ISSUE 4 2011
18+ For adults only. Soft Secrets is published six times a year by Discover Publishers USA, Inc.

In this issue:
A report has just been issued by the Global Commission on Drug Policy, condemning the ineffective and often damaging policies implemented in the War on Drugs. What does this mean for our industry, and how can we move forward? ›› 5

A Cease-Fire in the Drug War?
Doesn’t it seem as if overnight, Cannabis has become socially acceptable in America? The Global Commission on Drug Policy has just released a report about the utter failure of the War on Drugs, despite the billions of dollars flushed through it over the years. HR 2306 could present the first-ever modern Federal legislation that would allow peace for the pot industry, since its criminalization in 1937. A mind-blowing documentary called What if Cannabis Cured Cancer is now sweeping the globe, allaying many of the fears regarding medicinal marijuana that plague the medical community – as well as vindicating the thousands of activists and proponents who have been shouting (at seemingly deaf ears) for decades about the merits of our beloved plant. It’s true. Cannabis is not that bad for you. If the product is grown organically and handled carefully, the consumption of the drug – even smoking it, although we cannot deny the dangers of smoking in general – is not physically addictive, and most of the negative consequences of its effects can be directly attributed to the shortcomings of the user. The punitive nature of America’s drug policies has done more harm than good in incarcerating first-time, non-violent individuals who, at worst, should be in drug treatment facilities. In moderation or clinical settings, Cannabis presents a therapeutic substance that treats more ailments than any other single drug in the history of medicine and should not be unjustly demonized. Allowing people to grow weed will not lead to the immediate collapse of human civilization, nor will it plunge our youth into the depths of depravity. We need education, quality control, safe access, protection for care-givers and patients; but mostly, we need to be TAXED so that cash can be put towards the necessary legislation, organizations and social programs. Sorry, drug dealers: we all know that if weed were ever legalized the price would drop. Why panic? It won’t drop that much, and if laws loosen, the groups of

ades about the freedoms lavished upon the smoking masses in this low-lying nation. Well, it’s all potentially about to crash and burn, as the Dutch government wants to issue marijuana membership cards to legal, tax-paying residents only, restricting their purchases to the one coffeeshop nearest to their house. At a maximum limit of three grams. Read on to find out how this might affect your next vacation.... Finally, no Drug War edition would be complete without a mention of Eddy Lepp. Perhaps one of the most famous Green Prisoners in the world, Eddy is

What if Cannabis Cured Cancer?

›› 7

Simon, proprietor of Serious Seeds, explains how the Cannabis seed industry is even more susceptible to piracy than the music world, and what will happen if it’s not prevented. ›› 14

Hemp Kevlar

›› 17

HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS The Devil’s Harvest Seed Company reveal their secrets of Cannabis seed feminization, why they do it and what the future holds for this Amsterdam label. ›› 20

people who secretly like Cannabis, but avoid it due to issues such as the fact that it’s still absurdly classed as Schedule I, will soon join the ranks of your customer lists. Demand will likely increase, and you can finally go legit! This issue of SSUSA presents a few different ramifications of the War on Drugs, including some of the international effects of bad drug stigma, such as the impending ‘Weed Pass’ in the Netherlands. You’ve all heard for dec-

hardly visible in the Cannabis press, despite his famous arrest and incarceration. Due to his contributions to the medical Cannabis community over the years, we felt that he deserved a ‘visit’. It’s ironic that some of the very pioneers who assisted in the liberalization of US pot laws are locked away and cannot enjoy the new freedom themselves. Things are looking up, folks; however, we’ve still got a long way to go towards complete legalization. How are you helping?



Something Missing?
Don’t see your company, product or techniques featured in the pages of SSUSA? Wish your activist organization could get a little free press? Contact us! Are you or is someone you know particularly gifted with a camera? Then why not submit your amateur photos to SSUSA? They could end up on the cover! Subject is of your choosing, and an emphasis on Cannabis is absolutely not necessary. Be as creative and expressive as possible, and you might just see your work on the front page, or within the next issue of Soft Secrets USA. Photographers will be credited for their work. Cannabis photos are rarely used for cover shots. Oh, and let’s keep it classy, people! Not into photography but still have an interesting talent or story? Contact us if you think you deserve a place in our publication. Feel free to let us know about new books, television and film projects; festivals, events and demonstrations, medical advances, green prisoners or even interesting companies who deserve a little support and media coverage. We love hemp, and are always happy to highlight the innovations that make this industry so exciting. We hope to hear from you. * Press concerns and photos (minimum resolution 300dpi @ 4x4 inches) may be emailed to * All submissions will be handled with discretion. Soft Secrets USA is not responsible for unsolicited submissions, either for graphics or text.


Cease-Fire in the Drug War? Page 3 Girl: Warlock The War on Drugs Has Failed! What if Cannabis Cured Cancer? HR 2306 Strain Awards Eddy Lepp Dutch Weed Pass Seed Piracy Hemp Kevlar How to Feminize Cannabis Didymium Glasses Mila’s Journey Rolling Papers Breeding Grubbycup’s Stash Pollinator Company HT Medical Cannabis Cup International Seed Market Thanks, Jacques Kalamata & Panama Red LED Trial: Critical Jack Male Cannabis Dangerous Pastry Royal Queen Seeds Hy’s Deli by oz. A Stoned Selection Gil Scott-Heron Gay Pride San Francisco Colophon 1 3 5 7 9 10 12 13 14 17 20 23 24 26 29 31 31 33 36 37 38 39 41 42 42 44 45 46 46 FROM THE EDITOR STRAIN REPORT LEGAL FILM REVIEW/MEDICINAL LEGAL STRAIN REPORT GREEN PRISONERS AMSTER-RANT

The Warlock was created in the early 1990s by Gerrit, the owner and breeder of Magus Genetics. Due to personal circumstances Gerrit was not able to continue his business and we from Serious Seeds decided to incorporate the strains of Magus Genetics into our program. The Warlock won the 3rd place at the High Times Cannabis Cup in 1997. Short and bushy during the vegetative period, it grows huge, compact buds with few leaves in flowering. Especially indoors the Warlock is a good yielder, with a harvest of 400-500g per square meter. The clear white pistils change to a tan/pinkish color when ripe. Warlock has a sweet smell with a tinge of sour, reminiscent of fresh fruits. The effect is felt very quickly after the toke and is a strong high, which is felt more in the head than in the body. Due to its high THC content, the Warlock has good medical qualities for pain relief and against insomnia. Name: Pedigree: Warlock Mostly indica (Skunk/Afghani x Afghani) Breeder: Gerrit from Magus Genetics Producer: Serious Seeds Height: Short and bushy Weight: Good yielder (400-500g/m2) Flowering Time: 55-60 days



ill health and criminality: the alcohol prohibition that took place in the 1920s. broadly generating an uproar from neighboring nations and international press. Even though Portugal was able to show positive results over the last ten years. taxpayers pay the government to ultimately help the very criminals it claims to fight against. with budgets surpassing $40B a year in America alone. governments continue to invest increasing amounts of funds into a losing battle. waves of propaganda and misinformation were very efficient in convincing the citizens of the risks these drugs brought to the established order and moral values of the new world. sociologists – as well as the criminals involved..5%. Prime Minister of Greece. the death of brain cells and mental disorders: these are some of the many scare tactics used over the decades to convince people of the dangers of drug-use. the Global Commission on Drug Policy published data claiming that rather than dropping. given a bit of thought: to ‘End the criminalization. History has shown this on numerous accounts. neighboring countries were quick to paint gloomy pictures of the country’s future. depression. a part of the United Nations.5 A REPORT FROM THE GLOBAL COMMISSION ON DRUG POLICY The War on Drugs Has Failed! Since the last hundred years. on the first of July. it was also accused of causing depravity in white women who.5%. but for a very few pioneers. the taxpayers. insecurity. Their conclusions are basic and most are obvious. Substances leading to violence. In the first week of June however. Mind you. And yet nothing has really changed since the War on Drugs first started. the Commission has officially recognized the utter failure of the War on Drugs – as well as the devastating consequences it has had on society and its members. to: IS IT THE CANNABIS OR THE PROPAGANDA CAUSING DEPRAVITY? (PHOTO BY KAT) . it also affected white people by encouraging them to abandon their moral values. Most of us with a basic understanding of market and social dynamics have known that it was an approach bound to fail. Cannabis. A couple of countries decided upon new approach- DRUG PROMOTION (PHOTO BY MANTAS RUZVELTAS) es. not criminal offenses. other countries still stubbornly deny that a new approach is needed. cocaine and opiate use have all increased over a ten year period (1998-2008) with a respective increase of 8. If we are to look at relevant historical references. the Global Commission on Drug Policy has recognized the need to re-evaluate the international approach to drug use and production. the international approach to drugs has been one of intolerance. it was surprising to read that the Global Commission on Drug Policy. everyone thought it would be for the best. the government has to use taxation to finance its inefficient war. So. In a publication released in the beginning of June 2011. it is easy to spot the correlation between prohibition. Buddy Kush When the decision was made to start an official war against the use of drugs back in the early 20th century. ANY means possible. Ernesto Zedillo. 27% and 34. increased use. former Chairman of the US Federal Reserve and Economic Recovery Board and Kofi Annan. Paul Volcker. With no regulation whatsoever. by the way – and to be promiscuous with black men. harsh repression and propaganda – as well as a recognized waste of taxpayers’ hard earned cash. Having heard of this decision. would start listening to the Devil’s music – which we now call ‘Jazz’. The Financial Times estimated that the War on Drugs had far-surpassed the trillion-dollar mark.. With no other source of income. The results of prohibition remain the same today as they were then.’ Also. The war on Cannabis is the perfect example. former Secretary General of the United Nations). While drug use and possession are still legally prohibited. 2001. violations of those prohibitions are considered as administrative violations. JUNE 2011 In their new report. Despite this. consumers also have to deal with insecurity in obtaining the drug. high prices and no quality control – which can potentially lead to disastrous health issues. To give a concrete example. hard-drug use. to sum up. former President of Mexico. economists. However. Not only was this drug considered to be responsible for the moral depravity spreading through the US via foreign immigrants. This situation is one of which many are aware: politicians. More exactly. claiming it would see increased drug use amongst youth and become a drug user’s haven. Portugal decriminalized the use of drugs. had published an article recognizing the failure of the War on Drugs and offering a set of principles and recommendations to efficiently tackle the issue. And who pays the price for all this? One simple answer: you and me. marginalization and stigmatization of people who use drugs but who do no harm to others. governments worldwide have so far refused to adjust their approach. Enter the Global Commission on Drug Policy Together with a group of illustrious commissioners (amongst whom were George Papandreou. In 2010. after having consumed the drug. WAR ON DRUGS REPORT. reinforcing the apparent need to combat it by any means possible.

Offer a wide and easily accessible range of options for treatment of drug dependence. Stop considering drug users criminals and offer them health and treatment services to those in need. law enforcement.and construction industries the day hemp is fully legalized – but entire new markets will appear. 10. involving all relevant parties (families. there is no denying that. thereby reducing the harms linked to the underground market. We must act now! A very good first step. Switzerland. they could potentially find themselves without employment. Through open discussion and effective education. It is quite an accurate representation of the control each group has on the market. Base drug policies on solid evidence. decades’ worth of propaganda will have to be addressed before any truly unbiased conclusion can be reached. despite certain shortcomings. security firms. Together with the necessary regulations and quality controls this could create a more secure..globalcommission ondrugs. Challenge misconceptions about drug users. 3. Based on discussion. to invest in drug prevention and drug education. This is why extensive efforts must be made to provide adequate resources for prevention – with a focus on the ‘sensitive’ social groups such as youths – as well as the developing of easy access to treatment for the people suffering from drug dependencies. to keep all these facts in mind and to discuss the issue in its entirety to guarantee as smooth a transition as we can. Spain and Portugal have done – has proven that a less repressive approach leads not only to lower drug use but also to less health issues linked to their consumption. to focus repressive actions on violent criminal organizations[. but also give everyone the information necessary for them to be able to make an educated decision with regards to drug use. 2.. law enforcement etc. society’s leaders) will actively need to take part in order to start rectifying generations’ worth of misinformation. 2. while also eliminating the need for an illegal market in one fell swoop. prevention. shared responsibility. There are a couple of notions that appear to be lacking. taking diverse political. the number of drugs intercepted. The War on Drugs has failed. because of certain countries which. we can not only ensure that the misconceptions are dispersed.e. It is essential to everything we do in life. This dynamic will not change unless the legality of drug use and production in itself is revised.) which truly do need attention. points six and seven). 8. This will create new jobs. There are exceptions though. Judging the success of the War on Drugs by the number of arrests made. adapt it – modify it to suit your needs. BUT ALSO TO LESS HEALTH ISSUES the health sector. Imagine how many people profit from the War on Drugs: the prison industry. small scale dealers come next. Needless to say we’ll be doing our part. Invest more in evidence-based prevention. the conclusions are as follows: The Principles: 1. Countries continuing to invest heavily in law enforcement should focus on Conclusions Isn’t it amusing that these facts – which have been preached by activists for years – are finally being acknowledged now that a group of governmental celebrities is repeating them? Regardless. pharmaceutical companies. socialand political experiments done internationally. is not in any way a measure of success – especially when the consumption of said drug continues to rise. Drug policies must be pursued in a comprehensive way. judge the results and. How will really opened up the debate about our approach to drugs worldwide. check online at: http://www. as well as revenues that the government can then tax to finance rehabilitation centers. trustworthy means of distribution. it is time for the relevant institutions to face the facts. To be Perfected… Stimulating governments to experiment with regulation and decriminalization – as countries such as the Netherlands.’ An ultimate goal is ‘to rethink the approach now in place with regards to people involved in the lower end of the illegal drug markets. forbid research into certain drugs. COMPARISON OF THE CANNABIS MARKETS IN FRANCE AND THE NETHERLANDS The Measure Themselves: In order to tackle this vast task. it can be summarized in a pyramidal structure with the end-user a continually repressive approach to dealers help in curbing consumption? Instead. And indeed. This would thereby limit drug use linked to external influences such DOES THIS MEAN I’LL GET MY CROP BACK? (PHOTO BY KAT) placed at the top. To this end. plus medical-. More than that. social and cultural realities into consideration. STIMULATING GOVERNMENTS TO EXPERIMENT WITH REGULATION AND DECRIMINALIZATION HAS PROVEN THAT A LESS REPRESSIVE APPROACH LEADS NOT ONLY TO LOWER DRUG USE. Base drug policies on human rights and public health principles.) This seems a very commendable set of principles.’ organized crime and traffickers. 11. textile-. The necessary steps towards rectifying the situation will contain big challenges. followed by larger scale dealers and organized crime forming the wide base. In this case. If one looks at the current structure of drug trade/use. 4. drug use in itself and drug dependency. 7. as peer pressure. neglect. the ‘forbidden fruit’ effect. Encourage experimentation with regulation models designed to undermine organized crime and benefit the health and security of end users. What about you? For more information on the report. even today.] but first and foremost to begin the transformation of the “global drug prohibition regime” by replacing current measures with responsible policies and strategies built on facts and not on ideology and political convenience. 4. so long as a curious mind exists. considering the problem rationally (not emotionally) and learning from past mistakes is the key to moving things forward. the drugs market. Until this is done. 6. naturally. You try an approach. with a special focus on youth. all concerned parties (families. the Commission has agreed upon a list of four principles and eleven recommendations they hope can help rectify the situation. etc. petrochemical. Establish better methods to measure the progress. if lacking. however (i. we should discuss the possible creation of licenses allowing the production of these drugs. Not only will economic interests shift – imagine what will happen to the paper-. health specialists. The UN must provide leadership in global drug policy reform. 5. this publication has created waves throughout international press and has . allowing institutions to focus on drug use linked to larger social issues (childhood trauma. living conditions. the control of the drug market and the funds it generates will remain as they are. It is therefore important to be critical. The day our approach to drugs evolves. drug use will never cease.6 ‘encourage experimentation by governments with models of legal regulation. However. educational initiatives and so forth. Pursue an open debate and break through the taboo surrounding drugs. especially [with regards] to Cannabis’ and ‘offer health and treatment services to those in need. create jobs and economic income and reduce health risks (with regard to altered substances). which can easily be applied given the extensive research done internationally by recognized authorities. As many have said before. socio-economic status or. etc. Policies should be a global. The Recommendations: 1. 9. we must also take other social repercussions into account. It is time for us to face the issue head-on and adapt. Develop new sentences for first-time/ small-scale dealers.

smokers. ALL CANNABIS-BASED DRUGS HAD BEEN REMOVED FROM US PHARMACIES. fights diabetes. one cannot argue about the proven role and functions that cannabinoids (endogenous. strongly inhibits tumor growth in leukemia and breast cancer. If you haven’t seen this film.DVD » www.’ It is a known fact that the lack of pain memory is one of the more important evolutionary aspects of our bodies. presenting a quick. THESE FOUR CANNABINOIDS ARE CONSIDERED AMONG THE MOST IMPORTANT OF THE 400+ COMPOUNDS FOUND IN CANNABIS. You read that correctly: human beings produce the endogenous version of the herbal cannabinoids responsible for the myriad effects brought about by the consumption of weed.lenrichmondfilms. or endoSativa Diva cannabinoids. Activists from within the community will rejoice: the merits of medbut extremely in-depth.. CBD: Non-psychoactive. virus-induced leukemia.Stereo . makes ‘high’ come on faster but last less time. you will obtain the peace of mind that comes with certainty: everything we’ve been saying for years about the benefits of Cannabis has been true. If Cannabis (and the drug compounds therein) is so dangerous. ‘We need to have a way to One of the reasons that Cannabis does not physically addict is because of our ECS – our bodies recognize cannabinoids. anxiolytic (anti-anxiety). CBN: Primary product of THC degradation. activists. CANNABIS PHARMACEUTICALS PRESENT A LESS-TOXIC ALTERNATIVE FOR INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE ALREADY ILL. This means that our very most precious and essential systems are being aided in function and control by the ECS. their original intent was to receive the same compounds when produced by the human body. anti-depressant. including the nervous-. Many of its protective and therapeutic effects may be attributed to the ability of these substances to move freely through the ‘brain/blood barrier’. AND WHY WE SHOULD CONTINUE TO DO SO FOR THE SAKE OF THE HUMAN RACE. Due to the oily nature of the cannabinoids (the stuff that spreads all over your fingers when you handle buds) the compounds are easily able to slip between the two parts of the body. known as endogenous cannabinoids.Color . as well as virus-induced leukemia. reproductive. African/Thai strains. then why do we produce nearly atomically-twin substances that our body requires to survive? According to Di Marzo (1998). Even if you already knew much of the information covered in What if Cannabis Cured Cancer. Whether or not the above are true. CBC: Found in extremely low levels. antiinflammatory. the ECS regulates our moods. BY 1942. blends together to present the exact flavor. Not only does smoking moderate amounts of weed NOT cause cancer. forget and protect’. the unique combination of these compounds.and immune systems. doctors. THC has also been medically-proven to slow the growth of breast. Anti-proliferative (inhibits cell growth). agrarian ones. then that’s definitely not true. Written and directed by Len Richmond Narrated by Peter Coyote Edited by Massimo Mazzucco Running Time: 60 minutes . circulatory-. doubters. The documentary begins with a brief education on the ancient relationship between Cannabis and humans. Ever wondered why Cannabis gets you high? It’s no accident. Writer and director Len Richmond has stunned viewers with a masterpiece documenting the bio-chemistry of Cannabis: What if Cannabis Cured Cancer answers questions that viewers perhaps never thought to ask. effect and duration of each of your favorite strains. where they can then destroy cancer cells in a carefully-guided attack. or we. forget. Anthropological conjecture exists over whether Cannabis consumption somehow stimulated early human language skills. It is this action that takes place when certain cannabinoids pass into the brain. Perhaps short-term memory isn’t such a bad thing after all. but cannabinoids actually have a semi-protective effect on the body.or herbal) have in the human body.. anti-epileptic. will burst. Many people like to believe they truly ‘know everything there is to know about Cannabis’.and lung cancer tumors. may act as anti-depressant. or Some important cannabinoid functions: THC: Mimics the body’s own ECS. anyone who has ever had an opinion about Cannabis must watch this film and truly become enlightened. THCV: Mostly in S. encourages cancer cell death. preventative effect against malignant tumors. causing a shift from hunter/gatherer societies to static. Most animals and other organisms also have cannabinoid receptors. in other realms. scientific evidence that will only fail to silence opponents to medical marijuana if they choose to entirely ignore the research. Raphael Mechoulam. malignant tumors and bacterial infections. and this is especially important for brain cancer patients. nutrient transport and metabolism. which protects the brain from infection and other harm. we need our ECS for mechanisms that help us to ‘relax. Anti-angiogenic (prevents fresh blood supply to tumors). anti-inflammatory. THIS DOCUMENTARY WILL BE ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT FILMS YOU EVER WATCH. After millions of years of evolution (beginning with the humble sea squirt) humans have developed a sophisticated system of receptors – one of the densest of its type in the human body – specifically designed to accept the exact chemical compounds produced by the Cannabis plant. the man who discovered THC in 1964.DOCUMENTARY 7 What if Cannabis Cured Cancer? THIS MINDBLOWING FILM EXPLAINS HOW AND WHY WE GET HIGH FROM CANNABIS. If nothing else. shielding healthy cells and inciting the ‘suicide’ of cancer cells. . neuroprotector. providing physical. and storage. smell. affects the impact of THC. has protective. growers. but research diverges here as the functions sometimes differ between species. However. KURT CANNABIS (MALCOLM MCDOWELL) AND CONNIE CANCER (ROSEANNE BARR) LIGHTEN THE MOOD IN A SPECIAL COMEDY SHORT. Cannabinoid impact on cancer: Seeking out cancer cells and preferentially killing them. plus a few others. The endo-cannabinoid system. sedative. sleep. Hard facts replace conjecture. Apoptopic (hastens death of cancer cells). be assured that your education will still have been expanded through the watching of this astonishing film. Naysayers. drink. is responsible for modulating energy intake. and is now scientifically-proven. such as ethno-botany. education into the physical workings of these substances. scientists claim that hemp was the first intentionally cultivated plant. Type II diabetes. Anti-metastatic (stops cancer’s ability to spread). bronchial dilator. eat. Forget what? According to Dr. smoke or vaporize it. fights LEN RICHMOND HAS STUNNED VIEWERS WITH A MASTERPIECE DOCUMENTING THE BIO-CHEMISTRY OF CANNABIS: WHAT IF CANNABIS CURED CANCER ANSWERS QUESTIONS THAT VIEWERS PERHAPS NEVER THOUGHT TO ASK ical Cannabis are explained empirically. anti-psychotic. slows growth of lungand breast cancer. Whether you ingest. In addition.


