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ISSUE 4 2011
18+ For adults only. Soft Secrets is published six times a year by Discover Publishers USA, Inc.
In this issue:
THE WAR ON DRUGS HAS FAILED!
A report has just been issued by the Global Commission on Drug Policy, condemning the ineffective and often damaging policies implemented in the War on Drugs. What does this mean for our industry, and how can we move forward? ›› 5
A Cease-Fire in the Drug War?
Doesn’t it seem as if overnight, Cannabis has become socially acceptable in America? The Global Commission on Drug Policy has just released a report about the utter failure of the War on Drugs, despite the billions of dollars flushed through it over the years. HR 2306 could present the first-ever modern Federal legislation that would allow peace for the pot industry, since its criminalization in 1937. A mind-blowing documentary called What if Cannabis Cured Cancer is now sweeping the globe, allaying many of the fears regarding medicinal marijuana that plague the medical community – as well as vindicating the thousands of activists and proponents who have been shouting (at seemingly deaf ears) for decades about the merits of our beloved plant. It’s true. Cannabis is not that bad for you. If the product is grown organically and handled carefully, the consumption of the drug – even smoking it, although we cannot deny the dangers of smoking in general – is not physically addictive, and most of the negative consequences of its effects can be directly attributed to the shortcomings of the user. The punitive nature of America’s drug policies has done more harm than good in incarcerating first-time, non-violent individuals who, at worst, should be in drug treatment facilities. In moderation or clinical settings, Cannabis presents a therapeutic substance that treats more ailments than any other single drug in the history of medicine and should not be unjustly demonized. Allowing people to grow weed will not lead to the immediate collapse of human civilization, nor will it plunge our youth into the depths of depravity. We need education, quality control, safe access, protection for care-givers and patients; but mostly, we need to be TAXED so that cash can be put towards the necessary legislation, organizations and social programs. Sorry, drug dealers: we all know that if weed were ever legalized the price would drop. Why panic? It won’t drop that much, and if laws loosen, the groups of
ades about the freedoms lavished upon the smoking masses in this low-lying nation. Well, it’s all potentially about to crash and burn, as the Dutch government wants to issue marijuana membership cards to legal, tax-paying residents only, restricting their purchases to the one coffeeshop nearest to their house. At a maximum limit of three grams. Read on to find out how this might affect your next vacation.... Finally, no Drug War edition would be complete without a mention of Eddy Lepp. Perhaps one of the most famous Green Prisoners in the world, Eddy is
What if Cannabis Cured Cancer?
Simon, proprietor of Serious Seeds, explains how the Cannabis seed industry is even more susceptible to piracy than the music world, and what will happen if it’s not prevented. ›› 14
HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS The Devil’s Harvest Seed Company reveal their secrets of Cannabis seed feminization, why they do it and what the future holds for this Amsterdam label. ›› 20
people who secretly like Cannabis, but avoid it due to issues such as the fact that it’s still absurdly classed as Schedule I, will soon join the ranks of your customer lists. Demand will likely increase, and you can finally go legit! This issue of SSUSA presents a few different ramifications of the War on Drugs, including some of the international effects of bad drug stigma, such as the impending ‘Weed Pass’ in the Netherlands. You’ve all heard for dec-
hardly visible in the Cannabis press, despite his famous arrest and incarceration. Due to his contributions to the medical Cannabis community over the years, we felt that he deserved a ‘visit’. It’s ironic that some of the very pioneers who assisted in the liberalization of US pot laws are locked away and cannot enjoy the new freedom themselves. Things are looking up, folks; however, we’ve still got a long way to go towards complete legalization. How are you helping?
FROM THE EDITOR
Don’t see your company, product or techniques featured in the pages of SSUSA? Wish your activist organization could get a little free press? Contact us! Are you or is someone you know particularly gifted with a camera? Then why not submit your amateur photos to SSUSA? They could end up on the cover! Subject is of your choosing, and an emphasis on Cannabis is absolutely not necessary. Be as creative and expressive as possible, and you might just see your work on the front page, or within the next issue of Soft Secrets USA. Photographers will be credited for their work. Cannabis photos are rarely used for cover shots. Oh, and let’s keep it classy, people! Not into photography but still have an interesting talent or story? Contact us if you think you deserve a place in our publication. Feel free to let us know about new books, television and film projects; festivals, events and demonstrations, medical advances, green prisoners or even interesting companies who deserve a little support and media coverage. We love hemp, and are always happy to highlight the innovations that make this industry so exciting. We hope to hear from you. * Press concerns and photos (minimum resolution 300dpi @ 4x4 inches) may be emailed to Kristie@softsecrets.nl. * All submissions will be handled with discretion. Soft Secrets USA is not responsible for unsolicited submissions, either for graphics or text.
IN THIS ISSUE:
Cease-Fire in the Drug War? Page 3 Girl: Warlock The War on Drugs Has Failed! What if Cannabis Cured Cancer? HR 2306 Strain Awards Eddy Lepp Dutch Weed Pass Seed Piracy Hemp Kevlar How to Feminize Cannabis Didymium Glasses Mila’s Journey Rolling Papers Breeding Grubbycup’s Stash Pollinator Company HT Medical Cannabis Cup International Seed Market Thanks, Jacques Kalamata & Panama Red LED Trial: Critical Jack Male Cannabis Dangerous Pastry Royal Queen Seeds Hy’s Deli by oz. A Stoned Selection Gil Scott-Heron Gay Pride San Francisco Colophon 1 3 5 7 9 10 12 13 14 17 20 23 24 26 29 31 31 33 36 37 38 39 41 42 42 44 45 46 46 FROM THE EDITOR STRAIN REPORT LEGAL FILM REVIEW/MEDICINAL LEGAL STRAIN REPORT GREEN PRISONERS AMSTER-RANT
MADE IN HOLLAND
The Warlock was created in the early 1990s by Gerrit, the owner and breeder of Magus Genetics. Due to personal circumstances Gerrit was not able to continue his business and we from Serious Seeds decided to incorporate the strains of Magus Genetics into our program. The Warlock won the 3rd place at the High Times Cannabis Cup in 1997. Short and bushy during the vegetative period, it grows huge, compact buds with few leaves in flowering. Especially indoors the Warlock is a good yielder, with a harvest of 400-500g per square meter. The clear white pistils change to a tan/pinkish color when ripe. Warlock has a sweet smell with a tinge of sour, reminiscent of fresh fruits. The effect is felt very quickly after the toke and is a strong high, which is felt more in the head than in the body. Due to its high THC content, the Warlock has good medical qualities for pain relief and against insomnia. Name: Pedigree: Warlock Mostly indica (Skunk/Afghani x Afghani) Breeder: Gerrit from Magus Genetics Producer: Serious Seeds Height: Short and bushy Weight: Good yielder (400-500g/m2) Flowering Time: 55-60 days
HEMP INNOVATIONS GENETICS/BREEDING SERIOUS GARDENING FILM REVIEW HEMP INNOVATIONS ORGANIC CULTIVATION SHOP REVIEW, NL FESTIVALS & EXPOS GENETICS/BREEDING SMUGGLER’S TALES ENDANGERED STRAINS ORGANIC CULTIVATION BOTANY MEDICINAL PRODUCT FLASH COMIC MUSIC OBITUARY MARCHES & DEMOS FROM THE EDITOR
former Chairman of the US Federal Reserve and Economic Recovery Board and Kofi Annan. Mind you. Even though Portugal was able to show positive results over the last ten years. broadly generating an uproar from neighboring nations and international press.. reinforcing the apparent need to combat it by any means possible. Ernesto Zedillo. depression. to sum up. it is easy to spot the correlation between prohibition. History has shown this on numerous accounts. cocaine and opiate use have all increased over a ten year period (1998-2008) with a respective increase of 8.5%. neighboring countries were quick to paint gloomy pictures of the country’s future. If we are to look at relevant historical references. The results of prohibition remain the same today as they were then. it also affected white people by encouraging them to abandon their moral values. the Global Commission on Drug Policy has recognized the need to re-evaluate the international approach to drug use and production. governments worldwide have so far refused to adjust their approach. Despite this. given a bit of thought: to ‘End the criminalization. former President of Mexico. The war on Cannabis is the perfect example. the death of brain cells and mental disorders: these are some of the many scare tactics used over the decades to convince people of the dangers of drug-use. To give a concrete example. And yet nothing has really changed since the War on Drugs first started. Their conclusions are basic and most are obvious. increased use. the Commission has officially recognized the utter failure of the War on Drugs – as well as the devastating consequences it has had on society and its members. With no regulation whatsoever. Not only was this drug considered to be responsible for the moral depravity spreading through the US via foreign immigrants. A couple of countries decided upon new approach- DRUG PROMOTION (PHOTO BY MANTAS RUZVELTAS) es. In 2010. Portugal decriminalized the use of drugs. insecurity. With no other source of income. And who pays the price for all this? One simple answer: you and me. former Secretary General of the United Nations). sociologists – as well as the criminals involved. by the way – and to be promiscuous with black men.5 A REPORT FROM THE GLOBAL COMMISSION ON DRUG POLICY The War on Drugs Has Failed! Since the last hundred years. Buddy Kush When the decision was made to start an official war against the use of drugs back in the early 20th century. the taxpayers. not criminal offenses. to: IS IT THE CANNABIS OR THE PROPAGANDA CAUSING DEPRAVITY? (PHOTO BY KAT) . taxpayers pay the government to ultimately help the very criminals it claims to fight against. consumers also have to deal with insecurity in obtaining the drug. More exactly. However. governments continue to invest increasing amounts of funds into a losing battle. had published an article recognizing the failure of the War on Drugs and offering a set of principles and recommendations to efficiently tackle the issue. with budgets surpassing $40B a year in America alone. WAR ON DRUGS REPORT. 27% and 34. harsh repression and propaganda – as well as a recognized waste of taxpayers’ hard earned cash. Paul Volcker. marginalization and stigmatization of people who use drugs but who do no harm to others. Enter the Global Commission on Drug Policy Together with a group of illustrious commissioners (amongst whom were George Papandreou. the international approach to drugs has been one of intolerance. Prime Minister of Greece. everyone thought it would be for the best. Substances leading to violence. waves of propaganda and misinformation were very efficient in convincing the citizens of the risks these drugs brought to the established order and moral values of the new world. violations of those prohibitions are considered as administrative violations. high prices and no quality control – which can potentially lead to disastrous health issues. claiming it would see increased drug use amongst youth and become a drug user’s haven. In a publication released in the beginning of June 2011. Most of us with a basic understanding of market and social dynamics have known that it was an approach bound to fail. ANY means possible. but for a very few pioneers. The Financial Times estimated that the War on Drugs had far-surpassed the trillion-dollar mark.5%. ill health and criminality: the alcohol prohibition that took place in the 1920s. Cannabis. JUNE 2011 In their new report. This situation is one of which many are aware: politicians. the Global Commission on Drug Policy published data claiming that rather than dropping. after having consumed the drug. In the first week of June however. on the first of July. hard-drug use. economists. a part of the United Nations. it was also accused of causing depravity in white women who.’ Also. While drug use and possession are still legally prohibited. the government has to use taxation to finance its inefficient war. it was surprising to read that the Global Commission on Drug Policy. So.. 2001. other countries still stubbornly deny that a new approach is needed. Having heard of this decision. would start listening to the Devil’s music – which we now call ‘Jazz’.
check online at: http://www. socio-economic status or. but also give everyone the information necessary for them to be able to make an educated decision with regards to drug use. to keep all these facts in mind and to discuss the issue in its entirety to guarantee as smooth a transition as we can. However. Stop considering drug users criminals and offer them health and treatment services to those in need. Challenge misconceptions about drug users. plus medical-. The UN must provide leadership in global drug policy reform. Imagine how many people profit from the War on Drugs: the prison industry. create jobs and economic income and reduce health risks (with regard to altered substances).. we must also take other social repercussions into account. 9. decades’ worth of propaganda will have to be addressed before any truly unbiased conclusion can be reached. Countries continuing to invest heavily in law enforcement should focus on Conclusions Isn’t it amusing that these facts – which have been preached by activists for years – are finally being acknowledged now that a group of governmental celebrities is repeating them? Regardless. security firms. the number of drugs intercepted. 5. which can easily be applied given the extensive research done internationally by recognized authorities. adapt it – modify it to suit your needs.6 ‘encourage experimentation by governments with models of legal regulation. COMPARISON OF THE CANNABIS MARKETS IN FRANCE AND THE NETHERLANDS The Measure Themselves: In order to tackle this vast task. the ‘forbidden fruit’ effect. This would thereby limit drug use linked to external influences such DOES THIS MEAN I’LL GET MY CROP BACK? (PHOTO BY KAT) placed at the top.’ organized crime and traffickers.globalcommission ondrugs. while also eliminating the need for an illegal market in one fell swoop. Until this is done. 2. 3. 8. Establish better methods to measure the progress. Not only will economic interests shift – imagine what will happen to the paper-. allowing institutions to focus on drug use linked to larger social issues (childhood trauma. It is time for us to face the issue head-on and adapt. The necessary steps towards rectifying the situation will contain big challenges. as well as revenues that the government can then tax to finance rehabilitation centers. pharmaceutical companies. even today. There are a couple of notions that appear to be lacking. 11. There are exceptions though. despite certain shortcomings. judge the results and. To this end. if lacking. points six and seven). the drugs market. we can not only ensure that the misconceptions are dispersed. Encourage experimentation with regulation models designed to undermine organized crime and benefit the health and security of end users. If one looks at the current structure of drug trade/use. As many have said before. Spain and Portugal have done – has proven that a less repressive approach leads not only to lower drug use but also to less health issues linked to their consumption. we should discuss the possible creation of licenses allowing the production of these drugs. drug use in itself and drug dependency.] but first and foremost to begin the transformation of the “global drug prohibition regime” by replacing current measures with responsible policies and strategies built on facts and not on ideology and political convenience. Offer a wide and easily accessible range of options for treatment of drug dependence. forbid research into certain drugs. It is quite an accurate representation of the control each group has on the market. shared responsibility. neglect.org/report STIMULATING GOVERNMENTS TO EXPERIMENT WITH REGULATION AND DECRIMINALIZATION HAS PROVEN THAT A LESS REPRESSIVE APPROACH LEADS NOT ONLY TO LOWER DRUG USE. as peer pressure. This is why extensive efforts must be made to provide adequate resources for prevention – with a focus on the ‘sensitive’ social groups such as youths – as well as the developing of easy access to treatment for the people suffering from drug dependencies. society’s leaders) will actively need to take part in order to start rectifying generations’ worth of misinformation. It is essential to everything we do in life. small scale dealers come next. living conditions. considering the problem rationally (not emotionally) and learning from past mistakes is the key to moving things forward. social and cultural realities into consideration. they could potentially find themselves without employment. this publication has created waves throughout international press and has . textile-. 2. Policies should be a global. And indeed. the Commission has agreed upon a list of four principles and eleven recommendations they hope can help rectify the situation. BUT ALSO TO LESS HEALTH ISSUES the health sector. 10. This will create new jobs. to invest in drug prevention and drug education. law enforcement.. drug use will never cease. The day our approach to drugs evolves. Pursue an open debate and break through the taboo surrounding drugs. especially [with regards] to Cannabis’ and ‘offer health and treatment services to those in need. followed by larger scale dealers and organized crime forming the wide base. is not in any way a measure of success – especially when the consumption of said drug continues to rise. The Recommendations: 1. 4. Together with the necessary regulations and quality controls this could create a more secure.and construction industries the day hemp is fully legalized – but entire new markets will appear. it is time for the relevant institutions to face the facts. We must act now! A very good first step. involving all relevant parties (families. petrochemical. 7. because of certain countries which. all concerned parties (families. etc. Base drug policies on solid evidence. Base drug policies on human rights and public health principles. it can be summarized in a pyramidal structure with the end-user a continually repressive approach to dealers help in curbing consumption? Instead. there is no denying that. taking diverse political. law enforcement etc. health specialists. In this case. etc. naturally.) This seems a very commendable set of principles.) which truly do need attention. 6. Drug policies must be pursued in a comprehensive way. Develop new sentences for first-time/ small-scale dealers. You try an approach. prevention. Needless to say we’ll be doing our part. Switzerland. educational initiatives and so forth. with a special focus on youth. The War on Drugs has failed. To be Perfected… Stimulating governments to experiment with regulation and decriminalization – as countries such as the Netherlands. socialand political experiments done internationally. More than that. so long as a curious mind exists.e. What about you? For more information on the report. to focus repressive actions on violent criminal organizations[. thereby reducing the harms linked to the underground market. 4. It is therefore important to be critical.’ An ultimate goal is ‘to rethink the approach now in place with regards to people involved in the lower end of the illegal drug markets. 3. trustworthy means of distribution. the conclusions are as follows: The Principles: 1. Based on discussion. Invest more in evidence-based prevention. the control of the drug market and the funds it generates will remain as they are. How will really opened up the debate about our approach to drugs worldwide. however (i. Judging the success of the War on Drugs by the number of arrests made. Through open discussion and effective education. This dynamic will not change unless the legality of drug use and production in itself is revised.
circulatory-. If you haven’t seen this film. as well as virus-induced leukemia. plus a few others. makes ‘high’ come on faster but last less time. will burst.lenrichmondfilms. Apoptopic (hastens death of cancer cells). THIS DOCUMENTARY WILL BE ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT FILMS YOU EVER WATCH. known as endogenous cannabinoids. which protects the brain from infection and other harm. eat. neuroprotector. strongly inhibits tumor growth in leukemia and breast cancer. scientists claim that hemp was the first intentionally cultivated plant. Hard facts replace conjecture. or endoSativa Diva cannabinoids. then that’s definitely not true. where they can then destroy cancer cells in a carefully-guided attack. Due to the oily nature of the cannabinoids (the stuff that spreads all over your fingers when you handle buds) the compounds are easily able to slip between the two parts of the body. After millions of years of evolution (beginning with the humble sea squirt) humans have developed a sophisticated system of receptors – one of the densest of its type in the human body – specifically designed to accept the exact chemical compounds produced by the Cannabis plant. shielding healthy cells and inciting the ‘suicide’ of cancer cells. is responsible for modulating energy intake.DVD » www. the ECS regulates our moods. It is this action that takes place when certain cannabinoids pass into the brain. bronchial dilator.com Some important cannabinoid functions: THC: Mimics the body’s own ECS. Anti-metastatic (stops cancer’s ability to spread). ALL CANNABIS-BASED DRUGS HAD BEEN REMOVED FROM US PHARMACIES. scientific evidence that will only fail to silence opponents to medical marijuana if they choose to entirely ignore the research. Writer and director Len Richmond has stunned viewers with a masterpiece documenting the bio-chemistry of Cannabis: What if Cannabis Cured Cancer answers questions that viewers perhaps never thought to ask. CBD: Non-psychoactive. The documentary begins with a brief education on the ancient relationship between Cannabis and humans. reproductive. Many of its protective and therapeutic effects may be attributed to the ability of these substances to move freely through the ‘brain/blood barrier’.Color . However. THCV: Mostly in S.. but cannabinoids actually have a semi-protective effect on the body. Raphael Mechoulam. anti-depressant.. Type II diabetes. The endo-cannabinoid system. smell. Whether or not the above are true. has protective. anyone who has ever had an opinion about Cannabis must watch this film and truly become enlightened. Whether you ingest. smokers. Ever wondered why Cannabis gets you high? It’s no accident. . drink.DOCUMENTARY 7 What if Cannabis Cured Cancer? THIS MINDBLOWING FILM EXPLAINS HOW AND WHY WE GET HIGH FROM CANNABIS. Many people like to believe they truly ‘know everything there is to know about Cannabis’. Anti-proliferative (inhibits cell growth). effect and duration of each of your favorite strains. Most animals and other organisms also have cannabinoid receptors. Activists from within the community will rejoice: the merits of medbut extremely in-depth. Forget what? According to Dr. If Cannabis (and the drug compounds therein) is so dangerous. malignant tumors and bacterial infections. KURT CANNABIS (MALCOLM MCDOWELL) AND CONNIE CANCER (ROSEANNE BARR) LIGHTEN THE MOOD IN A SPECIAL COMEDY SHORT. In addition. such as ethno-botany. THC has also been medically-proven to slow the growth of breast. If nothing else. you will obtain the peace of mind that comes with certainty: everything we’ve been saying for years about the benefits of Cannabis has been true. Anthropological conjecture exists over whether Cannabis consumption somehow stimulated early human language skills. fights diabetes. forget and protect’. virus-induced leukemia. antiinflammatory. education into the physical workings of these substances. anti-epileptic. CBC: Found in extremely low levels. activists. forget. causing a shift from hunter/gatherer societies to static. and is now scientifically-proven. nutrient transport and metabolism. blends together to present the exact flavor. one cannot argue about the proven role and functions that cannabinoids (endogenous. Even if you already knew much of the information covered in What if Cannabis Cured Cancer. slows growth of lungand breast cancer. their original intent was to receive the same compounds when produced by the human body. anti-psychotic. preventative effect against malignant tumors. BY 1942. doctors. Anti-angiogenic (prevents fresh blood supply to tumors). smoke or vaporize it. Not only does smoking moderate amounts of weed NOT cause cancer. providing physical. the unique combination of these compounds. This means that our very most precious and essential systems are being aided in function and control by the ECS. Perhaps short-term memory isn’t such a bad thing after all. anxiolytic (anti-anxiety). including the nervous-. THESE FOUR CANNABINOIDS ARE CONSIDERED AMONG THE MOST IMPORTANT OF THE 400+ COMPOUNDS FOUND IN CANNABIS. we need our ECS for mechanisms that help us to ‘relax.and immune systems.’ It is a known fact that the lack of pain memory is one of the more important evolutionary aspects of our bodies.or herbal) have in the human body.Stereo . and storage. You read that correctly: human beings produce the endogenous version of the herbal cannabinoids responsible for the myriad effects brought about by the consumption of weed. the man who discovered THC in 1964. Naysayers. encourages cancer cell death. doubters. CANNABIS PHARMACEUTICALS PRESENT A LESS-TOXIC ALTERNATIVE FOR INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE ALREADY ILL. but research diverges here as the functions sometimes differ between species. agrarian ones. Cannabinoid impact on cancer: Seeking out cancer cells and preferentially killing them. then why do we produce nearly atomically-twin substances that our body requires to survive? According to Di Marzo (1998). or we. be assured that your education will still have been expanded through the watching of this astonishing film. in other realms. affects the impact of THC. and this is especially important for brain cancer patients. or ECS. CBN: Primary product of THC degradation. AND WHY WE SHOULD CONTINUE TO DO SO FOR THE SAKE OF THE HUMAN RACE. growers. sedative. fights LEN RICHMOND HAS STUNNED VIEWERS WITH A MASTERPIECE DOCUMENTING THE BIO-CHEMISTRY OF CANNABIS: WHAT IF CANNABIS CURED CANCER ANSWERS QUESTIONS THAT VIEWERS PERHAPS NEVER THOUGHT TO ASK ical Cannabis are explained empirically. ‘We need to have a way to One of the reasons that Cannabis does not physically addict is because of our ECS – our bodies recognize cannabinoids. Written and directed by Len Richmond Narrated by Peter Coyote Edited by Massimo Mazzucco Running Time: 60 minutes . may act as anti-depressant.and lung cancer tumors. presenting a quick. anti-inflammatory. African/Thai strains. sleep.
