Safety climate, safety management practice and safety performance in offshore environments

Purchase $ 39.95 Kathryn Mearns

, Sean M. Whitaker and Rhona Flin

Industrial Psychology Group, Department of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland AB24 2UB, UK Available online 17 April 2002.

Safety climate surveys were conducted on 13 offshore oil and gas installations in separate years (N=682 and 806, respectively), with nine installations common to both years. In addition, data on safety management practices were collected by questionnaire from senior management on eight installations in each year. The associations between management practices and climate scores with official accident statistics and self-reported accident involvement were tested via a series of hypotheses. Associations were found between certain safety climate scales and official accident statistics and also the proportion of respondents reporting an accident in the previous 12 months. Proficiency in some safety management practices was associated with lower official accident rates and fewer respondents reporting accidents. Author Keywords: Offshore industry; Safety climate; Health & Safety management; Safety performance

Article Outline
1. Introduction 2. Objectives of the current study 3. Method 3.1. Safety climate survey 3.1.1. Satisfaction with safety activities 3.1.2. Involvement in health and safety 3.1.3. Communication about health and safety 3.1.4. Perceived supervisor competence 3.1.5. Perceived management commitment to safety 3.1.6. Frequency of general unsafe behaviour 3.1.7. Frequency of unsafe behaviour under incentives 3.2. Safety Management Questionnaire (SMQ) 3.3. Participants and background 4. Results 4.1. Offshore Safety Questionnaire (OSQ)

4. Organizing for health and safety C. Workforce involvement E.2. Safety management practices and safety performance 5.3.3. Specific management practices Acknowledgements Appendix A.2. Management commitment D. Hypothesis 0 Health promotion and surveillance F. Hypothesis 1 4. Items in the Offshore Safety Questionnaire in each year Unmatched scales Appendix B.4. Workforce involvement E. Discussion and summary 5. Health and safety auditing G. Specific management practices and safety performance 5.2. Hypothesis 4 4. Safety climate scores and safety performance 5.3. Operator contractor interfacing Appendix D. Summary of hypotheses and their support 4.6.1. Health and safety policies B. Issues addressed in the SMQ in year two A.1. Safety management questionnaires 4.2. Health and safety auditing Appendix C.2. Health promotion and surveillance F. Organizing for health and safety C. Health and safety policies B. Hypothesis 2 4.4. Issues addressed in the SMQ in year one A. Management commitment E. Definitions of accident categories References .2. Hypothesis 3 4. Hypothesis 5 4.2.

and indirectly. this oncedominant sector today occupies a more equal but still vital position in a better-balanced economy.S. CPI. traveled to the United States for an intensive four-month program of study in HSE "best practices" and technology conducted by Chevron and Texaco experts. Introduction: Purpose & Partnership The Indonesian National Oil Company. As a result. outlines subjects covered and explains the methodology used to ensure the effective transfer of HSE knowledge and technology.. This paper describes the development and realization of The PERTAMINA/CPI Health. Chevron Overseas Petroleum. PERTAMINA and the Government of Indonesia have long recognized the danger to their fragile rain forest environment posed by the rapid . four groups. Source SPE Health. Chevron Corp. Peargin. The paper also offers an evaluation of the sessions and presents the plans developed by participant-teams for follow up on their return to Indonesia. PT Caltex Pacific Indonesia.. 9-12 June 1996. Hunley. R. The four companies have demonstrated the effectiveness of a partnership approach in developing and carrying out HSE training. Safety and Environment Training Program. Because of the success of Indonesia's long-term development and diversification program. During 1994 and 1995. the Indonesian Environmental Impact Management Agency (BAPEDAL). Wahjosoedibjo. to the entire Indonesian oil and gas industry and government ministries..TitleA Partnership in Upstream HSE Technology Transfer AuthorsOlszewski. Louisiana Copyright Copyright 1996.C. New Orleans. and Chevron and Texaco worldwide subsidiaries. Society of Petroleum Engineers. J. Safety. and Environment (HSE) professionals. the Directorate of Oil and Gas (MIGAS). health and safety training program was developed to transfer HSE knowledge and technology to PERTAMINA. LanguageEnglish Preview Abstract The oil and gas industry was for nearly two decades the dominant force in the Indonesian economy and the single largest contributor to the nation's development. M. Texaco Inc. PT Caltex Pacific Indonesia..E. In 1992. Inc. each consisting of about twenty representatives from PERTAMINA. The Indonesian government understands the danger to the environment posed by rapid industrial expansion and has enacted laws and regulations to ensure the sustainable development of its resources while protecting its rain forest environment. A. a C&T affiliate. Indonesia today has a corps of about seventy highly-trained HSE experts working in the private and state-owned oil and gas industry. and in critically important government agencies and ministries. The upstream environment. the government oil company approached Chevron and Texaco for assistance in training its Health.. Safety and Environment in Oil and Gas Exploration and Production Conference.

