, November, 1964, p. 1 492
( 1 2 ) "Washington Whispers," U. S. News & World Report, De­
cember 21 , 1964, p. 1 7
(13) "Tomorrow; Newsgram," U. S. News & Wo"/d Report, De­
cember 14, 1964, p. 26
( 1 4) Money And Ma1l: A Survey Of Monetary Experience, by Dr.
Elgin Groseclose, Frederic Ungar Publishing Co. , 1 31 East 23rd
St., New York City 1001 0, 1961 edition; price: $5 .00
( 1 5 ) Infonation Bulletin, Southwestern Bell Telephone Company,
Dal l as, November 30, 1964, pp. 1 -2
(1 6) For information on the FCC and the Fairness Doctrine, see this
Report, "The FCC and Fairness," June 29, 1964*.
( 17 ) Details on the history of Panama and the Canal can be found
in two Reports: "Panama - Part I," and "Panama - Part II,"
January 20 and 27, 1964*.
(1 8) UPI dispatch from Washington, The Dallas Times He1'ald, De­
cember 19, 1964, p. 1
(19) Science And Education For National De/ense, Hearings before
the U. S. Senate Committee on Labor and Public Welfare,
March, 1958, 1 602 pp.
(20 ) "88th Congress Doubled Education Funds, More Sought," Con­
gressional Quarterly ll eekly Report, November 27, 1964, p.
275 1
(2 1 ) For details, see this Report, "Federal Firearms Legislation,"
March 1 6, 1964*.
(22) Interlocking Subversion In Govet'1ment, Report of the U. S.
Senate Internal Security Subcommittee of the Judiciary Com­
mittee, July 30, 1 953, p. 44
(23) For information on the farm problem, see this Report,
"Communizing and Corrupting Agriculture," June 1 1, 1962*.
(24) UPI dispatch from Washington, The Dallas Morning News,
December 16, 1964, Sec. 1 , p. 1 0; "Ellender Rips Into U. S.
Farm Program, " by Tom Milligan, The Dallas Morning News,
December 9, 1 964, Sec. 1 , p. 6
(25) "Complete Text of 1964 Democratic Platform, " Congressional
Quarterly Weekly Report, August 28, 1964, pp. 1991-201 2
(26) For discussion of immigration problems, see this Report,
"Immigration," February 3, 1964*.
(27 ) Details on the medicare program are i n this Report, "Medical
Care Through Social Security," March 9, 1964*.
(28 ) AP story from Washington, The Dallas Times Herald, December
l7, 1 964, p. 5A
(29) For a discussion of the World Court and Johnson's plans for
abolition of the Connally Reservation, see this Report, "Save
The Connally Reservation," December 14, 1964*.
(30 ) "Red Front Uses 100 Scholars Who Signed Anti-HCUA
Petition," by Allan H. Ryskind, Human Events, December 26,
1964, p. 8
(3 1 ) Investigation 0/ Un-American Propafanda Activities in the
United States: Appendix IX, Special (Dies ) Committee on
Un-American Activities, U. S. House of Representatives, 1944,
pp. 362, 603, 764, 776, 1069, 1 085, 1 1 06, 1 172, 1 547, 1 624
* For reprint prices on above l istings, see bottom of page Í.
Pag 8

·
´
ÏMË
Stl Smoot le,ort
Vol. 1 1 , No. 2 (Broadcast 490)
January 1 1 , 1 965 Dallas, Texas
DAN SMOOT
CONGO TRAGE DY
J|e Coogo |s t|e |ea:tlaoc o| t|e vast a|oe:a| wea|t| o| t|e A|:|cao coot|oeot.
Io 1885, a coo|e:eoce o|£a:oµeao µowe:s |o ße:l|o :ecogo|zec K|og Leoµo|c lI o| ße|g.aa
(w|o |ac o:gao|zec exµlo:at|oo aoc ceve|oµaeot act|v|t|es w|t||o A|:|ca, as sove:e|go ove:
t|e Coogo. Co )aly 1, 1885, tae ße|g|ao aooa:cay aoooaocec |o:aat|oo o| t|e Coogo i:ee
:tate.( 1)
Io 1908, a|te: 23 yea:s o| coloo|al :a|e w||c| µ:ocacec :|c| :eveoaes |o |vo:,aoc :a||e:, ßel·
g|aa |o:aally aooexec t|e l:ee :tate as t|e ßelg|ao Coogo(
1)
T|e ßelg|ao Coogo µ:osµe:ec aot|l :eceotly, exµo:t|oga|oat 10 µe:ceoto|t|ewo:lc scoµµe:,
¯cµe:ceoto|t|ewo:lc sco|alt, ºcµe:ceoto|all ge:aao|aa ( |:oa v||c| t:aos|sto:s a:e aace, ,
aoc la:ge qaaot|t|es o| ot|e: µ:ec|oas a|oe:a|s, |oc|ac|og a:ao|aa
lol|ow|ogWo:lcWa: II, t|e:ov|etLo|oo|oteos|ûect|e|ote:oat|ooa|coaaao|stcaaµa|goo|
|at:ec aga|ost £a:oµeao coloo|al µowe:s. Co¬aao|sts|oewt|at||esta|l|s|ecw||te:a|ecoalc
|eel|a|oatec |osac| µlaces as t|e Coogo, c|aos voa|ceosae, g.v|og coaaao|sts ao oµµo:tao|t·
to ta|e ove:. T|e caaµa|go was s|aµ|e. It was easy |o: t:a|oec coaaao|st ag|tato:s to sµ:eac
|at:ec o| tae w||te aao, to |:aoc a|s ecoooa|c ceve|oµaeots as exµ|o|tat|oo, aoc to c:eate ce·
aaoc |o: oat|ooal |oceµeoceoce.
W||le sµa::|og oat|ooa| |st aoveaeots aaoog µ:|a|t|ve µeoµ|e oot yet :eacy |o: oat|ooal |o·
ceµeoceoce, t|e coaaao|sts |oste:ec ao |ote:oat|ooa||st aoveaeot |o c|v|l|zec Weste:o oat|oos.
Coloo|al µeoµles we:e ûl|ec w|t| |at:ec o| w||teexµlo|te:s,aoca:gectoceaaoc|oceµeoceoce
|:oa t|e acvaocec oat|oos. Peoµle |o acvaocec coaot:|es we:e taag|t t|at a|l oat|oos a:e |ote:-
ceµeoceot t|at oo oat|oo cao, o: s|oa|c, aaiota|o |ts oat|ooa| |oceµeoceoce aoc ca|ta:e |o
ta|saoce:owo:lc.
THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, a magazine published every week by The Dan Smoot Report, Inc., mail­
ing address P. O. Box 9538, Lakewod Station, Dallas, Texas 75214; Telephone TAylor 1-2303 ( office
address 6441 Gaston Avenue) . Subscription rates: $1 0.00 a year, $6.00 for 6 months, $18.00 for two years.
For frst class mail $12.50 a year; by airmail ( including APO and FPO) $14.50 a year. Reprints of specifc
issues: 1 copy for 25¢; 6 for $1 .00; 50 for $5.50; 100 for $10.00-each price for bulk mailing to one person.
Add 2% sales tax on all orders originating in Texas for Texas delivery.
Copyright by Dan Smoot, 1965. Second class mail privilege authorized at Dallas, Texas.
No Reproductions Permitted.
Page 9
A|| oi t||s |e|µecaoce:a|oe oat|ooa| µo||c|es
oi g:eat oat|oos |||e t|e Lo|tec :tates, aoc to
aa|ec|v|||zecw||teaeo as|aaec oi, aoc aµo|·
oget|c a|oat, t|e act|v|t|es oi t|e|: oat|oos |o
|ac|wa:c |aocs
T|e Lo|tec Nat|oos iaoct|ooec as a µ:|ae
weaµoo |o t|e :ov|et a:seoa| oi µ:oµagaoca to
c:eate c|aos |oco|oo|a| te::|to:|es P:eteoc|og to
saµµo:tt|e|cea|oi|oceµeoceoceaocse|i·cete:·
a|oat|oo io: a|| µeoµ|es, t|e Lo|tec Nat|oos
|e|µec iao t|e û:es oi |at:ec aga|ost £a:oµeao
co|oo|a| µowe:s. Ca: :tate Deµa:taeot a|so |e·
caae a aajo: a||y oi t|e :ov|ets |o t|e|: ag|ta·
t|oo oi co|oo|a| µeoµ|es t|:oag|oat t|e wo:|c.
1o|tec Nat|oos saµµo:t io: t||s coaaao|st
µ:og:aa|s easyto aoce:staoc, |ecaase, s|ocet|e
|ate lº·c s, t|eLN|as|eeocoa|oatec|yAi:o·
As|ao aoc coaaao|st·||oc oat|oos.
Aae:|cao aot|ves, |oweve:, a:e |ess eas||y ce·
ûoec T|e:e |s a µ|aas|||e t|eo:y t|at ||cceo
coaaao|stsa:est||||ot|e:tateDeµa:taeot ( µos·
s|||y, aeo w|o caae |o yea:s ago w|t| A|ge:
H|ss, o:we:e|:oag|t|o|y||a, .
A aote geoe:a||y·acceµtec t|eo:y |s t|at oa:
|||e:a| |eace:s |ave ceve|oµec a µsyc|oµat||c
seos|t|v|ty a|oat ¨:ace¨ aoc ¨co|oo|a||sa. ¨ T:y·
|og to s|ow t|at t|e Lo|tec :tates |s not ¨aot|·
co|o:ec, ¨aocis opposed toco|oo|a||sa,Aae:|cao
|||e:a|sio||owaµo||cyoisaµµo:t|ogaoyco|o:ec
ag|tato: w|o aoooaoces ||ase|i a |eace: io: oa·
t|ooa| |oceµeoceoce |o Ai:|ca. Desµ|te t|e |o:·
:|||e cooseqaeoces io: t|e Ai:|cao µeoµ|e, we
saµµo:tAi:|caoext:ea|stsaoc aa:ce:e:s, to t|e
cet:|aeot oi £a:oµeao co|oo|a| µowe:s w||c|
a:e saµµosec to |e oa: aajo: a|||es.
mac| oi £a:oµeao co|oo|a||sa w||c| oa:
:tate Deµa:taeot j o|os coaaao|sts |o cooceao·
|og|oteaµe:ate|y c|cag:eatcea|oigoocio:
Ai:|ca. £a:oµeao co|oo|a||sa e||a|oatec s|ave:y
|oAi:|ca. :|ave:y|s:eta:o|og,as£a:oµeaosw|t|·
c:aw. £a:oµeao co|oo|a||sa oµeoec Ai:|ca to
C|:|st|ao a|ss|ooa:y wo:|, |:oag|t t|e û:st aoc
ooly i|gat ot c|v| | |zatioo to tae Da:| Coot|oeot ,
aoc was µ:epa:|og Ai:|cao µoµa|at|ons ÷ w|m
a||sµeec |aaao|y µoss|||e io: geoa|oe |oce·
µeoceoce.
Cot|eot|e:|aoc,Soviet co|oo|a||sa ( ia:ao:e
exteos|ve |o As|a t|ao £a:oµeao co|oo|a||sa |o
Ai:|ca, |as |eeo c|a:acte:|zec |y geooc|ce
µ|aooec aa:ce: oi w|o|e :aces, et|o|c g:oaµs,
ecoooa|cc|asses Iosoae:ov|et·coocae:ec As|ao
oat|oos,aa:ce:wassaµµ|eaeotec|y|ao|s|aeot.
Nat|ve µoµa|at|oos (seot to :||e:|a o: scatte:ec
e|sew|e:e t|:oag| t|e :ov|et eaµ|:e, we:e :e·
µ|acec |ykcss|ao oat|ooa|s, io:cec to aove |oto
t|ecooqae:ec|aocs.
Ca: |||e:a| µo||cy aa|e:s, w|o v|o|eot|y coo·
ceaot|e:e|at|ve|y|eo|go£a:oµeao co|oo|a||sa,
se|coa aeot|oo|a:|a:|c :ov|et co|oo|a||sa.
P
ow|e:e oo ea:t| |as LN ·saµµo:tec coa·
aao|st ag|tat|oo oi co|oo|a| µeoµ|e cooe ao:e
caaage t|ao |ot|e Coogo.
Co )aoe ªc, l º:c, ße|g|aa, aoce: st:oog
Aae:|cao aoc Lo|tec Nat|oos µ:essa:e, :ecog·
o|zec t|e Coogo as ao |oceµeoceot oat|oo.
Co )a|y :, l º:c, Ai:|cao so|c|e:s aat|o|ec
aga|ostt|e|:w||teße|g|ao oace:s D:ao|eo aoc
|e:se:|Ai:|caos:aaµagec|oaoo:gyoiaa:ce:,
aay|ea, :aµe, aoc µ|||age.
Ai:|cao at:oc|t|es ÷ eveo aga|ost t|e ooce·
|ovec w||te a|ss|ooa:|es aoc aec|ca| cocto:s oi
t|e |ote:|o: a:e too |o::|||e to :e|ate.
Iat:|ce Laaaa|a, coaaao|st A|:|cao P:|ae
m|o|ste:oit|eoewcoaot:y, |as|ect|eµ:|a|t|ve
µeoµ|ew|t| ceaagog|c aµµea|s to ||ac| :ac|sa.
He :ewa:cec ||s ||ac| so|c|e:s w|t| µ:oaot|oos,
aoc esta|||s|ec µay :ates (L. :. -sa|s|c|zec, a|·
aostt|:eet|aes ||g|e:t|aoL. :. A:ayµay at
t|et|ae.
T|eße|g|aogove:oaeotseot|ac|seve:a|ao|ts
oiµa:at:ooµe:s to :esto:e o:ce:. Laaaa|aas|ec
io: LNa|||ta:y ass|staoce to µ:otect t|e Coogo
aga|ost ¨ße|g|ao a|||ta:y |ote:veot|oo. ¨
T|eLo|tec :tates too| t|e |eac |o t|e Lo|tec
Nat|oos, to get a LN :eso|at|oo condemning
Belgium and demandin
g
withdrawal of her
t:ooµs.
Page 10
Co )a|y i!, i º:c, t|e LN :eca:|ty Coaoc||
acoµtec a :eso|at|oo ca|||og aµoo t|e ße|g|aos
tow|t|c:aw, aoc aat|o:|z|ogt|e :ec:eta:yGeo·
e:a| to seocLN |ovasiooio:ces|oto t|e Coogo
Co)a|y ì:, iº:c, |eio:ea||w||teswe:eevaca·
atec, t|e û:stLNso|c|e:swe:e sµec |o |yL :.
A|:Io:ceµ|aoes. ße|g|aot:ooµs w|t|c:ewaoce:
û:e.
Da:|og )a|y aoc Aagast, i º:c, |aoc:ecs oi
:ov|et, Czec|, aoc ot|e: coaaao|st·||oc tec|-
o|c|aos a::|vec |o Leoµo|cv|||e. La:ge qaao·|t|es
oi coaaao|st aooey, a:as, µ|aoes, aoc t:ac|s
we:e s||µµect|:oag| :tao|eyv|||eto saµµo:t t|e
Laaaa|a :eg|ae.
DagHaaaa:s|j o|c, t|eo :ec:eta:yGeoe:a| oi
t|e Lo|tec Nat|oos, sa|c t|at t||s :ov|et a|c to
Laaaa|a was |o saµµo:t oi Lo|tec Nat|oos
µo||cy.
T|e Lo|tec :tates gove:oaeot a|so seot a|c
tocoaaao|stLaaaa|a.
Co:eµtea|e:i !,l º:c,Co|ooe|)oseµ|mo|ata
( Coogo|ese A:ay C||ei oi :taû, aoge:ec |y t|e
oµeo coaaao|st a|||ta:y aoc tec|o|ca| saµµo:t
oiLaaaa|aj µ:oc|a|aect|att|eA:aywasta|·
|og ove: t|e coaot:y i:oa Laaaa|a. Co|ooe|
mo|ata t|eo o:ce:ec :ov|et, Czec|, aoc ¨ot|e:
soc|a||st ea|ass|es aoc tec|o|c|aos oat oi t|e
Coogo.
)oseµ| Kasava|a ( P:es|ceot oi t|eCoogo ke
µa|||cj ,aite:|es|tat|oo,saµµo:tecmo|ata sove:-
t|:ow o| P:|ae m|o|ste: Laaa|a, aoc t|e LN
Geoe:a| Assea||y oo Novea|e: ::, l º:c, :ec·
ogo|zec t|e oew Coogo|ese gove:oaeot.
Co Ie|:aa:y 3, lº:i, t|eKeooecy aca|o|st:a-
t|oo aoooaocec saµµo:t oi a Lo|tec Nat|oos
sc|eae to ¨iece:a||ze¨ t|e gove:oaeot oi t|e
Coogo, c|sa:a a|| oµµos|og Coogo|ese iact|oos,
aoc coot:o| t|e coaot:y w|t| LN a|||ta:y io:ce.
Co le|:aa:y º, iº:i , Pat:|ce Laaaa|a, w|t|
two |eoc|aeo, escaµec i:oa t|e|: Coogo|ese
µ:|soo. Co Ie|:aa:y l : , l º:l , a|| t|:ee we:e
||||ec |y |o|a||taots oi a Kataoga v|||age.
Co Aagast ., i º:l, t|e Coogo|ese µa:||aaeot
aµµ:ovecCy:|||eAcoa|a ( asoc|a||stj as P:ea|e:
oi t|e Coogo keµa|||c.(2)
Aoto|oeG|zeoga (acoaaao|st w|o|ac|eeo
t|e |eac oi a µ:ov|s|ooa| gove:oaeot set aµ |y
t|e :ov|ets |o :tao|eyv|||ej c|sso|vec ||s µ:ov|·
s|ooa|gove:oaeotaoc|ecaaeI|:stV|ceP:ea|e:
(Naa|e:Twoaaoj |oAcoa|a s:eg|ae Acoa|a
aµµo|otec £g|ce ßoc|e|y·Dav|csoo (a moscow·
t:a|oec coaaao|stj as c||ei aca|o|st:ato: oi t|e
Kataogaµ:ov|oce.
(
3)
No|se Ts|oa|e -- P:es|ceot oi Kataoga.
aot|·coaaao.st aoc µ:o·weste:o, w|o |ac ce·
c|a:ec Kataoga |oceµeoceot oi t|e Coogo ke·
µa|||c |ecaase oi c|aos aoc coaaao|st coot:o|
|o t|e Coogo :eiasec to :ecogo|ze Acoa|as
:eg.ae
:|oce t|e LN c|a|aec to |e saµµo:t|og t|e
µ:|oc|µ|eoise|i·cete:a|oat|oo aoc |oceµeoceoce
io: co|oo|a| µeoµ|e, Ts|oa|e exµectec t|e LN
to saµµo:t||seiio:t io: Kataogao |oceµeoceoce
Iosteac, t|e Lo|tec Nat|oos c|:ectec |ts eot|:e
a|||ta:y eûo:t against Kataoga, to cest:oy
Ts|oa|eaoc io:ceKataoga|ac||otot|eCoogo
keµa|||c. lo µa:sa|t oi t|e µo||cy oi ¨iece:a||z·
|og¨ t|e Coogo, LN io:ces ( ûoaocec aoc ia||y
saµµo:tec |y t|e Lo|tec :tatesj |oa|ec |osµ|·
ta|s, |oaes, |ocast:|a| µ|aots, aoc sc|oo|s |o
Kataoga LN t:ooµs (w||c| |oc|acec |a:|a:|c
G|a:|as i:oa loc|a aoct:||esaeoi:oa£t||oµa
aoce|sew|e:ej coaa|ttec|ocesc:||a||eat:oc|t|es
aµoowoaeo, c|||c:eo, a|ss|ooa:|es, cocto:s, aoc
ot|e: c|v|||aos |o Kataoga Coogo|ese t:ooµs
( c:aw|og µay at t|e exµeose oi Aae:|cao tax·
µaye:sj :oaaec t|e coaot:y |o |aw|ess, c:ao|eo,
savage |aocs :aµ|og, |||||og, µ|||ag|og.
Io Ie|:aa:y aoc ma:c|, i º::, oa: :tate De-
µa:taeot :ej ectec :eµeatec :eqaests |y P:es|ceot
mo|seTs|oa|eio:µe:a|ss|ootov|s|tt|eLo|tec
:tates Ass|staot :ec:eta:y oi :tate I:ece:|c| G.
Dattoo exµ|a|oec
"Mr. Tshombe's proposed visit . . . . could
seriously delay and even jeopardize implementa­
tion of the agreement . . . to end his secession
and reintegrate the Katanga with the rest of the
Congo. "( 4)
Page 11
Ata|octt|esaaet|ae, |oweve:,t|e:tateDe·
µa:taeotaµµ:ovecav|s|ttot|e Lo|tec :tates|·
Ho|ceo ko|e:to, coaaco|st ag|tato:, :esooos|||e
io:acc|ac:ce: aoc ca:oage |oAi:|ca( 5)
£veotca||·, t|eLNwa:oo|e|a||oit|ecoa·
aco|st·coot:o||ec ceot:a| Coogo|ese gove:oaeot
sccceecec. T|e ooce µ:osµe:ocs aoc o:ce:|·
µ:ov|oce oi Kataoga was cevasta:ec Ho|se
Ts|oa|e |eit ||s cocot:· oo Ha· · l , l º´·, to
avo|c a::est
T|ocg| coaaco|sts we:e so|e |eoeac|a:|es oi
t|e LN Coogo oµe:at|oo, coaaco|st oat|oos :e·
icsecto|e|µµa·io:|t,ceoococ|og|tasAae:|cao
oeo·co|o:|a||saT|eoet:esc|twast|atAae:|cao
taxµa·e:s µa|c µ:act|ca||· a|| costs.
Aite:w|t|c:awa|oiLNt:ooµs|ojcoe, l º´!,
t|eceot:a|Coogo|esegove:oaeotcoc|cootaa|o·
ta|o o:ce: mo|se Ts|oa|e was |ov|tec |ac| to
t|e Coogo to |ecoae I:ea|e:
Co)c|· l : , l º´!,Ts|oa|e|ecaaeI:ea|e:oi
t|eCoogokeµc|||c,w||c||e|ac|eeo ag|t|og
l · aoot|s |eio:e Co Acgcst ¯, l º´!, |twas ao·
oococect|att|eL : :tateDeµa:taeotw||c|
|ac ceo|ec Ts|oa|e aca|ss|oo to t|e Lo|tec
:tatestwo ·ea:s |e|o:e woc|c |octease ¨tec|·
o|ca| a|c to s|o:e cµ I:ea|e: Ho|se Ts|oa|e s
gove:oaeot |ot|eCoogo. ¨''
As sooo as Ts|oa|e too|coot:o|o|t|eceot:a|
gove:oaeot |o )c|·, l º´!, coaaco|sts |oc|tec :e·
|e|||ooaga|ost||a. T|e· µ:ov|cec oa:cot|cs aoc
weaµoostosavages, aµµea||ogto t|e|:||ooc·|cst,
c:g|og t|ea to :aµe, µ|||age, aoc caoo||a||ze
µ:oa|s|og t|ata|| w||tes |ot|eCoogo woc|c|e
|ctc|e:ecloAcgcst, l º´!,:tao|e·v|||e-secooc
|a:gest c|t· |o t|e Coogo, w|t| a µoµc|at|oo oi
·cc,ccc |e|| to l cc :e|e|s w|o c:ove|oto t|e
c|ty |o s|x t:cc|s De|eoc|og gove:oaeot t:ooµs
i|ec, o:gotocto|co||o:aaocj o|oect|ec:owcs
to we|coae t|e :e|e|s.
(
7)
:ee|og t|at ||s ||ac| a:aies woc|coot ûg|t,
Ts|oa|e ||:ec w||te oace:s aoc |ec|o|c|aos,
principal l y º~a||A|:|caos,:oct|k|oces|aos.aoc
ße|g|aos Ts|oa|e s w||te so|c|e:s oca|e:ec
a|oct ·cc, ·et, coaaco|sts aoc |||e:a|s t|:ocg|·
oct t|e wo:|c |ave |a|e|ec ||s entire ag|t|og
|o:ce as ¨ae:ceoa:|es ¨(8)
T|eLo|tecNat|oosa:a·w||c||ac:avagec
t|eCoogo|o:a|aost |oc:·ea:scot|||tcest:o·ec
Ts|oa|es :es|staoce |o Kataoga was t:c|· a
ae:ceoa:· a:a·, coaµosec o| |o:e|goe:s |:ocg|t
to t|e Coogo to ag|t io: ||:e T|e µ:eseot :e|e|
io:cesa:e|oc.tec,eqc|µµec,aoc|ec|·coaaco|st
ae:ceoa:|es.T|eseiactsa:ese|coa, |ieve:,aeo·
t|ooec Co|· Ts|oa|e |s cooceaoec io: ||:|og
¨w||te ae:ceoa:|es, ¨ t|e |aµ||cat|oo |e|og t|at
Ts|oa|e ||:es w||te |ooc|cas to ac:ce: |ooo·
ceot ||ac|s |ot|e Coogo
H· |ateAcgcst, l º´!, :e|e|s |e|caost oit|e
oo:t|e:oµo:t|oooit|eCoogot|ea:eaa:ococ
:tao|e·v|||e Loce: w||te |eace:s||µ, |oweve:,
Ts|oa|esa:a|eswe:e µ:ov|ogeûect|ve, aov|og
oo:t|wa:c, :eta||og te::|to:· |e|c |y :e|e|s
:|o:t|· aite: :tao|e·v|||e ie|| to :e|e|s, L. :
Loce:sec:eta:· oi :tate W. Ave:e|| Ha::|aao
ûew to ß:csse|s to c|sccss w|t| ße|g|ao io:e|go
a|o|ste: Iac|Heo:|·:µaa|t|eµoss|||||t·oioego·
t|at|oostoi:eew||te|ostagesC|:|stoµ|eG|eoye
(t|tc|a: |eac o| t|e :e|e| gove:oaeot |o t|e
Coogo, a|soweottoß:csse|sio:c|sccss|oosw|t|
:µaa|.(9)
T|ocg| |twasev|ceoti:oat|e|eg|oo|ogt|at
oegot|a||ogw|t|coaaco|st:e|e|swaswo:set|ao
ict||e, ße|g|+os aoc Aae:|caos seeaec cow|| ||og
tota|eao·c|:ect:escceact|oo Aµµa:eot|·,|ow·
eve:,t|e·c|cc:geTs|oa|eto|oteos|i·||sc:|ve
oo:t|wa:c, |oµ|og t|at ||s ¨ae:ceoa:|es¨ coc|c
:eta|e :tao|e·v|||e aoc save w||te |ostages(9)
T|eo,aooteoi|o::o:wassococec Io:tao|e·-
v|||e,acoaaco|st·|ec·oct|g:ocµ ceaaocect|e
||ooc oi a|| w||tes |o t|e Coogo co|oowo
oca|e:s o| w|oa we:e |e|og |e|c as |ostages
|o :tao|e·v|||e aoc e|sew|e:e T|e· woc| c |e
to:tc:ec to ceat|, |ctc|e:ec, aoc eateo | i
Ts|oa|e s ¨ae:ceoa:|es¨ coot|ocec t|e|: c:|ve
aga|ost:e|e|s(9)
CoNovea|e: l · , l º´!, |t|ecaae |oowot|at
Page 12
acolaaooiTs|oa|esio:ceswasaov|ogtowa:c
:taoleyv|lle,aeet|ogl|ttleeûect|ve:es|staoce Co
t|at cay, C|:|stoµ|eG|eoye io:aallyaoooaocec
t|at all w||tes woalc |e aa:ce:ec |iTs|oa|es
aa:c| oo :taoleyv|lle coot|oaec. G|eoye sa|c.
"We will make our fetishes [ charms ] with the
hearts of the Americans and Belgians. We will
dress ourselves in the skins of Americans and
Belgians."( 9)
CoNovea|e: l ¯, aoc aga|o ooNovea|e: lº,
ao|soi|lac|savagessa::oaocec|a|lc|ogs|olc·
|og w||te µ:|sooe:s |o :taoleyv|lle, ceaaoc|og
t|e|: |looc, taaot|og t|ea |y cesc:|||og w||c|
µa:ts oi t|e|: |oc|es woalc |e eateo G|eoye
eggec t|e ao|s oo, µ:oa|s|og t|at all w||te
|ostages woalc |e :oastec al|ve aoc eateo, |at
as||ogt|eao|stowa|taot|l|egavet|ewo:c.( 9)
A
ae:|caos aoc ßelg|aos ûoally cec|cec oo
a :escae oµe:at|oo T|ey c|c oot coos|ce: ao at·
teaµtto :escae all w||tes |ot|eCoogo, |ecaase
t|atwoalc ta|e a la:ge·scale laoc oµe:at|oo, |at
µlaooecal|a|teca|ss|oooi:esca|ogt|e|ostages
|o :taoleyv|lle. T|ey c|c oot ta|e Ts|oa|e |oto
t|e|:cooûceoceHewasto|etolcoolyatt|elast
aoaeot.
(
9) Yet, Aae:|cao aoc ßelg|ao omc|als
( seos|t|ve to wo:lc oµ|o|oo, oot|ûec ot|e: Ai·
:|cao oat|oos oi t|e |aµeoc|og act|oo.(10) T||s
was eqa|valeot to tell|og t|e :e|els t|easelves,
s|oceaost ot|e: oat|oos |o |lac| Ai:|ca a:e |os·
t|le to t|e Lo|tec :tates aoc Ts|oa|e, syaµa·
t|et|c towa:c t|e coaaao|st :e|els.
Co Novea|e: :c, l º´!, |t |ecaae geoe:al
|oowlecge |o Ai:|ca t|att|eû:ststageoia ßel·
g|ao·Aae:|cao:escaeoµe:at|oo|ac|egaoAae:·
|caos aoc ßelg|aos t|eo tolcTs|oa|ew|at t|ey
we:e co|og, aoc µe:saacec ||a to w:|te a lette:
oi aµµ:oval(9)
£a:ly |o t|e ao:o|og oi Novea|e: :!, l º´!,
teo Aae:|cao t:aosµo:t µlaoes laocec !cc ßel·
g|ao µa:at:ooµe:s at :taoleyv|lle a|:µo:t Io two
|oa:s t|e µa:at:ooµe:s :eac|ec t|e ceote: oi t|

e
c|ty. T|e :escae oµe:at|oo was se:|oasly |ao�:·
cappec|ecaaset|e|apo:taoteleaeotoisa:µnse
|ac|eeog|veoaway.Asµa:at:ooµe:saµµ:oac|ec,
:e|els |e:cec w||teµ:|sooe:s (aeo, woaeo, aoc
c||lc:eo, |oto t|e st:eets aoc sta:tec s|oot|og
t|ea. T|e ßelg|ao ¡a:at:ooµe:s ioaoc :ª ceac.
:escaec aµµ:ox|aately l ºcc, w|owe:eca::|ec to
saiety|yt|eAae:|caoµlaoes Ioas|a|la:oµe:a·
t|oo |ot|eoea:|ytowo oiPaal|s, :escae:sioaoc
:cw||tes |eateotoceat|, |atsaveca|oat:cc
(
9)
T|eßelg|ao µa:at:ooµe:saoc Aae:|cao µlaoes
w|t|c:ew, eveo |eio:e coaµlet|og t|e|: l|a|tec
a|ss|oooi:esca|ogallw||tes |o:taoleyv|lle. Aµ·
µa:eotly, Aae:|cao aoc ßelg|ao omc|als o:ce:ec
t|e|asty w|t|c:awal, |ecaase oi v|oleot µ:otests
|y coaaao|sts aoc |y t|e leace:s oi |lac| Ai:|·
cao,aocsoaeAs|ao,oat|oosa|oatßelg|ao·Aae:·
|cao ¨|ote:veot|oo¨ |o Coogolese aûa|:s(9)
A|oatoooo oo Novea|e: :!, iº´!, a colaao
oi Ts|oa|es io:ces (coaaaocec |y maj o:
m|c|aelHoa:e,a:oat|Ai:|cao, :eac|ec:taoley·
v|lle, :esca|og a iew ao:e w||tes, c:|v|og :e|els
oatoit|ec|ty.
¡
ollow|og t|e :escae a|ss|oo, |oweve:, coo·
c|t|oosg:ewwo:se:at|e:t|ao|ette:|ot|eCoogo.
Ast|eyea: l º´! eocec, t|eLo|tec :tatesgov·
e:oaeot was µ:ess|og Ts|oa|e to aa|e µeace
w|t| t|e :e|els aoc ta|e t|ea |oto ||s gove:o-
aeot(11) T||s woalc aeao, oi coa:se, sa::eoce:
to t|e coaaao|st·lec savages.
To aaoy o|se:ve:s, sac| a sa::eoce: seeas |o·
ev|ta|le. Note t|e iollow|og µassage i:oa µages
:º·:ºoit|e)aoaa:y!, i º´·, |ssae oi U.s. News
& lP orld Report :
"As the year 1 964 drew to a close, war i the
heart of Africa swelled to international crisis.
"Jet-age airlifts swept men and arms into the
Congo from arsenals near Odessa in Russia, Can­
ton in Red China, and from Tampa, Fla.
"Communist-made arms were still going to sav­
ages some of whom still practice cannibalism.
U.S.-made arms were going to uniformed black
troops who have run amok in the past . ¢ . .
"After pumping half a billion dollars in aid
into the Congo in four years, the U. S. now faces
the danger of a Congo take-over by communists
abetted by African nations leaning on U. S.
aid . . . .
Page 1 3
"French ofcials say privately that 'the more
you intervene the worse things get - let the
Africans solve their own problems.'
"U. S. æ . . is left to decide whether to in­
tervene with force in the Congo or let the heart
of black Africa go to the communists." ( 8)
¡ t aay |e tec|o|ca||y co::ect to say t|at coa·
aco|stsa:e ûoaoc|ogooes|ceo| t|eCoogovar,
v|||e Aae:|c+os ûoaoce t|e ot|e: s|ce ße||oc
t|e tec|o|ca||t|es, |s t|e sta:| t:ct| American
taxpayers are financing, directly Of indirectly, both
sides of the ghastly conflict.
most o|t|e coaaco|st a|||ta:y eqc|µaeot |e·
|ogseotto:e|e|s|ot|eCoogocoaes|:oa£gyµt
A|ge:|a, aoc G|aoa.( 8) A|ge:|a aocG|aoa |ot|
coot:o||e! |y coaaco|st c|ctato:s v|o sµec|a||ze
|o |at:ec o| Aae:|caos , a:e oo t|e Aae:|cao
co|e aoc |ave |eeo s|oce t|ey acqc|:ec ¨oat|oo·
|ooc ¨T|eycoc|cootµoss|||y|escµµ|y|oga:as
|o: coaaco|sts |o t|e Coogo - o: eveo |e |o
ex|steoce to µ:ov|ce |ac|||t|es |o: t|e t:aoss||µ·
aeot o|coaaco|sta:as |:oa e|sev|e:e || |t
ve:eoot|o: Aae:|cao |o:e|go a|c
Aocv|at o| £gyµt ? Ve||·|o|o:ae! o|se:ve:s
say t|at t|e l º·: cocµ |y v||c| Gaaa| A|!e|
Nasse: se|zec µove: |o £gyµt vas µ|aooec aoc
µa:t|y ûoaocec |y t|e Aae:|cao Ceot:a| lote|||·
geoce Ageocy :|oce t|eo, oc: gove:oaeot |as
|o:cecAae:|caotaxµaye:stog|veo:|eocNasse:
aµµ:ox|aate|yooe|||||ooco||a:s¨

lcl º·´, oc:
gove:oaeotsavec£gyµt|:oa|ovas|oo|yl:aoce,
£og|aoc, aoc ls:ae|, t|cs µe:a|tt|og Nasse: to
cooûscate t|e aost va|ca||e µ:oµe:ty |o £gyµt,
t|e :cez Caoa|. Cc: gove:oaeot s µo||cy tova:c
Nasse: |as a|so eococ:agec Aae:.cao |ao|s to
g:aot£gyµt|oaos, ao! Aae:|cao |o!cst:|a| á:as
to se|| £gyµt, oo c:ec|t, vast qcaot|t|es o| |occs·
t:|a|eqc|µaeot.Aae:|caoa|ctoNasse:coot|oces
to ûov, w|||e

Nasse:, a|cs|og aoc v||||y|og
Aae:|caos, oµe:ates as a :ov|et ageot, se:v|og as
ao |ost:caeot o| :ov|et |o:e|go µo||cy

..

lo t|e saae µe:|oc v|eo Aae:|cao taxµaye:s
ve:e |o:cec to give Nasse:ooe |||||oo co||a:s|o
a|c, Nasse: spent a|oct ooe |||||oo co||a:s oo
a|||ta:y eqc|µaeot í:oa t|e :ov.et Lo|oo.
( 1Z)
Hov cao |t|eceo|ec t|at a|||ta:y eqc|µaeot
v||c| Nasse: seocs to coaaco|st :e|e|s |o t|e
Coogo vas |ocg|t |:oa t|e :ov|ets v|t| Aae:·
|cao aooey ?
What The U. S. Shoul d Do
¡ t |s o|v|ocs t|at t|e Lo|tec :tates gove:o·
aeots|oc|cstoµ,immediately, a||a|c |oc|cc|og
¨sa|es¨ o| ag:|cc|tc:a| sc:µ|cses , to all oat|oos
v||c| g|veaoy||oc o|scµµo:t toTs|oa|e seo·
ea|es l| soae o| t|e a|c coaa|ttec to scc| oa·
t|oos |s a|:eacy |o t|e µ|µe||oe aoc caooot |e
stoµµec t|at |s, a|:ea!y |o t|e µ:ocess o| µ:o·
ccct|oo aoc s||µaeot, , |t s|oc|c |e c|ve:tec to
Ts|oa|eCc:gove:oaeots|oc|c|ostaot|yte:a|·
oateaoyove:seas|ovestaeotgca:aoteesv||c|eo·
coc:age Aae:|cao |ao|e:s to |eoc, o: |cs|oess
û:as to g:aot c:ec|t, to oat|oos v||c| |ave :e·
vea|ec |ost|||ty tova:c Ts|oa|e
T|ese steµs s|oc|c |e ta|eo at ooce lo: t|e
|ooge: :co oc: gove:oaeot s|oc|c, o| coc:se,
stoµ as qc|c||y as µoss|||e all |o:e|go a|c aoc
ove:seas·|ovestaeot·gca:aotee µ :og: aas , s|oce
t|ey |ave |eeo |a:a|c| to Aae:|cao |ote:ests
eve:yv|e:e.
:|ac|taoeocs|y v|t| stoµµ|oga||Aae:|cao a|c
to Ts|oa|es eoea|es, ve s|oc|c aooococe oc:
|aaec|ate v|t|c:ava| |:oa |ote:veot|oo, |o aoy
vay, |o A|:|cao aûa|:s
As|ce |:oa t|e|actt|atoc:gove:oaeot |as
oo coost|tct|ooa| act|o:|ty to |ote:veoe, t|e:e |s
oo seose o: |og|c |o oc: eûo:ts to ¨|e|µ¨ t|e
¨eae:g|og oat|oos o| A|:|ca
P:|o:tot|etc:ao||v||c|e:cµtecv|t|t|e:as|
|oceµeoceoce aoveaeots o| t|e i º´cs, µ:|vate,
vo|cota:y eao:ts o| a|ss|ooa:|es µe:|o:aec |c-
aao|ta:|aovo:| |o||ac|A|:|caNov,t|atvo:|
|sa|octtoco||aµseT||s|sooe:esc|to|oc:gov­
ernment's |ote:veot|oo |o A|:|cao aûa|:s.
loc:g|ogaoc|e|µ|og t|eµeoµ|eo|A|:|cato
aca.eve oa:iooa| ioceµeoceoce, oar govern
Page 14
aeot |as ceoe t|ea |oca|cc|a||e |a:c. T|e oet
:esc|t|as|eeo:et:eg:ess|eo|otet|eaestsavage
|a:|a:|sa aaeog µeeµ|e v|e, coce: v||te |o·
1ceoceaoctcte|age,|ac|egcoteacqc|:eaveoee:
e| c|v|||zat|eo.
Cc: geve:oaeot caooet µess|||y ce aoyt||og
te |e|µ t|e µeeµ|e e| A|:|ca. £ve:yt||og |t t:|es
te ce aa|es aatte:s ve:se.
l:ea:|ev|evµe|ote|ec:oat|eoa|secc:|ty, | t
|soeoseose|e:csteve::ya|ectceaaco|ststa|
|ogeve:A|:|ca.V|atvec|cceccco|stscev|t|
A|:|ca ? £veo t|e |:cta| tact|cs e| a ceaaco|s:
µe||ce state caooet ceot:e|, |e: aoy cse|c| µc:·
µese, t|e oat|ves e|A|:|ca.
Ceaaco|stact|v|ty|oA|:|ca|s|e|µ|c|tecea·
aco|sa eo|y as|eog as t|e Lo|tec :tates cao |e
|eµt|ove|vecasv||µµ|og·|eyaocsya|e||e:|o·
ûaa|ogt|e|at:ece|A|:|caos. Coceve a:eect,
A|:|ca cec|c |eceae ao |osc:aecota||e, eveo
c|sast:ecs, µ:e||ea |e:|ote:oat|eoa| ceaaco|sa.
* * * * *
Something You Can Do
Ny vee||y :ac|e aoc te|ev|s|eo |:eaccasts
a:e |:|e|s e|t||s µc|||s|ec Report, ava||a||e |e:
ceaae:c|a| sµeose:s||µ |y :eµcta||e |cs|oess
û:as aoyv|e:e |o t|e Lo|tec :tates. Io teo yea:s
e| |:eaccast|og, ay µ:eg:aas |ave oeve: µ:e·
ve|ec a|avsc|te: aoy et|e: |ega| act|eoaga|ost
ae, a stat|eo, e: a sµeose:.
Yet, |t |as oev |eceae c|acc|t te exµaoc
ay |:eaccast ceve:age, aoc ceve:age I a|:eacy
|ave |s c:y|og cµ, |ecacse |:eaccast stat|eos
aocoetve:|sv|||oetµ:eseotoevsaoa|yzec|:ea
t|ev|evµe|ote|ceost|tct|eoa|ceose:vat|sa.Neoe
e| t|e oetve:|s v||| acceµt ay ceaae:c|a||y·
sµeose:ec |:eaccasts. C|t|es |o t|e ||st|og |e|ev
a:eµ:act|ca||y t|e eo|yeoes|ot|eLo|tec :tates
v|e:e stat|eos v||| acceµt ay |:eaccasts , aoc
seae e| t|e ||stec stat|eos a:e t|:eateo|og te
caoce|.
:tat|eo aaoage:s say t|at ay |:eaccasts sc|·
j ectt|eate|a:assceot|yi||e:a|g:ecµs, |ecacse
e| t|e lCC s se·ca||ec la|:oess Lect:|oe. :eae
cset|ela|:oessLect:|oeasaµ:etext|e:|aoo|og
ceose:vat|ve oevs ceaaeota:y.
At aoy :ate, ceost|tct|eoa| ceose:vat|sc (oet
eo|yay|:eaccast|ctet|e:s , |sg:acca||y |e|og
|ao|s|ec|:eat|eaec|ae|aassceaaco|cat|eo.
V|eoceost|tct|eoa|ceose:vat|vescaooe|eoge:
:eac|t|eµc|||cv|t| t|e t:ct|, |eµe e|:este:|og
ec: keµc|||cv||| |e a|aest geoe.
T||s |saaatte:e| scc| ceeµ s|go|acaoce t|at
I as| yec: |e|µ. I v|s| yec aoc yec: |:|eocs
vec|cv:|te:estat|eosaocsµeose:s||stec|e|ev
t|ao||ogt|ec|e:µ:eseot|ogay|:eaccasts.T||s
v||||e|µae|eeµt|eceve:ageI a|:eacy|ave. I|
aye:eaccas: |s oet eo|o yec: a:ea, t:y teûoc
seae|cs|oessa:at|atv|||sµeose:|tasacve:t|s·
|og. Havet|eû:aceaaco|cate v|t| ae |e: ce·
ta||s.
Ve a|se oeec vast|y |oc:easec :eace:s||µ |e:
t||s µc|||s|ec Re
p
ort. I| yec t||o| t|e Report
|s eûect|ve, t:y te get teo et|e: µeeµ|e te sc|·
sc:||e. I| eve:y µ:eseot sc|sc:||e: v||| ce t|at,
t|e :esc|t|og |aµact eo µc|||c eµ|o|eo, |e: t|e
cacse e| ceost|tct|eoa| ceose:vat|sa, v||| |e
eoe:aecs.
RADIO
Broadcasting' Outlets and Sponsors
o1 the
DAN SMOOT BROADCAST
STATION CÏTY ò STATE SPONSOR ò ADDRESS
WANA -Anniston, Alabama ...... Calhoun Motor Company, 13th at Wilmer
WHHY -Montgomery, Alabama Culver's Pharmacy, 3405 Atlanta Hwy.
Frasier's Restaurant, 3445 Atlanta Highway
KWHN -Fort Smith, Arkansas ... Greer's Copper Kettle, Highway 64·71
East, Van B\ren, Arkansas
Hopper Plumbing Company. Fort Smith, Arkansas
KAWT -Douglas, Arizona . . Dr. Ross Pet Food Company, 817 East 18th,
.
Los Ange}
,
es, Calif. 90021
KCLS -Flagstaff, ArIzona .......................
KIKO -Globe·Miami , Arizona ............... .
KAAA -Kingman, Arizona ......... _________ ..
KTAR -Phoenix, Arizona ____ .....
KTAN -Tucson, Arizona .... ____ .__ _
KYUM -Yuma, Arizona ........................... .
KGEE -Bakersfield, California
KIBS -Bishop, California ...................... .
KPAY -Chico, California ...................... ..
K1CO -EI Centro, Califoria
KRED -Eureka, California ...... ..............
KBIF -Fresno, California ........................
KNGS -Hanford, California _ ... _____ ... _. ___ _
KSOX -Long Beach, California .......... .
KRKD -Los Angeles, California ......... ..
KTRB -Moesto, California .... .
KVIP -Redding, California ................
KACE -Riverside, California ............... .
KGMS -Sacramento, California ...... .
KSBW -Salinas, California .................
KCKC -San Bernardino, California ...
XEMO -San Diego, California .......... .
KFAX -San Francisco, California .......
KEEN -San Jose, California .................. ..
KVEC -San Luis Obispo, California ... .
KIST -Santa Barbara, California ........ = ..
KSRO -Santa Rosa, California ............... .
KMSL -Ukiah, California ...................... ..
KUDU -Ventura, California ............... .
WCNH -Quincy, Florida ................... Munroe's, Inc., East Jefferson Street
WBIE -Marietta, Georgia ¾. P. Stephens Lumber Co., 315 Church Stret
¾¯LL -CUVUDDUH. Georgia .. Stephens Tire Co., 310 Montgomery Street
KTRG -Honolulu Hawaii .............................. . Dr. Ross Pet Food Company
Y11l -|o¡so. Id;ho ..
,.
KTEE -Idaho Falls, Idabo ................~.. ....
KRLC -Lewiston, Idaho ........................... .
KSEI -Pocatello, Idaho .................... .... .
KTFI -Twin Falls, Idabo ............ ................ .
Page 15
WSLM -Salem, Indiana ................======== ........... Williams Lbr. Ñ Constr. Co.
West Market at the Railroad
Hoosier Lime Ñ Stone Co.
WYNK -Baton Rouge, Louisiana ......... ..... Jones Iron Works Õ Paint Sup.
6451 Choctaw Drive
Patterson·Redmond Equip. Co., P. O. Box 1068
WJON -Saint Cloud, Minnesota ........ Multiple Sponsorship ( contact Radio
Station)
WGCM -Gulfport, Mississippi ........... Multiple Sponsorship (contact Radio
Station)
WAML -Laurel, Mississippi.. . ..... Ekes Oi l Company, Teressa Street
KRAM -Las Vegas, Nevada ................ ............... Dr. Ross Pet Food Company
KOLO -Reno, Nevada............................. . ...... Dr. Ross Pet Food Company
KALG -Alamogordo, New Mexico .... ........... The State Furniture Company
810 Tenth Street
KARA -Albuquerque, New Mexico .................. Dr. Ross Pet Food Company
KELR -El Reno, Oklahoma. . ............... Multiple Sponsorship ( contact
KWFS -Eugene, Oregon
KAGI -Grants Pass, Oregon
KAGO -Klamath Falls, Oregon .............. ..
KUMA -Pendleton; Oregon ........ .
KXL -POltland, Oregon ....... .. ..... ______........ __
Radio Station)
.... Dr. Ross Pet Food Company
WBRX -Berwick. Pennsylvania ...... Gay Car Sales, 1892 West Front Street
WCDL -Carbondale, Pennsylvania ................... ..... Bi g Chief Markets, Inc.
WHP -Harrisburg, Pennsylvania ...... E. E. C.
WGCB -Red Lion, Pennsylvania ... .
52-54 North Main Street
l. . Inc. 402�
,
N. Sixth Street
WWBD -Bamberg, South Carolina. ........... G. D. Yarn Farm Supply
Ehrhardt, South Carolina
WMUU -Greenville, South Carolina ............................... Bob Jones University
WSKT -Knoxville. Tennessee ..... Che.-okee Textile Mills, Sevierville. Tenn.
KWKC -Abilene, Texas . ... ................... ..... Libedy Auto Parts, Clyde. Texas
KHEY -EI Paso. Texas ...... .. Dr. Ross Pet Food Company
KRBA -Lufkin, Texas . . ....... Angelina County Lumber Co., Keltys. Texas
KJBC -Midland, Texas........... Service Drug of Midland
North "A" Ñ Scharbauer Dr.
KATQ -Texarkana, Texas ........... Beeson Pharmacy, 2300 New Boston Road
KSL -Salt Lake City, Utah .................. Dr. Ross Pe�
,
Food Company
KSXX -Salt Lake City, Utah ............. .
KONI -Spanish Fork, Utah ........ .
WSBY -Rutland, Vermont . Seven-Up Bottling Company, 114 Main Street
WRGM -Richmond, Virginia . ... American Opinon Library. 108 E. Franklin
KXRO -Aberdeen, Washington ........................... Dr. Ross Pet Food Company
KGMI -Bellingham. Washington ....
³
KVI -Seattle, Washington ...
KGA -Spokane, Washington
KPQ -Wenatchee. Washington ..
KIT -Yakima, Washington
KVOC -Casper, Wyoming .... Arrow Construction Corp" 153 South Fenway,
Ramada Inn, 844 East 20th
TELEVISION
STATION CITY & STATE
KTV A -Anchorage, Alaska ....... .
KTVF -Fairbanks. Alaska ............ ..
KPHO-TV - Phoenix, Arizona .. ..
KGUN-TV -Tucson, Arizona
KIVA-TV -Yuma, Arizona
KBAK-TV -Bakersfield, California
XHBC-TV -Calexico, California ............... .
KHSL-TV -Chico, Califoria ........-. ~..... ..
KIEM -Eureka, California
KATL-TV -Fresno, California .................. ..
KICU-TV -Fresno, California
KCOP-TV -Hollywood, California ....
KTVU -Oakland, California .....
KRCR-TV -Redding, Califoria
KSBW-TV -Salinas. Califoria
XETV -San Diego, California .....
KOVR-TV -Stockton. California ..
KTRG-TV -Honolulu, Hawaii .. ..
KMVI-TV -Wailuku. Maui. Hawaii ..
SPONSOR & ADDRESS
... Dr. Ross Pe� Food Company
KIFI-TV -Idaho Falls. Idaho....... . . .~.....
WPTA-TV -Fort Wayne, Indiana... . . . . Ransburg Electro-Coating Corn.
P. O. Box 88220
WTV -Indianapolis. Indiana ....... .
WFAM-TV -Bloomington, Indiana ......=....
Subscription:
1962 Bound Volume
1 963 Bound Volume
The Invisible Goverment
Clothback
Paperbound
Pocketsize
The Hope Of The World
America's Promise
The Fearless American
(L-P Record Album)
Deacon Larkin's Horse
(L-P Record Album)
¥
6 months - $ 6.00
1 year -$10.00
- $10.00
- $10.00
- $ 4.00
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-$ 1 .00
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- $ 3.98
KPLC-TV -Lake Charles, Louisiana -...............=. »Pak-A-Sak. 1330 Twelfth
Dr. Pepper Bottling Company. 2310 Third
KSLA-TV -Shreveport. Louisiana ............ Pak-A-Sak. 904 Barksdale Blvd.
Bossier City, Louisiana
Seven-Up Bottling Company. 1127 Milam
WPBN-TV -Traverse City, Michigan ............ Multiple Sponsorship ( contact
TV Station)
KRCG-TV -Jefferson City, Missouri... ............. Jefferson City News-Tribune
WCBI-TV -Columbus. Mississippi... ............. Wallace Amusement Co.. Inc.
605 Alabama Street
G Õ H Rexall Drugs. Corner Main Õ Market Sts.
Pete's Restaurant, Highway 8
KULR-TV -Bi l l i ngs, Montana ...................... Dr. Ross Pet Fod Company
KSHO-TV -Las Vegas, Nevada ............==.. __
9
KCRL-TV -Reno, Nevada ........ __............... .
KGGM-TV -Albuquerque. New Mexico ... .
KOCO-TV -Oklahoma City, Oklahoma ..... .......... J. C. Potter Sausage Co.
KTUL-TV -Tulsa. Oklahoma ................... .
D�rant. Oklahoma
KEZI-TV -Eugene. Oregon .. ..........................__.. Dr. Ross Pe�
,
Foo Company
KV AL-TV -Eugene. Oregon ....................... .
KOTI-TV -Klamath Falls. Oregon .......... =
KBES-TV -Medford. Oregon ..................... .
KPTV -Portland, Oregon
WTVK -Knoxville. Tennessee ......__ .. Becky·s Inc »• 501 South Central Ave.
KELP-TV -El Paso, Texas ..... ................... ...... Dl'. Ross Pet Food Company
WOAI-TV -San Antonio. Texas .................... Travis Savings Ñ Loan Assn.
111 West Travis Street
KRGV-TV -Weslaco. Texas . . . The San Juan State Bank. San Juan, Texas
Charlene Apartments. 1122 La Vista Dl' +• McAllen. Texas
Wilson Radio Dispatch Service. 21 Miles North 10th. McAllen. Texas
Newcombe Rexall Pharmacies. 125 West Park. Pharr. Texas
KNDU-TV -Richland, Washington ................ Dr. Ross Pet Food Company
KXLY-TV -Spokane. Washington
"
KTVW -Tacoma, Washington ..... .
KNDO-TV -Yakima. Washington ............=
FOOTNOTES
( 1 ) The Encyclopedia Americana, Volume III, 1961 Edition, pp.
455- 455b
(2) For events i n the Congo through 1961, see Who Killed The
Congo, by Philippa Schuyler, Devin-Adair Company, 2 3 & 2 5
East 26th Street, New York City 10010, 1962, 3 1 0 pp. , price:
$5. 00.
(3) Newark (N. J. ) Star Ledger, September 24, 1961
( 4) Letter from Assistant Secretary of State Frederick G. Dutton to
U. S. Representative Glenard P. Li pscomb (Rep., Calif. ) . dated
March 9, 1962
(5) Africa's Red Hart'est, by Pieter Lessing, The John Day Company,
New York City, 1962, pp. 1 1 -24
(6) Special to the Times from Brussels, by Edward T. O'Toole,
The New York Times, August 8, 1964, pp. 1, 4
(7 ) "Analysis: The Seething Congo," by AP Special Correspondent
Saul Pett, The Dallas Times Herald, December 27, 1964, p.
28A
(8) "As An East-West War Heats Up I n The Congo, " U. S. News
& lJ orld Report, January 4, 1964, pp. 28-9
(9) Article by AP Special Correspondent William 1. Ryan, The
Shrevepo1'l Times, December 20, 1964, p. 4B; and The Dallas
Mornil1g News, December 20, 1964, Sec. 1 , p. 1 1
( 1 0) "Massacre In The Congo - Story Of A Rescue Attempt,"
U. S. News & lJo'-d Repo,·t, December 7, 1964, p. 41
( 1 1 ) AP dispatch from Brussels, The Dallas Times Herald, December
20, 1964, p. 18A
(1 2) "Why Nasser Acts The Way He Does," U. S. News & World
Report, January 4, 1965, pp. 30-1
NAME (Please Print)
STREET ADDRESS
CITY
STATE
ZIP CODE
(Texans Add 2% for Sales Tax)
THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, BOX 95 38, DALLAS, TEXAS 75214 TAYLOR 1- 2303
Page 1 6
·
ÏMË
111 Smoot le,olt
Vol. I I , No. 3 (Broadcast 491 ) January 1 8, 1 965 Dallas, Texas
DAN SMOOT
WHAT ARE WE DOI NG I N VI ETNAM?
¡o ||s :tate·o|·t|e·Lo|oo message. )aoca:y !, l º´·, P:es|ceot Lyocoo ß )o|osoo sa| c
"Why are we there [ Vietnam] ?
"We are there, frst, because a friendly nation has asked us for help against communist aggres­
sion. Ten years ago, we pledged our help. Three presidents have supported that pledge. We will
not break it.
"Second, our own security is tied to the peace of Asia. Twice in one generation we have had to
fght against aggression in the Far East. To ignore aggression would only increase the danger
of a large war.
"Our goal is peace in Southeast Asia."( l)
Letcs :ev|ev oc: As|aova:s |o t|ecacseo|µeace.
·
toAcgcst º, lº!·, s|x cays |e|o:e t|eLo|tec :tates |o:cec jaµaoese sc::eoce:, t|e :ov|et
Lo|oo cec|a:ec va: oo )aµao. CoAcgcst º, t|:ee :ov|et a:a|es aevec |oto maoc|c:|a ( No:t|·
easte:oC||oa,|o:ce:|ogkcss|aaocKo:ea, . :ov|eta:a|es stayec |omaoc|c:|a |ess t|ao a yea:
|oogeoocg|to c|saaot|eaoc :eaovetokcss|aa|| aoce:o |occst:|a| µ|aots, t:aosµo:tat|oo |ac|||·
t|es,ao
]
eve:yt||oge|set|e:ov|etscoc|ccseLc:|og t||sµe:|oc, t|ey setcµ a coaaco|st µcµµet
state |o No::| Ko:ea A|te: st:|µµ|og maoc|c:|a o| a|oct ooe |||||oo co||a:s vo:t| o| ¨va:
|ooty,¨t|e:ov|etsa:aecC||oesecoaaco|stsv|t|caµtc:ec)aµaoeseeqc|µaeot ( aocv|t|Aae:|·
caoeqc|µaeotv||c||ac|eeog|veoto :ov|et:||e:|aoa:a|es,, aoct|ey|e|µeccoaaco|stsscc·
cess|c||y:es|stC||oeseoat|ooa||st|o:cesv||c| C||aog Ka|-s|e| seotto occcµy maoc|c:|a as t|e
:ov|ets v|t|c:ev.(2)
l:oa t|e|: maoc|c:|ao |ase, C||oese coaaco|sts |oteos|ûec t|e|: va: aga|ost C||aog Ka|·
s|e|. To vea|eoLo|tec :tates scµµo:t |o: C||aog, coaaco|sts, aoc t|e|: |||e:a| µ:oµa
x
aoc|sts
|oAae:|ca,c|a|aect|eyve:eoot:ea|coaaco|sts, t:y|ogto cooqce: C||oa-|ctag:a:|ao :e|o:a·
e:s, ae:e|y vaot|og a |a|: s|a:e o| :eµ:eseotat|oo |o C||aog Ka|·s|e|'s gove:oaeot Koov|og
coaaco|sts ve||, C||aog :es|stec ceaaocs |o: a coa||t|oo gove:oaeot, cot| | Geo:ge ma:s|a||
|o:cec||atocoaµ|yT|e:esc|tvascoaaco|stcooqcesto| C||oa |o l º!º.( 3)
THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, a magazine published every week by The Dan Smoot Report, Inc., mail­
ing address P. O. Box 9538, Lakewo Station, Dallas, Texas 75214; Telephone TAylor 1-2303 (office
address 6441 Gaston Avenue) . Subscription rates: $1 0.00 a year, $6.00 for 6 months, $18.00 for two years.
For frst class mail $12.50 a year; by airmail ( including APO and FPO) $14.50 a year. Reprints of specifc
issues: 1 copy for 254; 6 for $1 .00; 50 for $5.50; 100 for $I O.OO-each price for bulk mailing to one person.
´
Add 2% sales tax on all orders originating in Texas for Texas delivery.
Copyright by Dan Smoot, 1965. Second class mail privilege authorized at Dallas, Texas.
No Reproductions Permitted.
Page 17
Co )aoe .!, l º·c, coaaao|sts attac|ec ·oat|
Korea. Pres|ceot Traaao seot Aae:|cao trooµs
to cr|vecoaaao|sts oat o| Ko:ea, aoc to ao||y
t|e oat|oo ( oort| aoc soat|j aocer t|e aot|·
coaaao|stgove:oaeot o|:yogaaok|ee. Was|-
|ogtoo aoc Lo|tec Nat|oos omc|a|coa woa|c
oot, |oweve:, |et Aae:|caos aoc :oat| Koreaos
w|ot|ewar. lo)a|y, lº· ·a|te: ·! .!´Aaer|-
caos|acc|ec''-P:es|ceot£|seo|owe:acceµtec
a Ko:eao ara|st|ce oo teras µ:oµosec |y ¨oea-
tra||st¨ loc|a, |at v|rtaa||y c|ctatec |y coa-
aao|sts
Try|og to restores|atte:ec Aae:|cao µrest|ge,
t|e £|seo|ower aca|o|st:at|oo assertec t|at we
|ac stoµµec coaaao|sts |o Ko:ea, aoc t|at t|ey
rea||zec t|ey coa|c cooqae: oo aore te::|tory |o
As|a. T|eaca|o|st:at|oowas û:aa|oatµ:otect-
|og l:eoc| lococ||oa |:oa coaaao|sts.
lococ||oa|sa|ageµeo|osa|a,µroj ect|ogsoat|·
warc |:oa t|e As|ao aa|o|aoc |oto t|e loc|ao
Cceao aoc t|e :oat| C||oa :ea - coaµr|s|og
ßaraa, ma|aya, :|ogaµo:e, T|a||aoc, Caa|oc|a,
Laos, aoc V|etoaa. T|ose µa:ts o| t|e :eg|oo
w||c| were l:eoc| co|oo|a| µossess|oos we:e
|oowoaslreoc|lococ||oa-aoc|oc|acecV|et-
oaa, Caa|oc|a, aoc Laos.
T|e:e |ac |eeo sµorac|c, |ocec|s|ve gaerr|||a
wa:|are |etweeo lreoc| aoc coaaao|st |o:ces
|o:yea:s, aocwe|ac saµµo:tect|el:eoc|w|t|
a||||ooso|co||a:so| a|c. T|eKo:eaowa:gave
ao|oca|ca|a||e |oost tot|eao:a|e, µ:est|ge, aoc
a|||ta:yst:eogt|o|coaaao|sts|oAs|a. A|te:t|e
Koreao a:a|st|ce, t|e:e|o:e, cooc|t|oos c|aogec
exµ|os|ve|y. Coaaao|stscoove:tecscatte:ecgaer·
:|||a act|oo |oto tota| wa: aga|ost t|e lreoc|.(5)
We coot|oaec a|cto t|e l:eoc|, |at oo may ¯,
l º· !, t|e ga||aot res|staoce o| a saa|| |aoc o|
l:eoc| lore|go Leg|oooa|res was |:o|eo, aoc
L|eo||eoµ|a,t|e|astlreoc|stroog|o|c|ooo:t|-
eroV|etoaa|e||. Cara|ctol:aocewaswastec.
coaaao|sts|accooew|atwe|acµroa|secoeve:
to |et t|ea co.
io t|e |ate saaaer o| l º·!, ao |ote:oat|ooa|
conference at Geneva divided the old French
Lo|oo |oto |oar ¨oat|oos¨ . oeatra| Caa|ocia,
oeat:al Laos, oeat:a| ·oat| V|etoaa, aoc coa-
aao|stNort|V|etoaa.(
6
)
Ao loteroat|ooa| Coot:o| Coaa|ss|oo - coa·
µosec o| reµ:eseotat|ves |roa Caoaca, loc|a, aoc
coaaao|stPo|aocwasg|veot|ej o|o|saµer-
v|s|og t|e t:ace ag:eeaeots. Coaaao|sts |ac
gaer:|||a|aocst|:oag|oatt|earea. Hav|og|eeo
g|veo a||o|No:t| V|etoaa, t|eywere saµµosec
toc|sµe:set|e|::e|e|groaµs |oLaos, Caa|oc|a,
aoc:oat|V|etoaaaoct|eoto:esµectt|e¨oea·
tra||ty¨ o| t|ose t|:ee |oceµeoceot oat|oos
(6)
T|eyoeverc|cc|sµe:set|e|:gae::|||a|aocs,|at
asec t|eato war aga|ost t|e t|:eeoat|oos T|e
lote:oat|ooa|Coot:o|Coaa|ss|oo|goorec,ortac-
|t|yaµµ:ovec,coaaao|stv|o|at|oos.
iol º· · , t|e£|seo|owe:aca|o|st:at|oocec|cec
to aa|e |ts oext staoc aga|ost sµ:eac|og As|ao
coaaao|sa |o Laos - a |aoc|oc|ec, µ:|a|t|ve,
j aog|e ||ogcoa o| a|oat two a||||oo µeoµ|e,
aost|y ||||te:ate. T|e Laot|ao ecoooay weot oo
t|e Aae:|cao co|e. We t:a|oec, eqa|µ¡ec,
c|ot|ec, |oasec, |ec, aocµa|ct|esa|ar|es o|t|e
Laot|aoa:ayaoco|a||Laot|aoµo||ce|o:ces ,aoc
we c|:ect|yûoaocecao:et|ao8°90 o| t|e tota|
c|v|||ao |acget o| t|e goveroaeot o| Laos.(7)
loLecea|er, l º´c,oa:s|ceseeaec, at|ast,to
|e w|oo|og. A stroog aot|·coaaao|st ( P:|oce
ßoao Caaj was t|e µ:ea|e: o| a oew gove:o-
aeot , aoc coaaao|st |o:ces we:e cr|veo |:oa
V|eot|aoe (caµ|ta|o| t|eoat|ooj w|eret|ey|ac
|eeo|ocoot:o||o:aoot|s.T|e:ov|etssaggestec
ao|ote:oat|ooa| coo|e:eoce to ¨sett|e t|e t:oa|| e
|oLaos.¨ ltwaso|v|oast|atcoaaao|stswaotec
tosw|tc|t|ewa:|o:Laos|:oat|e|att|eae|cto
t|ecoo|ereoceta||ew|eret|eaot|·coaaao|st
goveroaeot o| Laos coa|c |e |o:cec to |ora a
coa||t|oo gove:oaeot w|t| coaaao|sts.(7
)
T|eLo|tec :tates :ej ectec t|e :ov|et µroµosa|
|oLecea|e:,l º´c,|atoomarc|.ª, lº´l, P:es|-
ceotKeooecyreversect|eAaer|caoµos|t|oo. lo
l º´laocl º´., Pres|ceotKeooecy' ssµec|a|ea|s-
sarytoLaos ( W. Avere||Harr|aaoj c|c |oLaos
w|atCeorgemars|a|||accooe|oC||oal · yea:s
|e|o:e |o:cec t|e aot|·coaaao|stgoveroaeot
to sa::eoce:cootro|toacoaaao|st·cootro||ecco-
a|itioo. Byt|eeoc o| l º´., Laos wasvi:taa||ya
Page 18
ceaaaoist µaµµet state - |at Aae:icao aic te
Laesceotioaec.(7)
·iaa|taoeeas|y wit| a|aoceoiog t|e ûg|t
agaiostceaaaoisaioLaes. t|eKeooecyacaio-
ist:atieo, ioea:|y i º::, aooeaocec t|atthe staoc
agaiostAsiaoceaaaoisawea|c|eaaceio·eat|
Vietoaa(8) A|||e:ase|Aae:icaoaicwe:eg:eat·
| yioc:easec, aoc t|easaocs e|Aae:icaoai| ita:v
µe:seooe| we:e assigoec te ·eat| Vietoaa as
acvise:s,tec|oiciaos,t:aioe:s.
ßy iº:!, ea: aic te t|atceaot:y |ac c|ia|ec
te a teta| e| ae:e t|ao 3 |i||ieo ce||a:s , we
we:e ceotioaiog te sµeoc ao ave:age e| eoe
ai|||eo, 5 00 t|easaoc ce||a:sa cayeo ea:staoc
agaiost ceaaaoisa t|e:e, ·ec:eta:y e| Le|eose
mcNaaa:a |ac µ:eaisec te increase ea: aic |y
eoe ai||ieo ce||a:s a wee|, we |ac sastaioec
reported |essese|ae:et|ao1 20 Aae:icaos|i||ec
|yeoeayactieo, aocAae:icaoai|ita:yaeoaoc
ciµ|eaatsa|i|e|acceoc|acect|att|ewa:agaiost
ceaaaoisaio·eat|Vietoaacea|coet|eweo(9)
Another Strange War
1||et|ewa:ioKe:ea, t|ewa:io·eat|Viet·
oaa iswagec|:eat|e Aae:icao sicewit| se||·
iaµesec|iaitatieos agaiostprovoking t|e µ:ioc|·
µa| eoea·. Ceaaaoist gae::i||as a:e t

aioec
.
io
ceaaao|st Ne:t| V|etoaa, |· ceaaaost C|aa
aoc t|e·evietLoieo ßy |aoc aoc |y ·evietai:-
|i|t, t:eeµsaocsaµµ||es|:eaNe:t|Vietoaaa:e
aevec iote Laes. l:ea t|ei: sa|e|ases ioLaes,
ceaaaoist gae::|||as |ave a c|e|ce e| |aoc:ecs
e| t:a||s |e: :a|cs ac:ess t|e |e:ce: iote ·eat|
Vietoaa. T|eyte::e:izevi||ages, |icoaµ µeasaots
|e:t:aioiogaocse:viceioceaaaoista:aies,ceo·
ûscatee: cest:e·saµµ|ies aoc eqaiµaeotvita| te
t|eai|ita:yaoctet|ecivi|iaoµeµa|atieoe|·eat|
Vietoaa, |i|| ·eat| Vietoaa t:eeµs ( aoc, w|eo
µessi||e, t|ei: Aae:icao acvise:sj . W|

t|ey
aeet eµµes|t|eo, ceaaaoists:et:eata|eog j

og|e
trails to safety, either in neutral Cambodia or
¨oeat:a|¨ Laes - µ:iv||egec saoctaa:ies w|e:e
Aae:icao µe|icywi| | oet µe:aitt|ea te |e ie|·
| ewec, e: t|ei: saµµ|y|ases attac|ec.
(10)
Car geve:oaeot wi|| oet eveo µe:ait ·eat|
Vietoaaesete :eta||atew|eot|e· a:e û:ec aµeo
|:ea ac:ess t|e Caa|eciao |e:ce:.
(11)
J |eLoitec·tatest:aios,eqaiµs,saµµ|ies, aoc
µayst|esa|a:iese|·eat|Vietoaaai|ita:y|e:ces,
aoc|asaµµ:exiaate|y22,000 e|ea:ewoeñce:s
aocaeose:viogas tec|oiciaos aocacvise:s, aoc
as eµe:ate:s e| Aae:icao eqaiµaeot. C|teo io
t|e t|ic| e| cea|at, Aae:icaos a:e aoce: st:ict
e:ce:s |:eat|ei: ewogeve:oaeot oet te û:e at
t|e ceaaaoist eoeay, ao|ess t|ey a:e û:st û:ec
eo. ·eae e|t|e ûoestAae:icaoai|ita:yeñce:s
a:eassigoec te ·eat| Vietoaa cea|at |e:ces as
acvise:s , |at t|ey cao eo|y acvise. ·eat| Viet·
oaaeseeñce:se|teoigoe:eAae:icaoacvice,wit|
cistast:eas :esa|ts. le: exaaµ|e.
"In one operation, 1 4 American helicopters
were damaged; three Americans were killed and
1 0 were wounded. In that battle, American ad­
visers on the scene pleaded with Vietnamese of­
fcers to attack and seize key positions. The Viet­
namese were urged to close the ring around the
communist guerrillas, to cut of their escape
route. The American advice was ignored. At one
point, a call for aid asking Vietnamese forces to
rescue Americans cut of by the guerrillas went
unheeded. This debacle was only one of several
in a single week."(IO)
·eat| Vietoaa ceaaaoce:s seea :e|actaot te
eogaget|eeoea·iog:eaoccea|atasaowi||·
iogteioûictcasaa|tieseoceaaaoist |e:ces aste
sastaiocasaa|tiest|ease|ves. Heoce,t|ey:e|ytee
aac| eo seµ|isticatec Aae:icao weaµeo:y. T|e
:esa|t is t|a:aaoy|ea|a:caeotse|·eat| Viet·
oaavi||ages,wit|Aae:icaoµ|aoesaocweaµeos,
|i|| ae:e weaeo aoc c|i|c:eo t|ao ceaaaoist
gae::i||as.
(12)
Netet|e|e||ewiog:eaa:|s|y·e|W. ·aoce:s,
U. S. News & World Report staûaea|e: w|e
|asceve:ect|ej aog|ewa:ioVietoaa|e:seve:a|
yea:s.
"In this war, the Conununists always try to
push the civilians into your line of fre so that you
Page 1 9
whack a lot of civilians over the head and they
j oin the communists, too."
"Inevitably, the more Americans you have in
Vietnam, the more weight it gives to the big
argument of the communists-namely, that the
Americans have come to Vietnam to replace the
French, that they want control of this terri­
tory . . . .
"Out in the country, I'm convinced, 80 per
cent of the peasantry doesn't care who rules in
Saigon [ capital of South Vietnam] or Hanoi
[ capital of communist North Vietnam] . They
j ust want to be left alone. They're tired of being
bombed by Government planes, and they're tired
of being assassinated by communist terrorists."(ll)
T|e:e|sg:ov|og|at:eco|Aae:|caost|:ocg|·
octt|e:c:a|a:easo|:oct|V|etoaa CoeAae:|·
cao, a :es|ceot o|seve:a|yea:s, :eµo:tst|atc|||·
c:eo|ot|ev|||ages- v|ocsectovave|aµµ||y
atAae:|caos- oovtc:ot|e|:|ac|sv|eo t|ey
seeAae:|caos. (
1
3)
1 |eAae:|caogove:oaeot s qceas|oess a|oct
¨vo:|coµ|o|oo¨ |asa|so|e|µeccoaaco|saaoc
seve:e|y caaagec t|e aot|·coaaco|st ag|t |o
:oct|V|etoaa.
V|eo t|e Geoeva ag:eeaeot o| 1954 c|v|cec
V|etoaa |oto coaaco|st oo:t| aoc ooo·coaac·
o|st soct|, ßao Da| |ecaae ||og o| :oct| V|et·
oaa,aocNgo D|o| D|ea|ecaaeµ:ea|e:o|||s
oevgove:oaeot. T|e||ogaoc||sµ:ea|e:ve:e
µo||t|ca| eoea|es. K|og ßao Da| |avo:ec l:eoc|
coot:o|o|V|etoaa, D|ea vaotec |oceµeoceoce
Dc:|og :|e scaae: aoc ea:|y actcao o| 195 5,
ßaoDa|aocD|eaeogagec |ooµeocoof|ct. Co
Ccto|e:23, 1955, aoat|ooa|:e|e:eoccavas|e|c
L|ea :ece|vec 98 µe:ceot oivotes cast , aoct|e
||ogvasceµosec(14) T|eAae:|cao::ateDeµa:t·
aeotve|coaec D|ea as t|e oev|eac o|a oev
¨ceaoc:at|c¨ gove:oaeot, aoc gave ||a |||||oos
o| Aae:|cao tax co||a:s. ··
io 1961-62, v|eo t|e Keooecy aca|o|st:at|oo
cec|cec to a|aocoo Laos aoc aa|e |ts staoc
aga|ostcoaaco|sav|t|D|ea|o:oct|V|etoaa,
coaaco|sts (ava:eo| Aae:|cao|||e:a|s att|tcce
aboa: vo:ic op|nion) launched a campaign to
:ep:eseot D|ea as a ||ooc·t||:sty c|ctato: |atec
|y ||s ovo µeoµ|e. ke||g|ocs |:eecoa vas t|e
µ:etext aoc :|e cove: |o: t|e caaµa|go.
Noa|oa| ßccc||sts coaµose |ess t|ao a t||:c
o|t|etota|µoµc|at|ooo|:oct|V|etoaa. C|c:c|·
go|og (t|at|s,µagoca·go|ogj ßccc||stscoaµose
a|oct ooe·|a|| o| ooeµe:ceot o|t|e µoµc|at|oo.
Heoce,coaaco|stst:|ecto|ofaaeßccc||sts|oto
:eseotaeotaga|ost|e|ogao¨oµµ:esseca|oo:|ty. ¨
At t|e saae t|ae, v|t| t|e |e|µ o| gc|||||e |||·
e:a|s, coaaco|stscooveyectot|evo:|ct|e |cea
t|at ßccc||sa vas :|e :e||g|oo o| ¨t|e µeoµ|e¨
|o :oct| V|etoaa aoc t|at D|ea vas t:aaµ||og
oosoaet||og sac:ec to t|e v|o|e µoµc|at|oo. ·
·
·
T:ac|t|ooa| ßccc||sts |o :oct| V|etoaa ve:e
ootta|eo |o|y coaaco|stµ:oµagaoca, |ct t|at
c|c oot aatte:. T||c| T:| Ccaog, |eace: o|ooe
ßccc||stsec: |sa c.ccco|s| H.s|:ot|e:|st|e
|eac o|coaaco|stNo:t|V|etoaa sm|o|st:y o|
t|eiote:|o:,|oc|a:geo|sc|ve:s|oo|o:oct|V|et·
oaa. ·
·
· Ccaogµ:occec a a|oo:|ty o|ßccc||sts
to aoge: aga|ost t|e D|ea gove:oaeot - eveo
ct|||z|ogao o|c ßccc||st cooceµt o| ¨se||·|aao-
|at|oo¨ toaovea|ev|aoat|csto|c:ot|ease|ves
to ceat| |o µc|||c, |o µ:otest aga|ost ¨D|ea|:c·
ta||ty. ¨

.
·
'
Aae:|cao ¨|||e:a|s¨ too| t|e coaaco|st ||oe
aoc :ao v||c v|t| |t. Co Aµ:|| 1 1 , 1962, ao ac
|oThe New York Times (s|goec |y µ:oa|oeot
Aae:|caos , ceoococec t|e D|ea :eg|ae |o: |ts
c:ce|ty. Comay 13, 1962, The New York Times
µc|||s|ec ao a:t|c|e |y ko|e:t T:ca|c|| c:|t|·
c|z|og t|e D|ea :eg|ae as |oeµt aoc |eavy·
|aocec, ||ot|og t|at D|ea vas o|st:cct|og t|e
ag|t aga|ost coaaco|sa, scggest|og t|e µoss|·
||||ty o|a cocµ to ove:t|:ov D|ea Co)aoca:y
18, 1963, The Los Angeles Times µc|||s|ec ao
a:t|c|e|yTec:e||, s|a:µ|yc:|t|c|z|ogt|eD|ea:e·
g|ae, scggest|og t|at aaoy coaaco|st gce::|||as
|o:oct|V|e:oaave:eootcoaaco|sts,|ctae:e·
|yaµa:to|t|e ¨ceaoc:at|coµµos|t|oo¨toD|ea.
Co )aoca:y 19, 1963, The Nation µc|||s|ec ao
a:t|c|e,ca|||ogt|eAae:|cao·scµµo:tecD|eava:
aga|ost coacco|sa a ¨c|:ty, c:ce| va:¨ v||c|
s|oc|cs|oc|t|ecoosc|eoceo|t|eAae:|caoµeo·
ple. On February 5, 1963, t|eWorker (communist
oevsµaµe:pc|||s|ec|oNevYo:|, attac|ect|e
Page 20
Diea gove:oaeot aoc ceaaocec wit|c:awal oi
U. :. sappo:t. Aocsoitweot.
foaaaoist·lec (o: caµecj ßacc|ists stagec
t|ei: û:st µa|lic ceaoost:atioo agaiost Diea at
Haeoomayº, 1963. Dieat:oopswe:eoo|aoc
top:eveotvio|eoce, |atvio|eoce occa::ec. T|e:e
was aoexplosioo, o:gaoû:e, w|ic||illec9 pe:·
soos. T|e Diea gove:oaeot saic its t:oops cic
ootû:et|atacoaaaoistageott|:ewag:eoace
iotot|ec:owc. Coaaaoistsclaiaect|atDieas
so|cie:s |ac waotoo|y û:ec ioto t|e c:owc oi
ceaoost:ato:s. T he New York Times sto:y oo
t|iseveot,t|oag|giviogt|eDieaio:e:µ:etatieo,
aace it clea: t|at t|e Times |elievec t|e coa-
aaoist ve:sioo.(
1
7)
ßyAagast, l º:ª, Caaog (coaaao.stleace:o|
a ßacc|ist sectj |ac coove:tec aaoy ßacc|ist
pagocas ioto coaaaoist ceote:s oi sa|ve:sioo,
espiooage, aoc t:easoo agaiostt|e Diea :egiae.
Co Aagast 21, 1963, Diea cec|a:ec aa:tial law
aoc o:ce:ec :aics oo t|ese coaaaoist st:oog·
|o|cs.(
1
6
)
T|eL.:.:tateDepa:taeotiostaotlyceooaocec
t|e Diea gove:oaeot io: ¨se:ioas :eµ:essive
aeasa:es¨ agaiost ßacc|istst|oag| t|e :aics
we:e coocactec |y specia| police io:ces t:aioec
|y, aoc oo t|e pay:ol| oi, t|e Aae:|cao Ceot:al
Iote|ligeoceAgeocy ( CIAj .
(18)
Heo:y Ca|otLocge ( oew|y aµµoiotec Aa|as-
saco: to :oat| Vietoaa, |at oot sc|ecalec to
a::ive t|e:e aoti| Aagast :ºj :as|ec to :aigoo,
a::iviog oo Aagas: 22. (
1
9) Co Aagast 25,
1963, Locge as|ec t|e CIA to po|| Vietoaaese
geoe:als to see w|ic| ooes we:e :eacy to :evolt
agaiostDiea.(
1
6
)
T|is actioo |y Locge was coo:cioatec wit| a
VoiceoiAae:ica|:oaccast,vi:taal|ycal|iogapoo
t|e ailita:y to ove:t|:ow Diea.(
1
6
)
Co Aagast
26, 1963, t|eVoiceoiAae:ica, ioaoot|e:Asiao
|:oaccast, qaotecaooaaecAae:icaoomcials as
sayiog t|at t|e Loitec :tates gove:oaeot woalc
s|a:µ|y:ecaceaic to :oat|Vietoaa, ao|ess ¨oi·
ûcials :esµoosi|le io: t|e attac|s¨ oo ßacc|ist
µagocas we:e :eaovec. T|e :tate Depa:taeot
saict|eVCA|:oaccastwas ¨ioe::o:¨ ,|atVCA
cic oot|:oaccasta :et:actioo,
(
1
8
)
aoc t|e :tate
Depa:taeotciccatoûecoooaicaicio:ûoaociog
iaµo:ts to :oat| Vietoaaaic w|ic| aaoaotec
to 95 ai||ioo col|a:s a yea:.·`' Co Aagast :º,
1963, aailita:ycoapagaiostDieawasatteaptec,
|at iailec. T|e:e is st:oog eviceocet|at t|is ao·
saccessia|coapwaso:gaoizecaocci:ectec|yt|e
U. :. £a|assy io :aigoo w|e:e Heo:y Ca|ot
Locgewasioc|a:ge.(
1
9
, 21)
Co :eptea|e: 2, 1963, P:esiceotKeooecy ( io
a oatioowice te|evisioo |:oaccastj s|a:p|y c:iti-
cizec t|eDiea:egiaeio: ¨:ep:essioos¨ oißac·
c|ists, wa:oiog t|at t|e gove:oaeot oi :oat|
Vietoaa aast |ave a c|aoge oi µoliciesaoc
¨pe:soooe|. ¨ ··' The New York Times ( ûe:cely
opposectoDiea, aoc i:ieoclyto P:esiceotKeo-
oecyj iote:p:etecKeooecy s:eaa:|sasa¨vi:taal
iovitatioo to iosa::ectioo¨ agaiost Diea. A|oat
a wee| late:, P:esiceot Keooecy aace aoot|e:
stateaeot, soaew|at aociiyiog |is |a:s| staoc
agaiost Diea,·'' |at, io :aigoo, Heo:y Ca|ot
Locge cootioaec ao oµeo veocetta oi |at:ec
agaiostDiea.(
1
6
)
Locge, io:exaap|e,gavesaoctaa:yiot|eL. :.
£a|assy to coaaaoist Caaog aoc two ot|e:
¨ßacc|ist aoo|s,¨ w|oa :|e Diea gove:oaeot
coosice:ec caoge:oas eoeay ageotsao actioo
w|ic|Dieacoosice:ec ûoa| p:ooit|att|eL. :.
aoc ßacc|ists we:e al|ies io ao eûo:t to ove:·
t|:ow t|e lawial gove:oaeot oi :oat| Viet-
oaa.
(12, 16)
Co:eµtea|e:23, 1963, P:esiceotKeooecyseot
:ec:eta:y oi Deieose ko|e:t :. mcNaaa:a aoc
Geoe:al maxwe|| D. Tay|o: ( C|ai:aao oi t|e
joiotC|ieisoi:taûj to:oat|Vietoaatoiovesti·
gate.·'' Co Ccto|e: 3, 1963, mcNaaa:a ao1
Tay|o: :epo:tec t|at Dieas actioo agaiost ßac·
c||sts |ac oot sigoiûcaotly aûectec t|e ailita:y
eûo:t.T|eysaict|ewa:agaiostcoaaaoisawas
goiog so we|l t|at l ccc Aae:icao ai|ita:y aeo
coalc|epa||ecoatoi:oat|Vietoaa|yt|eeoc
oi1963, aocaost:eaaioiog Aae:icaos coa|c|e
:eaovec|yt|eeocoi 1965. ( 25)
meaow|ile, t|eli|e:a|p:esswas s|oc|iog t|e
Aae:icaopa|licwit||o::o:sto:iesa|oatDi¬'s
Pae 21
waotoo |:atalities agaiost ioooceo: ßacc|ists
w|o waotec oot|iog |at :eligioas |:eecoa. Io
lateCcto|e:,1963, aLoitecNatiooslactliociog
missioo (c:eatec io :espoose to ceaaocs |y t|e
A|:o-Asiao |loc io t|e LNj a::ivec io :oat|
Vietoaa to iovestigate Dieas allegec pe:seca-
tioos.
Aae:icao ailita:yaeo :ecogoizec Diea |o:
w|at|ewas a st:oogaaoat t|e |eac o|a oa-
tioo w|ose illite:ate peasaot:y (t|e |al| o| t|e
popalatiooj |oows oot|iog aoc ca:es less a|oat
t|eaeaoiogo|coaaaoisao:a|oat:|ecivilizec
icea o|ûg|tiog |o: |:eecoa a oatioow|ose
ecacatecpeoplea:ela:gely|:aiowas|ecwit|t|e
p:o·coaaaoist iceas ofcooteapo:a:y li|e:alisa.
Atwa:agaiostaoeoeayt|atwas iovaciog|:oa
wit|oataoceot:eoc|ecwit|io,Dieacict:aaple
oo civil :ig|ts as A|:a|aa Liocolo cic ca:-
iogt|eAae:icaoCivilWa:.
Wewe:eoot|elpiogDiea |ecaase we lovec
|ia. We we:e |elpiog |ia, osteosi|ly, |ecaase
t|eKeooecyacaio|st:atioowaotectoaa|eace·
te:aioecstaocagaiostcoaaaoisaio:oat|Viet-
oaa.
Aae:icaoailita:yaeo ( aoct|eCIA,aswellj
|oew t|at, i| oa: o|j ective was to ûg|t coaaa-
oisa, we |ac |ette: stic|wit| Diea, |ecaase |e
was coiog a |ette: j o| t|ao aoyooe else avail-
a|le.··· :tate Depa:taeot policy, |oweve:, was
iocoot:olat:aigoo.Aa|assaco:Locgecoocecec
t|at Dieas wa: agaiost coaaaoisa was goiog
:easooa|ly well , ·· ·'· |at Diea was oo looge:
accepta|le.
Co Novea|e: 1, 1963, t|e Diea gove:oaeot
was ove:t|:owo. P:esiceot Ngo Dio| Diea aoc
|is|:ot|e:NgoDio|N|a (aite:t|ey|acceasec
:esistaoceaocwe:eaoce:a::estj weteaa:cetec.
T|eKeooecyacaioist:atioo,asThe New York
Times saic, ¨so|e:lywelcoaec t|e coap¨ agaiost
Diea, ¨:ecogoizec its la:ge s|a:e oi:espoosi|il-
ity io: t|e ceap,¨ '·'' aoc actec qaic|ly to :ecog-
o:ze (Novea|e: 7, 1963) :ae oew p:ov:s:oo+i
gove:oueot o| :oat| Vietoaa. T|is opeec t|e
way |o: :eiostateaeot o| aic w|ic| |ac |eeo
wit|c:awo|:oaDiea. ·
·
· CoNovea|e:º, 1963,
:ec:eta:y o| :tate Deao kas| saic t|at :oat|
Vietoaas wa: agaiost coaaaoisa woalc gaio
iapetasi:oat|ecoapw|ic|ove:t|:ewDiea.·''
CoDecea|e:7, 1 963, t|eLoitecNatioosIact
Iiociogmissioo (w|ic||acgooeto :oat| Viet-
oaa io Ccto|e:to iovestigate allegec Diea |:a-
talitiesagaiostßacc|istsj aaceitsomcia|:e¡o:t.
T|e LN :ep:eseotatives |ac iote:viewec ßac-
c|ist aoo|s aoc staceots w|oa t|e Aae:icao
p:ess |ac :epo:tec aa:ce:ec |y Dieas solcie:s,
t|ey|ac|oaoct|att|esaicice|a:oiogs|ac|eeo
a::aogec |y a coaaaoist ¨saicice p:oaotioo
sqaac, ¨ aoc t|at t|e |o:eigo p:ess |ac always
|eeo ootiûec, well io acvaoce, oi eac| pa|lic
saicice|yû:e.
(28)
Co Decea|e: 2 3, 1963, t|isiteaappea:ecoo
t|e¨Was|iogtoo W|ispe:s¨ pageo|U. S. News
& World Report:
"American ofcials credited with encouraging
the plot to get rid of N go Dinh Diem and his
brother as leaders of South Vietnam now won­
der if they were 'taken in' again by the Commu­
nists. War in South Vietnam, involving U. S.
directly, has been going from bad to worse ever
since the Diem family was driven from power
and the Diem brothers slain."
Io ma:c|, 1964, P:esiceot jo|osoo seot :ec:e-
ta:y mcNaaa:a aoc Geoe:al Taylo: oo aoot|e:
a|ss|oo to aoc oat |ow t|e wa: agaiost coa-
aaoisawasgoiog io:oat|Vietoaa. Co ma:c|
17, 1964, t|e W|ite Hoase :eleasec a stateaeot
oo t|ei: iiociogs. ¨Coapa:iog t|e sitaatioo to
lastOcto|e: . . . t|e:e|ave aoqaestiooa|ly |eeo
set|ac|s.'(29)
A gove:oaeot aoce: majo: Geoe:al Daoog
vao mio| :eplacec t|at o| Diea. It was ove:-
t|:owo|ymaj o:Geoe:alNgayeoK|ao|.K|ao|
appea:s to |e geoaioely aoti·coaaaoist. Yet, i:-
:itatioos |etweeo |iaaocAae:icao omcials ce-
velopec iaaeciately. Note t|ese :eaa:|s |y :ol
W. :aoce:s.
"This is a civil war in which families are
divided . . . . You are never absolutely sure who
IS on whose side.
Page 22
"In this situation, it is extremely naive for
Americans to believe that a government can run
the country without using secret police or re­
pressive measures on occasion . . . .
"I remember one American ofcial who com­
plained bitterly to me in 1 963 that we should
not permit the Diem regime to continue using
strong-arm methods against Buddhist demonstra­
tors . . . . A few months later, this same American
was complaining just as bitterly because the
Khanh Government would not discipline the
student demonstrators when the whole country
seemed to be falling apart . . . .
"Some of my anti-communist friends are saying
things like this to me: 'Now you want a strong
government. Last year we had one, and you
helped bring it down.'
"
(11)
Ia:t|e: i::itaots ceveloµec io t|e saaae: o|
1964. K|ao|as|ec|o:attac|sooNo::|Vietoaa,
|ecaase :egala: a:ay aoits |:oat|e No:t| we:e
ioûlt:atiog t|e :oat|to saµµo:tcoaaaoistgae:·
:illas.Aae:icaooacials,:e|asiogtoaat|o:izet|e
attac|s, ceoiec t|at No:t| Vietoaa aoits we:e
iovaciog:oat| Vietoaa. K|ao| |elt:|at Aae:i-
cao oacials we:e |iciog t|e |acts |:oa t|e µa|-
licto|elµP:esiceotjo|osooµoliticallyto|eeµ
t|eLoitec:tatesvote:s|:oa|oowiog t|et:at|.
Hesai c.
"Johnson had an election to win, but I have
a war to win."
(11)
Co Ccto|e: 26, 1964, majo: Geoe:al Ngayeo
K|ao| :esigoec to µe:a|t|o:aatiooo|a civiliao
gove:oaeot, wit|T:aoVaoHaoogasµ:eaie:.
ßacc|ists |egao ceaoost:atioos agaiost T:ao
Vao Haoog' s gove:oaeot, t:yiog to |o:ce its
cowo|all, t|:eateoiog toaset|e ¨saicice¨ tactics
o|1963. (30)
T|aseocect|eyea: 1964 ioVietoaa.
Hy jaoaa:y 7, 1965, L. :. |attle casaalties io
Vietoaatotalec1788 ( 1 173 |o:t|eyea:1964, 615
|o: t|eµ:evioas t|:ee yea:sj .
(31)
Vietoaaese cas-
aalties (No:t| aoc :oat|j ca:iog t|e saae µe:-
iod ( 1961- 1 964) |aveave:age1|etweeo1000 aod
1500 eac|uont|.
(11)
Co )aoaa:y 3, 1 965, :ec:eta:y oi :tate Deao
kas|, loo|iog |ac| a¡oo 1964 aoc aotici¡atiog
1 965, saic t|e Loitec :tates woalc stay ia Viet·
oaa oo t|e ¡:eseot |asis, oeit|e: ioc:easiog oo:
cec:easiogoa:µa:ticiµatioo. Hesaic µalliog oat
woalc eocoa:age |a:t|e: coaaaoist exµaosioo
aocleactocisaste:,|atcooclacect|atexµaociog
t|e wa:woalc ¨aaltiµl. casaalties |y t|e t|oas-
aocs,sa|j ectAsiaoµeoµletocevastatiooaocleac
cowo a t:ail t|e eoc o| w|ic| oo ooe io aoy
coaot:y coalc µossi|ly see wit| assa:aoce.¨(32)
We Must Get Out
¾e neve: s|oalc |ave |ecoae iovolvec i o
Asiao wa:s. Coce io, |oweve:, we s|oalc |ave
ta|eo t|e victo:y t|at was io oa: |aocs, so t|at
we coalc ceµa:t wit| |ooo:. We :ej ectec eve:y
golceo oµµo:taoity to co t|at At eac| c:itical
j aocta:e sioce oa: iovolveaeot io As|a, L. :.
µoliticalleace:s|aveta|eot|ew:oogta:o.T|e:e
is:eallyoot|iogle|t|o:astoco|atgetoat,aoc
iaµ:oveoa:owooatiooalce|eoses,toµ:otectoa:
owo oatiooal iote:ests Ct|e:wise,ioevita|ly, we
will |ecoae ea|:oilec io aoot|e: catast:oµ|ic
cycleo|t|at£ast-Westwa:|etweeo£a:oµeaoc
Asiaw|ic||as |eeo :agiog, ooewayo:aoot|e:,
wit|iote:valso|cala,|o:1 500 yea:s.(33)
How,sµeciûcally, s|oalcweµalloato|Asia:
Wes|oalcgive C|iaog Kai·s|e| aoc t|ewo:lc
six-aoot|s ooticet|atweµlaotogetoataoclet
Asiaos ûg|t t|ei: owo wa:s io t|ei: owo way.
Da:iog t|at iote:val, we s|oalc gat|e: ailita:y
aocciviliaogoocsw|ic|weoowscatte:allove:
t|e Ia: £ast ( to oatioos w|ic| wil| neve: ase
t|eatoûg|tcoaaaoisaj , aoc cive:tt|esesaµ·
µlies to C|iaog Kai-s|e|, giviog |ia oa: ||ess-
iogto aovewit| |is owoaeo, as |e µleases, to
:escaeC|ioa|:oat|ecoaaaoists. I|C|iaogsac-
ceecec, |e woalc cest:oy t|e soa:ce aoc ceote:
o| coaaaoist µowe: ioAsia.
W|at i| C|iaog Kais|e| |ails, a|te: we µa||
oat o| As:a: Coe :|:og we cao |e sa:e ot. :|
t|e:e ateooteooag| Asiaoswil|iog aoca||eto
Page 23
ng|tio:t|ei:owo i:eecoa, t|eo Asia caooot |e
savec. No aatte: |ow aaoy Aae:|cao l|ves oc:
µol|t|calleace:saay|ew|ll|ogto sac:|ûceiot|e
j aogles, cese:ts, ||lls, aoc :ice µaccies oi As|a,
wes|aµlycooot|aveeoocg|aeotoag|tAs|a's
wa:sio:|e:.
T|e ooe :eaaio|og st:oog, cete:a|oec aoti-
coaaco|st leace: |o As|a says he waots to ûg|t
now. (34) Now |s t|e tiae.
FOOTNOTES
(1 ) AP article from Washington, The Dallas MOYZing News,
January 5, 1965, Sec. 1, p. 10
(2 ) Encyclopedia Americana, 1961 edition, Volume XVIII, p. 206
(3) "The History of George Catlett Marshal l , speech by U. S.
Senators Joseph R. McCarthy (Rep. , Wisc. ) , Robert C. Hendrick­
son (Rep. N. ]. ) , Wiliiam Langer (Rep., N. D. ) , and Kenneth
S. Wherry ( Rep. , Neb. ) , Congressional RecO"d, June 14, 1 951 ,
pp. 65 56-6603 ( bund)
(4) "The UN Up To Now-6," The New York Daily News, July
8, 1962
(5) "Bright Spot in Asia," by Demaree Bess, The Saturday Evening
Post, September 1 5, 1956, pp. 36, 1 27-8, 1 30
(6) State Department Publication 703 1, November, 1960
(7 ) For complete documented discussion of Laos, see this Report,
"The Story of Laos," April 29, 1963, and "Laos-Part I, "
"Laos-Part II, " April 9 and 1 6, 1962.
(8 ) U. S. News & lV orld Report, August 5 , 1963, pp. ' 46-9
(9) Total aid to Vietnam was $2,2 14,200,000.00 on June 30, 1962;
U. S. News & lV odd Report of August 5, 1963, reported that
the Kennedy build-up in Vietnam had increased aid to the
rate of 1 . 5 million dollars a day. In a television broadcast on
March 29, 1964, Secretary McNamara said ( as reported in The
Dallas MOYlZinl News, March 30, 1964) that the new premier
of Vietnam plans to conscript 50,000 more men to fight com­
munist guerrillas, and that the United States wi l l give him ap­
proximately 1 million dollars a week - in addition to aid al­
ready being given - to train and pay salaries of the new con­
scripts. A wire service story in The Dallas Moninl News of
March 1 6, 1964, reporting on two American planes shot do
v
n
in South Vietnam during the weekend of March 1 4- 1 5 , said
that the six Americans killed in those i ncidents brought the
tolal of reported Americans dead to 1 22. The lead
.
paragraph
of a story with a Saigon dateline, written by Dennis Warner
and published in The Dallas Mornin
8
News, March 29, 1964,
said: "American military men and diplomats alIke, both here
and in Washington, have come face to face with the bitter
reality of the situation in South Vietnam. Unless a miracle
occurs, this war cannot be won."
Subscription:
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( 1 0) U. S. News & lVorld Report, January 2 1, 1963, pp. 46-8
(1 1 ) "Can U. S. Win In Vietnam? An Inside Report," U. S. News &
lVorld Report, January 1 1 , 1965, pp. 44-7, 50-2
( 1 2 ) U. S. News & lVorld Report, September 1 6, 1963, pp. 39-41
( 1 3 ) U. S. News & lVorld Report, March 23, 1964, pp. 50-2
(1 4) "Biggest Little Man in Asia," by O. K. Armstrong, The
Reade,' s Digest, February 2, 1956, pp. 144-8
( 1 5 ) The lVashington Daily News, July 20, 1959, pp. 1, 3 and
July 2 1 , 1959, pp. 3, 1 4
(1 6) "Vietnam-Fact and Fiction," series of articles by Marguerite
Higgins from Vietnam, The New York Herald Tribune, August
26-30, September 2, 1963; "Saigon Summary: Our Country
Played An Inglorious Role In The Final Days Of The Diem
Regime," by Marguerite Higgins, America, January 4, 1964;
al l reprinted i n Congressional Record, January 14, 1964, pp.
328-40 (daily)
(1 7) The New York Times, June 1 6, 1963, p. 6
(1 8) UPI dispatch from Washington, The Dallas Morning News,
August 27, 1963, Section 1, p. 9; The New York Times, Sep­
tember 9, 1963, p. 1
(1 9) Saigon Times, circa September 1 , 1963
(20) The National Observe,', October 28, 1963, p. 5
(2 1 ) "Al ien-Scott Report," by Robert S. Allen and Paul Scott, The
Odessa American, October 29, 1963
(22 ) AP dispatch from Hyannis Port, The Dallas Mornilg News,
September 3, 1963, Section 1, p. 1
(23) "Optimism Voiced: American Complexity Is Denied-Anxiety
Also Expressed," by Max Frankel, The New Yo,·k Times, No­
vember 2, 1963, pp. 1, 3
(24) AP dispatch from Washington, The Dallas Morning News,
September 24, 1964, Section 1, p. 1
(2 5 ) UPI story, The Dallas Moring News, October 3, 1963, Sec­
tion 1, p. 1 ; AP story, The Dallas Times Herald, October 3,
1963, pp. lA, 21 A
(26) The New York Times, November 8, 1963, pp. 1 , 9
(27 ) The New York Times, November 9, 1963, pp. 1, 10
(28 ) Report of the United Nations Fact Finding Mission to South
Viet-Nam, published by the United States Senate Internal Se­
curity Subcommittee, 1964, 324 pp.
( 29) The New Y01·k Times, March 18, 1964, pp. 1, 1 2
(30) UPI story from Saigon, The Dallas Morning News, December
1 6, 1964, Sec. 1, p. 1
( 3 1 ) AP article from Saigon by Malcolm W. Browne, The Dallas
Moring News, January 7, 1965, Sec. 1, p. 3
(32) AP dispatch from Washington, The Dallas Morning News,
January 4, 1965, Sec. 1, p. 1 9
(33 ) For details on conflicts with Asia, see this Report, "Our Asian
Wars," May 1 1, 1964
(34) "Chinese Armed Forces Can Recover Mainland," Free China
leekly, P. O. Box 337, Taipei, Formosa, Republic of China,
December 1 3, 1964, p. 1
NAME (Please Print)
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CITY STATE Z CODE
(Texans Add 2% for Sale Tax)
THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, BOX 9538, DALLAS, TEXAS 75214 TAYLOR 1-2303
Page 24
·
·
ÏMË
DII Smoot Repo,t
Vol. l l, No. 4 (Broadcast 492) January 25, 1 965 Dallas, Texas
DAN SMOOT
NATI ONAL I ZI NG E DUCATI ON
to )aoca:y l :, lº:·, P:es|ceo: Lyocoo ß )o|osoo as|ec Coog:ess io: a ¨|o|c oew eccca·
:|ooµ:og:aa¨ w||c| woc|c ¨:|:cs:||e iece:a| gove:oaeo:|o:oeccca:|ooi:oaµ:esc|oo| :|:ocg|
co||ege |eve|s,¨ µoc:|og oc: |||||oos oi iece:a| :ax co||a:s oo: oo|y :o µc|||csc|oo|s|c: a|so :o
µ:|va:e aocc|c:c|eccca:|ooa| |os:|:c:|oos. ·'
Too|:a|o iece:a| :ax aooey coce: P:es|ceo: )o|osoo s µ:oposec |eg|s|a:|oo |oca| ac:|o:|:|es
acs:aa|e µ|aos :o cooio:aw|:| iece:a| :eqc|:eaeo:s, :|eo sc|a|::|e|::eqces:s:o ::a:e o¬ces
oi eccca:|oo Ii ::a:e ac:|o:|:|es aµµ:ove, µ|a:s w||| |e sc|a|::ec :o iece:a| o¬c|a|s Ii :|ey
aµµ:ove, g:ao:s w||| |e aace :o :|e ::a:es, :e|ayec:o|oca| c|s::|c:s. T||s|saoevas|oo:oavo|c
:|ecoo::ove:s|a| qces:|oo oig:ao:|og iece:a| :axaooey:oµ:|va:eo:c|c:c|sc|oo|s . ac:ca|g:ao:s
w|| | |e aace|y ::a:e omc|a|s.
Aca|o|s::a:|oosoc:ces we:eqco:ecas say|og
"Control of education, choice of textbooks, and planning of the program is left strictly to state and local
authorities.H{
l)
T||s |s wo:se :|ao evas|oo l: |s oc::|g|: ia|se|ooc Nosc|oo| c|s::|c:caoge: iece:a| icocs
(eveo |y :|e |oc|:ec: :oc:e oi go|og :|:ocg| ::a:e ac:|o:|:|es j co|ess |: coaµ||es w|:| a|| :e·
qc|:eae::s oi :|e C|v|| k|g|:s Ac: oi l º:! a|oc:ooo·c|sc:|a|oa:|ooaocw|:| a|| o:|e: iece:a|
:eqc|:eaeo:s a|oc: co|io:a s:aoca:cs, a|o|aca wages, aoc so oo.(1)
Granting federal money aeaos imposing federal controls. I: |s :|e gove:oaeo: s :esµoos||l|l:y
:oscµe:v|se:|eexµeoc|:c:eoiiece:a|:axaooey. W|eo|:coesoo::|g|:|ycoo::o|:|eexµeoc|:c:e
oieve:y:ax co||a: c|sµe:sec, :|e iece:a| gove:oaeo:|sg:oss|yoeg||geo:|o:|e|aoc||ogoiµc|||c
icocs
Looaaec aca|o|s::a:|oo soc:ces say :|a: µ:eseo:iece:a|sµeoc|ogooeccca:|oo:o:a|s:|||||oo,
ªcca||||ooco||a:sayea:,aoc:|a::|eP:es|ceo:' sµ:oµosa|sw||||oc:ease:||s:oº|||||oo,:cca||·
||oo co||a:s aooca||y. ·' Ao:|ooy ) Ce|e|:ezze ( :ec:e:a:y oi Hea|:|, £ccca:|oo, aoc We|ia:e\
says :|e P:es|ceo:s oew µ:og:aa ¨w||| coc||e iece:a| sµeoc|og oo eccca:|oo. ¨ '·
THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, a magazine published every week by The Dan Smoot Report, Inc., mail·
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No Reproductions Permitted.
Page 25
A|:ea1y, a |ew||1e:|og oaa|e: oi ie1e:a|·a|1·
to·e1acat|ooµ:og:aas ex|st T|e ie1e:a| gove:o·
aeotst|||g|vesa|1io:vocat|ooa|e1acat|ooao1e:
t|e :a|t|·Hag|es Act oi l ºl ¯ T|e Nat|ooa|
:c|oo|Laoc|P:og:aa (esta|||s|e1|ol º!:, coo·
t|oaes T|eLao1:aaActoil º!cµ:ov|1e1ie1e:·
a| iao1s to |oca| ao1 :tategove:oaeots io: e1a·
cat|ooa| iac|||t|es |o a:eas c:ow1e1 w|t| 1eieose
wo:|e:s ao1 a|||ta:y oe:soooe| Io l º·c (w|t|
t|e oat|:ea| oi t|e Ko:eao wa:, t|e Lao1:aa·
Actµ:og:aa|ecaaet|e ie1e:a||y·|aµacte1-a:eas
µ:og:aa, w||c| coot|oaesµ:ov|1|ogie1e:a| tax
aooeyio:e1acat|oo|oa:easw|e:et|e:ea:ecoc·
ceot:at|oos oi ie1e:a| µe:soooe| (a|||ta:y o: c|·
v|||ao, le1e:a| |oaostoao|ve:s|t|esac1co||eges
io:sta1eot|oas|og|egao|ol º·c T||sµ:og:aa
was sa|1to |eoecessa:y |ecaase oivast oaa|e:s
o|sta1eats a|teo1|ogco||egeoog:aots oiie1e:a|
tax aooey ao1e: t|e so·ca||e1 GI ß||| oi l º!:.
T|eGI-ß|||µ:og:aaao1t|esta1eot·|oas|ogµ:o·
g:aa |ave :ao oat, |at |ave |eeo :eµ|ace1 |y
ie1e:a||y·sa|s|1|ze1µ:og:aasao1e:t|eNat|ooa|
Deieose L1acat|oo Act oi l º·ºt|e a:st :ea||y
coaµ:e|eos|ve ie1e:a|·a|1·to·e1acat|oc |aw(4)
T|e Nat|ooa| Deieose L1acat|oo Act oi l º·º
waseoacte11a:|ogaµe:|o1oioat|ooa| iea:t|at
:ov|etsc|oo|swe:et:a|o|ogao:eao1|ette:sc|eo·
t|sts ao1 eog|oee:s t|ao Aae:|cao sc|oo|s we:e
(|ecaase t|e :ov|ets we:e a:st - Ccto|e:, l º·¯
÷ to |aaoc|aoo:||t|ogsate|||te, T|e l º·º|aw
was |oteo1e1to |aµ:ovet|e teac||og oi sc|eoce,
aat|eaat|cs, ao1io:e|go|aogaagesat all school
levels. (4) T|e Nat|ooa| Deieose L1acat|oo Act
oil º·º|as|eeoaaeo1e1 ao1 exµao1e1 seve:a|
t|aes.( 5)
Io:eµtea|e:, l º:·, Coog:essaµµ:ove1a Keo·
oe1y·sµooso:e1 µ:og:aa to µ:ov|1e vast saas oi
ie1e:a| tax aooey io: coost:act|oo ao1 |aµ:ove·
aeotoiae1|ca|·sc|oo|iac|||t|esao1io:|oaosto
sta1eotsoi ae1|c|oe, 1eot|st:y, ao1 osteoµat|y

·'
IoCcto|e:, l º:ª, Coog:essaµµ:ove1a Keooe1y·
sµooso:e1 µ:og:aa µ:ov|1|og ie1e:a| tax aooey
to coost:act |oca| aeuta|·|ea|t| ceote:s ao1 :e·
sea:c|iac|||t|es,ao1tot:a|oteac|e:sio:t|eaeo·
ta||y :eta:1e1
(6
) ßyt|eeo1oi l º:!, ie1e:a| tax·
µaye:s we:e |ea:|og aost oitae cost oi ae1|ca|
e1acat|oo |o t|e Lo|te1 :tates. ( 7)
Io l º:!, P:es|1eot jo|osoo exµao1e1 ie1e:a|
a|1 to e1acat|oo, ao1e: µ:etext oi ag|t|og µov·
e:ty T|e P:es|1eots aot|·µove:ty jo|·Co:µs µ:o·
g:aa |s |oteo1e1 to t:a|o yoat| ( l : to : l , |o
va:|oas ae|1s, ao1tog|vet|ea ¨µ:act|ca| exµe:|·
eoce¨ |o t|e|: µ:oiess|oos. T|e P:es|1ects aot.·
oove:tyµ:og:aav|||a|sog|veie1e:a|taxaooey
io: j o|s ao1 ot|e: |eoeats to o|1e: |o1|v|1aa|s
atteo1|og sc|oo|. T|e Cmce oi Lcoooa.c Cµ·
µo:tao|ty coo1acts t|e aot|·µove:ty e1acat|ooa|
µ:og:aas, aa||og ag:eeaeots w|t| |oca| |ost|ta·
t|oos. Iova:|a||y,t|eag:eeaeots|ovo|vea1oµt|oo
ao1eoio:ceaeot oi ¨ie1e:a| stao1a:1s ¨(B)
T|es|zeac1coaµ|ex|tyoiie1e:a|µ:og:aas|o
t|ee1acat|oca|ae|1|avest|aa|ate1oewsaµµo:t
io: ao o|1 µ:oµosa|oaae|y, t|at t|e Cmce oi
L1acat|oo |e :eaove1 i:oa t|e Leµa:taeot oi
Hea|t|, L1acat|oo, ao1 We|ia:e ac1 e|evate1 to
ca||oet|eve|ast|eLeµa:taeotoiL1acat|oc Co
jaoaa:y !, l º:·, L : keµ:eseotat|ve )o|o L.
loga:ty (k|o1e Is|ao1 Deaoc:at, |ot:o1ace1
Hk l ccc |ot|e Hoase, ao1 oo jaoaa:y ¯, l º:·.
L. : :eoato: A|:a|aa A k|||coû ( Coooect|cat
Deaoc:at , .ot:o1ace1 : l cc |o t|e :eoateto
c:eate a Deµa:taeot oi L1acat|oo
1t|s|aµoss|||eto1ete:a|oeexact|y|ovaac|
|e1e:a| tax aooey |s |e|og sµeot oo a|1to e1a·
cat|oo|aµoss|||e to te|| |ov aac| P:es|1eot
jo|osoo s oew µ:oµosa|s w||| cost Ii t|e :ec:e·
ta:yoiHea|t|, L1acat|oo, ao1We|ia:e |sco::ect
|osay|ogt|att|eP:es|1eotsµ:oµosa|sv|||1oa||e
ie1e:a| sµeo1|og oo e1acat|oo, aooaa| ie1e:a|
sµeo1|og |o t||s ae|1 coa|1 :|se oext yea: to l :
|||||oo 1o||a:s.
T||s saa oi aooey, io: e1acat|ooa| act|v|t|es
a|ooe, |s a|oat l : t|aes ao:e t|ao t|e tota| ex·
µec1|ta:es oi all |:aoc|es ao1 ageoc|es oi t|e
ie1e:a| gove:oaeot ( |oc|a1|og A:ae1 lo:ces,
1a:|og t|ei:sts|xtyyea:s oioa:oat|ooa| ||ie.( 9)
Da:|og t|ats|xtyyea:s ( l ¯ºº· lº!º, , t|e ie1e:a|
gove:oaeot µa|1 t|e 1e|ts oit|e Wa: io: Io1e·
µeo1eoce, ao1 aoaoce1 t|e Wa: oi l ºl :, t|e
mex|cao Wa:, ao1 |ooaae:a||e Io1|ao wa:s
Total exµeo1.:a:esof t|e federal government dar·
|og t|e µea| sµeo1|og yea: oi Won1 Wa: I
Page 26
(ûscal yea: eo1|og jaoe ªc, l º:cj we:e a|oat
|a|| `· w|atP:es|1eotjo|osoo µ:oµoses to sµeo1
oextyea: oo e1acat|oo
L. : keµ:eseotat|ve loga:ty says t|at µa|||c
|ao1s ( |e1e:a|, state, ao1 |oca| j sµeot t||s yea:
oo a|| tax·saµµo:te1 sc|oo|s ao1 co||eges tota|
a|oat :· |||||oo 1o||a:s. ·`' Io l ºc:, a|| µa|||c
|ao1ssµeotooe1acat|ooata|||eve|stota|e1 :·º
a||||oo1o||a:s I ol ºc:, µoµa|at|ooo|t|eLo|te1
:tates was a|oat ¯º a||||oo( 7) Ca
,
µoµa|at|oo
oow|sa|oatl ºca||||ooPoµa|at|oo|as|oc:ease1
a
|
µ:ox|aate|y : ! t|aes, w|||e µa|||c expeo1|·
ta:esooe1acat|oo|ave|oc:ease1a|oatl cct|aes
Pro and Con Arguments
A µ:|aa:y a:gaaeot |o: |e1e:a| a|1 |s t|at
ao:e sµeo1|og w||| µ:ov|1e |ette: e1acat|oo I|
t|e a:gaaeot we:e va||1, oa:e1acat|ooa| systea
woa|1|ea|oat · ct|aes ao:eeûect|veoowt|ao
att|e|eg|oo|ogo|t||sceota:y, |ecaase oa: µe:·
caµ|ta exµeo1|ta:e o| µa|||c |ao1s oo e1acat|oo
|soowa|oat ·c t|aesg:eate:t|ao :c yea:s ago.
Actaa||y, t|eqaa||tyo|e1acat|oo|ot|eLo|te1
:tates seeas to decrease as µa|||c exµeo1|ta:es
Increase.
W|eo aost sc|oo|s we:e µ:|vate!y aoaoce1,
aooey |o: sc|oo|s was |a:1 to coae|y :c|oo|s
we:e:est:|cte1to 1ea||og |ot|e |ao1aaeota|so|
e1acat|oa Astax·saµµo:te1sc|oo|s:eµ|ace1µ:|·
vatesc|oo|s, coot:o|ove:sc|oo|sµeo1|og µasse1
to |oca| sc|oo| oac|a|s. As |oogas sc|oo|s we:e
aoaoce1|y|oca|taxes,t|e:ewasst|||coos|1e:a||e
coot:o||ot|e|ao1so||oca|taxµaye:s W|eoa|1
|:oa :tate oaces o| e1acat|oo |egao to saµµ|e·
aeoto::eµ|ace|oca|taxesasasoa:ceo|:eveoae
|o:sc|oo|s, coot:o|was|a:t|e::eaove1. As |e1·
e:a| a|1 saµµ|eaeots o: :eµ|aces state ao1 |oca|
taxes,coot:o|ove:sc|oo|saovesto|a:eaac:ats|o
Was||ogtoo.
W|eo |oca| sc|oo| systeas :ece|ve a|1 |:oa a
1|staot tax|og aat|o:|ty, seos|||e |:aga||ty teo1s
tovao|s| Iveo|oca| oac|a|sw|o1ooot|e||eve
|oiece:a|a|c, :eqaes:aocge:i: 1aeya:gae:aa:
s|oce |oca| taxµaye:s aast aoaoce e1acat|oo e|se·
w|e:e, t|ey s|oa|1 1eaao1 |o: t|ease|ves aaxi·
aaa aaoaots o| t|e |e1e:a| |ao1s w||c| t|e|:
taxes |e|µe1 µ:ov|1e T||s att|ta1et|at t|e:e
|soowaytostoµt|e|e1e:a|g:avyt:a|o,ao1t|at,
s|oceweaast|e|µ µay |o: |t, we oag|ttoc||a|
a|oa:1|as|ecoaeaµowe:|a||o:ce|e||o1µ:o-
g:aas v||c| a:e 1est:oy|og oa: |:ee soc|ety
As coot:o| ove: sc|oo| sµeo1|og µasse1 |:oa
t|ose w|o actaa||y µat aµ t|e aooey, ao1 |oto
t|e |ao1s o| µo||t|c|aos, |a:eaac:ats, ao1 e1a·
cato:s w|o sµeo1 soaeooe e|ses aooey, µa|||c
|ao1s|egaoto|ayao:e|:|||st|aoe1acat|oo |o
t|esc|oo|so|Aae:|ca.¨L||e·A1j astaeot¨coa:ses
ao1¨|ea:o|og·|y·1o|og¨exµe:|aeots:eµ|ace1t:a·
1|t|ooa| e1acat|oo - w||c| |a1 st:esse1 |as|c
|oow|e1ge, |a:1 wo:|, |ooo:, 1aty, se||·:e||aoce
w|t| D|v|oe ga|1aoce, Aae:|cao t:a1|t|oos.
W|at|st|e|ocaso|e1acat|oooowa1ays : T|e
L : Caceo|L1acat|oo (w||c| µeo1|og |eg|s·
|at|oo woa|1 e|evate to t|estatas o|Deµa:taeot
o| L1acat|ooj |as a|:ea1y a::ogate1 to |tse|| t|e
:o|e o| esta|| |s||og oat|ooa| goa|s |o: e1acat|oo
|ot|eLo|te1 :tates Iomay, l º::, t|e Caceo|
L1acat|ooµa|||s|e1 Education For Freedom and
World Understanding. Co µage :ª, t|e ¨Loog
kaogeC|j ect|ve¨o|Aae:|caoe1acat|oo|sstate1
"Our fundamental goal is a progressive nation in a
peaceful world . . . . Achieving this objective demands
understanding of and commitment to the proposition
that education is a primary instrument for social ad­
vancement and human welfare."
W|at |aµµeoe1 to |o|t|at|ve, sc|o|a:s||µ, 1|sc|·
µ||oe:
W|at |as |aµµeoe1 to µa|||c e1acat|oo s|oce
oa:sc|oo|s|ave|eeocoaa|tte1,oottosa|j ect|og
yoaog a|o1s to t|e ste:o 1|sc|µ||oes o| |ea:o|og,
|atto ac||ev|og soc|a|a1vaoceaeot ao1 |aaao
we||a:e¨?
Pa|||ce1acat|oo|oAae:|ca|ot|eµast: · yea:s
|as ta:oe1 oat a||||oos o| sea|·||te:ates w|o a:e
|goo:aot o|t|e||sto:yo|t|e|:owocoaot:y,w|o
|oowso||tt|ea|oatt|e t:a1|t|oos ao1 µ:|oc.µ|es
o|t|e|:owooat|oot|att|eya:eeasyµ:eytoa||eo
|:a|ovas||og, aswasµ:ove1 |oKo:ea, w|o|ave
|a1 so ||t:|e aca1ea|c 1.sc.µ||oe |o t|e s||||s o|
learing that it is almost impossible for them to
e1acate t|ease|ves a|te: t|ey |eave sc|oo| , w|o
Page 27
1o oot ao1e:stao1 t|e|: oat|ve |aogaage, aac|
|essaoyio:e|go|aogaage, aaoyoiw|oa1ooot
eveo |oowt|e a|µ|a|et we|| eooag| to |egoo1
a|ec|e:|s, o: eooag| a:|t|aet|c to aa|e co::ect
c|aoge |o a g:oce:y sto:e
T|e :easoo io: t||s |s oot t|at we |ave sµeo:
too ||tt|e oo e1acat|oo We |ave t|e aost ex-
µeos|ve e1acat|ooa| systea |o t|e wo:|1 T|e
t:oa||e |s t|at coot:o| oi sc|oo|s |as µasse1 |oto
t|e |+o1s oi e1acat|oo|sts w|o sµeo1 too aac|
taxaooeyootoo aaoyw:oogt||ogs
A1a|:a| Hyaao G k|c|ove: s coaaeota:y oo
µa|||c ecacat|oo |s as aµµ||ca||e to1ay as w|eo
a:st aace |o l º·º A1a|:a| k|c|ove: (oiteo
ca||e1 ¨iat|e: oi t|e atoa|c sa|aa:|oe¨ , sa|1
"The chronic shortage of good scientists, engineers
and other professionals which plagues us is the result
of time wasted in public schools which must be made up
later on.
" [America is] reaping the consequences of the de­
struction of traditional education by the Dewey-Kil­
patrick experimentalist philosophy.
"For all children, the educational process must be
one of collecting factual knowledge to the limit of their
absorptive capacity.
"Recreation, manual or clerical training, etiquette
and similar know-how have little efect on the mind
itself - and it is with the mind that the school must
concern itself.
"Dewey's ideas have led to elimination of many
academic subjects on the ground that they would not
be useful in life, and to substitution of trivial, recrea­
tional and vocational subjects alleged to be of more
practical value.

