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ISSUE 4 2011
18+ For adults only. Soft Secrets is published six times a year by Discover Publishers USA, Inc.
In this issue:
THE WAR ON DRUGS HAS FAILED!
A report has just been issued by the Global Commission on Drug Policy, condemning the ineffective and often damaging policies implemented in the War on Drugs. What does this mean for our industry, and how can we move forward? ›› 5
A Cease-Fire in the Drug War?
Doesn’t it seem as if overnight, Cannabis has become socially acceptable in America? The Global Commission on Drug Policy has just released a report about the utter failure of the War on Drugs, despite the billions of dollars flushed through it over the years. HR 2306 could present the first-ever modern Federal legislation that would allow peace for the pot industry, since its criminalization in 1937. A mind-blowing documentary called What if Cannabis Cured Cancer is now sweeping the globe, allaying many of the fears regarding medicinal marijuana that plague the medical community – as well as vindicating the thousands of activists and proponents who have been shouting (at seemingly deaf ears) for decades about the merits of our beloved plant. It’s true. Cannabis is not that bad for you. If the product is grown organically and handled carefully, the consumption of the drug – even smoking it, although we cannot deny the dangers of smoking in general – is not physically addictive, and most of the negative consequences of its effects can be directly attributed to the shortcomings of the user. The punitive nature of America’s drug policies has done more harm than good in incarcerating first-time, non-violent individuals who, at worst, should be in drug treatment facilities. In moderation or clinical settings, Cannabis presents a therapeutic substance that treats more ailments than any other single drug in the history of medicine and should not be unjustly demonized. Allowing people to grow weed will not lead to the immediate collapse of human civilization, nor will it plunge our youth into the depths of depravity. We need education, quality control, safe access, protection for care-givers and patients; but mostly, we need to be TAXED so that cash can be put towards the necessary legislation, organizations and social programs. Sorry, drug dealers: we all know that if weed were ever legalized the price would drop. Why panic? It won’t drop that much, and if laws loosen, the groups of
ades about the freedoms lavished upon the smoking masses in this low-lying nation. Well, it’s all potentially about to crash and burn, as the Dutch government wants to issue marijuana membership cards to legal, tax-paying residents only, restricting their purchases to the one coffeeshop nearest to their house. At a maximum limit of three grams. Read on to find out how this might affect your next vacation.... Finally, no Drug War edition would be complete without a mention of Eddy Lepp. Perhaps one of the most famous Green Prisoners in the world, Eddy is
What if Cannabis Cured Cancer?
Simon, proprietor of Serious Seeds, explains how the Cannabis seed industry is even more susceptible to piracy than the music world, and what will happen if it’s not prevented. ›› 14
HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS The Devil’s Harvest Seed Company reveal their secrets of Cannabis seed feminization, why they do it and what the future holds for this Amsterdam label. ›› 20
people who secretly like Cannabis, but avoid it due to issues such as the fact that it’s still absurdly classed as Schedule I, will soon join the ranks of your customer lists. Demand will likely increase, and you can finally go legit! This issue of SSUSA presents a few different ramifications of the War on Drugs, including some of the international effects of bad drug stigma, such as the impending ‘Weed Pass’ in the Netherlands. You’ve all heard for dec-
hardly visible in the Cannabis press, despite his famous arrest and incarceration. Due to his contributions to the medical Cannabis community over the years, we felt that he deserved a ‘visit’. It’s ironic that some of the very pioneers who assisted in the liberalization of US pot laws are locked away and cannot enjoy the new freedom themselves. Things are looking up, folks; however, we’ve still got a long way to go towards complete legalization. How are you helping?
FROM THE EDITOR
Don’t see your company, product or techniques featured in the pages of SSUSA? Wish your activist organization could get a little free press? Contact us! Are you or is someone you know particularly gifted with a camera? Then why not submit your amateur photos to SSUSA? They could end up on the cover! Subject is of your choosing, and an emphasis on Cannabis is absolutely not necessary. Be as creative and expressive as possible, and you might just see your work on the front page, or within the next issue of Soft Secrets USA. Photographers will be credited for their work. Cannabis photos are rarely used for cover shots. Oh, and let’s keep it classy, people! Not into photography but still have an interesting talent or story? Contact us if you think you deserve a place in our publication. Feel free to let us know about new books, television and film projects; festivals, events and demonstrations, medical advances, green prisoners or even interesting companies who deserve a little support and media coverage. We love hemp, and are always happy to highlight the innovations that make this industry so exciting. We hope to hear from you. * Press concerns and photos (minimum resolution 300dpi @ 4x4 inches) may be emailed to Kristie@softsecrets.nl. * All submissions will be handled with discretion. Soft Secrets USA is not responsible for unsolicited submissions, either for graphics or text.
IN THIS ISSUE:
Cease-Fire in the Drug War? Page 3 Girl: Warlock The War on Drugs Has Failed! What if Cannabis Cured Cancer? HR 2306 Strain Awards Eddy Lepp Dutch Weed Pass Seed Piracy Hemp Kevlar How to Feminize Cannabis Didymium Glasses Mila’s Journey Rolling Papers Breeding Grubbycup’s Stash Pollinator Company HT Medical Cannabis Cup International Seed Market Thanks, Jacques Kalamata & Panama Red LED Trial: Critical Jack Male Cannabis Dangerous Pastry Royal Queen Seeds Hy’s Deli by oz. A Stoned Selection Gil Scott-Heron Gay Pride San Francisco Colophon 1 3 5 7 9 10 12 13 14 17 20 23 24 26 29 31 31 33 36 37 38 39 41 42 42 44 45 46 46 FROM THE EDITOR STRAIN REPORT LEGAL FILM REVIEW/MEDICINAL LEGAL STRAIN REPORT GREEN PRISONERS AMSTER-RANT
MADE IN HOLLAND
The Warlock was created in the early 1990s by Gerrit, the owner and breeder of Magus Genetics. Due to personal circumstances Gerrit was not able to continue his business and we from Serious Seeds decided to incorporate the strains of Magus Genetics into our program. The Warlock won the 3rd place at the High Times Cannabis Cup in 1997. Short and bushy during the vegetative period, it grows huge, compact buds with few leaves in flowering. Especially indoors the Warlock is a good yielder, with a harvest of 400-500g per square meter. The clear white pistils change to a tan/pinkish color when ripe. Warlock has a sweet smell with a tinge of sour, reminiscent of fresh fruits. The effect is felt very quickly after the toke and is a strong high, which is felt more in the head than in the body. Due to its high THC content, the Warlock has good medical qualities for pain relief and against insomnia. Name: Pedigree: Warlock Mostly indica (Skunk/Afghani x Afghani) Breeder: Gerrit from Magus Genetics Producer: Serious Seeds Height: Short and bushy Weight: Good yielder (400-500g/m2) Flowering Time: 55-60 days
HEMP INNOVATIONS GENETICS/BREEDING SERIOUS GARDENING FILM REVIEW HEMP INNOVATIONS ORGANIC CULTIVATION SHOP REVIEW, NL FESTIVALS & EXPOS GENETICS/BREEDING SMUGGLER’S TALES ENDANGERED STRAINS ORGANIC CULTIVATION BOTANY MEDICINAL PRODUCT FLASH COMIC MUSIC OBITUARY MARCHES & DEMOS FROM THE EDITOR
neighboring countries were quick to paint gloomy pictures of the country’s future. increased use. More exactly. Mind you. marginalization and stigmatization of people who use drugs but who do no harm to others. other countries still stubbornly deny that a new approach is needed. So. to sum up. The Financial Times estimated that the War on Drugs had far-surpassed the trillion-dollar mark.’ Also. Enter the Global Commission on Drug Policy Together with a group of illustrious commissioners (amongst whom were George Papandreou. the death of brain cells and mental disorders: these are some of the many scare tactics used over the decades to convince people of the dangers of drug-use. broadly generating an uproar from neighboring nations and international press. it is easy to spot the correlation between prohibition. it was surprising to read that the Global Commission on Drug Policy. the taxpayers. depression. the Global Commission on Drug Policy has recognized the need to re-evaluate the international approach to drug use and production. with budgets surpassing $40B a year in America alone. a part of the United Nations. With no other source of income. to: IS IT THE CANNABIS OR THE PROPAGANDA CAUSING DEPRAVITY? (PHOTO BY KAT) . JUNE 2011 In their new report. it was also accused of causing depravity in white women who. And yet nothing has really changed since the War on Drugs first started. Even though Portugal was able to show positive results over the last ten years. high prices and no quality control – which can potentially lead to disastrous health issues. it also affected white people by encouraging them to abandon their moral values. the Commission has officially recognized the utter failure of the War on Drugs – as well as the devastating consequences it has had on society and its members. In a publication released in the beginning of June 2011. History has shown this on numerous accounts. 27% and 34. the international approach to drugs has been one of intolerance. Despite this. on the first of July. everyone thought it would be for the best. While drug use and possession are still legally prohibited.. Prime Minister of Greece. If we are to look at relevant historical references. consumers also have to deal with insecurity in obtaining the drug. the Global Commission on Drug Policy published data claiming that rather than dropping. Portugal decriminalized the use of drugs. 2001. insecurity. WAR ON DRUGS REPORT. A couple of countries decided upon new approach- DRUG PROMOTION (PHOTO BY MANTAS RUZVELTAS) es. claiming it would see increased drug use amongst youth and become a drug user’s haven. Cannabis. Paul Volcker. However. With no regulation whatsoever. violations of those prohibitions are considered as administrative violations. hard-drug use. former Chairman of the US Federal Reserve and Economic Recovery Board and Kofi Annan. In 2010. The war on Cannabis is the perfect example. would start listening to the Devil’s music – which we now call ‘Jazz’. The results of prohibition remain the same today as they were then. Their conclusions are basic and most are obvious. reinforcing the apparent need to combat it by any means possible. This situation is one of which many are aware: politicians. given a bit of thought: to ‘End the criminalization. Buddy Kush When the decision was made to start an official war against the use of drugs back in the early 20th century. taxpayers pay the government to ultimately help the very criminals it claims to fight against. waves of propaganda and misinformation were very efficient in convincing the citizens of the risks these drugs brought to the established order and moral values of the new world. Substances leading to violence. former Secretary General of the United Nations). Ernesto Zedillo. economists. In the first week of June however. not criminal offenses. former President of Mexico. after having consumed the drug. Most of us with a basic understanding of market and social dynamics have known that it was an approach bound to fail. governments continue to invest increasing amounts of funds into a losing battle. To give a concrete example.5%. Having heard of this decision.5 A REPORT FROM THE GLOBAL COMMISSION ON DRUG POLICY The War on Drugs Has Failed! Since the last hundred years. had published an article recognizing the failure of the War on Drugs and offering a set of principles and recommendations to efficiently tackle the issue.. sociologists – as well as the criminals involved. ill health and criminality: the alcohol prohibition that took place in the 1920s. Not only was this drug considered to be responsible for the moral depravity spreading through the US via foreign immigrants. ANY means possible. by the way – and to be promiscuous with black men. harsh repression and propaganda – as well as a recognized waste of taxpayers’ hard earned cash. but for a very few pioneers. the government has to use taxation to finance its inefficient war. cocaine and opiate use have all increased over a ten year period (1998-2008) with a respective increase of 8.5%. governments worldwide have so far refused to adjust their approach. And who pays the price for all this? One simple answer: you and me.
allowing institutions to focus on drug use linked to larger social issues (childhood trauma. 2.e. points six and seven). all concerned parties (families. etc. Needless to say we’ll be doing our part.) which truly do need attention. however (i. as well as revenues that the government can then tax to finance rehabilitation centers. 2. What about you? For more information on the report. And indeed. they could potentially find themselves without employment. thereby reducing the harms linked to the underground market. textile-. There are exceptions though. Encourage experimentation with regulation models designed to undermine organized crime and benefit the health and security of end users. despite certain shortcomings.’ An ultimate goal is ‘to rethink the approach now in place with regards to people involved in the lower end of the illegal drug markets. so long as a curious mind exists. etc. living conditions. if lacking. It is therefore important to be critical. naturally. drug use will never cease. Switzerland. neglect. Until this is done. check online at: http://www. Establish better methods to measure the progress. It is time for us to face the issue head-on and adapt.’ organized crime and traffickers. 4. forbid research into certain drugs. we should discuss the possible creation of licenses allowing the production of these drugs. is not in any way a measure of success – especially when the consumption of said drug continues to rise.. we can not only ensure that the misconceptions are dispersed. Stop considering drug users criminals and offer them health and treatment services to those in need. There are a couple of notions that appear to be lacking. but also give everyone the information necessary for them to be able to make an educated decision with regards to drug use. society’s leaders) will actively need to take part in order to start rectifying generations’ worth of misinformation. We must act now! A very good first step. even today.org/report STIMULATING GOVERNMENTS TO EXPERIMENT WITH REGULATION AND DECRIMINALIZATION HAS PROVEN THAT A LESS REPRESSIVE APPROACH LEADS NOT ONLY TO LOWER DRUG USE. Pursue an open debate and break through the taboo surrounding drugs.6 ‘encourage experimentation by governments with models of legal regulation. Not only will economic interests shift – imagine what will happen to the paper-. It is essential to everything we do in life. The War on Drugs has failed. the number of drugs intercepted. The UN must provide leadership in global drug policy reform. the control of the drug market and the funds it generates will remain as they are. trustworthy means of distribution. prevention. especially [with regards] to Cannabis’ and ‘offer health and treatment services to those in need. To be Perfected… Stimulating governments to experiment with regulation and decriminalization – as countries such as the Netherlands. we must also take other social repercussions into account. decades’ worth of propaganda will have to be addressed before any truly unbiased conclusion can be reached. Develop new sentences for first-time/ small-scale dealers. However. considering the problem rationally (not emotionally) and learning from past mistakes is the key to moving things forward. The day our approach to drugs evolves. In this case. Offer a wide and easily accessible range of options for treatment of drug dependence. as peer pressure. 3. 9.) This seems a very commendable set of principles. Invest more in evidence-based prevention. COMPARISON OF THE CANNABIS MARKETS IN FRANCE AND THE NETHERLANDS The Measure Themselves: In order to tackle this vast task. to keep all these facts in mind and to discuss the issue in its entirety to guarantee as smooth a transition as we can. it is time for the relevant institutions to face the facts. 4. 7. This dynamic will not change unless the legality of drug use and production in itself is revised. educational initiatives and so forth. It is quite an accurate representation of the control each group has on the market. Base drug policies on human rights and public health principles. Countries continuing to invest heavily in law enforcement should focus on Conclusions Isn’t it amusing that these facts – which have been preached by activists for years – are finally being acknowledged now that a group of governmental celebrities is repeating them? Regardless.and construction industries the day hemp is fully legalized – but entire new markets will appear. Through open discussion and effective education. to focus repressive actions on violent criminal organizations[.. shared responsibility. 10. To this end. 6. create jobs and economic income and reduce health risks (with regard to altered substances). it can be summarized in a pyramidal structure with the end-user a continually repressive approach to dealers help in curbing consumption? Instead. Together with the necessary regulations and quality controls this could create a more secure. which can easily be applied given the extensive research done internationally by recognized authorities. because of certain countries which. small scale dealers come next. plus medical-. adapt it – modify it to suit your needs. there is no denying that. Judging the success of the War on Drugs by the number of arrests made. law enforcement etc. the drugs market. Spain and Portugal have done – has proven that a less repressive approach leads not only to lower drug use but also to less health issues linked to their consumption. More than that. This will create new jobs. socialand political experiments done internationally. 5. judge the results and.globalcommission ondrugs. Drug policies must be pursued in a comprehensive way. health specialists. social and cultural realities into consideration. pharmaceutical companies. the conclusions are as follows: The Principles: 1. Policies should be a global. to invest in drug prevention and drug education. This is why extensive efforts must be made to provide adequate resources for prevention – with a focus on the ‘sensitive’ social groups such as youths – as well as the developing of easy access to treatment for the people suffering from drug dependencies. Challenge misconceptions about drug users. Base drug policies on solid evidence. the ‘forbidden fruit’ effect. This would thereby limit drug use linked to external influences such DOES THIS MEAN I’LL GET MY CROP BACK? (PHOTO BY KAT) placed at the top. petrochemical. socio-economic status or. BUT ALSO TO LESS HEALTH ISSUES the health sector. law enforcement. while also eliminating the need for an illegal market in one fell swoop. 11. You try an approach. with a special focus on youth. this publication has created waves throughout international press and has .] but first and foremost to begin the transformation of the “global drug prohibition regime” by replacing current measures with responsible policies and strategies built on facts and not on ideology and political convenience. taking diverse political. As many have said before. followed by larger scale dealers and organized crime forming the wide base. involving all relevant parties (families. Imagine how many people profit from the War on Drugs: the prison industry. How will really opened up the debate about our approach to drugs worldwide. the Commission has agreed upon a list of four principles and eleven recommendations they hope can help rectify the situation. 3. Based on discussion. 8. The necessary steps towards rectifying the situation will contain big challenges. drug use in itself and drug dependency. security firms. If one looks at the current structure of drug trade/use. The Recommendations: 1.
CBC: Found in extremely low levels. affects the impact of THC. Anti-proliferative (inhibits cell growth). anxiolytic (anti-anxiety). strongly inhibits tumor growth in leukemia and breast cancer. Naysayers.and immune systems. If nothing else. If Cannabis (and the drug compounds therein) is so dangerous. Type II diabetes.Stereo . then why do we produce nearly atomically-twin substances that our body requires to survive? According to Di Marzo (1998). presenting a quick. smokers. then that’s definitely not true. Apoptopic (hastens death of cancer cells). Written and directed by Len Richmond Narrated by Peter Coyote Edited by Massimo Mazzucco Running Time: 60 minutes . has protective. You read that correctly: human beings produce the endogenous version of the herbal cannabinoids responsible for the myriad effects brought about by the consumption of weed. Anti-metastatic (stops cancer’s ability to spread). anti-depressant. In addition. The endo-cannabinoid system. Forget what? According to Dr. bronchial dilator. Due to the oily nature of the cannabinoids (the stuff that spreads all over your fingers when you handle buds) the compounds are easily able to slip between the two parts of the body. the unique combination of these compounds. BY 1942. which protects the brain from infection and other harm. Anti-angiogenic (prevents fresh blood supply to tumors). we need our ECS for mechanisms that help us to ‘relax. scientific evidence that will only fail to silence opponents to medical marijuana if they choose to entirely ignore the research. ALL CANNABIS-BASED DRUGS HAD BEEN REMOVED FROM US PHARMACIES. THCV: Mostly in S. is responsible for modulating energy intake. Even if you already knew much of the information covered in What if Cannabis Cured Cancer. their original intent was to receive the same compounds when produced by the human body. CBD: Non-psychoactive.Color . such as ethno-botany. neuroprotector. providing physical. doubters. smell. or ECS. education into the physical workings of these substances. and storage. smoke or vaporize it. The documentary begins with a brief education on the ancient relationship between Cannabis and humans. or we. Whether or not the above are true.’ It is a known fact that the lack of pain memory is one of the more important evolutionary aspects of our bodies. sleep.DVD » www. anti-psychotic. the ECS regulates our moods.lenrichmondfilms. but cannabinoids actually have a semi-protective effect on the body. slows growth of lungand breast cancer. will burst.com Some important cannabinoid functions: THC: Mimics the body’s own ECS. scientists claim that hemp was the first intentionally cultivated plant. Most animals and other organisms also have cannabinoid receptors. and this is especially important for brain cancer patients. shielding healthy cells and inciting the ‘suicide’ of cancer cells. Cannabinoid impact on cancer: Seeking out cancer cells and preferentially killing them. KURT CANNABIS (MALCOLM MCDOWELL) AND CONNIE CANCER (ROSEANNE BARR) LIGHTEN THE MOOD IN A SPECIAL COMEDY SHORT. agrarian ones. fights diabetes. THESE FOUR CANNABINOIDS ARE CONSIDERED AMONG THE MOST IMPORTANT OF THE 400+ COMPOUNDS FOUND IN CANNABIS. anti-inflammatory. in other realms. Hard facts replace conjecture. causing a shift from hunter/gatherer societies to static. growers. known as endogenous cannabinoids. Raphael Mechoulam. as well as virus-induced leukemia. Perhaps short-term memory isn’t such a bad thing after all. the man who discovered THC in 1964. Anthropological conjecture exists over whether Cannabis consumption somehow stimulated early human language skills. If you haven’t seen this film. CANNABIS PHARMACEUTICALS PRESENT A LESS-TOXIC ALTERNATIVE FOR INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE ALREADY ILL. ‘We need to have a way to One of the reasons that Cannabis does not physically addict is because of our ECS – our bodies recognize cannabinoids. effect and duration of each of your favorite strains. anyone who has ever had an opinion about Cannabis must watch this film and truly become enlightened. African/Thai strains. encourages cancer cell death. but research diverges here as the functions sometimes differ between species. AND WHY WE SHOULD CONTINUE TO DO SO FOR THE SAKE OF THE HUMAN RACE. eat. activists. .or herbal) have in the human body. virus-induced leukemia. blends together to present the exact flavor. Many people like to believe they truly ‘know everything there is to know about Cannabis’. THIS DOCUMENTARY WILL BE ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT FILMS YOU EVER WATCH. sedative. nutrient transport and metabolism. fights LEN RICHMOND HAS STUNNED VIEWERS WITH A MASTERPIECE DOCUMENTING THE BIO-CHEMISTRY OF CANNABIS: WHAT IF CANNABIS CURED CANCER ANSWERS QUESTIONS THAT VIEWERS PERHAPS NEVER THOUGHT TO ASK ical Cannabis are explained empirically.. It is this action that takes place when certain cannabinoids pass into the brain. Activists from within the community will rejoice: the merits of medbut extremely in-depth. be assured that your education will still have been expanded through the watching of this astonishing film. Writer and director Len Richmond has stunned viewers with a masterpiece documenting the bio-chemistry of Cannabis: What if Cannabis Cured Cancer answers questions that viewers perhaps never thought to ask. forget. THC has also been medically-proven to slow the growth of breast. where they can then destroy cancer cells in a carefully-guided attack.. forget and protect’. malignant tumors and bacterial infections. plus a few others. reproductive. Ever wondered why Cannabis gets you high? It’s no accident. or endoSativa Diva cannabinoids.DOCUMENTARY 7 What if Cannabis Cured Cancer? THIS MINDBLOWING FILM EXPLAINS HOW AND WHY WE GET HIGH FROM CANNABIS. and is now scientifically-proven. However. you will obtain the peace of mind that comes with certainty: everything we’ve been saying for years about the benefits of Cannabis has been true. doctors. makes ‘high’ come on faster but last less time. This means that our very most precious and essential systems are being aided in function and control by the ECS. antiinflammatory. Many of its protective and therapeutic effects may be attributed to the ability of these substances to move freely through the ‘brain/blood barrier’. preventative effect against malignant tumors. circulatory-. CBN: Primary product of THC degradation. anti-epileptic. Not only does smoking moderate amounts of weed NOT cause cancer. including the nervous-. After millions of years of evolution (beginning with the humble sea squirt) humans have developed a sophisticated system of receptors – one of the densest of its type in the human body – specifically designed to accept the exact chemical compounds produced by the Cannabis plant.and lung cancer tumors. Whether you ingest. one cannot argue about the proven role and functions that cannabinoids (endogenous. may act as anti-depressant. drink.
