ISSUE 4 2011
18+ For adults only. Soft Secrets is published six times a year by Discover Publishers USA, Inc.

In this issue:
A report has just been issued by the Global Commission on Drug Policy, condemning the ineffective and often damaging policies implemented in the War on Drugs. What does this mean for our industry, and how can we move forward? ›› 5

A Cease-Fire in the Drug War?
Doesn’t it seem as if overnight, Cannabis has become socially acceptable in America? The Global Commission on Drug Policy has just released a report about the utter failure of the War on Drugs, despite the billions of dollars flushed through it over the years. HR 2306 could present the first-ever modern Federal legislation that would allow peace for the pot industry, since its criminalization in 1937. A mind-blowing documentary called What if Cannabis Cured Cancer is now sweeping the globe, allaying many of the fears regarding medicinal marijuana that plague the medical community – as well as vindicating the thousands of activists and proponents who have been shouting (at seemingly deaf ears) for decades about the merits of our beloved plant. It’s true. Cannabis is not that bad for you. If the product is grown organically and handled carefully, the consumption of the drug – even smoking it, although we cannot deny the dangers of smoking in general – is not physically addictive, and most of the negative consequences of its effects can be directly attributed to the shortcomings of the user. The punitive nature of America’s drug policies has done more harm than good in incarcerating first-time, non-violent individuals who, at worst, should be in drug treatment facilities. In moderation or clinical settings, Cannabis presents a therapeutic substance that treats more ailments than any other single drug in the history of medicine and should not be unjustly demonized. Allowing people to grow weed will not lead to the immediate collapse of human civilization, nor will it plunge our youth into the depths of depravity. We need education, quality control, safe access, protection for care-givers and patients; but mostly, we need to be TAXED so that cash can be put towards the necessary legislation, organizations and social programs. Sorry, drug dealers: we all know that if weed were ever legalized the price would drop. Why panic? It won’t drop that much, and if laws loosen, the groups of

ades about the freedoms lavished upon the smoking masses in this low-lying nation. Well, it’s all potentially about to crash and burn, as the Dutch government wants to issue marijuana membership cards to legal, tax-paying residents only, restricting their purchases to the one coffeeshop nearest to their house. At a maximum limit of three grams. Read on to find out how this might affect your next vacation.... Finally, no Drug War edition would be complete without a mention of Eddy Lepp. Perhaps one of the most famous Green Prisoners in the world, Eddy is

What if Cannabis Cured Cancer?

›› 7

Simon, proprietor of Serious Seeds, explains how the Cannabis seed industry is even more susceptible to piracy than the music world, and what will happen if it’s not prevented. ›› 14

Hemp Kevlar

›› 17

HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS The Devil’s Harvest Seed Company reveal their secrets of Cannabis seed feminization, why they do it and what the future holds for this Amsterdam label. ›› 20

people who secretly like Cannabis, but avoid it due to issues such as the fact that it’s still absurdly classed as Schedule I, will soon join the ranks of your customer lists. Demand will likely increase, and you can finally go legit! This issue of SSUSA presents a few different ramifications of the War on Drugs, including some of the international effects of bad drug stigma, such as the impending ‘Weed Pass’ in the Netherlands. You’ve all heard for dec-

hardly visible in the Cannabis press, despite his famous arrest and incarceration. Due to his contributions to the medical Cannabis community over the years, we felt that he deserved a ‘visit’. It’s ironic that some of the very pioneers who assisted in the liberalization of US pot laws are locked away and cannot enjoy the new freedom themselves. Things are looking up, folks; however, we’ve still got a long way to go towards complete legalization. How are you helping?



Something Missing?
Don’t see your company, product or techniques featured in the pages of SSUSA? Wish your activist organization could get a little free press? Contact us! Are you or is someone you know particularly gifted with a camera? Then why not submit your amateur photos to SSUSA? They could end up on the cover! Subject is of your choosing, and an emphasis on Cannabis is absolutely not necessary. Be as creative and expressive as possible, and you might just see your work on the front page, or within the next issue of Soft Secrets USA. Photographers will be credited for their work. Cannabis photos are rarely used for cover shots. Oh, and let’s keep it classy, people! Not into photography but still have an interesting talent or story? Contact us if you think you deserve a place in our publication. Feel free to let us know about new books, television and film projects; festivals, events and demonstrations, medical advances, green prisoners or even interesting companies who deserve a little support and media coverage. We love hemp, and are always happy to highlight the innovations that make this industry so exciting. We hope to hear from you. * Press concerns and photos (minimum resolution 300dpi @ 4x4 inches) may be emailed to * All submissions will be handled with discretion. Soft Secrets USA is not responsible for unsolicited submissions, either for graphics or text.


Cease-Fire in the Drug War? Page 3 Girl: Warlock The War on Drugs Has Failed! What if Cannabis Cured Cancer? HR 2306 Strain Awards Eddy Lepp Dutch Weed Pass Seed Piracy Hemp Kevlar How to Feminize Cannabis Didymium Glasses Mila’s Journey Rolling Papers Breeding Grubbycup’s Stash Pollinator Company HT Medical Cannabis Cup International Seed Market Thanks, Jacques Kalamata & Panama Red LED Trial: Critical Jack Male Cannabis Dangerous Pastry Royal Queen Seeds Hy’s Deli by oz. A Stoned Selection Gil Scott-Heron Gay Pride San Francisco Colophon 1 3 5 7 9 10 12 13 14 17 20 23 24 26 29 31 31 33 36 37 38 39 41 42 42 44 45 46 46 FROM THE EDITOR STRAIN REPORT LEGAL FILM REVIEW/MEDICINAL LEGAL STRAIN REPORT GREEN PRISONERS AMSTER-RANT

The Warlock was created in the early 1990s by Gerrit, the owner and breeder of Magus Genetics. Due to personal circumstances Gerrit was not able to continue his business and we from Serious Seeds decided to incorporate the strains of Magus Genetics into our program. The Warlock won the 3rd place at the High Times Cannabis Cup in 1997. Short and bushy during the vegetative period, it grows huge, compact buds with few leaves in flowering. Especially indoors the Warlock is a good yielder, with a harvest of 400-500g per square meter. The clear white pistils change to a tan/pinkish color when ripe. Warlock has a sweet smell with a tinge of sour, reminiscent of fresh fruits. The effect is felt very quickly after the toke and is a strong high, which is felt more in the head than in the body. Due to its high THC content, the Warlock has good medical qualities for pain relief and against insomnia. Name: Pedigree: Warlock Mostly indica (Skunk/Afghani x Afghani) Breeder: Gerrit from Magus Genetics Producer: Serious Seeds Height: Short and bushy Weight: Good yielder (400-500g/m2) Flowering Time: 55-60 days



economists. broadly generating an uproar from neighboring nations and international press. the Commission has officially recognized the utter failure of the War on Drugs – as well as the devastating consequences it has had on society and its members. waves of propaganda and misinformation were very efficient in convincing the citizens of the risks these drugs brought to the established order and moral values of the new world. the Global Commission on Drug Policy has recognized the need to re-evaluate the international approach to drug use and production. depression. ANY means possible. would start listening to the Devil’s music – which we now call ‘Jazz’. marginalization and stigmatization of people who use drugs but who do no harm to others.5 A REPORT FROM THE GLOBAL COMMISSION ON DRUG POLICY The War on Drugs Has Failed! Since the last hundred years. a part of the United Nations. former Secretary General of the United Nations). History has shown this on numerous accounts. And yet nothing has really changed since the War on Drugs first started. A couple of countries decided upon new approach- DRUG PROMOTION (PHOTO BY MANTAS RUZVELTAS) es. claiming it would see increased drug use amongst youth and become a drug user’s haven. The war on Cannabis is the perfect example. harsh repression and propaganda – as well as a recognized waste of taxpayers’ hard earned cash. insecurity. However. Buddy Kush When the decision was made to start an official war against the use of drugs back in the early 20th century. the Global Commission on Drug Policy published data claiming that rather than dropping. on the first of July. neighboring countries were quick to paint gloomy pictures of the country’s future. More exactly. 2001. To give a concrete example. reinforcing the apparent need to combat it by any means possible. With no regulation whatsoever. but for a very few pioneers. the government has to use taxation to finance its inefficient war. Even though Portugal was able to show positive results over the last ten years.5%. Prime Minister of Greece.. former President of Mexico. with budgets surpassing $40B a year in America alone. WAR ON DRUGS REPORT. Not only was this drug considered to be responsible for the moral depravity spreading through the US via foreign immigrants. it also affected white people by encouraging them to abandon their moral values. Enter the Global Commission on Drug Policy Together with a group of illustrious commissioners (amongst whom were George Papandreou. Ernesto Zedillo. The results of prohibition remain the same today as they were then. governments worldwide have so far refused to adjust their approach. ill health and criminality: the alcohol prohibition that took place in the 1920s. taxpayers pay the government to ultimately help the very criminals it claims to fight against. increased use. high prices and no quality control – which can potentially lead to disastrous health issues. This situation is one of which many are aware: politicians. it was also accused of causing depravity in white women who. to sum up. In 2010. Their conclusions are basic and most are obvious. With no other source of income. While drug use and possession are still legally prohibited. governments continue to invest increasing amounts of funds into a losing battle. sociologists – as well as the criminals involved.5%. given a bit of thought: to ‘End the criminalization. Despite this. after having consumed the drug. it is easy to spot the correlation between prohibition. to: IS IT THE CANNABIS OR THE PROPAGANDA CAUSING DEPRAVITY? (PHOTO BY KAT) . cocaine and opiate use have all increased over a ten year period (1998-2008) with a respective increase of 8. In a publication released in the beginning of June 2011. other countries still stubbornly deny that a new approach is needed. And who pays the price for all this? One simple answer: you and me. everyone thought it would be for the best.. former Chairman of the US Federal Reserve and Economic Recovery Board and Kofi Annan. The Financial Times estimated that the War on Drugs had far-surpassed the trillion-dollar mark. the international approach to drugs has been one of intolerance. it was surprising to read that the Global Commission on Drug Policy. So. hard-drug use.’ Also. If we are to look at relevant historical references. Portugal decriminalized the use of drugs. by the way – and to be promiscuous with black men. In the first week of June however. violations of those prohibitions are considered as administrative violations. had published an article recognizing the failure of the War on Drugs and offering a set of principles and recommendations to efficiently tackle the issue. Cannabis. Having heard of this decision. consumers also have to deal with insecurity in obtaining the drug. 27% and 34. Substances leading to violence. Mind you. not criminal offenses. the death of brain cells and mental disorders: these are some of the many scare tactics used over the decades to convince people of the dangers of drug-use. JUNE 2011 In their new report. Most of us with a basic understanding of market and social dynamics have known that it was an approach bound to fail. the taxpayers. Paul Volcker.

decades’ worth of propaganda will have to be addressed before any truly unbiased conclusion can be reached. small scale dealers come next.e. they could potentially find themselves without employment. The necessary steps towards rectifying the situation will contain big challenges. we can not only ensure that the misconceptions are STIMULATING GOVERNMENTS TO EXPERIMENT WITH REGULATION AND DECRIMINALIZATION HAS PROVEN THAT A LESS REPRESSIVE APPROACH LEADS NOT ONLY TO LOWER DRUG USE. Countries continuing to invest heavily in law enforcement should focus on Conclusions Isn’t it amusing that these facts – which have been preached by activists for years – are finally being acknowledged now that a group of governmental celebrities is repeating them? Regardless. 8. taking diverse political.) which truly do need attention.) This seems a very commendable set of principles. Challenge misconceptions about drug users. Offer a wide and easily accessible range of options for treatment of drug dependence. with a special focus on youth. This dynamic will not change unless the legality of drug use and production in itself is revised. Policies should be a global. This would thereby limit drug use linked to external influences such DOES THIS MEAN I’LL GET MY CROP BACK? (PHOTO BY KAT) placed at the top. despite certain shortcomings. This is why extensive efforts must be made to provide adequate resources for prevention – with a focus on the ‘sensitive’ social groups such as youths – as well as the developing of easy access to treatment for the people suffering from drug dependencies. 4. Judging the success of the War on Drugs by the number of arrests made. Through open discussion and effective education. law enforcement etc. pharmaceutical companies. it can be summarized in a pyramidal structure with the end-user a continually repressive approach to dealers help in curbing consumption? Instead. petrochemical. textile-. the Commission has agreed upon a list of four principles and eleven recommendations they hope can help rectify the situation. drug use in itself and drug dependency. Stop considering drug users criminals and offer them health and treatment services to those in need. drug use will never cease. educational initiatives and so forth. there is no denying that. BUT ALSO TO LESS HEALTH ISSUES the health sector. There are exceptions though. Base drug policies on solid evidence. to keep all these facts in mind and to discuss the issue in its entirety to guarantee as smooth a transition as we can. 6. Based on discussion. thereby reducing the harms linked to the underground market. plus medical-.. the ‘forbidden fruit’ effect. Encourage experimentation with regulation models designed to undermine organized crime and benefit the health and security of end users. the drugs market. as well as revenues that the government can then tax to finance rehabilitation centers. Invest more in evidence-based prevention. The day our approach to drugs evolves. check online at: http://www. socialand political experiments done internationally. etc. Not only will economic interests shift – imagine what will happen to the paper-. Drug policies must be pursued in a comprehensive way. however (i. living conditions. to focus repressive actions on violent criminal organizations[. The UN must provide leadership in global drug policy reform. etc. 3. considering the problem rationally (not emotionally) and learning from past mistakes is the key to moving things forward. You try an approach. it is time for the relevant institutions to face the facts. Establish better methods to measure the progress.] but first and foremost to begin the transformation of the “global drug prohibition regime” by replacing current measures with responsible policies and strategies built on facts and not on ideology and political convenience. The Recommendations: 1. Until this is done. It is therefore important to be critical. And indeed. Switzerland. What about you? For more information on the report. In this case. 10.6 ‘encourage experimentation by governments with models of legal regulation. trustworthy means of distribution.’ organized crime and traffickers. neglect. adapt it – modify it to suit your needs. naturally.and construction industries the day hemp is fully legalized – but entire new markets will appear. which can easily be applied given the extensive research done internationally by recognized authorities. Develop new sentences for first-time/ small-scale dealers. involving all relevant parties (families. To be Perfected… Stimulating governments to experiment with regulation and decriminalization – as countries such as the Netherlands. There are a couple of notions that appear to be lacking. shared responsibility. 2. Needless to say we’ll be doing our part. the conclusions are as follows: The Principles: 1. The War on Drugs has failed. To this end. 5. the control of the drug market and the funds it generates will remain as they are. judge the results and. Spain and Portugal have done – has proven that a less repressive approach leads not only to lower drug use but also to less health issues linked to their consumption. 2. all concerned parties (families. so long as a curious mind exists. forbid research into certain drugs. to invest in drug prevention and drug education. More than that. Base drug policies on human rights and public health principles. health specialists. we must also take other social repercussions into account. socio-economic status or. COMPARISON OF THE CANNABIS MARKETS IN FRANCE AND THE NETHERLANDS The Measure Themselves: In order to tackle this vast task.. especially [with regards] to Cannabis’ and ‘offer health and treatment services to those in need.globalcommission ondrugs. society’s leaders) will actively need to take part in order to start rectifying generations’ worth of misinformation. It is essential to everything we do in life. If one looks at the current structure of drug trade/use. Together with the necessary regulations and quality controls this could create a more secure. while also eliminating the need for an illegal market in one fell swoop. However. We must act now! A very good first step. points six and seven). How will really opened up the debate about our approach to drugs worldwide. the number of drugs intercepted. security firms. As many have said before. is not in any way a measure of success – especially when the consumption of said drug continues to rise. 3. 7. 9. It is time for us to face the issue head-on and adapt. This will create new jobs. even today. because of certain countries which. Pursue an open debate and break through the taboo surrounding drugs. 4. prevention. we should discuss the possible creation of licenses allowing the production of these drugs. It is quite an accurate representation of the control each group has on the market. but also give everyone the information necessary for them to be able to make an educated decision with regards to drug use. create jobs and economic income and reduce health risks (with regard to altered substances). followed by larger scale dealers and organized crime forming the wide base. law enforcement. if lacking.’ An ultimate goal is ‘to rethink the approach now in place with regards to people involved in the lower end of the illegal drug markets. 11. as peer pressure. Imagine how many people profit from the War on Drugs: the prison industry. this publication has created waves throughout international press and has . allowing institutions to focus on drug use linked to larger social issues (childhood trauma. social and cultural realities into consideration.

You read that correctly: human beings produce the endogenous version of the herbal cannabinoids responsible for the myriad effects brought about by the consumption of weed. one cannot argue about the proven role and functions that cannabinoids (endogenous. then that’s definitely not true.and immune systems. CANNABIS PHARMACEUTICALS PRESENT A LESS-TOXIC ALTERNATIVE FOR INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE ALREADY ILL. If Cannabis (and the drug compounds therein) is so dangerous. Activists from within the community will rejoice: the merits of medbut extremely in-depth. smokers. The documentary begins with a brief education on the ancient relationship between Cannabis and humans. In addition. anti-inflammatory. THESE FOUR CANNABINOIDS ARE CONSIDERED AMONG THE MOST IMPORTANT OF THE 400+ COMPOUNDS FOUND IN CANNABIS. Not only does smoking moderate amounts of weed NOT cause cancer. then why do we produce nearly atomically-twin substances that our body requires to survive? According to Di Marzo (1998). where they can then destroy cancer cells in a carefully-guided attack. THCV: Mostly in S. circulatory-. education into the physical workings of these substances. and is now scientifically-proven. the unique combination of these compounds. we need our ECS for mechanisms that help us to ‘relax.. anti-psychotic. will burst. sedative. strongly inhibits tumor growth in leukemia and breast cancer. known as endogenous cannabinoids. smell. bronchial dilator. and storage. makes ‘high’ come on faster but last less time. CBN: Primary product of THC degradation. and this is especially important for brain cancer patients. the ECS regulates our moods. Many of its protective and therapeutic effects may be attributed to the ability of these substances to move freely through the ‘brain/blood barrier’. Some important cannabinoid functions: THC: Mimics the body’s own ECS. blends together to present the exact flavor. Perhaps short-term memory isn’t such a bad thing after all. scientific evidence that will only fail to silence opponents to medical marijuana if they choose to entirely ignore the research. fights diabetes. forget. such as ethno-botany.lenrichmondfilms. drink. Most animals and other organisms also have cannabinoid receptors. anyone who has ever had an opinion about Cannabis must watch this film and truly become enlightened. smoke or vaporize it. sleep. you will obtain the peace of mind that comes with certainty: everything we’ve been saying for years about the benefits of Cannabis has been true. activists. ALL CANNABIS-BASED DRUGS HAD BEEN REMOVED FROM US PHARMACIES. THIS DOCUMENTARY WILL BE ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT FILMS YOU EVER WATCH. If nothing else. BY 1942.. Type II diabetes. including the nervous-. be assured that your education will still have been expanded through the watching of this astonishing film. the man who discovered THC in 1964. Whether you ingest. The endo-cannabinoid system. antiinflammatory. It is this action that takes place when certain cannabinoids pass into the brain. has protective. anti-epileptic. growers. After millions of years of evolution (beginning with the humble sea squirt) humans have developed a sophisticated system of receptors – one of the densest of its type in the human body – specifically designed to accept the exact chemical compounds produced by the Cannabis plant.Color . Writer and director Len Richmond has stunned viewers with a masterpiece documenting the bio-chemistry of Cannabis: What if Cannabis Cured Cancer answers questions that viewers perhaps never thought to ask. CBD: Non-psychoactive. reproductive. which protects the brain from infection and other harm. Anthropological conjecture exists over whether Cannabis consumption somehow stimulated early human language skills. Anti-metastatic (stops cancer’s ability to spread). preventative effect against malignant tumors. THC has also been medically-proven to slow the growth of breast. doubters. Even if you already knew much of the information covered in What if Cannabis Cured Cancer. Many people like to believe they truly ‘know everything there is to know about Cannabis’.DOCUMENTARY 7 What if Cannabis Cured Cancer? THIS MINDBLOWING FILM EXPLAINS HOW AND WHY WE GET HIGH FROM CANNABIS. malignant tumors and bacterial infections. Whether or not the above are true. ‘We need to have a way to One of the reasons that Cannabis does not physically addict is because of our ECS – our bodies recognize cannabinoids. is responsible for modulating energy intake. Apoptopic (hastens death of cancer cells). or endoSativa Diva cannabinoids. anxiolytic (anti-anxiety). Naysayers. nutrient transport and metabolism. plus a few others. Hard facts replace conjecture. Forget what? According to Dr.and lung cancer tumors. Written and directed by Len Richmond Narrated by Peter Coyote Edited by Massimo Mazzucco Running Time: 60 minutes . AND WHY WE SHOULD CONTINUE TO DO SO FOR THE SAKE OF THE HUMAN RACE. slows growth of lungand breast cancer. in other realms. Raphael Mechoulam. agrarian ones. CBC: Found in extremely low levels. their original intent was to receive the same compounds when produced by the human body. If you haven’t seen this film. Anti-angiogenic (prevents fresh blood supply to tumors). KURT CANNABIS (MALCOLM MCDOWELL) AND CONNIE CANCER (ROSEANNE BARR) LIGHTEN THE MOOD IN A SPECIAL COMEDY SHORT. but cannabinoids actually have a semi-protective effect on the body. scientists claim that hemp was the first intentionally cultivated plant. or we. doctors.DVD » www.Stereo . as well as virus-induced leukemia. virus-induced leukemia. effect and duration of each of your favorite strains.’ It is a known fact that the lack of pain memory is one of the more important evolutionary aspects of our bodies. presenting a quick. or ECS. anti-depressant. This means that our very most precious and essential systems are being aided in function and control by the ECS. forget and protect’. Cannabinoid impact on cancer: Seeking out cancer cells and preferentially killing them. African/Thai strains. Ever wondered why Cannabis gets you high? It’s no accident. Anti-proliferative (inhibits cell growth). fights LEN RICHMOND HAS STUNNED VIEWERS WITH A MASTERPIECE DOCUMENTING THE BIO-CHEMISTRY OF CANNABIS: WHAT IF CANNABIS CURED CANCER ANSWERS QUESTIONS THAT VIEWERS PERHAPS NEVER THOUGHT TO ASK ical Cannabis are explained empirically. shielding healthy cells and inciting the ‘suicide’ of cancer cells. causing a shift from hunter/gatherer societies to static. neuroprotector. However. . affects the impact of THC. may act as anti-depressant. encourages cancer cell death. providing physical. Due to the oily nature of the cannabinoids (the stuff that spreads all over your fingers when you handle buds) the compounds are easily able to slip between the two parts of the body. but research diverges here as the functions sometimes differ between species.or herbal) have in the human body.


