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ABSTRACT:
The main objective of our project is to plan RF network and to analyze it. With the rapid growth of population and technology, number of utility consumers had increased quickly. In order to serve larger utility consumers, we need to plan a network for CDMA to improve its performance. In this CDMA, planning is done by using ATOLL software. RF analysis is needed to overcome the deviations between the planned network and a real network after implementations. Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) radio frequency (RF) planning is intended to ensure the performance and equality of the CDMA network for all users throughout the coverage area. So the network is also analyzed using atoll and it resulting in a good signal coverage. The planning contains preplanning, PN Offset planning, link budgets, propagation methods and search windows. In cloverleaf topology interference will be more. To overcome it we can use triangular topology with less number of repeaters.

3 CDMA Access 3.2 Spread spectrum 3.vi TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER NO. 3. ABSTRACT LIST OF TABLES LIST OF FIGURES 1.5 CDMA channels TITLE PAGE NO.4 CDMA Features 3.1 TIA IS-95 CDMA system 3. 2.2.2. INTRODUCTION LITERATURE REVIEW INTRODUCTION TO CDMA 3.2.2 Explanation 3.2. .1 Functional block diagram 3.2.

1 Forward channel 3.2.2.3 Forward link channel 3.5 Sync channel 3.5.5.2.2.7 Forward traffic channel 3.5.5 CAPACITY CONSIDERATIONS 4.2.5.1 Introduction 4.5.2.2 Basics of radio network planning 4.3 Cell shape . PLANNING OF CDMA SYSTEM 4.2 Reverse channel 3.9 Access channel 3.8 Reverse link channel 3.5.2.5.6 Paging channel 3.5.5.3 DIFFERENT CODES 3.2.4 Pilot channel 3.2.5.2.10 Reverse traffic channel 3.vii 3.4 ADVANTAGES OF CDMA 3.

12.12.6 Subscriber unit 4.12.5 Propagation of a signal over vegetation .viii 4.2 Diffraction or shadowing 4.4 Radio cell and wave propagation 4.12.5 Normal cell configurations 4.4.12.1 Reflections and Multi path 4.11 Wave propagation effects and parameters 4.12 Radio Wave Propagation Concepts 4.10 Radio Network planning process 4.7 Cell overhead channel 4.3 Pico cells 4.4.1 Macro cells 4.8 Cell loading and cell placement 4.4 Propagation of a signal over water 4.2 Micro cell 4.9 Noise floor 4.3 Building and vehicle penetration 4.4.

ix 4.1 Adjacent PN offset alias 4.12.17.16.12.16.16.4 Fast fading margin 4.2 Connector and cable losses 4.5 Soft handoff gain 4.17.14 Results of the site survey 4.16.17.15 Coverage Reliability 4.2 Co-PN offset alias 4.16.6 Fading of the signal 4.16 Radio link budget and coverage efficiency of CDMA 4.17 PN offset planning for CDMA 4.7 Interference 4.18 Search windows .1 Interference Margin 4.13 Site survey and site selection 4.3 Fade Margin 4.3 PN offset allocation schemes 4.

3.18. ANALYSIS AND PLANNING 5.5 Clutter classes 5.4 Getting distances around sites 5.1 SCRH-WIN-A 4.3.3 Managing site properties 5.3.3.2 SCRH-WIN-N and SCRH-WIN-R 5.2 Naming automatically site 5.3.3.4 Deployment of triangular topology 6. CONCLUSION .7 DTM ( Digital Terrain Model) 5.1 Creating a site 5.3.2 Link Budget 5.8 Coverage of a planned system 5.3 Planning a network: 5.6 Clutter heights 5.18.1 Planning using okumura-hata model 5.x 4.3.

5.2 Link Budget .1 TITLE Modulation and coding features of the IS-95 CDMA system PAGE NO. 3.xi LIST OF TABLES TABLE NO.

6 3.10 3.5 3.13 3.4 3.16 CDMA Cellular Network Need For Optimization CDMA Spread Spectrum CDMA Channels CDMA forward voice channel CDMA reverse voice channel Components of walsh code Pilot channel Sync channel Paging channel Forward traffic channel Reverse link channels Access channel data rate Access channel Reverse traffic channel .xii LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE NO. 3.12 3.2 3.15 3.14 3.1 TITLE Functional Block Diagram CDMA Architecture PAGE NO.11 3.7 3.9 3.3 3. 3.8 3.

8 Coverage by signal level in triangular Topology .7 Coverage by signal level in clover leaf topology 5.3 5.17 4.3 4.2 4.1 5.2 5. 3.5 5. 5.1 4.5 4.xiii FIGURE NO.7 5.4 5.6 TITLE CDMA Frequency Cell shapes Types of cells The radio network planning process Factors affecting wave propagation Two Base Stations and a mobile PN sequence in Time Domain PN Sequences with the same offset Creation of a site Naming of sites Clutter classes DTM Coverage level Equivalence between triangular and clover leaf topology PAGE NO.6 4.4 4.