Dr. and is unlikely to pass committee. Ron Paul is known for his na issues. Nevertheless. having signed the Industrial Hemp Farming Act of 2009 (HR1866 2009-H1866) to ‘grant each state regulating authority for the growing and processing of industrial hemp. the popular liberal. Steve Cohen (Tenn. and it is true that on many issues their views are entirely unaligned. FOR THE 4TH DISTRICT OF MASSACHUSETTS and Frank continue their liaisons in the future and that Dr. FOR TEXAS’S 14TH DISTRICT ground in marijuana campaigning and a consistent pro-hemp voting record. Barney Frank. BOTH RON PAUL AND BARNEY FRANK HAVE A STRONG BACKGROUND IN PROHEMP AND MARIJUANA CAMPAIGNING. his interest in pro-marijuana legislation apparently extends beyond the hypothetical: Paul has even promoted the cause of industrial hemp in the past. His stance is informed by a long belief in the states’ ability to govern themselves. When it comes to marijuana. AS WAS EFFECTIVELY THE CASE PRIOR TO 1937 As a staunch supporter of small government. and perhaps a few more Congressional Representatives will stop and think for a moment longer when considering HR 2306. It is to be hoped that Congressmen Paul good chance of this bill getting at least a little floor time. Jared Polis (Colo. sale and taxation of Cannabis would be wholly regulated by state authorities. Although the bill is sure to be opposed by many. The expectation is that the excessive levels of criminality involved in the Cannabis industry will decrease with the more favorable legislation and regulations many states have already begun to implement. and de facto leader of the libertarian Tea Party movement. as was effectively the case prior to 1937. and as a 2012 Presidential hopeful. continued prohibition of Cannabis should be acknowledged as pointless outspoken criticism of US monetary.. While previous proposed bills have sought to limit Federal control or legalize certain aspects of marijuana or hemp. Many more moderate Republicans seek to distance themselves from him. It comes at a very relevant time – just after the Global Commission on Drug Policy released statements to the effect that the War on Drugs has so far been a failure. it is a positive step in the continuing effort to raise awareness in political circles. Much has been made of the so-called ‘unlikely’ partnership between Ron Paul and Barney Frank. but also the level of his enthusiasm and commitment to the cause. was proposed to Congress by Ron Paul (R.LEGISLATION 9 HR 2306: Ending Federal Marijuana Prohibition Act of 2011 A MAJOR SHIFT IN THE APPROACH TO US MARIJUANA LEGISLATION.and foreign policies. and was re-proposed in 2009. REPUBLICAN HOUSE REP. However. all such publicity is good publicity for the Cannabis cause. showing not only the level to which this elder statesman is informed. The bill is being publicized using the decades-old but still effective argument: that prohibition of alcohol had negative effects so severe it was quickly deemed unworkable – and for the same reasons. With levels of public interest remaining high. Production. and in 2008 proposed the Personal Use HOUSE REP. It seeks to remove marijuana regulation from the jurisdiction of the Federal government and hand it back to the state. On June 23rd. only to die again. Mass. and as such is a milestone in the saga of Cannabis politics. with its bi-partisan authorship.) and Barbara Lee (Calif. has attracted significant media attention. with trafficking offenses remaining under Federal jurisdiction. but despite (or perhaps due to) his apparent eccentricity he enjoys a wide following. Paul would remain so emphatically in favor of pro-marijuana legislation – were his presidential campaign to prove successful. Barney Frank (D. sell and smoke marijuana – where it is not prohibited by state law – would no longer be committing a Federal offense.). The legislation would limit Federal interference in marijuana law enforcement to cross-border or inter-state smuggling. The bill’s authors do however stress that it is ‘not a legalization bill’. of Marijuana by Responsible Adults Act (HR 5843) which initially died in committee. and thus Ron Paul has lent his name to an otherwise all-Democrat proposition. Paul is no stranger to controversy. Such bi-partisan arrangements – while not uncommon – are likely to attract more attention in the media. all cynicism aside. vote.). it’s clear there is yet another subject upon which they agree – and have done for some time. this is the first that seeks to entirely remove Federal control (at least within state boundaries). Republican Congressman for Texas’s 14th District. this bill could be deemed a well-timed move to guarantee media coverage and increased support from a wider demographic.. they have teamed up in the past to campaign for reductions in military spending. Democratic House Representative of the 4th District of Massachusetts– the second openly gay member of the House of Representatives – also has a strong backit was the first that sought to remove marijuana legislation from the Federal level – but limited to personal amounts. Texas). let alone the House. So. it seems that the link between these two very different politicians is not so tenuous after all. there is a RON PAUL HAS LENT HIS NAME TO AN OTHERWISE ALL-DEMOCRAT PROPOSITION and damaging to society. Federal raids on dispensaries would no longer occur as citizens invoking their right to cultivate. contrary to many of the more sensationalist reports appearing in By Kali Mist the initial days following the announcement. 2011 the bi-partisan bill.). .’ Frank also authored the State’s Right to Medical Marijuana Act in 2001.). DEMOCRATIC RON PAUL. Frustration that people are being wrongly-deprived of medical marijuana due to outdated and restrictive laws is a sentiment strongly echoed in several of Paul’s previous statements. it would be contradictory to his stance to condone Federal control over most everyday aspects of life. and four further democrats: Reps. However. This bill was each time co-sponsored and supported by Ron Paul. a strong dislike of the ‘nanny state’ – and belief in self-determination and our inherent freedom to decide what to put into our bodies.. and was in itself remarkable in that HR 2306 SEEKS TO REMOVE MARIJUANA REGULATION FROM THE JURISDICTION OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND HAND IT BACK TO THE STATE. Presidential candidate. John Conyers (Mich. HR 2306.. HR 2306. despite not always agreeing on matters of policy. He has a proven record over the past few years on pro-marijua- BARNEY FRANK. as well as to campaign in favor of online gambling within the US. and that nations should begin reviewing current drug policy with a possible view to eventual legalization.
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CA until his conviction and sentencing in 2008. my friend. read. and smoking marijuana helped.” To learn more about Eddy’s case and those of other Green Prisoners. my strength.” The Church made charitable donations to the local poor. but artificial lighting is much more expensive than using natural sunlight. Arrested in California. In March they were still being planted. I have kept my word as Jah did for me. helping.” When asked about his first wife Linda. discuss making provisions for large scale licensed indoor cultivation. Eddy’s congregation was comprised of cancer patients. but did not mitigate his sentence. “Life in prison is very boring.” Irrigated by a drip system with overhead misters. many of them are wonderful people and we would all be better off with many of them home with their families. “At his memorial his doctor told me I added several months to his life by having him smoke marijuana. He became involved with helping people connect with safe access to medical Cannabis after his father was diagnosed with cancer. Linda passed away shortly before Eddy was arrested. and again forced Eddy to watch a loved one suffer.” Cannabis has been illegal in California for less than 100 years. and pressure from citizens to restore that freedom to the citizenry is mounting. and offered a way for people to obtain medical islation allowing some local use of marijuana rises. the legalized extortion of money that the insurance and pharmaceutical companies are allowed to enjoy in this “We started in December with plants going into the ground. a belief that we could help ourselves and others without help or aid from the government. His garden was operated in compliance with California State law. highlighting the problems related to using only traditional cancer treatments. She was a healer and was able to help many people. The guys I am in here with. She was special. Judge Marilyn Patel noted the ten-year mandatory minimum was excessive. She was my ‘Little Bitty Pretty One. Eddy is housed at Lompoc Federal Prison Camp in California. “I believe they have already lost the fight but.” There are six-and-a-half more years remaining in Eddy’s sentence. write. at some point the Federal government should accept the will of the citizens.Green-Aid. and an appeal is in process. Growing Cannabis “THE WAR ON DRUGS HAS FAILED!” 5 “ONE MORE WAY THAT HEMP PLASTIC COULD SAVE OUR LIVES” 17 “HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS” 20 .” Eddy eventually remarried. When she developed cancer.” country means they “are really no worse than the rest of Corporate America. it is only a matter of time. such as Oakland.” Time goes slowly for imprisoned Eddy. In a democracy. The illness made eating difficult for his father. A Rastafari minister. Grubbycup Linda developed thyroid cancer. but in conflict with Federal law.” Cannabis without paying black market prices or contributing to the cash flow of underworld smugglers. indoors allows for increased security and seasonal flexibility.’” Rev. It began with FDR and has resulted in the loss of our greatest asset: the great American farmer. Eddy contends that the religious use of Cannabis is nothing new: “It is the main ingredient in the holy anointing oil in the Bible.. I am most definitely a political prisoner. She was one of the kindest souls I have ever met and just about all who knew her will testify to that.. She goes to many events and never tires of telling the world of our FIGHT FOR JUSTICE.com. Even while Eddy is serving out his sentence for similar activities. Most dispensaries charge $15-$25 a gram for medical marijuana. my partner. especially the closer relationships you will have with the ‘most high’ as you understand it. I [play] Bocci. Eddy inhabited the gray area between what states claim to be the rights of its citizens to seek non-pharmaceutical relief. which we proved (in spite of where I am) that we could do. According to Eddy. “Either you never met her or you loved her.” The Church was “loved and wellreceived. Current prescription costs are beyond the financial grasp of many. I am never closer to Jah as when I use the Sacred Herb.12 GREEN PRISONERS POLITICAL PRISONER AND ACTIVIST EDDY LEPP TALKS WITH SOFT SECRETS USA Eddy Lepp Speaks Eddy Lepp owned and operated Eddy’s Medicinal Gardens in Lake County. THROUGH THE CHURCH THE COST WAS ABOUT A DOLLAR A GRAM. and using natural and organic nutrients. Peace. they are still striking out at everyone in their death throes. as a rattlesnake with a broken back. the will of the majority of the population should determine the direction of government. love and puka shells. 25 acres of land were held by the Church for use by the congregation. We were still planting as late as May or June. and sadly as a nation. There is little to do and less to care about. the re-legalization movement seems to be making progress. Through the Church the cost was about a dollar a gram. ‘Eddy’s Medicinal Gardens and MultiDenominational Chapel of Cannabis and Rastafari’ was a dream. Big business is killing this country. after the loss of his first wife. If you try and work hard enough they will all come TRUE. follow your dreams. There are eight million people without health insurance in California. Eddy explains. visit » www. If the big business and the banks aren’t brought to heel soon. he “made a promise to Jah (God) that in exchange for spiritual strength for his wife. “From what I understand they are all indoors and that makes them cost prohibitive. and medical care charges more to private citizens than it does to insurance companies. I fear for our future as a world power. Grubbycup awaiting appeal. Today. versus the overseeing Federal government’s more restrictive stance. If you believe in something. AIDS patients and other medical users seeking to grow their own medicinal Cannabis – and Rastafarian sacrament. to a woman whom he says “is the love of my life. As the number of states where democratically-passed leg- MOST DISPENSARIES CHARGE $15-$25 A GRAM FOR MEDICAL MARIJUANA. Eddy advises to get the most out of Cannabis: “Go slow and enjoy the benefits. California cities. “I broke no laws in the state of California. he would devote the rest of [his] life to helping people and telling them about the Sacred Plant.” Sadly.
’ They’ve just cut the police force. but not so harshly. you’ll have buy from your nearest coffeeshop. This is a mistake of Himalayan proportions and experts have told them so. after all the ID checks. but discriminatory and a denial of people’s rights. As a result of all the busts. This is the same justice department that carries out more telephone taps than any other country in the world. if France can come up with something positive. because the card is not valid anywhere else. who until now have been the bad guys with their relentless persecution of the Cannabis user. This could be a law within six months. What if this information falls into the wrong hands? It could have far-reaching effects: denial of auto insurance. prices have been rising steadily. then fight about it with the European Parliament later. tax paying resident. friendly city. then you’re out of luck… unless you have a ‘wietby O’Riodon pas’ (weed pass). if you’re lucky you might find something good and buy the maximum allowance – three whole grams! ONLY LEGAL. but the government in The Hague is not listening. are suddenly looking at it in a favorable light. It is believed the government All this is happening in a time when the French. Now. negatively impact a job application or a custody hearing. When the Minister of Justice was asked about the increase in street dealing that would follow such a move. This is a moment for some clear-headed thinking and an admission that recreational wants to push the price to over thirty dollars a gram and then tax it. as I write this. has been wrestling with the ‘Cannabis problem’ since they first got together in their grubby little pact. why can’t Holland? So. a tradition as Dutch as tulips and cheese. and tourists were ripped off all the time. they realized it was an opportunity to do the same in Holland. so why don’t politicians get it? It makes me wonder if there isn’t some ulterior motive. RESIDENT TAX-PAYERS WILL BE ELIGIBLE FOR THE DUTCH GEDOOGKABINET (TOLERANCE CABINET) THE NEW CARD – EFFECTIVELY PRIVATE MEMBERSHIP. To close THIS TINY CARD COULD INCITE A HUGE UPROAR. they would prefer a more liberal approach. the Dutch government is busy banging another nail into the coffin of Cannabis tourism. After that. (PHOTO: MARCEL VAN HOORN) them to visitors is not only stupid. an unelected coalition of tight-assed racists and poker-faced deniers. Fortunately there are number of groups challenging the law on the grounds of discrimination (which is against a current EEC law). The city of Amsterdam is against the plan and a number of other cities in Holland have also expressed doubts. There have been rumors of a rather cynical plan that would explain the continuing onslaught on the growers. tourists will potentially only be able to access the passes from their hotel reception or doormen. So much for free choice. Sure. In order to get a pass you have to register your name. when we had lots of bad drugs and violence on the streets.and personal details. address and social security number. has put forth a proposal to bring Cannabis under the same law that governs tobacco. In a brain-churning stroke of ostrich politics. The public know this. his reply was simply. Well. Yes. Amsterdam is a clean. but the Minister of Justice is just pig-headed enough to try and push it through. THEN YOU’RE OUT OF LUCK… UNLESS YOU HAVE A ‘WIETPAS’ (WEED PASS) coffeeshops. you have finally been issued with a weed pass and you need a smoke. They wished Cannabis didn’t exist. they want to turn our coffeeshops into private clubs. they will just have to buy off the street.AMSTERRANT 13 Dutch Weed Pass: THANK YOU. This is sending us back to the ‘80s. This government. They have decided they don’t want your dollars any more and the next time you visit Europe they’d prefer if you went elsewhere to smoke your dope. an ex-cabinet minister. folks. PLEASE DON’T COME AGAIN Well. also. champagne corks are already popping. Unfortunately you can only get one of these if you’re a legal. private companies now deal with a large part of the busts. etc. A Monsieur Valiant. Whereas the US system is run by medical practitioners. bringing in enough revenue to kick-start the economy. When medical marijuana became big news in the States. with a few changes. the move will expand an already huge black market. Meanwhile in the criminal world. He suggests the government should set aside a hundred thousand acres and start major cultivation. it is the police who serve the warrant and make the arrest. Importers and non-licensed growers would still be prosecuted. because they will have everybody’s bank. This is dangerous territory and infringes upon our human rights. but it doesn’t stop there. or. off limits to you and all other visitors to Holland. SHOULD YOU VISIT AMSTERDAM AND WANT TO BUY SOME WEED. along with all the weirdos who smoke it. ours will be run by the justice department and they will want everybody’s name and number. In their war on the growers. should you come to visit the fair city of Amsterdam and want to buy some weed. Weed may be ‘legal’ in the do. but then private enterprise takes over.. ‘the police will deal with it. the pass is only valid in the coffeeshop nearest to where you live. whether it’s good or bad. probably involving money. Quality will go down and there is the added opportunity to get involved in a violent street crime. but a hundred mature plants can get you a 10K fine and the chance of a life-changing experience. but we Cannabis use poses no threat whatsoever to society. visited by millions of people and (according to the statistics) a quarter of them will safely visit a coffeeshop. despite all the advice to the contrary. Then the highly-taxed product would be sold in local tobacconists. They even know when you buy and how much because payment must be done with a bank card – no more cash. but the government will not listen. Today. The new weed pass will fit very well into their plan. .