DEMOCRATIC RON PAUL. all cynicism aside. as was effectively the case prior to 1937. let alone the House. and it is true that on many issues their views are entirely unaligned. This bill was each time co-sponsored and supported by Ron Paul. sale and taxation of Cannabis would be wholly regulated by state authorities. and as such is a milestone in the saga of Cannabis politics. his interest in pro-marijuana legislation apparently extends beyond the hypothetical: Paul has even promoted the cause of industrial hemp in the past. When it comes to marijuana.). a strong dislike of the ‘nanny state’ – and belief in self-determination and our inherent freedom to decide what to put into our bodies.. Texas).’ Frank also authored the State’s Right to Medical Marijuana Act in 2001. there is a RON PAUL HAS LENT HIS NAME TO AN OTHERWISE ALL-DEMOCRAT PROPOSITION and damaging to society.. it is a positive step in the continuing effort to raise awareness in political circles. continued prohibition of Cannabis should be acknowledged as pointless outspoken criticism of US monetary. He has a proven record over the past few years on pro-marijua- BARNEY FRANK. the popular liberal. So. It is to be hoped that Congressmen Paul good chance of this bill getting at least a little floor time. of Marijuana by Responsible Adults Act (HR 5843) which initially died in committee. John Conyers (Mich. .and foreign policies. showing not only the level to which this elder statesman is informed. Federal raids on dispensaries would no longer occur as citizens invoking their right to cultivate. Jared Polis (Colo. BOTH RON PAUL AND BARNEY FRANK HAVE A STRONG BACKGROUND IN PROHEMP AND MARIJUANA CAMPAIGNING. vote. Dr. His stance is informed by a long belief in the states’ ability to govern themselves. this is the first that seeks to entirely remove Federal control (at least within state boundaries). The bill’s authors do however stress that it is ‘not a legalization bill’. with its bi-partisan authorship.). and that nations should begin reviewing current drug policy with a possible view to eventual legalization. Although the bill is sure to be opposed by many. and was re-proposed in 2009. Republican Congressman for Texas’s 14th District. Production.. Nevertheless. contrary to many of the more sensationalist reports appearing in By Kali Mist the initial days following the announcement. Paul is no stranger to controversy. It seeks to remove marijuana regulation from the jurisdiction of the Federal government and hand it back to the state.LEGISLATION 9 HR 2306: Ending Federal Marijuana Prohibition Act of 2011 A MAJOR SHIFT IN THE APPROACH TO US MARIJUANA LEGISLATION. AS WAS EFFECTIVELY THE CASE PRIOR TO 1937 As a staunch supporter of small government. Much has been made of the so-called ‘unlikely’ partnership between Ron Paul and Barney Frank. However. FOR THE 4TH DISTRICT OF MASSACHUSETTS and Frank continue their liaisons in the future and that Dr. However. REPUBLICAN HOUSE REP. and thus Ron Paul has lent his name to an otherwise all-Democrat proposition. as well as to campaign in favor of online gambling within the US. only to die again. they have teamed up in the past to campaign for reductions in military spending. it’s clear there is yet another subject upon which they agree – and have done for some time. it seems that the link between these two very different politicians is not so tenuous after all. was proposed to Congress by Ron Paul (R. and four further democrats: Reps. Barney Frank (D. all such publicity is good publicity for the Cannabis cause. Presidential candidate. and perhaps a few more Congressional Representatives will stop and think for a moment longer when considering HR 2306. Steve Cohen (Tenn. Ron Paul is known for his na issues. The expectation is that the excessive levels of criminality involved in the Cannabis industry will decrease with the more favorable legislation and regulations many states have already begun to implement. but despite (or perhaps due to) his apparent eccentricity he enjoys a wide following.. Barney Frank. FOR TEXAS’S 14TH DISTRICT ground in marijuana campaigning and a consistent pro-hemp voting record. with trafficking offenses remaining under Federal jurisdiction. Frustration that people are being wrongly-deprived of medical marijuana due to outdated and restrictive laws is a sentiment strongly echoed in several of Paul’s previous statements. The bill is being publicized using the decades-old but still effective argument: that prohibition of alcohol had negative effects so severe it was quickly deemed unworkable – and for the same reasons. On June 23rd. sell and smoke marijuana – where it is not prohibited by state law – would no longer be committing a Federal offense. The legislation would limit Federal interference in marijuana law enforcement to cross-border or inter-state smuggling. 2011 the bi-partisan bill. it would be contradictory to his stance to condone Federal control over most everyday aspects of life. and in 2008 proposed the Personal Use HOUSE REP. Paul would remain so emphatically in favor of pro-marijuana legislation – were his presidential campaign to prove successful. Many more moderate Republicans seek to distance themselves from him. but also the level of his enthusiasm and commitment to the cause. Democratic House Representative of the 4th District of Massachusetts– the second openly gay member of the House of Representatives – also has a strong backit was the first that sought to remove marijuana legislation from the Federal level – but limited to personal amounts. Such bi-partisan arrangements – while not uncommon – are likely to attract more attention in the media.) and Barbara Lee (Calif. It comes at a very relevant time – just after the Global Commission on Drug Policy released statements to the effect that the War on Drugs has so far been a failure.). this bill could be deemed a well-timed move to guarantee media coverage and increased support from a wider demographic. While previous proposed bills have sought to limit Federal control or legalize certain aspects of marijuana or hemp. HR 2306. and as a 2012 Presidential hopeful.). Mass. and de facto leader of the libertarian Tea Party movement. and is unlikely to pass committee. has attracted significant media attention. HR 2306. despite not always agreeing on matters of policy. With levels of public interest remaining high. and was in itself remarkable in that HR 2306 SEEKS TO REMOVE MARIJUANA REGULATION FROM THE JURISDICTION OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND HAND IT BACK TO THE STATE. having signed the Industrial Hemp Farming Act of 2009 (HR1866 2009-H1866) to ‘grant each state regulating authority for the growing and processing of industrial hemp.
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CA 92211 (951) 219-4600 Sexiest Strain Award The Downtown Collective has a winner this month with their picturesque Louis XIII.00 % 0. CA 90015.00 % Additional information coming soon.00 % 0. Los Angeles. SGL01328 General Effects % Analgesic.60 % Cannabinoid 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol 9-THC Cannabidiol CBD Cannabinol CBN Paragon 77928 Paladas Rd.19 % 0. the A1 Purple from The Green Door Collective is a clear winner.00 % Additional information coming soon. 0. 0. sunset hairs are glowing white bulbs just begging for your vaporizer. 0. alive trichomes throughout.00 % Additional information coming soon. SGL02191 Cannabinoid 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Cannabidiol Cannabinol 8-Tetrahydrocannabinol Cannabichromene Cannabicyclol Cannabielsoin Cannabigerol Cannabinidiol Cannabitriol Miscellaneous types 9-THC CBD CBN 8-THC CBC CBL CBE CBG CBND CBT General Effects Analgesic. Indica Organic Indoor A1 Purple. 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They leap off the camera lens begging ‘Look at me. strangely enough. STRAIN REPORT StrainGeniusLab Awards Sovereign og.22 % Anti-anxiety. neuro-protector. 0.00 % The Green Door San Diego. 0. 0.00 % Additional information coming soon. dahling!’ It’s a difficult choice to choose the best. She’s a dark burgundy.00 % Additional information coming soon.22 % Anti-anxiety.86 % Modifies ‘high’. 0. 0. Behold the greenest of greens! It’s as if you could see nature’s essence flowing through this beauty. They maintain many pain relief qualities. but are best known for their exceptional anxiety relief. byproduct of THC degradation Additional information coming soon Additional information coming soon Additional information coming soon Additional information coming soon Additional information coming soon Additional information coming soon Additional information coming soon Additional information coming soon % 21.52 % Anti-anxiety. Downtown Collective. anti-convulsant. Chronically Inclined .00 % Cannabinoid 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol 9-THC Cannabidiol CBD Cannabinol CBN 8-Tetrahydrocannabinol 8-THC Cannabichromene CBC Cannabicyclol CBL Cannabielsoin CBE Cannabigerol CBG Cannabinidiol CBND Cannabitriol CBT Miscellaneous types . 0. Palm Desert. Beneath that amazing head of thick.00 % Pretty in Purple Award We can’t help ourselves.61 % 0. Even the cartoons you’re watching on the television set will know how high you are. not all strains are created equal! We’ve seen several Bubba strains with no CBD content at all.00 % Additional information coming soon. 0. 0.
Eddy is housed at Lompoc Federal Prison Camp in California. Judge Marilyn Patel noted the ten-year mandatory minimum was excessive. and sadly as a nation. Peace. he “made a promise to Jah (God) that in exchange for spiritual strength for his wife. Big business is killing this country. discuss making provisions for large scale licensed indoor cultivation. She was a healer and was able to help many people. the will of the majority of the population should determine the direction of government. I [play] Bocci.” Cannabis without paying black market prices or contributing to the cash flow of underworld smugglers. and offered a way for people to obtain medical islation allowing some local use of marijuana rises. Eddy’s congregation was comprised of cancer patients. Even while Eddy is serving out his sentence for similar activities.” country means they “are really no worse than the rest of Corporate America. many of them are wonderful people and we would all be better off with many of them home with their families.. read. my strength. Grubbycup Linda developed thyroid cancer. CA until his conviction and sentencing in 2008. She goes to many events and never tires of telling the world of our FIGHT FOR JUSTICE. THROUGH THE CHURCH THE COST WAS ABOUT A DOLLAR A GRAM. to a woman whom he says “is the love of my life. Through the Church the cost was about a dollar a gram. It began with FDR and has resulted in the loss of our greatest asset: the great American farmer. I am most definitely a political prisoner. especially the closer relationships you will have with the ‘most high’ as you understand it. Today. it is only a matter of time.” The Church was “loved and wellreceived. We were still planting as late as May or June. my partner. love and puka shells. She was one of the kindest souls I have ever met and just about all who knew her will testify to that. Eddy inhabited the gray area between what states claim to be the rights of its citizens to seek non-pharmaceutical relief.com. “I broke no laws in the state of California. and again forced Eddy to watch a loved one suffer.” The Church made charitable donations to the local poor. She was my ‘Little Bitty Pretty One. “From what I understand they are all indoors and that makes them cost prohibitive.” Irrigated by a drip system with overhead misters. I have kept my word as Jah did for me. I fear for our future as a world power. The illness made eating difficult for his father. Most dispensaries charge $15-$25 a gram for medical marijuana. after the loss of his first wife.” To learn more about Eddy’s case and those of other Green Prisoners. If you try and work hard enough they will all come TRUE. highlighting the problems related to using only traditional cancer treatments. I am never closer to Jah as when I use the Sacred Herb. at some point the Federal government should accept the will of the citizens. Eddy explains. Arrested in California. There are eight million people without health insurance in California. and an appeal is in process. and using natural and organic nutrients. In March they were still being planted.” Eddy eventually remarried. Eddy advises to get the most out of Cannabis: “Go slow and enjoy the benefits.” There are six-and-a-half more years remaining in Eddy’s sentence. In a democracy. “Life in prison is very boring. His garden was operated in compliance with California State law. California cities.12 GREEN PRISONERS POLITICAL PRISONER AND ACTIVIST EDDY LEPP TALKS WITH SOFT SECRETS USA Eddy Lepp Speaks Eddy Lepp owned and operated Eddy’s Medicinal Gardens in Lake County. but in conflict with Federal law.’” Rev. which we proved (in spite of where I am) that we could do. She was special. they are still striking out at everyone in their death throes. the legalized extortion of money that the insurance and pharmaceutical companies are allowed to enjoy in this “We started in December with plants going into the ground. When she developed cancer. ‘Eddy’s Medicinal Gardens and MultiDenominational Chapel of Cannabis and Rastafari’ was a dream. and pressure from citizens to restore that freedom to the citizenry is mounting. such as Oakland..Green-Aid.” Cannabis has been illegal in California for less than 100 years. The guys I am in here with.” When asked about his first wife Linda. 25 acres of land were held by the Church for use by the congregation. and smoking marijuana helped. Grubbycup awaiting appeal. A Rastafari minister. write. visit » www. my friend. indoors allows for increased security and seasonal flexibility. “Either you never met her or you loved her. There is little to do and less to care about. He became involved with helping people connect with safe access to medical Cannabis after his father was diagnosed with cancer. Eddy contends that the religious use of Cannabis is nothing new: “It is the main ingredient in the holy anointing oil in the Bible. AIDS patients and other medical users seeking to grow their own medicinal Cannabis – and Rastafarian sacrament. Growing Cannabis “THE WAR ON DRUGS HAS FAILED!” 5 “ONE MORE WAY THAT HEMP PLASTIC COULD SAVE OUR LIVES” 17 “HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS” 20 . Linda passed away shortly before Eddy was arrested. but did not mitigate his sentence.” Sadly. as a rattlesnake with a broken back. As the number of states where democratically-passed leg- MOST DISPENSARIES CHARGE $15-$25 A GRAM FOR MEDICAL MARIJUANA. “At his memorial his doctor told me I added several months to his life by having him smoke marijuana. “I believe they have already lost the fight but. the re-legalization movement seems to be making progress. According to Eddy.” Time goes slowly for imprisoned Eddy. Current prescription costs are beyond the financial grasp of many. If you believe in something. a belief that we could help ourselves and others without help or aid from the government. and medical care charges more to private citizens than it does to insurance companies. follow your dreams. but artificial lighting is much more expensive than using natural sunlight. he would devote the rest of [his] life to helping people and telling them about the Sacred Plant. versus the overseeing Federal government’s more restrictive stance. helping. If the big business and the banks aren’t brought to heel soon.
This is a moment for some clear-headed thinking and an admission that recreational wants to push the price to over thirty dollars a gram and then tax it. if France can come up with something positive. In a brain-churning stroke of ostrich politics. folks. you’ll have buy from your nearest coffeeshop. but a hundred mature plants can get you a 10K fine and the chance of a life-changing experience. if you’re lucky you might find something good and buy the maximum allowance – three whole grams! ONLY LEGAL.’ They’ve just cut the police force. champagne corks are already popping. address and social security number. because they will have everybody’s bank. They have decided they don’t want your dollars any more and the next time you visit Europe they’d prefer if you went elsewhere to smoke your dope. also. tax paying resident. but the government will not listen. (PHOTO: MARCEL VAN HOORN) them to visitors is not only stupid. but the Minister of Justice is just pig-headed enough to try and push it through. This is a mistake of Himalayan proportions and experts have told them so. the Dutch government is busy banging another nail into the coffin of Cannabis tourism. So much for free choice. but discriminatory and a denial of people’s rights. Now. A Monsieur Valiant. Unfortunately you can only get one of these if you’re a legal. they would prefer a more liberal approach. PLEASE DON’T COME AGAIN Well. Amsterdam is a clean. To close THIS TINY CARD COULD INCITE A HUGE UPROAR. He suggests the government should set aside a hundred thousand acres and start major cultivation. the move will expand an already huge black market. but it doesn’t stop there. The city of Amsterdam is against the plan and a number of other cities in Holland have also expressed doubts. The new weed pass will fit very well into their plan. a tradition as Dutch as tulips and cheese. Today. There have been rumors of a rather cynical plan that would explain the continuing onslaught on the growers. Meanwhile in the criminal world. etc. Importers and non-licensed growers would still be prosecuted. friendly city. but then private enterprise takes over. ours will be run by the justice department and they will want everybody’s name and number. They wished Cannabis didn’t exist. has put forth a proposal to bring Cannabis under the same law that governs tobacco. then you’re out of luck… unless you have a ‘wietby O’Riodon pas’ (weed pass). Weed may be ‘legal’ in the do.AMSTERRANT 13 Dutch Weed Pass: THANK YOU. after all the ID checks. prices have been rising steadily. In their war on the growers. Sure. When medical marijuana became big news in the States. along with all the weirdos who smoke it. What if this information falls into the wrong hands? It could have far-reaching effects: denial of auto insurance. you have finally been issued with a weed pass and you need a smoke. so why don’t politicians get it? It makes me wonder if there isn’t some ulterior motive. . This is dangerous territory and infringes upon our human rights. Then the highly-taxed product would be sold in local tobacconists. probably involving money. bringing in enough revenue to kick-start the economy. SHOULD YOU VISIT AMSTERDAM AND WANT TO BUY SOME WEED. who until now have been the bad guys with their relentless persecution of the Cannabis user. tourists will potentially only be able to access the passes from their hotel reception or doormen. or. despite all the advice to the contrary. off limits to you and all other visitors to Holland. In order to get a pass you have to register your name. visited by millions of people and (according to the statistics) a quarter of them will safely visit a coffeeshop.and personal details. when we had lots of bad drugs and violence on the streets. then fight about it with the European Parliament later. they realized it was an opportunity to do the same in Holland. Well. with a few changes. but we Cannabis use poses no threat whatsoever to society. his reply was simply. This is the same justice department that carries out more telephone taps than any other country in the world. After that. has been wrestling with the ‘Cannabis problem’ since they first got together in their grubby little pact. The public know this. Yes. private companies now deal with a large part of the busts. ‘the police will deal with it. because the card is not valid anywhere else. are suddenly looking at it in a favorable light. they want to turn our coffeeshops into private clubs. THEN YOU’RE OUT OF LUCK… UNLESS YOU HAVE A ‘WIETPAS’ (WEED PASS) coffeeshops. an ex-cabinet minister. They even know when you buy and how much because payment must be done with a bank card – no more cash. As a result of all the busts. whether it’s good or bad. It is believed the government All this is happening in a time when the French. Whereas the US system is run by medical practitioners. This is sending us back to the ‘80s. they will just have to buy off the street. but the government in The Hague is not listening. it is the police who serve the warrant and make the arrest.. but not so harshly. This government. This could be a law within six months. and tourists were ripped off all the time. negatively impact a job application or a custody hearing. Fortunately there are number of groups challenging the law on the grounds of discrimination (which is against a current EEC law). the pass is only valid in the coffeeshop nearest to where you live. should you come to visit the fair city of Amsterdam and want to buy some weed. why can’t Holland? So. an unelected coalition of tight-assed racists and poker-faced deniers. as I write this. Quality will go down and there is the added opportunity to get involved in a violent street crime. When the Minister of Justice was asked about the increase in street dealing that would follow such a move. RESIDENT TAX-PAYERS WILL BE ELIGIBLE FOR THE DUTCH GEDOOGKABINET (TOLERANCE CABINET) THE NEW CARD – EFFECTIVELY PRIVATE MEMBERSHIP.