Arscott. then Senior Vice President Director. with a request for a training program in HSE to follow through on the technology transfer efforts.S. Safety. As early as 1990. Mr. By 1992. P. Nayoan.00 Change Currency . Safety. and Environment (HSE) staff during the First International SPE Conference on Health. the Government of Indonesia has enacted numerous laws and regulations related to environment and safety since the early 1980s (Public Law #4 "Basic Provisions for Management of the Living Environment.industrial expansion during the last 23 years. with PERTAMINA approached Mr. and Environment to discuss the feasibility of training PERTAMINA personnel in HSE technology and best practices. To ensure the sustainable development of its resources and economy while protecting the environment. then with Chevron Research & Technology Company's (CRTC) Health. a jointlyowned affiliate of Chevron and Texaco (C&T).50 SPE NonMember Price: US $ 25. R. 113 Number of Pages9 File Size 742 KB Price SPE Member Price: US $ 7.A. June 1990)." March 1982) and established the Environmental Impact Management Agency (BAPEDAL) in 1990 (PL #23. PT Caltex Pacific Indonesia (CPI). the discussions had advanced to the stage where PERTAMINA felt comfortable approaching its Production Sharing Contractor. Exploration and Production. G. L.

Salah satu metode untuk mengetahui tingkat resiko dan memprediksi nilai resiko serta rencana program inspeksi yaitu dengan menggunakan American Petroleum Institute Publication 581 yang berisi metode RBI (Risk Based Inspection). Kemudian dilakukan analisa kualitatif RBI untuk menentukan tingkat resiko crude oil storage tank. diperoleh bahwa perencanaan program inspeksi dilakukan 3 tahun sekali dengan teknik visual test maksimal 5 tahun dan ultrasonic test maksimal 15 tahun. Subject : Keyword: risiko manajemen Risk management Crude oil storage tank Failure Mode Effect (FMEA) Risk Based Inspection (RBI) Program Inspeksi [ Description ] Crude oil storage tank di PT.ITS » Undergraduate Theses » Teknik Kes &Keselaman Kerja .Pertamina EP.76252 ft�/years.D4 Posted by ansi@its. Pertamina EP Region Jawa Area Cepu merupakan pusat penampungan produksi dari sumur-sumur minyak melalui stasiun pengumpul dan kemudian dikirim ke kilang minyak. Metode RBI merupakan metode untuk menggunakan resiko sebagai dasar untuk melakukan aktifitas inspeksi. Dari hasil Berdasarkan management system evaluation yang diperoleh dari hasil wawancara perlu adanya perbaikan sistem manajemen HSE dengan mengacu pada elemen-elemen yang ada pada Appendix D RBI API 581 serta untuk mencegah terjadinya kegagalan atau kecelakaan perlu dipasang sistem deteksi dan pengaman seluruh peralatan yang ada pada PT. Untuk nilai resiko kebakaran yang dimiliki crude oil storage tank sebesar 54. PERTAMINA EP REGION JAWA CEPU) Created by : HADI. ANDINI CORINA ( 6506040018 ) Subject: Alt. Sifat crude oil yang mudah terbakar dapat membahayakan lingkungan sekitar crude oil storage tank jika terjadi kebocoran yang menyebabkan kebakaran sehingga dapat merugikan bagi perusahaan maupun warga sekitar lokasi storage tank. Berdasarkan hasil analisa kualitatif dan kuantitatif RBI. Selanjutnya menentukan nilai resiko crude oil storage tank dengan metode kuantitatif at 20/05/2011 15:11:35 • 105 Views ANALISA RESIKO DAN PERENCANAAN INSPEKSI PADA CRUDE OIL STORAGE TANK DENGAN METODE RISK BASED INSPECTION (RBI) (STUDI KASUS PT. Pertamina EP Region Jawa Area Cepu mempunyai tingkat resiko Medium-High Risk dengan nilai consequence sebesar 34 dan likelihood sebesar 50. PERTAMINA EP REGION JAWA AREA CEPU) RISK ANALYSIS AND INSPECTION SCHEDULE ON CRUDE OIL STORAGE TANK WITH RISK BASED INSPECTION (RBI) METHOD (CASE STUDY ON PT. Dari analisa kualitatif dan kuantitatif ditentukan rencana program inspeksi sebagai salah satu usaha untuk meminimalkan resiko pada crude oil storage tank. . Sebelum mengaplikasikan ke dalam RBI dilakukan identifikasi awal dengan Failure Mode Effect Analysis (FMEA) untuk mengetahui nilai kegagalan yang paling besar dari sistem penampungan. crude oil storage tank PT.