. Paul is no stranger to controversy. His stance is informed by a long belief in the states’ ability to govern themselves. Steve Cohen (Tenn. However. vote. and perhaps a few more Congressional Representatives will stop and think for a moment longer when considering HR 2306. It is to be hoped that Congressmen Paul good chance of this bill getting at least a little floor time. and four further democrats: Reps. and de facto leader of the libertarian Tea Party movement. Ron Paul is known for his na issues. and that nations should begin reviewing current drug policy with a possible view to eventual legalization. despite not always agreeing on matters of policy. While previous proposed bills have sought to limit Federal control or legalize certain aspects of marijuana or hemp. continued prohibition of Cannabis should be acknowledged as pointless outspoken criticism of US monetary.). only to die again. Much has been made of the so-called ‘unlikely’ partnership between Ron Paul and Barney Frank. HR 2306. but also the level of his enthusiasm and commitment to the cause. and as a 2012 Presidential hopeful. it is a positive step in the continuing effort to raise awareness in political circles.). with its bi-partisan authorship. they have teamed up in the past to campaign for reductions in military spending. as was effectively the case prior to 1937. AS WAS EFFECTIVELY THE CASE PRIOR TO 1937 As a staunch supporter of small government. Mass. The expectation is that the excessive levels of criminality involved in the Cannabis industry will decrease with the more favorable legislation and regulations many states have already begun to implement. and it is true that on many issues their views are entirely unaligned. and was re-proposed in 2009. Dr. He has a proven record over the past few years on pro-marijua- BARNEY FRANK. Production. DEMOCRATIC RON PAUL. has attracted significant media attention. On June 23rd. When it comes to marijuana. John Conyers (Mich. HR 2306. Many more moderate Republicans seek to distance themselves from him. and thus Ron Paul has lent his name to an otherwise all-Democrat proposition. Frustration that people are being wrongly-deprived of medical marijuana due to outdated and restrictive laws is a sentiment strongly echoed in several of Paul’s previous statements. contrary to many of the more sensationalist reports appearing in By Kali Mist the initial days following the announcement. as well as to campaign in favor of online gambling within the US. all cynicism aside. it’s clear there is yet another subject upon which they agree – and have done for some time. the popular liberal. this bill could be deemed a well-timed move to guarantee media coverage and increased support from a wider demographic. With levels of public interest remaining high. It seeks to remove marijuana regulation from the jurisdiction of the Federal government and hand it back to the state. So. Federal raids on dispensaries would no longer occur as citizens invoking their right to cultivate. 2011 the bi-partisan bill.and foreign policies. Nevertheless. FOR THE 4TH DISTRICT OF MASSACHUSETTS and Frank continue their liaisons in the future and that Dr.) and Barbara Lee (Calif. Although the bill is sure to be opposed by many. Republican Congressman for Texas’s 14th District. Jared Polis (Colo. Barney Frank. there is a RON PAUL HAS LENT HIS NAME TO AN OTHERWISE ALL-DEMOCRAT PROPOSITION and damaging to society. sale and taxation of Cannabis would be wholly regulated by state authorities.. This bill was each time co-sponsored and supported by Ron Paul. showing not only the level to which this elder statesman is informed. FOR TEXAS’S 14TH DISTRICT ground in marijuana campaigning and a consistent pro-hemp voting record. and is unlikely to pass committee. all such publicity is good publicity for the Cannabis cause. this is the first that seeks to entirely remove Federal control (at least within state boundaries). it would be contradictory to his stance to condone Federal control over most everyday aspects of life.. and as such is a milestone in the saga of Cannabis politics. Democratic House Representative of the 4th District of Massachusetts– the second openly gay member of the House of Representatives – also has a strong backit was the first that sought to remove marijuana legislation from the Federal level – but limited to personal amounts.LEGISLATION 9 HR 2306: Ending Federal Marijuana Prohibition Act of 2011 A MAJOR SHIFT IN THE APPROACH TO US MARIJUANA LEGISLATION. but despite (or perhaps due to) his apparent eccentricity he enjoys a wide following. let alone the House. and in 2008 proposed the Personal Use HOUSE REP. it seems that the link between these two very different politicians is not so tenuous after all. Such bi-partisan arrangements – while not uncommon – are likely to attract more attention in the media. Presidential candidate. However.).’ Frank also authored the State’s Right to Medical Marijuana Act in 2001. . sell and smoke marijuana – where it is not prohibited by state law – would no longer be committing a Federal offense. The bill is being publicized using the decades-old but still effective argument: that prohibition of alcohol had negative effects so severe it was quickly deemed unworkable – and for the same reasons. a strong dislike of the ‘nanny state’ – and belief in self-determination and our inherent freedom to decide what to put into our bodies. BOTH RON PAUL AND BARNEY FRANK HAVE A STRONG BACKGROUND IN PROHEMP AND MARIJUANA CAMPAIGNING. his interest in pro-marijuana legislation apparently extends beyond the hypothetical: Paul has even promoted the cause of industrial hemp in the past. having signed the Industrial Hemp Farming Act of 2009 (HR1866 2009-H1866) to ‘grant each state regulating authority for the growing and processing of industrial hemp. was proposed to Congress by Ron Paul (R. Barney Frank (D. with trafficking offenses remaining under Federal jurisdiction. The bill’s authors do however stress that it is ‘not a legalization bill’. It comes at a very relevant time – just after the Global Commission on Drug Policy released statements to the effect that the War on Drugs has so far been a failure. Texas).. of Marijuana by Responsible Adults Act (HR 5843) which initially died in committee.). Paul would remain so emphatically in favor of pro-marijuana legislation – were his presidential campaign to prove successful. REPUBLICAN HOUSE REP. The legislation would limit Federal interference in marijuana law enforcement to cross-border or inter-state smuggling. and was in itself remarkable in that HR 2306 SEEKS TO REMOVE MARIJUANA REGULATION FROM THE JURISDICTION OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND HAND IT BACK TO THE STATE.

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There is little to do and less to care about. it is only a matter of time. Judge Marilyn Patel noted the ten-year mandatory minimum was excessive. If the big business and the banks aren’t brought to heel soon. She goes to many events and never tires of telling the world of our FIGHT FOR JUSTICE. Eddy advises to get the most out of Cannabis: “Go slow and enjoy the benefits.12 GREEN PRISONERS POLITICAL PRISONER AND ACTIVIST EDDY LEPP TALKS WITH SOFT SECRETS USA Eddy Lepp Speaks Eddy Lepp owned and operated Eddy’s Medicinal Gardens in Lake County. California cities. In a democracy. We were still planting as late as May or June.” To learn more about Eddy’s case and those of other Green Prisoners. as a rattlesnake with a broken back.” There are six-and-a-half more years remaining in Eddy’s sentence. Eddy explains. The guys I am in here with. and again forced Eddy to watch a loved one suffer.Green-Aid. and medical care charges more to private citizens than it does to insurance companies. the re-legalization movement seems to be making progress. my partner. follow your dreams. but artificial lighting is much more expensive than using natural sunlight. highlighting the problems related to using only traditional cancer treatments. She was special. he “made a promise to Jah (God) that in exchange for spiritual strength for his wife.’” Rev. Current prescription costs are beyond the financial grasp of many. Today.. visit » www. many of them are wonderful people and we would all be better off with many of them home with their families. It began with FDR and has resulted in the loss of our greatest asset: the great American farmer.” Sadly.” The Church made charitable donations to the local poor. Eddy inhabited the gray area between what states claim to be the rights of its citizens to seek non-pharmaceutical relief. According to Eddy. and sadly as a nation. In March they were still being planted. “I believe they have already lost the fight but. the will of the majority of the population should determine the direction of government. my strength. She was one of the kindest souls I have ever met and just about all who knew her will testify to that. Grubbycup Linda developed thyroid cancer. CA until his conviction and sentencing in 2008. and using natural and organic nutrients. which we proved (in spite of where I am) that we could do. THROUGH THE CHURCH THE COST WAS ABOUT A DOLLAR A GRAM.” Eddy eventually remarried. he would devote the rest of [his] life to helping people and telling them about the Sacred Plant.” country means they “are really no worse than the rest of Corporate America. and an appeal is in process. AIDS patients and other medical users seeking to grow their own medicinal Cannabis – and Rastafarian sacrament. A Rastafari minister. a belief that we could help ourselves and others without help or aid from the government. She was my ‘Little Bitty Pretty One. “Either you never met her or you loved her. She was a healer and was able to help many people. Linda passed away shortly before Eddy was arrested. and smoking marijuana helped. I am never closer to Jah as when I use the Sacred Herb. at some point the Federal government should accept the will of the citizens. Growing Cannabis “THE WAR ON DRUGS HAS FAILED!” 5 “ONE MORE WAY THAT HEMP PLASTIC COULD SAVE OUR LIVES” 17 “HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS” 20 . to a woman whom he says “is the love of my life.” When asked about his first wife Linda. after the loss of his first wife. Peace. Eddy’s congregation was comprised of cancer patients. and offered a way for people to obtain medical islation allowing some local use of marijuana rises. Arrested in California. Grubbycup awaiting appeal. I am most definitely a political prisoner. but did not mitigate his sentence. but in conflict with Federal law. discuss making provisions for large scale licensed indoor cultivation. 25 acres of land were held by the Church for use by the congregation. When she developed cancer.” Time goes slowly for imprisoned Eddy. the legalized extortion of money that the insurance and pharmaceutical companies are allowed to enjoy in this “We started in December with plants going into the ground. such as Oakland. especially the closer relationships you will have with the ‘most high’ as you understand it. The illness made eating difficult for his father. they are still striking out at everyone in their death throes. Through the Church the cost was about a dollar a gram. love and puka shells. I have kept my word as Jah did for me.” Cannabis has been illegal in California for less than 100 years. my friend. If you believe in something. write. Most dispensaries charge $15-$25 a gram for medical marijuana. Big business is killing this country. Even while Eddy is serving out his sentence for similar activities. There are eight million people without health insurance in California. “At his memorial his doctor told me I added several months to his life by having him smoke marijuana. Eddy is housed at Lompoc Federal Prison Camp in California. “From what I understand they are all indoors and that makes them cost prohibitive. Eddy contends that the religious use of Cannabis is nothing new: “It is the main ingredient in the holy anointing oil in the Bible. helping. versus the overseeing Federal government’s more restrictive stance. He became involved with helping people connect with safe access to medical Cannabis after his father was diagnosed with cancer. ‘Eddy’s Medicinal Gardens and MultiDenominational Chapel of Cannabis and Rastafari’ was a dream. I fear for our future as a world power.” Cannabis without paying black market prices or contributing to the cash flow of underworld smugglers. and pressure from citizens to restore that freedom to the citizenry is mounting. His garden was operated in compliance with California State law. As the number of states where democratically-passed leg- MOST DISPENSARIES CHARGE $15-$25 A GRAM FOR MEDICAL MARIJUANA.” The Church was “loved and wellreceived. indoors allows for increased security and seasonal flexibility. “Life in prison is very boring. I [play] Bocci.” Irrigated by a drip system with overhead misters. “I broke no laws in the state of California. If you try and work hard enough they will all come TRUE.

address and social security number. etc. So much for free choice. despite all the advice to the contrary. probably involving money. Importers and non-licensed growers would still be prosecuted.AMSTERRANT 13 Dutch Weed Pass: THANK YOU. private companies now deal with a large part of the busts. Unfortunately you can only get one of these if you’re a legal. A Monsieur Valiant. In order to get a pass you have to register your name. an ex-cabinet minister. has been wrestling with the ‘Cannabis problem’ since they first got together in their grubby little pact. PLEASE DON’T COME AGAIN Well. Yes. The public know this. This government. has put forth a proposal to bring Cannabis under the same law that governs tobacco. because the card is not valid anywhere else. bringing in enough revenue to kick-start the economy. This could be a law within six months. but we Cannabis use poses no threat whatsoever to society. They even know when you buy and how much because payment must be done with a bank card – no more cash. Weed may be ‘legal’ in the do. then fight about it with the European Parliament later. also. After that. champagne corks are already popping. are suddenly looking at it in a favorable light. Amsterdam is a clean.and personal details. This is a mistake of Himalayan proportions and experts have told them so. along with all the weirdos who smoke it. tax paying resident. When the Minister of Justice was asked about the increase in street dealing that would follow such a move. it is the police who serve the warrant and make the arrest. As a result of all the busts. visited by millions of people and (according to the statistics) a quarter of them will safely visit a coffeeshop. Sure.. but the government will not listen. RESIDENT TAX-PAYERS WILL BE ELIGIBLE FOR THE DUTCH GEDOOGKABINET (TOLERANCE CABINET) THE NEW CARD – EFFECTIVELY PRIVATE MEMBERSHIP. if you’re lucky you might find something good and buy the maximum allowance – three whole grams! ONLY LEGAL. friendly city. Today. It is believed the government All this is happening in a time when the French. why can’t Holland? So. an unelected coalition of tight-assed racists and poker-faced deniers. whether it’s good or bad. if France can come up with something positive. with a few changes. The city of Amsterdam is against the plan and a number of other cities in Holland have also expressed doubts. This is sending us back to the ‘80s. (PHOTO: MARCEL VAN HOORN) them to visitors is not only stupid. SHOULD YOU VISIT AMSTERDAM AND WANT TO BUY SOME WEED. Quality will go down and there is the added opportunity to get involved in a violent street crime. a tradition as Dutch as tulips and cheese. There have been rumors of a rather cynical plan that would explain the continuing onslaught on the growers. When medical marijuana became big news in the States. who until now have been the bad guys with their relentless persecution of the Cannabis user. but the government in The Hague is not listening. they would prefer a more liberal approach. This is the same justice department that carries out more telephone taps than any other country in the world. then you’re out of luck… unless you have a ‘wietby O’Riodon pas’ (weed pass). This is a moment for some clear-headed thinking and an admission that recreational wants to push the price to over thirty dollars a gram and then tax it. off limits to you and all other visitors to Holland. negatively impact a job application or a custody hearing. when we had lots of bad drugs and violence on the streets. Now. ‘the police will deal with it. as I write this. The new weed pass will fit very well into their plan. Fortunately there are number of groups challenging the law on the grounds of discrimination (which is against a current EEC law).’ They’ve just cut the police force. his reply was simply. they will just have to buy off the street. Then the highly-taxed product would be sold in local tobacconists. but then private enterprise takes over. so why don’t politicians get it? It makes me wonder if there isn’t some ulterior motive. prices have been rising steadily. but discriminatory and a denial of people’s rights. you’ll have buy from your nearest coffeeshop. Whereas the US system is run by medical practitioners. or. This is dangerous territory and infringes upon our human rights. They have decided they don’t want your dollars any more and the next time you visit Europe they’d prefer if you went elsewhere to smoke your dope. because they will have everybody’s bank. but the Minister of Justice is just pig-headed enough to try and push it through. He suggests the government should set aside a hundred thousand acres and start major cultivation. the pass is only valid in the coffeeshop nearest to where you live. and tourists were ripped off all the time. In a brain-churning stroke of ostrich politics. ours will be run by the justice department and they will want everybody’s name and number. . they realized it was an opportunity to do the same in Holland. folks. but a hundred mature plants can get you a 10K fine and the chance of a life-changing experience. They wished Cannabis didn’t exist. tourists will potentially only be able to access the passes from their hotel reception or doormen. the move will expand an already huge black market. but it doesn’t stop there. What if this information falls into the wrong hands? It could have far-reaching effects: denial of auto insurance. but not so harshly. To close THIS TINY CARD COULD INCITE A HUGE UPROAR. after all the ID checks. In their war on the growers. the Dutch government is busy banging another nail into the coffin of Cannabis tourism. Meanwhile in the criminal world. they want to turn our coffeeshops into private clubs. you have finally been issued with a weed pass and you need a smoke. Well. THEN YOU’RE OUT OF LUCK… UNLESS YOU HAVE A ‘WIETPAS’ (WEED PASS) coffeeshops. should you come to visit the fair city of Amsterdam and want to buy some weed.

Its sort of ‘upper-middle class’. but not totally. right to the last detail. especially those who are not in the position of being able to browse real-life shops for their growing needs. His first line of argument was that he had to deal with possible complaints. So you can see that they take over good ideas. But at some point we got a couple of complaints very close to each other from their customers. He had been selling our seeds for a while. Prada and branded cigarettes that are being faked and pirated. It’s a widespread thing. are among the worst hit by this scurrilous activity. cyber-squatters and pirates. which websites are not to be trusted? I have seen such sites. although I can’t remember where I saw them. If they’re lucky they get bogus seeds. Are there independent websites where growers can discuss among themselves which seeds or sellers are legit. lots of times you will find what you get is not what you anticipated. selling the seeds as if they are real. you’re obviously selling seeds as if they were Serious’ – and he didn’t even bother to deny it. whose award-winning household names. basically. And with virtually no chance of them being caught. We guarantee this. so we go very far with our customer service. sometimes not selling anything at all. Lots of people are trying to parasitize on the popularity of certain names. SSUSA spoke to Simon. I also get emails regularly from people ‘I bought these AK seeds from this shop – are they real?’ Sometimes they are and sometimes they’re not. it may sound like a trivial thing. it seems. takes the whole back cover of the High Times for an advertisement. The idea usually is just to sell them and wash your hands [of it]. you’re making money while giving us a bad name. and now he was selling his own seeds as if they were Serious. Simon: Yes. fielding complaints. It is a lot of hassle to do it: checking numbers. and I’m not here to advise other companies. He’s been operating for a couple of years. it’s not just Chanel. We are also the only company that guarantees our seeds – to protect the customer. According to him he wasn’t doing anything wrong. Very little. We want them to have a good experience with our seeds. and from the type of the complaint it was clear that these were not Serious Seeds they were getting. when you had Skunk and Northern Lights already and in Amsterdam there were shops with seeds with those names way cheaper than the original. So the fact that nobody does it is already pointing in that direction. It has happened already that companies copy the packaging too. It’s very widespread. and it filters back to me. the Cannabis seed business is a victim of the ease with which ideas can be ripped off and copied. So I called the shop. There are also Black Lists too. talked to the owner. They build pirate websites. but I don’t think it is. They can make lawsuits and all the rest. So would you like to see or would you advise other companies to be as careful as Serious in documenting and labeling their varieties? Copying what you’re doing? You can see that the main interest of establishing companies is still making money. If you’re buying seeds off the Internet by name. but I don’t visit forums a lot so can’t say where for sure. Serious Seeds has a shop list of legitimate shops on its website which sell the real thing. Today. The packaging was sort of mine. but in our business we are far more limited. How much are pirates typically making on ripped off seeds? How much cheaper are generic seeds compared to branded AK-47 seeds from you? AK-47 is not the most expensive seed but it is certainly not a cheap one either. it’s written about in forums and so on. So 80 Euros (ca. ‘No. This is only because of this problem. yep. especially when you are operating internationally. especially the Spanish companies. The names and intellectual property of well-known quality weed strains are being increasingly ripped off too – but without the protection in law granted to legitimate businesses. I’ll give you an example of one case – Ontario Seed Bank. and only if they’re really lucky do they get the real thing. said ‘hey man. Growers are basically victims. $115) for 11 seeds. The ‘Net. They pay for all those people who parasitize on them. I’m getting complaints here and they’re not getting Serious Seeds from you. and blah blah blah. So pirates have been there from the start – because it’s lucrative.14 INTERVIEW Pirates of the High Seeds The Internet has been a huge boon for growers around the world. is a haven for fly-by-night merchants. and we keep a database of that. Soft Secrets: You were talking about ripping off the names of weed strains. old-school seed breeder extraordinaire and owner of Serious Seeds. The days of popping over to Amsterdam or asking a friend to send or bring some back are over. they come to buy our WHITE RUSSIAN IS ONE OF THE MANY LEGENDARY STRAINS CREATED BY SERIOUS SEEDS . let’s say. they can call and check ‘is this a good one or not?’ It’s all to protect the end customer. But as with the rest of the ‘Net. We have a list of legit sites. People can ask whether shops not on the list are real or not. He used to buy Serious Seeds from us. People ‘buy’ something by credit card and never get anything. but not the full labeling. Basically: ‘What do you care? If they have complaints I have to face them. Nobody else is doing it. I don’t know exactly how other companies deal with complaints. If they buy seeds and they have a bad experience – even if they fucked up themselves – we give them new seeds. I was a grower back then. When did you first become aware of this problem with piracy? Before I had started my own business. OSB – a shop from Canada. Serious Seeds is the only company as far as I know who individually number each seed package. I started to sell the seed tubes and now almost everybody is doing it.’ I said. And that is interesting enough for pirates to want to copy. such as Bubblegum and AK-47. and we By Jules Marshall operate in a world that is not really protected like regular companies are. But we have done it since Day One. People know that.