I was a grower back then. Prada and branded cigarettes that are being faked and pirated. I also get emails regularly from people ‘I bought these AK seeds from this shop – are they real?’ Sometimes they are and sometimes they’re not. They pay for all those people who parasitize on them. when you had Skunk and Northern Lights already and in Amsterdam there were shops with seeds with those names way cheaper than the original. lots of times you will find what you get is not what you anticipated. We have a list of legit sites. but not the full labeling. are among the worst hit by this scurrilous activity. But as with the rest of the ‘Net. People can ask whether shops not on the list are real or not. Today. They can make lawsuits and all the rest. so we go very far with our customer service. said ‘hey man. He used to buy Serious Seeds from us. So the fact that nobody does it is already pointing in that direction. Very little. but I don’t think it is. It’s a widespread thing. OSB – a shop from Canada. but I don’t visit forums a lot so can’t say where for sure. ‘No. you’re obviously selling seeds as if they were Serious’ – and he didn’t even bother to deny it. they can call and check ‘is this a good one or not?’ It’s all to protect the end customer. especially when you are operating internationally. They build pirate websites.14 INTERVIEW Pirates of the High Seeds The Internet has been a huge boon for growers around the world. The ‘Net. old-school seed breeder extraordinaire and owner of Serious Seeds. and blah blah blah. Lots of people are trying to parasitize on the popularity of certain names. but in our business we are far more limited. So you can see that they take over good ideas. I’m getting complaints here and they’re not getting Serious Seeds from you. Nobody else is doing it. We guarantee this. So 80 Euros (ca. If they buy seeds and they have a bad experience – even if they fucked up themselves – we give them new seeds. the Cannabis seed business is a victim of the ease with which ideas can be ripped off and copied. Serious Seeds is the only company as far as I know who individually number each seed package. cyber-squatters and pirates. The packaging was sort of mine. Its sort of ‘upper-middle class’. whose award-winning household names. it seems. We want them to have a good experience with our seeds. People know that. selling the seeds as if they are real. Growers are basically victims. How much are pirates typically making on ripped off seeds? How much cheaper are generic seeds compared to branded AK-47 seeds from you? AK-47 is not the most expensive seed but it is certainly not a cheap one either. and it filters back to me. and from the type of the complaint it was clear that these were not Serious Seeds they were getting. The names and intellectual property of well-known quality weed strains are being increasingly ripped off too – but without the protection in law granted to legitimate businesses. There are also Black Lists too. This is only because of this problem. If you’re buying seeds off the Internet by name. According to him he wasn’t doing anything wrong. And that is interesting enough for pirates to want to copy. So would you like to see or would you advise other companies to be as careful as Serious in documenting and labeling their varieties? Copying what you’re doing? You can see that the main interest of establishing companies is still making money. but not totally. People ‘buy’ something by credit card and never get anything. it’s not just Chanel. especially the Spanish companies. especially those who are not in the position of being able to browse real-life shops for their growing needs. takes the whole back cover of the High Times for an advertisement. they come to buy our WHITE RUSSIAN IS ONE OF THE MANY LEGENDARY STRAINS CREATED BY SERIOUS SEEDS . It’s very widespread. let’s say. It is a lot of hassle to do it: checking numbers. The idea usually is just to sell them and wash your hands [of it].’ I said. and I’m not here to advise other companies. The days of popping over to Amsterdam or asking a friend to send or bring some back are over. He’s been operating for a couple of years. basically. such as Bubblegum and AK-47. $115) for 11 seeds. His first line of argument was that he had to deal with possible complaints. Are there independent websites where growers can discuss among themselves which seeds or sellers are legit. But we have done it since Day One. and we By Jules Marshall operate in a world that is not really protected like regular companies are. and only if they’re really lucky do they get the real thing. But at some point we got a couple of complaints very close to each other from their customers. We are also the only company that guarantees our seeds – to protect the customer. sometimes not selling anything at all. it may sound like a trivial thing. Simon: Yes. Basically: ‘What do you care? If they have complaints I have to face them. it’s written about in forums and so on. And with virtually no chance of them being caught. fielding complaints. If they’re lucky they get bogus seeds. although I can’t remember where I saw them. So I called the shop. SSUSA spoke to Simon. I started to sell the seed tubes and now almost everybody is doing it. is a haven for fly-by-night merchants. It has happened already that companies copy the packaging too. Serious Seeds has a shop list of legitimate shops on its website which sell the real thing. you’re making money while giving us a bad name. talked to the owner. and now he was selling his own seeds as if they were Serious. yep. So pirates have been there from the start – because it’s lucrative. which websites are not to be trusted? I have seen such sites. I don’t know exactly how other companies deal with complaints. When did you first become aware of this problem with piracy? Before I had started my own business. right to the last detail. Soft Secrets: You were talking about ripping off the names of weed strains. He had been selling our seeds for a while. and we keep a database of that. I’ll give you an example of one case – Ontario Seed Bank.
maybe find out what was going on through your personal networks and had a bit more control. and it’s not permitted to mention all the awards the strain has won. That is my main concern. selling them under their own name. Luckily I found out right away. Nirvana started selling AK-47 until I spotted this at a Cannabis Cup a few years ago and said ‘What the AK-47 IS PROBABLY THE MOST COPIED NAME IN THE BUSINESS fuck is this? You’re using my name. this is seldom copied. they’re all bought from a big producer – and guess what? They started selling seeds which are originally Serious names: Bubblegum. So you have to be on the lookout even here in Amsterdam. and the rogue site is attracting attention away from the original site. Olé 47. and are registered in Canada. The coffeeshops that are buying them. What you also see is people start a website and start selling seeds. They all seem like equals in the booklet but I see them as copies and in my opinion. theirs are legal and ours is not. I went along with the name changes by Nirvana. where you treat the marihuana industry like any other branch of the agricultural industry. So there you have it. If something just reminds you of AK-47.15 decides: that’s what I want. then it’s OK by me. it’s back to the old Caveat Emptor – buyer beware. they agreed to stop using my names. White Label seeds and others but there are still a lot of companies selling AK-47 at some point. I guess when the seeds business was mostly confined to Amsterdam or Holland. Oké 47. not really living up to the original. Or so I hope. because they think it’s funny. they don’t know enough about erate action against Serious Seeds. which is fine. he’s doing it with other companies too. I mean. you could put out inquires. That is also difficult: people who did not lift a finger to make seeds themselves – they have no clue how much time it takes. you don’t want to moan about it all the time. with complete documentation from seed to consumer. so they don’t appreciate the problem. Several coffeeshops in Amsterdam are starting to sell seeds under their own name. But when you see them all printed together it looks like they are all in the same league. So just pinching your names and sticking them on their own seeds? Yep. there’s a lot to say about this subject. So what should growers do to safeguard their choice of seeds? Another thing you see is… Paradise Seeds contacted me – no I contacted them. There have been cases and law suits about names already. THEY PAY FOR ALL THOSE PEOPLE WHO PARASITIZE ON THEM. All we can do is try to protect our interests and name as best we can. goes to the shop and asks for AK-47. and since it was not a delibAs a variant. Kaya 47. seeds. not your copies. They sell seeds of course. let alone internationally. AK-47 is probably the most copied name in the business. they are not in the business and know no better. right next to my entry is an AK-48. Unlike the name of the seeds. It’s happening in Holland. I guess one answer is to do something like they’re starting to set up in America. and you also find out what the packaging looks like. If those two are matched. and they did: to AK-48! The best thing is to check which company has made the seeds. but in European courts they have a hard time not to burst out laughing. nl. variations on names is common throughout the industry. Also. So now there are coffeeshops or grow shops and bars or whatever. that’s one way. From customers I know. Especially when all you can have printed is the name and flowering time. But what is the difference to this and if Mr. Armageddon 47 and Jack 47. but it is also good for the end customer.com. but with the Internet it’s almost impossible.’ Finally they understood my point. they just start selling seeds with somebody else’s name. that he shouldn’t be confused with names that are the same or similar and he’s not getting what he wanted. AK-47 as if it’s completely normal. They’re even harder to track down. All copies of the original AK-47. look at the website of the company to see if it is a legit shop. After my intervention they changed the name to something referring to or close to AK-47. when he smokes alone or with friends some AK-47. There is. Like that it is clear that they were derived from AK-47. But my concern is that the customer. and after three months shut the whole business down and start a new thing. Yes. My names are protected in Benelux. To take part under those conditions is just degrading to the original and to my company. That’s how weird it can get. to name only a few. So a customer has to not just look at the name but also look at the company who is producing it. They are offered seeds under these names and they buy them and sell them. a Jack 47. and is still doing it. It’s all about money. There are seeds called OK-57. don’t just go by the name. .’ He thought it was perfectly fine to do that. but there is no danger of confusion with the original. Before they buy their seeds. It means when I pay for an ad in a booklet or guide or whatever. but you have to pay a lot of money for such protection. so I think we have a responsibility to warn them. Chronic – popular names. You have to stop immediately. Now it is all about big companies in Spain growing massive amounts of seeds and selling to everyone. AK-74. ultimately. nonpoisonous product. But it’s very hard to find out who’s behind it. Like I said. then the chances of success are greater. Sensi Seeds and so on. this issue. Heineken was there or a cigarette company? I tell you what the difference is: we’re dealing with a very relaxed. because they pay the price. GROWERS ARE BASICALLY VICTIMS. I found out a couple of months ago that nowadays… this business started with small seed companies. Their website is called paradiseseeds. and at some point Wow. and someone else started a site called paradiseseeds. A company in Amsterdam – Spliff – just started selling Bubblegum. to make them realize that this is going on. You have to look at all these things to boost your chance of success. while they are selling really dangerous drugs – except. a couple of years ago. They look very similar but are not. Nirvana promised they’d change the name.
One More Way That Hemp Plastic Could Save Our Lives THE KEVLAR FIBER IN ITS However. Kevlar is generally expensive to produce due to the fact that concentrated sulfuric acid is costly. upon repeated heating. prices remain high. we even use them as armor. we must find sustainable and environmentally acceptable alternatives soon. or poly(p-phenyleneterephtalamide). When spun. so while it is possible to import hemp longed heat. the ‘bast’ fibers of the hemp plant) is mixed with a resin. A further disadvantage is its low resistance to sunlight and tendency to degrade under UV light.and vehicle armor to cover ropes. synthetic plastics became the standard. or organic plant-based resins to form a wholly ‘natural’ plastic. KEVLAR HAS MANY USES – AS SEEN HERE WITH THESE FIRE-STICK WICKS. With time. There’s no escaping them in modern life – we wear them. but if reheated retain their characteristics and cannot be remolded. and are the best-known current application of body. yarns and fibers. in the form of Kevlar and other similar technologies. (© HENRY HEATLY) DUE TO ITS FIRE-PROOF NATURE. it was while attempting to develop a strong. The resulting ultra-thin. Some of them are capable of withstanding intense and proKevlar. that does not break in the way that nylon and other synthetic fibers do – due to strong. which cause them to form ring-like structures. materials and products. more and more sectors of industry will become aware of the advantages of hemp plastic. as well as heat-containing linings for aircraft. as the multinationals have been demonstrating for years. and dangerous to work with in an industrial setting. SHOWING THE INTERLINKED POLYMER RINGS (© BEN MILLS EPHEMERONIUM) “With plastic waste choking the oceans. (© PHIDAUEX) . supplies inconsistent and public awareness minimal. such as unsaturated polyester. and further research was undertaken immediately. which was revolutionary in the world of polymer research at that time. is a synthetic ‘para-aramid’ polyamide fiber developed and patented by DuPont in 1965. These fibers. and rapidly became seen as indispensable. where a reinforcing fiber (in this case. all of which show remarkable resistance to tearing and cutting as well as to fire and heavy impacts. The new fiber had astonishing potential as a substitute for steel and more. Plastics formed in this way can be thermoplastic (i. Their characteristics depend on the resin used. this produces a fiber. Kevlar is also very stable in extremes of temperature – especially sub-zero levels – and has very low thermal conductivity. The most significant developments have arguably been in the field of composite plastics. But there is only so much the planet can stand – and with plastic waste choking the oceans. cables. There are now several grades of Kevlar on offer in the form of various papers. light material (to be used as a substitute for steel in racing tires) that researchers found that in a solution of concentrated sulfuric acid. and research into further potential uses is picking up pace in many countries of the world. mean- KEVLAR HAS A VERY HIGH TENSILE STRENGTH-TO-WEIGHT RATIO. eco-friendly ethics are becoming the safest choice for companies wishing to maintain their profit margins. around five times stronger than steel. In the USA. but more importantly. Aramids are the class of highstrength. fly in them. they can be molded and remolded into shapes that will be retained when cooled) or thermosetting. Even the biggest global businesses are beginning to recognize the potential for bio-plastics. there’s no way we can get rid of them any time soon. and it is much easier to slap a patent on a synthetic product than one based on plants growing abundantly in nature. ultra-strong Kevlar fiber can be woven to produce textiles.HEMPTECH 17 by Kali Mist Bullet-proof: Plastics are everywhere. Without a return to a vastly simpler existence. brake linings and sporting equipment.e. there is a huge amount of money to be made in plastics. not all possibilities are being as explored as they should. weblike inter-molecular bonds between the polymer chains. due to a combination of inter-related factors – domestic hemp production remains illegal. trees and soil. the more we at SSUSA feel we are doing something to assist their efforts. advances in hemp plastic have meant that a wide selection of products is now available. or layered with resin and thermoset to form composite plastics. Furthermore. the monomers 1. acrylic and carbon fiber are common examples. and with every new piece of research a new incentive emerges for others to join in the movement. drive in them. severe impacts and exposure to extremely corrosive or harmful chemicals. para-aramids have the best strength-to-weight ratio of them all. walk on them. the propensity for ‘aromatic stacking interactions’ gives the fiber incredible strength and consistency: this UNPROCESSED STATE (©CJP24) A DIAGRAM OF THE MOLECULAR STRUCTURE OF KEVLAR. the fiber used to provide strength and durability.” Over the last decade or so. These have a number of uses extending beyond the original use in car tires. But the small number of innovative organizations out there that are investing heavily into hemp research is slowly growing. meaning that it is an excellent insulator and can be used in fire-proof clothing. The latter type of plastics is formed at high temperatures. we must find sustainable and environmentally acceptable alternatives soon. The more publicity that we can bring to these innovative hemp researchers. Due to their versatile nature. cylindrical shape – somewhat like a stack of coins. Even though the very first plastics were of organic origin. However. is the tendency for said polymer rings to respond to molecular forces during processing and grow in an even. MAKING IT IDEAL FOR USES SUCH AS THIS SAILCLOTH. trees and soil.4-phenylene-diamine and terephthaloyl chloride take on a polymerized liquid crystal form. but the impetus needs to increase still further before we see universal uptake of sustainable technologies. are usually created in the laboratory in the form of synthetic polymers – nylon. highly heat-resistant synthetic polymers mostly developed for military and aerospace applications. and with consumer awareness at an all-time high. when not sourced from organic materials (such as hemp or flax).
While clothing based upon hemp is still expensive. and the closer we look at natural composites. The fire-resistant nature of many hemp fibers and fiber composites also makes them particularly strong potential candidates for substitution of Kevlar when used for manufacture of protective clothing for firemen – and other fire-proof items such as fireeaters sticks.22 and a . It is produced by washing the hemp fiber in a ‘patented enzymatic bath’. and is also being trialled in modern Thailand as a low-cost alternative to standard bulletproof clothing for police. the potential for hemp in such a massive sector of industry simply cannot be ignored. and it is clear there is much still to be done before hemp products replace Kevlar and other environmentally-damaging plastics. Costs of such discreet bullet-proof clothing. is useful in extremes of temperature. Therefore. packaging. The fact that the industry is worth so much money is in itself significant in that there is almost unlimited funding available from the top multinationals for research and development. as well as body armor and even powerboat hulls. and are likely channeling further capital into R & D. is not actively researching bullet-proof clothing themselves. fast-growing and (usually) cheap. as well as manufacture of weaponry and defensive items. as well as comparing to or out-performing silk in many aspects. hemp can do just as well. These jackets still represent a significant advance in hemp fiber research – and demonstrate major potential for the future. a . the fiber demonstrates many of the necessary characteristics. which increases its softness and suppleness. very good strength-to-weight ratio. often ‘disposable’. than current industry standard materials – and not just Kevlar but also glass. While remarkably strong in itself.357 Magnum. The Amsterdam company HempWorks has an in-house clothing label. who offer a level II-A bulletproof men’s jacket.” resistance and tensile strength ten times that of steel. Hemp composites have been shown to be equally strong. hemp plastics offer a cheaper and more sustainable option. and high durability (as well as an almost silk-like texture when woven into textiles). and in this manner can be used to make lightweight. The fiber can also be used as a basis for composite plastics. as it appears to be even stronger and lighter. “While it is possible to import hemp materials and products.18 HEMP HOODLAMB’S BULLET-PROOF MEN’S JACKET (© GABE MCINTYRE) ing that additional protective measures are often needed. The question now is. However. which produces a toxic dust. Chrysler and Mercedes are all using hemp plastic as we speak. it’s only right that we actually give them a reason for hating. tested with shots different areas of industry: construction. At least one treated hempfiber product is already available. Hemp is abundant. and hemp fiber technology still has a little catching up to do. STRENGTH-TO-WEIGHT RATIO AND IS AN IDEAL SUBSTITUTE FOR KEVLAR IN MANY APPLICATIONS. who will be the next industry giant to take up the challenge of making hemp economically viable? Certain stalwarts of the plastics industry would do well to pay attention to the growing hype around hemp. Kevlar is used here. it is competitive. Hemp Hoodlamb. such as those made from Kevlar. discreet items of clothing that are not apparently armored that demonstrates remarkable tensile strength. these spiders are rare.and carbonreinforced composites (which are currently used in pretty much everything you or I own). (© JI-ELLE) used in US research into Kevlar alternatives. and it would be expected that costs will continue to fall as the industry continues to pick up pace. much research has gone into the field of thermosetting composites. Crailar. replacing Kevlar with hemp composite plastic would reduce the cost by a factor of around fifteen. However. IF NOT BETTER. so as a sustainable option it is clearly favorable. However. Many of these everyday plastics have a truly terrible environmental track record – they require lengthy. Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology are even investigating the potential to create electricity-generating clothing by interweaving zinc oxide nanowires between the Kevlar fibers. such as those from projectiles. hazardous and often costly production processes. In the automobile industry in general (but especially in Europe where there is a long tradition of hemp cultivation. Although the company behind Crailar. Since their discovery in the 19th century. The silk of a particular Black Widow spider is even being fired from a Glock 9mm. There are countless different applications. a reasonable level of protection against handguns for an urban or police application. fashion and jewelery. But it seems that everything Kevlar can do. ironically. and are filling up landfills and the ocean everywhere one looks with harmful detritus that will never decompose. supplies inconsistent and public awareness minimal. HEMP FIBER HAS A COMPARABLE. seeking alternatives to these current standards is imperative. even those based upon traditional plastics. are mostly non-biodegradable. The Kevlar fiber can also be woven into textiles. Lower-cost alternatives for Kevlar are constantly being sought. and in many cases stronger. and silk farming in general is often less than eco-friendly. in brake pads. In at least one of its uses. more relaxed laws and a much cheaper and more consistent supply) hemp plastic and fiber products are increasingly known and used. the more necessary it seems to make them the norm – and fast! While most lovers of Cannabis have no desire to see the plant used for military or law-enforcement purposes. can easily run into the hundreds or thousands of dollars. sports equipment. These textiles are used in a wide variety of protective or industrial clothing due to their fire and chemical-resistant properties. Naturally Advanced Technologies. It would be most fitting if a hemp-based plastic could knock DuPont’s product off the top spot. prices remain high. Car companies such as Honda. and due to the thermo-regulating properties of hemp. so is obviously more suitable for an urban setting than for high-risk police work or warfare. This discreet item has a fairly low protection rating due to the thin layer of polymer textile over the standard shell of the jacket. and maybe better. the raw hemp fibers can also be treated in various ways to alter the characteristics of the finished fiber. Interestingly. vehicles. such products are neither well-known nor widely-available. silk itself was used in some of the earliest bullet-proof vests. and thus are useful in manufacture of lightweight materials that can be used as automobile paneling (also for armored vehicles). the silk vests tested so far have reached up to level III-A. as a more benign alternative to asbestos. Given the rabid hostility demonstrated by DuPont towards the innocent hemp plant since the 1930s. Hempreinforced plastics can have an impact but are capable of protecting against otherwise highly dangerous impacts. in innumerable .
AFTER A FEW WEEKS.20 MADE IN HOLLAND How to Feminize Cannabis: MAKE HER AN HONEST WOMAN THE PLANTS ARE TRIGGERED INTO FLOWER AND SPRAYED SEVERAL TIMES. . Photos: DHSC THE FLOWERS/HERMIES BEGIN TO SHOW. SEEN HERE IN THE STRAWBERRY SOUR DIESEL.