"The student thus receives neither intellectual train­
ing nor the factual knowledge which will help him to
understand the world he lives in, or to make well­
reasoned decisions in his private life or as a responsible
citizen . . . .
"He is instead handed a bag of know-how tricks;
he is helped to become a pleasant, nicely mannered
young person, able to get along with whatever group
he joins . . . .
"It is time we turn back to the home what is properly
the function of the home and permit the public schools
to concentrate on what is properly their function - the
education of young minds."(ll)
A|sost|||aµµ||ca||eto1aya:et|ecoaaeotsoi
D:. A:t|a: ßesto: ( P:oiesso: oi H|sto:y at t|e
Loive:si:y oi Iiiioois, io:ae: I:esiceo: oi :ae
Coaoc|l lo: ßas|c L1acat|oo, io l º·º, g:eat
waves oiµ:oµagao1awe:e µoao1|og t|e oat|oo,
c:eat|ogsaµµo:tio:aNat|ooa|DeieoseL1acat.oo
Acttoµoa:|.|||oosoiie1e:a|tax1o||a:s|otoe1a-
cat|oo, sot|att|eLo|te1·tatescoa|1 ¨catc|aµ¨
w|t| t|e·ov|et Lo|oo At t|at t|ae, D: ßesto:
sa|1t|eµ:|aa:y1eac|eocyoiAae:|caoe1acat|oo
was oot|ac|oiaooey Hesa|1
"Primarily . . . [the educational defciency in
America] is a lack of clear purpose . . . .
"It doesn't make sense to write a blank check pay­
able to the order of the very educationists who have
brought us to our present pass . . . . If there is simply
a free-handed pumping of federal funds into local.
school systems, much of it will be siphoned of into the
trivialities that educationists have been promoting in
the past . . . .
"What I fear is that control over the new emergency
programs will . . . be seized by the very same education­
ists who have produced our present difficulties. Then
we will really be in trouble."
\ 12)
T|e ie1e:a| gove:oaeot cao o|ta|o aooey to
sa|s|1|ze e1acat|oo oo|y |y ta||og |t away
i:oa taxµaye:s |o t|e ·tates , ao1 t|e:e |s a
|eavy ca::y|og c|a:ge oo tax aooey aa||og a
:oao1 t:|µ toWas||ogtoo T|eaaoaot oiaooe.
w||c| t:|c||es |ac| i:oa Was||ogtoo |s ia: |ess
t|aoWas||ogtoota|es|otaxesT|eµeoµ|ewoa|1
|eaac| |ette: oû to|eeµ t|e|:aooeyat|oae.
io:µ:og:aasw||c|taxµaye:st|ease|vesaµµ:ove
mo:eove:, t|e ie1e:a| gove:oaeot |s |o wo:se
aoaoc|a|s|aµet|aoaoy·tategove:oaeotIoiact,
oa: ie1e:a| gove:oaeot |s ao:e |eav||y |o 1e|t
t|aoa||ot|e:gove:oaeotsooea:t|coa||oe1 ·''
toea:gaaeotfor ie1e:a| a|1toe1acat|oo|s
t|at e1acat|ooa| stao1a:1s s|oa|1 |e ao|io:a
t|:oag|oat t|e oat|oo T||s s|oa|1 |e a s::oog
a:gaaeot against ie1e:a| a|1 Hea|t|y :|va|:y
aaoog |o1|v|1aa|scaoo|systeaseaca ooe st:|v-
|ogtooat1ot|eot|e:swoa|1e|evatee1acat|oo-
a| stao1a:1soia|| W|t| t|e ie1e:a| gove:oaeot
1|sµeos|og tax aooey ao1 |aµos|og ao|io:a|ty,
t|e c||ei :|va|:y aaoog sc|oo| 1|st:|cts |s io:
ie1e:a| iao1s Caa||ty oi e1acat|oo |s sac:|ace1
io: osteotat|oas |a||1|ogs, e|a|o:ate eqa|µaeot,
ao1 ¨accoaµ||s|aeots¨ aeasa:e1 |y a|s|ea1|og
stat|st|cs oo eo:o||aeot ao1 g:a1aat|oo
The fundamental argument against federal aid
to e1acat|oo, |oweve:, |s t|at |t |s aocoost|ta·
Page 28
t|ooa|.T|eû:stseoteoceoit|eû:stA:t|c|eoit|e
Coost|tat|oo aoc t|e |ast A:t|c|e oi t|e ß||| oi
k|g|ts (Teot| Aaeocaeot to t|e Coost|tat|oo,
aa|e|tve:yc|ea:t|att|eiece:a|gove:oaeot|as
oo¡owe:so::es¡oos|||||t|esexce¡tt|oses¡ec|ûec
|o t|e Coost|tat|oo T|e Coost|tat|oo oe|t|e:
aa|es oo: |a¡||es aoy g:aot oi ¡owe: to t|e
iece:a|gove:oaeottosa|s|c|zeo:ot|e:w|seaec·
c|e |o ecacat|ooa| act|v|t|es.
T|e iece:a|gove:oaeot has been meddling |o
ecacat|oo,tosoaeexteot,io:ao:et|aoaceota:y.
|at coaa|ss|oo aoc :e¡et|t|oo oi t|e c:|ae oi
v|o|at|og t|e Coost|tat|oo coes oot |ega||ze t|e
v|o|at|oo
P:es|ceot)o|osoooocoa|tva|aest|e¡o||t|ca|
acvaotagest|ataayacc:aeto||aaoc||s¡o||t|ca|
¡a:t·t|:oag|aass|ve|oc:easeoiiece:a|s¡eoc|og
oo ecacat|oo, |at ot|e:s aay |ave cee¡e: aot|·
vat|oo. Note soae :eaa:|s |o t|e )a|y, l º· ª.
|ssae oi Atlantic Monthly, |y )ose¡| :. C|a:|
( t|eo mayo: oiP|||ace|¡||a, oowL. :. :eoato:
aoc|oog:|aeacvocateoioat|ooal|z|ogoa:sc|oo|s
|yase oi iece:a| tax aooey,.
"A liberal is . . . one who believes in utilizing the full
force of government for the advancement of social,
political and economic justice at the municipal, state,
national and interational levels . . . . There is a vast
potential reservoir of political leadership coming from
the schools and universities . . . . psychologically pre­
pared to enlist under the liberal banner . . . . It is sig­
nifcant that what used to be called 'history' is now
called 'social studies.' . . . Spiritually and economically,
youth is conditioned to respond to a liberal program of
orderly policing of our society by government."
T|at |sw|yaeo | ||e :eoato: C|a:| waot iec·
e:aI a|c to ecacat|oo. get t|e sc|oo|s coot:o||ec
|y t|e Was||ogtoo |a:eaac:acy, aoc t|ey w|ll
|ecoae ¡:o¡agaucaa:asoi t|e ceut:al|:ec gov·
e:oaeot. asec to |:a|owas| iata:e geoe:at|oos
|oto acce¡t|og soc|a||saca||ec, oi coa:se, ¨|||·
e:a||sa. '
I nternati onal i zing Education
[at|ooa||z|og ecacat|oo |o t|e Lo|tec :tates
is a step toward international control.
Io Novea|e:, i º´c, t|e i it| :ess|oo oi t|e
Geoe:a| Cooie:eoce oi LN£:CC (Lo|tec Na·
t|oos£cacat|ooa|,:c|eot|ûc,aocCa|ta:a|C:gao|·
zat|oo, cooveoec at Pa:|s to ¡:e¡a:e ao |ote:·
oat|ooalt:eatyoat|aw|og¨D|sc:|a|oat|oo|a£ca·
cat|oo. ¨
W|eo t|eLN£:CC cooie:eoce eocecooDe·
cea|e: l ª, lº´c, |t |ac w:|tteo a ¨D:ait Coo·
veot|ooAga|ost D|sc:|a|oat|oo |o£cacat|oo, ¨to
|esa|a|ttec to a|| aea|e:s oi t|e Lo|tec Na·
t|oos io: :at|ûcat|oo as a t:eaty. ||oc|og t|e :a:|·
iy|ogoat|oos:o :eo:gao|ze aoc c|:ect t|e|: eca·
cat|ooa||ost|:at|oos |ocoa¡||aocew|t|t|ete:as
oi t|e t:eaty.
T|e LN£:CC t:eaty ¡:ov|ces t|at staoca:cs
aoc qaal|ty oi ecacat|oo aast |e la|c cowo |y
¨coa¡eteot aat|o:|t|es.¨ ·'' :|oce t||s |s ao |ote:-
oat|ooal ag:eeaeot, |t iollows t|atool· ao |ote:-
oat|ooa| aat|o:|tyLN£:CCwoa|c |e ¨coa·
¡eteot¨ to cec|cew|et|e: t|esysteaoiaoy ¡a:-
t|ca|a: oat|oo |s acce¡ta||e.
:ect|oos : aoc ª oiA::|c|e : oi t|eLN£:CC
t:eaty ¡e:a|t c|a:c| aoc ¡:|vate sc|ools iì|ote:-
oat|ooa| aat|o:|t|es a¡¡:ove t|e ¨staoca:cs¨ |o
t|ose sc|oo|s.
:ect|oo l( a, oi A:t|cle · oi t|e LN£:CC
t:eaty says ecaca:|ooaast¡:oaote to|e:aoce aoc
i:|eocs||¡ aaoog a|| oat|oos aoc aast ¨ia:t|e:
t|eact|v|t|esoit|eLo|tecNat|oos ¨ W|ata|oat
teac|e:so:staceotsw|oca:ecc:|t|c|zet|e:ov|et
Lo|oo,o:t|eLo|tecNat|oos ? T|eywoa|c|e|o
v|olat|oooit||sLN£:CCt:eaty.
P:aye:, o:aoy||ocoi:e||g|oas o|se:vaoce, |o
a ¡a|||c sc|oo| woa|c v|olate t|e|astc|aase oi
:ect|oo ( |, oiA:t|c|e · oit|eLN£:CC t:eaty.
A:t|cles´aoc7 clea:ly st|¡alate t|at all oat|ooa|
sc|oolsysteasw||||eaoce: t|egeoe:a| sa¡e:v|·
s|oooiLN£:CC. A:t|c|eº¡:esc:||est|e:eie::a|
oic|s¡atesa|oatecacat|ootot|eWo:lcCoa:t.
A:t|c|eºoit|eLN£:CCt:eaty|sac|:ects|a¡
att|eLo|tec:tates T|eCoooa||ykese:vat|ooto
oa: acce¡taoce oi Wo:|c Coa:t j at|sc|ct|oo :e·
se:vestooa:se|vest|e:|g|ttocete:a|oew|et|e:
a aatte: s|oa|c o: s|oalc oot|e :eie::ec to t|e
Wo:lc Coa:t. 1ae LN£:CC cooveot|oo woa|c
oat|aw oa: Coooa| |y kese:vat|oo, |o coooect|oo
Page 29
w|t|+||a+tte:s|ovo|v|og¨c|sc:|a|o+t|oo¨|oeca·
c+t|oo.
T|eLN£:CCCooveot|ooAg+|ostD|sc:|a|o+
t|oo |o £cac+t|oo |+s oot |eeo :+t|aec |y t|e
Lo|tec :t+tes :eo+te, |at c+o |e sa|a|ttec |o:
:+t|ac+t|oo w|eoeve: +ca|o|st:+t|oo |o:ces t||o|
t|e t|ae |s :|g|t.
A|oatt|et|aet|eLN£:CCt:e+tyw+scoa·
¡|etec,+Coaa|tteeoom|ss|oo+ocC:g+o|z+t|oo
o|t|eL :. Caceo|£cac+t|oost+:tec¡:e¡+r|og
+ :e¡o:too t|e |ece:+| gove:oaeot s:o|e |o eca-
c+t|oo. T|e · ··¡+ge:e¡o:t, A Federal Education
Agency For The Future, v+s ¡a|||s|ec |o A¡:||,
1961.
:tacy|og t||s :e¡o:t, toget|e: w|t| t|e LN£:-
CCt:e+t., + |ewcoose:v+t|ves |oCoog:ess|eg+o
to at ¡|eces toget|e:. T|ey c|scove:ec + ces|go
w|t| t|:ee a+j o: |e+ta:es .
( 1 ) A massive federal-aid program will eliminate
�tate, local, and private financing of schools and col­
leges, and thus transfer to the federal government total
responsibility for education.
(2) This responsibility will be placed in a federal
agency with such broad administrative powers that it
will not be answerable to Congress or to the public. It
will get public money from Congress on a blank-check
basis so that it can erect and direct the kind of. Ameri­
can educational system officialdom wants.
(3) The federal education agency will, however, be
answerable to the United Nations, makin� regular re­
ports to, and working under the general supervision
of, UNESCO.
Co)a|y 1 1, 1961 , aveke¡a|||c+oaea|e:s o|
t|eHoase £cac+t|oo +ocL+|o: Coaa|ttee a|ec
+ :e¡o:t:eve+||og |oesseoce, t|+t |ece:+| +|c to
ecac+t|ooc+o|a¡|eaeot+ sc|eae to cest:oyoa:
ecac+t|oo+| s.steas +oc |a||c, oo t|e|: :a|os, +
soc|+||zec systea to |e :a- |y + |ece:+| +geocy
aoce: t|e sa¡e:v|s|oo o| |ote:o+t|oo+| soc|+||sts
+oc coaaao|sts |oLN£:CC.( 15)
What To Do
J |et|:e+t|s:e+| +ocg:e+t. Iote:o+t|oo+| so-
c|+||sts +:e cete:a|oec to coot:o| ecac+t|oo |o
Aae:|ca,+oc¡:e¡+:et||so+t|oo|o:sa::eoce:to
+ ooe·vo:|c·soc|+||st gove:oaeot.
T|e |oc|v|ca+| coose:v+t|ve can ûg|t t||s
sc|eae.Hec+o¡att||s|o|o:a+t|oo|otot|e|+ocs
o| ot|e: Aae:|c+os oot +|:e+cy +|e:tec. He c+o
cea+oc t|+t every ¡a|||coac|+| t+|e + c|e+:·cat
st+oc+g+|ostall forms o||ece:+|+|ctoecac+t|oo.
Coog:ess s|oa|c :eject eûo:ts to c:e+te + De-
¡+:taeot o| £cacat|oo, |t s|oa|c :eject all o|
P:es|ceot )o|osoo s oew |ece:+|·+|c·to·ecac+t|on
¡:o¡os+|s , |ts|oa|c :e¡e+| +|| ex|st|og |+vs coo
ce:o|og, +oc oa||||y +|| :a¡:eae Coa:t cec|s|oos
ce+||og w|t|, ecac+t|oo|ec+ase +|| sac| |+ws
+occec|s|oos+:ec|e+:v|o|+t|ooso|t|eCoost|ta·
t|oo.
ße|o:e |ote:o+t|oo+||sts c+o t+|e ove: oa:
sc|oo|s,t|eyaasta:stgett|esc|oo|saoce:coo-
t:o| o| + |ece:+| +geocy. :to¡¡|og |ece:+| +|c
woa|c sto¡ |ece:+| coot:o|.
FOOTNOTES
( 1 ) Article by Bob Hollingsworth from Washington, The Dallas
Times Herald, January 1 2, 1965, pp. l A, 8A
( 2 ) AP dispatch from Washington, The Dallas Times Herald, Jan­
uary 1 2, 1965, p. 6A
( 3 ) UPI dispatch from Washington, The Dallas Morning News,
January 1 2, 1965, Sec. 1 , p. 3
( 4) Federal Aid to Education, Congressional Quartedy Special
Report, September, 1 961 , 39 pp.
( 5 ) "What Congress Did," Cong" essional QUa>·terly leekly Report,
October 9, 1 964, p. 2377
(6) COllg1'essional Quarterly Almanac for 1 963, pp. 70, 75
( 7) "Other Voices . . . An MD's Words of Dissent," The Dallas
Times Herald, January 10, 1965, p. 6C
( 8) Speech by U. S. Representative John M. Ashbrook (Rep., Ohio ) ,
Congreslonal Record, July 2 , 1 964, pp. 1 5416-24 (daily) '
( 9) Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1 957,
U. S. Bureau of the Census, 1960, pp. 7, 7 1 1 , 723
( 1 0 ) Congressional Record, January 4, 1965, p. 44 (daily)
( 1 1 ) The Tablet, Brooklyn, New York, March 29, 1958, pp. 1, 33
( 12 ) "What Went Wrong With U. S. Schools," U. S. News &
Wodd Report, January 24, 1958, pp. 68-77
( 1 3 ) Letter, U. S. Representative Otto E. Passman (Dem., La. ) ,
dated July 1 5¶ 1964, giving resume of statistical data o n gold
and debts of U. S. and world
( 14) The UNESCO Convention Against Discrimination i n Education
has 18 Articles. Here is the full text of the first 9 Articles
(which contail) the essential pwvisions, the last 9 Articles deal­
ing generally with procedures for ratification, and so on) :
ARTICLE 1
1 . For the purposes of this Convention, the term "discrimination"
includes any distinction, exclusion, limitation or preference which,
being based on race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other
opinion, national or social origin, economic condition or birth, has
the purpose or effect of nullifying or impairing equality of treatment
in education in particular:
(a) of depriving any person or group of persons of access to edu­
tion of any type or at any level;
(b) of l i miting any person or group of persons to education of an
inferior standard;
(c) subj ect to the provisions of Article 2 of this Convention, of
establishing or maintaining separate education
,
al systems or in­
stitutions for persons or groups of persons; or
(d) of infl icting on any person or group of persons conditions
which are incompatible with the dignity of man.
2. For the purposes of this Convention, the term "education" refers
to all types and leve"ls of education, and includes access to education,
the standard and quality of education, and the conditions under which
it is given.
Page 30
ARTICLE 2
1 . The establishment ·or maintenance of separate educational systems
or institutions for pupils of the two sexes 'shall not be deemed to
constitute discrimination if these systems or institutions offer equiva­
lent access to education, provide a teaching staff with qual ifications of
the same standard as well as school premises and equipment of the
same quality, and afford the opportunity to take similar courses of
study.
2. The establishment or maintenance, for religious or linguistic
reasons, of separate educational systems or institutions offering an
education which is i n keeping with the wishes of the pupi l ' s parents
or legal guardians shall not be deemed to constitute discrimination if
participation i n such systems or attendance at such institutions is
optional and if the education provided conforms to the standards for
education of the same level laid down or approved by the competent
authorities.
3. The establishment or maintenance of private educational insti­
tutions shall not be deemed to constitute discrimination if the object
of the institutions is not to secure the exclusion of any group but
to provide educational facil i ties in addition to those provided by the
public authorities, i f they are conducted in accordance with that
obfect, and if the education provided conforms to the standards laid
down or approved by the competent authorities.
ARTICLE 3
In order to eliminate and prevent discrimination within the meaning
of this Convention, the States Parties thereto undertake:
( a) to abrogate any statutory provisions and any administrative
i nstructions and to discontinue any administrative practices
which involve discrimination in education;
( b) to ensure, by legislation where necessary, that there is no dis­
crimination i n the admission of pupils to educational institu­
tions;
( c ) not to allow any differences Qf treatment by the public authori­
ties except on the basis of merit or need, in the matter of
school fees and the grant of scholarships or other forms of
assistance to pupils and necessary permits and facilities for the
pursuit of studies i n foreign countries;
( d) not to al l ow, in any form of assistance granted by the public
authorities to educational institutions, any restriction or prefer­
ence based solely on the ground that pupils belong to a particu­
lar group;
( e) to give foreign nationals resident within their territory the
same access to education as that given to their own nationals.
ARTICLE 4
The States Parties to this Convention undertake furthermore to
formulate, develop and apply a national pol icy which, by methods
appropriate to the circumstances and to national usage, wi l l tend to
promote equal ity of opportunity and of treatment in the matter 01
education and in particular:
( a) to make primary education free and compulsory; make secon­
dary education in its different forms generally available and
accessible to al l ; make higher education equally accessible to
all on the basis of individual capacity; assure compliance by
al l with the obligation to attend school prescribed by law;
( b) to ensure that the standards of education are equivalent in
al l public educational institutions of the same level, and that
the conditions relating to the quality of the education pro­
vided are also equivalent;
( c ) to encourage and intensify by appropriate methods the edu­
cation of persons who have not received any primary education
or who have not completed the entire primary education course;
( d) to provide training for the teaching profession without dis­
crimination.
ARTICLE 5
1 . The States Parties to this Convention agree that:
( a) education shall be di rected to the ful l development of the
human personality and to the strengthening of respect for
human rights and fundamental freedoms; i t shall promote un­
derstanding, tolerance and friendship among all natio,\s, racial
or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the
United Nations for the maintenance of peace;
( b) the liberty of parents and, where appl icable, of legal guardians,
to choose for their children institutions other than those main­
tained by the public authorities but conforming to the minimum
educational standards laid down or approved by the competent
authorities should be respected, as wel l as their freedom to
ensure the religious and moral education of the children in
conformity with their own convictions; and no person or group
of persons should be compelled to receive religious instruction
inconsistent with his or their convictions;
( c) it is essential to recognize the right of members of national
minorities to carry on their own educational activities, including
the maintenance of schools and, depending on the national
policy, of each State, the use or the teaching · of thei r own
language,' provided however:
( i ) that this right i s not exercised in a manner which pre­
vents the members of these minorities from understanding
the culture and language of the community as a whole and
from participating i n its activities, or which prejudices
national sovereignty; and
( i i ) that the standard of education is not lower than the
general standard laid down or approved by the competent
authorities.
2. The State Parties to this Convention undertake to take al l
necessary measures to ensure the appl ication of the principles enun­
ciated in paragraph 1 of this article.
ARTICLE 6
In the application of this Convention, the States Parties to it under­
take to pay the greatest attention to' any recommendations hereafter
adopted by the General Conference of the United Nations Educational,
Scientific and Cultural Organization defining the measures to be taken
against the different forms of discrimination in education and for the
purpose of ensuring equality of opportunity and of treatment i n
education.
ARTICLE 7
The States Parties to this Convention shall in their periodic reports
submitted to the General Conference of the United Nations Educa­
tional, Scientific and Cultural Organization on dates and in a man­
ner to be determined by it, give information on the legislative and
administrative provisions which they have adopted and other action
which they have taken for the application of this Convention, in­
cluding that taken for the formulation and the development of the
national policy defined in Article 4 as well as the results achieved and
the obstacles encountered in the application of that policy.
ARTICLE 8
Any dispute which may arise between any two or more States
Parties to this Convention concerning the interpretation or applica­
tion of this Convention. which is not settled by negotiation, shall
at the request of any one of the parties to the dispute be referred
to the International Court of Justice for decision, unless they agree to
another mode of settlement.
ARTICLE 9
Reservations to this Convention shall not be permitted.
( 1 5 ) Minority Report to HR 7904, July ll, 1961, by U. S. Repre­
sentatives John M. Ashbrook (Ohio) , Wi l l iam H. Ayres ( Ohio) ,
Donald C. Bruce ( Ind. ) , Edgar W. Heistand ( Calif. ) , and
Dave Martin ( Neb. ) , all Republicans
WHO I S D A N S MO O T ?
Born in Missouri, reared in Texas, Dan Smoot went to SMU getting BA and MA degrees, 1938 and 1940. In
1941, he j oined the faculty at Harvard as a Teaching Fellow, doing graduate work for a doctorate in American civili­
zation. From 1942 to 1951, he was an FBI agent: three and a half years on communist investigations; two yers L
FBI headquarters staf; almost four years on general FBI cases in various places. He resigned from the FBI and,
from 1951 to 1955, was commentator on national radio and television programs, giving both sides of controversial
issues. In July, 1955, he started his present proft-supported, free-enterprise business : publishing The Dan Smoot
Report, a weekly magazine available by subscription; and producing a weekly news-analysis radio and television
broadcast, available for sponsorship by reputable business frms, as an advertising vehicle. The Report and broadcast
give one side of important issues: the side that presents documented truth using the American Constitution as a yard­
stick. If you think Smoot's materials are efective against socialism and communism, you can help immensely-help get
subribers for the Report, commercial sponsors for the brodcast.
Page 31
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The Dan Smoot Report is exhaustively researched, carefully written, and thoroughly docu­
mented. Thus, the material in our Bound Volumes is invaluable to those interested in American
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Each Volume contains all weekly Reports for a calendar year, a table of contents, and exten­
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EACH BOUND VOLUME IS A TREASURE HOUSE OF I NFORMATI ON FOR $10.00�:�
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ON POVERTY . . . VI ETNAM . . . GEN·
ERAL MACARTHUR . . . COMMU·
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MOVEMENT . . . THE I NVI SI BLE
GOVERNMENT
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A chronol i gi cal account and analysi s
of a hi storic year -THE ASSAS·
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Page 32
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Contemporary analyses of memor·
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PRAYER DECI SI ONS . . . THE MI S·
SI SSI PPI TRAGEDY . . . BERLI N . . .
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ROPEAN COMMON MARKET . . . UN
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$ Payment Encl osed

ÏMË
1(1 Smoot fepo,t
Vol. 1 1 , No. 5 (Broadcast 493) February 1 , 1 965 Dallas, Texas
DAN SMOOT
METROPOL I TAN GOVE RNME NT
P:esiceot Lyo1oo ß. )o|osoo s iº´· :tate o| t|e Lo|oo message coota|oec ooe sect|oo ca¡·
tiooec ¨L:|ao Deve|o¡aeot¨ .
"In our urban areas the central problem today is to protect and restore man's satisfaction
in belonging to a community where he can fnd security and signifcance.
"The frst step is to break old patterns-to begin to think and work and plan for the develop­
ment of entire metropolitan areas. We will take this step with new programs of help for basic
community facilities and for neighborhood centers of health and recreation. New and existing
programs will be open to those cities which work together to develop unifed long-range policies
for metropolitan areas.
.
"We must also make important changes in our housing programs if we are to pursue these
same basic goals. So a Department of Housing and Urban Development will be needed to spear­
head this efort in our cities." ( 1)
.
T|e |e1e:a| gove:oaeot |s a|:ea1y so eoaes|ec |o t|e aûa|:s o| Aae:|cao c|t|es t|at oo ooe
|oows t|e exteot. lece:a|taxaooey |s asec |o: sc|oo|s, |ea|t| |ac|||t|es, ¡a|||c ¡owe:, :esea:c|
ao1 1eve|o¡aeot, a|:-¡o||at|oo coot:o|, wate:·¡o||at|oo coot:o|, ¡a|||c sevage, st:eets ao1 |:ee-
ways, a|:¡o:ts, we||a:e, ¡a|||c vacc|oat|oo ¡:og:aas, t:aos¡o:tat|oo, aoea¡|oyaeot :e||e|, ea·
¡|oyaeot se:v|ces, s¡ec|a| ¡:og:aas |o: aao¡owe: t:a|o|og aoc ceve|o¡aeot, ¡a:|s aoc :ec:ea-
t|oo |ac|||t|es, ¡a|||c | ||:a:|es, s¡ec|a| yoat| t:a|o|og, ¡:|soo |ac|||t|es, ¡o||ce act|v|t|es, j aveo||e·
ce||oqaeocy coot:o|, a|sce||aoeoas ¡a|||c wo:|s.
T|e gove:oaeot s aost 1aoge:oas, ¡e:|a¡s aost exteos|ve, |ovo|veaeot m a:|ao aûa|:s IS
t|:oag| a:|ao :eoewa| .
Io o:1e: to get |ece:a| aooey |o: a:|ao :eoewa|, a:|ao coaaao|t|es aoc eot|:e :tates |ave
sc:a¡¡e1 |ao1aaeota| Aae:|cao cooce¡ts o| |:ee1oa, |oc|a1|og :|g|ts o| ¡:o¡e:ty owoe:s.
THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, a magazine published every week by The Dan Smoot Report, Inc., mail­
ing address P. O. Box 9538, Lakewood Station, Dallas, Texas 75214; Telephone TAylor 1-2303 (office
address 6441 Gaston Avenue) . Subscription rates: $1 0.00 a year, $6.00 for 6 months, $1 8.00 for two years.
For frst class mail $12.50 a year; by airmail ( including APO and FPO) $14.50 a year. Reprints of speifc
issues: I copy for 25¢; 6 for $1 .00; 50 for $5.50; 100 for $1O.00-each price for bulk mailing to one person.
Add 2% sales tax on all orders originating in Texas for Texas delivery.
Copyright by Dan Smoot, 1965. Second class mail privilege authorized at Dallas, Texas.
No Reproductions Permitted.
Page 33
ße|o:e a c|ty cao get |ece:a| tax aooey |o:
a:|ao :eoewa|, |t aast |ave zoo|og |aws ¨w|t|
teet| |o t|ea |aws g|v|og c|ty oí| c|a|s coo::o|
ove:¡:|vate:ea| estate. togaa:aoteease¡|eas|og
to |ece:a| ¡|aoe:s ßat zoo|og |aws a:e oot
eooag| L:|ao:eoewa| |ovo|ves oot ae:e|ycoo·
t:o|, |ut coo||scat|oo, o| ¡:|vate ¡:o¡e:ty.
T:ac|t|ooa||y, |t was c|aca|t |o: c|ty gove:o·
aeots, |y ea|oeot coaa|o, to cooascate ao oc-
cas|ooa| ¡|ece o| ¡:|vate ¡:o¡e:ty |o: necessary
¡a||| c ase, eveo w|eo ¡a||| c oeec was o|v|oas
aoc a:geot L:|ao :eoewa| :eqa|:es se|za:es o|
a|| ¡:|vate ¡:o¡e:ty |o |a:ge a:eas (at w|ateve:
cost | otax aooey, , aoc |t a¡:oots eot|:e coa·
aao|t|eso||aa|||esaocesta|||s|ec|as|oesses ( at
w|ateve:cost|o |ea:t|:ea|aoc aoaoc|a| |oss |o:
t|ose a¡:ootec, ìo· ao public a--!ao|ess tea:-
|ogcowoaoc:e|a||c|ugw|o|e sect|ooso|a c|ty
to ¡|ease ¡a|||c ¡|aoo|og oac|a|s |e coost:aec
as ¨¡a||| coeec. ¨
How c|c c|ty gove:oaeots acqa|:e ¡owe: to
eliminate ¡:|vate ¡:o¡e:ty :|g|ts : Co Novea|e:
22, i º·!, t|e L. : :a¡:eae Coa:t :eve:sec a
|owe:|ece:a|coa:t:a||og|oaWas||cgtoo,D c. ,
a:|ao :eoewa| case( 2 ) T|e |owe: coa:t|acsa| c.
"One man's land cannot be seized by the Gov­
ernment and sold to another man merely in order
that the purchaser may build upon it a better
house or a house which better meets the govern­
ment's idea of what is appropriate or well·de­
signed. "( 2)
T|e :a¡:eae Coa:t|e|c, | oesseoce,t|atCoo-
g:ess, |o t|e D|st:|ct o| Co|aa||a, |as ao||a|tec
aat|o:|ty to cete:a|oe w|at t|e ¡a|||c gooc |s,
aocao||a|tec¡owe:toaseaoyaeaostoac||eve
t|at gooc T|e Coa:t sa|c t|at :tate |eg|s|ata:es
|avet|esaae¡owe:ove:a||coaaao|t|es|ot|e|:
:tates. ·'
:|oce t||s lº·!:a¡:eae Coa:t cec|s|oo, aaoy
:tate |eg|s|ata:es |ave eoactec s¡ec|a| a:|ao:e-
oewa| |aws-¨aat|o:|z|og¨ c|ty gove:oaeots to
cooascate ¡:|vate :ea| estate |o: a:|ao·:eoewa|
¡:oj ects
Loa¡|ex|ty o| |ece:a| |ote:veot|oo |o coa
aao|tyaûa|:s|asc:eatecw|atP:es|ceot)o|osoo
ca||st|eoeec|o:aoewca||oet¡ostto|eoaaec
De¡a:taeote|Hoas|ogaocL:|aoDeve|o¡aeot
ßat t|e:e |s ao:e to t||s ¡:o¡osa| t|ao ao eûo:t
togeta||t|e|ece:a|gove:oaeot s¨a:|aoaûa|:s¨
¡:og:aas aca|o|ste:ec |y ooe ageocy He:e |s
t|e|eytot|e P:es|ceots ¨L:|ao Deve|o¡aeot¨
stateaeot .
"N ew and existing programs will be open
to those cities which work together to develop
unifed long-range policies for metropolitan
areas e e 4 e "
(
1)
maoy aet:o¡o||tao a:eas |o t|e Lo|tec :tates
c:oss :tate ||oes T|eNewYo:| C|ty aet:o¡o|| ·
tao a:ea, |o: exaa¡|e, |oc|aces ¡o:t|oos o|New
Yo:|, New )e:sey, aoc Coooect|cat. Io: aao·
yea:s, soc|a||sts aoc ot|e: cevotees o| gove:o·
aeota|¡|aoo|og|ot|eLo|tec:tates,|avea:guec
aga|ost aa|t|¡||c|ty o| gove:oaeotc|v|s|oo o|
t|eoat|oo|oto:tates,Coaot|es,aocC|t|es T|ese
se¡a:ategove:oaeota|aat|o:|t|esove:|a¡,tosoae
ceg:ee, aoc a|| ca¡||cate ¨¡a|||c se:v|ces¨ oow
|e|og ¡e:|o:aec |y t|e |ece:a| gove:oaeot.
Acvocates o|gove:oaeota| ¡|aoo|og |ave v|s·
|ooso|aoew||oco|Aae:|ca. t|eywoa|ct:aos-
|o:a oa: ao|oo o|sove:e|go:tates |otoa :eg|oo·
a||y·¡|aooec, aooo||t||ca||y·ao|aec oat|oo, c|-
v|cec |oto a sco:e o| aet:o¡o||tao a:eas w||c|
s¡:aw|ac:oss:tate|oaoca:y||oes.£ac|a:eaw|||
|e:a|ec,att|e ¨|oca||eve|, ¨|yoo|yooegove:o-
aeota|aat|o:|ty. aaet:o¡o||taogove:oaeot. £x·
|st|oggove:oaeotsC|ty,Coaoty,aoc:tatew|||
eveotaa||y |e a|o||s|ec
Io|t|a||y, eac| aet:o¡o||tao aat|o:|ty w||| |evy
taxes c|:ect|y oo |oca| c|t|zeos , |at w|eo t|e
w|o|eoat|ou|as|eeoo:gao|zec|otoaet:o¡o||tao
a:eas, taxat|oo cao |e aace ao||o:a ( aoc |oca|
o¡¡os|t|oototaxese||a|oatec, |ya|o||s||og|oca|
taxes A|| taxes caot|eo|e|ev|ec|yt|eceot:a|
gove:oaeot |o Was||ogtoo.
£ac| aet:o¡o||tao a:ea w||| |egove:oec |y a
¡:o|ess|ooa| aaoage:. met:o¡o||tao coaoc||aeo
o: coaa|ss|ooe:s e|ectec |y t|e ¡eo¡|e w||| a¡-
¡o|ott|eaaoage:w|ow||||eaoswe:a||e,|ow·
eve:, oot to t|e ¡eo¡|e |e gove:us, |at to t|e
sa¡:eae ¡o||t|ca| ¡owe: |o Was||ogtoo.
Page 34
met:o¡o||tao Aae:|ca t|as |e|og ¡|aooec |s
st:|||ogly s|a||a: to t|e :ov|et Aae:|ca w||c|
coaaao|sts |ave loog acvocatec. T|e :ov|et
sc|eaecao|e|oaoc|oToward A Soviet America}
w:|tteo|o l ºª:|yW|ll|aaze|alooloste: ( t|eo
to¡ oac|al o| t|e L :. coaaao|st ¡a:tyj .
L||e:a|s, w|o a:e ¡as||og ¡|aos |o: a met:o·
¡ol|taoAae:|ca,|aveoo|a|t||ot|e|:eecoaaoc
|oc|v|caal|sa w||c| |a||t oa: g:eat c|t|es, |a|
t|eyseeacoov|ocect|atcoa¡also:y,tax·ûoaocec
gove:oaeotal¡|aoo|ogcaoc:eate|eaveoooea:t|.
A û:stste¡towa:c aet:o¡ol|taogove:oaeot
|s t|e aco¡t|oo o| c|ty aaoage:s||¡, toget|e:
w|t| st:oog zoo|og laws, |yt|e coa|oaot c|ty |o
a aet:o¡ol|tao a:ea. T|e |cea s¡:eacs to sa:·
:oaoc|og, a|oo: c|t|es aot|l |t seeas |og|cal
to coosol.cate all |oto ooe aet:o¡ol·tao gove:o·
aeot, aoce: ooe a¡¡o|otec aaoage:.
T|ea:gaaeotw||c|¡e:saacesaaoytosa¡¡o:t
c|ty·aaoage:gove:oaeot|st|atgove:oaeot|ya
aaoage:|a|ex¡e:tw|l||eao:eeac|eot,lesscostly
|at |tgeoe:al|y |oc:eases cost. T|e c|ty |ee¡s
e|ectec oac|alssa¡e:|a¡os|ogt|eaaoage:aoc
||s sec:eta:|at oo ex|st|og oaces. ''
Iosoaec|t|es (Dallas,|o:exaa¡|ej , c|ty·aaoa·
ge:gove:oaeotcoesootv|olateAae:|cao¡:|oc|-
¡les o| sel|·gove:oaeot, |ecaase e|ectec oac|als
||:et|ec|tyaaoage:asaoaca|o|st:ato: ooly. lo
ot|e: c|t|es, electec oac|a|s a:e s|a¡|y w|ocow
c:ess|og aoc :a||e: staa¡s |o: t|e a¡¡o|otec
aaoage:.
Ioaost cases, ex|st|og c|ty aoc coaotygove:o-
aeotsaast|ea|ol|s|ec|e|o:ea|lcao|ecooso||-
catec |oto a aet:o¡ol|tao gove:oaeot. Coaot|es
aocc|t|esa:ec:eatecaoce::tateaat|o:|ty. ße|o:e
t|eycao|ea|o||s|ec, t|e:tateaastg|ve¡e:a|s·
s|oo. T||s cao |e cooe oo a se|ect|ve |as|s, |at
t|at woa|c :eqa|:e |o||y|og aoc coot:ove:sy |o:
t|ec:eat|ooo|eac|aet:o¡ol|taogove:oaeot. A
qa|c|e: way |s |o: t|e :tate leg|slata:e to eoact
a |oae-:ale iaw, geoe:a||y aat|o:iz|og c|:|es aoc
coaot|es to c|aoge t|e|: |o:as o| gove:oaeot
w|t|oat :e|e:eoce to t|e :tate |eg|s|ata:e. Home
rule soaocsgooctot|osew|o|e||eve|o|ee¡|og
gove:oaeotal aat|o:|ty c|ose to |oae, |at|oae
:ale coes oot|:|oggove:oaeot|y electec |oae
|o||s |t|:|ogs gove:oaeot|y appointed ex¡e:ts
ove: w|oa |ocal vote:s aoc tax¡aye:s |ave l|ttle
coot:ol.
Bri ef History of Expertism
J |eNat|ooa|mao|c|¡a|Leagaewaso:gao|zec
|ol ºº!,|eacqaa:te:s|oNewYo:|,toûg|tg:a|t
aoc co::a¡t|oo |o aao|c|¡a| gove:oaeots. ßy
l ºl · , t|e Leagae |ac a¡¡a:eotly a|aocooec t|e
|cea o| reforming c|ty gove:uaeots, |o |avo: o|
changing t|ea. At aoy :ate, |o l ºl · ag|tat|oo
|o:c|tyaaoage:s||¡|ecaaet|e¡:|oc|¡alact|v|ty
o| t|eNat|ooa| mao|c|¡alLeagae.(4)
T|eLeagaes|as|c¡:|oc|¡leo|execat|vegov·
e:oaeot |y a¡¡o|otec ex¡e:ts, w|t| electec oa·
c|als ¡e:|o:a|og ce:eaoo|a| :oles aoc exe:c|s|og
t|e ¡e:|aoctory caty o| a¡¡:ov|og aoc :a|s|og
|aocs |o: t|ec|tyaaoage:s sc|eaest:|aa¡|ec
|o lºªª w|eo l:ao|||o D. kooseve|t |ot:ocacec
a||oc:ecsystea|o:t|eoat|ooa|gove:oaeot.
J |eNat|ooalmao|c|¡a|Leagae|oNewYo:|
wast|e¡a:eoto:gao|zat|ooo|aaoyot|e:s, aost
o| w||c| we:e s¡awoec ca:|og t|e cays o| t|e
oew cealaoc w||c| g:av|tatec to C||cago as
oat|ooal |eacqaa:te:s.
(
3)
loA¡:|l, lºªº, the University o|C||cage com­
¡letec, at l ª l ª £ast ´ct| :t:eet, a |a|lc|og to
|oase o:gao|zat|oos cevotec to |atc||og sc|eaes
|o: :eaa||og Aae:|ca. Tocay, l ª l ª £ast ´ct|
:t:eet |s oat|ooa| |eacqaa:te:s |o: : ª o:gao|za·
t|oos, aostly tax·exea¡t, ûoaocec |y tax·|:ee
|oaocat|oos ( l||e koc|e|e||e:, Ca:oeg|e, )al|as
koseowalc,kasse|l:age,lo:cj .(5)
T|as, l ª l ª £ast ´ct| :t:eet, C||cago, |as |e-
coae a oa:|eoa|center for the production of ex­
¡e:tsto |a|:|cate ¨¡:og:ess|ve¨ |eg|slat|oo io:
Page 35
gove:oaeo:s +:+|| |eve|s , :o :ew:|:e ::+:e coos:|·
:e:|oos , :o 1:+w aµ ao1e| zoo|og |+ws, a:|+o
:eoew+| |+ws, +o1 |oae·:e|e |+ws , +o1 :o µ:o·
v|1e µ:oiess|oo+| a+o+ge:s w|eoeve: µeoµ|e |o
+oy|oc+||:y+:e:e+1yio:gove:oaeo:|y|aµo::e1
sµec|+||s:s +s + sa|s:|:e:e io: gove:oaeo: |y
e|ec:e1 |oc+| c|:|zeos.
No: +|| c|:·
¡
:+o+ge:s +o1 coeo:y a+o+ge:s |o
:|e Lo|:e1 ::+:es coae 1|:ec:|y i:oa l ª l ª, |e:
:|e:+µ:oo:soi:|e|:¨coo:+c:s, ¨|ioo::|e|:::+|o·
|og, c+o ese+||y |e::+ce1 :o :|+:soe:ce. ''
A Cl assic Case Study
¡o lº: l , m|+a| (ooe oi :´ aao|c|µ+||:|es |o
D+1eCoeo:y,l|o:|1+, +1oµ:e1c|:ya+o+ge:s||µ.
ßy lº!:, seve:+| oi:|e|esse: aeo|c|µ+||:|es |+1
io||owe1sa|:,+o1|:w+s:|ae:oaoveio:cooso||·
1+:|oo oi :|e v|o|e coeo:y |o:o me::oµo||:+o
Gove:oaeo: ao1e: ooe a+o+ge:
Io lº!:,:|eD+1eCoeo:ykese+:c|loao1+:|oo
w+sc:e+:e1 I:v+scoaµose1 oi¡:oa|oeo:|oc+|
c|:|zeos 1evo:e1 :o :|e |1e+| oi |a||1|og |e::e:
gove:oaeo:io::|e+:e+ Io1aecoa:se,:|eD+1e
Coeo:·kese+:c|loeo1+:|ooa+1e+1e+|w|:|:|e
Deµ+::aeo: oi Gove:oaeo: +: :|e Lo|ve:s|:y oi
m|+a|:o 1o |:s :ese+:c|.··
Doo+|1k. L+:soo, |e+1 oi:|e Deµ+::aeo: oi
Gove:oaeo:, |+1coae:om|+a|i:oa:|eo+:|oo·
+||e+1qe+::e:soiexµe::|sai ª i ª £. ´c:|:::ee:,
C||c+go He µe:se+1e1 :|e Lo|ve:s|:y :o sa|·
coo::+c::|e:ese+:c|wo:| :o :|e Pe|||c A1a|o|-
s::+:|oo :e:v|ce, i ª l ª £. ´c:| :::ee:, C||c+go ·'
Pe|||cA1a|o|s::+:|oo:e:v|ce|+1+|:e+1y1ooe
:|e :ese+:c| T|e soc|+| sc|eo:|s:s :|e:e +|:e+1y
|oevv|+:||o1oigove:oaeo::|eyv+o:e1D+1e
Coeo:y :o |+ve ße: a:s:, :|ey |+1 :o µe:se+1e
:|el|o:|1+::+:eLeg|s|+:a:e:og:+o:D+1eCoao:y
+ |oae·:e|e c|+::e: v||c| voe|1 ce: |: |oose
i:oacoo::o||.:|e::+:egove:oaeo:. T|eµo||:|·
c+|·µ:oµ+g+o1+ vo:|v+s 1ooe |y |oc+| c|:|zeos
+o1 o:g+o|z+:|oos ao1e: |e+1e:s||µ oi :|e ex·
µe::s
C|:|zeosoi:|e.´aao|c|e+||:|es|oD+1eCoao·
:ywe:e:o|1:|+:+ cooso||1+:|oooigove:oaeo:+|
se:v|ces woe|1 e||a.o+:e cos:|y 1aµ||c+:|oo +o1
µ:o1eceg:e+:e: eac|eocy +o1 ecoooay, ye: :|ey
we:e +ssa:e1 :|+: :|eµeoµ|e |oe+c|aeo|c|µ+||:·
voe|1coo:|oee:oa+o+ge:|e|:owogove:oaeo:+|
+û+|:s.
Com+y.l , lº·:, +|oa:ooe·ioe::|oi:|eqe+||·
ûe1vo:e:soiD+1eCoeo:y,l|o:|1+,+µµ:ove1,|y
+o+::owa+:g|o ( !! l :· :o!., !!º, , +1oµ:|oooi
+ me::o C|+::e:. ßa: |a¡e:iec:|oos sooo+¡-
µe+:e1.
Ag|+oce+::|eme::oµo||:+oGove:oaeo:C|+:-
:e: (vo:e1 aµoo :|e w|o|e µoµe|+:|oo oi D+1e
Coeo:y, l|o:|1+, |y l i¨- oi:|eqe+||ûe1vo:e:s,
w||| |o1|c+:e :|e qe+||:y oi :|ose |a¡e:iec:|oos.
T|ea:s:seo:eoceoiA::|c|eI,oiD+1eCoao:y's
me::oC|+::e: .
"The Board of County Commissioners shall
be the legislative and the governing body of the
county and shall have the power to carry on a
central metropolitan government. "( 7)
D+1eCoeoty:|assc:+µ¡e1:|eAae:|c+oµ:|o·
c|µ|e :|+: :|e µowe:s oi gove:oaeo: s|oe|1 |e
seµ+:+:e1 W|eo:|e µeoµ|ew|o a+|e|+ws+:e
:|es+aeooesw|o+1a|o|s:e:,+1j a1|c+:e,+o1eo·
io:ce :|e |+vsgove:oaeo: |ecoaes :y:+oo|c+|.
A|:|oag|:|eD+1eCoeo:yme::o C|+::e: ||s:s
+o1 g:+o:s :o :|e Coao:y Coaa|ss|ooe:s eve:y
cooce|v+||eµowe: :|+:+gove:oaeo:a|g|:v+o:,
:|eC|+::e:s:|µe|+:es:|+::|eCoaa|ss|ooe:ss|+||
oo:|e :es::|c:e1 :o µowe:s | |s:e1.
He:e|sooe+wesoaeg:+o:oiµowe:w||c|:|e
D+1e Coao:y me::o C|+::e:a+|es:o :|e ßo+:1
oi Coaa|ss|ooe:s.
"The Board shall have the power of eminent
domain and the right to condemn property for
public purposes. The Board shall make fair and
j ust compensation for any properties acquired in
the exercise of its powers, duties, or functions."( 7 )
Aoy:||og+ a+o owos c+o |ese|ze1, io: w|+:·
eve: µe:µose :|e coaa|ss|ooe:s a+y coos|1e:
¨¡e|||c. ¨ T|e ¨j as: coa¡eos+:|oo¨ |e :ece|ves
Page 36
io: ||s ¡:o¡e:ty |s cete:a|oec |y t|e ¡owe: t|at
se|zec |t.

:ect|oo i . c. oi t|e Dace Coaoty C|a:te: ¡:o·
v:cest|atgeoe:a|o:c|oaoces¡assec|yt|eßoa:c
oiCoaa|ss|ooe:saast|eg|veoa¡a|||c|ea:|og
|eio:e ûoa| ¡assage, |at t|e :eqa|:eaeots io:
¡a|||c|z|og t|e |ea:|og a:e sac| t|at t|e ßoa:1
coa|c va||c|y |o|c a |ea:|og w|t|oat t|e Dace
Coaoty ¡a|||c |oow|og a|oat |t. Yet, to aa|e
sa:et|atmet:o|soot|aoc|ca¡¡ec|yaoy:eqa|:e-
aeots (|oweve: vagaej to |et t|e ¡eo¡|e |oow
w|at |s go|og oo, t|e C|a:te: says
"No ordinance shall be declared invalid by
reason of any defect in publication 4 a 4 4 "( 7)
A:t|c|es I aoc Il oi t|e Dace Coaoty C|a:te:
aa|e a g:aot oi ao||a|tec ¡owe: to a ßoa:c oi
Coaa|ss|ooe:s w|o a:e e|ectec |y t|e ¡eo¡|e.
ßatt|eoexta:t|c|e:eqa|:est|esee|ectecoac|a|s
to t:aosie: aost oi t|at ¡owe: to ao a¡¡o|otec
coaotyaaoage: w|oa t|ey w||| t|eo |ave ||tt|e
coot:o| ove:exce¡t to a:e ||a.(7)
:ect|oo ª. c., oo qaa||acat|oos oi t|e coaoty
aaoage:, says .
"At the time of his appointment he need not
be a resident of the state . . . . "( 7)
:oc|a| sc|eoce ex¡e:ts at l ª i ª |oC||cago,w|o
w:ote a met:o C|a:te: io: t|e ¡eo¡|e oi Dace
Coaoty, l|o:|ca, |eit t|e coo: o¡eo io: ooe oi
t|e|: owo to aove |o as aaoage:.
:ect|oo ª.c!oat||oest|ecoaotyaaoage:s¡ow·
e:s aoc cat|es.
"The Manager shall have the power to appoint
and remove all administrative ofcers and em­
ployees of the county subject to the provisions of
this Charter and civil service rules and regula­
tions."( 7 )
:ect|oo ª. c· ¡|aces :est:|ct|oos oo t|e e|ectec
aea|e:s oit|e|oa:coicoaa|ss|ooe:s .
"Neither the Board nor any of its members
shall direct or request the appointment of any
person to, or his removal from, ofce by the
Manager or any of his subordinates, or take part
in the appointment or removal of ofcers and
employees in the administrative service of the
county . . . . The Board and its members shall
deal with the administrative service solely through
the Manager and neither the Board nor any
me
I
bers thereof shall give orders to any sub­
ordmate of the Manager, either publicly or pri­
vately.
"Any wilful violation of the provisions of this
Section by a member of the Board shall be
grounds for his removal from ofce by an action
brought in the Circuit Court by the State At­
torney of this county." ( 7)
No aatte: t|at t|e coaa|ss|ooe:s, t|e oo|y
e|ectec oac|a|s |ot|ecoaoty, a|g|t |e t:y|ogto
ex¡osec:|a|oa|s,coaaao|sts,o:ot|e:scoaoc:e|s,
w|oa t|e aaoage: coa|c |ave |osta||ec |o t|e
¡o||ce ce¡a:taeot aoc e|sew|e:e |i a coaa|s·
s|ooe: gets |o t|e a¡¡o|otec aaoage:s way t|e
elected official cao |e i|:ec, oot t|e appointed
expert.
J|emet:oC|a:te:was|a:c|yaco¡tec|eio:e
c|t|zeos |o Dace Coaoty ioaoc t|ey |ac votec
t|ease|ves |oto sa¡e:-gove:oaeot |eyooc t|e|:
coot:o|. Cmc|a|soit|e.´se¡a:ateaao|c|¡a||t|es
|oDaceCoaoty|acacce¡tecassa:aocest|att|e|:
coaaao|t|eswoa|coot|osese|i·gove:oaeot. A|-
aost |aaec|ate|y, |oweve:, t|e oew ßoa:c oi
Coaa|ss|ooe:s sta:tec ¡ass|og o:c|oaoces w||c|
e||a|oatec se|i·gove:oaeot |o t|e coaoty. Io·
staoceseico::a¡t|oo, iavo:|t|sa,waste, aocot|e:
ev||s att:||atectomet:o,|ecaaea¡¡a:eots|o:t|y
aite:t|eoewgove:oaeot was io:aec.
Peo¡|e ioaoc t|at |osteac oi :ecacec taxes
t|:oag| ¨ao:e eac|eot gove:oaeot¨ t|ey |ac
ao:e |::es¡oos|||e s¡eoc|og oi ¡a|||c aooey
aoc ao:egove:oaeo:a| |a:assaeo: . io:exaa¡|e,
|osoaeDace Coao:y coaaao|t|es, c|t|zeos we:e
:eqa|:ec to|ave two saiety st|c|e:s oot|e|: ca:.
ooeio:t|eaao|c|¡a|gove:oaeot,eoeio:met:o.
W|:||o s|x aoot|s ai:e: aet:o¡o||tao gove:o·
aeot |ac |eeo votec a¡oo DaceCoaoty, !·, ccc
vote:s|acs|goeca¡et|t|ooas||ogio:aoe|ect|oo
toaco¡taoaaeocaeot:esto:|ogsoaeaatoooay
:o :|ei: |oca| ci:ies. 1|e election was eventually
|e|c oo :e¡tea|e: ªc, iº·º , |at a aajo:|ty o

i
Page 37
a|oat ooe·t||:c oi Dace Coaoty s qaa||ûec e|ec·
to:atevotec to |ee¡ met:o aoc|aogec
Now, t|e to¡·|eavy|a:eaac:acy |o V|aa. |s a
j o|e evea to soae w|o sa¡¡o:tec met:o T|e
m|aa|Herald wasac||eiacvocateio:t|e|oae·
:a|ec|a:te:v||c|aacemet:o¡oss|||e. Co)aoa·
a:y:ª, l º::, t|eHerald aacet|esesa:cast|ccoa·
aeotsa|oatooeoimet:os i:eeways
"It has been pretty well established around
here that what we need is planning; we have
even had planning sessions to plan places to put
the plans we are about to plan . . . but if you
plan to go to Miami Beach on the expressway,
do not plan to get on board at 1 2th Ave. You
can get on the expressway at 1 2th Ave. if you
will, but you must go somewhere else. Miami
Beach is all right, but you just can't get there
from 1 2th Ave. unless you break through some
barricades that have been recently planned and
established to prevent automotive mayhem re­
sulting from previous planning which was per­
haps inadequate. "( 3)
Another Case
to)aoe l:, l º·º, vote:soiDav|csooCoaoty,
Teooessee(Nas|v|||ej , :ej ectecaet:o¡o||taogov·
e:oaeot T|eLo|ve:s|tyoiC||cagoaoct|elo:c
loaocat|oo|aaec|ate|y|aaoc|ecastacy|oNas|·
v|||e to |oc oat v|o o¡¡osec met:o aoc w|y
A¡¡a:eot|y,t|eyioaocoatCo)aoe:º, l º::, t|e
aatte: vas ¡at to a vote aga|o, aoc vote:s a¡·
¡:ovec aet:o¡o||tao gove:oaeot io: Dav|csoo
Coaoty met:o oac|a|s c|a|a sav|ogs |o tax co|·
|a:s , |at |oca| taxes we:e :a|sec a|aost |aaec|-
ate|yaite:aet:o¡o||taogove:oaeotwas|ost|tatec
|o Nas|v|||e (8)
To Ki l l An Octopus
Peo¡|ecaoag|tteotac|esoit|eaet:o¡o||tao·
gove:oaeotocto¡asatt|e|oca||eve|,|yo¡¡os|og
a:|ao :eoewa| ¡:oj ects aoc met:o sc|eaes. ßat
oo|yt|eL :Coog:esscaocest:oyt|eaooste:
|yv|t||o|c|ogt|eiece:a|taxaooeyw||c|ieecs
|t.
Enough ¡:essa:e i:oa a ve| |·|oio:aec ¡a|||c
coa|c ¡e:saace Coog:ess to:ejectt|eP:es|ceots
¡|ao io: a De¡a:taeot oi Hoas|og aoc L:|ao
Deve|o¡aeot, aoctosto¡a|| iece:a||ote:ie:eoce
|ot|e aûa|:s oi oa: c|t|es.
* * * * *
Fil m For Sal e
J ||sReport | sa||:ev|atec io:aoews·aoa|ys|s
ty¡ete|ev|s|oo¡:og:aa,w||c||soûe:ec|o:coa·
ae:c|a|s¡ooso:s||¡t|:oag|oatt|eLo|tec:tates.
T|e|:oaccast |s ¡:ocacec oo l ´aa soaoc i||o
T|e ¡|ay.og t|aeoi eac| .s l : a|oates, w|t| a
saaaa:y at t|e |eg|oo|og oi t|e i||a ma|t|¡|e
WHO I S D A N S MO O T ?
Born in Missouri, reared in Texas, Dan Smoot went to SMU getting BA and MA degrees, 1938 and 1940. In
1941, he joined the faculty at Harvard as a Teaching Fellow, doing graduate work for a doctorate in American civili­
zation. From 1942 to 1951 , he was an FBI agent: three and a half years on communist investigations; two yers on
FBI headquarters staf; almost four years on general FBI cases in various places. He resigned from the FBI and,
from 195 1 to 1955, was commentator on national radio and television programs, giving both sides of controversial
issues. In July, 1955, he started his present proft-supported, free-enterprise business : publishing The Dan Smoot
Report, a weekly magazine available by subscription; and producing a weekly news-analysis radio and television
broadcast, available for sponsorship by reputable business frms, as an advertising vehicle. The Report and broadcast
give one side of important issues : the side that presents documented truth using the American Constitution as a yard­
stick. If you think Smoot's materials are efective against socialism and communism, you can help immensely-help get
subribers for the Report, commercial sponsors for the broadcast.
Page 38
¡:|ots oi eac| i||a a:e aace Aite: |:oaccast
eac| wee|, t|e ¡:|ots a:e :eta:oec to t||s oace
lol º:ª, weoûe:ecal|a|a¡:ocacec|:oalº·:
t|:oag|l º:.tooa:sa|sc:||e:saoccastoae:sio:
¡:|vateaseatse:v|cecla|s,oe|g||o:|oocc|scas·
s|oo g:oa¡s, c|a:c| |e||ows||¡ g:oa¡s, college
aoc ||g| sc|ool stac.g:oa¡s, ¡at:|ot|c o:gao|za·
t|oos, |as|oess a:as, l||:a:|es, io: :eotal ase |.
¡at:|ot|c|oo|sto:es, aoc so oo
T|atala|asa|l|eeoso|c
Ca:lº:ªaoc lº:!|:oaccastala|snow avail­
able at :|e s¡ec|al ¡:|ce oi s· cc ¡e: ¡:|ot
A coa¡lete ||st oi t|tles |s ava|la||e a¡oo :e·
qaest, o: a|a aa. |e o:ce:ec |:oa |:oaccast
oaa|e:s¡a|l|s|ecoot|e lº:ªaoc lº:!Reports.
:|oce t|e sa¡¡|. oi eac| ¡:|ot |s l|a|tec, we
:eqaest t|at .oa ||st sa|st|tates A!|ow two to
t|:eewee|sio:ce||ve:.C:ce:sw|l||e¡:ocessec
|ot|eo:ce:|ow||c|t|e.a:e:ece|vec. Pa.aeot
aas: accoa¡ao. o:ce:s
FOOTNOTES
( 1 ) "Text of President Johnson's State Of The Union Message, "
Congressional Quarterly lVeekly Repo1·t, January 8, 1965, p. 5 2
( 2 ) Speech by U. S . Representative Bruce Alger ( Rep. , Texas ) ,
Cong1·essional Record, March 17, 1959, pp. 3906-392 1 ( daily)
( 3 ) Terrible 1 3 1 3 Revisited, by Jo Hindman, The Caxton Printers,
Ltd., Caldwel l, Idaho, 1963; price: $2 .00
( 4) "Terrible ' 1 3 13' , " article by Jo Hindman, American Mercury
reprint, January, 1 959, 1 2 pp.
Subscription:
1 962 Bound Volume
1963 Bound Volume
1 964 Bound Volume
The Invisible Government
Clothback
Paperbound
Pocketsize
The Hope Of The World
America's Promise
The Fearless American
(L-P Record Album)
Deacon Larkin's Horse
(L-P Record Album)
6 months ¯ $ 6.00
1 year -$10.00
- $10.00
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-$1 0.00
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-$ .50
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( 5 ) The following is a list of the 23 organizations housed at 1 31 3
East 60th Street, Chicago, taken from a booklet, "Thirteen­
Thirteen," published by The Central Services Division, Public
Administration Service, 1 3 1 3 East 60th Street, Chicago, 1957,
and Te11'ible 1 3 1 3 Revisited, by Jo Hindman ( see footnote 3 ) :
American Committee for International Municipal Cooperation
American Municipal Association
American Public Welfare Association
American Public Works Association
American Society for Public Administration
American Society of Planning Officials
Building Officials Conference of America
Conference of Chief Justices
Council of State Governments
Federation of Tax Administrators
Governors' Conference
International City Managers' Association
Interstate Clearing House on Mental Health
Municipal Finance Officers Association
National Association of Assessing Officers
National Association of Attorneys General
National Association of Housing and Redevelopment Officials
National Association of State Budget Officers
National Association of State Purchasing Officials
National Institute of Municipal Clerks
National Legislative Conference
Public Administration Service
Public Personnel Association.
( 6 ) "Metropolitanism," article by E. G. Grace, found in "What
Is Metropolitan Government ?", booklet published by E. G.
Grace, October, 1958, distributed by the Committee For The
Preservation Of The Constitution, P. O. Box 27103, Hollywood
27, California, pp. 8-24
( 7 ) "Home Rule Charter of Dade County; State of Florida," text
of Charter, Tenible 1 31 3, booklet by Don Bell Reports, P. O.
Box 2223, Palm Beach, Florida
( 8 ) "Survey Studies Those Who Opposed Metro, " The Nashville
Tennessian, August 1 3, 1958; "Modern Metro Government Evolv­
ing in Nashville," article by William Keel, the lVashinfton Post,
September 23, 1962, reprinted in the Congressional Record,
September 28, 1962, pp. A7 169-70 ( daily) ; "Metro Government
Called' Tax Saver," special staff article from Houston, The Dal­
las Morning News, August 1 3, 1963, Sec. 1, p. 14
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COMMU NI ST STU DE NT RI OTS
to )aoaa:y ª l , lº:·, t|e :eoate Iote:oa| :eca:|ty :a|coaa|ttee :e|ease1 a :e¡o:t ( o:e¡a:e1
|y t|e L||:a:y oi Coog:ess, :evea||og t|at coaaao|sts |ave saccee1e1 |o ¨aass|ve|y |oa|t:at|og
t|esta1eot aoveaeot |o Lat|o Aae:|ca. ¨ Io |||ast:at|og t|e |a¡o:taoce oi sac| |oa|t:at|oo, :eo-
ato: 1|oaas ) Do11 ( Coooect|cat Deaoc:at, v|ce c|a|:aao oi t|e :a|coaa|ttee, sa| 1
"Student riots throughout Bolivia contributed to the overthrow of the American·backed anti.
Communist government of Dr. Paz Estenssoro."( l )
Aae:|caos |aveg:owo accastoae1 to :ea1|og a|oatsta1eot:|ots |oio:e|go|ao1s, oot|oow|og
t|att|eta:ao|| is ¡a:t oia |oog·:aogeassaa|t w|ose ¡:|oc|¡a|ta:get|s t|eLo|te1 :tates iee|-
|ogsaag|yt|at |t coa|1oo· |a¡¡eo |e:e. lt|as +|:ea1y |a¡¡eoe1 |e:e, ao1 t|e wo:st |s yet to
coae,ao|essAae:|caosawa|eoao11osoaet||og.
Coaaao|sts |oc|te1 ao1 |e1 t|e l º:! sta1eot :|ots att|eLo|ve:s|ty oiCa||io:o|a |oße:|e|ey.
1|e:|ots |a1 oo s¡ec|ac, |oca||ze1 o|ject|ve. 1|eywe:e ¡a:t oia ¡:o|ooge1 test|ogo¡e:at|oo.
lo: yea:s, coaaao|sts |ave ¡:o|e1 |o ooo·coaaao|stoat|oos, io: aaeaosto 1est:oy:es¡ect
io: |awao1 o:1e: to cat t|e aoo:|ogs oi¡:|oc|¡|es ao1 t:a1|t|oo w||c| aa|e i:ee1oa |o ao
o:gao|ze1 soc|ety ¡oss|||e |eav|og ¡eo¡|e a1:|it |o ao:a|, soc|a| ao1 |ega| c|aos. Ii soc|ety
cao t|as |e to:o a¡a:t, oee1 io: :esto:at|oo oi |aw ao1 o:1e: eveotaa||y c:eates ¡a|||c 1eaao1
io: st:oog gove:oaeot w||c| cao ¡at ao eo1 to aoa:c|y. Coaaao|sts, w|o a::aoge t|e 1eao||-
t|oo oi o:1e:|y soc|ety, stao1 :ea1y to ¡:ov|1e t|e :esto:at|oo t|:oag| a 1|ctato:s||¡ oi t|e
¡:o|etat|at.
1|e sta1eot :|ots at ße:|e|ey |o1|cate t|at coaaao|sts.aite:yea:soitest|og,a:eao1|ogaway
to ¡:oaote c|v|| 1|so|e1|eoce, w||c| |s a |ey tocoaaao|stcooqaest oioa: oat|oo, i:oaw|t||o.
£a:||e: tests oi coaaao|sts' a|| ||ty to c:eate 1est:act|vesoc|a|1|so:1e:|ac|(:e1,|ecaaset|ey
we:ec:a1e, ao1 1|1oot|ovo|ve eooag| 1a¡e1 (t|oag| we||·|oteot|ooe1, ¡e:soos IoAagast ao1
:e¡:ea|e:, l º!º, io: exaa¡|e, t|e coaaao|st ¡a:ty s¡ooso:e1 two cooce:ts |y oeg:o s|oge: Paal
THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, a magazine published every week by The Dan Smoot Report, Inc., mail­
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No Reproductions Permitted.
Page 41
ko|esoo+: Pee|s||||, Nev Yo:|. ßec+ase o| :|e
s¡ooso:s||¡,+o1|ec+aseo|ko|esoo sovo:eco:1,
:|e:e v+s v|o|esoae |oc+| :eseo:aeo:. Co :|e
o|g|:o|:|ea:s:cooce::( Aagas::: lº!º, ,¡o||ce
ve:eoa:|o |o:ce :o a+|o:+|o o:1e: Coaaao|s:·
|e1 gooos +::+c|e1 oo: oo|y :|e ¡o||ce |a: |ooo·
ceo:|ys:+o1e:s.v|:||+se|+| | |+:s,|:o|eo|o::|es,
:oc|s T|ev||1ae|ee geoe:+:e1 aac| ¡a|||c|:·,
+g:e+:1e+| o||:¡:eseo:|og :|e ||oev||c| coa·
aao|s:s |+1 ¡|+ooec |o +1v+oce o+ae|y, :|+:
:o:+| :es¡oos|||||:y |o: :|e +û+|: :es:e1 oo ¨||g·
o:s,¨ +o1 ¨:+c|s:s¨ v|o ve:e ::y|og :o |ee¡ +
g:e+: oeg:o +::|s: |:oa ¡e:|o:a|og( 2)
L+:ge: c:ov1s +o1 g:ea:e: v|o|eoce +::eo1e1
:|esecoo1ko|esoocooce::oo·e¡:ec|e::, l º!º ,
|a:|o:|eeo1,:|e¡a|||cv+soo:1ece|ve1 l:v+s
o|v|oas:|+::|e Pee|s||||:|o:sve:e ¡|+ooe1 +o1
1|:ec:e1 |y coaaao|s:s |o: :|e so|e ¡a:¡ose o|
c:e+:|og ¡:oo+g+o1+ +o1 1|so:1e:. Ye:, :|e coa·
aao|s:s |+1 g+|oe1 v+|a+||e ex¡e:|eoce T|ey
c|+oge1 :+c:|cs +o1 |oc+|e( 2 )
¡a:|og l º·c, coaaao|s:s, |o j+¡+o, ex¡e:|-
aeo:e1 v|:| |oc|:|og s:a1eo: :|o:s '' T|e ex·
¡e:|aeo:s ve:e aos: saccess|a|, ao:|| Geoe:+|
Doag|+s m+cA::|a: o:1e:e1 :|e )+¡+oese gov·
e:oaeo: :o |+o coaaao|s: ¡+::y oac|+|s |:oa
¡a|||c +û+|:s.(4) T|+: s:o¡¡e1 coaaao|s:·|oc|:e1
s:a1eo: :|o:|og |o j+¡+o |o: + v|||e, |a: coa·
aao|s:s |+1 |e+:oe1 :|+: s:a1eo:s coa|1 |e ve:.
ase|a| ¡+vos :o c:e+:e c|+os |o ooo·coaaao|s:
o+:|oos.
L:|||z|og :ec|o|qaes +o1 |essoos :|ey |+1
|e+:oe1 |o j+¡+o, coaaao|s:s |os:|g+:e1 s:a1eo:
:|o:s +o1 |osa::ec:|oos |o o+:|oos :|:oag|oa: :|e
ooo·coaaao|s:vo:|1 1a:|og:|elº·c s. T|eye+:
o| aos: ||oo1s|e1 +o1 v|o|eoce v+s ¡:o|+||y
l º·º, v|eo coaaao|s:·|e1 s:a1eo: :|o:s g:ee:e1
L. ·. V|ce P:es|1eo: k|c|+:1 m. N|xoo oo ||s
:oa: o| ·oa:| Aae:|c+. T|e vo:s: ao| v+s |o
Veoezae|+, v|e:e oa: V|ce P:es|1eo: +o1 ||s
v||e, s¡+: aooo +o1 ¡e|:e1 v|:| g+:|+ge, ve:e
|o:ce1 :o see| :e|age |o :|e Aae:|c+o £a|+ssy.
As:|e1ec+1eo|:|es|x:|es|eg+ocoaaao|s:s
(v|:| lc ye+:s o| ex¡e:|eoce |o |oc|:|og s:a1eo:
:|o:s +o1 ao| v|o|eoce\ ve:e :e+1y |o: so||1 +c-
coa¡||s|aeo:sCoaaao|s:·|e1s:a1eo:1eaoos::+·
:|oos |o:ce1 :|e :es|go+:|oo o| ·yoga+o k|ee,
+o:|·coaaao|s: P:es|1eo: o| ·oa:| Ko:e+(5,
6)
m+ss|ve coaaao|s:·|oc|:e1 s:a1eo: :|o:s |o Ta:
|ey:esa|:e1|o:|e1ovo|+||o|:|e+o:|·coaaao|s:
gove:oaeo: o| P:ea|e: A1o+o meo1e:es(5, 7)
Coaaao|s:·1|:ec:e1 s:a1eo: 1eaoos::+:|oos |o
j+¡+o c+ase1 :|e j+¡+oese Gove:oaeo: :o c+oce|
+ ¡eo1|og ·:+:e v|s|: |y P:es|1eo: Dv|g|: D.
£|seo|ove:.
A|| :||s |+¡¡eoe1 1a:|og :|e a:s: s|x aoo:|s
o| lº:c, |a: :|e coaaao|s: o¡e:+:|oo o| aos:
s|go|ac+oce :o :|e ¡eo¡|e o| :|e Lo|:e1 ·:+:es
1a:|og:|+::|aeocca::e1|o·+ol:+oc|sco Io:|e
a|d1|eo|m+y, l º:c, :|e+:e+ +:oao1 C.:y H+||,
|o·+ol:+oc|sco, v+s:|esceoeo|:|e a:s:a+jo:
coaaao|s:·|e1 s:a1eo::|o:s|o:|eLo|:e1 ·:+:es.
l:oam+yl : :om+yl!, l º:c,+sa|coaa|::ee
o| :|e Hoase Coaa|::ee oo Lo·Aae:|c+o Ac:|v·
|:|es |e|1 ¡a|||c |e+:|ogs +: ·+o l:+oc|sco C|:y
H+||, |oves:|g+:|og coaaao|s: +c:|v|:|es |o :|e
ß+y+:e+.
Co m+y l :, coaaao|s:s |os|1e :|e |e+:|og
:ooa ve:e so v|o|eo:|y ao:a|y +o1 +|as|ve :|+:
:|ey |+1 :o |e :eaove1 |y |o:ce Ca:s|1e |o
:|e co::|1o:s o| :|e |a||1|og +o1 oo :|e s::ee:s
|e|ov+coaaao|s:|e1ao|o|s:a1eo:sc:e+:e1
1|s:a¡:|veoo|se+o1:a:ao|| )es:|e|o:eoooooo
m+y l ., + a+ss :+||y |oLo|oo ·qa+:e ¡:o:es:e1
:|e|e+:|ogs+o11ea+o1e1+|o||:|ooo|:|eHoase
Coaa|::ee P:|oc|¡+| s¡e+|e: +::||s :+||·v+s +o
£¡|sco¡+| c|e:gya+o k|c|+:1 ßyae|1, C+ooo
o| G:+ce C+:|e1:+|, + aea|e: o| :|e ¡e:soo+l
s:+û o| )+ces A. P||e, ß|s|o¡ o| :|e £¡|sco¡+|
D|oceseo|C+|||o:o|+C+oooßyae|1|s+|soe1|:o:
o| Pacific Churchman, oac|+| a+g+z|oe o| :|e
D|ocese.(3, 8
)
Com+yl ª, l º:c,+|+:ge:ao|g+:|e:e1W|eo
:|e |e+:|og:ooav+s a||e1, + ¡o||ce oace:, +c:·
|og+sga+:1, c|ose1:|e 1oo: +o1 +oooaoce1 :|+:
oo ooe e|se coa|1 |e +1a|::e1 T|e ao| |o :|e
co::|1o::as|e1||a ·oaeooese|ze1:|eoace:s
o|g|:s:|c|+o1|e+:||aoo:|e|e+1v|:||:.Po||ce
ao:o||e1 a:e|oses +o1 :a:oe1 s::e+as o| v+:e:
Page 42
oo t|e ao|. T||s aove1 :|ote:s |+c| i:oa t|e
|e+:|og :ooa 1oo: |at 1|1 oot 1|s¡e:se t|ea.
W|eo po||ceaove1 |otot|e ao| to :eaove t|e
|e+1e:s,+w||1ûg|teosae1 A|oat!cc¡o||ceaeo
+o1 ª·c :|ote:s we:e |ovo|ve1 Twe|ve ¡e:soos
we:e |oj a:e1. ´ ¡o||ceaeo. : û:eaeo, +o1 !
:|ote:s Two ¡o||ceaeo |+1 |e+:t +tt+c|s :|xty·
ioa::|ote:swe:e+::este1 T|:ee, |e|ogj aveo||es,
we:eootc|+:ge1 T|eot|e: ´l we:e:e|e+se1oo
|+||+ite:|e|ogc|+:ge1 w|t| |oc|t|og+ :|ot, 1|s·
ta:||og t|e ¡e+ce, +o1 :es|st|og +::est(3
,
8)
Co :+ta:1+y, m+y l !, + c:ow1 oi soae ªccc
a|||e1 +:oao1 C|ty H+||, · cc oi t|ea ¡|c|et|og
w|t| s|gos +g+|ost t|e Hoase Coaa|ttee. ios|1e
t|e |e+:|og :ooa, coaaao|sts A:c||e ß:owo
( ¨Naa|e: Two¨ coaaao|st |o C+||io:o|+ +o1
aea|e: oi H+::y ß:|1ges ao|oo, +o1 me:|e
ß:o1s|y we:e so v|o|eot t|+t t|ey |+1 to |e :e-
aove1 (+s oo t|e

a:st 1+y\ , |at oats|1e, t|e
ao| w+s :e+soo+||y ¡e+ceia|, oo t||s t||:1 +o1
ûo+| 1+y oi t|e |e+:|ogs.(3, 8)
T|e s|xty·ooe +1a|ts +::este1 oo l:|1+y, +|·
t|oag| +t a :st s+y|og t|ey woa|1 1ea+o1 j a:y
t:|+|, w+|ve1 + j a:y t:|+| +o1, |o + |o1y, weot
|eio:e :+o l:+oc|sco mao|c|¡+| )a1ge A||e:t
Axe|:o1 oo )aoe l , l º´c T|e j a1ge 1|sa|sse1
+|| t|e c+ses, +ite: s+y|og t|e:e we:e ¨+a¡|e
g:oao1s¨ io: coov|ct|oo oi +|| ´l 1eieo1+ots oo
t|e c|+:ge oieog+g|og |o + :|ot, w||c|c+::|es +
¡eo+|tyoiooeye+: |oj +||+o1+ sl ccc aoe T|e
j a1ge +¡e+:eot|y 1|1 oot coos|1e: t|e c|+:ges
oi 1|sta:||og t|e ¡e+ce +o1 :es|st|og +::est(3, 8)
£ûo:ts to ¡:osecate ooe :|ote:, io: +ss+a|t +o1
|+tte:y oo + ¡o||ce oace:, we:e aosaccessia| .
L. : ke¡:eseo:+:|veGo:1oo:c|e:e: (C||oke·
¡a|||c+o, w+s¡:eseot|o:+ol:+oc|sco+s+aea·
|e:oi t|e HCLA sa|coaa|ttee lo + s¡eec| to
t|eHoase,ke¡:eseot+t|ve:c|e:e:g+ve¡:ooit|+t
coaaao|sts ¡|+ooe1 t|e :+o l:+oc|sco :|ots |o
+1v+oce,+o1we:eoot|esceoe+s |e+1e:s, |ot|e
|e+:|og :ooa +o1 |o ao|s oats|1e, 1|:ect|og
sta1eot :|ote:s, egg|og t|ea oo( 8
)
A g:oa¡ oi |oc+| c|e:gyaeo w|o +tteo1e1 t|e
s+. r:+o.|sco ae+:|ogs, oo: +s ¡+::ici¡+o:s io :ae
:|ots |at +s t|oag|:ia| o|se:ve:s, |ssae1 + j o|o:
st+teaeot, g.vag t|e io||ow|og eyew|toess +c·
coaotoiw|+t|+¡¡eoe1|os|1et|e|e+:|og:ooa
"More than a dozen ministers were in attend­
ance at the Congressional hearings of the House
Un-American Activities Committee in San Fran­
cisco on May 1 2 and 1 3 . . . . What we witnessed
was utterly fantastic. The shameful demonstra­
tion against law and order and against this duly
constituted Committee of the Congress defes
description . . 4 .
"It is our certain conviction that this inde­
fensible demonstration against law and order was
conceived, planned, and directed by a few hard­
core communist agitators . . . . Leaders of the
mob included faculty members and well-known
leftist lawyers for the ffth-amendment commu­
nists.
"We were sitting where we were able to ob­
serve the giving of instructions by the riot leaders
who had gained access to the room. The Daily
Californian, which was distributed widely at the
scene, gave explicit instructions on . . . how to
harass the Committee. They were told to laugh
out loud . . . to make the Congressmen look
ridiculous. These well-disciplined mobsters
laughed on the dotted line and obeyed their
masters to the last jeer. We watched a national
committeeman for the Party line up a dozen
Communists near the railing and throw . . . in­
vective, abusive language, vile profanity, and
fendish charge at the Congressmen . . . .
"The students, comprising the rear third of
the audience, stood up on their seats and yelled,
j eered, hissed. and scofed at the Congressmen.
It was almost complete breakdown of law and
order . . . . The only criticisms we have of the
police authorities were of allowing this element
to make such a mockery out of law and order,
without jailing everyone of the leaders.
"We are at a loss to understand how clergymen,
such as Bishop James Pike, could give any aid and
comfort to this lawless kind of activity by state­
ments deriding the Committee, and by allowing
his assistant pastor to address one of their despica­
ble rallies.
"We came away from this hearing absolutely
convinced of the overwhelming necessity of con­
tinuing the House Committee on Un-American
Activities. No free agent could view the hearings
without being impressed with the fairness, justice,
and dedication [ of Committee members and
Counsel ]
Pae 43
"Chairman Edwin Willis was unusually tem­
perate and patient. We have nothing but un­
bounded admiration for Richard Arens, Com­
mittee Counsel, whose skill and understanding of
this perilous conspiracy was a blessing to behold.
We apologize to these devoted public servants
from Congress for the devilish and deceitful con­
duct of an infnitesimally small but alarmingly
arrogant segment of this area, who are willing
to be tools of the communist conspiracy which
would make a shambles out of the liberty which
marks this great nation as the land of the free
and the home of the brave. "(8)
J |ao|stot|e sa¡¡o:toi|||e:a|s |oc|a:c|es,
co||eges. Coog:ess, t|e coaaeo|c+t|oos |ocast:y,
:ac|a|·ag|t+t|oo g:oa¡s, |a|o: ao|oos, +oc e|se-
w|e:e, coaaao|sts +c||evec a g:e+t ¡:o¡agaoc+
v|cto:y w|t| t|e|: i º´c :+o I:+oc|sco :|ots.
T|eoac|a|coaaao|styoat|aoveaeot, co:a+ot
io: yea:s |o t|e Lo|tec :tates, w+s :ev|t+||zec.
Coaaao|st yoat| g:oa¡s (w|t| v+:|oas o+aes,
sac|+s ¨:oc|a||stYoat|Lo|oooiP|||+ce|¡||+¨ ,
we:e esta|||s|ec, oo +oc oii c+a¡es, |o a+oy
c|t|es. Coaaao|st ¡a:ty oac|a|s we:e soeg|t +s
gaest s¡ea|e:s to steceot g:oa¡s +t ao|ve:s|t|es
t|:oag|oatt|e|aoc. Acvaoce. (coaaao|st¡+:t·
o:g+o|z+t|oow||c||+c|eeoio:aec|ole|:a+:y,
i º´c, io: yoaog ¡eo¡|e |o t|e New Yo:| C|t·
a:ea, w+sex¡aocec,aoccoove:tec|oto+oat|ooa|
g:oa¡.
(8
, 9)
io le|:a+:y, iº´i, Gas Ha||, geoe:a| sec:et+:y
oi t|e coaaao|st ¡+:ty, g|o+tec ove: t|e saccess
oit|eoew coaaao|styoat| aoveaeot.
"There has been a considerable amount of ac­
tivity, especially in and around the colleges, in
the frst place in relation to the citizens and
[ racial ] discrimination, as well as for peace, abo­
lition of the House Committee on Un-American
Activities, and other issues. There is a mush­
rooming of Marxist and Socialist-oriented groups
on the campuses in all parts of the country, and
we have witnessed the emergence of a new and
very successful youth paper [ New Horizons for
Youth ] . "( 9)
io A¡:||, iº´i, Acv+oce' ¡a|||s|ec a |a||etio
ca|||og atteot|oo to its act|v|t|es aoc t|ose o| +
oewcoaaao|sto:gao|z+t|oo.
"We are part of an emerging national youth
movement to protest against the House Com­
mittee on Un-American Activities in San Fran­
cisco; of citizens in the South, and of Easter peace
marches throughout the land. We are one of the
cooperatin
g
organizations of the Progressive
Youth Organizing Committee that is helping to
organize hundreds of groups over the land. "( 9)
T|e P:og:ess|ve Yoet| C:gao|z|og Coaa|ttee
w+s ioaocec |y Dao|e| ka||o, oat|oo+| yoat|
c|:ecto: oi t|e coaaao|st ¡a:ty.(9)
Ioi º´:, +|oat i : yoaog¡eo¡|eio:aec io:ao
l:+oc|sco a oew o:gao|z+t|oo, oaa|og |t t|e W.
£ ß. Daßo|sC|e|, |o|ooo:oiW. £ ß. Daßois,
¡:oa|oeot oeg:o Aae:|c+o coaaeo|st, w|o was
ooe oi t|e ¡:|oc|¡+| ioaoce:s oi t|e NAACP,
aoc a |e:o to coaaao|sts t|:oag|oatt|ewo:|c.
T|eW. £ ß. Daßo|s C|a| g:ew w|t| +a+z|og
s¡eec(10) Io i º´!, |t |ecaae + o+t|oo+| o:g+oi-
z+t|oo +oc |e|c a cooveot|oo at H+::y ß:|cges'
lL WLH+|||o:aol:aoc|sco. A|oat· ccce|egates
:e¡:eseotecao:et|aot||:tyc|a|sio:aec|oc|ties
t|:oag|oat:|eLo|tec :tates.
(1
1
)
T|e oac|+| |os|go|+ oi t|e W. £. ß. Daßo|s
C|a|s |s a |+|i·w||te, |+|i·||+c| c|:c|e eocoa-
¡ass|og a w||te |aoc aoc a ||ac| |aoc aoce: a
cove. )o|o H+gg, c|a|:a+o oi t|e Los Aoge|es
+:e+ coaoc|| oi t|e Daßo|s C|e|s, says :|e cove
:e¡:eseots ¡eace, t|e ||ac| aoc w||te ci:c|e :e¡·
:eseots|oteg:+t|oo,t|e|+ocs:e¡:eseot¨wo:|e:s. ¨
T|ego+|oit|eDeßo|sC|a|s | s¨loaoc+t|oooi
+ :oc|+||st o:ce:. ¨
(
10
)
T|eW. £. ß. Daßo|sC|a|s|ave|eeo so sac-
cessia||oeoso+:|ogAae:c+oyoat||otot|eo:||t
oi coaaao|st |oûeeoce +oc +ct|v|t|es t|+t t|e
o|ce: coaaao|styoat| o:gao|zat|oo ( Acvaoce' ,
|+s |eeo c|s|aocec. T|e coaaaoist ¡a:ty |s
g|v|og ia|| sa¡¡o:t to t|e Daßo|s C|a|s, w||c|
wo:| c|ose|y w|t| :+ci+|·+g|tat|oo g:oa¡s,
(11)
es-
¡ec|+||y t|e :taceot Noo·V|o|eot Coo:c|oat|og
Coaa|ttee.
(
1
0
)
C|||c:eo oi aaoy we||-|oowo coaaaoist o+-
c|a|sa:eact|ve|ova:|oasDaßo|s C|a|s. Aaoog
we||-|oowo coaaao|sts assoc|atec wit| t|is oew
yoata o¡e:+t.oo +:e Ca:i ßio«e, A:ca.e ß:owo,
Doag|+s W+c|te:, aoc Wi|||+a m. maocel.
Pag 4
ß|o|ce |s ¡a|||cat|oos c|:ecto: io: t|e Daßo|s
C|a|s aoc a|so a :e¡o:te: io: People's World,
coaaao|st ¡a:ty oews¡a¡e: io: t|e West Coast.
ß:owo, Wac|te:, aoc maoce| ( |eace:s |o t|e
i º´c :ao I:aoc|sco :|otsj |e|¡ec ioaoc t|e
C|a|s.(
1
0
, 11)
Des¡|te a||ev|ceoce, coaaao|sts co oot aca|t
t|at t|e C|a|s a:e coaaao|st o:gao|zat|oos , |at
). £cga: Hoove: ( IßI D|:ecto:j says catego:|-
ca||y t|at t|ey a:e coaaao|st· |os¡|:ec¨·'
Cooce:o|ogt|egeoe:a|act|v|t|esoicoaaao|sts
aaoog Aae:|cao yoat|, ). £cga: Hoove: says .
"One of the primary recruiting targets of the
Communist Party, U. S. A. , is the youth of
America and the party has continued its intensi­
fed program aimed and directed at our youth.
The intensity of this program is revealed in a
statement made by Gus Hall in March 1 963
when he spoke on the party's success in placing
its speakers on various college campuses through­
out the country. The youth program of the party,
he said, is so important that he or any other
national leader would go anywhere to meet with
young students . . . . Hall . . . concluded that the
future depends on the youth . . . .
"Skillfully imparting the Communist line with
espousals paralleling Soviet views, party spokes­
men appeared before 45 student groups, mostly
at on-campus sites during the calendar year
1 963 . . . .
"In its continuing eforts to attract the youth
of America, the party discussed the youth ques­
tion at a meeting . . . . Gus Hall felt that the
character of such an organization should be as
broad as possible and tied to scientifc socialism,
which means communism. Hall's goal was for
the party to have an organization which would
express itself in the broadest possible terms so
that no large segment of youth would be alien­
ated . . .
"This committee [ of the communist party]
agreed that the appeal to young people should
emphasize three current items: peace, civil rights,
and employment for youth."( 12)
toaaao|sts |o, o: coooectec w|t|, t|e W.
L. ß. Daßo|s C|a|s we:e ¡:|ae aove:s o| t|e
staceot :|ots at t|e Lo|ve:s|ty o| Ca|||o:o|a at
ße:|eley, |o iº´+.
:|o:t|y aite: t|e jaoe, i º´!. ke¡a|||cao Coo-
veot|oo |o :ao I:aoc|sco, Go|cwate: sa¡¡o:te:s
c|a:gect|att|eio:cesoiPeoosy|vao|aGove:oo:
W||||aa :c:aotoo |ac act|ve|y :ec:a|tec ceaoo·
st:ato:s oo t|e Lo|ve:s|ty oi Ca||io:o|a caa¡as.
Aite: |ovest|gat|ogt|ese c|a:ges, Lo|ve:s|ty o+·
c|a|s cec|cec to eoio:ce :a|es ¡:eveot|og ooo-
ao|ve:s|ty¡o||t|ca|caa¡a|go|ogoot|ecaa¡as.(
1
3)
Co :e¡tea|e: iº, staceot o:gao|zat|oos
( :aog|og i:oa Yoat| io: Go|cwate: to Yoaog
Peo¡|es :oc|a||stLeagae, ¡:otestec eoio:ceaeot
oit|e:a|es.(
1
4)
Co :e¡tea|e: . i , a coa¡roa|se was oûe:ec
tot|e¡:otest|ogstaceots,w|o:eactec|ystag|og
a ceaoost:at|oo. Co :e¡tea|e: .º, C|aoce||o:
£cwa:c W. :t:oog oûe:ec aoot|e: coa¡:oa|se.
:taceot |eace:s ceooaocec t|e coa¡:oa|se aoc
ceaaocec ¨oosett|eaeot|esst|aov|cto:y ¨ T|e
io||ow|og cay, :e¡tea|e: ªc, |t was aoooaocec
t|at caa¡as ¡o||ce woa|c :eaove aoaat|o:|zec
¡o||t|ca| soa¡|oxes o: ta||es.(14)
Co Ccto|e: l , |o ¡:otest aga|ost t|e c|sa|ssal
oi e|g|t staceots io: :eiasa| to o|ey Lo|ve:s|ty
:a|es, seve:a| |aoc:ec staceots stagec a s|t-|o
ceaoost:at|oo A ..·yea:-o|c staceoti:oaNew
Yo:| sacceo|y eae:gec as |eace: oi t|e ceaoo-
st:ato:sma:|o :av|o, a |eace: |o t|e :taceot
Noo·V|o|eot Coo:c|oat|og Coaa|ttee ( :NCCj
aocavete:aooi:NCCact|v|t|es|om|ss|ss|¡¡| . (
1
5)
A|aostatooce, :av|o|ecaaec|:ecto:oiaoew
o:gao|zat|oot|eI:ee:¡eec|moveaeot (I:m,
:e¡:eseot|og .. o:gao|zec g:oa¡s.(
1
5)
T|egove:o|og |ocyoiI:m|sa stee:|ogcoa·
a|ttee o| i i . Teo oi t|e i i a:e |:oa |e|t·w|og
g:oa¡s. :av|o |s |eac oi t|e coaa|ttee. Two
ot|e: oota||e aea|e:s a:e ßett|oa A¡t|e|e:
( caag|te: oi a we||·|oowo coaaao|st ¡a:ty
omc|a|,aocaea|e:oiaDaßo|sC|a|, aoc)ac|
We|o|e:g (a CCk£ aea|e:, w|ose acc:ess |s
t|esaaeast|atoiDoag|asWac|te:, ooe oit|e
coaaao|st |eace:s oi t|e l º´c :ao I:aoc|sco
:|otsj.(
1
6
,
17
)
Da:|og t|e :|otoas s|t·|o ceaoost:at|oos, tae

stee:|og coaa|ttee oi I:m was v|ttaa||y aocet
Pag 45
t|e1|:ect|oo o| coaaeo|st+1e|ts w|o we:eseeo
oot|ec+a¡es+|aost1+||y+aoogt|ea m|c|ey
L|a+,c|+|:a+oo|t|ecoaaeo|st¡+:tyo|No:t|·
e:oC+|||o:o|+, mo:t|ae:·c|ee:,v|ow+s||c|e1
oet o| t|e Aae:|c+o coaaeo|st ¡+:ty |o: |o|·
|ov|ogt|eC||oesecoaaeo|st||oe, ko|e:tT:ee·
|+|t,coaaeo|staea|e:o|t|eN+t|oo+|L+vye:s'
Ge||1 How+:1 )ete: ( |o||ove: o| coaaeo|st
He:|e:t A¡t|e|e:, v+s +|so oo t|e Lo|ve:s|ty
c+a¡es, +1v|s|og t|e l·m stee:|og coaa|ttee
1e:|ogt|e ste1eot :|ots T|e:e we:e a+oy ot|e:
coaaeo|sts+o1¡:o·coaaeo|sts|:oat|eoets|1e,
1|:ect|og t|este1eot:|ote:s
(17, 18)
C|+:| Ke:: ( P:es|1eot o|t|eLo|ve:s|ty, s+|1
t|+t ¨e¡ :o !c ¡e:ceoto|t|e|+:1·co:e |e+1e:s¨
o|t|este1eot:|otsve:e+1|e:eotso|t|em+o·:e1
C||oese coaaeo|st ||oe
l 18)
CoCcto|e:·,l º:!,+|+ce|ty·ste1eotcoaa|ttee
w+so+ae1 to ste1yt|es|te+t|oo Co Novea|e:
· , ·+v|o |e1+ol·m1eaoost:+t|oo ¡:otest|og t|e
¨1:+gg|og¨ oegot|+t|oos Co Novea|e: :c, Lo|·
ve:s|ty kegeots +g:ee1 to ¡e:a|t ¨|+w|e| o||·
c+a¡es+ct|v|ty¨|et|os|ste1oo1|sc|¡||o+:y+ct|oo
+g+|ostste1eots +|:e+1y |ov|o|+t|oo o|Lo|ve:s|ty
:e|es. Ao l·m ao| o| !ccc ¡:oteste1 l·m
st+ge1 +oot|e: s|t·|o oo Novea|e: 2 3 ; +o1, oo
Decea|e: l , t|:e+teoe1ao:e 1eaoost:+t|oos eo·
|essLo|ve:s|tyoac|+|s+g:ee t|+t oo|yt|ecoe:ts
|+1+et|o:|tyto:ege|+tec+a¡es¡o||t|c+|+ct|v|ty
T||s voe|1 ae+o +|1|c+t|oo o| +1a|o|st:+t|ve
+et|o:|ty +t t|e Lo|ve:s|ty I| ste1eots v|o|+te1
:e|es, Lo|ve:s|ty oac|+|s coe|1 1o oot||og |et
|:|og +ct|oo |o t|e coe:ts Lo|ve:s|:y oac|+|s
|goo:e1t||s¡:e¡oste:oes1ea+o1, so,ooDecea·
|e: 2, ·+v|o st+ge1 +oot|e: ove:o|g|t s|t·|o w|t|
l ccc ste1eots(14)
CoDecea|e: ª,£1aeo1G ß:ovo, Gove:oo:
o|C+|||o:o|+, o:1e:e1 t|e +::est o|+|oet ºcc o|
t|e1eaoost:+te:s. A||we:e:e|e+se1 oo |oo1,(14)
|ett|e:e|soo|o1|c+t|oo t|+t +oyw||| |e¡:ose·
cete1, o: eveo ex¡e||e1 |:oa t|e Lo|ve:s|ty.
ßyt|eeo1o|Decea|e:,t|eLo|ve:s|ty|+ce|ty
|+1vote1to se¡¡o:tt|el·m C|+oce||o:·t:oog
(who had refused to capitulate to FSM) was
:ep|+ce1.
More To Come
J |e coaaeo|st·|os¡|:e1 :|ots +t LC | o
ße:|e|ey we:e oo|y + |eg|oo|og. D: £:|c A
W+||e:, P:es|1eot o| Peoosy|v+o|+ ·t+te Lo|·
ve:s|ty,w+:ost|+tt|eße:|e|ey|oc|1eot|sae:e|y
t|e a:st o| a+oy v||c| w||| occe: t|:oeg|oet
t|eo+t|oo( 19) Deßo|sC|e|s+:es¡:e+1|og:+¡|1|y.
m+:|o ·+v|o |+s qe|t sc|oo| +o1 gooe oo +
s¡e+||og toe:, eocoe:+g|og |o:a+t|oo o| l·m
g:oe¡sooc+a¡esest|:oeg|oett|e|+o1 He|+s
+¡¡e+:e1 oo o+t|oo+| te|ev|s|oo +o1 |+s +|:e+1v
s¡o|eo +t a+oy |e+1|og eo|ve:s|t|es, |oc|e1|og
H+:v+:1 +o1 Co|ea||+.
(20)
·¡e+||og to t|e Yoeog ·oc|+||st A|||+oce (+
T:ots|y|te o:g+o|z+t|oo, , m+:|o ·+v|o s+|1 t|+t
ste1eot :evo|ts +g+|ost est+|||s|e1 +et|o:|ty c+o
|e eo1e:stoo1 |y t|osew|o ste1y K+:| m+:x.
(20)
Somethi ng Coul d Be Done
Loaaeo|sts +:e oott|eoo|y |oc|te:s o||+w·
|essoess, w||c| |s te+:|og oe: soc|ety +¡+:t.
Powe:|e| c|e:c| g:oe¡s e:ge 1|so|e1|eoce o|
|+ws w||c| c|e:c| oac|+|s 1o oot |||e
( 2
1) T|e
|e1e:+| gove:oaeot a+|es |t ext:eae|y 1|ace|t,
o|teo |a¡oss|||e, |o: |oc+| +o1 st+te +et|o:|t|es
to a+|ot+|o o:1e: o: ¡eo|s| v|o|+t|oos o| |+w |o
coooect|oo w|t| :+c|+| 1eaoost:+t|oos +o1 |+|o:
1|s¡etes A1|+| £ ·teveosoo (U. · Ac|+ss+1o:
tot|eLN, |+ss¡ec|ac+||y¡:+|se1 ¨ste1eot1ea·
oost:+to:s ¸ v|o] |+ve|eeoto¡¡||oggove:oaeots
+||ove:t|evo:|1|ot|e|+st|ewye+:s ¨·teveosoo
a+1et|ese:ea+:|s|o+s¡eec| +t Co||y Co||ege,
W+te:v|||e, m+|oe, ex¡:ess|og ¡|e+se:e t|+t t|e
|+w|ess s¡|:|t, w||c| |+s c:e+te1 sec| |+voc
+|:o+1,|soov|e:geoo|ogooAae:|c+oc+a¡eses.
He s+|1
"I think especially of the participation of
American students in the great struggle to ad­
vance .ivil and human rights in America.
"Indeed, even a j ail sentence is no longer a
dishonor but a proud achievement. Perhaps we
are destined to see in this law-loving land people
Page 46
running for ofce not on their stainless records
but on their prison records."( 22)
¡e:|ogt|e¡o||t|c+|c+a¡+|go|+stye+:, :eo+·
to: ß+::y m Go| cw+te: +ccesec ¨||g|est exece·
t|veoace:s¨ |ot|ejo|osoo+ca|o|st:+t|oooieo·
coe:+g|og | oc|v|ce+| +oc ao| v|o|+t|oos oi |+w.
T|e+cces+t|oow+s+cce:+te As |oog+s t||s s|te
+t|ooex|sts,wec+oootie||y:esto:ei:eecoa|o+o
o:ce:|y soc|ety, |et we coe|c a+|e + st+:t, |i
t|e:e ve:e eooeg| coe:+ge +oc cete:a|o+t|oo +t
t|e |oc+| +oc :t+te |eve|.
T|ecoaaeo|styoet| aoveaeot |ot|eLo|tec
:t+tesvoe|c|+ve|eeose:|oes|yc:|¡¡|ec |i:t+te
+oc Lo|ve:s|ty oac|+|s |+c +ctec qe|c||y +oc
v|go:oes|y |o ße:|e|ey £ve:y steceot w|o c|s·
o|eyec + Lo|ve:s|ty :e|e s|oe|c |+ve |eeo ex·
¡e||ec seaa+:||y. +oc oot :e·+ca|ttec £ve:y
¡e:soow|o¡+:t|c|¡+tec|o+oy||oco|ceaoost:+·
t|oo t|+t c|ste:|ec ¡e+ce +oc o:ce: +t t|e Lo|-
ve:s|tys|oe|c|+ve|eeo+::estec+ocprosecuted,
tot|eie||exteotoi+¡¡||c+||e|oc+|o::t+te|+ws
Negot|+t|og +oc coa¡:oa|s|og v|t| steceot
:|ote:s ae+o se::eoce: oi oe: eo|ve:s|t|es, +oc
e|t|a+te|yoe:o+t|oo,to+g|t+to:s+ocse|ve:s|ves.
FOOTNOTES
( 1 ) Communist In/iltration In Latin American Educational Systems,
Report of the U. S. Senate Internal Security Subcommittee of the
Judiciary Committee, released January 31 , 1965, 18 pp.
( 2 ) The American Legion Firing Line, Vol. IX, No. 1 3, July 1 ,
1960
( 3 ) Communist Target-Youth, by ]. Edgar Hoover, U. S. House
Committee on Un-American Activities, 1960, 18 pp.
( 4) The World Almanac /01' 1955, New York World-Telegram
Corp., p. 360; MacArth1',' His Rendezvous with History, by
Major General Courtney Whitney, Alfred A. Knopf, New
York City, 1956, 547 pp.
( 5 ) "Red Score in Luring Youths," The Dallas Mornhzg News,
August 2, 1960
( 6) The Wodd Almanac for 1964, New York World-Telegram
Corp., 1964, p. 362
( 7 ) UPI story from Ankara, The Dallas Mominf News, May 6,
1960; article by Zeyyat Goren, The Dallas Times Herald, Oc­
tober 22, 1960
( 8) "How Far Wi l l They Go?", speech by U. S. Representative
Gordon Scherer (Rep. , Ohio) , COlflessional Record, June 2,
1960, pp. 10917- 21 ( daily)
( 9) Communist Appeal To Youth, Internal Security Subcommittee
of the U. S. Senate Judiciary Committee, April 25, 1961, 42
pp.
( 10) "New Left-Wing Club Spreading," by Gene Blake, Los Ange/es
Times, November 23, 1964
( l l ) "FBI Warns on DuBois Clubs," by Gene Bl
a
ke, Los Angeles
TImes, November 24, 1964; "U C Revolt Swings on Rights
Movement," by Daryl E. Lembke, Los Angeles Times, November
22, 1964, pp. I G, 2G
( 1 2 ) FBI 1965 Appropriations, Testimony of J. Edgar Hoover before
the House Subcommittee on Appropriations on January 29,
1964, released April 30, 1964, pp. 39-40
( 1 3 ) UPI story from Berkeley, Los Ange/es Times, December 9,
1964, pt. 1, p. 6
( 14) "Berkeley Wrangle-Its Chronology," The Los Angeles Herld­
Examiner, December 18, 1964, p. 3A
( 1 5 ) "Closeup of Mario Savio," by Paul Weissman, San Francisco
Examiner, December 9, 1964, pp. 1 , 1 2
( 16) "A Guide To UC Free Speechers," San Francisco Examiner,
November 26, 1964, p. 28
( 17 ) "Behind The Scenes At UC," by Ed Montgomery, San Francisco
Examiner, November 26, 1964, p. 28
( 18 ) "Cal Rebels: Tail Wags Dog," by Ed Montgomery, The Los
Ange/es Herald-Examiner, December 1 5, 1964, pp. I B, 7B
( 19) UPI dispatch from Philadelphia, The Los Angeles Hera/d­
Examiner, December l l, 1964, p. 1 2A
( 20) "The Lesson Of Berkeley," by Seymour Martin Lipset and Paul
Seabury, The Reporter, January 28, 1965, pp. 36-40
( 2 1 ) For discussion of church endorsement of civil disobedience and
involvement in political activities, see this Report, "Churches
and Politics," November 23, 1964.
( 22 ) " 'A Jail Sentence Is No Longer A Dishonor
News & World Report, Jue 22, 1964, p. 1 2
u. S.
WHO I S D A N S MO OT ?
Born in Missouri, reared in Texas, Dan Smoot went to SMU getting BA and MA degrees, 1938 and 1940. In
1941, he joined the faculty at Harvard as a Teaching Fellow, doing graduate work for a doctorate in American civili- :
zation. From 1942 to 195 1, he was an FBI agent: three and a half years on communist investigations; two years o
n
FBI headquarters staf; almost four years on general FBI cases in various places. He resigned from the FBI and,
from 1951 to 1955, was commentator on national radio and television programs, giving both sides of controversial
issues. In July, 1955, he started his present proft-supported, free-enterprise business : publishing The Da1 Smoot
Report, a weekly magazine available by subscription; and producing a weekly news-analysis radio and television
broadcast, available for sponsorship by reputable business frms, as an advertising vehicle. The Report and broadcast
give OWC side of important issues : the side that presents documented truth using the American Constitution as a yard­
stick. If you think Smoot's materials are efective against socialism and communism, you can help immensely-help get
subribers for the Report, commercial sponsors for the brodcast.
Page 47
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Pag 48
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DAN SMOOT
THE GREAT SOCI ETY
1o )+oa+:y, l º´!, P:es|ceot Lyocoo ß )o|osoo seot +o £coooa|c mess+ge to Coog:ess. At·
t+c|ec to +oc a+ce ¡+:t o|\|e mess+ge w+s + :e¡o:t |y t|e P:es|ceots Coaoc|| o| £coooa|c
Acv|se:s ( W+|te: W. He||e:, C|+|:a+o, . ·'
T|e He||e: :e¡o:t ce+|t w|t| ¡ove:ty |o t|e Lo|tec:t+tes,+sse:t|ogt|+t+¡e:soo|s|o¡ove:ty
|| |e||ves +|ooeoo+o |ocoae o| sl ·cc. cc +ye+: o: |ess, o: || |e ||ves |o + |+a||y g:oa¡ w|ose
|ocoae |ssªccc. cc + ye+: o:|ess. Ls|og t|ese c:|te:|+, t|e Coaoc|| o| £coooa|c Acv|se:s |oaoc
t|+t ª· a||||oo, l cc t|oas+oc Aae:|c+oswe:e |o ¡ove:ty.(1)
T|eP:es|ceots toaoc|| o|£coooa|c Acv|se:sc|sc|osect|+t¡ove:ty:esa|ts|:oa|o+ceqa+te|o·
coae, t|+t |o+ceqa+te |ocoae :esa|ts |:oa |ow e+:o|og, +oc t|+t |ow e+:o|og :esa|ts e|t|e: |e·
c+ase + ¡e:soo coes oot :ece|ve aac| ¡+y |o: ||swo:|, o: coes oot wo:| ve:y aac| ''
Iole|:a+:y, l º´!, P:es|ceot)o|osoo (w|t|oat coog:ess|oo+| +at|o:|ty, c:e+tec a oew Caceoi
£coooa|c C¡¡o:tao|ty to w+ge w+: +g+|ost t|e ¡ove:ty w||c| ||s ecoooa|c +cv|se:s |+c c|s·
cove:ec.
Iom+:c|, l º´!, t|e P:es|ceot sa|a|ttec toCoog:ess + s¡ec|+| aess+ge, a:g|og eo+ctaeot o|
t|e £coooa|c C¡¡o:tao|ty Act o| lº´! toa+|e ¨o+t|oo+| w+: oo¡ove:t.¨ +oc to +at|o:|ze
t|e Cace o| £coooa|c C¡¡o:tao|ty, +|:e+cy c:e+tec |y execat|ve û+t.( 1)
T|e +ot|·¡ove:ty w+:, oat||oec |ot|e £coooa|cC¡¡o:tao|tyActoil º´!,|oc|acec+oe|+|o:+te
systea oi ¨j o| co:¡s¨ t:+|o|og c+a¡s +oc ¨o+t|oo+| wo:|·t:+|o|og¨¡:og:+as io: Aae:|c+oyoat|.
:|a||+: to l:+o|||o D. kooseve|t s CCC +oc WPAc+a¡so|t|e lºªc s, t|e)o|osoo+ot|·¡ove:ty
yoat| ¡:og:+a |s +|so :ea|o|sceot o| t|e ¡+:ty yoat| aoveaeots ei coaaao|stcoaot:|es, +nc ot
t|e qa+s|·a|||t+:y ¡:og:+as |y w||c| o+z|s coot:o||ec +oc |ococt:|o+tec yoaog ¡eo¡|e |o ¡:e-
w+: Ge:a+oy.
J |e P:es|ceot c|tec t|e geoe:+|·we||+:e c|aase oi t|e Coost|tat|oo +s +at|o:|ty |o: t|e £co·
ooa|cC¡¡o:tao|tyAct, s+y|og.
THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, a magazine published every week by The Dan Smoot Report, Inc., mail·
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No Reproductions Permitted.
Pag 49
"The Congress is charged by the Constitution
to 'provide . . . for the general welfare of the
United States.' Our present abundance is a meas­
ure of its success in fulflling that duty. Now
Congress is being asked to extend that welfare
to all our people." ( 2)
T|egeoe:a|·we|ia:e c|aase|soot, ast|eP:es|·
ceotasse:ts, ag:aotoi¡owe:to t|e iece:a|gov-
e:oaeot to ¡:ov|ce io: t|e geoe:a| we|ia:e. It
|s ao |ot:ocacto:y c|aase to s¡ec|ûc g:aots oi
¡owe:, stat|ogt|e ¡a:¡oseio:w||c| t|e s¡ec|ûc
¡owe:sa:eg:aotec Iit|e:ewe:eacoost|tat|ooa|
¡:ov|s|oo g:aot|og t|e iece:a| gove:oaeot geo·
e:a| ¡owe:s to co aoyt||og t|e P:es|ceot aoc
Coog:ess ceea gooc io: t|e ¡eo¡|e, a|| t|e
:est oi t|e Coost|tat|oo woa|c |e aeao|og|ess.
Ca: gove:oaeot woa|c |e ao a|so|ate c|ctato:
s||¡, w|t|oat coost|tat|ooa| :est:a|ot, ea¡owe:ec
to co aoyt||og oac|a|coa ¡|eases, aoce: t|e
ga|se oi oecess|ty o: we|ia:e.
T|e Coost|tat|oo|sa ||oc|og coot:act oigov·
e:oaeot, ||a|t|og t|e iece:a| gove:oaeot to
¡owe:s s¡ec|ûca||y g:aotec T|e:e |s oo coost|·
tat|ooa| g:aot oi ¡owe: io: ¡:og:aas oat||oec
|ot|eP:es|ceots ¨Pove:ty message. ¨Heoce, t|e
£coooa|cC¡¡o:tao|tyActoi i º´!|sw|o||yao·
coost|tat|ooa|.
T|at,|oweve:,seeaectoaatte:||tt|e.O¡¡oueots
oi t|e |||| geoe:a||y c|scassec |ts a|sa:c|ty, oot
| ts | ||ega||ty. :|oce t|e û:st kooseve|t aca|o|s
t:at|oo, t|e iece:a| gove:oaeot |as s¡eot aaoy
|||||oos oi co||a:s t:y|og to e|.a|oate ¡ove:ty |o
t|eLo|tec :tates. Ioceec,| ot|eyea: i º´!,w|eo
P:es|ceot )o|osoo cec|a:ec wa: oo ¡ove:ty |y
:ecoaaeoc|oga ||||w||c| ca||ec io: |o|t|a|oat·
|ayois||g|t|y|esst|aoooe|||||ooco||a:s ayea:,
more than !c billion dollars a year in taxpayers'
money was a|:eacy |e|og s¡eot to e||a|oate ¡ov·
e:ty.( 3) Yet, t|e ¡ove:ty ¡|cta:e w||c| P:es|ceot
jo|osoo aoc ||s ecoooa|c acv|se:s cesc:||ec |o
i º´! seeaec as c|saa| as t|e ¨|||·iec, ¨ ¨|||-
|oasec, ¨aoc¨| ||·c|ot|ec¨ |aageoiAae:|ca¡:e·
seotec |y l:ao|||o D. kooseve|t |o ¡o||t|ca|
s¡eec|es oit|e iºªc s.
T|e¡o||t|ca| assaa¡t.oot|atao:e¡|aoce:.og
oi tax¡aye:s, io: ao:e gove:oaeot s¡eoc|og oo
¡:og:aas w|t| a t||:ty·yea: :eco:c oi ia||a:e,
coa|c oow ¡:ocace ato¡|a was so ¡:e¡oste:oas
t|at, at t|e oatset, soae c:|t|cs |ac iao ¡o|ot|og
oatt|eas|o|o|t|es.lo:exaa¡|e,L.:. ke¡:eseota·
t|ve m. G. :oyce:, a ke¡a|||cao i:oa Keotac|y
( ooe oi t|e A¡¡a|ac||ao states oac|a||y ces|g·
oatecas¡ove:ty·st:|c|eo, aacea |:|eis¡eec||o
t|e Hoase, :|c|ca||og t|e wa: oo ¡ove:ty. L. :.
ke¡:eseotat|ve k|c|a:c H. Poû, a ke¡a|||cao
i:oa V|:g|o|a ( aoot|e: :tate oac|a||y |a|e|ec
as |a¡ove:|s|ec, :e¡:|otec :oyce: s s¡eec| io:
aaa|||ogtocoost|taeots, oo)aoe º, i º´!ke¡:e·
seotat|ve :oyce: sa| c.
" . . . the work camps in the Landrum-Powell­
Johnson poverty bill would cost $4,700 per year
for each enrollee, according to Mr. [ Sargent ]
Shriver [ Director of the Office of Economic Op­
port unity] .
"The camps, our poverty czar tells us, would
provide healthy outdoor recreation and basic
education for draft rejectees and j uvenile de­
linquents. My question is: 'For $4,700 per year,
why send these young men to camps? Why not
Harvard?'
"Harvard ofers football, soccer, and bird
watching for healthy outdoor recreation. It ofers
a pretty good basic education, and it does not cost
as much as Mr. Shriver's work camps.
"Tuition, fees, board and room is only $2, 701
per year at Harvard. During the 3 summer
months, while not at Harvard, our draft rejectee
could be paid $50 per week, or $600 for the
summer. During the school year we could allow
him another $1 00 per month for books and spend­
ing money. All this amounts to a mere $4,201 for
the year, $499 less than the poverty camps.
"But let us not be cheapskates - this is a
election year. After all, why should not a boy at
Harvard have a sports car? With $499 in each of
the four years, he could buy a good, secondhand
MG for $1 ,000 leaving $249 a year for gas, oil,
registration, and dates with Radclife College
girls.
"This would cost the same as the work camps,
and it should eliminate the recruitment problem
which has bothered Mr. Shriver."
Page 50
Case Histories
J |e iao oi aoc||og t|e P:es|ceot s w+: oo
¡ove:ty c|c oot l+st loog. ¨W+: oo ¡ove::y¨ v+s
aoeûect|ve¡ol|t|calslog+o, io:t|eP:es|ceot+oc
||s¡ol|t|c+l¡+:tyC¡¡os|t|oocoll+¡sec,+ocCoo·
g:ess ¡assec t|e £coooa|c C¡¡o:tao|ty Act oi
i º´! ces¡|te cootea¡o:+:y, ¡a|l|c|zec c+ses
¡:ov|og |eyooc coa|t t|+tt|e ¨w+:¨w+sa cyo.·
calaeaosoi|ay|ogvotesw|t|tax¡+ye:s' aooey,
c+a+g|og, :at|e: t|+o |el¡|og, t|e ecoooay oi
coaaao|t|es , ¡eo+l|z|og t|:|ity, |+:c·wo:||og,
seli·:el|+ot |oc|v|ca+ls io:t|e· |eoeatoi¡ol|t|c+l
i+vo:|tes +oc sa¡¡o:te:s.
1uman Events ¡a|l|c|zec + cl+ss|c c+se |o
Woocv|lle, + cel|g|tial l|ttle towo (¡o¡al+t|oo
l ºcc, |o t|e :ecooc Coog:ess|oo+l D|st:|ct oi
Tex+s.T||sc|st:|ct|s|o+lovely+ocao|qae¡+:t
oi£+stTex+s,soaew|+ts|elte:eci:oat|es¡:+vl·
|og, oo|sy a:|+o|zat|oo t|+t |s :a¡|cly cest:oy|og
qa|et v|ll+ge l|ie aoc :a:+l |e+aty |o t|e Lo|tec
:t+tes T|e:e v+s oo geoa|oe ¡ove:ty |o Wooc·
v|lle,|att|e:ewe:evotes|ot|e:ecoocCoog:es·
s|oo+l D|st:|ct io: Lyocoo ß. )o|osoo +oc )+c|
ß:oo|s, Leaoc:+t v|o :e¡:eseots t|e c|st:|ct m
W+s||ogtoo.
Woocv|lle v+s cecl+:ec + ce¡:essec +:e+, so
t|at |t coalc get + s´º· ,ccc lov·|ote:est lo+o
i:oa t|e Ia|l|c Hoas|og Aca|o|st:+t|oo io: S 6
¡a|l|c·|oas|og ao|ts, +oc +|c i:oa t|e A:ea ke·
cevelo¡aeot Ageocy. Aat|o:|zec |y Coog:ess
|o lº´l ca:|og t|e Keooecy +ca|o|st:+t|oo, t|e
A:e+ kecevelo¡aeot I:og:+a |s + v|t+l ¡a:t oi
P:es|ceo:)o|osoo sv+:oo¡ove:ty´'
T|e AkA g:+ot to Woocv|lle w+s + lo+o oi
!:c,ccc iece:+l t+x coll+:s ( +t |elov·a+:|et |o·
te:est:+tes j to|el¡ i|o+ocet|e Woocv|lle Coa·
aao|tyIoo,+laxa:|oas,sºcc,ccc,::·:ooaaotel,
ie+ta:|og|e+aty ¡+:lo:, sw|aa|og ¡ool, |+oqaet
|+lls, +oc so oo. Aaoog t|e a:st st:acta:es oo
t|e s|te oi t|e oev aote| ve:e tvo sigos, ooe
:e+c|og.
"72-room motor hotel under construction. Proj­
ect cost $800,000. Financing arranged by Con­
gressman Jack Brooks." ( 4)
T|e ot|e: s|go, coos¡|caoasly c|s¡l+y|og t|e
i+cs|a|le s|go+ta:e oi Lyocoo ß. )o|osoo, :e+c.
"W '
.
e re creating . . .
"MORE JOBS FOR AMERICA
"Produced By
"A Working Partnership Of
"Your Community . . . Your State . . .
"And the
"Area Redevelopment Administration
"U. S. Department of Commerce." ( 4)
Here |scoaaeot i:oa Human Events:
"Mrs. James R. Willis is an owner of the Willis
Motel, near the Community Inn. Eighteen years
ago, Mrs. Willis . . . and her husband built a . . .
1 0-room motel . . . . Through scrimping and
saving, they managed to expand the motel to 24
rooms. When her husband died in 1 952, Mrs.
Willis took over sole management . . . .
"Shortly after the largely federally-fnanced
Community Inn opened doors last November
[ 1 963 ] , Mrs. Willis' profts collapsed. She has
been compelled to trim her staf. Before the
Community Inn was in business, she averaged
a gross income of $7,000 every three months; now
it's down to $3,000.
" ' I have had a scant 50 per cent occupancy rate
since the Community Inn opened here,' she said.
' Prior to that, I averaged a minimum of 85 per
cent. If the new motel doesn't make money, I and
the rest of the taxpayers will have to pay for it.
If it does succeed, I' ll probably be run out of
business. Tell me, what is happening to this
country?'
"But Mrs. Willis is not alone in getting
trampled by federal handout artists in Wash­
ington.
"Mrs. Dolly Sturrock, who owns a real estate
agency nearby, says the Community Inn and the
low-rent housing project were both ' a factor' in
getting her to sell two of her four rental houses
in the area. She stressed she couldn't face the
competition from subsidized housing. And she
worries about how much these government proj­
ects will eat into her profts on the remaining
rental units . . . .
Pag 51
"A rather bitter and ironic note has been struck
in all this because the businessmen in the area
claim they don't understand how these govern­
ment projects can be successful 'unless new in­
dustry moves in.' Yet there are few signs that
such will happen.
"Both Mrs. Sturrock and Mrs. Willis claim
there was seldom. full occupancy before the gov­
ernment projects came and they don't see how
this small, out-of-the-way community can support
them.
"Mr. Leo Nelson, resident manager of the
Community Inn, seems to verify these claims. He
tells Human Events there are only 30 full-time
employees working at the Inn at the moment,
although ARA claimed '75 direct new jobs' would
be created by its loan to the area. Mr. Nelson
also admits the Community Inn has not yet
reached the break-even point ø . ø . `´
1o Keotac|y, aite: ooe iece:a| ageocy s¡eot
tax aooey to |e|¡ t:a|o aos||||ec, aoea¡|oyec
¡e:soos to co |aoc|c:ait wo:|, aoot|e: iece:a|
ageocy s¡eot tax aooey to cest:oy j o|s oi t|ose
w|o|ac|eeot:a|oec. ßot|iece:a|ageoc|eswe:e
ng|t|og ¡ove:ty.( 5)
Io lº´l, t|e:tateoiKeotac|y, w|t| a sª· ,ccc
|oao i:oa t|e A:ea keceve|o¡aeot Ageocy, set
a¡vocat|ooa|t:a|o|og¡:og:aastoteac|aos||||ec,
aoea¡|oyec¡e:soossac|c:aitsas|as|et·weav|og,
wooc-ca:v|og, ¡otte:y-aa||og. m|ss )o Pac| oi
Pa|otsv|||e, Keotac|y, got a|c i:oa t|e :tate s
c|v|s|oo oi a:ts aoc c:aits, +oc esta|||s|ec +
|as|oessKeotac|yH|||sHaoc|c:aitstoea¡|oy
¡eo¡|e |e|og t:a|oec |y t|e AkA·aoaocec ¡:o-
g:aas. '
ßy l º´!, m|ss Pac| was |eg|oo|og to |:eak
eveo ûoaoc|a||y, aoc was g|v|og ea¡|oyaeot to
ao:e t|ao .cc ¡:ev|oas|y·aoea¡|oyec aoaota|o·
ee:s. :|ewas¡ay|ogt|e:tatea|o|aaawageoi
:cceotsao|oa:,w||c|s|e ( aoc|e:ea¡|oyees,
coos|ce:ec a ia|: sa|a:y |o easte:o Keotac|y÷
¡a:t|ca|a:|yio:¡e:soosot|e:w|seaoea¡|oya||e(5)
Ho¡|og to ex¡aoc t|e |as|oess, m|ss Pac|
started selling her wares in West Virginia. U. S.
La|o: De¡a:taeot oac|a|s oot|aec |e: t|at, ||
s|eo¡e:atecac:ossa :tate ||oe,s|eaast¡ay t|e
iece:a| a|o|aaa wage oi sl . .· ao |oa:eveo
to ¡e:soos w|o wo:|ec ¡a:t·t|ae |o t|e|: owo
|oaes. To s|ow t|ey aeaot |as|oess, La|o: De·
¡a:taeot oac|a|s to|c m|ss Pac| t|ey woa|c go
to |oaes oi |e: wo:|e:s aoc |o|c sto¡watc|es
oot|eato aa|e sa:et|eywe:egett|ogsl . .· ao
|oa: io: eve:ya|oate wo:|ec
Loa||eto¡ayt|e||g|e:wage:eqa|:ec|yt|e
iece:a| gove:oaeot, m|ss Pac| c|scoot|oaec |e:
sa|es o¡e:at|oos oats|ce t|e :tate oi Keotac|y.
La|o:De¡a:taeotoac|a|ssa|cs|est||||acto¡ay
t|e sl .··ao·|oa: a|o|aaa, |oweve:, |ecaase
toa:|sts w|o |oag|t |e: ae:c|aoc|se ca::|ec |t
ac:oss :tate ||oes m|ssPac| a:ec|e:ea¡|oyees
aocqa|t. :|esa| c
"This crackdown means that more eastern Ken­
tuckians are being forced out of work than
President Johnson's poverty program can put
back to work." (5)
1e:e, i:oa a co|aao |y Keo T|oa¡soo |o
The Dallas Morning N ews
J
le|:aa:y ª, lº´·, |s
a :e¡o:t oo aoot|e: i:oot |o P:es|ceot ]o|osco s
aot|·¡ove:ty wa: .
"Two years ago, a pilot project for the Ap­
palachia poverty program was begun in Wil­
liamson, W. Va.
"To demonstrate the kind of job that Washing­
ton could do to revive the stagnant economy of
the region, a model industry was established at
Williamson with $1 , 800,000 in financing-mostly
loans from the Area Redevelopment Administra­
tion and the Small Business Administration. For
two years, this model industry, National Seating
and Dimension Co., Inc.-which the New York
Times described as the 'newest and most modern
in the furniture parts industry' -provided some
1 00 jobs.
"But it made no profts, and two months ago
with great reluctance, the company had to close
its door and discharge its employes in the face
of mounting debt.
"Today, with the collapse of both the invest­
ment and the experiment, $220,000 in local stock
ownership, $75, 000 in loans from three West
Virginia banks, $1 34,000 from the West Virginia
Industrial Development Authority and $1,029,000
Page 52
in aid from the federal government has been
wiped out.
"State and federal authorities, still hoping to
make the experiment a success in spite of the
disaster, have been looking for a buyer in private
industry who is interested in a ready.made
$675, OOO-a-year tax writeof.
"Failure of the experiment is blamed on a
number of factors, including management mis­
takes and a smoldering labor situation. The
United Mine Workers organized the company's
78 production workers two years ago and, while
they called no strikes, they have been blamed
for several temporary slowdowns, much absen­
teeism and refusal to work overtime. The situ­
ation wasn't hel
p
ed, says a company spokesman,
by 'a few union troublemakers. '
"But the same spokesman placed the primary
blame on the fact that a lot of Appalachia's
people simply don't want to work. The company's
employes could make almost as much money
and live as well 'standing on the street corner'
collecting unemployment checks, aid-to-depend­
ent-children payments, federal food stamps and
other welfare benefts as they could earn working
full time at the plant.
"Collapse of the Williamson experiment-which
was supposed to prove how efciently the federal
government can solve the poverty problem­
should have taught a valuable lesson. Its failure,
the New York Times noted, has left a 'bitter
legacy' for both the rescuers and the rescued.
"Out of this legacy or lesson, perhaps somebody
will be able to conclude that the government
can't solve all our problems for us and perhaps
is already trying to solve too many. "(6)
Consequences
1o iº´i , w|eo t|e A:ea keceve|o¡aeot Act
was ¡assec, ioª a:eas we:e cesigoatec ¨ce·
¡:essec, ¨e|igi||eio:aic. Io)aoaa:y. i º´·, t|e:e
we:e ao:e t|ao i ooo ¨ce¡:essec¨ a:eas-io·
c|aciog t|e o:igioa| ioª.
Co )aoaa:y .º, i º´·, t|e P:esiceot s Coaoci|
o| £coooaic Acvise:s aoooaocec t|at t|e:e a:e
ªoo, ooo iewe: Aae:icaos |iviog io ¡ove:ty oow
t|aotwoyea:s |eio:e. T|isc|aogecicoot:esa|t
i:oa ecoooaic ia¡:oveaeot, |oweve:, |at i:oa
ac|aogeiot|eCoaoci| sio:aa|aio:cete:aioiog
w|at¡ove:tyis. Io)aoaa:y, i º´!,t|eCoaoci| oi
£coooaic A1vise:s saic a|| iaai|y g:oa¡s |iviog
oosªooo. ooayea: o: |ess we:eia¡ove:is|ec. Io
)aoaa:y, i º´·, t|e Coaoci| saic a |a:ge: ¨|ase¨
t|aosªooo. ooisoow|eiogasecio:|a:geiaai|ies,
asaa||e:¨|ase¨ io:saa|| iaai|ies.(
7
)
A|t|oag| t|is c|aoge io io:aa|a:eaovec t|e
¡ove:ty |a|e| i:oa ªoo,ooo aca|t Aae:icaos, it
cic oot |e|¡ c|i|c:eo. T|e P:esiceot's Coaoci|
oi £coooaic Acvise:s says i · ai||ioo Aae:icao
c|i|c:eowe:e |iviog io¡ove:ty io)aoaa:y, i º´·
ioa:ai||iooao:e t|ao io)aoaa:y, i º´!.
(
7
)
C|vioas|y, t|egove:oaeota| c:ive toe|iaioate
¡ove:ty is io:eve:se, |at t|e c:ive:s seea to |e
eojoyiogt|ease|ves.
Ao ai: oi coocesceosioo c|iogs to ¡eo¡|e ci·
:ectiogP:esiceot)o|osooswa:oo¡ove:ty. Note,
io:exaa¡|e,soaecetai|sa|oatt|eNatiooa|Coo·
ie:eoceooPove:tyiot|e :oat|west ( at Tacsoo,
A:izooa, , )aoaa:y .· ·.´, iº´·, a::aogec aoc
iioaocec |y t|e Cace oi £coooaic C¡¡o:taoity,
atteocec |y i :oo ¡e:soos i:oa ave :tates.(8)
:a:geot :|:|ve:, ):. (coaaaociog geoe:a| io
t|e P:esiceot s wa: oo ¡ove:ty, acc:essec t|e
cooie:eoce, sayiog.
"We did not come here with a federal check­
book or a federal blueprint. We came, instead,
to listen to the voices of the poor."( 8)
T|eiece:a|c|ec||oo|¡aicio:t|eaûai:,|ow·
eve:. £stiaatesoit|eove:-a||cost (totax¡aye:sj
|ave oot |eeo aace, |at t|e C£C says it s¡eot
s.., ooo to seoc l º· iocigeot ¡e:soos tot|e Coo·
ie:eoce oo Pove:ty ( aite: s¡eociog ao aoce·
te:aioec aaoaot oi aooey iote:viewiog aoc
sc:eeoiogtocete:aioew|ic| iocigeots to seoc, .
T|ese we:e t|e voices oi t|e ¡oo: m:. :|:ive:
aeotiooec,|at,a¡¡a:eot|y,iewoit|evoiceswe:e
|ea:c.( 8)
m:s. G:aceC|ive:az, execative sec:eta:y oi t|e
cooie:eoce, gave t|e ¡:ess cetai|s a|oat foa:
Pa 53
geoa|oe|y ¡oo: ¡eo¡|e i:oa Da||as, ca:eia||y
sc:eeoecaocseottoTacsooto ex¡|a|ow|att|ey
waot |o t|e way oi |e|¡ i:oa t|e gove:oaeot.
Loio:taoate|y, t|e ioa: ¡oo:peo¡|e i:oa Da||as
c|c ootget a c|aoce to s¡ea|, |ecaase t|e coo·
ie:eoce vas |asy ||steo|og to ot|e: s¡ea|e:s
aaoogt|ea,aDa||asaao (£a:|£ A||eo,co|o:ec
¡asto: o| a met|oc|st c|a:c|, w|o |s :eg|ooa|
c|:ecto:oiCCk£ ( Coog:essoikac|a|£qaa||ty,
keve:eoc A||eo eo||g|teoec t|e Pove:ty Coo·
ie:eoce v|t| a s¡eec| +|oat t|e ¨|o::|||e¨ s|ta·
at|oo|oLa||assc|oo|s, v||c|a:eoot|oteg:at|og
as iastas CCk£ ceaaocs( 8)
The End of The Road
J|e sooe|e:y oi a¡||ite:s . t|ease oi ¡ae||c
iaocs to ¡:ov|ce io:aas io: ¡o||t|ca!·:ac|a| ag|·
tat|oo,aoce:¡:etextoi|e|¡|ogt|e¡oo: .t|ecyo|·
c|sa oi oa: ||g|est ¡a|||c oac|a|s w|o, to get
votesio:t|ease|ves,e|ataot|yacve:t|set|e|::o|es
as c|s¡eose:s oiiece:a| a|c, t|e esseot|a| co::a¡·
t|oo oi¡:|vateg:oa¡s aoc |oc|v|caa|s v|o coa·
¡ete ic: aocoo·t|tat|ooa| |aocoats oi iece:a| tax
aooey. t|e atte: a|sa:c|ty oi gove:oaeota| ¡:o·
g:aas v||c| sa|sc|zeea¡|oyaeotoiaoea¡|oy·
a||e¡e:soosaoct|eoio:cet|ea|ac||otoaoea·
¡|oyaeot |y :eqa|:|og ea¡|oye:s to ¡ay ao:e
wagest|.oea¡|oyeesea:o. t|esta¡|c|tyoias|og
iece:a|taxaooey io:aoaoc|og|as|oessestoc:e·
atej o|saoct|eo¡e:a|tt|ogt|ose|as|oessesto|e
cest:oyec|yaooo¡o||st|cao|oos,w|oseaooo¡o·
|y|sg:aotecaoc¡:otectec|yt|eiece:a|gove:o·
aeot t|ese a:ecoos¡|caoas ieata:es oi P:es|ceot
)o|osoos va: oo ¡ove:ty
T|ese o|v|oas iaws |o m: )o|osoo s G:eat
:oc|etyseeat:|v|a|,|oveve:, aite:a cee¡e:|oo|
|oto t|e :ea| aeao|og oi t|e P:es|ceots ¡|aos
io:oa:oat|oo
P:es|ceot )o|osoos ecacat|oo ¡:og:aa woa|c
g|vet|eiece:a|gove:oaeot coot:o| oiecacat|oo
i:oa ||oce:ga:teo t|:oag| co||ege H|s L:|ao
Deve|o¡aeot¡:og:aasvoa|caa|eeve:y c|ty |o
t|eUnited States acontrolled dependency of fed­
e:a| ageoc|es. H|s va:|oas ¡:o¡osa|s |o t|e ae|c
oi|os¡|ta|| zat|ooaocaec|ca|ca:ewoa|c¡:ocace
asysteaoisoc|a||zec aec|c|oe ascoa¡|ete (aoc
ascaaag|ogto|||e:ty, ast|atoiaoycoaaao|st
coaot:y Tota| c|ctato:s||¡ woa|c :esa|t i:oa
t|eP:es|ceotsaa|t|tac|ooas¡:og:aas io: sa|s|-
c|z|og |ocast:|es, s||it|og ia:ae:s to c|t|es,
t:a|o|og yoa:|, coot:o|||og ag:|ca|ta:a| ¡:ocac·
t|oo, ce|as|ogoa: ca::eocy |y e||a|oat|og go|c·
:ese:ve |ac||og, t|g|teo|og |a|o:·ao|oo coot:o|
ove:wo:|e:saocaaoageaeot|ycest:oy|og:tate
:|g|t·to·wo:| |aws, aoc sto¡¡|og ¡a|||c c:|t|c|sa
oi||s aca|o|st:at|oo |y ase oit|e Iote:oa| kev-
eoae :e:v|ce aoc t|e lece:a| Coaaao|cat|oos
Coaa|ss|oo.
1o s|o:t, m:. )o|osoos G:eat :oc|ety aeaos
tota|oat|ooa|soc|a||saio:t|eLo|tec :tates ßat
national socialism |s oot t|e eoc T|e a|t|aate
a|a |s interational socialism} to |e aoaocec |y
t|e ¡eo¡|e oit|e Lo|tec :tates
CoA¡:||. l , l º´!ooeaoot|aite:sa|a|tt|og
||swa:·oo·¡ove:ty ¡:og:aa io:t|eLo|tec :tates
P:es|ceot jo|osoo s¡o|e to a g:oa¡ oi oews·
¡a¡e: ec|to:s as||og sa¡¡o:t io: ||s io:e|go·a|c
¡:og:aaHec|a:acte:|zecio:e|goa|casac:asace
to :a|se ||v|og staoca:cs io: a|| ¡eo¡|e |o t|e
wo:|c T|e P:es|ceot sa|c
"Every American concerned about his country
should also be concerned about Africa, Asia and
our friends in Latin America . æ . 4
"The young, teeming masses of the under­
developed world are determined to have the
better things in life . . . .
"If a peaceful revolution in these areas is im­
possible, a violent revolution is inevitable . . . .
"We who stand here in peace and security and
prosperity must realize we are greatly out­
numbered . . æ æ "(9)
m:. )o|osoo |os|oaatec t|at t|e |ave·oots o|
t|ewo:|c (w|o, |esa|c, oatoaa|e: as i :toi ,
aayta:oooasaoc cest:oyas | iwe co ootg|ve
t|ea w|at t|ey waot. T|e:e |s oo |og|c |o t|e
P:es|ceots|os|oaat|oo.la¡ove:|s|ecoat|oos|ave
oeve: caasec a aaj o: wa: aoc a:e |oca¡a||e o|
ag|t|ogooe. Iia|||a¡ove:|s|ecoat|oos ooea:t|
Page 5
¡oo|ec t|e|: :esoa:ces aoc o:gao|zec io:a|||taot
act|oo aga|ost as, t|ey coa|c oot |a¡a|: oa: oa-
t|ooa|seca:|ty, sog:eat|ysa¡e:|o: |soa:st:eogt|.
ßat|ive coot|oae||eec|ogoa: ovo:esoa:ces to
¡:ov|ce |os.||eio:e|gooat|oos t|e aeaos to ¡:o-
cace io:aoce:ova:s,t|eyaay become a t|:eat
toas.
P:es|ceot)o|osoovasoot,|oveve:ae:e|y|o·
ca|g|og |o¡o||t|ca| exagge:at|oo aoc :|eto:|c to
i:|g|teo ec|to:s |oto sa¡¡o:t|og ||s io:e|go·a|c
¡:og:aas He vas stat|og |oog·:aoge ¡o||cy.
T|e ¡o||cy vas statec soaev|at ao:e c|ea:|y
oo)aoaa:y:´, l º´·,|yAc|a|£.:teveosoo (L. :.
Aa|assaco: to t|e LNj m:. :teveosoo s¡o|e
to t|eLNGeoe:a| Assea||y, say|ogt|eLo|tec
Nat|oos v||||e|ose:|oasaoaoc|a| t:oa||e | itbe
:ov|et Lo|oo coes oot¡ay ´c a||||oo co||a:s as-
sessec as t|e :ov|ets s|a:e oi LN ex¡eoses |o
t|e m|cc|e£astaoc |o t|e Coogo. Ii t|e LN
:eso|ves |ts aoaoc|a| c:|s|s (|y co||ect|og i:oa
t|e :ov|ets j , t|e Lo|tec :tates ¡|ecges (m:.
:teveosoo sa|cj to |e|¡ ¡ay io: ao international
war on poverty to|eioag|tt|:oag|LNageoc|es.
m:. :teveosoo sa|c t|eLo|tec :tates |as a|:eacv
coot:||atec ao:et|aotvo|||| |oo co||a:s toLN
act|v|t|esaoc|sv||||ogtog|veaac|ao:e.
(10)
T|as,m::teveosoooûe:eca|:||e¡:oa|s|og
to aa|t|¡|y Aae:|cas aa|t|·|||||oo·co||a: coot:|-
|at|oos ·ot|eLN|i t|eLN v|||co||ecta ae:e
´ca||| |ooi:oat|e:ov|ets ß:|||ogot|e:oat|oos
v|t| Aae:|cao tax¡aye:s aooey |as |ecoae oa:
gove:oaeot s oo|y aeaos oi gett|og sa¡¡o:t io:
L :. ¡os|t|oos |ot|eLN Geoe:a| Assea||y, |e-
caasecoaaao|stcoaot:|es, aocot|e:aot|·Aae:i·
caooat|oos,|e|cacoaaaoc|ogaaj o:|tyoivotes
|o t|e Assea||y.
W|at:|g|t|ac m: :teveosoo to ¡:oa|set|at
Aae:|caos v||| |e ia:t|e: ¡|aoce:ec to ¡ay io:a
Lo|tecNat|oosva:oo¡ove:ty : He|acoo:|g|t.
T|e Coost|tat|oo c|ea:|y ¡:ov|ces t|at Aae:|caos
cao |e taxec oo|y |yt|e|:e|ectec :e¡:eseotat|ves
|o Coog:ess , |at ûag:aot c|s:ega:c oi t|e Coo-
st|tat|oo |as |ecoae :oat|oe ¡:oceca:e aaoog
oac|a|s|oa|||:aoc|esoioa:iece:a|gove:oaeot.
¾|t|oat a Coost|tat|oo as a ||oc|og coot:act
to||a|tt|e¡ove:soit|eceot:a|gove:oaeot,aoc
v|t| a Coog:ess v||c| seeas c|s¡osec to :a||e:-
staa¡eve:yt||ogP:es|ceot)o|osoo ¡:o¡oses, oa:
oat|oo |s |o g:ave caoge:. Note |ov eas||y t|e
A¡¡a|ac||a·a|c||||¡assect|e:eoateoole|:aa:y
l , lº´· oo|y :: :eoato:s votec aga|ost t||s ||||,
v||c|v|| |, |ia¡¡:ovec|yt|eHoase,g|veiece:a|
ageoc|es coot:o| oi t|e ecoooay oi l l eot|:e
:tates.
£ooag|¡:essa:ei:oat|e¡a|||ccoa|cio:cet|e
Hoaseto:ej ectt|eA¡¡a|ac||a·a|c||||,a|eystooe
oit|e i:|g|tia|st:acta:ev||c| P:es|ceot)o|osoo
ca||st|eG:eat :oc|ety Lo|ess t|e ¡a|||c cao |e
|oio:aecaoca:oasecto:es|st÷ootoo|yt|eA¡-
¡a|ac||asc|eae|ata||ot|e:¡o:t|oosoit|e¨va:
oo¡ove:ty veaayaocoa:se|vessot|g|t|ycoo·
t:o||ec|y a soc|a||st|cc|ctato:s||¡ t|at :es|staoce
v||| |e |a¡oss|||e.
£ac|:eace:oit||sReport coa|c|e|¡|aaeose|y
|y o:ce:|og aa|t|¡|e co¡|es io: c|st:||at|oo to
ot|ets.
WHO I S D A N S MO O T ?
Born in Missouri, reared in Texas, Dan Smot went to SMU getting BA and MA degrees, 1938 and 1940. In
1941, he joined the faculty at Harvard as a Teaching Fellow, doing graduate work for a doctorate in American civili­
zation. From 1942 to 1951, he was an FBI agent: three and a half years on communist investigations; two yers on
FBI headquarters staf; almost four years on general FBI cases ill various places. He resigne from the FBI and,
from 1951 to 1955, was commentator on national radio and television programs, giving both sides of controversial
issues. In July, 1955, he started his present proft-supported, free-enterprise business : publishing The Dan Smoot
Report, a weekly magazine available by subscription; and producing a weekly news-analysis radio and television
broadcast, available for sponsorship by reputable business frms, as an advertising vehicle. The Report and broadcst
give one side of important issues : the side that presents documented truth using the American Constitution as a yard­
stick. If you think Smoot's materials are efective against socialism and communism, you can help immensely-help get
subribers for the Report, commercial sponsors for te brodcast.
Pag 55
Congressional Fund
A t t|e :eqaest oi sa|sc:||e:s, we |ee¡ all
aea|e:s o| t|e Lo|tec :tates Coog:ess |ot|
Hoase aoc :eoateoo a ¡e:aaoeot sa|sc:|¡t|oo
||st We co t||s at oa: ex¡eose, aoc, s|oce t|e
cost|s:at|e:||g|,weaa|et||sio:aa|aoooaoce-
aeot ooce eac| yea:, |ov|t|og coot:||at|oos to
|e|¡ ca::y t|e |oac.
Yoa: coot:||at|oos to as |o: t||s ¡a:¡ose a:e
oot tax·exea¡t , aoc we cao oo |ooge: ase a
s¡ec|ûcc:at:||at|ooto¡:ov|cea sa|sc:|¡t|oo io:
s¡ec|ûcke¡:eseotat|veso::eoato:s Aoysaat|at
yoa seoc w||| |e ¡|acec |o oa: geoe:a| Coog:es·
s|ooa| laoc to |e|¡ ¡ay t|e ove:·a|| ex¡eose÷
aoc w||| |e s|oce:e|y a¡¡:ec|atec, |ecaase it is
oeecec.
* * * * *
I ndex
\e st||| |ave a se¡a:ate |ocex ava||a||e io:
t|e|ollow|ogyea:s, |o:t|osew|osave|oc|v|caa|
Reports:
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FOOTNOTES
( 1 ) See this Report, "Johnson's War On Poverty," March 30, 1964,
pp. 97-104; "Foreign Aid And Poverty," August 10, 1964, pp.
249-2 56; copies are available at 2 5c each.
( 2 ) "Text of President Johnson's Special Message on Poverty
Presented to Congress," The New York Times, March 17,
1964, p. 22
( 3 ) "There's Already a 'War on Poverty'-," U. S. News & World
Report, April 13, 1964, p. 46
( 4) "Johnson's ARA Program Bankrupting Widow," Human EIents,
June 20, 1964, pp. 1 , 2
( 5 ) "Federal Bureaucrats Take Jobs From Over 200 in Appalachia,"
Human Events, September 5, 1964, p. 9; "Kentucky Conflict,"
editorial, The Dallas Moming News, December 1 5 , 1964, Sec.
4, p. 4
( 6) "Report on the Appalachian Front," by Ken Thompson, The
Dallas Moming News, February 3, 1965, Sec. 4, p. 4
( 7) Special to the Times from Washington, D. C, The New York
Times, January 29, 1965, p. 1 3
( 8 ) "Dallas Delegates to Poverty Talks Reflect Present Despair,
Future Hope," Special to the Times Herald from Tucson, Ariz.,
The Dallas Times Herald, January 27, 1965, p. 18A
(9) "LBJ Speaks for Aid Program; Cites World's Teeming Poor,"
article by Allen Duckworth from Washington, D. C, The Dalla
Moring News, April 22, 1964, Sec. 1 , p. 1
( 10 ) "Stevenson Warns U On 'Double Standard' , " UPI dispatch
from UN, New York, The Dallas Morning News, Januar 27,
1965, Sec. 1, p. 2
NAME (Please Prin)
STREET ADDRSS
CITY STATE Z CDE
(Texas Add 2% for Sale Tax)
THE DAN SMOOT RPORT, BOX 9538, DALLAS, TEXAS 75214 TAYLOR 1-2303
Pag 56
ÏMË
1(1 SIIOOt Re,Olt
Vol. 1 1 , No. 8 (Broadcast 496) February 22, 1 965 Dallas, Texas
DAN SMOOT
CI VI L R I GHTS OR C I VI L WAR?
¡a:|ogt|eaoot|oi)aoaa:yaoct|ea:sttwowee|soi le|:aa:v, i º´· , a g:oa¡ oi oat·oi-:tate
|awye:s, ca|||og t|ease|ves a ce¡os|t|ooca:avao, wo:|eco¡eo|y|om|ss|ss|¡¡|ooa¡:og:aao:|g|o·
a||y|aaoc|ec|y)ose¡|:ta||oatt|e:|xt|Wo:|cCoog:essoit|eCoaaao|stIote:oat|ooa|,|omos·
cow, i º.s.
T|e|aaec|ateo|j ect|veoit|e ce¡os|t|ooca:avao was to aoseat t|e m|ss|ss|¡¡| ce|egat|oo |o
Coog:ess to :e¡|ace|awia||y·e|ectec ke¡:eseotat|vesw|t|ooo-e|ectec¡e:soosa¡¡:ovec|ycoa-
aao|stag|tato:s. T|e |oog·:aogecoaaao|sta|a |s to ioaeot :ac|a| c|v|| wa: w||c| w||| caase
eooag| ||oocs|ecaoc v|o|eoceto c|saea|e:t|e Aae:|caoLo|ooaoceoa||ecoaaao|ststoesta|·
||s|a:ov|etc|ctato:s||¡.
T|e ce¡os|t|ooca:avao, c|a|a|ogto|ewo:||og io:oeg:o c|v|| :|g|ts, |ac eot|as|ast|c sa¡¡o:t
|:oaaaoyaea|e:so|t|e Lo|tec:tatesCoog:ess, aoc |:oa ot|e: ¡:oa|oeot ¡eo¡|e t|:oag|oat
t|eoat|oo. Geoe:a||y, t|e¡:esswase|t|e:s||eot a|oatw|atwas|a¡¡eo|og,o:¡:eseotec c|sto:tec
:e¡o:ts w||c| |e|¡ec t|e coaaao|st caase.
It|sai:|
x
|teo|ogsto:yw||c|cao|eaoce:stoocoo|y aga|ostt|e |ac|c:o¡ o|||sto:y.
1o ì º.i , t|e Coaaao|stIote:oat|ooa| at moscow |ost:actec Aae:|cao coaaao|sts ¨to o:gao|ze
ao1 |eac t|e Neg:o aasses. ¨ Io i º.s, )ose¡| :ta||o gave s¡ec|ûc c|:ect|oos t|e coaaao|st goa|
wastocooascatet|e¡:o¡e:tyo|a||w||tes |o t|e ¨||ac|·|e|t¨ :eg|oo o| t|e Ace:|cao soat|e:o
:tates, cetac| t|e :eg|oo i:oa t|eLo|oo, aocesta|||s| |t as a oeg:o :ov|et ke¡a|||c. T||s coa·
aao|st o|j ect|ve |as oeve: |eeo a|te:ec. It was |a|c as|ce |o i º!i w|eo oaz| a:a|es |ovacec t|e
:ov|etLo|oo, aoc |e|c |o a|eyaoce aot|| i º!´. :|oce t|eo, tact|cs|ave |eeo ao:e sa|t|e t|ao |e-
|o:eWo:|cWa:II, s|ogaos|avec|aogec,aocao:e we||-|oteot|ooec ooo-coaaao|sts ( es¡ec|a||y
c|e:gyaeoaocco||egestaceots , |ave|eeoca¡ec|oto co|og t|e ¡a:ty s :ac|a|·ag|tat|oo wo:|, |at
t|egoa||as:eaa|oec ûxec. ||oocy :acewa: |o t|eLo|tec :tates.
THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, a magazine published every week by The Dan Smoot Report, Inc., mail­
ing address P. O. Box 9538, Lakewod Station, Dallas, Texas 75214; Telephone TAylor 1·2303 ( office
address 6441 Gaston Avenue). Subscription rates: $1 0.00 a year, $6.00 for 6 months, $18.00 for two years.
For frst class mail $12.50 a year; by ainnail ( including APO and FPO) $14.50 a year. Reprints of specifc
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Add 2% sales tax on all orders originating in Texas for Texas delivery.
Copyright by Dan Smoot, 1965. Second class mail privilege authorized at Dallas, Texas.
No Reproductions Permitted.
Pag 57
Io i º.º, w|eo :ta||o c|ctatec t||s | oog·:aoge
¡:og:aa, ßeojaa|oG|t|owwas |eac oit|eL :
coaaao|st¡a:ty.:ta||osoew¡:og:aai:|g|teoec
||a. He was | ate: ex¡e||ec i:oa t|e ¡a:ty io:
c|so|ey|ogo:ce:s. :|ocet|eo,|e|asaaceacoo-
s|ce:a||e coot:||at|oo towa:c ex¡os|og t|e coa·
aao|stcoos¡|:acy |o t|e Lo|tec :tates. He:e a:e
exe:¡ts i:oa a ßeojaa|o G|t|ow a:t|c|e |ose:tec
io t|e Congresional Record oo Aagast ¯, i º´ª
(¡ages i ª´´¯·¯, ca||y ec|t|oo, .
"Communists and their supporters . æ . a intend
to arouse to a fever heat the nationalist and
chauvinist sentiments now fnding expression in
segments of the Negro population, into a drive
for separation of the Negroes from the whites
through the establishment of an independent
Negro republic in the United States . . . .
"The communists are deliberately maneuver­
ing among the American Negroes to create a
situation for the outbreak of racial violence,
to such an extent that it can be turned into a
civil war - a civil war on a racial basis . . . . In
such a civil war, should they succeed in foment­
ing it, the communists hope to so undermine the
American government and our social structure
that they can take over power. In the racial civil
war they envisage, they are sure Negroes will
be in the front ranks, the shock troops of the
communist revolution . . . .
"Until recently, the Communist policy . . . has
been to soft pedal their demand for . . . a
Negro . . . separationist movement . . . to oust
the whites from the South, expropriate their
lands and property, and establish a Negro Re­
public under communist hegemony . . . . [ But
now] the slogan of self-determination for the
Negro . . . is in the forefront of the American
Communist Party's general program . . . .
"The communists . . . . know where they are
going and they are hell bent on getting there,
even if they have to drown the American Negroes
in their own blood to get the power they covet."
J |e so·ca||ec c|v||·:|g|ts aoveaeot |o t|e
Lo|tec :tates |s a coaaao|st c:eat|oo, aoc Ias
|eeo |a:ge|y aao|¡a|atec |ycoaaao|sts s|oce |t
was c:eatec.(1)
T|eNat|ooa|Assoc|at|ooio:t|eAcvaoceaeot
oiCo|o:ecIeo¡| e( NAACIj is t|e¡riaaryc|v||·
:|g|tsg:oa¡ coooectecw|t|ot|e:st|:oag||o·
te:|oc||ogc|:ecto:ates.T|eNAACPwasloaocec
|oi ºcº. Itsa:staveto¡oac|a|swe:ewe||·|oowo
soc|a||sts ooe oi w|oa ( W. £. ß. Daßo|s
)
|ate: |ecaaeaa|||taotcoaaeo|st. Io i ºª´,coa·
aeo|sts |egao |oa|t:at|og t|e NAACP. ßy l º·´,
at |east ¯¯ to¡ NAACP oac|a|s we:e |oowo to
iece:a| ageoc|es as ¡a:t|c|¡aots |o coaaeo|st o:
¡:o·coaaao|st act|v|t|es.(
1)
T|e:oat|e:o Cooie:eoce £cecat|ooa| laoc, a
¡owe:ie| c|v||·:|g|ts o:gao|zat|oo, |as |e|¡ec a·
oaoce aoc esta|||s| seve:a| ot|e: g:oa¡s. T|e
)o|otLeg|s|at|veCoaa|tteeooLo·Aae:.cao Ac·
t|v|t|es oi t|e :tate oi Loa|s|aoa :evea|ec ( |o a
:e¡o:t ¡a|||s|ec A¡:|| i ª, i º´!, t|at t|e :C£l
|s coot:o| |ec aoc aaoagec |ycoaaeo|sts.( 1)
T|e :teceot Noov|o|eot Coo:c|oat|og Coa·
a|ttee (w||c| |as |oc|tec aec| :ac|a| v|o|eoce,
¡a:t|ca|a:|yaaoogco||ege steceots, |s ¨se|stao·
t|a||y eoce: t|e |oûeeoce oi t|e Coaaao|st
Pa:ty, ¨ acco:c|og to t|e Loe|s|aoa )o|ot Leg|s|a·
t|ve Coaa|ttee.( 1)
T|e Coaa|ttee :e¡e:tec t|at ma:t|o Let|e:
K|ogs :oet|e:oC|:|st|aoLeace:s||¡ Cooie:eoce
|s a|so ¨sa|staot|a||y aoce: t|e coot:o| oi t|e
Coaaeo|stPa:ty. ¨K|og ( io:eaost¡e:sooa||ty|o
t|e c|v||·:|g|ts aoveaeot
)
|s ooto:|oas lo: ||s
assoc|at|oo w|t| coaaao|sts, coaaeo|st·i:oote:s,
coaaeo|st o:gao|zat|oos, aoc ao:a| cegeoe:ates
coooectec w|t| coaaeo|st caeses.(
1
)
T|eCoog:ess oikac|a|£qaa||ty ( CCk£, |as,
¡e:|a¡s, c|:ect|y |ost|gatec ao:e :ac|a| v|o|eoce
aocc|v|| c|so|ec|eocet|ao aoy ot|e: c|v||·:|g|ts
g:oe¡ Comay :·, iº´i, U. :. :eoato:)aaes C.
£ast|aoc (m|ss|ss|¡¡|Deaoc:at, C|a|:aaooit|e
Iote:oal:eca:|ty :a|coaa|ttee, :e¡o:tec.
"From investigation and examination of the
facts and records, there can be little doubt, i
my j udgment, but that this group [ CORE] is
an arm of the Communist conspiracy. They are
agents of worldwide communism." (
1)
T|eNat|ooa|Coaoc|| oiC|a:c|es|as|ecoae
aa|||taot:ac|a|·ag|tat|oo g:oa¡. At|east ´¯ºoi·
ac|a|soit|eNCC|avecoaaao|st-i:oot :eco:cs
according to a 3 1O-page book ( ||s:|og names
aoc :eco:cs, ¡a|||s|ec |y C|:ca|t k|ce:s, Ioc.,
Page 58
l l c Cove:oaeot P|ace, C|oc|ooat| :, C||o
( s!. cc
)
.
T|e Aae:|cao C|v|| L.|e:t|es Lo|oo (ve:y |o
ûaeot|a| |o t|e c|v||·:|g|ts aoveaeot, was
|oaocec |y coaaao|sts aoc soc|a||sts At |east
o|oe µ:oa|oeot oac|a|s o| ACLL |ave |eeo
||o|ec w.t| coaaao|st |:oots o: w|t| coaaao|st
act|v|t|es.
(
1, 2)
At |east |oa: oac|a|s o| t|e Nat|ooa| L:|a:
Leagae (o|cest c|v||·:|g|ts g:oaµ
)
|ave coaaa·
o|st·|:oot :eco:cs.( 1)
T|e Aae:|cao jew|s| Coog:ess |s a|||taot|y
act|ve|o:|ec|v||·:|g|tsaoveaeotka|||:teµ|eo
W|se ( |eaco|t|eAjC|o:yea:s , wasassoc|atec
w|t| a|oat !ccoaaao|st|:oots. Is:ae| Co|cste|o
(w|osacceececW|seas|eaco|t|eAjC,,ka|||
joac||a P:|oz ( µ:eseot |eac o| t|e A)C, , aoc
W||| mas|ow ( µ:eseot execat|ve c|:ecto: o| t|e
AjC, a|| |ave coaaao|st·|:oot :eco:cs. ·'
P :es|ceotDw|g|tD. £|seo|owe:seott|elclst
A|:|o:oeD|v|s|ootoL|tt|ekoc||olº·:. Hev|o·
|atec|ece:a||awaoct|eCoost|tat|oo,|ataµµa:·
eot|y |e||evec |ewas µ:oµe:|y eo|o:c|og a ¨|aw
o| t|e |aoc,¨ cooce:o|og sc|oo| |oteg:at|oo
t|oag| oo sac| |aw ex|stec :|a||a:|· P:es| ceot
jo|o l Keooecy seot :c,ccc t:ooµs, ¯cc L. :.
ma:s|a|s, aoc sco:es o|sµec|a| ageots |oto m|s·
s|ss|µµ| |o l º´., to eo|o:ce ao |||ega| o:ce: |y
ooe :aµ:eae Coa:t )ast|ce, cooce:o|og t|e eo
:o||aeot o| ooe NAACP·sµooso:ec oeg:o |o a
:tateLo|ve:s|ty.( 3) T|e:e was a coaµa:a||e |ova·
s|oo o| t|e :tate o| A|a|aa+ |o l º´· Io l º´·,
P:es|ceo| )o|osoo |s µas||og a c:|ve to :eaove
|aa|g:at|oo |a::|e:s T||s woa|c aca|t, aaoog
ot|e:s,|o:ceso|A|:|caos,w|owoa|cqa|c||yaoc
|oev|ta||y |oteos||y :ac|a| teos|oos. T|ese eveots
a:e µa:t o|t|e |a:vestwe a:e:eaµ.og|:oa seecs
o| cest:act|oo w||c| coaaao|st·c|:ectec :ac|a|
ag|tato:s|ave|eeoµ|aot|og |o: a geoe:at|oo
It|sceeµ|y c|sta:||og to watc| t|ecoaaao|st
µ|ot ao|o|c. most µ:oa|oeot acto:s |o t|e µ|ot
seem unaware that their actions are related to
coaaao.st µa:µoses. T|eµ:ess (:evea||og saµe:·
||c|a| |os|g|t, o: oooe, |oto w|at |s |aµµeo|og
)
geoe:a||y :eµo:ts :ac|a| coot:ove:s|es as st:agg|es
|o: j ast|ce, t|as coocea||og coaaao|st aac||oa·
t|oosaocµa:µose T|eµa|||c|sqa|teaoµ:eµa:ec
to|e||evet|ataaac||ave|||aocoosµ|:acyto|oc|te
c|v||wa:|asaoycoooect|oow|t|t|eact|oosaoc
µo||c|es o| oa: P:es|ceots, o: coooect|oo w|t|
oo:t|e:oaocweste:oco||egestaceotsooasaaae:
µ:oj ecto|vote::eg|st:at|oo|ot|e:oat|,o:w|t|a
g:oaµ o| oat·o|·:tate |awye:s ta||og ceµos|t|oos
|om|ss|ss|µµ|.
To :e|ate aoc cocaaeot t|e eot|:e sto:y o|
w|at coaaao|sts |oteoc to co, aoc w|at t|ey
|ave a|:eacy accoaµ||s|ec, woa|c :eqa|:e vo|·
aaes We cao get ao |o|||og |y exaa|o|og t|e
|ac|g:oaocaoccoocacto|t|e:eceotm|ss|ss|µµ|
oµe:at|oo - w||c| ||ts |otot|egeoe:a| coaaa·
o|st µ|ao |o:cooqaest o| t|eLo|tec :tates.
tojaoe:·, l º´·, The Worker ( o|||c|a|oews-
µaµe:o|t|ecoaaao|stµa:ty, µ:eseotecaµo||cy
stateaeot w:|tteo |y ßeojaa|o Dav|s ( oeg:o,
secooc ||g|est o|||c|a| oi t|e L :. coaaao|st
µa:ty, Dav|s ceaaocec t|att|e |ece:a| gove:o·
aeot cec|a:e :tate gove:oaeots |o t|e :oat| ||·
|ega| aoct|eo coocact |ece:a||ysaµe:v|sec e|ec·
t|oos to |osta|| oew gove:oaeots ( as was cooe
a|te: t|e C|v|| Wa:, .
Notet|att||scoaaao|stceaaoc|o:ove:t|:ow
o| |aw|a| :tate gove:oaeots |o t|e :oat| ( t|e
|.:st:eg.oow||c|coaaao|stswaottocetac||:oa
t|eAae:|caoLo|ooaocesta|||s|asa:ov|etsate|·
||te, wasaace|o]aoe, lº´·.
CoDecea|e:´, l º´·, jo|oLew|s ( oeg:o,|eac
o|t|e:taceotNoov|o|eotCoo:c|oat|ogCoaa|t·
tee, aoooaocec t|e :NCCs m|ss|ss|µµ| :aa-
ae: P:oj ect |o: lº´!. co||ege staceots wea|c|e
seot to a:oase |aoc:ecs o| t|oasaocs o| m|s-
s|ss|µµ| oeg:oes to :eg|ste: |o:vot|og.Lew|ssa|c
t||s ac.|v|ty woa|c µ:ec|µ|tate |o m|ss|ss|µµ| a
c:|s|s o| sac| aago|tace t|at "the Federal Gov­
ernment wil have to take over the State,"(4)
Early in 1964, the Student Nonviolent Coo:1|·
oat|ogCoaa|tteec|st:||ateca µaaµ||etexplain-
Page 59
iogitsmississiµµi :aaae: P:oj ect, aoc µleaciog
io:coot:i|atioosoiaooey.He:ea:eexce:µts .
"Although the Student Nonviolent Coordinat­
ing Committee has active projects in thirteen
Southern States . . . . Mississippi has become the
main target of SNCC's staf and resources . . . .
"This summer, SNCC, in cooperation with
COFO [ Council of Federated Organizations ] ,
is launching a massive Peace Corps·type opera­
tion in Mississippi . . . .
"A large number of law students will come to
Mississippi to launch a massive legal ofensive
against the ofcial tyranny of the state. The time
has come to challenge every Mississippi law which
deprives Negroes of their rights, and to bring
suit against every state and local ofcial who
commits crimes in the name of his ofce . 4 . .
"The struggle for freedom in Mississippi can
only be won by a combination of action within
the state and a heightened awareness through­
out the country of the need for massive federal
intervention to ensure the voting rights of N e­
groes. This summer's program will work toward
both objectives."
Co may 20, 1 964, t|e Coaocil oi lece:atec
C:gaoizatioos ( CClC w|ic| coo:cioates t|e
activities oi sac| o:gaoizatioos as NAACP,
CCk£,:NCC,aocma:tioLat|e:Kiogs:CLC,
aace ao aoooaoceaeot cooce:oiog :|e iaµeoc-
iog mississiµµi :aaae: P:oj ect. CClC saic it
woalcst:essvote:s :ig|ts t|:oag|oat t|e :oat|,
|at esµecially io mississiµµi, to demonstrate the
need for federal intervention. (5)
Co t|at saae cay may 20, 1964 Leo
Pieiie: (geoe:al coaosel oit|e Aae:icao jewis|
Coog:ess, anooaocecioNewYo:|t|at:eligioas
aoc civ|l·:ig|ts o:gaoizatioos |ac a::aogec io:
60 volaotee:lawye:sto sµeoc atleasttwowee|s
wit|oat µay io soat|e:o :tates ca:iog t|e saa-
ae:oi 1964, to ceieoc ceaoost:ato:sw|oaig|t
|ec|a:gecwit|violatioosoilocalaoc:tatelaws.
C:gaoizatioosoaaecasµa:ticiµaotswit|t|eAjC
io t|is µ:oj ect we:e t|e National Coaocil oi
C|a:c|es, t|e Coog:ess oi kacial £qaality, t|e
NatiooalAssociatiooio:t|eAcvaoceaeotoiCol-
o:ecPeoµle,t|eAae:icao Civil Li|e:ties Loioo,
the American Jewish Committee, and the Student
Noovioleot Coo:cioatiogCoaaittee.(
6)
Ia:lyio)aoe, 1964, itwasaoooaocect|atao:e
t|ao1000 staceotsi:oat|eNo:t|aocWest|ac
|eeo :ec:aitec to µa:ticiµate io t|e mississiµµi
:aaae:P:ojectwit|t|esµeciiicassigoaeotto
:egiste: oeg:oes io:votiog. T|eCoaociloilec-
e:atecC:gaoizatioos ( CClC, was to |e:esµoo-
si|le io:co·o:cioatiog activities oi allg:oaµs io-
volveciot|eµ:oj ect( 7)
Co)aoe 26, 1 964, t|e NAACPs |oa:c oici·
:ecto:s ceaaocec t|at t|e iece:al gove:oaeot
ta|e coot:ol oit|e :tate oi mississiµµi(8) ooe
yea: aoc t|:ee cays aite:coaaaoistoiiicialßeo-
j aaioDavis|ac ceaaoceciece:aloccaµatioooi
allsoat|e:o:tates.
1 96 Pol itical Action
1o may, 1964, CCk£aocCClC|elca aeet-
iog i ojac|soo, mississiµµi, to o:gaoize t|e µa:·
ticiµatioooioeg:oes ( ascaocicates, iot|eio:t|-
coaiog Deaoc:at Pa:ty µ:iaa:y electioos. Coly
· · µe:soos atteocec, aost oi t|ea i:oa oat oi
:tate.( 9) Nooet|eless, ioa:oeg:oes cicget oot|e
|allotascaoc|catesio:iece:aloii|ceiot|ejaoe,
1964, Deaoc:atPa:tyµ:iaa:ies iomississiµµi .
( 1 ) Mrs. Fannie Lou Hamer ran for nomina­
tion as Democrat Party candidate for the U. S.
House of Representatives from the second con­
gressional district; but the incumbent Democrat,
Jamie Whitten, defeated her by a vote of
35,21 8 to 621 .
(2) J. M. Houston ran against the Democrat
incumbent (John Bell Williams) in the third
congressional district, and was defeated by a
vote of 37, 701 to 1 259.
(3) In the ffth congressional district, a negro
(J ohn Cameron) and two whites ran against
U. S. Representative William M. Colmer. Colmer
won with 30,398 votes. The negro received 883
votes.
(4) Mrs. Victoria Jackson Gray ran against U. S.
Senator John Stennis, and was defeated by a vote
of 1 73, 764 to 4703. (
1
0
)
Having signally failed in their efforts to direct
oeg:o µa:ticiµatioo io t|e Deaoc:at Pa:ty µ:i-
Pag 6
aa:|es, :ac|a|·ag|tat|eo g:eaµs |o H|ss|ss|µµ|
|e:aec t|e|: ewoµa:ty~ t|e l:eecea Deae-
c:at|c Pa:ty. Late:, a H|ss|ss|µµ| Coa:t e:ce:ec
ce|et|eo e| t|e we:c Democratic. IoH|ss|ss|µµ|,
t|eg:eaµ | s oew ca||ec l:eecoa Pa:ty, |at, |o
|ts oat|ooa| µ:eµagaoca, |t st||| ca||s |tse|| l:ee-
cea Deaec:at|c Pa:ty.
CoAagastl , l º´!,t|el:eeceaPa:ty|e|cceo-
veot|eos |o !c e| t|e º: ceaot|es |o H|ss|ss|µµ|.
It |e|c a :tate ceoveot|eo eo Aagast ´. Cat·
e|·:tateµe:seoswe:e|ocoot:e|e|a||t|eceoveo-
t|eos. T|e l:eecea Pa:ty c|c oot |e|c µ:|aa:y
e|ect|eos aoc was oet oo t|e e|||c|a| |a||et |e:
t|el º´!geoe:a|e|ect|eos(9) Iosteaco|µa:t|c|µat·
|og |ega||y |o t|e geoe:a| e|ect|oos, t|e Pa:ty
stagec a |ea:·cay aec| e|ect|eo, |eeµ|og |ts
¨µo||s¨eµeoceot|oaeas|y, :!|oa:sacay,l:|cay.
:ata:cay, :aocay, aoc meocay, Ccte|e: ·c
t|:eag|Nevea|e: :, lº´!.
Io t|e Novea|e: ª, l º´!, geoe:a| e|ect|eos.
qaa||||ecvete:se|H|ss|ss|µµ|e|ectec|ea:Deae-
c:atsaoceoekeµa|||caoasL. : keµ:eseotat|ves
|:ea t|e :tates ûve ceog:ess|eoa| c|st:|cts .
T|eaasC A|e:oet|y, je|o ße|| W||||aas, W||-
||aa m. Ce|ae:, jaa|e W||tteo, aoc P:eot|ss
Wa||e: ( t|e keµa|||cao, .
Co Decea|e: !, l º´!, W||||aa m. Kaost|e:,
ceaose||e:t|el:eeceaPa:ty,aoooaocect|at|| s
µa:tycoos|ce:ect|ee|ect|oos |ova||c, aocwoa|c
c|a||eoge t|e seat|og o| t|e eot|:e m|ss|ss|µµ|
ce|egat|eo. :ay|og t|e Ceost|tat|eo µ:ev|ces |e:
e|ect|eoe|L. :. keµ:eseotat|ves |y ¨a||t|e µee-
µ|e¨ (w||c||soetacca:ate, , |ea||egec t|att|e
Deaec:at Pa:ty |o m|ss|ss|µµ| v|e|a:ec t|e Coo-
st|tat|eo,|ecaaseeo|y·. :µe:ceote|m|ss|ss|µµ| s
oeg:eeswe:e :eg|ste:ectevete |o lº´! Hea|se
a||egec t|at m|ss|ss|µµ| s | |te:acy test |o: vote:s
( st|µa|atec |o t|e :tate Ceost|tat|eo aceµtec |o
l ººc) v|e|ates t|ete:asaoce:w||c| m|ss|ss|µµ|
was ¨:eaca|ttec¨ te t|eLo|eo |o l º:c.
( 11)
Kaost|e: asse:tec t|at l:eecea Pa:ty caoc|-
cates ( |ot|e|ea:·cayaec|e|ect|eo, |ega||yweo
ta:ee ei mississiµµi s seats io tae oat:eoa| Ceo-
g:ess.
(11)
Contest and Caravan
¾ |eot|eL. : Heasee|keµ:eseotat|vesceo-
veoecoojaoaa:y! l º´· ,keµ:eseotat|veW||||aa
l|ttskyao (NewYe:|Deaec:at, , saµµo:tec|y
|||e:a|s |:oa va:|oas ot|e: °tates, e|j ectec te
t|eswea:|og|oe|ûvekeµ:eseotat|ves|:eaH|s-
s|ss|µµ| eo g:eaocs t|at t|e|: e|ect|eos |ac
|eeo c|a||eogec |y t|e l:eecoa Pa:ty. Hease
Haje:|ty Leace: Ca:| A||e:t ( C||a|eaa Deae-
c:at, |ot:ecacec a kese|at|eo aat|e:|z|og t|e
:µea|e:teaca|o|ste:t|eeat|e|emcetet|eûve
H|ss|ss|µµ| keµ:eseotat|ves. ßy a vete e| ::´ te
l!º, t|eHoasesaµµo:tecA||e:t.T|em|ss|ss|µµ|
ce|egat|eowasswo:o |oaoc seatec.
( 12)
T|atc|coeteoct|eaatte:, |eweve:, |ecaase
t|e l:eecoa Pa:ty |ac û|ec |o:aa| Not|ces e|
Ceotest, ceaaoc|og.
( 1 ) that three negro women (Mrs. Anne De­
vine, Mrs. Fannie Lou Hamer, and Mrs. Vic­
toria Jackson Gray) be seated in the House to
replace U. S. Representatives Prentiss Walker,
Jamie L. Whitten, and William M. Colmer;
(2) that the elections of U. S. Representatives
John Bell Williams and Thomas G. Abernethy
be declared illegal, and their seats in Congress
be vacant until new elections are held.
T|e l:eecea Pa:tys Net|ces e| Ceotest c|c
oeta||eget|att|em|ss|ss|µµ|keµ:eseota:|ves|ac
actec aoet||ca||y, v:o|atec aoy |aw, e: |a||ec te
aeet µ:ov|s|eos o| |aw 1|ey a||egec oo|y t|at
t|ee|ect|eoswe:e|ova||c |ecaaseooteooag|oe-
g:oeswe:e:eg|ste:ectevete.
(
11,13)
He:e, | o |:|e|, a:e :a|es geve:o|og t|e ceo-
test|og o| e|ect|oos te t|e Hoase o| keµ:eseota-
t|ves .
1 . Notice of Contest must be given within 30
days after ofcial canvass.
2. Reply by the Member whose election is
contested must be within 30 days after Notice of
Contest.
3. Testimony must be taken within 90 days
following the reply by the Member. This shall be
divided into three periods:
a. 40 days in behalf of contestant
Page 61
b. 40 days in behalf of Member
c. 1 0 days for rebuttal by contestant .
4. Testimony may be taken at two or more
places, but both sides must be given an oppor­
tunity to be represented. Names of witnesses
must be given in advance so that the opposite
side may be prepared to cross-examine. (14)
Lawye:sio:t|el:eecoaPa:tyioaoc|oaoo|c
iece:a||aw (eoactec|ol º· l , aweaµootose:ve
t|e|: eocs. T|e iº· i |aw µ:ov|ces t|at aoyooe
cootest|og ao e|ect|oo cao o|ta|o sa|µoeoas aoc
coaµe| w|toesses to aµµea: io:test|aooy.
T|e sa|µoeoas cao |e |ssaec |y aoy oota:y
µa|||c,a+yo:,o:j acgeoiacoa:toi:eco:c, aoy
w|e:e|o:|eLo|tec :tates Aoyµe:sooia|||ogto
o|ey a cootestaot s sa|µoeoa to apµea: aoc g|ve
test|aooyc+o|ei|oecs:c cc (w||c||sg|veoto
t|e cootestaot , aoc |aµ:|sooec io: a|sceaea·
oo:. ··
Cootestaots |awye:s cao |o|c |ea:|ogs to ta|e
test|aooy o: ceµos|t|oos at aoy t|ae, aoyw|e:e
|o t|eLo|tec :tates, µ:ov|cec oo|y t|at t|e µe:·
soo w|ose e|ect|oo |s |e|og cootestec |e g|veo
oot|ce :! |oa:s |o acvaoce.(15)
ka|es io: coocact|og t|e |ea:|ogs a:e vagae,
aocj ac|c|a|µ:oceca:esa:eootµ:esc:||ecHeoce,
atto:oeys ta||og test|aooy cao oµe:ate oot oo|y
as µa:t|sao |awye:s |at a|so as µ:es|c|og omce:s,
coocact|og |ea:|ogs as t|ey µ|ease.
lJ4,1û)
ßy a|c·]aoaa:y, i ºc· , aµµ:ox|aate|y :cc oat·
oi·:tate|awye:swe:e|om|ss|ss|µµ|,(
16) a:aecw|t|
sa|µoeoas, |o|c|og |ea:|ogs, ta||og ceµos|t|oos
aoc test|aooy |o |e|a|i oi t|e l:eecoa Pa:tv.
Cmc|a|s oi t|e :tate oi m|ss|ss|µµ| we:e io:cec
to atteoc |ea:|ogs (w||c|, acco:c|og to ooe As·
soc|atecP:essw:|te:,we:ecoocactec¨|||ea|ase·
|a|| gaaew|t|oat a :eie:ee¨ ,( 17) aoc to aoswe:,
aoce: oat|, |osa|t|og qaest|oos µ:oµoaocec |y
|ost||e |awye:s i:oa New Yo:|, massac|asetts,
Ca||io:o|a, ao1e|sew|e:e.
Ao ao|oowo oaa|e: oi |awye:s :eµ:eseot|og
t|e I:eecoa Pa:ty |e|c |e+:|ogs oats|ce m|s·
s|ss|µµ| . Io ße:|e|ey, C+|| io:o|+, :|ey :oo| :es:|·
aooyi:oastaceotsw|o |acµa:t|c|µatec |o t|e
m|ss|ss|µµ| :aaae: P:oj ect oi l º:! (aaoy oi
w|oa a|so µa:t|c|µatec |ot|ecoaaao|st·|oc|tec
staceot:|ots atße:|e|ey|ate: |o iº:!, . AtYa|e,
t|eytoo| test|aooy i:oa µsyc||at:|sts a|oat t|e
geoe:a| aeota| cooc|t|oo oi m|ss|ss|µµ| c|t|zeos.
T|ey |e|c |ea:|ogs |o ßostoo, New Yo:| C|ty,
P|||ace|µ||a,Det:o|t,Was||ogtoo,Newa:|,ßai·
ia|o, :ao l:aoc|sco - |o c|t|es t|:oag|oat t|e
Lo|tec:tatesw|e:et|eycoa|cûoc¨staceots¨ o:
¨exµe:ts¨ w|oc|a|aecto|ave ce:ogato:y |oio:-
aat|ooa|oatcooc|t|oos |om|ss|ss|µµ|.
T|eûveL : keµ:eseotat|ves i:oam|ss|ss|µµ|
c|c oot |ave eooag| t|ae, aooey, o: vo|aota:y
|e|µ i:oa a||e |awye:s to aeet t|e c|a||eoge.
W|eo g|veo :!·|oa: oot|ce oi |ea:|ogs to |e
|e|c|oacozeoc|staotµ|aces, i:oa:aol:aoc|sco
to ßostoo, t|ey we:e aoa||e to atteoc o: seoc
|ega| :eµ:eseotat|ves. Heoce, test|aooyta|eowas
|ost||e to t|ea, aoc weot |oto t|e :eco:c ao-
c|a||eogec. Itwas eveo c|mca|tio:t|eato |ave
|awye:sµ:eseotata|||ea:|ogs|e|c|om|ss|ss|µµ|,
|aµoss|||e io: t|ea to aa|e aceqaate µ:eµa:a·
t|ooio:|ea:|ogs |ow||c|t|ey coa|c µa:t|c|µate
Ñeoato: ]aaes C. £ast|aoc says t|at aost oi
t|e ceµos|t|oo·ca:avao oi |awye:s w|o |ovacec
m|ss|ss|µµ| |o jaoaa:y aoc Ie|:aa:y a:e e|t|e:
coaaao|sts o: |ave :eco:cs oi assoc|at|oo w|t|
coaaao|sts, coaaao|st act|v|t|es, coaaao|s|
i:oots( 9) Note soae exaaµ|es.
mo:toost+v|soiNew+:|,New]e:sey,|e+cec
t|e ceµos|t|oo ca:avao :tav|s was |oowo to |e
a coaaao|st µa:ty aea|e: |o l º|· aoc l º!:.
l:oalº·!tol ºc:, |ewasoot|eexecat|ve|oa:c
oi t|e N+t|oo+| L+wye:s Ga||c,( 9) c|tec |y t|e
L. : Hoase Coaa|ttee oo Lo·Aae:icao Act|v|-
t|es as t|e ¨io:eaost |ega| |a|wa:| oit|e Coa·
aao|st Pa:ty ¨ ·' I:oa i º·· to i ºc!, :tav|s was
a aea|e: oi t|e o+t|ooa| coaoc|| oi t|e £ae:-
geocy C|v|| L||e:t|es Coaa|ttee, a coaaao|st
i:oot.
(
9)
£µ|:a|a C:oss oi New Yo:|, ßeojaa|o ß.
L:eyias+oc£cwa:cstemoisanI:+oc|sco,)+c|
ße:a+noiiosAoge|es+||we:ele+ce:sin the
ceµos|t|ooca:avao, a|||ave|+ccoooect|oosw|t|
Page 62