Prada and branded cigarettes that are being faked and pirated. especially those who are not in the position of being able to browse real-life shops for their growing needs. which websites are not to be trusted? I have seen such sites. Today. you’re making money while giving us a bad name. I’ll give you an example of one case – Ontario Seed Bank. If they buy seeds and they have a bad experience – even if they fucked up themselves – we give them new seeds. He had been selling our seeds for a while. So the fact that nobody does it is already pointing in that direction. We guarantee this. ‘No. There are also Black Lists too. but I don’t think it is. especially the Spanish companies. it’s written about in forums and so on. yep. you’re obviously selling seeds as if they were Serious’ – and he didn’t even bother to deny it. They build pirate websites. Lots of people are trying to parasitize on the popularity of certain names. He’s been operating for a couple of years. when you had Skunk and Northern Lights already and in Amsterdam there were shops with seeds with those names way cheaper than the original. This is only because of this problem. Very little. and we By Jules Marshall operate in a world that is not really protected like regular companies are. are among the worst hit by this scurrilous activity. and from the type of the complaint it was clear that these were not Serious Seeds they were getting. and we keep a database of that. but I don’t visit forums a lot so can’t say where for sure. People ‘buy’ something by credit card and never get anything. But we have done it since Day One. So you can see that they take over good ideas. lots of times you will find what you get is not what you anticipated. is a haven for fly-by-night merchants. they can call and check ‘is this a good one or not?’ It’s all to protect the end customer.14 INTERVIEW Pirates of the High Seeds The Internet has been a huge boon for growers around the world. although I can’t remember where I saw them. it seems. and now he was selling his own seeds as if they were Serious. Serious Seeds has a shop list of legitimate shops on its website which sell the real thing. The idea usually is just to sell them and wash your hands [of it]. If you’re buying seeds off the Internet by name. We have a list of legit sites. I started to sell the seed tubes and now almost everybody is doing it. especially when you are operating internationally. sometimes not selling anything at all. The packaging was sort of mine. and blah blah blah. So 80 Euros (ca. His first line of argument was that he had to deal with possible complaints. cyber-squatters and pirates. $115) for 11 seeds. fielding complaints. but not the full labeling. and only if they’re really lucky do they get the real thing. whose award-winning household names. People know that. it’s not just Chanel. such as Bubblegum and AK-47. but in our business we are far more limited. but not totally. it may sound like a trivial thing. If they’re lucky they get bogus seeds. Serious Seeds is the only company as far as I know who individually number each seed package. The names and intellectual property of well-known quality weed strains are being increasingly ripped off too – but without the protection in law granted to legitimate businesses. let’s say. And that is interesting enough for pirates to want to copy. Nobody else is doing it. takes the whole back cover of the High Times for an advertisement. He used to buy Serious Seeds from us. talked to the owner. I don’t know exactly how other companies deal with complaints. the Cannabis seed business is a victim of the ease with which ideas can be ripped off and copied. SSUSA spoke to Simon. It is a lot of hassle to do it: checking numbers. So I called the shop. So would you like to see or would you advise other companies to be as careful as Serious in documenting and labeling their varieties? Copying what you’re doing? You can see that the main interest of establishing companies is still making money. I’m getting complaints here and they’re not getting Serious Seeds from you. they come to buy our WHITE RUSSIAN IS ONE OF THE MANY LEGENDARY STRAINS CREATED BY SERIOUS SEEDS . Are there independent websites where growers can discuss among themselves which seeds or sellers are legit. OSB – a shop from Canada. How much are pirates typically making on ripped off seeds? How much cheaper are generic seeds compared to branded AK-47 seeds from you? AK-47 is not the most expensive seed but it is certainly not a cheap one either. The days of popping over to Amsterdam or asking a friend to send or bring some back are over. Growers are basically victims. But at some point we got a couple of complaints very close to each other from their customers. I also get emails regularly from people ‘I bought these AK seeds from this shop – are they real?’ Sometimes they are and sometimes they’re not. And with virtually no chance of them being caught. right to the last detail. So pirates have been there from the start – because it’s lucrative. When did you first become aware of this problem with piracy? Before I had started my own business. Soft Secrets: You were talking about ripping off the names of weed strains. and I’m not here to advise other companies. and it filters back to me.’ I said. Simon: Yes. They can make lawsuits and all the rest. But as with the rest of the ‘Net. It’s a widespread thing. It’s very widespread. People can ask whether shops not on the list are real or not. I was a grower back then. They pay for all those people who parasitize on them. According to him he wasn’t doing anything wrong. We are also the only company that guarantees our seeds – to protect the customer. The ‘Net. selling the seeds as if they are real. Basically: ‘What do you care? If they have complaints I have to face them. said ‘hey man. old-school seed breeder extraordinaire and owner of Serious Seeds. We want them to have a good experience with our seeds. so we go very far with our customer service. basically. Its sort of ‘upper-middle class’. It has happened already that companies copy the packaging too.
Like I said.’ He thought it was perfectly fine to do that. and is still doing it. and you also find out what the packaging looks like. and are registered in Canada. But my concern is that the customer. but it is also good for the end customer. right next to my entry is an AK-48. and they did: to AK-48! The best thing is to check which company has made the seeds. nonpoisonous product. They look very similar but are not. They are offered seeds under these names and they buy them and sell them. Especially when all you can have printed is the name and flowering time. let alone internationally. But it’s very hard to find out who’s behind it. You have to look at all these things to boost your chance of success. Luckily I found out right away. You have to stop immediately. Sensi Seeds and so on. there’s a lot to say about this subject. not your copies. and since it was not a delibAs a variant. So you have to be on the lookout even here in Amsterdam. you could put out inquires. Their website is called paradiseseeds. selling them under their own name. Nirvana started selling AK-47 until I spotted this at a Cannabis Cup a few years ago and said ‘What the AK-47 IS PROBABLY THE MOST COPIED NAME IN THE BUSINESS fuck is this? You’re using my name. If something just reminds you of AK-47. they don’t know enough about erate action against Serious Seeds. If those two are matched. All we can do is try to protect our interests and name as best we can. Now it is all about big companies in Spain growing massive amounts of seeds and selling to everyone. I guess when the seeds business was mostly confined to Amsterdam or Holland. seeds. and someone else started a site called paradiseseeds. My names are protected in Benelux.com. It’s happening in Holland. Kaya 47. What you also see is people start a website and start selling seeds. but with the Internet it’s almost impossible. it’s back to the old Caveat Emptor – buyer beware. they’re all bought from a big producer – and guess what? They started selling seeds which are originally Serious names: Bubblegum. you don’t want to moan about it all the time.15 decides: that’s what I want. Unlike the name of the seeds. Yes. theirs are legal and ours is not. White Label seeds and others but there are still a lot of companies selling AK-47 at some point.’ Finally they understood my point. Heineken was there or a cigarette company? I tell you what the difference is: we’re dealing with a very relaxed. with complete documentation from seed to consumer. and the rogue site is attracting attention away from the original site. which is fine. So just pinching your names and sticking them on their own seeds? Yep. Armageddon 47 and Jack 47. It’s all about money. not really living up to the original. That is also difficult: people who did not lift a finger to make seeds themselves – they have no clue how much time it takes. THEY PAY FOR ALL THOSE PEOPLE WHO PARASITIZE ON THEM. so I think we have a responsibility to warn them. Chronic – popular names. Several coffeeshops in Amsterdam are starting to sell seeds under their own name. because they think it’s funny. this is seldom copied. Like that it is clear that they were derived from AK-47. a Jack 47. where you treat the marihuana industry like any other branch of the agricultural industry. because they pay the price. There are seeds called OK-57. They sell seeds of course. that’s one way. but there is no danger of confusion with the original. That is my main concern. Olé 47. and at some point Wow. they are not in the business and know no better. ultimately. that he shouldn’t be confused with names that are the same or similar and he’s not getting what he wanted. To take part under those conditions is just degrading to the original and to my company. After my intervention they changed the name to something referring to or close to AK-47. to name only a few. a couple of years ago. So there you have it. From customers I know. but in European courts they have a hard time not to burst out laughing. AK-74. don’t just go by the name. The coffeeshops that are buying them. They all seem like equals in the booklet but I see them as copies and in my opinion. he’s doing it with other companies too. this issue. That’s how weird it can get. A company in Amsterdam – Spliff – just started selling Bubblegum. So a customer has to not just look at the name but also look at the company who is producing it. and it’s not permitted to mention all the awards the strain has won. But what is the difference to this and if Mr. when he smokes alone or with friends some AK-47. variations on names is common throughout the industry. then the chances of success are greater. then it’s OK by me. . goes to the shop and asks for AK-47. Also. maybe find out what was going on through your personal networks and had a bit more control. they agreed to stop using my names. look at the website of the company to see if it is a legit shop. I went along with the name changes by Nirvana. They’re even harder to track down. AK-47 is probably the most copied name in the business. So now there are coffeeshops or grow shops and bars or whatever. There have been cases and law suits about names already. nl. I found out a couple of months ago that nowadays… this business started with small seed companies. There is. It means when I pay for an ad in a booklet or guide or whatever. to make them realize that this is going on. AK-47 as if it’s completely normal. All copies of the original AK-47. I mean. while they are selling really dangerous drugs – except. they just start selling seeds with somebody else’s name. Or so I hope. so they don’t appreciate the problem. and after three months shut the whole business down and start a new thing. But when you see them all printed together it looks like they are all in the same league. but you have to pay a lot of money for such protection. So what should growers do to safeguard their choice of seeds? Another thing you see is… Paradise Seeds contacted me – no I contacted them. Nirvana promised they’d change the name. I guess one answer is to do something like they’re starting to set up in America. Oké 47. GROWERS ARE BASICALLY VICTIMS. Before they buy their seeds.
so while it is possible to import hemp longed heat. the propensity for ‘aromatic stacking interactions’ gives the fiber incredible strength and consistency: this UNPROCESSED STATE (©CJP24) A DIAGRAM OF THE MOLECULAR STRUCTURE OF KEVLAR. There are now several grades of Kevlar on offer in the form of various papers. there’s no way we can get rid of them any time soon. mean- KEVLAR HAS A VERY HIGH TENSILE STRENGTH-TO-WEIGHT RATIO. A further disadvantage is its low resistance to sunlight and tendency to degrade under UV light. in the form of Kevlar and other similar technologies. but if reheated retain their characteristics and cannot be remolded. the more we at SSUSA feel we are doing something to assist their efforts. the ‘bast’ fibers of the hemp plant) is mixed with a resin. The latter type of plastics is formed at high temperatures. Furthermore.HEMPTECH 17 by Kali Mist Bullet-proof: Plastics are everywhere. But the small number of innovative organizations out there that are investing heavily into hemp research is slowly growing. as well as heat-containing linings for aircraft. These have a number of uses extending beyond the original use in car tires. The most significant developments have arguably been in the field of composite plastics. light material (to be used as a substitute for steel in racing tires) that researchers found that in a solution of concentrated sulfuric acid. In the USA. this produces a fiber. (© HENRY HEATLY) DUE TO ITS FIRE-PROOF NATURE. but the impetus needs to increase still further before we see universal uptake of sustainable technologies. and it is much easier to slap a patent on a synthetic product than one based on plants growing abundantly in nature. eco-friendly ethics are becoming the safest choice for companies wishing to maintain their profit margins. cylindrical shape – somewhat like a stack of coins. Even though the very first plastics were of organic origin. and with every new piece of research a new incentive emerges for others to join in the movement. The new fiber had astonishing potential as a substitute for steel and more. upon repeated heating. advances in hemp plastic have meant that a wide selection of products is now available. Without a return to a vastly simpler existence. and further research was undertaken immediately. Aramids are the class of highstrength. the monomers 1. where a reinforcing fiber (in this case. These fibers. MAKING IT IDEAL FOR USES SUCH AS THIS SAILCLOTH. acrylic and carbon fiber are common examples. meaning that it is an excellent insulator and can be used in fire-proof clothing. when not sourced from organic materials (such as hemp or flax). is the tendency for said polymer rings to respond to molecular forces during processing and grow in an even. there is a huge amount of money to be made in plastics. The resulting ultra-thin. However. weblike inter-molecular bonds between the polymer chains. yarns and fibers. Kevlar is also very stable in extremes of temperature – especially sub-zero levels – and has very low thermal conductivity. is a synthetic ‘para-aramid’ polyamide fiber developed and patented by DuPont in 1965. which cause them to form ring-like structures. cables. fly in them. due to a combination of inter-related factors – domestic hemp production remains illegal. drive in them. and are the best-known current application of body. ultra-strong Kevlar fiber can be woven to produce textiles. and rapidly became seen as indispensable. or layered with resin and thermoset to form composite plastics. Due to their versatile nature. KEVLAR HAS MANY USES – AS SEEN HERE WITH THESE FIRE-STICK WICKS. they can be molded and remolded into shapes that will be retained when cooled) or thermosetting. SHOWING THE INTERLINKED POLYMER RINGS (© BEN MILLS EPHEMERONIUM) “With plastic waste choking the oceans. and research into further potential uses is picking up pace in many countries of the world. Plastics formed in this way can be thermoplastic (i. or poly(p-phenyleneterephtalamide). brake linings and sporting equipment. With time. supplies inconsistent and public awareness minimal.” Over the last decade or so. and dangerous to work with in an industrial setting. prices remain high. such as unsaturated polyester. and with consumer awareness at an all-time high. Some of them are capable of withstanding intense and proKevlar. not all possibilities are being as explored as they should. that does not break in the way that nylon and other synthetic fibers do – due to strong. but more importantly. which was revolutionary in the world of polymer research at that time. the fiber used to provide strength and durability. Even the biggest global businesses are beginning to recognize the potential for bio-plastics. highly heat-resistant synthetic polymers mostly developed for military and aerospace applications. synthetic plastics became the standard.and vehicle armor to cover ropes. walk on them. severe impacts and exposure to extremely corrosive or harmful chemicals.e. Their characteristics depend on the resin used. trees and soil. all of which show remarkable resistance to tearing and cutting as well as to fire and heavy impacts. it was while attempting to develop a strong.4-phenylene-diamine and terephthaloyl chloride take on a polymerized liquid crystal form. are usually created in the laboratory in the form of synthetic polymers – nylon. we must find sustainable and environmentally acceptable alternatives soon. One More Way That Hemp Plastic Could Save Our Lives THE KEVLAR FIBER IN ITS However. more and more sectors of industry will become aware of the advantages of hemp plastic. around five times stronger than steel. When spun. trees and soil. para-aramids have the best strength-to-weight ratio of them all. (© PHIDAUEX) . we must find sustainable and environmentally acceptable alternatives soon. we even use them as armor. Kevlar is generally expensive to produce due to the fact that concentrated sulfuric acid is costly. or organic plant-based resins to form a wholly ‘natural’ plastic. But there is only so much the planet can stand – and with plastic waste choking the oceans. The more publicity that we can bring to these innovative hemp researchers. as the multinationals have been demonstrating for years. There’s no escaping them in modern life – we wear them. materials and products.
is useful in extremes of temperature. Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology are even investigating the potential to create electricity-generating clothing by interweaving zinc oxide nanowires between the Kevlar fibers. as well as comparing to or out-performing silk in many aspects. Interestingly. and are filling up landfills and the ocean everywhere one looks with harmful detritus that will never decompose. Car companies such as Honda. and in many cases stronger.and carbonreinforced composites (which are currently used in pretty much everything you or I own). who will be the next industry giant to take up the challenge of making hemp economically viable? Certain stalwarts of the plastics industry would do well to pay attention to the growing hype around hemp. such as those from projectiles. the potential for hemp in such a massive sector of industry simply cannot be ignored. it is competitive. and hemp fiber technology still has a little catching up to do. hazardous and often costly production processes. Hemp Hoodlamb. tested with shots different areas of industry: construction. Crailar. these spiders are rare. While clothing based upon hemp is still expensive. replacing Kevlar with hemp composite plastic would reduce the cost by a factor of around fifteen. However. The fiber can also be used as a basis for composite plastics. and it would be expected that costs will continue to fall as the industry continues to pick up pace. HEMP FIBER HAS A COMPARABLE. such as those made from Kevlar. This discreet item has a fairly low protection rating due to the thin layer of polymer textile over the standard shell of the jacket. and the closer we look at natural composites. and high durability (as well as an almost silk-like texture when woven into textiles).357 Magnum. often ‘disposable’. and silk farming in general is often less than eco-friendly. the raw hemp fibers can also be treated in various ways to alter the characteristics of the finished fiber. The Kevlar fiber can also be woven into textiles. While remarkably strong in itself. than current industry standard materials – and not just Kevlar but also glass. The silk of a particular Black Widow spider is even being fired from a Glock 9mm. Naturally Advanced Technologies. in brake pads. The fire-resistant nature of many hemp fibers and fiber composites also makes them particularly strong potential candidates for substitution of Kevlar when used for manufacture of protective clothing for firemen – and other fire-proof items such as fireeaters sticks.” resistance and tensile strength ten times that of steel. a . supplies inconsistent and public awareness minimal. as it appears to be even stronger and lighter. who offer a level II-A bulletproof men’s jacket. Therefore. Hemp is abundant. Hemp composites have been shown to be equally strong.18 HEMP HOODLAMB’S BULLET-PROOF MEN’S JACKET (© GABE MCINTYRE) ing that additional protective measures are often needed. Although the company behind Crailar. even those based upon traditional plastics. It is produced by washing the hemp fiber in a ‘patented enzymatic bath’. Kevlar is used here. are mostly non-biodegradable. fast-growing and (usually) cheap. prices remain high. discreet items of clothing that are not apparently armored that demonstrates remarkable tensile strength. The Amsterdam company HempWorks has an in-house clothing label. which produces a toxic dust. a reasonable level of protection against handguns for an urban or police application.22 and a . as well as body armor and even powerboat hulls. “While it is possible to import hemp materials and products. The fact that the industry is worth so much money is in itself significant in that there is almost unlimited funding available from the top multinationals for research and development. such products are neither well-known nor widely-available. hemp plastics offer a cheaper and more sustainable option. Costs of such discreet bullet-proof clothing. Since their discovery in the 19th century. At least one treated hempfiber product is already available. Chrysler and Mercedes are all using hemp plastic as we speak. and maybe better. There are countless different applications. and it is clear there is much still to be done before hemp products replace Kevlar and other environmentally-damaging plastics. the fiber demonstrates many of the necessary characteristics. These jackets still represent a significant advance in hemp fiber research – and demonstrate major potential for the future. and due to the thermo-regulating properties of hemp. can easily run into the hundreds or thousands of dollars. It would be most fitting if a hemp-based plastic could knock DuPont’s product off the top spot. Many of these everyday plastics have a truly terrible environmental track record – they require lengthy. more relaxed laws and a much cheaper and more consistent supply) hemp plastic and fiber products are increasingly known and used. as a more benign alternative to asbestos. In the automobile industry in general (but especially in Europe where there is a long tradition of hemp cultivation. These textiles are used in a wide variety of protective or industrial clothing due to their fire and chemical-resistant properties. as well as manufacture of weaponry and defensive items. hemp can do just as well. and is also being trialled in modern Thailand as a low-cost alternative to standard bulletproof clothing for police. and are likely channeling further capital into R & D. However. However. Hempreinforced plastics can have an impact but are capable of protecting against otherwise highly dangerous impacts. But it seems that everything Kevlar can do. vehicles. is not actively researching bullet-proof clothing themselves. much research has gone into the field of thermosetting composites. The question now is. seeking alternatives to these current standards is imperative. the more necessary it seems to make them the norm – and fast! While most lovers of Cannabis have no desire to see the plant used for military or law-enforcement purposes. sports equipment. ironically. so as a sustainable option it is clearly favorable. in innumerable . (© JI-ELLE) used in US research into Kevlar alternatives. Given the rabid hostility demonstrated by DuPont towards the innocent hemp plant since the 1930s. and in this manner can be used to make lightweight. STRENGTH-TO-WEIGHT RATIO AND IS AN IDEAL SUBSTITUTE FOR KEVLAR IN MANY APPLICATIONS. In at least one of its uses. and thus are useful in manufacture of lightweight materials that can be used as automobile paneling (also for armored vehicles). fashion and jewelery. the silk vests tested so far have reached up to level III-A. very good strength-to-weight ratio. it’s only right that we actually give them a reason for hating. packaging. so is obviously more suitable for an urban setting than for high-risk police work or warfare. which increases its softness and suppleness. IF NOT BETTER. Lower-cost alternatives for Kevlar are constantly being sought. silk itself was used in some of the earliest bullet-proof vests.