AK-74. Kaya 47. goes to the shop and asks for AK-47. but you have to pay a lot of money for such protection. and are registered in Canada. and someone else started a site called paradiseseeds. There Armageddon 47 and Jack 47. they’re all bought from a big producer – and guess what? They started selling seeds which are originally Serious names: Bubblegum. not really living up to the original. So what should growers do to safeguard their choice of seeds? Another thing you see is… Paradise Seeds contacted me – no I contacted them. selling them under their own name. then it’s OK by me. they don’t know enough about erate action against Serious Seeds. GROWERS ARE BASICALLY VICTIMS. it’s back to the old Caveat Emptor – buyer beware. So a customer has to not just look at the name but also look at the company who is producing it. where you treat the marihuana industry like any other branch of the agricultural industry. and at some point Wow. but in European courts they have a hard time not to burst out laughing. that he shouldn’t be confused with names that are the same or similar and he’s not getting what he wanted. there’s a lot to say about this subject. a couple of years ago. Or so I hope. this is seldom copied. let alone internationally. don’t just go by the name. My names are protected in Benelux. Nirvana started selling AK-47 until I spotted this at a Cannabis Cup a few years ago and said ‘What the AK-47 IS PROBABLY THE MOST COPIED NAME IN THE BUSINESS fuck is this? You’re using my name. Especially when all you can have printed is the name and flowering time. because they pay the price. There are seeds called OK-57. They look very similar but are not. maybe find out what was going on through your personal networks and had a bit more control. look at the website of the company to see if it is a legit shop. Yes. right next to my entry is an AK-48. If those two are matched. White Label seeds and others but there are still a lot of companies selling AK-47 at some point. All we can do is try to protect our interests and name as best we can. ultimately. Heineken was there or a cigarette company? I tell you what the difference is: we’re dealing with a very relaxed. All copies of the original AK-47. which is fine. AK-47 is probably the most copied name in the business. Before they buy their seeds. not your copies. That’s how weird it can get. variations on names is common throughout the industry. But when you see them all printed together it looks like they are all in the same league. because they think it’s funny. and since it was not a delibAs a variant. So there you have it. you could put out inquires. Sensi Seeds and so on. They all seem like equals in the booklet but I see them as copies and in my opinion. and it’s not permitted to mention all the awards the strain has won. and they did: to AK-48! The best thing is to check which company has made the seeds. You have to stop immediately. To take part under those conditions is just degrading to the original and to my company. but it is also good for the end customer. I mean. They’re even harder to track down. and is still doing it. They sell seeds of course. Olé 47. they are not in the business and know no better. you don’t want to moan about it all the time. Several coffeeshops in Amsterdam are starting to sell seeds under their own name. seeds. Like I said. but with the Internet it’s almost impossible. . AK-47 as if it’s completely normal. and you also find out what the packaging looks like. The coffeeshops that are buying them. Like that it is clear that they were derived from AK-47. this issue. they agreed to stop using my names. but there is no danger of confusion with the original. theirs are legal and ours is not. they just start selling seeds with somebody else’s name. After my intervention they changed the name to something referring to or close to AK-47. then the chances of success are greater. Their website is called paradiseseeds. Unlike the name of the seeds. There have been cases and law suits about names already. with complete documentation from seed to consumer. Oké 47. But what is the difference to this and if Mr. Nirvana promised they’d change the name. That is my main concern. I went along with the name changes by Nirvana. Now it is all about big companies in Spain growing massive amounts of seeds and selling to everyone.’ He thought it was perfectly fine to do that. I found out a couple of months ago that nowadays… this business started with small seed companies. What you also see is people start a website and start selling seeds. that’s one way.’ Finally they understood my point. Also. I guess one answer is to do something like they’re starting to set up in America. nl. They are offered seeds under these names and they buy them and sell them. so they don’t appreciate the problem. he’s doing it with other companies too. a Jack 47. and the rogue site is attracting attention away from the original site. and after three months shut the whole business down and start a new thing. Chronic – popular names. But it’s very hard to find out who’s behind it. It’s happening in Holland. THEY PAY FOR ALL THOSE PEOPLE WHO PARASITIZE ON THEM. But my concern is that the customer. Luckily I found out right away. so I think we have a responsibility to warn them. You have to look at all these things to boost your chance of success. From customers I know. So you have to be on the lookout even here in Amsterdam. If something just reminds you of AK-47. It means when I pay for an ad in a booklet or guide or whatever. to name only a few. So now there are coffeeshops or grow shops and bars or whatever. So just pinching your names and sticking them on their own seeds? Yep. while they are selling really dangerous drugs – except. It’s all about money. A company in Amsterdam – Spliff – just started selling Bubblegum.15 decides: that’s what I want. I guess when the seeds business was mostly confined to Amsterdam or Holland. to make them realize that this is going on. when he smokes alone or with friends some AK-47. nonpoisonous product. That is also difficult: people who did not lift a finger to make seeds themselves – they have no clue how much time it takes.


synthetic plastics became the standard. walk on them. but the impetus needs to increase still further before we see universal uptake of sustainable technologies. is a synthetic ‘para-aramid’ polyamide fiber developed and patented by DuPont in 1965. we must find sustainable and environmentally acceptable alternatives soon. The more publicity that we can bring to these innovative hemp researchers. drive in them. and further research was undertaken immediately. the propensity for ‘aromatic stacking interactions’ gives the fiber incredible strength and consistency: this UNPROCESSED STATE (©CJP24) A DIAGRAM OF THE MOLECULAR STRUCTURE OF KEVLAR. KEVLAR HAS MANY USES – AS SEEN HERE WITH THESE FIRE-STICK WICKS. The new fiber had astonishing potential as a substitute for steel and more. and with every new piece of research a new incentive emerges for others to join in the movement. fly in them. as the multinationals have been demonstrating for years. trees and soil. we even use them as armor. MAKING IT IDEAL FOR USES SUCH AS THIS SAILCLOTH. trees and soil. Without a return to a vastly simpler existence. Plastics formed in this way can be thermoplastic (i. The most significant developments have arguably been in the field of composite plastics. (© HENRY HEATLY) DUE TO ITS FIRE-PROOF NATURE. severe impacts and exposure to extremely corrosive or harmful chemicals. These fibers. There’s no escaping them in modern life – we wear them. is the tendency for said polymer rings to respond to molecular forces during processing and grow in an even. But there is only so much the planet can stand – and with plastic waste choking the oceans. more and more sectors of industry will become aware of the advantages of hemp plastic. meaning that it is an excellent insulator and can be used in fire-proof clothing. the ‘bast’ fibers of the hemp plant) is mixed with a resin. advances in hemp plastic have meant that a wide selection of products is now available. Some of them are capable of withstanding intense and proKevlar. which cause them to form ring-like structures. supplies inconsistent and public awareness minimal. and dangerous to work with in an industrial setting. and research into further potential uses is picking up pace in many countries of the world. the monomers 1. Due to their versatile nature. Furthermore. upon repeated heating. A further disadvantage is its low resistance to sunlight and tendency to degrade under UV light. Even the biggest global businesses are beginning to recognize the potential for bio-plastics. not all possibilities are being as explored as they should. the more we at SSUSA feel we are doing something to assist their efforts. The latter type of plastics is formed at high temperatures. or organic plant-based resins to form a wholly ‘natural’ plastic. and it is much easier to slap a patent on a synthetic product than one based on plants growing abundantly in nature. para-aramids have the best strength-to-weight ratio of them all. but if reheated retain their characteristics and cannot be remolded. eco-friendly ethics are becoming the safest choice for companies wishing to maintain their profit margins. light material (to be used as a substitute for steel in racing tires) that researchers found that in a solution of concentrated sulfuric acid. they can be molded and remolded into shapes that will be retained when cooled) or thermosetting. we must find sustainable and environmentally acceptable alternatives soon. cylindrical shape – somewhat like a stack of coins. in the form of Kevlar and other similar technologies. SHOWING THE INTERLINKED POLYMER RINGS (© BEN MILLS EPHEMERONIUM) “With plastic waste choking the oceans. prices remain high. that does not break in the way that nylon and other synthetic fibers do – due to strong. One More Way That Hemp Plastic Could Save Our Lives THE KEVLAR FIBER IN ITS However. there is a huge amount of money to be made in plastics. this produces a fiber. With time.e. In the USA. Kevlar is generally expensive to produce due to the fact that concentrated sulfuric acid is costly. when not sourced from organic materials (such as hemp or flax). yarns and fibers. around five times stronger than steel. acrylic and carbon fiber are common examples. Kevlar is also very stable in extremes of temperature – especially sub-zero levels – and has very low thermal conductivity. where a reinforcing fiber (in this case. but more importantly. all of which show remarkable resistance to tearing and cutting as well as to fire and heavy impacts. These have a number of uses extending beyond the original use in car tires. such as unsaturated polyester. it was while attempting to develop a strong. The resulting ultra-thin. so while it is possible to import hemp longed heat.and vehicle armor to cover ropes. brake linings and sporting equipment. mean- KEVLAR HAS A VERY HIGH TENSILE STRENGTH-TO-WEIGHT RATIO. There are now several grades of Kevlar on offer in the form of various papers. and are the best-known current application of body. Their characteristics depend on the resin used. Even though the very first plastics were of organic origin. which was revolutionary in the world of polymer research at that time. there’s no way we can get rid of them any time soon. or layered with resin and thermoset to form composite plastics. as well as heat-containing linings for aircraft. Aramids are the class of highstrength. due to a combination of inter-related factors – domestic hemp production remains illegal. (© PHIDAUEX) .HEMPTECH 17 by Kali Mist Bullet-proof: Plastics are everywhere. highly heat-resistant synthetic polymers mostly developed for military and aerospace applications. ultra-strong Kevlar fiber can be woven to produce textiles. the fiber used to provide strength and durability. However. or poly(p-phenyleneterephtalamide). weblike inter-molecular bonds between the polymer chains. and with consumer awareness at an all-time high. and rapidly became seen as indispensable. When spun. materials and products. are usually created in the laboratory in the form of synthetic polymers – nylon. But the small number of innovative organizations out there that are investing heavily into hemp research is slowly growing.” Over the last decade or so. cables.4-phenylene-diamine and terephthaloyl chloride take on a polymerized liquid crystal form.

the raw hemp fibers can also be treated in various ways to alter the characteristics of the finished fiber. sports equipment. as well as manufacture of weaponry and defensive items. a reasonable level of protection against handguns for an urban or police application. very good strength-to-weight ratio. The fire-resistant nature of many hemp fibers and fiber composites also makes them particularly strong potential candidates for substitution of Kevlar when used for manufacture of protective clothing for firemen – and other fire-proof items such as fireeaters sticks. This discreet item has a fairly low protection rating due to the thin layer of polymer textile over the standard shell of the jacket. STRENGTH-TO-WEIGHT RATIO AND IS AN IDEAL SUBSTITUTE FOR KEVLAR IN MANY APPLICATIONS. and silk farming in general is often less than eco-friendly. Therefore. IF NOT BETTER. such as those made from Kevlar. and is also being trialled in modern Thailand as a low-cost alternative to standard bulletproof clothing for police. (© JI-ELLE) used in US research into Kevlar alternatives. prices remain high. Chrysler and Mercedes are all using hemp plastic as we speak. is useful in extremes of temperature. as a more benign alternative to asbestos. discreet items of clothing that are not apparently armored that demonstrates remarkable tensile strength. The fiber can also be used as a basis for composite plastics.22 and a . which increases its softness and suppleness. Costs of such discreet bullet-proof clothing. than current industry standard materials – and not just Kevlar but also glass. The question now is. and high durability (as well as an almost silk-like texture when woven into textiles). Given the rabid hostility demonstrated by DuPont towards the innocent hemp plant since the 1930s. At least one treated hempfiber product is already available. It would be most fitting if a hemp-based plastic could knock DuPont’s product off the top spot. Lower-cost alternatives for Kevlar are constantly being sought. it’s only right that we actually give them a reason for hating. and hemp fiber technology still has a little catching up to do. “While it is possible to import hemp materials and products. and it would be expected that costs will continue to fall as the industry continues to pick up pace. the more necessary it seems to make them the norm – and fast! While most lovers of Cannabis have no desire to see the plant used for military or law-enforcement purposes. But it seems that everything Kevlar can do. these spiders are rare. It is produced by washing the hemp fiber in a ‘patented enzymatic bath’. Since their discovery in the 19th century. seeking alternatives to these current standards is imperative. ironically. Car companies such as Honda. fast-growing and (usually) cheap. even those based upon traditional plastics. The fact that the industry is worth so much money is in itself significant in that there is almost unlimited funding available from the top multinationals for research and development. There are countless different applications. so is obviously more suitable for an urban setting than for high-risk police work or warfare. Interestingly. Hemp composites have been shown to be equally strong. so as a sustainable option it is clearly favorable. supplies inconsistent and public awareness minimal. Hemp Hoodlamb. Hempreinforced plastics can have an impact but are capable of protecting against otherwise highly dangerous impacts. are mostly non-biodegradable. who will be the next industry giant to take up the challenge of making hemp economically viable? Certain stalwarts of the plastics industry would do well to pay attention to the growing hype around hemp. the silk vests tested so far have reached up to level III-A. the fiber demonstrates many of the necessary characteristics. in brake pads. it is competitive. HEMP FIBER HAS A COMPARABLE. While clothing based upon hemp is still expensive.357 Magnum. However. in innumerable . as well as comparing to or out-performing silk in many aspects. a . fashion and jewelery. The silk of a particular Black Widow spider is even being fired from a Glock 9mm. more relaxed laws and a much cheaper and more consistent supply) hemp plastic and fiber products are increasingly known and used. and in this manner can be used to make lightweight. hazardous and often costly production processes. Hemp is abundant. Many of these everyday plastics have a truly terrible environmental track record – they require lengthy. the potential for hemp in such a massive sector of industry simply cannot be ignored. However. and are likely channeling further capital into R & D. silk itself was used in some of the earliest bullet-proof vests. Kevlar is used here. Naturally Advanced Technologies. who offer a level II-A bulletproof men’s jacket. can easily run into the hundreds or thousands of dollars. and in many cases stronger. In at least one of its uses. as it appears to be even stronger and lighter. as well as body armor and even powerboat hulls. These textiles are used in a wide variety of protective or industrial clothing due to their fire and chemical-resistant properties. is not actively researching bullet-proof clothing themselves. tested with shots different areas of industry: construction.18 HEMP HOODLAMB’S BULLET-PROOF MEN’S JACKET (© GABE MCINTYRE) ing that additional protective measures are often needed. and maybe better. hemp plastics offer a cheaper and more sustainable option. vehicles. which produces a toxic dust. and the closer we look at natural composites. The Kevlar fiber can also be woven into textiles. such products are neither well-known nor widely-available. and it is clear there is much still to be done before hemp products replace Kevlar and other environmentally-damaging plastics. However. These jackets still represent a significant advance in hemp fiber research – and demonstrate major potential for the future. Although the company behind Crailar. In the automobile industry in general (but especially in Europe where there is a long tradition of hemp cultivation. hemp can do just as well. much research has gone into the field of thermosetting composites. and are filling up landfills and the ocean everywhere one looks with harmful detritus that will never decompose. replacing Kevlar with hemp composite plastic would reduce the cost by a factor of around fifteen. The Amsterdam company HempWorks has an in-house clothing label.” resistance and tensile strength ten times that of steel. packaging. Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology are even investigating the potential to create electricity-generating clothing by interweaving zinc oxide nanowires between the Kevlar fibers. such as those from projectiles. While remarkably strong in itself. Crailar. and due to the thermo-regulating properties of hemp. often ‘disposable’. and thus are useful in manufacture of lightweight materials that can be used as automobile paneling (also for armored vehicles).and carbonreinforced composites (which are currently used in pretty much everything you or I own).



