NANOROBOTICS The technology for ultimate biomedical Applications

S.Srikanth, D-186, SPIC Nagar, Tuticorin-628005 9894163031 N.Prakash, 22, North Balabhakya Nagar, Thirunelveli, 9500802607

2nd Year EIE, National Engineering College, Kovilpatti, Tuticorin Dt.
ABSTRACT: Nanotechnology can enable build the bridges for the human future through the use of microscopic robots comprised of nanocomponents. Nanorobotics represents the next stage in miniaturization from micro machines. This paper presents certain distinct aspects that are used to achieve a successful nanorobotic system and their three dimensional visualization in real time. The nanorobots or nanorobots, is expected to revolutionize the medical industry, with the ability to treat at a cellular level and make medical applications easy and effective. These nanorobots are planned to use inside the human body, in the medical fields. These nanorobots can be used to cure many diseases with negligible harm to the body. These nano robots are very sensitive to the acoustic signals. Therefore these nano robots can be programmed using the sound waves, to perform the specified task. To do all these things inside the body, the nanorobots can get the energy from the body itself. (In the form of heat produced inside the body or glucose or sugars which are present in the body itself). These nanorobots identify the particular harmful cells and try to quarantine it. If not possible to quarantine, it may destroy the harmful cell itself.

Here in this presentation we explain the way of curing diseases like cancer or to destroy the harmful cells in the body. And also how the scientists are going to manufacture these special kinds of nanorobots? Basic nanomachines are already in use. Nanobots will be the next generation of nanomachines. Advanced nanobots will be able to sense and adapt to environmental stimuli such as heat, light, sounds, surface textures, and chemicals; perform complex calculations; move, communicate, and work together;

Also. they wiggle. and a molecule’s size is a few nanometers. Medical nanotechnology is often expected to utilize nanorobots injected into the patient to perform their treatment on a cellular level. all of the information for the organization of a complex creature such as humans can be stored. Nanotechnology spans and merges disciplines dealing with matter at the micro level (physics. but they are very active. nausea. nm = 10-10 m). This thought lead to the launching of nanorobotics. dispelling the disease at the source. Nanorobots are poised to bring the next revolution in technology and medicine. other than rapid betterment of their health. A few generations from now someone diagnosed with cancer might be offered a new Alternative to chemotherapy (the traditional treatment of radiation that kills not just Cancer cells but healthy human cells as well.and molecularsized objects. and they do all kinds of marvelous things . replacing the cumbersome and toxic Industrial Age and opening humankind up to incredible possibilities. chemistry. medical nanorobots may be manufactured in carefully controlled nanofactories in which nanoscale machines are solidly integrated into a desktop-scale machine that builds macroscopic products. and. Depression and a host of other symptoms). Thought of Nano-robotics: Nanorobotics deals with the controlled manipulation of objects with nanometerscale dimensions.1 Many of the cells are very tiny. . leaving healthy cells untouched. they walk around. and biology) with those dealing with matter at the macro level (engineering. A person undergoing a nanorobotic treatment could expect to have no awareness of the molecular devices working inside them. As an atom has a diameter of a few Angstroms (1 Å = 0. they store information. Nanotechnology is the science and application of creating objects on a level smaller than 100 nanometers. Nanorobotics is concerned with interactions with atomic. A doctor practicing nanomedicine would offer the patient an injection of a special Type of nanorobot that would seek out cancer cells and destroy them. repair or even replicate themselves.conduct molecular assembly. they manufacture various substances.because in the tiniest cell. materials science and computer science). to some extent. fatigue. causing hair loss. Instead. and is sometimes called molecular robotics.all on a very small scale. The fact that enormous amounts of information can be carried in an exceedingly small space .

In such case the nanorobot is designed to be able to interact with the 3D human body environment. Basically. . finding defects or delivering drugs. a most suitable approach is the tele-operation of nanorobots as valuable tools for biomedical engineering problems. digging for information. Hence.Nanorobotic Technology : Nanorobotics. Computational nanoborotics approaches are being explored successfully in nanoscience and nanotechnology research. sensors and actuators. we may observe two distinct kind of nanorobot utilization. Sensors may be wireless ultra fast. The nanorobots require specific controls. but also presages a more interactive technology that will enable easy nanofabrication and/or repair of nanostructures. basically in accordance with each kind of biomedical application. where the requirements for such systems have been clearly established. super sensitive. The depicted blue cone shows the sensors “touching” an area that triggers the nanorobots’ behaviors. Virtualenvironment interface to Scanning Probe Microscopes (SPMs) have been provided. For cases such as monitoring the human body. electronic or photonic based detection Nanorobot 3D design. to provide researchers with an intuitive way to interact with materials and devices at the nanoscale. the nanorobots are expected to follow a defined set of specified activation rules for triggers of designed behaviors. in order to fulfil programmed tasks. One is nanorobots for the surgery intervention. The introduction of direct human-SPM interaction creates not only enhanced measurement capability. giving a virtual telepresence on the surface but downscaled by a factor of about a million to one. and the other is nanorobot to monitor patients’ body. for example surgery experts guiding a minimally invasive medical procedure. For the first case. and noninvasive and may use chemical. Nanoscale object manipulation systems have been applied with the use of computer graphics for tele-operation. an emerging field in medicine which states that nanorobots travel inside our bodies.