Photos: DHSC THE FLOWERS/HERMIES BEGIN TO SHOW. AFTER A FEW WEEKS. .20 MADE IN HOLLAND How to Feminize Cannabis: MAKE HER AN HONEST WOMAN THE PLANTS ARE TRIGGERED INTO FLOWER AND SPRAYED SEVERAL TIMES. SEEN HERE IN THE STRAWBERRY SOUR DIESEL.
inhibiting it causes ‘ethylene signaling’. We use grow tents. to give you a harder. Basically. as a basic grow setup) with light leaks. it just allows you to grow something once. It just isn’t 100% safe for us. we give them all the stresses to cause an onset of hermaphroditism. because we want to provide good seeds. we stress them (in one room. On that three-week period. we lose our entire batch of seeds. Also. we keep them at room temperature and when you get them it’s up to you to wake up the seeds. It’s complicated. “The third reason: just because it was a new thing that everyone thought would “Then. Giving it everything we can. that’s how we do it. providing everything that’s good for it: all of the best nutrients we can. “through trial and error. It’s kept refrigerated. depending on the efforts of the grower. if any one of them will produce a hermaphrodite. and the new female plants that have just started their pre-flower accept that pollen and. And on that. it was the seemingly overnight demand for and rampant popularity of these ‘all-female’ seeds. but it works. We treat it as though we were flowering the weed. CAREFUL SELECTION OF TRULY FEMALE CLONES WILL HELP TO GUARANTEE SUCCESS IN THE SEED-MAKING PROCESS. “We’re using an organic mix. out of all the thousands of seeds. For this reason the DHSC attempts to produce their seeds carefully and in good conditions. then we spray them again – typically over six plants. if you want to do refrigerated storage that’s your decision. and we grow typically between 12 and 20 plants in six. to see if any will turn. So what makes a seed company decide to take the leap into the feminized realm? For the DHSC. When we trigger them under 12 hours of light. Outdoor growers get the benefit of maximized space. the plants have fully-induced into flower. Fifteen minute break. In this issue. WELL-GROWN PLANTS WILL PRODUCE STRONG.” The process “We select between four and six plants. and to recreate something new every three months. and we allow the female plants to finish their flowering period with plenty of breathing room. solid shell on your seed. that we won’t cause hermaphrodites. . Some argue that they’re the best thing to happen to both small growers and those with huge plots of land to cover. so I know why people who are just starting need feminized seeds: lack of space. “As soon as we make seeds. We don’t use RO water because we don’t stay in these places too long. as seed producers. that’s your choice as a customer. And even when we do test we still don’t know. and then we spray them again with the same dosage. Amsterdam is known for having a really good source of tap water. we use what works. and we take them into the room and introduce them to the hermaphrodite/sprayed plants. simple as that. too. LEDs just don’t work: this is seed production. Then. once we spray. It seems to be the most reliable. This will also affect the quality of seeds. Basically. was not the only reason. for three to five years if in an air-tight container. we introduced you to the Devil’s Harvest Seed Company. we’ll use about four liters of distilled water (with STS formula mixed in). garbage out. Five to six days afterward (depending on the strain and the quickness of flower) we spray it again with about three-and-a-half to four liters of distilled water mixed with STS formula. They were generous enough to share their company secrets and explain how they got started. HERMIES ARE REMOVED TO ALLOW THE FEMALES SPACE TO FINISH FLOWERING. which is fucking hard. but it isn’t recommended for us to do it because of the large volume we have. which will repress certain traits. The water in Amsterdam is really good anyway – I think if you look up tap waters around the world. So we hope from that. and from talking to many people who make feminized seeds. That. MAKING FEMINIZED SEEDS. the STS method seems to be the most successful one in the industry. Because copper is a required micronutrient. it appears to be the favorite. relatively new faces on the Amsterdam seed scene.” While checking out a variety of feminization techniques. We provide them to certain growers to test. HEALTHY.” The testing process is mandatory for any seed producer wishing to survive in this industry. VIABLE SEEDS. five milliliters to every one liter of distilled water. a soil and worm casting mix with good nutrients. we don’t want to have leaks and we don’t trust taps and stoppers and all that. with our feminized technique. they don’t have to maintain a library.” Genetics are not the only concern: the quality of a person’s grow room helps to insure either success or failure. we allow the hormones to trigger. dry. dark place. make feminized seeds. It’s about giving you really good seeds that will last long-term in storage. however. If any do. When they’re sprayed. in another two weeks – so that would be five weeks of the hermaphrodite plants flowering – they release pollen. In computer terms: garbage in. But you realize when growing with feminized that they don’t help you to develop your skills. then they’ve got traits in there that we don’t like to find. boring flavor for the next 12 months. organic composts to allow it to naturally grow.to eleven liter pots. seven days from that point. We don’t do it for flavor. For us. but we provide it with some guanos and some of these basic. and they test them for us straight away. “I started with feminized in my early days of growing. So. the benefit is not having to keep a collection of mothers and clones – and constant storage. the DHSC found that. depending on what we’re doing and how big the plants are. and it’s all about timing. Until they come up with a new invention we won’t use anything else. rather than the same. why they do it and how their genetics are received Sativa Diva around the world. the silver in which ‘locks out’ the copper in plants. we spray them while they’re in their dark period with a heavy dose of STS formula. We use 600w HPS “One 600w HPS is used over each meter. LATER. So we’re trying to provide the market with what the demand is. “Our seeds are stored at room temperature for preservation. and we’ll use up to six liters of a mixed STS formula. with spraying them and leaving them out exposed to 24 hours of light while they should be in flower. “We also know from experience that it’s better to store them at room temperature in a cool. “We’re not saying it’s 100% until we test. and then we begin to see the onset of hermaphrodites starting to occur. THE PRE-FLOWERING FEMALES ARE IMPREGNATED. When the release of pollen occurs. but we don’t do that because if we refrigerate them and there’s a power outage. Hermaphrodites Mixed-gender plants can ruin entire grow rooms. “Some of the genetics that we have aren’t suited to be feminized because they PRE-VEGGED FEMALE CLONES ARE INTRODUCED TO THE HERMAPHRODITE/SPRAYED PLANTS. Why feminized? Feminized strains are a hot topic of debate in the Cannabis industry. we believe that if you want to store your seeds in the refrigerator for long-term. and the onset of flowering will begin. we dry them out and we grow them in the pre-flower. we spray them a third time with a very heavy dosage. “We remove the STS-sprayed plants after seven weeks of flowering. “From that point we take female clones that have already been pre-vegged. such as gender expression. One half of the company explains: solve all their problems. so we know 100% that they aren’t selected clones from a feminized plant (these are real mother plants with no [hermaphrodite] traits existent in them already). lights. When you put them in storage for long periods you can put them in the fridge. thus. others fear that they may be creating ‘zombie weed’ due to their unnatural origin. for indoor growers. WHEN POLLEN IS RELEASED. and we take them from a vegetative state into the flowering cycle. the DHSC explain how they utilize the STS method (Silver Thiosulfate) to produce feminized Cannabis genetics. the best medium. we give them a 15-minute break period. So how do the DHSC combat hermaphroditism? “By selection of good clones that originally have been around here so long – long before feminized seeds – and they were grown from original genetics.” STS is a compound often found in photography labs. it’s more about safety than anything.21 In issue #3 of SSUSA. they grow them out and each grower will give us feedback. new flavors every few months. it works.
it’s the same as in rocket launchers. “The DHSC is going fully-feminized this year. the health concerns asso- way.” USUALLY. They do more groundwork. plus a full coverall suit. After that we get to know the strains and how difficult they can be. But that can change very fast. “Canadians kind of learned their old school growing from the Dutch. we’d be able to do it even better.and feminized versions is no accident. so we have to make S1s to keep the original genetic alive. In the future we aim to make [our seeds] available to North Americans as much as they’re making their strains available to us. but other people doing it. It doesn’t really matter to us about the yield or how it’s grown. What happens to the sprayed buds? Don’t many people secretly sell them off or smoke them any- risk at this stage. so we wear breathing masks and rubber gloves. We’re also trying to get genetics from over there and bring them to people over here. “We’re crossing it with everything we have right now. They are really good lookingseeds. but we’re also going to make crosses of it to preserve the genetic. the DHSC have one simple criterion: they select what they like to smoke.22 do have hermaphrodite traits. You’re at no The company’s tendency to produce heavy-hitting. But we love doing what we do and that’s why we keep doing it. and when you breathe it in. it’s very difficult for us to resource everything. There’s no parentage left for it to breed any more. A willingness to pursue new customers in new regions also helps to keep growers interested.” That’s probably sound advice regarding much of the things one would find in a grow room. they were coming up with all these sicknesses. we’re so new that we haven’t even found the region that is most popular for outdoor growing with our seeds. as the two remind us. what does the future hold for DHSC? “A million dollars [big stoner laugh. and they’re keeping the genetics alive much more than we are over here. It’s not for amateurs and it’s definitely not to be left around for kids to play with. You have to know what you’re doing. is something with a really good flavor. but due to legal reasons we cannot directly sell there at present. the DHSC enjoys a primarily European customer-base. The lads suggest keeping an eye out for their Shoreline. However. the Canadian growing style is very similar to ours over here. they hope to change this soon. Being an Amsterdam seed company helps to set us apart: ‘they’ are there. THE DHSC ARE FEMINIZING ALL OF THEIR FAVORITE CLONES FROM THE SMOKE INDUSTRY IN A ‘PREGNANT’ FEMALE FLOWER AMSTERDAM.” ONE WOULD AVOID HAVING IN ONE’S GROW ROOM. We hope that the hermaphrodites are a very minimal problem. But we’re also working on making S1 seeds with it. The DHSC warns: “It’s definitely dangerous to your own health. “It is definitely not good for our health. and the more interesting it can be.” It’s this kind of open market that will help to ensure that certain. “We need to go backwards to go forwards. who ended up with Veteran’s Disease. AND THEY’RE KEEPING THE GENETICS ALIVE MUCH MORE THAN WE ARE OVER HERE are doing it just to make money and just spraying every plant. it would only end for us. so we’re trying to bring every available clone that is popular in Amsterdam. SUCH AS THIS SUPER SILVER HAZE. That defines us: we’re restricted in such a way that some of America has more freedom than we do right now. The silver that’s exposed. We need to keep it going. number one is the flavor. this is where it started and this is where it ends. but that doesn’t mean that everyone in the industry is being so careful.” Although they’re a relatively new company. “It won’t. beloved strains don’t become extinct.” After two. The demand goes both ways. Typically. rather than going for the hype of the new ones that are available now. The two explain that “the American market is still open to regular [non-feminized] seeds. potentially causing the loss of the rent payment for months to come. The DHSC have proven that they can adapt to the ever-changing demands of the Cannabis industry.” .” for us to do it here. Otherwise. but I think it all comes back to Amsterdam. but it’s because of the popularity of the strain.to four weeks of drying. especially with all the genetic experimentation going on these days.com » email@example.com. It’s not legal THE NORTH AMERICANS ARE STILL INTO THE OLD WAY OF DOING IT. the exposure doesn’t end there. even though we’re restricted with our resources here in Amsterdam. the seeds should be safe. we still provide as well as we possibly can. “At the moment. This is the guys standing next to the rocket launchers all day. the major difference between some American growers and us in Europe is that they’re doing it legally and we’re doing it illegally. AND THEY TEST THEM FOR US STRAIGHT AWAY. and we are here. “We’re aiming towards America and Canada. We are looking into older generations. The more of a challenge it becomes. You have to remember that these are serious chemicals – you must be a licensed company to buy these chemicals.” Currently.. THEY GROW THEM OUT AND EACH GROWER WILL GIVE US FEEDBACK. interesting varieties in regular. he tells me to just print ‘$$$$$$$$’] Retirement! To keep developing and looking for new strains and to outsource strains in different countries. they’re more legal in Canada than they are in the US. and goggles.com On Being A Dutch Seed Co. but the DHSC varieties are definitely recognizable around town. Even though you may think it’s legal in the Netherlands. If we had a legal way of doing it. However. ciated with the production of feminized seeds should be more worrying. And again. The ingestion of silver through smoking. or. It’s all about safety.” Health concerns Hermaphrodites are one issue. however be in the seeds any more. we do take precautions against things like that. it’s the only way we can bring it to seed. but they’re not feminized. “At the moment. the better. MALES AND HERMIES ARE PLANTS THAT “WE PROVIDE [OUR SEEDS] TO CERTAIN GROWERS TO TEST. I don’t think it’s good for anyone. when the troops inhale it. We’re currently researching into old-school genetics and old strains. and release it with the feminized label. A question that frequently arises when debating the matter is whether people or the plants themselves are harmed as a result. once they’ve dried out. they’re using those seeds to sell and telling you that they’re feminized. as well as potentially contaminating your growing/flowering space. So. ‘cause it’s an original genetic.” When choosing strains for feminization. it doesn’t mean it’s everyone’s flavor – we go with it. If the spray gets on your hands. “When we find something that is ‘our’ flavor – and our flavor is our flavor. So. we haven’t tested them in outdoor regions enough to know the results of where they are best suited.” Photos by DHSC » www. That’s what gets our interest going.. so the Army have records of people breathing this stuff in (the silver thiosulfate). Part of the key to their success is keeping an eye on the international market and understanding the differing needs of growers around the world. it leaves rusty-colored spots on your skin that can stay there for a couple of days. However. The older. I think it’s too dangerous to give to people because we have sprayed it with silver. because that stuff. it’s not and it’s in fact frowned upon – very hard for us to do. it can bleach your skin. The North Americans are still into the old way of weed goes in the world. No matter where So.. the more fun it is. more so than the European market. It’s mainly based for indoor growing. They can do things there that we can’t over here. We’re trying to do this as correctly and safely as possible. despite knowing it’s a contaminated product? Not the DHSC: “I don’t use that stuff afterward. But it’s the production process that’s a dangerous step – there are dangers that just aren’t good for your health. We have our genetics that North Americans crave for over there. That’s a really good thing. and we’re trying to bring it to them.
Some people compare exposure to snow blindness. Plants in a vegetative cycle thrive under a blue spectrum. and there is eye-wear that eliminates those orange spectra. Most LED lights are classed as ‘one’ or ‘two’ under the laser safety guide for maximum permissible exposure.to eight millimeters in circumference. novice. Whether you are a professional. An eight-hour exposure would be equivalent to a minute under the mid-day sun. yellow-orange light is not damaging to the eyes unless you look right at it. so wear sunglasses with UV protection whenever you are working around them. As these lights become more specialized the spectra available will increase. the amount is trivial. UV lenses are available from clear to Limo. Get some polarized lenses to reduce glare or a pair of rose-colored didymium glasses to see the true color of your plants as they flower in the warm light. The greater health concern is exposure for long periods under cool white fluorescents.Red pose a health hazard to unprotected eyes. The bright. were developed a generation ago by Aura Lens and are distributed by great glass suppliers like ABR Imagery. Wear the proper eye protection. Three years ago I would have said. so that you can see your future grow. more than any other. Of this HID group. These tubes have a phosphor coating that emits visible light as electricity excites the mercury vapor contained inside. These lights are known as High Intensity Discharge DIDYMIUM GLASSES HIGH PRESSURE SODIUM THROUGH DIDYMIUM GLASSES . lamps. as long as you are not staring directly at them – your blink reflex will limit your exposure as you work around them. HIGH PRESSURE SODIUM LIGHT WASHES OUT COLORS. The second lighting groups are Low Intensity Discharge. or. if you spend a brief or extended time under the lights. wait till the technology advances. LEDs are. The third group creates light by an electric arc in short tubes filled with various gasses and mineral salts. This blue spectrum. giving off a light similar to sunshine. Just like the sun. Much of the green light is not absorbed by plants. The only reasonable application for these lights would be using green ones for allowing you to work in a flowering room during its dark cycle. 23 Mercury vapor (MV) is last type of highpressure light used in growing. In a hydroponic system or in soil. Luckily. at the foothills of the Himalaya range. At one time they were only available as such. These red spectra are what plants utilize for flowering. and are usually from three. at the very least. The intensity of your lights/ lumens they produce also play a large factor in the penetration of your leaf canopy and density of the buds you produce. some growers feel that even though flowering under them does not produce the quantity. commonly known as fluorescent. Fluorescent bulbs are much more efficient than incandescent ones and are an excellent choice for growing. This basically means they are pretty safe. which become electrified into plasma. protecting your eyes is important. All of these lights give off some serious heat energy. These glasses. Some people believe that – with their power consumption up to half that of an HID and a much lower heat signature – not only do they compare. The first to be developed was the incandescent bulb. young or old. in most. now there are some crossover bulbs having more of each other’s spectra. and there have been several studies showing that THC levels in particular strains increased in direct correlation to UV-B light. and keep the lights within a few inches during their lifetime. The fourth and final of the lighting groups is the Light Emitting Diodes. These lights were banned in the US in 2008 and will be in 2015 by the EU. at this point. but they are better for small space and stealth room applications. visible and infrared spectra. They produce light from tiny semiconductor chips. HPS lights can produce large and delicious flowers. While these bulbs have faithfully lit our nights for over a hundred years. This THC production in the plants may be acting as a photo-protector (like melanin does in humans) dissipating the harmful rays. so be careful with how close these lights are to your plants. but growing vegetatively under them will cause serious stretching. there is no worry of interrupting photo-periodic response. most of us will develop cataracts. The reason some growers would choose a potentially dangerous light has to do with the historical origins of Cannabis in the Parvati Valley. Vegetate using full spectrum 6500K bulbs for the blue spectrum. Even for supplemental lighting they are marginal at best. Fluorescent bulbs can also be used for flowering as long as you do not grow the plants over two feet tall by completion. with a lumen output that is small – compared to the wattage they consume. promotes chlorophyll production. special clothing and eye protection ought to be worn around them. called ‘didymium’. LEDs will be as well. If you decide to use mercury vapor lights for supplemental lighting. Too much of the red spectrum during this early growth phase can cause internodal stretching. This changes how colors appear – and can even F.ADVANCED INDOOR GROWING The lighting you choose depends on your purpose. MH is traditionally used for vegetation. this few day heads-up could save your crop. or LEDs. These lights have a profound physiological and psychological effect from wavelength energy penetrating the skin and acting at the molecular level. They have purplish-pink lenses and start at around thirty dollars. make sure you TURN THEM OFF when working around them. the sodium flare produced by these lights is similar to the ones that glass blowers make working with borosilicate. full-spectrum lights help eliminate these concerns. While these lights do produce ultraviolet radiation. they have never been practical for flowering. These different lights give off a diverse spectrum of visible and non-visible electromagnetic radiation. as not all LED panels are equal. the quality is greatly improved. but it can be uncomfortable and makes it impossible to see colors accurately. Didymium Glasses LIFE THROUGH ROSECOLORED LENSES Growing indoors requires various types of lights. This eye-wear allows you to see the true color of your plants and spot nutrient issues several days before they would be obvious to naked eyes. comparable to fluorescents and are on their way to challenge HID supremacy. If we live long enough. The light at this altitude contains a larger amount of UV-B rays. so they appear that color. Take care of yourself. These lights will either need to be turned off. LEDs can produce light across the ultraviolet. Now I would say: make sure your purchase is from a reputable company. There are four major modern lighting groups. Fortunately. There is no reason to speed up the process. Just as fluorescent bulbs are now available with increased UV-B radiation. A mix of three or four 3000K for a nice red spectrum to one 6500K will provide a modest yet wonderful harvest of medicinal delight. they also give off a good amount of ultra-violet (UV) radiation. two are most commonly used in growing: metal halide (MH) and high-pressure sodium (HPS). save your money. imbedded in a plastic housing. because they give off cancer causing UV-B rays.