“Our seeds are stored at room temperature for preservation. they don’t have to maintain a library. it appears to be the favorite. But you realize when growing with feminized that they don’t help you to develop your skills. LATER. It seems to be the most reliable. So what makes a seed company decide to take the leap into the feminized realm? For the DHSC. they grow them out and each grower will give us feedback. providing everything that’s good for it: all of the best nutrients we can. Five to six days afterward (depending on the strain and the quickness of flower) we spray it again with about three-and-a-half to four liters of distilled water mixed with STS formula.21 In issue #3 of SSUSA. as a basic grow setup) with light leaks. organic composts to allow it to naturally grow. if you want to do refrigerated storage that’s your decision. “We also know from experience that it’s better to store them at room temperature in a cool. In computer terms: garbage in. and the new female plants that have just started their pre-flower accept that pollen and. so I know why people who are just starting need feminized seeds: lack of space. we give them a 15-minute break period. Some argue that they’re the best thing to happen to both small growers and those with huge plots of land to cover. HEALTHY. we use what works. VIABLE SEEDS. we keep them at room temperature and when you get them it’s up to you to wake up the seeds. Also. WELL-GROWN PLANTS WILL PRODUCE STRONG. that we won’t cause hermaphrodites. it was the seemingly overnight demand for and rampant popularity of these ‘all-female’ seeds. and we take them into the room and introduce them to the hermaphrodite/sprayed plants. For this reason the DHSC attempts to produce their seeds carefully and in good conditions. This will also affect the quality of seeds. out of all the thousands of seeds. and from talking to many people who make feminized seeds. They were generous enough to share their company secrets and explain how they got started. the DHSC found that. When the release of pollen occurs. We provide them to certain growers to test. dry. So we hope from that. On that three-week period. And even when we do test we still don’t know. CAREFUL SELECTION OF TRULY FEMALE CLONES WILL HELP TO GUARANTEE SUCCESS IN THE SEED-MAKING PROCESS. that’s your choice as a customer. rather than the same. and to recreate something new every three months. we allow the hormones to trigger. and we take them from a vegetative state into the flowering cycle. then we spray them again – typically over six plants.” The process “We select between four and six plants. we give them all the stresses to cause an onset of hermaphroditism. and then we begin to see the onset of hermaphrodites starting to occur. it just allows you to grow something once. which is fucking hard. THE PRE-FLOWERING FEMALES ARE IMPREGNATED. Then. because we want to provide good seeds. we’ll use about four liters of distilled water (with STS formula mixed in). the benefit is not having to keep a collection of mothers and clones – and constant storage. was not the only eleven liter pots. in another two weeks – so that would be five weeks of the hermaphrodite plants flowering – they release pollen. Giving it everything we can. lights. and it’s all about timing. For us. we introduced you to the Devil’s Harvest Seed Company. as seed producers. When we trigger them under 12 hours of light. we believe that if you want to store your seeds in the refrigerator for long-term. that’s how we do it. thus. Fifteen minute break. “We remove the STS-sprayed plants after seven weeks of flowering. the STS method seems to be the most successful one in the industry. the best medium. why they do it and how their genetics are received Sativa Diva around the world. but we provide it with some guanos and some of these basic. When you put them in storage for long periods you can put them in the fridge. So how do the DHSC combat hermaphroditism? “By selection of good clones that originally have been around here so long – long before feminized seeds – and they were grown from original genetics. and we grow typically between 12 and 20 plants in six. which will repress certain traits. it works. It’s kept refrigerated. “The third reason: just because it was a new thing that everyone thought would “Then. That. we don’t want to have leaks and we don’t trust taps and stoppers and all that. When they’re sprayed. but we don’t do that because if we refrigerate them and there’s a power outage. One half of the company explains: solve all their problems. to see if any will turn. “I started with feminized in my early days of growing. “We’re using an organic mix. however. We use 600w HPS “One 600w HPS is used over each meter. once we spray. and we’ll use up to six liters of a mixed STS formula. Basically. solid shell on your seed. We don’t do it for flavor. Until they come up with a new invention we won’t use anything else. make feminized seeds. new flavors every few months.” Genetics are not the only concern: the quality of a person’s grow room helps to insure either success or failure. and they test them for us straight away. So. “We’re not saying it’s 100% until we test. depending on what we’re doing and how big the plants are. with our feminized technique. relatively new faces on the Amsterdam seed scene. with spraying them and leaving them out exposed to 24 hours of light while they should be in flower. “As soon as we make seeds. it’s more about safety than anything. Outdoor growers get the benefit of maximized space.” While checking out a variety of feminization techniques. we spray them a third time with a very heavy dosage. five milliliters to every one liter of distilled water. to give you a harder. but it isn’t recommended for us to do it because of the large volume we have.” The testing process is mandatory for any seed producer wishing to survive in this industry. the plants have fully-induced into flower. then they’ve got traits in there that we don’t like to find. but it works. if any one of them will produce a hermaphrodite. we stress them (in one room. a soil and worm casting mix with good nutrients. Because copper is a required micronutrient. too. If any do. We don’t use RO water because we don’t stay in these places too long. Hermaphrodites Mixed-gender plants can ruin entire grow rooms.” STS is a compound often found in photography labs. for three to five years if in an air-tight container. MAKING FEMINIZED SEEDS. the silver in which ‘locks out’ the copper in plants. and we allow the female plants to finish their flowering period with plenty of breathing room. so we know 100% that they aren’t selected clones from a feminized plant (these are real mother plants with no [hermaphrodite] traits existent in them already). for indoor growers. and the onset of flowering will begin. such as gender expression. and then we spray them again with the same dosage. we dry them out and we grow them in the pre-flower. seven days from that point. “From that point we take female clones that have already been pre-vegged. . “through trial and error. Why feminized? Feminized strains are a hot topic of debate in the Cannabis industry. we spray them while they’re in their dark period with a heavy dose of STS formula. We use grow tents. In this issue. WHEN POLLEN IS RELEASED. others fear that they may be creating ‘zombie weed’ due to their unnatural origin. dark place. So we’re trying to provide the market with what the demand is. boring flavor for the next 12 months. depending on the efforts of the grower. It’s complicated. The water in Amsterdam is really good anyway – I think if you look up tap waters around the world. the DHSC explain how they utilize the STS method (Silver Thiosulfate) to produce feminized Cannabis genetics. Basically. simple as that. “Some of the genetics that we have aren’t suited to be feminized because they PRE-VEGGED FEMALE CLONES ARE INTRODUCED TO THE HERMAPHRODITE/SPRAYED PLANTS. garbage out. It just isn’t 100% safe for us. inhibiting it causes ‘ethylene signaling’. It’s about giving you really good seeds that will last long-term in storage. we lose our entire batch of seeds. We treat it as though we were flowering the weed. And on that. Amsterdam is known for having a really good source of tap water. LEDs just don’t work: this is seed production. HERMIES ARE REMOVED TO ALLOW THE FEMALES SPACE TO FINISH FLOWERING.

what does the future hold for DHSC? “A million dollars [big stoner laugh. However. we still provide as well as we possibly can. this is where it started and this is where it ends. I think it’s too dangerous to give to people because we have sprayed it with silver. or. it’s not and it’s in fact frowned upon – very hard for us to do. “The DHSC is going fully-feminized this year. “It won’t. We are looking into older generations.” Although they’re a relatively new company. but we’re also going to make crosses of it to preserve the genetic. This is the guys standing next to the rocket launchers all day. You have to remember that these are serious chemicals – you must be a licensed company to buy these chemicals. They do more groundwork. “At the moment. more so than the European market.. however be in the seeds any more. The North Americans are still into the old way of weed goes in the world.” for us to do it here. We’re also trying to get genetics from over there and bring them to people over here. THEY GROW THEM OUT AND EACH GROWER WILL GIVE US FEEDBACK. In the future we aim to make [our seeds] available to North Americans as much as they’re making their strains available to us. “It is definitely not good for our health..” ONE WOULD AVOID HAVING IN ONE’S GROW ROOM. We hope that the hermaphrodites are a very minimal problem.” Health concerns Hermaphrodites are one issue. So. as well as potentially contaminating your growing/flowering space. they were coming up with all these sicknesses. so we’re trying to bring every available clone that is popular in Amsterdam. and they’re keeping the genetics alive much more than we are over here. and we are here. No matter where So.thedevilsharvestseeds. We have our genetics that North Americans crave for over there. They are really good lookingseeds. If we had a legal way of doing it. “At the moment.” . interesting varieties in regular. But it’s the production process that’s a dangerous step – there are dangers that just aren’t good for your health. he tells me to just print ‘$$$$$$$$’] Retirement! To keep developing and looking for new strains and to outsource strains in different countries. so the Army have records of people breathing this stuff in (the silver thiosulfate).and feminized versions is no accident. and release it with the feminized label. And again. Part of the key to their success is keeping an eye on the international market and understanding the differing needs of growers around the world. even though we’re restricted with our resources here in Amsterdam.” When choosing strains for feminization. but I think it all comes back to Amsterdam. “We need to go backwards to go forwards. It’s not for amateurs and it’s definitely not to be left around for kids to play with. and we’re trying to bring it to them. because that stuff. It’s not legal THE NORTH AMERICANS ARE STILL INTO THE OLD WAY OF DOING IT. Otherwise. but that doesn’t mean that everyone in the industry is being so careful. The ingestion of silver through smoking. plus a full coverall suit. but other people doing four weeks of drying. is something with a really good flavor. but they’re not feminized. it’s the only way we can bring it to seed. SUCH AS THIS SUPER SILVER HAZE. But we love doing what we do and that’s why we keep doing it. when the troops inhale it. the exposure doesn’t end there. number one is the flavor. They can do things there that we can’t over here. the seeds should be safe. and goggles.” Currently. Typically. The silver that’s exposed. I don’t think it’s good for anyone. but due to legal reasons we cannot directly sell there at present. the health concerns asso- way.” Photos by DHSC » www. But we’re also working on making S1 seeds with it. The more of a challenge it becomes. The DHSC warns: “It’s definitely dangerous to your own health. and when you breathe it in. What happens to the sprayed buds? Don’t many people secretly sell them off or smoke them any- risk at this stage. We need to keep it going. they hope to change this soon. rather than going for the hype of the new ones that are available now. it’s the same as in rocket launchers. the more fun it is. it’s very difficult for us to resource everything. It’s all about On Being A Dutch Seed Co.” That’s probably sound advice regarding much of the things one would find in a grow room. and the more interesting it can be. “When we find something that is ‘our’ flavor – and our flavor is our flavor. so we wear breathing masks and rubber gloves.” USUALLY.” It’s this kind of open market that will help to ensure that certain. who ended up with Veteran’s Disease. There’s no parentage left for it to breed any more. ‘cause it’s an original genetic. AND THEY TEST THEM FOR US STRAIGHT AWAY. You’re at no The company’s tendency to produce heavy-hitting. Being an Amsterdam seed company helps to set us apart: ‘they’ are there. ciated with the production of feminized seeds should be more worrying. AND THEY’RE KEEPING THE GENETICS ALIVE MUCH MORE THAN WE ARE OVER HERE are doing it just to make money and just spraying every plant. the better. it would only end for us.” After two. it doesn’t mean it’s everyone’s flavor – we go with it. the DHSC enjoys a primarily European customer-base. we do take precautions against things like that.. so we have to make S1s to keep the original genetic alive. they’re more legal in Canada than they are in the US. The demand goes both ways. “We’re aiming towards America and Canada.22 do have hermaphrodite traits. The older. the major difference between some American growers and us in Europe is that they’re doing it legally and we’re doing it illegally. If the spray gets on your hands. MALES AND HERMIES ARE PLANTS THAT “WE PROVIDE [OUR SEEDS] TO CERTAIN GROWERS TO TEST. The DHSC have proven that they can adapt to the ever-changing demands of the Cannabis industry. once they’ve dried out. The two explain that “the American market is still open to regular [non-feminized] seeds. it leaves rusty-colored spots on your skin that can stay there for a couple of days. the DHSC have one simple criterion: they select what they like to smoke. However. After that we get to know the strains and how difficult they can be. especially with all the genetic experimentation going on these days. they’re using those seeds to sell and telling you that they’re feminized. So. we haven’t tested them in outdoor regions enough to know the results of where they are best suited. That defines us: we’re restricted in such a way that some of America has more freedom than we do right now. we’d be able to do it even better. The lads suggest keeping an eye out for their » devilsharvestinfo@gmail. but the DHSC varieties are definitely recognizable around town. We’re trying to do this as correctly and safely as possible. despite knowing it’s a contaminated product? Not the DHSC: “I don’t use that stuff afterward. “We’re crossing it with everything we have right now. A question that frequently arises when debating the matter is whether people or the plants themselves are harmed as a result. However. “Canadians kind of learned their old school growing from the Dutch. Even though you may think it’s legal in the Netherlands. But that can change very fast. It’s mainly based for indoor growing. it can bleach your skin. That’s a really good thing. A willingness to pursue new customers in new regions also helps to keep growers interested. potentially causing the loss of the rent payment for months to come. That’s what gets our interest going. we’re so new that we haven’t even found the region that is most popular for outdoor growing with our seeds. We’re currently researching into old-school genetics and old strains. beloved strains don’t become extinct. but it’s because of the popularity of the strain. You have to know what you’re doing. as the two remind us. It doesn’t really matter to us about the yield or how it’s grown. the Canadian growing style is very similar to ours over here. THE DHSC ARE FEMINIZING ALL OF THEIR FAVORITE CLONES FROM THE SMOKE INDUSTRY IN A ‘PREGNANT’ FEMALE FLOWER AMSTERDAM.

at this point. this few day heads-up could save your crop. Even for supplemental lighting they are marginal at best. special clothing and eye protection ought to be worn around them. If you decide to use mercury vapor lights for supplemental lighting. imbedded in a plastic housing. At one time they were only available as such. two are most commonly used in growing: metal halide (MH) and high-pressure sodium (HPS). UV lenses are available from clear to Limo. novice. there is no worry of interrupting photo-periodic response. most of us will develop cataracts. Some people compare exposure to snow blindness. as not all LED panels are equal. These lights are known as High Intensity Discharge DIDYMIUM GLASSES HIGH PRESSURE SODIUM THROUGH DIDYMIUM GLASSES . and are usually from three. Too much of the red spectrum during this early growth phase can cause internodal stretching. 23 Mercury vapor (MV) is last type of highpressure light used in growing. An eight-hour exposure would be equivalent to a minute under the mid-day sun. Wear the proper eye protection. Just as fluorescent bulbs are now available with increased UV-B radiation. This changes how colors appear – and can even F. the sodium flare produced by these lights is similar to the ones that glass blowers make working with borosilicate. Much of the green light is not absorbed by plants. and keep the lights within a few inches during their lifetime. Most LED lights are classed as ‘one’ or ‘two’ under the laser safety guide for maximum permissible exposure. While these lights do produce ultraviolet radiation. The first to be developed was the incandescent bulb. This blue spectrum. the quality is greatly improved. in most. They have purplish-pink lenses and start at around thirty dollars. HPS lights can produce large and delicious flowers. at the foothills of the Himalaya range. Some people believe that – with their power consumption up to half that of an HID and a much lower heat signature – not only do they compare. commonly known as fluorescent. and there is eye-wear that eliminates those orange spectra. so wear sunglasses with UV protection whenever you are working around them. The light at this altitude contains a larger amount of UV-B rays. This basically means they are pretty safe. as long as you are not staring directly at them – your blink reflex will limit your exposure as you work around them. The fourth and final of the lighting groups is the Light Emitting Diodes. Three years ago I would have said. There is no reason to speed up the process. The bright. All of these lights give off some serious heat energy. This THC production in the plants may be acting as a photo-protector (like melanin does in humans) dissipating the harmful rays. Vegetate using full spectrum 6500K bulbs for the blue spectrum. because they give off cancer causing UV-B rays. so that you can see your future grow. As these lights become more specialized the spectra available will increase. save your money. These tubes have a phosphor coating that emits visible light as electricity excites the mercury vapor contained inside. at the very least. These glasses. or LEDs. Now I would say: make sure your purchase is from a reputable company. Luckily. if you spend a brief or extended time under the lights. They produce light from tiny semiconductor chips. but growing vegetatively under them will cause serious stretching. comparable to fluorescents and are on their way to challenge HID supremacy. HIGH PRESSURE SODIUM LIGHT WASHES OUT COLORS. now there are some crossover bulbs having more of each other’s spectra. A mix of three or four 3000K for a nice red spectrum to one 6500K will provide a modest yet wonderful harvest of medicinal delight. protecting your eyes is important. the amount is trivial. The greater health concern is exposure for long periods under cool white fluorescents. Fluorescent bulbs can also be used for flowering as long as you do not grow the plants over two feet tall by completion. Didymium Glasses LIFE THROUGH ROSECOLORED LENSES Growing indoors requires various types of lights. While these bulbs have faithfully lit our nights for over a hundred years. LEDs can produce light across the ultraviolet. These lights will either need to be turned off. promotes chlorophyll production. wait till the technology advances. which become electrified into plasma. they have never been practical for flowering. they also give off a good amount of ultra-violet (UV) radiation. Whether you are a professional. so be careful with how close these lights are to your eight millimeters in circumference.Red pose a health hazard to unprotected eyes. These different lights give off a diverse spectrum of visible and non-visible electromagnetic radiation.ADVANCED INDOOR GROWING The lighting you choose depends on your purpose. so they appear that color. lamps. some growers feel that even though flowering under them does not produce the quantity. Of this HID group. These lights have a profound physiological and psychological effect from wavelength energy penetrating the skin and acting at the molecular level. The intensity of your lights/ lumens they produce also play a large factor in the penetration of your leaf canopy and density of the buds you produce. young or old. These red spectra are what plants utilize for flowering. This eye-wear allows you to see the true color of your plants and spot nutrient issues several days before they would be obvious to naked eyes. Get some polarized lenses to reduce glare or a pair of rose-colored didymium glasses to see the true color of your plants as they flower in the warm light. full-spectrum lights help eliminate these concerns. yellow-orange light is not damaging to the eyes unless you look right at it. In a hydroponic system or in soil. with a lumen output that is small – compared to the wattage they consume. The third group creates light by an electric arc in short tubes filled with various gasses and mineral salts. Just like the sun. giving off a light similar to sunshine. The reason some growers would choose a potentially dangerous light has to do with the historical origins of Cannabis in the Parvati Valley. and there have been several studies showing that THC levels in particular strains increased in direct correlation to UV-B light. MH is traditionally used for vegetation. Plants in a vegetative cycle thrive under a blue spectrum. Fluorescent bulbs are much more efficient than incandescent ones and are an excellent choice for growing. LEDs are. The second lighting groups are Low Intensity Discharge. These lights were banned in the US in 2008 and will be in 2015 by the EU. but they are better for small space and stealth room applications. were developed a generation ago by Aura Lens and are distributed by great glass suppliers like ABR Imagery. called ‘didymium’. more than any other. Take care of yourself. The only reasonable application for these lights would be using green ones for allowing you to work in a flowering room during its dark cycle. If we live long enough. There are four major modern lighting groups. Fortunately. or. visible and infrared spectra. but it can be uncomfortable and makes it impossible to see colors accurately. LEDs will be as well. make sure you TURN THEM OFF when working around them.

quite a small country.24 FILM REVIEW Mila points out a virtue of travel: “You can create a situation where there’s space for yourself. It was the unfortunate event of Hans falling ill with cancer that brought the two back together: Mila realized that the film had remained without audience for over thirty years – including the filmmakers themselves. Since 1994. Tired and suffering from the elevation. but Mila and Hans pressed on.” This was an era in which the Dutch authorities were suddenly insisting that residents It is difficult to watch Mila’s Journey without being compelled to travel to India. where they encountered a visit from the Dalai Lama. alone or with friends and family. in an attempt to reconnect with her 1970s guide. within the past five years the same measures were re-introduced in the Netherlands – and were met with little or no protest. The pair were on foot. Mila’s Journey TAKE A TRIP WITH THE HASH QUEEN OF AMSTERDAM Mila Jansen. THEMSELVES FROM THE ‘70S AS SOUVENIRS. Weeks of walking and high altitude had taken their toll. Viewers are lucky to steal a personal glimpse into someone’s sacred.” The ability to travel was indeed lucky for her. it was back to Manali via Zanskar. The possibilities were limitless. actual stories of the place. the Pollinator Company and Hemp Hotel. the phenomenon of ‘dropping out’ held less of the negative stigma that it does today. and they were about to hitchhike to Anecdote Films Running Time: One hour Format: DVD Annie Perkins. do or think. satellite dishes and MTV. as it reminded them of the not-so-distant WWII. and unfortunately no longer exists. showing a part of the world formerly untouched by Western influence – a sparkling gem of nature and spirituality.” Besides that. In fact. determined to capture the majesty and nature of the Himalayas and its people.milasjourney. the film also represents a different time. After running an extremely successful tailored clothing boutique. naive to their own uniqueness. and sometimes even encouraged to do so. For Mila. Mila opened her own ‘tea house’. due to being some of the first Westerners to pass through this rough terrain. For this reason. proprietor of the Hemp Hotel and Pollinator Company in Amsterdam. In the ‘60s and ‘70s.” she recalls. When you begin watching Mila’s Journey. she encounters trash-filled rivers (once sacred). THE ORIGINAL TREK WAS DOCUMENTED BY HANS SWART ON 8MM FILM. covering over 1500km (932 miles).anecdote-films. and the whole of nature was out there – totally – untouched by man. The desire to experience India first-hand overwhelmed the wish to stay (and put up with the cops). high-grade hashish. It is perhaps these universal themes: freedom. in an homage to the familial-type bond that was forged between them during their three-month mountain trek. You could go. I didn’t like that. It is really a special feeling to be back here again. which ultimately led Mila back Sativa Diva home to Amsterdam. It’s not simply the rolling green hills or craggy mountaintops. which allow each of us to find something of ourselves in the story. Freedom meant that anyone could go anywhere and do anything they wanted. the Dutch police caught on and began raiding the spot weekly. about to embark. (PHOTO: CHRISTINA JANSEN) . interesting and different world out there. So the footage was cleaned and digitized. then from Leh to Lamayuru. One of the most poignant moments is her return to a mountaintop oasis. I was as insignificant as a speck of sand.. so she decided to pack everything up and leave the country. Especially in the Netherlands. in one short generation.. as she needed a break from the Dutch Police.. Kink 22. Nor is it the amazing shots of indigenous people. spirituality. Indicating how much change has occurred since then (for the worse). Rinku Kalsy and Christina Jansen » www. Mila’s Journey covers multiple visits to India and shows just a glimpse of that ethereal world. exploration. Whether you know Mila or not. and is now the subject of a moving documentary in which you can pick your way carefully along the same path to her beloved India. One bad breakup was all it took – Mila’s half of the 8mm film reel was not to be reunited with that of her ex-husband until three decades later – the documentation of their pilgrimage through one of the world’s most spiritual landscapes. something magical starts to happen. with my arms as wide as I could stretch. one that has been lost in the shuffle of modern progress. frosted with snow. 1967). the decision to relocate was not difficult: “People were actively looking for other ways of living than how our parents did it. re-connecting with the past is all the more important. it is one that also has changed. Upon her return to this verdant land. He had heard about her place (and the fact that hitchhikers could sleep upstairs) while traveling – in Afghanistan! For the first time ever. as well as having a peek into the history of a part of the world responsible for some of the most amazing hashish ever. It was 1976 and they were on a threemonth voyage. and thus the time capsule has been cracked open. young people were excited about exploring the vast. It would be a combination of this police harassment – as well as stories of “India live” that were recounted by the latest traveler to patronize her tea house – that would impel her to seek a life of less restriction. love. deporting foreigners across the Belgian border. which is debated as the first-ever ‘coffeeshop’ in Amsterdam. at the time. She recalls that. She and Hans were lucky to obtain much of their footage. RECENTLY CLEANED AND DIGITIZED. You know about her products. after learning about it through devouring philosophy texts in her publisher aunt’s French home. a move that incensed Dutch citizens. Tashi – a young Tibetan whom they had met in the Manali Bazaar. trekking from Manali all the way to Leh. MILA IS A FAMOUS FEMALE AT THE TOP OF THE CANNABIS INDUSTRY – WHAT SOME CALL “A MAN’S WORLD”. her voyage is an amazing experience to behold and it’s difficult not to get as excited about the trip as if you were. spiritual journey through such amazing lands. All of this against a stunning backdrop of re-discovered film. Now you can see for yourself the experiences that helped to lead Mila to the top of the Cannabis industry. has been long-considered one of the pioneers of the Cannabis movement in Europe. “I’ve stood at several points. Finally. “But we never sold anything there. acceptance and loss. their captivating footage presents a time capsule. It was 1968. The magical place has succumbed to the temptations of the Western world. I think. That freedom was what drew Mila back to the spiritual center of Hinduism. “Everything was controlled in the West.. she’s been helping us all to make super-clean. yourself. quick to share a beaming smile with the camera. Mila could juxtapose her book-learned education on Hinduism with carry ID at all RE-CONNECTING WITH THE LOCAL MONKS – SOME RECEIVED PHOTOS OF LIVING FOR MONTHS IN ROUGH CONDITIONS CREATED A FAMILIAL BOND BETWEEN MILA AND TASHI. “we just shared!” After a few years of blissful tea-sharing. that compel you to keep watching. the proceeds of this documentary’s sales are earmarked for the education of his grandchildren. which has drawn millions of pilgrims since that time. I was very lucky. with Henk Koster (where she also acted in the film De Verloedering van de Swieps [The Whipping Cream Hero].” » www. family.


