SS USA 04-11 | Cannabis (Drug) | Prohibition Of Drugs


ISSUE 4 2011
18+ For adults only. Soft Secrets is published six times a year by Discover Publishers USA, Inc.

In this issue:
A report has just been issued by the Global Commission on Drug Policy, condemning the ineffective and often damaging policies implemented in the War on Drugs. What does this mean for our industry, and how can we move forward? ›› 5

A Cease-Fire in the Drug War?
Doesn’t it seem as if overnight, Cannabis has become socially acceptable in America? The Global Commission on Drug Policy has just released a report about the utter failure of the War on Drugs, despite the billions of dollars flushed through it over the years. HR 2306 could present the first-ever modern Federal legislation that would allow peace for the pot industry, since its criminalization in 1937. A mind-blowing documentary called What if Cannabis Cured Cancer is now sweeping the globe, allaying many of the fears regarding medicinal marijuana that plague the medical community – as well as vindicating the thousands of activists and proponents who have been shouting (at seemingly deaf ears) for decades about the merits of our beloved plant. It’s true. Cannabis is not that bad for you. If the product is grown organically and handled carefully, the consumption of the drug – even smoking it, although we cannot deny the dangers of smoking in general – is not physically addictive, and most of the negative consequences of its effects can be directly attributed to the shortcomings of the user. The punitive nature of America’s drug policies has done more harm than good in incarcerating first-time, non-violent individuals who, at worst, should be in drug treatment facilities. In moderation or clinical settings, Cannabis presents a therapeutic substance that treats more ailments than any other single drug in the history of medicine and should not be unjustly demonized. Allowing people to grow weed will not lead to the immediate collapse of human civilization, nor will it plunge our youth into the depths of depravity. We need education, quality control, safe access, protection for care-givers and patients; but mostly, we need to be TAXED so that cash can be put towards the necessary legislation, organizations and social programs. Sorry, drug dealers: we all know that if weed were ever legalized the price would drop. Why panic? It won’t drop that much, and if laws loosen, the groups of

ades about the freedoms lavished upon the smoking masses in this low-lying nation. Well, it’s all potentially about to crash and burn, as the Dutch government wants to issue marijuana membership cards to legal, tax-paying residents only, restricting their purchases to the one coffeeshop nearest to their house. At a maximum limit of three grams. Read on to find out how this might affect your next vacation.... Finally, no Drug War edition would be complete without a mention of Eddy Lepp. Perhaps one of the most famous Green Prisoners in the world, Eddy is

What if Cannabis Cured Cancer?

›› 7

Simon, proprietor of Serious Seeds, explains how the Cannabis seed industry is even more susceptible to piracy than the music world, and what will happen if it’s not prevented. ›› 14

Hemp Kevlar

›› 17

HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS The Devil’s Harvest Seed Company reveal their secrets of Cannabis seed feminization, why they do it and what the future holds for this Amsterdam label. ›› 20

people who secretly like Cannabis, but avoid it due to issues such as the fact that it’s still absurdly classed as Schedule I, will soon join the ranks of your customer lists. Demand will likely increase, and you can finally go legit! This issue of SSUSA presents a few different ramifications of the War on Drugs, including some of the international effects of bad drug stigma, such as the impending ‘Weed Pass’ in the Netherlands. You’ve all heard for dec-

hardly visible in the Cannabis press, despite his famous arrest and incarceration. Due to his contributions to the medical Cannabis community over the years, we felt that he deserved a ‘visit’. It’s ironic that some of the very pioneers who assisted in the liberalization of US pot laws are locked away and cannot enjoy the new freedom themselves. Things are looking up, folks; however, we’ve still got a long way to go towards complete legalization. How are you helping?



Something Missing?
Don’t see your company, product or techniques featured in the pages of SSUSA? Wish your activist organization could get a little free press? Contact us! Are you or is someone you know particularly gifted with a camera? Then why not submit your amateur photos to SSUSA? They could end up on the cover! Subject is of your choosing, and an emphasis on Cannabis is absolutely not necessary. Be as creative and expressive as possible, and you might just see your work on the front page, or within the next issue of Soft Secrets USA. Photographers will be credited for their work. Cannabis photos are rarely used for cover shots. Oh, and let’s keep it classy, people! Not into photography but still have an interesting talent or story? Contact us if you think you deserve a place in our publication. Feel free to let us know about new books, television and film projects; festivals, events and demonstrations, medical advances, green prisoners or even interesting companies who deserve a little support and media coverage. We love hemp, and are always happy to highlight the innovations that make this industry so exciting. We hope to hear from you. * Press concerns and photos (minimum resolution 300dpi @ 4x4 inches) may be emailed to * All submissions will be handled with discretion. Soft Secrets USA is not responsible for unsolicited submissions, either for graphics or text.


Cease-Fire in the Drug War? Page 3 Girl: Warlock The War on Drugs Has Failed! What if Cannabis Cured Cancer? HR 2306 Strain Awards Eddy Lepp Dutch Weed Pass Seed Piracy Hemp Kevlar How to Feminize Cannabis Didymium Glasses Mila’s Journey Rolling Papers Breeding Grubbycup’s Stash Pollinator Company HT Medical Cannabis Cup International Seed Market Thanks, Jacques Kalamata & Panama Red LED Trial: Critical Jack Male Cannabis Dangerous Pastry Royal Queen Seeds Hy’s Deli by oz. A Stoned Selection Gil Scott-Heron Gay Pride San Francisco Colophon 1 3 5 7 9 10 12 13 14 17 20 23 24 26 29 31 31 33 36 37 38 39 41 42 42 44 45 46 46 FROM THE EDITOR STRAIN REPORT LEGAL FILM REVIEW/MEDICINAL LEGAL STRAIN REPORT GREEN PRISONERS AMSTER-RANT

The Warlock was created in the early 1990s by Gerrit, the owner and breeder of Magus Genetics. Due to personal circumstances Gerrit was not able to continue his business and we from Serious Seeds decided to incorporate the strains of Magus Genetics into our program. The Warlock won the 3rd place at the High Times Cannabis Cup in 1997. Short and bushy during the vegetative period, it grows huge, compact buds with few leaves in flowering. Especially indoors the Warlock is a good yielder, with a harvest of 400-500g per square meter. The clear white pistils change to a tan/pinkish color when ripe. Warlock has a sweet smell with a tinge of sour, reminiscent of fresh fruits. The effect is felt very quickly after the toke and is a strong high, which is felt more in the head than in the body. Due to its high THC content, the Warlock has good medical qualities for pain relief and against insomnia. Name: Pedigree: Warlock Mostly indica (Skunk/Afghani x Afghani) Breeder: Gerrit from Magus Genetics Producer: Serious Seeds Height: Short and bushy Weight: Good yielder (400-500g/m2) Flowering Time: 55-60 days



5%. everyone thought it would be for the best. JUNE 2011 In their new report. but for a very few pioneers. The war on Cannabis is the perfect example. the Global Commission on Drug Policy has recognized the need to re-evaluate the international approach to drug use and production. governments continue to invest increasing amounts of funds into a losing battle.. would start listening to the Devil’s music – which we now call ‘Jazz’. after having consumed the drug. sociologists – as well as the criminals involved. In the first week of June however. depression. Enter the Global Commission on Drug Policy Together with a group of illustrious commissioners (amongst whom were George Papandreou. on the first of July. Prime Minister of Greece. More exactly.5 A REPORT FROM THE GLOBAL COMMISSION ON DRUG POLICY The War on Drugs Has Failed! Since the last hundred years. The Financial Times estimated that the War on Drugs had far-surpassed the trillion-dollar mark. Buddy Kush When the decision was made to start an official war against the use of drugs back in the early 20th century. reinforcing the apparent need to combat it by any means possible. Paul Volcker. governments worldwide have so far refused to adjust their approach.5%. neighboring countries were quick to paint gloomy pictures of the country’s future. WAR ON DRUGS REPORT.’ Also. the death of brain cells and mental disorders: these are some of the many scare tactics used over the decades to convince people of the dangers of drug-use. If we are to look at relevant historical references. And who pays the price for all this? One simple answer: you and me. Not only was this drug considered to be responsible for the moral depravity spreading through the US via foreign immigrants. the taxpayers. With no other source of income. ANY means possible. consumers also have to deal with insecurity in obtaining the drug. high prices and no quality control – which can potentially lead to disastrous health issues. former Chairman of the US Federal Reserve and Economic Recovery Board and Kofi Annan. the international approach to drugs has been one of intolerance. 2001. While drug use and possession are still legally prohibited. the Commission has officially recognized the utter failure of the War on Drugs – as well as the devastating consequences it has had on society and its members. broadly generating an uproar from neighboring nations and international press. The results of prohibition remain the same today as they were then. Despite this. the Global Commission on Drug Policy published data claiming that rather than dropping. In a publication released in the beginning of June 2011. taxpayers pay the government to ultimately help the very criminals it claims to fight against. with budgets surpassing $40B a year in America alone. economists. violations of those prohibitions are considered as administrative violations. had published an article recognizing the failure of the War on Drugs and offering a set of principles and recommendations to efficiently tackle the issue. to sum up. To give a concrete example. other countries still stubbornly deny that a new approach is needed. former President of Mexico. marginalization and stigmatization of people who use drugs but who do no harm to others. Substances leading to violence. increased use. hard-drug use. This situation is one of which many are aware: politicians. the government has to use taxation to finance its inefficient war.. it is easy to spot the correlation between prohibition. Cannabis. Having heard of this decision. given a bit of thought: to ‘End the criminalization. 27% and 34. insecurity. it was surprising to read that the Global Commission on Drug Policy. History has shown this on numerous accounts. waves of propaganda and misinformation were very efficient in convincing the citizens of the risks these drugs brought to the established order and moral values of the new world. And yet nothing has really changed since the War on Drugs first started. cocaine and opiate use have all increased over a ten year period (1998-2008) with a respective increase of 8. A couple of countries decided upon new approach- DRUG PROMOTION (PHOTO BY MANTAS RUZVELTAS) es. With no regulation whatsoever. by the way – and to be promiscuous with black men. Their conclusions are basic and most are obvious. ill health and criminality: the alcohol prohibition that took place in the 1920s. it also affected white people by encouraging them to abandon their moral values. claiming it would see increased drug use amongst youth and become a drug user’s haven. a part of the United Nations. it was also accused of causing depravity in white women who. In 2010. However. not criminal offenses. Portugal decriminalized the use of drugs. harsh repression and propaganda – as well as a recognized waste of taxpayers’ hard earned cash. former Secretary General of the United Nations). Ernesto Zedillo. So. Mind you. to: IS IT THE CANNABIS OR THE PROPAGANDA CAUSING DEPRAVITY? (PHOTO BY KAT) . Even though Portugal was able to show positive results over the last ten years. Most of us with a basic understanding of market and social dynamics have known that it was an approach bound to fail.

Stop considering drug users criminals and offer them health and treatment services to those in need. especially [with regards] to Cannabis’ and ‘offer health and treatment services to those in need. Together with the necessary regulations and quality controls this could create a more secure. we should discuss the possible creation of licenses allowing the production of these drugs. trustworthy means of distribution. Establish better methods to measure the progress. Countries continuing to invest heavily in law enforcement should focus on Conclusions Isn’t it amusing that these facts – which have been preached by activists for years – are finally being acknowledged now that a group of governmental celebrities is repeating them? Regardless. followed by larger scale dealers and organized crime forming the wide base. Invest more in evidence-based prevention. This will create new jobs.and construction industries the day hemp is fully legalized – but entire new markets will appear. while also eliminating the need for an illegal market in one fell swoop. the control of the drug market and the funds it generates will remain as they are. Encourage experimentation with regulation models designed to undermine organized crime and benefit the health and security of end users. living conditions. to keep all these facts in mind and to discuss the issue in its entirety to guarantee as smooth a transition as we can. Develop new sentences for first-time/ small-scale dealers. as peer pressure. The necessary steps towards rectifying the situation will contain big challenges. We must act now! A very good first step. socialand political experiments done internationally. to focus repressive actions on violent criminal organizations[. 8. This would thereby limit drug use linked to external influences such DOES THIS MEAN I’LL GET MY CROP BACK? (PHOTO BY KAT) placed at the top. This is why extensive efforts must be made to provide adequate resources for prevention – with a focus on the ‘sensitive’ social groups such as youths – as well as the developing of easy access to treatment for the people suffering from drug dependencies. allowing institutions to focus on drug use linked to larger social issues (childhood trauma. It is time for us to face the issue head-on and adapt. Judging the success of the War on Drugs by the number of arrests made.globalcommission ondrugs.] but first and foremost to begin the transformation of the “global drug prohibition regime” by replacing current measures with responsible policies and strategies built on facts and not on ideology and political convenience. socio-economic status or. we can not only ensure that the misconceptions are dispersed. The Recommendations: 1. however (i. all concerned parties (families. If one looks at the current structure of drug trade/use. it can be summarized in a pyramidal structure with the end-user a continually repressive approach to dealers help in curbing consumption? Instead. 2. textile-. as well as revenues that the government can then tax to finance rehabilitation centers.’ An ultimate goal is ‘to rethink the approach now in place with regards to people involved in the lower end of the illegal drug markets. 3. judge the results and. shared responsibility. Switzerland. Spain and Portugal have done – has proven that a less repressive approach leads not only to lower drug use but also to less health issues linked to their consumption. BUT ALSO TO LESS HEALTH ISSUES the health sector. Challenge misconceptions about drug users. they could potentially find themselves without employment. Until this is done. etc. so long as a curious mind exists. 9. society’s leaders) will actively need to take part in order to start rectifying generations’ worth of misinformation. To be Perfected… Stimulating governments to experiment with regulation and decriminalization – as countries such as the Netherlands. Imagine how many people profit from the War on Drugs: the prison industry.. this publication has created waves throughout international press and has . law enforcement. There are exceptions though. the drugs market. 11. More than that. forbid research into certain drugs. the conclusions are as follows: The Principles: 1.) This seems a very commendable set of principles. the ‘forbidden fruit’ effect.e. involving all relevant parties (families. It is quite an accurate representation of the control each group has on the market. we must also take other social repercussions into account. if lacking. the Commission has agreed upon a list of four principles and eleven recommendations they hope can help rectify the situation. small scale dealers come next. adapt it – modify it to suit your needs.) which truly do need attention. 5. However. social and cultural realities into consideration. It is therefore important to be critical.. And indeed. 4. Through open discussion and effective education. You try an approach. Not only will economic interests shift – imagine what will happen to the paper-. pharmaceutical companies. drug use in itself and drug dependency. Base drug policies on human rights and public health principles. Base drug policies on solid evidence. The day our approach to drugs evolves. 7. Policies should be a global. plus medical-. 10. 6. which can easily be applied given the extensive research done internationally by recognized authorities. thereby reducing the harms linked to the underground market. law enforcement etc. As many have said before. 3. the number of drugs intercepted. There are a couple of notions that appear to be lacking. To this end. The UN must provide leadership in global drug policy reform. 4. neglect. Pursue an open debate and break through the taboo surrounding drugs. decades’ worth of propaganda will have to be addressed before any truly unbiased conclusion can be reached. 2. It is essential to everything we do in life. prevention. taking diverse political. there is no denying that. Offer a wide and easily accessible range of options for treatment of drug dependence. Drug policies must be pursued in a comprehensive way. Needless to say we’ll be doing our part. security firms. create jobs and economic income and reduce health risks (with regard to altered substances). points six and seven).’ organized crime and traffickers. What about you? For more information on the report. drug use will never cease. How will really opened up the debate about our approach to drugs worldwide. but also give everyone the information necessary for them to be able to make an educated decision with regards to drug use. petrochemical. educational initiatives and so forth. health specialists. with a special focus on youth. naturally. etc. check online at: http://www. to invest in drug prevention and drug education. Based on discussion. it is time for the relevant institutions to face the facts. In this case. even today. The War on Drugs has failed. because of certain countries which. is not in any way a measure of success – especially when the consumption of said drug continues to rise.6 ‘encourage experimentation by governments with models of legal regulation. COMPARISON OF THE CANNABIS MARKETS IN FRANCE AND THE NETHERLANDS The Measure Themselves: In order to tackle this vast STIMULATING GOVERNMENTS TO EXPERIMENT WITH REGULATION AND DECRIMINALIZATION HAS PROVEN THAT A LESS REPRESSIVE APPROACH LEADS NOT ONLY TO LOWER DRUG USE. despite certain shortcomings. This dynamic will not change unless the legality of drug use and production in itself is revised. considering the problem rationally (not emotionally) and learning from past mistakes is the key to moving things forward.

or endoSativa Diva cannabinoids. Ever wondered why Cannabis gets you high? It’s no accident.and immune systems. where they can then destroy cancer cells in a carefully-guided attack.. Forget what? According to Dr. but cannabinoids actually have a semi-protective effect on the body. Activists from within the community will rejoice: the merits of medbut extremely in-depth. and storage. we need our ECS for mechanisms that help us to ‘relax. If nothing else. CBN: Primary product of THC Some important cannabinoid functions: THC: Mimics the body’s own ECS.Color . effect and duration of each of your favorite strains. Anti-angiogenic (prevents fresh blood supply to tumors). THIS DOCUMENTARY WILL BE ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT FILMS YOU EVER WATCH. in other realms. ‘We need to have a way to One of the reasons that Cannabis does not physically addict is because of our ECS – our bodies recognize cannabinoids. You read that correctly: human beings produce the endogenous version of the herbal cannabinoids responsible for the myriad effects brought about by the consumption of weed. Type II diabetes. doctors. shielding healthy cells and inciting the ‘suicide’ of cancer cells. circulatory-. strongly inhibits tumor growth in leukemia and breast cancer. the man who discovered THC in 1964. activists. The documentary begins with a brief education on the ancient relationship between Cannabis and humans. Most animals and other organisms also have cannabinoid receptors.’ It is a known fact that the lack of pain memory is one of the more important evolutionary aspects of our bodies. THC has also been medically-proven to slow the growth of breast. smoke or vaporize it. Due to the oily nature of the cannabinoids (the stuff that spreads all over your fingers when you handle buds) the compounds are easily able to slip between the two parts of the body. anti-depressant. ALL CANNABIS-BASED DRUGS HAD BEEN REMOVED FROM US PHARMACIES. encourages cancer cell death. plus a few others. then that’s definitely not true. anti-inflammatory.and lung cancer tumors. education into the physical workings of these substances. agrarian ones. This means that our very most precious and essential systems are being aided in function and control by the ECS. Hard facts replace conjecture. fights diabetes. Even if you already knew much of the information covered in What if Cannabis Cured Cancer. neuroprotector. reproductive. fights LEN RICHMOND HAS STUNNED VIEWERS WITH A MASTERPIECE DOCUMENTING THE BIO-CHEMISTRY OF CANNABIS: WHAT IF CANNABIS CURED CANCER ANSWERS QUESTIONS THAT VIEWERS PERHAPS NEVER THOUGHT TO ASK ical Cannabis are explained empirically. will burst. malignant tumors and bacterial infections. scientific evidence that will only fail to silence opponents to medical marijuana if they choose to entirely ignore the research. If Cannabis (and the drug compounds therein) is so dangerous. virus-induced leukemia. sleep. be assured that your education will still have been expanded through the watching of this astonishing film. Anti-proliferative (inhibits cell growth). providing physical. drink. anti-epileptic. their original intent was to receive the same compounds when produced by the human body. Raphael Mechoulam. or ECS. smell. blends together to present the exact flavor. The endo-cannabinoid system. anti-psychotic. In addition. or we.Stereo .or herbal) have in the human body. African/Thai strains. Perhaps short-term memory isn’t such a bad thing after all. Written and directed by Len Richmond Narrated by Peter Coyote Edited by Massimo Mazzucco Running Time: 60 minutes . CBC: Found in extremely low levels. the unique combination of these compounds. . preventative effect against malignant tumors. Anti-metastatic (stops cancer’s ability to spread). you will obtain the peace of mind that comes with certainty: everything we’ve been saying for years about the benefits of Cannabis has been true.DOCUMENTARY 7 What if Cannabis Cured Cancer? THIS MINDBLOWING FILM EXPLAINS HOW AND WHY WE GET HIGH FROM CANNABIS. forget and protect’. AND WHY WE SHOULD CONTINUE TO DO SO FOR THE SAKE OF THE HUMAN RACE. may act as anti-depressant. smokers. anyone who has ever had an opinion about Cannabis must watch this film and truly become enlightened. such as ethno-botany. Whether or not the above are true. causing a shift from hunter/gatherer societies to static. and is now scientifically-proven. eat. However. makes ‘high’ come on faster but last less time. including the nervous-. CBD: Non-psychoactive. scientists claim that hemp was the first intentionally cultivated plant.. Naysayers. which protects the brain from infection and other harm. KURT CANNABIS (MALCOLM MCDOWELL) AND CONNIE CANCER (ROSEANNE BARR) LIGHTEN THE MOOD IN A SPECIAL COMEDY SHORT. anxiolytic (anti-anxiety). but research diverges here as the functions sometimes differ between species. slows growth of lungand breast cancer. Not only does smoking moderate amounts of weed NOT cause cancer. Many of its protective and therapeutic effects may be attributed to the ability of these substances to move freely through the ‘brain/blood barrier’. antiinflammatory. one cannot argue about the proven role and functions that cannabinoids (endogenous. THESE FOUR CANNABINOIDS ARE CONSIDERED AMONG THE MOST IMPORTANT OF THE 400+ COMPOUNDS FOUND IN CANNABIS. then why do we produce nearly atomically-twin substances that our body requires to survive? According to Di Marzo (1998). presenting a quick. Apoptopic (hastens death of cancer cells). growers. Whether you ingest. BY 1942. affects the impact of THC. Cannabinoid impact on cancer: Seeking out cancer cells and preferentially killing them. doubters. the ECS regulates our moods. as well as virus-induced leukemia.lenrichmondfilms. bronchial dilator. known as endogenous cannabinoids. Many people like to believe they truly ‘know everything there is to know about Cannabis’. If you haven’t seen this film. and this is especially important for brain cancer patients. is responsible for modulating energy intake. forget. Anthropological conjecture exists over whether Cannabis consumption somehow stimulated early human language skills. sedative. Writer and director Len Richmond has stunned viewers with a masterpiece documenting the bio-chemistry of Cannabis: What if Cannabis Cured Cancer answers questions that viewers perhaps never thought to ask. nutrient transport and metabolism. CANNABIS PHARMACEUTICALS PRESENT A LESS-TOXIC ALTERNATIVE FOR INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE ALREADY ILL. THCV: Mostly in S. After millions of years of evolution (beginning with the humble sea squirt) humans have developed a sophisticated system of receptors – one of the densest of its type in the human body – specifically designed to accept the exact chemical compounds produced by the Cannabis plant. has protective. It is this action that takes place when certain cannabinoids pass into the brain.DVD » www.