coaaao|st act|v|t|es T|esaaecao |esa|ca|oat
t|et|:eegeoe:a|atto:oeysio:t|eI:eecoaPa:ty·
W||||aaH. Kaost|e: aoc A:t|a:K|ooy oiNew
Yo:| C|ty, aoc ßeojaa|o £. :a|t| oi New C:-
leaos(9)
What To Do
1oce: Hoase :a|es, I:eecoa Pa:ty :eµ:e-
seotat|ves |ac to sa|a|t t|e|: ev|ceoce to t|e
Hoase |y Ie|:aa:y 1 3, 1965. T|e H|ss|ss|µµ|
keµ:eseotat|ves|ave!ccaysio::eµ|y.T|eI:ee-
coa Pa:ty w||| t|eo |ave teo cays to sa|a|t :e·
|atta|. Io||ow|og t|at, t|e Hoase w|| | exaa|oe
a|| ev|ceoce aoc :eac| a cec|s|oo
W|||e t|e ceµos|t|oo ca:avao was oµe:at|og,
t|e ûve L. : £eµ:eseotat|ves i:oa H|ss|ss|µµ|
cesµa:ate|yoeececvo|aotee:|e|µ|:oa a||e|aw-
ye:s T|e·aay st||| oeec |t. Lawye:sw|o woa|c
|||eto|e|
|
s|oa|cget|otoac|w|t|L. :. keµ:e-
seotat|ve T|oaas C. A|e:oet|y, Hoase Cace
ßa||c|og, Was||ogtoo, D C.
Ct|e:s coa|c |c|µ |y gett|og t||s Report |oto
t|e|aocso|asaaoyµeoµ|easµoss|||e
Ao attac| oo t|e :tate o| A|a|aaa |s a|so
aoce: way. Co )aoaa:y 1 5, 1965, t|eL. :. De·
µa:taeot o| )ast|ce i|ec sa|t aga|ost A|a|aaa,
c|a|a|og t|at t|e :tates ||te:acy test |o: vote:s
c|sc:|a|oates aga|ost oeg:oes.(19)
T||s oñc|a| act|oo |o Was||ogtoo was aµ·
µa:eot|y coo:c|oatec w|t| Ha:t|o Lat|e: K|og's
ag|tat|ooact|v|t|es|o:e|aa. A|oatt|esaaet|ae
t|esa|twasûlec|oWas||ogtoo,K|og|ac|ette:s
µ:|otec |o A|a|aaa, s|ow|og ||s acc:ess as t|e
coaotyj a|||o:e|aa. T|e|ette:swe:e catec Ie|·
:aa:yit|ecayK|og|os|stecoo|e|oga::estec
| o:e|aa io: ceûaot v|o|at|oo oi |oca| |aw.
(20)
K|og coa|c |ave |eeo :e|easec oo |ooc aoy
t|ae|eµ|easec Hec|osetostay|oj a||avecays.
He |e|c a µ:ess cooie:eoce w|eo |e |eit say|og
|e was go|og to as| P:es|ceot )o|osoo io: oew
c|v||·:|g|ts |eg|s|at|oo, esµec|a||y |ece:a| vote:·
:eg|st:at|oo |aws. P:es|ceot )o|osoo saw K|og,
aoc µ:oa|sec to saµµo:t t|e |eg|s|at|oo K|og
waots.
(21)
T|e A|a|aaa oµe:at|oo |s c|ûe:eot |:oa t|at
|o H|ss|ss|µµ|, |at t|e coaaao|st goa| |s t|e
saae.
Loose:vat|ves|oA|a|aaaaocH|ss|ss|µµ|a:e
ûg|t|ogio:t|esa:v|va|o|oa:keµa|||c.T|e:est
oi t|e coa
¯
t:yoag|t to |oow a|oat |t, aoc j o|o
t|eûg|t. Peoµ|e |oa|| :tates cao |e|µ, |y |eeµ-
|og aax|aaa µ:essa:e oo Coog:ess, oot ae:e|y
to :ej ectHa:t|oLat|e:K|ogs µ:oµosa|s |o:oew
|ece:a| vote:·:eg|st:at|oo |aws, |at to stoµ a||
|ece:a| |ote:veot|oo |ot|e |ote:oa| aua|:s o|t|e
:tates.
WH O I S D A N S M O O T ?
Born in Missouri, reared in Texas, Dan Smoot went to SMU getting BA and M degrees, 1938 and 1940. In
1941, he joined the faculty at Harvard as a Teching Fellow, doing graduate work for a doctorate in American civili­
zation. From 1942 to 1951, he was an FBI agent: three and a half years on communist investigations; two years on
FBI headquarters staf; almost four years on general FBI cases in various places. He resigned from the FBI and,
from 1951 to 1955, was commentator on national radio and television programs, giving both sides of controversial
issues. In July, 1955, he started his present proft-supported, free-enterprise business : publishing The Dan Smoot
Report, a weekly magazine available by subscription; and producing a weekly news-analysis radio and television
brodcast, available for sponsorship by reputable busines frms, as an advertising vehicle. The Report and broadct
give one side of important issues: the side that presents dLented truth using the American Constitution a a yard­
stick. If you think Smoot's materials are efective against socialism and communism, you can help immensely-help get
subcribers for the Report, commercial sponsors for the brodcast.
Page 63
FOOTNOTES
( 1 ) For detailed information on these organizations and communist
influence in the civil rights movement, see this Report, "Com­
munism In The Civil Rights Movement," June 1 , 1 964.
( 2 ) For more detailed information on the ACLU, see this Report,
"The American Civil Liberties Union," July 27, 1964.
( 3 ) For information on the Oxford, Mississippi crisis of 1962, see
this Report, "The Mississippi Tragedy," October 8, 1962, and
"The Wages of Socialism," October 1 5, 1962.
( 4) "On 2 Fronts: Militant Plan To Create Crisis In Mississippi,"
by Bob Robertson, The San Franrisw Chronire, December 7,
1963, p. 4
( 5 ) AP dispatch from Jackson, Mississippi, The Dallas Times Herald,
May 20, 1964, p. 24A
( 6) Article by M. S. Handler, The New York Times, May 2 1 , 1964,
p. 26; AP dispatch from New York, The Dallas Moring News,
May 2 1 , 1964, Sec. 1, p. 1 2
( 7) "Freedom Push in Mississippi," by James Foreman, The Los
Angeles Times, June 14, 1964, p. 3G
( 8) AP dispatch from Washington, The Mobile Register, June 27,
1964, p. 8B
(9) "Communist Forces Behind Negro Revolt In This Country,"
by U. S. Senator James O. Eastland, including information from
the House Committee on Un-American Activities, East Coast
and West Coast newspapers, Congressional Record, February 3,
1965, pp. 1908-18 ( daily)
( 10 ) Offidal Vote Tabulation, State of Mississippi, First Demorratic
Primary Returns of June 2, 1964, 4 pp.
( 1 1 ) Congressional Quaftedy JVeekly Report, January 1, 1965, pp.
4, 1 5
Subscription:
1962 Bound Volume
1963 Bound Volume
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The Invisible Goverment
Clothback
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Poketsize
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(L-P Record Album)
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(L-P Record Album)
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( 12 ) Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, January 8, 1965, pp.
30-1
( 1 3 ) "Lawyers, Mixed Group Are In Clash In City, Admit Congress­
men Met All Requirement," by William 1. Chaze, The Jarkson
Clarion-Ledger, January 30, 1965, pp. 1, 8
( 14) Laws And Committee Rules Governing Contested-Elution Cases
In The House 0/ Representatives, U. S. Government Printing
Office, 1950, 9 pp.
( 1 5 ) "Seating Challenge Weapon Is Century-Old U. S. Statute,"
The Commercial Appeal, Memphis, Tenn., February 2, 1965,
p. 9
( 16) "Moscone, Francois On Dixie Task Force," by Luther Meyer,
San Franrisw Call Bulletin, January 14, 1965, p. 1 6
( 17 ) AP article by James Aggus, Jackson Daily News, February 1 ,
1965, p. 9
( 1 8 ) Guide To Subversive Organizations And Publirations, House
Document No. 398, U. S. Government Printing Office, 1962,
p. 1 2 1
( 19) Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, February 5, 1965, pp.
1 83-209
( 20 ) Speech by U. S. Representative William 1. Dickinson ( Rep.,
Ala. ) , Congressional Rewrd, February 4, 1965, pp. 1996-7
( daily)
( 2 1 ) UPI dispatch from Washington, The New York Times, February
10, 1965, p. 18
* * * * *
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THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, BOX 9538, DALLAS, TEXAS 75214 TAYLOR 1-2303
Page 6
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1(1 Smoot lepolt
Vol. I I , No. 9 (Broadcast 497) March I, 1 965 Dallas, Texas
SOCI AL SE CU RI TY
DAN SMOOT
¡o l º:º, l:aoce acoµtec a oat|ooa| systea o| coaµa|so:ysoc|a|seca:|ty. Iolº·¯, l:aoceaccec
aec.ca:e Io iºc!, t|e I:eoc| soc|a|·seca:|:y systea was |ao|:aµt. mec|ca| exµeoses |ac ao:e
t|ao coa||ec s|oce lº·¯, aoc soc|a| seca:|:y was :·ca||||oo co||a:s |o ce|t T|e l:eoc| gov
e:oaeot |as |oaoc oo way to get t|e systea oato|ce|t|ecaaset|esoc|a|·seca:|tytax|sa|:eac·
so ||g| ( :!7- o| t|e g:oss sa|a:y o| eve:y eaµ|oyec µe:soo, t|at |t |s a caaag|og |a:ceo oo
t|e oat|ooa| ecoooay. :oc|a| seca:|ty |o l:aoce |o:t|eyea: l ºc!costl º|||||ooco||a:s. A||ot|e:
act|v|t|es o| t|e l:eoc| gove:oaeot cost l º · ||l | |ooco||a:s.(1)
Iol º··seveoyea:s|e||ocl:aocet|eLo|tec:tatesacoµtecaoat.ooa| systea o|coa¡a|so:y
soc|a| seca:|ty(
2
) Io lºc!aga|o seveo yea:s |e||oc l:aocet|e Lo|tec :tates caae ve:y c|ose
to acc|og aec|ca:e¨ It |s geoe:a||y µ:ec|ctec t|atCoog:essw|||aµµ:oveaec|ca:e|olºc· How
|a: |e||oc t|e l:eoc| a:e we |o cesceot towa:c |::eaec|a||e |oso|veocy o| t|e soc|a|·seca:|ty
systea:
£veo w|t|oat aec|ca:e, oa: soc|a| seca:|ty systea a|:eacy |s tec|o|ca||y |ao|:aµt |t µays oat
ao:e t|ao .t ta|es |o, aoc |ts s|:|o||og :ese:ve |aoccove:soo|ya|:act|ooo| |ata:eo|||gat|oos(4)
We c:ossect|e| |oe|oto|ao|:aµtcy |o lº·)w|eo soc|a|·seca:|ty |eoeats exceecec soc|a|·se·
ca:|tytaxes( 5) :|oce lº·¯, soc|a|·seca:|ty taxes |ave |oc:easec ao:e t|ao clV- ( |:oa ! ·7- o|
sa|a:|es:o ¯ :·7., , aoct|e|aseoo w||c|t|etaxesa:e|ev|ec|as|oc:easecao:et|aol l7- ( |:oa
s!:ccto s!ºcc, Nooet|e|ess, |o t|e e|g|t·yea: µe:|oc, lº·¯t|:oag| lºc! soc|a| seca:|:y µa|c
oat |oa: |||||oo. : l · a||||oo co||a:s ao:e t|ao |t co||ectec ( co||ectec ºc |||||oo, ·cº a||||oo,
µa|c oat ºc |||| |oo, ¯:· a| |||oo, T|e soc|a|·seca:|tyt:ast·|aoc:ese:vetocove:|ata:eo|||gat|oos
s|:ao| |y ao:e t|ao l ¯7- ( |:oa :: |||||oo, ·º· a||||oo |o lº·¯ , to l º |||||oo, ·c· a||||oo |o
l ºc!,Y)
Noooe|oowst|es|zeoi|ata:eo|||gat|oosaoce: soc|a| seca:|ty. T|e o|||gat|oos ceµeoc oo
sac| +oµ:ec|cta||e |acto:s as |ata:e µoµa|at|oo g:owt|, |ata:eeaµ|oyaeot|eve|s, |ata:ec|aages
THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, a magazine published every week by The Dan Smoot Report, Inc., mail­
ing address P. O. Box 9538, Lakewod Station, Dallas, Texas 75214; Telephone TAylor 1-2303 (office
address 6441 Gaston Avenue) . Subscription rates: $1 0.00 a year, $6.00 for 6 months, $18.00 for two years.
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Add 2% sales tax on all orders originating in Texas for Texas delivery.
Copyright by Dan Smoot. 1965. Second class mail privilege authorized at Dallas, Texas.
No Reproductions Permitted.
Pag 65
t|at Coog:ess aay aa|e |o soc|a|·seca:|ty |aws
Ca|�a�at|oos |asec oo µ:eseot |aw aoc µ:eseot
stat|st:cs:evea| ao |aµeoc|og s|taat|oo |a:wo:se
t|ao t|e cooc|t|oo oow ex|st|og |o l:aoce.
At t|e eoc o| l º´!, l º,¯ºº, · ·º µe:soos we:e
c:aw|og soc|a|·seca:|ty |eoeats,(6) w||c| tota|ec
I ? |||||oo,º·a||||ooco||a:sayea:.( 5) T|eave:age
|| |eexµectaocy:eaa|o|og|o:t|ese µ:eseotsoc|a|-
seca:|ty|eoeac|a:|es|sat|eastlcyea:sT|e:e|o:e,
soc|a| seca:|ty w||| oeec at |east l · c|||||oo, º·c
a||||oo co||a:s to aeet |ata:e o|||gat|oos to t|e
lº,:ºº, · ·ºµe:soosa|:eacyc:aw|og|eoeats.T|e:e
a:e oo|y l º |||||oo, ·c· a||||oo co||a:s |c t|e
soc|a| seca:|tyt:ast |aoc ' Heoce, soc|a| seca:|ty
owespresent |eoeac|a:|es 1 32 |||||oo,!!· a||||oo
co||a:s more t|ao |s |o t|e soc|a| seca:|ty t:ast
|aoc.
T|atstagge:|og ceac|t|soo|ya |:act|ooo|t|e
w|o|e. At t|e eoc o| l º´!, ´:, l cc,ccc µe:soos
we:e ¡ay|og soc|a|·seca:|ty taxes. exµect|og to
c:aw |eoeats |o t|e |ata:e. '· Co ao ave:age,
soc|a| seca:|ty µays oat at |east sl l ,ccc more oo
eac| accoaott|ao |t ta|es |o.(8) T|e:e|o:e, soc|a|
seca:|ty' s |ata:e o|||gat|oos to µe:soos µ:eseot|y
µay|og soc|a|·seca:|ty taxes w||| |e, at t|e ve:y
|east, ´º· |||||oo, l cc a||||oo co||a:s more t|ao
soc|a| seca:|ty |s saµµosec to co||ect |:oa t|ea
aoc t|e|: eaµ|oye:s.
T|as |eav|og t|e soc|a|·seca:|ty systeaas |t|s,
w|t|oat acc|og aec|ca:e o: ot|e:w|se |oc:eas|og
cove:ageaoc|eoeats, µ:eseotaoccoot|ogeot ||a·
||||t|es o| t|e soc|a|·seca:|ty systea tota| ºl ·
|||||oo, ·!· a||||oo co||a:s more t|ao t|e tota|
o| w|at t|e systea oow |as aoc o| w|at |t |s
saµµosectoco||ect|:oaaoc|o:a||µe:soos oow
µay|og soc|a|·seca:|ty taxes. Io s|o:t, t|e soc|a|·
seca:|tysystea|asa|:eacyaace|oog·:aogecoa·
a|taeots tw|ce t|e va|ae o| a|| µ:oµe:ty ( µa|||c
aocµ:|vate) |ot|eLo|tec:tates.
¡o lº·¯, w|eo t|e µa|||c a:st |ecaae c|a|y
awa:et|atsoc|a|seca:|tywas|ao|:aµt,t|e:ewas
a :as| o| µ:oµagaoca |o saµµo:t o| t|e soc|a|·
seca:|ty systea. A ¨soc|a| seca:|ty¨ co|aao |e·
caae a :ega|a: |eata:e |o aet:oµo||tao oews·
µaµe:s t|:oag|oat t|e |aoc. Io Aµ:||, lº·¯,
a||||oos saw £cc|e Caoto: oote|ev|s|oo µ:oac|y
acceµt ||s a:stsoc|a|·seca:|ty c|ec|.
Io]aoe, lº·¯, as:cc soc|a|·seca:|tyc|ec|was
ce:eaoo|oas|y µ:eseotec to a w|cow |o mao|at·
tao :|ewast|eteo·a||||oot| µe:soo to |ecoae
a|eoeac|a:yT|e||g|||g|to|t||s|ote:oat|ooa||y·
µa|||c|zecaua|:wast|eµ:eseotat|ooo|aµe:sooa|
|ette: |:oa P:es|ceot Dw|g|t D. £|seo|owe: to
t|e w|cow say|og
"As the ten-millionth person receiving social
security payments, you represent a signifcant ad­
vance in the history of our nation, whose prime
concern is the welfare of its people.
"But this money is not charity.
"In his daily work, out of his regular wages,
your husband earned the monthly checks which
will be coming to you now while your children
are growing to maturity.
"You can accept them proudly."(9)
T|e:e, |o P:es|ceot £|seo|owe: s |ette:, | st|e
t|eae o| aost soc|a|·seca:|ty µ:oµagaoca w||c|
|asc:eoc|ect|eoat|oos|ocel º· ¯ . Social security
is not mortgaging the future of America; money
which benefciaries draw from the social-security
fund is money which they put into it; social secu­
rity is a sound} self-supporting operation which the
nation should be proud of.
:oaet|aes, soc|a|·seca:|ty eot|as|asts say ao:e,
aµµa:eot|y, t|ao t|ey |oteoc. Co le|:aa:y l ,
l º´·, t|e Progress-Bulletin} Poaooa, Ca|||o:o|a,
µa|||s|ec a co|aao eot|t|ec ¨:: G|ves ket|:ees
Ia||mooey sWort|, ¨w:|tteo|yma:t|oE. :ega|,
P:es|ceoto|ket|:eaeotAcv|so:s, Ioc. m:. :ega|
sa|c|egot||sstat|st|ca||o|o:aat|oo|:oako|e:t
mye:s, c||e| actaa:y o| t|e :oc|a| :eca:|ty Ac·
a|o|st:at|eo I:oa m:. :ega| s ce|aao.
"How would you like to get $1 3,422 return on
an investment of $2580?
"That's what an average man, who retired in
1 960 after having paid maximum Social Security
taxes since 1 937, will get under the present law.
"This average 1 960 retiree paid $1 290 in Social
Security contributions. His employers' contribu­
tions on his account were the same amount. Ac­
cumulated interest ( at 3 percent) on the em­
ployee's share added $374. Total $2954.
"But this average man and his wife would re-
Page 66
ceive about $1 3,422 in total benefts - about
$1 l , 000 more than was paid in for him."( l
o
)
Hav|og j ast|ûec t|e t|t|e o| ||s co|aao |y
s|ow|og t|at soc|a| seca:|ty g|ves eac| µ:eseot
:et|:eesi i,cccmore t|ao||s aooeyswo:t|,m:
:ega| exµ|a|os t|at t||s |oaoty |s g:aotec att|e
exµeoseo||ata:ewo:|e:s w|ow|||get less t|ao
t|e|: aooey swo:t|
"But this average man and his wife would re­
ceive . . . about $ l l , OOO more than was paid in
for him.
"How is this possible? Well, this average man's
son and grandson are working now. They are
paying Social Security taxes, and their employers
are paying equal amounts. Some of these contri­
butions go to make up the defcit in the 1 960 re­
tiree's account . . . .
"So, by the third generation of Social Security
retirees ( those young men starting their work
careers about now) , total contributions and in­
terest will be more than total benefts. That ex­
cess is being drawn of now to meet the cost of
benefts for current retirees whose total taxes do
not cover their total benefts."
( l n)
Yet, m: :ega| scoûs att|e ¨o|t·:eµeatec state·
aeot t|at :oc|a| :eca:|ty¨ |s ¨ao:tgag|og Aae:
|cas |ata:e ¨ He qaotes ko|e:t mye:s, c||e|
actaa:y o| t|e :oc|a| :eca:|ty Aca|o|st:at|oo, as
say|og ¨t|e µ:|oc|µ|e|o||owec|y :oc|a| :eca:|ty
|sexact|yt|esaaeast|at|o||owec|yaostµ:|vate
µeos|oo µ|aos.¨
Aoy µ:|vate·µeos|oo µ|ao oµe:at|og |||e t|e
soc|a|·seca:|ty systea woa|c |e .oso|veot v.t||o
aoot|s a|te: t|e û:st µeos|ooe:s |egao c:aw|og
|eoeûts aoc aca|o|st:ato:so|t|e µ|aowoa|c |e
(o: s|oa|c |e, µ:osecatec |o: |:aacaoc seot to
µnsoo
As ootec att|e oatseto|t||sReport, I:aoce
(sµeoc|og lº |||||oo co||a:s a yea: oo soc|�|
seca:|ty, l º · |||||oo oo a|| ot|e: act|v|t|es, |as
a|:eacy:eac|ect|eµo|otv|e:egove:oaeotaas:
sooo|:ea||ts we||a:e µ:oa|ses tot|e µeoµ|e, o:
go cowo | o :a|o T|e Lo.tec states | s :aµ|c|y
approaching that condition. The fact is not yet
coosµ|caoas |e:e, |ecaase, |o: ooe t||og, oa:
Page 67
we||a:e·state oµe:at|oos |ovo|ve c|ûe:eot µ:o·
g:aas, soc|a| seca:|ty |e|og oo|y ooe o| aaoy.
Cac|a|s est|aate t|at soc|a| seca:|ty w||| µay
oat l :|||||oo, l l · a||||ooco||a:sto|eoeûc|a:|es
|o í º´· ( l c a||| |oo co||a:s ao:e t|ao est|aatec
|ocoae, T|at exµeoc|ta:e |o: soc|a|·seca:|ty
|eoeûtsw||||e |ess t|ao |a| | o|t|e |ece:a| gov-
e:oaeots tota| sµeoc|og |o t|e geoe:a| ûe|c o|
ve||a:e Note t||sµassage |:oa t|e Ie|:aa:y º,
l º´·, |ssae o| U. S. News & World Report :
"Welfare State? In terms of actual cash paid
out . . . the President's budget for the year to
start July 1 will exceed by 6 billion dollars the
total of the present year. It will be 1 27. 4 bil­
lions . . . .
"Spending by the Federal Government for wel­
fare, health, education and veterans' benefts ­
largely a form of welfare - will approach 42
billion Qollars . . . . Five years ago, the same
costs were less than 26 billion.
"These fgures are a measure of the progress
being made toward a welfare state in America.
Totals would be increased substantially if spend­
ing by State and local governments were added.
"All of this, too, is before any beneft payments
under a projected plan of hospital care for re­
tired persons.
"In countries abroad, health insurance of one
kind or another, once started, has tended to be­
come the most costly of all forms of welfare."( l l )
Wea:eµ|aog|ogtova:c t|ese||·cest:act|oo
µ:ec|ctec ao:e t|ao i . · yea:s ago |y A|ex|s ce
Tocqueville ( French scholar and ||sto:.ao, , w|o
aace a toa: to stacy t|e g:eat Aae:|cao exµe:|·
aeot |o |:eecoa Iasc|oatec v|t| w|at |e saw,
ceToqaev|||eµ:ec|ctec t|att|ev|go:oasAae:|-
caokeµa|||:w|oseµeoµ|e|ac:eaa:|a||e|ceas
a|oat |:eecoa aoc |oceµeoceoce, woa|c oeve:
eocoaote::ea| caoge: |:oa |o:e|go eoea|es|at
t|at |t woa|c a|t|aate|y cest:oy |tse|| H|s µ:e-
c|ct|oovasg:oaocec|oa|oow|ecgeo|||sto:y.
( 12)
W|eo eaµe:o:s o| aoc|eot koae c|scove:ec
t|at t|ey coa|c w|o µoµa|a: saµµo:t |y as|og
µa|||c |aocs to |ay |ooc, eote:ta|oaeot, aoc
µeos|oos |o: t|e µeoµ|e, caoc|cates |o: t|e omce
of emperor vied with each other to see who could
µ:oa|seaost.
(13)
Ho:e t|ao ooe koaao eaµe:o: was ¨e|ectec¨
|y t|e koaao |eg|oos, |ac|ec |y |c|e ao|s |o
koae. st:|ct|y oo t|e |as|s o| |av|og µ:oa|sec
|a:ge cas| |aocoats |:oa t|e µa|||c t:easa:y.( 13)
Peoµ|e w|o ceaaocec |aocoats |:oa µa|||c
|aocswe:e, |o:t|eaostµa:t,t|osew|oc|coot
wo:| aoc w|o, cooseqaeot|y,oeve: µa|c aac|,
o: aoy, tax |oto t|e µa|||c |aocs.(13)
£ve:y ceaaoc w||c| t|e ao|, t|ea:a|es, aoc
t|evete:aosaaceaµoot|eµa|||ct:easa:yµ|acec
|eav|e: |a:ceos aµoo |ocast:|oas, µ:ocact|ve
aea|e:s o| soc|ety T||s c|scoa:agec t|:||t aoc
|ocast:y Wo:|e:s we:e taxec so |eav||y to saµ·
µo:tooo·wo:|e:st|ataaoywo:|e:sqa|t. |ecaase
t|eycoa|c|a:e|ette:oot|eµa|||cco|et|aoooa
j o|. T|e oaa|e: o| tax·coosaae:s g:ew, w|||e
t|eoaa|e:o|taxµaye:ss|:ao|(13)
T|e|ote:oat|ooa|µ:og:aa o|koaao:a|e:sac·
ce|e:atec t|e c:||t towa:c :a|o.(
1
3)
koaao eaµe:o:s, a|aocoo|og t|e oot|oo t|at
gove:oaeot |o koae |ac ao exc|as|ve :esµoos|-
||||ty to t|e µeoµ|e o| koae, |ecaae wo:|c
|eace:s. T|ey sacc|ec aµoo koaao c|t|zeos t|e
tas|o|saµµo:t|ogt|e|:|eace:s||µo|t|ec|v|||zec
wo:| c'· ( tocay we ca|| |t t|e ¨|:ee wo:|c¨
)
.
T|e eaµe:o:s sqaaoce:ec t|e :esoa:ces o|
koae,g|v|oga|||ta:yeqa|µaeot,go|c,aocot|e:
goocs (tocay we ca|| |t ecoooa|c aoc a|||ta:y
a|c
)
to :a|e:s o| coaot:|es oo t|e oate: |:|oges
o|t|e eaµ|:e T|eµa:µose was to|eeµ |o:e|go
:a|e:s |:|eoc|y so t|atkoae woa|c |ave staaoc|
a|||es aga|ost |e: eoea|es.( 13)
Io t|e eoc, |o:e|goaoccoaest|c ceaaocs |o:
|aocoatsso|a:exceececw|atµ:ocact|vekoaao
c|t|zeos coa|c µay |otaxes t|at koae was |ao|-
:aµt.(13)
W|eo t|e |a:|a:|aos aovec |o to sac| aoc
µ|||age, koaaos |ac oe|t|e: w||| oo: st:eogt| to
:es|st.( 13)
W|ata|oatt|ea|||esw|o|ac|eeosa|s|c|zec
|o:t|esµec|ûcµa:µoseo||e|µ|ogce|eockoae:
T|ey j o|oec koaes eoea|es, aoc |oag|t |o: a
s|a:e oi :|e |oo:ioag|: ¾it| weapons which
koae|acg|veot|ea(13)
T|at eocec t|e |ote:oat|ooa| we||a:e state o|
aoc|eot koae(13)
T|e eoc |o: koae |ac |eeo a |oog t|ae |o
coa|og How |a:|:oa t|e eoc|s Aae:|ca : No
ooe cao te||, |at eve:yooe w|o |as stac|ec t|e
|acts |oows we a:e oo t|e way.
What' s In A Promise?
\ |eo a we||a:e·stateaeasa:e|||esoc|a| se·
ca:|ty |s acoµtec |o a wea|t|y oat|oo sac| as
Aae:|ca, |ts a:st oot|cea||e euects a:e att:act|ve,
|at t|e :o||s o| t|ose w|o :ece|ve coot|oae to
g:ow Loa||eto µ:ocacet|ewea|t||t|asµ:oa-
|sectoc|st:||ate,gove:oaeotcooûscatesaoc|o:·
:ows |:oa t|e µeoµ|e, to µay |ac| w|at |as a|-
:eacy|eeocooûscatec aoc |o::owec |:oat|ea.
T|e ev|| |eecs oo |tse||. T||:ty yea:s ago, | |
gove:oaeot |ac g|veo aoe|ce:|y coaµ|e sl cc a
aoot|, t|ey coa|c |ave aaoagec to get |y, |at
w|eogove:oaeot, |o o:ce: to µay t|esl cc, |o:-
:ows, o: wate:s |ts owo ca::eocy (o: |oc:eases
taxes, w||c| a:e a|ways µa|c |ocoosaae: costs
)
,
t|e µa:c|as|og µowe: o| t|e sl cc c|a|o|s|es
Tocay, a coaµ|e a:e |aµove:|s|ec (acco:c|og to
oac|a| ce||o|t|oos , ||t|eycooot:ece|veat|east
s:·c a aoot|. I| gove:oaeot |o::ows o: taxes
eooag|toµ:ov|ces:·caaoot|,t|es:·cw|| | oot
|e aceqaate
W|eoyoata:otogove:oaeot |o:yoa: soc|a|·
seca:|ty|eoeats, gove:oaeotomc|a|s, ||µe:|ect|y
caoc|c, w||| |ave to say
"Mr. Citizen, years ago when you started to
work, we began confscating money from your
paycheck, promising to pay you benefts later on.
Unfortunately, we have spent that money, and
have not one penny left. If we are to keep our
promise, you and all other taxpayers in the na­
tion must now give us more money."
T|at |s |ow soc|a| seca:|ty oµe:ates.
T|eaooeyta|eo |:oayoaaocyoa: eaµ|oye:
for social security goes into a trust fund
,
but the
gove:oaeot |o::ows t|eaooey |aaec|ately aoc
Page 68
sµeocs|tas iastas|tcoaes |o. Heoce, t|esoc|a|·
seca:|ty t:ast iaoc |s a |oo||eeµ|og :eco:c oi
w|atgove:oaeot|asco||ectecio:soc|a|seca:|ty,
|at|asa|:eacysµeot,|a:ge|yio:ot|e:µa:µoses·'
T|as, soc|a|·seca:|ty |eoeûts a:eµa|c, ootoat
oi a :ese:ve iaoc, |at oat oi t|e geoe:a| iaoc.
w||c| |s µ:ov|cec |y ca::eot taxat|oo aoc |o:·
:ow|og. £veotaa||y, |oev|ta||y, ceaaocs io: so·
c|a|·seca:|tyµayaeotsv||||eg:eate:t|aot|egov·
e:oaeotcao aeet Att|at µo|ot, t|esysteaw|||
co||aµse
He:e, we coae to a g:|a t:at| a|oat soc|a|
seca:|ty t|e |aw (w||c| coaµe|s aost oi t|e
¡eoµ|e to coot:||ate aooey, aoc to |a||c t|e|:
iata:e µ|aos a:oaoc t|e coaµa|so:y gove:oaeot
µ:og:aa, coota|osoo gaa:aotee t|atgove:oaeot
w||| µayt|e |eoeûts |t µ:oa|ses Coog:ess could
:eµea| t|e soc|a|·seca:|ty |aw, w|t|oat eveo :e·
qa|:|ogt|eiece:a|gove:oaeottoµay|ac|aooey
a|:eacy ta|eo away i:oa wo:|e:s io: soc|a| se·
ca:|ty.
Itaayseeaao|||e|y t|at Coog:ess woa|c eve:
ceiaa|t oo |ts soc|a|·seca:|ty µ:oa|ses to t|e
µeoµ|e,|atCoog:ess|asa|:eacyceiae|tecseve:a|
t|aes.
Ioaoste|ect|ooyea:ss|ocesoc|a|seca:|tyweot
|otoeûect, Coog:ess |asexµaocect|ecove:age-
|y :a|s|og aaoaots µ:oa|sec to |eoeûc|a:|es, |y
|owe:|ogt|eqaa||iy|ogage·||a|t, o: |y|:|og|og
oew g:oaµs |oto t|e systea.··' Po||t|ca| µ:oµa·
gaoca a'oat ta||og |ette: ca:e oi ao:e µeoµ|e
o|sca:esot|e:coos|ce:at|oos|ovo|vec|oe|ect|oo·
yea: exµaos|oos oi soc|a| seca:|ty
lo: ooe t||og, exteoc|og soc|a|·seca:|ty cov·
e:age to oew g:oaµs |e|µs to ||ce, teaµo:a:||y,
t|e systea s |oso|veocy. t|e oew taxµaye:s aast
coot:||ateav|||e|eio:eaoya:ee||g|||eio:|eoe·
i|ts mo:eove:, eac| exµaos|oo :eqa|:es, eveo-
taa||y, ao |oc:ease |o soc|a|·seca:|ty taxes £ac|
t|ae Coog:ess |oc:eases soc|a|·seca:|ty taxes, |t
ceiaa|ts oo |ts µ:oa|se to a|| µe:soos a|:eacy
µay|og t|e taxes . a µ:oa|se t|at t|ey v||| |e
:eqa|:ec to µaya ûxec aaoaot, aocooao:e.
T|esoc|a|·seca:|ty|awoil º··ûxect|eµay:o||
tax at :¯ oi sa|a:|es aµ to s·ccc cct|e ea·
µ|oyeeto µay l7-, t|eeaµ|oye:to µay l7- T|e
systea veot |oto oµe:at|oo )aoaa:y l , l º·: lo
l º·º,Coog:essaaeocect|e|aw,sett|ogt|e¨a|t|·
aate :ate¨ oi tax at ·7-. Io l º!:, Coog:ess
aaeocec t|e |aw, µ:ov|c|og t|at t|e ¨a|t|aate
:ate¨ coa|c:|seto!¯|ylº·:. lo lº·c, Coog:ess
aaeocec t|e|aw,:eta|o|ogt|e¨a|t|aate:ate¨ oi
!¯,|at:a|s|ogt|esa|a:y||a|t,oov||c|t|etax
coa|c |e |ev|ec, i:oa s·ccc to s·´cc. Io lº·!,
Coog:essaaeocect|e|aw,:a|s|ogt|esa|a:y·||a|t
tax |ase to s!:cc. ßy :ev|s|oos oi l º·´, lº·º,
aoc lº´í Coog:ess |as :a|sec t|e tax |ase to
s!ºcc.cc, aoc |oc:easec t|e tax to t|e µ:eseot
:. :·7-, aat|o:|z|og|oc:easetoao ¨a|t|aate:ate¨
oiº. : ·¯|o lº´º. ·'·
Io l º´! t|e Hoase oi keµ:eseotat|ves (|y a
vote oi ·ºº to º) ¡asseca |||||oc:eas|ogsoc|a|·
seca:|tytaxestoao¨a|t|aate:ate¨oiº ´7-. T|e
:eoate µassec t|e saae ||||, |at accec aec|ca:e
µ:ov|s|oos aoc aat|o:|zec |oc:ease |o soc|a|·se·
ca:|tytaxestoao¨a|t|aate:ate¨oil c.!V- ( 5) T|e
Hoasewoa|cootag:eetot|eaec|ca:eµ:ov|s|oos.
Heoce, oo soc|a|·seca:|ty exµaos|oo was aace |o
t|el º´!e|ect|ooyea:.( 3)
Acc|t|oooiaec|ca:e, aoc ot|e:exµaos|oosot
soc|a|·seca:|ty cove:age, we:e aaoog P:es|ceot
jo|osoo s aaj o: µo||t|ca| µ:oa|ses |o l º´!. Co
t|e oµeo|og cay oit|eoew Coog:ess, )aoaa:y !,
lº´·, t|e P:es|ceotsa| c.
"Let a just nation throw open . . . the city of
promise: to the elderly, by providing hospital care
under Social Security and by raising beneft pay­
ments to those struggling to maintain the dignity
of their later years
. . . . ¯l16)
Co t|at saae cay, U. :. keµ:eseotat|ve Cec||
kK|og ( Ca||io:o|aDeaoc:at,,|ot:ocacecHk1
|o t|e Hoase, L. : :eoato: C||otoo P. Aoce:soo
( New mex|co Deaoc:at , |ot:ocacec : l |ot|e
:eoate. K|og aoc Aoce:soo we:e saµµo:tec |y
oaae:oas keµ:eseotat|ves aoc :eoato:s, :eµ:e·
seot|og |ot| µo||t|ca| µa:t|es aoc aost oi t|e
:tates.( 17) Hk l aoc : l a:e µ:act|ca||y |ceot|ca|
w|t|t|esoc|a|·seca:|tyaaeocaeots||||aµµ:ovec
by the Senate in 1964: extending compulsory cov­
e:age to se|i·eaµ|oyec aec|ca| cocto:s aoc |o·
Page 69
te:os ,aa||ogsoc|a|·seca:|t·cove:ageava||a||eto
µo||ce aoc i|:eaeo, |oc:eas|og geoe:a| soc|a|·se
ca:|t· |eoeats |· ·7-, aoc aat|o:|z|og a oew
¨a|t|aate :ate¨ oi lc!7- io: soc|a|·seca:|t·
:axes
(
1
8
)
£aµ|o·eesaoceaµ|o·e:scove:ec|·t|esoc|a|·
seca:|t·actoilº··we:eµ:oa|sect|att|e|:coa·
||oec soc|a|·seca:|t· tax woa|c |e .¯ Io lº·º,
:|e· ve:eµ:oa|sec t|att|etaxwoa|coeve: :|se
a|ove ·7- Ia lº!:, t|e· ve:eµ:oa|sect|att|e
tax ·oa|c oeve: :|se a|ove !7- Io lº·´, t|e·
we:eµ:oa|secatax·:ateoi!.
´
, |olº·º, atax·
:ate ce|||og oi ´7-, |o lº´i , a tax·:a:e ce|||og oi
º :·7-

Ii Hk l aoc · l µass |o lº´· (as |s geoe:a||·
µ:ec|c:ec, , Coog:ess v||| ooce aga|o |:ea| |:s
µ:oa|seto t|e µeoµ|e |· |oc:eas|og soc|a|·se·
ca:|t· :axes
T|eaosti|ag:aotceiaa|t oogove:oaeot sso·
c|a|·seca:|t· µ:oa|ses :o t|e µeoµ|e occa::ec |o
lº·º No:e:|eio||ov|ogµa:ag:aµ|i:oaaµaa·
µ||ete::|:|ecSocial . . . But Is It Security?, w:|t·
teo |· D|||a:c ·:o|es, µa|||s|ec |o lº´l |·
Aae:|caslata:e

·''
"The Act of 1 935 guaranteed every person
brought under social security at least his money
back. If he died without drawing its annuities,
it would go to his estate. Under this law refunds
were made to 1 78, 583 persons and 31 8,665 estates.
There were some 33,000,000 others to whom the
same guarantee applied. The Congress took i t
away from them in 1 939, and in the 15 years that
followed, 6,400,000 died without getting either
pensions or refunds."
The Pol itical Untouchabl e
H· astoo|s||og aa:g|os, L ·. ·eoato:s aoc
keµ:eseotat|ves a|wa·s aµµ:ove e|ect|oo··ea: ex·
µaos|ooaocexteos|oooisoc|a|seca:|t·Yet,aost
aea|e:soiCoog:essaast|eawa:e:|att|eµ:o·
g:aa ·||| eveo:aa||· |:|og c|sas:e: :o oa: ke·
µa|||c.
ioVa:c| lº·: Iwas|o\\as||ogtoo, v|s|t|og
w|t|aL:. keµ:eseota:|vei:oaasoat|e:ostate
I as|ec ||a a|oat t|e soc|a|·seca:|t· µ:og:aa.
¨C|, ¨|esa|c, ¨|t sj asta qaes:|oo oit|ae . .
|eio:et|ew|o|et||og||owsaµ|ooa:iace T|e
soc|a|·seca:|:·s·stea |s a|:eac· |ao|:aµt.¨
¨L|te:a||· |ao|:aµt :¨ I as|ec
¨Yes, ||te:a||·,¨ |e sa| c ¨T|ew|o|e |cea was
|ao|:aµt i:oa t|e |eg|oo|og ßat aµ aot|| . .
.:eceo:|·I , soc|a| seca:|t· vas at |eas: ta||og |o
ao:eaooe·eve:· ·ea: t|ao |twas µa·|og oat-
|ecaase t|e:e we:e l c o: l · :|aes ao:e µeoµ|e
µa·|og t|ao :ece|v|og.
¨ßa: ' oow] . soc|a| seca:|t· ' |as]
c:ossect|e||oe|o:oactaa||ao|:aµtc·aoc ¯ |as]
sta::ec :aoo.og a ceic|t
¨T||s |s se:|oas,¨ I sa|c ¨Ii t|e t||og |s |o
t|ats|aµeoow, |tw||||e|o::|||e l · o: :c·ea:s
i:oa ooww|eo aoot|e: ·c o: !c a||||oo µeoµ|e
a:e accec to t|e |eoeac|a:· :o||s ¨
¨Yoa:e :|g|:,¨ |e sa|c ¨It coa|c w:ec| oa:
eot|:e ecoooa· ¨
¨We||, v|· a:eot soae oi ·oa | o Coog:ess
t:·|og to cosoaet||og a|oat |t :¨ I as|ec ¨Yoa
oeve: see a wo:c |o :|e µaµe:s a|oa: a|| :||s.
A|oa: a|| ·oa eve: see a:e stateaeots i:oa :|e
aca|o|s::at|ooa|oat|ovwooce:ia|soc|a|seca:·
|:· |s , stateaeots i:oa t|e µo||t|ca|·µa::· |eace:s
::·|og to g|ve :|e|: ovo µa:t|es a|| t|e 'c:ec|t
io: soc|a| seca:|t·, stateaeots i:oa Coog:essaeo
aoc ·eoa:o:s µe:µe:aa||· vao:|og as :o exµaoc
soc|a| seca:|:· W|· coo: soae oi ·oa te|| :|e
µeoµ|e t|e t:at| a|oat :||s t||og:¨
¨Loo|, Dao,¨ |e sa|c, ¨ao· µo||t|c|ao w|o
aa|es ao a||·oat c:asace aga|os: soc|a| seca:|:·,
w||| |e oo ||s |as: c:asace He woa|c sac:|ice
eve:·t||ogaocga|ooot||og. Ta|eae. Iai:oa
a coose:va:|ve c|s::|c: T|e µeoµ|e wao: ae aµ
|e:e to ag|: c|v|| :|g|:s aoc ot|e: µo||ce·sta:e
|eg|s|at|ooßat|iIaaceooest:oogsµeec|aga|ost
soc|a|seca:|:·, I coeve:|e:e·e|ectec A||t|eo|c
io||s w|o a:e a|:eac· get:|og |: woa|c |e aac.
T|e a|cc|e·agec µeoµ|e w|o exµec: to get |t
sooo woa|c |e aac Aoc t|e ·oaog io||s w|o
cootwaotto sa¡¡o:t t|e|: ag|og ¡a:eots woa|c
|e aac. Coe|ooest sµeec| a|oat soc|a| seca:|:y
Page 70
woa|ca+|e+gooc a+j o:|tyo| t|evote:s :oay
c|st:|ct a+c +t ae ¨
¨l| t|e soc|+| seca:|ty +ca|o|st:+t|oo . . . ¯ |s
:aoo|og] +o +cta+| ceac|t . . . |ow coes |tcove:
a¡sot|+tt|e¡eo¡|ewoot|oow:¨I +s|ec.
¨C|, ¨ |e s+|c, ¨t|ey s||¡ ove: to +o execat|ve
sess|oo o| t|e +¡¡:o¡:|+t|oos coaa|ttee w|t| +
|aoc|o|aga:es +oc soaecoa||e·t+||+|oat|ow
t|e:ewe:e soae e::o:s |o coa¡at+t|oo w|eo t|e
|+st +aeocaeots we:e ¡+ssec T|ey:e j ast tea·
¡o:+:||y:aoo|og + ceac|t T|e w|o|e t||og w|||
|e +cj astec w|eo t|e oext soc|+|·seca:|ty +aeoJ·
aeots+:e+co¡tec
¨ßat|ot|eae+ot|ae,t|eyoeec+| |tt|esa¡¡|e·
aeot+| +¡¡:o¡:|+t|oo oat o| geoe:+| :eveoaes
Aoc, o| coa:se, t|e geot|eaeo o| t|e Coog:ess
|oow t|+t t||s |s t|e so:t o| t||og t|.t aast oot
|eg|veo+oy¡a|||c|ty, |ec+ase t|e ¡+¡e:s woa|c
c|sto:t|t £xt:ea|stswoa|cc:+wseos+t|oo+|coo-
c|as|oos. It woa|c |e cee¡|y c|sta:||og to t|e
¡eo¡|e+oc a|g|teveoa¡set oa: ce||c+te|y·|+|·
+ocececoooay T|ew|o|et||og |s+ |:+ac, +oc
eve:y|ocy |+s ||s owo :e+soos |o: |e|og +|:+|c
toex¡ose|t. We:ej astw+|t|og+oc c:||t|og ¨
¨Yes, ¨ I s+|c. ¨Aoc w|+tw|||yoa co w|eo I
qaote yoa :¨
¨Iw|||,¨|es+|cve:ye+:oest|y,¨c+||yoa+||+:.¨
:|oceIoeve:|+ve|ceot|aect|eke¡:eseot+t|ve,
|oqaot|og w|+t|e s+|c +|oat soc|+| seca:|ty, |e
|+s|+coo occ+s|ootoc+||ae+ ||+:m+oyot|e:
¡:oa|oeo�oac|+|s|+vec+||ecae+||+:,|oweve:,
|ec+ase o| w|+t I |+ve w:|tteo +|oat soc|+| se·
ca:|ty.
ßato+aec+|||ogc+ooot |o:eve: ||cet|e |+cts.
T|e |ece:+| gove:oaeotswe||+:e·st+te ¡:og:+as
( o|w||c| soc|+| seca:|ty|st|e|+:gest , +:ec:+g·
g|og oa: ke¡a|||c to atte: :a|o
What To Do
foog:esssa¡¡o:tssoc|+|seca:|ty,|ec+ase|t| s
regarded as a political untouchable; b1::|epeople
could co soae:||og. T|e û:st t||og |s to sto¡
Coog:ess|:oaeo+ct|ogH l +oc: l t||sye+:-
sto¡ |t |:oa eo+ct|og +oy soc|+|·seca:|ty +aeoc·
aeots, w|t| o: w|t|oat aec|c+:e.
£ve:y¡e:soow|o:e+cst||sReport coa|c|e|¡
|aaeose|y |y seoc|og ext:+ co¡|es to ot|e:s
|e|¡|ogto |o|o:a+oc +:oase+a+x|aaaoaa|e:
o| Aae:|c+os. W|eo enough ¡eo¡|e w:|te t|e|:
ke¡:eseot+t|ves +oc :eo+to:s, cea+oc|og defeat
of the King-Anderson bills to expand social secur­
ity and add medicare, Coog:ess w|| | ||steo.
FOOTNOTES
( 1 ) "French Social Security on Verge of Bankruptcy," by Don
Shannon, The Los AlIgeles Times, September 9, 1964, Part
1, p. 5; "Worldgram," U. S. News & 110"/d Repofi, September
28, 1964, p. 95
( 2 ) Social Security ill the United States, Social Security Administra­
tion, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, 1 957,
60 pp.
( 3 ) "What Congress Did Not Do, " Cong,'essional Quarterly Weekly
Report, October 9, 1964, pp. 2382-3
(4) "Back of the Questions About Social Security," and "An
Official Interview: How Safe Is Your Social Security Pension?" ,
U. S. News & World Report, December 7, 1964, pp. 54-63
( 5 ) Actuarial Cost Estimates Fo,' The Old-Age, SUI'vivo,'s, and
Disability Insurance System As Modified By H. R. 1 1 865, As
Passed By The House Of Rep" esentatives Ald As According To
The Action Of The Senate, Committee on Ways and Means of
the House of Representatives, September 10, 1964, 32 pp.
(6) Data obtained by telephone from Dallas Regional Office of the
Social Security Administration.
( 7) In a telephone interview, the Dallas regional director of social
security said there are no available statistics on the exact number
of persons paying social security taxes. He said his best estimate
is that 90% of all workers in the United States are covered.
Total employment in the United States at the end of 1964 was
approximately 69,000,000. Ninety percent of that figure i s
62, 100, 000.
( 8) "SS Gives Retirees Full Money's Worth," by Martin E. Segal,
Pt-ogress Bulletin, Pomona, Calif., February 1, 1965, Sec. 2,
p. 8
( 9) The New York Times, June 7, 1957, p. 1
( 10) The eleven-thousand-dollar-profit figure for each social-security
taxpayer, mentioned in Mr. Segars column, is the one I used
to compute social security's future liability of 683 bi l l ion, 100
million dollars to the 62, 100,000 million persons now paying
social securiÌy taxes. I multiplied $ 1 1 ,000 ( the amount social
security loses on each account) by 62, 100,000 ( the number of
accounts presently existing) .
( l l ) "The Story of 127 Bill ion Dollars," U. S . News & World
Report, February 8, 1965, pp. 29- 31
( 1 2 ) The Recollections of Alexis de Tocqueville, edited by J. P.
Mayer, Columbia University Press, 1949, 332 pp.
( 1 3 ) For details on Rome, see any of the various editions of The
Hist01'y of the Dec/ine and Fall of the Roman EmpIre, by Edward
Gibbon, originally published in 5 volumes from 1776 to 1788.
( 14) "$22 Billion Trust Fund 'Shrinkage' ," Los Angeles Herald­
Examiner, November 30, 1964, p. 3A
( 1 5 ) Cong"essional Quarterly Almanac for 1961, p. 258
( 1 6) "Text of President Johnson's State of the Union Message,"
Congressional Quarterly 11 eekly Report, January 8, 1965,
pp. 50-3
( 17 ) Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, January 15, 1965,
p. 67
( 18 ) Brief Analysis of the P" ovisions of S. l and H. R. 1, U. S. Senate
Committee on Finance, January, 1965, 7 pp.
( lY) This 1 6-page pamphlet, which is eminently worth readin
p
' can
be ordered directly from America's Future, Inc., 542 Marn St.,
New Rochelle, New York ( price 25¢ ) .
Page 71
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DAN SMOOT
HOW L ONG CAN WE LAST?
¡o :|eûts:|a||o| :|e :weo:|e:| ceo:aty, :|eµtosµet|:yaocaa:et|a| a|g|: o| :|e Lo|:ec ::a:es
tes:ec c||e||yoo :|e µtocac:|v|:y o| |ocas:ty

1|e te|a:|ve saµet|ot|:yo| :|eLo|:ec ::a:es :|e te|a:|oo |e:veeo oat aa:et|a| s:teog:| aoc
:|a:o|o:|etoa:|oos teac|ec |:sµea|a::|ec|oseo|Wot|cWatII 1|eLo|:ec::a:eswas:|eo
:|ecoa|oao:ecoooa|caocaoaoc|a|µo·eto|:|e ·ot|c, oat|ocas:t|es ·eteµtocac|ogaotea|||-
:aty aoc c|v|||ao goocs :|ao :|ose o| a|| o:|et oa:|oos . oat coaaetce was aot|va|ec |o wot|c
:tace, oat a|||:aty a|g|:wasaa:c||ess.
ßa:aplanned c|aogewas|eg|oo|og.
A Lo|:ec Na:|oos mooe:aty aoc I|oaoc|a| Coo|eteoce was |e|c |o ßte::oo Woocs, New
Haaµs||te, |toa ja|y i :o ja|y .., lº!! HattyDex:etW||:e |eac o| :|e Aaet|caoce|ega:|oo,
coo:to||ec :|e coo|eteoce W||:e, a aeaeet o| :|e Coaoc|| ooIote|goke|a:|oos, was ao aocet-
covet :ov|e: esµ|ooage ageo: Cac|a||y, |e wasAss|s:ao::ecte:atyo|:|eLo|:ec::a:esTteasaty,
|a: |e ac:aa||y tao :|e Tteasaty Deµat:aeo:. Heoty motgeo:|aa, ltao|||o D kooseve|:s :ecte·
:atyo|:|eTteasaty,eocotsecµ|aosw||c|W||:e ctea:ec aocgaveW||:e |a|| aa:|ot|:y :o |aµ|e·
aeo::|ea.( 1)
Hatty Dex:et W||:es ßte::oo Woocs Coo|eteoce |o l º!! se: µo||c|es w||c| oat govetoaeo:
|as |o||owec s|oce :|e eoc o| Wot|c Wat II T|ese µo||c|es wete |o:eocec :o accoaµ||s| |oa:
aajotoej ec:|ves
( l ) Strip the United States of the great gold reserve, which had made our dollar the domi·
nant currency on earth, by giving the gold away to other nations; ·
( 2) Build the industrial capacity of other nations, at our expense, to eliminate American
productive superiority;
(3) Take world markets (and much of the American domestic market) away from American
producers until capitalistic America would no longer dominate world trade;
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Page 73
(4) Entwine American afairs - economic, po­
litical, cultural, social, educational, and even re­
ligious - with those of other nations until the
United States could no longer have an independ­
ent policy, either domestic or foreign, but would
become an interdependent link in a worldwide
socialist chain. (1)
To aoce:staoc sac| a µ|ao, we aast aoce:-
staocgold reserve aocbalance of payments.
T|eCo|ckese:veActwas µassec ]aoaa:y ·c,
l º·!. ße|o:e t|eo, t|e Aae:|cao co||a: was re­
deemable ca::eocy. Aoyooe w|o |e|c a µaµe:
co||a: coa|c ceaaoc, aoc get, µayaeot |o go|c
( . · . º g:a|os o| go|c, |e|o:e P:es|ceot l:ao|||o
D. kooseve|t ceva|aec t|e co||a: , T|e Co|c
kese:ve Act a|o||s|ec oa: staoca:c go|c co||a:,
µ:o||||tec |a:t|e: co|oage o| go|c, aace |t ||-
|ega| |o:Aae:|caostoase go|c as ca::eocy, aoc
aace|t |aµoss|||e |o:Aae:|caosto:eceeat|e|:
µaµe: co||a:s (t|at|s, tocas|t|ea| o, |o:go|c.
T|e Act o| l º·! c|c not, |oweve:, aa|e t|e
Aae:|cao co||a: |::eceeaa||e |o: |o:e|goe:s. I|
oa: gove:oaeot |ac:e|asec to :eceea |o:e|go·

|e|cAae:|caoca::eocy,|ogo|c,|o:e|goe:swoa|c
oot |ave acceµtec Aae:|cao µaµe: aooey. T|e
Aae:|cao co||a: woa|c |ave |ecoae ¨so|t ca:-
:eocy¨ (w||c| aeaos, v|:taa||y wo:t||ess oo t|e
wo:|c aa:|et, . Ca: |ote:oat|ooa| t:ace woa|c
|ave stoµµec exceµt oo a caa|e:soae |a:te:
|as|s aoc w||c |oûat|oo woa|c |ave :a|oec
oa: ecoooay.
T|e:e|o:e, t|e Go|c kese:ve Act o| 1934
(w||c| aace t|e Aae:|cao co||a: |::eceeaa||e
|o: Aae:|caos , µ:ov|cec t|at |o:e|go gove:o·
aeots, |ost|tat|oos, aoc ceot:a| |ao||og systeas
cao :eceea t|e|: Aae:|cao co||a:s |o go|c, at a
µ:|ce ||xec |y t|e L. :. T:easa:y ( s·· .cc ao
oaoce, . Cooseqaeot|y, eve:y Aae:|cao co||a:
sµeot, |ovestec, o:g|veo away a|:oac, aoc eve:y
Aae:|cao co||a: sµeot |o t|e Lo|tec :tates to
µa:c|ase|o:e|go·aacegoocs, a:eµoteot|a|c|a|as
aga|ost oa: go|c :ese:ve. T|e tota| o| a|| sac|
c|a|as|s:ecacec|yt|eaaoaoto||o:e|goaooey
sµeoto:|ovestec |o t|eLo|tec :tates, o:sµeot|o
|o:e|go |aocs to |ay Aae:|cao·aace goocs.
T|e c|ûe:eoce |etweeo w|at we as a oat|oo
sµeocaocg|veawaya|:oac, aocw|at|o:e|goe:s
|ay |:oa as, |s ca||ec balance of payments. We
saûe:a|a|aoce·o|·µayaeotsdefcit w|eow|atwe
sµeoc aoc g|ve away a|:oac exceecs w|at |o:-
e|goe:s|ay i:oa as. £ve:y ceac|t :eµ:eseots |o:-
e|go c|a|as aga|ost oa: go|c :ese:ve. W|eo t|e
tota|o||o:e|goc|a|asexceecst|eaaoaot|o oa:
:ese:ve, we a:e technically |ao|:aµt, |ecaase we
coa|cootaeeta|| |o:e|goc|a|as || a||we:eµ:e-
seotec |o: :eceaµt|oo |o go|c. We s|a|| |e |o
aoactual stateo||ao|:aµtcy|| |o:e|goe:s cose||
t|e|: Aae:|cao |o|c|ogs aoc ceaaoc ao:ego|c
t|aowe|ave.
\|eo t|e ß:ettoo Woocs Coo|e:eoce was
|e|c |o l º!!, t|e L. :. |ac ´c µe:ceot o| a||
|oowo go|c:ese:ves |o t|e wo:|c, aoc t|e tota|
o| a|| |o:e|go c|a|as aga|ost oa: go|c was :e|a-
t|ve|y|os|go|acaot.( 1 ) T|e aooaa| |a|aoceo|µay-
aeots|ac|eeo:aoo|ogsteac||y|ooa:|avo:|o:
a|aost |a|| a ceota:y. A|t|oag| t|e coaaao|st
µ|ao to :eve:se t||s s|taat|oo, to scatte: oa: |a-
aeose wea|t| a|:oac, aoc to aa|e as a defcit
oat|oo at t|e ae:cy o| |o:e|go |ao|e:s aoc gov·
e:oaeotswasg:aoc|ose, |twas |ooµe:at|oow|t|-
m a yea:.
ße|o:e Wo:|c Wa: II eocec, t|e Aae:|cao
gove:oaeotwassµeoc|og|||||oosto :e||evewa:-
s|atte:ec£a:oµe. Io l º!º, t||s|o:e|go:e||e|was
coove:tec |oto |o:e|go a|c, to sta||||ze t|e ca:·
:eoc|es,|a||ct|e|ocast:|a|µ:ocact|v|ty,aocgeo-
e:a||y st:eogt|eo t|e ecoooa|es o| |o:e|go oa-
t|oos w|t| aooey cooûscatec |:oa Aae:|cao
taxµaye:s.
Io l º!º, weexµaocec oa: a|||ta:y a|c to io:-
e|gooat|oos|yeote:|ogt|eNATCag:eeaeot
coaa|tt|og oa:se|ves to ceieoc £a:oµeaooat|oos
w|t| Aae:|cao t:ooµs. T||s :eqa|:ec aooaa| ex·
µeoc|ta:es o||||||oos to aa|ota|o oa: owo ove:·
seas |o:ces, |o acc|t|oo to |||||oos g|veo oa: a|-
||es |o: t|e aa|oteoaoce o| t|e|: a|||ta:y esta|·
||s|aeots.
io iº:c, t|e aooaa| |a|aoce o| µayaeots |e·
g+n running +g+inst us: the plot to dissipate
Aae:|caost:eogt|waswo:||ogw|t|g:eatspeec.
Page 74
As ea:|y as l º··, I aoc a iew ot|e: coost|ta·
tiooa| coose:vat|ves we:e va:o|og t|at oa: go|c
:ese:vewas s|:|o||ogaoc t|at c|saste: |aya|eac
| it|e µo||c|es oigove:oaeot we:e oot :eve:sec
ßat,|o lº··, t|eL :go|c:ese:vetota|ec.ª .· .
|||||oo co||a:s, w|||e a|| io:e|go c|a|as aga|ost
|ttota|ecoo|y l c ·!´l |||||ooco||a:s.( 2 ) T|e iec·
e:a|gove:oaeotacce|e:atect|ec:|vetowa:c:a|o
T|:oag| t|e £xµo:t·Iaµo:t ßao|, t|e Iote:·
oat|ooa| ßao| lo: kecoost:act|oo aoc Deve|oµ·
aeot, t|e Iote:oat|ooa| mooeta:y laoc. t|e Io·
te:oat|ooa| l|oaoce Co:µo:at|oo ( aoc seve:a|
ot|e:|ote:oat|ooa| |eoc|ogageoc|es , , oa:gove:o·
aeot |as coaa|ttec aaoy |||||oos oi Aae:|cao
taxco||a:stoûoaocet|e|a||c|ogoi|ocast:|es |o
io:e|go |aocs.
Iot|eea:|y lº·c s, oa:gove:oaeot |o|t|atec .
µ:og:aa oi gaa:aotee|og µ:|vate Aae:|cao |o·
vestaeots a|:oac, to eocoa:age t|e û|g|t oi
private caµ|ta|ove:seas Loce:t||s¨µo||t|ca|·:|s|·
gaa:aotee¨ µ:og:aa, t|e Lo|tec :tates gove:o·
aeotgaa:aotees to coaµeosate µ:|vate Aae:|cao
|ovesto:s io: ove:seas |osses v||c| :esa|t i:oa
( l , |oa||||ty to coove:t io:e|go ca::eocy |oto
L. : co||a:s , ( . , exµ:oµ:|at|oo o: cooascat|oo
|ya io:e|gogove:oaeot, ( · , wa:, :evo|at|oo, o:
|osa::ect|oo.( 3)
meaov|||e, t|e iece:a| gove:oaeot s io:e|go
aoc coaest|c sµeoc|og was |oc:easec, t|as µ|||og
aµt|etax |a:ceo v||c|accectot|ecostoi co·
|og |as|oess |o t|e Lo|tec :tates, |oûat|og t|e
cost oi Aae:|cao µ:ocacts aot|| t|ey coa|c |e
aoce:so|c|yio:e|gogoocsa|| ove:t|evo:|c
Hy t|eeoc oi lº·º, Aae:|ca was we|| oo
t|e:oacto|ecoa|og a |ave·oot oat|oo, |tsµeo·
µ|e |ecoa|og ceµeoceotoo io:e|goiacto:|es io:
esseot|a|goocs, w|||e|tsowoiacto:|eswe:ec|os-
|ogo:aov|ogove:seasYet,ooDecea|e: l lº·º,
C. Doag|as L|||oo (t|eo P:es|ceot I|seo|ove: s
Loce: :ec:eta:y oi :tate io: Icoooa|c Aûa|:s,
|ate: :ec:eta:y oi t|e T:easa:y aoce: P:es|ceots
Keooecy aoc jo|osoo, aoooaocec a sc|eae to
encourage a greater fight of American capital
a|:oac. m:. D|||oo |oc|catec t|at t|e aa|o eo·
coa:ageaeot woa|c |e sµec|a| tax |eoeûts io:
Aae:|caos |ovest|og a|:oac. He a|so c|sc|osec
t|at t|e :tate Deµa:taeot was a|:eacy g|v|og
Aae:|cao ove:seas | ovesto:s sµec|a| tax |eoeûts,
|o tax·t:eaty oegot|at|oos v|t| io:e|go oat|oos.
CoAµ:||27, lº·º, U. S. News & World Report
µa||s|ec ao a:t|c|e eot|t|ec ¨Is L :. P:|c|og It·
se|i Cat Ci ma:|ets :¨ w||c| was t|e :esa|t oi
ao exteos|ve sa:vey He:e a:e |:|eis oi soae oi
t|e ûoc|ogs .
Nails ¯ More than one-third of all nails used
in the United States are foreign made. Reason?
Workers in American nail-manufacturing plants
made an average of more than $2.90 an hour.
N ails j ust as good were made in Germany at a
wage cost of 90c an hour - in Japan for 40c an
hour. Add to this the fact that the raw materials
for making nails cost the American manufacturer
more than twice as much as they cost his foreign
competitors. Then add the fact that American
nail manufacturers, along with all other Ameri­
can taxpayers, have been taxed for foreign aid
to provide American techniques and the best
modern machinery to the foreign producers. The
facts spell unemployment for Americans and
death for an American industry which was once
dominant in the world and which, though rela­
tively small, is vital.
Barbed Wire ¯ Barbed wire, an American in­
vention, was once made almost exclusively in
America. In 1 958, more than one-third of all
barbed wire sold in America was made in foreign
mills by foreign workers, with foreign steel. Our
1 958 imports of barbed wire were ffty times
greater than our exports. We do not know what
percentage of our exports were foreign-aid gifts,
rather than legitimate sales on the world market.
Reasons? Same as for nails.
Bicycles - American manufacturers (bearing
labor costs that averaged around $2. 30 an hour,
in competition with German manufacturers
whose wage costs were between 60c and 70c an
hour, and with English manufacturers whose
wage costs were only slightly higher than Ger­
man) held more than half the American market
(60<0 in 1 955; 71 . 8% in 1 958) by importing
bicycle parts from abroad.
Sewing Machines - Most of the sewing ma­
chines for American homes are made in foreign
factories. Singer still makes machines in America;
but White, second largest in the world, has closed
Page 75
its American plants and now manufactures its
machines in Japan.
Steel flatware - As late as 1 953, practically all
steel flatware sold in America was made in
America. In 1 958, 38% of all stainless steel flat­
ware sold to Americans was made abroad -
principally in Japan, where manufacturers had
all the latest equipment and facilities and tech­
niques, , cheaper steel than Americans can get,
and a 22-cents-an-hour wage scale, compared with
a $2. 1 3-an-hour wage scale in American plants.
In that fve-year period, four major American
companies went out of business - leaving unem­
ployment and depression.
Ofce machines ¯ 3070 of all portable type­
writers sold in America were made abroad -
many of them in American plants, forced to shut
down in America and build overseas, in order
to meet foreign competition. One American man­
ufacturer of typewriters' merely assembled the
machines in America: all parts were made in
Europe. The same thing was happening to manu­
facturers of calculators and other ofce machines
- they were moving their plants abroad where
the wage scale was about one-fourth the Ameri­
can wage scale.
One ofcial of a business-machine-manufac­
turing frm said:
"We're being forced into setting up overseas
plants, where labor costs are lower, in order to
compete with foreign companies."
Lawrence Cowen, President of Airex Division
of Lionel Corporation (producer of fshing tackle)
said:
"We're going to take a chance on the rest of
1959, but, if the situation doesn't improve, we
will ship Airex's tools, dies, jigs and fxtures
abroad and manufacture outside the U. S. Be­
lieve me, it's not a pleasant prospect, but we
may have to do it if we want to continue that
part of our business. "(5)
T|e U. S. News & World Report sa:vey c|s-
c|osect|esaaet:eocceve|oµ|og, o:a|:eacywe||
acvaocec,|o a cozeo ot|e: |ocast:|es soae
|a:ge, soaesaa||, |ata||| aµo:taot to Aae:|cao
wo:|e:s aoc taxµaye:s.
:|a||a:|o|o:aat|oowasµ:eseotec|oot|e:aa-
j o: µa|||cat.oos ca:|ogt|e ea:|y µa:toí lº·º.
It had become obvious that policies of the fed­
e:a|gove:oaeot ûxecca:|og t|ec|os|og cays
oí Wonc Wa: II aoc µa:saec :e|eot|ess|y
t|:oag|oat t|e T:aaao aoc £|seo|owe: aca|o-
|st:at|oos we:e c:|v|og Aae:|cao caµ|ta| aoc
Aae:|cao go|c :ese:ves aoc Aae:|cao j o|s
a|:oac, caas|og a c|sast:oas s|||t o| |ocast:|a|
aoc ecoooa|c st:eogt| |:oat|eLo|tec :tates to
ot|e:oat|oos.
Yet, t|e £|seo|owe: aca|o|st:at|oo coot|oaec
to ceaaoc ao:e oatµoa:|og o| Aae:|cao tax
aooey t|:oeg| |o:e|go a|c, aoc ao:e gove:o·
aeota| eûo:tto eocoa:ageove:seas |ovestaeoto|
µ:|vate Aae:|cao caµ|ta|.
¡ot|eí

:stwee|o|:eµtea|e:, l º´c,I |egaoa
se:|es o| Reports, c|scass.og caases aoc coose·
qaeoces o| t|e 1|g|t o| Aae:|cas go|c :ese:ve.
At t|at t|ae, |o:e|go c|a|as aga|ost oa: go|c :e-
se:ve |ac :|seo a|ove :c |||||oo co||a:s. T|e :e·
se:ve|acs|:ao||e|owlº|||||oo,aocwass|:|o|-
|og at t|e:ate o| º·´a||||oo co||a:s a yea:. ße·
|o:eI ûo|s|ect|ese:|es, |o:e|goe:swe:ecas||og
|o t|e|: co||a:s aoc ceaaoc|og go|c at t|e :ate
o| ao:et|ao two |||||oo co||a:s a yea:.
T|e1|g|to|Aae:|casgo|c:ese:ve c|ea:|y
t|e|ssaeo|aost|aaec|atecaoge:tot|eoat|oo
wastota||y|goo:ec|yk|c|a:c m. N|xooaoc
jo|olKeooecy,|ot|e|:caaµa|gos|o:t|eP:es|·
ceocy, aot|| t|e o|g|t o| Ccto|e: l ·, l º´c Co
t|at o|g|t, w|eo N|xoo aoc Keooecy we:e |av·
|ogt|e|:t||:c te|ev|s|oo ce|ate, a :eµo:te: as|ec
|ow t|ey woa|c ¨go a|oat stoµµ|og t||s ce-
µa:ta:e o| go|c |:oa oa: s|o:es ¨ 1|ey gave a|-
aost |ceot|ca| aoswe:s ßot| aca|ttec t|at gov-
e:oaeota| µo||c|es |ac caasec t|e |oss o| Aae:|-
cas go|c :ese:ve aoc Aae:|cao aa:|ets. ßot|
sa|c t|e µo||c|es aast |e coot|oaec, |att|at we
s|oa|c µ|eac w|t| |o:e|go gove:oaeots to |e|µ
as ca::y t|e |a:ceo.(6)
T|e N|xoo·Keooecy :eaa:|s ( :evea||og t|at
Aae:|ca s µe:||oas aooeta:y cooc|t|oo woa|c
g:owwo:se, :ega:c|ess o|t|e e|ect|oo oatcoaej
toac|ec oû a go|c c:|s|s |o t|e aooey aa:|ets
o|£a:oµe We caae caoge:oas|yc|oseto ao |o-
te:oat|ooa| :ao oo oa: go|c :ese:ve, |at oe|t|e:
Nixon nor Kennedy mentioned the gold problem
aga|o ca:|og t|e caaµa|go.
Page 76
to may º, l º´l , L : keµ:eseotat|ve A|:a·
|aa ma|te: ( New Yo:| Deaoc:at , |ot:ocacec
a ||||to :eµea| t|e :eqa|:eaeot t|at t|e lece:a|
kese:ve :ystea aa|ota|o a go|c :ese:ve eqaa| to
: · µe:ceot o| a|| oatstaoc|og lece:a| kese:ve
ootes aoc o| a|| ceµos|t||a||||t|es o| lece:a| ke·
se:ve aea|e: |ao|s.( 7) T||s was a Keooecy·ac-
a|o|st:at|ooeuo:tto so|vet|eaooeta:yµ:o||ea
T|e Aae:|cao go|c :ese:ve |s c|v|cec |oto a
|:ee µ||e aoc ao aoc|o:µ||e T|e L : T:easa:.
cao asego|c |o t|e |:ee µ||e to :eceea |o:e|go·
|e|c Aae:|caoco||a:s,o:caose|||tto aat|o:|zec
|ocast:|a| ase:s Co|c |ot|eaoc|o: µ||e aast |e
|eµt as |ac||og |o: lece:a| kese:ve ootes aoc
ceµos|t ||a||||t|es, aoc oot asec |o: aoy ot|e:
µa:µose
T|e|oteoto|t|ema|te:||||wasto ¨|:ee¨ t|e
aoc|o: µ||e so t|att|e L : T:easa:ycoa|c µay
oateve:yoaoceo|oa:go|cto|o:e|goe:s,|eav|og
oooeto|ac|oa:ca::eocyat|oae C|v|oas|y,t|e
|||| woa|c oot |ave stoµµec t|e û|g|t o| go|c
It woa|c ae:e|y |ave µostµooec t|e cay w|eo
t|e L : T:easa:y woa|c oot |ave eooag| go|c
toaeet|o:e|goceaaocs
Coog:ess cec||oectoµasst|ema|te: |||| , aoc,
|o: a|aost |oa: yea:s, t|e Keooecy·)o|osoo ac-
a|o|st:at|oo µ:oµosec oo so|at|oo |o: t|e go|c
µ:o||ea kec||ess sµeoc|og aoc ceûc|t ûoaoc|og
ca:|ogt|att|ae|a:t|e:e:ocecoa:ecoooa|ccoo·
c|t|oo.
Co)aoaa:yl ·, lº´!,U. S. News & World k.-
;o·/ sa|ct|atao |oc:eas|ogoaa|e:o|Aae:|cao
û:aswe:e|a||c|ogove:seasµ|aots,|:|og|ogt|e|:
|o:e|go·aaceµ:ocacts|otot|eAae:|caoaa:|et
-Burroughs, giving up making adding ma­
chines in America, will import them from its
foreign plants.
-Studebaker, no longer making cars in the
United States, imports cars from Canada.
-Ford, General Motors, and Chrysler import
cars manufactured by their foreign afliates in
Great Britain, Germany, France.
-Typewriters, calculators, radios, light trac­
tors, cement, kitchen appliances, food specialties:
these are on the growing list of products being
produced abroad by American frms and im­
ported into the United States. ( 8)
Coma:c| l ´, lº´!, U. S. News & World Re­
port :evea|ect|at |o lº´·, Ce:aaoy |ecaae t|e
wo:|c s |a:gest exµo:te: o| aaoa|acta:ec goocs
Neve: |e|o:e |o t|e tweot|et| ceota:y |ac aoy
oat|oo sa:µassec t|e Lo|tec :tates.(9)
Io ma:c|, lº´!, Human Events :eµo:tec t|at
L : |o:e|go a|c |ac |a||t, ove:seas, l¯º stee|
a|||s, w||c| a:e oow coaµet|og st:oog|y w|t|
Aae:|cao a|||s oot oo|y |o: |o:e|go aa:|ets |at
a|so |o: t|e coaest|c Aae:|cao aa:|et
(10)
CoAagast :!, lº´!, t|e U. : Deµa:taeot o|
Coaae:ce:eµo:tect|atL. : |ovestaeotsa|:oac
:ose |y ´ · |||||oo co||a:s |o l º´·, !. · |||||oo
co||a:s|oc|:ectcaµ|ta|oatûow |:|og|og tota|
ove:seas |ovestaeot o| Aae:|cao µ:|vate caµ|ta|
to ´´! |||||oo co||a:s.(
1
1
)
ßy )aoaa:y, l º´·, t|e û|g|t o| Aae:|cao caµ·
|ta|, go|c, aoc |ocast:y to |o:e|go |aocs |ac
|:oag|t as to t|e |:|o| o| c|saste:.
1o )aoaa:y, l º´·, t|e l:eoc| aoooa�cec t|at
t|eywoa|c|eg|oexc|aog|ogt|e|:Aae:|caoco|-
|a: |o|c|ogs |o: go|c. It was es:|aatect|at t|ey
woa|cexc|aoge ·cca||||ooco||a:s|aaec|ate|y,
aocexc|aogea||oewco||a:|o|c|ogsasacqa|:ec.
Aµµa:eot|y,t|eL.:T:easa:yµ|aos,w|t|oatµ:o-
test,to|ooo:I:eoc|ceaaocsas|oogasoa:go|c
|asts(
12)
l:aoce owes as ´. !·´ |||||oo co||a:s oo
|e: old W arid War I ce|t aost o| w||c|
(!.!º¯ |||||oo, |s µast cae.( 13) :eveoteeo oat|oos
oweasatota|o|:c. ·´!|||||ooco||a:sooWo:|c
Wa:I ce|ts l · º´º |||||oos|e|ogµast cae''
A|| o| t|ese oat|oos |ave co||a: |o|c|ogs (ac-
qa|:ec |a:ge|y as a :esa|t o| oa: gove:oaeots
µost·Wo:|c Wa: II gifts to t|ea, , w||c| t|ey
coa|ccoove:t|oto c|a|asoooa: go|c :ese:ve.
Io t|e secooc wee| o| Ie|:aa:y, l º´·, Coo·
g:ess µassec Hk ·ºl º, ao aca|o|st:at|oo·sµoo·
so:ec||||w||c|wasacoaµ:oa|seve:s|ooo|t|e
lº´lma|te:|||| Hk·ºlºe||a|oatect|e:eqa|:e-
aeot|o:25 µe:ceotgo|c|ac||ogo|lece:a| ke-
se:»edeposit liabilities, but did not eliminate the
. · µe:ceot|ac||og|o:Iece:a|kese:veootes.T||s
Page 77
|||| :eaovec a|oat ! º |||||oo co||ats o| go|c
|:oat|eaoc|otµ||e,aa||og|tava||a||eto aeet
|o:e|go c|a|as(14)
Co le|taa:. l l , l º´·, t|e L : go|c :ese:ve
tota|ec l !. º|||||ooco||a:s.( 15) Loce:t|eoew|aw
j astµassec, a|oat º ¯ |||||ooo|t|etese:veaast
st|| | |e |eµt |o t|e aoc|o: µ||e to |ac| oat co·
aest|ccat:eocy.T||s|eavesa|oat´ :|||||ooco|·
|ats|ot|e|teeµ||etoaeeta|| |ote|goc|a|as
w||c| tota| ao:e t|ao :´ |||||oo co||ats
Cole|:aa:y l ´, lº´·, The Wall Street Journal
:eµo:tec t|at Ptes|ceot jo|osoo |ac as|ec Coo-
g:essto|oc:easet|e·cc·a||||oo·co||a:L. :. ove:-
seas·ao:tgage·|osa:aoceµtogtaa|yaoacc|t|ooa|
100 a||||oo. T||sgovetoaeot |osa:aoce µ:og:aa
|as st|aa|atec Aae:|cao |ao|s, |osataoce coa·
µao|es,aocAlL·CICµeos|oo·|aocaca|o|sttatots
to |ovest aaoy a||||oos o| co||ats |ot coosttac·
t|oo o| |oases aoc aµattaeots |o |ote|go coao·
t:|es
(16)
Cole|taa:ylº, l º´·, Ptes|ceotjo|osoosµo|e
to ·· c |eac|og |ao|e:s aoc |as|oessaeo at t|e
W||teHoase, say|og.
''Your country needs your help . . . .
"We face a problem that we must not ignore.
Our cash position has been impaired by seven
straight years of balance-of-payments defcits . . . .
"Your government is doing its utmost to cut
back its dollar drain. We are determined to do
what we can to encourage a more favorable dol­
lar balance through constructive steps . . . . "( 17)
T|e P:es|ceot as|ect|e|ao|e:s aoc|as|oess·
aeo to ca:ta|| t|e|: ove:seas |ovestaeots aoc
|oaos, wa:o|og t|at || t|ey c|c oot co so vo|ao·
ta:||y, t|egove:oaeotcoa|case|o:ce.T|ePtes|-
ceot |as a|so ca||ec aµoo Aaet|cao toat|sts to
catta|| t|e|: sµeoc|og |o |ote|go |aocs, aoc |as
saggestec oew castoas |aws to eo|o:ce coaµ||-
aoce.
Co t|e cay w|eo Ptes|ceot jo|osoo wa:oec
µ:|vate|as|oessaeot|atthey aast co soaet||og
a|oatt|e oatûow o| Aae:|cao caµ|ta| to |ote|go
|aocs ( le|:aa:y l º, l º´· ) , t|e L : Hoase o|
keµ:eseotat|ves, |y a vote o| :ºº to º:, µassec
Hk !· ÷aoaca|o|st:at|oo||||aat|o:|z|ogcoo·
t:||at|oos o| :·ca||||ootax co||a:sto t|eIote:-
Aae:|caoDeve|oµaeotßao|ca:|ogt|eoextt|:ee
yea:s A s|a||a: |||| ( :ºc· j |as |eeo aµµ:ovec
|yt|e:eoatelo:e|goke|at|oos Coaa|ttee, w|t|
oo|y :eoatot ltao| j Laasc|e ( C||oDeaoc:atj
|o opµos|t|oo T|e Iote:·Aaet|cao Deve|oµaeot
ßao|ûoaocesa|| ||ocs o|coost:act|ooaocceve|-
oµaeott|:oag|oatLat|oAae:|ca µoa:|ogoat
L. : taxµayets aooey to |a||c|ocast:|a|µ|aots,
|::|gat|oo µ:oj ects, sc|oo|s, |oases, aµa:taeots,
:oacs,µa|||cwo:|s,oace|a||c|ogseve:yt||og.
:|oce t|e |ao| was c:eatec |o l º´c, L : coo·
t:||at|oos |ave tota|ec l . l ·´ |||||oo co||a:s
( 18)
Cole|:aa:y: l , l º´·, |twas:evea|ec t|at t|e
De|eose Deµattaeot |as |eeo sµeoc|og ao av-
e:age o| l . · |||||oo co||a:s a yea: |o: t|e µast
seveo yeats, oo t|e µa:c|ase aoc ttaosµo:tat|oo
o| |ote|go ¡et:o|eaa 1|e De|eose Deµattaeot
w|| | oot ca:ta|| |ts ove:seas sµeoc|og oo |o:e|go
o||,say|ogt|atAae:|caoo||woa|ccost·ca||||oo
co||a:sayea:ao:et|aot|e|o:e|goo||.(19)
What Must Be Done
Loogtesss|oa|c,|y|aw,µ:o||||tt|eL. :.
T:easa:y |:oa :eceea|og Aae:|cao co||a:s |o
go|c|o:aoyoat|oot|atowesasµast·caece|ts.
Coog:ess s|oa|c stoµ a|| |o:e|go a|c, stoµ
wo:|cw|cesµeoc|og|otce|eoseo|ot|e:oat|oos,
aoc e||a|oate a|| aocoost|tat|ooa| coaest|c µ:o-
g:aas 1||s woa|c µe:a|t s|a:µ tax :ecact|oo,
w|||e e||a|oat|og ceûc|t sµeoc|og.
Coog:ess s|oa|c :eµea| a|| |a|o: |aws w||c|
g|veaoooµo||st|cao|oost|eµowe:to|oûateµ:o-
cact|oo costs kecacec taxes aoc :ecacec µ:o-
cact|oo costs woa|c eoa||e Aae:|cao |ocast:|es
to coaµete w|t| |o:e|go |ocast:|es, aoc woa|c
stoµt|eû|g|to|go|c,j o|s,aoc |acto:|es to |o:-
e|go|aocs T||s,toget|e:w|t|eoc|ogt|e|o:e|go
g|veaway, woa|c c:eate a |avo:a||e |a|aoce o|
µayaeots aoc eoa||e as to accaaa|ate aga|o a
go|c :ese:ve aceqaate |o: oa: aooeta:y oeecs.
Coogtess s|oa|c |aaec|ate|y :esto:e tbe :e·
qa|:eaeot|o:. · µe:ceotgo|c |ac||og oít|ece-
Page 78
µesit|ia|i|itieseilece:a|kese:veaea|e:|ao|s,
aoc s|ea|c aevewit| a|| µessi||e sµeec tewa:c
:eµea|eit|eCe|ckese:veActei lº·!,eveotaa|-
l yaa|iog t|eAae:icao ce||a: eoce agaio ia||y
:eceeaa||eioge|c, at|eaeaoc a|:eac.
¾|||e µ:eg:aas ei geve:oaeot µas| ea:
oatieo tewa:c :aio, P:esiceot ]e|oseo t|:eateos
te tig|teo iascist·ceaaaoist ceot:e|s eve: Aae:i·
cao iocivicaa|s aoc |asioesses, ao|ess they |e|µ
:eaecyt|esitaatieow|ic|geve:oaeot|ascaasec
aoc is :aµic|y aa|iog we:se.
Itisaµte iocivicaa|saoce:gaoizecg:eaµs ei
ceostitatieoa| ceose:vatives w|e aoce:staoc t|e
µ:e||ea, te µass t|is ioie:aatieo eo te et|e:s
aoti| a samcieot oaa|e: ei Aae:icaos a:e io·
ie:aec aoc a:easec. Ii enough µa||ic µ:essa:e
we:e µat eo Ceog:ess, Ceog:ess wea|c :eject
]e|oseos cisast:eas µ:eg:aas aoc sta:t ceiog
w|ataast|e ceoetesaveea:keµa||ic.
* * * * *
Bound Vol umes
A| | ßeaocVe|aaes ie:t|eyea: l º´!a:e eû
t|e µ:ess. We |ave s|iµµec a|| e:ce:s :eceivec,
aoc cao oew û|| e:ce:s µ:oaµt|y. :eae ßeaoc
Ve|aaes ie: t|e yea:s l º´: aoc l º´· a:e sti||
avai|a||e.
T|e ve|aaes cest slc cc eac|, ce|ive:ec. le:
aoyeoe w|e waots a ca:eia||y·iocexec :eie:eoce
|ee|eot|eaestiaµe:taotsa|j ects ei ea: tiae,
t|e:e is oe |ettet |a:gaio.
Iot|e l º´! |eaoc ve|aae, yeacao cete:aioe
|eweve:yaea|e:eit|eoatieoa|Ceog:essvete1
eoc:itica|:e||ca||st|:eag|eatt|eseceocsessieo
ei t|e ººt| Ceog:ess. T|e:e a:e |:iei, |acic cis·
cassieos ei t|eissaes iove|vec iot|evetiog, ao1
ta|a|atieos giviog t|e :atiogs w|ic| eac| aea·
|e:eiCeog:essea:oec|yt|eway|esteecaµte
|e ceaotec. T|e:e a:e iascioatiog acceaots et
Loieo Te::e:isa, ei :aµ:eae Cea:t eûe:ts te
eat|awCeci:eaµa||ic|iieiot|eLoitec:tates,
ei eûe:ts te ta|e t|e Paoaaa Caoa| away i:ea
t|eLoitec:tates, eit|eLoitecNatieosl:ao|eo-
ste|o, ei t|e l º´! e|ectieos, aoc ei aaoy et|e:
sa|j ects.
T|el º´·ßeaocVe|aaeceotaiosceaµact,µ:e·
cise|y·e:gaoizec, eo·t|e·sceoe ioie:aatieo a|eat
t|eAssassioatieoioDa||asaoca|eatt|e|ac|-
was| ei t|at g:ia aûai:. Hew C|ioa cea|c |e
set i:ee i:ea ceaaaoisa, |ew a:|ao :eoewa|
is µ:eaetiog a :eviet Aae:ica, |ew ea: tax
aeoeyisµayiogie:secia|isaaocaoti·Aae:icao·
isa t|:eag|eat t|e we:|c, |ew |aw|ess geve:o·
aeotis g:ewiogiot|eLoitec:tates . t|ese a:ea
iew ei t|eaaoyteµicsciscassec io t|e lº´·ao·
oaa| ei t|is Report.
Aaeog t|e aest aseia| aoc wice|y·:eac Re­
ports iot|e l º´: ßeaocVe|aaea:e ¨T|e We|·
ia:e kac|et,¨ ¨ße:|io aoc Ca|a,¨ ¨It He|µs Te
ße A Ceaaaoist, ¨ ¨T|e mississiµµi T:agecy,¨
¨Ceoge Iot:igae, ¨ ¨P:eg:essive £cacatieo,¨ ao1
¨::a||ecIoT|eßac|CoT|eIea:t|Cija|y. ¨
WH O I S D A N S MO O T ?
Born in Missouri, reared in Texas, Dan Smot went to SMU getting BA and M degrees, 1938 and 1940. In
1941, he joined the faculty at Harvard as a Teaching Fellow, doing graduate work for a doctorate in Americn civili·
zation. From 1942 to 1951, he was an FBI agent: three and a half years on communist investigations; to yers o
FBI headquarters staf; almost four yers on general FBI cases ill various places. He resigned from the FBI and,
from 1951 to 1955, was commentator on national radio and television programs, giving both sides of controversia
issues. In July, 1955, he started his present proft-supported, free-enterprise business: publishing The Dan Smool
Report, a weekly magazine available by subscription; and producing a weekly news-analysis radio and television
brodcast, available for sonsorship by reputable busines frms, as an advertising vehicle. The Report and brodct
give O£ side of important issues: the side that presents doented truth using the American Constittion Ø6 Ø yard­
stick. If you think Smot's materials ar efective against scialism and communism, you cn help immensely-help get
subribrs for the Report, commercial sponsors for the brdcast.
Page 79
ßoaoc vo|aaes |o: a|| yea:s µ:|o: to l º´: a:e
so|c oat aoc caooot |e :eµ:|otec. I| yoa co oot
|avet|et|:eevo|aaesst|||ava||a||e ( lº´:, l º´·,
lº´!, o:ce:t|eatocay I|yoa a| :eac·|av.t|.
vo|aaes|o:yoa:owoase,|etasseoct|eaasyoa:
g||t to a | ||:a:y, a staceot, a teac|e:, a :e|at|ve.
a |:|eoc
P:|ce sl c cc eac|, ce||ve:ec ( sl c :c, || o:·
ce:ec |o Texas |o: Texas ce||ve:y) . :ee o:ce:
||ao|att|e |ottoao|t||sµage
Zi p Codes
To coaµ|y w|t| oew µosta| :ega|at|oos, we
aast acc coaµ|ete z|µ coceoaa|e:s to a||aa||·
|ogacc:esses To |osa:ece||ve:y o|yoa:Report,
µ|easeseocasyoa:z|µcoceoaa|e:|aaec|ate|y
FOOTNOTES
( 1 ) Gold Swindle: The Story of Om' Dwindlint Gold, by George
Racey Jordan, The Bookmailer, Inc. , 1959; The Hany Dexter
White Papers, Senate Internal Security Subcommittee of the
Judiciary Committee, August 30, 1 955, 505 pp. ; "Kennedy
Pledges U. S. Help If Gold Runs Low Abroad," by Edwin L.
Dale, Jr., The New Yo,·k Times, October 1 , 1963, pp. 1 , 1 6
( 2) Letter from U. S. Representative Otto E. Passman ( Dem., La. ) ,
July 1 5 , 1964
( 3 ) United States G01Jerment Memorandum: Aid.r To Business
( Overseas Investment ) ; State Dept. - Agency For International
Development, 1963, pp. 20-23
Subscription:
1 962 Bound Volume
1 963 Bound Volume
1 964 Bound Volume
The Invisible Government
Clothback
Paperbound
Poketsize
The Hope Of The World
America's Promise
The Fearless American
(L·P Record Album)
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(L-P Record Album)
I
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( 4) "Plan Would Spur Investing Abroad, " by Allen Drury, The
New York Times, December 2, 1958, p. 1 8
( 5 ) " I s U. S. Pricing Itself Out Of Markets ?", U. S. News &
Wodd Report, April 27, 1959, pp. 54-8
( 6) "Transcript of The Third Kennedy-Nixon Television Debate on
Issues of Campaign," The New York Times, October 14, 1960,
p. 2 1
( 7 ) "Taxes and Economic Policy," Congressional Qua,·terly Weekly
Report, May 19, 1961 , p. 867
( 8) "Business Around the World," U. S. News & World Report,
January 1 3, 1964, pp. 79-80
( 9) "Business Around the World," U. S. News & World Report,
March 1 6, 1964, p. 68
( 1 0) "U. S. Aid Boomerangs, " article by Fulton Lewis, Jr., Human
Events, March 14, 1964, p. 7
( 1 1 ) "U. S. I nvestments Advance Abroad," by Edwin L. Dale, Jr. ,
The New York Times, August 25 , 1 964, p. 45
( 12 ) "France Clarifies Attitude On Gold," by Richard E. Mooney,
The New York Times, February 1 3, 1965, p. 25
( 1 3 ) Original source, U. S. Treasury Department; 1965 Wodd
Almanac, New York World-Telegram Corp., New York City,
1965, p. 736
( 14) Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, February 12, 1965,
pp. 221-2
( 1 5 ) "Treasury Statement," The New Y01·k Times, February 17,
1 965, p. 66
( 1 6) "Building Abroad," by Laurence G. O' Donnell, The Wall Street
jou1'l al, February 1 6, 1965, pp. 1 , 1 6
( 17 ) "LB J Asks Business t o Curb Overseas Lending, Spending,"
article by Mike Quinn, The Dallas Morint News, February 19,
1965, Sec. 1 , p. 14
( 18 ) Congressional Quartery Weekly · Report, February 1 2, 1965,
pp. 2 37-8; February 19, 1965, pp. 289, 292
( 19) "Oilmen Charge Imports Hurt Balance of Payments," by Max
B. Skelton, The Dallas Times HeMld, February 2 1 , 1965, p. 33A
NAME (Please Print)
STREET ADDRESS
CITY STATE Z CODE
( Texans Add 2% for Sale Tax)
THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, BOX 9538, DALLAS, TEXAS 75214 TAYLOR 1·2303
Page 80
·
ÏMË
Ifl Smoot leport
Vol. 1 1 , No. 1 1 (Broadcast 499) March I S, 1 965 Dallas, Texas
DAN SMOOT
AGRI CU LT URE AT BAY
to le|:aa:y !, lº´·, P:es|ceo: Lyocoo ß. jo|osooseo:||sAg:|ca|:a:emessage:oCoog:ess.
He sa|c.
"Rural America is the scene of one of the greatest productive triumphs in the history of man. Yet,
despite its service to the Nation, rural America is also the scene of wasted human talent, where
there are too many people without jobs and too many with only part-time j obs . . . .
"Only one out of ten boys now growing up on farms can expect to earn a good living as a
full-time farmer. Most young people in rural areas must go elsewhere to fnd their opportun­
ities . . . .
"Farmers with inadequate resources make up one segment of rural America's great unsolved
problem of underemployment. Another is made up of families who have left the farm but have
not yet found a place in the non-agricultural sector of the economy . . . .
"Lack of a decent life is almost twice as prevalent in rural America as it is in urban America . . . .
"Rural America has almost three times the proportion of substandard houses found II ur-
ban areas . . . .
"Rural people lag almost two years behind urban residents II education attainment
"Rural communities lag in health facilities . . . Þ"( 1)
A|:e: µ:eseo:|og :||s dismal µ|c:a:e o| :a:a| Aae:|ca:oµ:oveoeec|o:||s:ecoaaeocec|a:a
µ:og:aas, :|e P:es|ceo: :ecoaaeocec coo:|oaa:|ooo|µ:og:aasw||c||ave|eeo |oex|s:eoce|o:
ªc yea:s He µ:eseo:ec a bright µ|c:a:e o| :a:a| Aae:|ca:o µ:ove:|a::|eµ:og:aasa:eeñec:|ve.
"The commodity programs which were initiated 30 years ago in the Administration of Presi­
dent Franklin D. Roosevelt have helped to create a commercially successful agriculture. I pro­
pose that these commodity programs be continued and improved.
"Over the past four years our commodity programs have raised and sustained net farm income
at an annual level nearly $1 billion above 1 960. Few activities so dramatically indicate the
value to farmers of good programs well administered . . . . "( 1)
THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, a magazine published every week by The Dan Smoot Report, Inc., mail­
ing address P. O. Box 9538, Lakewod Station, Dallas, Texas 75214; Telephone TAylor 1 -2303 (office
address 6441 Gaston Avenue) . Subscription rates: $1 0.00 a year, $6.00 for 6 months, $18.00 for two years.
For frst class mail $12.50 a year; by airail ( including APO and FPO) $14.50 a year. Reprints of spec
issues: I copy for 25¢; 6 for $1 .00; 50 for $5.50; 100 for $I O.OO-each price for bulk mailing to one penon.
Add 2% sales tax on all orders originating in Texas for Texas delivery.
Copyright by Dan Smoot, 1965. Second class mail privilege authorized at Dallas, Texas.
No Reproductions Permitted.
Pag 81
T|oag| Ptes|ceot jo|osoo |egao ||s Agt|ca|·
tatemessagew|t| a co|ot|a| coaµ||aeotto ¨t|e
|ata µeoµ|e o| t||s oat|oo¨ |ot aa||og ¨a |ast·
|og coott||at|oo to oat oat|ooa| µtosµet|ty, ¨ |e
| atetaacec|eatt|at|ecoesoottea||yt||o||ata·
ets ate cae aac| ctec|t |ot oat ¨agt|ca|tata|
ptogtess¨aoc¨agt|ca|tata|a|aocaoce ¨Heg|ves
t|ectec|ttogovetoaeot.
"The skill of our family farmers is not an ac­
cident. It is the product of a century of public
policy aimed at improvement of our agricul­
ture . . . .
"President Abraham Lincoln . . . founded the
Department of Agriculture a century ago and thus
started us on the path to abundance e . e e "(1)
Ptes|ceotjo|osooeaµ|as|zec t|att|ept|aaty
µatµose o| govetoaeots |ata ptogtaa |s, aoc
a|ways |as |eeo, to assate ¨µat|ty o| |ocoae |ot
Aaet|cas |aa||y|ataets. ¨
Parity otparity ratio |st|ete|at|oos||µ|etweeo
µt|ces w||c| |ataets get |ot v|at t|ey se||, aoc
µt|cest|eyµay|ot v|att|ey|ayaaeasateo|
|ataetsµtosµet|ty,|otetaso|µatc|as|ogµowet.
Pa:|tytat|o|s|asecoo|oc|ceso|µt|ces|oa||ve·
yeatµet|oc µt|ot to Wot|cWat I l ºlc· lºl !
Dat|ogt|atµet|oc, |ataetseoj oyec l cc¯ µat|ty
T|at |s, µt|ces t|eygot|ot w|att|ey so|c wete
aceqaate|o coaµat|soow|t| µt|ces t|ey µa|c |ot
ooo·|ataptocacts I|µt|ceso|ooo·|ataµtocacts
t|se aote s|atµ|y t|ao µt|ces o| |ata µtocacts
( ot coovetse|y, || pt|ces o| |ata µtocacts |al|
aote s|atµ|yt|aoot|et µt|ces , t|e pat|ty o| |o·
coae|ot|ataetscec||oes( 2)
Io l º·c, |e|ote |o|t|at|oo o| |eceta| |ata µto·
gtaas, |ataets pat|ty o| |ocoae was ºª¨,. Io
lº´! (a|tetoetexµeoc|tateo|!l|||||oo,:·ºa||·
|| oo, ·º!t|oasaoc,tvo|aoc:ecaoctveoty·seveo
|eceta| tax co||ats s!l , :·º, ·º!, ::: cc to
|e|p|aa||y|ataets , , ( 3) |ataets µat|ty o| |ocoae
|ac cec||oec to :· ¯ '
T|e vast oat|ay o| pa|||c aooey |as accoa·
µ||s|ect|e oµµos|te o||tsaoooaocecµatpose |t
|aseocoatageccotpotat|oo|ata|ogt|egtovt|
oihuge estates owoecbyabsentee landlords, cao·
agec|ytes|ceotµto|ess|ooa|s.
Covetoaect µtogtaas |aveeot|c|ec o¡etatots
o|||g|ata|cgsyoc|catesaoc c|s|ooestoµetatots
|||e ß||||e:o|£stes,v|||ea||||ooso|||tt'e |ata·
ets, aoa||e to coapete, |ave |ecoae |ata ||tec
|aocs, ot aovec to t|ec|t|es
Io l º·c (|e|ote t|e govetoaeot |o|t|atec µto·
gtaastosavet|e||tt|e|ataet, , t|etevete´, :ºº, ·
ccc|atas|ot|eLo|tec:tates T|e|ataµoµa|a·
t|oovas·c, l ·º,ccc.lolº´·, t|etevete·,: l l ,ccc
|atas , aoc t|e |ataµopa|at|oo vas l ·, ·´¯, ccc
As t|e oaa|et o| ¨||tt|e |ataets¨ cecteasec, t|e
s|ze o| |atas|octeasec Aoavetage |atao| lº´·
vas a|oat tv|ce t|e s|ze o| ao avetage |ata |o
l º·c.'
Io ||s lº´· Agt|ca|tate message, Ptes|ceot
jo|osoo avo|cec t|e o|c t|eae a|oat sav|og t|e
||tt|e|ataerasasya|o|o|oatvayo||| |eaoct|e
|ac||ooe o| oat ecoooay Ioceec, t|ete |s aote
t|ao a ||ot |o t|e Ptes|ceots aessage t|at t|e
saa|| |aa||y |ata |sa|teacy cooaec aoc t|at
govetoaeotaast oow |e|µ µtov|ce c|ty eaµ|oy-
aeot |ot c|sµ|acec |ataets, aocsa|s|c|ze t|e es·
ta|||s|aeoto| |ocastt|es |o tata| ateas
Histor
¡eceta| |ata µtogtaas wete ûtst aat|ot|zec
|y Coogtess |o t|e Agt|ca|tata| Acj astaeot Act
o|lº·· lo lº·´, t|e:aµteaeCoatt ( |ot|eßat·
|et Case, |e|c t|e AAAaocoost|tat|ooa|. koose·
ve|ts t|teat to pac| t|e Coatt |o lº·¯, toget|et
w|t| t|e cea|se o| soae o| t|e ¨o|oe o|c aeo, ¨
c|aogec t|e coaµ|ex|oo o| t|e Coatt. :o, t|e
Agt|ca|tata|Acj astaeotActo| lº·º (eveowotse
t|aot|eAAAo| lº· · , wasapµtovec|yt|eoew
:aµteae Coatt as coost|tat|ooa|. ·'
Iot|e l º·c s, HeotyWa||acewas ltao|||oD.
kooseve|t s :ectetaty o|Agt|ca|tate :attoaocec
|y coaaao|sts ( w|o, oac|a| |ovest|gat|oo | atet
c|sc|osec, actaa||y cooce|vec t|e oew·cea| |ata
µtogtaas ,,( 6) Wa||ace µa|c |ataets to cesttoy
ctoµsaocao.aa|sItvasaµteµostetoasµtogtaa,
bound to do great harm; but World War II
etaµtec|olº·º ,aocvat·st|aa|atec ceaaocs|o:
Page 82
agtica|tata| µtocacts so|vec oat ¨|ata satµ|as¨
µto||ea |ot seveta| yeats aoc o|scatec caaage
t|atgovetoaeots|ataµtogtaasweteco|og
T|e µat|ty tat|o |ot |ataets |ocoae tose to
l l ·7- |o lº!· aoc teaa|oec a|ove lcc7- aot||
l º!º, w|eo |tstattec a cec||oe Ptes|ceot Hatty
: Ttaaao tecoaaeocec t|e ßtaooao µ|ao a
µtogtaa o| c|tec:|eceta| µayaeots:og|ve |ata·
ets a aio|aaa aooaa| |ocoae w||c| omc|a|coa
waotec t|eato|ave,tegatc|esso|aet|:,µtocac·
tioo,aat|etceaaocs, ot aoyt||oge|se Coogtess
tej ectec t|e ßtaooao µ|ao