It is really a special feeling to be back here again. Upon her return to this verdant land. in an attempt to reconnect with her 1970s guide. their captivating footage presents a time capsule. it is one that also has changed. Freedom meant that anyone could go anywhere and do anything they wanted. re-connecting with the past is all the more important. as well as having a peek into the history of a part of the world responsible for some of the most amazing hashish ever. It is perhaps these universal themes: freedom. actual stories of the place. has been long-considered one of the pioneers of the Cannabis movement in Europe. Kink 22. high-grade hashish. Mila could juxtapose her book-learned education on Hinduism with carry ID at all times. “I’ve stood at several points. Finally. I was very lucky. Tashi – a young Tibetan whom they had met in the Manali Bazaar. “Everything was controlled in the West. her voyage is an amazing experience to behold and it’s difficult not to get as excited about the trip as if you were. I didn’t like that.com Anecdote Films Running Time: One hour Format: DVD Annie Perkins. and is now the subject of a moving documentary in which you can pick your way carefully along the same path to her beloved India. You could go. about to embark. a move that incensed Dutch citizens. spirituality.” This was an era in which the Dutch authorities were suddenly insisting that residents It is difficult to watch Mila’s Journey without being compelled to travel to India. satellite dishes and MTV. after learning about it through devouring philosophy texts in her publisher aunt’s French home. RECENTLY CLEANED AND DIGITIZED. It was 1976 and they were on a threemonth voyage. it was back to Manali via Zanskar. 1967). at the time. MILA IS A FAMOUS FEMALE AT THE TOP OF THE CANNABIS INDUSTRY – WHAT SOME CALL “A MAN’S WORLD”. as she needed a break from the Dutch Police. After running an extremely successful tailored clothing boutique. frosted with snow. Viewers are lucky to steal a personal glimpse into someone’s sacred.” The ability to travel was indeed lucky for her. covering over 1500km (932 miles). and unfortunately no longer exists. All of this against a stunning backdrop of re-discovered film. with Henk Koster (where she also acted in the film De Verloedering van de Swieps [The Whipping Cream Hero]. do or think. something magical starts to happen. the Pollinator Company and Hemp Hotel. exploration. quick to share a beaming smile with the camera. Nor is it the amazing shots of indigenous people. “we just shared!” After a few years of blissful tea-sharing. so she decided to pack everything up and leave the country. One of the most poignant moments is her return to a mountaintop oasis. and thus the time capsule has been cracked open.24 FILM REVIEW Mila points out a virtue of travel: “You can create a situation where there’s space for yourself. For this reason. which is debated as the first-ever ‘coffeeshop’ in Amsterdam. alone or with friends and family. That freedom was what drew Mila back to the spiritual center of Hinduism. and the whole of nature was out there – totally – untouched by man.. spiritual journey through such amazing lands. interesting and different world out there. Especially in the Netherlands. the phenomenon of ‘dropping out’ held less of the negative stigma that it does today. proprietor of the Hemp Hotel and Pollinator Company in Amsterdam. He had heard about her place (and the fact that hitchhikers could sleep upstairs) while traveling – in Afghanistan! For the first time ever. She recalls that. THE ORIGINAL TREK WAS DOCUMENTED BY HANS SWART ON 8MM FILM.anecdote-films. Now you can see for yourself the experiences that helped to lead Mila to the top of the Cannabis industry. trekking from Manali all the way to Leh.. It’s not simply the rolling green hills or craggy mountaintops... Whether you know Mila or not. the decision to relocate was not difficult: “People were actively looking for other ways of living than how our parents did it. In the ‘60s and ‘70s. The pair were on foot.” » www. Mila opened her own ‘tea house’. in one short generation. and sometimes even encouraged to do so. yourself. she’s been helping us all to make super-clean. the proceeds of this documentary’s sales are earmarked for the education of his grandchildren.com/milasjourney RE-CONNECTING WITH THE LOCAL MONKS – SOME RECEIVED PHOTOS OF LIVING FOR MONTHS IN ROUGH CONDITIONS CREATED A FAMILIAL BOND BETWEEN MILA AND TASHI. Tired and suffering from the elevation. showing a part of the world formerly untouched by Western influence – a sparkling gem of nature and spirituality. It was the unfortunate event of Hans falling ill with cancer that brought the two back together: Mila realized that the film had remained without audience for over thirty years – including the filmmakers themselves. The desire to experience India first-hand overwhelmed the wish to stay (and put up with the cops). deporting foreigners across the Belgian border. naive to their own uniqueness. quite a small country. determined to capture the majesty and nature of the Himalayas and its people.” Besides that. I was as insignificant as a speck of sand. “But we never sold anything there. For Mila. she encounters trash-filled rivers (once sacred). within the past five years the same measures were re-introduced in the Netherlands – and were met with little or no protest. which allow each of us to find something of ourselves in the story. You know about her products. due to being some of the first Westerners to pass through this rough terrain. Since 1994. and they were about to hitchhike to India. Rinku Kalsy and Christina Jansen » www. THEMSELVES FROM THE ‘70S AS SOUVENIRS. When you begin watching Mila’s Journey. then from Leh to Lamayuru. (PHOTO: CHRISTINA JANSEN) . young people were excited about exploring the vast. So the footage was cleaned and digitized. the Dutch police caught on and began raiding the spot weekly. Mila’s Journey TAKE A TRIP WITH THE HASH QUEEN OF AMSTERDAM Mila Jansen. In fact.” she recalls. but Mila and Hans pressed on. in an homage to the familial-type bond that was forged between them during their three-month mountain trek. which ultimately led Mila back Sativa Diva home to Amsterdam. Indicating how much change has occurred since then (for the worse). where they encountered a visit from the Dalai Lama. with my arms as wide as I could stretch. love.milasjourney. the film also represents a different time. Mila’s Journey covers multiple visits to India and shows just a glimpse of that ethereal world. as it reminded them of the not-so-distant WWII. I think. One bad breakup was all it took – Mila’s half of the 8mm film reel was not to be reunited with that of her ex-husband until three decades later – the documentation of their pilgrimage through one of the world’s most spiritual landscapes. one that has been lost in the shuffle of modern progress. It would be a combination of this police harassment – as well as stories of “India live” that were recounted by the latest traveler to patronize her tea house – that would impel her to seek a life of less restriction. acceptance and loss. family. which has drawn millions of pilgrims since that time. The magical place has succumbed to the temptations of the Western world. It was 1968. Weeks of walking and high altitude had taken their toll. The possibilities were limitless. that compel you to keep watching. She and Hans were lucky to obtain much of their footage.
Thicker papers not only make a fasterburning joint with a harsher taste. and not all are created equally. therefore. in order to experience the flavor of the Cannabis in as unadulterated a manner as possible. and in 1894 the company Zig-Zag had the brainwave of interleaving the papers (in a ‘zig-zag’ fashion). rough incarnations first appeared. transparent. they require some HOW TO MAKE A EUROPEAN-STYLE ‘BACK-ROLLED’ JOINT . although some are made from Esparto grass and wood pulp (which may contribute to lung-. such as S. aerated – the list goes on and on. Production of hemp. we should always try to minimize the severity of the risk we undertake when we use Cannabis. Made from very sheer rice paper.26 Rolling Papers IT’S NOT JUST WHAT’S INSIDE THAT COUNTS Although the most common way to ingest Cannabis in the USA is through the use of a bong or pipe. Beyond the choice of base material. Others will tear off the gummed strip itself. with the rise of global Cannabis culture. the range of papers available is staggering. but have been reported to cause greater oral and lung irritation. It wasn’t until 1977 that king-size papers began to be marketed (again by Rizla+). However. flax and other grassy fibers is far preferable – at least in environmental terms. so this rule does not always hold true. many hemp papers now produced match their competitors in terms of thickness. they are often made to be chlorine-free and unbleached. The thinnest papers are made from rice. as are Hempire and Raw Organic Hemp papers – also claimed to be vegan! Unbleached rice papers are huge in their own right – the two main brands are Raw (who make rice papers as well as the hemp variety) and Smoking Brown (a newer introduction. which is thought to be harmful if smoked. hemp papers are often thicker than rice papers and others. They had been conceived of over a century prior to this. burn by Kali Mist rate and immediate effect on the throat and chest. The gum THE SELECTION OF ROLLING PAPERS AVAILABLE IS ASTOUNDING. but as it’s from the ubiquitous rolling paper giant we may see a rapid takeover here). Pure Hemp papers are marketed as ultra-thin and additivefree. make when selecting your preferred paper? Most papers are made from hemp. but for true aficionados and those who wish to be extra careful there are non-gummed papers available. in terms of taste. Gummed papers came along in 1942 – another innovation by Rizla+. and such papers can safely be avoided as there are many others out there that pass the test. chemicals may be added to the papers during the production process in order to make the paper lighter. the joint smoker. flax or rice. and it is wellworth investing a few hours (and a few ruined papers!) to master the intricacies. Nowadays. Chlorine is highly toxic but calcium carbonate releases only CO2 when combusted and may. although many are bleached must be moistened through this outer layer of paper. Dark ash suggests that the paper may contain contaminants. The Spanish manufacturer of Smoking. Their ‘fine’ weight papers appeared in 1799. it is surprising how much a slight difference between papers will affect the finished joint. However. Many papers. To this end. Some varieties advertise use of pure Acacia gum. When the joint is rolled the unmoistened gum then becomes tucked under a single layer of paper. thin rice paper with little or no added chemicals should burn smoothly and consistently. Bambu and many other wellknown brands was convicted in 2006 of substituting such materials for the usual hemp and linen in an effort to cut costs. especially blunt wraps and colored varieties. Furthermore. It would seem that the bulk of any lung damage incurred through smoking joints is the fault of combustion of weed and sometimes tobacco at high temperatures. IT IS SURPRISING HOW MUCH A SLIGHT DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PAPERS WILL AFFECT THE FINISHED JOINT (chalk) may also be used. It is possible to source additive-free papers. so it is not difficult to avoid as long as one is selective. The first cigarette papers were produced in 1660 by the French company Lacroix (later to become Rizla+). so it is to be hoped that they and other companies are now offering more considered products. There are many products on the market that are advertized as containing no chlorine. The idea when rolling a good joint is to always use as little paper as necessary. as well as lung cancer. the thinner the better. clean. Competitors began to appear in the 1800s. Rolling papers are an integral part of every joint. which may be blended with other natural papers such as sugar and flax. This method ensures that the absolute minimum paper is used. and the excess can then be torn off along the gum line (see photo). flavored. a good. Thin papers burn more slowly – another plus for most smokers. translucent papers have been around for a while and seem to have gained a majority in the market.and larynx cancer). and as their supporters are usually among the more health-savvy. and also score poorly in terms of trace chemicals that may pose a risk to human health. Ultra-thin. finer and stronger. In this article SSUSA takes a closer look at the papers themselves. Colored. when it comes to papers. a large and growing number of pot users smoke joints or blunts as a primary or supplementary consumption method. so for this reason we should be considerate of the papers we use. the ash it produces should be very small in quantity and a uniform light gray color. but production was not to seriously take off until 1796. Modiano’s elegant range of regular and 1½-sized papers. Wood pulp papers are the worst environmentally. and therefore to be selective about choice of paper is pointless. when Napoleon began to order in bulk for his overseas troops.D. If a paper is burned as a test. That said. The more expert will ‘back-roll’: the paper is turned inside-out so that the gum is on the outside facing the roller. present a safer choice. and many will tear off excess paper prior to rolling. But which choice should you. but were still quite bulky by today’s standards. seasoned joint rollers have developed techniques to minimize paper usage. as the Acacia gum (gum arabic) that is commonly used as an adhesive contains glycerin. or to make them longer-burning. lip. Generally. may also contain potassium nitrate to aid even burning – this substance is linked to acute oral irritation and respiratory tract damage. There has been much evolution since the original thick. Bleaches such as chlorine or calcium carbonate and may contain additives that increase strength while maintaining low weight.
are very popular indeed. that we wish for greater transparency (pardon the pun) regarding what’s in the papers and that we will reject those that are found to be unhealthy. and they are not difficult to obtain wherever you reside. Cloves release eugenol. which is not only wasteful but unnecessary and potentially harmful. but they are not alone in claiming this distinction. They are based on wood pulp (from eucalyptus trees) which relies upon heavy A JOINT MADE WITH A TRANSPARENT EUCALYPTUS CELLOPHANE ‘PAPER’ and some users have mentioned irritation of the throat after use. as even some gummed papers have similar properties. smell. As none of us want chemicals in our pot. At first their use increased rapidly. as long as you have the ability to order online or a good head shop within traveling distance. A US Bureau of Customs and Border Protection ruling from 2008 defined them as drug paraphernalia. either. their use is not widespread and is more as a novelty. The link between teenage smoking and blunt wraps is so pernicious that several states have this year instigated motions to ban their sale – although in January 2011. However. and it is true that they burn very cleanly. The more of us that support the trend for natural rolling products. The FDA in 2009 banned clove cigarettes and other flavored cigarettes and papers (except chemical processing to release its pure cellulose. Although glycerin is also present in the gummed strip of ordinary papers. on the other hand. Transparent cellophane papers have sparked some controversy since their introduction a few years ago (although a transparent paper was apparently produced as early as the 1970s. manufacturers of such papers seem to be very reluctant to disclose these important details. slower burn with little tendency to ‘canoe’ or burn irregularly. for many young stoners it is the method of choice. the rumors have contributed to some decline in popularity. is a pulmonary irritant that may be extremely harmful to health and has been implicated as a factor in the development of MS (as it may cause damage to myelin nerve sheaths). THE WIDE VARIETY OF NATURAL. Fans point to the burn test as demonstrating their superior properties. UNBLEACHED HEMP AND RICE PAPERS OFFERED BY MANY COMPANIES TODAY SEEMS TO PRESENT THE SAFEST CHOICE menthol. and many outlets have stopped selling flavored blunts and may soon follow by stopping sale of unflavored wraps too. also known as propenol. There is very little information available that gives insight into what other additives are used in flavored papers and what the effect may be when smoked. unbleached hemp or rice papers yields impressive A WIDE SELECTION OF DYED PAPERS IS AVAILABLE. it stands to reason that we don’t want it in our papers. that it is now possible to find some really great papers out there. but also with a nod to certain perceived inherent health hazards. A SELECTION OF UNBLEACHED. the clearer the message sent to manufacturers: that we are conscious of what we put into our bodies. Others say they go out quickly. and despite maintaining a presence in head shops nationwide. Many of the flavorings are artificial food additives that are not intended for smoking purposes. ostensibly in a drive to reduce teen smoking. Cigar companies back these campaigns. The wide variety of natural. Glamorized in countless hip-hop songs. They are sold as being 100% cellulose and better for health than traditional papers. However. Illinois House reps rejected the Senate-approved motion there. a cheap cigar can be split and re-rolled with the same result. and all the associated risks remain. . thereby exposing a greater surface area of the lung to smoke damage.27 sus seems to be that instead of adding to the flavor. The consenresults. Colored and flavored papers deserve a mention. when combusted. and the taste. Research suggests that levels of acrolein released by smoking with transparent papers is negligible. Fans cite a cooler. it is thought to be in too small of an amount to pose a risk. blunt wraps are wholly or mostly composed of tobacco. FLAVORED ROLLING PAPERS AND BLUNT WRAPS WERE RECENTLY BANNED BY THE FDA. and sensation of smoking ‘plastic’ is unpleasant (although this could be more attributable to hardto-shake preconceptions as they have a mildly sweet taste without the acridity one would expect from plastic). BUT MAY CONTAIN HAZARDOUS ADDITIVES. Blunt wraps. So many advances have been made to decrease the weight of the paper. most of these papers in fact detract from the taste of what you are smoking. however. Rizla+ introduced menthol and strawberry flavors in 1906. as they are reported to contain around 14% glycerin (to increase the suppleness and smoothness of the cellulose) which. unbleached hemp and rice papers offered by many companies today seems to present the safest choice for pot smokers. UNREFINED HEMP AND RICE ROLLING PAPERS practice to master and can be expensive. the likes of which would have been unseen ten years ago. This substance. but very rewarding. Rolling blunts also encourages greater weed consumption as more is packed in. Aside from the risks of harmful additives. for some reason). citing the negative impact on their image from the strong association that blunt wraps have with smoking Cannabis. with some branding it ‘ridiculous’. produces acrolein. and nowadays the range is very wide. Colored papers also are increasingly viewed as a pointless and perhaps harmful complication. while avoiding chemical additives. but many question this. so the trend is unlikely to die out completely. but this seemed to diminish before long as the novelty wore off. it was brittle and difficult to work with). a topical anesthetic that encourages smokers to inhale extra deeply. A simple online search for additive-free.
and gave the excess to friends. I didn’t want anyone not in my circle by Grubbycup to know I knew anything about weed. they didn’t have the sort of plant structure I was looking for. I wanted flavor as well in each of the crosses. I came to the conclusion that it was too expensive. As time went on. but other than a slight citrus. broken off of bricks (or very expensive). it might show up again in some form. both the Blackberry and Blueberry were used in the final selection. When breeding. Over the years my growing and harvesting techniques improved. the trick is in getting the seeds for superior genetics in the first place. but the name stuck. Genes may be hidden. The first step in starting a breeding program. Anytime I’d join a circle with friends. they had names that were more for record keeping than ease of use. second plant in the set. I wouldn’t need to involve anyone else. (The same basic principles apply. ‘I don’t mix greens’. and the quality of what I smoked improved. My first grows were all from friends’ bag seeds. they won’t exist in following generations. I’d bring my latest test buds to share. The breeding project had taken over my entire garden at the time. I was going to breed my own. I had grown up on a dairy farm. In selecting the father. I looked for the most robust and best flowering out of “THE WAR ON DRUGS HAS FAILED!” 5 “ONE MORE WAY THAT HEMP PLASTIC COULD SAVE OUR LIVES” 17 “HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS” 20 . The Blueberry mother had a very nice flavor. is collecting the original pool of genetics to start selecting from. I smoked most of what I grew. If I had paired the two most potent. it wouldn’t matter which of the four was paired with the others. one promising candidate was: ‘(nl x bb) x bm) x (d x blueb) x black) #2’. It takes the same effort to grow average genetics as it does to grow superior genetics. which was often seeded Mexican brown. it was all Grubbycup’s Stash. and had always enjoyed gardening.ADVANCED INDOOR GROWING 29 IT STARTED BECAUSE I WANTED TO SMOKE CANNABIS THAT I REALLY LIKED Breeding Grubbycup’s Stash When I first started smoking weed. so accurate information was much more difficult to come by than it is today. but they are set and finite. The pairs were selected by what I thought would be give me the best smoke while I worked on combining all four cultivars. Everything in my stash was labeled with an almost unpronounceable code. I didn’t want to buy weed. I didn’t want to sell weed. One drawback to this method is that it creates a bottleneck. I was still labeling with codes for specific traits. the group to declare early. It was during this time that Grubbycup’s Stash got its name. growing it myself seemed the safest choice. The buds I grew were harsh. it’s easier to track one father with several mothers than the other way around. Besides. As I used to say. I may have gotten potent offspring. Shortly thereafter.’ Which doesn’t exactly trip off the tongue. finally I settled on a White Rhino x Blueberry father crossed with a couple of different Purple Lady x Blackberry mothers. plus once I had seeds. and made a lot of different crosses. After careful consideration of my options. For example. The first thing I learned is that I wanted to smoke more of it. The biggest threat to any marijuana garden walks on two legs. the generation may have to be repeated. They were also better than a lot of what my friends were used to smoking. whether breeding pea plants or Cannabis plants. Since these were all experimental plants. To create a starting pool of genetics. The mothers: The Blackberry male’s sisters had a berry flavor. I pollinated several mothers. I tried a lot of different cultivars. Meanwhile I’d be smoking each of the pairs. and I didn’t want to deal with finding someone to buy it from. if the father has dropped an important trait. Growing marijuana came very naturally to me. and I’d ask them their opinion afterward. however.) I also decided that if I was going to grow my own. For example. If a line showed promise or had a trait I liked. I didn’t want to spend the money. Using this father. My friends would ask to load up a bowl of whatever was in ‘Grubbycup’s Stash’. I learned a few things. information on genetics and for breeding plants in general was much easier to come by. uncured and of very ‘iffy’ parentage. That would become a lot easier to do once seed banks became more common. Once the two lines were crossed. If the genes don’t exist in the starting pool. By matching potent plants with nicelyflavored plants. I hoped to start to accumulate the genes needed for a potent. even if I wasn’t working with different cultivars anymore. so it was my only source of personal smoke. but similar to the Blueberry. which was an abbreviation for ‘Northern Lights crossed with Big Bud and the result crossed with Blue Mystic and the result of that crossed with a Durban Poison that had been crossed with a Blueberry and then had been crossed with a Blackberry. the greens in question being Cannabis and cash. studied botany in college. nicely-flavored variety. I just wanted to smoke it. The Purple Lady mother had an amazing kick and a very interesting floral flavor. and to be fair. it wound up naming itself. we were more concerned with just having enough to smoke and not all that picky about how good it was. I didn’t name it. and I didn’t want to buy it. but didn’t have the plant structure I wanted and was a bit cranky to grow. This was in the 1980s. I found better seeds to grow. Although information about marijuana-specific breeding was scarce. On the father’s side: The White Rhino male’s sisters were very potent. and pre-Internet. make sure that you select from plants that have traits similar to what you want in your final line. didn’t have the fruity-flowery sort of flavor I had in mind. since no money would be changing hands. but often had something worth trying in it.
Marijuana is not particularly sensitive to inbred depression. them is the heart of any good breeding program. The goal of the breed is to be my favorite and to that end. some discarded. Clear and accurate labels are a must. the plants became similar to each other. but GS-A developed to be the more potent of the two. and it’s going to continue to be a work in process until inbred depression sets in. People bred both plants and animals using this principle for hundreds. grown in groups. That isn’t to say that they aren’t also bred for bud size. and how to use them to make educated predictions.ancestry. Advice for those interested in trying home breeding: GS MALE NAMED ‘GOLIATH’ THIS GS 3 PRODUCED FOUR LEAVES PER NODE. Over time. after all. isolating and recombining. Whenever I would get close to deciding in favor of one. The tracking of traits. Eventually the best of the two lines were merged. AND ITS MOTHER HAD SUPERIOR COLOR. For example. GRUBBYCUP’S STASH I kept working with the White Rhino x Blueberry until potency and flavor regularly showed in the same plant. It was my intention to use only the best between the two lines. The reason types of notes are so important is not with GS-B. Anyone interested in breeding is heartily encouraged to learn about it. Seeds are collected and labeled. More bags with codes: this is why COULD BE A METHOD OF EARLY SEXING. This process was repeated structure and plant structure. and did the same with the Blackberry x Purple Lady. and by the time you have enough generations under your belt to worry about it. the GS Gol indicates it has 1) Even if you don’t learn the math or the science behind it. The process continued as much more of the same. whorled phyllotaxy (3 or more leaves per and grown again with the GS-B lot for potent long lasting ‘creeper’ stone. etc. or I find something I like better. GS-A and GS-B were grown as two separate cultivars and did not cross-pollinate for several generations. the other would produce a superior specimen. all you really need to know to make use of the principle is that you should grow out multiple generations at the same time and cross the best plants together. The key is being able to match each bowlful of final product to its seeds and parentage. THE LABELS ARE INFORMATIVE. I’m who I bred it for. I’m okay with showing a little favoritism to it though.and recessive genes work. since I could taste test the buds off of clones to select the best ones for seeding. Each container of weed lists the exact plant that it was harvested from. It is not a fast process. and each stem at harvest. GS-D and GS-E that the effect and flavor are higher. The standard for the breed includes a a GS male that was named ‘Goliath’ in its One grow was dedicated to each of the nice initial effect. and today have many more traits in common. Both lines were bred using the same criteria in parallel. people just tended to say ‘Grubbycup’s Stash’ or ‘GS’. The Blackberry x Purple Lady mother was easier to select. seeds from the best smoke can be selected and seeds from only average buds can GS 3 MALES TEND TO HAVE THREE LEAVES PER be disregarded. some ignored. but it can be done. to good effect. It is a work in process. if you just keep breeding your best male to your best female (and don’t add new genetics into the mix) you are off to a good start. This method is commonly used by corporate vegetable seed breeders. NODE. but with time and patience you can produce noticeable changes and put your own mark on the weed you smoke. However.30 the gene pool. but the GS-C. As a result. if not thousands of years. Each growing container is labeled. if not thousands of plants. smooth clean flavor. Peace. In a large-scale operation one option would be to grow very large numbers of the seeds and make selections from hundreds. cross the best plants regardless of generation. Any plant showing a superior example of a trait was marked as part of the label. you will likely have learned how to deal with it. IT MALE HAVE AN EXTRA FINGER GS-E. it is also possible to breed using much smaller numbers of plants. ALTHOUGH INFREQUENTLY FEMALE THE LEAVES ON THIS GS 3 The seeds from the five mothers were PLANTS HAVE DEVELOPED THE TRAIT. IF THE labeled GS-A. However.only for breeding toward. OR TWO AT THE CENTER. and so is the bud as it goes through the curing process. A few buds of each plant grown are seeded. I would never claim it to be any better than anyone else’s work. bud node). Record keeping becomes absolutely critical. Part of the reason that these comparison. I felt confident that I had a White Rhino x Blueberry male that had a good chance of contributing desirable traits to the Blackberry x Purple Lady line. New traits have surfaced as recessive genes found matching recessive genes. As with all traits. some of these were kept. grow plants from different generations together. Any plant that displays an structure is that they are traits that are undesirable trait can be eliminated from than the GS-A and GS-B mothers. You don’t have to become an expert. but I can grow pretty much any strain I want and Grubbycup’s Stash still makes up most of what I put in my pipe. There is a technique known as ‘cubing’ that is very useful to stabilizing a genetic line. and that information can be used to extinguish unwanted traits. AND USED FOR BREEDING the most important to me as a smoker. GS-C. it succeeds. love and puka shells. This way. GS-B. GS-B had superior flavor and structure. Personal label machines can help if poor handwriting is a hindrance. GS 3 has parents that displayed five mothers. Grubbycup . The best of GS-A was cloned quet garni aroma. regardless of what generation they are. just learn how dominant. distinctive floral/bou. and making educated attempts to adjust and recombine AN EARLY GS 3 MALE THE LABEL MEANS THAT IT’S FROM THE LAST GROUP OF ORIGINAL SEEDS. but for breedlots did not produce specimens better rated and more stable than the plant ing against. 3) To benefit from cubing. 2) Learn the basic principles of Mendelian genetics. GS-D and TRAIT WERE TO BECOME CONSISTENT. but that trait holds a lower priority to quality of smoke. IF NOT STYLISH.
is. your one-stop-shop for all things esoteric. sizes and colors – all brought together over a common interest in marijuana. with a range of glass-. A visible haze rose above the crowd like a fog.SHOP REVIEW NL / FESTIVALS & COMPETITIONS 31 Sativa Diva The Pollinator Company The Pollinator Co. The venue was larger.to 70-somethings as well. I even renewed my California patient identification card at one of the booths. It also appeared to have a lot more attendees. the 215 patient area had a very nightclub/party atmosphere. Handcrafted wares by artists were sold next to slick commercial products. Attendees were of all shapes. Regardless of its legal status. Grubbycup AUTHOR JORGE CERVANTES HEMP WICK TO LIGHT A BONG. the Pollinator Co. is responsible for revolutionizing Dutch hash by starting a craze for clean. its use becomes more mainstream and normal. but with a festive atmosphere. Activism. it was obvious that while there were plenty of 20-somethings in attendance. Amsterdam.nl » info@pollinator. Additional merchandise includes items for your meditation space. Artwork lined the walls. NL » www.pollinator. and a wide variety of marijuana-related products. love and puka shells. including some tasty treats by last year’s medal winners Bliss Edibles. if this year’s event was any indication. each seeming to make a bigger claim than the last. Located on a picturesque canal near Amsterdam’s famous Waterlooplein market. rugs and tables set in the center. the shop is loaded with books ranging from how to grow a variety of plants. Hemp is also heavily featured. next time they will need more room. smoking accessories and related products are featured. Check out the website for virtual demonstrations of and ordering information for the Pollinator. there were plenty of 30. the winners were announced to much fanfare and cheering. bongs. It was nice to see that promise kept. At the end of the show on Sunday night. proprietor. wooden. Mila’s shop is not a grow shop. enigmatic herbs. Nieuwe Herengracht 25 1011 RL. which made for a very relaxing place to visit after making a circuit in the 215 patient area. Established in the winter of 1994. Edible samples were handed out. The Results: Hybrid 1st Place: 2nd Place: 3rd Place: OG Kush (D & M Compassion Center) Star Dawg (Buds & Roses) The Pure (Leonard Moore Co-Operative) Indica 1st Place: Boggle Gum (Harborside Health Center) 2nd Place: The True OG (Elemental Wellness Center) 3rd Place: 7 Star Pure Kush (7 Stars Holistic Healing Center) Sativa 1st Place: Bay 11 (Granddaddy Purple Collective) 2nd Place: Alpha Blue (OrganiCann) 3rd Place: Sonoma Coma (Happy Lil’ Trees) . the shop is perhaps most famous for three mandatory pieces of hash making equipment: the Pollinator dry sieve machines. ice-water extracted resin products. activist and entrepreneur. The Pollinator Co. The Pollinator Co. Vendors sold pipes. in Amsterdam enjoys legendary status: Mila. good health and enlightenment are common themes throughout the shop and its products. and it was wall-to-wall with people. San Francisco by Grubbycup As the laws surrounding Cannabis and medical marijuana in California become more reasonable. MAINSTREAM ENOUGH FOR A BILLBOARD A HAZE WAFTED OVER THE CROWD. The main floor of the indoor area was busy. making the Pollinator Co. quite simply. Marijuana was sold and sampled. and had a better layout as well. Credit card grinders and a staggering variety of ways to consume were available to eager shoppers. including author Jorge Cervantes. To give the organizers credit. Ice-o-lator and Bubbleator machines. Seeds. from wallets to cosmetics. loud music played in the background. Danny Danko.and natural substances available. the 2011 entry was both quick and painless in comparison. videos and magazines. at least in the smoking section outside. Last year when I attended the HTMCC the line to enter the event was nightmarish. INTERNATIONAL CANNABIS Peace. mushrooms or cacti to accessing your spiritual side through mindaltering substances. Ice-o-lator bags for water extraction and the latest addition to the family. and the senior cultivation editor of High Times. unlike any other spot in the industry. At last year’s awards ceremony High Times magazine’s executive editor Dan Skye promised they would improve the process for this year’s show. nor is it a head shop. CA WAS HELD AT THE CONCOURSE EXHIBITION CENTER High Times Medical Cannabis Cup. Upstairs had a nice mellow area.nl THE SECOND HIGH TIMES MEDICAL CANNABIS CUP TO BE HELD IN SAN FRANCISCO. After you’ve chosen the correct texts and accessories. is a staple for locals and a beloved destination for returning tourists and Cannabis connoisseurs. plants and advice are all available. the Bubbleator all-in-one system. Several booths were rented by LED companies. psychedelic clothes and a full range of posters. Seminars and panels were held by Cannabis celebrities and experts. vaporizers. browse the cactus garden or visit the hallucinogenic plants and flowers in the back of the shop. Harborside’s Steve DeAngelo. In addition to the hash extractors for which the company is famous. Oversized joints were passed around. DEMONSTRATING THE USE OF A In sharp contrast. Of course. This year the High Times Medical Cannabis Cup in San Francisco even had a nearby billboard.
can continue to create strong new ones. such as promotional videos and representation at major international events. the Netherlands has been a focal point for many years due to the importance of the industry there. not just in the Netherlands but also in countries. times will always change and industries in a free market will THE ATTITUDE TEAM maintaining biodiversity by seeking out interesting and unique strains is one of the most important things the collector can do to ensure the future of these genetics. with the Netherlands as a base for their activities. The guys at The Attitude take great care to meet with breeders and discuss individual strains in order to give the best and most accurate information to the customer. This is where The Attitude comes in. and customers can be sure that their queries will be dealt with in a prompt and supportive manner. Although Cannabis itself is found all over the world. many of which will remain viable in seed form (when properly stored) for years and posto the intensive nature of their operations. innovation is always rewarded. However. Seed stock exists in massive quantities. including parts of Europe. wherever there is a new company producing quality items. particularly focusing on Europe and the Americas. But the staff are not complacent – they are determined to continue their quest to provide quality strains globally. In the vaults of The Attitude Seed Bank. Their efforts to represent as many seed companies as possible and stock the greatest variety of quality strains show exactly why The Attitude has made it to the top spot – and they’re showing no signs of slowing down! The team has that special something in that they always seek to be where other seed banks have not even thought of venturing yet. such as Spain and Europe. naturally seek the best and most appropriate setting and methods of operation. we cannot entirely predict what will happen in the future to a certain strain. Without the efforts of the seed banks. rapid advances in techniques (along with the explosion in new varieties that we’ve seen in recent years) has meant that strains are also in grave danger of being lost. due to the vagaries of genetics. wherever possible it is important to keep a full inventory of present-day. Providing reliable information is extremely important to the Attitude. and are hard at work sourcing new companies to work with every day. the spread is assisted by the efforts of The Attitude. the community has had increasing opportunities to transfer information between countries. It’s simply not possible to preserve every strain out there. bringing never-before-seen products from all corners of the globe. stable seed stock to avoid strains disappearing – and so that experts sibly decades. As telecommunications and exchange of goods and services have expanded. representing more than ninety seed companies in the effort to bring their customers throughout the world the widest – and best – choice of Cannabis seeds and strains. Established five years ago. we should not forget the many years of research and development that our European cousins have put into breeding viable strains. It’s important for a serious collector to preserve a wide selection of varieties for the future. are vital. The Attitude wants to know about it.SEED BANKS 33 achieved the massive success they currently enjoy. we introduced The Attitude Seed Bank and discussed the recent history of the seed industry. Now that the focus of the Cannabis industry is moving towards the Americas. To conclude our three-part series. The Attitude has grown at an explosive rate to become the largest seed bank in the world today. This ability to exchange ideas and techniques is the backbone of the international Cannabis seed industry. despite such endeavors. are important in that they have always attempted to provide a good selection of seeds from breeders all over the world – and Over many decades the great breeders worked at creating the varieties we now have. we’ll take a closer look at the changing nature of the international seed market. and are definitely unsuited to breed further strains (until they have undergone a lengthy process of crossing and back-crossing to fix desired traits into the genome). By their constant presence at conventions. but The Attitude is doing a very good job of attempting it. Now that the legal Cannabis industry is expanding globally and many collectors are seeking to complete their personal catalog. However. which can demand a huge amount of time and dedication. they give varied and potentially unsatisfactory results. time and time again. fresh products and the widest possible selection of new strains. The team has worked closely with major European breeders for years to provide the connoisseur collectors among us with a steady selection of original genetics. many genetics would have been lost forever – some have been lost already. interesting and unique strains are thankfully not in shortage. Seed banks are also highly important gateways for other breeders and seed companies to become part of the wider network: many of the smaller companies are limited in budget and the opportunities for publicity that The Attitude team offers. and what the future may hold Kali Mist for The Attitude and other companies like it. Although their customers are sure to receive high quality. who offer a range that runs into the thousands. and sufficient stabilization of new strains often is in jeopardy. and other companies like it. and a quick glance through the online catalog will demonstrate how effectively they have covered the whole spectrum. healthy parents for innumerable new strains. are even more important in a time of new grows in Europe being more difficult to complete. you can rest assured that the vaults at The Attitude also contain a vast array of seeds from all places and from all points in time – from the early 1980s up until now. The sheer choice one encounters when browsing the vast lists of products is enough to delight and possibly bewilder even the most choosy and specific of us. The Attitude also have the chance to really explore what’s out there. as even with careful management it is possible to lose a whole lineage. As with any crop that is selectively bred by people. most of the original and still most significant seed companies were founded during this period there. enough to keep customers happy for years to come. and without it The Attitude could not have THE ATTITUDE IS AN AWARD-WINNING SEED BANK. These heirloom genetics. providing diverse brands perfect for the requirements of thousands of collectors across the world. The Attitude. with the rise of the Internet seeing relevant websites springing up every day. and despite all our knowledge of genetics. and it’s important work – keeping strains alive and stable in nature is hard enough in a perfect world. Yet the valuable heirloom stock safely stored at The Attitude alone could provide stable. but it must be noted that the information that is provided cannot concern topics that . If new strains are unstable. Many smaller breeders are unable to network fully with potential customers due International Seed Market: A GROWING COLLABORATION In the first two issues of Soft Secrets USA. Therefore.
and have been attracting much attention over the last few years with some amazing sativa. TWO INVALUABLE STAFF MEMBERS NATALIA WITH RAKAA FROM DILATED PEOPLES THE WINNER OF B-DAY PROMOTION. mountains and two very different maritime climates on the north and south coasts. possession and cultivation of small amounts of Cannabis is now legal. as without it none of our indooradapted hybrids would ever have been conceived of in the first place. or the hostile steppes of eastern Europe – where monoecious hemp and autoflowering ruderalis thrive. the team expects that as techniques and exchange of information continues to improve through the community. Whether Cup-winner.and hybrid genetics. As for The Attitude team. The diversity of climate. In the Czech Republic. From humble beginnings. and a great range of altitudes – sometimes even within one country. which reaches subtropical conditions in the Canary Islands. Without it. THE ATTITUDE HAS GROWN AT AN EXPLOSIVE RATE In this way many names that would never normally make it into the spotlight have become popular and well-loved in the global community. During their work in Europe. prompt and efficient as always! NATALIA AND JODIE. allows for a range of adapted varieties to be developed. It stands to reason that any one of the new and unknown companies of today could be the next big thing. and new ones are being added all the time. with global renown. by representing all the major players – as well as a plethora of smaller and lesser-known organizations. and signs that small seed companies may be emerging are apparent. The Attitude team have seen firsthand the diversity that the continent has to offer. we can be sure that high quality seeds will be available worldwide for collectors. The next generation can only benefit from our efforts to strengthen the gene pool: if current PROVIDING RELIABLE INFORMATION IS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT TO THE ATTITUDE customers will find seed companies from many countries represented within their catalog. it’s going to be difficult not to spend hours scouring the pages of The Attitude’s online catalog to find that special something to round off your collection. and is proud to represent the talented and professional organizations that are behind this vital research. infamous cult classic or new and undiscovered gem. Over the next few years. and as the seeds of industry were sown by initially small and unknown companies. The Attitude supports such legal enterprises: so hard to get out there and talk to the countless organizations that now exist. There are vast swathes of undeveloped land where few venture: the remote valleys of alpine Switzerland. in fact – for the seed business to reach its current status as a serious and profitable concern. the sunny pastures of southern Mediterranean countries such as Greece. The Attitude is also committed to continuing their work of seeking out a wide range of sources. The network that exists. The continent encompasses a massive diversity of climate zones. the strains of the future will be spectacular – as far removed from the strains of today as ours are from the varieties of the 1970s and 1980s. the key to a healthy industry. repufamous out there. IN AMSTERDAM WITH THE GUYS FROM THE GREENHOUSE . International collaboration is. they will enjoy a myriad of stable feminized and auto-flowering strains that current collectors can only now imagine. But as long as companies like The Attitude provide their efficient service to the planet. Auto-flowering hybrids are improving and are increasingly popular among the customers of The Attitude. you can be sure that The Attitude team has it waiting for you and is ready to dispatch your order. That’s why The Attitude works their global efforts to provide Cannabis seeds for storage or for legal cultivation. wherever they may be. It is crucially important for organizations such as The Attitude to continue hundred-plus! With every new addition bringing their contribution of fresh quality strains to the market.34 may encourage customers to contravene local law. breeding programs have elevated some table Spanish seed companies are also now appearing. so have those same small companies grown to become the most progress is any indicator. It’s taken many years – decades. it’s back to work – there are more breeders out there to meet and represent. The Attitude Seed Bank is looking forward to a long and exciting role within this revolutionary movement. and the contribution of such people is therefore highly important. future research cannot happen. and always has been. While the major Dutch companies are still a force to be reckoned with. is allowing for the creation and preservation of amazing strains that deserve a place in any connoisseur’s library. and by next year the list is expected to grow from ninety to a ESTABLISHED FIVE YEARS AGO. which boasts semi-arid plains. such as Spain. and improvements to techniques cannot benefit the community as a whole. Much of temperate Europe is ideal for developing great varieties that will flourish in similar conditions elsewhere. Turkey and Albania. linking several continents. auto-flowering genetics to the status of being worthy of consideration by the most serious collectors.
The real stuff also fetched double the price. but it was the real Afghani hash that people wanted. Access was usually through a screw-off bottom. Others just relied on timing. despite the fact that if you were caught they’d lock you away for years. In fact. terrorism has changed many things in the world. They loaded identical bags with bricks and placed them on the same flight. back then the discovery was gold. One group of crazies operating on balls and stupidity used to fly out of landlocked Peshawar (in northern Pakistan) and there’s not so much as a puddle for hundreds of miles. Due to lax airport searches. With Pakistan’s neighbor at war it was much easier operating out of India. The owner of the bags picked them up from the stunned driver and left in another taxi before the police showed up. a popular route because of its lack of baggage controls on entering the country. At one point there were hundreds of ‘divers’ traveling the world with loaded tanks. Africa was the popular transit point on the route to Europe.36 SMUGGLER’S TALES WHEN JACQUES COUSTEAU INVENTED THE AQUALUNG REGULATOR. It didn’t always go as planned. Hippie surfers were synonymous with marijuana use. A WET SUIT AND A COUPLE OF TANKS WERE ALL THAT WAS NEEDED. Some didn’t bother with such niceties. where they executed hash smugglers. In Nairobi. Back in Amsterdam the circular plaques of black border hash were christened ‘banjos’. but for that you needed paperwork. but tanks alone were not enough. When things did run to plan. Those traveling to Australia often passed through Singapore. One group even stole the bags off another while in transit and got away with it. with its oil industry. this kind of smuggling required physical fitness – a double set with suit and fins weighed around seventy five kilos (ca. but divers were a different breed by O’Riodon altogether. although I’m sure it’s not the case today. the luggage would just arrive on the carousel and you’d have to fight a taxi driver to get your bags back. 165lbs. IT ALSO OPENED UP NEW POSSIBILITIES FOR THE SMUGGLER. In Pakistan bribery was often the way to get bags on a plane without a search. With the introduction of the aluminum tank the perfect smuggling tool was created. was a popular transit point. but it was the diving tank that had the real potential. On this particular occasion a driver had grabbed a couple of diving bags off the belt and started to swing them onto his shoulder. One group traveling from India transited through Nairobi. Most used intelligence to beat the controls. airport accomplices picked up the real bags before the actual owners had cleared immigration. for example finding out the search schedules. Bags sometimes went missing. Thanks. Filling the tanks was also a problem as there’s not much sport diving in Pakistan. but first you had to get out of the source country. by the time they were finally reunited with their owner a month later. Air India flights had virtually no searches for first class passengers and a huge baggage allowance thrown in. but they still did it. Halfway through the movement he felt the momentum of the seventy-five kilo weight. arriving on a Sunday morning when staff levels were low and multiple flights were also arriving from innocent destinations. Many just traveled through the airport on combination of luck and guts. IT BECAME POSSIBLE FOR SPORT DIVERS TO TRAVEL THE WORLD AND DIVE WHEREVER THEY LIKED. and it wasn’t until they reached their hotel that they discovered the switch. it was routine. the method was also unfortunately used to transport hard drugs. but there was nothing he could do about it. lack of exotic hashish is one of them. The trick was to pick up the thirty-five kilo bag off of the belt as if it weighed nothing. Having loaded the equipment. a tank covered in sand and seaweed usually did the trick. the next step was the route. Should customs have a look. Jacques Before the dreadful events of 9/11 it was common to travel by air with all kinds of sports equipment. so you needed a reason to travel. That took balls. COUSTEAU. India was a victim of its own class system. Unfortunately. they’d been around the world. as he’d already loaded them into his taxi. It only required some simple milling equipment to reduce a twenty-five kilo tank down to twelve.) Imagine carrying that with a bounce in your step. However not all of them had the ethics of the Cannabis smuggler. maybe ten. so it was well-worth locating. but this was a period when officialdom didn’t seem to realize that tanks could carry more than air. FATHER OF THE AQUALUNG A WEEK ON THE BEACH: NOT A BAD WAY TO SPEND A ‘BUSINESS TRIP’ ‘BANJOS’ OF AFGHANI HASHISH WERE PASSED AROUND FILLED WITH AIR OR HASH? . which was hidden under the rubber boot. Professionals would use a small internal compressed air tank containing just enough to give a convincing phssst should customs open the valve. many a board stuffed with marijuana made it through. as there was less security – and when Afghani hash was not available there was always Manali or Kashmir. The Emirates. Most would travel to a neutral nation before attempting to enter their destination country. When the bags reached shoulder height they just kept going and took him straight through a plate-glass window and down a flight of stairs. A double-tank set had real potential. some even changed passports en route to disguise where they’d come from. Some groups would employ runners who’d never been near the source country to make the last part of the journey. lighter hash. Most used the cover of professional oil rig divers. There was a case of an airline putting the bags on the wrong flight. A twelve liter tank could carry almost thirteen kilos of Afghani hashish. which in this day and age is a rather disturbing thought. The surf board was a longtime favorite of the hippie smuggler. After a week on the beach it was time to think about the final leg home.
Unfortunately this means that a particular phenotype can become insufficiently suited to its surroundings as conditions change by Kali Mist and newer. racy effect. Kalamata has virtually disappeared off the map as a producer of this unique sativa. cultivation began in earnest when growers brought seeds (thought to be mostly of the Colombian Red cultivar) to the country from Colombia in defiance of the harsh crackdown on drug production there. and as with so many of the exceptional landraces out there. and its prominence as a destination for sailors from all corners of the globe. One that does apparently remain (albeit in massively reduced quantities) is a strain developed and made famous over many generations in and around Kalamata. the pot-smoking population relies heavily upon imported hash from Morocco or Spain. compact flowers that may have a rosy or reddish coloration. in other locales production has been sidelined in favor of the more profitable coca plant. It is also believed that the original Greek strains may well have been influenced by some of the by Kali Mist purest African sativas. Although much of this learning has been lost to the general populace through increasingly harsh domestic drug policy. ‘Phenotypic plasticity’. higher-yielding plant. be sure to find the last few remaining guys who grow it and beg for a seed sample. and Cannabis has lessened in importance as an export in recent years. and we can possibly trace its lineage back to East Asia around 1. was a compact sativa with some indica characteristics – similar to other Eastern Mediterranean strains still in existence (such as those found in Lebanon and Egypt). with long. It exhibits long red hairs on the flowers. ©ULRICHSTILL Panama Red Wherever humans have gone. It is sativa. The flavor is reported to range from citrus to woody. as well as those from Asia. In Crete there is a fair amount of cultivation to this day – attitudes towards mainland Greek policy are hostile and many Cretans are prepared to defy the law of the land. The ‘War on Drugs’ has. It is likely that the prevalent phenotype for centuries. when intensively farmed. Kalamata Greece has a long history of cultivating Cannabis – mostly sativa varieties that could be selected for fiber and seed as well as to produce higher-THC cultivars. the ravages of the cocaine trade have left an indelible mark on Cannabis cultivation. if not millennia. This enables rapid localized adaptation. clear sativa high – as opposed to the stupefying narcotic effect of the Colombian Red. Many of the secrets of Cannabis that are only now becoming common knowledge to us were known thousands of years ago to the ancient Greeks. Cannabis has followed soon after. ©DIRKVDM . and in the intervening centuries since their introduction various landraces have evolved. existing populations are depleted and phenotypes lost.ENDANGERED STRAIN GUIDE 37 Minor. Kalamata pot is a closely guarded secret and examples are exceptionally rare. a handful of lineages were able to flourish up until recent times. its massive importance as a trafficking route has meant that local criminal gangs have turned their attention to cocaine. of course. long-flowering tropical sativas. the single most profitable strain may be exhausted while others are allowed to die off. In much of Central America. second city of the Peloponnese (a region on the south coast of mainland Greece that enjoys a very pleasant climate). In some places Cannabis is intensively cultivated. The hilly terrain and numerous small islands provide many opportunities for covert growing. selection pressures have acted against it as cultivators prefer a more robust. growers who still manage to finish a crop are increasingly choosing quicker-flowering Skunk varieties. and is apparently now unavailable. Also. must have yielded genetics from many sources. and it is suggested that the species can therefore survive significant climate change and – is indeed already responding to ongoing changes. the Red is now truly a lost strain. In Panama. when land is cleared for intensive coca production. or the ability of a plant to change its genetic structure in response to environmental pressures. The Red first appeared – and rapidly achieved fame – in the ‘60s and ‘70s. and a flowering time of around 14 weeks – very similar in description to many African landrace genetics. It is still available from seed banks in hybrid form. Conversely. But if you ever find yourself there and you have a trusted connection to help you navigate your way around the tricky politics of local weed cultivation. The wideranging explorations of the Greeks in their golden era. and in the recent past Panamanian Cannabis was widely available.100 AD when the advancing Mongol armies invaded Asia AN EXAMPLE OF A LOCAL SATIVA FROM A KALAMATA GROWER ©KALI MIST MUCH OF THE PELOPONNESE REGION IS CHARACTERIZED BY LOW-LYING. fitter examples evolve or are introduced. leading to highly morphologically-distinct Cannabis populations worldwide. On the mainland itself. and are introducing hybrids that are flourishing in the benevolent climate – and rapidly gaining dominance. which then interbred with the local sativas of the time. and with a racy. Wild or escaped communities now exist on every continent save Antarctica. is very apparent in the Cannabis genus. They brought their own Cannabis genetics. further compounding the problem. commonly crossed with White Widow or Skunk to enable successful indoor grows. High-quality local cultivars that were widely available in the 1980s are now almost impossible to find. Panama Red was the name given to the bushy red cultivar that ultimately emerged: reportedly of an airier structure and lighter color than its predecessor. led to eradication of Cannabis fields throughout the region. Panama’s near-equatorial latitude and forgiving climate allows for the harvest of very pure. Both extremes can affect the gene pool. and low-quality weed from Albania. due to police crackdowns on outdoor grows and excessively harsh penalties. WELL-DRAINED PASTURE LAND. It can grow up to 15 feet tall and can yield up to five pounds per plant when well-tended. quicker-flowering. as well as a reddish coloration to the leaves and flowers themselves. but it seems that unless undiscovered communities exist out there in the rugged Panamanian hills and islands. Alongside (and arguably due to) police crackdowns. Kalamata is high in THC with an intense. as well as some Thai and Cambodian. while little coca is actually grown in Panama. THE RUGGED AND REMOTE TROPICAL TERRAIN PROVIDES PLENTY OF OPPORTUNITY FOR COVERT GROWS. however. and represents a significant percentage of overall narcotics trafficking. Local growers also often selectively breed for desired characteristics. As with many disappearing landraces and cultivars.
Since I used perlite as a growing medium. and as such I would not recommend them as a good choice for novice growers. DAY 185: LEDS CAN FLOWER.108. However. but when using LEDs over soil.and three-watt LEDs from the Netherlands. The lower waste heat of the LEDs could be useful in conditions where excess waste heat is a problem. Dinafem’s Critical Jack seeds were used. When current is applied from positive to negative. Prototypes of LED grow lights disappointed a lot of early adopters.38 ADVANCED INDOOR GROWING LED Trial with Critical Jack LIGHT EMITTING DIODES LEDS ARE USED TO TAKE A PLANT FROM SEED TO BUD Light emitting diodes are electroluminescent. To ensure that the plants were from quality genetics. The self-contained unit is heavy for its size. It runs much cooler than HID lighting. The third trial successfully completed from seed to harvest without incident. Four seeds were put in to sprout on December 17th. Internode length was shorter. I have no doubt that a 400w LED array could easily outperform a 400w HID light. LEDs have come a long way since they first hit the market. blue and violet lamps. would require more electricity to use. 400w of LED array is substantially more expensive than 400w of HID lighting. or didn’t work well. with several wired together to make a single light fixture. in an indoor vented closet. bud development was very tight. This includes spending some energy on producing green light. but was easy to set up in a small space. three of the plants were removed. The LED unit runs much cooler than traditional lighting. My experience so far with LEDs has shown them to be unforgiving of errors. However. and that. For example. The 1000w light would generate a lot more waste heat. the 104w LED unit performed better than a 250w HID. and has a very pleasant exhale. or 10 x 3w diodes. and being mostly solid-state. Overall. and final harvest was 20 grams for a GPD (grams per day) of . It delivers a nicely potent hit. at current market prices. is more shock resistant than glass lamps. It seems well built. then that energy is wasted. Lighting was switched to 12 hours on/12 hours off at 130 days from seed. The plant finished in 55 days (just under 8 weeks). For use in stealth cabinets or in a location where heat is an issue. if green light is not used by the plant. should last longer without needing bulb or part replacements. love and puka shells. but I was curious if the advances in technology had advanced to the point where they were a viable alternative to HIDs and fluorescents. The individual diodes are usually one to five watts each. Grubbycup DAY 81: THE LED PLANTS ARE SHORT AND DENSE DAY 172: BUDS WITH TIGHT FLORAL CLUSTERS THIS 104W LED UNIT WAS THE ONE USED IN THE TRIAL.7 ounces (75 grams) which trimmed and dried to . Compared to the GPDs from other tests. and nutrient uptake problems. Trial two also ended prematurely. Trial one ended prematurely due to low temperature issues.7 ounce (20 grams) of nice smoke. Gender declared itself as normal (being feminized. The first units arrived on the scene with a lot of hype and a high price tag. bulb and socket. the plant appeared to be a miniaturized version of a much larger plant. overwatering wasn’t an issue. and would add the expense of bulb replacement. They have two leads. it declared female). TWELVE DAYS FROM SEED THE CRITICAL JACK FROSTED NICELY. so by using red. The unit I tested is a commercial 104w combination of one. and at least in theory. and leaves a nice warm afterglow. they produce light. DAY 28: THE PLANT WAS MOVED INTO NORMAL LIGHTING FOR THIS PHOTO. and foliage was denser than my experiences with HPS or fluorescent lighting. Bud development started very slow. I can confidently say that it is possible to grow good weed under a well-designed LED light. . The Critical Jack has a woody aroma with subtle notes of lemon. ballast. The testing took more trials than expected. they either didn’t work. Calculating the GPD for each harvest will allow a gardener to compare the success of grows even if the number of days taken for each is different. During mid flowering. they use small doped semiconductors to emit light. The plants were grown in perlite with small plastic pots as containers. watt for watt. blue and violet bands. a positive and a negative.7 OUNCES (75 GRAMS). due to a combination of complications from having the light too close to the canopy. LEDs are made to emit specific wavelengths. and as a result the plants suffered from the cool temperatures in the space. However. A fluorescent lamp will use its power to broadcast light in many colors. which is why the plant appears green. they perform better than HPS or fluorescent technologies. Peace. Start to finish it took 185 days. and as a result. to ensure the plants did not suffer due to crowding. but it was also small for its age. water moved through the plant at a slower rate than I am used to. it is not an inexpensive unit to purchase: retail price runs in the same ballpark as a budget HID magnetic coil 1000w. The spacing of the branches was still very short. but picked up dramatically in the last couple of weeks. so initial cost may be an important consideration. Plant transpiration under the unit was reduced. but not as well as a 400w HID. LEDs create about the same amount of light per watt as fluorescent lighting. Wet weight was 2. A higher percentage of the energy spent is converted into light that the plants can use. and early growth was compact and vigorous. The smoke is sweet tasting. smooth with a hint of bite. a single 30w LED light might be manufactured from 30 x 1w by Grubbycup diodes. Green light is reflected back away from the plant. and the plant was very bushy. They sprouted normally. but may be more appropriate if these factors are not a concern. they are worth taking a look at – if the cost of purchasing the unit doesn’t break the budget. be careful of over-watering. and the learning curve on use was steeper than it appeared. Chlorophyll uses light with wavelengths primarily from the red. energy is not spent on creating green light. FRESH CUT WEIGHT WAS 2. An advantage LED lamps have over fluorescent lamps is the ability to project specific wavelengths (colors) of light. Today’s units still come with the hype and the price.
female plants can be cloned for many generations. clothing and bedding. armed with these facts. Male plants mature faster than females. Male hemp grows 10-15% taller than female. In a greenhouse or indoor grow room. but the effect a male’s genes will have on the overall look and potency of his daughters can only be known by growing out the progeny to maturity. MALE HEMP FIBER WAS USED TO MAKE FINE ITEMS LIKE THIS LINEN-STYLE CUSHION. by Kali Mist In the drug Cannabis industry. but at some point male pollen should be introduced and new seeds grown as the genetic begins to weaken. So perhaps. new healthy generations cannot emerge. Some enthusiasts claim the products they create are comparable to or even better than those produced from female plants. male plants have a very important place in hemp farming. weeks before your girls will be ready. The archaic English word ‘fimble’ (from the old Dutch femeel) specifically refers to the male hemp plant and male hemp fiber. Therefore THC production has already peaked by this point. Yes. newlyformed male flower basking in the glow of your expensive HPS lights. die and are harvested for fiber. The method to produce butter from males is identical to that for females. The dioecious nature of Cannabis and the different uses for male and female hemp were recorded as early as 221 BC in an early Chinese dictionary. either in the form of hash. knowing that they must be removed from the grow straightaway and that all the care and attention you’ve lavished upon them up to now was wasted. Any alternative to simply throwing them in the trash has got to be worth considering. remember that a higher quantity of male plant matter will be needed than for female plant extraction. the stalk and foliage may be treated in various ways to extract the psychoactive compounds. Scent and floral structure may be discernible from male plants also. by the time you next have to cut down your males you may be looking forward to it! A FLOWERING MALE HEMP PLANT SHOWING ABUNDANT POLLEN PRODUCTION ©ERIK FENDERSSON 2006 TRADITIONALLY. or an eighth of ice-o-lator or oil – who knows. The coarser. the first sign a plant shows of being male is their cue to rip it up and dispose of it – but is there any use for the males besides causing your precious females to be ruined by seed growth? Unless you are a breeder. Having males and females is an integral part of the Cannabis plant’s nature – just as it is for humans – and maintaining unnatural reproductive cycles for many generations is impossible without great effort.to good quality. the male of the species deserves a special place in the annals of botanical history. the female’s flower period. Some. It is improbable that good results would be yielded from most methods of hash-making. good height (neither too short nor too tall). vigor. But their fibers are also prized. and some have reported producing hash of medium. The male matures much faster than the female: it is already producing pollen and is ready to die in the initial few weeks of len. stable father can be the basis for hundreds of successful crosses. and this article will tell you a little about them. male specimens of psychoactive Cannabis strains do contain varying amounts of THC and other cannabinoids. the observable traits that are most desirable are low hermaphroditism. WEAVERS HAVE USED THE EARLIER-HARVESTED MALE FIBER TO MAKE FINE LINEN-STYLE ITEMS SUCH AS TOWELS. However. weavers have used the earlier-harvested male fiber to make fine linen-style items such as towels. When selecting males for breeding. if the males are cut just before the flowers mature and begin to release polvery select crops – and hash containing male pollen is said to be yellowish and lower in strength and overall quality. Although levels are low compared with female plants. sacking and canvas. as THC levels are so low: in many traditional hash-making communities (such as Morocco) males are not separated from females – except for THROUGH HISTORY. But male plants do have their uses. allowing pollination to occur and seeds to develop within the flower as it grows. Various males must be allowed to pollinate identical groups of female clones to ascertain which male produces the most viable offspring. and their properties have been long-studied. oil – or butter for cooking. It’s a terrible feeling staring at a bunch of males. ©RAYELA ART 2008 . you’ll be a little more forgiving when you next find yourself staring at a tiny. The females then ripen and are harvested for seed and fiber. Don’t throw them away – try making a batch of brownies. release pollen. the fiber is finer but lower in tensile strength. It is said that males make good oil – when extracted by soaking the plant matter in high-quality ethanol – and it is possible that this is the best use for your grow room or greenhouse males. and stirred into melted butter (or a mixture of butter and water to prevent burning) with reportedly good results. and rapid maturation rate. When attempting any of the above methods. around 1. some indoor growers of highpotency strains have attempted to make ice-o-lator from males.and A MALE SUPER SILVER HAZE PLANT IN FULL FLOWER – PART OF A BREEDING PROGRAM ©RIKVA 2009 were world-famous. Feminized seed crops must be treated repeatedly with colloidal silver or gibberellic acid to prevent normal flowering. Apart from the world of breeding highpotency Cannabis. you’ve probably never thought much about it. Through history. CLOTHING AND BEDDING has thinner stalks.39 Male Cannabis: LET’S HEAR IT FOR THE BOYS! For most growers.900 years before Western botanists ‘discovered’ sex in plants – also by studying male Cannabis! For this reason alone. stronger female fibers were used for ropes. On the other hand. such as the almost silk-like fabrics manufactured by some Italian weavers. Console yourself with the thought that you’ve actually got some usable THC. They are obviously vital for seed production as. strong males are prized by breeders. It is impossible to create and stabilize a new variety without doing it the old-fashioned way (breeding males with females). and strains of cultivated monoecious hemp must be re-developed from parent stock every few generations to prevent reversion to the normal dioecious growth. without their pollen. The plant matter is ground up as small as possible. A good.
I must have seemed deranged. glistening white and sporting a big red ribbon. HE PROMISED TO LOOK AFTER THE CAKE. scattering cake everywhere. He left. I just beat him to the door. The guest list was varied due to our different professions and wide circle of friends. Rushing into the main room. less sensitive days I was inevitably responsible by O’Riodon for giving nearly sixty people just such an experience. then headed for the cloakroom to get his coat. Half the party fell on it like wolves. the next surprise. It was at that point the cake arrived. The cake was handed over with the whispered words. In complete panic. it just added to the bizarreness. I disappeared with it into the kitchen and locked the door. All about the place the people were starting to turn green. I even took a half-eaten piece off my grandmother. On the day. so I decided to cut off a small piece and hide the rest. Having already eaten a piece. When somebody walked past carrying a large piece. My partner’s Siamese cats had retreated to the back room. My new in-laws had just discovered the cloakroom was full of hairy people smokIT’S ALWAYS NICE TO HAVE A ‘PRIEST’ IN ATTENDANCE! ing weed. but did prompt a visit to the back room. She was a money dealer and I was a gallery owner. then the idea to give it a ‘sparkle’ crept in. I couldn’t throw it away. So. Then it started. they began to drop like flies – fortunately I left before the ambulances arrived. The hash was actually meant to be a reward for the chef. they’d all seen it. a delicious time bomb about to blow the party apart. when he got drunk and chased women around the party. To my new in-laws I was the devil incarnate. His Rolls Royce and escort were blocking the street. it was either the best party ever. ing flown over from England with my mother. and that’s where their mother found them. There was also my new wife’s extensive Dutch family. the other half were beginning to wonder why they felt so weird. I rushed up and grabbed what was left and disappeared upstairs. He promised to look after the cake. unaware of the experience yet to come. The occasion was my first marriage. but there’s a darker side to eating Cannabis – the surprise effect. Then. holding it high. Numb and in shock. the haranguing I got had little effect. The cake tasted so good. I heard the explosion from the other end of the party. The artists had softened to the bankers and even I had managed to shake off the stag night hangover. a shout announced somebody had found the remainder of the cake. It was downhill from there on THEY DROPPED LIKE FLIES . one uncle had eaten seven pieces. I realized the explosive implications of a cake containing sixty grams of hash. After a moment or two of pleasantries. befitting her status. When I met him he was just finishing a piece of cake. I mentioned earlier that my new wife was a money dealer. I freaked. Depending upon who you talked to. thanks to that social lubricant: alcohol. I saw cake in all the wrong hands. The guy I was talking to suddenly lay down on the floor and then got up again as if nothing had happened. Unwittingly eating a cookie that takes you into another state of mind can be a little unnerving. well. the wedding ceremony was over and the party was getting into full swing. in. We married in Amsterdam and the reception was held in the gallery. When I reappeared with a plate of minute portions there were lots of complaints. If the dose is right. tripped and fell down the stairs. it seemed like a good idea at the time. Behind me. Using the excuse of looking for a knife.EDIBLES 41 Dangerous Pastry A DELICIOUS TIME BOMB Eating Cannabis is still one of the best ways of consuming nature’s gift. This was a chapter out of William Burroughs and I was not enjoying it. ‘it didn’t seem like much. a moment later he really passed out. a miss-match way back in the heady days of the ‘80s. he handed over a coffee machine and said goodbye. especially if it’s your first time. The bearer. My seventy-four-yearold grandmother even attended. I discovered my wife’s uncle had found the cake and was passing it out to little old ladies. A friend offered to bake a wedding cake. At first it was going to be a normal fruit cake covered in icing. To add to the weirdness. it can be a pleasant and enlightening experience. or the worst. it’s tasty and only as dangerous as the sugar that goes with it. one of my more lecherous musician friends had turned up dressed as a priest and many of the older guests thought he was legit. the director of the bank dropped by to pay his respects. In less than a year he would become Minister of Finance and eventually go on to oversee the introduction of the Euro. I was beginning to realize just how strong it was. I’d just suggested a pinch or two in the mix to mellow things out. so we put it all in. hav- THE COLOMBIAN AMBASSADOR HAD MOVED INTO THE BACK ROOM AND WAS HOLDING AUDIENCE OVER AN ANDEAN-SIZED PILE OF COCAINE. Playing with them on the floor were my wife’s teenage nieces. The coat (once found) was handed over smelling of weed. people kept asking for more and my constant refusal seemed weird. but not as much as when I discovered the Colombian Ambassador had moved into the back room and was holding audience over an Andean-sized pile of cocaine. Back in the party.’ Even in my inebriated state. but that was the least of my problems. My grandmother even commented on how nice it was that I had a priest for a friend. When the end finally came it was quick. I have to confess in my younger.
