Wine | Rose | Wine

Wine is an alcoholic beverage, made of fermented fruit juice, usually from grapes.

[1] The natural chemical balance of grapes lets them ferment without the addition of sugars, acids, enzymes, or other nutrients.[2] Grape wine is produced by fermenting crushed grapes using various types of yeast. Yeast consumes the sugars in the grapes and converts them into alcohol. Different varieties of grapes and strains of yeasts produce different types of wine. Wines made from other fruits, such as apples and berries, are normally named after the fruit from which they are produced (for example, apple wine orelderberry wine) and are generically called fruit wine or country wine (not to be confused with the French term vin de pays). Others, such as barley wineand rice wine (i.e., sake), are made from starch-based materials and resemble beer and spirit more than wine, while ginger wine is fortified with brandy. In these cases, the term "wine" refers to the higher alcohol content rather than the production process.
[3]

The commercial use of the English word "wine" (and its equivalent in other languages) is

protected by law in many jurisdictions. Types of wine

Wines can be classified primarily by the grape variety used to make the wine and the region where the grapes are grown. Wines classified on the basis of grape variety are called varietals and those classified on the basis of region are named by the region itself. There are different types of wines and wine styles. Basically wines can be classified into two general categories. They are white wineswhich are colorless and red wines which have the color intensity based on the soaking time. This is the information that most of us know. But wines can be classified by their taste also. The sweetness of the wine helps us to judge the wine by its taste. Classification of the wine according to the taste is as follows:
• • •

Dry wines Medium Wines Sweet wines

Apart from the classification of wine by taste the general types of wines are as follows.
Red wines

Red wines are color wines. Red wines are made from the red grape varieties. These wines get their color by allowing the skin of the grapes to get contact with the grape juice during the wine making process. Red wines are available in different varieties and taste. The most popular red wines are:
• • • •
Cabernet Sauvignon Merlot Pinot Noir Zinfandel

The dessert wines are considered to be the sweetest wines. The most popular white wines are: • • • • Chardonnay Riesling Sauvignon Blanc Gewurztraminer Rose wines Rose wines are also called as Blush wines. The most popular rose wine variety is: • Zinfandel Sparkling Wines Sparkling wines have a small amount of intense effervescences." This is the wine that is mostly produced in most the regions in the world. The famous fortified wines are: • • • Port wine Madeira Sherry Table Wines Tables wines are also called as "Dry Wines. In such a case the skin of the grapes is not allowed to have any contact with the grape juice. Late Harvest Wine) Sweet red wines that include (Late Harvest Wines and Fortified Wines) Fortified Wines Fortified wines are those that are produced with a small addition of the grape spirit. The white wines generally range from dry to sweet wines. Dessert wines vary from off-dry to super. sticky sweet wines. The famous sparkling wines are: • • • Rose Champagne Prosecco Sparkling Red Wine Sweet Wine or Dessert Wines Dessert wines are prepared from the residual sugar that is left in the finished wine. Ice Wine (Eiswein). Rose wines are prepared from the red grape varieties. Rose wines are not true not truly red. Fortified wines generally include the dry and sweet styles. The famous table wines are: . instead they have enough of reddish tinge to make them differentiate from the white wines. Champagne is the most famous sparkling wine in many regions in the world. The famous dessert wines are: • • Sweet white wines that include (Botrytis (Noble Rot).White wines White wines are generally colorless and they are made from the white grape varieties. This gives the wine a very sweet taste. Some of the white wines can be made from the red grapes.

• • • Dry white wine Rose winesss Dry red wine Manufacturing process Harvesting and destemming Crushing and primary (alcoholic) fermentation Pressing Pigeage Cold and heat stabilization Secondary (Malolactic) fermentation and bulk aging Malolactic fermentation Laboratory tests Blending and fining Preservatives Filtration Bottling s .

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