·'
T|e Koteao wat ctea:ec eooag| ceaaoc |ot
agt|ca|tata| goocs :o so|ve :|e |ata ¡to'|ea
aga|o, teaµotat||y, aoc ||ce t|e a'satc|:|es o|
t|egovetoaeo: s|ata µtogtaas T|eµat|:ytat|o
|ot |ataets |ocoae tose to l c¯7- |o lº· l , aoc
:|eos:attecasteacycec||oe, ctoµµ|ogto º·7-|o
lº·´ exact|yw|ete|twas |o lº·c|e|ote |ec·
eta| |ata µtogtaas |egao.
( 2)
\ o|aaescoa|c|eû||ecw|t|accoao:so|oa:·
tageoasioc|ceo:s|ot|e|eceta|govetoaeot s|ata
µtogtaas Heteatea |ewsaaµ|es|toat|eµos:·
Koteao wat µet|oc
-Canadian potatoes were smuggled across the
border and turned over to the federal govern­
ment under high price-support loans, and then
destroyed by the government as surplus, at a
time when potatoes were so high in American
grocery stores that many families could not af­
ford them.
-The government had millions of bales of
"surplus" cotton in storage. Storage alone was
costing taxpayers an estimated one million dol­
lars a day. Yet, American textile manufacturers,
whose taxes helped pay for the cotton program,
could not get American raw cotton for their mills
as cheaply as t,eir foreign competitors in Japan
and elsewhere could get it. At the same time,
American tax money, given away in foreign aid,
provided irrigation, machinery, and production
techniques to multiply cotton production in for­
eign nations (Egypt, Brazil, India, Mexico) which
began capturing world markets for cotton, while
American cotton was going into federal storage.
-Farmers turned their entire corn crops over
to the government under high price-support
loans, then bought corn they needed in the open
market for 60¢-a-bushel less than the government
had paid them for their own corn.
-In 1 954, the government bought ninety mil­
lion pounds of cheese from big cheese distributors
and then, a few days later, without ever taking
possession of the cheese, sold the cheese back to
the distributors for 1570 less than the government
had paid for it.
-Although federal subsidies caused the ac­
cumulation of costly surpluses in government
storage, government fned small farmers who re­
fused to accept federal subsidies: farmers who re­
j ected federal controls and federal handouts be­
cause they wanted to raise grain on their own
land to feed their livestock.
-The government cracked down on a flling­
station operator for raising a little cotton which
he wanted to give away as souvenirs to customers.
-In 1 955, the United States, with billions of
dollars' worth of surplus food commodities in
government storage, imported more food prod­
ucts than it exported (the same thing happened
again in 1 962) .
Eisenhower
¡|seo|o·ets aca|o|sttat|oo tt|ec :o so|ve
oat |ata·sat¡|as ¡to'|ea v|:| t|e |ote|go·c|s·
µosa| o¡eta:|oo ( |atet ca||ec ¨looc lot Peace¨
¡togtaa, , coocac:ec aocet :|e Agt|ca|:ata|
Ttace Deve|o¡aeo: aoc Ass|staoce Ac: o| l º·!
Locet :||s |av ·e se|| aoc g|ve oat |ata sat-
µ|ases :o |ote|go oa:|oos :a|es aocet t|e |aw
( aaoaot|og, toca:e, :o a'oat´c µetceoto|:o:a|
sat¡|ases c|s¡osec o| a'toac, ate aace |ot t|e
|oca| catteocy o| tece|v|og oat|oos T|esesa|es,
¡tesaaa'|y, co oo: caaage vot|c aat|ets, |e-
caase:|ey ate oo: g||ts Yet, t|ey ate oo: tea||y
sa|es
For example, we sell v|e+::ocoaaaois:Io|aoc,
acceµt|ogµayaeot|oPo||s|catteocyWecaooo:
Page 83
|:iog Po|is|aooey |oae to |e|µ |ig|teo t|e tax
|a:ceoooAae:icaos,o:aseitioot|e:oatioosio
µ|aceoiAae:icao co||a:s, |ecaase Po|is| aooey
is soitca::eocy, ootacceµta||eoatsiceoiPo|aoc.
T|ePo|is|aooeyw|ic|wegetio:oa:w|eatcao
|esµeotoo|yioPo|aocWeaseatioyi:actioooi
it to µay Aae:icao ea|assy exµeoses io Po|aoc,
|ataostoiit isgiveoto t|e coaaaoistgove:o·
aeott|e:eto|ai|cstee|ai||saocot|e:iocast:ia|
µ|aots P:oceecsoioa:w|eatsa|estoPo|aoccao
|e asec to µ:ocace coaaocities w|ic| coaµete
wit| Aae:icao goocs. Po|aoc cao :ese|| soae oi
oa:w|eata|:oacio:Aae:icaoco||a:s,t|asacca·
aa|atiogc|aias oooa: go|c :ese:ve. :|e cao ase
soae oiit io|a:te: cea|s wit| ot|e: coaaaoist
coaot:ies, t|e:e|y eoa||iog t|ose coaot:ies to get
a coaaocity t|ey oeec aoc to cisµose oi ot|e:s
t|ey|aveio sa:µ|as
:eveoyea:saite:eoactaeotoit|eAg:ica|ta:a|
T:ace Deve|oµaeot aoc Assistaoce Act oi lº·!
( io: t|e µ:iaa:y µa:µose oi :ecaciog oa: ag:i-
ca|ta:a|sa:µ|ases j oa:gove:oaeot|aciosto:age
sa:p|as ia:a coaaocities wo:t| a|oat oioe |i|-
|ioo,!ccai||iooco||a:s ( sº,!cc,ccc,ccc. ccj(9)
a|aost tice as aac| as it |ac sto:ec io l º·!
w|eo t|e actwas µassec.
A secooca:y pa:pose oi t|e lº·! act was to
wiowo:|cwicei:ieocs|ip.Wit|iosixyea:s,aoti-
Aae:icao iee|iog |ac sp:eac ao:e wice|y aoc
:eac|ec |ig|e: pea|s oi ioteosity t|ao eve: |e-
io:e io oa: |isto:y Aae:icao ea|assies aoc io-
io:aatioo |i|:a:ies we:e ao||ec aoc :aosac|ec
ioa||pa:ts oit|ewo:|c, oa: ViceP:esiceot aoc
|iswiiewe:espataµooaocµe|tecwit|ga:|age
w|i|e oo a gooc·wi| | toa: a|:oac, oa: P:esiceot
waso:ce:ecto caoce| aµ|aooecgooc·wi| | t:ip to
|apao |ecaase oi aoti·Aae:icao :iotiog t|e:e.
l:oa lº·!t|:oag| lº´!, t|e looc·lo:·Peace
p:og:aacost Aae:icao taxµaye:s at |east : l |i|�
|ioo, ·cc ai||iooco||a:s ( s:l , ·cc,ccc, ccc. cc, . ''
Cove:oaeot statistics oo its owo oµe:atioos |ave
a|ways |eeo cooiasiog aoc coot:acicto:y, µa:tic-
a|a:|ywit| :ega:cto ia:a p:og:aas aoc io:eigo
aic. :ioce t|e |egioo|og oi tae Keooecy·joao-
soo acaioist:atioo io lº´l (w|eo gove:oaeot
oacia||y acoµtec t|e µo|icy t|at oews a|oat its
owo oµe:atioos s|oa|c |e ¨aaoagec¨ to µ:eseot
t|e µa||ic a iavo:a||e iaage, , ca::eot :e|ia||e
statistics a:e oiteo ooo·existeot.
:|oa|ct|e: l . · |i||ioo·co||a:costoit|e looc·
lo:·Peace µ:og:aa i:oa lº·! t|:oag| lº´! |e
accec to t|e !l . : |i||ioo·co||a: oet cost oi t|e
gove:oaeots ag:ica|ta:a| µ:og:aas i:oa lº··
t|:oag| lº´!, to get t|e tota| cost, to taxµaye:s,
oioa:gove:oaeot seûo:tstoso|vet|eia:aµ:o|-
|ea: Ii so, t|e iece:a| gove:oaeot s µ:og:aas
to saµµo:t ag:ica|ta:a| µ:ices aoc to cisµose oi
t|e:esa|tiogsa:µ|asescostat|east´·|i||iooco|-
|a:s io: t|e ·l ·yea: µe:ioc, lº·· t|:oag| lº´!.
T|is coes oot ioc|ace |i||ioos w|ic| gove:o-
aeot|assµeotto|e|µia:ae:s,t|:oag|t|eka:a|
£|ect:iícatiooAcaioist:atioo, t|ela:ae:s Hoae
Acaioist:atioo,t|elece:a|Laocßao|s,t|ela:a
C:ecit Acaioist:atioo, aoc so oo Yet, t|e µ:es-
eotµa:ity :atio io: ia:ae:s iocoae is eig|t µe:-
ceotage µoiots |ess t|ao io l º·c, |eio:e a|| t|e
sµeociog |egao.( 2,4)
1aviogiai|ecto so|ve t|eia:a·sa:p|asµ:o|-
|ea wit| t|e Ag:ica|ta:a| T:ace Deve|opaeot
aoc AssistaoceAct oi l º·!, £iseo|owe: sacaio�
ist:atioo, io lº·´, µ:ocacec a oew ¨so|atioo.¨
Iosteac oi µayiog ia:ae:s to cest:oy c:oµs aoc
aoiaa|sa|:eacy:aisec,ast|eDeaoc:ats|accooe
:c yea:s |eio:e, keµa||icaos ioitiatec :|e soi|
|ao| µayiog ovoe:s to |eeµ t|ei: |aoc ic|e
aoc oot:aiseaoyt|iog.
Lega|izec :ac|etee:iog io t|e gove:oaeots
ia:aµ:og:aasaa|tiµ|iec :aµic|y aoce:t|esoi|-
|ao| |aw.
T|e:e we:e g:eat exµaoses oi |aoc io easte:o
Co|o:aco aoc veste:o Ne|:as|a t|at coa|c |e
|oag|tio:sl · cc to s:·. cc aoac:e. Peoµ|ewit|
aooey|oag|tag:eatcea|oiitaocµatitiot|e
soi| |ao| io: seveo yea:s at s´. cc µe: ac:e eac|
yea:. ßy lº´·, t|ey |ac co||ectec i:oa t|e gov-
e:oaeot |o: coiog oot|iog s!. oo ao ac:e
oo|aoc that had cost them, on an average, about
|a|i t|at aaoaot Io soae iostaoces, | aocowoe:s
Pa 84
w|o got so||·|ao| µayaeots io: |eeµ|og t|e|:
|aoc | c| ea|sogott|eso|| coose:vat|oo se:v|ceto
µay¯·¯oit|ecostoiµatt|ogt|e|aoc|otogooc
µe:aaoeotg:ass,w|||e|twas|ot|eso|||ao|
Iot|eceeµ :oat|, µeoµ|ew|t| aooey |oag|t
wo:o·oat cottoo ia:as io: sª· cc ao ac:e aoc
¨|ao|ec¨ |tw|t| t|egove:oaeot io: l cyea:s at
s¯ cc ao ac:e eac| yea: At t|e saae t|ae, soae
oi t|e oew owoe:s got t|e gove:oaeot to µay
ºcV- oi t|e cost oi c|ea:|og t|e |c|e |aoc aoc
µ|aot|og |t |ot|a|e:.
Not a|| |aoc owoe:s w|o |ao|ec t|e|: so||
|ac eooag| caµ|ta| o: we:e w||||og to ase t|e|:
caµ|ta| (eveo w|t| gove:oaeot a|c, to |aµ:ove
t|e |aoc w|||e |t |ay |c|e Heoce, aac| oi t|e
|aoc ¨|ao|ec w|t| t|e gove:oaeot¨ was :a|oec.
Da:|ogt|eµastiewwee|s,I|ave|oo|ecataaoy
ac:es oi |aoc ( io:ae:|y, :|c| |oaay so| | , w||c|
|as |a|o aoasec |o t|e so|| |ao| s|oce t|e |ate
lº·c s :oae oi |t |s so |ac|y e:ocec t|at ao:e
t|ao · c¯ oit|e :|c| toµ so|| |as |eeo |ost io:·
eve: mac| oi |t |s a w||ce:oess oi weecs aoc
|:as|, ase|essio:any µ:ocact|veµa:µosew|t|oat
|eavyexµeoc|ta:eto :ec|a|aaoc:esto:e|t.
T|e:e was a µ:ov|s|oo |o t|e so||·|ao| |aw,
µatt|oga ||a|tois· ,cccoot|eaaoaott|at ooe
µe:soo coa|cget |o ooe yea: io: ¨|ao||og¨ |c|e
|aoc, ·`'|att|eµ:ov|s|oowaseasytoc|:caaveot.
Cat |o t|e ||g|·µ|a|os coaot:y oi Texas, io: ex-
aaµ|e, w|e:e |aoc coaes |o ||g µ|eces, a aao
coa|c |ay l csect|oos (:!cc ac:es, aoc µat t|e
w|o|e µ|ece |ot|e so|| |ao| at sº cc ao ac:e
io:a tota| ois·¯, :cc ccayea: T|et:|c| wasto
|ao| t|e |aoc |o t|e oaaes oi :e|at|ves so t|at
oo ooe ¡e:soogot ao:e t|ao s·, ccc a yea: i:oa
t|e gove:oaeot.
T|e Ta||aao case |s a c|ass|c |||ast:at|oo oi a
so||·|ao| oµe:at|oo Wayoe £. Ta||aao |oag|t
a :, º:c·ac:e:aoc| |o Co|o:aco io: sl ªº, .cc aoc
t|eo, t|:oag| a aaze oi coaµ||catec sa||eas|og
a::aogeaeots, µ|acec ª, º¯º ac:es oi t|e :aoc| |o
t|e so|| |ao||osac|awayt|at, |oteoyea:s, t|e
gove:oaeot woa|c µay ||a s.¯l,ccc io: co|og
oot||og Da:|og t|ose teo yea:s, Ta||aao o: a.s
ageots, woa|c |ave ase oi aµµ:ox|aate|y |a|i
t|e :aoc| Io sa|staoce, t|e iece:a| gove:oaeot
gaveWayoeTa||aaoasl ªº, .cc:aoc|aocsl ª l ,·
ºcc |o cas| |o :eta:o io: Ta||aaos ag:eeaeotto
cooot||og, ca:|og t|e i|:stteovea:soi||sowo·
e:s||µ, w|t| aµµ:ox|aate|y |a|i t|e :aoc|
(11)
ßeio:e sett|og aµ t||s cea|, Wayoe Ta||aao,
oo le|:aa:y l ! lº·¯, oat||oec |t to t|eDeµa:t·
aeotoiAg:|ca|ta:eageocv|o||scoaoty (K|owa
CoaotyAg:|ca|ta:a|:ta||||zat|ooCoaa|ttee, aoc
got oac|a| aµµ:ova|
(11)
Co t|e ot|e: |aoc, coos|ce: t|e )aaes We|:
caseWe|:owoecaº!!·ac:e:|ceia:a (oea:La|e
V|||age, A:|aosas \ w||c| |eva|aecatsªcc,ccc
Io A¡:||, l º:., ageots oit|eiece:a| gove:oaeot
so|cWe|:s|a:a ataact|ooio: s:c,cccto co||ect
ûoes |aµosec oo We|: io: ove:µ|aot|og ||s :|ce-
ac:eage allotments. We|: had sacrifced ||s ia:a
|oa i:a|t|ess atteaµt to s|owt|at t|e ia:a µ:o-
g:aa |s aocoost|tat|ooa| aoc t|at ia:ae:s waot
to |e i:ee aeo, oot coot:o||ec wa:cs oi gove:o-
aeot( 12) We|:sexµe:|eocecoot:asts s|a:µ|yw|t|
t|at oi aoot|e: :|ce µ:ocace: w|o, |o ooe yea:,
:ece|vec s!º:, ¯.· i:oa t|e iece:a| gove:oaeot
io: sa:µ|as :|ce
J|oag|tµ:ocesses oiµo||t|ca| |||e:a|s a:e:e-
vea|ec|ot|e:eco:coit|eº!t| Coog:ess, w||c|
eoactec t|eso||·|ao| |aw |o l º·: aat|o:|z|og
exµeoc|ta:e oi at |east ¯·c a||||oo co||a:s a
yea: |o µayaeots to | aocovoe:s io: ta||og µ:o·
cact|ve|aocoatoiase jast|eio:eµass|ogt|e
so||·|ao| |aw, t|e º!t| Coog:ess µassec (aoc
P:es|ceot£|seo|owe:aµµ:ovec, a||||aat|o:|z|og
t|e Lµµe: Co|o:aco k|ve: caa aoc |::|gat|oo
µ:oj ect to |::|gate aoc put |oculti vation ||g|
a:|c |aoc oeve: |eio:e ca|t|vatec.
(13)
Kennedy
to ma:c| i :, lº:l, P:es|ceotjo|o l. Keo·
oecy µ:oµosec a oew µ:og:aa to so|ve t|e ia:a
µ:obiea 1|e µ:og:aa was cevisec b· Dr. Wil­
|a:cW. Coc|:aoe, m|ooesotaecoooa|stw|o|ac
Page 85
|eeo Keooecys c||e| |a:a acv|se: ca:|og t|e
1960 caaµa|go.(14)
T|e Coc|:aoe µ|ao µ:esc:||ec a sa¡µ|y·aao·
ageaeot systea |ow||c| coaa|ttees o| |a:ae:s,
aoce: coot:o| o| t|e :ec:eta:y o| Ag:|ca|ta:e
(w|t| Coog:ess|av|og oo|y a oegat|veveto vote
| | |tc|saµµ:ovec, woa|c :ega|ateµ:ocact|ooaoc
|ocoaeo|Aae:|cao |a:ae:s T||ssc|eaewoa|c
|avec:eatec a systea s|a||a:to ag:|ca|ta:a| sys·
teas |ocoaaao|stcoaot:|es
Coog:ess :ej ectec t|e Coc|:aoe µ|ao |o 1961,
|atc| cexteoc ex|st|og |a:a µ:og:aas Coog:ess
a|so µassec Keooecy s £ae:geocy leec G:a|os
||||- providing for a rise in price supports for
|eecg:a|os,µayaeots |ocas|aoc ||oc |o: |a:a
e:sw|oag:eecto:ecaceac:eageo|co:oaocg:a|o
so:g|aas |y 20 to 40 µe:ceot aoc |oss o| e||g|·
||||ty|o:µ:|cesaµµo:tsoo|eecg:a|os|y|a:ae:s
w|o c|c oot µa:t|c|µate |o t|e ac:eage·:ecact|oo
µ|ao
Io 1962, Keooecy as|ec Coog:ess toaat|o:|ze
aaoc|||ecve:s|ooo|t|eCoc|:aoeµ|ao- e||a·
| oat|ogt|ela:ae:s Coaa|tteeµ:oµosa|o| 1961,
aoc e||a|oat|ogt|e µ:oµosa| t|at Coog:ess a|ao·
coo|ts|eg|s|at|ve|aoct|ooaocg:aott|e:ec:eta:y
o|Ag:|ca|ta:e aat|o:|ty to co aoyt||og |e |||es,
sa|j ect oo|y to coog:ess|ooa| veto Keooecys
1962 µ:oµosa|s :eta|oec t|e saµµ|y·aaoageaeot
|eata:e o| t|e 1961 Coc|:aoe µ|ao I||s woa|c
|aveµ:ov|cect|g|t c|ctato:|a| :eg|aeotat|oo o|
a|| |a:ae:s µ:ocac|og aaj o: coaaoc|t|es then
|o g:eat sa:µ|as (w|eat, co:o, g:a|o, so:g|aa,
aoc |a:|ey, .
T|e :ec:eta:y o|Ag:|ca|ta:e voa|c |ave been
empowered to allot acreages, tell ing farmers how
aaoy ac:es to µ|aot, |ow a+oy to |eave |c|e o:
µat to ot|e: ase, to gaa:aotee a ||g| µ:|ce |o:
aat|o:|zecc:oµs , to µay|a:ae:s |o:ootµ|aot|og
|c|eac:es o:, to g|vet|ea ¨|aoc ase¨ a|c |o:
aat|o:|zec ¨ot|e:ases ¨:oae¨ot|e:ases¨ sµec|·
ûec we:e so|| aoc wate: coose:vat|oo, ceve|oµ·
aeoto|:ec:eat|ooa| |ac|| |t|es, aoc w||c·|||eµ:es·
e:vat|oo.(15)
Dr. Cochrane ( creator of Kennedy'S supply­
management fara µ�ao) and Orville l:eeaao
(Keooecys :ec:eta:y o| Ag:|ca|ta:e, aca|ttec
t|att|esc|eaevoa|caeaog:aot|og (|y sa|e o:
g||t, a íece:a| |:aoc||se to |a:a( 16) T|e va|ae
o|aaaos|a:avoa|cceµeocootoot|eqaa||ty
of ||s 1 and or on the labor and investment he
µat|oto|aµ:oveaeots, |atoot|e||oco||ece:a|
|:aoc||se |e |ac
1o 1962, Coog:ess aga|o :ej ectec Keooecys
saµµ|y·aaoageaeot|a:aµ|ao,|atc|ccoove:tt|e
emergency |eec·g:a|os µ:og:aa o| 1961 |oto a
permanent µ:og:aa aat|o:|z|og t|e :ec:eta:y
o| Ag:|ca|ta:e to saµµo:t |eec·g:a|os µ:|ces (as
||g| as 90¨0 o| µa:|ty, , :eqa|:|og oo ac:eage
| |a|ts o: ot|e: µ:ocact|oo ca:ta||aeot T||s µe:·
aaoeotµ:og:aa o|saµµo:t|og|eec·g:a|os µ:|ces
( sa|cto |eoeecec |ecaase o| ove:·µ:ocact|oo o|
|eecg:a|os , weot|oto eûect |o 1964. ( 15) Io 1964,
Coog:esseoactecaocP:es|ceotjo|osooaµµ:ovec
a |||| aat|o:|z|og 47 a||||oo ce||a:s |o: t|:ee
|::|gat|oo µ:oj ects |o t|e Lµµe: Co|o:aco k|ve:
ßas|o µ:oj ects w||c| w||| µat 65 ,000 ac:es o|
|aoc |oto production of feed grains. ( 17)
Io1962, Coog:essa|soaat|o:|zect|e :ec:eta:y
o| Ag:|ca|ta:eto coocact a v|eat :e|e:eocaa |o
1 963 to cete:a|oe w|et|e: t|e saµµ|y·aaoage·
aeot systea s|oa|c |e acoµtec |o: w|eat
( l5 )
T|e Keooecy aca|o|st:at|oo ao||||zec t|e :e·
soa:ces o| t|e |ece:a| gove:oaeot to get a :e·
soaoc|og yes vote |o t|e w|eat :e|e:eocaa o|
may, 1 963 - hoping to show that America' s
|a:ae:s waotec ||g| µ:|ce saµµo:ts aoc t|g|t
:eg|aeotat|oo ßatt|ew|eat|a:ae:s ( cesµ|tea|l
t|eµ:est|geaoc µove:,aoceveo t|:eats, o|íec·
eral ofcialdom) voted no. Consequently, no farm
|eg|s|at|oowasµassec|o 1963, aocoooeo|aajo:
cooseqaeoce |o 1964.
Johnson
P resident Johnson proposed nothing new in his
Agriculture Message of 1965 . He :ev|ve1 t|e
Page 86
Keooecy·Coc|:aoe µ:oµosa| |o: aa|iog |a:ae:s
sa|j ectto|ece:a| |:aoc|ise t|oag||e cic oot
statet|eµ:oµosa|ioj astt|atwa·P:esiceot]o|o·
soo:ecoaaeocect|at|a:ae:s |ea||owec to se||
or |ease t|ei: |ece:a| acreage a||otaeots a
µ:actice. oow i||ega| w|ic| |as µ:ocacec aao·
aa|ti·ai||ioo·co||a:scaoca|s iot|e µast Iaagioe
t|e scaoca|oas µ:oûtee:iog at taxµa·e:s exµeose
w|ic| wi|| occa: i| t|e µ:actice is |ega|izec. Io·
civicaa|s w|o |oow t|e :ig|t µeoµ|e, o: v|o
saµµo:t t|e :ig|t µo|itica| caocicates, cao get
|ece:a|ac:eagea||otaeots w|ic| t|eyaay se|| to
ot|e:s.
P:esiceot)o|osooas|ecCoog:esstosaµµleaeot
o:eseot |a:a µ:og:aas wit| a ¨|oog·te:a C:oµ·
|aoc Acj astaeot P:og:aa¨ , |at t|is is ae:e|y
ao e|a|o:atioo o| t|eKeooecy ¨Laoc Lse¨ µ:o·
µosa|s o| 1961 aoc 1962 a sc|eae to ta|e
c:oµ|aoc permanently oat o| ag:ica|ta:a| µ:ocac·
tioo, |y |a·iog it |o: µa||ic µa:|s o: |a|es, o:
|y µay|og owoe:s to ceve|oµ it |o: iocast:ia|,
:ec:eatiooa|, o: ot|e: ases.(1)
What To Do
¡o ea:| Coog:ess, |o: seve:a| yea:s, L :. keµ-
:eseotative £ koss Acai: ( Iociaoa keµa||icao,
|as aace t|e only µ:oµosa| w|ic| woa|c really
so|veoa:|a:aµ:o||ea |e|asiot:ocacec|egis|a-
tioo to :eµea| t|e Ag:ica|ta:a| Acastaeot Act
o|l º·º, asaaeocec,t|asgett|ogt|egove:oaeot
oato| t|e |a:aiog|asioess, | eaviog |a:ae:s |:ee
toso|vet|ei:owo µ:o||eas iot|ei:owoway.
T|eAcai:ßi|| (w|ic|m:.Acai:µ|aostoiot:o-
cace agaio io t|eµ:eseotCoog:ess, ae:.ts eoe:-
getic saµµo:t |:oa eve:y Aae:icao ( |a:ae: aoc
a:|aocwe||e:a|i|e, w|owaotsto:esto:eAae:i·
cao coostitatiooa| gove:oaeot Coove:se|y, eve:·
|a:aµ:oµosa|t|as|a:aace|yP:esiceot)o|osoo
cese:ves eoe:getic oµµositioo.
* * * * *
Reports on an American Tragedy
I am aos: g:ate|a| to :eace:s o| t||s Report
w|o |aveaoswe:ec ay µ|ea |o: wice ci:ca|atioo
o| ¨Civi|kig|ts C:Civi|Wa: :¨maoy,tow|oa
·oa|aveseott|atissaeo|t|eReport, |aveas|ec
|o: ao:e cetai|s.
T|e |o||owiog six Reports, avai|a||e at 25c
eac|,o:a| | six |o:sl cc, cea|wit|aaoyasµects
o| t|e |a::owiog :ace µ:o||ea.
Vol. 9, No. 25 - Washington: The Model City
Vol. 9, No. 27 ¯The American Tragedy
Vol. 9, No. 28 - More Equal Than Equal
Vol. 1 0, No. 2 1 -Discrimination In Reverse
Vol. 1 0, No. 22 - Communism In The Civil
Rights Movement
Vol. I I, No. 8 - Civil Rights Or Civil War?
WHO I S DA N S MO O T ?
Born in Missouri, reared in Texas, Dan Smoot went to SMU getting BA and MA degrees, 1938 and 1940. In
1941, he joined the faculty at Harvard as a Teaching Fellow, doing graduate work for a doctorate in Americn civili·
zation. From 1942 to 1951 , he was an FBI agent : three and a half years on communist investigations; two yers on
FBI headquarters staf; almost four years on general FBI cases ill various places
.
He resigned from the FBI and,
from 195 1 to 1955, was commentator on national radio and television programs, giving both sides of controversial
issues. In July, 1955, he started his present proft-supported, free-enterprise business : publishing The Dan Smoot
Report, a weekly magazine available by subscription; and producing a weekly news-analysis radio and television
broadcast, available for sponsorship by reputable business frms, as an advertising vehicle. The Report and broadcst
give one side of important issues : the side that presents documented truth using the American Constitution Uô U yard­
stick. If you think Smoot's materials are efective against socialism and communism, you can help immensely-help get
subribers for the Report, commercial sponsors for the brodcast.
Page 87
I a:geyoa to |e|µ g|ve aax|aaa c|st:||at|oo
toall six oit|eseReports. T|ey¡:eseot||sto:|ca|
aoc ca::eot |oio:aat|oo, oot ava||a||ee|sew|e:e,
oo a µ:o||ea w||c| |as |ecoae ao Aae:|cao
T:agecy Pa|||c aoce:staoc|og oi t|e µ:o||ea
aast µ:ecece so|at|oo
C:ce:t|esetois|xReports oow,aocµatt|ea
|ot|e|aocsoiot|e:skat||ess|eace:sa:eaao|µ·
a|at|ogot|e:s

asµawos|oa i:|g|tia||ycaoge:oas
:evo|at|ooa:yoµe:at|ooWecan stoµt||s cest:ac·
t|oo oi o:ce:|y soc|ety
FOOTNOTES
( 1 ) "Text of President Johnson's Feb. 4 Agriculture Message," Con·
gressional Quartedy leekly Repo,·t, February 5, 1965, pp.
2 1 2-5
( 2 ) U. S. Agl'iCIltul'al Policy In The Postwar Yean " 1945- 1 963,
Congressional Quarterly Service, 1963, 89 pp.
( 3 ) Source: Department of Agriculture, The World Almanac fo,'
1965, New York World-Telegram Corp. , 1965, p. 752
( 4) Speech by U. S. Senator Jack Miller ( Rep. , Iowa) , Congres­
sional Record, Februar 8, 1965, pp. 2223- 5 (dail y)
( 5 ) Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to
1 957, U. S. Bureau of the Census, 1960, pp. 9, 36, 47, 280;
Subscription:
1962 Bound Volume
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Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1 962, Bureau of the
Census, 1 962, p. 61 0; The World Almanac for 1965, New
York World-Telegram Corp. , 1 965, pp. 284, 677
( 6) Interlocking Subvenion in Government Departments, Report
of the Internal Security Subcommittee of the U. S. Senate
Judiciary Committee, July 30, 1 953, p. 44 .
( 7) The World Almanac fOi' 1 965, New York World-Telegram
Corp. , 1965, pp. 694, 71 3
( 8 ) Food For Peace: Building a Better lorld, Agency for Inter­
national Development of the State Department, March, 1963,
20 pp.
(9) Newsletter by U. S. Representative Harold C. Ostertag ( Rep. ,
N. Y. ) , February 1 5 , 1962
( 10) "Agriculture Act of 1956, " United States Code; 84th Congress,
Second Session, 1 956, Vo!' 2, West Publishing Co. and Edward
Thompson Co., pp. 25 57-83
( 1 1 ) Speech by u. S. Senator John J. Williams ( Rep. , Dela. ) , Con­
'
gressional Record, February 24, 1961, pp. 2473-4 ( daily ) ,
2649-50 ( bound)
( 1 2 ) Extension of Remarks of U. S. Representative Paul Findley
( Rep. , II!. ) , Congressional Record, May 1 , 1 962, p. A 31 85
( dail y)
( 1 3 ) "Colorado River Storage Project - Authority to Construct,
Operate and Maintain," United States Code; 84th Congress,
Second Session, 1 956, Vol . 1, West Publishing Co. and Edward
Thompson Co. , pp. 1 33-40
( 1 4) Congressional Quarterly Almanac fOI' 1 961 , pp. 1 04-41
( 1 5 ) Congressional Quarterly Almanac for 1962, pp. 94- 143
( 1 6) U. S. News & World Report, June 1 1 , 1 962, pp. 54-5
( 1 7 ) Congressional QUCterly Weekly Report, August 7, 1964, p.
1 685 ; August 28, 1964, p. 1976; and September 25, 1964, p.
2262
NAME (Please Prin)
STREET ADDRESS
CITY STATE ZI CO!
(Texans Add 2% for Sale Tax)
THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, BOX 95 38, DALLAS, TEXAS 75214 TAYLOR 1-2303
Page 88
·
·
·
ÏMË
1
f1 Smoot le,olt
Vol. I I , No. 1 2
(Broadcast 500)
March 22, 1 965
Dallas, Texas
DAN SMOOT
EARL WARRE N COURT-PART I
J |eta:aoi| io A|a|aaaisooe µ:ocact oi t|e so·ca|| ec civi|·:ig|ts aoveaeot, a coaaaoist
c:eatioo ioteocec to ioaeot :acia| civi| wa: (as s|owo io ¨Civi| kig|ts C: Civi| Wa: :¨, t|e
le|:aa:y ::, l º´·, issae oi t|is Report ) .
T|eooo·coaaaoistageocy w|ic| |as cooe t|eaosttoµ:eciµitatecivi| ta:aoi | ist|e :aµ:eae
Coa:toit|e Loitec:tatesaoce: C|ieijastice £a:| Wa::eo.
T|e µ:eseot oioe :aµ:eae Coa:t )astices a:e.
Hugo Black, Roosevelt appointee, took oath of ofce on August 1 9, 1 937; William O. Doug­
las, Roosevelt appointee, took ofce April 1 7, 1 939; Tom Clark, Truman appointee, August
24, 1 949; Earl Warren, Eisenhower appointee, October 5, 1 953; John Marshall Harlan, Eisen­
hower appintee, March 28, 1 955; William J. Brennen, Jr., Eisenhower appointee, October
1 6, 1 956; Potter Stewart, Eisenhower appointee, October 1 4, 1 958; Byron R. White, Kennedy
appointee, April 1 6, 1 962; Arthur J. Goldberg, Kennedy appointee, October 1 , 1 962. ( 1
)
T|eaµµoiotaeotoi£a:|Wa::eo was a µo|itica| µayoû. T|e Ca|iio:oia ce|egatioo at t|e ke·
µa||icao Natiooa| Cooveotioo oi l º·: was µ|ecgec to £a:| Wa::eo Wa::eo :e|easec t|e ce|e·
gates tovoteio:Geoe:a|Dwig|tD.£iseo|owe:, t|as assa:iog £iseo|owe: s ooaioatioo¨'
Aite: a|aost l : yea:s oo t|e Coa:t, Wa::eo is sti||eit|e: a|ysaa||yigoo:aot a|oat, o: ceeµ|y
|osti|e towa:c, t|e L. : Coostitatioo aoc Aae:icaoj a:icica|µ:iociµ|es £iseo|owe:coa|c|a:c|y
|ave ioaoc a µ:oaioeot µe:soo |ess qaa|iûec to |e C|iei)astice, yet, Wa::eo coes qaa|iiy as a
:acica|
.
µo|itica| |eace:. T|e :aµ:eae Coa:t |as |ecoae ao £a:| Wa::eo Coa:t.
toe )astice w|o aost coosisteot|y saµµo:ts Wa::eoscecisioosisHagoß|ac|. Ioiº·¯, Hago
ß|ac|wasaLoitec :tates :eoato: i:oaA|a|aaa. A µassiooate µa:tisao oi t|e oew cea|, :eoato:
ß|ac|ioag|t |a:c io: P:esiceot l:ao||io D. kooseve|t scoa:t·µac|iogsc|eae. T|esc|eaeiai|ec,
|atkooseve|t:ewa:cec ß|ac| |yaµµoiotiog|ia Aagast l :, l º·¯ to t|e :aµ:eae Coa:t.
THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, a magazine published every week by The Dan Smoot Report, Inc., mail­
ing address P. O. Box 9538, Lakewo Station, Dallas, Texas 75214; Telephone TAylor 1 -2303 (office
address 6441 Gaston Avenue). Subscription rates: $1 0.00 a year, $6.00 for 6 months, $18.00 for two years.
For frst class mail $12.50 a year; by airmail ( including APO and FPO) $14.50 a year. Reprints of specifc
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Add 2% sales tax on all orders originating in Texas for Texas delivery.
Copyright by Dan Smoot, 1965. Second class mail privilege authorized at Dallas, Texas.
No Reproductions Permitted.
Page 89
T|oag| t|e :eoate |ac j ast ceieatec koosevelt' s
eûo:t to µac| t|e Coa:t wit| leitist :acicals, it
qaic|ly cooû:aec t|e ooaioatioo oi :eoato:
Blac|w|owasaleace:aaoogleitist:acicals.·'
As sooo as Hago ßlac| |ecaae ao Assoc|ate
]astice, t|e :aµ:eae Coa:t |egaotowea|eo t|e
coct:ioe oi stare decisis aoc t|as sta:tec w|at
is cesc:i|ec oo µage ·´· oi :eoate Docaaeot
No. l ¯c ( º:c Coog:ess, :c :essiooj as a ¨coo-
stitatiooal :evolatioo. ¨

'
·
Stare decisis is ao a||:eviatioo oi a Latio ex-
µ:essioo aeaoiog ¨to staoc |y cecisioos aoc oot
to cista:| settlec aatte:s.¨ Io law, stare decisis
aeaost|ecoct:ioe,o:µolicy,oot|eµa:toicou:ts,
oi iollowiog µ:iociµles laic cowo |o µ:evioas
cecisioos, aoless t|ey coot:aveoe t|e o:cioa:y
µ:iociµles oij astice.
T|e coct:ioe oi stare decisis was esseotial to
t|eceveloµaeotoi£oglis|coaaoolawaocoi
all law io t|e Loitec :tates. W|eo t|e |ig|est
coa:t :eµeatecly :eve:ses its owo cecisioos, it is
sayiog t|at w|at was legal yeste:cay is illegal
tocay|ataayagaio|elegaltoao::ow,ceµeociog
oot|eaooc oit|ecoa:t. W|eo sac| a state oi
aûai:s µ:evails io: a loog tiae, eveo t|e aost
civilizecsocietywill|ecoaelawless, |eµto:ce:ly
ooly |y io:ce oi cictato:s|iµ.
Io l º·¯, t|e :aµ:eae Coa:t |egao to lay t|e
g:oaodwo:| io: sac| a coocitioo io Aae:ica,
w|eo it sta:tec :eµaciatiog t|e aocieot coct:ioe
t|atacoa:taastiollowt|eµ:ececeotoi itsowo
cecisioos Betweeoma:c|:¯, lº·¯, aoc]aoe l !,
l º!·, t|e:aµ:eaeCoa:t:eve:secea:lie:cecisioos
oocoostitatiooalqaestioosioioa:teeocases.'''
Io l º!!, ]astices Cweo ]. ko|e:ts aoc lelix
l:ao|ia:te: |egao cisseotiog, sayiog t|e Coa:t
was cisc:ecitiog itseli |y :eve:siog its owo ce-
cisioos. jastice ko|e:ts saic t|e Coa:t's i:eqaeot
:eve:sals oi ea:Iie: cecisicos teocec to |:iog ac-
j acicatioos oi t|e :aµ:eae Coa:t ¨ioto t|e saae
class as a :est:ictec :ail:oac tic|et, gooc io: t|is
cay aoc t:aio ooly.¨

''
T|is c:iticisa i:oa wit|io t|e Coa:t slowec
dowo t|e e:osioo oit|e g:eat p:iociple oi stare
decisis aotil£a:lWa::eo|ecaaeC|iei]astice
io lº··.
1o Brown versus Board of Education, may l ¯,
lº·!, £a:lWa::eo ( saµµo:tec |yal| ot|e: aea-
|e:s oi t|e Coa:t\ :eve:sec ao l ºº´ :aµ:eae
Coa:t cecisioo w|ic| |ac |elc t|at :acial seg:e-
gatioo ioµa|licsc|oolsiscoostitatiooal, iiseg:e-
gatec:acesa:eµ:oviceceqaaliacilities.(4)
Co µ:evioas occasioos w|eo t|e Coa:t |ac:e-
ve:sec itseli, t|e j astices |ac at least µ:eteocec
to |e iollowiog |ooest coovictioo a|oat w|at
t|eCoostitatiooaeaos. Iot|esc|ool seg:egatioo
case,Wa::eoacaittect|att|eloa:teeot|Aaeoc-
aeot, as w:itteo, was oot ioteocec to aûect t|e
oµe:atioo oi µa|lic sc|ools. He saic, |oweve:,
t|at, io view oi ¨aoce:o¨ sociological oµioioos,
t|eloa:teeot| Aaeocaeots|oalc|einterpreted
as aûectiog :acial seg:egatioo io sc|ools.(4)
Wa::eo :eliec oo w:itiogs oi coaaaoist-
i:oote:s, io µ:eie:eoce to t|e Coostitatioo io-
claciogAn American Dilemma, |yCaooa:my:-
cal, :wecis| socialist wit| a coaaaoist·i:oot
:eco:c. Io t|is |oo|, my:cal exµ:esses cooteaµt
io: t|e Loitec :tates Coostitatioo.(5)
Co may l¯, lº·!, t|eWa::eoCoa:tootooly
a|aocooec stare decisis aoc lit a iase toac|iog
oût|eexµlosive lawlessoesst|atiss|atte:iogoa:
society,itcicsoaet|iogeveowo:se. iteoaociatec
t|e coct:ioe t|at t|e L. :. :aµ:eae Coa:t cao
c|aoget|eCoostitatiooatwill,wit|oat:ega:cto
law, coostitatiooal aeaoiog, o: µ:ececeot.
ßelowa:esaaµliogsoiWa::eoCoa:tcecisioos
siocemay,lº·!,w|eot|eCoa:tasa:µecaat|o:|ty
to co aoyt|iog it µleases wit| t|e Coostitatioo,
t|et:acitioos,t|e laws, t|egove:oaeots,aoct|e
µeoµle oit|eLoitec :tates.
:T£V£N£L:CNCA:£.CoAµ:il:, lº·´,t|e
Wa::eoCoa:tove:ta:oect|e coovictioo oi:teve
Nelsoo ( acaittec coaaaoist µa:ty leace:j w|o
|ac |eeo giveo a :c·ye+: seoteoce io lº·z io:
violatiogt|ePeoosylvaoiastates�citioolaw. T|e
Coa:tsaict|e:ait|Actoil º!cg|vest|eiece:al
gove:oaeot exclasive j a:iscictioo io t|e ñelc oi
secitioo.(6)
Pag 9
T|e ·a|t| Act ei l º!c sµec|ûca||y µ:ev|ces
t|at.
" . . . nothing in this title shall be held to take
away or impair the jurisdiction of the courts of
the several states."
Ceaose| ie: t|e ·tate ei Peoosy|vao|a ca||ec
atteot|eote t||sµ:ev|s|eo, aoc a|se |ot:ecacec a
|ette: i:ea L. ·. keµ:eseotat|ve Hewa:c ·a|t|
(V|:g|o|a Deaec:at, w|e w:ete t|e ·a|t| Act,
say|og t|at, |o µass|og t|e ·a|t| Act, Ceog:ess
oeve:|ac ¨t|eia|otestoet|eo¨ eioa|||iy|ogstate
|aws.
Neoet|e|ess,£a:|Wa::eocec|a:ec.
"The conclusion is inescapable that Congress
has intended to occupy the feld of sedition. "( S)
TH£CA·£Cl·LßV£k·IV£l£D£kAL£m-
PLCY££· T|e·aaaa:··asµeos|eoAc:eilº·c
aat|e:|zeciece:a|ageoc|esteû:e|oewoceaaa-
o|stsi:eaiece:a|j e|s ·eoate:Ka:| maoct, w|e
|e|µecw:|tet|e|aw,sa|c|ts|oteotwaste:eaeve
all sa|ve:s|ves i:eaall iece:a|j e|s.
Co)aoel l , lº·´,t|eWa::eoCea:t|e|ct|at
t|e Act aµµ||ec eo|y te iece:a| eaµ|eyees | o
seos|t|ve µes|t|eos(7) T||s eµeoec t|e cee: ie:
|aoc:ecseiû:ecceaaao|ststeceaaoc:e|ostate-
aeot |o geve:oaeot j e|s, w|t| |ac| µay(2 )
·LCCHCW£kCA·£ Ha::y·|ec|ewe:wasao
assec|ateµ:eiesse:atß:ee||yoCe||ege. T|eNew
Ye:| C|:· ßea:c ei H|g|e: £cacat|eo û:ec ||a
ie:| ove||ogt|el|it| Aaeocaeotaoc :eias|og
te aoswe: qaest|eos a|eat ceaaao|sts, w|||e
aoce: |ote::egat|eo |y a sa|ceaa|ttee ei t|e
L · ·eoate Co Aµ:|| º. lº·´, t|e Wa::eo
Cea:t|e|ct|att|eßea:c|acv|e|atec·|ec|ewe: s
ceost|tat|eoa| :|g|ts'· ( t|eag| t|e Ceost|tat|eo
gaa:aoteesoe :|g|ttea j e|, T:aosc:|µts eit|e
sa|ceaa|ttee |ea:|ogs s|ewec t|at ·|ec|ewe:
|oew |e wea|c |e û:ec ie: :eiasa| te aoswe:
qaest|eos , |at t|e Wa::eo Cea:t ia|se|y asse:tec
t|at t|e µ:eiesse: c|c oet |oew |e wea|c |ese
||sj e|ie::eiasa|teaoswe:.T|eßea:cµet|t|eoec
ie: a :e-|ea:|og. T|e Wa::eo Cea:t aca|ttec
|av|og a|sstatec t|e iacts, |at ceo|ec t|e :e·
|ea:|og. As a:esal:of :u|scase, New York City
|ac te :e|ostate, aoc g|ve |ac| µay te, seve:a|
teac|e:s w|e |ac |eeo û:ec ie: ceaaao|st ac·
t|v|t|es. ·|ec|ewe: c:ewao|oceao|oeis!c,ccc
i:ea taxµaye:s. ··
KCNIG·ß£kG AND · CHWAk£ CA·£·.
T|e Ca||ie:o|a ßa:Asso|at|eo:eiasecaea|e:-
s||µ te kaµ|ae| Keo|gs|e:g |ecaase |e wea|c
oetaoswe: qaest|eos a|eatw|et|e: |e|ac eve:
|eeoaceaaao|st T|eCa|| ie:o|a·aµ:eaeCea:t
aµ|e|c t|e Assec|at|eo T|e New mex|ce ßa:
Assec|at|eo :eiasec aea|e:s|| µ te kace|µ|
·c|wa:e,ûoc|og|.aae:a||yaoût|ecaaseeiµast
aea|e:s||µ |o t|e ceaaao|st µa:ty aoc |ecaase
eitwea::estsie: c:|a|oa| syoc|ca||sa T|eNew
mex|ce ·aµ:eae Cea:t aµ|e|c t|e Assec|at|eo
Comay´,lº·:, t|eWa::eoCea:t:eve:sect|e
·aµ:eae Cea:ts ei Ca|| ie:o|a aoc New mex|ce,
|e|c|og t|at :eiasa| ei ßa: Assec|at|eo aea|e:-
s||µs |ac v|e|atec Keo|gs|e:g s aoc ·c|wa:es
:|g|tsaoce:t|elea:teeo:| Aaeocaeot(9)
)£NCK·CA·£. CoAµ:||28, l º·c, C||oteo£.
)eoc|s, ao|eo emc|a| | o New mex|ce, û|ec ao
amcav|t (as :eqa|:ec |y t|e Tait-Ha:t|ey |a|e:
|aw, , swea:|ogt|at|ewasoet a aea|e: eit|e
ceaaao|st µa:ty.
Ls|og lßI ev|ceoce te µ:eve t|at )eoc|s was
a aea|e: ei t|e ceaaao|stµa:ty w|eo |e û|ec
t|atamcav|t,t|eDeµa:taeotei)ast|ceµ:esecatec
Ieoc|s ie: µe:ja:y T|e iece:a| c|st:|ct cea:t | o
New mex|ce ceov|ctec )eoc|s, aoc t|e c|:ca|t
cea:t ei aµµea|s aµ|e|c t|e ceov|ct|eo.
At ||s t:|a|,)eoc|s wasg|veo ia|| eµµe::ao|tv
teiacea||ei||saccase:s|oeµeocea:t Ne|oie:·
aat|eosaµµ||ec|yaooaaec|oie:aaotswasasec
aga|ost||a. Hewasµe:a|ttecte exaa|oe eve:y
µ|ece ei ev|ceoce asec te µ:evet|at |e |ac l|�c
aoce: eat|.
Co )aoe ª, lº·:, t|e Wa::eo Cea:t :eve:sec
|ewe:cea:ts-say|ogt|at]eoc|ss|ea|c|ave|eeo
µe:a|ttec te see all ceoûceot|a| lßI :eµe:ts eo
ceaaao|staeet|ogsw||c|)eoc|swas accasec ei
atteoc|og T|e ·aµ:eae Cea:t e:ce:ec a oew
t:|a| ie: )eoc|s Ioasaac| as t|e geve:oaeot
wea|c |ave te :evea| te )eoc|s aoc ||s |awye:s
virtually everything the FBI knows about com­
aao|st act|v|ty |o t|e ·tate ei New mex|ce, t|e
Pag 91
Deµa:taeot oi )ast|ce 1ec|1e1 oot to t:y )eoc|s
aga|o.

...
·
WATKIN: CA:£ Ioswo:o test|aooy |eio:e
t|eHoaseCoaa|tteeooLo·Aae:|cao Act|v|t|es,
)o|oA. Wat||os, a |a|o:ao|ooomc|a|, a1a|tte1
tocoaaao|stact|v|t|es|at:eiase1toaoswe:qaes·
t|oosa|oatcoaaao|st act|v|t|es oi||s assoc|ates.
He c|a|ae1 oo coost|tat|ooa| µ:|v||ege, |at as·
se:te1t|attbCoaa|ttee|a1oo:|g|ttoas|||a
sac|qaest|oos. Wat||oswast:|e1ao1coov|ctec
io: cooteaµt oi Coog:ess.
Co)aoe17, 1957, t|eWa::eoCoa::ove:ta:oe1
||s coov|ct|oo, say|og |t 1|1 so ¨w|t| coosc|oas
awa:eoess oi t|e ia:·:eac||og :aa|ûcat|oos t|at
cao io||ow i:oa a 1ec|s|oo oit||soata:e. ¨

··'
:W££zYCA:£.W|eoqae�t|ooe1ao1e:oat|
|y t|e New Haaµs||:e Atto:oey Geoe:a|, Paa|
m. :weezy (µ:oiesso: at t|e :tate Lo|ve:s|tyj
1eo|e1 aea|e:s||µ |o t|e coaaao|st µa:ty, |at
:eiase1toaoswe:qaest|oosa|oata||ege1assoc|a·
t|oo w|t| coaaao|sts ao1 a|oat a||egat|oos t|at
|e |o1oct:|oate1 ||s sta1eots w|t| coaaao|st
|1eas. T|eNew Haaµs||:e :aµ:eae Coa:t |e|1
:weezy|ocooteapt. Co)aoe17, 1957, t|eWa:·
:eoCoa:t:eve:se1t|e:tateCoa:t,)ast|ceI:ao|·
ia:te:|o|1|og, |oa cooca::|ogoµ|o|oo,t|at state
omc|a|s|aveoo:|g|ttoqaest|oot|e |e||eis ao1
assoc|at|oos oi µ:oiesso:s |o state |ost|tat|oos.

···
:ACH£k CA:£. T|e Wa::eo Coa:t :eve:se1
two ie1e:a|coa:tsao1setas|1et|ecoov|ct|oooi
Ha::y :ac|e: io: cooteaµt |o :eias|ogtote||t|e
:eoate Iote:oa| :eca:|ty :a|coaa|ttee w|et|e.
|ewas ¨a aea|e: oit|eLawye:s :ect|oooit|e
Coaaao|st Pa:ty. ¨ Io t|esecoo1 :ac|e: aµµea|,
t|e Coa:t aga|o :eve:se1 t|e coa:t oi aµµea|s
ao1 sa|1 t||s qaest|oo was oot µe:t|oeot to t|e
:a|·coaa|ttees|ovest|gat|oo T|eCoa:t:eiase1
to |ea: aoy a:gaaeot i:oa gove:oaeot |awye:s
:eµ:eseot|og t|e :eoate :a|coaa|ttee.

·
·
·
WITKCVICH CA:£. T|e Iaa|g:at|oo ao1
Nat|ooa||ty Act oi 1952 µ:ov|1es t|at aoy a||eo
aga|ostw|oat|e:e|saûoa|o:1e:oi1eµo:tat|oo
sba|| ¨g|ve |oio:aat|oo ao1e: oat| as to ||s
oat|ooal|ty, c|:caastaoces,|a||ts,assec|at|oosao1
act|v|t|es, ao1sacbot|e�|oio:aat|oo . . ast|e
AttomeyGeoe:a|aay1eeaûtao1µ:oµe:. ¨ T|e
Wa::eo Coa:t |e|1 t|at, ao1e: t||s statate, t|e
Atto:oey Geoe:a| 1|1 oot |ave aat|o:|ty to as|
W|t|ov|c| t||s qaest|oo.
"Since the order of deportation was entered
in your case on June 25, 1 953, have you attended
any meetings of the Communist Party of the
U .S.A.?"( 1
4
)
YAT£: CA:£. Iot|ecaseoiYates, etal. , 14
coaaao|sts|oCa||io:o|awe:ecoov|cte1ao1seo·
teoce1to µ:|sooio:a1vocat|ogove:t|:ow oi t|e
Lo|te1 :tates gove:oaeot |y io:ce ao1 v|o|eoce,
|o v|o|at|oo oit|e :a|t| Act. Co)aoe 17, 1957,
t|e Wa::eo Coa:t o:1e:e1 oat:|g|t acqa|tta| io:
ûve oi t|e coaaao|sts, oew t:|a|s io: t|e ot|e:
o|oe. Tbe Coa:t |e|1 t|at a1vocat|og io:c|||e
ove:t|:ow oi oa: gove:oaeot, eveo ¨w|t| ev||
|oteot,¨| sootav|o|at|oooitbe :a|t| Act |i t|e
a1vocacy|s¨1|vo:ce1 i:oaaoyeiio:tto|ost|gate
act|oo to t|at eo1. ¨

·'·
CCmmLNI:T P A k TY k£GI:TkATICN
CA:£. C|t|og µ:ov|s|oos oi t|e :a|ve:s|ve Ac·
t|v|t|esCoot:o|Actoi1950 ao1oit|eCoaaao|st
Coot:o| Act oi 1954, t|e :a|ve:s|ve Act|v|t|es
Coot:o| ßoa:1 ( :ACßj o:1e:e1 t|e coaaao|st
µa:ty to :eg|ste:w|t| t|e Atto:oey Geoe:a| as a
coaaao|st·act|oo o:gao|zat|oo ao1e: io:e|go
1oa|oat|oo. T|e Ie1e:a| D|st:|ct Coa:t ao1 t|e
Ie1e:a| Coa:t oi Aµµea|s io: t|e D|st:|ct oi
Co|aa||a|ot| aµ|e|1t|e :ACß :a||og, |attbe
coaaao|st µa:ty :eiase1 to :eg|ste:.
CoAµ:||30, 1956, t|eWa::eoCoa:t|e|1t|at
t|e µa:ty 1|1 oot |ave to :eg|ste: |ecaase |t
c|a|ae1 t|at soaeoit|e ev|1eoce aga|ost |twas
c|oa1e1.


·
Co)aoe5, 1961, t|eCoa:t (w|t|)ast|cesWa:·
:eo,ß|ac|,Doag|as,ao1ß:eooaodissenting) aµ·
|e|1t|e:a|ve:s|veAct|v|t|esCoot:o|Actoi1950
ao1 o:1e:e1 t|e coaaao|st µa:ty to :eg|ste:.

·¯·
:a|seqaeot|y, a | owe: ie1e:a| coa:t |e|1tbatt|e
coaaao|stµa:ty1|1not |aveto:eg|ste: (|ecaase
oi I|it| Aaeo1aeot µ:otect|oo aga|ost se|i·|o·
c:|a|oat|ooj . Co)aoes, 1964, t|eWa::eoCoa:t
( w|tb)ast|ceW||teootµa:t|c|µat|ogj :eiase1to
:ev|ew t|e |owe: coa:t :a||og. Io t||s o11 way,
t|e Wa::eo Coa:t :eve:se1 |ts )aoe 5, 1961, 1e-
Pag 92
c|s|eow||c| |ace:ce:ect|eceaaao|st µa:ty te
:eg|ste:.
(18)
CA:£: CN :LßV£k:ICN, P£kV£k:ICN,
AND PkAY£k. Co )aoe 25, 1962, t|eWa::eo
Cea:teve:ta:oecaPestCmceDeµa:taeot:a||og
t|at a aagaz|oe ie: |eaesexaa|s |s aoaa||a||e
|ecaaseeie|sceo|ty. T|eCea:tasse:tec t|att|e
I|:stAaeocaeotgaa:aotees t|e:|g|ts ei |eae-
sexaa|s te :ece|ve sac| aagaz|oes t|:eag| t|e
aa||s÷aoc t|at t|e aagaz|oes a:e oet µateot|y
eûeos|ve.(19)
Co )aoe 25, 1 962, t|e Wa::eo Cea:t st:ac|
cewo a Ca||ie:o|astatate w||c| aace acc|ct|eo
te oa:cet|cs a c:|ae.(19)
Co)aoe 25 , 1962, t|eWa::eo Cea:t :eve:sec
ceoteaµt·ei-Ceog:essceov|ct|eosaga|osttweaeo
( Iea|sHa:taaoeiCa||ie:o|aaocße:oa:c:|||e:
eiNewYe:|, w|e,|o1957, |ac:eiasecteg|ve
t|eHeaseCeaa|ttee eoLo-Aae:|cao Act|v|t|es
|oie:aat|eo a|eat ceaaao|st |oû|t:at|eo |o t|e
ceaaao|cat|eos |ocast:y.( 19)
Aoc eo )aoe 25, 1962, t|e Wa::eo Cea:t
|aocec cewo |ts NewYe:| :c|ee| P:aye: Case
cec|s|eo (Engel versus Vitale) , |e|c|ogt|atc|ass-
:eea :ec|tat|eo ei ao emc|a| µ:aye: v|e|atec t|e
¨esta|||s|aeot c|aase¨ ei t|e I|:st Aaeocaeot,
as ¨:e|oie:cec |y µ:ev|s|eos ei t|e Iea:teeot|
Aaeocceot. ¨ T|eI|:stAaeocaeotµ:e||||tst|e
iece:a|geve:oaeoti:eainterfering w|t|t|ei:ee
exe:c|se ei :e||g|eo, |at t|eWa::eo Cea:t asec
t|eI|:stAaeocaeotasaat|e:|tyteceoyt|ei:ee
exe:c|se ei :e||g|eo.
(20)
APPCkTICNm£NTCA:£: IoBaker versus
Carr, ma:c| 26, 1 962, t|eWa::eoCea:tcec|cec,
|o eûect, t|at t|e Iea:teeot| Aaeocaeot g|ves
iece:a|cea:tsj a:|sc|ct|eotesaµe:v|set|eact|eos
ei state legislatures |o c|st:|ct|og states ie: µa:-
µeses ei state aoc |eca| e|ect|eos. T|e Baker
versus Carr cec|s|eo |ove|vec t|e c|st:|ct|og |aws
ei t|e :tate eiTeooessee, |at aµµ:ex|aate|y 26
other states were involved |os|a||a:sa|ts, e:ex­
µectec te |e s|e:t|y.
( 21)
Iae Constitution makes no
g
rant of power to
aoy|:aoc|eit|eiece:a|geve:oaeotte|ote:ie:e
|oaoywayw|t| sac| aatte:s. W|eo t|e iece:a|
geve:oaeot cao aa|e cec|s|eos geve:o|og t|e
ceaµes|t|eo aoc :eµ:eseotat|eo ei state legisla­
tures} state geve:oaeots |eceae |:aoc|es aoc
tee|s eit|eceot:a| aat|e:|ty 1|eAce:|cao sys·
teaaceost|tat|eoa|federation eiseµa:atestates
|s cest:eyec.
(21)
T|eBaker versus Carr cec|s|eoeocea:agec (as
£a:| Wa::eo ||ase|i sa|c, a ¨sµate ei s|a||a:
cases. '
(21)
Co )aoe 1 5 , 1964, t|e :aµ:eae Cea:t :a|ec
eo s|x |eg|s|at|ve aµµe:t|eoaeot cases, |ove|v|og
A|a|aca, Ce|e:ace, De|awa:e, ma:y|aoc, New
Ye:|, aoc V|:g|o|a £a:| Wa::eo :a|ec t|at a
state aµµe:t|eoaeot w||c| cees oet µ:ev|ce ie:
:eµ:eseotat|eo |o |et| |eases ei t|e state |eg|s·
|ata:e se|e|y eo t|e |as|s ei µeµa|at|eo, v|e|ates
t|e ¨eqaa| µ:etect|eo¨ c|aase ei t|e Iea:teeot|
Aaeocaeot
(21)
1||scec|s|eo|sc:eat|ogµe||t|ca|c|aes. Iiµe:-
a|ttec te staoc, |tw�|| cest:eyex|st|og|e:as ei
geve:oaeot|o a aaje:|ty eistates It ceo|es, ie:
states,t|esaae||ocei|a|aocec||·caae:a| (twe-
|ease, | eg|s|at|vesysteat|att|e iece:a|geve:o·
aeot |tse|i |as.
CCNGk£::ICNAL DI:1kIC1ING CA:£.
1|eCeost|tat|eoµ:ev|cest|ateac|:tate, :ega:c·
|ess ei µeµa|at|eo, aay |ave twe L. :. :eoate:s
aoc eoe L. :. keµ:eseotat|ve. A µeµa|eas :tate
aay |ave ae:e t|ao eoe keµ:eseotat|ve, t|e
oaa|e: ceµeoc|og eo µeµa|at|eo as :evea|ec |y
t|eceosaseve:yteoyea:s.
T|e Ceos|tat|eo g:aots Ceog:ess aat|e:|ty te
saµe:v|se t|ec|v|s|eoei:tates |oteceog:ess|eoa|
c|st:|cts, |atg|ves iece:a| cea:ts oe aat|e:|ty |o
t||s ûe|c. Co Ie|:aa:y 1 7, 1964, |eweve:, t|e
Wa::eo Cea:t, |o Wesberry versus Sanders}
asa:µec µewe: te :a|e t|at :tates aast c:aw
c|st:|ct ||oes te gaa:aotee t|at ¨as oea:|y as |s
µ:act|ca||e eoe aaos vete |o a Ceog:ess|eoa|
e|ect|eo |s te |e we:t| as aac| as aoet|e: s. ¨
Io et|e: we:cs, Ceog:ess|eoa| c|st:|cts aast be
a|eatt|e saae |o µeµa|at|eo.
(22)
Under the Constitution, there never has been
aocoeve:cao|e¨eqaa||tyeivet|ogµewe:¨ ie:
Page 93
a|l vote:s io e|ectioos oi L. ·. keµ:eseotatives.
lo:exaaµ|e,t|e l º:cceosass|owsa µoµa|at|oo
oi..:, l :: io:A|as|a, l :, ¯º., ªc!io:NewYo:|
A|as|a |as ooe L. ·. keµ:eseotat|ve, NewYo:|
|as !l . T|as, eve:y A|as|ao vot|og io: a L. ·.
keµ:eseotat|ve |as a|aost tw|ce as aac| votiog
µowe: as a New Yo:|e:vot|og io: a L. ·. keµ
:eseotative.
Ik££- ·P £ £ CH D£mCN·TkATCk· Io
ma:c|, l º:ª, t|e Wa::eo Coa:t :a|ec ( |o a case
iovo|v|ogsit-ioceaoost:ato:s|oCo|aa||a, ·oat|
Ca:o||oa, t|at state aoc |oca| omc|a|s |ave oo
aat|o:|tyto stoµ sac| ceaoost:at|oos o: toaa|e
a::ests |ecaase ¨t|e µ:|v||ege oi i:ee sµeec| |s
|:oac. ¨T|eCoa:tsa|ct|ati:eesµeec|aay|est
se:ve |ts||g| µa:µose w|eo |t caases ao:est aoc
¨sti:s µeoµ|e toaoge: ¨ ·''
·IT-INCA·£·. Co)aoe.., l º:!,t|eWa::eo
Coa:tove:ta:oec t|ecoov|ct|oos oi seve:a| s|t·|o
ceaoost:ato:s, w|o |ac |eeo t:|ec aoce: |oca|
aoc state |aws µ:o||||t|og t:esµass oo µ:|vate
µ:oµe:ty. T|eCoa:t:eiasec tog|veaoycoost|ta·
t|ooa|, o:ot|e:g:oaocs, io:ove:ta:o|ogt|ecoo·
v|ct|oos. It s|aµ|y o:ce:ec t|ea ove:ta:oec.·''
GIkAkD CA·£ ·teµ|eo G|:a:c, |y a w|||
µ:o|atec |o l ºªl , |eit a iaoc |o t:ast to |a||c
aocoµe:ateaco||ege|oP|||ace|µ||aio:asaaoy
µoo: w||te aa|e o:µ|aos,|etweeot|eages ois|x
aocteoyea:s,ast|esa|c|ocoaes|a|||eaceqaate
to aa|ota|o. ¨ lo l º·!, twooeg:o |oys as|ec t|e
C:µ|aosCoa:toiP|||ace|µ||atoo:ce: t|e|: ac·
a|ssioo to t|e sc|oo| T|e Coa:t reiasec, aoc
was aµ|e|c |y t|e Peoosy|vao|a ·tate ·aµ:eae
Coa:t Co Aµ:|| .º, lº·¯, t|e Wa::eo Coa:t :e-
ve:sec ||e Peoosy|vao|a Coa:t, cit|og t|e loa:·
teeot| Aaeocaeotas |ote:¡:etec |o t|emay l ¯,
lº·!, sc|oo|·seg:egat|oo cec|s|oo( 25)
mALLCkY CA·£ Aoc:ewk. ma||o:y, a lº·
yea:-o|c oeg:o, cooiessec to :aµ|og a woaao |o
t|ece||a:oi|e:aµa:taeot|oase|oWas||ogtoo,
D. C. He was t:|ec aoc coov|ctec |o D|st:|ct
Coa:t.H|scoov|ct|oowas aµ|e|c|ot|eCoa:toi
Aµµea|s.
Without suggestiog ao· 1oaet oiga||t o: sas-
p|c|oo oi µo||ce |:ata||ty, t|e Wa::eo Coart set
ma||o:y i:ee to go aoµaois|ec io: ||s c:iae,
so|e|y |ecaase µo||ce |ac qaest|ooec ||a |eio:e
io:aa| a::aigoaeot T|e cecisioo aeaos t|at
Was|iogtoo µo||ce caooot qaest|oo a sasµect
before |e|sio:aa||ya::estecaoca::a|goecao|ess
t|e sasµectag:ees. Aite: |e|s io:aa||y a::estec,
|ecaooot|eqaest|ooec at a||
(26)
W|eo µo||ce a:e µ:o||||tec i:oa questioning
sasµects µa:t|ca|a:|y |o sac| c:|aes as :aµe,
w|e:e aate:|a| ev|ceoce oi ga||t |s oiteo ooo-
ex|steoto:ext:eae|y c|mca|t to o|ta|o µo||ce
a:ea|aost|e|µ|esstoaño:csoc|etyaceqaateµ:o-
tect|oo
mCNkC£ CA·£ )aaes moo:oe, a oeg:o,
c|a|aect|atC||cagoµo||ce|acv|o|atec||s:|g|ts
|ysea:c||og||s|oaew|t|oata wa::aot. I|||oo|s
|aw µ:ov|ces |oc|v|caa|s w|t| aceqaate oµµo:-
tao|tyio::e||ei|it|e|::|g|tsa:esoa|asec. ßat
moo:oec|c:ot|:|ogsa|taga|ostC||cagoµo||ce
|o a state coa:t. He |:oag|t act|oo c|:ect|y |o
iece:a|coa:t Cole|:aa:y.c, lº:l, t|eWa::eo
Coa:t,|ot|emoo:oecase,|e|c,|oeñect,t|att|e
loa:teeot| Aaeocaeot coes g|ve ce:ta|o |oc|-
v|caa|s t|e :|g|t to|yµass state coa:ts.·'
NCIA CA·£. Co ma:c| lº, l º:ª, |o Fay
versus Noia, t|e Wa::eo Coa:t o:ce:ec New
Yo:|to:e|easei:oat|e·tatePeo|teot|a:ya aao
w|o|ac|eeo|oca:ce:atecio: .cyea:s,aite:coo·
v|ct|oo|ostatecoa:tio:t|ec:|aeoiaa:ce: T|e
Coa:t|e|ct|att|eaaos:|g|ts aoce: t|eiece:a|
Coost|tat|oo |ac |eeo v|o|atec |ecaase |e |ac
ooteûectecaoaµµea|i:oa||scoov|ct|oo|ostate
coa:t. ·
·
'
GID£CN CA·£. Io l|o:|ca, a ceieocaot
named Gideon was sentenced in state court. The
·tateoil|o:|ca|as|tsowoµ:oceca:estogaa:ao-
teet|ataceieocaot|sootceo|ec:|g|ttocoaose| ,
aoc iece:a| coa:ts |aveoo coost|tat|ooa| :|g|t to
:ev|ew µ:oeca:es oi state coa:ts G|ceoo, w|o
|acoocoaose|at||st:|a|,wascoov|ctecoiµetty
|a:ceoy. Late:, t|ecasewasaµµea|ec. IoGideon
versus Wainwright ( ma:c| l º, l º:ª ) , t|e Wa:-
:eo Coa:to:ce:ec G|ceoo :e|easec i:oa l|o:ica
¡nsoo, |ecaase he had had oo | aw·e: at b|s
t:|a|.·''
Pag 9
£·CCߣDC CA·£ Co )aoe 22, l º´!, t|e
Wa::eo Coa:t, |o Escobedo versus Illinois :e· ,
ve:sec t|e state coov|ct|oo ( io: aa:ce:, oi ce·
ieocaot £sco|eco, |ecaase£sco|eco|ac |ac oo
|awye: p:eseotw|eo |e cooiessea to µo||ce oñ·
ce:s(30) kesµoos|||e|awomc|a|sµ:ec|ctt|at¨vast
oaa|e:s¨ oi |a:ceoec c:|a|oa|s w||| |e set i:ee
asa :esa|toit||sEscobedo exµaos|oo oit|e:a|e
w||c| t|e W+::eo Coa:t |ac |a|c cowo io t|e
Gideon caseoil º´·. Ioceec, cooiessecaa:ce:e:s
|ave a|:eacy |eeo :e|easec i:oa µ:|soo(31)
What To Do
J |e:e | s swe|||og µa|||c ceaaoc t|at soae·
t||og|ecooea|oatt|e£a:|Wa::eoCoa:t.·oae-
t||og cao |e cooe ·a|seqaeot|y, I w||| c|scass
va:|oasµ:oµosa|s,oat||oe| ega|:eaec|esava||a||e
aoc :ecoaaeoc sµec|ûcaeasa:es toca:| t|e ty·
:aoo|ca| µowe: oi t|e £a:| Wa::eo Coa:t.
* * * * *
BERKELEY RI OTE RS WI LL
BE PROSECUTED
Kesea:c| io: eac| oiayReports ta|esa |oog
t|ae, aoc eac| Report goesto µ:esswee|s |eio:e
t|e aate:|a| |s actaa||y |:oaccast oo :ac|o aoc
te|ev|s|oo. Heoce, t|e Report oo ¨Coaaao|st
·taceot k|ots¨ ( µa|||s|ec le|:aa:y 8, l º´·,
|:oaccast|oma:c|, wasactaa||yw:|tteo|o)aoa·
a:y. At t|at t|ae, t|e:e was oo |oc|cat|oo ( |o
soa:ces ava||a||e to ae, oi µ:osecat|oo aga|ost
µe:soos a::estec oo Decea|e: ·, l º´!, io coo·
oect|oow|t| :|ots att|eLo|ve:s|tyoi Ca||io:o|a
|oße:|e|ey.
I |ave oow :ece|vec a we|coaec | ette: i:oa
) l. Coa||ey, D|st:|ct Atto:oey io: A|aaeca
Coaoty, Ca||aoc, Ca||io:o|a, say|og
"Request is hereby made that you correct state­
ments made in your telecast of Sunday, March
7, 1 965, to the efect that there had been no prose­
cution of the so-called Free Speech Movement
demonstrators at the University of California at
Berkeley. The fact is that all pesons having no
lawful business in Sproul Hall who refused to
leave the building at closing time, after being re­
q

ested to do so, were arrested and charged with
CrImes of trespass . . . and failure to disperse
fr

m the scene of an unlawful assembly upon
bemg ordered to do so . . . . About two-thirds
of these persons went limp and refused to co­
operate with the police upon being arrested.
These persons were also charged with resisting
and obstructing arrest . . 9 9
"The number of persons charged were seven
hundred and seventy three. Eight of these per­
sons were referred to the Juvenile Court of Ala­
meda County, pursuant to California law which
requires such referral where an accused is under
eighteen years of age. Four of these eight have
been found guilty and given confnement in a
work camp under the jurisdiction of the Proba­
tion Department of the County. Cases against the
other four j uveniles are still awaiting trial before
another Juvenile Court Judge. Seventy fve of the
defendants, as of today, have pleaded nolo con­
tendere to the charges. In Califoria, this plea has
the same efect and is subject to exactly the same
penalties as a plea of guilty, except that a nolo
plea cannot be used in a civil action as an ad-
WHO I S DA N S MO O T ?
Born in Missouri, reared in Texas, Dan Smot went to SMU getting BA and MA degrees, 1938 and 1940. 10
1941, he joined the faculty at Harvard as a Teaching Fellow, doing graduate work for a doctorate in American civili­
zation. From 1942 to 1951 , he was an FBI agent: three and a half years on communist investigations; two yers on
FBI headquarters staf; almost four yers on general FBI cases ill various places. He resigned from the FBI and,
from 1951 to 1955, was commentator on national radio and television programs, giving both sides of controversial
issues. In July, 1955, he started his present proft-supported, free-enterprise business: publishing The Dan Smool
Report, a weekly magazine available by subscription; and producing a weekly news-analysis radio and television
broadcast, available for sponsorship by reputable business frms, as an advertising vehicle. The Report and brodct
give OWC side of important issues; the side that presents documented truth using the American Constittion Ø6 Ø yrd­
stick. If you think Smoot's materials are efective against scialism and communism, you cn help immensely-help gt
suoribers for the Report, commercial sponsors for the brdcst.
Pag 95
mission against interest. Trial of one hundred
and sixty two of the defendants will begin i
the Municipal Court of Berkeley on April 1 ,
1 965. Trials of the remaining defendants who
may not at that time have pleaded nolo conten·
dere or guilty will follow as soon as possible.
"At the outset I made it clear to the press, to
the public and to the defendants that I had no
intention of recommending either dismissal of
the charges or clemency. I have been deluged with
letters from all over the United States request·
ing that I drop the charges. I have no intention
of so doing. Our position has been and will con·
tinue to be that we are ready to try all of the de·
fendants who have not pleaded guilty or nolo
j ust as quickly as possible. You will, no doubt,
realize that processing and getting such a large
number of defendants to trial involves some de·
lay and many procedural and mechanical dif·
culties .
7
FOOTNOTES
( 1 ) Salary of an Associate Justice is $39, 500 a year; of the Chief
Justice, $40,000.
( 2 ) Nine Men Against America by Rosalie M. Gordon, Devin-Adair
Company, New York City, 1958, 1 66 pp., price: $3.00; also
paper edition by American Opinion, Belmont, Mass., price:
$ 1 . 00
( 3 ) The Constitution of the United States of America: Analysis
and Ilterpl'etation: Annotations of Cases Decided By The
Supreme Court of the United States To June 30, 1952, prepared
by the legislative Reference Service of the library of Congress
and edited by Edward S. Corwin, published as Senate Docu­
ment 170, May 30, 1953, pp. 565, 566
( 4) 347 U. S. 483 ( 1954)
( 5 ) "The Supreme Court's 'Modern Scientific Authorities' in the
Segregation Cases," speech by U. S. Senator James O. Eastland
( Dem. , Miss., Chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee) ,
Congressional Record, May 26, 1 955
( 6) 350 U. S. 497 ( 1956)
(7) 351 u. S. 536 ( 1956)
Subscription:
1 962 Bound Volume
1 963 Bound Volume
1 964 Bound Volume
The Invisible Govement
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Poketsize
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The Fearless American
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( 8) 350 U. S. 5 5 1 ( 1956)
( 9) Konigsberg ¯ 353 U.
232 ( 1957)
S. 252 ( 1957 ) ; Schware ¯ 353 U. S.
( 10 )
( 1 1 )
( 1 2 )
( 1 3 )
( 14)
( 1 5 )
( 1 6 )
( 1 7 )
3 5 3 U. S. 657
354 U. S. 178
354 U. S. 234
356 U. S. 576
353 U. S. 194
354 U. S. 298
3 5 1 U. S. 1 1 5
367 U. S.
( 1957)
( 1 957)
( 1957)
( 1958)
( 1957 )
( 1957)
( 1956)
( 1961 )
( 1 8 ) SPecial Repol·t of the County Counsel on Problem Created By
Recent United States Supreme Court Cases Affecting The
Communist Party And The Twenty Year Fight Of The County
Of Los Angeles Against Sub1le1'Sion and Communism, by Harold
W. Kennedy, County Counsel of the County of los Angeles,
August 1 9, 1964, 65 pp.
( 19) The New York Times, June 26, 1962, pp. 1. 1 6, 1 7
( 20) For details on the Prayer Case decision, see this Report, "Out­
lawing God," March 2, 1964.
( 2 1 ) For details on the Apportionment Cases, see this Report, "The
Supreme Court's Apportionment Decisions," August 3 1 , 1964.
( 2 2 ) "Court Opinions on Congressional Apportionment," Congres­
sional Quarterly Weekly Repol·t, February 2 1 , 1964, pp. 367-81
( 2 3 ) "Preserving law and Order," by Dick West, The Dallas
M01'ning News, July 7, 1963, Sec. 3, p. 2
( 24 ) AP story from Washington, The Dallas Morning News, June
2 3, 1964, Sec. 1 , p. 1 2
( 2 5 ) Manchester (N.H. ) Union Leader, April 30, 1957, p. 3 ; The
Dallas Morning News, April 30, 1957, Sec. 1, p. 1
( 2 6) Limitation of Appellate Jurisdiction of the United States
Supreme Court, Hearings before the Internal Security Sub­
committee of the Senate Judiciary Committee, February and
March, 1 958, pp. 1 52, 1 69-70, 199, 233-4, 269, 476
( 2 7) Editorial in The Durham (N. C. ) Morning Herald, February
23, 1961
( 28 ) "States Rights," speech by U. S. Senator A. Willis Robertson
(Dem. , Va. ) , including dissenting opinions of Supreme Court
in Fay versus Noia, Congressional Recol·d, March 2 1 , 1963, pp.
4406-9 ( daily) ; 372 U. S. 391
( 29) 372 u. S. 335 ( 1963 )
( 30) In the Supreme Court of the State of California, In Bank, The
People vs. Robel·t B. Durao, filed August 3 1 , 1 964, with de­
tails on Gideon, Noia, and Escobedo Cases and their applications
to state level
( 3 1 ) "Fear Voiced That 400 At Chino May Go Free," The Los
Angeles Times, September 19, 1964, Sec. 1, p. 1 ; AP story
from Tallahassee, Florida, The Dallas Times Herald, September
1 6, 1964, p. 1 6A
NAME (Please Prnt)
STREET ADDRESS
CIT
STATE
Z CODE
(Texans Add 2% for Sales Tax)
THE DAN SMOOT REPORT
,
BOX 95 38, DALLAS
,
TEXAS 75214 TAYLOR 1·2303
Pag 9
·
·
·
ÏMË
!ti Smoot le,olt
Vol. 1 1 , No. 1 3 (Broadcast 501 ) March 29, 1 965 Dallas, Texas
DAN SMOOT
E ARL WARRE N COURT-PART I I
1ast wee|, I |:|ei|y :ev|ewec soae s|go|i|caot cec|s|oos w|.c| t|e £a:| Wa::eo Coa:t |as
|aocec cowo s.oce |ts iateia| sc|oo|·seg:egat|occec|s.oooomay17, l º·!. W|eoµ|acecaga|ost
t|e |ac|c:oµ oi ||sto:y, aaoy oi t|e cec|s|oos :ega:c|og coaaao|sa io:a µa:t oi a ces|go
Io l º!·, Aae:|caost:eogt| aoc µ:est|gewe:e aatc||ess|ot|ewo:|c, ao:|va|ec |oa|loi||sto:y.
Io coot:ast, t|e :ov|etLooowaswea| aoc |aµove:|s|ec, cesµ|sec t|:oag|oat t|e wo:|ceveo
|y a||||oos oi |ts owo c|t|zeos Yet, w|t||o tive yea:s ( |y lº·c, , coaaao|st |aµe:|al|sts |ac
cooqae:ec aoc eos|avec ao:et|ao s|x |aoc:ec a||||ooµeoµ|e |o C||oa aoc a|oattwo |aoc:ec
a.|||oo ot|e:s |o a t|e: oi £a:oµeao states i:oa t|e ßa|t|cto t|eAc:|at|c, aoca|g|tyAae:|ca,
a|:eacy oo t|e ceieos|ve, was c:as||og |e: owo µeoµ|e w|t| taxes to |:||e ot|e: oat|oos oot to
j o|o t|e :ov|ets.
)ast as t|e Aae:|cao µeoµ|e we:e |ecoa|og coosc|oas oit||si:|g|tia| µowe:s||it, t|e:ecaae
µa|||cexµosa:es t|att|e|aoc oit:easoowas oo |eve:s oi µowe: |oWas||ogtoo, c|:ect|og :ov|et
esµ|ooage oµe:at|oos |os|ce |aµo:taotageoc|es oi gove:oaeot, io:aa|at|og µo||c|es |a:aia| to
Aae:|ca.
Pa|||cceaaocio:act|ooaga|ostcoaaao|sa|o t|e Lo|tec :tates |ecaae g:eat , aoc, |o lº·c,
act|oowas ta|eo e|eveotoµ oii|c|a|soit|e coaaao|st µa:ty we:e t:|ec aoc coov|ctec |o )acge
Ha:o|c mec|oa s lece:a| Coa:t. T|e coaaao|st |eace:s we:e µ:osecatec aoce: t|e :a|t| Act
which had been enacted in l º!c|at oot asec aga|ost t|e coaaao|st leace:s io: teo yea:s, a|-
t|oag| ca:|og t|at t|ae t|e lßI |ac cases :eacy aoc sa|ta||e io: t:|a|.
T|e l º· ct:|a| oi coaaao|sts , t|e l º·c |oca:ce:at|oo oiA|ge:H|ss ( w|o |ac |eeo coov|ctec
oiµe:ja:y io: ceoy|og t|at |e coaa|ttec esµ|ooage io: a coaaao|st sµy :|og, , aoc t|e l º·.
e|ect|oooiGeoe:a| Dw|g|tD. £|seo|owe: (w|o |ac µ:oa|sec v|go:oas act|oo aga|ost coaaa-
o|sa, ao|||i|ec µa|||c oµ|o|oo soaet||og |ac |eeocooea|oatt|ecoaaao|stcoosµ|:acy,aoc
ao:e was exµectec Yet, w|t||o ioa:yea:s aite: £a:| Wa::eo |ecaae C||ei )ast|ce |o Ccto|e:,
THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, a magazine published every week by The Dan Smoot Report, Inc., mail­
ing address P. O. Box 9538, Lakewood Station, Dallas, Texas 75214; Telephone TAylor 1-2303 ( office
address 6441 Gaston Avenue) . Subscription rates: $1 0.00 a year, $6.00 for 6 months, $18.00 for two years.
For frst class mail $12.50 a year; by airmail (including APO and FPO) $14.50 a year. Reprints of specifc
issues: 1 copy for 25¢; 6 for $1 .00; 50 for $5.50; 100 for $1 0.00-each price for bulk mailing to one person.
Add 2% sales tax on all orders originating in Texas for Texas delivery.
Copyright by Dan Smoot, 1965. Second class mail privilege authorized at Dallas, Texas.
No Reproductions Permitted.
Page 9
l º··, t|e Wa::eo Coa:t ( |o a se:|es oi cases,
soae oi w||c| we:e :ev|ewec |o t||s Report |ast
wee|, |ac aace |t
-almost impossible for local, state, or federal
authorities to remove communists from jobs in
tax-supported institutions;
-next to impossible for law-enforcement agen­
cies and legislative committees to investigate the
communist conspiracy;
-absolutely impossible for state bar associa­
tions to deny membership to known communist
lawyers;
-extremely difficult for the federal govern­
ment to prosecute communist union officials who
faunt provisions of the Taft-Hartley law;
-practically useless to invoke the Internal Se­
curity Act of 1 950; and
-illegal for state governments to prosecute
communists, on grounds that the Smith Act pre­
empted for the federal government exclusive
authority in this field.
Haviog ||aoteco:cest:oyecot|e:|ega|weaµ·
oos aga|ost coaaao|sa, t|e Wa::eo Coa:t, |o
)aoe, lº·:, :eoce:ec t|e ·a|t| Act |oeûect|ve÷
:e|eas|og i:oa j a| | coaaao|sts w|e |ac a|:eacy
|eeo t:|ec aoc coov|ctec aoce: t|e Act.
Ioeûect,t|es|a||y,ao|aµo:taotomc|a|soit|e
coaaao|st µa:ty |ac se:vec as cecoys. ·eoc|og
t|ea to j a| | |ac a||ayec µa|||c cooce:o T|e
£a:| Wa::eoCoa:taaceia:t|e:eûect|ve|ovest|·
gat|oo o: µ:osecat|oo oi coaaao|sts v|:taa||y
|aµoss|||e,aoct|eo|ett|ececoysoatoiµ:|soo
eaasca|at|og t|e |aw t|at |ac seot t|ea t|e:e
Io |||s coooect|oo, |t |s |ote:est|og to stacy
aate:|a| w||c| L. · ·eoato: )aaes C £ast|aoc
(m|ss|ss|µµ| Deaec:at, c|a|:aao ei t|e ·eoate
)ac|c|a:y Ceaa|ttee, µ:eseotec to Coog:ess eo
may ., lº:.. ·eoato: £ast|aoc sa| c.
" . . . nine men appointed. for life, with no re­
sponsibility to the people in either their appoint­
ments or tenure . . . arrogate unto themselves
the power to dictate to the sovereign states how
they shall conduct their internal affairs, even to
the point of . . . overturning the established
constitutions and laws of the . States . . . .
"The day is coming when such a usurpation
of power on the part of nme such men must
and will be repudiated."
To s|ew w|at |e aeaot |y nine such men,
·eoato:£ast|aocµat|ot|eCongressional Record
a c|a:ts|ow|ogt|estaocta|eo|yeac|·aµ:eae
Coa:t )ast|ce |o l c! cec|s|oos (|ovo|v|og l c:
cases , cooce:o|ogsa|ve:s|veact|v|t|es, i:oa l º!·
t|:oag| l º:l He a|so aeot|ooec cases µ:|o: to
l º!·.
l:oal ºl ºto l º!., t|eCoa:t:eac|eccec|s|oos
|o l i sa|ve:s|ve cases T|e û:st seveo cec|s|oos
we:e aga|ost coaaao|sa, t|e |ast iea: iavo:ec
coaaao|sa ( ·:¯ |o saµµo:t oi t|e coaaao|st
µos|t|oo, l:oa l º!· t|:oag| l º··, t|e Coa:t
:eac|eccec|s|eos|o·!cases,l · ie:t|ecoaaao|st
µos|t|oo, l º aga|ost ( !!¯ |o iave: oi t|e coa·
aao|st µos|t|oo, .
I:oa lº·! (aite: Wa::eo |ecaae C||ei jas·
t|ce, to t|e eoc oi lº:i, t|e Coa:t aace :c
cec|s|oos |ovo|v|og sa|ve:s|ve act|v|t|es !: |o
iavo: oi coaaao|st µos|t|oos, .! aga|ost, io: ao
ave:ageei::¯ |oiavo: oicoaaao|stµos|t|oos
Wa::eo, µa:t|c|µat|og |o :· cec|s|oos |ovo|v|og
sa|ve:s|ve act|v|t|es, saµµo:tec t|e coaaao|st
¡os|t|oo:.t.aes, |e|ctet|ecoot:a:yt|:eet|aes,
io: ao |oc|v|caa| sco:e oiº¯¯c |o iavo: oi coa·
aao|st µos|t|oos
·eoato: £ast|aoc aoc aaoy ot|e:s ( |oc|ac|og
Assoc|ate )ast|ces w|o oiteo st:oog|y c|sseot,
|ave µo|otec oat t|at Wa::eo cec|ces oo t|e
|as|s oi µe:sooa| µ:ec||ect|eo, oet oo t|e |as|s
e| coost|tat|ooa| aeao|og ·eae assaae, t|e:e-
io:e, t|atWa::eosaµµo:tect|e coaaao|stµos|·
t|ooº·¯coit|et|ae|ecaase|eµe:sooa||yiavo:ec
t|at µos|t|oo
\a::eo Coa:t cec|s|oos c|:ect|y a|c|og aoc
a|ett|ogt|ecoaaao|steoeayoit|eLo|tec·tates
|ave oot, |oweve:, cooe as aac| |a:a to oa:
oat|oo as cec|s|oos w||c| |ave aoce:a|oec t|e
ioaocat|oo oicoost|tat|ooa|gove:oaeot
As s|owo |y cases :ev|ewec |o t||s Report
|astwee|, t|eWa::eoCoa:t|asasa:µecleg|s|a·
t|veµowe:so|Coog:ess,cest:oyeccoost|ta||ooa||y
:ese:ve1:|g|tsoistates, ao1 |ovace1t|e coaa|o
Pag 98
oi coost|tat|ooa||y µ:otectec µ:|vate :|g|tseveo
to t|eexteot oi|ova||cat|og a µ:|vatew|||w||c|
|ac|eeoµ:o|atecaoc|acstooc t|etestoi |aw
io: a |aoc:ec yea:s.
lo:ao:eceta||soo|owt|eWa::eoCoa:t|as
a|cec t|e coaaao|st coosµ|:acy aoc vea|eoec
t|ecoost|tat|ooa| ioaocat|oooioa:soc|ety, I :ec-
oaaeoc ûve sµec|ûc cocaaeots (w||c| aay |e
ava||a||e |o yoa: |oca| |||:a:v, o: i:oa t|e µa|·
||s|e:s|oc|catec, |atcannot be obtained through
The Dan Smoot Report) :
( l , Law of the Land, |y Wa::eo )eiie:soo
Dav|s, A keûect|oo ßoo|, Ca:|too P:ess, New
Yo:| C|:y, l º:., µ:|ce sª. ·c,
( . , Nine Men Against America, |ykosa||em.
Go:coo. T|e Dev|o·Aca|: Coaµaoy, New Yo:|
C|ty, lº·º, µ:|ce s· cc, a|so ava||a||e |o µaµe:·
|ac|io:sl cc i:oaAae:|caoCµ|o|oo, ße|ao-t
massac|asetts c. l ¯º,
( · , Special Report of the . County Counsel on
Problem G'eated by Recent United States Supreme
Court Cases Afecting the Communist Party and
the Twenty Year Fight of the County of Los
Angeles Against Subversion and Communism, |y
Los Aoge|es Coaoty Coaose| Ha:o|c W Keo·
oecy, µ:|otec |o t|e Congressional Record, ·eµ·
tea|e: .·, l º:!, µµ . l º·º·!º ( ca||y, ,
( !, T|e Aagast l , l º·º, aooaa| :eµo:t oi t|e
Aae:|caoßa:Assoc|at|oos·µec|a|Coaa|tteeoo
Coaaao|st Tact|cs, ·t:ategy aoc C|j ect|ves,
|:|eûog .c Wa::eo·Coa:t cec|s|oos w||c| ¨c|·
:ect|y aaect t|e :|g|ts oi t|e Lo|tec ·tates aoc
t|e !º states to µ:otect t|ease|ves i:oa coaaa-
o|sa¨ ,
( · , T|e c|a:t µ:eµa:ec |y ·eoato: )aaes C
£ast|aoc, s|ow|og µos|t|oos ta|eo |y ·aµ:eae
Coa:t )ast|ces |o l c! cases |ovo|v|og sa|ve:s|ve
act|v|t|es, µa|||s|ec |ot|e Congressional Record,
may ., l º:., µµ ¯c.:··! ( ca||y,
Sounding The Al arm
tooce:o|ogt|emay l:, l º· !, cec|s|oooit|e
£a:| Wa::eo Coa:t, ·eoato: )aaes C. £ast|aoc,
oo may .:, l º· · , sa|c
"The Court has not only arrogated to itself
powers which were not delegated to it under
the Constitution of the United States and has
entered the felds of the legislative and execu­
tive branches of the Government, but they are
attempting to graft into the organic law of the
land the teachings . . . and social doctrines
arising from a political philosophy which is the
antithesis of the principles upon which this Gov­
ernment was founded.
"The origin of the doctrines can be traced
to Karl Marx, and their propagation is part and
parcel of the conspiracy to . . . destroy this Gov­
ernment through internal controversy . . . .
"In the rendition of the opinion on the shool
segregation cases the entire basis of American
jurisprudence was swept away. There is only
one other comparable system of j urisprudence
which is based upon . . . vacillating, political, and
pseudo scientific opinion-the Peoples Courts of
Soviet Russia.
"In that vast vacuum of liberty [ the Soviet
Union] , the basis of their j urisprudence is the
vacillating, ever-changing winds of pseudo-au­
thority.
"And that today is the basis of American
j urisprudence as announced by a unanimous
opinion of our Supreme Court . . . . "
A|| Aae:|caos w|o aoce:stooc aoc :esµectec
Aae:|caocoost|tat|ooa| µ:|oc|µ|es s|a:ec ·eoato:
£ast|aoc scooce:o a|oatt|e Wa::eo Coa:t s ce-
c|s|oo oi may l ¯, l º·!, |at t|e cec|s|oo was so
ceeµ|yeotaog|ec|ot|eeaot|ooa|,aocµo||t|ca||y
exµ|os|ve,:ac|a|µ:o||ea,t|att|e:ewasoooat|oo-
w|ce oatc:y oi µ:otest.
ßeio:e|oog,|oweve:, t|eWa::eoCoa:ts|aw-
|ess cec|s|oos |ac evo|ec µa|||c c:|t|c|sa |y :e-
sµoos|||e aeo |o a|| µa:ts oi t|e oat|oo.
ßy a vote oi ·: to s, t|e l º·: Cooie:eoce oi
C||ei )ast|ces oi ·tate Coa:ts cec|a:ec
"Recent decisions [ of the U. S. Supreme
Court ] have departed so far from constitutional
precepts that the country no longer has a written
Constitution any more than England." (1)
Pag 9
Com+y 13, 1957, |o + sµeec| oo t|e ûoo: oi
t|eHoase, L. · keµ:eseot+t|veNo+| m. m+soo
( I|||oo|s keµa|||c+o, s+|c
"The Founding Fathers and the makers of
the Constitution agreed that an uncontrolled
Supreme Court meant despotism, and must be
guarded against. We now have such a Court . . . .
"Thi

.
menace should haunt the thoughts of
every cItizen who believes in Constitutional Gov­
ernment. Congress must establish some form of
control over the Supreme Court so that our
guaranteed personal rights and privileges cannot
be usurped by an uncontrolled, capricious Su­
preme Court. That is the task Congress must
face up to and must accomplish before it is too
late . . . .
"Our first and primary responsibility as Mem­
bers of Congress . . . is to protect and preserve
o

r Federal Constitution; to insist upon States'
RIghts; to do all we can to curb and control our
uncontrolled Supreme Court . . . .
"Our oath of office pledges us to do j ust
that . . . .
A|+:aecaea|e:soiCoog:ess|+vec+||ec]aoe
17, 1 957, ¨kec mooc+y, ¨ |ec+ase oo t|+t c+y
t|eW+::eoCoa:t|+oceccowot|e Watkins Case
cec|s|oo w||c| |+oc|c+µs coog:ess|oo+| |ovest|-
g+t|oos oi coaaao|sa, t|eSweezy Case cec|s|oo
v||c| c:|µµ|es st+te +geoc|es |ovest|g+t|og coa·
mao|st +ct|v|t|es|o t+x·saµµo:tec |ost|tat|oos , t|e
Yates Case cec|s|oo, v||c| :a|oect|e ·a|t| Act
+oc :e|e+sec 14 coaaao|sts i:oaµ:|soo.
Co]aoe26, 1957, U. ·keµ:eseot+t|veGo:1oo
H. ·c|e:e: ( C||o keµa|||c+o, c+||ec ]aoe 17,
1957, ¨+koa+o |o||c+y io: t|e K:ea||o |at +o
oa|ooas c+y io: t|e Lo|tec ·t+tes, ¨ exµ|+|o|og
"I have reviewed a series of decisions by the
Supreme Court over the last two years. As I
come to realize the full impact of these decisions
on the security of this nation, I become more
alarmed about the direction in which we are
heading. Legal principles, investigatory and judi­
cial procedures which I learned in law school
and which have been followed during 25 years
of practice at the bar have been shattered.
"When the most significant of these decisions
was handed down by the Court on June 1 7, a
former chairman of the Communist Party in
California rejoicingly exclaimed that it was 'the
greatest victory the Communist Party in America
has ever received.' . . .
"In one fell swoop these decisions of the
Supreme Court have all but destroyed the most
powerful weapons that the Federal Bureau of
Invest�gation and Congressional investigating
commIttees have in their fight against the internal
subversion of this country.
"The Court has usurped the powers of the
Congress. It has rewritten and nullified laws
to fit its own social, political, and economic
philosophies. It has destroyed basic and funda­
mental states' rights. It has invaded and taken
over prerogatives of the executive branch. It
has s

pplanted the jury and trial j udge when
expedIency demands. It has handcuffed the police
and F. B. I. in criminal cases . . . .
Co )a|y 16, 1957, L ·. ·eo+to: H+::y I|oo1
ßy:c ( V|:g|o|+ Deaoc:+t, s+| c.
" . . a continuation of such decisions as those
. . . rendered by the present Supreme Court will
destroy the very fundamental principles which
have made America the greatest Nation in all
the world."
He:e +:e +||:ev|+tec exce:µts i:oa + sµeec|
a+ce|yL.··eo+to:W||||+a£.)eooe: ( Ioc|+o+
keµa|||c+o, oo Aagast 7, 1957 :
The extreme Liberal wing of the Supreme
Court has become a majority; and we witness
today the spectacle of a Court constantly changing
the law, and even changing the meaning of the
Constitution, in an apparent determination to
make the law of the land what the Court thinks
it should be.
Reasonable men may err. If the Court had
erred only once or twice in these decisions in­
volving the greatest threat to human freedom
which history ever had to look upon, reasonable
men could find excuses for it. But what shall
we say of this parade of decisions that came
down from our highest bench on Red Monday
after Red Monday?
We in Congress must fulfill our plain duty
and act immediately in the way the Constitution
empwers us to act, to repair as much of the
damage as we can and prevent even worse damage
in the future.
·eo+to:]eooe:qaotecAss|st+otL. ·. Atto:oey
Page 100
Geoe:a| Wa::eo C|oey as say|og t|e ·aµ:eae
Coa:ts Ha||o:y Case cec|s.oo oi 1957,
" . . . clearly demonstrates that a great many
very serious crimes will go unpunished . . . not
because the truth cannot be ascertained, but
because of the procedures that have to be fol­
lowed to develop the facts . . . .
"The Court is supposed to have its judgment
rest on the best truth it can get but the Court
will not listen to the truth. "
Co ·eµtea|e: 18, 1957, H T P|e|µs ( oow
ceceasec, io:ae:|y c||ei j ast|ce oi t|e A:|zooa
·aµ:eae Coa:t, sa|c oit|e Wa::eo Coa:t
"It is the design and purpose of the court to
usurp the policy-making powers of the nation.
"By its own unconstitutional pronouncements
it would create an all-powerful, centralized gov­
ernment in Washington and subsequent destruc­
tion of every vestige of states' rights, expressly
and clearly reserved to the states under the 1 0th
Amendment of the Constitution . . . .
"Regardless of what we as individuals may think
about the justice or injustice of segregation, I
here assert without hesitation or reservation that
the [ May 1 7, 1 954] decision was not based upon
logic or law.
"I further charge that the processes followed
in reaching the decision's conclusion violate all
procedures of due process known to American
jurisprudence . . . .
"I honestly view the supreme court with its
present membership and predilections a greater
danger to our democratic form of government
and the American way of life than all forces
aligned against us outside our boundaries.
"And I repeat again, that if the court is much
longer permitted to destroy states' rights by a
process of attrition, as it has been doing, we will
see Washington clothed with powers so strong
that the people will be helpless to curb its tyranny
over them as they are in Russia today . . . . "( 2)
At t|e 1958 Cooie:eoce oi C||ei )ast|ces oi
·tateCoa:ts, 38 c||eij ast.ceseoco:sec t||sstate·
aeot .
"We do not believe that either the framers of
the original Constitution or . . . the draftsmen
of the 1 4th Amendment ever contemplated that
the Supreme Court should, or would, have the
unlimited policy-making powers it IS now exer­
cising."(
l
)
J |e ia:o: a|oat t|e |oog t:a|o oi Wa::eo
Coa:tkec moocaycec|s|oos ( ca|a|oat|og |o the
kec moocay cec|s|oos oi )aoe 1 7, 1957 ) c|ec
cowoaaaz|og|ysooo, aocµa|||cc:|t|c.saoit|e
Coa:t waoec aot|| t|e New Yo:| P:aye: Case
cec|s|oooi)aoe25 , 1 962. T|atcec.s|oos|oc|ec
ao:e Aae:|caos t|ao aoy ot|e: act|oo oi t|e
Wa::eo Coa:t. ße|ow |s a |:|ei saaµ||og oi
:eaa:|s aace |o t|e oat|ooa| Coog:ess oo )aoe
26, 1 962, t|e cay aite: t|e P:aye: Case cec|s|oo
keµ:eseotat|vek|c|a:cL. koace|as| ( Ioc|aoa
keµa|||cao,
" . . . the Supreme Court would place this
nation on an equal plane with Soviet Russia
where the godless and atheistic communist rulers
permit no mention of a Supreme Being . . . .
"It is incomprehensible to me that a nation
which has acknowledged and pledged its very
existence to God could produce a judicial body
that would decide it is unconstitutional for our
children to . . . declare their belief in God . . . .
the hour is indeed late for America, when we
would deny our God, from whom all our blessings
flow.
"This is not a question of separation of church
and state; it is a question of oppression of re­
ligion in America."
keµ:eseotat|veHeo:y C ·c|ace|e:g ( W|scoo·
s|o keµa|||cao, .
"If the name of God is not to be uttered in
the public school classroom, then . . . we can
look forward to the time when it will become un­
constitutional to read or to teach the Declaration
of Independence in our schools, because this
historic document includes . . . references to God
as the very Author of our rights . . . .
"This is the beginning of . . . a bold attempt
to destroy the spiritual foundation of our Nation,
and thus our freedom . . . . "
keµ:eseotat|ve)oeD.Waggooe:,):. (Loa|s|aoa
Ueaoc:at,
"N ot any time before II the short history of
Page 101
this nation has a more disgraceful or evil act
been perpetrated . . . than yesterday's decision by
the Supreme Court to ban Almighty God from
the schools of the land . . . .
"I 'am appalled, horrifed, ashamed, . . . and . . .
fearful."
,
keµ:eseotat.veDeoL :|e:t ( Ne:t|Da|etake·
µa||.cao, .
"We have reached a strange point in our history
when this nation of people) endowed by their
Creator (as stated in the Declaration of Inde­
pendence) should take such a long step toward
prohibiting the reiteration of a belief in God
"
keµ:eseotat.ve ßeo l jeoseo ( Ieva keµa||.·
cao,.
"I had always thought we could safely assume
that acknowledgment of a supreme deity was
. . . a universal common ground in this blessed
land.
"I am horrified that six supreme jurists now
think such recognition has no place in the schools,
where formative guidance is so important.
"This is deliberate
'
annihilation of a historical
and sacred custom. I pray for America and its
honorable Court."
keµ:eseotat|ve l:ao| j. ßec|e: (Nev Ye:|
keµa|||cao,.
"This is not the first tragic decision of this
Court, but I would say it is the most tragic i
the history of the United States . . . .
keµ:eseotat|ve k|c|a:c H Peñ (V|:g|o|a �e-
µae||cao, ca||ec :|e P:a·e: cec|s|eo,
" . . . a complete departure from established
practice and precedent in American j urispru­
dence . . . . "
keµ:eseo:at|ve)e|oße||W||||aas (m|ss|ss|µµ|
Deaec:at,.
"Surely no action ever taken by an agency of
Government in America has been so destructive
of the basic foundations of our society. The
implications of this decision and the interpre­
tations which it suggests, are more terrifying, even
than the threats of another war . . . .
"I . . . detect in this and other recent actions
a deliberate and carefully planned conspiracy to
substitute materialism for spiritual values, and
thus to communize America . . . . "
keµ:eseota·|veke|e:tLl:.|es( l|e:.caDea-
ec:at,
"I find , it difficult to choose the adjectives
which properly describe this latest bid for infamy
by the Nation's highest court. But, I must say
that if the Supreme Court were openly in league
with the cause of communism, they could scarcely
advance it more than they are doing now."
keµ:eseotat.ve T|eaas G Aee:oet|· (m|ss|s·
s|µp. Deaec:at,
"The decision of the Supreme Court . . . should
once again demonstrate . . . that an unbridled
Court [ will ] . . . destroy this country . . . .
"Legislation is pending before the Congress
to calm the power grab of these power-drunken
men. We should lay , aside all else until this j ob
is attended to."
keµ:eseotat|ve W||||aa G ß:a· ( Ioc|aoa ke-
µa|||cao,.
"Many of my constituents have asked me if
the protection of the laws only applies to com­
munists and fellow travelers, to atheists and
perverts, and to those who would destroy our
society. They wonder why this protection is
not more often extended to protect things which
are good and decent in our society, encouraging
patriotism, spiritual devotion, personal morality,
and responsibility."
:eoate: :aa ). £:v|o, j:. ( Ne:t| Ca:e||oa
Deaec:at,.
"The writer of this particular opinion-Justice
Black . . . . says the right of freedom of speech
is absolute and is not subject to any limitation
whatever . . . . But . . . . a person cannot talk
to God or about God while he is on public-school
property."
:eoate: A W||||s ke|e:tseo (V|:g|o|aDeae-
c:at,.
"The Court would not prohibit the circulation
of obscene literature among the youth of the
country, but yet it would not allow them to join
in the offering of a prayer when they go to
school . . . . I was shocked; and I hope all Mem­
bers of the Senate were shocked and that they
will not hesitate . . . to join . . . in a resolution
to say to the Court, We will not stand fo this
Pag 102
any longer. You have gone as far in misinter­
preting the Constitution and our form of govern­
ment as we will stand for . . . .
"
·eoato: He:aao£ Ta|aacge (Geo:g|aDeao·
c:at) .
"For some years now, the members of the
Supreme Court have persisted in reading alien
meanings into the Constitution of the United
States. Through interpretations which cannot be
sustained by either the language of the Consti­
tution or the intent of the Framers, they have
sought, in effect, to change our form of govern­
ment.
"But never in the wildest of their excesses . . .
have they gone as far as they did on yesterday
when-in a gross distortion of the first amend­
ment-six of the j ustices decreed that the volun­
tary saying of nondenominational prayers in
public schools is unconstitutional.
"It was an outrageous edict which has numbed
the conscience and shocked the highest sensi­
bilities of the Nation. If it is not corrected, it
will do incalculable damage to the fundamental
faith in Almighty God which is the foundation
upon which our civilization, our freedom, and
our form of government rest . . . .
"The first amendment is so clear that any
fourth-grade student can understand it. It says
simply that: Congress shll make no lw re­
specting an establishment of religion, or prohib­
iting the free exercise thereof.
"Congress has made no such law . . . . And in
the absence of such a law, the Supreme Court
is without authority to act on the subject.
"In fact . . . a true interpretation of the spirit
of the Constitution would hold that the Supreme
Court, not the State of New York, has violated
it . . . . because the effect of yesterday's ruling
was to prohibit the free exercise of religion by
the school children of the State of New York . . . .
WHO I S D A N S MO O T ?
Born in Missouri, reared in Texas, Dan Smoot went to SMU getting BA and MA degrees, 1938 and 1940. In
1941, he joined the faculty at Harvard as a Teaching Fellow, doing graduate work for a doctorate in American civili­
zation. From 1942 to 1951, he was an FBI agent: three and a half years on communist investigations; two years on
FBI headquarters staf; almost four years on general FBI cases in various places. He resigned from the FBI and,
from 1951 to 1955, was commentator on national radio and television programs, giving both sides of controversial
issues. In July, 1955, he started his present proft-supported, free-enterprise business : publishing The Dan Smoot
Report, a weekly magazine available by subscription; and producing a weekly news-analysis radio and television
broadcast, available for sponsorship by reputable business frms, as an advertising vehicle. The Report and broadct
give one side of important issues : the side that presents documented truth using the American Constitution as a yØrd­
stick. If you think Smoot's materials are efective against socialism and communism, you can help immensely-help get
subribers for the Report, commercial sponsors for the broadcast.
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Page 103
" [ I ] hope . . . this unconscionable edict will
[ arouse] . . . the American people to demand
action by their elected representatives to put an
end . . . to . . . judicial encroachments which are
destroying freedom and constitutional govern­
ment in this country . . . .
Something Must Be Done
J |e Wa::eo Coa:ts aµµo:t|ooaeot cec|s|oos
|aveaga|o:a|secc:|t|c|saoit|eCoa:ttoa ||g|
µ|tc|, swe|||og t|e ceaaoc io: co::ect|ve act|oo.
·|ocet|eCoa:tskecmoocaycec|s|ooseilº·:,
aea|e:s oi Coog:ess |ave io:aa||y µ:oµosec
aaoy ||||s to ca:| t|e ·aµ:eae Coa:t, aoc to
oñset ev|| eñects oi soae oi |ts cec|s|oos. Nooe
|asyet|eeoeoactec|y|ot| HoasesoiCoog:ess ,
|at |o iº:·, eño:ts to co soaet||og a|oat t|e
Coa:ta:eg:eate:|ovo|aaeaocao:e cete:a|oec
|oµa:µose t|ao eve: |eio:e.
Next wee|, I s|a|| c|scass ¡ast aoc µeoc|og
µ:oµosa|stoc|ec|t|eWa::eoCoa:ts caoge:oas
a|ase oiµowe:, aocs|a||saggestsoae :eaec|es.
* * * * *
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Heoce, I waotto exµ:ess sµec|a| aµµ:ec|at|eo to
t|osew|o a:e |e|µ|ogaga|ot||syea:to|ea:t|e
|a:ceo, |y coot:||at|og to oa: Coog:ess|ooa|
laoc.
Fi l m For Sal e
£ac| Dan Smoot Report |s |:|eiec io: :ac|o
aoc te|ev|s|oo |:oaccast Ca: l :aa. |:oaccast
û|a io: l º:· aoc l º:! a:eoow io: sa|e at s· . cc
eac|. ·eoc io: i:ee ||st, o: o:ce: i:oa |:oaccast
oaa|e: oo l º:· aoc l º:! Reports. l||a oo
Reports µa||.s|ec ca:|og l º:· a:e ava||a||e io:
s.· . cc eac|. A||ow t|:ee wee|s io: ce||ve:y.
Zi p Codes
We aµµ:ec|ate t|e :esµoose oi sa|sc:||e:s |c
seoc|og as t|e|: z|µ coces |at t|e:e a:e st|||
t|oasaocs w|o |ave oot seot t|ea To |osa:e
ce||ve:yoiyoa: Report, µ|ease seoc asyoa: z|µ
coce oaa|e: |aaec|ate|y, |i yoa |ave oot yet
cooe so
FOOTNOTES
( 1 ) "Six Indictments of the U. S. Supreme Court," by former
U. S. Representative Burr P. Harrison ( Dem., Va. ) , Human
Events, January 1 1 , 1964, pp. 8-9
( 2 ) Text of speech by Justice M. T. Phelps of the Arizona
Supreme Court to the Hi ram Club, Phoenix, Arizona, September
18, 1957
NAME (Please Prnt)
STREET ADDRESS
CITY STATE ZIP CODE
( Texans Add 2% for Sale Tax)
THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, BOX 95 38, DALLAS, TEXAS 75214 TAYLOR 1-2303
Page 104
·
·
·
ÏMË
I�I Smoot leport
Vol. I I , No. 1 4 (Broadcast 502) April 5, 1 965 Dallas, Texas
DAN SMOOT
EARL WARRE N COURT-PART I I I
"If some
.
partial inconvenience

sb
.
ould appear to be connected with the incorporation of any of . . . [tbe federal judiciary
powers] mto the . . . [ConstltutlOn] it ought to be recollected that the national legislature will have ample authority to
make such exceptions and to prescribe such regulations as will be calculated to obviate or remove these inconveniences."
- Alexander Hamilton, in Te Federalist Papers, No. 80
1o |ess t|ao ioa: yea:s aite: £a:| Wa::eo |ecaae C||ei)ast|ceoit|eL · ·aµ:eaeCoa:t (|o
Ccto|e:, l º· · ) , t|e Coa:t |ac aace a s|aa||es oi t|e oat|oo s |ote:oa| seca:|ty |aws aoc µ:o·
ceca:es aoc |ac s|atte:ec t|e j a:|c|ca| aoc coost|tat|ooa| µ:|oc|µ|es oo v||c| oa:Aae:|caosys·
tea |s |a||t. T|e:e was |os|steot, w|cesµ:eac ceaaoc t|at soaet||og |e cooe.
Co le|:aa:y 22, l º·¯, t|e Geoe:a| Assea||y oi Geo:g|a aoao|aoas|y acoµtec a :eso|at.oo
ca|||og io: |aµeac|aeot oi s|x aea|e:s oi t|e L. · ·aµ:eae Coa:t. Co )aoe 24, l º·¯, |t was
aoooaocec |oWas||ogtoo t|at L. · keµ:eseotat|ves Noa| m masoo ( I|||oo|s keµa|||cao, aoc
Geo:ge W Aoc:ews ( A|a|aaa Deaoc:at, woa|c sµooso: a aoveaeot to sta:t |aµeac|aeot
µ:oceec|ogs aga|ost a|| aea|e:s oi t|e ·aµ:eae Coa:t No act|oo towa:c |aµeac|aeot eosaec
Co )aoe 24, l º·¯, L. · ·eoato:s )aaes C £+st|aoc aoc C||o D. )o|ostoo ( Deaoc:ats, m|s·
s|ss|µµ|aoc ·oat|Ca:o||oa, µ:oµoseca coost|tat|ooa|aaeocaeottoaa|e·aµ:eaeCoa:tj ast|ces
sa|j ect to ·eoate aµµ:ova| eve:y ioa: yea:s. T||s µ:oµosa| c|ec |o coaa|ttee