Nanorobots can alter DNA to nanorobotics Reduce the number of hereditary diseases and defects in a person. Red blood cells are responsible to carry oxygen and hemoglobin through the . These smaller robots are able to repair and monitor intracellular structures like DNA. The scanning tunneling microscope has allowed scientists to devise intelligent artificial antibodies. The Nanorobot Control Design (NCD) can be a big plus for robots experts and control engineers regarding good choices on the better way to apply and operate nanorobots. Nanorobots might be used as well to seek and break kidney stones. doctors could create robots called nanites that travel through the human bloodstream. energy consumption. The target plaque represented by the pink sphere is located left at the wall. Blood vessel inside view. They are medical surgeons that find damaged cells and repair them. cells and nanorobots. Developing nanoscale robots presents difficult fabrication and control challenges. firing 'medicine torpedoes' at diseased cells. monitoring nutrient concentrations into the human body is a possible application of nanorobots in medicine. One interesting nanorobot utilization is also to assist inflammatory cells (or white cells) in leaving blood vessels to repair injured tissues. The nanorobots swim near the wall region searching for the lesion.Sensing obstacles View of simulator workspace showing the vessel wall with a grid texture. Nanorobot obstacle avoidance Nano-robots Inside Our Bodies: Among biomedical problems. and control automation. Using nanorobotics. considering nanorobots collective work coordination. red and white blood cells and antiviral medication Applying a simulator help us for a better insight on many reactions. while leaving healthy cells intact.

and phagocytosis is an active transport method that uses small membrane bound vesicles to transfer materials over the cellular membrane. . and more importantly. more successful.5 nanometers across. Heart attacks are caused due to the blockage of the coronary arteries. An example is a sensor having a switch approximately 1. This technology will enable robots to travel in the blood stream to clear the blockage . This technology will help common old age conditions. Experts believe possible dangers of nanotechnology lie in how these tiny particles might interact with the environment. they mimic a typical lysosome in a cell.The usage of nanorobots minimized the risk and the cost of the surgery. Another potential application is the detection of toxic chemicals. where they could be used to identify pathogens and toxins from samples of body fluid and destroy them. and the measurement of their concentrations. Scientifically. RISKS. The integration of manufacturing concepts with medicine A nanorobot delivers a molicule to the organ inlet (Represented by the molicule) Present Research: Nano-robotics is largely in the researchand-development phase. Nanorobotics will significantly improve medical applications by making them easier. Cancer devastates the lives of many individuals every year Nicknamed “Smart Bombs”. like vaccines and antidotes for illnesses. these artificial robots will function more efficiently than their counterparts. DANGER DISADVANTAGES: & Nanotechnology is a branch of science that deals with particles 1-100 nanometers in size.blood stream. and use phagocytes to destroy the malignant cells. and provide faster treatments for the ill. Antiviral robots can act as vaccines in a human body that contain antidotes for all viruses will give society the opportunity to create a stronger environment. capable of counting specific molecules in a chemical sample. the normal cells. The first useful applications of nanorobotics will likely be in medical technology. including spinal and back problems. less expensive and most importantly. The ill patients will be cured and the lives of the seniors will be renewed with the use of Nanorobots. with the human body. They are intelligent robots that store enormous amounts of information. in the environment. but some primitive devices have been tested. A lysosome is an organelle that is involved in the digestion of the cell.

. who are going to invent the nanorobots. when this investment is compared to the comparatively scant research into nanotech health issues. The fish also exhibited changed gene markers in their livers. and as far back as 1997 scientists at Oxford discovered nanoparticles used in sunscreen created free radicals that damaged DNA. In March 2004 tests conducted by environmental toxicologist Eva OberdÃrster . With the emerging era of molecular engineering. The control design and the development of complex nanosystems with high performance can be well used to help pave the way for future use of nanorobots in biomedical engineering problems. To invent this kind of special featured nanorobots in the safe kind which will be in the non hazardous to the living kind. and evaluation of new approaches of the nanoworlds and nanorobotics behaviour. sensors and motors are expected to enable microscopic robots with dimensions comparable to bacteria. graphite's properties are well known and it holds specific position in toxicology guidelines. Ph. it will be useful for man to cure many diseases & to lead a fantastic life. an important link in the marine food chain. In 2004 British scientist Vyvyan Howard published initial findings that indicated gold nanoparticles might move through a mother's placenta to the fetus. indicating their entire physiology was affected. . As an example. can cause cadmium poisoning in humans. Conclusion: The ongoing developments of molecular-scale electronics. with Southern Methodist University in Texas found extensive brain damage to fish exposed to fullerenes for a period of just 48 hours at a relatively moderate dose of 0. Other nanoparticles have also been shown to have adverse effects. the fullerenes killed water fleas. Research from University of California in San Diego in early 2002 revealed cadmium selenide nanoparticles.5 parts per million (commiserate with levels of other kinds of pollution found in bays). Experts say the issue is that elements encountered at the nanoscale behave differently than their larger counterparts. Nobel winning physicist Richard Smalley of Rice University discovered carbon nanotubes and fullerenes (buckyballs) .nanoparticles of carbon which are legally categorized as graphite. also called quantum dots.D. However. From these types of inventions. But in these technologies there is a possible danger also. are expected to have a great impact for an effective development on nanorobotics. yet they behave in ways unlike graphite making the classification a potentially dangerous one. some scientists become concerned.Billions of dollars are being spent to incorporate nanoparticles into products that are already being marketed to the public. In a concurrent test. the development of methodologies that enable investigation to make easier automation. finally we wish all the scientists.

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