. HR 2306. sell and smoke marijuana – where it is not prohibited by state law – would no longer be committing a Federal offense. and is unlikely to pass committee. continued prohibition of Cannabis should be acknowledged as pointless outspoken criticism of US monetary. but despite (or perhaps due to) his apparent eccentricity he enjoys a wide following. It comes at a very relevant time – just after the Global Commission on Drug Policy released statements to the effect that the War on Drugs has so far been a failure. Presidential candidate. Many more moderate Republicans seek to distance themselves from him. HR 2306. REPUBLICAN HOUSE REP. 2011 the bi-partisan bill. Republican Congressman for Texas’s 14th District. The legislation would limit Federal interference in marijuana law enforcement to cross-border or inter-state smuggling. having signed the Industrial Hemp Farming Act of 2009 (HR1866 2009-H1866) to ‘grant each state regulating authority for the growing and processing of industrial hemp. and thus Ron Paul has lent his name to an otherwise all-Democrat proposition..). contrary to many of the more sensationalist reports appearing in By Kali Mist the initial days following the announcement. It seeks to remove marijuana regulation from the jurisdiction of the Federal government and hand it back to the state. but also the level of his enthusiasm and commitment to the cause. despite not always agreeing on matters of policy. So. and as such is a milestone in the saga of Cannabis politics.). Democratic House Representative of the 4th District of Massachusetts– the second openly gay member of the House of Representatives – also has a strong backit was the first that sought to remove marijuana legislation from the Federal level – but limited to personal amounts. this is the first that seeks to entirely remove Federal control (at least within state boundaries). Jared Polis (Colo. and as a 2012 Presidential hopeful. Barney Frank (D. this bill could be deemed a well-timed move to guarantee media coverage and increased support from a wider demographic. Paul is no stranger to controversy.. all cynicism aside. The bill is being publicized using the decades-old but still effective argument: that prohibition of alcohol had negative effects so severe it was quickly deemed unworkable – and for the same reasons. sale and taxation of Cannabis would be wholly regulated by state authorities. of Marijuana by Responsible Adults Act (HR 5843) which initially died in committee. Mass. Frustration that people are being wrongly-deprived of medical marijuana due to outdated and restrictive laws is a sentiment strongly echoed in several of Paul’s previous statements. . Dr. and it is true that on many issues their views are entirely unaligned. has attracted significant media attention. The bill’s authors do however stress that it is ‘not a legalization bill’. John Conyers (Mich. Barney Frank. it seems that the link between these two very different politicians is not so tenuous after all. and in 2008 proposed the Personal Use HOUSE REP. This bill was each time co-sponsored and supported by Ron Paul. vote. it would be contradictory to his stance to condone Federal control over most everyday aspects of life. However. Nevertheless.). his interest in pro-marijuana legislation apparently extends beyond the hypothetical: Paul has even promoted the cause of industrial hemp in the past. FOR THE 4TH DISTRICT OF MASSACHUSETTS and Frank continue their liaisons in the future and that Dr. showing not only the level to which this elder statesman is informed. On June 23rd. there is a RON PAUL HAS LENT HIS NAME TO AN OTHERWISE ALL-DEMOCRAT PROPOSITION and damaging to society.) and Barbara Lee (Calif. Such bi-partisan arrangements – while not uncommon – are likely to attract more attention in the media.and foreign policies. all such publicity is good publicity for the Cannabis cause. it’s clear there is yet another subject upon which they agree – and have done for some time. Texas). When it comes to marijuana. the popular liberal. However. only to die again. and was in itself remarkable in that HR 2306 SEEKS TO REMOVE MARIJUANA REGULATION FROM THE JURISDICTION OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND HAND IT BACK TO THE STATE. and that nations should begin reviewing current drug policy with a possible view to eventual legalization..). and perhaps a few more Congressional Representatives will stop and think for a moment longer when considering HR 2306. AS WAS EFFECTIVELY THE CASE PRIOR TO 1937 As a staunch supporter of small government. with its bi-partisan authorship. was proposed to Congress by Ron Paul (R. Paul would remain so emphatically in favor of pro-marijuana legislation – were his presidential campaign to prove successful. Ron Paul is known for his na issues. The expectation is that the excessive levels of criminality involved in the Cannabis industry will decrease with the more favorable legislation and regulations many states have already begun to implement. it is a positive step in the continuing effort to raise awareness in political circles. Production. It is to be hoped that Congressmen Paul good chance of this bill getting at least a little floor time. let alone the House. with trafficking offenses remaining under Federal jurisdiction. His stance is informed by a long belief in the states’ ability to govern themselves. Much has been made of the so-called ‘unlikely’ partnership between Ron Paul and Barney Frank. Steve Cohen (Tenn. as was effectively the case prior to 1937. FOR TEXAS’S 14TH DISTRICT ground in marijuana campaigning and a consistent pro-hemp voting record. and de facto leader of the libertarian Tea Party movement. He has a proven record over the past few years on pro-marijua- BARNEY FRANK. With levels of public interest remaining high. a strong dislike of the ‘nanny state’ – and belief in self-determination and our inherent freedom to decide what to put into our bodies. and four further democrats: Reps. DEMOCRATIC RON PAUL. as well as to campaign in favor of online gambling within the US. While previous proposed bills have sought to limit Federal control or legalize certain aspects of marijuana or hemp.’ Frank also authored the State’s Right to Medical Marijuana Act in 2001. Federal raids on dispensaries would no longer occur as citizens invoking their right to cultivate. they have teamed up in the past to campaign for reductions in military spending.LEGISLATION 9 HR 2306: Ending Federal Marijuana Prohibition Act of 2011 A MAJOR SHIFT IN THE APPROACH TO US MARIJUANA LEGISLATION. Although the bill is sure to be opposed by many. BOTH RON PAUL AND BARNEY FRANK HAVE A STRONG BACKGROUND IN PROHEMP AND MARIJUANA CAMPAIGNING. and was re-proposed in 2009.

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If you believe in something. Eddy advises to get the most out of Cannabis: “Go slow and enjoy the benefits. California cities.” To learn more about Eddy’s case and those of other Green Prisoners.” Cannabis without paying black market prices or contributing to the cash flow of underworld smugglers. Grubbycup Linda developed thyroid cancer. We were still planting as late as May or June.” Irrigated by a drip system with overhead misters. 25 acres of land were held by the Church for use by the congregation. versus the overseeing Federal government’s more restrictive stance. which we proved (in spite of where I am) that we could do.” Sadly. She goes to many events and never tires of telling the world of our FIGHT FOR JUSTICE. as a rattlesnake with a broken back. they are still striking out at everyone in their death throes. follow your dreams. but artificial lighting is much more expensive than using natural sunlight. Current prescription costs are beyond the financial grasp of many. especially the closer relationships you will have with the ‘most high’ as you understand it. His garden was operated in compliance with California State law. and offered a way for people to obtain medical islation allowing some local use of marijuana rises. I am most definitely a political prisoner. If you try and work hard enough they will all come TRUE. he would devote the rest of [his] life to helping people and telling them about the Sacred Plant. Linda passed away shortly before Eddy was arrested. discuss making provisions for large scale licensed indoor cultivation. It began with FDR and has resulted in the loss of our greatest asset: the great American farmer. Eddy is housed at Lompoc Federal Prison Camp in California. He became involved with helping people connect with safe access to medical Cannabis after his father was diagnosed with cancer..” Time goes slowly for imprisoned Eddy. after the loss of his first wife. and sadly as a nation.” When asked about his first wife Linda. As the number of states where democratically-passed leg- MOST DISPENSARIES CHARGE $15-$25 A GRAM FOR MEDICAL MARIJUANA. A Rastafari minister. helping. and using natural and organic nutrients. at some point the Federal government should accept the will of the citizens. but in conflict with Federal law.” country means they “are really no worse than the rest of Corporate America. “I believe they have already lost the fight but. There is little to do and less to care about. my strength. CA until his conviction and sentencing in 2008. AIDS patients and other medical users seeking to grow their own medicinal Cannabis – and Rastafarian sacrament. “Life in prison is very boring. Eddy contends that the religious use of Cannabis is nothing new: “It is the main ingredient in the holy anointing oil in the Bible. write. Through the Church the cost was about a dollar a gram.’” Rev. and smoking marijuana helped. I have kept my word as Jah did for me. I [play] Bocci. According to Eddy. She was one of the kindest souls I have ever met and just about all who knew her will testify to that. There are eight million people without health insurance in California. love and puka shells. Eddy explains. highlighting the problems related to using only traditional cancer read. In a democracy. Judge Marilyn Patel noted the ten-year mandatory minimum was excessive. In March they were still being planted. I am never closer to Jah as when I use the Sacred Herb. the legalized extortion of money that the insurance and pharmaceutical companies are allowed to enjoy in this “We started in December with plants going into the ground. Even while Eddy is serving out his sentence for similar activities. Arrested in California. “Either you never met her or you loved her.. and an appeal is in process.” Cannabis has been illegal in California for less than 100 years. Most dispensaries charge $15-$25 a gram for medical marijuana. but did not mitigate his sentence. and again forced Eddy to watch a loved one suffer. “From what I understand they are all indoors and that makes them cost prohibitive. the will of the majority of the population should determine the direction of government. Eddy’s congregation was comprised of cancer patients. to a woman whom he says “is the love of my life. “At his memorial his doctor told me I added several months to his life by having him smoke marijuana. visit » www.” Eddy eventually remarried. he “made a promise to Jah (God) that in exchange for spiritual strength for his wife. and medical care charges more to private citizens than it does to insurance companies. my friend. such as Oakland. ‘Eddy’s Medicinal Gardens and MultiDenominational Chapel of Cannabis and Rastafari’ was a dream. I fear for our future as a world power. a belief that we could help ourselves and others without help or aid from the government. She was my ‘Little Bitty Pretty One. THROUGH THE CHURCH THE COST WAS ABOUT A DOLLAR A GRAM. If the big business and the banks aren’t brought to heel soon.” There are six-and-a-half more years remaining in Eddy’s sentence. Big business is killing this country. the re-legalization movement seems to be making progress. Grubbycup awaiting appeal. indoors allows for increased security and seasonal flexibility. many of them are wonderful people and we would all be better off with many of them home with their families.” The Church made charitable donations to the local poor. The illness made eating difficult for his father. it is only a matter of time. She was a healer and was able to help many people. and pressure from citizens to restore that freedom to the citizenry is mounting. The guys I am in here with.” The Church was “loved and wellreceived. my partner. “I broke no laws in the state of California. When she developed cancer. Today.12 GREEN PRISONERS POLITICAL PRISONER AND ACTIVIST EDDY LEPP TALKS WITH SOFT SECRETS USA Eddy Lepp Speaks Eddy Lepp owned and operated Eddy’s Medicinal Gardens in Lake County.Green-Aid. She was special. Peace. Eddy inhabited the gray area between what states claim to be the rights of its citizens to seek non-pharmaceutical relief. Growing Cannabis “THE WAR ON DRUGS HAS FAILED!” 5 “ONE MORE WAY THAT HEMP PLASTIC COULD SAVE OUR LIVES” 17 “HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS” 20 .

Now. are suddenly looking at it in a favorable light. The public know this. folks. Meanwhile in the criminal world. it is the police who serve the warrant and make the arrest. should you come to visit the fair city of Amsterdam and want to buy some weed. The new weed pass will fit very well into their plan. but it doesn’t stop there. then fight about it with the European Parliament later. This is a mistake of Himalayan proportions and experts have told them so. with a few changes. The city of Amsterdam is against the plan and a number of other cities in Holland have also expressed doubts. because the card is not valid anywhere else. It is believed the government All this is happening in a time when the French. when we had lots of bad drugs and violence on the streets. He suggests the government should set aside a hundred thousand acres and start major cultivation. (PHOTO: MARCEL VAN HOORN) them to visitors is not only stupid. A Monsieur Valiant. prices have been rising steadily. There have been rumors of a rather cynical plan that would explain the continuing onslaught on the growers. This is a moment for some clear-headed thinking and an admission that recreational wants to push the price to over thirty dollars a gram and then tax it. a tradition as Dutch as tulips and cheese. they want to turn our coffeeshops into private clubs. the move will expand an already huge black market. has been wrestling with the ‘Cannabis problem’ since they first got together in their grubby little pact. the Dutch government is busy banging another nail into the coffin of Cannabis tourism. ‘the police will deal with it. but the government in The Hague is not listening. they will just have to buy off the street. Sure. Importers and non-licensed growers would still be prosecuted. why can’t Holland? So. champagne corks are already popping. THEN YOU’RE OUT OF LUCK… UNLESS YOU HAVE A ‘WIETPAS’ (WEED PASS) coffeeshops. address and social security number. This is dangerous territory and infringes upon our human rights. who until now have been the bad guys with their relentless persecution of the Cannabis user. but the government will not listen. Fortunately there are number of groups challenging the law on the grounds of discrimination (which is against a current EEC law). friendly city. When medical marijuana became big news in the States. but the Minister of Justice is just pig-headed enough to try and push it through. but discriminatory and a denial of people’s rights. tax paying resident. despite all the advice to the contrary. visited by millions of people and (according to the statistics) a quarter of them will safely visit a coffeeshop. but not so harshly. Then the highly-taxed product would be sold in local tobacconists. After that. an ex-cabinet minister. ours will be run by the justice department and they will want everybody’s name and number. but then private enterprise takes over. probably involving money. and tourists were ripped off all the time. Unfortunately you can only get one of these if you’re a legal. whether it’s good or bad. Amsterdam is a clean. RESIDENT TAX-PAYERS WILL BE ELIGIBLE FOR THE DUTCH GEDOOGKABINET (TOLERANCE CABINET) THE NEW CARD – EFFECTIVELY PRIVATE MEMBERSHIP. also. etc. They have decided they don’t want your dollars any more and the next time you visit Europe they’d prefer if you went elsewhere to smoke your dope. you’ll have buy from your nearest coffeeshop. as I write this. In order to get a pass you have to register your name. they realized it was an opportunity to do the same in Holland. after all the ID checks.AMSTERRANT 13 Dutch Weed Pass: THANK YOU. they would prefer a more liberal approach. This could be a law within six months. So much for free choice. To close THIS TINY CARD COULD INCITE A HUGE UPROAR. if France can come up with something positive. Quality will go down and there is the added opportunity to get involved in a violent street crime. has put forth a proposal to bring Cannabis under the same law that governs tobacco. tourists will potentially only be able to access the passes from their hotel reception or doormen. SHOULD YOU VISIT AMSTERDAM AND WANT TO BUY SOME WEED. This is sending us back to the ‘80s. Well. Yes. Whereas the US system is run by medical practitioners. Today. They wished Cannabis didn’t exist. They even know when you buy and how much because payment must be done with a bank card – no more cash. or. if you’re lucky you might find something good and buy the maximum allowance – three whole grams! ONLY LEGAL. bringing in enough revenue to kick-start the economy. This is the same justice department that carries out more telephone taps than any other country in the world. negatively impact a job application or a custody hearing. In their war on the growers. the pass is only valid in the coffeeshop nearest to where you live. When the Minister of Justice was asked about the increase in street dealing that would follow such a move. private companies now deal with a large part of the busts. you have finally been issued with a weed pass and you need a smoke. As a result of all the busts. but we Cannabis use poses no threat whatsoever to society. along with all the weirdos who smoke it. off limits to you and all other visitors to Holland. so why don’t politicians get it? It makes me wonder if there isn’t some ulterior motive.. an unelected coalition of tight-assed racists and poker-faced deniers. but a hundred mature plants can get you a 10K fine and the chance of a life-changing experience. PLEASE DON’T COME AGAIN Well. What if this information falls into the wrong hands? It could have far-reaching effects: denial of auto insurance. because they will have everybody’s bank.and personal details. then you’re out of luck… unless you have a ‘wietby O’Riodon pas’ (weed pass).’ They’ve just cut the police force. Weed may be ‘legal’ in the do. This government. In a brain-churning stroke of ostrich politics. his reply was simply. .

so we go very far with our customer service. takes the whole back cover of the High Times for an advertisement. and now he was selling his own seeds as if they were Serious. selling the seeds as if they are real. it’s written about in forums and so on. such as Bubblegum and AK-47. although I can’t remember where I saw them. sometimes not selling anything at all. So pirates have been there from the start – because it’s lucrative. and I’m not here to advise other companies. The days of popping over to Amsterdam or asking a friend to send or bring some back are over. Soft Secrets: You were talking about ripping off the names of weed strains. We have a list of legit sites. It has happened already that companies copy the packaging too. and blah blah blah. but I don’t visit forums a lot so can’t say where for sure. when you had Skunk and Northern Lights already and in Amsterdam there were shops with seeds with those names way cheaper than the original. They can make lawsuits and all the rest. the Cannabis seed business is a victim of the ease with which ideas can be ripped off and copied. which websites are not to be trusted? I have seen such sites. especially those who are not in the position of being able to browse real-life shops for their growing needs. especially when you are operating internationally. So I called the shop. If they buy seeds and they have a bad experience – even if they fucked up themselves – we give them new seeds. Serious Seeds has a shop list of legitimate shops on its website which sell the real thing. but in our business we are far more limited. So you can see that they take over good ideas. This is only because of this problem. Prada and branded cigarettes that are being faked and pirated. The idea usually is just to sell them and wash your hands [of it]. they come to buy our WHITE RUSSIAN IS ONE OF THE MANY LEGENDARY STRAINS CREATED BY SERIOUS SEEDS . it seems. and from the type of the complaint it was clear that these were not Serious Seeds they were getting. I’m getting complaints here and they’re not getting Serious Seeds from you. cyber-squatters and pirates. If you’re buying seeds off the Internet by name. The ‘Net. But as with the rest of the ‘Net. and we keep a database of that. Very little. Growers are basically victims.14 INTERVIEW Pirates of the High Seeds The Internet has been a huge boon for growers around the world. ‘No. I also get emails regularly from people ‘I bought these AK seeds from this shop – are they real?’ Sometimes they are and sometimes they’re not. People ‘buy’ something by credit card and never get anything. and only if they’re really lucky do they get the real thing. Lots of people are trying to parasitize on the popularity of certain names. But we have done it since Day One. said ‘hey man. let’s say. OSB – a shop from Canada. you’re obviously selling seeds as if they were Serious’ – and he didn’t even bother to deny it. old-school seed breeder extraordinaire and owner of Serious Seeds. SSUSA spoke to Simon. We want them to have a good experience with our seeds. And that is interesting enough for pirates to want to copy. We guarantee this. and it filters back to me. yep. So would you like to see or would you advise other companies to be as careful as Serious in documenting and labeling their varieties? Copying what you’re doing? You can see that the main interest of establishing companies is still making money. I don’t know exactly how other companies deal with complaints. It is a lot of hassle to do it: checking numbers. I started to sell the seed tubes and now almost everybody is doing it. and we By Jules Marshall operate in a world that is not really protected like regular companies are. are among the worst hit by this scurrilous activity. it’s not just Chanel. Simon: Yes. Nobody else is doing it. His first line of argument was that he had to deal with possible complaints. But at some point we got a couple of complaints very close to each other from their customers. I’ll give you an example of one case – Ontario Seed Bank. So the fact that nobody does it is already pointing in that direction. but I don’t think it is. The names and intellectual property of well-known quality weed strains are being increasingly ripped off too – but without the protection in law granted to legitimate businesses. basically. The packaging was sort of mine. And with virtually no chance of them being caught. They pay for all those people who parasitize on them. We are also the only company that guarantees our seeds – to protect the customer. People can ask whether shops not on the list are real or not. is a haven for fly-by-night merchants. Its sort of ‘upper-middle class’. but not the full labeling. He used to buy Serious Seeds from us. It’s very widespread. Today. you’re making money while giving us a bad name. they can call and check ‘is this a good one or not?’ It’s all to protect the end customer. lots of times you will find what you get is not what you anticipated. right to the last detail. it may sound like a trivial thing. How much are pirates typically making on ripped off seeds? How much cheaper are generic seeds compared to branded AK-47 seeds from you? AK-47 is not the most expensive seed but it is certainly not a cheap one either. They build pirate websites. When did you first become aware of this problem with piracy? Before I had started my own business. If they’re lucky they get bogus seeds. whose award-winning household names. Serious Seeds is the only company as far as I know who individually number each seed package. According to him he wasn’t doing anything wrong. but not totally. especially the Spanish companies. People know that. Basically: ‘What do you care? If they have complaints I have to face them. talked to the owner. Are there independent websites where growers can discuss among themselves which seeds or sellers are legit. He’s been operating for a couple of years. So 80 Euros (ca. It’s a widespread thing. There are also Black Lists too.’ I said. fielding complaints. $115) for 11 seeds. He had been selling our seeds for a while. I was a grower back then.