and thus Ron Paul has lent his name to an otherwise all-Democrat proposition.).). Federal raids on dispensaries would no longer occur as citizens invoking their right to cultivate. there is a RON PAUL HAS LENT HIS NAME TO AN OTHERWISE ALL-DEMOCRAT PROPOSITION and damaging to society. sale and taxation of Cannabis would be wholly regulated by state authorities. Paul is no stranger to controversy. The bill’s authors do however stress that it is ‘not a legalization bill’.’ Frank also authored the State’s Right to Medical Marijuana Act in 2001. sell and smoke marijuana – where it is not prohibited by state law – would no longer be committing a Federal offense.). despite not always agreeing on matters of policy. and it is true that on many issues their views are entirely unaligned. let alone the House. His stance is informed by a long belief in the states’ ability to govern themselves. with trafficking offenses remaining under Federal jurisdiction. FOR TEXAS’S 14TH DISTRICT ground in marijuana campaigning and a consistent pro-hemp voting record. and that nations should begin reviewing current drug policy with a possible view to eventual legalization. and was re-proposed in 2009. It comes at a very relevant time – just after the Global Commission on Drug Policy released statements to the effect that the War on Drugs has so far been a failure. contrary to many of the more sensationalist reports appearing in By Kali Mist the initial days following the announcement. and as a 2012 Presidential hopeful. However. Frustration that people are being wrongly-deprived of medical marijuana due to outdated and restrictive laws is a sentiment strongly echoed in several of Paul’s previous statements. has attracted significant media attention. and was in itself remarkable in that HR 2306 SEEKS TO REMOVE MARIJUANA REGULATION FROM THE JURISDICTION OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND HAND IT BACK TO THE STATE. and de facto leader of the libertarian Tea Party movement. It is to be hoped that Congressmen Paul good chance of this bill getting at least a little floor time. The legislation would limit Federal interference in marijuana law enforcement to cross-border or inter-state smuggling.. Dr.and foreign policies. AS WAS EFFECTIVELY THE CASE PRIOR TO 1937 As a staunch supporter of small government. and in 2008 proposed the Personal Use HOUSE REP. BOTH RON PAUL AND BARNEY FRANK HAVE A STRONG BACKGROUND IN PROHEMP AND MARIJUANA CAMPAIGNING. Barney Frank. but despite (or perhaps due to) his apparent eccentricity he enjoys a wide following. but also the level of his enthusiasm and commitment to the cause. John Conyers (Mich. . However. With levels of public interest remaining high. and is unlikely to pass committee. it is a positive step in the continuing effort to raise awareness in political circles. 2011 the bi-partisan bill. HR 2306. it seems that the link between these two very different politicians is not so tenuous after all.. with its bi-partisan authorship. On June 23rd.). a strong dislike of the ‘nanny state’ – and belief in self-determination and our inherent freedom to decide what to put into our bodies. and four further democrats: Reps. all such publicity is good publicity for the Cannabis cause. Nevertheless. Much has been made of the so-called ‘unlikely’ partnership between Ron Paul and Barney Frank. When it comes to marijuana. Many more moderate Republicans seek to distance themselves from him. having signed the Industrial Hemp Farming Act of 2009 (HR1866 2009-H1866) to ‘grant each state regulating authority for the growing and processing of industrial hemp. only to die again. Steve Cohen (Tenn. This bill was each time co-sponsored and supported by Ron Paul. Production. vote. The bill is being publicized using the decades-old but still effective argument: that prohibition of alcohol had negative effects so severe it was quickly deemed unworkable – and for the same reasons. Such bi-partisan arrangements – while not uncommon – are likely to attract more attention in the media. all cynicism aside. this bill could be deemed a well-timed move to guarantee media coverage and increased support from a wider demographic. He has a proven record over the past few years on pro-marijua- BARNEY FRANK. Ron Paul is known for his na issues.) and Barbara Lee (Calif. So. Democratic House Representative of the 4th District of Massachusetts– the second openly gay member of the House of Representatives – also has a strong backit was the first that sought to remove marijuana legislation from the Federal level – but limited to personal amounts.. showing not only the level to which this elder statesman is informed. the popular liberal. continued prohibition of Cannabis should be acknowledged as pointless outspoken criticism of US monetary. they have teamed up in the past to campaign for reductions in military spending. FOR THE 4TH DISTRICT OF MASSACHUSETTS and Frank continue their liaisons in the future and that Dr. Mass. Barney Frank (D. this is the first that seeks to entirely remove Federal control (at least within state boundaries). While previous proposed bills have sought to limit Federal control or legalize certain aspects of marijuana or hemp. Although the bill is sure to be opposed by many.. Jared Polis (Colo. The expectation is that the excessive levels of criminality involved in the Cannabis industry will decrease with the more favorable legislation and regulations many states have already begun to implement. it would be contradictory to his stance to condone Federal control over most everyday aspects of life. Texas). DEMOCRATIC RON PAUL. and perhaps a few more Congressional Representatives will stop and think for a moment longer when considering HR 2306. Paul would remain so emphatically in favor of pro-marijuana legislation – were his presidential campaign to prove successful.LEGISLATION 9 HR 2306: Ending Federal Marijuana Prohibition Act of 2011 A MAJOR SHIFT IN THE APPROACH TO US MARIJUANA LEGISLATION. of Marijuana by Responsible Adults Act (HR 5843) which initially died in committee. Republican Congressman for Texas’s 14th District. HR 2306. It seeks to remove marijuana regulation from the jurisdiction of the Federal government and hand it back to the state. was proposed to Congress by Ron Paul (R. Presidential candidate. REPUBLICAN HOUSE REP. as was effectively the case prior to 1937. and as such is a milestone in the saga of Cannabis politics. his interest in pro-marijuana legislation apparently extends beyond the hypothetical: Paul has even promoted the cause of industrial hemp in the past. as well as to campaign in favor of online gambling within the US. it’s clear there is yet another subject upon which they agree – and have done for some time.

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such as Oakland.” There are six-and-a-half more years remaining in Eddy’s sentence. but did not mitigate his sentence. to a woman whom he says “is the love of my life. There are eight million people without health insurance in California. versus the overseeing Federal government’s more restrictive stance. California cities. CA until his conviction and sentencing in 2008.12 GREEN PRISONERS POLITICAL PRISONER AND ACTIVIST EDDY LEPP TALKS WITH SOFT SECRETS USA Eddy Lepp Speaks Eddy Lepp owned and operated Eddy’s Medicinal Gardens in Lake County. follow your dreams. Eddy contends that the religious use of Cannabis is nothing new: “It is the main ingredient in the holy anointing oil in the Bible. THROUGH THE CHURCH THE COST WAS ABOUT A DOLLAR A GRAM. She was a healer and was able to help many people.” country means they “are really no worse than the rest of Corporate America. at some point the Federal government should accept the will of the citizens. His garden was operated in compliance with California State law. We were still planting as late as May or June. The illness made eating difficult for his father. visit » www. A Rastafari minister.” The Church made charitable donations to the local poor. write. Eddy’s congregation was comprised of cancer patients. She goes to many events and never tires of telling the world of our FIGHT FOR JUSTICE. indoors allows for increased security and seasonal flexibility. and using natural and organic nutrients. after the loss of his first wife. Grubbycup awaiting appeal. I have kept my word as Jah did for me. “I broke no laws in the state of California.” The Church was “loved and wellreceived. and pressure from citizens to restore that freedom to the citizenry is mounting.” Cannabis without paying black market prices or contributing to the cash flow of underworld smugglers. the legalized extortion of money that the insurance and pharmaceutical companies are allowed to enjoy in this “We started in December with plants going into the ground. love and puka shells. I am never closer to Jah as when I use the Sacred Herb. my partner. The guys I am in here with. and medical care charges more to private citizens than it does to insurance companies. a belief that we could help ourselves and others without help or aid from the government. and offered a way for people to obtain medical islation allowing some local use of marijuana rises. Linda passed away shortly before Eddy was arrested.” When asked about his first wife Linda. I fear for our future as a world power. it is only a matter of time. Judge Marilyn Patel noted the ten-year mandatory minimum was excessive. the will of the majority of the population should determine the direction of government. Arrested in California. discuss making provisions for large scale licensed indoor cultivation. Growing Cannabis “THE WAR ON DRUGS HAS FAILED!” 5 “ONE MORE WAY THAT HEMP PLASTIC COULD SAVE OUR LIVES” 17 “HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS” 20 . my strength. Big business is killing this country. read. “I believe they have already lost the fight but. Grubbycup Linda developed thyroid cancer. Current prescription costs are beyond the financial grasp of many. and again forced Eddy to watch a loved one suffer. He became involved with helping people connect with safe access to medical Cannabis after his father was diagnosed with cancer.’” Rev.. When she developed cancer. If the big business and the banks aren’t brought to heel soon. Most dispensaries charge $15-$25 a gram for medical marijuana. Eddy inhabited the gray area between what states claim to be the rights of its citizens to seek non-pharmaceutical relief. Eddy is housed at Lompoc Federal Prison Camp in California. She was one of the kindest souls I have ever met and just about all who knew her will testify to that. which we proved (in spite of where I am) that we could do. It began with FDR and has resulted in the loss of our greatest asset: the great American farmer. “Either you never met her or you loved her. There is little to do and less to care about. he “made a promise to Jah (God) that in exchange for spiritual strength for his wife. and an appeal is in process. According to Eddy. the re-legalization movement seems to be making progress. Today. “Life in prison is very boring.” Time goes slowly for imprisoned Eddy. As the number of states where democratically-passed leg- MOST DISPENSARIES CHARGE $15-$25 A GRAM FOR MEDICAL MARIJUANA. they are still striking out at everyone in their death throes. my friend. helping.” Sadly. but artificial lighting is much more expensive than using natural sunlight.” To learn more about Eddy’s case and those of other Green Prisoners. She was my ‘Little Bitty Pretty One.” Eddy eventually remarried. “From what I understand they are all indoors and that makes them cost prohibitive.” Irrigated by a drip system with overhead misters. In a democracy. ‘Eddy’s Medicinal Gardens and MultiDenominational Chapel of Cannabis and Rastafari’ was a dream. especially the closer relationships you will have with the ‘most high’ as you understand it. Eddy advises to get the most out of Cannabis: “Go slow and enjoy the benefits. I [play] Bocci. “At his memorial his doctor told me I added several months to his life by having him smoke marijuana. highlighting the problems related to using only traditional cancer treatments. She was special. Even while Eddy is serving out his sentence for similar activities. and sadly as a nation. If you try and work hard enough they will all come TRUE. he would devote the rest of [his] life to helping people and telling them about the Sacred Plant. Eddy explains.. I am most definitely a political many of them are wonderful people and we would all be better off with many of them home with their families.Green-Aid. and smoking marijuana helped. but in conflict with Federal law. Peace. 25 acres of land were held by the Church for use by the congregation.” Cannabis has been illegal in California for less than 100 years. In March they were still being planted. as a rattlesnake with a broken back. Through the Church the cost was about a dollar a gram. If you believe in something. AIDS patients and other medical users seeking to grow their own medicinal Cannabis – and Rastafarian sacrament.

as I write this. SHOULD YOU VISIT AMSTERDAM AND WANT TO BUY SOME WEED. The city of Amsterdam is against the plan and a number of other cities in Holland have also expressed doubts. Importers and non-licensed growers would still be prosecuted. Yes. . why can’t Holland? So. This is a moment for some clear-headed thinking and an admission that recreational wants to push the price to over thirty dollars a gram and then tax it. friendly city. so why don’t politicians get it? It makes me wonder if there isn’t some ulterior motive. they will just have to buy off the street. they would prefer a more liberal approach. RESIDENT TAX-PAYERS WILL BE ELIGIBLE FOR THE DUTCH GEDOOGKABINET (TOLERANCE CABINET) THE NEW CARD – EFFECTIVELY PRIVATE MEMBERSHIP. off limits to you and all other visitors to Holland. negatively impact a job application or a custody hearing. In their war on the growers. After that. They even know when you buy and how much because payment must be done with a bank card – no more cash. tourists will potentially only be able to access the passes from their hotel reception or doormen. ours will be run by the justice department and they will want everybody’s name and number. a tradition as Dutch as tulips and cheese. This is a mistake of Himalayan proportions and experts have told them so. Fortunately there are number of groups challenging the law on the grounds of discrimination (which is against a current EEC law). When the Minister of Justice was asked about the increase in street dealing that would follow such a move. the move will expand an already huge black market. they want to turn our coffeeshops into private clubs. his reply was simply. it is the police who serve the warrant and make the arrest. after all the ID checks. So much for free choice. This is the same justice department that carries out more telephone taps than any other country in the world. champagne corks are already popping. Whereas the US system is run by medical practitioners. PLEASE DON’T COME AGAIN Well. etc. an unelected coalition of tight-assed racists and poker-faced deniers. who until now have been the bad guys with their relentless persecution of the Cannabis user. THEN YOU’RE OUT OF LUCK… UNLESS YOU HAVE A ‘WIETPAS’ (WEED PASS) coffeeshops. but then private enterprise takes over. you have finally been issued with a weed pass and you need a smoke. with a few changes. but a hundred mature plants can get you a 10K fine and the chance of a life-changing experience.’ They’ve just cut the police force. Then the highly-taxed product would be sold in local tobacconists. As a result of all the busts. visited by millions of people and (according to the statistics) a quarter of them will safely visit a coffeeshop. address and social security number. also. if France can come up with something positive. because the card is not valid anywhere else. but we Cannabis use poses no threat whatsoever to society. prices have been rising steadily. To close THIS TINY CARD COULD INCITE A HUGE UPROAR. but not so harshly. folks. or. Weed may be ‘legal’ in the do. They have decided they don’t want your dollars any more and the next time you visit Europe they’d prefer if you went elsewhere to smoke your dope. should you come to visit the fair city of Amsterdam and want to buy some weed. they realized it was an opportunity to do the same in Holland. This is sending us back to the ‘80s. private companies now deal with a large part of the busts. This government. bringing in enough revenue to kick-start the economy. Unfortunately you can only get one of these if you’re a legal. but the government in The Hague is not listening. What if this information falls into the wrong hands? It could have far-reaching effects: denial of auto insurance. They wished Cannabis didn’t exist. has put forth a proposal to bring Cannabis under the same law that governs tobacco. When medical marijuana became big news in the States. ‘the police will deal with it. the Dutch government is busy banging another nail into the coffin of Cannabis tourism. The public know this. This could be a law within six months. He suggests the government should set aside a hundred thousand acres and start major cultivation. but it doesn’t stop there. when we had lots of bad drugs and violence on the streets. Well. you’ll have buy from your nearest coffeeshop.and personal details. Today. This is dangerous territory and infringes upon our human rights. In order to get a pass you have to register your name. In a brain-churning stroke of ostrich politics. Meanwhile in the criminal world. (PHOTO: MARCEL VAN HOORN) them to visitors is not only stupid. has been wrestling with the ‘Cannabis problem’ since they first got together in their grubby little pact. because they will have everybody’s bank. the pass is only valid in the coffeeshop nearest to where you live.. an ex-cabinet minister. tax paying resident. but the government will not listen. Sure. if you’re lucky you might find something good and buy the maximum allowance – three whole grams! ONLY LEGAL. probably involving money. then you’re out of luck… unless you have a ‘wietby O’Riodon pas’ (weed pass). Amsterdam is a clean. Quality will go down and there is the added opportunity to get involved in a violent street crime. It is believed the government All this is happening in a time when the French. The new weed pass will fit very well into their plan. and tourists were ripped off all the time. despite all the advice to the contrary. There have been rumors of a rather cynical plan that would explain the continuing onslaught on the growers. Now. A Monsieur Valiant. are suddenly looking at it in a favorable light. but the Minister of Justice is just pig-headed enough to try and push it through. then fight about it with the European Parliament later. along with all the weirdos who smoke it.AMSTERRANT 13 Dutch Weed Pass: THANK YOU. but discriminatory and a denial of people’s rights. whether it’s good or bad.

It’s very widespread. selling the seeds as if they are real. they can call and check ‘is this a good one or not?’ It’s all to protect the end customer. But we have done it since Day One. it’s not just Chanel. Are there independent websites where growers can discuss among themselves which seeds or sellers are legit. whose award-winning household names. So I called the shop. So pirates have been there from the start – because it’s lucrative. especially those who are not in the position of being able to browse real-life shops for their growing needs. and I’m not here to advise other companies. I don’t know exactly how other companies deal with complaints. And that is interesting enough for pirates to want to copy. and it filters back to me. He’s been operating for a couple of years. it may sound like a trivial thing. it seems. And with virtually no chance of them being caught. which websites are not to be trusted? I have seen such sites. especially the Spanish companies. The idea usually is just to sell them and wash your hands [of it]. such as Bubblegum and AK-47. So 80 Euros (ca. His first line of argument was that he had to deal with possible complaints. Nobody else is doing it. talked to the owner. I was a grower back then. So would you like to see or would you advise other companies to be as careful as Serious in documenting and labeling their varieties? Copying what you’re doing? You can see that the main interest of establishing companies is still making money. SSUSA spoke to Simon. old-school seed breeder extraordinaire and owner of Serious Seeds. The days of popping over to Amsterdam or asking a friend to send or bring some back are over. We are also the only company that guarantees our seeds – to protect the customer. I started to sell the seed tubes and now almost everybody is doing it.14 INTERVIEW Pirates of the High Seeds The Internet has been a huge boon for growers around the world. We guarantee this. We have a list of legit sites. are among the worst hit by this scurrilous activity. When did you first become aware of this problem with piracy? Before I had started my own business. you’re making money while giving us a bad name. and now he was selling his own seeds as if they were Serious. but I don’t think it is. said ‘hey man. Prada and branded cigarettes that are being faked and pirated. but I don’t visit forums a lot so can’t say where for sure. takes the whole back cover of the High Times for an advertisement. Its sort of ‘upper-middle class’. cyber-squatters and pirates. They can make lawsuits and all the rest. They pay for all those people who parasitize on them. People know that. is a haven for fly-by-night merchants. According to him he wasn’t doing anything wrong. and from the type of the complaint it was clear that these were not Serious Seeds they were getting. The ‘Net. but not the full labeling. So you can see that they take over good ideas. He had been selling our seeds for a while. If they’re lucky they get bogus seeds. If they buy seeds and they have a bad experience – even if they fucked up themselves – we give them new seeds. and only if they’re really lucky do they get the real thing. so we go very far with our customer service. ‘No. Serious Seeds has a shop list of legitimate shops on its website which sell the real thing. sometimes not selling anything at all. The names and intellectual property of well-known quality weed strains are being increasingly ripped off too – but without the protection in law granted to legitimate businesses. the Cannabis seed business is a victim of the ease with which ideas can be ripped off and copied. I’m getting complaints here and they’re not getting Serious Seeds from you. How much are pirates typically making on ripped off seeds? How much cheaper are generic seeds compared to branded AK-47 seeds from you? AK-47 is not the most expensive seed but it is certainly not a cheap one either. It is a lot of hassle to do it: checking numbers. especially when you are operating internationally. fielding complaints. they come to buy our WHITE RUSSIAN IS ONE OF THE MANY LEGENDARY STRAINS CREATED BY SERIOUS SEEDS . It has happened already that companies copy the packaging too. but not totally. when you had Skunk and Northern Lights already and in Amsterdam there were shops with seeds with those names way cheaper than the original. basically. But at some point we got a couple of complaints very close to each other from their customers. Very little. He used to buy Serious Seeds from us. Today. and blah blah blah. The packaging was sort of mine. They build pirate websites. you’re obviously selling seeds as if they were Serious’ – and he didn’t even bother to deny it. But as with the rest of the ‘Net. Serious Seeds is the only company as far as I know who individually number each seed package. Growers are basically victims. Basically: ‘What do you care? If they have complaints I have to face them. yep. let’s say. I also get emails regularly from people ‘I bought these AK seeds from this shop – are they real?’ Sometimes they are and sometimes they’re not. $115) for 11 seeds. and we By Jules Marshall operate in a world that is not really protected like regular companies are. It’s a widespread thing. Lots of people are trying to parasitize on the popularity of certain names. OSB – a shop from Canada. although I can’t remember where I saw them. it’s written about in forums and so on. and we keep a database of that. So the fact that nobody does it is already pointing in that direction.’ I said. If you’re buying seeds off the Internet by name. We want them to have a good experience with our seeds. People can ask whether shops not on the list are real or not. but in our business we are far more limited. lots of times you will find what you get is not what you anticipated. This is only because of this problem. Simon: Yes. People ‘buy’ something by credit card and never get anything. I’ll give you an example of one case – Ontario Seed Bank. right to the last detail. There are also Black Lists too. Soft Secrets: You were talking about ripping off the names of weed strains.

they are not in the business and know no better. and are registered in Canada. That is also difficult: people who did not lift a finger to make seeds themselves – they have no clue how much time it takes. Like that it is clear that they were derived from AK-47. I found out a couple of months ago that nowadays… this business started with small seed companies. they agreed to stop using my names. So what should growers do to safeguard their choice of seeds? Another thing you see is… Paradise Seeds contacted me – no I contacted them. Olé 47. Chronic – popular names. selling them under their own name. Yes. I mean. Armageddon 47 and Jack 47. Several coffeeshops in Amsterdam are starting to sell seeds under their own name. GROWERS ARE BASICALLY VICTIMS. Sensi Seeds and so on.’ Finally they understood my point. that he shouldn’t be confused with names that are the same or similar and he’s not getting what he wanted. where you treat the marihuana industry like any other branch of the agricultural industry. but with the Internet it’s almost impossible. I guess one answer is to do something like they’re starting to set up in America. White Label seeds and others but there are still a lot of companies selling AK-47 at some point. you don’t want to moan about it all the time. ultimately.’ He thought it was perfectly fine to do that. a Jack 47. So now there are coffeeshops or grow shops and bars or whatever. They sell seeds of course. goes to the shop and asks for AK-47. so I think we have a responsibility to warn them. they don’t know enough about erate action against Serious Seeds. then the chances of success are greater. let alone internationally. and you also find out what the packaging looks like. They are offered seeds under these names and they buy them and sell them. which is fine. There have been cases and law suits about names already. If something just reminds you of AK-47. look at the website of the company to see if it is a legit shop. he’s doing it with other companies too. right next to my entry is an AK-48. with complete documentation from seed to consumer. What you also see is people start a website and start selling seeds. when he smokes alone or with friends some AK-47. this is seldom copied. Especially when all you can have printed is the name and flowering time. You have to look at all these things to boost your chance of success. Nirvana promised they’d change the name. seeds. and after three months shut the whole business down and start a new thing. If those two are matched. Also. It’s all about money. So a customer has to not just look at the name but also look at the company who is producing it. Luckily I found out right away.15 decides: that’s what I want. Or so I hope. After my intervention they changed the name to something referring to or close to AK-47. I guess when the seeds business was mostly confined to Amsterdam or Holland. they just start selling seeds with somebody else’s name. But it’s very hard to find out who’s behind it. to make them realize that this is going on. AK-47 is probably the most copied name in the business. A company in Amsterdam – Spliff – just started selling Bubblegum. to name only a few. Unlike the name of the seeds. But what is the difference to this and if Mr. this issue. You have to stop immediately. There is. Kaya 47. They all seem like equals in the booklet but I see them as copies and in my opinion. don’t just go by the name. Oké 47. and since it was not a delibAs a variant. then it’s OK by me. not really living up to the original. My names are protected in Benelux. . because they pay the price. but it is also good for the end customer. All copies of the original AK-47. Their website is called paradiseseeds. So there you have So just pinching your names and sticking them on their own seeds? Yep. because they think it’s funny. and it’s not permitted to mention all the awards the strain has won. That is my main concern. Before they buy their seeds. AK-47 as if it’s completely normal. but you have to pay a lot of money for such protection. But when you see them all printed together it looks like they are all in the same league. I went along with the name changes by Nirvana. Nirvana started selling AK-47 until I spotted this at a Cannabis Cup a few years ago and said ‘What the AK-47 IS PROBABLY THE MOST COPIED NAME IN THE BUSINESS fuck is this? You’re using my name. There are seeds called OK-57. but in European courts they have a hard time not to burst out laughing. But my concern is that the customer. and at some point Wow. So you have to be on the lookout even here in Amsterdam. and they did: to AK-48! The best thing is to check which company has made the seeds. and the rogue site is attracting attention away from the original site. there’s a lot to say about this subject. variations on names is common throughout the industry. you could put out inquires. nl. They look very similar but are not. and is still doing it. a couple of years ago. AK-74. The coffeeshops that are buying them. Now it is all about big companies in Spain growing massive amounts of seeds and selling to everyone. and someone else started a site called paradiseseeds. but there is no danger of confusion with the original. so they don’t appreciate the problem. To take part under those conditions is just degrading to the original and to my company. From customers I know. theirs are legal and ours is not. it’s back to the old Caveat Emptor – buyer beware. That’s how weird it can get. nonpoisonous product. They’re even harder to track down. It means when I pay for an ad in a booklet or guide or whatever. while they are selling really dangerous drugs – except. THEY PAY FOR ALL THOSE PEOPLE WHO PARASITIZE ON THEM. Like I said. maybe find out what was going on through your personal networks and had a bit more control. All we can do is try to protect our interests and name as best we can. not your copies. It’s happening in Holland. they’re all bought from a big producer – and guess what? They started selling seeds which are originally Serious names: Bubblegum. Heineken was there or a cigarette company? I tell you what the difference is: we’re dealing with a very relaxed. that’s one way.


advances in hemp plastic have meant that a wide selection of products is now available. and further research was undertaken immediately. walk on them. as the multinationals have been demonstrating for years. the propensity for ‘aromatic stacking interactions’ gives the fiber incredible strength and consistency: this UNPROCESSED STATE (©CJP24) A DIAGRAM OF THE MOLECULAR STRUCTURE OF KEVLAR. and it is much easier to slap a patent on a synthetic product than one based on plants growing abundantly in nature. supplies inconsistent and public awareness minimal. With time. There are now several grades of Kevlar on offer in the form of various papers. ultra-strong Kevlar fiber can be woven to produce textiles. or poly(p-phenyleneterephtalamide). cylindrical shape – somewhat like a stack of coins. KEVLAR HAS MANY USES – AS SEEN HERE WITH THESE FIRE-STICK WICKS. Their characteristics depend on the resin used. all of which show remarkable resistance to tearing and cutting as well as to fire and heavy impacts. The more publicity that we can bring to these innovative hemp researchers. (© HENRY HEATLY) DUE TO ITS FIRE-PROOF NATURE. eco-friendly ethics are becoming the safest choice for companies wishing to maintain their profit margins. Aramids are the class of highstrength. There’s no escaping them in modern life – we wear them. SHOWING THE INTERLINKED POLYMER RINGS (© BEN MILLS EPHEMERONIUM) “With plastic waste choking the oceans. These have a number of uses extending beyond the original use in car tires. in the form of Kevlar and other similar technologies. and with consumer awareness at an all-time high. the fiber used to provide strength and durability.” Over the last decade or so. fly in them. Some of them are capable of withstanding intense and proKevlar. light material (to be used as a substitute for steel in racing tires) that researchers found that in a solution of concentrated sulfuric acid. this produces a fiber. we must find sustainable and environmentally acceptable alternatives soon. that does not break in the way that nylon and other synthetic fibers do – due to strong. are usually created in the laboratory in the form of synthetic polymers – nylon. they can be molded and remolded into shapes that will be retained when cooled) or thermosetting. as well as heat-containing linings for aircraft. But there is only so much the planet can stand – and with plastic waste choking the oceans. and dangerous to work with in an industrial setting. cables. drive in them. Due to their versatile nature.HEMPTECH 17 by Kali Mist Bullet-proof: Plastics are everywhere. In the USA. When spun. synthetic plastics became the standard. mean- KEVLAR HAS A VERY HIGH TENSILE STRENGTH-TO-WEIGHT RATIO. and with every new piece of research a new incentive emerges for others to join in the movement. meaning that it is an excellent insulator and can be used in fire-proof clothing. more and more sectors of industry will become aware of the advantages of hemp plastic. acrylic and carbon fiber are common examples. such as unsaturated polyester. the monomers 1. and are the best-known current application of body. but more importantly. but the impetus needs to increase still further before we see universal uptake of sustainable technologies. which cause them to form ring-like structures. highly heat-resistant synthetic polymers mostly developed for military and aerospace applications. and research into further potential uses is picking up pace in many countries of the world.4-phenylene-diamine and terephthaloyl chloride take on a polymerized liquid crystal form. or layered with resin and thermoset to form composite plastics. Furthermore. we even use them as armor. The new fiber had astonishing potential as a substitute for steel and more.and vehicle armor to cover ropes. severe impacts and exposure to extremely corrosive or harmful chemicals.e. (© PHIDAUEX) . due to a combination of inter-related factors – domestic hemp production remains illegal. Kevlar is generally expensive to produce due to the fact that concentrated sulfuric acid is costly. there is a huge amount of money to be made in plastics. or organic plant-based resins to form a wholly ‘natural’ plastic. there’s no way we can get rid of them any time soon. so while it is possible to import hemp longed heat. but if reheated retain their characteristics and cannot be remolded. trees and soil. it was while attempting to develop a strong. Kevlar is also very stable in extremes of temperature – especially sub-zero levels – and has very low thermal conductivity. and rapidly became seen as indispensable. is a synthetic ‘para-aramid’ polyamide fiber developed and patented by DuPont in 1965. However. brake linings and sporting equipment. which was revolutionary in the world of polymer research at that time. not all possibilities are being as explored as they should. when not sourced from organic materials (such as hemp or flax). upon repeated heating. trees and soil. These fibers. MAKING IT IDEAL FOR USES SUCH AS THIS SAILCLOTH. Even the biggest global businesses are beginning to recognize the potential for bio-plastics. Without a return to a vastly simpler existence. The resulting ultra-thin. materials and products. we must find sustainable and environmentally acceptable alternatives soon. The latter type of plastics is formed at high temperatures. yarns and fibers. Plastics formed in this way can be thermoplastic (i. Even though the very first plastics were of organic origin. But the small number of innovative organizations out there that are investing heavily into hemp research is slowly growing. where a reinforcing fiber (in this case. is the tendency for said polymer rings to respond to molecular forces during processing and grow in an even. A further disadvantage is its low resistance to sunlight and tendency to degrade under UV light. para-aramids have the best strength-to-weight ratio of them all. the more we at SSUSA feel we are doing something to assist their efforts. One More Way That Hemp Plastic Could Save Our Lives THE KEVLAR FIBER IN ITS However. around five times stronger than steel. weblike inter-molecular bonds between the polymer chains. prices remain high. The most significant developments have arguably been in the field of composite plastics. the ‘bast’ fibers of the hemp plant) is mixed with a resin.

The fact that the industry is worth so much money is in itself significant in that there is almost unlimited funding available from the top multinationals for research and development. STRENGTH-TO-WEIGHT RATIO AND IS AN IDEAL SUBSTITUTE FOR KEVLAR IN MANY APPLICATIONS. hemp can do just as well. even those based upon traditional plastics. fashion and jewelery. such products are neither well-known nor widely-available.and carbonreinforced composites (which are currently used in pretty much everything you or I own). Car companies such as Honda. in brake pads. Hemp is abundant.18 HEMP HOODLAMB’S BULLET-PROOF MEN’S JACKET (© GABE MCINTYRE) ing that additional protective measures are often needed. prices remain high. This discreet item has a fairly low protection rating due to the thin layer of polymer textile over the standard shell of the jacket. Chrysler and Mercedes are all using hemp plastic as we speak. as well as body armor and even powerboat hulls.” resistance and tensile strength ten times that of steel. often ‘disposable’. Since their discovery in the 19th century. and in this manner can be used to make lightweight. are mostly non-biodegradable. The fire-resistant nature of many hemp fibers and fiber composites also makes them particularly strong potential candidates for substitution of Kevlar when used for manufacture of protective clothing for firemen – and other fire-proof items such as fireeaters sticks. a reasonable level of protection against handguns for an urban or police application. (© JI-ELLE) used in US research into Kevlar alternatives. Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology are even investigating the potential to create electricity-generating clothing by interweaving zinc oxide nanowires between the Kevlar fibers. But it seems that everything Kevlar can do. and are filling up landfills and the ocean everywhere one looks with harmful detritus that will never decompose. such as those from projectiles. and it would be expected that costs will continue to fall as the industry continues to pick up pace. fast-growing and (usually) cheap. Costs of such discreet bullet-proof clothing. Although the company behind Crailar. the potential for hemp in such a massive sector of industry simply cannot be ignored. which increases its softness and suppleness. The question now is. and high durability (as well as an almost silk-like texture when woven into textiles). Crailar. In the automobile industry in general (but especially in Europe where there is a long tradition of hemp cultivation. These jackets still represent a significant advance in hemp fiber research – and demonstrate major potential for the future. which produces a toxic dust. ironically. discreet items of clothing that are not apparently armored that demonstrates remarkable tensile strength. as well as comparing to or out-performing silk in many aspects. Kevlar is used here. than current industry standard materials – and not just Kevlar but also glass. a . The silk of a particular Black Widow spider is even being fired from a Glock 9mm. as well as manufacture of weaponry and defensive items. the raw hemp fibers can also be treated in various ways to alter the characteristics of the finished fiber. and due to the thermo-regulating properties of hemp. The fiber can also be used as a basis for composite plastics. the more necessary it seems to make them the norm – and fast! While most lovers of Cannabis have no desire to see the plant used for military or law-enforcement purposes. vehicles. packaging. seeking alternatives to these current standards is imperative. It is produced by washing the hemp fiber in a ‘patented enzymatic bath’. silk itself was used in some of the earliest bullet-proof vests. such as those made from Kevlar. tested with shots different areas of industry: construction. so is obviously more suitable for an urban setting than for high-risk police work or warfare. Interestingly. so as a sustainable option it is clearly favorable. it’s only right that we actually give them a reason for hating.22 and a . The Kevlar fiber can also be woven into textiles. and thus are useful in manufacture of lightweight materials that can be used as automobile paneling (also for armored vehicles). In at least one of its uses. and maybe better. IF NOT BETTER. These textiles are used in a wide variety of protective or industrial clothing due to their fire and chemical-resistant properties. There are countless different applications. Therefore.357 Magnum. However. who offer a level II-A bulletproof men’s jacket. and the closer we look at natural composites. much research has gone into the field of thermosetting composites. very good strength-to-weight ratio. and are likely channeling further capital into R & D. Many of these everyday plastics have a truly terrible environmental track record – they require lengthy. supplies inconsistent and public awareness minimal. The Amsterdam company HempWorks has an in-house clothing label. At least one treated hempfiber product is already available. and in many cases stronger. While remarkably strong in itself. as it appears to be even stronger and lighter. these spiders are rare. However. Hemp Hoodlamb. and hemp fiber technology still has a little catching up to do. HEMP FIBER HAS A COMPARABLE. hemp plastics offer a cheaper and more sustainable option. who will be the next industry giant to take up the challenge of making hemp economically viable? Certain stalwarts of the plastics industry would do well to pay attention to the growing hype around hemp. Hempreinforced plastics can have an impact but are capable of protecting against otherwise highly dangerous impacts. is not actively researching bullet-proof clothing themselves. Lower-cost alternatives for Kevlar are constantly being sought. sports equipment. While clothing based upon hemp is still expensive. it is competitive. the silk vests tested so far have reached up to level III-A. Naturally Advanced Technologies. “While it is possible to import hemp materials and products. can easily run into the hundreds or thousands of dollars. It would be most fitting if a hemp-based plastic could knock DuPont’s product off the top spot. Hemp composites have been shown to be equally strong. hazardous and often costly production processes. However. the fiber demonstrates many of the necessary characteristics. and silk farming in general is often less than eco-friendly. and is also being trialled in modern Thailand as a low-cost alternative to standard bulletproof clothing for police. as a more benign alternative to asbestos. and it is clear there is much still to be done before hemp products replace Kevlar and other environmentally-damaging plastics. replacing Kevlar with hemp composite plastic would reduce the cost by a factor of around fifteen. Given the rabid hostility demonstrated by DuPont towards the innocent hemp plant since the 1930s. in innumerable . is useful in extremes of temperature. more relaxed laws and a much cheaper and more consistent supply) hemp plastic and fiber products are increasingly known and used.



Five to six days afterward (depending on the strain and the quickness of flower) we spray it again with about three-and-a-half to four liters of distilled water mixed with STS formula. . WHEN POLLEN IS RELEASED. then we spray them again – typically over six plants. On that three-week period. We treat it as though we were flowering the weed. And even when we do test we still don’t know. in another two weeks – so that would be five weeks of the hermaphrodite plants flowering – they release pollen.21 In issue #3 of SSUSA. “From that point we take female clones that have already been pre-vegged. the benefit is not having to keep a collection of mothers and clones – and constant storage. to see if any will turn. Until they come up with a new invention we won’t use anything else. HEALTHY. and the new female plants that have just started their pre-flower accept that pollen and. “We’re using an organic mix. as a basic grow setup) with light leaks. new flavors every few months. So how do the DHSC combat hermaphroditism? “By selection of good clones that originally have been around here so long – long before feminized seeds – and they were grown from original genetics. and we take them from a vegetative state into the flowering cycle. So what makes a seed company decide to take the leap into the feminized realm? For the DHSC. “As soon as we make seeds. it’s more about safety than anything. It just isn’t 100% safe for us. thus. We provide them to certain growers to test. It’s complicated. “We remove the STS-sprayed plants after seven weeks of flowering. eleven liter pots. garbage out. VIABLE SEEDS. So we’re trying to provide the market with what the demand is. but it isn’t recommended for us to do it because of the large volume we have. Some argue that they’re the best thing to happen to both small growers and those with huge plots of land to cover. Then. we give them a 15-minute break period. lights. we don’t want to have leaks and we don’t trust taps and stoppers and all that. it works. Also. We don’t do it for flavor. we allow the hormones to trigger. But you realize when growing with feminized that they don’t help you to develop your skills. and it’s all about timing. and from talking to many people who make feminized seeds. for indoor growers. we spray them while they’re in their dark period with a heavy dose of STS formula. a soil and worm casting mix with good nutrients. but we provide it with some guanos and some of these basic. boring flavor for the next 12 months. we’ll use about four liters of distilled water (with STS formula mixed in). and we’ll use up to six liters of a mixed STS formula. the DHSC explain how they utilize the STS method (Silver Thiosulfate) to produce feminized Cannabis genetics.” Genetics are not the only concern: the quality of a person’s grow room helps to insure either success or failure. That. as seed producers. depending on the efforts of the grower. CAREFUL SELECTION OF TRULY FEMALE CLONES WILL HELP TO GUARANTEE SUCCESS IN THE SEED-MAKING PROCESS. simple as that. rather than the same. we introduced you to the Devil’s Harvest Seed Company. If any do. Because copper is a required micronutrient. because we want to provide good seeds. They were generous enough to share their company secrets and explain how they got started. In this issue. with our feminized technique. When you put them in storage for long periods you can put them in the fridge. Why feminized? Feminized strains are a hot topic of debate in the Cannabis industry. seven days from that point. solid shell on your seed. In computer terms: garbage in. five milliliters to every one liter of distilled water. For this reason the DHSC attempts to produce their seeds carefully and in good conditions. the best medium. the plants have fully-induced into flower. we keep them at room temperature and when you get them it’s up to you to wake up the seeds. the STS method seems to be the most successful one in the industry. WELL-GROWN PLANTS WILL PRODUCE STRONG. out of all the thousands of seeds. Basically.” The process “We select between four and six plants. and then we begin to see the onset of hermaphrodites starting to occur. providing everything that’s good for it: all of the best nutrients we can. And on that. “We’re not saying it’s 100% until we test. and we grow typically between 12 and 20 plants in six. make feminized seeds. Amsterdam is known for having a really good source of tap water. dry. and to recreate something new every three months. to give you a harder. Fifteen minute break. it appears to be the favorite. Giving it everything we can. We use grow tents. When the release of pollen occurs. When we trigger them under 12 hours of light. “We also know from experience that it’s better to store them at room temperature in a cool. so I know why people who are just starting need feminized seeds: lack of space. we give them all the stresses to cause an onset of hermaphroditism. we believe that if you want to store your seeds in the refrigerator for long-term. It’s kept refrigerated. organic composts to allow it to naturally grow. and the onset of flowering will begin. HERMIES ARE REMOVED TO ALLOW THE FEMALES SPACE TO FINISH FLOWERING. When they’re sprayed. LEDs just don’t work: this is seed production. such as gender expression. relatively new faces on the Amsterdam seed scene. once we spray. “The third reason: just because it was a new thing that everyone thought would “Then.” STS is a compound often found in photography labs. we spray them a third time with a very heavy dosage. we lose our entire batch of seeds. “Some of the genetics that we have aren’t suited to be feminized because they PRE-VEGGED FEMALE CLONES ARE INTRODUCED TO THE HERMAPHRODITE/SPRAYED PLANTS. for three to five years if in an air-tight container. so we know 100% that they aren’t selected clones from a feminized plant (these are real mother plants with no [hermaphrodite] traits existent in them already). the DHSC found that. others fear that they may be creating ‘zombie weed’ due to their unnatural origin. inhibiting it causes ‘ethylene signaling’. however. It seems to be the most reliable. LATER. So. why they do it and how their genetics are received Sativa Diva around the world. It’s about giving you really good seeds that will last long-term in storage. and they test them for us straight away. We use 600w HPS “One 600w HPS is used over each meter. depending on what we’re doing and how big the plants are. it was the seemingly overnight demand for and rampant popularity of these ‘all-female’ seeds. that we won’t cause hermaphrodites. “Our seeds are stored at room temperature for preservation. dark place. and we take them into the room and introduce them to the hermaphrodite/sprayed plants. and we allow the female plants to finish their flowering period with plenty of breathing room. The water in Amsterdam is really good anyway – I think if you look up tap waters around the world. too. if any one of them will produce a hermaphrodite. which will repress certain traits. it just allows you to grow something once. THE PRE-FLOWERING FEMALES ARE IMPREGNATED. which is fucking hard. that’s your choice as a customer. For us. they don’t have to maintain a library. the silver in which ‘locks out’ the copper in plants. we dry them out and we grow them in the pre-flower. but we don’t do that because if we refrigerate them and there’s a power outage. but it works. then they’ve got traits in there that we don’t like to find. Hermaphrodites Mixed-gender plants can ruin entire grow rooms. we use what works.” While checking out a variety of feminization techniques. they grow them out and each grower will give us feedback. that’s how we do it. “I started with feminized in my early days of growing. We don’t use RO water because we don’t stay in these places too long. if you want to do refrigerated storage that’s your decision. Outdoor growers get the benefit of maximized space. One half of the company explains: solve all their problems. with spraying them and leaving them out exposed to 24 hours of light while they should be in flower. we stress them (in one room. This will also affect the quality of seeds.” The testing process is mandatory for any seed producer wishing to survive in this industry. was not the only reason. So we hope from that. “through trial and error. and then we spray them again with the same dosage. MAKING FEMINIZED SEEDS.

but that doesn’t mean that everyone in the industry is being so careful. We hope that the hermaphrodites are a very minimal problem. it’s the only way we can bring it to seed. the exposure doesn’t end there. however be in the seeds any more.” Health concerns Hermaphrodites are one issue.” USUALLY. But that can change very fast. who ended up with Veteran’s Disease. The more of a challenge it becomes. SUCH AS THIS SUPER SILVER HAZE. If the spray gets on your hands. but other people doing it. but they’re not four weeks of drying. more so than the European market. but it’s because of the popularity of the On Being A Dutch Seed Co. what does the future hold for DHSC? “A million dollars [big stoner laugh. we haven’t tested them in outdoor regions enough to know the results of where they are best suited. If we had a legal way of doing it. “It won’t.” for us to do it here. the Canadian growing style is very similar to ours over here. THEY GROW THEM OUT AND EACH GROWER WILL GIVE US FEEDBACK. and we’re trying to bring it to them. but due to legal reasons we cannot directly sell there at present. There’s no parentage left for it to breed any more. but I think it all comes back to Amsterdam. What happens to the sprayed buds? Don’t many people secretly sell them off or smoke them any- risk at this stage. especially with all the genetic experimentation going on these days. they hope to change this soon. The ingestion of silver through smoking. “We need to go backwards to go forwards. I think it’s too dangerous to give to people because we have sprayed it with silver. so we wear breathing masks and rubber gloves. because that stuff. The lads suggest keeping an eye out for their Shoreline. But it’s the production process that’s a dangerous step – there are dangers that just aren’t good for your health. plus a full coverall suit. he tells me to just print ‘$$$$$$$$’] Retirement! To keep developing and looking for new strains and to outsource strains in different countries. when the troops inhale it. They are really good lookingseeds. and they’re keeping the genetics alive much more than we are over here. or. Being an Amsterdam seed company helps to set us apart: ‘they’ are there. Part of the key to their success is keeping an eye on the international market and understanding the differing needs of growers around the world. ciated with the production of feminized seeds should be more worrying. AND THEY’RE KEEPING THE GENETICS ALIVE MUCH MORE THAN WE ARE OVER HERE are doing it just to make money and just spraying every plant. this is where it started and this is where it ends. it can bleach your skin. They do more groundwork.22 do have hermaphrodite traits. MALES AND HERMIES ARE PLANTS THAT “WE PROVIDE [OUR SEEDS] TO CERTAIN GROWERS TO TEST. “We’re crossing it with everything we have right now. However. After that we get to know the strains and how difficult they can be. “When we find something that is ‘our’ flavor – and our flavor is our flavor. number one is the flavor.” ONE WOULD AVOID HAVING IN ONE’S GROW ROOM. I don’t think it’s good for anyone. AND THEY TEST THEM FOR US STRAIGHT AWAY. they were coming up with all these sicknesses. That’s a really good thing. and when you breathe it in. They can do things there that we can’t over here. as well as potentially contaminating your growing/flowering space. The demand goes both ways. “The DHSC is going fully-feminized this year. “It is definitely not good for our health. In the future we aim to make [our seeds] available to North Americans as much as they’re making their strains available to us.” Although they’re a relatively new company. It’s not legal THE NORTH AMERICANS ARE STILL INTO THE OLD WAY OF DOING IT. We’re also trying to get genetics from over there and bring them to people over here. We’re currently researching into old-school genetics and old strains. That defines us: we’re restricted in such a way that some of America has more freedom than we do right now. The DHSC warns: “It’s definitely dangerous to your own health. we’re so new that we haven’t even found the region that is most popular for outdoor growing with our seeds.and feminized versions is no accident. You have to know what you’re doing. we still provide as well as we possibly can. We’re trying to do this as correctly and safely as possible. it’s the same as in rocket launchers.” Currently. But we love doing what we do and that’s why we keep doing it. The two explain that “the American market is still open to regular [non-feminized] seeds. Otherwise. The DHSC have proven that they can adapt to the ever-changing demands of the Cannabis industry. We are looking into older generations. so we have to make S1s to keep the original genetic alive.” Photos by DHSC » www. ‘cause it’s an original genetic. once they’ve dried out. “At the » devilsharvestinfo@gmail.” It’s this kind of open market that will help to ensure that certain.. A question that frequently arises when debating the matter is whether people or the plants themselves are harmed as a result. You have to remember that these are serious chemicals – you must be a licensed company to buy these chemicals. beloved strains don’t become extinct. potentially causing the loss of the rent payment for months to come. The silver that’s exposed. we’d be able to do it even better. but we’re also going to make crosses of it to preserve the genetic. they’re more legal in Canada than they are in the US. rather than going for the hype of the new ones that are available now. “We’re aiming towards America and Canada. even though we’re restricted with our resources here in Amsterdam. the seeds should be safe. despite knowing it’s a contaminated product? Not the DHSC: “I don’t use that stuff afterward. However.” .” When choosing strains for feminization. it’s not and it’s in fact frowned upon – very hard for us to do. It’s not for amateurs and it’s definitely not to be left around for kids to play with. The North Americans are still into the old way of weed goes in the world. The older. we do take precautions against things like that. However. so we’re trying to bring every available clone that is popular in Amsterdam. It’s all about safety. A willingness to pursue new customers in new regions also helps to keep growers interested. they’re using those seeds to sell and telling you that they’re feminized. and we are here. and goggles. We need to keep it going. it leaves rusty-colored spots on your skin that can stay there for a couple of days. No matter where So. And again..thedevilsharvestseeds. It’s mainly based for indoor growing. You’re at no The company’s tendency to produce heavy-hitting. but the DHSC varieties are definitely recognizable around town. It doesn’t really matter to us about the yield or how it’s grown. the DHSC enjoys a primarily European customer-base. “Canadians kind of learned their old school growing from the Dutch. We have our genetics that North Americans crave for over there. THE DHSC ARE FEMINIZING ALL OF THEIR FAVORITE CLONES FROM THE SMOKE INDUSTRY IN A ‘PREGNANT’ FEMALE FLOWER AMSTERDAM. the health concerns asso- way.. it would only end for us. so the Army have records of people breathing this stuff in (the silver thiosulfate).” That’s probably sound advice regarding much of the things one would find in a grow room. That’s what gets our interest going. Even though you may think it’s legal in the Netherlands. and the more interesting it can be. This is the guys standing next to the rocket launchers all day. But we’re also working on making S1 seeds with it. and release it with the feminized label. is something with a really good flavor. the major difference between some American growers and us in Europe is that they’re doing it legally and we’re doing it illegally. the better. it’s very difficult for us to resource everything.” After two. as the two remind us. interesting varieties in regular. it doesn’t mean it’s everyone’s flavor – we go with it. Typically. the DHSC have one simple criterion: they select what they like to smoke. So. the more fun it is. So. “At the moment.

as long as you are not staring directly at them – your blink reflex will limit your exposure as you work around them. or LEDs. These lights are known as High Intensity Discharge DIDYMIUM GLASSES HIGH PRESSURE SODIUM THROUGH DIDYMIUM GLASSES . At one time they were only available as such. visible and infrared spectra. make sure you TURN THEM OFF when working around them. A mix of three or four 3000K for a nice red spectrum to one 6500K will provide a modest yet wonderful harvest of medicinal delight. at the foothills of the Himalaya range. This eye-wear allows you to see the true color of your plants and spot nutrient issues several days before they would be obvious to naked eyes. Some people compare exposure to snow blindness. the sodium flare produced by these lights is similar to the ones that glass blowers make working with borosilicate. and there is eye-wear that eliminates those orange spectra. An eight-hour exposure would be equivalent to a minute under the mid-day sun. These red spectra are what plants utilize for flowering. Much of the green light is not absorbed by plants. They have purplish-pink lenses and start at around thirty dollars. so be careful with how close these lights are to your plants. MH is traditionally used for vegetation. and keep the lights within a few inches during their lifetime. some growers feel that even though flowering under them does not produce the quantity. These lights were banned in the US in 2008 and will be in 2015 by the EU. These tubes have a phosphor coating that emits visible light as electricity excites the mercury vapor contained inside. 23 Mercury vapor (MV) is last type of highpressure light used in growing. If you decide to use mercury vapor lights for supplemental lighting. or. were developed a generation ago by Aura Lens and are distributed by great glass suppliers like ABR Imagery. young or old. the amount is trivial. As these lights become more specialized the spectra available will increase. LEDs will be as well. The second lighting groups are Low Intensity Discharge. The reason some growers would choose a potentially dangerous light has to do with the historical origins of Cannabis in the Parvati Valley. The third group creates light by an electric arc in short tubes filled with various gasses and mineral salts. Three years ago I would have said. imbedded in a plastic housing. Didymium Glasses LIFE THROUGH ROSECOLORED LENSES Growing indoors requires various types of lights. Fluorescent bulbs can also be used for flowering as long as you do not grow the plants over two feet tall by completion. now there are some crossover bulbs having more of each other’s spectra. two are most commonly used in growing: metal halide (MH) and high-pressure sodium (HPS). Just as fluorescent bulbs are now available with increased UV-B radiation. with a lumen output that is small – compared to the wattage they consume. Plants in a vegetative cycle thrive under a blue spectrum. commonly known as fluorescent. Some people believe that – with their power consumption up to half that of an HID and a much lower heat signature – not only do they compare. at this point. UV lenses are available from clear to Limo. There are four major modern lighting groups.ADVANCED INDOOR GROWING The lighting you choose depends on your purpose. if you spend a brief or extended time under the lights. Most LED lights are classed as ‘one’ or ‘two’ under the laser safety guide for maximum permissible exposure. The only reasonable application for these lights would be using green ones for allowing you to work in a flowering room during its dark cycle. This blue spectrum. They produce light from tiny semiconductor chips. giving off a light similar to sunshine. HPS lights can produce large and delicious flowers. Now I would say: make sure your purchase is from a reputable company. HIGH PRESSURE SODIUM LIGHT WASHES OUT COLORS. and there have been several studies showing that THC levels in particular strains increased in direct correlation to UV-B light. While these lights do produce ultraviolet radiation. this few day heads-up could save your crop. because they give off cancer causing UV-B rays. full-spectrum lights help eliminate these concerns. special clothing and eye protection ought to be worn around them. at the very least. but it can be uncomfortable and makes it impossible to see colors accurately. The bright. If we live long enough. Whether you are a professional. Vegetate using full spectrum 6500K bulbs for the blue spectrum. All of these lights give off some serious heat energy. protecting your eyes is important. more than any other. These lights will either need to be turned off. comparable to fluorescents and are on their way to challenge HID supremacy. most of us will develop cataracts. Just like the sun. While these bulbs have faithfully lit our nights for over a hundred years. called ‘didymium’. in most. Fortunately. The light at this altitude contains a larger amount of UV-B rays. save your money. LEDs are. This THC production in the plants may be acting as a photo-protector (like melanin does in humans) dissipating the harmful rays. This basically means they are pretty safe. Of this HID group. the quality is greatly improved. The first to be developed was the incandescent bulb. Get some polarized lenses to reduce glare or a pair of rose-colored didymium glasses to see the true color of your plants as they flower in the warm light. they have never been practical for flowering. so wear sunglasses with UV protection whenever you are working around them. There is no reason to speed up the process. so that you can see your future grow. but growing vegetatively under them will cause serious eight millimeters in circumference. These glasses. yellow-orange light is not damaging to the eyes unless you look right at it. they also give off a good amount of ultra-violet (UV) radiation.Red pose a health hazard to unprotected eyes. The intensity of your lights/ lumens they produce also play a large factor in the penetration of your leaf canopy and density of the buds you produce. novice. Fluorescent bulbs are much more efficient than incandescent ones and are an excellent choice for growing. as not all LED panels are equal. Too much of the red spectrum during this early growth phase can cause internodal stretching. Even for supplemental lighting they are marginal at best. This changes how colors appear – and can even F. Take care of yourself. lamps. The fourth and final of the lighting groups is the Light Emitting Diodes. In a hydroponic system or in soil. promotes chlorophyll production. which become electrified into plasma. but they are better for small space and stealth room applications. so they appear that color. and are usually from three. wait till the technology advances. The greater health concern is exposure for long periods under cool white fluorescents. Luckily. These lights have a profound physiological and psychological effect from wavelength energy penetrating the skin and acting at the molecular level. LEDs can produce light across the ultraviolet. Wear the proper eye protection. These different lights give off a diverse spectrum of visible and non-visible electromagnetic radiation. there is no worry of interrupting photo-periodic response.

it is one that also has changed. trekking from Manali all the way to Leh. in an attempt to reconnect with her 1970s guide. in an homage to the familial-type bond that was forged between them during their three-month mountain trek. Viewers are lucky to steal a personal glimpse into someone’s sacred. In fact. Indicating how much change has occurred since then (for the worse). spiritual journey through such amazing lands. Mila opened her own ‘tea house’. the decision to relocate was not difficult: “People were actively looking for other ways of living than how our parents did it. “Everything was controlled in the West. she’s been helping us all to make super-clean. she encounters trash-filled rivers (once sacred). covering over 1500km (932 miles). Nor is it the amazing shots of indigenous people. alone or with friends and family. as she needed a break from the Dutch Police. I think. naive to their own uniqueness. When you begin watching Mila’s Journey. which is debated as the first-ever ‘coffeeshop’ in Amsterdam. I was very lucky. at the time. Kink 22. the Dutch police caught on and began raiding the spot weekly. as well as having a peek into the history of a part of the world responsible for some of the most amazing hashish ever. So the footage was cleaned and digitized. frosted with snow. actual stories of the place. After running an extremely successful tailored clothing boutique. satellite dishes and MTV. their captivating footage presents a time capsule. showing a part of the world formerly untouched by Western influence – a sparkling gem of nature and spirituality. re-connecting with the past is all the more Anecdote Films Running Time: One hour Format: DVD Annie Perkins. One of the most poignant moments is her return to a mountaintop oasis. acceptance and loss. love. It’s not simply the rolling green hills or craggy mountaintops. MILA IS A FAMOUS FEMALE AT THE TOP OF THE CANNABIS INDUSTRY – WHAT SOME CALL “A MAN’S WORLD”.24 FILM REVIEW Mila points out a virtue of travel: “You can create a situation where there’s space for yourself.. quite a small country.. RECENTLY CLEANED AND DIGITIZED. One bad breakup was all it took – Mila’s half of the 8mm film reel was not to be reunited with that of her ex-husband until three decades later – the documentation of their pilgrimage through one of the world’s most spiritual landscapes. It was the unfortunate event of Hans falling ill with cancer that brought the two back together: Mila realized that the film had remained without audience for over thirty years – including the filmmakers themselves. but Mila and Hans pressed on. due to being some of the first Westerners to pass through this rough terrain. I didn’t like that. something magical starts to happen. the phenomenon of ‘dropping out’ held less of the negative stigma that it does today. All of this against a stunning backdrop of re-discovered film. Finally. and the whole of nature was out there – totally – untouched by man. about to embark.” The ability to travel was indeed lucky for her. Mila’s Journey TAKE A TRIP WITH THE HASH QUEEN OF AMSTERDAM Mila Jansen. Weeks of walking and high altitude had taken their toll. The desire to experience India first-hand overwhelmed the wish to stay (and put up with the cops). The possibilities were limitless. “But we never sold anything there. the Pollinator Company and Hemp Hotel. and is now the subject of a moving documentary in which you can pick your way carefully along the same path to her beloved India.” This was an era in which the Dutch authorities were suddenly insisting that residents It is difficult to watch Mila’s Journey without being compelled to travel to India. For this reason. I was as insignificant as a speck of RE-CONNECTING WITH THE LOCAL MONKS – SOME RECEIVED PHOTOS OF LIVING FOR MONTHS IN ROUGH CONDITIONS CREATED A FAMILIAL BOND BETWEEN MILA AND TASHI. and sometimes even encouraged to do so. which allow each of us to find something of ourselves in the story. She and Hans were lucky to obtain much of their footage. with Henk Koster (where she also acted in the film De Verloedering van de Swieps [The Whipping Cream Hero].milasjourney. that compel you to keep watching. the film also represents a different time. proprietor of the Hemp Hotel and Pollinator Company in Amsterdam. deporting foreigners across the Belgian border. which ultimately led Mila back Sativa Diva home to Amsterdam. It was 1968. (PHOTO: CHRISTINA JANSEN) . Now you can see for yourself the experiences that helped to lead Mila to the top of the Cannabis industry.anecdote-films. in one short generation.” Besides that. as it reminded them of the not-so-distant WWII. That freedom was what drew Mila back to the spiritual center of Hinduism.. family. exploration. with my arms as wide as I could stretch. after learning about it through devouring philosophy texts in her publisher aunt’s French home. It is perhaps these universal themes: freedom. her voyage is an amazing experience to behold and it’s difficult not to get as excited about the trip as if you were. determined to capture the majesty and nature of the Himalayas and its people. You could go. “I’ve stood at several points. Rinku Kalsy and Christina Jansen » www. and unfortunately no longer exists. within the past five years the same measures were re-introduced in the Netherlands – and were met with little or no protest. where they encountered a visit from the Dalai Lama. so she decided to pack everything up and leave the country. which has drawn millions of pilgrims since that time. interesting and different world out there. it was back to Manali via Zanskar. Upon her return to this verdant land. It is really a special feeling to be back here again. one that has been lost in the shuffle of modern progress. do or think. quick to share a beaming smile with the camera. It would be a combination of this police harassment – as well as stories of “India live” that were recounted by the latest traveler to patronize her tea house – that would impel her to seek a life of less restriction. Mila’s Journey covers multiple visits to India and shows just a glimpse of that ethereal world. “we just shared!” After a few years of blissful tea-sharing.” she recalls. spirituality. You know about her products. He had heard about her place (and the fact that hitchhikers could sleep upstairs) while traveling – in Afghanistan! For the first time ever. and thus the time capsule has been cracked open. the proceeds of this documentary’s sales are earmarked for the education of his grandchildren. high-grade hashish. Especially in the Netherlands. THEMSELVES FROM THE ‘70S AS SOUVENIRS. and they were about to hitchhike to India. Tashi – a young Tibetan whom they had met in the Manali Bazaar. young people were excited about exploring the vast. Tired and suffering from the elevation. She recalls that. Mila could juxtapose her book-learned education on Hinduism with carry ID at all times. In the ‘60s and ‘70s. The pair were on foot. It was 1976 and they were on a threemonth voyage. Freedom meant that anyone could go anywhere and do anything they wanted. THE ORIGINAL TREK WAS DOCUMENTED BY HANS SWART ON 8MM FILM. then from Leh to Lamayuru. has been long-considered one of the pioneers of the Cannabis movement in Europe. 1967). a move that incensed Dutch citizens.” » www. The magical place has succumbed to the temptations of the Western world. Since 1994.. yourself. For Mila. Whether you know Mila or not.


They had been conceived of over a century prior to this. lip. Pure Hemp papers are marketed as ultra-thin and additivefree. In this article SSUSA takes a closer look at the papers themselves. the ash it produces should be very small in quantity and a uniform light gray color.and larynx cancer). flax and other grassy fibers is far preferable – at least in environmental terms. clean.26 Rolling Papers IT’S NOT JUST WHAT’S INSIDE THAT COUNTS Although the most common way to ingest Cannabis in the USA is through the use of a bong or pipe. rough incarnations first appeared. The more expert will ‘back-roll’: the paper is turned inside-out so that the gum is on the outside facing the roller. which is thought to be harmful if smoked. Competitors began to appear in the 1800s. It is possible to source additive-free papers. Generally. chemicals may be added to the papers during the production process in order to make the paper lighter. Made from very sheer rice paper. It would seem that the bulk of any lung damage incurred through smoking joints is the fault of combustion of weed and sometimes tobacco at high temperatures. but as it’s from the ubiquitous rolling paper giant we may see a rapid takeover here). the joint smoker. Beyond the choice of base material. Ultra-thin. Thicker papers not only make a fasterburning joint with a harsher taste. Some varieties advertise use of pure Acacia gum. But which choice should you. aerated – the list goes on and on. make when selecting your preferred paper? Most papers are made from hemp. To this end. Bleaches such as chlorine or calcium carbonate and may contain additives that increase strength while maintaining low weight. the thinner the better. as are Hempire and Raw Organic Hemp papers – also claimed to be vegan! Unbleached rice papers are huge in their own right – the two main brands are Raw (who make rice papers as well as the hemp variety) and Smoking Brown (a newer introduction. but for true aficionados and those who wish to be extra careful there are non-gummed papers available. hemp papers are often thicker than rice papers and others. When the joint is rolled the unmoistened gum then becomes tucked under a single layer of paper. Bambu and many other wellknown brands was convicted in 2006 of substituting such materials for the usual hemp and linen in an effort to cut costs. thin rice paper with little or no added chemicals should burn smoothly and consistently. so it is not difficult to avoid as long as one is selective. transparent. although some are made from Esparto grass and wood pulp (which may contribute to lung-. such as S. we should always try to minimize the severity of the risk we undertake when we use Cannabis. Colored. in terms of taste. present a safer choice. but have been reported to cause greater oral and lung irritation. Dark ash suggests that the paper may contain contaminants. The thinnest papers are made from rice. with the rise of global Cannabis culture. The Spanish manufacturer of Smoking. If a paper is burned as a test. and in 1894 the company Zig-Zag had the brainwave of interleaving the papers (in a ‘zig-zag’ fashion). so this rule does not always hold true. Production of hemp. and also score poorly in terms of trace chemicals that may pose a risk to human health. the range of papers available is staggering. That said. so it is to be hoped that they and other companies are now offering more considered products. and it is wellworth investing a few hours (and a few ruined papers!) to master the intricacies. The first cigarette papers were produced in 1660 by the French company Lacroix (later to become Rizla+). so for this reason we should be considerate of the papers we use. finer and stronger. which may be blended with other natural papers such as sugar and flax. It wasn’t until 1977 that king-size papers began to be marketed (again by Rizla+). and the excess can then be torn off along the gum line (see photo). and as their supporters are usually among the more health-savvy. Chlorine is highly toxic but calcium carbonate releases only CO2 when combusted and may. a good. many hemp papers now produced match their competitors in terms of thickness. translucent papers have been around for a while and seem to have gained a majority in the market. may also contain potassium nitrate to aid even burning – this substance is linked to acute oral irritation and respiratory tract damage. This method ensures that the absolute minimum paper is used. Gummed papers came along in 1942 – another innovation by Rizla+. The gum THE SELECTION OF ROLLING PAPERS AVAILABLE IS ASTOUNDING. Others will tear off the gummed strip itself. and therefore to be selective about choice of paper is pointless. There has been much evolution since the original thick. However.D. or to make them longer-burning. and many will tear off excess paper prior to rolling. Thin papers burn more slowly – another plus for most smokers. and not all are created equally. therefore. Rolling papers are an integral part of every joint. flavored. Wood pulp papers are the worst environmentally. IT IS SURPRISING HOW MUCH A SLIGHT DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PAPERS WILL AFFECT THE FINISHED JOINT (chalk) may also be used. when it comes to papers. especially blunt wraps and colored varieties. Many papers. but were still quite bulky by today’s standards. as the Acacia gum (gum arabic) that is commonly used as an adhesive contains glycerin. but production was not to seriously take off until 1796. as well as lung cancer. it is surprising how much a slight difference between papers will affect the finished joint. in order to experience the flavor of the Cannabis in as unadulterated a manner as possible. The idea when rolling a good joint is to always use as little paper as necessary. Their ‘fine’ weight papers appeared in 1799. Modiano’s elegant range of regular and 1½-sized papers. they are often made to be chlorine-free and unbleached. However. seasoned joint rollers have developed techniques to minimize paper usage. they require some HOW TO MAKE A EUROPEAN-STYLE ‘BACK-ROLLED’ JOINT . Furthermore. Nowadays. when Napoleon began to order in bulk for his overseas troops. although many are bleached must be moistened through this outer layer of paper. and such papers can safely be avoided as there are many others out there that pass the test. flax or rice. burn by Kali Mist rate and immediate effect on the throat and chest. a large and growing number of pot users smoke joints or blunts as a primary or supplementary consumption method. There are many products on the market that are advertized as containing no chlorine.

and many outlets have stopped selling flavored blunts and may soon follow by stopping sale of unflavored wraps too. Fans point to the burn test as demonstrating their superior properties. are very popular indeed. either. is a pulmonary irritant that may be extremely harmful to health and has been implicated as a factor in the development of MS (as it may cause damage to myelin nerve sheaths). and all the associated risks remain. The link between teenage smoking and blunt wraps is so pernicious that several states have this year instigated motions to ban their sale – although in January 2011. They are sold as being 100% cellulose and better for health than traditional papers. however. There is very little information available that gives insight into what other additives are used in flavored papers and what the effect may be when smoked. The FDA in 2009 banned clove cigarettes and other flavored cigarettes and papers (except chemical processing to release its pure cellulose. and they are not difficult to obtain wherever you reside. unbleached hemp or rice papers yields impressive A WIDE SELECTION OF DYED PAPERS IS AVAILABLE. also known as propenol. A simple online search for additive-free. Many of the flavorings are artificial food additives that are not intended for smoking purposes. and despite maintaining a presence in head shops nationwide. for many young stoners it is the method of choice. but this seemed to diminish before long as the novelty wore off. so the trend is unlikely to die out completely. unbleached hemp and rice papers offered by many companies today seems to present the safest choice for pot smokers. manufacturers of such papers seem to be very reluctant to disclose these important details. produces acrolein. UNBLEACHED HEMP AND RICE PAPERS OFFERED BY MANY COMPANIES TODAY SEEMS TO PRESENT THE SAFEST CHOICE menthol. Rizla+ introduced menthol and strawberry flavors in 1906. However. ostensibly in a drive to reduce teen smoking. the clearer the message sent to manufacturers: that we are conscious of what we put into our bodies. but also with a nod to certain perceived inherent health hazards. slower burn with little tendency to ‘canoe’ or burn irregularly. as even some gummed papers have similar properties. but very rewarding. the rumors have contributed to some decline in popularity. Although glycerin is also present in the gummed strip of ordinary papers. FLAVORED ROLLING PAPERS AND BLUNT WRAPS WERE RECENTLY BANNED BY THE FDA. it is thought to be in too small of an amount to pose a risk. Blunt wraps. Transparent cellophane papers have sparked some controversy since their introduction a few years ago (although a transparent paper was apparently produced as early as the 1970s. it stands to reason that we don’t want it in our papers. and the taste. Cloves release eugenol. and sensation of smoking ‘plastic’ is unpleasant (although this could be more attributable to hardto-shake preconceptions as they have a mildly sweet taste without the acridity one would expect from plastic). The wide variety of natural. THE WIDE VARIETY OF NATURAL. As none of us want chemicals in our pot. smell. Colored papers also are increasingly viewed as a pointless and perhaps harmful complication. At first their use increased rapidly. the likes of which would have been unseen ten years ago. but many question this. They are based on wood pulp (from eucalyptus trees) which relies upon heavy A JOINT MADE WITH A TRANSPARENT EUCALYPTUS CELLOPHANE ‘PAPER’ and some users have mentioned irritation of the throat after use. and nowadays the range is very wide. as they are reported to contain around 14% glycerin (to increase the suppleness and smoothness of the cellulose) which. it was brittle and difficult to work with). citing the negative impact on their image from the strong association that blunt wraps have with smoking Cannabis. Rolling blunts also encourages greater weed consumption as more is packed in. which is not only wasteful but unnecessary and potentially harmful. a topical anesthetic that encourages smokers to inhale extra deeply. The more of us that support the trend for natural rolling products. . thereby exposing a greater surface area of the lung to smoke damage. This substance. a cheap cigar can be split and re-rolled with the same result. that it is now possible to find some really great papers out there. BUT MAY CONTAIN HAZARDOUS ADDITIVES. The consenresults. most of these papers in fact detract from the taste of what you are smoking. Glamorized in countless hip-hop songs. Cigar companies back these campaigns.27 sus seems to be that instead of adding to the flavor. Research suggests that levels of acrolein released by smoking with transparent papers is negligible. A SELECTION OF UNBLEACHED. Colored and flavored papers deserve a mention. A US Bureau of Customs and Border Protection ruling from 2008 defined them as drug paraphernalia. with some branding it ‘ridiculous’. on the other hand. Fans cite a cooler. and it is true that they burn very cleanly. as long as you have the ability to order online or a good head shop within traveling distance. their use is not widespread and is more as a novelty. that we wish for greater transparency (pardon the pun) regarding what’s in the papers and that we will reject those that are found to be unhealthy. Others say they go out quickly. while avoiding chemical additives. for some reason). However. UNREFINED HEMP AND RICE ROLLING PAPERS practice to master and can be expensive. Illinois House reps rejected the Senate-approved motion there. Aside from the risks of harmful additives. but they are not alone in claiming this distinction. when combusted. So many advances have been made to decrease the weight of the paper. blunt wraps are wholly or mostly composed of tobacco.


broken off of bricks (or very expensive).) I also decided that if I was going to grow my own.ADVANCED INDOOR GROWING 29 IT STARTED BECAUSE I WANTED TO SMOKE CANNABIS THAT I REALLY LIKED Breeding Grubbycup’s Stash When I first started smoking weed. and pre-Internet. The pairs were selected by what I thought would be give me the best smoke while I worked on combining all four cultivars. information on genetics and for breeding plants in general was much easier to come by. didn’t have the fruity-flowery sort of flavor I had in mind. I didn’t want to buy weed. one promising candidate was: ‘(nl x bb) x bm) x (d x blueb) x black) #2’. but didn’t have the plant structure I wanted and was a bit cranky to grow. and to be fair. I tried a lot of different cultivars. Using this father. On the father’s side: The White Rhino male’s sisters were very potent. If I had paired the two most potent. In selecting the father. I didn’t want to spend the money.’ Which doesn’t exactly trip off the tongue. it’s easier to track one father with several mothers than the other way around. I hoped to start to accumulate the genes needed for a potent. I wouldn’t need to involve anyone else. For example. Once the two lines were crossed. they didn’t have the sort of plant structure I was looking for. but the name stuck. Besides. By matching potent plants with nicelyflavored plants. If a line showed promise or had a trait I liked. As time went on. finally I settled on a White Rhino x Blueberry father crossed with a couple of different Purple Lady x Blackberry mothers. I came to the conclusion that it was too expensive. and I didn’t want to deal with finding someone to buy it from. whether breeding pea plants or Cannabis plants. so it was my only source of personal smoke. the trick is in getting the seeds for superior genetics in the first place. This was in the 1980s. it might show up again in some form. As I used to say. Since these were all experimental plants. I pollinated several mothers. If the genes don’t exist in the starting pool. That would become a lot easier to do once seed banks became more common. which was an abbreviation for ‘Northern Lights crossed with Big Bud and the result crossed with Blue Mystic and the result of that crossed with a Durban Poison that had been crossed with a Blueberry and then had been crossed with a Blackberry. but they are set and finite. One drawback to this method is that it creates a bottleneck. I didn’t want anyone not in my circle by Grubbycup to know I knew anything about weed. It was during this time that Grubbycup’s Stash got its name. however. and I’d ask them their opinion afterward. both the Blackberry and Blueberry were used in the final selection. second plant in the set. For example. I just wanted to smoke it. I was still labeling with codes for specific traits. but other than a slight citrus. studied botany in college. and had always enjoyed gardening. Growing marijuana came very naturally to me. make sure that you select from plants that have traits similar to what you want in your final line. It takes the same effort to grow average genetics as it does to grow superior genetics. I learned a few things. growing it myself seemed the safest choice. and gave the excess to friends. it wound up naming itself. I didn’t want to sell weed. My first grows were all from friends’ bag seeds. I wanted flavor as well in each of the crosses. To create a starting pool of genetics. The mothers: The Blackberry male’s sisters had a berry flavor. My friends would ask to load up a bowl of whatever was in ‘Grubbycup’s Stash’. the greens in question being Cannabis and cash. the generation may have to be repeated. Everything in my stash was labeled with an almost unpronounceable code. I was going to breed my own. Meanwhile I’d be smoking each of the pairs. I’d bring my latest test buds to share. The buds I grew were harsh. it was all Grubbycup’s Stash. uncured and of very ‘iffy’ parentage. I smoked most of what I grew. They were also better than a lot of what my friends were used to smoking. Over the years my growing and harvesting techniques improved. plus once I had seeds. The biggest threat to any marijuana garden walks on two legs. they had names that were more for record keeping than ease of use. Although information about marijuana-specific breeding was scarce. the group to declare early. nicely-flavored variety. since no money would be changing hands. The first thing I learned is that I wanted to smoke more of it. Genes may be hidden. and I didn’t want to buy it. they won’t exist in following generations. Anytime I’d join a circle with friends. but often had something worth trying in it. I found better seeds to grow. The first step in starting a breeding program. I looked for the most robust and best flowering out of “THE WAR ON DRUGS HAS FAILED!” 5 “ONE MORE WAY THAT HEMP PLASTIC COULD SAVE OUR LIVES” 17 “HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS” 20 . is collecting the original pool of genetics to start selecting from. we were more concerned with just having enough to smoke and not all that picky about how good it was. Shortly thereafter. and the quality of what I smoked improved. so accurate information was much more difficult to come by than it is today. When breeding. (The same basic principles apply. ‘I don’t mix greens’. The Blueberry mother had a very nice flavor. After careful consideration of my options. even if I wasn’t working with different cultivars anymore. I may have gotten potent offspring. but similar to the Blueberry. and made a lot of different crosses. if the father has dropped an important trait. it wouldn’t matter which of the four was paired with the others. The breeding project had taken over my entire garden at the time. The Purple Lady mother had an amazing kick and a very interesting floral flavor. I didn’t name it. which was often seeded Mexican brown. I had grown up on a dairy farm.

Advice for those interested in trying home breeding: GS MALE NAMED ‘GOLIATH’ THIS GS 3 PRODUCED FOUR LEAVES PER NODE. GS-B. cross the best plants regardless of generation. but I can grow pretty much any strain I want and Grubbycup’s Stash still makes up most of what I put in my pipe. Any plant that displays an structure is that they are traits that are undesirable trait can be eliminated from than the GS-A and GS-B mothers. The Blackberry x Purple Lady mother was easier to select. GS-A and GS-B were grown as two separate cultivars and did not cross-pollinate for several generations. The standard for the breed includes a a GS male that was named ‘Goliath’ in its One grow was dedicated to each of the nice initial effect. Seeds are collected and labeled. some of these were kept. Over time. Both lines were bred using the same criteria in parallel. but it can be done. Personal label machines can help if poor handwriting is a hindrance. That isn’t to say that they aren’t also bred for bud size. OR TWO AT THE CENTER. Record keeping becomes absolutely critical. The reason types of notes are so important is not with GS-B. IT MALE HAVE AN EXTRA FINGER GS-E. you will likely have learned how to deal with it. GS 3 has parents that displayed five mothers.only for breeding toward. Peace. but the GS-C. New traits have surfaced as recessive genes found matching recessive genes. You don’t have to become an expert. it succeeds. all you really need to know to make use of the principle is that you should grow out multiple generations at the same time and cross the best plants together. but that trait holds a lower priority to quality of smoke. People bred both plants and animals using this principle for hundreds. smooth clean flavor. I would never claim it to be any better than anyone else’s work. I’m who I bred it for. 2) Learn the basic principles of Mendelian genetics. the GS Gol indicates it has 1) Even if you don’t learn the math or the science behind it. The tracking of traits. after all. It is not a fast process. For example. grown in groups. if you just keep breeding your best male to your best female (and don’t add new genetics into the mix) you are off to a good start. some ignored. since I could taste test the buds off of clones to select the best ones for seeding. but GS-A developed to be the more potent of the two. GS-B had superior flavor and structure. 3) To benefit from cubing. AND ITS MOTHER HAD SUPERIOR COLOR. and how to use them to make educated predictions. GS-C. Anyone interested in breeding is heartily encouraged to learn about it. I’m okay with showing a little favoritism to it though. GS-D and TRAIT WERE TO BECOME CONSISTENT. and by the time you have enough generations under your belt to worry about it. just learn how dominant. IF THE labeled GS-A. More bags with codes: this is why COULD BE A METHOD OF EARLY SEXING. Marijuana is not particularly sensitive to inbred depression. In a large-scale operation one option would be to grow very large numbers of the seeds and make selections from hundreds. Grubbycup . This way. regardless of what generation they are. but with time and patience you can produce noticeable changes and put your own mark on the weed you smoke. etc. Whenever I would get close to deciding in favor of one. Eventually the best of the two lines were merged. the other would produce a superior specimen. It was my intention to use only the best between the two lines. The best of GS-A was cloned quet garni aroma. people just tended to say ‘Grubbycup’s Stash’ or ‘GS’. the plants became similar to each other. Any plant showing a superior example of a trait was marked as part of the label. This process was repeated structure and plant structure. seeds from the best smoke can be selected and seeds from only average buds can GS 3 MALES TEND TO HAVE THREE LEAVES PER be disregarded. but for breedlots did not produce specimens better rated and more stable than the plant ing against. or I find something I like better. Each container of weed lists the exact plant that it was harvested from. I felt confident that I had a White Rhino x Blueberry male that had a good chance of contributing desirable traits to the Blackberry x Purple Lady line. There is a technique known as ‘cubing’ that is very useful to stabilizing a genetic line. bud node). However. As a result. and that information can be used to extinguish unwanted traits.ancestry. AND USED FOR BREEDING the most important to me as a smoker.and recessive genes work. THE LABELS ARE INFORMATIVE. ALTHOUGH INFREQUENTLY FEMALE THE LEAVES ON THIS GS 3 The seeds from the five mothers were PLANTS HAVE DEVELOPED THE TRAIT. if not thousands of years. and so is the bud as it goes through the curing process. Clear and accurate labels are a must. Each growing container is labeled. and today have many more traits in common. if not thousands of plants. It is a work in process. However. Part of the reason that these comparison. The key is being able to match each bowlful of final product to its seeds and parentage. love and puka shells. and making educated attempts to adjust and recombine AN EARLY GS 3 MALE THE LABEL MEANS THAT IT’S FROM THE LAST GROUP OF ORIGINAL SEEDS. and each stem at harvest. The goal of the breed is to be my favorite and to that end. isolating and recombining. A few buds of each plant grown are seeded. GRUBBYCUP’S STASH I kept working with the White Rhino x Blueberry until potency and flavor regularly showed in the same plant. grow plants from different generations together. and did the same with the Blackberry x Purple Lady. As with all traits. This method is commonly used by corporate vegetable seed breeders. IF NOT STYLISH. them is the heart of any good breeding program. distinctive floral/bou. to good effect. The process continued as much more of the same. and it’s going to continue to be a work in process until inbred depression sets in. whorled phyllotaxy (3 or more leaves per and grown again with the GS-B lot for potent long lasting ‘creeper’ stone. it is also possible to breed using much smaller numbers of plants. some discarded. NODE. GS-D and GS-E that the effect and flavor are higher.30 the gene pool.

activist and entrepreneur. Ice-o-lator bags for water extraction and the latest addition to the family. browse the cactus garden or visit the hallucinogenic plants and flowers in the back of the shop. The main floor of the indoor area was busy. After you’ve chosen the correct texts and accessories. This year the High Times Medical Cannabis Cup in San Francisco even had a nearby billboard. and it was wall-to-wall with people. wooden. mushrooms or cacti to accessing your spiritual side through mindaltering substances. including some tasty treats by last year’s medal winners Bliss Edibles. Established in the winter of 1994. including author Jorge Cervantes. NL » www. which made for a very relaxing place to visit after making a circuit in the 215 patient area. Hemp is also heavily featured. CA WAS HELD AT THE CONCOURSE EXHIBITION CENTER High Times Medical Cannabis Cup. At last year’s awards ceremony High Times magazine’s executive editor Dan Skye promised they would improve the process for this year’s show. Nieuwe Herengracht 25 1011 RL. the Pollinator Co. good health and enlightenment are common themes throughout the shop and its products. love and puka shells. MAINSTREAM ENOUGH FOR A BILLBOARD A HAZE WAFTED OVER THE CROWD. next time they will need more room. It was nice to see that promise kept. Last year when I attended the HTMCC the line to enter the event was nightmarish. is a staple for locals and a beloved destination for returning tourists and Cannabis connoisseurs. rugs and tables set in the center. Credit card grinders and a staggering variety of ways to consume were available to eager shoppers. 70-somethings as well.SHOP REVIEW NL / FESTIVALS & COMPETITIONS 31 Sativa Diva The Pollinator Company The Pollinator Co. and the senior cultivation editor of High Times. In addition to the hash extractors for which the company is famous. the shop is perhaps most famous for three mandatory pieces of hash making equipment: the Pollinator dry sieve machines. Amsterdam. videos and magazines. Mila’s shop is not a grow shop. Check out the website for virtual demonstrations of and ordering information for the Pollinator. It also appeared to have a lot more attendees. the shop is loaded with books ranging from how to grow a variety of plants. Located on a picturesque canal near Amsterdam’s famous Waterlooplein market. Handcrafted wares by artists were sold next to slick commercial products. Danny Danko. each seeming to make a bigger claim than the last. Of THE SECOND HIGH TIMES MEDICAL CANNABIS CUP TO BE HELD IN SAN FRANCISCO. Seminars and panels were held by Cannabis celebrities and experts. Vendors sold pipes. The Pollinator Co. with a range of glass-. smoking accessories and related products are featured. making the Pollinator Co. Activism. psychedelic clothes and a full range of posters. the 215 patient area had a very nightclub/party atmosphere. Regardless of its legal status. Attendees were of all » info@pollinator. nor is it a head shop. is responsible for revolutionizing Dutch hash by starting a craze for clean. DEMONSTRATING THE USE OF A In sharp contrast.and natural substances available. the 2011 entry was both quick and painless in comparison. Oversized joints were passed around. A visible haze rose above the crowd like a fog.pollinator. is. INTERNATIONAL CANNABIS Peace. unlike any other spot in the industry. Seeds. enigmatic herbs. there were plenty of 30. Harborside’s Steve DeAngelo. At the end of the show on Sunday night. Artwork lined the walls. sizes and colors – all brought together over a common interest in marijuana. plants and advice are all available. The venue was larger. bongs. To give the organizers credit. ice-water extracted resin products. and had a better layout as well. I even renewed my California patient identification card at one of the booths. San Francisco by Grubbycup As the laws surrounding Cannabis and medical marijuana in California become more reasonable. loud music played in the background. Edible samples were handed out. vaporizers. and a wide variety of marijuana-related products. Marijuana was sold and sampled. it was obvious that while there were plenty of 20-somethings in attendance. but with a festive atmosphere. from wallets to cosmetics. your one-stop-shop for all things esoteric. Upstairs had a nice mellow area. The Results: Hybrid 1st Place: 2nd Place: 3rd Place: OG Kush (D & M Compassion Center) Star Dawg (Buds & Roses) The Pure (Leonard Moore Co-Operative) Indica 1st Place: Boggle Gum (Harborside Health Center) 2nd Place: The True OG (Elemental Wellness Center) 3rd Place: 7 Star Pure Kush (7 Stars Holistic Healing Center) Sativa 1st Place: Bay 11 (Granddaddy Purple Collective) 2nd Place: Alpha Blue (OrganiCann) 3rd Place: Sonoma Coma (Happy Lil’ Trees) . Additional merchandise includes items for your meditation space. at least in the smoking section outside. the winners were announced to much fanfare and cheering. the Bubbleator all-in-one system. in Amsterdam enjoys legendary status: Mila. Grubbycup AUTHOR JORGE CERVANTES HEMP WICK TO LIGHT A BONG. Ice-o-lator and Bubbleator machines. its use becomes more mainstream and normal. if this year’s event was any indication. Several booths were rented by LED companies. The Pollinator Co. quite simply.


we introduced The Attitude Seed Bank and discussed the recent history of the seed industry. It’s important for a serious collector to preserve a wide selection of varieties for the future. and other companies like it. but it must be noted that the information that is provided cannot concern topics that . you can rest assured that the vaults at The Attitude also contain a vast array of seeds from all places and from all points in time – from the early 1980s up until now. As telecommunications and exchange of goods and services have expanded. But the staff are not complacent – they are determined to continue their quest to provide quality strains globally. can continue to create strong new ones. Now that the focus of the Cannabis industry is moving towards the Americas. rapid advances in techniques (along with the explosion in new varieties that we’ve seen in recent years) has meant that strains are also in grave danger of being lost. but The Attitude is doing a very good job of attempting it. with the rise of the Internet seeing relevant websites springing up every day. In the vaults of The Attitude Seed Bank. who offer a range that runs into the thousands. The guys at The Attitude take great care to meet with breeders and discuss individual strains in order to give the best and most accurate information to the customer. the community has had increasing opportunities to transfer information between countries. and without it The Attitude could not have THE ATTITUDE IS AN AWARD-WINNING SEED BANK. and it’s important work – keeping strains alive and stable in nature is hard enough in a perfect world. and customers can be sure that their queries will be dealt with in a prompt and supportive manner. It’s simply not possible to preserve every strain out there. we should not forget the many years of research and development that our European cousins have put into breeding viable strains. Although Cannabis itself is found all over the world. are important in that they have always attempted to provide a good selection of seeds from breeders all over the world – and Over many decades the great breeders worked at creating the varieties we now have. are even more important in a time of new grows in Europe being more difficult to complete. the spread is assisted by the efforts of The Attitude. Therefore. particularly focusing on Europe and the Americas. most of the original and still most significant seed companies were founded during this period there. due to the vagaries of genetics. time and time again. wherever there is a new company producing quality items. Their efforts to represent as many seed companies as possible and stock the greatest variety of quality strains show exactly why The Attitude has made it to the top spot – and they’re showing no signs of slowing down! The team has that special something in that they always seek to be where other seed banks have not even thought of venturing yet.SEED BANKS 33 achieved the massive success they currently enjoy. such as Spain and Europe. interesting and unique strains are thankfully not in shortage. Seed stock exists in massive quantities. The Attitude. These heirloom genetics. and sufficient stabilization of new strains often is in jeopardy. By their constant presence at conventions. providing diverse brands perfect for the requirements of thousands of collectors across the world. with the Netherlands as a base for their activities. and what the future may hold Kali Mist for The Attitude and other companies like it. and are definitely unsuited to breed further strains (until they have undergone a lengthy process of crossing and back-crossing to fix desired traits into the genome). To conclude our three-part series. as even with careful management it is possible to lose a whole lineage. we cannot entirely predict what will happen in the future to a certain strain. healthy parents for innumerable new strains. and despite all our knowledge of genetics. many of which will remain viable in seed form (when properly stored) for years and posto the intensive nature of their operations. the Netherlands has been a focal point for many years due to the importance of the industry there. we’ll take a closer look at the changing nature of the international seed market. and a quick glance through the online catalog will demonstrate how effectively they have covered the whole spectrum. Without the efforts of the seed banks. This is where The Attitude comes in. The team has worked closely with major European breeders for years to provide the connoisseur collectors among us with a steady selection of original genetics. innovation is always rewarded. enough to keep customers happy for years to come. However. and are hard at work sourcing new companies to work with every day. The Attitude wants to know about it. However. despite such endeavors. times will always change and industries in a free market will THE ATTITUDE TEAM maintaining biodiversity by seeking out interesting and unique strains is one of the most important things the collector can do to ensure the future of these genetics. many genetics would have been lost forever – some have been lost already. Although their customers are sure to receive high quality. which can demand a huge amount of time and dedication. Providing reliable information is extremely important to the Attitude. Established five years ago. they give varied and potentially unsatisfactory results. stable seed stock to avoid strains disappearing – and so that experts sibly decades. representing more than ninety seed companies in the effort to bring their customers throughout the world the widest – and best – choice of Cannabis seeds and strains. Yet the valuable heirloom stock safely stored at The Attitude alone could provide stable. If new strains are unstable. naturally seek the best and most appropriate setting and methods of operation. Many smaller breeders are unable to network fully with potential customers due International Seed Market: A GROWING COLLABORATION In the first two issues of Soft Secrets USA. fresh products and the widest possible selection of new strains. As with any crop that is selectively bred by people. Seed banks are also highly important gateways for other breeders and seed companies to become part of the wider network: many of the smaller companies are limited in budget and the opportunities for publicity that The Attitude team offers. This ability to exchange ideas and techniques is the backbone of the international Cannabis seed industry. bringing never-before-seen products from all corners of the globe. including parts of Europe. The Attitude also have the chance to really explore what’s out there. The Attitude has grown at an explosive rate to become the largest seed bank in the world today. such as promotional videos and representation at major international events. Now that the legal Cannabis industry is expanding globally and many collectors are seeking to complete their personal catalog. The sheer choice one encounters when browsing the vast lists of products is enough to delight and possibly bewilder even the most choosy and specific of us. wherever possible it is important to keep a full inventory of present-day. not just in the Netherlands but also in countries. are vital.

The Attitude is also committed to continuing their work of seeking out a wide range of sources. The Attitude Seed Bank is looking forward to a long and exciting role within this revolutionary movement. It stands to reason that any one of the new and unknown companies of today could be the next big thing. The continent encompasses a massive diversity of climate zones. The diversity of climate. future research cannot happen. IN AMSTERDAM WITH THE GUYS FROM THE GREENHOUSE . the team expects that as techniques and exchange of information continues to improve through the community. they will enjoy a myriad of stable feminized and auto-flowering strains that current collectors can only now imagine. we can be sure that high quality seeds will be available worldwide for collectors. Over the next few years. and is proud to represent the talented and professional organizations that are behind this vital research. which reaches subtropical conditions in the Canary Islands. as without it none of our indooradapted hybrids would ever have been conceived of in the first place. and by next year the list is expected to grow from ninety to a ESTABLISHED FIVE YEARS AGO. it’s back to work – there are more breeders out there to meet and represent. allows for a range of adapted varieties to be developed. Turkey and Albania. and have been attracting much attention over the last few years with some amazing sativa.and hybrid genetics. and signs that small seed companies may be emerging are apparent. and improvements to techniques cannot benefit the community as a whole. and as the seeds of industry were sown by initially small and unknown companies. and always has been. As for The Attitude team. the strains of the future will be spectacular – as far removed from the strains of today as ours are from the varieties of the 1970s and 1980s. by representing all the major players – as well as a plethora of smaller and lesser-known organizations. Auto-flowering hybrids are improving and are increasingly popular among the customers of The Attitude. such as Spain. the sunny pastures of southern Mediterranean countries such as Greece.34 may encourage customers to contravene local law. Whether Cup-winner. breeding programs have elevated some table Spanish seed companies are also now appearing. The network that exists. or the hostile steppes of eastern Europe – where monoecious hemp and autoflowering ruderalis thrive. Much of temperate Europe is ideal for developing great varieties that will flourish in similar conditions elsewhere. and a great range of altitudes – sometimes even within one country. It is crucially important for organizations such as The Attitude to continue hundred-plus! With every new addition bringing their contribution of fresh quality strains to the market. possession and cultivation of small amounts of Cannabis is now legal. is allowing for the creation and preservation of amazing strains that deserve a place in any connoisseur’s library. From humble beginnings. The Attitude team have seen firsthand the diversity that the continent has to offer. prompt and efficient as always! NATALIA AND JODIE. and the contribution of such people is therefore highly important. The next generation can only benefit from our efforts to strengthen the gene pool: if current PROVIDING RELIABLE INFORMATION IS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT TO THE ATTITUDE customers will find seed companies from many countries represented within their catalog. wherever they may be. so have those same small companies grown to become the most progress is any indicator. That’s why The Attitude works their global efforts to provide Cannabis seeds for storage or for legal cultivation. which boasts semi-arid plains. mountains and two very different maritime climates on the north and south coasts. During their work in Europe. the key to a healthy industry. in fact – for the seed business to reach its current status as a serious and profitable concern. It’s taken many years – decades. auto-flowering genetics to the status of being worthy of consideration by the most serious collectors. repufamous out there. But as long as companies like The Attitude provide their efficient service to the planet. with global renown. it’s going to be difficult not to spend hours scouring the pages of The Attitude’s online catalog to find that special something to round off your collection. There are vast swathes of undeveloped land where few venture: the remote valleys of alpine Switzerland. THE ATTITUDE HAS GROWN AT AN EXPLOSIVE RATE In this way many names that would never normally make it into the spotlight have become popular and well-loved in the global community. In the Czech Republic. While the major Dutch companies are still a force to be reckoned with. linking several continents. and new ones are being added all the time. TWO INVALUABLE STAFF MEMBERS NATALIA WITH RAKAA FROM DILATED PEOPLES THE WINNER OF B-DAY PROMOTION. Without it. infamous cult classic or new and undiscovered gem. you can be sure that The Attitude team has it waiting for you and is ready to dispatch your order. The Attitude supports such legal enterprises: so hard to get out there and talk to the countless organizations that now exist. International collaboration is.


but they still did it. That took balls. Back in Amsterdam the circular plaques of black border hash were christened ‘banjos’. but tanks alone were not enough.) Imagine carrying that with a bounce in your step. Having loaded the equipment. but this was a period when officialdom didn’t seem to realize that tanks could carry more than air. The owner of the bags picked them up from the stunned driver and left in another taxi before the police showed up. Thanks. and it wasn’t until they reached their hotel that they discovered the switch. Most used intelligence to beat the controls. Hippie surfers were synonymous with marijuana use. Professionals would use a small internal compressed air tank containing just enough to give a convincing phssst should customs open the valve. FATHER OF THE AQUALUNG A WEEK ON THE BEACH: NOT A BAD WAY TO SPEND A ‘BUSINESS TRIP’ ‘BANJOS’ OF AFGHANI HASHISH WERE PASSED AROUND FILLED WITH AIR OR HASH? . although I’m sure it’s not the case today. However not all of them had the ethics of the Cannabis smuggler. At one point there were hundreds of ‘divers’ traveling the world with loaded tanks. Halfway through the movement he felt the momentum of the seventy-five kilo weight. but for that you needed paperwork. was a popular transit point. lack of exotic hashish is one of them. arriving on a Sunday morning when staff levels were low and multiple flights were also arriving from innocent destinations. With the introduction of the aluminum tank the perfect smuggling tool was created. lighter hash. a tank covered in sand and seaweed usually did the trick. 165lbs. Access was usually through a screw-off bottom. The trick was to pick up the thirty-five kilo bag off of the belt as if it weighed nothing. IT ALSO OPENED UP NEW POSSIBILITIES FOR THE SMUGGLER. it was routine. Most would travel to a neutral nation before attempting to enter their destination country. so it was well-worth locating. Africa was the popular transit point on the route to Europe. Filling the tanks was also a problem as there’s not much sport diving in Pakistan. but there was nothing he could do about it. which in this day and age is a rather disturbing thought. When the bags reached shoulder height they just kept going and took him straight through a plate-glass window and down a flight of stairs. Bags sometimes went missing. a popular route because of its lack of baggage controls on entering the country. The surf board was a longtime favorite of the hippie smuggler. Some didn’t bother with such niceties. The real stuff also fetched double the price. so you needed a reason to travel. for example finding out the search schedules. by the time they were finally reunited with their owner a month later. It only required some simple milling equipment to reduce a twenty-five kilo tank down to twelve. In fact. With Pakistan’s neighbor at war it was much easier operating out of India. the method was also unfortunately used to transport hard drugs. but divers were a different breed by O’Riodon altogether. with its oil industry. maybe ten. There was a case of an airline putting the bags on the wrong flight. IT BECAME POSSIBLE FOR SPORT DIVERS TO TRAVEL THE WORLD AND DIVE WHEREVER THEY LIKED. as he’d already loaded them into his taxi. Should customs have a look. Air India flights had virtually no searches for first class passengers and a huge baggage allowance thrown in. One group of crazies operating on balls and stupidity used to fly out of landlocked Peshawar (in northern Pakistan) and there’s not so much as a puddle for hundreds of miles.36 SMUGGLER’S TALES WHEN JACQUES COUSTEAU INVENTED THE AQUALUNG REGULATOR. A double-tank set had real potential. but it was the real Afghani hash that people wanted. but it was the diving tank that had the real potential. A WET SUIT AND A COUPLE OF TANKS WERE ALL THAT WAS NEEDED. It didn’t always go as planned. but first you had to get out of the source country. as there was less security – and when Afghani hash was not available there was always Manali or Kashmir. this kind of smuggling required physical fitness – a double set with suit and fins weighed around seventy five kilos (ca. which was hidden under the rubber boot. They loaded identical bags with bricks and placed them on the same flight. On this particular occasion a driver had grabbed a couple of diving bags off the belt and started to swing them onto his shoulder. the next step was the route. In Pakistan bribery was often the way to get bags on a plane without a search. One group traveling from India transited through Nairobi. Jacques Before the dreadful events of 9/11 it was common to travel by air with all kinds of sports equipment. Some groups would employ runners who’d never been near the source country to make the last part of the journey. Due to lax airport searches. where they executed hash smugglers. India was a victim of its own class system. COUSTEAU. In Nairobi. despite the fact that if you were caught they’d lock you away for years. back then the discovery was gold. the luggage would just arrive on the carousel and you’d have to fight a taxi driver to get your bags back. Others just relied on timing. Those traveling to Australia often passed through Singapore. Unfortunately. Many just traveled through the airport on combination of luck and guts. Most used the cover of professional oil rig divers. After a week on the beach it was time to think about the final leg home. terrorism has changed many things in the world. One group even stole the bags off another while in transit and got away with it. some even changed passports en route to disguise where they’d come from. airport accomplices picked up the real bags before the actual owners had cleared immigration. The Emirates. When things did run to plan. they’d been around the world. A twelve liter tank could carry almost thirteen kilos of Afghani hashish. many a board stuffed with marijuana made it through.