155 Had a Source : Undergraduate Thesis. ST. Description Crude oil storage tank at PT. MT. Annas Singgih Setioko.76252 ft�/ years.. MT. Then performed a qualitative RBI analysis to determine the level of crude oil storage tank risk.155 Had a. RSPP 658. Projek Priyonggo S. One of method to determine the level of risk and predict risk value and plan inspection program by using the RBI (Risk Based Inspection) method of American Petroleum Institute. Contributor : 1. determine the risk value of crude oil storage tank with a RBI quantitative method. that the planning of the inspection program. For flammable risk value wich is having by crude oil storage tank about 54. Pertamina EP level is Medium-High Risk. From the qualitative and quantitative analysis determined plan inspection program as one attempts to minimize the risk on crude oil storage tank. the risk level of crude oil storage tank PT. ST.. Based on management system evaluation of interview needs correction management system of HSE be down on elements in Appendix D RBI 581. Date Create : 10/08/2010 Type : Text Format : pdf Language : Indonesian Identifier : ITS-Undergraduate-3100010040513 Collection ID : 3100010040513 Call Number : RSPP 658. Pertamina EP is the reception center of production from oil wells through a collection station and then sent to the refinery. to prevent failure or accident needs detection system and safeguard to all of equipment in PT. 2. conducted once in 3 years with maximum test of visual techniques is 5 years and maximum test ultrasonic is 15 years. From the analysis result. storage in a re . 2010 Coverage : ITS Community Rights : Copyright @2010 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and per obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction.. Before applying to the RBI. Based on the results of RBI qualitative and quantitative analysis with consequence value 34 and likelihood value 50. conducted early identification with the Failure Mode Effect Analysis (FMEA) to assess the value of the greatest failures of the shelter system.Pertamina EP. Occupational Safety and Health Engineering. The flammable characteristic of crude oil can damage the local environment if the crude oil storage tank leak causeda fire that can be detrimental for the company and residents around the location of storage tank.Alt.RBI method is method that using risk as based inspection activity.L. Next.

This meant that knowledge on occupational safety and health. rigid work procedure. Subject of the study consisted of 42 respondents out of 45 all drilling crew with inclusion criteria of duration of occupation 3 years minimum. pelaksanaan inspeksi K3 dan kecelakaan kerja di tempat kerja (in the job accident) crew drilling di PT Pertamina (Persero) unit bisnis eksplorasi produksi Jambi Yunizar Pembimbing: Hendarto Budiyono .003. Conclusion: Based on regression analysis. penggunaan alat pelindung diri (APD). The researcher noticed this condition while doing preliminary survey and the study (filling in questionnaires). however drilling crew still encounter in the job accident. utilization of self-protection equipment and the implementation of occupational safety and health inspection and in the job accident of drilling crew of production exploration business unit of PT. double determinant coefficient Rpibs2 was as much as 0. so that they act unsafely (they do not focus on their job and do not wear complete and standard selfprotection equipment) while drilling. use of self protection equipment and the implementation of .icio. All data were processed using SPSS version 2005 at significance level 0. electronic.007 partially.transmission in any form or by any means. write to ITS Library Share this information to : Google Bookmarks | Technorati | Del. Factors of unsafe condition include poor implementation of occupational safety and health inspection. Data of independent variables were obtained from questionnaire on knowledge on occupation comprising 20 | Digg Pengetahuan keselamatan dan kesehatan kerja (K3). SMI. MM. between use of self-protection equipment and in the job accident with r=0.409 and p=0.01 (very significant) and 0. mechanical. Result: There was negative very significant relationship between knowledge on occupational safety and health and in the job accident with r=-0. Causes of accidents among drilling crew may come from unsafe condition and unsafe human act.480.009.399 and p=0. and between the implementation of occupational safety and health and in the job accident with r=-0. Data of dependent variables were obtained from checklist of in the job accident. ABSTRACT: Background: Production Exploration Business Unit of PT. photocopying. Factors of unsafe human act include poor knowledge of drilling crew on occupational safety and health. Method: This was a correlative study with survey method and cross sectional design.05 (significant). Pertamina Jambi has implemented management of occupational safety and health and environmental conservation.445 and p=0. and slippery workplace during the rain. Objective: The study aimed to identify the relationship between knowledge on occupational safety and health. Pertamina Jambi 20042006. reco For information regarding permission(s). the utilization of self-protection equipment comprising 12 questions and the implementation of occupational safety and health inspection comprising 16 questions.