Io Aagast, lº·¯. L. · ·eoato: W||||aa£ )eooe: ( Ioc|aoa keµa|||cao, |ot:ocacec a |||| to
||a|t t|e Coa:ts aµµe||ate j a:|sc|ct|oo |o ûve |:oaccatego:|es oicases. ßy)aoe, l º·s, t|e)eooe:
ß||| |ac |eeo |a|c as|ce io: t|e ßat|e: ß|||, w||c| was |oteocec oo|y to e||a|oate |a:aia| ei·
iects oi t|e Va::eo Coa:ts ·teve Ne|soo case cec|s|oo ( oa|||iy|og state |aws aga|ost sec|t|oo
aoc sa|ve:s|veact.v|t|es, . T|eHoase µassec t|e ßat|e: ß||| |o lº·s, |at |t was ceieatec |o t|e
·eoate |y ooe vote. Lyocoo ß. )o|osoo, t|eo aaj o:|ty |eace: oi t|e ·eoate, votec aga|ost t|e
ßat|e:Bill. (1)
THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, a magazine published every week by The Dan Smoot Report, Inc., mail­
ing address P. O. Box 9538, Lakewood Station, Dallas, Texas 75214; Telephone TAylor 1·2303 (office
address 6441 Gaston Avenue) . Subscription rates: $1 0.00 a year, $6.00 for 6 months, $18.00 for two years.
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Add 2% sales tax on all orders originating in Texas for Texas delivery.
Copyright by Dan Smoot, 1965. Second class mail privilege authorized at Dallas, Texas.
No Reproductions Permitted.
Page 105
Iojaoaa:y, lº:l, L. · ·eoato:jo|oL.mcC|e|·
|ao ( A:|aosas Deaoc:at, aoc L. ·. keµ:eseota·
t|veHowa:c W ·a|t| ( V|:g|o|a Deaoc:at , |o·
t:ocacec ||||s ea|ocy|og t|e µ:oµosa| oi t|e
ßat|e:ß. ||oi lº· º , |att|emcC|e||aoaoc·a|t|
||||soeve:got oat oicoaa|ttee
W|t||o a wee| aite: t|e Wa::eo Coa:ts jaoe
. · , l º:., NewYo:|·c|oo|P:aye:Casecec|s|eo,
·· L. · keµ:eseotat|ves |ac µ:oµosec ·: c|ñe:·
eot||||stocosoaet||oga|oatt||s:a||og,aocl º
·eoato:s we:e sµooso:|og s|a||a: ||||s |o t|e
·eoate Notooeoit|e||||sgotoatoicoaa|ttee
Co Aagast l ., l º:·, t|e Hoase µassec t|e
D|st:|ctoiCo|aa||a Cao||as C:|aeß|||w||c|,
aaoog ot|e: t||ogs, oa|||ûec soae |a:aia| ei·
iects oi t|e Wa::eo Coa:ts lº·: ma||o:y case
cec|s|ooT|e·eoate:eiasectoactoo t||s ||||
(101
Coog:ess|ooa| c|saay ove:t|eWa::eo Coa:ts
jaoe l · , l º:!, aµµo:t|ooaeot cec|s|oos :esa|tec
|oµos|t|veact|oo|yt|eHoaseoikeµ:eseotat|ves
CoAagastl º, lº:!,t|eHoase,|yastaocoi. · l
to l ºº, µassec t|e Tac| ß|||, w||c| statec t|at
iece:a| coa:ts |ave oo j a:|sc|ct|oo |o cases |o·
vo|v|og |eg|s|at|ve aµµo:t|ooaeot |o t|e states
T|e Tac| ß||| c|ec, |ecaase t|e ·eoate :eiasec
toactoo|t T|eTac| ß||| ( Hk l ·º!, was :e|o·
t:ocacec |o t|e µ:eseot Coog:ess oo jaoaa:y · ,
l º:·.
lo l º:!, t|e Geoe:a| Assea||y oi t|e ·tates
(aoageocyoit|eCoaoc||oi·tateGove:oaeots ,
saggestec t|at state gove:oaeots µet|t|oo Coo·
g:ess to cooveoe a coost|tat|ooa| cooveot|oo to
w:|te ao aaeocaeot ||a|t|og t|e µowe: oi iec·
e:a| coa:ts |ostate|eg|s|at|veaµµo:t|ooaeotaat·
te:s ßy t|e û:st oi ma:c|, l º:· , . l states |ac
soµet|t|ooecCoog:ess Ii·!states (two·t||:csoi
a|| |ot|eao|oo, µet|t|oo, Coog:ess aast, aoce:
t|eCoos:|tat|oo,ca||t|ecooveot|oo.T||saet|oc
oi sa|a|tt|og a coost|tat|ooa| aaeocaeot ( io:
aµµ:ova| |y t|e µeoµ|e, t|:oag| state cooveo·
t|oos o:state|eg|s|ata:es , |as oeve:|eeoasec(
2
)
It |s geoe:a||y |e||evec t|at sµooso:s oi t||s
aoveaeut co uot :ea||y waot a coost|tat|ooa|
cooveut|oo. T|ey |oµe, :at|e:, t|at t|e µet|t|oo-
ing «¦ii force Congress |tse|i to ¡:o¡ose a coo·
st|tat|ooa| aaeucaeut. ·'
Da:|og t|e û:stteo cays oit|e ººt| Coog:ess
( l º:· , , aea|e:s oiCoog:ess |ot:ocacec ¯ l :es·
o|at|oos µ:oµos|og coost|tat|ooa| aaeocaeots to
||a|tt|ej a:|sc|ct|oooit|e L · ·aµ:eae Coa:t
o: tooñset |a:aia| eñects oit|e Coa:ts :eceot
cec|s|oos. l|ity·ooe oi t|e µ:oµosec aaeocaeots
we:e a|aec at t|e Coa:ts state-|eg|s|at|ve aµµo:·
t|ooaeot cec|s|oos , l ·, aga|ost t|e Coa:ts cec|·
s|oos oat|aw.og µ:aye: aoc ß|||e-:eac|og |oµa|·
||c sc|oo|s , ûve, aga|ost ot|e: Wa::eo Coa:t
asa:µat| oosoiµowe:
What Should Be Done
toe iaocaaeota| µ:|oc|µ|e oi oa: coost|ta·
t|ooa|systea|s t|att|eCoost|tat|oo |sa||oc|og
coot:act, aeao|og exact|y w|at |t says, to |e
o|eyec exµ||c|t|y |y a|| ageoc|es oi t|e iece:a|
gove:oaeot. £veo |i t|e P:es|ceot, a|| aea|e:s
oiCoog:ess, aoct|etota| µoµa|at|oowaot soae·
t||og cooe, t|e iece:a| gove:oaeot caooot |e·
ga||yco|t, ao|esst|eCoost|tat|ooc|ea:|yaat|o:·
|zes t|e ces|:ec act|oo
Ii io: aoyµa:µosew|ateve: t|e iece:a|
gove:oaeot acts w|t|oat c|ea: coost|tat|ooa|
aat|o:|ty, t|eo we |ave unauthorized, lawless
gove:oaeot.
·|oce|aaao|e|ogs |oc|ac|ogP:es|ceotsaoc
aea|e:s oiCoog:ess a:e ia|||||e, |t |s |oev|t·
a||e t|at Coog:ess w||| occas|ooa||y eoact, aoc
t|e P:es|ceot w||| aµµ:ove, a |aw w||c| t|e
P:es|ceot aoc a aaj o:|ty oi Coog:ess think t|e
Coost|tat|ooaat|o:|zes |atw||c|ot|e:sthink
t|e Coost|tat|oo coes oot aat|o:|ze
Iit|ecoost|tat|ooa||tyoisac|a |aw o:aoy
|aw |stestec|ot|ecoa:ts, oocoa:t|asaat|o:·
|ty to coos|1e: t|e soc|a|, ecoooa|c, µo||t|ca| o:
ot|e:merits o:demerits oit|e|aw No coa:tcao
va||c|y coos.ce: sac| qaest|oos as w|et|e: t|e
|aw woc|c |e gooc o: |ac io: t|e coaot:y o:
w|et|e: t|e µeoµ|e seea to waot o: oot waot
t|e |aw. A coa:t cao |ega||y coos|ce: oo|y ooe
qaest|oo. Does t|e Coost|tat|oo as aaeocec o|
v|oas|y g|ve t|e iece:a| gove:oaeot µowe: to
eoactt|e|aw:Iocec|c|ogt||sqaest|oo,t|ecoa:t
caooot va||c|y eote:ta|o sac| coos|ce:at|oos as
aoce:o oeecs o: c|aog|og t|aes, o: aite:e1 coo-
Page 106
citioos io oa: society. Ioa+|iog its cecisioo, t|e
coa:tc+ooot|eg+| |y:e|yoo itsowo,o:+oyot|e:,
cooteaµo:+:y oµioioo +|oat t|e ae+oiog oi t|e
coostitatioo+| µ:ovisioo io qaestioo. Leg+||y, t|e
coa:taast :est:ictitse|ito cete:aioiogw|+t t|e
coostitatioo+| µ:ovisioo io qaestioo ae+ot at the
time it was written and adopted
J
to the people
who wrote and adopted it.
T|e original ioteot oi +oy µ:ovisioo oi t|e
Coostitatioo +s +aeocec must |e cete:aioec |y
t|eoriginal |isto:ic+|:eco:coit|+tµ:ovisioo Io
t|e c+se oi+ µ:ovisioo iot|eCoostitatioo itse|i.
t|eo:igio+|:eco:ccoosistsoice|+tes+tt|eCoo
stitatioo+| Cooveot|oooi 1787 ; c|scassioosoit|e
µ:ovisiooiot|eFederalist Papen (+co||ectioooi
ess+ys w:itteo |y )+aes m+cisoo, A|ex+oce:
H+ai|too, +oc )o|o)+y, exµ|+ioiog t|e ae+oiog
oit|e Coostitatioo, toµe:sa+cet|eµeoµ|eoit|e
st+testo+µµ:ove:+tiûc+tioo,, +ocomci+| ce|+tes
io t|e st+tesw|ic|:+tiûect|e Coostitatioo
Iot|ec+seoi+ coostitatioo+| +aeocaeot, t|e
:eco:cs :eve+|iog its original ioteot coosist oi
ce|+tesiot|eo+tioo+|Coog:essw|ic|sa|aittec
t|e +aeocaeot, +oc ce|+tes io t|e st+tes w|ic|
+coµtecit.
Geoe:+||y, t|e |+oga+ge oi t|e Coostitatioo
+oc t|e |isto:ic+| :eco:c wi|| c|e+:|y :eve+| t|+t
t|e Coostitatioo coes o: coes oot g:+ot + µowe:
w|ic| t|e iece:+| gove:oaeot +ssaaes io eo+ct-
iog + |+v. Io :+:e iost+oces v|e:e t|e:e a+y |e
:e+soo+||e coa|t w|et|e: t|e gove:oaeot coes
o: coes oot |+ve t|e µowe: +ssaaec, t|e |+w io
qaestioo isaocoostitatioo+| It is +o +|so|ate ce:-
t+iotyt|+tt|eioteotoit|eµeoµ|ew|ow:otet|e
Coost|tat|oo,+o1o(t|osew|o+1o¡te1|t,w+sto
est+||is| + |iaitec gove:oaeot oi enumerated
µowe:s Heoce, ii t|e Coostitatioo coes oot ob­
viously enumerate + µowe:, t|e iece:+| gove:o-
aeot c+ooot |+wia||y +ssaae t|+t µowe:.
\ |+t ist|e :eaecy ii t|e Coostitatioo coes
oot c|e+:|y +at|o:ize iece:+| +ctioo w|ic| t|e
µeoµ|ew+ot ? T|e:eaecy isnot io:t|e :aµ:eae
Coa:tto:eiote:¡:ett|eCoostitatioo to cecice
t|+t it oow ae+os, o: s|oa|c ae+o, soaet|iog
ciiie:eot i:oa w|+t it o:igio+||y ae+ot. T|e
oo|y|eg+|:eaecyisio:t|eµeoµ|e,+ctiogt|:oag|
µ:ocessessµeciieciot|ei:Coostitatioo,to+aeoc
t|eCoostitatioo+ocgivet|e iece:+|gove:oaeot
c|e+: +at|o:ity to co w|+t t|e µeoµ|e w+ot it
toco.
W|+tist|e:eaecyiit|e:aµ:eaeCoa:t|+ocs
cowo+cecisioow|ic|c|e+:|yvio|+test|eo:igio+|
ioteotoit|e Coostitatioo?
A:tic|e ·, :ectioo 2, c|+ase 2 oi t|e Coostita-
tioo s+ys
" . . . the supreme Court shall have appellate
Jurisdiction, both as to Law and Fact, with such
Exceptions and under such Regulations as the
Congress shall make."
T|is ae+os t|+t t|e :aµ:eae Coa:t |+s oo
+at|o:ityto|e+:+oyc+seoo +µµe+| ao|ess Coo·
g:ess|+ssµeciûc+||yg:+otecsac| +at|o:ity. T|is
:a|e w+s i:st eoaoci+tec |y t|e :aµ:eae Coa:t
io l ¯º:, iot|ec+se oi Wiscart venus Dauchy. (4)
C|iei)astice)o|om+:s|+||:e+ûi:aect|e :a|e
io l sl ciot|ec+seoiDurousseau versus United
States. ( 4)
T|e aost eaµ|+tic st+teaeot t|+t t|e +µµe|-
|+te j a:iscictioo oi t|e :aµ:eae Coa:t is tot+||y
ceµeoceotoo Coog:ess t|+tCoog:essc+ogive
o:t+|e+w+yt|eCoa:ts+at|o:ityto|e+:c+ses
is io United States versus Bitty. Io t|is c+se, ce·
cicec io l ºcs,t|e :aµ:eaeCoa:t |e|c that there
is no right to appeal to the Supreme Court ex­
cept as an act of Congress confers it. (4)
T|e aost c:+a+tic ceaoost:+tioo oi coog:es·
sioo+| µowe: ove: t|e :aµ:eae Coa:t is io t|e
mcC+:c|eC+seoil s:s l:oaµ+ge:l!oi:eo+te
Docaaeot No. 170:
"The power of Congress t o make exceptions
to the court's appellate j urisdiction has thus be·
come, in efect, a plenary power to bestow, with·
hold, and withdraw appellate j urisdiction, even
to the point of its abolition. And this power ex·
tends to the withdrawal of appellate j urisdiction
even in pending cases. In the notable case of
Ex parte McCardle, a Mississippi newspaper
editor who was being held in custody by the
tnili tary authorities acting under the authority
of the Reconstruction Acts fled a petition for a
writ of habeas corpus in the circuit court for
Pag 107
Southern Mississippi. He alleged unlawful re­
straint and challenged the validity [of] the Re­
construction statutes. The writ was issued, but
after a hearing the prisoner was remanded to
the custody of the military authorities. McCardle
then appealed to the Supreme Court which . . .
heard arguments on the merits of the case, and
took it under advisement. Before a conference
could be held, Congress, fearful of a test of the
Reconstruction Acts, enacted a statute withdraw­
ing appellate. j urisdiction from the Court in cer­
tain habeas corpus proceedings. The Court then
proceeded to dismiss the appeal for want of ju­
risdiction e o a ø "(4)
loacc|||eo|e Wiscart versus Dauchy |o l¯º:,
Durousseau versus United States | ol ºi c, Ex parte
McCardle |o l º:º , aoc United States versus Bitty
|o l ºcº.|e:ea:ee||e:cases |ow||c|||e·aµ:eae
Cea:: |e|cs, or e· .:s aeao.og ¡:eves, :|a: :|e
Cea:: caooe| |ega||y |ea: a case eo aµµea| aoc
:eoce: a va||c cec|s|eo ao|ess Ceog:ess |as sµe·
c|ûca||· g:ao|ec ||e Cea:: aµµe||a:e j a:|sc|c|.eo
:e|aoc|e||a|||oc eicase
Ex parte Yerger |o lºº:, Railroad Co. versus
Grant |o l º¯º, Kunz versus Moffitt |o l ºº· ,
Cross versus BU1'ke |o l ºº. , Missouri versus Mis­
souri Pacific Railroad Company |o l º·!, aoc
Stephan versus United States |o l º!·. '
A ceos|||a||eoa| aaeocaeo| :eeiise|aoao·
ceos||:a||eoa|cea:|cec|s|eowea|cceae:e|a:a
||aogeec
le:exaaµ|e,aes:ei:|e¡:e¡esecaaeocaeo:s
:esa|||ogi:ea||eNewYe:|·c|ee| P:aye: Case
cec|s|eo wea|c authorize µ:aye: aoc ß|||e
:eac|og | o µa|||c sc|ee|s ·ac| µ:eµesa|s |aµ|·
||a:||e¡:eseo: Ceos:|:a:|eo ea:|aws µ:a·e: aoc
ß|||e·:eac|og, aoc ||a| :|e Wa::eo Cea:| was
ceos|||a||eoa||y ce::ec| |o ||s P:aye: Case ce·
c|s|eo T|e |a¡||ca:|eos a:e ia|se T||s cec|s|eo
violated :|e Ceos||:a:|eo w||c| c|ea:|y prohibits
ao· ageocy ei ||e iece:a| geve:oaeo: i:ea
aecc||og |o ecaca||eoa| aoc :e||g|eas aa::e:s
mes: ei :|e ¡:e¡esec aaeocaeo|s :esa|||og
i:ea :|e Wa::eo Cea::s |eg|s|a:|ve aµµe:||eo·
ment decisi ons wea|c authorize s:a:es :e |ave
eoe |eg.s|a:|ve c|aaee: w|ese aeaee:s a:e oe|
e|ec|ec eo||:e|y eo ||e |as|s ei µeµa|a||eo ·ac|
µ:eµesa|s |aµ|y ||a| ||e s|a:es ce oe| a|:eacy
|ave :|a| aa||e:||· aoc :|a| :|e Wa::eo Cea:|
was ceos||:a:|eoa||· ce::ec| |o |:s |eg|s|a||ve aµ·
¡e::|eoaeo:cec|s|eos T|e|a¡||ca:|eosa:e ia|se
Loce: ||e Ceos|||a||eo, as is, s|a|es |ave ia||
aa:|e:||y |e aa|e sac| |eg|s|a:|ve aµµe:||eoaeo|
as ||e· µ|ease, aoc iece:a| cea:|s |ave no aa·
||e:||y |e | o|e:veoe.
J |eµ:eµe: :eaecy aga|os|all Wa::eo Cea:|
cec|s|eos |a:aia| :e ea: oa||eo |s s|aµ|e |eg|s·
|a||ve eoac:aeo| Ceog:ess s|ea|c µass a |aw
sa·|og||e iece:a| cea:|soeve: c|c |ave, ceoe|
oew |ave, aoc oeve: s|a|| |ave aµµe||a:e j a:|s·
c|c||eo |o ao· case aiiec||og :e||g|eas e: eca·
ca||eoa| aa||e:s , |o ao·caseaiiec||ogµ:ececa:es
ei s|a|e cea::s e: |aws eoac|ec |y s|a|e |eg|s·
|a:a:es , |o aoy case aiiec||og s|a|e aoc |eca|
|eg|s|a||ve e: execa||ve ac||eos |ove|v|og eiie:|s
|e ceo::e| saeve:s|veac||v|||es , |oaoy case añec|·
|og |oves||ga||ve ac||v|||es ei ||e oa||eoa| Ceo·
g:ess.
Te e||a|oa:e caaage a|:eacy ceoe, ||e law
s|ea|c cec|a:e oa|| aoc ve.c a|| iece:a| cea:|
cec|s|eos |o ||ese ûe|cs.
Fourteenth Amendment
Nes: ei ||e Wa::eo Cea:|s caaag|og ce·
c|s|eos a:e |asec eo ||e Iea:|eeo:| Aaeocaeo|
w||c| |s oe: a va||c µa:| ei ea: Ceos||:a:|eo.
T|e µewe: |e aaeoc ||e Ceos|||a||eo :es|ces,
exc|as|ve|·, |othe people of states in the union­
w|e |ave ao aese|a:e :|g|: |e :ej ec|, e: acceµ|,
a ¡:eµesec aaeocaeo|, w|||ea| aoy ||oc ei ce·
e:c|eo i:ea ao· e:aoc| e:ageoc· ei :|e iece:a|
geve:oaeo|. l: |s |aµe::ao| :e|eeµ |||s |oa|oc
w|||e :ev|ew|og ||e ||s:e:· ei ||e Iea:|eeo||
Aaeocaeo|
Da:|og ||e C|v|| Wa:, C|a:|es ·aaoe: ei
massac|ase::s ( :ac|ca| |eace: |o||e ·eoa|e, aoc
T|acceas·:eveoseiPeoos·|vao|a ( :ac|ca| |eace:
|o:|eHease, wao|ecP:es|ceo|A|:a|aaL|oce|o
:e ceos|ce::|esea:|e:os:a:es:e::|:e:|ese: a||eo
|aocs ea:s|ce ||e ao|eo, se ||a| :|ey cea|a be
|:ea|ec as ceoqae:ec µ:ev|oces |i :|e oe:|| weo
Page 108
t|e wa:. L|oco|o :eiasec to co t||s L|oco|o
aa|ota|oec t|at t|e Aae:|cao ao|oo was |oc|-
v|s|�|e, t|at t|e wa: was |e|og ioag|t, not to
a|o|is| s|ave:y. |at to sa¡¡:ess :e|e|||oo w||c|
t|:eateoec to c|saea|e: t|e ao|oo.( 5)
Co Decea|e: º, l º:·, L|oco|o io:aa||y ea-
µ|as|zec t||s coct:|oe |y |ssa|og a ¡:oc|aaat|oo,
µ:oa|s|og aaoesty ( io:g|veoess , to ¡eo¡|e | o
t|e cooiece:ate states w|o woa|c swea: aooat|
oia||eg|aocetot|eCoost|tat|ooaoctot|eao|oo ,
aoc µ:oa|se to o|ey |aws aoc µ:oc|aaat|oos
a|o||s||og s|ave:y.( 5) Ioasaac| as t|e oo:t| woo
t|ewa:,L|oco|o s¡o|otwasµ:ovec t|esoat|e:o
states oeve: c|c secece i:oa t|e ao|oo, t|ey
ae:e|y t:|ec to.
T|e cay |ost|||t|es eocec, t|e:eio:e t|esoat|-
e:o states we:e coost|tat|ooa||y eot|t|ec to ia||
:eµ:eseotat|oo |ot|eoat|ooa| Coog:ess T|e iec·
e:a| gove:oaeot coa|c oot |ega||y |ay cowo
cooc|t|oos io: ¨:eaca|tt|og¨ t|e soat|e:o states,
|ecaase, acco:c|og to t|e coct:|oe oi L|oco|o
aoc t|e cec|s|oo oiwa:, t|ey |ac oeve: |eit t|e
a:::oo.
Co Aµ:|| l!, l º:·, L|oco|o was assass|oatec,
|atoomay.º, ||ssaccesso:Aoc:ewjo|osoo
|ssaec a ¡:oc|aaat|oo oi aaoesty ¡atte:oec oo
L|oco|os µ:oc|aaat|oo oi Decea|e:, l º:· Co
t|e saae cay, jo|osoo a|so |ssaeca ¡:oc|aaat|oo
toca::yoatL|oco|os¡|aooi:ecoost:act|oojo|o·
soos ¡:oc|aaat|oo set a¡ a ¡:ov|s|ooa| gove:o-
aeot io: No:t| Ca:o||oa, aµ¡o|ot|og a gove:oo:
toca|| a cooveot|oo c|oseo |y t|e ¡eo¡le oi t|e
state io: t|eµa:µoseoi esta|||s||oga µe:aaoeot
state gove:oaeot T|e ¡e:soos qaa||i|ec to vote
io: ce|egates to t||s cooveot|oo we:e t|ose w|o
|ac |eeo qaa||i|ec to vote ¡:|o: to t|e C|v||
Wa:aoc w|o |ac ta|eo t|e :eqa|:ec oat| oi
aaoesty.( 5)
ßy ja|y l · , l º:·, P:es|ceot jo|osoo |ac aµ·
µ||ec t||s L|oco|o io:aa|a io: :ecoost:act|oo to
a|| :eaa|o|og states |o t|e cooiece:acy ßeio:e
Coog:ess cooveoec |o Decea|e:, l º:·, a|| coo·
federate states (except Texas, which dela
y
ed until
t|esµ:|og oi l º::) |ac t|as esta|||s|ec |eg|t|·
aate ge··e:oaeots Aoc, as states, a|| (exce¡t
m|ss|ss|¡¡| aoc Texas , . |ac :at|i|ec t|e T||:-
teeot| Aaeocaeot, a|o||s||og s|ave:y.
ßat w|eo Coog:ess cooveoec |o Decea|e:,
l º:·, t|e:ac|ca|s |o coot:o| :eiasec to seatke¡·
:eseotat|ves aoc ·eoato:s i:oa t|e cooiece:ate
states T|e:eio:e, |t was ao illegal Coog:ess, |e·
caase |t ceo|ec :e¡:eseotat|oo to states coost|ta-
t|ooa||y eot|t|ec to :eµ:eseotat|oo.
Co Aµ:||º, l º::, t|e| ||ega| Coog:ess eoactec
t|e C|v|| k|g|ts ß|||, ove: P:es. ceot jo|osoo s
veto To µ|ace t||s aeasa:e |eyooc t|e caoge:
oi ove:t|:ow |y t|e coa:ts, o: |y a sa|seqaeot,
|ega| Coog:ess, t|e :ac|ca| Coog:ess |oco:¡o:-
atec t|e esseot|a| µ:ov|s|oos oi t|e C|v|| k|g|ts
ß||| |o a keso|at|oo ¡:oµos|og t|e loa:teeot|
Aaeocaeot(4)
T|e keso|at|oo µ:oµos|og t|e loa:teeot|
Aaeocaeot µassec t|e ·eoate oo jaoe º, l º::,
|y a vote oi ·· to l l , w|t| ûve ·eoato:s oot
vot|og. Cojaoe l ·, l º::, t|e Hoasetoo| a i|oa|
vote oo t|e :eso|at|oo l .c keµ:eseotat|ves io:
t|e µ:o¡osa|, ·. o¡¡osec, aoc ·. oot vot|og.
T||s vote |o t|e Hoase woa|c oot |ave |eeo
va||c,even in a legal Congress, |ecaase |tc|coot
aeet t|e coost|tat|ooa| :eqa|:eaeot t|at a :eso-
|at|ooµ:oµos|ogacoost|tat|ooa|aaeocaeotaast
|ea¡µ:ovec|ytwo·t||:csoi|ot| Hoases T|e:e
we:e l º! keµ:eseotat|ves |o t|e | ||ega| Coog:ess
oo jaoe l ·, l º::. Two-t||:cs oi t|at oaa|e:
woa|c |ave |eeo l .·. Co|y l .c votec io: t|e
keso|at|oo ¡:oµos|og t|e loa:teeot| Aaeoc·
:neot.
Nooet|e|ess, t|e |eace:s||¡ o( Coog:ess a:||-
t:a:||ycec|a:ect|e keso|at|oo eoactec. Coog:ess
sa|a|ttec t|e loa:teeot| Aaeocaeot µ:oµosa|
to a|| states io: :at|i|cat|oo|oc|ac|og t|e coo-
iece:ate states w||c| |ac |eeo ceo|ec :eµ:eseo-
tat|oo.
Teooesseewast|eoo|ycooiece:atestatew||c|
vo|aota:||y :at|i|ec t|e loa:teeot| Aaeocaeot.
T|e ot|e:teo cooiece:ate states ( A|a|aaa, A:|·
aosas, l|o:.ca, Geo:g|a, Loa|s|aoa, m|ss|ss|µ¡| ,
No:t| Ca:o||oa ·oat| Ca:o||oa. Texas. aocV|:-
g|o|a, :ej ectec |t loa: states oats|ce t|e o|c
cooiece:acy a|so :ejectec t|e Aaeocaeot Ca|i-
Page 109
i

:o|a, Del

wa:e,Keotac|y, ao1ma:ylao1. Iewa
1:1 oot :auiy t|e loa:teeot| Aaeo1aeot aot|l


|l 3, l º:º , ao1 massac|asetts 1|1 oot :at|i·
aot:l ma:c| .c, l º:¯.

T|as, |y t|e i|:st oi ma:c|, l º:¯, ooly . l oi
t|e t|eo 37 states sa|1 to |e |o t|e ao|oo |a1
:at|i|e1 t|e µ:oµose1 loa:teeot| Aaeo1aeot( 8)
At
.
least.ºst

tes|a1to:at|iy,toaeett|ecoost|·
tat:eoal :eqa::eaeot t|at aaeo1aeots aast |e
aµµ:ove1 |y t|:ee-ioa:t|s oi all states.
·o, ooma:c| . , l º:¯,Coog:essµasse1 t|eke·
coost:act|oo Act, a|ol|s||og gove:oaeots |o t|e
teo cooie1e:ate states w||c| |a1 :ej ecte1 t|e
loa:teeot| Aaeo1aeot T|e Act µlace1 t|ese
teo states ao1e: a|l|ta:y 1|ctato:s||µ, :eqa|:|og
t|ecoaaao1|og geoe:als to µ:eµa:e t|e :olls oi
vote:s io: cooveot|oos to io:aalate gove:oaeots
acceµta|le to Coog:ess.
Ive:yooe w|o |a1 se:ve1 |o t|e Cooie1e:ate
a:ae1 io:ces vas 1eo|e1 t|e :|g|t to vote o: to
|ol1oii|ce1esµ|tet|eµ:es|1eot|alµ:oclaaat|oo
oi aaoesty. V|:taally t|e ooly µe:soos µe:a|tte1
to vote o: to |ol1 oii|ce we:e oeg:oes, soat|e:o
scalawags,ao1ca:µet|agge:s i:oa t|e oo:t| ao1
i:oa io:e|go coaot:|es.(5,6,7) T|e kecoost:act|oo
Act µ:ov|1e1 t|at w|eo t|e leg|slata:es oi t|ese
:ecoost:act|oo gove:oaeots :at|i|e1 t|e loa:·
teeot| Aaeo1aeot, t|estatesvoal1 |e a1a|tte1
to t|e ao|ooalt|oag| t|e Coost|tat|oo clea:ly
µ:ov|1es t|at ooly states al:ea1y |o t|e ao|oo
cao act oo aaeo1aeots, ao1 g|ves Coog:ess oo
aat|o:|ty to coe:ce act|oo oo aaeo1aeots.
Coog:ess 1eo|e1 soat|e:o states j a1|c|al :el|ei,
|y|ot|a|1at|ogt|e·aµ:eae Coa:t|otos|leoce-
t|:eateo|ogto a|ol|s|t|e Coa:ts aµµellate j a:|s·
1|ct|oo, o: to a|ol|s| t|e Coa:t |tseli, |y coost|-
tat|ooal aaeo1aeot.
W|eo m|ss|ss|µµ| atteaµte1 to seca:e a coa:t
|oj aoct|oo to µ:eveot t|e P:es|1eot i:oa eo-
io:c|og t|e aocoost|tat|ooal kecoost:act|oo Act
( ao1 w|eo Geo:g|a as|e1 io: ao |oj aoct|oo to
|eeµ a:ay oace:s i:oa eoio:c|og t|e Act,
, t|e
·aµ:eae Coa:t :eiase1 to |ea: t|e .ases. C||ei
jas|.ce ·alaoo P C|ase sa|1 t|at eveo |i t|e
Coa:t|ea:1t|ecasesao1g:aote1t|e|oj aoct|oos,
|t coal1 oot eoio:ce |ts 1ec:ees.( 9)
P:es|1eot Ao1:ev jo|osoo calle1 t|e kecoo-
st:act|oo Act a ||ll oi atta|o1e: aga|ost o|oe
a|ll|ooµeoµle at ooce ¨( 9)
Da:|og 1e|ates |ot|e·eoate, ove: µassage oi
t|e Act, ·eoato: Dool|ttle oi W|scoos|o coo· ,
1

ao|og t|e :a1|cals io: w|at t|ey we:e 1o|og,
sa: 1.
"The people of the South have rejected the
constitutional amendment [ the Fourteenth] , and
therefore we will march upon them and force
them

o ad

�t it at the point of the bayonet, and
estabhsh mIhtary power over them until they do
adopt it."( 9)
T|at |s µ:ec|sely w|at |aµµeoe1 A:ay |ayo·
oets esco:te1 |ll|te:ate oeg:oes ao1 w||te ca:µet-
|agge:stot|eµolls,|eeµ|ogaostsoat|e:ow||tes
away.
ßyjaly .c, l º:º, Iowa ao1

massac|asetts |a1
:at|i|e1t|eloa:teeot|Aaeo1aeot,ao1t|eleg|s·
lata:es oi s|x ¨:ecoost:acte1¨ cooie1e:ate states
( Ala|aaa, A:|aosas, llo:|1a, Loa|s|aoa, No:t|
Ca:ol|oa, ·oat| Ca:ol|oa, |a1 :at|i|e1. T|ese
e|g|t oew :at|i|cat|oos, µlas t|e . l w||c| |a1
|eeocoaµlete1|eio:ema:c|, l º:¯,aa1eatotal
oi .º state :at|i|cat|oos |y ]aly .c, l º:º.
ßat leg|slsto:s oi two oo:t|e:o states |ac
c|aoge1 t|e|:a|o1s. T|e|:seoseoi1eceocyoat-
:age1 |y t|e w|ole aoost:oas µ:oce1a:e, leg|s·
lato:s oi New je:sey (oo ma:c| .!, l º:º) ao1
oi C||o (oo ]aoaa:y l · , l º:º ) w|t|1:ew t|e|:
:at|i|cat|oos, ao1:ej ecte1t|eloa:teeot| Aaeo1-
aeot. Cooseqaeotly, t|e:e we:e st|ll oot eooag|
:at|i|cat|oosto a1oµt t|eAaeo1aeot.T|e:e |a1
to |e .º. T|e:ewe:eooly .¯. (8,9)
Co jaly .o, i º:º, ·ec:eta:y oi ·tate W|ll|aa
H. ·ewa:1 µ:ocla|ae1 t|at t|:ee·ioa:t|s oi t|e
states had :at|i|e1 t|e loa:teeot| Aaeo1aeot
if t|e leg|slata:es w||c| :at|i|e1 |o t|e s|x coo-
ie1e:ate states we:e authentically ofganized
J
ao1
if New je:sey ao1 C||o we:e oot allowe1 to
:ej ect t|e Aaeo1aeot. T|e :a1|cal Coog:ess 1|1
oot l||e ·ec:eta:y ·ewa:1 s eqa|vocat|oo a|oat
legal|ty.(8,9)
Cojaly. l, l º:º, Coog:essµasse1aj o|ot:eso-
lat|oo 1ecla:|og t|e loa:teeot| Aaeoaaeot a
val|1 µa:t o| t|e Coost|tat|oo, 1|:ect|og ·ewa:c
Page 110
toµ:oc|a|a|tassac|.Coja|y.º, l º´º,·ec:eta:y
·ewa:c ce:t|||ec, w|t|oat :ese:vat|oo, t|at t|e
Aaeocaeot was µa:t o| t|e Coost.tat|oo.'·
¡:eecoa o|t|e s|ave :acewas, osteos|||y, t|e
exc|as|ve µa:µose o| t|e |:aae:s o| t|e loa:-
teeot| Aaeocaeot Yet, as sooo as t|e Aaeoc·
aeotwas cec|a:ec acoµtec, eûo:tswe:e a+ce to
ase |tasaweaµooto cest:oystates:|g|ts. G:oaµs
aoc |oc|v|caa|s, w|o c|c oot |||e ce:ta|o |oca|
o: state |aws, |:oag|t cases |oto |ece:a| coa:ts,
c|a|a|og t|e loa:teeot| Aaeocaeot gave t|e
|ece:a| gove:oaeot aat|o:|ty to saµe:v|se act|v·
|t|es o|stateaoc |oca| gove:oaeots.
Io lº¯·, t|e :aµ:eae Coa:t |ea:c t|e ||:st
casetest.ogt||scoct:|oe,aoc|e|ct|att|eloa:·
teeot| Aaeocaeot c|c not aat|o:|ze |ece:a| |o-
te:veot|oo |o state aoc |oca| a||a|:s T|e Coa:t
sa|c t|e :ea| µa:µose o|t|osew|o c|a|aec sac|

|ece:a| aat|o:|ty aoce: t|e loa:teeot| Aaeoc�
aeot, ¨was to ceot:a||ze|ot|e |aocs o|t|e |ec·
e:a| gove:oaeot µowe:s ||t|e:to exe:c|sec |y
t|estates. ¨ '·
To |oste: sac| |oteot|oos, t|e Coa:t cec|a:ec,
woa|c |e
" . . . to constitute this Court a perpetual censor
upon all legislation of the States . . . with author­
ity to nullify such as it did not approve . . . 4
"The efect of so great a departure from the
structure and spirit of our institutions is to fetter
and degrade the State governments by subject­
ing them to the control of Congress, in the exer­
cise of powers, heretofore universally conceded
to them, of the most ordinary and fundamental
character.
"We are convinced that no such results were
intended by the Congress, nor by the legislatures
which ratifed this Fourteenth Amendment."
1|e Coa:ts pos|t|oo oo t||s µo|ot |egao to
wea|eo at t|e ta:o o| t|e ceota:y, aoc, |y t|e
l º·c s, t|e Coa:t |ac |egao to assaae j a:|s·
c|ct|oo, aoce:t|eloa:teeot| Aaeocaeot, to act
as ¨ceoso: aµoo . . . |eg|s|at|oo o| t|e states. ¨
T|e Wa::eo Coa:t |as asec t|e loa:teeot|
Aaeocaeot to coove:t |tse|| |oto a j ac|c|a| o||·
ga:c|·, w|t| ao||a|tec ¡owe: to co w|at |t
µ|eases.
t|v|oas|y, we oeec to e||a|oate t|e loa:·
teeot|Aaeocaeotaocoa||||ya||coa:tcec|s|oos,
execat|ve act|oos aca|o|st:at|ve :ega|at|oos, aoc
|aws|asecoo |t.
How: ßy s|aµ|e |eg|s|at|ve eoactaeot, Coo-
g:ess coa|c ¡:oc|a|a t|e Aaeocaeot |ova|| c,
|att||swoa|c|ecaoge:oas ltcoa|csetaµ:ece·
ceot w||c| Coog:ess a|g|t t:y to ase |o e||a|-
oat|og a 1)alid aaeocaeot to t|e Coost|tat|oo
Coog:ess coa|c eoact a :eso|at|oo µ:oµos|og
:eµea| o| t|e loa:teeot| Aaeocaeot , |at t||s
woa|c |aµ|y t|at t|e Aaeocaeot |s oow |ega|.
T|e oo|yµ:oµe: :eaecy aµµea:s to |e a :eso·
|at|oo |y Coog:ess re-submitting t|e loa:teeot|
Aaeocaeot to a|| states |o: µ:oµe: :at|||cat|oo
o: :eject|oo.
Io ot|e: wo:cs, t||s v|ta| qaest|oo s|oa|c be
:eso|vec oot |y soae |:aoc| o: ageocy o| gov·
e:oaeot, |at |y t|e µeoµ|e t|ease|ves, act|og
t|:oag| t|e|: state |eg|s|ata:es |y cae coost|·
tat|ooa| µ:ocess I| t|e µeoµ|e waot t|e loa:·
teeot| Aaeocaeot aoc a|| t|at |t |as µ:ocacec,
t|ey coa|c µe:saace t|:ee·|oa:t|s o| t|e state
|eg|s|ata:es to :at||y |t |ega||y.
NEXT WEEK
Wew||| cooc|ace t||s |oa:·µa:t senes oo t|e
£a:| Wa::eo Coa:t.
FOOTNOTES
For specific information on Supreme Court decisions mentioned
herein, see this Rep01·t, "Earl Warren Court - Part I. "
( 1 ) Congressional Record, August 21, 1958, O. 17437 ( daily)
( 2 ) " 2 1 States Pressing For Apportionment Amendment," Con­
gressional QuaYle"'y Weekly Repof/, March 5, 1965, OO. 339,
3 59
( 3 ) "Amendments Hit The Court," by Ken Thompson, The Dallas
Morning News, February 22, 1965, Sec. 4, p. 2
( 4) The Constitution of the United States of Amefica, Analysis and
Intefpretation: Annotclions of Cases Decided by the Supfeme
Court of the United States to June 30, 1952, prepared by the
Legislati ve Reference Service of the Library of Congress and
edited by Edward S. Corwin, published as Senate Document
170, May 30, 1953, pp. 614-6, 749-49, 966-78
( 5 ) The Encyclopedic B" itanJica, Fourteenth Edition, Vol. 22, OO.
81 0 ff.
( 6 ) Andrew Johnson: A Study II Coufage, by Lloyd Paul Stryker,
The MacMillan Company, New York, 1929, Chapter XXVI
( 7) A Bfochure On The 14th Amendment, written and published
by John B. Mason, 357 East Wood, Raymondville, Texas, 1956
( 8 ) The Fourteenth Amendment To The Constitution Of The
United States, A Study, written and published by Walter E.
Long, P. O. Box 1 , Austin, Texas, 1960
( 9) "The Dubious Origin Of The Fourteenth Amendment," by
Walter ]. Suthon, Jr. , Tulane Law Review, Vol. XVIII, New
Orleans, Louisiana, December, 1 953q OO. 22-44
( 10) Introduced as HR 5688 in the present Congress, this bill to
null ify h:rful effects of the Mallory Rule w:s again passed
by the House on March 22, 1965. It now awaits action in the
Senate.
Page 111
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Pag 112
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ÏMË
III Smoot le,o,t
Vol. I I , No. 1 5 (Broadcast 503)
April 1 2, 1 965 Dallas, Texas
DAN SMOOT
EARL WARRE N COURT-PART I V
"There is no danger I apprehend so much as the consolidation of ÖHÌ goverment by the noiseless, and therefore ΡfΪ
alarmmg, msttlmentaftty of the supreme court. JJ ¯ Thomas Jefferson
( 1)
Warren Should Be I mpeached
A |aw o| Coog:ess µ:o||||t|og t|e :aµ:eae Coa:t |:oa acceµt|og j a:|sc|ct|oo |o aoy o|
t|e tyµes o| cases w||c| |t |as w:oog|y |aoc|ec, aocoa||||y|og cec|s|oos a|:eacy |aocec cowo
|o sac| cases , aoc a :eso|at|oo o| Coog:ess, :e·sa|a|tt|og t|e loa:teeot| Aaeocaeot |o: :e·
j ect|oo o: :at|||cat|oo |y t|e µeoµ|et|ese tvo aeasa:es voa|c e||a|oate aost o| t|e caaage
cooe |y t|e Wa::eo Coa:t aoc woa|c µ:eveot s|a||a: caaage |o t|e |ata:e
·
ßat t|at |s oot eooag|
:|aµ|e |eg|s|at|ve act|oo w||| aot aoco t|e aaj o: c|sse:v|ce w||c| Wa::eo |as cooe |o ce·
st:oy|og µa|||c :esµect |o: t|e :aµ:eae Coa:t 1o :e·esta|||s| t|e Coa:t as a veoe:atec µa:t o|
oa: aago| ||ceot coost|tat|ooa| systea, Coog:ess s|oa|c |aµeac| £a:| Wa::eo.
J|e Coost|tat|oo says |ece:a| j acges s|a|| |o|c t|e|: oacesoot |o: |||e|at ca:|og gooc
|e|av|o: It a|so says, ¨j ac|c|a| Cace:s . . . s|a|||e|oaoc|yCat|o:Aa:aat|ootosaµµo:tt||s
Coost|tat|oo .
J
Cooce:o|og |aµeac|aeot, t|e Coost|tat|oo µ:ov|ces
"The House of Representatives shall . . . have the sole Power of Impeachment
"The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments. When sitting for that Pur·
pose, they shall be on Oath or Afrmation. When the President of the United States is tried, the
Chief Justice shall preside: And no Person shal l be convicted without the Concurrence of two
thirds of the Members present . Þ Þ Þ
THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, a magazine published every week by The Dan Smoot Report, Inc., mail·
ing address P. O. Box 9538, Lakewood Station, Dallas, Texas 75214; Telephone TAylor 1·2303 (office
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Add 2% sales tax on all orders originating in Texas for Texas delivery.
Copyright by Dan Smoot, 1965. Second class mail privilege authorized at Dallas, Texas.
No Reproductions Permitted.
Page 113
"The President, Vice President and all civil
Ofcers of the United States, shall be removed
from Ofce on Impeachment for, and Convic­
tion of, Treason, Bribery, or other high crimes
and Misdemeanors."
Treason |s ceûoec as ¨Levy|og Wa: aga|ost
t|ea ¯ t|eLo|tec:tates ] , o:|oac|e:|ogtot|e|:
£oea|es, g|v|og t|ea A|c aoc Coa|o:t.¨
Da:|og|aµeac|aeotµ:oceec|ogsaga|ostP:es|·
ceot Aoc:ew jo|osoo (| o l º´º, t||s ceûo|t|oo
was ceve|oµec
"An impeachable high crime or misdemeanor
is one in its nature or consequences subversive
of some fundamental or essential principle of
government or highly prejudicial to the public
interest, and this may consist of a violation of the
Constitution, of law, of an ofcial oath, or of
duty, by an act committed or omitted, or, without
violating a positive law, by the abuse of dis­
cretionary powers from improper motives or for
an improper purpose. "( 2)
£a:| Wa::eo coa|c |e |aµeac|ec |o: ||g|
c:|aes, a|sceaeaoo:s, |a||a:e to |e |oaoc |y
oat| o| oace, aoc, µoss|||y, t:easoo.
W|toesses coa|c |oc|ace µ:oa|oeot µe:soos
qaotec|ot||sReport |astwee| (aocaaoyot|e:s ,
w|o |ave cooceaoec Wa::eo |o: v|o|at|og ||s
oat| to saµµo:t t|eCoost|tat|oo, aoc |o: a|c|og
coaaao|stsw|oa:eswo:oeoea|es o|t|eLo|tec
:tates. T|e µ:|aa:yw|toesses coa|c |e Wa::eos
|e||ow :aµ:eae Coa:t j ast|cesaeo w|ose c|s-
seots|:oacec|s|oos|ow||c|Wa::eoµa:t|c|µatec
a:ec|ea:|yaccasat|ooso|impeachable high crimes
and misdemeanors, as oac|a||y ceûoec |o l º´º.
Testimony Against Warren
He|ow a:e saaµ|es o| t|e ||oc o| test|aooy
aga|ost £a:| Wa::eo w||c| cao |e g|eaoec |:oa
oac|a| oµ|o|oos o| Assoc|ate :aµ:eae Coa:t
jast|ces. T|e l . cases |:oa w||c| t|e saaµ|es
a:e ta|eo we:e cec|cec ca:|og :|e µe:|oc,
l º· ´· l º´!, aoc we:e |:|e||y :ev|evec |o ¨£a:|
Wa::eo Coa:tPa:t I, ¨ t|e ma:c| .., l º´·,
|ssae o| t||s Report.
THE CASE OF SUBVERSIVE FEDERAL EM­
PLOYEES. Assoc|atejast|ces1oaC|a:|, :tao|e·
keec,aoc:|e:aaom|otooc|sseotec|ot|eWa:-
:eo Coa:ts lº·´cec|s|oo t|at t|e :aaaa:y :as·
µeos|oo Act o| l º·c aµ
|
||ec only to |ece:a|
eaµ|oyees |o seos|t|ve µos|t|oos jast|ce C|a:|
w:ote t|e c|sseot|og oµ|o|oo, say|og.
"The Court's order has stricken down the most
efective weapon against subversive activity avail­
able to the government. It is not realistic to say
that the Government can be protected merely
by applying the Act to sensitive jobs. One never
knows j ust which job is sensitive. The j anitor
might prove to be in as important a spot security­
wise as the top employee in the building."
KCNlG:ߣkG CA:£. D|sseot|og|ot|eWa:·
:eo Coa:t s Koo|gs|e:g Case cec|s|oo o| may ´,
l º·¯, Assoc|a:ejast|cejo|oma:s|a||Ha:|aosa|c
"It seems to me altogether beyond question
that a state may refuse admission to its bar to
an applicant, no matter how sincere, who re­
fuses to answer questions which are reasonably
relevant to his qualifications and which do not
invade a constitutionally privileged area . . . .
"But what the Court has really done, I think,
is simply to impose On California its own no­
tions of public policy and judgment. For me,
today's decision represents an unacceptable in­
trusion into a matter of State concern."
:CHWAk£ CA:£. Assoc|ate jast|ce le||x
l:ao||a:te: votec w|t| t|e Wa::eo Coa:t aa·
j o:|ty |o t|e :c|wa:e Case cec|s|oo o| may ´,
lº·¯, |atw:ote a seµa:ate, cooca::|og, oµ|o|oo,
sayag
"Admission to practice in a state and before
its courts necessarily belongs to that State . . . &
"It is beyond this Court's function to act as
overseer of a particular result of the procedure
established by a particular State for admission
to its bar . 4 # 4
"Especially in this realm, it is not our business
to substitute our judgment for the State's j udg­
ment - for it is the State in all the panoply of
its powers that is under review when the ac­
tion of its Supreme Court is under review."
j£NCK: CA:£. D|sseot|og |o t|e War:eo
Coa:ts jeoc|s Case cec|s|oo o| jaoe ·, lº·¯,
Assoc|ate jast|ce Toa C|a:| sa| c.
"The Court . . . . fashions a new rule of evi­
dence which is foreign to our federal juris-
Page 114
prudence . . . . The rule announced today has
no support in any of our cases. Every federal
j udge and every lawyer of federal experience
knows that . . . .
"Unless the congress changes the rule an­
nounced by the Court today, those intelligence
agencies of our government engaged in law en­
forcement may as well close up shop, for the
Court has opened their fles to the criminal and
thus aforded him a Roman holiday for rum­
maging through confdential information as well
as vital national secrets . . . .
"It opens up a veritable Pandora's box of
troubles. And all in the name of Justice."
W ATKl N : CA:£ D|sseot|og |ot|eW+::eo
Coa:ts W+t||os C+se cec|s|oo o|jaoe l ¯, lº·¯,
Assoc|+te jast|ce Toa C|+:| s+|c
"As I see it the chief fault in the majority
opinion is its mischievous curbing of the inform­
ing function of the Congress.
"So long · as the object of a legislative inquiry
is legitimate . . . it is not for the courts to in­
terfere with the committee system of inquiry.
To hold otherwise would be an infringement on
the power given the Congress to inform itself,
and thus to trespass upon the fundamental
American principle of separation of powers. The
majority [ of the Supreme Court] has substi­
tuted the judiciary as the grand inquisitor and
supervisor of congressional investigations. It has
never been so."
YAT£: CA:£. lo t|e Y+tes C+se cec|s|oo o|
jaoe l¯, l º·¯, t|e W+::eo coa:t, w||c| |s +o
appellate coa:t, asa:pec t|e |aoct|oo o| + j a:·
|o + trial coa:t, t|as v|o|+t|og +e+s|c p:|oc|p|e
o| Aae:|c+o j a:|sp:aceoce. D|sseot|og |o t||s
c+se, Assoc|+te jast|ce 1oa C|+:| s+:c.
"In its long history I fnd no [ other ] case i

which an acquittal has been ordered by thIS
Court solely on the fats. It is somewhat late to
start in now usurping the function of the jury,
especially where new trials are to be held cover­
ing the same charges."
N£WYCkK:CHCCLPkAY£kCA:£. D|s·
seot|og |ot|eW+::eo Coa:t sNewYo:|:c|oo|
P:+·e:C+se cec|s|ooo|jaoe .· , l º:., Assoc|+te
jast|ce Potte: :tew+:t s+|c.
". . . the court says that in permitting school
children to say . . . [ a ] simple prayer, the New
York authorities have established 'an ofcial re­
ligion. '
"With all respect, I think the court has mis­
applied a great constitutional principle. I can­
not see how an 'ofcial religion' is established
by letting those who want to say a prayer say
it. On the contrary, I think that to deny the
wish of these school children to join in recit­
ing this prayer is to deny them the opportunity
of sharing in the spiritual heritage of our na­
tion . . . .
APPCkTlCNm£NT CA:£: lo lºc·, Assoc|·
+te jast|ce jo|o m+:s|+|| H+:|+o (g:+oc|+t|e:
o| t|e p:eseot :ap:eae Coa:t j ast|ce w|t| t|e
s+ae o+ae, c|sseotec |o + :ap:eae Coa:t ce·
c|s|oo w||c| ove:ta:oec + New Yo:| :t+te |+w
:ega|+t|ogwo:||og |oa:s |o e+|e:|es, s+·|og.
"No evils arising from . . . [ State] legislation
could be more far-reaching than those that
might come to our system of government if the
judiciary, abandoning the sphere assigned to it
by the fundamental law, should enter the do­
main of legislation, and upon grounds merely
of j ustice or reason or wisdom annul statutes
that had received the sanction of the people's
representatives . . . .
Cojaoe l · , l º:!, t|e p:eseot Assoc|+tejast|ce
H+:|+o ( ec|o|og t|e p:op|et|c seot|aeots o| ||s
g:+oc|+t|e:, c|sseotec |o t|e W+::eo Coa:t s
+ppo:t|ooaeot cec|s|oos, s+·|og
"These decisions . . . have the efect of plac­
ing basic aspects of State political systems under
the pervasive overlordship of the Federal j udi­
ciary. Once again, I must register my protest.
"Today's holding is that the equal-protection
clause of the 14th amendment requires every
State to structure its legislature so that all the
members of each house represent substantially
the same number of people . . . .
"The equal-protection clause was never in­
tended to inhibit the States in . . . apportion­
ment of their legislatures. This is shown by the
language of the 1 4th amendment taken as a
whole, by the understanding of those who pro­
posed and ratifed it, and by the political prac­
tices of the States at the time the amendment
was adopted . + . .
"The failure of the Court to consider any of
these matters cannot be excused or explained by
Page 115
any concept of 'developing' constitutionalism. It
is meaningless to speak of constitutional 'develop­
ment' when both the language and the history
of the controlling provisions of the Constitution
are wholly ignored . . . .
"State legislative apportionments, as such, are
wholly free of constitutional limitations . . . .
The Court's action now bringing them within
the purview of the 1 4th amendment amounts
to nothing less than an exercise of the amend­
ing power by this Court . . . .
"So far as the Federal Contitution is con­
cerned, the complaints in these cases should all
have been dismissed . . . because what has been
alleged or proved shows no violation of any con­
stitutional right . . . .
"The history of the adoption of the 1 4th
amendment . provides conclusive evidence that
neither those who proposed nor those who rati­
fed the amendment believed that the equal - pro­
tection clause limited the power of the States to
apportion their legislatures as they saw ft. More­
over, the history demonstrates that the inten­
tion to leave this power undisturbed was de­
liberate . . . .
"The Court's elaboration of its new 'consti­
tutional' doctrine indicates how far - and how
unwisely - it has strayed from the appropriate
bounds of its authority . . . . It is difcult to imag­
ine a more intolerable and inappropriate in­
terference by the j udiciary with the independent
legislatures of the States . . . .
"Records such as these in the cases decided
today . . . . present a j arring picture of courts
threatening to take action in an area which they
have no business entering, inevitably on the
basis of political judgments which they are in­
competent to make. They show legislatures of
the States meeting in haste and deliberating and
deciding in haste to avoid the threat of j udicial
interference . 9 . .
"What is done today [ by the Supreme Court ]
deepens my conviction that j udicial entry int
?
this realm is profoundly ill-advised and constI­
tutionally impermissible . . . . The vitality of
our political system, on which in the last analysis
all else depends, is weakened by reliance on the
j udiciary for political reform; in time, a com­
placent body politic may result.
"These decisions also cut deeply into the fab­
ric of our federalism . . . . The aftermath of
these cases, however desirable it may be thought
in itself, will have been achieved at the cost
of a radical alteration in the relationship be­
tween the States and the Federal Government,
more particularly the Federal j udiciary. Only one
who has an overbearing impatience with the
Federal system and its political processes will
believe that that cost was not too high or was
inevitable . . . .
"The Constitution is an instrument of govern­
ment, fundamental to which is the premise that
in a difusion of governmental authority lies the
greatest promise that this Nation will realize
liberty for all its citizens.
"This court, limited in function in accordance
with that premise, does not serve its high purpose
when it exceeds its authority, even to satisfy j usti­
fed impatience with the slow workings of the
political process. For when, in the name of con­
stitutional interpretation, the court adds some­
thing to the Constitution that was deliberately
excluded from it, the court in reality substitutes
its view of what should be so far the amending
process."
Assoc|ate jast|ce Potte: ·tewa:t, c|ssect|cg |c
t|ejace l · , lº:!, aµµo:t|ocaectcec|s|ocs, sa| c.
"The Court's draconian [ which means, ac­
cording to Webster's Unabridged Dictionary,
barbarously severe; harsh; cruel ] pronounce­
ment, which makes unconstitutional the legisla­
tures of most of the 50 States, finds no support in
the words of the Constitution, in any prior de­
cision of this Court, or in the 1 75-year political
history of our Federal Union . . . ."
CCNGk£··ICNAL DI·TkICTING CA·£.
D|ssect|cg |c Wesberry versus Sanders, t|e
Wa::ec Coa:ts cocg:ess|oca| c|st:|ct|cg case ce·
c|s|oc, le|:aa:·l¯, iº:!,Assoc|atejast|ceHa:|ac
sa| c
"I had not expected t o witness the day when
the Supreme Court of the United States would
render a decision which casts grave doubt on the
constitutionality of the composition of the House
of Representatives. It is not an exaggeration to
say that such is the effect of today's decision . . . .
"It is unsound logically on its face and demon­
strably unsound historically . . . .
"It goes without saying that it is beyond the
province 'f this Court to decide whether equally
Page 116
populated districts is the preferable method for
electing Representatives, whether state legisla­
tures would have acted more fairly or wisely had
they adopted such a method, or whether Congress
has been derelict in not requiring state legis­
latures to follow that course. Once it is clear that
there is no constitutional right at stake, that ends
the case . . . .
"The Court's holding is, of course, derogatory
not only of the power of the state legislatures
but also of the power of Congress, both theoreti­
cally and as they have actually exercised their
power . . . . It freezes upon both, for no reason
other than that it seems wise to the majority
of the present Court, a particular political theory
for the selection of Representatives . . . .
"The . . . language of Article I, Sections 2 and
4 [ of the Constitution] , the surrounding text,
and the relevant history are all in strong and
consistent direct contradiction of the Court's
holding . . . .
"It cannot b contended, therefore, that the
Court's decision today fills a gap left by Con­
gress. On the contrary, the Court substitutes its
own j udgment for that of the Congress . . . .
"The claim for j udicial relief in this case
strikes at one of the fundamental doctrines of
our system of government, the separation of
powers. In upholding that claim, the Court at­
tempts to efect reforms in a feld which the Con­
stitution, as plainly as can be, has committed
exclusively to the political process . . . ø
"The Constitution does not confer on the
Court blanket authority to step into every situ­
ation where the political branch may be thought
to have fallen short . ø . .
"What is done today saps the political process
. . . . By yielding to the demand for a j udicial
remedy, in this instance, the Court in my view
does disservice both to itself and to the broader
values of our system of government . "
Assoc|ate jast|ce Potte: :tewa:ts c|sseot |o
Wesberry versus Sanders, says .
" . . . the Constitution gives no mandate to
this Court or to any court to ordain that congres­
sional districts within each State must be equal
in population."
·II·IN CA·I·. Assoc|ate ]astices Ha:iao,
ß|ac| aocW||tec|sseotec|ot|eWa::eoCoa:ts
,
)aoe22, l º:! cec|s|oow||c| ove:ta:oec t|ecoo·
v|ct|oos o| s|t·|o ceaoost:ato:s w|o |ac |eeo
t:|ec aoce:|oca| aoc state |aws µ:o||||t|og t:es·
µass oo µ:|vate µ:oµe:ty. T|e Coa:t gave oo
g:oaocs |o: |ts cec|s|oo. T|e c|sseot|og j ast|ces
sa|c
"We think that the question should be decided
and that the Fourteenth Amendment does not
forbid this application of a state's trespass laws
. . . to prosecute for crimes committed against
a person or his property, however narrow the
victim's views may be . . . . Such a doctrine would
not only be based on a fction, it would also
severely handicap a state's eforts to maintain a
peaceful and orderly society.
"Our society has put its trust in a system of
criminal laws to punish lawless conduct . . . it
would betray our whole plan for a tranquil and
orderly society to say that a citizen, because of
his personal prejudices, habits, attitudes, or be­
liefs is cast outside the law's protection and can­
not call for the aid of ofcers sworn to uphold
the law and preserve the peace.
" [ The 1 4th Amendment ] . . . does not prohibit
privately owned restaurants from choosing their
own customers. It does not destroy what has until
very recently been universally recognized in this
country as the unchallenged right of a man who
owns a business to run the business in his own
way so long as some valid regulatory statute does
not tell him otherwise."
mCNkC£ CA:£. D|sseot|og |o t|e Wa::eo
Coa:tsle|:aa:y20, l º:l , moo:oeCasecec|s|oo,
Assoc|+te]astice le||x l:+c||a:te: s+|ct|eeñect
o| t|e cec|s|oo was to coove:t t|e L. :. Coosti·
tat|oo|otoa,
"law to regulate the quotidian [ daily] business
of every traffic pliceman, every registrar of
elections, every city inspector or' investigator,
every clerk in every municipal licensing bureau
in this country."
NCIA CA:£. D|sseot|og |o Fay versus N oia
(m+:c| l s, l º:· , , Assoc|ate jast|ce Toa C|a:|
sa| c
"Beyond question the federal courts
.
until t

­
day have had no power to release a pns

ner II
respondent Noia's pre�ica

ent, there be

ng
.
no
basis for such power II eIther the ConstItutIon
or the statute. But the Court today in releasing
Page 117
Noia makes an abrupt break not only with the
Constitution and the statute but also with its
past decisions, disrupting the delicate balance of
federalism so foremost in the minds of the
Founding Fathers and so uniquely important in
the feld of law enforcement. The short of it is
that Noia's incarceration rests entirely on an
adequate and independent state ground-namely,
that he knowingly failed to perfect any appeal
from his conviction of murder . . . «
"The Court . . . efectively swings closed the
doors of justice in the face of the State, since it
certainly cannot prove its case 20 years after the
fact . . . .
"There can be no question but that a rash of
new applications from State prisoners will pour
into the Federal courts, and 98 percent of them
will be frivolous . . . . This infux will necessarily
have an adverse efect upon the disposition of
meritorious applications, for . . . they will be
buried in a food of worthless ones . - + .
"Second, the efective administration of crimi­
nal justice in State courts receives a staggering
blow. Habeas Corpus is in efect substituted for
appeal, seriously disturbing the orderly disposi­
tion of State prosecutions and jeopardizing the
fnality of State convictions in disregard of the
States' comprehensive procedural safeguards
which, until today, have been respected by the
Federal courts. Essential to the administration of
j ustice is the prompt enforcement of judicial
decrees. After today, State judgments will be
relegated to a judicial limbo, subject to Federal
collateral attack . . o .
"The rights of the States to develop and en­
force their own judicial procedures . . . . are
today attenuated if not obliterated in the name
of a victory for the 'struggle for personal liberty.'
But the Constitution comprehends another strug­
gle of equal importance and places upon our
shoulders the burden of maintaining it - the
struggle for law and order.
"I regret that the Court does not often recog­
nize that each defeat in that struggle [ for law
and order] chips away inexorably at the base
of that very personal liberty which it seeks to
protect . . . «
D|sseot|og|oFay versus !oia,Assoc|atejast|ce
Ha:|ao sa|c
"This decision, both in its abrupt break with
the past and in its consequences for the future,
is one of the most disquieting that the Court has
rendered in a long time . . . .
"The federal courts have no power, statutory
or constitutional, to release the respondent Noia
from state detention . . . . In what it does today,
the Court has turned its back on history and
struck a heavy blow at the foundations of our
federal system . o . .
Rational e of I mpeachment
As µo|otec oat | o ¨£a:l Wa::eo Coa:t-
Pa:t III,¨ µ:oµosa|s t|at L. ·

·aµ:eae Coa:t
j ast|ces|e|aµeac|ecwe:eaace|ole|:aa:yaoc
jaoe, l º·¯. Io t|e ja|y l , l º·¯, |ssae o| t||s
Report, I :ev|ewec eooag| c|sseot|og oµ|o|oos
|o Wa::eo Coa:t cec|s|oos to s|ow t|at t|e
j ast|cescoa|c|og|ca||y|e|aµeac|ecoot|e|as|s
o|w|at t|eywe:e say|og a|oat eac| ot|e:.
£a:|y |olº:l, ||ejo|o ß|:c| ·oc|ety |aaoc|ec
a µ:oject |o µa|||c ecacat|oo, to c:eate ao eca·
catec cooce:o aoc |os|steot ceaaoc t|at woalc
µe:saace t|e Hoase o| keµ:eseotat|ves to |:|og
|aµeac|aeot c|a:ges aga|ost C||e| jast|ce £a:l
Wa::eo.
W|e:easea:||e:saggest|oosa|oatt|e|aµeac|-
aeoto|seve:a|Wa::eoCoa:tj ast|ces|acc:eatec
:e|at|ve|y ||tt|e |ote:est, t|e jo|o ß|:c| ·oc|ety's
s|og||og oat £a:| Wa::eo evo|ec |ow|s o| :age
|:oa coaaao|sts aoc |||e:a|s t|:oag|oat t|e
|aoc. 1|e |aµeac|·£a:| Wa::eo µ:oj ect sta:tec
ao |oc:ec|||e ava|aoc|e o| |a|se aoc c|sto:tec
µ:oµagaoca |oteocec to c|sc:ec|t t|e jo|o ß|:c|
·oc|ety as a ¨|ateg:oaµ¨ aoc a|| |ts aea|e:s as
|oo|s, c:ac|µots, o: sa|ve:s|ves ao:e caoge:oas
t|ao coaaao|sts.
1|ejo|o ß|:c| ·oc|ety st||| ceaaocs |aµeac|·
aeoto|£a:|Wa::eo, aoc|e|tw|og|at:eco|t|e
·oc|ety st||| g:ows.
A t:eoc|ao:coaaeota:y oo t||s s|taat|oo was
aace |y lece:a| jacge 1. W||tûe|c Dav|csoo
o| Da||as, aµ:o|oaoc coost|tat|ooa| sc|ola: w|o
|as |eeo oo t|e |ece:al |eoc| |o: ao:e t|ao 30
years-probably the ablest man to
g
race the íec·
e:a|j ac|c|a:y| ot||sceota:y. Ioalette:pa|l|s|ec
Page 118
|yThe Dalas Morning News} Decea|e: ·, l º:!,
lece:a| jacge Dav|csoo sa| c.
" . . . I am not a member [ of the John Birch
Society] and am not personally acquainted with
any man or woman who is a member, according
to my knowledge; but during the recent cam­
paign I had heard it criticized as a group of ex­
tremists; and I have asked several people who
made the criticism to tell me what was the
extreme; and none of them could tell me . . . .
"I have never heard of the John Birch Society's
advocating anything in particular which I would
consider extreme. The worst thing they have
been charged with was an efort to impeach
Justice Warren. Well, Thomas Jeferson wanted
to impeach Judge Chase of the same court. He
was impeached and tried, though acquitted.
"Andrew Johnson was impeached and ac­
quitted, but the people who urged the impeach­
ment in each case have never been outlawed
nor has any well-organized group demanded
that they be outlawed.
"And our senior member of Congress, the
Hon. Wright Patman, introduced into Congress
an act to impeach Andrew Mellon when he was
secretary of the Treasury. We have never jumped
on Wright or denounced him as an extremist."
What You Can Do
1|e£a:|Wa::eoCoa:t|asv|:taa||ysc:aµµec
t|e Coost|tat|oo o| t|e Lo|tec :tates, |eav|og
asat t|e ae:cy o| a ||tt|e o||ga:c|y o| aeow|o
|ave asa:µec µowe: to :evo|at|oo|ze oa: soc|et·
aoc:eaa|e oa: o:gao|c |aw, |o coaµ||aoce w|t|
t|e|: µe:sooa| |ceo|og|es, w||as, aoc aoocs.
T|eceaaoct|atsoaet||og|ecooea|oatt|e
Coa:t|sg:eat,eataostµ:oµosa|s|o:aa||yee|og
aaceatµ:eseota:ew:oog. As I µo|ctec oat |ast
wee|, aoycoost|tat|ooa|aaeocaeotto o||set t|e
|a:a|a| eûects o| ao aocoost|tat|ooa| Wa::eo
Coa:t cec|s|oo woa|c co ao:e |a:a t|ao gooc.
Toso|vet|eµ:o||ea,Coog:esss|oa|ccot|:ee
t||ogs
( 1 ) Pass a law saying the federal courts never
did have, do not now have, and never shall have
appellate jurisdiction in any case afecting re­
ligious or educational matters; in any case afect­
ing procedures of state courts or laws enacted
by state legislatures; in any case afecting state
and local legislative or executive actions in­
volving eforts to control subversive activities;
in any case afecting investigative activities of the
national Congress-and declaring null and void
all federal court decisions already handed down
in these felds;
(2) Enact a resolution re-submitting the Four­
teenth Amendment to all states for proper rati­
fcation or rejection;
( 3) Impeach Chief Justice Earl Warren.
Coog:ess w||| co oooe o| t|ese t||ogs aot||
µae||c ceaacc |s ove:w|e|a|og Pae||c ceaaoc
w||| oeve: |e g:eat eooag|, aot|| t|e µa|||c |s
|o|o:aec aoc a:oasec to act|oo
T|e j oe o| t|ose w|o |oow w|at s|oa|c |e
cooe |s to ecacate ot|e:s Yoa w|o ag:ee w|t|
ayµ:oµosa|scaocoa va|aae|eµae||c se:v|ce|y
w|ce|yc|st:||at|og:eµ:|otso|t||s|oa:-µa:tse:|es
o|Reports oot|e£a:|Wa::eoCoa:t.AoyReport
|o t|e se:|es cao |e o:ce:ec |o |a|| at oa:
:ega|a: :eµ:|ot µ:|ces (qaotec at t|e |ottoa o|
t|ea:st µageo|eac| Report ) . A|| |oa: Reports
cao ee o:ce:ec as a set, at t|e |o||ow|og sµec|a|
µnces .
1 set s . ¯·
ic sets s !. ¯·
. · sets s º. ¯·
·c sets slº. ·c
icc sets s·· . cc
FOOTNOTES
For specific information on Supreme Court decisions mentioned
herein, see this Report, "Earl Warren Court-Part 1."
( 1 ) The Constitutional Principles of Thomas Jefferson, by Caleb
Perry Patterson, University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas, 1953,
p. 71
( 2 ) The Constitution of the United States of America: Analysis
and Interpretation: Annotations of Cases Decided By The
Supreme Court Of The United States To June 30, 1952,
prepared by the Legislative Reference Service of the Library
of Congress and edited by Edward S. Corwin, published as
Senate Document 170, May 30, 1953, pp. 503
Page 1 19
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ÏMË
Itl Smoot leport
Vol. 1 1, No. 1 6 (Broadcast 504) April 1 9, 1 965 Dallas, Texas
THROUGH T HE L OOKI NG GLASS
"The time has come," the W altus said,
"To talk of many things:
Of shoes - and ships - and sealing-wax -
Of cabbages - and kings -
And why the sea is boiling hot -
And whether pigs have wings. "
The Day The UN Laughed
DAN SMOOT
A:t|c|e l º o| t|e LN C|a:te: sa·s t|at ao· aea|e: oat|ootwo·ea:s ¨|oa::ea:s |o t|e µa··
aeot o| |ts ûoaoc|a| coot:||at|oos¨ to t|e LN ¨s|a|||aveoovote |o t|e Geoe:a| Assea||·.¨
ß· jaoaa:·, l º:!, t|e :ov|et Lo|oo was two ·ea:s |o a::ea:s |o µa·|og |ts LN assessaects.
Co le|:aa:· :¯, l º:!, Ha:|ao C|eve|aoc, L. :. Ass|staot :ec:eta:· o| :tate |o: Iote:oat|ooa| C:·
gao|zat|oo Aûa|:s, aoooaocec t|at t|e Lo|tec :tates woa|c exe:: a|| |ts powe: aoc |oûaeoce
to |ovo|e A:t|c|e l º aoc p:o||||t t|e :ov|ets |:oa vot|og oo ao· |ssae |o t|e LN Geoe:a|
Assea||·, || t|e :ov|ets |ac oot :ecacec t|e|: |oce|tecoess |e|o:e t|e l ºt| sess|oo o| t|e
Geoe:a| Assea||· |egao |o t|e |a|| o| l º:!. m:. C|eve|aoc sa|c LN |a||a:e to |o:ce t|e
:ov|ets to µa· t|e|: past·cae assessaeots woa|c c:eate w|cesp:eac p:otest |o t|e Lo|tec :tates
aoc se:|oas|· t|:eateo Lo|tec :tates µa:t|c|pat|oo |o t|e LN.( 2)
T|:oag|oat l º:!. sµo|esaeo |o: t|e )o|osoo aca|o|st:at|oo :epeatec t|e wa:o|og |ssaec |·
m: C|eve|aoc, aoc :e|te:atec ||s |ap||ec t|:eat t|at ||t|eLNc|coot ta|e act|oo aga|ostt|e
:ov|ets. t|e Lo|tec :tates woa|c ca:ta|| o: stoµ |ts coot:||at|oos to t|eLN.( 1)
ß· t|e eoc o|Novea|e:, l º:!, t|e LNµ:o||ea was at ao |apasse T|e :ov|ets woa|c oot
µa· t|e|: pastcae assessaeots aoc sa| c t|e· woa|c wa|| oat o| t|e LN . | ao· atteaµt was
aace to |ovo|e A:t|c|e l ºaga|ost t|ea. T|e l ºt|sess|ooo|t|eLNGeoe:a|Assea||·,sc|eca|ec
to |eg|o oo Decea|e: l . coa|c oot legally cooveoe ao|esst|eLo|tec:tates|ac|ec cowo |:oa
THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, a magazine published every week by The Dan Smoot Report, Inc., mail­
ing address P. O. Box 9538, Lakewood Station, Dallas, Texas 75214; Telephone TAylor 1-2303 ( office
address 6441 Gaston Avenue) . Subscription rates: $1 0.00 a year, $6.00 for 6 months, $18.00 for two years.
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Add 2% sales tax on all orders originating in Texas for Texas delivery.
Copyright by Dan Smoot, 1965. Second class mail privilege authorized at Dallas, Texas.
No Reproductions Permitted.
Page 121
|ts û:a staoc, |ecaase t|e û:st iaµo:taot o:ce:
o| |as|oess |o: eac| oew sess|oo |s ao e|ect|oo,
|y voteo|a||aea|e:sµ:eseot, o| a Geoe:a| As·
sea||y µ:es|ceot( 1)
L T|aot, LN :ec:eta:y Geoe:a|, cev|sec a
sc|eae to |y·µass oo:aa| µ:oceca:es . t|:oag|
|o|o:aa| c|scass|oo, LN ce|egates woa|c ag:ee
oo a caoc|cate |o: assea||y µ:es|ceot aoc t|eo,
oo t|e oµeo|og cay o| t|e oew sess|oo, |osta||
||a |o oace |y aoao|aoas acc|aaat|oo w|t|oat
µatt|og t|e aatte: to a vote. T|e Lo|tec ·tates,
st|||vow|ogt|at|twoa|cootµe:a|tt|eassea||y
tovote aot|| A:t|c|e l º|ac |eeo|ovo|ec aga|ost
t|e ·ov|ets, acceµtec L T|aots aaoeave: Co
Decea|e: l , l º:!, t|e LN Geoe:a| Assea||y
aetaoc,w|t|oatvot|og,acc|a|aecA|exCaa|soo·
:ac|ey assea||y µ:es|ceot Caa|soo·:ac|ey (LN

µo|

saao |o:t|ecoaaao|stc|ctato:o|G|aoa,
:s w:ce|y |oowo |o: ||s ||tte: |ost|||ty towa:c
t|e Lo|tec :tates.(1)
Cojaoaa:y.:, l º:·, Ac|a|£. ·teveosoosµo|e
to t|eLNGeoe:a| Assea||y, say|og t|e Lo|tec
Nat|oos woa|c |e |o se:|oas ûoaoc|a| t:oa||e ||
t|e ·ov|et Lo|oo c|c oot µay :c a||||oo co||a:s
assessec as t|e ·ov|et s|a:e o| t|e LN µeace·
|eeµ|og exµeoses I| t|e LN co||ectec |:oa t|e
·ov|ets, |oweve:, t|eLo|tec ·tatesµ|ecgec (m:.
:teveosoo sa|c, to |e|µ µay |o: ao |ote:oat|ooa|
wa: oo µove:ty to |e |oag|t t|:oag| LN ageo·
c|es. m:. :teveosoo sa|c t|e L. ·. |ac a|:eacy
coot:||atecao:e t|aotwo |||||oo co||a:s to LN
act|v|t|es aoc was w||||og to g|ve aac| ao:e.(3)
Itwasa :eaa:|a||e |:||e t|at m:. :teveosoo
oûe:ec a µ:oa|se to |oc:ease Aae:|cas aa|t|·
|||||oo-co||a:coot:||at|oos tot|eLN ||t|eLN
woa|cco||ectaae:e:ca||||oo|:oat|e·ov|ets.
ßat t|e LN c|c oot||og aoc, |y a|c·le|:aa:y,
lº:·, was |o a aost |ac|c:oas cooc|t|oo. Assess·
aeots|o:|tsl º:·|acget|acoot|eeoaace,aoc
coa|c oot |e aace w|t|oat a vote. T|e Lo|tec
·tates was st|| | û:a a|oat oot µe:a|tt|og t|e
assea||y to vote oo aoy |ssae w|t|oat û:st |o·
vo||og A:t|c|e l º aga|ost t|e ·ov|ets.
On February 1 6, 1965, c... ...-ºa.|e· t:|ec
toacj oa:ot|eGeoe:a|Assea||y,w||c||accooe
oot||og |atta||, s|oce |ts|o|t|a| |||ega| act|oo o|
c|oos|ogaµ:es|ceot|yacc|aaat|ooooDecea|e:
l , l º:! ' ' Ha||a ßaco, LN ce|egate |:oa coa·
aao|st A||ao|a, st:oce to t|e :ost:aa, µ:oµosec
t|att|eGeoe:a| Assea||y:esaaeoo:aa| vot|og
µ:oceca:es, aoc ceaaocec ao |aaec|atevoteoo
||s µ:oµosa|. I| ßaco c|c oot w|t|c:aw ||s
:eqaest, t|e assea||y coa|c oot acj oa:o aot||
||s µ:oµosa| was µat to a vote I| t|e Lo|tec
:tates stooc û:a, |t woa|c |ovo|e A:t|c|e l º
aga|os: t|e :ov|ets T|e :ov|ets we:e sa:e to
staoc û:a aoc :e|ase to µay. W|at woa|c
|aµµeo:
T|e:e was aac| sca::y|og a|oat Va:|oas LN
ce|egates c:owcec t|e :ost:aa |egg|og ßaco to
y|e|c. Ct|e:s a|||ec a:oaoc Caa|soo·:ac|ey,
w||sµe:|og acv|ce |o ||s ea:. Caa|soo-·ac|ey
|aogec ||s gave|, t:y|og to :a|e A||ao|as µ:o-
µosa| oat o| o:ce:. A|te: a|oat two |oa:s o|
taaa|t, Caa|soo-:ac|ey sacceecec, oot |o ac·
j oa:o|ogt|eassea||y,|at|o:ecess|og|t|o:two
cays ( aot|| T|a:scay, le|:aa:y l s) '·
T|a:scay ao:o|og, |e|o:e t|e assea||y coo·
veoec, t|e Lo|tec :tates ce|egat|oo |o|o:aec
ot|e: ce|ega:|oos t|at t|e Lo|tec :tates would
not yield t|e µo|ot |t |ac steac|ast|y |e|c aoc
o|teo :e|te:atec || t|e assea||y t:|ec to vote,
t|e Lo|tec ·tates woa|c |ovo|e A:t|c|e l º to
c|sqaa|||y t|e :ov|ets ßat, atoooooo T|a:scay,
ast|e assea||ywas |eg|oo|ogtocooveoe, Ac|a|
:teveosoooot|aecLN:ec:eta:yGeoe:a|LT|aot
t|at t|eLo|:ec :tates would yield aoc µe:a|t a
vote oo A||ao|a s µ:oµosa| w|t|oat |ovo||og
A:t|c|e l º''
Assoooast|eassea||ycooveoec, Ha||aßaco,
w|o|acoot|eeo :ecogo|zecto sµea|, acvaocec
to t|e µ|at|o:a aoc sta:tec aa||og a sµeec|,
ceaaoc|og a vote oo ||s µ:oµosa|. Loa||e to
s|at ßaco aµ, Caa|soo-:ac|ey ta:oec oû t|e
aaµ|||y|og systea, aoc t|e celegate |:oa :aac|
A:a||a c:aggec ßaco |ac|to ||s seat.(4
) .
Ac|a| ·teveosoo too| t|e µ|at|o:a oo a µo|ot
o| o:ce: to exµ|a|o t|at t|e Lo|tec ·tates |ac
cec|cec to y|e|c aoc µe:a|t a vote oo ßaco s
µ:oµosa|w|t|oat|ovo||ogA:t|cielº. ßaco,aow-
Pae 122
ever, would not let Stevenson talk. Standing at
his seat, shouting at the top of his voice, Budo
claimed that Stevenson had no right to speak
until after the vote was taken. Quaison-Sackey,
who had recognized Stevenson to make the speech,
banged his gavel and ruled that Budo was correct :
the U. S. delegate did not have a right to make
a speech before the vote. Stevenson cited a Gen­
eral Assembly rule which permitted such speeches
on a point of order prior to a vote. Quaison­
Sackey banged his gavel and reversed himself
again, tel ling Stevenson to proceed with his
speech. (4)
Unable to talk above the noise the Albanian
delegate was making, Stevenson repeatedly
stopped to plead with Quaison-Sackey that Budo
be silenced. Eventually, Quaison-Sackey asked
Budo to be quiet, saying, "The United States
delegate is trying to make a speech, I think. " (4)
This comment-laden with contempt for the
United States delegate-brought a roar of de­
risive laughter from the assembly. Eventually, the
noise subsided and Stevenson made his pronounce­
ment : the United States would back down and
permit a vote. ( 4) Laughter and applause erupted.
With sardonic smiles on their faces, the Soviets
and other communist bloc delegates, supported
the United States in the only vote taken in the
1 9th session of the UN General Assembly. By
a vote of 97 to :, with 1 3 nations abstaining,
the assembly decided that Albania's proposal was
out of order and that the assembly could adjourn
until September, 1965, without resuming normal
voting procedures. ''
Communist China was behind the Albanian
maneuver which forced the United States to
abandon a stand it had maintained for a year,
with repeated, emphatic assertions that it would
never yield. Once again, the U. S. State Depart­
ment had provided amplifcation for communist
propaganda foghorns to proclaim (as they

ave
been doing since the Korean war) that the Umted
b b· ( 4)
States, a paper tiger, roars ut cannot lte.
The Johnson administration had compromised
its stated principles in accepting U Thant's i llegal
scheme to get the UN General Assembly started
on December 1 , 1 964. It had made the United
States an object of scorn by permitting a vote
which enabled the assembly to adjourn on Febru­
ary 1 8, 1 965.
What would President Johnson do about the
oft-repeated threat to curtail U. S. contributions
to the UN if the UN failed to take action against
the Soviets for non-payment of assessments ? The
answer came on March : · , 1 965. On that day,
Johnson administration spokesmen revealed th�t
the United States would continue its contributions
to the United Nations ( about s:cc,ccc,ccc this
year) , despite failure to force the Soviet Union
to make a payment on its scc,ccc,ccc past-due
assessments. The spokesmen said the Johnson ad­
ministration considers the Uni ted Nations "too
important for U. S. foreign policy interests to let
it founder. " (5)
Our Asi an War and Our All ies
tn March 1 0, 1965, U. S. Representative
Paul G. Rogers ( Florida Democrat ) addressed
the House, saying:
"Mr. Speaker, in the last half of 1 964, over
200 ships fying the allied fag hauled red car­
goes into North Vietnam. Ironically, these same
ships are being permitted to pick up the profts
from U. S. trade in our own ports.
"This situation exists at a time when the U. S.
merchant marine has slipped to the point where
it now carries less than 1 0 percent of America's
sea trade . . . .
"While over 40 percent of the free-world ships
going into North Vietnam fy the British fag,
the allied nations of Japan, Greece, Norway,
Lebanon, Italy, West Germany, and Panama
also engage in this red trade.
"Other free world vessels going into Vietcong
ports are using U. S. ports as well. I have urged
the State Department to stifen diplomatic pres­
sures on those countries shipping for the reds."(
6
)
Stiffen diplomatic pressures ? What diplomatic
pressures have been exerted to stop other nations
Pa 123
|:oaa|c|ogt|eeoeayw|t|w|oawea:eatwa: :
1|e oat|oos keµ:eseotat|ve koge:s oaaec
G:eat ß:|ta|o, jaµao, G:eece, No:way, Le|aooo,
Ita|y,WestGe:aaoyaocPaoaaa|ave:ece|vec
|:oa t|e Lo|tec ·tates gove:oaeot, as |o:e|go
a|c s|oce l º!:, ao:e t|ao ªº |||||oo co||a:s.( 7)
1|at |s l l |||||oo co||a:s ao:e t|ao tota| ex·
µeoc|ta:es o| t|e |ece:a| gove:oaeot ca:|og t|e
a:st l .º yea:s o| |ts ex|steoce ( l ¯ ºº t|:oag|
l ºl ¯ , aµe:|oc w||c| |oc|acecexµeoc|ta:es oo
ce|ts|oca::ecca:|ogt|eWa:|o: Ioceµeoceoce,
oo t|e Wa: o| l ºl ., oo t|e mex|cao Wa:, oo
t|e C|v|| Wa:, oo t|e ·µao|s| Aae:|cao Wa:.
oo t|e a:st yea: o| µ:eµa:at|oo |o: Wo:|c Wa:
I, aoc oo oaae:oas Ioc|ao wa:s.( 8)
Our Merchant Marine
Keµ:eseotat|ve Paa| G koge:s coaaeots
a|oat a|||ecs||µµ|ogtooa: coaaao|st eoeay|o
No:t| V|etoaa a:es|go|acaot , |at ||saost s|g·
o|acaot coaaeot cooce:os t|e L · me:c|aot
ma:|oe w||c|, |e says, ¨|as s||µµec to t|e µo|ot
w|e:e |t oow ca::|es |ess t|ao l c µe:ceot o|
Aae:|cas sea t:ace.¨(6)
l:oat|ecayso|t|eYao|eeC||µµe:aot||t||s
geoe:at|oo, t|e Aae:|cao ae:c|aot aa:|oe was
a v|ta| |o:ce |o wo:|c t:ace. Now, |t |s cy|og.
W|y : T|e ·eaaao s Act o| l ºl º axec wage
sca|esooAae:|caoae:c|aots||µs|a:a|ovet|ose
oo |o:e|go s||µs. ·|oce t|eo, |ece:a| |a|o: |aws
|ave g:aotec ao|oos a t|g|t aoooµo|y oo t|e
|a|o:|o:ce|o:t|eae:c|aotaa:|oe. moooµo||st|c
ao|oos :eqa|:e µay:o|| µacc|og aoc |eat|e:·
|ecc|og µ:act|ces, aoc aa|e ao:ea||st|c wage
aoc |:|oge·|eoeat ceaaocs. 1|e |ece:a| gove:o·
aeot |o:ces aµoo s||µµe:s |a:ceosoae we||a:e
µ:og:aas aoc|oo||eeµ|ogj o|s, aoc |ev|es aµoo
t|ea ( a|oogw|t| a|| ot|e:taxµaye:s, exo:||taot
taxes |o:|o:e|go a|c w||c| |eoeats t|e s||µµ|og
aoc ot|e: |ocast:|es o| |o:e|go oat|oos.
How aac| |ave Aae:|cao ae:c|aot sa||o:s
|eoeattec |:oa |ece:a| |aws aoc gove:oaeot·
saµµo:tec ao|oo µo||c|es, |oteocec, osteos|||y, to
|e!µ t|e sa||o:s : mo:e t|ao two·t||:1s o| t|ea
a:e oat o| a j o|, aoa||e to aoc a |e:t| oo aoy
Aae:|cao s||µ, |ecaase oot eooag| Aae:|cao
s||µs a:e sa|||og me:c|aot s||µs o| t|e vo:|c
(soae o| t|ea owoec |yAae:|caocaµ|ta| , a:e
sa|||og aoce: t|e :eg|st:y o| ot|e: oat|oos, |e·
caase a s||¡ cao |e oµe:atec ao:e ecoooa|ca||y
aoce:aoyûag|ot|ewo:|cot|e:t|aot|eAae:·
|caoûag. He:e|saoot|e:exaaµ|eo|gove:oaeot
µo||c|es c:|v|og a v|ta| Aae:|cao |ocast:y to
|o:e|go |aocs.
1|e Aae:|cao ae:c|aot oavy woa|c |ave
vao|s|ec coaµ|ete|y exceµt |o: gove:oaeot sa|
s|c|es to s||µ owoe:s All taxµaye:s a:e ||ec to
sa|s|c|zesome w|oat|egove:oaeot |as c:|veo
to t|e wal|.
Cl ergymen and Perverts
to t|e eveo|og o| jaoaa:y 1 , l º:·, a|oat
:cc sex µe:ve:ts aoc t|e|: |:|eocs aoc a cozeo
C|:|st|ao a|o|ste:s atteocec a |eoeat |a|| |o:
|oaosexaa|s at Ca|||o:o|a Ha|| oo Po|| ·t:eet
|o ·ao l:aoc|sco 1|e aûa|: was a::aogec aoc
sµooso:ec |y a|o|ste:s o| |oa: aajo: P:otestaot
ceooa|oat|oos met|oc|st, £µ|scoµa|, Lat|e:ao,
aoc C|a:c| o| C|:|st. 1|e a|o|ste:s sa|c t|e
µa:µoseo|t|e|a||wasto:a|seaooeytoµ:oaote
¨a c|a|ogae |etweeo t|e c|a:c| aoc t|e |oao·
sexaa| ¨( 9)
A sqaac o| aeo |:oa t|e sex c:|ae ceta|| o|
t|e ·aol:aoc|sco Po||ceDeµa:taeot µo||cec t|e
aûa|:, |ecaase, t|e|: sµo|esaeo sa|c, ¨a caoce
µe:a|t |ac |eeo |ssaec aoc t|c|ets we:e |e|og
so|c µa|||c|y ¨(9)
T|:ee atto:oeys at t|e |a|| (£|||ot Le|g|too,
£vaoce: ·a|t|, aoc He:|e:t Dooa|csoo, w|o
sa|c t|ey |ac |eeo :eta|oec |y sµooso:|og a|o·
|ste:s, a:gaec v|t| µo||ce omce:s a|oat t|e oa·
ce:s µ:eseoce t|e:e. A|| t|:eewe:e a::estec aoc
c|a:gec w|t| o|st:act|og µo||ce oace:s. Naocy
may ( ac|a|as acj as:e: io: the Teamsters Union
seca:|ty íaoc, was a|so a::estec ío: o|st:act|oo.
Pae 124
Two aeo (Koorac A. Csterre|c| aoc )o|o ßor·
set, were arrestec |or c|sorcer|y coocact.(9)
Co)aoaary :, l º:·, a|o|sters w|o |ac sµoo·
sorec t|e aûa|r, |e|c a µress coo|ereoce aoc
ceooaocec t|e µo||ce w|o ¨|ro|e cµ t|e µarty
ao |oar ear|y,¨ c|arg|og t|e oacers w|t| ¨|o·
t|a|cat|oo, |ro|eo µroa|ses, aoc o|v|oas |os·
til|ty.¨(9)
.
T|e kevereoc Tec mcI|veooa (yoaog·aca|t
cuector o| t|e met|oc|st G||ce loaocat|oo, ,
Caooo ko|ert Croaoey (sµec|a| ass|staot to
£µ|scoµa| ß|s|oµ )aaes A. P||e, , t|e kevereoc
C|ar|es Lew|s o| t|e Lat|erao Nort| ßeac|
m|ss|oo, aoc t|e kevereoc C|areoce Co|we|| o|
t|eLo|tec C|arc| o| C|r|st, sa|c t|e |eoeût |or
perverts |ac |eeo p|aooec a|ter exteocec |at
stra|oec oegot|at|oos w|t| toµ po|.ce oac|a|s.
T|eysa|c t|e µo||ce actec |o |ac |a|t|, |y |av·
|og a µo||ce µ|otograµ|er ta|e µ|ctares o| t|e
gaests.(9)
T|ekevereoc mr. mcI|veooa sa|c t|at w|||e
t|eywere try|og to arraoge t|e |eoeût |a||, |e
aoc aoot|er met|oc|st a|o|ster (t|e kevereoc
A Cec|| W||||aas, |ac |eeo qaest|ooec ¨|yt|e
w|o|ev|cesqaac. ¨ ¨ßat, ¨ |esa|c, ¨|twas avery
we||·rao |a||. A|ter t|e µo||ce |orcec t|e|r way
|o, |t too| t|ea aore t|ao ao |oar to ûoc aoy·
t||og wroog. ¨ ''
T|ekevereoc mr. W||||aas sa|c
"The police department wanted to deal more
in theology rather than open up a dialogue . . . .
They looked at the rings on our fngers and said,
'We see you're married - how do your wives ac­
cept this?' . . . They said, 'We believe in the Ten
Commandments - what do you believe in?' They
wanted to know what theological concepts we
had. I believe their theological j argon and be­
liefs are somewhat outdated." (
9
)
Great Society -I l l inois
A · l·vear·o|cw||tewoaao,w|oeaross·c. cc
a wee| at a |aaocry |o ß|ooa|ogtoo, I|||oo|s, |s
t|e aot|er o| s|x c|||creo ( ages · to i :, aoc
|asaoaoeaµ|oyec|as|aoc. Comarc| :ª, lº:·,
t|e Ioteroa| keveoae ·erv|ce û|ec a |evy aga|ost
|er wages |or ao a| |egec |ecera| |ocoae tax ||a·
|| ||ty o| si :! i º Pr|or to t||s, t|e woaao |ac
oever as|ec |or ao· ||oc o| µa|||c ass|staoce.
·|e was µroac, aoc c|c oot vaot or oaae oo
we||are ro||s , |at w|eo t|e goveroaeot coo·
||scatec |er |ocoae, s|e aµµ||ec |or a|c to ce·
µeoceotc|||creo. W|t| s|x c|| |creo, s|ew|||get
at |east s:·ccc a aoot|. C| t|at aaoaot t|e ,
|ecera| goveroaeot w||| µay sl º¯. ·c. ''
·
T|e woaao a|so aµµ||ec |or eaergeocy re||e|
|roat|etowos||µ ·|ew|||rece|vea|oats:cc.cc
a aoot| |roa t||s soarce, |r|og|og |er tota|
we||are |ocoae to at |east s!·c. cc a aoot|.
(10)
Great Soci ety -Tennessee
toe asµect o| Pres|ceot )o|osoo's war oo
µoverty|ovo|vesoo·t|e·jo|tra|o|og|oraos|.l|ec,
aoeaµ|oyec yoat|s |etweeo t|e ages o| i: aoc
: i . Pa|||c ageoc|es aoc ooo·µroût orgao|zat|oos
||re t|e yoaogsters, aoc goveroaeot µrov|ces
aooey |or t|e|r sa|ar|es t|e |ecera| goveroaeot
µay|og ºc¯, t|e |oca| goveroaeot i c¯.

''·
Io meaµ||s, Teooessee, si , ::·,ccc a year |s
to |esµeotooj o|saoctra|o|og |or l · cc aoea·
µ|oyec yoat|s se|ectec |y t|e Yoat| Ga|caoce
Coaa|ss|oo, w||c| c|rects t|e µrograa. jacge
Keooet|1aroer s]aveo||eCoart|sooeo|severa|
c|ty ageoc|es ces|goatec to µart|c|µate. )acge
1aroeragreecto ||re !ª yoaogµersoos aocg|ve
t|ea oo·t|e·j o| tra|o|og as c|er|s aoc gaarcs.
ßy marc| .., iº:· , |e |ac ||rec .+aost o|
t|ea oegroesaoc was |o cesµa|r, say|og t|e
µ|ao ¨|s j ast a|oat aowor|a||e. ¨ '·'
)acge Taroer sa|c t|at t|e ¨PWs¨ ( µoverty
wor|ers, are µa|c s: : · a cay, w||c| |s aore
t|aosoae o|||s rega|ar eaµ|oyeesget, aoc t|at
t||s |as caasec |r|ct|oo at t|e coart.
(11)
mrs. Leoa K|yaao, coart c|et|t|ao, |as foar
tra|oees wo:||og |o |er ||tc|eo. ·|e sa|c.
" . . . and the only thing I've been able to fnd
for them to do is wash the walls. They're doing
Page 125
a good job, but if they stay here much longer
there won't be any paint left on the walls."
(11)
1|oaas k. ßoy|e, coart c|er|, sa|c.
"The problem is they can't do anything. We
can't use them as clerks, because we have to stand
over them every minute, and then our regular
employees can't get their work done.
"This is supposed to be a training program,
but we're training one person to be a clerk and
another to operate a dishwasher. The others are
mostly being paid to pick up trash or stay out
of the way . . . .
"We had only one girl who was really a big
help. But Youth Guidance found out they had
hired her by mistake. She had a high school edu­
cation and couldn't qualify. Too much educa­
tion. "(
ll
)
C|ar|es l|eer, Yoat| Ga|caoce Coaa|ss|oo
c|rector, w|ose sa|ary esca|atec íroa sc·cc to
si :, cccw|eot|eaot|·µovertyµrograaweot|oto
eñect, coa|c oot |e reac|ec íor coaaeot oo
marc| ::, l ºc·, w|eo The Commercial Appeal
wasµreµar|og t|e a|ove story íor µa|||cat|oo.
(11)
Great Soci ety -Sweden
From the March 1 5, 1965, newsletter of U. S. Representa­
tive Richard L. Roudebush, Indiana Republican:
"The advocates of welfarism have an appealing
argument, particularly to those who are not vig­
orous or who lack ambition . . . .
"The socialists' dreams for creating a Utopia
are, of course, rubbish and represent a scheme
that has been tried unsuccessfully since the be­
ginning of time.
"But lessons must be learned anew, and an­
cient history has little appeal or urgency for
modern day citizens searching for modern day
answers.
"Contemporary Sweden ofers a better lesson.
Hailed by some socialists as a 20th Century
Garden of Eden, Sweden is running into some
of the problems that always beset a society
where the government operates on the theory
it better knows how to live its citizens' lives
than the citizens themselves . # 4 4
"One trouble results from the demand for
the educational, medical and housing beneft
which the Swedish welfare pours out. Demands
are so excessive that one has to wait for one's
share. The long lines keep growing longer, with
no relief in sight.
"Another public frustration feeds on the stul­
tifying bureaucracy, an unavoidable by-product
of the multitude of welfarisms.
"Low-income recipients enjoy frst choice in
the allocation of housing and school facilities,
with scant regard for such things as individual
ability or productive contribution.
"With welfarism comes smothering taxation.
Someone has to pay for all that 'security.'
"Swedes are estimated to be Europe's most
heavily taxed citizens, due to the high cost of
the overgrown welfare state.
"Prime Minister Erlander himself is an ex­
ample . . . . His monthly salary is close to the
equivalent of $1 ,000. After social security levies
and taxes he receives a little over $500. He is,
in efect, in the 50 percent tax bracket.
"Direct taxes - including social security con­
tributions - take nearly 24 percent of a bache­
lor's very modest yearly income of less than
$2,000 . . . . With doubled income, the tax rate
j umps to 32 percent; the progression reaches 60
percent in the $50,000 bracket. Married couples
are fnancially better of in the low income
brackets.
"These fgures do not include municipal or
property taxes. Capital gains, if any, are taxed
too.
"Sweden's defcit-ridden budget . . . the prime
source of its growing money supply . . . relies to
a great extent on excises which, of course, do not
appear as direct charges. But they boost the
cost of living.
"The annual rate of price infation in Sweden
is 3.5 percent . . . .
"It is small wonder that ambitious Swedes
feel discouraged and stymied. The welfare state,
for all its promises, is moving relentlessly in the
direction of leveling the middle class - down­
ward.
"Growing shortages of teachers, doctors and
dentists are . . . symptoms of the frustration
caused by the equalitarian drift toward medioc­
rity."
Pa 126
New Thoughts On The Old Math
By Joyce Loreen McIlvaine, a Califoria schoolteacher
We've been promised many things by the
proponents of "New Mathematics." As a teacher,
I am currently being educated into the mysteries
of set theory and Venn Diagrams, but I confess
I still cling hopefully to the security of familiar
vocabulary and the multiplication tables. They
try to comfort me with the promise that soon
I will be rewarded with a more accurate mathe­
matical language and an increased understanding
of the number system which I will miraculously
transfer to children and which will enable the
coming generation to take its place in the Great
Society.
The knottiest problem seems to be the vo­
cabulary. It's difcult to call a spade a heart after
all these years, but it isn't the frst time this has
happened. Just the other day, a group of fellow
teachers were complaining that even after years
of teaching otherwise, children were still using
the word "borrowing" to describe a particular
process II subtraction - you know, the kind
where you have to subtract $ 1 .64 from $5.00,
and you have all those O's on top.
Everybody knows you can't take 4 away from
zero, so you "borrow" one from the next column.
I learned it that way, and probably you did, too.
But several years ago, the experts decided that
the word, "borrowing," was a misconcept be­
cause when you borrow in a subtraction prob­
lem, you don't pay it back. That was unrealistic,
so "borrowing" went on the educational black­
list.
Well, that might have been true a while back,
but society has fnally caught up with educa­
tional theory, and I maintain that the concept
of "borrowing" and not paying it back is com­
pletely realistic today. The government does it
all the time. It has become a basic law of eco­
nomics - A National Purpose.
Follow the method a bit further. If you're sub­
tracting $ 1 .64 from $5.00, and you can't take 4
away from 0, you "borrow" one from the dimes.
Of course, the dimes don't have anything either,
so they, in turn, "borrow" one from the dollars.
WHO I S DA N S MO O T ?
Born in Missouri, reared in Texas, Dan Smoot went to SMU getting BA and MA degrees, 1938 and 1940. In
1941, he joined the faculty at Harvard as a Teaching Fellow, doing graduate work for a doctorate in Americn civili­
zation. From 1942 to 1951, he was an FBI agent: three and a half years on communist investigations; two yers on
FBI headquarters staf; almost four years on general FBI cases in various places. He resigned from the FBI and,
from 1951 to 1955, was commentator on national radio and television programs, giving both sides of controversial
issues. In July, 1955, he started his present proft-supported, free-en
.
terprise business : publis�ing
T
he Dan S�?OI
Report, a weekly magazine available by subscription; and produclOg a weekly news-analYSIS radlO and teleVISion
broadcast, available for sponsorship by reputable business frms, as an adver

ising vehicle .
.
The Rep

rt

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give one side of important issues: the side that presents do

ented truth USlO
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nst1tutlon a a yard­
stick. If you think Smoofs materials are efective against SCialIsm and commUOlsm, you can help unmense1y-help get
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Page 127
The dollars give one to the dimes, and the dimes
give one to the pennies. And now, the pennies
have a whole dime to play with so you can sub­
tract 4 and even have 6 left for a color TV. No­
body's asking you to pay it back.
This realism is complete. Can the dimes re­
fuse to give the pennies? Can the dollars refuse
to help the dimes? Of course not. The dimes and
the dollars have no choice in the matter. It's
the rule of the game. Do you notice that the
larger the numbers get, the more they have to
give? The pennies don't have to give anything
except what you subtract; all they do is ask. But
the dimes have to give a whole dime, and the
dollars have to give ten times that much; and
if it should go to the next column over, well,
you can see the possibilities. It's a splendid ex­
ample of taking from the haves to give to the
have nots, and think of the income tax!
Current policy makers, perhaps a little sensi­
tive about terminology, prefer to call it "re­
grouping." But "borrowing" is obviously the best
way to prepare children for the future. It's a
real life adj ustment program.
>· -I· <· + -l¯
"What is tbe me of repeating all that st1lff?" the Mock
TlIrtle inlermpted, "if Y01l don't explain it as y01l go on? It's
by far the most confllsing tbing tbat I ever beard!"
- Alice In Wonderland
FOOTNOTES
( 1 ) For further details on the UN and its financial and other
activities, see this Rep01·t, "The UN Frankenstein," December
2 1 , 1964.
( 2 ) Special to the Times from the United Nations, The New York
Times, February 28, 1964, p. 7
( 3 ) UPI dispatch from United Nations, The Dallas Morning News,
January 27, 1 965, Sec. 1, p. 2
( 4) Special to the Times from the United Nations by Thomas
]. Hamilton, The New York Times, February 19, 1965, pp. 1,
2; "The World: Exi t U. N. ," The New Y01·k Times, February
21 , 1965, Sec. 4, pp. 1, 2
( 5 ) AP story from Washington, The Dalias Times Herald, Febru­
ary 2 5, 1965, p. 9A
( 6) COllgl'essiolal Record, March 10, 1965, p. 4569 (daily)
( 7 ) "Our Crazy Foreign Giveaway Program, " by U. S. Representa­
tive Alvin E. O'Konski ( Rep., Wisc. ) , Congressional Record,
August 6, 1962, pp. A5998-9 ( daily)
( 8 ) The Budget in Brief, 1 965 Fiscal Year, Bureau of the Budget,
1965, p. 81
( 9) "Incidents at a Homosexual Benefit: Angry Ministers Rip
Police," by Donovan Bess, Sai Francisco Chr01zicle, January 3,
1965
( 10 ) AP dispatch from Bloomington, Il linois, The Dallas Moring
News, March 28, 1965, Sec. 1, p. 1
( 1 1 ) "Job Training 'Unworkable,' Juvenile Court Judge Says," The
Commercial Appeal, Memphis, Tenn., March 23, 1965, p. 1 5
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Page 128
·
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ÏMË
Stl Smoot Re,o,t
Vol. 1 1 , No. 1 7 (Broadcast 505) April 26, 1 965 Dallas, Texas
DAN SMOOT
DE L I VE R U P OUR ARMS
"It [the government of Mexico] has demanded us to deliver up our arms, which are essential to ÜNÌ´ defense, the
rightful property of freemen, aJld formidable only to tYl'annical govemments. "(J }-Texas Declaration of Independence
J|e +ss+ss|oat|oo o| P:es|ceot jo|o l. Keooecy |o Novea|e:, i ºcª, p:ec|p|tatec a :as| o|
cea+ocs |o: ao:e st:|ogeot |ece:+| ||:e+:as coot:o|. mo:e t|+o a cozeo |ece:a| ||:e+:as p:o·
posa|s, |ot:ocacec |o Coog:ess w|t||o t|e û:st |ewwee|s o| iºc!, we:eg|veo se:|oas coos|ce:·
+t|oo, |at oooe w+s eo+ctec |oto |+w.
Co m+:c| º, iºc·, P:es|ceot Lyocoo ß. jo|osoo ce||ve:eca aessage toCoog:ess oop:o||eas
o| |aw eo|o:ceaeot +oc +ca|o|st:+t|oo o| j ast|ce Aaoog ot|e: t||ogs, t|e P:es|ceot sa| c
"Lee Oswald sent for and received a rife through the United States mail. I believe that the
people of the United States have learned, through the recent tragic loss of President Kennedy,
the need for strengthened control." ` ¯´
T|e P:es|ceot oat||oec ||s p:oposa|s |o:oew û:e+:as |eg|s|at|oo, aoc,|yt|eeoco|ma:c|,
iºc·, aaoy ||| |s we:e |e|o:e Coog:ess, soae p:ov|c|og w|at t|e P:es|ceot |ac :eqaestec, soae
at va:|+oce w|t| ||s p:oposa|s.
T|e ·ecooc Aaeocaeot to t|e Coost|tat|oo says
"A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people
to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."
T||s |s ao a|so|ate p:o||||t|oo +g+|ost +oy ||oco||ece:+|û:ea:as|+w, |ec+aseaoysac||+w
c|e+:|y |o|:|oges apoo t|e spec|ûec :|g|t o| t|e peop|e Cooseqaeot|y, a|| ex|st|og |ece:a| û:e-
a:as |eg|s|at|oo aoc +|| oow |e|og p:oposec a:e aocoost|tat|oo+|
T|e |as|c |ece:+| statates |o ex|steoce a:e t|e N+t|oo+| l|:ea:as Act o| i ºª! +oc t|e lece:+|
l|:e+:asActo|iºªº. T|e i ºª!|awv+s|oteocec to :est:|ct possess|oo aoc |ote:state t:aospo:ta·
THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, a magazine published every week by The Dan Smoot Report, Inc., mail·
ing address P. O. Box 9538, Lakewood Station, Dallas, Texas 75214; Telephone TAylor 1·2303 ( office
address 6441 Gaston Avenue) . Subscription rates: $1 0.00 a year, $6.00 for 6 months, $18.00 for two years.
For frst class mail $1 2.50 a year; by airmail ( including APO and FPO) $14.50 a year. Reprints of specifc
issues: 1 copy for 25¢; 6 for $1 .00; 50 for $5.50; 100 for $1 0.00-each price for bulk mailing to one person.
Add 2% sales tax on all orders originating in Texas for Texas delivery.
Copyright by Dan Smoot, 1965. Second class mail privilege authorized at Dallas, Texas.
No Reproductions Permitted.
Page 1 29
t|oo oi ce:ta|o t·µes oi a:ea:as sa|aac||oe
gaos,savec·oûs|otgaos,gaosv|t|s||eoce:sT|e
lºªº |av µ:o||||ts |ote:state t:aosµo:tat|oo oi
.
any kind of gun toao·µe:soov|o|as|eeo coo·
v|cte1 o|, o: |s aoce: |oc|c:aeot |o: a c:|ae o| ,
v|o|eoce, w|o |s a iag|t|ve i:oa j ast|ce, o: w|o
coes oot µ:eseot µ:oo| t|at |e |s ||ceosec to
µa:c|ase a gao, |i t|e µa:c|ase: ||ves |o a state
:eqa|:|og sac| ||ceose. ''
Hov aac| goo1 |ave t|ese o|c |ece:a| |avs
accoaµ||s|e1 : Nooe'
Co jaoaa:· ªc, l º:!, m: jo|o m :c|oo|e·
( io:ae: µ:es|ceot o| t|eNat|ooal k.i|e Assoc|a·
t|oo, test|ae1 |e|o:e a :eoate Coaa|ttee m:.
:c|oo|e· |as |ac ove: ªc ·ea:s exµe:|eoce as a
|av·eoio:ceaeot oace:: · ·ea:s as a :eg|ooa|
c|:ecto: o| :|e L : A|co|o| aoc Io|acco Tax
D|v|s|oo (v||c| |s c|a:gec v|t| eo|o:c|og :|e
Nat|ooa| ao1 lece:a| l|:ea:as Acts, , aoc ave
·ea:s as D|:ecto: o| Pa|||c :a|et· aoc :|e:|û o|
Deove: aoc Deove: Coaot·, Colo:aco. m:.
:c|oo|e· sa| c
"In my many years of . . . law enforcement, I
cannot recall one case where the provisions of
the Federal Firearms Act prevented one criminal
from securing a frearm, nor can I recall one in­
stance when a crime was prevented by the pro­
visions of the Act. . . .
"At the same time, you will fnd that many . . .
honest citizens have been unnecessarily harassed
by the terms of our federal frearms legislation
already in efect."
m: :c|oo|e· sµo|eo|¨t|e|at|||t·oiatteaµt·
|og to :e1ace c:|ae |· leg|s|at|oo t|at ceµeo1s
aµooc:|a|oa|cooµe:at|ooio:|:ssaccess, ¨sa·|og.
"Such legislation does nothing more than cur­
tail the ownership of frearms by law-abiding
citizens. The criminal has never, is not now, nor
will he ever be denied the tools of his profession,
by legislation directed at the tool and not at
him." ''
W|ata:et|etools o|c:|a|oals : m: :c|oo|e·
µ:eseotec stat|st|cs ( i:oa lßI Lo|io:a C:|ae
keµo:ts \ oo ||o1s o| veaµoos ase1 (1a:|og
l º:l , |oagg:avate1 assaa|:s Gaos were used i n
l .. ¯¨, o|t|e cases. C|j ects sa|ta||e io: catt|og
o: sta|||ogve:ease1 |o!+¯ o|t|ecases , ||aot
o|j ects ve:e asec |o :!¯. µe:sooal weaµoos
( |aocs, asts, |eet, ve:easec |o l :. ª¨, Po|soos,
ac|1s, ao1 ot|e: veaµoos ve:e ase1 |o t|e :e·
aa|o|og )¨~ o| a|| :eµo:te1 cases o| agg:avatec
assaa|t
Ii acvocates oi gao·coot:o| lavs :ea||· t||o|
t|e·caocec:easec:|aeso|v|o|eoce|·oat|aw|og
weaµoos asec |o sac| c:|aes, v|at co t|e· µ:o·
µoseto coa|oat|aaao|ao1s, ieet, teet|, |oees,
aoc|eacs÷ootto aeot|oo||tc|eoateos||s, :azo:
||a1es, |:o|eo |ott|es, |ce µ|c|s ao1 v|atoot ?
Joca·,ve|aveao:e:est:|ct|vea:ea:as :ega·
|at|oos t|ao eve: |e|o:e |o t|e ||sto:· oi t|e
Lo|tec :tates , aoc to1a·, t|e:e a:e ao:e c:|aes
o| v|o|eoce (ao:e |o actaa| oaa|e:, aoc ao:e
|o µ:oµo:t|oo to t|e tota| µoµa|at|oo, t|ao eve:
|e|o:e T||s |s oot co|oc|ceotal , |t |s |oev|ta||e.
C:|a|oa| v|o|eoce aga|ost law·a||c|og c|t|zeos
w|l| a|va·s |oc:ease, as c|t|zeos a:e :est:|ctec m
t|e|: :|g|: to 1e|eoc t|ease|ves.
A |:ee aao aast |ave ao:est:|ctec :|g|t to
ovo ao1 ase µe:sooa| veaµoos, |o ce|eose oi
||siaa||·, ||s|oae, ao1 ||s owoµe:soo, aga|ost
ao·aa:aa1e:w|et|e:t|eaa:aace:|easo|c|e:
o| ao |ova1|og a:a·, ao ageot oi ao |ote:oa|
µo||t|ca| coosµ|:ac·, o: a coaaoo c:|a|oa|
I|a aao loses ||s right to |:ee, |avia| ase oi
µe:sooa| a:ea:as, |e |oses ||s |ceot|t· as a |:ee
ageot |o a c|v|||ze1 coaot:· He |ecoaes to:a||·
ceµeoceot aµoo ceot:a||zec µo||ce aat|o:|t· io:
µ:otect|oo oi ||s ||ie, |||e:t·, aoc µ:oµe:t·.
I: |s µ:o|a||· oo exagge:at|oo to sa· :|a: ao
Aae:|cao c|t|zeo:·, ve|| a:ae1 w|t| µe:sooa|
a:ea:as, ao1 µossess|og t|e |oov|ecge to ase
t|ea euect|ve|· aoc µ:oµe:|·, woal1 µ:ov|ce
ao:e1e|eoseaga|ost|ovas|oo|·a |o:e|goeoea·
o: aga|os: |o:e:oa| atteaµt to se|ze µove:
t|ao t|e |ece:a| gove:oaeots aooaal aalt|·||l·
||oo·co||a: exµeoc|ta:es oo oat|ooal 1eieose.
I|e ea:|· ||sto:· o| oa: oat|oo |ea:s oat :||s
asse::|oo. aoc t|e exaa¡|e o| :w|tze:|aoc coo·
û:as|t:v|tze:|ao1 ( w||c||asoot|eeo|ovo|ve1
Page 130
|o va: s|oce l · l · ) |ases |ts oat|ooa| 1eieose oo
a a|||t|as·stea, |o v||c| a|| |o·s, |etveeo ages
1 7 ao1 lº, ta|e vo|aota:· :|i|e t:a|o|og. At age
l º, a|| |o·s ta|e tests io: a|||ta:· se:v|ce. T|ose
oot qaa||ae1 a:e g|veo íi:ea:as t:a|o|og ao1 :e·
exaa|oe1µe:|o1|ca||·. A||aea|e:soit|ea|||t|a
|eeµt|e|: gaos, aaaao|t|oo, ao1 ot|e: ûg|t|og
eqa|µaeotat|oae,ao1t|e·vea:s|1ea:asv|eo
go|ogto t|e µo||s tovote, ootto |ot|a|1ateao··
ooe, |at to 1eaoost:ate µ:|1e |o :ea1|oess to
1eieo1t|e|: oat|ooaga|ost a|| eoea|es, 1oaest|c
o:io:e|go loac:|s|s, :v|tze:|ao1 coa|1 |ost+ot|·
ao||||ze º·c, ccc aeo, a:ae1ao1t:a|oe1, oat oi
a tota| µoµa|at|oo oi ·, ·cc,ccc T||s :eµ:eseots,
ooaµe:caµ|ta |as|s, t|e||ggestoat|ooa|1eieose
a:a·|ot|evo:|1.·et, :v|tze:|ao1|asµ:act|ca||·
oostao1|oga:a·to 1:a|ot|eµa|||ct:easa:·io:
|ts aµ|eeµ ao1 io: |eoeats to |ts vete:aos '
lo lº·º ao1 l º+c, l|o|ao1, v|t| a µoµa|at|oo
oioo|·ioa:a||||oo (|atv|t| aoaoasaa||·|a:ge
oaa|e: oi t:a|oe1 :|ûeaeo) vas a||e to :es|st
ao1|aa|||atet|eaaaaot|a:a|es oi t|e :ov|et
Lo|oo, v|ose µoµa|at|oo tota|e1 a|oat l ¯c a||·
l|oo.
W|· vas :e:geaot A|v|o Yo:| so eûect|ve |o
Wo:|1 Wa: l : A|v|o Yo:| |a1 g:ovo aµ |o a
i:ee µa:t oi t|e ·o:| 1 ·|e:e a goo1 :|ûe vas a
ao:e |o1|sµeosa||e µa:t oi a aaos µe:sooa|
eqa|µaeot t|ao s|oes ve:e
A c|t|zeos :|g|tto |eeµ ao1 |ea: a:as |s so
esseot|a| to i:ee1oa t|at ty:aoo· aast io||ov |i
|t |s a|:ogate1
N||o|a| Leo|o ao1 A1o|i H|t|e:exµe:ts at
eos|av|og |a:ge segaeots oi t|e |aaao :ace
ao1e:stoo1 c|ea:|· t|at a ve||·a:ae1 c|t|zeo:· |s
a a|g|t· |ao1|caµ to 1|ctato:s.
Leo|o sa| 1.
"It is only after we �ave �isarmed the
.
bo


geoisie, that the proletarIat, wlth
(
t betraym

Its
world historic mission, can turn Its weapons mto
ploughshares. And that is the way the proletariat
will act - but only then, and by no means be­
fore." ( 6)
H|t|e: sa| 1
"The most foolish mistake we could possibly
make would be to allow the subject races to
possess arms. History shows that all conquerers
who have allowed their subject races to carry
arms have prepared their own downfall by so
doing." ( 6)
Note a|so t||s coaaeot |· ma|ataa Gao1|| .
"Among the many misdeeds of the British rule
in India, history will look upon the Act of de­
priving a whole nation of arms the blackest."
keqa|:|og oat|ooa| :eg|st:at|oo oi µe:sooa||··
ovoe1 û:ea:as cao |e qa|te as 1|sast:oas to
i:ee1oa as tota| 1|sa:aaaeot oi t|e c|t|zeo:·
lo ma·, lºiº, a g:oaµ oi a|||e1 |ote|||geoce
oace:s :a|1e1t|e|ea1qaa:te:soia:evo|at|ooa:·
g:oaµ |o Dasse|1o:i. Ge:aao· Coe 1ocaceot
se|ze1vaseot|t|e1 ¨ka|eslo:ß:|og|og A|oatA
kevo|at|oo ¨ T|:ee |as|c :a|es ve:e set oat. T|e
á:st|ovo|ve1co::aµt|oooit|e·oaog|·|ost||||og
|ot|eacooteaµt io: :e||g|ooao1t:a1|t|ooa|ao·
:a||t·. T|e secoo1 |ovo|ve1 caµta:|og aeaos oi
coaaao|cat|oosot|at:evo|at|oo|stscoa|1coot:o|
t|e t||o||og oi t|e µeoµ|e ao1 t|e µ:og:aas oi
gove:oaeot T|e t||:1 :a|e :ea1
"Cause the registration of all frearms on some
pretext, with a view to confscating them and
leaving the population helpless. "( 7 )
l:aoce|a1a oat|ooa| gao·:eg|st:at|oo |av |e·
io:eWo:|1Wa:II.Naz|scooascate1t|e:eco:1s
ao1 t|egaos, aa||og eûect|ve :es|staoce |aµos·
s|||e.
It vas a í:ea:as :eg|st:at|oo·ao1·coot:o| |av
v||c| eoa||e1 coaaao|sts to 1|sa:a Czec|os|o-
va||aos, t|as|eav|ogt|ea |e|µ|essv|eocoaaa·
o|sts 1ec|1e1 to ta|e ove:.
mao· Aae:|caos :eaea|e: t|e |aµass|ooe1
µ|easoit|eß:|t|s|io:µe:sooa|û:ea:asto1eieo�
t|e|: |oaes ao1 iaa|||es |o l º+c, v|eo a Naz:
|ovas|oooi £og|ao1 seeae1 |aa|oeot. T|e ß:|t·
|s| |a1 |eeo1|sa:ae1 |·t|e|:ovogove:oaeot,
v|t| seve:e û:ea:as coot:o| :ega|at|oos.
Many Americans also remember :|.:,when our
A:a|esove::aoIa:oµetova:1t|eeo1oiWo:|1
Page 1 31
W+: II, we |aaec|+te|· cooásc+tec +oc asec,
w|e:eve: µoss|||e, t|e ||sts oi µeoµ|e w|o |+c
|eeo io:cec |· t|e|: owogove:oaeotto:eg|ste:
tbe|: û:e+:as
The Dodd-Murphy Bi l l s
ti +||µ:eseotµ:oµos+|sio:oewiece:+| û:e·
+:as|eg|s|+t|oo, t|e||||saost|||e|·to|eµ+ssec
+:et|ose|ot:ocacec|·:eo+to:T|oa+s) Docc
( Coooect|cat Deaoc:+t, +oc |· keµ:eseot+t|ve
)o|o m ma:µ|· ( New Yo:| C|t· Deaoc:+t,
T|eDocc-ma:µ|·||||s|+ve+ca|o|s::+t|oo saµ-
µo:t, |ec+ase t|e· woa|c ia||· |aµ|eaeot ce·
a+ocs a+ce |· P:es|ceot )o|osoo
Com+:c| 22, 1965, :eo+to: Docc |ot:ocacec
two||||s : 1 591 , to+aeoct|eN+t|oo+|l|:e+:as
Act oi 1934; +oc : 1 592, to +aeoc t|elece:+|
l|:e+:asActoi1938. Com+:c|23, 1965 , keµ:e-
seot+t|ve ma:µ|· |ot:ocacec t|e s+ae two ||||s
|ot|e Hoase +s Hk 6629 +oc Hk 6628. ( 8)
As aeot|ooec |eio:e, t|e N+t|oo+| l|:e+:as
Actoi1934 soag|tto:est:|ctµossess|oo+oc|ote:·
st+te t:+osµo:t+t|oo oi ce:t+|o t·µes oi û:e+:as
1|eµ:oµosecDocc·ma:µ|·+aeocaeot ( :1 591
+oc Hk 6629 , exµ+ocs t|e cove:+ge i:oa fre­
arm to destructive device. Destructive device, +s
asec |o: 1 591, ae+os+o·|oa|,g:eo+ce, :oc|et,
a|ss||e, o: |+aoc||og cev|ce, +oc +o· we+µoo
w||c| c+o exµe| + µ:oj ect||e·-exceµt + s|otgao
w|t| + |+::e| 1 8 |oc|es |oog o: |ooge:, +oc +
we+µoo w|ose |+::e| |s ooe·|+|i |oc|, o: |ess, |o
c|+aete:1|eexceµt|oos|oc|ace+||t·µesoigaos
oo:a+||· asec |o|aot|og +oc sµo:t|og eveots. A
s|otgao w|t| + |+::e| |ess t|+o 1 8 |oc|es |oog
|s coos|ce:ec + s+wec·oû s|otgaooo gooc io:
cooveot|oo+| |aot|og o: sµo:t·s|oot|og, |at ve:·
eûect|ve io: |oc|sc:|a|o+te cest:act|oo +t c|ose
:+ogemost|+ocgaos+oc:|ûesasec|o|aot|og
+oc sµo:t|og eveots |+ve |+::e|s sa+||e: t|+o
ooe·|+|i |oc| |o c|+aete:
Ios|o:t,cove:+geoit|eN+t|oo+|l.:e+:asAct
of 1934 woa|c |e exp+ocec to |oc|ace eve:·
cooce|v+||e ||oc oi exµ|os|ve cevice o: aec|+·
o|sa, exceµtgaos geoe:+||· asec |o|aot|og +oc
sµo:ts. 1|e :ec:et+:· oi t|e 1:e+sa:· woa|c |e
eaµowe:ecto a+|e+o·+cc|t|oo+|exceµt|oos |e
µ|e+secto exc|ace i:oa t|e ceûo|t|oo oi de­
structive devices +o·coot:+µt|oow||c|t|e:ec:e·
t+:· t||o|s oot |||e|· to |e asec +s + we+µoo.
Iaµo:te:s +oc a+oai+cta:e:s oi cest:act|ve ce·
v|ces woa|c |+ve to oot|i· t|e :ec:et+:· oi t|e
1:e+sa:·+oc|oc+||+weoio:ceaeotoac|+|soi+||
t:+osie:s oisac| cev|ces Pe:soos, ot|e: t|+o |a-
µo:te:s +oc a+oai+cta:e:s, w|o µossess + ce-
st:act|ve cev|ce, coa|c |e :eqa|:ec to a+:| t|e
cev|ce w.t| w|+teve: ¨µ:oµe: |ceot|ûc+t|oo¨ t|e
:ec:et+:· oi t|e 1:e+sa:· a|g|t ces|go+te.
Note t|+t t|e N+t|oo+| l|:e+:as Act oi 1934 ,
+oc t|e Docc·ma:µ|· ||||s ( : 1 591 +oc Hk
6629 , oow µ:oµosec +s +o +aeocaeot to t|+t
Act, co oot see| to µeo+||ze c:|a|o+|s w|o ase
µ:o||||tect·µesoiû:e+:aso:cest:act|vecev|ces.
Heoce,t|eo|c |+woeve: c|c ( +oc,+s t|eDocc-
ma:µ|· ||||s oow µ:oµose to +aeoc |t, oeve:
w|| | , |eeµ c:|a|o+|s i:oa o|t+|o|og cest:act|ve
cev|cesio:ase|ot|ecoaa|ss|oooic:|aes t|e·
ae:e|·cooie: aocoost|tat|oo+| µowe: oot|e :ec-
:et+:· oi t|e T:e+sa:· to aecc|e |o t|e µ:|v+te
+û+|:s oic|t|zeos +octo|aµose|a:ceosoae :eg-
a|+t|oos aµoo |+w·+||c|og µe:soos w|o |+ve
:|g|ts+oc|eg|t|a+te:e+soostoµossesso:t:+osie:
soaet||ogw||c|t|e:ec:et+:·a+·coos|ce:+ ce·
st:ac:|ve cev|ce.
5 1 592 +ocHk6628 (t|eDocc·ma:µ|·||l|s
w||c|woa|c+aeoct|elece:+| l|:e+:as Actoi
1938, +:eeveo ao:e o|j ect|oo+||e t|+o : 1 59 1
+oc Hk 6629. : 1 592 +oc Hk 6628 woa| c.
0) Prohibit any person (except authorized
dealers, manufacturers, and importers) from
shipping or receiving in interstate commerce any
type of frearm. This provision would place
harsh and unreasonable restrictions upon law­
abiding citizens who do not have convenient ac­
cess to licensed dealers for over-the-counter sales
and who wish to order sporting frearms by mail.
The Treasury Department could impose burden­
some requirements and penalties on any person
who moves from one state to another and wants
to take his frearms with him to his new home;
Page 1 32
and on anyone who transports a sporting frearm
across a state line for service repairs, for hunting,
for participation in a sporting event, or for any
other lawful purpose.
(2) Prohibit dealers from selling a pistol over
the counter to anyone who does not live in the
state where the sale is made. This provision, and
the restrictions on interstate transportation,
woul� impose discriminatory burdens on people
who hve near state boundaries and on those who
must cross state lines to shop.
( 3) Empower the Secretary of the Treasury to
deny a dealer's license to an applicant, if the Sec­
retary or his agents do not like the business ex­
perience, fnancial standing, or trade connections
of the applicant.
(4) Empower the Secretary of the Treasury
to disapprove the importation of any new fre­
arm, if the Secretary or his agents believe the im­
portation would be contrary to public interest.
(5) Classify every frearm with a bore diameter
of more than one-half inch as a destructive de­
vice. This would include three-fourths of all an­
tique guns, subjecting them to federal registra­
tion, confscation, or defacement - at the discre­
tion and pleasure of the Secretary of the Treas­
ury. ( 9)
(6) Require any manufacturer of ammunition
to buy a $500 manufacturer's license every year.
Apparently this would apply to gun clubs which
re-Ioad ammunition for their own members, and
to individuals who re-load for friends.
(7) Require anyone selling rife and hand-gun
ammunition (even .22 caliber) to buy a $1 00
dealer's license each year. This would be a heavy
(in most cases, impossible) burden on small inde­
pendent stores which now sell ammunition.
1|e Do11-Ha:µ|· û:ea:as ||||s woa|1 g|ve
|e1e:al omc|alsac||a|te1µove:to |aµose|a:s|
ac1 |a:1ecsoae :est:|ct|ocs oc al| |aw·a||1|cg
c|t|zecs w|o sell, µossess, o: ase û:ea:as. 1|e
µowe: coa|1 |e ase1 to :eqa|:e cat|ocal :eg|s·
t:at|oc,o:evectoe||a|catet|eµ:|vateowce:s||µ
o| gacs|· law·a||1|cg µe:socs, |at | t woa|1
ceve:|eeµc:|a|ca|s|:oagett|cgac1as|cggacs
ac1 1est:act|ve 1ev|ces. lc1ee1, t|e Do11-Ha:·
µ|· ||l|s µ:ov|1e coµeca|t|es |o: c:|a|cals w|o
asegacs :ct|e coaa:ss|oc o|c:|ae. 1|eµeca|-
tiesarea:ae1at|aw|alse|le:sac1ase:so|gacs.
What To Do
tceû:ea:as||||µ:esect|·|e|o:eCocg:ess|s
a|ae1 at t|eµ:oµe: ta:getc:|a|ca| ase o| a:e·
a:as Cc Ha:c| ., l º:·, L. : keµ:esectat|ve
ko|e:t k Case· ( 1exas Deaoc:at , |ct:o1ace1
Hk ·:!., a|||l µ:ov|1|cg t|at, ¨w|oeve: ases o:
ca::|es ac· i:ea:a 1a:|cg t|ecoaa|ss|oc o|ac·
:o||e:·, assaalt, aa:1e:, :aµe, |a:g|a:·, || 1caµ·
µ|cg, o: |oa|c|1e ( ot|e: t|ac |cvo|acta:· aac·
s|

ag|te: , ¨ s|a|| |e sectecce1 to . · ·ea:s |c
µnsoc.
Ic saµµo:t o| ||s ||ll, keµ:esectat|ve Case·
sa| 1
"I ask this Congress to stop the harassment of
the legitimate gun owner - and instead to open
war on the illegal use of frearms by the criminal
preying on society. "
1|e Case· a:ea:as ||ll |s t|e ocl· ||c1 o|
û:ea:as leg|s|at|oc 1es|:a||e |c a |:ee soc|e:·,
|at, as a federal |aw, |t, too, woa|1 |e accocst|·
tat.oca|kesµocs|||||t·|o::est:|ct|cgc:|a|ca|ase
o|û:ea:as|e|ocgstoloca|ac1stategove:caects.
W|ec enough Aae:|cacvote:sac1e:stac1ac1
:esµect oa: Cocst|tat|oc, t|e· w||| elect cocst|-
tat.oca||sts to t|e cat|ocal Cocg:ess A Cocg:ess
coaµose1 o| cocst|tat|oca||sts woal1 :eµea| a||
ex|st|cgû:ea:as|awsac1:e|asetoµassac·ao:e,
|ecaaset|e Cocst|tat|oc a|so|ate|· µ:o||||ts |e1·
e:a| a:ea:as|eg|s|at|oc lc1e+||cgw|t|t|eµ:es·
ect Cocg:ess, |oveve:, t|e µeoµ|e s|oa|1, µe:·
|aµs, coccect:ate oc l|a|te1 o|j ect|ves, oce at a
t|ae.
1|e:e |s :eal 1acge: t|at t|e Do11·Ha:µ|·
û:ea:as ||||s w|ll µass t||s ·ea:. Cocst|tat|ocal
cocse:vat|ves a|g|t :ea||ze t|e|: aax|aaa euec·
t|vecess || t|e· woal1 coccect:ate oc stoµµ|cg
t|ese sµec|ac ||l|s.
\ :|tetot|eL : keµ:esectat|ve |:oa·oa:
1|st:|ctac1 to t|etwoL :. :ecato:s |:oa·oa:
state.lcstea1o|1eaac1|cg:eµealo|a||ex|st|cg,
ac1 :eject|oco|all µec1|cg, ie1e:+|ü:e+.÷sleg­
|s|at|oc, exµ:ess ·oa: 1|saµµ:oval o| t|e Do11·
Page 133
mc:µ|·||||s÷: 1 591 , : 1 592, Hk6629, accHk
6628. ma|e ·oc: |ette:s |:|ei acc coc:teocs. :a·
s|aµ|· t|at ·oc |e||eve t|e ||||s a:e cccocst|tc·
t|oca|, acc t|at t|e· voc|c µ|ace |a:s| |c:cecs
oc |aw·a||c|cg c|t|zecs, |c: voc|c co: µ:evect
c:|a|ca| cse oi ceac|· veaµocs Acc:ess L :
keµ:esectat|ves, HocseCaceßc||c|cg,Was||cg·
toc, D c. ; L: :ecato:s,:ecateCaceßc||c|cg
G|ve a coµy oi t||s Report to as aac· ot|e:
µeoµ|e as µoss|||e, acc eccoc:age t|ea to v:|:e
aea|e:s oi Cocg:ess.
Ii ·oc t||c|acc|t|oca| |eg|s|a:|oc |sceecec to
cc:ta|| c:|a|ca| cse oi a:ea:as in your state, ·oc
s|oc|c vo:| |o: |eg|s|at.oc co¬¡a:a||e to t|e
Case· |||| aec:|ocec a|ove, a: :|e s:ate |eve|.
Yoc coc|c sta:t |· v:|t|cg t|e Nat|oca| k|ûe
Assoc|at|oc, 1 600 k|oce ls|acc Avecce, N. W ,
Was|.cgtoc D C 20006. As| io: µa::|cc|a:soc
a:ea:as |eg|s|at|oc v||c| t|e Assoc|a:|oc |s scµ·
µo:t|cg, o: woc|c :ecoaaecc, io: ·oc: state Ii
·oc v|s| to coaacc|cate v|t| ·oc: state |eg|s·
|ato:s, ·oc cacget t|e|: caaes acc oac|a| aa||·
|cg acc:esses |· ca|||cg ·oc: c|t· c|e:|, ·oc:
cocct· c|e:|, o:, µoss|||·, a µc|||c |||:a:·.
Di sarmament
¡cte:cat|oca||sts sa· t|at ve a:e aov|cg |cex·
o:a||· :o·a:c awo:|c o:ce: , :|atve ¬cs: a|ac·
coc ca:|oca| sove:e|gct·, c|sa:a oc: cat|oc, acc
sc::ecce: to a vo:|c ac:|o:|:·, || ··e ·|s| :o
sc:v|ve|ct||sage oi|·c:ogec |oa|s acc |cte:·
coc:|cecta| |a|||s:|c a|ss||es . t|at ac· w|o c| |cg
to o|c·ias||ocec |cea|s oi |cc|v|cca| |sa acc ca·
t|oca||s¬ a:e ¬ecta||· |||
Icte:ca:|oca||s:s|ave|eec|ccoc::o|oiA¬e:|·
cac io:e|gc µo||c· io: ao:e :|ac tvo cecaces.
T|e:e |s a|cccac: ev|cecce :|at t|e· a:e aov|cg
tova:c cc||ate:a| c|sa:aa¬ect oi t|e Lc|tec
::a:es, µ|acc|cg:|esc::ecce:oioc:a:¬e� io:

ces
to soae |cte:ca:|oca| agecc· lc:e:cat.eca|.s:s
vo:||cg to c|sa:a t|e cat|oc a:e a|so |eace:s |c
:|e c:|ve|o: iece:a| a:ea:as |avstoc|sa:a:|e
c|t|zec:·
Ios|o:t,t|e:e|sac|ose,s|gc|acact:e|at|ocs||µ
|etweec c|sa:aaaect acc iece:a| a:ea:¬s coc·
t:o|.ßea:|cgt||s|ca|cccotesoaecoaaects|·
L|ectecac:Gece:a|A::|c:G T:cceac,L:A ke·
t|:ec, , io:ae: C||ei oi A:a· Icte| ||gecce acc
io:ae: C||ei oi kesea:c| acc Deve|oµaect io:
t|e A:a· Gece:a| T:cceac |s cow µ:es|cect oi
Gc|i kesea:c| acc Deve|oµaect Coaµac·. Cc
ma:c| 9, 1965, Gece:a| T:cceac sµo|e at ac
a:ascoct:o| s·a¡os|ca|cLosAcge|es,Ca|| io:c·
|a H|ssµeec|vasµc|||s|ec|ct|eßo:ge:,Texas,
News-Herald, ma:c| 3 1 , 1965 . He:ea:ea||:ev|·
atec exce:µts
Since 1 947 there has been a gradual movement
toward arms control and disarmament. The mo­
mentum of this movement has accelerated in the
last two years. The impetus has come from both
sides of the Iron Curtain, but for diferent rea­
sons. Many respected advocates of arms con­
trol and disarmament in the United States be­
lieve that this is a road to real peace, while the
Soviets use this as an efective instrument to fur­
ther their goal of world domination.
Foundations and Government agencies (such
as the Department of Defense, Department of
State, and The U. S. Arms Control and Disarma­
ment Agency) have opened their cofers to fi­
nance studies, publications, meetings and sem­
inars, costing millions of dollars. Press, propa­
ganda, and popular literary eforts have