What you also see is people start a website and start selling seeds. and it’s not permitted to mention all the awards the strain has won. because they pay the price. It means when I pay for an ad in a booklet or guide or whatever. a Jack 47. Heineken was there or a cigarette company? I tell you what the difference is: we’re dealing with a very relaxed. because they think it’s funny. Yes. After my intervention they changed the name to something referring to or close to AK-47. seeds. and are registered in Canada. GROWERS ARE BASICALLY VICTIMS. goes to the shop and asks for AK-47. they don’t know enough about erate action against Serious Seeds. to name only a few. they are not in the business and know no better. To take part under those conditions is just degrading to the original and to my company. So just pinching your names and sticking them on their own seeds? Yep. They sell seeds of course. this is seldom copied. not your copies. All we can do is try to protect our interests and name as best we can. which is fine. Unlike the name of the seeds.15 decides: that’s what I want.’ Finally they understood my point. selling them under their own name. and someone else started a site called paradiseseeds. so they don’t appreciate the problem. there’s a lot to say about this subject. this issue. Like I said.’ He thought it was perfectly fine to do that. that he shouldn’t be confused with names that are the same or similar and he’s not getting what he wanted. White Label seeds and others but there are still a lot of companies selling AK-47 at some point. So there you have it. and at some point Wow. not really living up to the and the rogue site is attracting attention away from the original site. Sensi Seeds and so on. Kaya 47. I guess one answer is to do something like they’re starting to set up in America. Before they buy their seeds. Nirvana promised they’d change the name. look at the website of the company to see if it is a legit shop. Now it is all about big companies in Spain growing massive amounts of seeds and selling to everyone. you could put out inquires. But when you see them all printed together it looks like they are all in the same league. You have to stop immediately. . They all seem like equals in the booklet but I see them as copies and in my opinion. nl. you don’t want to moan about it all the time. So what should growers do to safeguard their choice of seeds? Another thing you see is… Paradise Seeds contacted me – no I contacted them. he’s doing it with other companies too. then the chances of success are greater. Several coffeeshops in Amsterdam are starting to sell seeds under their own name. it’s back to the old Caveat Emptor – buyer beware. but you have to pay a lot of money for such protection. There are seeds called OK-57. and they did: to AK-48! The best thing is to check which company has made the seeds. From customers I know. So you have to be on the lookout even here in Amsterdam. There is. Olé 47. If something just reminds you of AK-47. All copies of the original AK-47. AK-47 as if it’s completely normal. they agreed to stop using my names. ultimately. and is still doing it. let alone internationally. You have to look at all these things to boost your chance of success. a couple of years ago. Armageddon 47 and Jack 47. variations on names is common throughout the industry. with complete documentation from seed to consumer. Like that it is clear that they were derived from AK-47. that’s one way. to make them realize that this is going on. But it’s very hard to find out who’s behind it. I found out a couple of months ago that nowadays… this business started with small seed companies. don’t just go by the name. nonpoisonous product. theirs are legal and ours is not. There have been cases and law suits about names already. but there is no danger of confusion with the original. I mean. They are offered seeds under these names and they buy them and sell them. They’re even harder to track down. But my concern is that the customer. I guess when the seeds business was mostly confined to Amsterdam or Holland. so I think we have a responsibility to warn them. A company in Amsterdam – Spliff – just started selling Bubblegum. If those two are matched. I went along with the name changes by Nirvana. where you treat the marihuana industry like any other branch of the agricultural industry. and after three months shut the whole business down and start a new thing. THEY PAY FOR ALL THOSE PEOPLE WHO PARASITIZE ON THEM. maybe find out what was going on through your personal networks and had a bit more control. but in European courts they have a hard time not to burst out laughing. It’s all about money. They look very similar but are not. and since it was not a delibAs a variant. right next to my entry is an AK-48. So a customer has to not just look at the name but also look at the company who is producing it. It’s happening in Holland. Chronic – popular names. then it’s OK by me. Or so I hope. That’s how weird it can get. Nirvana started selling AK-47 until I spotted this at a Cannabis Cup a few years ago and said ‘What the AK-47 IS PROBABLY THE MOST COPIED NAME IN THE BUSINESS fuck is this? You’re using my name. and you also find out what the packaging looks like. when he smokes alone or with friends some AK-47. Luckily I found out right away. My names are protected in Benelux. but with the Internet it’s almost impossible. Oké 47. The coffeeshops that are buying them. while they are selling really dangerous drugs – except. they just start selling seeds with somebody else’s name. Especially when all you can have printed is the name and flowering time. That is also difficult: people who did not lift a finger to make seeds themselves – they have no clue how much time it takes. Their website is called paradiseseeds. Also. AK-47 is probably the most copied name in the business. But what is the difference to this and if Mr. That is my main concern. but it is also good for the end customer. they’re all bought from a big producer – and guess what? They started selling seeds which are originally Serious names: Bubblegum. So now there are coffeeshops or grow shops and bars or whatever. AK-74.


cables. Due to their versatile nature. Their characteristics depend on the resin used.e. materials and products. trees and soil. all of which show remarkable resistance to tearing and cutting as well as to fire and heavy impacts. light material (to be used as a substitute for steel in racing tires) that researchers found that in a solution of concentrated sulfuric acid. MAKING IT IDEAL FOR USES SUCH AS THIS SAILCLOTH. and with consumer awareness at an all-time high. When spun. which cause them to form ring-like structures. (© PHIDAUEX) . upon repeated heating. prices remain high. and it is much easier to slap a patent on a synthetic product than one based on plants growing abundantly in nature. they can be molded and remolded into shapes that will be retained when cooled) or thermosetting. There are now several grades of Kevlar on offer in the form of various papers. supplies inconsistent and public awareness minimal. These have a number of uses extending beyond the original use in car tires. mean- KEVLAR HAS A VERY HIGH TENSILE STRENGTH-TO-WEIGHT RATIO. and dangerous to work with in an industrial setting. not all possibilities are being as explored as they should. Even though the very first plastics were of organic origin. highly heat-resistant synthetic polymers mostly developed for military and aerospace applications. These fibers. the propensity for ‘aromatic stacking interactions’ gives the fiber incredible strength and consistency: this UNPROCESSED STATE (©CJP24) A DIAGRAM OF THE MOLECULAR STRUCTURE OF KEVLAR. advances in hemp plastic have meant that a wide selection of products is now available. the ‘bast’ fibers of the hemp plant) is mixed with a resin. or poly(p-phenyleneterephtalamide). the more we at SSUSA feel we are doing something to assist their efforts. this produces a fiber. we must find sustainable and environmentally acceptable alternatives soon. ultra-strong Kevlar fiber can be woven to produce textiles. meaning that it is an excellent insulator and can be used in fire-proof clothing. so while it is possible to import hemp longed heat. fly in them. are usually created in the laboratory in the form of synthetic polymers – nylon. where a reinforcing fiber (in this case. but if reheated retain their characteristics and cannot be remolded. (© HENRY HEATLY) DUE TO ITS FIRE-PROOF NATURE. we even use them as armor. and further research was undertaken immediately.and vehicle armor to cover ropes. trees and soil.4-phenylene-diamine and terephthaloyl chloride take on a polymerized liquid crystal form. but the impetus needs to increase still further before we see universal uptake of sustainable technologies. Some of them are capable of withstanding intense and proKevlar. Aramids are the class of highstrength. Furthermore. In the USA. or layered with resin and thermoset to form composite plastics. cylindrical shape – somewhat like a stack of coins. it was while attempting to develop a strong. drive in them. and rapidly became seen as indispensable. The more publicity that we can bring to these innovative hemp researchers. SHOWING THE INTERLINKED POLYMER RINGS (© BEN MILLS EPHEMERONIUM) “With plastic waste choking the oceans. Kevlar is also very stable in extremes of temperature – especially sub-zero levels – and has very low thermal conductivity. that does not break in the way that nylon and other synthetic fibers do – due to strong. A further disadvantage is its low resistance to sunlight and tendency to degrade under UV light. Without a return to a vastly simpler existence. and research into further potential uses is picking up pace in many countries of the world. walk on them. and with every new piece of research a new incentive emerges for others to join in the movement. severe impacts and exposure to extremely corrosive or harmful chemicals. Plastics formed in this way can be thermoplastic (i. when not sourced from organic materials (such as hemp or flax). With time. The latter type of plastics is formed at high temperatures.HEMPTECH 17 by Kali Mist Bullet-proof: Plastics are everywhere. yarns and fibers. and are the best-known current application of body. Even the biggest global businesses are beginning to recognize the potential for bio-plastics. more and more sectors of industry will become aware of the advantages of hemp plastic. The resulting ultra-thin. which was revolutionary in the world of polymer research at that time. The most significant developments have arguably been in the field of composite plastics. there’s no way we can get rid of them any time soon. is a synthetic ‘para-aramid’ polyamide fiber developed and patented by DuPont in 1965. eco-friendly ethics are becoming the safest choice for companies wishing to maintain their profit margins. KEVLAR HAS MANY USES – AS SEEN HERE WITH THESE FIRE-STICK WICKS. as the multinationals have been demonstrating for years.” Over the last decade or so. we must find sustainable and environmentally acceptable alternatives soon. the monomers 1. the fiber used to provide strength and durability. But there is only so much the planet can stand – and with plastic waste choking the oceans. is the tendency for said polymer rings to respond to molecular forces during processing and grow in an even. due to a combination of inter-related factors – domestic hemp production remains illegal. as well as heat-containing linings for aircraft. around five times stronger than steel. brake linings and sporting equipment. There’s no escaping them in modern life – we wear them. but more importantly. weblike inter-molecular bonds between the polymer chains. The new fiber had astonishing potential as a substitute for steel and more. in the form of Kevlar and other similar technologies. para-aramids have the best strength-to-weight ratio of them all. However. One More Way That Hemp Plastic Could Save Our Lives THE KEVLAR FIBER IN ITS However. Kevlar is generally expensive to produce due to the fact that concentrated sulfuric acid is costly. synthetic plastics became the standard. or organic plant-based resins to form a wholly ‘natural’ plastic. such as unsaturated polyester. there is a huge amount of money to be made in plastics. But the small number of innovative organizations out there that are investing heavily into hemp research is slowly growing. acrylic and carbon fiber are common examples.

than current industry standard materials – and not just Kevlar but also glass. These textiles are used in a wide variety of protective or industrial clothing due to their fire and chemical-resistant properties. which increases its softness and suppleness. such as those made from Kevlar. as well as body armor and even powerboat hulls. and are filling up landfills and the ocean everywhere one looks with harmful detritus that will never decompose. However. The question now is.22 and a . which produces a toxic dust. In at least one of its uses. and thus are useful in manufacture of lightweight materials that can be used as automobile paneling (also for armored vehicles). in innumerable . much research has gone into the field of thermosetting composites. can easily run into the hundreds or thousands of dollars. These jackets still represent a significant advance in hemp fiber research – and demonstrate major potential for the future. the potential for hemp in such a massive sector of industry simply cannot be ignored. the raw hemp fibers can also be treated in various ways to alter the characteristics of the finished fiber. who offer a level II-A bulletproof men’s jacket. While clothing based upon hemp is still expensive. and in many cases stronger. such as those from projectiles. as well as comparing to or out-performing silk in many aspects.18 HEMP HOODLAMB’S BULLET-PROOF MEN’S JACKET (© GABE MCINTYRE) ing that additional protective measures are often needed. as well as manufacture of weaponry and defensive items. But it seems that everything Kevlar can do. The Kevlar fiber can also be woven into textiles. ironically. However. “While it is possible to import hemp materials and products. (© JI-ELLE) used in US research into Kevlar alternatives. in brake pads. is useful in extremes of temperature. Car companies such as Honda. as a more benign alternative to asbestos. is not actively researching bullet-proof clothing themselves. and maybe better. Crailar. Naturally Advanced Technologies. Hemp composites have been shown to be equally strong. and are likely channeling further capital into R & D. The Amsterdam company HempWorks has an in-house clothing label. and the closer we look at natural composites. often ‘disposable’. such products are neither well-known nor widely-available. as it appears to be even stronger and lighter. Hemp Hoodlamb. Interestingly. and silk farming in general is often less than eco-friendly. more relaxed laws and a much cheaper and more consistent supply) hemp plastic and fiber products are increasingly known and used. a reasonable level of protection against handguns for an urban or police application. HEMP FIBER HAS A COMPARABLE. it’s only right that we actually give them a reason for hating. IF NOT BETTER. and hemp fiber technology still has a little catching up to do. There are countless different applications. packaging. While remarkably strong in itself. are mostly non-biodegradable. and is also being trialled in modern Thailand as a low-cost alternative to standard bulletproof clothing for police. The silk of a particular Black Widow spider is even being fired from a Glock 9mm. even those based upon traditional plastics. sports equipment. It is produced by washing the hemp fiber in a ‘patented enzymatic bath’. In the automobile industry in general (but especially in Europe where there is a long tradition of hemp cultivation. so as a sustainable option it is clearly favorable. Chrysler and Mercedes are all using hemp plastic as we speak. prices remain high. Costs of such discreet bullet-proof clothing. silk itself was used in some of the earliest bullet-proof vests. hazardous and often costly production processes.and carbonreinforced composites (which are currently used in pretty much everything you or I own). seeking alternatives to these current standards is imperative. and it would be expected that costs will continue to fall as the industry continues to pick up pace.357 Magnum. The fact that the industry is worth so much money is in itself significant in that there is almost unlimited funding available from the top multinationals for research and development. fast-growing and (usually) cheap. hemp plastics offer a cheaper and more sustainable option. Hempreinforced plastics can have an impact but are capable of protecting against otherwise highly dangerous impacts. At least one treated hempfiber product is already available. it is competitive. Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology are even investigating the potential to create electricity-generating clothing by interweaving zinc oxide nanowires between the Kevlar fibers.” resistance and tensile strength ten times that of steel. Hemp is abundant. Lower-cost alternatives for Kevlar are constantly being sought. who will be the next industry giant to take up the challenge of making hemp economically viable? Certain stalwarts of the plastics industry would do well to pay attention to the growing hype around hemp. tested with shots different areas of industry: construction. and due to the thermo-regulating properties of hemp. the fiber demonstrates many of the necessary characteristics. It would be most fitting if a hemp-based plastic could knock DuPont’s product off the top spot. discreet items of clothing that are not apparently armored that demonstrates remarkable tensile strength. Given the rabid hostility demonstrated by DuPont towards the innocent hemp plant since the 1930s. the silk vests tested so far have reached up to level III-A. hemp can do just as well. the more necessary it seems to make them the norm – and fast! While most lovers of Cannabis have no desire to see the plant used for military or law-enforcement purposes. The fire-resistant nature of many hemp fibers and fiber composites also makes them particularly strong potential candidates for substitution of Kevlar when used for manufacture of protective clothing for firemen – and other fire-proof items such as fireeaters sticks. The fiber can also be used as a basis for composite plastics. very good strength-to-weight ratio. Since their discovery in the 19th century. so is obviously more suitable for an urban setting than for high-risk police work or warfare. and it is clear there is much still to be done before hemp products replace Kevlar and other environmentally-damaging plastics. Although the company behind Crailar. However. Therefore. This discreet item has a fairly low protection rating due to the thin layer of polymer textile over the standard shell of the jacket. STRENGTH-TO-WEIGHT RATIO AND IS AN IDEAL SUBSTITUTE FOR KEVLAR IN MANY APPLICATIONS. these spiders are rare. supplies inconsistent and public awareness minimal. fashion and jewelery. replacing Kevlar with hemp composite plastic would reduce the cost by a factor of around fifteen. and high durability (as well as an almost silk-like texture when woven into textiles). Kevlar is used here. Many of these everyday plastics have a truly terrible environmental track record – they require lengthy. and in this manner can be used to make lightweight. vehicles. a .