Keseluruhan teknik analisis yang di kemukakan di atas dilakukan dengan menggunakan Seri Program Statistik ( SPS ) versi – 2005 (Hadi. No Inventaris Kata kunci Deskripsi c.5245.1 (1388-H-2008) Alat pelindung diri. ills. dari 45 orang keseluruhan jumlah crew drilling. 2000. 158 p. penggunaan alat pelindung diri 12 butir pernyataan dan pelaksanaan inspeksi K3 16 pernyataan..175% (knowledge). secara parsial.. Berdasarkan persamaan regresi.92% dan pelaksanaan inspeksi K3 = 16. Taraf signifikansi uji hipotesis yang digunakan Hadi.05 (signifikan). namun angka kecelakaan kerja di tempat kerja masih juga dialami crew drilling.2001). sehingga berdampak pada prilaku crew drilling di mana saat mereka bekerja sambil berbicara.711% (implementation of occupational safety and health inspection).003. Kondisi di atas terlihat oleh peneliti saat peneliti melakukan survei awal dan saat melakukan penelitian. Effective contribution of each variable was 19.73 %. Penyebab kecelakaan kerja yang dialami oleh crew drilling berasal dari faktor kondisi kerja dan faktor manusianya (unsafe condition and unsafe human act). bibl. Tujuan Penelitian Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui apakah ada hubungannya antara pengetahuan K3.399 dengan p=0.occupational safety and health inspection gave effective contribution as much as 48% to the decline of accident rate in the workplace. Data untuk variabel dependen diambil melalui kuesioner. Pertamina (Persero) UBEP Jambi telah menerapkan Sistem Manajemen Keselamatan dan Kesehatan Kerja dan Lindungan Lingkungan. Penggunaan alat pelindung diri = 15. Keywords: occupational health.80 %.Inspeksi K3.445 dengan p= 0.409 dengan p= 0. di peroleh juga koefisien determinasi berganda Rpbis2 sebesar 0. penggunaan alat pelindung diri dengan kecelakaan kerja di tempat kerja dengan nilai koefisien korelasi (r) = -0.01 (sangat signifikan) dan 0. Faktor manusia disebabkan oleh pengetahuan K3 crew drilling yang masih rendah akibat tidak pernahnya mengikuti pelatihan K3 secara khusus dan umum. bergurau dan tidak memakai alat pelindung diri secara lengkap dan standar dan pelaksanaan inspeksi K3 yang dilakukan oleh bagian HSE tidak maksimal. penggunaan alat pelindung diri dan pelaksanaan inspeksi K3 memberikan sumbangan efektif sebesar 52. 29 cm . suhu. Populasi yang diambil pada penelitian berjumlah 42 orang responden.45 % terhadap penurunan kecelakaan kerja di tempat kerja. inspection INTISARI: Latar Belakang PT. dengan menggunakan kriteria inklusi yaitu masa kerja crew drilling minimal 3 tahun. yang berarti pengetahuan K3.007.APD. yang dijalankan dengan metode survei dengan menggunakan rancangan cross sectional. Pertamina (Persero) UBEP Jambi kurun waktu tahun 2004 sampai dengan tahun 2006. adalah 0.Keselamatn dan kesehatan kerja..Kecelakaan kerja xvi.091% (use of self-protection equipment) and 15. sedangkan checklist kecelakaan kerja di tempat kerja digunakan untuk mengetahui penyebab kecelakaan kerja di tempat kerja. self-protection equipment.009 dan pelaksanaan Inspeksi K3 dengan kecelakaan kerja di tempat kerja dengan nilai koefisien korelasi (r) = 0. Sumbangan efektif masing-masing variabel adalah: Pengetahuan K3 = 19. 13. Metode Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian Korelatip. penggunaan alat pelindung diri dan pelaksanaan inspeksi K3 terhadap kecelakaan kerja di tempat kerja crew drilling di PT. Data untuk variabel independen dikumpulkan melalui kuesioner pengetahuan kerja yang terdiri dari 20 pertanyaan. kebisingan. Faktor kondisi kerja antara lain disebabkan oleh lapangan kerja yang licin bila hari hujan. Hasil dan kesimpulan Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ada hubungan negatif yang sangat signifikan antara pengetahuan K3 dengan kecelakaan kerja di tempat kerja dengan nilai koefisien korelasi (r) = -0.