Furthermore. finer and stronger. rough incarnations first appeared. Bambu and many other wellknown brands was convicted in 2006 of substituting such materials for the usual hemp and linen in an effort to cut costs. in terms of taste. Rolling papers are an integral part of every joint. Gummed papers came along in 1942 – another innovation by Rizla+. The gum THE SELECTION OF ROLLING PAPERS AVAILABLE IS ASTOUNDING.26 Rolling Papers IT’S NOT JUST WHAT’S INSIDE THAT COUNTS Although the most common way to ingest Cannabis in the USA is through the use of a bong or pipe. In this article SSUSA takes a closer look at the papers themselves. aerated – the list goes on and on. That said. we should always try to minimize the severity of the risk we undertake when we use Cannabis. many hemp papers now produced match their competitors in terms of thickness. Dark ash suggests that the paper may contain contaminants. thin rice paper with little or no added chemicals should burn smoothly and consistently. There has been much evolution since the original thick. or to make them longer-burning. Some varieties advertise use of pure Acacia gum. they are often made to be chlorine-free and unbleached. The first cigarette papers were produced in 1660 by the French company Lacroix (later to become Rizla+). and as their supporters are usually among the more health-savvy. Production of hemp. as the Acacia gum (gum arabic) that is commonly used as an adhesive contains glycerin. may also contain potassium nitrate to aid even burning – this substance is linked to acute oral irritation and respiratory tract damage. the ash it produces should be very small in quantity and a uniform light gray color. The thinnest papers are made from rice. They had been conceived of over a century prior to this. when Napoleon began to order in bulk for his overseas troops. but production was not to seriously take off until 1796. so it is not difficult to avoid as long as one is selective. Generally. although many are bleached must be moistened through this outer layer of paper. The Spanish manufacturer of Smoking. However. but were still quite bulky by today’s standards. clean. as well as lung cancer. To this end. but as it’s from the ubiquitous rolling paper giant we may see a rapid takeover here). When the joint is rolled the unmoistened gum then becomes tucked under a single layer of paper. which is thought to be harmful if smoked. Made from very sheer rice paper. Wood pulp papers are the worst environmentally. Others will tear off the gummed strip itself. It is possible to source additive-free papers. with the rise of global Cannabis culture. a large and growing number of pot users smoke joints or blunts as a primary or supplementary consumption method. therefore. It wasn’t until 1977 that king-size papers began to be marketed (again by Rizla+). Ultra-thin. Chlorine is highly toxic but calcium carbonate releases only CO2 when combusted and may. so this rule does not always hold true. the thinner the better. and not all are created equally. If a paper is burned as a test. Beyond the choice of base material. so it is to be hoped that they and other companies are now offering more considered products. Thicker papers not only make a fasterburning joint with a harsher taste. There are many products on the market that are advertized as containing no chlorine. seasoned joint rollers have developed techniques to minimize paper usage. Nowadays. hemp papers are often thicker than rice papers and others. and the excess can then be torn off along the gum line (see photo).and larynx cancer). it is surprising how much a slight difference between papers will affect the finished joint. The more expert will ‘back-roll’: the paper is turned inside-out so that the gum is on the outside facing the roller. the range of papers available is staggering.D. It would seem that the bulk of any lung damage incurred through smoking joints is the fault of combustion of weed and sometimes tobacco at high temperatures. burn by Kali Mist rate and immediate effect on the throat and chest. transparent. when it comes to papers. make when selecting your preferred paper? Most papers are made from hemp. and many will tear off excess paper prior to rolling. but have been reported to cause greater oral and lung irritation. so for this reason we should be considerate of the papers we use. Pure Hemp papers are marketed as ultra-thin and additivefree. especially blunt wraps and colored varieties. present a safer choice. which may be blended with other natural papers such as sugar and flax. However. flax and other grassy fibers is far preferable – at least in environmental terms. But which choice should you. although some are made from Esparto grass and wood pulp (which may contribute to lung-. Bleaches such as chlorine or calcium carbonate and may contain additives that increase strength while maintaining low weight. a good. as are Hempire and Raw Organic Hemp papers – also claimed to be vegan! Unbleached rice papers are huge in their own right – the two main brands are Raw (who make rice papers as well as the hemp variety) and Smoking Brown (a newer introduction. lip. and it is wellworth investing a few hours (and a few ruined papers!) to master the intricacies. Many papers. and also score poorly in terms of trace chemicals that may pose a risk to human health. chemicals may be added to the papers during the production process in order to make the paper lighter. the joint smoker. in order to experience the flavor of the Cannabis in as unadulterated a manner as possible. IT IS SURPRISING HOW MUCH A SLIGHT DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PAPERS WILL AFFECT THE FINISHED JOINT (chalk) may also be used. flavored. and such papers can safely be avoided as there are many others out there that pass the test. This method ensures that the absolute minimum paper is used. Competitors began to appear in the 1800s. and therefore to be selective about choice of paper is pointless. translucent papers have been around for a while and seem to have gained a majority in the market. Thin papers burn more slowly – another plus for most smokers. and in 1894 the company Zig-Zag had the brainwave of interleaving the papers (in a ‘zig-zag’ fashion). they require some HOW TO MAKE A EUROPEAN-STYLE ‘BACK-ROLLED’ JOINT . Modiano’s elegant range of regular and 1½-sized papers. such as S. but for true aficionados and those who wish to be extra careful there are non-gummed papers available. flax or rice. The idea when rolling a good joint is to always use as little paper as necessary. Their ‘fine’ weight papers appeared in 1799. Colored.

that it is now possible to find some really great papers out there. but this seemed to diminish before long as the novelty wore off. Illinois House reps rejected the Senate-approved motion there. UNBLEACHED HEMP AND RICE PAPERS OFFERED BY MANY COMPANIES TODAY SEEMS TO PRESENT THE SAFEST CHOICE menthol. unbleached hemp or rice papers yields impressive A WIDE SELECTION OF DYED PAPERS IS AVAILABLE. There is very little information available that gives insight into what other additives are used in flavored papers and what the effect may be when smoked. and despite maintaining a presence in head shops nationwide. and they are not difficult to obtain wherever you reside. a cheap cigar can be split and re-rolled with the same result. most of these papers in fact detract from the taste of what you are smoking. Fans point to the burn test as demonstrating their superior properties. and the taste. unbleached hemp and rice papers offered by many companies today seems to present the safest choice for pot smokers. for some reason). it was brittle and difficult to work with). and all the associated risks remain. so the trend is unlikely to die out completely. the clearer the message sent to manufacturers: that we are conscious of what we put into our bodies. However. . Aside from the risks of harmful additives. but very rewarding. A simple online search for additive-free. produces acrolein. Rolling blunts also encourages greater weed consumption as more is packed in. but many question this. Colored and flavored papers deserve a mention. however. also known as propenol. As none of us want chemicals in our pot. thereby exposing a greater surface area of the lung to smoke damage. So many advances have been made to decrease the weight of the paper. which is not only wasteful but unnecessary and potentially harmful. as even some gummed papers have similar properties. A SELECTION OF UNBLEACHED.27 sus seems to be that instead of adding to the flavor. Cigar companies back these campaigns. and it is true that they burn very cleanly. Colored papers also are increasingly viewed as a pointless and perhaps harmful complication. Fans cite a cooler. the likes of which would have been unseen ten years ago. on the other hand. The link between teenage smoking and blunt wraps is so pernicious that several states have this year instigated motions to ban their sale – although in January 2011. The consenresults. Rizla+ introduced menthol and strawberry flavors in 1906. when combusted. it is thought to be in too small of an amount to pose a risk. The wide variety of natural. that we wish for greater transparency (pardon the pun) regarding what’s in the papers and that we will reject those that are found to be unhealthy. as they are reported to contain around 14% glycerin (to increase the suppleness and smoothness of the cellulose) which. their use is not widespread and is more as a novelty. Blunt wraps. the rumors have contributed to some decline in popularity. The more of us that support the trend for natural rolling products. Glamorized in countless hip-hop songs. blunt wraps are wholly or mostly composed of tobacco. but also with a nod to certain perceived inherent health hazards. FLAVORED ROLLING PAPERS AND BLUNT WRAPS WERE RECENTLY BANNED BY THE FDA. A US Bureau of Customs and Border Protection ruling from 2008 defined them as drug paraphernalia. THE WIDE VARIETY OF NATURAL. is a pulmonary irritant that may be extremely harmful to health and has been implicated as a factor in the development of MS (as it may cause damage to myelin nerve sheaths). for many young stoners it is the method of choice. citing the negative impact on their image from the strong association that blunt wraps have with smoking Cannabis. as long as you have the ability to order online or a good head shop within traveling distance. but they are not alone in claiming this distinction. while avoiding chemical additives. This substance. The FDA in 2009 banned clove cigarettes and other flavored cigarettes and papers (except chemical processing to release its pure cellulose. manufacturers of such papers seem to be very reluctant to disclose these important details. UNREFINED HEMP AND RICE ROLLING PAPERS practice to master and can be expensive. Transparent cellophane papers have sparked some controversy since their introduction a few years ago (although a transparent paper was apparently produced as early as the 1970s. However. They are sold as being 100% cellulose and better for health than traditional papers. BUT MAY CONTAIN HAZARDOUS ADDITIVES. Others say they go out quickly. ostensibly in a drive to reduce teen smoking. They are based on wood pulp (from eucalyptus trees) which relies upon heavy A JOINT MADE WITH A TRANSPARENT EUCALYPTUS CELLOPHANE ‘PAPER’ and some users have mentioned irritation of the throat after use. are very popular indeed. with some branding it ‘ridiculous’. smell. Research suggests that levels of acrolein released by smoking with transparent papers is negligible. Cloves release eugenol. and many outlets have stopped selling flavored blunts and may soon follow by stopping sale of unflavored wraps too. it stands to reason that we don’t want it in our papers. either. a topical anesthetic that encourages smokers to inhale extra deeply. Although glycerin is also present in the gummed strip of ordinary papers. Many of the flavorings are artificial food additives that are not intended for smoking purposes. and nowadays the range is very wide. and sensation of smoking ‘plastic’ is unpleasant (although this could be more attributable to hardto-shake preconceptions as they have a mildly sweet taste without the acridity one would expect from plastic). slower burn with little tendency to ‘canoe’ or burn irregularly. At first their use increased rapidly.


On the father’s side: The White Rhino male’s sisters were very potent. For example. Over the years my growing and harvesting techniques improved. I didn’t want anyone not in my circle by Grubbycup to know I knew anything about weed. finally I settled on a White Rhino x Blueberry father crossed with a couple of different Purple Lady x Blackberry mothers. To create a starting pool of genetics. we were more concerned with just having enough to smoke and not all that picky about how good it was. it wouldn’t matter which of the four was paired with the others. I looked for the most robust and best flowering out of “THE WAR ON DRUGS HAS FAILED!” 5 “ONE MORE WAY THAT HEMP PLASTIC COULD SAVE OUR LIVES” 17 “HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS” 20 . Once the two lines were crossed. I smoked most of what I grew. The Blueberry mother had a very nice flavor. but other than a slight citrus. Growing marijuana came very naturally to me. For example. and pre-Internet. The first thing I learned is that I wanted to smoke more of it. which was an abbreviation for ‘Northern Lights crossed with Big Bud and the result crossed with Blue Mystic and the result of that crossed with a Durban Poison that had been crossed with a Blueberry and then had been crossed with a Blackberry. I learned a few things. and I didn’t want to deal with finding someone to buy it from. uncured and of very ‘iffy’ parentage. if the father has dropped an important trait. I wouldn’t need to involve anyone else. My friends would ask to load up a bowl of whatever was in ‘Grubbycup’s Stash’. Although information about marijuana-specific breeding was scarce. By matching potent plants with nicelyflavored plants. the trick is in getting the seeds for superior genetics in the first place. Shortly thereafter. I hoped to start to accumulate the genes needed for a potent.ADVANCED INDOOR GROWING 29 IT STARTED BECAUSE I WANTED TO SMOKE CANNABIS THAT I REALLY LIKED Breeding Grubbycup’s Stash When I first started smoking weed. even if I wasn’t working with different cultivars anymore. studied botany in college. and the quality of what I smoked improved. I wanted flavor as well in each of the crosses. the generation may have to be repeated. They were also better than a lot of what my friends were used to smoking. I didn’t want to sell weed. but they are set and finite. The first step in starting a breeding program. My first grows were all from friends’ bag seeds. and to be fair. As time went on. it’s easier to track one father with several mothers than the other way around. so accurate information was much more difficult to come by than it is today. nicely-flavored variety. This was in the 1980s. information on genetics and for breeding plants in general was much easier to come by. Using this father. It was during this time that Grubbycup’s Stash got its name. The breeding project had taken over my entire garden at the time. but often had something worth trying in it.) I also decided that if I was going to grow my own. If the genes don’t exist in the starting pool. Everything in my stash was labeled with an almost unpronounceable code. but similar to the Blueberry. the greens in question being Cannabis and cash. is collecting the original pool of genetics to start selecting from. since no money would be changing hands. and made a lot of different crosses. When breeding. The buds I grew were harsh. I didn’t want to spend the money. however. but didn’t have the plant structure I wanted and was a bit cranky to grow. which was often seeded Mexican brown. so it was my only source of personal smoke. I found better seeds to grow. Anytime I’d join a circle with friends. they won’t exist in following generations. growing it myself seemed the safest choice. but the name stuck. I may have gotten potent offspring. One drawback to this method is that it creates a bottleneck. I was still labeling with codes for specific traits. Since these were all experimental plants. they had names that were more for record keeping than ease of use. The Purple Lady mother had an amazing kick and a very interesting floral flavor. The mothers: The Blackberry male’s sisters had a berry flavor. I was going to breed my own. it might show up again in some form. plus once I had seeds. it wound up naming itself. the group to declare early. whether breeding pea plants or Cannabis plants. I tried a lot of different cultivars. Meanwhile I’d be smoking each of the pairs. I just wanted to smoke it. That would become a lot easier to do once seed banks became more common. In selecting the father. I didn’t want to buy weed. broken off of bricks (or very expensive). I pollinated several mothers. and I didn’t want to buy it. Genes may be hidden. I didn’t name it. It takes the same effort to grow average genetics as it does to grow superior genetics. both the Blackberry and Blueberry were used in the final selection. one promising candidate was: ‘(nl x bb) x bm) x (d x blueb) x black) #2’. The biggest threat to any marijuana garden walks on two legs. (The same basic principles apply. ‘I don’t mix greens’. If I had paired the two most potent. and gave the excess to friends. didn’t have the fruity-flowery sort of flavor I had in mind. it was all Grubbycup’s Stash. and I’d ask them their opinion afterward. As I used to say. make sure that you select from plants that have traits similar to what you want in your final line. After careful consideration of my options. I’d bring my latest test buds to share. they didn’t have the sort of plant structure I was looking for. second plant in the set. I came to the conclusion that it was too expensive. and had always enjoyed gardening. Besides.’ Which doesn’t exactly trip off the tongue. The pairs were selected by what I thought would be give me the best smoke while I worked on combining all four cultivars. If a line showed promise or had a trait I liked. I had grown up on a dairy farm.

