This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
ISSUE 4 2011
18+ For adults only. Soft Secrets is published six times a year by Discover Publishers USA, Inc.
In this issue:
THE WAR ON DRUGS HAS FAILED!
A report has just been issued by the Global Commission on Drug Policy, condemning the ineffective and often damaging policies implemented in the War on Drugs. What does this mean for our industry, and how can we move forward? ›› 5
A Cease-Fire in the Drug War?
Doesn’t it seem as if overnight, Cannabis has become socially acceptable in America? The Global Commission on Drug Policy has just released a report about the utter failure of the War on Drugs, despite the billions of dollars flushed through it over the years. HR 2306 could present the first-ever modern Federal legislation that would allow peace for the pot industry, since its criminalization in 1937. A mind-blowing documentary called What if Cannabis Cured Cancer is now sweeping the globe, allaying many of the fears regarding medicinal marijuana that plague the medical community – as well as vindicating the thousands of activists and proponents who have been shouting (at seemingly deaf ears) for decades about the merits of our beloved plant. It’s true. Cannabis is not that bad for you. If the product is grown organically and handled carefully, the consumption of the drug – even smoking it, although we cannot deny the dangers of smoking in general – is not physically addictive, and most of the negative consequences of its effects can be directly attributed to the shortcomings of the user. The punitive nature of America’s drug policies has done more harm than good in incarcerating first-time, non-violent individuals who, at worst, should be in drug treatment facilities. In moderation or clinical settings, Cannabis presents a therapeutic substance that treats more ailments than any other single drug in the history of medicine and should not be unjustly demonized. Allowing people to grow weed will not lead to the immediate collapse of human civilization, nor will it plunge our youth into the depths of depravity. We need education, quality control, safe access, protection for care-givers and patients; but mostly, we need to be TAXED so that cash can be put towards the necessary legislation, organizations and social programs. Sorry, drug dealers: we all know that if weed were ever legalized the price would drop. Why panic? It won’t drop that much, and if laws loosen, the groups of
ades about the freedoms lavished upon the smoking masses in this low-lying nation. Well, it’s all potentially about to crash and burn, as the Dutch government wants to issue marijuana membership cards to legal, tax-paying residents only, restricting their purchases to the one coffeeshop nearest to their house. At a maximum limit of three grams. Read on to find out how this might affect your next vacation.... Finally, no Drug War edition would be complete without a mention of Eddy Lepp. Perhaps one of the most famous Green Prisoners in the world, Eddy is
What if Cannabis Cured Cancer?
Simon, proprietor of Serious Seeds, explains how the Cannabis seed industry is even more susceptible to piracy than the music world, and what will happen if it’s not prevented. ›› 14
HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS The Devil’s Harvest Seed Company reveal their secrets of Cannabis seed feminization, why they do it and what the future holds for this Amsterdam label. ›› 20
people who secretly like Cannabis, but avoid it due to issues such as the fact that it’s still absurdly classed as Schedule I, will soon join the ranks of your customer lists. Demand will likely increase, and you can finally go legit! This issue of SSUSA presents a few different ramifications of the War on Drugs, including some of the international effects of bad drug stigma, such as the impending ‘Weed Pass’ in the Netherlands. You’ve all heard for dec-
hardly visible in the Cannabis press, despite his famous arrest and incarceration. Due to his contributions to the medical Cannabis community over the years, we felt that he deserved a ‘visit’. It’s ironic that some of the very pioneers who assisted in the liberalization of US pot laws are locked away and cannot enjoy the new freedom themselves. Things are looking up, folks; however, we’ve still got a long way to go towards complete legalization. How are you helping?
FROM THE EDITOR
Don’t see your company, product or techniques featured in the pages of SSUSA? Wish your activist organization could get a little free press? Contact us! Are you or is someone you know particularly gifted with a camera? Then why not submit your amateur photos to SSUSA? They could end up on the cover! Subject is of your choosing, and an emphasis on Cannabis is absolutely not necessary. Be as creative and expressive as possible, and you might just see your work on the front page, or within the next issue of Soft Secrets USA. Photographers will be credited for their work. Cannabis photos are rarely used for cover shots. Oh, and let’s keep it classy, people! Not into photography but still have an interesting talent or story? Contact us if you think you deserve a place in our publication. Feel free to let us know about new books, television and film projects; festivals, events and demonstrations, medical advances, green prisoners or even interesting companies who deserve a little support and media coverage. We love hemp, and are always happy to highlight the innovations that make this industry so exciting. We hope to hear from you. * Press concerns and photos (minimum resolution 300dpi @ 4x4 inches) may be emailed to Kristie@softsecrets.nl. * All submissions will be handled with discretion. Soft Secrets USA is not responsible for unsolicited submissions, either for graphics or text.
IN THIS ISSUE:
Cease-Fire in the Drug War? Page 3 Girl: Warlock The War on Drugs Has Failed! What if Cannabis Cured Cancer? HR 2306 Strain Awards Eddy Lepp Dutch Weed Pass Seed Piracy Hemp Kevlar How to Feminize Cannabis Didymium Glasses Mila’s Journey Rolling Papers Breeding Grubbycup’s Stash Pollinator Company HT Medical Cannabis Cup International Seed Market Thanks, Jacques Kalamata & Panama Red LED Trial: Critical Jack Male Cannabis Dangerous Pastry Royal Queen Seeds Hy’s Deli by oz. A Stoned Selection Gil Scott-Heron Gay Pride San Francisco Colophon 1 3 5 7 9 10 12 13 14 17 20 23 24 26 29 31 31 33 36 37 38 39 41 42 42 44 45 46 46 FROM THE EDITOR STRAIN REPORT LEGAL FILM REVIEW/MEDICINAL LEGAL STRAIN REPORT GREEN PRISONERS AMSTER-RANT
MADE IN HOLLAND
The Warlock was created in the early 1990s by Gerrit, the owner and breeder of Magus Genetics. Due to personal circumstances Gerrit was not able to continue his business and we from Serious Seeds decided to incorporate the strains of Magus Genetics into our program. The Warlock won the 3rd place at the High Times Cannabis Cup in 1997. Short and bushy during the vegetative period, it grows huge, compact buds with few leaves in flowering. Especially indoors the Warlock is a good yielder, with a harvest of 400-500g per square meter. The clear white pistils change to a tan/pinkish color when ripe. Warlock has a sweet smell with a tinge of sour, reminiscent of fresh fruits. The effect is felt very quickly after the toke and is a strong high, which is felt more in the head than in the body. Due to its high THC content, the Warlock has good medical qualities for pain relief and against insomnia. Name: Pedigree: Warlock Mostly indica (Skunk/Afghani x Afghani) Breeder: Gerrit from Magus Genetics Producer: Serious Seeds Height: Short and bushy Weight: Good yielder (400-500g/m2) Flowering Time: 55-60 days
HEMP INNOVATIONS GENETICS/BREEDING SERIOUS GARDENING FILM REVIEW HEMP INNOVATIONS ORGANIC CULTIVATION SHOP REVIEW, NL FESTIVALS & EXPOS GENETICS/BREEDING SMUGGLER’S TALES ENDANGERED STRAINS ORGANIC CULTIVATION BOTANY MEDICINAL PRODUCT FLASH COMIC MUSIC OBITUARY MARCHES & DEMOS FROM THE EDITOR
neighboring countries were quick to paint gloomy pictures of the country’s future. the Commission has officially recognized the utter failure of the War on Drugs – as well as the devastating consequences it has had on society and its members. The war on Cannabis is the perfect example. former President of Mexico. harsh repression and propaganda – as well as a recognized waste of taxpayers’ hard earned cash. depression. it was surprising to read that the Global Commission on Drug Policy. To give a concrete example. ill health and criminality: the alcohol prohibition that took place in the 1920s. Most of us with a basic understanding of market and social dynamics have known that it was an approach bound to fail. given a bit of thought: to ‘End the criminalization. Cannabis. Prime Minister of Greece. Despite this.. Their conclusions are basic and most are obvious.5 A REPORT FROM THE GLOBAL COMMISSION ON DRUG POLICY The War on Drugs Has Failed! Since the last hundred years. it is easy to spot the correlation between prohibition. the death of brain cells and mental disorders: these are some of the many scare tactics used over the decades to convince people of the dangers of drug-use. marginalization and stigmatization of people who use drugs but who do no harm to others. While drug use and possession are still legally prohibited. cocaine and opiate use have all increased over a ten year period (1998-2008) with a respective increase of 8. had published an article recognizing the failure of the War on Drugs and offering a set of principles and recommendations to efficiently tackle the issue. Not only was this drug considered to be responsible for the moral depravity spreading through the US via foreign immigrants. former Secretary General of the United Nations). it was also accused of causing depravity in white women who. sociologists – as well as the criminals involved. taxpayers pay the government to ultimately help the very criminals it claims to fight against. high prices and no quality control – which can potentially lead to disastrous health issues. Having heard of this decision. This situation is one of which many are aware: politicians. ANY means possible. other countries still stubbornly deny that a new approach is needed. Ernesto Zedillo.5%. Portugal decriminalized the use of drugs. Substances leading to violence. not criminal offenses. governments continue to invest increasing amounts of funds into a losing battle. More exactly. claiming it would see increased drug use amongst youth and become a drug user’s haven. reinforcing the apparent need to combat it by any means possible. waves of propaganda and misinformation were very efficient in convincing the citizens of the risks these drugs brought to the established order and moral values of the new world. governments worldwide have so far refused to adjust their approach. Mind you. broadly generating an uproar from neighboring nations and international press. on the first of July. it also affected white people by encouraging them to abandon their moral values. The results of prohibition remain the same today as they were then. the Global Commission on Drug Policy published data claiming that rather than dropping. 27% and 34. Paul Volcker. a part of the United Nations. with budgets surpassing $40B a year in America alone. would start listening to the Devil’s music – which we now call ‘Jazz’. A couple of countries decided upon new approach- DRUG PROMOTION (PHOTO BY MANTAS RUZVELTAS) es. Even though Portugal was able to show positive results over the last ten years. the Global Commission on Drug Policy has recognized the need to re-evaluate the international approach to drug use and production.. insecurity. In a publication released in the beginning of June 2011.’ Also. With no other source of income. after having consumed the drug. The Financial Times estimated that the War on Drugs had far-surpassed the trillion-dollar mark. However. Buddy Kush When the decision was made to start an official war against the use of drugs back in the early 20th century. In 2010. to: IS IT THE CANNABIS OR THE PROPAGANDA CAUSING DEPRAVITY? (PHOTO BY KAT) . In the first week of June however. the international approach to drugs has been one of intolerance. former Chairman of the US Federal Reserve and Economic Recovery Board and Kofi Annan. hard-drug use. the government has to use taxation to finance its inefficient war. WAR ON DRUGS REPORT. to sum up. increased use. 2001. And yet nothing has really changed since the War on Drugs first started. economists. JUNE 2011 In their new report. the taxpayers. by the way – and to be promiscuous with black men. everyone thought it would be for the best. Enter the Global Commission on Drug Policy Together with a group of illustrious commissioners (amongst whom were George Papandreou. consumers also have to deal with insecurity in obtaining the drug. And who pays the price for all this? One simple answer: you and me. If we are to look at relevant historical references. So. but for a very few pioneers. History has shown this on numerous accounts.5%. violations of those prohibitions are considered as administrative violations. With no regulation whatsoever.
Switzerland. 11.globalcommission ondrugs. plus medical-. Policies should be a global. is not in any way a measure of success – especially when the consumption of said drug continues to rise. More than that.. 2. The day our approach to drugs evolves.) This seems a very commendable set of principles. small scale dealers come next. thereby reducing the harms linked to the underground market. How will really opened up the debate about our approach to drugs worldwide. Base drug policies on solid evidence. despite certain shortcomings. allowing institutions to focus on drug use linked to larger social issues (childhood trauma. This will create new jobs. adapt it – modify it to suit your needs. security firms.) which truly do need attention. drug use in itself and drug dependency. 4. but also give everyone the information necessary for them to be able to make an educated decision with regards to drug use. this publication has created waves throughout international press and has . Develop new sentences for first-time/ small-scale dealers. because of certain countries which.. neglect. while also eliminating the need for an illegal market in one fell swoop. It is therefore important to be critical. they could potentially find themselves without employment. shared responsibility. it is time for the relevant institutions to face the facts. The necessary steps towards rectifying the situation will contain big challenges. And indeed.org/report STIMULATING GOVERNMENTS TO EXPERIMENT WITH REGULATION AND DECRIMINALIZATION HAS PROVEN THAT A LESS REPRESSIVE APPROACH LEADS NOT ONLY TO LOWER DRUG USE. BUT ALSO TO LESS HEALTH ISSUES the health sector. as peer pressure. we should discuss the possible creation of licenses allowing the production of these drugs. society’s leaders) will actively need to take part in order to start rectifying generations’ worth of misinformation. the conclusions are as follows: The Principles: 1. we must also take other social repercussions into account. COMPARISON OF THE CANNABIS MARKETS IN FRANCE AND THE NETHERLANDS The Measure Themselves: In order to tackle this vast task. the Commission has agreed upon a list of four principles and eleven recommendations they hope can help rectify the situation. create jobs and economic income and reduce health risks (with regard to altered substances). the number of drugs intercepted. Pursue an open debate and break through the taboo surrounding drugs.’ An ultimate goal is ‘to rethink the approach now in place with regards to people involved in the lower end of the illegal drug markets. 3. Together with the necessary regulations and quality controls this could create a more secure. Establish better methods to measure the progress. There are exceptions though. 9. etc. considering the problem rationally (not emotionally) and learning from past mistakes is the key to moving things forward. pharmaceutical companies. trustworthy means of distribution. The Recommendations: 1. In this case. prevention. You try an approach. Until this is done. to keep all these facts in mind and to discuss the issue in its entirety to guarantee as smooth a transition as we can. Imagine how many people profit from the War on Drugs: the prison industry. Spain and Portugal have done – has proven that a less repressive approach leads not only to lower drug use but also to less health issues linked to their consumption. Offer a wide and easily accessible range of options for treatment of drug dependence. 3. involving all relevant parties (families. The UN must provide leadership in global drug policy reform.and construction industries the day hemp is fully legalized – but entire new markets will appear. the drugs market. health specialists. there is no denying that. This would thereby limit drug use linked to external influences such DOES THIS MEAN I’LL GET MY CROP BACK? (PHOTO BY KAT) placed at the top.6 ‘encourage experimentation by governments with models of legal regulation. This dynamic will not change unless the legality of drug use and production in itself is revised. To this end. 10. to focus repressive actions on violent criminal organizations[. This is why extensive efforts must be made to provide adequate resources for prevention – with a focus on the ‘sensitive’ social groups such as youths – as well as the developing of easy access to treatment for the people suffering from drug dependencies. petrochemical. Through open discussion and effective education. all concerned parties (families. living conditions. as well as revenues that the government can then tax to finance rehabilitation centers. 8. What about you? For more information on the report. Base drug policies on human rights and public health principles. Needless to say we’ll be doing our part. drug use will never cease. Countries continuing to invest heavily in law enforcement should focus on Conclusions Isn’t it amusing that these facts – which have been preached by activists for years – are finally being acknowledged now that a group of governmental celebrities is repeating them? Regardless. points six and seven). It is time for us to face the issue head-on and adapt. educational initiatives and so forth. it can be summarized in a pyramidal structure with the end-user a continually repressive approach to dealers help in curbing consumption? Instead.e. As many have said before. 5. if lacking. taking diverse political. we can not only ensure that the misconceptions are dispersed. Encourage experimentation with regulation models designed to undermine organized crime and benefit the health and security of end users. We must act now! A very good first step. with a special focus on youth. socialand political experiments done internationally. even today. However. the control of the drug market and the funds it generates will remain as they are. socio-economic status or. There are a couple of notions that appear to be lacking. If one looks at the current structure of drug trade/use. especially [with regards] to Cannabis’ and ‘offer health and treatment services to those in need. The War on Drugs has failed. law enforcement. to invest in drug prevention and drug education. It is quite an accurate representation of the control each group has on the market. Not only will economic interests shift – imagine what will happen to the paper-. 4.’ organized crime and traffickers. 6. Challenge misconceptions about drug users. the ‘forbidden fruit’ effect. etc. 2. so long as a curious mind exists. however (i. social and cultural realities into consideration. decades’ worth of propaganda will have to be addressed before any truly unbiased conclusion can be reached. forbid research into certain drugs. which can easily be applied given the extensive research done internationally by recognized authorities. naturally. textile-. Stop considering drug users criminals and offer them health and treatment services to those in need. 7. Invest more in evidence-based prevention. law enforcement etc.] but first and foremost to begin the transformation of the “global drug prohibition regime” by replacing current measures with responsible policies and strategies built on facts and not on ideology and political convenience. judge the results and. Judging the success of the War on Drugs by the number of arrests made. check online at: http://www. Based on discussion. Drug policies must be pursued in a comprehensive way. To be Perfected… Stimulating governments to experiment with regulation and decriminalization – as countries such as the Netherlands. It is essential to everything we do in life. followed by larger scale dealers and organized crime forming the wide base.
Hard facts replace conjecture. Not only does smoking moderate amounts of weed NOT cause cancer. Type II diabetes. The documentary begins with a brief education on the ancient relationship between Cannabis and humans. fights LEN RICHMOND HAS STUNNED VIEWERS WITH A MASTERPIECE DOCUMENTING THE BIO-CHEMISTRY OF CANNABIS: WHAT IF CANNABIS CURED CANCER ANSWERS QUESTIONS THAT VIEWERS PERHAPS NEVER THOUGHT TO ASK ical Cannabis are explained empirically. affects the impact of THC. ALL CANNABIS-BASED DRUGS HAD BEEN REMOVED FROM US PHARMACIES. circulatory-. AND WHY WE SHOULD CONTINUE TO DO SO FOR THE SAKE OF THE HUMAN RACE. bronchial dilator. Perhaps short-term memory isn’t such a bad thing after all. you will obtain the peace of mind that comes with certainty: everything we’ve been saying for years about the benefits of Cannabis has been true. This means that our very most precious and essential systems are being aided in function and control by the ECS. agrarian ones. Cannabinoid impact on cancer: Seeking out cancer cells and preferentially killing them. or endoSativa Diva cannabinoids. However. and this is especially important for brain cancer patients. Written and directed by Len Richmond Narrated by Peter Coyote Edited by Massimo Mazzucco Running Time: 60 minutes . doctors. . fights diabetes. CANNABIS PHARMACEUTICALS PRESENT A LESS-TOXIC ALTERNATIVE FOR INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE ALREADY ILL. doubters. is responsible for modulating energy intake. CBN: Primary product of THC degradation. strongly inhibits tumor growth in leukemia and breast cancer. preventative effect against malignant tumors. education into the physical workings of these substances. or ECS. sedative. in other realms. ‘We need to have a way to One of the reasons that Cannabis does not physically addict is because of our ECS – our bodies recognize cannabinoids. drink. It is this action that takes place when certain cannabinoids pass into the brain. makes ‘high’ come on faster but last less time. anti-psychotic. anti-epileptic. Anti-angiogenic (prevents fresh blood supply to tumors). Many of its protective and therapeutic effects may be attributed to the ability of these substances to move freely through the ‘brain/blood barrier’. including the nervous-. The endo-cannabinoid system. which protects the brain from infection and other harm. presenting a quick. virus-induced leukemia. African/Thai strains. neuroprotector. Even if you already knew much of the information covered in What if Cannabis Cured Cancer. where they can then destroy cancer cells in a carefully-guided attack. as well as virus-induced leukemia. Whether or not the above are true. has protective. THIS DOCUMENTARY WILL BE ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT FILMS YOU EVER WATCH. Most animals and other organisms also have cannabinoid receptors. malignant tumors and bacterial infections. providing physical.lenrichmondfilms. anyone who has ever had an opinion about Cannabis must watch this film and truly become enlightened. Naysayers. will burst. anxiolytic (anti-anxiety). Forget what? According to Dr.. smell. causing a shift from hunter/gatherer societies to static. the ECS regulates our moods.Stereo . may act as anti-depressant.. eat. CBC: Found in extremely low levels. known as endogenous cannabinoids. Whether you ingest. THC has also been medically-proven to slow the growth of breast. You read that correctly: human beings produce the endogenous version of the herbal cannabinoids responsible for the myriad effects brought about by the consumption of weed. forget. BY 1942. the man who discovered THC in 1964. their original intent was to receive the same compounds when produced by the human body. Ever wondered why Cannabis gets you high? It’s no accident. the unique combination of these compounds. nutrient transport and metabolism. effect and duration of each of your favorite strains. If you haven’t seen this film. we need our ECS for mechanisms that help us to ‘relax. In addition. activists. KURT CANNABIS (MALCOLM MCDOWELL) AND CONNIE CANCER (ROSEANNE BARR) LIGHTEN THE MOOD IN A SPECIAL COMEDY SHORT.DOCUMENTARY 7 What if Cannabis Cured Cancer? THIS MINDBLOWING FILM EXPLAINS HOW AND WHY WE GET HIGH FROM CANNABIS. then why do we produce nearly atomically-twin substances that our body requires to survive? According to Di Marzo (1998). THCV: Mostly in S. growers. CBD: Non-psychoactive. Activists from within the community will rejoice: the merits of medbut extremely in-depth. smokers. antiinflammatory.Color . Writer and director Len Richmond has stunned viewers with a masterpiece documenting the bio-chemistry of Cannabis: What if Cannabis Cured Cancer answers questions that viewers perhaps never thought to ask.DVD » www.or herbal) have in the human body. If Cannabis (and the drug compounds therein) is so dangerous. scientific evidence that will only fail to silence opponents to medical marijuana if they choose to entirely ignore the research. If nothing else. THESE FOUR CANNABINOIDS ARE CONSIDERED AMONG THE MOST IMPORTANT OF THE 400+ COMPOUNDS FOUND IN CANNABIS. one cannot argue about the proven role and functions that cannabinoids (endogenous. Anthropological conjecture exists over whether Cannabis consumption somehow stimulated early human language skills.and lung cancer tumors. reproductive.and immune systems. Apoptopic (hastens death of cancer cells). anti-inflammatory. but cannabinoids actually have a semi-protective effect on the body. Anti-metastatic (stops cancer’s ability to spread). forget and protect’. then that’s definitely not true. Anti-proliferative (inhibits cell growth). slows growth of lungand breast cancer. After millions of years of evolution (beginning with the humble sea squirt) humans have developed a sophisticated system of receptors – one of the densest of its type in the human body – specifically designed to accept the exact chemical compounds produced by the Cannabis plant. such as ethno-botany. and is now scientifically-proven. anti-depressant. and storage. be assured that your education will still have been expanded through the watching of this astonishing film. encourages cancer cell death. Due to the oily nature of the cannabinoids (the stuff that spreads all over your fingers when you handle buds) the compounds are easily able to slip between the two parts of the body. shielding healthy cells and inciting the ‘suicide’ of cancer cells. smoke or vaporize it. or we. but research diverges here as the functions sometimes differ between species.com Some important cannabinoid functions: THC: Mimics the body’s own ECS. Many people like to believe they truly ‘know everything there is to know about Cannabis’. scientists claim that hemp was the first intentionally cultivated plant. sleep. plus a few others. blends together to present the exact flavor.’ It is a known fact that the lack of pain memory is one of the more important evolutionary aspects of our bodies. Raphael Mechoulam.
However. this is the first that seeks to entirely remove Federal control (at least within state boundaries). REPUBLICAN HOUSE REP. It seeks to remove marijuana regulation from the jurisdiction of the Federal government and hand it back to the state. despite not always agreeing on matters of policy. and was in itself remarkable in that HR 2306 SEEKS TO REMOVE MARIJUANA REGULATION FROM THE JURISDICTION OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND HAND IT BACK TO THE STATE. Frustration that people are being wrongly-deprived of medical marijuana due to outdated and restrictive laws is a sentiment strongly echoed in several of Paul’s previous statements. Much has been made of the so-called ‘unlikely’ partnership between Ron Paul and Barney Frank. HR 2306. only to die again. the popular liberal. it would be contradictory to his stance to condone Federal control over most everyday aspects of life. AS WAS EFFECTIVELY THE CASE PRIOR TO 1937 As a staunch supporter of small government. FOR THE 4TH DISTRICT OF MASSACHUSETTS and Frank continue their liaisons in the future and that Dr. sell and smoke marijuana – where it is not prohibited by state law – would no longer be committing a Federal offense. Steve Cohen (Tenn. 2011 the bi-partisan bill. Jared Polis (Colo. let alone the House. BOTH RON PAUL AND BARNEY FRANK HAVE A STRONG BACKGROUND IN PROHEMP AND MARIJUANA CAMPAIGNING. Nevertheless. The legislation would limit Federal interference in marijuana law enforcement to cross-border or inter-state smuggling.’ Frank also authored the State’s Right to Medical Marijuana Act in 2001. Dr. and perhaps a few more Congressional Representatives will stop and think for a moment longer when considering HR 2306. contrary to many of the more sensationalist reports appearing in By Kali Mist the initial days following the announcement. it is a positive step in the continuing effort to raise awareness in political circles. With levels of public interest remaining high. and thus Ron Paul has lent his name to an otherwise all-Democrat proposition. HR 2306. there is a RON PAUL HAS LENT HIS NAME TO AN OTHERWISE ALL-DEMOCRAT PROPOSITION and damaging to society. Production. and as a 2012 Presidential hopeful. The bill’s authors do however stress that it is ‘not a legalization bill’. While previous proposed bills have sought to limit Federal control or legalize certain aspects of marijuana or hemp. showing not only the level to which this elder statesman is informed. they have teamed up in the past to campaign for reductions in military spending. and is unlikely to pass committee. The expectation is that the excessive levels of criminality involved in the Cannabis industry will decrease with the more favorable legislation and regulations many states have already begun to implement. This bill was each time co-sponsored and supported by Ron Paul. with its bi-partisan authorship. it seems that the link between these two very different politicians is not so tenuous after all. as well as to campaign in favor of online gambling within the US. When it comes to marijuana. Paul is no stranger to controversy. and was re-proposed in 2009. was proposed to Congress by Ron Paul (R. Barney Frank. a strong dislike of the ‘nanny state’ – and belief in self-determination and our inherent freedom to decide what to put into our bodies. this bill could be deemed a well-timed move to guarantee media coverage and increased support from a wider demographic. Democratic House Representative of the 4th District of Massachusetts– the second openly gay member of the House of Representatives – also has a strong backit was the first that sought to remove marijuana legislation from the Federal level – but limited to personal amounts. with trafficking offenses remaining under Federal jurisdiction.. Federal raids on dispensaries would no longer occur as citizens invoking their right to cultivate. and as such is a milestone in the saga of Cannabis politics. However. and in 2008 proposed the Personal Use HOUSE REP. DEMOCRATIC RON PAUL. Many more moderate Republicans seek to distance themselves from him. John Conyers (Mich. It is to be hoped that Congressmen Paul good chance of this bill getting at least a little floor time. of Marijuana by Responsible Adults Act (HR 5843) which initially died in committee. and that nations should begin reviewing current drug policy with a possible view to eventual legalization. and four further democrats: Reps. sale and taxation of Cannabis would be wholly regulated by state authorities. On June 23rd. His stance is informed by a long belief in the states’ ability to govern themselves. Barney Frank (D. as was effectively the case prior to 1937.).) and Barbara Lee (Calif. Ron Paul is known for his na issues. all cynicism aside. vote. Texas). Such bi-partisan arrangements – while not uncommon – are likely to attract more attention in the media. having signed the Industrial Hemp Farming Act of 2009 (HR1866 2009-H1866) to ‘grant each state regulating authority for the growing and processing of industrial hemp. FOR TEXAS’S 14TH DISTRICT ground in marijuana campaigning and a consistent pro-hemp voting record.). The bill is being publicized using the decades-old but still effective argument: that prohibition of alcohol had negative effects so severe it was quickly deemed unworkable – and for the same reasons. Although the bill is sure to be opposed by many.. Presidential candidate.LEGISLATION 9 HR 2306: Ending Federal Marijuana Prohibition Act of 2011 A MAJOR SHIFT IN THE APPROACH TO US MARIJUANA LEGISLATION. continued prohibition of Cannabis should be acknowledged as pointless outspoken criticism of US monetary. but despite (or perhaps due to) his apparent eccentricity he enjoys a wide following. It comes at a very relevant time – just after the Global Commission on Drug Policy released statements to the effect that the War on Drugs has so far been a failure.and foreign policies. has attracted significant media attention. . Republican Congressman for Texas’s 14th District. So.). it’s clear there is yet another subject upon which they agree – and have done for some time.. He has a proven record over the past few years on pro-marijua- BARNEY FRANK. all such publicity is good publicity for the Cannabis cause. and it is true that on many issues their views are entirely unaligned.).. and de facto leader of the libertarian Tea Party movement. Mass. Paul would remain so emphatically in favor of pro-marijuana legislation – were his presidential campaign to prove successful. his interest in pro-marijuana legislation apparently extends beyond the hypothetical: Paul has even promoted the cause of industrial hemp in the past. but also the level of his enthusiasm and commitment to the cause.
00 % Additional information coming soon.86 % Modifies ‘high’. It’s a completely different experience that we highly recommend. anti-convulsant. appetite stimulant 20.00 % Additional information coming soon. 0. We’re always blown away by the purps. byproduct of THC degradation 0. Behold the greenest of greens! It’s as if you could see nature’s essence flowing through this beauty.00 % Additional information coming soon. SGL01328 General Effects % Analgesic. Downtown Collective. Beneath that amazing head of thick. neuro-protector.61 % Additional information coming soon. byproduct of THC degradation Additional information coming soon Additional information coming soon Additional information coming soon Additional information coming soon Additional information coming soon Additional information coming soon Additional information coming soon Additional information coming soon % 21. SGL02207 General Effects % Analgesic.00 % Additional information coming soon. They maintain many pain relief qualities. byproduct of THC degradation 0. Indica Non-Organic Indoor Platinum Bubba.00 % Cannabinoid 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol 9-THC Cannabidiol CBD Cannabinol CBN 8-Tetrahydrocannabinol 8-THC Cannabichromene CBC Cannabicyclol CBL Cannabielsoin CBE Cannabigerol CBG Cannabinidiol CBND Cannabitriol CBT Miscellaneous types . 0.34 % Additional information coming soon. 0. SGL02337 Downtown Collective. Unit D.11 % Additional information coming soon. They leap off the camera lens begging ‘Look at me. Beginners beware! Too much of a toke from these beauties and you’ll find yourself in couch-lock paranoia. and the Red Warrior doesn’t disappoint. 0.60 % Cannabinoid 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol 9-THC Cannabidiol CBD Cannabinol CBN Paragon 77928 Paladas Rd.86 % Modifies ‘high’.00 % 0. 0.00 % Additional information coming soon.00 % Additional information coming soon. she could be the strongest weapon on the battlefield. byproduct of THC degradation 0. anti-convulsant. Feeling lonely? Wrap your lips around nature’s most fertile Louis XIII. So if you need to pass that calculus test.00 % Additional information coming soon. CA 90015.. and she’ll visually enchant anyone who sets their on eyes upon her. (213) 746-8420 Cannabinoid 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol 9-THC Cannabidiol CBD Cannabinol CBN 8-Tetrahydrocannabinol 8-THC Cannabichromene CBC Cannabicyclol CBL Cannabielsoin CBE Cannabigerol CBG Cannabinidiol CBND Cannabitriol CBT Miscellaneous types General Effects % Analgesic. neuro-protector. STRAIN REPORT StrainGeniusLab Awards Sovereign og. 0.00 % 0.00 % Additional information coming soon. this indica is sure to take your pain away – and probably your sensibilities too. strangely enough. 0. 0.47 % Modifies ‘high’.00 % 0.00 % 0. appetite stimulant 20. inhibits cancer cell growth 1. 0. This red-headed stepchild is bursting with supermodel appeal. not all strains are created equal! We’ve seen several Bubba strains with no CBD content at all.00 % Additional information coming soon. Chronically Inclined . 0. neuro-protector.00 % Photos by: Nick Angilello Best Anxiety Relief Award (High CBD) While we see many great rating THC strains every day. 0. She’s a dark burgundy. anti-convulsant. At 20. relax. Even the cartoons you’re watching on the television set will know how high you are. dahling!’ It’s a difficult choice to choose the best. CA 92211 (951) 219-4600 Sexiest Strain Award The Downtown Collective has a winner this month with their picturesque Louis XIII.89 % Modifies ‘high’.00 % 0. 0. but are best known for their exceptional anxiety relief. are known for their properties in not getting you too high. the A1 Purple from The Green Door Collective is a clear winner.22 % Anti-anxiety. sunset hairs are glowing white bulbs just begging for your vaporizer. Sovereign. 0. 1600 South Hill St. appetite stimulant Anti-anxiety. Palm Desert.00 % Additional information coming soon. CA Cannabinoid 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol 9-THC Cannabidiol CBD Cannabinol CBN 8-Tetrahydrocannabinol 8-THC Cannabichromene CBC Cannabicyclol CBL Cannabielsoin CBE Cannabigerol CBG Cannabinidiol CBND Cannabitriol CBT Miscellaneous types Uncle Harry’s Mistress Award Harry likes ‘em hairy.98 % 0. 0.00 % Pretty in Purple Award We can’t help ourselves. San Diego.22% THC. SGL02323 General Effects % Analgesic. inhibits cancer cell growth 0. So hats off to these master growers for cultivating this rare gem.00 % 0.10 Best Pain Relieving Strain Award (High THC) With this strain scoring high at nearly 20% THC.00 % Additional information coming soon.00 % Additional information coming soon. 0. 0. and enjoy this Sovereign OG from Sovereign. Remember though. however.00 % Additional information coming soon. neuro-protector.00 % Additional information coming soon. Indica Non-Organic Indoor Louis XIII . SGL02191 Cannabinoid 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Cannabidiol Cannabinol 8-Tetrahydrocannabinol Cannabichromene Cannabicyclol Cannabielsoin Cannabigerol Cannabinidiol Cannabitriol Miscellaneous types 9-THC CBD CBN 8-THC CBC CBL CBE CBG CBND CBT General Effects Analgesic. inhibits cancer cell growth 0. The Green Door San Diego. anti-convulsant.19 % 0. appetite stimulant 17. 0. 0.00 % Additional information coming soon. neuro-protector. byproduct of THC degradation 0. Her trichomes are lined up in perfect single-file for your viewing pleasure. 0. 0. These are an interesting breed that. inhibits cancer cell growth Modifies ‘high’.00 % Additional information coming soon. 0. alive trichomes throughout. Connoisseurs: rejoice. Indica Organic Greenhouse Master Kush.61 % 0. but need to take the edge off. pick up some Platinum Bubba from Paragon. the rarest of the rare are high CBD (Cannabidiol) strains.14 % Anti-anxiety. Paragon. 0. 0.00 % 0. inhibits cancer cell growth 0.00 % Additional information coming soon. appetite stimulant 17. 0.52 % Anti-anxiety.00 % Additional information coming soon.22 % Anti-anxiety. This strong indica is great for an afternoon of relaxation or an after work couch party. reminiscent of a plum-colored Cabernet. anti-convulsant.00 % Additional information coming soon. Indica Organic Indoor A1 Purple.00 % The Green Door San Diego. Los Angeles.00 % Additional information coming soon. She boasts a gorgeous glow with well-placed hairs and bright.00 % Additional information coming soon.
I am never closer to Jah as when I use the Sacred Herb. write. Current prescription costs are beyond the financial grasp of many. If you believe in something. 25 acres of land were held by the Church for use by the congregation. and smoking marijuana helped. “Life in prison is very boring. There are eight million people without health insurance in California. to a woman whom he says “is the love of my life. and again forced Eddy to watch a loved one suffer.” Irrigated by a drip system with overhead misters.’” Rev. he would devote the rest of [his] life to helping people and telling them about the Sacred Plant. It began with FDR and has resulted in the loss of our greatest asset: the great American farmer. THROUGH THE CHURCH THE COST WAS ABOUT A DOLLAR A GRAM. helping. it is only a matter of time. the legalized extortion of money that the insurance and pharmaceutical companies are allowed to enjoy in this “We started in December with plants going into the ground. the re-legalization movement seems to be making progress. CA until his conviction and sentencing in 2008. and pressure from citizens to restore that freedom to the citizenry is mounting.” Cannabis has been illegal in California for less than 100 years.” country means they “are really no worse than the rest of Corporate America. “I broke no laws in the state of California. they are still striking out at everyone in their death throes. The illness made eating difficult for his father. and an appeal is in process. and using natural and organic nutrients. AIDS patients and other medical users seeking to grow their own medicinal Cannabis – and Rastafarian sacrament. Even while Eddy is serving out his sentence for similar activities. “From what I understand they are all indoors and that makes them cost prohibitive. “I believe they have already lost the fight but. Arrested in California.” Time goes slowly for imprisoned Eddy. Grubbycup awaiting appeal. In March they were still being planted.” Cannabis without paying black market prices or contributing to the cash flow of underworld smugglers. but in conflict with Federal law. She was my ‘Little Bitty Pretty One. The guys I am in here with. versus the overseeing Federal government’s more restrictive stance. If the big business and the banks aren’t brought to heel soon. “Either you never met her or you loved her. a belief that we could help ourselves and others without help or aid from the government. Today.” The Church was “loved and wellreceived. visit » www. Grubbycup Linda developed thyroid cancer. In a democracy. as a rattlesnake with a broken back.. and medical care charges more to private citizens than it does to insurance companies.” Sadly. Eddy inhabited the gray area between what states claim to be the rights of its citizens to seek non-pharmaceutical relief. If you try and work hard enough they will all come TRUE. the will of the majority of the population should determine the direction of government. His garden was operated in compliance with California State law. my friend.. read. indoors allows for increased security and seasonal flexibility. Eddy’s congregation was comprised of cancer patients. According to Eddy. such as Oakland. She goes to many events and never tires of telling the world of our FIGHT FOR JUSTICE. Peace. he “made a promise to Jah (God) that in exchange for spiritual strength for his wife. Growing Cannabis “THE WAR ON DRUGS HAS FAILED!” 5 “ONE MORE WAY THAT HEMP PLASTIC COULD SAVE OUR LIVES” 17 “HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS” 20 . which we proved (in spite of where I am) that we could do. Linda passed away shortly before Eddy was arrested. Judge Marilyn Patel noted the ten-year mandatory minimum was excessive. I have kept my word as Jah did for me. and sadly as a nation. As the number of states where democratically-passed leg- MOST DISPENSARIES CHARGE $15-$25 A GRAM FOR MEDICAL MARIJUANA. I fear for our future as a world power.com. and offered a way for people to obtain medical islation allowing some local use of marijuana rises. Big business is killing this country. Eddy advises to get the most out of Cannabis: “Go slow and enjoy the benefits. highlighting the problems related to using only traditional cancer treatments. He became involved with helping people connect with safe access to medical Cannabis after his father was diagnosed with cancer.” The Church made charitable donations to the local poor. especially the closer relationships you will have with the ‘most high’ as you understand it. There is little to do and less to care about. Eddy is housed at Lompoc Federal Prison Camp in California. but did not mitigate his sentence. Through the Church the cost was about a dollar a gram. She was special. ‘Eddy’s Medicinal Gardens and MultiDenominational Chapel of Cannabis and Rastafari’ was a dream. my partner. California cities.12 GREEN PRISONERS POLITICAL PRISONER AND ACTIVIST EDDY LEPP TALKS WITH SOFT SECRETS USA Eddy Lepp Speaks Eddy Lepp owned and operated Eddy’s Medicinal Gardens in Lake County. “At his memorial his doctor told me I added several months to his life by having him smoke marijuana. She was one of the kindest souls I have ever met and just about all who knew her will testify to that. love and puka shells.Green-Aid.” To learn more about Eddy’s case and those of other Green Prisoners. We were still planting as late as May or June. Most dispensaries charge $15-$25 a gram for medical marijuana. follow your dreams. but artificial lighting is much more expensive than using natural sunlight. When she developed cancer. at some point the Federal government should accept the will of the citizens. She was a healer and was able to help many people. I [play] Bocci. Eddy contends that the religious use of Cannabis is nothing new: “It is the main ingredient in the holy anointing oil in the Bible.” There are six-and-a-half more years remaining in Eddy’s sentence.” When asked about his first wife Linda. after the loss of his first wife. my strength. Eddy explains. A Rastafari minister. I am most definitely a political prisoner. discuss making provisions for large scale licensed indoor cultivation. many of them are wonderful people and we would all be better off with many of them home with their families.” Eddy eventually remarried.
Yes. so why don’t politicians get it? It makes me wonder if there isn’t some ulterior motive. are suddenly looking at it in a favorable light. you have finally been issued with a weed pass and you need a smoke. In their war on the growers. should you come to visit the fair city of Amsterdam and want to buy some weed. Quality will go down and there is the added opportunity to get involved in a violent street crime. has been wrestling with the ‘Cannabis problem’ since they first got together in their grubby little pact. RESIDENT TAX-PAYERS WILL BE ELIGIBLE FOR THE DUTCH GEDOOGKABINET (TOLERANCE CABINET) THE NEW CARD – EFFECTIVELY PRIVATE MEMBERSHIP. So much for free choice. probably involving money. but then private enterprise takes over. Importers and non-licensed growers would still be prosecuted. his reply was simply. The public know this. visited by millions of people and (according to the statistics) a quarter of them will safely visit a coffeeshop. THEN YOU’RE OUT OF LUCK… UNLESS YOU HAVE A ‘WIETPAS’ (WEED PASS) coffeeshops. but the government in The Hague is not listening. an ex-cabinet minister. folks. if you’re lucky you might find something good and buy the maximum allowance – three whole grams! ONLY LEGAL. despite all the advice to the contrary. negatively impact a job application or a custody hearing. They even know when you buy and how much because payment must be done with a bank card – no more cash. the pass is only valid in the coffeeshop nearest to where you live. along with all the weirdos who smoke it. (PHOTO: MARCEL VAN HOORN) them to visitors is not only stupid. the Dutch government is busy banging another nail into the coffin of Cannabis tourism. This government. because they will have everybody’s bank. when we had lots of bad drugs and violence on the streets.and personal details. ‘the police will deal with it. also. you’ll have buy from your nearest coffeeshop. they want to turn our coffeeshops into private clubs. off limits to you and all other visitors to Holland. The new weed pass will fit very well into their plan. After that. To close THIS TINY CARD COULD INCITE A HUGE UPROAR. with a few changes. As a result of all the busts. it is the police who serve the warrant and make the arrest. because the card is not valid anywhere else. but the Minister of Justice is just pig-headed enough to try and push it through. or. SHOULD YOU VISIT AMSTERDAM AND WANT TO BUY SOME WEED. Unfortunately you can only get one of these if you’re a legal. In a brain-churning stroke of ostrich politics. This is a mistake of Himalayan proportions and experts have told them so. but a hundred mature plants can get you a 10K fine and the chance of a life-changing experience. then you’re out of luck… unless you have a ‘wietby O’Riodon pas’ (weed pass). This is the same justice department that carries out more telephone taps than any other country in the world.AMSTERRANT 13 Dutch Weed Pass: THANK YOU. Fortunately there are number of groups challenging the law on the grounds of discrimination (which is against a current EEC law). why can’t Holland? So.’ They’ve just cut the police force. friendly city. There have been rumors of a rather cynical plan that would explain the continuing onslaught on the growers. This is a moment for some clear-headed thinking and an admission that recreational wants to push the price to over thirty dollars a gram and then tax it. When medical marijuana became big news in the States. What if this information falls into the wrong hands? It could have far-reaching effects: denial of auto insurance. Sure. This could be a law within six months. Then the highly-taxed product would be sold in local tobacconists. a tradition as Dutch as tulips and cheese. and tourists were ripped off all the time. prices have been rising steadily. Weed may be ‘legal’ in the do. PLEASE DON’T COME AGAIN Well. as I write this. . but we Cannabis use poses no threat whatsoever to society. then fight about it with the European Parliament later. the move will expand an already huge black market. He suggests the government should set aside a hundred thousand acres and start major cultivation. they will just have to buy off the street. tourists will potentially only be able to access the passes from their hotel reception or doormen.. Well. they realized it was an opportunity to do the same in Holland. Now. an unelected coalition of tight-assed racists and poker-faced deniers. tax paying resident. whether it’s good or bad. has put forth a proposal to bring Cannabis under the same law that governs tobacco. In order to get a pass you have to register your name. This is dangerous territory and infringes upon our human rights. but discriminatory and a denial of people’s rights. address and social security number. but not so harshly. but the government will not listen. They have decided they don’t want your dollars any more and the next time you visit Europe they’d prefer if you went elsewhere to smoke your dope. after all the ID checks. bringing in enough revenue to kick-start the economy. Amsterdam is a clean. who until now have been the bad guys with their relentless persecution of the Cannabis user. if France can come up with something positive. etc. Whereas the US system is run by medical practitioners. A Monsieur Valiant. private companies now deal with a large part of the busts. When the Minister of Justice was asked about the increase in street dealing that would follow such a move. The city of Amsterdam is against the plan and a number of other cities in Holland have also expressed doubts. It is believed the government All this is happening in a time when the French. This is sending us back to the ‘80s. ours will be run by the justice department and they will want everybody’s name and number. champagne corks are already popping. they would prefer a more liberal approach. but it doesn’t stop there. Meanwhile in the criminal world. They wished Cannabis didn’t exist. Today.
When did you first become aware of this problem with piracy? Before I had started my own business. you’re obviously selling seeds as if they were Serious’ – and he didn’t even bother to deny it. so we go very far with our customer service. They can make lawsuits and all the rest. So 80 Euros (ca. lots of times you will find what you get is not what you anticipated. So you can see that they take over good ideas. Lots of people are trying to parasitize on the popularity of certain names. Nobody else is doing it. such as Bubblegum and AK-47. So I called the shop. They pay for all those people who parasitize on them. The days of popping over to Amsterdam or asking a friend to send or bring some back are over. you’re making money while giving us a bad name. takes the whole back cover of the High Times for an advertisement. It is a lot of hassle to do it: checking numbers. We have a list of legit sites. Prada and branded cigarettes that are being faked and pirated. and now he was selling his own seeds as if they were Serious. People know that. let’s say. and I’m not here to advise other companies. People ‘buy’ something by credit card and never get anything. The idea usually is just to sell them and wash your hands [of it]. How much are pirates typically making on ripped off seeds? How much cheaper are generic seeds compared to branded AK-47 seeds from you? AK-47 is not the most expensive seed but it is certainly not a cheap one either. said ‘hey man. Serious Seeds is the only company as far as I know who individually number each seed package. and blah blah blah. is a haven for fly-by-night merchants. yep. It’s a widespread thing. It’s very widespread. So pirates have been there from the start – because it’s lucrative. it may sound like a trivial thing. The packaging was sort of mine. So the fact that nobody does it is already pointing in that direction. This is only because of this problem. The ‘Net. it’s not just Chanel. the Cannabis seed business is a victim of the ease with which ideas can be ripped off and copied. especially those who are not in the position of being able to browse real-life shops for their growing needs. old-school seed breeder extraordinaire and owner of Serious Seeds. I started to sell the seed tubes and now almost everybody is doing it. when you had Skunk and Northern Lights already and in Amsterdam there were shops with seeds with those names way cheaper than the original. and it filters back to me. If they’re lucky they get bogus seeds. But we have done it since Day One. Soft Secrets: You were talking about ripping off the names of weed strains. If you’re buying seeds off the Internet by name. but I don’t think it is. but not the full labeling. He’s been operating for a couple of years. especially the Spanish companies. Simon: Yes. According to him he wasn’t doing anything wrong. they come to buy our WHITE RUSSIAN IS ONE OF THE MANY LEGENDARY STRAINS CREATED BY SERIOUS SEEDS . Very little. We are also the only company that guarantees our seeds – to protect the customer. selling the seeds as if they are real. ‘No. His first line of argument was that he had to deal with possible complaints. basically. Basically: ‘What do you care? If they have complaints I have to face them. And with virtually no chance of them being caught. talked to the owner. So would you like to see or would you advise other companies to be as careful as Serious in documenting and labeling their varieties? Copying what you’re doing? You can see that the main interest of establishing companies is still making money. It has happened already that companies copy the packaging too. and we keep a database of that. fielding complaints. whose award-winning household names. especially when you are operating internationally. but in our business we are far more limited. cyber-squatters and pirates. which websites are not to be trusted? I have seen such sites. but not totally. I’ll give you an example of one case – Ontario Seed Bank. I don’t know exactly how other companies deal with complaints. SSUSA spoke to Simon. And that is interesting enough for pirates to want to copy. right to the last detail. I also get emails regularly from people ‘I bought these AK seeds from this shop – are they real?’ Sometimes they are and sometimes they’re not. But as with the rest of the ‘Net. I was a grower back then. They build pirate websites. There are also Black Lists too. sometimes not selling anything at all. and from the type of the complaint it was clear that these were not Serious Seeds they were getting. and we By Jules Marshall operate in a world that is not really protected like regular companies are. Are there independent websites where growers can discuss among themselves which seeds or sellers are legit. We guarantee this. Serious Seeds has a shop list of legitimate shops on its website which sell the real thing. $115) for 11 seeds. it’s written about in forums and so on. He had been selling our seeds for a while. If they buy seeds and they have a bad experience – even if they fucked up themselves – we give them new seeds. I’m getting complaints here and they’re not getting Serious Seeds from you. We want them to have a good experience with our seeds.14 INTERVIEW Pirates of the High Seeds The Internet has been a huge boon for growers around the world. He used to buy Serious Seeds from us. Its sort of ‘upper-middle class’. Growers are basically victims. it seems. are among the worst hit by this scurrilous activity.’ I said. OSB – a shop from Canada. and only if they’re really lucky do they get the real thing. but I don’t visit forums a lot so can’t say where for sure. although I can’t remember where I saw them. Today. People can ask whether shops not on the list are real or not. But at some point we got a couple of complaints very close to each other from their customers. The names and intellectual property of well-known quality weed strains are being increasingly ripped off too – but without the protection in law granted to legitimate businesses. they can call and check ‘is this a good one or not?’ It’s all to protect the end customer.
they just start selling seeds with somebody else’s name. But my concern is that the customer. They are offered seeds under these names and they buy them and sell them. I went along with the name changes by Nirvana. he’s doing it with other companies too. So what should growers do to safeguard their choice of seeds? Another thing you see is… Paradise Seeds contacted me – no I contacted them. while they are selling really dangerous drugs – except. then it’s OK by me. You have to look at all these things to boost your chance of success. so they don’t appreciate the problem. where you treat the marihuana industry like any other branch of the agricultural industry. Yes. Kaya 47. Sensi Seeds and so on. when he smokes alone or with friends some AK-47. you could put out inquires. but there is no danger of confusion with the original. Oké 47. because they pay the price. not your copies. so I think we have a responsibility to warn them. and at some point Wow. But when you see them all printed together it looks like they are all in the same league. If those two are matched. Nirvana promised they’d change the name. and after three months shut the whole business down and start a new thing. AK-47 as if it’s completely normal. That is also difficult: people who did not lift a finger to make seeds themselves – they have no clue how much time it takes. they agreed to stop using my names. variations on names is common throughout the industry. because they think it’s funny. look at the website of the company to see if it is a legit shop. So just pinching your names and sticking them on their own seeds? Yep. it’s back to the old Caveat Emptor – buyer beware. but in European courts they have a hard time not to burst out laughing. selling them under their own name. The coffeeshops that are buying them. GROWERS ARE BASICALLY VICTIMS. right next to my entry is an AK-48. Or so I hope. I found out a couple of months ago that nowadays… this business started with small seed companies. Several coffeeshops in Amsterdam are starting to sell seeds under their own name. White Label seeds and others but there are still a lot of companies selling AK-47 at some point. It’s all about money. don’t just go by the name. theirs are legal and ours is not. this issue. There are seeds called OK-57. but it is also good for the end customer. a Jack 47. There is. that he shouldn’t be confused with names that are the same or similar and he’s not getting what he wanted. which is fine. with complete documentation from seed to consumer. I guess one answer is to do something like they’re starting to set up in America. let alone internationally. they’re all bought from a big producer – and guess what? They started selling seeds which are originally Serious names: Bubblegum.’ He thought it was perfectly fine to do that. seeds. AK-47 is probably the most copied name in the business. Unlike the name of the seeds. It means when I pay for an ad in a booklet or guide or whatever. You have to stop immediately. Heineken was there or a cigarette company? I tell you what the difference is: we’re dealing with a very relaxed. and the rogue site is attracting attention away from the original site. then the chances of success are greater. It’s happening in Holland. and it’s not permitted to mention all the awards the strain has won. and they did: to AK-48! The best thing is to check which company has made the seeds. . Especially when all you can have printed is the name and flowering time. that’s one way. Nirvana started selling AK-47 until I spotted this at a Cannabis Cup a few years ago and said ‘What the AK-47 IS PROBABLY THE MOST COPIED NAME IN THE BUSINESS fuck is this? You’re using my name. Like I said. nonpoisonous product. there’s a lot to say about this subject. goes to the shop and asks for AK-47. but with the Internet it’s almost impossible. So now there are coffeeshops or grow shops and bars or whatever. AK-74. They’re even harder to track down.com. ultimately. Before they buy their seeds. they are not in the business and know no better. a couple of years ago. That’s how weird it can get. That is my main concern. Their website is called paradiseseeds. nl. But it’s very hard to find out who’s behind it. not really living up to the original. and is still doing it. They all seem like equals in the booklet but I see them as copies and in my opinion. My names are protected in Benelux. If something just reminds you of AK-47. maybe find out what was going on through your personal networks and had a bit more control. After my intervention they changed the name to something referring to or close to AK-47. All we can do is try to protect our interests and name as best we can. this is seldom copied. Armageddon 47 and Jack 47. To take part under those conditions is just degrading to the original and to my company.15 decides: that’s what I want. A company in Amsterdam – Spliff – just started selling Bubblegum. to name only a few. and you also find out what the packaging looks like. They look very similar but are not. So a customer has to not just look at the name but also look at the company who is producing it. I mean. From customers I know. Chronic – popular names. But what is the difference to this and if Mr. Olé 47. they don’t know enough about erate action against Serious Seeds. and are registered in Canada. I guess when the seeds business was mostly confined to Amsterdam or Holland. So you have to be on the lookout even here in Amsterdam. There have been cases and law suits about names already. Now it is all about big companies in Spain growing massive amounts of seeds and selling to everyone.’ Finally they understood my point. So there you have it. Also. to make them realize that this is going on. THEY PAY FOR ALL THOSE PEOPLE WHO PARASITIZE ON THEM. What you also see is people start a website and start selling seeds. Like that it is clear that they were derived from AK-47. but you have to pay a lot of money for such protection. They sell seeds of course. Luckily I found out right away. and someone else started a site called paradiseseeds. you don’t want to moan about it all the time. All copies of the original AK-47. and since it was not a delibAs a variant.
there is a huge amount of money to be made in plastics. and dangerous to work with in an industrial setting. the propensity for ‘aromatic stacking interactions’ gives the fiber incredible strength and consistency: this UNPROCESSED STATE (©CJP24) A DIAGRAM OF THE MOLECULAR STRUCTURE OF KEVLAR. Aramids are the class of highstrength. but the impetus needs to increase still further before we see universal uptake of sustainable technologies. we must find sustainable and environmentally acceptable alternatives soon. not all possibilities are being as explored as they should. in the form of Kevlar and other similar technologies. as well as heat-containing linings for aircraft. With time. The more publicity that we can bring to these innovative hemp researchers. materials and products. trees and soil. The new fiber had astonishing potential as a substitute for steel and more. they can be molded and remolded into shapes that will be retained when cooled) or thermosetting.HEMPTECH 17 by Kali Mist Bullet-proof: Plastics are everywhere. light material (to be used as a substitute for steel in racing tires) that researchers found that in a solution of concentrated sulfuric acid. Even the biggest global businesses are beginning to recognize the potential for bio-plastics. Furthermore. and research into further potential uses is picking up pace in many countries of the world. or organic plant-based resins to form a wholly ‘natural’ plastic. But there is only so much the planet can stand – and with plastic waste choking the oceans.e. Plastics formed in this way can be thermoplastic (i. walk on them. the ‘bast’ fibers of the hemp plant) is mixed with a resin. fly in them. drive in them. para-aramids have the best strength-to-weight ratio of them all. The latter type of plastics is formed at high temperatures. The resulting ultra-thin. meaning that it is an excellent insulator and can be used in fire-proof clothing. but more importantly. and further research was undertaken immediately. the monomers 1. eco-friendly ethics are becoming the safest choice for companies wishing to maintain their profit margins. we even use them as armor. but if reheated retain their characteristics and cannot be remolded. is the tendency for said polymer rings to respond to molecular forces during processing and grow in an even. advances in hemp plastic have meant that a wide selection of products is now available. highly heat-resistant synthetic polymers mostly developed for military and aerospace applications. Kevlar is also very stable in extremes of temperature – especially sub-zero levels – and has very low thermal conductivity. trees and soil. or poly(p-phenyleneterephtalamide). supplies inconsistent and public awareness minimal. acrylic and carbon fiber are common examples. There are now several grades of Kevlar on offer in the form of various papers. more and more sectors of industry will become aware of the advantages of hemp plastic. and it is much easier to slap a patent on a synthetic product than one based on plants growing abundantly in nature. such as unsaturated polyester. Some of them are capable of withstanding intense and proKevlar. weblike inter-molecular bonds between the polymer chains. we must find sustainable and environmentally acceptable alternatives soon. this produces a fiber. ultra-strong Kevlar fiber can be woven to produce textiles. But the small number of innovative organizations out there that are investing heavily into hemp research is slowly growing. Their characteristics depend on the resin used. There’s no escaping them in modern life – we wear them. and rapidly became seen as indispensable.4-phenylene-diamine and terephthaloyl chloride take on a polymerized liquid crystal form. around five times stronger than steel. and with consumer awareness at an all-time high. SHOWING THE INTERLINKED POLYMER RINGS (© BEN MILLS EPHEMERONIUM) “With plastic waste choking the oceans. the more we at SSUSA feel we are doing something to assist their efforts. Without a return to a vastly simpler existence. and are the best-known current application of body. so while it is possible to import hemp longed heat. KEVLAR HAS MANY USES – AS SEEN HERE WITH THESE FIRE-STICK WICKS. Even though the very first plastics were of organic origin. which was revolutionary in the world of polymer research at that time. there’s no way we can get rid of them any time soon.” Over the last decade or so. In the USA. where a reinforcing fiber (in this case. prices remain high. One More Way That Hemp Plastic Could Save Our Lives THE KEVLAR FIBER IN ITS However. all of which show remarkable resistance to tearing and cutting as well as to fire and heavy impacts. it was while attempting to develop a strong. the fiber used to provide strength and durability. (© PHIDAUEX) . cylindrical shape – somewhat like a stack of coins. brake linings and sporting equipment.and vehicle armor to cover ropes. When spun. These fibers. or layered with resin and thermoset to form composite plastics. yarns and fibers. However. Due to their versatile nature. as the multinationals have been demonstrating for years. which cause them to form ring-like structures. upon repeated heating. MAKING IT IDEAL FOR USES SUCH AS THIS SAILCLOTH. are usually created in the laboratory in the form of synthetic polymers – nylon. cables. mean- KEVLAR HAS A VERY HIGH TENSILE STRENGTH-TO-WEIGHT RATIO. when not sourced from organic materials (such as hemp or flax). that does not break in the way that nylon and other synthetic fibers do – due to strong. These have a number of uses extending beyond the original use in car tires. (© HENRY HEATLY) DUE TO ITS FIRE-PROOF NATURE. The most significant developments have arguably been in the field of composite plastics. is a synthetic ‘para-aramid’ polyamide fiber developed and patented by DuPont in 1965. synthetic plastics became the standard. Kevlar is generally expensive to produce due to the fact that concentrated sulfuric acid is costly. A further disadvantage is its low resistance to sunlight and tendency to degrade under UV light. severe impacts and exposure to extremely corrosive or harmful chemicals. due to a combination of inter-related factors – domestic hemp production remains illegal. and with every new piece of research a new incentive emerges for others to join in the movement.
and high durability (as well as an almost silk-like texture when woven into textiles). and maybe better. However. so as a sustainable option it is clearly favorable. can easily run into the hundreds or thousands of dollars.357 Magnum. and are likely channeling further capital into R & D. which increases its softness and suppleness. Hemp composites have been shown to be equally strong. IF NOT BETTER. hemp plastics offer a cheaper and more sustainable option. much research has gone into the field of thermosetting composites. At least one treated hempfiber product is already available. is not actively researching bullet-proof clothing themselves. packaging. While remarkably strong in itself. and in many cases stronger. such as those made from Kevlar. In at least one of its uses. the more necessary it seems to make them the norm – and fast! While most lovers of Cannabis have no desire to see the plant used for military or law-enforcement purposes. who offer a level II-A bulletproof men’s jacket. This discreet item has a fairly low protection rating due to the thin layer of polymer textile over the standard shell of the jacket. It would be most fitting if a hemp-based plastic could knock DuPont’s product off the top spot. silk itself was used in some of the earliest bullet-proof vests. which produces a toxic dust. Lower-cost alternatives for Kevlar are constantly being sought. In the automobile industry in general (but especially in Europe where there is a long tradition of hemp cultivation. more relaxed laws and a much cheaper and more consistent supply) hemp plastic and fiber products are increasingly known and used. seeking alternatives to these current standards is imperative. It is produced by washing the hemp fiber in a ‘patented enzymatic bath’. These jackets still represent a significant advance in hemp fiber research – and demonstrate major potential for the future. Many of these everyday plastics have a truly terrible environmental track record – they require lengthy. However. hazardous and often costly production processes. Hemp Hoodlamb. it’s only right that we actually give them a reason for hating. such as those from projectiles. is useful in extremes of temperature. and due to the thermo-regulating properties of hemp. The fact that the industry is worth so much money is in itself significant in that there is almost unlimited funding available from the top multinationals for research and development. and silk farming in general is often less than eco-friendly. as well as body armor and even powerboat hulls. tested with shots different areas of industry: construction. While clothing based upon hemp is still expensive. Therefore. the fiber demonstrates many of the necessary characteristics. “While it is possible to import hemp materials and products. sports equipment. are mostly non-biodegradable. The Kevlar fiber can also be woven into textiles. and the closer we look at natural composites. ironically. The silk of a particular Black Widow spider is even being fired from a Glock 9mm. The fiber can also be used as a basis for composite plastics. The fire-resistant nature of many hemp fibers and fiber composites also makes them particularly strong potential candidates for substitution of Kevlar when used for manufacture of protective clothing for firemen – and other fire-proof items such as fireeaters sticks. and thus are useful in manufacture of lightweight materials that can be used as automobile paneling (also for armored vehicles). (© JI-ELLE) used in US research into Kevlar alternatives. the raw hemp fibers can also be treated in various ways to alter the characteristics of the finished fiber. discreet items of clothing that are not apparently armored that demonstrates remarkable tensile strength. Crailar. it is competitive. replacing Kevlar with hemp composite plastic would reduce the cost by a factor of around fifteen.18 HEMP HOODLAMB’S BULLET-PROOF MEN’S JACKET (© GABE MCINTYRE) ing that additional protective measures are often needed. as it appears to be even stronger and lighter. even those based upon traditional plastics. Kevlar is used here. HEMP FIBER HAS A COMPARABLE. and hemp fiber technology still has a little catching up to do. as a more benign alternative to asbestos. in innumerable . so is obviously more suitable for an urban setting than for high-risk police work or warfare. than current industry standard materials – and not just Kevlar but also glass. There are countless different applications. prices remain high.22 and a . STRENGTH-TO-WEIGHT RATIO AND IS AN IDEAL SUBSTITUTE FOR KEVLAR IN MANY APPLICATIONS. and in this manner can be used to make lightweight. as well as comparing to or out-performing silk in many aspects. in brake pads. the silk vests tested so far have reached up to level III-A. such products are neither well-known nor widely-available.and carbonreinforced composites (which are currently used in pretty much everything you or I own). a reasonable level of protection against handguns for an urban or police application. fast-growing and (usually) cheap. Interestingly. Chrysler and Mercedes are all using hemp plastic as we speak. and is also being trialled in modern Thailand as a low-cost alternative to standard bulletproof clothing for police. Since their discovery in the 19th century. Although the company behind Crailar. the potential for hemp in such a massive sector of industry simply cannot be ignored. often ‘disposable’. But it seems that everything Kevlar can do. very good strength-to-weight ratio. as well as manufacture of weaponry and defensive items. Given the rabid hostility demonstrated by DuPont towards the innocent hemp plant since the 1930s. hemp can do just as well. Car companies such as Honda. and it is clear there is much still to be done before hemp products replace Kevlar and other environmentally-damaging plastics. Costs of such discreet bullet-proof clothing. These textiles are used in a wide variety of protective or industrial clothing due to their fire and chemical-resistant properties. Naturally Advanced Technologies. The Amsterdam company HempWorks has an in-house clothing label. Hemp is abundant. these spiders are rare. and it would be expected that costs will continue to fall as the industry continues to pick up pace. and are filling up landfills and the ocean everywhere one looks with harmful detritus that will never decompose. a . supplies inconsistent and public awareness minimal. who will be the next industry giant to take up the challenge of making hemp economically viable? Certain stalwarts of the plastics industry would do well to pay attention to the growing hype around hemp.” resistance and tensile strength ten times that of steel. However. Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology are even investigating the potential to create electricity-generating clothing by interweaving zinc oxide nanowires between the Kevlar fibers. The question now is. vehicles. fashion and jewelery. Hempreinforced plastics can have an impact but are capable of protecting against otherwise highly dangerous impacts.