Lawrence F. CO 80307 Abstract Airborne studies of smoke from the Kuwait oil fires were carried out in the spring of 1991 when ∼4. 987-991 DOI: 10. University of Washington. Emissions of sulfur dioxide were ∼57% of that from electric utilities in the United States. o Abstract o Full Text (PDF) Observations of the plume generated by the December 2005 oil depot explosions and prolonged fire at Buncefield (Hertfordshire. Peter V. and (iv) the smoke had a short atmospheric residence time. Post Office Box 3000. 5059 pp. (ii) the smoke was not as black as expected. WA 98195 2.987 Airborne Studies of the Smoke from the Kuwait Oil Fires 1. (iii) the smoke was not carried high in the atmosphere. 2008 Perpustakaan Pusat UGM Tidak tersedia * Anda dapat mengecek ketersediaan versi cetak dari penelitian ini di Perpustakaan Pusat UGM Unit 3 Science 15 May 1992: Vol. Professor of atmospheric sciences and director of the Cloud and Aerosol Research Group. the smoke probably had insignificant global effects because (i) particle emissions were less than expected.6 million barrels of oil were burning per day. UK) and associated atmospheric changes Proc R Soc A 8 May 2007: 1153-1177. . emissions of carbon dioxide were ∼2% of global emissions.Bahasa Jenis Penerbit Lokasi File Indonesia Thesis [Yogyakarta] : Universitas Gadjah Mada.5059. emissions of soot were ∼3400 metric tons per day. Boulder. Seattle. National Center for Atmospheric Research. THIS ARTICLE HAS BEEN CITED BY OTHER ARTICLES: • • Bad Weather: On Planetary Crisis Social Studies of Science 1 February 2010: 7-40.1126/science.256. 256 no. Hobbs and 2. The smoke absorbed ∼75 to 80% of the sun's radiation in regions of the Persian Gulf. However. Radke + Author Affiliations 1. Manager of the Research Aviation Facility.

net • • • Received February 11. 2003. Kuwait. The overall prevalence of overweight and obesity among KOC employees was 75%. frequency and duration of physical activity. o Abstract o Full Text o Full Text (PDF) o o o Overweight and obesity among Kuwait Oil Company employees: a cross‐sectional study 1. e‐mail: alasi@qualitynet. Aim To assess the prevalence of overweight and obesity and related risk factors among Kuwait Oil Company (KOC) employees. PO Box 44334. together with inactivity. and their prevalence is known to be high in Kuwait from previous studies. 1. Method A cross‐sectional study of full‐time KOC employees was carried out using a structured questionnaire that was completed during periodic medical examinations. 85% of participants were male.• Abstract Full Text Full Text (PDF) Respiratory health status of Australian veterans of the 1991 Gulf War and the effects of exposure to oil fire smoke and dust storms Thorax 1 October 2004: 897-903. Preventive Medical Department. Results Some 3282 out of 3900 employees completed the study. Revision received June 17. 2003. Encouraging an . history of chronic diseases and medication. Kuwait Oil Company. Taysir Al‐Asi + Author Affiliations 1. All participants were counselled and examined. body mass index and fasting glucose were recorded. Blood pressure. Ahmadi. Accepted July 7. 2002. Hawalli 32058. Medical Officer of Health. Correspondence to: Dr Taysir Al‐Asi. Abstract Background Overweight and obesity are considered major risk factors for many diseases. Ahmadi Hospital. 62%were field workers and 38%were office workers. Males showed a higher level of overweight and obesity (79%) than females (56%). Field workers had a higher level of overweight and obesity (78%) and higher inactivity (65%) than office workers (72% and 56%. respectively). The questionnaire included demographic details. Conclusion Overweight and obesity. are highly prevalent among KOC employees. and more so among field workers than office workers. Kuwait.

healthy eating habits and weight control programmes are all possible interventions to reduce the prevalence of overweight and lifestyle. .

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