The best of GS-A was cloned quet garni aroma. GS-D and GS-E that the effect and flavor are higher. NODE. if not thousands of plants. but with time and patience you can produce noticeable changes and put your own mark on the weed you smoke. but the GS-C. and each stem at harvest. just learn how dominant. them is the heart of any good breeding program. the GS Gol indicates it has 1) Even if you don’t learn the math or the science behind it. It is a work in process. That isn’t to say that they aren’t also bred for bud size. it succeeds. The process continued as much more of the same. GS-C. since I could taste test the buds off of clones to select the best ones for seeding. grown in groups. smooth clean flavor.ancestry. if not thousands of years. Part of the reason that these comparison. IT MALE HAVE AN EXTRA FINGER GS-E. love and puka shells. Advice for those interested in trying home breeding: GS MALE NAMED ‘GOLIATH’ THIS GS 3 PRODUCED FOUR LEAVES PER NODE. Record keeping becomes absolutely critical. AND ITS MOTHER HAD SUPERIOR COLOR. but for breedlots did not produce specimens better rated and more stable than the plant ing against. and did the same with the Blackberry x Purple Lady. seeds from the best smoke can be selected and seeds from only average buds can GS 3 MALES TEND TO HAVE THREE LEAVES PER be disregarded. However. IF NOT STYLISH. but GS-A developed to be the more potent of the two. The standard for the breed includes a a GS male that was named ‘Goliath’ in its One grow was dedicated to each of the nice initial effect. you will likely have learned how to deal with it. A few buds of each plant grown are seeded. Any plant showing a superior example of a trait was marked as part of the label. Anyone interested in breeding is heartily encouraged to learn about it. and today have many more traits in common. GS 3 has parents that displayed five mothers. However. all you really need to know to make use of the principle is that you should grow out multiple generations at the same time and cross the best plants together. I would never claim it to be any better than anyone else’s work. and by the time you have enough generations under your belt to worry about it. The goal of the breed is to be my favorite and to that end. It was my intention to use only the best between the two lines. Peace. Clear and accurate labels are a must. the other would produce a superior specimen. This way. Each growing container is labeled. isolating and recombining. Each container of weed lists the exact plant that it was harvested from. regardless of what generation they are. and how to use them to make educated predictions. but it can be done. but that trait holds a lower priority to quality of smoke.and recessive genes work. and so is the bud as it goes through the curing process. and making educated attempts to adjust and recombine AN EARLY GS 3 MALE THE LABEL MEANS THAT IT’S FROM THE LAST GROUP OF ORIGINAL SEEDS. to good effect. and it’s going to continue to be a work in process until inbred depression sets in. 2) Learn the basic principles of Mendelian genetics. This process was repeated structure and plant structure. More bags with codes: this is why COULD BE A METHOD OF EARLY SEXING. GS-D and TRAIT WERE TO BECOME CONSISTENT. IF THE labeled GS-A. some of these were kept. GS-B had superior flavor and structure. Over time. This method is commonly used by corporate vegetable seed breeders. Personal label machines can help if poor handwriting is a hindrance. Both lines were bred using the same criteria in parallel. or I find something I like better. Any plant that displays an structure is that they are traits that are undesirable trait can be eliminated from than the GS-A and GS-B mothers. after all. New traits have surfaced as recessive genes found matching recessive genes. There is a technique known as ‘cubing’ that is very useful to stabilizing a genetic line.only for breeding toward. Marijuana is not particularly sensitive to inbred depression. People bred both plants and animals using this principle for hundreds. distinctive floral/bou. whorled phyllotaxy (3 or more leaves per and grown again with the GS-B lot for potent long lasting ‘creeper’ stone. it is also possible to breed using much smaller numbers of plants. The tracking of traits. Whenever I would get close to deciding in favor of one. GRUBBYCUP’S STASH I kept working with the White Rhino x Blueberry until potency and flavor regularly showed in the same plant. In a large-scale operation one option would be to grow very large numbers of the seeds and make selections from hundreds. ALTHOUGH INFREQUENTLY FEMALE THE LEAVES ON THIS GS 3 The seeds from the five mothers were PLANTS HAVE DEVELOPED THE TRAIT.30 the gene pool. I’m who I bred it for. GS-B. For example. OR TWO AT THE CENTER. 3) To benefit from cubing. if you just keep breeding your best male to your best female (and don’t add new genetics into the mix) you are off to a good start. cross the best plants regardless of generation. As a result. Grubbycup . bud node). some discarded. GS-A and GS-B were grown as two separate cultivars and did not cross-pollinate for several generations. Seeds are collected and labeled. but I can grow pretty much any strain I want and Grubbycup’s Stash still makes up most of what I put in my pipe. The reason types of notes are so important is not with GS-B. The Blackberry x Purple Lady mother was easier to select. the plants became similar to each other. I’m okay with showing a little favoritism to it though. etc. I felt confident that I had a White Rhino x Blueberry male that had a good chance of contributing desirable traits to the Blackberry x Purple Lady line. You don’t have to become an expert. As with all traits. some ignored. and that information can be used to extinguish unwanted traits. The key is being able to match each bowlful of final product to its seeds and parentage. AND USED FOR BREEDING the most important to me as a smoker. grow plants from different generations together. people just tended to say ‘Grubbycup’s Stash’ or ‘GS’. It is not a fast process. Eventually the best of the two lines were merged. THE LABELS ARE INFORMATIVE.

including some tasty treats by last year’s medal winners Bliss Edibles. Danny Danko. the Bubbleator all-in-one 70-somethings as well. Established in the winter of 1994. NL » www. The venue was larger. Located on a picturesque canal near Amsterdam’s famous Waterlooplein market. next time they will need more room. if this year’s event was any indication. and the senior cultivation editor of High Times. Several booths were rented by LED companies. Amsterdam. San Francisco by Grubbycup As the laws surrounding Cannabis and medical marijuana in California become more reasonable. with a range of glass-. good health and enlightenment are common themes throughout the shop and its THE SECOND HIGH TIMES MEDICAL CANNABIS CUP TO BE HELD IN SAN FRANCISCO. At last year’s awards ceremony High Times magazine’s executive editor Dan Skye promised they would improve the process for this year’s show. the 2011 entry was both quick and painless in comparison. sizes and colors – all brought together over a common interest in marijuana. Marijuana was sold and sampled. Attendees were of all shapes. from wallets to cosmetics. each seeming to make a bigger claim than the last. wooden. Upstairs had a nice mellow area. and had a better layout as well. the winners were announced to much fanfare and cheering. enigmatic herbs. This year the High Times Medical Cannabis Cup in San Francisco even had a nearby billboard. plants and advice are all available. videos and magazines. and it was wall-to-wall with people. loud music played in the background. bongs. Handcrafted wares by artists were sold next to slick commercial products. Vendors sold pipes. Activism. making the Pollinator Co. the Pollinator Co. Regardless of its legal status. Seeds. The Pollinator Co. At the end of the show on Sunday night. in Amsterdam enjoys legendary status: Mila. INTERNATIONAL CANNABIS Peace. unlike any other spot in the industry. Edible samples were handed out. the 215 patient area had a very nightclub/party atmosphere. psychedelic clothes and a full range of posters. is responsible for revolutionizing Dutch hash by starting a craze for clean. Additional merchandise includes items for your meditation space. Last year when I attended the HTMCC the line to enter the event was nightmarish. love and puka shells. It also appeared to have a lot more attendees. The main floor of the indoor area was busy. In addition to the hash extractors for which the company is famous. rugs and tables set in the center. at least in the smoking section outside. it was obvious that while there were plenty of 20-somethings in attendance. quite simply. The Pollinator Co. Check out the website for virtual demonstrations of and ordering information for the Pollinator. your one-stop-shop for all things esoteric. is a staple for locals and a beloved destination for returning tourists and Cannabis connoisseurs. Harborside’s Steve DeAngelo. A visible haze rose above the crowd like a fog.pollinator. vaporizers. Mila’s shop is not a grow shop. Seminars and panels were held by Cannabis celebrities and experts. Credit card grinders and a staggering variety of ways to consume were available to eager shoppers. mushrooms or cacti to accessing your spiritual side through mindaltering substances. the shop is loaded with books ranging from how to grow a variety of plants. Grubbycup AUTHOR JORGE CERVANTES HEMP WICK TO LIGHT A BONG.SHOP REVIEW NL / FESTIVALS & COMPETITIONS 31 Sativa Diva The Pollinator Company The Pollinator Co. proprietor. is. but with a festive atmosphere. After you’ve chosen the correct texts and accessories. activist and entrepreneur. It was nice to see that promise kept. the shop is perhaps most famous for three mandatory pieces of hash making equipment: the Pollinator dry sieve machines. Hemp is also heavily featured. there were plenty of 30. Oversized joints were passed around. I even renewed my California patient identification card at one of the booths. which made for a very relaxing place to visit after making a circuit in the 215 patient area. The Results: Hybrid 1st Place: 2nd Place: 3rd Place: OG Kush (D & M Compassion Center) Star Dawg (Buds & Roses) The Pure (Leonard Moore Co-Operative) Indica 1st Place: Boggle Gum (Harborside Health Center) 2nd Place: The True OG (Elemental Wellness Center) 3rd Place: 7 Star Pure Kush (7 Stars Holistic Healing Center) Sativa 1st Place: Bay 11 (Granddaddy Purple Collective) 2nd Place: Alpha Blue (OrganiCann) 3rd Place: Sonoma Coma (Happy Lil’ Trees) . and a wide variety of marijuana-related products. Artwork lined the walls. To give the organizers credit. MAINSTREAM ENOUGH FOR A BILLBOARD A HAZE WAFTED OVER THE CROWD.and natural substances available. nor is it a head shop. browse the cactus garden or visit the hallucinogenic plants and flowers in the back of the shop. DEMONSTRATING THE USE OF A In sharp » info@pollinator. CA WAS HELD AT THE CONCOURSE EXHIBITION CENTER High Times Medical Cannabis Cup. Ice-o-lator bags for water extraction and the latest addition to the family. Nieuwe Herengracht 25 1011 RL. including author Jorge Cervantes. ice-water extracted resin products. smoking accessories and related products are featured. Of course. its use becomes more mainstream and normal. Ice-o-lator and Bubbleator machines.


and are hard at work sourcing new companies to work with every day. fresh products and the widest possible selection of new strains. naturally seek the best and most appropriate setting and methods of operation. the Netherlands has been a focal point for many years due to the importance of the industry there. Many smaller breeders are unable to network fully with potential customers due International Seed Market: A GROWING COLLABORATION In the first two issues of Soft Secrets USA. and customers can be sure that their queries will be dealt with in a prompt and supportive manner. as even with careful management it is possible to lose a whole lineage. due to the vagaries of genetics. This ability to exchange ideas and techniques is the backbone of the international Cannabis seed industry. they give varied and potentially unsatisfactory results. The Attitude wants to know about it. But the staff are not complacent – they are determined to continue their quest to provide quality strains globally. In the vaults of The Attitude Seed Bank. providing diverse brands perfect for the requirements of thousands of collectors across the world. many of which will remain viable in seed form (when properly stored) for years and posto the intensive nature of their operations. we introduced The Attitude Seed Bank and discussed the recent history of the seed industry. and other companies like it. can continue to create strong new ones. As telecommunications and exchange of goods and services have expanded. The Attitude also have the chance to really explore what’s out there. and without it The Attitude could not have THE ATTITUDE IS AN AWARD-WINNING SEED BANK. wherever possible it is important to keep a full inventory of present-day. representing more than ninety seed companies in the effort to bring their customers throughout the world the widest – and best – choice of Cannabis seeds and strains. Providing reliable information is extremely important to the Attitude. It’s simply not possible to preserve every strain out there. Although their customers are sure to receive high quality. wherever there is a new company producing quality items. but The Attitude is doing a very good job of attempting it. These heirloom genetics. who offer a range that runs into the thousands. particularly focusing on Europe and the Americas. Now that the legal Cannabis industry is expanding globally and many collectors are seeking to complete their personal catalog. The team has worked closely with major European breeders for years to provide the connoisseur collectors among us with a steady selection of original genetics. To conclude our three-part series.SEED BANKS 33 achieved the massive success they currently enjoy. Seed banks are also highly important gateways for other breeders and seed companies to become part of the wider network: many of the smaller companies are limited in budget and the opportunities for publicity that The Attitude team offers. not just in the Netherlands but also in countries. with the rise of the Internet seeing relevant websites springing up every day. most of the original and still most significant seed companies were founded during this period there. the spread is assisted by the efforts of The Attitude. and are definitely unsuited to breed further strains (until they have undergone a lengthy process of crossing and back-crossing to fix desired traits into the genome). such as Spain and Europe. we’ll take a closer look at the changing nature of the international seed market. and a quick glance through the online catalog will demonstrate how effectively they have covered the whole spectrum. Their efforts to represent as many seed companies as possible and stock the greatest variety of quality strains show exactly why The Attitude has made it to the top spot – and they’re showing no signs of slowing down! The team has that special something in that they always seek to be where other seed banks have not even thought of venturing yet. times will always change and industries in a free market will THE ATTITUDE TEAM maintaining biodiversity by seeking out interesting and unique strains is one of the most important things the collector can do to ensure the future of these genetics. The sheer choice one encounters when browsing the vast lists of products is enough to delight and possibly bewilder even the most choosy and specific of us. but it must be noted that the information that is provided cannot concern topics that . interesting and unique strains are thankfully not in shortage. However. Now that the focus of the Cannabis industry is moving towards the Americas. stable seed stock to avoid strains disappearing – and so that experts sibly decades. many genetics would have been lost forever – some have been lost already. we should not forget the many years of research and development that our European cousins have put into breeding viable strains. Yet the valuable heirloom stock safely stored at The Attitude alone could provide stable. Seed stock exists in massive quantities. enough to keep customers happy for years to come. and despite all our knowledge of genetics. which can demand a huge amount of time and dedication. Therefore. innovation is always rewarded. are even more important in a time of new grows in Europe being more difficult to complete. you can rest assured that the vaults at The Attitude also contain a vast array of seeds from all places and from all points in time – from the early 1980s up until now. are vital. we cannot entirely predict what will happen in the future to a certain strain. healthy parents for innumerable new strains. The guys at The Attitude take great care to meet with breeders and discuss individual strains in order to give the best and most accurate information to the customer. time and time again. The Attitude. with the Netherlands as a base for their activities. and what the future may hold Kali Mist for The Attitude and other companies like it. It’s important for a serious collector to preserve a wide selection of varieties for the future. Although Cannabis itself is found all over the world. and it’s important work – keeping strains alive and stable in nature is hard enough in a perfect world. such as promotional videos and representation at major international events. As with any crop that is selectively bred by people. and sufficient stabilization of new strains often is in jeopardy. the community has had increasing opportunities to transfer information between countries. Without the efforts of the seed banks. Established five years ago. rapid advances in techniques (along with the explosion in new varieties that we’ve seen in recent years) has meant that strains are also in grave danger of being lost. This is where The Attitude comes in. including parts of Europe. If new strains are unstable. bringing never-before-seen products from all corners of the globe. By their constant presence at conventions. However. The Attitude has grown at an explosive rate to become the largest seed bank in the world today. are important in that they have always attempted to provide a good selection of seeds from breeders all over the world – and Over many decades the great breeders worked at creating the varieties we now have. despite such endeavors.

Over the next few years. It stands to reason that any one of the new and unknown companies of today could be the next big thing. The Attitude is also committed to continuing their work of seeking out a wide range of sources. as without it none of our indooradapted hybrids would ever have been conceived of in the first place. which reaches subtropical conditions in the Canary Islands. As for The Attitude team. The Attitude Seed Bank is looking forward to a long and exciting role within this revolutionary movement. the sunny pastures of southern Mediterranean countries such as Greece. linking several continents. we can be sure that high quality seeds will be available worldwide for collectors. It is crucially important for organizations such as The Attitude to continue hundred-plus! With every new addition bringing their contribution of fresh quality strains to the market. possession and cultivation of small amounts of Cannabis is now legal.34 may encourage customers to contravene local law. future research cannot happen. and by next year the list is expected to grow from ninety to a ESTABLISHED FIVE YEARS AGO. and the contribution of such people is therefore highly important. Turkey and Albania. with global renown. THE ATTITUDE HAS GROWN AT AN EXPLOSIVE RATE In this way many names that would never normally make it into the spotlight have become popular and well-loved in the global community. in fact – for the seed business to reach its current status as a serious and profitable concern. is allowing for the creation and preservation of amazing strains that deserve a place in any connoisseur’s library. TWO INVALUABLE STAFF MEMBERS NATALIA WITH RAKAA FROM DILATED PEOPLES THE WINNER OF B-DAY PROMOTION. That’s why The Attitude works their global efforts to provide Cannabis seeds for storage or for legal cultivation. and a great range of altitudes – sometimes even within one country. International collaboration is. and improvements to techniques cannot benefit the community as a whole. Much of temperate Europe is ideal for developing great varieties that will flourish in similar conditions elsewhere. and new ones are being added all the time. by representing all the major players – as well as a plethora of smaller and lesser-known organizations. There are vast swathes of undeveloped land where few venture: the remote valleys of alpine Switzerland. and is proud to represent the talented and professional organizations that are behind this vital research. The next generation can only benefit from our efforts to strengthen the gene pool: if current PROVIDING RELIABLE INFORMATION IS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT TO THE ATTITUDE customers will find seed companies from many countries represented within their catalog. Whether Cup-winner. breeding programs have elevated some table Spanish seed companies are also now appearing. it’s back to work – there are more breeders out there to meet and represent. It’s taken many years – decades. such as Spain. The diversity of climate. The network that exists. repufamous out there. the strains of the future will be spectacular – as far removed from the strains of today as ours are from the varieties of the 1970s and 1980s. they will enjoy a myriad of stable feminized and auto-flowering strains that current collectors can only now imagine. allows for a range of adapted varieties to be developed. auto-flowering genetics to the status of being worthy of consideration by the most serious collectors. which boasts semi-arid plains. The Attitude team have seen firsthand the diversity that the continent has to offer. Auto-flowering hybrids are improving and are increasingly popular among the customers of The Attitude. it’s going to be difficult not to spend hours scouring the pages of The Attitude’s online catalog to find that special something to round off your collection. and always has been. or the hostile steppes of eastern Europe – where monoecious hemp and autoflowering ruderalis thrive. The Attitude supports such legal enterprises: so hard to get out there and talk to the countless organizations that now exist. and have been attracting much attention over the last few years with some amazing sativa. But as long as companies like The Attitude provide their efficient service to the planet. the team expects that as techniques and exchange of information continues to improve through the community. In the Czech Republic. and signs that small seed companies may be emerging are apparent. infamous cult classic or new and undiscovered gem. so have those same small companies grown to become the most progress is any indicator. the key to a healthy industry.and hybrid genetics. IN AMSTERDAM WITH THE GUYS FROM THE GREENHOUSE . From humble beginnings. prompt and efficient as always! NATALIA AND JODIE. While the major Dutch companies are still a force to be reckoned with. Without it. The continent encompasses a massive diversity of climate zones. During their work in Europe. wherever they may be. mountains and two very different maritime climates on the north and south coasts. you can be sure that The Attitude team has it waiting for you and is ready to dispatch your order. and as the seeds of industry were sown by initially small and unknown companies.


However not all of them had the ethics of the Cannabis smuggler. Africa was the popular transit point on the route to Europe. Unfortunately. and it wasn’t until they reached their hotel that they discovered the switch. a popular route because of its lack of baggage controls on entering the country. Hippie surfers were synonymous with marijuana use. Filling the tanks was also a problem as there’s not much sport diving in Pakistan. by the time they were finally reunited with their owner a month later. they’d been around the world. so you needed a reason to travel. as there was less security – and when Afghani hash was not available there was always Manali or Kashmir. The surf board was a longtime favorite of the hippie smuggler. There was a case of an airline putting the bags on the wrong flight. A double-tank set had real potential. for example finding out the search schedules. One group even stole the bags off another while in transit and got away with it. as he’d already loaded them into his taxi. the luggage would just arrive on the carousel and you’d have to fight a taxi driver to get your bags back. the next step was the route. where they executed hash smugglers. but tanks alone were not enough. Halfway through the movement he felt the momentum of the seventy-five kilo weight. many a board stuffed with marijuana made it through. but there was nothing he could do about it. India was a victim of its own class system. Air India flights had virtually no searches for first class passengers and a huge baggage allowance thrown in. Access was usually through a screw-off bottom. A WET SUIT AND A COUPLE OF TANKS WERE ALL THAT WAS NEEDED. In Nairobi.36 SMUGGLER’S TALES WHEN JACQUES COUSTEAU INVENTED THE AQUALUNG REGULATOR. Most used the cover of professional oil rig divers. it was routine. lighter hash. Many just traveled through the airport on combination of luck and guts. Most would travel to a neutral nation before attempting to enter their destination country. IT BECAME POSSIBLE FOR SPORT DIVERS TO TRAVEL THE WORLD AND DIVE WHEREVER THEY LIKED. After a week on the beach it was time to think about the final leg home. although I’m sure it’s not the case today. the method was also unfortunately used to transport hard drugs. a tank covered in sand and seaweed usually did the trick. some even changed passports en route to disguise where they’d come from. but they still did it.) Imagine carrying that with a bounce in your step. At one point there were hundreds of ‘divers’ traveling the world with loaded tanks. With the introduction of the aluminum tank the perfect smuggling tool was created. On this particular occasion a driver had grabbed a couple of diving bags off the belt and started to swing them onto his shoulder. terrorism has changed many things in the world. The Emirates. airport accomplices picked up the real bags before the actual owners had cleared immigration. The real stuff also fetched double the price. One group traveling from India transited through Nairobi. It didn’t always go as planned. this kind of smuggling required physical fitness – a double set with suit and fins weighed around seventy five kilos (ca. lack of exotic hashish is one of them. In fact. When the bags reached shoulder height they just kept going and took him straight through a plate-glass window and down a flight of stairs. back then the discovery was gold. COUSTEAU. Due to lax airport searches. Professionals would use a small internal compressed air tank containing just enough to give a convincing phssst should customs open the valve. so it was well-worth locating. Others just relied on timing. Bags sometimes went missing. One group of crazies operating on balls and stupidity used to fly out of landlocked Peshawar (in northern Pakistan) and there’s not so much as a puddle for hundreds of miles. The owner of the bags picked them up from the stunned driver and left in another taxi before the police showed up. A twelve liter tank could carry almost thirteen kilos of Afghani hashish. but first you had to get out of the source country. The trick was to pick up the thirty-five kilo bag off of the belt as if it weighed nothing. Thanks. With Pakistan’s neighbor at war it was much easier operating out of India. Should customs have a look. That took balls. with its oil industry. 165lbs. arriving on a Sunday morning when staff levels were low and multiple flights were also arriving from innocent destinations. Some groups would employ runners who’d never been near the source country to make the last part of the journey. Back in Amsterdam the circular plaques of black border hash were christened ‘banjos’. FATHER OF THE AQUALUNG A WEEK ON THE BEACH: NOT A BAD WAY TO SPEND A ‘BUSINESS TRIP’ ‘BANJOS’ OF AFGHANI HASHISH WERE PASSED AROUND FILLED WITH AIR OR HASH? . Having loaded the equipment. despite the fact that if you were caught they’d lock you away for years. but it was the real Afghani hash that people wanted. which was hidden under the rubber boot. Those traveling to Australia often passed through Singapore. Jacques Before the dreadful events of 9/11 it was common to travel by air with all kinds of sports equipment. but this was a period when officialdom didn’t seem to realize that tanks could carry more than air. but it was the diving tank that had the real potential. IT ALSO OPENED UP NEW POSSIBILITIES FOR THE SMUGGLER. In Pakistan bribery was often the way to get bags on a plane without a search. but divers were a different breed by O’Riodon altogether. was a popular transit point. but for that you needed paperwork. which in this day and age is a rather disturbing thought. maybe ten. They loaded identical bags with bricks and placed them on the same flight. It only required some simple milling equipment to reduce a twenty-five kilo tank down to twelve. When things did run to plan. Some didn’t bother with such niceties. Most used intelligence to beat the controls.

