ELECTRICAL ENERGY SAVINGS All industrial units are major consumer for electrical energy .

Electrical energy cost is substantial where the main process is electrical energy based . Few basic terms which are used in electrical systems ACTIVE POWER : The active power is the shaft power required or teue power required for the application and it is measured in KW (KILOWATT) REACTIVE POWER: Reactive power is the power used by inductive loads like motors and capacitive loads like capacitor to create and maintain the electro -magnetic field for their working .Its measured in KVAR. APPARENT POWER : The vector sum of the active power and the reactive power make up the total power .This is the power which is supplied by the power generating authority for the user .Its measured as KVA. ELECTRICAL ENERGY UNIT : Utility bills are based on no of units consumed by equipments or facility over certain period of time .One unit of electricity ( 1KWH) is the energy consumption of 1KW load for 1 hr continuously.

POWER FACTOR: The ratio of active power ( KW ) to apparent power (KVA) is called power factor.Which equal to or always less than 1. power calculation for 3 phase load apparent power ( KVA) = 1.732XVOLTAGEXAMPERES/1000 active power ( KW) = 1.732 XVOLTAGEXAMPERESXP.F/1000 Following ideas can reduce electrical energy consumption in any manufacturing facility.

Provide separate lighting transformer for control of lighting systems.

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Locate substation near the load centres to minimize energy losses in cables and also improve voltage levels. Install capacitors with automatic power factor control panel to maintain a power factor of not less than 0.9. Install capacitors near the load points wherever possible or at the sub

distribution board.

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