tended this movement by such novels and mOVIes
as On the Beach, Seven Days in May and Fail
Safe. The public is frightened to death by such
language as escalation, proliferation, megadeath,
second strike, and mutul deterrence.
Today Arms Control eforts are adversely af­
fecting our national policy and military posture,
from strategy to weapons. This infuence is one
of the most pervasive of all forces at work today
in restricting a more positive national policy
worthy of the United States.
The very fact that recent United Stat
.
es dis­
armament proposals do not seem to reqUIre po­
litical solutions of major existing disputes as a
prerequisite of disarmament
.
demonstrates
.
a very
real danger that, in the Umted States, dIsarma­
ment, which is at best an idealistic approach to
peace, may be becoming an end in itself.
There is great peril in assuming that condi­
tions of general and complete disarmament are
synonymous with peace as we understand that
term.
Page 134
The conditions of general and complete dis·
arma

ent would make a pre-emptive attack more
te

ptmg. In the

<nfict between powers with
m

Jor but demobIlIzed war potential, any sur­
pnse move could be decisive. Therefore the
temptation of an enemy to strike frst will be
much stronger if the planned reduction of our
stockpile from 30 [thousand] to two thousand
megatons is efected by the 1 970's.
Disarmament favors those states which are bet·
tel' equipped to employ nonmilitary or submili·
t

ry
.
and covert means of coercion. This gives a
dIstmct advantage to the closed society over the
open democratic society as years of cold war ex·
perience have proven.
Advocates of World Disarmament at the Sixth
Pugwash Conference held in Moscow, Russia,
three weeks after our 1 960 presidential election
stressed three objectives:
1 . A highly centralized world government.
2. A socialistic economic system.
3. A totally regimented society with a built·in,
self-policing process utilizing police and inform­
ers.
Are you skeptical? As a good citizen, you should
be, particularly since this position was accept·
able to a group of recognized American scien·
tists, including some who came to occupy key
policy-making positions in our national govern­
ment.
Some of you may be inclined to scof when
I say that these Pugwash Conferences advocate
a totally regimented society.
But the late Dr. Leo Szilard-who, with Cyrus
Eaton and Bertrand Russell, was one of the
founders of the Pugwash movement-seriously
proposed a worldwide gestapo system at the
eighth conference held in Vermont even more
recently.
.
Dr. Szilard emphasized the need for empower­
mg a world Peace Court to "to impose the death
penalty" on anyone who even justifes war in
defense of their ideals. Furthermore, he pro­
posed that, "The Court could deputize any and
all citizens to execute the sentence."
Lest you be inclined to shrug of the Pugwash
Co
.
nferences as

lere theorizing, I would like to
pomt out that thIS movement has to date enjoyed
unbelievable success. It may have paved the way
for the test ban treaty and for the United Nations
resolution banning the orbiting of nuclear wea­
pons-both seemingly desirable, but both loaded
with perhaps fateful consequences for the future
of our nation and of freedom in the world. What
else have these Pugwash conferences planted the
seed for or accomplished?
H

ve they signaled the weakening of American
foreIg

pollcr

upported by sufcient power to
make It realIstIc-and credible?
Have they fostered other steps toward uni­
lateral disarmament?
Did t�ey initiate muzz
.
ling of the military and
the contmued downgradmg of professional mili­
tary opinion?
Did they press for reduction in the develop­
ment and even procurement of new weapons
systems and the cutback or elimination of some
already under development?
Did they forecast the coming reduction of U. S.
ground divisions to a number less than those
available at the beginning of World War II.
And air units to come?
Did they result in the rejection of the manned
bomber, Sky Bolt, Red Eye, Davy Crockett, the
MRBM and other weapons systems advocated
for new or continued military use?
Was such a philosophy extended [ in State
Department Paper No. 7277 ] in September,
WH O I S DAN S MO O T ?
Born in Missouri, reared in Texas, Dan Smoot went to SMU getting BA and MA degrees, 1938 and 1940. In
1941, he joined the faculty at Harvard as a Teaching Fellow, doing graduate work for a doctorate in American civili­
zation. From 1942 to 1951 , he was an FBI agent : three and a half years on communist investigations; two yers on
FBI headquarters staf; almost four years on general FBI cases in various places. He resigned from the FBI and,
from 1951 to 1955, was commentator on national radio and television programs, giving both sides of controversial
issues. In July, 1955, he started his present proft-supported, free-enterprise business : publishing The Dan Smoot
Report, a weekly magazine available by subscription; and producing a weekly news-analysis radio and television
broadcast, available for sponsorship by reputable business frms, as an advertising vehicle. The Report and broadct
give one side of important issues: the side that presents documented truth using the American Constitution as a yard­
stick. If you think Smoot's materials are efective against socialism and communism, you can help immensely-help get
subribers for the Report, commercial sponsors for the brodcast.
Page 135
1 961 ? This paper proposed, you will remember,
placing all armed forces and all weapons under
one international organization-the United Na­
tions. Our country could only possess weapons
needed, literally, for internal police. This is the
concept envisioned when they talk about world
order under world law. But who could enforce
it?
This proposal for general and complete dis­
armament, as presented by President Kennedy
to the Gener'al Assembly of the UN and by our
government to the Geneva Committee on Dis­
armament, stands as the ofcial U. S. position
today, as far as I know.
I cannot accept the warped conclusion pro­
mulgated by some that since no modern defense
can be completely adequate, we must accept
the best disarmament terms we can negotiate.
While the CIA is reported to have told Con­
gress that the Soviets are pouring an enormous
amount of resources into upgrading military
weapons and hoping for a "qualitative break­
through," defense plans still withhold a pro­
posed $25 billion expenditure over fve years
for missile and satellite defense that, by their
own estimates, could save over 70 million Amer­
ican lives. Though I've gladly taken my battle­
feld risks for free, I hate to have any of us
written of for about $350 per person in these
days of government largess.
Our apparent failure to press on toward even
better weapons systems endangers our survival
in the years ahead.
Even today, Viet Cong anti-aircraft equipment
seems better rounded out than our own. With
the practical elimination of anti·aircraft weapons
Subscription:
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in the conventional 30 cal. to 75 mm. class
from our arsenal and the refusal to procure
Red Eye [ missiles] , our troops and installations
are relatively naked to air attack.
We can "save," not two but up to 50 billion
dollars a year on the National Budget by reo
ducing our defense efort but if we do, we may
be paying many times over in tribute and taxes
to the Communist Treasury some day.
Correction and Apol ogy
Co Page í .! oi t|e Aµ:|l i º, i º:·, |ssae oi
t||sReport, I sa|c t|eC|a:c|oiC|:|stwasooe
oiioa:P:otestaot ceooa|oat|oos w|ose a|o|ste:s
a::aogeca |eoeût|all io:sexaal µe:ve:ts |o:ao
l:aoc|sco, |at s|oalc |ave sa|c Lo|tec C|a:c|
oiC|:|st.
FOOTNOTES
( 1 ) Texas Almanac fOI' 1 961 - 1962, pp. 346-7
( 2 ) "Text Of President Johnson's March 8 Message On Crime,"
Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, March 1 2, 1965, p. 395
( 3 ) Federal Fireat'ms Laws, complete texts published by the Na­
tional Rifle Asociation of America, 1 600 Rhode Island Avenue,
Washington, D. C. 20006
(4) Copy of prepared text by Mr. John M. Schooley
( 5 ) The Encyclopedia Americana, 1 961 edition, Volume XXVI,
pp. 148-9
( 6) Pamphlet, National Rifle Association, circa 1963
(7) The American Rifleman, August, 1 946, p. 3 1
( 8) U. S . Representative Murphy's bi l l , HR 6629, i s the same as
U. S. Senator Dodd's bill, S 1 591 , to amend the National Fire­
arms Act of 1 934; Representative Murphy' s bil l , HR 6628, is
the same as Senator Dodd's bill , S 1 592, to amend the Federal
Firearms Act of 1938,
(9) Conference with Mr. Leon C. Jackson of Dallas, Texas, inter­
nationally-known antique firearms dealer and official of the
National Rifle Association
NAME (Please Print)
STREET ADDRESS
CITY STATE ZIP CODE
(Texans Add 2% for Sale Tax)
THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, BOX 95 38, DALLAS, TEXAS 75 214 TAYLOR 1-2303
Page 1 36
-
·
·
ÏMË
111 Smoot Report
Vol. 1 1 , No. 1 8 (Broadcast 506) May 3, 1 965 Dallas, Texas
DAN SMOOT
I MMI GRATI ON PROBL E M
¡o ja|y, l º:ª, P:es|1eot jo|o l. Keooe1y as|e1 io: :ev|s|oo oi |aa|g:at|oo lavs, 1eaao1·
|og aeo||:|oo oit|e oat|ooa| o:|g|o caota systea (t|e eas|c ieata:e oi oa: µ:eseot |aa|g:at|oo
|avs , , say|og
"The system is based upon the national origins of the population of the United States in
1 920 . . + . Because of the composition of our population in 1 920, the system is heavily weighted
in favor of immigration from northern Europe and severely limits immigration from southern
and eastern Europe and from other parts of the world . . . . "( 1 )
Cojaoaa:yº, l º:!,P:es|1eotLyo1ooß. jo|osooeo1o:se1 t|eKeooe1y |aa|g:at|ooµ:oµosa|s ,
eatt|eººt|Coog:ess1|1ooteoactt|ea|otolav
Co jaoaa:y i ª, l º:·, P:es|1eot jo|osoo saea|tte1 a sµec|a| aessage to Coog:ess, say|og
"A change is needed in our laws dealing with immigration. Four Presidents [ Johnson, Ken­
nedy, Eisenhower, Truman] have called attention to serious defects in this legislation. Action
is long overdue . . . The principal reform called for is the elimination of the national origins
quota system. That system is incompatible with our basic American tradition . . . .
"Violations of this tradition [ of admitting people from all nations ] by the national origins
quota system does incalculable harm. The procedures imply that men and women from some
countries are, just because of where they come from, more desirable citizens than others . . . .
Relationships with a number of countries, and hence the success of our foreign policy, is need­
lessly impeded by this proposition.
"The quota system has other grave defects. Too often it arhitrarily denies us immigrants
who have outstanding and sorely needed talents and skills. I do not believe this is either good
government or good sense.
"Thousands of our citizens are needlessly separated from their parents or other close rela­
tives . . . .
"I urge the Congress to return the United States to an immigration policy which serves the
national interest and continues our traditional ideals . . 4 9 "( 2
)
THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, a magazine published every week by The Dan Smoot Report, Inc., mail­
ing address P. O. Box 9538, Lakewood Station, Dallas, Texas 75214; Telephone TAylor 1 -2303 (office
address 6441 Gaston Avenue) . Subscription rates: $1 0.00 a year, $6.00 for 6 months, $18.00 for two years.
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Add 2% sales tax on all orders originating in Texas for Texas delivery.
Copyright by Dan Smoot, 1965. Second class mail privilege authorized at Dallas, Texas.
No Reproductions Permittd.
Pag 137
keµ:ese

tat|ve£aaoae|Ce||e:,NevYo:| C|ty
Deaoc

at,:ot:o1ace1t|ea1a|o|st:at|oo|||| ( Hk
. ·ºc, II t|

�oaseoojaoaa:y l ª ·eoato:P||||µ
A Ha:t, m:c|:gao Deaoc:at, |ot:o1ace1 a coa·
µao|oo |||| ( ·· cc, |ot|e·eoateoojaoaa:y l ·
T|e Ce||e:·Ha:t a1a.o|st:at|oo ||||s a:e µ:ac·
t|ca||y |1eot|ca| v|t| t|e Keooe1y µ:oµosa|s oi
l º:ª
History of American I mmi gration
P :es|1eot jo|osoo |s oot co::ect |o asse:t|og
t|ataooo·se|ec.|ve,v|1e·oµeo|aa.g:at|ooµo||cy
|s a t:a1|t|ooa| Aae:|cao |1ea| £veo |eio:e t|e
Aae:|cao Wa: lo: lo1eµeo1eoce, |aa|g:at|oo
|otot|eco|oo|esvasoiteo:est:|cte1,aostoit|e
:est:|ct|oos |e|og aga|ostao1es|:a||e|o1|v|1aa|s
T|eloao1|og lat|e:s st:oog|y oµµose1 easy, |o·
1|sc:|a|oatea1a|ss|oooiio:e|goe:stot|eLo|te1
·tates, iea:|og t|at µeoµ|e v|o 1|1 oot ao1e:·
stao1o::esµectAae:|cao|1ea|s oi i:ee1oa ao1
|o1eµeo1eocevoa|1:e-esta|||s||ot|eoevvo:|1
t|e oµµ:ess|ve o|1·vo:|1 µo||t|ca|, soc|a|, ao1
ecoooa.c systeas v||c| Aae:|caos |a1 :e|el|e1
aga|ost. Geo:ge Was||ogtoo, ßeojaa|ol:ao|||o,
jo|o A1aas, A|exao1e: Haa||too, T|oaas jei·
ie:soo a||ve:eoatsµo|eooot||sµo|ot.(
8
)
Io l :ºº,t|eCoot|oeotal Coog:ess aoao|aoas|y
a1oµte1 a :eso|at|oo :ecoaaeo1|og t|at states
|aµose:est:|c.|oosooce:ta|otyµesoi|aa|g:aots
·|x states ( Geo:g|a, massac|asetts, Nev Yo:|,
Peoosylvao|a,·oat|Ca:o||oa,V|:g|o|a, µ:oaµt|y
acte1 to |aµ|eaeot t|e :ecoaaeo1at|oo T|e
t:oa||esoae µ:o||ea oi |aa|g:at|oo vas aac|
1|scasse1 |o t|e ea:|y 1ays oi t|e keµa|||c, |at
oooat|ooa| µo||cyvasa1oµte1,|ecaaseoiaoao·
:eso|ve1 qaest|oo s|oa|1 act|oo |e ta|eo |y t|e
oat|ooa| gove:oaeot o: |y state gove:oaeots? ( 3)
T|e Coost|tat|oo vas a1oµte1 |o l:ºº , ao1
t|e a:st oat|ooa| ceosas, :eqa|:e1 |y t|e Coo·
st|tat|oo,vasta|eo|o l :ºc. T|at a:st ceosas :e·
veale1t|eiollov|ogcoaµos|t|oooit|eAae:|cao
µoµalat|oo( 3)
English
Negro
Scotch
German
Dutch
Irish
French
Hebrew
All others
2,605,699
757,208(4)
221,562
176,407
78,959
61,534
1 7,619
1 ,243
9,421
£xc|as|veoi Io1|aos ( ootcoaote1 |o t|e l :ºc
ceosas, ao1 oi oeg:oes ( aost oi v|oa ve:e
s|aves , ,t|eAae:|caoµoµa|at|ooatt|e|eg|oo|og
oioa:oat|ooal || ievasao:et|aoºº¯oo:t|e:o
ao1 veste:o £a:oµeao stoc| (geoe:a||y ca||e1
oo:1|c,.
It |s est|aate1 t|at ieve: t|ao .·c,ccc |aa|·
g:aots caaetoAae:|cai:oa l :ºcto l º.c ( ao1
t|att|eyve:eµ:act|ca||y a|| oo:t|e:o ao1 vest·
e

o £a:oµeaos , (3) Yet, 1a:|og t|at ªc-yea: µe·
no1, t|e µoµa|at|oo oi t|e Lo|te1 ·tates ao:e
t|ao 1oa||e1( 5)
Co ma:c| ., l ºl º, Coog:ess µasse1 t|e a:st
|aa|g:at|oo ||||, oot :est:|ct|og |aa|g:at|oo |at
:eqa|:|oga||st|ogoia|||aa.g:aotsßeio:et|eo,
t|e:e |a1 |eeo oo acca:ate :eco:1s oi |aa|g:a·
t|oo ßetveeo l º.cao1 lº·c, t|e µoµa|at|oo oi
t|e Lo|te1 ·tates ao:e t|ao t:|µ|e1 Io t||s ªc·
yea: µe:|o1, |aa|g:at|oo vas :esµoos|||e io:
aac| oi t|e µoµa|at|oo g:ovt|, |at, s|oce aost
oit|e |aa|g:aots ve:e i:oa oo:t|e:o ao1 vest·
e:o£a:oµe, t|eL. · µoµa|at|oo|o lº·c ( exc|a·
s|ve oi io1|aos ao1 oeg:oes, vas st| || oo:1|c(8)
Pa|l|c 1eaao1 io: |aa|g:at|oo coot:o|s vas
v|1esµ:ea1 1a:|ogt|e lºªc sao1 l º!c s,ao1:e·
aa|oe1 a 1oa|oaot µo||t|cal |ssae aot|| t|e C|v||
Wa: Cµeo|og oi t|e West g:eat|y acce|e:ate1
|aa|g:at.ooaite:t|e C|v|l Wa: , |att|eoev|o·
ûax oi |aa|g:aots 1|1 oot s|go|acaotly c|aoge
t|e :ac|a| coaµos|t|oo oi oa: µoµa|at|oo, |e·
caase aost oi t|e |aa|g:aots ve:e st||| i:oa
oo:t|e:oao1veste:o£a:oµeT|el ººcceosas:e·
vea|e1t|atao:et|aoº·¨-oit|ev||teAae:|cao
µoµa|at|oovasoo:1|c.(6)
J|e ñ:st ceota:y oi Aae:|cas oat|ooal l|ie
aoce: t|e present Constitution ended with the
1eca1e oi t|e l ººc s. Io t|at saae 1eca1e, t|e
Page 138
g:ea: Aae:|cao i:oo:|e: vao|s|ec T|e µass|og
oi :|e i:oo:|e: |:oag|: µ:oioaoc c|aoges II :a·
a|g:a:|oo.
T|e a|ll|oos oi |aa|g:ao:s v|o caae :o
Aae:|ca |e:veeo i :ºc ao1 i ººc, µas||og ac:oss
:|e coo:|oeo: |o :|e a|:acle oi |aaao ac||eve·
aeo:|oovoas:|eWes:va:cmoveaeo:,|aza:c·
iog :|e|: all oo a voyage |o:o :|e ao|oovo,
ca:v|og a g:ea: oa:|oo oa: oi a :av v|l1e:oess,
ve:e, µ:e1oa|oao:ly, oo:c|cs i:oa oo::|e:o aoc
ves:e:o £a:oµe L|ie oo :|e Aae:|cao i:oo:|e:
vas |a:s| oi:eo ex::ao:c|oa:|ly c:ael , |o: :|e
|aa|g:ao:s v|o |elµec :aae :|e v|lc coao::y
ca:|og :|a: a:s: a|:acaloas ceo:a:y oi oa: oa·
:|ooal l|ie ve:e oo: loo||og io: :|e ia: aoc easy
l|ie T|eyve:e loo||og io: i:eecoa
ßy l ººc, :|eWes:vasvoo T|eg:ea:. vacao:
coo:|oeo:|ac |eeo exµlo:ec ao1aa1e saie T|e
voyage :o Aae:|ca vas oo looge: ao acveo:a:e
|o:o:|ecaoge:oasao|oovo,o:aca:|ogµ|lg:|a-
age |o qaes: oi i:eecoa, |: vas a j oa:oey :o :|e
µ:oa|sec laoc l:vas:|eo:|a:g:ea: :|cal vaves
oi |aa|g:ao:sa aaj o:|:y oi :|ea i:oa soa:|·
e:o aoc eas:e:o £a:oµe |egao µoaoc|og oa:
s|o:es.( 7)
ßy l ºcc, Aae:|caos|ac|egao:ovo::ya|oa:
:|e µ:osµec: oi ove:·µoµala:|oo, aoc a|oa: :|e
accec µ:o|lea oi ass|a|la:|oo lo aos: oi oa:
eas:e:o c|:|es, :|e:e ve:e|age, aoass|a|la:ec oa·
:|ooal|:yg:oaµs µeoµle v|o :e:a|oec :|e lao·
gaage, cas:oas, ao1 a::|:a1es oi :|e oa:|oos
v|eoce :|ey |ac coae :oae secooc·geoe:a:|oo
µ:ocac:s oi :|ese g:oaµs ( ieel|og lei: oa:, ca:
oû, aoc oµµ:essec, |ecaae easy µ:ey :o :ac|e:·
ee:s, v|ce ae:c|ao:s, aoc sa|ve:s|ve ag|:a:o:s.
(
3)
£a:ly |aa|g:ao:s i:oa oo::|e:o ao1 ves:e:o
£a:oµe |a1 |:oag|:v|:| :|easoae aoce:s:aoc·
| og oii:eecoaaoc soae exµe:|eoce |oseli·gov·
e:oaeo: , |a: vas: oaa|e:s oi la:e: |aa|g:ao:s,
i:oa:|eslaasaocg|e::oesoisoa:|e:oao1eas:-
e:o £a:oµe ve:eao|ll|:e:a:e, oµµ:essec oi:eo
|:a:al|zec µeoµle maoy oi :|ea caae, oo:
to help build something from nothing, but |op·
|og :o ge: soae:||og io: oo:||og.
ßy i ºl!, |aa|g:a:|oo vas a cel|ca:e aoc cao·
ge:oasµ:o|lea|o:|eLo|:ec::a:es Cooceo::a:ec
oa:|ooal|:y g:oaµs |ac |ecoae vo:|og |locs a|le
:ocoo::olveoalµol|:|c|aosaoc:|as|oûaeoceoa·
:|ooal leg|sla:|oo :o se:ve, oo: :|e oa:|eos |o·
:e:es:, |a: :|e|: ovo seli|s| |o:e:es:s
Wooc:ovW|lsoos¡o|e||::e:l,oi¨:||scoa:se
c:ev ' oi eas:e:o aoc soa:|e:o £a:oµeaos ] :|a:
caaec:ovc|og|oeve:yyea:a::|eeas:e:oµo::s, ¨
say|og :|ey ve:e less ces|:a|le :|ao C||:ese la·
|o:e:s ( v|o|a1|eeoexclacec|yva:|oasac:soi
Coog:ess s|oce i ºº. ) (3)
Co le|:aa:y ·, i ºi :, Coog:ess µassec ao |a·
a|g:a:|oo ac: exclac|og µ:ac:|cally all As|aos,
:eqa|:|og|aa|g:ao:s:oµassas|aµlel|:e:acy:es:,
ao1 µ:o||||:|og |aa|g:a:|oooi |o1|v|caal ao1e·
s|:a|les ( |c|o:s c:|a|oals, cegeoe:a:es, µe:soos
v|:|se:|oascoaaao|ca|lec|seases,aocsooo,( 3)
ßa::|e aaaao:| |oûax oi eas:e:o aoc soa:|e:o
£a:oµeaos coo:|oaec.( 7)
lo :|e yea:s l º.c·. i , ao:e :|ao ooe aoc a
qaa::e: a|ll|oo |aa|g:ao:s eo:e:ec :|e Lo|:ec
::a:es A :ecess|oo occa::ec ca:|og :||s :|ae oi
acj as:aeo: :o a µeace:|ae ecoooay, aoc Aae:|-
caosolc|e:s,:e:a:o|ogi:oaWoncWa:l,ioaoc
:|e gooc j o|s :a|eo |y :|e oev |aa|g:ao:s.
::a:|s:|cs :evealec ao ala:a|og µ|c:a:e a: :|e
|eg|oo|og oi :|e koa:|og Tveo:|es
- Immigrants from southern and eastern
Europe, adhering to the cultures of their mother
countries, were hostile to the free institutions of
America. They were fomenting views and ex­
erting political pressures dangerous to the Amer­
ican system of social and political organization.
- The ignorance and low standards of non­
nordic immigrants were depressing wages, caus­
ing unemployment, creating slums, increasing
crime rates.
- Immigration was replacing the old native
stock with a racially diferent stock, not only
because of the vast numbers of new immigrants,
but also because they created social and economic
conditions which depressed the native birth rate.
- Almost all violence and turmoil caused by
anarchism, socialism, communism, and other
alien iSIlls could be traced to the new immi­
grants.
Page 139
- There were more than 1 500 foreign-lan­
guage new

papers in the United States, many of
t�em hostile to American constitutional prin­
CIples, many advocating socialism, most of them
encouraging foreign nationality groups to retain
their identity as aliens, apart from, and at odds
with, the mainstream of American life.
- Fewer than 50% of the new immigrants
tried to achieve citizenship, because they did not
understand (or did not want) the responsibilities
of citizens in a free, self-governing country.
- A majority of all inmates in public institu­
tions for feeble-minded and insane persons, for
paupers, and for criminals were new immi­
grants. ( 3)
5oae:||og |a1 :o |e 1ooe, |a: eûec:|ve ac·
:|oo was 1|aca|: eecaase oi :|e µo||:|cal µowe:
oi aoass|a|la:e1 oa:|ooal|:y g:oaµs Io !c oi:|e
´ºAae:|caoc|:|esw|:|ao:e:|aol cc,cccµeoµ|e
|o lº.c, io:e|goe:s ao1 :|e|: c||l1:eocoos:|:a:e1
aaajo:|:yoi:|e:o:al µoµala:|oo £|g|:yµe:ceo:
oiNewYo:|C|:ywasio:e|goeo:oo:oiio:e|go
µa:eo:age Io ßos:oo, !´ ª¨- oi a|l aales ove:
. l we:e io:e|go |o:o. Io all :|e New £oglao1
s:a:es,ao1|o:|es:a:esoiNewYo:|Newje:sey,
ao1 Peoosylvao|a, ao:e :|ao ª·¨- oi all aales
a|ove :|e age oi . l we:e io:e|go |o:o.( 3)
Comay lº, lº. l , Coog:ess µasse1 a s:oµ·gaµ
law µlac|og soae qao:a :es::|c:|oos oo |aa|g:a·
:|oo, |a: a 1eao|:e, µe:aaoeo: µol|cy was
oee1e1(3)
Io l º.!,:|eHoaseCoaa|::eeoo Iaa|g:a:|oo
ao1 Na:a:al|za:|oo :eµo::e1.
"Since it is the axiom of political science that
a government not imposed by external force is
the visible expression of the ideals, standards and
social viewpoint of the people over which it rules,
it is obvious that a change in the character or
composition of the population must inevitably
result in the evolution of a form of government
consonant with the base upon which it rests. If,
therefore, the principles of individual liberty,
guarded by constitutional government created
on this continent nearly a century and a half
ago are to endure, the basic strain of our popu­
lation must be maintained and our economic
standards preserved.
"With full recognition of the material progress
which we owe to the races from southern and
eastern Europe, we are conscious that the con­
tinued arrival of great numbers tends to upset
our balance of population, to depress our stand­
a
.
rd of living, and to unduly charge our institu­
tIOns for the care of the socially inadequate.
"If immigration from southern and eastern
Europe may enter the United States on a basis
of substantial equality with that admitted from
olde

sources of supply, it is clear that if any ap­
preCiable number of immigrants are to be al­
lowed to land upon our shores the balance of
racial preponderance must in time pass to those
ele

ents of the population who reproduce more
rapIdly on a lower standard of living than those
possessing other ideals.
"We owe impartial j ustice to all those who
have established themselves in our midst . . . .
On the other hand, the American people do not
concede the right of any foreign group in the
United States, or government abroad, to demand
a participation in our possessions, tangible or in­
tangible, or to dictate the character of our leg­
islation æ . . ."(3)
Desµ|:e |eavy oµµos|:|oo i:oa s:a:es w|:|
la:geoaaee:soioew |aa|g:ao:s, Aae:|ca sa:s:
coaµ:e|eos|ve|aa|g:a:|ooµol|cywaseoac:e1|o·
:o law |o Aµ:|l, l º.!. T|e Iaa|g:a:|oo Ac: oi
l º.! es:a|l|s|e1 a oa:|ooal o:|g|o qao:a sys:ea
w||c| aµµl|e1:o alloa:|oos, exceµ: |o1eµeo1eo:
oa:|oos|o:|eWes:e:oHea|sµ|e:e T|elawµ:o·
v|1e1 :|+: a :o:al oi l ´!,´¯¯ |aa|g:ao:s a yea:
coal1eea1a|::e1i:oaa||oi:|eqao:acoao::|es
T|eqao:ag|veoeac|coao::ywas |ase1 |o|:|ally
oo:|e l ººcceosas, :|eeases||i:|og :o :|e lº.c
ceosas |o l º.º, ao1:|e:o:a| qao:a 1ec:eas|og:o
l · ª, ¯l !.
T|e sys:ea wo:|e1 :||s way.
If 40% of the American population in 1 890
was of British origin, only 40% of the 1 64,677
immigrants allowed from quota countries each
year could be British; if 20 % of the American
population in 1 890 were German, only 20% of all
quota immigrants could be German; if 5 % of
the population were Italian in 1 890, only 5%
of all quota immigrants could be Italian. In
1 929, nationality quotas were changed to refect
the composition of the American population as
revealed by the 1 920 census.
Exceptions from quota restrictions were made
for certain individuals. For example, if only
Page 140
65,000 could be admitted in one year from Great
Britain, as quota immigrants, additional British
could be admitted as non-quota immigrants, de­
p
.
ending on family ties and other situations speci­
�Ied
.
by law. National origin quotas applied to
I

mI

rants from European colonies or posses­
SIons II the Western Hemisphere, but all immi­
grants from independent nations in the Western
Hemisphere were non-quota. The law set no
limit on non-quota immigrants.
All immigrants - quota and non-quota - were
subject to restrictions intended to keep out such
undesirables as illiterates, idiots, criminals, and
so onø
J|e1|sµ:oµo:t|oo|os|zeso||aa|g:aotqaotas
ass|goectoqaotaoat|oos |·t|e Iaa|g:at|ooAct
o| lº.!wasoot|ase1 oo t|eo:|es o|:ac|a| saµe·
:|o:|t·, |at oo a ces|:e to aa|ota|o, as oea:|· as
µoss|||e, t|e ||oc o|µoµa|at|oo w||c| |ac |a||t
oa:oat|oo. Ioasaac|ast|e l ººcceosas :evea|ec
t|ataµµ:ox|aate|·º·¨-o|t|eµoµa|at|ooo|t|e
Lo|tec :tates was oo:c|c, t|e |oteot o| t|e l º.!
law was to gaa:aotee t|at aµµ:ox|aate|· 8Y7o
o|a|||ata:e|aa|g:aotswoalc|eoo:c|c.ßatt|e
|aw |a||ec to accoaµ||s| |ts µa:µose, |ecaase o|
exceµt|oos w||c| a||owec aoaosµec|i ec oaa|e:
o| ooo·qaota |aa|g:aots. l:oa lº.· to l º.º,
µ:act|ca||·a||quota immigrants caae|:oaoo:c|c
coaot:|es , |at t|e· we:e oo|· |a|| o| t|e tota|.
T|e ot|e: |a||we:eooo·qaota |aa|g:aots, aost
o|t|ea|:oaooo·qaotacoaot:|es |ot|eWeste::
Hea|sµ|e:e.( 3)
A|te:t|eecoooa|cco||aµseo|l º.º,ooo·qaota
|aa|g:at|oo cec||oec s|a:µ|· - aot|| t|e a|c·
lºªc s, w|eo P:es|ceot l:ao|||o D. kooseve|t
v|:taa||· oa|||aec oa: |as|c |aa|g:at|oo |aws |·
µas||og t|:oag| Coog:ess va:|oas :e|agee acts
aoc aaeocaeots to t|e lº.! statate, aca|tt|og,
as ooo·qaota |aa|g:aots, t|e ||ocs o| µeoµ|e
w|oa t|e lº.! |aw was ces|goec to |eeµ oat.
ß·l º!c,ooo·qaota|aa|g:at|oowasaac|g:eate:
t|ao qaota |aa|g:at|oo, aoc a|oat ºc¨- o| t|e
ooo·qaota |aa|g:aots we:e coa|og |:oa ooo·
oo:c|coat|oos.( 3)
ß· lº!´, oa:|aa|g:at|oo |aws we:e a j aa||e
o| aaeo1aeots aoc exceµt|oos, µ:ov|c|og ||tt|e
µ:otect|ooaga|osta||eo|o:cess-a:a.og.otooa:
coaot:·. T|e ·ov.ets we:e seoc|og coaaao|st
ageots |oto :|e Lo|tec :tates |· t|e t|oasaocs
:ov|et ageots ve:e saagg|e1 |oto t|e Lo|tec
:tates zooe o|Ge:aao·w|e:e, w.t| t|e |e|µ o|
coaaao|sts ao1 t|e|: s·aµat||ze:s |o t|e Iote:-
oat.ooa| ke|agee C:gao.zat|oo, t|e· we:e ce·
c|a:ec v|ct|aso|t|eoaz|saoc,assac|,g|veoµ:|-
o:|t·v.sastot|eLo|tec :tates.
It was aga|ost t||s |ac|g:oaoc t|at Coog:ess,
|o lº!¯, |egao ao ex|aast|ve |oa:·aoc·ooe·|a||·
·ea:stac·w||c|:esa|tec|ot|emcCa::ao·Wa|te:
Act,oa:µ:eseot|as|c|aa|g:+t|oo|aw,eoactec| o
l º·.ove: P:es|ceotT:aaao sveto.(3)
T|emcCa::ao·Wa|te:Actseta||a|to|l ·!, :·¯
a ·ea: as t|e aax|aaa oaa|e: o| qaota |aa|·
g:aots,(8) ao1 c|v|cec t||s oaa|e: |oto oat|ooa|-
|t·qaotas |ssec oo t|e ceosas o| l º.c.
T|e|aw c|sc:|a|oates aga|ost c:.a|oa|s, coa-
aao|sts, aoc ot|e: sa|ve:s|ves, :eqa|:|og ca:e|a|
exaa|oat|ooo| a|| |aa|g:aots.
Attacks on The I mmigration Law
\|t||oave ca·sa|te: t|emcCa::ao-Wa|te:
Act |ecaae eaect|ve |o lº·., a coaa|ss|oo, aµ·
µo|otec |· P:es|ceot T:aaao, :eµo:tec t|at t|e
|aw|acto|e:ew:|tteo.
ße|o:e t|e |awwas a ·ea:o|c,t|eL|seo|owe:
aca|o|st:at|oo |··µassec |t |· :aaa|og t|:oag|
Coog:ess t|e ke|ageeke||e| Act o| lº·ª, w||c|
µe:a|ttec.cº,ccc:e|agee|aa|g:aotstoeote:t|e
L.:. |:oaIa:oµeaocAs|a | oacc|t.ooto|a·
a|g:aots aca|ttec aoce: t|e mcCa::ao-Wa|te:
Act.( 3)
Coeo|t|eo|cest coaaao|st|:oots st||| act|ve
|o t|eLo|tec :tates- Aae:|cao Coaa|ttee |o:
t|e P:otect|oo o| lo:e|go ßo:o - wo:|s cease·
|ess|· to cest:o· t|e |aa|g:at|oo |a::|e:s |·
w||c| t||s oat|oo see|s to µ:otect |tse||, aoc so
co |ea1|og | ||e:a|s |o |ot| µo||t|ca| µa:t|es aoc
| ot|e |||e:a| esta||.s|aeot geoe:a||·. Ceoce:te1
attac| oo t|e mcCa::ao·Wa|te: Act :|ses |o |o·
Page 141
teos|t· w|eo wo:lc eveots µ:ov|ce ¡:etext o:
ase|a| µ:oµagaoca aate:|a|.
Aoa||·oatassaaltvasaace|o||ov|ogt|eHao·
ga:|ao :e|e|l|oo o| lº·´. Da:|og t|e ·ea: lº·´,
:,!· ª, ªª¯ al|eos we:e aca|ttec to t|e Lo|tec
·tat

s.T|eaooaal:eco:cecave:ageo|| aa|g:aots
canogt|el ººc· lºl!µe:|oc ( w|eot|evolaaeo|
|aa|g:at|oo was coos|ce:eca ûooct|cej was less
t|ao ooe a||||oo T|ese |acts we:e |a:ge|· |g·
oo:ec T|:oag| t|e aec|a o| aass coaaao|ca·
t|oo Aae:|caos we:e |oa|a:cec w|t| t|e |cea
t|at Aae:|ca was oot oµeo|og |e: a:as w|ce
eooag| to :ece|ve |:eecoa·|ov|og :e|agees , t|at
wewe:e|e|ogst|og·aoc selas| a|oataca|tt|og
oµµ:essec µeoµ|ew|||et|e:esto|t|ewo:lc, |ess
a||e to |e|µ, was |e|og geoe:oas , aoc t|at we
s|oa|c, t|e:eio:e, :eaoveoa: oat|ooa| s|aae |·
t|:ow|ogoµeot|ecoo:s
Cojaoaa:·: l , lº·¯, ag:oaµo||||e:a|Deao·
c:ats |ot|eHoaseµ:oµosecaajo: :ev|s|ooo|t|e
mcCa::ao· Wa|te: Act
Co jaoaa:· ª l , lº·¯, P:es|ceot £|seo|owe:
as|ec Coog:ess |o: l||e:a||z|og :ev|s|oos o| t|e
mcCa::ao·Wa|te:Act T|e£|seo|owe: µ:oµosals
( oeve:eoactecj we:eesseot|a||·t|esaaeast|ose
aace |· |||e:a| Deaoc:ats teo ca·s |e|o:e -
a|oat t|e saae as t|ose aace |· P:es|ceot Keo·
oec·|o lº´ª, aoct|oseoow|e|ogaace|·P:es·
|ceot jo|osoo
Danger Ahead
P :es|ceot jo|osoo cla|as ooe µa:µose o| ||s
|||| |s to |:|og |o ¨|aa|g:aots w|o |ave oat·
staoc|og aoc so:e|· oeecec ta|eots aoc s||||s ¨
Yet, ||s |||l woalc coa|le qaotas |:oa sac|
coaot:|es as Taoz|a, ma|aw|, aoc \eaeo W|at
ta|eots aoc s||||s co ve so:e|· oeec |:oa sac|
µlaces ? `'
T|eP:es|ceotaa|esaoeaot|ooala¡µeala|oat
¨t|oasaocs o| oa: c|t|zeos . . . oeec|ess|· seµa·
:atec |:oa t|e|: . . . c|ose :e|at|ves ¨ Loce: ex·
ceptions specifed in present law, alien close rela­
t|ves o| Aae:|cao c|t|zeos coa|c eote: as p:e-
|e::ec qaota o: as ooo·qaota |aa|g:aots ÷ | |
t|e·coalcµasstests|oteocecto exc|ace |oc|v|c·
aa| aoces|:a||es, sac| as ao:oos c:|a|oals |l· , ,
| |te:ates, cegeoe:ates, coaaao|sts, aoc so oo.( 3)
Io ao a:t|c|e µa|l. s|ec le|:aa:· !, l º´·, |·
t|e Washington Evening Star, jeo||o L|o·c
jooessa| c
"Why should the United States be the only
advanced nation in the world to develop a guilt
complex over selective immigration? Every other
country that is attractive to immigrants selects
baldly and without apology.
"Trinidad is in the British Commonwealth.
Yet under a new British law, Trinidad is closely
restricted. But Johnson'S proposed bill would
make Trinidad quota-free.
"The President has decried our present strin­
gent quotas for Asiatic immigrants. Australia
has no quota at all. It simply excludes anyone
of non-European ancestry. And the Japanese gov­
ernment discourages immigration from any
country. A spokesman for the Japanese embassy
in Washington this month stated simply that the
Japanese are of one race and proud of it.
"Although any person may apply for immi­
gration to Israel, that government frankly seeks
only an 'ingathering of the Jews.' Last year a
Jew who became a Catholic was denied citizen­
ship by an Israeli court . . . .
"Is the President really going to try to satisfy
. . . anxious-to-leave home people [ of all nations
on earth] in the interest of the success of our
f · l ' ' orelgn po le. . • B
"Well, it's our country, too, and when we start
writing immigration laws to suit the hungry
camel drivers of Upper Malaria, old man history
will bust his buttons laughing."
1xceµt|oos |o: ooo·qaota |aa|g:aots w:|tteo
|oto t|e µ:eseot mcCa::ao·Wa|te: Act, aoc spe·
c|a|:e|agee|eg|s|at|ooeoactec s|oce t|e Actwas
µassec, |eave µ:eseot |aa|g:at|oo laws |a: |:oa
aceqaate to p:otect oa: oat|oo.
Caotas |:oa oo:c|c coaot:|es a:e oot ûllec,
w|||eoooqaota |aa|g:aots coot|oae to µoa: |o.
Quota |aa|g:aotstota|ecº!º, ªª! |ot|eteo··ea:
period eodiog jaoe ªc. lº´! w|| |e ooo·qaota
|aa|g:aots tota|ec l ,¯¯!, ª´¯. T|e ta||e |elow
Page 142
listsa few o|t|eoat|oos w||c| aooaa||·seoc as
ao:e |aa|g:aots t|ao a:e a||owec aoce: t|e|:
qaotas.
Country
China (and
"Chinese persons")
Greece
Indonesia
Italy
Japan
Korea
Quota Immigrants
Allowed, 1954-1964
2
050
3
050
1000
5
6
,
66
0
1
8
50
1000
Immigrants
Admitted,
1954-1964
76
,
2
90
26
,
66
0
1
6
,5
7
0
15
6
,
8
50
4
8
,
87
0
12
,500
Philippines 1000 22
,
8
10
Portugal 4
38
0
27
,
36
0
Spain 2
500 1
2
,
6
40
(10)
mo:e ||a: :c
%
o|a|| | aa.g:a:ts 1a:|ogt|e
µast te: .ea:s |ave |eeo µe:soos w|t|oat occa·
µat|oo( 11) T|e oew |eg|s|at|oo ceaaocec |·
P:es|1e:t jo|osoo ( t|e Ce||e:·Ha:t ||||s - Hk
. ·sc |o t|e Hoase, : ·cc |o t|e :e:atej woa|c
aca|t oew |o:ces to swe|| t|e :o|es o| aoea·
µ|o·ec aoc aoeaµ|o·a||es, o|we||a:e :ec|µ|eots,
ao1 o|c:|a|oa| ce||oqaeots- ao1 to aagaaeot
t|e vo|aae o| :ac|a| aoc soc|a| ag|tat|oo
Ca: soc|et· coa|c |e sa|ae:gec aoce: ao |o·
c|sc:|a|oate ûooc o| |aa|g:aots. T||s |s w|at
|as|aµµeoec |o t|e µast to a|| µ:os¡e:oas soc|e·
t|esw|eot|egateswe:e|e|toµeotoµeo¡|ew|o
|acoot |e|µec |a||c, ao1 coa|c :ot ao1e:staoc,
t|e c|v|||zat|oos t|e. too| ove:.
( 12)
Iostea1 o| | ||e:a||z|og oa: |aa|g:at|oo |aws,
we s|oa|1 c:ast|ca||· t|g|teo aoc st:|ct|. eo|o:ce
t|ea.
FOOTNOTES
( 1 ) "Text of the President's Proposals to Liberalize Immigration
Statutes," The New York Times, July 24, 1963, · p. 1 2
( 2 ) Congl'essional Qual'terly Weekly Report, January 1 5, 1965,
pp. 79-80, 64
( 3 ) Ame" ican Immig"ation Policies: A History, by Marion T.
Bennett, Public Affairs Press, Washington, D. c., 1963, 362 pp.
(4) In 1 790 (when most negroes in the U. S. were slaves ) , 19%
of the total population were negroes; 1 3%, in 1880 ( 1 5 years
after slaves had been freed) ; 9. 5%, in 1930; 9. 9%, in 1950;
1 0. 5%, i n 1960. In the decade of the 1950's, when there was
little negro immigration into the U. S., our negro population
increased 25. 4%. In the same decade (when approximately
3,000,000 new immigrants were added to the white population) ,
the total increase in white population was 17. 5%.
( 5 ) Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to
1957, U. S. Bureau of the Census, 1960, pp. 7- 1 6
( 6) Percentages based on computation of U. S. birth rate, im­
migration data, and U. S. Census data.
( 7)
IMMIGRATION TO U. S. A.
REGION 1 820- 1880 1 88 1- 1964 TOTAL
Norther & Western
Europe 8,718, 275 1 1,621 ,986 20,340, 261
Belgium 23,81 7 171, 027 194,844
Denmark 54,405 301,007 35 5,41 2
France 3 1 6, 255 389, 331 705, 586
Germany 3,052, 126 3,870,472 6,922, 598
Great Britain 1 ,949, 256 2,72 1, 357 4,670,61 3
England 962, 648 2,018, 537 2,981 , 1 85
Scotland 174, 223 623, 819 798,042
Wales 18,879 74,330 93,209
Unspecified 793, 506 4,671 798, 177
Ireland 2, 829, 206 1, 868, 326 4,697, 532
Luxembourg 2, 287 2, 287
Netherlands 47, 222 309,400 356, 622
Norway & Sweden 356,676 1,746, 333 2, 103,009
Switzerland 89,31 2 242,446 331,758
WHO I S D A N S MO O T ?
Born in Missouri, reared in Texas, Dan Smoot went to SMU getting BA and M degrees, 1938
and 19
4
0. In
19
4
1 , he j oined the faculty at Harvard as a Teaching Fellow, doing graduate work for a doctorate in American civili­
zation. From 19
4
2 to 1951 , he was an FBI agent: three and a half years on communist investigations; two yers on
FBI headquarters staf; almost four yers on general FBI cases in various places. He resigned from the FBI and,
from 1951 to 1955, was commentator on national radio and television programs, giving both sides of controversial
issues. In July, 1955, he started his present proft-supported, free-enterprise business : publishing The Dan Smoot
Report, a weekly magazine available by subscription; and producing a weekly news-analysis radio and television
broadcast, available for sponsorship by reputable business frms, as an advertising vehicle. The Report and broadcst
give OWC side of imprtant issues: the side that presents documented truth using the American Constitution as a yard­
stick. If you think Smoot's materials are efective against socialism and communism, you can help immensely-help get
subribers for the Report, commercial sponsors for the brodcast.
Page 14
3
Southern & Eastern
Europe 270, 5 5 1
Albania
Austria-Hungary 80,769
Bulgaria
Czechoslovakia
Estonia
Finland
Greece 398
Italy
81 , 277
Latvia
Lithuania
Poland 1 6, 656
Portugal 19, 354
Rumania 1 1
Russia 43, 170
Spain 28, 2 1 1
Turkey 705
Yugoslavia
Africa 1 , 006
Asia 2 30,053
Canada 654, 660
Latin America 98, 555
Central America 1 , 220
Mexico 2 5 , 1 19
1 5,2 3 1 , 1 3 1
3, 885
4,280,471
68,989
149,065
1 3,806
29,009
532, 033
5, 01 0, 910
43, 736
36,689
60 1,403
280, 205
1 76, 052
3, 345, 740
1 65, 1 25
368,417
1 25, 596
56, 183
783, 757
3,094, 1 56
2, 430, 385
1 5 3,81 3
1 , 301 ,261
1 5, 501,682
3, 885
4, 361, 240
68,989
149,065
1 3,806
29,009
532,431
5, 092, 187
43, 736
36,689
618, 059
299, 559
176,063
3, 388, 910
193, 336
369, 1 22
1 2 5, 596
57, 189
1, 01 3, 810
3, 748, 81 6
2, 528,940
1 5 5, 033
1 , 326,380
South America 8, 726
West Indies 63,490
Australia-New Zealand 9, 922
330,440
644,867
76, 375
339, 1 70
708, 357
86,297
Sources : The Encyclopedia Americana, 1961 Edition, Volume
27, pp. 336-41 ; American Immigration Policies : A History, by
Marion T. Bennett, Public Affairs Press, Washington, D. c.,
1963, pp. 333-6, 338; Annual Report of the Immigration and
Naturalization Service, 1964, Department of Justice, 1964, pp.
42-7; compiled to include displaced persons and refugees ad­
mi tted since June 25, 1948, but not included as i mmigrants
on official data.
( 8 ) The McCarran-Walter Act provided for the addition to quotas
of new nations as they came into existence. The present, 1965,
quota i s 1 58, 361 immigrants.
( 9) "It's Our Country; Let's Keep It," by Jenkin Lloyd Jones,
The E11ening Star, Washington, D. c., February 4, 1965
( 1 0) "Some Insights on Immigration," text of speech by U. S. Rep­
resentative Michael A. Feighan ( Dem. , Ohio) , to the American
Coalition of Patriotic Societies, Mayflower Hotel, Washington,
D. c., February 4, 1965, 12 pp.
( 1 1 ) Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1964, U. S. Bureau
of the Census, 1964, p. 95
( 1 2 ) For additional information on the effects of i mmigration, see
the newly published book Im/alion Alen, by Mary Barclay Erb.
This book i s availabl e from the American Committee on Im­
migration Policies, Suite 225, The Dodge House, 20 E Street,
N. W. , Washington, D. c. ; Price: $ 1 . 50.
For pnces on single and multiple copies of this Report, see bottom of the frst page. How many
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THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, BOX 95 38, DALLAS, TEXAS 75214 TAYLOR 1-2303
Page 14
·
ÏMË
1�1 Smoot lepo/'
Vol. I I , No. 1 9 (Broadcast 507) May 1 0, 1 965 Dallas, Texas
DAN SMOOT
VOTI NG RI GHTS BI L L
J|e C|v|| k|g|ts Act o| lº·¯ esta|||s|ec ext:ao:c|oa:·, aocoost|tat|ooa| µ:oceca:es to µ:e·
veotceo|a| o| t|e :|g|ttovote |ecaase o|:ace, |at :ac|a| ag|tato:s ve:e oot sat|s||e1 T|e· ce·
aaoce1, aocgot, t|e C|v||k|g|ts Act o| l º´c, v||c| µ:ov|cec eveo ao:e aocoost|tat|ooa| µ:o·
ceca:es |o: µ:otect|oo o| oeg:o vot|og :|g|ts T|e ag|tato:s ceaao1ec st|| | ao:e
T|edirect c|a|o o|eveots w||c| |e1 to t|e C|v||k|g|ts Act o| lº´! |egao oo Aµ:|| ª, l º´ª,
w|eooeg:oes | oß|:a|og|aa sta:tec a se:|es o| o:ce:|· µ:otests aga|ost seg:egat|oo µ:act|ces |o
t|e c|t· ma:t|o Lat|e: K|og sooo a::|ve1, ao1t|eceaoost:at|oos|ecaaeaass|veaocao:a|.( 1)
T|ea:st |a:ge·sca|e a::ests o| ceaoost:ato:s ( |o: v|o|at|og ß|:a|og|aa c|t· o:1|oaoces j we:e
aace oo Aµ:|| ´, l º´ª ¨ Co Aµ:|| l ., ma:t|o Lat|e: K|og vas a::estec |o: v|o|at|oo o| state
coa:t o:ce:s.(2)
K|og :eaa|oe1 |o j a|| e|g|t ca·s |e|o:e µost|og |ooc, t|oag| |e coa|1 |ave
· |eeo :e|easec oo |ooc v|t|oat go|og to j a| |.
´
A|te: K|og aµµea:ec oo t|esceoe, aµµ:ox|aate|·ª´cß|:a|og|aaµo| |ceaeoao1A|a|aaastate
t:ooµe:s we:e :eqa|:ec to aa|ota|o o:ce: aoc µ:otect t|e ||ves aoc µ:oµe:t. o| ß| :a|og|aa
c|t|zeos Po||ce, as|og cogs oo |eas|es aoc ot|e: cooveot|ooa||aw·eo|o:ceaeottec|o|qaes,c|c.eo·
aaose:v|ce,ootoo|·|oµ:otect|ogt|ecoaaao|t·, |at a|so |o µ:otect|og t|e 1eaoost:ato:s |:oa
oat:age1 |oca| c|t|zeos.
T|e |e|tv|og µ:ess ao1 |:oaccast oetwo:|s aago|||e1 ao1 1|sto:te1 t|e ß|:a|og|aa µ|cta:e
aot|| |t|oo|ec |||e a |o::|c aoost:os|t·. T|e eot|:evo:|cvas1:eoc|ecv|t| |a|se ¨oevs¨ a|oat
|:ata| t:eataeot o||oooceotoeg:oes t:·|og to aa|e µeace|a| µ:otest aga|ost v|o|at|oo o| t|e|:
|aaao :|g|ts T|:oag|oat t|e oat|oo, µeoµ|e we:e|o||aaec|·ag|·aot:at|sa|oatß|:a|og|aa
T|e ||g|est o|||c|a|s o| gove:oaeot accec |ae| to t|e ||aaes
Co Aµ:| | l ·, l º´ª, P:es|ceot jo|o l. Keooec·vacat|oo|og |o l|o:|casaaaooec t|e µ:ess
to|ett|evo:|1|oov|e|a1ca||e1m:s ma:t|o Lat|e: K|og to coaase:ate v|t| |e: a|oat t|e
|aµ:|sooaeot o||e: |as|aoc L : Atto:oe· Geoe:a| ko|e:t l Keooec· a|so aace a w|1e|·
THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, a magazine published every week by The Dan Smoot Report, Inc., mail­
ing address P. O. Box 9538, Lakewood Station, Dallas, Texas 7521 4; Telephone TAylor 1 -2303 (office
address 6441 Gaston Avenue) . Subscription rates: $1 0.00 a year, $6.00 for G months, $18.00 for two years.
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Add 2% sales tax on all orders originating in Texas for Texas delivery.
Copyright by Dan Smoot, 1965. Second class mail privilege authorized at Dallas, Texas.
No Reproductions Permitted.
Page 145
pa|||c|zec te|ep|ooe ca|| to m:s. K|og. m:s.
K|og sa|c t|at t|e Keooec·s |ac p:oa|sec to
co eve:·t||og µoss|||e to |e|p |e: |as|aoc, t|at
t|e· |ac seot lßI ageots to t|e j a.| to aa|e
sa:e D:. K|og was a|| :|g|t , t|at oo|· t|:oag|
pe:sooa| |ote:veot|oo oi P:es|ceot Keooec· vas
s|e a||e to te|ep|ooe |e: |as|aoc at t|e j a||.
Co Aµ:|| : ª, l º´ª, W||||aa 1. moo:e (a va·
cat|oo|ogßa|t|ao:ePostCaceaa||ca::|e:,aea·
|e: oi t|e Aae:|cao C|v|| L||e:t|es Lo|oo w|o
|ac |eeoa pat|eot |o a aeota| |ost|ta:|oo io: :·
aoot|s j was s|otto ceat|ooa ||g|wa· |oA|a·
|aaa, w|||e wa|||og a|ooe oo a ¨pe:sooa| |ote·
g:at|oo aa:c|. ¨''
Co Ap:|| :· , L :. Atto:oe· Geoe:a| ko|e:t
l. Keooec· ca||ec ooA|a|aaaGove:oo:Geo:ge
C. Wa||ace |omootgoae:·to c|scass |oteg:at|oo
|o A|a|aaa sc|oo|s. The N ew York Times :e·
po:tect|atKeooec·was ¨s|a|eo¨ |·t|eexµe:|·
eoce aoc qaotec Keooec· as sa·|og t|e :oat|
¨| s|||e a io:e|go coaot:·. ¨ '
Co Aµ:|| :´, ma:t|o Lat|e: K|og aoc teo
ot|e:s ve:e seoteocec to i|ve ca·s |o j a| | aoc
i|oec s·c. cc eac| io: cei·|og coa:t |oj aoct|oos
aga|ost :ac|a| ceaoost:at|oos.·'
Coma·:, lº´ª, |a:geg:oaµsoioeg:oes ( aost·
|· c|||c:eoj stagec µ:otest aa:c|es. :eveo |ao·
c:ec pe:soos we:e a::estec. Coe aca|t oeg:o
|eace: sa|c t|e ceaoost:at|oos woa|c coot|oae
¨aot|| we:aooatoic|||c:eo. ¨ ·'
Co ma· ª, po||ce |ac to ase a:e |oses to
coot:o| ao:a|· ceaoost:at|og ao|s. ·'
Co ma· !, t|e jast|ce Deµa:taeot seot �

·
s|staot Atto:oe· Geoe:a| ßa:|e ma:s|a|| ( c.v

|
:|g|ts c||eij to ß|:a|og|aa to eocoa:age �.
:ac|a|c|scass|oos|etweeooeg:o|eace:saocw|:te
|as|oessaeo.·' A|oat t|e saae t|ae, l º :a|||s
i:oaoo:t|e:ostatesa::|vectoj o|ooeg:o ceaoo·
st:at|oos.
Co ma· 8, t|e ||:ac|a| oegot|ato:s aoooaocec
ao ag:eeaeot io: µa:t|a| ceseg:egat|oo, |at oo
peaceio||owec,|ecaasema:t|oLat|e: K|ogwas
aga|oa::este1 to:|ea1|og aa:c|es |oce(+oceo|
coa:t o:ce:s.(1)
Coma·º,ceaoost:ato:s|oß|:a|og|aaas|ec
t|eLo|tecNat|oosto|ote:veoe. :eoato:jaco|K.
jav|ts ( New \o:| keµa|| |caoj ceaaocec t|at
P:es|ceotKeooec· ase a|| ava||a||e :esoa:ces to
ag|t io: c|v| | :|g|ts |o ß|:a|og|aa.(8)
Coma· lc, t|e ||:ac|a|g:oaµ aoooaocec ao·
ot|e: ceseg:egat|oo ag:eeaeot. T|e ß|:a|og|aa
c|t· gove:oaeot :eiasec to :ecogo|ze t|e ag:ee·
aeot. `'
Co ma· l l , t|e ß|:a|og|aa Po||ce Coaa|s·
s|ooe: ( Lageoe Coooo: j a:gec w||te c|t|zeos to
|o·cottae:c|aotsw|o |acag:eectoceseg:egate.
T|at o|g|t, seve:a| |a||c|ogs ( |ot| oeg:o aoc
w||tej we:e |oa|ec. Neg:oes :|otec. :eve:a|
w||tes we:e c:aggec |:oa t|e|: ca:s aoc |eateo.
Apo||ceaaowas |o|iec( 9)
Co ma· 1 2 , 1963, P:es|ceot Keooec· sa|c |e
|ac p:eµa:ec ao £xecat|ve C:ce: to iece:a||ze
t|e A|a|aaa Nat|ooa| Gaa:c, aoc t|at iece:a|
a|||ta:·ao|tssµec|a||z|og|o:|otcoot:o||ac|eeo
a|e:tec io: se:v|ce |o ß|:a|og|aa.
Co ma· l ª, t|e P:es|ceot wa:oec Gove:oo:
Wa||ace t|at iece:a| t:ooµs voa|c |e seot to
sapp:esscoaest|cv|o|eoce|oß|:a|og|aa,| ioec·
essa:· Gove:oo: Wa||ace :eµ||ec t|at P:es|ceot
Keooec· a|:eac· |ac iece:a| t:ooµs |o ß.:a|og·
|aato eoio:ce, oota |aw, |ata ¨wo:t||essag:ee·
aeot aace |· a so·ca||ec ||:ac|a| coaa|ttee.¨
Keooec· aca|o|st:at|oo sµo|esaeo aca|ttect|at
iece:a| a|||ta:·coaaaocµostµe:soooe|we:e |o
ß|:a|og|aa, |at sa|c t|e· aaoaotec to oo|· a
¨|aocia|oiaeo. ¨ `'
Coma· l º, Gove:oo: Wa||ace sa|c A|a|aaa
was as||og t|e L. :. :ap:eae Coa:t to µ:o||||t
t|e ase oi iece:a| t:oops. T|e coa:t :eiasec to
|ea: t|e sa|t.
(10)
Coma· :c, t|eß|:a|og|aa ßoa:coi£caca-
t|ooexpe||eclcºloeg:ostaceotsw|o,|oceaaoce
oi aca|o|st:at|ve :ega|at|oos, |ac |eit sc|oo| to
µa:t|c|pate|opa|||cceaoost:at|oos aoc|ac|eeo
a::estec.
(10)
Coma·::, C|a:eoceW. A||gooc, iece:a|c|s·
t:|ct j acge, :e|asec to |ote:ie:e w|t| t|e sc|oo|
|oa:c s o:ce:, |at, oo t|e saae ca·, Ll|e:t K.
Page 146
Ta|||e, c||e| j acge o| ||e l| ||| L · C. :ca.|
Coa:| o| Aµµea|s, o:ce:ec ||e sc|oo| |oa:c |o
:eaca||||eexµe||ecoeg:o s|aceo|s.
(10)
Co )aoe lº, P:es|ceo| Keooec· sa|a|||ec a
sµec|a| aessage |o Coog:ess, µ:oµos|og ||e C|v||
k|g||sAc|o|l º:ª. Cojaoe: l , L· keµ:eseo|a·
|.ve Acaa C|av|oo Powe|| ( Ha:|ea Deaoc:a|,
µa|||c|·|oas|ec ||a| |ew:o|e aajo: µo:||oos o|
P:es|ceo| Keooec·'s aessage.
(11)
Io ·eµ|ea|e:, l º:ª, Gove:oo: Wa||ace |:|ec
|os|oµ|ece:a||··eo|o:cec ceseg:ega||ooo|µa|||c
sc|oo|s |o ß|:a|og|aa, Tas|egee, mo|||e, aoc
Hao|sv|||e. Co ·eµ|ea|e: l c, P:es|ceo|Keooec·
|ece:a||zec||eA|a|aaa Na||ooa| Gaa:c, |o:c|og
||e Gove:oo: |o s|aoc as|ce aoc µe:a|| |o|eg:a·
||oo w||c| v|o|a|ec A|a|aaas Coos|||a||oo aoc
|aws.
(10)
V|o|eoce sooo |o||owec. Co ·eµ|ea|e: l · ,
l º:ª, |oa:oeg:o g|:|s we:e || ||ecw|eo a ß|:a·
|og|aa oeg:o c|a:c| was |oa|ec La|e: ||a|
saae ca·, µo||ce|:·|og |o coo|:o| a ao| o|
ceaoos|:a|o:s w|owe:e ||:ow|og :oc|s aoc eo·
gag|og|oo||e: ac|s o| v|o|eoces|o| aoc ||||ec
a oeg:o |o·.
(10)
ß· aa|aao, l º:ª, ||e µa|||c was ||o:oag||·
oa|:agec |·coo||oaec:ac|a|v|o|eoce. Cµµos|||oo
|o oew |:oo||e: µ:og:aas |ac |a:ceoec ao|||
P:es|ceo| Keooec·s |eg|s|a||ve µ:oµosa|s we:e
|oµe|ess|· |oggec cowo |o Coog:ess H|s µ:o·
µosec C|v|| k|g||s Ac| o| lº:ª oeve:go| oa| o|
coaa|||ee.
l|veca·sa||e:Keooec·wasassass|oa|ec,P:es|·
ceo|)o|osoo,ooNovea|e::¯, lº:ª,a:gecCoo·
g:ess |o µass ||eC|v|| k|g||s Ac| as a |:||a|e |o
||e |a|e P:es|ceo|
Io lº:!, Coog:ess ( |· s|aocs o| :ª |o :¯ |o
||e ·eoa|e, :º! |o l ª l |o||eHoasej µassec||e
C|v|| k|g||s Ac| o| l º:! P:es|ceo| )o|osoo
s|goec || oo ja|· :.
T|eC|v||k|g||sAc|o|lº:! (oea:|·|ceo||ca|
w||| ||e Keooec· µ:oµosa|s o| l º:ª j oa||awec
o:a||||e:ac·|es|s|o:vo|e:qaa||||ca||oo,oa||awec
written literacy tests for anyone with a sixth grade
o: ||g|e: ecaca||oo, aoc µ:ov|cec seve:a| ao·
coos|||a||ooa|aeasa:es|o:exµec| ||ogaocg|viog
µ:e|e:eo||a| |:ea|aeo| |o vo||og·:|g||s ||||ga||oo.
Back To The Streets
Na:||o La||e: K|og µe:µe|aa||· ag||a|es |o:
ao:ec|v||:.g||s|aws, |a|coos|ce:s||ase||a|ove
a|| |aw. He |as µa|||c|· s|a|ec ||a| |e aoc ||s
|o||owe:sw|| | o|e·|awsaoccoa:|o:ce:s|ecoo·
s|ce:s gooc, |a| w||| c|so|e· ||ose |e coos|ce:s
|ac.(12) K|ogs ¨ooo·v|o|eo|¨ ag||a||oo |:|gge:ec
v|o|eoce w||c| |:oag|| cea|| |o ||ve c|||c:eo
aoc ooe aca|| |o A|a|aaa ca:|og l º:ª. H|s a|-
| egec o|j ec||ve was µassage o| ||e C|v|| k|g||s
Ac|o| lº:+ |o |a|e||ec|v|| :|g||s s|:agg|e ¨oa|
o|||es|:ee|s aoc|o|o||ecoa:|s ¨ A||e:||e|aw
was µassec, K|og |oo| ||e ag|| |ac| |o|o ||e
s|:ee|s
(
1
8
)
Co )aoaa:· : , l º:·, K|og aoooaocec ||a| ||s
·oa||e:o C|:|s||ao Leace:s||µ Coo|e:eoce ( ·C
LCj woa|c j o|o ||e ·|aceo| Noov|o|eo| Coo:c|·
oa||ogCoac|||ee (·NCCj |o coocac||og vo|e:·
:eg|s|:a||ooceaoos|:a||oos|o·e|aa, A|a|aaa.·'·
T|e Loa|s|aoa )o|o| Leg|s|a||ve Coaa|||ee |as
:eµo:|ec||a|K|ogs·CLC|s¨sa|s|ao||a||·aoce:
coo|:o|o|||ecoaaao|s|µa:|·,¨ aoc||a|·NCC
|s ¨sa|s|ao||a||· aoce: ||e |oûaeoce o| ||e coa·
aao|s|µa:|·.¨(15)
Co)aoaa:· l · , lº:·, ||e L ·. Deµa:|aeo|oi
jas||ce a|ecsa|| ( aoce: ||e C|v||k|g||s Ac| o|
l º:!j aga|os| A|a|aaa, c|a|a|og ||e ·|a|e s |||·
e:ac· |es| |o: vo|e:s c|sc:|a|oa|es aga|os| oe·
g:oes( 13) K|og woa|c oo| wa|| |o: ||e |aw |o
oµe:a|e A|oa| ||e ||ae ||e sa|| was a|ec |o
Was||og|oo, K|og |ac |e||e:s µ:|o|ec aoc µ:e·
µa:ec |o: aa|| |og, µ|eac|og |o: |e|µ aoc s·a·
µa||·, s|ow|og ||s acc:ess as ||e coao|· j a|| |o
·e|aa. T|e |e||e:s we:e ca|ec le|:aa:· l ||e
ca·K|og |os|s|ecoo |e|oga::es|ec|o·e|aa |o:
ceaao| v|o|a||oo o| |oca| |aw.
(16,11)
K|og c|ose|o s|a· |oj a| | ave ca·s. W|||e|e
was|oj a||,a|ece:a|coa:||aoceccowoaoo:ce:
|oaccoapl|s|aoo|j ec||vew||c|K|og |ac |eeo
µ:oc|a|a|ogasthe o|j ec||veo|||sceaoos|:a||oos
Page 147
:o ·e|aa. lece:a| jacge Dao|e| H T|oaas,
oo le|:aa:· !, lº´·, o:ce:ec :eg|st:a:s to
|oc:ease vote: :eg|st:at|oo |o ·e|aa |· ja|· l ,
wa:o|ogt|at ||:eg|st:at|oo was oot sat|s|acto:||·
|oc:easec, t|e coa:t (aoce: t|e C|v|| k|g|ts Act
o| l º´!, woa|c aµµo|ot |ece:a| vot|og :e|·
e:ees·'' T|e oext ca· ( le|:aa:· · , , K|og was
:e|easec |:oa j a||, aoc aace |t qa|te c|ea: |e
woa|c oot awa|t :esa|ts o|t|e coa:t o:ce:
K|og sa|c ||s ceaoost:at|oos woa|c coot|oae
ao|esst|e·e|aa|oa:co|:eg|st:at|oosta·ecoµeo
eve:· ca· aot|| a|| oeg:oes w|o w|s|ec to vote
we:e :eg|ste:ec He c|c oot sa· t|at a|| oeg:oes
aeet|og|ega|:eqa|:eaeotsaast|e:eg|ste:ec.He
ceaaocec :eg|st:at|oo o| a|| w|o wanted to |e
:eg|ste:ec K|ogsa|c |ew|||oot stoµ aot||t|e:e
a:e eooag| oeg:o vote:s to ¨µa:ge A|a|aaa o|
a|| Coog:essaeo w|o |ave stooc |o t|e wa· o|
oeg:oes. '

·''
jo|oLew|s, c|a|:aaoo|·NCC, aace t|e |o|·
| ow|og :eaa:|s ca:|og a sµeec| at ·e|aa, |o
le|:aa:·, iº´·
"It matters not wheth�r it is in Angola, Mo­
zambique, Southwest Africa, or Mississippi, Ala­
bama, Georgia, Harlem, United States of Amer­
ica. The struggle is one and the same. Call it what
you may . . . . It is a struggle against a vicious
and evil system that is controlled and kept in
order for many by a few white men throughout
the world. We are struggling against the same
powers . . . .
"I think we all recognize the fact that if any
radical, social, economic, and political changes
are to take place in our society, the masses must
be organized to bring them about . . . .
"SNCC is one of many forces at work in our
society for certain basic changes . . . . SNCC is
the shot in the arm of a sick society. We are
the birth pains of the body politic . a . .
"Our job is to help educate, help prepare
people for poli�ical action. Our j ob is to organize
the unorganiz
e
d into a vital force for radical,
social, economic and political change . . 4 . "( 19)
W|eo:e|easec|:oaj a|||o·e|aaoole|:aa:·
:, i oc:, ma:t|o Lat|e: K|og aoooaocec t|at |e
woa|c as| I:es|ceot jo|osoo |o: ao:e vot|og
t|g|ts |eg|s|at|oo. He c|c oot sa· |e woa|c try
to see t|e P:es|ceot He |a|c|· statec t|at |e
woa|cseet|eP:es|ceoto|t|eLo|tec·tates loa:
ca·s |ate: ( le|:aa:·º , K|ogaetw|t| P:es|ceot
jo|osoo, V|ce P:es|ceot Ha|e:t H Haaµ|:e·,
aocL.·Atto:oe·Geoe:a|N|c|o|asceßKatzeo·
|ac| K|ogto|ct|eaw|at|ewaotec |ot|ewa·
o|a vot|og:|g|ts||||. P:es|ceotjo|osoo assa:ec
K|ogt|att|e |||| woa|csooo|e:eac·.
(20)
Cole|:aa:· lº, lº´·, astatet:ooµe: (oocat·
at a ceaoost:at|oo |o ma:|oo, A|a|aaa, s|ot a
:´-·ea:·o|coeg:o aaow|o c|ec e|g|t ca·s |ate:.
T|et:ooµe:c|a|aec|eactec|ose||·ce|eose,a|te:
t|e oeg:o |ac t|:eateoec ||a( 19) ma:t|o Lat|e:
K|og,w|t|aaµ|eµ:ess ass|staoce, aaceaaa:t·:
o| t|e ceac aao.
Co ma:c| 7, lº´·, c|v|| :|g|ts ag|tato:s at·
teaµtec to |eac ceaoost:ato:s |:oa ·e|aa to
mootgoae:·, |o ceiaoce o| Gove:oo: Wa||aces
o:ce:s. T|eGove:oo:|ac|o:||cceosac| ao|aw-
|a| µ:eeaµt|oo o|ooe o|t|e ·tate s aajo: ||g|·
wa·s, |· ao|s w||c| a|g|t |o|t|ate o: |oc|te
v|o|eoceaocot|e:|aw|essc|so:ce: ·tatet:ooµe:s
aoc µo||ce ta:oec t|e aa:c|e:s |ac| at t|e oat·
s||:ts o| ·e|aa, as|og |o:ce oecessa:· to coot:o|
sac| a ao|. L||e:a| oews aec|a µo:t:a·ec t|e
|oc|ceot as a c|sg:ace|a|o:g·o| µo||ce |:ata||t·
aga|ost |oooceot µeoµ|e. (19)
Coma:c| º, l º´· , lece:a| jacge l:ao| jo|o·
soo|ssaeca:est:a|o|ogo:ce:,µ:o||||t|ogceaoo·
st:ato:s |:oa aa||og t|e ·e|aa·to·mootgoae:·
aa:c| aot|| j ac|c|a| aoc|ogs coa|c |e aace
ma:t|o Lat|e: K|og ceûec t|e coa:t o:ce: aoc
sta:tect|eaa:c|.Heaoc||sc:owcta:oec|ac|
w|t|oat v|o|eoce w|eo aet |· |aw eo|o:ceaeot
omce:s Caest|ooeca|oat||sceaaoceo|t|e|ec·
e:a| coa:t o:ce:, K|ogsa| c.
"Possibly I can be held i n contempt, and others
too. The j udge'S order was an unjust injunction
. . . . As a matter of conscience, the march will
continue. " (19)
K|ogwasootc|a:gec o:a::estec|o:v|o|at|og
t|e |ece:a| coa:to:ce:.
Coma:c|º, l º´·, t|ekeve:eocjaaesjkee|
o| ßostoo, massac|asetts (w|o |ac gooe to
·e|aa to µa:t|c|µate |o ceaoost:at|oos, , was
Pa 148
|eateo |· w||tes as |e |e|t a |ee: tave:o |o
:e|aa · He c|ec two ca·s |ate: |o a ß|:a|og-
|aa |osµ|ta|.
Coma:c| l · , lº:·, aao| ( coaµosec |a:ge|·
o|oat·o|·stateag|tato:s j stageca ta:|a|eot cea

eost:at|oo |o mootgoae:·. T|e c:owc seeaec to
|ave oo µa:µose o: |eace:s||µ, t|oag| soae
s|oatec t|att|e· we:e ceaoost:at|og aga|ost :a·
c|a|µ:ejac|ce.Ioooest:eett|e·||oc|ec aoeae:·
geoc· aa|a|aoce Po||ce we:e aoa||e to c|sµe:se
t|e ao|, o: eveo to c|ea: a µat| |o: t|e aa·
|a|aoce T|e :|e:|a o| mootgoae:· Coaot·
|:oag|t|oaoaotecceµat|es, w|owe:eassaa|tec
|· ceaoost:ato:s as|og |:|c|s, :oc|s, |o|ves, aoc
ot|e: o|j ects T|e :|e:|a aoc seve:a| ceµat|es
we:e |oja:ec aoc e|g|t|o:ses s|as|ec |e|o:e t|e
ao| was scatte:ec aoct|e eae:geoc· aa|a|aoce
:e|easectocoot|oae|tsa|ss|oo.( 19)
T|at o|g|t ma:c| i · , i º:· P:es|ceot
jo|osoo ca||ec Coog:ess |oto ext:ao:c|oa:· j o|ot
sess|oo aoc ceaaocec t|e vot|og :|g|ts |||l |e
|acµ:oa|secma:t|oLat|e:K|ogT|eP:es|ceot
|acse|ectecaoea:|·eveo|og|oa:w||c||sµ:|ae
te|ev|s|oot|ae, aoc ||s sµeec|was ca::|ec|· a||
oetwo:|s. We shall overcome t|e s|ogao o|
:ac|a|ag|tato:swasa:e|:a|o|ot|eP:es|ceots
sµeec|.
ToCoog:ess, t|eP:es|ceotsa| c
"We have all sworn an oath before God to sup­
port and to defend . . . [ the] Constitution. We
must now act in obedience to that oath."
T|eP:es|ceott|eoceaaocec|eg|s|at|oow||c|
L.:. :eoato:Ha::·l. ß·:c (V|:g|o|aDeaoc:atj
|as co::ect|· c|a:acte:|zec as ¨a v|c|oas ||||, ¨
¨sa|ve:s|ve o| t|e Coost|tat|oo o| t|e Lo|tec
:tatesaoc t|e w|o|es·stea aoce:w||c|we a:e
gove:oec¨ , a ||||w||c| ¨c|ea:|· |ea:s t|estaaµ
o| |·ste:|a¨ , a ||||w|oseµ:ov|s|oos ¨a:e|o|qa|·
toas |o eaect aoc cooteaµt|||e |o ces|go.¨
·.
'
The Pending Bi l l
to ma:ca 17, 1965, President Johnson for­
ua||y sa|u|ttec ||s Vot|og k|g|ts Act o| l º:·.
Itwas|ot:ocacec |ot|e Hoase |·keµ:eseotat|ve
Laaoae| Ce||e: ( New \o:| C|t· Deaoc:atj as
Hk :!cc Co ma:c| i º, |twas |ot:ocacec |ot|e
:eoateas: i · :! |·:eoatemajo:|t·Leace:m||e
maosûe|1 (mootaoaDeaoc:at, , :eoatem|oo:|t·
Leace: Lve:ett mcK|o|e· D|:|seo ( I|||oo|s ke·
µa|||caoj , aoc :. ot|e: :eoato:s.
Heo:·j !a·|o:, |o a s·oc|catec

co|aao, sa|c
"It's astounding, but true, that the communist
party U. S.A. actually planned the Johnson Ad­
ministration's Voting Rights Act of I ºt-. ¯

Toµ:ove ||s asse:t|oo, Ta·|o: qaotec t|e |o|·
|ow|og |:oaaµaaµ||etoat||o|ogt|ecoaaao|st
µa:t·s ¨L|oco|o P:oject,¨ |aaoc|ec |oDecea|e:,
l º·:
"To implement the Lincoln Project, the Com­
munist Party's Central Committee will begin to
dispatch agents to I I Southern states next month
[January, I º-¯] to work with local party leaders
in surveying 20 counties, any one of which might
be ideally suited as a target for disorder early
in i ºt-.
"This survey will continue through iº-¯, the
Central Committee making the choice of 20
counties . . . with the final selection to be made
on the estimated most favorable conditions pre­
vailing in iºt-.
"The legislation which the party will seek from
Congress in iºt- has already been prepared by
its legal staff. It provides for elimination of all
educational requirements, including minimum
literacy tests, as qualifications for voting in Fed­
eral, state and local elections; voids residence
with respect to counties, municipalities and other
political subdivisions within a state, ��� estab­
lishes a system of direct Federal supervlSlon and
control of the local, county, state and Federal
elective process." (
2
4)
J |evot|og :|g|ts ||||woa|caµµl·only to
six southern states w||c||ave||te:ac·teststoce-
te:a|oe vote: qaa||acat|oos ( A|a|aua, Geo:g|a,
Loa|s|aoa, m|ss|ss|µµ|, :oat|Ca:o||oa, V|:g|o|aj ,
a|t|oag| l · ot|e:statesa|so:eqa|:e||te:ac·tests.
Itwoa|ceoa||et|e |ece:a|gove:oaeottocoo|e:
vot|og:|g|ts ooao· ||||te:ate (o:ao:ooj | ot|e
southern states singled out for punishment, though
t|e saae µe:soo coa|c oot qaa|||y to vote | o
Page 149
oo:t|eto aoc weste:o states w|t| ||te:ac· :eqai:e-
aeots
T|e |||| |sa c|sc:|a|oato:·, ex µost iacto |aw
w||c| woa|c µao|s|, |o t|e iata:e, oac|a|s oi
s|xsoat|e:ostates io:soaet||ogw||c|t|eL. :
Atto:oe·Geoe:a|aa·a||eget|atoac|a|s|ot|ose
states c|c |ot|eµast
A:t|c|e l, :ect|oo º, oi t|e Coost|tat|oo µ:o·
||||tsCoog:ess i:oaeoact|ogexµostiacto |aws
A:t|c|e l, :ect|oo :, oi t|e Coost|tat|oo |eaves
w|t|states t|e aat|o:|t· to µ:esc:||evote: qaa||·
ûcat|oos µ:ov|cec oo|· t|at qaa||ûcat|oos to
vote io: L. :. keµ:eseotat|ves |e t|e saae
as qaa||i|cat|oos to vote io: :eµ:eseotat|ves | o
¨t|e aost oaae:oas ß:aoc| oi t|e :tate Leg·
|s|ata:e ¨ T|e l|iteeot| Aaeocaeot µ:o||||ts
iece:a| aoc state gove:oaeots i:oa ceo·|og o:
a|:|cg|og t|e :|g|t to vote oo accoaot oi :ace
T|eN|oeteeot|Aaeocaeotµ:o||||tsiece:a|aoc
stategove:oaeots i:oa ceo·|ogo: a|:|cg|ogt|e
:|g|t to vote oo accoaot oi sex. T|e Tweot··
ioa:t| Aaeocaeot ( :at|ûec jaoaa:· :ª, l º´!j
µ:o||||ts µo||·tax qaa||ûcat|oos io: vote:s µa:t|·
c|µat|og|oiece:a| e|ect|oos No provision of the
Constitution or of the twenty-four amendments
gives the federal government authority to deter­
mine voter qualifications.
Coost|tat|ooa||·,stategove:oaeotsaa· |aµose
vote:-qaa||ûcat|oo :eqa|:eaeots cooce:o�og eca·
cat|oo, age :es|ceoce, µ:oµe:t· owoe:s|:µ, occa-
µat|oo, c:|a|oa| |e|av|o: aoc assoc|at|oos, sa|·
ve:s|ve act|v|t|es aocassoc|at|oos, aoc so oo T|e
iece:a|gove:oaeot|asoocoost|tat|ooa|aat|o:|tv
tocoao·t||oga|oatstate·esta|||s|ecvote:qaa||·
ûcat|oos, ao|ess t|e states :eqa|:e µo|| taxes |o
iece:a| e|ect|oos o: ceo·t|e voteoo accoaot oi
sexo::ace listatesceo·t|evote io: µ:o||||tec
:easoos, t|e iece:a| gove:oaeot |as oo coost|ta·
t|ooa|aat|o:|t·to|ote:veoeµos|t|ve|· aoc esta|·
||s| ieceta|vot|ogqaa||ûcat|oos.Coost|tat|ooa||·,
t|e iece:a| gove:oaeotcaooo|· |ote:veoe oeg

·
t|ve|·to |eeµ states i:oa co|og w|att|e Coosu·
tat|oo ío:||1s.
Supporters of t|e pending voting :|g|ts |eg-
|s|at|oocla|at|att|es|x soat|e:ostates aûectec
(esµecia||·A|a|aaaj |avev|o|atect|el|iteeot|
Aaeocaeot|·ceo·|ogoeg:oest|e:|g|ttovote,
ae:e|· |ecaase t|e· a:e oeg:oes.
Doa|t|ess, soae qaa||ûec oeg:oes |ave |eeo
ceo|ect|evote|ecaase oi:ace T|e:e a:e a|ases
oi |aw aoc a|sca::|ages oi j ast|ce, oi va:|oas
||ocs aoc exteot, |o a|| states |o a|| µ|aces
w|e:e |aaao |e|ogs ex|st T|e c:|t|ca| qaest|oo
|s w|et|e: t|e:e |s ao A|a|aaa state µo||c· o:
µatte:o oi ceo·|og oeg:oes t|e :|g|t to vote |e·
caase oi:ace
A||µ:eseot:eg|st:at|oo|oa:cs|oA|a|acawe:e
aµµo|otec |o, o: s|oce, Ccto|e:, l º´ª P:|o: to
t|at t|ae, t|e L : Deµa:taeot oi jast|ce, aite:
t|o:oag| |ovest|gat|oo, c|a|aec to |ave ioaoc
soaeev|ceoceoi:ac|a|c|sc:|a|oat|oo|·:eg|st:a-
t|oo |oa:cs |o l l oi A|a|aaas ´¯ coaot|es. The
Justice Department has not made formal charges
of racial discrimination against any present regis­
tration board in Alabama. \et |t |s present :eg|s·
t:at|oo |oa:cs t|at ag|tato:s |ave |eeo ag|tat|og
a|oat aoc t|at t|e µeoc|og |aw |oteocs to µao-
is|
(2
5)
T|e Deµa:taeot oi jast|ce a||eges t|at oo|·
:c¯oiqaa||ûecA|a|aaaoeg:oes a:e:eg|ste:ec
tovote T||s |soott:ae.(25)
Io A|a|aaa, t|e:e a:e a|oat :cc,ccc oeg:oes
oi vot|og age w|t| s|xt| g:ace o: ||g|e: ecaca·
t|oo lt |s est|aatec t|at l c¨- oi t|ese ( :c,cccj
a:eoot qaa||ûectovote |ecaase oic:|a|

oa| :

ec·
o:cs Ct|e: iacto:s :ecace µoss|||e :eg.st:auoo
to l !c ccc

aoc t|e:e a:e l l · ,ccc oeg:oes :eg|s-
te:ec . v�te. º:¨- oit|e a|so|ate µoteot|a|, |o·
steacoit|e :c¨- a||egec(25)
T|esestat|st|cs:evea|t|at: · ,cccoiA|a|aaa' s
e||g|||e vot.og·age oeg:oes, w|t| s|xt| g:ace o:
||g|e:ecacat|oo,a:eoot:eg|ste:ectovote.We:e
t|ese : ·,ccc exc|acec |· ao:easooa|| e

o: ao-
ia|:|· aca|o|ste:ec, ||te:ac· tests ? P:acuca||· a|l
A|a|aaaoeg:oes w|t||esst|ao8th g

a
.
de educa­
tion a:e w|eo c:aítec, :ej ectec ío: a:|:ta:·se:v-
|ce |eca�set|e· ia|| aeota| tests aca|o|ste:ec|·
t|ea:aec io:ces. \eta ve:·||g|¡e:ceotage oí
oeg:oes|ave¡assect|e| |te:ac·testsaca|o|stete1

| 1 (25)
|· vote: :eg:st:at:eo oa: s.
Page 15
The March From
Sel ma To Montgomery
to ma:c| l ¯, l º´·, le1e:a| ja1ge l:ao| m
jo|osoo|ssae1aoo:1e:aa||o:|z.og||e:e|aa·|o·
moo|goae:· 1eaoos|:a||oo l| |egao oo ma:c|
. l , eo1e1ooma:c|.· , ao1e:µ:o|ec||ooo|L. :
a:ae1 |o:cesa||||ewa·
mao·o|||eaa:c|e:swe:e|aaaoscaa |ea|·
o. |s, µ:os|||a|es, 1egeoe:a|es, 1:ao|s, |aas, ao1
coaaao|s|s soae o|w|oawe:e µa|1 |o j o.o
||eaa:c|.
(26)
L. :. keµ:eseo|a||ve W|ll|aa L D|c||oso:
( A|a|aaa keµa|||caoj |as aa1e a ca:e|a| |o·
ves||ga||oo o| ||e :elaa·|o·moo|goae:· 1eaoo·
s|:a||oo. He:e |s a saaµle o| ||s ao1|ogs
"Drunkenness and sex orgies were the order
of the day in Selma, on the road to Montgomery,
and in Montgomery. There were many - not
j ust a few - instances of sexual intercourse in
public . . . .
"The Communist Party . . . is the undergirding
structure for all of the racial troubles in Alabama
for the past 3 months. Look at the speakers on
the platform in front of the capitol of Mont­
gomery or participating prominently in the
march and demonstration . . . . Carl Braden . . . .
Abner Berry . . . . James Peck . . . . Bayard Rus­
tin . . . .
"And what about the king himself - King
Martin Luther? . . . Martin Luther King himself
has amassed the staggering total of more than 60
communist-front affiliations since 1 955."( 26)
CoMarch .·, l º´·, ||e:e|aa·|o·moo|goae:·
1eaoos|:a||ooeo1e1,ao1,oo||a|1a·,m:sV|o|a
L|azzo (:e|a:o|og |· ca: |o :e|aa, accoaµao|e1
|· a lº··ea:·o|1 oeg:o |a:|e:j was s|o| ao1
||||e1 oo ||e ||g|wa· m:s L|azzo |a1 |e|| |e:
|as|ao1ao1avec||l1:eo|oDe|:o||ao1|a1gooe
|o A|a|aaa |o µa:||c|µa|e |o ||e 1eaoos|:a||oo.
Co Aµ:|| ª, l º´·, ma:||o La||e: K|og, |o a
Saturday Review article, explained ||e|aµo:|aoce
oi violence in building up pressure for what he
waots .
"The goal of the demonstrations in Selma, as
elsewhere, is to dramatize the existence of in­
j ustice and to bring about the presence of justice
by methods of nonviolence. Long years of ex­
perience indicate to us that Negroes can achieve
this goal when four things occur:
" l . Nonviolent demonstrators go into the
streets to exercise their constitutional rights.
"2. Racists resist by unleashing violence
against them.
"3. Americans of conscience in the name of
decency demand federal intervention and legis­
lation.
"4. The Administration, under mass pressure,
initiates measures of immediate intervention and
remedial legislation. "( 27)
* * * * *
" 'Tis too much p" oved-that with devotion's 1isa/e and pious action
we do sugar o'er the devil himself+¯Hamlet-Act III sc. 1
FOOTNOTES
( 1 ) Special to the Times from Birmingham, The New York Times,
April 7, 1963, p. 5 5
( 2 ) UPI story from Birmingham, The Dallas Morning News, April
1 3, 1963, Sec. 1, p. 6
( 3 ) AP dispatch from Palm Beach, Fla., The Dallas Morning News,
April 1 6, 1963, Sec. 1 , p. 1 ; AP dispatch from Atlanta, Ga. ,
The Dctlas Times Herald, April 1 6, 1963, p. 3A
( 4) AP story from Attalla, Ala. , The Dallas Times Herald, April
24, 1963, pp. l A, 29A
( 5 ) The New Y01·k Times, April 26, 1963, p. 1
( 6) Cong"

ssional Quarterly 1 eekly Report, May 1 0, 1963, pp.
71 3-4
( 7) "The Reporter's Notes From Birmingham," by George Bailey,
The Reporter, May 23, 1963, pp. 1 2, 1 4
. ( 8 ) Special to the Times from Birmingham, The New York Times,
May 10, 1 963, pp. 1 , 1 4
( 9) Congressional Quarterly 1 eekly Report, May 1 7, 1963, pp.
759-60
( 10 ) Congressional Quarterly Almanac fo,' 1963, pp. 337-8, 359
( 1 1 ) UPI dispatch from long Beach, Calif., The Dallas Times
Herald, June 23, 1963, p. 17A
( 12 ) See the text of NBC-TV's "Meet the Press" program with
Martin Luther King, March 28, 1965
( 13 ) Congressional Quarte"ly 1 eekly Report, March 19, 1965, pp.
428, 434
( 14) Congressional Quarterly 1 eekly Report, February 5, 1965, p.
1 83
( 1 5 ) For details on the interlock and associations of SCLC, SNCC,
other civil rights organizations and leaders, see this Report,
"Communism in the Civil Right Movement," June 1 , 1964.
( 1 6) "Selma, Ala. ," speech by U. S. Representative James D. Martin
( Rep. , Ala. ) , Congressional Record, February 10, 1965, pp.
2456-60 ( daily)
( 17) "A Master Plan Guides Negroes In Alabama, Sets Next
Moves," The National Observer, March 8, 1965
( 18 ) Congressional Quarterly 1 eekly Report, February 19, 1965,
p. 2 71
( 19) "The Selma, Ala., Situation," speeches with articles by U. S.
Representatives George W. Andrews ( Dem., Ala. ) , William M.
Tuck (Dem., Va. ) , Armistead 1. Selden, Jr. ( Dem., Ala. ) ,
James D. Martin ( Rep., Ala. ) , John Bell Williams (Dem.,
Miss. ), William 1. Dickinson ( Rep., Ala. ) , Robert E. Jones
Page 151
( Dem., Ala. ) , John H. Buchanan, Jr. (Rep. , Ala. ) ' Glenn
Andrews ( Rep. , Ala. ) , Joe D. Waggonner, Jr. ( Dem. , La. ) ,
Congressional Recol'd, March 17, pp. 5 1 49-62 ( dai l y)
(20) "For Negro Rights," The New York Times, February 14,
1965, Sec. 4, p. 2
( 2 1 ) "Selma: The Whole Truth )" The Sunday Brand, Hereford,
Texas, April 1 1, 1 965, pp. 1, 2
( 2 2 ) "The Other Side of the Voting-Rights Bi l l ," by U. S. Senator
Harry Flood Byrd ( Dem., Va. ) , U. S. News & World Report,
April 1 2, 1965, pp. 86-8
( 23 ) Here, from Congressio/l(/l Qlle/fterly 1/ eekly Report, April 1 6,
1965, is a summary of major provisions in S 1 564, as reported
by the Senate Judiciary Committee ( the House bi l l being only
sl ightly different ) :
A. Provided for the appointment by the Ci vi l Service Com­
mission of " examiners," federal officials who woul d de­
termine a voter's qualifications and acquire enrollment of
new voters, whenever: ( 1 ) A federal court, hearing a
sui t by the Attorney General charging a state or political
subdivision with denying or abridging the right to vote
on account of race or color, determined during the course
of the suit that examiners were needed or delivered a final
j udgement finding voting discrimination. ( 2 ) The Attorney
General certifies to the Commission that he has received
complaints from 20 or more residents of a political sub­
division of a state ( such as a county or voting district )
that they had been denied the right to vote on account
of race or color, or that he has determined that general
discrimination existed. Examiners would be appointed i n
these cases only if t he political subdivision qualified statisti­
cally as one practicing massive discrimination under the
triggering formula provided i n the bi l l . ( 3 ) The Director
of the Census, in a survey conducted at the request of the
Attorney General, determined that less than 25 percent
of the voting age population of the Negro race or of any
other race or color, was registered to vote.
B. Made any state or subdivision subject to the appointment
of federal examiners if a l i teracy test was used as a
qualification for voting on Nov. I , 1964, and ( 1 ) the
Director of the Census had determined that less than 50
percent of t he persons of voting age residing i n the area
were registered to vote on that date or actually voted in the
1964 Presidential Election, and also ( 2 ) more than 20
percent of t he persons of voting age, according t o the 1 960
Census, were non-white.
C. El iminated state pol l taxes as a requirement for registering
or voting in state and local elections. (The 24th Amend­
ment abolished pol l taxes as a requirement for registering
or voting in federal elections. )
D. Provided for suspension of l i teracy tests and si milar devices
i n al l elections-federal, state and local ( including pri­
maries and special elections) upon appointment of federal
examiners. The Civil Service Commission, in consultation
with the Attorney General , then would be authorized to
determine which aspects of state voting laws were non­
discriminatory and could remain i n force. The Civil Service
Commission would also promulgate regulations regarding
the times and pl aces for voting and the contents of the
application form.
E. Required an appl icant appearing before an examiner to
submit allegations that he had been denied the right to
vote on account of race or color and also sti pul ated that
the Attorney General might require such an applicant to
further allege that a state official had denied him the
right to register or vote within a
.
90 day period preceding
his appl i cation. When an examiner determined that an
applicant was qualified to vote, he would place the ap­
plicant's name on a l ist of eligible voters. Such l ists woul d
be sent t o local election officials at least once a month,
and the appropriate officials woul d be required to add
the list to their voting rol ls.
F. Authorized federal examiners, upon determining that proper­
ly registered voters had been turned away fro

the polls,
to go into a U. S. district court and get an order Impounding
the ballots until persons entitled to vote had been allowed
to do so. The court would be required to give expeditious
treatment to such cases.
G. Stipulated that the federal registration apparatus, where
invoked, would remain in force until the Attorney General
notified the Civil Service Commission that all qualified
voters in the area had been registered or that there was no
longer reasonable cause to believe that persons would be
denied the right to vote on the grounds of race or color.
H. Required that any new voting law enacted by a state or
local government whose voter qual ifications had been nul l i ­
fied by the bill be submitted to the Attorney General for
his consideration before it could take effect. If the Attorney
General, within a 60 day period, filed objection in a three­
j udge federal court in the District of Columbia, the new
law could not be enforced unless or until the court had
determined it was non-discrimi natory. If a new law was
not contested by the Attorney General or was determined
non-discriminatory by the court, subsequent action coul d
st i l l be taken t o strike down the measure i f enforcement
appeared to deviate from the law's intent.
1. Provided that, to free itself of the federal registration
apparatus, a state or locality would have to prove in a three­
j udge federal district court in the District of Columbia
that it had not used a l iteracy test to discriminate against
voters for a five-year period preceding the filing of its
action; or ( 1 ) that its percentage of voting age population
participating in the previous presidential election had ex­
ceeded the national average ( 62. 0 percent in 1 964) or that at
least 60 percent of adul t residents were currently registered
to vote, and ( 2 ) that there had been no discrimination
against voters. Final j udgements of any federal court during
the preceding five years determining that the state or voting
district had di scriminated could be introduced by the
Government as prima facie evidence against the petitioner.
J. Provided that even i f a court freed a state of the charge
of discrimination, the court would retain j urisdiction for
a five-year period and could reopen the action upon the
Attorney General ' s motion that the state or district had
discriminated.
K. Provided that i f a state or locality in which examiners had
been appointed considered a federall y registered applicant
unqualified to vote, it could challenge that voter's qualifi­
cations before a hearing officer appointed by the Civil
Service Commission. The hearing officer would be re­
quired to make a ruling on the chal lenge within 1 5 days.
1. Provided that upon the request of a state or voting district
seeking to come out from under the bill or challenging
the registration of a voter it considered unqualified, the
Ci vi l Service Commission would be empowered to sub­
poena any witness or documentary evidence pertinent to the
case.
M. Provided that intimidation, vote fraud, or other interference
by private citizens or public officials would carry upon
conviction a maximum fine of $5,000, maximum imprison­
ment of five years, or both.
N. Authorized federal examiners to appoint pol l watchers to
observe election procedures, including tabulation of votes,
in order to ensure that no discrimination took pl ace.
( 24) "Red Voting Act Plan," by Henry J. Taylor, The St. Paul
Dispatch, April 1 6, 1965
( 2 5 ) Congressional Rum'd, March 17, 1965, pp. 5 1 56-7 ( daily)
( 26)
U. S. Representative Wi l l iam 1. Dickinson ( Rep. , Al a. ) , has
presented information to the House On the Sel ma-to-Mont­
gomery march. His first speech is in the CongressIOnal Recol-d,
March 30, 1 965, pages 61 1 3-4 of the daily edition. Hi s
.
secon?
speech, together with remarks from other RepresentatIves, IS
i n the Congressional Record, April 27, 1 965, pp. 8307- 1 5 . He
repeated the speech later off of the House floor. Personal
interviews made by my staff ( with newsmen and members of
the Arm�d Forces present during the march) corroborate sworn
statements and other information presented by Representative
Dickinson. Alabama law enforcement and other agencies have
photographs and other documents to back up �he�e charges.
Some of the information has not been made publIc In order to
protect the mi l i tary personnel and others involved.
( 27) Saturday Review, April 3, 1965, pp. 16-7, 57
Page 1 52
ÏMË
III Smoot le,olt
Vol. I I , No. 20 (Broadcast 508) May 1 7, 1 965 Dallas, Texas
DAN SMOOT
THE DOMI NI CAN R E PUBL I C
P|oet· a||es soat| o| l|o:|ca |s t|e |s|aoc o| Ca|a, a|oa: :·c a||es |oog, east to west,
a|oat l cc a||es w|ce, oo:t| to soat| Last o| Ca|a, ac:oss a oa::ow st:a|t ca||ec t|e W|ocwa:c
Passage, |s t|e |s|aoc o|H|sµao|o|a Last o| H|sµao|o|a, ac:oss a st:a|t ca||ec t|e mooa Passage,
|s t|e |s|aoc o| Pae:to k|co T|ese t|:ee |e· |s|aocs, c|scove:ec |. Co|aa|as, se¡a:ate t|e At·
|aot|c Cceao |:oat|eCa:|||eao :ea.
T|e a|cc|e |s|aocH|sµao|o|a-was t|e o:|g|oa||aseo|:µao|s|oµe:at|oos|ot|eoewwo:|c
:µao|a:cs |oaocec :aoto Doa|ogo, at t|e aoat|o|t|eCzaaak|ve:, oot|e soat|easte:os|o:e
o| H|sµao|o|a-t|e a:st µe:aaoeot sett|eaeot o| La:oµeaos |o t|e Aae:|cas T|oag| Co|aa|as
c|ec |o :µa|o, ||s :eaa|os a:e |a:|ec |o :aoto Doa|ogo, as |e |ac :eqaestec.

Nat|ve Ioc|aos w|oa Co|aa|as c|scove:ec oo H|sµao|o|a we:e oea:|· exte:a|oatec |· w||te
aeos c|seases aoc |· |a:c |a|o: |aµosec oo t|ea. T|e·we:e:eµ|acec |·oeg:os|aves |aµo:tec
|:oaA|:|ca.
·
A|oat a ceota:· a|te: :µao|a:cs |oaocec :aoto Doa|ogo,|:ee|oote:s,|accaoee:s,aocµ|:ates
|egao to |o:a a sett|eaeot oo t|e oo:t|weste:o t|µo|t|e|s|aoc.T|e·caae aoce: t|eµ:otect|oo
o| l:aoce, aoc |o i :º:, :µa|o coocecec t|e weste:o t||:c o| t|e |s|aoc as l:eoc| te::|to:·.
T|e l:eoc| ca||ec t|e|: µa:t o| t|e |s|aoc :a|ote Doa|o|qae T|e :¡ao|s| co|oo. was |oowo
as :aoto Doa|ogo, a|te: t|e oaae o| t|e o:|g|oa| c|t·
Io l :º· , :µa|osa::eoce:ec t|eeot|:e|s|aoc o| H|sµao|o|a to l:aoce, |at t|e l:eoc| oeve:
occa¡|ec t|e :¡ao|s| ¡a:t o| t|e |s|aoc A s|ave :e|e|||oo |o t|e l:eoc| co|oo· exte:a|oatec o:
c:ove oat w||tes, aoc :esa|tec |o esta|||s|aeot o| t|e oeg:o oat|oo o| Ha|t| oo t|e veste:o
t||:c o| t|e |s|aoc.
THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, a magazine published every week by The Dan Smoot Report, Inc., m

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Page 153
Ha|t|aos|ovacecaococcaµ|ec·aotoDoa|ogo.
Naµo|eoo seot ao a:a· w||c| ce|eatec Ha|t|ao
|ovace:s , |at c|sease, coot|oaec s|ave aµ:|s|ogs,
aoc wa: |o £a:oµe sooo coaµe||ec t|e l:eoc|
a:a· to w|t|c:aw.
W|t| t|e |e|µ o| £og|aoc, ·µa|o :ecaµta:ec
|e: o|c co|oo· o| ·aoto Doa|ogo |o l ºcº aoc
|e|c|taot|| l º: l , w|eoDoa|o|caos:evo|tecaoc
cec|a:ec |oceµeoceoce |:oa ·µa|o. W|t||o t|:ee
aoot|s, Ha|t|aos aga|o |ovacec ·aoto Doa|ogo.
T|e·occaµ|ec |t|o:: : ·ea:s.
Io l º!!, Doa|o|caos saccess|a||· :evo|tec
aga|ost Ha|t|ao :a|e aoc µ:oc|a|aec t|e Doa|o·
|cao keµa|||c ao |oceµeoceot oat|oo. Powe:
st:agg|es aaoog|eace:s aoc |act|oos |ot|e oew
oat|oo, coot|oaec coaest|c :e|e|||oos , aoc :e·
µeatec |ovas|ooatteaµts |·Ha|t||:oag|ta|se:·
|o: t|e oext l : ·ea:s. Io lº´l, t|e Doa|o|cao
µ:es|ceot ( Geoe:a| Pec:o ·aotaoaj µ:oc|a|aec
t|eoat|oo:e·aooexecto ·µa|o.
Io l º´·, Doa|o|caosaga|o :evo|tec, t|:ew oa
·µao|s| coot:o|, aoc :e·esta|||s|ec t|e Doa|o|·
cao keµa|||c. Aga|o, t|e·we:e aoa||e to aa|o·
ta|o |:eecoa aoc |oceoeoceoce.
Io l º´º, t|e Doa|o|cao µ:es|ceot as|ec t|at
||s coaot:· |e aooexec to t|e Lo|tec ·tates.
P:es|ceot L|·sses ·. G:aot waotec aooexat|oo,
|at t|eL. ·. ·eoate woa|c ootaµµ:ove.
Aoa:c|· µ.eva||ec aot|| lºº., w|eo a st:oog
c|ctato:ga|oec coot:o|. He:a|ecaot.|||sassass. ·
oat|oo |o l ººº Da:|og t|e oext s|x ·ea:s, |oa:
aaj o: :evo|at|oos occa::ec. T|e oat|oo sao| so
ceeµ|· |oce|tt|at|o:e|goc:ec|to:s ( µa:t|ca|a:|·
l:eoc| aoc Ita||aoj we:e t|:eateo|og |o:ce to
e||ect co||ect|oos. Ao Aae:|cao ûoaoc|a| s·oc|·
cate was a|so |eav||· |ovo|vec.
Io l ºc·, t|e Lo|tec ·tates assaaec coot:o| o|
co||ect|og Doa.o|cao castoas cat|es aoc, |o :e·
ta:o, gaa:aoteec Doa|o|cao te::|to:|a| |oteg:|t·.
T|eL. ·. a| |ocatectot|eDoa|o|caogove:oaeot
!·% o| cat|es co||ectec. T||s c:eatec aoaoc|a|
sta||||t·, |ecaase |t gave t|e gove:oaeot ao:e
|ocoae t|ao µ:ev|oas|· w|eo aost castoas :ev·
eoaewass|µ|ooecoa|·g:a|taocco::aµt|oo.
(16)
Po||t|ca| ta:ao|| coot|oaec, |oweve: , aoc |o
l ºl ´, t|e Lo|tec ·tates seot ma:|oes to µ:otect
Aae:|cao ||ves aoc µ:oµe:t· aoc to esta|||s|
o:ce:.
T|ema:|oes cooascatec aoc caaµec |oto t|e
seaaµµ:ox|aate|· ª, ccc,cccsaa||a:ea:as ( ao:e
t|aot|etota|oaa|e:o|µeoµ|e|ot|ecoaot:·j.( 1 )
T|e· |a||t sewage aoc wate: s·steas, :oacs aoc
sc|oo|s T|e· a:aec aoc t:a|oec a oat|ve coo·
sta|a|a:·.
(16)
Ka|ae|T:aj |||ovasa·oaog ||eateoaot |ot|e
ooocesc:|µt Doa|o|cao a:a· w|eo t|e L. ·.
ma:|oes a::|vec |o l ºl ´ He se:vec w|t| t|e
ma:|oes, aoc ceve|oµec a µass|ooate |o·a|t· aoc
aca|:at|oo|o:t|ea.T|ema:|oes,|ota:o,t:a|oec
T:aj |||o aoc a iew ot|e: ·oaog oace:s to ta|e
coaaaoc o|a oew Doa|o|caoa:a·.
(
1,16)
T|e L. ·. ma:|oes w|t|c:ew |o lº:!, aoc
Ho:ac|o Vasqaez was e|ectec P:es|ceot o| t|e
Doa|o|cao keµa|||c. ße|o:e ||s |oa:··ea: te:a
eocec, Vasqaez aatoc:at|ca||· exteocec |t to a
s|x··ea: te:a, g|v|og |oc|cat|oos t|at |e woa|c
oeve: w||||og|· :e||oqa|s| µowe:. Io l ºªc,
ka|ae| T:aj |||o (w|o |ac|ecoae C||e| oi ·taa
o| t|e Aae:|cao·t:a|oec Doa|o|cao a:a·j |ec a
:evo|t w||c| ove:t|:ew Vasqaez. T:aj |||o was
e|ectecP:es|ceot.
(16)
Io 1934, T:aj |||o vas :e·e|ectec P:es|ceot |o:
asecooc ioa:··ea: te:a. Io 1938, |ec|oseoot to
:ao, |att|eµo||t|ca|µa:t·w||c||e|ac|oaocec
woo t|e e|ect|oo, aoc T:aj |||o :eta|oec coot:o|,
w|||ese:v|og|oa:·ea:sas sµec|a| aa|assaco:o|
t|eDoa|o|caokeµa|||c.
Lo|tec ·tates :ece|ve:s||µ o| Doa|o|cao cas·
toascat|es,|egao|o lºc·, coot|oaecaot|| l º!l.
A oew Doa|o|cao coost|tat|oo o| lº!: ex·
teocec t|e µ:es|ceot|a| te:a to ave ·ea:s. W|t|·
oat s|go|acaot oµµos|t|oo, T:aj |||o was e|ectec
|olº!:aoc l º!: Io lº·:, |ecec|cecoetto :ao
aga|oio:e|ect|veomce,|at,t|:oag|||sµo||t|ca|·
a|||ta:·aac||oe,|e:eaa|oecv|:taa|c|ctato:ao·
t|| ||s ceat| |o lº´i, µe:a|tt|og oo|· aea|e:s
Page 154
o|||s |aa||· o: ot|e: c|oseo caoc|cates to :ao
|o: aaj o: oaces
The Trui i l l o Era: 1 930-1 961
J :a j|||o |ac |a:c|· ta|eo oace |o: ||s a:st
te:a as P:es|ceot |o lºªc w|eo a te::|||e |a::|·
caoe st:ac| t|e |s|aoc, cevastat|og t|e caµ|ta|
T:aj |||o :e|a||t :aoto Doa|ogo aoc :eoaaec |t
C|acacT:aj |||o ( |tso:|g|oa|oaae|e|og:esto:ec
a|te: ||s assass|oat|ooj
T|:oag|oat t|e T:a j|||o e:a, t|e Doa|o|cao
keµa|||c oµe:atec oo a |a|aocec |acget. T|e
|o:e|go ce|t was µa|c oñ |o i º!:, t|e oat|ooa|
ce|t|o i º·ª W|eoT:aj |||o|ecaaeP:es|ceot|o
l ºªc, oo|· ·c, ccc staceots we:e eo:o||ec |o t|e
oat|oos sc|oo|s. lo lº·:, tota| sc|oo| eo:o||aeot
was c|ose to |a|| a a||||oo. G:eat t:acts o| |aoc
we:e |:oag|t |oto µ:ocact|oo |· |::|gat|oo. lo·
cast:|es we:e |a||t to µ:ocess oat|ve ag:|ca|ta:a|
µ:ocacts lo:e|go t:ace ||oa:|s|ec.
l10)
A|wa·s|o·a|tot|eLo|tec:tates,T:aj | ||osaw
to|tt|att|eDoa|o|caokeµa|||cwasaaoogt|e
a:st Lat|o Aae:|cao oat|oos to j o|o t|e L :. |o
Wo:|cWa:ll. Heoûe:ec|aoc|o:sett|eaeot|·
:e|agees |:oa La:oµeao µe:secat|oo.
(10)
¡e:e.sa|:|e|saaaa:·o|Doa|o|cao||sto:·
ta|eo |:oa Trujillo : The Last Caesar, w:|tteo |·
Geoe:a| A:ta:o Lsµa|||at, w|o |e|c ||g| oaces
ca:|ogt|eT:aj |||oc|ctato:s||µ,|at|e|t||s|oae·
|aoc as ao ex||e a|te: T:aj | ||o was assass|oatec
"Dominican politics . . . . is a claw and fang
struggle for survival. Truj illo was able to sur­
vive for 31 years only because he was almost per­
fectly adapted to, and shaped by, that environ­
ment . . . .
"For centuries, Dominicans have referred to
their country as 'The land Columbus loved best.'
But Dominicans also had reason to fear that
theirs was the land that God must love least. Our
whole history is one of foreign invasions and
domestic insurrections . 4 . .
"From this chaos there emerged regional chiefs,
k
?
own as caciques. These were very tough indi­
VIduals who had clawed their way to local lead­
ership and held it until someone a bit tougher
came along . . . . Dominican politics consisted of
several caciques periodically getting together to
overthrow the government . . . . [ which] was
never strong enough to resist the caciques. The
army was merely a handful of ill-trained con­
scripts. Recruitment was simple. From time to
time the government would call on loyal caciques
for volunteers. The local chiefs would then round
up a batch of unhappy youths and send them to
the capital. Sometimes it was necessary to use
force. One cacique handcufed his 'volunteers'
to a huge rope and sent them to the army with
this message: 'Here are your volunteers. Please
return the rope.'
"But the U. S. Marines and Trujillo changed
all that . . . .
"Trujillo always thought of himself as basi­
cally a Marine Corps ofcer-and 'damned proud
of it.' It was typical, for instance, that of the 40
to 50 decorations conferred upon him during his
long career, Trujillo was proudest of a faded,
threadbare medal attesting to his service with the
Marines.
"This loyalty to the Corps was responsible for
his unwavering loyalty to the United States. This
was true even in the face of Washington's re­
bufs and attempts to topple him. Trujillo never
got over his love afair with the Marines.
"The Marines pulled out in 1 924. Behind them
they left . . . [ a] small but efcient army and a
network of roads. The roads penetrated to the
formerly isolated regions ruled by the caciques.
And the new Marine-trained army had become
more than a match for the caciques' pistoleros . . . .
"Trujillo crushed the caciques. Moving his
Marine-trained troops over Marine-built roads,
the Generalissimo struck again and again. Ca­
ciques who wouldn't surrender unconditionally
were gunned down. The survivors saw the light.
The era of regional warlords was ended. The
Era of Trujillo had begun.
"For his own reasons, Trujillo then precipi­
tated a social revolution. He was not of the
aristocracy. He feared and resented the old fami­
lies, a feeling that most of them heartily re­
ciprocated. So Trujillo addressed himself directly
to the campesinos, the peasants. The power of
Page 155
the caciques is broken, he told them, and you are
now under the protection of my government.
Thousands of letters were sent out urging the
peasants to submit their complaints directly to
Trujillo. Were they abused by the landowners?
Tell Trujillo. Did a village need a schoolhouse?
Ask Trujillo . . . .
"And it worked. The masses remained loyal
to Trujillo to the end. When he was buried, tens
of thousands ,of grief-stricken campesinos poured
out of the hills to attend his funeral . . . . No
member of the educated classes ever dared at­
tempt to lead a popular revolution. No colonel
ever dared order his troops to march on the N a­
tional Palace. His own men would have mowed
him down. That is why the men who fnally as­
sassinated Trujillo were all from the upper ranks
of Dominican society, and even they dared to
act only in concert with agents of the U. S. gov­
ernment.
"Tru jillo's political tactics also produced an­
other social transformation: the appearance of
a middle class. In 1 930 there were only' three
really wealthy families in the Dominican Re­
public - the Vicinis, Ricarts and Espaillats -
plus another ffty landed families of moderate
wealth. Below them were only the masses. There
was nothing in between.
"There were several reasons for the absence
of a middle class. One was that the ever-recurring
revolutions ruined agriculture, the country's
only major SOllrce of income. Harvests rotted
while feld hands shot at each other in opposing
armies. Not enough wealth could be generated
to produce any real business or businessmen.
"What few merchants there were made it a
point to live from hand to mouth. They kept very
little merchandise in stock. And they had good
reason, for anything of value in the stores was
invariably confscated by one or another of the
rebel armies which made their annual appear­
ance.
"Trujillo's iron-fsted dictatorship changed all
that. He shot people who disturbed the peace.
And with peace, the republic's natural wealth
burst forth. Agricultural production soared. A
commercial and professional class came into be­
ing. The population of the Dominican Republic
nearly tripled in the Era of Trujillo.
"The price was freedom. Trujillo imposed a
military discipline which turned the population
into an army. The Dominican government was
commanded with the same military efciency
that Trujillo had so admired in the Marines.
For the frst time, and possibly the last, public
employees went to work on time. Ofcial func­
tions were conducted on a precise schedule. Of­
fenses were punished in the same spirit of a
commanding ofcer meting out disciplinary ac­
tion. And anti-Trujillo activity, to the Old Man,
was the same as a soldier committing mutiny. "( l )
Exit Trui i l l o
J |oag| |e |aµose1 a oat|ooa| soc|a||st 1|c·
tato:s||µ oo t|e Doa|o|cao keµa|||c, T:ej |||o
wasa ||e:ceeoea· o| t|at|:ao1 o| |ote:oat|ooa|
soc|a||sa ca||e1 coaaao|sa.
Io ||s |atte: 1a·s, T:ej |||o |e|t t|at t|e L. :.
:tateDeµa:taeot|egaotote:oaga|ost||aw|eo
|ewa:oe1t|eDeµa:taeott|at l|1e| Cast:owas
a 1aoge:oas coaaeo|st T|e :tate Deµa:taeot
aa1e|tµoss|||e|o:Cast:otos|ezeµowe:|oCe|a
|o lº· º· lº·º. Dest:act|oo o| T:ej | | |o |ecaae a
µ:|aa:· Cast:o o|j ect|ve. A :eaa:|a||e c|a|o o|
eveots |o1|cates t|att|eL.: gove:oaeot|e|µe1
accoaµ||s| t|at coaaao|st o|j ect|ve.
Io ja|·, l º:c, t|e Pe:av|ao gove:oaeot seg·
geste1 a aeet|og o| t|e C:gao|zat|oo o| Aae:|·
cao:tates (C. A. : - coaµose1o|t|eL :. ao1
20 Lat|oAae:.cao oat|oos , :o 1|scass t|e :ov|et
t|:eat|ot||s |ea|sµ|e:e, µa:t|ca|a:|·:ov|et coo·
t:o|o|Cast:o |oCa|a T|eC A : coaa|ttee
aµµo|ote1 to a::aoge t|e coo|e:eoce was µ:|·
aa:.|·cooce:oe1|oweve:,w|t|aa||o,a::aoge·
aeots acceµta||e to Cast:o T|e coaa|ttee 1e·
c|1e1 to µ|acate Cast:o |· sett|og a coo|e:eoce
w|ose a:st o:1e: o| |as|oess woa|1|e, oot coa·
aeo|st coot:o| o| Ce|a, |et c|a:ges aga|ost
T:aj | | |o T|e Veoezae|ao gove:oaeot |a1 ac·
case1 !:aj || |o o| µ|ott|og to assass|oate P:es|·
1eotkoae|oßetaocoe:t, a|o:ae:coaaao|st
w|o, |||e ot|e: coaaeo|sts, |ate1 T:ej |||o.
The U. S. State Departmeot supported :|ec.a·
a|ttee µ|ao. W|eo t|e C. A :. coo|e:eoce aet
Page 156
at :ao )ose, Costa k|ca, oo Aagast l:, iº:c, L. ·
seo|owe: s:ec:eta:·o|:tatetoo|t|e|ea1|oget·
t.og a :eso|at.oo :ecoaaeo1.og t|at C A :.
oat.oos |:ea| 1|µ|oaat.c :e|at|oos w.t| t|e Do·
a.o|cao keµa||.c ao1 |a¡ose seve:e ecoooa|c
saoct.oos T|eL : wasootsaccess|a|, |oweve:,
.o gett.og t|e coo|e:eoce to 1o ao·t|.og a|oat
Ca|a.
T|e:ao)oseCoo|e:eoceeo1e1w|t|oo act|oo
ta|eo aga.ost coaaao.st Ca|a, |at, ao1e: L. :
|ea1e:s||µ,|t|a1:a.oe1T:aj . ||o,oa:oo|·st:oog
aot.·coaaao|st |:.eo1 .o t|e Ca:.||eao a:ea
Co Aagast .:, l º:c, t|e Lo. te1 :tates |:o|e
1|¡|oaat.c :e|at.eos w.t| t|e Doc.o.cao ke¡a|·
||c, ' ao1 T:aj . ||o s 1a·swe:e oaa|e:e1
Ca::tateDe¡a:taeot ao1 Ceot:a|lote||.geoce
Ageoc·|ave|eeoaccase1o|¡|ott|og||saa:1e:
Note t|e |o||ow.og |:oa T1'ujillo : T he Last
Caesar:
"Norman Gall . . . in his New Republic ac­
count of 'How Trujillo Died' . . . . says:
" 'The assassination of the Dominican Repub­
lic's Rafael L. Trujillo was carried out with as­
sistance from the U. S. Central Intelligence
Agency. Arms for . . . slaying . . . the 69-year­
old dictator . . . were smuggled by CIA into
the country at the request of the assassins, ac­
cording to highly qualifed sources I interviewed
in Santo Domingo shortly after the collapse of
the Trujillo rule.
" 'The CIA began shipping guns to the Do­
minican Republic in late 1 960 . . . .
" 'The key link between the assassins and the
CIA in the arms shipment was a long-time Amer­
ican civilian resident of Ciudad Trujillo . . .
who operated a supermarket in a fashionable
neighborhood where Trujillo also lived . . . .
" 'The weapons were imported in small parts,
to be assembled later by the plotters, among the
routine grocery shipments for the supermarket
arriving regularly in the capital's port . . . .'
"The arrival of weapons from the Government
of the United States was, for the plotters, tangi­
ble evidence that the might of the United States
was behind them. Without that support there
would simply have been no conspiracy. Trujillo
had put together a powerful political-military
machine which could only have been destroyed
by intervention from the outside world. And the
State Department had decreed: Trujillo must
go . . . . [ But ] . . . . his magnetic appeal to the
masses was still overwhelming . . . e
"So there was only one way to get rid of the
man . . . . he had to die. The plot began to take
shape in the fall of 1 960, shortly after the con­
demnation of the Trujillo regime at the Organi­
zalion of American States conference in Costa
Rica.
"Masterminding the operation were two rather
improbable conspirators. They were foreign
service ofcers who had held posts in the U. S.
Embassy until the rupture of relations, after
which they had been transferred to the U. S.
Consulate. The pair reminded me of the Ameri­
can comic strip characters Mutt and Jeff . . . .
"It was typical that Trujillo would always be
the last to admit that U. S. diplomats were knif­
ing him in the back.
"It was this same blind confdence that per­
mitted the conspiracy to fower literally under
his nose. Trujillo knew that Mutt and Jeff were
in contact with oppositionists. It was fairly com­
mon knowledge in the government that the
American's market was being used as a rendez­
vous by the two diplomats and oppositionists.
But he and the diplomats were Americans. And
Trujillo, always the ex-Marine, liked Ameri-
cans . . . .
"By early December, 1 960, the conspiracy had
shaped up . . . . On Christmas Day, 1 960, the
green light was fashed [ from Washington]
Tactical execution of the plot was the next
step." Cl)
T:a j ||lo1|e1.oa |a.| o|aac|.oegao|a||ets,
oo a |ooe|· st:etc| o| |.g|wa· oea: :aoto Do-
a.ogo, t|e o|g|t o| Ha· ªc, í º:i , aoc aoa:c|y
:eta:oe1 to t|e laoc t|at Colaa|as |ove1 |est.
Doa|o.caos ( µ:eseotl· a|oat º·
¨
, oeg:o ao1
aa|atto, i ·
¨
,w||te, |aveoeve:|oowo|:ee1oa,
o:s|owo t|ease|ves caµa||eo| |t.
Sequel
Joaca·ora|agae:wasI:es|1eo:o|:|eLoc|o·
|caoke¡a||.cw|eoT:aj |||owasassass.oate1. He
Page 157
ao1 aea|e:s o| T:aj |||o' s|aa||ycoot|oae1 gov·
e:o|ogt|ecoaot:y, |at :|ots, 1eaoost:at|oos, ao1
st:||esc:eate1g:aveµ:o||eas ao1 |o1|cate1 t|at
aaaj o::evo|twas|aµeo1|ogßya|1·Decea|e:,
i º:i , aost o| t|e T:aj |||o |aa||y |a1 |e|t t|e
coaot:y ßa|agae: |o:ae1 a oew gove:oaeot,
µ:oa|s|og to :es|go as P:es|1eot as sooo as t|e
C.A. :. || |te1ecoooa|csaoct|oos P:es|1eot)o|o
l. Keooe1y aoooaoce1 t|at |e woa|1 µe:sooa||y
a:ge|| |t|cgoIsaoct|oosoot|e|as|so|ßa|agae: s
µ:oa|se.
Co)aoaa:y+, iº:., t|eC A. : |||te1ecoooa·
|c saoct|oos. Two 1ays |ate:, t|e L. :. :esaae1
1|µ|oaat|c :e|at|oos ao1 ecoooa|c a|1.
£|ect|oos we:e |e|1 |o Decea|e:, i º:. , ao1
)aaoßosc|wase|ecte1P:es|1eotßosc|,w|o|a1
|eeo|oex||e|o:acaa:te:o|aceota:y,waswe||
|oowo |o: |ovo|veaeot |o |e|t|st act|v|t|es |o
Lat|o Aae:|ca ao1was :eµo:te1 to|ave |eeo a
coaaao|st.
Co jaoaa:y i c, i º:ª, ßosc| v|s|te1 P:es|1eot
Keooe1y |o Was||ogtoo. Co le|:aa:y .:, i º:ª,
V|ce P:es|1eot Lyo1oo ß. jo|osoo atteo1e1
ßosc|s |oaaga:at|oo |o:aoto Doa|ogo )o|osoo
µ|e1ge1L. :. saµµo:tto ßosc|, say|og
"We celebrate with you the rebirth of an au­
thentic democracy." ( 8
)
ßosc| µe:a|tte1 coaaao|sts to :eta:o |:oa
ex||e, ao1 too| coaaao|sts |oto ||s gove:caeot.
He1eaao1e1 a ¨:e|o:aact¨ aat|o:|z|og ||ato
cooascate µ:oµe:ty o| a|aost aoyooe w|o |a1
1ooe|as|oess1a:|ogt|eT:aj |||o :eg|ae. He ex·
teo1e1 gove:oaeot coot:o| ove: e1acat|oo. He
t:|e1 to |o:cea|| |a|o: ao|oos |oto agove:oaeot·
coot:o||e1 ceot:a| |e1e:at|oo. He c|ose1 1owo
seve:a|oewsµaµe:sao1|:oa1caststat|oos|o:c:|t·
|c|z|og||s:eg|ae Heatteaµte1to ta|e ove:t|e
oat|oo s j a1|c|a:y He :eµ|ace1 exµe:|eoce1 gov·
e:oaeota| oac|a|s w|t| ||s |e|t|st µo||t|ca| c:o·
o|es.(9)
A|| t|e w|||e, :|e Keooe1y·)o|osoo a1a|o|s
t:a:|oo :as|e1 ecoooa|c +.1, :o a+|e :|e Do­
a|o|cao kepa|||c, ao1e: ßosc| s µ:es|1eocy, a
¨s|owcase o| 1eaoc:acy ¨ Desµ|te t|e a|1, t|e
Doa|o|cao ecoooay sao| |oto :a|o Pove:ty ao1
ao:estwe:eao:e µ:eva|eott|ao ataoyt|ae 1a:·
|og t|e ªc·yea: T:aj |||o e:a¨'
to :eµtea|e: .+, i º:ª, Doa|o|cao a|||ta:y
|ea1e:s, see|og t|e coaot:y :aµ|1|y |ecoa|og a
coaaao|stsate|||te,se|ze1µowe: ßosc| too|:e|-
age|oPae:to k|co, a L. : te::|to:|a| µossess|oo,
ao1 t|e L : aga|o sasµeo1e1 1|µ|oaat|c :e|a·
t|oos w|t| t|e Doa|o|cao keµa|||c. A|te: t|e
aot|·coaaao|st a|||ta:y j aota |a1 sa::eo1e:e1
coot:o| to a ¨ao1e:ate¨ c|v|||ao j aota, P:es|1eot
)o|osoo (ooDecea|e: i +, i º:ª , :eoewe11|µ|o·
aat|c:e|at|oos
Co Aµ:|| .+, i º:· , saµµo:te:s o| )aao ßosc|
:e|e||e1 aga|ost t|e c|v|||ao j aota Co Aµ:|| .º,
i º:·, P:es|1eot)o|osooo:1e:e1ma:|oes|otot|e
Doa|o|cao keµa|||c to evacaate Aae:|caos ao1
ot|e:|o:e|goe:s. T|el:eoc|gove:oaeoto:1e:e1
twowa:s||µstoevacaatel:eoc|c|t|zeos.
(10)
Co Aµ:|| .º, )o|osoo a1a|o|st:at|oo sµo|es·
aeo1eo|e1 :eµo:ts t|at t|e P:es|1eotwas act|og
w|t| |o:ce |ecaase o| coaaao|st |ovo|veaeot |o
t|e:e|e|||oo
( 11)
T|eC A : ( at asµec|a|aeet·
|ogw||c|P:es|1eot)o|osoo|a1:ecaeste1j saoc·
t|ooe1L. : :escaeoµe:at|oos W|eo Doa|o|cao
a|||ta:y |ea1e:s, w|o we:et:y|ogto saµµ:ess t|e
:e|e|||oo, as|e1 :|e L. : to exµao1 |ts :escae
oµe:at|oosto|e|µ:esto:eo:1e:,t|eL.: sa|1t|at
t||s coa|1oo:|e1ooew|t|oatC. A :. aµµ:ova|
t|atwecoa|1actoo|ytoµ:otectL. :. c|t|zeos
ao1 µ:oµe:ty.
( 12)
Co may i, aoot|e: sµec|a| C A : aeet|og
was ca||e1, to coos|1e: P:es|1eot )o|osoo's :e·
caest t|att|e C. A. :. ta|e :esµoos|||||ty |o: :e·
sto:|og o:1e:.
Co may. , P:es|1eot )o|osoo sa|1 t|att|e:e·
vo|t|a1|eeota|eoove:|ycoaaao|stsao1t|at
t|e L. :. µa:µose was oo |ooge: ae:e|y to µ:o·
tectL. :. ||vesao1µ:oµe:ty,|attoµ:eveo|es|a|·
lishment of another communist government in the
Weste:oHea|sµ|e:e. T||s may. sµeec| aa1e|t
Page 158
clea: (as Wa|te: L|µµaaoo µo|otec oat, t|at
P:es|ceot )o|osoo waotec :esto:at|oo o| ¨t|e
||oco|µoµa|a:ceaoc:at|c:evo|at|oo,coaa|ttec
toceaoc:ac·aocsoc|a|j ast|ce,w||c|. . . ¯ )aao]
ßosc| :eµ:eseots. ¨(13)
CoHa·´, l º´·, t|eC. A. :. votec to c:eate
ao |ote:·Aae:|cao a|||ta:· |o:ce to :esto:e o:ce:
|o t|e Doa|o|cao keµa|||c. P:es|ceot )o|osoo
|ac µ:oa|sec to w|t|c:aw Aae:|cao t:ooµs as
sooo as ao C. A. :. |o:cewas :eac·tota|eove:.
T|e C. A. :. act|oo aoc t|e P:es|ceot's µ:oa|se
coootaeaot|atoa:so|c|e:sw||| |ew|t|c:awo.
Itaeaost|att|e·w|||se:veaoce:C.A. :. , :at|e:
t|ao aoce:L :. , coaaaoc.
ß·Ha·º, l º´·, a|oatlº,cccL.:.t:ooµswe:e
|o t|e Doa|o|cao keµa|||c ( aoot|e: ì l ººc |o
saµµo:t|og oava| |o:ces , . T||:teeo |ac |eeo
||||ec, :· woaocec.
P :es|ceot)o|osoo|os|stst|atcoaaao|ststoo|
ove:a ¨poµa|a::evo|t¨ |ot|eDoa|o|caokeµa|·
||c. lacts, |oweve:, attest t|at coaaao|sts
p|aooect|e:evo|t ,aoct|atooe|eace:|ot|ecoa·
aao|st µ|ot was )aao ßosc|,( 14 ) t|e aao w|oa
Keooec··)o|osoo µo||c|es |e|µec to µowe: |o
l º´· , t|e aao oo w|oa Keooec· aoc )o|osoo
|av|s|ec µ:a|se aoc a|c, t|e aao w|ose soc|a||st
c|ctato:s||µ P:es|ceot )o|osoo aµµa:eot|· waots
:e·esta|||s|ec|ot|eDoa|o|caokepa|||c.
We aoc Doa|o|caos woa|c |ave |eeo |o·
ao|te|· |ette: oû || we |ac |e|tt|ea aoc t|e|:
p:o·Aae:|caoc|ctato:a|ooetoaaoaget|e|:owo
aûa|:s. ßat £|seo|owe:·Keooec··)o|osoo µo||t|·
ca| |ote:veot|oo |e|µec c:eate cooc|t|oos w||c|
aaceoa:a|||ta:· .ote:veot|oo oecessa:·.
Coce |ote:veot|oo was o:ce:ec, |ts|oalc |ave
|eeo :o|ast aoc ao||a|tec. Iosteac, oa: t:ooµs
we:e|o|t|a||·|aoc|caµpec |·:est:|ct|oosto|eeµ
t|ea |:oa aµµea:|og agg:ess|ve. T|e· coa|c oot
s|ootao|esss|otati:st. !|e·we:eµe:a|ttecto
ase oo|· ¨|aoc·|e|c weaµoos¨ |o:||cceo to
ase|eav·weaµooso:tao|s.!|e·coa|coot||ow
aµ |oases t||ec w|t| so|µe:s w|o we:e |||||og
t|ea.(15)
W|eo oa: t:ooµs a:e o:ce:ec to |att|e, t|e·
s|oa|c |e µe:a|ttec to ase t|e|: aost eûect|ve
weaµoos aoctact|cs. T|e· s|oa|cag|t as Lo|tec
:tates so|c|e:s, |o: c|ea:|··ceaoec Lo|tec :tates
o|j ect|ves. G|v|og ao |ote:oat|ooa| o:gao|zat|oo
any coot:o|ove:t|ea|ss|ooo:tact|cso|oa:ag|t·
|ogaeo w||| cost as ||ooc aoc t:easa:e. It w|||
µ:eveot qa|c|, cec|s|ve act|oo. It w||| µ:o||||t
cooceot:at|oo oo µ:oaot|og United States |ote:·
ests. lt coa|c eveotaate |o a s|taat|oo |a: wo:se
t|aot|eooew||c| µ:oaµtec oa: |ote:veot|oo|o
t|e a:stp|ace.
* * * * *
Bound Vol umes
ßoaoc vo|aaes |o:t|e ·ea:s l º´:, l º´·, aoc
l º´!a:e st||| ava||a||e.
!|e vo|aaes cost sl c. cc eac|, ce||ve:ec. lo:
ao·ooe w|o waots a ca:e|a||··|ocexec :e|e:eoce
|oo|oot|eaost|aµo:taotsa|j ects o|oa: t|ae,
t|e:e|soo|ette:|a:ga|o.
lot|e 1964 |oao! vo|ace, ·oa cao cete:c.oe
|oweve:·aec|e:o|t|eoat|ooa|Coog:essvote!
ooc:|t|ca|:o|| ca||st|:oag|oatt|esecoocsess|oo
o|t|e ººt| Coog:ess. !|e:e a:e |:|e|, |ac|c c|s·
cass|ooso(t|e|ssaes|ovo|vec|ot|evot.og, aoc
WHO I S DA N S MO O T ?
Born in Missouri, reared in Texas, Dan Smoot went to SMU getting BA and MA degrees, 1938 and 1940. In
19
4
1 , he joined the faculty at Harvard as a Teaching Fellow, doing graduate work for a doctorate in American civili­
zation. From 19
4
2 to 1951, he was an FBI agent : three and a half years on communist investigations; two years on
FBI headquarters staf; almost four years on general FBI cases in various places. He resigned from the FBI and,
from 1951 to 1955, was commentator on national radio and television programs, giving both sides of controversial
issues. In July, 1955, he started his present proft-supported, free-enterprise business : publishing The Dan Smool
Report, a weekly magazine available by subscription; and producing a weekly news-analysis radio and television
broadcast, available for sponsorship by reputable busines frms, as an advertising vehicle. The Report and broadct
give one side of important issues : the side that presents documented truth using the American Constitution as a yard­
stick. If you think Smoot's materials are efective against socialism and communism, you can help immensely-help get
subribers for the Report, commercial sponsors for the brodcast.
Page 159
:a|a|a:|oos g:vag :|e :a:|ogs w||c| eac| cec·
|e:o|Coog:essea:oe1|·:|ewa·|es:oo1aµ:o
|e coao:e1 T|e:e a:e |asc|oa:|og accoao:s o|
Lo|oo Te::o:|sc, o| :aµ:ece Coa:: eûo::s :o
oa:|+v Go1 |:ocµa|||c|| |e |o :|eLo|:e1::a:es,
o| eûo::s :o :a|e :|e Paoaca Caoa| awa· |:oc
:|eLo|:e1::a:es,o|:|eLo|:e1N+:|oosl:ao|eo·
s:e|o, o| :|e iº:! e|ec:|oos, ao1 o| cao· o:|e:
sa|j ec:s
T|ei º:ª|oao1vo|acecoo:a|oscocµac:, µ:e·
c|se|··o:gao|ze1, oo:|e·sceoe |o|o:ca:|oo a|oa:
:|eAssass|oa:|oo|oDa||asao1a|oa::|e|+c|·
was| o| :|a: g:|c aûa|: How C||oa coa|1 |e
se: |:ee |:oc coccao|sc, |ow a:|ao :eoewa|
|s µ:oco:|og a :ov|e: Ace:|ca, |ow oa: :ax
cooe·|sµa·|og|o:soc|a||scao1ao:|·Ace:|cao·
|sc :|:oag|oa: :|e wo:|1, |ow |aw|ess gove:o·
ceo: |sg:ow|og |o :|eLo|:e1::a:es :|ese a:ea
|ew o| :|ecao· :oµ|cs1|scasse1 |o :|e i º:ª ao·
oaa| o| :||s Report.
Acoog :|e cos: ase|a| ao1 w|1e|··:ea1 Re­
ports |o:|e iº:. |oao1vo|ace a:e ¨T|e We|·
|a:e kac|e:,¨ ¨ße:||o ao1 Ca|a,¨ ¨I: He|µs To
ße A Coccao|s:,¨ ¨T|e H|ss|ss|µµ| T:age1·,¨
¨Coogo Io::|gae,¨ ¨P:og:ess|ve L1aca:|oo,¨ ao1
¨::a||e1loT|eßac|CoT|eloa::|C|)a|· ¨
ßoao1vo|aces |o: a|| ·ea:s µ:|o: :o i º:. a:e
so|1 oa: ao1 caooo: |e :eµ:|o:e1. I| ·oa 1o oo:
|ave:|e:|:eevo|acess:|| | ava||a||e ( i º:., i º:ª,
i º:!, , o:1e::|ec:o1a·. I|·oa a|:ea1·|ave:|e
volaces|o:·oa:owoase,|e:asseo1:|ecas·oa:
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P:|ce si c cc eac|, 1e||ve:e1 ( sic .c, || o:·
1e:e1 |o Texas |o: Texas 1e||ve:·, . :ee o:1e:
||+o|a::|e|o::oco|:||sµage.
FOOTNOTES
( 1 ) Tmjillo: The Last Caesar, by General Arturo EspaiIIat, Henry
Regnery Co., Chicago, 1 963, 192 pp., price: $4. 95
( 2 ) Special to the Times from Washington, The New York Times,
July 14, 1 960, pp. I , 1 0
( 3 ) Special t o the Times from Washington, by John W. Finney,
The New York Times, Jul y 30, 1960, p. 4
( 4) For information on Betancourt's communist record, see material
by U. S. Representative John H. Rousselot ( Rep. , Cal if. ) in
Congressional Records, September 23, 1 961 ( pp. 19674-9) ,
February 26, 1962 ( pp. 2703-7 ) , July 1 1 , 1962 ( pp. 1 2288-94) ,
daily editions; U. S. Representative Wi l liam C. Cramer ( Rep.,
Fla. ) , COllgressional Recol'ds, October 1 3, 1 962 ( pp. An02- 3 ) ,
and February 7. 1963 ( PI'. 1 870-2 ) , dai ly editions; U. S.
Representative Henry C. Schadeberg ( Rep., Wise. ) , Congl'es­
sional Record, February 1 8, 1963, pp. 2335- 6 ( daily) ; U. S.
Representative John M. Ashbrook ( Rep., Ohio) , COIKressiolal
Record. February 2 1 , 1963, pp. 2548-9 ( dai ly ) ; U. S. Repre­
sentative R. Walter Riehlman ( Rep. , N. Y. ) , Congressional
Rum·d, February 25, 1963, pp. 2810- 3 ( daily ) .
( 5 ) UPI story from Washington, The Dallas M01lillg News, August
27, 1960
( 6) Special to the News from Santo Domingo, by Thayer Waldo,
The Dalias M01iIlK News, December 18, 1 961 , p. 9
( 7 ) "Washington Whispers," U. S. News & World Report, April
22, 1963, p. 19
( 8 ) AP from Santo Domingo, The Dallas Times Herald, February
27, 1963, p. 6A
( 9) "Bosch: A Man of Controversy." by Ken Thompson, The Dal­
las M01ing News, May 8, 1 965, See. 4, p. 2
( 10 ) AP story from Washington, The Dallas Times Hel'ald, April 29,
1 965, PI. lA, 17 A
( 1 1 ) AP story by John Hightower, The Dallas M01ing News( April
30, 1965, Sec. I, p. 1 5
( 1 2 ) AP story from Santo Domingo, The Dallas Times Herald,
April 30, 1965, pp. l A, 1 7A
( 1 3 ) Walter Lippmann column, The Dallas Morning News, May 6,
1 965, Sec. 2, p. 8
( 14) "Full Story of Caribbean War: How Reds Plotted a Take­
Over," U. S. News & World Report, May 10, 1965, pp. 32- 5
( 1 5 ) U. S. News & World Repol·t, May 1 7, 1965, p. 34
( 1 6 ) For a general history of the Dominican Republic through
1 960, see Encyclopedia Americana, Volume IX, 1961 edition,
pp. 243-247b.
NAME (Please Print)
STREET ADDRESS
CITY STATE ZIP CODE
(Texans Add 2% for Sales Tax)
THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, BOX 95 38, DALLAS, TEXAS 75214 TAYLOR 1-2303
Page 1 60

