Air compressor Trouble shooting Problem Cause Compressor will not operate. 1. No electrical power. 2.

Low oil level. 3. Pressure switch not making contact. Excessive noise in operation. 1. Loose pulley, flywheel, belt, belt guard, cooler, clamps or accessories. 2. Lack of oil in crankcase. 3. Piston hitting the valve plate.

4. Compressor floor mounting loose. 5. Defective crankcase. 6. Excessive crank end play. Knock - same cycle as R.P.M. 1. Main bearings. 2. Connecting rod bearings. Knock occurs while compressor is loading. 3. Loose flywheel. 1. Connecting rod bearings. 2. Wrist pins, wrist pin bearings. 3. Loose connecting rod nut. Milky oil in oil reservoir. 1. Water entering oil reservoir due to compressor operating in high humidity environment.

Excessive oil consumption.

1. Restricted air intake. 2. Oil leaks. 3. Worn piston rings. 4. Wrong oil viscosity. 5. Compressor tilted too much. 6. Scored cylinder. 1. Compressor air intake restricted. 2. Worn piston rings. 3. Excessive oil in compressor. 4. Wrong oil viscosity. 5. Piston rings installed up-side down. 1. Mounting bolts loose. 2. Compressor not properly mounted. 3. Pulley and flywheel misaligned.

Oil in discharge air.

Compressor vibrates.

3. Reset mechanism cuts out repeatedly. Restricted air intake. 5. Excessive belt wear. 1. 5. 1. 1. Bent crankshaft. Dirty air filter. Excessive air requirement. 2. Slipping belts. 5. 4. 1. Loose belts.Air blowing out of inlet. Malfunction or improperly adjusted. Pulley or flywheel wobble. Poor ventilation. 4. Excessive water in receiver. 3. 1. Fuses blow repeatedly. quickly on compressor. Belts loose. 1. Motor overload. Restricted air intake. 3. 2. Service hose too small. 5. 2. Nick in belt groove of pulley or flywheel. 2. Blown cylinder head gasket. 1. High ambient temperature. Worn valves. Worn or broken low pressure intake or discharge valves. 4. Speed too fast. Pulley out of alignment.High pressure inlet valve. Leaks or restriction. 5. Receiver pressure builds up 1. Air leaks. Safety relief valve not functioning properly. Speed too slow. Excessive discharge air temperature. Receiver pressure builds up 1. 4. Blown head gasket. 1. 6. Insufficient pressure at point 1. Belts too tight. Broken first stage inlet valve. slowly. Air leaking from inter stage safety relief valve when compressor is pumping. Faulty check valve. Receiver does not hold pressure when compressor is unloaded. fuses of proper size blow. 4. . Dirty cooling surfaces. Wrong fuse size. of use. 2. Belts too loose. Compressor will not operate. 3. Leaky gasket . 2. 2. No electrical power. 3.

Wrong oil viscosity. 4. flywheel belt. Piston hitting the valve plate. Loose pulley. Worn valve. Restricted air intake. 1. 4. 3. Defective crankcase. 1. . Loose flywheel. 3. Receiver does not hold pressure when compressor shuts off Excessive belt wear. Piston rings installed up-side down. 6. Excessive discharge air temperature. Dirty cooling surfaces. Pulley or flywheel wobble. 1. Loose connecting rod bolt. Lack of oil in crankcase. Scored cylinder. 1. 1. Compressor floor mounting loose. 3. 2. Main bearings. belt guard. 2. Nick in belt groove of pulley or flywheel. Wrist pins. 2. Compressor tilted too much. Milky oil in crankcase. 1. Pressure switch not making contact. Oil leaks. Plugged crankcase breather. 1. 1. Pulley out of alignment. Mounting bolts loose. Wrong oil viscosity.2. Water entering oil reservoir due to compressor operating in high humidity environment. Connecting rod bearings. 2. 2. 5. 4. 3. 1. Defective unloader or check Excessive noise in operation. wrist pin bearings. Knock-same cycle as RPM. Excessive oil in compressor. 3. Loose flywheel. 2. Belts too loose. Oil in discharge air. Excessive oil consumption. clamps or accessories. Poor ventilation. Faulty check valve. 4. 3. Worn piston rings. 4. Belts too tight. 3. 1. 5. 3. 5. 5. Knock occurs while compressor is loading. Blown head gasket. valve. 2. Compressor vibrates. Worn piston rings. Connecting rod bearings. 6. 4. Compressor air intake restricted.

Receiver pressure builds up 1. 2. Malfunction or improperly adjusted. 3. slowly. 2. Reset mechanism cuts out 1. Wrong fuse size. Loose belts. High ambient temperature. 1. Defective unloader or check valve. 6. 4. Air leaks. Belt to tight. . 3. Blown cylinder head gasket. Low voltage. 4. Worn or broken low pressure intake or discharge valves. Excessive water in receiver. 3. Fuses blow repeatedly. 5. Motor overload. Receiver pressure builds up 1. rapidly. Dirty air filter. Speed too slow. repeatedly. 2.

Add a new gasket and reassemble the head. Replace rod. Tighten the bolts on the air compressor. Tighten bolts or replace gasket. Vibration pads may help with this Replace cylinder. Tighten. Clean or replace air filter. a. Replace crankshaft. Tighten any loose ends. Pipe air intake to less humid air source. It may also be a good idea to replace your vibration pads Repair or replace. Drain oil. clean or replace air cleaner element. c. Check oil level. Adjust and shim properly. Remove the compressor cylinder head and inspect for foreign matter on top of the piston. more often. Service unit (change oil. refill with oil of proper viscosity. Replace piston assembly. Replace rings. Drain tank daily. Level compressor. Replace bearings. Drain down to full mark on sight gauge.shooting Solution Turn on power. b. Check viscosity. Replace rod. Check for possible damage to bearings Replenish the oil level. Replace rings. Tighten. Tighten. Replace your oil if necessary See pressure switch adjustment. at least every 45 days or 500 operating hours for oil changes. Clean or replace your air filters. Level compressor so that all feet touch the floor before tightening down. . Realign.

intercooler and discharge tube. If new safety valve leaks remove cylinder head. Replace head gasket. Adjust tension. Clean cooling surfaces of cylinder. Improve ventilation or relocate compressor. Drain receiver. Check for worn worn crankshaft. Clean or Tighten belts. Replace valve plate assembly. clean or replace faulty parts. Turn on power. Check for bent crankshaft. Remove and install new safety relief valve. Tighten joints. or motor overload. Clean or replace filter element. Replace crankshaft.Tighten belts. check fuse. Tighten or replace belts. inspect and clean reed valve assembly. resulting from running with loose pulleys. Clean or replace air filter element. Check speed. breaker. Check to make sure that fuses are of proper ampere rating. Provide ventilation. Shut down immediately to avoid damage. keyway or pulley bore. . Adjust or replace. Replace valve plate assembly. File smooth. Install new valve plate. Realign motor pulley with compressor flywheel. Bleed tank! Disassemble check valve assembly. Check speed. replace air filter element. Check for leaks or restriction in hose or piping. Replace gasket. Replace with larger hose. Adjust tension. Repair. Limit air usage to compressor capacity by using fewer or smaller tools. Install new gasket.

. Replace rod. Drain down to bottom of threads. Tighten. Check for bent crankshaft . Level compressor. keyway or pulley bore. resulting from running with loose pulleys. clean or replace faulty parts. and reassemble the head. Tighten. Replace or repair. Tighten bolt. Replace cylinder. clean. add a new gasket. Pipe air intake to less humid air source. refill with oil of proper viscosity. Clean air filter element and check for other restrictions in the intake system. Check for possible damage to bearings. Realign motor pulley with compressor flywheel. Replace rings. Clean or replace air filter. Tighten bolts or replace gasket. Tighten setscrew. Bleed tank! Disassemble check valve assembly. Tighten. Replace head gasket. Check viscosity and change oil if necessary Install rings in proper position. Adjust tension. Replace complete piston assembly. Replace rod. intercooler and discharge tube. Repair Replace bearings. Check for worn crankshaft. Clean or replace. Drain oil. Improve ventilation or relocate compressor. replenish oil. Remove the compressor cylinder head and inspect for foreign matter on top of the piston. File smooth. Tighten. Replace rings. Adjust tension. Clean cooling surfaces of cylinder. Repair or replace valves.if bent then replace.Replace or repair.

Drain receiver. . Install new gasket. Loosen belt. Install new flapper valves and gaskets. Replace or repair. Shut down immediately to avoid damage.Clean or replace filter element. Adjust or replace. Check to make sure that fuses are of proper ampere rating. Tighten belt or replace belt. Provide ventilation. Tighten joints. Check pulley size and belt tension.

Liquid Rinq Vacuum Pumps . Insufficient seal liquid 4b. Rotor imbalance 5d. 5d. 3f. Defective bearing 4e. 3c. Coupling misalignment 3b. 4f. 5a. temperature 4b. 3 Excessive seal liquid 3a. flow rate 4c. 5 Vibration 6 Mechanical seals "squeak" 7 Pump shaft is seized and will not turn . Scale from hard water 7b. Low seal water flow rate 2 Excessive noise 1a.Troubleshooting Tips   S. Pump or motor not properly anchored 5c. 7c. Excessive seal liquid 4a. Coupling misalignment 5b. 7b. Coupling misalignment 4c. Gland ring too tight 4f. 6 7a. Gland ring too tight 3f. 5b. Foreign object in pump 7c. Improperly mounted pump 6 Insufficient lubrication 7a. Seal water temperature higher than design 1b. 1b. Excessive discharge pressure 3d. Improperly mounted pump 3c. 5c.No Observed problem Problem source 1 Reduced capacity of pump 1a. Coupling misalignment 2b. 2a. 3 High power consumption 4 Overheating 4a. 3b. Excessive or 2a. 4e. Improperly mounted pump 4d. Improperly mounted pump 5a. 3d. 4d. Defective bearing 3e. 3e. insufficient seal liquid to pump 2b.

Troubleshooting Tips   Corrective measure Reduce temperature by increasing cooling water flow or check seal cooler for fouling Adjust seal water flow rate or check centrifugal recirculation pump Adjust seal flow rate Realign coupling Adjust seal flow rate Realign coupling Correct as necessary Replace bearing Loosen gland ring Make sure mounting surface is level Check coolant flow rate and seal cooler fouling Increase seal liquid flow rate Realign coupling Replace bearing Loosen gland ring Make sure mounting surface is level Realign coupling Anchor pump or motor Balance rotor Make sure mounting surface is level Check flow of coolant to seals Remove scale from pump Dismantle pump and remove object Make sure mounting surface is level .s .

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