and in the intervening centuries since their introduction various landraces have evolved. the pot-smoking population relies heavily upon imported hash from Morocco or Spain. and with a racy. ©ULRICHSTILL Panama Red Wherever humans have gone. Kalamata Greece has a long history of cultivating Cannabis – mostly sativa varieties that could be selected for fiber and seed as well as to produce higher-THC cultivars. This enables rapid localized adaptation. Unfortunately this means that a particular phenotype can become insufficiently suited to its surroundings as conditions change by Kali Mist and newer. the Red is now truly a lost strain. and is apparently now unavailable.ENDANGERED STRAIN GUIDE 37 Minor. and we can possibly trace its lineage back to East Asia around 1. Conversely. and as with so many of the exceptional landraces out there. ‘Phenotypic plasticity’. led to eradication of Cannabis fields throughout the region. while little coca is actually grown in Panama. One that does apparently remain (albeit in massively reduced quantities) is a strain developed and made famous over many generations in and around Kalamata. The Red first appeared – and rapidly achieved fame – in the ‘60s and ‘70s. cultivation began in earnest when growers brought seeds (thought to be mostly of the Colombian Red cultivar) to the country from Colombia in defiance of the harsh crackdown on drug production there. Panama’s near-equatorial latitude and forgiving climate allows for the harvest of very pure. Kalamata has virtually disappeared off the map as a producer of this unique sativa. selection pressures have acted against it as cultivators prefer a more robust. with long. is very apparent in the Cannabis genus. clear sativa high – as opposed to the stupefying narcotic effect of the Colombian Red. and it is suggested that the species can therefore survive significant climate change and – is indeed already responding to ongoing changes. It is sativa. In much of Central America. In Panama. THE RUGGED AND REMOTE TROPICAL TERRAIN PROVIDES PLENTY OF OPPORTUNITY FOR COVERT GROWS. It is also believed that the original Greek strains may well have been influenced by some of the by Kali Mist purest African sativas. Alongside (and arguably due to) police crackdowns. and in the recent past Panamanian Cannabis was widely available. Although much of this learning has been lost to the general populace through increasingly harsh domestic drug policy. Also. but it seems that unless undiscovered communities exist out there in the rugged Panamanian hills and islands. It is likely that the prevalent phenotype for centuries. They brought their own Cannabis genetics. a handful of lineages were able to flourish up until recent times. and Cannabis has lessened in importance as an export in recent years. or the ability of a plant to change its genetic structure in response to environmental pressures. As with many disappearing landraces and cultivars. its massive importance as a trafficking route has meant that local criminal gangs have turned their attention to cocaine. It exhibits long red hairs on the flowers. The flavor is reported to range from citrus to woody. racy effect. Local growers also often selectively breed for desired characteristics. be sure to find the last few remaining guys who grow it and beg for a seed sample. The wideranging explorations of the Greeks in their golden era. fitter examples evolve or are introduced. The ‘War on Drugs’ has. further compounding the problem. WELL-DRAINED PASTURE LAND. when intensively farmed. which then interbred with the local sativas of the time. when land is cleared for intensive coca production. compact flowers that may have a rosy or reddish coloration. as well as a reddish coloration to the leaves and flowers themselves. was a compact sativa with some indica characteristics – similar to other Eastern Mediterranean strains still in existence (such as those found in Lebanon and Egypt). High-quality local cultivars that were widely available in the 1980s are now almost impossible to find. But if you ever find yourself there and you have a trusted connection to help you navigate your way around the tricky politics of local weed cultivation. Many of the secrets of Cannabis that are only now becoming common knowledge to us were known thousands of years ago to the ancient Greeks. and are introducing hybrids that are flourishing in the benevolent climate – and rapidly gaining dominance. if not millennia. ©DIRKVDM . the single most profitable strain may be exhausted while others are allowed to die off. It is still available from seed banks in hybrid form. existing populations are depleted and phenotypes lost. long-flowering tropical sativas. due to police crackdowns on outdoor grows and excessively harsh penalties. the ravages of the cocaine trade have left an indelible mark on Cannabis cultivation. second city of the Peloponnese (a region on the south coast of mainland Greece that enjoys a very pleasant climate). quicker-flowering. The hilly terrain and numerous small islands provide many opportunities for covert growing. Kalamata pot is a closely guarded secret and examples are exceptionally rare. as well as some Thai and Cambodian.100 AD when the advancing Mongol armies invaded Asia AN EXAMPLE OF A LOCAL SATIVA FROM A KALAMATA GROWER ©KALI MIST MUCH OF THE PELOPONNESE REGION IS CHARACTERIZED BY LOW-LYING. however. growers who still manage to finish a crop are increasingly choosing quicker-flowering Skunk varieties. Wild or escaped communities now exist on every continent save Antarctica. Both extremes can affect the gene pool. and a flowering time of around 14 weeks – very similar in description to many African landrace genetics. of course. as well as those from Asia. Panama Red was the name given to the bushy red cultivar that ultimately emerged: reportedly of an airier structure and lighter color than its predecessor. It can grow up to 15 feet tall and can yield up to five pounds per plant when well-tended. higher-yielding plant. and its prominence as a destination for sailors from all corners of the globe. and low-quality weed from Albania. commonly crossed with White Widow or Skunk to enable successful indoor grows. and represents a significant percentage of overall narcotics trafficking. In some places Cannabis is intensively cultivated. In Crete there is a fair amount of cultivation to this day – attitudes towards mainland Greek policy are hostile and many Cretans are prepared to defy the law of the land. On the mainland itself. Kalamata is high in THC with an intense. Cannabis has followed soon after. leading to highly morphologically-distinct Cannabis populations worldwide. in other locales production has been sidelined in favor of the more profitable coca plant. must have yielded genetics from many sources.

Overall. Dinafem’s Critical Jack seeds were used. The LED unit runs much cooler than traditional lighting.7 ounces (75 grams) which trimmed and dried to . ballast. Green light is reflected back away from the plant. The lower waste heat of the LEDs could be useful in conditions where excess waste heat is a problem. bud development was very tight. However. blue and violet lamps. The third trial successfully completed from seed to harvest without incident. The plants were grown in perlite with small plastic pots as containers.7 ounce (20 grams) of nice smoke. Gender declared itself as normal (being feminized. For example. it is not an inexpensive unit to purchase: retail price runs in the same ballpark as a budget HID magnetic coil 1000w. Wet weight was 2. love and puka shells. then that energy is wasted. they produce light. and that. to ensure the plants did not suffer due to crowding. . Prototypes of LED grow lights disappointed a lot of early adopters. Today’s units still come with the hype and the price. The individual diodes are usually one to five watts each. would require more electricity to use. FRESH CUT WEIGHT WAS 2. It runs much cooler than HID lighting. The first units arrived on the scene with a lot of hype and a high price tag. energy is not spent on creating green light. blue and violet bands. which is why the plant appears green. Compared to the GPDs from other tests. water moved through the plant at a slower rate than I am used to. The smoke is sweet tasting. smooth with a hint of bite. They have two leads. watt for watt. DAY 185: LEDS CAN FLOWER.and three-watt LEDs from the Netherlands. it declared female). Chlorophyll uses light with wavelengths primarily from the red. due to a combination of complications from having the light too close to the canopy. LEDs are made to emit specific wavelengths. and leaves a nice warm afterglow. However. However. I have no doubt that a 400w LED array could easily outperform a 400w HID light. Plant transpiration under the unit was reduced.38 ADVANCED INDOOR GROWING LED Trial with Critical Jack LIGHT EMITTING DIODES LEDS ARE USED TO TAKE A PLANT FROM SEED TO BUD Light emitting diodes are electroluminescent. the 104w LED unit performed better than a 250w HID. and being mostly solid-state. they are worth taking a look at – if the cost of purchasing the unit doesn’t break the budget. They sprouted normally. but it was also small for its age. and as such I would not recommend them as a good choice for novice growers. with several wired together to make a single light fixture. It seems well built. at current market prices. but was easy to set up in a small space. and has a very pleasant exhale. To ensure that the plants were from quality genetics. An advantage LED lamps have over fluorescent lamps is the ability to project specific wavelengths (colors) of light. LEDs create about the same amount of light per watt as fluorescent lighting. the plant appeared to be a miniaturized version of a much larger plant. they either didn’t work. a positive and a negative. Bud development started very slow. This includes spending some energy on producing green light. but I was curious if the advances in technology had advanced to the point where they were a viable alternative to HIDs and fluorescents. bulb and socket. and at least in theory. but not as well as a 400w HID. Grubbycup DAY 81: THE LED PLANTS ARE SHORT AND DENSE DAY 172: BUDS WITH TIGHT FLORAL CLUSTERS THIS 104W LED UNIT WAS THE ONE USED IN THE TRIAL. and would add the expense of bulb replacement. and early growth was compact and vigorous. The 1000w light would generate a lot more waste heat. Lighting was switched to 12 hours on/12 hours off at 130 days from seed. A higher percentage of the energy spent is converted into light that the plants can use. The Critical Jack has a woody aroma with subtle notes of lemon. and the plant was very bushy. 400w of LED array is substantially more expensive than 400w of HID lighting. Peace. A fluorescent lamp will use its power to broadcast light in many colors. DAY 28: THE PLANT WAS MOVED INTO NORMAL LIGHTING FOR THIS PHOTO. Start to finish it took 185 days. TWELVE DAYS FROM SEED THE CRITICAL JACK FROSTED NICELY. Four seeds were put in to sprout on December 17th. It delivers a nicely potent hit. The unit I tested is a commercial 104w combination of one. For use in stealth cabinets or in a location where heat is an issue. but picked up dramatically in the last couple of weeks. The plant finished in 55 days (just under 8 weeks). Trial one ended prematurely due to low temperature issues. but when using LEDs over soil.7 OUNCES (75 GRAMS). is more shock resistant than glass lamps. if green light is not used by the plant. they perform better than HPS or fluorescent technologies. be careful of over-watering. and final harvest was 20 grams for a GPD (grams per day) of . overwatering wasn’t an issue. and foliage was denser than my experiences with HPS or fluorescent lighting. or 10 x 3w diodes. but may be more appropriate if these factors are not a concern. When current is applied from positive to negative. they use small doped semiconductors to emit light. and nutrient uptake problems. Calculating the GPD for each harvest will allow a gardener to compare the success of grows even if the number of days taken for each is different. and the learning curve on use was steeper than it appeared. a single 30w LED light might be manufactured from 30 x 1w by Grubbycup diodes. Since I used perlite as a growing medium. The self-contained unit is heavy for its size. three of the plants were removed. During mid flowering. and as a result the plants suffered from the cool temperatures in the space. LEDs have come a long way since they first hit the market. The testing took more trials than expected. Trial two also ended prematurely. in an indoor vented closet. and as a result. I can confidently say that it is possible to grow good weed under a well-designed LED light.108. so by using red. Internode length was shorter. The spacing of the branches was still very short. so initial cost may be an important consideration. My experience so far with LEDs has shown them to be unforgiving of errors. or didn’t work well. should last longer without needing bulb or part replacements.

It is impossible to create and stabilize a new variety without doing it the old-fashioned way (breeding males with females). vigor. and this article will tell you a little about them. The females then ripen and are harvested for seed and fiber. remember that a higher quantity of male plant matter will be needed than for female plant extraction. if the males are cut just before the flowers mature and begin to release polvery select crops – and hash containing male pollen is said to be yellowish and lower in strength and overall quality. The male matures much faster than the female: it is already producing pollen and is ready to die in the initial few weeks of len. release pollen. It is said that males make good oil – when extracted by soaking the plant matter in high-quality ethanol – and it is possible that this is the best use for your grow room or greenhouse males. Any alternative to simply throwing them in the trash has got to be worth considering. female plants can be cloned for many generations. the first sign a plant shows of being male is their cue to rip it up and dispose of it – but is there any use for the males besides causing your precious females to be ruined by seed growth? Unless you are a breeder. When selecting males for breeding. some indoor growers of highpotency strains have attempted to make ice-o-lator from males. In a greenhouse or indoor grow room. the female’s flower period. and stirred into melted butter (or a mixture of butter and water to prevent burning) with reportedly good results. male specimens of psychoactive Cannabis strains do contain varying amounts of THC and other cannabinoids. The coarser. and some have reported producing hash of medium. Feminized seed crops must be treated repeatedly with colloidal silver or gibberellic acid to prevent normal flowering. ©RAYELA ART 2008 .39 Male Cannabis: LET’S HEAR IT FOR THE BOYS! For most growers. sacking and canvas. the male of the species deserves a special place in the annals of botanical history. The plant matter is ground up as small as possible. weavers have used the earlier-harvested male fiber to make fine linen-style items such as towels. armed with these facts.and A MALE SUPER SILVER HAZE PLANT IN FULL FLOWER – PART OF A BREEDING PROGRAM ©RIKVA 2009 were world-famous. However. Various males must be allowed to pollinate identical groups of female clones to ascertain which male produces the most viable offspring. It is improbable that good results would be yielded from most methods of hash-making. WEAVERS HAVE USED THE EARLIER-HARVESTED MALE FIBER TO MAKE FINE LINEN-STYLE ITEMS SUCH AS TOWELS. the stalk and foliage may be treated in various ways to extract the psychoactive compounds. It’s a terrible feeling staring at a bunch of males. But male plants do have their uses. knowing that they must be removed from the grow straightaway and that all the care and attention you’ve lavished upon them up to now was wasted. Male hemp grows 10-15% taller than female. or an eighth of ice-o-lator or oil – who knows. The dioecious nature of Cannabis and the different uses for male and female hemp were recorded as early as 221 BC in an early Chinese dictionary. allowing pollination to occur and seeds to develop within the flower as it grows. new healthy generations cannot emerge. oil – or butter for cooking. the observable traits that are most desirable are low hermaphroditism. The archaic English word ‘fimble’ (from the old Dutch femeel) specifically refers to the male hemp plant and male hemp fiber. Don’t throw them away – try making a batch of brownies. either in the form of hash. Scent and floral structure may be discernible from male plants also. The method to produce butter from males is identical to that for females. Yes.900 years before Western botanists ‘discovered’ sex in plants – also by studying male Cannabis! For this reason alone. as THC levels are so low: in many traditional hash-making communities (such as Morocco) males are not separated from females – except for THROUGH HISTORY. Therefore THC production has already peaked by this point. Male plants mature faster than females. around 1. without their pollen. A good. Console yourself with the thought that you’ve actually got some usable THC. but the effect a male’s genes will have on the overall look and potency of his daughters can only be known by growing out the progeny to maturity. But their fibers are also prized. Some enthusiasts claim the products they create are comparable to or even better than those produced from female plants. MALE HEMP FIBER WAS USED TO MAKE FINE ITEMS LIKE THIS LINEN-STYLE CUSHION. you’ve probably never thought much about it. On the other hand. Having males and females is an integral part of the Cannabis plant’s nature – just as it is for humans – and maintaining unnatural reproductive cycles for many generations is impossible without great effort. by the time you next have to cut down your males you may be looking forward to it! A FLOWERING MALE HEMP PLANT SHOWING ABUNDANT POLLEN PRODUCTION ©ERIK FENDERSSON 2006 TRADITIONALLY. such as the almost silk-like fabrics manufactured by some Italian weavers. weeks before your girls will be ready. and strains of cultivated monoecious hemp must be re-developed from parent stock every few generations to prevent reversion to the normal dioecious growth. Although levels are low compared with female plants. Apart from the world of breeding highpotency Cannabis. So perhaps. you’ll be a little more forgiving when you next find yourself staring at a tiny. They are obviously vital for seed production as. CLOTHING AND BEDDING has thinner stalks. but at some point male pollen should be introduced and new seeds grown as the genetic begins to weaken. Through history. good height (neither too short nor too tall). and their properties have been long-studied. newlyformed male flower basking in the glow of your expensive HPS lights. stronger female fibers were used for ropes. When attempting any of the above methods. the fiber is finer but lower in tensile strength. and rapid maturation rate. clothing and bedding. male plants have a very important place in hemp farming. by Kali Mist In the drug Cannabis industry. die and are harvested for fiber. strong males are prized by good quality. stable father can be the basis for hundreds of successful crosses. Some.


I just beat him to the door. he handed over a coffee machine and said goodbye.EDIBLES 41 Dangerous Pastry A DELICIOUS TIME BOMB Eating Cannabis is still one of the best ways of consuming nature’s gift. the wedding ceremony was over and the party was getting into full swing. scattering cake everywhere. I discovered my wife’s uncle had found the cake and was passing it out to little old ladies. Back in the party. I’d just suggested a pinch or two in the mix to mellow things out. The guy I was talking to suddenly lay down on the floor and then got up again as if nothing had happened. the director of the bank dropped by to pay his respects. tripped and fell down the stairs. When the end finally came it was quick. hav- THE COLOMBIAN AMBASSADOR HAD MOVED INTO THE BACK ROOM AND WAS HOLDING AUDIENCE OVER AN ANDEAN-SIZED PILE OF COCAINE. but that was the least of my problems. To my new in-laws I was the devil incarnate. After a moment or two of pleasantries. Behind me. people kept asking for more and my constant refusal seemed weird. To add to the weirdness. When I reappeared with a plate of minute portions there were lots of complaints. so I decided to cut off a small piece and hide the rest. then headed for the cloakroom to get his coat. My partner’s Siamese cats had retreated to the back room. In complete panic. when he got drunk and chased women around the party. The bearer. There was also my new wife’s extensive Dutch family. Unwittingly eating a cookie that takes you into another state of mind can be a little unnerving. and that’s where their mother found them. it seemed like a good idea at the time. The guest list was varied due to our different professions and wide circle of friends. a moment later he really passed out. My new in-laws had just discovered the cloakroom was full of hairy people smokIT’S ALWAYS NICE TO HAVE A ‘PRIEST’ IN ATTENDANCE! ing weed. I have to confess in my younger. She was a money dealer and I was a gallery owner. I saw cake in all the wrong hands. ing flown over from England with my mother. Numb and in shock. When I met him he was just finishing a piece of cake. a delicious time bomb about to blow the party apart. I freaked. I even took a half-eaten piece off my grandmother. thanks to that social lubricant: alcohol. We married in Amsterdam and the reception was held in the gallery. I realized the explosive implications of a cake containing sixty grams of hash. it’s tasty and only as dangerous as the sugar that goes with it. they began to drop like flies – fortunately I left before the ambulances arrived. My seventy-four-yearold grandmother even attended. On the day. it was either the best party ever. befitting her status. Depending upon who you talked to. holding it high. I must have seemed deranged. When somebody walked past carrying a large piece. I heard the explosion from the other end of the party. a miss-match way back in the heady days of the ‘80s. The artists had softened to the bankers and even I had managed to shake off the stag night hangover. the haranguing I got had little effect. Having already eaten a piece. Then it started. it can be a pleasant and enlightening experience. All about the place the people were starting to turn green. but there’s a darker side to eating Cannabis – the surprise effect.’ Even in my inebriated state. If the dose is right. it just added to the bizarreness. one uncle had eaten seven pieces. I rushed up and grabbed what was left and disappeared upstairs. but not as much as when I discovered the Colombian Ambassador had moved into the back room and was holding audience over an Andean-sized pile of cocaine. ‘it didn’t seem like much. This was a chapter out of William Burroughs and I was not enjoying it. He left. The cake tasted so good. Playing with them on the floor were my wife’s teenage nieces. less sensitive days I was inevitably responsible by O’Riodon for giving nearly sixty people just such an experience. one of my more lecherous musician friends had turned up dressed as a priest and many of the older guests thought he was legit. My grandmother even commented on how nice it was that I had a priest for a friend. Rushing into the main room. then the idea to give it a ‘sparkle’ crept in. I was beginning to realize just how strong it was. especially if it’s your first time. In less than a year he would become Minister of Finance and eventually go on to oversee the introduction of the Euro. I mentioned earlier that my new wife was a money dealer. or the worst. the other half were beginning to wonder why they felt so weird. Half the party fell on it like wolves. The occasion was my first marriage. but did prompt a visit to the back room. He promised to look after the cake. glistening white and sporting a big red ribbon. I couldn’t throw it away. Using the excuse of looking for a knife. the next surprise. unaware of the experience yet to come. they’d all seen it. well. in. a shout announced somebody had found the remainder of the cake. It was downhill from there on THEY DROPPED LIKE FLIES . so we put it all in. Then. So. The cake was handed over with the whispered words. The coat (once found) was handed over smelling of weed. It was at that point the cake arrived. His Rolls Royce and escort were blocking the street. HE PROMISED TO LOOK AFTER THE CAKE. The hash was actually meant to be a reward for the chef. At first it was going to be a normal fruit cake covered in icing. A friend offered to bake a wedding cake. I disappeared with it into the kitchen and locked the door.

you will obtain a spectacular plant.’ For information: Royal Queen Seeds » info@royalqueenseeds. great attention is given to factors such as humidity in the air and temperature. the Royal Queen Seeds company has been an important actor on Europe’s constantly expanding Cannabis seed market. The implementation of the Hapamatic machine. already used for years in the medical sector for packaging large quantities of medicine. Royal Queen Seeds has decided to launch several new species on the market. has been crossed with a Ruderalis strain to create another classic: Northern Light Automatic. Royal Queen Seeds has become an extremely prominent company.42 PRODUCT FLASH Royal Queen Seeds Launches New Automatic Species For the past four years. With the new system. Boy Ramsahai. explains: ‘Today’s Cannabis consumers know exactly what to pay attention to when purchasing high-quality seeds. a species that flowers even more rapidly than any grower could dream of! Royal Queen Seeds Now Packages Seeds Automatically Royal Queen Seeds has recently introduced a Hapamatic automated packaging machine for packaging seeds. is a logical step for Royal Queen Seeds. owner of Royal Queen Seeds. not only because clients expect the correct number of seeds but also because they require them to be selected and packaged with care. our seeds are protected from the light and sterilized. Our seeds are hand-chosen before being machine-packed. the high quality of the seeds and active participation in creation and distribution of female seeds and the socalled ‘automatic’ “THE WAR ON DRUGS HAS FAILED!” 5 “ONE MORE WAY THAT HEMP PLASTIC COULD SAVE OUR LIVES” 17 “HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS” 20 . Northern Light Automatic: The other great classic. Due to the enormous success of their so-called auto-flowering species. Thanks to reasonable prices.royalqueenseeds. Royal Haze Automatic: If you cross a Dutch classic such as Amnesia Haze with a Ruderalis and a type of Skunk. and good packaging is of fundamental » www. Northern Light. and the selection and packaging processes take place in a sterile environment. in every sense of the word: an automatic Haze that flowers in just nine weeks from bud to harvest! Royal AK Automatic: The well-known AK-47 crossed with a Ruderalis strain to create a genetically stable automatic species.