Amsterdam is known for having a really good source of tap water. Outdoor growers get the benefit of maximized space. but we provide it with some guanos and some of these basic. rather than the same. “As soon as we make seeds. They were generous enough to share their company secrets and explain how they got started. we give them all the stresses to cause an onset of hermaphroditism. that’s your choice as a customer. So we’re trying to provide the market with what the demand is. the plants have fully-induced into flower. too. and we’ll use up to six liters of a mixed STS formula. simple as that.” The process “We select between four and six plants. why they do it and how their genetics are received Sativa Diva around the world. Basically. so I know why people who are just starting need feminized seeds: lack of space. because we want to provide good seeds. We use 600w HPS “One 600w HPS is used over each meter. then we spray them again – typically over six plants. we use what works. depending on what we’re doing and how big the plants are. but it works. and we grow typically between 12 and 20 plants in six. we spray them a third time with a very heavy dosage. if you want to do refrigerated storage that’s your decision. it’s more about safety than anything. however. One half of the company explains: solve all their problems. THE PRE-FLOWERING FEMALES ARE IMPREGNATED. So how do the DHSC combat hermaphroditism? “By selection of good clones that originally have been around here so long – long before feminized seeds – and they were grown from original genetics. HEALTHY. On that three-week period. Why feminized? Feminized strains are a hot topic of debate in the Cannabis industry. but we don’t do that because if we refrigerate them and there’s a power outage. we don’t want to have leaks and we don’t trust taps and stoppers and all that. we dry them out and we grow them in the pre-flower. then they’ve got traits in there that we don’t like to find. a soil and worm casting mix with good nutrients. the best medium. relatively new faces on the Amsterdam seed scene. And even when we do test we still don’t know. the DHSC found that. That. the STS method seems to be the most successful one in the industry. for indoor growers. We don’t use RO water because we don’t stay in these places too long. it appears to be the favorite.to eleven liter pots.” While checking out a variety of feminization techniques. VIABLE SEEDS. that we won’t cause hermaphrodites. The water in Amsterdam is really good anyway – I think if you look up tap waters around the world. MAKING FEMINIZED SEEDS. we keep them at room temperature and when you get them it’s up to you to wake up the seeds. with our feminized technique. When they’re sprayed. others fear that they may be creating ‘zombie weed’ due to their unnatural origin.” Genetics are not the only concern: the quality of a person’s grow room helps to insure either success or failure. “Some of the genetics that we have aren’t suited to be feminized because they PRE-VEGGED FEMALE CLONES ARE INTRODUCED TO THE HERMAPHRODITE/SPRAYED PLANTS. So. and we take them into the room and introduce them to the hermaphrodite/sprayed plants. new flavors every few months. So what makes a seed company decide to take the leap into the feminized realm? For the DHSC. and then we spray them again with the same dosage. and then we begin to see the onset of hermaphrodites starting to occur. LEDs just don’t work: this is seed production. “through trial and error. “I started with feminized in my early days of growing. Giving it everything we can. and we allow the female plants to finish their flowering period with plenty of breathing room. solid shell on your seed. as a basic grow setup) with light leaks. dark place. We provide them to certain growers to test. “From that point we take female clones that have already been pre-vegged. Also.21 In issue #3 of SSUSA. it just allows you to grow something once. we’ll use about four liters of distilled water (with STS formula mixed in). they grow them out and each grower will give us feedback. seven days from that point. and they test them for us straight away. Some argue that they’re the best thing to happen to both small growers and those with huge plots of land to cover. organic composts to allow it to naturally grow. Five to six days afterward (depending on the strain and the quickness of flower) we spray it again with about three-and-a-half to four liters of distilled water mixed with STS formula. to give you a harder. to see if any will turn. “We’re using an organic mix. lights. WELL-GROWN PLANTS WILL PRODUCE STRONG. we allow the hormones to trigger. When the release of pollen occurs. the DHSC explain how they utilize the STS method (Silver Thiosulfate) to produce feminized Cannabis genetics. depending on the efforts of the grower. But you realize when growing with feminized that they don’t help you to develop your skills. It’s complicated. In computer terms: garbage in. It just isn’t 100% safe for us. “We remove the STS-sprayed plants after seven weeks of flowering.” The testing process is mandatory for any seed producer wishing to survive in this industry.” STS is a compound often found in photography labs. And on that. For this reason the DHSC attempts to produce their seeds carefully and in good conditions. and the new female plants that have just started their pre-flower accept that pollen and. thus. dry. We use grow tents. out of all the thousands of seeds. with spraying them and leaving them out exposed to 24 hours of light while they should be in flower. in another two weeks – so that would be five weeks of the hermaphrodite plants flowering – they release pollen. they don’t have to maintain a library. it was the seemingly overnight demand for and rampant popularity of these ‘all-female’ seeds. providing everything that’s good for it: all of the best nutrients we can. Until they come up with a new invention we won’t use anything else. “We’re not saying it’s 100% until we test. it works. So we hope from that. once we spray. five milliliters to every one liter of distilled water. that’s how we do it. which will repress certain traits. we give them a 15-minute break period. Basically. It seems to be the most reliable. HERMIES ARE REMOVED TO ALLOW THE FEMALES SPACE TO FINISH FLOWERING. the benefit is not having to keep a collection of mothers and clones – and constant storage. WHEN POLLEN IS RELEASED. and we take them from a vegetative state into the flowering cycle. for three to five years if in an air-tight container. boring flavor for the next 12 months. This will also affect the quality of seeds. If any do. we believe that if you want to store your seeds in the refrigerator for long-term. It’s about giving you really good seeds that will last long-term in storage. We treat it as though we were flowering the weed. “The third reason: just because it was a new thing that everyone thought would “Then. “Our seeds are stored at room temperature for preservation. “We also know from experience that it’s better to store them at room temperature in a cool. as seed producers. the silver in which ‘locks out’ the copper in plants. we stress them (in one room. and it’s all about timing. Then. and to recreate something new every three months. and the onset of flowering will begin. . inhibiting it causes ‘ethylene signaling’. LATER. so we know 100% that they aren’t selected clones from a feminized plant (these are real mother plants with no [hermaphrodite] traits existent in them already). we introduced you to the Devil’s Harvest Seed Company. such as gender expression. When you put them in storage for long periods you can put them in the fridge. CAREFUL SELECTION OF TRULY FEMALE CLONES WILL HELP TO GUARANTEE SUCCESS IN THE SEED-MAKING PROCESS. was not the only reason. but it isn’t recommended for us to do it because of the large volume we have. For us. we lose our entire batch of seeds. It’s kept refrigerated. which is fucking hard. Fifteen minute break. and from talking to many people who make feminized seeds. When we trigger them under 12 hours of light. we spray them while they’re in their dark period with a heavy dose of STS formula. garbage out. Because copper is a required micronutrient. if any one of them will produce a hermaphrodite. make feminized seeds. Hermaphrodites Mixed-gender plants can ruin entire grow rooms. In this issue. We don’t do it for flavor.
“We’re crossing it with everything we have right now. as well as potentially contaminating your growing/flowering space. I think it’s too dangerous to give to people because we have sprayed it with silver. Part of the key to their success is keeping an eye on the international market and understanding the differing needs of growers around the world.” for us to do it here. but we’re also going to make crosses of it to preserve the genetic. so we’re trying to bring every available clone that is popular in Amsterdam. but they’re not feminized. when the troops inhale it.com » devilsharvestinfo@gmail. we still provide as well as we possibly can. he tells me to just print ‘$$$$$$$$’] Retirement! To keep developing and looking for new strains and to outsource strains in different countries. The older. and release it with the feminized label. it’s the same as in rocket launchers. You’re at no The company’s tendency to produce heavy-hitting. Being an Amsterdam seed company helps to set us apart: ‘they’ are there. The more of a challenge it becomes. And again. THEY GROW THEM OUT AND EACH GROWER WILL GIVE US FEEDBACK. “When we find something that is ‘our’ flavor – and our flavor is our flavor. We have our genetics that North Americans crave for over there. “We’re aiming towards America and Canada. they’re more legal in Canada than they are in the US. However. so we have to make S1s to keep the original genetic alive.” ONE WOULD AVOID HAVING IN ONE’S GROW ROOM. Otherwise. But that can change very fast. more so than the European market.and feminized versions is no accident. “Canadians kind of learned their old school growing from the Dutch. is something with a really good flavor. plus a full coverall suit. But we’re also working on making S1 seeds with it. because that stuff.” Although they’re a relatively new company. who ended up with Veteran’s Disease. “It won’t. “It is definitely not good for our health. as the two remind us. but it’s because of the popularity of the strain. it’s very difficult for us to resource everything.” It’s this kind of open market that will help to ensure that certain.. A question that frequently arises when debating the matter is whether people or the plants themselves are harmed as a result. and we’re trying to bring it to them. If we had a legal way of doing it. potentially causing the loss of the rent payment for months to come. we’d be able to do it even better. SUCH AS THIS SUPER SILVER HAZE.. we do take precautions against things like that. AND THEY’RE KEEPING THE GENETICS ALIVE MUCH MORE THAN WE ARE OVER HERE are doing it just to make money and just spraying every plant. beloved strains don’t become extinct. The demand goes both ways. It’s not for amateurs and it’s definitely not to be left around for kids to play with. So. we haven’t tested them in outdoor regions enough to know the results of where they are best suited. We hope that the hermaphrodites are a very minimal problem.” . the better. and we are here. number one is the flavor. I don’t think it’s good for anyone. That’s what gets our interest going. But it’s the production process that’s a dangerous step – there are dangers that just aren’t good for your health. You have to remember that these are serious chemicals – you must be a licensed company to buy these chemicals. the DHSC have one simple criterion: they select what they like to smoke. the exposure doesn’t end there. The DHSC warns: “It’s definitely dangerous to your own health.” USUALLY. The ingestion of silver through smoking. This is the guys standing next to the rocket launchers all day. ciated with the production of feminized seeds should be more worrying. however be in the seeds any more. It doesn’t really matter to us about the yield or how it’s grown. but due to legal reasons we cannot directly sell there at present. Typically.” When choosing strains for feminization.to four weeks of drying. In the future we aim to make [our seeds] available to North Americans as much as they’re making their strains available to us. this is where it started and this is where it ends. The lads suggest keeping an eye out for their Shoreline. it’s the only way we can bring it to seed. The DHSC have proven that they can adapt to the ever-changing demands of the Cannabis industry. That defines us: we’re restricted in such a way that some of America has more freedom than we do right now.” After two. it leaves rusty-colored spots on your skin that can stay there for a couple of days. ‘cause it’s an original genetic. it’s not and it’s in fact frowned upon – very hard for us to do. it would only end for us.com On Being A Dutch Seed Co. we’re so new that we haven’t even found the region that is most popular for outdoor growing with our seeds. THE DHSC ARE FEMINIZING ALL OF THEIR FAVORITE CLONES FROM THE SMOKE INDUSTRY IN A ‘PREGNANT’ FEMALE FLOWER AMSTERDAM.” That’s probably sound advice regarding much of the things one would find in a grow room. the Canadian growing style is very similar to ours over here. but that doesn’t mean that everyone in the industry is being so careful. However. AND THEY TEST THEM FOR US STRAIGHT AWAY. and they’re keeping the genetics alive much more than we are over here. despite knowing it’s a contaminated product? Not the DHSC: “I don’t use that stuff afterward. It’s all about safety. “At the moment. No matter where So.” Currently. the major difference between some American growers and us in Europe is that they’re doing it legally and we’re doing it illegally. You have to know what you’re doing. and the more interesting it can be. even though we’re restricted with our resources here in Amsterdam.22 do have hermaphrodite traits. It’s mainly based for indoor growing. the DHSC enjoys a primarily European customer-base. We need to keep it going. So. the seeds should be safe. The North Americans are still into the old way of weed goes in the world. they hope to change this soon. it doesn’t mean it’s everyone’s flavor – we go with it. After that we get to know the strains and how difficult they can be. A willingness to pursue new customers in new regions also helps to keep growers interested. or. once they’ve dried out. But we love doing what we do and that’s why we keep doing it. The silver that’s exposed. and when you breathe it in. “At the moment.. We’re currently researching into old-school genetics and old strains. and goggles. They do more groundwork. but the DHSC varieties are definitely recognizable around town. rather than going for the hype of the new ones that are available now. However. What happens to the sprayed buds? Don’t many people secretly sell them off or smoke them any- risk at this stage. they were coming up with all these sicknesses. especially with all the genetic experimentation going on these days.” Health concerns Hermaphrodites are one issue. interesting varieties in regular. The two explain that “the American market is still open to regular [non-feminized] seeds. they’re using those seeds to sell and telling you that they’re feminized. it can bleach your skin. what does the future hold for DHSC? “A million dollars [big stoner laugh. so we wear breathing masks and rubber gloves. We are looking into older generations. We’re also trying to get genetics from over there and bring them to people over here. They are really good lookingseeds. “The DHSC is going fully-feminized this year. MALES AND HERMIES ARE PLANTS THAT “WE PROVIDE [OUR SEEDS] TO CERTAIN GROWERS TO TEST. so the Army have records of people breathing this stuff in (the silver thiosulfate).” Photos by DHSC » www. but I think it all comes back to Amsterdam. but other people doing it. That’s a really good thing. They can do things there that we can’t over here. If the spray gets on your hands. Even though you may think it’s legal in the Netherlands. There’s no parentage left for it to breed any more. the more fun it is.thedevilsharvestseeds. the health concerns asso- way. We’re trying to do this as correctly and safely as possible. “We need to go backwards to go forwards. It’s not legal THE NORTH AMERICANS ARE STILL INTO THE OLD WAY OF DOING IT.
Much of the green light is not absorbed by plants. Of this HID group. Some people compare exposure to snow blindness. They produce light from tiny semiconductor chips. Fortunately. as long as you are not staring directly at them – your blink reflex will limit your exposure as you work around them. HIGH PRESSURE SODIUM LIGHT WASHES OUT COLORS. Whether you are a professional. because they give off cancer causing UV-B rays. Vegetate using full spectrum 6500K bulbs for the blue spectrum. make sure you TURN THEM OFF when working around them. Get some polarized lenses to reduce glare or a pair of rose-colored didymium glasses to see the true color of your plants as they flower in the warm light. so be careful with how close these lights are to your plants. There are four major modern lighting groups. called ‘didymium’. lamps. They have purplish-pink lenses and start at around thirty dollars. more than any other. These tubes have a phosphor coating that emits visible light as electricity excites the mercury vapor contained inside. These lights have a profound physiological and psychological effect from wavelength energy penetrating the skin and acting at the molecular level. A mix of three or four 3000K for a nice red spectrum to one 6500K will provide a modest yet wonderful harvest of medicinal delight. These lights will either need to be turned off. Too much of the red spectrum during this early growth phase can cause internodal stretching. but growing vegetatively under them will cause serious stretching. This eye-wear allows you to see the true color of your plants and spot nutrient issues several days before they would be obvious to naked eyes. imbedded in a plastic housing. Even for supplemental lighting they are marginal at best. These red spectra are what plants utilize for flowering. Three years ago I would have said. yellow-orange light is not damaging to the eyes unless you look right at it. at the very least. Just as fluorescent bulbs are now available with increased UV-B radiation. MH is traditionally used for vegetation. wait till the technology advances. Wear the proper eye protection. Some people believe that – with their power consumption up to half that of an HID and a much lower heat signature – not only do they compare. UV lenses are available from clear to Limo. at the foothills of the Himalaya range. visible and infrared spectra. These different lights give off a diverse spectrum of visible and non-visible electromagnetic radiation. The first to be developed was the incandescent bulb. These lights were banned in the US in 2008 and will be in 2015 by the EU. novice. young or old.to eight millimeters in circumference. LEDs will be as well. The second lighting groups are Low Intensity Discharge. at this point. LEDs are. two are most commonly used in growing: metal halide (MH) and high-pressure sodium (HPS). At one time they were only available as such. HPS lights can produce large and delicious flowers. This changes how colors appear – and can even F. Just like the sun. The third group creates light by an electric arc in short tubes filled with various gasses and mineral salts. As these lights become more specialized the spectra available will increase. and keep the lights within a few inches during their lifetime. While these lights do produce ultraviolet radiation. the quality is greatly improved. giving off a light similar to sunshine. Luckily. Fluorescent bulbs are much more efficient than incandescent ones and are an excellent choice for growing. This blue spectrum. with a lumen output that is small – compared to the wattage they consume. save your money. and there is eye-wear that eliminates those orange spectra. so that you can see your future grow. or. The light at this altitude contains a larger amount of UV-B rays. most of us will develop cataracts. and there have been several studies showing that THC levels in particular strains increased in direct correlation to UV-B light. commonly known as fluorescent. or LEDs. In a hydroponic system or in soil. Now I would say: make sure your purchase is from a reputable company. in most. promotes chlorophyll production. Take care of yourself. if you spend a brief or extended time under the lights. The fourth and final of the lighting groups is the Light Emitting Diodes. so they appear that color. 23 Mercury vapor (MV) is last type of highpressure light used in growing. comparable to fluorescents and are on their way to challenge HID supremacy. and are usually from three. protecting your eyes is important. The only reasonable application for these lights would be using green ones for allowing you to work in a flowering room during its dark cycle. The intensity of your lights/ lumens they produce also play a large factor in the penetration of your leaf canopy and density of the buds you produce. the amount is trivial. Fluorescent bulbs can also be used for flowering as long as you do not grow the plants over two feet tall by completion. The reason some growers would choose a potentially dangerous light has to do with the historical origins of Cannabis in the Parvati Valley. some growers feel that even though flowering under them does not produce the quantity. full-spectrum lights help eliminate these concerns. These glasses. Didymium Glasses LIFE THROUGH ROSECOLORED LENSES Growing indoors requires various types of lights. they have never been practical for flowering. An eight-hour exposure would be equivalent to a minute under the mid-day sun. The greater health concern is exposure for long periods under cool white fluorescents. LEDs can produce light across the ultraviolet. special clothing and eye protection ought to be worn around them. If you decide to use mercury vapor lights for supplemental lighting. The bright. While these bulbs have faithfully lit our nights for over a hundred years. they also give off a good amount of ultra-violet (UV) radiation. This THC production in the plants may be acting as a photo-protector (like melanin does in humans) dissipating the harmful rays. This basically means they are pretty safe.ADVANCED INDOOR GROWING The lighting you choose depends on your purpose. were developed a generation ago by Aura Lens and are distributed by great glass suppliers like ABR Imagery. There is no reason to speed up the process. but it can be uncomfortable and makes it impossible to see colors accurately. All of these lights give off some serious heat energy. which become electrified into plasma. These lights are known as High Intensity Discharge DIDYMIUM GLASSES HIGH PRESSURE SODIUM THROUGH DIDYMIUM GLASSES . so wear sunglasses with UV protection whenever you are working around them. If we live long enough. as not all LED panels are equal. now there are some crossover bulbs having more of each other’s spectra. there is no worry of interrupting photo-periodic response. Plants in a vegetative cycle thrive under a blue spectrum. the sodium flare produced by these lights is similar to the ones that glass blowers make working with borosilicate.Red pose a health hazard to unprotected eyes. but they are better for small space and stealth room applications. Most LED lights are classed as ‘one’ or ‘two’ under the laser safety guide for maximum permissible exposure. this few day heads-up could save your crop.
Kink 22. about to embark. When you begin watching Mila’s Journey. after learning about it through devouring philosophy texts in her publisher aunt’s French home. MILA IS A FAMOUS FEMALE AT THE TOP OF THE CANNABIS INDUSTRY – WHAT SOME CALL “A MAN’S WORLD”. You could go. Freedom meant that anyone could go anywhere and do anything they wanted. then from Leh to Lamayuru.com/milasjourney RE-CONNECTING WITH THE LOCAL MONKS – SOME RECEIVED PHOTOS OF LIVING FOR MONTHS IN ROUGH CONDITIONS CREATED A FAMILIAL BOND BETWEEN MILA AND TASHI. as she needed a break from the Dutch Police.. I think. “Everything was controlled in the West. as well as having a peek into the history of a part of the world responsible for some of the most amazing hashish ever. determined to capture the majesty and nature of the Himalayas and its people. interesting and different world out there. The possibilities were limitless. their captivating footage presents a time capsule.” Besides that. acceptance and loss. with Henk Koster (where she also acted in the film De Verloedering van de Swieps [The Whipping Cream Hero].anecdote-films.. “I’ve stood at several points. Rinku Kalsy and Christina Jansen » www. where they encountered a visit from the Dalai Lama. deporting foreigners across the Belgian border. For this reason. the film also represents a different time. it was back to Manali via Zanskar. which has drawn millions of pilgrims since that time. She recalls that. spirituality. “But we never sold anything there. For Mila. quick to share a beaming smile with the camera. but Mila and Hans pressed on. naive to their own uniqueness. which is debated as the first-ever ‘coffeeshop’ in Amsterdam. do or think. love.. one that has been lost in the shuffle of modern progress. After running an extremely successful tailored clothing boutique. something magical starts to happen. alone or with friends and family. It was 1976 and they were on a threemonth voyage.” The ability to travel was indeed lucky for her. Since 1994. the phenomenon of ‘dropping out’ held less of the negative stigma that it does today. Whether you know Mila or not. Especially in the Netherlands. The desire to experience India first-hand overwhelmed the wish to stay (and put up with the cops). Tashi – a young Tibetan whom they had met in the Manali Bazaar. Upon her return to this verdant land. It’s not simply the rolling green hills or craggy mountaintops.. exploration. due to being some of the first Westerners to pass through this rough terrain. which allow each of us to find something of ourselves in the story. trekking from Manali all the way to Leh. which ultimately led Mila back Sativa Diva home to Amsterdam. Tired and suffering from the elevation. proprietor of the Hemp Hotel and Pollinator Company in Amsterdam. RECENTLY CLEANED AND DIGITIZED. quite a small country. He had heard about her place (and the fact that hitchhikers could sleep upstairs) while traveling – in Afghanistan! For the first time ever. at the time. and unfortunately no longer exists. and sometimes even encouraged to do so. That freedom was what drew Mila back to the spiritual center of Hinduism. a move that incensed Dutch citizens. her voyage is an amazing experience to behold and it’s difficult not to get as excited about the trip as if you were. in one short generation. she encounters trash-filled rivers (once sacred). You know about her products. It is really a special feeling to be back here again. In fact. with my arms as wide as I could stretch. in an attempt to reconnect with her 1970s guide. It would be a combination of this police harassment – as well as stories of “India live” that were recounted by the latest traveler to patronize her tea house – that would impel her to seek a life of less restriction.24 FILM REVIEW Mila points out a virtue of travel: “You can create a situation where there’s space for yourself. she’s been helping us all to make super-clean. I didn’t like that. young people were excited about exploring the vast. family. Mila opened her own ‘tea house’. She and Hans were lucky to obtain much of their footage. the Dutch police caught on and began raiding the spot weekly.milasjourney. yourself. In the ‘60s and ‘70s. as it reminded them of the not-so-distant WWII. One bad breakup was all it took – Mila’s half of the 8mm film reel was not to be reunited with that of her ex-husband until three decades later – the documentation of their pilgrimage through one of the world’s most spiritual landscapes. THEMSELVES FROM THE ‘70S AS SOUVENIRS. Mila’s Journey covers multiple visits to India and shows just a glimpse of that ethereal world. re-connecting with the past is all the more important. It was the unfortunate event of Hans falling ill with cancer that brought the two back together: Mila realized that the film had remained without audience for over thirty years – including the filmmakers themselves. in an homage to the familial-type bond that was forged between them during their three-month mountain trek. Viewers are lucky to steal a personal glimpse into someone’s sacred. the decision to relocate was not difficult: “People were actively looking for other ways of living than how our parents did it. THE ORIGINAL TREK WAS DOCUMENTED BY HANS SWART ON 8MM FILM. Mila could juxtapose her book-learned education on Hinduism with carry ID at all times. Finally. (PHOTO: CHRISTINA JANSEN) . the proceeds of this documentary’s sales are earmarked for the education of his grandchildren. within the past five years the same measures were re-introduced in the Netherlands – and were met with little or no protest. the Pollinator Company and Hemp Hotel. Mila’s Journey TAKE A TRIP WITH THE HASH QUEEN OF AMSTERDAM Mila Jansen. So the footage was cleaned and digitized. covering over 1500km (932 miles).” » www.” This was an era in which the Dutch authorities were suddenly insisting that residents It is difficult to watch Mila’s Journey without being compelled to travel to India. I was very lucky. showing a part of the world formerly untouched by Western influence – a sparkling gem of nature and spirituality. so she decided to pack everything up and leave the country.com Anecdote Films Running Time: One hour Format: DVD Annie Perkins. It was 1968. The pair were on foot. satellite dishes and MTV. and they were about to hitchhike to India. Now you can see for yourself the experiences that helped to lead Mila to the top of the Cannabis industry. actual stories of the place. has been long-considered one of the pioneers of the Cannabis movement in Europe. that compel you to keep watching. “we just shared!” After a few years of blissful tea-sharing. Nor is it the amazing shots of indigenous people. One of the most poignant moments is her return to a mountaintop oasis. it is one that also has changed. high-grade hashish. spiritual journey through such amazing lands. and the whole of nature was out there – totally – untouched by man. Indicating how much change has occurred since then (for the worse). It is perhaps these universal themes: freedom.” she recalls. The magical place has succumbed to the temptations of the Western world. I was as insignificant as a speck of sand. and thus the time capsule has been cracked open. and is now the subject of a moving documentary in which you can pick your way carefully along the same path to her beloved India. frosted with snow. All of this against a stunning backdrop of re-discovered film. 1967). Weeks of walking and high altitude had taken their toll.
finer and stronger. Pure Hemp papers are marketed as ultra-thin and additivefree. Many papers. therefore. but for true aficionados and those who wish to be extra careful there are non-gummed papers available. or to make them longer-burning. a good. when Napoleon began to order in bulk for his overseas troops. Ultra-thin. make when selecting your preferred paper? Most papers are made from hemp. Gummed papers came along in 1942 – another innovation by Rizla+. The gum THE SELECTION OF ROLLING PAPERS AVAILABLE IS ASTOUNDING. but have been reported to cause greater oral and lung irritation. the ash it produces should be very small in quantity and a uniform light gray color. flax or rice. Beyond the choice of base material. and not all are created equally. but as it’s from the ubiquitous rolling paper giant we may see a rapid takeover here). rough incarnations first appeared. Colored. and therefore to be selective about choice of paper is pointless. translucent papers have been around for a while and seem to have gained a majority in the market. If a paper is burned as a test. The thinnest papers are made from rice. when it comes to papers. It is possible to source additive-free papers. so it is not difficult to avoid as long as one is selective. Furthermore. Production of hemp. the thinner the better. many hemp papers now produced match their competitors in terms of thickness. such as S. IT IS SURPRISING HOW MUCH A SLIGHT DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PAPERS WILL AFFECT THE FINISHED JOINT (chalk) may also be used.and larynx cancer). It wasn’t until 1977 that king-size papers began to be marketed (again by Rizla+). When the joint is rolled the unmoistened gum then becomes tucked under a single layer of paper. Chlorine is highly toxic but calcium carbonate releases only CO2 when combusted and may. so this rule does not always hold true. Bleaches such as chlorine or calcium carbonate and may contain additives that increase strength while maintaining low weight. That said. lip. especially blunt wraps and colored varieties. and also score poorly in terms of trace chemicals that may pose a risk to human health. flax and other grassy fibers is far preferable – at least in environmental terms. burn by Kali Mist rate and immediate effect on the throat and chest. and as their supporters are usually among the more health-savvy. which may be blended with other natural papers such as sugar and flax. present a safer choice. Wood pulp papers are the worst environmentally. although many are bleached must be moistened through this outer layer of paper. so for this reason we should be considerate of the papers we use. although some are made from Esparto grass and wood pulp (which may contribute to lung-. seasoned joint rollers have developed techniques to minimize paper usage. and such papers can safely be avoided as there are many others out there that pass the test. Generally. Some varieties advertise use of pure Acacia gum. However. Their ‘fine’ weight papers appeared in 1799. Nowadays. This method ensures that the absolute minimum paper is used. but were still quite bulky by today’s standards. Others will tear off the gummed strip itself.D. thin rice paper with little or no added chemicals should burn smoothly and consistently. with the rise of global Cannabis culture. But which choice should you. in order to experience the flavor of the Cannabis in as unadulterated a manner as possible. so it is to be hoped that they and other companies are now offering more considered products. Dark ash suggests that the paper may contain contaminants. There are many products on the market that are advertized as containing no chlorine.26 Rolling Papers IT’S NOT JUST WHAT’S INSIDE THAT COUNTS Although the most common way to ingest Cannabis in the USA is through the use of a bong or pipe. aerated – the list goes on and on. but production was not to seriously take off until 1796. the joint smoker. transparent. and it is wellworth investing a few hours (and a few ruined papers!) to master the intricacies. The first cigarette papers were produced in 1660 by the French company Lacroix (later to become Rizla+). To this end. Competitors began to appear in the 1800s. chemicals may be added to the papers during the production process in order to make the paper lighter. it is surprising how much a slight difference between papers will affect the finished joint. Rolling papers are an integral part of every joint. Modiano’s elegant range of regular and 1½-sized papers. and the excess can then be torn off along the gum line (see photo). clean. hemp papers are often thicker than rice papers and others. Thicker papers not only make a fasterburning joint with a harsher taste. a large and growing number of pot users smoke joints or blunts as a primary or supplementary consumption method. as are Hempire and Raw Organic Hemp papers – also claimed to be vegan! Unbleached rice papers are huge in their own right – the two main brands are Raw (who make rice papers as well as the hemp variety) and Smoking Brown (a newer introduction. However. which is thought to be harmful if smoked. Made from very sheer rice paper. There has been much evolution since the original thick. The more expert will ‘back-roll’: the paper is turned inside-out so that the gum is on the outside facing the roller. the range of papers available is staggering. They had been conceived of over a century prior to this. they require some HOW TO MAKE A EUROPEAN-STYLE ‘BACK-ROLLED’ JOINT . they are often made to be chlorine-free and unbleached. and in 1894 the company Zig-Zag had the brainwave of interleaving the papers (in a ‘zig-zag’ fashion). The idea when rolling a good joint is to always use as little paper as necessary. as the Acacia gum (gum arabic) that is commonly used as an adhesive contains glycerin. flavored. Thin papers burn more slowly – another plus for most smokers. and many will tear off excess paper prior to rolling. In this article SSUSA takes a closer look at the papers themselves. It would seem that the bulk of any lung damage incurred through smoking joints is the fault of combustion of weed and sometimes tobacco at high temperatures. we should always try to minimize the severity of the risk we undertake when we use Cannabis. in terms of taste. as well as lung cancer. may also contain potassium nitrate to aid even burning – this substance is linked to acute oral irritation and respiratory tract damage. The Spanish manufacturer of Smoking. Bambu and many other wellknown brands was convicted in 2006 of substituting such materials for the usual hemp and linen in an effort to cut costs.
but this seemed to diminish before long as the novelty wore off. ostensibly in a drive to reduce teen smoking. At first their use increased rapidly. The FDA in 2009 banned clove cigarettes and other flavored cigarettes and papers (except chemical processing to release its pure cellulose. Illinois House reps rejected the Senate-approved motion there. Blunt wraps. Although glycerin is also present in the gummed strip of ordinary papers. UNREFINED HEMP AND RICE ROLLING PAPERS practice to master and can be expensive. and nowadays the range is very wide. but many question this. the rumors have contributed to some decline in popularity. Rizla+ introduced menthol and strawberry flavors in 1906. and they are not difficult to obtain wherever you reside. a cheap cigar can be split and re-rolled with the same result. A US Bureau of Customs and Border Protection ruling from 2008 defined them as drug paraphernalia. However. blunt wraps are wholly or mostly composed of tobacco. while avoiding chemical additives. as they are reported to contain around 14% glycerin (to increase the suppleness and smoothness of the cellulose) which. Colored papers also are increasingly viewed as a pointless and perhaps harmful complication. produces acrolein. but they are not alone in claiming this distinction. with some branding it ‘ridiculous’. So many advances have been made to decrease the weight of the paper. slower burn with little tendency to ‘canoe’ or burn irregularly. BUT MAY CONTAIN HAZARDOUS ADDITIVES. is a pulmonary irritant that may be extremely harmful to health and has been implicated as a factor in the development of MS (as it may cause damage to myelin nerve sheaths).27 sus seems to be that instead of adding to the flavor. for many young stoners it is the method of choice. FLAVORED ROLLING PAPERS AND BLUNT WRAPS WERE RECENTLY BANNED BY THE FDA. when combusted. and despite maintaining a presence in head shops nationwide. either. and the taste. however. However. that it is now possible to find some really great papers out there. and it is true that they burn very cleanly. as long as you have the ability to order online or a good head shop within traveling distance. and all the associated risks remain. Cloves release eugenol. it is thought to be in too small of an amount to pose a risk. but also with a nod to certain perceived inherent health hazards. The link between teenage smoking and blunt wraps is so pernicious that several states have this year instigated motions to ban their sale – although in January 2011. most of these papers in fact detract from the taste of what you are smoking. The wide variety of natural. THE WIDE VARIETY OF NATURAL. unbleached hemp or rice papers yields impressive A WIDE SELECTION OF DYED PAPERS IS AVAILABLE. also known as propenol. They are sold as being 100% cellulose and better for health than traditional papers. and sensation of smoking ‘plastic’ is unpleasant (although this could be more attributable to hardto-shake preconceptions as they have a mildly sweet taste without the acridity one would expect from plastic). A simple online search for additive-free. Many of the flavorings are artificial food additives that are not intended for smoking purposes. their use is not widespread and is more as a novelty. As none of us want chemicals in our pot. Cigar companies back these campaigns. that we wish for greater transparency (pardon the pun) regarding what’s in the papers and that we will reject those that are found to be unhealthy. They are based on wood pulp (from eucalyptus trees) which relies upon heavy A JOINT MADE WITH A TRANSPARENT EUCALYPTUS CELLOPHANE ‘PAPER’ and some users have mentioned irritation of the throat after use. . manufacturers of such papers seem to be very reluctant to disclose these important details. are very popular indeed. A SELECTION OF UNBLEACHED. on the other hand. The consenresults. The more of us that support the trend for natural rolling products. as even some gummed papers have similar properties. Colored and flavored papers deserve a mention. which is not only wasteful but unnecessary and potentially harmful. Rolling blunts also encourages greater weed consumption as more is packed in. but very rewarding. Research suggests that levels of acrolein released by smoking with transparent papers is negligible. the likes of which would have been unseen ten years ago. unbleached hemp and rice papers offered by many companies today seems to present the safest choice for pot smokers. Fans point to the burn test as demonstrating their superior properties. Glamorized in countless hip-hop songs. citing the negative impact on their image from the strong association that blunt wraps have with smoking Cannabis. the clearer the message sent to manufacturers: that we are conscious of what we put into our bodies. Others say they go out quickly. for some reason). Transparent cellophane papers have sparked some controversy since their introduction a few years ago (although a transparent paper was apparently produced as early as the 1970s. This substance. thereby exposing a greater surface area of the lung to smoke damage. Fans cite a cooler. UNBLEACHED HEMP AND RICE PAPERS OFFERED BY MANY COMPANIES TODAY SEEMS TO PRESENT THE SAFEST CHOICE menthol. a topical anesthetic that encourages smokers to inhale extra deeply. it stands to reason that we don’t want it in our papers. so the trend is unlikely to die out completely. Aside from the risks of harmful additives. smell. There is very little information available that gives insight into what other additives are used in flavored papers and what the effect may be when smoked. it was brittle and difficult to work with). and many outlets have stopped selling flavored blunts and may soon follow by stopping sale of unflavored wraps too.
and to be fair. For example. ‘I don’t mix greens’. If a line showed promise or had a trait I liked. I didn’t want anyone not in my circle by Grubbycup to know I knew anything about weed. if the father has dropped an important trait. Once the two lines were crossed. and I didn’t want to buy it. I found better seeds to grow. I’d bring my latest test buds to share. I hoped to start to accumulate the genes needed for a potent. we were more concerned with just having enough to smoke and not all that picky about how good it was. I just wanted to smoke it. it’s easier to track one father with several mothers than the other way around. they had names that were more for record keeping than ease of use. so it was my only source of personal smoke. As time went on. The first thing I learned is that I wanted to smoke more of it. After careful consideration of my options. it might show up again in some form. For example. I tried a lot of different cultivars. and pre-Internet. I looked for the most robust and best flowering out of “THE WAR ON DRUGS HAS FAILED!” 5 “ONE MORE WAY THAT HEMP PLASTIC COULD SAVE OUR LIVES” 17 “HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS” 20 . By matching potent plants with nicelyflavored plants. broken off of bricks (or very expensive). The pairs were selected by what I thought would be give me the best smoke while I worked on combining all four cultivars. Over the years my growing and harvesting techniques improved. To create a starting pool of genetics. I wouldn’t need to involve anyone else. but they are set and finite. studied botany in college. On the father’s side: The White Rhino male’s sisters were very potent. however. Everything in my stash was labeled with an almost unpronounceable code. If the genes don’t exist in the starting pool. so accurate information was much more difficult to come by than it is today. As I used to say. I came to the conclusion that it was too expensive. both the Blackberry and Blueberry were used in the final selection. In selecting the father. It was during this time that Grubbycup’s Stash got its name. That would become a lot easier to do once seed banks became more common. I didn’t want to spend the money. Using this father. One drawback to this method is that it creates a bottleneck. the generation may have to be repeated. uncured and of very ‘iffy’ parentage. They were also better than a lot of what my friends were used to smoking. Besides. If I had paired the two most potent. The buds I grew were harsh. but didn’t have the plant structure I wanted and was a bit cranky to grow. which was an abbreviation for ‘Northern Lights crossed with Big Bud and the result crossed with Blue Mystic and the result of that crossed with a Durban Poison that had been crossed with a Blueberry and then had been crossed with a Blackberry. Growing marijuana came very naturally to me. Since these were all experimental plants. it wound up naming itself. information on genetics and for breeding plants in general was much easier to come by. and gave the excess to friends. I had grown up on a dairy farm. The mothers: The Blackberry male’s sisters had a berry flavor.ADVANCED INDOOR GROWING 29 IT STARTED BECAUSE I WANTED TO SMOKE CANNABIS THAT I REALLY LIKED Breeding Grubbycup’s Stash When I first started smoking weed. is collecting the original pool of genetics to start selecting from. but other than a slight citrus. and the quality of what I smoked improved. Shortly thereafter. The first step in starting a breeding program. and I’d ask them their opinion afterward. whether breeding pea plants or Cannabis plants. but similar to the Blueberry. I was going to breed my own. I pollinated several mothers. since no money would be changing hands. I may have gotten potent offspring. and I didn’t want to deal with finding someone to buy it from. the group to declare early. nicely-flavored variety. and made a lot of different crosses. Genes may be hidden. I smoked most of what I grew. and had always enjoyed gardening. one promising candidate was: ‘(nl x bb) x bm) x (d x blueb) x black) #2’. The biggest threat to any marijuana garden walks on two legs. make sure that you select from plants that have traits similar to what you want in your final line. they didn’t have the sort of plant structure I was looking for. even if I wasn’t working with different cultivars anymore. My friends would ask to load up a bowl of whatever was in ‘Grubbycup’s Stash’. When breeding. The Purple Lady mother had an amazing kick and a very interesting floral flavor. they won’t exist in following generations. (The same basic principles apply. I didn’t want to sell weed. I didn’t name it. but the name stuck. it was all Grubbycup’s Stash. My first grows were all from friends’ bag seeds. it wouldn’t matter which of the four was paired with the others. I didn’t want to buy weed. I learned a few things. Although information about marijuana-specific breeding was scarce. The Blueberry mother had a very nice flavor. It takes the same effort to grow average genetics as it does to grow superior genetics. growing it myself seemed the safest choice. didn’t have the fruity-flowery sort of flavor I had in mind. I was still labeling with codes for specific traits. the greens in question being Cannabis and cash. which was often seeded Mexican brown. This was in the 1980s. Anytime I’d join a circle with friends. the trick is in getting the seeds for superior genetics in the first place. The breeding project had taken over my entire garden at the time. second plant in the set. Meanwhile I’d be smoking each of the pairs. but often had something worth trying in it. finally I settled on a White Rhino x Blueberry father crossed with a couple of different Purple Lady x Blackberry mothers. plus once I had seeds.’ Which doesn’t exactly trip off the tongue.) I also decided that if I was going to grow my own. I wanted flavor as well in each of the crosses.
and recessive genes work. Any plant that displays an structure is that they are traits that are undesirable trait can be eliminated from than the GS-A and GS-B mothers. and today have many more traits in common. and each stem at harvest. Marijuana is not particularly sensitive to inbred depression. I felt confident that I had a White Rhino x Blueberry male that had a good chance of contributing desirable traits to the Blackberry x Purple Lady line. the GS Gol indicates it has 1) Even if you don’t learn the math or the science behind it. This way.only for breeding toward. That isn’t to say that they aren’t also bred for bud size. GS-B. The tracking of traits. However.30 the gene pool. Both lines were bred using the same criteria in parallel. the other would produce a superior specimen. The goal of the breed is to be my favorite and to that end. and by the time you have enough generations under your belt to worry about it. if not thousands of years. if you just keep breeding your best male to your best female (and don’t add new genetics into the mix) you are off to a good start. Each container of weed lists the exact plant that it was harvested from. grow plants from different generations together. etc. GS-B had superior flavor and structure. it is also possible to breed using much smaller numbers of plants. In a large-scale operation one option would be to grow very large numbers of the seeds and make selections from hundreds. if not thousands of plants. Record keeping becomes absolutely critical. Grubbycup . to good effect. Peace. or I find something I like better. You don’t have to become an expert. AND ITS MOTHER HAD SUPERIOR COLOR. all you really need to know to make use of the principle is that you should grow out multiple generations at the same time and cross the best plants together. but the GS-C. after all. distinctive floral/bou. The Blackberry x Purple Lady mother was easier to select. Anyone interested in breeding is heartily encouraged to learn about it. GS 3 has parents that displayed five mothers. IT MALE HAVE AN EXTRA FINGER GS-E. the plants became similar to each other. ALTHOUGH INFREQUENTLY FEMALE THE LEAVES ON THIS GS 3 The seeds from the five mothers were PLANTS HAVE DEVELOPED THE TRAIT. grown in groups. and so is the bud as it goes through the curing process. and that information can be used to extinguish unwanted traits. but GS-A developed to be the more potent of the two. I’m who I bred it for. and did the same with the Blackberry x Purple Lady. them is the heart of any good breeding program. Over time. Each growing container is labeled. seeds from the best smoke can be selected and seeds from only average buds can GS 3 MALES TEND TO HAVE THREE LEAVES PER be disregarded. whorled phyllotaxy (3 or more leaves per and grown again with the GS-B lot for potent long lasting ‘creeper’ stone. Personal label machines can help if poor handwriting is a hindrance. The standard for the breed includes a a GS male that was named ‘Goliath’ in its One grow was dedicated to each of the nice initial effect. Eventually the best of the two lines were merged. Seeds are collected and labeled. some discarded. some ignored. and how to use them to make educated predictions. As a result. IF THE labeled GS-A. As with all traits. It was my intention to use only the best between the two lines. I’m okay with showing a little favoritism to it though. It is not a fast process. 2) Learn the basic principles of Mendelian genetics. GS-D and TRAIT WERE TO BECOME CONSISTENT. you will likely have learned how to deal with it. I would never claim it to be any better than anyone else’s work. it succeeds. but that trait holds a lower priority to quality of smoke. isolating and recombining. GRUBBYCUP’S STASH I kept working with the White Rhino x Blueberry until potency and flavor regularly showed in the same plant. OR TWO AT THE CENTER. Any plant showing a superior example of a trait was marked as part of the label. just learn how dominant. Advice for those interested in trying home breeding: GS MALE NAMED ‘GOLIATH’ THIS GS 3 PRODUCED FOUR LEAVES PER NODE. The key is being able to match each bowlful of final product to its seeds and parentage. THE LABELS ARE INFORMATIVE. and it’s going to continue to be a work in process until inbred depression sets in. but for breedlots did not produce specimens better rated and more stable than the plant ing against. Clear and accurate labels are a must. IF NOT STYLISH. There is a technique known as ‘cubing’ that is very useful to stabilizing a genetic line. Whenever I would get close to deciding in favor of one. cross the best plants regardless of generation. some of these were kept. Part of the reason that these comparison. since I could taste test the buds off of clones to select the best ones for seeding. A few buds of each plant grown are seeded. people just tended to say ‘Grubbycup’s Stash’ or ‘GS’. This process was repeated structure and plant structure. love and puka shells. This method is commonly used by corporate vegetable seed breeders. GS-A and GS-B were grown as two separate cultivars and did not cross-pollinate for several generations. More bags with codes: this is why COULD BE A METHOD OF EARLY SEXING. NODE. regardless of what generation they are. For example. but it can be done. bud node). New traits have surfaced as recessive genes found matching recessive genes. but with time and patience you can produce noticeable changes and put your own mark on the weed you smoke. However.ancestry. and making educated attempts to adjust and recombine AN EARLY GS 3 MALE THE LABEL MEANS THAT IT’S FROM THE LAST GROUP OF ORIGINAL SEEDS. GS-C. 3) To benefit from cubing. GS-D and GS-E that the effect and flavor are higher. AND USED FOR BREEDING the most important to me as a smoker. The process continued as much more of the same. but I can grow pretty much any strain I want and Grubbycup’s Stash still makes up most of what I put in my pipe. It is a work in process. smooth clean flavor. The reason types of notes are so important is not with GS-B. People bred both plants and animals using this principle for hundreds. The best of GS-A was cloned quet garni aroma.
Last year when I attended the HTMCC the line to enter the event was nightmarish. Harborside’s Steve DeAngelo. and had a better layout as well. the 2011 entry was both quick and painless in comparison. The Pollinator Co. and the senior cultivation editor of High Times. Ice-o-lator and Bubbleator machines. and a wide variety of marijuana-related products. Seminars and panels were held by Cannabis celebrities and experts. rugs and tables set in the center. Amsterdam. at least in the smoking section outside. which made for a very relaxing place to visit after making a circuit in the 215 patient area. Upstairs had a nice mellow area. Activism. wooden. Check out the website for virtual demonstrations of and ordering information for the Pollinator. The Pollinator Co. Marijuana was sold and sampled. INTERNATIONAL CANNABIS Peace. To give the organizers credit. It also appeared to have a lot more attendees. proprietor. nor is it a head shop. San Francisco by Grubbycup As the laws surrounding Cannabis and medical marijuana in California become more reasonable. including some tasty treats by last year’s medal winners Bliss Edibles. A visible haze rose above the crowd like a fog. Mila’s shop is not a grow shop. from wallets to cosmetics. enigmatic herbs. vaporizers.SHOP REVIEW NL / FESTIVALS & COMPETITIONS 31 Sativa Diva The Pollinator Company The Pollinator Co. At last year’s awards ceremony High Times magazine’s executive editor Dan Skye promised they would improve the process for this year’s show. the shop is loaded with books ranging from how to grow a variety of plants. NL » www. each seeming to make a bigger claim than the last. the Pollinator Co. CA WAS HELD AT THE CONCOURSE EXHIBITION CENTER High Times Medical Cannabis Cup. Additional merchandise includes items for your meditation space. loud music played in the background. The main floor of the indoor area was busy. browse the cactus garden or visit the hallucinogenic plants and flowers in the back of the shop. Several booths were rented by LED companies. there were plenty of 30. Danny Danko. Established in the winter of 1994. in Amsterdam enjoys legendary status: Mila. sizes and colors – all brought together over a common interest in marijuana. Located on a picturesque canal near Amsterdam’s famous Waterlooplein market. the shop is perhaps most famous for three mandatory pieces of hash making equipment: the Pollinator dry sieve machines. next time they will need more room. Handcrafted wares by artists were sold next to slick commercial products. The venue was larger. Regardless of its legal status. At the end of the show on Sunday night. if this year’s event was any indication. After you’ve chosen the correct texts and accessories. the winners were announced to much fanfare and cheering. videos and magazines. making the Pollinator Co. good health and enlightenment are common themes throughout the shop and its products. Nieuwe Herengracht 25 1011 RL. This year the High Times Medical Cannabis Cup in San Francisco even had a nearby billboard. is responsible for revolutionizing Dutch hash by starting a craze for clean. mushrooms or cacti to accessing your spiritual side through mindaltering substances. ice-water extracted resin products.pollinator. quite simply. Credit card grinders and a staggering variety of ways to consume were available to eager shoppers. and it was wall-to-wall with people. your one-stop-shop for all things esoteric. is a staple for locals and a beloved destination for returning tourists and Cannabis connoisseurs. Hemp is also heavily featured. with a range of glass-. The Results: Hybrid 1st Place: 2nd Place: 3rd Place: OG Kush (D & M Compassion Center) Star Dawg (Buds & Roses) The Pure (Leonard Moore Co-Operative) Indica 1st Place: Boggle Gum (Harborside Health Center) 2nd Place: The True OG (Elemental Wellness Center) 3rd Place: 7 Star Pure Kush (7 Stars Holistic Healing Center) Sativa 1st Place: Bay 11 (Granddaddy Purple Collective) 2nd Place: Alpha Blue (OrganiCann) 3rd Place: Sonoma Coma (Happy Lil’ Trees) .and natural substances available. including author Jorge Cervantes. love and puka shells. MAINSTREAM ENOUGH FOR A BILLBOARD A HAZE WAFTED OVER THE CROWD.nl » info@pollinator. In addition to the hash extractors for which the company is famous. psychedelic clothes and a full range of posters. Artwork lined the walls. Ice-o-lator bags for water extraction and the latest addition to the family. it was obvious that while there were plenty of 20-somethings in attendance. It was nice to see that promise kept. bongs. DEMONSTRATING THE USE OF A In sharp contrast. I even renewed my California patient identification card at one of the booths. plants and advice are all available. Oversized joints were passed around.to 70-somethings as well. Vendors sold pipes. Edible samples were handed out. Grubbycup AUTHOR JORGE CERVANTES HEMP WICK TO LIGHT A BONG. but with a festive atmosphere. activist and entrepreneur. is. Seeds. the 215 patient area had a very nightclub/party atmosphere. unlike any other spot in the industry. its use becomes more mainstream and normal.nl THE SECOND HIGH TIMES MEDICAL CANNABIS CUP TO BE HELD IN SAN FRANCISCO. Of course. the Bubbleator all-in-one system. Attendees were of all shapes. smoking accessories and related products are featured.
This is where The Attitude comes in. are even more important in a time of new grows in Europe being more difficult to complete. we should not forget the many years of research and development that our European cousins have put into breeding viable strains. The Attitude wants to know about it. the spread is assisted by the efforts of The Attitude. The Attitude. But the staff are not complacent – they are determined to continue their quest to provide quality strains globally. The guys at The Attitude take great care to meet with breeders and discuss individual strains in order to give the best and most accurate information to the customer. we introduced The Attitude Seed Bank and discussed the recent history of the seed industry. not just in the Netherlands but also in countries. This ability to exchange ideas and techniques is the backbone of the international Cannabis seed industry. wherever there is a new company producing quality items. as even with careful management it is possible to lose a whole lineage. The Attitude also have the chance to really explore what’s out there. In the vaults of The Attitude Seed Bank. time and time again. they give varied and potentially unsatisfactory results. many of which will remain viable in seed form (when properly stored) for years and posto the intensive nature of their operations. and what the future may hold Kali Mist for The Attitude and other companies like it. As with any crop that is selectively bred by people. The Attitude has grown at an explosive rate to become the largest seed bank in the world today. and it’s important work – keeping strains alive and stable in nature is hard enough in a perfect world. but The Attitude is doing a very good job of attempting it. Their efforts to represent as many seed companies as possible and stock the greatest variety of quality strains show exactly why The Attitude has made it to the top spot – and they’re showing no signs of slowing down! The team has that special something in that they always seek to be where other seed banks have not even thought of venturing yet. stable seed stock to avoid strains disappearing – and so that experts sibly decades. It’s simply not possible to preserve every strain out there. However. and sufficient stabilization of new strains often is in jeopardy. and despite all our knowledge of genetics. times will always change and industries in a free market will THE ATTITUDE TEAM maintaining biodiversity by seeking out interesting and unique strains is one of the most important things the collector can do to ensure the future of these genetics. However. and customers can be sure that their queries will be dealt with in a prompt and supportive manner. but it must be noted that the information that is provided cannot concern topics that . and are definitely unsuited to breed further strains (until they have undergone a lengthy process of crossing and back-crossing to fix desired traits into the genome). fresh products and the widest possible selection of new strains. It’s important for a serious collector to preserve a wide selection of varieties for the future. bringing never-before-seen products from all corners of the globe. wherever possible it is important to keep a full inventory of present-day. including parts of Europe. healthy parents for innumerable new strains. rapid advances in techniques (along with the explosion in new varieties that we’ve seen in recent years) has meant that strains are also in grave danger of being lost. particularly focusing on Europe and the Americas. To conclude our three-part series. such as promotional videos and representation at major international events. the community has had increasing opportunities to transfer information between countries. By their constant presence at conventions. and without it The Attitude could not have THE ATTITUDE IS AN AWARD-WINNING SEED BANK. Seed banks are also highly important gateways for other breeders and seed companies to become part of the wider network: many of the smaller companies are limited in budget and the opportunities for publicity that The Attitude team offers. with the Netherlands as a base for their activities. Without the efforts of the seed banks. interesting and unique strains are thankfully not in shortage. and other companies like it. enough to keep customers happy for years to come. Many smaller breeders are unable to network fully with potential customers due International Seed Market: A GROWING COLLABORATION In the first two issues of Soft Secrets USA. Now that the focus of the Cannabis industry is moving towards the Americas. As telecommunications and exchange of goods and services have expanded. are vital. naturally seek the best and most appropriate setting and methods of operation. such as Spain and Europe. Seed stock exists in massive quantities. with the rise of the Internet seeing relevant websites springing up every day. Established five years ago. Providing reliable information is extremely important to the Attitude. providing diverse brands perfect for the requirements of thousands of collectors across the world. and are hard at work sourcing new companies to work with every day. Although their customers are sure to receive high quality. The team has worked closely with major European breeders for years to provide the connoisseur collectors among us with a steady selection of original genetics. which can demand a huge amount of time and dedication.SEED BANKS 33 achieved the massive success they currently enjoy. Now that the legal Cannabis industry is expanding globally and many collectors are seeking to complete their personal catalog. we’ll take a closer look at the changing nature of the international seed market. If new strains are unstable. These heirloom genetics. many genetics would have been lost forever – some have been lost already. you can rest assured that the vaults at The Attitude also contain a vast array of seeds from all places and from all points in time – from the early 1980s up until now. due to the vagaries of genetics. innovation is always rewarded. Although Cannabis itself is found all over the world. most of the original and still most significant seed companies were founded during this period there. the Netherlands has been a focal point for many years due to the importance of the industry there. we cannot entirely predict what will happen in the future to a certain strain. Yet the valuable heirloom stock safely stored at The Attitude alone could provide stable. are important in that they have always attempted to provide a good selection of seeds from breeders all over the world – and Over many decades the great breeders worked at creating the varieties we now have. despite such endeavors. representing more than ninety seed companies in the effort to bring their customers throughout the world the widest – and best – choice of Cannabis seeds and strains. Therefore. The sheer choice one encounters when browsing the vast lists of products is enough to delight and possibly bewilder even the most choosy and specific of us. and a quick glance through the online catalog will demonstrate how effectively they have covered the whole spectrum. can continue to create strong new ones. who offer a range that runs into the thousands.
the key to a healthy industry. It’s taken many years – decades. and have been attracting much attention over the last few years with some amazing sativa. wherever they may be. The diversity of climate. Whether Cup-winner. and always has been. The next generation can only benefit from our efforts to strengthen the gene pool: if current PROVIDING RELIABLE INFORMATION IS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT TO THE ATTITUDE customers will find seed companies from many countries represented within their catalog. There are vast swathes of undeveloped land where few venture: the remote valleys of alpine Switzerland. breeding programs have elevated some table Spanish seed companies are also now appearing. TWO INVALUABLE STAFF MEMBERS NATALIA WITH RAKAA FROM DILATED PEOPLES THE WINNER OF B-DAY PROMOTION. you can be sure that The Attitude team has it waiting for you and is ready to dispatch your order. and is proud to represent the talented and professional organizations that are behind this vital research. or the hostile steppes of eastern Europe – where monoecious hemp and autoflowering ruderalis thrive. future research cannot happen. and improvements to techniques cannot benefit the community as a whole. From humble beginnings. it’s back to work – there are more breeders out there to meet and represent. The Attitude Seed Bank is looking forward to a long and exciting role within this revolutionary movement. International collaboration is. The Attitude supports such legal enterprises: so hard to get out there and talk to the countless organizations that now exist. THE ATTITUDE HAS GROWN AT AN EXPLOSIVE RATE In this way many names that would never normally make it into the spotlight have become popular and well-loved in the global community. IN AMSTERDAM WITH THE GUYS FROM THE GREENHOUSE .34 may encourage customers to contravene local law. it’s going to be difficult not to spend hours scouring the pages of The Attitude’s online catalog to find that special something to round off your collection. linking several continents. so have those same small companies grown to become the most progress is any indicator. repufamous out there. As for The Attitude team. they will enjoy a myriad of stable feminized and auto-flowering strains that current collectors can only now imagine.and hybrid genetics. allows for a range of adapted varieties to be developed. and signs that small seed companies may be emerging are apparent. infamous cult classic or new and undiscovered gem. as without it none of our indooradapted hybrids would ever have been conceived of in the first place. But as long as companies like The Attitude provide their efficient service to the planet. we can be sure that high quality seeds will be available worldwide for collectors. The continent encompasses a massive diversity of climate zones. possession and cultivation of small amounts of Cannabis is now legal. auto-flowering genetics to the status of being worthy of consideration by the most serious collectors. The Attitude is also committed to continuing their work of seeking out a wide range of sources. Auto-flowering hybrids are improving and are increasingly popular among the customers of The Attitude. It stands to reason that any one of the new and unknown companies of today could be the next big thing. the sunny pastures of southern Mediterranean countries such as Greece. The network that exists. such as Spain. and the contribution of such people is therefore highly important. Over the next few years. with global renown. and as the seeds of industry were sown by initially small and unknown companies. While the major Dutch companies are still a force to be reckoned with. and new ones are being added all the time. is allowing for the creation and preservation of amazing strains that deserve a place in any connoisseur’s library. That’s why The Attitude works their global efforts to provide Cannabis seeds for storage or for legal cultivation. and a great range of altitudes – sometimes even within one country. During their work in Europe. prompt and efficient as always! NATALIA AND JODIE. the strains of the future will be spectacular – as far removed from the strains of today as ours are from the varieties of the 1970s and 1980s. Much of temperate Europe is ideal for developing great varieties that will flourish in similar conditions elsewhere. and by next year the list is expected to grow from ninety to a ESTABLISHED FIVE YEARS AGO. which boasts semi-arid plains. in fact – for the seed business to reach its current status as a serious and profitable concern. the team expects that as techniques and exchange of information continues to improve through the community. by representing all the major players – as well as a plethora of smaller and lesser-known organizations. The Attitude team have seen firsthand the diversity that the continent has to offer. which reaches subtropical conditions in the Canary Islands. In the Czech Republic. Turkey and Albania. Without it. mountains and two very different maritime climates on the north and south coasts. It is crucially important for organizations such as The Attitude to continue hundred-plus! With every new addition bringing their contribution of fresh quality strains to the market.
Most used the cover of professional oil rig divers. The surf board was a longtime favorite of the hippie smuggler. IT BECAME POSSIBLE FOR SPORT DIVERS TO TRAVEL THE WORLD AND DIVE WHEREVER THEY LIKED. they’d been around the world. One group of crazies operating on balls and stupidity used to fly out of landlocked Peshawar (in northern Pakistan) and there’s not so much as a puddle for hundreds of miles. IT ALSO OPENED UP NEW POSSIBILITIES FOR THE SMUGGLER. so it was well-worth locating. Air India flights had virtually no searches for first class passengers and a huge baggage allowance thrown in. Having loaded the equipment. At one point there were hundreds of ‘divers’ traveling the world with loaded tanks. The real stuff also fetched double the price. A twelve liter tank could carry almost thirteen kilos of Afghani hashish. Jacques Before the dreadful events of 9/11 it was common to travel by air with all kinds of sports equipment. but this was a period when officialdom didn’t seem to realize that tanks could carry more than air. Back in Amsterdam the circular plaques of black border hash were christened ‘banjos’. 165lbs. The trick was to pick up the thirty-five kilo bag off of the belt as if it weighed nothing. was a popular transit point. India was a victim of its own class system. One group even stole the bags off another while in transit and got away with it. some even changed passports en route to disguise where they’d come from. terrorism has changed many things in the world. it was routine. but it was the real Afghani hash that people wanted. Those traveling to Australia often passed through Singapore. They loaded identical bags with bricks and placed them on the same flight. Unfortunately. but for that you needed paperwork. However not all of them had the ethics of the Cannabis smuggler. but divers were a different breed by O’Riodon altogether. so you needed a reason to travel. the next step was the route. back then the discovery was gold. In fact. which was hidden under the rubber boot. Due to lax airport searches. Filling the tanks was also a problem as there’s not much sport diving in Pakistan. Should customs have a look. but tanks alone were not enough.) Imagine carrying that with a bounce in your step. In Pakistan bribery was often the way to get bags on a plane without a search. A WET SUIT AND A COUPLE OF TANKS WERE ALL THAT WAS NEEDED. the luggage would just arrive on the carousel and you’d have to fight a taxi driver to get your bags back. Access was usually through a screw-off bottom. as there was less security – and when Afghani hash was not available there was always Manali or Kashmir. the method was also unfortunately used to transport hard drugs. It only required some simple milling equipment to reduce a twenty-five kilo tank down to twelve. FATHER OF THE AQUALUNG A WEEK ON THE BEACH: NOT A BAD WAY TO SPEND A ‘BUSINESS TRIP’ ‘BANJOS’ OF AFGHANI HASHISH WERE PASSED AROUND FILLED WITH AIR OR HASH? . but first you had to get out of the source country. airport accomplices picked up the real bags before the actual owners had cleared immigration. as he’d already loaded them into his taxi. Hippie surfers were synonymous with marijuana use. With Pakistan’s neighbor at war it was much easier operating out of India. When things did run to plan. maybe ten. despite the fact that if you were caught they’d lock you away for years. although I’m sure it’s not the case today. It didn’t always go as planned. but they still did it. Others just relied on timing. The Emirates. but it was the diving tank that had the real potential. this kind of smuggling required physical fitness – a double set with suit and fins weighed around seventy five kilos (ca. There was a case of an airline putting the bags on the wrong flight. One group traveling from India transited through Nairobi. lighter hash. In Nairobi. Many just traveled through the airport on combination of luck and guts. Halfway through the movement he felt the momentum of the seventy-five kilo weight. many a board stuffed with marijuana made it through. On this particular occasion a driver had grabbed a couple of diving bags off the belt and started to swing them onto his shoulder. Most would travel to a neutral nation before attempting to enter their destination country. A double-tank set had real potential. Professionals would use a small internal compressed air tank containing just enough to give a convincing phssst should customs open the valve. by the time they were finally reunited with their owner a month later. with its oil industry. Thanks. Some didn’t bother with such niceties. arriving on a Sunday morning when staff levels were low and multiple flights were also arriving from innocent destinations. but there was nothing he could do about it. With the introduction of the aluminum tank the perfect smuggling tool was created. After a week on the beach it was time to think about the final leg home. Bags sometimes went missing. a tank covered in sand and seaweed usually did the trick.36 SMUGGLER’S TALES WHEN JACQUES COUSTEAU INVENTED THE AQUALUNG REGULATOR. When the bags reached shoulder height they just kept going and took him straight through a plate-glass window and down a flight of stairs. lack of exotic hashish is one of them. a popular route because of its lack of baggage controls on entering the country. where they executed hash smugglers. That took balls. Most used intelligence to beat the controls. for example finding out the search schedules. The owner of the bags picked them up from the stunned driver and left in another taxi before the police showed up. which in this day and age is a rather disturbing thought. Some groups would employ runners who’d never been near the source country to make the last part of the journey. and it wasn’t until they reached their hotel that they discovered the switch. Africa was the popular transit point on the route to Europe. COUSTEAU.
growers who still manage to finish a crop are increasingly choosing quicker-flowering Skunk varieties. The ‘War on Drugs’ has. As with many disappearing landraces and cultivars. be sure to find the last few remaining guys who grow it and beg for a seed sample. while little coca is actually grown in Panama. The wideranging explorations of the Greeks in their golden era. when land is cleared for intensive coca production. Although much of this learning has been lost to the general populace through increasingly harsh domestic drug policy. But if you ever find yourself there and you have a trusted connection to help you navigate your way around the tricky politics of local weed cultivation. In Crete there is a fair amount of cultivation to this day – attitudes towards mainland Greek policy are hostile and many Cretans are prepared to defy the law of the land. ©ULRICHSTILL Panama Red Wherever humans have gone. higher-yielding plant. and it is suggested that the species can therefore survive significant climate change and – is indeed already responding to ongoing changes. led to eradication of Cannabis fields throughout the region. compact flowers that may have a rosy or reddish coloration. due to police crackdowns on outdoor grows and excessively harsh penalties. clear sativa high – as opposed to the stupefying narcotic effect of the Colombian Red. They brought their own Cannabis genetics. the Red is now truly a lost strain. a handful of lineages were able to flourish up until recent times.ENDANGERED STRAIN GUIDE 37 Minor. The flavor is reported to range from citrus to woody. In some places Cannabis is intensively cultivated. however. commonly crossed with White Widow or Skunk to enable successful indoor grows. The hilly terrain and numerous small islands provide many opportunities for covert growing. The Red first appeared – and rapidly achieved fame – in the ‘60s and ‘70s. ‘Phenotypic plasticity’. Kalamata pot is a closely guarded secret and examples are exceptionally rare. and with a racy. It is still available from seed banks in hybrid form. Conversely. was a compact sativa with some indica characteristics – similar to other Eastern Mediterranean strains still in existence (such as those found in Lebanon and Egypt). long-flowering tropical sativas. WELL-DRAINED PASTURE LAND. On the mainland itself. in other locales production has been sidelined in favor of the more profitable coca plant. and are introducing hybrids that are flourishing in the benevolent climate – and rapidly gaining dominance. It is sativa. of course. and low-quality weed from Albania. but it seems that unless undiscovered communities exist out there in the rugged Panamanian hills and islands. fitter examples evolve or are introduced. must have yielded genetics from many sources. which then interbred with the local sativas of the time.100 AD when the advancing Mongol armies invaded Asia AN EXAMPLE OF A LOCAL SATIVA FROM A KALAMATA GROWER ©KALI MIST MUCH OF THE PELOPONNESE REGION IS CHARACTERIZED BY LOW-LYING. and we can possibly trace its lineage back to East Asia around 1. existing populations are depleted and phenotypes lost. second city of the Peloponnese (a region on the south coast of mainland Greece that enjoys a very pleasant climate). Many of the secrets of Cannabis that are only now becoming common knowledge to us were known thousands of years ago to the ancient Greeks. Cannabis has followed soon after. when intensively farmed. and its prominence as a destination for sailors from all corners of the globe. Kalamata has virtually disappeared off the map as a producer of this unique sativa. Unfortunately this means that a particular phenotype can become insufficiently suited to its surroundings as conditions change by Kali Mist and newer. Wild or escaped communities now exist on every continent save Antarctica. leading to highly morphologically-distinct Cannabis populations worldwide. High-quality local cultivars that were widely available in the 1980s are now almost impossible to find. This enables rapid localized adaptation. It can grow up to 15 feet tall and can yield up to five pounds per plant when well-tended. and is apparently now unavailable. selection pressures have acted against it as cultivators prefer a more robust. racy effect. its massive importance as a trafficking route has meant that local criminal gangs have turned their attention to cocaine. if not millennia. the pot-smoking population relies heavily upon imported hash from Morocco or Spain. Local growers also often selectively breed for desired characteristics. Also. In much of Central America. with long. quicker-flowering. THE RUGGED AND REMOTE TROPICAL TERRAIN PROVIDES PLENTY OF OPPORTUNITY FOR COVERT GROWS. and as with so many of the exceptional landraces out there. Both extremes can affect the gene pool. It is also believed that the original Greek strains may well have been influenced by some of the by Kali Mist purest African sativas. One that does apparently remain (albeit in massively reduced quantities) is a strain developed and made famous over many generations in and around Kalamata. It exhibits long red hairs on the flowers. as well as a reddish coloration to the leaves and flowers themselves. Kalamata Greece has a long history of cultivating Cannabis – mostly sativa varieties that could be selected for fiber and seed as well as to produce higher-THC cultivars. Panama Red was the name given to the bushy red cultivar that ultimately emerged: reportedly of an airier structure and lighter color than its predecessor. the ravages of the cocaine trade have left an indelible mark on Cannabis cultivation. as well as those from Asia. and Cannabis has lessened in importance as an export in recent years. further compounding the problem. ©DIRKVDM . is very apparent in the Cannabis genus. It is likely that the prevalent phenotype for centuries. and in the recent past Panamanian Cannabis was widely available. Alongside (and arguably due to) police crackdowns. or the ability of a plant to change its genetic structure in response to environmental pressures. and a flowering time of around 14 weeks – very similar in description to many African landrace genetics. as well as some Thai and Cambodian. Panama’s near-equatorial latitude and forgiving climate allows for the harvest of very pure. In Panama. cultivation began in earnest when growers brought seeds (thought to be mostly of the Colombian Red cultivar) to the country from Colombia in defiance of the harsh crackdown on drug production there. the single most profitable strain may be exhausted while others are allowed to die off. and represents a significant percentage of overall narcotics trafficking. Kalamata is high in THC with an intense. and in the intervening centuries since their introduction various landraces have evolved.
A fluorescent lamp will use its power to broadcast light in many colors. but not as well as a 400w HID. Dinafem’s Critical Jack seeds were used. . love and puka shells. The lower waste heat of the LEDs could be useful in conditions where excess waste heat is a problem. My experience so far with LEDs has shown them to be unforgiving of errors. should last longer without needing bulb or part replacements. The unit I tested is a commercial 104w combination of one. and leaves a nice warm afterglow. A higher percentage of the energy spent is converted into light that the plants can use. and nutrient uptake problems. and final harvest was 20 grams for a GPD (grams per day) of . overwatering wasn’t an issue. I have no doubt that a 400w LED array could easily outperform a 400w HID light. The testing took more trials than expected. but it was also small for its age. TWELVE DAYS FROM SEED THE CRITICAL JACK FROSTED NICELY. Trial two also ended prematurely.7 ounces (75 grams) which trimmed and dried to . The third trial successfully completed from seed to harvest without incident. It delivers a nicely potent hit. with several wired together to make a single light fixture. bud development was very tight. However. blue and violet bands. DAY 28: THE PLANT WAS MOVED INTO NORMAL LIGHTING FOR THIS PHOTO. but I was curious if the advances in technology had advanced to the point where they were a viable alternative to HIDs and fluorescents. LEDs are made to emit specific wavelengths. is more shock resistant than glass lamps. Trial one ended prematurely due to low temperature issues. it is not an inexpensive unit to purchase: retail price runs in the same ballpark as a budget HID magnetic coil 1000w. and the plant was very bushy. due to a combination of complications from having the light too close to the canopy. Green light is reflected back away from the plant. The Critical Jack has a woody aroma with subtle notes of lemon. ballast. at current market prices. but when using LEDs over soil. Grubbycup DAY 81: THE LED PLANTS ARE SHORT AND DENSE DAY 172: BUDS WITH TIGHT FLORAL CLUSTERS THIS 104W LED UNIT WAS THE ONE USED IN THE TRIAL. if green light is not used by the plant. 400w of LED array is substantially more expensive than 400w of HID lighting. The plants were grown in perlite with small plastic pots as containers. The 1000w light would generate a lot more waste heat. The spacing of the branches was still very short. but may be more appropriate if these factors are not a concern. Overall. they either didn’t work. then that energy is wasted. and as a result. Today’s units still come with the hype and the price. and would add the expense of bulb replacement. they are worth taking a look at – if the cost of purchasing the unit doesn’t break the budget. be careful of over-watering. Since I used perlite as a growing medium. a single 30w LED light might be manufactured from 30 x 1w by Grubbycup diodes. they perform better than HPS or fluorescent technologies. Start to finish it took 185 days. they produce light.108. and the learning curve on use was steeper than it appeared. bulb and socket. so by using red. Plant transpiration under the unit was reduced. the plant appeared to be a miniaturized version of a much larger plant. DAY 185: LEDS CAN FLOWER. to ensure the plants did not suffer due to crowding. Compared to the GPDs from other tests. watt for watt. a positive and a negative. They have two leads.38 ADVANCED INDOOR GROWING LED Trial with Critical Jack LIGHT EMITTING DIODES LEDS ARE USED TO TAKE A PLANT FROM SEED TO BUD Light emitting diodes are electroluminescent. To ensure that the plants were from quality genetics. Chlorophyll uses light with wavelengths primarily from the red. but was easy to set up in a small space. Bud development started very slow. The smoke is sweet tasting. For example. Internode length was shorter. and early growth was compact and vigorous. I can confidently say that it is possible to grow good weed under a well-designed LED light. three of the plants were removed. and that. which is why the plant appears green. FRESH CUT WEIGHT WAS 2. When current is applied from positive to negative. The individual diodes are usually one to five watts each. It seems well built. or didn’t work well. and foliage was denser than my experiences with HPS or fluorescent lighting. smooth with a hint of bite. Prototypes of LED grow lights disappointed a lot of early adopters. The plant finished in 55 days (just under 8 weeks). This includes spending some energy on producing green light. Four seeds were put in to sprout on December 17th.7 ounce (20 grams) of nice smoke. It runs much cooler than HID lighting. The self-contained unit is heavy for its size. and as such I would not recommend them as a good choice for novice growers. blue and violet lamps. but picked up dramatically in the last couple of weeks. The LED unit runs much cooler than traditional lighting. and has a very pleasant exhale. and at least in theory. However. water moved through the plant at a slower rate than I am used to. would require more electricity to use. the 104w LED unit performed better than a 250w HID. Calculating the GPD for each harvest will allow a gardener to compare the success of grows even if the number of days taken for each is different. They sprouted normally. For use in stealth cabinets or in a location where heat is an issue. in an indoor vented closet.7 OUNCES (75 GRAMS). During mid flowering. and as a result the plants suffered from the cool temperatures in the space. energy is not spent on creating green light. LEDs create about the same amount of light per watt as fluorescent lighting.and three-watt LEDs from the Netherlands. they use small doped semiconductors to emit light. or 10 x 3w diodes. However. Lighting was switched to 12 hours on/12 hours off at 130 days from seed. Wet weight was 2. it declared female). The first units arrived on the scene with a lot of hype and a high price tag. and being mostly solid-state. Gender declared itself as normal (being feminized. Peace. LEDs have come a long way since they first hit the market. so initial cost may be an important consideration. An advantage LED lamps have over fluorescent lamps is the ability to project specific wavelengths (colors) of light.
weeks before your girls will be ready. Male hemp grows 10-15% taller than female. male plants have a very important place in hemp farming. They are obviously vital for seed production as. newlyformed male flower basking in the glow of your expensive HPS lights. The plant matter is ground up as small as possible. knowing that they must be removed from the grow straightaway and that all the care and attention you’ve lavished upon them up to now was wasted. It’s a terrible feeling staring at a bunch of males. stable father can be the basis for hundreds of successful crosses. strong males are prized by breeders. Having males and females is an integral part of the Cannabis plant’s nature – just as it is for humans – and maintaining unnatural reproductive cycles for many generations is impossible without great effort.39 Male Cannabis: LET’S HEAR IT FOR THE BOYS! For most growers. The dioecious nature of Cannabis and the different uses for male and female hemp were recorded as early as 221 BC in an early Chinese dictionary. Therefore THC production has already peaked by this point. remember that a higher quantity of male plant matter will be needed than for female plant extraction. The male matures much faster than the female: it is already producing pollen and is ready to die in the initial few weeks of len. It is improbable that good results would be yielded from most methods of hash-making. When selecting males for breeding. if the males are cut just before the flowers mature and begin to release polvery select crops – and hash containing male pollen is said to be yellowish and lower in strength and overall quality. The coarser. Male plants mature faster than females. male specimens of psychoactive Cannabis strains do contain varying amounts of THC and other cannabinoids. clothing and bedding. It is impossible to create and stabilize a new variety without doing it the old-fashioned way (breeding males with females). Any alternative to simply throwing them in the trash has got to be worth considering. around 1. without their pollen. It is said that males make good oil – when extracted by soaking the plant matter in high-quality ethanol – and it is possible that this is the best use for your grow room or greenhouse males. the female’s flower period. but the effect a male’s genes will have on the overall look and potency of his daughters can only be known by growing out the progeny to maturity. Don’t throw them away – try making a batch of brownies. release pollen. WEAVERS HAVE USED THE EARLIER-HARVESTED MALE FIBER TO MAKE FINE LINEN-STYLE ITEMS SUCH AS TOWELS.900 years before Western botanists ‘discovered’ sex in plants – also by studying male Cannabis! For this reason alone. A good. the first sign a plant shows of being male is their cue to rip it up and dispose of it – but is there any use for the males besides causing your precious females to be ruined by seed growth? Unless you are a breeder. the observable traits that are most desirable are low hermaphroditism. the fiber is finer but lower in tensile strength. and this article will tell you a little about them. ©RAYELA ART 2008 . and strains of cultivated monoecious hemp must be re-developed from parent stock every few generations to prevent reversion to the normal dioecious growth. The females then ripen and are harvested for seed and fiber. by Kali Mist In the drug Cannabis industry. In a greenhouse or indoor grow room. and rapid maturation rate. die and are harvested for fiber. sacking and canvas. The archaic English word ‘fimble’ (from the old Dutch femeel) specifically refers to the male hemp plant and male hemp fiber.and A MALE SUPER SILVER HAZE PLANT IN FULL FLOWER – PART OF A BREEDING PROGRAM ©RIKVA 2009 were world-famous. the male of the species deserves a special place in the annals of botanical history. by the time you next have to cut down your males you may be looking forward to it! A FLOWERING MALE HEMP PLANT SHOWING ABUNDANT POLLEN PRODUCTION ©ERIK FENDERSSON 2006 TRADITIONALLY. vigor. CLOTHING AND BEDDING has thinner stalks. On the other hand. Console yourself with the thought that you’ve actually got some usable THC. But male plants do have their uses. new healthy generations cannot emerge. So perhaps. oil – or butter for cooking. The method to produce butter from males is identical to that for females. Through history. you’ve probably never thought much about it. weavers have used the earlier-harvested male fiber to make fine linen-style items such as towels. such as the almost silk-like fabrics manufactured by some Italian weavers. allowing pollination to occur and seeds to develop within the flower as it grows. Although levels are low compared with female plants. armed with these facts. or an eighth of ice-o-lator or oil – who knows. the stalk and foliage may be treated in various ways to extract the psychoactive compounds. some indoor growers of highpotency strains have attempted to make ice-o-lator from males. you’ll be a little more forgiving when you next find yourself staring at a tiny. Scent and floral structure may be discernible from male plants also.to good quality. When attempting any of the above methods. Some. but at some point male pollen should be introduced and new seeds grown as the genetic begins to weaken. Yes. and stirred into melted butter (or a mixture of butter and water to prevent burning) with reportedly good results. and some have reported producing hash of medium. Some enthusiasts claim the products they create are comparable to or even better than those produced from female plants. either in the form of hash. and their properties have been long-studied. stronger female fibers were used for ropes. as THC levels are so low: in many traditional hash-making communities (such as Morocco) males are not separated from females – except for THROUGH HISTORY. good height (neither too short nor too tall). Various males must be allowed to pollinate identical groups of female clones to ascertain which male produces the most viable offspring. female plants can be cloned for many generations. Feminized seed crops must be treated repeatedly with colloidal silver or gibberellic acid to prevent normal flowering. However. MALE HEMP FIBER WAS USED TO MAKE FINE ITEMS LIKE THIS LINEN-STYLE CUSHION. Apart from the world of breeding highpotency Cannabis. But their fibers are also prized.
A friend offered to bake a wedding cake. Half the party fell on it like wolves. I rushed up and grabbed what was left and disappeared upstairs. At first it was going to be a normal fruit cake covered in icing. Playing with them on the floor were my wife’s teenage nieces. It was downhill from there on THEY DROPPED LIKE FLIES . The hash was actually meant to be a reward for the chef. Behind me. I’d just suggested a pinch or two in the mix to mellow things out. it just added to the bizarreness. and that’s where their mother found them. The occasion was my first marriage. The coat (once found) was handed over smelling of weed. When the end finally came it was quick. a shout announced somebody had found the remainder of the cake. Then it started. tripped and fell down the stairs. I was beginning to realize just how strong it was. but not as much as when I discovered the Colombian Ambassador had moved into the back room and was holding audience over an Andean-sized pile of cocaine. The artists had softened to the bankers and even I had managed to shake off the stag night hangover. All about the place the people were starting to turn green. one of my more lecherous musician friends had turned up dressed as a priest and many of the older guests thought he was legit. This was a chapter out of William Burroughs and I was not enjoying it. it seemed like a good idea at the time. It was at that point the cake arrived. I realized the explosive implications of a cake containing sixty grams of hash. When I reappeared with a plate of minute portions there were lots of complaints. a miss-match way back in the heady days of the ‘80s. I heard the explosion from the other end of the party. HE PROMISED TO LOOK AFTER THE CAKE. then the idea to give it a ‘sparkle’ crept in. He promised to look after the cake. hav- THE COLOMBIAN AMBASSADOR HAD MOVED INTO THE BACK ROOM AND WAS HOLDING AUDIENCE OVER AN ANDEAN-SIZED PILE OF COCAINE. The cake tasted so good. a delicious time bomb about to blow the party apart. My seventy-four-yearold grandmother even attended. but did prompt a visit to the back room. it was either the best party ever. they’d all seen it. holding it high. ‘it didn’t seem like much. I couldn’t throw it away.’ Even in my inebriated state. the other half were beginning to wonder why they felt so weird. So. glistening white and sporting a big red ribbon. one uncle had eaten seven pieces. I freaked. but there’s a darker side to eating Cannabis – the surprise effect. In complete panic. To add to the weirdness. the next surprise. The cake was handed over with the whispered words. well. The guest list was varied due to our different professions and wide circle of friends. If the dose is right. in. Unwittingly eating a cookie that takes you into another state of mind can be a little unnerving. Numb and in shock. Rushing into the main room. To my new in-laws I was the devil incarnate. less sensitive days I was inevitably responsible by O’Riodon for giving nearly sixty people just such an experience. The bearer. thanks to that social lubricant: alcohol. My partner’s Siamese cats had retreated to the back room. Then. the wedding ceremony was over and the party was getting into full swing. Using the excuse of looking for a knife. After a moment or two of pleasantries. My new in-laws had just discovered the cloakroom was full of hairy people smokIT’S ALWAYS NICE TO HAVE A ‘PRIEST’ IN ATTENDANCE! ing weed. so I decided to cut off a small piece and hide the rest. In less than a year he would become Minister of Finance and eventually go on to oversee the introduction of the Euro. then headed for the cloakroom to get his coat. His Rolls Royce and escort were blocking the street. the director of the bank dropped by to pay his respects. especially if it’s your first time. On the day. Having already eaten a piece. We married in Amsterdam and the reception was held in the gallery. When somebody walked past carrying a large piece. it can be a pleasant and enlightening experience. he handed over a coffee machine and said goodbye. but that was the least of my problems. when he got drunk and chased women around the party. the haranguing I got had little effect. Back in the party. ing flown over from England with my mother. unaware of the experience yet to come. There was also my new wife’s extensive Dutch family. I even took a half-eaten piece off my grandmother. I discovered my wife’s uncle had found the cake and was passing it out to little old ladies.EDIBLES 41 Dangerous Pastry A DELICIOUS TIME BOMB Eating Cannabis is still one of the best ways of consuming nature’s gift. scattering cake everywhere. I saw cake in all the wrong hands. people kept asking for more and my constant refusal seemed weird. He left. I have to confess in my younger. so we put it all in. I must have seemed deranged. it’s tasty and only as dangerous as the sugar that goes with it. they began to drop like flies – fortunately I left before the ambulances arrived. My grandmother even commented on how nice it was that I had a priest for a friend. I mentioned earlier that my new wife was a money dealer. a moment later he really passed out. Depending upon who you talked to. The guy I was talking to suddenly lay down on the floor and then got up again as if nothing had happened. I disappeared with it into the kitchen and locked the door. I just beat him to the door. When I met him he was just finishing a piece of cake. She was a money dealer and I was a gallery owner. or the worst. befitting her status.