we dry them out and we grow them in the pre-flower.” The process “We select between four and six plants. others fear that they may be creating ‘zombie weed’ due to their unnatural origin. The water in Amsterdam is really good anyway – I think if you look up tap waters around the world. Because copper is a required micronutrient. “Our seeds are stored at room temperature for preservation. to see if any will turn. and we grow typically between 12 and 20 plants in six. Then. “Some of the genetics that we have aren’t suited to be feminized because they PRE-VEGGED FEMALE CLONES ARE INTRODUCED TO THE HERMAPHRODITE/SPRAYED PLANTS. and they test them for us straight away.” STS is a compound often found in photography labs. then we spray them again – typically over six plants. “I started with feminized in my early days of growing. was not the only reason. we use what works. Five to six days afterward (depending on the strain and the quickness of flower) we spray it again with about three-and-a-half to four liters of distilled water mixed with STS formula. but it works. HEALTHY. the best medium. we lose our entire batch of seeds. “We remove the STS-sprayed plants after seven weeks of flowering. the STS method seems to be the most successful one in the industry. We treat it as though we were flowering the weed. if any one of them will produce a hermaphrodite. rather than the same. however. that’s how we do it. We don’t use RO water because we don’t stay in these places too long. For us. So we’re trying to provide the market with what the demand is. organic composts to allow it to naturally grow. a soil and worm casting mix with good nutrients. depending on the efforts of the grower. HERMIES ARE REMOVED TO ALLOW THE FEMALES SPACE TO FINISH FLOWERING. it was the seemingly overnight demand for and rampant popularity of these ‘all-female’ seeds. Amsterdam is known for having a really good source of tap water. the DHSC explain how they utilize the STS method (Silver Thiosulfate) to produce feminized Cannabis genetics. Basically. and from talking to many people who make feminized seeds. “The third reason: just because it was a new thing that everyone thought would “Then.” While checking out a variety of feminization techniques. And even when we do test we still don’t know. One half of the company explains: solve all their problems. And on that. the silver in which ‘locks out’ the copper in plants. When you put them in storage for long periods you can put them in the fridge. “We also know from experience that it’s better to store them at room temperature in a cool.21 In issue #3 of SSUSA. and we’ll use up to six liters of a mixed STS formula. out of all the thousands of seeds. it appears to be the favorite. so I know why people who are just starting need feminized seeds: lack of space. and then we spray them again with the same dosage. “From that point we take female clones that have already been pre-vegged. Hermaphrodites Mixed-gender plants can ruin entire grow rooms. Some argue that they’re the best thing to happen to both small growers and those with huge plots of land to cover. they don’t have to maintain a library. lights. LEDs just don’t work: this is seed production. as seed producers. to give you a harder. such as gender expression. and then we begin to see the onset of hermaphrodites starting to occur. if you want to do refrigerated storage that’s your decision. It’s complicated. dry. five milliliters to every one liter of distilled water. They were generous enough to share their company secrets and explain how they got started. When they’re sprayed. too. So how do the DHSC combat hermaphroditism? “By selection of good clones that originally have been around here so long – long before feminized seeds – and they were grown from original genetics. That. we introduced you to the Devil’s Harvest Seed Company. garbage out. Outdoor growers get the benefit of maximized space. thus. for indoor growers. CAREFUL SELECTION OF TRULY FEMALE CLONES WILL HELP TO GUARANTEE SUCCESS IN THE SEED-MAKING PROCESS. which is fucking hard. that’s your choice as a customer. it works. This will also affect the quality of seeds. If any do. On that three-week period.” The testing process is mandatory for any seed producer wishing to survive in this industry. Also. It’s about giving you really good seeds that will last long-term in eleven liter pots. For this reason the DHSC attempts to produce their seeds carefully and in good conditions. solid shell on your seed. we spray them a third time with a very heavy dosage. new flavors every few months. Until they come up with a new invention we won’t use anything else. simple as that. relatively new faces on the Amsterdam seed scene. We provide them to certain growers to test. which will repress certain traits. It just isn’t 100% safe for us. “We’re not saying it’s 100% until we test. Fifteen minute break. THE PRE-FLOWERING FEMALES ARE IMPREGNATED. In this issue. Why feminized? Feminized strains are a hot topic of debate in the Cannabis industry. and we take them into the room and introduce them to the hermaphrodite/sprayed plants. and the new female plants that have just started their pre-flower accept that pollen and. It seems to be the most reliable. When the release of pollen occurs.” Genetics are not the only concern: the quality of a person’s grow room helps to insure either success or failure. seven days from that point. they grow them out and each grower will give us feedback. So. providing everything that’s good for it: all of the best nutrients we can. once we spray. the plants have fully-induced into flower. we keep them at room temperature and when you get them it’s up to you to wake up the seeds. LATER. MAKING FEMINIZED SEEDS. We use grow tents. the benefit is not having to keep a collection of mothers and clones – and constant storage. because we want to provide good seeds. VIABLE SEEDS. and to recreate something new every three months. we allow the hormones to trigger. in another two weeks – so that would be five weeks of the hermaphrodite plants flowering – they release pollen. . the DHSC found that. then they’ve got traits in there that we don’t like to find. In computer terms: garbage in. dark place. we give them a 15-minute break period. make feminized seeds. But you realize when growing with feminized that they don’t help you to develop your skills. we give them all the stresses to cause an onset of hermaphroditism. we’ll use about four liters of distilled water (with STS formula mixed in). “through trial and error. boring flavor for the next 12 months. with spraying them and leaving them out exposed to 24 hours of light while they should be in flower. but we provide it with some guanos and some of these basic. as a basic grow setup) with light leaks. “As soon as we make seeds. We use 600w HPS “One 600w HPS is used over each meter. we spray them while they’re in their dark period with a heavy dose of STS formula. WHEN POLLEN IS RELEASED. So we hope from that. So what makes a seed company decide to take the leap into the feminized realm? For the DHSC. inhibiting it causes ‘ethylene signaling’. we believe that if you want to store your seeds in the refrigerator for long-term. but it isn’t recommended for us to do it because of the large volume we have. for three to five years if in an air-tight container. why they do it and how their genetics are received Sativa Diva around the world. WELL-GROWN PLANTS WILL PRODUCE STRONG. but we don’t do that because if we refrigerate them and there’s a power outage. When we trigger them under 12 hours of light. so we know 100% that they aren’t selected clones from a feminized plant (these are real mother plants with no [hermaphrodite] traits existent in them already). “We’re using an organic mix. We don’t do it for flavor. and we take them from a vegetative state into the flowering cycle. Basically. depending on what we’re doing and how big the plants are. it’s more about safety than anything. and it’s all about timing. that we won’t cause hermaphrodites. it just allows you to grow something once. and the onset of flowering will begin. Giving it everything we can. It’s kept refrigerated. with our feminized technique. we don’t want to have leaks and we don’t trust taps and stoppers and all that. we stress them (in one room. and we allow the female plants to finish their flowering period with plenty of breathing room.

It’s not for amateurs and it’s definitely not to be left around for kids to play with.” Currently. and when you breathe it in. Being an Amsterdam seed company helps to set us apart: ‘they’ are there. Part of the key to their success is keeping an eye on the international market and understanding the differing needs of growers around the world.thedevilsharvestseeds. beloved strains don’t become extinct. The North Americans are still into the old way of weed goes in the world. and we are here. but due to legal reasons we cannot directly sell there at present. who ended up with Veteran’s Disease. ‘cause it’s an original genetic. despite knowing it’s a contaminated product? Not the DHSC: “I don’t use that stuff afterward. The silver that’s exposed.” Health concerns Hermaphrodites are one issue.22 do have hermaphrodite traits. and release it with the feminized label. It’s mainly based for indoor growing. But we’re also working on making S1 seeds with it. we still provide as well as we possibly can. we haven’t tested them in outdoor regions enough to know the results of where they are best suited.” . We’re also trying to get genetics from over there and bring them to people over here. You have to know what you’re doing. we’re so new that we haven’t even found the region that is most popular for outdoor growing with our seeds. “We’re aiming towards America and Canada. they’re using those seeds to sell and telling you that they’re feminized. So. What happens to the sprayed buds? Don’t many people secretly sell them off or smoke them any- risk at this stage. and they’re keeping the genetics alive much more than we are over here. they’re more legal in Canada than they are in the US. But we love doing what we do and that’s why we keep doing it.and feminized versions is no accident. It’s not legal THE NORTH AMERICANS ARE STILL INTO THE OLD WAY OF DOING IT. However. plus a full coverall suit. because that stuff. A willingness to pursue new customers in new regions also helps to keep growers interested. THEY GROW THEM OUT AND EACH GROWER WILL GIVE US FEEDBACK. “When we find something that is ‘our’ flavor – and our flavor is our flavor. it would only end for us. They can do things there that we can’t over here. Even though you may think it’s legal in the Netherlands. is something with a really good flavor. so we’re trying to bring every available clone that is popular in Amsterdam. but they’re not feminized. ciated with the production of feminized seeds should be more worrying. This is the guys standing next to the rocket launchers all day. the DHSC enjoys a primarily European » devilsharvestinfo@gmail. They do more groundwork. we do take precautions against things like that. but it’s because of the popularity of the strain. the exposure doesn’t end there. The two explain that “the American market is still open to regular [non-feminized] seeds. but I think it all comes back to Amsterdam. So. “At the moment. potentially causing the loss of the rent payment for months to come. We’re currently researching into old-school genetics and old strains. he tells me to just print ‘$$$$$$$$’] Retirement! To keep developing and looking for new strains and to outsource strains in different countries. It doesn’t really matter to us about the yield or how it’s grown. However.” for us to do it here. the Canadian growing style is very similar to ours over here. the major difference between some American growers and us in Europe is that they’re doing it legally and we’re doing it illegally. so we wear breathing masks and rubber gloves.. No matter where four weeks of On Being A Dutch Seed Co. “It is definitely not good for our health. number one is the flavor. but we’re also going to make crosses of it to preserve the genetic. the health concerns asso- way. The more of a challenge it becomes. when the troops inhale it. The older. the more fun it is. the DHSC have one simple criterion: they select what they like to smoke. It’s all about safety. That defines us: we’re restricted in such a way that some of America has more freedom than we do right now. as the two remind us. but that doesn’t mean that everyone in the industry is being so careful. If the spray gets on your hands. We are looking into older generations. it can bleach your skin. it’s very difficult for us to resource everything. “At the moment. AND THEY TEST THEM FOR US STRAIGHT AWAY. You’re at no The company’s tendency to produce heavy-hitting. especially with all the genetic experimentation going on these days.. they hope to change this soon.. more so than the European market. If we had a legal way of doing it. We need to keep it going. so the Army have records of people breathing this stuff in (the silver thiosulfate).” It’s this kind of open market that will help to ensure that certain. what does the future hold for DHSC? “A million dollars [big stoner laugh.” USUALLY. they were coming up with all these sicknesses. But that can change very fast. The demand goes both ways. “We need to go backwards to go forwards. Otherwise. Typically. but other people doing it. The lads suggest keeping an eye out for their Shoreline.” That’s probably sound advice regarding much of the things one would find in a grow room. the seeds should be safe. it’s not and it’s in fact frowned upon – very hard for us to do. as well as potentially contaminating your growing/flowering space. We have our genetics that North Americans crave for over there. AND THEY’RE KEEPING THE GENETICS ALIVE MUCH MORE THAN WE ARE OVER HERE are doing it just to make money and just spraying every plant. so we have to make S1s to keep the original genetic alive. You have to remember that these are serious chemicals – you must be a licensed company to buy these chemicals.” After two. “It won’t. we’d be able to do it even better. The DHSC have proven that they can adapt to the ever-changing demands of the Cannabis industry. We’re trying to do this as correctly and safely as possible.” Although they’re a relatively new company. it doesn’t mean it’s everyone’s flavor – we go with it. However. it’s the only way we can bring it to seed. The DHSC warns: “It’s definitely dangerous to your own health. SUCH AS THIS SUPER SILVER HAZE. THE DHSC ARE FEMINIZING ALL OF THEIR FAVORITE CLONES FROM THE SMOKE INDUSTRY IN A ‘PREGNANT’ FEMALE FLOWER AMSTERDAM. this is where it started and this is where it ends. They are really good lookingseeds.” ONE WOULD AVOID HAVING IN ONE’S GROW ROOM. “The DHSC is going fully-feminized this year.” When choosing strains for feminization. I don’t think it’s good for anyone. the better. interesting varieties in regular. and we’re trying to bring it to them. That’s what gets our interest going. and goggles. but the DHSC varieties are definitely recognizable around town. even though we’re restricted with our resources here in Amsterdam. “Canadians kind of learned their old school growing from the Dutch. it’s the same as in rocket launchers. The ingestion of silver through smoking.” Photos by DHSC » www. rather than going for the hype of the new ones that are available now. After that we get to know the strains and how difficult they can be. or. it leaves rusty-colored spots on your skin that can stay there for a couple of days. We hope that the hermaphrodites are a very minimal problem. There’s no parentage left for it to breed any more. and the more interesting it can be. however be in the seeds any more. In the future we aim to make [our seeds] available to North Americans as much as they’re making their strains available to us. But it’s the production process that’s a dangerous step – there are dangers that just aren’t good for your health. MALES AND HERMIES ARE PLANTS THAT “WE PROVIDE [OUR SEEDS] TO CERTAIN GROWERS TO TEST. “We’re crossing it with everything we have right now. A question that frequently arises when debating the matter is whether people or the plants themselves are harmed as a result. once they’ve dried out. And again. That’s a really good thing. I think it’s too dangerous to give to people because we have sprayed it with silver.

at the very least. The only reasonable application for these lights would be using green ones for allowing you to work in a flowering room during its dark cycle. In a hydroponic system or in soil. LEDs will be as well. They have purplish-pink lenses and start at around thirty dollars. so wear sunglasses with UV protection whenever you are working around them. If we live long enough. giving off a light similar to sunshine. there is no worry of interrupting photo-periodic response. with a lumen output that is small – compared to the wattage they consume. An eight-hour exposure would be equivalent to a minute under the mid-day sun. commonly known as fluorescent. This blue spectrum. and there have been several studies showing that THC levels in particular strains increased in direct correlation to UV-B light. Vegetate using full spectrum 6500K bulbs for the blue spectrum. so be careful with how close these lights are to your plants. These lights were banned in the US in 2008 and will be in 2015 by the EU. novice. This THC production in the plants may be acting as a photo-protector (like melanin does in humans) dissipating the harmful rays. As these lights become more specialized the spectra available will increase. There is no reason to speed up the process. Take care of yourself. Most LED lights are classed as ‘one’ or ‘two’ under the laser safety guide for maximum permissible exposure. Some people compare exposure to snow blindness. The light at this altitude contains a larger amount of UV-B rays. or. There are four major modern lighting groups. Didymium Glasses LIFE THROUGH ROSECOLORED LENSES Growing indoors requires various types of lights. Some people believe that – with their power consumption up to half that of an HID and a much lower heat signature – not only do they compare. Luckily. At one time they were only available as such. A mix of three or four 3000K for a nice red spectrum to one 6500K will provide a modest yet wonderful harvest of medicinal delight. This eye-wear allows you to see the true color of your plants and spot nutrient issues several days before they would be obvious to naked eyes. and are usually from three. The first to be developed was the incandescent bulb. they have never been practical for flowering. visible and infrared spectra. LEDs can produce light across the ultraviolet. but it can be uncomfortable and makes it impossible to see colors accurately. in most. so that you can see your future grow. the sodium flare produced by these lights is similar to the ones that glass blowers make working with borosilicate. as not all LED panels are equal. The reason some growers would choose a potentially dangerous light has to do with the historical origins of Cannabis in the Parvati Valley. Fluorescent bulbs are much more efficient than incandescent ones and are an excellent choice for growing. young or old. Fortunately. which become electrified into plasma. promotes chlorophyll production. the amount is trivial. The third group creates light by an electric arc in short tubes filled with various gasses and mineral salts. Too much of the red spectrum during this early growth phase can cause internodal stretching.ADVANCED INDOOR GROWING The lighting you choose depends on your purpose. full-spectrum lights help eliminate these concerns. or LEDs. imbedded in a plastic housing. and keep the lights within a few inches during their lifetime. They produce light from tiny semiconductor chips. Plants in a vegetative cycle thrive under a blue spectrum. Of this HID group. These red spectra are what plants utilize for flowering. While these lights do produce ultraviolet radiation. Fluorescent bulbs can also be used for flowering as long as you do not grow the plants over two feet tall by completion. The greater health concern is exposure for long periods under cool white fluorescents. at this point. This basically means they are pretty safe. UV lenses are available from clear to Limo. Now I would say: make sure your purchase is from a reputable company. Even for supplemental lighting they are marginal at best. but they are better for small space and stealth room applications. The fourth and final of the lighting groups is the Light Emitting Diodes. wait till the technology advances. While these bulbs have faithfully lit our nights for over a hundred years. MH is traditionally used for vegetation. at the foothills of the Himalaya range. most of us will develop eight millimeters in circumference. LEDs are. Wear the proper eye protection. This changes how colors appear – and can even F. lamps.Red pose a health hazard to unprotected eyes. and there is eye-wear that eliminates those orange spectra. These lights will either need to be turned off. this few day heads-up could save your crop. HIGH PRESSURE SODIUM LIGHT WASHES OUT COLORS. Just as fluorescent bulbs are now available with increased UV-B radiation. The bright. 23 Mercury vapor (MV) is last type of highpressure light used in growing. some growers feel that even though flowering under them does not produce the quantity. special clothing and eye protection ought to be worn around them. Much of the green light is not absorbed by plants. two are most commonly used in growing: metal halide (MH) and high-pressure sodium (HPS). Whether you are a professional. but growing vegetatively under them will cause serious stretching. These different lights give off a diverse spectrum of visible and non-visible electromagnetic radiation. if you spend a brief or extended time under the lights. more than any other. Three years ago I would have said. were developed a generation ago by Aura Lens and are distributed by great glass suppliers like ABR Imagery. Get some polarized lenses to reduce glare or a pair of rose-colored didymium glasses to see the true color of your plants as they flower in the warm light. as long as you are not staring directly at them – your blink reflex will limit your exposure as you work around them. because they give off cancer causing UV-B rays. protecting your eyes is important. If you decide to use mercury vapor lights for supplemental lighting. HPS lights can produce large and delicious flowers. yellow-orange light is not damaging to the eyes unless you look right at it. All of these lights give off some serious heat energy. These tubes have a phosphor coating that emits visible light as electricity excites the mercury vapor contained inside. they also give off a good amount of ultra-violet (UV) radiation. comparable to fluorescents and are on their way to challenge HID supremacy. now there are some crossover bulbs having more of each other’s spectra. These glasses. The second lighting groups are Low Intensity Discharge. called ‘didymium’. so they appear that color. These lights have a profound physiological and psychological effect from wavelength energy penetrating the skin and acting at the molecular level. make sure you TURN THEM OFF when working around them. the quality is greatly improved. The intensity of your lights/ lumens they produce also play a large factor in the penetration of your leaf canopy and density of the buds you produce. save your money. Just like the sun. These lights are known as High Intensity Discharge DIDYMIUM GLASSES HIGH PRESSURE SODIUM THROUGH DIDYMIUM GLASSES .

It was 1968. “we just shared!” After a few years of blissful tea-sharing.” » www. she’s been helping us all to make super-clean. actual stories of the place. spirituality. I was as insignificant as a speck of sand. Rinku Kalsy and Christina Jansen » RE-CONNECTING WITH THE LOCAL MONKS – SOME RECEIVED PHOTOS OF LIVING FOR MONTHS IN ROUGH CONDITIONS CREATED A FAMILIAL BOND BETWEEN MILA AND TASHI. high-grade hashish. It is really a special feeling to be back here again. it is one that also has changed. He had heard about her place (and the fact that hitchhikers could sleep upstairs) while traveling – in Afghanistan! For the first time ever. but Mila and Hans pressed on. Weeks of walking and high altitude had taken their toll. the phenomenon of ‘dropping out’ held less of the negative stigma that it does today. re-connecting with the past is all the more important.. It is perhaps these universal themes: freedom. exploration. The desire to experience India first-hand overwhelmed the wish to stay (and put up with the cops). It was 1976 and they were on a threemonth voyage. THEMSELVES FROM THE ‘70S AS SOUVENIRS. RECENTLY CLEANED AND DIGITIZED. the decision to relocate was not difficult: “People were actively looking for other ways of living than how our parents did it. I think. trekking from Manali all the way to Leh. after learning about it through devouring philosophy texts in her publisher aunt’s French home. Whether you know Mila or not. that compel you to keep watching. “But we never sold anything there. That freedom was what drew Mila back to the spiritual center of Hinduism. spiritual journey through such amazing lands. Since 1994. and the whole of nature was out there – totally – untouched by man. in an attempt to reconnect with her 1970s guide. within the past five years the same measures were re-introduced in the Netherlands – and were met with little or no protest. Tashi – a young Tibetan whom they had met in the Manali Bazaar. yourself. Indicating how much change has occurred since then (for the worse). her voyage is an amazing experience to behold and it’s difficult not to get as excited about the trip as if you were. You could go. and they were about to hitchhike to India. Nor is it the amazing shots of indigenous people. She and Hans were lucky to obtain much of their footage. For this reason. about to embark.. which has drawn millions of pilgrims since that time. Now you can see for yourself the experiences that helped to lead Mila to the top of the Cannabis industry. then from Leh to Lamayuru. she encounters trash-filled rivers (once sacred). as well as having a peek into the history of a part of the world responsible for some of the most amazing hashish ever. One bad breakup was all it took – Mila’s half of the 8mm film reel was not to be reunited with that of her ex-husband until three decades later – the documentation of their pilgrimage through one of the world’s most spiritual landscapes. interesting and different world out there. the Dutch police caught on and began raiding the spot weekly. which ultimately led Mila back Sativa Diva home to Amsterdam. (PHOTO: CHRISTINA JANSEN) .anecdote-films.” she recalls.. Finally. due to being some of the first Westerners to pass through this rough terrain. which is debated as the first-ever ‘coffeeshop’ in Amsterdam. Kink 22. as she needed a break from the Dutch Police. It was the unfortunate event of Hans falling ill with cancer that brought the two back together: Mila realized that the film had remained without audience for over thirty years – including the filmmakers themselves. showing a part of the world formerly untouched by Western influence – a sparkling gem of nature and spirituality. After running an extremely successful tailored clothing boutique. Freedom meant that anyone could go anywhere and do anything they wanted. I was very lucky. where they encountered a visit from the Dalai Lama. love. The possibilities were limitless. and unfortunately no longer exists.milasjourney. the film also represents a different time. THE ORIGINAL TREK WAS DOCUMENTED BY HANS SWART ON 8MM FILM. In the ‘60s and ‘70s. Upon her return to this verdant land. Viewers are lucky to steal a personal glimpse into someone’s sacred. the Pollinator Company and Hemp Hotel. so she decided to pack everything up and leave the country. and is now the subject of a moving documentary in which you can pick your way carefully along the same path to her beloved India. determined to capture the majesty and nature of the Himalayas and its people. MILA IS A FAMOUS FEMALE AT THE TOP OF THE CANNABIS INDUSTRY – WHAT SOME CALL “A MAN’S WORLD”. young people were excited about exploring the vast.” This was an era in which the Dutch authorities were suddenly insisting that residents It is difficult to watch Mila’s Journey without being compelled to travel to India. has been long-considered one of the pioneers of the Cannabis movement in Europe. Mila could juxtapose her book-learned education on Hinduism with carry ID at all times. proprietor of the Hemp Hotel and Pollinator Company in Amsterdam. Mila opened her own ‘tea house’. do or think. quite a small country. as it reminded them of the not-so-distant WWII. acceptance and loss. which allow each of us to find something of ourselves in the Anecdote Films Running Time: One hour Format: DVD Annie Perkins. alone or with friends and family. She recalls that. 1967). and thus the time capsule has been cracked open. I didn’t like that. the proceeds of this documentary’s sales are earmarked for the education of his grandchildren. and sometimes even encouraged to do so. Mila’s Journey TAKE A TRIP WITH THE HASH QUEEN OF AMSTERDAM Mila Jansen. Mila’s Journey covers multiple visits to India and shows just a glimpse of that ethereal world. one that has been lost in the shuffle of modern progress. For Mila. satellite dishes and MTV. it was back to Manali via Zanskar. All of this against a stunning backdrop of re-discovered film. naive to their own uniqueness.” Besides that.24 FILM REVIEW Mila points out a virtue of travel: “You can create a situation where there’s space for yourself. something magical starts to happen. deporting foreigners across the Belgian border. Tired and suffering from the elevation. “Everything was controlled in the West. their captivating footage presents a time capsule. covering over 1500km (932 miles). Especially in the Netherlands. So the footage was cleaned and digitized. in one short generation. family. at the time. with Henk Koster (where she also acted in the film De Verloedering van de Swieps [The Whipping Cream Hero]. The magical place has succumbed to the temptations of the Western world. You know about her products. with my arms as wide as I could stretch.. It would be a combination of this police harassment – as well as stories of “India live” that were recounted by the latest traveler to patronize her tea house – that would impel her to seek a life of less restriction. frosted with snow. in an homage to the familial-type bond that was forged between them during their three-month mountain trek. One of the most poignant moments is her return to a mountaintop oasis.” The ability to travel was indeed lucky for her. The pair were on foot. a move that incensed Dutch citizens. “I’ve stood at several points. quick to share a beaming smile with the camera. It’s not simply the rolling green hills or craggy mountaintops. In fact. When you begin watching Mila’s Journey.


when it comes to papers. However. Generally. Many papers. Bleaches such as chlorine or calcium carbonate and may contain additives that increase strength while maintaining low weight. in terms of taste. The more expert will ‘back-roll’: the paper is turned inside-out so that the gum is on the outside facing the roller.D. Thin papers burn more slowly – another plus for most smokers. The first cigarette papers were produced in 1660 by the French company Lacroix (later to become Rizla+). Beyond the choice of base material. but as it’s from the ubiquitous rolling paper giant we may see a rapid takeover here). Bambu and many other wellknown brands was convicted in 2006 of substituting such materials for the usual hemp and linen in an effort to cut costs. Ultra-thin. Competitors began to appear in the 1800s. This method ensures that the absolute minimum paper is used. and it is wellworth investing a few hours (and a few ruined papers!) to master the intricacies. Production of hemp. IT IS SURPRISING HOW MUCH A SLIGHT DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PAPERS WILL AFFECT THE FINISHED JOINT (chalk) may also be used. The idea when rolling a good joint is to always use as little paper as necessary. But which choice should you. Chlorine is highly toxic but calcium carbonate releases only CO2 when combusted and may. It wasn’t until 1977 that king-size papers began to be marketed (again by Rizla+). flavored. finer and stronger. may also contain potassium nitrate to aid even burning – this substance is linked to acute oral irritation and respiratory tract damage. they are often made to be chlorine-free and unbleached. There are many products on the market that are advertized as containing no chlorine. as well as lung cancer. In this article SSUSA takes a closer look at the papers themselves. Rolling papers are an integral part of every joint. The gum THE SELECTION OF ROLLING PAPERS AVAILABLE IS ASTOUNDING. so this rule does not always hold true. so it is to be hoped that they and other companies are now offering more considered products. transparent. seasoned joint rollers have developed techniques to minimize paper usage. rough incarnations first appeared. It is possible to source additive-free papers. they require some HOW TO MAKE A EUROPEAN-STYLE ‘BACK-ROLLED’ JOINT . when Napoleon began to order in bulk for his overseas troops.26 Rolling Papers IT’S NOT JUST WHAT’S INSIDE THAT COUNTS Although the most common way to ingest Cannabis in the USA is through the use of a bong or pipe. and such papers can safely be avoided as there are many others out there that pass the test. The thinnest papers are made from rice. chemicals may be added to the papers during the production process in order to make the paper lighter. and therefore to be selective about choice of paper is pointless. especially blunt wraps and colored varieties. and the excess can then be torn off along the gum line (see photo). the joint smoker. translucent papers have been around for a while and seem to have gained a majority in the market. Some varieties advertise use of pure Acacia gum. or to make them longer-burning. lip. clean. and also score poorly in terms of trace chemicals that may pose a risk to human health. Wood pulp papers are the worst environmentally. so for this reason we should be considerate of the papers we use. It would seem that the bulk of any lung damage incurred through smoking joints is the fault of combustion of weed and sometimes tobacco at high temperatures. such as S. and not all are created equally. There has been much evolution since the original thick. but production was not to seriously take off until 1796. we should always try to minimize the severity of the risk we undertake when we use Cannabis. Nowadays. present a safer choice. a large and growing number of pot users smoke joints or blunts as a primary or supplementary consumption method. and many will tear off excess paper prior to rolling. Others will tear off the gummed strip itself. They had been conceived of over a century prior to this. as are Hempire and Raw Organic Hemp papers – also claimed to be vegan! Unbleached rice papers are huge in their own right – the two main brands are Raw (who make rice papers as well as the hemp variety) and Smoking Brown (a newer introduction. Thicker papers not only make a fasterburning joint with a harsher taste. but were still quite bulky by today’s standards. a good. which may be blended with other natural papers such as sugar and flax. with the rise of global Cannabis culture. The Spanish manufacturer of Smoking. hemp papers are often thicker than rice papers and others. so it is not difficult to avoid as long as one is selective. Made from very sheer rice paper. aerated – the list goes on and on. When the joint is rolled the unmoistened gum then becomes tucked under a single layer of paper. many hemp papers now produced match their competitors in terms of thickness. Pure Hemp papers are marketed as ultra-thin and additivefree. Gummed papers came along in 1942 – another innovation by Rizla+. although some are made from Esparto grass and wood pulp (which may contribute to lung-. the thinner the better. Their ‘fine’ weight papers appeared in 1799. To this end. However. it is surprising how much a slight difference between papers will affect the finished joint. but have been reported to cause greater oral and lung irritation. flax or rice. and as their supporters are usually among the more health-savvy. Modiano’s elegant range of regular and 1½-sized papers. flax and other grassy fibers is far preferable – at least in environmental terms. in order to experience the flavor of the Cannabis in as unadulterated a manner as possible.and larynx cancer). make when selecting your preferred paper? Most papers are made from hemp. but for true aficionados and those who wish to be extra careful there are non-gummed papers available. Dark ash suggests that the paper may contain contaminants. burn by Kali Mist rate and immediate effect on the throat and chest. the ash it produces should be very small in quantity and a uniform light gray color. Furthermore. That said. as the Acacia gum (gum arabic) that is commonly used as an adhesive contains glycerin. and in 1894 the company Zig-Zag had the brainwave of interleaving the papers (in a ‘zig-zag’ fashion). thin rice paper with little or no added chemicals should burn smoothly and consistently. therefore. the range of papers available is staggering. Colored. If a paper is burned as a test. although many are bleached must be moistened through this outer layer of paper. which is thought to be harmful if smoked.

the likes of which would have been unseen ten years ago. and it is true that they burn very cleanly. The wide variety of natural. The more of us that support the trend for natural rolling products. that it is now possible to find some really great papers out there. is a pulmonary irritant that may be extremely harmful to health and has been implicated as a factor in the development of MS (as it may cause damage to myelin nerve sheaths). ostensibly in a drive to reduce teen smoking. Blunt wraps. that we wish for greater transparency (pardon the pun) regarding what’s in the papers and that we will reject those that are found to be unhealthy. also known as propenol. for some reason). Many of the flavorings are artificial food additives that are not intended for smoking purposes. Rolling blunts also encourages greater weed consumption as more is packed in. and nowadays the range is very wide. a cheap cigar can be split and re-rolled with the same result. as long as you have the ability to order online or a good head shop within traveling distance. it stands to reason that we don’t want it in our papers.27 sus seems to be that instead of adding to the flavor. Fans point to the burn test as demonstrating their superior properties. Rizla+ introduced menthol and strawberry flavors in 1906. FLAVORED ROLLING PAPERS AND BLUNT WRAPS WERE RECENTLY BANNED BY THE FDA. their use is not widespread and is more as a novelty. Transparent cellophane papers have sparked some controversy since their introduction a few years ago (although a transparent paper was apparently produced as early as the 1970s. Research suggests that levels of acrolein released by smoking with transparent papers is negligible. the clearer the message sent to manufacturers: that we are conscious of what we put into our bodies. Cigar companies back these campaigns. Others say they go out quickly. but also with a nod to certain perceived inherent health hazards. either. THE WIDE VARIETY OF NATURAL. which is not only wasteful but unnecessary and potentially harmful. Illinois House reps rejected the Senate-approved motion there. They are sold as being 100% cellulose and better for health than traditional papers. Colored papers also are increasingly viewed as a pointless and perhaps harmful complication. Although glycerin is also present in the gummed strip of ordinary papers. Glamorized in countless hip-hop songs. thereby exposing a greater surface area of the lung to smoke damage. At first their use increased rapidly. unbleached hemp or rice papers yields impressive A WIDE SELECTION OF DYED PAPERS IS AVAILABLE. however. A US Bureau of Customs and Border Protection ruling from 2008 defined them as drug paraphernalia. This substance. and despite maintaining a presence in head shops nationwide. but many question this. BUT MAY CONTAIN HAZARDOUS ADDITIVES. So many advances have been made to decrease the weight of the paper. . but very rewarding. when combusted. while avoiding chemical additives. The link between teenage smoking and blunt wraps is so pernicious that several states have this year instigated motions to ban their sale – although in January 2011. Aside from the risks of harmful additives. UNREFINED HEMP AND RICE ROLLING PAPERS practice to master and can be expensive. and sensation of smoking ‘plastic’ is unpleasant (although this could be more attributable to hardto-shake preconceptions as they have a mildly sweet taste without the acridity one would expect from plastic). They are based on wood pulp (from eucalyptus trees) which relies upon heavy A JOINT MADE WITH A TRANSPARENT EUCALYPTUS CELLOPHANE ‘PAPER’ and some users have mentioned irritation of the throat after use. so the trend is unlikely to die out completely. However. unbleached hemp and rice papers offered by many companies today seems to present the safest choice for pot smokers. as even some gummed papers have similar properties. for many young stoners it is the method of choice. produces acrolein. Colored and flavored papers deserve a mention. on the other hand. and they are not difficult to obtain wherever you reside. most of these papers in fact detract from the taste of what you are smoking. and many outlets have stopped selling flavored blunts and may soon follow by stopping sale of unflavored wraps too. as they are reported to contain around 14% glycerin (to increase the suppleness and smoothness of the cellulose) which. the rumors have contributed to some decline in popularity. manufacturers of such papers seem to be very reluctant to disclose these important details. A simple online search for additive-free. blunt wraps are wholly or mostly composed of tobacco. it was brittle and difficult to work with). but they are not alone in claiming this distinction. Fans cite a cooler. The FDA in 2009 banned clove cigarettes and other flavored cigarettes and papers (except chemical processing to release its pure cellulose. However. Cloves release eugenol. are very popular indeed. it is thought to be in too small of an amount to pose a risk. but this seemed to diminish before long as the novelty wore off. As none of us want chemicals in our pot. slower burn with little tendency to ‘canoe’ or burn irregularly. The consenresults. smell. and all the associated risks remain. with some branding it ‘ridiculous’. A SELECTION OF UNBLEACHED. UNBLEACHED HEMP AND RICE PAPERS OFFERED BY MANY COMPANIES TODAY SEEMS TO PRESENT THE SAFEST CHOICE menthol. and the taste. a topical anesthetic that encourages smokers to inhale extra deeply. There is very little information available that gives insight into what other additives are used in flavored papers and what the effect may be when smoked. citing the negative impact on their image from the strong association that blunt wraps have with smoking Cannabis.


Although information about marijuana-specific breeding was scarce. and to be fair. it was all Grubbycup’s Stash. growing it myself seemed the safest choice. Besides. They were also better than a lot of what my friends were used to smoking. so it was my only source of personal smoke. but didn’t have the plant structure I wanted and was a bit cranky to grow. they didn’t have the sort of plant structure I was looking for. The biggest threat to any marijuana garden walks on two legs. I found better seeds to grow. make sure that you select from plants that have traits similar to what you want in your final line. ‘I don’t mix greens’. It was during this time that Grubbycup’s Stash got its name. The first thing I learned is that I wanted to smoke more of it. As time went on. Everything in my stash was labeled with an almost unpronounceable code. and I didn’t want to deal with finding someone to buy it from. and I didn’t want to buy it. and gave the excess to friends. I had grown up on a dairy farm. I may have gotten potent offspring. the generation may have to be repeated. but other than a slight citrus. I hoped to start to accumulate the genes needed for a potent. My friends would ask to load up a bowl of whatever was in ‘Grubbycup’s Stash’.) I also decided that if I was going to grow my own. the group to declare early. One drawback to this method is that it creates a bottleneck. For example. but they are set and finite. Growing marijuana came very naturally to me. The pairs were selected by what I thought would be give me the best smoke while I worked on combining all four cultivars. For example. Meanwhile I’d be smoking each of the pairs. When breeding. it’s easier to track one father with several mothers than the other way around. which was often seeded Mexican brown. If a line showed promise or had a trait I liked. I came to the conclusion that it was too expensive. which was an abbreviation for ‘Northern Lights crossed with Big Bud and the result crossed with Blue Mystic and the result of that crossed with a Durban Poison that had been crossed with a Blueberry and then had been crossed with a Blackberry. I was going to breed my own. After careful consideration of my options. By matching potent plants with nicelyflavored plants. I didn’t want to buy weed. I pollinated several mothers. is collecting the original pool of genetics to start selecting from. the trick is in getting the seeds for superior genetics in the first place. Genes may be hidden. even if I wasn’t working with different cultivars anymore. Anytime I’d join a circle with friends. I wouldn’t need to involve anyone else. and made a lot of different crosses. Shortly thereafter. second plant in the set. The breeding project had taken over my entire garden at the time. whether breeding pea plants or Cannabis plants.’ Which doesn’t exactly trip off the tongue. didn’t have the fruity-flowery sort of flavor I had in mind. I just wanted to smoke it. On the father’s side: The White Rhino male’s sisters were very potent. I tried a lot of different cultivars. Using this father. but similar to the Blueberry. and the quality of what I smoked improved. It takes the same effort to grow average genetics as it does to grow superior genetics. it wouldn’t matter which of the four was paired with the others. If the genes don’t exist in the starting pool. Over the years my growing and harvesting techniques improved. I looked for the most robust and best flowering out of “THE WAR ON DRUGS HAS FAILED!” 5 “ONE MORE WAY THAT HEMP PLASTIC COULD SAVE OUR LIVES” 17 “HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS” 20 . To create a starting pool of genetics. (The same basic principles apply. they won’t exist in following generations. it might show up again in some form. As I used to say. both the Blackberry and Blueberry were used in the final selection. and had always enjoyed gardening. If I had paired the two most potent. uncured and of very ‘iffy’ parentage. but often had something worth trying in it. broken off of bricks (or very expensive). I didn’t want to spend the money. This was in the 1980s. The buds I grew were harsh. I wanted flavor as well in each of the crosses. I’d bring my latest test buds to share. In selecting the father. My first grows were all from friends’ bag seeds. I didn’t want to sell weed. That would become a lot easier to do once seed banks became more common. The Purple Lady mother had an amazing kick and a very interesting floral flavor. we were more concerned with just having enough to smoke and not all that picky about how good it was. and I’d ask them their opinion afterward. it wound up naming itself. information on genetics and for breeding plants in general was much easier to come by. I learned a few things. The Blueberry mother had a very nice flavor. they had names that were more for record keeping than ease of use. if the father has dropped an important trait. since no money would be changing hands. I was still labeling with codes for specific traits. finally I settled on a White Rhino x Blueberry father crossed with a couple of different Purple Lady x Blackberry mothers. and pre-Internet. the greens in question being Cannabis and cash. Once the two lines were crossed. The mothers: The Blackberry male’s sisters had a berry flavor. I didn’t name it.ADVANCED INDOOR GROWING 29 IT STARTED BECAUSE I WANTED TO SMOKE CANNABIS THAT I REALLY LIKED Breeding Grubbycup’s Stash When I first started smoking weed. The first step in starting a breeding program. I didn’t want anyone not in my circle by Grubbycup to know I knew anything about weed. but the name stuck. Since these were all experimental plants. so accurate information was much more difficult to come by than it is today. however. one promising candidate was: ‘(nl x bb) x bm) x (d x blueb) x black) #2’. plus once I had seeds. studied botany in college. I smoked most of what I grew. nicely-flavored variety.

