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CONFIDENTIAL

OPEN UNIVERSITY MA LAYS IA
MAY SEMESTER 2011 FINAL EXAMINATION

COURSE

:

SAFETY, HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL

CODE DATE

DURATION
TIME

'

z. Write you

This question paper consists of
excluding this page.

printed on both sides of the paper,

EMSHs1 O3/MAY2O1
1

IF . F A

PART A INSTRUCTIONS:
1. THERE ARE TWO (2) OUESTTONS rN THrS PART.

2. ANSWER BOTH QUESTIONS.

Question

1

A fire broke out in a chemical storage and two workers died and eleven more was injured to

varyingdegree,withth.Theaccidentinvestigationidentified
following factors as the major cause of the accidertt:
i)

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ii)
iiD
M-

.4

\f/hat types of compensation will the workers and/or their families be entitled to?
[3

ma*s]

State any THREE (3) design features that could have contributed in the case above.
[3 marks]

ln your opinion, what kind of training could help prevent accidents and/or minimise
casualties. [4 marks]
d,

t)o#t€+ Vu,*

Propose a TEN (10) point (or more) emergency response plan for. the operators working in the chemical storage facility.
[10 rnarks]

fl'OTAL: 20 MARKSI

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Question 2

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EMSHs1O3/MAY2O1 1IF - FA

After a preliminary selection process, a buyer from a Murtinationar company companies for further shorristed three scrutiny to serect the most suitable supplier for one of their raw material from company A' B or c' For the purpose of safety conditions, these were evaluated based companies on the following information:

wumoer@ Ygartvcos@
values)

)- ta

?/

Give any FOUR (4) types of common ttypes or accidents workptace. _ ttiat can occur in

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a

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[4 marksJ purchaser mav have opted to usethe sarety

Pnnr<

Itr[":"#::ll*;t:f :,fi;fi1ns to their accident record, w*h the JITJ
[6 marks]

ffi"rg,":ffi T"',li'r::::'ff

;ffi;jil*ilff Jr",J'butedtheworstcompany
r.-*p 7 a/,r,,^A.
VmarksJ

,7

[3 marks] suggest any TWo (2) possibre ways to improve safety records in company B.

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FfOTAL: 20 MARKSI

EMSHs1 O3/MAY2O1 1 IF -

F

A

PART B INSTRUCTIONS:
1. THERE ARE F|VE (5) OUESTTONS rN THIS PART.

2. ANSWER THREE (3) OUESTIONS ONLY.

Question
The company that you are working has 500 workers and it was decided by the management that majority of the current manufacturing facilities will be upgraded to an automated system

with latest technology which include use of robots. As one of the top management team
member, you are assigned to manage this project.

a. b. c. d.

Explain the possible reasons for the company to engage into automation and the use of robots. [5 marks]

List any FIVE (5) possible types of effects (positive and negative) of automdtion on workers. [5 marks]

List and explain any FIVE (5) safety
automated system.

t"l.ur",

that can be instituted for the
[5 marks]

Explain if the introduction of the automated system and the latest technology in combination can result in lower overall safety risk in the company. [5 marks]

fiOTAL: 20 MARKSI
Question 2

You are employed in

manufacturing plant producing foodstuff. To accommodate for increasing mark'et demands, your company has commenced an expansion project adjacent to the current production line within the same complex. lt is expected that fifty contract workers will be accessing the complex to complete the expansion project. The existing line will continue production as usualduring the expansion.

a

a.

As the head of operations for the existing line, you have some concerns over the safety, security and quality of your production line. Explain why these three aspects
are your main concern. [5 marks]

b.

Explain the steps that you will take to ensure that the safety, security and quality will not be compromised in the premise. [15 marks]

IOTAL:

20 MARKSI

A-P\ ut
Question 3

According to the reports by the in-house clinic, the number of sick leaves issued to workers has increased over the past 3 months. The medical officer in charge suggests the possible cause of the sudden rise is workplace stress. Your investigation over the issue shows that the possible causes stress are poorly designed workstation and other factors involving, * c-a,ll ul u) orv r\oT workplace environment.

At^ rvr,icl- hot }<
stress. -

a.

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provide any F|VE (5) sources of workplace

nol

[5 marks]

The three stages of human stress response are alarm, resistance and exhaustion. Explain these stages giving examples each stage. [6 marks]

\/"

Explain what poor workplace design is and give ways to overcome it.

hFAL
d.
mentioned above.

[5 marks]

Give FOUR (4) other factors that may have contributed to workplace stress as
[4 marks]

IIOTAL:20 MARKSI

euestion,- :"!{ffi :f::g

w'4
day. rI )-kb * O!:f/U,r*

A large chicken processing factory employs 15 workers specifically to manage the freezers and cgld-too-ms that stores processed chicken and frozen products. These facilities are very , t large and busywith 3 forklifts operating 16 hours a {4elhLt-

a.
b.

GiveanyF|VEtypesof PPEthattheseworkersneedtobesuppliedwith.

)'

Exposure to extreme hot and cold temperature can lead to heat-stress and coldstress. Explain the meaning of these stresses and give one example on how each of these.stresses can be avoided. [4 marks] Explain how operation of the forklifts within the storage facility above could raise some safety issues for the worker.
[5 marks]

[5 marks]{> 'oF"y €'asi'*1$$

c. d.

The refrigeration system is supplied with ammonia from a pressurised vessel located adjacent to the storage complex. These vessels are periodically examined to prevent leakage and ruptures to go undetected. Give and briefly describe any THREE (3) types on non-destructive testing for pressure vessels.
[6 marks]

ffOTAL: 20 MARKSI
4

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- FA

Question 5

'Th" OSH Act contains important regulation and standards and is enacted to

a. b.
c.

incidences or work related injuries illnesses and esand

deaths.

reduce

Expraintherationarefortheact.

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r

Describe between the osHA Resulation ano

: :filr*t /k osHn{t'fr o^ro"/';N+ ffiry*
[4 marks] [5 maksl

state any FlvE (5) employer responsibilities under the osH Act.

d'
f.

whatisNrosH? /J"Jr,-*r l^*{'l'ao
StateTWO (2) main functions of

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FnounuL

NIOSH. -

fr"t'n^'j '

tzmarksl

Workers compensation and litigation cost can accumulate to very large sums. Give any TWO (2) cost-reduction strategies that an organisation can undertake to reduce workers' compensation costs for the organisation.

.

14

marksl

k"f'

IOTAL: 20 MARKSI

PPL

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QUESTION PAPER ENDS HERE

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