and a flowering time of around 14 weeks – very similar in description to many African landrace genetics. THE RUGGED AND REMOTE TROPICAL TERRAIN PROVIDES PLENTY OF OPPORTUNITY FOR COVERT GROWS. Cannabis has followed soon after. and with a racy. It is likely that the prevalent phenotype for centuries. quicker-flowering. Although much of this learning has been lost to the general populace through increasingly harsh domestic drug policy. as well as a reddish coloration to the leaves and flowers themselves. leading to highly morphologically-distinct Cannabis populations worldwide. is very apparent in the Cannabis genus. was a compact sativa with some indica characteristics – similar to other Eastern Mediterranean strains still in existence (such as those found in Lebanon and Egypt). Conversely. and represents a significant percentage of overall narcotics trafficking. and low-quality weed from Albania. of course. fitter examples evolve or are introduced. Kalamata pot is a closely guarded secret and examples are exceptionally rare. The flavor is reported to range from citrus to woody. selection pressures have acted against it as cultivators prefer a more robust. and its prominence as a destination for sailors from all corners of the globe. and it is suggested that the species can therefore survive significant climate change and – is indeed already responding to ongoing changes. with long. Panama Red was the name given to the bushy red cultivar that ultimately emerged: reportedly of an airier structure and lighter color than its predecessor. due to police crackdowns on outdoor grows and excessively harsh penalties. be sure to find the last few remaining guys who grow it and beg for a seed sample. and are introducing hybrids that are flourishing in the benevolent climate – and rapidly gaining dominance. ©ULRICHSTILL Panama Red Wherever humans have gone. Alongside (and arguably due to) police crackdowns. The Red first appeared – and rapidly achieved fame – in the ‘60s and ‘70s. On the mainland itself. existing populations are depleted and phenotypes lost. when land is cleared for intensive coca production. Panama’s near-equatorial latitude and forgiving climate allows for the harvest of very pure. In Panama. and in the intervening centuries since their introduction various landraces have evolved. and Cannabis has lessened in importance as an export in recent years. Many of the secrets of Cannabis that are only now becoming common knowledge to us were known thousands of years ago to the ancient Greeks. In Crete there is a fair amount of cultivation to this day – attitudes towards mainland Greek policy are hostile and many Cretans are prepared to defy the law of the land. higher-yielding plant. cultivation began in earnest when growers brought seeds (thought to be mostly of the Colombian Red cultivar) to the country from Colombia in defiance of the harsh crackdown on drug production there. Both extremes can affect the gene pool. but it seems that unless undiscovered communities exist out there in the rugged Panamanian hills and islands. commonly crossed with White Widow or Skunk to enable successful indoor grows. must have yielded genetics from many sources. its massive importance as a trafficking route has meant that local criminal gangs have turned their attention to cocaine. or the ability of a plant to change its genetic structure in response to environmental pressures. compact flowers that may have a rosy or reddish coloration. The ‘War on Drugs’ has. and in the recent past Panamanian Cannabis was widely available.100 AD when the advancing Mongol armies invaded Asia AN EXAMPLE OF A LOCAL SATIVA FROM A KALAMATA GROWER ©KALI MIST MUCH OF THE PELOPONNESE REGION IS CHARACTERIZED BY LOW-LYING. ©DIRKVDM . One that does apparently remain (albeit in massively reduced quantities) is a strain developed and made famous over many generations in and around Kalamata. The wideranging explorations of the Greeks in their golden era. second city of the Peloponnese (a region on the south coast of mainland Greece that enjoys a very pleasant climate). in other locales production has been sidelined in favor of the more profitable coca plant. Kalamata Greece has a long history of cultivating Cannabis – mostly sativa varieties that could be selected for fiber and seed as well as to produce higher-THC cultivars. As with many disappearing landraces and cultivars. racy effect. the ravages of the cocaine trade have left an indelible mark on Cannabis cultivation. and we can possibly trace its lineage back to East Asia around 1. Kalamata has virtually disappeared off the map as a producer of this unique sativa. It is still available from seed banks in hybrid form. led to eradication of Cannabis fields throughout the region. But if you ever find yourself there and you have a trusted connection to help you navigate your way around the tricky politics of local weed cultivation. as well as those from Asia. while little coca is actually grown in Panama. Wild or escaped communities now exist on every continent save Antarctica. ‘Phenotypic plasticity’. which then interbred with the local sativas of the time. Unfortunately this means that a particular phenotype can become insufficiently suited to its surroundings as conditions change by Kali Mist and newer. when intensively farmed. Also.ENDANGERED STRAIN GUIDE 37 Minor. This enables rapid localized adaptation. and as with so many of the exceptional landraces out there. WELL-DRAINED PASTURE LAND. They brought their own Cannabis genetics. The hilly terrain and numerous small islands provide many opportunities for covert growing. further compounding the problem. Local growers also often selectively breed for desired characteristics. It is sativa. the pot-smoking population relies heavily upon imported hash from Morocco or Spain. growers who still manage to finish a crop are increasingly choosing quicker-flowering Skunk varieties. a handful of lineages were able to flourish up until recent times. and is apparently now unavailable. High-quality local cultivars that were widely available in the 1980s are now almost impossible to find. It exhibits long red hairs on the flowers. clear sativa high – as opposed to the stupefying narcotic effect of the Colombian Red. It can grow up to 15 feet tall and can yield up to five pounds per plant when well-tended. as well as some Thai and Cambodian. the Red is now truly a lost strain. In some places Cannabis is intensively cultivated. In much of Central America. however. long-flowering tropical sativas. the single most profitable strain may be exhausted while others are allowed to die off. if not millennia. Kalamata is high in THC with an intense. It is also believed that the original Greek strains may well have been influenced by some of the by Kali Mist purest African sativas.

Wet weight was 2. Trial one ended prematurely due to low temperature issues. Gender declared itself as normal (being feminized. I have no doubt that a 400w LED array could easily outperform a 400w HID light. The smoke is sweet tasting.7 ounces (75 grams) which trimmed and dried to . However. but may be more appropriate if these factors are not a concern. it declared female). My experience so far with LEDs has shown them to be unforgiving of errors. to ensure the plants did not suffer due to crowding. A fluorescent lamp will use its power to broadcast light in many colors. a single 30w LED light might be manufactured from 30 x 1w by Grubbycup diodes. They sprouted normally. it is not an inexpensive unit to purchase: retail price runs in the same ballpark as a budget HID magnetic coil 1000w. The plants were grown in perlite with small plastic pots as containers. they use small doped semiconductors to emit light. which is why the plant appears green. During mid flowering. The first units arrived on the scene with a lot of hype and a high price tag. . the 104w LED unit performed better than a 250w HID. and nutrient uptake problems. The self-contained unit is heavy for its size. 400w of LED array is substantially more expensive than 400w of HID lighting. For example. Chlorophyll uses light with wavelengths primarily from the red. Trial two also ended prematurely. and as a result the plants suffered from the cool temperatures in the space. they either didn’t work. A higher percentage of the energy spent is converted into light that the plants can use. with several wired together to make a single light fixture. and leaves a nice warm afterglow. or 10 x 3w diodes. bud development was very tight. and foliage was denser than my experiences with HPS or fluorescent lighting. For use in stealth cabinets or in a location where heat is an issue.7 ounce (20 grams) of nice smoke. bulb and socket. Bud development started very slow. Four seeds were put in to sprout on December 17th. To ensure that the plants were from quality genetics. Start to finish it took 185 days. and at least in theory.7 OUNCES (75 GRAMS). but picked up dramatically in the last couple of weeks. and final harvest was 20 grams for a GPD (grams per day) of . It delivers a nicely potent hit. Calculating the GPD for each harvest will allow a gardener to compare the success of grows even if the number of days taken for each is different.and three-watt LEDs from the Netherlands. Green light is reflected back away from the plant. The spacing of the branches was still very short. blue and violet lamps. but was easy to set up in a small space. When current is applied from positive to negative. water moved through the plant at a slower rate than I am used to. love and puka shells. energy is not spent on creating green light. and that. be careful of over-watering. watt for watt. but when using LEDs over soil. LEDs have come a long way since they first hit the market. The individual diodes are usually one to five watts each. in an indoor vented closet.108. An advantage LED lamps have over fluorescent lamps is the ability to project specific wavelengths (colors) of light. if green light is not used by the plant. is more shock resistant than glass lamps. Compared to the GPDs from other tests. but it was also small for its age. Since I used perlite as a growing medium. I can confidently say that it is possible to grow good weed under a well-designed LED light. then that energy is wasted. The LED unit runs much cooler than traditional lighting. blue and violet bands. they perform better than HPS or fluorescent technologies. Dinafem’s Critical Jack seeds were used. The third trial successfully completed from seed to harvest without incident. LEDs are made to emit specific wavelengths. a positive and a negative. DAY 28: THE PLANT WAS MOVED INTO NORMAL LIGHTING FOR THIS PHOTO. due to a combination of complications from having the light too close to the canopy. TWELVE DAYS FROM SEED THE CRITICAL JACK FROSTED NICELY. at current market prices. ballast. should last longer without needing bulb or part replacements. Lighting was switched to 12 hours on/12 hours off at 130 days from seed. The lower waste heat of the LEDs could be useful in conditions where excess waste heat is a problem. However. It seems well built. Grubbycup DAY 81: THE LED PLANTS ARE SHORT AND DENSE DAY 172: BUDS WITH TIGHT FLORAL CLUSTERS THIS 104W LED UNIT WAS THE ONE USED IN THE TRIAL. and being mostly solid-state. This includes spending some energy on producing green light. overwatering wasn’t an issue. Internode length was shorter. Plant transpiration under the unit was reduced. The plant finished in 55 days (just under 8 weeks). they produce light. Peace. smooth with a hint of bite. three of the plants were removed. or didn’t work well. would require more electricity to use. and the plant was very bushy. It runs much cooler than HID lighting. They have two leads. The testing took more trials than expected. they are worth taking a look at – if the cost of purchasing the unit doesn’t break the budget. the plant appeared to be a miniaturized version of a much larger plant. but I was curious if the advances in technology had advanced to the point where they were a viable alternative to HIDs and fluorescents. so by using red. The unit I tested is a commercial 104w combination of one. so initial cost may be an important consideration. and would add the expense of bulb replacement. Overall. DAY 185: LEDS CAN FLOWER. and early growth was compact and vigorous. and has a very pleasant exhale. The 1000w light would generate a lot more waste heat. LEDs create about the same amount of light per watt as fluorescent lighting. and as a result. FRESH CUT WEIGHT WAS 2. However.38 ADVANCED INDOOR GROWING LED Trial with Critical Jack LIGHT EMITTING DIODES LEDS ARE USED TO TAKE A PLANT FROM SEED TO BUD Light emitting diodes are electroluminescent. Today’s units still come with the hype and the price. The Critical Jack has a woody aroma with subtle notes of lemon. but not as well as a 400w HID. and as such I would not recommend them as a good choice for novice growers. Prototypes of LED grow lights disappointed a lot of early adopters. and the learning curve on use was steeper than it appeared.

and their properties have been long-studied. but at some point male pollen should be introduced and new seeds grown as the genetic begins to weaken. ©RAYELA ART 2008 . When attempting any of the above methods. On the other hand. if the males are cut just before the flowers mature and begin to release polvery select crops – and hash containing male pollen is said to be yellowish and lower in strength and overall quality. However. Through history. strong males are prized by breeders. It is improbable that good results would be yielded from most methods of hash-making. armed with these facts. you’ll be a little more forgiving when you next find yourself staring at a tiny. Don’t throw them away – try making a batch of brownies. without their pollen. and rapid maturation rate. by Kali Mist In the drug Cannabis industry. It is impossible to create and stabilize a new variety without doing it the old-fashioned way (breeding males with females). remember that a higher quantity of male plant matter will be needed than for female plant extraction. die and are harvested for fiber. Apart from the world of breeding highpotency Cannabis. new healthy generations cannot emerge. Although levels are low compared with female plants. It is said that males make good oil – when extracted by soaking the plant matter in high-quality ethanol – and it is possible that this is the best use for your grow room or greenhouse males. clothing and bedding. the fiber is finer but lower in tensile strength. MALE HEMP FIBER WAS USED TO MAKE FINE ITEMS LIKE THIS LINEN-STYLE CUSHION. oil – or butter for cooking. Scent and floral structure may be discernible from male plants also. male plants have a very important place in hemp farming.900 years before Western botanists ‘discovered’ sex in plants – also by studying male Cannabis! For this reason alone. stable father can be the basis for hundreds of successful crosses. They are obviously vital for seed production as. The method to produce butter from males is identical to that for good quality. The dioecious nature of Cannabis and the different uses for male and female hemp were recorded as early as 221 BC in an early Chinese dictionary. and strains of cultivated monoecious hemp must be re-developed from parent stock every few generations to prevent reversion to the normal dioecious growth. male specimens of psychoactive Cannabis strains do contain varying amounts of THC and other cannabinoids. So perhaps. The male matures much faster than the female: it is already producing pollen and is ready to die in the initial few weeks of len. the stalk and foliage may be treated in various ways to extract the psychoactive compounds. good height (neither too short nor too tall). or an eighth of ice-o-lator or oil – who knows. Therefore THC production has already peaked by this point. The archaic English word ‘fimble’ (from the old Dutch femeel) specifically refers to the male hemp plant and male hemp fiber.and A MALE SUPER SILVER HAZE PLANT IN FULL FLOWER – PART OF A BREEDING PROGRAM ©RIKVA 2009 were world-famous. sacking and canvas. by the time you next have to cut down your males you may be looking forward to it! A FLOWERING MALE HEMP PLANT SHOWING ABUNDANT POLLEN PRODUCTION ©ERIK FENDERSSON 2006 TRADITIONALLY. stronger female fibers were used for ropes. around 1. release pollen. When selecting males for breeding. But male plants do have their uses. as THC levels are so low: in many traditional hash-making communities (such as Morocco) males are not separated from females – except for THROUGH HISTORY. Any alternative to simply throwing them in the trash has got to be worth considering. But their fibers are also prized. Male plants mature faster than females. Male hemp grows 10-15% taller than female. WEAVERS HAVE USED THE EARLIER-HARVESTED MALE FIBER TO MAKE FINE LINEN-STYLE ITEMS SUCH AS TOWELS. The females then ripen and are harvested for seed and fiber. the first sign a plant shows of being male is their cue to rip it up and dispose of it – but is there any use for the males besides causing your precious females to be ruined by seed growth? Unless you are a breeder. A good. such as the almost silk-like fabrics manufactured by some Italian weavers. knowing that they must be removed from the grow straightaway and that all the care and attention you’ve lavished upon them up to now was wasted. female plants can be cloned for many generations. The coarser. weavers have used the earlier-harvested male fiber to make fine linen-style items such as towels. It’s a terrible feeling staring at a bunch of males. In a greenhouse or indoor grow room. newlyformed male flower basking in the glow of your expensive HPS lights. the female’s flower period. The plant matter is ground up as small as possible. Various males must be allowed to pollinate identical groups of female clones to ascertain which male produces the most viable offspring. Some enthusiasts claim the products they create are comparable to or even better than those produced from female plants. allowing pollination to occur and seeds to develop within the flower as it grows. weeks before your girls will be ready. the observable traits that are most desirable are low hermaphroditism. and this article will tell you a little about them. CLOTHING AND BEDDING has thinner stalks. Yes. either in the form of hash. Some. some indoor growers of highpotency strains have attempted to make ice-o-lator from males. Having males and females is an integral part of the Cannabis plant’s nature – just as it is for humans – and maintaining unnatural reproductive cycles for many generations is impossible without great effort.39 Male Cannabis: LET’S HEAR IT FOR THE BOYS! For most growers. and stirred into melted butter (or a mixture of butter and water to prevent burning) with reportedly good results. and some have reported producing hash of medium. Console yourself with the thought that you’ve actually got some usable THC. you’ve probably never thought much about it. but the effect a male’s genes will have on the overall look and potency of his daughters can only be known by growing out the progeny to maturity. the male of the species deserves a special place in the annals of botanical history. Feminized seed crops must be treated repeatedly with colloidal silver or gibberellic acid to prevent normal flowering. vigor.


I’d just suggested a pinch or two in the mix to mellow things out. it just added to the bizarreness. or the worst. Numb and in shock. We married in Amsterdam and the reception was held in the gallery. I mentioned earlier that my new wife was a money dealer. the wedding ceremony was over and the party was getting into full swing. I was beginning to realize just how strong it was. I just beat him to the door.’ Even in my inebriated state. My grandmother even commented on how nice it was that I had a priest for a friend. less sensitive days I was inevitably responsible by O’Riodon for giving nearly sixty people just such an experience. I must have seemed deranged. I discovered my wife’s uncle had found the cake and was passing it out to little old ladies. The occasion was my first marriage. tripped and fell down the stairs. Half the party fell on it like wolves. people kept asking for more and my constant refusal seemed weird. She was a money dealer and I was a gallery owner. Then. hav- THE COLOMBIAN AMBASSADOR HAD MOVED INTO THE BACK ROOM AND WAS HOLDING AUDIENCE OVER AN ANDEAN-SIZED PILE OF COCAINE. My new in-laws had just discovered the cloakroom was full of hairy people smokIT’S ALWAYS NICE TO HAVE A ‘PRIEST’ IN ATTENDANCE! ing weed. A friend offered to bake a wedding cake. In complete panic. To add to the weirdness. the other half were beginning to wonder why they felt so weird. one of my more lecherous musician friends had turned up dressed as a priest and many of the older guests thought he was legit. I realized the explosive implications of a cake containing sixty grams of hash. My partner’s Siamese cats had retreated to the back room. Playing with them on the floor were my wife’s teenage nieces. Back in the party. In less than a year he would become Minister of Finance and eventually go on to oversee the introduction of the Euro. To my new in-laws I was the devil incarnate. when he got drunk and chased women around the party. thanks to that social lubricant: alcohol. I couldn’t throw it away. in. So. All about the place the people were starting to turn green. My seventy-four-yearold grandmother even attended. He left. one uncle had eaten seven pieces. scattering cake everywhere. especially if it’s your first time. I even took a half-eaten piece off my grandmother. This was a chapter out of William Burroughs and I was not enjoying it. ‘it didn’t seem like much. so we put it all in. I saw cake in all the wrong hands. The cake was handed over with the whispered words. He promised to look after the cake. I freaked. a shout announced somebody had found the remainder of the cake. it’s tasty and only as dangerous as the sugar that goes with it. Rushing into the main room. The coat (once found) was handed over smelling of weed. I rushed up and grabbed what was left and disappeared upstairs. a miss-match way back in the heady days of the ‘80s. When the end finally came it was quick. If the dose is right. but did prompt a visit to the back room. Unwittingly eating a cookie that takes you into another state of mind can be a little unnerving. The cake tasted so good. Having already eaten a piece. Depending upon who you talked to. When somebody walked past carrying a large piece. a delicious time bomb about to blow the party apart. the haranguing I got had little effect. I have to confess in my younger. and that’s where their mother found them. The bearer. It was at that point the cake arrived. it can be a pleasant and enlightening experience. When I met him he was just finishing a piece of cake. he handed over a coffee machine and said goodbye. Then it started. so I decided to cut off a small piece and hide the rest. Using the excuse of looking for a knife. ing flown over from England with my mother. Behind me.EDIBLES 41 Dangerous Pastry A DELICIOUS TIME BOMB Eating Cannabis is still one of the best ways of consuming nature’s gift. The artists had softened to the bankers and even I had managed to shake off the stag night hangover. When I reappeared with a plate of minute portions there were lots of complaints. On the day. It was downhill from there on THEY DROPPED LIKE FLIES . it seemed like a good idea at the time. the director of the bank dropped by to pay his respects. but not as much as when I discovered the Colombian Ambassador had moved into the back room and was holding audience over an Andean-sized pile of cocaine. but that was the least of my problems. unaware of the experience yet to come. well. then headed for the cloakroom to get his coat. His Rolls Royce and escort were blocking the street. glistening white and sporting a big red ribbon. the next surprise. The guest list was varied due to our different professions and wide circle of friends. they began to drop like flies – fortunately I left before the ambulances arrived. I heard the explosion from the other end of the party. At first it was going to be a normal fruit cake covered in icing. it was either the best party ever. they’d all seen it. then the idea to give it a ‘sparkle’ crept in. I disappeared with it into the kitchen and locked the door. befitting her status. The hash was actually meant to be a reward for the chef. After a moment or two of pleasantries. but there’s a darker side to eating Cannabis – the surprise effect. a moment later he really passed out. holding it high. HE PROMISED TO LOOK AFTER THE CAKE. There was also my new wife’s extensive Dutch family. The guy I was talking to suddenly lay down on the floor and then got up again as if nothing had happened.