·
´
ÏMË
Ifi Smoot leport
Vol. I I , No. 21 (Broadcast 509) May 24, 1 965 Dallas, Texas
DAN SMOOT
OUR LABOR LAWS
toHa:c|.º, i º:·, t|eL. :. :a¡:eaeCoa:t |ao1e1 1owo 1ec|s|oos |o t|:ee |a|o:·aaoage-
aeot :e|at|oos cases
( i , THL AHLkICAN :HIP ßLILDING CCHPANY CA:L Io lº´l , t|e coa¡ao· was
aoa||e to oegot|ate a oew coot:act w|t| e|g|t ao|oos :e¡:eseot|og ea¡|o·ees. 1|e ao|oos
waote1tocoot|oaeoegot|at|oosaot||a|1·w|ote:,w||c||st|e|as|estt|aeo|·ea:|o:t|ecoa¡ao·.
1|ecoa¡ao· (w||c||a1 eo1a:e1 ave st:||es |oo|oe·ea:s, |ea:e1t|at||oegot|at|ooscoot|oae1,
t|e ao|oos woa|1 ca|| a st:||e at t|e wo:st ¡oss|||e t|aet|e ¡ea| seasoo o| t|e coa¡ao· s
||g||· seasooa| o¡e:at|oos 1o o|v|ate t||s catas::o¡|e, t|ecoa¡ao·c|ose1 |ts s||¡·a:1 T||sex·
e:te1 sac| ecoooa|c ¡:essa:e t|at t|e ao|oos ag:ee1toaoewcoot:act ( |oCcto|e:, i º:i , . T|e
NLkß (Nat|ooa| La|o: ke|at|oos ßoa:1, |oao1 t|e coa¡ao· ga||t· o| | ||ega| |oc|oat. T|e :a·
¡:eae Coa:t :eve:se1 t|e NLkß, aoao|aoas|· |o|1|ogt|at,w|eo|a:ga|o|ogsta|eaates, ao ea·
¡|o·e:aa· c|ose ||s¡|aottoexe:t ecoooa|c ¡:essa:eoo ao|oos.( 1 )
( . , CAkL:ßAD GkCCLkY :TCkL CA:L Io iº:c, Loca| +:. o| t|e keta|| C|e:|s Iote:·
oat|ooa| Assoc|at|oo ca||e1 a st:||e aga|ost ooe o|s|xCa:|s|a1,NewHex|co,g:oce:·sto:esw|t|
w||c| t|e ao|oo was t:·|og to oegot|ate |a|o: coot:acts. T|e ot|e: sto:es :ecogo|ze1 t||s as a
1|v|1e·ao1·cooqae:, w||¡saw st:||e T|e· c|ose1 t|e|: 1oo:s, |oc|e1 oat ao|oo aea|e:s, ao1 :e·
o¡eoe1 w|t| ooo·ao|oo ea¡|o·ees T|e NLkß :a|e1 t|e sto:es ga||t· o| |||ega| |oc|oat. T|e
:a¡:eae Coa:t :eve:se1 t|eNLkß :a||og( 1 )
( 3 ) DAkLINGTCN HANLlACTLkING CCHPANY CA:L Io iº·:, t|e Aae:|cao tex·
t||e |o1ast:· was |o |a1 s|a¡e|ecaase o| gove:oaeota| ¡o||c|es w||c| ase1 Aae:|cao tax
aooe· to sa|s|1|ze|a||1|ogao1 aa|oteoaoceo|text||ea|||s |o |o:e|go |ao1s , w||c| eoa||e1 ao·
oo¡o||st|c ao|oos to |a¡ose |a|o: costs a|oat .c t|aes g:eate: t|ao |a|o: costs |o |o:e|go text||e
a|||s , w||c|aa1eAae:|cao cottoo ava||a||eto |o:e|goa|||sat¡:|ces|e|oww|atAae:|caoa|||s
THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, a magazine published every week by The Dan Smoot Report, Inc., mail·
ing address P. O. Box 9538, Lakewood Station, Dallas, Texas 75214; Telephone TAylor 1 ·2303 (office
address 6441 Gaston Avenue) . Subscription rates: $1 0.00 a year, $6.00 for 6 months, $1 8.00 for two years.
For frst class mail $1 2.50 a year; by airmail (including APO and FPO) $1 4.50 a year. Reprints of speifc
issues: 1 copy for 25¢; 6 for $1 .00; 50 for $5.50; 1 00 for $l O.OO-each price for bulk mailing to one person.
Add 2% sales tax on all orders originating in Texas for Texas delivery.
Copyright by Dan Smoot, 1965. Second class mail privilege authorized at Dallas, Texas.
No Reproductions Permtted.
Page 161
paid. In October, iº·:, a textile mill in South
Carolina-Darlington Manufacturing Company
-decided to give up. The stockholders voted to
sell its assets and go out of business. Meanwhile,
the Textile Union was trying to organize the
plant. In an election, the union, by a margin of
eight votes, won bargaining ri ghts for Darling­
ton's ª i · employees. The sale of Darlington's
assets was made at public auction shortly after
the election.
( 2 )
The NLRB ruled that the mill had been closed
because Roger Milliken ( President of Darlington
and owner of ·<- of its stock) disliked unions.
Holding that there was sufcient common owner­
ship of the Darlington mill by Deering Milliken
& Company and related corporations to make
them all responsible for Darlington employees
thrown out of work, the NLRB ordered the Deer­
ing Milliken textile group to give back pay to
Darlington employees until they had obtained
equivalent jobs with other companies or in other
Deering Milliken mills. The company appealed.
The NLRB upheld the union position on four
diferent occasions. Eventually, the U. S. Fourth
Circuit Court of Appeals was asked to order en­
forcement of the NLRB ruling. The Appeals
Court refused, saying that even if the Darlington
mill had closed for anti-union reasons,
"to go out of business in toto, or to discontinue
it in part, permanently at any time, we think
was Darlington'S absolute prerogative."
On March .º, i º:·, the U. S. Supreme Court,
in a :·c ruling, returned the case to the NLRB
and the Circuit Court for a decision on whether
the Darlington Manufacturing Company had anti­
union motives in closing its plant. The Supreme
Court held that an employer has an absolute right
to terminate his entire business for any reason he
pleases, but does not have a right to close part
of his business "if motivated by a purpose to chill
unionism i n any of the remaining plants of the
single employer." ( 1
, 3)
I
n a free society, the right of an employer to
quit business should be as unlimited as the right
of an employee to quit work. Hence, the two
March .º, iº:· , Supreme Court decisions afrm­
ing the right of employers to close their plants
rather than give in to union demands make sense,
Yet, they directly contradict previous Supreme
Court fndings on this same point. The Court's
Darlington Manufacturing Company decision­
holding that an employer may quit enti rely but
may not stop part of his operations-compounds
the confusion.
What ri ghts do employers have under federal
labor laws, as administered and interpreted by
the NLRB and the federal courts ? No one knows.
An employer may appeal an NLRB decision to
a higher level of the Board itself. Eventually, he
may appeal to a federal court. The court mav
hear the appeal, or reject it and leave the employ­
er at the mercy of the NLRB. When a case gets
into the federal courts, no one can guess what
will happen. The Supreme Court may or may not
hear the case on fnal appeal. The Court may up­
hold, or overturn an NLRB ruling. The Court
may decide in one case the opposite of what it
had previously decided in a similar case. Some­
times, the NLRB reverses itself.
The only consistency in the administration and
ad j udication of federal labor laws is the i llegal
use of government power. All federal labor laws
are unconstitutional, because the Constitution
grants the federal government no power to inter­
vene in labor-management afairs. Federal labor
laws are also discriminatory, favoring monopo­
listic unionism, granting special privileges to
union organizations.
J he basic federal labor law is the National
Labor Relations Act ( Public Law :+· i ºº. signed
by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on July · ,
l ºª · , generally called the Wagner Act ) . The
Taft-Hartley Act of i º+:and the Landrum-Grif­
fn Act of iº·º amended the Wagner Act, but
did not alter basic purposes.
The Wagner Act created the NLRB to help
achieve the purposes of the law. A basic, stated
purpose was to encourage collective bargaining.
The law, and the agency established to admin-
Page 162
.ste: .t, |ave |eeo ase1 to enforce co||ect.ve |a:·
gaaag.
Wo:|e:sw|o waot to |ao1 toget|e: ao1 |a:
ga.o co||ect.ve|· s|oa|1 oot |e 1eo.e1 t|e :.g|t
to 1oso |atw|eogove:oaeotforces wo:|e:sto
|a:ga.o co||ect.ve|·, .t 1eo.es t|ea t|e :.g|t to
|a:ga.oas .o1.v.1aa|s Gove:oaeot·eo|o:ce1 co|·
|ect.ve|a:ga.o.ogst:.µsawo:|e:o||.s.o1.v.1a·
a|.t·as a|aaao|e.og loa |.gao.oo.ze1 µ|aot,
aaaocaoootµat.oext:aeûo:tw.t|t|e|oµeo|
gett.oga|ea1oo |.s ae:.t Hecaoootgo1. :ect|v
to |. sowo eaµ|o·e: to aa|e a coaµ|a.oto: as|
|o: a :a.se He gets a ao.|o:a :a.se, a|oog w.t|
a|| ot|e:wo:|e:sa :a.se v|.c| |e |a1 oo µa:t
.ooegot.at.ogao1w|.c|aa·|aveoo :e|at.ooto
|.s .o1.v.1aa| wo:t| as ao eaµ|o·ee
Lo1e: |e1e:a| |av ao1 NLkß ¡:act.ces, ao
eaµ|o·e:,.oaao.oo.ze1µ|aot,w|og.ves|.sowo
eaµ|o·eesa:a.se,w.t|oata:stgett.ogµe:a.ss.oo
|:oa ao.oo oac.a|s, cao |e |oao1 ga. |t· o| t|e
ao|a.: |a|o: µ:act.ce o| ta|.og ao.|ate:a| wage
act.oo T|e NLkß |as eveo |oao1 eaµ|o·e:s
ga.|t· o| ao|a.: |a|o: µ:act.ces |o: g.v.og wage
:a.ses to eaµ|o·ees .o coaµao.es w|e:e ea
µ|o·ees 1ooot|e|oogto aao.oo, ao1 |aveaa1e
.t eaµ|at.ca||· c|ea: .o ao e|ect.oo t|at t|e·
1o oot vaot a ao.oo to :eµ:eseot t|ea
Lo.oooac.a|scooteo1,ao1t|eNLkßomc.a||·
ag:ees, t|at
"The natural efect of unilateral wage action
is to undermine the union by demonstrating to
the employees that they don't need a union to
secure economic benefts o e o
Co t|e ot|e: |ao1, t|eNLkß |as :a|e1 t|at
a ao.oo, as ao eaµ|o·e:, .o |ao1|.og .ts owo
eaµ|o·ee aûa.:s, cao eogage .o µ:act.ces w|.c|
t|e NLkß ca||s ao|a.: .| eogage1 .o |· ot|e:
eaµ|o·e:s.
Chaos and I ni ustice
A |ew cases . ||ast:atet|ec|aos ao1 .oj ast.ce
caase1 |· aocoost|tat.ooa| gove:oaeo: ae11i.og
.o |a|o:·aaoageaeot aûa.:s
Co )aoaa:· 28, l º· · , t|e New Yo:| News·
µaµe:Ga.|1st:ac| ooe o| t|eo|1est oewsµaµe:s
.o Aae:.ca, t|eBrooklyn Eagle, a 1a.|·
Co ma:c| l :, i º· · , t|e owoe:·µa||.s|e: sas·
µeo1e1 µa||. cat.oo, sa·.og t|e ao.oo's wage 1e·
aao1swoa|1|ao|:aµtt|eEagle. T|eoewsµaµe:
so|1 .ts assets ao1 µa.1 .ts 1e|ts T|e ao.oo
1eaao1e1 t|at t|e 1e|aoctco:µo:at.oo g.ve sev·
e:aoceao1 vacat.oo µa·to ª l · eaµ|o·ees, w|ose
j o|s t|e ao.oo |a1 1est:o·e1
lo Aµ:.|, lº·:, t|e New Yo:| :tate Coa:t o|
Aµµea|s :a|e1 t|att|eco:µo:at.oo |a1 to sa|a.t
to NLkß a:|.t:at.oo T|e co:µo:at.oo aµµea|e1
to t|e L : :aµ:eae Coa:t, w|.c| :e|ase1 to
:ev.ew t|e case
T|e 1.sµate, t|e:e|o:e, weot to t|e NLkß |o:
ioa| 1ec.s.oo T|ea:|.te: w|oa NLkß se|ecte1
wasHW.||a:1W.:tz (t|eoaµ:o|esso:atNo:t|·
weste:o Lo.ve:s.t·, oow L : :ec:eta:· o|
La|o:,.
Cole|:aa:·· , lº·º,t|eunion aoooaoce1t|at
P:o|esso: W.:tz |a1 o:1e:e1 t|e ooo·ex.steot
BfOoklyn Eagle to µa· ao.oo aea|e:s oea:|· a
a.||.oo 1o| |a:s .o seve:aoce ao1 vacat.oo µa·.
P:o|esso: W.:tz 1eo.e1 t|e |o:ae: µa||.s|e: s
coaote: c|a.a |o: two a.| |.oo 1o||a:s 1aaages
|:oat|e ao.oow|.c||a1 1:.veo t|e µaµe: oat
o| |as.oess
A ao.oo |a1 a coot:act, as |a:ga.o.og ageot
|o: eaµ|o·ees, w.t| Caa|e: :tate C. | keao.og
Coaµao· W|eo t|e coot:act µe:.o1 was oea:
ao eo1, aaoageaeot ao1 ao.oo oac.a|s eote:e1
oegot.at.oos |o: :eoewa| Lo.oo oac.a|s aa1e
1eaao1sw|.c| t|ecoaµao·coos.1e:e1 :a.ooas
Negot.at.oos 1ea1|oc|e1 T|e o|1 coot:act ex·
µ. :e1 |e|o:e a oew ooewas aa1e lo t|.s case.
coaµao· oac.a|s too| t|e .o.t.at.ve to sa· ¨oo
coot:act,oowo:|. ¨T|e·c|ose1 t|eµ|aot. Lo.oo
oac.a|s ca||e1 t|. s a |oc|oat, ao1 accase1 t|e
coaµao· o| ao|a.: |a|o: µ:act.ces T|e NLkß
|oao1 t|ecoaµao· ga.|t· as accase1 T|e coa-
¡ao· a¡¡ea|e1 to t|e coa:ts.( 7)
Co Decea|e: 7, l º·º, t|e :aµ:eae Coa:t
Page 163
aµ|e|c t|e NLkß aoc |owe: coa:ts.( 7
)
T||s ce-
c|s|oo was c|:ect|y coot:ac|ctec |ytwo :aµ:eae
Coa:tcec|s|oosooma:c|.º, i º:· , as aeot|ooec
|e|o:e.(1,3)
A ao|oo |ac a coot:act as |a:ga|o|og ageot
|o: ßostoo Gas Coaµaoy eaµ|oyees aaoy o|
w|oa c|s|||ec t|e ao|oo, aoc :eseotec |e|og
|o:cec to |e|oog aoc µay caes. Io iº:c, |e|o:e
t|e ao|oo coot:act exµ|:ec, ·c µe:ceot o| t|e
eaµ|oyees µet|t|ooec |o:acece:t|ûcat|ooe|ect|oo
to cete:a|oe w|et|e: a aaj o:|ty o| eaµ|oyees
waotec to get :|c o| t|e ao|oo. T|e NLkß
g:aotec t|eµet|t|oo, |at t|eao|ooaµµea|ec, aoc
t|e e|ect|oo was oot |e|c ße|o:e ot|e: |ega|
steµs we:e ta|eo, t|e L|seo|owe: aca|o|st:at|oo
was :eµ|acec |y t|e Keooecy aca|o|st:at|oo
P:es|ceotKeooecyaµµo|otec aoNLkß aea|e:
eveo ao:e |:|eoc|y to ao|oo omc|a|s t|ao t|ose
aµµo|otec |y P:es|ceot L|seo|owe:. T|e NLkß,
µ:ev|oas|y|oowoast|e¨£|seo|owe:ßoa:c,¨|e·
caaet|e ¨Keooecy ßoa:c. ¨T|eKeooecyßoa:c
:eve:sect|e£|seo|owe:ßoa:c|ot|eßostooGas
Coaµaoy case, :a||og t|at eaµ|oyees |ac oo
:|g|tto a cece:t|ûcat|oo e|ect|oo.''
\ |eo Ioc|aoa |ac a :|g|t·to·wo:| |aw,
i !,ccc Geoe:a| moto:s eaµ|oyees |o t|at state
:e|asec to j o|oWa|te: keat|e:'s LA W. keat|e:
t:|ec to oegot|ate ao ageocy·s|oµ c|aase |o ||s
coot:act w|t| Gm, so t|at t|e i !,ccc woa|c |e
|o:cectoµayao|oocaeseveot|oag|t|eywoa|c
oot j o|ot|e ao|oo Gm :e|asec LAW accasec
Gm o| ao|a|: |a|o: µ:act|ces aoc too| t|e case
to t|e NLkß. La:|y |o i º:i , w|||e |t was st| ||
t|e ¨£|seo|owe: ßoa:c,¨ t|e NLkß :a|ec | o
|avo: o| t|e i !,ccc eaµ|oyees Io :eµtea|e:,
i º:i , t|e NLkß ( oow t|e ¨Keooecy ßoa:c¨ ,
:eve:sec t|eµ:ev|oasNLkß :a||ogaoc sa|c t|at
Gm aastg:aot t|eageocy·s|oµ ag:eeaeot Geo·
e:a| moto:s aµµea|ec. Iojaoe, i º:., t|eIece:a|
Coa:t o| Aµµea|s |o C|oc|ooat| :eve:sec t|e
NLkß. T|e aµµea|s coa:t sa|c, |o eûect, t|at
Geoe:a|moto:s c|1 oot|avetog:aotaoageocy·
s|op ag:eeaeot |o Ioc|aoa keat|e: s LAW ap-
¡ea|ec to t|e :a¡:eae Coa:t. Co )aoe ·, i º:·,
t|e :a¡:eae Coa:t ove:ta:oec t|e Coa:t o|
Aµµea|s cec|s|oo, :a||og, |o eûect, t|at Geoe:a|
moto:saastg|vekeat|e:t|eageocy·s|oµag:ee-
aeot io Ioc|aoa.(8)
to)a|y.¯, iº·º,t|eI||:e|oa:cPaµe:P:oc·
acts Coaµaoy ||:ec ao |oceµeoceot coot:acto:
tocoaa|oteoaocewo:|atI||:e|oa:c s:aoI:ao·
c|scoµ|aot.T|ecoaµaoytoo|t||sact|oo|oo:ce:
to save s..· ,ccc cc a yea: T|e Lo|tec :tee|·
wo:|e:s o| Aae:|ca coaµ|a|oec t|at g:aot|og
aa|oteoaocewo:|toaooats|ceû:awoa|ct|:ow
¯· I||:e|oa:c eaµ|oyees oat o| wo:|.(9)
Co ma:c| .¯, i º:i , t|e L|seo|owe: NLkß
:a|ec t|at I||:e|oa:c |ac t|e :|g|t to cec|ce
w|o woa|c co µ|aot aa|oteoaoce wo:|.( 9)
Co A¡:|| i ·, i º:., t|e Keooecy NLkß :e-
ve:sec t|e ma:c| .¯, iº:i, I||:e|oa:c cec|·
s|oo.(10) Keooecy sNLkßo:ce:ec I||:e|oa:c to
co |ts owo aa|oteoaoce wo:|, aoc to :e||:e t|e
|a|c-oûao|ooaea|e:saocg|vet|ea|ac|µay.(9)
Co Decea|e: i !, i º:!, t|e L : :aµ:eae
Coa:t |o a aoao|aoas cec|s|oo, aµ|e|c t|e i º:.
NLkß cec|s|oo aga|ost I||:e|oa:c.
(11)
¡ot|ecaseo|t|ekoya| P|at|ogaocPo||s||og
Coaµaoyo|Newa:|,New)e:sey, ooeageocy o|
gove:oaeot (t|e Newa:| Hoas|og Aat|o:|ty,
|o:cec t|e coaµaoy to c|ose |ts µ|aot , aoc t|eo
aoot|e: ageocy o| gove:oaeot (t|e NLkß,
|oaoc t|e coaµaoy ga| |ty o| ao ao|.|: |a|o:
µ:act|ce |o: c|os|og
(12)
T|e µ|aot was |ocatec |o ao a:ea w||c| t|e
Hoas|og Aat|o:|ty |ac se|ectec |o: :eceve|oµ-
aeot. T|e Aat|o:|ty gave oot|ce t|at |t woa|c
cooûscatet|eµ|aot,|ycooceaoat|oo||oecessa:y.
lo i º:., t|e Hoas|og Aat|o:|ty too| a ºc·cay
oµt|oo to |ay t|e s|te, aoc t|e coaµaoy |egao
||qa|cat|ogt|e|as|oess,:e|asiogoew o:ce:saoc
g:acaa||y|ay|ogoueap|oyees.Att|eeoco|t|e
ºc-cay oµt|oo pe:|oc, t|e p|aot was c|osec.
(12)
Page 16
T|eAlL-CICmeta|Po||s|e:sLc|oc, Loca| !!
( w||c| |ac |ac a coot:act w|t| t|e coaµacy
s|oce l º!¯ ) , accasec t|e coaµacy o| ac ac|a|:
|a|o: µ:act|ce, |ecaase |t c|osec w|t|oat coc·
sa|t|ogao|oc omc|a|s T|e ac|oc cocteocec t|at
t|e coaµacy a|g|t |ave aacagec to stay |c
|as|oessaoot|e:s|xaoct|sT|eNLkß|e|ct|e
coaµaoyga||tyas accasec,o:ce:|og|ttocoaµec·
satea||c|sc|a:gec eaµ|oyees |o:wages t|eyc|c
ootea:oca:|cgt|es|xaoot|sw|ect|ecoaµaoy
a|g|t |ave stayec |c |as|oess
(1
2
)
tc Aµ:|| · , l º·!, Wa|te: keat|e:'s LAW-
CIC st:ac| t|e Ko||e: ( µ|aa||og wa:e, Coa-
µaoy, o| Ko||e:, W|scoos|o T|e LAW aassec
|aµo:tecµ|c|ets att|egateso|t|eKo||e:µ|act,
acc |cst|:atec a t:a|c o|v|o|eccew|.c| :esa|tec
|o aa:ce:, vacca||sa, a:soo, |oycott, acc te::o:·
|sa aga|ost |ococect µeoµ|e T|e ev|cect o|j ect
o| t|e s::||e was oot to get acyt||og |o: t|e
wo:|e:s at t|e Ko||e: µ|act, |at to ||acgeoo
Ko||e:|cto|o:c|cg||s eaµ|oyees |ctot|eLAW,
a|te: t|e eaµ|oyees |ac aace |t ve:y c|ea: t|at
t|ey c|cootwaotto j o|ot|eac|oo.
CoAagast .:, l º:c, t|e NLkß :a|ec aga|ost
Ko||e:aoc|c|avo:o|t|eLc|tecAatoWo:|e:s
ocaost .ssaes |c t|es|x·yea:·o|c st:||e, o:ce:|cg
Ko||e:to:e|cstateoea:|ya||st:||e:s :a|seqaect-
|y, a L : Coa:t o| Aµµea|s aµ|e|c t|e l º:c
NLkß :a||cg, |atas|ec t|eßoa:cto:ev|ewt|e
caseso|wo:|e:s oot :e||:ec.(1
3)
Co :eµtea|e: .º, l º:!, t|e NLkß o:ce:ec
Ko||e:to oûe: j o|s aoc wages |ac| to jaoaa:y,
l º:., to · : st:||e:s oot cove:ec |y t|e l º:c
NLkß:a||ogT|eKo||e:Coaµacy|asaµµea|ec
to t|e L. : Coa:t o| Aµµea|s at Was||ogtoo,
D. C, cot|cg t|at t|e c|sa|ssec eaµ|oyees |ac
|eecga||tyo|ao|aw|a|coocact|ovo|v|cgaseo|
|o:ce, v|o|ecce, aoc |ct|a|cat|oo aga|ost ooo-
st:|||cg eaµ|oyees.(
1
3)
to jaoaa:y .c, l º:!, t|e NLkß ( |c acot|e:
case|ovo|v|ogkeatae:sLAW\ :alectaatac|ocs
|ave t|e |ega| :|g|t to aa|e aoc eo|o:ce t|e|:
owc ¨|ote:ca| :a|es ¨ T||s aeacs t|at ac|oo
omc|a|s, |ac|ec |y |ece:a| |aw, cac coot:o| t|e
wo:||og||ves o| ac|oc aea|e:s, w|o cac oeve:
aµµea||o::e||e|||t|ey|ee|a|asec|yt|eao|oos.
:µec|aca||y, t|e NLkß :a|ec ( |c t||s jaoaa:y,
l º:!,cec|s|oo, t|+tao|ocomc|a|s|aveµowe:to
set µ:ocact|oo ||a|ts o| wo:|e:s |c ao|oo|zec
µ|acts, aocµowe:to aceaoyac|ocaea|e:w|a
µ:ocaces ao:e t|ac ac|oc omc|a|s wact ||a to
µ:ocace(14)
Io le|:aa:y, l º:!, a t:|a| exaa|ce: o| t|e
NLkß :a|ec t|at, s|cce ao|oo omc|a|s cao ûce
aea|e:s |o: ove:·µ:ocac|og, t|ey cao a|so ûoe
aea|e:s |o: c:oss|cg µ|c|et ||oes to wo:|.
(1
4
)
toma:c| l l , l º:·, :eµ:esectat|veso|seve:a|
ac|ocs cegot|at|cg w|t| t|e K|cgsµo:t P:ess
( K| cgsµo:t, Tecoessee, :ej ectec coaµacy oûe:s,
:e|as|cg to sa|a|t t|e oûe:s to wo:|e:s |o: a
vote Lo|oo omc|a|s ca||ec a geoe:a| st:||e aoc
cec|a:ec ecocoa|c wa:|a:e oc t|e coaµacy acc
oowo:|e:sw|oceaecac|ooo:ce:s.( 1
5)
Laµ|oyees o| coaµao|es w||c| co |as|oess
w|t| t|e P:ess we:e t|:eateoec acc |ot|a|catec
aµoc ecte:|cg acc |eav|cg coaµaoy g:oaocs.( 1
5)
P:ess eaµ|oyees, aoc t|e|: |aa|||es, we:e sa|-
j ectec to t|:eats aoc v|o|ecce Cccaµ|ec |oaes,
sc|oo| |ases, aoc aatoao|||es we:e :|cc|ec w|t|
|a||e:sT|:eswe:es|as|ec,s+ga:caapea|cgaso·
||ce tao|s, |oases aoc ca:s sµ|as|ec w|t| µa|ct,
µeoµ|e acc µ:oµe:ty µe|tec w|t| :oc|s aoc ga:-
|age, |oaes |oa|ec w|:| ao|otov coc|ta||s ( 1:)
A|te: ao:e t|ao :cc |cc|cects o| v|o|eoce,
ao|oosµo|esaeosa|c.
"If the company had not insisted on operating
its plant in spite of the strike of its workers,
would there have been any violence? It is a com­
pliment to those involved that there has been
so little violence considering the great provoca­
tion and the emotionally-charged atmosphere
which is common in any strike situation."( 1
5)
T|e K|ogsµo:t P:ess |as aaoagec to :eµ|ace
cos: o| the striking workers. Thoug| st:|||cg
ac|ooaea|e:s|ave|eeooato|wo:||o:alaost
Pag 165
two ye+:s, t|eac|ocs:eiaseto cocs|ce: coa¡+cy
coct:+ct ¡:o¡os+|s +cc +:e cow cea+cc|cg t|+t
t|ecoa¡+cyc|sc|+:ge|tscewea¡|oyeestoa+|e
:ooa io: :etc:c|cg st:||e:s, |i +cc w|ec ot|e:
|ssces +:e :eso|vec
l J5)
1c i º· i , t|e NLkß, |c + c+se |cvo|v|cg t|e
Decve: ßc||c|cg Cocst:cct|oc T:+ces Coccc||,
:c|ect|+t|tw+saci+|:|+|o:¡:+ct|ceio:+ac|oc,
|c + c|s¡cte w|t| oce sc|coct:+cto: oi +c |c·
cast:|+| s|te, to ¡|c|et +cc ¡:evect ea¡|oyees oi
ot|e: sc|coct:+cto:s i:oa wo:||cg.
(
16
)
Ic l º:!, t|e L : :a¡:eae Coa:t ( |c Carrier
Corporation versus the United Steelworkers of
America) , |c eûect :eve:sec t|+t NLkß :c|e,
s+y|cg|tw+sw|t||ct|e:|g|tsoit|estee|wo:|e:s
ac|octo¡|c|et+:+||:o+cg+teasec|yNew\o:|
Cect:+| wo:|e:s |ec+ase ¨t|e :+|| wo:|e:s j o|s
we:e :e|+tec to co:a+| ¡:ocact|oc |c t|e
¡|+ct. ¨
(
16
)
tcm+:c|::, l º:·,t|e U. S. News & World
Report c|sc|osec t|+t t|e NLkß |+c |e|c t|+t
+cea¡|oye:w|o|+cw|t|c:+wc¡e:soc+| i:|ecc·
s||¡ i:oa + wo:|e: w|o j o|cec + ac|oc w+s
gc||ty oi coe:c|oc +aocct|cg to + t|:e+t oi j o|
:e¡:|s+|. A L. : coa:t oi +¡¡e+|s |+s :eve:sec
t|+: NLkß :c||cg(17)
What Shoul d Be Done
1 :. :ec+to: jo|c G Towe: (Tex+s ke·
¡a|||c+c, s+ys
"Almost from its inception with the Wagner
Act in 1 935, this [National Labor Relations]
Board has been under public and congressional
fre for failure to perform its duties in an even­
handed, impartial manner.
"After 1 2 years' experience with the Board
under the Wagner Act, a long-sufering public
saw Congress in 1 947 pass the Taft-Hartley law,
not only to redress a basic statutory imbalance,
but also to undo the damage wrought by biased
Board decisions. It soon became clear, however,
that the Labor Board would not follow the man­
date of the new law and would not respect the
intent which Congress clearly expressed in pass­
ing that law . . . .
"So-called NLRB loopholes became the rule,
and the very abuses grew which Congress in
1 947 ordered stopped. Then after another 1 2
years, Congress again amended the labor laws
with the Landrum-Grifn Act. And the Board's
continuing refusal to follow congressional direc­
tives has been even more pronounced.
"Today abuses grow and fourish, abuses Con­
gress thought it had banned . . . . Most damaging
to public confdence, and most hostile to the will
of Congress, have been those Board decisions
that have permitted secondary boycotting, that
have literally encouraged blackmail, picketing,
that have trampled upon constitutional and stat­

tory
.
guarant

es of free speech, and that have
ImpaIred the nght of those who risk their capital
to make the economic decisions necessary for
proper management of their businesses.
" . . . the NLRB . . . . now says management
can no longer make its own decisions on efcien­
cy and competitiveness.
"Management may no longer make decisions
on the location of its facilities, on the future
prospe

ts of the business; in fact, it may no long­
er deCIde for itself whether it will stay in or go
out of business . . . .
"The NLRB by its own decisions has demon­
strated that it respects neither the letter of the
law nor the intent of Congress . . . .
"I would limit the NLRB to handling repre­
sentation matters. This would include conduct
of employee elections. But this agency would no
longer investigate, prosecute, or adjudicate un­
fair labor practice cases as it does today."
lJ8)
Cc m+:c| !, i º:·, :ec+to: Towe: |ct:occcec
: i ªº!, + |||| to c|vest t|e NLkß oi |ts j ac|c|+|
iacct|ocs+:ct:+csie:cci+|:|+|o:¡:+ct|ce c+ses
to iece:+| c|st:|ct coc:ts
(18)
:|ccet|eNLkß |+sceve: :es¡ectec t|e |ctect
o:o|eyect|e|+wsoiCocg:ess,t|e:e|sco:e+soc
to |e||eve t|e ßo+:c woc|c o|ey t|e cew |+w
:ec+to: Towe: ¡:o¡oses.
T|eNLkß s|oa|c |e +|o||s|ec
Aae:|c+cs |+ve + :|g|t to o:g+c|ze ac|ocs
+cc j o|c t|ea T|ey +|so |+ve + :|g|tto st:||e.
Page 166
Ta||cgaj e|:|a:|seûe:ec,e:qa|::|cg:|eece
|e |as . j e|c|cg a ac|ec :|a: wac:s ||a, e: :e·
|as|cg :e j e|c:|ese a:e µa:: e| ac Aae:|cacs
|ca||eca||e:|g|:s :e | | |e, | ||e::y, ac1 :|e µa:sa|:
e||aµµ|cess.
Ne ecece: evec geve:caec:|as a :|g|::e
|e:ceseaeece:ej e|caac|ec| ||e1eesce:wac:
:ej e|c.accceece|asa:|g|::ease|e:ce:e|eeµ
aaac |:ea:a||cga j e|w||c|seaeecee|se|as
qa|:, v|e:|e: |e qa|: |e::|e µa:µese e| s::|||cg
e: |e: acy e:|e: µa:µese.
A |a|e: µ|c|e: | |ce|eweve: e:ce:|y acc 1e·
cec::|e .cc|v|caa|aea|e:s e| |:aay|e|s ac
|cs::aaec:e||e:ce !a|||cg a|ea:µeace|a| µ|c|·
e:|cg |s |||e :a|||cg a|ea: µeace|a| :e||e:y |:
|sµeace|a| |ecaase :|ev|c:|aceesce::es|s:.
Ics:acces e| v|e|ecce ec µ|c|e: | |ces ac1 | c
ceccec:|ec v|:| s::||es gece:a||y a:e a|aes: |c·
ûc|:e |c caa|e:. We:|e:s a:e |ea:ec acc s|e:,
:|e|: ca:s ces::eyec, :|e|: |eaes |ea|ec, ac1
:|e|:|aa|||es:|:ea:ecec|ecaase:|ey::y:ewe:|
|c a s::ac| µ|ac:.
W|a:se|1eage:s |c:e :|ecevsµaµe:s |c cec
cec:|ecv|:| :|eseca||e1µeace|a|s::||es a:e:|e
:e|a:|ve|ya|ce:|a:assaec:sv||c||e:cewe:|e:s
:e 1e v|a: ac|ecs wac:sac| |a:assaec:s as
es::ac|sas|acce:.µe:seca|v|||aca:|ecaccseea-
|cg|y |ccecec: |a: :eµea:ec acc|1ec:s ec :|e j e|.
mes:ve:|e:s |cAae:|ca a:e a|:a|! :e c:ess a
µ|c|e: | |ce 1e aacy, |eveve:, ||e µ|c|e| | |ce
|as |eceae a sya|e| e| :|e c|ass wa:|a:e :|e·
|ave |eec :aag|: :e |e||eve |c.
Lc|ec s::ecg:| |c Aae:|ca |as |eec |a||:, io
µa::,ec|a::ecc|ass|a::ec. T|e|cs|s:ec::|eae
e| ac|ec µ:eµagac1a |e|1s :|a: aacageaec: |s
:|e eceay e| :|e |a|e:|cg aac, acc :|a: ac|ecs
a:e 1ae a| | c:e1|: |e: ||g|e: wages acc |e::e:
we:||cgcecc|:|ecs.
l|ac|ecswere :esµecs|||e|e::|e:|see|we:|-
e:s ||v|cg s:acca:cs, :|ec, e| cea:se, :|e ||g|es:
| |v|cgs:ac1a:cs|c:|eve:|1wea| c|e|cl:acce,
Lcg|acc, ac1 l:a|y, w|e:e ac|ec|sa |as |eec
cea|cac: |e: gece:a:|ecs.
·|cce l ¯ºc, ||v|cg s:acca:cs e| wage ea:ce:s
|c :|e Lc|:e1 ::a:es |ave |aµ:eve1 cec:|caeas|.
ce: |c :a:|e :e ac|ec ac:|v|:y, |a: | c :a:|e :e
|cves:aec::|a:µ:|va:eaacageaec:|asaace|c
|e::e: µ|ac:s acceqa|µaec:.
Heavy caµ.:a| |cves:aec: |c |a|e:·sav|cg :ee|s
acceac:s |e: :|e ||g| µ:e1ac:|v|:y e| Aae:|cas
ve:|e:s Ac1||g|µ:ecac:|v|:yacceac:s|e:||g|
| |v|cg s:ac1a:1s.
ß|gaeceµe||s:|cac|ecs:ec1:e1eµ:ess | |v|cg
s:ac1a:1s e| we:|e:s, |ecaase :|ey |e|1 cewc
µ:ecac:|ecv|:| :|e|: s::| |e·|cc|:|cg ac:|v|:|es,
:|e|: |ea:|e:·|ecc|cg µ:ac:|ces, acc :|e|: ce·
s::ac:|ec e| |cc|v|caa| |ccec:|ve.
J |e cec::a| ev|| e| :|e |a|e: aeveaec: |s
:|a:geve:caec:|asg:ac:e1 sµec|a|µ:|v||eges :e
ac|ec eac|a|s acc |as g|vec :|ea ac|aw|a|
µeve: :e |e:ce :|e|: w|| | aµec we:|e:s acc
aacageaec:seae:|aes aµec ||e v|e|e ca:|ec.
Cc may . º, lº´·, P:es|1ec: je|csec as|ec
WHO I S D A N S MO O T ?
Born in Missouri reared in Texas Dan Smoot went to SMU getting BA and MA degrees, 1 938 and 1940. In
1941, he joined the f:culty at Harvard
'
as a Teaching Fellow, doing graduate work fo

a �octor
.
ate .n American civili·
zation. From 1942 to 1951 , he was an FBI agent: three and a half years on commuOlst mveStlgatlOns; two yers on
FBI headquarters staf; almost four years on general
.
FBI cases i
r
:
.
various places. !

resigned
.
from the FBI a
l
d,
from 1951 to 1955 was commentator on national radlO and teleVISlOn programs, gIvmg both SIdes of controvers1al
issues. In July, 1 955, he started his present proft-supported, free-e
n
terprise business : publis�ing
!
he Dan S
"?
ot
Report, a weekly magazine available by subscription; and producmg a w
��
kly ne

/s.analysIs radIO and teleVISlOn
brodcast, available for sponsorship by reputable business frms, as an adver

1S1ng vehIcle .
.
The Rep

rt

nd broadct
give one side of important issues: the side that presents documented truth usmg the Amencan C

nStltutlOn as a yard­
stick. If you think Smoot's materials are efective against socialism and communism, you can help Immensely-help get
subribers for the Report, commercial sponsors for te brodcast.
Page 167
Coog:ess to oat|aw state :|g|t·to·wo:| |aws, |y
:eµea||og :ect|oo i! ß o| t|e Ta|t· Ha:t|ey Act.
T||s woa|c vast|y |oc:ease t|e µowe: o| ao|oo
omc|a|s C|osecs|oµ |a|o:coot:acts, v||c| |o:ce
eaµ|oyees to j o|o ao|oos, woa|c |e aat|o:|zec
t|:oag|oat t|e |aoc
Coog:ess s|oa|c :eµea| all |ece:a| |a|o: |avs
T||swoa|ca|o||s|t|eNLkßaocgett|e|ece:a|
gove:oaeot oat o| |ts aocoost|tat|ooa| act|v|t|es
|o |a|o:·aaoageaeot :e|at|oos
P:oµe:eo|o:ceaeot o|state aoc |oca| |avs |o·
teocectoµ:otect|||eaocµ:oµe:tyvoa|cµ:ov|ce
aceqaate µa|||c :ega|at|oo o| |a|o:·aaoageaeot
:e|at|oos |o aost cases If sµec|a| |a|: |aws a:e
oeecec |o: sµec|a| c| :caastaoces, t|e· s|oa|c |e
eoactec, eo|o:cec, aoc acj ac|catec at t|e state
aoc |eca| |eve|.
FOOTNOTES
( 1 ) " High Court Holds Business Can End To Balk Unionism,"
The New York Times, March 30, 1965, pp. 1, 37; "The
Supreme Court; Limits on Labor & Management," Time maga·
zine, April 9, 1965, pp. 66-7
( 2 ) " High Court Agrees to Rule Whether Firm Has Right To
Close To Avoid Unionization," The 1/all Street JOllrnal,
March 2 1 , 1964
( 3 ) "High Court Affirms Complete Lockouts," AP dispatch from
Washington, The Dallas M01'ing News, March 30, 1965,
Sec. 1, p. 1 1
Subscription:
1962 Bound Volume
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( 4) "The NLRB, Tool of Union Leaders," The Lbor Digest, Vol.
34, No. 2, April, 1961, pp. 1, 8
( 5 ) "News Section," Hlman Events, September 10, 1955
(6) "Should Unions Have Monoply Powers ?", by W. 1. White,
Readen Digest, August, 1955, pp. 33-42 ; "Strikebound Eagle
Shut Permanently," story, The New York Times, March 17,
1955, pp. 1 , 24
( 7 ) The Wall SHeet JouYlal, December 8, 1959
( 8) "Important Decision," The Ariz01a Replblic, July 30, 1962;
U. S. News & World Report, June 17, 1963, pp. 87-8
( 9) "Plant Moves Possible, NLRB Executive Claims," article by
Harry Bernstein, The Los Angeles Times, June 1 3, 1964; 1 30
NLRB 1 022 ( 1961 )
( 1 0 ) 1 36 NLRB 1022, 7 ( 1962 )
( 1 1 ) "Summary of Supreme Court's Actions," The New York Times,
December 1 5, 1964, p. 48
( 1 2 ) "Firm's Caught in NLRB Bind," article by Ken Thompson,
The Dallas Morhzg News, November 19, 1964, Sec. 4, p. 4
( 1 3 ) The Kohler Strike, by Sylvester Petro, Henry Regnery Company,
Chicago, 1961 ; "Latest Ruling In Kohler Strike," U. S. News &
World Report, October 1 2, 1964, p. 93
( 14 ) "For Unions - New Power Over Members," U. S. News &
World Report, February 17, 1964, p. 1 03
( 1 5 ) "Terror In Kingsport," Hlman Events, February 13, 1965,
p. 1 1
( 1 6) "Unions Reach an Accord on Picketing," by Damon Steston,
The New YO/·k Times, February 27, 1965, p. 1 5
( 1 7 ) "Trends i n Labor," U. S. News & World Report, March 22,
1965, p. 94
( 18 ) "Address By Senator Tower Before The National Association
of Manufacturers," Congressiolal Record, March 4, 1965, pp.
4018-9 ( daily)
NAME (Please Print)
STREET ADDRESS
CITY STATE ZIP CODE
(Texans Add 2% for Sale Tax)
THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, BOX 9538, DALLAS, TEXAS 75214 TAYLOR 1-2303
Page 1 68
·
·
ÏMË
1t1 Smoot Re,olt
Vol. 1 1 , No. 22 (Broadcast 51 0) May 31 , 1 965 Dallas, Texas
DAN SMOOT
F I RST ROL L CAL LS, ¡ Vób
1o t||s |ssae, we ta|a|ate i! |aµo:taot :o|| ca||votesta|eo ca:|ogt|ea:sttwo aoot|s o|t|e
ººt| Coog:ess: |o t|e ·eoate, : |o t|e Hoase T|oag| ce||o|t|ve :at|ogs caooot |eaace oo so
|ewvotes, : aaj o: votes |o eac| c|aa|e: o| t|e oat|ooa| Coog:ess a:e eooag| to :evea| a c|s·
coa:ag|og t:eoc t|e ººt| Coog:ess |oo|s |||e a :a||e:staaµ |o: t|e )o|osoo aca|o|st:at|oo
Heoce, t|e ·c L · keµ:eseotat|ves, w|ose vot|og|s lc·¨- coose:vat|ve oo a|| : :o| | ca||s ta|·
a|atec |e:e|o, s|oa|c |e coog:ata|atec aoc eocoa:agec |y t|e|: coost|taeots
Water Pol l ution Control Act Amendments
Co )aoaa:y .º, lº:·, t|e ·eoate, |y a staoc o| º: to º µassec ·! (as P:es|ceot Lyocoo ß
)o|osoo |ac :eqaestec, , to aat|o:|:e s.c, ccc, ccc cc | o aatc||og g:aots to states |o: wate:
µo||at|oo coot:o|, ca:|og a t|:ee·yea: µe:|oc eoc|og )aoe ªc, iº:º ·! g|ves t|e ·ec:eta:y o|
Hea|t|, £cacat|oo, aoc We||a:e ||a|t|ess aat|o:|ty to esta|||s| wate: qaa| |ty staoca:cs |o t|e
Lo|tec ·tates, t|e µ:og:aa to |e aca|o|ste:ec|yt|elece:a|Wate:Po||at|ooCoot:o|Aca|o|·
st:at|oo.
T|e vote |s :eco:cec |o Co|aao l aoce: Senate, C |e|og a coose:vat|ve staoc aga.ost
Not||.g .. t|e Co.st.tat.oo aat|o:|zes t|e |ece:a| gove:oaeot to eogage |o sac| act|v|t|es
as t|. s µ:og:aa µ:ov|ces G:aot|og ao o|||ce: o| t|e |ece:a| gove:oaeot aatoc:at|c µowe: to
µ:esc:||e aoc eo|o:ce oat|ooa| staoca:cs |o: aoyt||og|s|ost||etocoost|tat|ooa| µ:|oc|µ|esw||c|
|o:a t|e |ec:oc| o| oa: soc|ety mo:eove:, µeoµ|ew|osetaxesµay |o: t|e |ece:a|gove:oaeot s
wate: µo||at|oo coot:o| act|v|t|es coa|c get a g:eat cea| ao:e |o: t|e|: aooey t|:oag| µ:|vate
e||o:t o: t|:oag| t|e|: |oca| aoc state gove:oaeots||t|e|ece:a|gove:oaeotc|cootcoo||scate
t|e|: aooey aoc |eeµ t|ea |:oa as|og |t as t|ey see |it.
THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, a magazine published every week by The Dan Smoot Report, Inc., mail­
ing address P. O. Box 9538, Lakewood Station, Dallas, Texas 75214; Telephone TAylor 1 -2303 (office
address 6441 Gaston Avenue) . Subscription rates: $1 0.00 a year, $6.00 for 6 months, $1 8.00 for two years.
For frst class mail $1 2.50 a year; by airmail ( including APO and FPO) $1 4.50 a year. Reprints of specifc
issues: 1 copy for 25¢; 6 for $1 .00; 50 for $5.50; 1 00 for $1 0.00-each price for bulk mailing to one person.
Add 2% sales tax on all orders originating in Texas for Texas delivery.
Copyright by Dan Smoot, 1965. Second class mail privilege authorized at Dallas, Texas.
No Reproductions Permitted.
Page 169
Appal achia Bi l l
Co le|:aa:y l , l º:·, t|e ·eoate, |y a staoc
oi ¯! to .:, ¡assec t|e A¡¡a|ac||ao keg|ooa|
Deve|o¡aeot Act o| l º:·, aat|o:|z|og va:|oas
¨aot|·¡ove:t·¨ ¡:og:aas|ot|e:eg|ooca||ec A¡·
¡a|ac||aa|| o|WestV|:g|o|a, aoc ¡o:t|oos oi
A|a|aaa, Geo:g|a. Keotac|y, ma:y|aoc, No:t|
Ca:o||oa, C||o, Peoosy|vao|a, ·oat| Ca:o||oa,
Teooessee, aoc V|:g|o|a T|e |||| aat|o:|zec a
||ve·yea: sº!c,ccc,ccc cc ¡|ao to |a||c ª, ª·c
a||es oi:oacs aoc ||g|vays, v|t| t|e states to
ia:o|s| ao acc|t|ooa| sª:c,ccc,ccc cc It a|so
aat|o:|zec s.·.,!cc,ccc cc |o: coost:act|oo o|
|ea|t| |ac|||t|es, vocat|ooa| ecacat|oo sc|oo|s,
|aoc |a¡:oveaeot, vate: :esoa:ces ceve|o¡aeot,
a|o|og :ec|aaat|oo, t|a|e: ceve|o¡aeot, aoc so
oo.
T|evote|s:eco:cec|oCo|aao.aoce:Senate,
C |e|og a coose:vat|ve staoc aga|ost.
T|e A¡¡a|ac||a ¡:og:aa |s o|v|oas|y aocoo·
st|tat|ooa| lo:coaaeota:yoo t||s, aoc ev|ceoce
t|at t|e ¡:og:aa |s a|so vaste|a| aoc |a:a|a|,
see ¨T|eG:eat·oc|ety,¨ t|ele|:aa:y l · , lº:·,
|ssae o| t||s Report.
I nternational Cofee Agreement
I mpl ementation
Io l º:., t|e Keooec· ·tate De¡a:taeot too|
t|e |eac |o oegot|at|og t|e Iote:oat|ooa| Coiiee
Ag:eeaeot, to :ega|ate ¡:|ce aoc c|st:||at|oo oi
co||ee, gaa:aotee|og to aost coiiee·¡:ocac|og
oat|oos (|oc|ac|ogcoaaao.stCa|a, aa:|etsaoc
:easooa||e ¡:|ces ( |at exc|ac|og soae ooo·coa·
aao|stcoaot:|esoota||y,l:eeC||oaj .T|eL·
·eoate :at|i|ec v|t|oat aac| ce|ay, aoc t|e
Ag:eeaeot veot |oto ei|ect oo Decea|e: ª l ,
l º:·.
L. · ¡a:t|c|¡at|oocoa|coot|ecoa¡|ete,|ov·
eve:, aot|| Coog:ess eoactec |a¡|eaeot|og |eg|s-
|at|oo Io a:g|og Coog:ess to eoact sac| |eg|s·
|at|oo, P:es|ceotjo|o l Keooecy¡:oa|sec t|at
t|e Ag:eeaeot voa|c :ecace coiiee ¡:|ces io:
Aae:|cao coosaae:s T|e Hoase o| ke¡:eseota·
t|ves ¡assec ao |a¡|eaeo:at|oo |||| |o l º:· , |at,
coot:a:y to t|e P:es|ceots ¡:oa|se, co|iee ¡:|ces
:ose |o t|e Lo|tec ·tates as sooo as t|e Co||ee
Ag:eeaeot vas aco¡tec T|e ·eoate too| oo
act|oo oo ao |a¡|eaeotat|oo |||| |o l º:ª
Co )a|· ªl , l º:!, t|e ·eoate aaeocec aoc
¡assec Hk ºº:!, t|e |||| v||c| t|e Hoase |ac
¡assect|eyea:|eio:eIoAagast, l º:!,t|eHoase
too| aoa| act|oo oo t|e |a¡|eaeotat|oo |||| as
aaeocec |· t|e ·eoate ßy t|at t|ae, t|e:e vas
st:oog o¡¡os|:|oo to t||s gove:oaeot·c:eatec.
vo:|cv|ce co|iee ca:te| v||c| |eoe||tec coa·
aao|st co||ee·¡:ocac|og oat|oos, v|||e c|sc:|a|·
oat|og aga|ost soae ooo·coaaao|st oat|oos Co
Aagast lº, iº:!, t|e Hoase :ej ectec t|e coiiee
|a¡|eaeotat|oo ||||.
Io lº:·, P:es|ceot)o|osooaga|o :eqaestec t|e
|eg|s|at|oo Co le|:aa:y ., l º:·, t|e ·eoate, |y
a staoc o| :l to .:, ¡assec · ¯cl , to |a¡|eaeot
t|e Iote:oat|ooa| Coiiee Ag:eeaeot T|e vote |s
:eco:cec |o Co|aao ª aoce: Senate, C |e|og a
coose:vat|ve staoc aga|ost.
Aid To Nasser
We| |·|o|o:aec o|se:ve:s say t|e l º·. coa¡
|y v||c| Gaaa| A|ce| Nasse: se|zec ¡ove: |o
£gy¡t vas ¡|aooec aoc ¡a:t|y i|oaocec |y t|e
Aae:|caoCeot:a|Iote|| |geoceAgeocy·|ocet|eo,
oa: gove:oaeot |as io:cec Aae:|cao tax¡aye:s
to g|veo: |eoc Nasse: a¡¡:ox|aate|y ooe |||||oo
co||a:s Io lº·:, oa: gove:oaeot savec £g·¡t
|:oa |ovas|oo |y l:aoce, £og|aoc, aoc Is:ae|,
t|as eoa|||og Nasse: to coo||scate t|e aost va|·
aa||e ¡:o¡e:t· |o £gy¡t, t|e ·aez Caoa| Ca:
gove:oaeots ¡o||cy tova:c Nasse: |as a|so eo·
coa:agec Aae:|cao |ao|s to g:aot £g·¡t |oaos,
aoc Aae:|cao |ocast:|a| ||:as to se|| £gy¡t, oo
c:ec|t, vast qaaot|t|es o| |ocast:|a| eqa|¡aeot.
Aae:|cao a|c to Nasse: coot|oaes to i|ov, v|||e
Nasse: o¡e:ates as ao ageot oi ·ov|et io:e|go
¡o||cy.
Co Novea|e: .¯, l º:!, A|:|cao staceots
sto:aec t|eL. ·. £a|assy |o Ca|:o, aoc |a:oec
Page 170
t|e )o|o l. Keooecy meao:|a| L||:a:y. Nasse: s
gove:oaeot eveotaa||yaµo|og|zec, a|te: t|egov·
e:oaeot·coot:o||ec µ:ess |ac ceooaocec Aae:|·
cao µo||cy as ¨||ceoas |aµe:|a||sa. ¨
T||s |oc|ceot c:eatec st:oog µa|||c ceaaoc |o
t|e Lo|tec ·tates t|at oa: gove:oaeot g|ve oo
ao:e o|oa:taxaooeytoNasse:.
Co )aoaa:y ::, ì º:·, t|e Hoase, |y a staoc
o| : l cto l ºª, µassec ao aaeocaeot to H) kes
: ª!, to µ:eveot t|e ase o| aoy looc |o: Peace
|aocs |o: a|c to £gyµt ca:|og ||sca| l º:· T|e
)o|osoo aca|o|st:at|oo ceooaocec t||s act|oo
Co le|:aa:y ª, l º:·, a caovass o| t|e ·eoate
c|sc|osec !: ·eoato:s saµµo:t|og t|e aaeocaeot
to stoµ a|c to Nasse:, !· aga|ost |t. W|eo t|e
:o|| vasca||ec|aaec|ate|yt|e:ea|te:, : ·eoato:s
v|o |a1ta|eo a stao1 |o: t|e aaeo1aeot coa|1
oot|e oo t|e||oo: tovote |o: |t. Cooseqaeot|y,
t|e aaeocaeot vas ce|eatec, ao1 t|e ·eoate,
|y a vote o| !! to ªº, saµµo:tec t|e P:es|ceot,
aat|o:|z|og ||a to ase looc |o:Peace |aocs |o:
£gyµt || |e cete:a|oec t|at co|og so voa|c |e
|o t|e oat|ooa| |ote:est.
Co le|:aa:y º, l º:·, t|e Hoase, |y a staoc
o| :!º to l ::, aµµ:ovec t|e ·eoate aeasa:e.
aat|o:|z|og a|c to Nasse: ca:|og t|e l º:· ||sca|
yea:.
T|e·eoatestaoc|s:eco:cec|oCo|aao!aoce:
Senate ; t|e||:stHoasestaoc, |o Co|aao ª aoce:
House; t|e secooc Hoase staoc, |o Co|aao +
aoce: House-C |e|og a coose:vat|ve staoc |o:
stoµµ|og a|c to Nasse:.
Gol d Backing
Att|eeoco|Wo:|cWa:II, t|eLo|tec·tates
|ac :c µe:ceot o| |oowo go|c :ese:ves |o t|e
wo:|c,aoct|etota| o||o:e|goc|a|asaga|ostoa:
go|c was :e|at|ve|y |os|go| icaot. T|eo, oa: gov·
e:oaeot |egao sqaaoce:|og a|:oac, aoc µas||og
µ:|vate Aae:|cao caµ|ta| ove:seas, to |a||c | o
|o:e|go |aocs |ocast:|a| aoc coaae:c|a| eote:·
µ:|ses w||c| coaµete v|t| oa: ovo. Coose·
qaeotly, asea:lyas1950, io:e.gooa:.ous-ge::|cg
ao:eo|oa:aooey|o:goocs,se:v|ces, aoc| ovest-
aeots t|ao ve ve:e gett|og o| t|e|:ssta:tec
accaaa|at|og sa:µ|as Aae:|cao co||a:s w||c|
coa|c |e µ:eseotec to t|e L. ·. T:easa:y |o: :e·
ceaµt|oo |ogo|c.
As|o:e|goe:scas|ec |ot|e|:Aae:|caoco||a:s,
oa: aooeta:y go|c :ese:ve s|:ao|. ßy lº:l, we
|ac |esst|ao|a||eooag||ot|e |:ee µ||e o|oa:
go|c :ese:ve to aeet |o:e|go c|a|as , |atwe st|||
|ac eooag| go|c |o t|e aoc|o: µ| |e to µ:ov|ce
: · µe:ceot|ac||og|o:lece:a| kese:ve ootes aoc
|o:ceµos|t||a||||t|es o|lece:a| kese:ve aea|e:
|ao|s. T|e Keooecy aca|o|st:at|oo as|ec Coo·
g:ess to e||a|oate t|eaoc|o: µ||eaoc µe:a|t t|e
L · T:easa:yto¡ay oatoa: eot|:ego|c:ese:ve
to |o:e|goe:s, |eav|og oooe to |ac| oa: 1oaest|c
ca::eocy. Coog:ess :e|asec.
ßy l º:·, |o:e|go c|a|as aga|ost oa: go|c |ac
:|seoto ao:et|ao :: || |||oo co||a:s. Ca::ese:ve
|ac s|:ao| to a|oat l · |||||oo, a|aost l !|||| |oo
o| w||c| was |o t|e aoc|o: µ||e v|e:e |t coa|c
oot |e asec to aeet |o:e|go c|a|as.
Cole|:aa:yº, lº:·, t|eHoase,|ya stao1 o|
ª l : to º!, µassec Hk ªºl º, ao aca|o|st:at|oo·
saµµo:tec |||| v||c| e||a|oatec t|e :eqa|:eaeot
|o: : · µe:ceot go|c |ac||og o| lece:a| kese:ve
aea|e: |ao| ceµos|t | |a|| ||t|es. T||s :eaovec
a|oat! º|||||ooco||a:so|go|c |:oat|eaoc|o:
µ||e, aa||og |t ava||a||e to aeet |o:e|go c|a|as.
T|e ·eoate µassec Hk ªºl º, |y a stao1 o| 86
toº, oole|:aa:y l º, l º:·
T|e ·eoate vote ooHk ªºlº | s :eco:1ec | o
Co|aao · aoce: Senate; t|e Hoase vote, | oCo|·
aao · aoce: House C |e|og a coose:vat|ve
stao1 aga|os: t|ewea|eo|og o| oa: ca::eocy.
T|e )o|osoo a1a|o|st:at.oo c|a|ae1 t|at Hk
ªºl ºwoa|c s|ow cowo t|e oat||ow o| oa:go|c.
ßat|o|esst|aoaaoot|a|te:t|e||||wasµassec
oa:go|c |oss |o ooe vee| vas tw|ce as g:eat as
oa:tota| |oss |o: t|e eot|:eyea: l º:!. Ca: go|c
|oss |o: t|e yea: l º:! vas sl . · ,ccc,ccc Io t|e
vee| eoc|og ma:c| l º, l º:·, l:aoce a|ooe too|
aµµ:ox|aate|y s:·c,ccc,ccc o| oa: go|c. T|e
tota| |oss o| L. ·. go|c to a|| oat|oos ca:|og t|e
first two and one-half months of 1 965 was
sº.·, ccc,ccc.
Page 171
Io: ceta||soot|ego|c ¡:o||eaaoc ot|e: c|s·
cass|oo o| Hk ªºl º, see ¨How Loog Cao We
Last :¨, t|ema:c|º, l º:·, |ssaeo|t||sReport.
I nter-American Bank Funds
Co le|:aa:y l º, l º:·, t|eHoase, |y a staoc
o| .ººto l c., ¡assec H !· a ||||aat|o:|z|og
coot:||at|ooso|s:· c,ccc,ccctot|eIote:-Aae:|-
cao Deve|o¡aeot ßao| ca:|og t|e oext t|:ee
yea:s. T|e Iote:·Aae:|cao Deve|o¡aeot ßao| ||·
oaoces coost:act|oo aoc ceve|o¡aeot t|:oag|oat
Lat|o Aae:|ca ¡oa:|og oat L. ·. tax¡aye:s
aooeyto |a||c |ocast:|a| ¡|aots, |::|gat|oo ¡:oj ·
ects. sc|oo|s, |oases, a¡a:taeots, :oacs, ¡a|||c
wo:|s, oace |a||c|ogs eve:yt||og ·|oce t|e
|ao| was c:eatec |o l º:c, L ·. coot:||at|oos
|ave tota||ec sl , l ª:,ccc,ccc.
Co t|e cayt|e Hoase ¡assec t||s aca|o|st:a·
t|oo-s¡ooso:ec |||| to aagaeot t|e oat¡oa:|og
o|Aae:|caotaxaooeyto |o:e|gooat|oos, P:es|·
ceot)o|osoo as|ec Aae:|cao |ao|e:s aoc |as|·
oessaeo to ca:ta|| t|e|: ove:seas |ovestaeots,
wa:o|og t|at | | t|ey c|c oot co so vo|aota:||y,
t|egove:oaeot coa|c ase |o:ce
Co le|:aa:y .· , l º:· , t|e ·eoate, |o two :o||
ca|| votes, aaeocec aoc ¡assec Hk !·. T|e
aaeocaeot, ¡:o¡osec |y ·eoato: Wayoe mo:se
( C:egoo Deaoc:at , , :eqa|:es t|e Lo|tec ·tates
toase|tsvot|og¡owe:oot|e|oa:co|t|e lote:·
Aae:|cao Deve|o¡aeot ßao| (t|e L. ·. |as !c
¡e:ceoto|t|evotesoo t|e|oa:c, toc|sa¡¡:ove
|oaos |o aoy coaot:y w||c| |ac ex¡:o¡:|atec
Aae:|cao ¡:o¡e:ty w|t|oat coa¡eosat|oo. T|e
·eoateaco¡tect|emo:seaaeocaeot |ya staoc
o| :ª to . ª , ¡assec t|e aaeocec |||||y a staoc
o| :º to l :.
T|e ·eoate vote oo t|e mo:se aaeocaeot |s
:eco:cec |o Co|aao : aoce: Senate, C |e|og a
coose:vat|vevote |o:t|e aaeocaeot T|e ·eoate
voteoo¡assageo|t|e|||||s:eco:cec |oCo|aao
: aoce: Senate; t|e Hoase vote oo ¡assage o|
t|e ||||, |o Co|aao 7 aoce: House-C |e|og a
coose:vat|ve staoc aga|ost t||s |o:e|go g|vesvay
o| tax aooey.
P:es|ceot)o|osoo ceaaocs tax aooey to |eoc
aoc g|ve away a|:oac aoc ases tax aooey to
st|aa|ate t|e |||g|t o| ¡:|vate ca¡|ta| ove:seas,
w|||e s|aa|taoeoas|y t|:eateo|og to |o:ce ca:·
ta||aeot o| |o:e|go s¡eoc|og aoc |eoc|og |y
Aae:|cao |oc|v|caa|s aoc |as|oesses Hk !· |s
¡a:to|t||sst:aoge¡|cta:e. lo:ceta||s,see¨How
Loog Cao We Last : ¨, t|e ma:c| º, iº:·, |ssae
o|t||sReport.
Seating Mississi ppi Del egation
W|eo t|e L · Hoase o|ke¡:eseot+t|ves coo·
veoecoo)aoaa:y!, i º:·, ke¡:eseotat|veW||| |aa
l|ttskyao (Nev Yo:| Deaoc:at, , sa¡¡o:tec |y
|||e:a|s |:oa va:|oas ot|e: states, o|j ectec to
seat|og t|e ||ve ke¡:eseotat|ves |:oa m|ss|ss|¡¡|
oog:oaocs t|att|e|: e|ect|oos |ac |eeo c|a|·
|eogec |yt|el:eecoaPa:ty, a |e|tw|og¡o||t|ca|
g:oa¡ w||c| vas |o:aec |o m|ss|ss|¡¡| | o t|e
saaae: o| iº:!, |a:ge|y |y oat·o|·state ¡e:soos
T|e l:eecoa Pa:ty c|c oot eveo ¡a:t|c|¡ate | o
t|eNovea|e:geoe:a| e|ect|oos, |at|e|c |ts owo
aoc| e|ect|oo |osteac.
ßy a staoc o| .::to i!º, t|e Hoase votec to
seatt|e e|ectec ke¡:eseotat|ves |:oa m|ss|ss|¡¡|,
¡eoc|og |o:aa| Hoase |ovest|gat|oo o| t|e coo·
testec e|ect|oos T|e vote |s :eco:cec |o Co|aao
l aoce: House, C |e|og a coose:vat|ve staoc |o:
seat|og t|e m|ss|ss|¡¡| ce|egat|oo.
lo:ceta||soot||s|a¡o:taotse|j ect, see ¨C|v||
k|g|ts o: C|v|| Wa: :¨, t|e le|:aa:y .., i º:· ,
|ssae o| t||s Report.
House Rul es Changes
Co)aoaa:y!, l º:·, t|eHoase, |y a staoc o|
..· to .cª, aace va:|oas c|aoges |o t|e :a|es
gove:o|og|tsowo¡:oceca:es.Coec|aogeeoa||es
t|e ·¡ea|e: to |o:ce t|e ka|es Coaa|ttee to :e·
|ease a ||||w||c| |as |eeo |ot|e Coaa|ttee . l
cays o:|ooge:. Aoot|e:a|o||s|ec t|e :a|e t|at a
|i||coa|c|eseot tocoo|e:eoce w|t| aea|e:s o|
Page 1 72
t|e ·eoate oo|y a¡oo aoao|aoas cooseot o| a||
aea|e:s¡:eseot|ot|eHoase. oowas|a¡|eaa-
j o:|tyvote|seooag|toseoca ||||tocoo|e:eoce.
Aoot|e: :eaovec t|e :a|e w||c| ¡e:a|ttec aoy
ke¡:eseotativetoceaaoca :ev.sec co¡yo|a|.l|
aaeocec oot|e||oo:, |e|o:e a ||oa|vote coa|c
|eta|eo. oowa||oo:·aaeocec||||cao|e¡assec
w|t|oata ||oa|, co::ectec text|e|ogava||a||e |o:
aea|e:sto:eac |e|o:e vot|og.
T||svote|s:eco:cec|oCo|aao. aoce:House
C |e|og a coose:vat|ve staoc aga|ost :a|es
c|aoges w||c| s¡eec a¡ t|e |eg|s|at|ve ¡:ocess
|y e||a|oat|og o¡¡o:tao|t|es |o: t|oag|t|a| ce·
| ||e:at.oo, ca:e|a| stacy, aoc |a| | ce|ate
lo: ao:e coaaeot oo t||s sa|j ect, see ¨T|e
koac A|eac,¨ t|e )aoaa:y !, l º:·, .ssae o|t||s
Report.
Disarmament Agency Funds
Cole|:aa:y l ¯, l º:·, t|e Hoase, |y a staoc
o| ª l ºto ºl , µassec Hk .ººº, a |||| aat|o:|z|og
s!c,ccc,ccc |o:t|e L ·. A:as Coot:o| aocD|s·
a:aaaeot Ageocy ca:|og a t|:ee·yea: ¡e:|oc
eoc.ogw|t|t|e lº:º||sca|yea:.T|.s|ssl ª, ªªª, ·
ªªª a yea: |o: t|e Ageocy, w||c| o:|g|oa||y :e·
ce|vec sl c,ccc,ccc a yea:
T|evote.s:eco:cec.oCo|aao:aoce:House,
C |e|og a coose:vat|ve staoc aga|ost.
R O L L C A L L V O T E S
A ''C' ' indicates a conservative stand. An r r LI 1 indicates a liberal stand. A "Oi l indicates the Senator was absent or did not take a public stand.
S E NA T E
Column # ! ¬ ¬ Water Pollution Control Act Amendment s, b4; #¿ - - Appalachia Bill, b3; #3 - - International CoHee Agreement ImpleIlentation. b7Û I ; #4 - - Aid to Nasser,
HJ Res ¿34: #5 ¬ ~ Gold Backing. HR J8¡ J¦ #b ¬¬ Inter-American Bank Funds , HR 4¬. Expropriation Amendment; #T - - Inter-American Bank Funds , HR 4¬. passage
4
ALABAMA
L
Hill . Lister (D)
L L L L L C
L
�parkman. John J. (D)
L L L L L L
ALASKA
�ett. E. L. (D)
L L L L C I L
Gruening, Ernest (D)
L L 0 C C C L
ARIZONA
�. Paui J . (R)
L C L C L C L
0 Hayden. Carl (D)
0 L L L L L
ARKANSAS
Fulbright, J. W. (D)
L L 0 0 L L L
McClellan, John L. (D)
L C L C L C C
CALIFORNIA
Kuchel, Thomas H. (R)
L L L C L C L
Murphy, George (R) L C C C L C L
COLORADO
Allott, Gordon (R)
L C L L C C L
Dominick, Peter H. (R)
L C C C C C L
CONNECTICUT
Dodd, Thomas J . (D) L L 0 C L C L
Ribicoff, Abraham A. ( D)
L L L C L C L
DELAWARE
L ÐoHHs , J . Caleb (R) L C L C I C
Williams , John J . (R) L C C C L C C
V1CÞ1LÞ
Holland, Spessard L. (D) L L L L L L L
Smathers , George A. (D) L L L L L 0 L
GEORGIA
�l. Richard B. (D)
0 L 0 0 0 0 0
Talmadge. Herman E. (D)
L L C C I C C
Page 173
HAWAII
Inouye , Daniel K. (D)
Fang, Hiram L. (R)
IDAHO
-- rch, Frank (D)
Jordan, Len B. (R)
ILLINOIS
---rn, Everett McK.
Douglas ¡ Paul H. (D)
INDIANA
�Birch (D)
Hartke, Vance (D)
IOWA
-r ckeniooper, Bourke B.
Miller, Jack (R)
KANSAS
-- son. Frank (R)
Pearson, James B. (R)
KENTUCKY
(R)
(R)
Cooper. John Sherman (R)
Morton, Thruston B. (R)
LOUISIANA
Ellender , Allen J . (D)
Long, Russell B. (D)
MAINE
�kie. Edmund S. (D)
Smith, Margaret Chase (R)
MARYLAND
Brewster, Daniel B. (D)
Tydings, Joseph D. (D)
L L L L L L L
L L L C L C L
L L L L C C L
L C C C C C L
L L L L L 0 0
L L C C L C L
L L L L I 0 0
L L L C L C L
C C 0 C L 0 0
L C C C L C L
L C C C L 0 0
L C C C L 0 0
C L L L L 0 L
L L L 0 L C L
L C L C L C L
L L L L L C L
1 J C C 1 C 1
L L L C L L L
L L L L L C L
L L L L L C L
MASSACHUSETTS
Kennedy, Edward M. (D)
Saltonstall, Leverett (R)
MICHIGAN
Hart, Philip A, (D)
McNamara. Pat (D)
MINNESOTA
McCarthy, Eugene J. (D)
Mandale, Walter F. (D)
MISSISSIPPI
Eastland, James O. (D)
Stennis, John (D)
MISSOURI
-:dward V. (D)
Symington, Stuart {D}
MONTANA
Mansfield, Mike (D)
Metcalf, Lee (D)
NEBRASKA
Curtis. Carl T. (R)
Hruska, Roman L. (R)
NEVADA
Bible, Alan (D)
Canon, Howard W. (D)
NEW HAMPSHIRE
Cotton, Norris (R)
McIntyre, Thomas J. (D)
NEW JERSEY
Case. Clifford P. (R)
Williams, Harrison A . • Jr. (D)
NEW MEXICO
Anderson, Clinton P. (D)
Montoya, Joseph M. (D)
NEW YORK
Javits, Jacob K. (R)
Kennedy. Robert F. (D)
NORTH CAROLINA
Ervin, Sam J . , Jr. (D)
Jordan, B. Everett (D)
NORTH DAKOTA
Burdick, Quentin N. (D)
Young, Milton R. (R)
OHIO
--usche. Frank J. (D)
Young. Stephen M. (D)
L L L L L L L
L L L L L C L
L L C L L L L
L L C L L L L
L L O O L O O
L L L L L L L
O C L L C C C
C C L L L C L
L L L L L C L
L L C L L C C
L L L L L L L
L L L 0 L 0 0
C C C C L C L
C C C C L C C
L L L L 0 C C
L L L C L C L
L C C C C C L
L L C C L C L
L L L C L L L
L L L L L 0 0
L L L C 0 C L
L L L C L C L
L L L C L L L
L L L L L L L
L L L C 0 C C
L L L L O C L
L L L L L C L
L C C L L C L
L L L C L C C
L L C L L C L
H O US E
OKLAHOMA
Harris , Fred R. (D)
Monroney. A. S. Mike (D)
OREGON
�, Wayne (D)
Neuberger, Maurine B. (D)
PENNSYLVANIA
Clark, Joseph S. (D)
Scott, Hugh (R)
RHODE ISLAND
Pastore. John O. (D)
Pell, Claiborne (D)
SOUTH CAROLINA
¯ Johnston, Olin D. (0;
Thurmond. Strom (R)
SOUTH DAKOTA
McGovern. George (D)
Mundt, Karl E. (R)
TENNESSEE
Bas s . Ross (D)
Gore. Albert (D)
TEXAS
�er , John G. (R)
Yarborough, Ralph W. (D)
UTAH
�nnett. Wallace F. (R)
Moss , Frank E. (D)
VERMONT
Aiken, George D. (R)
Prouty. Winston L. (R)
VIRGINIA
�Harry Flood (D)
Robertson, A. Willis (D)
WASHNGTON
Jackson, Henry M. (D)
Magnuson, Warren G. (D)
WEST VIRGINIA
Byrd. Robert C. (D)
Randolph, Jennings (D)
WISCONSIN
Nelson. Gaylord A. (D)
Proxmire, William (D)
WYOMING
McGee, Gale W. (D)
Simpson, Milward L. (R)
*Senator Johnston died April 18. 1 965.
4
L L L C L C L
L L 0 0 L C L
L L L C L C C
L L C L L L L
L L L L L 0 L
L L L C L C L
L L L L L C L
L L L L L L L
L L O O O O O
L C C C L C C
L L L L L C L
L C C L L C L
L L L L L L L
L L 0 L L L L
C C C C L C L
L L 0 L L L L
C L C C L C C
L L O O L C L
L L L C L L L
L L L C L C O
o C C C L C C
C C C C L C C
L L L C L C L
L L L L L C L
L L L L L C L
L L L L L C L
L L L C L O O
L C C C L L L
L L L L L L L
C C 0 C L C C
A "C" indicates a conservative stand. An "L" indicates a liberal stand. A "01 1 indicates the Representative was absent or did not take a public stand. A " - " indicates
that the Representative was not a member of Congress at the time of the vote. Representative Albert C. Watson of South Carolina cha,:ged party affiliation from
Democrat to Republican after Congress convened. He subsequently resigned to seek re- election in his Congressional District as a Republican. Informed observers say
he will be re -elected in a special election during June, 1 965. Hence, his first three votes of this session are recorded below.
Column #¡ - ¬ Seating Mississippi Delegation, H Res I; #2 -- House Rules Changes . H Res 8. #3 -- Aid to Nasser, H J Res 234. first vote; #4 -- Aid to Nasser, H J Res
234. second vote; #5 - ¬ Gold Backing. HR 381 8; #6 ¬¬ Disarmament Agency Funds. HR 2998; #7 - - Inter-American Bank Funds , HR 45
ALABAMA
Andrews. George W. (D)
Andrews. Glenn (R)
Buchanan. John H. , Jr. (R)
Dickinson, William L. (R)
Edwards . W. Jack. III (R)
Jones. Robert E. (D)
Martin, James D. (R)
Selden, Armistead I . . Jr. (D)
ALASKA
Rivers, Ralph J. (D)
AR[ZONA
�, John J. (R)
Senner , George F • • Jr. (D)
Udall, Morris K. (D)
ARKANSAS
Gathings, E. C. (D)
Harris. Oren (D)
Mills , Wilbur D. (D)
Trimble. James W. (D)
CALIFORN[A
Baldwin, John F. (R)
Bell, Alphonzo (R)
Brown, George E. , Jr. (D)
Burton. Phillip (D)
Cameron, Ronald B. (D)
Clausen. Don (R)
Clawson, Del (R)
Cohelan, Jeffery (D)
Corman. James C. (D)
Dyal, Kenneth W. (D)
Edwards, W. Donlon (D)
Gubser, Charles S. (R)
Hagen, Harlan (D)
Hanna, Richard T. (D)
Hawkins , Augustus F. (0)
Holifield. Chet (D)
Hosmer. Craig (R)
Johnson, Harold T. (D)
King, Cecil R. (D)
Leggett, Robert L. (D)
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
L
C
C
L
C
C
C
C
L
L
L
L
C
C
C
L
L
L
L
C
C
C
L
L
C
C
C
L
C
C
C
C
C
L
C
C
L
C
L
L
C
C
L
L
C
C
L
L
L
C
C
L
L
L
L
C
L
L
l
L
C
L
L
L
C
C
C
C
C
L
C
L
L
C
C
C
L
L
L
L
C
C
L
L
o
C
C
L
L
L
L
C
L
o
o
L
o
L
L
o
4
C
C
C
C
C
L
C
L
L
C
C
L
L
L
L
L
C
o
L
L
C
C
C
L
L
L
L
C
L
L
l
L
C
L
L
L
L
L
C
C
C
L
C
L
L
C
L
L
L
L
o
L
C
o
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CALIFORNIA (cont'd)
Lipscomb. Glenard P. (R)
Mailliard. William S. (R)
McFall, John J. (D)
Miller, George F. (D)
Moss, John E. (D)
Reinecke. Edwin (R)
Roosevelt. James (D)
Roybal, Edward R. (D)
Sisk, B. F. (D)
Smith. H. Allen (R)
Talcott, Burt L. (R)
Teague, Charles M. (R)
Tunney, John V. (D)
Utt, James B. (R)
Van Oeerlin. Lionel (0)
Wilson, Bob (R)
Wilson, Charles H. (D)
Younger. J. Arthur (R)
COLORADO
Aspinall, Wayne N. (D)
Evans, Frank E. (D)
McVicker. Roy H. (D)
Rogers . Byron G. (O)
CONNECTICUT
Daddario, Emilio Q. (D)
Giaimo, Robert N. (D)
Grabowski. Bernard P. (D)
Irwin, Donald J. (D)
Monogan, John S. (o)
St. Onge. William (D)
DELAWARE
MDowell, Harris B . • Jr. (D)
FLORIDA
Bennett. Charles E. (D)
Cramer. William C. (R)
FasceU. Dante B. (D)
Fuqua. Don (D)
Gibbons, Sam M. (D)
Gurney. Edward J. (R)
Haley. James A. (D)
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FLORIDA (cont ' d)
Herlong. A. Sydney, Jr. (D)
Matthews , D. R. (D)
Pepper, Claude (D)
Rogers, Paul G. (D)
Sikes. Robert L. F. (D)
GEORGIA
-ry, Howard H. (R)
Davis , John W. (D)
Flynt, John J. , Jr. (D)
Hagan. G. Elliott (D)
Landrum, Phil M. (D)
Mackay, James A. (D)
O' Neal, Maston E. (D)
Stephens , Robert G + • Jr. (D)
Tuten, J. Russell (0)
Weltner, Charles L. (D)
HAWAII
�unaga. Spark M. (D)
Mink, Patsy (D)
IDAHO
�sen. George V. (R)
White, Compton I . , Jr . (D)
ILLINOIS
Anderson, John B. (R)
Annunzio. Frank (D)
Arends. Leslie C. (R)
Collier, Harold R. (R)
Dawson, William L. (D)
Derwinski. Edward J. (R)
Erlenborn, John N. (R)
Findley. Paul (R)
Gray, Kenneth J. (D)
Kluczynski, John C. (D)
McClory, Robert (R)
Michel, Robert H. (R)
Murphy. William T. (D)
O' Hara, Barratt (D)
Price, Melvin (D)
Pucinski, Roman C. (D)
Reid, Charlotte (R)
Ronan, Dan (D)
Rostenkowski, Dan (D)
Rumsfeld, Donald (R)
Schisler, Gale (D)
Shipley, George E. (D)
Springer, William L. (R)
Yates , Sidney R. (D)
INDIANA
Adair, E. Ross (R)
Brademas , John (D)
Bray, William G. (R)
Denton, Winfield K. (D)
Halleck, Charles A . (R)
Hamilton, Lee H. (D)
Harvey, Ralph (R)
Jacobs, Andrew, Jr. (D)
Madden, Ray J. (D)
Roudebush, Richard L. (R)
Roush, J. Edward (D)
IOWA
-- ndstra, Bert (D)
Culver, John C. (D)
Greigg, Stanley L. (D)
Gross , H. R. (R)
Hansen, John R. (D)
Schmidhauser, John R. (D)
Smith, Neal (D)
KANSAS
-- , Bob (R)
Ellsworth, Robert F. (R)
Mize. Chester L. (R)
Shriver, Garner E. (R)
Skubitz, Joe (R)
KENTUCKY
Carter, Tim Lee (R)
Chelf, Frank (D)
Farnsley, Charles P. (D)
Natcher, William H. (D)
Perkins, Carl O. (D)
Stubblefield, Frank A. (D)
Watts , John C. {O}
LOUISIANA
Boggs , Hale (D)
Hebert, F. Edward (D)
Long, Speedy O. (D)
Morrison, James H. (D)
Passman, Otto E. (D)
Thompson, T. Ashton (D)
Waggonner, Joe D. , Jr. (D)
Willis, Edwin E. (O)
MAINE
�haway, William O. (D)
Tupper, Stanley R. (R)
MARYLAND
Fallon, George H. (D)
Friedel. Samuel N. (0)
Garmatz, Edward A. (D)
Long, Clarence O. (D)
Machen, Hervey G. (D)
Mathias , Charles McC. (R)
Morton, Rogers C. B. (R)
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MARYLAND (cont'd)
Sickles, Carlton R. (D)
MASSACHUSETTS
Bates, William H. (R)
Boland, Edward P. (D)
Burke, James A. (D)
Conte, Silvio O. (R)
Donohue, Harold D. (D)
Keith, Hastings (R)
Macdonald. Torbert H. (D)
Martin, Joseph W. , Jr. (R)
McCormack, John W. (D)
Morse. F. Bradford (R)
Philbin, Philip J. (D)
Or NeiLl, Thomas P. , Jr. (D)
MICHIGAN
Broomfield, William S. (R)
Cederberg, Elford A. (R)
Chamberlain, Charles E. (R)
Clevenger, Raymond F. (D)
Conyers, John J . , Jr. (D)
Diggs, Charles C . , Jr. (D)
Dingell, John ¯. (D)
Farnum, Billie S. (D)
Ford, Gerald R. , Jr. (R)
Ford, William O. (D)
Griffin, Robert P. (R)
Griffiths, Martha W. (D)
Harvey, James (R)
Hutchinson, Edward (R)
Mackie, John C. (D)
N edzi, Lucien N. (D)
Or Hara. James G. (D)
Todd, Paul H. (D)
Vivian, Weston E. (0)
MINNESOTA
Blatnik, John A. (D)
Fraser, Donald M. (D)
Karth, Joseph E. (D)
Langen, Odin (R)
MacGregor, Clark (R)
Nelsen, Ancher (R)
Olson, Alec G. (D)
Quie, Albert H. (R)
MISSISSIPPI
Abernethy. Thomas G. (D)
Colmer, William M. (D)
Walker , Prentis s (R)
Whitten, Jamie L. (D)
Williams, John Bell (D)
MISSOURI
Bolling, Richard (D)
Curtis , Thomas B. (R)
Hall, Durward G. (R)
Hull, W. R . , Jr. (D)
Hungate, William L. (D)
Ichord, Richard H. (D)
Jones, Paul C. (D)
Karsten, Frank M. (D)
Randall, William J. (D)
Sullivan, Leonor Kretzer (D)
MONTANA
Battin, James F. (R)
Olsen, Arnold (D)
NEBRASKA
Callan, Clair A. (D)
Cunningham, Glenn (R)
Martin, David T. (R)
NEVADA
Baring. Walter S. (D)
NEW HAMPSHIRE
Cleveland, James C. (R)
Huot, J. Oliva (D)
NEW JERSEY
Cahill, William T. (R)
Daniels, Dominick V. (D)
Dwyer, Florence P. (R)
Frelinghuysen, Peter, Jr. (R)
Gallagher, Cornelius E. (D)
Helstoski, Henry {D}
Howard, James J. (D)
Joelson. Charles S. (D)
Krebs. Paul J. (D)
McGrath, Thomas C. , Jr. (D)
Minish, Joseph G. (D)
Patten, Edward J . , Jr. (D)
Rodino, Peter W. , Jr. (O)
Thompson, Frank, Jr. (D)
Widnall, William B. (R)
NEW MEXICO
Morris, Thomas G. (D)
Walker, E. S. (D)
NEW YORK
Addabbo, Joseph P. (D)
Bingham, Jonathan B. (D)
Carey, Hugh L. (D)
Ce¡¡e+, E¬.n¬ue1 (¡)
Conable, Barber B • • Jr. (R)
Delaney, James L. (D)
Dow, John G. (D)
Dulski, Thaddeus J. (D)
Farbstein, Leonard (D)
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C L L L L
C C L L L
NEW YORK (cont'd)
Fino, Paul A. (R)
Gilbert. Jacob H. (D)
Goodell. Charles E. (R)
Grover, James R . , Jr . (R)
Halpern, Seymour (R)
Hanley, James M. (D)
Horton, Frank J. (R)
Kelly. Edna F. (D)
Keogh, Eugene J . (D)
King, Carleton J. (R)
Lindsay, John V. (R)
McCarthy, Richard D. (D)
McEwen. Robert C. (R)
Multer, Abraham J. (D)
Murphy. John M. (D)
O' Brien, Leo W. (D)
Ottinger, Richard L. (D)
Pike. Otis G. (D)
Pirnie, Alexander (R)
Powell, Adam Clayton (D)
Reid. Ogden R. (R)
Resnick, Joseph Y. (D)
Robison, Howard W. (R)
Rooney, John J. (D)
Rosenthal, Benjamin S. (D)
Ryan, William Fitts (D)
Scheuer, James H. (D)
Smith, Henry P . . III (R)
Stratton, Samuel S. (D)
Ten�der . Herbert (D)
W oII!, Lester L. (D)
Wydler. John W. (R)
NORTH CAROLINA
Bonner, Herbert C. (D)
Broyhill, James T. (R)
Cooley, Harold D. (D)
Fountain, L. H. (D)
Henderson, David N. (D)
Jonas, Charles Raper (R)
Kornegay, Horace R. (D)
Lennon, Alton (D)
Scott. Ralph J. (D)
Taylor. Roy A. (D)
Whitener, Basil L, (D)
NORTH DAKOTA
Andrews, Mark (R)
Redlin, Rolland (D)
OHIO
-; hbrook. John M. (R)
Ashley, Thomas L. (D)
Ayres, William H. (R)
Betts. Jackson E. (R)
Bolton, Frances P. (R)
Bow. Frank T. (R)
Brown, Clarence J. (R)
Clancy, Donald D. (R)
Devine, Samuel L. (R)
Feighan, Michael A. (D)
Gilligan, John J. (D)
Harsha, William H . . Jr. (R)
Hays . Wayne L. (D)
Kirwan, Michael J. (D)
Latta. Delbert L. (R)
Love, Rodney M. (D)
McCulloch. William M. (R)
Minshall, William E. (R)
Moeller. Walter H. (D)
Mosher. Charles A. (R)
Secrest, Robert T. (D)
Stanton. J. William (R)
Sweeney, Robert E. {D}
Yanik, Charles A. (D)
OKLAHOMA
Albert. Carl (D)
Belcher, Page (R)
Edmondson, Ed (D)
Jarman, John (D)
Johnson, Jed, Jr. (O)
Steed. Tom (D)
OREGON
-- n, Robert B. (D)
Green. Edith (D)
Ullman. Al (D)
Wyatt, Wendell (R)
PENNSYLVANIA
Barrett. William A. (D)
Byrne. James A. (D)
Clark. Frank M. (D)
Corbett, Robert J. (R)
Craley, N. Neiman, Jr. (D)
Curtin, Willard S. (R)
Dague. Paul B. (R)
Dent, John H. (D)
Flood. Daniel J. (D)
Fulton, James G. (R)
Green, William J . . III (D)
Holland, Elmer J. (D)
Johnson. Albert W. (R)
Kunkel. John C. (R)
McDade, Joseph M. (R)
Moorhead. William S. (D)
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PENNSYLVANIA (cont'd)
Morgan, Thomas E. (D)
Nix, Robert N. c. (D)
Rhodes. George M. (D)
Rooney. Fred B. (D)
Saylor. John P. (R)
Schneebeli. Herman T. (R)
Schweiker. Richard S. (R)
Toll. Herman (D)
Vigorito, Joseph P. (D)
Watkins, G. Robert (R)
Whalley, J. Irving (R)
RHODE ISLAND
Fogarty. John E. (D)
St. Germain, Fernand J. (D)
SOUTH CAROLINA
Ashmore, Robert T. (D)
Dorn, W. J. Bryan (D)
Gettys , Thomas S. (D)
McMillian, John L. (D)
Rivers , L. Mendel (D)
Watson. Albert W. (R)
SOUTH DAKOTA
Berry. E. Y. (R)
Reifel, Ben (R)
TENNESSEE
Anderson. William R. (D)
Brock, William E. , III (R)
Duncan, John J. (R)
Everett, Robert A. (D)
Evins. Joe L. (D)
Fulton. Richard (D)
Grider. George W. (D)
Murray, Tom (D)
Quillen, James H. (R)
TEXAS
-- kworth, Lindley (D)
Brooks, Jack (D)
Burleson, Omar (D)
Cabell. Earle (D)
Casey, Bob (D)
de la Garza, Eligio (D)
Dowdy. John (D)
Fisher. O. C. (D)
Gonzalez, Henry B. (D)
Mahon, George H. (D)
Patman, Wright (D)
Pickle. J. J. (D)
Poage. W. R. (D)
Pool. Joe (D)
Purcell, Graham (D)
Roberts . Ray (D)
Rogers , Walter (D)
Teague. Olin E. (D)
Thomas, Albert (D)
Thompson, Clark W. (D)
White, Richard C. (D)
Wright, James C . , Jr. (D)
Young. John (D)
UTAH
-- rton, Laurence J. (R)
King. David S. (D)
VERMONT
StaUord. Robert T. (R)
VIRGINIA
Abbitt, Watkins M. (D)
Broyhill, Joel T. (R)
Downing, Thomas N. (D)
Hardy, Porter, Jr. (D)
Jennings. W. Pat (D)
Marsh. John 0. , Jr. (D)
PoU, Richard H. (R)
Satterfield, David E. , III (D)
Smith, Howard W. (D)
Tuck, William M. (D)
WASHINGTON
Adams, Brockman (D)
Foley. Thomas S. (D)
Hansen, Julia Butler (D)
Hicks. Floyd V. (D)
May. Catherine (R)
Meeds. Lloyd (D)
Pelly. Thomas M. (R)
WEST VIRGINIA
Heckler, Ken (D)
Kee, James (D)
Moore. Arch A • • Jr. (R)
Slack. John M « • Jr. (D)
Staggers, Harley O. (D)
WISCONSIN
Byrnes . John W. (R)
Davis. Glenn R. (R)
Kastenmeier. Robert W. (D)
Laird, Melvin R. (R)
0lKonski. Alvin E. (R)
Race. John A. (D)
Reuss, Henry S. (D)
Stalbaum, Lynn E. (D)
Thomson, Vernon W. (R)
Zablocki, Clement J. (D)
WYOMING
Roncalio, Teno (D)
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ÏMË
III Smoot Re,olt
Vol. I I , No. 23 (Broadcast 5 1 1 ) June 7, 1 965 Dallas, Texas
DAN SMOOT
THE F RUI TS OF L I BE RAL I SM
P:es|ceot Lyocoo ß )o|osoo says t|e c:|ae :ate |as coa||ec |o 2 5 yea:s t|at |t |as |o·
c:easec ave t|aes as |ast as µoµa|at|oo | o t|e µast seveo yea:s T|ose aga:es g:oss|y aoce:·
state t|e |oc:ease |o c:|ae, aoc g|ve oo |cea o| t|e |o::|||e cooc|t|oo actaa||y µ:eva|||og.
). £cga:Hoove:, D|:ecto: o|t|e lßI, :eceot|yto|cacoog:ess|ooa|coaa|ttee.
"You cannot walk the streets of New York with safety, you cannot do it in Washington, D. C. ,
and you cannot do it in Chicago. All through the country, almost without exception, that con­
dition prevails."(2)
T|at g|ves soae |o|||og o| t|e ex|st|og aoa:c|y The New York Wodd-Telegram and Sun
|as wa:oec t|at µeoµ|e aay sooo |e |o:cec to t:ave| |o a:aecg:oaµs |o: se|| ce|eose, eveo | o
|:oac cay||g|t. T|at wa:o|og |e|µs |:|og t|e µ|cta:e |oto |ocas , |at|t |s |aµoss|||e to coa·
µ:e|eoc t|e |o::o: o| w|at |s |aµµeo|og w|t|oat :ev|ew|og soae ceta||s.
Io ma:c|, l º:!, a aao attac|ec Cat|e:|oe Geoovese oo a st:eet | o New Yo:| C|ty. He
sta||ec |e: seve:a| t|aes aoc :ao away, |at caae |ac| a |ew a|oates |ate:, |oaoc |e: st|| |
a||ve, sta||ec |e: soae ao:e, aoc :ao aga|o Not sat|saec, |e:eta:oec, t||s t|ae sta|||og t|e
woaao aot|| s|e was ceac. l:oa eeg|oo|og to eoc, t||s |oc|ceot |astec a|oat ª· a|oates. At
|east ªº µeoµ|e watc|ec |:oa ca:|eoec aµa:taeot w|ocows, |at c|c oot||og. A|te: t|e t||:c
attac|, w||c| |e|t Cat|e:|oe Geoevese ceac, ooe w|toess ca||ec µo|.ce W|eo |ote:v|ewec
|ate:, w|toesses oûe:ec oo aµo|og|es |o: t|e|: |e|av|o: T|ey c|c oot||og |ecaase t|ey we:e
a|:a|c :o |ecoae |ovo|vec"' T|e aa:ce:e: |as oot yet |eeo |ceot|aec.
·|o:t|y a|te: t|e Geoovese aa:ce:, soae !c sµectato:s |oNew\o:|C|ty|goo:ect|ec:|eso|
a oace, sc:eaa|og r º·yea:·o|cg|:|w|o|ac |eeo |eateoauc:aµec Neeue aevec te|e|µ e:te
get|e|µ,eveow|eot|eattac|e:µoaocecaga|o.( 4)
THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, a magazine published every week by The Dan Smoot Report, Inc., mail­
ing address P. O. Box 9538, Lakewo Station, Dallas, Texas 75214; Telephone TAylor 1 -2303 (office
address 6441 Gaston Avenue) . Subscription rates: $1 0.00 a year, $6.00 for 6 months, $1 8.00 for two years.
For frst class mail $1 2.50 a year; by airmail ( including APO and FPO) $1 4.50 a year. Reprints of specifc
issues: I copy for 25¢; 6 for $1 .00; 50 for $5.50; 1 00 for $10.00-each price for bulk mailing to one person.
Add 2% sales tax on all orders originating in Texas for Texas delivery.
Copyright by Dan Smoot, 1965. Second class mail privilege authorized at Dallas, Texas.
No Reproductions Permittd.
Page 177
T|ese two c:|aes, occa::|og |o :elat|vely sale
a:eas oi New Yo:| C|ty, seot c||l|s oi iea:
t|:oag| ot|e: oe|g||o:|oocs w|e:e savage:y |s
coaaooµ|ace. C:owo He|g|ts |o ß:oo|lyo, a
la:gely )ew|s| coaaao|ty, |o:ce:s ß:oo|lyos
ßecio:c·:tayvesaotsect|oow||c|coota|os ooeoi
t|e |eav|est cooceot:at|oos oi oeg:oes |o New
Yo:| C|ty. To g|ve t|easelves soae µ:otect|oo
aga|ost :avag|og aoc µ|l|ag|og oeg:oes, C:owo
He|g|ts :es|ceots o:gao|zec t|e|: owo v|g|laote
µat:ols. New Yo:|s aot|·gao laws µ:o||||t t|e
v|g||aotes i:oa ca::y|og weaµoos w|t| w||c| to
ceieoc t|ease|ves o: ot|e:s , |at t|ey µat:ol |o
:ac|o·eqa|µµec ca:s, aoc oo ioot w|t| cogs, to
g|vesac|a|cast|eycao,aocto call µol|cew|eo
t|ey see a c:|ae |e|og coaa|ttec.(3,5)
T|e µat:ols |ave |elµec, |at oot eooag|. Co
mayªc, i º:!,aoeg:oaaocaag|ta)ew|s|sc|ool
teac|e: alooe |o t|e seli·se:v|ce elevato: oi |e:
aµa:taeot |a|lc|og |o C:owo He|g|ts He |eat,
:aµec, aocaa:ce:ec |e: Pol|cesa|ct|ewoaao
was |o|iec ooce |o t|e io:e|eac, tw|ce |o t|e
oec|, ioa: t|aes |o t|e a|coaeo.··
Ao o:gy oi savage:y iollowec t||s c:|ae. ma·
:aac|ogoeg:oes |eat, |o|iec, :o||ec, :aµec, aoc
te::o:|zec |o sa|ways, oo st:eets, t:a|os, aoc ie:-
:|es. '·
Twooeg:oes io:cec a iº-yea:-olcWo:lcsla|:
wa|t:ess oûa c|tyst:eet at |o|ieµo|otaoc c:ove
|e: to a woocec a:ea w|e:e |ot| :aµec |e:''
Agaogoiªcoeg:oesswa:aec|otoaoelevatec
t:a|o atCooeyIslaoc,assaaltecw||te µasseoge:s,
w:ec|ec seats, |:o|e l|g|t |al|s. T|ey leit t|e
t:a|oata ß:oo|lyostoµw|e:et|eysaas|ec |oto
a |eaaty µa:lo: aoc :o||ec |t. Pol|ce a::|vec |o
t|aetoa::est i. oi t|e oeg:oes. W||tes µoa:ec
oat oitave:os aoc |oaes to watc|. T|e|: aooc
:osetoa ||g|µ|tc|oiaoge:w|eoµol|ce ca::|ec
i:oa a sa|way eot:aoce a w||te |oy w|oa t|e
oeg:oes |ac |eateo |oto |oseos|||l|ty.(
8
)
Co a sa|way t:a|o |o lowe: mao|attao, ioa:
oeg:oes attac|ec aoc |o|iec a i ¯-yea:·olc w||te
|oy.T|eoeg:oes, all j aveo|les,we:ea::estec|at
ootj a|lec.T|eywe:e:eleasec|ocastocyoit|e|:
µa:eots, |ecaase t|e w||te |oywas oot ¨|oj a:ec
se:|oasly.' '·
Co a le::y l:oa ·tateo Islaoc to Hao|attao,
.coeg:oes:aow|lc,s|oat|ogo|sceo|t|esatw||te
µasseoge:s, w:ec||og a :ei:es|aeot staoc, :o|-
||og t|e woaao atteocaot Pol|ce aace oo a:-
:ests, |ecaasew||tesoot|e |oatwe:etoo |:|g|t·
eoec to |ceot|iy t|e t|ags.(3)
Co a sa|way t:a|o aoce: t|e oeg:o sect|oo oi
ß:oo||yo, ioa: oeg:oes io:cec t|e|:way |oto t|e
aoto:aaoscoaµa:taeot. Coeoeg:oj aaaec t|e
|lace oi a aeat cleave: aga|ost t|e aoto:aao' s
t|:oataoct|:eateoec to cat||s|eacoû|ecaase
|ewasw||te. H|scoaµao|oos µe:saacec ||aoot
to coaa|taa:ce: , |at t|e ioa:, a:aec w|t|t|e
aeat cleave: aoc ot|e: weaµoos, :acec t|:oag|
t|e sa|way t:a|o, |ooc||og cowo w||te µas-
seoge:s, saas||ogw|ocows.( 3)
Co )aly i :, i º:!, Pol|ce L|eateoaot T|oaas
G|ll|gao t:|ec to a::est )aaes Powell, a i ··yea:-
olc oeg:o, |o i:oot oi a New Yo:| aµa:taeot
|oase T|e |oy aao·s|zec aoc ie:oc|oas
attac|ec t|eomce: w|t| a|o|ie.Lt. G|ll|gaos|ot
aoc ||llec ||a. Neg:o aoc c|v|l :|g|ts leace:s
accasecG|ll|gaooiaa:ce:.Ha:leaoeg:oesweot
oo a :aaµage. New Yo:| Pol|ce Coaa|ss|ooe:
m|c|ael ). ma:µ|yao||l|zec ||s .:, ccc·aea|e:
µol|ce io:ce to saµµ:ess t|e |loocy oeg:o :|ots.
Neg:o aoc c|v|l :|g|ts leace:s ceaaocec ma:-
µ|y's :es|goat|oo, accas|og ||a ol µol|ce |:a-
tal|tyma:µ|y:eiasecto:es|go,aocaNewYo:l
Coaoty G:aoc )a:y, aite: ta||og i ¯cc µages oi
test|aooy, :eiasec to |oc|ct Lt. G|ll|gao. T|e
NewYo:|µol|ce:ev|ew|oa:cstac|ect|eg:aoc
j a:y test|aooy aoc cooclacec t|at G|ll|gao |ac
actec |oseliceieose.( 8)
Neg:oaocc|v|l:|g|tsag|tato:sceaaocect|at
a civilian :ev|ew |oa:c |e c:eatec to |ovest|gate
t|e|: c|a:ges oi µol|ce |:atal|ty. Coaa|ss|ooe:
Ha:µ|yst:ooglyoµµosect||s,|oow|ogt|e|oa:1
woalc |eµac|ecw|t| ag|tato:s al:eacy a aajo:
|aoc|caµ to law eoio:ceaeot. mayo: Wagoe:
saµµo:tec ceaaocs io: a c|v|l|ao :ev|ew |oa:c.
Lveotaally,ac|tycoaoc|lstacycoaa|tteeio:aal·
ly :ecoaaeocec esta|l|s|aeot ol a |oa:c. Coa·
a|ss|ooe:ma:p|y :es|goec.(8)
T|eAae:|caoC|v|lL||e:t|esLo|oo|act:|ec
Pae 178
togetCoaa|ss|ooe:ma:µ|y û:ec |o l º:ª, aite:
a New Yo:| µol|ceaao ||llec a aa:ce:e: io a
gao |attl e.(9) £sta|l|s||og c|v|l|ao :ev|ew |oa:cs.
aoat|ooalµ:oj ectoit|eACLL, |satact|cw||c|
ACIL aoc s|a|la: leitw|og g:oaµs a:e as|og to
get :|c oigooc law omce:s aoc to c:|µµle w|at
|sleitoieûect|velaweoio:ceaeot.
(
10)
C||eiW|l·
l|aa H. Pa:|e: oiLos Aogeles |as al:eacy sa|c
|e w|ll :es|go |i a c|v|l|ao :ev|ew |oa:c |s es·
ta|l|s|ec |oLosAogeles.
(
11
)
Iokoc|este:,NewYo:|,oo)aly :!, i º:!,two
w||te µol|ceaeo a::estec a c:ao| aoc c|so:ce:ly
oeg:o. A gaog oi oeg:oes w|o sa::oaocec t|e
omce:ssooo |ecaae a ao| oia|oat!ccc. T|ey
:agect|:oag|ao:et|ao·cc|ty||oc|s,|ooc||og
oat sto:e w|ocows aoc µ|llag|og, as|og gaos,
|:|c|s,|ottles, aocaolotovcoc|ta|ls aga|ostoat·
oaa|e:ec µol|ce. 1|e Nat|ooa| Gaa:c :esto:ec
o:ce:oo)aly::.loa:w||teaeo|ac|eeo||l|ec,
ª· c µe:soos (| oclac|og ª · µol|cej |ac |eeo |o·
j a:ec, ao:e t|ao a a|ll|oo colla:s |o µ:oµe:ty
caaage |ac :esaltec i:oa t|eit, vaoca||sa, aoc
û:es.
(12)
koc|este:|saµ:osµe:oasc|tyoia|oatªcc,ccc,
w|e:e w||tes |ave loog µ:|cec t|easelves oo
el|a|oat|og:ac|alseg:egat|ooaoc c|sc:|a|oat|oo.
Neg:oess|a:et|egeoe:alµ:osµe:|ty- owoûoe
|oaes |o t|e |est oe|g||o:|oocs, a|ogle i:eely
w|t|w||tes. mo:egoocj o|sa:esa|cto|eava|l·
a|le to oeg:oes |o koc|este: t|ao |o aoy ot|e:
c|ty oi coaµa:a|le s|ze. Yet, aite: t|e :|ots, oi·
ûc|als oi t|e Nat|ooal Assoc|at|oo io: t|e Ac
vaoceaeotoiColo:ecPeoµleceaaocect|atko-
c|este:µ:ov|ceao:ej o|s io: oeg:oes aoc aa|e
|aaec|ate |aµ:oveaeot |o |oas|og aoc :ec:ea-
t|ooal iac|l|t|es.
(12)
iovest|gat|ogt|e:|ots,U. S. News & Wodd Re­
port |ote:v|ewec a koc|este: c|v|c leace: w|o
sa|c
"The city seems to have become a victim of
its own generosity. Rochester is known as a soft
touch for welfare and relief chiselers. As a re­
sult, there has been a large infux of shiftless
Negroes with no real desire to work for a living.
"In 1950, there were only about 6,500 Negroes
in Rochester. Now there are 33,000. Many of
the newcomers are ne'er-do-wells. They are the
people who live in squalor, who won't try to
better themselves, whose main interest seems to
be where the next bottle of booze is coming from.
"They are the people who ran wild when a
crowd of boozed-up Negroes attacked a couple
of policemen. They weren't 'demonstrating' for
anything. They used the riot as an excuse to
see how much they could get away with -
wrecking and sacking hundreds of stores - but
making sure they cleared out the liquor stores
frst. They got away with enough liquor to keep
them drunk for six months. "( 12)
D:. ßeojaa|o Pollac|, a µsyc||at:|st w|o |s
ass|staotc|:ecto: oit|ekoc|este::tateHosµ|tal,
sa|c
"Rochester is the last place a thing like this
should have happened. Many of our Negroes
here live in greater afluence than those of their
race almost anywhere else in the country. Com­
munity leaders have worked for years to break
down racial barriers. Half the employes at the
State hospital, for example, are Negroes . . .
"(12)
Ao|ocast:|al|st ( w|o|as|eeoa |eyûga:e |o
koc|este: s eûo:ts to µ:ese:ve :ac|al µeace aoc
|elµ oeg:oes j sa| c
"I have found that 'police brutality'-as Ne­
groes see it-is anything that involves a colored
person and an ofcer of the law, even a mild
reprimand or an order to 'move on.'
"Police are aware of the fact that a 'brutality'
charge by any Negro who is arrested quickly
becomes a political issue, with the arresting of·
cer often punished for doing his duty.
"The trouble that rocked this city got out of
hand because police-inhibited by fears of 'bru·
tality' charges - didn't start using their night.
sticks soon enough.
"Another thing I have found is this: The atti·
tude of Negroes seems to be, more and more,
'The white man has got to give me something -
and if he doesn't give it to me right away, I'll
grab it.'
"You j ust can't win. You try to do what you
can, and Negroes don't respond.
"You build them high-rise apartments, and
almost overnight those new apartments become
Page 179
high-rise slums. You ofer them educational op­
portunities, and they reject them.
"You try to train them for skilled work, and,
by and large, they aren't interested. You ofer
them jobs, then, that require nothing more than
a strong back, and they - many of them - j ust
sneer at you.
"They know that here in Rochester they can
live on relief handouts and city charity without
doing a day's work." (12
)
Io New Yo:| C|ty, t|e:e |s oo legal seg:ega·
t|oo o: c|sc:|a|oat|oo aga|ost oeg:oes. Ioceec,
soaeoit|eaot|·c|sc:|a|oat|oolawsaocµ:act|ces
|oNewYo:|actaal|yc|sc:|a|oateaga|ostw||tes,
iavo:oeg:oes. Yet, t|e c|ty |s st|l l la:gely seg:e-
gatec oeg:oes c|oos|ogto cooceot:ate |ot|e|:
owo oe|g||o:|oocs. kac|al ag|tato:s call sac|
volaota:y cooceot:at|oo de facto segregation.
T|ey waot eoio:cec |oteg:at|oo, esµec|ally |o
sc|ools.:µec|acally,t|eyceaaoct|atw||tec|||·
c:eo |e io:cec to t:avel ac:oss towo to atteoc
sc|ools |o oeg:o c|st:|cts, t|at oeg:o c||lc:eo |e
io:cec to atteoc sc|ools |o w||te c|st:|cts. New
Yo:| C|ty aat|o:|t|es |ave y|elcec to t|ese ce·
aaocs to a coos|ce:a||e ceg:ee, |at oµµos|t|oo
i:oaw||teµa:eotsaoc ||g| costsoi sac| ¨|as·
|og¨ |ave µ:eveotec iall coaµl|aoce w|t| t|e
ag|tato:s' ceaaocs.
Io)aoaa:y, l º:·, t|ekeve:eocm|ltooA. Gala·
a|soo, a oeg:o, |o|t|atec a µ:oloogec |oycott oi
sc|ools |o oeg:o c|st:|cts, to µ:otest ce iacto
seg:egat|oo. T||s |eµt a|oat · ·cc oeg:o yoaog-
ste:soatoisc|oo|,leav|ogt|eai:eeto :oaat|e
st:eets. CoIe|:aa:y i :, i º:· , a|oat !cc oit|ea
:ao w|lc |o ß:oo|lyo, attac||og w||tes aoc µo·
l|ce, cest:oy|og µ:oµe:ty. T|e v|oleoce l astec
t|:ee cays.
( 13)
Co t|e o|g|t oi ma:c| i · , i º:· , a gaog oi
yoaogoeg:oes t:|ec to :aµe t|:ee oeg:o g|:ls oo
t|e 1oo: oi a aov|og sa|way ca:. A w||te |oy
:as|ecto|elµt|eg|:ls1|eoeg:ot|agssta||ec
||atoceat|,aoc1ec. A|oat ic aca|tµasseoge:s
|o t|e ca: s|leotly watc|ec t|e atteaµtec :aµe
aoc t|e aa:ce:, co|og oot||og.( 14)
Iollow|og t||s c:|ae, aat|o:|t|es o:ce:ec ao
a:aec µat:olaaoto:|ceeve:y sa|way t:a|o ca:·
|og t|e aost caoge:oas eveo|og |oa:s , aoc t|ey
o:ce:ec t|at ooe ca: oo eac| t:a|o |e ially seg·
:egatec ( io: woaeo oolyj , µ:otectec |y sµec|al
gaa:cs.(15)
As t|e sµ:|og oi i º:· c:ew to a close, New
Yo:|e:s|:acect|easelvesio:aoot|e:saaae:oi
v|oleoceaocte::o:.
fooc|t|oos |o Was||ogtoo, D C, a:ea|oat
t|esaaeas |oNewYo:|C|ty. Notet|e iollow·
|og i:oa a Chicago Tribune sto:y
"Thirty-six girls and boys from Maine, who
had come here to march in the National School
Safety Patrol parade, walked out of their hotel
for a little sight seeing the other evening-into
an ambush by one of the wolf pack gangs of the
nation's capital.
"The young visitors were stoned, manhandled
and jeered by a mob of Negro boys before they
could run back to their hotel . 4 . .
"A 1 7 -year-old girl, who fell while trying to
escape a wolf pack, was raped by 1 0 boys. A
pack of 25 beat and robbed two women they had
come upon in a stalled car. Two teen-age girls,
who had hailed a cab and held up the driver,
shot him in the back as he tried to fee.
"A bus driver was brutally beaten and robbed
by a small pack, while 39 passengers watched
without giving help.
"All this is happening in a capital . . . where
85 percent of the cab drivers fear to work at
night . . . where men as well as women are afraid
to leave their homes after sundown . . . . where
the Johnson administration is pressing for mil­
lions to build a national cultural center, which
lovers of the arts could visit only at the peril of
their lives.
"Policemen with dogs roam the grounds of
the Capitol itself. But they cannot prevent such
attacks on tourists as that in which a woman was
beaten down and robbed on the Capitol steps
by girls who even smashed her eye glasses.
"Police are assigned to escort women employes
of members of Congress to their cars when
the women leave work at night. Women em­
ployes of the Supreme Court, facing the Capitol,
are similarly guarded.
Page 180
¯~
"Rep. John McFall (D., Cal. ), has said it is
irony for Chief Justice Earl Warren's court to
guard its women while making rulings that ham·
per the police and protect the criminal. One Su­
preme Court ruling . . . under fre is known
as the Mallory rule. Under it judges free mur­
derers and criminals whom the judges deem to
have been held too long before arraignment,
even tho guilt is evident.
"The Durham rule by the United States Court
of Appeals is another rule of which the police
complain.
"Un�er it a jury here found a rapist not guilty
of rapmg three women. But it found him guilty
of robbing the same three women at the same
time the rapes were committed. He had pleaded
insanity, and the j ury invoked the rule, holding
that he was insane about rape but sane about
robbery . . . .
"Members of wolf packs now taunt the police
with:
" 'I don't have to talk to you or even give you
my name unless you have got a charge against
me.'
"Many of the wolf packs are made up of
j uveniles under 18 years of age. When j uveniles
are arrested, their names are kept secret on the
ground that allowing the public to know of their
crimes would injure their tender sensibilities.
"A j udge here recently turned loose upon the
community four hardened j uvenile criminals who
had been so violent in one federal institution
that they had been transferred to another. The
j udge ruled that the transfer violated the juve·
niles' rights . . . .
"The cruelty of Washington's wolf packs is
incomprehensible. When young criminals fn­
ished robbing an elderly concert pianist recently,
they beat him to death with a tree limb . . . .
"Some of the wolf packs, after beating their
victims to the ground, gouge their eyes and stomp
upon them to break their ribs . . . .
"Supporters . . . defend the criminal on the
ground that they can't fnd jobs. But house­
wives complain that they cannot hire servants,
clubs complain they cannot hire workers, and
building managers complain that they have to
do the work of employes who do not show up
for work.
(16)
A Was||ogtoo, D C coa:t cec|s|oo |o a|c·
may, i º:· , aace aatte:s eveo wo:se. Note t|e
io||ow|ogi:oa The Dallas Morning News, may
:!, i º:·
"Last week . . . . Chief Judge Morris Miller of
the . . . [ District of Columbia's] juvenile court
sentenced a 1 6-year.old youth to four years in
a correctional institution . . . . He [had] entered
the home of Mis� Jeanne E. Wright, 45 . . . and
. . . strangled and stabbed her to death . . . .
"Judge Miller, under the law, could have
referred the case to a federal district court for
handling of the defendant as an adult. However,
he
.
chose-after 'considerable mental anguish,' he
saId-to keep the case in juvenile court. The
youth will be scot-free when he is 2 1 . . . .
"The easy sentence handed out by Judge Mil­
ler can only make citizens wonder about much
less violent ofenses and just how little punish­
ment is meted out for them.
"Washington papers daily report numerous
muggings, yokings and robberies, frequently
committed by packs of teenagers who roam the
streets like wild animals.
"If a 4-year term is adequate for a savage
murder, what is proper punishment for youths
apprehended for merely beating up someone and
running away with a purse? . . .
1a:|y t||s yea:, |o C||cago, t|:ee teeo-age
¨gooi·|a|| ¨ acc|cts s|ot aoc iata||y woaocec a
::-yea:·e|c aao, aoc steec |y |aag||og, as |e
|aysc:eaa|og ßat|oC||cage, ase|sew|e:e, |aw
eoio:ceaeot |s |aoc|caµµec |y :ac|a| ag|tato:s
aoc |y t|e cea:ts le: exaaµ|e twe C||cago
µo||ceaeo oet|cec twe aeo oo a s|cewa||, ooe
aeoac|og |ystaoce:s w|t| a |:e|eo |ee: |ott|e.
T|e aeo :es.stec a::est. Coe omce: was j a||ec
|ot|eiacew.t|t|e|:e|eo|ott|e,|ooc|ectot|e
g:oaoc, aoc ||c|ec T|e µo||ce c:ew t|e|: gaos
aoc sa|caec t|e t|ags, |at c|c oot û:e. T|e
woaocec omce: sµeot :ª cays |o a |oµ|tal. Co
ma:c| ·, i º:·, C:|a|oa|Coa:t)acgeGeo:geN.
Le|g|tooi:eect|etwoaeo,say|ogt|at,|yc:aw·
|ogt|e|:gaos,t|eµo||ceaeoasecexcess|veio:ce.
Judge Leighton, a negro, was formerly president
of t|eC||cagoc|apte:oit|eNAACP.(17)
Pag 181
Co ma:c| :, l º´· , e|g|t oeg:oes attac|ec a
l ´·yea:·o|c w||te g|:| oo a sa|way µ|atio:a |o
P|||ace|µ||a T|ey c:aggec t|e g|:|, sc:eaa|og
aoc st:agg||og, cowo t|e t:ac| to :aµe |e: :|x
aeostaoc|ogeot|eµ|atie:awatc|ec µass|ve|y
A . ·-yea:·o|c oava| a|: :ese:v|st i:ea At|aota,
Geo:g|a, :aoto :escae t|e g|:|. T|eoeg:oes |eat
||asosavage|yt|at|ewas|ate:|osµ|ta||zec,|at
|eaaoagecto|:ea||oeseaocsaaaooa µo||ce·
aao i:ea t|e st:eet a|ove, |o t|ae te save t|e
g|:|.
(18)
Io P|||ace|µ||a, oo may :, i º´· , t|:ee oeg:o
teeo·age:s accestec i ··yea:·o|c £|ae: k|s|, ):. ,
as |eva||ec |oae i:oa sc|oo|. £|ae:, a |:a|o·
caaagecc|||c, sµe|e|a|t|og|y.Loa||etoaoce:·
staoc £|ae:s aoswe: to t|e|: qaest|oo, t|e
oeg:oes|eataocsta||ec||atoceat|.T|ey|atet
to|c µe||cet|ey c|c oet|oow£|ae:aoc|acoot
|oteocec to |||| ||a ¨We we:e j ast go|og to
g:ease a w||te |oy, ¨ t|ey exµ|a|oec.
( 19)
As t|e |a:|a:|sasµ:eacs |ooa:|aoc, coa:ts,
co·gooce:s, c|v|| :|g|ts act|v|sts, :ac|a| ag|tato:s,
aoc iece:a| omc|a|s coot|oae to aoce:a|oe t|e
a||||ty ei µe||ceto µ:ov|ce sec|ety aceqaate µ:e·
tect|oo Gao ceot:o| |aws esµec|a||y |o ||g
easte:oc|t|esw|e:ecooc|t|oosa:ewo:st aa|e
|t| ||ega|io:ceceotc|t|zeostoase,o:eveoµossess,
weapoos io: ceieose aga|ost savages, w|||e t|e
savages:eaat|est:eets|eav||ya:aec T|e)e|o·
sooaca|o|st:at|ooceaaocsaiece:a|gao·ceot:o|
|aw w||c| cao eveotaa||y c|sa:a all |awa||c|og
Aae:|caos.
A|o||t|oo oi a|| gao·ceot:o| |aws, |eav|og
Aae:|caos aoiette:ec |ot|e|:coost|tat|eoa|:|g|t
to |eep aoc |ea: a:as, a|g|tceao:eto ca:ta||
c:|a|oa| v|e|eoce t|ao eve:yt||og :eceaaeocec
|y|||e:a|peot|acato:s. ·`'Letaiew|ooc|aasget
||||ec |y t|e|: |oteocec v|ct|as, aoc t|e :est
woa|c|eg|oto:est:a|ot|ease|ves, |ecaase|ooc·
|aas a:ecowa:cs. £veo |i |e|pia|, |oweve:, t||s
wee|c |e sepe:ic|a| t:eataeot ei a syaptoa oi
a oat|ooa| c|sease. Weaast|oo|ceepe:| otot|e
sea|oioa:oat|ooto ûoct|ecaasesaoct|eca:e
io: c:|a|oa| aoa:c|y.
T|ecoa:tsa:eaac|to||aaeio:t|ecaoce:oas
g:owt| oi c:|ae aoc |oceceocy. T|e :aµ:eae
Coa:t aoce: £a:| Wa::eo |as aace a s|aa||es
oi oa: |aws. :accessia| eoio:ceaeot oi |aws |o·
teocec to µ:otect ||ie aoc µ:oµe:ty |s v|:taa||y
|aµess|||e|i¨:ac|a|¨ o:¨|a|o:¨ ove:tooes a:e|o
aoyway|ovo|vec.
T|e:esµeos|||||tyei:ac|a|aocc|v||:|g|tsag|·
tato:s io: t|e sµ:eac|og |o::o: |s o|v|oas, aoc
so |st|e:esµoos|||||ty ei c|a:c|es H|g|omc|a|s
oiaaoyaaj e:ceooa|oat|eosaoc g:oaps oµeo|y
eoce:se c|v|| c|se|ec|eoce - aoet|e: oaae io:
aoa:c|y.
T|e Nat|ooa| Coaoc|| oi C|a:c|es |as µ|ayec
a cesµ|ca||e :o|e |oag|tat|og :ac|a| v|o|eoce. lo:
exaaµ|e, t|e Nat|ooa| Coaoc|| sµooso:ec a
¨Yoat| m|o|st:y Coosa|tat|oo oo kace,¨ at t|e
met|oc|st Geoe:a| ßoa:c oi £cacat|eoßa||c|og,
Nas|v|||e, Teooessee, )aoaa:y ´, :, 8, l º´!. Pa:·
t|c|µaots i:ea t|e Nat|ooa| Coaoc|| a:gaec t|at
c|||c:eo s|oa|c |e i:eec i:ea µa:eota| coot:o|
to co w|at t|ey µ|ease NCC sµo|esaeo |e·
aeaoec t|e iact t|at µa:eots |eeµ aaoy ||g|
sc|oo| staceots i:oa ta||og µa:t |o :ac|a| cea·
oost:at|eos :oae µa:t|c|µaots |ot|e coosa|tat|oo
sa|c |t |s geoc io: c|||c:eo to :ao aioa| oi t|e
µo||ce |t s|ows c|||c:eo w|at |s go|og oo |o
t|ewo:|c.
(211
T|eNat|ooa|Coaoc||aocseaec|a:c|es|ave
cooe aac| to co::aµt t|e ao:a|s oi oa: yoat|,
|y:ecoaaeoc|ogµo:oog:aµ||c ||te:ata:eaocby
ao easy·go|og pe:a|ss|veoess a|oat a|| ||ocs oi
|oceceot, |aw|ess ceocact.
Io t|e att|tace aoc µ:act|ces oi sac| c|a:c|·
aeo,weaoct|e:ootcaaseoioa:g:aveoat|ooa|
µ:o||ea A|aocooaeotoit|e teac||ogs eiGoc
oi Goc H|ase|i |as p:ocacec a seca|a:
pagao|sa w||c| |s cest:ey|og ea: c|v|||zat|eo.
Jeta||ta:|ao |||e:a|s co||e�t|v|sts |ave
|ecascowot||spat|,|yco::apt|ogea:t||o||og
Pag 182
w|t| |ceas oi soc|a||sa. :oc|a||sa |s at|e|st|c. It
sa|s|t|tates a|a|g|ty gove:oaeot io: A|a|g|ty
Goc. It :ej ects |oc|v|caa||sa io: col|ect|v|sa. It
ceg:aces |oc|v|caa| aeo, w|||e wo:s||µ|og a
iace|ess, soa||ess col|ect|veaao.
P:es|ceot )o|osoo s G:eat :oc|ety |s ioaocec
ooa New·T||o| cogaa w||.| |o|cs t|at oo |o·
c|v|caa| exceµt, µe:|aµs, a coost|ta:|ooa| coo·
se:vat|ve s|oa|c |e |e|c accoaota||e io: ||s
owo|e|av|o:, aaaos|oa|coeve:|e||aaec io:
oot saµµo:t|og ||ase|i aoc iaa||y, |e |s a|ways
av|ct|aoisoc|a|oµµ:ess|oo,o:oi|oeqa|t|esaoc
aa|acj astaeots|ooa:caµ|ta||st|csysteaAoa||e·
|oc|ec aaow|o :eiases towo:| |ecaase|ec|s·
l||es la|o:aocw|o lets ||s iaa||y||ve |owaot
|ecaase|e|asaqaeoc||esst||:stio:st:oogc:|o|
s|oa|c oot |e ceoso:ec, |e s|oa|c |e µ:ov|cec
tax·sa|s|c|zec |oas|og so |e cao |ave c:ao|eo
o:g|es at |oae, |es|oa|c get i:ee aec|ca| ca:e
to :esto:e ||s v|go: aite: ooe ce|aac| so t|at|e
cao eoj oy t|e oext ooe, t|e gove:oaeot s|oalc
µ:ov|cej o|·:et:a|o|ogsot|at|ew||l|aveava:|·
etyoij o|oµµo:tao|t|esto :eject. A woaaow|o
|as |l|eg|t|aate c|||c:eo s|oa|c oot |e |laaec.
:oc|ety |s at iaalt aoc s|oalc g|ve t|e woaao
||gge: welia:e c|ec|s to eocoa:age t|e |:eec|og
oiao:e |lleg|t|aates.
It |s a iact- astoo|s||og aoc g:|a, |ata iact
÷ t|at t|e g:owt| |o L. :. c:|ae :ates |as iol·
|owec t|eg:owt| oi t|esoc|a||st|cwelia:e state.
l:oa l º·· to l º:·, µoµalat|oo |o t|e Lo|tec
:tates |oc:easec · c7,, c:|ae :ates |oc:easec
l . · l ¯, gove:oaeot sµeoc|og (aµµ:ox|aately
ooe |ali oi w||c| |s io: we|ia:ej |oc:easec
l . l ·¯.
(22,23)
l|ga:es g|ve t|e l|e to t|e |||e:a| cooteot|oo
t|at µove:ty aoc aoeaµ|oyaeot a:e |as|c caases
oi c:|ae Io lº··, att|e |ottoa oi t|eg:eat ce·
µ:ess|oo w|eo ao:e t|ao l . a||||oo aca|ts we:e
sa|cto
j
eaoeaµ|oyec,:eµo:teca::ests io:c:|ae
|o t|e Uo|tec :tates totalec ·.c, l :.. Io l º:·,
w|eo t|e oat.oo was eoj oy|og iall eaµ|oyaeot,
:|c|og t|e c:est oi aûaeoce, :eµo:tec a::ests to·
ta|ec !, .·º,!:·.
(22)
Io lº··, gove:oaeot sµeoc·
|og ( iece:al,state,aoc|oca| j tota|eca|oats l .. º
|||l|oo, |o l º:·, sl :º. ! |||l|oo.
(23)
ßac cooc|t|oos co oot c:eate |ac µeoµ|e. ßac
µeoµle c:eate|ac cooc|t|oos. W|eoceceot, µ:o·
cact|ve µeoµ|e a:e io:cecto saµµo:t aoc cocc|e
c:|a|oa|s aoc ot|e: c:egs aoc c:ooes oisoc|ety,
c|aos, ceg:acat|oo, aoc :a|o a:e |oev|ta||e.
T|e looge: we wa|t to a|aocoo collect|v|sa
aoc:eta:oto|oc|v|caal|sa÷toc|saaot|esoc|a|·
|st|cwelia:e·stat|saaoc:e·esta|||s|coost|tat|ooal
gove:oaeot t|e|a:ce:oa:tas|w|ll|e. iiwe
coootact qa|c|ly, wew||| sooo :eac| t|e µo|ot
oioo:eta:otoi:eecoaaocceceocy|oaoo:gao·
|zec soc|ety. T|e c:|a|oa|s aoc t|e c:ooes ieec
aoc1oa:|s|oo t|e|oaoty w||c| µ:ocact|vec|t|·
zeosa:e io:cec to µ:ov|ce. W|eo tax coosaae:s
so ove:w|e|a|og|y oatoaa|e: tax µ:ocace:s t|at
t|ey coot:ol all elect|oos aoc µol|t|c|aos, |t w|ll
|etoo latetosaveoa:c|v|l|zat|oo.
WHO I S DA N S MOO T ?
Born in Missouri, reared in Texas, Dan Smoot went to SMU getting BA and MA degrees, 1938 and 1940. In
1941, he joined the faculty at Harvard as a Teaching Fellow, doing graduate work for a doctorate in Americn civili·
zation. From 1942 to 1951, he was an FBI agent: three and a half years on communist investigations; two ye on
FBI headquarters staf; almost four years on general FBI cases in various places. He resigned from the FBI and,
from 1951 to 1955, was commentator on national radio and television programs, giving both sides of contrveria
issues. In July, 1955, he started his present proft-supported, free-enterprise business: publishing The Dan Smoot
Report, a weekly magazine available by subscription; and producing a weekly news-analysis radio and television
broadcast, available for sponsorship by reputable busines frms, as an advertising vehicle. The Report and brodct
give one side of important issues: the side that presents documented truth using the American Constitution as a yard­
stick. If you think Smoot's materials are efective against scialism and communism, you can help immensely-help get
subribers for the Report, commercial sponsors for te brct.
Page 183
FOOTNOTES
( 1 ) "The Courts, The Police, The Public," by Henry Lee, This
Week Magazine, May 1 6, 1965, pp. 6-7
( 2 ) "Personal Report : Washington, " by Robert E. Baskin, The
Dallas Morning News, May 24, 1965, p. 6A
( 3 ) "New York Cit In Trouble - Another Chapter," U. S. News
& World Report, June 1 5, 1964, pp. 43-5
(4) "A New Horror: Apathy Toward Suffering," The Dallas
Moming News, July 26, 1964, Sec. 1 , p. 22
( 5 ) AP from New York City, The Dallas Times Herald, April 2,
1965, p. 1 2A; UPI from New York City, The Dallas Morning
News, June 4, 1964, Sec. 1, p. 2
( 6) AP from New York City, The Dallas Morning News, May 31 ,
1964, Sec. 1 , p. 1
( 7) UPI from New York City, The Dallas Moming News, June
4, 1964, Sec. 1 , p. 2
( 8) UPI from New York City, The Dallas Morning News, May
20, 1965, p. 28A; Story compiled from wire services, The
Dallas Morning News, November 8, 1964, Sec. 1 , p. 3
( 9) Press Release No. 82, Police Department of the City of New
York, September 4, 1 963, 4 pp.
( 10) "Police Group Will Battle 'Subversion,' ' ' by Mervin Nelson.
Des Moines Register, July 20, 1960, p. 3
( 1 1 ) "A Police Chief Talks of 'Police Brutality' , " U. S. News &
World Report, August 10, 1964, pp. 33-4
( 1 2 ) "Rochester: Where A Race Riot Hit A 'Model' City," U. S.
News & World Report, August 10, 1964, pp. 37-40
Subscription:
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( 1 3) "New Racial Violence In North And South," U. S. News &
World Report, March 1, 1965, p. 1 2
( 14) AP from New York City, The Dalas Morning News, March
14, 1965, Sec. 1, p. 1 2
( 1 5 ) The Sh,'eveport Times, March 2 1 , 1965, p. 2B
( 1 6) "Gangs, Murder, Rape Rampant In U. S. Capital," by William
Moore, Chicago Tribule, May 25, 1964, Sec. 2, p. 6
( 17) "Is Crime In U. S. Out Of Hand ?", U. S. News & World
Report, March 22, 1965, pp. 38-43
( 1 8) AP from Philadelphia, The Dallas Morning News, March 9,
1965, Sec. 4, p, 3
( 19) AP from Philadelphia, The Dallas Morning News, May 7,
1965, Sec. I , p. 1 7
( 20) For details on present attempts i n Congress t o control firearms,
see this Report, "Deliver Up Our Arms," April 26, 1965.
( 2 1 ) Series of articles by Bob Bell, Jr., Nashville Banner, January
7, 8, 10, 1964; editorials from Nashville Banner, January 14,
1964, January 30, 1964, and February 14, 1964
( 2 2 ) Compiled from Uniform Crime Reports, 4th QU<'1er, 1933,
Federal Bureau of Investigation, 1934; Uniform Crime Reports,
1963, Federal Bureau of Investigation, July 20, 1964
( 2 3 ) Historical Statistics of the United States, Col01ial Times to
1957, Bureau of the Census, 1960, pp. 193, 722-3, 725, 726-7,
728-9; Statistical Abstl'act of the United States, 1964, Bureau
of the Census, 1964, pp. 281 , 284, 420, 422, 425, 428-9,
434, 744; Facts and Figm'es 01 G01ernment Finance, Tax
Foundation, Inc., Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1965, pp. 80-1, 83, 86-7,
1 67; Actuarial Cost Estimates FOI' The Old-Age, Survivors, And
Disability Illsurance System As Modified By H.R. 1 1 865, As
Passed By The HOlse Of Representatives And As According To
The Action Of The Senate, House Committee on Ways and
Means, September 10, 1 964, p. 23
NAME (Please Prnt)
STREET ADDRESS
CITY STATE ZIP CODE
(Texans Add 2% for Sale Tax)
THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, BOX 9538, DALLAS, TEXAS 75214 TAYLOR 1-2303
Page 1 8
·
·
´
ÏMË
1t1 Smoot leport
Vol. 1 1 , No. 24 (Broadcast 51 2) June 1 4, 1 965 Dallas, Texas
DAN SMOOT
S E COND ROL L CAL LS, ¡ V ó b
¡o :|e may ª i , ì º:· Report ( ¨l|:s: ko|| Ca||s, l º:· ¨ , , we ta|a|atec l! :o|| ca|| votes
|o :|e oa:|ooa| Co:g:ess ( : |o :|e Hoase, : |o :|e ·eoate, ca:|og :|e i:s: :wo aoo:|s o| :||s
yea:. He:e|o, we ta|a|ate i! ao:e :o|| ca||s (: |o :|e Hoase, : |o :|e ·eoate, ta|eo ca:|og
ma:c|, Aµ:||, aoc may.
As a w|o|e, Coog:ess |s ||:t|e ao:e :|ao ao ec|o c|aa|e: |o: aca|o|st:at|oo µ:oµagaoca, a
:a||e: s:aaµ |o: :|e P:es|ceot
T|e ·eoa:e |s wo:se :|ao :|e Hoase T|e:e we:e ªc L ·. keµ:eseota:|ves w|o aa|ota|oe1
toº¨-coose:va:|vevo:|ogoot|ei:s: i! :o|| ca||s ta|a|a:ec|o:||sReport. No·eoato:|aca l cc¨-
:a:|og Co|y seveo ·eoa:o:s ( |oa: keµa|||caos aoc :|:ee Leaoc:ats , |ac coose:vat|ve :at|ogs o|
ºc¨- o: |e:te: Ca:| T Ca::|s aoc koaao L H:as|a,Ne|:as|akeµa|||caos ,m||wa:cL.·|aµ·
soo, Wyoa|og keµa|||cao, ·::oa T|a:aooc, ·oa:| Ca:o||oa keµa|||cao, Ha::y l|ooc ßy:c
aoc A W||||s ko|e:tsoo, V|:g|o|a Leaoc:ats , aoc jaaes C. £as:|aoc, m|ss|ss|µµ| Leaoc:a:.
Di sarmament Agency Funds
Co le|:aa:y i :, iº:·, t|e Hoase µassec Hk:ººº,aa:|o:|z|ogs!c,ccc,ccc|o::|eL · A:as
Coot:o| aoc L|sa:aaaeot Ageocy ca:|og t|e t|:ee·yea: µe:|oceoc|ogw|:|t|e l º:ºnsca| yea:
(seel|:s:ko| | Ca||s, l º:· ¨ ,
Coma:c| l c, iº:· , :|e·eoa:e, |ya s:aoc o| ºª:o i :, µassec aoaaeocecve:s|ooo|Hk:ººº,
:ece.|og:|eL|sa:aaaeo:Ageocy s|aoctos:c,ccc,ccc |o: :wo asca| yea:s t|as |eeµ|og ex-
µeoc|:a:es at t|e si c,ccc,ccc·a·yea: |eve| esta|||s|ec w|eo t|e Ageocy was c:eatec |o l º:l .
Co Aµ:|| i ª, i º:·, t|e Hoase, |y a staoco| ª : ºto ::, µassec a coaµ:oa|se coo|e:eoce ve:·
s|oo o| Hk :ººº, aat|o:|z|ogsl c, ccc,ccc a yea: |o: t|e L|sa:aaaeo: Ageocy ca:|og t|e oex:
:.:ee asca| yea:s.
THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, a magazine published every week by The Dan Smoot Report, Inc., mail­
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Copyright by Dan Smoot, 1965. Second class mail privilege authorized at Dallas, Texas.
No Reproductions Permitted.
Page 1 85
L : keµ:eseo:+:|veH k G:oss (Iow+keµa|·
l|c+oj c+lls :|e D|s+:a+aeo: Ageocy + ¨w+o:oo
w+s:e o| :|e :+xµ+ye:s aooey ¨ I: |s wo:se :|+o
:|+:I:|s+o+geocy:oµ:oao:eao|l+:e:+lc|s+:a+·
aeo:o|:|eLo|:ec ::+:es+oc eveo:a+lsa::eoce:
o| oa: +:aec |o:ces :o |o:e:o+:|oo+| coo::ol
T|e :eo+:em+:c| i c, i º:·, vo:eoo D|s+:a+
aeo: Ageocy |aocs |s :eco:cec |o Colaao º,
ao1e:Senate. T|e Hoase Aµ:|l i ª, iº:·, vo:e |s
:eco:cec |o Colaao i!, aoce: House. Io |o:|
µl+ces, C |oc|c+:es + coose:v+:|ve s:+oc +g+|os:
|aocs |o: :|e Ageocy
Manpower Devel opment and
Trai ni ng Act
Iom+:c|, ¦ º:: ,Coog:essµ+ssec:|em+oµowe:
Deve|oµaeo: +oc T:+|o|og Ac: Io cea+oce o|
coos:|:a:|oo+l ||a|:+:|oos, :||s |+w +a:|o:|zec :|e
:ec:e:+:yo|L+|o::ocec|ce:|eoaa|e:o|Aae:|·
c+os w|o s|oa|c |e wo:||og |o +oy |ocas::y +:
+oy g|veo :|ae +oc µl+ce. +oc :o +|loc+:e :+x·
µ+ye:s aooey |o: ::+|o|og yoa:| |o ae|cs w||c|
:|e :ec:e:+:y o| L+|o: cec|ces :|ey s|oa|c |e
::+|oec .o
P:es|ceo: Keooecy +oc o:|e: sµooso:s o| :|e
leg|s|+:|oo s+|c |: woa|c µ:ov|ce ¨voc+:|oo+l
::+|o|og+ocoo·:|e·jo|::+|o|og¨ |o:+oes:|a+:ec
!ic cocAae:|c+o wo:|e:s |a:ceoec w|:| ¨e|so·
1
le:e +oc |osaac|eo: s||l|s ¨ T|e ¡:og:+a w+s
sa¡¡osec:o |+s::woye+:s,+occos:s:::, ª:· ,occ
ßy :|e eoc o| i º:!, |: |+c cos: s!: · , º:!,: ª ª ,
:c,ccc |oc|v|ca+ls|+c coaµ|e:ec] o| :e::+|o|og,
+oo:|e: i ª ·,cccwe:e |o::+|o|og
Cole|:a+:y i , i º:·, P:es|ceo:)o|osoo +s|ec
Coog:ess :o exµ+oc +oc ex:eoc :|e m+oµowe:
Deve|oµaeo: T:+|o|og Ac: o| i º:: To j as:||y
:|e :ecaes:, :|e P:es|ceo:µ:eseo:ec + c:e+:y µ|c·
:a:e o| aoeaµ|oyaeo: +oc ao::+|oec wo:|e:s
£v|ceo:|y,:|eaocoos:|:a:|oo+ls¡eoc.ogo|s!: ·
º:!, :ªª |o less :|+o :wo ye+:s |+c oo: |aµ:ovec
cooc|:|oos w||c| P:es|ceo: Keooecy |+c ce·
sc:|eec +s j as:|ic+:|oo |o: |o|:|+:|og :|e m+o·
¡owe: Levelo¡aeo: +oc 1:+|o|og ¡:og:+a
Ye:, Coog:essqa|c|lycoaµl|ecw|:|P:es|ceo:
)o|osoo s :ecaes: :o µoa: oa: ao:e :+x aooey
oo + µ:og:+a w||c| w+s +l:e+cy + |+||a:e. Co
m+:c| i :, iº:· , :|e :eo+:e, |y + s:+oc o| ºc :o
º, µ+ssec : º:!, ex:eoc|og :|e m+oµowe: Devel·
oµaeo: +oc T:+|o|og Ac: o| i º:: |o: ave ao:e
ye+:s +a:|o:|z|og s!·!,ccc,ccc |o: :|e i º::
asc+l ye+:, µl+c|ogoo l|a|: oo +a:|o:|z+:|oos |o:
sa|seqaeo:ye+:sCoAµ:|l 1 , :|eHoase,|yvo|ce
vo:e, µ+ssec + soaew|+: c|ûe:eo: ve:s|oo o| :|e
||ll :eo+:e +oc Hoase +g:eec oo + coo|e:eoce
ve:s|oo, w||c| w+s µ+ssec |y vo|ce vo:es Co
Aµ:|l::, i º:· ,:|eP:es|ceo:s|goec|o:o|+w ( PL
ºº· i · j :|e iº:· exµ+os|oo +oc ex:eos|oo o| :|e
m+oµowe: Develoµaeo: +oc T:+|o|og Ac: o|
i º::.
T|e:ollc+llvo:e:+|eo|o:|e:eo+:eoom+:c|
i:, iº:· , |s :eco:cec |o Colaao º aoce: Senate
¯C|e|og+coose:v+:|ves:+oc+g+|os:ex:eoc|og
:|e µ:og:+a
Federal Aid To Education
Com+:c| ::, iº:·, :|e Hoase, |y+ s:+oc o|
::º :o i · º, µ+ssec :|e £cac+:|oo Ac: o| i º:·
( Hk :ª:: j T|e:eo+:eµ+ssec :|e|| l | oo Aµ:|l
º,|y+s:+oco|¯º:o .c. T|eP:es|ceo:s|goec |:
|o:ol+w (PLºº· i cj ooAµ:|li i .
Iovolv|og aa|:|·||ll|oo·coll+: exµeoc|:a:es o|
|ece:+l :+x aooey, :|e +|c:o ecac+:|ooµ:og:+a
|s coos|ce:ec+a+j o:|:oo:|o:|eP:es|ceo: sw+:
ooµove::y T+xaooeyasec |o :||sw+:|sao+oc·
|og+ sc+oc+|o|v+s: µ:oµo::|oos Po||:|c|+os+oc
µo||:|c+l |+c:|oos, µ+::|cal+:ly |o l+:ge c|:|es, +:e
ûg|:|og |o:coo::olo|:|esµeoc|og as|og:+x
aooey |o: µol|:|c+l µa:µoses Io: ex+aµ|e,L. :.
keµ:eseo:+:|ve Ac+a Cl+y:oo Powell ( H+:lea
Deaoc:+: j |+s +llegecly woo + coo:es: w|:|
:+:geo::|:|ve:|o:coo::olo|+o:|·µove::yaooey
:o|esµeo:|oNewYo:|C|:yl:+o|l|okoosevel:,
):. |ss+|c :o |e as|og ||s j o| +s|e+c o|:|eoew
£qa+l £aµ|oyaeo: Cµµo::ao|:y Coaa|ss|oo :o
|aµ:ove ||s c|+oces |o: w|oo|og :|e gove:oo:·
s||µ o| New Yo:| |o i º::.
La:|og cee+:es oo:|e£cac+:|ooAc:o| i º:·,
:eo+:o: Pe:e: H. Doa|o|c| ( Colo:+co keµa|·
Pag 186
licaoj µ:oµosec a aeaos to c|ec| soae oi t|e
µo||t|cal co::a¡t|oo w||c| ûoa:|s|es |o t|e wa:
oo µove:ty :eoato: Doa|o|c|waotec to µ:eveot
t|e g:aot|og oi iece:al a|c·to·ecacat|oo aooey
c|:ect|y to |ocal ageoc|es v|t|o+t a¡µ:ova| oi
stategove:oaeots T||swoa|c |ave |aoc|caµµec
||g·c|ty ¡ol|t|cal aac||oes |o t|e|: scaocaloas
lo||y|og io: c|:ec:g:aots oi iece:al tax aooey,
|at t|e :eoate, |y a staoc oi · · to !i , :ejectec
t|e Doa|o|c| µ:oµosal.
:eoato::aa) £:v|o,): ( No:t|Ca:ol|oaDea·
oc:at j waotec to :eqa|:e t|eL : Coaa|ss|ooe:
oi£cacat|oo to g|ve oot|ce ªc cays µ:|o: to c|s·
|a:seaeot oi iece:al a|c·to·ecacat|oo iaocs
so t|at aoy |oc|v|caa| coa|c |:|og sa|t c|alleog·
|ogt|ecoost|tat|ooal|tyoit|eµ:o¡osecc|s|a:se·
aeot. ßya staoc oi · to ªº, t|e :eoate :ej ectec
t|e L:v|o µ:oµosal
T|eceieatecDoa|o|c|aoc£:v|oaaeocaeots
woa|coot |ave aace t|e£cacat|ooActoi i º:·
coost|tat|ooa|, |at woalc |ave el|a|oatec some
oat:ageoasieat+esNote|owaaoy:eoato:scast
coose:vat|ve votes io: t|e aaeocaeots, |at t|eo
castl||e:alvotesio:t|eaocoost|tat|ooalActaite:
t|eaaeocaeotswe:e :ej ectec
ko|| calls oo µassage oi t|e Lcacat|oo Act oi
iº:· a:e ta|alatec |o Co|aao ic aoce: Senate
aoc |oColaao i :aoce: House - C |oc|cat|og
a coose:vat|ve staoc aga|ost t|e Act.
:eoate :oll call oo t|e ceieatec Doa|o|c|
aaeocaeot to t|e Lcacat|oo Act oi lº:· |s :e·
co:cec |oColaao i i aoce: Senate C |oc|cat·
|ogacoose:vat|vestaocio:t||seûo:ttoel|a|oate
µol|t|cal co::aµt|oo i:oa t|e a|c·to·ecacat|oo
µ:og:aa
:eoate :ol| ca|l oo t|e ceieatec £:v|o aaeoc·
aeot |s :eco:cec |o Colaao i : aoce: Senate
C |oc|cat.og a coose:vat|ve vote io: t|e aaeoc·
aeot.
As µassec, t|e Lcacat|oo Act oi i º:· aat|o:·
|zec
( 1 ) $1 .06 billion for special aid-to-education
in school districts with large numbers of children
whose families have incomes of less than $2,000
a year;
(2) $1 00 million frst-year expenditure on a
fve-year program of grants to buy textbooks
and library books for elementary and secondary
schools;
(3) $1 00 million frst-year expenditure on a
fve-year program of grants to community-wide
centers which will establish model school pro­
grams and provide educational services not be­
ing provided by existing schools;
(4) a $1 00 million, fve-year program of grants
for improving educational research, training re­
search personnel, constructing new research
centers;
(5) $1 0 million frst-year expenditure on a
fve-year program of grants to strengthen state
departments of education.
W|t||o ªccays aite:P:es|ceot)o|osoos|goec
t|e£cacat|ooActoi i º:·, iece:a|ecacat|ooom·
c|alswe:eove:w|elaec|yt|etas|oiµ:ocess|og
¨coaµl|aoceµlaos¨sa|a|tteci:oa::, cccsc|ool
c|st:|cts aoc ·c state ceµa:taeots oi ecacat|oo.
T||salooeg|vest|e l|eto|os|steot|||e:alµ:oµa·
gaoca t|at iece:al a|c coes oot aeao iece:al
coot:ol.
Voting Rights Bi l l
T|e µeoc|og vot|og :|g|ts || l l (: i · :!) |as
a µ:ov|s|oocal|ec t|eaatoaat|c t:|gge:aa||og
aatoaat|c t|e aµµo|otaeot oi iece:al exaa|oe:s
to saµe:v|se elect|oos |o states ( o: sa|c|v|s|oos
oi states j w|e:e t|e )ast|ce Deµa:taeot alleges
t|at iewe: t|ao : · µe:ceot oi vot|og·age acalts
a:e :eg|ste:ec T||s woa|c g|ve t|e L : Atto:·
oey Geoe:a| aat|o:|ty to aecc|e, aocoost|tat|oo·
a|ly,|oaoyelect|oo:eoato::aa)£:v|o,):. ,µ:o·
µosec aoaaeocaeotw||c|,t|oag||twoalc oot
|ave aace t|e vot|og :|g|ts ||ll coost|tat|ooal,
woalc |ave g|veo states soae c|aoce to ceieoc
t|ease|ves aga|ost c|a:ges oi vote: c|sc:|aioa·
t|oo |eio:e iece:a| |ote:veot|oo. £:v|o µ:oµosec
t|atiece:alexaa|oe:soot|eaµµo|otecaot|laite:
a iece:al c|st:|ct coa:t ( |o t|e a:ea | ovolvecj
aace a j ac|c|al ûoc|og.
OoHay :, i º:· , t|e·eoate, |y a staocoir
to ::, :ej ectec t|e L:v|o aaeocaeot T|e vote
is recorded in Column 1 3 under Senate, C indi ·
cat|og a vote io: t|e ceieatec aaeocaeot.
Page 187
Co may l l , l º:· , t|e :eoate, |y a staoc oi
·. to !º, :ej ectec a ¨|||e:a|¨ aaeocaeot to t|e
vot|og :|g|ts |||| t|e aaeocaeot (sµooso:ec
|y :eoato: £cwa:c m Keooecy, massac|asetts
Deaoc:atj to oat|aw µo|| taxes as a :eqa|:eaeot
|o stateaoc |oca| e|ect|oos 1||svote |s :eco:cec
|o Co|aao ì! aoce: Senate, C |e|og a coose:va-
t|vestaoc aga|ostt|eaot|·µo|| taxµ:oµosa|.
Io:ao:e|o|o:aat|oooot|evot|og:|g|ts||||,
seet||s Report, mayl c, l º:· .
HCUA Funds
Co Ie|:aa:y .·, lº:·, t|e Hoase, |y a staoc
o| ª:ª to ª., votec iaocs to coot|oae t|e Hoase
Coaa|ttee oo Lo·Aae:|cao Act|v|t|es. It |s o|-
v|oas t|at aaoy |||e:a|s, w|o c|s|||e t|e aot|·
coaaao.st wo:| o| t|e HCLA, vote |aocs io:
t|e coaa|ttee, |ecaase t|ey |oow |t |s µoµa|a:
w|t|t|eµa|||c1|evote|s:eco:cec ( |oCo|aao
ºaoce:House ) tos|owt|e ª. |a:c·co:e|||e:a|s
w|o |ceot||y t|ease|ves w|t| a caase w|ce|y
|oowo to |e a µ:|aa:y goa| o| t|e coaaao|st
µa:ty a|o||t|oo o| t|e Hoase Coaa|ttee oo
Lo·Aae:|cao Act|v|t|es.
Notet|atAcaaC|aytoo Powe|| avo|cs ta||og
a staoc oo t|e qaest|oo oi vot|og iaocs io: t|e
HCLAw|osea|es:evea|t|atPowe|||asaaoy
assoc|at|oos w|t| coaaao|st act|v|t|es.
Appal achi a Act
IoIe|:aa:y,t|e:eoateaµµ:ovec t|ewaste|a|,
|a:a|a|, aocoost|tat|ooa| Aµµa|ac||ao keg|ooa|
Deve|oµaeot Act oi lº:· (vote ta|a|atec |o
¨l. :stko|| Ca||s, l º:· ¨ , 1|eHoase, |ya staoc
o| .:.to l :c, µassec t|e ||||ooma:c| ª, l º:· .
1||svote|sta|a|atec |o Co|aaoº aoce: House,
C|oc|cat|ogacoose:vat|vestaocaga|ost.
National Counci l of Arts
Gove:oaeot coot:o| o| t|e a:ts |s ao esseot|a|
aoc coosµ|caoas ieata:e oi coaaao|st soc|et|es.
Now,oa:owogove:oaeo:, |o:aeaaocsoi:e:a|-
|ta:|ao |||e:a|s, aoves c:a|t||y towa:c coot:o| oi
t|e a:ts aoce: ga|se oi¡:oaot|og a:t, |os|st-
eot|y ceoy|ogt|at|ece:a| a|c w||| |:|og |ece:a|
coot:o|,|goo:|ogt|eiactt|ataoy||oco|iece:a|
act|v|ty |o t|e a:ts |saocoost|tat|ooa| .
Io l º:!, Coog:ess c:eatec a Nat|ooa| Coaoc||
o|A:ts ( coaµosec o|. · aea|e:s, aµµo|otec |y
t|e P:es|ceot j . Its µa:µose was vagae. Aµµa:-
eot|y,|||e:a|s|oteocec|tae:e|yasacoo:oµeoe:
- togett|eiece:a|gove:oaeot |ovo|vec |o t|e
a:ts, |oteoc|og to |eg|s|ate ceeµe: |ovo|veaeot
|ate:.
Co ma:c| l ·, l º:· , t|e Hoase votec oo Hk
!:l!, ao aca|o|st:at|oo·sµooso:ec ||||to µ:ov|ce
sl ·c,ccc a yea:to oµe:atet|e Nat|ooa| Coaoc||
o| A:ts Aca|o|st:at|oo io:ces t:|ec to ac||eve
µassage o| Hk !: l! aoce: sasµeos|oo oi :a|es
Loce: sasµeos|oo o| :a|es, a |||| cao |e µassec
w|t|oataoy ce|ate o:c|scass|oo, |atµassage :e·
qa|:es two·t||:cs oi a|| votes cast, :at|e: t|ao a
s|aµ|e aaj o:|ty. 1|e aca|o|st:at|oo aaoeave:
|a||ec ..ª keµ:eseotat|ves votec tor Hk !:l !
ooma:c| l · , oo|yl l :votecagainst ; |att|e||||
c|c oot µass |ecaase t|e yea vote was oot two·
t||:cs o| t|e tota| 1||s vote |s :eco:cec |o Co|-
aao lcaoce:House, C|oc|cat|ogacoose:vat|ve
staoc aga|ost |aocs |o: t|e Nat|ooa| Coaoc|| oi
A:ts.
Washington, D. C. , Crime Bill
IoAagast l º:ª, t|eHoaseµassect|eD|st:|ct
o| Co|aa||a Cao||as C:|ae ß||| ( Hk :· .· j
w||c|, aao:g ot|e: t||ogs, oa|||aec t|e :a|e o|
ev|ceoce esta|||s|ec |yt|eL. :. :aµ:eae Coa:t
|o t|e ma||o:y case, aoc t|e :a|e oi ev|ceoce
esta|||s|ec |y a L. :. C|:ca.t Coa:t o| Aµµea|s
|o t|e Da:|aa case.
1|ema||o:ycase|ovo|vecAoc:ewkma||o:y,
a l º·yea:·o|c oeg:o, w|o cooiessec to :aµ|og a
woaao |o t|e |aseaeot o| |e: aµa:taeot |oase
|o Was||ogtoo. He was t:|ec aoc coov|ctec |o
D|st:|ct Coa:t. H|scoov|ct|oo was aµ|e|c |ot|e
Coa:toiAµµea|s. W|t|oatsaggest|ogaoy coa|t
of guilt or suspicion of police brutality, the º.-
µ:eae Coa:t set ma||o:y |:ee to go aoµao|s|ec
Page 188
io:||sc:|ae,solely|ecaaseµol|ce|acqaest|ooec
||a |eio:e io:aal a::a|goaeot T|e cec|s|oo es·
ta|l|s|ec a :ale oi ev|ceoce w||c|aeaos, |o ei-
iect, t|at µol|ce caoootqaest|ooa sasµect before
|e |s io:aally a::estec aoc a::a|goec aoless t|e
sasµectag:ees Aite: io:aal a::est, |e caooot|e
qaest|ooecatall
lo t|e Da:|aa case, aL · Coa:toiAµµeals
esta|l|s|ec a :ale oi ev|ceocew||c| aa|es v|:-
taally |aµoss||le saccessial c:|a|oal µ:osecat|oo
oi aoyooe w|o µleacs aoaeota:y |osao|ty o:
aeotal |ocoaµeteoce. Keooecy aca|o|st:at|oo
l||e:als w|o st:oogly oµµosec t|e D|st:|ct oi
Colaa||aCao||asC:|aeß|lloii º´ª, saµµo:tec
t|e Da:|aa case :alew|t| t|e astoo|s||oga:ga-
aeot t|at ao |oc|v|caal w|o aa· |otellectaally
|oow |e |s coaa|tt|og a c:|ae, |at lac|s eao·
t|ooal caµac|ty to :ei:a|o i:oa coaa|tt|og |t, |s
oot :eallyga|lty oi c:|ae
T|e Keooecy aca|o|st:at|oo, aoc |ts l||e:al
saµµo:te:s|oCoog:ess,coalcoot|eeµt|eHoase
i:oa µass|og t|e D C. C:|ae ß|ll |o i º´ª , |at
t|e ||ll c|ec |ecaase t|e ·eoate :eiasec to ta|e
act|oo ca:|og i º´ª aoc i º´!.
Co ma:c| ::, iº´·, t|eHoase, |y a staoc oi
:´: to i !i , µassecHk ·´ºº, aoot|e: D|st:|ct oi
Colaa||a C:|aeß|lltooall|iy t|e mallo:y aoc
Da:|aa :ales oi ev|ceoce T|e vote |s :eco:cec
|o Colaao i i aoce: House, C |oc|cat|og a coo·
se:vat|vestaocio:t|e||ll.
T|e)o|osooaca|o|st:at|oojast|ceDeµa:taeot
|s oµµosec to Hk ·´ºº, j ast as t|e Keooecy ac·
a|o|st:at|oo was oµµosec to Hk :· :· |o i º´ª.
T|e·eoate |as ootyet ta|eo act|oooot|e ||ll
Medicare
Co Aµ:|lº, i º´·, t|eHoase, |yavote oi ª i ª
to i i · , µassec t|e aec|ca:e ||ll ( Hk ´´:· j ,
acc|og aec|cal ca:e |eoeats to soc|al seca:|ty,
exµaoc|og µ:eseot |eoeats, |oc:eas|og soc|al se·
ca:|ty taxes
lt|sest|aatect|atHk´´:· w|llaccs|x||ll|oo
colla:s to t|e cost oi soc|al seca:|ty ca:|og t|e
|:styea: T|e:ea:eoo :el|a|leest|aates oo |ow
aac| Hk ´´:· w|ll acc to t|e aooaal cost, aoc
ce|c|ts, oi t|e soc|al seca:|ty systea |o sa|se·
caeotyea:s W|t|oataec|ca:e, t|e soc|alseca:|ty
systea|sal:eacy|ao|:aµt µay|ogoatao:et|ao
|tta|es|o, |a|lc|ogoo:ese:vetoaeeteve:·g:ow-
|og o|l|gat|oos io: t|e iata:e lo t|e e|g|t-yea:
µe:|oc iº·: iº´!, soc|al seca:|ty c|s|a:seaeots
ave:agec i i ª ||ll|oo colla:s a yea:, w||le col-
lect|oos ave:agec i c º ||ll|oo a yea: leav|og
ao aooaal ave:age ceac|t oi a|oat · cc a|ll|oo
colla:s lo:a||sto:|cal:ev|ew, aocca::eotaoal-
ys|s, oit|e soc|alseca:|tysystea, see ¨·oc|al ·e·
ca:|ty,¨ t|e ma:c| i , i º´· , |ssae oi t||s Report.
T|e vote oo aec|ca:e |s :eco:cec |o Colaao
i ª aoce: House, C |oc|cat|ogacoose:vat|vevote
agaiost.
R O L L C A L L V O T E S
A ' ' L' indicates a conservative stand. An ''i' indicates a liberal stand. A 1 ' 0" indicates the Senator was absent or did not take a public stand. A 1 1 ¬ I I indicates the
Senator was not a lerber at the time of the vote.
S E N A T E
Column 68 -- Disarmament Agency Funds , HR 2998; 69 &
- Manpower Development and Training Act. S 974; # lJ
. .
Federal Aid to Education, HR 2362, passage;
H I I
. . Federal Aid to Education, HR 2362, Dominick amendment; #1 2
..
Federal Aid to Education, HR 2362, Ervin amendment; N1 3
. ,
Voting Rights Bill, S 1 564,
Ervin amendment; # 1 4
. .
Voting Rights Bill. S 1 564. Kennedy amendment.
1 0 I I 1 2 1 3 14
10 I I 1 2 1 3 14
ALABAMA
FLORIDA
Hill, Lister ( D) L L L L C C C Holland. Spessard L. (D) L C C C C C C
Sparkman, John J . (D) L L L 0 C C C Smathers . George A. (D) L L L L L 0 C
ALASKA GEORGIA
Bartlett. E. L. (D) L L L L L L L Russell, Richard B. (0) 0 0 0 0 C C C
Gruening. Ernest (0) L L L L L L L Talmadge, Herman E. (0) C L L C C C C
ARIZONA HAWAII
Fannin. Paul J. (R)
L L C C C C C Inouye. Daniel K. (D) L L L L L L L
Hayden. Carl (D) L 0 L 0 L C C Fong, Hiram L. (R) L L L C L L L
ARKANSAS IDAHO
Fulbright, J. W. (0) L L L L C 0 C �rch, Frank (0) L L L L L L L
McClellan, John L. (0) C L L C C C C Jordan, Len B. (R) L L C C C L C
CALIFORNIA ILLINOIS
Kuchel. Thomas H. (R) L L L C L L L Dirksen, Everett McK. (R) L L L C C L C
Murphy, George (R)
C L C C L L C Douglas , Paul H. (0) L L L L L L L
COLORAOO INDIANA
Allott. Gordon (R) L L L C C L C �Birch (0) L L L L L L L
Dominick, Ictcr H. (R) C l C C C L C Hartke. Vance (D) L L L L L L C
CONNECTICUT ICWA
Dodd. Thomas J . (0) L L L L L L L -ckenlooper. Bourke B. (R) ì L C C C C C
RibicoCf, Abraham A. (0) L L L L L L L Miller, Jack (R) L L L C L C C
DELAWARE KANSAS
Boggs. J. Caleb (R) L L L C L L L -- s on, Frank (R) 1 L L C L L C
Williams , John J . (R) L L C C C L C Pearson. James B. (R) L L ì C C L C
Page 189
KENTUCKY
Cooper. J ahn Sherman (R)
Morton, Thruston B. (R)
LOUISIANA
Ellender. Allen J. (D)
Long. Russell B. {D}
MAINE
�kie. Edmund S. (D)
Smith, Margaret Chase (R)
MARYLAND
Brewster t Daniel B. (D)
Tydings. Joseph D. (D)
MASSACHUSETTS
Kennedy , Edward M. (D)
Saltonstall, Leverett (R)
MICHIGAN
Hart. Philip A. (D)
McNamara. Pat (D)
MINNESOTA
McCarthy. Eugene J. (D)
Mondale, Walter F. (D)
MISSISSIPPI
Eastland, James O. (D)
Stennis. J Ohn (D)
MISSOURI
--;dward V. (D)
Symington, Stuart (D)
MONTANA
Mansfield, Mike (D)
Metcalf. Lee (D)
NEBRASKA
Curtis ¡ Carl T. (R)
Hruska, Roman L. (R)
NEVADA
Bible, Alan (D)
Canon, Howard W. (D)
NEW HAMPSHIRE
Cotton. Norris (R)
McIntyre. Thomas J. (D)
NEW JERSEY
Case, Cli{[ord P. (R)
Williams, Harrison A. , Jr. (D)
NEW MEXICO
Anderson. Clinton P. (D)
Montoya, Joseph M. (D)
NEW YORK
Javits, Jacob K. (R)
Kennedy. Robert F. (n)
NORTH CAROLINA
Ervin. Sam J . , Jr. (D)
Jordan, B. Everett (D)
L
L
C
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
C
L
L
L
L
L
C
C
L
L
L
C
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
C
L
L
L
L
L
C
C
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
1 0
L
C
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
C
C
L
L
L
L
C
C
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
¡ ¡
C
C
L
L
L
C
L
L
L
C
L
L
L
L
C
C
L
L
L
L
C
C
L
L
C
L
L
L
L
L
C
L
C
C
1 2
C
L
C
L
L
L
ì
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
C
C
L
L
L
í
C
C
C
C
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
C
C
I3
L
L
C
C
L
L
L
L
í
L
L
L
L
L
C
C
L
L
L
C
C
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
C
C
14
C
C
C
L
L
L
L
L
L
C
L
L
C
L
C
C
C
L
C
C
C
C
C
L
C
L
L
L
C
C
L
L
C
C
H O US E
NORTH DAKOTA
Burdick, Quentin N. (O)
Young, Milton R. (R)
OHIO
-usche, Frank J . (D)
Young. Stephen M. (D)
OKLAHOMA
Harris. Fred R. (D)
Monroney. A. S. Mike (D)
OREGON
Morse. Wayne (D)
Neuberger, Maurine B. (D)
PENNSYLVANIA
Clark. Joseph S. (D)
Scott. Hugh (R)
RHODE ISLAND
Pastore, John O. (D)
Pell, Claiborne (D)
SOUTH CAROLINA
Russell, Donald S. (D)
Thurmond. Strom (R)
SOUTH DAKOTA
McGovern, George (D)
Mmdt. Karl E. (R)
TENNESSEE
Bas s . Ross (D)
Gore. Albert (D)
TEXAS
-wer, John G. (R)
Yarborough. Ralph W. (D)
UTAH
-- nnett. Wallace F. (R)
Moss, Frank E. (D)
VERMONT
Aiken, George D. (R)
Prouty. Winston L. (R)
VIRGINIA
�Harry Flood (D)
Robertson. A. Willis (D)
WASHINCTON
Jackson, Henry M. (D)
Magnuson, Warren G. (D)
WEST VIRGINIA
Byrd, Robert C. (D)
Randolph, Jennings (D)
WISCONSIN
Nelson, Gaylord A. (D)
Proxmire, William (D)
WYOMING
McGee. Gale W. (D)
Simpson, Milward L. (R)
L
L
C
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
C
L
L
L
L
C
L
L
L
L
L
C
C
L
C
L
L
L
L
L
C
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
I
L
L
C
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
C
C
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
C
1 0
L
C
C
L
L
L
L
L
L
ì
L
L
C
L
L
L
L
C
L
C
L
L
L
C
C
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
C
¡ ¡
L
C
C
L
L
L
L
L
L
C
L
L
C
L
C
L
L
C
L
C
L
C
L
C
C
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
C
A ' ' C' ' indicates a conservative stand. An l I L" indicates a liberal stand. A "0" indicates the Representative was absent or did not take a public stand.
1 2
C
C
C
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
C
L
C
C
C
C
L
C
L
L
L
C
C
C
L
L
L
L
L
L
C
1 3
L
C
C
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
C
C
L
C
L
L
C
L
L
L
L
L
C
C
L
L
C
L
L
L
L
L
14
L
C
L
L
L
C
L
L
L
L
L
L
C
C
L
C
L
L
C
L
C
L
C
C
C
C
L
L
C
L
L
L
L
C
Column H 8 ¬¬ HCUA Funds , H Res 1 88; #9 ¬ - Appalachia Act, S 3; H I D ¬¬ National Council of Arts. HR 47 14; H l 1 ¬ ¬ Washington, D. C . • Crime Bill. HR 5688; # 1 2 - ­
Federal Aid t o Education, HR 2362; H 1 3 ¬ ¬ Medicare. HR 6675; # 1 4 - - Disarmament Agency Funds. HR 2998.
ALABAMA
Andrews, George W. (D)
Andrews, Glenn (R)
Buchanan, John H . • Jr. (R)
Dickinson, William L. (R)
Edwards, W. Jack, III (R)
Jones, Robert E. (D)
Martin, James D. (R)
Selden, Armistead I . , Jr. (D)
ALASKA
Rivers, Ralph J . (D)
ARIZONA
�. John J. (R)
Senner, George F . , Jr. (D)
Udall, Morris K. (D)
ARKANSAS
Gathin�s . E. C. (D)
Harris, Oren (D)
Mills, Wilbur O. (D)
Trimble. James W. (D)
CALIFORNIA
Baldwin, John F. (R)
Bell, Alphonzo (R)
Brown, George E . , Jr, (D)
Burton, Phillip (D)
Cameron, Ronald B. (D)
Clausen, Don (R)
Clawson, Del (R)
Cohelan, Jeffery (D)
Corman, James C. (D)
Dyal, Kenneth W. (D)
Edwards, W. Donlon (D)
Gubser, Charles S. (R)
Hagen, Harlan (D)
Hanna, Richard T. (D)
Hawkins, Augustus F. (D)
Hol1!1eld, Chet lO)
Hosmer. Craig (R)
Johnson, Harold T. (D)
King. Cecil R. (D)
Leggett, Robert L. (D)
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
L
L
C
C
C
C
C
C
L
L
C
C
C
C
C
C
L
C
C
C
L
C
C
C
C
L
C
C
C
C
C
L
C
C
L
C
L
L
C
L
L
L
C
C
L
L
L
C
C
L
L
L
L
C
L
L
L
L
C
L
L
L
1 0
C
L
C
C
C
L
C
C
L
C
L
L
C
C
C
L
C
L
C
L
L
C
C
L
L
L
L
C
L
L
L
1
C
L
L
C
1 1
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
L
C
L
L
C
C
C
C
C
C
L
L
L
C
C
L
L
L
L
C
C
L
L
1
C
C
L
L
1 2
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
L
C
L
L
C
C
L
L
L
L
L
L
C
C
C
L
L
L
L
C
L
L
L
C
L
L
L
L
1 3
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
1
C
L
L
C
L
L
L
C
C
L
L
L
C
C
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
1
C
L
L
L
1 4
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
L
L
C
L
L
C
C
L
L
C
L
L
L
L
C
C
L
L
L
L
C
L
L
L
L
C
L
L
L
Page 1 90
CALIFORNIA (cont'd)
Lipscomb, Glenard P. (R)
Mailliard, William S. (R)
McFall. John J. (D)
Miller, George P. (D)
Moss, John E. (D)
Reinecke, Edwin (R)
Roosevelt, James (D)
Roybal. Edward R. (D)
Sisko B. F. (D)
Smith, H. Allen (R)
Talcott, Burt L. (R)
Teague, Charles M. (R)
Tunney, John V. (D)
Utt, James B. (R)
Van Deerlin, Lionel (D)
Wilson, Bob (R)
Wilson, Charles H. (D)
Younger. J. Arthur (R)
COLORADO
Aspinall, Wayne N. (D)
Evans , Frank E. (D)
McVicker, Roy H. (D)
Rogers, Byron G. (D)
CONNECTICUT
Daddario, Emilio Q. (D)
Giaimo. Robert N. (D)
Grabowski, Bernard P. (D)
Irwin, Donald J. (D)
Monogan, John S. (D)
St. Onge, William (D)
DELAWARE
McDowell, Harris B . , Jr. (D)
FLORIDA
�, Charles E. (D)
Cramer, William C. (R)
F:cell. Dante B. (D)
Fuqua, Don (D)
Gibbons , Sam M. (D)
Gurney, Edward J. (R)
Haley, James A. (D)
C
C
C
C
C
C
1
L
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
L
L
L
C
L
L
L
C
L
C
L
C
L
C
L
C
L
L
L
L
C
C
C
C
C
L
L
C
C
L
C
L
C
C
1 0
C
L
L
L
L
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
L
C
L
C
L
C
L
L
L
C
L
L
C
C
C
C
L
C
L
C
L
L
C
C
1 1
C
C
L
L
L
C
L
L
L
C
C
C
C
C
L
C
C
C
C
L
C
L
L
L
L
L
C
L
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
1 2
C
C
L
L
L
C
L
L
L
C
C
C
L
C
L
C
L
C
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
C
C
L
C
L
C
C
1 3
C
C
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
C
L
L
L
C
L
C
L
C
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
C
L
L
C
L
L
L
14
C
L
L
L
L
C
L
L
L
C
L
L
L
C
L
C
L
C
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
C
L
L
L
L
C
L
C
L
C
C
FLORIDA (cont ' d)
Herlong. A. Sydney, Jr. (D)
Matthews, D. R. (D)
Pepper ¡ Claude (D)
Rogers. Paul G. (D)
Sikes. Robert L. F. (D)
GEORGIA
Callaway. Howard H. (R)
Davis : John W. (D)
Flynt, John J . • Jr. (D)
Hagan, G. Elliott (D)
Landrum, Phil M. (D)
Mackay, James A. (D)
O'Neal, Maston E. (D)
Stephens. Robert G . • Jr. (D)
Tuten, J. Russell (D)
Weltner, Charles L. (D)
HAWAII