He will also be featuring on ESL Instigators – Thievery Corporation’s forthcoming release. OK. rejected. with nary a saddle nor spur in sight.’ muses Jesse. . a timeless aural sublimity of The Great Plains of the Old West. BRUNER SINGS. BUT ALSO A UNIQUE AND COMPREHENSIVE INSIGHT INTO ONE OF THE WORLD’S MOST CHERISHED ALBUMS FOR ANY SOUL SISTER OR -BROTHER. The Funk Ark From the Rooftops ESL MUSIC The Funk Ark is a world funk ensemble based in Washington. ‘no strings’ mix of the title track. in the midst of a vast mid-western plain. unlikely hometown to a remarkable band – Other Lives – and its gifted singer/composer and multi-instrumentalist bandleader. It is like the next. as raw as it is meticulous and as fierce as it is imaginary. the end result is unmistakably a Thundercat record – a lush and magical document combining classic jazz-fusion. heavy to soft and pretty to ugly. yet instantly appealing and alluringly mysterious. improvised numbers like Jamboree and virtuosic bass pileups like Fleer Ultra. INSIDE OF THIS SPACE. This 40th anniversary edition couples the much-adored music with the wonders of modern day mastering. UNDERPINNING THE ALBUM’S RICH PALETTE OF SOUNDS IS THE BAND’S NATIVE DUST BOWL AUSTERITY: A STARK. sits Stillwater.and Latin funk/dance music scenes of the 1960s and ‘70s. The set. an upbeat soul strutter powered by Bruner’s digitally-distorted plucks. including original mono hit singles. battle like story. is well known for his work with a veritable encyclopedia of artists – both locally and internationally – such as Mya.k. A meditative act of artistic rebellion. There’s Walkin. which focuses on Marvin’s LP and post-LP Detroit recordings. BRINGING THIS STRING OF DIVINELY UNEXPECTED MOMENTS TO A MOODY AND CINEMATIC CLOSE IS RETURN TO THE JOURNEY. Spanning the spectrum of sonic style. Interweaving layer upon layer of intricately winding and pulsing orchestrations. epic sweep. as an uncompromising singer. several post-album outtakes. This latest EP release. the groundbreaking concept work was recognized as a magnum opus. the company’s sexy prince.’ Marvin Gaye What’s Going On UNIVERSAL To celebrate the 40th anniversary of Marvin Gaye’s seminal Motown classic What’s Going On. drummer Ronald Bruner. on vinyl for the first time. and each song became a journey. DC. A longtime contributor to others’ albums. ‘You go five miles outside Stillwater and it’s just untouched plains. Tamer Animals was written and recorded at Other Lives’s own studio over a period of sixteen months. From the first day of release. Jesse Tabish. picking up where the pair left off on 2010’s Cosmogramma – further distilling the jazz current running through that landmark Lotus release. includes a fullyremastered version of What’s Going On. behind What’s Going On. LA-based. Jr. YET COOLLY ELEGANT BEAUTY THAT MIRRORS THE LANDSCAPE SURROUNDING THEM. The group’s keyboardist and main songwriter. then Stephen Bruner’s bass is a mainline to the soul of a man whose DNA was transcribed from the stars onto staff paper. The Golden Age of Apocalypse was years in the making even though. a soft whirl of bluesy piano. this masterpiece broke the Motown mold. Bruner had never planned on releasing his own music.44 MUSIC REVIEWS Bassnectar Divergent Spectrum AMORPHOUS MUSIC Bassnectar is the brainchild of Lorin Ashton. The group draws upon influences from the African. OVER ALL. There are raw. stories and grooves remain timeless. You’re The Man. and exists as an open-sourced musical project that is as diverse as it is dogged. A TAUT BEAUTY SPANGLED WITH CRYSTALLINE HARP AND KEYS. disregarding the rules. it traverses a mashed-up aural continuum that reaches from dark to light. this debut album recalls the best of Africa 70. his single sequel. As always. The Motor City theme of this edition continues on the included 12-inch: the LP’s rare. SHOUT IT FROM THE ROOFTOPS! Thundercat The Golden Age of Apocalypse BRAINFEEDER If indeed ‘you blows who you is’. IT IS AS PHYSICAL AS IT IS AUDITORY – A LAWLESS ADVENTURE WITH NO LIMITATIONS. Federico Aubele. and a series of recordings (mostly instrumental) made in Detroit before Marvin followed Motown to Los Angeles. BUT LISTENERS NEEDN’T WORRY. his lyrics. Thundercat) is accompanied by an impressive cast ranging from Erykah Badu to members of Sa-Ra and J*DaVeY. these eleven tracks enfold listeners in a bounteous panoply of melodies and textures reminiscent of Brian Wilson’s daring Smile period. Still. Divergent Spectrum. AND NO HESITATION IN FUSING THE FAMILIAR WITH THE STRANGE. THERE. ONE OF THE ALBUM’S MOST STUNNING MOMENTS ARRIVES WITH A SPACIOUS COVER OF GEORGE DUKE’S FOR LOVE I COME. Bruner (a. THE SET PROVIDES NOT ONLY AN ESSENTIAL PIECE OF MARVIN GAYE HISTORY FOR FANS. The Golden Age of Apocalypse.a. to pianist Austin Peralta and his own Grammy-winning brother. is no disappointment. to produce an unparalleled insight into Marvin’s showpiece. THE FUNK ARK IS YOUR NEW ONE-STOP SHOP FOR BOOTY-SHAKING VINTAGE GROOVES. and the result is a gritty and soulful mix of inspired afro-beat and big band funk. the original. offers both stone-cold skill and uncanny astrality. unexpected chapter of Beauty and the Beast. But Lotus spurred him on. Produced by the band themselves and mixed by Beck’s longtime drummer Joey Waronker. Natalie Clavier. THE BASSNECTAR EXPERIENCE ENGULFS THE SENSES. The package also includes rare and unseen photography from throughout the recording process and the remarkable. their second album. Will Rast. BY COMBINING SOUND AND FORCE WITH WEIGHT. as Louis Armstrong once famously said. and the band counts Zane Lowe. Universal present this super deluxe edition. TIME REALLY ISN’T A THING. The first single off of Tamer Animals. out on August 29th 2011. Wayne Coyne of Flaming Lips and Bad Seed Jim Sciavunos among their burgeoning ranks of avid fans. New Age synth. is ambitious in scope: densely textured and uncompromisingly sophisticated. the JB’s and the Fania Allstars simultaneously. ‘TIME WILL PASS US BY’. Tamer Animals. His Flying Lotus-produced debut. OR THE CLASSIC WITH THE CUTTING EDGE. For 12 has already gotten the thumbs up from Radiohead. futurist electronic strains and timeless musical seeking. ‘I think that has affected me subconsciously. wobbling basslines and hypnotic soundscapes. the music covers every conceivable genre and smashes it all into a synthesis of intense. but Other Lives’s music invokes everything from Phillip Glass’s dazzling minimalism to Morricone’s dark. The album introduced Marvin Gaye. original Detroit Mix. There’s the ebullient Daylight. snapping beats and warm bass. For 12 especially exemplifies the latter: its galloping rhythms conjure a feeling of uneasy expansiveness. By Kaz Peet Other Lives Tamer Animals PLAY IT AGAIN SAM At the crossroads of US 177 and State Highway 51. Spanning a cosmic stew of players. songwriter and producer. Delivering healthy doses of the sound. locations and times. The term ‘chamber-pop’ readily springs to mind. RAMP and Raheem Devaughn.

it first appeared in the form of a spokenword recitation on his debut album Small Talk at 125th and Lenox.’ Written when Scott-Heron was just 18. The Bottle and the anti-apartheid anthem Johannesburg. was a composer. while working as a clerk at a dry cleaners. and he moved to New York to be reunited with his mother. In 2010. and one that always emphasized lyrical content over technique. But anger was not the only color in Scott-Heron’s music palette. would be a major influence on such groups as Public Enemy and NWA. With mantra-like incessance. and he was sent to live with his maternal grandmother. The following year he recorded the song for a second time. He enjoyed further chart success in 1976 with Johannesburg and. His parents separated when he was two. this time with a full band. a librarian and an accomplished singer. He said: ‘You don’t really see inside the person. the Ethical Culture Fieldston School. made him widely recognized as one of the Kaz Peet most inspirational figures of rap music and beyond. Small Talk at 125th and Lenox. you just get a lot of posturing. in the early ‘50s Gilbert Sr. Sonny Rollins and Dizzy Gillespie. turn on and cop out. and would lead to his being described as ‘the godfather of rap’./You will not be able to plug in. The bass player Ron Carter. Gil ScottHeron’s legacy will survive his death. Tennessee. . The Vulture (1970). The song went on to be covered. YET HIS SPIRIT SHALL NEVER FADE! Gil Scott-Heron. who died on May 27th. in Jackson. his songs that rumble from deep within his soul will continue to incite and inspire generations of young people to take up the struggle from where he left off. a keyboard-player. Scott-Heron would credit his grandmother with being one of the primary influences on his life: ‘[She] raised me to not sit around and wait for people to guess what’s on your mind – I was gonna have to say it. a live recording of one of ScottHeron’s club performances. a thriller about ghetto life. earning the nickname ‘the Black Arrow’. musician. Instead. as head of the Impulse label. Bobbie. allied to the overtly political content of his work. Lillie Scott.’ He preferred to call himself ‘a blues-ologist’. Scott-Heron first came to attention with his 1970 recording The Revolution Will Not Be Televised. Home Is Where The Hatred Is./Skip out for beer during commercials. aged 62. had recorded such artists as John Coltrane. His declamatory singing style. a Jamaican who had settled in America. Scott-Heron’s music reflected something of the militancy and self-assertiveness of such theorists and polemicists as Malcolm X and Stokely Carmichael. and a call to arms to the black community: ‘You will not be able to stay home brother. Gilbert Heron. 1949. His vocal style. Thiele released Small Talk at 125th and Lenox. and his political message. The Nigger Factory (1971). flautist and Gil Scott-Heron: SOUL BROTHER SADLY PASSES AWAY. In his second year at university he was given leave of absence to write a novel./ You will not be able to lose yourself on skag and skip. as well as being the cowriter (with George David Weiss) of Louis Armstrong’s What a Wonderful World. It was there that he met Gil’s mother. Scott-Heron sang in a roughly arresting voice that was once described as a mixture of ‘mahogany. Gil won a scholarship to a private school. rail-thin man with a wispy goatee beard and a countenance of prophetic gravity. It was a title that ScottHeron himself always deplored. there was a resurgence of interest in his work when he returned with his first studio album in 16 years. but was to fall victim to drug abuse more than two decades later. Over the course of 20 albums he produced a series of sardonic and biting commentaries on ghetto life and racial injustice. The followup Pieces of Man brought him together (on record) for the first time with Brian Jackson. songs such as Must Be Something and It’s Your World were moving affirmations of faith in the power of the human spirit. poet and author whose writings and recordings provided a vivid – and often stinging – commentary on social injustice and the black American experience. about campus unrest. He was named after his father. On graduation he published a second novel. including Whitey’s On The Moon. in 1978.’ composer who would become his main collaborator on nine albums. for his seminal album Pieces of a Man. I’m New Here. before going on to study at Lincoln University in Pennsylvania. Gil Scott-Heron was born in Chicago on April 1st./Because the revolution will not be televised. a compelling attack on the mindless and anesthetizing effects of the mass media. Both a genius and a soldier.OBITUARY 45 Cultivating his interest in music and literature. described it as ‘a voice like you would have for Shakespeare’. and a collection of poetry. who brought up her son on her own. serving jail time for various offenses. before returning to Chicago. played football professionally for Celtic and Third Lanark. He was soon approached by the jazz producer Bob Thiele who. she bought him a second-hand piano from a local funeral parlor and introduced him to the writings of the Harlem Renaissance novelist and poet Langston Hughes. who played on ScottHeron’s second album. A tall. who became a major influence. Pieces Of A Man. When Gil was 12 his grandmother died. On the recommendation of his high school English teacher. sampled and referenced in innumerable recordings. sunshine and tears’. where his prowess at football brought him to the attention of talent scouts from Scotland. with the anti-drug song Angel Dust.

The Sativa Diva. Cannabis users are a menace to no one and are causing no discernible social problem. each vying for attention. the motorcycle club ‘Dykes on BIKES’ spearheaded the show. This year’s theme was ‘In Pride We Trust’. But I was in San Francisco. I was trying to make my way across it to get to the HT Cannabis Cup. as suggestive REPRESENTED ALL TYPES. purple corsets and rainbows galore passed by. I hadn’t originally intended to go to the parade. the crowd seemed very wellbehaved. Kali Mist. while go-go dancers of all sorts gyrated for the crowd. The parade itself is a symbol of the success of that tolerance. Nothing from this publication may be copied or reproduced in any format without prior permission from the publisher and other copyright holders. Gay. Soft Secrets does not advocate breaking any Telephone: +1-310-488-1911 A word from the publisher: To the chagrin of the US Federal Mountain High Paradise Seeds Pollinator Company Royal Queen Seeds As oft-marginalized as Cannabis users are. with a dash of Salvador Dali thrown in for good measure. and even more non-users than ever. Bisexual. and Cannabis activists are engaged in broadening this progression. whether local-. On the one hand a playful celebration of sexuality. nudity was a common sight – despite not generally being tolerated in public. New York. Some politicians. almost half of the states have embarked on a process of relative liberalization towards the use of Cannabis. Distribution Carlos Garcia Circulation Manager www. The annual celebration commemorates riots that took place at a bar in Greenwich Village. Even folks like Distribution by: P. Taxpayers are frustrated with funding the incarceration of first-time. but that didn’t seem like a bad thing.A. I had to at least stop and take a look. and it was one of the biggest parades of its kind. I couldn’t pass up the opportunity. love and puka shells. polite and a smorgasbord for people-watching. which resulted in a riot. The editors take no responsibility for unsolicited submissions. In 1969 police raided a bar named the ‘Stonewall Inn’. Whether they are finding their way to the local medical distribution point or growing for personal stash. welcoming all to their flocks. Soft Secrets USA #5/2011 out: October 18th. In spite of its somber inspiration. Editorial adress: E-mail: Intellibusiness Management Letgrow. simultaneously decreasing the number of unnecessary arrests. 2011 . Transgender Pride Celebration. we can certainly understand how difficult the fight for LGBT rights can be.I. Signs and flags proclaimed support for tolerSMILING PEOPLE IN BRIGHT COSTUMES ance. Actor Olympia Dukakis made a personal appearance in a classic car. That event and its repercussions are often credited with being a galvanizing force that helped by Grubbycup unite the LGBT movement into organizing. parents are Sonny and Cher) was this year’s celebrity Grand Marshal. Sensible Seeds Serious Seeds Strain Genius Sweet Seeds Sweet Seeds Vapors SOME OUTFITS WERE MORE INTERESTING THAN OTHERS. Kaz Peet. 24th floor / Suite 2400 Los Angeles.Red. Buddy Kush.N. Floats. On the 26th of June 2011. I happened upon a parade. The costumes ranged from sensual to absurd. who had not planned on attending (and merely stumbled into the area) seemed far more amused than shocked by anything we saw. F. Colophon Page 1 40 16 2 4 19 25 43 28 48 40 43 8 1 43 1 43 47 43 35 11 1 32 35 Soft Secrets USA is published by Discover Publishers USA. I thought it was GO-GO DANCING FLOAT a fun show with some underlying serious messages. Churches marched in the parade. people stood three-deep or more to watch the festivities.magazinedistribution. Grubbycup Gay Pride Parade in San Francisco While on my way to the Cannabis Cup.46 MARCHES & DEMOS / INDEX OF ADS / COLOFON Index of ads Name Advanced Seeds All American Healing Group Apothecary 420 Attitude the Attitude the Best Price Evaluations Dinafem Seeds Funky Skunk the Ganja Juice Green Door the Higher Level Hydroasis. Thousands of people were in attendance. and is excited to offer a forum to both proand anti-legalization advocates. The publisher therefore distances himself explicitly from statements or images that might give the impression that an endorsement is being made for the illicit use or production of Cannabis. and the other a stark reminder of the intolerance and bigotry that still exists. and throughout the path of the parade. cars and people on foot paraded in front of an admiring crowd. CA 90067 E-mail: usa@softsecrets. Black leather. As usual. the publisher hopes Soft Secrets will expose the positive aspects of the normalization of Cannabis use to the public. non-violent drug offenders (read: pot smokers) as well as the social toll that high numbers of imprisonment brings to some towns and neighborhoods. It looked like a lot of fun. which was on the other side of the parade route from where I was. Editor in chief: Kristie Szalanski Contributors: Grubbycup. Overall. San Francisco held the 41st annual San Francisco Lesbian. Now we must be patient and see how the debate develops during a period of relative peace between both sides. mayors and police chiefs – on a local level – now actively support a ‘compassion club’ distribution system as a way of separating recreational stoners from the people who legitimately need therapeutic help. The publisher is not responsible for the content and/or point of view of advertisements. et Advertisements: Jessica Telephone: +1-661-333 3151 E-mail: jessica@softsecrets. Chaz Bono (formerly Chastity Bono. Inc Century Park Plaza 1801 Century Park East. these days the festival appeared to be more a demonstration of free speech – and as an excuse for outrageous outfits. humorous or overly suggestive way. Usually presented in a very matter-of-fact. In the meantime. are calling for the outright legalization of marijuana. O’Riodon. Federal or international. Cover Photo: Grubbycup Comic: oz. Some townships. state-. the sight of naked and semi-naked people appeared to have little adverse effect on the crowd. Soft Secrets forums operate under the assumption that the publisher does not necessarily agree with the views and opinions expressed in articles and advertisements therein.

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