20 MADE IN HOLLAND How to Feminize Cannabis: MAKE HER AN HONEST WOMAN THE PLANTS ARE TRIGGERED INTO FLOWER AND SPRAYED SEVERAL TIMES. AFTER A FEW WEEKS. Photos: DHSC THE FLOWERS/HERMIES BEGIN TO SHOW. SEEN HERE IN THE STRAWBERRY SOUR DIESEL. .
we lose our entire batch of seeds. we spray them a third time with a very heavy dosage. and to recreate something new every three months. the plants have fully-induced into flower. however. Basically. the best medium. they don’t have to maintain a library.” Genetics are not the only concern: the quality of a person’s grow room helps to insure either success or failure. Five to six days afterward (depending on the strain and the quickness of flower) we spray it again with about three-and-a-half to four liters of distilled water mixed with STS formula. It’s kept refrigerated. When we trigger them under 12 hours of light. And on that. was not the only reason. depending on what we’re doing and how big the plants are. too. then we spray them again – typically over six plants. They were generous enough to share their company secrets and explain how they got started. On that three-week period. make feminized seeds. we don’t want to have leaks and we don’t trust taps and stoppers and all that. and it’s all about timing. For this reason the DHSC attempts to produce their seeds carefully and in good conditions. Hermaphrodites Mixed-gender plants can ruin entire grow rooms.” The process “We select between four and six plants. we spray them while they’re in their dark period with a heavy dose of STS formula. We use 600w HPS “One 600w HPS is used over each meter. if you want to do refrigerated storage that’s your decision. the benefit is not having to keep a collection of mothers and clones – and constant storage. it works. but it isn’t recommended for us to do it because of the large volume we have. “Some of the genetics that we have aren’t suited to be feminized because they PRE-VEGGED FEMALE CLONES ARE INTRODUCED TO THE HERMAPHRODITE/SPRAYED PLANTS. and we take them into the room and introduce them to the hermaphrodite/sprayed plants. LATER. simple as that. It seems to be the most reliable. it just allows you to grow something once. we keep them at room temperature and when you get them it’s up to you to wake up the seeds. once we spray. When they’re sprayed. WELL-GROWN PLANTS WILL PRODUCE STRONG. five milliliters to every one liter of distilled water. and we grow typically between 12 and 20 plants in six. so I know why people who are just starting need feminized seeds: lack of space. So we’re trying to provide the market with what the demand is. dry. This will also affect the quality of seeds. providing everything that’s good for it: all of the best nutrients we can. VIABLE SEEDS. And even when we do test we still don’t know. Because copper is a required micronutrient. but we don’t do that because if we refrigerate them and there’s a power outage. and then we spray them again with the same dosage. we allow the hormones to trigger. out of all the thousands of seeds. which is fucking hard. For us. as a basic grow setup) with light leaks. Some argue that they’re the best thing to happen to both small growers and those with huge plots of land to cover. “As soon as we make seeds. that’s your choice as a customer. “From that point we take female clones that have already been pre-vegged. “The third reason: just because it was a new thing that everyone thought would “Then. “We’re not saying it’s 100% until we test. organic composts to allow it to naturally grow. That.” The testing process is mandatory for any seed producer wishing to survive in this industry. so we know 100% that they aren’t selected clones from a feminized plant (these are real mother plants with no [hermaphrodite] traits existent in them already). and the onset of flowering will begin. we introduced you to the Devil’s Harvest Seed Company. solid shell on your seed. seven days from that point.21 In issue #3 of SSUSA. We don’t use RO water because we don’t stay in these places too long. When the release of pollen occurs. Giving it everything we can. they grow them out and each grower will give us feedback.” While checking out a variety of feminization techniques. THE PRE-FLOWERING FEMALES ARE IMPREGNATED. Until they come up with a new invention we won’t use anything else. the STS method seems to be the most successful one in the industry. Outdoor growers get the benefit of maximized space. that we won’t cause hermaphrodites. we’ll use about four liters of distilled water (with STS formula mixed in). with spraying them and leaving them out exposed to 24 hours of light while they should be in flower. When you put them in storage for long periods you can put them in the fridge. the DHSC found that. “We also know from experience that it’s better to store them at room temperature in a cool. HEALTHY. So how do the DHSC combat hermaphroditism? “By selection of good clones that originally have been around here so long – long before feminized seeds – and they were grown from original genetics. and then we begin to see the onset of hermaphrodites starting to occur. with our feminized technique. . that’s how we do it. thus. why they do it and how their genetics are received Sativa Diva around the world. It just isn’t 100% safe for us. as seed producers. “through trial and error.” STS is a compound often found in photography labs. to give you a harder. it appears to be the favorite. In computer terms: garbage in. but it works. But you realize when growing with feminized that they don’t help you to develop your skills. HERMIES ARE REMOVED TO ALLOW THE FEMALES SPACE TO FINISH FLOWERING. others fear that they may be creating ‘zombie weed’ due to their unnatural origin. relatively new faces on the Amsterdam seed scene. inhibiting it causes ‘ethylene signaling’. to see if any will turn. we use what works. It’s about giving you really good seeds that will last long-term in storage. a soil and worm casting mix with good nutrients. it was the seemingly overnight demand for and rampant popularity of these ‘all-female’ seeds. The water in Amsterdam is really good anyway – I think if you look up tap waters around the world. It’s complicated. dark place. in another two weeks – so that would be five weeks of the hermaphrodite plants flowering – they release pollen. such as gender expression. and the new female plants that have just started their pre-flower accept that pollen and. rather than the same. we dry them out and we grow them in the pre-flower. but we provide it with some guanos and some of these basic.to eleven liter pots. lights. MAKING FEMINIZED SEEDS. we believe that if you want to store your seeds in the refrigerator for long-term. we stress them (in one room. Also. WHEN POLLEN IS RELEASED. new flavors every few months. LEDs just don’t work: this is seed production. and we take them from a vegetative state into the flowering cycle. Basically. for indoor growers. “Our seeds are stored at room temperature for preservation. the silver in which ‘locks out’ the copper in plants. then they’ve got traits in there that we don’t like to find. So what makes a seed company decide to take the leap into the feminized realm? For the DHSC. “I started with feminized in my early days of growing. we give them a 15-minute break period. So we hope from that. depending on the efforts of the grower. We provide them to certain growers to test. because we want to provide good seeds. if any one of them will produce a hermaphrodite. Then. If any do. and from talking to many people who make feminized seeds. which will repress certain traits. for three to five years if in an air-tight container. we give them all the stresses to cause an onset of hermaphroditism. CAREFUL SELECTION OF TRULY FEMALE CLONES WILL HELP TO GUARANTEE SUCCESS IN THE SEED-MAKING PROCESS. One half of the company explains: solve all their problems. it’s more about safety than anything. boring flavor for the next 12 months. We treat it as though we were flowering the weed. garbage out. We don’t do it for flavor. and they test them for us straight away. “We remove the STS-sprayed plants after seven weeks of flowering. So. “We’re using an organic mix. Why feminized? Feminized strains are a hot topic of debate in the Cannabis industry. We use grow tents. the DHSC explain how they utilize the STS method (Silver Thiosulfate) to produce feminized Cannabis genetics. Fifteen minute break. Amsterdam is known for having a really good source of tap water. In this issue. and we allow the female plants to finish their flowering period with plenty of breathing room. and we’ll use up to six liters of a mixed STS formula.
“It is definitely not good for our health. because that stuff. But we love doing what we do and that’s why we keep doing it. so we wear breathing masks and rubber gloves. they were coming up with all these sicknesses. Being an Amsterdam seed company helps to set us apart: ‘they’ are there. but it’s because of the popularity of the strain.com On Being A Dutch Seed Co. especially with all the genetic experimentation going on these days. They do more groundwork. they’re using those seeds to sell and telling you that they’re feminized. It’s all about safety. we do take precautions against things like that. it doesn’t mean it’s everyone’s flavor – we go with it. the major difference between some American growers and us in Europe is that they’re doing it legally and we’re doing it illegally. and goggles. If the spray gets on your hands.. rather than going for the hype of the new ones that are available now. After that we get to know the strains and how difficult they can be. we’re so new that we haven’t even found the region that is most popular for outdoor growing with our seeds. This is the guys standing next to the rocket launchers all day. they hope to change this soon. but the DHSC varieties are definitely recognizable around town. It doesn’t really matter to us about the yield or how it’s grown. even though we’re restricted with our resources here in Amsterdam. The silver that’s exposed.” That’s probably sound advice regarding much of the things one would find in a grow room.thedevilsharvestseeds. We’re also trying to get genetics from over there and bring them to people over here.22 do have hermaphrodite traits. It’s mainly based for indoor growing. “We need to go backwards to go forwards. We are looking into older generations. we’d be able to do it even better. as well as potentially contaminating your growing/flowering space. the better. However. it would only end for us. A willingness to pursue new customers in new regions also helps to keep growers interested. potentially causing the loss of the rent payment for months to come. THE DHSC ARE FEMINIZING ALL OF THEIR FAVORITE CLONES FROM THE SMOKE INDUSTRY IN A ‘PREGNANT’ FEMALE FLOWER AMSTERDAM. it’s the only way we can bring it to seed. They can do things there that we can’t over here. However. “Canadians kind of learned their old school growing from the Dutch. and the more interesting it can be. but other people doing it.” for us to do it here.to four weeks of drying. what does the future hold for DHSC? “A million dollars [big stoner laugh. So. this is where it started and this is where it ends. “We’re aiming towards America and Canada. the DHSC have one simple criterion: they select what they like to smoke.” ONE WOULD AVOID HAVING IN ONE’S GROW ROOM. But we’re also working on making S1 seeds with it. the seeds should be safe. beloved strains don’t become extinct. We’re currently researching into old-school genetics and old strains. the Canadian growing style is very similar to ours over here. more so than the European market. I think it’s too dangerous to give to people because we have sprayed it with silver. Even though you may think it’s legal in the Netherlands.” Photos by DHSC » www. “The DHSC is going fully-feminized this year. once they’ve dried out. who ended up with Veteran’s Disease. MALES AND HERMIES ARE PLANTS THAT “WE PROVIDE [OUR SEEDS] TO CERTAIN GROWERS TO TEST. but they’re not feminized. number one is the flavor. however be in the seeds any more. the DHSC enjoys a primarily European customer-base. interesting varieties in regular. we haven’t tested them in outdoor regions enough to know the results of where they are best suited. is something with a really good flavor. and they’re keeping the genetics alive much more than we are over here. AND THEY TEST THEM FOR US STRAIGHT AWAY.” Currently. or. The more of a challenge it becomes. That defines us: we’re restricted in such a way that some of America has more freedom than we do right now. You’re at no The company’s tendency to produce heavy-hitting. “When we find something that is ‘our’ flavor – and our flavor is our flavor. as the two remind us. Part of the key to their success is keeping an eye on the international market and understanding the differing needs of growers around the world. so the Army have records of people breathing this stuff in (the silver thiosulfate). They are really good lookingseeds. I don’t think it’s good for anyone. The DHSC warns: “It’s definitely dangerous to your own health. There’s no parentage left for it to breed any more. it can bleach your skin. No matter where So. In the future we aim to make [our seeds] available to North Americans as much as they’re making their strains available to us. the health concerns asso- way. despite knowing it’s a contaminated product? Not the DHSC: “I don’t use that stuff afterward.” When choosing strains for feminization. but due to legal reasons we cannot directly sell there at present. That’s what gets our interest going. and when you breathe it in. SUCH AS THIS SUPER SILVER HAZE. It’s not for amateurs and it’s definitely not to be left around for kids to play with. but that doesn’t mean that everyone in the industry is being so careful. The DHSC have proven that they can adapt to the ever-changing demands of the Cannabis industry. You have to remember that these are serious chemicals – you must be a licensed company to buy these chemicals.. “We’re crossing it with everything we have right now. Otherwise. it’s very difficult for us to resource everything.” . And again. it’s the same as in rocket launchers. The two explain that “the American market is still open to regular [non-feminized] seeds. ciated with the production of feminized seeds should be more worrying. We hope that the hermaphrodites are a very minimal problem.com » devilsharvestinfo@gmail. That’s a really good thing. A question that frequently arises when debating the matter is whether people or the plants themselves are harmed as a result. when the troops inhale it. AND THEY’RE KEEPING THE GENETICS ALIVE MUCH MORE THAN WE ARE OVER HERE are doing it just to make money and just spraying every plant. Typically. but we’re also going to make crosses of it to preserve the genetic.” Health concerns Hermaphrodites are one issue. So. “At the moment. You have to know what you’re doing.and feminized versions is no accident. and we’re trying to bring it to them. We have our genetics that North Americans crave for over there. we still provide as well as we possibly can. THEY GROW THEM OUT AND EACH GROWER WILL GIVE US FEEDBACK. “At the moment. It’s not legal THE NORTH AMERICANS ARE STILL INTO THE OLD WAY OF DOING IT. But it’s the production process that’s a dangerous step – there are dangers that just aren’t good for your health. However. What happens to the sprayed buds? Don’t many people secretly sell them off or smoke them any- risk at this stage. so we’re trying to bring every available clone that is popular in Amsterdam. We’re trying to do this as correctly and safely as possible. The ingestion of silver through smoking. We need to keep it going. it leaves rusty-colored spots on your skin that can stay there for a couple of days. it’s not and it’s in fact frowned upon – very hard for us to do. the more fun it is.” USUALLY. and release it with the feminized label. plus a full coverall suit.” After two.” Although they’re a relatively new company. he tells me to just print ‘$$$$$$$$’] Retirement! To keep developing and looking for new strains and to outsource strains in different countries. so we have to make S1s to keep the original genetic alive. The lads suggest keeping an eye out for their Shoreline. and we are here. “It won’t. The North Americans are still into the old way of weed goes in the world. If we had a legal way of doing it. The demand goes both ways. but I think it all comes back to Amsterdam.” It’s this kind of open market that will help to ensure that certain.. ‘cause it’s an original genetic. The older. But that can change very fast. they’re more legal in Canada than they are in the US. the exposure doesn’t end there.
most of us will develop cataracts. the sodium flare produced by these lights is similar to the ones that glass blowers make working with borosilicate. These lights were banned in the US in 2008 and will be in 2015 by the EU. so that you can see your future grow. if you spend a brief or extended time under the lights. now there are some crossover bulbs having more of each other’s spectra. protecting your eyes is important. These glasses. they also give off a good amount of ultra-violet (UV) radiation. These lights have a profound physiological and psychological effect from wavelength energy penetrating the skin and acting at the molecular level. giving off a light similar to sunshine. The light at this altitude contains a larger amount of UV-B rays. were developed a generation ago by Aura Lens and are distributed by great glass suppliers like ABR Imagery. The bright. Get some polarized lenses to reduce glare or a pair of rose-colored didymium glasses to see the true color of your plants as they flower in the warm light. Of this HID group. These different lights give off a diverse spectrum of visible and non-visible electromagnetic radiation. While these bulbs have faithfully lit our nights for over a hundred years. yellow-orange light is not damaging to the eyes unless you look right at it. These lights are known as High Intensity Discharge DIDYMIUM GLASSES HIGH PRESSURE SODIUM THROUGH DIDYMIUM GLASSES . visible and infrared spectra. There is no reason to speed up the process. If we live long enough. wait till the technology advances. These red spectra are what plants utilize for flowering. so they appear that color. two are most commonly used in growing: metal halide (MH) and high-pressure sodium (HPS). This eye-wear allows you to see the true color of your plants and spot nutrient issues several days before they would be obvious to naked eyes. lamps. as long as you are not staring directly at them – your blink reflex will limit your exposure as you work around them. or. Most LED lights are classed as ‘one’ or ‘two’ under the laser safety guide for maximum permissible exposure. comparable to fluorescents and are on their way to challenge HID supremacy.to eight millimeters in circumference. but they are better for small space and stealth room applications. Fluorescent bulbs are much more efficient than incandescent ones and are an excellent choice for growing. promotes chlorophyll production. LEDs can produce light across the ultraviolet. The fourth and final of the lighting groups is the Light Emitting Diodes. They have purplish-pink lenses and start at around thirty dollars. These tubes have a phosphor coating that emits visible light as electricity excites the mercury vapor contained inside. This basically means they are pretty safe. There are four major modern lighting groups. young or old. This changes how colors appear – and can even F. Even for supplemental lighting they are marginal at best. The third group creates light by an electric arc in short tubes filled with various gasses and mineral salts. commonly known as fluorescent. at the foothills of the Himalaya range. which become electrified into plasma. Luckily. Now I would say: make sure your purchase is from a reputable company. special clothing and eye protection ought to be worn around them. HIGH PRESSURE SODIUM LIGHT WASHES OUT COLORS.Red pose a health hazard to unprotected eyes. Too much of the red spectrum during this early growth phase can cause internodal stretching. Just like the sun. An eight-hour exposure would be equivalent to a minute under the mid-day sun. The only reasonable application for these lights would be using green ones for allowing you to work in a flowering room during its dark cycle. and are usually from three. at this point. These lights will either need to be turned off. Just as fluorescent bulbs are now available with increased UV-B radiation. Vegetate using full spectrum 6500K bulbs for the blue spectrum. The intensity of your lights/ lumens they produce also play a large factor in the penetration of your leaf canopy and density of the buds you produce. They produce light from tiny semiconductor chips. some growers feel that even though flowering under them does not produce the quantity. there is no worry of interrupting photo-periodic response. A mix of three or four 3000K for a nice red spectrum to one 6500K will provide a modest yet wonderful harvest of medicinal delight. but growing vegetatively under them will cause serious stretching. because they give off cancer causing UV-B rays. novice. and keep the lights within a few inches during their lifetime. but it can be uncomfortable and makes it impossible to see colors accurately. so be careful with how close these lights are to your plants. In a hydroponic system or in soil. and there have been several studies showing that THC levels in particular strains increased in direct correlation to UV-B light. At one time they were only available as such. HPS lights can produce large and delicious flowers. The reason some growers would choose a potentially dangerous light has to do with the historical origins of Cannabis in the Parvati Valley. Take care of yourself. called ‘didymium’. As these lights become more specialized the spectra available will increase. make sure you TURN THEM OFF when working around them. LEDs will be as well. in most. Much of the green light is not absorbed by plants. The second lighting groups are Low Intensity Discharge. with a lumen output that is small – compared to the wattage they consume. Some people believe that – with their power consumption up to half that of an HID and a much lower heat signature – not only do they compare. LEDs are. This THC production in the plants may be acting as a photo-protector (like melanin does in humans) dissipating the harmful rays. this few day heads-up could save your crop. as not all LED panels are equal. The first to be developed was the incandescent bulb. save your money. Didymium Glasses LIFE THROUGH ROSECOLORED LENSES Growing indoors requires various types of lights. the amount is trivial. This blue spectrum. All of these lights give off some serious heat energy. While these lights do produce ultraviolet radiation. imbedded in a plastic housing. Fluorescent bulbs can also be used for flowering as long as you do not grow the plants over two feet tall by completion. Three years ago I would have said. and there is eye-wear that eliminates those orange spectra. they have never been practical for flowering. The greater health concern is exposure for long periods under cool white fluorescents. or LEDs. Fortunately. MH is traditionally used for vegetation. Some people compare exposure to snow blindness.ADVANCED INDOOR GROWING The lighting you choose depends on your purpose. more than any other. Plants in a vegetative cycle thrive under a blue spectrum. full-spectrum lights help eliminate these concerns. UV lenses are available from clear to Limo. at the very least. Whether you are a professional. 23 Mercury vapor (MV) is last type of highpressure light used in growing. so wear sunglasses with UV protection whenever you are working around them. Wear the proper eye protection. the quality is greatly improved. If you decide to use mercury vapor lights for supplemental lighting.
Indicating how much change has occurred since then (for the worse). the phenomenon of ‘dropping out’ held less of the negative stigma that it does today. It was 1968. so she decided to pack everything up and leave the country. which allow each of us to find something of ourselves in the story.. She recalls that. actual stories of the place. That freedom was what drew Mila back to the spiritual center of Hinduism. deporting foreigners across the Belgian border.milasjourney. One of the most poignant moments is her return to a mountaintop oasis. In the ‘60s and ‘70s. Mila could juxtapose her book-learned education on Hinduism with carry ID at all times. love. acceptance and loss.” » www. yourself. the Pollinator Company and Hemp Hotel. I didn’t like that. in an homage to the familial-type bond that was forged between them during their three-month mountain trek.” Besides that. Nor is it the amazing shots of indigenous people. the proceeds of this documentary’s sales are earmarked for the education of his grandchildren. Upon her return to this verdant land. I was very lucky. I think. she’s been helping us all to make super-clean. which is debated as the first-ever ‘coffeeshop’ in Amsterdam. proprietor of the Hemp Hotel and Pollinator Company in Amsterdam. as it reminded them of the not-so-distant WWII. interesting and different world out there. Kink 22. with my arms as wide as I could stretch. then from Leh to Lamayuru. determined to capture the majesty and nature of the Himalayas and its people. their captivating footage presents a time capsule. which ultimately led Mila back Sativa Diva home to Amsterdam. in one short generation. about to embark. The magical place has succumbed to the temptations of the Western world. So the footage was cleaned and digitized. do or think. quick to share a beaming smile with the camera. Rinku Kalsy and Christina Jansen » www. it was back to Manali via Zanskar. high-grade hashish. in an attempt to reconnect with her 1970s guide. and the whole of nature was out there – totally – untouched by man. showing a part of the world formerly untouched by Western influence – a sparkling gem of nature and spirituality. The possibilities were limitless.anecdote-films.” This was an era in which the Dutch authorities were suddenly insisting that residents It is difficult to watch Mila’s Journey without being compelled to travel to India. family. Tired and suffering from the elevation. it is one that also has changed. RECENTLY CLEANED AND DIGITIZED. after learning about it through devouring philosophy texts in her publisher aunt’s French home. and unfortunately no longer exists. When you begin watching Mila’s Journey. has been long-considered one of the pioneers of the Cannabis movement in Europe. her voyage is an amazing experience to behold and it’s difficult not to get as excited about the trip as if you were.. and thus the time capsule has been cracked open. It would be a combination of this police harassment – as well as stories of “India live” that were recounted by the latest traveler to patronize her tea house – that would impel her to seek a life of less restriction. Freedom meant that anyone could go anywhere and do anything they wanted. The pair were on foot. that compel you to keep watching. Especially in the Netherlands. and is now the subject of a moving documentary in which you can pick your way carefully along the same path to her beloved India. due to being some of the first Westerners to pass through this rough terrain. She and Hans were lucky to obtain much of their footage. Tashi – a young Tibetan whom they had met in the Manali Bazaar. “Everything was controlled in the West. as well as having a peek into the history of a part of the world responsible for some of the most amazing hashish ever. (PHOTO: CHRISTINA JANSEN) . Viewers are lucky to steal a personal glimpse into someone’s sacred.. with Henk Koster (where she also acted in the film De Verloedering van de Swieps [The Whipping Cream Hero]..24 FILM REVIEW Mila points out a virtue of travel: “You can create a situation where there’s space for yourself. spiritual journey through such amazing lands. exploration. the film also represents a different time. It was 1976 and they were on a threemonth voyage. frosted with snow. and sometimes even encouraged to do so. alone or with friends and family. within the past five years the same measures were re-introduced in the Netherlands – and were met with little or no protest. MILA IS A FAMOUS FEMALE AT THE TOP OF THE CANNABIS INDUSTRY – WHAT SOME CALL “A MAN’S WORLD”. and they were about to hitchhike to India.com Anecdote Films Running Time: One hour Format: DVD Annie Perkins. In fact. naive to their own uniqueness. a move that incensed Dutch citizens. she encounters trash-filled rivers (once sacred). something magical starts to happen. It was the unfortunate event of Hans falling ill with cancer that brought the two back together: Mila realized that the film had remained without audience for over thirty years – including the filmmakers themselves. It’s not simply the rolling green hills or craggy mountaintops. You could go. The desire to experience India first-hand overwhelmed the wish to stay (and put up with the cops). You know about her products. re-connecting with the past is all the more important. quite a small country. Now you can see for yourself the experiences that helped to lead Mila to the top of the Cannabis industry. “But we never sold anything there. spirituality. One bad breakup was all it took – Mila’s half of the 8mm film reel was not to be reunited with that of her ex-husband until three decades later – the documentation of their pilgrimage through one of the world’s most spiritual landscapes.” she recalls. 1967). For this reason. For Mila. “we just shared!” After a few years of blissful tea-sharing. Mila’s Journey TAKE A TRIP WITH THE HASH QUEEN OF AMSTERDAM Mila Jansen. Whether you know Mila or not. THE ORIGINAL TREK WAS DOCUMENTED BY HANS SWART ON 8MM FILM. Mila’s Journey covers multiple visits to India and shows just a glimpse of that ethereal world. one that has been lost in the shuffle of modern progress. the decision to relocate was not difficult: “People were actively looking for other ways of living than how our parents did it. Since 1994. Finally.” The ability to travel was indeed lucky for her. but Mila and Hans pressed on. satellite dishes and MTV. which has drawn millions of pilgrims since that time. He had heard about her place (and the fact that hitchhikers could sleep upstairs) while traveling – in Afghanistan! For the first time ever. trekking from Manali all the way to Leh. It is really a special feeling to be back here again. I was as insignificant as a speck of sand. THEMSELVES FROM THE ‘70S AS SOUVENIRS. All of this against a stunning backdrop of re-discovered film. Weeks of walking and high altitude had taken their toll. It is perhaps these universal themes: freedom. After running an extremely successful tailored clothing boutique. as she needed a break from the Dutch Police. covering over 1500km (932 miles). at the time. where they encountered a visit from the Dalai Lama.com/milasjourney RE-CONNECTING WITH THE LOCAL MONKS – SOME RECEIVED PHOTOS OF LIVING FOR MONTHS IN ROUGH CONDITIONS CREATED A FAMILIAL BOND BETWEEN MILA AND TASHI. young people were excited about exploring the vast. Mila opened her own ‘tea house’. the Dutch police caught on and began raiding the spot weekly. “I’ve stood at several points.
which may be blended with other natural papers such as sugar and flax. but as it’s from the ubiquitous rolling paper giant we may see a rapid takeover here). To this end. and many will tear off excess paper prior to rolling. and not all are created equally. In this article SSUSA takes a closer look at the papers themselves. Production of hemp. burn by Kali Mist rate and immediate effect on the throat and chest. When the joint is rolled the unmoistened gum then becomes tucked under a single layer of paper. However. Some varieties advertise use of pure Acacia gum. but have been reported to cause greater oral and lung irritation. hemp papers are often thicker than rice papers and others. especially blunt wraps and colored varieties. therefore. rough incarnations first appeared. Pure Hemp papers are marketed as ultra-thin and additivefree. and in 1894 the company Zig-Zag had the brainwave of interleaving the papers (in a ‘zig-zag’ fashion). flavored. That said. This method ensures that the absolute minimum paper is used. although some are made from Esparto grass and wood pulp (which may contribute to lung-. Gummed papers came along in 1942 – another innovation by Rizla+. which is thought to be harmful if smoked. Ultra-thin. flax and other grassy fibers is far preferable – at least in environmental terms. may also contain potassium nitrate to aid even burning – this substance is linked to acute oral irritation and respiratory tract damage. but were still quite bulky by today’s standards. There are many products on the market that are advertized as containing no chlorine. a large and growing number of pot users smoke joints or blunts as a primary or supplementary consumption method. Generally. such as S. The Spanish manufacturer of Smoking. so for this reason we should be considerate of the papers we use. so it is not difficult to avoid as long as one is selective.D. as well as lung cancer. so this rule does not always hold true. or to make them longer-burning. Wood pulp papers are the worst environmentally. Competitors began to appear in the 1800s. If a paper is burned as a test. There has been much evolution since the original thick. Chlorine is highly toxic but calcium carbonate releases only CO2 when combusted and may. Rolling papers are an integral part of every joint. and the excess can then be torn off along the gum line (see photo). It would seem that the bulk of any lung damage incurred through smoking joints is the fault of combustion of weed and sometimes tobacco at high temperatures. when Napoleon began to order in bulk for his overseas troops. they are often made to be chlorine-free and unbleached. aerated – the list goes on and on. translucent papers have been around for a while and seem to have gained a majority in the market. IT IS SURPRISING HOW MUCH A SLIGHT DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PAPERS WILL AFFECT THE FINISHED JOINT (chalk) may also be used. the thinner the better. Bambu and many other wellknown brands was convicted in 2006 of substituting such materials for the usual hemp and linen in an effort to cut costs. and such papers can safely be avoided as there are many others out there that pass the test. The gum THE SELECTION OF ROLLING PAPERS AVAILABLE IS ASTOUNDING. The first cigarette papers were produced in 1660 by the French company Lacroix (later to become Rizla+). in order to experience the flavor of the Cannabis in as unadulterated a manner as possible. many hemp papers now produced match their competitors in terms of thickness. as the Acacia gum (gum arabic) that is commonly used as an adhesive contains glycerin. The idea when rolling a good joint is to always use as little paper as necessary. in terms of taste. They had been conceived of over a century prior to this. but for true aficionados and those who wish to be extra careful there are non-gummed papers available. although many are bleached must be moistened through this outer layer of paper. they require some HOW TO MAKE A EUROPEAN-STYLE ‘BACK-ROLLED’ JOINT . make when selecting your preferred paper? Most papers are made from hemp. The thinnest papers are made from rice. However. a good. Many papers. and also score poorly in terms of trace chemicals that may pose a risk to human health. with the rise of global Cannabis culture. Thicker papers not only make a fasterburning joint with a harsher taste. Furthermore. flax or rice. as are Hempire and Raw Organic Hemp papers – also claimed to be vegan! Unbleached rice papers are huge in their own right – the two main brands are Raw (who make rice papers as well as the hemp variety) and Smoking Brown (a newer introduction. Others will tear off the gummed strip itself. Bleaches such as chlorine or calcium carbonate and may contain additives that increase strength while maintaining low weight. seasoned joint rollers have developed techniques to minimize paper usage. when it comes to papers. but production was not to seriously take off until 1796. The more expert will ‘back-roll’: the paper is turned inside-out so that the gum is on the outside facing the roller. Made from very sheer rice paper. the ash it produces should be very small in quantity and a uniform light gray color. But which choice should you. Nowadays. chemicals may be added to the papers during the production process in order to make the paper lighter. Modiano’s elegant range of regular and 1½-sized papers. It is possible to source additive-free papers. and as their supporters are usually among the more health-savvy. It wasn’t until 1977 that king-size papers began to be marketed (again by Rizla+).26 Rolling Papers IT’S NOT JUST WHAT’S INSIDE THAT COUNTS Although the most common way to ingest Cannabis in the USA is through the use of a bong or pipe. so it is to be hoped that they and other companies are now offering more considered products. we should always try to minimize the severity of the risk we undertake when we use Cannabis. and therefore to be selective about choice of paper is pointless. Their ‘fine’ weight papers appeared in 1799. Colored. finer and stronger. transparent. the range of papers available is staggering. thin rice paper with little or no added chemicals should burn smoothly and consistently. lip. it is surprising how much a slight difference between papers will affect the finished joint. Dark ash suggests that the paper may contain contaminants. the joint smoker. and it is wellworth investing a few hours (and a few ruined papers!) to master the intricacies. present a safer choice.and larynx cancer). clean. Thin papers burn more slowly – another plus for most smokers. Beyond the choice of base material.
However. Glamorized in countless hip-hop songs. Although glycerin is also present in the gummed strip of ordinary papers. that we wish for greater transparency (pardon the pun) regarding what’s in the papers and that we will reject those that are found to be unhealthy. and they are not difficult to obtain wherever you reside. but they are not alone in claiming this distinction. it is thought to be in too small of an amount to pose a risk. Fans cite a cooler. and the taste. a cheap cigar can be split and re-rolled with the same result. as they are reported to contain around 14% glycerin (to increase the suppleness and smoothness of the cellulose) which. their use is not widespread and is more as a novelty. the rumors have contributed to some decline in popularity. UNBLEACHED HEMP AND RICE PAPERS OFFERED BY MANY COMPANIES TODAY SEEMS TO PRESENT THE SAFEST CHOICE menthol. THE WIDE VARIETY OF NATURAL. as long as you have the ability to order online or a good head shop within traveling distance. A simple online search for additive-free. slower burn with little tendency to ‘canoe’ or burn irregularly. They are sold as being 100% cellulose and better for health than traditional papers. it stands to reason that we don’t want it in our papers. are very popular indeed. Rolling blunts also encourages greater weed consumption as more is packed in. and despite maintaining a presence in head shops nationwide. and it is true that they burn very cleanly. As none of us want chemicals in our pot. Colored and flavored papers deserve a mention. Colored papers also are increasingly viewed as a pointless and perhaps harmful complication. Others say they go out quickly. that it is now possible to find some really great papers out there. This substance. ostensibly in a drive to reduce teen smoking. a topical anesthetic that encourages smokers to inhale extra deeply. but also with a nod to certain perceived inherent health hazards. on the other hand.27 sus seems to be that instead of adding to the flavor. citing the negative impact on their image from the strong association that blunt wraps have with smoking Cannabis. They are based on wood pulp (from eucalyptus trees) which relies upon heavy A JOINT MADE WITH A TRANSPARENT EUCALYPTUS CELLOPHANE ‘PAPER’ and some users have mentioned irritation of the throat after use. Fans point to the burn test as demonstrating their superior properties. blunt wraps are wholly or mostly composed of tobacco. Aside from the risks of harmful additives. Cloves release eugenol. but very rewarding. the likes of which would have been unseen ten years ago. for many young stoners it is the method of choice. Cigar companies back these campaigns. and all the associated risks remain. thereby exposing a greater surface area of the lung to smoke damage. however. but this seemed to diminish before long as the novelty wore off. unbleached hemp and rice papers offered by many companies today seems to present the safest choice for pot smokers. So many advances have been made to decrease the weight of the paper. and sensation of smoking ‘plastic’ is unpleasant (although this could be more attributable to hardto-shake preconceptions as they have a mildly sweet taste without the acridity one would expect from plastic). The FDA in 2009 banned clove cigarettes and other flavored cigarettes and papers (except chemical processing to release its pure cellulose. with some branding it ‘ridiculous’. for some reason). However. when combusted. The wide variety of natural. The consenresults. FLAVORED ROLLING PAPERS AND BLUNT WRAPS WERE RECENTLY BANNED BY THE FDA. Transparent cellophane papers have sparked some controversy since their introduction a few years ago (although a transparent paper was apparently produced as early as the 1970s. The link between teenage smoking and blunt wraps is so pernicious that several states have this year instigated motions to ban their sale – although in January 2011. Illinois House reps rejected the Senate-approved motion there. the clearer the message sent to manufacturers: that we are conscious of what we put into our bodies. and nowadays the range is very wide. . UNREFINED HEMP AND RICE ROLLING PAPERS practice to master and can be expensive. There is very little information available that gives insight into what other additives are used in flavored papers and what the effect may be when smoked. Rizla+ introduced menthol and strawberry flavors in 1906. At first their use increased rapidly. manufacturers of such papers seem to be very reluctant to disclose these important details. while avoiding chemical additives. A SELECTION OF UNBLEACHED. so the trend is unlikely to die out completely. unbleached hemp or rice papers yields impressive A WIDE SELECTION OF DYED PAPERS IS AVAILABLE. Research suggests that levels of acrolein released by smoking with transparent papers is negligible. either. which is not only wasteful but unnecessary and potentially harmful. as even some gummed papers have similar properties. and many outlets have stopped selling flavored blunts and may soon follow by stopping sale of unflavored wraps too. produces acrolein. but many question this. also known as propenol. The more of us that support the trend for natural rolling products. is a pulmonary irritant that may be extremely harmful to health and has been implicated as a factor in the development of MS (as it may cause damage to myelin nerve sheaths). smell. it was brittle and difficult to work with). BUT MAY CONTAIN HAZARDOUS ADDITIVES. A US Bureau of Customs and Border Protection ruling from 2008 defined them as drug paraphernalia. most of these papers in fact detract from the taste of what you are smoking. Blunt wraps. Many of the flavorings are artificial food additives that are not intended for smoking purposes.
it wound up naming itself. I was still labeling with codes for specific traits. but other than a slight citrus. they won’t exist in following generations. Using this father. Meanwhile I’d be smoking each of the pairs. it’s easier to track one father with several mothers than the other way around. they had names that were more for record keeping than ease of use. studied botany in college. If a line showed promise or had a trait I liked. After careful consideration of my options. On the father’s side: The White Rhino male’s sisters were very potent. so accurate information was much more difficult to come by than it is today. but the name stuck. plus once I had seeds. I had grown up on a dairy farm. If I had paired the two most potent. For example. if the father has dropped an important trait. and gave the excess to friends. I just wanted to smoke it. and I’d ask them their opinion afterward. and made a lot of different crosses. My friends would ask to load up a bowl of whatever was in ‘Grubbycup’s Stash’. As I used to say. I may have gotten potent offspring. The biggest threat to any marijuana garden walks on two legs. That would become a lot easier to do once seed banks became more common. I didn’t want to sell weed. however. it wouldn’t matter which of the four was paired with the others.’ Which doesn’t exactly trip off the tongue. so it was my only source of personal smoke. Over the years my growing and harvesting techniques improved. I didn’t want anyone not in my circle by Grubbycup to know I knew anything about weed. we were more concerned with just having enough to smoke and not all that picky about how good it was. To create a starting pool of genetics. since no money would be changing hands. I found better seeds to grow. it might show up again in some form. The Blueberry mother had a very nice flavor. The mothers: The Blackberry male’s sisters had a berry flavor. The buds I grew were harsh. the group to declare early. They were also better than a lot of what my friends were used to smoking. I hoped to start to accumulate the genes needed for a potent. Besides. and had always enjoyed gardening. both the Blackberry and Blueberry were used in the final selection. and I didn’t want to deal with finding someone to buy it from. For example. Growing marijuana came very naturally to me. I learned a few things. uncured and of very ‘iffy’ parentage. but they are set and finite. My first grows were all from friends’ bag seeds. When breeding. The breeding project had taken over my entire garden at the time. I smoked most of what I grew. The Purple Lady mother had an amazing kick and a very interesting floral flavor. In selecting the father. It takes the same effort to grow average genetics as it does to grow superior genetics. Since these were all experimental plants. the generation may have to be repeated. The first thing I learned is that I wanted to smoke more of it. and to be fair. I didn’t want to buy weed. As time went on. Once the two lines were crossed. I was going to breed my own. the trick is in getting the seeds for superior genetics in the first place. didn’t have the fruity-flowery sort of flavor I had in mind. which was an abbreviation for ‘Northern Lights crossed with Big Bud and the result crossed with Blue Mystic and the result of that crossed with a Durban Poison that had been crossed with a Blueberry and then had been crossed with a Blackberry. nicely-flavored variety. Although information about marijuana-specific breeding was scarce. but often had something worth trying in it. Genes may be hidden. growing it myself seemed the safest choice. even if I wasn’t working with different cultivars anymore. and the quality of what I smoked improved. I’d bring my latest test buds to share. It was during this time that Grubbycup’s Stash got its name.ADVANCED INDOOR GROWING 29 IT STARTED BECAUSE I WANTED TO SMOKE CANNABIS THAT I REALLY LIKED Breeding Grubbycup’s Stash When I first started smoking weed. (The same basic principles apply. finally I settled on a White Rhino x Blueberry father crossed with a couple of different Purple Lady x Blackberry mothers. broken off of bricks (or very expensive). I looked for the most robust and best flowering out of “THE WAR ON DRUGS HAS FAILED!” 5 “ONE MORE WAY THAT HEMP PLASTIC COULD SAVE OUR LIVES” 17 “HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS” 20 . I tried a lot of different cultivars. ‘I don’t mix greens’. whether breeding pea plants or Cannabis plants. Shortly thereafter. One drawback to this method is that it creates a bottleneck. but similar to the Blueberry. If the genes don’t exist in the starting pool. I wanted flavor as well in each of the crosses. I wouldn’t need to involve anyone else. This was in the 1980s. information on genetics and for breeding plants in general was much easier to come by. and pre-Internet. I pollinated several mothers. one promising candidate was: ‘(nl x bb) x bm) x (d x blueb) x black) #2’. and I didn’t want to buy it. Anytime I’d join a circle with friends. is collecting the original pool of genetics to start selecting from. but didn’t have the plant structure I wanted and was a bit cranky to grow. By matching potent plants with nicelyflavored plants. second plant in the set. the greens in question being Cannabis and cash.) I also decided that if I was going to grow my own. I didn’t name it. it was all Grubbycup’s Stash. I didn’t want to spend the money. Everything in my stash was labeled with an almost unpronounceable code. I came to the conclusion that it was too expensive. make sure that you select from plants that have traits similar to what you want in your final line. The pairs were selected by what I thought would be give me the best smoke while I worked on combining all four cultivars. which was often seeded Mexican brown. they didn’t have the sort of plant structure I was looking for. The first step in starting a breeding program.
and so is the bud as it goes through the curing process. but the GS-C. seeds from the best smoke can be selected and seeds from only average buds can GS 3 MALES TEND TO HAVE THREE LEAVES PER be disregarded. some of these were kept. The process continued as much more of the same. It was my intention to use only the best between the two lines. This method is commonly used by corporate vegetable seed breeders.30 the gene pool. it succeeds. Eventually the best of the two lines were merged. after all. the GS Gol indicates it has 1) Even if you don’t learn the math or the science behind it.ancestry. Clear and accurate labels are a must. if you just keep breeding your best male to your best female (and don’t add new genetics into the mix) you are off to a good start.only for breeding toward. I’m who I bred it for. and how to use them to make educated predictions. GRUBBYCUP’S STASH I kept working with the White Rhino x Blueberry until potency and flavor regularly showed in the same plant. The goal of the breed is to be my favorite and to that end. Advice for those interested in trying home breeding: GS MALE NAMED ‘GOLIATH’ THIS GS 3 PRODUCED FOUR LEAVES PER NODE. love and puka shells. but for breedlots did not produce specimens better rated and more stable than the plant ing against. GS-C. The standard for the breed includes a a GS male that was named ‘Goliath’ in its One grow was dedicated to each of the nice initial effect. but with time and patience you can produce noticeable changes and put your own mark on the weed you smoke. GS-B. and that information can be used to extinguish unwanted traits. people just tended to say ‘Grubbycup’s Stash’ or ‘GS’. The reason types of notes are so important is not with GS-B. Peace. Each growing container is labeled. New traits have surfaced as recessive genes found matching recessive genes. In a large-scale operation one option would be to grow very large numbers of the seeds and make selections from hundreds. The Blackberry x Purple Lady mother was easier to select. Any plant that displays an structure is that they are traits that are undesirable trait can be eliminated from than the GS-A and GS-B mothers. For example. cross the best plants regardless of generation. THE LABELS ARE INFORMATIVE. them is the heart of any good breeding program. but it can be done. and today have many more traits in common. if not thousands of plants. and did the same with the Blackberry x Purple Lady. NODE. Any plant showing a superior example of a trait was marked as part of the label. GS-D and GS-E that the effect and flavor are higher. or I find something I like better. GS-B had superior flavor and structure. You don’t have to become an expert. More bags with codes: this is why COULD BE A METHOD OF EARLY SEXING. This way. Personal label machines can help if poor handwriting is a hindrance. However. Over time.and recessive genes work. IF THE labeled GS-A. People bred both plants and animals using this principle for hundreds. However. OR TWO AT THE CENTER. but GS-A developed to be the more potent of the two. to good effect. since I could taste test the buds off of clones to select the best ones for seeding. Each container of weed lists the exact plant that it was harvested from. GS 3 has parents that displayed five mothers. It is not a fast process. grow plants from different generations together. smooth clean flavor. It is a work in process. you will likely have learned how to deal with it. but that trait holds a lower priority to quality of smoke. regardless of what generation they are. Seeds are collected and labeled. ALTHOUGH INFREQUENTLY FEMALE THE LEAVES ON THIS GS 3 The seeds from the five mothers were PLANTS HAVE DEVELOPED THE TRAIT. if not thousands of years. distinctive floral/bou. Marijuana is not particularly sensitive to inbred depression. Record keeping becomes absolutely critical. Anyone interested in breeding is heartily encouraged to learn about it. and each stem at harvest. 2) Learn the basic principles of Mendelian genetics. and it’s going to continue to be a work in process until inbred depression sets in. grown in groups. 3) To benefit from cubing. As with all traits. As a result. IT MALE HAVE AN EXTRA FINGER GS-E. GS-D and TRAIT WERE TO BECOME CONSISTENT. GS-A and GS-B were grown as two separate cultivars and did not cross-pollinate for several generations. etc. That isn’t to say that they aren’t also bred for bud size. This process was repeated structure and plant structure. the plants became similar to each other. and making educated attempts to adjust and recombine AN EARLY GS 3 MALE THE LABEL MEANS THAT IT’S FROM THE LAST GROUP OF ORIGINAL SEEDS. all you really need to know to make use of the principle is that you should grow out multiple generations at the same time and cross the best plants together. but I can grow pretty much any strain I want and Grubbycup’s Stash still makes up most of what I put in my pipe. AND ITS MOTHER HAD SUPERIOR COLOR. and by the time you have enough generations under your belt to worry about it. bud node). The best of GS-A was cloned quet garni aroma. some ignored. it is also possible to breed using much smaller numbers of plants. some discarded. whorled phyllotaxy (3 or more leaves per and grown again with the GS-B lot for potent long lasting ‘creeper’ stone. Part of the reason that these comparison. IF NOT STYLISH. Grubbycup . AND USED FOR BREEDING the most important to me as a smoker. The key is being able to match each bowlful of final product to its seeds and parentage. the other would produce a superior specimen. There is a technique known as ‘cubing’ that is very useful to stabilizing a genetic line. A few buds of each plant grown are seeded. I’m okay with showing a little favoritism to it though. I would never claim it to be any better than anyone else’s work. just learn how dominant. I felt confident that I had a White Rhino x Blueberry male that had a good chance of contributing desirable traits to the Blackberry x Purple Lady line. Both lines were bred using the same criteria in parallel. The tracking of traits. Whenever I would get close to deciding in favor of one. isolating and recombining.
including some tasty treats by last year’s medal winners Bliss Edibles.nl » firstname.lastname@example.org THE SECOND HIGH TIMES MEDICAL CANNABIS CUP TO BE HELD IN SAN FRANCISCO. DEMONSTRATING THE USE OF A In sharp contrast.SHOP REVIEW NL / FESTIVALS & COMPETITIONS 31 Sativa Diva The Pollinator Company The Pollinator Co. The Pollinator Co. and a wide variety of marijuana-related products. but with a festive atmosphere. the shop is perhaps most famous for three mandatory pieces of hash making equipment: the Pollinator dry sieve machines. San Francisco by Grubbycup As the laws surrounding Cannabis and medical marijuana in California become more reasonable. with a range of glass-. Danny Danko. Regardless of its legal status. your one-stop-shop for all things esoteric. each seeming to make a bigger claim than the last. is. To give the organizers credit. videos and magazines. psychedelic clothes and a full range of posters. loud music played in the background. sizes and colors – all brought together over a common interest in marijuana. in Amsterdam enjoys legendary status: Mila. from wallets to cosmetics. browse the cactus garden or visit the hallucinogenic plants and flowers in the back of the shop. Vendors sold pipes. vaporizers. Upstairs had a nice mellow area. ice-water extracted resin products. I even renewed my California patient identification card at one of the booths. The venue was larger. if this year’s event was any indication. nor is it a head shop. The main floor of the indoor area was busy. quite simply. Ice-o-lator bags for water extraction and the latest addition to the family. it was obvious that while there were plenty of 20-somethings in attendance. which made for a very relaxing place to visit after making a circuit in the 215 patient area. This year the High Times Medical Cannabis Cup in San Francisco even had a nearby billboard. Located on a picturesque canal near Amsterdam’s famous Waterlooplein market. is responsible for revolutionizing Dutch hash by starting a craze for clean. and the senior cultivation editor of High Times. It was nice to see that promise kept. Amsterdam. rugs and tables set in the center. Handcrafted wares by artists were sold next to slick commercial products. Additional merchandise includes items for your meditation space. including author Jorge Cervantes. Nieuwe Herengracht 25 1011 RL. The Results: Hybrid 1st Place: 2nd Place: 3rd Place: OG Kush (D & M Compassion Center) Star Dawg (Buds & Roses) The Pure (Leonard Moore Co-Operative) Indica 1st Place: Boggle Gum (Harborside Health Center) 2nd Place: The True OG (Elemental Wellness Center) 3rd Place: 7 Star Pure Kush (7 Stars Holistic Healing Center) Sativa 1st Place: Bay 11 (Granddaddy Purple Collective) 2nd Place: Alpha Blue (OrganiCann) 3rd Place: Sonoma Coma (Happy Lil’ Trees) . Marijuana was sold and sampled. Activism. love and puka shells. CA WAS HELD AT THE CONCOURSE EXHIBITION CENTER High Times Medical Cannabis Cup. NL » www. and it was wall-to-wall with people. MAINSTREAM ENOUGH FOR A BILLBOARD A HAZE WAFTED OVER THE CROWD. Grubbycup AUTHOR JORGE CERVANTES HEMP WICK TO LIGHT A BONG. bongs. and had a better layout as well. activist and entrepreneur. A visible haze rose above the crowd like a fog. next time they will need more room. smoking accessories and related products are featured. At last year’s awards ceremony High Times magazine’s executive editor Dan Skye promised they would improve the process for this year’s show. at least in the smoking section outside.and natural substances available. the 2011 entry was both quick and painless in comparison. enigmatic herbs. proprietor. mushrooms or cacti to accessing your spiritual side through mindaltering substances. Seminars and panels were held by Cannabis celebrities and experts. The Pollinator Co. plants and advice are all available. good health and enlightenment are common themes throughout the shop and its products. Attendees were of all shapes. At the end of the show on Sunday night. is a staple for locals and a beloved destination for returning tourists and Cannabis connoisseurs. Harborside’s Steve DeAngelo. there were plenty of 30. Oversized joints were passed around. Several booths were rented by LED companies. Of course. Mila’s shop is not a grow shop. In addition to the hash extractors for which the company is famous. Hemp is also heavily featured. Last year when I attended the HTMCC the line to enter the event was nightmarish. Ice-o-lator and Bubbleator machines. the winners were announced to much fanfare and cheering. Credit card grinders and a staggering variety of ways to consume were available to eager shoppers. Established in the winter of 1994.pollinator. Edible samples were handed out. It also appeared to have a lot more attendees. the 215 patient area had a very nightclub/party atmosphere. wooden. INTERNATIONAL CANNABIS Peace. Check out the website for virtual demonstrations of and ordering information for the Pollinator. the shop is loaded with books ranging from how to grow a variety of plants. making the Pollinator Co. the Bubbleator all-in-one system. unlike any other spot in the industry. Artwork lined the walls.to 70-somethings as well. the Pollinator Co. Seeds. After you’ve chosen the correct texts and accessories. its use becomes more mainstream and normal.
wherever there is a new company producing quality items. Seed stock exists in massive quantities. Many smaller breeders are unable to network fully with potential customers due International Seed Market: A GROWING COLLABORATION In the first two issues of Soft Secrets USA. time and time again. Their efforts to represent as many seed companies as possible and stock the greatest variety of quality strains show exactly why The Attitude has made it to the top spot – and they’re showing no signs of slowing down! The team has that special something in that they always seek to be where other seed banks have not even thought of venturing yet. we introduced The Attitude Seed Bank and discussed the recent history of the seed industry. interesting and unique strains are thankfully not in shortage. including parts of Europe. To conclude our three-part series. enough to keep customers happy for years to come. These heirloom genetics. most of the original and still most significant seed companies were founded during this period there. Now that the legal Cannabis industry is expanding globally and many collectors are seeking to complete their personal catalog. But the staff are not complacent – they are determined to continue their quest to provide quality strains globally. Established five years ago. Providing reliable information is extremely important to the Attitude. such as promotional videos and representation at major international events. This is where The Attitude comes in. with the rise of the Internet seeing relevant websites springing up every day. the community has had increasing opportunities to transfer information between countries. and customers can be sure that their queries will be dealt with in a prompt and supportive manner. you can rest assured that the vaults at The Attitude also contain a vast array of seeds from all places and from all points in time – from the early 1980s up until now. It’s important for a serious collector to preserve a wide selection of varieties for the future. representing more than ninety seed companies in the effort to bring their customers throughout the world the widest – and best – choice of Cannabis seeds and strains. The sheer choice one encounters when browsing the vast lists of products is enough to delight and possibly bewilder even the most choosy and specific of us. and it’s important work – keeping strains alive and stable in nature is hard enough in a perfect world. The guys at The Attitude take great care to meet with breeders and discuss individual strains in order to give the best and most accurate information to the customer. Although Cannabis itself is found all over the world. rapid advances in techniques (along with the explosion in new varieties that we’ve seen in recent years) has meant that strains are also in grave danger of being lost. If new strains are unstable. and are hard at work sourcing new companies to work with every day. which can demand a huge amount of time and dedication. we’ll take a closer look at the changing nature of the international seed market. the spread is assisted by the efforts of The Attitude. and other companies like it. However. as even with careful management it is possible to lose a whole lineage. due to the vagaries of genetics. The Attitude also have the chance to really explore what’s out there. In the vaults of The Attitude Seed Bank. It’s simply not possible to preserve every strain out there. we should not forget the many years of research and development that our European cousins have put into breeding viable strains. By their constant presence at conventions. Without the efforts of the seed banks. and what the future may hold Kali Mist for The Attitude and other companies like it. are even more important in a time of new grows in Europe being more difficult to complete. stable seed stock to avoid strains disappearing – and so that experts sibly decades. the Netherlands has been a focal point for many years due to the importance of the industry there. and sufficient stabilization of new strains often is in jeopardy. and despite all our knowledge of genetics. we cannot entirely predict what will happen in the future to a certain strain. but it must be noted that the information that is provided cannot concern topics that . Seed banks are also highly important gateways for other breeders and seed companies to become part of the wider network: many of the smaller companies are limited in budget and the opportunities for publicity that The Attitude team offers. wherever possible it is important to keep a full inventory of present-day. and a quick glance through the online catalog will demonstrate how effectively they have covered the whole spectrum. who offer a range that runs into the thousands. As telecommunications and exchange of goods and services have expanded. Now that the focus of the Cannabis industry is moving towards the Americas. are vital. bringing never-before-seen products from all corners of the globe. and are definitely unsuited to breed further strains (until they have undergone a lengthy process of crossing and back-crossing to fix desired traits into the genome). Although their customers are sure to receive high quality. they give varied and potentially unsatisfactory results. not just in the Netherlands but also in countries. with the Netherlands as a base for their activities. particularly focusing on Europe and the Americas. The Attitude wants to know about it. This ability to exchange ideas and techniques is the backbone of the international Cannabis seed industry. innovation is always rewarded. many of which will remain viable in seed form (when properly stored) for years and posto the intensive nature of their operations. such as Spain and Europe. but The Attitude is doing a very good job of attempting it. healthy parents for innumerable new strains. Therefore. are important in that they have always attempted to provide a good selection of seeds from breeders all over the world – and Over many decades the great breeders worked at creating the varieties we now have. Yet the valuable heirloom stock safely stored at The Attitude alone could provide stable. and without it The Attitude could not have THE ATTITUDE IS AN AWARD-WINNING SEED BANK. fresh products and the widest possible selection of new strains. many genetics would have been lost forever – some have been lost already. can continue to create strong new ones. naturally seek the best and most appropriate setting and methods of operation. despite such endeavors. providing diverse brands perfect for the requirements of thousands of collectors across the world. times will always change and industries in a free market will THE ATTITUDE TEAM maintaining biodiversity by seeking out interesting and unique strains is one of the most important things the collector can do to ensure the future of these genetics.SEED BANKS 33 achieved the massive success they currently enjoy. However. The team has worked closely with major European breeders for years to provide the connoisseur collectors among us with a steady selection of original genetics. As with any crop that is selectively bred by people. The Attitude has grown at an explosive rate to become the largest seed bank in the world today. The Attitude.
which boasts semi-arid plains. it’s back to work – there are more breeders out there to meet and represent. they will enjoy a myriad of stable feminized and auto-flowering strains that current collectors can only now imagine. Turkey and Albania. TWO INVALUABLE STAFF MEMBERS NATALIA WITH RAKAA FROM DILATED PEOPLES THE WINNER OF B-DAY PROMOTION. There are vast swathes of undeveloped land where few venture: the remote valleys of alpine Switzerland. and signs that small seed companies may be emerging are apparent. THE ATTITUDE HAS GROWN AT AN EXPLOSIVE RATE In this way many names that would never normally make it into the spotlight have become popular and well-loved in the global community. IN AMSTERDAM WITH THE GUYS FROM THE GREENHOUSE . by representing all the major players – as well as a plethora of smaller and lesser-known organizations. auto-flowering genetics to the status of being worthy of consideration by the most serious collectors. you can be sure that The Attitude team has it waiting for you and is ready to dispatch your order. It is crucially important for organizations such as The Attitude to continue hundred-plus! With every new addition bringing their contribution of fresh quality strains to the market. the team expects that as techniques and exchange of information continues to improve through the community. allows for a range of adapted varieties to be developed.and hybrid genetics. and the contribution of such people is therefore highly important. and new ones are being added all the time. with global renown. so have those same small companies grown to become the most progress is any indicator. as without it none of our indooradapted hybrids would ever have been conceived of in the first place. is allowing for the creation and preservation of amazing strains that deserve a place in any connoisseur’s library. and improvements to techniques cannot benefit the community as a whole. The Attitude is also committed to continuing their work of seeking out a wide range of sources. The continent encompasses a massive diversity of climate zones. which reaches subtropical conditions in the Canary Islands. prompt and efficient as always! NATALIA AND JODIE. the key to a healthy industry. and is proud to represent the talented and professional organizations that are behind this vital research. From humble beginnings. it’s going to be difficult not to spend hours scouring the pages of The Attitude’s online catalog to find that special something to round off your collection. or the hostile steppes of eastern Europe – where monoecious hemp and autoflowering ruderalis thrive. repufamous out there. mountains and two very different maritime climates on the north and south coasts. such as Spain. While the major Dutch companies are still a force to be reckoned with. Auto-flowering hybrids are improving and are increasingly popular among the customers of The Attitude. linking several continents. possession and cultivation of small amounts of Cannabis is now legal. the strains of the future will be spectacular – as far removed from the strains of today as ours are from the varieties of the 1970s and 1980s.34 may encourage customers to contravene local law. and a great range of altitudes – sometimes even within one country. The Attitude team have seen firsthand the diversity that the continent has to offer. Whether Cup-winner. As for The Attitude team. The next generation can only benefit from our efforts to strengthen the gene pool: if current PROVIDING RELIABLE INFORMATION IS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT TO THE ATTITUDE customers will find seed companies from many countries represented within their catalog. and as the seeds of industry were sown by initially small and unknown companies. International collaboration is. and have been attracting much attention over the last few years with some amazing sativa. It’s taken many years – decades. But as long as companies like The Attitude provide their efficient service to the planet. It stands to reason that any one of the new and unknown companies of today could be the next big thing. Over the next few years. breeding programs have elevated some table Spanish seed companies are also now appearing. Without it. Much of temperate Europe is ideal for developing great varieties that will flourish in similar conditions elsewhere. in fact – for the seed business to reach its current status as a serious and profitable concern. During their work in Europe. and always has been. future research cannot happen. The Attitude Seed Bank is looking forward to a long and exciting role within this revolutionary movement. infamous cult classic or new and undiscovered gem. That’s why The Attitude works their global efforts to provide Cannabis seeds for storage or for legal cultivation. The diversity of climate. The network that exists. we can be sure that high quality seeds will be available worldwide for collectors. In the Czech Republic. The Attitude supports such legal enterprises: so hard to get out there and talk to the countless organizations that now exist. wherever they may be. the sunny pastures of southern Mediterranean countries such as Greece. and by next year the list is expected to grow from ninety to a ESTABLISHED FIVE YEARS AGO.
Those traveling to Australia often passed through Singapore. as there was less security – and when Afghani hash was not available there was always Manali or Kashmir. lighter hash. the next step was the route. However not all of them had the ethics of the Cannabis smuggler. with its oil industry. The owner of the bags picked them up from the stunned driver and left in another taxi before the police showed up. Access was usually through a screw-off bottom. A double-tank set had real potential. so it was well-worth locating. although I’m sure it’s not the case today. but for that you needed paperwork. After a week on the beach it was time to think about the final leg home. Jacques Before the dreadful events of 9/11 it was common to travel by air with all kinds of sports equipment. One group of crazies operating on balls and stupidity used to fly out of landlocked Peshawar (in northern Pakistan) and there’s not so much as a puddle for hundreds of miles. Air India flights had virtually no searches for first class passengers and a huge baggage allowance thrown in. IT BECAME POSSIBLE FOR SPORT DIVERS TO TRAVEL THE WORLD AND DIVE WHEREVER THEY LIKED. arriving on a Sunday morning when staff levels were low and multiple flights were also arriving from innocent destinations. Some didn’t bother with such niceties. Should customs have a look. IT ALSO OPENED UP NEW POSSIBILITIES FOR THE SMUGGLER. When things did run to plan. At one point there were hundreds of ‘divers’ traveling the world with loaded tanks. many a board stuffed with marijuana made it through. by the time they were finally reunited with their owner a month later. Hippie surfers were synonymous with marijuana use. for example finding out the search schedules. Others just relied on timing. In Nairobi. When the bags reached shoulder height they just kept going and took him straight through a plate-glass window and down a flight of stairs. The surf board was a longtime favorite of the hippie smuggler. In fact. but this was a period when officialdom didn’t seem to realize that tanks could carry more than air.36 SMUGGLER’S TALES WHEN JACQUES COUSTEAU INVENTED THE AQUALUNG REGULATOR. The real stuff also fetched double the price. so you needed a reason to travel. On this particular occasion a driver had grabbed a couple of diving bags off the belt and started to swing them onto his shoulder. FATHER OF THE AQUALUNG A WEEK ON THE BEACH: NOT A BAD WAY TO SPEND A ‘BUSINESS TRIP’ ‘BANJOS’ OF AFGHANI HASHISH WERE PASSED AROUND FILLED WITH AIR OR HASH? . That took balls. but it was the real Afghani hash that people wanted. 165lbs. Some groups would employ runners who’d never been near the source country to make the last part of the journey. Many just traveled through the airport on combination of luck and guts. this kind of smuggling required physical fitness – a double set with suit and fins weighed around seventy five kilos (ca. where they executed hash smugglers. but there was nothing he could do about it. Thanks. and it wasn’t until they reached their hotel that they discovered the switch. There was a case of an airline putting the bags on the wrong flight.) Imagine carrying that with a bounce in your step. Bags sometimes went missing. it was routine. Having loaded the equipment. was a popular transit point. as he’d already loaded them into his taxi. but they still did it. maybe ten. One group traveling from India transited through Nairobi. which in this day and age is a rather disturbing thought. It didn’t always go as planned. Africa was the popular transit point on the route to Europe. some even changed passports en route to disguise where they’d come from. which was hidden under the rubber boot. the method was also unfortunately used to transport hard drugs. COUSTEAU. Professionals would use a small internal compressed air tank containing just enough to give a convincing phssst should customs open the valve. but it was the diving tank that had the real potential. With Pakistan’s neighbor at war it was much easier operating out of India. In Pakistan bribery was often the way to get bags on a plane without a search. They loaded identical bags with bricks and placed them on the same flight. airport accomplices picked up the real bags before the actual owners had cleared immigration. a tank covered in sand and seaweed usually did the trick. but tanks alone were not enough. the luggage would just arrive on the carousel and you’d have to fight a taxi driver to get your bags back. but divers were a different breed by O’Riodon altogether. a popular route because of its lack of baggage controls on entering the country. back then the discovery was gold. Back in Amsterdam the circular plaques of black border hash were christened ‘banjos’. Most used the cover of professional oil rig divers. A twelve liter tank could carry almost thirteen kilos of Afghani hashish. Filling the tanks was also a problem as there’s not much sport diving in Pakistan. A WET SUIT AND A COUPLE OF TANKS WERE ALL THAT WAS NEEDED. they’d been around the world. The Emirates. India was a victim of its own class system. Most would travel to a neutral nation before attempting to enter their destination country. Most used intelligence to beat the controls. but first you had to get out of the source country. With the introduction of the aluminum tank the perfect smuggling tool was created. Due to lax airport searches. One group even stole the bags off another while in transit and got away with it. Unfortunately. despite the fact that if you were caught they’d lock you away for years. The trick was to pick up the thirty-five kilo bag off of the belt as if it weighed nothing. lack of exotic hashish is one of them. Halfway through the movement he felt the momentum of the seventy-five kilo weight. terrorism has changed many things in the world. It only required some simple milling equipment to reduce a twenty-five kilo tank down to twelve.
It is also believed that the original Greek strains may well have been influenced by some of the by Kali Mist purest African sativas.100 AD when the advancing Mongol armies invaded Asia AN EXAMPLE OF A LOCAL SATIVA FROM A KALAMATA GROWER ©KALI MIST MUCH OF THE PELOPONNESE REGION IS CHARACTERIZED BY LOW-LYING. Panama Red was the name given to the bushy red cultivar that ultimately emerged: reportedly of an airier structure and lighter color than its predecessor. its massive importance as a trafficking route has meant that local criminal gangs have turned their attention to cocaine. when intensively farmed. It can grow up to 15 feet tall and can yield up to five pounds per plant when well-tended. Cannabis has followed soon after. In Panama. But if you ever find yourself there and you have a trusted connection to help you navigate your way around the tricky politics of local weed cultivation. and in the intervening centuries since their introduction various landraces have evolved. WELL-DRAINED PASTURE LAND. which then interbred with the local sativas of the time. and in the recent past Panamanian Cannabis was widely available. The flavor is reported to range from citrus to woody. THE RUGGED AND REMOTE TROPICAL TERRAIN PROVIDES PLENTY OF OPPORTUNITY FOR COVERT GROWS. growers who still manage to finish a crop are increasingly choosing quicker-flowering Skunk varieties. further compounding the problem. The hilly terrain and numerous small islands provide many opportunities for covert growing. cultivation began in earnest when growers brought seeds (thought to be mostly of the Colombian Red cultivar) to the country from Colombia in defiance of the harsh crackdown on drug production there. In Crete there is a fair amount of cultivation to this day – attitudes towards mainland Greek policy are hostile and many Cretans are prepared to defy the law of the land. when land is cleared for intensive coca production. and Cannabis has lessened in importance as an export in recent years. Local growers also often selectively breed for desired characteristics. Alongside (and arguably due to) police crackdowns. Although much of this learning has been lost to the general populace through increasingly harsh domestic drug policy. clear sativa high – as opposed to the stupefying narcotic effect of the Colombian Red. due to police crackdowns on outdoor grows and excessively harsh penalties. as well as some Thai and Cambodian. must have yielded genetics from many sources. the single most profitable strain may be exhausted while others are allowed to die off.ENDANGERED STRAIN GUIDE 37 Minor. in other locales production has been sidelined in favor of the more profitable coca plant. be sure to find the last few remaining guys who grow it and beg for a seed sample. but it seems that unless undiscovered communities exist out there in the rugged Panamanian hills and islands. second city of the Peloponnese (a region on the south coast of mainland Greece that enjoys a very pleasant climate). In much of Central America. and is apparently now unavailable. and represents a significant percentage of overall narcotics trafficking. if not millennia. quicker-flowering. High-quality local cultivars that were widely available in the 1980s are now almost impossible to find. existing populations are depleted and phenotypes lost. Also. and as with so many of the exceptional landraces out there. and with a racy. and a flowering time of around 14 weeks – very similar in description to many African landrace genetics. was a compact sativa with some indica characteristics – similar to other Eastern Mediterranean strains still in existence (such as those found in Lebanon and Egypt). The wideranging explorations of the Greeks in their golden era. with long. or the ability of a plant to change its genetic structure in response to environmental pressures. and we can possibly trace its lineage back to East Asia around 1. Kalamata Greece has a long history of cultivating Cannabis – mostly sativa varieties that could be selected for fiber and seed as well as to produce higher-THC cultivars. Kalamata is high in THC with an intense. and its prominence as a destination for sailors from all corners of the globe. long-flowering tropical sativas. Many of the secrets of Cannabis that are only now becoming common knowledge to us were known thousands of years ago to the ancient Greeks. higher-yielding plant. as well as those from Asia. Both extremes can affect the gene pool. of course. however. a handful of lineages were able to flourish up until recent times. led to eradication of Cannabis fields throughout the region. Panama’s near-equatorial latitude and forgiving climate allows for the harvest of very pure. The ‘War on Drugs’ has. ©DIRKVDM . One that does apparently remain (albeit in massively reduced quantities) is a strain developed and made famous over many generations in and around Kalamata. Conversely. the Red is now truly a lost strain. Wild or escaped communities now exist on every continent save Antarctica. as well as a reddish coloration to the leaves and flowers themselves. They brought their own Cannabis genetics. Kalamata has virtually disappeared off the map as a producer of this unique sativa. and low-quality weed from Albania. fitter examples evolve or are introduced. selection pressures have acted against it as cultivators prefer a more robust. ‘Phenotypic plasticity’. is very apparent in the Cannabis genus. As with many disappearing landraces and cultivars. Kalamata pot is a closely guarded secret and examples are exceptionally rare. the pot-smoking population relies heavily upon imported hash from Morocco or Spain. racy effect. commonly crossed with White Widow or Skunk to enable successful indoor grows. and are introducing hybrids that are flourishing in the benevolent climate – and rapidly gaining dominance. On the mainland itself. It is sativa. compact flowers that may have a rosy or reddish coloration. The Red first appeared – and rapidly achieved fame – in the ‘60s and ‘70s. This enables rapid localized adaptation. It is likely that the prevalent phenotype for centuries. It exhibits long red hairs on the flowers. Unfortunately this means that a particular phenotype can become insufficiently suited to its surroundings as conditions change by Kali Mist and newer. In some places Cannabis is intensively cultivated. It is still available from seed banks in hybrid form. ©ULRICHSTILL Panama Red Wherever humans have gone. while little coca is actually grown in Panama. leading to highly morphologically-distinct Cannabis populations worldwide. and it is suggested that the species can therefore survive significant climate change and – is indeed already responding to ongoing changes. the ravages of the cocaine trade have left an indelible mark on Cannabis cultivation.
An advantage LED lamps have over fluorescent lamps is the ability to project specific wavelengths (colors) of light. Four seeds were put in to sprout on December 17th. The third trial successfully completed from seed to harvest without incident. the plant appeared to be a miniaturized version of a much larger plant. For use in stealth cabinets or in a location where heat is an issue. and the learning curve on use was steeper than it appeared. The lower waste heat of the LEDs could be useful in conditions where excess waste heat is a problem. The plants were grown in perlite with small plastic pots as containers. then that energy is wasted. LEDs have come a long way since they first hit the market. they perform better than HPS or fluorescent technologies. Prototypes of LED grow lights disappointed a lot of early adopters. ballast. Bud development started very slow. Gender declared itself as normal (being feminized. and the plant was very bushy. Compared to the GPDs from other tests. The spacing of the branches was still very short. a positive and a negative. The individual diodes are usually one to five watts each. but may be more appropriate if these factors are not a concern. and at least in theory. . The self-contained unit is heavy for its size. or didn’t work well. I can confidently say that it is possible to grow good weed under a well-designed LED light. and being mostly solid-state.and three-watt LEDs from the Netherlands. they produce light. and has a very pleasant exhale. blue and violet bands.7 OUNCES (75 GRAMS). water moved through the plant at a slower rate than I am used to. LEDs create about the same amount of light per watt as fluorescent lighting. Dinafem’s Critical Jack seeds were used. it declared female). It runs much cooler than HID lighting. My experience so far with LEDs has shown them to be unforgiving of errors. smooth with a hint of bite. Peace. The first units arrived on the scene with a lot of hype and a high price tag. Lighting was switched to 12 hours on/12 hours off at 130 days from seed. To ensure that the plants were from quality genetics. The plant finished in 55 days (just under 8 weeks).7 ounce (20 grams) of nice smoke. at current market prices. which is why the plant appears green. The LED unit runs much cooler than traditional lighting. It seems well built. and as such I would not recommend them as a good choice for novice growers. A higher percentage of the energy spent is converted into light that the plants can use. or 10 x 3w diodes. watt for watt. The smoke is sweet tasting. would require more electricity to use. TWELVE DAYS FROM SEED THE CRITICAL JACK FROSTED NICELY. A fluorescent lamp will use its power to broadcast light in many colors. The 1000w light would generate a lot more waste heat. but not as well as a 400w HID. Overall. Trial one ended prematurely due to low temperature issues. it is not an inexpensive unit to purchase: retail price runs in the same ballpark as a budget HID magnetic coil 1000w. but was easy to set up in a small space. The testing took more trials than expected. However. to ensure the plants did not suffer due to crowding. Chlorophyll uses light with wavelengths primarily from the red. and early growth was compact and vigorous. love and puka shells. so initial cost may be an important consideration.7 ounces (75 grams) which trimmed and dried to . and as a result the plants suffered from the cool temperatures in the space. When current is applied from positive to negative. energy is not spent on creating green light. It delivers a nicely potent hit. The Critical Jack has a woody aroma with subtle notes of lemon. Grubbycup DAY 81: THE LED PLANTS ARE SHORT AND DENSE DAY 172: BUDS WITH TIGHT FLORAL CLUSTERS THIS 104W LED UNIT WAS THE ONE USED IN THE TRIAL. For example. Wet weight was 2. However. they either didn’t work. they are worth taking a look at – if the cost of purchasing the unit doesn’t break the budget. and would add the expense of bulb replacement. bud development was very tight. but picked up dramatically in the last couple of weeks. blue and violet lamps. but when using LEDs over soil. Internode length was shorter. should last longer without needing bulb or part replacements.108. I have no doubt that a 400w LED array could easily outperform a 400w HID light. and final harvest was 20 grams for a GPD (grams per day) of . but it was also small for its age. and leaves a nice warm afterglow. they use small doped semiconductors to emit light. bulb and socket. is more shock resistant than glass lamps. Since I used perlite as a growing medium. During mid flowering. and foliage was denser than my experiences with HPS or fluorescent lighting. The unit I tested is a commercial 104w combination of one. DAY 28: THE PLANT WAS MOVED INTO NORMAL LIGHTING FOR THIS PHOTO. Plant transpiration under the unit was reduced. Start to finish it took 185 days. They sprouted normally. but I was curious if the advances in technology had advanced to the point where they were a viable alternative to HIDs and fluorescents. Calculating the GPD for each harvest will allow a gardener to compare the success of grows even if the number of days taken for each is different. DAY 185: LEDS CAN FLOWER. and as a result. This includes spending some energy on producing green light. the 104w LED unit performed better than a 250w HID. in an indoor vented closet. and nutrient uptake problems. due to a combination of complications from having the light too close to the canopy. Green light is reflected back away from the plant. if green light is not used by the plant. overwatering wasn’t an issue. and that. three of the plants were removed.38 ADVANCED INDOOR GROWING LED Trial with Critical Jack LIGHT EMITTING DIODES LEDS ARE USED TO TAKE A PLANT FROM SEED TO BUD Light emitting diodes are electroluminescent. be careful of over-watering. 400w of LED array is substantially more expensive than 400w of HID lighting. FRESH CUT WEIGHT WAS 2. a single 30w LED light might be manufactured from 30 x 1w by Grubbycup diodes. with several wired together to make a single light fixture. so by using red. However. They have two leads. LEDs are made to emit specific wavelengths. Today’s units still come with the hype and the price. Trial two also ended prematurely.
if the males are cut just before the flowers mature and begin to release polvery select crops – and hash containing male pollen is said to be yellowish and lower in strength and overall quality. by the time you next have to cut down your males you may be looking forward to it! A FLOWERING MALE HEMP PLANT SHOWING ABUNDANT POLLEN PRODUCTION ©ERIK FENDERSSON 2006 TRADITIONALLY.39 Male Cannabis: LET’S HEAR IT FOR THE BOYS! For most growers. Having males and females is an integral part of the Cannabis plant’s nature – just as it is for humans – and maintaining unnatural reproductive cycles for many generations is impossible without great effort. stronger female fibers were used for ropes. So perhaps. Through history.to good quality. Apart from the world of breeding highpotency Cannabis. the stalk and foliage may be treated in various ways to extract the psychoactive compounds. The plant matter is ground up as small as possible. Yes. ©RAYELA ART 2008 . some indoor growers of highpotency strains have attempted to make ice-o-lator from males. clothing and bedding. The method to produce butter from males is identical to that for females. It is said that males make good oil – when extracted by soaking the plant matter in high-quality ethanol – and it is possible that this is the best use for your grow room or greenhouse males. Feminized seed crops must be treated repeatedly with colloidal silver or gibberellic acid to prevent normal flowering. CLOTHING AND BEDDING has thinner stalks. When attempting any of the above methods. Male hemp grows 10-15% taller than female. Various males must be allowed to pollinate identical groups of female clones to ascertain which male produces the most viable offspring. Although levels are low compared with female plants. or an eighth of ice-o-lator or oil – who knows. sacking and canvas. without their pollen. weavers have used the earlier-harvested male fiber to make fine linen-style items such as towels. Some enthusiasts claim the products they create are comparable to or even better than those produced from female plants. The dioecious nature of Cannabis and the different uses for male and female hemp were recorded as early as 221 BC in an early Chinese dictionary.and A MALE SUPER SILVER HAZE PLANT IN FULL FLOWER – PART OF A BREEDING PROGRAM ©RIKVA 2009 were world-famous. The archaic English word ‘fimble’ (from the old Dutch femeel) specifically refers to the male hemp plant and male hemp fiber. remember that a higher quantity of male plant matter will be needed than for female plant extraction. strong males are prized by breeders. It’s a terrible feeling staring at a bunch of males. The coarser. weeks before your girls will be ready. the male of the species deserves a special place in the annals of botanical history. When selecting males for breeding. and this article will tell you a little about them. die and are harvested for fiber. allowing pollination to occur and seeds to develop within the flower as it grows. But male plants do have their uses. and their properties have been long-studied. and rapid maturation rate. by Kali Mist In the drug Cannabis industry. Don’t throw them away – try making a batch of brownies. Any alternative to simply throwing them in the trash has got to be worth considering. knowing that they must be removed from the grow straightaway and that all the care and attention you’ve lavished upon them up to now was wasted. the female’s flower period. Some. Therefore THC production has already peaked by this point. A good. Console yourself with the thought that you’ve actually got some usable THC. It is impossible to create and stabilize a new variety without doing it the old-fashioned way (breeding males with females). However. and stirred into melted butter (or a mixture of butter and water to prevent burning) with reportedly good results. MALE HEMP FIBER WAS USED TO MAKE FINE ITEMS LIKE THIS LINEN-STYLE CUSHION. The females then ripen and are harvested for seed and fiber. The male matures much faster than the female: it is already producing pollen and is ready to die in the initial few weeks of len. Scent and floral structure may be discernible from male plants also. but at some point male pollen should be introduced and new seeds grown as the genetic begins to weaken. Male plants mature faster than females. but the effect a male’s genes will have on the overall look and potency of his daughters can only be known by growing out the progeny to maturity. WEAVERS HAVE USED THE EARLIER-HARVESTED MALE FIBER TO MAKE FINE LINEN-STYLE ITEMS SUCH AS TOWELS. newlyformed male flower basking in the glow of your expensive HPS lights. the first sign a plant shows of being male is their cue to rip it up and dispose of it – but is there any use for the males besides causing your precious females to be ruined by seed growth? Unless you are a breeder. It is improbable that good results would be yielded from most methods of hash-making. They are obviously vital for seed production as. you’ve probably never thought much about it. the observable traits that are most desirable are low hermaphroditism. you’ll be a little more forgiving when you next find yourself staring at a tiny. vigor. oil – or butter for cooking. female plants can be cloned for many generations. and strains of cultivated monoecious hemp must be re-developed from parent stock every few generations to prevent reversion to the normal dioecious growth.900 years before Western botanists ‘discovered’ sex in plants – also by studying male Cannabis! For this reason alone. as THC levels are so low: in many traditional hash-making communities (such as Morocco) males are not separated from females – except for THROUGH HISTORY. But their fibers are also prized. and some have reported producing hash of medium. new healthy generations cannot emerge. armed with these facts. In a greenhouse or indoor grow room. male plants have a very important place in hemp farming. the fiber is finer but lower in tensile strength. around 1. either in the form of hash. such as the almost silk-like fabrics manufactured by some Italian weavers. On the other hand. release pollen. stable father can be the basis for hundreds of successful crosses. male specimens of psychoactive Cannabis strains do contain varying amounts of THC and other cannabinoids. good height (neither too short nor too tall).
My grandmother even commented on how nice it was that I had a priest for a friend. unaware of the experience yet to come. the director of the bank dropped by to pay his respects. All about the place the people were starting to turn green. When somebody walked past carrying a large piece. the next surprise. so we put it all in. The cake tasted so good. Numb and in shock. a shout announced somebody had found the remainder of the cake. I was beginning to realize just how strong it was.’ Even in my inebriated state. The guy I was talking to suddenly lay down on the floor and then got up again as if nothing had happened. Playing with them on the floor were my wife’s teenage nieces. My new in-laws had just discovered the cloakroom was full of hairy people smokIT’S ALWAYS NICE TO HAVE A ‘PRIEST’ IN ATTENDANCE! ing weed. This was a chapter out of William Burroughs and I was not enjoying it. and that’s where their mother found them. I have to confess in my younger. It was downhill from there on THEY DROPPED LIKE FLIES . I disappeared with it into the kitchen and locked the door. It was at that point the cake arrived. one of my more lecherous musician friends had turned up dressed as a priest and many of the older guests thought he was legit. To add to the weirdness. but there’s a darker side to eating Cannabis – the surprise effect. When the end finally came it was quick. On the day. I rushed up and grabbed what was left and disappeared upstairs. I freaked. There was also my new wife’s extensive Dutch family. people kept asking for more and my constant refusal seemed weird. The coat (once found) was handed over smelling of weed. Then it started. When I reappeared with a plate of minute portions there were lots of complaints. the haranguing I got had little effect. I just beat him to the door. Using the excuse of looking for a knife. In less than a year he would become Minister of Finance and eventually go on to oversee the introduction of the Euro. a miss-match way back in the heady days of the ‘80s. I heard the explosion from the other end of the party. one uncle had eaten seven pieces. We married in Amsterdam and the reception was held in the gallery. in. Back in the party. the other half were beginning to wonder why they felt so weird. well. My partner’s Siamese cats had retreated to the back room. He promised to look after the cake. thanks to that social lubricant: alcohol. His Rolls Royce and escort were blocking the street. After a moment or two of pleasantries. scattering cake everywhere. To my new in-laws I was the devil incarnate. The guest list was varied due to our different professions and wide circle of friends. She was a money dealer and I was a gallery owner. they’d all seen it. it was either the best party ever. The artists had softened to the bankers and even I had managed to shake off the stag night hangover. a delicious time bomb about to blow the party apart. Rushing into the main room. I even took a half-eaten piece off my grandmother. befitting her status. I discovered my wife’s uncle had found the cake and was passing it out to little old ladies. less sensitive days I was inevitably responsible by O’Riodon for giving nearly sixty people just such an experience. My seventy-four-yearold grandmother even attended. Then. The cake was handed over with the whispered words. then headed for the cloakroom to get his coat. they began to drop like flies – fortunately I left before the ambulances arrived. I couldn’t throw it away. The hash was actually meant to be a reward for the chef. Having already eaten a piece. Half the party fell on it like wolves. tripped and fell down the stairs. He left. he handed over a coffee machine and said goodbye. so I decided to cut off a small piece and hide the rest. I realized the explosive implications of a cake containing sixty grams of hash. it seemed like a good idea at the time. A friend offered to bake a wedding cake. HE PROMISED TO LOOK AFTER THE CAKE. At first it was going to be a normal fruit cake covered in icing. The bearer. but did prompt a visit to the back room. glistening white and sporting a big red ribbon. The occasion was my first marriage.EDIBLES 41 Dangerous Pastry A DELICIOUS TIME BOMB Eating Cannabis is still one of the best ways of consuming nature’s gift. Behind me. it can be a pleasant and enlightening experience. then the idea to give it a ‘sparkle’ crept in. I must have seemed deranged. So. a moment later he really passed out. I mentioned earlier that my new wife was a money dealer. Depending upon who you talked to. hav- THE COLOMBIAN AMBASSADOR HAD MOVED INTO THE BACK ROOM AND WAS HOLDING AUDIENCE OVER AN ANDEAN-SIZED PILE OF COCAINE. or the worst. holding it high. In complete panic. I saw cake in all the wrong hands. ‘it didn’t seem like much. ing flown over from England with my mother. Unwittingly eating a cookie that takes you into another state of mind can be a little unnerving. but not as much as when I discovered the Colombian Ambassador had moved into the back room and was holding audience over an Andean-sized pile of cocaine. If the dose is right. the wedding ceremony was over and the party was getting into full swing. but that was the least of my problems. it’s tasty and only as dangerous as the sugar that goes with it. I’d just suggested a pinch or two in the mix to mellow things out. it just added to the bizarreness. especially if it’s your first time. when he got drunk and chased women around the party. When I met him he was just finishing a piece of cake.
com » www. owner of Royal Queen Seeds. great attention is given to factors such as humidity in the air and temperature. Due to the enormous success of their so-called auto-flowering species. has been crossed with a Ruderalis strain to create another classic: Northern Light Automatic. our seeds are protected from the light and sterilized. The implementation of the Hapamatic machine.royalqueenseeds. Royal Haze Automatic: If you cross a Dutch classic such as Amnesia Haze with a Ruderalis and a type of Skunk.com “THE WAR ON DRUGS HAS FAILED!” 5 “ONE MORE WAY THAT HEMP PLASTIC COULD SAVE OUR LIVES” 17 “HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS” 20 . the Royal Queen Seeds company has been an important actor on Europe’s constantly expanding Cannabis seed market. the high quality of the seeds and active participation in creation and distribution of female seeds and the socalled ‘automatic’ species. With the new system. is a logical step for Royal Queen Seeds. Boy Ramsahai. Thanks to reasonable prices. Royal Queen Seeds has become an extremely prominent company. already used for years in the medical sector for packaging large quantities of medicine.’ For information: Royal Queen Seeds » info@royalqueenseeds. in every sense of the word: an automatic Haze that flowers in just nine weeks from bud to harvest! Royal AK Automatic: The well-known AK-47 crossed with a Ruderalis strain to create a genetically stable automatic species. not only because clients expect the correct number of seeds but also because they require them to be selected and packaged with care. Northern Light. Our seeds are hand-chosen before being machine-packed. Northern Light Automatic: The other great classic. and good packaging is of fundamental importance. you will obtain a spectacular plant. Royal Queen Seeds has decided to launch several new species on the market. explains: ‘Today’s Cannabis consumers know exactly what to pay attention to when purchasing high-quality seeds. a species that flowers even more rapidly than any grower could dream of! Royal Queen Seeds Now Packages Seeds Automatically Royal Queen Seeds has recently introduced a Hapamatic automated packaging machine for packaging seeds. and the selection and packaging processes take place in a sterile environment.42 PRODUCT FLASH Royal Queen Seeds Launches New Automatic Species For the past four years.
the original. as raw as it is meticulous and as fierce as it is imaginary. a timeless aural sublimity of The Great Plains of the Old West. BUT LISTENERS NEEDN’T WORRY. the JB’s and the Fania Allstars simultaneously. in the midst of a vast mid-western plain. The package also includes rare and unseen photography from throughout the recording process and the remarkable. heavy to soft and pretty to ugly. snapping beats and warm bass. As always. A meditative act of artistic rebellion. drummer Ronald Bruner. battle like story. OR THE CLASSIC WITH THE CUTTING EDGE. his lyrics. Bruner had never planned on releasing his own music. includes a fullyremastered version of What’s Going On. His Flying Lotus-produced debut. A TAUT BEAUTY SPANGLED WITH CRYSTALLINE HARP AND KEYS. OVER ALL. Federico Aubele. THE BASSNECTAR EXPERIENCE ENGULFS THE SENSES. BUT ALSO A UNIQUE AND COMPREHENSIVE INSIGHT INTO ONE OF THE WORLD’S MOST CHERISHED ALBUMS FOR ANY SOUL SISTER OR -BROTHER. Spanning a cosmic stew of players. INSIDE OF THIS SPACE. DC.44 MUSIC REVIEWS Bassnectar Divergent Spectrum AMORPHOUS MUSIC Bassnectar is the brainchild of Lorin Ashton. picking up where the pair left off on 2010’s Cosmogramma – further distilling the jazz current running through that landmark Lotus release. This 40th anniversary edition couples the much-adored music with the wonders of modern day mastering. is well known for his work with a veritable encyclopedia of artists – both locally and internationally – such as Mya.and Latin funk/dance music scenes of the 1960s and ‘70s. ONE OF THE ALBUM’S MOST STUNNING MOMENTS ARRIVES WITH A SPACIOUS COVER OF GEORGE DUKE’S FOR LOVE I COME. his single sequel. an upbeat soul strutter powered by Bruner’s digitally-distorted plucks. Delivering healthy doses of the sound. He will also be featuring on ESL Instigators – Thievery Corporation’s forthcoming release. BY COMBINING SOUND AND FORCE WITH WEIGHT. It is like the next. stories and grooves remain timeless. Universal present this super deluxe edition. Natalie Clavier. disregarding the rules. For 12 has already gotten the thumbs up from Radiohead. on vinyl for the first time. IT IS AS PHYSICAL AS IT IS AUDITORY – A LAWLESS ADVENTURE WITH NO LIMITATIONS.k. New Age synth. BRUNER SINGS. several post-album outtakes. and each song became a journey. ‘You go five miles outside Stillwater and it’s just untouched plains. is no disappointment. and the band counts Zane Lowe. the company’s sexy prince. and exists as an open-sourced musical project that is as diverse as it is dogged.’ Marvin Gaye What’s Going On UNIVERSAL To celebrate the 40th anniversary of Marvin Gaye’s seminal Motown classic What’s Going On. There’s Walkin. The Funk Ark From the Rooftops ESL MUSIC The Funk Ark is a world funk ensemble based in Washington. From the first day of release. THE SET PROVIDES NOT ONLY AN ESSENTIAL PIECE OF MARVIN GAYE HISTORY FOR FANS. then Stephen Bruner’s bass is a mainline to the soul of a man whose DNA was transcribed from the stars onto staff paper. Wayne Coyne of Flaming Lips and Bad Seed Jim Sciavunos among their burgeoning ranks of avid fans. offers both stone-cold skill and uncanny astrality. songwriter and producer. THE FUNK ARK IS YOUR NEW ONE-STOP SHOP FOR BOOTY-SHAKING VINTAGE GROOVES. Still. The Motor City theme of this edition continues on the included 12-inch: the LP’s rare. out on August 29th 2011. to produce an unparalleled insight into Marvin’s showpiece. locations and times. Thundercat) is accompanied by an impressive cast ranging from Erykah Badu to members of Sa-Ra and J*DaVeY. RAMP and Raheem Devaughn. You’re The Man. rejected. OK. a soft whirl of bluesy piano. but Other Lives’s music invokes everything from Phillip Glass’s dazzling minimalism to Morricone’s dark. Produced by the band themselves and mixed by Beck’s longtime drummer Joey Waronker. UNDERPINNING THE ALBUM’S RICH PALETTE OF SOUNDS IS THE BAND’S NATIVE DUST BOWL AUSTERITY: A STARK. yet instantly appealing and alluringly mysterious. TIME REALLY ISN’T A THING. Interweaving layer upon layer of intricately winding and pulsing orchestrations. A longtime contributor to others’ albums. Tamer Animals was written and recorded at Other Lives’s own studio over a period of sixteen months. There’s the ebullient Daylight. these eleven tracks enfold listeners in a bounteous panoply of melodies and textures reminiscent of Brian Wilson’s daring Smile period. it traverses a mashed-up aural continuum that reaches from dark to light. But Lotus spurred him on. LA-based. Bruner (a. BRINGING THIS STRING OF DIVINELY UNEXPECTED MOMENTS TO A MOODY AND CINEMATIC CLOSE IS RETURN TO THE JOURNEY. The Golden Age of Apocalypse. The group draws upon influences from the African. epic sweep. The set. Jr. The first single off of Tamer Animals. original Detroit Mix. is ambitious in scope: densely textured and uncompromisingly sophisticated. THERE. Will Rast. Tamer Animals. There are raw. with nary a saddle nor spur in sight. wobbling basslines and hypnotic soundscapes. which focuses on Marvin’s LP and post-LP Detroit recordings. . AND NO HESITATION IN FUSING THE FAMILIAR WITH THE STRANGE. the groundbreaking concept work was recognized as a magnum opus. ‘I think that has affected me subconsciously. their second album. The term ‘chamber-pop’ readily springs to mind. sits Stillwater. as an uncompromising singer. The group’s keyboardist and main songwriter. Jesse Tabish. improvised numbers like Jamboree and virtuosic bass pileups like Fleer Ultra. to pianist Austin Peralta and his own Grammy-winning brother. and the result is a gritty and soulful mix of inspired afro-beat and big band funk. This latest EP release. unexpected chapter of Beauty and the Beast. The Golden Age of Apocalypse was years in the making even though. SHOUT IT FROM THE ROOFTOPS! Thundercat The Golden Age of Apocalypse BRAINFEEDER If indeed ‘you blows who you is’. ‘TIME WILL PASS US BY’. including original mono hit singles. unlikely hometown to a remarkable band – Other Lives – and its gifted singer/composer and multi-instrumentalist bandleader. as Louis Armstrong once famously said.a. the music covers every conceivable genre and smashes it all into a synthesis of intense. behind What’s Going On. For 12 especially exemplifies the latter: its galloping rhythms conjure a feeling of uneasy expansiveness. and a series of recordings (mostly instrumental) made in Detroit before Marvin followed Motown to Los Angeles. futurist electronic strains and timeless musical seeking. By Kaz Peet Other Lives Tamer Animals PLAY IT AGAIN SAM At the crossroads of US 177 and State Highway 51.’ muses Jesse. the end result is unmistakably a Thundercat record – a lush and magical document combining classic jazz-fusion. YET COOLLY ELEGANT BEAUTY THAT MIRRORS THE LANDSCAPE SURROUNDING THEM. this debut album recalls the best of Africa 70. Divergent Spectrum. The album introduced Marvin Gaye. Spanning the spectrum of sonic style. this masterpiece broke the Motown mold. ‘no strings’ mix of the title track.
The song went on to be covered. in Jackson. you just get a lot of posturing. The followup Pieces of Man brought him together (on record) for the first time with Brian Jackson. I’m New Here. and a call to arms to the black community: ‘You will not be able to stay home brother. A tall.’ He preferred to call himself ‘a blues-ologist’. who died on May 27th. it first appeared in the form of a spokenword recitation on his debut album Small Talk at 125th and Lenox. in 1978. Thiele released Small Talk at 125th and Lenox./Because the revolution will not be televised. The Bottle and the anti-apartheid anthem Johannesburg. Lillie Scott. sunshine and tears’. would be a major influence on such groups as Public Enemy and NWA./ You will not be able to lose yourself on skag and skip. his songs that rumble from deep within his soul will continue to incite and inspire generations of young people to take up the struggle from where he left off. Gilbert Heron. she bought him a second-hand piano from a local funeral parlor and introduced him to the writings of the Harlem Renaissance novelist and poet Langston Hughes. who played on ScottHeron’s second album. sampled and referenced in innumerable recordings. and one that always emphasized lyrical content over technique. The Vulture (1970). about campus unrest. He was named after his father. Sonny Rollins and Dizzy Gillespie. and would lead to his being described as ‘the godfather of rap’. On the recommendation of his high school English teacher. Small Talk at 125th and Lenox. Scott-Heron would credit his grandmother with being one of the primary influences on his life: ‘[She] raised me to not sit around and wait for people to guess what’s on your mind – I was gonna have to say it. including Whitey’s On The Moon. played football professionally for Celtic and Third Lanark. Gil won a scholarship to a private school. had recorded such artists as John Coltrane. Over the course of 20 albums he produced a series of sardonic and biting commentaries on ghetto life and racial injustice. a thriller about ghetto life. songs such as Must Be Something and It’s Your World were moving affirmations of faith in the power of the human spirit. and he was sent to live with his maternal grandmother. Gil ScottHeron’s legacy will survive his death. His parents separated when he was two. earning the nickname ‘the Black Arrow’. Scott-Heron first came to attention with his 1970 recording The Revolution Will Not Be Televised. but was to fall victim to drug abuse more than two decades later. described it as ‘a voice like you would have for Shakespeare’. there was a resurgence of interest in his work when he returned with his first studio album in 16 years. this time with a full band. as head of the Impulse label. He was soon approached by the jazz producer Bob Thiele who. who became a major influence. But anger was not the only color in Scott-Heron’s music palette. a keyboard-player. while working as a clerk at a dry cleaners. The Nigger Factory (1971). On graduation he published a second novel. It was a title that ScottHeron himself always deplored. was a composer.’ Written when Scott-Heron was just 18. The following year he recorded the song for a second time. a librarian and an accomplished singer. With mantra-like incessance. YET HIS SPIRIT SHALL NEVER FADE! Gil Scott-Heron. with the anti-drug song Angel Dust. Tennessee. serving jail time for various offenses. a live recording of one of ScottHeron’s club performances. turn on and cop out. Gil Scott-Heron was born in Chicago on April 1st. flautist and Gil Scott-Heron: SOUL BROTHER SADLY PASSES AWAY. made him widely recognized as one of the Kaz Peet most inspirational figures of rap music and beyond. and a collection of poetry. Scott-Heron’s music reflected something of the militancy and self-assertiveness of such theorists and polemicists as Malcolm X and Stokely Carmichael. and he moved to New York to be reunited with his mother. allied to the overtly political content of his work. . who brought up her son on her own. a Jamaican who had settled in America. Scott-Heron sang in a roughly arresting voice that was once described as a mixture of ‘mahogany. Both a genius and a soldier. aged 62./You will not be able to plug in./Skip out for beer during commercials. and his political message. where his prowess at football brought him to the attention of talent scouts from Scotland. Instead. as well as being the cowriter (with George David Weiss) of Louis Armstrong’s What a Wonderful World. Pieces Of A Man. the Ethical Culture Fieldston School. He enjoyed further chart success in 1976 with Johannesburg and. a compelling attack on the mindless and anesthetizing effects of the mass media. His declamatory singing style.OBITUARY 45 Cultivating his interest in music and literature. rail-thin man with a wispy goatee beard and a countenance of prophetic gravity. His vocal style. In 2010. It was there that he met Gil’s mother. Home Is Where The Hatred Is. poet and author whose writings and recordings provided a vivid – and often stinging – commentary on social injustice and the black American experience. The bass player Ron Carter. for his seminal album Pieces of a Man. Bobbie. before returning to Chicago. before going on to study at Lincoln University in Pennsylvania. musician. He said: ‘You don’t really see inside the person. In his second year at university he was given leave of absence to write a novel. 1949.’ composer who would become his main collaborator on nine albums. When Gil was 12 his grandmother died. in the early ‘50s Gilbert Sr.
Soft Secrets does not advocate breaking any laws. I hadn’t originally intended to go to the parade. simultaneously decreasing the number of unnecessary arrests. which was on the other side of the parade route from where I was. Some townships. state-.net Mountain High Paradise Seeds Pollinator Company Royal Queen Seeds As oft-marginalized as Cannabis users are. Thousands of people were in attendance. Some politicians. The publisher therefore distances himself explicitly from statements or images that might give the impression that an endorsement is being made for the illicit use or production of Cannabis. The parade itself is a symbol of the success of that tolerance. The annual celebration commemorates riots that took place at a bar in Greenwich Village. purple corsets and rainbows galore passed by. Actor Olympia Dukakis made a personal appearance in a classic car. I was trying to make my way across it to get to the HT Cannabis Cup. In the meantime. Floats. But I was in San Francisco. O’Riodon. San Francisco held the 41st annual San Francisco Lesbian. I happened upon a parade. Black leather.N. with a dash of Salvador Dali thrown in for good measure. and it was one of the biggest parades of its kind. Transgender Pride Celebration. and is excited to offer a forum to both proand anti-legalization advocates. polite and a smorgasbord for people-watching. The costumes ranged from sensual to absurd.com Intellibusiness Management Letgrow. Inc Century Park Plaza 1801 Century Park East. and throughout the path of the parade. people stood three-deep or more to watch the festivities. Buddy Kush. non-violent drug offenders (read: pot smokers) as well as the social toll that high numbers of imprisonment brings to some towns and neighborhoods. and Cannabis activists are engaged in broadening this progression. Distribution Carlos Garcia Circulation Manager www. Signs and flags proclaimed support for tolerSMILING PEOPLE IN BRIGHT COSTUMES ance. who had not planned on attending (and merely stumbled into the area) seemed far more amused than shocked by anything we saw. On the 26th of June 2011. Even folks like myself. CA 90067 E-mail: usa@softsecrets. cars and people on foot paraded in front of an admiring crowd. New York. et al. I had to at least stop and take a look. Soft Secrets USA #5/2011 out: October 18th. Kali Mist. which resulted in a riot. humorous or overly suggestive way. The publisher is not responsible for the content and/or point of view of advertisements.nl Editor in chief: Kristie Szalanski Contributors: Grubbycup.org Telephone: +1-310-488-1911 A word from the publisher: To the chagrin of the US Federal Government. as suggestive REPRESENTED ALL TYPES. these days the festival appeared to be more a demonstration of free speech – and as an excuse for outrageous outfits. each vying for attention. Sensible Seeds Serious Seeds Strain Genius Sweet Seeds Sweet Seeds Vapors SOME OUTFITS WERE MORE INTERESTING THAN OTHERS. On the one hand a playful celebration of sexuality. we can certainly understand how difficult the fight for LGBT rights can be. Kaz Peet.nl Distribution by: P. love and puka shells. mayors and police chiefs – on a local level – now actively support a ‘compassion club’ distribution system as a way of separating recreational stoners from the people who legitimately need therapeutic help. Gay. welcoming all to their flocks. Nothing from this publication may be copied or reproduced in any format without prior permission from the publisher and other copyright holders. This year’s theme was ‘In Pride We Trust’. and the other a stark reminder of the intolerance and bigotry that still exists. Peace. parents are Sonny and Cher) was this year’s celebrity Grand Marshal. In 1969 police raided a bar named the ‘Stonewall Inn’.nl Advertisements: Jessica Telephone: +1-661-333 3151 E-mail: jessica@softsecrets. In spite of its somber inspiration. Editorial adress: E-mail: kristie@softsecrets. but that didn’t seem like a bad thing. Federal or international. Soft Secrets forums operate under the assumption that the publisher does not necessarily agree with the views and opinions expressed in articles and advertisements therein. The editors take no responsibility for unsolicited submissions. I thought it was GO-GO DANCING FLOAT a fun show with some underlying serious messages.I. Grubbycup Gay Pride Parade in San Francisco While on my way to the Cannabis Cup. Chaz Bono (formerly Chastity Bono. Overall. Colophon Page 1 40 16 2 4 19 25 43 28 48 40 43 8 1 43 1 43 47 43 35 11 1 32 35 Soft Secrets USA is published by Discover Publishers USA. That event and its repercussions are often credited with being a galvanizing force that helped by Grubbycup unite the LGBT movement into organizing. the publisher hopes Soft Secrets will expose the positive aspects of the normalization of Cannabis use to the public. the motorcycle club ‘Dykes on BIKES’ spearheaded the show.magazinedistribution.A.Red. I couldn’t pass up the opportunity.46 MARCHES & DEMOS / INDEX OF ADS / COLOFON Index of ads Name Advanced Seeds All American Healing Group Apothecary 420 Attitude the Attitude the Best Price Evaluations Dinafem Seeds Funky Skunk the Ganja Juice Green Door the Higher Level Hydroasis. Usually presented in a very matter-of-fact. The Sativa Diva. Whether they are finding their way to the local medical distribution point or growing for personal stash. 24th floor / Suite 2400 Los Angeles. and even more non-users than ever. while go-go dancers of all sorts gyrated for the crowd. 2011 . Cover Photo: Grubbycup Comic: oz. Cannabis users are a menace to no one and are causing no discernible social problem. Now we must be patient and see how the debate develops during a period of relative peace between both sides. whether local-. Churches marched in the parade. As usual. almost half of the states have embarked on a process of relative liberalization towards the use of Cannabis. Taxpayers are frustrated with funding the incarceration of first-time. the sight of naked and semi-naked people appeared to have little adverse effect on the crowd. are calling for the outright legalization of marijuana. the crowd seemed very wellbehaved. It looked like a lot of fun. nudity was a common sight – despite not generally being tolerated in public. F. Bisexual.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.