unaga, Spark M. (D)
Mink, Patsy (D)
IDAHO

sen. George V. (R)
White, Compton I . . Jr. (D)
ILLINOIS
Anderson, John B. (R)
Annunzio. Frank (D)
Arends, Leslie C. (R)
Colli er, Harold R. (R)
Dawson, William L. (D)
Derwinski, Edward J. (R)
Erlenborn. John N. (R)
Findley, Paul (R)
Gray, Kenneth J. (D)
Kluczynski, John C . (D)
McClory, Robert (R)
Michel. Robert H. (R)
Murphy, William T. (D)
O' Hara. Barratt (D)
Price, Melvin (D)
Pucinski, Roman C. (D)
Reid, Charlotte (R)
Ronan, Dan (D)
Rostenkowski, Dan (D)
Rums feld. Donald (R)
Schisler, Gale (D)
Shipley, George E. (D)
Springer , William L. (R)
Yates, Sidney R. (D)
INDIANA
Adair, E. Ross (R)
Brademas, John (D)
Bray, William G. (R)
Denton, Winfield K. (D)
Halleck, Charles A. (R)
Hamilton. Lee H. (D)
Harvey. Ralph (R)
Jacobs , Andrew. Jr. (D)
Madden. Ray J. (D)
Roudebush, Richard L. (R)
Roush, J. Edward (D)
IOWA

ndstra. Bert (D)
Culver , John C . (D)
Greigg, Stanley L. (D)
Gross , H. R. (R)
Hansen, John R. (D)
Schmidhauser, John R. (D)
Smith. Neal (D)
KANSAS
-- . Bob (R)
Ellsworth, Robert F. (R)
Mize. Chester L. (R)
Shriver, Garner E. (R)
Skubitz. Joe (R)
KENTUCKY
Carter, Tim Lee (R)
Chelf, Frank (D)
Farnsley. Charles P . (D)
Natcher , William H. (D)
Perkins, Carl D. (D)
Stubblefield, Frank A. (D)
Watts, John C . (D)
LOUISIANA
Boggs , Hale (D)
Hebert, I. Edward (D)
Long. Speedy O. (D)
Morrison, James H. (D)
Passman. OUo E. (D)
Thompson, T. Ashton (D)
Waggonner, Joe D. , Jr. (D)
Willis, Edwin E. (D)
MAINE
-
away, William O. (D)
Tupper . Stanley R. (R)
MARYLAND
Fallon. George H. (D)
Friedel, Samuel N. (D)
Garratz. Edward A. (D)
Long, Clarence D. |\)
Machen. Hervey G. (D)
Mathias. Charles MeC. (R)
Morton, Rogers C. B. (R)
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MARYLAND (cont 'd)
Sickles. Carlton R. (D)
MASSACHUSETTS
Bates , William H. (R)
Boland, Edward P. (D)
Burke, James A. (D)
Conte. Silvio O. (R)
Donohue, Harold O. (D)
Keith. Hastings ( R)
Macdonald, Torbert H. (D)
Martin. Joseph W. , Jr. (R)
McCormack, John W. (D)
Morse, F. Bradford (R)
Philbin, Philip J. (D)
O' Neill, Thomas P . • Jr. (D)
MICHIGAN
Broomfield. William S. (R)
Cederberg, Elford A. (R)
Chamberlain. Charles E. (R)
Clevenger, Raymond F. ( D)
Conyers, John J . • Jr. ( D)
Diggs , Charles C. , Jr. ( D)
Dingell. John D. ( D)
Farnum, Billie S. (D)
Ford, Gerald R . • Jr . (R)
Ford, William O. (D)
Griffin, Robert P. (R)
Griffiths , Martha W. (D)
Harvey. James (R)
Hutchinson, Edward (R)
Mackie, John C. (D)
Nedzi, Lucien N. (D)
O' Hara, James G. (D)
Todd. Paul H. (D)
Vivian. Weston E. (D)
MINNESOTA
Blatnik. John A. (D)
Flaser, Donald M. (D)
Karth, Joseph E. (D)
Langen, Odin (R)
MacGregor, Clark (R)
Nelsen, Ancher (R)
Olson. Alec G. (D)
Quie, Albert H. (R)
MISSISSIPPI
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Colmer, William M. (D)
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MISSOURI
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Hungate, William L. (D)
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Jones . Paul C. (D)
Karsten, Frank M. (D)
Randall. William J. (D)
Sullivan, Leonor Kretzer (D)
MONTANA
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Olsen. Arnold (D)
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Callan, Clair A. (D)
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NEVADA
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NEW HAMPSHIRE
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Huot, J. Oliva (D)
NEW JERSEY
Cahill, William T. (R)
Daniels , Dominick V. (D)
Dwyer . Florence P. (R)
Frelinghuysen. Peter, Jr. (R)
Gallagher , Cornelius E. (D)
Helstoski, Henry (D)
Howard, James J. (D)
Joelson, Charles S . (D)
Krebs , Paul J. (D)
McGrath, Thomas C . , Jr. (D)
Minish. Joseph G. (D)
Patten, Edward J . , Jr. (D)
Rodino. Peter W. , Jr. (D)
Thompson, Frank. Jr. (D)
Widnall, William B. (R)
NEW MEXICO
Morris, Thomas G. (D)
Walker. E. S. (D)
NEW YORK
Addabbo, Joseph P. (D)
Bingham, Jonathan B. (D)
Carey. Hugh L. (D)
Celler, Emanuel (D)
Conable. Barber B . • Jr. (R)
Delaney, Juncs l. (D)
Dow. John G. (D)
DuIs ki. Thaddeus J. (D)
Farbstein, Leonard (D)
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NEW YORK (cont ' d)
Fino. Paul A. (R)
Gilbert. Jacob H. (D)
Goodell, Charles E. (R)
Grover, James R . • Jr. (R)
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Horton, Frank J. (R)
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Keogh, Eugene J. (D)
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Lindsay, John V. (R)
McCarthy, Richard D. (D)
McEwen, Robert C. CR}
Multer, Abraham J. (D)
Murphy, John M. (D)
O' Brien, Leo W. (D)
Ottinger, Richard L. (D)
Pike, Otis G. ( D)
Pirnie, Alexander ( R)
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Reid, Ogden R. (R)
Resnick, Joseph Y. (D)
Robison. Howard W. (R)
Rooney. John J. (D)
Rosenthal, Benjamin S. ( D)
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Scheuer, James H. (D)
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Tenzler, Herbert (D)
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NORTH CAROLINA
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Kornegay, Horace R. (D)
Lennon. Alton (D)
Scott, Ralph J. (D)
Taylor, Roy A. (D)
Whitener , Basil L. (D)
NORTH DAKOTA
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OHIO
-hbrook, John M. (R)
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Latta. Delbert L. (R)
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Ullman, Al (D)
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Dague, Paul B. (R)
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Holland, Elmer J. (D)
Johnson, Albert W. (R)
Kunkel. John C. (R)
McDade, Joseph M. (R)
Moorhead, William S. (D)
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Page 1 92
PENNSYLVANIA (cont'd)
Morgan, Thomas E. (D)
Nix, Robert N. C. ( D)
Rhodes , George M. (D)
Rooney, Fred B. (D)
Saylor, John P. (R)
Schneebeli. Herman T. (R)
Schweiker , Richard S. (R)
Toll, Herman (D)
Vigorito, Jos eph P. (D)
Watkins , G. Robert (R)
Whalley, J. [rving (R)
RHODE ISLAND
Fogarty, John E. (D)
St. Germain, Fernand J. ( D)
SOUTH CAROLrNA
Ashmore, Robert T. (D)
Oorn, W. J. Bryan (D)
Gettys . Thomas S. ( D)
McMillian, John L. ( D)
Rivers , L. Mendel (D)
,OUTH DAKOTA
Berry, E. Y. (R)
Reifel, Ben (R)
TENNESSEE
Anderson. William R. (D)
Brock, William E . , III (R)
Duncan, John J. (R)
Everett, Robert A. (D)
Evins . Joe L. (D)
Fulton, Richard (D)
Grider. George W. (D)
Murray, Tom (O)
Quillen, James H. (R)
TEXAS
�worth, Lindley (D)
Brooks. Jack (D)
Burleson. Omar (D)
Cabell, Earle (D)
Casey, Bob (D)
de la Garza, Eligio (D)
Oowdy, John (D)
Fisher, O. C. (D)
Gonzalez, Henry B. ( D)
Mahon, George H. (D)
Patman, Wright (D)
Pickle, J. J. (D)
Poage, W . R. (0)
Pool. Joe (D)
Purcell, Graham ( D)
Roberts, Ray (D)
Rogers, Walter (D)
Teague, Olin E. (D)
Thomas , Albert (D)
Thompson, Clark W. ( D)
White, Richard C. ( D)
Wright, James C . , Jr. (D)
Young, John (D)
UTAH
�rton, Laurence J. (R)
King. David S. (D)
VERMONT
Sta[[ord, Robert T. (R)
VIRGINIA
Abbitt, Watkins M. (D)
Broyhill, Joel T. (R)
Downing. Thomas N. (D)
Hardy, Porter, Jr. ( D)
Jennings . W. Pat (D)
Marsh, John 0 . • Jr. (D)
Po£[, Richard H. (R)
Satterfield, David E. , III (D)
Smith, Howard W. ( D)
Tuck, William M. (D)
WASHINGTON
Adams , Brockman (D)
Foley, Thomas S. (D)
Hansen. Julia Butler (D)
Hicks , Floyd V. (D)
May, Catherine (R)
Meeds , Lloyd (D)
Pelly, Thomas M. (R)
WEST VrRGINIA
Heckler . Ken (D)
Kee, James (D)
Moore, Arch A . , Jr. (R)
Slack, John M . • Jr. (D)
Stagger s , Harley 0, (D)
WISCONSIN
Byrnes , John W. (R)
Davis , Glenn R. (R)
Kastenmeier, Robert W. (D)
Laird, Melvin R. (R)
O'Konski, Alvin E. (R)
Race, John A. (0)
Reuss , Henry S. (D)
Stalbaum, Lynn E. (D)
Thomson. Vernon W. (R)
Zablocki, Clement Ú. (L)
WYOMING
Roncalio, Teno (D)
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ÏMË
Ifllmoot Repoft
Vol. 1 1 , No. 25 (Broadcast 51 3) June 21 , 1 965 Dallas, Texas
DAN SMOOT
PRES I DE NT J OHNS ON' S TWO WARS
5|oce le|:aa:y, íº:·, w|eo P:es|ceot )e|oseoe:1e:ec|ea||ogeita:gets|oNe:t|V|etoaa,
ceose:vat|ve eµµes|t|eo te c|sast:eas g:eat sec|etyµ:eg:aas |assteac||ycec||oecT|ee¡µes|t|eo
t|at :eaa|oec v|:t+a||· ce||a¡sec eo A¡:|| 29, l º:·, w|eo t|e P:es|ceot e:ce:ec ma:|oes |ote
t|e Dea|o|cao keµa|||c
Coe yea: age, ceose:vat|ves we:e |a|aec w|t| v|:||e|e¡e New t|ey eiteo j ||e, w|t| ||tte:·
oess |ea:|og a t|oge ei g:acg|og aca|:at|eo, t|at P:es|aeot )e|oseo |s ia|t|i+||y ia|û|||og :eoa·
te: Ge|cwate: s caaµa|go ¡:ea|ses ei l º:!
Ceaaeots i:ea ay sa|sc:||e:s µ:ev|ce a geecsaa¡||ogeit|ec|aog|ogceose:vat|veatt|tace.
l:ea a|| eve: t|e oat|eo, µeeµ|e say te ae
"I did not vote for President Johnson; and I do not like his crazy great society programs;
but I must now admit that he has the right idea about foreign policy. At last, we have a Presi­
dent who is really standing up against the communists."
Net|og t||s ceoc|t|eo, U. S. News & World Report aace a oat|eow|cesa:vey, aoc ¡a|||s|ec
t|e :esa|ts, eo may · i , iº:· , |o ao a:t|c|e eot|t|ec T|e C|aog|og meec ei Aae:|ca ¨ l:ea
t|e a:t|c|e
"The mood of people in America is discovered to be undergoing a change in this period . . . .
Sentiment seems to have hardened back of the President on a tougher policy in Vietnam. There
is almost unanimous support for the military move into the Dominican Republic."
·aa+e|i+|e||, a ¡e|.t.ca|¡e||ste: w|egeoe:a| | · :eüects t|e teta||ta:|ao |||e:a| v|ew, |as a|se
oetec t|e ce||aµse ei e¡¡es|t|eo te P:es|ceot )e|oseos ¡:eg:aas Io a ce|aao syoc|catec |y
Lo|tec leata:es, µa|||s|ec |o The Dallas Times Herald eo)aoe :, l º:· , La|e|| sa|c
"Although 1 9 months have passed since Lyndon Johnson became President, no clear line of
resistance to his policies has yet been drawn in the minds of the American public. If anything,
in fact, the opposition to him through the country appears weaker and more divided than it
was during the last presidential election . . æ o
THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, a magazine published every week by The Dan Smoot Report, Inc., mail­
ing address P. O. Box 9538, Lakewood Station, Dallas, Texas 75214; Telephone TAylor 1 -2303 (office
address 6441 Gaston Avenue) . Subscription rates: $1 0.00 a year, $6.00 for 6 months, $18.00 for two years.
For frst class mail $1 2.50 a year; by airmail (including APO and FPO) $1 4.50 a year. Reprints of specifc
issues: 1 copy for 25¢; 6 for $1 .00; 50 for $5.50; 100 for $1O.OO-each price for bulk mailing to one persoll.
Add 2% sales tax on all orders originating in Texas for Texas delivery.
Copyright by Dan Smoot, 1965. Second class mail privilege authorized at Dallas, Texas.
No Reproductions Permitted.
Page 193
"Among conservative Republicans, disgruntle­
ment over Johnson's economic policies has been
undercut by his forceful action in Viet N am and
the Dominican Republic. Repeatedly, these con­
servatives have said, 'I don't like Johnson's so­
cialism, but he's surprised me with his strong
stand against communism.' "
Icaooot:ei:a|oi:oasay|og,asP:es|ceot)o|o·
soo||aselioiteo saysµa:aµ|:as|ogt|eLo:cas
qaotec |o Isa|a|¨Coae oow, let as :easoo to·
get|e: ¨
I n The Cari bbean
Looce:o|og t|e Doa|o|cao keµa|l|c as
µo|otec oat |o t|e may i:, i º:· , |ssae oi t||s
Report} t|e ooly |ote:val oi :elat|ve µeace aoc
µ:osµe:.ty |o t|e ||sto:y oi t|e Doa|o|cao ke·
µa|l|c was t|e ªc·yea: T:aj |llo e:a kaiael T:a·
j |llo was a ty:aot, |at t|e Doa|o|caos |ave ao
ao|:o|eo :eco:c oi µ:ooi t|att|eya:e |ocaµa|le
oi aoce:staoc|og o: aa|ota|o|og a i:ee soc|ety
T:aj |llo s ty:aooy was c|:ectec aga|ost coaaa·
o|sts aoc t|e caaµ·iollow|og l||e:al leit|sts,
aoc aga|ost :eg|ooal c||eita|os-oooe oi w|oa
waoteci:eecoaio:t|eµeoµleT|eylastecaite:
t|e µowe: t|at T:aj |llo µossessec. T|e aaj o:|ty
oi t|e µeoµlet|e µeasaot aasseslovec T:a·
j|llo.(1)
T|e||ocoigove:oaeotaio:e|goµeoµle|ave,
o:waot, |soo|as|oessoioa:s,aolesst|egove:o·
aeot µoses a t|:eat to t|e l|ie aoc µ:oµe:ty oi
L. :. c|t|zeos o: to t|e seca:|ty oi t|e Lo|tec
:tates T:aj |llo, ia: i:oa |e|og a t|:eat to t|e
Lo|tec:tates,wast|eoolyst:oogi:|eoc we|ac
|o t|e Ca:|||eao a:ea Yet, cesµ|te T:aj |llos
ae:ce, aos|a|a|le loyalty to t|e Uo|tec :tates,
t|e£|seo|owe:aocKeooecyaca|o|st:at|oostoo|
t|e leac |o cest:oy|og t|e T:aj |l|o :eg|ae T|e
:tate Deµa:taeot aoc t|e CtA |ave eveo |eeo
accasec oi µlott|og aoc a::aog|og t|e assass|oa·
t|oo oi T:aj |llo |o l º:i . '
lo coot:ast, t|e Keooecy·)o|osoo aca|o|st:a·
t|oolav|s|eca|caocµ:a|seaµoo)aaoßosc|,w|o
waselectec P:es|ceotoit|eDoa|o|caokeµa|l|c
|o i º:: ßosc| |ac |eeo a coaaao|st, |o ex|le
i:oa t|e Doa|o|cao keµa|l|c io: : · yea:s, aoc
wasooto:|oas io: |ovolveaeot |o Lat|oAae:|cao
leit|stact|v. t|esDa:|ogt|eteoaoot|soißosc| s
µ:es|ceocy, t|e Keooecy·)o|osoo aca|o|st:at|oo
gave ||a aalt|¡l|ec a|ll|oos oi oa: tax colla:s,
toaa|et|eDoa|o|caokeµa|l|c,aoce:||sleit|st
c|ctato:s||µ,a ¨s|owcaseoiceaoc:acy. ¨T|ea|c
we gave ßosc| |o less t|ao ooe yea: was aaoy
t|aes ao:e t|ao t|e total aaoaot we |ac g|veo
T:aj |llo |o ªc yea:s"'
ßosc| asec Aae:|cao tax aooey to c:eate a
soc|al|st c|ctato:s||µ wo:se t|ao T:aj | llos , aoc
t|e Doa|o|cao ecoooay sao| |oto :a|o. :ee|og
t|e coaot:y :aµ|cly |ecoa|og a coaaao|st satel·
l|te, a a|l|ta:y j aota se|zec µowe: |o :eµtea|e:,
iº:ª , aocßosc|ûect|ecoaot:y T|ecoaaao|st
:e|ell|oo oi Aµ:|l, i º:·, was µlaooec aoc c|·
:ectec,atleast|oµa:t,|yßosc|i:oa||sLo|tec
:tates saoctaa:y |o Pae:to k|co.( 1)
Weaoct|e Doa|o|caos woalc |ave |eeo |o·
ûo|tely |ette: oû | iwe |ac leit t|ea aoc t|e|:
µ:o·Aae:|caoc|ctato:alooetoaaoaget|e|:owo
aûa|:stosteac,we|elµecc:eatecooc|t|oosw||c|
aaceoa:a|l|ta:y|ote:veot|oooecessa:y|o i º:·
Iioa:|ote:veot|oo|ac|eeo:o|astaocaol|a|tec,
oa:solc|e:scoalc|avew|µecoatt|ecoaaao|sts
:ag·tag |ooclaa gaog |o ªc |oa:s , aoc )o|osoo
woalc |ave cese:vec µ:a|se io: v|go:oas act|oo,
cesµ|te ||s coaµl|c|ty |o µ:ev|oas eveots w||c|
cest:oyec t|e Doa|o|cao keµa|l|c as a staaoc|
i:|eoc oit|eUo|tec :tates. ßat )o|osoo o:ce:ec
a |alt|og, t|a|c |ote:veot|oo w||c| |aoc|ca¡µec
oa: solc|e:s, cooiasec t|e|: o|j ect|ves, aoc µ:o-
||||tec t|ea i:oa as|og t|e|: |estweaµoos aoc
tact|cs.( 1)
ßeio:

eoa:t:ooµs|ac|eeo |o:aoto Doa|ogo
aaoot|,P:es|ceot)o|osoot|:eateoectoaset|ea
aga|ostt|eaot|·coaaao|stj aota, |it|e aot|·coa·
aao|sts c|c oot stoµ a g|t|og aoc oegot|ate a
coal|t|oo settleaeot At t|e t|ae we io:cec a
cease·a :e |c t|e Doa|o|cao keµa|||c, t|e coa-
aao|st-lec :e|els we:e los|og |o all qaa:te:s, aµ·
Page 194
µ:oac||og atte: ce|eat. T|e t:ace we eo|o:cec
gavet|ea ao oµµo:tao|ty to :eg:oaµ aoc gat|e:
st:eogt| to ûg|t soae ao:e.
:|aces o| t|e ¡ast ' T||s |s |ow we |e|µec
coaaao|sts cooqae: C||oa |o t|e iº!cs. T||s
|s |ow oa: :tate Deµa:taeot gave coaaao|sts
v|cto:y |o Ko:ea |o iº·ª, a|te: oa: so|c|e:s |ac
w||µµect|ecoaaao|sts oo eve:yaaj o: ûe|c o|
|att|e, at a cost o| ·!, .!: Aae:|cao ||ves T||s
| s|owwe|e|µeccoaaao|stsga|ocoot:o|o|st:a
teg|cNo:t|V|etoaa|oIoco·C||oa|oiº·! T||s
|s |ow weoegot|atec t|esa::eoce:o| Iaos to a
coaaao|st·coot:o||ec coa||t|oo gove:oaeot |o
i º:., a|te: a||||oos o| oa: tax co||a:s |ac |eeo
sqaaoce:ec, to t|e taoe o| |oac |oasts t|at we
woa|c oeve: µe:a|t coaaao|sts to ta|e Iaos( 3)
T||s| s|owHeo:yCa|otLocgeaoct|eKeooecy
aca|o|st:at|oocest:oyect|eD|eas|o:oat|V|et·
oaa |o i º:ª, t|as :eaov|og t|e |ast µ:o|a||||ty
o| st:oog aot|·coaaao|st coot:o| |o t|at |aoc.
to may . · , i º´·, a|oat i ccc woaeo |o
:aotoDoa|ogoaa:c|ecoot|eAae:|cao£a|as·
sy,|ea:|ogs|gos µ:otest|ogoa: µo||cy o||o:c|og
aot|·coaaao|sts to oegot|ate a coa||t|oo gove:o·
aeot w|t| coaaao|sts :oae o| t|e s|gos :eac
"Why does the United States stop our fight
against communism?"
:oae :eac
"Yankees yes, communists no! "
Ct|e:s sa| c.
"Yankees stay with us, but let's keep the house
clean. Out with the communists. "u, }
Att||saoaeot, |oweve:, | tseeas ce:ta|o t|at
t|e)o|osooaca|o|st:at|oow||||o:cet|eDoa|o·
|caos to acceµt a coaaao|st·coa|oatec coa||t|eo
gove:oaeot, aoce:t|ecoot:o|o|soae|eoc|aao
o| )aao ßosc|o: o| soae ot|e: ext:eae |e|t|st
w|o, |e|o:e |oog, w||| oµeo|y aoooaoce ||s
cec|cat|ootocoaaao|sa 1|eo, oa:|eace:s w|||
|e sa:µ:|sec, j as: as they ve:e surprised about
Cast:o.
)ast:eceot|y, |o:ae: P:es|ceotL|seo|owe: ex-
µ|a|oecw|y|eaocot|e:ea|oeotAae:|caosc|c
ootoµµoseCast:oaot||| twastoo|ate. m:£|seo·
|owe: sa|c ¨A|| so:ts o| µeo¡|e¨|oc|ac|og
)o|o l. Keooecy¨sa|c t|at Cast:o was a g:eat
aaow|owasgett|og:|c o|t|atc|ctato:, ßat|sta
Itwaso'taot||Decea|e:,iº:i , t|atCast:oûoa||y
coo|essec|ewasaaa:x|staoca|ways|ac |eeo. ¨
T|e:e|sa|||e:a|aet|oco|sµott|ogcoaaao|sts
wa|t|o:t|e|:vo|aota:ycoo|ess|oo.
Nowt|atwe a:e |o t|e Doa|o|cao keµa|||c,
w|atwes|oa|cco|so|v|oas.Wes|oa|c|goo:e
t|eC:gao|zat|ooo|Aae:|cao:tatesaoc a||ot|e:
oats|ce o:gao|zat|oos aoc oat|oos We s|oa|c act
sw||t|y, w|t| a|| oa: st:eogt|, to c|eao oateve:y
µoc|et o| coaaao|sa We s|oa|c occaµy t|e
oat|oow|t| oa:owot:ooµs aot|| a geoa|oe aot|·
coaaao|st gove:oaeot |s |osta||ec, aoc we
s|oa|c t|eo get oat aoc |eave t|e Doa|o|cao
keµa|||ca|ooe.
In Asia
J |eV|etoaa aûa|: |s eveo ao:e coaµ||catec
aoc caoge:oas t|aot|eDoa|o|caos|taat|oo. We
|ave aaoy t|aes :ev|ewec t|e steµs w||c| too|
as to oa: µ:eseot |aµasse |o As|a Iet as :ev|ew
t|ea aga|o.(3,4)
CoAagast8, i º!· , s|xcays|e|o:et|eLo|tec
:tates|o:cec)aµaoesesa::eoce:,t|e:ov|etLo|oo
cec|a:ecwa:oo)aµao CoAagastº, t|:ee:ov|et
a:a|es aovec |oto maoc|a:|a (No:t|easte:o
C||oa, |o:ce:|og kass|a aoc Ko:eaj. :ov|et
a:a|es stayec |o maoc|a:|a |ess t|ao a yea:
|oog eooag| to c|saaot|e aoc :eaove to t|e
L::k a||aoce:o|ocast:|a|µ|aots,t:aosµo:tat|oo
|ac|||t|es, aoc eve:yt||og e|se t|e :ov|ets coa|c
ase Da:|ogt||s ¡e:|oc, t|ey setaµa coaaao|st
µaµµet state |o No:t| Ko:ea. A|te: st:|µµ|og
maoc|a:|ao| a|oat ooe|||||oo co||a:s wo:t| o|
wa:|ooty, t|e:ov|ets a:aec C||oesecoaaao|sts
with captured Japanese equipment (and w|t|
Aae:|cao eqa|paeot w||c| we |ac g|veo t|e
Page 195
:ov|et :||e:|ao a:a|es j , aoc t|ey |elµec coa·
aao|sts saccess|ally :es|st C||oese oat|ooal|st
|o:ces w||c| C||aog Ka|·s|e| seot to occaµy
maoc|a:|aas t|e :ov|ets w|t|c:ew( 3)
l:oa t|e|:maoc|a:|+o |ase, C||oese coaaa·
o|sts |oteos|ûec t|e|: wa: aga|ost C||aog Ka|·
s|e| To wea|eo Lo|tec :tates saµµo:t |o:
C||aog, coaaao|sts, aoc t|e|: l ||e:al µ:oµagao·
c|sts |oAae:|ca,cla|aect|eywe:eoot:ealcoa·
aao|sts, |at ag:a:|ao :e|o:ae:s, ae:ely see||og
|a|: :eµ:eseotat|oo |o C||aog Ka|·s|e|s gove:o·
aeot C||aog:es|stec Aae:|cao ceaaocs t|at |e
oegot|atew|t|coaaao|sts,aot|lGeo:gema:s|all
|o:cec ||a to coa¡ly. T|e :esalt was coa·
aao|stcooqaest o| C||oa |o i º!º
Co )aoe .!, i º·c, coaaao|sts attac|ec :oat|
Ko:ea. P:es|ceot 1:aaao seot Aae:|cao t:ooµs
to c:|ve coaaao|sts oat o| Ko:ea, aoc to ao||y
t|e oat|oo ( oo:t| aoc soat|j aoce: t|e aot|·
coaaao|stgove:oaento|:yogaaok|ee Was|-
|ogtooaocLo|tecNat|oosomc|alcoawoalcoot,
|oweve:, let Aae:|caos aoc :oat| Ko:eaos w|o
t|e wa:. Io )aly, iº· ªa|te: ·!, :!c Aae:|caos
|ac c|ecP:es|ceot £|seo|owe: acceµtec a Ko·
:eao a:a|st|ceoote:as µ:oµosec |y ¨oeat:al|st¨
Ioc|a, |at c|ctatec |y coaaao|sts.( 3)
T:y|og to :esto:e s|atte:ec Aae:|cao µ:est|ge,
t|e £|seo|owe: aca|o|st:at|oo asse:tec t|at we
|acsto¡µec coaaao|sa|oKo:ea, aoct|atcoa-
aao|sts:eal|zect|eycoalccooqae:ooao:ete::|-
to:y|oAs|a.1|eaca|o|st:at|ooex¡:esseca:ace·
te:a|oat|oo to ¡:otect l:eoc| Iococ||oa |:oa
coaaao|sts.( 3)
Iococ||oa|sa|ageµeo|osala,µ:oj ect|ogsoat|
wa:c í:oa t|e As|ao aa|olaoc |oto t|e Ioc|ao
Cceao aoc t|e :oat| C||oa :ea coaµ:|s|og
ßa:aa, malaya, :|ogaµo:e, T|a|laoc Caa|oc|a,
Laos,aocV|etoaal:eoc|coloo|alµossess|oos|o
t|at:eg|oo|oowoasl:eoc|Iococ||oa |o·
clacecV|etoaa,Caa|oc|a,aocLaos.
T|e:e |ac |�eo sµo:ac|c, |ocec|s|ve gae::|lla
wa:|a:e |etweeo l:eoc| aoc coaaao|st |o:ces
|o:yea:s, aocwe|acsaµµo:tect|el:eoc| w.t|
a|ll|oos o| colla:s o|a|c. T|eKo:eao wa: gave
ao|ocalcala|le|oostto t|eao:ale, µ:est|ge, aoc
a|l|ta:yst:eogt|o|coaaao|sts|oAs|aA|te:t|e
Ko:eao a:a|st|ce, t|e:e|o:e, cooc|t|oos c|aogec
exµlos|velyCoaaao|stscoove:tecscatte:ecgae:·
:|lla act|oo |oto total wa: aga|ost t|e l:eoc|
We coot|oaec a|c to t|e l:eoc|, |at oo may
i º·!, t|e gallaot :es|staoce o| a saall |aoc o|
l:eoc| lo:e|go Leg|oooa|:es was |:o|eo, aoc
D|eo||eoµ|a,t|elastl:eoc|st:oog|olc|ooo:t|·
e:oV|etoaa, |ell Ca:a|c to l:aocewaswastec,
coaaao|sts|ac cooew|atwe|acµlecgecoeve:
to let t|ea co
Io t|e late saaae: o| i º·!, ao |ote:oat|ooal
coo|e:eoce at Geoeva c|v|cec t|e olc l:eoc|
Lo|oo |oto |oa:oat|oos oeat:al Caa|oc|a, oea·
t:alLaos,oeat:al:oat|V|etoaa, aoc coaaao|st
No:t| V|etoaa.
Ao Iote:oat|ooal Coot:ol Coaa|ss|oocoa·
µosec o| :eµ:eseotat|ves |:oaCaoaca, loc|a, aoc
coaaao|st Polaocwas g|veo t|e j o| o| saµe:·
v|s|og t|e t:ace ag:eeaeots Coaaao|sts |ac
gae::|lla |aocs t|:oag|oat t|e a:ea. T|ey |ac
|eeog|veoallo|No:t|V|etoaa,w|t|t|eaoce:·
staoc|og t|at t|ey woalc c|sµe:se t|e|: :e|el
g:oaµs |o Laos, Caa|oc|a, aoc :oat| V|etoaa,
aoc:esµectt|eoeat:al|tyo|t|oset|:ee|oceµeoc·
eot oat|oos T|ey oeve: c|c c|s¡e:se t|e|: gae:·
:|lla |aocs, |at asec t|ea to |a:ass t|e t|:ee
oat|oos T|e Iote:oat|ooal Coot:ol Coaa|ss|oo
|goo:ec, o: tac|tly aµ¡:ovec, coaaao|st v|ola·
t|oos.
Iol º· · , t|e£|seo|owe:aca|o|st:at|oocec|cec
to aa|e |ts oext û:a staoc aga|ost sµ:eac|og
As|ao coaaao|sa |oLaosa laocloc|ec, µ:|a|·
t|ve,j aogle||ogcoao|a|oattwoa|ll|eo¡eoµle,
aostly |ll|te:ate T|e Laot|ao ecoooay weot
oo t|e Aae:|cao cole We t:a|oec, eqa|µµec,
clot|ec, |oasec, |ec,aocµa|ct|esala:|es o|t|e
Laot|ao a:ay aoc µol|ce |o:ces , aoc we c|:ectly
aoaocec ao:e t|ao ºc¯ o| t|e total c|v|l|ao
|acget o|t|egove:oaeot o|Laos.(4)
Io Decea|e:, i º:c, oa:s|ce atlastseeaec to
|e w|oo|og A st:oog aot|·coaaao|st (P:|oce
ßoao Caa\ was t|e ¡:ea|e: o( a new govern­
aeot , aoc coaaao|st |o:ces we:e c:|veo |:oa
Page 196
V|eot|aoe ( caµ|taloit|eoat|ooj w|e:e t|ey|ac
|eeo|ocoot:olio:aoot|sT|e:ov|etssaggestec
ao |ote:oat|ooal cooie:eoce to ¨sett|e t|e t:oa|le
|oLaos ¨Itwaso|v|oast|atcoaaao|sts waotec
tosw|tc| t|ewa:io:Laos i:oat|e|attleûelc to
t|e cooie:eoce ta|le w|e:e t|e aot|·coaaao|st
gove:oaeot oi Laos coa|c |e io:cec to io:a a
coal|t|oo gove:oaeot w|t| coaaao|sts.( 4)
T|e Lo|tec :tates :ej ectec t|e :ov|et o:ooosal
|oDecea|e:, i º:c,|atooma:c|:ª. iº:i, P:es|·
ceotKeooecy :eve:sect|eAae:|caoµos|t|oo Io
i º:i aoc i º::, P:es|ceotKeooecyssµec|alea|s·
sa:ytoIaos (W. Ave:ell Ha::|aao, c|c|oLaos
w|atGeo:gema:s|a|l|accooe|oC||oai · yea:s
|eio:eio:cec t|e aot|·coaaao|st gove:oaeot
to sa::eoce: coot:ol to a coaaao|st·coa|oatec
coal|t|oo. ßyt|eeoc oi i º:: , Laos was v|:taa|ly
acoaaao|stµaµµetstate|atAae:|caoa|ccoo·
t|oaec(4)
:|aa|taoeoasly w|t| a|aocoo|og t|e ûg|t
aga|ostcoaaao|sa |oLaos, t|eKeooecyaca|o·
| st:at|oo, |o ea:ly i º::, aoooaocec t|at the i|:a
staoc aga|ost As|ao coaaao|sawoalc |e aace
|o :oat| V|etoaa All io:as oi Aae:|cao a|c
we:eg:eatly |oc:easec aoc t|oasaocs oi Aae:|·
cao a|l|ta:y µe:soooel we:e ass|goec to :oat|
V|etoaa as acv|se:s, tec|o|c|aos, t:a|oe:s( 4)
I:oa t|e |eg|oo|og, t|e wa: |o V|etoaa, l||e
t|e ea:||e: wa: |o Ko:ea, was wagec i:oa t|e
Aae:.cao s|1e w.t| seli·.aµose1 l|a|tat.oos
aga|ost provoking t|e µ:|oc|µal eoeay Coaaa·
o|st C||oa aoc t|e :ov|ets t:a|oec gae::|llas |o
No:t|V|etoaa aocaovect|ea,|ylao1aoc|y
a|:l|it, |otoLaos.( 4)
I:oat|e|:saie|ases|oLaos,coaaao|stgae:·
:|llas|ac a c|o|ce oi |aoc:ecs oit:a|ls io::a|cs
ac:oss t|e |o:ce: |oto :oat| V|etoaa T|ey te:-
:o:|zecv|llages, ||coaµµec µeasaots io: t:a|o|og
aoc se:v|ce |o coaaao|st a:a|es, cooûscatec o:
cesttoyec saµµl|es aoc eqa|µaeot v|tal to t|e
a| l|ta:y aoc to t|e c|v|l|ao µoµalat.oo oi :oat|
V|etoaa,||lle1:oat|V|etoaat:ooµs (aoc,w|eo
µoss.ble, t|e.: Aae:|cao a1v.se:s \ . Waeo :|ey
aetoµµos|t|oo,coaaao|sts:et:eatecaloogj aogle
t:a|ls to saiety, e|t|e: io ¨oeat:al¨ Caa|oc|a o:
¨oeat:al¨ Laos µ:|v|legec saoctaa:|es w|e:e
Aae:|cao µol|cy woalc oot µe:a|t t|ea to |e
iollowec, o: t|e|: saµµly |ases attac|ec( 4)
Ca: gove:oaeot woalc oot eveo µe:a|t t|e
:oat| V|etoaaese to :etal|ate w|eo t|ey we:e
û:ec aµoo i:oa ac:oss t|e Caa|oc|ao |o:ce:(4)
lo:t|eaostµa:t,t|eµeoµ|eoi:oat|V|etoaa
l||e t|e µeoµle oi Laos|ac l|ttle |ote:est |o
t|ewa: aga|ost coaaao|sa ßatt|e :oct| V|et-
oaaese gove:oaeot oi P:es|ceot Ngo D|o|
D|ea, st:oogly aot|·coaaao|st, was cete:a|oec
to stay |o t|e ûg|t aot|l v|cto:y was ac||evec( 4)
Aae:|cao a|l|ta:y aeo :ecogo|zec D|ea io:
w|at|ewas ast:oogaaoatt|e|eacoiaoat|oo
w|ose | ||.:e:ate µeasaot:y (t|e|al|oi t|eµoµa·
lat|ooj |oows oot||og aoc ca:es |ess a|oat t|e
aeao|og oi coaaao|sa o: a|oat t|e c|v|l|zec
|cea oi ûg|t|og io: i:eecoaa oat|oo w|ose
iewecacatecµeoµlea:ela:gely|:a|owas|ecw|t|
µ:o·coaaao|st |ceas oi cooteaµo:a:y |||e:al|sa
Atwa:aga.ostaoeoeayt|atwas |ovac.og i:oa
w|t|oataoceot:eoc|ecw|t||o,D|ea c|ct:aaµ|e
oo c|v|l :|g|ts, j ast as A|:a|aa L|ocolo c|c
ca:|ogt|eAae:|caoC|v|lWa:, |atwewe:eoot
|elµ|og D|ea |ecaase we lovec ||a We we:e
|elµ|og||a, osteos||ly,|ecaaset|eKeooecyac·
a|o|st:at|oowaotectoaa|e a û:astaoc aga|ost
coaaao|sa |o :oat| V|etoaa( 4)
Aae:|cao a|l|ta:y aeo |oew t|at, |i oa: o|·
j ect|ve was to ûg|t coaaao|sa, we |ac |ette:
st|c|w|t|D|ea,|ecaase|ewascaµa|leoico|og
a |ette: j o| t|ao aoyooe else.( 4)
Ioceec,as lateasCcto|e:, i º:ª, ko|e:t : mc·
Naaa:a (:ec:eta:y oi Deieosej aoc Geoe:al
maxwell D. Taylo: (t|eo C|a|:aaooi t|e)o|ot
C||eisoi:taûj sa|c t|e wa:aga|ostcoaaao|sa
|o :oat| V|etoaa was go|og so well t|at i ccc
Aae:|cao a|l|ta:y aeo coalc |e µallec oat |y
t|eeoc oi 1963, aoct|ataostteaa|o|ogAaet|·
caoscoalc |e :eaovec |y t|eeocoi iº:· ''
ßa:I:esiceo:jo|oF. Kelledy, Vice President
Lyocoo ß. ]o|osoo, ao1 ot|e: aaj o: omc|als | o
Page 197
t|e Keooe1y a1aioist:atioo seeae1 to |ave ao
iaµ|aca||e |at:e1 oi Diea. Heo:y Ca|ot Lo1ge
wasseotto:oat|VietoaaasAae:|caoAa|assa·
1o:. io:t|e µa:µose, |t|ate: aµµea:e1, oi :eaov-
iog D|ea. CoNovea|e: l , l º:·, t|e D|ea gov·
e:oaeot was ove:t|:owo. P:esi1eot Ngo D|o|
Dieaao1|is|:ot|e:NgoDio|N|awe:eaa:·
1e:e1T|e:ea:e1|sta:||og|o1icatioost|atHeo:y
Ca|ot Lo1ge ( ca::y|og oat µo||cies oi t|e :tate
Deµa:taeotj

was 1eeµ|y iovo|ve1 io t|at g:ae·
soae aûa|: t|at |e µ:o11e1 ao1 ao|eas|e1
io:ces, ao1 |e|µe1 µ|ao eveots, w|ic| |e1 to t|e
1aa|aa:1e:.(4)
Aite: t|e Diea gove:oaeot was ove:t|:owo,
t|e wa: aga|ost coaaao|sa |o :oat| V|etoaa
weot i:oa |a1 towo:se P:esi1eot Keooe1ywas
assassioate1 |o t|e saae aoot| w|eo P:es|1eo.
Lieawas aa:1e:e1.
P :esi1eot )o|osoo |as cootioae1 t|e |as|c
Keooe1y µo|icy io :oat| V|etoaa.(4)
Io t|e µast l ª yea:s, oa: a:ae1 io:ces |ave
sµeot 5 3 |i|||oo, ºcc a|||ioo 1o||a:s oo 1eve|·
oµaeot ao1 µ:o1act|oo oi oac|ea: weaµoos.
ke|ative|y iew oi t|ea a:e wo:|1·s|atte:|og
|oa|smosta:etact|ca|weaµoos1esigoe1tosave
t|e|ivesoioa:owoaeo|ygiviogt|eaweaµoo
saµe:|o:|ty. To 1ate, |oweve:, we have not used
one nuclear weapon in Vietnam.
IoIe|:aa:·, l º´·, I:es|1eotjo|osoo1e||g|te1
Aae:icao coose:vat|vesao1 |o::iae1 |i|e:a|s-
|· :evea||og t|at |e |a1 aat|o:|ze1 |oa||og |o
No:t|V|etoaa,µ:ev|oas|ya µ:|v||ege1 saoctaa:·
io: t|e coaaao|sts A|aost eve:yooe seeae1 to
ove:|oo|t|eiactt|at, |eio:eo:1e:iogt|e|oa|·
iog, P:es|1eot )o|osoo |a1 sac:|ace1 t|e eûec·
tiveoess oi t|at 1ecisioo |y aoooaociog t|at we
woa|1 not |oa| aaj o: c|ties, |a:|o:s, ao1 v|ta|
io1ast:|a| |osta||atioos.(6)
Two ia|| aoot|s oisac||oa||og aµµa:eot|y
1i1 |itt|e 1aaage to t|e coaaaoist eoeay i o
No:t| V|etoaa (t|oag| |t1| 1g:eat 1aaage to
President Johnson's political opposition at home
)

:o, P:esi1eotjo|osootoo| aoot|e: |o|1steµ. |e
vi:taa||y oûe:e1 t|e coaaaoists a |i||ioo·1o||a:
|:i|e ii t|ey woa|1 qait ag|tiog to oegotiate.
T|e coaaaoists soee:e1.
W|at1oest|is 1otooa:¨wo:|1iaage¨ : T|e
µeoµ|eoit|ewo:|1 |oowwe a:eag|tiogawa:
ioVietoaaT|ey:easooa||yassaaewea:e1oiog
oa: |est, ag|tiog w|t| a|| we |ave. Yet, aite:
ioa:aoot|s oiµ:esaae1a||·oateûo:t|ya|g|ty
Aae:ica, agaiostt|etwe|it|·:ate coaaaoist µaµ·
µetstateoiNo:t|Vietoaa, oo aµµ:ecia||egaios
io:oa:si1e |ave|eeoaa1e, ao1t|e |itt|ecoa·
aaoist eoeaysti| | j ee:s w|eo P:esi1eot )o|osoo
µ|ea1s io: ao|iaite1 1iscassioos.
W||| t|is 1ete: coaaao|st agg:ess|oos |o t|e
wo:|1 : To t|e coot:a:y, |t saggests t|at t|e
Loite1 :tates 1oes oot |ave t|e sµioe o: t|e
wi|| to ase its g:eat oat|ooa| st:eogt| agaiost
coaaaoisa.
¾e s|oa|1oeve: |ave iovo|ve1 oa:se|ves io
Vietoaa. We|aveoo |as|oess s|e11iog Aae:i-
cao ||oo1 ioAsia io: Asiaos.
ßatt|e:e,as e|sew|e:ew|eo t|eiote:oatioo·
a|ist µo|icies oi oa: tota||ta:|ao |||e:a|s get as
|ovo|ve1 io wa:we oag|t to g|ve oa: ag|tiog
aeo oa: |est weaµoos, ao1 st:||e ia|| st:eogt|
to wio, ao1 wio qaic||y.
P:esi1eot)o|osoosays|eis1ete:a|oe1tostoµ
coaaaoistagg:essioo ioAsia, :ega:1|essoicost.
I ( |e|s1ete:a|oe1tosto¡|tw|t|Aae:|caoaao·
µowe:, |e|a1|ette: |it t|eceote: oicoaaaoist
µowe:|oAs|a !|at|soot|ot|ej aog|essoat|oi
Haoo| |t|s|o Pe|µ|og, t|e caµ|ta| oi coaaaoist
C||oa'
Ii we cootioae t|e µo|icy w|ic| oa: iote:oa·
t|ooa||stae11|e:s seea1ete:a|oe1to io||ow we ,
w||||aveto ag|t t|e C|ioese coaaaoists. Ii we
a:ego|ogto ag|tt|ea,we|a1 |ette: 1o itoow,
|eio:e t|ey acqa|:e ao:e weaµoos oi aass 1e·
st:act|oo.
T|eC|ioesecoaaao|stsa:e:at||ess|a:|a:iaos
who murdered about 50 million of their own
peop|e, wit|oat |eoeat oi sape:io: weapoos.
Pag 1 98
To ae, it is sµioe c|i| |iog to see as |ea1iog
io: wa: wit| t|e C|ioese coaaaoists, |at 1e·
|ayiog|oogeooag| io:t|eato |ai|1 a ia||a:se·
oa| oi oac|ea: weaµoos ao1 to aa|e t|e i:st
st:i|e'
A||·oat wa: wit| coaaaoist C|ioa is one
a|te:oative to t|e 1:ea1ia| iaµasse ioto w|ic|
oa: µo|itica| |ea1e:s |ave aaoiµa|ate1 as. Two
ot|e: coa:sesa:eµossi||e ( l j aoot|e: 1isgaise1,
1isg:aceia|sa::eo1e: io Vietoaa, coaµa:a||e to
µ:evioassa::eo1e:s ioAsia, o: ( . , a µ:o|ooge1,
|iaite1 wa:, ioaoite|y cost|y io Aae:icao ||oo1
ao1:esoa:ces
There is one alterative, w|ic| aa|es |i|e:a|s
i:ot|at t|e aoat|, |atw|ic| I :ecoaaeo1.
We s|oa|1 give C|iaog Kai·s|e|, ao1 t|e
wo:|1, ootice t|at we µ|ao to get oat, w|eo we
a:e :ea1y, ao1 |et Asiaos ag|t t|ei: owo wa:s io
t|ei:owoway.
W|i|e µ:eµa:iog to get oat, we s|oa|1 µat:o|
t|e:t:aitoiIo:aosatoµ:otect C|iaog i:oat|e
coaaaoists, µe:aittiog |ia to st:i|e t|e coa·
aaoists ii |e|i|es.
Wes|oa|1iostaot|ystoµa|| io:eigo ai1aost
oiw|ic|goes to coaaaoist, µ:o·coaaaoist, ao1
oeat:a|ist oatioos
A||ai1t|at|asa|:ea1y|eeocoaaitte1 (w|ic|
isa|:ea1yiot|e¨µiµe|ioe¨ao1caooot:easooa||y
|e a|:aµt|y stoµµe1j s|oa|1 |e 1|ve:te1 to
C|iaog Kai·s|e|, w|o |as |eeo |eggiog io: a
c|aoce to ig|t io: .o yea:s
Aite:oa:ai1 is1e|ive:e1toC|iaog,wes|oa|1
µa|| oat, giviog|ia oa:||essiogto aove as |e
µ|eases to :escae C|ioa i:oa t|e coaaaoists. Ii
|esaccee1e1, |ewoa|1 1est:oy t|e ioaotaio|ea1
oi coaaaoist µowe: io Asia
W|at ii |e iai|e1 :
T|e:e is ooe t|iogwe can |e sa:e oi ii t|e:e
a:eoot eooag| Asiaos w|| |iog ao1 a||e to ig|t
io:t|ei:owo i:ee1oa, t|eoAsiacaooot|esave1
Noaatte:|owaaoyAae:ican|ivesoa:µo||tica|
|ea1e:saay|ewi||iogtosac:iace iot|ej aog|es,
1ese:ts, |i||s,ao1 :iceµa11ies, we siaµ|y 1o oo:
|ave eooag| aeo to ag|t Asia s wa:s io: |e:
\ |atisC|iaogKai·s|e|sviewoit|eµ:o|-
|ea:He:e,i:oat|eAµ:|| iº, l º:·, issaeoiFree
China Weekly, a:e coaaeots w|ic| P:esi1eot
C|iaog aa1e to a LPI co::esµoo1eot io Taiµei
oo Aµ:i| i ., i º:·
"The United States should . . , . adopt a positive
policy with a view to eliminating the communist
regime on the Chinese mainland and at the same
time avoiding a direct armed clash with the
Chinese Communists.
"We must realize that the Peiping regime is
not only the source of the current disturbances
in much of Asia but also poses an ever-growing
threat to the free world as a whole. Its leaders
WHO I S DA N S MO O T ?
Born in Missouri, reared in Texas, Dan Smot went to SMU getting BA and MA degrees, 1938 and 1940. In
1941, he joined the facult at Harvard as a Teaching Fellow, doing graduate work for a doctorate in American civili·
zation. From 1942 to 1951, he was an FBI agent: three and a half years on communist investigations; two years on
FBI headquarters staf; almost four years on general FBI cases in various places. He resigned from the FBI and,
from 1951 to 1955, was commentator on national radio and television programs, giving both sides of controversial
issues. In July, 1955, he started his present proft-supported, free-enterprise business : publishing The Dan Smoot
Report, a weekly magazine available by subscription; and producing a weekly news-analysis radio and television
brodcast, available for sponsorship by reputable busines frms, as an advertising vehicle. The Report and brodct
give one side of important issues: the side that presents documented truth using the American Constitution a a yard­
stick. If you think Smot's materials are efective against scialism and communism, you can help immensely-help gel
subribers for the Report, commercial sponsors for te brdcast.
Page 199
are fanatics bent on internal oppressIOn and
external aggression . . . .
"Anti-Communist Asian nations, such as the
Republic of China [ Free China] , that have well­
trained armed forces . . . should have their hands
unshackled so that they can use their own
strength to launch a crusade against a rebel
regime in their own country. In so doing, they
will be destFoying the sanctuary of the Chinese
Communists' aggression against the free world.
The United States need not send a single soldier
to fght on the Chinese mainland. Thus other
countries could be denied any ground to inter­
vene in China's domestic afairs . . . .
"Since the formation of their party in 1 921 ,
the Chinese Communists have always regarded
the United States as their arch enemy. They have
openly and repeatedly declared that they cannot
co-exist with America, and that they will keep
on instigating other nations to oppose the United
States until they succeed in expelling her from
the Western Pacifc. Their aim is the complete
subjugation of Asia and world domination. This
means that until and unless the Peiping regime
is overthrown, there is neither any hope of peace
in Asia nor any chance of security anywhere on
the globe. The destruction of this regime and
the avoidance of a direct armed confict with
the Chinese Communists, therefore, should be
the ultimate purpose of the U. S. policy in Asia."
FOOTNOTES
( 1 ) For background information on the Dominican Republic crisis,
see this Report, "The Dominican Republic," May 17, 1965.
( 2 ) AP story from Santo Domingo, The Dallas Times Herald, May
19, 1965, pp. lA, lOA; UPI story from Santo Domingo, The
Dallas Times Herald, May 23, 1965, pp. lA, 27A
( 3 ) For details on American Asian policies, see this Report, "Our
Asian Wars," May 1 1, 1964.
( 4) Detailed information on U. S. involvement in Vietnam, and
Henry Cabot Lodge's part in the destruction of the Diems, is
in this Report, "Vietnam and Lodge," April 27, 1964.
( 5 ) UPI story from Santo Domingo, The Dallas Morning News,
May 26, 1965, p. 1A
( 6) "Washington Whispers," U. S. News & J orld Report, June
21 , 1965, p. 3 1
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ToP:es|1eotLyo1ooß )o|osoo,ag:eatsoc|ety aeaos gove:oaeot·µ:ov|1e1 |oas|og, gove:o-
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To t|eaeow|o ioao1e1 oa: oat|oo, ao1 to t|ose w|o 1eve|oµe1 |t, a g:eat soc|ety aeaot t|e
1|:ectoµµos|te|taeaotaµo||t|ca|systeaw||c| |eit µeoµ|e i:ee to io||ow t|e|: owo 1est|o|es,
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coose:vat|ves.
THE DAN SMOOT REPORT, a magazine published every week by The Dan Smoot Report, Inc., mail­
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Pag 201
Hetweeo l ¯ºcao1 lº. l , g:eatwaveso||aa|·
g:at|ooµoao1e1t|es|o:eso|Aae:|ca,|:|og|og
|otweotya||||oo£a:oµeaos.W|y :W|atµ:oa|se
o| Aae:|ca |:oag|t t|ea|e:e :
Aae:|ca |s a |a|a|oas coaot:y. l:oa Paget
:oao1 to t|e l|o:|1aKeys , |:oa t|e t|ao1e: o|
N|aga:atot|esao|a|e1 st|| |oess o|L| Ceot:e÷
Aae:|ca |s a |ao1 o| aago|iceot coot:asts a
µ|ace o| :aw 1eso|at|oo ao1 |as| a|ao1aoce, o|
qa|c| aooey ao1 sa11eo |oss , o| ||tte: ag||oess
ao1 teo1e:|eaaty.
Aae:|ca |s a |ao1 w|ose |o|ty aoaota|os ao1
1eeµ :|ve:s |ea: oaaes t|at a:e aas|c oo t|e
toogae,oaaes:|c||ot|e|o:eao1|egeo1o|aa:
ve|oasao1ayste:|oasIo1|aot:||esw|oµ:e|e::e1
1eat| tosa::eo1e:.
ßatAae:|ca |s ao:e t|ao µoet:y
It |s a |ao1 w|e:e aeo |oow t|at ao:a||ty,
coosc|eoce, ao1 |aµµ|oess a:e t|e exc|as|ve µos·
sess|oos o| |o1|v|1aa|s ao1 cao |e ac||eve1 oo|y
|y |o1|v|1aa| eûo:t w|t| 1|v|oe|e|µ,
÷W|e:eequality s|go|iest|eeqaa||aµo:taoce
o| |o1|v|1aa|s |e|o:e Go1 ao1 |e|o:e t|e |aw,
|at :ecogo|zes t|e |oûo|te 1|ve:s|ty o| ta|eots,
tastes, aa||t|oos, caµac|t|es, ao1 aate:|a| coo·
1|t|oos as oata:a| |o: |:ee aeo ao1 esseot|a| to
t|e sasteoaoce ao1 µ:og:ess o| |aaao soc|ety,
÷W|e:e aeo :ea||ze t|at t|e ty:aooy o| ao
:est:|cte1aaj o:|ty :a|e cao|eeveoao:ete::|||e
t|ao t|e ty:aooy o|a 1|ctato:,
W|e:e aeo, |oow|og t|at t|e |a||ot |ox |s
ooteooag| to seca:e t|e ||ess|ogs o| | ||e:ty, es·
ta|||s|e1 a coost|tat|ooa| systea o| ||a|te1 gov·
e:oaeot to gaa:aotee µe:sooa| |:ee1oa |y |aw,
W|e:este:oaeo,û:a| ot|e|:|a|t|| oGo1,
sµea|w|t|1|v|oeaat|o:|tyw|eot|eysaytot|e|:
owo gove:oaeot ¨T|oa s|a|t oot a|:|1ge t|ese
|:ee1oas w||c| Go1 |at| g|veo as. ¨
lo:geoe:at|oos, |twasta|eo |o: g:aote1 t|at
t|eµ:ec|oas1|aaoo1so||aaaoc|v||. zat|oowe:e
|e:e, ao1 oo|y |e:e|oAae:|ca.
Ao1t|e:ewass|ee:aag|c|ot|eo|1Aae:|cao
|o:aa|a. Itw:oag|ta|:ac|es aµoo t|eswa:a|og
a||||oos wo caae |e:e see||og t|e µ:oa|se1
|ao1. Io a a|:aca|oas|y s|o:t t|ae, |t µ:o1ace1
t|eg:eatest c|v|||zat|oot|e wo:|1 |as eve: seeo
Aoc|eot |ea1s ao1 c|ass·coosc|oas |at:e1s o|
£a:oµe|a||e1tota|e:oot|ot|eso||o|Aae:|ca
aot|| :eceot|y, w|eo t|ey we:e µ|aote1 ao1
ooa:|s|e1 |y a||eo µ|||osoµ||es
Co|y |ot|etweot|et| ceota:y |aveAae:|caos
|egao to 1oa|t, to |ea:, to |ose t|e|: |a|t||ose
t|e|: o|1 cooû1eoce |o t|e a|so|ate :|g|toess o|
Aae:|cao µ:|oc|µ|es. Coe geoe:at|oo o| Aae:|-
caos |a|te:e1 |o |a|t| ao1 ao1e:stao1|og. la|te:-
|og, t|ey 1|1 oot ca:e o: 1|1 oot µe:ce|ve w|eo
|ea1e:s|egaoto|ot:o1acewo:o·oatqaac|e:|eso|
o|1-wo:|1 co||ect|v|sa |oto t|e Aae:|caosystea.
Ao1, aswe|oseoa: |a|t|,we|oseoa:st:eogt|.
Wea:eto|1t|att|ewo:|1|ss|c|ao1oee1soa:
|e|µ, |at we caooot ca:e t|e µat|eot |y coo·
t:act|og ||s |ata| 1|sease. We a|g|t g|ve ||a
|oµe o| :ecove:y || we s|owe1 ||a ev|1eoce o|
oa: owo v|go:oas |ea|t| ao1 to|1 ||a |ow to
ac||eve t|at |ea|t| ||ase|| A aao oea: 1eat|
woa|1 |eoeût ao:e |y |ea:o|og o| a ca:e |o:
||sa||aeott|ao|y|av|og||s|osµ|ta|||||sµa|1.
I| t|e :ea| ao1 |asc.oat|og Aae:|cao sto:y
we:e to|1 ao1 ao1e:stoo1 t|:oag|oat t|e wo:|1,
ty:aooy eve:yw|e:e a|g|t toµµ|e |o a sc:aa||e
o|µeoµ|est:y|ogto|o||owt|eAae:|caoexaaµ|e.
A| | a:oao1 as, |:aot|c aeo a:e sea:c||og |o:
oew cooceµts ao1 |:es| aµµ:oac|es to ac||eve
ao|ve:sa|µeaceao1µ:osµe:|ty. Aae:|caoee1soo
oew 1|scove:|es |o t|e :ea|a o| µo||t|ca| |1eas,
o:t|e|aaoc||og o|oewsoc|a| exµe:|aeots. Cut
oee1 oow |s |o: :e1|scove:y ao1 :eoewe1 ao1e:·
stao1|og o| t|e t:ae ao1 t:|e1 µ:|oc|µ|es o|
Aae:|cao|sa.
Iot|e st:|||og :eco:1o|oa: owo coaot:y, t|e
µ:ec|oasgeao||aaaoao1e:stao1|og||es|a:|e1.
W|||e c|v|||zat|oo ex|aasts |tse|| |o |:a|t|ess e|·
|o:ts |o: µeace, |t |s t:ag|c t|at t|e ooe s|aµ|e,
µ:oveo,ao1e||ect|ve|o:aa|a|sµe:a|tte1 to ||e
ao|ee1e1 |ot|e1asty,aota:oe1µageso|Aae:|·
c+o||stoty.
¡ o: aaoy yea:s, oa: gove:oaeot, ao1 ot|e:
Aae:|cao |ost|tat|oos, |ave |eeo as|og oa: owo
Page 202
aooey to |:aiowas| as ao1 oa: c|i|1:eo o| a||
µat:iotisa, a|| |oveo| coaot:y, a|| |oya|tyto oa:
aoc|eoti1ea|sao1t:a1it|oos,|oo:1e:to|o1oct:i-
oateasw|t| t|e i1ea|s o|iote:oatiooa||sa - to
µ:eµa:e as |o: wo:|1 citizeos|iµ.
kesa|ts a:e aµµa:eot.
W|eo I was a |oy, Aae:icao sc|oo| c|i|1:eo
we:e so steeµe1 io t|e |egeo1s ao1 t:a1|tioos o|
Aae:|ca t|at t|ey t|:|||e1 to |ee| t|ease|ves a
µa:t o| t|e|: g|o:ioas |e:itage. Paa| keve:e,
|oo||ogac:oss t|eC|a:|esk|ve: |o: s|goa| ||g|ts
io t|e c|a:c| towe: , a aa1·sµatte:e1 coa:ie: oo
awio1e1Vi:gio|a:aciog·aa:e1as||og:ec||ess|y
|o:t|e o|1 state |oase io P|i|a1e|µ||a, to |:iog
oewso| ßeoe1|ct A:oo|1 s aa:c| ookic|aoo1,
t|e oo||e, µoc|·aa:|e1 |ace o| Was||ogtoo,
ste:o wit| ||g| µa:µose as |e g|ves a s|aµ|e
o:1e:. Post none but Americans on guard tonight.
I ta|| to Aae:|cao c|||1:eo to1ay w|o |ave
oeve:|ea:1t|e|||ast:|oasoaaeso|t|eAae:|cao
kevo|at|oooaaes w||c|, |o: ao:e t|ao a ceo
ta:y, we:e c|ose: ao1 ao:e :ea| to ao Aae:|cao
sc|oo| c||| 1 t|ao oaaes |o t|e 1a||y µaµe:.
Aae:|caos o| µ:ev|oas geoe:at|oos |oew t|at
Aae:|ca was a a|:ac|e t|at Go1 |a1 w:oag|t .
t|ey coa|1 µ:ove it.
Io i ¯¯:, Aae:|ca was a sµ:aw||og co|oo|a|
µossessioo,a |ao1o||a:asao1 saa||towosscat-
te:e1 a|oog t|e easte:o sea|oa:1, µoµa|ate1 |y
|ewe:t|ao||vea||||ooµeoµ|e.Yet,att|ec:|t|ca|
aoaeot, t||s :a:a| soc|ety seot to P|||a1e|µ||+
t|e|a:gestassea||ageo|w|seao1 |ea:oe1states-
aeoeve:tocoog:egate|oooe:ooa, |ot|eeot|:e
||sto:yo|t|e|aaao :ace. W|o coa|1 |ave 1ooe
t||s w|t|oat Go1 :
W|o, wit|oat :e|e:eoce to Go1, cao exµ|a|o
t|at ao|qae c|aµte: |o Aae:|cao ||sto:y 1ea||og
w|t|a|:aca|oaseveots|ot|e||veso|jo|oA1aa�
ao1 T|oaas jeûe:soo:
)o|o A1aas, secoo1 P:esi1eot o| t|e Lo|te1
:tates, ao1 T|oaas jeûe:soo, t||:1 P:es|1eot,
we:e eoea|es 1a:|og aac| o| t|e|: |oog ||ves.
ßot| w:oag|t aaoy ao1 g:eat wo:|s |o t|ei:
tlae, |at t|e g:e+test, io: |ot|, was t|e|: j o|ot
wo:| at Io1eµeo1eoce Ha||, P|||a1e|µ||a, l ¯¯´,
w|eot|et||:teeoAae:icaoco|ooiesaoaoiaoas|y
a1oote1 t|e Dec|a:at|oo o| Io1eµeo1eoce |:oa
£og|ao1.
)eûe:soo w:ote t|e aagoiûceot Dec|a:atioo,
ao1 t|e aago|ûceoce o| A1aas |e|µe1 assa:e
its a1oµtioo T|e a1oµt|oo o| t|e Dec|a:at|oo
aa:|e1 t|e ||:t| o| t|e g:eatest oat|oo io t|e
aooa|s o| aao|io1.
T|e:e we:e |ea:|a| ao1 wave:iogaeoat t|at
Coog:ess |o P|||a1e|µ||aaaoog t|ea, jo|o
Haococ|,µ:es|1|ogomce:.T|eDec|a:at|ooo|Io-
1eµeo1eoce was |e|o:e t|e Coog:ess |o: a vote,
|at)o|o Haococ|a:ge1caat|oo,µo|ot|ogoatt|e
|eoeûts to Aae:|caos o| |e|og sa|j ects o| £og·
|ao1. Tiai1aeowaote11e|ay ao1 |a:t|e:oego·
t|at|oos. ßatjo|o A1aas, ste:o New £og|ao1e:,
stoo1 |e|o:e t|ea, t|ao1e:|og
"Sink or swim, live or die, survive or perish,
I give my hand and my heart to this vote. It is
true, indeed, that in the beginning we aimed not
at independence. But there's a Divinity which
shapes our ends. The injustice of England has
driven us to arms; and, blinded to her own
interest for our good, she has obstinately per­
sisted, till independence is now within our grasp.
We have but to reach forth to it, and it is ours.
"Why, then, should we defer the Declaration?
Is any man so weak as now to hope for a recon­
ciliation with England? . . .
"You and I, indeed, may rue it. We may not
live to the time when this Declaration shall be
made good. We may die; die Colonists; die slaves;
die, it may be, ignominiously and on the scaffold.
"Be it so, be it so.
"If it be the pleasure of Heaven that my
country shall require the poor offering of
.
my
life, the victim shall be ready . . . . But whIle I
do live, let me have a country, or - at least the
hope of a country, and that a free country.
"But whatever may be our fate, be assured . . .
that this Declaration will stand. It may cost
treasure, and it may cost blood; but it will stand,
and it will richly compensate for both.
"Through the thick gloom of the present,
.
I
see the brightness of the future, as the sun In
heaven. We shall make this a glorious, an im­
mortal day. When we are in our graves, our
children will honor it. They will celebrate it
Page 203
with
.
than�sgi

ing, wit� festivity, with bonfires,
and IllummatIOns. On Its annual return they will

he� tears, copious, gushing tears, not of sub·
JectIOn and slavery, not of agony and distress,
but of exultation, of gratitude and of joy.
"Sir, before God, I believe the hour is come.
My judgment approves this measure, and my
whole heart is in it. All that I have, and all that
I am, and all that I hope, in this life, I am now
ready here to stake upon it; and I leave off as
I began, that live or die, survive or perish, I
am for the Declaration. It is my living sentiment,
and
.
by the blessing of God it shall be my dying
sentIment, Independence now, and Independence
forever."
kej ectiog caat|oo, t|e Coog:ess vote1 aoaoi·
aoas|yw|t|)o|oA1aasao1a1oµte1 t|eDec|a·
:at|oo oiIo1eµeo1eoce.
)o|o A1aas 1|e1 oo Io1eµeo1eoce Day, )a|v
!, l º::, t|e ait|et| aoo|ve:sa:y oi t|e s|goiog
oi t|e Dec|a:at|oo oi Io1eµeo1eoce.
Io t|ei: tw|||g|t yea:s, |e ao1 )eûe:soo |a1
|ecoaewa:ai:|eo1s,|yco::esµoo1eoce. A1aas
|o massac|asetts, )eûe:soo |o V|:g|o|a.
As |e |ay 1y|og oo t|e ait|et| aoo|ve:sa:y oi
|isg:eatestaccoaµ||s|aeot,A1aas,iee||ogsat|s·
iact|ooio|aviogioag|tt|egoo1ag|t,exµ:esse1,
io ||s |ast wo:1s, soae exa|taocy t|at t|e o|1
o:1e:|a1ooteot|:e|yµasse1away.W|t|t|e|ast
|:eat| oi|iie, )o|o A1aas sai 1.
"Thomas Jefferson still lives."
ßat t|e:e |s, as A1aas ||ase|i |a1 sa.1, a
1iv|o|ty t|at s|aµes oa: eo1s.
T|oaas)eûe:sooao1)o|oA1aas1|e1oot|e
saae 1ay)a|y !, l º::.
J|eµ:oa|seoiAae:ica|so|v|oastoaoyooe
w|o|oows|e:ea:|y||sto:y. |oowseooag|a|oat
t|e Ioao1iog Iat|e:s to ao1e:stao1 t|e|: |ives
ao1 t|ei: |1ea|s.
ßat t|e teea|og ai||ioos i:oa £a:oµe w|o
g|atte1 oa: easte:o µo:ts oi eot:y ao1 µas|e1
ac:oss t|e coot|oeot to t|e Pac|ac io t|e o|oe·
teeot| ceota:·t|e·, io: t|e aost µa:t, we:e
igoo:aotoit|e1etai|soiAae:icao|isto:yW|at
wast|eµ:oaiseoiAae:|catot|ea: A µ:oaise
oiie:ti|e |ao1, c|eaµ ao1 a|ao1aot : A µ:oaise
oig:eat1eµos|tsoioata:a| :esoa:ces : A µ:oa|se
oigoo1 c||aate:
T|e:e |ave a|ways |eeo ot|e: µ|aces w|i|
g:eate:oata:a|:esoa:ces,w|t|c||aate asgoo1o:
|ette

, ao1 w|

t| |ao1 ao:e ie:t||e ao1 µ|eot| ia|
t|ao:ot|eLo.te1:tatesoiAae:|caao1 |o1ee1
1
,
:|e:e

e:e µ|aces j ast as access|||e to £atoµeaos
-Ainca, :oat| Aae:|ca, Aast:a||a, As|a, w||c|
st|| | |ave vast, vacaot |ao1s ao1 ao1eve|oµe1
oata:a| :esoa:ces.
T|

seAae:|caoµiooee:s w|o µas|e1 t|:oag|
gaµs :o t|e aoaotaios, 1:|v|og westwa:1, wit|
||ae v|stas oi|oµe ao1 a1veota:e |o t|e|: eyes .
we:et|ey|oqaestoisoc|a|seca:|tyo:soae|io1
oi gove:oaeot·gaa:aotee1 ex|steoce : We:e t|ey
yea:o|og io: t|e iat ao1 easy ||ie : We:e t|ey
|oao1 io:t|e|ao1 oit|ecoaaooaao: mostoi
t|eawe:ecoaaooaeo|ot|egeoe:a|eva|aat|oo
oit|ewo:|1.mostoit|eawe:eµoo:ao1woa|1
|avewe|coae1 a|ao1aoceT|eya||we:e|aaao
ao1woa|1|ave|eeog|a1to|esµa:e1|a:1s|iµ
ao1a:1aoas|a|o:.
ßat t|ese we:e oot t|e t||ogs t|ey soag|t io
t|eoewwo:|1 T|eyexµecte1, ao1t|eyeocoao-
te:e1, ao:e |a:1s||µ ao1 |a:s| toi| io t|e :aw
Aae:|cao w||1e:oess t|ao t|ey |a1 |eit |e||o1
|o£a:oµe.
T|eywe:e|oo||ogio:aµ|acew|e:eacoaaoo
aao coa|1, Go1 wi|||og, |ecoae aocoaaoo÷
w|e:e a aao coa|1 |ecoae w|ateve: ||s v|s|oo,
||s ia|t|, ||s eoe:gy, ||s |ote||ect, ao1 ||s aao-
|oo1 coa|ioe1 to aa|e |ia, wit|oat a gove:o·
aeot to |a:ass ||a ao1 |o|1 ||a 1owo to a
coaaoo |eve|, io: |eoeût oi t|e ¨geoe:al we|-
ia:e. ¨
Ios|o:t,t|eµ:oaiseoi Aae:icawas i:ee1oa.
To1ay, a w|o|e geoe:at|oo oi Aae:icaos |ave
|eeo e1acate1 to |e||eve t|at i:ee1oa aeaos
ease ao1 coaio:t.
I:ee1oa is oot i:ee Peoµ|e caoootas aost
Aae:|caos |oose|y c|a|a-io|e:|t i:ee1oa. We
caoioae:i: a desire for freedom; we can inherit
asoc|a|systea|a||toot|eµ:|oc|µ|esoii:ee1oa,
Page 204
|at i:ee1oa |tse|iaast|ewooaoew, |o to||ao1
st:|ie, |y eac| geoe:at|oo.
l:ee1oa|s oota soitwayoi ||ie, |at|t |st|e
oo|y oo||e way io: c:eata:es aa1e |o t|e |aage
oi Go1
W|eoaao| s|eiti:eetost:agg|e,|e1eve|oµs
st:eogt| ao1w|s1oa|yst:agg||og. W|eoio:ce1
|oto 1eµeo1eoce aµoogove:oaeot, |e|ecoaes a
dependent personality, ûa||y ao1 |::eso|ate, w|t|
oo w|||, coa:age, o: µe:sooa| coov|ct|oos. A i:ee
aao cao 1:eaa, ao1 w||| 1a:e to eote: w|at)o|
ca||e1 t|e wa:ia:e oi ||ie to caµta:e ||s 1:eaas
ao1 t:aosio:a t|ea |oto :ea||ty. A 1eµeo1eot
µe:sooa||ty|asoo1:eaaoicooqae:|ogaoyt||og,
|e|as, |ostea1,g:ee1 g:ee1togeta|||ecao io:
||ase|i, oot |y coost:act|ve eûo:t, |at |y coo·
t|oa|og 1eaao1s aµoo t|e µowe: w||c| aa1e
||a 1eµeo1eot.
T|e:ea:eaaoy |aza:1s |oa i:eesoc|ety. Coe
|aza:1 |s t|at t|e:e w||| a|ways |e µeoµ|e w|o
w||| ootaaoaget|e|:owoaûa|:s aswe||as t|ey
s|oa|1, o: as we|| as soaeooe e|se t||o|s t|ey
s|oa|1 ßat w|eoyoa sta:tµass|og |aws to io:ce
µeoµ|e to 1o a|| t|e t||ogs t|at soaeooe e|se
t||o|sgoo1 io: t|ea, yoa a:e |ea1e1 io:a s|ave
soc|ety.
J |e Aae:|cao loao1|oglat|e:swe:e|oowo
as|||e:a|s|ecaaset|ey|e||eve1|oi:ee1oa.T|ey
we:e t:ae |||e:a|s, |o t|e c|ass|c seose. T|ey
:evo|te1 aga|ost t|e aatoc:at|c ase oi µo||t|ca|
µowe:. Ao |aae1|ate :easoo io: t|e :evo|t

was
taxes ßat K|og Geo:ge s taxes oo t|e.aenc
.
ao
co|oo|sts we:e |os|go|icaot |o coaµansoo w.t|
w|at we a:e io:ce1 to µay to1ay mo:eove:, a
g:eat 1ea| oiaooey w||c|gove:oaeot ta|es oat
oiyoa:µayc|ec|to1ay|sase1 io:µa:µosesao:e
1est:act|ve oi |o1|v|1aa| i:ee1oa t|ao t|e µa:-
µosesw||c|K|ogGeo:geIIIwast:y|ogtoaoaoce
w|t| t|e Aae:|cao :taaµ Acts.
T|eg:eat|||e:a|µat:|otsoit|eAae:|caokevo-
|at|oo 1|1 oot really :evo|t aga|ost µayaeot oi
taxes. T|ey :evo|te1 aga|ost t|e idea of govern­
ment |e||o1t|etaxes t|atgove:oaeot |a1 ao-
||a|te1 µowe: to 1o w|at gove:oaeot t|oag|t
µ:oµe:.
T|e ea:|y Aae:|cao µat:|ots |a1 a 1eeµ sas-
µ|c|oooia||gove:oaeots|oc|a1|ogt|eooet|ey
c:eate1 T|ey |oew t|at t|e wo:st t|:eat to a
aaos||ie,|||e:ty,ao1µ:oµe:ty|st|egove:oaeot
ao1e:w||c| |e||ves.T|ey|oew t|ata||gove:o·
aeots w|||, | iµe:a|tte1, waste t|e |a|o:s oi t|e
µeoµ|eao1a|t|aate|yeos|avet|eµeoµ|e a|ways
ao1e: t|e µ:eteose oi ta||og ca:e oi t|e µeoµ|e.
T|at |s w|y t|ey we:e :eso|ve1 to ||o1 t|e
Aae:|caogove:oaeot 1owow|t|t|ec|a|osoia
Coost|tat|oo ||a|t|og gove:oaeots µowe:s to
µe:io:a|og ca:eia||y sµec|ie1 :esµoos|||||t|es.
T|at |s w|y t|ey set aµ ao e|a|o:ate systea oi
c|ec|s ao1 |a|aoces to |eeµ any |:aoc| oi t|e
ie1e:a| gove:oaeot i:oa acqa|:|og saµ:eae
µowe:.
Ai:a|1 oi cooceot:at|oos oi µo||t|ca| µowe: |o
t|e ceot:a| gove:oaeot, t|e ea:|y µat:|ots w:ote
t|eteot|a:t|c|eoit|eAae:|caoß|||oik|g|ts
t|e Teot| Aaeo1aeot to t|e Coost|tat|oo :e-
se:v|ogtot|e|o1|v|1aa|states t|e :ea||y1aoge:-
oasgove:oaeota|µowe:sove:t|e||vesoic|t|zeos
T|e µo||t|ca| µ|||osoµ|y |oowo as |||e:a||sa
to1ay|st|e:eve:seoit|ec|ass|c|||e:a||sa

||c|
ioao1e1t||sg:eatoat|ooTo1ay,aostAaencaos
w|o ca|| t|ease|ves |||e:a|s, ao1 w|o acc|a|a
T|oaas)eûe:soot|e|:|1o|,|ave|ostia|t||ot|e
ea:|y Aae:|cao |1ea| oi |||e:ty ao1e: Go1 io:
eve:y|o1|v|1aa|,ao1|o1eµeo1eocei:oaa||ot|e:
oat|oosio:t||skeµa|||c.
Ive:y I:es|1eot oi t|eLo|te1 :tates ta|es ao
oat|o|oace, oot|eHo|· ß|||e, w||c|:ea1s .
"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will
faithfully execute the Office of President o�

he
United States, and will to the best of

y A
.
blhty,
preserve, protect and defend the ConStItutIOn of
the United States."
Twot||ogs|ot||soat|a:eµa:t|ca|a:|y s|go|i·
caot .
( i j Its coaµ|etewo:1|ogwasset1

w

|oA:-
t|c|e2, :ect|ooi , C|aaseº,oit|eCoost:tat:�oao1
not |eittot|e1|sc:et|oooit|ee|ecte1µa|||cse:v-
aotw|ota|es t|eoat|,
( . ) Notooewo:1,|1ea,o:|oie:eoce |oitsag-
gests aoy :esµoos|||||ty io:, o: excese to ¬e11|e
|o t|eaûa|:s oit|ewotl1.
,
Page 205
T|e laogaage is clea:, t|e stateaeot is |:iei,
t|eµ:oaiseissoleao t|ej o|oit|eP:esi1eotoi
t|eLo|te1 :tates |stoo:ese:ve, µ:otect, ao1 1e-
ieo1 t|eCoostitatioooit|eLoite1:tates.
T|eg:eatclassicli|e:alsw|o ioao1e1 t||soa-
t|oo :ega:1e1 µat:iotisa love oi ooes own
coaot:y as aaoogt|eoo|lestoi |aaao seoti·
aeots , ao1 t|ey aa1e |t qa|te µlaio t|at t|e :e-
sµoosi||l|ty oí t|e Aae:|cao gove:oaeot was to
t|e Aae:|cao µeoµle. T|eP:eaa|le oi t|e Coo·
stitatioo says t|at t|is g:eat 1ocaaeot was o:·
1a|oe1 ao1 esta|lis|e1 to seca:e t|e ||ess|ogs oi
L||e:ty to ourselves ao1 our Poste:|ty.
mo1e:ol ||e:alsa:ecooteaµtaoasoiµat:iot|sa
(w||c|t|eycalloat|ooal|saj, t|eyt||o| |t|ot|
|o1eceot ao1 |aµoss||le io: Aae:|caos to aa|o·
ta|ot|e|:oat|ooalio1eµeo1eoceas ai:eekeµa|·
l|c, ao1t|ey|avecoaµletelylostiait|ioaceot:al
i1ea oi t|e Aae:|cao kevolat|oo, oaaely, t|at
i:eeaeo, ao1e: Go1, cao aaoage t|e|: owo ai·
iai:s.
mo1e:o l||e:als a:e oot sasµicioas oi gove:o·
aeot t|eywo:s|iµgove:oaeotas|iitwe:eGo1.
T|eywaottosetgove:oaeotaµasa||o1oi|ig·
|:ot|e: 1e|ty to loo| aite: as ao1 :ao oa: l|ves
io:as.
mo1e:ol||e:alisa:estsoot|eassaaµt|oot|at
µol|tica| µowe:aa|esaeow|se. mo1e:o l||e:als
µ:esaaet|atyoa,asaoio1ivi1aal,|ileittoyoa:
owo 1ev|ces ao1 :esoa:ces, 1o oot |ave eooag|
1eceocy, a||lity, o: goo1 seose to e1acate yoa:
owoc||l1:eo,µ:ov|1eyoa:owo|oas|og,µ:eµa:e
io: yoa: owo iata:e, o: |elµ a oe|g||o: |o 1es·
µe:ateoee1.
T|e:eio:e, l||e:alswaot lawsw||c|w|llio:ce
yoato1oallt||ogs t|atl||e:als t||o|yoas|oal1
1o. T|eyta|e aooey away i:oayoa ao1 µat |t
|oa||gie1e:alµot,oot|eµ:esaaµt|oot|atµol|·
t|ciaos ao1 |a:eaac:ats w|ll aa|e |ette: ase oi
itt|aoyoawoal1.ßat:eaea|e:,µolit|c|aosao1
|a:eaac:ats a:e, t|easelves, |o1|vi1aa|s. As |o1|-
vi1aals, t|ey - acco:1iog to t|ei: owo li|e:al
µ||losoµ|y a:e |ocaµa|le oi aaoag|og t|e|:
owo aûa|:s. Coce veste1 w|t| µol|tical µowe:,
t|ey a:e, µ:esaaably, t:aosñga:ec aoc t:aos·
io:ae1 aatoaat|cally |oj ecte1 w|t| eooag|
a|il|tyao1w|s1oatoaaoaget|eaûai:soieve:y-
ooe.
As µ||losoµ||es oi gove:oaeot, ao1e:o l||·
e:al|sa, coaaao|sa ao1 iasc|sa a:e esseot|ally
t|e saae. £ac| |el|eves t|at gove: