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Edmund G. Brown Jr., Governor
State of California
George Valverde, Director
Department of Motor Vehicles
NEW 2011 LAWS
Effective Januarv 1. 2011
Motorcvcle License Applicants Under 21
· Applicants under 21 years oI age applying Ior a motorcycle license must
complete an approved motorcycle training class. beIore applying Ior a
permit and must hold the permit 6 months beIore the motorcycle license
can be issued.
Firefighter Endorsement Change
· A IireIighter. including a tiller operator. is required to have a valid noncom-
mercial Class C license. or Commercial Class A or B license and a IireIighter
endorsement issued by the Department oI Motor Vehicles (DMV) to operate
Pedicab Operator Requirements
· Operators oI pedicabs Ior hire are required to hold one or more oI the Iol-
1. A valid CaliIornia driver license.
2. ProoI oI successIul completion oI a bicycle saIety training course certi-
Iied by the League oI American Bicyclists or an equivalent organization
as determined by the local authority. OR a valid CaliIornia identiIica-
tion card and prooI oI successIul completion oI the written portion oI
the CaliIornia driver`s license examination administered by the DMV.
- i -
for speedy DMV transactions
TABLE OF CONTENTS
NEW 2011 LAWS .......................... i
NEW INFORMATION 2011 ............ viii
Where to Write ............................. viii
DMV INFORMATION .....................ix
GENERAL INFORMATION ............... 1
Accurate Identication ....................1
Basic Information ...........................1
THE CALIFORNIA DRIVER
LICENSE ................................ 2
Who Must Have a License? ...........2
California Residents .....................2
(U.S. Armed Forces) ..................2
Nonresident Military Personnel
Stationed in California ...............2
Adults Visiting California ..............2
Minors Visiting California ..............3
OBTAINING A DRIVER LICENSE ........ 3
Acceptable Documents ..................3
Application Requirements for a
Basic Class C Driver License ......4
Adults’ Permit Requirements ..........4
Adults’ License Requirements ........5
LICENSE CLASSES ....................... 5
THE EXAMINATION PROCESS .......... 7
Where to Take the Tests .................7
DMV Examinations .........................7
SPECIAL SECTION - MINORS ........... 8
Minors’ Permit Requirements ..........8
Minors’ Permit Restrictions .............9
Minors’ License Requirements........9
Exceptions - Minors License
Traffic Violations ...........................10
Teenage Traffic Deaths ...............10
Actions against the
Provisional License ....................10
Provisional License .................10
13 – 18 Years of Age ................ 11
Minors and Cell Phones ...............12
To Replace a Lost/Stolen or
Damaged License .....................12
Name Changes ............................12
License Renewals ........................12
Renewal by Mail or Internet ..........12
License Extension ........................14
License in Your Possession ..........14
Address Changes .........................14
Medical Information Card .............14
Organ and Tissue Donation ..........14
Unlicensed Drivers .......................15
Diplomatic Driver Licenses ...........15
Identication (ID) Card .................15
Free ID Cards for Physical and
Mental (P&M) Conditions ..........15
Driving Schools ............................16
Mature Driver Program .................16
Pedestrian Responsibilities ..........16
SEAT BELTS ..............................17
Mistaken Beliefs about
Seat Belts ..................................18
Child Restraint System and
Safety Seats ..............................19
Riding Safely with Air Bags ..........19
Side-Impact Air Bags ....................19
Unattended Children in
Motor Vehicles ...........................20
TRAFFIC LIGHTS AND SIGNS .........20
Traffic Signal Lights ......................20
Pedestrian Signal Lights ...............21
Traffic Signs ..................................22
LAWS AND RULES OF THE ROAD.....23
Right-of-Way Rules ......................23
General Information ...................23
On Mountain Roads ...................27
Speed Limits ................................28
Maximum Speed Limit ..................28
Reduced Speeds ..........................28
Heavy Traffic or Bad Weather ...28
Towing Vehicles, Buses,
or Large Trucks .......................28
- v -
Around Children .........................29
Blind Intersections .....................29
Near Railroad Tracks ..................29
Light Rail Transit Vehicle
Near Streetcars, Trolleys,
or Buses ..................................30
Business or Residential
Near Animals ..............................31
TRAFFIC LANES .........................31
Line Colors ...................................31
Choosing a Lane ..........................31
Changing Lanes ...........................32
Passing Lanes ..............................32
Vehicles (HOV) Lanes ..............34
Center Left Turn Lanes .................34
Turnout Areas and Lanes .............35
End-of-Lane Markings ..................35
Bicycle Lanes ...............................35
Shared Roadway Bicycle
Markings (Sharrows) .................35
Examples of Right and
Left Turns ...................................37
Legal U-Turns ...............................38
Illegal U-Turns ..............................39
Parking on a Hill ...........................39
Parking at Colored Curbs .............39
Illegal Parking ...............................41
Special Parking Rules ..................41
SAFE DRIVING PRACTICES ............45
Know What Is Ahead ..................46
Know What Is at Your Side .........48
Know What Is Behind You ..........48
Clean Windows and Mirrors .......49
Adjust Seat and Mirrors .............49
How Well Can You Stop? ............49
Driving in the Fog .........................50
Driving in Darkness ......................50
Driving in Rain or Snow ................51
Driving in Hill Country ...................51
Horn, Headlights, and
Emergency Signals ...................51
Use Your Horn ............................51
Do Not Use Your Horn ................51
Use Your Headlights ...................52
Use Your Emergency Signals .....52
Following Distances .....................53
Taking Dangers One
at a Time ..................................53
Splitting the Difference ...............53
Problem Drivers .........................53
Merging in/out of Traffic ................53
Space to Merge .........................54
Space to Cross or Enter .............54
Space to Exit ..............................54
Passing Other Traffic ....................55
Space and Speed to Pass .........55
Space to Return .........................55
SHARING THE ROAD....................55
Large Trucks (Big Rigs)
and RVs .....................................55
Trucker’s Blind Spots—
the “No Zone” ..........................56
Buses, Streetcars, and Trolleys ....58
Light-Rail Vehicles ........................58
Emergency Vehicles .....................59
Slow-Moving Vehicles ...................60
Neighborhood Electric Vehicles
(NEV) and Low-Speed
Vehicles (LSV) ...........................60
Animal-Drawn Vehicles .................60
Pedestrians Who Are Blind ...........62
Road Workers and Work Zones
(“Cone Zones”) ..........................63
Double Fine Zones .......................64
Move Over and Slow Down ..........64
Vehicles with Hazardous Loads ...64
- vi -
IMPORTANT DRIVING TIPS ............64
Dealing with Traffic Congestion ....66
Dealing with Aggressive Drivers and
Road Rage ................................66
Text Messaging and
Cell Phones ...............................66
Collision Avoidance ......................67
Keep Your Car Visible .................67
What is the Road Condition .......67
Driving in Heavy Traffic ...............67
Traffic Speeds ............................67
Driving Hazards ............................68
Water on the Road .....................68
Slippery Roads ..........................68
Skids on Slippery Surfaces .......68
Acceleration Skids .....................69
Locked Wheel Skids ..................69
Accelerator Malfunction .............69
Steering Wheel Locking
Collisions are not Accidents .........69
Causes of Collisions ..................70
Involved in a Collision ................70
Reporting a Collision .................70
Things You Must Not Do: ..............71
Things You Must Do: .....................72
HEALTH AND SAFETY ...................73
Safety for the Aging Driver ............73
Good Vision for All Drivers ............73
Alertness ...................................... 74
Medications .................................. 74
Hot Weather Risks........................ 74
Health and Emotions ....................75
Must Report ...............................75
Safety Tips ....................................75
Record Condentiality ..................76
Vehicle Theft Prevention Tips ........76
Traffic Breaks ...............................77
What a Driver Should Do
During an Enforcement Stop .....77
ACTIONS THAT RESULT IN LOSS OF
Financial Responsibility ................78
Insurance Requirements ............79
Collisions on Your Record ..........79
and Minors ..............................82
Alcohol/Drugs while Driving .........82
Alcohol/Drugs and Driving
Is Dangerous ...........................82
Carrying Alcohol in a Vehicle .....82
Drivers Under 21
(Possession of Alcohol) ...........83
Drivers of All Ages ......................83
Blood Alcohol Concentration
(BAC) Limits ............................83
Admin Per Se ...............................84
Court DUI Convictions ..................85
Drivers 21 and Older —DUI
Programs and Restricted
Designated Driver Program ..........86
Getting a Ticket .............................86
Evading a Police Officer ...............87
Points on the Driver Record .........87
Vandalism/Graffiti—All Ages .........88
Possessing Firearms ....................88
Traffic Violator School
Suspension or Revocation
by DMV ......................................88
Suspension by Judge ...................89
California Vehicles ........................89
Out-of-State Vehicles ....................90
Related Fast Facts and
(available online): .......................91
Sample Test #1 .............................93
Sample Test #2 .............................94
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WHERE TO WRITE
If vou have anv comments or suggestions regarding this publication.
please send them to.
Department of Motor Jehicles
Customer Communications Section
PO Box 932345
Sacramento. CA 94232-3450
· Copvright. Department of Motor Jehicles 2011
All rights reserved
This work is protected bv U. S. Copvright Law. DMJ owns the copvright of this work.
Copvright law prohibits the following. (1) reproduction of the copvrighted work, (2)
distribution of copies of the copvrighted work, (3) preparation of derivative works
based upon the copvrighted work, (4) displaving the copvrighted work publiclv, or
(5) performing the copvrighted work publiclv. All requests for permission to make
copies of all or anv part of this publication should be addressed to.
Department of Motor Jehicles
Legal Ofhce MS C128
PO Box 932382
Sacramento. CA 94232-3820
NEW INFORMATION 2011
· The CaliIornia DMV began issuing a newly designed. more secure CaliIor-
nia driver license and identiIication card. The new cards are distinguished
by additional security Ieatures. and have a diIIerent look and Ieel. The new
cards have the latest security technology and have several Ieatures to protect
them against Iraud. tampering and counterIeiting. Some oI the new Ieatures
include a vertical layout Ior persons under 21; the cardholders` date oI birth
and signatures can be Ielt by touch; images that can only be seen with the
use oI an ultra violet light; and a laser perIoration outline oI the CaliIornia
Brown Bear. which can only be seen Irom the Iront oI the card when a
Ilashlight is pressed against the back oI the card. Visit DMV`s website at
www.dmv.ca.gov to view the redesigned DL/ID cards.
· Shared lane markings. commonly called 'Sharrows¨ are pavement markings
and are used to remind drivers that bicycling is allowed and encouraged in
a travel lane when conditions warrant. See illustration on page 35.
- viii -
DMV oIIices are open 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. on Monday. Tuesday. Thursday. and
Friday and Irom 9 a.m to 5 p.m. on Wednesday. A Iew oIIices oIIer only driver
license or vehicle registration services. Go online or call the toll-Iree number
below to Iind the oIIice locations and service options oI an oIIice near you.
Go online at: www.dmv.ca.gov Ior:
· Field oIIice locations. hours. directions. and phone numbers
· Making appointments (except Ior commercial driving tests)
· Ordering personalized plates
· Driver license and identiIication card inIormation
· Vehicle/vessel registration inIormation
· Downloadable Iorms
· Publicationshandbooks. brochures. and sample tests
· Senior driver inIormation
· Teen driver inIormation
· Links to other state and Iederal agencies
· Renew your driver license or vehicle registration
· Call 1-800-777-0133 during nor-
mal business hours to:
Get driver license and ve-
hicle registration inIormation.
Iorms. and publications.
Find oIIice locations and
Make a driving test appoint-
Speak to a DMV representa-
· Call 1-800-777-0133 Ior auto-
mated service 24 hours a day. 7
days a week to:
Renew your driver license or
vehicle registration with the
Renewal IdentiIication Num-
ber provided on your billing
notice. You can pay with a
Make an oIIice appointment.
Advertising sponsorship. instead of vour fees. helps defrav the printing costs of this
publication. The products and services provided bv the advertising sponsors are not
promoted or endorsed bv DMJ. but the signihcant contribution bv the advertising
sponsors is most appreciated.
If vou would like to advertise in this publication. please call the Ofhce of State
Publishing Advertising Department at 1-866-824-0603.
- ix -
BE COURTEOUS –
We all want to
get home safely!
Fees listed in the California Driver Handbook are subiect to legislative change.
This handbook provides a summary oI the laws and regulations outlined in the
California Jehicle Code (CVC). The Department oI Motor Vehicles (DMV).
law enIorcement. and the courts Iollow the Iull and exact language oI the CVC.
The CVC and California Code of Regulations (CCR) are available online at
www.dmv.ca.gov or the Legislative website at www.leginfo.ca.gov. You may
also buy a copy oI the CVC at any DMV oIIice.
The reliability. integrity. and conIidentiality oI the CaliIornia driver license
(DL) and identiIication card (ID) is oI prime concern to all levels oI govern-
ment and the private sector.
It is critical that these documents be completely authenticated and accurate.
The CaliIornia Legislature has declared that the DL or ID card is the primary
identiIication document in this state. CaliIornia law requires that all applicants
who apply Ior an original CaliIornia DL/ID card submit prooI oI legal presence
in the U.S. as authorized under Iederal law. Your true Iull name as shown on
your legal presence document will appear on your DL/ID card.
A CaliIornia driver license shows that you have been given permission by the
state to drive on public roadways. You may apply Ior a driver license at most
DMV oIIices (see page ix).
It is a misdemeanor to drive in CaliIornia without a valid driver license. II
you do. you can be cited. your vehicle may be impounded. and you may have
to appear in court.
II you do not have outstanding actions on your record. you will receive a license
aIter you pay the application Iee. pass all applicable examinations. show that
your physical and/or mental condition is satisIactory. and demonstrate your
ability to drive saIely. II you have a medical condition or a disability. DMV
may require you to take a driving test. You may also have to provide a state-
ment Irom your physician regarding your current health condition.
- 1 -
THE CALIFORNIA DRIVER
WHO MUST HAVE A LICENSE?
CaliIornia residents who drive on
public highways or use public park-
ing Iacilities must have a CaliIornia
driver license. unless they are:
· Members oI the Armed Forces or
a United States (U.S.) Govern-
ment civilian employee who only
drives vehicles owned or con-
trolled by the U.S. Government
on Iederal business.
· Persons who drive Iarming ve-
hicles not normally used on public
· Persons who drive registered oII-
highway vehicles or snowmobiles
across a highway (other than a
California Resident Military
Personnel (U.S. Armed Forces)
II you are out-oI-state on active mili-
tary duty and have a valid CaliIornia
driver license. your license will be
valid Ior the Iull time you are absent
Irom CaliIornia and Ior 30 days Iol-
lowing your discharge date. iI you
are honorably discharged outside oI
CaliIornia. Carry both your driver
license and discharge or separation
papers during those 30 days (CVC
Call 1-800-777-0133 to obtain an
Extension oI License Ior Person in
Armed Forces (DL 236) card which
extends your CaliIornia license.
NOTE: Your license is not valid iI
it has been suspended. cancelled or
Military dependents do not qualiIy
Ior this extension.
Nonresident Military Personnel
Stationed in California
II you are 18 years oI age or older. see
the rules Ior 'CaliIornia Residents¨
and 'Adults Visiting CaliIornia.¨
Licensees eligible Ior military exten-
sions should carry documentation
Irom their home state to veriIy their
status to law enIorcement.
When you become a CaliIornia
resident and you want to drive in
CaliIornia. you must apply Ior a
CaliIornia driver license within
10 days. Residency is established
in a variety oI ways. including the
· Being registered to vote in Cali-
· Paying resident tuition at a Cali-
Iornia college or university.
· Filing Ior a home owner`s prop-
erty tax exemption.
· Receiving any other privilege or
beneIit not ordinarily extended to
Adults Visiting California
Visitors over 18 years old with a
valid driver license Irom their home
state or country may drive in Cali-
Iornia without getting a CaliIornia
driver license as long as their home
state license is valid.
- 2 -
Minors Visiting California
Visitors between 16 18 years old
may drive with their home state
license Ior only 10 days aIter ar-
riving in CaliIornia. AIter 10 days.
they must have a:
· Current CaliIornia driver license.
· Nonresident Minor`s CertiIicate
(which is issued by DMV) to a
minor with prooI oI Iinancial
OBTAINING A DRIVER
When you apply Ior an original
DL/ID card. you must present an
acceptable birth date/legal presence
document and provide your social
security number (SSN). Depend-
ing on the birth date/legal presence
document you present. your Iirst
CaliIornia DL/ID card may expire
on the same date as your legal pres-
ence document. II the name on your
birth date/legal presence document
is diIIerent Irom the name on your
DL/ID card application. you must
also bring an acceptable true Iull
name document. Your Iingerprint.
signature. and picture will also be
taken (see page 4). For any other
DL/ID card transaction. you must
present photo identiIication.
An acceptable birth date/legal pres-
ence or true Iull name document is
issued by a county or state. This
document is a certiIied copy oI the
original (the original is retained by
the county or state) and contains
an impressed seal or an original
stamped impression. DMV will not
accept a photocopv oI the certiIied
copy Ior birth date/legal presence or
true Iull name veriIication.
Examples oI other acceptable birth
date/legal presence documents are:
U.S. Birth CertiIicate. ProoI oI In-
dian Blood Degree. U.S. Passport.
U.S. Armed Forces ID Cards. Cer-
tiIicate oI Naturalization. Permanent
Resident Card. or a Ioreign passport
or Mexican Border Crossing Card
with a valid I-94. The I-94 expiration
date must be more than 2 months
Irom the DL/ID card application
date. A complete list oI birth date/
legal presence documents is avail-
able online at www.dmv.ca.gov or
in the Fast Fact brochure Birth Date
and Legal Presence Requirements
Examples oI true Iull name veri-
Iication documents include the
· Adoption documents containing
your legal name as a result oI the
· Name change documents contain-
ing your legal name both beIore
and aIter the name change.
· Marriage CertiIicate.
- 3 -
· A certiIicate. declaration. or
registration document veriIying
the inIormation oI a domestic
· Dissolution oI marriage docu-
ment containing your legal name.
as a result oI the court order.
FOR A BASIC CLASS C DRIVER
To apply Ior a driver license. you
· Submit a completed and signed
DMV Driver or IdentiIication
Card application (DL 44) Iorm.
Signing this Iorm means you
agree to submit to a chemical
test to determine the alcohol or
drug content oI your blood when
requested by a police oIIicer. II
you reIuse to sign this statement.
DMV will not issue a permit or
· Present an acceptable birth date/
legal presence document.
· Provide your true Iull name.
· Provide your SSN. which will be
electronically veriIied with the
Social Security Administration.
· Pay a nonreIundable application
Iee when you apply Ior any new or
change oI class permit or license.
This Iee will not be returned. The
Iee is good Ior 12 months and al-
lows you to take the appropriate
law test(s) three times. II you Iail
the law test and/or drive test three
times your application will be
void. and a new application and
Iee are required. This Iee pays
Ior both the instruction permit
and driver license. iI you qualiIy
Ior both documents within the
12-month period. II the applica-
tion expires. you must resubmit
documents. repay the application
Iee. and retake the required tests.
· Pass a vision test. You must be
able to pass a vision test. with or
without corrective lenses. with
visual acuity better than 20/200
in at least one eye without the
use oI a bioptic telescopic lens or
similar bioptic device to meet the
minimum vision acuity standard.
You are allowed to use a bioptic
lens Ior the behind-the-wheel
road test. A bioptic lens restric-
tion and daytime driving only
restriction will be added to your
· Have your picture taken.
· Give a Iingerprint scan.
· Sign your name.
ADULTS’ PERMIT REQUIREMENTS
II you are at least 18 years old. meet
the application requirements. and
pass the required tests. you may
be issued a CaliIornia instruction
You must have an instruction per-
mit while learning to drive. Your
accompanying driver must be 18
years oI age or older and have a
valid CaliIornia driver license. This
person must be seated close enough
- 4 -
to you that he or she is able to take
control oI the vehicle at any time. An
instruction permit does not permit
you to drive alonenot even to a
DMV oIIice to take the driving test.
II you want to obtain proIessional
driver education and driver training.
reIer to page 16.
II you have a motorcycle permit.
you cannot carry passengers. you
must ride during daylight hours only.
and you cannot ride on the Ireeway.
To get a motorcycle permit you must:
· Be at least 18 years oI age.
· Complete the application require-
· Pass a traIIic laws and road signs
ADULTS’ LICENSE REQUIREMENTS
II you have never been licensed. you
must meet the Iollowing criteria:
· Be at least 18 years old.
· Comply with the requirements Ior
a driving permit. and when you
are ready you must schedule your
behind-the-wheel driving test.
· Make an appointment and bring
your instruction permit with you
to the behind-the-wheel driving
· Pass the behind-the-wheel driving
test. II you Iail the test. you must
pay a retest Iee Ior a second or
subsequent test and schedule a
behind-the-wheel driving test Ior
II you have an out-oI-state or
out-oI-country driver license.
· Complete all the steps required
Ior a permit.
· Bring your valid out-oI-state
driver license to DMV. Your
out-oI-state driver license will
be invalidated and returned to
you unless you are applying Ior
a commercial license.
NOTE: The behind-the-wheel driv-
ing test Ior holders oI out-oI-state or
U.S. territory licenses are normally
waived. However. the department
may require a behind-the-wheel
driving test Ior any type oI driver li-
cense application. Behind-the-wheel
driving tests are mandatory Ior out-
oI-country driver license holders.
This handbook is primarily Ior a
basic Class C driver license.
Class C license -
· You mav drive a.
2-axle vehicle with a Gross Ve-
hicle Weight Rating (GVWR)
oI 26.000 lbs. or less.
3-axle vehicle weighing 6.000
lbs. or less gross.
Housecar 40 Ieet or less.
Vanpool vehicle designed to
carry more than 10 persons.
but no more than 15 persons
including the driver.
- 5 -
NOTE The driver must have a
valid medical certiIication on Iile
with DMV and carry a valid medical
card. The driver must keep in the
vanpool vehicle a statement signed
under penalty oI periury. that he
or she has not been convicted oI
reckless driving. drunk driving. or
hit-and-run in the last Iive years
· You mav tow a.
Single vehicle with a GVWR
oI 10.000 lbs. or less. including
a tow dolly. iI used.
· With a vehicle weighing 4.000 lbs.
or more. unladen. vou mav tow a.
Trailer coach or 5th-wheel
travel trailer under 10.000 lbs.
GVWR when towing is not Ior
5th-wheel travel trailer exceed-
ing 10.000 lbs. but under 15.000
lbs. GVWR. when towing is
not Ior compensation. and with
· A farmer or emplovee of a farmer
Any combination oI vehicles
with a GVWR oI 26.000 lbs.
or less. iI used exclusively in
agricultural operations and it
is not Ior hire or compensation.
· Class C licensees may not tow
more than one vehicle.
· A passenger vehicle. regardless
oI weight. may not tow more than
· No motor vehicle under 4.000
lbs. unladen weight may tow
any vehicle weighing 6.000 lbs.
or more gross. (CVC §21715)
Other classes of driver licenses/
· Noncommercial Class A
· Noncommercial Class B
· Commercial Class A
· Commercial Class B
· Commercial Class C
· Motorcycle Class M1
· Motorcycle Class M2
· Commercial Endorsement for:
· Ambulance Driver CertiIicate
· FireIighter Endorsement
· School Bus Endorsement
· Tow Truck Driver CertiIicate
· VeriIication oI Transit Training
Detailed inIormation on other li-
cense types and endorsements can be
Iound in the California Commercial
Driver Handbook. Recreational
Jehicles and Trailers Handbook.
Ambulance Drivers Handbook.
Parent-Teen Training Guide. and
California Motorcvcle Handbook.
Please reIer to the above handbooks
Ior additional inIormation.
- 6 -
WHERE TO TAKE THE TESTS
You may take the written. vision.
and behind-the-wheel driving tests
at any DMV Iield oIIice which pro-
vides driver license services.
To save time. make an appointment
online: www.dmv.ca.gov or call
1-800-777-0133 during normal
NOTE: DMV will not administer
written or audio exams aIter 4:30
p.m.. to ensure you have suIIicient
time Ior testing.
Written and vision tests are required
when you apply Ior an original driver
license or upgrade to a diIIerent class
oI driver license.
The use oI testing aids is strictly
prohibited. This includes. but is not
limited to: The California Driver
Handbook. cheat sheets. or elec-
tronic communication devices such
as a cell phone. hand-held computer.
etc. II any testing aid(s) are used
during the written test. the written
test will be marked as a 'Iailure.¨
An action may also be taken by
DMV against your driving privilege
or the driving privilege oI anyone
else who assists the applicant in the
Your driver license examinations
· A vision test. (Bring your
eyeglasses or contact lenses to
· A test oI traIIic laws and road
· A behind-the-wheel driving test.
iI required. You must have an
appointment to take the behind-
the-wheel driving test. For the
driving test. bring:
Your old driver license or in-
struction permit. iI you have
A licensed driver age 18 years
or older with a valid driver
ProoI that the vehicle is prop-
A vehicle that is saIe to drive
with valid registration and
displays a Iront and rear license
plate. The vehicle`s brake
lights. horn. parking brake.
and electric signals must work
properly. and the vehicle cannot
have bald tires. The driver`s
side window must roll down.
The windshield must allow a
Iull unobstructed Iield oI vision
and there must be two rear view
mirrors (one on the leIt outside
oI the vehicle).
You will be asked to locate
the controls Ior the vehicle`s
headlights. windshield wip-
ers. deIroster. and emergency
- 7 -
Ilashers. You must demonstrate
how to use the parking brake. II
you use a rental vehicle Ior the
driving test. the driver`s name
must show on the contract as
the insured driver. You must
also wear your seat belt.
NOTE: The behind-the-wheel driv-
ing test will be rescheduled iI the
vehicle does not meet the above
requirements. or iI you reIuse to use
your seat belt during the driving test.
For more inIormation. reIer to the
Fast Facts brochure How to Prepare
for Your Driving Test (FFDL 22) and
sample tests which are available
online at www.dmv.ca.gov.
SPECIAL SECTION -
MINORS’ PERMIT REQUIREMENTS
A minor is a person under 18 years
oI age. Minors must have their
application Ior a driver license. or
any change oI driver license class.
signed by his/her parent(s) or legal
NOTE: Minors may not work
as a driver Ior pay and they may
not drive a school bus containing
To get a permit you must:
· Be at least 15
/2 years oI age. but
under 18 years oI age.
· Complete the Driver License or
IdentiIication Card application
(DL 44) (see pages 4 and 5).
· Have your parent(s) or guardian(s)
sign the DL 44 Iorm.
· Pass a traIIic laws and road signs
test. II you Iail the test. you must
wait one week beIore retaking
· II you are 15
/2 years oI age.
you will need to provide prooI
Completed driver education
(CertiIicate oI Completion oI
Driver Education) OR
Are enrolled and participat-
ing in an approved integrated
driver education/driver train-
ing program. (CertiIicate oI
Enrollment in an Integrated
|Classroom| Driver Education
and Driver Training Program.)
For more inIormation. reIer
to the Fast Fact Provisional
Licensing Changes (FFDL 19)
The provisional permit is not
valid until you start your behind-
the-wheel driver training with an
instructor or reach age 17
II you have a permit and plan to
drive outside oI CaliIornia. check
licensing requirements in that state
NOTE: II you are at least 17
years of age. you may obtain a
permit without completing driver
education or driver training. How-
ever. you cannot get a license beIore
you are 18 years old. or you must
provide prooI oI driver education
and driver training completion.
- 8 -
MINORS’ PERMIT RESTRICTIONS
Your permit is not valid until you
begin driver training; your instruc-
tor will sign the permit to validate
it. You must practice with a licensed
CaliIornia driver: parent. guardian.
driving instructor. spouse. or an adult
25 years oI age or older. The person
must sit close enough to you to take
control oI the vehicle at any time.
A provisional permit does not allow
you to drive alone not even to a
DMV oIIice to take a driving test.
MINORS’ LICENSE REQUIREMENTS
· Be at least 16 years old.
· Prove that you have Iinished
both driver education and driver
· Have had a CaliIornia instruction
permit Ior at least six months.
· Provide parent(s) or guardian(s)
signature(s) on your instruction
permit stating that you have
completed 50 hours oI supervised
driving practice (10 hours must
be night driving) as outlined in
the Parent-Teen Training Guide
(DL 603). Visit the Teen website
at www.dmv.ca.gov/teenweb/ or
call 1-800-777-0133 to request
· Pass the behind-the-wheel driving
test. You have three chances to
pass the test while your permit is
valid. II you Iail the behind-the-
wheel driving test. you must pay
a retest Iee Ior a second or sub-
sequent test and wait two weeks
beIore you are retested.
Once you have your provisional
license. you may drive alone. as long
as you do not have any collisions or
When you become 18 years old. the
'provisional¨ part oI your license
ends. You may keep your provisional
photo license or pay a Iee Ior a
duplicate license without the word
During the Iirst 12 months aIter
you are licensed. you cannot drive
between 11 p.m.and 5 a.m.and you
cannot transport passengers under
20 years oI age. unless you are ac-
companied by a licensed parent or
guardian. a licensed driver 25 years
oI age or older. or a licensed or certi-
Iied driving instructor.
EXCEPTIONS - MINORS LICENSE
The law allows the Iollowing
exceptions when reasonable trans-
portation is not available. and it is
necessary Ior you to drive. A signed
note must be kept in your possession
Ior the Iollowing exceptions. which
explains the necessity to drive and
the date when this driving necessity
will end (emancipated minors are
excluded Irom this requirement):
· Medical necessity to drive when
reasonable transportation alter-
natives are inadequate. The note
must be signed by a physician
with the diagnosis and probable
date oI recovery.
- 9 -
· Schooling or school-authorized
activity. The note must be signed
by the school principal. dean. or
· Employment necessity and the
need to operate a vehicle as part
oI your employment. The note
must be signed by the employer
· The necessity to drive an immedi-
ate Iamily member. A physician`s
note and a note signed by your
parent(s) or legal guardian(s) is
required. stating the reason and
probable end date oI the neces-
sity to drive the immediate Iamily
EXCEPTION: These requirements
do not apply to an emancipated
minor. You must have declared
yourselI emancipated and pro-
vided DMV with ProoI oI Financial
Responsibility (SR1P) in lieu oI
your parent(s) or guarantor(s)
Nearly 50 percent oI the drivers
between 15 19 years oI age are
convicted oI a traIIic violation in
their Iirst year oI driving.
The most common violation is Ior
speeding. which oIten results in the
loss oI vehicle control and accounts
Ior about 50 percent oI all teen traIIic
When you violate traIIic laws. you
increase your chances oI having a
Teenage Traffic Deaths
Drivers 1519 years old have the
highest traIIic conviction. collision.
and iniury rates oI any age group.
TraIIic collisions are the leading
cause oI death Ior teenagers. II you
are under 18 years old. your risk oI
a Iatal collision is about 2
that oI the 'average¨ driver. Your risk
oI an iniury collision is three times
higher than the average driver`s risk.
THE PROVISIONAL LICENSE
Teenagers as a group average twice
as many collisions as adult drivers.
while driving only halI as many
miles. The teenage collision rate per
mile is Iour times greater than the
adult driver collision rate per mile.
Studies show that the traIIic deaths
oI new drivers are deadly combina-
tions oI their inexperience driving.
lack oI Iamiliarity with the vehicle.
and their need to push themselves
and the vehicle to the limit.
Keeping Your Provisional License
The DMV will track your driving re-
cord and take actions based upon any
collisions or violations as Iollows:
· II you get a traIIic ticket and Iail
to appear in court. DMV will
suspend your driving privilege
until you appear in court.
· II you get a traIIic ticket and Iail
to pay the Iine. DMV will suspend
your driving privilege until you
pay the Iine.
- 10 -
Cell phone use on the road...
GET THE PICTURE?
It is illegal and dangerous.
· II you have one 'at Iault¨ col-
lision or conviction within 12
months. DMV will send you a
· II you have a second 'at Iault¨
collision or conviction (or com-
bination oI both) within 12
months. you cannot drive Ior
30 days. unless accompanied
by your licensed parent or other
licensed adult who is at least 25
years oI age.
· II you have a third 'at Iault¨
collision or conviction (or any
combination) within 12 months.
you will be suspended Ior six
months and placed on probation
Ior one year.
· II you have additional 'at Iault¨
collisions or point count convic-
tions while on probation. you will
be suspended again. (TraIIic law
violations resolved in Juvenile
Court are also reported to DMV.)
· II you are convicted oI using
alcohol or a controlled substance
and you are between 13 21 years
oI age. the court orders the DMV
to suspend your driver license
Ior one year. II you do not have
a driver license the court orders
DMV to delay your eligibility to
apply Ior a driver license. You
may also be required to complete
Any restriction. suspension. or pro-
bation will continue Ior its Iull term
past your 18
Other. stronger actions may be taken
iI your driving record iustiIies them.
Remember. iI your driving privilege
has been suspended or revoked. you
may not drive in CaliIornia.
Persons 13 – 18 Years of Age
The court will suspend. restrict. de-
lay. or revoke your driving privilege
Ior one year iI you are convicted oI
being a habitual truant Irom school.
MINORS AND CELL PHONES
· It is against the law Ior a minor
to use a cell phone while driv-
ing. II your cell phone rings. do
not answer the call or respond to
· Convictions Ior violations oI this
law are subiect to Iines.
· Exceptions: You may use a cell
phone to contact law enIorcement.
a health care provider. the Iire
department. or another emergency
entity in an emergency situation.
TO REPLACE A LOST/STOLEN OR
II your driver license is lost. stolen.
or damaged. you must go to a DMV
oIIice and pay a Iee Ior a replacement
license. You should also present
photo identiIication. II DMV cannot
conIirm your identity. you will not
be issued a temporary license.
- 12 -
II you are a minor. your parent(s)
or guardian(s) must sign the DMV
application Iorm (DL 44).
Once a replacement license is issued.
the previous license is no longer
valid. Destroy the old license iI you
Iind it later.
When you legally change your name
because oI marriage or other reasons.
be sure to change your name with
the Social Security Administration
(SSA) beIore coming into DMV.
Bring your driver license to DMV
in person. along with your mar-
riage certiIicate or other acceptable
veriIication oI your 'true Iull name¨
(see page 3). You must complete
the Driver License or IdentiIication
Card application (DL 44) and pay the
applicable Iee. DMV will electroni-
cally veriIy your name. birth date.
and social security number (SSN)
with the SSA.
A new picture. Iingerprint. and
signature will be taken and your old
photo DL/ID card will be invalidated
and returned to you.
The DMV sends a renewal notice
to your address oI record about two
months beIore your driver license
expires. Follow the instructions on
the renewal notice. II you do not
receive a renewal notice. go online or
call to make an appointment to renew
your driver license (see page ix).
QualiIied drivers may be eligible to
renew their license online at DMV`s
website at www.dmv.ca.gov or by
The DMV issues a driver license Ior
Iive years. The license expires on
your birthday in the year shown on
the license. It is against the law to
drive with an expired driver license.
A driving test may be required as
part oI any driver license transac-
tion. Driving tests are not required
simply because oI age.
II DMV cannot conIirm your
identity. you will not be issued a
For other types oI licenses reIer to
the California Commercial Driver
Handbook. Recreational Jehicles
and Trailers Handbook. or Califor-
nia Motorcvcle Handbook.
RENEWAL BY MAIL OR INTERNET
II you have not received two con-
secutive Iive-year driver license
extensions. you may be eligible to
renew by mail. internet or telephone
without taking a law test. iI:
· Your current license expires be-
Iore age 70.
· You do not have a probationary
license (CVC §14250).
· You have not violated a written
promise to appear in court or to
pay a Iine within the last two years.
· You are not suspended Ior driv-
ing with an illegal Blood Alcohol
Concentration (BAC) level. or
reIusing or Iailing to complete a
- 13 -
chemical or preliminary alcohol
screening test within the last two
· You do not have a total violation
point count greater than one point.
NOTE: II you renew by telephone.
you need to have the Renewal Iden-
tiIication Number (RIN).
II you are away Irom CaliIornia (up
to one year). you may request a Iree
one-year extension before your
driver license expires. Limited
term drivers are not eligible Ior
this extension. Mail your request to
DMV. PO Box 942890. Sacramento.
CA 94290-0001. Include your name.
driver license number. birth date.
CaliIornia residence address. and
LICENSE IN YOUR POSSESSION
You must always have your driver
license with you when you drive.
Show it to any police oIIicer who
asks to see it. II you are in a colli-
sion. you must show it to the other
driver(s) involved (see page 69).
When you move. you must give
DMV your new address within
10 days. There is no Iee to change
your address. You may notiIy
DMV oI your address change Ior
your driver license. identiIica-
tion card. and vehicle(s) online at
www.dmv.ca.gov. You may also
download a Change oI Address
(DMV 14) Iorm and mail it to the
address on the Iorm. or call DMV at
1-800-777-0133. and request a
DMV 14 Iorm be mailed to you.
A new driver license is not issued
when you change your address. A
space is provided on the back oI
your driver license or identiIication
card to record your address change.
You may also type or write your new
address on a small piece oI paper.
sign. and date the paper and carry it
(do not use tape or staples) with your
driver license or identiIication card.
II you change your address at a
Iield oIIice. the DMV representative
will give you a Change oI Address
CertiIicate (DL 43) to complete and
carry with your license.
REMINDER: The U.S. Postal
Service does not Iorward DMV
MEDICAL INFORMATION CARD
Call 1-800-777-0133 to obtain a
Iree Medical InIormation Card (DL
390) to list your blood type. aller-
gies. name oI physician. and other
medical inIormation. It can be car-
ried with your DL/ID card.
ORGAN AND TISSUE DONATION
You may sign up to donate your
organs and tissue Ior transplantation
aIter your death. When you apply Ior
or renew your driver license or ID
card. check 'YES! I want to be an
organ and tissue donor¨ to place your
name on the Donate Life California
Organ Tissue Donor Registrv. You
may also Iinancially contribute at
- 14 -
this time. or by visiting the Donate
Life California website.
II you are older than 13. and under
18 years oI age. you may register
with Donate Life California. pro-
vided your parent(s) or guardian(s)
authorize the donation.
For more inIormation about
the donor registry. adding re-
strictions to your giIt. and the
donation process. visit the Do-
nate Life California website at
donateLIFEcalifornia.org. or call
It is against the law to loan your
vehicle to a person who is unlicensed
or whose driving privilege has been
suspended. II an unlicensed person
is caught driving vour vehicle. it
may be impounded Ior 30 days
No person oI any age may drive
on a highway or in a public park-
ing Iacility unless he or she has a
valid driver license or permit. The
law also states that you must not
employ. permit. or authorize any
person to drive your vehicle on a
public street or highway. unless he
or she is licensed to drive that class
A person must be at least 21 years old
to drive most commercial vehicles
Ior hire in interstate commerce and
to transport hazardous materials or
DIPLOMATIC DRIVER LICENSES
Nonresidents who possess a valid
diplomatic driver license issued
by the U.S. Department oI State
are exempt Irom CaliIornia driver
IDENTIFICATION (ID) CARD
DMV issues ID cards to persons oI
any age. To obtain an original ID
card. you must present a birth date/
legal presence veriIication docu-
ment (see page 3) and provide your
social security number (see page 13).
The ID card is valid until the sixth
birthday aIter the issue date. The
Iee Ior an ID card may be reduced.
iI you meet certain income require-
ments Ior speciIic public assistance
NOTE: Governmental or non-proIit
organizations determine whether an
individual meets the requirements
Ior a reduced-Iee ID card.
II you are age 62 or older. you may
obtain a free Senior Citizen ID card
that is good Ior 10 years.
FREE ID CARDS FOR PHYSICAL
AND MENTAL (P&M) CONDITIONS
Drivers with physical or mental
(P&M) conditions may need to be
reexamined Irom time to time by a
physician. or be retested more oIten
than every Iive years by a DMV
examiner to obtain a limited-term
Drivers who are no longer able
to drive saIely because oI a P&M
condition may exchange their
- 15 -
valid driver license Ior a no-Iee ID
card. iI certain guidelines are met.
Go online at www.dmv.ca.gov or
call 1-800-777-0133 Ior additional
When learning to drive. you should
seek qualiIied instruction. either
with an accredited public or private
high school or a state licensed pro-
Iessional driving school.
DMV licenses proIessional schools
and instructors in CaliIornia that
meet rigid qualiIying standards.
Schools must carry liability insur-
ance. hold a bond. and maintain
complete records Ior DMV inspec-
tion. Vehicles are subiect to annual
inspection. Instructors must pass
a written examination every three
years or show prooI oI continuing
education in the traIIic saIety Iield.
II you use the services oI a proIes-
sional driving school. ask to see the
instructor`s identiIication card. Go
online at www.dmv.ca.gov or reIer
to the Iast Iact brochure Selecting a
Driving School (FFDL 33) Ior ad-
MATURE DRIVER PROGRAM
The Mature Driver Program is an
eight-hour course Ior drivers 55 and
older. This course covers a variety
oI topics oI special interest to the
mature driver and is available Irom
DMV approved course providers.
Your insurance company may oIIer
discounts Ior those who complete
the class and receive a completion
certiIicate . The certiIicate is valid
Ior three years and can be renewed
by completing a Iour-hour course.
Pedestrians (including ioggers)
should be aware oI traIIic conditions.
Watch out Ior aggressive drivers
beIore assuming that you have the
right-oI-way when crossing a street.
Be aware that hybrid and electric
vehicles are virtually silent when
running on electric power and you
may not hear them approaching an
Yield the right-oI-way to vehicles.
when you cross a street between
intersections and in areas with no
pedestrian crosswalks or signals.
REMEMBER: Making eye contact
with a driver does not mean that the
driver will yield the right-oI-way.
Do not suddenly leave a curb or other
saIe place and walk or run into the
path oI a vehicle close enough to be
a danger to you. This is true even
though you are in a crosswalk. The
law states that drivers must always
yield the right-oI-way to a pedes-
trianbut iI the driver cannot stop
in time to avoid hitting you the law
will not prevent you Irom being hit.
Always obey traIIic signals. Wheth-
er the intersection has pedestrian
signals or traIIic lights. you must
obey the pedestrian rules (see pages
23-26). At an intersection where
traIIic is not controlled by signals.
drivers are required to yield the
right-oI-way to pedestrians within
any crosswalk. marked or unmarked.
- 16 -
When a signal Iirst changes to green
or 'WALK¨. look leIt. right. and then
leIt again. and yield the right-oI-way
to any vehicle in the intersection
beIore the signal changes.
II the signal begins blinking or
changes to 'DON`T WALK.¨ or
to an upraised hand aIter you have
gone part way across a divided street.
you may continue across the street.
Do not stop or delay traIIic unneces-
sarily while crossing a street.
Pedestrians are not permitted on
any toll bridge or highway cross-
ing. unless there is a sidewalk and
signs stating pedestrian traIIic is
II there are no sidewalks. walk Iac-
ing oncoming traIIic (see graphic).
Do not walk or iog on any Ireeway
where signs tell you that pedestrians
are not allowed. Do not walk or
iog in a bike lane unless there is no
II there are no sidewalks. walk Iac-
ing oncoming traIIic (see graphic).
Do not walk or iog on any Ireeway
where signs tell you that pedestrians
are not allowed. Do not walk or
iob in a bike lane unless there is no
At night. make yourselI more vis-
· Wearing white. light . or reIlective
· Carrying a Ilashlight.
Seat belts. both the lap belt and
shoulder harness. must be in good
working order. You may not operate
your vehicle unless you and all your
passengers six years oI age or older.
or who weigh 60 lbs. or more. are
wearing seat belts. Younger children
must be seated in a Iederally-
approved child passenger restraint
system. You and your passengers
must wear seat belts while your
vehicle is moving on public roads
and on private property. such as
public parking lots. II seat belts are
not worn by any oI your passengers.
you and the passenger(s) mav both
be cited. You will be cited iI a pas-
senger. younger than 16 years oI age.
is not wearing his or her seat belt.
Always use your seat belts (includ-
ing the shoulder harness) even iI the
vehicle is equipped with air bags.
You can have shoulder harnesses
or seat belts installed in older ve-
hicles. Even iI you wear only a lap
belt when driving. your chances oI
living through a collision are twice
as high as someone who does not
wear a lap belt. II you wear a lap and
shoulder belt. your chances are three
to Iour times higher to live through
Pregnant women should wear the lap
belt as low as possible under the ab-
domen. and the shoulder strap should
be placed between the breasts and
to the side oI the abdomen`s bulge.
WARNING: Using seat belts re-
duces the risk oI being thrown Irom
- 17 -
your vehicle in a collision. II you do
not install and use a shoulder harness
with the seat (lap) belt. serious or
Iatal iniuries may happen in some
crashes. Lap-only belts increase
the chance oI spinal column and
abdominal iniuriesespecially in
children. Shoulder harnesses may
be available Ior your vehicle. iI it
is not already equipped with them.
MISTAKEN BELIEFS ABOUT SEAT
Many studies and actual crash tests
have proven saIety belts can reduce
iniuries and deaths. Have you heard
· 'Seat belts can trap you inside
a vehicle.¨ It actually takes less
than a second to take oII a seat
belt. This myth oIten describes a
vehicle that caught Iire or sank in
deep water. A seat belt may keep
you Irom being 'knocked out.¨
ThereIore. your chances to escape
are better iI you are conscious.
· 'Seat belts are good on long
trips. but I don`t need them iI I`m
driving around town.¨ More than
halI oI all traIIic deaths happen
within 25 miles oI home. Do not
take chances with your liIe or the
lives oI your passengers. Buckle
up every time you drive regardless
oI travel distance.
· 'Some people are thrown Irom
a vehicle in a crash and walk
away with hardly a scratch.¨ Your
chances oI surviving a collision
are Iive times better iI. upon im-
pact. you are not thrown Irom the
vehicle. A seat belt can keep you
Irom being thrown into the path
oI another vehicle.
· 'I`m only going to the store. My
little brother or sister doesn`t need
to be secured in a saIety seat.¨
Car collisions are the number
one preventable cause of death
for children. The law requires
that you buckle children into a
Iederally-approved child pas-
senger restraint system.
The Iollowing graphics illustrate
what can happen in a collision. Your
vehicle stops when you collide. but
you keep going at the same speed
you were traveling. until you hit the
dashboard or windshield. At 30 mph
this motion is equivalent to hitting
the ground Irom the top oI a three-
II you are struck Irom the side. the
impact could push you back and
Iorth across the seat. Seat belts and
shoulder harnesses keep you in a
better position to control the vehicle
and may minimize serious iniuries.
- 18 -
CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEM AND
Any child under the age oI six years
and weighing less than 60 lbs.. must
be secured in a Iederally-approved
child passenger restraint system and
ride in the back seat oI a vehicle.
Proper child passenger restraint
system installation can be checked
by contacting local law enIorcement
agencies or Iire departments. that
may provide this service or reIer
you to a Child Passenger SaIety
(CPS) Technician in your area. As
your child grows. check with these
agencies to conIirm that the car seat
is the correct size Ior your child.
A child under the age oI six years.
and weighing less than 60 lbs. may
ride in the Iront seat oI a vehicle only
in the Iollowing instances :
· There is no rear seat or the rear
seats are either side-Iacing iump
seats or rear-Iacing seats.
· The child passenger restraint sys-
tem cannot be properly installed
in the rear seat.
· All rear seats are already occupied
by children under the age oI 12
· A medical reason requires the
child to ride in the Iront seat.
A child may not ride in the Iront
seat oI an airbag-equipped vehicle
iI the child:
· Is less than one year oI age.
· Weighs less than 20 lbs.
· Is riding in a rear-Iacing child
passenger restraint system.
Children ages six years and older.
but less than 16 years. and children
under age six years. who weigh
more than 60 lbs.. must be properly
secured in an appropriate child pas-
senger restraint system or saIety
belt which meets Iederal saIety
RIDING SAFELY WITH AIR BAGS
Most people can take steps to elimi-
nate or reduce air bag risk without
turning oII air bags. The biggest
risk is being too close to the air bag.
An air bag needs about 10 inches
oI space to inIlate. Ride at least 10
inches (measured Irom the center oI
the steering wheel to your breast-
bone) Irom the air bag cover. iI you
can do this while maintaining Iull
control oI the vehicle. II you cannot
saIely sit 10 inches away Irom the
air bag. contact your vehicle dealer
or manuIacturer Ior advice about
additional ways oI moving back
Irom your air bag.
Passengers should also sit at least
10 inches away Irom the passenger-
side air bag.
SIDE-IMPACT AIR BAGS
Side-impact air bags can provide
extra saIety beneIits to adults in
side-impact crashes. However. chil-
dren who are seated next to a side
air bag may be at risk oI serious or
Iatal iniury. Since side air bags are
diIIerent in design and perIormance.
you should consider the beneIits and
- 19 -
risks associated with the use oI side
air bags iI you transport children.
Studies have shown that children
who are leaning against a side air bag
when it inIlates are at risk oI serious
iniury. These studies also show that
children who are traveling in a cor-
rectlv installed child restraint svstem
appropriate to age and weight are
not at risk oI serious iniury. These
children are usually not in the path
oI a side air bag when it inIlates.
UNATTENDED CHILDREN IN
It is illegal to leave a child six years
oI age or younger unattended in a
motor vehicle. Be aware iI:
· Weather conditions or other con-
ditions present a signiIicant risk
to the child`s health or saIety.
Example: Leaving a child in a
closed vehicle on a very hot day.
· The vehicle`s engine is running.
keys are in the ignition. or both.
Children may start or move the
vehicle causing iniuries and/or
deaths to themselves or others.
EXCEPTION: The child may be
leIt under the supervision oI a person
12 years oI age or older.
The court may Iine a violator and
require him or her to attend a com-
munity education program. Also.
DMV and court penalties Ior leaving
an unattended child in a vehicle are
more severe iI the child is iniured.
requires emergency medical ser-
vices. or dies.
TRAFFIC SIGNAL LIGHTS
Solid Red-A red signal
light means 'STOP.¨ You
can make a right turn
against a red light aIter you stop then
yield to pedestrians. bicyclists. and
vehicles close enough to be a hazard.
Make the right turn only when it is
saIe. Do not turn iI a 'NO TURN
ON RED¨ sign is posted.
Red Arrow-A red arrow
means 'STOP.¨ Remain
stopped until the green
signal or green arrow appears. Do
not turn against a red arrow.
Flashing Red-A Ilashing
red signal light means
'STOP.¨ AIter stopping.
you may proceed when it is saIe.
Observe the right-oI-way rules.
Solid Yellow-A yellow
s i gna l l i ght me a ns
'CAUTION.¨ The red signal
is about to appear. When you see
the yellow light. stop iI you can do
so saIely. II you cannot stop saIely.
cross the intersection cautiously.
Yellow Arrow-A yellow
arrow means the 'pro-
tected¨ turning time period
is ending. Be prepared to obey the
next signal. which could be the green
or red light or the red arrow.
Flashing Yellow-A Ilash-
ing yellow signal light
warns you to 'PROCEED
WITH CAUTION.¨ You do not need
- 20 -
to stop Ior a Ilashing yellow light.
but you must slow down and be
especially alert beIore entering the
Fl a s h i n g Ye l l o w
Arrow-Thi s si gnal
means turns are permitted
(unprotected). but you
must Iirst yield to oncoming traIIic
and pedestrians and then proceed
Solid Green-Give the
right-oI-way to any vehi-
cle. bicyclist. or pedestrian
in the intersection. A green light
means 'GO.¨ II you are turning leIt.
make the turn only iI you have
enough space to complete the turn
beIore creating a hazard Ior any
oncoming vehicle. bicyclist. or
pedestrian. Do not enter the intersec-
tion iI you cannot get completely
across beIore the light turns red. II
you block the intersection. you can
Green Arrow-A green
arrow means 'GO.¨ You
must turn in the direction
the arrow is pointing aIter you
yield to any vehicle. bicyclist. or
pedestrian still in the intersection.
The green arrow allows you to
make a 'protected¨ turn. Oncoming
vehicles. bicyclists. and pedestrians
are stopped by a red light as long as
the green arrow is lighted.
Traffic Signal Blackout-II a traIIic
signal light is not working. proceed
cautiously. as iI the intersection
is controlled by a stop sign in all
PEDESTRIAN SIGNAL LIGHTS
Pedestrian signals show words or
pictures similar to the Iollowing
~Walk¨ or ~Walking
Person¨ lights mean it is
legal to cross the street.
~Don` t Wal k¨ or
~Raised Hand¨ lights
mean you may not start crossing
Flashing ~Don`t Walk¨
or Flashing ~Raised
Hand¨ lights mean do
not start crossing the street
because the traIIic signal is about to
change. II the Ilashing starts aIter
you have already started to cross.
Iinish crossing the street as quickly
Countdown signals indicate how
many seconds remain Ior crossing.
and allows pedestrians the Ilexibility
to speed up iI the crossing phase is
about to expire.
Some signals may provide a beep-
ing or chirping sound or a verbal
message. These signals are designed
to help blind or visually impaired
pedestrians cross the street.
At many traIIic signals. you need
to push the pedestrian push button
to activate the ~Walk¨ or ~Walk-
ing Person¨ signal. II there are no
pedestrian signals. obey the traIIic
- 21 -
The shape and color oI a sign oIIers
you a clue about the inIormation
contained on the sign. Here are the
common shapes used:
An eight-sided red S1OP
sign indicates that you must
make a Iull 'STOP¨ when-
ever you see a STOP sign. Stop
beIore entering a crosswalk or at a
white limit line. which is a wide
white line painted on the street. II a
crosswalk or limit line is not painted
on the street. stop at the corner.
A three-sided red YIELD
sign indicates that you
must slow down and be
ready to stop. iI necessary. to let any
vehicle. bicyclist. or pedestrian pass
beIore you proceed.
A square red and white
regulatorv sign indi-
cates that you must
Iollow the sign`s instruc-
tion. For example. the
DO NOT ENTER sign
means: do not enter a
road or oII ramp where the sign is
posted. which is usually on a Ireeway
oII ramp. The WRONG WAY sign
may or may not be posted with the
DO NOT ENTER sign. II you see
one or both oI these signs. drive to
the side oI the road and stop. You
are going against traIIic. When saIe.
back out or turn around and return
to the road you were on. At night iI
you are going the wrong way. the
road reIlectors will shine red in your
II a sign has a red circle with
a red line through it. it al-
ways indicates 'NO.¨ The
picture inside the circle shows what
you cannot do. The sign may be
shown with or without words.
A vellow and black circular
sign indicates that you are
approaching a railroad
X-shaped signs with a white
background that state
indicate that you must slow down
and be ready to stop. iI necessary.
to let any trains pass beIore you
A five-sided sign indicates
that you are near a school.
Stop iI children are in the
A four-sided diamond-shaped sign
warns you oI speciIic road condi-
tions and dangers ahead. Many
warning signs are diamond-shaped.
A white rectangular sign indicates
that you must obey important rules.
Some warning signs have a Ilo-
rescent yellow-green background.
These signs warn oI conditions
related to pedestrians. bicyclists.
schools. playgrounds. school buses.
and school passenger loading zones.
Obey all warning signs regardless
oI their shape (see pages 24 and 25
- 22 -
LAWS AND RULES
OF THE ROAD
Right-oI-way rules. together with
courtesy and common sense. help to
promote traIIic saIety. It is important
to respect the right-oI-way oI others.
especially pedestrians. motorcycle
riders. and bicycle riders. Never
assume other drivers will give you
Respecting the right-oI-way oI
others is not limited to situations
such as yielding to pedestrians in
crosswalks. or watching careIully
to ensure the right-oI-way oI bicy-
clists and motorcyclists. Motorists
must respect the right-oI-way oI
others by not violating traIIic laws.
such as Iailing to stop at a stop sign
or traIIic light. speeding. making
unsaIe lane changes. or illegal turns.
Statistics show that right-oI-way
violations cause a high percentage
oI iniury collisions in CaliIornia.
Pedestrian saIety is a serious issue.
A pedestrian is a person on Ioot or
who uses a conveyance such as roller
skates. skateboard. etc.. other than
a bicycle. A pedestrian can also be
a person with a disability using a
tricycle. quadricycle. or wheelchair
Pedestrian deaths occur in 17 percent
oI all traIIic Iatalities. Drive cau-
tiously when pedestrians are near
because they may suddenly cross
Pedestrians may be at risk walking
near hybrid and electric vehicles.
because these vehicles are virtually
silent while operating. Use extra cau-
tion when driving near pedestrians.
· Respect the right-oI-way oI
pedestrians. Always stop Ior any
pedestrian crossing at corners
or other crosswalks. even iI the
crosswalk is in the middle oI the
block. at corners with or without
traIIic lights. whether or not the
crosswalks are marked by painted
· Do not pass a vehicle that has
stopped at a crosswalk. A pe-
destrian you cannot see may be
crossing the street.
· Do not drive on a sidewalk. ex-
cept to cross it to enter or exit a
driveway or alley. When crossing.
yield to all pedestrians.
· Do not stop in a crosswalk.
You will place pedestrians in
· Remember. iI a pedestrian makes
eye contact with you. he or she is
ready to cross the street. Yield to
· Allow older pedestrians. disabled
pedestrians and pedestrians with
young children suIIicient time to
cross the street.
· Important: Blind pedestrians
rely on the sound oI your vehicle
to become aware oI your vehicle`s
presence; so it is important that
- 23 -
- 78 -
Red and White Regulatory Signs
Highway Construction and Maintenance Signs
Hazardous Loads Placards
White Regulatory Signs
Slow Moving Vehicle
No U-turn No LeIt Turn No Right Turn
- 24 -
- 79 -
Crossroad Added Lane
- 25 -
you stop your vehicle within 5
Ieet oI the crosswalk. Drivers oI
hybrid or electric vehicles must
remain especially aware that the
lack oI engine noise may cause a
blind pedestrian to assume there
is not a vehicle nearby. Follow
When a blind person pulls in
his or her cane and steps away
Irom the intersection. this
gesture usually means Ior you
to go (additional inIormation
regarding blind pedestrians can
be Iound on pages 62 and 63).
A crosswalk is the part oI the
roadway set aside Ior pedestrian
traIIic. Most intersections have a
pedestrian crosswalk whether or not
lines are painted on the street. Most
crosswalks are located at corners.
but they can also be located in the
middle oI the block. BeIore turning
a corner. watch Ior people about to
cross the street. Pedestrians have
the right-of-way in crosswalks.
Crosswalks are oIten marked with
white lines. Yellow crosswalk lines
may be painted at school crossings.
Most oIten. crosswalks in residential
areas are not marked.
Some crosswalks have Ilashing
lights to warn you that pedestrians
may be crossing. Look Ior pe-
destrians and be prepared to stop.
whether or not the lights are Ilashing.
An intersection is any place where
one line oI roadway meets another
roadway. Intersections include cross
streets. side streets. alleys. Ireeway
entrances. and any other location
where vehicles traveling on diIIerent
highways or roads ioin each other.
Driving through an intersection
is one oI the most complex traI-
Iic situations motorists encounter.
Intersection collisions account Ior
more than 45 percent oI all reported
crashes and 21 percent oI Iatalities
according to the Federal Highway
· At intersections without 'STOP¨
or 'YIELD¨ signs. slow down and
be ready to stop. Yield to traIIic
and pedestrians already in the
intersection or iust entering the
intersection. Also. yield to the
vehicle or bicycle which arrives
Iirst. or to the vehicle or bicycle
on your right iI it reaches the in-
tersection at the same time as you.
· At 'T¨ intersections without
'STOP¨ or 'YIELD¨ signs. yield
to traIIic and pedestrians on the
through road. They have the
· When you turn leIt. give the right-
oI-way to all vehicles approaching
that are close enough to be danger-
ous. Also. look Ior motorcyclists.
bicyclists. and pedestrians. When
you turn right. be sure to check Ior
pedestrians crossing the street and
bicyclists coming up behind you
on the right. On divided. highways
- 26 -
or highways with several lanes.
watch Ior vehicles coming in any
lane you cross. Turn either leIt or
right only when it is saIe.
· When there are 'STOP¨ signs at
all corners. stop Iirst then Iollow
the above rules.
· II you have parked oII the road
or are leaving a parking lot. etc..
yield to traIIic beIore reentering
Safetv suggestion: While waiting
to turn leIt. keep your wheels
pointed straight ahead until it
is saIe to start your turn. II your
wheels are pointed to the leIt. and
a vehicle hits you Irom behind.
you could be pushed into oncom-
A roundabout is an intersection
where traIIic travels around a central
island in a counter-clockwise direc-
tion. Vehicles entering or exiting the
roundabout must yield to all traIIic
Multiple and single lane roundabout
When you approach a roundabout:
· Slow down as you approach the
· Yield to pedestrians and bicyclists
crossing the roadway.
· Watch Ior signs and/or pavement
markings that guide you or pro-
hibit certain movements.
· Enter the roundabout when there
is a big enough gap in traIIic.
· Drive in a counter-clockwise
direction. Do not stop or pass
· Use your turn signals when you
change lanes or exit the round-
· II you miss your exit. continue
around until you return to your
For roundabouts with multiple
lanes. choose your entry or exit lane
based on your destination as shown
in the graphic. For example. to:
· Turn right at the intersection.
choose the right-hand lane and
exit in the right-hand lane (blue
· Go straight through the intersec-
tion. choose either lane. and exit
in the lane you entered (red car).
· Turn leIt. choose the leIt lane. and
exit (yellow car).
On Mountain Roads
When two vehicles meet on a steep
road where neither vehicle can pass.
the vehicle Iacing downhill must
yield the right-oI-way. by backing
up until the vehicle going uphill can
- 27 -
pass. The vehicle Iacing downhill
has the greater amount oI control
when backing up the hill.
CaliIornia has a 'Basic Speed Law.¨
This law means that you may never
drive Iaster than is saIe Ior current
conditions. For example. iI you are
driving 45 mph in a 55 mph speed
zone during a dense Iog. you could
be cited Ior driving 'too Iast Ior
conditions.¨ You may never legally
drive Iaster than the posted speed
limit. even iI you think it is saIe.
Regardless oI the posted speed limit.
your speed should depend on:
· The number and speed oI other
vehicles on the road.
· Whether the road surIace is
smooth. rough. graveled. wet.
dry. wide. or narrow.
· Bicyclists or pedestrians walking
on the road`s edge or crossing
· Whether it is raining. Ioggy. snow-
ing. windy. or dusty.
MAXIMUM SPEED LIMIT
The maximum speed limit on most
CaliIornia highways is 65 mph. You
may drive 70 mph where posted. Un-
less otherwise posted. the maximum
speed limit is 55 mph on two-lane
undivided highways and Ior vehicles
Other speed limit signs are posted
Ior the type oI roads and traIIic
in each area. All speed limits are
based on ideal driving conditions.
Construction zones usually have
reduced speed zones.
Driving Iaster than the posted speed
limit. or driving Iaster than saIe Ior
current conditions on any road is
dangerous and illegal. High speed
increases your stopping distance.
The Iaster you go. the less time you
have to avoid a hazard or collision.
The Iorce oI a 60 mph crash is not
iust twice as great as a 30 mph crash.
it`s Iour times as great!
Heavy Traffic or Bad Weather
You must drive slower when there
is heavy traIIic or bad weather.
However. iI you block the normal
and reasonable movement oI traI-
Iic by driving too slowly. you may
be given a ticket. II you choose to
drive slower than other traIIic. do
not drive in the 'Number 1¨ (Iast)
lane (see page 31). When traveling
below the speed limit always move
to the right when another driver is
close behind you and wishes to drive
Iaster. unless you are already in the
extreme right lane.
Towing Vehicles, Buses, or Large
When you tow a vehicle or trailer.
or drive a bus or three or more axle
truck. you must drive in the right
hand lane or in a lane specially
marked Ior slower vehicles. II no
lanes are marked and there are four
lanes or more in your direction. you
may only drive in either oI the two
lanes closest to the right edge oI
- 28 -
When driving within 500 to 1.000
Ieet oI a school while children
are outside or crossing the street.
the speed limit is 25 mph unless
otherwise posted. Also. iI the school
grounds have no Ience and children
are outside. never drive Iaster than
25 mph. Some school zones may
have speed limits as low as 15 mph.
Always drive more careIully near
schools. playgrounds. parks. and
residential areas because children
may suddenly dart into the street.
Also. many children have not yet
developed the ability to iudge
speeds and distances well enough
to cross streets saIely when cars are
All vehicles must stop
Near schools. look Ior:
· Bicyclists and pedestrians.
· School saIety patrols or school
crossing guards. Be sure to obey
their directions. For the crossing
guard`s saIety. allow him or her to
saIely get to the side oI the road
beIore driving ahead.
· Stopped school buses and children
crossing the street. Some school
buses Ilash yellow lights when
preparing to stop to let children
oII the bus. The yellow Ilashing
lights warn you to slow down
and prepare to stop. When the
bus Ilashes red lights (located at
the top Iront and back oI the bus).
you must stop Irom either direc-
tion until the children are saIely
across the street and the lights stop
Ilashing. The law requires you
remain stopped as long as the red
lights are Ilashing (CVC §22454).
II you Iail to stop. you may be
Iined up to $1.000. and your driv-
ing privilege could be suspended
Ior one year. II the school bus is
on the other side oI a divided or
multilane highway (two or more
lanes in each direction). you do
not need to stop.
The speed limit Ior a blind intersec-
tion is 15 mph. An intersection is
considered 'blind¨ iI there are no
stop signs at any corner and you
cannot see Ior 100 Ieet in either di-
rection during the last 100 Ieet beIore
crossing. Trees. bushes. buildings.
or parked cars at intersections can
block your view to the side. II your
view is blocked. edge Iorward
slowly until you can see.
The speed limit in any alley is 15
Near Railroad Tracks
The speed limit is 15 mph within
100 Ieet oI a railroad crossing where
you cannot see the tracks Ior 400 Ieet
- 29 -
in both directions. You may drive
Iaster than 15 mph iI the crossing
is controlled by gates. a warning
signal. or a Ilag man.
At railroad or train crossings:
· Look in both directions and listen
Ior trains. Many crossings have
multiple tracks. so be ready to
stop beIore crossing. iI neces-
sary. Cross railroad tracks only
at designated crossings and only
when it is saIe to do so.
· Expect a train on any track at any
time traveling in either direction.
II you need to stop aIter crossing
the tracks. make sure your vehicle
clears the tracks beIore you stop.
· Never stop on the railroad tracks.
Remember that a train cannot stop
quickly or swerve out oI the way.
II you are on the tracks you risk
iniury or death.
· Watch Ior vehicles that must stop
beIore they cross train tracks.
These vehicles include buses.
school buses. and trucks trans-
porting hazardous loads.
· Remember that Ilashing red lights
mean STOP! Stop at least 15 Ieet.
but not more than 50 Ieet. Irom
the nearest track when the cross-
ing devices are active or a person
warns you a train is coming. Stop
iI you see a train coming or you
hear the whistle. horn. or bell oI
an approaching train.
· Do not go under lowering gates
or around lowered gates. Flashing
red lights indicate you must stop
and wait. Do not proceed over the
crossing until the red lights stop
Ilashing. even iI the gate rises. II
the gates are lowered and you do
not see a train approaching. call
the posted railroad emergency
toll-Iree number or 9-1-1. Be
ready to give a detailed descrip-
tion oI your location.
Light Rail Transit Vehicle
The same rules apply to light rail
transit vehicle crossings as to Ireight
train crossings. Do not proceed
across the tracks until you can see
clearly in both directions and are sure
there are no light rail transit vehicles
or trains coming. Do not go around
or under any lowered gate.
NOTE: Light rail transit vehicles
are very quiet and accelerate more
quickly than Ireight trains.
Near Streetcars, Trolleys, or
The passing speed limit. when saIe
to pass. is no more than 10 mph. This
speed limit applies at a saIety zone
or an intersection where a streetcar.
- 30 -
trolley. or bus is stopped and traIIic
is controlled by a police oIIicer or
traIIic signal. A saIety zone is marked
by raised buttons or markers on the
road and is set aside Ior pedestrians.
You will most oIten see saIety zones
in areas where street cars or trolleys
and vehicles share the roadway.
Business or Residential Districts
The speed limit is 25 mph. unless
II you see animals or livestock. slow
down and Iollow directions Irom the
person in charge oI the animals. II
you see a stray animal in your path.
slow down or stop. iI it is saIe.
(1) Solid yellow line: No passing if
solid yellow line is on your side.
(2) Double solid lines: DO NOT pass.
(3) Broken yellow line: May pass if
movement can be made safely.
Examples oI lane markings
Solid yellow lines mark the center
oI a road used Ior two-way traIIic.
Broken yellow lines indicate that
you may pass iI the broken line is
next to your driving lane.
Two solid yellow lines indicate no
passing. Never drive to the leIt oI
these lines unless you are:
· Turning leIt at an intersection.
· Turning into or out oI a private
road or driveway.
· In a carpool lane that has a desig-
nated entrance on the leIt.
· Instructed by construction or other
signs to drive on the other side oI
the road because your side oI the
road is closed or blocked.
Two sets of solid double yellow
lines spaced two or more feet apart
are considered a barrier. Do not drive
on or over this barrier or make a leIt
turn or a U-turn across it except at
designated openings (see diagram).
Solid white lines mark traIIic lanes
going in the same direction. such as
Broken white lines separate traIIic
lanes on roads with two or more
lanes in the same direction.
CHOOSING A LANE
TraIIic lanes are oIten reIerred to
by number. The leIt or 'Iast¨ lane
is called the 'Number 1 Lane.¨ The
lane to the right oI the 'Number
1 Lane¨ is called the 'Number 2
Lane.¨ then the 'Number 3 Lane.¨
- 31 -
Example of numbered traffic lanes
Drive in the lane with the smoothest
Ilow oI traIIic. II you can choose
among three lanes. pick the middle
lane Ior the smoothest driving. To
drive Iaster. pass. or turn leIt. use
the leIt lane. When you choose to
drive slowly or enter or turn oII the
road. use the right lane.
II there are only two lanes in your
direction. pick the right lane Ior the
Do not weave in and out oI traIIic.
Stay in one lane as much as possible.
Once you start through an intersec-
tion. keep going. II you start to make
a turn. Iollow through. Last minute
changes may cause collisions. II
you miss a turn. continue until you
can saIely and legally turn around.
Changing lanes includes:
· Moving Irom one lane to another.
· Entering the Ireeway Irom an
· Entering the road Irom a curb or
BeIore changing lanes. signal. look
in all your mirrors. and:
· Check traIIic behind and beside
· Glance over your leIt or right
shoulder to make sure the lane
you want is clear.
· Look Ior all vehicles. motorcy-
clists. and bicycle traIIic in your
· Be sure there is enough room Ior
your vehicle in the next lane.
BeIore you pass. look ahead Ior
road conditions and traIIic that may
cause other vehicles to move into
Never drive oII the paved or main-
traveled portion oI the road or on
the shoulder to pass. The edge oI
the main-traveled portion oI the
road may have a painted white
line on the road`s surIace. Passing
other vehicles at crossroads. railroad
crossings. and shopping center en-
trances is dangerous.
Pass traIIic on the leIt. You may pass
on the right only when:
· An open highway is clearly
marked Ior two or more lanes oI
travel in your direction.
· The driver ahead oI you is turning
leIt and you do not drive oII the
roadway to pass. Never pass on
the leIt. iI the driver is signaling
a leIt turn.
- 32 -
THE ROAD MOST TRAVELED
Consider Car or Van Pooling
and Buddy Up!
VEHICLES (HOV) LANES
A carpool lane is a special Ireeway
lane used only Ior carpools. buses.
motorcycles. or decaled low-emis-
sion vehicles. You may use a carpool
lane or on-ramp iI your vehicle car-
ries the posted minimum number oI
people required Ior the carpool lane.
or you drive a low-emission vehicle
displaying a special DMV-issued
decal. Motorcycle riders may use
designated carpool lanes. unless
Signs at the on-ramp or along the
Ireeway tell you the minimum num-
ber oI people per vehicle required
Ior the carpool lane(s). These signs
also list the days oI the week and the
hours when the carpool requirement
applies. The pavement in this lane
is marked with a diamond symbol
and the words 'Carpool Lane.¨
These lanes are also known as high-
occupancy vehicle (HOV) lanes. Do
not cross over double parallel solid
lines to enter or exit any carpool
lane except at designated entry or
Vehicles towing trailers are typi-
cally not allowed to use carpool
lanes. because they must drive more
slowly and are usually restricted to
the right-hand lane.
CENTER LEFT TURN LANES
A center leIt turn lane is located in
the middle oI a two-way street and is
marked on both sides by two painted
lines. The inner line is broken and
the outer line is solid. II a street has
a center leIt turn lane. you must use
it when you turn leIt (CVC §21460.5
(c)) or start a permitted U-turn. You
may only drive Ior 200 Ieet in the
center leIt turn lane. This lane is not
a regular traIIic lane or a passing
lane. To turn leIt Irom this lane.
signal. look over your shoulder. and
drive completely inside the center
leIt turn lane. Do not stop with the
back oI your vehicle blocking traIIic.
Make sure the lane is clear in both
directions and then turn only when
it is saIe. Look Ior vehicles coming
toward you in the same lane. prepar-
ing to start their leIt turn.
When turning leIt Irom a side street
or driveway. signal and wait until it
is saIe. Then you may drive into the
center leIt turn lane. Enter traIIic
only when it is saIe.
- 34 -
You may drive across a center leIt
turn lane to turn leIt or to turn into
TURNOUT AREAS AND LANES
Special 'turnout¨ areas
are sometimes marked
on two-lane roads. Drive
into these areas to allow
cars behind you to pass.
Some two-lane roads have passing
lanes. II you are driving slowly on
a two-lane highway or road where
passing is unsaIe. and Iive or more
vehicles are Iollowing you. drive
into the turnout areas or lanes to let
the vehicles pass.
Freeway lanes. as well as some city
street lanes. which are ending will
usually be marked by large broken
lines painted on the pavement. II
you are driving in a lane marked
with these broken lines. be prepared
to exit the Ireeway or Ior the lane to
end. Look Ior a sign that tells you
to exit or merge. etc.
A bicycle lane is a designated traffic
lane Ior bicyclists. marked by a solid
white line. typically breaking into a
dotted line at the corner. DiIIerent
Irom a simple white line showing
the edge oI the road. a bicycle lane
Iollows speciIic width requirements
and is clearly marked as a bike lane.
SHARED ROADWAY BICYCLE
Sharrows are used to remind motor-
ists that bicyclists are allowed to
lawIully use this portion oI a lane.
Sharrows are used to assist bicy-
clists with positioning on a shared
roadway. It also alerts motorists oI
the location a bicyclist may occupy
within the traveled roadway.
· Treat a bicycle lane the same as
other traIIic lanes.
· Do not turn into the lane iI there is
a bicyclist in the bike lane. Yield
to oncoming traIIic.
· Do not obstruct bicycle traIIic by
reducing the width required Ior
saIe bicycle passage. typically
three to Iour Ieet.
When you are making a right turn
and are within 200 Ieet oI the corner
or other driveway entrance. you must
enter the bicycle lane only aIter en-
suring there is no bicycle traIIic.
and then make the turn. Do not
drive in the bicycle lane at any
- 35 -
You may park in a bicycle lane
iI your vehicle does not block a
bicyclist and/or there is not a 'No
Parking¨ sign posted.
Drivers oI motorized bicycles
should use bicycle lanes careIully
to avoid collisions with bicyclists.
When passing a bicyclist in the
travel lane ensure enough width Ior
the bicyclist. typically 3 Ieet. Do
not squeeze a bicyclist oII the road.
Bicyclists may occupy the center oI
the lane when conditions such as a
narrow lane or road hazard make it
unsaIe to ride in a position that may
provide room Ior a vehicle to pass.
With any slow-moving vehicle.
drivers should Iollow at a saIe dis-
tance. When it is saIe the bicyclists
should move to a position that allows
vehicles to pass. Remember. bicy-
clists are entitled to share the road
with other drivers.
Bicyclists have the same rights
and responsibilities as vehicle and
Respect the right-
oI-way oI bicyclists
because they are en-
titled to share the road
with other drivers. Here
are some critical points
Ior drivers and bicy-
clists to remember:
Motor vehicle drivers must:
· Pass a bicyclist as you would a
slow moving vehicle. Allow suI-
Iicent clearance. and ample room
Ior movement and unexpected
road conditions. Change lanes
and pass with caution only when
it is saIe.
· Always look careIully Ior bicy-
clists beIore opening doors next to
moving traIIic or beIore turning.
· Allow bicyclists enough room to
avoid colliding with vehicle doors
that are opened into traIIic.
· Merge toward the curb or into
the bike lane only when it is saIe.
· Not try to pass a bicyclist iust be-
Iore making a turn. Merge saIely
where it is allowed. then turn.
· Not drive in a bike lane un-
less initiating a turn at an
intersection or driveway. and not
more than 200 Ieet in advance.
· Make a visual check Ior bicyclists
when changing lanes or entering
traIIic. Bicycles are small and may
be hidden in a vehicle`s blind spot.
· Be careIul when approaching or
passing a bicyclist on a two lane
highway or Ireeway.
Left turnsTo make a leIt turn.
drive close to the center divider
line or into the leIt turn lane. Begin
signaling about 100 Ieet beIore the
turn. Look over your leIt shoulder
and reduce your speed. Stop behind
the limit line. Look leIt. then right.
then leIt again. and make the turn
when it is saIe. When you turn leIt.
do not turn too soon and 'cut the
corner¨ oI the lane belonging to the
vehicles coming towards you.
- 36 -
Example of a left turn
Safety suggestion: While waiting to
turn leIt. keep your wheels pointed
straight ahead until it is saIe to start
your turn. II your wheels are pointed
to the leIt and a vehicle hits you
Irom behind. you could be pushed
into oncoming traIIic.
A leIt turn against a red light can
only be made Irom a one-way street
onto a one way street. Signal and stop
Ior a red traIIic light at the limit line
or corner. You may turn leIt into a
leIt-moving. one-way street iI there
is no sign to prohibit the turn. Yield
to pedestrians. bicyclists. or other
vehicles moving on their green light.
Right turns-To make a right turn.
drive close to the right edge oI the
road. II there is a bike lane. drive
into the bike lane no more than 200
Ieet beIore the turn. Watch Ior bicy-
clists or motorcyclists who may get
between your vehicle and the curb.
Begin signaling about 100 Ieet be-
Iore the turn. Look over your right
shoulder and reduce your speed.
Stop behind the limit line. Look
both ways and turn when it is saIe.
Do not turn wide into another lane.
Complete your turn in the right lane.
Example of a right turn
Right turn against a red light-Sig-
nal and stop Ior a red traIIic light at
the limit line or at the corner. II there
is no sign to prohibit the turn. you
may turn right. Yield to pedestrians.
motorcyclists. bicyclists. or other
vehicles moving on their green light.
No turn against a red arrow-You
may not turn right or leIt against a
EXAMPLES OF RIGHT AND LEFT
The numbers on the cars in the
diagrams reIer to the numbered
sentences on these pages. Always
use your turn signals.
1. Left turn from a two-wav street.
Start the turn in the leIt lane
closest to the middle oI the
street. Complete the turn. iI
saIe. in either lane oI the cross
street (shown by arrows). Use
the center leIt turn lane iI one
is available. A leIt turn may be
made Irom the other lane. iI
permitted by signs or arrows.
2. Right turn. Begin and end the
turn in the lane nearest the right-
hand curb. Do not swing wide
into another lane oI traIIic. Watch
Ior pedestrians. motorcyclists.
- 37 -
and bicyclists between your ve-
hicle and the curb. Sometimes.
signs or pavement markings will
let you turn right Irom another
lane as shown by the graphic
3. Left turn from a two-wav street
into a one-wav street. Start the
turn Irom the lane closest to the
middle oI the street. Turn into
any lane that is saIely open. as
shown by the arrows.
4. Left turn from a one-wav street
into a two-wav street. Start the
turn Irom the Iar leIt lane. Turn
into either oI the lanes that are
saIely open. as shown by the
5. Left turn from a one-wav street
into a one-wav street. Start the
turn Irom the Iar leIt lane. Watch
Ior pedestrians. motorcyclists.
and bicyclists between your ve-
hicle and the curb because they
can legally use the leIt turn lane
Ior their leIt turns. Turn into any
lane that is saIely open. as shown
by the arrows.
6. Right turn from a one-wav street
into a one-wav street. Start the
turn in the Iar right lane. II saIe.
you may end the turn in any lane.
Sometimes. signs or pavement
markings will let you turn right
Irom another lane. as shown by
7. Turn at a 'T` intersection
from a one-wav street into a
two-wav street. Through traIIic
has the right-oI-way. You may
turn either right or leIt Irom the
center lane. Watch Ior vehicles.
motorcyclists. and bicyclists
inside your turn.
A U-turn is turning your vehicle
around in the street to go back the
way you came. To make a U-turn.
signal and use the Iar leIt lane or the
center leIt turn lane. You may make
a legal U-turn:
· Across a double yellow line when
it is saIe and legal.
· In a residential district:
- 38 -
II there are no vehicles ap-
proaching you within 200 Ieet.
Whenever a traIIic sign. light.
or signal protects you Irom
· At an intersection on a green light
or green arrow. unless a 'No U-
turn¨ sign is posted.
· On a divided highway. only iI an
opening is provided in the center
Never make a U-turn:
· At or on a railroad crossing.
· On a divided highway by crossing
a dividing section. curb. strip oI
land. or two sets oI double yel-
· Where you cannot see clearly 200
Ieet in each direction because oI
a curve. hill. rain. Iog. or other
· Where a 'No U-Turn¨ sign is
· When other vehicles may hit you.
· On a one-way street.
· In Iront oI a Iire station. Never
use a Iire station driveway to turn
your vehicle around.
· In business districts. Areas with
churches. apartments. multiple
dwelling houses. clubs. and public
buildings (except schools) are
also considered to be business
districts. Turn only at an inter-
section or where openings are
provided Ior turns.
PARKING ON A HILL
When you park:
· On a sloping driveway. turn the
wheels so the vehicle will not roll
into the street iI the brakes Iail.
· Headed downhill. turn your Iront
wheels into the curb or toward the
side oI the road. Set the parking
· Headed uphill. turn your Iront
wheels away Irom the curb and
let your vehicle roll back a Iew
inches. The wheel should gently
touch the curb. Set the parking
· Headed either uphill or downhill
when there is no curb. turn the
wheels so the vehicle will roll
away Irom the center oI the road
iI the brakes Iail.
Always set your parking brake and
leave the vehicle in gear or in the
down hill up hill no curb-up hill
or down hill
PARKING AT COLORED CURBS
Painted colored curbs have the Iol-
lowing special parking rules:
WhiteStop only long enough to
pick up or drop oII passengers or
- 39 -
GreenPark Ior a limited time. Look
Ior a posted sign next to the green
zone Ior time limits. or locate the
time limit painted on the curb.
YellowStop no longer than the time
posted to load or unload passengers
or Ireight. Drivers oI noncommercial
vehicles are usually required to stay
with the vehicle.
RedNo stopping. standing. or park-
ing. (Buses may stop at a red zone
marked Ior buses.)
BlueParking is permit-
ted only Ior a disabled
person or a driver oI a dis-
abled person who displays
a placard or a special license plate
Ior disabled persons or disabled
veterans. Disabled people with a
placard or special plates may park in
special areas Ior unlimited periods
oI time. regardless oI time restric-
tions. No one other than a disabled
person or a driver oI a disabled per-
son may park there. A crosshatched
(diagonal lines) area adiacent to a
designated disabled parking space
is a no parking area. QualiIied per-
sons may apply at any DMV oIIice
or visit the DMV website at www.
dmv.ca.gov to obtain a Iorm Ior a
parking placard or special plates.
An identiIication card will be is-
sued to holders oI disabled person
or disabled veteran license plates.
Example of crosshatched
(diagonal lines) area
NOTE: Placard abuse results in the
loss oI special parking privileges.
It is also a misdemeanor and pun-
ishable by a Iine oI up to $1.000.
imprisonment in county iail Ior up
to six months. or both.
Examples oI placard abuse:
· Using a placard aIter it has been
reported lost or stolen without re-
porting that the placard was Iound.
· Loaning your placard to Iriends or
Iamily members (disabled or not).
· Interchanging placards with
Iriends or Iamily members.
· Using a placard when the person it
was issued to is not in the vehicle
with you (disabled child. Iamily
member. disabled employer. etc.).
· Using a deceased person`s plac-
- 40 -
Never park or leave your vehicle:
· Where a 'No Parking¨ sign is
· On a marked or unmarked
crosswalk. sidewalk. partially
blocking a sidewalk. or in Iront
oI a driveway.
· Within three Ieet oI a sidewalk
ramp Ior disabled persons or in
Iront oI or on a curb that provides
wheelchair access to a sidewalk.
· In a disabled person parking
space. unless you are disabled and
display a placard or special plates.
· In the space next to a disabled per-
son parking space. iI it is painted
in a crosshatched (diagonal) pat-
tern (CVC §22507.8).
· In a space designated Ior parking
or Iueling zero-emission vehicles
which display an identiIying
· In a tunnel or on a bridge. except
where permitted by signs.
· Within 15 Ieet oI a Iire hydrant
or a Iire station driveway.
· On or within 7
/2 Ieet oI a railroad
· Between a saIety zone and the
· 'Double parked.¨ (Parking in
the street when all legal parking
places at the curb are taken.)
· On the wrong side oI the street.
· At a red curb.
· On a Ireeway. except:
In an emergency. or
When an oIIicer or device
requires a stop. or
Where a stop is speciIically
permitted. A vehicle (even
iI disabled) that is stopped.
parked. or leIt standing on
a Ireeway Ior more than
Iour hours may be removed
NOTE: II you must stop on a
Ireeway. park completely oII the
pavement and stay in your vehicle
with the doors locked until help
arrives. Leave enough space Ior
other vehicles to Ireely pass by
your vehicle. Your vehicle should
be visible Ior at least 200 Ieet in
SPECIAL PARKING RULES
· When you park alongside a curb
on a level street. the Iront and
back wheels must be parallel
and within 18 inches oI the curb.
Park parallel to the street iI there
is no curb.
· Never leave your vehicle until
you have stopped the engine and
set the parking brake.
· Do not open the driver`s side
door unless it is saIe and you do
not interIere with traIIic. Look
careIully Ior passing vehicles.
bicyclists. and motorcyclists. Do
not leave the door open any longer
- 41 -
Signaling can save lives.
Visit dmv.ca.gov for the
California Driver Handbook
Always signal to other drivers.
motorcyclists. bicyclists. and pe-
destrians when you plan to turn leIt.
right. slow down. or stop. Signals
may be given by hand-and-arm
positions or by using the vehicle`s
signal lights. II bright sunlight makes
the signal lights hard to see. also use
Motorcyclists oIten use hand signals
to make themselves more visible.
Bicyclists may give right turn-sig-
nals with their right arm held straight
out. pointing right.
Always signalthis lets other
drivers. bicylists. and pedestrians
know your plans.
· When making a leIt or right
turn. during the last 100 Ieet be-
Iore reaching the turning point.
Caution! Even though you
SLOW or STOP
signal. do not automatically as-
sume that the space you want to
occupy is clear.
· BeIore every lane change check
your mirrors. look over your
shoulder. and check your blind
spot beIore changing lanes.
· At least Iive seconds beIore you
change lanes on a Ireeway.
· BeIore pulling next to the curb or
away Irom the curb.
· When you change directions.
· Even when you do not see other
vehicles. A vehicle you do not see
may suddenly appear and hit you.
II you plan to turn beyond an inter-
section. start signaling when you are
in the intersection. II you signal too
early. the other driver may think you
plan to turn into the intersection and
he or she may pull out in Iront oI you.
Remember to cancel your signal
Steering Control-Modern vehicles
require very little steering to turn.
Look at the steering wheel as a clock
Iace and place your hands at 9 and 3
o`clock or slightly lower at 8 and 4
o`clock. These are the desired hand
positions that reduce the possibility
oI turning the wheel too sharply.
To reduce Iorearm and hand iniuries.
your hands should be placed on the
lower halI oI the steering wheel. with
your knuckles on the outside oI the
wheel. and your thumbs stretched
along the rim oI the steering wheel.
- 45 -
Pull-Push Steering-Use pull-push
steering Ior most turning maneuvers.
Put your hands in the 8 and 4 o`clock
positions. Pull down with one hand
and push up with the other. This re-
sults in smooth steering and reduces
the potential Ior over steering. which
can lead to loss oI control. Keep your
hands and thumbs on the outside oI
hand-over-hand steering when
steering movements are critical.
such as when:
· PerIorming sharp right turns.
· Correcting a skid.
Use quick movements on entry to
the maneuver. and then use slow.
smooth movements when straight-
ening the wheel.
One-Hand Steering-Use one-hand
· Backing maneuvers that do not
require Iull leIt or right turns. or
· When operating vehicle con-
trols Ior inIormation. saIety. or
Steering errors are directly related
to vision errors.
Scanning your surroundings (keep-
ing your eyes moving) includes
keeping a saIe distance around your
vehicle. When another driver makes
a mistake. you need time to react.
Give yourselI this time by keeping a
'space cushion¨ on all sides oI your
vehicle. This space cushion will give
you room to brake or maneuver iI
you need the space.
Know What Is Ahead
To avoid last minute moves. look
down the road 1015 seconds ahead
oI your vehicle so you can see haz-
ards early. Constantly staring at the
road iust in Iront oI your vehicle
is dangerous. As you scan ahead.
be alert Ior vehicles around you.
Where is the green vehicle headed?
Use your mirrors. Allow enough
space between you and the vehicle
ahead to give yourselI an 'out.¨
Mistakes cause collisions. In the
city. 1015 seconds is about one
block. On the highway. 1015 sec-
onds is about a quarter oI a mile.
Take in the whole scene-II you
only look at the middle oI the road.
you will miss what is happening on
the side oI the road and behind you.
Scanning helps you to see:
· Cars and people that may be in the
road by the time you reach them.
- 46 -
· Signs warning oI problems ahead.
· Signs giving you directions.
The shaded areas are your blind spots.
BeIore changing lanes. look into
your rear view mirror Ior nearby
vehicles and also over your shoulder
to check Ior blind spots. Blind spots
can hide a motorcyclist. a vehicle or
a bicyclist. Watch Ior things about
to happen. like a ball rolling into
the street or a vehicle door opening.
Watch for hazards-Look beyond
the vehicle ahead oI you. Do not de-
velop a 'Iixed stare.¨ Keep scanning.
Check your rear view mirrors every
two Iive seconds so you know the
position oI vehicles near you.
On the Ireeway. be ready Ior changes
in traIIic conditions. Watch Ior
signals Irom other drivers. Expect
merging vehicles at on-ramps and
interchanges. Be prepared Ior rapid
changes in road conditions and traI-
Iic Ilow. Know which lanes are clear
so you can use them iI necessary.
Do not be a tailgater! Many driv-
ers do not see as Iar ahead as they
should because they Iollow too
closely (tailgate). and the vehicle
ahead blocks their view.
The more space you allow between
your vehicle and the vehicle ahead.
the more time you will have to see a
hazard and stop or avoid that hazard.
Most rear end collisions are caused
by tailgating. To avoid tailgating. use
the 'three-second rule.¨ When the
vehicle ahead oI you passes a certain
point such as a sign. count 'one-
one-thousand-three.¨ This takes
about three seconds. II you pass the
same point beIore you Iinish count-
ing. you are Iollowing too closely.
You should allow a Iour-second or
more cushion when:
· Being crowded by a tailgater.
Allow extra room ahead. do
not brake suddenly. Slow down
gradually or merge into another
lane to prevent being hit Irom
behind by the tailgater!
· Driving on slippery roads.
· Following motorcyclists on wet
or icy roads. on metal surIaces
(e.g.. bridge gratings. railroad
tracks. etc.). and on gravel. Mo-
torcyclists can Iall more easily on
· The driver behind you wants to
pass. Allow room in Iront oI your
vehicle so the driver will have
space to move in Iront oI you.
· Towing a trailer or carrying a
heavy load. The extra weight
makes it harder to stop.
· Following large vehicles that
block your view ahead. The extra
space allows you to see around
· You see a bus. school bus. or
a placarded vehicle at railroad
crossings. These vehicles must
- 47 -
stop at railroad crossings. so slow
down early and allow plenty oI
· Merging onto a Ireeway.
II you Iollow too closely and another
driver 'cuts¨ in Iront oI you. iust
take your Ioot oII the gas. This gives
you space between your vehicle and
the other driver. without having to
slam on your brakes or swerve into
Know What Is at Your Side
Any time you come to a place where
people may cross or enter your path
or one line oI traIIic meets another.
you should look to the leIt and right
sides oI your vehicle to make sure no
one is coming. Always look to each
side oI your vehicle at intersections.
crosswalks. and railroad crossings.
· Look both ways even iI other traI-
Iic has a red light or a stop sign:
Look to the leIt Iirst. since
vehicles coming Irom the leIt
are closer to you than vehicles
coming Irom the right.
Look to the right.
Take one more look to the leIt
in case there is a vehicle or a
pedestrian you did not see the
· Do not rely on traIIic signals.
Some drivers do not obey traIIic
signals so beIore you enter an
intersection. look leIt. right. and
ahead Ior approaching traIIic.
To maintain a space cushion on each
side oI your vehicle:
· Do not stay in another driver`s
blind spot. The other driver may
not see your vehicle and could
change lanes and hit you.
· Avoid driving directly alongside
other vehicles on multilane streets
with or without traIIic in the op-
posite direction. Another driver
might crowd your lane or change
lanes without looking and crash
into you. Drive either ahead oI or
behind the other vehicle.
· II possible and when saIe. make
room Ior vehicles entering Iree-
ways even though you have the
· At Ireeway exits. do not drive
alongside other cars. A driver may
decide to exit suddenly or swerve
back onto the Ireeway.
· Keep a space between yourselI
and parked cars. Someone may
step out Irom between them. A
vehicle door may open or a vehicle
may pull out suddenly.
· Be careIul when driving near mo-
torcyclists or bicyclists. Always
leave plenty oI room between your
vehicle and any motorcyclists or
Know What Is Behind You
It is very important to check behind
you beIore you:
· Change lanes. Look over your
shoulder to make sure you are not
getting in the way oI vehicles in
the lane you want to enter.
- 48 -
· Reduce your speed. Take a quick
glance in your mirrors. Also check
your mirrors when you are pre-
paring to turn into a side road or
driveway and when you are stop-
ping to pull into a parking space.
· Drive down a long or steep hill.
Watch Ior large vehicles because
they can gather speed very
· Back up. Backing up is always
dangerous because it is hard to
see behind your vehicle. When
you are backing out oI a parking
Check in Iront and behind the
vehicle beIore you get in.
Know where your kids are.
Make sure they are away Irom
your vehicle and in Iull view
beIore moving your vehicle.
II other children are nearby.
make sure you can see them
beIore backing up.
Do not depend only on your
mirrors or only looking out a
Turn and look over your right
and leIt shoulders beIore you
begin backing. As a saIety
measure. also look over your
right and leIt shoulders again
Back slowly to avoid collisions.
Check traIIic behind you oIten to
know iI you are being tailgated
(another driver is Iollowing too
closely). II you are being tailgated.
be careIul! Brake slowly beIore
stopping. Tap your brakes lightly a
Iew times to warn the tailgater you
are slowing down.
'Lose¨ the tailgater as soon as you
can. by changing lanes and allowing
the tailgater to pass you or slowing
down to allow enough 'cushion¨
between you and the car in Iront oI
you. II this does not work. pull oII
the road when it is saIe and let the
Clean Windows and Mirrors
Keep your windshield and side win-
dows clean inside and out. Bright
sun or headlights on a dirty window
make it hard to see out. Clear oII
ice. Irost. or dew Irom all windows
beIore you drive.
Make sure you can see and be seen.
II you drive in rain or snow. you
may have to stop sometimes to wipe
mud or snow oII your windshield.
headlights. and taillights.
Adjust Seat and Mirrors
Adiust your seat beIore you put on
your seat belt. You should sit high
enough to see the road. II you still
cannot see. use a seat cushion.
Adiust your rear and side mirrors be-
Iore you start driving. II your vehicle
has a day/night mirror. learn how to
use it. The night setting reduces the
headlight glare Irom the cars behind
you and helps you see well.
How Well Can You Stop?
II something is in your path. you
need to see it in time to stop. As-
suming you have good tires. good
brakes. and dry pavement:
- 49 -
· At 55 mph. it takes about 400 Ieet
to react and bring the vehicle to a
· At 35 mph. it takes about 210 Ieet
to react and bring the vehicle to a
Adiust your driving speed to the
weather and road conditions ('Basic
Speed Law¨ page 28.) Turn on your
lights during the day. iI it is hard to
see or you cannot see at least 1.000
Ieet ahead oI you.
DRIVING IN THE FOG
The best advice Ior driving in the
Iog is DON`T. You should consider
postponing your trip until the Iog
clears. However. iI you must drive.
then drive slowly and use your low
beam headlights. The light Irom the
high beam headlights will reIlect
back and cause glare.
Never drive with just your parking
or fog lights.
Increase your Iollowing distance
and be prepared to stop within the
space you can see ahead. Avoid
crossing or passing lanes oI traIIic
unless absolutely necessary. Listen
Ior traIIic you cannot see. Use your
wipers and deIroster as necessary
Ior best vision.
II the Iog becomes so thick that you
can barely see. pull completely oII
the road. Do not continue driving
until you can see well. Turn oII
your lights and keep your Ioot oII
the brake pedal or someone may see
your taillights. think you are moving.
and drive into your vehicle.
DRIVING IN DARKNESS
Drive more slowly at night because
you cannot see as Iar ahead and
you will have less time to stop Ior
a hazard. Make sure you can stop
within the distance lighted by your
Use your low beam headlights at
night when it rains. Do not drive
using only your parking lights.
Use your high beam headlights
whenever possible in open country
or dark city streets. as long as it is
not illegal. Do not blind other driv-
ers with your high beam headlights.
Dim your lights when necessary. II
another driver does not dim his or
· Do not look directly into the
· Look toward the right edge oI
· Watch the oncoming vehicle out
oI the corner oI your eye.
· Do not try to 'get back¨ at the
other driver by keeping your
bright lights on. II you do. both
oI you may be blinded.
When you drive at night. remember:
· Pedestrians and bicyclists are
much harder to see at night. so
stay alert Ior them.
· Motorcycles are also harder to see
at night because most have only
· More highway construction takes
place at night. Reduce your speed
in highway construction zones.
- 50 -
· When you leave a brightly-lit
place. drive slowly until your eyes
adiust to the darkness.
· Drive as Iar to the right as pos-
sible. when a vehicle with one
light drives toward you. It could
be a bicyclist or motorcyclist.
but it could also be a vehicle with
a missing headlight.
DRIVING IN RAIN OR SNOW
Many road pavements are the most
slippery when it Iirst starts to rain or
snow because oil and dust have not
yet washed away. Slow down at the
Iirst sign oI rain. drizzle. or snow on
the road. Turn on your windshield
wipers. headlights. and deIroster.
In a heavy rainstorm or snowstorm.
you may not be able to see more than
100 Ieet ahead oI your vehicle. When
you cannot see any Iarther than
100 Ieet. you cannot saIely drive
Iaster than 30 mph. You may have
to stop Irom time to time to wipe
mud or snow oII your windshield.
headlights. and taillights.
II you drive in snowy areas. carry
the correct number oI chains and be
sure they will Iit your drive wheels.
Learn how to put the chains on be-
fore you need to use them.
DRIVING IN HILL COUNTRY
You never know what is on the
other side oI a steep hill or a sharp
curve. When you come to a hill or
curve. slow down so you can stop Ior
any hazard. You must drive slowly
enough to stop.
Any time your view is blocked by a
hill or a curve. you should assume
there is another vehicle ahead oI
you. Only pass the vehicle iI a hill or
curve is at least one-third oI a mile
away. because you need at least that
much room to pass saIely.
Do not drive on the leIt side oI the
road when coming to a curve or the
top oI a hill. because you cannot
see Iar enough ahead to know iI it
is saIe to pass.
HORN, HEADLIGHTS, AND
Use Your Horn
· Only when necessary. to avoid
· To try to get 'eye contact¨ with
other drivers. You may tap your
horn to alert another driver who
might turn in Iront oI you and
cause a collision.
· On narrow mountain roads.
where you cannot see at least 200
Ieet ahead oI your vehicle.
Do Not Use Your Horn
· II a driver or bicyclist is going
slowly. and you want him or her
to drive Iaster or get out oI your
way; the driver or bicyclist may
not be able to saIely go Iaster. due
to illness. being lost. intoxication.
or having mechanical problems
with the vehicle.
· To alert other drivers that they
made a mistake. Your honking
may cause them to make more
mistakes or to become angry and
- 51 -
· Because you may be angry or
· To honk at pedestrians. bicyclists.
or motorcyclists unless necessary
to avoid a collision. Remember
that your horn sounds much louder
outside a vehicle.
· It`s saIer to slow down or to stop.
instead oI honking your horn.
which may startle other drivers.
Use Your Headlights
· When it is cloudy. raining.
snowing. or Ioggy. II weather
conditions require you to use your
windshield wipers. you must turn
on your headlights it`s the law.
· On Irosty mornings. when other
drivers` windows may be icy or
· Any time conditions prevent you
Irom seeing other vehicles. Other
drivers may have trouble seeing
· On small country or mountain
roads. even on sunny days. This
helps other drivers see you and
may help you avoid a head-on
· When necessary to get another
Use Your Emergency Signals
II you can see a collision ahead. warn
the drivers behind you by turning on
your emergency Ilashers or tapping
your brake pedal quickly three or
Iour times. You can also use the hand
signal when slowing and stopping.
Never stop on the road. unless neces-
sary Ior saIety or to obey a law. II
you need to stop. then start braking
early as a signal to the cars behind
you. II your vehicle breaks down
on the road. make sure that other
drivers can see it. II you experience
vehicle trouble. and need to stop.
Iollow these rules:
· Pull oII the road away Irom all
traIIic. iI possible.
· II you cannot get completely oII
the road. stop where people can
see you and your vehicle Irom
behind. Do not stop iust over a
hill or iust around a curve.
· Turn on your emergency Ilashers
iI you are not moving. II your
vehicle doesn`t have emergency
Ilashers. turn signals may be used
· II it is saIe. liIt the hood to signal
· Give other drivers plenty oI
warning. Place emergency Ilares
or triangles 200300 Ieet behind
the vehicle. This allows other
drivers time to change lanes. iI
necessary. Be very careIul when
using Ilares. They may cause
Iires. especially when used near
· II you do not have emergency
Ilares. Iollow the rules listed
above and stay in your vehicle
until help arrives. Be careIul Ior
your saIety and stay off the road.
Remember: do not try to change a
tire iI it means you have to stand
in a traIIic lane.
- 52 -
Taking Dangers One at a Time
Suppose there is an oncoming
vehicle to your leIt and a child on
a bicycle to your right. Instead oI
driving between the vehicle and
the child. take one danger at a time.
First. slow down and let the vehicle
pass. Then. move to the leIt to allow
plenty oI room to pass the child.
Splitting the Difference
Sometimes there will be dangers
on both sides oI the road at the
same time. For example. there will
be parked cars to the right and on-
coming cars to the leIt. In this case.
the best thing to do is 'split the
diIIerence.¨ Steer a middle course
between the oncoming cars and the
II one danger is greater than the
other. give the most room to the
most dangerous situation. Suppose
there are oncoming cars on your leIt
side and a child on a bike on your
right side. The child is more likely
to make a sudden move. ThereIore.
slow down. and iI saIe. use as much
oI your lane to the leIt as possible
until you pass the child.
Increase your Iollowing distance
and allow a bigger space cushion
Ior drivers who may be potentially
dangerous. Persons who present
· Drivers who cannot see you
because their view is blocked by
buildings. trees. or other cars.
· Drivers backing out oI drive-
ways or parking spaces with the
vehicle`s windows covered by
snow or ice.
· Drivers who pass you when there
is a curve or oncoming vehicle(s)
· Drivers about to be Iorced into
your lane to avoid a vehicle. a
pedestrian. a bicyclist. an ob-
struction. or because oI Iewer
· Pedestrians with umbrellas in
Iront oI their Iaces or hats pulled
down over their eyes.
· Distracted people. such as:
Children. who oIten run into the
street without looking.
Drivers talking on cell phones
or speaking to their passengers.
Drivers taking care oI children.
eating. or looking at maps while
· ConIused people. such as:
Tourists. oIten at complicated
Drivers who are looking Ior
a house number or who slow
down Ior no apparent reason.
MERGING IN/OUT OF TRAFFIC
Whenever you enter traIIic. signal
and be sure you have enough room
to saIely enter the lane. You have to
share space with traIIic already on
- 53 -
the road. and you must know how
much space you need to merge with
traIIic. cross or enter traIIic. and exit
out oI traIIic.
Space to Merge
Enter the Ireeway at or near the
speed oI traIIic. (Remember that
the maximum speed allowed is 65
mph on most Ireeways.) Do not
stop before merging into freeway
traffic unless absolutely necessary.
Freeway traIIic has the right-oI-way.
Any time you merge with other traI-
Iic. you need a gap oI at least Iour
seconds. which gives both you and
the other vehicle only a two-second
Iollowing distance. When it is saIe.
go back to Iollowing the 'three-
second rule¨ (see page 47).
· Do not try to squeeze into a gap
that is too small. Leave yourselI
a big enough space cushion.
· Watch Ior vehicles around you.
Use your mirrors and turn signals.
Turn your head to look quickly
over your shoulder beIore chang-
ing lanes. Leave three seconds oI
space between you and the vehicle
ahead oI you. Make sure you can
stop saIely iI necessary.
· II you need to cross several Iree-
way lanes. cross them one at a
time. II you wait until all oI the
lanes are clear. you may cause
traIIic delays or a collision.
Space to Cross or Enter
Whenever you cross or enter city
or highway traIIic Irom a Iull stop.
you will need a large enough gap
(Irom vehicles approaching in either
direction) to get up to the speed oI
other vehicles. You need a gap that
· HalI a block on city streets.
· A Iull block on the highway.
II you are crossing lanes or turning.
make sure there are no vehicles or
people blocking the path ahead or to
the sides oI your vehicle. You do not
want to be caught in an intersection
with traIIic coming at you.
Even iI you have the green light. do
not start across the intersection. iI
there are vehicles blocking your way.
When turning leIt. do not start the
turn iust because an approaching
vehicle has its right turn signal on.
The driver may plan to turn iust
beyond you. or the signal may have
been leIt on Irom an earlier turn. This
is particularly true oI motorcycles.
Their signal lights oIten do not turn
oII automatically. Wait until the
other driver actually starts to turn
beIore you continue.
Space to Exit
When you plan to exit the Ireeway.
give yourselI plenty oI time. You
should know the name or number
oI the Ireeway exit you want as well
as the one that comes beIore it. To
· Signal. look over your shoulder.
and change lanes one at a time.
until you are in the proper lane to
exit the Ireeway.
- 54 -
· Signal your intention to exit Ior
approximately Iive seconds be-
Iore reaching the exit.
· Be sure you are at the proper speed
Ior leaving the traIIic lanenot too
Iast (so you remain in control) and
not too slow (so the Ilow oI traIIic
can still move Ireely).
PASSING OTHER TRAFFIC
Space and Speed to Pass
Always signal beIore passing. Do
not pull out to pass unless you know
you have enough space to pull back
into your lane.
Avoid passing other vehicles. in-
cluding motorcycles and bicycles.
on two-lane roads. It is dangerous.
Every time you pass. you increase
your chances oI having a collision.
Be patient when passing a bicyclist.
Slow down and pass only when it
is saIe. Do not squeeze the bicyclist
oII the road.
At highway speeds oI 5055 mph.
you need a 1012 second gap in
oncoming traIIic to pass saIely. At 55
mph. you will travel over 800 Ieet in
1012 seconds. So will an oncoming
vehicle. That means you need over
1.600 Ieet (or about one-third oI a
mile) to pass saIely. It is harder to see
and iudge the speed oI oncoming
vehicles that are traveling one-third
oI a mile or more away Irom you.
You must iudge whether or not you
have enough room to pass whenever
· An oncoming vehicle.
· A hill or a curve.
· An intersection.
· A road obstruction.
Vehicles appear to move slower than
they really are moving. A vehicle
that is Iar enough away generally
appears to be standing still. In Iact.
iI you can see it moving closer to
you. it is probably too close Ior you
to start to pass.
Space to Return
BeIore you return to your driving
lane. be sure you are not dangerously
close to the vehicle you have iust
passed. One way to do this is to look
Ior the vehicle in your inside rear
view mirror. When you can see both
headlights in your rear view mirror.
you have enough room to return to
your driving lane. Do not count on
having enough time to pass several
vehicles at once. or that other drivers
will make room Ior you.
SHARING THE ROAD
LARGE TRUCKS (BIG RIGS)
To reduce the chance oI having a
collision with a large truck or RV.
you must be Iamiliar with a big
rig`s physical capabilities and how
Large trucks take longer to stop than
vehicles traveling at the same speed.
The average passenger vehicle trav-
eling at 55 mph can stop within 400
Ieet. However. a large truck traveling
at the same speed can take almost
800 Ieet to stop. Do not move in
- 55 -
Iront oI a large truck and suddenly
slow down or stop. The trucker will
not be able to stop quickly enough
to avoid crashing into you.
Trucker’s Blind Spots—the “No
Shaded areas are the driver’s blind spots.
Passenger vehicle drivers incor-
rectly assume that a trucker can see
the road better because he or she is
higher oII the road. While truckers
do have a better Iorward view and
bigger mirrors. they still have large
blind spots. and your vehicle can get
lost in those blind spots. II you stay
in those blind spots. you block the
trucker`s ability to take evasive ac-
tion to avoid a dangerous situation.
Generally speaking. iI you cannot
see the truck driver in his or her side
mirror. he or she cannot see you.
These blind spots are oIten called
the 'NO ZONE.¨
When any vehicle makes a turn. the
rear wheels Iollow a shorter path
than the Iront wheels. The longer
the vehicle. the greater the diIIer-
ence is in the turning path. This is
why big rig drivers must oIten swing
wide to complete a right turn. When
you Iollow a big rig. look at its turn
signals beIore you start to pass. II
the truck appears to be turning leIt.
check the turn signals again; the
driver may actually be turning right
but Iirst swinging wide.
Trucks are designed to transport
products and they are not as ma-
neuverable as passenger vehicles.
Large trucks have longer stopping
and starting distances. They take
more space Ior turns and they weigh
more. On multilane highways and
Ireeways. large trucks usually stay
in the center portion oI the lane to
help the Ilow oI traIIic. This also
increases the trucker`s options iI he
or she must change lanes to avoid
Avoid these mistakes when driving
around large trucks:
· Cutting off a truck in traffic
or on the highway to reach an
exit or turn. Cutting into the
open space in Iront oI a truck is
dangerous. Trying to beat a truck
through a single-lane construction
zone. Ior example. removes the
truck driver`s cushion oI saIety
and places you in danger. Slow
down and take your turn enter-
ing the construction zone. Do
not speed up to pass a truck. so
you can exit the roadway. Take a
moment to slow down. and exit
behind a truckit will only take
you a Iew extra seconds.
- 56 -
CAN THE DRIVER SEE
YOUR VEHICLE? Allow for
extra space and be safe!
· Lingering alongside a truck
when passing. Always pass a
large truck on the leIt side. and
aIter you pass the truck. move
ahead oI it. Do not linger. other-
wise you make it very diIIicult. iI
not impossible. Ior the trucker to
take evasive action iI an obstacle
appears in the road ahead.
· Following too closely or tailgat-
ing. When you Iollow so closely
behind a truck that you cannot see
the truck driver`s side view mir-
rors. the trucker cannot see you
and has no way oI knowing you
are there. Tailgating a truck. or
any vehicle. is dangerous because
you take away your own cushion
oI saIety iI the vehicle in Iront oI
you stops quickly.
· Underestimating the size and
speed of an approaching tractor-
trailer. A large tractor-trailer
oIten appears to be traveling at a
slower speed because oI its large
size. Many collisions involving a
passenger vehicle and a large truck
occur at intersections. when the
passenger vehicle driver did not
realize how close the truck was
or how Iast it was traveling.
BUSES, STREETCARS, AND
Do not drive through a saIety zone.
which is a space set aside Ior pedes-
trians and marked by raised buttons
or markers on a roadway.
When people are boarding or leav-
ing a streetcar or trolley where there
is no saIety zone. stop behind the
vehicle`s nearest door or vehicle
platIorm and wait until the people
have reached a saIe place.
When a bus. streetcar. or trolley is
stopped at a saIety zone or at an inter-
section where traIIic is controlled by
a police oIIicer or traIIic signal. you
may pass at no more than 10 mph.
Do not overtake and pass any light
rail vehicle or streetcar on the
leIt side. whether it is moving or
· When you are on a one-way street.
· When the tracks are so close to
the right side that you cannot pass
on the right.
· When a traIIic oIIicer directs you
to pass on the leIt.
Light-rail vehicles have the same
rights and responsibilities on public
roadways as other vehicles. Al-
though everyone must Iollow the
same traIIic laws. light-rail vehicles
require exceptional handling ability
because oI their size.
SaIely share the road with light-rail
· Being aware oI where light-rail
vehicles operate. Buildings. trees.
etc.. cause blind spots Ior the trol-
· Never turn in Iront oI an approach-
ing light-rail vehicle.
- 58 -
Do not turn in front of light rail vehicles
· Maintain a saIe distance Irom
the light-rail vehicle iI it shares a
street with vehicular traIIic.
Safety Zones are marked by dotted white lines
· Look Ior approaching light-rail
vehicles beIore you turn across
the tracks. Complete your turn
only iI a signal indicates you may
NOTE: Light-rail vehicles can inter-
rupt traIIic signals. so do not proceed
until the signal light indicates you
You must yield the right-oI-way to
any police vehicle. Iire engine. am-
bulance. or other emergency vehicle
using a siren and red lights. Drive
to the right edge oI the road and
stop until the emergency vehicle(s)
have passed. However. never stop
in an intersection. II you are in an
intersection when you see an emer-
gency vehicle. continue through the
intersection and then drive to the
right as soon as it is saIe and stop.
Emergency vehicles oIten use the
wrong side oI the street to continue
on their way. They sometimes use
a loud speaker to talk to drivers
blocking their path.
Yield to emergency vehicles.
You must obey any traIIic direc-
tion. order. or signal by a traIIic or
police oIIicer or a Iire Iighter even
iI it conIlicts with existing signs.
signals. or laws.
It is against the law to Iollow within
300 Ieet behind any Iire engine.
police vehicle. ambulance. or other
emergency vehicle with a siren or
Ilashing lights (CVC §21706).
II you drive Ior sight-seeing pur-
poses to the scene oI a Iire. collision.
or other disaster you may be arrested.
Casual observers interIere with the
essential services oI police. Iire-
Iighter. ambulance crews. or other
rescue or emergency personnel.
- 59 -
Some vehicles are not designed to
keep up with the speed oI traIIic.
Farm tractors. animal-drawn carts.
and road maintenance vehicles
usually travel 25 mph or less. Slow-
moving vehicles have an orange/red
triangle on the back oI the vehicles.
It looks like the sign in the picture
on this page. Look Ior these vehicles
and adiust your speed beIore you
A Slow-Moving Vehicle
Also. be aware that large trucks.
bicyclists and small. underpowered
cars lose speed on long or steep hills
and take longer to get up to speed
when entering traIIic.
Other types oI slow-moving motor-
ized vehicles (such as wheelchairs.
scooters. Neighborhood Electric
Vehicles (NEVs) and golI carts)
may legally operate on public roads.
Adiust your speed accordingly to
VEHICLES (NEV) AND LOW-
SPEED VEHICLES (LSV)
You may have seen lanes marked as
NEV USE OALY on roadways in
some CaliIornia towns. especially
those near retirement communities
and golI courses. NEVs and LSVs
are restricted Irom roadways where
the speed limit is greater than 35
mph (CVC §§385.5 and 21260).
The NEV and LSV vehicles reach
a maximum speed oI 25 mph.
Owners oI registered NEVs and
LSVs must comply with Iinancial re-
sponsibility laws and a driver license
is required to operate the vehicle.
Horse-drawn vehicles and riders oI
horses or other animals are entitled
to share the road with you. It is a
traIIic oIIense to scare horses or
stampede livestock. Slow down or
stop. iI necessary. or when requested
to do so by the riders or herders.
Motorcyclists have the same rights
and responsibilities as automobile
drivers. While everyone must Iollow
the same traIIic laws. motorcyclists
Iace additional dangers because
motorcycles require exceptional
handling ability and are harder to
see. ThereIore. many motorcycles
keep their headlight on even during
From ahead or behind. a motor-
cycle`s outline is much smaller than
a passenger vehicle`s outline. and
most drivers expect to see larger
vehicles on the road and are not
looking Ior motorcycles.
Motorcyclists can do many things to
make it easier Ior others to recognize
them and increase their chances oI
- 60 -
· Wear a bright-colored iacket. vest.
and a helmet.
· Wear reIlective material on hel-
mets and clothes.
· Use turn signals when planning
to change lanes or turn.
· Flash their brake lights beIore
slowing down to help others
notice the motorcycle.
Follow these rules to respect the
right-oI-way and saIely share the
road with motorcyclists:
· When you change lanes or enter a
maior thoroughIare. make a visual
check Ior motorcycles. Also use
your mirrors. Motorcycles are
small. and they can easily disap-
pear into a vehicle`s blind spots.
· Allow a Iour-second Iollowing
distance. You will need this space
to avoid hitting the motorcyclist. iI
he or she brakes suddenly or Ialls
oII the motorcycle. Motorcycles
generally can stop Iaster than
· Allow the motorcycle a Iull lane
width. Although it is not illegal
to share lanes with motorcycles.
it is unsaIe.
· Never try to pass a motorcycle
in the same lane you are sharing
with the motorcycle.
· When you make a turn. check
Ior motorcyclists and gauge their
speed beIore turning.
· Look careIully Ior motorcyclists
beIore opening doors next to mov-
ing traIIic or beIore turning right.
· Motorcycles may travel Iaster
than traIIic during congested road
conditions and can legally travel
in the unused space between two
lines oI moving or stationary ve-
hicles. which is commonly called
· Remember that road conditions
which are minor annoyances to
you pose maior hazards to mo-
torcyclists. Potholes. gravel. wet
or slippery surIaces. pavement
seams. railroad crossings. and
grooved pavement can cause
motorcyclists to change speed
or direction suddenly. II you are
aware oI the eIIect oI these con-
ditions and drive with care and
attention. you can help reduce mo-
torcyclist iniuries and Iatalities.
For more inIormation regarding
motorcycle saIety. contact the
CaliIornia Motorcyclist SaIety
Program at 1-877-RIDE-411 or
· Must obey all traIIic signals and
· Are lawIully per-
mitted to ride on
certain sections oI
roadway in rural
areas where there
is no alternate route.
· Must ride in the same direction as
other traIIic. not against it.
- 61 -
Turns for bicyclists
RIDE A STRAIGHT LINE—DON’T TURN IN AND OUT
BETWEEN PARKED CARS. LEAVE SPACE TO AVOID
SUDDENLY OPENED DOORS.
MERGE LEFT TO PASS
VEHICLE TURNING RIGHT
Intersections with special lanes
· Shall ride as near to the right curb
or edge oI the roadway as practi-
calnot on the sidewalk.
· Are legally allowed to ride in the
center oI the lane when moving
at the same speed as other traIIic.
· May move leIt to pass a parked or
moving vehicle. bicycle. animal.
avoid debris. or other hazards.
· May choose to ride near the leIt
curb or edge oI a one-way street.
· Should ride single Iile on a busy
or narrow street.
· Must make leIt and right turns
in the same way that drivers do.
using the same turn lanes. II the
bicyclist is traveling straight
ahead. he or she should use a
through traIIic lane rather than
ride next to the curb and block
traIIic making right turns.
· Must signal all their intentions
to motorists and bicyclists near
· Must wear a helmet iI under the
age oI 18.
· Should carry identiIication.
· Shall not operate a bicycle on a
roadway during darkness unless
the bicycle is equipped with:
A brake which will enable the
operator to make one braked
wheel stop on dry. level. clean
During darkness bicyclists must
have the Iollowing equipment:
A Iront lamp emitting a white
light visible Irom a distance oI
A rear red reIlector visible
Irom a distance oI 500 Ieet.
A white or yellow reIlector on
each pedal or on the bicyclist`s
shoes or ankles visible Irom a
distance oI 200 Ieet.
PEDESTRIANS WHO ARE BLIND
Pedestrians using guide dogs or
white canes with or without a red
tip must be given the right-oI-way
at all times. These pedestrians are
partially or totally blind.
When these pedestrians are in your
vicinity be especially careIul when
turning corners or backing up. par-
ticularly iI you are driving a quiet
- 62 -
Iront oI them. Turning may result
in the blind pedestrian becoming
disoriented and vulnerable to be-
ing hit by another right turning
vehicle when attempting to cross
· Do not honk your horn at a blind
person. The blind person has no
idea who you are honking at and
may be startled by the noise.
· Do not block any sidewalk.
ROAD WORKERS AND
WORK ZONES (“CONE ZONES”)
Pay close attention where road work
is being perIormed. Signs and mes-
sage boards warn you oI workers.
slow moving equipment. and closed
lanes ahead. Cones and/or drums
will guide you through the work
zone. Merge as soon as it is saIe to
do so and without crossing the cones
or drums. Reduce your speed and be
prepared to slow down or stop Ior
highway equipment. In work zones
where lanes are narrow or where
the shoulder is closed. watch Ior
bicycles and 'share the road¨ when
they are present.
The most common
cause oI deaths and
iniuries in work zones
is rear-end collisions.
In Iact. most oI the
people killed in work
zones are drivers and
passengers. For your own safety
and the safety of your passengers
remember to slow down. allow extra
Iollowing room between vehicles.
Here are some suggestions Ior help-
ing pedestrians who are blind:
· Do not stop your vehicle more
than five feet from the cross-
walk. unless there is an advance
stop bar (line). A blind pedestrian
uses the sound oI your engine as
a guide. so drive up to the cross-
walk to allow the person to hear
you. IMPORTANT: Drivers oI
electric and hybrid vehicles must
be extra alert to blind pedestrians.
as they may be unaware oI your
presence due to the nearly silent
nature oI these vehicles.
· Stop at all crosswalks where
pedestrians are waiting.
· Do not stop in the middle of a
crosswalk. This Iorces the blind
pedestrian to go around your
vehicle and into traIIic outside
oI the crosswalk.
· Do not give the blind pedestrian
verbal directions. A blind pedes-
trian listens to all traIIic sounds
beIore deciding to cross the street.
· Do not wait too long for the blind
pedestrian to cross the street.
When a blind person pulls in his
or her cane and steps away Irom
the intersection. this gesture usu-
ally means Ior you to go.
· Do not turn right without
looking first. Look Ior any
pedestrians. especially blind pe-
destrians or traIIic beIore starting
your turn. Blind pedestrians who
have a green light are not expect-
ing a driver to make a right turn in
- 63 -
merge early. expect
sudden slowing or
stopping. watch Ior
lanes at the last min-
ute. and minimize
distractions. Avoid distractions
including using your hands-Iree cell
phone while in the 'Cone Zone.¨
Fines Ior traIIic violations in the
'Cone Zone¨ can be up to $1.000. or
more. Anyone convicted oI assault-
ing a highway worker Iaces Iines oI
up to $2.000 and imprisonment Ior
up to one year.
Keep your eyes on the road and
other vehicles around you. Do not
stop to watch the road work. Obey
special signs or instructions Irom
workers. Driving careIully through
work zones improves saIety Ior
drivers. pedestrians. bicyclists. and
Remember to ~Slow for the Cone
DOUBLE FINE ZONES
Due to increased collision-related
iniuries and Iatalities certain roads
are designated as 'SaIety Enhanced-
Double Fine Zones.¨ Fines Ior
violations are doubled in these zones
and also in highway construction or
maintenance zones when workers
are present. (CVC §42010)
MOVE OVER AND SLOW DOWN
Drivers are required to move over
and slow down when approaching
a stationary emergency vehicle or
tow truck that is displaying Ilashing
amber warning lights. or a vehicle.
marked Department oI Transporta-
tion that is displaying emergency
Ilashing or amber warning lights.
while it is stopped on the side oI a
state highway or Ireeway. The law
is designed to reduce the deaths oI
police oIIicers. tow truck drivers.
paramedics. CalTrans employees.
and other emergency personnel who
are aiding stranded or iniured motor-
ists or involved in road work. Use
caution iI lane changes are required.
VEHICLES WITH HAZARDOUS
- 78 -
Red and White Regulatory Signs
Highway Construction and Maintenance Signs
Hazardous Loads Placards
White Regulatory Signs
A diamond-shaped sign on a truck
means that the load on the truck
is potentially dangerous (gas. ex-
plosives. etc.) CaliIornia Highway
Patrol (CHP) or Iire department oI-
Iicers know what to do iI the load is
accidentally spilled. Vehicles which
display these signs are required to
stop beIore crossing railroad tracks.
IMPORTANT DRIVING TIPS
Always be courteous. SaIe driving
requires personal responsibility
to use sound iudgment. reIlexes.
experience. common sense and
considerationevery time you
are behind the wheel oI a vehicle.
Courtesy... pass it on!
- 64 -
Overtake other vehicles only
on the left.
Avoid blocking passing lanes.
Yield to faster traffic by mov-
ing to the right.
Keep to the right as much as
Maintain appropriate follow-
Provide appropriate distance
when cutting in after passing
Use headlights in cloudy,
rainy, low light conditions.
Yield to pedestrians.
Come to a complete stop at
stop signs, etc.
Stop for red traffic lights.
Approach intersections and
pedestrians at slow speeds.
Follow right-of-way rules at
Drive below the posted speed
limit when conditions warrant.
Drive at slower speeds in
Maintain speeds appropriate
Use vehicle turn signals for
turns and lane changes.
Make eye contact and signal
intention where needed.
Acknowledge intention of oth-
Use your horn sparingly.
Avoid unnecessary use of
high beam headlights.
Yield and move to the right
for emergency vehicles.
Refrain from ashing head-
Make slow, deliberate U-
Maintain proper speeds
around roadway crashes.
Avoid returning inappropriate
Avoid challenging other driv-
Try to get out of the way of
Focus on driving and avoid
DO YOU AVOID:
Driving when drowsy.
Blocking the right-turn lane.
Taking more than one parking
Parking in a space desig-
nated for the disabled.
Letting your door hit the ve-
hicle parked next to you.
Using the cell phone while
Stopping in the road to talk.
Inicting loud music on neigh-
ARE YOU AN AGGRESSIVE DRIVER?
DO YOU (Check the appropriate box):
Y N Y N
Count the number of “No” Answers
(1-3) SAFE DRIVER (4-7) GOOD DRIVER
(8-11) SEMI-AGGRESSIVE DRIVER (12+) AGGRESSIVE DRIVER
- 65 -
DEALING WITH TRAFFIC
Small changes in your driving habits
can help relieve chronic traIIic con-
gestion. according to the CaliIornia
OIIice oI TraIIic SaIety (OTS).
Avoid the Iollowing driving
· Rubberneckingslowing down
to look at collisions or virtu-
ally anything else out oI the
· TailgatingIollowing too closely.
· Unnecessary lane changesweav-
ing in and out oI Ireeway lanes.
· Inattention eating. grooming.
talking on a cell phone. text mes-
saging. reading the newspaper.
· Operating a poorly-maintained or
malIunctioning vehicle or running
out oI Iuel.
DEALING WITH AGGRESSIVE
DRIVERS AND ROAD RAGE
Aggressive driving and road rage
happens when crowded roads. rush-
ing. and impatience cause one driver
to react angrily to another driver.
Some suggestions Ior avoiding
aggressive driving and road rage
· Allow plenty oI time to reach your
· Do not cut oII other drivers.
· Do not drive slowly in the leIt
· Do not tailgate.
· Do not make gestures to other
· Use your horn Ior emergencies
Prevent a potentially violent inci-
· Avoiding eye contact with an
· Giving an angry driver plenty
· Taking the questionnaire on the
previous page to determine the
type oI driver that you are.
TEXT MESSAGING AND
Regardless oI age. it is illegal to
drive a motor vehicle while using
an electronic wireless communica-
tion device to write. send. or read
text messages. instant messages.
NOTE: With certain exceptions.
adults may not use a cell phone while
driving unless hands-Iree equipment
is used. Minors may not use a cell
phone except in certain emergencies
(see page 12).
Cell phones can be a liIesaver in
emergency situations. Use your
cell phone in the Iollowing saIe
and responsible ways while driving:
· Use hands-Iree devices (except
· II your cell phone rings. do not
· Let the call go to voicemail iI you
have this Ieature.
- 66 -
· Do not use the cell phone during
· Do not engage in distracting
· Pay attention to the road.
· Use your cell phone to call Ior
help in an emergency.
Keep Your Car Visible
The driver`s blind spots are shown
on page 47. You cannot see vehicles
in these blind spots. iI you only look
in your mirrors. Turn your head to
see iI a vehicle is in one oI these
blind spots. Do not linger in another
driver`s blind spot. As quickly as you
can. drop back or pass the vehicle.
What is the Road Condition
The Iaster your speed. the less con-
trol you have oI your vehicle. Rather
than driving at the legal posted speed
limit. consider what else may aIIect
the saIe operation oI your vehicle.
For example. should you drive 35
mph (the posted speed limit) on a
curve down an icy mountain road?
Many inexperienced drivers do not
adiust their driving speed Ior road
conditions. That is one reason why
inexperienced drivers have more
'out-oI-control¨ collisions than
On curves. there is a strong outward
pull on your vehicle. especially when
the road is slippery. Rain. mud. snow.
ice and gravel make the road slip-
pery. II a speed limit is not posted
beIore a curve. you must iudge
how sharp the curve is and adiust
your speed accordingly. Slow down
beIore you enter the curve. Braking
on a curve may cause you to skid.
Driving in Heavy Traffic
Drive slower in heavy traIIic. so
you can stop within the available
As a general rule. drive more slowly:
· In shopping centers. parking lots.
and downtown areas.
· On roads with heavy traIIic.
· When you see the brake lights
oI several vehicles ahead oI you.
· Over narrow bridges and through
· Through toll plazas.
· Near schools. playgrounds. and
in residential areas.
Collisions are more likely to happen
when one driver goes Iaster or slower
than the other cars on the road.
II you drive Iaster than other traIIic.
you increase your chances oI being
involved in a collision. Studies have
shown that speeding does not save
more than a Iew minutes in an hour
oI driving time.
Driving slower than other vehicles
or stopping suddenly can be iust as
dangerous as speeding. iI not more
dangerous because you may cause
a rear end collision or cause other
drivers to swerve to avoid hitting
your vehicle. II you are in the Iast
lane and you notice vehicles moving
to the right lane to pass you. or a line
- 67 -
dry out last.
· Bridges and overpasses tend to
Ireeze beIore the rest oI the road
does. They can hide spots oI ice.
· II it starts to rain on a hot day. the
pavement can be very slippery
Ior the Iirst several minutes. Heat
causes oil in the asphalt to come
to the surIace. The oil makes the
road slippery until the rain washes
the oil oII the surIace oI the road.
Skids on Slippery Surfaces
A road that is normally saIe can be-
come dangerous when it is slippery.
Ice and packed snow on the road can
cause your vehicle to skid. especially
iI you are driving too Iast or going
downhill. II you start to skid:
· Ease oII the gas pedal.
· Stop braking. and
· Turn the steering wheel in the
direction oI the skid.
II you cannot control your vehicle
on a slippery surIace. try to Iind
something to stop the skid. Try to
get a wheel on dry pavement or on
the shoulder oI the road. You may
have to edge slowly into a snow bank
or some bushes to stop the vehicle.
To prevent skidding on slippery
· Drive slowly and stay Iarther
behind the vehicle ahead oI you.
· Slow down. as you approach
curves and intersections.
· Avoid Iast turns.
oI vehicles are Iorming behind you.
the best thing to do is move into the
right lane. when it is saIe. and let the
Water on the Road
Slow down when there is a lot oI
water on the road. In a heavy rain
at speeds oI 50 mph or more. your
tires can lose all contact with the road
and then your vehicle will be riding
on water or 'hydroplaning.¨ A slight
change oI direction or a gust oI wind
could throw your vehicle into a skid.
II your vehicle starts to hydroplane.
slow down graduallydo not apply
Slow down at the Iirst sign oI rain.
This is when many roads are the
most slippery. because oil and dust
have not washed away. A slippery
road will not give your tires the grip
they need. Drive more slowly than
you would on a dry road. Adiust
your speed as Iollows:
· Wet roadgo Iiveten miles
· Packed snowreduce your speed
· Iceslow to a crawl.
Some road surIaces are more slip-
pery than others when wet and
usually have warning signs. Here
are some clues to help you spot
· On cold. wet days. shade Irom
trees or buildings can hide spots
oI ice. These areas Ireeze Iirst and
- 68 -
· Avoid quick stops. 'Pump¨ the
brakes to slow or stop. (Do not
pump antilock brakes.)
· ShiIt to low gear beIore going
down a steep hill.
· Avoid especially slippery areas.
such as ice patches. wet leaves.
oil. or deep puddles.
II the brakes get wet. dry them by
lightly pressing the gas pedal and
brake pedal at the same time so that
the vehicle drives against the pres-
sure oI the brakes. PerIorm this light
pressing only until the brakes dry.
An acceleration skid usually hap-
pens when the drive wheels lose
traction on the road surIace. To
maintain control oI a skidding ve-
hicle. do not apply the brakes. Ease
oII the gas pedal and straighten the
Iront wheels as the vehicle begins
to straighten itselI out.
Locked Wheel Skids
This type oI skid is usually caused
by braking too hard at a high rate oI
speed and locking the wheels. The
vehicle will skid no matter which
way the steering wheel is turned.
Take your Ioot oII the brake to un-
lock the wheels. Then straighten the
Iront wheels as the vehicle begins
to straighten out. Slow the vehicle
gradually until you are at a saIe speed
to continue driving.
II your accelerator becomes stuck
1. ShiIt to neutral.
2. Apply the brakes.
3. Keep your eyes on the road.
4. Look Ior an alternate route away
Irom traIIic or look Ior a way out.
5. Warn other drivers by honking
and Ilashing your emergency
6. Try to drive the car saIely oII
7. Stop and turn oII the ignition.
(WARNING Turning the ig-
nition oII while the vehicle is
moving locks the steering wheel
oI some vehicles and you will
not have control oI the steering.)
Steering Wheel Locking Device
Never turn your vehicle`s ignition to
the 'lock¨ position while it is still in
motion. or the steering will lock and
you will lose control oI your vehicle.
COLLISIONS ARE NOT ACCIDENTS
An 'accident¨ implies an unIoreseen
event that occurs without anyone`s
Iault or negligence. Most oIten in
traIIic. that is not the case.
II you see a vehicle`s hazard lights
ahead. slow down. There may be a
collision or other road emergency
ahead. Stop and give assistance
iI asked by anyone. or pass very
Avoid driving near collisions. iI
you can. Those iniured will be
helped Iaster iI other vehicles aren`t
- 69 -
blocking the road. II you must drive
near a collision. do not stop or slow
down iust to look. You may cause
another crash. Drive by careIully.
watching Ior people in the road.
Causes of Collisions
The most common causes oI colli-
· UnsaIe speed.
· Driving on the wrong side oI
· Improper turns.
· Violating the right-oI-way rules.
· Violating stop signals and signs.
· Driver distractions.
Involved in a Collision
II you are involved in a collision:
· You must stop. Someone could
be iniured and need your help.
II you do not stop. you may be
convicted oI 'hit and run¨ and
could be severely punished.
· Call 9-1-1. iI anyone is hurt.
· Move your vehicle out oI the
traIIic lane iI no one is iniured
· Show your driver license. regis-
tration card. evidence oI Iinancial
responsibility. and current ad-
dress to the other driver. persons
involved. or police oIIicer.
· You (or your insurance agent.
broker. or legal representative)
must make a written report to the
police or CHP within 24 hours oI
the collision iI someone is killed
· You (or your insurance agent.
broker. or legal representative)
must make a written report to
DMV within 10 days.
· II you hit a parked vehicle or
other property. leave a note with
your name. phone number. and
address in or securely attached
to the vehicle or property you
hit. Report the collision to the
city police or. in unincorporated
areas. to the CHP.
· II your parked car rolls away and
hits another vehicle. try to Iind the
owner and report the incident to
authorities as mentioned above.
· II you kill or iniure an animal.
call the nearest humane society.
the police. or CHP. Do not try to
move an iniured animal or leave
an iniured animal to die.
Reporting a Collision
When you have a collision. report it
to the DMV within 10 days iI:
· More than $750 in damage was
done to the property oI any person.
· Anyone was iniured (no matter
how slightly) or killed.
Each driver (or the driver`s insurance
agent. broker. or legal representa-
tive) must make a report to DMJ
using the Report oI TraIIic Accident
Occurring in CaliIornia (SR 1) Iorm.
Go online at www.dmv.ca.gov or
call 1-800-777-0133 and ask Ior the
Report oI TraIIic Accident (SR 1)
Iorm. The CHP or police will not
make this report Ior you.
- 70 -
You or your representative must
make this report whether or not you
caused the collision. even iI the col-
lision occurred on private property.
Your driving privilege will be
· II you do not make this report.
· For up to Iour years. iI you did not
have proper insurance coverage.
During the last three years oI the
suspension. your license can be
returned to you iI you provide a
CaliIornia Insurance ProoI Cer-
tiIicate (SR 22) and maintain it
during the three-year period.
THINGS YOU MUST NOT DO:
· Do not smoke when a minor is in
the vehicle at any time. You can
be Iined up to $100.
· Do not dump or abandon animals
on a highway. This crime is pun-
ishable by a Iine oI up to $1.000.
six months in iail. or both.
· Do not operate a cell phone with-
out the use oI a hands-Iree device
(minors. see page 12).
· Do not drive a motor vehicle while
using a wireless communications
device to write. send. or read text-
· Do not wear a headset over or
earplugs in both your ears.
· Do not drive a vehicle so loaded.
either with property or people. that
you cannot control it or see ahead
or to the sides oI your vehicle.
· It is illegal to drive any vehicle
with an unsaIe. unsecured load that
is a saIety hazard (CVC 24002a).
· Do not carry anything in or on a
passenger vehicle which extends
beyond the Ienders on the leIt side
or more than six inches beyond
the Ienders on the right side.
Cargo extending more than Iour
Ieet Irom the back oI the vehicle
must display a 12-inch red or
Iluorescent orange square Ilag or
two red lights at night.
· Do not allow anyone to ride
on any part oI your vehicle not
intended Ior passengers.
· Do not allow anyone to ride in the
trunk oI your vehicle. Convictions
will result in penalties Ior both the
driver and the person(s) riding in
· Do not allow a person to ride in
the back oI a pickup or other truck.
unless the vehicle is equipped with
seats and the person uses both the
seat and a saIety belt.
· Do not transport animals in the
back oI a pickup or other truck
unless the animal is properly
· Do not leave a child or an animal
unattended in a hot vehicle (see
· Do not tow anyone who is riding
a bicycle. in a wagon. on roller
skates. roller blades. skis. sled. toy
vehicle. or skateboard. etc.
- 71 -
· Do not litter the roadside. The
Iine is $1.000. and you may be
Iorced to pick up what you threw
away. Littering convictions show
on your driving record.
· Do not wear eyeglasses with
temples wide enough to keep you
Irom seeing clearly to the sides.
· Do not drive a vehicle equipped
with a video monitor. iI the
monitor is visible to the driver
and displays anything other than
vehicle inIormation or global
· Do not honk your horn unless
it is a saIety warning to avoid a
· Do not throw any cigarette. cigar.
or other Ilaming or glowing sub-
stance Irom your vehicle.
· Do not shoot Iirearms on a high-
way or at traIIic signs.
· Do not block your view by put-
ting signs or other obiects on the
Iront windshield or the back side
windows. Do not hang obiects on
the mirror. Windshield/window
stickers. etc.. are permitted in
these locations only:
A seven-inch square on either
the passenger`s side wind-
shield. lower corner; or the
lower corner oI the rear win-
A Iive-inch square on the
lower corner oI the driver`s
The side windows behind the
· Do not drive any motor vehicle
into a designated wilderness area
· Do not drive with illegally
tinted saIety glass. II you have
sun-sensitive skin. you may use
removable sun screens during
daylight travel iI you have a letter
Irom your physician.
· Do not block or hinder a Iuneral
procession. Vehicles taking part
in a Iuneral procession have the
right-oI-way. and iI you interIere.
obstruct. or interrupt the Iuneral
procession you are subiect to a
citation (CVC §2817). A Iuneral
procession is led by a traIIic oI-
Iicer. and all vehicles taking part
in the procession have windshield
markers to identiIy them and have
their headlights on.
· Do not ride. or allow a child to
ride. a 'pocket bike¨ on a public
street or highway. These vehicles
are not manuIactured or designed
Ior highway use. and they do not
meet Iederal saIety standards.
THINGS YOU MUST DO:
· You must drive as Iar to the right
as reasonably possible on narrow
mountain roads. and iI you cannot
see at least 200 Ieet ahead honk
· You must use your headlights
30 minutes aIter sunset and leave
them on until 30 minutes beIore
· You must dim your lights to low
beams within 500 Ieet oI a vehicle
- 72 -
coming toward you or within 300
Ieet oI a vehicle you are Iollowing.
· You must turn on your headlights
iI snow. rain. Iog. or low-visibility
(1.000 Ieet or less) require the use
oI windshield wipers.
· You must move your vehicle
out oI the traIIic lane (unless it
is disabled) when it is saIe to do
so. iI you are involved in a colli-
sion. Law enIorcement may tow
or impound your vehicle iI it is
leIt in an unsaIe area and causes
HEALTH AND SAFETY
SAFETY FOR THE AGING DRIVER
The department has published a
handbook speciIically Ior senior
drivers. Please go online at www.
dmv.ca.gov to view or download a
copy oI the Senior Guide for Safe
Driving. or call 1-800-777-0133 to
request a copy by mail or contact the
Senior Driver Ombudsman Program
in your area:
Orange/San Bernardino/San Diego
GOOD VISION FOR ALL DRIVERS
You need good vision to drive saIely.
II you cannot see clearly. you cannot
iudge distances or spot trouble. and
you will not be able to make the best
iudgements. You also need to see
peripherally or 'out oI the corner
oI your eye¨ to spot cars coming
up beside you. while your eyes are
on the road ahead.
You may see clearly and still not be
able to iudge distances. You need
good distance iudgment so you know
how Iar you are Irom other cars.
Many people who may see clearly
in the daytime have trouble seeing
clearly at night. Some people see
poorly in dim light. Others may have
trouble with the glare oI headlights.
Have your eyes checked every
year or two. You may never know
about poor peripheral vision or poor
distance iudgment. unless you have
your eyes checked by a healthcare
Hearing is more important to driv-
ing than many people realize. The
sound oI horns. a siren. or screech-
ing tires can warn you oI danger.
Sometimes you can hear a vehicle;
but cannot see it. especially iI it is
in your blind spots.
Even people with good hearing can-
not hear well iI the radio or CD player
is blaring. Do not wear a headset or
earplugs in both ears while driving;
it is against the law.
Hearing problems. like bad eyesight.
can come on so slowly that you do
not notice them. Have your hearing
checked periodically. Drivers that
are deaI or hearing-impaired can
- 73 -
adiust their driver saIety habits by
relying more on their seeing sense
and thereIore. compensate Ior the
loss oI hearing.
When you are tired. you are less alert.
The body naturally wants to sleep at
night. Most drivers are less alert at
night especially aIter midnight. You
may not see hazards as soon or react
as quickly. as when you are rested
and alert; so your chances oI having
a crash may be greater. II you are
sleepy. the only saIe response is to
get oII the road and get some sleep.
To keep Irom becoming tired on a
· Get a normal night`s sleep beIore
you start on your trip.
· Do not take any drugs that can
make you drowsy.
· Do not drive long hours. and try
not to drive late at night.
· Take regular rest stops even iI
you are not tired.
· Keep shiIting your eyes Irom one
part oI the road to another. Look at
obiects near and Iar. leIt and right.
· Try chewing gum or singing along
with the radio/CD.
· Roll your window down to get
some Iresh air.
II you are tired all the time and Iall
asleep oIten during the day. ask
your physician to check Ior a sleep
Remember that all medications.
pre scrip tion or over-the-counter.
are potentially dangerous. Over-
the-counter medicines that you take
Ior colds and allergies can make
you drowsy and aIIect your driving
ability. II you must take medication
beIore driving. Iind out the eIIects oI
the medication Irom your physician
or pharmacist. It is your responsi-
bility to know the effects of the
medications you take.
BeIore you decide to drive. do not:
· Mix medications. unless directed
by your physician.
· Take medications prescribed Ior
· Mix alcohol with your medi-
cations. This applies to both
prescribed and over-the-counter
HOT WEATHER RISKS
As stated on page 20. it is against
the law to leave unattended minor
children in a vehicle. Additionally.
and equally important. it is danger-
ous and deadly to leave children and/
or animals in a hot vehicle. AIter
sitting in the sun. with even a slightly
opened window. the temperature can
rise rapidly inside a parked vehicle.
The temperature inside a vehicle can
rise approximately 40-50 degrees
higher than the outside temperature.
Dehydration. heat stroke. and death
can result Irom overexposure to the
heat. Remember iI it`s too hot Ior
you. it`s too hot Ior children and pets.
- 74 -
HEALTH AND EMOTIONS
Your personality aIIects the way
you drive. Do not let your emotions
interIere with saIe driving. Use all
oI your good iudgment. common
sense. and courtesy when you drive
and Iollow all the recommended saIe
Discuss health concerns such as poor
vision. heart problems. diabetes. or
epilepsy with your physician and Iol-
low his or her advice. NotiIy DMV
iI you have a condition that might
aIIect your ability to drive saIely.
CONDITIONS PHYSICIANS MUST
Physicians and surgeons are required
to report patients at least 14 years
oI age and older who are diagnosed
as having lapses oI consciousness.
Alzheimer`s Disease. or related dis-
orders. (California Health & Safetv
Although not required by law. your
physician may report to DMV any
other medical condition that he or
she believes may aIIect your ability
to drive saIely.
According to the CHP. iI your
vehicle becomes disabled on the
· SaIely pull to the right shoulder.
Ideally. park the vehicle next to
a call box. iI possible. (There is
a call box located every quarter
mile to two miles.)
· II you must exit the vehicle. exit
on the right side oI your vehicle.
away Irom traIIic.
· Once you arrange Ior assistance.
return to your vehicle. get back
into the vehicle Irom the right
side (away Irom traIIic). and put
on your seatbelts.
· Stay inside your vehicle with the
seatbelts on until help arrives.
In certain circumstances. exit your
vehicle. such as when there is not
enough shoulder space or iI there is
a guard rail or an area to saIely stay
away Irom the Ireeway lanes. and
away Irom your vehicle. Use your
emergency blinking lights at your
discretion according to weather
conditions. The lights may be help-
Iul. but they could also attract drunk
The CaliIornia Highway Patrol`s
Freeway Service Patrol (FSP)
provides Iree emergency roadside
services during commute periods.
II you get stuck on the Ireeway
because your automobile stops run-
ning. FSP will:
· OIIer you a gallon oI gas iI you
· 'Jump start¨ your vehicle iI the
battery is dead.
· ReIill your radiator and tape
· Change a Ilat tire.
The FSP program:
· Cannot tow your vehicle to a
private repair service or residence.
- 75 -
· Does not recommend tow service
companies or repair and body
· Does not tow motorcycles.
· Does not assist vehicles which
have been involved in a collision
unless directed by the CHP.
· Does report any collision to the
II FSP cannot start your vehicle. it
will be towed Iree oI charge to a
location approved by the CHP. FSP
will also contact additional assis-
tance Ior you. The CHP will notiIy
an auto club or towing service.
The FSP serves the Iollowing areas:
· Valley Divisionthe Sacramento
metro and Tracy areas
· Golden Gate Divisionthe San
Francisco Bay Area
· Central Divisionthe Fresno area
· Southern Divisionthe Los An-
· Inland Divisionthe Riverside
· Border Divisionthe San Diego
and Orange County areas
· Coastal Divisionthe Monterey
and Santa Cruz areas
Call 1-800-TELLCHP (835-5247)
to Iind out iI the FSP operates where
you are and how to contact the FSP.
Most inIormation in your driver
license Iile is available to the public.
Your residence address may only be
viewed by authorized agencies. Your
mailing address. iI diIIerent Irom
your residence. is less restricted.
Records on the physical or men-
tal condition oI a driver remain
You may obtain a copy oI your driv-
ing record at any DMV oIIice Ior a
Iee with valid identiIication.
VEHICLE THEFT PREVENTION TIPS
II you Iollow the suggestions below.
you can minimize your chances
oI becoming the victim oI vehicle
theIt. In the United States. a ve-
hicle is stolen an average oI every
21 minutes. Vehicle theIt results in
costs to the victim and it increases
insurance premiums. Also. vehicle
thieves oIten use the stolen vehicles
to commit other crimes.
Vehicle theIts occur more oIten
where large groups oI cars are parked
at any time oI day Ior extended
periods oI time. such as shopping
centers. colleges. sporting events.
movie complexes. and large apart-
Here are some tips you can use
to avoid becoming the victim oI
· Never leave:
Your vehicle running and unat-
tended even to dash into a store.
The keys in the ignition. Do
not leave keys inside a locked
garage or a hide-a-key box.
Valuables such as purses. lap-
tops. etc.. in plain view even iI
your vehicle is locked. Place
them out oI sight.
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Personal identiIication docu-
ments. such as the ownership
title or credit cards in the
Roll up your windows and lock
your vehicle even iI it is parked
in Iront oI your house.
Park in high-traIIic. well-light-
ed areas whenever possible.
Report a stolen vehicle imme-
diately to the police.
Install a mechanical device
that locks the steering wheel.
column. or brakes.
Think about purchasing a
vehicle theIt tracking/security
system. especially iI you own
one oI the Irequently-stolen
When you must leave your
key with a valet. attendant. or
mechanic. only leave the igni-
Copy your license plate and
vehicle inIormation on a card.
and keep that inIormation with
you and not in the car. The po-
lice will need this inIormation.
iI your vehicle is stolen.
TraIIic breaks are used by law en-
Slow or stop traIIic to remove
hazards Irom the roadway.
Conduct emergency opera-
Prevent traIIic collisions in
heavy Iog or unusually heavy
During a traIIic break. the oIIicer
turns on the rear emergency lights.
slows the vehicle. and drives across
the lanes oI traIIic in a serpentine
manner. To assist the oIIicer in
conducting a traIIic break:
Activate your emergency Ilash-
ers to warn other drivers there
is a hazard ahead.
Slowly begin to decrease your
speed. Do not slow abruptly
unless it is necessary to avoid
a collision. Slow to the same
speed as the oIIicer. while
keeping a saIe distance Irom
the patrol vehicle ahead oI you.
Do not attempt to drive past the
patrol vehicle. Do not acceler-
ate until the patrol vehicle has
turned oII its emergency lights
and traIIic conditions ahead al-
low the return to normal speeds.
WHAT A DRIVER SHOULD DO
DURING AN ENFORCEMENT STOP
Acknowledge the officer`s pres-
ence by turning on your right turn
signal. Activating your signal lets
the oIIicer know that you recog-
nize his or her presence. An oIIicer
may become alarmed iI you Iail
to recognize him or her and might
perceive that you have a reason to
avoid yielding or that you might be
- 77 -
Move your vehicle to the right
shoulder of the road. The oIIicer
will guide you. using his or her
patrol vehicle. Do not move onto
the center median. Do not stop in
the center median oI a Ireeway or
on the opposite side oI a two lane
roadway. This places both the driver
and the oIIicer in danger oI being hit
by oncoming traIIic.
On a freeway. move completely
onto the right shoulder. even if
you`re in the carpool lane. Stop
in well lit areas when possible. Pull
your vehicle as Iar oII the roadway
as possible. When it is dark. look Ior
locations that have more light such
as areas with street or Ireeway lights.
near restaurants or service stations.
End your cell phone conversa-
tion and turn off your radio. The
oIIicer needs your Iull attention to
communicate with you to complete
the enIorcement stop in the least
amount oI time needed.
Remain inside your vehicle unless
otherwise directed by the officer.
Never step out oI your vehicle. un-
less an oIIicer directs you to do so.
During an enIorcement stop. the
oIIicer`s priorities are your saIety.
the saIety oI your passengers. and
the oIIicer`s own personal saIety. In
most situations. the saIest place Ior
you and your passengers is inside
your vehicle. Exiting your vehicle
without Iirst being directed by an
oIIicer can increase the risk oI being
struck by a passing vehicle and/or
increase the oIIicer`s level oI Ieeling
Place your hands in clear view.
including all passengers` hands
such as on the steering wheel.
on top of your lap. etc. During
an enIorcement stop. an oIIicer`s
inability to see the hands oI the
driver and all occupants in the
vehicle increases the oIIicer`s
level oI Ieeling threatened. Most
violent criminal acts against a law
enIorcement oIIicer occur through
the use oI a person`s hands. such as
the use oI a Iirearm. sharp obiect.
etc. II your windows are tinted.
it is recommended that you roll
down your windows aIter you have
stopped your vehicle on the right
shoulder oI the roadway and beIore
the oIIicer makes contact with you.
ACTIONS THAT RESULT IN
LOSS OF LICENSE
The CaliIornia Compulsory Finan-
cial Responsibility Law requires
every driver and every owner oI a
motor vehicle to maintain Iinancial
responsibility (liability coverage) at
all times. There are Iour Iorms oI
· A motor vehicle liability insur-
· A deposit oI $35.000 with DMV.
· A surety bond Ior $35.000 ob-
tained Irom a company licensed
to do business in CaliIornia.
· A DMV issued selI-insurance
- 78 -
You must carry written evidence oI
Iinancial responsibility whenever
you drive. and show it to a police
oIIicer aIter a traIIic stop or collision
when asked to do so. You may have
to pay a Iine or have your vehicle
impounded iI you do not comply
with this law.
The law states that you must be
Iinancially responsible Ior your
actions whenever you drive and Ior
all the motor vehicles you own. Most
drivers choose to have a liability
insurance policy as prooI oI Iinancial
responsibility. II you have a collision
not covered by your insurance. or
you do not have insurance. your
driver license will be suspended. II
the driver is not identiIied. the owner
oI the motor vehicle involved in a
collision will have his or her driver
The minimum amount your insur-
ance* must cover per collision is:
· $15.000 Ior a single death or
· $30.000 Ior death or iniury to
more than one person.
· $5.000 Ior property damage.
Call 1-800-927-HELP. beIore you
purchase insurance to conIirm that
your agent/broker and insurer are
licensed by the CaliIornia Depart-
ment oI Insurance.
* Low cost automobile policies are available in Alameda.
Contra Costa. Fresno. Imperial. Kern. Los Angeles.
Orange. Riverside. Sacramento. San Bernardino. San
Diego. San Francisco. San Joaquin. San Mateo. Santa
Clara. and Stanislaus counties. Please contact your
II you are visiting CaliIornia or have
iust moved here. be aware that not
all out-oI-state insurance companies
are authorized to do business in
CaliIornia. BeIore you drive here.
ask your insurance company iI you
are covered in case oI a collision. II
you have a collision in CaliIornia.
all three oI the Iollowing conditions
must be met to avoid the suspension
oI your driving privilege:
1. Your liability policy must pro-
vide bodily iniury and property
damage coverage which equals
or exceeds the required limits
2. Your insurance company must
Iile a power oI attorney allowing
DMV to act as its agent Ior legal
service in CaliIornia.
3. You must insure the vehicle
beIore you come to CaliIornia.
You cannot renew the out-oI-
state policy. once the vehicle is
registered in CaliIornia.
Collisions on Your Record
DMV retains inIormation on every
collision reported to DMV by:
· Law enIorcement. unless the
reporting oIIicer states another
person was at Iault.
· You. or another party involved in
the collision. iI any one person has
over $750 in damage or iI anyone
is iniured or dies.
It does not matter who caused the
collision; DMV must keep this
- 79 -
Provide law enforcement with the:
vehicle make & model
One call could save a life.
If you see a drunk driver
on the road, call 911.
Collisions, Insurance, and Minors
II you are under 18 years oI age. your
parent(s) or guardian(s) must sign
your driver license application and
assume Iinancial responsibility Ior
your driving. When you reach age
18. your parent(s) or guardian(s)
liability automatically ends.
II you are involved in a collision
your parent(s) or guardian(s) may
be liable Ior civil damages and you
may also be Iined.
EXCEPTION: Your parent(s) or
guardian(s) can have your license
cancelled at any time while you
are a minor.
ALCOHOL/DRUGS WHILE DRIVING
Alcohol/Drugs and Driving Is
Alcohol and/or drugs impairs your
iudgment. Impaired iudgment or
good sense. aIIects how you react to
sounds and what you see. It is also
dangerous to walk in traIIic or ride
a bicycle. while under the inIluence
oI alcohol or drugs. It takes about an
hour Ior the body to get rid oI each
'drink.¨ II a person has had more
than one drink an hour. one hour oI
'sobering up¨ time should be al-
lowed Ior each extra drink consumed
beIore driving. Better still. someone
who has not been drinking should
drive (see page 86).
Much oI what has been said about
alcohol also applies to drugs.
CaliIornia`s drunk driving law is
also a drug driving law. It reIers
to 'driving under the inIluence oI
alcohol and/or drugs.¨ II an oIIicer
suspects that you are under the
inIluence oI drugs. the oIIicer can
legally require you to take a blood or
urine test. Drivers who reIuse these
tests are subiect to longer license
suspensions and revocations.
The use oI any drug (the law does not
distinguish between prescription.
over-the-counter. or illegal drugs)
which impairs your ability to drive
saIely is illegal. Check with your
physician or pharmacist and read
the warning label iI you are not sure
that taking the medication will aIIect
your driving. Here are some Iacts:
· Most drugs taken Ior colds. hay
Iever. allergy. or to calm nerves
or muscles can make a person
· Medicines taken together or used
with alcohol can be dangerous.
Many drugs have unexpected side
eIIects when taken with alcohol.
· Pep pills. 'uppers.¨ and diet pills
can make a driver more alert Ior
a short time. Later. however. they
can cause a person to be nervous.
dizzy. and not able to concentrate.
They can also aIIect vision.
Any drug that 'may cause drowsi-
ness or dizziness¨ is one you should
not take beIore driving. Make sure
you read the label and know the eI-
Iects oI any drug you use.
Carrying Alcohol in a Vehicle
The law is very strict about carry-
ing alcohol or drugs in a vehicle.
whether the vehicle is on or oII the
- 82 -
highway. You must not drink any
amount oI alcohol in any vehicle.
A container oI liquor. beer. or wine
carried inside the vehicle must be
Iull. sealed. and unopened. Other-
wise. it must be kept in the trunk
oI the vehicle or in a place where
passengers do not sit. Keeping an
opened alcoholic drink in the glove
compartment is speciIically against
In a bus. taxi. camper. or motor
home. this law does not apply to
ReIer to page 86 Ior the Designated
Drivers Under 21 (Possession of
II you are under 21 years oI age:
· You may not carry liquor. beer. or
wine inside a vehicle unless you
are accompanied by a parent or
other person as speciIied by law
and the container must be Iull.
sealed. and unopened.
· II you are caught with an alcoholic
beverage in your vehicle. it may be
impounded Ior up to 30 days. The
court may Iine you up to $1.000.
and either suspend your driving
privilege Ior one year or require
DMV to delay the issuance oI your
Iirst license Ior up to one year. iI
you are not already licensed.
· Your driving privilege will be
revoked Ior one year. iI you are
convicted oI either driving with a
BAC oI 0.01° or higher. or driv-
ing while under the inIluence oI
alcohol and/or drugs. On the Iirst
oIIense you will be required to
complete the educational portion
oI a licensed driving-under-the-
inIluence (DUI) program. A
subsequent oIIense may require
a longer DUI program and you
will not have a restricted license
to attend the DUI program.
EXCEPTION: You may carry
alcoholic beverages in closed
containers. while working Ior
someone with an oII-site liquor
Drivers of All Ages
It is illegal to drive aIter consum-
ing excessive amounts oI alcohol
in any Iorm (including medications
such as cough syrup). or taking any
drug (including prescription medi-
cations). or using any combination
oI alcohol or drugs.
Blood Alcohol Concentration
It is illegal Ior any person to operate
a vehicle with a:
· BAC oI 0.08° or higher. iI the
person is age 21 or older.
· BAC oI 0.01° or higher. iI the
person is under age 21.
· BAC oI 0.01° or higher at any
age. iI the person is on DUI
· BAC oI 0.04° or higher. in any
vehicle requiring a commercial
driver license (CDL)with or
without a CDL issued to the
- 83 -
The DMV can take an administrative
action against your driving privilege
aIter you are detained or arrested.
and the court may take a separate
action (suspend. revoke. or delay
the license) Ior the same oIIense.
DMV`s action is related only to
your driving privilege. The court`s
action may involve the payment
oI a Iine. iail time. suspension. or
revocation oI your driving privilege
and completion oI a DUI program.
Similar provisions (California
Harbors and Navigation Code)
apply when you operate any vessel.
aquaplane. iet skis. water skis. or
similar devices. These convictions
are placed on your driving record
and will be used by the court to
determine 'prior convictions¨ Ior
motor vehicle DUI sentencing.
These convictions are also used
when determining the length oI a
suspension or revocation action
or the reinstatement requirements.
because oI a violation you commit-
ted while driving a motor vehicle.
ADMIN PER SE
When you drive in CaliIornia. you
consent to have your breath. blood
or. under certain circumstances.
urine tested iI you are arrested Ior
driving under the inIluence oI alco-
hol. drugs. or a combination oI both.
Under 21-Zero 1olerance for
Alcohol Use. II you are under 21
years oI age. you must submit to a
hand-held breath test. Preliminary
Alcohol Screening (PAS). or one oI
the other chemical tests iI you have
been detained and a police oIIicer
has reason to believe you were drink-
ing alcohol. II your BAC measures
0.01° or higher on the PAS. the oI-
Iicer may take your license and issue
you a temporary license Ior only 30
days. give you an order oI suspen-
sion Ior one year. and then determine
whether to release you. turn you over
to iuvenile authorities. or contact
your parent(s) or guardian(s). You
may request a DMV administrative
hearing within 10 days.
II your PAS shows a BAC oI 0.05°.
the oIIicer may require you to sub-
mit to either a breath or blood test.
Some PAS devices provide a record
which may be submitted to the court
as evidence. Other PAS devices do
not provide a record. so the oIIicer
may ask Ior a breath or blood test
aIter the PAS. You do not have a
right to consult with a lawyer beIore
selecting or completing a test.
II a subsequent test reveals a BAC
oI 0.05° or higher. the oIIicer will
issue you an order oI suspension.
arrest you Ior DUI (CVC §23140).
and detain you until you can be
turned over to your parent(s).
guardian(s). or iuvenile authorities.
II your BAC is 0.08° or higher. the
police oIIicer may arrest you (CVC
§§23152 or 23153).
II the oIIicer reasonably believes
you are under the combined inIlu-
ence oI alcohol and drugs and you
have already submitted to a PAS
and/or a breath test. you may still be
required to submit to a blood or urine
- 84 -
test because the breath test does not
detect the presence oI drugs.
II you reIuse to submit to any oI the
tests. your driving privilege may be
suspended because oI your reIusal.
Even iI you change your mind later
and agree to a test. and your BAC
measures 0.01° or higher on the
PAS. your driving privilege may be
suspended Ior both reasons. although
both actions will run concurrently.
COURT DUI CONVICTIONS
II you are convicted oI driving
while under the inIluence oI either
alcohol and/or drugs or both (DUI).
and you have an excessive BAC
level. you may be sentenced to
serve up to six months in iail and
pay a Iine between $390$1.000
(plus about three times the Iine in
penalty assessments) the Iirst time
you are convicted. Your vehicle
may be impounded and is subiect
to storage Iees.
On the Iirst conviction the court will
suspend your driving privilege Ior six
months and require you to complete
a DUI program beIore your driver
license can be reinstated. The length
oI the program may vary. II your
BAC is 0.15° or higher. and you
already have a record oI violations
Ior other reasons. or you reIuse to
submit to a chemical test. the court
may order you to complete a nine-
month or longer program. II your
BAC is 0.20° or higher. and the
court reIers you to an enhanced DUI
treatment program. your license will
be suspended Ior 10 months. You
could also be required to install an
ignition interlock device (IID) on
your vehicle. A court may also order
you to install an IID iI your BAC is
0.15° or higher. or you have two
or more prior moving violations.
or you reIuse a chemical test at the
time oI your arrest. An IID prevents
you Irom starting your vehicle iI you
have any alcohol on your breath. II
anyone was iniured as a result oI
your driving under the inIluence.
the suspension period is one year.
In cases involving serious iniury or
death. you may be punished under
the CaliIornia Three Strikes Law.
You may also Iace civil lawsuits.
All DUI convictions will remain on
DMV`s records Ior 10 years. The
courts and/or DMV may impose
more stringent penalties Ior subse-
quent violations during that period.
A BAC below legal limits does not
mean that you are saIe to drive. Al-
most all drivers show impairment by
alcohol at levels lower than the legal
limit. The impairment you exhibit
at the time you are stopped may be
enough to convict you oI driving
under the inIluence even without a
Drivers 21 and Older —DUI
Programs and Restricted
The completion oI a DUI program
is required Ior all DUI convictions.
Generally. iI you are over 21 years
oI age. and you enroll in a DUI
program. Iile a CaliIornia Insurance
ProoI CertiIicate (SR 22). and pay
- 85 -
the restriction and reissue Iees. DMV
will issue you a restricted driver
license. which allows you to drive
to/Irom work and during the course
oI employment (unless you hold a
commercial driver license) and to/
Irom a DUI program. However. iI
you are considered a 'traIIic saIety¨
or 'public saIety¨ risk. iI permitted
to drive. the court may order DMV
to not grant you a restricted driver
license. Other actions against you
may also prohibit the issuance oI a
Second and subsequent DUI convic-
tions result in increased penalties.
including a two-year suspension or a
revocation oI up to Iour years. AIter
you complete a prescribed period
oI your suspension/revocation and
either enroll in. or complete a por-
tion oI. a DUI program. you may
obtain a restricted license to drive
anywhere necessary. iI you:
· Install an IID on your vehicle.
· Agree not to drive any vehicle-
without an IID.
· Agree to complete the prescribed
· File an SR 22.
· Pay the reissue and restriction
DESIGNATED DRIVER PROGRAM
The Designated Driver Program is
an anti-DUI eIIort that works. This
program encourages one individual
to abstain Irom consuming alcoholic
beverages during an outing; so he or
she can be responsible Ior transport-
ing other person(s) saIely.
To participate as a designated driver.
· Should be at least 21 years oI age
and must possess a valid driver
· Must be part oI a group oI two
or more persons and verbally
identiIy himselI or herselI as the
designated driver to the server.
· Must abstain Irom consuming
alcoholic beverages Ior the dura-
tion oI the outing.
· Must not be an otherwise impaired
· Must understand that manage-
ment reserves the right to reIuse
service to anyone at any time.
GETTING A TICKET
II you are stopped by a police oIIicer
and cited Ior a traIIic law violation.
you sign a promise to appear in
traIIic court. When you go to court.
you may plead guilty or not guilty.
or you may IorIeit (pay) the citation
Iine. Paying the Iine is the same as
a guilty plea.
II you ignore the traIIic ticket and
do not keep your promise to appear
in court. the Iailure to appear (FTA)
goes on your driver record. II you
Iail to pay a Iine (FTP). the court will
notiIy DMV. and this will also show
on your driver record. Even one FTA
or FTP can cause the department to
suspend your license. Ending the
suspension will cost you a license
reissue Iee oI $55.
- 86 -
Each time you are convicted oI a
moving traIIic law violation. the
court notiIies DMV. and the convic-
tion is placed on your driver license
record. Convictions reported by
other states are also added to your
EVADING A POLICE OFFICER
Any person who willIully Ilees or
attempts to evade a police oIIicer
perIorming his or her duties is
guilty oI a misdemeanor punishable
by imprisonment in a county
iail Ior not more than one year
II a person is convicted oI causing
serious bodily iniury during the
course oI a police pursuit (CVC
§2800.3(a)). he or she is subiect to:
· Imprisonment in a state prison
Ior three. Iive. or seven years. or
in a county iail Ior not more than
· A Iine oI not less than $2.000. nor
more than $10.000.
· Both a Iine and imprisonment.
When a person is convicted oI man-
slaughter resulting Irom evading
police during a pursuit. he or she is
subiect to imprisonment in a state
prison Ior a minimum oI Iour to ten
years (CVC §2800.3(b)).
POINTS ON THE DRIVER RECORD
The DMV keeps a public record
oI all your traIIic convictions and
collisions. Each occurrence stays
on your record Ior 36 months. or
longer. depending on the type oI
The Negligent Operator Treatment
System (NOTS) is based on negli-
gent operator points and consists oI
a computer generated series oI warn-
ing letters and progressive sanctions
against the driving privilege.
You may be considered a negligent
operator. when your driving record
shows one oI the Iollowing 'point
· 4 points in 12 months
· 6 points in 24 months
· 8 points in 36 months
Some examples oI one point
· A traIIic conviction.
· An at-Iault collision.
Some examples oI two point
· Reckless driving or hit-and-run
· Driving under the inIluence oI
· Driving while driver license is
suspended or revoked
II you get 4 points in 12 months. you
will lose your driver license. A viola-
tion received in a commercial vehicle
carries one and one-halI times the
point count normally assessed. For
detailed point count inIormation
reIer to the California Commercial
- 87 -
CaliIornia law allows the courts to
suspend the driver license Ior up to
two years oI a person convicted oI
engaging in vandalism. including
graIIiti. II you are convicted and do
not have a driver license. the courts
can delay the issuance oI your driver
license Ior up to three years Irom the
date you are legally eligible to drive.
A person convicted oI driving
recklessly or engaging in a speed
contest which causes bodily iniury
to another person is subiect to:
· Imprisonment in a county iail or
state prison Ior a minimum oI 30
days to 6 months.
· A Iine ranging Irom $220
· Both a Iine and imprisonment
(CVC §§23105 and 23109.1).
The court will:
· Suspend or revoke the driving
privilege oI any minor convicted
oI possessing a concealable
weapon or live ammunition. or
· Impose driver license sanctions
Ior minors convicted oI misde-
meanors involving Iirearms.
TRAFFIC VIOLATOR SCHOOL
When a driver is cited Ior a one point
traIIic violation. the iudge may oIIer
the driver the opportunity to attend
a TraIIic Violator School. Drivers
who do not have a commercial li-
cense may participate once in any
18-month period to have a citation
dismissed Irom their driving record.
NOTE: II you have a commercial
license and attend traIIic school. the
citation will still appear on your driv-
ing record. regardless oI the type oI
vehicle you were driving when cited.
SUSPENSION OR REVOCATION
II you get too many negligent driver
points. DMV will place you on pro-
bation Ior one year (which includes
a six-month suspension) or revoke
your driving privilege (see page 86).
Your suspension or revocation order
inIorms you oI your right to a hearing.
At the end oI the suspension or re-
vocation period. you may apply Ior
a new license. and you must show
prooI oI Iinancial responsibility.
The DMV will revoke your license
iI you are convicted oI a hit-and-run
or reckless driving. which results
- 88 -
VEHICLE REGISTRATION REQUIREMENTS
The Iollowing is a brieI summary oI CaliIornia`s vehicle registration require-
ments. Please visit the DMV website to obtain detailed inIormation at www.
When you purchase a new or used vehicle Irom a licensed CaliIornia dealer. the
dealer collects use tax and Iees to register and title the vehicle.
The dealer submits these Iees and documents to DMV and gives you temporary
operating authority. Usually within sixeight weeks aIter the purchase date.
you will receive a registration card. license plates. stickers. and a CertiIicate
oI Title. iI appropriate.
II you obtain or purchase a vehicle Irom a private party. you must transIer
the ownership within 10 days. Submit the Iollowing to DMV:
· A properly endorsed and completed CertiIicate oI Title or Application Ior
Duplicate Title (REG 227).
· Smog certiIication provided by the seller iI required.
· Use tax payment iI required.
· Odometer Mileage Disclosure Statement iI applicable.
· Appropriate DMV Iees.
When you sell or transfer a vehicle. report it to DMV within 5 days. You
can complete the Notice oI TransIer and Release oI Liability Iorm (REG 138)
online. download and mail the completed Iorm. or call DMV at 1-800-777-
0133 to request a Iorm by mail.
SUSPENSION BY JUDGE
A iudge may suspend a person`s
license. iI the driver is convicted oI
one oI the Iollowing:
· Breaking speed laws or reckless
· Driving under the inIluence oI
alcohol or drugs.
· Engaging in lewd conduct and
prostitution in a vehicle within
1.000 Ieet oI a residence.
· Assaulting a driver. passenger.
bicyclist. or pedestrian when
the oIIense occurs on a highway
· Failure to stop as required at a
railway grade crossing.
· Felony or misdemeanor oIIense oI
recklessly Ileeing a law enIorce-
Regardless oI the point count. many
serious oIIenses in which a vehicle
is used are punishable by heavy
penalties such as Iines and/or im-
prisonment. II you use your vehicle
as a weapon your driver license may
be permanently revoked.
- 89 -
Vehicles registered in another state or Ioreign country must be registered
in CaliIornia within 20 days aIter you become a resident or get a iob
(see page 2).
Nonresident military personnel and their spouses may operate their vehicles
in CaliIornia with their valid home state license plates or until the plates is-
sued Irom the state oI their last assigned duty station expire. They may renew
the registration in their home state beIore it expires or register the vehicle in
The items needed to register any out-oI-state vehicle are:
· Completed and signed Application Ior Title or Registration
· VeriIication oI the vehicle completed by the DMV. law enIorcement agent.
or an auto club employee.
· Out-oI-state title and/or last issued out-oI-state registration card. iI the title
is not submitted.
· Smog certiIication (1976 and newer motor vehicles only).
· Weight certiIicate Ior commercial vehicles only.
· Appropriate DMV Iees and use tax iI applicable.
· Completed Odometer Mileage Disclosure statement iI applicable.
- 90 -
RELATED FAST FACTS AND OTHER PUBLICATIONS (AVAILABLE ONLINE):
· FFDL 05 Birth Date and Legal Presence Requirements
· FFDL 08 Social Securitv Number Requirements for a
Driver License or Identification Card
· FFDL 08A Supplemental Social Securitv Information for Applications with
JISA E1/E2 and L1/L2 (and others)
· FFDL 10 Potentiallv Unsafe Driver
· FFDL 14 Jision Requirements For Driving Class C Jehicles
· FFDL 15 Retention of Driver Record Information
· FFDL 16 Collisions. What To Do
· FFDL 19 Provisional Licensing Changes
· FFDL 22 How to Prepare for Your Driving Test
· FFDL 24 Identitv Theft
· FFDL 25 Identitv Fraud
· FFDL 26 A Guide to the Driver Safetv Administrative Hearing Process
· FFDL 27 DMJs Reexamination Process
· FFDL 28 Driver Distractions
· FFDL 29 Federal Hazardous Materials Requirements -
USA Patriot Act of 2001
· FFDL 31 Ignition Interlock Devices
· FFDL 32 Limited Term for Legal Presence -
Driver License and Identification Card Applications
· FFDL 33 Selecting a Driving School
· FFDL 34 Organ and Tissue Donation
· FFDL 35 Driving Under the Influence -
Immediate Driver License Suspension.
Drivers age 21 and Older
· FFDL 36 Driving Under the Influence - Immediate Driver License
Suspension. Drivers Under Age 21 With a 0.01º BAC
· FFDL 37 Safetv Tips for Bicvclists and Motorists
· FFDL 40 Diabetes and Driving
· Senior Guide for Safe Driving (DL 625)
· Parent-Teen Training Guide (DL 603)
· Driving Test Criteria (DL 955)
- 91 -
DISTRACTIONS: A split
second can change or end
SAMPLE TEST #1
1. When you drive through a construction zone. you should:
a. Slow down to watch the workers.
b. Decrease your Iollowing distance.
c. Pass the construction zone careIully and not 'rubberneck¨.
2. To make a right turn at the corner. you:
a. May not enter the bicycle lane.
. Should only merge into the bicycle lane iI you stop beIore turning.
. Must merge into the bicycle lane beIore turning.
3. II a traIIic signal light is not working. you must:
a. Stop. then proceed when saIe.
b. Stop beIore entering the intersection and let all other traIIic go Iirst.
c. Slow down or stop. only iI necessary.
4. A pedestrian is crossing your lane but there is no crosswalk. You should:
a. Make sure the pedestrian sees you. but continue driving.
b. CareIully drive around the pedestrian.
c. Stop and let the pedestrian cross the street.
5. Always use your seat belt:
a. Unless the vehicle was built beIore 1978.
b. Unless you are in a limousine.
c. When the vehicle is equipped with seat belts.
6. The extra space in Iront oI a large truck is needed Ior:
a. Other drivers when merging onto a Ireeway.
b. The truck driver to stop the vehicle.
c. Other drivers when they want to slow down.
7. Roads are slippery aIter it Iirst starts to rain. When the road is slippery you
a. Avoid making Iast turns and Iast stops.
b. Test your tires` traction while going uphill.
c. Decrease the distance you look ahead oI your vehicle.
8. Collisions can happen more oIten when:
a. All vehicles are traveling about the same speed.
b. One lane oI traIIic is traveling Iaster than the other lanes.
c. One vehicle is traveling Iaster or slower than the Ilow oI traIIic.
A N S W E R S : 1 c . 2 c . 3 a . 4 c . 5 c . 6 b . 7 a . 8 c
- 93 -
SAMPLE TEST #2
1. When you enter traIIic Irom a stop (away Irom the curb). you:
a. Should drive slower than other traIIic Ior 200 Ieet.
b. Need a large enough gap to get up to the speed oI traIIic.
c. Should wait Ior the Iirst two vehicles to pass. then drive into the lane.
2. When passing another vehicle. it is saIe to return to your lane iI you:
a. Cannot see the vehicle directly to your right.
b. See the vehicle`s headlights in your rearview mirror.
c. Have passed the other vehicle`s Iront bumper.
3. Dim your headlights Ior oncoming vehicles or when you are within 300
Ieet oI a vehicle:
a. You are approaching Irom behind.
b. Approaching you Irom behind.
c. You have already passed.
4. II you see orange construction signs and cones on a Ireeway. you must:
a. Slow down because the lane ends ahead.
b. Be prepared Ior workers and equipment ahead.
c. Change lanes and maintain your current speed.
5. U-turns in residential districts are legal:
a. On a one-way street on a green arrow.
b. When there are no vehicles approaching nearby.
c. Across two sets oI solid double. yellow lines.
6. You consent to take a blood test Ior the alcohol content oI your blood.
breath. or urine:
a. Only iI you have been drinking alcohol.
b. Whenever you drive in CaliIornia.
c. Only iI you have a collision.
7. On a green arrow. you must:
a. Yield to any vehicle. bicycle. or pedestrian in the intersection.
b. Yield to pedestrians only in the intersection.
c. Wait Iour seconds beIore proceeding.
8. When driving at night on a dimly lit street. you should:
a. Drive slowly enough so you can stop within the area lighted by your
b. Turn on your high beam headlights to better see the vehicles ahead oI you.
c. Keep the instrument panel lights bright to be more visible to other drivers.
GO ONLINE AT WWW.DMV.CA.GOV FOR MORE SAMPLE TESTS
· A N S W E R S : 1 b ; 2 b ; 3 a ; 4 b ; 5 b ; 6 b ; 7 a ; 8 a
- 94 -
City, State, ZIP Code:
DL 600 ENGLISH (REV. 1/2011)
Products or services provided by advertisers are not promoted or endorsed by DMV.
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NEW 2011 LAWS
SAVE TIME and resources .
GO ONLINE for speedy DMV transactions dmv.gov .ca.
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....2 New Residents.............19 Riding Safely with Air Bags ...............................10 Habitual Truant—Persons 13 – 18 Years of Age .15 Driving Schools . 1 Disclaimer ..........12 LAWS AND RULES OF THE ROAD.................ix GENERAL INFORMATION .......................................27 Speed Limits ............7 DMV Examinations ................................14 Unlicensed Drivers ......... i NEW INFORMATION 2011 ...20 OBTAINING A DRIVER LICENSE .............2 Minors Visiting California...................19 Unattended Children in Motor Vehicles ...........................................23 General Information .........16 Pedestrian Responsibilities .... Buses.....3 SEAT BELTS ....... or Large Trucks .8 Minors’ Permit Restrictions ..S...........2 Nonresident Military Personnel Stationed in California ..............28 Reduced Speeds ..........................................................Minors License Restrictions..............................................28 Maximum Speed Limit ......................................TABLE OF CONTENTS NEW 2011 LAWS ............................. viii Where to Write ....... 3 Acceptable Documents ......15 Free ID Cards for Physical and Mental (P&M) Conditions .............................12 Renewal by Mail or Internet ............7 TRAFFIC LIGHTS AND SIGNS ..16 Mature Driver Program .28 Towing Vehicles............... 11 Minors and Cell Phones ..............................10 Teenage Traffic Deaths .......12 License Extension .........4 Adults’ Permit Requirements ...............................1 THE CALIFORNIA DRIVER LICENSE ................1 Basic Information ................................15 Identi cation (ID) Card ....MINORS...........................14 Organ and Tissue Donation ............14 License in Your Possession ...........12 Name Changes ...23 Crosswalks ..............20 Traffic Signal Lights .......................................21 Traffic Signs ... viii MISCELLANEOUS LICENSING INFORMATION .........20 Pedestrian Signal Lights.....................................23 Pedestrians .................................23 Right-of-Way Rules .5 LICENSE CLASSES .............15 Diplomatic Driver Licenses .....28 ......19 Side-Impact Air Bags.......................................12 License Renewals .....................4 Adults’ License Requirements ........ 5 THE EXAMINATION PROCESS .3 Application Requirements for a Basic Class C Driver License ..14 Medical Information Card .......2 California Residents ...............27 On Mountain Roads ..............18 Child Restraint System and Safety Seats ......................22 SPECIAL SECTION ......12 To Replace a Lost/Stolen or Damaged License .........1 Accurate Identi cation ..............................10 Keeping Your Provisional License .. Armed Forces) ....................28 Heavy Traffic or Bad Weather ................... 7 Where to Take the Tests .................. 8 Minors’ Permit Requirements........................26 Roundabouts ...................................................10 Actions against the Provisional License .........................................2 Adults Visiting California ...................26 Intersections.....................................................................9 Minors’ License Requirements.........9 Traffic Violations .....................................9 Exceptions .......................................................................... 2 Who Must Have a License? ..16 DMV INFORMATION .14 Address Changes .....2 California Resident Military Personnel (U...................................17 Mistaken Beliefs about Seat Belts ...
...............................................30 Near Streetcars..................55 Space and Speed to Pass........ Streetcars........48 Clean Windows and Mirrors..53 Problem Drivers .45 Scanning .......................... and Trolleys ..........31 Choosing a Lane .................................51 Horn...............54 Passing Other Traffic ............................49 Adjust Seat and Mirrors ..45 Signaling ..50 Driving in Rain or Snow ..............................35 Shared Roadway Bicycle Markings (Sharrows) .................................52 Following Distances ..60 Bicycles ..........61 Pedestrians Who Are Blind .......60 Motorcycles ...............56 Maneuverability .........................................................34 Turnout Areas and Lanes ............35 Bicycle Lanes ...............................53 Splitting the Difference.......35 Driving in the Fog .........29 Near Railroad Tracks ........................................................34 Center Left Turn Lanes ......................56 Turning ................55 Braking ........................49 How Well Can You Stop?............................................................................................... and Emergency Signals ...58 Emergency Vehicles .39 Illegal Parking .................46 Know What Is Ahead.......................................................................53 Taking Dangers One at a Time ...................41 SAFE DRIVING PRACTICES ....................................51 Use Your Horn ..........................54 Space to Exit ........31 Near Animals..48 Know What Is Behind You ...........Around Children ............59 Slow-Moving Vehicles ............46 Know What Is at Your Side ..................30 Business or Residential Districts ...................53 Merging in/out of Traffic ...............................53 Space to Merge .36 Examples of Right and Left Turns ....54 Space to Cross or Enter.......................................................................... Trolleys..............31 Changing Lanes ...56 Buses...............39 Parking at Colored Curbs .............41 Special Parking Rules ..31 TRAFFIC LANES ................................29 Blind Intersections ......................50 Driving in Darkness ... Headlights..55 Space to Return .......52 Use Your Emergency Signals .......29 Alleys....55 Large Trucks (Big Rigs) and RVs ..............64 TURNS ..........32 Passing Lanes ..............................................31 Line Colors ..................55 SHARING THE ROAD.........................................................................51 Driving in Hill Country......................37 Legal U-Turns ...................60 Neighborhood Electric Vehicles (NEV) and Low-Speed Vehicles (LSV) ................................................................63 Double Fine Zones .......................58 Light-Rail Vehicles ...........................................39 Parking on a Hill ...................60 Animal-Drawn Vehicles............................................35 End-of-Lane Markings .....................51 Use Your Headlights .......51 Do Not Use Your Horn .62 Road Workers and Work Zones (“Cone Zones”) .............................................32 Carpool/High Occupancy Vehicles (HOV) Lanes ...................29 Light Rail Transit Vehicle Crossings ....................................55 Trucker’s Blind Spots— the “No Zone” ..............64 Vehicles with Hazardous Loads ..........39 PARKING ..........64 Move Over and Slow Down ..........................38 Illegal U-Turns ....49 ..........45 Steering ............................................... or Buses ...............................
..73 Safety for the Aging Driver..........................................90 Related Fast Facts and Other Publications (available online):.....................68 Slippery Roads ..............79 Insurance Requirements.....75 Conditions Physicians Must Report ........77 VEHICLE REGISTRATION REQUIREMENTS ..82 Drivers Under 21 (Possession of Alcohol) .........67 Keep Your Car Visible ..............89 ADDITIONAL DRIVING LAWS/RULES.............................................................................74 Medications .74 Health and Emotions .78 Insurance ............76 Vehicle Theft Prevention Tips.........82 Alcohol/Drugs and Driving Is Dangerous ....66 Text Messaging and Cell Phones ........................66 Collision Avoidance ....................................70 Reporting a Collision ...74 Hot Weather Risks................................84 Court DUI Convictions ..............69 Causes of Collisions .79 Collisions....67 Curves. Insurance......................69 Collisions are not Accidents ...................75 Safety Tips............89 Out-of-State Vehicles.........79 Collisions on Your Record ...88 Possessing Firearms .......88 Traffic Violator School Dismissals .69 Accelerator Malfunction ....73 Good Vision for All Drivers..........64 Dealing with Traffic Congestion ..................................................94 ...............83 Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) Limits .......66 Dealing with Aggressive Drivers and Road Rage ............................................87 Points on the Driver Record .........76 Traffic Breaks .........68 Skids on Slippery Surfaces ............69 Acceleration Skids ......78 Financial Responsibility ...................................................91 Sample Test #1 ...................67 What is the Road Condition ...................69 Steering Wheel Locking Device ............................ and Minors ................................88 Suspension or Revocation by DMV..............85 Drivers 21 and Older—DUI Programs and Restricted Licenses ................................IMPORTANT DRIVING TIPS ......88 Speed Contests/Reckless Driving ........................................88 Suspension by Judge ..................71 Things You Must Do:....................................67 Driving Hazards .........68 Water on the Road ...........................86 Evading a Police Officer ..............................................................................73 Hearing....................73 Alertness ..............................................................................87 Vandalism/Graffiti—All Ages .................69 Locked Wheel Skids ...............72 HEALTH AND SAFETY...70 Involved in a Collision .............................82 Alcohol/Drugs while Driving ................67 Traffic Speeds .....................................................77 What a Driver Should Do During an Enforcement Stop ...............68 Mechanical Tips...............75 Record Con dentiality .....................83 Drivers of All Ages ..........93 Sample Test #2 ...71 Things You Must Not Do: ..........................................................89 California Vehicles .......67 Driving in Heavy Traffic .......83 Admin Per Se ........................................................................................................82 Carrying Alcohol in a Vehicle ...........................................86 Getting a Ticket......................85 Designated Driver Program ..............70 ACTIONS THAT RESULT IN LOSS OF LICENSE ...............
NEW INFORMATION 2011 WHERE TO WRITE .
DMV INFORMATION .
ca.gov BE COURTEOUS – We all want to get home safely! .dmv.
GENERAL INFORMATION DISCLAIMER ACCURATE IDENTIFICATION BASIC INFORMATION .
THE CALIFORNIA DRIVER LICENSE WHO MUST HAVE A LICENSE? California Residents Nonresident Military Personnel Stationed in California New Residents California Resident Military Personnel (U. Armed Forces) Adults Visiting California .S.
Minors Visiting California ACCEPTABLE DOCUMENTS OBTAINING A DRIVER LICENSE .
APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS FOR A BASIC CLASS C DRIVER LICENSE ADULTS’ PERMIT REQUIREMENTS .
ADULTS’ LICENSE REQUIREMENTS LICENSE CLASSES .
THE EXAMINATION PROCESS WHERE TO TAKE THE TESTS DMV EXAMINATIONS .
SPECIAL SECTION MINORS MINORS’ PERMIT REQUIREMENTS .
MINORS LICENSE RESTRICTIONS .MINORS’ PERMIT RESTRICTIONS MINORS’ LICENSE REQUIREMENTS EXCEPTIONS .
Teenage Traffic Deaths ACTIONS AGAINST THE PROVISIONAL LICENSE TRAFFIC VIOLATIONS Keeping Your Provisional License .
. GET THE PICTURE? It is illegal and dangerous.Cell phone use on the road.ca. dmv.gov ..
Habitual Truant— Persons 13 – 18 Years of Age MINORS AND CELL PHONES MISCELLANEOUS LICENSING INFORMATION TO REPLACE A LOST/STOLEN OR DAMAGED LICENSE .
NAME CHANGES RENEWAL BY MAIL OR INTERNET LICENSE RENEWALS .
LICENSE EXTENSION LICENSE IN YOUR POSSESSION MEDICAL INFORMATION CARD ADDRESS CHANGES ORGAN AND TISSUE DONATION .
DIPLOMATIC DRIVER LICENSES
IDENTIFICATION (ID) CARD
FREE ID CARDS FOR PHYSICAL AND MENTAL (P&M) CONDITIONS
PEDESTRIAN RESPONSIBILITIES DRIVING SCHOOLS
MATURE DRIVER PROGRAM
MISTAKEN BELIEFS ABOUT SEAT BELTS .
CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEM AND SAFETY SEATS RIDING SAFELY WITH AIR BAGS SIDE-IMPACT AIR BAGS .
TRAFFIC LIGHTS AND SIGNS TRAFFIC SIGNAL LIGHTS UNATTENDED CHILDREN IN MOTOR VEHICLES .
PEDESTRIAN SIGNAL LIGHTS .
TRAFFIC SIGNS STOP R R O R C S S R O A D DO NOT DO NOT ENTER ENTER WRONG WAY WRONG WAY IN G IL R A .
LAWS AND RULES OF THE ROAD RIGHT-OF-WAY RULES General Information Pedestrians .
78 - .Red and White Regulatory Signs White Regulatory Signs Highway Construction and Maintenance Signs Guide Signs Hazardous Loads Placards Slow Moving Vehicle .
Warning Signs Slippery When Wet Merging Traffic Divided Highway Sharp Turn Two Way Traffic Lane Ends End Divided Highway Traffic Signal Ahead Pedestrian Crossing Added Lane Crossroad Stop Ahead Yield Ahead Curve “T” Intersection Directional Arrow Reverse Turn Winding Road .79 - .
Intersections Crosswalks .
Roundabouts On Mountain Roads Multiple and single lane roundabout .
SPEED LIMITS REDUCED SPEEDS Heavy Traffic or Bad Weather MAXIMUM SPEED LIMIT Towing Vehicles. Buses. or Large Trucks .
Around Children Blind Intersections All vehicles must stop Alleys Near Railroad Tracks .
Trolleys. or Buses .Light Rail Transit Vehicle Crossings Near Streetcars.
Double solid lines: DO NOT pass. Broken yellow line: May pass if movement can be made safely. LINE COLORS CHOOSING A LANE .Business or Residential Districts Near Animals TRAFFIC LANES B (1) (2) (3) Solid yellow line: No passing if solid yellow line is on your side.
Example of numbered traffic lanes PASSING LANES CHANGING LANES Right Wrong .
gov .THE ROAD MOST TRAVELED Consider Car or Van Pooling and Buddy Up! dmv.ca.
CARPOOL/HIGH OCCUPANCY VEHICLES (HOV) LANES CENTER LEFT TURN LANES BIKE LANE BIKE LANE .
TURNOUT AREAS AND LANES SHARED ROADWAY BICYCLE MARKINGS (SHARROWS) END-OF-LANE MARKINGS BICYCLE LANES .
Example of a left turn TC CU DO N OT RN O ER EXAMPLES OF RIGHT AND LEFT TURNS 1 1 *2 Example of a right turn DO NOT T N WIDE UR .
6 one 2 LEGAL U-TURNS y wa 5 6 * 7 .
PARKING PARKING ON A HILL ILLEGAL U-TURNS down hill up hill no curb-up hill or down hill PARKING AT COLORED CURBS .
Example of crosshatched (diagonal lines) area .
ILLEGAL PARKING SPECIAL PARKING RULES .
PAGE LEFT INTENTIONALLY BLANK .
PAGE LEFT INTENTIONALLY BLANK .
EXPRESS YOURSELF! Signaling can save lives. Visit dmv.ca.gov for the California Driver Handbook .
SAFE DRIVING PRACTICES SIGNALING LEFT TURN RIGHT TURN Steering SLOW or STOP .
Know What Is Ahead Where is the green vehicle headed? SCANNING .
The shaded areas are your blind spots. .
Know What Is at Your Side Know What Is Behind You .
Clean Windows and Mirrors Adjust Seat and Mirrors How Well Can You Stop? .
DRIVING IN DARKNESS DRIVING IN THE FOG .
HEADLIGHTS. AND EMERGENCY SIGNALS Use Your Horn Do Not Use Your Horn DRIVING IN HILL COUNTRY .DRIVING IN RAIN OR SNOW HORN.
Use Your Headlights Use Your Emergency Signals .
FOLLOWING DISTANCES Taking Dangers One at a Time Splitting the Difference Problem Drivers MERGING IN/OUT OF TRAFFIC .
Space to Merge Space to Exit Space to Cross or Enter .
PASSING OTHER TRAFFIC Space and Speed to Pass Space to Return SHARING THE ROAD LARGE TRUCKS (BIG RIGS) AND RVS Braking .
Trucker’s Blind Spots—the “No Zone” Maneuverability Shaded areas are the driver’s blind spots. Turning .
dmv.gov CAN THE DRIVER SEE YOUR VEHICLE? Allow for extra space and be safe! .ca.
AND TROLLEYS .LIGHT-RAIL VEHICLES BUSES. STREETCARS.
Safety Zones are marked by dotted white lines EMERGENCY VEHICLES .Do not turn in front of light rail vehicles Yield to emergency vehicles.
SLOW-MOVING VEHICLES ANIMAL-DRAWN VEHICLES A Slow-Moving Vehicle MOTORCYCLES NEIGHBORHOOD ELECTRIC VEHICLES (NEV) AND LOWSPEED VEHICLES (LSV) .
Turns for bicyclists BEFORE CROSSING STOP. LEAVE SPACE TO AVOID SUDDENLY OPENED DOORS. LOOK RIDE A STRAIGHT LINE—DON’T TURN IN AND OUT BETWEEN PARKED CARS. Intersections with special lanes MERGE LEFT TO PASS VEHICLE TURNING RIGHT PEDESTRIANS WHO ARE BLIND .
ROAD WORKERS AND WORK ZONES (“CONE ZONES”) .
78 - DOUBLE FINE ZONES IMPORTANT DRIVING TIPS MOVE OVER AND SLOW DOWN .Highway Construction and Maintenance S Guide Signs VEHICLES WITH HAZARDOUS LOADS Hazardous Loads Placards .
Avoid returning inappropriate gestures. Use vehicle turn signals for turns and lane changes. Using the cell phone while driving. Y N Use your horn sparingly. Refrain from ashing headlights. Focus on driving and avoid distracting activities. low light conditions. Stopping in the road to talk. etc. DO YOU AVOID: Driving when drowsy. rainy. Come to a complete stop at stop signs. Drive below the posted speed limit when conditions warrant. Make slow. Avoid blocking passing lanes. Blocking the right-turn lane. Avoid unnecessary use of high beam headlights.ARE YOU AN AGGRESSIVE DRIVER? DO YOU (Check the appropriate box): Y N Overtake other vehicles only on the left. Use headlights in cloudy. Maintain speeds appropriate for conditions. Make eye contact and signal intention where needed. In icting loud music on neighboring cars. deliberate Uturns. Provide appropriate distance when cutting in after passing vehicles. Letting your door hit the vehicle parked next to you. Try to get out of the way of aggressive drivers. Taking more than one parking space. Score Yourself: Count the number of “No” Answers (1-3) SAFE DRIVER (8-11) SEMI-AGGRESSIVE DRIVER (4-7) GOOD DRIVER (12+) AGGRESSIVE DRIVER . Avoid challenging other drivers. Yield to pedestrians. Keep to the right as much as possible. Yield to faster traffic by moving to the right. Stop for red traffic lights. Maintain appropriate following distance. Follow right-of-way rules at four-way stops. Maintain proper speeds around roadway crashes. Drive at slower speeds in construction zones. Yield and move to the right for emergency vehicles. Parking in a space designated for the disabled. Approach intersections and pedestrians at slow speeds. Acknowledge intention of others.
DEALING WITH TRAFFIC CONGESTION TEXT MESSAGING AND CELL PHONES DEALING WITH AGGRESSIVE DRIVERS AND ROAD RAGE .
Driving in Heavy Traffic COLLISION AVOIDANCE Keep Your Car Visible What is the Road Condition Traffic Speeds Curves .
DRIVING HAZARDS Water on the Road Skids on Slippery Surfaces Slippery Roads .
Accelerator Malfunction MECHANICAL TIPS Acceleration Skids Steering Wheel Locking Device Locked Wheel Skids COLLISIONS ARE NOT ACCIDENTS .
Causes of Collisions Involved in a Collision Reporting a Collision .
ADDITIONAL DRIVING LAWS/RULES THINGS YOU MUST NOT DO: .
THINGS YOU MUST DO: .
HEALTH AND SAFETY SAFETY FOR THE AGING DRIVER HEARING GOOD VISION FOR ALL DRIVERS .
MEDICATIONS ALERTNESS HOT WEATHER RISKS .
HEALTH AND EMOTIONS CONDITIONS PHYSICIANS MUST REPORT SAFETY TIPS .
VEHICLE THEFT PREVENTION TIPS RECORD CONFIDENTIALITY .
WHAT A DRIVER SHOULD DO DURING AN ENFORCEMENT STOP TRAFFIC BREAKS .
ACTIONS THAT RESULT IN LOSS OF LICENSE FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY .
INSURANCE Insurance Requirements Collisions on Your Record .
call 911.If you see a drunk driver on the road. . Provide law enforcement with the: exact location vehicle make & model license plate One call could save a life.
00 .24 .04 .13 .24 . gender and body weight.20 . 1 drink = 1.10 .00 .17 .21 . .19 .13 .20 .26 .04% for commercial vehicle drivers and .03 .09 .00 .15 .11 .15 100 . 12 oz. such as fatigue.05 .04 .18 .08 .08% or more (.It is illegal to drive with a Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) of .06 .09 .12 .25 . REMEMBER: Even one drink is likely to affect your ability to drive safely! Get a DUI – Lose Your License! BLOOD ALCOHOL CONTENT (BAC) Table for Male (M) / Female (F) Driving Condition Only Safe Driving Limit Driving Skills Impaired Number of Drinks M 0 F M 1 F M 2 F M 3 F M 4 F M 5 F 220 .00 .33 120 .17 .15 .11 .07 .02 .09 .19 . Other factors.04 .12 .04 .10 .21 .00 .07 .12 .14 Legally Intoxicated Subtract .05 .07 .12 .00 .05 .00 .00 .00 .12 .10 .00 .00 .00 .08 .14 .05 .01% if under 21). 80 proof liquor.09 .5 oz. The table below gives an estimate of blood alcohol levels based on the number of drinks consumed. medications or food may affect your ability to legally operate a vehicle.06 .01% for each 40 minutes of drinking.15 .11 .30 .11 .28 Body Weight in Pounds 140 160 180 200 .06 .06 .13 .08 .07 .17 240 .00 .17 .07 .03 .03 . Fewer than 5 persons out of 100 will exceed these values.14 .00 .03 .03 .10 .15 .03 . 12% wine. or 5 oz. 5% beer.17 .22 .07 .00 .13 .00 .06 .18 .11 .
Insurance.Collisions. and Minors ALCOHOL/DRUGS WHILE DRIVING Alcohol/Drugs and Driving Is Dangerous Carrying Alcohol in a Vehicle .
Drivers of All Ages Drivers Under 21 (Possession of Alcohol) Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) Limits .
ADMIN PER SE .
COURT DUI CONVICTIONS Drivers 21 and Older—DUI Programs and Restricted Licenses .
GETTING A TICKET DESIGNATED DRIVER PROGRAM .
EVADING A POLICE OFFICER POINTS ON THE DRIVER RECORD .
VANDALISM/GRAFFITI— ALL AGES TRAFFIC VIOLATOR SCHOOL DISMISSALS SPEED CONTESTS/RECKLESS DRIVING SUSPENSION OR REVOCATION BY DMV POSSESSING FIREARMS .
SUSPENSION BY JUDGE VEHICLE REGISTRATION REQUIREMENTS CALIFORNIA VEHICLES .
OUT-OF-STATE VEHICLES .
RELATED FAST FACTS AND OTHER PUBLICATIONS (AVAILABLE ONLINE):
DISTRACTIONS: A split second can change or end your life.
SAMPLE TEST #1
SAMPLE TEST #2 .
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Mail to: Address: City. State. 1/2011) . ZIP Code: DL 600 ENGLISH (REV.PAGE LEFT INTENTIONALLY BLANK Products or services provided by advertisers are not promoted or endorsed by DMV.
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