explains: ‘Today’s Cannabis consumers know exactly what to pay attention to when purchasing high-quality seeds. the high quality of the seeds and active participation in creation and distribution of female seeds and the socalled ‘automatic’ species. Northern Light. and the selection and packaging processes take place in a sterile environment. the Royal Queen Seeds company has been an important actor on Europe’s constantly expanding Cannabis seed market. you will obtain a spectacular plant.42 PRODUCT FLASH Royal Queen Seeds Launches New Automatic Species For the past four years. not only because clients expect the correct number of seeds but also because they require them to be selected and packaged with care.com » www. Northern Light Automatic: The other great classic. is a logical step for Royal Queen Seeds. Royal Queen Seeds has decided to launch several new species on the market. a species that flowers even more rapidly than any grower could dream of! Royal Queen Seeds Now Packages Seeds Automatically Royal Queen Seeds has recently introduced a Hapamatic automated packaging machine for packaging seeds. The implementation of the Hapamatic machine.com “THE WAR ON DRUGS HAS FAILED!” 5 “ONE MORE WAY THAT HEMP PLASTIC COULD SAVE OUR LIVES” 17 “HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS” 20 . our seeds are protected from the light and sterilized. and good packaging is of fundamental importance. has been crossed with a Ruderalis strain to create another classic: Northern Light Automatic. in every sense of the word: an automatic Haze that flowers in just nine weeks from bud to harvest! Royal AK Automatic: The well-known AK-47 crossed with a Ruderalis strain to create a genetically stable automatic species.royalqueenseeds. With the new system. great attention is given to factors such as humidity in the air and temperature. already used for years in the medical sector for packaging large quantities of medicine. Thanks to reasonable prices. Our seeds are hand-chosen before being machine-packed. Due to the enormous success of their so-called auto-flowering species. owner of Royal Queen Seeds. Royal Haze Automatic: If you cross a Dutch classic such as Amnesia Haze with a Ruderalis and a type of Skunk. Boy Ramsahai. Royal Queen Seeds has become an extremely prominent company.’ For information: Royal Queen Seeds » info@royalqueenseeds.
and the result is a gritty and soulful mix of inspired afro-beat and big band funk. Universal present this super deluxe edition. Tamer Animals. LA-based. You’re The Man. on vinyl for the first time. There are raw. includes a fullyremastered version of What’s Going On. this debut album recalls the best of Africa 70. A TAUT BEAUTY SPANGLED WITH CRYSTALLINE HARP AND KEYS. and the band counts Zane Lowe. OVER ALL. several post-album outtakes. THERE. as an uncompromising singer. ONE OF THE ALBUM’S MOST STUNNING MOMENTS ARRIVES WITH A SPACIOUS COVER OF GEORGE DUKE’S FOR LOVE I COME. The album introduced Marvin Gaye. ‘I think that has affected me subconsciously. drummer Ronald Bruner. BUT LISTENERS NEEDN’T WORRY. heavy to soft and pretty to ugly. The Golden Age of Apocalypse was years in the making even though. THE BASSNECTAR EXPERIENCE ENGULFS THE SENSES. YET COOLLY ELEGANT BEAUTY THAT MIRRORS THE LANDSCAPE SURROUNDING THEM. epic sweep. INSIDE OF THIS SPACE. in the midst of a vast mid-western plain. locations and times.k. This latest EP release. By Kaz Peet Other Lives Tamer Animals PLAY IT AGAIN SAM At the crossroads of US 177 and State Highway 51. with nary a saddle nor spur in sight. this masterpiece broke the Motown mold. DC.’ Marvin Gaye What’s Going On UNIVERSAL To celebrate the 40th anniversary of Marvin Gaye’s seminal Motown classic What’s Going On. the music covers every conceivable genre and smashes it all into a synthesis of intense. songwriter and producer. his single sequel. THE SET PROVIDES NOT ONLY AN ESSENTIAL PIECE OF MARVIN GAYE HISTORY FOR FANS. wobbling basslines and hypnotic soundscapes. sits Stillwater. ‘no strings’ mix of the title track. and a series of recordings (mostly instrumental) made in Detroit before Marvin followed Motown to Los Angeles. and each song became a journey. IT IS AS PHYSICAL AS IT IS AUDITORY – A LAWLESS ADVENTURE WITH NO LIMITATIONS.a. But Lotus spurred him on. Bruner had never planned on releasing his own music. but Other Lives’s music invokes everything from Phillip Glass’s dazzling minimalism to Morricone’s dark. snapping beats and warm bass. THE FUNK ARK IS YOUR NEW ONE-STOP SHOP FOR BOOTY-SHAKING VINTAGE GROOVES. His Flying Lotus-produced debut. behind What’s Going On. Wayne Coyne of Flaming Lips and Bad Seed Jim Sciavunos among their burgeoning ranks of avid fans. Bruner (a. From the first day of release. is well known for his work with a veritable encyclopedia of artists – both locally and internationally – such as Mya.’ muses Jesse. the JB’s and the Fania Allstars simultaneously. Produced by the band themselves and mixed by Beck’s longtime drummer Joey Waronker. which focuses on Marvin’s LP and post-LP Detroit recordings. to pianist Austin Peralta and his own Grammy-winning brother. New Age synth. BY COMBINING SOUND AND FORCE WITH WEIGHT. rejected. A longtime contributor to others’ albums. and exists as an open-sourced musical project that is as diverse as it is dogged. OR THE CLASSIC WITH THE CUTTING EDGE. unexpected chapter of Beauty and the Beast. RAMP and Raheem Devaughn. the company’s sexy prince. There’s the ebullient Daylight. original Detroit Mix. a soft whirl of bluesy piano. these eleven tracks enfold listeners in a bounteous panoply of melodies and textures reminiscent of Brian Wilson’s daring Smile period. stories and grooves remain timeless. The group’s keyboardist and main songwriter. Tamer Animals was written and recorded at Other Lives’s own studio over a period of sixteen months. is no disappointment. TIME REALLY ISN’T A THING. A meditative act of artistic rebellion. battle like story. ‘TIME WILL PASS US BY’. There’s Walkin. The group draws upon influences from the African. the groundbreaking concept work was recognized as a magnum opus. as raw as it is meticulous and as fierce as it is imaginary. their second album. This 40th anniversary edition couples the much-adored music with the wonders of modern day mastering. as Louis Armstrong once famously said. BRINGING THIS STRING OF DIVINELY UNEXPECTED MOMENTS TO A MOODY AND CINEMATIC CLOSE IS RETURN TO THE JOURNEY. The set. BUT ALSO A UNIQUE AND COMPREHENSIVE INSIGHT INTO ONE OF THE WORLD’S MOST CHERISHED ALBUMS FOR ANY SOUL SISTER OR -BROTHER. including original mono hit singles. Spanning the spectrum of sonic style. then Stephen Bruner’s bass is a mainline to the soul of a man whose DNA was transcribed from the stars onto staff paper. As always. disregarding the rules. an upbeat soul strutter powered by Bruner’s digitally-distorted plucks. Spanning a cosmic stew of players.44 MUSIC REVIEWS Bassnectar Divergent Spectrum AMORPHOUS MUSIC Bassnectar is the brainchild of Lorin Ashton. his lyrics. unlikely hometown to a remarkable band – Other Lives – and its gifted singer/composer and multi-instrumentalist bandleader. out on August 29th 2011. a timeless aural sublimity of The Great Plains of the Old West. futurist electronic strains and timeless musical seeking. SHOUT IT FROM THE ROOFTOPS! Thundercat The Golden Age of Apocalypse BRAINFEEDER If indeed ‘you blows who you is’. Divergent Spectrum. Will Rast. BRUNER SINGS. improvised numbers like Jamboree and virtuosic bass pileups like Fleer Ultra. The term ‘chamber-pop’ readily springs to mind. Jr. Still. offers both stone-cold skill and uncanny astrality. Natalie Clavier.and Latin funk/dance music scenes of the 1960s and ‘70s. Interweaving layer upon layer of intricately winding and pulsing orchestrations. . the end result is unmistakably a Thundercat record – a lush and magical document combining classic jazz-fusion. It is like the next. is ambitious in scope: densely textured and uncompromisingly sophisticated. Federico Aubele. Jesse Tabish. Delivering healthy doses of the sound. yet instantly appealing and alluringly mysterious. The package also includes rare and unseen photography from throughout the recording process and the remarkable. AND NO HESITATION IN FUSING THE FAMILIAR WITH THE STRANGE. The Golden Age of Apocalypse. He will also be featuring on ESL Instigators – Thievery Corporation’s forthcoming release. it traverses a mashed-up aural continuum that reaches from dark to light. picking up where the pair left off on 2010’s Cosmogramma – further distilling the jazz current running through that landmark Lotus release. UNDERPINNING THE ALBUM’S RICH PALETTE OF SOUNDS IS THE BAND’S NATIVE DUST BOWL AUSTERITY: A STARK. to produce an unparalleled insight into Marvin’s showpiece. For 12 has already gotten the thumbs up from Radiohead. Thundercat) is accompanied by an impressive cast ranging from Erykah Badu to members of Sa-Ra and J*DaVeY. ‘You go five miles outside Stillwater and it’s just untouched plains. The Funk Ark From the Rooftops ESL MUSIC The Funk Ark is a world funk ensemble based in Washington. For 12 especially exemplifies the latter: its galloping rhythms conjure a feeling of uneasy expansiveness. the original. The Motor City theme of this edition continues on the included 12-inch: the LP’s rare. The first single off of Tamer Animals. OK.
/Skip out for beer during commercials. Home Is Where The Hatred Is. would be a major influence on such groups as Public Enemy and NWA.OBITUARY 45 Cultivating his interest in music and literature. When Gil was 12 his grandmother died. He was soon approached by the jazz producer Bob Thiele who. she bought him a second-hand piano from a local funeral parlor and introduced him to the writings of the Harlem Renaissance novelist and poet Langston Hughes. It was a title that ScottHeron himself always deplored. Bobbie. Gilbert Heron. It was there that he met Gil’s mother. flautist and Gil Scott-Heron: SOUL BROTHER SADLY PASSES AWAY. The song went on to be covered. with the anti-drug song Angel Dust. I’m New Here.’ composer who would become his main collaborator on nine albums. His declamatory singing style. and his political message. Thiele released Small Talk at 125th and Lenox. a keyboard-player. His parents separated when he was two. a thriller about ghetto life. Scott-Heron’s music reflected something of the militancy and self-assertiveness of such theorists and polemicists as Malcolm X and Stokely Carmichael. his songs that rumble from deep within his soul will continue to incite and inspire generations of young people to take up the struggle from where he left off. it first appeared in the form of a spokenword recitation on his debut album Small Talk at 125th and Lenox. The Vulture (1970). a compelling attack on the mindless and anesthetizing effects of the mass media. a librarian and an accomplished singer. serving jail time for various offenses. The following year he recorded the song for a second time. Lillie Scott. In 2010. and a collection of poetry. Gil Scott-Heron was born in Chicago on April 1st. while working as a clerk at a dry cleaners. in 1978. a Jamaican who had settled in America.’ Written when Scott-Heron was just 18. Tennessee. Gil won a scholarship to a private school.’ He preferred to call himself ‘a blues-ologist’. the Ethical Culture Fieldston School./Because the revolution will not be televised. and would lead to his being described as ‘the godfather of rap’. On the recommendation of his high school English teacher. before going on to study at Lincoln University in Pennsylvania. turn on and cop out. who played on ScottHeron’s second album. He said: ‘You don’t really see inside the person. and he was sent to live with his maternal grandmother. this time with a full band. as head of the Impulse label. in the early ‘50s Gilbert Sr. 1949. rail-thin man with a wispy goatee beard and a countenance of prophetic gravity. and a call to arms to the black community: ‘You will not be able to stay home brother. and he moved to New York to be reunited with his mother. as well as being the cowriter (with George David Weiss) of Louis Armstrong’s What a Wonderful World. and one that always emphasized lyrical content over technique. sunshine and tears’. Both a genius and a soldier. about campus unrest. Small Talk at 125th and Lenox. who brought up her son on her own. earning the nickname ‘the Black Arrow’. He enjoyed further chart success in 1976 with Johannesburg and. but was to fall victim to drug abuse more than two decades later. In his second year at university he was given leave of absence to write a novel. who became a major influence. Scott-Heron would credit his grandmother with being one of the primary influences on his life: ‘[She] raised me to not sit around and wait for people to guess what’s on your mind – I was gonna have to say it. in Jackson. musician. who died on May 27th. described it as ‘a voice like you would have for Shakespeare’. Scott-Heron sang in a roughly arresting voice that was once described as a mixture of ‘mahogany. was a composer. there was a resurgence of interest in his work when he returned with his first studio album in 16 years. made him widely recognized as one of the Kaz Peet most inspirational figures of rap music and beyond. The Bottle and the anti-apartheid anthem Johannesburg. before returning to Chicago. . The bass player Ron Carter. He was named after his father. On graduation he published a second novel. for his seminal album Pieces of a Man. played football professionally for Celtic and Third Lanark. The followup Pieces of Man brought him together (on record) for the first time with Brian Jackson. The Nigger Factory (1971). Scott-Heron first came to attention with his 1970 recording The Revolution Will Not Be Televised. where his prowess at football brought him to the attention of talent scouts from Scotland. had recorded such artists as John Coltrane. Gil ScottHeron’s legacy will survive his death. YET HIS SPIRIT SHALL NEVER FADE! Gil Scott-Heron. poet and author whose writings and recordings provided a vivid – and often stinging – commentary on social injustice and the black American experience. aged 62. Instead. With mantra-like incessance. Pieces Of A Man. But anger was not the only color in Scott-Heron’s music palette. songs such as Must Be Something and It’s Your World were moving affirmations of faith in the power of the human spirit. including Whitey’s On The Moon. a live recording of one of ScottHeron’s club performances. you just get a lot of posturing. sampled and referenced in innumerable recordings. Over the course of 20 albums he produced a series of sardonic and biting commentaries on ghetto life and racial injustice. Sonny Rollins and Dizzy Gillespie. His vocal style. allied to the overtly political content of his work./You will not be able to plug in./ You will not be able to lose yourself on skag and skip. A tall.
whether local-. Cover Photo: Grubbycup Comic: oz. Even folks like myself. Gay. Federal or international.net Mountain High Paradise Seeds Pollinator Company Royal Queen Seeds As oft-marginalized as Cannabis users are. et al. Whether they are finding their way to the local medical distribution point or growing for personal stash. I thought it was GO-GO DANCING FLOAT a fun show with some underlying serious messages. as suggestive REPRESENTED ALL TYPES. Black leather. I was trying to make my way across it to get to the HT Cannabis Cup. we can certainly understand how difficult the fight for LGBT rights can be. the sight of naked and semi-naked people appeared to have little adverse effect on the crowd. who had not planned on attending (and merely stumbled into the area) seemed far more amused than shocked by anything we saw. Signs and flags proclaimed support for tolerSMILING PEOPLE IN BRIGHT COSTUMES ance. In the meantime. Editorial adress: E-mail: kristie@softsecrets. and it was one of the biggest parades of its kind. The editors take no responsibility for unsolicited submissions. almost half of the states have embarked on a process of relative liberalization towards the use of Cannabis. CA 90067 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Distribution by: P.nl Editor in chief: Kristie Szalanski Contributors: Grubbycup.Red. and even more non-users than ever. As usual. Taxpayers are frustrated with funding the incarceration of first-time. purple corsets and rainbows galore passed by. Kali Mist. This year’s theme was ‘In Pride We Trust’. which was on the other side of the parade route from where I was. Buddy Kush. The publisher therefore distances himself explicitly from statements or images that might give the impression that an endorsement is being made for the illicit use or production of Cannabis. the crowd seemed very wellbehaved. San Francisco held the 41st annual San Francisco Lesbian. In 1969 police raided a bar named the ‘Stonewall Inn’. Soft Secrets USA #5/2011 out: October 18th. The Sativa Diva. I happened upon a parade. The annual celebration commemorates riots that took place at a bar in Greenwich Village. people stood three-deep or more to watch the festivities. and the other a stark reminder of the intolerance and bigotry that still exists. Overall. I had to at least stop and take a look. which resulted in a riot. Churches marched in the parade. and Cannabis activists are engaged in broadening this progression. The parade itself is a symbol of the success of that tolerance. Soft Secrets forums operate under the assumption that the publisher does not necessarily agree with the views and opinions expressed in articles and advertisements therein. In spite of its somber inspiration. Bisexual. simultaneously decreasing the number of unnecessary arrests. the publisher hopes Soft Secrets will expose the positive aspects of the normalization of Cannabis use to the public. these days the festival appeared to be more a demonstration of free speech – and as an excuse for outrageous outfits. and throughout the path of the parade. Transgender Pride Celebration. Soft Secrets does not advocate breaking any laws. with a dash of Salvador Dali thrown in for good measure. New York. Usually presented in a very matter-of-fact. non-violent drug offenders (read: pot smokers) as well as the social toll that high numbers of imprisonment brings to some towns and neighborhoods.46 MARCHES & DEMOS / INDEX OF ADS / COLOFON Index of ads Name Advanced Seeds All American Healing Group Apothecary 420 Attitude the Attitude the Best Price Evaluations Dinafem Seeds Funky Skunk the Ganja Juice Green Door the Higher Level Hydroasis. Kaz Peet. state-. Some politicians. Distribution Carlos Garcia Circulation Manager www. The costumes ranged from sensual to absurd. but that didn’t seem like a bad thing. each vying for attention. Cannabis users are a menace to no one and are causing no discernible social problem. while go-go dancers of all sorts gyrated for the crowd.com Intellibusiness Management Letgrow. Floats.N. Some townships. Colophon Page 1 40 16 2 4 19 25 43 28 48 40 43 8 1 43 1 43 47 43 35 11 1 32 35 Soft Secrets USA is published by Discover Publishers USA.org Telephone: +1-310-488-1911 A word from the publisher: To the chagrin of the US Federal Government. On the 26th of June 2011. love and puka shells. 2011 .I.A. Actor Olympia Dukakis made a personal appearance in a classic car. 24th floor / Suite 2400 Los Angeles. Inc Century Park Plaza 1801 Century Park East. I hadn’t originally intended to go to the parade. Nothing from this publication may be copied or reproduced in any format without prior permission from the publisher and other copyright holders.magazinedistribution. welcoming all to their flocks. Thousands of people were in attendance. Chaz Bono (formerly Chastity Bono. humorous or overly suggestive way. Peace. Sensible Seeds Serious Seeds Strain Genius Sweet Seeds Sweet Seeds Vapors SOME OUTFITS WERE MORE INTERESTING THAN OTHERS. It looked like a lot of fun. nudity was a common sight – despite not generally being tolerated in public. I couldn’t pass up the opportunity. parents are Sonny and Cher) was this year’s celebrity Grand Marshal.nl Advertisements: Jessica Telephone: +1-661-333 3151 E-mail: jessica@softsecrets. Grubbycup Gay Pride Parade in San Francisco While on my way to the Cannabis Cup. On the one hand a playful celebration of sexuality. polite and a smorgasbord for people-watching. the motorcycle club ‘Dykes on BIKES’ spearheaded the show. The publisher is not responsible for the content and/or point of view of advertisements. But I was in San Francisco. and is excited to offer a forum to both proand anti-legalization advocates. Now we must be patient and see how the debate develops during a period of relative peace between both sides. F. O’Riodon. mayors and police chiefs – on a local level – now actively support a ‘compassion club’ distribution system as a way of separating recreational stoners from the people who legitimately need therapeutic help. That event and its repercussions are often credited with being a galvanizing force that helped by Grubbycup unite the LGBT movement into organizing. cars and people on foot paraded in front of an admiring crowd. are calling for the outright legalization of marijuana.
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