The goal of the breed is to be my favorite and to that end. if not thousands of plants. GRUBBYCUP’S STASH I kept working with the White Rhino x Blueberry until potency and flavor regularly showed in the same plant. That isn’t to say that they aren’t also bred for bud size. As with all traits. It was my intention to use only the best between the two lines. people just tended to say ‘Grubbycup’s Stash’ or ‘GS’. but with time and patience you can produce noticeable changes and put your own mark on the weed you smoke. The process continued as much more of the same. For example. There is a technique known as ‘cubing’ that is very useful to stabilizing a genetic line. regardless of what generation they are. Both lines were bred using the same criteria in parallel. and each stem at harvest. Any plant showing a superior example of a trait was marked as part of the label. and today have many more traits in common. you will likely have learned how to deal with it. Record keeping becomes absolutely critical. since I could taste test the buds off of clones to select the best ones for seeding. IT MALE HAVE AN EXTRA FINGER GS-E. People bred both plants and animals using this principle for hundreds. In a large-scale operation one option would be to grow very large numbers of the seeds and make selections from hundreds. whorled phyllotaxy (3 or more leaves per and grown again with the GS-B lot for potent long lasting ‘creeper’ stone. It is not a fast process. The best of GS-A was cloned quet garni aroma. The key is being able to match each bowlful of final product to its seeds and parentage. and making educated attempts to adjust and recombine AN EARLY GS 3 MALE THE LABEL MEANS THAT IT’S FROM THE LAST GROUP OF ORIGINAL SEEDS. them is the heart of any good breeding program. but it can be done. IF NOT STYLISH. and how to use them to make educated predictions. AND ITS MOTHER HAD SUPERIOR COLOR.ancestry. GS-B. GS-B had superior flavor and structure. New traits have surfaced as recessive genes found matching recessive genes. Seeds are collected and labeled. It is a work in process. and it’s going to continue to be a work in process until inbred depression sets in. but that trait holds a lower priority to quality of smoke. all you really need to know to make use of the principle is that you should grow out multiple generations at the same time and cross the best plants together. Whenever I would get close to deciding in favor of one. This process was repeated structure and plant structure. the other would produce a superior specimen. Anyone interested in breeding is heartily encouraged to learn about it. Any plant that displays an structure is that they are traits that are undesirable trait can be eliminated from than the GS-A and GS-B mothers. You don’t have to become an expert. GS-D and GS-E that the effect and flavor are higher. This way. but I can grow pretty much any strain I want and Grubbycup’s Stash still makes up most of what I put in my pipe. AND USED FOR BREEDING the most important to me as a smoker. love and puka shells. 2) Learn the basic principles of Mendelian genetics. etc.and recessive genes work. The Blackberry x Purple Lady mother was easier to select. but the GS-C. The standard for the breed includes a a GS male that was named ‘Goliath’ in its One grow was dedicated to each of the nice initial effect. Clear and accurate labels are a must. Peace. or I find something I like better. I felt confident that I had a White Rhino x Blueberry male that had a good chance of contributing desirable traits to the Blackberry x Purple Lady line. More bags with codes: this is why COULD BE A METHOD OF EARLY SEXING. I’m okay with showing a little favoritism to it though. it succeeds. the plants became similar to each other. grow plants from different generations together. Over time. isolating and recombining. Eventually the best of the two lines were merged. GS-A and GS-B were grown as two separate cultivars and did not cross-pollinate for several generations. Grubbycup . just learn how dominant. some of these were kept. cross the best plants regardless of generation. and did the same with the Blackberry x Purple Lady. Part of the reason that these comparison. Each container of weed lists the exact plant that it was harvested from. This method is commonly used by corporate vegetable seed breeders. distinctive floral/bou. ALTHOUGH INFREQUENTLY FEMALE THE LEAVES ON THIS GS 3 The seeds from the five mothers were PLANTS HAVE DEVELOPED THE TRAIT. bud node). to good effect. if you just keep breeding your best male to your best female (and don’t add new genetics into the mix) you are off to a good start. A few buds of each plant grown are seeded. GS-C.30 the gene pool. it is also possible to breed using much smaller numbers of plants. but GS-A developed to be the more potent of the two. I’m who I bred it for. Marijuana is not particularly sensitive to inbred depression. seeds from the best smoke can be selected and seeds from only average buds can GS 3 MALES TEND TO HAVE THREE LEAVES PER be disregarded. As a result. some ignored. OR TWO AT THE CENTER. The tracking of traits. grown in groups. Personal label machines can help if poor handwriting is a hindrance. Advice for those interested in trying home breeding: GS MALE NAMED ‘GOLIATH’ THIS GS 3 PRODUCED FOUR LEAVES PER NODE. if not thousands of years. IF THE labeled GS-A. THE LABELS ARE INFORMATIVE. and that information can be used to extinguish unwanted traits. after all. and by the time you have enough generations under your belt to worry about it. the GS Gol indicates it has 1) Even if you don’t learn the math or the science behind it. However. GS-D and TRAIT WERE TO BECOME CONSISTENT. smooth clean flavor. GS 3 has parents that displayed five mothers. NODE. However. and so is the bud as it goes through the curing process.only for breeding toward. Each growing container is labeled. I would never claim it to be any better than anyone else’s work. 3) To benefit from cubing. but for breedlots did not produce specimens better rated and more stable than the plant ing against. The reason types of notes are so important is not with GS-B. some discarded.

and had a better layout as well. the shop is loaded with books ranging from how to grow a variety of plants. Danny Danko. rugs and tables set in the center. A visible haze rose above the crowd like a fog. Located on a picturesque canal near Amsterdam’s famous Waterlooplein market. It also appeared to have a lot more attendees. the 215 patient area had a very nightclub/party atmosphere. This year the High Times Medical Cannabis Cup in San Francisco even had a nearby billboard. The Results: Hybrid 1st Place: 2nd Place: 3rd Place: OG Kush (D & M Compassion Center) Star Dawg (Buds & Roses) The Pure (Leonard Moore Co-Operative) Indica 1st Place: Boggle Gum (Harborside Health Center) 2nd Place: The True OG (Elemental Wellness Center) 3rd Place: 7 Star Pure Kush (7 Stars Holistic Healing Center) Sativa 1st Place: Bay 11 (Granddaddy Purple Collective) 2nd Place: Alpha Blue (OrganiCann) 3rd Place: Sonoma Coma (Happy Lil’ Trees) . your one-stop-shop for all things esoteric. The main floor of the indoor area was busy. Of course. its use becomes more mainstream and normal. Mila’s shop is not a grow shop. After you’ve chosen the correct texts and accessories. activist and THE SECOND HIGH TIMES MEDICAL CANNABIS CUP TO BE HELD IN SAN FRANCISCO. videos and magazines. the Bubbleator all-in-one system. including author Jorge Cervantes. bongs. INTERNATIONAL CANNABIS Peace. At the end of the show on Sunday night. nor is it a head shop. Marijuana was sold and sampled.and natural substances available. and a wide variety of marijuana-related products. Credit card grinders and a staggering variety of ways to consume were available to eager shoppers. Seminars and panels were held by Cannabis celebrities and experts. vaporizers. Regardless of its legal status. in Amsterdam enjoys legendary status: Mila. It was nice to see that promise kept. at least in the smoking section outside. San Francisco by Grubbycup As the laws surrounding Cannabis and medical marijuana in California become more reasonable. Nieuwe Herengracht 25 1011 RL.pollinator. DEMONSTRATING THE USE OF A In sharp contrast. quite simply. plants and advice are all available. Edible samples were handed out. Vendors sold pipes. Attendees were of all shapes. In addition to the hash extractors for which the company is famous. is a staple for locals and a beloved destination for returning tourists and Cannabis connoisseurs. NL » www. The venue was larger. Oversized joints were passed around. including some tasty treats by last year’s medal winners Bliss Edibles. Additional merchandise includes items for your meditation space.SHOP REVIEW NL / FESTIVALS & COMPETITIONS 31 Sativa Diva The Pollinator Company The Pollinator Co. wooden. Ice-o-lator and Bubbleator machines. Seeds. psychedelic clothes and a full range of posters. and the senior cultivation editor of High Times. browse the cactus garden or visit the hallucinogenic plants and flowers in the back of the shop. I even renewed my California patient identification card at one of the booths. is responsible for revolutionizing Dutch hash by starting a craze for clean. Established in the winter of 1994. mushrooms or cacti to accessing your spiritual side through mindaltering substances. but with a festive atmosphere. each seeming to make a bigger claim than the last. The Pollinator Co. Activism. Handcrafted wares by artists were sold next to slick commercial products. Several booths were rented by LED companies. Last year when I attended the HTMCC the line to enter the event was nightmarish. good health and enlightenment are common themes throughout the shop and its products. the winners were announced to much fanfare and cheering. the 2011 entry was both quick and painless in comparison. smoking accessories and related products are featured. ice-water extracted resin products. proprietor. To give the organizers credit. from wallets to cosmetics. CA WAS HELD AT THE CONCOURSE EXHIBITION CENTER High Times Medical Cannabis Cup. is. Check out the website for virtual demonstrations of and ordering information for the Pollinator. the Pollinator Co. Ice-o-lator bags for water extraction and the latest addition to the family. and it was wall-to-wall with people. The Pollinator Co. the shop is perhaps most famous for three mandatory pieces of hash making equipment: the Pollinator dry sieve machines. unlike any other spot in the industry. Upstairs had a nice mellow area. Grubbycup AUTHOR JORGE CERVANTES HEMP WICK TO LIGHT A BONG. if this year’s event was any indication. love and puka shells. making the Pollinator » info@pollinator. with a range of glass-. Hemp is also heavily featured. next time they will need more room. At last year’s awards ceremony High Times magazine’s executive editor Dan Skye promised they would improve the process for this year’s show. MAINSTREAM ENOUGH FOR A BILLBOARD A HAZE WAFTED OVER THE CROWD. sizes and colors – all brought together over a common interest in marijuana. Amsterdam. enigmatic herbs. there were plenty of 30. loud music played in the 70-somethings as well. which made for a very relaxing place to visit after making a circuit in the 215 patient area. Harborside’s Steve DeAngelo. Artwork lined the walls. it was obvious that while there were plenty of 20-somethings in attendance.


which can demand a huge amount of time and dedication. This is where The Attitude comes in. Without the efforts of the seed banks. not just in the Netherlands but also in countries. particularly focusing on Europe and the Americas. the community has had increasing opportunities to transfer information between countries. This ability to exchange ideas and techniques is the backbone of the international Cannabis seed industry. Many smaller breeders are unable to network fully with potential customers due International Seed Market: A GROWING COLLABORATION In the first two issues of Soft Secrets USA. Seed banks are also highly important gateways for other breeders and seed companies to become part of the wider network: many of the smaller companies are limited in budget and the opportunities for publicity that The Attitude team offers. and sufficient stabilization of new strains often is in jeopardy. are even more important in a time of new grows in Europe being more difficult to complete.SEED BANKS 33 achieved the massive success they currently enjoy. By their constant presence at conventions. stable seed stock to avoid strains disappearing – and so that experts sibly decades. and what the future may hold Kali Mist for The Attitude and other companies like it. Now that the focus of the Cannabis industry is moving towards the Americas. It’s important for a serious collector to preserve a wide selection of varieties for the future. The team has worked closely with major European breeders for years to provide the connoisseur collectors among us with a steady selection of original genetics. and it’s important work – keeping strains alive and stable in nature is hard enough in a perfect world. naturally seek the best and most appropriate setting and methods of operation. are important in that they have always attempted to provide a good selection of seeds from breeders all over the world – and Over many decades the great breeders worked at creating the varieties we now have. with the Netherlands as a base for their activities. rapid advances in techniques (along with the explosion in new varieties that we’ve seen in recent years) has meant that strains are also in grave danger of being lost. The Attitude. we cannot entirely predict what will happen in the future to a certain strain. The sheer choice one encounters when browsing the vast lists of products is enough to delight and possibly bewilder even the most choosy and specific of us. healthy parents for innumerable new strains. such as Spain and Europe. we introduced The Attitude Seed Bank and discussed the recent history of the seed industry. and are definitely unsuited to breed further strains (until they have undergone a lengthy process of crossing and back-crossing to fix desired traits into the genome). can continue to create strong new ones. The guys at The Attitude take great care to meet with breeders and discuss individual strains in order to give the best and most accurate information to the customer. It’s simply not possible to preserve every strain out there. The Attitude has grown at an explosive rate to become the largest seed bank in the world today. with the rise of the Internet seeing relevant websites springing up every day. time and time again. despite such endeavors. including parts of Europe. most of the original and still most significant seed companies were founded during this period there. Although Cannabis itself is found all over the world. such as promotional videos and representation at major international events. and a quick glance through the online catalog will demonstrate how effectively they have covered the whole spectrum. However. The Attitude also have the chance to really explore what’s out there. the Netherlands has been a focal point for many years due to the importance of the industry there. As with any crop that is selectively bred by people. and are hard at work sourcing new companies to work with every day. However. Seed stock exists in massive quantities. representing more than ninety seed companies in the effort to bring their customers throughout the world the widest – and best – choice of Cannabis seeds and strains. Although their customers are sure to receive high quality. we should not forget the many years of research and development that our European cousins have put into breeding viable strains. If new strains are unstable. we’ll take a closer look at the changing nature of the international seed market. and customers can be sure that their queries will be dealt with in a prompt and supportive manner. Providing reliable information is extremely important to the Attitude. due to the vagaries of genetics. Established five years ago. many genetics would have been lost forever – some have been lost already. Now that the legal Cannabis industry is expanding globally and many collectors are seeking to complete their personal catalog. the spread is assisted by the efforts of The Attitude. To conclude our three-part series. Yet the valuable heirloom stock safely stored at The Attitude alone could provide stable. and other companies like it. These heirloom genetics. The Attitude wants to know about it. and without it The Attitude could not have THE ATTITUDE IS AN AWARD-WINNING SEED BANK. But the staff are not complacent – they are determined to continue their quest to provide quality strains globally. enough to keep customers happy for years to come. times will always change and industries in a free market will THE ATTITUDE TEAM maintaining biodiversity by seeking out interesting and unique strains is one of the most important things the collector can do to ensure the future of these genetics. you can rest assured that the vaults at The Attitude also contain a vast array of seeds from all places and from all points in time – from the early 1980s up until now. many of which will remain viable in seed form (when properly stored) for years and posto the intensive nature of their operations. In the vaults of The Attitude Seed Bank. as even with careful management it is possible to lose a whole lineage. but it must be noted that the information that is provided cannot concern topics that . As telecommunications and exchange of goods and services have expanded. fresh products and the widest possible selection of new strains. they give varied and potentially unsatisfactory results. are vital. wherever there is a new company producing quality items. and despite all our knowledge of genetics. but The Attitude is doing a very good job of attempting it. Their efforts to represent as many seed companies as possible and stock the greatest variety of quality strains show exactly why The Attitude has made it to the top spot – and they’re showing no signs of slowing down! The team has that special something in that they always seek to be where other seed banks have not even thought of venturing yet. bringing never-before-seen products from all corners of the globe. wherever possible it is important to keep a full inventory of present-day. innovation is always rewarded. providing diverse brands perfect for the requirements of thousands of collectors across the world. Therefore. interesting and unique strains are thankfully not in shortage. who offer a range that runs into the thousands.

infamous cult classic or new and undiscovered gem. with global renown. and always has been. and have been attracting much attention over the last few years with some amazing sativa. they will enjoy a myriad of stable feminized and auto-flowering strains that current collectors can only now imagine. is allowing for the creation and preservation of amazing strains that deserve a place in any connoisseur’s library.and hybrid genetics. and new ones are being added all the time. Over the next few years. prompt and efficient as always! NATALIA AND JODIE. the sunny pastures of southern Mediterranean countries such as Greece. IN AMSTERDAM WITH THE GUYS FROM THE GREENHOUSE . which boasts semi-arid plains. such as Spain. so have those same small companies grown to become the most progress is any indicator. There are vast swathes of undeveloped land where few venture: the remote valleys of alpine Switzerland. International collaboration is. The Attitude team have seen firsthand the diversity that the continent has to offer. and as the seeds of industry were sown by initially small and unknown companies. As for The Attitude team. the key to a healthy industry. In the Czech Republic. The diversity of climate. The network that exists. The Attitude supports such legal enterprises: so hard to get out there and talk to the countless organizations that now exist. in fact – for the seed business to reach its current status as a serious and profitable concern. breeding programs have elevated some table Spanish seed companies are also now appearing. The continent encompasses a massive diversity of climate zones. we can be sure that high quality seeds will be available worldwide for collectors. future research cannot happen. by representing all the major players – as well as a plethora of smaller and lesser-known organizations. possession and cultivation of small amounts of Cannabis is now legal. That’s why The Attitude works their global efforts to provide Cannabis seeds for storage or for legal cultivation. which reaches subtropical conditions in the Canary Islands. The next generation can only benefit from our efforts to strengthen the gene pool: if current PROVIDING RELIABLE INFORMATION IS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT TO THE ATTITUDE customers will find seed companies from many countries represented within their catalog. and improvements to techniques cannot benefit the community as a whole. The Attitude is also committed to continuing their work of seeking out a wide range of sources. and signs that small seed companies may be emerging are apparent. the strains of the future will be spectacular – as far removed from the strains of today as ours are from the varieties of the 1970s and 1980s. It is crucially important for organizations such as The Attitude to continue hundred-plus! With every new addition bringing their contribution of fresh quality strains to the market. THE ATTITUDE HAS GROWN AT AN EXPLOSIVE RATE In this way many names that would never normally make it into the spotlight have become popular and well-loved in the global community. During their work in Europe. linking several continents. It stands to reason that any one of the new and unknown companies of today could be the next big thing.34 may encourage customers to contravene local law. and the contribution of such people is therefore highly important. auto-flowering genetics to the status of being worthy of consideration by the most serious collectors. and a great range of altitudes – sometimes even within one country. While the major Dutch companies are still a force to be reckoned with. as without it none of our indooradapted hybrids would ever have been conceived of in the first place. you can be sure that The Attitude team has it waiting for you and is ready to dispatch your order. it’s going to be difficult not to spend hours scouring the pages of The Attitude’s online catalog to find that special something to round off your collection. the team expects that as techniques and exchange of information continues to improve through the community. wherever they may be. Much of temperate Europe is ideal for developing great varieties that will flourish in similar conditions elsewhere. repufamous out there. Turkey and Albania. and is proud to represent the talented and professional organizations that are behind this vital research. Without it. it’s back to work – there are more breeders out there to meet and represent. and by next year the list is expected to grow from ninety to a ESTABLISHED FIVE YEARS AGO. It’s taken many years – decades. From humble beginnings. mountains and two very different maritime climates on the north and south coasts. or the hostile steppes of eastern Europe – where monoecious hemp and autoflowering ruderalis thrive. Auto-flowering hybrids are improving and are increasingly popular among the customers of The Attitude. TWO INVALUABLE STAFF MEMBERS NATALIA WITH RAKAA FROM DILATED PEOPLES THE WINNER OF B-DAY PROMOTION. allows for a range of adapted varieties to be developed. Whether Cup-winner. But as long as companies like The Attitude provide their efficient service to the planet. The Attitude Seed Bank is looking forward to a long and exciting role within this revolutionary movement.


a tank covered in sand and seaweed usually did the trick. was a popular transit point. Most used intelligence to beat the controls. and it wasn’t until they reached their hotel that they discovered the switch. but this was a period when officialdom didn’t seem to realize that tanks could carry more than air. They loaded identical bags with bricks and placed them on the same flight. for example finding out the search schedules. so you needed a reason to travel. where they executed hash smugglers. but divers were a different breed by O’Riodon altogether. back then the discovery was gold. but it was the real Afghani hash that people wanted. IT BECAME POSSIBLE FOR SPORT DIVERS TO TRAVEL THE WORLD AND DIVE WHEREVER THEY LIKED. The surf board was a longtime favorite of the hippie smuggler. Many just traveled through the airport on combination of luck and guts. One group traveling from India transited through Nairobi. maybe ten. but tanks alone were not enough. Filling the tanks was also a problem as there’s not much sport diving in Pakistan. 165lbs. although I’m sure it’s not the case today. Due to lax airport searches. Access was usually through a screw-off bottom. FATHER OF THE AQUALUNG A WEEK ON THE BEACH: NOT A BAD WAY TO SPEND A ‘BUSINESS TRIP’ ‘BANJOS’ OF AFGHANI HASHISH WERE PASSED AROUND FILLED WITH AIR OR HASH? . The real stuff also fetched double the price. On this particular occasion a driver had grabbed a couple of diving bags off the belt and started to swing them onto his shoulder. Having loaded the equipment. airport accomplices picked up the real bags before the actual owners had cleared immigration. However not all of them had the ethics of the Cannabis smuggler. One group even stole the bags off another while in transit and got away with it. lighter hash. with its oil industry. When the bags reached shoulder height they just kept going and took him straight through a plate-glass window and down a flight of stairs. they’d been around the world. Halfway through the movement he felt the momentum of the seventy-five kilo weight. After a week on the beach it was time to think about the final leg home. In fact. Air India flights had virtually no searches for first class passengers and a huge baggage allowance thrown in. Unfortunately. Hippie surfers were synonymous with marijuana use. but it was the diving tank that had the real potential. In Nairobi. Others just relied on timing.) Imagine carrying that with a bounce in your step. It didn’t always go as planned. There was a case of an airline putting the bags on the wrong flight. The trick was to pick up the thirty-five kilo bag off of the belt as if it weighed nothing. Those traveling to Australia often passed through Singapore. lack of exotic hashish is one of them. some even changed passports en route to disguise where they’d come from. A WET SUIT AND A COUPLE OF TANKS WERE ALL THAT WAS NEEDED. COUSTEAU. the method was also unfortunately used to transport hard drugs. The Emirates. arriving on a Sunday morning when staff levels were low and multiple flights were also arriving from innocent destinations. but for that you needed paperwork. so it was well-worth locating. Some groups would employ runners who’d never been near the source country to make the last part of the journey. as he’d already loaded them into his taxi. Some didn’t bother with such niceties. At one point there were hundreds of ‘divers’ traveling the world with loaded tanks. it was routine. Most would travel to a neutral nation before attempting to enter their destination country. this kind of smuggling required physical fitness – a double set with suit and fins weighed around seventy five kilos (ca. but there was nothing he could do about it. In Pakistan bribery was often the way to get bags on a plane without a search. It only required some simple milling equipment to reduce a twenty-five kilo tank down to twelve. by the time they were finally reunited with their owner a month later. India was a victim of its own class system. Back in Amsterdam the circular plaques of black border hash were christened ‘banjos’. Africa was the popular transit point on the route to Europe. a popular route because of its lack of baggage controls on entering the country. the next step was the route. With the introduction of the aluminum tank the perfect smuggling tool was created. Professionals would use a small internal compressed air tank containing just enough to give a convincing phssst should customs open the valve. the luggage would just arrive on the carousel and you’d have to fight a taxi driver to get your bags back. When things did run to plan. That took balls. A double-tank set had real potential. despite the fact that if you were caught they’d lock you away for years. Most used the cover of professional oil rig divers. many a board stuffed with marijuana made it through. Bags sometimes went missing. as there was less security – and when Afghani hash was not available there was always Manali or Kashmir. One group of crazies operating on balls and stupidity used to fly out of landlocked Peshawar (in northern Pakistan) and there’s not so much as a puddle for hundreds of miles. but first you had to get out of the source country. IT ALSO OPENED UP NEW POSSIBILITIES FOR THE SMUGGLER. but they still did it. which in this day and age is a rather disturbing thought. With Pakistan’s neighbor at war it was much easier operating out of India. which was hidden under the rubber boot. The owner of the bags picked them up from the stunned driver and left in another taxi before the police showed up. Jacques Before the dreadful events of 9/11 it was common to travel by air with all kinds of sports equipment. A twelve liter tank could carry almost thirteen kilos of Afghani hashish. Should customs have a look. Thanks.36 SMUGGLER’S TALES WHEN JACQUES COUSTEAU INVENTED THE AQUALUNG REGULATOR. terrorism has changed many things in the world.

however. This enables rapid localized adaptation. One that does apparently remain (albeit in massively reduced quantities) is a strain developed and made famous over many generations in and around Kalamata. and is apparently now unavailable. and we can possibly trace its lineage back to East Asia around 1. and represents a significant percentage of overall narcotics trafficking. Kalamata has virtually disappeared off the map as a producer of this unique sativa. and it is suggested that the species can therefore survive significant climate change and – is indeed already responding to ongoing changes. It is also believed that the original Greek strains may well have been influenced by some of the by Kali Mist purest African sativas.ENDANGERED STRAIN GUIDE 37 Minor. The Red first appeared – and rapidly achieved fame – in the ‘60s and ‘70s. and Cannabis has lessened in importance as an export in recent years. Alongside (and arguably due to) police crackdowns. as well as a reddish coloration to the leaves and flowers themselves. when intensively farmed. leading to highly morphologically-distinct Cannabis populations worldwide. as well as those from Asia. the single most profitable strain may be exhausted while others are allowed to die off. They brought their own Cannabis genetics. racy effect. is very apparent in the Cannabis genus. THE RUGGED AND REMOTE TROPICAL TERRAIN PROVIDES PLENTY OF OPPORTUNITY FOR COVERT GROWS. But if you ever find yourself there and you have a trusted connection to help you navigate your way around the tricky politics of local weed cultivation. In some places Cannabis is intensively cultivated. Although much of this learning has been lost to the general populace through increasingly harsh domestic drug policy. or the ability of a plant to change its genetic structure in response to environmental pressures.100 AD when the advancing Mongol armies invaded Asia AN EXAMPLE OF A LOCAL SATIVA FROM A KALAMATA GROWER ©KALI MIST MUCH OF THE PELOPONNESE REGION IS CHARACTERIZED BY LOW-LYING. a handful of lineages were able to flourish up until recent times. long-flowering tropical sativas. and in the recent past Panamanian Cannabis was widely available. The wideranging explorations of the Greeks in their golden era. Kalamata is high in THC with an intense. Conversely. It exhibits long red hairs on the flowers. ‘Phenotypic plasticity’. quicker-flowering. Kalamata Greece has a long history of cultivating Cannabis – mostly sativa varieties that could be selected for fiber and seed as well as to produce higher-THC cultivars. The flavor is reported to range from citrus to woody. existing populations are depleted and phenotypes lost. The ‘War on Drugs’ has. be sure to find the last few remaining guys who grow it and beg for a seed sample. which then interbred with the local sativas of the time. and are introducing hybrids that are flourishing in the benevolent climate – and rapidly gaining dominance. commonly crossed with White Widow or Skunk to enable successful indoor grows. It is likely that the prevalent phenotype for centuries. cultivation began in earnest when growers brought seeds (thought to be mostly of the Colombian Red cultivar) to the country from Colombia in defiance of the harsh crackdown on drug production there. Both extremes can affect the gene pool. and in the intervening centuries since their introduction various landraces have evolved. In Crete there is a fair amount of cultivation to this day – attitudes towards mainland Greek policy are hostile and many Cretans are prepared to defy the law of the land. In Panama. As with many disappearing landraces and cultivars. Unfortunately this means that a particular phenotype can become insufficiently suited to its surroundings as conditions change by Kali Mist and newer. the Red is now truly a lost strain. ©ULRICHSTILL Panama Red Wherever humans have gone. but it seems that unless undiscovered communities exist out there in the rugged Panamanian hills and islands. Panama Red was the name given to the bushy red cultivar that ultimately emerged: reportedly of an airier structure and lighter color than its predecessor. It can grow up to 15 feet tall and can yield up to five pounds per plant when well-tended. Kalamata pot is a closely guarded secret and examples are exceptionally rare. Wild or escaped communities now exist on every continent save Antarctica. and as with so many of the exceptional landraces out there. of course. On the mainland itself. if not millennia. and its prominence as a destination for sailors from all corners of the globe. was a compact sativa with some indica characteristics – similar to other Eastern Mediterranean strains still in existence (such as those found in Lebanon and Egypt). Panama’s near-equatorial latitude and forgiving climate allows for the harvest of very pure. led to eradication of Cannabis fields throughout the region. Local growers also often selectively breed for desired characteristics. and with a racy. the ravages of the cocaine trade have left an indelible mark on Cannabis cultivation. due to police crackdowns on outdoor grows and excessively harsh penalties. when land is cleared for intensive coca production. Also. must have yielded genetics from many sources. It is sativa. WELL-DRAINED PASTURE LAND. Cannabis has followed soon after. while little coca is actually grown in Panama. its massive importance as a trafficking route has meant that local criminal gangs have turned their attention to cocaine. and a flowering time of around 14 weeks – very similar in description to many African landrace genetics. growers who still manage to finish a crop are increasingly choosing quicker-flowering Skunk varieties. with long. It is still available from seed banks in hybrid form. in other locales production has been sidelined in favor of the more profitable coca plant. compact flowers that may have a rosy or reddish coloration. clear sativa high – as opposed to the stupefying narcotic effect of the Colombian Red. the pot-smoking population relies heavily upon imported hash from Morocco or Spain. In much of Central America. The hilly terrain and numerous small islands provide many opportunities for covert growing. fitter examples evolve or are introduced. ©DIRKVDM . and low-quality weed from Albania. further compounding the problem. selection pressures have acted against it as cultivators prefer a more robust. Many of the secrets of Cannabis that are only now becoming common knowledge to us were known thousands of years ago to the ancient Greeks. High-quality local cultivars that were widely available in the 1980s are now almost impossible to find. second city of the Peloponnese (a region on the south coast of mainland Greece that enjoys a very pleasant climate). as well as some Thai and Cambodian. higher-yielding plant.

FRESH CUT WEIGHT WAS 2. I have no doubt that a 400w LED array could easily outperform a 400w HID light. if green light is not used by the plant. and has a very pleasant exhale. The smoke is sweet tasting. They have two leads. An advantage LED lamps have over fluorescent lamps is the ability to project specific wavelengths (colors) of light. Trial two also ended prematurely. The plant finished in 55 days (just under 8 weeks). However. Bud development started very slow. Green light is reflected back away from the plant.38 ADVANCED INDOOR GROWING LED Trial with Critical Jack LIGHT EMITTING DIODES LEDS ARE USED TO TAKE A PLANT FROM SEED TO BUD Light emitting diodes are electroluminescent. at current market prices. 400w of LED array is substantially more expensive than 400w of HID lighting. water moved through the plant at a slower rate than I am used to. The first units arrived on the scene with a lot of hype and a high price tag. so by using red. and the plant was very bushy.7 ounces (75 grams) which trimmed and dried to . Calculating the GPD for each harvest will allow a gardener to compare the success of grows even if the number of days taken for each is different. However. When current is applied from positive to negative. and would add the expense of bulb replacement. so initial cost may be an important consideration. blue and violet bands. they use small doped semiconductors to emit light. bulb and socket. it is not an inexpensive unit to purchase: retail price runs in the same ballpark as a budget HID magnetic coil 1000w. and nutrient uptake problems. The Critical Jack has a woody aroma with subtle notes of lemon. During mid flowering. but may be more appropriate if these factors are not a concern. in an indoor vented closet. The testing took more trials than expected. Internode length was shorter. and final harvest was 20 grams for a GPD (grams per day) of . Compared to the GPDs from other tests. DAY 28: THE PLANT WAS MOVED INTO NORMAL LIGHTING FOR THIS PHOTO. Overall. but it was also small for its age. Trial one ended prematurely due to low temperature issues. due to a combination of complications from having the light too close to the canopy. Four seeds were put in to sprout on December 17th. a single 30w LED light might be manufactured from 30 x 1w by Grubbycup diodes. However. energy is not spent on creating green light. they either didn’t work. and as such I would not recommend them as a good choice for novice growers. For use in stealth cabinets or in a location where heat is an issue. and at least in theory. and that. . and foliage was denser than my experiences with HPS or fluorescent lighting. Today’s units still come with the hype and the price. bud development was very tight. overwatering wasn’t an issue. It runs much cooler than HID lighting. Chlorophyll uses light with wavelengths primarily from the red. I can confidently say that it is possible to grow good weed under a well-designed LED light. and as a result the plants suffered from the cool temperatures in the space. to ensure the plants did not suffer due to crowding. the 104w LED unit performed better than a 250w HID. The 1000w light would generate a lot more waste heat. but not as well as a 400w HID. Peace. or didn’t work well. but picked up dramatically in the last couple of weeks. be careful of over-watering. they perform better than HPS or fluorescent technologies. Wet weight was 2. LEDs are made to emit specific wavelengths. The lower waste heat of the LEDs could be useful in conditions where excess waste heat is a problem. it declared female). but when using LEDs over soil. watt for watt. This includes spending some energy on producing green light. The individual diodes are usually one to five watts each. should last longer without needing bulb or part replacements. they produce light. Grubbycup DAY 81: THE LED PLANTS ARE SHORT AND DENSE DAY 172: BUDS WITH TIGHT FLORAL CLUSTERS THIS 104W LED UNIT WAS THE ONE USED IN THE TRIAL. a positive and a negative. which is why the plant appears green. three of the plants were removed. would require more electricity to use. blue and violet lamps. and being mostly solid-state. Start to finish it took 185 days. Prototypes of LED grow lights disappointed a lot of early adopters. Since I used perlite as a growing medium. It seems well built. love and puka shells. The spacing of the branches was still very short. DAY 185: LEDS CAN FLOWER. with several wired together to make a single light fixture. The LED unit runs much cooler than traditional lighting. and as a result. Dinafem’s Critical Jack seeds were used.108. and the learning curve on use was steeper than it appeared. For example. The third trial successfully completed from seed to harvest without incident.and three-watt LEDs from the Netherlands. or 10 x 3w diodes. is more shock resistant than glass lamps.7 OUNCES (75 GRAMS). but I was curious if the advances in technology had advanced to the point where they were a viable alternative to HIDs and fluorescents. smooth with a hint of bite. LEDs have come a long way since they first hit the market. and early growth was compact and vigorous. ballast.7 ounce (20 grams) of nice smoke. but was easy to set up in a small space. A higher percentage of the energy spent is converted into light that the plants can use. The unit I tested is a commercial 104w combination of one. Plant transpiration under the unit was reduced. The plants were grown in perlite with small plastic pots as containers. LEDs create about the same amount of light per watt as fluorescent lighting. The self-contained unit is heavy for its size. and leaves a nice warm afterglow. the plant appeared to be a miniaturized version of a much larger plant. They sprouted normally. then that energy is wasted. To ensure that the plants were from quality genetics. A fluorescent lamp will use its power to broadcast light in many colors. Lighting was switched to 12 hours on/12 hours off at 130 days from seed. It delivers a nicely potent hit. TWELVE DAYS FROM SEED THE CRITICAL JACK FROSTED NICELY. My experience so far with LEDs has shown them to be unforgiving of errors. Gender declared itself as normal (being feminized. they are worth taking a look at – if the cost of purchasing the unit doesn’t break the budget.

MALE HEMP FIBER WAS USED TO MAKE FINE ITEMS LIKE THIS LINEN-STYLE CUSHION. stronger female fibers were used for ropes. Some enthusiasts claim the products they create are comparable to or even better than those produced from female plants. The plant matter is ground up as small as possible. Apart from the world of breeding highpotency Cannabis. Some. The male matures much faster than the female: it is already producing pollen and is ready to die in the initial few weeks of len. stable father can be the basis for hundreds of successful good quality. and strains of cultivated monoecious hemp must be re-developed from parent stock every few generations to prevent reversion to the normal dioecious growth. either in the form of hash. WEAVERS HAVE USED THE EARLIER-HARVESTED MALE FIBER TO MAKE FINE LINEN-STYLE ITEMS SUCH AS TOWELS. weeks before your girls will be ready.900 years before Western botanists ‘discovered’ sex in plants – also by studying male Cannabis! For this reason alone. CLOTHING AND BEDDING has thinner stalks. Male hemp grows 10-15% taller than female. male specimens of psychoactive Cannabis strains do contain varying amounts of THC and other cannabinoids. When selecting males for breeding. remember that a higher quantity of male plant matter will be needed than for female plant extraction. die and are harvested for fiber. Male plants mature faster than females. allowing pollination to occur and seeds to develop within the flower as it grows. the first sign a plant shows of being male is their cue to rip it up and dispose of it – but is there any use for the males besides causing your precious females to be ruined by seed growth? Unless you are a breeder.and A MALE SUPER SILVER HAZE PLANT IN FULL FLOWER – PART OF A BREEDING PROGRAM ©RIKVA 2009 were world-famous. by the time you next have to cut down your males you may be looking forward to it! A FLOWERING MALE HEMP PLANT SHOWING ABUNDANT POLLEN PRODUCTION ©ERIK FENDERSSON 2006 TRADITIONALLY. But their fibers are also prized. clothing and bedding.39 Male Cannabis: LET’S HEAR IT FOR THE BOYS! For most growers. In a greenhouse or indoor grow room. the observable traits that are most desirable are low hermaphroditism. Various males must be allowed to pollinate identical groups of female clones to ascertain which male produces the most viable offspring. The females then ripen and are harvested for seed and fiber. and some have reported producing hash of medium. male plants have a very important place in hemp farming. female plants can be cloned for many generations. knowing that they must be removed from the grow straightaway and that all the care and attention you’ve lavished upon them up to now was wasted. as THC levels are so low: in many traditional hash-making communities (such as Morocco) males are not separated from females – except for THROUGH HISTORY. Therefore THC production has already peaked by this point. release pollen. The method to produce butter from males is identical to that for females. armed with these facts. However. oil – or butter for cooking. the stalk and foliage may be treated in various ways to extract the psychoactive compounds. weavers have used the earlier-harvested male fiber to make fine linen-style items such as towels. Console yourself with the thought that you’ve actually got some usable THC. or an eighth of ice-o-lator or oil – who knows. Having males and females is an integral part of the Cannabis plant’s nature – just as it is for humans – and maintaining unnatural reproductive cycles for many generations is impossible without great effort. It’s a terrible feeling staring at a bunch of males. It is said that males make good oil – when extracted by soaking the plant matter in high-quality ethanol – and it is possible that this is the best use for your grow room or greenhouse males. The archaic English word ‘fimble’ (from the old Dutch femeel) specifically refers to the male hemp plant and male hemp fiber. So perhaps. Scent and floral structure may be discernible from male plants also. the male of the species deserves a special place in the annals of botanical history. you’ll be a little more forgiving when you next find yourself staring at a tiny. It is improbable that good results would be yielded from most methods of hash-making. by Kali Mist In the drug Cannabis industry. Feminized seed crops must be treated repeatedly with colloidal silver or gibberellic acid to prevent normal flowering. ©RAYELA ART 2008 . without their pollen. you’ve probably never thought much about it. the fiber is finer but lower in tensile strength. and rapid maturation rate. if the males are cut just before the flowers mature and begin to release polvery select crops – and hash containing male pollen is said to be yellowish and lower in strength and overall quality. new healthy generations cannot emerge. sacking and canvas. The coarser. When attempting any of the above methods. such as the almost silk-like fabrics manufactured by some Italian weavers. and stirred into melted butter (or a mixture of butter and water to prevent burning) with reportedly good results. The dioecious nature of Cannabis and the different uses for male and female hemp were recorded as early as 221 BC in an early Chinese dictionary. newlyformed male flower basking in the glow of your expensive HPS lights. On the other hand. good height (neither too short nor too tall). They are obviously vital for seed production as. strong males are prized by breeders. some indoor growers of highpotency strains have attempted to make ice-o-lator from males. A good. but at some point male pollen should be introduced and new seeds grown as the genetic begins to weaken. but the effect a male’s genes will have on the overall look and potency of his daughters can only be known by growing out the progeny to maturity. around 1. Through history. and this article will tell you a little about them. Yes. vigor. the female’s flower period. Any alternative to simply throwing them in the trash has got to be worth considering. and their properties have been long-studied. Although levels are low compared with female plants. It is impossible to create and stabilize a new variety without doing it the old-fashioned way (breeding males with females). But male plants do have their uses. Don’t throw them away – try making a batch of brownies.


a miss-match way back in the heady days of the ‘80s. Then. unaware of the experience yet to come. and that’s where their mother found them. He promised to look after the cake. it just added to the bizarreness. The hash was actually meant to be a reward for the chef. hav- THE COLOMBIAN AMBASSADOR HAD MOVED INTO THE BACK ROOM AND WAS HOLDING AUDIENCE OVER AN ANDEAN-SIZED PILE OF COCAINE. one of my more lecherous musician friends had turned up dressed as a priest and many of the older guests thought he was legit. It was at that point the cake arrived. At first it was going to be a normal fruit cake covered in icing. A friend offered to bake a wedding cake. Numb and in shock. thanks to that social lubricant: alcohol. Behind me. The bearer. After a moment or two of pleasantries. HE PROMISED TO LOOK AFTER THE CAKE. So. In complete panic. I was beginning to realize just how strong it was. so I decided to cut off a small piece and hide the rest. My grandmother even commented on how nice it was that I had a priest for a friend. The guest list was varied due to our different professions and wide circle of friends. they’d all seen it. The cake was handed over with the whispered words. I’d just suggested a pinch or two in the mix to mellow things out. We married in Amsterdam and the reception was held in the gallery. less sensitive days I was inevitably responsible by O’Riodon for giving nearly sixty people just such an experience. a shout announced somebody had found the remainder of the cake. people kept asking for more and my constant refusal seemed weird. There was also my new wife’s extensive Dutch family. it’s tasty and only as dangerous as the sugar that goes with it. tripped and fell down the stairs. The guy I was talking to suddenly lay down on the floor and then got up again as if nothing had happened. the haranguing I got had little effect. but that was the least of my problems. His Rolls Royce and escort were blocking the street. one uncle had eaten seven pieces. then headed for the cloakroom to get his coat. holding it high. I rushed up and grabbed what was left and disappeared upstairs. it was either the best party ever. When I reappeared with a plate of minute portions there were lots of complaints. Rushing into the main room. In less than a year he would become Minister of Finance and eventually go on to oversee the introduction of the Euro. I discovered my wife’s uncle had found the cake and was passing it out to little old ladies. I realized the explosive implications of a cake containing sixty grams of hash. Back in the party. It was downhill from there on THEY DROPPED LIKE FLIES . a moment later he really passed out. On the day. My seventy-four-yearold grandmother even attended. I couldn’t throw it away. the other half were beginning to wonder why they felt so weird. the next surprise. My new in-laws had just discovered the cloakroom was full of hairy people smokIT’S ALWAYS NICE TO HAVE A ‘PRIEST’ IN ATTENDANCE! ing weed. they began to drop like flies – fortunately I left before the ambulances arrived. but did prompt a visit to the back room. To my new in-laws I was the devil incarnate. the wedding ceremony was over and the party was getting into full swing. ‘it didn’t seem like much. If the dose is right. I even took a half-eaten piece off my grandmother. Unwittingly eating a cookie that takes you into another state of mind can be a little unnerving. This was a chapter out of William Burroughs and I was not enjoying it. befitting her status. or the worst. I heard the explosion from the other end of the party. All about the place the people were starting to turn green. The occasion was my first marriage. ing flown over from England with my mother. so we put it all in. Playing with them on the floor were my wife’s teenage nieces. it can be a pleasant and enlightening experience. When somebody walked past carrying a large piece. Having already eaten a piece. The coat (once found) was handed over smelling of weed. I disappeared with it into the kitchen and locked the door. The artists had softened to the bankers and even I had managed to shake off the stag night hangover. well. the director of the bank dropped by to pay his respects. but not as much as when I discovered the Colombian Ambassador had moved into the back room and was holding audience over an Andean-sized pile of cocaine. scattering cake everywhere. I freaked. He left. especially if it’s your first time. glistening white and sporting a big red ribbon. I must have seemed deranged. in. I mentioned earlier that my new wife was a money dealer. When I met him he was just finishing a piece of cake. but there’s a darker side to eating Cannabis – the surprise effect.EDIBLES 41 Dangerous Pastry A DELICIOUS TIME BOMB Eating Cannabis is still one of the best ways of consuming nature’s gift. I saw cake in all the wrong hands. Half the party fell on it like wolves. I have to confess in my younger. The cake tasted so good. he handed over a coffee machine and said goodbye. My partner’s Siamese cats had retreated to the back room. then the idea to give it a ‘sparkle’ crept in. Using the excuse of looking for a knife. I just beat him to the door. To add to the weirdness. Depending upon who you talked to. a delicious time bomb about to blow the party apart. She was a money dealer and I was a gallery owner.’ Even in my inebriated state. it seemed like a good idea at the time. When the end finally came it was quick. Then it started. when he got drunk and chased women around the party.

has been crossed with a Ruderalis strain to create another classic: Northern Light Automatic. Royal Haze Automatic: If you cross a Dutch classic such as Amnesia Haze with a Ruderalis and a type of Skunk. great attention is given to factors such as humidity in the air and » www. and good packaging is of fundamental importance. and the selection and packaging processes take place in a sterile environment.royalqueenseeds. Thanks to reasonable prices. a species that flowers even more rapidly than any grower could dream of! Royal Queen Seeds Now Packages Seeds Automatically Royal Queen Seeds has recently introduced a Hapamatic automated packaging machine for packaging seeds. our seeds are protected from the light and sterilized. Royal Queen Seeds has decided to launch several new species on the market. Northern Light. explains: ‘Today’s Cannabis consumers know exactly what to pay attention to when purchasing high-quality seeds.42 PRODUCT FLASH Royal Queen Seeds Launches New Automatic Species For the past four years. in every sense of the word: an automatic Haze that flowers in just nine weeks from bud to harvest! Royal AK Automatic: The well-known AK-47 crossed with a Ruderalis strain to create a genetically stable automatic species. Due to the enormous success of their so-called auto-flowering species. owner of Royal Queen Seeds. is a logical step for Royal Queen Seeds. you will obtain a spectacular plant. Our seeds are hand-chosen before being machine-packed. not only because clients expect the correct number of seeds but also because they require them to be selected and packaged with care. Northern Light Automatic: The other great classic. The implementation of the Hapamatic machine.’ For information: Royal Queen Seeds » “THE WAR ON DRUGS HAS FAILED!” 5 “ONE MORE WAY THAT HEMP PLASTIC COULD SAVE OUR LIVES” 17 “HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS” 20 . Boy Ramsahai. With the new system. the Royal Queen Seeds company has been an important actor on Europe’s constantly expanding Cannabis seed market. the high quality of the seeds and active participation in creation and distribution of female seeds and the socalled ‘automatic’ species. already used for years in the medical sector for packaging large quantities of medicine. Royal Queen Seeds has become an extremely prominent company.


locations and times. these eleven tracks enfold listeners in a bounteous panoply of melodies and textures reminiscent of Brian Wilson’s daring Smile period. which focuses on Marvin’s LP and post-LP Detroit recordings.’ muses Jesse. Bruner (a. to produce an unparalleled insight into Marvin’s showpiece. LA-based. and the band counts Zane Lowe. then Stephen Bruner’s bass is a mainline to the soul of a man whose DNA was transcribed from the stars onto staff paper. From the first day of release. ‘You go five miles outside Stillwater and it’s just untouched plains. THE SET PROVIDES NOT ONLY AN ESSENTIAL PIECE OF MARVIN GAYE HISTORY FOR FANS.k. offers both stone-cold skill and uncanny astrality. OK. Spanning the spectrum of sonic style. AND NO HESITATION IN FUSING THE FAMILIAR WITH THE STRANGE. Thundercat) is accompanied by an impressive cast ranging from Erykah Badu to members of Sa-Ra and J*DaVeY. Produced by the band themselves and mixed by Beck’s longtime drummer Joey Waronker. Will Rast. The term ‘chamber-pop’ readily springs to mind. is well known for his work with a veritable encyclopedia of artists – both locally and internationally – such as Mya. Wayne Coyne of Flaming Lips and Bad Seed Jim Sciavunos among their burgeoning ranks of avid fans. THE FUNK ARK IS YOUR NEW ONE-STOP SHOP FOR BOOTY-SHAKING VINTAGE GROOVES. The set. the JB’s and the Fania Allstars simultaneously. songwriter and producer. several post-album outtakes. Tamer Animals was written and recorded at Other Lives’s own studio over a period of sixteen months. He will also be featuring on ESL Instigators – Thievery Corporation’s forthcoming release. ‘I think that has affected me subconsciously. Federico Aubele. sits Stillwater. and the result is a gritty and soulful mix of inspired afro-beat and big band funk. unexpected chapter of Beauty and the Beast. behind What’s Going On. as an uncompromising singer. The album introduced Marvin Gaye. Jesse Tabish. Interweaving layer upon layer of intricately winding and pulsing orchestrations. The package also includes rare and unseen photography from throughout the recording process and the remarkable. There are raw. As always. yet instantly appealing and alluringly mysterious. but Other Lives’s music invokes everything from Phillip Glass’s dazzling minimalism to Morricone’s dark. It is like the next.44 MUSIC REVIEWS Bassnectar Divergent Spectrum AMORPHOUS MUSIC Bassnectar is the brainchild of Lorin Ashton. By Kaz Peet Other Lives Tamer Animals PLAY IT AGAIN SAM At the crossroads of US 177 and State Highway 51. His Flying Lotus-produced debut. BY COMBINING SOUND AND FORCE WITH WEIGHT. A meditative act of artistic rebellion. SHOUT IT FROM THE ROOFTOPS! Thundercat The Golden Age of Apocalypse BRAINFEEDER If indeed ‘you blows who you is’. BUT LISTENERS NEEDN’T WORRY. TIME REALLY ISN’T A THING. and each song became a journey. Delivering healthy doses of the sound. OVER ALL.a. including original mono hit singles. improvised numbers like Jamboree and virtuosic bass pileups like Fleer Ultra.and Latin funk/dance music scenes of the 1960s and ‘70s. The Golden Age of Apocalypse was years in the making even though. to pianist Austin Peralta and his own Grammy-winning brother. INSIDE OF THIS SPACE. a soft whirl of bluesy piano. the music covers every conceivable genre and smashes it all into a synthesis of intense. A TAUT BEAUTY SPANGLED WITH CRYSTALLINE HARP AND KEYS. BRINGING THIS STRING OF DIVINELY UNEXPECTED MOMENTS TO A MOODY AND CINEMATIC CLOSE IS RETURN TO THE JOURNEY. drummer Ronald Bruner. unlikely hometown to a remarkable band – Other Lives – and its gifted singer/composer and multi-instrumentalist bandleader. this debut album recalls the best of Africa 70. DC. as raw as it is meticulous and as fierce as it is imaginary. stories and grooves remain timeless. picking up where the pair left off on 2010’s Cosmogramma – further distilling the jazz current running through that landmark Lotus release. the end result is unmistakably a Thundercat record – a lush and magical document combining classic jazz-fusion. But Lotus spurred him on. ONE OF THE ALBUM’S MOST STUNNING MOMENTS ARRIVES WITH A SPACIOUS COVER OF GEORGE DUKE’S FOR LOVE I COME. ‘no strings’ mix of the title track. original Detroit Mix. is no disappointment. Tamer Animals. his single sequel. on vinyl for the first time. it traverses a mashed-up aural continuum that reaches from dark to light. a timeless aural sublimity of The Great Plains of the Old West. The Funk Ark From the Rooftops ESL MUSIC The Funk Ark is a world funk ensemble based in Washington. his lyrics. OR THE CLASSIC WITH THE CUTTING EDGE. and a series of recordings (mostly instrumental) made in Detroit before Marvin followed Motown to Los Angeles. The Golden Age of Apocalypse. The group draws upon influences from the African. For 12 has already gotten the thumbs up from Radiohead. Bruner had never planned on releasing his own music. disregarding the rules. RAMP and Raheem Devaughn. The first single off of Tamer Animals. ‘TIME WILL PASS US BY’. You’re The Man. out on August 29th 2011. This latest EP release. the company’s sexy prince. futurist electronic strains and timeless musical seeking. includes a fullyremastered version of What’s Going On. Universal present this super deluxe edition. battle like story. the groundbreaking concept work was recognized as a magnum opus. this masterpiece broke the Motown mold. the original. YET COOLLY ELEGANT BEAUTY THAT MIRRORS THE LANDSCAPE SURROUNDING THEM. There’s the ebullient Daylight. The Motor City theme of this edition continues on the included 12-inch: the LP’s rare.’ Marvin Gaye What’s Going On UNIVERSAL To celebrate the 40th anniversary of Marvin Gaye’s seminal Motown classic What’s Going On. is ambitious in scope: densely textured and uncompromisingly sophisticated. an upbeat soul strutter powered by Bruner’s digitally-distorted plucks. This 40th anniversary edition couples the much-adored music with the wonders of modern day mastering. in the midst of a vast mid-western plain. A longtime contributor to others’ albums. epic sweep. There’s Walkin. heavy to soft and pretty to ugly. BRUNER SINGS. as Louis Armstrong once famously said. BUT ALSO A UNIQUE AND COMPREHENSIVE INSIGHT INTO ONE OF THE WORLD’S MOST CHERISHED ALBUMS FOR ANY SOUL SISTER OR -BROTHER. and exists as an open-sourced musical project that is as diverse as it is dogged. with nary a saddle nor spur in sight. THE BASSNECTAR EXPERIENCE ENGULFS THE SENSES. wobbling basslines and hypnotic soundscapes. Jr. Still. IT IS AS PHYSICAL AS IT IS AUDITORY – A LAWLESS ADVENTURE WITH NO LIMITATIONS. . snapping beats and warm bass. UNDERPINNING THE ALBUM’S RICH PALETTE OF SOUNDS IS THE BAND’S NATIVE DUST BOWL AUSTERITY: A STARK. Spanning a cosmic stew of players. For 12 especially exemplifies the latter: its galloping rhythms conjure a feeling of uneasy expansiveness. their second album. Divergent Spectrum. New Age synth. Natalie Clavier. The group’s keyboardist and main songwriter. THERE. rejected.

for his seminal album Pieces of a Man. In his second year at university he was given leave of absence to write a novel. made him widely recognized as one of the Kaz Peet most inspirational figures of rap music and beyond. Scott-Heron would credit his grandmother with being one of the primary influences on his life: ‘[She] raised me to not sit around and wait for people to guess what’s on your mind – I was gonna have to say it.OBITUARY 45 Cultivating his interest in music and literature. a live recording of one of ScottHeron’s club performances. Both a genius and a soldier. The Nigger Factory (1971). Scott-Heron sang in a roughly arresting voice that was once described as a mixture of ‘mahogany. On the recommendation of his high school English teacher. a thriller about ghetto life. was a composer. I’m New Here. who became a major influence. songs such as Must Be Something and It’s Your World were moving affirmations of faith in the power of the human spirit. the Ethical Culture Fieldston School. Gil won a scholarship to a private school. A tall. He was named after his father. The Bottle and the anti-apartheid anthem Johannesburg. and would lead to his being described as ‘the godfather of rap’. 1949. sunshine and tears’. allied to the overtly political content of his work. and his political message. The song went on to be covered. would be a major influence on such groups as Public Enemy and NWA. in the early ‘50s Gilbert Sr. The bass player Ron Carter. musician. you just get a lot of posturing. Gil Scott-Heron was born in Chicago on April 1st. and a call to arms to the black community: ‘You will not be able to stay home brother.’ Written when Scott-Heron was just 18. The following year he recorded the song for a second time. The Vulture (1970). The followup Pieces of Man brought him together (on record) for the first time with Brian Jackson. as well as being the cowriter (with George David Weiss) of Louis Armstrong’s What a Wonderful World. Gil ScottHeron’s legacy will survive his death. and he moved to New York to be reunited with his mother. . It was there that he met Gil’s mother. who brought up her son on her own. His parents separated when he was two./Skip out for beer during commercials. He enjoyed further chart success in 1976 with Johannesburg and. His vocal style. serving jail time for various offenses. in Jackson. Scott-Heron first came to attention with his 1970 recording The Revolution Will Not Be Televised. it first appeared in the form of a spokenword recitation on his debut album Small Talk at 125th and Lenox.’ composer who would become his main collaborator on nine albums./You will not be able to plug in. Lillie Scott. this time with a full band. there was a resurgence of interest in his work when he returned with his first studio album in 16 years. a Jamaican who had settled in America. had recorded such artists as John Coltrane. His declamatory singing style. Scott-Heron’s music reflected something of the militancy and self-assertiveness of such theorists and polemicists as Malcolm X and Stokely Carmichael. who died on May 27th. On graduation he published a second novel. But anger was not the only color in Scott-Heron’s music palette. flautist and Gil Scott-Heron: SOUL BROTHER SADLY PASSES AWAY. a librarian and an accomplished singer. turn on and cop out. Over the course of 20 albums he produced a series of sardonic and biting commentaries on ghetto life and racial injustice. described it as ‘a voice like you would have for Shakespeare’. rail-thin man with a wispy goatee beard and a countenance of prophetic gravity. played football professionally for Celtic and Third Lanark. a compelling attack on the mindless and anesthetizing effects of the mass media. YET HIS SPIRIT SHALL NEVER FADE! Gil Scott-Heron. before returning to Chicago. Sonny Rollins and Dizzy Gillespie. With mantra-like incessance. poet and author whose writings and recordings provided a vivid – and often stinging – commentary on social injustice and the black American experience. while working as a clerk at a dry cleaners. but was to fall victim to drug abuse more than two decades later. Gilbert Heron. Pieces Of A Man./Because the revolution will not be televised. before going on to study at Lincoln University in Pennsylvania. a keyboard-player.’ He preferred to call himself ‘a blues-ologist’. Small Talk at 125th and Lenox. Bobbie. sampled and referenced in innumerable recordings. and one that always emphasized lyrical content over technique. When Gil was 12 his grandmother died. Home Is Where The Hatred Is. his songs that rumble from deep within his soul will continue to incite and inspire generations of young people to take up the struggle from where he left off. He said: ‘You don’t really see inside the person. Instead. she bought him a second-hand piano from a local funeral parlor and introduced him to the writings of the Harlem Renaissance novelist and poet Langston Hughes. aged 62. It was a title that ScottHeron himself always deplored. with the anti-drug song Angel Dust./ You will not be able to lose yourself on skag and skip. in 1978. Tennessee. and he was sent to live with his maternal grandmother. including Whitey’s On The Moon. as head of the Impulse label. In 2010. and a collection of poetry. Thiele released Small Talk at 125th and Lenox. who played on ScottHeron’s second album. where his prowess at football brought him to the attention of talent scouts from Scotland. earning the nickname ‘the Black Arrow’. about campus unrest. He was soon approached by the jazz producer Bob Thiele who.

It looked like a lot of fun. I couldn’t pass up the opportunity. and Cannabis activists are engaged in broadening this progression. Gay. non-violent drug offenders (read: pot smokers) as well as the social toll that high numbers of imprisonment brings to some towns and neighborhoods. Federal or international. parents are Sonny and Cher) was this year’s celebrity Grand Intellibusiness Management Letgrow. Kaz Peet. the publisher hopes Soft Secrets will expose the positive aspects of the normalization of Cannabis use to the public.Red. The editors take no responsibility for unsolicited submissions. purple corsets and rainbows galore passed by. state-. F. Soft Secrets USA #5/2011 out: October 18th. New York. Distribution Carlos Garcia Circulation Manager www. humorous or overly suggestive way. On the 26th of June 2011. Editorial adress: E-mail: kristie@softsecrets. each vying for Distribution by: Editor in chief: Kristie Szalanski Contributors: Grubbycup.46 MARCHES & DEMOS / INDEX OF ADS / COLOFON Index of ads Name Advanced Seeds All American Healing Group Apothecary 420 Attitude the Attitude the Best Price Evaluations Dinafem Seeds Funky Skunk the Ganja Juice Green Door the Higher Level Hydroasis. are calling for the outright legalization of marijuana. whether local-. Usually presented in a very Advertisements: Jessica Telephone: +1-661-333 3151 E-mail: jessica@softsecrets. I was trying to make my way across it to get to the HT Cannabis Mountain High Paradise Seeds Pollinator Company Royal Queen Seeds As oft-marginalized as Cannabis users are. I hadn’t originally intended to go to the parade. Bisexual. Kali Mist. while go-go dancers of all sorts gyrated for the crowd. cars and people on foot paraded in front of an admiring crowd. O’Riodon.magazinedistribution. The parade itself is a symbol of the success of that tolerance. The publisher is not responsible for the content and/or point of view of advertisements. Taxpayers are frustrated with funding the incarceration of first-time. As usual. This year’s theme was ‘In Pride We Trust’. and even more non-users than ever. Overall. Nothing from this publication may be copied or reproduced in any format without prior permission from the publisher and other copyright holders. I happened upon a parade. Grubbycup Gay Pride Parade in San Francisco While on my way to the Cannabis Cup. et al. Floats. the crowd seemed very wellbehaved. Some townships. Now we must be patient and see how the debate develops during a period of relative peace between both sides. welcoming all to their flocks. 24th floor / Suite 2400 Los Angeles. Soft Secrets forums operate under the assumption that the publisher does not necessarily agree with the views and opinions expressed in articles and advertisements therein. who had not planned on attending (and merely stumbled into the area) seemed far more amused than shocked by anything we saw. On the one hand a playful celebration of sexuality. Peace. with a dash of Salvador Dali thrown in for good measure. which resulted in a riot. Colophon Page 1 40 16 2 4 19 25 43 28 48 40 43 8 1 43 1 43 47 43 35 11 1 32 35 Soft Secrets USA is published by Discover Publishers USA. But I was in San Francisco. The Sativa Diva. Buddy Kush. simultaneously decreasing the number of unnecessary arrests. That event and its repercussions are often credited with being a galvanizing force that helped by Grubbycup unite the LGBT movement into organizing. and the other a stark reminder of the intolerance and bigotry that still exists. but that didn’t seem like a bad thing. Black leather. Signs and flags proclaimed support for tolerSMILING PEOPLE IN BRIGHT COSTUMES ance. I had to at least stop and take a look.A. and throughout the path of the parade. The costumes ranged from sensual to absurd. Actor Olympia Dukakis made a personal appearance in a classic car. The publisher therefore distances himself explicitly from statements or images that might give the impression that an endorsement is being made for the illicit use or production of Cannabis. the motorcycle club ‘Dykes on BIKES’ spearheaded the show. Sensible Seeds Serious Seeds Strain Genius Sweet Seeds Sweet Seeds Vapors SOME OUTFITS WERE MORE INTERESTING THAN OTHERS. polite and a smorgasbord for people-watching. Churches marched in the parade. I thought it was GO-GO DANCING FLOAT a fun show with some underlying serious messages. Soft Secrets does not advocate breaking any laws. people stood three-deep or more to watch the festivities. In the meantime. San Francisco held the 41st annual San Francisco Lesbian. almost half of the states have embarked on a process of relative liberalization towards the use of Cannabis. The annual celebration commemorates riots that took place at a bar in Greenwich Village. Cannabis users are a menace to no one and are causing no discernible social problem. the sight of naked and semi-naked people appeared to have little adverse effect on the crowd. CA 90067 E-mail: Telephone: +1-310-488-1911 A word from the publisher: To the chagrin of the US Federal Government.N. In spite of its somber inspiration. Thousands of people were in attendance. Inc Century Park Plaza 1801 Century Park East. and it was one of the biggest parades of its kind. In 1969 police raided a bar named the ‘Stonewall Inn’. love and puka shells. we can certainly understand how difficult the fight for LGBT rights can be. nudity was a common sight – despite not generally being tolerated in public. Whether they are finding their way to the local medical distribution point or growing for personal stash. which was on the other side of the parade route from where I was. 2011 . as suggestive REPRESENTED ALL TYPES. Some politicians. Even folks like myself. Transgender Pride Celebration.I. Cover Photo: Grubbycup Comic: oz. Chaz Bono (formerly Chastity Bono. mayors and police chiefs – on a local level – now actively support a ‘compassion club’ distribution system as a way of separating recreational stoners from the people who legitimately need therapeutic help. and is excited to offer a forum to both proand anti-legalization advocates. these days the festival appeared to be more a demonstration of free speech – and as an excuse for outrageous outfits.

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