Royal Queen Seeds has decided to launch several new species on the » www. and good packaging is of fundamental importance.42 PRODUCT FLASH Royal Queen Seeds Launches New Automatic Species For the past four years. the Royal Queen Seeds company has been an important actor on Europe’s constantly expanding Cannabis seed market. Our seeds are hand-chosen before being machine-packed. our seeds are protected from the light and sterilized. the high quality of the seeds and active participation in creation and distribution of female seeds and the socalled ‘automatic’ species. you will obtain a spectacular plant. is a logical step for Royal Queen Seeds. Boy Ramsahai.royalqueenseeds. in every sense of the word: an automatic Haze that flowers in just nine weeks from bud to harvest! Royal AK Automatic: The well-known AK-47 crossed with a Ruderalis strain to create a genetically stable automatic “THE WAR ON DRUGS HAS FAILED!” 5 “ONE MORE WAY THAT HEMP PLASTIC COULD SAVE OUR LIVES” 17 “HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS” 20 . not only because clients expect the correct number of seeds but also because they require them to be selected and packaged with care. and the selection and packaging processes take place in a sterile environment. explains: ‘Today’s Cannabis consumers know exactly what to pay attention to when purchasing high-quality seeds. Northern Light. Due to the enormous success of their so-called auto-flowering species. Northern Light Automatic: The other great classic. The implementation of the Hapamatic machine.’ For information: Royal Queen Seeds » info@royalqueenseeds. Royal Haze Automatic: If you cross a Dutch classic such as Amnesia Haze with a Ruderalis and a type of Skunk. owner of Royal Queen Seeds. great attention is given to factors such as humidity in the air and temperature. a species that flowers even more rapidly than any grower could dream of! Royal Queen Seeds Now Packages Seeds Automatically Royal Queen Seeds has recently introduced a Hapamatic automated packaging machine for packaging seeds. With the new system. already used for years in the medical sector for packaging large quantities of medicine. has been crossed with a Ruderalis strain to create another classic: Northern Light Automatic. Royal Queen Seeds has become an extremely prominent company. Thanks to reasonable prices.


out on August 29th 2011. New Age synth. A TAUT BEAUTY SPANGLED WITH CRYSTALLINE HARP AND KEYS. as an uncompromising singer. ‘I think that has affected me subconsciously. unlikely hometown to a remarkable band – Other Lives – and its gifted singer/composer and multi-instrumentalist bandleader. drummer Ronald Bruner. AND NO HESITATION IN FUSING THE FAMILIAR WITH THE STRANGE. the end result is unmistakably a Thundercat record – a lush and magical document combining classic jazz-fusion. A longtime contributor to others’ albums. in the midst of a vast mid-western plain. Tamer Animals. Interweaving layer upon layer of intricately winding and pulsing orchestrations. THERE. RAMP and Raheem Devaughn. You’re The Man. songwriter and producer. IT IS AS PHYSICAL AS IT IS AUDITORY – A LAWLESS ADVENTURE WITH NO LIMITATIONS. OR THE CLASSIC WITH THE CUTTING EDGE. BUT ALSO A UNIQUE AND COMPREHENSIVE INSIGHT INTO ONE OF THE WORLD’S MOST CHERISHED ALBUMS FOR ANY SOUL SISTER OR -BROTHER. these eleven tracks enfold listeners in a bounteous panoply of melodies and textures reminiscent of Brian Wilson’s daring Smile period.44 MUSIC REVIEWS Bassnectar Divergent Spectrum AMORPHOUS MUSIC Bassnectar is the brainchild of Lorin Ashton. the music covers every conceivable genre and smashes it all into a synthesis of intense. Jesse Tabish. offers both stone-cold skill and uncanny astrality. THE SET PROVIDES NOT ONLY AN ESSENTIAL PIECE OF MARVIN GAYE HISTORY FOR FANS. this masterpiece broke the Motown mold. improvised numbers like Jamboree and virtuosic bass pileups like Fleer Ultra. his single sequel. and the band counts Zane Lowe. Will Rast. their second album. SHOUT IT FROM THE ROOFTOPS! Thundercat The Golden Age of Apocalypse BRAINFEEDER If indeed ‘you blows who you is’. TIME REALLY ISN’T A THING. this debut album recalls the best of Africa 70. He will also be featuring on ESL Instigators – Thievery Corporation’s forthcoming release. ‘TIME WILL PASS US BY’. OVER ALL. stories and grooves remain timeless. a soft whirl of bluesy piano. Natalie Clavier. Produced by the band themselves and mixed by Beck’s longtime drummer Joey Waronker. The Motor City theme of this edition continues on the included 12-inch: the LP’s rare. The album introduced Marvin Gaye. Still. is well known for his work with a veritable encyclopedia of artists – both locally and internationally – such as Mya.’ muses Jesse. DC. original Detroit Mix. The Golden Age of Apocalypse. Bruner had never planned on releasing his own music. Federico Aubele. heavy to soft and pretty to ugly. His Flying Lotus-produced debut. INSIDE OF THIS SPACE. as Louis Armstrong once famously said. the original. which focuses on Marvin’s LP and post-LP Detroit recordings. futurist electronic strains and timeless musical seeking. BY COMBINING SOUND AND FORCE WITH WEIGHT. The first single off of Tamer Animals. with nary a saddle nor spur in sight. and a series of recordings (mostly instrumental) made in Detroit before Marvin followed Motown to Los Angeles. the groundbreaking concept work was recognized as a magnum opus. picking up where the pair left off on 2010’s Cosmogramma – further distilling the jazz current running through that landmark Lotus release. THE BASSNECTAR EXPERIENCE ENGULFS THE SENSES. Jr. to pianist Austin Peralta and his own Grammy-winning brother. The package also includes rare and unseen photography from throughout the recording process and the remarkable. Spanning the spectrum of sonic style. on vinyl for the first time. The Funk Ark From the Rooftops ESL MUSIC The Funk Ark is a world funk ensemble based in Washington. Thundercat) is accompanied by an impressive cast ranging from Erykah Badu to members of Sa-Ra and J*DaVeY. UNDERPINNING THE ALBUM’S RICH PALETTE OF SOUNDS IS THE BAND’S NATIVE DUST BOWL AUSTERITY: A STARK. to produce an unparalleled insight into Marvin’s showpiece. The group draws upon influences from the African. OK. the JB’s and the Fania Allstars simultaneously. and the result is a gritty and soulful mix of inspired afro-beat and big band funk.a. disregarding the rules. is ambitious in scope: densely textured and uncompromisingly sophisticated. ‘You go five miles outside Stillwater and it’s just untouched plains. sits Stillwater. several post-album outtakes. then Stephen Bruner’s bass is a mainline to the soul of a man whose DNA was transcribed from the stars onto staff paper. By Kaz Peet Other Lives Tamer Animals PLAY IT AGAIN SAM At the crossroads of US 177 and State Highway 51. For 12 has already gotten the thumbs up from Radiohead. It is like the next. an upbeat soul strutter powered by Bruner’s digitally-distorted plucks. Divergent Spectrum. A meditative act of artistic rebellion. battle like story. locations and times. There’s Walkin. There are raw. The group’s keyboardist and main songwriter. it traverses a mashed-up aural continuum that reaches from dark to light. BUT LISTENERS NEEDN’T WORRY. his lyrics. as raw as it is meticulous and as fierce as it is imaginary. ONE OF THE ALBUM’S MOST STUNNING MOMENTS ARRIVES WITH A SPACIOUS COVER OF GEORGE DUKE’S FOR LOVE I COME. Wayne Coyne of Flaming Lips and Bad Seed Jim Sciavunos among their burgeoning ranks of avid fans. Bruner (a. LA-based. includes a fullyremastered version of What’s Going On. BRINGING THIS STRING OF DIVINELY UNEXPECTED MOMENTS TO A MOODY AND CINEMATIC CLOSE IS RETURN TO THE JOURNEY. unexpected chapter of Beauty and the Beast. and exists as an open-sourced musical project that is as diverse as it is dogged. Delivering healthy doses of the sound. a timeless aural sublimity of The Great Plains of the Old West. Tamer Animals was written and recorded at Other Lives’s own studio over a period of sixteen months. This 40th anniversary edition couples the much-adored music with the wonders of modern day mastering. yet instantly appealing and alluringly mysterious. For 12 especially exemplifies the latter: its galloping rhythms conjure a feeling of uneasy expansiveness. There’s the ebullient Daylight. THE FUNK ARK IS YOUR NEW ONE-STOP SHOP FOR BOOTY-SHAKING VINTAGE GROOVES. YET COOLLY ELEGANT BEAUTY THAT MIRRORS THE LANDSCAPE SURROUNDING THEM. is no disappointment. From the first day of release. behind What’s Going On. but Other Lives’s music invokes everything from Phillip Glass’s dazzling minimalism to Morricone’s dark. and each song became a journey. Spanning a cosmic stew of players. The term ‘chamber-pop’ readily springs to mind.’ Marvin Gaye What’s Going On UNIVERSAL To celebrate the 40th anniversary of Marvin Gaye’s seminal Motown classic What’s Going On. This latest EP release. including original mono hit singles. . But Lotus spurred him on. wobbling basslines and hypnotic soundscapes.and Latin funk/dance music scenes of the 1960s and ‘70s. BRUNER SINGS. the company’s sexy prince. ‘no strings’ mix of the title track. snapping beats and warm bass. As always.k. Universal present this super deluxe edition. The set. epic sweep. The Golden Age of Apocalypse was years in the making even though. rejected.

Tennessee. He was named after his father. Scott-Heron sang in a roughly arresting voice that was once described as a mixture of ‘mahogany. and he was sent to live with his maternal grandmother. Gil Scott-Heron was born in Chicago on April 1st. The song went on to be covered./Because the revolution will not be televised. Small Talk at 125th and Lenox. On the recommendation of his high school English teacher. Lillie Scott. Gilbert Heron. Scott-Heron would credit his grandmother with being one of the primary influences on his life: ‘[She] raised me to not sit around and wait for people to guess what’s on your mind – I was gonna have to say it. a Jamaican who had settled in America. 1949. this time with a full band. a librarian and an accomplished singer. as head of the Impulse label. The Bottle and the anti-apartheid anthem Johannesburg. played football professionally for Celtic and Third Lanark. He enjoyed further chart success in 1976 with Johannesburg and. allied to the overtly political content of his work. his songs that rumble from deep within his soul will continue to incite and inspire generations of young people to take up the struggle from where he left off. turn on and cop out. YET HIS SPIRIT SHALL NEVER FADE! Gil Scott-Heron. Bobbie. Scott-Heron first came to attention with his 1970 recording The Revolution Will Not Be Televised. made him widely recognized as one of the Kaz Peet most inspirational figures of rap music and beyond. in Jackson./Skip out for beer during commercials. musician. poet and author whose writings and recordings provided a vivid – and often stinging – commentary on social injustice and the black American experience. It was there that he met Gil’s mother. and his political message. Over the course of 20 albums he produced a series of sardonic and biting commentaries on ghetto life and racial injustice. and he moved to New York to be reunited with his mother. who played on ScottHeron’s second album. who became a major influence. Scott-Heron’s music reflected something of the militancy and self-assertiveness of such theorists and polemicists as Malcolm X and Stokely Carmichael. there was a resurgence of interest in his work when he returned with his first studio album in 16 years. . rail-thin man with a wispy goatee beard and a countenance of prophetic gravity. who brought up her son on her own. in 1978. described it as ‘a voice like you would have for Shakespeare’. while working as a clerk at a dry cleaners. she bought him a second-hand piano from a local funeral parlor and introduced him to the writings of the Harlem Renaissance novelist and poet Langston Hughes./ You will not be able to lose yourself on skag and skip. songs such as Must Be Something and It’s Your World were moving affirmations of faith in the power of the human spirit.’ He preferred to call himself ‘a blues-ologist’. with the anti-drug song Angel Dust. flautist and Gil Scott-Heron: SOUL BROTHER SADLY PASSES AWAY. On graduation he published a second novel. you just get a lot of posturing. His declamatory singing style. In 2010.’ Written when Scott-Heron was just 18./You will not be able to plug in. The following year he recorded the song for a second time. aged 62. in the early ‘50s Gilbert Sr. earning the nickname ‘the Black Arrow’. Thiele released Small Talk at 125th and Lenox. would be a major influence on such groups as Public Enemy and NWA. When Gil was 12 his grandmother died. But anger was not the only color in Scott-Heron’s music palette. His parents separated when he was two. serving jail time for various offenses. had recorded such artists as John Coltrane. Gil won a scholarship to a private school. including Whitey’s On The Moon. The Nigger Factory (1971). Home Is Where The Hatred Is. I’m New Here. a compelling attack on the mindless and anesthetizing effects of the mass media. Gil ScottHeron’s legacy will survive his death. He said: ‘You don’t really see inside the person. a thriller about ghetto life. In his second year at university he was given leave of absence to write a novel. Pieces Of A Man. sampled and referenced in innumerable recordings. was a composer. The followup Pieces of Man brought him together (on record) for the first time with Brian Jackson. The bass player Ron Carter. sunshine and tears’. a live recording of one of ScottHeron’s club performances. Both a genius and a soldier. a keyboard-player. before returning to Chicago. about campus unrest. The Vulture (1970). He was soon approached by the jazz producer Bob Thiele who.’ composer who would become his main collaborator on nine albums. and a call to arms to the black community: ‘You will not be able to stay home brother. With mantra-like incessance. and a collection of poetry. and would lead to his being described as ‘the godfather of rap’. before going on to study at Lincoln University in Pennsylvania. it first appeared in the form of a spokenword recitation on his debut album Small Talk at 125th and Lenox.OBITUARY 45 Cultivating his interest in music and literature. but was to fall victim to drug abuse more than two decades later. His vocal style. who died on May 27th. Sonny Rollins and Dizzy Gillespie. where his prowess at football brought him to the attention of talent scouts from Scotland. It was a title that ScottHeron himself always deplored. A tall. for his seminal album Pieces of a Man. and one that always emphasized lyrical content over technique. as well as being the cowriter (with George David Weiss) of Louis Armstrong’s What a Wonderful World. Instead. the Ethical Culture Fieldston School.

I. Distribution Carlos Garcia Circulation Manager Advertisements: Jessica Telephone: +1-661-333 3151 E-mail: jessica@softsecrets. New York. et Editor in chief: Kristie Szalanski Contributors: Grubbycup. CA 90067 E-mail: usa@softsecrets. 2011 . Thousands of people were in attendance. Some Telephone: +1-310-488-1911 A word from the publisher: To the chagrin of the US Federal Government. Cannabis users are a menace to no one and are causing no discernible social problem. we can certainly understand how difficult the fight for LGBT rights can be. Usually presented in a very matter-of-fact. and throughout the path of the parade.magazinedistribution. the publisher hopes Soft Secrets will expose the positive aspects of the normalization of Cannabis use to the public. and it was one of the biggest parades of its kind. The editors take no responsibility for unsolicited submissions. The annual celebration commemorates riots that took place at a bar in Greenwich Village.Red. which resulted in a riot. Floats. That event and its repercussions are often credited with being a galvanizing force that helped by Grubbycup unite the LGBT movement into organizing. Actor Olympia Dukakis made a personal appearance in a classic car. Soft Secrets does not advocate breaking any laws. Editorial adress: E-mail: kristie@softsecrets. Whether they are finding their way to the local medical distribution point or growing for personal stash. Black leather. Now we must be patient and see how the debate develops during a period of relative peace between both Mountain High Paradise Seeds Pollinator Company Royal Queen Seeds As oft-marginalized as Cannabis users are. But I was in San Francisco. who had not planned on attending (and merely stumbled into the area) seemed far more amused than shocked by anything we saw. The publisher therefore distances himself explicitly from statements or images that might give the impression that an endorsement is being made for the illicit use or production of Cannabis. I couldn’t pass up the opportunity. each vying for attention. This year’s theme was ‘In Pride We Trust’. San Francisco held the 41st annual San Francisco Lesbian. I was trying to make my way across it to get to the HT Cannabis Cup. people stood three-deep or more to watch the festivities. The parade itself is a symbol of the success of that tolerance.N. Chaz Bono (formerly Chastity Bono. Soft Secrets forums operate under the assumption that the publisher does not necessarily agree with the views and opinions expressed in articles and advertisements therein. I hadn’t originally intended to go to the parade. In the meantime. these days the festival appeared to be more a demonstration of free speech – and as an excuse for outrageous outfits. the motorcycle club ‘Dykes on BIKES’ spearheaded the show. and even more non-users than ever. while go-go dancers of all sorts gyrated for the crowd. I had to at least stop and take a look. It looked like a lot of fun. Distribution by: P. the crowd seemed very wellbehaved. In spite of its somber inspiration. Even folks like myself. The Sativa Diva. Inc Century Park Plaza 1801 Century Park East. humorous or overly suggestive way. mayors and police chiefs – on a local level – now actively support a ‘compassion club’ distribution system as a way of separating recreational stoners from the people who legitimately need therapeutic help. Signs and flags proclaimed support for tolerSMILING PEOPLE IN BRIGHT COSTUMES ance. Bisexual. Gay. 24th floor / Suite 2400 Los Angeles. nudity was a common sight – despite not generally being tolerated in public. polite and a smorgasbord for people-watching. Overall. Federal or international. the sight of naked and semi-naked people appeared to have little adverse effect on the crowd. Peace. Kaz Peet. parents are Sonny and Cher) was this year’s celebrity Grand Marshal. love and puka shells. almost half of the states have embarked on a process of relative liberalization towards the use of Cannabis. purple corsets and rainbows galore passed by. Taxpayers are frustrated with funding the incarceration of first-time. O’Riodon. Churches marched in the parade. Some politicians. simultaneously decreasing the number of unnecessary arrests. Nothing from this publication may be copied or reproduced in any format without prior permission from the publisher and other copyright holders. Kali Mist. Buddy Kush. Grubbycup Gay Pride Parade in San Francisco While on my way to the Cannabis Cup. Colophon Page 1 40 16 2 4 19 25 43 28 48 40 43 8 1 43 1 43 47 43 35 11 1 32 35 Soft Secrets USA is published by Discover Publishers USA. welcoming all to their flocks.A. and is excited to offer a forum to both proand anti-legalization advocates. and the other a stark reminder of the intolerance and bigotry that still exists. As usual. The costumes ranged from sensual to absurd. are calling for the outright legalization of marijuana. but that didn’t seem like a bad thing. state-. On the 26th of June 2011. I thought it was GO-GO DANCING FLOAT a fun show with some underlying serious messages. The publisher is not responsible for the content and/or point of view of advertisements. whether local-. which was on the other side of the parade route from where I was. with a dash of Salvador Dali thrown in for good measure. and Cannabis activists are engaged in broadening this progression. I happened upon a parade. Transgender Pride Celebration.46 MARCHES & DEMOS / INDEX OF ADS / COLOFON Index of ads Name Advanced Seeds All American Healing Group Apothecary 420 Attitude the Attitude the Best Price Evaluations Dinafem Seeds Funky Skunk the Ganja Juice Green Door the Higher Level Hydroasis. On the one hand a playful celebration of sexuality. In 1969 police raided a bar named the ‘Stonewall Inn’. Sensible Seeds Serious Seeds Strain Genius Sweet Seeds Sweet Seeds Vapors SOME OUTFITS WERE MORE INTERESTING THAN OTHERS. cars and people on foot paraded in front of an admiring crowd. non-violent drug offenders (read: pot smokers) as well as the social toll that high numbers of imprisonment brings to some towns and neighborhoods. Cover Photo: Grubbycup Comic: oz. as suggestive REPRESENTED ALL TYPES. Soft Secrets USA #5/2011 out: October Intellibusiness Management Letgrow.

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