not only because clients expect the correct number of seeds but also because they require them to be selected and packaged with care.royalqueenseeds. in every sense of the word: an automatic Haze that flowers in just nine weeks from bud to harvest! Royal AK Automatic: The well-known AK-47 crossed with a Ruderalis strain to create a genetically stable automatic species.com » www. owner of Royal Queen Seeds.com “THE WAR ON DRUGS HAS FAILED!” 5 “ONE MORE WAY THAT HEMP PLASTIC COULD SAVE OUR LIVES” 17 “HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS” 20 . our seeds are protected from the light and sterilized. Royal Queen Seeds has decided to launch several new species on the market. With the new system. and the selection and packaging processes take place in a sterile environment. Due to the enormous success of their so-called auto-flowering species. explains: ‘Today’s Cannabis consumers know exactly what to pay attention to when purchasing high-quality seeds. Our seeds are hand-chosen before being machine-packed. great attention is given to factors such as humidity in the air and temperature.’ For information: Royal Queen Seeds » info@royalqueenseeds. Northern Light Automatic: The other great classic.42 PRODUCT FLASH Royal Queen Seeds Launches New Automatic Species For the past four years. has been crossed with a Ruderalis strain to create another classic: Northern Light Automatic. Thanks to reasonable prices. The implementation of the Hapamatic machine. Royal Haze Automatic: If you cross a Dutch classic such as Amnesia Haze with a Ruderalis and a type of Skunk. you will obtain a spectacular plant. the high quality of the seeds and active participation in creation and distribution of female seeds and the socalled ‘automatic’ species. is a logical step for Royal Queen Seeds. already used for years in the medical sector for packaging large quantities of medicine. the Royal Queen Seeds company has been an important actor on Europe’s constantly expanding Cannabis seed market. Boy Ramsahai. and good packaging is of fundamental importance. a species that flowers even more rapidly than any grower could dream of! Royal Queen Seeds Now Packages Seeds Automatically Royal Queen Seeds has recently introduced a Hapamatic automated packaging machine for packaging seeds. Royal Queen Seeds has become an extremely prominent company. Northern Light.
By Kaz Peet Other Lives Tamer Animals PLAY IT AGAIN SAM At the crossroads of US 177 and State Highway 51.k.’ Marvin Gaye What’s Going On UNIVERSAL To celebrate the 40th anniversary of Marvin Gaye’s seminal Motown classic What’s Going On. Spanning the spectrum of sonic style. songwriter and producer. yet instantly appealing and alluringly mysterious. is well known for his work with a veritable encyclopedia of artists – both locally and internationally – such as Mya. with nary a saddle nor spur in sight. this debut album recalls the best of Africa 70. then Stephen Bruner’s bass is a mainline to the soul of a man whose DNA was transcribed from the stars onto staff paper. the end result is unmistakably a Thundercat record – a lush and magical document combining classic jazz-fusion. Bruner (a. this masterpiece broke the Motown mold. unexpected chapter of Beauty and the Beast. There’s the ebullient Daylight. THE SET PROVIDES NOT ONLY AN ESSENTIAL PIECE OF MARVIN GAYE HISTORY FOR FANS. UNDERPINNING THE ALBUM’S RICH PALETTE OF SOUNDS IS THE BAND’S NATIVE DUST BOWL AUSTERITY: A STARK. A TAUT BEAUTY SPANGLED WITH CRYSTALLINE HARP AND KEYS. Wayne Coyne of Flaming Lips and Bad Seed Jim Sciavunos among their burgeoning ranks of avid fans. heavy to soft and pretty to ugly. it traverses a mashed-up aural continuum that reaches from dark to light. wobbling basslines and hypnotic soundscapes. Tamer Animals. and a series of recordings (mostly instrumental) made in Detroit before Marvin followed Motown to Los Angeles. as Louis Armstrong once famously said. ‘no strings’ mix of the title track. The group draws upon influences from the African. There’s Walkin. disregarding the rules. The first single off of Tamer Animals. YET COOLLY ELEGANT BEAUTY THAT MIRRORS THE LANDSCAPE SURROUNDING THEM. Natalie Clavier. DC. offers both stone-cold skill and uncanny astrality. futurist electronic strains and timeless musical seeking. stories and grooves remain timeless. THE BASSNECTAR EXPERIENCE ENGULFS THE SENSES. A meditative act of artistic rebellion. including original mono hit singles. Still. His Flying Lotus-produced debut. It is like the next. these eleven tracks enfold listeners in a bounteous panoply of melodies and textures reminiscent of Brian Wilson’s daring Smile period. original Detroit Mix. rejected. Interweaving layer upon layer of intricately winding and pulsing orchestrations. AND NO HESITATION IN FUSING THE FAMILIAR WITH THE STRANGE. Spanning a cosmic stew of players. the original. TIME REALLY ISN’T A THING. OVER ALL. and the band counts Zane Lowe. and exists as an open-sourced musical project that is as diverse as it is dogged. ONE OF THE ALBUM’S MOST STUNNING MOMENTS ARRIVES WITH A SPACIOUS COVER OF GEORGE DUKE’S FOR LOVE I COME. THE FUNK ARK IS YOUR NEW ONE-STOP SHOP FOR BOOTY-SHAKING VINTAGE GROOVES. Delivering healthy doses of the sound. sits Stillwater. includes a fullyremastered version of What’s Going On. but Other Lives’s music invokes everything from Phillip Glass’s dazzling minimalism to Morricone’s dark. LA-based. SHOUT IT FROM THE ROOFTOPS! Thundercat The Golden Age of Apocalypse BRAINFEEDER If indeed ‘you blows who you is’. The group’s keyboardist and main songwriter. his lyrics. This 40th anniversary edition couples the much-adored music with the wonders of modern day mastering. epic sweep. as an uncompromising singer. ‘You go five miles outside Stillwater and it’s just untouched plains. The Funk Ark From the Rooftops ESL MUSIC The Funk Ark is a world funk ensemble based in Washington. to pianist Austin Peralta and his own Grammy-winning brother. his single sequel. He will also be featuring on ESL Instigators – Thievery Corporation’s forthcoming release. is no disappointment. and the result is a gritty and soulful mix of inspired afro-beat and big band funk. For 12 especially exemplifies the latter: its galloping rhythms conjure a feeling of uneasy expansiveness. Produced by the band themselves and mixed by Beck’s longtime drummer Joey Waronker. the music covers every conceivable genre and smashes it all into a synthesis of intense. OR THE CLASSIC WITH THE CUTTING EDGE. The term ‘chamber-pop’ readily springs to mind. Tamer Animals was written and recorded at Other Lives’s own studio over a period of sixteen months. the groundbreaking concept work was recognized as a magnum opus. an upbeat soul strutter powered by Bruner’s digitally-distorted plucks. Jesse Tabish.’ muses Jesse. . BRINGING THIS STRING OF DIVINELY UNEXPECTED MOMENTS TO A MOODY AND CINEMATIC CLOSE IS RETURN TO THE JOURNEY. The Golden Age of Apocalypse. BUT ALSO A UNIQUE AND COMPREHENSIVE INSIGHT INTO ONE OF THE WORLD’S MOST CHERISHED ALBUMS FOR ANY SOUL SISTER OR -BROTHER. is ambitious in scope: densely textured and uncompromisingly sophisticated. New Age synth. as raw as it is meticulous and as fierce as it is imaginary. in the midst of a vast mid-western plain. This latest EP release. improvised numbers like Jamboree and virtuosic bass pileups like Fleer Ultra. But Lotus spurred him on. The Motor City theme of this edition continues on the included 12-inch: the LP’s rare. The package also includes rare and unseen photography from throughout the recording process and the remarkable. unlikely hometown to a remarkable band – Other Lives – and its gifted singer/composer and multi-instrumentalist bandleader. Will Rast.and Latin funk/dance music scenes of the 1960s and ‘70s. several post-album outtakes. picking up where the pair left off on 2010’s Cosmogramma – further distilling the jazz current running through that landmark Lotus release. From the first day of release. As always. The Golden Age of Apocalypse was years in the making even though. Universal present this super deluxe edition. You’re The Man. Federico Aubele. The album introduced Marvin Gaye. which focuses on Marvin’s LP and post-LP Detroit recordings. BUT LISTENERS NEEDN’T WORRY. their second album. Jr. ‘TIME WILL PASS US BY’. drummer Ronald Bruner. BRUNER SINGS. behind What’s Going On. the company’s sexy prince. A longtime contributor to others’ albums. RAMP and Raheem Devaughn. battle like story. Divergent Spectrum. For 12 has already gotten the thumbs up from Radiohead. BY COMBINING SOUND AND FORCE WITH WEIGHT. THERE. Thundercat) is accompanied by an impressive cast ranging from Erykah Badu to members of Sa-Ra and J*DaVeY. INSIDE OF THIS SPACE. a soft whirl of bluesy piano. There are raw. IT IS AS PHYSICAL AS IT IS AUDITORY – A LAWLESS ADVENTURE WITH NO LIMITATIONS. out on August 29th 2011.a. Bruner had never planned on releasing his own music. OK. The set. a timeless aural sublimity of The Great Plains of the Old West. on vinyl for the first time.44 MUSIC REVIEWS Bassnectar Divergent Spectrum AMORPHOUS MUSIC Bassnectar is the brainchild of Lorin Ashton. ‘I think that has affected me subconsciously. to produce an unparalleled insight into Marvin’s showpiece. the JB’s and the Fania Allstars simultaneously. and each song became a journey. snapping beats and warm bass. locations and times.
/Because the revolution will not be televised. The song went on to be covered. as well as being the cowriter (with George David Weiss) of Louis Armstrong’s What a Wonderful World. musician. It was a title that ScottHeron himself always deplored. allied to the overtly political content of his work. He said: ‘You don’t really see inside the person. With mantra-like incessance. The Vulture (1970). Scott-Heron first came to attention with his 1970 recording The Revolution Will Not Be Televised. Pieces Of A Man. his songs that rumble from deep within his soul will continue to incite and inspire generations of young people to take up the struggle from where he left off. in Jackson. songs such as Must Be Something and It’s Your World were moving affirmations of faith in the power of the human spirit. The Nigger Factory (1971). 1949./You will not be able to plug in. His parents separated when he was two. including Whitey’s On The Moon. YET HIS SPIRIT SHALL NEVER FADE! Gil Scott-Heron.OBITUARY 45 Cultivating his interest in music and literature. a keyboard-player. His declamatory singing style. and his political message. described it as ‘a voice like you would have for Shakespeare’. who played on ScottHeron’s second album. He enjoyed further chart success in 1976 with Johannesburg and. Small Talk at 125th and Lenox. in 1978. there was a resurgence of interest in his work when he returned with his first studio album in 16 years. His vocal style. turn on and cop out. In 2010. poet and author whose writings and recordings provided a vivid – and often stinging – commentary on social injustice and the black American experience. . Gil won a scholarship to a private school. before going on to study at Lincoln University in Pennsylvania. the Ethical Culture Fieldston School. where his prowess at football brought him to the attention of talent scouts from Scotland. and a collection of poetry. The followup Pieces of Man brought him together (on record) for the first time with Brian Jackson. played football professionally for Celtic and Third Lanark. and a call to arms to the black community: ‘You will not be able to stay home brother. a compelling attack on the mindless and anesthetizing effects of the mass media. and one that always emphasized lyrical content over technique. who died on May 27th. a librarian and an accomplished singer. A tall. serving jail time for various offenses. would be a major influence on such groups as Public Enemy and NWA. was a composer. made him widely recognized as one of the Kaz Peet most inspirational figures of rap music and beyond.’ Written when Scott-Heron was just 18. Both a genius and a soldier. this time with a full band. while working as a clerk at a dry cleaners. The bass player Ron Carter. On graduation he published a second novel. flautist and Gil Scott-Heron: SOUL BROTHER SADLY PASSES AWAY. The following year he recorded the song for a second time. sampled and referenced in innumerable recordings. I’m New Here. Gilbert Heron. sunshine and tears’. you just get a lot of posturing. and he was sent to live with his maternal grandmother. had recorded such artists as John Coltrane. When Gil was 12 his grandmother died. Scott-Heron sang in a roughly arresting voice that was once described as a mixture of ‘mahogany. Tennessee./ You will not be able to lose yourself on skag and skip./Skip out for beer during commercials. Scott-Heron would credit his grandmother with being one of the primary influences on his life: ‘[She] raised me to not sit around and wait for people to guess what’s on your mind – I was gonna have to say it. a Jamaican who had settled in America. as head of the Impulse label. a thriller about ghetto life. she bought him a second-hand piano from a local funeral parlor and introduced him to the writings of the Harlem Renaissance novelist and poet Langston Hughes. Over the course of 20 albums he produced a series of sardonic and biting commentaries on ghetto life and racial injustice. In his second year at university he was given leave of absence to write a novel. Instead. The Bottle and the anti-apartheid anthem Johannesburg. earning the nickname ‘the Black Arrow’. Bobbie. On the recommendation of his high school English teacher. who brought up her son on her own. Scott-Heron’s music reflected something of the militancy and self-assertiveness of such theorists and polemicists as Malcolm X and Stokely Carmichael. a live recording of one of ScottHeron’s club performances. before returning to Chicago.’ He preferred to call himself ‘a blues-ologist’. but was to fall victim to drug abuse more than two decades later. rail-thin man with a wispy goatee beard and a countenance of prophetic gravity. about campus unrest. who became a major influence. with the anti-drug song Angel Dust. it first appeared in the form of a spokenword recitation on his debut album Small Talk at 125th and Lenox. It was there that he met Gil’s mother. He was soon approached by the jazz producer Bob Thiele who. Gil Scott-Heron was born in Chicago on April 1st. and he moved to New York to be reunited with his mother. Lillie Scott. for his seminal album Pieces of a Man. Home Is Where The Hatred Is. Sonny Rollins and Dizzy Gillespie. Thiele released Small Talk at 125th and Lenox.’ composer who would become his main collaborator on nine albums. But anger was not the only color in Scott-Heron’s music palette. in the early ‘50s Gilbert Sr. He was named after his father. Gil ScottHeron’s legacy will survive his death. and would lead to his being described as ‘the godfather of rap’. aged 62.
But I was in San Francisco. Gay. and it was one of the biggest parades of its kind. It looked like a lot of fun.magazinedistribution. polite and a smorgasbord for people-watching. Kali Mist. Some politicians.N.nl Distribution by: P. Churches marched in the parade. mayors and police chiefs – on a local level – now actively support a ‘compassion club’ distribution system as a way of separating recreational stoners from the people who legitimately need therapeutic help. This year’s theme was ‘In Pride We Trust’. Whether they are finding their way to the local medical distribution point or growing for personal stash. O’Riodon. the sight of naked and semi-naked people appeared to have little adverse effect on the crowd. we can certainly understand how difficult the fight for LGBT rights can be. Thousands of people were in attendance. I thought it was GO-GO DANCING FLOAT a fun show with some underlying serious messages.org Telephone: +1-310-488-1911 A word from the publisher: To the chagrin of the US Federal Government. Colophon Page 1 40 16 2 4 19 25 43 28 48 40 43 8 1 43 1 43 47 43 35 11 1 32 35 Soft Secrets USA is published by Discover Publishers USA. which resulted in a riot. Black leather. Soft Secrets USA #5/2011 out: October 18th. but that didn’t seem like a bad thing.A. state-. and Cannabis activists are engaged in broadening this progression. love and puka shells. I was trying to make my way across it to get to the HT Cannabis Cup. Some townships. and even more non-users than ever. nudity was a common sight – despite not generally being tolerated in public. The costumes ranged from sensual to absurd. In the meantime. The parade itself is a symbol of the success of that tolerance. Kaz Peet. welcoming all to their flocks.com Intellibusiness Management Letgrow. who had not planned on attending (and merely stumbled into the area) seemed far more amused than shocked by anything we saw. Inc Century Park Plaza 1801 Century Park East. Usually presented in a very matter-of-fact. Cover Photo: Grubbycup Comic: oz.Red. as suggestive REPRESENTED ALL TYPES. the motorcycle club ‘Dykes on BIKES’ spearheaded the show. Signs and flags proclaimed support for tolerSMILING PEOPLE IN BRIGHT COSTUMES ance. cars and people on foot paraded in front of an admiring crowd. On the one hand a playful celebration of sexuality.nl Advertisements: Jessica Telephone: +1-661-333 3151 E-mail: jessica@softsecrets. Now we must be patient and see how the debate develops during a period of relative peace between both sides. while go-go dancers of all sorts gyrated for the crowd. 2011 . The annual celebration commemorates riots that took place at a bar in Greenwich Village. non-violent drug offenders (read: pot smokers) as well as the social toll that high numbers of imprisonment brings to some towns and neighborhoods. Sensible Seeds Serious Seeds Strain Genius Sweet Seeds Sweet Seeds Vapors SOME OUTFITS WERE MORE INTERESTING THAN OTHERS. In 1969 police raided a bar named the ‘Stonewall Inn’. Overall. That event and its repercussions are often credited with being a galvanizing force that helped by Grubbycup unite the LGBT movement into organizing.net Mountain High Paradise Seeds Pollinator Company Royal Queen Seeds As oft-marginalized as Cannabis users are. Actor Olympia Dukakis made a personal appearance in a classic car. whether local-. humorous or overly suggestive way. Nothing from this publication may be copied or reproduced in any format without prior permission from the publisher and other copyright holders. New York. Soft Secrets does not advocate breaking any laws. Federal or international. CA 90067 E-mail: usa@softsecrets. Cannabis users are a menace to no one and are causing no discernible social problem. parents are Sonny and Cher) was this year’s celebrity Grand Marshal. Bisexual. simultaneously decreasing the number of unnecessary arrests. these days the festival appeared to be more a demonstration of free speech – and as an excuse for outrageous outfits. et al. the publisher hopes Soft Secrets will expose the positive aspects of the normalization of Cannabis use to the public. I happened upon a parade.nl Editor in chief: Kristie Szalanski Contributors: Grubbycup. Taxpayers are frustrated with funding the incarceration of first-time. The publisher therefore distances himself explicitly from statements or images that might give the impression that an endorsement is being made for the illicit use or production of Cannabis. each vying for attention. I hadn’t originally intended to go to the parade. On the 26th of June 2011. As usual. In spite of its somber inspiration. F. I couldn’t pass up the opportunity. almost half of the states have embarked on a process of relative liberalization towards the use of Cannabis. The editors take no responsibility for unsolicited submissions. and throughout the path of the parade. purple corsets and rainbows galore passed by. which was on the other side of the parade route from where I was. and the other a stark reminder of the intolerance and bigotry that still exists. people stood three-deep or more to watch the festivities.I. Transgender Pride Celebration. Peace. are calling for the outright legalization of marijuana. 24th floor / Suite 2400 Los Angeles. Grubbycup Gay Pride Parade in San Francisco While on my way to the Cannabis Cup. I had to at least stop and take a look.46 MARCHES & DEMOS / INDEX OF ADS / COLOFON Index of ads Name Advanced Seeds All American Healing Group Apothecary 420 Attitude the Attitude the Best Price Evaluations Dinafem Seeds Funky Skunk the Ganja Juice Green Door the Higher Level Hydroasis. Floats. The Sativa Diva. Soft Secrets forums operate under the assumption that the publisher does not necessarily agree with the views and opinions expressed in articles and advertisements therein. Editorial adress: E-mail: kristie@softsecrets. San Francisco held the 41st annual San Francisco Lesbian. Distribution Carlos Garcia Circulation Manager www. Buddy Kush. The publisher is not responsible for the content and/or point of view of advertisements. Chaz Bono (formerly Chastity Bono. Even folks like myself. with a dash of Salvador Dali thrown in for good measure. the crowd seemed very wellbehaved. and is excited to offer a forum to both proand anti-legalization advocates.
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